A material used for cementation of inlays, crowns, bridges, and orthodontic appliances and occasionally as a temporary restoration. It is prepared by mixing zinc oxide and magnesium oxide powders with a liquid consisting principally of phosphoric acid, water, and buffers. (From Bouchers' Clinical Dental Terminology, 3d ed)
A relatively hard, translucent, restorative material used primarily in anterior teeth. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p50)
Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.
Adhesives used to fix prosthetic devices to bones and to cement bone to bone in difficult fractures. Synthetic resins are commonly used as cements. A mixture of monocalcium phosphate, monohydrate, alpha-tricalcium phosphate, and calcium carbonate with a sodium phosphate solution is also a useful bone paste.
The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).
Dental cements composed either of polymethyl methacrylate or dimethacrylate, produced by mixing an acrylic monomer liquid with acrylic polymers and mineral fillers. The cement is insoluble in water and is thus resistant to fluids in the mouth, but is also irritating to the dental pulp. It is used chiefly as a luting agent for fabricated and temporary restorations. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p159)
A polymer obtained by reacting polyacrylic acid with a special anion-leachable glass (alumino-silicate). The resulting cement is more durable and tougher than others in that the materials comprising the polymer backbone do not leach out.
Use for articles concerning dental education in general.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.
Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.
Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.
Water-soluble low-molecular-weight polymers of acrylic or methacrylic acid that form solid, insoluble products when mixed with specially prepared ZnO powder. The resulting cement adheres to dental enamel and is also used as a luting agent.
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.
Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.
Polymerized methyl methacrylate monomers which are used as sheets, moulding, extrusion powders, surface coating resins, emulsion polymers, fibers, inks, and films (From International Labor Organization, 1983). This material is also used in tooth implants, bone cements, and hard corneal contact lenses.
Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).
Abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures.
Insurance providing coverage for dental care.
Personnel whose work is prescribed and supervised by the dentist.
Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.
The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)
Used as a dental cement this is mainly zinc oxide (with strengtheners and accelerators) and eugenol. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p50)
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of the elderly for proper maintenance or treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.
An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.
A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.
The room or rooms in which the dentist and dental staff provide care. Offices include all rooms in the dentist's office suite.
The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)
Data collected during dental examination for the purpose of study, diagnosis, or treatment planning.
An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.
Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.
Personnel who provide dental service to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.
The methyl esters of methacrylic acid that polymerize easily and are used as tissue cements, dental materials, and absorbent for biological substances.
Nonspecialized dental practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing dental care.
Supplies used in building.
Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.
The joining of objects by means of a cement (e.g., in fracture fixation, such as in hip arthroplasty for joining of the acetabular component to the femoral component). In dentistry, it is used for the process of attaching parts of a tooth or restorative material to a natural tooth or for the attaching of orthodontic bands to teeth by means of an adhesive.
Individuals who assist the dentist or the dental hygienist.
The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.
Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.
A range of methods used to reduce pain and anxiety during dental procedures.
Procedures to repair or stabilize vertebral fractures, especially compression fractures accomplished by injecting BONE CEMENTS into the fractured VERTEBRAE.
Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.
A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.
Holding a DENTAL PROSTHESIS in place by its design, or by the use of additional devices or adhesives.
A prosthesis or restoration placed for a limited period, from several days to several months, which is designed to seal the tooth and maintain its position until a permanent restoration (DENTAL RESTORATION, PERMANENT) will replace it. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.
The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)
Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.
The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The hardening or polymerization of bonding agents (DENTAL CEMENTS) via chemical reactions, usually involving two components. This type of dental bonding uses a self-cure or dual-cure system.
Hospital department providing dental care.
The generic term for salts derived from silica or the silicic acids. They contain silicon, oxygen, and one or more metals, and may contain hydrogen. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th Ed)
Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.
Societies whose membership is limited to dentists.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
Calcium salts of phosphoric acid. These compounds are frequently used as calcium supplements.
Inorganic compounds that contain calcium as an integral part of the molecule.
The granting of a license to practice dentistry.
Facilities for the performance of services related to dental treatment but not done directly in the patient's mouth.
Magnesium oxide (MgO). An inorganic compound that occurs in nature as the mineral periclase. In aqueous media combines quickly with water to form magnesium hydroxide. It is used as an antacid and mild laxative and has many nonmedicinal uses.
The mechanical property of material that determines its resistance to force. HARDNESS TESTS measure this property.
Poly-2-methylpropenoic acids. Used in the manufacture of methacrylate resins and plastics in the form of pellets and granules, as absorbent for biological materials and as filters; also as biological membranes and as hydrogens. Synonyms: methylacrylate polymer; poly(methylacrylate); acrylic acid methyl ester polymer.
Various branches of dental practice limited to specialized areas.
Amounts charged to the patient as payer for dental services.
A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.
A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.
Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.
Any of the numerous types of clay which contain varying proportions of Al2O3 and SiO2. They are made synthetically by heating aluminum fluoride at 1000-2000 degrees C with silica and water vapor. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
The reaction product of bisphenol A and glycidyl methacrylate that undergoes polymerization when exposed to ultraviolet light or mixed with a catalyst. It is used as a bond implant material and as the resin component of dental sealants and composite restorative materials.
Individuals responsible for fabrication of dental appliances.
The hardening or polymerization of bonding agents (DENTAL CEMENTS) via exposure to light.
The organization and operation of the business aspects of a dental practice.
Dense fibrous layer formed from mesodermal tissue that surrounds the epithelial enamel organ. The cells eventually migrate to the external surface of the newly formed root dentin and give rise to the cementoblasts that deposit cementum on the developing root, fibroblasts of the developing periodontal ligament, and osteoblasts of the developing alveolar bone.
The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The maximum compression a material can withstand without failure. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p427)
Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)
Light sources used to activate polymerization of light-cured DENTAL CEMENTS and DENTAL RESINS. Degree of cure and bond strength depends on exposure time, wavelength, and intensity of the curing light.
The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.
Acrylic acids or acrylates which are substituted in the C-2 position with a methyl group.
The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)
Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.
Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.
Zirconium. A rather rare metallic element, atomic number 40, atomic weight 91.22, symbol Zr. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Providing for the full range of dental health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation of patients.
An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)
Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.
The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.
Polymers of high molecular weight which at some stage are capable of being molded and then harden to form useful components.
One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.
Any waste product generated by a dental office, surgery, clinic, or laboratory including amalgams, saliva, and rinse water.
Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.
A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of dental care.
Mesodermal tissue enclosed in the invaginated portion of the epithelial enamel organ and giving rise to the dentin and pulp.
An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)
An inner coating, as of varnish or other protective substance, to cover the dental cavity wall. It is usually a resinous film-forming agent dissolved in a volatile solvent, or a suspension of calcium hydroxide in a solution of a synthetic resin. The lining seals the dentinal tubules and protects the pulp before a restoration is inserted. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
Removal of dental plaque and dental calculus from the surface of a tooth, from the surface of a tooth apical to the gingival margin accumulated in periodontal pockets, or from the surface coronal to the gingival margin.
Cements that act through infiltration and polymerization within the dentinal matrix and are used for dental restoration. They can be adhesive resins themselves, adhesion-promoting monomers, or polymerization initiators that act in concert with other agents to form a dentin-bonding system.
The seepage of fluids, debris, and micro-organisms between the walls of a prepared dental cavity and the restoration.
The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.
The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.
Creation of a smooth and glossy surface finish on a denture or amalgam.
Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The grafting or inserting of a prosthetic device of alloplastic material into the oral tissue beneath the mucosal or periosteal layer or within the bone. Its purpose is to provide support and retention to a partial or complete denture.
Inorganic compounds that contain aluminum as an integral part of the molecule.
Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.
Economic aspects of the dental profession and dental care.
Materials placed inside a root canal for the purpose of obturating or sealing it. The materials may be gutta-percha, silver cones, paste mixtures, or other substances. (Dorland, 28th ed, p631 & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p187)
"Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.
The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.
The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).
Restorations of metal, porcelain, or plastic made to fit a cavity preparation, then cemented into the tooth. Onlays are restorations which fit into cavity preparations and overlay the occlusal surface of a tooth or teeth. Onlays are retained by frictional or mechanical factors.
Crumbling or smashing of cancellous BONE by forces acting parallel to the long axis of bone. It is applied particularly to vertebral body fractures (SPINAL FRACTURES). (Blauvelt and Nelson, A Manual of Orthopedic Terminology, 1994, p4)
Composite materials composed of an ion-leachable glass embedded in a polymeric matrix. They differ from GLASS IONOMER CEMENTS in that partially silanized glass particles are used to provide a direct bond to the resin matrix and the matrix is primarily formed by a light-activated, radical polymerization reaction.
The application of computer and information sciences to improve dental practice, research, education and management.
The internal resistance of a material to moving some parts of it parallel to a fixed plane, in contrast to stretching (TENSILE STRENGTH) or compression (COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH). Ionic crystals are brittle because, when subjected to shear, ions of the same charge are brought next to each other, which causes repulsion.
Natural teeth or teeth roots used as anchorage for a fixed or removable denture or other prosthesis (such as an implant) serving the same purpose.
Broken bones in the vertebral column.
A treatment modality in endodontics concerned with the therapy of diseases of the dental pulp. For preparatory procedures, ROOT CANAL PREPARATION is available.
Products made by baking or firing nonmetallic minerals (clay and similar materials). In making dental restorations or parts of restorations the material is fused porcelain. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.
The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)
A mild astringent and topical protectant with some antiseptic action. It is also used in bandages, pastes, ointments, dental cements, and as a sunblock.
A test to determine the relative hardness of a metal, mineral, or other material according to one of several scales, such as Brinell, Mohs, Rockwell, Vickers, or Shore. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Use of a metal casting, usually with a post in the pulp or root canal, designed to support and retain an artificial crown.
A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)
The selected form given to a natural tooth when it is reduced by instrumentation to receive a prosthesis (e.g., artificial crown or a retainer for a fixed or removable prosthesis). The selection of the form is guided by clinical circumstances and physical properties of the materials that make up the prosthesis. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239)
That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)
Use for material on dental facilities in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
Devices used in the home by persons to maintain dental and periodontal health. The devices include toothbrushes, dental flosses, water irrigators, gingival stimulators, etc.
Chemical reaction in which monomeric components are combined to form POLYMERS (e.g., POLYMETHYLMETHACRYLATE).
The branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance and promotion of oral health.
Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.
A white powder prepared from lime that has many medical and industrial uses. It is in many dental formulations, especially for root canal filling.
The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The degree of approximation or fit of filling material or dental prosthetic to the tooth surface. A close marginal adaptation and seal at the interface is important for successful dental restorations.
Alloys that contain a high percentage of gold. They are used in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.
Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)
Preparation of TOOTH surfaces and DENTAL MATERIALS with etching agents, usually phosphoric acid, to roughen the surface to increase adhesion or osteointegration.
The use of a layer of tooth-colored material, usually porcelain or acrylic resin, applied to the surface of natural teeth, crowns, or pontics by fusion, cementation, or mechanical retention.
The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.
General or unspecified diseases of the stomatognathic system, comprising the mouth, teeth, jaws, and pharynx.
The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
Professional society representing the field of dentistry.
A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Replacement for a hip joint.
Patterns of practice in dentistry related to diagnosis and treatment.
A cinnamate derivative of the shikamate pathway found in CLOVE OIL and other PLANTS.
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
Traumatic or other damage to teeth including fractures (TOOTH FRACTURES) or displacements (TOOTH LUXATION).
Application of a protective agent to an exposed pulp (direct capping) or the remaining thin layer of dentin over a nearly exposed pulp (indirect capping) in order to allow the pulp to recover and maintain its normal vitality and function.
A property of the surface of an object that makes it stick to another surface.
One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)
Insertion of an implant into the bone of the mandible or maxilla. The implant has an exposed head which protrudes through the mucosa and is a prosthodontic abutment.
Material from which the casting mold is made in the fabrication of gold or cobalt-chromium castings. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p168)
A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).
Compounds similar to hydrocarbons in which a tetravalent silicon atom replaces the carbon atom. They are very reactive, ignite in air, and form useful derivatives.
Pain in the adjacent areas of the teeth.
Laws and regulations pertaining to the field of dentistry, proposed for enactment or recently enacted by a legislative body.
The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Procedures to restore vertebrae to their original shape following vertebral compression fractures by inflating a balloon inserted into the vertebrae, followed by removal of the balloon and injection of BONE CEMENTS to fill the cavity.
Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.
The escape of diagnostic or therapeutic material from the vessel into which it is introduced into the surrounding tissue or body cavity.
Malfunction of implantation shunts, valves, etc., and prosthesis loosening, migration, and breaking.
Agents used to occlude dental enamel pits and fissures in the prevention of dental caries.
Preparation of TOOTH surfaces, and of materials bonded to teeth or DENTAL IMPLANTS, with agents and methods which roughen the surface to facilitate adhesion. Agents include phosphoric or other acids (ACID ETCHING, DENTAL) and methods include LASERS.
Specific alloys not less than 85% chromium and nickel or cobalt, with traces of either nickel or cobalt, molybdenum, and other substances. They are used in partial dentures, orthopedic implants, etc.
A group of phosphate minerals that includes ten mineral species and has the general formula X5(YO4)3Z, where X is usually calcium or lead, Y is phosphorus or arsenic, and Z is chlorine, fluorine, or OH-. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)
Techniques used for removal of bonded orthodontic appliances, restorations, or fixed dentures from teeth.
Fluorides, usually in pastes or gels, used for topical application to reduce the incidence of DENTAL CARIES.
The space in a tooth bounded by the dentin and containing the dental pulp. The portion of the cavity within the crown of the tooth is the pulp chamber; the portion within the root is the pulp canal or root canal.
An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.
An oxide of aluminum, occurring in nature as various minerals such as bauxite, corundum, etc. It is used as an adsorbent, desiccating agent, and catalyst, and in the manufacture of dental cements and refractories.
Glands of external secretion that release its secretions to the body's cavities, organs, or surface, through a duct.
Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.
An approach or process of practicing oral health care that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinical relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. (from J Am Dent Assoc 134: 689, 2003)
Any group of three or more full-time dentists, organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of dental care, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.
Endodontic diseases of the DENTAL PULP inside the tooth, which is distinguished from PERIAPICAL DISEASES of the tissue surrounding the root.
Replacement of the hip joint.
Abnormal concretion or calcified deposit that forms around the teeth or dental prostheses.
The upper part of the tooth, which joins the lower part of the tooth (TOOTH ROOT) at the cervix (TOOTH CERVIX) at a line called the cementoenamel junction. The entire surface of the crown is covered with enamel which is thicker at the extremity and becomes progressively thinner toward the cervix. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p216)
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The quality or state of being able to be bent or creased repeatedly. (From Webster, 3d ed)
An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.
One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.
A calcium salt that is used for a variety of purposes including: building materials, as a desiccant, in dentistry as an impression material, cast, or die, and in medicine for immobilizing casts and as a tablet excipient. It exists in various forms and states of hydration. Plaster of Paris is a mixture of powdered and heat-treated gypsum.
The part of a tooth from the neck to the apex, embedded in the alveolar process and covered with cementum. A root may be single or divided into several branches, usually identified by their relative position, e.g., lingual root or buccal root. Single-rooted teeth include mandibular first and second premolars and the maxillary second premolar teeth. The maxillary first premolar has two roots in most cases. Maxillary molars have three roots. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p690)
... dental sealants. and dental cement. It is the diester derived from methacrylic acid and the bisphenol A diglycidyl ether. ... Bearing two polymerizable groups, it is prone to form a crosslinked polymer that is used in dental restorations. For dental ... Bis-GMA was incorporated into composite dental resins in 1962 by Rafael Bowen. Concerns have been raised about the potential ... Bis-GMA (bisphenol A-glycidyl methacrylate) is a resin commonly used in dental composite, ...
ZOE can be used as a dental filling material or dental cement in dentistry. It is often used in dentistry when the decay is ... An acid-base reaction takes place with the formation of zinc eugenolate chelate. The reaction is catalysed by water and is ... It is sometimes used in the management of dental caries as a "temporary filling". ZOE cements were introduced in the 1890s. ... Dental Materials. 33 (1): e1-e12. doi:10.1016/j.dental.2016.09.012. ISSN 0109-5641. Zinc Oxide Eugenol Impression Pastes -A ...
... cements and dental cements. Related compounds have also similar uses. For example, Al(H2PO4)3 is used in dental cements, metal ... It neutralizes stomach acid (HCl) by forming AlCl3 with it. Up to 20% of aluminum from ingested antacid salts can be absorbed ... A typical preparation of an aluminophosphate involves the hydrothermal reaction of phosphoric acid and aluminium in the form of ... coatings, glaze compositions and refractory binders; and Al(H2PO4)(HPO4) is used cement and refractory binders and adhesives. ...
... and in dental cement. Aluminium hydroxide is used as an antacid, and mordant; it is used also in water purification, the ... This allows aluminium to be used to store reagents such as nitric acid, concentrated sulfuric acid, and some organic acids. In ... Van Ginkel, M.F.; Van Der Voet, G.B.; D'haese, P.C.; De Broe, M.E.; De Wolff, F.A. (1993). "Effect of citric acid and maltol on ... They are hard acids and react readily with ligands, forming adducts. In industry, they are mostly used in alkene insertion ...
... dental cement is one of the oldest and widely used dental cements. It is commonly used for luting permanent ... It is prepared by mixing zinc oxide and magnesium oxide powders with a liquid consisting principally of phosphoric acid, water ... It is still commonly used; however, resin-modified glass ionomer cements are more convenient and stronger when used in a dental ... Zinc phosphate cement is used for cementation of inlays, crowns, bridges, and orthodontic appliances and occasionally as a ...
... in the medical field as dental cements, hydrogels for drug delivery, and components in biomimetic mineralization. " ... HCl Polymerization of vinylphosphonic acid gives polyvinylphosphonic acid, which is best known for promoting adhesion between ... Vinylphosphonic acid can be prepared in several ways but the most common involves addition of PCl3 to acetaldehyde: PCl3 + ... Both vinylphosphonic acid homopolymer and its copolymers are the basis of many products which have found applications in scale ...
... a carboxylic acid derived from benzoic acid. 2-Ethoxybenzoic acid is used as a component in some dental cements. Brauer, G.M.; ... "Materials Science Cements Containing Syringic Acid Esters- o-Ethoxybenzoic Acid and Zinc Oxide". Journal of Dental Research. 63 ... 2-Ethoxybenzoic acid (o-ethoxybenzoic acid, EBA) is an organic compound, ...
Like glass ionomer cements, it is recommended that the tooth tissue is conditioned with polyacrylic acid (a weak acid) before ... Like glass ionomer cements and dental compomers, silver cermets are able to release fluoride over a sustained period of time. ... The liquid is an aqueous solution of a co-polymer of either 37% acrylic or maleic acid, or both, and 9% tartaric acid. When the ... Dental cermets, or silver cermets, are a type of restorative material dentists use to fill tooth cavities. Silver cermets were ...
"How the introduction of the acid-etch technique revolutionized dental practice". Journal of the American Dental Association. ... In 1974, glass ionomer cement fissure seals (GIC) were introduced by J.W. McLean and A.D. Wilson. Modern dental sealants ... the American Dental Association, the Australian Dental Association, the British Dental Association, and the Canadian Dental ... dental hygienists, oral health therapists and dental assistants (in some states in the USA) are able to apply dental sealants ...
They are used as the monomer resin in some windscreen repair kits, dental materials and as bone cement for fixing prosthetic ... Methacrylates are derivatives of methacrylic acid. These derivatives include the parent acid (CH2C(CH3)CO2H), salts (e.g., CH ...
... then phosphate cements due to it having a higher molecular weight and polyacrylic acid being a weaker acid than phosphoric acid ... Glass Ionomer cement Resin based cement Cupper based cement Dental impressions are negative imprints of teeth and oral soft ... Dental restorative materials are used to replace tooth structure loss, usually due to dental caries (dental cavities), but also ... Dental cements are used most often to bond indirect restorations such as crowns to the natural tooth surface. Examples include ...
... ions from a methacrylated polycarboxylic acid copolymer that is similarly used in some resin modified glass ionomer cements. ... Dental restorative materials Dental composite Glass ionomer cement Noort, Richard van. (2013). Introduction to dental materials ... They were introduced in the early 1990s as a hybrid of two other dental materials, dental composites and glass ionomer cement, ... Previous available restorative materials included dental amalgam, glass ionomer cement, resin modified glass ionomer cement and ...
... acid, itaconic acid and maleic acid. Adhesion: Zinc polycarboxylate cements adhere to enamel and dentine by means of chelation ... GIC - Glass Ionomer cement Zinc Polycarboxylate cement Zinc Oxide Eugenol cement RMGIC "dentsply cement Amalgam does not bond ... Allergic Reaction Associated with the use of Eugenol Containing Dental Cement in a Young Child. Research Gate. Acid-base ... Dental cements have a wide range of dental and orthodontic applications. Common uses include temporary restoration of teeth, ...
doi:10.1016/j.dental.2011.09.003. PMID 22192253. Donovan TE, Cho GC (March 1999). "Contemporary evaluation of dental cements". ... Acid-base cements, their biomedical and industrial applications. New York:Cambridge University Press. 1993:1-383. Pameijer CH ( ... Excess cement should be removed immediately after seating the restoration by using interproximal dental instruments such as ... A luting agent is an application of a dental cement connecting the underlying tooth structure to a fixed prosthesis. To lute ...
Dental caries is caused by bacterial production of acid during their metabolic actions. The acid produced from this metabolism ... A glass ionomer cement (GIC) is a dental restorative material used in dentistry as a filling material and luting cement, ... Glass ionomer cement is primarily used in the prevention of dental caries. This dental material has good adhesive bond ... Wilson, A. D.; J. W. Nicholson (2005) [1993]. "5.9 Glass polyalkenoate (glass-ionomer) cement". Acid-Base Cements: Their ...
Materials used may be gold, amalgam, dental composites, glass ionomer cement, or porcelain, among others. Preparations may be ... These materials are based on the reaction of silicate glass powder and polyalkenoic acid. These tooth-coloured materials were ... Restoration using dental implantsEdit. Main article: Dental implant. Dental implants are anchors placed in bone, usually made ... Glass ionomer cementEdit. A glass ionomer cement (GIC) is one of a class of materials commonly used in dentistry as filling ...
Adhesive Dental bonding Dentine bonding agents Dental cement I. Omura, J. Yamauchi, Y. Nagase, F. Uemura, "(Meth) ... 4-Methacryloyloxyethyl trimellitic acid anhydride (4-META) that adhere to not only tooth structures but also dental alloys, was ... Adhesion of PMMA with Bovine Enamel or Dental Alloys", Journal of the Japan Society for Dental Apparatus and Materials, 19(47) ... with focus on the dental adhesion technology in 1981. MDP is synthesized according to the following reaction. At first, 10- ...
When eugenol is used in dental preparations such as surgical pastes, dental packing, and dental cement, it may cause contact ... L-tyrosine is converted to p-coumaric acid by the enzyme tyrosine ammonia lyase (TAL). From here, p-coumaric acid is converted ... S-Adenosyl methionine (SAM) is then used to methylate caffeic acid, forming ferulic acid, which is in turn converted to ... Schmalz G, Bindslev DA (2008). Biocompatibility of Dental Materials. p. 352. ISBN 978-3-540-77782-3. Bruynzeel, Derk P. (2014 ...
... resins and dental cements and restoratives. It is the most important among the various organic peroxides used for this purpose ... Benzoyl peroxide breaks down in contact with skin, producing benzoic acid and oxygen, neither of which is very toxic. The ... It may be combined with salicylic acid, sulfur, erythromycin or clindamycin (antibiotics), or adapalene (a synthetic retinoid ... antibiotics and azelaic acid]. Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft (in German). 4 (4): 293-300. doi:10.1111/j. ...
Wilson, A. D.; Nicholson, J. W. (1993). Acid-Base Cements: Their Biomedical and Industrial Applications. Cambridge University ... This property also leads to its use in the manufacture of magnesia cements for dental fillings and certain mouthwashes as an ... Hydrochloric acid alone reacts poorly with primary alcohols and secondary alcohols, but a combination of HCl with ZnCl2 (known ... Ninhydrin reacts with amino acids and amines to form a colored compound "Ruhemann's purple" (RP). Spraying with a zinc chloride ...
The lubricating properties of fine-grained h-BN are used in cosmetics, paints, dental cements, and pencil leads. Hexagonal BN ... Hexagonal boron nitride is obtained by the reacting boron trioxide (B2O3) or boric acid (H3BO3) with ammonia (NH3) or urea (CO( ... namely boric acid and boron trioxide, are well known (see boron), the corresponding numbers for the boron nitride are not ... Boron nitride is insoluble in the usual acids, but is soluble in alkaline molten salts and nitrides, such as LiOH, KOH, NaOH- ...
... for eye surgery Bone cement Artificial ligaments and tendons Dental implants for tooth fixation Blood vessel prostheses Heart ... One successful scaffold is a copolymer of lactic acid and glycolic acid. Biocompatibility is related to the behavior of ... The material property of toughness is also important for dental implants as well as any other rigid, load-bearing implant such ... Biomaterials are also used every day in dental applications, surgery, and drug delivery. For example, a construct with ...
... dental cement, eugenol used by dentists, some periodontal impression materials, treatment of dry socket. optical properties as ... Balsam of Peru contains 25 or so different substances, including cinnamein, cinnamic acid, cinnamyl cinnamate, benzyl benzoate ... Gottfried Schmalz; Dorthe Arenholt Bindslev (2008). Biocompatibility of Dental Materials. Springer. ISBN 9783540777823. ... benzoic acid, and vanillin. It also contains cinnamyl alcohol, cinnamaldehyde, farnesol, and nerolidol. A minority of it, ...
It has been used as dental products as luting agent. Calcium aluminate cement (bioceramic) has been developed for dental ... GIC is alumino-silicate (glass) bioceramic cement. As MTA is mainly composed of calcium-alumino-silicate, PAA (polyacrylic acid ... The FDA requires dental materials to have high purity and be lead and arsenic-free, unlike commercial Portland cement. MTA is ... TheraCal LC is HEMA-free resin modified calcium silicate cement (MTA-like, Portland cement Type III) light-curable for base and ...
The acid is further deprotonated by the anion (X) in solution, generating a lewis acid with the starting anion (X) as a counter ... which permits visible light penetration in order to polymerize the cement. Light-activated cements may be radiolucent and are ... These dental composites are based on a camphorquinone photoinitiator and a matrix containing methacrylate oligomers with ... Since the Brønsted acid generated during the initiation step is considered the active initiator for polymerization, there is a ...
... cermet cements MeSH D25.339.250 - dental casting investment MeSH D25.339.291 - dental cements MeSH D25.339.291.150 - compomers ... polymethacrylic acids MeSH D25.720.716.822.111.650.605 - methyl methacrylates MeSH D25.720.716.822.111.650.605.450 - methyl ... zinc oxide-eugenol cement MeSH D25.339.291.950 - zinc phosphate cement MeSH D25.339.312 - dental implants MeSH D25.339.334 - ... cermet cements MeSH D25.339.291.700 - polycarboxylate cement MeSH D25.339.291.750 - resin cements MeSH D25.339.291.800 - ...
... bone cements MeSH D27.720.102.187 - cariogenic agents MeSH D27.720.102.223 - cariostatic agents MeSH D27.720.102.339 - dental ... excitatory amino acid agents MeSH D27.505.519.625.190.200 - excitatory amino acid agonists MeSH D27.505.519.625.190.300 - ... excitatory amino acid agents MeSH D27.505.696.577.190.200 - excitatory amino acid agonists MeSH D27.505.696.577.190.300 - ... excitatory amino acid antagonists MeSH D27.505.519.625.240 - gaba agents MeSH D27.505.519.625.240.200 - gaba agonists MeSH ...
... and cast this slight contraction means the resulting model is slightly larger and as such creates space for the luting cement. ... is created through adding water to the powdered alginate which contains a mixture of sodium and potassium salts of alginic acid ... Therefore, it is used in fixed prosthodontics (crowns, bridges) or when a dental model has to be duplicated by a dental ... vinyl polysiloxane dental impression materials used for making accurate dental impressions with excellent reproducibility. It ...
... resins and dental cements and restoratives.[24] It is the most important among the various organic peroxides used for this ... It does not induce antibiotic resistance.[15][16] It may be combined with salicylic acid, sulfur, erythromycin or clindamycin ( ... Benzoyl peroxide breaks down in contact with skin, producing benzoic acid and oxygen, neither of which is very toxic.[28] ... Worret WI, Fluhr JW (April 2006). "[Acne therapy with topical benzoyl peroxide, antibiotics and azelaic acid]". Journal der ...
However, it can slightly affect restorations made with composite materials, cements and dental amalgams. Tooth whitening will ... In the late 17th century, many people reached out to barbers, who used a file to file down the teeth before applying an acid ... Bleaching agents are only allowed to be given by dental practitioners, dental therapists, and dental hygienists. ... Dental plaque: Dental plaque is a clear biofilm of bacteria that naturally forms in the mouth, particularly along the gumline, ...
"Setting reaction and resultant structure of zinc phosphate cement in various orthophosphoric acid cement-forming liquids". ... van Noort, Richard (2002). Introduction to Dental Materials (2d ed.). Elsevier Health Sciences. ISBN 978-0-7234-3215-9. .. ... ZnO also forms cement-like material when treated with phosphoric acid; related materials are used in dentistry.[17] A major ... It is nearly insoluble in water, but it will dissolve in most acids, such as hydrochloric acid:[15] ...
Evaporation - air blast from a dental instrument.[8]. *Chemical - acids,[8] e.g. dietary, gastric, acid etch during dental ... Mechanical-tactile - dental probe during dental examination,[8] periodontal scaling and root planing,[8] toothbrushing.[7] ... dental abrasion),[8][9] or a sign of chronic periodontitis (gum disease).[9] Other less common causes are acid erosion (e.g. ... Inflammation of the dental pulp, termed pulpitis, produces true hypersensitivity of the nerves in the dental pulp.[5] Pulpitis ...
However, it can slightly affect restorations made with composite materials, cements and dental amalgams. Tooth whitening will ... Although this effect is not as damaging as phosphoric acid etch,[60] the increased irregularity of the teeth surface makes the ... doi:10.1016/j.dental.2004.04.002. ISSN 0109-5641. PMID 15451241.. *^ American Dental Association (November 2010) [September ... Bleaching agents are only allowed to be given by dental practitioners, dental therapists, and dental hygienists. ...
... such as dilute sulfuric acid, although oxidizing acids such as concentrated sulfuric acid and nitric acid or aqua regia ... 6.4% from cement production.. *3.0% from waste disposal, including municipal and hazardous waste, crematoria, and sewage sludge ... Soratur (2002). Essentials of Dental Materials. Jaypee Brothers Publishers. p. 14. ISBN 978-81-7179-989-3. Archived from the ... 3-dimercapto-1-propanesulfonic acid (DMPS), and dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA). In one small study including 11 construction ...
Cemented (metal-bonded) carbide edges greatly increase the durability of hardened steel cutting tools. W.H. Nernst developed ... The basic building blocks begin with the 20 amino acids and proceed to polypeptides, polysaccharides, and polypeptides- ... such as dental implants and synthetic bones. Hydroxyapatite, the natural mineral component of bone, has been made synthetically ... Mixing occurs after batching and is performed with various machines, such as dry mixing ribbon mixers (a type of cement mixer ...
These finds cemented Africa as the cradle of humankind. In the late 1970s and the 1980s, Ethiopia emerged as the new hot spot ... Bown, Thomas M.; Rose, Kenneth D. (1987). Patterns of Dental Evolution in Early Eocene Anaptomorphine Primates (Omomyidae) From ... which was in turn proportional to the number of amino acid differences between homologous proteins in different species. By ... a change in the shape of the dental arcade from being u-shaped to being parabolic; development of a chin (found in Homo sapiens ...
EPTFE is used for some types of dental floss.. *PTFE can also be used for dental fillings, to isolate the contacts of the ... Main article: Perfluorooctanoic acid. Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA, or C8) has been used as a surfactant in the emulsion ... cement production and steel foundries.[47] ... Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is sometimes used in the process ... Emerging Contaminants Fact Sheet - Perfluorooctane Sulfonate (PFOS) and Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA). National Service Center ...
Aqueous solutions of calcium hydroxide are called limewater and are medium strength bases that reacts with acids and can attack ... SEM image of fractured hardened cement paste, showing plates of calcium hydroxide and needles of ettringite (micron scale) ... This behavior is relevant to cement pastes. ... Dental materials. *Hydroxides. *Inorganic compounds. * ...
American Dental Association. *^ Introduction to Dental Plaque Archived 2011-08-27 at the Wayback Machine. Leeds Dental ... In the absence of oxygen they produce lactic acid, which dissolves the calcium and phosphorus in the enamel.[14][41] This ... At the cement to enamel junction, the cementum is acellular due to its lack of cellular components, and this acellular type ... Dental pulp[edit]. Main article: Pulp (tooth). The dental pulp is the central part of the tooth filled with soft connective ...
... and most organic acids.[7] However, titanium is corroded by concentrated acids.[20] As indicated by its negative redox ... dental and endodontic instruments and files, dental implants, sporting goods, jewelry, mobile phones, and other applications.[6 ... 2), an intensely white permanent pigment used in paints, paper, toothpaste, and plastics.[23] It is also used in cement, in ... Titanium has the inherent ability to osseointegrate, enabling use in dental implants that can last for over 30 years. This ...
... and in dental cement.[133]. *Aluminium hydroxide is used as an antacid, and mordant; it is used also in water purification, the ... This allows aluminium to be used to store reagents such as nitric acid, concentrated sulfuric acid, and some organic acids.[10] ... Van Ginkel, M.F.; Van Der Voet, G.B.; D'haese, P.C.; De Broe, M.E.; De Wolff, F.A. (1993). "Effect of citric acid and maltol on ... Oxidizing acids do not effectively attack high-purity aluminium because an oxide layer forms and protects the metal; aqua regia ...
These are acids or bases that have pH levels of less than or equal to 2, or greater than or equal to 12.5. An example is ... Mercury: used for dental fillings and batteries. It is also used in the production of chlorine gas. Exposure can lead to birth ... inclusion in a stable medium such as glass or a cement mixture, or burial under an impermeable clay cap. Waste transporters and ... Strong acids and alkalis used in manufacturing and industrial production. They can destroy tissue and cause internal damage to ...
The first acrylic acid was created in 1843. Methacrylic acid, derived from acrylic acid, was formulated in 1865. The reaction ... PMMA has also been linked to cardiopulmonary events in the operating room due to hypotension.[38] Bone cement acts like a grout ... Methacrylate polymers are used extensively in medical and dental applications where purity and stability are critical to ... In orthopedic surgery, PMMA bone cement is used to affix implants and to remodel lost bone. It is supplied as a powder with ...
"Journal of Dental Research. 93 (1): 19-26. doi:10.1177/0022034513504782. PMC 3872851 . PMID 24065635.. ... Mixture of citric acid, doxycycline, and polysorbate 80 (detergent) (MTAD). The primary aim of chemical irrigation is to kill ... The perforation may be filled with a root repair material, such as one derived from natural cement called mineral trioxide ... Dental Inc. 2008: July / August 34-36. *^ Raab D, Ma A: Preparation of contaminated root canal systems - the importance of ...
In a similar manner EDTA is used in the cement industry for the determination of free lime and free magnesia in cement and ... Ethylenediamine-N,N′-disuccinic acid (EDDS)[edit]. As a structural isomer of EDTA, ethylenediamine-N,N′-disuccinic acid (EDDS) ... L-Glutamic acid N,N-diacetic acid, tetrasodium salt (GLDA)[edit]. Aminopolycarboxylate-based chelates control metal ions in ... Polyaspartic acid[edit]. Polyaspartic acid, like IDS, binds to calcium and other heavy metal ions. It has a higher value of 7.2 ...
... pipes and fireplace cement, heat, fire, and acid resistant gaskets, pipe insulation, ceiling insulation, fireproof drywall, ... Dental cast linings. *HVAC flexible duct connectors. *Drilling fluid additives. A household heat spreader for cooking on gas ... portland cement and silica. Cement-bonded wood fiber is another substitute. Stone fibers are used in gaskets and friction ... When asbestos is used for its resistance to fire or heat, the fibers are often mixed with cement or woven into fabric or mats. ...
In 1881, Koch reported discovery of the "tubercle bacillus", cementing germ theory and Koch's acclaim. Upon the outbreak of a ... Medicine portal Health care in the United States History of dental treatments History of herbalism History of hospitals History ... In 1860, Pasteur's report on bacterial fermentation of butyric acid motivated fellow Frenchman Casimir Davaine to identify a ...
Nitrous oxide is a dental anesthetic that is used as a recreational drug, either by users who have access to medical-grade gas ... A person who has inhaled a small amount of rubber cement or paint thinner vapor may be impaired in a manner resembling alcohol ... though heavy long-term use can lead to a variety of serious health problems linked to destruction of vitamin B12 and folic acid ... For example, amyl nitrite (poppers), nitrous oxide and toluene - a solvent widely used in contact cement, permanent markers, ...
Medicine portal American Association of Endodontists Dental implant Dental pulp Dentistry Gum inflammation Nickel titanium ... ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) Framycetin sulfate Mixture of citric acid, doxycycline, and polysorbate 80 (detergent) ( ... The perforation may be filled with a root repair material, such as one derived from natural cement called mineral trioxide ... usually using a dental drill fitted with a dental burr. Isolating the tooth The use of a rubber dam for tooth isolation is ...
... of a novel N-vinylcaprolactam-containing acrylic acid terpolymer for applications in glass-ionomer dental cements. Acta ... of a novel N-vinylcaprolactam-containing acrylic acid terpolymer for applications in glass-ionomer dental cements ... In this study a novel N-vinylcaprolactam (NVC)-containing copolymer of acrylic-itaconic acid was synthesized, characterized and ... The working properties of NVC-containing glass-ionomer formulations are comparable and are acceptable for water-based cements ...
... cement are removed from dental products by applying a solution containing an organic acid having a COOH radical to the dental ... Method of removing dental cement US05875306 US4162172A (en) 1977-02-08. 1978-02-06. Method of removing dental cement from ... 3,655,605 as being a polyacrylic acid containing dental cement. Although carboxylate cements are of relatively recent origin, ... US4162172A - Method of removing dental cement from surfaces - Google Patents. Method of removing dental cement from surfaces ...
The clinical use as desensitizing agent of materials derived from Portland cement as desensitizing agent should be considere … ... Citric Acid / pharmacology * Crystallization * Dental Cements / therapeutic use* * Dental Deposits / chemistry * Dentin / drug ... Calcium silicate coating derived from Portland cement as treatment for hypersensitive dentine J Dent. 2008 Aug;36(8):565-78. ... Methods: The experimental treatment consisted of a calcium silicate paste based on Portland cement that was applied on dentine ...
... study was to investigate the antimicrobial effect of five dental luting cements which were based on glass ionomer cement ... glass ionomer luting cements are often used for cementing of indirect restorations. This is because of their well-known ... i,Conclusion,/i,. All five luting cements showed an antimicrobial potential which was increased by prior incubation with human ... i,Methods,/i,. Five different glass ionomer based luting cements were tested for their antimicrobial effects on ,i, ...
BC and CHX groups demonstrated the least whereas CT and CPC groups exhibited most adverse effect on the hardness of set cements ... excavation instruments is not as efficient as that with rotary burs in eliminating bacteria under the glass ionomer cements ( ... Release of cetyl pyridinium chloride from fatty acid chelate temporary dental cement. *Andrew C. Hurt, Nichola Jayne Coleman, ... Release of antimicrobial compounds from a zinc oxide-chelate cement.. *Tamer Tüzüner, Zeynep Aslı Güçlü, Andrew C. Hurt, ...
... acid, itaconic acid and maleic acid. Adhesion: Zinc polycarboxylate cements adhere to enamel and dentine by means of chelation ... GIC - Glass Ionomer cement Zinc Polycarboxylate cement Zinc Oxide Eugenol cement RMGIC "dentsply cement Amalgam does not bond ... Allergic Reaction Associated with the use of Eugenol Containing Dental Cement in a Young Child. Research Gate. Acid-base ... Dental cements have a wide range of dental and orthodontic applications. Common uses include temporary restoration of teeth, ...
Dental Glass Ionomer Cements as Permanent Filling Materials? - Properties, Limitations and Future Trends ... Hydroisomerization of n-Butane over Platinum-Promoted Cesium Hydrogen Salt of 12-Tungstophosphoric Acid ... Characterization of Bronze Surface Layer Formed by Microarc Oxidation Process in 12-Tungstophosphoric Acid ...
Materials used may be gold, amalgam, dental composites, glass ionomer cement, or porcelain, among others. Preparations may be ... These materials are based on the reaction of silicate glass powder and polyalkenoic acid. These tooth-coloured materials were ... Restoration using dental implantsEdit. Main article: Dental implant. Dental implants are anchors placed in bone, usually made ... Glass ionomer cementEdit. A glass ionomer cement (GIC) is one of a class of materials commonly used in dentistry as filling ...
... dental sealants. and dental cement. It is the diester derived from methacrylic acid and the bisphenol A diglycidyl ether. ... Bearing two polymerizable groups, it is prone to form a crosslinked polymer that is used in dental restorations. For dental ... Bis-GMA was incorporated into composite dental resins in 1962 by Rafael Bowen. Concerns have been raised about the potential ... Bis-GMA (bisphenol A-glycidyl methacrylate) is a resin commonly used in dental composite, ...
The dental cement includes a metal oxide, a metal hydroxide and an aqueous solution of a polycarboxylic acid. The cement may ... Residual dental cement may be removed from the temporary dental prosthesis or appliance when desired by using a dissolving bath ... also include a fatty acid, a polyvinylacetate emulsion and a dimer fatty acid. One or more plasticizers may also be included. ... A dental cement for providing a fixing for a temporary dental prosthesis or appliance is provided. ...
... hydroxyapatite and nano hydroxyapatite-chitosan dental cements., Mehrnaz Hosseinzade, Reza Karimi Soflou, Azam Valian, Hanieh ... Acetic Acid (CH3COOH); and Citric Acid were purchased from Merck Millipore, Germany.. ... This research was studied with the aim of bioactivity evaluation of commercial dental cements and research cements for ... EDXA results for the HA cement also indicates that, Ca precipitation on the HA cement was less than nHA cement.. ...
What is glass ionomer cement? Meaning of glass ionomer cement medical term. What does glass ionomer cement mean? ... Looking for online definition of glass ionomer cement in the Medical Dictionary? glass ionomer cement explanation free. ... glass ionomer cement (īon´əmər),. n a dental cement of low strength and toughness produced by mixing a powder prepared from a ... Glass ionomer cement composed of a calcium--alumino--silicate glass powder and an aqueous solution of an acrylic acid homo--or ...
New Dental ZOE Temporary Cement with Zinc Oxide Eugenol Dual Syringe 7 ml , eBay. After maintaining ZOE restoration for 7 dee, ... This was probably due to the effect of phosphoric acid etching used in this system. The SB2 adhesive requires xinc pre- ... Effect of eugenol and non-eugenol containing temporary cement on permanent cement retention and microhardness of cured ... The cement was placed on the dentin surface, zzinc in the control group, allowing 1 h for setting. The distilled water was ...
Cannulas were fixed to the skull with a screw and dental cement. MMP-7 (1 μg) was infused on one side of the brain and saline ... Animals and kainic acid-induced seizures.. Adult male Sprague Dawley rats (250-275 g) were injected with KA (10 mg/kg, i.p.) ... Slices were lysed in RIPA buffer (50 mm Tris/HCl, pH 7.5, 150 mm NaCl, 5 mm EDTA, 1% Nonidet P-40, 0.5% deoxycholic acid, and ... Kainic acid treatment induces p75NTR-mediated cell death in organotypic hippocampal slice cultures. To examine the regulation ...
Disclosed is an orthopedic and dental implant ceramic composition comprising hydroxyapatite and whitlockite. Said composition ... Dental cement composition comprising hydroxyapatite and acrylic acid/itaconic acid copolymer hardener. ... Dental cement. US3379541 *. 18 Feb 1964. 23 Abr 1968. Monsanto Co. Alkaline earth metal hydroxylapatites, processes for ... Yamahachi Dental Mfg., Co.. Method of manufacturing implant and method of manufacturing artificial dental root. ...
Two screws and dental cement (Aqualox; Voco) were used to affix the guide cannula to the skull. After at least 4 d of recovery ... 4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid and homovanillic acid (Table 1). Moreover, we found no change in the levels of TH protein, the ... The flow rate of the mobile phase (0.1 m NaH2PO4, 0.1 mg/ml octanesulphonic acid, 1.0 mm EDTA, and 8% methanol, pH 4.0) was 1 ... The micropipette was filled with 200 μm dopamine in 0.9% NaCl containing 20 μm ascorbic acid and connected to a micropressure ...
... dental cement explanation free. What is dental cement? Meaning of dental cement medical term. What does dental cement mean? ... Looking for online definition of dental cement in the Medical Dictionary? ... acrylic acid).. Glass ionomer cement--the different generations ... cement, acrylic resin dental,. n a dental cement, dispensed as ... cement. (redirected from dental cement). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia. cement. [se-ment´] 1. a ...
Dental Product Shopper delivers practical, unbiased product information. Our peer to peer product reviews help you select the ... Tylok-Plus is an anhydrous polycarboxylate cement designed to be mixed with distilled water to activate the polyacrylic acid ... Doxa Ceramir Dental Crown Cement. Doxa Dental Inc.. Doxas Ceramir Crown & Bridge ushers in a new class of luting cements with ... PattersonZinc Cement. Patterson Dental. Zinc Cement is a Type 1, Class II permanent cement with fine particle size for accurate ...
... in delivery of the cement to the target site, and/or following delivery of the cement to the target site. Also provided are ... A feature of the subject methods is that vibration is employed in conjunction with the use of the cement, e.g., in preparation ... of the cement, in preparation of the target site, ... Onoda Cement Co., Ltd.. Medical or dental hardening ... of methacrylic acid esters and acrylic acid esters, and the polymers also include the co-polymers of the compounds named. ...
The resulting cement adheres to dental enamel and is also used as a luting agent. ... Water-soluble low-molecular-weight polymers of acrylic or methacrylic acid that form solid, insoluble products when mixed with ... Biomedical and Dental Materials*Dental Materials: 210*Dental Cements: 77*Polycarboxylate Cement: 7*polycarbonate: 164 ... Biomedical and Dental Materials*Dental Materials: 210*Dental Cements: 77*Polycarboxylate Cement: 7*polycarbonate: 164 ...
Glass ionomer cements (GIC) were introduced into dental practice during the 1970s of the last century (1). The GICs are made of ... powder and liquid; the powder consists of calcium-aluminum fluorosilicate glass and the liquid is 35-65% polyacrylic acid (2). ... Strength and wear resistance of a dental glass-ionomer cement with a novel nanofilled resin coating. Am J Dent. 2011;24(2):124- ... Proposed nomenclature for glass-ionomer dental cements and related materials. Quintessence Int. 1994 Sep;25(9):587-9. PubMed: ...
As a result of the research, many dentists use a small amount of standard phosphoric acid gel carefully placed on just the ... The first resin-modified glass ionomer cement, RelyX Luting Cement from 3M ESPE, has proven itself as an excellent routine ... Cements. After several decades of watching cements come and go, practitioners are finally pleased with the current popular ... and dental cements. I will include my own observations relative to the use patterns of dentists, combined with the available ...
Specializing in dental products, dental supply company, discount dental supplies and dental comparison shopping ... Light Cure Orthodontic Band Cement, Glass Ionomer, One-Component, Releases fluoride, acid etching not necessary, cures in 30 ... Needed a stronger cement We needed a stronger cement for our space maintenance appliances. This does the trick at the right ... Light Cure Orthodontic Band Cement, Glass Ionomer, One-Component, Releases fluoride, acid etching not necessary, cures in 30 ...
Glass ionomer cements (GIC) are common BPA-free adhesives used in the dental industry. These cements are two-component systems ... When mixed, the acids begin to partially dissolve the glass particles. The acid polymers then combine chemically with the ... Many industries have been affected by the safety concerns involving BPA, including the dental industry. The dental materials ... In the dental industry, GICs are also used to bond gold and base metals to resin composites. Their utility allows them to be ...
Dental restorative materials include bonding agents, resin ceme ... An anti-microbial dental restorative composition and method of ... resin cements and resin comprise polymerizable unsaturated monomers, oligomers, prepolymers with or without acid groups or ... A dental restoration comprising the dental restorative composition of claim 1. 17. A dental restoration comprising the dental ... A dental restoration comprising the dental restorative composition of claim 14. 19. A dental restoration comprising the dental ...
Dr Samantha Booth started her research career studying acid-base materials for dental repair using a combination of cements and ... The incorporation of nanoparticles into conventional glass-ionomer dental restorative cements. Microscopy and Microanalysis. ... In vitro bioactivity and setting times of white portland cement combined with different radio pacifying agents. In: 2017 2nd ... Interaction of fluoride complexes derived from glass-ionomer cements with hydroxyapatite. Ceramics-Silikáty. Department of ...
... which is particularly suitable as a component of dental materials is disclosed. ... Hydrolysis-stable and polymerizable acrylophosphonic acid with the general formula (I) ... characterized in that the dental material is a dental adhesive, a fixing cement or a filling composite. ... cements or composites and in particular dental materials. The acrylophosphonic acids show a good solubility, in the form of ...
... the most important oxygen acid of phosphorus, used to make phosphate salts for fertilizers. It is also used in dental cements, ... phosphoric acid fuel cell (device). fuel cell: Phosphoric acid fuel cells: Such cells have an orthophosphoric acid electrolyte ... phosphorous acid (chemical compound). Phosphorous acid (H3PO3), one of several oxygen acids of phosphorus, used as reducing ... phosphatidic acid (chemical compound). metabolism: Formation of lipids: …(neutral fat) is formed from phosphatidic acid in a ...
Self-curing Of Dental Resins. The hardening or polymerization of bonding agents (DENTAL CEMENTS) via chemical reactions, ... Lewis Acids. Any chemical species which accepts an electron-pair from a LEWIS BASE in a chemical bonding reaction. ... Dental Bonding, Chemically-cured. The hardening or polymerization of bonding agents (DENTAL CEMENTS) via chemical reactions, ... Dental Alloys. A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for ...
  • Resin-based: Acrylate or methacrylate resin cements, including the latest generation of self-adhesive resin cements that contain silicate or other types of fillers in an organic resin matrix. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aim of this study was to analyze the treatment of dentin contaminated with saliva on shear bond strength of conventional and self-adhesive resin cements. (usp.br)
  • Self-adhesive resin cements constitute a subcategory of resin-based cements that are capable of bonding with the tooth structure. (drbicuspid.com)
  • 6. Aguiar TR, Francescantonio MD, Arrais CAG, Ambrosano GMD, Davanzo C, Giannini M. Influence of curing mode and time on degree of conversion of one conventional and two self-adhesive resin cements. (bvsalud.org)
  • 11. Mazzitelli C, Monticelli F, Toledano M, Ferrari M, Osorio R. Dentin treatment effects on the bonding performance of self-adhesive resin cements. (bvsalud.org)
  • One of the more commonly used cements is a phosphate cement, which is prepared by mixing together a zinc oxide powder and a phosphoric acid solution immediately prior to application. (google.com)
  • 1. A dental composition which comprises (A) a phosphoric acid group-containing monomer, (B) a carboxylic acid groups-containing monomer and (C) water as main components in amounts of 0.5 to 50% by weight, 1 to 50% by weight and 5 to 90% by weight, based on the composition, respectively. (epo.org)
  • 8. A dental composition which comprises (A) a phosphoric acid group-containing monomer, (B) a carboxylic acid groups-containing monomer, (C) water, (D) a water-soluble organic solvent, and (G) a polyfunctional monomer in amounts of 5 to 50% by weight, 1. (epo.org)
  • 19. A dental adhesive kit comprising a dental primer composition which comprises (A) a phosphoric acid group-containing monomer in an amount of 5 to 50% by weight based on the primer composition and (C) water as main components and an adhesive which comprises (H) a carboxylic acid groups-containing polyfunctional monomer and (I) a polymerization initiator. (epo.org)
  • What are the pKa values for phosphoric acid? (reference.com)
  • The pKa for phosphoric acid is 2.15 for the first dissociation, 7.20 for the second dissociation and 12.35 for the third dissociation. (reference.com)
  • What are the uses of phosphoric acid? (reference.com)
  • The primary use of phosphoric acid is in the manufacture of fertilizers, although it is also used to make synthetic detergents. (reference.com)
  • Other uses of phosphoric acid include the treatment of water and metal, and it is also somet. (reference.com)
  • What is the formula for phosphoric acid? (reference.com)
  • The chemical formula for phosphoric acid is H3PO4, according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. (reference.com)
  • Phosphoric acid is also known as orthophosphoric acid. (reference.com)
  • What is the density of phosphoric acid? (reference.com)
  • The density of phosphoric acid (with the chemical makeup H3PO4) is 1.88 grams per cubic centimeter, when the liquid is under standard temperature and pressure conditions. (reference.com)
  • Phosphoric Acid, NF is a also known under the name othophosphoric acid. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • A mineral acid that is often used for dental cements based on the vigorous reaction which occurs between certain basic oxides and phosphoric acid to form phosphate salt of low solubility. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • I do not know why you would want to make phosphoric acid, as it is a relatively cheap material. (brittmillerart.com)
  • Phosphoric acid: Phosphoric acid, (H3PO4), the most important oxygen acid of phosphorus, used to make phosphate salts for fertilizers. (brittmillerart.com)
  • for weak acid such as acetic acid, its pKa=0.0000175, thus H + concentration of 1 M acetic acid is: 1 * 0.0000175 = 0.0000175 M... I do not know why you would want to make phosphoric acid, as it is a relatively cheap material. (brittmillerart.com)
  • The storage and transfer of phosphoric acid is the same for all the acids and does not depend on the method of production. (brittmillerart.com)
  • 2. DESCRIPTION OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES 2.1 Raw Materials for Phosphoric Acid Production Bones used to be the principal natural source of phosphorus but phosphoric acid today is produced from phosphatic ores mined in various parts of the world. (brittmillerart.com)
  • The easiest, safest and most consistent way is to make acid solutions by mixing powders (or liquids in the case of lactic and phosphoric acids) with water. (brittmillerart.com)
  • 35% phosphoric acid gels for about 60 seconds on a permanent tooth and for about 120 seconds on a milk tooth. (checkdent.com)
  • The most common etchant used in dentistry is phosphoric acid. (animated-teeth.com)
  • OptiBond XTR Universal Self- Etch Adhesive by Kerr eliminates the need for a separate phosphoric acid etch by etching enamel and dentin successfully. (dentalproductshopper.com)
  • Zinc phosphate omes in a liquid made up of 50% zinc phosphoric acid in water, buffered with aluminum phosphate and zinc salts to control the pH and the powder is 90% zinc oxide and 10% magnesium oxide. (rmutk.ac.th)
  • When using the zinc phosphate, the phosphoric acid can be irritating too the pulp, so therefore we would need to use a liner, sealer, or desensitizer too reduce sensitivity. (rmutk.ac.th)
  • Phosphoric acid was prepared first by Robert Boyle in 1694 by dissolving phosphorus pentoxide in water. (jinanforever.com)
  • Phosphoric acid is probably the most important compound of phosphorus. (jinanforever.com)
  • The single most important application of Phosphoric acid is manufacturing phosphate salts for fertilizers. (jinanforever.com)
  • Dilute solutions of phosphoric acid are used as additives to carbonated beverages for a pleasing sour taste. (jinanforever.com)
  • The commercial phosphoric acid is 85% (w/w) in strength. (jinanforever.com)
  • Phosphoric acid is a colourless, odourless chemical substance. (jinanforever.com)
  • Phosphoric acid violently polymerises under the influence of azo compounds and epoxides, reacting violently with bases. (jinanforever.com)
  • Purpose: To evaluate the potential for phosphoric acid solutions - common constituents of dental adhesive systems - of varying pH to solubilize dentin matrix components (DMCs) from human dentin. (elsevier.com)
  • To reduce secondary caries, glass ionomer luting cements are often used for cementing of indirect restorations. (hindawi.com)
  • The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the antimicrobial effect of five dental luting cements which were based on glass ionomer cement technology. (hindawi.com)
  • It has been proposed that glass ionomer cements may decrease caries demineralization at margins of restorations. (hindawi.com)
  • UNLABELLED In atraumatic restorative treatment (ART), caries removal with hand excavation instruments is not as efficient as that with rotary burs in eliminating bacteria under the glass ionomer cements (GICs). (semanticscholar.org)
  • Antimicrobial Capacity of Casein Phosphopeptide/Amorphous Calcium Phosphate and Enzymes in Glass Ionomer Cement in Dentin Carious Lesions. (semanticscholar.org)
  • In Vitro Evaluation of Microleakage and Microhardness of Ethanolic Extracts of Propolis in Different Proportions Added to Glass Ionomer Cement. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Microhardness of glass ionomer cements indicated for the ART technique according to surface protection treatment and storage time. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Long-term antibacterial effects and physical properties of a chlorhexidine-containing glass ionomer cement. (semanticscholar.org)
  • In vitro microhardness of glass ionomer cements. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Antibacterial effects and physical properties of glass-ionomer cements containing chlorhexidine for the ART approach. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Dental Glass Ionomer Cements as Permanent Filling Materials? (mdpi.com)
  • GIC - Glass Ionomer cement Zinc Polycarboxylate cement Zinc Oxide Eugenol cement RMGIC "dentsply cement Amalgam does not bond to tooth tissue and therefore requires mechanical retention in the form of undercuts, slots and grooves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Generally, they can be classified into categories: Water-based acid-base cements: zinc phosphate (Zn3(PO4)2), Zinc Polyacrylate (Polycarboxylate), glass ionomer (GIC). (wikipedia.org)
  • Cements can be classified based on the type of their matrix: Phosphate (zinc phosphate, silico phosphate) Polycarboxylate (zinc polycarboxylate, glass ionomer) Phenolate (Zinc oxide-eugenol and EBA) Resin (polymeric) Based on time of use: Conventional (Zinc phosphate,Zinc polycarboxylate ,Zinc oxide eugenol ,Glass ionomer cement) Contemporary(Resin cements,Resin modified glass ionomers). (wikipedia.org)
  • Fluoride release from glass ionomer cements and resin composites coated with dentin adhesive. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The bonding of glass ionomer cements to metal and tooth substrates. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Songpaisan Y, Bratthall D, Phantumvanit P, Somridhivej Y Effects of glass ionomer cement , resin-based pit and fissure sealant and HF applications on occlusal caries in a developing country field trial. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Glass ionomer cement composed of a calcium--alumino--silicate glass powder and an aqueous solution of an acrylic acid homo--or copolymer. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Lewis , Selma M. , Coleman , Nichola J. , Booth , Samantha E. and Nicholson , John W. ( 2013 ) Interaction of fluoride complexes derived from glass-ionomer cements with hydroxyapatite . (gre.ac.uk)
  • Master-Dent Light Cure Orthodontic Band Cement, Glass Ionomer, One-Component has been successfully added to your Auto Order. (net32.com)
  • Glass-ionomer cement is used in dentistry as a limiting cement and filling material. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • Glass-ionomer cements are derived from the reaction of silicate glass-powder and polyacrylic acid ionomer. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • Glass-ionomer cement is used in the prevention of dental caries. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • Glass-ionomer cement is expected to expand significantly during the forecast period, owing to better features of this material over traditionally used ones, such as resin sealants. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • Glass-ionomer cement has high moisture tolerance, thin film thickness, and the ability to release fluoride, which helps the demineralized tooth to re-mineralize again. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • Due to such unique characteristics, the demand for glass-ionomer cement is anticipated to grow by 2027. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • In dental application, cermets are used, which are metal reinforced glass-ionomer cements. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • In terms of product type, the luting segment held a significant share of the global glass-ionomer cement market in 2018. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • Due to these features, the restorative cement segment is anticipated to hold a considerable share of the glass-ionomer cement market in the near future. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • Disadvantages of glass-ionomer cements are inadequate retention or lack of strength, limited wear resistance, and low toughness. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • Different methods have been used to address the physical shortcomings of glass-ionomer cements, such as thermo-light curing (polymerization), or addition of the zirconia, hydroxyapatite, N-vinyl pyrrolidone, N-vinyl caprolactam, and fluoroapatite, to reinforce glass-ionomer cement. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • Easy availability of various alternatives, which can be used as substitutes for glass-ionomer cement is expected to hamper the market growth. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • Growing incidences of dental problems and innovations in dental materials are likely to enhance the demand for glass-ionomer cement in the region. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • These factors are expected to boost the glass-ionomer cement market in the region. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • 1. A golf ball comprising a core and a cover layer, wherein at least one of the core or cover layer comprises a hybrid material, wherein the hybrid material comprises a fatty acid-modified fluoroaluminosilicate glass ionomer. (google.es)
  • 3. The golf ball of claim 1 , wherein the fatty acid-modified fluoroaluminosilicate glass ionomer is made at least in part by neutralizing the fluoroaluminosilicate glass ionomer with an inorganic metal cation and post-blended with a fatty acid or a fatty acid salt. (google.es)
  • 7. The golf ball of claim 1 , wherein the fatty acid-modified fluoroaluminosilicate glass ionomer is made at least in part by neutralizing the fluoroaluminosilicate glass ionomer with a fatty acid salt. (google.es)
  • The focus of this study was to test the hypothesis that there would be no difference between the biocompatibility of resin-modified glass ionomer cements. (scielo.br)
  • In this context, the focus of this double-blind randomized study was to test the hypothesis that there would be no difference between the biocompatibility of resin-modified glass ionomer cements by an in vivo test and morphological analysis of the tissue inflammatory response after being in contact with these materials. (scielo.br)
  • Our first material is a personal favourite of mine: the glass-ionomer cement (GIC). (marsfielddentalcare.com.au)
  • Colloidal Silicon Dioxide, NF is used in fillers in different dental filling materials such as glass-ionomer and zinc-based cements to improve the mechanical properties by increasing physical resistance and reduce polymerization shrinkage. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • Dental cement ingredients offered by Spectrum are the chemical compounds required to produce Zinc Oxide Eugenol, Zinc Phosphate, Polycarboxylate and Glass Ionomer dental cements. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • Glass ionomer cements are hardly suitable for fissure and pit sealing due to high retention losses. (checkdent.com)
  • We have all the information you need about public and private dental clinics that provide glass ionomer filling in London, UK. (whatclinic.com)
  • A glass ionomer cement is a dental restorative material used in dentistry for dental fillings and luting cements. (whatclinic.com)
  • These materials are based on the reaction of silicate glass powder and polyalkenoic acid, an ionomer. (whatclinic.com)
  • 8,9] Conventional glass ionomer and resin-modified glass ionomer cements have been previously employed, but these have certain shortcomings. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The aim of this study was to assess the surface and the substrate/ glass ionomer cement (GIC) interface after ErYAG laser irradiation by means of scanning electron microcopy. (bvsalud.org)
  • The water loss behaviour of a clinical glass-ionomer dental cement has been studied with and without the addition of alkali metal chlorides. (gre.ac.uk)
  • There are five types of dental cement: zinc-oxide eugenol, zinc phosphate, polycarboxylate, glass ionomer and composite resin. (rmutk.ac.th)
  • Orthodontics: For cementation of bands stainless steel as … Dental cements can be categorized by their main components into five main groups: zinc phosphate, zinc polycarboxylate, glass ionomer, resin-modified glass ionomers, and resin cements (Table). (rmutk.ac.th)
  • Glass ionomer cements are … In this video, we talk about the important topic of dental cements from zinc oxide eugenol to resin cement and how to use them. (rmutk.ac.th)
  • The materials most frequently used for direct dental restoration are amalgam, composite resin (plastic and glass), the glass ionomer (glass + organic acid) and the cement ionomer resin (resin + glass + organic acid). (e-lactancia.org)
  • The surface hardness of the glass ionomer cement (GIC) material assessed in this study can be predictably improved by applying the heat-set technique. (thejcdp.com)
  • A commercially available dental Glass Ionomer Cement (GIC) was studied after setting at room temperature (300 K) to understand its DC electrical conductivity, dielectric and thermal properties. (scirp.org)
  • Babu, T. , Ramesh, K. and Sastry, D. (2012) Studies on electrical and thermal properties of dental glass ionomer cement. (scirp.org)
  • 4] Barry, T.I., Clinton, D.J. and Wilson, A.D. (1979) The structure of a glass ionomer cement and its relationship to the setting process. (scirp.org)
  • 8] Tay, W.M. and Braden, M. (1984) Materials science dielectric properties of glass-ionomer cements-further studies. (scirp.org)
  • 9] Tay, W.M. and Braden, M. (1987) Thermal diffusivity of glass ionomer cements. (scirp.org)
  • 10] Eden, O.R., Foster, G.M. and Hooper, R.M. (2003) Investigation of the mechanical performance of young glass ionomer cement using dynamic mechanical analysis. (scirp.org)
  • 13] Khalil, S.K.H. and Atkins, E.D.T. (1998) Investigation of glass ionomer cements using differential scanning calorimetry. (scirp.org)
  • Due to its chemical, mechanical and biological properties, the glass ionomer cements (GIC) consist in one of the most versatile direct restorative materials, with many potential clinical indications, especially in the context of minimally invasive dentistry. (bvsalud.org)
  • Glass ionomer cements (GICs), also known as glass polyalkenoic cement, has a fundamental role in current Dentistry. (bvsalud.org)
  • Glass ionomer cements are available since the early 1970s 56 and are derived from silicate and zinc polycarboxylate cements. (bvsalud.org)
  • Glass ionomer cements then came from the replacement of the zinc oxide by an ionizable reactive glass. (bvsalud.org)
  • Retention - if an adhesive bond occurs between the cement and the restorative material, retention is greatly enhanced. (wikipedia.org)
  • Historically, zinc phosphate and polycarboxylate cements were used for this technique, however since the mid-1980s composite resins have been the material of choice due to their adhesive properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • A factor that may explain the conflicting results is the adhesive system applied in the various studies: Another contributing factor is the variable time interval during which ZOE cement remains in contact with the dentin surface prior to resin restoration. (monclershopping.us)
  • Control group without restoration and test groups with cement for 24 h, 7 days or 45 dayswhich were further stratified based on adhesive system: Diagram of experimental design. (monclershopping.us)
  • Ivoclar Vivadent introduces Variolink Esthetic, a dual-curing adhesive cement that provides dentists with. (dentalproductshopper.com)
  • PeriAcryl90 High Viscosity Oral Tissue Adhesive is an easy to control cyanoacrylate tissue adhesive that is useful in dental surgeries. (dentalproductshopper.com)
  • 6 . Use of the acrylophosphonic acid according to claims 1 to 5 as a component of an adhesive, of a polymer, of a composite, of a cement, of a molded article and in particular of a dental material. (google.com)
  • 7 . Use according to claim 6 , characterized in that the dental material is a dental adhesive, a fixing cement or a filling composite. (google.com)
  • Many dental injuries require indirect restorations fixed by adhesive cements. (usp.br)
  • These adhesive techniques are extensively used in a wide variety of applications in dentistry, including restorative procedures, prosthodontics, orthodontics and preventive dentistry, making resin-based composites one of the most important groups of materials in dental practice. (mdpi.com)
  • It's the basis of all modern adhesive dental procedures (bonding, porcelain veneers, dental sealants, placing orthodontic brackets) and fundamentally remains little changed since its first introduction in 1955. (animated-teeth.com)
  • The researchers' main outcome was the dentists' decision to bond the crown (use of a resin cement or self-adhesive resin cement) or not (use of another type of cement). (drbicuspid.com)
  • Which is the cement with adhesive properties? (mcqsworld.com)
  • This nanocomplex has been used experimentally with some dental cements and adhesive systems, but it is important to clarify the effects of this procedure, and the remineralizing/desensitizing advantages it offers. (longdom.org)
  • The polymerizable composition of claim 1 or 2 wherein the composition is a primer, a dental adhesive, an orthodontic adhesive, a coating, a sealant, a cement, a restorative, or combinations thereof. (google.co.uk)
  • our expert writers, Please indicate where to send you the sample, Hi, my name is Jenn This cement was developed in the 1960's and was one of the first cements scientifically designed to provide an adhesive bond to the tooth structure. (rmutk.ac.th)
  • Ferracane, JL , Cooper, PR & Smith, AJ 2013, ' Dentin matrix component solubilization by solutions at pH relevant to self-etching dental adhesives ', Journal of Adhesive Dentistry , vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 407-412. (elsevier.com)
  • Maryland Bridge with adhesive cement. (pourlesnotres.fr)
  • Moreover, unlike other aesthetic adhesive materials, such as composite resins, adhesion to dental structures of GIC is less sensitive to technique and its quality increases with time 10 . (bvsalud.org)
  • Unlike composite and amalgam restorations, cements are usually used as a temporary restorative material. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are commonly used to definitively cement indirect restorations, especially resin bonded bridges and ceramic or indirect composite restorations, to the tooth tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are numerous types of precision attachments (also known as combined restorations) to aid removable prosthetic attachment to teeth, including magnets, clips, hooks, and implants which may themselves be seen as a form of dental restoration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bearing two polymerizable groups, it is prone to form a crosslinked polymer that is used in dental restorations. (wikipedia.org)
  • a dental cement used for small restorations on the proximal surfaces of anterior teeth, for restoration of eroded areas at the gingival margin, as base material under dental restorations, and as a luting agent for restorations and orthodontic bands. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 2. In dentistry, a nonmetallic material used for luting, filling, or permanent or temporary restorative purposes, made by mixing components into a plastic mass that sets, or as an adherent sealer in attaching various dental restorations in or on the tooth. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This can be attributed to the rise in the number of dental restorations at the global level and awareness about dental care. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • The restorative cement segment is projected to grow at a rapid rate during the forecast period, owing to the increase in use of glass-ionomers cement in restorations of tooth. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • Retention of restorations on a prepared tooth is the main function of glass-ionomers cement. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • Moreover, glass-ionomers cement has several advantages in restorations, such as strong marginal seal that helps to avoid secondary decay and micro-leakage, durability, and allows easy interior and exterior cleanup. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • The number of dental restorations in expected to increase in North America during the forecast period. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • This market in Asia Pacific is anticipated to expand at a significant pace, owing to increase in the number of dental restorations and spending power of consumers. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • The primary use of polycarboxylate cement is as a cementing medium of cast alloy and porcelain restorations. (free-ed.net)
  • But there are newly developed dental materials allow ceramists to create stronger restorations that may be suitable for such patients, like lithium disilicate veneers. (healthynewage.com)
  • The invention relates to an improved, castable, synthetic resin material, suitable for use in dental and medical restorations, as a replacement for dental enamel and hydroxyapatite bone material. (google.com.au)
  • 4. The efficient way of cementing zirconium oxide restorations. (pourlesnotres.fr)
  • Streptococcus mutans is the main etiological agent of dental caries caused by dental biofilm. (hindawi.com)
  • Cements with antimicrobial potential may be worthwhile in preventing secondary caries. (hindawi.com)
  • Cements indicated for liners and bases include: Zinc oxide eugenol Zinc polycaroxylate RMGIC Pulp capping is a method to protect the pulp chamber if the clinician suspects it may have been exposed by caries or cavity preparation. (wikipedia.org)
  • A dental restoration or dental filling is a treatment to restore the function, integrity, and morphology of missing tooth structure resulting from caries or external trauma as well as to the replacement of such structure supported by dental implants . (wikipedia.org)
  • Streptococcus mutans is considered to be part of the "normal" flora of the human mouth, which is associated with dental caries also known as tooth decay. (kenyon.edu)
  • Dental caries is an infectious and communicable dental disease that affects people of all ages. (kenyon.edu)
  • Mothers with large amounts of bacteria or those who have suffered from many dental caries themselves are likely to transmit the same virulence factors to their children. (kenyon.edu)
  • Proposed Revision of ANSI/ADA Standard No. 39 for Pit and Fissure Sealants: The efficacy of pit and fissure sealants for the prevention of dental caries is widely accepted, which has created a need for this standard. (ada.org)
  • 2,3] Hence, such materials can be considered as low-cost restorative strategies for the rapid treatment of dental caries. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Contemporary caries prevention protocols recommend not only effective remineralizing of CPP-ACP but also to reverse the dental plaque dysbiosis responsible for caries. (longdom.org)
  • In terms of dental caries prevention, this remineralizing option is not better than NaF. (longdom.org)
  • Over the past two decades, scientific research on pit and fissure sealants has established its efficacy as a primary preventive procedure and its importance in managing dental caries. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • While this procedure did not provide long-term protection, it did introduce the concept of preventing dental caries in teeth fissures using a physical barrier. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • In 1976, the Council on Dental Materials of the American Dental Association (ADA) designated sealants as a safe and effective means of preventing pit and fissure caries. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • This is not only because of the social and preventive aspect of this material when one considers dental caries and concepts based on scientific evidence and minimally invasive dentistry, but also its excellent physical-chemical-mechanical properties, such as fluoride release, adhesion to tooth structure, biocompatibility and coefficient of thermal expansion similar to that of dentin 40,45 . (bvsalud.org)
  • The removal of provisional cement for placement of final restoration may leave remnants of the ZOE material on surface dentin. (monclershopping.us)
  • The cement was placed on the dentin surface, zzinc in the control group, allowing 1 h for setting. (monclershopping.us)
  • Abstract To investigate how the hydrofluoric acid (HF) concentrations applied to a lithium disilicate glass - ceramic (EMX) affects the surface morphology and microtensile bond strength (μTBS) of ceramics to dentin , using light -cured resin cements with or without UDMA. (bvsalud.org)
  • Sixty-three EMX square ceramic blocks were etched for 20 seconds using different HF concentrations (1%, 5% and 10%) and luted to dentin using two types of resin cement combinations BisGMA/TEGDMA and BisGMA/TEGDMA/UDMA (n = 10). (bvsalud.org)
  • Resin cement formulation and hydrofluoric acid concentrations can interfere with the immediate and long-term glass - ceramic bond strength to dentin . (bvsalud.org)
  • Acid etching prior to RelyX Unicem application did not improve microtensile bond strength for enamel and dentin. (bvsalud.org)
  • Which one of the following dental cement accelerates the formation of reparative dentin? (mcqsworld.com)
  • Removal of MTA from dentin by applying 37% hydrochloric acid (HCl) to reduce microhardness and push-out bond strength. (hindawi.com)
  • This type of cement adheres to enamel, dentin, and metallic materials. (rmutk.ac.th)
  • Conclusion: Acids at pH levels relevant to those used in commercial dentin adhesives are capable of solubilizing human DMCs, with release being related to hydrogen ion concentration. (elsevier.com)
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strength of selfadhesive cements RelyX U100 (3M/ESPE) and RelyX U200 (3M/ESPE) to enamel and dentin, due to different surface treatments and comparing them with resin cement RelyX ARC (3M/ESPE). (usp.br)
  • Thus, a more durable, less soluble, and more translucent material was developed 33 , with chemical bonding to the dental substrate by the bonding of calcium ions to carboxylic radicals existing in the enamel, dentin and cementum. (bvsalud.org)
  • Previously, the National Research Development Corporation developed a dental cement which included mixing a zinc oxide powder with an aqueous solution of a polyacrylic acid. (google.com)
  • a dental cement produced by mixing a powder prepared from a calcium aluminosilicate glass with an aqueous solution of polyacrylic acid. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A fluoride-releasing restorative cement produced by mixing calcium aluminosilicate glass with an aqueous solution of polyacrylic acid. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Tylok-Plus is an anhydrous polycarboxylate cement designed to be mixed with distilled water to activate the polyacrylic acid and initiate. (dentalproductshopper.com)
  • Polycarboxylate cement liquid is approximately a 40 percent aqueous solution of polyacrylic acid copolymer with other organic acids such as itaconic acid. (free-ed.net)
  • The rate of setting is affected by the powder-liquid ratio, the reactivity of the zinc oxide, the particle size, the presence of additives, and the molecular weight and concentration of the polyacrylic acid. (free-ed.net)
  • The zinc oxide reacts with the polyacrylic acid forming a cross-linked structure of zinc polyacrylate. (free-ed.net)
  • Itaconic acid is a naturally occuring, white crystalline powder and assists in the setting reaction along with polyacrylic acid. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • ErYAG laser irradiation (80mJ/2Hz) or ErYAG laser followed by 40% polyacrylic acid . (bvsalud.org)
  • The application of laser irradiation followed by the polyacrylic acid exhibited gaps and irregularities for both substrates . (bvsalud.org)
  • ErYAG laser irradiation combined or not with 40% polyacrylic acid produced a surface unfavorable for GIC interaction, especially for the resin-modified ones. (bvsalud.org)
  • Allergic reactions to most dental cements are rare but GICs contain a polyalkenoic acid such as polyacrylic acid plus a fluoride-containing silicate glass (fluoroaluminosilicate) powder, and do occasionally cause reactions. (rmutk.ac.th)
  • It was originally polyacrylic acid and has changed over to polyalkenoate cement. (rmutk.ac.th)
  • The polycarboxylate cements were the first materials to provide adhesion to tooth structures, mainly produced by the polyacrylic acid to ensure their biocompatibility, because it is a weak and high molecular weight acid, which does not diffuse through the dentinal tubules. (bvsalud.org)
  • These cements are resin based composites. (wikipedia.org)
  • Where BPA is a concern, alternative BPA-free materials are available for applications like epoxy coatings, dental composites and sealants that pose a direct risk of human ingestion. (adhesivesmag.com)
  • For more on this topic, go to www.dentaleconomics.com and search using the following key words: adhesives, resin-based composites, cements, Dr. Gordon Christensen, Focus On. (dentaleconomics.com)
  • I will provide information relative to the state of the art for resin-based composites, adhesives for tooth structure, and dental cements. (dentaleconomics.com)
  • Nearly all dental resin-based composites use the same resin chemicals, and similar fillers, initiators, and catalysts. (dentaleconomics.com)
  • The aim of this article is to review current knowledge related to dental composites' molecular toxicology and to give implications for possible improvements concerning their biocompatibility. (mdpi.com)
  • Traditional cements have separate powder and liquid components which are manually mixed to form a viscous liquid. (wikipedia.org)
  • n a dental cement, dispensed as a powder and a liquid, that is mixed as is any other cement. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Water-soluble low-molecular-weight polymers of acrylic or methacrylic acid that form solid, insoluble products when mixed with specially prepared ZnO powder. (curehunter.com)
  • ALSO: Insets for the treatment of dental root-canals to reduce inflammation consist of a pin or wire composed of two different metals, such as silver and gold, soldered end to end with gold solder, or of a wire of one metal embedded in a powder of a different metal, or of a mixture of two different metal powders. (rexresearch.com)
  • However it has been realized by those who use these paste that different products, direction for mixing, or different conditions for mixing, have di … Other modifications include reinforced zinc oxide eugenol cement in which the alumina is added in the powder and replacement of 20-40% powder with the polymer. (almodarresi.com)
  • The ratio of the precursors (TTCP:DCPA) in the cement powder was found to influence the initial setting which decreased with increasing concentration of TTCP in the powder phase. (springer.com)
  • A 20% concentration of Glascol-E7 with a cement powder composed of an equimolar ratio of precursors (PCPC-B) resulted in optimal compressive strength within the range investigated. (springer.com)
  • Proposed Revision of ANSI/ADA Standard No. 96 for Dental Water-based Cements: This standard specifies requirements and test methods for powder/liquid acid-base dental cements intended for permanent cementation, lining and restoration. (ada.org)
  • The composition of polycarboxylate cement powder may vary slightly depending on manufacturers. (free-ed.net)
  • Dental cements are hard, brittle materials formed by mixing powder and liquid together. (zbgproject.xyz)
  • Zinc phosphate cement powder is mixed with water for trial cementing of the restoration. (ibird.com)
  • Part of the enamel of the crown of the teeth in some mammals, e.g. ungulates, is also covered by cement. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The resulting cement adheres to dental enamel and is also used as a luting agent. (curehunter.com)
  • Afterwards, the surface of the unprepared dental enamel surface is conditioned with approx. (checkdent.com)
  • In creating the bond between the restorative placed and a tooth's surface, dental bonding science exploits the microscopic roughness of etched tooth enamel. (animated-teeth.com)
  • Although a simple process, acid-etch technique (etching a tooth's enamel surface and creating a bond with it) is responsible for revolutionizing dentistry. (animated-teeth.com)
  • RelyX Unicem showed similar bond strength value (16.5 MPa) when compared to the pretreatment with acid etching (11.9 Mpa) and to the conventional resin cement (18.1 MPa) for enamel. (bvsalud.org)
  • The veneers are individually made for each patient, and look like natural dental enamel. (healthynewage.com)
  • A notable breakthrough in the development of effective sealant materials occurred in 1955, when Buonocore[6] reported the use of acid to etch the enamel surface prior to applying acrylic resin. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The acid-etch technique allowed for sufficient bonding between the resin material and enamel, and provided the basis for further development of effective sealant materials. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Blame Streptococcus mutans , a bacterium found in the mouth that produces acids strong enough to dissolve tooth enamel, allowing the microbe to bore into teeth and cause decay. (acs.org)
  • GERD occurs when stomach acid flows into the esophagus and enters the mouth possibly causing damage to the enamel of the teeth. (colgate.com)
  • The use of provisional zinc oxide eugenol ZOE cement is common in prosthodontics, endodontics and restorative dentistry due to its desirable properties. (monclershopping.us)
  • Disclosed herein are acrylic and methacrylic acid ester-based polymeric materials containing as flexibilizing and brittleness reducing agents 1-60% of C 4 -C 8 polyalkylene or polyalkyldiene compounds, preferably having a molecular weight of 300-2100, and the use of such materials in dentistry and medicine. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Resin-based dental restorative materials are extensively used today in dentistry. (mdpi.com)
  • Since the beginning of their dental practice, Doctors Ocariza have shown even their colleagues their passion for Dentistry particularly Endodontics (treatment e.g. (whatclinic.com)
  • Orthodontic Braces (Dental braces or simply braces) commonly employed to straighten crooked or misaligned teeth come under a branch of dentistry known as Orthodontics . (whatclinic.com)
  • Dental professionals interested in helping develop standards related to informatics, digital technologies, or products and materials for dentistry are invited to review and comment on the following ADA-developed standards and technical reports. (ada.org)
  • Using a question-and-answer format, this book covers all the latest clinical and public health aspects of dentistry as well as how computers and the Internet can manage a dental practice and quickly provide information to dental practitioners. (google.nl)
  • We offer a full range of dental services including hygiene, cosmetic dentistry, implants adult orthodontics and teeth whitening. (whatclinic.com)
  • You can get your custom paper from A wide variety of dental cements continues to be used in clinical dentistry. (rmutk.ac.th)
  • Dental cements have a wide range of dental and orthodontic applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • used in restorative and orthodontic dental procedures as luting (cementing) agents, as protective, insulating, or sedative bases, and as restorative materials. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • FlecksZinc Phosphate Cement is used for cementing crowns, inlays, fixed bridgework, orthodontic bands, temporary fillings and as a base. (dentalproductshopper.com)
  • It is a dental restorative material used for orthodontic bracket attachment. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • Francis Scott Key Bridge (I-695) William Preston Lane Jr. Memorial (Bay) Bridge (US50/301) I-83 over Gunpowder River Baltimore County, MD. 4 The many uses of this cement include permanent cementation of crowns, bridges, inlays, onlays, and orthodontic appliances. (pourlesnotres.fr)
  • Common resin cements utilised for bonded amalgams are RMGIC and dual-cure resin based composite. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bis-GMA (bisphenol A-glycidyl methacrylate) is a resin commonly used in dental composite, dental sealants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bis-GMA was incorporated into composite dental resins in 1962 by Rafael Bowen. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2006), are compared with that of the calcium phosphate hydroxyapatite cement and the nano hydroxyapatite-chitosan based composite cement. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Multilink Hybrid Abutment cement is a self-curing luting composite for the permanent extraoral cementation of ceramic structures made of. (dentalproductshopper.com)
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate histologically the effect of LiF-maleic acid added calcium aluminate (LM-CA) bone cement and calcium aluminate-polymethylmethacrylate (CA-PMMA) composite bone cement on bone regeneration in rat calvarial defect. (scientific.net)
  • After calvarial defects in 8 mm in diameter were created, three groups of 10 animals, a total of 30, each either received LM-CA bone cement, CA-PMMA composite bone cement or a sham-surgery control. (scientific.net)
  • Dental composite composition. (animated-teeth.com)
  • What is dental composite (tooth bonding) made of? (animated-teeth.com)
  • 2) The dental composite, in turn, is bonded to the bonding-agent layer. (animated-teeth.com)
  • So to give the dental restoration its needed bulk and shape, successive layers of a dental material called dental composite (see below) are added to the initial sublayer until the restoration takes its needed form (animation frame #3). (animated-teeth.com)
  • the so-called resin composite cements. (coursera.org)
  • Composite resin is versatile when used as dental cement. (rmutk.ac.th)
  • 20. A method according to claim 19, wherein the composite is applied to the tooth as a core material or as a dental implant. (google.com.au)
  • RelyX Unicem is a dual curing cement and, once mixed, there is a limited … Using a unique silane coupling agent built into the paste - LCSi monomer - the cement delivers a strong, durable chemical bond to porcelain, lithium disilicate and composite resin. (pourlesnotres.fr)
  • Abstract: This present study was carried out to find out the effects of calcium aluminate cement(CaO·Al203, CAC), which has been developed with biocompatibility and mechanical properties, in biological environments. (scientific.net)
  • Abstract: This study evaluated periodontal repair and biomaterial reaction following implantation of a newly fabricated calcium aluminate bony cement incorporating LiF-maleic acid on the regeneration of 1-wall intrabony defects in the beagle dogs. (scientific.net)
  • page needed] Dental cements can be utilised in a variety of ways depending on the composition and mixture of the material. (wikipedia.org)
  • Luting cements are often of similar composition to restorative cements, however they usually have less filler meaning the cement is less viscous. (wikipedia.org)
  • Accordingly, it would be desirable to provide an improved polycarboxylate cement composition which is suitable as a fixing for a temporary dental prosthesis or appliance. (google.com)
  • Disclosed is an orthopedic and dental implant ceramic composition comprising hydroxyapatite and whitlockite. (google.es)
  • 1. An orthopedic or dental implant ceramic composition comprising hydroxyapatite and whitlockite, said composition being prepared by blending 50 to 99.5% by weight of a crystalline hydroxyapatite and 0.5 to 50% by weight of whitlockite, and then, sintering the blend at a temperature of 900 to 1,400 C. (google.es)
  • The invention relates to a polycrystalline ceramic composition usable for artificial prostheses in orthopedic and dental fields, and to a process for the preparation thereof. (google.es)
  • delivering said polymeric bone cement paste composition through said tubular cement composition introduction element in conjunction with vibration in a manner sufficient to fill said target bone site with said polymeric bone cement paste composition. (google.com)
  • 8. The method according to claim 7 , wherein said vibration provides for controlled penetration of said cement composition into said cancellous bone without use of substantial pressure. (google.com)
  • 9. The method according to claim 1 , wherein said tubular cement composition introduction element is a needle. (google.com)
  • 10. The method according to claim 1 , wherein said tubular cement composition introduction element is a cannula. (google.com)
  • FynalCrown & Bridge Cement is a zinc oxide-eugenol (ZOE) composition cement designed for the final cementation of finished metal and PFM. (dentalproductshopper.com)
  • An anti-microbial dental restorative composition and method of use of the same for use in restoring the function and anatomy of a tooth. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The anti-microbial dental composition prevents secondary decay, greatly enhances sustained anti-microbial activity for a longer period of time with minimum harm to the living structure and surrounding tissues and without affecting the composition's restorative properties. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • based on the total weight of the composition, wherein the water sorption of the cured dental restorative composition is less than about 50 μg/mm 3 /week. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 3. The dental restorative composition of claim 1, wherein the polymerizable component comprises at least one monomer or prepolymer selected from the group consisting of 2,2'-bis [4-(3-methacryloxy-2-hydroxy propoxy)-phenyl]-propane, dipentaerythritol pentaacrylate, pentaerythritol dimethacrylate, the condensation product of ethoxylated bisphenol A and glycidyl methacrylate, the condensation product of 2 parts hydroxymethylmethacrylate and 1 part triethylene glycol bis(chloroformate), and polyurethane dimethacrylates. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The cement was mixed according to the composition provided in Table 1, placed in the Teflon mould and then compressed for 20 minutes. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • 2. The dental composition according to claim 1, wherein the linker group is a linear or branched monomeric, oligomeric, polymeric or copolymeric group containing nitrogen atoms at the terminal positions. (patents.com)
  • volts versus a silver/silver nitrate reference electrode, and wherein the polymerizable composition is a dental material suitable for use in the oral environment. (google.co.uk)
  • The polymerizable composition of claim 1 further comprising a dental additive. (google.co.uk)
  • The polymerizable composition of claim 3 wherein the dental additive is a photobleachable dye. (google.co.uk)
  • PowerTemp is an automix temporary cement from J. Morita indicated for temporary cementation of crowns and bridges as well as tryin and. (dentalproductshopper.com)
  • Fixer Cem is due to its especial gel-consistency and uncommonly strong adhesion to the hard dental tissues the first material of your choice for cementation. (royaldentisrael.com)
  • Phosphate cements are not completely satisfactory because they are highly acidic and therefore may be harmful to pulp tissue. (google.com)
  • Additionally, phosphate cements are typically porous and therefore offer no resistance to the penetration of microorganisms. (google.com)
  • These cements had greater adhesion characteristics and caused less irritation then prior zinc phosphate cements. (google.com)
  • Polymer modified calcium phosphate cements made with cement powders of varying tetracalcium phosphate [TTCP] content were prepared using two different molecular weight fractions of poly(acrylic acid) at four different concentrations. (springer.com)
  • Cements Silico phosphate cements 4. (issuu.com)
  • A golf ball comprising a core and a cover layer, wherein at least one of the core or cover layer comprises a hybrid material that contains fatty acid-modified glass ionomers, an ormocer or other inorganic-organic materials. (google.es)
  • The simplest carboxylic acid, acetic acid, has a pKa value of 4.7. (reference.com)
  • Glacial Acetic Acid USP is a weak organic acid and has a distinctive sour taste and pungent smell. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • RMGIC GIC Zinc Polycarboxylate cement Zinc oxide eugenol luting cement ISO classification Cements are classified on the basis of their components. (wikipedia.org)
  • Non-aqueous/ oil bases acid-base cements: Zinc oxide eugenol and Non-eugenol zinc oxide. (wikipedia.org)
  • A second type of dental or surgical cement that has been used is a zinc oxide-eugenol preparation. (google.com)
  • thus, a zinc oxide-eugenol cement is unsatisfactory for many uses. (google.com)
  • In recent years, traditional phosphate and zinc oxide-eugenol cements have been to some extent displaced by new polycarboxylate dental cements, in which one of the cement-forming ingredients is an aqueous solution of a polycarboxylic acid. (google.com)
  • a base de resinas, de óxido de zinc y de HC), en ligamento periodontal humano, se three types of sealants (resin-based, eugenol-zinc oxide, and CH) in. (monclershopping.us)
  • En este vídeo les muestro algunas de las propiedades del Oxido de Zinc y Eugenol, aquí abajo les dejo artículos y el libro donde conseguí la. (monclershopping.us)
  • Efeito do tempo de exposição de restaurações de óxido de zinco e eugenol na of zinc oxide eugenol cement (ZOE) on microtensile bond strength (μTBS) of. (monclershopping.us)
  • On the other hand, cements u eugenol g have potential negative effects on polymeric materials. (monclershopping.us)
  • The eugenol is replaced by an alternative organic acid. (almodarresi.com)
  • Zinc oxide-eugenol cement (Fig. B. The oil, which can also be vegetable in nature, helps to reduce the potential irritant action of eugenol. (almodarresi.com)
  • Replacement of part of eugenol liquid with orthoethoxybenzoic acid (EBA). (almodarresi.com)
  • The oldest type of dental cement still in use is that produced by reacting zinc oxide and eugenol. (almodarresi.com)
  • Zinc Oxide Eugenol Dental Cement is a material created by the combination of zinc oxide and eugenol through an acid-base reaction takes place with the formation of zinc eugenolate chelate. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • In its Glacial form (undiluted), it is used as a polar protic solvent and is a key component in the liquid portion of a zinc oxide eugenol dental cement. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • Eugenol USP is a common ingredient in dental products such as dental cements and mouthwash. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • Which of the following is common to both zinc eugenol cement and polycarboxylate cement? (mcqsworld.com)
  • The author has been using a non-eugenol-based cement, Zone by DUX Dental (www.duxdental.com), for more than 15 years with excellent results. (rmutk.ac.th)
  • The clinical use as desensitizing agent of materials derived from Portland cement as desensitizing agent should be considered for dentine hypersensitivity treatment. (nih.gov)
  • Luting materials are used to cement fixed prosthodontics such as crowns and bridges. (wikipedia.org)
  • The process of preparation usually involves cutting the tooth with a rotary dental handpiece and dental burrs to make space for the planned restorative materials and to remove any dental decay or portions of the tooth that are structurally unsound. (wikipedia.org)
  • Material which is referred to as surgical or dental cements have many applications in the dental field including adhering restorative materials to a tooth, providing a lining in a tooth cavity, and sealing root canals after endodontic treatment. (google.com)
  • Osteoconductive and osteoinductive materials in cements determine the rate of forming new bone tissue of these cements and the percentage of bone regenerating [ 3 ]. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Various metallic and organic materials have hitherto been used as an implant material for a bone or tooth in the orthopedic and dental fields. (google.es)
  • 2 any of a variety of dental materials used to fill cavities or to hold bridgework or other dental prostheses in place. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Dental restorative materials include bonding agents, resin cements and resin comprise polymerizable unsaturated monomers, oligomers, prepolymers with or without acid groups or combinations thereof. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Dr Samantha Booth started her research career studying acid-base materials for dental repair using a combination of cements and bioactive glasses. (gre.ac.uk)
  • Hydrolysis-stable and polymerizable acrylophosphonic acid with the general formula (I) which is particularly suitable as a component of dental materials is disclosed. (google.com)
  • which is particularly suitable as a component of dental materials is disclosed. (google.com)
  • The present invention relates to polymerizable acrylophosphonic acids which have a high hydrolysis stability and are suitable in particular for preparing, or as components of, polymers, adhesives or other materials and mainly dental materials. (google.com)
  • Titanium implants currently widely used in clinical practice, mainly used in dental implants, bone implant materials in the field of cardiovascular stents, with excellent biological activity and irreplaceable. (rexresearch.com)
  • Home Key Engineering Materials Bioceramics 19 The Effect of Lif-Maleic Acid Added Calcium. (scientific.net)
  • The result of this study shows that when calvarial defects in white rats are filled with 212-250 µm calcium aluminate cement, the materials proved to be bio-compatible in growth and healing on the surrounding tissues. (scientific.net)
  • Also described is a process for using the mixed apatites A1), A2) and/or A3) in polymerisable dental materials. (google.ca)
  • The development and widespread use of new generations of resin-based dental restorative materials has allowed for the application of more conservative, esthetic and long lasting restorative techniques. (mdpi.com)
  • Dental Materials MCQs - Impression Materials 1. (almodarresi.com)
  • By the development of the dental sciences, several impression materials are using in every clinic and those are improving day by day. (almodarresi.com)
  • These materials can also be used for cementing the FRC post and core material at the same time. (scielo.br)
  • New questions, answers, and illustrations reflect current additions to dental materials, surgical tehcniques, modalities of diagnosis and infection. (google.nl)
  • The unique properties of biomaterials such as titanium (Ti), zirconia (ZrO2) and various polymeric materials have made them materials of choice in oral health: dental implants, oral and maxillofacial surgery, and even regenerative medicine. (coursera.org)
  • We cordially invite those of you who wish to make a difference in tomorrow's dental materials and oral health development to join us in the 4-week journey in Materials in Oral Health. (coursera.org)
  • and advancement in aesthetic dental materials. (coursera.org)
  • The solution is extremely versatile and suitable for use with all self-cure or dual-cure resin cements and core build-up materials. (dentalproductshopper.com)
  • Glass cements and other dental materials (porcelains, gold alloys, nickel, cobalt and chromium) are nontoxic and safe. (e-lactancia.org)
  • Based on this finding, the polycarboxylate cements gained quickly popularity as cementing agents, but could not be used as restorative materials because of the high solubility of unsatisfactory mechanical properties and unacceptable aesthetics caused by residual zinc oxide. (bvsalud.org)
  • Such dental cements are either water-based cements, or oil-based cements. (coursera.org)
  • In order to encourage pulpal recovery, it is important to use a sedative, non-cytotoxic material such as Setting Calcium Hydroxide cement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stannous Fluoride, Oral Grade is used in zinc phosphate dental cements for the slow time release benefits of fluoride. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • Toothpastes with the American Dental Association (ADA) Seal of Acceptance always have fluoride , which strengthens and protects teeth. (webmd.com)
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Dental Association (ADA), and the CDC all agree that kids should use fluoride toothpaste for brushing, taking care not to swallow it. (webmd.com)
  • The study demonstrated that fluoride containing toothpastes could not sustain anti-acid activity over time. (longdom.org)
  • Common uses include temporary restoration of teeth, cavity linings to provide pulpal protection, sedation or insulation and cementing fixed prosthodontic appliances. (wikipedia.org)
  • Resistant to dissolution in saliva, or other oral fluid - a primary cause of cement failure is dissolution of the cement at the margins of a restoration. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this technique the restoration is fabricated outside of the mouth using the dental impressions of the prepared tooth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Usually a dental technician fabricates the indirect restoration from records the dentist has provided. (wikipedia.org)
  • The finished restoration is usually bonded permanently with a dental cement . (wikipedia.org)
  • While the indirect restoration is being prepared, a provisory/ temporary restoration is sometimes used to cover the prepared tooth to help maintain the surrounding dental tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Removable dental prostheses (mainly dentures ) are sometimes considered a form of indirect dental restoration, as they are made to replace missing teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • 6 & 7 - are the replica of the prepared tooth surfaces, residual ridges used to fabricate a dental prosthesis or restoration. (issuu.com)
  • Those used for indirect dental restoration (inlays, crowns, bridges and frames) mostly are porcelain pottery, porcelain fused to metal, gold alloys and copper and nickel alloys, cobalt and chromium. (e-lactancia.org)
  • Another advantage is the ability to place a fixed … Luting cements are those that achieve retention by filling in gaps between the restoration and the tooth and setting, i.e., turning into cement. (pourlesnotres.fr)
  • It is commonly used to create other zinc based salts as well as polymers such as dental cements. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • GICs become hard in the mouth via an "acid-base reaction", where a polyalkenoic acid reacts with glass-silicate molecules. (marsfielddentalcare.com.au)
  • Because of their ease of use, GICs are also very useful in emergency dental treatment , where often time is of the essence! (marsfielddentalcare.com.au)
  • What is the pKa of carboxylic acid? (reference.com)
  • Several carboxylic acids exist with different pKa values. (reference.com)
  • A carboxylic acid is an organic compound containing the functional group COOH. (reference.com)
  • 1. It is formed by a saponification reaction to produce an insoluble soap if zinc oxide reacted with a carboxylic acid as ortho ethoxybenzoic acid (EBA). (almodarresi.com)
  • Purified Water, USP is widely used as an solvent ingredient in dental products such as teeth whiteners and dental cements. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • What kind of acid is used to etch teeth? (animated-teeth.com)
  • She has referred me to a dental hospital for further treatment for the teeth that should be extracted. (whatclinic.com)
  • Gentle Dental white fillings turn back the hands of time to restore your teeth using the closest techniques to 'invisible mending' there are available. (whatclinic.com)
  • There's no getting around the need to get around your teeth daily with dental floss. (webmd.com)
  • A dental hygienist will start by cleaning buildup from your teeth. (webmd.com)
  • However, in most cases, the dentist typically removes about .5 mm to .7 mm of dental material from the front of the teeth. (healthynewage.com)
  • Immediately before placing veneers, the dentist applies an acid gel to the teeth. (healthynewage.com)
  • Finally, the dentist spreads dental cement on the back of the veneers and affixes the porcelain on the front of the teeth. (healthynewage.com)
  • Iatrogenic dental procedures (wedging of teeth , cavity or crown preparation. (intelligentdental.com)
  • It is also important that the dental hygienist review brushing instructions with the parents to make sure the teeth are healthy and clean. (colgate.com)
  • Dental cements used as fillers in endodontics are in direct contact with the alveolar bone and bone regeneration by these cements is an important factor for their clinical success. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Non irritant - many cements are acidic and irritate the pulp. (wikipedia.org)
  • A root canal filling , for example, is a restorative technique used to fill the space where the dental pulp normally resides. (wikipedia.org)
  • Polycarboxylate cements have improved acid and stain-resistance over conventional dental cements and have the additional advantage that they do not irritate pulp tissue. (google.com)
  • MTA is a bioactive and biocompatible hydrophilic calcium-silicate based cement which releases calcium in the presence of human body physiological fluids, leading to bone differentiation and stimulating mineralization of dental pulp stem cells [ 7 , 8 ]. (alliedacademies.org)
  • In addition certain dental procedures occasionally injure the pulp. (intelligentdental.com)
  • After applying a gentle force to set the porcelain in place, the dentist uses a curing light to harden the cement. (healthynewage.com)
  • Concerns have been raised about the potential for bis-GMA to break down into or be contaminated with the related compound bisphenol A. However, no negative health effects of bis-GMA use in dental resins have been found. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carboxylate and zinc oxyphosphate types of dental cement are removed from dental products by applying a solution containing an organic acid having a COOH radical to the dental product. (google.com)
  • A preferred organic acid is citric acid. (google.com)
  • In accordance with this invention a solution of an organic acid having a COOH radical dissolved in a carrier liquid is applied to the dental product to loosen the adherence of the carboxylate or zinc oxyphosphate cement thereto for cleaning the dental product. (google.com)
  • A preferred organic acid is citric acid which is particularly advantageous because of its ready availability and thus low cost and because citric acid acts as a brightening agent for particular dental products such as those made from stainless steel. (google.com)
  • Invented in 1968, zinc polycarboxylate cement was the first cement to exhibit a chemical bond to tooth structure. (pourlesnotres.fr)
  • Highly acidic foods can cause tooth erosion (dental erosion), which is the irreversible loss of tooth structure. (colgate.com)
  • Polycarboxylate cement is considered the most biocompatible type due to having the most rapid pH rise. (wikipedia.org)
  • A further object of this invention is to provide such a method wherein the solvent does not have the harmful effects of conventional dental solvents. (google.com)
  • A still further object of this invention is to provide such a method which can be used for various dental appliances without the numerous drawbacks of conventional cleaners such as 0.1 N NaOH. (google.com)
  • Therefore, increasing bioactivity in dental and bone cements is of particular significance. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Dental biofilm, called plaque, is a histologically structured, dense, felted mass of bacteria in their self-produced extracellular polymeric matrix [ 6 , 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • A variety of different orthopedic cements have been developed to date, where such cements include both polymeric based cements, such as PMMA, as well as mineral based cements, e.g., calcium and/or phosphate containing cements. (google.com)
  • This reactive glass is similar to that existing in the silicate cements. (bvsalud.org)
  • Zinc Oxide, USP is an inorganic compound that is a common ingredient in dental cements for its antibacterial properties and zinc oxide is on the U.S. FDA's list of generally recognized as safe, or GRAS, substances. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • It is the second largest inorganic chemical by volume, after sulfuric acid, marketed in the United States. (jinanforever.com)
  • All five luting cements showed an antimicrobial potential which was increased by prior incubation with human saliva, suggesting an enhanced effect in vivo . (hindawi.com)
  • Release of antimicrobial compounds from a zinc oxide-chelate cement. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The compound has antiseptic and antimicrobial properties and can be combined with zinc oxide to form a dental cement. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • However, if insufficient tooth tissue remains after cavity preparation to provide such retentive features, a cement can be utilised to help retain the amalgam in the cavity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nickel-Chromium crowns were fixed on the specimens with resin cement. (scielo.br)
  • What influences cement choice for single-unit crowns? (drbicuspid.com)
  • Excessive occlusal tooth preparation, anterior location of a crown, and the use of glass ceramic crowns were associated significantly with the decision to bond," wrote the study authors, led by Nathaniel Lawson DMD, PhD ( Journal of the American Dental Association , April 25, 2019). (drbicuspid.com)
  • These dentists recorded clinical details, including cement type, used for more than 3,400 single-unit crowns. (drbicuspid.com)
  • One surprising observation was that 60% of dentists did not vary their cement selection for any of the crowns cemented within the study. (drbicuspid.com)
  • The authors noted several study limitations, including that the analysis assumed that all crowns that were placed with a resin cement were bonded. (drbicuspid.com)
  • It is our most aesthetic cement and comes in five beautiful shades There is no better way to durably cement your crowns, single-wing cantilever bridges and veneers. (pourlesnotres.fr)
  • I am hunting for the best cement for zirconia crowns. (pourlesnotres.fr)
  • Bioactivity is related to the size and type of the crystalline and amorphous phases existing in the structure and the ion exchange between the cement material and the environment. (alliedacademies.org)
  • 9 . Dental material, characterized in that it contains an acrylophosphonic acid according to claims 1 to 5 . (google.com)
  • 10 . Dental material according to claim 9 , characterized in that it contains the acrylophosphonic acid in at least partially polymerized form. (google.com)
  • We concluded that LM-CA bone cement can be used as a bioactive bone graft material due to ability of bonding to the existing bone and CA-PMMA can be used as a graft material for augmentation of bone-volume due to dimensional stability. (scientific.net)
  • Because of certain favorable properties, such as its easy manipulation and its ability to maintain the morphology of the defect site by acting as a scaffold, the newly developed cement is suitable for us as a graft material, and could be used very effectively in alveolar augmentation. (scientific.net)
  • in which the formulae assume the significance specified in the description, in a quantity that is effective for the absorption of ions from the biological application environment of the dental material. (google.ca)
  • The polymerisable dental material has variably adjustable transparency, good polishability, high strength and the capacity to release and absorb ions into and from a biological environment. (google.ca)
  • 2. Dental material according to claim 1, wherein the refractive index of filler component A) lies within the range from 1.50 to 1.66. (google.ca)
  • 3. Dental material according to claim 1, wherein the particle size of filler component A) lies within the range from 0.01 to 10 μm. (google.ca)
  • 5. Dental material according to claim 1, wherein X, X', X" and X'" are each the same or different and are each independently selected from the group consisting of B 3+ , Al 3+ , Si 4+ , P 5+ and S 6+ . (google.ca)
  • 7. Dental material according to claim 1, wherein a proportion by weight of filler A) amounts to between 1 and 70 wt-%, relative to the dental material. (google.ca)
  • Positive reproduction obtained by pouring dental stone or other suitable material into the impression and allowing it to harden. (almodarresi.com)
  • Part 1 is applicable to both hand-mixed and capsulated cements for and specifies limits for each of the properties according to whether the cement is intended for use as a luting agent, a base or liner or as a restorative material. (ada.org)
  • As you see above that when nitric acid is mixed with calcium carbonate it fizzes so as lead carbonate and when mixed with hydrochloric acid it fizzes as well because it has carbonate material that makes it fizz. (avroarrow.org)
  • Where as some the material are not fizzing when they mixed with the acid because they don't get those chemicals, which make them fizz. (avroarrow.org)
  • They also wanted to determine if factors related to crown retention (preparation taper, occlusal reduction), crown strength (occlusal reduction, axial reduction, material choice), or tooth and margin location were associated with the use of resin (bonding) or water-based acid-base cements (nonbonding). (drbicuspid.com)
  • The most predictive factor related to cement selection within this study was related to the type of restorative material used for the single-unit crown," he wrote. (drbicuspid.com)
  • The experimental incorporation of CPP-ACP into dental cements should be controlled for not to compromise the physico-chemical properties of the material. (longdom.org)
  • Dental cement is a type of dental material that can be used for different purposes. (rmutk.ac.th)
  • In some countries of northern Europe and the USA an informed consent is required about the material to be used for dental filling procedures (Edlich 2007). (e-lactancia.org)
  • Cement Selection Wheel Search by indication or by material to find the ideal 3M dental cement … It is used extensively in new construction for the entire abutment, including the footings, stem (main front wall), wingwalls, cheek walls, backwalls, endwalls (for traffic barrier connection), beam seats, and the piers with similar … Selective etching is required to increase surface area for bonding. (pourlesnotres.fr)
  • 0.05) shorter initial setting time (Ti) than cements containing the lower molecular weight, poly(acrylic acid) [GE7 PAA] The effect of the varying the TTCP content in the three different cement types PCPC-A, PCPC-B and PCPC-C showed that the trends of the compressive strength were specific to the concentration and molecular weight of the poly (acrylic acid). (springer.com)
  • the specific effects however, were again governed by both the concentration and molecular weight of the constituent poly (acrylic acid). (springer.com)
  • 11 . Polymers and copolymers, characterized in that they can be obtained by polymerization or copolymerization of an acrylophosphonic acid according to one of claims 1 to 5 . (google.com)
  • The hardening or polymerization of bonding agents (DENTAL CEMENTS) via chemical reactions, usually involving two components. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Part 2 outlines the requirements and test methods for cements in which setting is achieved by a combination of an acid-base reaction and polymerization. (ada.org)
  • Doxa's Ceramir Crown & Bridge ushers in a new class of luting cements with nanostructurally integrating bioceramics. (dentalproductshopper.com)
  • The dental cement includes a metal oxide, a metal hydroxide and an aqueous solution of a polycarboxylic acid. (google.com)
  • In aqueous solutions acids increase the hydrogen ion (H+) concentration. (brittmillerart.com)
  • When an acid and a base react in an aqueous solution the H+ and OH- ions combine to form water. (brittmillerart.com)
  • 1093 words - 5 pages aqueous (water) solutions of an acid and a base are combined, a neutralization reaction occurs. (avroarrow.org)
  • Cements were prepared using either pure water or an aqueous solution of metal chloride (LiCl, NaCl, KCl) at 1.0 mol/dm(3). (gre.ac.uk)
  • Polycarboxylate cement has lower compressive strength. (free-ed.net)
  • Add few drops of hydrochloric acid using a clean pipette. (avroarrow.org)