A sodium fluoride solution, paste or powder, which has been acidulated to pH 3 to 4 and buffered with a phosphate. It is used in the prevention of dental caries.
Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Fluorides, usually in pastes or gels, used for topical application to reduce the incidence of DENTAL CARIES.
Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.
Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid.
A source of inorganic fluoride which is used topically to prevent dental caries.

Dentinal tubule occlusion with lanthanum fluoride and powdered apatite glass ceramics in vitro. (1/19)

To simulate hypersensitive dentin, the smear layer and dentinal plugs of bovine root dentin specimens were removed by immersion in 10% phosphoric acid, polishing with hydroxyapatite particles, and ultrasonic cleansing. The fluoride-tannic acid-lanthanum-apatite (FTLA) group was treated with acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) containing tannic acid followed by rubbing with a paste of lanthanum chloride (LaCl3) and powdered apatite glass ceramics. The treated specimens were immersed in a remineralizing solution that mimics saliva for 6 weeks. The SEM observations revealed that the treated surfaces of the FTLA group were completely covered with fine spherical compounds and the dentinal tubules were occluded with plugs to a depth of about 3 microns. Fluoride and lanthanum were detected to a depth of over 20 microns by EPMA observation. After the remineralization, the surface of FTLA-treated specimen did not have any opened tubules and showed a remarkable increase in the number of fine spherical deposits in the dentinal tubules. These results suggest that the reaction products produced by sequential treatment with acidic fluoride and LaCl3 and powdered apatite glass ceramics are able to effectively occlude dentinal tubules.  (+info)

The Nd-YAG laser is useful in prevention of dental caries during orthodontic treatment. (2/19)

Plaque control during the course of orthodontic treatment is not an easy task, and dental caries are not an unlikely complication. We examined the possibility of controlling dental caries with Nd-YAG laser irradiation in orthodontic patients. As a preliminary experiment, we used the Nd-YAG laser to irradiate an extracted tooth and then left it to soak in lactic acid. The decay of the tooth was evaluated with a scanning electron microscope (SEM); tooth decay was inhibited by the action of the laser. Twenty patients undergoing orthodontic treatment for early decalcification of the teeth (white spot lesions) were selected, and photographs were taken of their oral cavities. White spot lesions on the four incisors and two canines of the maxilla were traced on tracing paper, and their areas were calculated by computer. Ten of the patients received laser treatment and acidulated phosphate fluoride solution (APF); the other ten acted as the control group. Between 11 and 12 months later, we photographed the oral cavity as we had previously; the white spot lesions were again traced and their areas calculated. The changes in the areas of the white spots of the laser-irradiated and control groups showed the following increases: laser-irradiated group, 1.41 times; controls, 2.87 times. The difference was statistically significant. These results demonstrate that Nd-YAG laser irradiation with application of APF acts as an effective method of caries control during orthodontic treatment.  (+info)

Fluoride release by restorative materials before and after a topical application of fluoride gel. (3/19)

The release of fluoride from restorative materials (Vitremer, Ketac-Fil, Fuji II LC and Freedom) was evaluated during two 15-day periods, before and after a topical application of acidulated phosphate fluoride gel (APF). For each material, 6 specimens were made, which were immersed in 2 ml of deionized water. The fluoride concentration dosages in the solutions were read at intervals of 24 hours for 15 days. After this period, the specimens of each material received treatment with APF gel for 4 minutes and the fluoride released was analyzed at 24-hour intervals during the following 15 days. The analysis of variance and the Tukey test (p < 0.05) showed that the total mean fluoride released during the initial 15 days was greater for Vitremer and Ketac-Fil and lower for Fuji II LC and Freedom; and in the final 15 days there was a difference in release readings, with the greatest value for Vitremer, followed by Fuji II LC, Ketac-Fil and Freedom. The comparison of the results between the 1st day and the 16th day (after gel application) showed a greater fluoride release on the 16th day for Vitremer, Fuji II LC and Freedom and was equal for Ketac-Fil. Although all the materials evaluated gained fluoride with the application of APF, the data suggest that the resin-modified ionomers are more efficient in releasing fluoride to the medium than the other materials.  (+info)

Durability of FTLA treatment as a medicament for dentin hypersensitivity--abrasion resistance and profiles of fluoride release. (4/19)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the durability of tubules occluded with FTLA treatment by toothbrush abrasion test on the applied surface and by measuring fluoride release from the FTLA components. Dentin specimens with simulated hypersensitive surfaces were treated with APF containing tannic acid. After which, the specimens received lanthanum-chloride-with-powdered-fluoroapatite-glass-ceramics treatment. The specimens were subjected to toothbrush abrasion test up to 6,000 strokes. SEM observation revealed that dentinal tubules of the FTLA treated specimens were completely occluded with fine deposits even after toothbrush abrasion of 6,000 strokes. EPMA analysis revealed that fluoride, lanthanum, and aluminum were the main FTLA components on the dentin surface after 6,000-stroke abrasion. To measure fluoride release from the FTLA components, a slurry was enclosed in a cellulose tube and suspended in deionized water at 37 degrees C. After fluoride was dialyzed against deionized water, a high concentration of fluoride was found to be released from FTLA the components, indicating FTLA treatment's prominent durability. These results suggested that FTLA treatment has a superior resistance against toothbrush abrasion and a high fluoride-releasing performance. These characteristics lend much weight to showing that the FTLA method is an effective and durable medicament for dentin hypersensitivity.  (+info)

Comparison of short-term in vitro fluoride release and recharge from four different types of pit-and-fissure sealants. (5/19)

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to assess the effects of four commercial fluoride-containing pit-and-fissure sealants on caries prevention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four sealants containing fluoride, Fuji III, Fuji III LC (GC Co., Tokyo), Teethmate F-1 (Kuraray Medical Co., Osaka) and Helioseal F (Vivadent Co., Liechtenstein) were used to investigate fluoride release and recharge. Disk-shaped specimens prepared from each material were immersed in distilled water at a temperature of 37 degrees C. After seven days, acidulated phosphate fluoride solution (APF) was applied to each specimen, and it was then again immersed in distilled water for 14 days. We then determined how much fluoride had been released into the immersing water. Fuji III LC was used with APF solution to investigate the fluoride uptake. RESULTS: Fuji III had the highest fluoride release, and Fuji III LC had the highest fluoride recharge. Helioseal F and Teethmate F-1 had almost no fluoride recharge. Fuji III LC/APF had a higher fluoride uptake to enamel than Fuji III LC. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that GIC-sealants in the oral cavity can serve as a fluoride reservoir and contribute to retaining a low fluoride level in oral fluids, thereby preventing caries.  (+info)

Use of vitamin C in delayed tooth replantation. (6/19)

This study evaluated microscopically the effects of root surface treatment with three different solutions in delayed rat teeth replantation. Central incisors from 30 rats (Rattus norvegicus, albinus Wistar) were extracted and left on a bench for 6 h. The pulps were extirpated and root canals were irrigated with 1% sodium hypochlorite. After endodontic treatment, the root surfaces of all teeth were submitted to a 10-min treatment with 1% sodium hypochlorite, changed every 5 min. The teeth were then rinsed with saline for 10 min and assigned to 3 groups with ten specimens each. Groups I, II and III were treated, respectively, with 2% acidulated-phosphate sodium fluoride, vitamin C solution and effervescent vitamin C (2 g, Redoxon. After root surface treatment, the teeth were filled with calcium hydroxide and replanted. The animals were sacrificed after 10 and 60 days. Group I (fluoride) presented the largest areas of replacement resorption and ankylosis. Comparing both vitamin C groups, Group III (effervescent vitamin C) yielded better results, showing more areas of ankylosis and replacement resorption than areas of inflammatory resorption.  (+info)

Corrosion behavior of pure titanium and titanium alloys in various concentrations of Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride (APF) solutions. (7/19)

The corrosion behaviors of Ti, Ti-6Al-7Nb and Ti-6Al-4V alloys, and an experimentally produced Ti-0.5Pt alloy in 0.05% to 2.0% concentrations of Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride (APF) solutions (corresponding to 226 to 9,050 ppm fluoride at pH 3.5 or 3.6) were examined. While the corrosion of Ti, Ti-6Al-7Nb and Ti-6Al-4V alloys might occur easily even in a diluted 0.05% APF solution, dissolution of Ti from the Ti-0.5Pt alloy was observed only in test solutions with APF concentration exceeding 0.2%. When Ti-6Al-7Nb and Ti-6Al-4V alloys were immersed in 2.0% APF solution, their surfaces were entirely covered by compact corrosion products of Na3TiF6 due to severe corrosion. As a result, Ti dissolution was prevented and the amount of Ti dissolved decreased. However, since Ti was covered by porous, large-sized corrosion products of Na3TiF6 and that Ti-0.5Pt alloy was not covered with any corrosion product, the amount of Ti dissolved increased in the 2.0% APF solution.  (+info)

Effect of APF gel application time on enamel demineralization and fluoride uptake in situ. (8/19)

 (+info)

APF, or Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride, is a dental product that contains fluoride ion in the form of sodium fluoride. It is used as a topical agent to prevent tooth decay by promoting remineralization and inhibiting demineralization of tooth enamel. The acidulated phosphate component helps to maintain a stable pH level and enhance fluoride absorption. It is typically applied in a dental office as a part of professional dental care.

Cariostatic agents are substances or medications that are used to prevent or inhibit the development and progression of dental caries, also known as tooth decay or cavities. These agents work by reducing the ability of bacteria in the mouth to produce acid, which can erode the enamel and dentin of the teeth and lead to cavities.

There are several types of cariostatic agents that are commonly used in dental care, including:

1. Fluorides: These are the most widely used and well-studied cariostatic agents. They work by promoting the remineralization of tooth enamel and making it more resistant to acid attacks. Fluoride can be found in toothpaste, mouthwashes, gels, varnishes, and fluoridated water supplies.
2. Antimicrobial agents: These substances work by reducing the population of bacteria in the mouth that contribute to tooth decay. Examples include chlorhexidine, triclosan, and xylitol.
3. Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP): This is a complex protein that has been shown to help remineralize tooth enamel and reduce the risk of dental caries. It can be found in some toothpastes and mouthwashes.
4. Silver diamine fluoride: This is a topical fluoride compound that contains silver ions, which have antimicrobial properties. It has been shown to be effective in preventing and arresting dental caries, particularly in high-risk populations such as young children and older adults with dry mouth.

It's important to note that while cariostatic agents can help reduce the risk of tooth decay, they are not a substitute for good oral hygiene practices such as brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and visiting the dentist regularly.

Topical fluorides are a form of fluoride that are applied directly to the teeth to prevent dental caries (cavities). They are available in various forms such as toothpastes, gels, foams, and varnishes. Topical fluorides work by strengthening the enamel of the teeth, making them more resistant to acid attacks caused by bacteria in the mouth. They can also help to reverse early signs of decay. Regular use of topical fluorides, especially in children during the years of tooth development, can provide significant protection against dental caries.

Fluorides are ionic compounds that contain the fluoride anion (F-). In the context of dental and public health, fluorides are commonly used in preventive measures to help reduce tooth decay. They can be found in various forms such as sodium fluoride, stannous fluoride, and calcium fluoride. When these compounds come into contact with saliva, they release fluoride ions that can be absorbed by tooth enamel. This process helps to strengthen the enamel and make it more resistant to acid attacks caused by bacteria in the mouth, which can lead to dental caries or cavities. Fluorides can be topically applied through products like toothpaste, mouth rinses, and fluoride varnishes, or systemically ingested through fluoridated water, salt, or supplements.

Phosphates, in a medical context, refer to the salts or esters of phosphoric acid. Phosphates play crucial roles in various biological processes within the human body. They are essential components of bones and teeth, where they combine with calcium to form hydroxyapatite crystals. Phosphates also participate in energy transfer reactions as phosphate groups attached to adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Additionally, they contribute to buffer systems that help maintain normal pH levels in the body.

Abnormal levels of phosphates in the blood can indicate certain medical conditions. High phosphate levels (hyperphosphatemia) may be associated with kidney dysfunction, hyperparathyroidism, or excessive intake of phosphate-containing products. Low phosphate levels (hypophosphatemia) might result from malnutrition, vitamin D deficiency, or certain diseases affecting the small intestine or kidneys. Both hypophosphatemia and hyperphosphatemia can have significant impacts on various organ systems and may require medical intervention.

Sodium fluoride is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula NaF. Medically, it is commonly used as a dental treatment to prevent tooth decay, as it is absorbed into the structure of teeth and helps to harden the enamel, making it more resistant to acid attacks from bacteria. It can also reduce the ability of bacteria to produce acid. Sodium fluoride is often found in toothpastes, mouth rinses, and various dental treatments. However, excessive consumption can lead to dental fluorosis and skeletal fluorosis, which cause changes in bone structure and might negatively affect health.

... discovery of acidulated phosphate fluoride in caries prevention". J Dent Res. 90 (8): 977-80. doi:10.1177/0022034511408614. ... Comparative Study of a Fluoride Dentifrice Containing Soluble Phosphate and a Calcium-Free Abrasive (Journal of the American ...
... neutral sodium fluoride and 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride. Acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel or foam comprises a ... Fluoride therapy typically uses the sodium fluoride form, though stannous fluoride may also be used. Fluoride decreases ... Fluoride can be delivered by many chemical methods (sodium fluoride, stannous fluoride, amine fluoride, monofluorophosphate, ... 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride gel or foam is used for patients without tooth-colored restorations, while 2.0% neutral ...
... acidulated phosphate fluoride MeSH D25.223.432 - fluorides, topical MeSH D25.223.716 - sodium fluoride MeSH D25.223.800 - tin ... zinc phosphate cement MeSH D25.339.312 - dental implants MeSH D25.339.334 - dental impression materials MeSH D25.339.334.574 - ... polyphloretin phosphate MeSH D25.720.830 - pyran copolymer MeSH D25.720.900 - siloxanes MeSH D25.720.900.850 - silicones MeSH ... fluorides MeSH D25.264.377 - dental porcelain MeSH D25.339.149 - composite resins MeSH D25.339.149.200 - bisphenol a-glycidyl ...
... fluorides, topical MeSH D01.303.350.300.875 - sodium fluoride MeSH D01.303.350.300.875.050 - acidulated phosphate fluoride MeSH ... phosphates MeSH D01.695.625.675.650.025 - acidulated phosphate fluoride MeSH D01.695.625.675.650.075 - calcium phosphates MeSH ... acidulated phosphate fluoride MeSH D01.875.350.850 - sulfides MeSH D01.875.350.850.150 - disulfides MeSH D01.875.350.850. ... fluorides MeSH D01.303.350.300.150 - calcium fluoride MeSH D01.303.350.300.512 - ...
APF has a low pH 3.5, enabling it to deliver fluoride at a faster rate into enamel than NSF with its pH of 7.0. Because APF is ... What is the difference between 1.23% APF (Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride) and 2.0% NSF (Neutral Sodium Fluoride) gel? Preventech ... APF has a low pH 3.5, enabling it to deliver fluoride at a faster rate into enamel than NSF with its pH of 7.0. Because APF is ...
Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride.. † Dental care is provided in a comprehensive, continuously accessible, coordinated, and family ... Clinical interventions, including dental sealants and fluoride (e.g., topical gels and varnishes and oral fluoride ... TABLE 1. Prevalence of dental visit and receipt of preventive services (topical fluoride, sealant, or both) among children and ... the professional application of 2.26 percent fluoride varnish or 1.23 percent (APF*) fluoride gel at least twice yearly (15). ...
Benediktsson S, Retief DH, Bradley EL, Switzer P. The effect of contact time of acidulated phosphate fluoride on fluoride ... fluoride (Z350 - Z) were evaluated. Acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF, 1.23%) was applied to half of the specimens (groups VF ... PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the influence of topical acidulated phosphate fluoride on the surface roughness of ... Kula K, Nelson S, Kula T, Thompson V. In vitro effect of acidulated phosphate fluoride gel on the surface of composites with ...
Staining potential of acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) foam on dental restorations in vitro. / Lin, David; Huang, Boyen. In ... Staining potential of acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) foam on dental restorations in vitro. In: Journal of Conservative ... Lin D, Huang B. Staining potential of acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) foam on dental restorations in vitro. Journal of ... keywords = "Acidulated phosphate fluoride, Composite resin, Glass ionomer cement, Staining",. author = "David Lin and Boyen ...
... discovery of acidulated phosphate fluoride in caries prevention". J Dent Res. 90 (8): 977-80. doi:10.1177/0022034511408614. ... Comparative Study of a Fluoride Dentifrice Containing Soluble Phosphate and a Calcium-Free Abrasive (Journal of the American ...
Categories: Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ...
Kolorz Sixty Sexond Fluoride Foam is a fluoride protection for the enamel surface. ... Kolorz Sixty Second Fluoride Foam. Formulated for enamel protection. *Acidulated phosphate formula with 1.23% fluoride ion ... The acidulated phosphate formula contains just the right percentage of Fluoride Ion - 1.23% to be exact. ... Dental hygiene never tasted so great! Patients love the smooth foam consistency of Kolorz Sixty Second Fluoride Foam. Contains ...
The effect of different etching times of acidulated phosphate fluoride gel on the shear bond strength of high-leucite ceramics ... STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: A 10-minute treatment with acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel has been used as an alternative in ... Acid Etching, Dental/methods, Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride/chemistry, Aluminum Silicates/chemistry, Ceramics/chemistry, ...
Corrosion behavior of pure titanium and titanium alloys in various concentrations of Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride (APF) ... 31-32 High fluoride concentrate of , 3.0 sodium fluoride combined with a low pH will remove the oxide layer on implants and can ... Effect of fluoride concentration and pH on corrosion behavior of titanium for dental use. J Dent Res 1999:78(9): 1568-1572. ... For added protection, apply an antimicrobial varnish with no fluoride (such as Cervitec Plus, Ivoclar Vivadent) to protect at- ...
An overview of the many ways fluoride is used topically and systemically for individual and public oral health. ... fluoride (acidulated phosphate fluoride) gel, or a prescription-strength, home-use 0.5% fluoride gel or paste or 0.09% fluoride ... sodium fluoride varnish, 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride gel, and 5,000 parts per million fluoride (1.1% sodium fluoride) ... include gels of acidulated phosphate fluoride (1.23% [12,300 ppm] fluoride), as 2% neutral sodium fluoride products (containing ...
Sodium Fluoride Acidulated. Phosphate Solution. IDEAL PROTECTION WHILE WEARING BRACES ✓. ORTHODONTIST RECOMMENDED ✓. HELPS ... sodium fluoride 0.02 % (fluoride ion 0.009 % ) Oral Rinse. SY. 4. 313029. sodium fluoride 0.02 % (fluoride ion 0.01 % ) Oral ... SODIUM FLUORIDE (UNII: 8ZYQ1474W7) (FLUORIDE ION - UNII:Q80VPU408O) FLUORIDE ION. 2 mg in 10 mL. ... COLGATE PHOS-FLUR ORTHO DEFENSE ALCOHOL FREE ANTICAVITY MINT FLUORIDE- sodium fluoride rinse. If this SPL contains inactivated ...
... and the corrosion behavior of Ti-6Al-4V alloy has been examined by immersing the alloy in acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) ... Local Electronic and Atomic Structure of Ce3+-Containing Fluoride/Oxide Determined by TEM-EELS and First-Principles ... Relationship between Hydrogen Absorption and Corrosion Behavior of Ti-6Al-4V Alloy Immersed in Acidic Fluoride Solutions ... Main factors determining the emission wavelength of the fluoride and Ce-doped oxides were discussed. ...
Is the appropriate interval for fluoride varnish application among patients at average or slightly elevated caries risk every 3 ... neutral sodium fluoride (NaF) varnish and 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel. The APF gel is administered in trays ... What Are the Recommendations for Fluoride Varnish Application? Is the appropriate interval for fluoride varnish application ... She is the author of the fluorides chapter in the 9th to 11th editions and co-author in the 12th edition of Wilkins The ...
Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride- APF; Untreated - control) during the performance of erosive cycles. Surfaces were analyzed with ... ß-tricalcium phosphate [TCP]), Bioglass (BIOG; bioactive glass), and DM Bone® (DMB; hydroxyapatite and ß-TCP) in vivo. Sixty- ... β-tricalcium phosphate [TCP]), Bioglass (BIOG; bioactive glass), and DM Bone® (DMB; hydroxyapatite and β-TCP) in vivo. Sixty- ... The FT-Raman shows no differences for the phosphate (p > 0.05), but a difference is observed for the carbonate and C-H bonds. ...
0.4% Stannous fluoride gel. * Avoid Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride. *Single, daily brush-on application of 5000 ppm fluoride may ... Custom trays for daily fluoride application (for LIFE) *1.1% Neutral sodium. * ...
Pengaruh Aplikasi Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride terhadap Perubahan Kekerasan Permukaan Fissure Sealant Berbasis Resin. Abstract ...
CG Tooth Mousse, Acidulated phosphate fluoride, Enamel Demineralization, Microhardness. Sann M Rashid, Aisha A Qasim ...
... acidulated phosphate fluoride. 19,300 PPM: Alginate Impression Material. Unexpectedly, that pasty stuff that dentists use to ... We are now surrounded by toothpastes with fluoride, mouth rinses with fluoride, and floss that is coated in fluoride. Fluoride ... Fluoride Supplement Dosage Schedule Do All Children Need Fluoride Supplements?. Even if your water does not contain fluoride, ... 226 PPM: Fluoride Mouth Wash. 226 PPM is the maximum allowable fluoride concentration available in over the counter fluoride ...
Fluoride is added to public drinking water to prevent tooth decay. Children who do not drink fluorinated public water because ... their homes use water from a private well often take fluoride tablets to prevent tooth decay. Fluoride is ad ... Overview Fluoride is a form of the chemical element fluorine. It is used as medicine. ... Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride, Amine Fluoride, Ammonium Fluoride, Atomic number 9. How Does It Work?. Fluoride protects teeth ...
And with an acidulated phosphate formulation of 1.23% fluoride ion, protection is instantaneous and easy. The gel forms a ... Youre reviewing: Kolorz 60 Second Fluoride Gel. Your Rating. Rating. 1 star 2 stars 3 stars 4 stars 5 stars ... Our Kolorz Sixty Second Fluoride Gel has a thixotropic formula that will not run under bite pressure. The five great tasting ...
The impact CO2 laser treatment and acidulated phosphate fluoride on enamel demineralization and biofilm formation. Journal of ... The impact CO2 laser treatment and acidulated phosphate fluoride on enamel demineralization and biofilm formation (2019) ... The impact CO2 laser treatment and acidulated phosphate fluoride on enamel demineralization and biofilm formation [Internet]. ... The impact CO2 laser treatment and acidulated phosphate fluoride on enamel demineralization and biofilm formation [Internet]. ...
STIM Best flurosid mouthwash price is an Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride mouthwash with a refreshing lime flavour. It is ... STIM Best flurosid mouthwash price is an Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride mouthwash with a refreshing lime flavour. It is ...
History and in-depth information on Fluoride. Pros and potential cons. What do you think? ... Examples include aqueous solutions of sodium fluoride and stannous fluoride, low pH solutions such as the acidulated phosphate ... The most relevant inorganic Fluorides are Hydrogen fluoride, Calcium fluoride, and Sodium fluoride. ... Fluoride (F) therapy is the delivery of fluoride to teeth, either topically or systematically, in order to protect them from ...
... chlorhexidine fluoride mouthwash on shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets: A comparative study ... Effect of fluoridated casein phospopeptide-amorphous-calcium phosphate complex, ... Effect of acidulated phosphate fluoride and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate application on shear bond ... Casein phosphopeptides derived from the major milk protein have the ability to stabilize calcium, phosphate and fluoride ions ...
Although most of the uranium initially present in phosphate rock is dissolved when the rock is acidulated to produce phosphoric ... of fluoride in soft phosphate, concentrated superphosphate, and diammonium phosphate is more similar to sodium fluoride than to ... When soft phosphate, concentrated superphosphate, and diammonium phosphate were tested at 100, 200, and 400 ppm fluoride, ... When 40 ppm fluoride as sodium fluoride was given for 2 days, inappetence resulted, whereas 2,400 ppm fluoride as calcium ...
... followed by diamine silver fluoride and acidulated phosphate fluoride during pH cycling. Chu et al.[25] conducted an in-situ ... Fluoride Varnish (VOCO pro-fluoride varnish) (manufactured by VOCO, The Dentalists), silver diamine fluoride (e-SDF) ( ... Ainoosah et al.[16] noted that fluoride varnish caused less enamel surface loss compared to SDF, potassium fluoride, silver ... Keywords: Demineralization resistance, silver diamine fluoride, sodium fluoride varnish, surface microhardness. How to cite ...
G7.700.345.110 Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride D1.29.260.700.675.374.25 Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans B3.440.450.09.50 ... D2.948.681 Phosphates D1.29.260.700.675.374 Phosphofructokinase-2 D8.811.641.843 Phosphoramides D1.29.260.700.675.374.425 ... J2.500.512.400.125 Calcium Phosphates D1.29.260.700.675.374.75 Calcium Pyrophosphate D1.29.260.700.675.374.75.150 D1.29.260.700 ... D12.125.119.409.349 Glycerol-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (NAD+) D8.811.682.47.820.293 Glycosylceramidase D8.811.277.450.410.100. ...
  • Research shows that using a toothpaste containing fluoride in the form of stannous fluoride can reduce the amount of plaque build-up on teeth. (supplemented.co.uk)
  • Research shows that using a toothpaste containing fluoride in the form of stannous fluoride can reduce bleeding and swelling of the gums. (supplemented.co.uk)
  • Brushing the teeth 1-2 minutes two times a day with a toothpaste containing stannous fluoride has been used. (supplemented.co.uk)
  • Examples include aqueous solutions of sodium fluoride and stannous fluoride, low pH solutions such as the acidulated phosphate fluoride system. (dentistofnaples.com)
  • Some prescription fluoride mouthwashes that contain stannous fluoride have a concentration of 970 PPM. (oralanswers.com)
  • Stannous Fluoride Topical Solution. (oralanswers.com)
  • Although this isn't used as much as the fluoride gels and varnishes, some dentists do apply topical stannous fluoride to their patients. (oralanswers.com)
  • a. 8% stannous fluoride gel. (remixeducation.in)
  • d. 0.1% stannous fluoride rinse. (remixeducation.in)
  • 1994). In addition to industrial effluent and natural releases (e.g., weathering of rocks and runoff from soil), fluorides are released into surface water in municipal waste water as a result of water fluoridation. (cdc.gov)
  • The ADA recognizes the use of fluoride and community water fluoridation as safe and effective in preventing tooth decay for both children and adults. (ada.org)
  • When used as directed or within the context of community water fluoridation programs, fluoride is a safe and effective agent that can be used to prevent and control dental caries. (ada.org)
  • Community water fluoridation is the process of adjusting the fluoride content of fluoride-deficient water to the recommended level for optimal dental health, which is currently recommended at 0.7 parts fluoride per million parts water. (ada.org)
  • 1 Modes of systemic fluoride delivery include water fluoridation or dietary fluoride supplements in the form of tablets, drops, or lozenges. (ada.org)
  • While it is believed that water fluoridation does reduce tooth decay, there are many areas of the United States that don't have fluoride added to their water. (oralanswers.com)
  • In the same decade that water fluoridation commenced, people in non-fluoridated areas wondered how their children could reap the the benefits of fluoride if their water supply was not yet fluoridated. (oralanswers.com)
  • Extensive evidence proved that fluoride toothpastes and water fluoridation reduce dental caries. (dentistofnaples.com)
  • Fluoride and water fluoridation in dentistry were classified as one of the 10 most important public health measures of the 20th century. (dentistofnaples.com)
  • If you live in a community with water fluoridation and you brush your teeth with fluoridated toothpaste, you may want to consult with your dentist on whether or not the extra fluoride will do any good. (oralanswers.com)
  • Previous studies have reported that fluoride or casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) recovered the damaged enamel surface and prevented staining [ 9 - 14 ]. (opendentistryjournal.com)
  • The aim of the current study was to determine the effects of casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium-phosphate (CPP-ACP) complex, chlorhexidine fluoride mouthwash on shear bond strengths (SBSs) of orthodontic brackets. (apospublications.com)
  • Fluoride, in toothpaste, mouthwash, and other dental products, reduces the formation of cavities in both baby teeth and permanent teeth. (supplemented.co.uk)
  • Toothpaste, mouthwash, and gels containing fluoride have been used. (supplemented.co.uk)
  • STIM Best flurosid mouthwash price is an Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride mouthwash with a refreshing lime flavour. (medineeds.in)
  • These were further equally divided into three subgroups - (1) control (2) CPP-ACP (3) chlorhexidine fluoride mouthwash. (apospublications.com)
  • CPP-ACP, chlorhexidine fluoride mouthwash did not adversely affect SBS of orthodontic brackets irrespective of the method of conditioning. (apospublications.com)
  • Fluoride comes in many forms for patients to use over the counter, as well as many forms for professionals to use in the op, including toothpaste, mouthwash, pills, foams, gels and varnish. (youngdental.com)
  • Fluoride foam, on the other hand, is less effective at fighting S. mutans than a simple chlorhexidine mouthwash," according to Today's RDH. (youngdental.com)
  • He wanted to know if there was really that much more fluoride in the dentist's gel than is in his toothpaste and fluoride mouthwash. (oralanswers.com)
  • Fluoride Mouth Wash. 226 PPM is the maximum allowable fluoride concentration available in over the counter fluoride mouthwashes (0.05% NaF), such as ACT Restoring Mouthwash . (oralanswers.com)
  • Prescription Fluoride Mouthwash. (oralanswers.com)
  • 910 PPM is an acceptable concentration for prescription-strength fluoride mouthwash. (oralanswers.com)
  • If you don't want to spend the money on fluoride mouthwash, you can get the same cavity-fighting effect by simply brushing longer so that the toothpaste remains in contact with your teeth for more time. (oralanswers.com)
  • 2003). However, the number of sites evaluated for fluorides, hydrogen fluoride, and fluorine is not known. (cdc.gov)
  • Volcanoes also emit hydrogen fluoride and some fluorine gas. (cdc.gov)
  • Fluorine is a highly reactive element and readily hydrolyzes to form hydrogen fluoride and oxygen. (cdc.gov)
  • Hydrogen fluoride reacts with many materials both in the vapor phase and in aerosols. (cdc.gov)
  • Marine aerosols also release small amounts of gaseous hydrogen fluoride and fluoride salts into the air (Friend 1989). (cdc.gov)
  • Anthropogenic fluoride emissions include the combustion of fluorine- containing materials, which releases hydrogen fluoride, as well as particulate fluorides, into the air. (cdc.gov)
  • Coal contains small amounts of fluorine, and coal-fired power plants constitute the largest source of anthropogenic hydrogen fluoride emissions. (cdc.gov)
  • both emit hydrogen fluoride and particulate fluorides (EPA 1998b). (cdc.gov)
  • Hydrogen fluoride would also be released by municipal incinerators as a consequence of the presence of fluoride-containing material in the waste stream. (cdc.gov)
  • Hydrogen fluoride is one of the 189 chemicals listed as a hazardous air pollutant (HAP) in Title III, Section 112 of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. (cdc.gov)
  • In the atmosphere, gaseous hydrogen fluoride will be absorbed by atmospheric water (rain, clouds, fog, snow) forming an aerosol or fog of aqueous hydrofluoric acid. (cdc.gov)
  • It also is used to etch glass in the form of hydrogen fluoride. (supplemented.co.uk)
  • The most relevant inorganic Fluorides are Hydrogen fluoride, Calcium fluoride, and Sodium fluoride. (dentistofnaples.com)
  • The noxious gases that could be encountered during the manufacture of fertilizer were hydrogen-fluoride (7664-39-3) and hydrogen-sulfide. (fluoridealert.org)
  • Hydrogen-fluoride and hydrogen-sulfide gases evolved during the production of phosphoric-acid since the phosphate rock contained both fluoride and sulfide. (fluoridealert.org)
  • 3-5 Fluoride remineralizes the calcium hydroxyapatite structure in enamel by forming calcium fluorapatite, which is more resistant to acid attacks. (ada.org)
  • Clinical interventions, including dental sealants and fluoride (e.g., topical gels and varnishes and oral fluoride supplementation) are effective in preventing and controlling tooth decay. (cdc.gov)
  • American Dental Association Council on Scientific Affairs states that fluoride-containing varnishes typically contain 5% NaF, which is equivalent to 2.26% or 22,600 ppm fluoride ion. (youngdental.com)
  • Another potential benefit is the higher concentration of fluoride that varnishes contain when compared to foams," according to Today's RDH. (youngdental.com)
  • The effect of bleaching treatments containing added calcium and combined with neutral or acidic fluoride gels on tooth enamel was investigated in vitro through Knoop microhardness (KHN) and surface roughness (SR) measurements. (opendentistryjournal.com)
  • This study evaluated the effect of neutral and acidulated phosphate fluoride on Knoop microhardness (KHN) and SR of enamel bleached using 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP) with and without added calcium. (opendentistryjournal.com)
  • The group treated with fluoride varnish exhibited the highest mean enamel microhardness, measuring 251.80 ± 56.10. (jioh.org)
  • Topical fluoride for caries prevention: Executive summary of the updated clinical recommendations and supporting systemic review. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • Maguire A. ADA clinical recommendations on topical fluoride for caries prevention. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • How does fluoride act in dental caries prevention? (dentistofnaples.com)
  • Thus, the multiple pathways to the development of dental caries make it difficult to accurately ascertain the contribution of fluoride ingestion to dental caries prevention. (fluoridationaustralia.com)
  • and silver diamine fluoride. (ada.org)
  • The work done here aims to compare the outcomes of using topical fluoride therapy and silver diamine fluoride (SDF) on deciduous tooth enamel. (jioh.org)
  • Systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials also have found that professional or professionally supervised application of fluoride gel prevents more than one quarter of decay in permanent teeth ( 13 ) and professional application of fluoride varnish prevents one third of decay in primary teeth and almost half of decay in permanent teeth ( 14 ). (cdc.gov)
  • While it's unlikely that increased application of fluoride varnish will cause harm, it should be discussed with patients to learn more about their treatment goals, ability to pay for additional applications, and feasibility of returning to the office for multiple appointments. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • This scholarly article from the journal Pediatric Dentistry states, "Although fluoride crosses the placenta, prescribing fluoride supplements to pregnant women is not recommended because there is little evidence that fluoride provided to the mother during pregnancy reduces caries prevalence in their offspring. (oralanswers.com)
  • This guideline from the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry states, "The AAPD does not support the use of prenatal fluoride supplements to benefit the fetus. (oralanswers.com)
  • This article briefly addresses the fluoride's issue in dentistry, its use and dosage, and possible hazards due to excess fluoride. (dentistofnaples.com)
  • In the book Fluoride in Dentistry , Ole Fejerskov states, "Fluoride-containing mouth gels may be applied, usually by the dental professional once yearly, to individuals living in communities with low concentrations of fluoride in the water supply. (oralanswers.com)
  • However, there are additional sources of fluoride in the environment which can occur naturally, or as result of industrial process. (dentistofnaples.com)
  • The authors suggested that the National Research Council recommendation of a level of 30 ppm maximum dietary fluoride 'may be too high for high producing dairy cattle fed phosphate sources of fluoride. (fluoridealert.org)
  • Risk factors for tooth decay include recent history of cavities, low fluoride exposure, and living in a low-income household ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • If your child is at low risk of developing cavities, then fluoride supplements are inappropriate whether or not your family's drinking water is fluoridated. (oralanswers.com)
  • While fluoride can help prevent cavities in high-risk children, it's important to remember that cavities aren't caused by a deficiency in fluoride. (oralanswers.com)
  • At that time, Dean suggested that a water supply fluoride concentration of about 1mg/L or 1 part per million (1ppm) (roughly equivalent to a grain of salt in a gallon of water) will be associated with substantially fewer cavities. (dentistofnaples.com)
  • Fluoride, a naturally-occurring mineral, helps prevent cavities in children and adults by making the outer surface of your teeth (enamel) more resistant to the acid attacks that cause tooth decay. (youngdental.com)
  • Dental sealants play an important role in preventing the onset and the development of dental cavities Even if the "fluoride-releasing resin sealants" are better than "glass ionomer", with regards to retention of the material, the literature shows that their effectiveness in preventing fissure caries in permanent molars does not differ significantly over 24 months. (dentalmedjournal.it)
  • Since the dental community has worked so hard to get fluoride in the public water supply to help prevent cavities, I figured I would add water into this list. (oralanswers.com)
  • 6 years the professional application of 2.26 percent fluoride varnish at least twice yearly and for at-risk children aged ≥6 years, the professional application of 2.26 percent fluoride varnish or 1.23 percent (APF* ) fluoride gel at least twice yearly ( 15 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The current evidence-based recommendation is to apply fluoride varnish at least every 3 months to 6 months. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • Trials were performed in which dietary fluoride supplements were administered to children in order to determine if they could receive fluoride's anti-cavity effects in pill form. (oralanswers.com)
  • Systemic fluorides also provide topical protection because fluoride is present in saliva, which continually bathes the teeth. (ada.org)
  • It is possible that fluoride contributes to the repair of microstructural defects through the adsorption and precipitation of calcium and phosphate present in saliva [ 15 ]. (opendentistryjournal.com)
  • Commonly used fluoride gels include acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF), which contain 1.23 percent or 12,300 parts per million (ppm) fluoride ion, and 2 percent sodium fluoride (NaF), which contain 0.90 percent or 9,050 ppm fluoride ion. (youngdental.com)
  • Many bottled waters on the market do not contain optimal levels of fluoride. (ada.org)
  • A potential risk of fluoride use is the development of fluorosis, which may occur when excess levels of fluoride are ingested during tooth development. (ada.org)
  • Fluoride Toothpaste. (ada.org)
  • Fluoride-containing toothpaste is the most commonly used form of self-applied fluoride worldwide. (ada.org)
  • 3 Fluoride in toothpaste is taken up directly by the dental plaque and demineralized enamel and also increases the concentration of fluoride in saliva. (ada.org)
  • 3 Fluoride toothpaste makes up more than 95% of toothpaste sales in the U.S. 2 The American Dental Association recommends use of a fluoride toothpaste displaying the ADA Seal of Acceptance. (ada.org)
  • Fluoride is added to toothpaste and mouthwashes so it can be applied directly to the teeth to reduce the formation of a sticky plaque on the teeth, preventing the swelling of gums and tooth decay. (supplemented.co.uk)
  • F can be provided either systematically (in water, salt, and milk) or locally (use of topical fluoride such as toothpaste, gel, varnish and mouth rinse). (dentistofnaples.com)
  • In the 1990's most toothpaste in the United States had only 1000 PPM of fluoride. (oralanswers.com)
  • Do you have any questions, comments, or concerns about the amount of fluoride in dental products? (oralanswers.com)
  • 5. Which is the maximum amount of fluoride a container of prescription fluoride supplements should contain? (remixeducation.in)
  • The re-enamelization (remineralization) of tooth enamel requires the enzyme adenosine diphosphatase , as well as supplemental calcium and phosphate in the diet. (fluoridationaustralia.com)
  • This study suggested aesthetic implications when applying fluorides to restored teeth. (edu.au)
  • Topical fluorides strengthen teeth already present in the mouth, making them more decay resistant, while systemic fluorides are those that are ingested and become incorporated into forming tooth structures. (ada.org)
  • 1, 3 Topical fluorides strengthen teeth already present in the mouth, making them more decay resistant. (ada.org)
  • They banned them from making claims that fluoride would benefit unborn babies' teeth due to a lack of clinical evidence to substantiate that claim. (oralanswers.com)
  • The answer is no - there is no evidence that taking fluoride supplements during pregnancy helps improve the baby's chances of having healthier teeth. (oralanswers.com)
  • Although 50 years ago many people thought that taking fluoride supplements during pregnancy was good for their baby's teeth, it turns out that modern science has debunked that myth. (oralanswers.com)
  • Fluoride protects teeth from the bacteria in plaque. (supplemented.co.uk)
  • Fluoride (F) therapy is the delivery of fluoride to teeth, either topically or systematically, in order to protect them from dental caries. (dentistofnaples.com)
  • 1. Fluoride becomes incorporated into the hydroxyapatite crystals of teeth, rendering them more resistant to acid attack. (dentistofnaples.com)
  • Foam and gel fluoride applications are put in a foam tray and then the patient will have the fluoride sit on their teeth for 4 minutes. (youngdental.com)
  • Home / DENTISTS & FLUORIDE / FLUORIDATION AND TEETH. (fluoridationaustralia.com)
  • Fluoride destroys 66 of the 83 known enzymes and is thus a blocker to teeth re-enamelization. (fluoridationaustralia.com)
  • My brother was at the dentist a few days ago and he was wondering if it was worth it to have his dentist apply a fluoride gel to his teeth. (oralanswers.com)
  • The reason that it helps your teeth is because it contains so much fluoride - it's made up of 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride. (oralanswers.com)
  • Unexpectedly, that pasty stuff that dentists use to take impressions of your teeth contains a lot of fluoride! (oralanswers.com)
  • Fluoride varnish is painted on your teeth, similarly to how nail polish is painted on your nails. (oralanswers.com)
  • 1 The remineralization effect of fluoride can both reverse the early decay process as well as create a tooth surface that is more resistant to decay. (ada.org)
  • 3, 5, 6 Topical fluorides encourage remineralization of enamel, and also inhibit bacterial metabolism, reducing the growth of plaque bacteria. (ada.org)
  • The use of fluoride is important in the remineralization of tooth enamel [ 21 , 24 , 32 , 34 ], and fluoride therapy could reduce the deleterious effects of bleaching agents. (opendentistryjournal.com)
  • Furthermore, remineralization of the dentine underneath the enamel requires calcium, phosphate and adenosine diphosphatase. (fluoridationaustralia.com)
  • The US National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Institute of Medicine has recommended an adequate intake of fluoride from all sources as 0.05 mg F/Kg body weight/day. (dentistofnaples.com)
  • c. 0.05% sodium fluoride rinse. (remixeducation.in)
  • Should Pregnant Women Take Fluoride Supplements? (oralanswers.com)
  • There is no reason to take fluoride supplements during pregnancy. (oralanswers.com)
  • Children who do not drink fluorinated public water because their homes use water from a private well often take fluoride tablets to prevent tooth decay. (supplemented.co.uk)
  • To prevent dental caries in areas where the fluoride level in drinking water is less than 0.3 ppm (such as in well water), some children should take fluoride supplements as follows: 0.25 mg daily in children 6 months to 3 years, 0.5 mg daily in children 3-6 years, and 1 mg daily in children 6-16 years. (supplemented.co.uk)
  • For children living in areas where the fluoride level in drinking water is 0.3 to 0.6 ppm, some children should take fluoride supplements as follows: 0.25 mg daily for children 3-6 years and 0.5 mg daily for children 6-16 years. (supplemented.co.uk)
  • 2. Which method is best for providing populations with systemic fluoride? (remixeducation.in)
  • 4. When fluoridation of school water systems is used to provide systemic fluoride, which is the recommended fluoride concentration? (remixeducation.in)
  • The mean surface roughness (Ra) of both the restorative materials and enamel, with and without fluoride, was evaluated with a profilometer. (bvsalud.org)
  • It was concluded that APF increased the surface roughness of enamel and decreased the surface roughness of both resin-modified glass-ionomer cement and microhybrid composite resin with fluoride. (bvsalud.org)
  • However, milk and edible tissue from animals fed high levels of fluorides do not appear to contain elevated fluoride concentrations (NAS 1971a). (cdc.gov)
  • Superphosphate and its effect on bone fluoride concentrations in sheep. (fluoridealert.org)
  • Another study has also looked at the fluoride concentrations in alginate impression material and came up with similar results. (oralanswers.com)
  • Fluoride is a mineral that is found in all natural water sources. (ada.org)
  • Fluoride taken by mouth, either every day or cyclically (some months on and then some months off) might increase bone mineral density, which is an indicator of bone strength. (supplemented.co.uk)
  • Bleaching agents used in the absence of calcium and fluoride ions caused greater mineral loss from the enamel surface [ 32 ], and further research on the benefits of adding calcium to bleaching agents is necessary. (opendentistryjournal.com)
  • Severe dental fluorosis and exostoses of etatarsal bones led to the discovery that mineral suppements containing up to 6300 ppm of fluoride and protein supplements containing up to 1088 ppm fluoride consumed by the cows were responsible for this epidemic. (fluoridealert.org)
  • The mineral magnesium ammonium phosphate with the formula NH4MgPO4. (nih.gov)
  • Fluoride supplements can be prescribed for children ages 6 months to 16 years who are at high risk for tooth decay and whose primary drinking water has a low fluoride concentration. (ada.org)
  • Systemic fluorides are those that are ingested and become incorporated into forming tooth structures. (ada.org)
  • The American Dental Association states that fluoride supplements are intended for use by children "living in non-fluoridated areas and at high risk of developing tooth decay. (oralanswers.com)
  • Fluoride is added to public drinking water to prevent tooth decay. (supplemented.co.uk)
  • Our null hypotheses were that neither the pH of the fluoride gel nor the presence of added calcium would affect KHN or SR of tooth enamel bleached with HP. (opendentistryjournal.com)
  • These findings suggest that topical fluoride therapy in the form of varnish is more successful in preventing dental caries in deciduous tooth enamel when compared to treatment with SDF. (jioh.org)
  • Once varnish is applied, the tooth absorbs the fluoride it needs during the uptake period, which can last several hours (in some cases up to 24 hours). (youngdental.com)
  • Fluoride varnish is a dental treatment that can help prevent tooth decay, slow it down, or stop it from getting worse. (youngdental.com)
  • Fluoride varnish is safe and used by dentists and doctors all over the world to help prevent tooth decay in children. (youngdental.com)
  • The fluoride uptake has stopped at this point, and fluoride is only being absorbed into the tooth while the tray is on. (youngdental.com)
  • 3. Fluoride interferes with metabolic pathways of bacteria, thus reducing acid. (dentistofnaples.com)
  • Do All Children Need Fluoride Supplements? (oralanswers.com)
  • Even if your water does not contain fluoride, your child may not need fluoride supplements. (oralanswers.com)
  • Do you have any questions about fluoride supplements? (oralanswers.com)
  • You may be wondering what we've figured out in the past 50 years about taking fluoride supplements during pregnancy. (oralanswers.com)
  • Since fluoride supplements taken by the mother can cross the placenta, there is a chance that the well-meaning mother-to-be could actually cause their baby to get dental fluorosis . (oralanswers.com)
  • Here's three different credible sources that all agree that there is no benefit derived from taking fluoride supplements during pregnancy. (oralanswers.com)
  • Do you have any questions or thoughts regarding fluoride supplements and pregnancy? (oralanswers.com)
  • What is the difference between 1.23% APF (Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride) and 2.0% NSF (Neutral Sodium Fluoride) gel? (preventech.com)
  • The ADA Council on Scientific Affairs recommendations are based on a systematic review of the literature that includes two types of professionally applied fluorides: 5% neutral sodium fluoride (NaF) varnish and 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • The specimens were divided into 12 groups and subjected to a bleaching agent with hydrogen peroxide 35% (Whiteness HP 35% Maxx, FGM) or hydrogen peroxide 35% with calcium (Whiteness HP 35% Blue Calcium, FGM) and a fluoride treatment flugel acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) or flugel neutral fluoride (NF). (opendentistryjournal.com)
  • Would applying varnish every 72 hours to 2 weeks be too much fluoride exposure? (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • I'm sure many oral health professionals have considered providing multiple fluoride varnish applications within a short period but are unsure if the additional exposure will provide further benefits. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • With exposure to excessive fluoride as a child, dental fluorosis gets worse throughout a person's life. (remixeducation.in)
  • Resin-modified glass ionomer (Vitremer - V), microhybrid composite resin with fluoride (Tetric Ceram - T), and nanofiller composite resin without fluoride (Z350 - Z) were evaluated. (bvsalud.org)
  • In 2013, the American Dental Association (ADA) updated its recommendations on the use of professional and at-home prescription topical fluorides. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • For example, for a patient at high caries risk who lives in another country where there is little access to dental care and the patient is only in the United States for 3 weeks, weekly fluoride applications may be indicated. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • After this trial period, the American Dental Association (ADA) came up with the very first fluoride dosage schedule in 1958 . (oralanswers.com)
  • Unfortunately, many children started getting dental fluorosis , and as a result, the amount of recommended fluoride was gradually reduced. (oralanswers.com)
  • What can be said is that the balance of evidence suggests that Fluoride, when properly used, offers a safe and effective route to better dental health. (dentistofnaples.com)
  • One of the most efficient elements in prevention of dental decay is Fluoride. (dentistofnaples.com)
  • Fluoride reduces the incidence of dental caries and slows or reverses the progression of existing ones. (dentistofnaples.com)
  • Fluoride has made enormous contribution to declines in dental caries over the past 80 years. (dentistofnaples.com)
  • Dental professionals often struggle just to get parents and patients to accept a fluoride treatment, never mind then having to decide which type of fluoride is best for that patient. (youngdental.com)
  • The sign of fluoride over-dose, dental fluorosis is now pandemic in fluoridated areas. (fluoridationaustralia.com)
  • How Much Fluoride Is In Fluoride Gel and Other Dental Products? (oralanswers.com)
  • I told him that there is a lot more fluoride in the professionally-applied gels than there is in his home dental care products. (oralanswers.com)
  • After answering his question, I thought that other people may be interested in how much fluoride there is in different dental products. (oralanswers.com)
  • As you can see, there is a lot of fluoride in many of the dental products that are out there. (oralanswers.com)
  • 1. Fluoride therapy affects which biologic factor of dental caries? (remixeducation.in)
  • Recommendations for using fluoride to prevent and control dental caries in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • 3. Wiegand A, Buchalla W, Attin T. Review on fluoride-releasing restorative materials - fluoride release and uptake characteristics, antibacterial activity and influence on caries formation. (bvsalud.org)
  • 8. Which abrasive agent used in dentifrices interferes with fluoride efficacy? (remixeducation.in)
  • Let's talk about fluoride foams and gels versus fluoride varnish and see what makes the most sense for certain clientele. (youngdental.com)
  • When it comes to foams and varnish, how do these two fluoride methods stack up? (youngdental.com)
  • Kolorz Sixty Sexond Fluoride Foam. (dmg-america.com)
  • Patients love the smooth foam consistency of Kolorz Sixty Second Fluoride Foam. (dmg-america.com)
  • Our Kolorz Sixty Second Fluoride Gel has a thixotropic formula that will not run under bite pressure. (healthcaresupply.com)
  • Fluoride can be delivered topically and systemically. (ada.org)
  • Self-applied topical fluorides include toothpastes, mouthrinses, and gels. (ada.org)
  • In conclusion, this study determined that the fluoride varnish group demonstrated a more effective resistance to enamel demineralization compared to the SDF group. (jioh.org)
  • Fluoride is a crucial treatment needed for children and adults to help reduce decay and maintain a healthy mouth. (youngdental.com)
  • Usually dentists only give children fluoride gel at routine appointments, however adults may benefit from fluoride treatment. (oralanswers.com)
  • Dentists should also be able to determine the best choice between the different sealant materials of the two main categories, resin-based and glass ionomer sealants, with regard to their different properties, such as caries' preventive effect, fluoride release and retention rate. (dentalmedjournal.it)
  • Acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF, 1.23%) was applied to half of the specimens (groups VF, TF, ZF and EF). (bvsalud.org)
  • Control specimens were submitted to bleaching treatments without fluoride. (opendentistryjournal.com)
  • The specimens were then randomly assigned to three groups, each comprising twenty samples: the control group (C) treated with distilled and deionized water, the fluoridated varnish group (V) treated with fluoride varnish, and the SDF group treated with SDF solution. (jioh.org)
  • 1 Modes of topical fluoride delivery include toothpastes, gels, mouthrinses, and professionally applied fluoride therapies. (ada.org)
  • Fifty years ago you could have walked into a pharmacy and seen fluoride drops that were specifically targeted toward pregnant women. (oralanswers.com)
  • The packages claimed that fluoride drops, when taken during pregnancy would help keep their children cavity-free. (oralanswers.com)
  • Fluoride toothpastes available over the counter in the U.S. generally contain a fluoride concentration of 1,000 to 1,500 ppm. (ada.org)
  • Most toothpastes are now at 1500 PPM of fluoride. (oralanswers.com)
  • Children younger than 6, however, should only receive the 5% NaF varnish application due to the risk of adverse effects-particularly nausea and vomiting-associated with swallowing excess amounts of fluoride gel. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • To make the amounts more clear, I will talk about fluoride concentration in parts per million in this article. (oralanswers.com)
  • However, it's not clear whether taking fluoride actually reduces the chance of weak bones breaking. (supplemented.co.uk)