Food Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a food or its container or wrapper. The concept includes ingredients, NUTRITIONAL VALUE, directions, warnings, and other relevant information.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Schools: Educational institutions.Thinking: Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.Truth Disclosure: Truthful revelation of information, specifically when the information disclosed is likely to be psychologically painful ("bad news") to the recipient (e.g., revelation to a patient or a patient's family of the patient's DIAGNOSIS or PROGNOSIS) or embarrassing to the teller (e.g., revelation of medical errors).Retinopathy of Prematurity: A bilateral retinopathy occurring in premature infants treated with excessively high concentrations of oxygen, characterized by vascular dilatation, proliferation, and tortuosity, edema, and retinal detachment, with ultimate conversion of the retina into a fibrous mass that can be seen as a dense retrolental membrane. Usually growth of the eye is arrested and may result in microophthalmia, and blindness may occur. (Dorland, 27th ed)Deception: The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.LondonTennesseePeptide Nucleic Acids: DNA analogs containing neutral amide backbone linkages composed of aminoethyl glycine units instead of the usual phosphodiester linkage of deoxyribose groups. Peptide nucleic acids have high biological stability and higher affinity for complementary DNA or RNA sequences than analogous DNA oligomers.New YorkAcademic Medical Centers: Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.Nucleic Acid Conformation: The spatial arrangement of the atoms of a nucleic acid or polynucleotide that results in its characteristic 3-dimensional shape.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Organometallic Compounds: A class of compounds of the type R-M, where a C atom is joined directly to any other element except H, C, N, O, F, Cl, Br, I, or At. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)BooksElectron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy: A technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons. The spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments. (From McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 7th edition) Electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy is a variant of the technique which can give enhanced resolution. Electron spin resonance analysis can now be used in vivo, including imaging applications such as MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Ruthenium: A hard, brittle, grayish-white rare earth metal with an atomic symbol Ru, atomic number 44, and atomic weight 101.07. It is used as a catalyst and hardener for PLATINUM and PALLADIUM.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.Coral Reefs: Marine ridges composed of living CORALS, coral skeletons, calcareous algae, and other organisms, mixed with minerals and organic matter. They are found most commonly in tropical waters and support other animal and plant life.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Anthozoa: A class in the phylum CNIDARIA, comprised mostly of corals and anemones. All members occur only as polyps; the medusa stage is completely absent.Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Aconitic AcidFumaria: A plant genus of the family FUMARIACEAE that contains fumariline and other isoquinoline alkaloids.Distillation: A chemical process for separating the components of a liquid mixture by boiling and collecting condensed vapors.MalatesCitric Acid: A key intermediate in metabolism. It is an acid compound found in citrus fruits. The salts of citric acid (citrates) can be used as anticoagulants due to their calcium chelating ability.Salvia officinalis: A plant species of the Salvia genus known as a spice and medicinal plant.Steam: Water in its gaseous state. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Organizations, Nonprofit: Organizations which are not operated for a profit and may be supported by endowments or private contributions.Amino Acids: Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.Voluntary Health Agencies: Non-profit organizations concerned with various aspects of health, e.g., education, promotion, treatment, services, etc.Eating Disorders: A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Foundations: Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Therapeutic Misconception: Misunderstanding among individuals, frequently research subjects, of scientific methods such as randomization and placebo controls.Mythology: A body of stories, the origins of which may be unknown or forgotten, that serve to explain practices, beliefs, institutions or natural phenomena. Mythology includes legends and folk tales. It may refer to classical mythology or to a body of modern thought and modern life. (From Webster's 1st ed)Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Foods, Specialized: Foods and beverages prepared for use to meet specific needs such as infant foods.Biology: One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.Amino Acids, SulfurCystine: A covalently linked dimeric nonessential amino acid formed by the oxidation of CYSTEINE. Two molecules of cysteine are joined together by a disulfide bridge to form cystine.Cysteine: A thiol-containing non-essential amino acid that is oxidized to form CYSTINE.Metabolic Networks and Pathways: Complex sets of enzymatic reactions connected to each other via their product and substrate metabolites.Methionine: A sulfur-containing essential L-amino acid that is important in many body functions.Sulfur: An element that is a member of the chalcogen family. It has an atomic symbol S, atomic number 16, and atomic weight [32.059; 32.076]. It is found in the amino acids cysteine and methionine.

Reduced cytosolic acidification during exercise suggests defective glycolytic activity in skeletal muscle of patients with Becker muscular dystrophy. An in vivo 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy study. (1/1658)

Becker muscular dystrophy is an X-linked disorder due to mutations in the dystrophin gene, resulting in reduced size and/or content of dystrophin. The functional role of this subsarcolemma protein and the biochemical mechanisms leading to muscle necrosis in Becker muscular dystrophy are still unknown. In particular, the role of a bioenergetic deficit is still controversial. In this study, we used 31p magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31p-MRS) to investigate skeletal muscle mitochondrial and glycolytic ATP production in vivo in 14 Becker muscular dystrophy patients. Skeletal muscle glycogenolytic ATP production, measured during the first minute of exercise, was similar in patients and controls. On the other hand, during later phases of exercise, skeletal muscle in Becker muscular dystrophy patients was less acidic than in controls, the cytosolic pH at the end of exercise being significantly higher in Becker muscular dystrophy patients. The rate of proton efflux from muscle fibres of Becker muscular dystrophy patients was similar to that of controls, pointing to a deficit in glycolytic lactate production as a cause of higher end-exercise cytosolic pH in patients. The maximum rate of mitochondrial ATP production was similar in muscle of Becker muscular dystrophy patients and controls. The results of this in vivo 31P-MRS study are consistent with reduced glucose availability in dystrophin-deficient muscles.  (+info)

Incubation of OKP cells in low-K+ media increases NHE3 activity after early decrease in intracellular pH. (2/1658)

Chronic hypokalemia increases the activity of proximal tubule apical membrane Na+/H+ antiporter NHE3. The present study examined the effect of the incubation of OKP cells (an opossum kidney, clone P cell line) in control medium (K+ concn ([K+]) = 5.4 mM) or low-K+ medium ([K+] = 2.7 mM) on NHE3. The activity of an ethylisopropyl amiloride-resistant Na+/H+ antiporter, whose characteristics were consistent with those of NHE3, was increased in low-K+ cells beginning at 8 h. NHE3 mRNA and NHE3 protein abundance were increased 2.2-fold and 62%, respectively, at 24 h but not at 8 h. After incubation in low-K+ medium, intracellular pH (pHi) decreased by 0.27 pH units (maximum at 27 min) and then recovered to the control level. Intracellular acidosis induced by 5 mM sodium propionate increased Na+/H+ antiporter activity at 8 and 24 h. Herbimycin A, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, blocked low-K+- and sodium propionate-induced activation of the Na+/H+ antiporter at 8 and 24 h. Our results demonstrate that low-K+ medium causes an early decrease in pHi, which leads to an increase in NHE3 activity via a tyrosine kinase pathway.  (+info)

Effect of acidification on the location of H+-ATPase in cultured inner medullary collecting duct cells. (3/1658)

In previous studies, our laboratory has utilized a cell line derived from the rat inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) as a model system for mammalian renal epithelial cell acid secretion. We have provided evidence, from a physiological perspective, that acute cellular acidification stimulates apical exocytosis and elicits a rapid increase in proton secretion that is mediated by an H+-ATPase. The purpose of these experiments was to examine the effect of acute cellular acidification on the distribution of the vacuolar H+-ATPase in IMCD cells in vitro. We utilized the 31-kDa subunit of the H+-ATPase as a marker of the complete enzyme. The distribution of this subunit of the H+-ATPase was evaluated by immunohistochemical techniques (confocal and electron microscopy), and we found that there is a redistribution of these pumps from vesicles to the apical membrane. Immunoblot evaluation of isolated apical membrane revealed a 237 +/- 34% (P < 0.05, n = 9) increase in the 31-kDa subunit present in the membrane fraction 20 min after the induction of cellular acidification. Thus our results demonstrate the presence of this pump subunit in the IMCD cell line in vitro and that cell acidification regulates the shuttling of cytosolic vesicles containing the 31-kDa subunit into the apical membrane.  (+info)

HaCaT human keratinocytes express IGF-II, IGFBP-6, and an acid-activated protease with activity against IGFBP-6. (4/1658)

The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system plays an important role in skin. HaCaT human keratinocytes proliferate in response to IGFs and synthesize IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3). Recently, IGFBP-6 was also identified by NH2-terminal sequencing, but it has not been identified by Western ligand blotting. In the present study, IGFBP-6 was detected in HaCaT-conditioned medium by use of immunoblotting and Western ligand blotting with 125I-labeled IGF-II. Proteolytic activity against IGFBPs, an important mechanism for regulation of their activity, was then studied. An acid-activated, cathepsin D-like protease that cleaved both IGFBP-6 and IGFBP-3 was detected. Although proteolysis did not substantially reduce the size of immunoreactive IGFBP-6, it greatly reduced the ability of IGFBP-6 to bind 125I-IGF-II as determined by Western ligand blotting and solution assay. HaCaT keratinocytes do not express IGF-I mRNA, but IGF-II mRNA and protein expression was detected. These observations suggest the possibility of an autocrine IGF-II loop that is regulated by the relative expression of IGF-II, IGFBP-3, and IGFBP-6, and IGFBP proteases in these keratinocytes, although demonstration of this loop requires further study.  (+info)

Identification of nonlipophilic corynebacteria isolated from dairy cows with mastitis. (5/1658)

Nonlipophilic corynebacteria associated with clinical and subclinical mastitis in dairy cows were found to belong to four species: Corynebacterium amycolatum, Corynebacterium ulcerans, Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, and Corynebacterium minutissimum. These species may easily be confused. However, clear-cut differences between C. ulcerans and C. pseudotuberculosis were found in their acid production from maltotriose and ethylene glycol, susceptibility to vibriostatic agent O129, and alkaline phosphatase. Absence of growth at 20 degrees C and lack of alpha-glucosidase and 4MU-alpha-D-glycoside hydrolysis activity differentiated C. amycolatum from C. pseudotuberculosis and C. ulcerans. The mastitis C. pseudotuberculosis strains differed from the biovar equi and ovis reference strains and from caprine field strains in their colony morphologies and in their reduced inhibitory activity on staphylococcal beta-hemolysin. C. amycolatum was the most frequently isolated nonlipophilic corynebacterium.  (+info)

The acid-inducible asr gene in Escherichia coli: transcriptional control by the phoBR operon. (6/1658)

Escherichia coli responds to external acidification (pH 4.0 to 5.0) by synthesizing a newly identified, approximately 450-nucleotide RNA component. At maximal levels of induction it is one of the most abundant small RNAs in the cell and is relatively stable bacterial RNA. The acid-inducible RNA was purified, and the gene encoding it, designated asr (for acid shock RNA), mapped at 35.98 min on the E. coli chromosome. Analysis of the asr DNA sequence revealed an open reading frame coding for a 111-amino-acid polypeptide with a deduced molecular mass of approximately 11.6 kDa. According to computer-assisted analysis, the predicted polypeptide contains a typical signal sequence of 30 amino acids and might represent either a periplasmic or an outer membrane protein. The asr gene cloned downstream from a T7 promoter was translated in vivo after transcription using a T7 RNA polymerase transcription system. Expression of a plasmid-encoded asr::lacZ fusion under a native asr promoter was reduced approximately 15-fold in a complex medium, such as Luria-Bertani medium, versus the minimal medium. Transcription of the chromosomal asr was abolished in the presence of a phoB-phoR (a two-component regulatory system, controlling the pho regulon inducible by phosphate starvation) deletion mutant. Acid-mediated induction of the asr gene in the Delta(phoB-phoR) mutant strain was restored by introduction of the plasmid with cloned phoB-phoR genes. Primer extension analysis of the asr transcript revealed a region similar to the Pho box (the consensus sequence found in promoters transcriptionally activated by the PhoB protein) upstream from the determined transcription start. The asr promoter DNA region was demonstrated to bind PhoB protein in vitro. We discuss our results in terms of how bacteria might employ the phoB-phoR regulatory system to sense an external acidity and regulate transcription of the asr gene.  (+info)

Screening procedure for detection of dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker metabolites in urine as part of a systematic toxicological analysis procedure for acidic compounds by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry after extractive methylation. (7/1658)

A gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric (GC-MS) screening procedure was developed for the detection of dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker ("calcium antagonist") metabolites in urine as part of a systematic toxicological analysis procedure for acidic drugs and poisons after extractive methylation. The part of the phase-transfer catalyst remaining in the organic phase was removed by solid-phase extraction on a diol phase. The compounds were separated by capillary GC and identified by computerized MS in the full scan mode. Using mass chromatography with the ions m/z 139, 284, 297, 298, 310, 312, 313, 318, 324, and 332, the possible presence of calcium channel blocker metabolites could be indicated. The identity of positive signals in such mass chromatograms was confirmed by comparison of the peaks underlying full mass spectra with the reference spectra recorded during this study. This method allowed the detection of therapeutic concentrations of amlodipine, felodipine, isradipine, nifedipine, nilvadipine, nimodipine, nisoldipine, and nitrendipine in human urine samples. Because urine samples from patients treated with nicardipine were not available, the detection of nicardipine in rat urine was studied. The overall recovery ranged between 67 and 77% with a coefficient of variation of less than 10%, and the limit of detection was at least 10 ng/mL (signal-to-noise ratio = 3) in the full-scan mode.  (+info)

Novel form of spreading acidification and depression in the cerebellar cortex demonstrated by neutral red optical imaging. (8/1658)

A novel form of spreading acidification and depression in the rat cerebellar cortex was imaged in vivo using the pH-sensitive dye, Neutral red. Surface stimulation evoked an initial beam of increased fluorescence (i.e., decreased pH) that spread rostrally and caudally across the folium and into neighboring folia. A transient but marked suppression in the excitability of the parallel fiber-Purkinje cell circuitry accompanied the spread. Characteristics differentiating this phenomenon from the spreading depression of Leao include: high speed of propagation on the surface (average of 450 microm/s), stable extracellular DC potential, no change in blood vessel diameter, and repeatability at short intervals. This propagating acidification constitutes a previously unknown class of neuronal processing in the cerebellar cortex.  (+info)

Healthy Bones and Children Long-Term Protein Intake and Dietary Potential Renal Acid Load are Associated with Bone Modeling and Remodeling at the Proximal Radius in Healthy Children
Streptococcus pneumoniae, one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in humans, faces a range of potentially acidic conditions in the middle and late stages of growth in vitro, in diverse human fluids during the infection process, and in biofilms present in the nasopharynx of carriers. S. pneumoniae was shown to develop a weak acid tolerance response (ATR), where cells previously exposed to sublethal pHs (5·8-6·6) showed an increased survival rate of up to one order of magnitude after challenge at the lethal pH (4·4, survival rate of 10−4). Moreover, the survival after challenge of stationary phase cells at pH 4·4 was three orders of magnitude higher than that of cells taken from the exponential phase, due to the production of lactic acid during growth and increasing acidification of the growth medium until stationary phase. Global expression analysis after short-term (5, 15 and 30 min, the adaptation phase) and long-term (the maintenance phase) acidic shock (pH 6·0) was performed by
Fig 3. Live and dead semi-granular+granular cells (SGC+GC) and hyalinocyte cells (HC) for Chionoecetes bairdi, Tanner Crab. The upper region contains the semi-granular and granular cells, while the lower region contains the hyalinocytes. The error bars for the dead cells are negative, while the error bar for the live cells is positive. Different homogenous groups are labeled for only the dead cells since there was no significant difference in the number of total cells. - Ocean Acidification Affects Hemocyte Physiology in the Tanner Crab (Chionoecetes bairdi)
I am a 58 yr old male, good overall health, except I have been diagnosed with barrets esophagus and severe acid reflux. I have been on (Proton-pump inhibitors) ppis the last 20 years, 40 mlg the last 6-8 years, once a day. I have been trying to go off due to what I have read recently about long-lasting side effects, esp the kidney failure, as I donated one in 1980 to my father, and have no children. I have not found anything that seems to take its place, and struggle with just about everything I eat and drink though. Ranitidine seems to help the best, but only short term, and I would need to take it many times per day, every day. I just had my (Blood Urea Nitrogen Test) bun(6.43) and creatinine(123.76)checked. Would it be safe to go back on ppis, or what would you recommend? thanks!!. ...
A new Cochrane Systematic Review says that for treatment of severe acid reflux, stomach wrap operations could be a more effective option than acid suppression tablets.
The costs of caring for a child with severe acid reflux can dramatically change a familys budget. Here are some tips to help you plan financially.
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
An electrostatically stabilized ink includes a dispersion which is electrostatically stabilized and comprises a pigment. The ink also includes an ionic amphiphile additive which has a charge center having an opposite charge from a charge center of the dispersion.
Fenton TR, Tough SC, Lyon AW, Eliasziw M, Hanley DA. (2012) Causal assessment of dietary acid load and bone disease: a systematic review & meta-analysis applying Hills epidemiologic criteria for causality J Environ Public Health. 2012; 2012: 727630. (Retrieved December 6th 2016) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3114717/ ...
YEAR 12 CHEMISTRY HSC MODULE 2: THE ACIDIC ENVIRONMENTIndicators were identified by observing that the colour of some flowers depends on soil composition.Classify common substances as acidic, basic or neutral.Strong acidic solution has a pH range of 1...
In an acidic solution, you can use both H+ and H2O to balance the equation. In an acidic solution, You can add H2O to balance the oxygen first, and then H+ to balance the hydrogens. In a basic solution, you can add OH- to balance the oxygens and then add H2O to balance the hydrogens ...
On Thursday, I had my first #endoscopy ever because of severe acid reflux. My terrible reflux was resulting in constant pain from the stomach up. Sometimes the pain would reach up to my throat and feel like it was burning a whole in it. The night I actually started throwing up fluid, I decided to…
This simple experiment allows students to follow the pH and temperature changes when an acidic solution is gradually neutralised.
Listeria Monocytogenes: Factory Cleaning, Thermal Inactivation and Acid Tolerance Response By Eben van Tonder 6 January 2018 (Update: 2/2018) Summary In light of the unprecedented listeria outbreak in South Africa, we examine processes and procedures at the cutting plant, factory cleaning, thermal inactivation and acid tolerance response of Listeria monocytogenes. We question everything we do…
Changes in cytoplasmic pH of suspension-cultured cells of Catharanthus roseus under extreme acid conditions were measured with the pH-dependent fluorescence dye; 2′,7′-bis-(2-carboxyethyl)-5 (and-6) carboxyfluorescein (-acetoxymethylester) (BCECF). When cells were treated with 1 mM HC1 (pH 3 solution), the cytoplasmic pH first decreased then returned to the original level. Treatment with 10 mM HC1 (pH 2 solution) acidified the cytoplasm to a greater extent, and the acidification continued at a constant level throughout the measurement. Treatment with a pH 2 solution resulted in a gradual decrease of the malate content, indicating the operation of biochemical pH regulation mechanism. The pH 2 treatment also caused a sudden decrease of the intracellular level of Pi. The cellular content of total phosphorus did not change during the acidification. The Pi was converted to the organic phosphate form. The ATP level was not increased by the pH 2 treatment, but slightly decreased. The role of Pi, ...
Back in 1968, Drs. Wachman and Bernstein theorized that the elevated renal acid load from meat, cheese, grains, and phosphate-rich foods may contribute to the development of osteoporosis. [Lancet 1968;1:958-9]. They suggested consuming more vegetables and fruits would reduce the acid load on the body and limit the loss of calcium being lost in the urine to buffer the increased renal acid load. A s.... ...
Virulent Salmonella typhimurium strains differ from the attenuated laboratory strain LT2 at the rpoS locus. It was previously shown that the rpoS gene in strain LT2 contains a rare UUG start codon (I. S. Lee, J. Lin, H. K. Hall, B. Bearson, and J. W. Foster, Mol. Microbiol. 17:155-167, 1995). This difference is responsible for the inability of LT2 to display a sustained log-phase acid tolerance response. We show that the altered rpoS allele (rpoS(LT2)) also affects the stationary-phase acid tolerance response in Salmonella. By transducing the rpoS(LT2) allele into virulent strain backgrounds and crossing wild-type rpoS allele into strain LT2, we demonstrate that the rpoS(LT2) allele contributes to the attenuation of strain LT2. We examined the effect of the rpoS allele on invasion and found that the rpoS status of the cell had no effect on the ability of the strains to invade intestinal epithelial cells in tissue culture. Enumeration of bacteria from tissues of infected mice indicated that the ...
The consumption of fresh fruit & vegetable in concentrate form (FVC) have recently become an alternative approach to combating excessive renal acid loads often associated with Western Diets. Additionally, these FVCs have been purported to induce met
It happens when a weak muscle doesnt close after swallowing as it should. That lets stomach juices splash back into the throat. Drugs such as Nexium and Prilosec reduce acid. But they dont fix the underlying problem, called GERD, or gastroesophageal reflux disease.. Rodd Foster had it so bad that he used to sleep sitting up to keep his dinner down. Tricia Carr worried that she would develop complications like the one that killed her mother.. Both Californians got help from the new device, approved a year ago by the federal Food and Drug Administration and also sold in Europe.. The treatment was "life-changing," said Foster, a 61-year-old plumbing contractor from Canyon Country, Calif. "Its been 30 years since Ive been able to eat normally and now I can eat anything anytime.". The Linx device, made by Torax Medical Inc., of St. Paul, Minn., is a ring of titanium beads with magnets inside. Doctors place it around the weak muscle at the base of the esophagus in a half-hour operation using a ...
We read with great interest the recently published article in Physiological Reports on protein intake, renal acid load, and hemodynamic responses (Teunissen‐Beekman et al. 2016). In their study, Teunissen‐Beekman et al. examined effects of an increase in protein intake (60 g/day, given as a mix of protein isolates, 20% pea, 20% soy, 30% egg‐white, 30% milk) on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and related renally relevant parameters in overweight individuals with untreated elevated blood pressure and normal kidney function. Contrary to the authors initial hypothesis, neither fasting nor postprandial GFR values (the latter adjusted for the fasting measurements) were higher in the protein‐supplemented group (PROT) compared with a second group (MALT) which instead received 60 g/day of maltodextrin on an isoenergetic basis. The authors reported overall remarkably high GFR values in their subjects along with a short temporary GFR decline within 30 min postprandially in the ...
Acidic foods are known to cause health problems, especially when you already have sensitive gums and teeth. See what foods you should avoid.
Is Meat Bad For You? Is Soy Bad For You? 7 Acid Foods to Eliminate From Your Diet - find out why we need balance acidic foods for great health.
Lip swelling after eating acidic foods is a sign of an allergic reaction. All adverse reactions you experience need to be reported to your doctor for...
These typically fall into the acidic food category. Research has found that the body is doomed for disease in an acidic environment. Broadly acidic foods include meat/fish, dairy and sugars (as in sodas as well) and alkaline foods include fruits and vegetables. To regain health (currently suffering from disease) a ratio of 90% alkaline and 10% acidic food choices has been recommended. The test for acidic/alkaline environment(pH) in the body can be easily performed with litmus paper purchased in a drugstore. It has to mandatorily read above pH7. Therefore, the first step by parents of autistic kids should include: ...
The U.S. Bureau of Mines studied the extraction of copper (II) from acidic sulfate solutions using commercial extractants lix 84, p5100, and pt5050. Mathematical models, consisting of sets of nonlinear mass action and mass balance equations, were solved using a commercial equation-solving program on a personal computer. The models suggest that lix 84 is a mixture of monomeric and dimeric extract
Then came Joey. He was born in March of 2011. He was born with EB and was the most severe of my three:( He was born with no skin from the knees down on both legs along with some missing skin on his wrists. When he was 10 days old he started having breathing problems and was admitted to the PICU. Within hours of arriving to the hospital, he went into respiratory failure and spent 7 days on a ventilator and almost needed a trach...but thankfully the blisters and swelling had gone done enough where he didnt need a trach. But it was discovered that he had severe acid reflux. The reflux was causing him to aspirate when he swallowed. Which in turned caused damage to the back of his throat spreading into his upper airway. (which is why he stopped breathing) He could no longer safely eat by mouth and required a feeding tube to be surgical placed in his stomach. ...
Heat and acid-stable alpha-amylase enzymes having the following characteristics: (1) capable of retaining at least about 70% of their initial activity when held at 90° C. and at a pH of 6.0 for 10 min
购买Abcam gadE兔多克隆抗体(ab56137)可与重组片段样本反应并经WB, ELISA实验严格验证。中国75%以上现货,所有产品均提供质保服务,可通过电话、电邮或微信获得本地专属技术支持。联系客服!
Product Description. Trimox Trimox is stable in an acidic environment. It is more effective taken orally. Taken rapidly and almost completely absorbed, with max ... Product Desc ...
calculating a pH when a strong and weak acid are combined, calculating a pH when a weak acid and a salt containing its conjugate base are added, analogous base versions
Krause, Evamaria; Wichels, Antje; Erler, Rene; Gerdts, Gunnar (2013): Study on the effects of near-future ocean acidification on marine yeasts: a microcosm approach. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.832468, Supplement to: Krause, E et al. (2013): Study on the effects of near-future ocean acidification on marine yeasts: a microcosm approach. Helgoland Marine Research, 67(4), 607-621, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10152-013-0348-1
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of ocean acidification on the speciation of metals in seawater. AU - Millero, Frank J.. AU - Woosley, Ryan. AU - Ditrolio, Benjamin. AU - Waters, Jason. PY - 2009/12. Y1 - 2009/12. N2 - Increasing atmospheric CO 2 over the next 200 years will cause the pH of ocean waters to decrease further. Many recent studies have examined the effect of decreasing pH on calcifying organisms in ocean waters and on other biological processes (photosynthesis, nitrogen fixation, elemental ratios, and community structure). In this review, we examine how pH will change the organic and inorganic speciation of metals in surface ocean waters, and the effect that it will have on the interactions of metals with marine organisms. We consider both kinetic and equilibrium processes. The decrease in concentration of OH - and CO 3 2- ions can affect the solubility, adsorption, toxicity, and rates of redox processes of metals in seawater. Future studies are needed to examine how pH affects the ...
Find and save ideas about Diet for stomach ulcers on Pinterest. | See more ideas about Gastritis diet, List of acidic foods and Acidic foods.
A major issue in microbial ecology is to identify the limits of life for growth and survival, and to understand the molecular mechanisms that define these limits. Thus, interest in the biodiversity and ecology of extreme environments has grown in recent years for several reasons. Some are basic and revolve around the idea that extreme environments are believed to reflect early Earth conditions. Others are related to the biotechnological potential of extremophiles. In this regard, the study of extremely acidic environments has become increasingly important since environmental acidity is often caused by microbial activity. Highly acidic environments are relatively scarce worldwide and are generally associated with volcanic activity or mining operations. For most acidic environments, low pH facilitates metal solubility, and therefore acidic waters tend to have high concentrations of heavy metals. However, highly acidic environments are usually inhabited by acidophilic and acidotolerant eukaryotic
For the Full Report in PDF Form, please click here. [Illustrations, footnotes and references available in PDF version] Comments related to EPAs April 15, 2009 Notice of Data Availability (NODA) on Ocean Acidification and Marine pH Water Quality Criteria. Submitted by Craig Idso and Robert Ferguson ...
CORTISONE ORAL GLUCOSE TOLERANCE RESPONSES IN HEALTHY YOUNG ADULT MALES CLASSIFIED AS TO ORAL HEALTH STATUS. TECHN DOCUM REP NO. SAM-TDR-64-57.:
The transcriptional activator GadE, for "Glutamic acid decarboxylase," is positively autoregulated [3, 14]and controls the transcription of genes involved in the maintenance of pH homeostasis, including the principal acid resistance system [3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 17, 18, 19] glutamate dependent (GAD), also referred as the GAD system, and genes involved in multidrug efflux, among others [3, 12, 13, 20, 21, 22] GadE also controls the expression of two transcription factors related to acid resistance, GadW and GadX, and for this reason it is considered the central activator of the acid response system [3, 4] GadE is encoded by the gadE-mdtEF operon, inducible by low pH [8] which is located in the region called the acid fitness island [21] Expression of gadE is controlled by an unusually large 798-bp upstream intergenic region, termed the sensory integration locus [15] At least six regulators related to the acid resistance system, GadE, GadX, GadW, EvgA, YdeO, and MnmE, are involved in the direct regulation ...
Article Interactive effects of climate change with nutrients, mercury, and freshwater acidification on key taxa in the North Atlantic Landscape Conservation Cooperative region. The North Atlantic Landscape Conservation Cooperative LCC (NA LCC) is a p...
Get the accurate facts on acid reflux in this mythbusters series. Part one explores the statement: Do acidic foods cause acid reflux? Find out the truth!
A highly acidic pH level (created by all the above) puts the pancreas, liver, and all the bodys organs at risk. Because of the important role played by the liver in removing acid waste from the body, liver function is particularly at risk when acids accumulate. When acidity prevents the liver and pancreas from regulating…
Fenton T.R., Lyon A.W., Eliasziw M., Tough S.C., Hanley D.A. Meta-analysis of the effect of the acid-ash hypothesis of osteoporosis on calcium balance. J Bone Miner Res 2009;24(11):1835-40. doi:10.1359/jbmr.090515. Fenton T.R., Lyon A.W., Eliasziw M., Tough S.C., Hanley D.A. Phosphate decreases urine calcium and increases calcium balance: a meta-analysis of the osteoporosis acid-ash diet hypothesis. Nutr J 2009;8:41. doi:10.1186/1475-2891-8-41. Fenton T.R., Tough S.C., Lyon A.W., Eliasziw M., Hanley D.A. "Causal assessment of dietary acid load and bone disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis applying Hills epidemiologic criteria for causality." Nutr J 2011;10:41. doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-41. Schwalfenberg G.K. The alkaline diet: is there evidence that an alkaline pH diet benefits health? J Environ Public Health 2012; Article ID 727630. doi:10.1155/2012/727630 ...
Can you name the Strong Acids and Bases? Test your knowledge on this science quiz to see how you do and compare your score to others. Quiz by cwade3318
I have acid reflux and often get severe acid burning in my throat. Normally I use some bicarbonate of soda or similar thing to stop the pain immediately but Ive run out and cant get to the shops for a couple of days. Does anyone know of anything else around the house that will stop the burning right away? Water helps but only for a few minutes before the burning returns. No websites I can find actually offer any advice on relieving the pain thats already there.... so Im asking here as
I have acid reflux and often get severe acid burning in my throat. Normally I use some bicarbonate of soda or similar thing to stop the pain immediately but Ive run out and cant get to the shops for a couple of days. Does anyone know of anything else around the house that will stop the burning right away? Water helps but only for a few minutes before the burning returns. No websites I can find actually offer any advice on relieving the pain thats already there.... so Im asking here as
Since posting my last question at 37, I have just now turned 39. I had a year and a half of stomach aches, severe acid reflux that had to sleep sitting up in bed for 3 months, severe bloating, diarrhe...
Carboxylic acids Carboxylic acids are considered the most acidic organic compounds, however, they are not strong acids like the inorganic acids such as
pH balance or pH homeostasis in humans commonly refers to the internal balance of the bodys electro-magnetic and chemical systems in response to the changing conditions of the external world and the changing conditions of the internal world. The word homeostasis comes from the Greek words: "homeo" means similar or "alki" or "alkaline" and "stasis" means a tendency toward maintaining stability. There are many homoeostatic mechanisms in our bodies that help maintain this balance and our state of health is directly related to the health of these mechanisms. pH homeostasis is maintained by dynamic processes of feedback and regulation. pH homeostasis has only one objective: to preserve the beneficial conditions of life in the internal alkali environment. Every day we are bombarded with external influences that threaten that balanced internal alkaline pH environment. Some of these threats include becoming too hot or too cold, eating too much or eating acidic foods or drinks, breathing polluted air ...
By means of vital staining with indicators a study has been made of the changes in reaction and in certain other attributes of a tissue abruptly rendered ischemic. Grafts of mouse skin have been employed as test material. It has been found that almost at once after implantation vigorous grafts become notably acid as compared with the normal skin and that they survive and "take" despite the acid condition, which remains at a maximum for several days. Weak or injured grafts on the contrary tend to be as alkaline as their surroundings, if not more so. Through experiments directed to the purpose reasons for this difference have been found in the lessened metabolic activities of the cells of the injured skin, and in an increased permeability which leads to a generalized suffusion of the damaged tissue with the alkaline lymph and an abnormally rapid escape of carbon dioxide from it. The influence of these factors to determine the reaction of tissues dying within the body has not been sufficiently ...
Organic Acid Products catalog and Organic Acid manufacturer directory. weiku.com is a Organic Acid trade platform offering information about Global Organic Acid Products and global Organic Acid buyers
New Delhi, Nov 15 (IANS) Mouth acidity, caused by sugary foods, fizzy drinks and other acidic food items, can damage the teeth by softening their roots, a...
... all-atom contacts and structure validation for proteins and nucleic acids. Nucl. Acids. Res.,35, W375-W383. Shapovalov, M.S., ... CP detects both local errors in atomic coordinates and also correctly matches an amino acid sequence to its native three ...
Acids. Res., 31, 3540-3545 Shahmuradov IA, Akbarova YYu, Solovyev VV, Aliyev JA (2003) Abundance of plastid DNA insertions in ... Nucleic Acids Research. 33 (3): 1069-76. doi:10.1093/nar/gki247. PMC 549412 . PMID 15722481. Shahmuradov, I. A.; Gammerman, A. ... Nucleic Acids Research. 31 (1): 114-7. doi:10.1093/nar/gkg041. PMC 165488 . PMID 12519961. Shahmuradov IA, Solovyev VV (2003) ...
The most common contaminants are : water; solid particles; gases; asphalt-resinous paraffin deposits; acids; oil sludge; ...
Nucleic acids Nucleic acid analogues Peptide nucleic acid Bridged Nucleic Acids Beaucage, S. L.; Iyer, R. P. (1992). "Advances ... The DMT group is removed with a solution of an acid, such as 2% trichloroacetic acid (TCA) or 3% dichloroacetic acid (DCA), in ... Nucleic Acid Chem. 46 (16): 4.1.1-4.1.22. doi:10.1002/0471142700.nc0401s46. Pease A. C.; Solas D.; Sullivan E. J.; Cronin M. T ... In one approach, the removal of the 5'-O-DMT group is effected by electrochemical generation of the acid at the required site(s ...
Acids. Res. 40, W222 (2012). L. Machala, J. Tucek, R. Zboril: „Polymorphous Transformations of Nanometric Iron(III) Oxide: A ...
Arachidonic acid can bind to E-cat and E-allo, but the affinity of AA for E-allo is 25 times that for Ecat. Palmitic acid, an ... However, oxygenation of 10,10-difluoroarachidonic acid to 11-(S )-hydroxyeicosa-5,8,12,14-tetraenoic acid is not consistent ... While metabolizing arachidonic acid primarily to PGG2, COX-2 also converts this fatty acid to small amounts of a racemic ... Fatty Acids. 73 (3-4): 141-62. doi:10.1016/j.plefa.2005.05.002. PMID 16005201. Wang Q1, He Y, Shen Y, Zhang Q, Chen D, Zuo C, ...
Amino Acids. 2014 Mar;46(3):543-52. Epub 2013 Jul 25. http://www.limr.org/doc/Page.asp?PageID=DOC004139 http://www. ...
... initial characterization and relationship to fatty acid transport protein". Prostaglandins Leukot. Essent. Fatty Acids. 60 (5-6 ... Long-chain fatty acid transport protein 6 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLC27A6 gene. This gene encodes a ... Hirsch D, Stahl A, Lodish HF (1998). "A family of fatty acid transporters conserved from mycobacterium to man". Proc. Natl. ... "Entrez Gene: SLC27A6 solute carrier family 27 (fatty acid transporter), member 6". Stelzl U, Worm U, Lalowski M, et al. (2005 ...
Folic acid is a substrate of dihydrofolate reductase, an enzyme involved in making nucleotides that is potently inhibited by ... The top molecule is bound reversibly, but the lower one is bound covalently as it has reacted with an amino acid residue ... Both these enzymes are needed for plants to make branched-chain amino acids. Many other enzymes are inhibited by herbicides, ... These electrophilic groups react with amino acid side chains to form covalent adducts. The residues modified are those with ...
The Ugi reaction using an isonitrile, amino acid, aldehyde and amine, can produce a dipeptide in equally high yield and optical ... As a consequence of their predominant biosynthetic origin from L-α-amino acids most naturally occurring 2,5-DKPs are cis ... They have a rigid backbone, which can mimic a preferential peptide conformation and contain constrained amino acids imbedded ... Thomas Wirth "New Strategies to α-Alkylated α-Amino Acids" Angewandte Chemie International Edition in English 1997, Volume 36, ...
Heinze VM, Actis AB (February 2012). "Dietary conjugated linoleic acid and long-chain n-3 fatty acids in mammary and prostate ... Qin X, Cui Y, Shen L, Sun N, Zhang Y, Li J, Xu X, Wang B, Xu X, Huo Y, Wang X (Jan 22, 2013). "Folic acid supplementation and ... Folic acid supplements have no effect on the risk of developing prostate cancer. There are also some links between prostate ... Evidence regarding the role of omega-3 fatty acids in preventing prostate cancer does not suggest that they reduce the risk of ...
"Free radical-mediated oxidation of free amino acids and amino acid residues in proteins". Amino Acids. 25 (3-4): 207-218. doi: ... Interactions between amino acid residues in a specific protein are very important in that protein's final structure. When there ... Mutations that occur in the DNA sequence may or may not affect the amino acid sequence of the protein. When the sequence is ... pHs outside of the protein's pH range can change the protonation state of the amino acids, which can increase or decrease the ...
DUF4509 is located at amino acid 45 to amino acid 228. In this domain of unknown function there is a conserved WLL sequence ... DUF4510 is located at amino acid 263 to amino acid 425. In this domain of unknown function there are two conserved sequence ... Acids Res. 43, D447-D452. 10.1093/nar/gku1003 Safran M, Dalah I, Alexander J, Rosen N, Iny Stein T, Shmoish M, Nativ N, Bahir I ... Uncharacterized protein C14orf80 is 426 amino acids long with a molecular weight of 47 kDa. Its isoelectric point is 8.9. ...
These two isozymes have almost identical activities and differ in only 32 amino acids, all of which are located on the outer ... The isoforms differ by only 11 amino acids at the N-terminus and no significant differences in their functional activity have ... Amino Acids. 36 (1): 115-23. doi:10.1007/s00726-008-0039-4. PMID 18278531. Meng M, Geisler M, Johansson H, Harholt J, Scheller ...
"Permeability of membranes to amino acids and modified amino acids: mechanisms involved in translocation". Amino Acids. 6 (3): ... "Divalent cation induced fusion and lipid lateral segregation in phosphatidylcholine-phosphatidic acid vesicles". Biochemistry. ... of amphiphilic phospholipids that have a hydrophilic phosphate head and a hydrophobic tail consisting of two fatty acid chains ...
SAR involves the production of chemical messengers, such as salicylic acid or jasmonic acid. Some of these travel through the ... The jasmonic acid response, is stimulated in leaves damaged by insects, and involves the production of methyl jasmonate. ... Salicylic acid itself, although indispensable for expression of SAR, is not the translocated signal responsible for the ... The lysosome contains enzymes and acids that kill and digest the particle or organism. In general, phagocytes patrol the body ...
Including: ATP-sensitive K+ channels, voltage-gated Ca2+ channels, and acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs). Membrane transporters ... Amino Acids. 26 (4): 321-9. doi:10.1007/s00726-004-0078-4. PMID 15290337. Marc, RE (28 April 1999). "Mapping glutamatergic ...
S. C. Bhattacharyya, D. E. Seymour (1950). "4-Aminosalicylic acid and its derivatives. Part II. The synthesis of 4-amino-2 : 5 ... S. C. Bhattacharyya, B. Lythgoe (12 February 1949). "Triterpene Acids". Nature. 163: 259. Bibcode:1949Natur.163..259B. doi: ... 105 (1). S. C. Bhattacharyya, B. Lythgoe (12 February 1949). "Triterpene Acids". Nature. 163: 259. Bibcode:1949Natur.163..259B ... and 4-amino-2 : 3-dihydroxybenzoic acid". J. Chem. Soc.: 1139-1140. doi:10.1039/JR9500001139. J. C. Bardhan; R. N. Adhya; K. C ...
Cationic amino acid transporter 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLC7A4 gene. SLC7A4 protein, human at the US ... Hammermann R, Brunn G, Racke K (Oct 2001). "Analysis of the genomic organization of the human cationic amino acid transporters ... 2002). "Expression of solute carrier 7A4 (SLC7A4) in the plasma membrane is not sufficient to mediate amino acid transport ... "Entrez Gene: SLC7A4 solute carrier family 7 (cationic amino acid transporter, y+ system), member 4". Muñoz L, Lasa A, ...
Purdue University (November 21, 2013). "Amino Acids". purdue.edu. Frank Press & Raymond Siever (1986) Earth, 14th edition, page ...
Amino Acids. 41 (4): 789-96. doi:10.1007/s00726-010-0666-4. PMID 20596736. Penumutchu, Srinivasa R.; Chou, Ruey-Hwang; Yu, Chin ...
Most cathelicidins are linear peptides with 23-37 amino acid residues, and fold into amphipatic α-helices. Additionally ... Even larger cathelicidin peptides (39-80 amino acid residues) are also present. These larger cathelicidins display repetitive ... although amino acid residues thought to be important in such protease inhibition are usually lacking. The general rule of the ... Amino Acids. 43 (2): 677-85. doi:10.1007/s00726-011-1116-7. PMID 22009138. Achanta M, Sunkara LT, Dai G, Bommineni YR, Jiang W ...
... was first isolated in 1861 by Adolf von Baeyer in the course of his study of uric acid. He obtained it by ... It is a colorless solid that arises from the reaction of glycolic acid and urea. It is an oxidized derivative of imidazolidine ... Hydrolysis of hydantoins affords amino acids: RCHC(O)NHC(O)NH + H2O → RCHC(NH2)CO2H + NH3 Hydantoin itself reacts with hot, ... Another useful route, which follows the work of Urech, involves the condensation of amino acids with cyanates and isocyanates: ...
This expands the genetic code, beyond the twenty canonical amino acids found in nature, to include an unnatural amino acid as ... the cavity that holds the amino acid can be mutated and modified to carry unnatural amino acids synthesized in the lab, and to ... and redox-active amino acids. Another use is introducing amino acids bearing reactive functional groups for chemically ... The unnatural amino acid is coded by a nonsense (TAG, TGA, TAA) triplet, a quadruplet codon, or in some cases a redundant rare ...
... (brand names Dormin, Dumex, Dormitiv, Dorval), also known as ethallymal and 5-allyl-5-ethylbarbituric acid, is ... GOLDHAHN H, BARTH H (November 1953). "[Barbituric acids. II]". Pharmazie. 8 (11): 913-8. PMID 13133697. ...
Acid ash hypothesis. References[edit]. *^ a b Hamm, LL; Nakhoul, N; Hering-Smith, KS (7 December 2015). "Acid-Base Homeostasis" ... ions, replacing the strong acids and bases with weak acids and weak bases.[11] This has the effect of damping the effect of pH ... pKa H2CO3 is the cologarithm of the acid dissociation constant of carbonic acid. It is equal to 6.1. ... An acid base nomogram for human plasma, showing the effects on the plasma pH when carbonic acid (partial pressure of ...
Amino acids and proteins are the building blocks of life. ... Amino acids are organic compounds that combine to form proteins ... Nonessential amino acids include: alanine, arginine, asparagine, aspartic acid, cysteine, glutamic acid, glutamine, glycine, ... NONESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS. Nonessential means that our bodies produce an amino acid, even if we do not get it from the food we ... Amino acids and proteins are the building blocks of life.. When proteins are digested or broken down, amino acids are left. The ...
Everyone needs folic acid. CDC urges women to take 400 mcg of folic acid every day, starting at least one month before getting ... Folic acid is a B vitamin. Our bodies use it to make new cells. ... Folic acid is a B vitamin. If a woman has enough folic acid in ... General Information About Neural Tube Defects, Folic Acid, and Folate. *Folic Acid Safety, Interactions, and Effects on Other ... MTHFR Gene and Folic Acidplus icon *Consuming enough folate helps prevent neural tube defects ...
Oxalic acid is one of the strongest organic acid in the body and is present in beer, corn, etc, when there is plenty of Mg, it ... When we exercise it produces acid, other bodily functions produces acid and the body has to manage it and get rid of it. If we ... A short discussion on the renal acid load might have been helpful to illustrate that acid ash plant foods, such as grains, are ... The vent prevents acid, which prevents organ damage. Eating alkaline prevents acid, which prevents organ damage, and possibly ...
Hydrochloric acid is the preferred acid in titration for determining the amount of bases. Strong acid titrants give more ... Of the six common strong mineral acids in chemistry, hydrochloric acid is the monoprotic acid least likely to undergo an ... "hydrochloric acid". pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2017-11-04.. *^ "Muriatic Acid" (pdf). PPG Industries. 2005. Retrieved ... Hydrochloric acid was known to European alchemists as spirits of salt or acidum salis (salt acid). Both names are still used, ...
Ascorbic Acid: learn about side effects, dosage, special precautions, and more on MedlinePlus ... Before taking ascorbic acid,. *tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to ascorbic acid or any other drugs. ... Take ascorbic acid exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor. ... Ascorbic acid may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if either of these symptoms is severe or does not go away: *diarrhea ...
Feed Amino Acids Market report is categorized by Livestock (Poultry, Aquaculture, Ruminants, Swine), Form (Liquid, Dry), Type ( ... Figure 1 Feed Amino Acids Market Segmentation. Figure 2 Feed Amino Acids: Livestock Segmentation. Figure 3 Feed Amino Acids ... 4.2 Feed Amino Acids Market, By Type & Region 4.3 Asia Pacific: Feed Amino Acids Market, By Livestock & Country 4.4 Feed Amino ... Table 18 Feed Amino Acids for Poultry Market Size, By Region, 2015 2022 (KT). Table 19 Feed Amino Acids for Swine Market Size, ...
The Nucleic Acids Vol. 3. Edited by Erwin Chargaff and J. N. Davidson. Pp. xvi + 588. (New York: Academic Press, Inc.; London: ... The Nucleic Acids. Vol. 3. Edited by Erwin Chargaff and J. N. Davidson. Pp. xvi + 588. (New York: Academic Press, Inc.; London ... MARKHAM, R. Still More Nucleic Acids. Nature 191, 742 (1961). https://doi.org/10.1038/191742a0 ...
Diunsaturated fatty acids[edit]. Triunsaturated fatty acids[edit]. Polyunsaturated fatty acids[edit]. Comparison[edit]. Deutsch ... Unsaturated fatty acids[edit]. Cis fatty acids[edit]. Monounsaturated fatty acids[edit]. * ... Polyunsaturated fatty acids[edit]. Trans fatty acids[edit]. Monounsaturated fatty acids[edit]. * ... 2 Unsaturated fatty acids *2.1 Cis fatty acids *2.1.1 Monounsaturated fatty acids ...
... are a family of macromolecules that includes deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA ) and multiple forms of ribonucleic acid (RNA ). DNA, ... Nucleic acid. Two nucleic acids, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) , are found in living things which ... Nucleic Acid. Two nucleic acids, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), are found in living things which serve ... Nucleic Acids. Nucleic acids are a family of macromolecules that includes deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA ) and multiple forms of ...
... chain fatty acids [1] containing two or more double bonds, separated by methylene bridges: -CH2-CH=CH-CH2-CH=CH-CH2-. [1] https ... www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/chemistry/organic-chemistry/fatty-acids#1O39fattyacids ... polyunsaturated fatty acids Long‐chain fatty acids containing two or more double bonds, separated by methylene bridges: -CH2-CH ... unsaturated fatty acids A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition © A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition 2005, originally published by ...
Some saturated fatty acids may present a bigger risk to diabetes than others 06 Aug 2014 The relationship between saturated fat ... New evidence raises questions about the link between fatty acids and heart disease. 18 Mar 2014 Study finds that the current ... The study found that saturated fatty acids can be associated with both an increased and decreased risk of developing the ... level of evidence does not clearly support guidelines restricting saturated fatty acid consumption to reduce coronary risk nor ...
For the conjugate bases of carboxylic acids, RCO2−, see Category:Carboxylate ions. For salts of carboxylic acids, RCO2M, see ... Molecules containing such a functional group are also called carboxylic acids or organic acids, although there are other ... In chemistry, carboxylic acids are acids characterized by the presence of a carboxyl group. ... carboxylic acid-transporting ATPase activity (cargo),. carboxylic acid transmembrane transporter activity (cargo),. carboxylic ...
Current subject areas covered are Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins. Carbohydrate Chemistry, Catalysis, Electron Spin ... a-amino acid derivatives acid esters aldehyde alkylation allyl amide amination amino acids Anal analogues antagonist antibiotic ... Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins, Volume 28. Amino acids, peptides and proteins. Volume 28 of Specialist Periodical Reports. ... Acids_Peptides_and_Proteins.html?id=7kHYVk7c25QC&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareAmino Acids, Peptides and Proteins. ...
One of the most commonly reported is heartburn which has nothing to do with the heart but is actually acid attacking the ... In the stomach, the bolus is churned in concentrated acid to liquidise it into chyme which can pass out of the stomach into the ... Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disorder (or Disease) "GORD" describes the condition where acid reflux occurs frequently. Not ... render it highly acidic making concentrated hydrochloric acid with a pH typically of 1. ...
Acid Acid is needed by the body but too much or too little or in the wrong place can cause problems. ... They do not like an acid environment and burrow deep into the stomach walls where acid levels are more neutral. [a-iii] ... Whether stress can cause too much acid is a matter of debate. Anecdotally, many who suffer with excess stomach acid report it ... Oils and fats, however, do not mix with the acid and if they need to be broken down some bile may need to be released into the ...
... foods with omega 3 fatty acids, recipes for dinner vegetarian indian sanjeev kapoor, wheat free diet plan uk, paleo diet book ... For example, alpha-linolenic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Out of these food stuff, ... Fatty acids in which a double bond six carbon atoms removed from the methyl end also known as omega 6 fatty acids. Some most ... Omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil are helpful to make low level of triglycerides and raise HDL level.. But these fatty acids ...
Functional Amino Acids in Nutrition and Health AND Abstracts presented at the 13th International Congress on Amino Acids, ... Amino acid and protein modification by oxygen and nitrogen species AND Maintenance of antioxidant defenses of brain cells: ... Special issue: Focus on amino acid and protein modification by oxygen and nitrogen species ... Abstracts presented at the 12th International Congress on Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins ...
If this is indeed the case, it in turn suggests that these wandering amino acids may have played a vital role in the synthesis ... The new-found presence of this complex organic molecule, iso-propyl cyanide, is a good indicator that amino acids themselves ... have discovered large quantities of organic molecules at the center of the Milky Way that resemble life-bearing amino acids in ...
... amino acids are joined together to form proteins. The main function of amino acids is to serve as building blocks for proteins ... Proteins tend to be typically comprised of between 50 to 2000 amino acids joined end-to-end in many different combinations. ... amino acid analogues and derivatives, polyamines, radiated amino acids, peptides, stable isotopes and isotopes of amino acids. ... There are 20 different amino acids that combine to create the impressive array of chemical versatility of proteins. Amino acids ...
Alpha-linolenic acid and its conversion to longer chain n-3 fatty acids: Benefits for human health and a role in maintaining ... There is no known toxicity risk consistently associated with diets high in omega-3 fatty acids. Like any fatty acids, omega-3s ... The best studied are EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid). EPA has five double bonds and DHA has six. In ... The cardiovascular effects of flaxseed and its omega-3 fatty acid, alpha-linolenic acid. Can J Cardiol 2010; 26:489-96. * ...
Antunes JC, Oliveira JM, Reis RL, Soria JM, Gomez-Ribelles JL, Mano JF (2010) Novel poly(L-lactic acid)/hyaluronic acid ... Xing D, Wang B, Liu Q, Ke Y, Xu Y, Li Z, Lin J (2016) Intra-articular hyaluronic acid in treating knee osteoarthritis: a PRISMA ... 2018) Hyaluronic Acid. In: Oliveira J., Pina S., Reis R., San Roman J. (eds) Osteochondral Tissue Engineering. Advances in ... Wang CT, Lin J, Chang CJ, Lin YT, Hou SM (2004) Therapeutic effects of hyaluronic acid on osteoarthritis of the knee. A meta- ...
Bubbles of CO2 rise from volcanic vents on the seafloor and dissolve to form carbonic acid. Carbonic acid is relatively weak; ... At the low end of the scale are strong acids, such as hydrochloric acid, that release hydrogen readily (more readily than ... Acids react with carbonate ions, in effect tying them up. So as atmospheric CO2 levels rise, carbonate ions become scarcer in ... carbonic acid does). At the high end are strong bases such as lye. Pure, distilled water has a pH of 7, which is neutral. ...
When citric acid is heated to 175°, it loses a molecule of water, and gives aconitic acid, an acid which is also found in ... Two isomeric acids are formed by the distillation of malic acid, which are likewise isomeric with aconitic acid obtained by ... organic chemistry) An organic acid involved in the isomerisation of citrate to isocitrate in the citric acid cycle. * 1844 ... The plant is reported to contain achilleic acid (identical to aconitic acid), alkanes, alkaloids (achilleine betonicine ...
An acid-forming food contributes hydrogen ions to the body, making it more acidic. An alkalizing food removes hydrogen ions ... Foods are classified as acid-forming or alkalizing depending on the effect they have on the body. ... ACID-FORMING & ALKALINE-FORMING FOODS. It must be noted that because a food is acid it is no indication that it REMAINS acid in ... Acid: Overwork, Anger, Fear, Jealousy & Stress Extremely Alkaline Forming Foods - pH 8.5 to 9.0. Extremely Acid Forming Foods ...
  • This is because they operate by making changes to the buffers, each of which consists of two components: a weak acid and its conjugate base . (wikipedia.org)
  • It is the ratio concentration of the weak acid to its conjugate base that determines the pH of the solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, by manipulating firstly the concentration of the weak acid, and secondly that of its conjugate base, the pH of the extracellular fluid (ECF) can be adjusted very accurately to the correct value. (wikipedia.org)
  • What salts does sulfuric acid make? (answers.com)
  • The activity of the magnesium peroxycarboxylate salts after dissolution is the same as that of the corresponding peroxycarboxylic acids, especially when used as laundry bleaches. (google.com)
  • Nuts, Seeds and Oils - ALA an omega-3 fatty acid is found in the plant foods like flaxseeds and their oil, nuts like walnuts, brazil nuts pumpkin seeds, olive oil and hemp seeds. (amazonaws.com)
  • Help your kid become healthy and brainy at the same time by introducing a new omega-3 fatty acid rich food every week. (amazonaws.com)
  • In a clinical study of nearly 100 boys, those with lower levels of omega-3 fatty acids had more learning and behavioral problems (such as temper tantrums and sleep disturbances) than boys with normal omega-3 fatty acid levels. (amazonaws.com)
  • Salmon oil has a greater amount of omega 3 fatty acid than the fish oil. (buzzle.com)
  • However, the most compelling evidence for the cardiovascular benefit provided by omega-3 fatty acids comes from three large controlled trials of 32,000 participants randomized to receive omega-3 fatty acid supplements containing DHA and EPA or to act as controls. (upi.com)
  • The lab results showed that organic milk had an average ratio of omega-6 fatty acid to omega-3 fatty acid of 2.3, whereas conventional milk had an average ratio of 5.8, according to the study published today (Dec. 9) in the journal PLOS ONE. (livescience.com)
  • The team also compared the fatty acids in dairy products to those in fish, and found that recommended intakes of full-fat milk products supply more of the major omega-3 fatty acid, ALA, than do recommended servings of fish. (livescience.com)
  • Across 19 cohorts for 11 different types of cancer and using up to 5 different ways to categorize omega-3 fatty acid consumption, 44 estimates of the association between omega-3 fatty acid consumption were reported. (rand.org)
  • organic chemistry ) An organic acid involved in the isomerisation of citrate to isocitrate in the citric acid cycle. (wiktionary.org)
  • This is the 7th in a popular conference series going back to 1981 that brings together nucleic acids scientists across a broad area but with particular emphasis on chemistry, biochemistry and structure. (rsc.org)
  • The 7CS is the seventh in a long-established series of conferences aimed at bringing together researchers in the Nucleic Acids across a broad disciplinary range, but with particular emphasis in Chemistry, Biochemistry and Molecular Structure. (rsc.org)
  • Dr. Yoshihide Hagiwara, in Green Barley Essence, mentions that, "Should this balance [acid and alkaline] be upset, the cell metabolism suffers, leading to conditions such as fatigue. (angelfire.com)
  • Many chemical mutagens, such as chlorinated hydrocarbons and nitrites, owe their toxicity to the production of halides and nitrous acid during their metabolism in the body. (britannica.com)
  • Metabolism of sulfur-containing amino acids. (nih.gov)
  • Many areas of sulfur-containing amino acid metabolism need further study. (nih.gov)
  • Future work should consider the role of extrahepatic tissues in amino acid metabolism as well as species differences in the relative roles of various pathways in the metabolism of Met and Cys. (nih.gov)
  • Carbohydrates Glucose acts as an anti fatty acid agent, possibly because of the glyceryl compounds resulting from its metabolism. (chestofbooks.com)
  • Amino acids help eliminate excess fat stored in the blood stream, stimulate parts of the nervous system that control metabolism and energy production, and aid in the synthesis of molecules. (reference.com)
  • In the 17th century, Johann Rudolf Glauber from Karlstadt am Main, Germany used sodium chloride salt and sulfuric acid for the preparation of sodium sulfate in the Mannheim process , releasing hydrogen chloride gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • An acid is a molecule or ion (an ion is an atom that carries a positive or negative electric charge) that can contribute a hydrogen ion to a solution. (angelfire.com)
  • An alkalizing substance is one that contains a molecule or ion that combines with hydrogen ions to remove them from a solution_it neutralizes acids and acts as a buffer. (angelfire.com)
  • A salt is defined as a compound formed by the complete or incomplete replacement of the hydrogen ion of an acid by a basic radical. (syvum.com)
  • A normal salt is formed by the complete replacement of the hydrogen ion of an acid by a basic radical whereas an acid salt is formed by the incomplete replacement of the hydrogen ion of an acid by a basic radical. (syvum.com)
  • Sulfuric acid suck water out of carbohydrates and other organic compounds that contain oxygen and hydrogen. (answers.com)
  • Concentrated sulfuric acid has sulfuric acid molecules where dilute sulfuric acid has sulfate ions and hydrogen ions. (answers.com)
  • amino acid əmē´nō [ key ] , any one of a class of simple organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and in certain cases sulfur. (factmonster.com)
  • The key elements of an amino acid include oxygen, hydrogen, carbon and nitrogen. (reference.com)
  • P. A. Kumar, V. G. K. M. Pisipati, A. V. Rajeswari, and S. S. Sastry, "Induced smectic-G phase through intermolecular hydrogen bonding-part XII: thermal and phase behaviour of p -aminobenzonitrile: p-n-alkoxybenzoic acids," Zeitschrift für Naturforschung A: Journal of Physical Sciences , vol. 57, no. 3-4, pp. 184-188, 2002. (hindawi.com)
  • Dado and Gellman (1994) Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding in Derivatives of β-Alanine and γ-Amino Butyris Acid: Model Studies for the Folding of Unnatural Polypeptide Backbones, J. Am. Chem. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • An amino acid is a carbon atom with a hydrogen atom, an organic acid {COOH}, an amino group {NH2}, and one other chemical group attached. (everything2.com)
  • A ball-and-stick model structure of polar amino acid glutamine (Gln, Q). Carbon in blue-grey, oxygen in red, nitrogen in green, hydrogen in silver. (openclipart.org)
  • Thus, in a monohaloacetic acid, a single halogen would replace a hydrogen atom. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the same manner, in dichloroacetic acid two chlorine atoms would take the place of two hydrogen atoms (CHCl2CO2H). (wikipedia.org)
  • However, you will find recommended food sources for different types of amino acids (including branched chain, sulfur-containing, aromatic, and others) in the Summary of Food Sources section of this article. (whfoods.org)
  • There are three "types" of amino acids, as defined by the polarity of their subgroups. (everything2.com)
  • If it is thanks to meteorites that our amino acids are left handed, then the same bias should exist at least across our solar system", he told New Scientist . (newscientist.com)
  • Researchers at the Max Planck institute in Germany have discovered large quantities of organic molecules at the center of the Milky Way that resemble life-bearing amino acids in their complexity. (extremetech.com)
  • The new-found presence of this complex organic molecule, iso-propyl cyanide, is a good indicator that amino acids themselves are floating throughout the interstellar medium. (extremetech.com)
  • Fatty acids are the organic building blocks (small molecules that link together to form long chains) of fats which are used by the body for energy and tissue development. (greenfacts.org)
  • Lewis acids are commonly defined as an electron pair acceptor, but such a definition seems to diminish their importance in organic synthesis. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Organic milk contains a healthier balance of omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids compared with milk from cows raised on conventionally managed dairy farms, according to a new study. (livescience.com)
  • The healthier fatty acid profile of organic milk is likely a result of cows foraging on grass, the researchers said. (livescience.com)
  • The scientists took 400 samples of organic and conventional milk from multiple regions in the United States over an 18-month period, and looked for the levels of various fatty acids in the milk. (livescience.com)
  • The results are in line with previous research showing that eating grass and legumes promotes cow health as well as improves the fatty acid profile of organic dairy products, said study author Charles Benbrook, of the Center for Sustaining Agriculture and Natural Resources at Washington State University. (livescience.com)
  • The researchers also found seasonal differences in organic milk's fatty acid composition. (livescience.com)
  • Organic milk produced in spring and summer had higher levels of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), an important group of fatty acids. (livescience.com)
  • Amino acids are organic compounds made of amine and carboxylic acid functional groups. (reference.com)
  • Chemically, anacardic acid is a mixture of several closely related organic compounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the most important things you can do to help prevent serious birth defects in your baby is to get enough folic acid every day - especially before conception and during early pregnancy . (kidshealth.org)
  • Getting enough folic acid every day is easy. (healthfinder.gov)
  • In addition to these 20, scientists have synthesized more than 70 artificial amino acids that are not found in animals, and more than 100 less common amino acids also occur in biological systems, particularly in plants. (factmonster.com)
  • The second part of the book is devoted to applying the gas-phase approaches to solve specific questions related to the biophysics, biochemistry or pharmacology of nucleic acids. (springer.com)
  • Milk contains lactic acid. (syvum.com)
  • Lactic acid is named after the Latin word 'lac', which means milk. (syvum.com)
  • You don't need to listen to pro-cycling commentary for very long before you hear that lactic acid is 'burning' in the rider's legs. (active.com)
  • These ideas also gave rise to the notion of the 'lactic acid burn' and that lactic acid was responsible for fatigue during high-intensity exercise. (active.com)
  • In the human body most lactic acid is present in the form of lactate. (active.com)
  • When it comes to fatigue, neither lactate or lactic acid are likely causes. (active.com)
  • If this is indeed the case, it in turn suggests that these wandering amino acids may have played a vital role in the synthesis of life on other planets in the galaxy. (extremetech.com)
  • Both folic acid and vitamin B-12 participate in the synthesis of DNA and RNA. (medscape.com)
  • This paper reports on the occurrence and synthesis of a newly discovered class of furan-containing fatty acid. (pnas.org)
  • We are studying the synthesis and role of fatty acids during stress responses. (pnas.org)
  • The DNA Repair & Nucleic Acid Enzymology Group has made a number of contributions over the years to the understanding of mechanisms of DNA synthesis and, in particular, synthesis by the repair enzyme DNA polymerase β (Pol β). (nih.gov)
  • the group demonstrated that alteration of key amino acid side chains cripples Pol β so that it no longer catalyzes DNA synthesis efficiently and does not discriminate between correct and incorrect incoming nucleotides. (nih.gov)
  • Samuel H. Wilson heads the DNA Repair and Nucleic Acid Enzymology Group and holds a secondary appointment in the NIEHS Epigenetics and Stem Cell Biology Laboratory . (nih.gov)
  • Among the requirements of this law, the fat content, calories due to fat, and saturated and unsaturated fatty acid content must be provided on the nutritional label. (nist.gov)
  • L-cysteine also forms another amino acid, L-cystine, which is important in hair and nail tissues. (healthy.net)
  • Similarly an excess of H + ions is partially neutralized by the bicarbonate component of the buffer solution to form carbonic acid (H 2 CO 3 ), which, because it is a weak acid, remains largely in the undissociated form, releasing far fewer H + ions into the solution than the original strong acid would have done. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hydronium ions are the only positively-charged ions (cations) formed when an acid dissolves in water. (syvum.com)
  • All the properties of an acid are due to the presence of these ions. (syvum.com)
  • One of the most commonly reported is heartburn which has nothing to do with the heart but is actually acid attacking the oesophagus when stomach acid refluxes via the lower oesophageal sphincter. (google.com)
  • These solutions can be anything from body fluids, such as stomach acid and blood, to beverages, such as wine or coffee, to sea water. (angelfire.com)
  • The pH of stomach acid is 1, wine is 3.5, water is 7 (neutral), venous blood is 7.35, arterial blood is 7.4, sea water is 8.5, and baking soda is 12. (angelfire.com)
  • So the reason why stomach acid, or any liquid/food, comes back up from the stomach and into the mouth (also called regurgitation) is because this muscle has not done what it was supposed to do at that time. (answers.com)
  • The more manifest effect of the ribonucleic acids could be seen to take place at higher levels of the organization and possibly explains the more direct action upon the genes. (chestofbooks.com)
  • Ribonucleic acid is made of nucleotide s and is very similar chemically to DNA . (everything2.com)
  • This is achieved by changes in the rate and depth of breathing (i.e. by hyperventilation or hypoventilation ), which blows off or retains carbon dioxide (and thus carbonic acid) in the blood plasma. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bicarbonate is derived from metabolic carbon dioxide which is enzymatically converted to carbonic acid in the renal tubular cells . (wikipedia.org)
  • Fatty acids in which a double bond three carbon atoms removed from the methyl end also known as omega 3 fatty acids. (amazonaws.com)
  • Fatty acids can be saturated, polyunsaturated or monounsaturated, depending on the presence/absence of one or more pair of carbon-carbon double bonds within the molecule. (greenfacts.org)
  • The carbonic acid decomposes into Carbon dioxide bubbles. (syvum.com)
  • Each consists of a salicylic acid substituted with an alkyl chain that has 15 or 17 carbon atoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • So let's take a look at the fundamentals of pH and how your body regulates the acid-alkaline balance of its fluids on a moment-to-moment basis. (drbenkim.com)
  • When you ingest foods and liquids, the end products of digestion and assimilation of nutrients often results in an acid or alkaline-forming effect - the end products are sometimes called acid ash or alkaline ash. (drbenkim.com)
  • So there are two main forces at work on a daily basis that can disrupt the pH of your body fluids - these forces are the acid or alkaline-forming effects of foods and liquids that you ingest, and the acids that you generate through regular metabolic activities. (drbenkim.com)
  • According to Airola, the ideal diet should have a natural ratio of four parts alkaline to one part acid. (angelfire.com)
  • Unlike controls in which the long chains of microbes remain isolated, the microbes were seen to be kept together in media with alkaline amino acids, forming a consistent gelatinous mass separated from the medium. (chestofbooks.com)
  • This appeared interesting when we considered the positive character present in alkaline amino acids, as related to the heterotopic, constructive trend, while the negative, as in the acid and thiolic members, is related to the opposite trend. (chestofbooks.com)
  • We saw further the same antagonism between the influence exerted by histones and nucleic acids, the first paralleling the alkaline amino acid groups and the second the opposite group. (chestofbooks.com)
  • Glucose has an analgesic effect, although limited, upon pain of an alkaline pattern, and an opposite effect upon pain of an acid pattern. (chestofbooks.com)
  • These compounds have markedly improved stability characteristics relative to the corresponding peroxycarboxylic acids, especially when admixed with alkaline granular detergent products. (google.com)
  • Deep-sea fish is high in potassium and the anti-inflammatory omega-3 fatty acids, while kale is a high-potassium alkaline food, according to SF Gate and He. (reference.com)
  • The chemical formula of Sulfuric acid is H 2 SO 4 . (syvum.com)
  • The chemical formula of Carbonic acid is H 2 CO 3 . (syvum.com)
  • Ascorbic acid is the chemical name of Vitamin C . Deficiency of Vitamin C in the body may result in a disease known as scurvy. (syvum.com)
  • The chemical formula of ascorbic acid is C 6 H 8 O 6 . (syvum.com)
  • In humans, T1R1+3 is more sensitive to the chemical glutamate than to any other amino acid. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The first part of the book introduces the techniques, from the transfer of nucleic acids to the gas-phase, to their detailed physico-chemical investigation. (springer.com)
  • Kojic acid is a chemical produced from different types of fungi. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The Chemical Sciences Division is working to develop natural-matrix and solution-based SRMs that are characterized for fatty acid composition. (nist.gov)
  • Reference materials with fatty acid data are needed to underpin the measurements of chemical composition upon which the labeling is based. (nist.gov)
  • The other chemical group is what gives each amino acid its specific properties. (everything2.com)
  • The precursors, or chemical forerunners, of acid rain formation result from both natural sources, such as volcanoes and decaying vegetation, and man-made sources, primarily emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ) and nitrogen oxides (NO x ) resulting from fossil fuel combustion. (usgs.gov)
  • Anacardic acids are phenolic lipids, chemical compounds found in the shell of the cashew nut (Anacardium occidentale). (wikipedia.org)
  • Anacardic acid is the main component of cashew nutshell liquid (CNSL), and finds use in the chemical industry for the production of cardanol, which is used for resins, coatings, and frictional materials. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, as your cells produce energy on a continual basis, a number of different acids are formed and released into your body fluids. (drbenkim.com)
  • Hyaluronic, glycolic, salicylic - it feels like there's an infinite number of different acids for your skin and it can feel hard to know which you should use. (itv.com)
  • Some health care providers even recommend taking a folic acid supplement in addition to your regular prenatal vitamin. (kidshealth.org)
  • Findings from the California Women's Health Survey indicate that folic acid supplement use is lower among California Latina women who are at increased risk for neural tube birth defects (NTDs). (ca.gov)
  • The simplest is called alpha-linolenic acid, or ALA. Like most vitamins, ALA is especially important in our diet because our bodies cannot make it from scratch. (whfoods.com)
  • University of Maryland Medical Center: "Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)." Peck, P. , Nov. 11, 2004. (webmd.com)