Acholeplasma: A genus of gram-negative organisms including saprophytic and parasitic or pathogenic species.Acholeplasma laidlawii: An organism originally isolated from sewage, manure, humus, and soil, but recently found as a parasite in mammals and birds.Mycoplasma: A genus of gram-negative, mostly facultatively anaerobic bacteria in the family MYCOPLASMATACEAE. The cells are bounded by a PLASMA MEMBRANE and lack a true CELL WALL. Its organisms are pathogens found on the MUCOUS MEMBRANES of humans, ANIMALS, and BIRDS.Mycoplasmatales: An order of highly pleomorphic, gram-negative bacteria including both pathogenic and saprophytic species.Tenericutes: A phylum of gram-negative bacteria consisting of cells bounded by a plasma membrane. Its organisms differ from other bacteria in that they are devoid of cell walls. This phylum was formerly the class Mollicutes. Mollicutes is now the sole class in the phylum Tenericutes.Spiroplasma: A genus of gram-negative, helical bacteria, in the family SPIROPLASMATACEAE, order Entomoplasmatales, causing disease in PLANTS. It has been isolated from TICKS; INSECTS; and PLANTS.Entomoplasmataceae: A family of gram-negative, nonhelical, arthropod-associated bacteria in the order Entomoplasmatales. It is comprised of two genera: Entomoplasma and Mesoplasma.Ureaplasma: A genus of gram-negative, nonmotile bacteria which are common parasitic inhabitants of the urogenital tracts of humans, cattle, dogs, and monkeys.Glycolipids: Any compound containing one or more monosaccharide residues bound by a glycosidic linkage to a hydrophobic moiety such as an acylglycerol (see GLYCERIDES), a sphingoid, a ceramide (CERAMIDES) (N-acylsphingoid) or a prenyl phosphate. (From IUPAC's webpage)Membrane Lipids: Lipids, predominantly phospholipids, cholesterol and small amounts of glycolipids found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. These lipids may be arranged in bilayers in the membranes with integral proteins between the layers and peripheral proteins attached to the outside. Membrane lipids are required for active transport, several enzymatic activities and membrane formation.Methyl Green: A tri-benzene-ammonium usually compounded with zinc chloride. It is used as a biological stain and for the dyeing and printing of textiles.Bacteriophages: Viruses whose hosts are bacterial cells.Mycoplasma mycoides: The etiological agent of contagious pleuropneumonia (PLEUROPNEUMONIA, CONTAGIOUS) of cattle and goats.Prince Edward Island: An island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence constituting a province of Canada in the eastern part of the country. It is very irregular in shape with many deep inlets. Its capital is Charlottetown. Discovered by the French in 1534 and originally named Ile Saint-Jean, it was renamed in 1799 in honor of Prince Edward, fourth son of George III and future father of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p981 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p433)Biohazard Release: Uncontrolled release of biological material from its containment. This either threatens to, or does, cause exposure to a biological hazard. Such an incident may occur accidentally or deliberately.Containment of Biohazards: Provision of physical and biological barriers to the dissemination of potentially hazardous biologically active agents (bacteria, viruses, recombinant DNA, etc.). Physical containment involves the use of special equipment, facilities, and procedures to prevent the escape of the agent. Biological containment includes use of immune personnel and the selection of agents and hosts that will minimize the risk should the agent escape the containment facility.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Air Movements: The motion of air currents.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Filtration: A process of separating particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or a liquid, by passing the fluid carrier through a medium that will not pass the particulates. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Weights and Measures: Measuring and weighing systems and processes.Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Polyacetylenes: Hydrocarbons with more than one triple bond; or an oxidized form of POLYENES. They can react with SULFUR to form THIOPHENES.Cell Membrane: The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Microbial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).Professional Corporations: Legally authorized corporations owned and managed by one or more professionals (medical, dental, legal) in which the income is ascribed primarily to the professional activities of the owners or stockholders.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Bacterial Typing Techniques: Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Nostrums: Medicines whose effectiveness is unproven and whose ingredients are often secret.Quackery: The fraudulent misrepresentation of the diagnosis and treatment of disease.Drug Resistance, Bacterial: The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Drug Resistance, Microbial: The ability of microorganisms, especially bacteria, to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Metabolic Phenomena: The CHEMICAL PROCESSES that occur within the cells, tissues, or an organism and related temporal, spatial, qualitative, and quantitative concepts.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Metabolic Engineering: Methods and techniques used to genetically modify cells' biosynthetic product output and develop conditions for growing the cells as BIOREACTORS.Industrial Microbiology: The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.Mycoplasmatales Infections: Infections with bacteria of the order MYCOPLASMATALES.Prokaryotic Cells: Cells lacking a nuclear membrane so that the nuclear material is either scattered in the cytoplasm or collected in a nucleoid region.Laboratories, Dental: Facilities for the performance of services related to dental treatment but not done directly in the patient's mouth.Dental Technicians: Individuals responsible for fabrication of dental appliances.Biology: One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.Technology, Dental: The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.Oral Medicine: A branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the oral and paraoral structures and the oral management of systemic diseases. (Hall, What is Oral Medicine, Anyway? Clinical Update: National Naval Dental Center, March 1991, p7-8)Laboratories: Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.Toll-Like Receptor 4: A pattern recognition receptor that interacts with LYMPHOCYTE ANTIGEN 96 and LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDES. It mediates cellular responses to GRAM-NEGATIVE BACTERIA.Lymphocyte Antigen 96: A secreted protein that associates with TOLL-LIKE RECEPTOR 4 and is essential for receptor recognition of LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDES.Toll-Like Receptors: A family of pattern recognition receptors characterized by an extracellular leucine-rich domain and a cytoplasmic domain that share homology with the INTERLEUKIN 1 RECEPTOR and the DROSOPHILA toll protein. Following pathogen recognition, toll-like receptors recruit and activate a variety of SIGNAL TRANSDUCING ADAPTOR PROTEINS.Endoplasmic Reticulum: A system of cisternae in the CYTOPLASM of many cells. In places the endoplasmic reticulum is continuous with the plasma membrane (CELL MEMBRANE) or outer membrane of the nuclear envelope. If the outer surfaces of the endoplasmic reticulum membranes are coated with ribosomes, the endoplasmic reticulum is said to be rough-surfaced (ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM, ROUGH); otherwise it is said to be smooth-surfaced (ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM, SMOOTH). (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Polymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Ficus: A plant genus of the family MORACEAE. It is the source of the familiar fig fruit and the latex from this tree contains FICAIN.

Acholeplasma vituli sp. nov., from bovine serum and cell cultures. (1/91)

Organisms isolated from commercial foetal bovine serum and from cell culture lines containing such serum supplements were found to consist of non-helical, non-motile, pleomorphic coccoid forms. One strain (FC 097-2T) cultivated directly from foetal bovine serum was selected for characterization. In ultrastructural examination, individual round cells lacked cell wall structures and cells varied in size, with a mean diameter of about 700 nm. However, variable numbers of cells were filterable through membranes of 300 nm. Optimum growth occurred between 30 and 37 degrees C. The organism fermented glucose, fructose and mannose, but did not hydrolyse arginine. The strain was insensitive to 500 U penicillin ml(-1) and was capable of growing in the absence of serum or cholesterol. The organism was serologically distinct from all 13 currently described species in the genus Acholeplasma and from other sterol-requiring species in the genus Mycoplasma, using growth inhibition, immunoperoxidase and immunofluorescence tests. Strain FC 097-2T was found to have a DNA G+C composition between 37.6 +/- 1 mol% and 38.3 +/- 1 mol%. The genome size was determined to be 2095 kbp. The 16S rDNA sequence of strain FC 097-2T was compared to 16S rDNA sequences of other mollicutes in nucleotide databases. No deposited sequence was found to be identical; the closest relatives were several members of the genus Acholeplasma. On the basis of these findings and other similarities to acholeplasmas in morphology and growth, the absence of a sterol requirement for growth, and similar genomic characteristics, the organism was assigned to the genus Acholeplasma. Strain FC 097-2T is designated the type strain (ATCC 700667T) of a new species, Acholeplasma vituli.  (+info)

A method for determining the utilisation of glucose by mycoplasmas. (2/91)

A technique for measuring glucose utilisation by mycoplasmas, in which the disappearance of glucose is monitored by the glucose-oxidase method, is proposed as an alternative to the pH method. For maximum reliability the number of organisms in the test suspension must exceed a critical minimum value. Differences in efficiency of glucose utilisation were demonstrated between species of Mycoplasma and Acholeplasma.  (+info)

X-ray studies on the interaction of the antimicrobial peptide gramicidin S with microbial lipid extracts: evidence for cubic phase formation. (3/91)

We have investigated the effect of the interaction of the antimicrobial peptide gramicidin S (GS) on the thermotropic phase behavior of model lipid bilayer membranes generated from the total membrane lipids of Acholeplasma laidlawii B and Escherichia coli. The A. laidlawii B membrane lipids consist primarily of neutral glycolipids and anionic phospholipids, while the E. coli inner membrane lipids consist exclusively of zwitterionic and anionic phospholipids. We show that the addition of GS at a lipid-to-peptide molar ratio of 25 strongly promotes the formation of bicontinuous inverted cubic phases in both of these lipid model membranes, predominantly of space group Pn3m. In addition, the presence of GS causes a thinning of the liquid-crystalline bilayer and a reduction in the lattice spacing of the inverted cubic phase which can form in the GS-free membrane lipid extracts at sufficiently high temperatures. This latter finding implies that GS potentiates the formation of an inverted cubic phase by increasing the negative curvature stress in the host lipid bilayer. This effect may be an important aspect of the permeabilization and eventual disruption of the lipid bilayer phase of biological membranes, which appears to be the mechanism by which GS kills bacterial cells and lysis erythrocytes.  (+info)

alpha-methylene ordering of acyl chains differs in glucolipids and phosphatidylglycerol from Acholeplasma laidlawii membranes: (2)H-NMR quadrupole splittings from individual lipids in mixed bilayers. (4/91)

A Acholeplasma laidlawii strain A-EF22 was grown in a medium supplemented with alpha-deuterated oleic acid. Phosphatidylglycerol (PG), the glucolipids monoglucosyldiacylglycerol (MGlcDAG), diglucosyldiacylglycerol (DGlcDAG) and monoacyldiglucosyldiacylglycerol, and the phosphoglucolipid glycerophosphoryldiglucosyldiacylglycerol (GPDGlcDAG) were purified, and the phase behaviour and molecular ordering for the individual lipids, as well as for mixtures of the lipids, were studied by (2)H-, (31)P-NMR and X-ray scattering methods. The chemical structure of all the A. laidlawii lipids, except PG, has been determined and verified previously; here also the chemical structure of PG was verified, utilising mass spectrometry and (1)H and (13)C high resolution NMR spectroscopy. For the first time, lipid dimers were found in the mass spectrometry measurements. The major findings in this work are: (1) addition of 50 mol% of PG to the non-lamellar-forming lipid MGlcDAG does not significantly alter the transition temperature between lamellar and non-lamellar phases; (2) the (2)H-NMR quadrupole splitting patterns obtained from the lamellar liquid crystalline phase are markedly different for PG on one hand, and DGlcDAG and GPDGlcDAG on the other hand; and (3) mixtures of PG and DGlcDAG or MGlcDAG give rise to (2)H-NMR spectra consisting of a superposition of splitting patterns of the individual lipids. These remarkable features show that the local ordering of the alpha-carbon of the acyl chains is different for PG than for MGlcDAG and DGlcDAG, and that this difference is preserved when PG is mixed with the glucolipids. The results obtained are interpreted in terms of differences in molecular shape and hydrophilicity of the different polar headgroups.  (+info)

Microcalorimetric detection of growth of Mycoplasmatales. (5/91)

A static ampoule microcalorimeter was used to study the growth of mycoplasmas, acholeplasmas and ureaplasmas. Growth as indicated by thermograms was compared with the results of conventional methods, namely, terminal dilution counts, plate counts, turbidimetric measurements, glucose consumption and pH changes. Removal of oxygen had little effect on mycoplasma growth. The microcalorimetric method is potentially useful for identifying and enumerating the members of the Mycoplasmatales.  (+info)

The recovery of Mycoplasmas from the genital tracts of bulls in artificial breeding units in Ontario. (6/91)

One hundred and thirty-two penial-preputial swabbings, 140 raw and 42 processed semen samples were cultured for mycoplasmas. Mycoplasma or acholeplasma were recovered from 87, 32 and one respectively, while ureaplasmas were recovered from 46, 34 and six respectively.  (+info)

Nisin resistance distinguishes Mycoplasma spp. from Acholeplasma spp. and provides a basis for selective growth media. (7/91)

The sensitivity of 11 Mycoplasma and 5 Acholeplasma species to the bacteriocin nisin was determined. When applied on filter paper discs to lawns of acholeplasma cells, nisin (20 nmol per disc) gave 3.5- to 7.0-mm zones of growth inhibition. The inclusion of 0.2 mM nisin in agar medium reduced the number of Acholeplasma laidlawii colonies by a factor of more than 10(6), and in a salts solution, 75 microM nisin killed more than 99.9% of cells within 1 min. Under similar conditions, nisin had no significant effect upon the growth or survival of Mycoplasma species. At low concentrations (1 to 3 microM), nisin stimulated glucose oxidation by A. laidlawii and Acholeplasma oculi. However, in comparison with carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP), a recognized protonophore and uncoupler of respiration, the maximum extent of stimulation was low, < or = 20%, compared with up to 180% for CCCP. Also, in contrast to results obtained with CCCP, at concentrations only slightly above those causing stimulation of acholeplasma oxygen uptake, nisin strongly inhibited respiration. Inhibition of oxygen uptake was greater for A. laidlawii cells grown in the absence of cholesterol, and on agar medium, growth inhibition by nisin decreased with increasing concentrations of cholesterol. Nisin resistance may be a valuable characteristic in the selection and identification of Mycoplasma spp.  (+info)

Distribution and composition of lipopolysaccharides from mycoplasmas. (8/91)

Polymeric carbohydrates containing glycerol and fatty acids were isolated from whole cells and membranes of mycoplasmas by hot aqueous phenol extraction and gel filtration. Lipopolysaccharides were found to occur in four species of Acholeplasma, two of Anaeroplasma, and in Mycoplasma neurolyticum. None were detected in Spiroplasma citri or in five species of Mycoplasma. All lipopolysaccharides contained both neutral and N-acylated amino sugars in ratios varying from 1:1 to 3:1. The neutral sugars found in varying distribution were glucose, galactose, and mannose. The amino sugars included fucosamine, an unidentified deoxyhexosamine, galactosamine, and glucosamine. Fucosamine and glucose were the only sugars common to all lipopolysaccharides. The fatty acids were similar to those found in the lipids of each organism.  (+info)

Biohazard level, growth media and temperature, gram stain, industrial applications and more information for Acholeplasma modicum.
Plasmaviridae is a family of bacteria-infecting viruses. Acholeplasma species serve as natural hosts. There are currently only one genus (Plasmavirus), and one species in this family: the type species Acholeplasma phage L2. All species known in this family have been isolated from species in the class Mollicutes. This family is poorly studied and little is known about these viruses. The family has one genus, Plasmavirus, which has one recognized member. There are five tentative members of Plasmavirus: Acholeplasma phage L2 (type species) Mycoplasmatales virus-laidlawii 1 (L1) (tentative) Mycoplasmatales virus-laidlawii 2 (L2) (tentative) Mycoplasmatales virus-laidlawii 3 (L3) (tentative) Mycoplasmatales virus-laidlawii 51 (L51) (tentative) Mycoplasmatales virus-laidlawii O1 (O1) (tentative) Group: dsDNA Order: Unassigned Family: Plasmaviridae Genus: Plasmavirus Acholeplasma phage L2 The genome is condensed, nonsegmented and consists of a single molecule of circular, supercoiled double-stranded ...
Synthesis of monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (GalDAG) and digalactosyldiacylglycerol (GalGalDAG), the major membrane lipids in cyanobacteria, begins with production of the intermediate precursor monoglucosyldiacylglycerol (GlcDAG), by monoglucosyldiacylglycerol synthase (MGS). In Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 (Synechocystis) this activity is catalyzed by an integral membrane protein, Sll1377 or MgdA. In silico sequence analysis revealed that cyanobacterial homologues of MgdA are highly conserved and comprise a distinct group of lipid glycosyltransferases. Global regulation of lipid synthesis in Synechocystis and, more specifically, the influence of the lipid environment on MgdA activity have not yet been fully elucidated. Therefore, we purified membrane subfractions from this organism and assayed MGS activity in vitro, with and without different lipids and other potential effectors. Sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol (SQDAG) potently stimulates MgdA activity, in contrast to other enzymes of a similar nature, which
Biohazard level, growth media and temperature, gram stain, industrial applications and more information for Acholeplasma multilocale.
Members of this protein are short (about 85-residue), low-complexity sequences of unknown function, with a highly hydrophobic N-terminal region of about 40 amino acids followed by a charged (Asp, Glu, Lys, and Arg-rich), sometimes repetitive C-terminal region. Members occur exclusively among the Mollicutes (Mycoplasma, Mesoplasma, Acholeplasma, Spiroplasma, Entomoplasma). The gene neighborhood of this protein is not conserved ...
The enzyme from the Acholeplasma class of Mollicutes catalyses the conversion of adenosine, guanosine and inosine to AMP, GMP and IMP. ATP cannot substitute for diphospha
az z leteknek olyan k ros v ltoz sai, melyek az z letnek anatomikus v ltoz saival j rnak, vagy e n lk l az idegrendszer v ltoz sain alapulnak, vagy ism t m s esetekben az z letben tal lkoz
Looking for online definition of Acholeplasma in the Medical Dictionary? Acholeplasma explanation free. What is Acholeplasma? Meaning of Acholeplasma medical term. What does Acholeplasma mean?
Acholeplasma laidlawii ATCC ® 23206D™ Designation: Genomic DNA from Acholeplasma laidlawii Strain PG8 TypeStrain=True Application:
Acholeplasma laidlawii ATCC ® 23206™ Designation: PG8 TypeStrain=True Application: Control strain Pharmaceutical and Personal Care
The interplay between lipids and membrane proteins is known to affect membrane protein topology and thus have significant effect (control) on their functions. In this PhD thesis, the influence of lipids on the membrane protein function was studied using three different membrane protein models.. A monotopic membrane protein, monoglucosyldiacylglyecerol synthase (MGS) from Acholeplasma laidlawii is known to induce intracellular vesicles when expressed in Escherichia coli. The mechanism leading to this unusual phenomenon was investigated by various biochemical and biophysical techniques. The results indicated a doubling of lipid synthesis in the cell, which was triggered by the selective binding of MGS to anionic lipids. Multivariate data analysis revealed a good correlation with MGS production. Furthermore, preferential anionic lipid sequestering by MGS was shown to induce a different fatty acid modeling of E. coli membranes. The roles of specific lipid binding and the probable mechanism leading ...
Lazarev V.N., Levitskii S.A., Basovskii Y.I., Chukin M.M., Akopian T.A., Vereshchagin V.V., Kostrjukova E.S., Kovaleva G., Kazanov M., Malko D.B., Vitreschak A., Sernova N.V., Gelfand M., Demina I.A., Serebryakova M.V., Galyamina M.A., Vtyurin N.N., Rogov S.I., Alexeev D.G., Ladygina V.G., Govorun V.M., Complete genome and proteome of Acholeplasma laidlawii. Journal of Bacteriology 2011 Sep;193(18):4943-4953. http://jb.asm.org/content/193/18/4943.long ...
Spiroplasma melliferum BC3 are wall-less bacteria with internal cytoskeletons. Spiroplasma, Mycoplasma and Acholeplasma belong to the Mollicutes, which represent the smallest, simplest and minimal free-living and self-replicating forms of life. The Mollicutes are motile and chemotactic. Spiroplasma cells are, in addition, helical in shape. Based on data merging, obtained by video dark-field light microscopy of live, swimming helical Spiroplasma cells and by cryoelectron microscopy, unravelling the subcellular structure and molecular organization of the cytoskeleton, we propose a functional model in which the cytoskeleton also acts as a bacterial linear motor enabling and controlling both dynamic helicity and swimming. The cytoskeleton is a flat, monolayered ribbon constructed from seven contractile fibrils (generators) capable of changing their length differentially in a co-ordinated manner. The individual, flat, paired fibrils can be viewed as chains of tetramers approximately 100 A in diameter ...
Spiroplasma melliferum BC3 are wall-less bacteria with internal cytoskeletons. Spiroplasma, Mycoplasma and Acholeplasma belong to the Mollicutes, which represent the smallest, simplest and minimal free-living and self-replicating forms of life. The Mollicutes are motile and chemotactic. Spiroplasma cells are, in addition, helical in shape. Based on data merging, obtained by video dark-field light microscopy of live, swimming helical Spiroplasma cells and by cryoelectron microscopy, unravelling the subcellular structure and molecular organization of the cytoskeleton, we propose a functional model in which the cytoskeleton also acts as a bacterial linear motor enabling and controlling both dynamic helicity and swimming. The cytoskeleton is a flat, monolayered ribbon constructed from seven contractile fibrils (generators) capable of changing their length differentially in a co-ordinated manner. The individual, flat, paired fibrils can be viewed as chains of tetramers approximately 100 A in diameter ...
PromoKines PCR Mycoplasma Test Kit II has also been designed to detect sensitively and specifically the presence of mycoplasmas that are contaminating biological materials such as cultured cells. The kit includes a unique 5x master mix that contains all the ingredients required for PCR: nucleotides, primers, a high performance Taq Polymerase and magnesium. No prior preparations are required for PCR, other than the sample to be tested. The reaction mix contains a precipitant allowing for direct loading of PCR products onto an agarose gel. After performing agarose gel electrophoresis, positive samples will yield a 270 bp fragment. The test takes approximately five hours to obtain clear results and detects all mycoplasma commonly found in cell cultures. The primers have been designed to detect those mycoplasma species responsible for most contaminations in cell cultures (including Acholeplasma) and were tested to be specific for mycoplasma DNA only, not reacting with animal or bacterial DNA ...
... ,Mynox is intended for research use only. Mynox is used for the elimination of Mycoplasma and Acholeplasma in cell and virus cultures, and other biologicals.,biological,biology supply,biology supplies,biology product
Hi Blog Apologies for the delay posting. Work interferes somewhat with things like that, but here I am, blogging again. Weve moved into the house in Korumburra. Korumburra is a small, sleepy town in South Gippsland. It is quite pretty, especially the hills around the town. The street we live on is lined with deciduous…
In the great epic of mans evolution, from the time when the spark was thrown off from the inscrutable yet all-comprehending "Self or "That," "concerning which speculation is impossible" on the upward pilgrimage through all the kingdoms until the human, we have a concept of the building up into a single entity of the combination of all these kingdoms. Man is a composite of these kingdoms in that he retains basic fundamental structures, though not in their pristine state. They are humanized, elevated, ennobled. In this process all the intervening kingdoms are benefited; their evolving entities are not only integral parts of man, but essential to his very existence as an entity. In the matter of health, without the proper basic salts his bodily tissues degenerate and die. Every cell holds a modicum of potash, soda, calcium, iron, magnesium, sulphur, silica, and phosphorus, and the cells themselves represent the vegetable stage of evolution. The vegetable, animal, and human cells are almost ...
Did I miss something? Since when did Venkys grow a backbone? Blackburns bumbling owners and board finally actually put a modicum of pressure on boss Steve Kean ...
CEB526Ge, ELISA Kit for Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), 脂多糖(LPS)检测试剂盒(酶联免疫吸附试验法), LOS; Lipoglycans; Lipooligosaccharide; Lipo-Oligosaccharide; Endotoxin | 仅供体外研究使用,不用于临床诊断!请索取进口关税税单及报关单!
Overview. Research in my laboratory is focused on understanding fundamental biological processes in atomic detail. A multi-disciplinary strategy is employed using macromolecular X-ray crystallography to determine high resolution, three-dimensional images of proteins and appropriate complexes. The structural information is combined with biochemical, biophysical, genetic, and computational analyses to address questions central to cancer biology. In addition to generating basic biological insights, this approach may facilitate the development new therapeutic agents for the treatment cancer and other diseases.. DNA Replication. My laboratory has contributed to understanding the molecular mechanisms that underlie accurate and mutagenic DNA replication. By integrating high-resolution X-ray structures with functional studies and computational analyses we have been able to elucidate key features that determine high-fidelity DNA replication. This work included exploitation of the properties of a DNA ...
Red mud (RM), an industrial waste from the alumina refinery industry, was used as a support for preparation of Co-oxide-based catalysts (Co/RM). The samples were characterized by N2 adsorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and UV-vis diffusive reflectance spectroscopy. The heterogeneous catalytic activity was evaluated in aqueous phenol degradation using peroxymonosulphate (PMS) as an oxidizing agent. It was found that Co3O4 particles were highly dispersed on the RM surface and that pretreatment of the red mud (RM-T) would significantly influence catalytic activity. Co/RM-T catalysts exhibited high effectiveness in heterogeneous activation of PMS to produce sulfate radicals for phenol degradation compared with Co/RM-NT. Phenol degradation followed first-order kinetics, and activation energies on Co/RM-T and Co/RM-NT are 46.2 and 47.0 kJ/mol, respectively.. ...
Results Spectacular transcript changes after M. arginini contamination were noted in GM13509 as compared to control cells after the first 72 h of incubation, ie inflammatory response gene transcripts significant decrease, especially of CD36 (from FC = 7.91 in control to −97.86 in mutated cells) and similarly of IL8 (141.26; −244), CBS (86.55; 21.68) and AQP9 (58.66; 2.59). The most increase of SLC1A2 (122.89; 143.20) transcript related to energy metabolism was discerned.. However, Antigen CD19 presentation and the EBV copy number in both contaminated cell lines were reduced more effectively than in uncontaminated cells. More increase of M. arginini amount during 2-week co-culture was observed in cells with HTT mutation. ...
Fysiologie snellenberg Myologie (leer der spieren) Gladde Spieren, Hartspier, Dwarsgestreept Spierweefsel, Skeletspieren, Spiercellen, Spiervezels, Proprioceptie, Spierfacie, Epimysium, Fasciculi, Perimysium, Endomysium, Celvocht, Sarcoplasma, Myoglobine, Myofibrillen, Actine, Myosine, Sarcomeer, ATP, Tonus, Proprioceptoren, Spierspoelen, Myotatische Reflex, Golgi Peeslichaampjes, Hypertonie, Hypotonie, Agonisten, Synergisten, Antagonisten, Fixatoren, Stabilisatiespieren, Mono-articulaire Spieren, Statische (Isometrische) Contractie, Dynamische Contractie, Concentrische Contractie, Excentrische Contractie, Hypertrofie, Atrofie ...
Cut also with an enzyme which produces shorter fragments from the remaining plasmid backbone to make gel purification easier. Sau3AI is a good enzyme. ...
Helpful, trusted answers from doctors: Dr. Fowler on mollicutes phage c3 virus: Both htlv-1 and htlv-2 are spread by sexual transmission, from mother to child, and by exposure to infective blood through transfusions and injection drug use. In this respect the virus is contagious. It does not appear it is transmitted in any other way.
Big Leaf Aster (Aster macrophyllus) is the perfect plant for shady areas with less than perfect soil. Drought tolerant, it thrives in both dry sand and heavy clay soils that possess a modicum of organic matter. Spreads by rhizomes to form a groundcover. Synonyms: Symphyotrichum macrophylla.
I asked David to take a picture of me with the girls last night and he took it from the worst possible angle ever and it was incredibly unflattering and I know that Im only 3 weeks postpartum but the photo was pretty horrifying and when I expressed my dissatisfaction about the picture, David got all bent out of shape because for some reason he takes it personally when I suggest in any way that he is not a stellar photographer even though he has no interest in photography or photographic composition, so its not like hes trying to be good at it (although I wish he WOULD try). So then he got all snippy with me about it when really I just was feeling sorry for myself and while I DO think he could have taken a more flattering photo if he put a modicum of effort into it, I was not trying to insult his cell phone photo skills ...
Although I feel bad for them for choosing a lousy placement firm, I fail to see how they were deceived. They had every opportunity to ask questions, ask for a written contract and review the contract before engaging the firm. Nobody forced them to fork over the money and from what I can tell they never asked questions before handing over the cash. Did they ask for references? No. Did they seek out other placement firms to compare fees before forking over 5k? No. Instead of doing the smallest modicum of research they just handed over 5k to a stranger. Great idea. I hand out money to strangers all the time. Any person with half a brain (or an working internet connection)should know that you never front money to a reputable headhunter. It doesnt work that way. They get paid when you get placed. Had these people called a reputable placement firm they could have found this out in 5 minutes. Ah, but who has time for pesky research when riches and prosperity can be yours for $5,000? Besides the fact ...
Synonyms for adhesion m in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for adhesion m. 38 synonyms for molecule: particle, atom, mite, jot, speck, mote, iota, bit, crumb, dab, dash, dot, dram, drop, fragment, grain, iota, jot, minim, mite, modicum. What are synonyms for adhesion m?
Sometime tomorrow, the plan is to discontinue Pattys milrinone transfusion, at least temporarily. Im nervous about the effect on Patty, as I was when the dose was halved. With the reduced dose, she seems to have less energy than when she was receiving the full amount. Well keep you posted about what happens. On the plus side, she wont have to lug around the big bag with the pump, so shell at least enjoy a modicum of freedom ...
Ah, the old "its okay to behave like a thug, because, in my opinion, shes said terrible things too!" ; funny, the last time I heard that argument was back in grade school. Course, it didnt make anymore sense then than it does now. Ever consider growing up, perhaps displaying a modicum of class or maturity and trying to rise ABOVE those who you dont respect? Think about it: You seem to have some very strong feelings towards Coulter because of the things she says, yet you seem to mimic her caustic, acerbic way of expressing your own opinion. Quite frankly, I would put both you and her in the same basket: hateful, small minded people who cant see beyond their own predjudices ...
Chris Carelli, SNY.TV Facebook , Twitter , About Me , Archives. This series is the most important one of the season to date. If the Yankees manage a sweep, they pull within 4 1/2 games of the Orioles and the narrative of selling before the non-waiver trade deadline could surely get swept under the rug by ownership that has little inclination to quit.. Of course, a sweep is asking a lot, but it is the only way this club can make a statement strong enough, in my opinion, to hold out any modicum of postseason hope. Taking thee out of four -- still a big task -- allows them to pick up two games in the standings, but that is hardly enough to suggest the Yankees are on their way to big things. A split, and the Yankees are in the same boat they arrived in. If this is to be the only win, then they fall two games further back than when the series began. You get the picture.. Yankees manager Joe Girardi has said the club must take things day by day. Hes correct to think in the short term, but the long ...
This claim is a lie. A persons "worth to society" is not the basis of any part of Objectivism, which is the philosophy I adhere to and advocate. As a living, physically independent entity possessing the unique attributes of human consciousness, I defend the right to life of any born person capable of even a modicum of human thought because that persons life has worth to them and that is enough. If a person decides that life is untenable for them (such as in the case of painful terminal illness), I support the right of that person to terminate their own life in accordance with their own wishes, but I categorically reject any initiation of coercion over the life or mind of man ...
I didnt want to die; I was in serious pain and nauseated as hell, but in one fleeting moment I thought I understood why some people choose to end their lives rather than endure any more pain. I knew that sooner or later there would be at least a modicum of relief. Sooner or later the Spouse Thingy was going to come into the darkened bedroom armed with Percoset and Phenergan and that the edge of the knife of pain would have its blade dulled, and I would be able to get a little sleep. I was sicker than I had ever been, but eventually I would recover ...
We live in a bimoral society, in which people govern their lives by two contrasting sets of principles. On the one hand there are the principles associated with traditional morality. Although these allow a modicum of self-interest, their emphasis is on our duties and obligations to others: to treat people honestly and with respect, to treat them fairly and without prejudice, to help and are for them when needed, and ultimately, to put their needs above their own.
Structure of a lipopolysaccharide Lipopolysaccharides (LPS), also known as lipoglycans, are large molecules consisting of a lipid and a polysaccharide joined by a covalent bond; they are found in the outer membrane of Gram negative bacteria, act…
Creative-Proteomics offer cas 585-91-1 α, β-[1, 1-2H2]trehalose (α-D-[1-2H]Glcp-(1↔1)-β-D-[1-2H]Glcp). We are specialized in manufacturing Stabel Isotope Labeled Analytical Standard products.
After upgrading or installing ISM, the KIS Agent should start the ISM bridge and monitors. These processes could fail to start due to issues with the KIS agent configuration or TEMS application support installation. The following guide shows how you can troubleshoot and ensure that the ISM agent, bridge and monitors start properly. Ensuring the ISM agent, bridge and monitors start
Complete information for ISM2 gene (Protein Coding), Isthmin 2, including: function, proteins, disorders, pathways, orthologs, and expression. GeneCards - The Human Gene Compendium
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Mollicutes is a class of bacteria distinguished by the absence of a cell wall. The word "Mollicutes" is derived from the Latin mollis (meaning "soft" or "pliable"), and cutis (meaning "skin"). Individuals are very small, typically only 0.2-0.3 μm (200-300 nm) in size and have a very small genome size. They vary in form, although most have sterols that make the cell membrane somewhat more rigid. Many are able to move about through gliding, but members of the genus Spiroplasma are helical and move by twisting. The best-known genus in the Mollicutes is Mycoplasma. Mollicutes are parasites of various animals and plants, living on or in the hosts cells. Many cause diseases in humans, attaching to cells in the respiratory or urogenital tracts, particularly species of Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma. Phytoplasma and Spiroplasma are plant pathogens associated with insect vectors. Whereas formerly the trivial name "mycoplasma" has commonly denoted any member of the class Mollicutes, it now refers exclusively ...
Several activated carbons (ACs) were used as metal-free catalysts for degradation of a toxic organiccompound, phenol, in the presence of different oxidants, H2O2, peroxydisulfate (PS) and peroxymonosulfate (PMS). It was found that ACs were effective in heterogeneous activation of PMS toproduce sulfate radicals for degradation of phenol, much better than H2O2 and PS. Particle size of AC significantly influenced AC activity, and powder AC was much more effective than granular AC. The complete phenol removal could be achieved in 15 min on powder activated carbon (PAC) under the conditions of [phenol] = 25 mg L-1, [PAC] = 0.2 g L-1, [PMS] = 6.5 mmol L-1, and T = 25 degrees Celcius. It was also found that phenol degradation was significantly influenced by PMS loading, catalyst loading, phenol concentration and temperature. Surface activation of PMS and phenol adsorption played important roles in phenol degradation. Surface coverage by intermediate adsorption and structural change induced deactivation ...
Most, if not all, CFS/ME patients have multiple chronic bacterial and viral infections.73-80 For example, when patients were examined for evidence of multiple, systemic bacterial and viral infections, the Odds Ratio for this was found to be 18 (CI 95% 8.5-37.9, p, 0.001).75 In this study CFS/ME patients had a high prevalence of one of four Mycoplasma species (Odds Ratio=13.8, CI 95% 5.8-32.9, p, 0.001) and often showed evidence of co-infections with different Mycoplasma species, C. pneumoniae (Odds Ratio=8.6, CI 95% 1.0-71.1, p, 0.01) and HHV-6 (Odds Ratio=4.5, CI 95% 2.0-10.2, p, 0.001).75 In a separate study the presence of these infections was also related to the number and severity of signs and symptoms in CFS/ME patients, including neurological symptoms.77 Similarly, Vojdani et al.76 found Mycoplasma species in a majority of CFS/ME patients, but this has not been seen in all studies.81 Interestingly, when European CFS/ME patients were examined for various Mycoplasma species, the most common ...
B: The influence of substrate and products on Them1 dimerization was determined by … Substrate specificities Belinostat molecular weight We next examined the thioesterase activities of Them1 and of THEM1a and THEM1b using acetyl-CoA (Fig. 3A) and palmitoyl-CoA (Fig. 3B) as substrates. Acot12, Them1, THEM1a, and THEM1b each hydrolyzed acetyl-CoA molecules, with values of Km and Vmax (Table 1) for Them1, THEM1a, and THEM1b that were each somewhat higher than for Acot12 (Km = 34.1 �� 2.1 ��M; Vmax = 57.2 �� 4.4 nmol/min/mg). As was the case for Them1, THEM1a and THEM1b exhibited robust thioesterase activity toward palmitoyl-CoA, with similar Km values for each but with Them1 exhibiting a higher value of Vmax compared with THEM1a and THEM1b (Table 1). However, as has been previously reported (18), Acot12 had no appreciable palmitoyl-CoA thioesterase activity (Fig.. 3B). Table 1 also lists for Them1 the steady-state enzymatic constants for a variety of acyl-CoA molecular species. These ...
Big Leaf Aster (Aster macrophyllus) is the perfect plant for shady areas with less than perfect soil. Drought tolerant, it thrives in both dry sand and heavy clay soils that possess a modicum of organic matter.
But before it reaches that point, you most likely have shopped around, priced and pursued a myriad of virus options. Not everyone, however, has the extra cash or income to be able to buy virus protection or theyre just too cheap to invest anything into a computer they just purchased. As remarkable as it sounds, some consumers believe that contracting a computer virus wont happen to them or theyre start convincing themselves that theyre only going to use their new computer for a few emails, some web browsing and maybe an occasional music download. Even that modicum of navigating can stir up trouble in the form of a virus. So what about a virus protection software of sorts that is free? In this instance, is "free" really the best route to go? Experts will argue this point to a fervor and tell you in no uncertain terms that free virus protection isnt worth much. Theyll point to the notion that price is directly related to effectiveness. That mentality is a bit off target, however, as plenty ...
Volume 3 in the ongoing Japanese Avant-Garde Cassette Reissue Series. The 80s and early 90s saw a great deal of fascinating and exciting material released on cassette in the Tokyo underground. While some of the more noise-oriented stuff enjoyed a modicum of international distribution, the avant-garde material generally did not. This series, whose first release was Iro / Tamafuri (PSFD-180), aims to rescue the best of this material from historical oblivion. Schitosoma Japonica (AKA Nihon Juketsu Kyuchu) were a cracked avant-garde, recording-only offshoot of the freeform rock band Amanita. Formed around 1990, the group lived a communal existence in Saitama, on the northern borders of Tokyo, experimenting with music, magic and psychological experiments. Our basic performance style was completely freeform, utilizing prepared instruments and rejecting regular rhythms and melodic development. Our abiding themes were communication with the afterlife/cosmos and the manifestation of paranormal accidents. ...
I would say ignore. If the hosts dont even use controversial to describe him its pointless trying to call in - its going to be an immigrant hate-fest whether you call in or not and you are not going to win hearts or change minds. I remember 4 or 5 years ago he was raging against the H1 on air as usual and turned around to his staff and asked if CNN too was using the H1program - and the answer unsurprisingly was yes. He has no sense of shame or a modicum of decency - none of his staff members either. And IV is ill-positioned and too narrowly focussed to take him on in any meaningful way given how a core member spoke against the z-visa (for illegals) to some n.carolina newspaper. But again I could be wrong so someone could give it a ...
Going hand-in-hand with this modernity in casting, the dialogue also displays an adept ear for how people talk to each other. It actually takes a bit of adjustment in terms of hearing dialogue thats closer to Whedon (though not nearly so cutesy) than it is to Lucas more stilted style. Even the films central villain benefits from this modernity of language and characterization. Gone are the days where an utterly unstoppable killing machine with a modicum of personality were enough to create a compelling threat. Adam Driver brings an intensity to Kylo Ren, as well as genuine emotional struggle. His desire to drown out his call towards the light side, and fully embrace the dark side, creates a complexity that not only serves as a parallel for the other characters "awakening" but gives his villainy a place to go in future installments. Kylo Ren is unquestionably one of the best villains weve seen emerge in our new age of blockbusters, because its not the outward acts that define him but the ...
But, youll notice I said "partly" above. And that recent comic only partly describes my current state because I really dont see applying to jobs as my full-time job. I still have research to do, revisions to submit, papers and grants to write, students to mentor, and, a life to live! Yes, I am definitely spending a lot of time preparing my materials, and I wont be as productive in lab because of it, but job applications are not my only goal. Yes, I am really hoping I get a job this year (please, please, please), but I understand that it is intensely competitive, and there is a chance (however much I dont want to admit it) that I wont be a fit at the Universities that have openings this year. Sure, it would stink to be rejected, again, and again, and again. Yeah, it will stink a lot. But, Im a scientist; its part of the gig. I feel like, if Im able to make some modicum of progress on my projects during this time, then regardless of the job outcome, the process would only be a failure if I ...
But, youll notice I said "partly" above. And that recent comic only partly describes my current state because I really dont see applying to jobs as my full-time job. I still have research to do, revisions to submit, papers and grants to write, students to mentor, and, a life to live! Yes, I am definitely spending a lot of time preparing my materials, and I wont be as productive in lab because of it, but job applications are not my only goal. Yes, I am really hoping I get a job this year (please, please, please), but I understand that it is intensely competitive, and there is a chance (however much I dont want to admit it) that I wont be a fit at the Universities that have openings this year. Sure, it would stink to be rejected, again, and again, and again. Yeah, it will stink a lot. But, Im a scientist; its part of the gig. I feel like, if Im able to make some modicum of progress on my projects during this time, then regardless of the job outcome, the process would only be a failure if I ...
Chuck Wendig (@ChuckWendig), on the TerribleMinds blog, poses this assertion -- and not for the faint of heart either, especially if you are a self-published author: "Why your self-published book may suck a bag of dicks." Straight forward enough for you? Wait until you read the content! "I (and Im sure other capable writers) have noticed and noted that self-publishing bears a certain stigma. With the term comes the distinct aroma of flopsweat born out of the desperation of Amateur Hour -- it reeks of late night Karaoke, of meth-addled Venice Beach ukulele players, of middle-aged men who play basketball and still clutch some secret dream of going pro despite having a gut that looks like they ate a basketball rather than learned to play with one.... Self-publishing just cant get no respect.... This is in part because its a lot harder to put an album or a film out into the world. You dont just vomit it forth. Some modicum of talent and skill must be present to even contemplate such an ...
Though nature weigh our talents, and dispense. To every man his modicum of sense,. And Conversation in its better part. May be esteem d a gift, and not an art,. Yet much depends, as in the tiller s toil,. On culture, and the sowing of the soil.. Words learn d by rote a parrot may rehearse,. But talking is not always to converse;. Not more distinct from harmony divine,. The constant creaking of a country sign.. As alphabets in ivory employ,. Hour after hour, the yet unletter d boy,. Sorting and puzzling with a deal of glee. Those seeds of science call d his a b c;. So language in the mouths of the adult,. Witness its insignificant result,. Too often proves an implement of play,. A toy to sport with, and pass time away.. Collect at evening what the day brought forth,. Compress the sum into its solid worth,. And if it weigh the importance of a fly,. The scales are false, or algebra a lie.. Sacred interpreter of human thought,. How few respect or use thee as they ought!. But all shall give account ...
Babies are not objects. Babies are not accessories. Babies are not things. That being said, infants cannot speak. Yes, they have a modicum of autonomy, but until they are fully grown, parents are expected to make certain decisions for them.. All this is, is a breakdown of the family unit in America. Soon babies are going to be seen as independent of their parents and that will lead to all kinds of problems. Nobody holds a baby if they dont want to be held. Parents do everything they can to avoid making their children uncomfortable, but this is just ridiculous.. ...
dehumanizing is the removal of the human aspect from a human. Judging someone else and finding them lacking in what ever human aspect is not dehumanizing. Making broad assumptions when related to "romantic interest" is not dehumanizing, it is simply stating what you do and do not find attractive. I can say I wouldnt even approach them due to their body odor, but that does not mean they are not human nor is it implying they are not human, in fact it is to the contrary, as it is trying to maintain a modicum of social standards for cleanliness which is required for human survival as we are a social species ...
But medical school, for better or worse, changes your perception of patients and their plights. Despite all the efforts in the curriculum to teach us to view the patient as a whole, the endless nights and sacrificed weekends of burying ourselves in textbooks and scrambled jargon eventually dehumanizes patients and forces the spotlight on the pathology.. Call it insensitivity or callousness, but this morbid fascination with human illness is one of the paradoxes in medicine - that we must sympathize with the patient as well as with the disease that is harming him and may eventually kill him.. And for better or worse, becoming a competent doctor requires some modicum of this perverse curiosity, a veritable double-edged sword. Anyone who lacks it would simply not be able to survive four years of college dedicated mostly to studying basic biology, another four years of medical school to studying clinical presentations, and then finally another handful of years to specialize, all the while taking on ...
No links for such attention whoring, but you if youd like to see what the modicum of fuss is about, click over to the Daily Callers Betsy Rothstein as she checks out The Grey Ladys Nip Slip, complete with (slightly NSFW) photo: Youd think these things would be reserved for HuffPosts sidebo...
To one who has faith, no explanation is necessary.. To one without faith, no explanation is possible.". -St. Thomas Aquinas. Yesterday an old blog post of mine: Someone to Carry you seemed to strike a rather exposed nerve with a Kindergarten teacher. I went to lunch and returned to 30+ twitter notifications about the post from colleagues that I respect as well as from this individual who happened to take issue with the post. I am a huge supporter of debate and discourse when it is intelligent, based on fact, and has a modicum of decorum which purports mutual respect between parties with dichotomous views. Yet what I returned to (after my lunch) was blatant slanderous statements toward myself based on nothing more than conjecture.. Had this been any random internet troll, I could probably look the other way and move on, however this person is a teacher. Not only is she a teacher, but she is a "connected educator" and founder of a wonderful group of early childhood education teachers who get ...
Manoj Srivastava wrote: , I think if we ratify the constitution, we can get the tech , committee to take over the policy managers job. One of the , objections people had was that the policy manager was one lone , individual, and they felt that they were at the whims of that , individual. The tech committee is supposed to be made up of people , who have displayed a modicum of technical competence, and they are , not individuals either. Ive generally found that rudderless committees lead to impasse. Perhaps if we redesignate the policy manager the policy chairman. Moving the position away fron definition of policy and final decision making and towards /leadership/ of the policy group. Groups without well-defined leaders, without people who set and enforce an agenda, tend to sit around and bicker. (cf debian-devel) If were going to have an anarchy, lets at least designate a chief anarchist. -- Im gonna need some more ammonia. Ted Whalen - [email protected] -- To UNSUBSCRIBE, email to ...
To one who has faith, no explanation is necessary.. To one without faith, no explanation is possible.". -St. Thomas Aquinas. Yesterday an old blog post of mine: Someone to Carry you seemed to strike a rather exposed nerve with a Kindergarten teacher. I went to lunch and returned to 30+ twitter notifications about the post from colleagues that I respect as well as from this individual who happened to take issue with the post. I am a huge supporter of debate and discourse when it is intelligent, based on fact, and has a modicum of decorum which purports mutual respect between parties with dichotomous views. Yet what I returned to (after my lunch) was blatant slanderous statements toward myself based on nothing more than conjecture.. Had this been any random internet troll, I could probably look the other way and move on, however this person is a teacher. Not only is she a teacher, but she is a "connected educator" and founder of a wonderful group of early childhood education teachers who get ...
I have read a modicum about slow release fertilizer pellets. they also come in various strengths depending on the onset such as early spring, during the growing
NOTE: A sad story to begin the week from The Greenwich Times, Greenwich, CT. Our kids (hopefully) have a long life ahead of them, despite their autism. Try to teach them to swim. Try to get a modicum of safety...
Right from the get go, Ill just say: Fuck you moronic motherf*ckers. In the ass. With a candle rolled in broken glass. Now that I feel better, I can begin to speak with a modicum of civility and intelligence. Sucker Punch has been getting beat around by critics. The overall gist seems to be that its real pretty, but without …. Read More » ...
Opens the Highlight Feature Bar and highlights feature annotations from the FEATURES table of the record. The Highlight Feature Bar can be used to navigate to and highlight other features and provides links to display the highlighted region separately. Links in the FEATURES table will also highlight the corresponding region of the sequence. More... ...
A division of the Bacteria (Eubacteria) that has three classes, the anaerobic Clostridia, the aerobic Bacilli, and the Mollicutes (mycoplasmas). They differ from Actinobacteria in having low G+C levels in their DNA. Most, but not all, are Gram-positive. ...
세포배양 및 Bioprocessing 유체에 흔히 오염되는 Mollicutes과 Mycoplasma는 현재까지 190여종이 알려져 있으며, 자가복제가 가능한 현존하는 가장 작은 생명체입니다. 0.15-0.3 µm 작은 size로 일반적인 filtration을 통과하며, Peptidoglycan 형성 억제 기전을 활용하는 많은 종류의 박테리아 항생제에 반응하지 않아 그 오염빈도가 매우 높습니다. 또한 광학 현미경상으로 관찰이 불가하며, viral, bacteria, fungal infection시 나타나는 cytopathic effect, 배양액의 pH 변화, 배양액의 혼탁도(turbid) 변화등과 같은 2차적 변화를 거의 유발하지 않기 때문에 그 감염 여부를 인지하기 어렵습니다 ...
Isms of action on target microBIBS39 biological activity organism than that of existing antibiotics. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) play an important role as a
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; Terrabacteria group; Tenericutes; Mollicutes; Mycoplasmatales; Mycoplasmataceae; Mycoplasma; Mycoplasma ...
Growing up, I can remember seeing Norma Rae and trying to understand what unions did for their members. I also remember hearing about the benefits of the collective voice and wondering how my self-employed father could get those benefits. I grew up knowing what the acronyms SAG and UAW meant and who the Teamsters were. I remember thinking of how great it must be to be part of a group that worked with the company to make sure that working conditions were kept up in order to maintain employee satisfaction and therefore profitability and productivity.. When did all that change? When did being a member of a Union change into something that needs to be kept hidden?. At the risk of being labeled a Marxist, its pretty easy to point a finger at Big Business/Republicans and say that the money hungry bourgeois have spread their propaganda against the tools available to the working class designed to bring a modicum of comfort and peace of mind. When you strip away the rhetoric, who really benefits from ...
JP: The Hard Bounce definitely has a strong voice. Whenever I read it, I would hear Boos voice in my head long after I put the book down - which is always a sign of really vivid characterization. Boston has a powerful presence in the novel, too. Did you use a lot of your background for the novel? It seems like a personal novel in some ways - theres nothing generic or cookie-cutter about it…. TR: Its all part of my background, my history. Theres not a character in there that isnt based on (or an amalgam of) people that Ive been blessed to have crossed paths with at one point or another. In all honesty, Im not that creative. Ive just been lucky enough to have had great characters roaming through my life.. As far as the stories and situations are concerned, they too have a modicum of basis in reality. I just imagine what the outcomes of particular situations could have been had they turned south. REALLY south.. Someone at a book event in France made an observation that many writers create ...
42% of the "cream of the crop" (25%) voted for a man that their faith and any modicum of prudence would preclude them from voting for. (Granted, their faith would preclude them from voting for Romney as well, except in so far as they were voting against the worse of the two candidates; but the point remains - a serious Catholic simply can not vote for Obama; while a serious Catholic can make a case for voting for Romney, bad as he was). This means that 14.5 % of U.S. Catholics take their faith seriously enough to do the bare minimum - go to Mass and attempt to live a Catholic life, at least in the voting booth. And since I know most of those 14.5% personally, I can tell you that at least half of them are despicable people who would jettison the Catechism if it suits them and who are Catholic so that they can feel superior to everybody else thats going to hell. I would venture to guess that half of that 14.5% adamantly supports torture, lying, and the general philosophy of the day, which is ...
When the Joint Opposition first entered into negotiations with the Sri Lanka Freedom Party to contest the LG elections together, a sizable proportion of SLFPers viewed the move with a modicum of suspicion.
7. GVSTVM DE CVCVRBITIS(Pumpkin) Apicius, Liber III, IV, 1.. Cucurbitas coctas expressas in patinam compones. Adicies in mortarium piperem, cuminum, silfi modice (id est laseris radicem), rutam medicum, liquamine et aceto temperabis, mittes, defritum modicum ut coloretur, ius exinanies in patinam. Cum ferbuerit iterum ac tertio, depones et piper minutum asparges. To have the harder ones palatable, do this: Cut the fruit into pieces, boil and squeeze the water out of the boiled fruit and arrange the pieces in a baking dish. Put in the mortar pepper, cumin and silphium, that is, a very little of the laser root and a little rue, season this with stock, measure a little vinegar and mix in a little condensed wine, so that it can be strained and pour this liquid over the fruit in the baking dish; let it boil three times, retire from the fire and sprinkle with very little ground pepper.. 8. LENTICVLAM DE CASTANEIS Apicius, Liber V, II, 2.. Lenticulam de castaneis: accipies caccabum nouum, et castaneas ...
Please, please, PLEASE I beg of you, if you take nothing else away from this post, just take the pinch collar off of your dog before you take him/her to the vet. As I type this, I have little spots all over my left arm. These spots are bruises I got from holding a large unruly dog who was wearing a prong collar at the time. In order to have a modicum of control over any dog, and make sure my vet co-workers cant get bitten doing their jobs, I have to control their heads. This involves wrapping one arm around the neck, and the other around the body. Not only do pinch collars pinch ME and leave little bruises from the pressure I sometimes I have to apply in the course of doing my job, my fingers also get caught in them. This also hurts like a bitch. I can only imagine what the dog is feeling. I dont have fingernails, but one of my co-workers does, and one of hers got bent entirely back past the quick the other day dealing with a dog wearing a pinch collar (completely different from the one that ...
‎Months after the dramatic events that prompted Carrie to undergo Electroconvulsive Therapy, the former CIA case officer has found a modicum of peace in her familys suburban embrace. But the strides shes made towards mental health are threatened when an asset from her former life comes in from the…
The significant genome compaction in mycoplasmas was made possible by adoption of a parasitic lifestyle. During their evolution and adaptation to a parasitic mode of life the mycoplasmas have developed various genetic systems enabling their attachment to host tissues as well as a highly plastic set of variable surface proteins. The generation of a versatile surface coat through high-frequency phase and size variation provides the organism with a useful tool for immune system avoidance, allowing the mycoplasmas to escape antibody attack, explaining why these minute organisms are such successful parasites. ...
Betegesen f l a bakt riumokt l s fert z sekt l egy 28 ves l ny, ez rt napja nagy r sz t a f rd szob ban, k zmos ssal t lti. Hozz hasonl an a lakoss g 2-3 sz zal ka szenved k nyszerbetegs gt l, ami orvosi kezel s n lk l csak m g s lyosabb v lhat.
The adsorption of mycoplasma virus P1, a virus which infects some strains of Mycoplasma pulmonis, to host cells was examined. Mutants of M. pulmonis to which P1 virus did not adsorb were isolated. Proteins from the mutants and from wild-type cells were compared by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and the only observed difference was in the surface antigen V-1. The electrophoretic properties of V-1 also correlated with the host range of the virus. These data strongly suggest that the V-1 antigen affects adsorption of P1 virus to host cells ...
Use of a Monoclonal Antibody to Detect the Stolbur Mycoplasmalike Organism in Plants and Insects and to Identify a Vector in France. A. Fos. Pages: 1092-1096 VIEW ABSTRACT , VIEW ARTICLE. Aboveground Infection of Snap Bean by Ditylenchus destructor, the Potato Rot Nematode. A. E. MacGuidwin. Pages: 1097-1102 VIEW ABSTRACT , VIEW ARTICLE. Effects of Temperature on Sporulation and Growth of Phytophthora citrophthora and P. parasitica and Development of Foot and Root Rot on Citrus. M. E. Matheron. Pages: 1103-1109 VIEW ABSTRACT , VIEW ARTICLE. Perennial Canker of Apple: Seasonal Host Susceptibility, Spore Production, and Perennation of Cryptosporiopsis perennans in Infected Fruit in Eastern Washington. G. G. Grove. Pages: 1109-1114 VIEW ABSTRACT , VIEW ARTICLE. Identification and Spread of Erwinia amylovora on Pear in Turkey. M. Timur Momol. Pages: 1114-1116 VIEW ABSTRACT , VIEW ARTICLE. DNA Probes as Molecular Markers to Monitor the Seasonal Occurrence of Walnut Witches-Broom Mycoplasmalike ...
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Mycoplasmas are unique microorganisms. They are the smallest known free-living and self-replicating prokaryotes and are distinct from gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria by the lack of a rigid cell wall. Mycoplasmas and bacterial L-forms reveal a similar colony appearance (i.e., a fried-egg colony morphology) but have no close relationship, as genomic analyses has shown. Mycoplasmas can be found in animals, humans, plants, and insects. Some mycoplasmas are well described as pathogens; others have been discussed as cofactors, opportunists, or commensals.
Cranberry sauce is a dish consisting of whole, ripe yet still sharp cranberries; a modicum of sugar; and, if you insist, a little orange zest. The whole is simmered until the cranberries are beginning to break up, and then allowed to cool. Under no circumstances whatsoeveratall should it be (a) a solid mass, (b) jelly-like or (c) oversweet. Jelly is for childrens desserts or, if you insist on speaking American English, for combining with peanut butter in a sandwich. ...
Amtrak was still formulating a comment about whether it would be open to a revival of the line as of our deadline.. Amtraks current long-distance lines across the American West, including the Empire Builder from Chicago to Seattle/Portland, are its top money-losers. The long-distance routes are also plagued by poor on-time performance, largely caused by interference from freight trains on shared tracks. The Trump administration has tried several times to reduce Amtraks federal subsidy, but Congressional budget writers reverse the proposed cuts every time - in part to preserve a modicum of train service to rural towns that have few other public transportation options.. Amtrak CEO Richard Anderson, who previously headed up Delta Air Lines and Northwest Airlines, favors a restructuring of the railroads route map to emphasize more frequent service on short distance corridors between growing cities and "megaregions." But the railroads leadership has moved slowly on restructuring because of ...
The essay begins:. Toward the end of 1858, Herbert Spencer was feeling out of sorts. His malaise surfaces in an undated letter written around that point to a close friend, the physicist John Tyndall, whom Spencer had recently seen. "That which was new to me in your position enunciated last June, and again on Saturday," Spencer states,. was that equilibration was death. Regarding, as I had done, equilibration as the ultimate and the highest state of society, I had assumed it to be not only the ultimate but also the highest state of the universe. And your assertion that when equilibrium was reached life must cease, staggered me. Indeed, not seeing my way out of the conclusion, I remember being out of spirits for some days afterwards. I still feel unsettled about the matter, and should like some day to discuss it with you.. It is difficult to behold Spencers dismay without a modicum of vindication. From at least as early as Richard Hofstadters Social Darwinism in American Thought (1955), which ...
Like mentioned above "the pink zones" were once thriving Modicums of male homosexual recreation, all of which was harmless homosexual activity. Some examples of the newly defined pink zones can be places like San Francisco (USA) , Quay West (USA) , Brighton (England), the Island of Mikonos (Greece) and the Island of Lesbos (Greece). The key Factors for social decline in these areas are as follows. Once the world had found out about "Suga Rimming" and its addictive side effects the governments of the world immediately set higher taxes on biscuits. Biscuits were now priced at £15.00 for 0.5g of pure ground Biscuitamine or £40.00 for 0.5g of liquid "Icing" (Biscuitamine concentrate). This was followed by the major powers of the world making the sale of biscuits illegal for any establishment other than specially designated, government ran "Suga Shacks" . These "Suga Shacks" were strategically placed in areas with a high homosexual populous. The initial thought behind these "Suga Shacks" was an ...
Gun Availability, Crime, Freedom & Liberty: "In Jacksonville, do we have a gun availability problem or a black problem? Neither. One must look to Sweden for an example. In Sweden, all adult males keep fully automatic rifles at home. Using the logic of "its a gun availability problem not a black problem," then Sweden should be filled with the shot-worn bodies of its citizens riddled dead by the readily available, vicious assault rifles. But thats not the case. No, not at all. You see, those of us with a modicum of understanding and discernment, and a classic education into the meaning of freedom and liberty, know that what we have is a cultural problem, and not a gun availability problem. The root of the problem is not being willing to, nor bothering to care to obey the laws of the city/state/country in which one resides. When we find an answer to that root cause, then we will be closer to a solution. Blaming the availability of guns is intellectually lazy, and boilerplate DNC/HCI tripe. Anyone ...
Whats the first thing you need to do when you start a brewery? Develop your logo, of course. With any potentially decent brewery, your logo must be a skull, it has to be a skull, youll be laughed out of the room if you dont have a skull. So we went hunting in the area where all the great skulls have come from and were shit out of luck. By those fateful dumpsters all we found was this deformed neanderthal type deal, or maybe its from an ape, and a big ol pile of face. To celebrate our lack of success in finding a really cool skull, we are embracing another required cliché by brewing this American IPA. A modicum of simple malts provide the mediocre backbone to the mountain of various hops that are utilized and rotated throughout the brewing process. Look for dank overtones supported by various citrus and heirloom fruits. Its the straight forward fuckin IPA that you always wanted from us. You lucky bastard. ...
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Fad diets come and go, but the idea of dieting itself has been around for centuries. From President Taft to Victoria Beckham, and the Grapefruit Diet to Slim-Fast, heres a look at some of the most famous (and infamous) moments in dieting history. 1820: Lord Byron popularizes the Vinegar and Water Diet, which entails drinking…
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: The nomenclatural types of the orders Acholeplasmatales, Halanaerobiales, Halobacteriales, Methanobacteriales, Methanococcales, Methanomicrobiales, Planctomycetales, Prochlorales, Sulfolobales, Thermococcales, Thermoproteales and Verrucomicrobiales are the genera Acholeplasma, Halanaerobium, Halobacterium, Methanobacterium, Methanococcus, Methanomicrobium, Planctomyces, Prochloron, Sulfolobus, Thermococcus, Thermoproteus and Verrucomicrobium, respectively. Opinion 79. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 517-518 ...
The formation of aqueous bridges containing phenol and ethylene glycol as well as bisphenol-A, hydrochinone and p-cresol under the application of high voltage DC ("liquid bridges") is reported. Detailed studies were made for phenol and glycol with concentrations from 0.005 to 0.531 mol L−1. Conductivity as well as substance and mass transfers through these aqueous bridges are discussed and compared with pure water bridges. Previously suggested bidirectional mass transport is confirmed for the substances tested. Anodic oxidation happens more efficiently when phenol or glycol are transported from the cathode to the anode since in this case the formation of a passivation layer or electrode poisoning are retarded by the electrohydrodynamic (EHD) flow. The conductivity in the cathode beaker decreases in all experiments due to electrophoretic transport of naturally dissolved carbonate and bicarbonate to the anode. The observed electrochemical behavior is shortly discussed and compared to known ...
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Question to all remaining "journalists" with a modicum of common sense left: WHY do you give this uninformed, ill-educated, confused, young/dumb, first time elected to ANYTHING woman FREE air time to spew inarticulate, improbable, amoeba brain researched craziness?. To consider that this is an example of the NEW, coming, Democrat party, "Leadership even," is SCARY to insanity! The last presidential election proved the LIE that is heard regularly from ALL pundits, or elected mouth pieces: "The American People Are Not Stupid!" That actually may be true; however, that American Electorate that puts these people in positions of governing is completely STUPID….. People in this country better (new word) get WOKE! BTW, my reference to the STUPIDITY observed in that 2016 election was NOT directed at President Trump. Rather, there were millions of people that supported a convicted out of her own mouth criminal in Clinton, and/or, an avowed Socialist/Communist in Sanders - Talk about ...
However, at home womens lives changed little. They were still the eastern women of Soviet imagination. They might work on assembly lines, but also give birth to 12 children. They would not only cook the food for their large households, but grow it on the family plot. They might be sitting their doctorates. But at the same time they would be slaving from morning to night for their in-laws, in the customary Cinderella role of the newest bride in the house. The generation of women who benefited most from those Soviet opportunities and top-down liberalisation are now grandmothers in the 60s. They recall that their husbands did not change as much as their womenfolk. Many women suffered emotional and physical violence at home.. Just as the first generation or two of women had made these gains, when they were starting to enjoy a modicum of freedom, the Soviet regime ended. After that, womens opportunities and the states protection of their rights unraveled with astonishing speed. As one former ...
Im 3/4 through the book, and quite enjoying it. Theres enough Bond in the character to make it interesting and a worthwhile read, and clearly an examination of a spy fallen on hard times, and feeling the effects of age and a changed (espionage) world; trying to regain a sense of purpose. And the writing itself is actually pretty good. My only gripe, and its a big one, is that there is no consistency regarding Bonds past. When previous missions or Fleming characters are discussed, it seems the author only did a modicum of homework as details or even character names (Fred Lieder?!?!) are completely wrong. Its those kinds of details that can make or break a Bond continuation novel, parody or not. Instead of the knowing wink and smile youd get with an intact thread to the Fleming books, the missed information takes you right out of the story and is a real disappointment. But beyond those missteps, and there are a few, the story is a wonderful meditation on Bond as a real person, dealing ...
One night last week, Kane and Jude were having sandwiches for supper; it was one of those nights when I was not ABOUT to lift a finger for anyone besides myself, as I was too busy having massages and bon-bons and shit, so they were making the sandwiches themselves. Usually when they do this, Jude puts a modicum of jelly on one piece of bread, folds it in half, and calls it a sandwich. On this particular evening, I had called in from my pedicure and foot rub to tell him to use two pieces of bread for petes blue-eyed sakes, and put some God damn peanut butter on there too! So I was standing there, and Jude was making his sandwich, and he put a teeny-tiny smear of jelly on the bread, licked the knife, and then DIPPED IT BACK INTO THE JELLY JAR, and then LICKED IT SOME MORE. After I awoke from my simultaneous stroke/coma, I said, "You CANNOT put that knife back in the jelly after youve LICKED IT." And what I actually intended was for him to put that knife in the sink and get a new one. As much as ...
Florida - Early reports from local news sources indicate a widening insurgent movement in Floridas coastal waters. Dolphins, commonly supposed to possess a modicum of intelligence, are now fighting back with the only weapons available to them. Whether this new dolphin militancy will be effective in the face of the adversarys opposible-thumb asset and the technology devolving from it remains to be seen. Will the dolphins be able to carry their war to the enemys turf?. More details from local television here. ...
Acholeplasma laidlawii. 23206 0.3 µm. Bacillus subtilis spores. 82 0.5 µm. Pseudomonas diminuta. 19146 ...
Acholeplasma species serve as natural hosts. There are currently only one genus (Plasmavirus), and one species in this family: ... Acholeplasma species serve as the natural host. A productive infectious cycle begins before a lysogenic cycle establishes the ... There are five tentative members of Plasmavirus: Acholeplasma phage L2 (type species) Mycoplasmatales virus-laidlawii 1 (L1) ( ... the type species Acholeplasma phage L2. All species known in this family have been isolated from species in the class ...
... and Acholeplasma". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 46 (4): 885-890. doi:10.1099/00207713-46-4-885. PMID ...
The Putative Acholeplasma Phage L2 Holin (L2 Holin) Family (TC# 1.E.59) consists of a putative holin (TC# 1.E.59.1.1; 81 amino ... The Putative Acholeplasma Phage L2 Holin (L2 Holin) Family", which is licensed in a way that permits reuse under the Creative ... The Putative Acholeplasma Phage L2 Holin (L2 Holin) Family". TCDB. Retrieved 2016-03-30. Molecular and Cellular Biology portal ...
Genus Acholeplasma. *Genus Phytoplasma (Candidatus). Filum Fusobacteria[sunting , sunting sumber]. *Famili Fusobacteriaceae * ...
Tryon VV, Pollack D (1984). "Purine metabolism in Acholeplasma laidlawii B: novel PPi-dependent nucleoside kinase activity". J ...
"Genomic and proteomic profiles of Acholeplasma laidlawii strains differing in sensitivity to ciprofloxacin." Doklady ...
"Correlation between bilayer lipid dynamics and activity of the diglucosyldiacylglycerol synthase from Acholeplasma laidlawii ...
There are currently seven species in this genus including the type species Acholeplasma phage MV-L51. Group: ssDNA Order: ... Unassigned Family: Inoviridae Genus: Plectrovirus Acholeplasma phage MV-L51 Spiroplasma phage 1-aa Spiroplasma phage 1-C74 ...
1983). "Intraspecies Genetic Relatedness among Strains of Acholeplasma laidlawii and of Acholeplasma axanthum by Nucleic Acid ... comprising the genera Acholeplasma and Phytoplasma. Yet, Phytoplasma has the candidatus state, because members still could not ...
Acholeplasma, Anaeroplasma, and Mycoplasma. Haemoplasmas is the name given to the trivial cluster that includes M. haemofelis ...
Thermoproteales and Verrucomicrobiales are the genera Acholeplasma, Halanaerobium, Halobacterium, Methanobacterium, ...
Acholeplasma phage MV-L51 Spiroplasma phage 1-aa Spiroplasma phage 1-C74 Spiroplasma phage 1-KC3 Spiroplasma phage 1-R8A2B ... Acholeplasma phage L2 Family: Polydnaviridae Genus: Bracovirus Apanteles crassicornis bracovirus Apanteles fumiferanae ...
... and there seems to be only a single tRNA-CCA for tryptophan in Acholeplasma laidlawii (Tanaka et al. 1989). In contrast, in a ...
Acholeplasma phage MV-L51 Spiroplasma phage 1-aa Spiroplasma phage 1-C74 Spiroplasma phage 1-KC3 Spiroplasma phage 1-R8A2B ...
The Putative Acholeplasma Phage L2 Holin (L2 Holin) Family 9.B.109 - The Putative Archaeal 2 TMS Holin (A2-Hol) Family 9.B.154 ...
Family Acholeplasmataceae Genus Acholeplasma Genus Phytoplasma (Candidatus) Family Fusobacteriaceae Genus Fusobacterium Species ...
Acholeplasma MeSH B03.440.560.074.150.500 --- Acholeplasma laidlawii MeSH B03.440.560.074.575 --- Phytoplasma MeSH B03.440. ...
Acara orthobunyavirus Acerodon celebensis polyomavirus 1 Acerodon celebensis polyomavirus 2 Acholeplasma virus L2 Acholeplasma ...
... laidlawii is a common contaminant of cell culture media products, and has also been used in extensive studies of ... The G+C content is low, ranging from 26 - 36% (mol%). The genomes of Acholeplasma species range in size from 1.5 to 1.65 Mbp. ... Acholeplasma are wall-less bacteria in the Mollicutes class. They include saprotrophic or pathogenic species. There are 15 ... Windsor, Helena M.; Windsor, G. David; Noordergraaf, J.H. (2010). "The growth and long term survival of Acholeplasma laidlawii ...
... are small bacteria which lack a cell wall. Like other Acholeplasma and Mycoplasma, A. laidlawii has been ... Parte, A.C. "Acholeplasma". www.bacterio.net. Lazarev VN; Levitskii SA; Basovskii YL; Chukin MM; Akopian TA; et al. (September ... Acholeplasma laidlawii may contaminate bovine serum and also occurs in serum-free cell culture media products. The presence of ... Type strain of Acholeplasma laidlawii at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase A. laidlawii genome sequence from NCBI. ...
Acholeplasma phage MV-L51 (L51) is a virus species. It is the type species of the plectrovirus genus. Christian Tidona; ... ISBN 978-0-387-95919-1. Data related to Acholeplasma virus MV-L51 at Wikispecies. ...
Talk:Acholeplasma virus MV-L51. *Talk:Acid-stable equine picornaviruses. *Talk:Actinophage ...
Bakteri merupakan organisme mikroskopik.[14] Hal ini menyebabkan organisme ini sangat sulit untuk dideteksi, terutama sebelum ditemukannya mikroskop.[14] Barulah setelah abad ke-19 ilmu tentang mikroorganisme, terutama bakteri (bakteriologi), mulai berkembang.[14] Seiring dengan perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan, berbagai hal tentang bakteri telah berhasil ditelusuri.[14] Akan tetapi, perkembangan tersebut tidak terlepas dari peranan berbagai tokoh penting seperti Robert Hooke, Antony van Leeuwenhoek, Ferdinand Cohn, dan Robert Koch.[14] Istilah bacterium diperkenalkan di kemudian hari oleh Ehrenberg pada tahun 1828, diambil dari kata Yunani βακτηριον (bakterion) yang memiliki arti "batang-batang kecil".[14] Pengetahuan tentang bakteri berkembang setelah serangkaian percobaan yang dilakukan oleh Louis Pasteur, yang melahirkan cabang ilmu mikrobiologi.[14] Bakteriologi adalah cabang mikrobiologi yang mempelajari biologi bakteri.[6] Robert Hooke (1635-1703), seorang ahli matematika dan ...
Sejak pertengahan 1970-an, semakin banyak riset di bidang komparasi gen pada level molekular (dimulai dengan gen ribosomal RNA) sebagai faktor utama dalam klasifikasi; kemiripan genetik ditekankan terhadap penampilan luar dan perilaku. Tingakatan taxonomi, termasuk kingdom, adalah kelompok organisme dengan nenek moyang yang sama, baik monofilik (semua keturunan dari satu nenek moyang yang sama) atau parafilik (hanya beberapa keturunan dari satu nenek moyang yang sama). Berdasarkan studi RNA, Carl Woese membagi prokaryote (Kingdom Monera) menjadi dua kelompok, yaitu Eubacteria dan Archaebacteria, karena ada banyak perbedaan genetik antara dua kelompok ini. Eukaryote , seperti tumbuhan, fungi dan hewan mungkin tampak serupa, tetapi mirip dalam genetiknya di tingkatan molekular dibandingkan Eubacteria atau Archaebacteria. (Ditemukan juga bahwa eukaryote lebih dekat secara genetik dengan Archaebacteria daripada dengan Eubacteria.) Woese menciptakan sistem "tiga kingdom utama" atau "urkingdom".[8] In ...
Acholeplasma laidlawii is a common contaminant of cell culture media products, and has also been used in extensive studies of ... The G+C content is low, ranging from 26 - 36% (mol%). The genomes of Acholeplasma species range in size from 1.5 to 1.65 Mbp. ... Acholeplasma are wall-less bacteria in the Mollicutes class. They include saprotrophic or pathogenic species. There are 15 ... Windsor, Helena M.; Windsor, G. David; Noordergraaf, J.H. (2010). "The growth and long term survival of Acholeplasma laidlawii ...
Acholeplasma laidlawii are small bacteria which lack a cell wall. Like other Acholeplasma and Mycoplasma, A. laidlawii has been ... Parte, A.C. "Acholeplasma". www.bacterio.net. Lazarev VN; Levitskii SA; Basovskii YL; Chukin MM; Akopian TA; et al. (September ... Acholeplasma laidlawii may contaminate bovine serum and also occurs in serum-free cell culture media products. The presence of ... Type strain of Acholeplasma laidlawii at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase A. laidlawii genome sequence from NCBI. ...
Acholeplasma phage MV-L51 (L51) is a virus species. It is the type species of the plectrovirus genus. Christian Tidona; ... ISBN 978-0-387-95919-1. Data related to Acholeplasma virus MV-L51 at Wikispecies. ...
... Vladislav M. Chernov,1 Olga A. Chernova,1 ... Acholeplasma brassicae , A. palmae and A. laidlawii and Their Comparison to the Obligate Parasites from Candidatus Phytoplasma ... I. E. Vishnyakov, S. A. Levitskii, and S. N. Borchsenius, "The effect of heat shock on phytopathogenic mycoplasma Acholeplasma ... Acholeplasma laidlawii Extracellular Vesicles Mediate the Export of Ciprofloxacin and a Mutant Gene Related to the Antibiotic ...
Acholeplasma laidlawii ATCC ® 23206-MINI-PACK™ Designation: PG8 TypeStrain=True Application: ATCC ® 23206-MINI-PACK™ consists ... Nucleotide (GenBank) : X15508 Acholeplasma laidlawii gene for tRNA-Trp. Nucleotide (GenBank) : U14905 Acholeplasma laidlawii ... Acholeplasma laidlawii (Sabin) Edward and Freundt (ATCC® 23206D™) Add to frozen Concentration: 1 ng/µL. Volume: 50 µL. Total ... Acholeplasma laidlawii (Sabin) Edward and Freundt ATCC® 23206-MINI-PACK™ frozen 6 ready-to-use vials of ATCC® 23206™ in ...
Acholeplasma laidlawii ATCC ® 23206™ Designation: PG8 TypeStrain=True Application: Control strain Pharmaceutical and Personal ... Nucleotide (GenBank) : X15508 Acholeplasma laidlawii gene for tRNA-Trp. Nucleotide (GenBank) : U14905 Acholeplasma laidlawii ... Acholeplasma laidlawii (Sabin) Edward and Freundt (ATCC® 23206™) Strain Designations: PG8 [NCTC 10116, PG8; A] / Type Strain: ... Nucleotide (GenBank) : AF294996 Acholeplasma laidlawii 16S-23S ribosomal RNA intergenic spacer, complete sequence; and 23S ...
Acholeplasma laidlawii ATCC ® 23206™ Designation: PG8 TypeStrain=True Application: Control strain Pharmaceutical and Personal ... Nucleotide (GenBank) : X15508 Acholeplasma laidlawii gene for tRNA-Trp. Nucleotide (GenBank) : U14905 Acholeplasma laidlawii ... Acholeplasma laidlawii (Sabin) Edward and Freundt (ATCC® qCRM-23206D™) Add to frozen Specification range: 1x106 - 1x107 genome ... Acholeplasma laidlawii (Sabin) Edward and Freundt (ATCC® 23206D™) Add to frozen Concentration: 1 ng/µL. Volume: 50 µL. Total ...
Genomic DNA from Acholeplasma laidlawii Strain PG8 TypeStrain=True Application: ... Acholeplasma laidlawii (Sabin) Edward and Freundt (ATCC® 23206D™) Strain Designations: Genomic DNA from Acholeplasma laidlawii ... Nucleotide (GenBank) : CP000896 Acholeplasma laidlawii PG-8A, complete genome Nucleotide (GenBank) : ALU14905 Acholeplasma ... Genomic DNA from Acholeplasma laidlawii Strain PG8 [ATCC® 23206™] Biosafety Level 1 Biosafety classification is based on U.S. ...
... industrial applications and more information for Acholeplasma modicum. ... Bacteria; Tenericutes; Mollicutes; Acholeplasmatales; Acholeplasmataceae; Acholeplasma. Industrial uses or economic ...
... industrial applications and more information for Acholeplasma multilocale. ... Bacteria; Tenericutes; Mollicutes; Acholeplasmatales; Acholeplasmataceae; Acholeplasma. Industrial uses or economic ...
Citrate cycle (TCA cycle) - Acholeplasma laidlawii [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , Show ...
Acholeplasma laidlawii (strain PG-8A)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,A9NFZ4,A9NFZ4_ACHLI Alpha-amylase OS=Acholeplasma laidlawii (strain PG-8A) OX=441768 GN=amyA2 PE=4 SV=1 ...
The single genus of the family Acholeplasmataceae, comprising spherical and filamentous cells Explanation of Acholeplasma oculi ... Looking for Acholeplasma oculi? Find out information about Acholeplasma oculi. ... Acholeplasma. (redirected from Acholeplasma oculi). Also found in: Medical. Acholeplasma. [ə‚kōl·ə′plaz·mə] (microbiology) The ... Acholeplasma oculi , Article about Acholeplasma oculi by The Free Dictionary https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/ ...
"Cytotoxic Activity of Mellitin Expressed by Recombinant Vectors in Cells of Acholeplasma laidlawii and Mycoplasma hominis, ... Cytotoxic Activity of Mellitin Expressed by Recombinant Vectors in Cells of Acholeplasma laidlawii and Mycoplasma hominis. ... Cytotoxic Activity of Mellitin Expressed by Recombinant Vectors in Cells of Acholeplasma... Aleksandrova, N.; Bevova, M.; ... After transformation of Acholeplasma laidlawii andMycoplasma hominiscells with recombinant plasmid DNAs by electroporation, ...
All Acholeplasma species can incorporate acetate radioactivity into their lipids, and have reduced nicotinamide adenine ... All Acholeplasma species can incorporate acetate radioactivity into their lipids, and have reduced nicotinamide adenine ...
... and they were serologically distinct from seven established Acholeplasma species. On the basis of these findings and other ... Acholeplasma morum. Strain 72-043 (=ATCC 33211) is the type strain. ... Acholeplasma morum, a New Non-Sterol-Requiring Species * DAVID L. ROSE, JOSEPH G. TULLY and RICHARD A. DEL GIUDICE ... and they were serologically distinct from seven established Acholeplasma species. On the basis of these findings and other ...
Acholeplasma explanation free. What is Acholeplasma? Meaning of Acholeplasma medical term. What does Acholeplasma mean? ... Looking for online definition of Acholeplasma in the Medical Dictionary? ... Acholeplasma. Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia. Acholeplasma. (ă-kō-lē-plasmă), A genus of bacteria that has ... The type species is Acholeplasma laidlawii.. Acholeplasma. a genus of the class Mollicutes and very closely related to the ...
Acholeplasma laidlawii. 23206 0.3 µm. Bacillus subtilis spores. 82 0.5 µm. Pseudomonas diminuta. 19146 ...
Acholeplasma laidlawii (Sabin) Edward and Freundt (ATCC® 23206™) ATCC® Number: 23206™ Deposited As Mycoplasma laidlawii (Sabin ... Acholeplasma laidlawii (Sabin) Edward and Freundt (ATCC® 23206-MINI-PACK™) ATCC® Number: 23206-MINI-PACK™ Deposited As ...
Acholeplasma laidlawii (Sabin) Edward and Freundt (ATCC® 23206™) ATCC® Number: 23206™ Deposited As Mycoplasma laidlawii (Sabin ... Acholeplasma laidlawii (Sabin) Edward and Freundt (ATCC® 23206-MINI-PACK™) ATCC® Number: 23206-MINI-PACK™ Deposited As ... Acholeplasma laidlawii (Sabin) Edward and Freundt (ATCC® 23206-TTR™) ATCC® Number: 23206-TTR™ Strain Designations: PG8 [NCTC ...
Acholeplasma laidlawii (Sabin) Edward and Freundt (ATCC® 23206™) ATCC® Number: 23206™ Deposited As Mycoplasma laidlawii (Sabin ... Acholeplasma laidlawii (Sabin) Edward and Freundt (ATCC® 23206-TTR™) ATCC® Number: 23206-TTR™ Strain Designations: PG8 [NCTC ...
Acholeplasma laidlawii (Sabin) Edward and Freundt (ATCC® 23206™) ATCC® Number: 23206™ Deposited As Mycoplasma laidlawii (Sabin ... Acholeplasma laidlawii (Sabin) Edward and Freundt (ATCC® 23206-MINI-PACK™) ATCC® Number: 23206-MINI-PACK™ Deposited As ...
Acholeplasma laidlawii (Sabin) Edward and Freundt (ATCC® 23206™) ATCC® Number: 23206™ Deposited As Mycoplasma laidlawii (Sabin ... Acholeplasma laidlawii (Sabin) Edward and Freundt (ATCC® 23206-MINI-PACK™) ATCC® Number: 23206-MINI-PACK™ Deposited As ... Acholeplasma laidlawii (Sabin) Edward and Freundt (ATCC® 23206-TTR™) ATCC® Number: 23206-TTR™ Strain Designations: PG8 [NCTC ...
Acholeplasma laidlawii (Sabin) Edward and Freundt (ATCC® 23206D™) ATCC® Number: 23206D™ Strain Designations: Genomic DNA from ... Acholeplasma laidlawii (Sabin) Edward and Freundt (ATCC® qCRM-23206D™) ATCC® Number: qCRM-23206D™ Strain Designations: Genomic ...
The skin-associated microbiota of fish competes against pathogens for space and nutrients, preventing colonization by harmful bacteria encountered during environmental transitions such as those faced...
  • Based on a study of ribosomal protein genes, it had been concluded that UGA does not code for tryptophan in plant-pathogenic mycoplasma-like organisms (MLO) and the Acholeplasmataceae (Lim and Sears, 1992) and there seems to be only a single tRNA-CCA for tryptophan in Acholeplasma laidlawii (Tanaka et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • Grigorieva, Marina N. Davydova, Maxim V. Trushin, Olga A. Chernova, and Vladislav M. Chernov, "Adaptation of Mycoplasmas to Antimicrobial Agents: Acholeplasma laidlawii Extracellular Vesicles Mediate the Export of Ciprofloxacin and a Mutant Gene Related to the Antibiotic Target," The Scientific World Journal , vol. 2014, pp. 1-7, 2014. (hindawi.com)