A sodium fluoride solution, paste or powder, which has been acidulated to pH 3 to 4 and buffered with a phosphate. It is used in the prevention of dental caries.
Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Fluorides, usually in pastes or gels, used for topical application to reduce the incidence of DENTAL CARIES.
Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.
Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid.
A source of inorganic fluoride which is used topically to prevent dental caries.

Dentinal tubule occlusion with lanthanum fluoride and powdered apatite glass ceramics in vitro. (1/19)

To simulate hypersensitive dentin, the smear layer and dentinal plugs of bovine root dentin specimens were removed by immersion in 10% phosphoric acid, polishing with hydroxyapatite particles, and ultrasonic cleansing. The fluoride-tannic acid-lanthanum-apatite (FTLA) group was treated with acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) containing tannic acid followed by rubbing with a paste of lanthanum chloride (LaCl3) and powdered apatite glass ceramics. The treated specimens were immersed in a remineralizing solution that mimics saliva for 6 weeks. The SEM observations revealed that the treated surfaces of the FTLA group were completely covered with fine spherical compounds and the dentinal tubules were occluded with plugs to a depth of about 3 microns. Fluoride and lanthanum were detected to a depth of over 20 microns by EPMA observation. After the remineralization, the surface of FTLA-treated specimen did not have any opened tubules and showed a remarkable increase in the number of fine spherical deposits in the dentinal tubules. These results suggest that the reaction products produced by sequential treatment with acidic fluoride and LaCl3 and powdered apatite glass ceramics are able to effectively occlude dentinal tubules.  (+info)

The Nd-YAG laser is useful in prevention of dental caries during orthodontic treatment. (2/19)

Plaque control during the course of orthodontic treatment is not an easy task, and dental caries are not an unlikely complication. We examined the possibility of controlling dental caries with Nd-YAG laser irradiation in orthodontic patients. As a preliminary experiment, we used the Nd-YAG laser to irradiate an extracted tooth and then left it to soak in lactic acid. The decay of the tooth was evaluated with a scanning electron microscope (SEM); tooth decay was inhibited by the action of the laser. Twenty patients undergoing orthodontic treatment for early decalcification of the teeth (white spot lesions) were selected, and photographs were taken of their oral cavities. White spot lesions on the four incisors and two canines of the maxilla were traced on tracing paper, and their areas were calculated by computer. Ten of the patients received laser treatment and acidulated phosphate fluoride solution (APF); the other ten acted as the control group. Between 11 and 12 months later, we photographed the oral cavity as we had previously; the white spot lesions were again traced and their areas calculated. The changes in the areas of the white spots of the laser-irradiated and control groups showed the following increases: laser-irradiated group, 1.41 times; controls, 2.87 times. The difference was statistically significant. These results demonstrate that Nd-YAG laser irradiation with application of APF acts as an effective method of caries control during orthodontic treatment.  (+info)

Fluoride release by restorative materials before and after a topical application of fluoride gel. (3/19)

The release of fluoride from restorative materials (Vitremer, Ketac-Fil, Fuji II LC and Freedom) was evaluated during two 15-day periods, before and after a topical application of acidulated phosphate fluoride gel (APF). For each material, 6 specimens were made, which were immersed in 2 ml of deionized water. The fluoride concentration dosages in the solutions were read at intervals of 24 hours for 15 days. After this period, the specimens of each material received treatment with APF gel for 4 minutes and the fluoride released was analyzed at 24-hour intervals during the following 15 days. The analysis of variance and the Tukey test (p < 0.05) showed that the total mean fluoride released during the initial 15 days was greater for Vitremer and Ketac-Fil and lower for Fuji II LC and Freedom; and in the final 15 days there was a difference in release readings, with the greatest value for Vitremer, followed by Fuji II LC, Ketac-Fil and Freedom. The comparison of the results between the 1st day and the 16th day (after gel application) showed a greater fluoride release on the 16th day for Vitremer, Fuji II LC and Freedom and was equal for Ketac-Fil. Although all the materials evaluated gained fluoride with the application of APF, the data suggest that the resin-modified ionomers are more efficient in releasing fluoride to the medium than the other materials.  (+info)

Durability of FTLA treatment as a medicament for dentin hypersensitivity--abrasion resistance and profiles of fluoride release. (4/19)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the durability of tubules occluded with FTLA treatment by toothbrush abrasion test on the applied surface and by measuring fluoride release from the FTLA components. Dentin specimens with simulated hypersensitive surfaces were treated with APF containing tannic acid. After which, the specimens received lanthanum-chloride-with-powdered-fluoroapatite-glass-ceramics treatment. The specimens were subjected to toothbrush abrasion test up to 6,000 strokes. SEM observation revealed that dentinal tubules of the FTLA treated specimens were completely occluded with fine deposits even after toothbrush abrasion of 6,000 strokes. EPMA analysis revealed that fluoride, lanthanum, and aluminum were the main FTLA components on the dentin surface after 6,000-stroke abrasion. To measure fluoride release from the FTLA components, a slurry was enclosed in a cellulose tube and suspended in deionized water at 37 degrees C. After fluoride was dialyzed against deionized water, a high concentration of fluoride was found to be released from FTLA the components, indicating FTLA treatment's prominent durability. These results suggested that FTLA treatment has a superior resistance against toothbrush abrasion and a high fluoride-releasing performance. These characteristics lend much weight to showing that the FTLA method is an effective and durable medicament for dentin hypersensitivity.  (+info)

Comparison of short-term in vitro fluoride release and recharge from four different types of pit-and-fissure sealants. (5/19)

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to assess the effects of four commercial fluoride-containing pit-and-fissure sealants on caries prevention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four sealants containing fluoride, Fuji III, Fuji III LC (GC Co., Tokyo), Teethmate F-1 (Kuraray Medical Co., Osaka) and Helioseal F (Vivadent Co., Liechtenstein) were used to investigate fluoride release and recharge. Disk-shaped specimens prepared from each material were immersed in distilled water at a temperature of 37 degrees C. After seven days, acidulated phosphate fluoride solution (APF) was applied to each specimen, and it was then again immersed in distilled water for 14 days. We then determined how much fluoride had been released into the immersing water. Fuji III LC was used with APF solution to investigate the fluoride uptake. RESULTS: Fuji III had the highest fluoride release, and Fuji III LC had the highest fluoride recharge. Helioseal F and Teethmate F-1 had almost no fluoride recharge. Fuji III LC/APF had a higher fluoride uptake to enamel than Fuji III LC. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that GIC-sealants in the oral cavity can serve as a fluoride reservoir and contribute to retaining a low fluoride level in oral fluids, thereby preventing caries.  (+info)

Use of vitamin C in delayed tooth replantation. (6/19)

This study evaluated microscopically the effects of root surface treatment with three different solutions in delayed rat teeth replantation. Central incisors from 30 rats (Rattus norvegicus, albinus Wistar) were extracted and left on a bench for 6 h. The pulps were extirpated and root canals were irrigated with 1% sodium hypochlorite. After endodontic treatment, the root surfaces of all teeth were submitted to a 10-min treatment with 1% sodium hypochlorite, changed every 5 min. The teeth were then rinsed with saline for 10 min and assigned to 3 groups with ten specimens each. Groups I, II and III were treated, respectively, with 2% acidulated-phosphate sodium fluoride, vitamin C solution and effervescent vitamin C (2 g, Redoxon. After root surface treatment, the teeth were filled with calcium hydroxide and replanted. The animals were sacrificed after 10 and 60 days. Group I (fluoride) presented the largest areas of replacement resorption and ankylosis. Comparing both vitamin C groups, Group III (effervescent vitamin C) yielded better results, showing more areas of ankylosis and replacement resorption than areas of inflammatory resorption.  (+info)

Corrosion behavior of pure titanium and titanium alloys in various concentrations of Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride (APF) solutions. (7/19)

The corrosion behaviors of Ti, Ti-6Al-7Nb and Ti-6Al-4V alloys, and an experimentally produced Ti-0.5Pt alloy in 0.05% to 2.0% concentrations of Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride (APF) solutions (corresponding to 226 to 9,050 ppm fluoride at pH 3.5 or 3.6) were examined. While the corrosion of Ti, Ti-6Al-7Nb and Ti-6Al-4V alloys might occur easily even in a diluted 0.05% APF solution, dissolution of Ti from the Ti-0.5Pt alloy was observed only in test solutions with APF concentration exceeding 0.2%. When Ti-6Al-7Nb and Ti-6Al-4V alloys were immersed in 2.0% APF solution, their surfaces were entirely covered by compact corrosion products of Na3TiF6 due to severe corrosion. As a result, Ti dissolution was prevented and the amount of Ti dissolved decreased. However, since Ti was covered by porous, large-sized corrosion products of Na3TiF6 and that Ti-0.5Pt alloy was not covered with any corrosion product, the amount of Ti dissolved increased in the 2.0% APF solution.  (+info)

Effect of APF gel application time on enamel demineralization and fluoride uptake in situ. (8/19)

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TY - JOUR. T1 - The Biologic Availability of Fluoride from Alginate Impressions and APF Gel Applications in Children. AU - Joseph Lecompte, E.. AU - Whitford, Gary M.. PY - 1981/4. Y1 - 1981/4. N2 - Ten child volunteers received routine alginate impressions and APF gel topical applications during separate visits. Whole saliva, urine, and surface enamel fluoride concentrations were measured before and after these procedures. Significant increases in salivary, urinary, and enamel fluoride concentrations were observed following APF gel application but only in whole saliva following alginate impressions.. AB - Ten child volunteers received routine alginate impressions and APF gel topical applications during separate visits. Whole saliva, urine, and surface enamel fluoride concentrations were measured before and after these procedures. Significant increases in salivary, urinary, and enamel fluoride concentrations were observed following APF gel application but only in whole saliva following alginate ...
ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE GEL PDF - NUPRO Fluoride Topical Gels in an acidulated phosphate fluoride topical gel for professional topical application as a fluoride treatment to aid in the
Applying of 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel to prevent caries in children has become very popular among dental practitioners. When applied to dental surfaces, however, APF often comes into contact with the oral mucosa. Due to the possibility of local toxic effect, we aimed to investigate the effects of APF on rabbit oral mucosa. Rabbits were sacrificed 1, 5 and 8 days after topical application of 1.23% APF on the oral buccal mucosa for 4 min. The nuclei with DNA strand breaks of the basal epithelial cell layer was estimated using terminal-deoxynucleotidyl-transferase-mediated deoxyuridine-triphospate-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL). Epithelial cells were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy. The number of basal epithelial cells with DNA strand breaks increased with time in rabbits treated with 1.23% APF. Transmission electron microscopy revealed evidence of apoptosis in the parabasal and basal epithelial cells showed, with loss of cell-to-cell contact, nuclear chromatin ...
This invention involves new compositions and methods of use and delivery of amorphous strontium compounds such as: amorphous strontium phosphate (ASP), amorphous strontium phosphate fluoride (ASPF), amorphous strontium calcium phosphate (ASCP), amorphous strontium calcium carbonate phosphate (ASCCP), amorphous strontium carbonate phosphate fluoride (ASCPF) and amorphous strontium calcium carbonate phosphate fluoride (ASCCPF) for use in remineralizing and fluoridating teeth. These amorphous compounds or solutions which form the amorphous compounds, when applied either onto or into dental tissue prevent and/or repair dental weaknesses such as dental caries, exposed roots and dentin sensitivity.
Fluoride (F) varnishes are effective in preventing caries and reducing dentin sensitivity. The addition of calcium (Ca) and phosphate (PO4) salts may influence the F release rate and also induce formation of calcium/phosphate/fluoride as persistent F reservoirs. The hypothesis is that F release rate can be optimized with the F content and the addition of Ca and PO4 salts. Objectives: To study the effect of the F content and the Ca and PO4 salts on the ion release and precipitation of F varnishes. Methods: The varnish containing 1670 ppm or 22600 ppm fluoride with or without Ca salt (10%) and PO4 salt (5.8%) was painted on a 2x2 cm plastic substrate and immersed in a 0.03 mol/L NaCl solution (n=3). The released ions were measured with pH, Ca, and F electrodes under slow stirring at 22 oC for 3 days. The concentrations of Ca and PO4 were analyzed by spectrophotometric methods. The precipitated calcium phosphate fluoride was characterized with X-ray Powder Diffraction and Scanning Electron ...
This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Topical Fluoride, Stannous Fluoride, Dental Fluoride Treatment, Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride, Sodium Fluoride Mouthwash, Sodium Fluoride Toothpaste, ACT Rinse, Prevident, Dentagel, Crest Pro-Health Toothpaste, Gel-Kam, Phos-Flur.
Learn about the potential side effects of NRG APF Gel (fluoride). Includes common and rare side effects information for consumers and healthcare professionals.
불소도포와 치면열구전색은 치아우식을 예방하기 위한 목적으로 임상에서 널리 병용하여 사용되고 있지만, 불소가 치면열구전색제의 표면 구조를 변화시켜 미생물이 서식할 조건을 마련하여 수복물의 수명을 단축시키는 원인이 될 수 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 현재 치과 임상에서 많이 사용되고 있는 레진계 실란트 Concise와 Eco-S를 사용하였고, 대표적인 불소도포제재 1.23% APF gel과 5% NaF Fluoride Varnish가 치면열구전색제의 표면 구조에 미치는 영향을 평가하기 위해 제작된 치면열구전색제시편을 각각 5군으로 불소제재를 처리하지 않은 I군, APF gel 1분간 처리한 II군, APF gel 4분간 처리한 III군, Fluoride Varnish 1분간 처리한 IV군, Fluoride Varnish 4분간 처리한 V군으로 분류하여 마모실험에 의한 무게변화를 측정하였고, 광학현미경을 이용하여 표면구조를 관찰하여 다음과 같은
A person experiencing caries may not be aware of the disease.[11] The earliest sign of a new carious lesion is the appearance of a chalky white spot on the surface of the tooth, indicating an area of demineralization of enamel. This is referred to as a white spot lesion, an incipient carious lesion or a microcavity.[12] As the lesion continues to demineralize, it can turn brown but will eventually turn into a cavitation (cavity). Before the cavity forms, the process is reversible, but once a cavity forms, the lost tooth structure cannot be regenerated. A lesion that appears dark brown and shiny suggests dental caries were once present but the demineralization process has stopped, leaving a stain. Active decay is lighter in color and dull in appearance ...
A person experiencing caries may not be aware of the disease.[11] The earliest sign of a new carious lesion is the appearance of a chalky white spot on the surface of the tooth, indicating an area of demineralization of enamel. This is referred to as a white spot lesion, an incipient carious lesion or a microcavity.[12] As the lesion continues to demineralize, it can turn brown but will eventually turn into a cavitation (cavity). Before the cavity forms, the process is reversible, but once a cavity forms, the lost tooth structure cannot be regenerated. A lesion that appears dark brown and shiny suggests dental caries were once present but the demineralization process has stopped, leaving a stain. Active decay is lighter in color and dull in appearance ...
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Fig. 3. Pretreatment to posttreatment comparisons of changes in LOH prevalence. A, changes in all events of LOH combined for the eight markers examined at three loci (3p14, 9p21-22, and 17p3). The initial biopsy site and residual lesion site are depicted together and separately. B, a subset of data from A, restricted to the changes in LOH observed for the four markers targeting locus 9p21-22. Small sample size precluded evaluation of the other two loci in this manner. C, individual patient changes in LOH prevalence. Each patient has three potential outcomes (decrease, no change, and increase) for each measurement of LOH. There are 16 total (8 from the biopsy site and 8 from the residual lesion site) measurements for each patient. Participants with no data entry did not exhibit LOH for any of the evaluated markers either before or after berry gel application. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - In vivo performance of biodegradable calcium phosphate glass ceramics using the rabbit model. T2 - Histological and SEM observation. AU - Dias, A. G.. AU - Lopes, M. A.. AU - Santos, J. D.. AU - Afonso, A.. AU - Tsuru, K.. AU - Osaka, A.. AU - Hayakawa, S.. AU - Takashima, S.. AU - Kurabayashi, Y.. PY - 2006/1/1. Y1 - 2006/1/1. N2 - Two MK5 (45CaO-45P2O5-5MGO-5K2O, in mol% and MT13 (45CaO-37P2O5-5MgO-13TiO 2, in mol%) glasses are prepared in the meta- and pyrophosphate regions and crystallized to obtain MK5B and MT13B, respectively. MK5B was obtained by controlled crystallization, and MT13B by powder sintering. As a result of these heat treatment processes, the crystalline phases precipitated in the glassy matrix are KCa(PO3)3, β-Ca(PO3)2, β-Ca2P2O7 and Ca4P6O19 phases for MK5B and CaTi4(PO4)6, TiP2O7, α- and β-Ca2P2O7 phases for MT13B. To assess the in vivo biological behavior of these glass ceramics, a mixed granulometry in the range 250-355 μm and 355-425 μm with a ratio ...
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VitaDigest offer Toothpaste AntiCavity Whitening Fluoride Gel Spearmint 5.5 oz , Product Review For TomS Of Maine Formula and Information, Exclusive Reivews for Toothpaste AntiCavity Whitening Fluoride Gel Spearmint 5.5 oz TomS Of Maine
DISCUSSION. This clinical report evaluated the effect of HA application on tissue augmentation of papilla in esthetic area. The patient was followed for three months after the first application of HA, and was possible to suggest the use of HA as a non-surgical treatment option for black space recovery. The treatment is safe, effective and has a low rate of morbidity for the patient, which agreed with other studies published in the literature7-9. The papilla that received the gel applications had an extensive tissue defect around the implant. The interdental papilla is a structure with minor blood supply and was left untouched by clinicians due to sometimes unpredictable outcomes, letting the reconstruction of interdental papilla to be one of the most challenges in periodontal treatment. We can suggest that the success of the treatment was due to the treatment plan, to the procedure itself and importantly to the HA characteristic as high solubility within the gum tissue which provided volume, ...
SureCoat®, Bovine Collagen, Solution, 3 mg/mL [BM-5057-100ML] - SureCoat® collagen is provided for coating surfaces and is not intended for gel applications. SureCoat® is highly purified (|99.9% collagen content) and has excellent coating functionality and properties. SureCoat® is isolated from bovine hides sourced from the only controlled, closed herd in the United States. Advanced BioMatrixs manufacturing processes comply with stringent
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Established in 2005 with funding from the Australian Government the APF continues to provide quality National infrastructure in collaboration with the Australian Phenomics Network. This partnership brings together expertise and infrastructure from across Australia for the Creation, Characterisation and Cryopreservation of mouse models of human disease.. Funding is provided by the Government (see below). Through this funding the APF are able to provide specialised equipment, expertise and subsidised access to models to further Australian scientific research.. ...
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are supported with inheritance, but are not supported or required with embedded relationships as embedded objects are nested in their parent objects data structure, not flattened as in the case of relational data.. ...
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Fluoride is effective for the prevention of dental caries, and sometimes it has also been used for the treatment of dentin hypersensitivity. The representative fluoride solution applicable for both treatments is diamine silver fluoride [AgF: (NH 3 ) 2 AgF] (Saforide ® , Beebland Medico Dental Inc., Osaka, Japan), which is widely used in dental clinics in Japan . However, AgF causes tooth discoloration, especially problematic with regard to permanent teeth. Ammonium hexafluorosilicate [SiF: (NH 4 ) 2 SiF 6 ] was subsequently prepared in order to overcome tooth discoloration caused by treatment with AgF . Acid resistance was significantly increased in both enamel and dentin after SiF treatment, similar to that following AgF treatment, being much more effective than NaF or acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) . Also, open dentin tubules within simulated hypersensitive teeth were completely occluded with a silica-calcium phosphate precipitate to the depth of approximately 20 μm from the dentin ...
Gastric distress - including nausea, pain, and vomiting - is one the most common side effects from professional application of fluoride gels at the dentist. Patients receiving fluoride gels can swallow more than 20 mg of fluoride from a single treatment - doses that far exceed the doses that can form toxic concentrations of hydrofluoric acid in the stomach. While the dentists now use measures to reduce the amount of fluoride that is swallowed, it is estimated that children still swallow an average of 7.7 mg per treatment, while adults swallow an average of 10.3 mg. (Johnston 1994). Such doses still exceed the doses that cause damage to the gastric mucosa. Indeed, as the data in the table below shows, a single dose of just 3 mg (the lowest dose tested) can cause widespread erosion of the gastric lining. (Spak 1990).. Gastric Symptoms following application of Fluoride Gel:. [T]he most likely symptoms to manifest in patients from professionally applied topical fluorides are nausea and possibly ...
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Pharmacokinetics of Total Testosterone and DHT (Dihydrotestosterone) Measuring Area Under the Concentration-time Curve From the Last Dose and 24 Hrs. Post Dose (AUCτ) [ Time Frame: Samples were collected pre-dose and at 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 24 hr post-dose on Day 21, Day 28 & Day 35 of testosterone gel application through applicator ...
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Where else can you find a post-workout product which maximizes the untapped potenial of Karbolyn and glycerol?. Despite the absence of protein, Labrada ReCHARGE! can help you put on lean muscle mass because these two ingredients can help pull water in. This facilitates nutrient absorption and wards off fatigue.. Needless to say, youll be as fresh as a daisy for your upcoming workouts. Labrada ReCHARGE also has 3.5 grams per serving of the BCAA leucine, which is known for its protein synthesis and muscle growth abilities.. Nevertheless, we feel it would be better - much better - for you to consume a whey protein shake together with this product to help you achieve your post-workout goals.. The leucine content is fine, but you need around 20 to 25 grams of post-workout protein to maximize your results. Your muscles desperately need protein after all the stress you put them through.. On the other hand, Labrada ReCHARGE!s absence of fats, cholesterol, and sugar comes as a pleasant surprise. We ...
It will be easy to sell your dentists on Lava Ultimate restorative. Its tough, yet gentle. Resilient, yet easy to adjust. It offers everything dentists love … as well as exciting new features.Less wear to opposing enamel than glass ceramics,Easy to adjust and re-polish-helps the clinician to achieve the ideal occlusion needed over implants.. Product URL : http://www.jensendental.com/digital_dentistry/CAD ...
Advanced Protection Formula (APF) is a highly concentrated liquid extract of adaptogenic herbs. This supplement helps protect horses from stress, supports the immune system, and ai...
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|p|The Youth EssentiA range contains a premium range of luxurious moisturisers (serums) designed for mature skin and result driven clients. The formulations contain progressively high levels of Vitamin A and are packed with powerful anti-ageing ingredient
The pay later option offered by ePayLater should make it one of the easiest options for paying off your dues on your Uber account. The procedure to add the ePayLater functionality on your Uber app is fairly easy.. What should make it a formidable option is that you no longer need to wait for the transaction to be completed through credit cards or other payment options. Of course, Uber offers you several payment options like credit or debit cards, net banking, or even cash payments. However, having to enter the credit card details and waiting for the OTP to arrive can get on your nerves. In fact, in one of our journeys, we waited endlessly for the OTP to arrive and finally made the payment in cash, only to find that the OTP arrived exactly when we completed the payment and proceeded with our journey!. Another similar issue we used to face was the continuous need to recharge your PayTM or other supported wallets. If you forget to recharge your wallet account and end up realising it exactly when ...
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Sezer E, Ozugurlu F, Ozyurt H, Sahin S, Etikan I. Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status in lichen planus. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2007;32:430â€4. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2230.2007.02436.x PMid:17459065 Rivarola de Gutierrez E, Di Fabio A, Salomón S, Lanfranchi H.Topical treatment of oral lichen planus with anthocyanins. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2014;19(5):e459-66. http://dx.doi.org/10.4317/medoral.19472 PMid:24880442 PMCid:PMC4192568 Kawanishi S, Hiraku Y. Oxidative and nitrative DNA damage as biomarker for carcinogenesis with special reference to inflammation. Antioxid Redox Signal. 2006;8:1047â€58. http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ars.2006.8.1047 PMid:16771694 Chaiyarit P, Ma N, Hiraku Y, Pinlaor S, Yongvanit P, Jintakanon D. Nitrative and oxidative DNA damage in oral lichen planus in relation to human oral carcinogenesis. Cancer Sci. 2005;96:553â€559. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1349-7006.2005.00096.x PMid:16128740 Lanfranchi-Tizeira HE, Aguas SC, Sano SM. Malignant ...
TriMix Laboratories has entered into an agreement with American Pharmacy Solutions as the exclusive pharmacy for prescription fulfillment of TriMix gel. TriMix gel has been prescribed by doctors as a first line and secondary treatment for erectile dysfunction (ED). American Pharmacy Solutions (APS) is a licensed compounding pharmacy which makes TriMix gel medicine for each individual patient in response to a prescription from a physician. TriMix gel is a gel-based treatment which has been prescribed for ED patients who have failed on Viagra, Levitra and Cialis type tablets or who could not tolerate the side effects. It uses an all-in-one ED gel application system which stores, mixes and applies the medicine at time of use. Steve Berklow, APS owner and president, said: Our 50 years of experience in the pharmacy industry leaves us uniquely qualified to enter into this relationship with TriMix Laboratories. We look forward to delivering top shelf quality service and medicine to our ...
Objective: Androgen can play a synergistic role with follicle-stimulating hormone in promoting the early follicular recruitment, which is critical in Assisted Reproduction Technique program. In patients with poor ovarian response (POR) and poor ovarian reserve may benefit from testosterone gel application and growth hormone. This study was done to assess whether poor responders can benefit from androgen therapy before in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection and from growth hormone. Study Design: It is a prospective pilot study on 35 patients with previous POR and poor ovarian reserve attending IRM, OPD between January 2015 and December 2015 for 1 year. Materials and Methods: Selected women received transdermal therapy of testosterone gel 12.5 mg over the skin of shoulder and upper arm for 21 days from day 7 to day 27 of cycle during oral contraceptive pills if the cycle was not regular and gel treatment before gonadotropin stimulation cycle for next one cycle. Hormone assessment ...
Additional Information:. • Contains Xylitol, the ideal ingredient for caries prevention. This ingredient is specific in its inhibition of the mutans streptococci group, bacteria that are significant contributors to tooth decay. Safe for diabetics and individuals with hyperglycemia.. ...
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Students at the University of Karlsruhe in Germany designed and built an electric vehicle and the track that it runs on. The car can recharge using electrical conduits built into the surface of the track. It doesnt have to stop in order to recharge: All the individual components of the car including its steering, breaks and chassis are designed by the students from high-tech materials. Apart from these, e-Quickies shell that plays a central role in the vehicles weight and aerodynamics is made fr...
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pgs 20-51) Newbrun, E. "Finn Brudevold: discovery of acidulated phosphate fluoride in caries prevention". J Dent Res. 90: 977- ... Vol 43, Issue 1, Pgs 45-51) Comparative study of a fluoride dentifrice containing soluble phosphate and a calcium-free abrasive ...
... acidulated phosphate fluoride MeSH D25.223.432 - fluorides, topical MeSH D25.223.716 - sodium fluoride MeSH D25.223.800 - tin ... zinc phosphate cement MeSH D25.339.312 - dental implants MeSH D25.339.334 - dental impression materials MeSH D25.339.334.574 - ... polyphloretin phosphate MeSH D25.720.830 - pyran copolymer MeSH D25.720.900 - siloxanes MeSH D25.720.900.850 - silicones MeSH ... fluorides MeSH D25.264.377 - dental porcelain MeSH D25.339.149 - composite resins MeSH D25.339.149.200 - bisphenol a-glycidyl ...
... fluorides, topical MeSH D01.303.350.300.875 - sodium fluoride MeSH D01.303.350.300.875.050 - acidulated phosphate fluoride MeSH ... phosphates MeSH D01.695.625.675.650.025 - acidulated phosphate fluoride MeSH D01.695.625.675.650.075 - calcium phosphates MeSH ... acidulated phosphate fluoride MeSH D01.875.350.850 - sulfides MeSH D01.875.350.850.150 - disulfides MeSH D01.875.350.850. ... fluorides MeSH D01.303.350.300.150 - calcium fluoride MeSH D01.303.350.300.512 - ...
... neutral sodium fluoride and 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride. 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride gel or foam is used for ... Fluoride therapy typically uses the sodium fluoride form, though stannous fluoride may also be used. Fluoride appears to ... Fluoride can be delivered by many chemical methods (sodium fluoride, stannous fluoride, amine fluoride, monofluorophosphate, ... The fluoride rinse with a 0.05% fluoride content is used for daily rinsing, while the rinse with 0.2% fluoride content is used ...
Categories: Preventive Products : Fluoride In-Office : PUFF® 1.23% Topical Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride Foam, 7.4 oz Bottle ... PUFF® 1.23% Topical Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride Foam, 7.4 oz Bottle. Cotton Candy ...
Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride dental gel. What is this medicine?. ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE (uh SIJ uh ley tid FOS fate ... Ask your dentist for advice, especially if you move to a new area where the amount of fluoride in the water may be different. ... an unusual or allergic reaction to fluoride, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives ... FLOOR ide) provides sodium fluoride. This is a mineral that strengthens tooth enamel and prevents tooth decay. Do not use this ...
Documents relating to: Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride dental gel Related Items. Drug Reference. * Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride ...
Acute Fluoride Exposure from Fluoride Gels. Fluoride gel (i.e., 1.23% APF) is an acidic, highly concentrated fluoride treatment ... Induction of apoptosis in rabbit oral mucosa by 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride gel. Author: Tsai CL, Lin JW, Kuo HK, Tai ... Applying of 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel to prevent caries in children has become very popular among dental ... "fluoride gels" at the dentist. Patients receiving fluoride gels can swallow more than 20 mg of fluoride from a single treatment ...
Find out information about acidulated phosphate fluoride. a salt of hydrofluoric acid; see hydrogen fluoride hydrogen fluoride ... chemical compound, HF, a colorless, fuming liquid or colorless gas that boils at... Explanation of acidulated phosphate ... Related to acidulated phosphate fluoride: sodium fluoride. fluoride,. a salt of hydrofluoric acid; see hydrogen fluoride ... Group 4--Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride The gel form of Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride (Nuprogel, Dentsply, Petropolis, RJ, ...
ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE (uh SID yoo lay ted FOS fate FLOOR ide) provides sodium fluoride. This is a mineral that ... Sodium Fluoride Topical , Prevident 5000 Sensitive , Omnii Gel Just For Kids , Act Fluoride Rinse , Act Kids Fluoride Rinse , ... Phosphate Fluoride , Act Restoring Mouthwash Cinnamon , Omnii Gel , Nafrinse Solution , Denta 5000 Plus , Prevident Dental ... fluoride topical (generic name). Omni-Med (brand name). This is a mineral that strengthens tooth enamel and prevents tooth ...
NUPRO Fluoride Topical Gels in an acidulated phosphate fluoride topical gel for professional topical application as a fluoride ... NUPRO Fluoride Topical Gels in an acidulated phosphate fluoride topical gel for professional topical application as a fluoride ... topical fluorides - pedodontics. GELS; 9. FLUORIDATED PROPHYLACTIC PASTES If ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE 4. ... Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride dental gel , Cleveland Clinic. Do not share this medicine with others. Do not use more often than ...
Also, standard FD (1,100 ppm F) in combination with professional fluoride application has been recommended to control dentine ... High fluoride dentifrice (FD; 5,000 ppm F) has been recommended to arrest root dentine lesions and to control enamel caries in ... Effect of 5,000 ppm Fluoride Dentifrice or 1,100 ppm Fluoride Dentifrice Combined with Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride on Caries ... Considering the lack of evaluation comparing the use of 5,000 ppm FD (5,000-FD) versus acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) ...
... What is this medicine?. ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE (uh SID yoo lay ted FOS fate ... Ask your dentist for advice, especially if you move to a new area where the amount of fluoride in the water may be different. ... an unusual or allergic reaction to fluoride, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives ... FLOOR ide) provides sodium fluoride. This is a mineral that strengthens tooth enamel and prevents tooth decay. Do not use this ...
... What is this medicine?. ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE (uh SID yoo lay ted FOS fate ... Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride dental foam * Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride dental gel * Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride dental ... Ask your dentist for advice, especially if you move to a new area where the amount of fluoride in the water may be different. ... an unusual or allergic reaction to fluoride, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives ...
... ¿Qué es este medicamento?. El FLUORURO DE FOSFATO ACIDULADO proporcionan fluoruro ... Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride dental foam - Alchemy Patient Education Sheet #80160 * Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride dental gel ... Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride dental rinse - Alchemy Patient Education Sheet #80149 * Sodium Fluoride dental gel - Alchemy ...
Staining potential of acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) foam on dental restorations in vitro ... Lin, David, and Huang, Boyen (2015) Staining potential of acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) foam on dental restorations in ... Objectives: To identify the staining potential of acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) foam on restorations in vitro. ... GIC was more susceptible to fluoride staining. This study suggested aesthetic implications when applying fluorides to restored ...
... , Stannous Fluoride, Dental Fluoride Treatment, Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride, Sodium Fluoride Mouthwash, ... Sodium Fluoride Toothpaste, ACT Rinse, Prevident, Dentagel, Crest Pro-Health Toothpaste, Gel-Kam, Phos-Flur. ... Acid Phosphate Fluoride, Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride, Fluoride, Acid Phosphate, Fluoride, Acidulated Phosphate, Phosphate ... acidulated fluoride phosphate, Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride [Chemical/Ingredient], Acidulated phosphate fluoride, Acidulated ...
YAG laser and acidulated phosphate fluoride on bovine and human enamel submitted to erosion/abrasion or erosion only: an in ... Effect of Nd:YAG laser and acidulated phosphate fluoride on bovine and human enamel submitted to erosion/abrasion or erosion ... Effect of Nd:YAG laser and acidulated phosphate fluoride on bovine and human enamel submitted to erosion/abrasion or erosion ... YAG laser irradiation associated with topical acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) for preventing enamel erosion and structure ...
Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride.. † Dental care is provided in a comprehensive, continuously accessible, coordinated, and family ... Clinical interventions, including dental sealants and fluoride (e.g., topical gels and varnishes and oral fluoride ... TABLE 1. Prevalence of dental visit and receipt of preventive services (topical fluoride, sealant, or both) among children and ... the professional application of 2.26 percent fluoride varnish or 1.23 percent (APF*) fluoride gel at least twice yearly (15). ...
Fluoride Mouthwash, Phosphate Fluoride, Mouthwash W/fluoride

... acidulated Phosphate FluorideSodium Fluor 0.02% Dntl RinsePhos-Flur, Flur-Rinse, Nafrinse, ... Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride. Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride. Sodium Fluor 0.02% Dntl Rinse. Sodium fluoride makes teeth more ... acidulated Phosphate Fluoride Phos-Flur, Flur-Rinse, Nafrinse, Fluoride Mouthwash, Phosphate Fluoride, Mouthwash W/fluoride ...
Benediktsson S, Retief DH, Bradley EL, Switzer P. The effect of contact time of acidulated phosphate fluoride on fluoride ... fluoride (Z350 - Z) were evaluated. Acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF, 1.23%) was applied to half of the specimens (groups VF ... PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the influence of topical acidulated phosphate fluoride on the surface roughness of ... Kula K, Nelson S, Kula T, Thompson V. In vitro effect of acidulated phosphate fluoride gel on the surface of composites with ...
BOTTA, Ana Carolina et al. Influence of topical acidulated phosphate fluoride on surface roughness of human enamel and ... and nanofiller composite resin without fluoride (Z350 - Z) were evaluated. Acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF, 1.23%) was ... PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the influence of topical acidulated phosphate fluoride on the surface roughness of ... The mean surface roughness (Ra) of both the restorative materials and enamel, with and without fluoride, was evaluated with a ...
acidulated synonyms, acidulated pronunciation, acidulated translation, English dictionary definition of acidulated. tr. & intr. ... Examples include aqueous solutions of sodium fluoride and stannous fluoride, low pH solutions such as the acidulated phosphate ... 2) Anticarious Fluoride Rinse Mouthwash witha acidulated phosphate fluride bott of 300-500ml. Supply of Drugs/Vaccines/Dental ... Optimal acidulated phosphate fluoride gel etching time for surface treatment of feldspathic porcelain: On shear bond strength ...
Phosphate Fluoride Solution. Off Label. RX. 0 Reviews. Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride Solution. Off Label. RX. 0 Reviews. ... sodium fluoride 0.2 % dental solution. Off Label. RX/OTC. 1 Reviews. Neutral Sodium Fluoride Solution. Off Label. RX. 1 Reviews ... fluoride,Na,stannous, hydrogen Swab. Off Label. RX. 0 Reviews. Sodium Fluoride 5000 Plus 1.1 % dental cream Products. Off Label ... Fluor-a-day 0.25 mg fluoride (0.55 sodium fluoride) chewable tablet. Off Label. RX/OTC. 3 Reviews. ...
An In vitro study of enamel surface microhardness following argon laser irradiation and acidulated phosphate fluoride treatment ... An In vitro study of enamel surface microhardness following argon laser irradiation and acidulated phosphate fluoride treatment ... title = "An In vitro study of enamel surface microhardness following argon laser irradiation and acidulated phosphate fluoride ... T1 - An In vitro study of enamel surface microhardness following argon laser irradiation and acidulated phosphate fluoride ...
Induction of apoptosis in rabbit oral mucosa by 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride gel. Author: Tsai CL, Lin JW, Kuo HK, Tai ... Categories: Total Body Burden, Daily Intake Estimations, Infants, Sources of Exposure, Fluoride Gels, Fluoride Supplements, ... Fluoride-Releasing Effect of a Modified Resin Denture Containing S-PRG Fillers on Salivary Fluoride Retention: A Randomized ... Using High Fluoride Concentration Products in Public Policy: A Rapid Review of Current Guidelines for High Fluoride ...
Surface micromorphological changes of glass ionomer following application of 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride: A scanning ... Surface micromorphological changes of glass ionomer following application of 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride: A scanning ... acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel for 4 min. It also evaluated the surface micromorphological changes that occurred in ...
Corrosion behavior of zirconia in acidulated phosphate fluoride Corrosion behavior of zirconia in acidulated phosphate fluoride ... Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Zirconium / Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride Language: English Journal ... Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Zirconium / Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride Language: English Journal ... Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride/chemistry , Zirconium/chemistry , Ceramics/chemistry , Corrosion , Dental Implants , Dielectric ...
Investigations are indicative for effects of topical fluoride specially APF (Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride) gel on the ... Comparison of the Effect of Topical Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride Application on Surface Roughness of Two Fissure Sealants and ... Comparison of the Effect of Topical Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride Application on Surface Roughness of Two Fissure Sealants and ... Introduction: fluoride application and fissure sealant therapy have an important cariostatic effect in pediatric dentistry. ...
... silver diamine fluoride (SDF) solution and 5% sodium fluoride (NaF) varnish on a... ... Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride. A sodium fluoride solution, paste or powder, which has been acidulated to pH 3 to 4 and buffered ... Tin Fluorides. Inorganic fluorides of tin. They include both stannic fluoride (tin tetrafluoride) and stannous fluoride (tin ... Calcium Fluoride. Calcium fluoride. Occurring in nature as the mineral fluorite or fluorspar. It is the primary source of ...
While the anti-caries effectiveness of acidulated phosphate fluoride gels has been clinically documented, the 2% neutral NaF ... Professionally applied topical fluoride should be used judiciously and is indicated only in patients with moderate or high ... While the anti-caries effectiveness of acidulated phosphate fluoride gels has been clinically documented, the 2% neutral NaF ... Evaluation of the use of topical fluoride gel Caries Res. 1993;27 Suppl 1:29-34. doi: 10.1159/000261599. ...
Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride. A sodium fluoride solution, paste or powder, which has been acidulated to pH 3 to 4 and buffered ... A mixture of monocalcium phosphate, monohydrate, alpha-tricalcium phosphate, and calcium carbonate with a sodium phosphate ... Dexamethasone phosphate ophthalmic solution, Sodium citrate buffer solution. Location. Andover Eye Associates. Andover. ... Dexamethasone phosphate is widely used for intratympanic therapy in humans. We assessed the pharmacokinetics of dexamethasone ...
Corrosion behavior of zirconia in acidulated phosphate fluoride. J Appl Oral Sci. 2016;24(1):52-60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
  • Applying of 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel to prevent caries in children has become very popular among dental practitioners. (fluoridealert.org)
  • 6 years the professional application of 2.26 percent fluoride varnish at least twice yearly and for at-risk children aged ≥6 years, the professional application of 2.26 percent fluoride varnish or 1.23 percent (APF* ) fluoride gel at least twice yearly ( 15 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF, 1.23%) was applied to half of the specimens (groups VF, TF, ZF and EF). (bvsalud.org)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Surface micromorphological changes of glass ionomer following application of 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride: A scanning electron microscope study. (who.int)
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the surface micromorphological changes of conventional glass ionomer cement (GIC) (Fuji II, GC Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) and high strength, high viscosity GIC (Fuji IX GP, GC Corporation) subjected to 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel for 4 min. (who.int)
  • This study investigated the effectiveness of acid etching and bond strength in an orthodontic bonding system in accordance with various time periods after 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel applications. (springer.com)
  • Enamel Pro® Gel is a 1.23% nonacidulated fluoride topical gel with ACP (amorphous calcium phosphate) technology. (pattersondental.com)
  • Acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) is another fluoride compound used in a 1.23% gel or foam solution that is typically only applied in office. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • 1.23% Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride, available in 7 patient-pleasing flavors. (dcdental.com)
  • The reason that it helps your teeth is because it contains so much fluoride - it's made up of 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride. (oralanswers.com)
  • After generating 80 artificial enamel lesions with varying ΔF values, all specimens were covered with 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride gel for 1 min. (elsevier.com)
  • In mouthwash sodium phosphate acts as a buffering agent that helps maintain the pH or acidity of the product. (tomsofmaine.com)
  • For anticaries mouthwash products, with acidulated phosphate fluoride solution, sodium phosphate and phosphoric acid are required in conjunction with Sodium Fluoride per the Anticaries Drug Products for Over-the-Counter Human Use, Final Monograph. (tomsofmaine.com)
  • Tom's offers both fluoride and fluoride free mouthwash options. (tomsofmaine.com)
  • Restoring listerine anticavity fluoride mouthwash tooth defense sodium fluoride technology is proven to strengthen enamel. (myotcstore.com)
  • Fluoride, in toothpaste, mouthwash, and other dental products, reduces the formation of cavities in both baby teeth and permanent teeth. (webmd.com)
  • Help protect and strengthen teeth with LISTERINE® SMART RINSE® anticavity fluoride mouthwash for children. (listerine.com)
  • He wanted to know if there was really that much more fluoride in the dentist's gel than is in his toothpaste and fluoride mouthwash. (oralanswers.com)
  • Fluoride Mouth Wash. 226 PPM is the maximum allowable fluoride concentration available in over the counter fluoride mouthwashes (0.05% NaF), such as ACT Restoring Mouthwash . (oralanswers.com)
  • 910 PPM is an acceptable concentration for prescription-strength fluoride mouthwash. (oralanswers.com)
  • If you don't want to spend the money on fluoride mouthwash, you can get the same cavity-fighting effect by simply brushing longer so that the toothpaste remains in contact with your teeth for more time. (oralanswers.com)
  • When Sodium Phosphate combines with Fluoride and phosphoric acid, Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride (AFP) solution forms. (tomsofmaine.com)
  • Sodium phosphate is derived from purified, finely ground phosphate rock that is reacted with sulfuric acid to yield phosphoric acid. (tomsofmaine.com)
  • The Phosphoric acid is then purified and reacted with Sodium Hydroxide to form Sodium Phosphate. (tomsofmaine.com)
  • Fluoride varnish versus acidulated phosphate fluoride for schoolchildren in Manipal. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials also have found that professional or professionally supervised application of fluoride gel prevents more than one quarter of decay in permanent teeth ( 13 ) and professional application of fluoride varnish prevents one third of decay in primary teeth and almost half of decay in permanent teeth ( 14 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Stecksen-Blicks C, Renfors G, Oscarson ND, Bergstrand F, Twetman S (2007) Caries-preventive effectiveness of a fluoride varnish: a randomized controlled trial in adolescents with fixed orthodontic appliances. (springer.com)
  • In terms of prevention, the topical application of fluoride is accessible, which includes fluoride toothpaste, fluoride varnish, fluoride gel, and mouth rinse. (intechopen.com)
  • gaard, B, Rolla G, Helgenland K: Fluoride retention in sound and demineralized enamel in vivo after treatment with a fluoride varnish(Duraphat). (koreascience.or.kr)
  • 임성수, 김용기: Fluoride varnish 도포가 초기 법랑질 우식 병소의 재석회화에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • Fluoride of fluoride varnish efficacy in preventing early childhood caries. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • Fluoride Varnish. (oralanswers.com)
  • Fluoride varnish is painted on your teeth, similarly to how nail polish is painted on your nails. (oralanswers.com)
  • Fluoride varnish can also be used in children rather than the gels since it is easier for kids to swallow lots of the gel than it is for them to swallow a lot of the fluoride varnish. (oralanswers.com)
  • For the experimental group, professional oral hygiene care, toothbrushing education, and fluoride varnish application were done once per a week, and for control group, only fluoride varnish application was done once per a week for 8 weeks during radiotherapy. (ijdr.in)
  • Fluoride treatments can be given in different forms (gel, foam, varnish) with two different types of fluoride (neutral sodium fluoride for patients who have dry mouth and dental restorations or acidulated phosphate fluoride) in a variety of flavors to give you a healthier smile. (dentalworks.com)
  • The USPSTF recommends that primary care clinicians apply fluoride varnish to the primary teeth of all infants and children starting at the age of primary tooth eruption. (guidelinecentral.com)
  • No study directly assessed the appropriate ages at which to start and stop the application of fluoride varnish. (guidelinecentral.com)
  • Limited evidence found no clear effect on caries increment between performing a single fluoride varnish once every 6 months versus once a year or between a single application every 6 months versus multiple applications once a year or every 6 months. (guidelinecentral.com)
  • Some organizations have advocated restricting fluoride varnish use to children at "increased risk. (guidelinecentral.com)
  • A risk-based approach to fluoride varnish application will miss opportunities to provide an effective dental caries preventive intervention to children who could benefit from it, particularly because currently, in the United States, infants and preschool-aged children are more likely to have regular visits with nondental primary care clinicians than dental care providers. (guidelinecentral.com)
  • In addition, as children grow older, dental professionals use sealants rather than fluoride varnish. (guidelinecentral.com)
  • Why is Phos-Flur® the ideal fluoride rinse? (dentist.net)
  • Phos-Flur® rinse contains a unique fluoride formula which allows the fluoride to penetrate deep into your teeth. (dentist.net)
  • The rinse contains acidulated phosphate fluoride that helps fuse fluoride with loosely bound calcium on surfaces to form calcium fluoride. (dentalproductshopper.com)
  • This ADA Accepted fluoride mouth rinse is specially formulated for those with orthodontic appliances to help protect, strengthen, and remineralize their teeth. (smilox.com)
  • Stannous Fluoride (e.g. (fpnotebook.com)
  • Examples include aqueous solutions of sodium fluoride and stannous fluoride, low pH solutions such as the acidulated phosphate fluoride system. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • They include both stannic fluoride (tin tetrafluoride) and stannous fluoride (tin difluoride). (bioportfolio.com)
  • Fluoride therapy typically uses the sodium fluoride form, though stannous fluoride may also be used. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research shows that using toothpaste containing fluoride, especially when it also contains tin (stannous fluoride), can reduce the amount of plaque build-up on teeth. (webmd.com)
  • Research shows that using a toothpaste containing fluoride, especially when it also contains tin (stannous fluoride), can reduce bleeding and swelling of the gums. (webmd.com)
  • Stannous fluoride (SnF 2 ) provides the same benefits as NaF but also offers antimicrobial action. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • it could be stannous fluoride or acidulated phosphate. (healthfully.com)
  • Some prescription fluoride mouthwashes that contain stannous fluoride have a concentration of 970 PPM. (oralanswers.com)
  • Although this isn't used as much as the fluoride gels and varnishes, some dentists do apply topical stannous fluoride to their patients. (oralanswers.com)
  • Robust evidence supports the use of fluoride toothpaste (with concentrations of 1000 ppm and above) and fluoride supplements, in the form of drops and tablets, to reduce the risk of dental caries in school-aged children and adolescents. (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of fluoride toothpaste (with concentrations of 1000 ppm and above) and fluoride supplements in children below the age of six years, and especially within the first three years of life, is associated with a greater risk of dental fluorosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Toothpaste and fluoride rinses should not be swallowed routinely, particularly by children. (webmd.com)
  • It's a good idea to make sure that children under six years of age use only a pea-sized amount of fluoride-containing toothpaste, just in case they swallow some. (webmd.com)
  • If you live in a community with water fluoridation and you brush your teeth with fluoridated toothpaste, you may want to consult with your dentist on whether or not the extra fluoride will do any good. (oralanswers.com)
  • In the 1990's most toothpaste in the United States had only 1000 PPM of fluoride. (oralanswers.com)
  • Much of the research into the effects of Fluoride on the alimentary tract has been funded by companies who profit from sale of Fluoride toothpaste, acid gels, varnishes and rinses [Ekstrand 1980, Lecompte 1987, Muller 1992, Spak 1989, Spak 1990]. (fluoridationaustralia.com)
  • Brush teeth thoroughly using a toothpaste containing fluoride twice a day. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Aim: To propose a new method to determine in vitro potentially bioavailable fluoride (F) in diet and toothpaste after ingestion. (bvsalud.org)
  • Conclusion: Then, it can be concluded that the proposed method of "gastric juice" is a promising protocol for determining potentially bioavailable fluoride in the diet and toothpaste after ingestion. (bvsalud.org)
  • In vitro evaluation of fluoride uptake with application of acidulated phosphate fluoride to interproximal enamel of primary teeth using dental floss. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 3. Wiegand A, Buchalla W, Attin T. Review on fluoride-releasing restorative materials - fluoride release and uptake characteristics, antibacterial activity and influence on caries formation. (bvsalud.org)
  • APF application after laser irradiation produced a greater fluoride uptake in the enamel structure than APF application before laser irradiation. (nii.ac.jp)
  • According to Johnson and Johnson, RAPID FUSION Technology provides up to 7 times more fluoride uptake than a leading competitor. (dentalproductshopper.com)
  • enamel and consequently enhance the fluoride uptake (YAP et al. (bvsalud.org)
  • Based on these results, Er:YAG laser was able to decrease acid dissolution and increase fluoride uptake and can be a promissory alternative for preventive dentistry. (unesp.br)
  • While fluoride-mediated remineralization is the c. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Fluoride can reduce enamel demineralization and promote enamel remineralization. (intechopen.com)
  • The fluoride ions reduce the rate of tooth enamel demineralization and increase the rate of remineralization of teeth at the early stages of cavities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fluoride exerts these effects by the demineralization and remineralization cycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • The remineralization cycle, critical to decay prevention, occurs when fluoride is present in the oral cavity. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1 The remineralization effect of fluoride can both reverse the early decay process as well as create a tooth surface that is more resistant to decay. (ada.org)
  • 3 , 5 , 6 Topical fluorides encourage remineralization of enamel, and also inhibit bacterial metabolism, reducing the growth of plaque bacteria. (ada.org)
  • Ten Cate, J.M.: In vitro studies on effects of fluoride on deand remineralization. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • Fluoride ions, when present at the plaque/enamel interface, reduce demineralization and promote remineralization in the presence of a cariogenic challenge (Margolis, 1993). (umich.edu)
  • Purpose: The aim of this in situ study was to measure baseline fluorescence loss values (ΔF (0) ) using the quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) technology to screen enamel lesions for effective remineralization following fluoride application. (elsevier.com)
  • The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the influence of treatment time on the remineralization performance of nanoencapsulated fluoride dentifrices on initial carious lesions. (bvsalud.org)
  • Risk factors for tooth decay include recent history of cavities, low fluoride exposure, and living in a low-income household ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Sodium fluoride makes teeth more resistant to decay and bacteria that cause cavities. (drug3k.com)
  • Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride is used to prevent cavities. (drug3k.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to compare standard fillings and silver diamine fluoride (SDF) for treatment of cavities in baby teeth. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Fluoride is most commonly used to prevent cavities, and to treat tooth plaque, a mild form of gum disease (gingivitis), and weak and brittle bones (osteoporosis). (webmd.com)
  • Since the dental community has worked so hard to get fluoride in the public water supply to help prevent cavities, I figured I would add water into this list. (oralanswers.com)
  • Phos-Flur Ortho Defense is an Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride (APF) Solution that aids in the prevention of cavities and white spots for orthodontic wearers. (smilox.com)
  • Topical or systematic fluoride usage can also help prevent tooth decay and lower the acidity levels in the mouth which might cause cavities. (ladentalclinic.com)
  • 13. The pressurized carbonated solution of claim 10 wherein the solution contains strontium, calcium, carbonate, phosphate and fluoride ions and the amorphous strontium compound is amorphous strontium calcium carbonate phosphate fluoride. (google.com)
  • For this to occur, calcium phosphate ions must be present. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • New technologies aimed at maintaining an effective level of fluoride ions in the oral cavity, such as low-release devices, will also be considered (Toumba, Curzon, 1993). (umich.edu)
  • When you use fluoridated dental products, the fluoride ions form a stronger Fluoroapatite composite by replacing some hydroxyl groups (OH- switches with F-). This composite is stronger and harder than the natural Hydroxyapatite compounds formed by the body. (ladentalclinic.com)
  • All samples were immersed in 2 ml of 2.0 M acetic-acetate acid solution at pH 4.5 for 8 h, and fluoride, calcium, and phosphorus ions dissolved were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrometry and spectrophotometry. (unesp.br)
  • The aim of the present in vitro study was to evaluate, using two different methodologies, the effectiveness of pulsed Nd:YAG laser irradiation associated with topical acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) for preventing enamel erosion and structure loss under regimes of erosion and abrasion or erosion only. (docphin.com)
  • Purpose: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of low-fluence argon laser (AL) irradiation and acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel treatment on enamel microhardness. (elsevier.com)
  • The purpose of this descriptive scanning electron microscopic study was to characterize surface alterations in primary tooth enamel after in vitro argon laser irradiation alone and combined with topical fluoride treatment either before or after argon laser irradiation. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • In vitro evaluation of enamel erosion after Nd:YAG laser irradiation and fluoride application. (thejcdp.com)
  • This study evaluated the effect of Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation and professional fluoride application on enamel demineralization and on fluoride formation and retention. (bvsalud.org)
  • Phos-Flur® Gel contains 0.5% fluoride ion (F-) from 1.1% sodium fluoride in an aqueous gel containing 0.1 molar phosphate, pH 5.1. (nih.gov)
  • Resin-modified glass ionomer (Vitremer - V), microhybrid composite resin with fluoride (Tetric Ceram - T), and nanofiller composite resin without fluoride (Z350 - Z) were evaluated. (bvsalud.org)
  • It was concluded that APF increased the surface roughness of enamel and decreased the surface roughness of both resin-modified glass-ionomer cement and microhybrid composite resin with fluoride. (bvsalud.org)
  • Fluoride-releasing restorative materials made by the sintering of metal (usually silver) particles to glass ionomer powder. (bioportfolio.com)
  • A study was conducted to determine the effect of topical fluorides (both acidulated phosphate fluoride and neutral sodium) on semi-filled and unfilled sealants, and glass ionomer materials. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • 1 These ingredients are nonmonograph except when used to prepare acidulated phosphate fluoride treatment rinses identified in § 355.10(a)(3) of this chapter. (cornell.edu)
  • That is why dentists prefer using fluoride toothpastes and mouth rinses. (ladentalclinic.com)
  • See also fluoridation fluoridation , process of adding a fluoride to the water supply of a community to preserve the teeth of the inhabitants. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This study suggested aesthetic implications when applying fluorides to restored teeth. (edu.au)
  • It is important not to continually ingest Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride because the fluoride in tap water may combine to give you too much fluoride and may discolor your teeth. (drug3k.com)
  • Frequent topical applications to the teeth with preparations having a relatively high fluoride content increase tooth resistance to acid dissolution and enhance penetration of the fluoride ion into tooth enamel. (nih.gov)
  • Twenty extracted or exfoliated primary teeth underwent soft tissue debridement and a fluoride-free prophylaxis. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The ingestion of fluoride as primary teeth are being developed has shown that the teeth have formed stronger and more resistant for caries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Strictly speaking, fluoride therapy repairs rather than prevents damage to the teeth, causing the mineral fluorapatite to be incorporated into damaged tooth enamel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even without fluoride, teeth experience alternating increases and decreases in mineral content, depending upon how acidic or alkaline the mouth is, and depending upon the concentration of other substances in the mouth, such as phosphate and calcium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Topical fluorides strengthen teeth already present in the mouth, making them more decay resistant, while systemic fluorides are those that are ingested and become incorporated into forming tooth structures. (ada.org)
  • Systemic fluorides also provide topical protection because fluoride is present in saliva, which continually bathes the teeth. (ada.org)
  • 1 , 3 Topical fluorides strengthen teeth already present in the mouth, making them more decay resistant. (ada.org)
  • Fluoride protects teeth from the bacteria in plaque. (webmd.com)
  • Fluoride is LIKELY SAFE when pregnant or breast-feeding when taken in doses below the tolerable upper intake level (UL) of 10 mg per day of elemental fluoride and when applied directly to the teeth in toothpastes and mouthwashes. (webmd.com)
  • Fluoride is LIKELY SAFE in the amounts added to public water supplies and when applied directly to the teeth in toothpastes and mouthwashes. (webmd.com)
  • Since the preventive effects of fluoride are concentrated on smooth surfaces, it is not surprising that data from many of these communities show that caries lesions in children and young adults tend to be confined to posterior teeth and occlusal surfaces. (umich.edu)
  • The experimental teeth were removed, and after detaching the periodontal ligament from the entire circumference, they were immersed in 2% acidulated phosphate sodium fluoride solution for 20 min. (nii.ac.jp)
  • My brother was at the dentist a few days ago and he was wondering if it was worth it to have his dentist apply a fluoride gel to his teeth. (oralanswers.com)
  • Unexpectedly, that pasty stuff that dentists use to take impressions of your teeth contains a lot of fluoride! (oralanswers.com)
  • APF foam does reduce caries in primary teeth: What is the effect of bi-annual professional application of acidulated phosphate fluoride foam on caries increment in primary teeth? (dundee.ac.uk)
  • Dental exams are usually performed after the teeth have been professionally cleaned and in younger patients and those at a higher risk of tooth decay, a fluoride treatment may be included to strengthen the enamel. (dentalworks.com)
  • To help developing or weakened teeth, professional fluoride treatments may be given at the dentist's office to strengthen and remineralize the dental enamel. (dentalworks.com)
  • Fluoride is a natural element that is added to tap water and most toothpastes to help our teeth, but a professional fluoride treatment uses safe, but effective concentrations to protect the teeth against decay. (dentalworks.com)
  • Fluoride is a mineral which helps growing teeth build stronger enamel, which is teeth's natural protective coating. (ladentalclinic.com)
  • Re-mineralization - Fluoride accumulates in the damaged area to strengthen teeth. (ladentalclinic.com)
  • These chemical reactions can help fluoride to modify the crystal structure of the teeth, although the protective layer formed is only about 6 nanometers thick. (ladentalclinic.com)
  • Fluorides can be obtained by the interaction of fluorine with elements, by the action of hydrogen fluoride on metals, and by other methods. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Hydrogen fluoride, oxyfluorides, and nitrogen fluorine compounds are widely used. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 2003). However, the number of sites evaluated for fluorides, hydrogen fluoride, and fluorine is not known. (cdc.gov)
  • Volcanoes also emit hydrogen fluoride and some fluorine gas. (cdc.gov)
  • Fluorine is a highly reactive element and readily hydrolyzes to form hydrogen fluoride and oxygen. (cdc.gov)
  • Hydrogen fluoride reacts with many materials both in the vapor phase and in aerosols. (cdc.gov)
  • Marine aerosols also release small amounts of gaseous hydrogen fluoride and fluoride salts into the air (Friend 1989). (cdc.gov)
  • Anthropogenic fluoride emissions include the combustion of fluorine- containing materials, which releases hydrogen fluoride, as well as particulate fluorides, into the air. (cdc.gov)
  • Coal contains small amounts of fluorine, and coal-fired power plants constitute the largest source of anthropogenic hydrogen fluoride emissions. (cdc.gov)
  • both emit hydrogen fluoride and particulate fluorides (EPA 1998b). (cdc.gov)
  • Hydrogen fluoride would also be released by municipal incinerators as a consequence of the presence of fluoride-containing material in the waste stream. (cdc.gov)
  • Hydrogen fluoride is one of the 189 chemicals listed as a hazardous air pollutant (HAP) in Title III, Section 112 of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. (cdc.gov)
  • In the atmosphere, gaseous hydrogen fluoride will be absorbed by atmospheric water (rain, clouds, fog, snow) forming an aerosol or fog of aqueous hydrofluoric acid. (cdc.gov)
  • Fluoride is largely converted to the toxic gas Hydrogen Fluoride upon contact with the gastric juices. (fluoridationaustralia.com)
  • The mean surface roughness (Ra) of both the restorative materials and enamel, with and without fluoride, was evaluated with a profilometer. (bvsalud.org)
  • Clinical interventions, including dental sealants and fluoride (e.g., topical gels and varnishes and oral fluoride supplementation) are effective in preventing and controlling tooth decay. (cdc.gov)
  • Investigations are indicative for effects of topical fluoride specially APF (Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride) gel on the restorative materials. (ac.ir)
  • May be applied using foam fluoride trays or by a paint-on technique. (dcdental.com)
  • Three repeated QLF-digital measures of ΔF values were then obtained for the lesions, immediately after demineralization and at 1 and 4 weeks after fluoride application. (elsevier.com)
  • This study evaluated the resistance to demineralization and fluoride incorporation of enamel irradiated with Er:YAG. (unesp.br)
  • This fluoride treatment is used for the prevention and control of caries. (pattersondental.com)
  • Fluorides are regarded as effective materials in the control of dental caries, which can both benefit the prevention and treatment. (intechopen.com)
  • Fluoride therapy has been proven to have a beneficial effect on the prevention of dental caries. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is very interesting whether a combination of laser and fluoride, which are both effective on caries prevention, would prove more effective than their separate application. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) is helpful in caries prevention. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • The effect of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate on erosive enamel and dentine wear by toothbrush abrasion. (thejcdp.com)
  • BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel, calcium phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP/ACP) paste alone and in combination with CO2 laser on the resistance of enamel to acid solubility. (minervamedica.it)
  • Effect of Nd:YAG laser and acidulated phosphate fluoride on bovine and human enamel submitted to erosion/abrasion or erosion only: an in vitro preliminary study. (docphin.com)
  • Fluoride supplements are recommended to prevent tooth decay in children older than six months in areas where the drinking water is low in fluoride. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fluoride came into use to prevent tooth decay in the 1940s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fluoride reduces the decay of tooth enamel by the formation of fluorapatite and its incorporation into the dental enamel. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ADA recognizes the use of fluoride and community water fluoridation as safe and effective in preventing tooth decay for both children and adults. (ada.org)
  • Fluoride supplements can be prescribed for children ages 6 months to 16 years who are at high risk for tooth decay and whose primary drinking water has a low fluoride concentration. (ada.org)
  • Vol 43, Issue 1, Pgs 45-51) Comparative study of a fluoride dentifrice containing soluble phosphate and a calcium-free abrasive (Journal of the American Dental Association. (wikipedia.org)
  • Combined effects of a fluoride dentifrice and mouthrinse on the incidence of dental caries. (umich.edu)
  • Aim: To develop and evaluate the efficacy of synthesised strontium-doped nano hydroxyapatite dentifrice and compare its remineralizing potential with a topical cream containing Casein Phospho Peptide - Amorphous Calcium Phosphate, in remineralizing artificial carious lesion on enamel. (bvsalud.org)
  • Ask your dentist for advice, especially if you move to a new area where the amount of fluoride in the water may be different. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Plants generally contain a certain amount of fluoride, which is absorbed from the soil and water. (intechopen.com)
  • However, the amount of fluoride absorbed by the body from drinking water is directly controlled by the fluoride concentration and the amount of drinking water. (intechopen.com)
  • All foods, including plant or animal food, contain a certain amount of fluoride, but the content of fluoride among them is widely different. (intechopen.com)
  • Do you have any questions, comments, or concerns about the amount of fluoride in dental products? (oralanswers.com)
  • however, the effects of fluoride on cementoblasts have received less attenti. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Potential adverse reproductive effects of fluoride exposure in humans has not been adequately evaluated. (nih.gov)
  • An extensive review of the effects of Fluoride on the gastrointestinal tract, completely and deliberately ignored by Australia's National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), appeared in 2006 as the result of over 3 years work by a team of ethical scientists on behalf of the US National Research Council. (fluoridationaustralia.com)
  • Introduction: fluoride application and fissure sealant therapy have an important cariostatic effect in pediatric dentistry. (ac.ir)
  • Additional considerations regarding sealant materials include the effects of fluorides and air polishing on existing sealants, and the need for occlusal adjustment. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • For example, studies by Ripa and colleagues (1987), Goggin and colleagues (1991), Sterritt and colleagues (1994), and Selwitz and colleagues (1995) have measured the benefits of a combined fluoride and fissure sealant approach. (umich.edu)
  • The goal of this study was to determine the effect of different surface applications (fluoride or surface sealant) on resin composites with different organic structures (Siloranes, Sonicfill, 3M Z550, Kalore). (bvsalud.org)
  • The surface sealant and fluoride were applied to the specimens, and evaluations were performed after 24h. (bvsalud.org)
  • The dental profession and the public should be well informed on the proper use of clinically proven products to achieve optimum effectiveness and minimize the risk of fluoride ingestion. (nih.gov)
  • Prolonged daily ingestion may result in various degrees of dental fluorosis in pediatric patients under age 6 years, especially in the areas with high fluoride concentration in drinking water. (nih.gov)
  • Ingestion of fluoride can produce gastrointestinal discomfort at doses at least 15 to 20 times lower (0.2-0.3 mg/kg) than lethal doses. (wikipedia.org)
  • They also have a specific limit defined, above which, fluoride ingestion might be dangerous. (ladentalclinic.com)
  • Bacterial viability in oral biofilm after tooth brushing with amine fluoride or sodium fluoride. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of sodium fluoride (NaF) and amine fluoride (AmF) on bacterial viability in the oral cavity. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Results indicated that acidulated phosphate fluorides may cause deterioration of semi-filled sealants and glass ionomers, but not unfilled sealants. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Hence, additional benefit is likely to be obtained by the concurrent use of fluorides and fissure sealants (Horowitz 1980). (umich.edu)
  • Ripa and colleagues found that a combination of pit and fissure sealants and weekly fluoride mouthrinsing almost completely eliminated the incidence of new carious lesions over a 2-year period. (umich.edu)
  • Also, standard FD (1,100 ppm F) in combination with professional fluoride application has been recommended to control dentine caries, but the effect of this combination on enamel has been considered modest. (ovid.com)
  • Fluoride concentration was determined on dental specimens and on the formed biofilm. (ovid.com)
  • Using High Fluoride Concentration Products in Public Policy: A Rapid Review of Current Guidelines for High Fluoride Concentration Products. (fluoridealert.org)
  • The amount of fluorides accumulated depends on the type of plant and soil and the concentration and form of fluoride in the soil. (cdc.gov)
  • In natural water, fluoride forms strong complexes with aluminum in water, and fluorine chemistry in water is largely regulated by aluminum concentration and pH (Skjelkvale 1994). (cdc.gov)
  • Because fluoride is not distributed in soil evenly, the concentration of fluoride in water is different in different areas. (intechopen.com)
  • In the US, fluoride is added to most city water sources to a concentration of 0.7 to 1.2 parts per million (ppm). (webmd.com)
  • To make the amounts more clear, I will talk about fluoride concentration in parts per million in this article. (oralanswers.com)
  • Acidulated phosphate fluoride treatment and formation of caries-like lesions in enamel: effect of application time. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Considering the lack of evaluation comparing the use of 5,000 ppm FD (5,000-FD) versus acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) application combined with 1,100 ppm FD (1,100-FD) on the inhibition and repair of caries lesions in both enamel and dentine, we conducted this in situ, double-blind, crossover study of 3 phases of 14 days. (ovid.com)
  • Caries-arresting effects of silver diamine fluoride and sodium fluoride on dentine caries lesions. (bioportfolio.com)
  • sodium fluoride on dentine caries lesions. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The present study aims to evaluate, through a controlled clinical randomized study,the effectiveness of silver diamine fluoride in arresting dentin caries lesions in primary molars when co. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Geiger AM, Gorelick L, Gwinnett AJ, Benson BJ (1992) Reducing white spot lesions in orthodontic populations with fluoride rinsing. (springer.com)
  • The findings of this study indicate that clinicians can establish prognostic criteria for early carious lesions using the QLF technology, and hence predict the efficacy of fluoride treatment and devise effective lesion-specific treatment plans. (elsevier.com)
  • The volatile fluorides of metals are used in the application of metallic coatings. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • NUPRO Fluoride Topical Gels in an acidulated phosphate fluoride topical gel for professional topical application as a fluoride treatment to aid in the protection. (veupropia.info)
  • Effect of Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride Gel Application on the Surface. (veupropia.info)
  • Fluorides, usually in pastes or gels, used for topical application to reduce the incidence of DENTAL CARIES. (fpnotebook.com)
  • This study investigates whether 1) Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) application using Super Floss can arrest and/or reverse initial interproximal caries on primary molars and 2) whether SDF a. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Besides, the application of fluoride is systematical. (intechopen.com)
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the application of 15 % propolis and 2 % acidulated-phosphate sodium fluoride solutions on the root surface-adhered necrotic cemental periodontal ligament in delayed tooth replantation. (jove.com)
  • 2010). only by degradation of the composite after aging, To date, no studies have assessed the effects but also by the application of acidulated phosphate of thermal aging on the mechanical properties or the fluoride (APF). (bvsalud.org)
  • The application of acidulated phosphate fluoride was performed after treatments. (unesp.br)
  • Fluoride pre-treatment interferes with the acid etching effects on enamel, causing a reduction in the bond strength with orthodontic brackets. (springer.com)
  • The surface coatings associated with combined APF and argon laser treatment may contain fluoride-rich calcium and phosphate mineral phases that could act as reservoirs for fluoride, calcium, and phosphate and provide a certain degree of protection from a caries lesion challenge. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The tooth enamel is made up of calcium and phosphate compounds which are actually a modified form of hydroxyapatite. (ladentalclinic.com)
  • ABSTRACT Objective The corrosion behavior of zirconia in acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) representing acidic environments and fluoride treatments was studied. (bvsalud.org)
  • Laboratory tests indicate that repeated use of acidulated phosphate fluoride topical gel may cause dulling of porcelain and ceramic restorations unless protected from contact. (nih.gov)
  • Adverse effects on reproduction were reported for rats, mice, fox, and cattle exposed to 100 ppm or greater concentrations of fluoride in their diet or drinking water. (nih.gov)
  • Other studies conducted in rats demonstrated that lower concentrations of fluoride (5 mg/kg of body weight) did not result in impaired fertility and reproductive capabilities. (nih.gov)
  • However, milk and edible tissue from animals fed high levels of fluorides do not appear to contain elevated fluoride concentrations (NAS 1971a). (cdc.gov)
  • In the book Fluoride in Dentistry , Ole Fejerskov states, "Fluoride-containing mouth gels may be applied, usually by the dental professional once yearly, to individuals living in communities with low concentrations of fluoride in the water supply. (oralanswers.com)
  • Another study has also looked at the fluoride concentrations in alginate impression material and came up with similar results. (oralanswers.com)
  • 5. The method according to claim 1 wherein the amorphous strontium compounds or the solution which will form amorphous compounds further contain a fluoride source. (google.com)
  • 9. The method according to claim 1 wherein the amorphous strontium compounds further contain carbonate, thereby causing bicarbonate to be formed upon the deposition of amorphous strontium carbonate phosphate compounds. (google.com)
  • In the experimental groups, Group II topical cream with Casein Phosphopeptide and Amorphous Calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) was used and in Group III laboratory synthesized Strontium-doped nanohydroxyapatite paste (Sr-nHAP), respectively for 28 consecutive days. (bvsalud.org)