Achievement: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.ReadingUnderachievement: Performance, usually in school work, poorer than that predicted from aptitude and/or intelligence testing.Learning Disorders: Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.Aptitude: The ability to acquire general or special types of knowledge or skill.Goals: The end-result or objective, which may be specified or required in advance.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Aptitude Tests: Primarily non-verbal tests designed to predict an individual's future learning ability or performance.Schools: Educational institutions.Child Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.Awards and PrizesStudents: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Intelligence Tests: Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.Nobel PrizeScience: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Mathematics: The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.School Admission Criteria: Requirements for the selection of students for admission to academic institutions.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Education of Hearing Disabled: The teaching or training of those individuals with hearing disability or impairment.College Admission Test: Test designed to identify students suitable for admission into a graduate or undergraduate curriculum.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Aspirations (Psychology): Strong desires to accomplish something. This usually pertains to greater values or high ideals.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.United StatesUnited Nations: An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.Language Development: The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Problem Solving: A learning situation involving more than one alternative from which a selection is made in order to attain a specific goal.Language Tests: Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.Deafness: A general term for the complete loss of the ability to hear from both ears.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Executive Function: A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Education: Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.Remedial Teaching: Specialized instruction for students deviating from the expected norm.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Numismatics: Study of coins, tokens, medals, etc. However, it usually refers to medals pertaining to the history of medicine.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Wechsler Scales: Tests designed to measure intellectual functioning in children and adults.Dyscalculia: Impaired ability in numerical concepts. These inabilities arise as a result of primary neurological lesion, are syndromic (e.g., GERSTMANN SYNDROME ) or acquired due to brain damage.Psychological Tests: Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Remission Induction: Therapeutic act or process that initiates a response to a complete or partial remission level.Early Intervention (Education): Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Self Concept: A person's view of himself.Biology: One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.Dyslexia: A cognitive disorder characterized by an impaired ability to comprehend written and printed words or phrases despite intact vision. This condition may be developmental or acquired. Developmental dyslexia is marked by reading achievement that falls substantially below that expected given the individual's chronological age, measured intelligence, and age-appropriate education. The disturbance in reading significantly interferes with academic achievement or with activities of daily living that require reading skills. (From DSM-IV)Child Care: Care of CHILDREN in the home or in an institution.Socialization: The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.Emotional Intelligence: The ability to understand and manage emotions and to use emotional knowledge to enhance thought and deal effectively with tasks. Components of emotional intelligence include empathy, self-motivation, self-awareness, self-regulation, and social skill. Emotional intelligence is a measurement of one's ability to socialize or relate to others.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Anniversaries and Special Events: Occasions to commemorate an event or occasions designated for a specific purpose.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Mathematical Concepts: Numeric or quantitative entities, descriptions, properties, relationships, operations, and events.Personality Tests: Standardized objective tests designed to facilitate the evaluation of personality.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Education, Special: Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.Developmental Disabilities: Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)Healthy People Programs: Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.History, 16th Century: Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity: A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)Individuality: Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.Career Mobility: The upward or downward mobility in an occupation or the change from one occupation to another.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Education, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Persons With Hearing Impairments: Persons with any degree of loss of hearing that has an impact on their activities of daily living or that requires special assistance or intervention.Management Audit: Management review designed to evaluate efficiency and to identify areas in need of management improvement within the institution in order to ensure effectiveness in meeting organizational goals.Vocabulary: The sum or the stock of words used by a language, a group, or an individual. (From Webster, 3d ed)International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.Musculoskeletal Development: The morphologic and physiological changes of the MUSCLES, bones (BONE AND BONES), and CARTILAGE of the body, i.e., MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, during the prenatal and postnatal stages of development.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Seychelles: A group of Indian Ocean Islands, east of Tanzania. Their capital is Victoria. They were first claimed by the French in 1744 but taken by the English in 1794 and made a dependency of MAURITIUS in 1810. They became a crown colony in 1903 and a republic within the Commonwealth in 1976. They were named for the French finance minister, Jean Moreau de Sechelles, but respelled by the English in 1794. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1102 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p496)Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.United States Public Health Service: A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.Schools, Nursery: Schools for children usually under five years of age.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Great BritainAnatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Reimbursement, Incentive: A scheme which provides reimbursement for the health services rendered, generally by an institution, and which provides added financial rewards if certain conditions are met. Such a scheme is intended to promote and reward increased efficiency and cost containment, with better care, or at least without adverse effect on the quality of the care rendered.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Knowledge: The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Verbal Learning: Learning to respond verbally to a verbal stimulus cue.Cultural Deprivation: The absence of certain expected and acceptable cultural phenomena in the environment which results in the failure of the individual to communicate and respond in the most appropriate manner within the context of society. Language acquisition and language use are commonly used in assessing this concept.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Parenting: Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).History, Medieval: The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.Single Parent: A natural, adoptive, or substitute parent of a dependent child, who lives with only one parent. The single parent may live with or visit the child. The concept includes the never-married, as well as the divorced and widowed.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Language Arts: Skills in the use of language which lead to proficiency in written or spoken communication.Cognitive Science: The study of the precise nature of different mental tasks and the operations of the brain that enable them to be performed, engaging branches of psychology, computer science, philosophy, and linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Comprehension: The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.ArtCooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Adolescent Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological changes during ADOLESCENCE, approximately between the age of 13 and 18.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Public Assistance: Financial assistance to impoverished persons for the essentials of living through federal, state or local government programs.Attention: Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Academies and Institutes: Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Motor Skills: Performance of complex motor acts.Problem-Based Learning: Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Publications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)Social Adjustment: Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)Language Development Disorders: Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.Multilingualism: The ability to speak, read, or write several languages or many languages with some facility. Bilingualism is the most common form. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Biotechnology: Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.Students, Pharmacy: Individuals enrolled in a school of pharmacy or a formal educational program leading to a degree in pharmacy.Personal Satisfaction: The individual's experience of a sense of fulfillment of a need or want and the quality or state of being satisfied.Models, Educational: Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.Periodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the histology, physiology, and pathology of the tissues that support, attach, and surround the teeth, and of the treatment and prevention of disease affecting these tissues.Education, Predental: Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to dental school.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Concept Formation: A cognitive process involving the formation of ideas generalized from the knowledge of qualities, aspects, and relations of objects.Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Gastroenterology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the physiology and diseases of the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas).Twins: Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).Osteopathic Medicine: A medical discipline that is based on the philosophy that all body systems are interrelated and dependent upon one another for good health. This philosophy, developed in 1874 by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, recognizes the concept of "wellness" and the importance of treating illness within the context of the whole body. Special attention is placed on the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Food Services: Functions, equipment, and facilities concerned with the preparation and distribution of ready-to-eat food.PolandEducation, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Task Performance and Analysis: The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Clinical Trials as Topic: Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Guideline Adherence: Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.Cochlear Implantation: Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (COCHLEAR IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the COCHLEAR NERVE in the inner ear to create sound sensation in patients with residual nerve fibers.Faculty, Medical: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Depersonalization: State in which an individual perceives or experiences a sensation of unreality concerning the self or the environment; it is seen in disorders such as schizophrenia, affection disorders, organic mental disorders, and personality disorders. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Communicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.Adolescent Psychology: Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.International Agencies: International organizations which provide health-related or other cooperative services.EnglandDeveloping Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Stereotyping: An oversimplified perception or conception especially of persons, social groups, etc.Mentors: Senior professionals who provide guidance, direction and support to those persons desirous of improvement in academic positions, administrative positions or other career development situations.EuropeHealth Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.Education, Pharmacy: Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Statistics as Topic: The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.History, 15th Century: Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Child Mortality: Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.Career Choice: Selection of a type of occupation or profession.Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Physician Incentive Plans: Compensatory plans designed to motivate physicians in relation to patient referral, physician recruitment, and efficient use of the health facility.Bosnia-Herzegovina: A country of eastern Europe, formerly the province of Bosnia in Yugoslavia, uniting with the province of Herzegovina to form the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1946. It was created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia and recognized by the United States as an independent state. Bosnia takes is name from the river Bosna, in turn from the Indoeuropean root bhog, "current"; Herzegovina is from the Serbian herceg (duke) + -ov (the possessive) + -ina (country or territory).Universal Coverage: Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Minority Groups: A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.Financing, Organized: All organized methods of funding.Physics: The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Economics: The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.Social Identification: The process by which an aspect of self image is developed based on in-group preference or ethnocentrism and a perception of belonging to a social or cultural group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.

Predicting developmental outcomes at school entry using a multiple-risk model: four American communities. The Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (1/698)

The contributions of different risk factors in predicting children's psychological and academic outcomes at the end of 1st grade were examined. Using a regression model, levels of ecobehavioral risk were assessed in the following order: specific demographics, broad demographics, family psychosocial status, mother's depressive symptoms, and neighborhood quality. Participants were 337 families from 4 American communities. Predictor variables were assessed in kindergarten, and teacher, parent, and child outcomes (behavioral and academic) were assessed at the end of 1st grade. Results indicated that (a) each level of analysis contributed to prediction of most outcomes, (b) 18%-29% of the variance was predicted in outcomes, (c) a common set of predictors predicted numerous outcomes, (d) ethnicity showed little unique prediction, and (e) the quality of the neighborhood showed small but unique prediction to externalizing problems.  (+info)

Further analysis of the separate and interactive effects of methylphenidate and common classroom contingencies. (2/698)

We evaluated separate and interactive effects between common classroom contingencies and methylphenidate (MPH) on disruptive and off-task behaviors for 4 children with a diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Analogue conditions consisting of contingent teacher reprimands, brief time-out, no interaction, and alone were conducted in a multielement design. Medication status (MPH or placebo) was alternated across days in a superordinate multielement design. Results indicate that (a) the behavioral effects of MPH were influenced by one or more of the analogue conditions for each participant, and (b) time-out was associated with zero or near-zero levels of both disruptive and off-task behavior for 3 of the 4 participants during MPH and placebo conditions. Implications for the clinical effectiveness of MPH and possible behavioral mechanisms of action of MPH in applied settings are discussed.  (+info)

Biochemical hypothyroidism secondary to iodine deficiency is associated with poor school achievement and cognition in Bangladeshi children. (3/698)

Iodine deficiency in pregnancy leads to poor cognitive function in the offspring; however, the effect of concurrent iodine deficiency on school-aged children is not clear. Several studies have shown that school children in iodine-deficient villages have poorer cognitive function than children in iodine-sufficient villages. However, villages differ in many factors that may also detrimentally affect children's development. In addition, the children's nutritional and health status has not usually been taken into account. In this study, we compared the cognitive function and school achievement levels of 170 children who had recently had low thyroxine (T4) levels [T4 /=70 nmol/L (euthyroid)]. The children were matched for school and grade level and came from the same iodine-deficient regions in rural Bangladesh. They were given a battery of cognitive, motor and school achievement tests. We also measured their nutritional status, examined their stools for geohelminths and assessed their home environments. A factor analysis of cognitive and motor function tests yielded two factors, a general cognitive factor and a fine motor factor. The children's height and arm circumference, experience of hunger, parental characteristics and stimulation in the home made independent contributions to their test scores. Controlling for these variables, the hypothyroid children performed worse than the euthyroid children on reading and spelling and the general cognitive factor. These findings indicate that a large number of disadvantages including hypothyroidism are related to the poor development of these children.  (+info)

A comparison of language achievement in children with cochlear implants and children using hearing aids. (4/698)

English language achievement of 29 prelingually deaf children with 3 or more years of cochlear implant (CI) experience was compared to the achievement levels of prelingually deaf children who did not have such CI experience. Language achievement was measured by the Rhode Island Test of Language Structure (RITLS), a measure of signed and spoken sentence comprehension, and the Index of Productive Syntax (IPSyn), a measure of expressive (signed and spoken) English grammar. When the CI users were compared with their deaf age mates who contributed to the norms of the RITLS, it was found that CI users achieved significantly better scores. Likewise, we found that CI users performed better than 29 deaf children who used hearing aids (HAs) with respect to English grammar achievement as indexed by the IPSyn. Additionally, we found that chronological age highly correlated with IPSyn levels only among the non-CI users, whereas length of CI experience was significantly correlated with IPSyn scores for CI users. Finally, clear differences between those with and without CI experience were found by 2 years of post-implant experience. These data provide evidence that children who receive CIs benefit in the form of improved English language comprehension and production.  (+info)

Adversity and psychosocial competence of South African children. (5/698)

Black children in South Africa commonly experience low socioeconomic status and community violence. Parents (N = 625) in a longitudinal study of urbanization responded to structured questionnaires related to resilience, affability, maturity, and school readiness of their six-year olds. SES was found to have an inverse and linear relation to competence at age six; the relationship to violence was curvilinear, with children from moderately safe communities achieving better outcomes than those from very safe or very unsafe ones.  (+info)

Contextual factors in substance use: a study of suburban and inner-city adolescents. (6/698)

Objectives in this research were to examine contextual differences in correlates of substance use among high school students. The focus was on two broad categories of adjustment indices: personal psychopathology (internalizing and externalizing problems) and behaviors reflecting social competence (academic achievement, teacher-rated classroom behaviors, and peer acceptance or rejection). Associations between drug use and each of these constructs were examined in two sociodemographically disparate groups: teens from affluent, suburban families (n = 264), and low socioeconomic status adolescents from inner-city settings (n = 224). Results indicated that suburban youth reported significantly higher levels of substance use than inner-city youth. In addition, their substance use was more strongly linked with subjectively perceived maladjustment indices. Comparable negative associations involving grades and teacher-rated behaviors were found in both groups, and among suburban males only, substance use showed robust positive associations with acceptance by peers. Results are discussed in terms of developmental perspectives on adolescent deviance, contextual socializing forces, and implications for preventive interventions and treatment.  (+info)

Truancy and perceived school performance: an alcohol and drug study of UK teenagers. (7/698)

This study is based on a subsample of 15- and 16-year-old school students from the UK, part of the European School Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD). Information was available on truancy rates, perceived school performance, family structure, lifestyle, and usage of alcohol, cigarettes and illicit drugs in 6409 teenagers. Living in a single-parent family, lack of constructive hobbies, presence of psychiatric symptoms, and an aggressive outgoing delinquent lifestyle bore the strongest associations to truancy and to perceived school performance. There were also strong relationships between both these last two variables and use of alcohol, cigarettes, and illicit drugs. However, the effects of alcohol, cigarettes, and illicit drugs were largely accounted for by other variables. Having at least one parent who both supported the respondent and who exercised some control was predictive of better perceived school performance.  (+info)

Intellectual, neuropsychological, and academic functioning in long-term survivors of leukemia. (8/698)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) on children's cognitive functioning. METHOD: Participants were long-term survivors of ALL treated with cranial irradiation and central nervous system (CNS) chemotherapy (n = 20), or CNS chemotherapy only (n = 21), healthy children (n = 21), and children with chronic asthma (n = 21). The groups were compared on measures of intellectual, neuropsychological, and academic functioning. RESULTS: CNS chemotherapy, with and without cranial irradiation, was associated with significantly lower levels of intellectual and academic functioning. Children with chronic asthma obtained lower scores than healthy controls, but these differences were not significant. Tests of neuropsychological functioning did not consistently separate the groups. CONCLUSIONS: CNS chemotherapy and, to a lesser extent, chronic illness both contribute to the poorer performance of long-term survivors of ALL on measures of intellectual and academic functioning.  (+info)

. Academic Therapy Publications publishes materials for learning disabilities and special education, tests, assessments, parent and teacher resources, hi lo readers, and visual perceptual aids.
We examine the effect of alcohol exposure in utero on child academic achievement. As well as studying the effect of any alcohol exposure, we investigate the effect of the dose, pattern, and duration of exposure. We use a genetic variant in the maternal alcohol-metabolism gene ADH1B as an instrument for alcohol exposure, whilst controlling for the childs genotype on the same variant. We show that the instrument is unrelated to an extensive range of maternal and paternal characteristics and behaviours. OLS regressions suggest an ambiguous association between alcohol exposure in utero and childrens academic attainment, but there is a strong social gradient in maternal drinking, with mothers in higher socio-economic groups more likely to drink. In stark contrast to the OLS, the IV estimates show negative effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on child educational attainment. These results are very robust to an extensive set of model specifications. In addition, we show that that the effects are ...
skoolboy has explained, much more eloquently than I can, why achievement gaps matter even if the scores of white, African-American, Hispanic, and Asian students are all rising equally: There are a great many social institutions that sort and rank individuals on the basis of test scores and the competencies they represent. Most of these institutions dont have an unlimited number of positions or slots-rather, individuals are competing against one another for access. When these institutions rely on test scores, and there is an achievement gap among racial/ethnic groups on these tests, the lower-scoring group will be underrepresented. Raising everybodys scores...
Is Californias investment in needy students paying off? Few signs indicate achievement gap is closing, By Jessica Calefati, June 22, 2017, KQED: "Californias new system for funding public education has pumped tens of billions of extra dollars into struggling schools, but theres little evidence yet that the investment is helping the most disadvantaged students. A CALmatters analysis of the biggest districts with the greatest clusters of needy children found limited success with the policys goal: to close the achievement gap between these students and their more privileged peers. Instead, results in most of those places show the gap is growing ...
Its not how smart students are but how motivated they are and how they study that determines their growth in math achievement. Thats the main finding of a study that looks at six annual waves of data from a German longitudinal study assessing math ability in 3,520 students in grades five to 10. Students who felt competent; were intrinsically motivated; and avoided rote learning showed more growth in math achievement than those who didnt.
books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/An_Investigation_of_Reading_Achievement.html?id=jxlCAAAAYAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareAn Investigation of Reading Achievement as an Affective Determinant in the Perception of Verbal and Non-verbal Symbols ...
The objectives of this study are to measure quality of life, neuropsychological sequelae and parental stress before and after gene therapy for ADA-SCID. The population to be studied will include up to five patients being treated with gene therapy at the NIH Clinical Center and five of their parents. The design of the study will be a non-randomized, longitudinal psychometric evaluation. Neuropsychological outcome measures will be the following battery: Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence - Third Edition (WPPSI-III) or the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Fourth Edition (WISC-IV); the Wide Range Achievement Test - Fourth Edition (WRAT-4); subtests of the NEPSY; The Expressive One Word Picture Vocabulary Test (EOWPVT); Grooved Pegboard; Continuous Performance Test (CPT); Selective Reminding Test; and the Adaptive Behavior Assessment System- Second Edition. Quality of life will be measured with the PedsQL and parental stress will be measured with the Parenting Stress Index ...
Research suggests there are factors that may exacerbate or otherwise serve as a protective factor for the effects being overweight. This study explores the association between BMI and adolescents academic achievement, and the moderating effects of individual-level (e.g., race/ethnicity) and socio-contextual factors (e.g., economic disadvantage) on this association. Furthermore, research suggests that overweight adolescents are at an increased risk of becoming overweight adults. As such, other developmental outcomes may be impacted as adolescents mature into young adulthood. Given this likelihood, the association between BMI and achievement over time was also tested. Findings suggests an overlapping sphere of influence on BMI and adolescents academic achievement, as well as a consistent effect of BMI on achievement as adolescents enter into young adulthood.
To the Editor:. The article "Principals Criticized on Teacher-Retention Decisions" (Aug. 8, 2012) contains the following statement about results issued in a report by TNTP, formerly The New Teacher Project: "Of the teachers studied, the group identified a subset of about 20 percent as irreplaceables because their students made two or three more months worth of academic progress compared [with] those taught with the average teacher in the district." The statement is fundamentally flawed and represents a common misunderstanding fostered by the testing industry, which prefers to report results in months and years of achievement when all they have is the number of items scored as correct on a particular test: the raw score.. We do not know what an achievement test measures. A persons score on a test of general mental ability and the persons score on an achievement test, which is supposed to reflect what a student has learned in school, are almost interchangeable. A person scoring high on one ...
Lman Scholarship application; the Statement of Purpose Essay and the Follow on Service Project. Genki An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese Answer Key Second Edition (2011, E. The Foundations college scholarship program bases its awards totally on essays written by the applicants, who need not be Mensa members. Nno, Y! Junk Food is Bad For You, but Junk Reading is Good for You (International Journal of Foreign Language Teaching 1,3: 5 12. 05) Stephen Krashen and Joanne Ujiie! Inagawa, K. If you have been dreading to write an essay, you can now get essays written for you by qualified writers. Eda, Y. Joy proficient essay writing and custom writing services provided by professional academic writers. One Scholarship. Ese tips and strategies can help you make a strong impression. Nsideration is not given. One of the nations largest need based college scholarship programs in the country, the Horatio Alger Scholarship Programs. No, C. Dless Opportunities. This page lists full tuition academic ...
There has been much written about the educational challenges facing the United States of America today. These challenges include, but are not limited, to educational inequity, low test scores, teacher competency and training, and achievement gaps. An era of standards-based reform and comprehensive school reform evolved as a reaction to these challenges. There is also an increase in assessment and accountability of student progress as a part of these educational reform measures. Key elements to school reform include effectively utilizing and collecting data. This includes using data to monitor student achievement and hold districts, schools, and educators accountable for student progress. This also includes making the teacher an integral part of the reform process.; The purpose of this study is to evaluate the design, implementation, and adequacy of data usage to improve student academic achievement in three cases at the district, school, and elementary classroom levels. Three research questions ...
We also investigate differences among students based on their race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status, and find more similarities than differences. This suggests that changes to start times will affect all students rather than just certain demographic groups. We also look at whether start times have a transitory or permanent effect on academic achievement and find that the short-term and long-term effects of later start times are similar to one another. In the long run, the effect is larger for adolescents than for younger students in both subjects, although the difference is not statistically significant in reading. The bottom line is that changes to start times improve math and reading achievement within a year of the change in sunlight exposure for adolescents, and the effects largely persist over time.. Showing up ready-or just showing up?. There are (at least) two reasons why school start times might affect academic achievement. First, later start times relative to sunrise may make it ...
PubMed journal article Lifestyle intervention for improving school achievement in overweight or obese children and adolescent were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
Studies in the US have found that both exposure to environmental toxins and childrens general health status negatively impact childrens academic achievement. This thesis will be made of up two papers. The first examines the impact of exposure to residential air toxins from a variety of sources on students academic achievement and the second paper incorporates a measure of childrens general health status into the statistical model from the first paper. This thesis employs National Air Toxics Assessment (NATA) risk estimates from a variety of sources and individual-level data collected through a mail survey of fourth and fifth grade school children in El Paso (Texas, USA). Results indicate that both higher levels of residential air toxins are statistically significantly associated with lower grade point averages, even when controlling for caretaker-reported general health status, meaning that there is an independent effect of air pollution on childrens academic achievement outcomes that cannot be
The academic achievement, of children and young people is an issue that concerns governments in many countries. In Nigeria, students performance on standardised examinations has been troublingly low, especially among those from the north of the country. Previous studies on students achievement have focused on inadequate funding, infrastructural decay, parental background factors and pedagogical issues. However, this study considers the psychological aspects of attainment, looking at the relationships between self-concept, locus of control, school motivation, academic achievement and other contextual factors (such as gender) that are likely to have an impact on students performance in school. The aim is to identify some of the factors contributing to low performance in order to generate empirical evidence to inform policy and practice. The study adopts a cross sectional research design with a sequential mixed method approach to data collection and analysis. Standardised questionnaires are used ...
Meta-analysis techniques for integrating research findings are utilized in this report to determine the magnitude of the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and academic achievement. Also investigated are the factors which contribute to the large amount of variance in previously reported correlations between these two variables. Over 100 studies yielding 636 correlation coefficients are included in the meta-analysis. Findings indicate that the relationship between SES and academic achievement is probably much weaker than many people have assumed. Findings also indicate that the variance in reported correlations between SES and academic achievement are due to the fact that most of the significant variables which influence the strength of the correlation are directly under the researchers control. Recommendations concerning the most appropriate way of using measures of SES in future research applications are made. (Author/EB)
OBJECTIVE-To examine academic achievement in children with diabetes and to identify predictors of achievement.. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-Participants were 244 children, ages 8-18 years, with type 1 diabetes. Measures included school-administered standardized achievement tests (Iowa Tests of Basic Skills and Iowa Tests of Educational Development [ITBS/ITED]), grade point averages (GPAs), school absences, behavioral assessment, age at disease onset, hospitalizations, and HbA1c. Statistical differences between subgroups of children were evaluated using t test and ANOVA, statistically controlling for socioeconomic status. Regression analyses were carried out to examine predictors of academic performance.. RESULTS-Reading scores and GPA were lower for children with poor metabolic control than for children with average control. Children with hospitalizations for hyperglycemia had lower overall achievement scores than children with better metabolic control and fewer hospitalizations for ...
Forms 3 and 4; Subtests - (a) Reading, (b) Arithmetic Computation, (c) Arithmetic Reasoning, (d) Language Usage, (e) Spelling (Sentence Dictation)"(f) Grammar, (g) History, (h) Geography, (i) Nature Study, (j) Health ...
Education inequity is a persistent reality of American culture. As early as kindergarten, there are marked differences in academic performance between racial minority students and their peers. These differences are sustained as students progress through school.. One aspect of students social experience that may help to explain the gap is school climate. A positive school climate has been associated with higher levels of school achievement. Thus, differences in how students of different races experience various aspects of school climate may help explain group differences in achievement.. Recent research studies, conducted by WestEds Health & Justice Program staff and summarized in this report, examined connections between student race, achievement, and school climate in California schools.. The collective findings of these studies support the notion that, just as there is a racial achievement gap, there is a racial school-climate gap in California schools. ...
|p| Purpose. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of family environmental factors on student athletes featuring different levels of sports accomplishment: 1) a low level - no significant achievements (|italic|N |/italic|= 46), 2) a medium level - significant achievements at a regional level (|italic|N |/italic|= 86) and 3) a high level - significant achievements at national and/or international level (|italic|N |/italic|= 33). Methods. The participants were administered a demographic survey and the Athletes Family Environment Questionnaire (AFEQ). Results. One-way ANOVA found that the high achievers families differ from the medium- and low-level achievers in five (out of nine) of the studied family environment factors: children as an important value in family life, sport as an important value in family life, parents involvement in their childs sports career, the overall genetic-environmental conditioning of their childs talent and passion for sports, as well as
The results of structural equation modeling revealed a close model fit for the hypothesized model, which indicates that higher levels of self-determination were positively associated with habituated exercise behavior. In turn, exercise habit strength fostered academic achievement and buffered the debilitative effect of stress, depression, and anxiety on student academic performance. The analysis of model invariance revealed a nonsignificant difference between male and female subjects. ...
The school responds well to Māori and other children whose learning and achievement need acceleration.. Overall, the achievement data at the end of 2016 is lower than national expectations for reading, writing and mathematics. In response, teachers are currently involved in targeted professional learning (PLD) to raise student achievement in mathematics and writing. This PLD is increasing teachers understanding and use of current best practices.. School achievement data shows little disparity for Māori and Pacific children. The school has identified an increasing number of five-year old children arriving with significant oral language needs, which then impact on their progress in reading and writing. Well-planned and researched learning programmes are being used to address this. Student achievement information shows that by Year 4 many of these children have caught up with learning expectations.. Children who need additional learning support to succeed in their learning are identified early. ...
The clear associations between fitness and academic achievement highlighted in the report underline the importance of educating the whole child," said Santiago Taveras, Deputy Chancellor I.A. of the DOEs Office of Teaching and Learning. "Under Mayor Bloomberg, the Health Department and the Department of Education have formed a unique partnership to address critical issues in the areas of public health and public education," said Dr. Roger Platt, director of the Office of School Health, which is jointly run by the two agencies. "This dual-agency collaboration is a model for how a comprehensive approach to student wellness can help support both student health and academic achievement." "Our students need high-quality fitness and health education in order to succeed in school and in life," said Lori Rose Benson, director of Department of Educations Office of Fitness and Health Education. "The results of this study reinforce the importance of the work that teachers and administrators throughout ...
Running head: INTERNET USE, ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT, AND WELL-BEING Adolescents Internet Use: Academic Achievement and Well-being Eir Arnbjarnardóttir 2015 BSc in Psychology Author: Eir Arnbjarnardóttir ID
Members of Princetons class of 2009 gathered on Cannon Green Monday, June 1, to celebrate the conclusion of their undergraduate careers in a Class Day ceremony honoring their service and accomplishments.
During those dozen years, metro districts added about 300 minority teachers, barely moving the percentage of people of color leading classrooms in the Twin Cities. In the metro area, 94 percent of teachers are white. Charter schools do better diversifying their teaching staffs, but the schools have seen a decline in minority teachers and students as the number of charters has increased. In 2012, 11 percent of teachers in metro charter schools were minorities and 57 percent of the students were races other than white. Thats a decline from 2001, when 20 percent of teachers and 65 percent of students in metro charter schools were minorities. Minnesota is not alone in the struggle to bring diversity to the teaching ranks. A federal survey from 2008, the latest data available, found that nationwide, just 17 percent of educators were minorities while 40 percent of the countrys students were children of color. Every state in the nation has a "diversity gap" between the percentage of minority students ...
Results Longer gestation from 23 to 45 weeks was associated with lower risk of poor literacy and numeracy. Adjusted relative risks for being at or below national minimum standard ranged from 1.12 (95% CI 1.03 to 1.22) for late preterm (32-36 weeks) for numeracy, to 1.84 (95% CI 1.48 to 2.30) for early preterm (23-31 weeks) for writing. Within term, every additional week of gestational age was associated with small decreased risks of poor literacy and numeracy (eg, relative risks for poor numeracy 1.10, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.20 for 37 weeks). Population-attributable fractions for poor achievement were highest among children born early term (37-39 weeks) due to their higher population prevalence. ...
Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Child Files, we found that parental report on 12 characteristics of two-year old children can be compiled into a summary index that is predictive of early academic achievement. With further validation, this index could be used in clinical practices as a tool to assess risk for early school failure among preschool children and to assist clinicians in determining the scope and depth of needed preventive care services. This is the first step in a research program whose overarching goal is to assist clinicians in tailoring pediatric preventive care to individual child needs.. The next step in this research program is to test the validity, feasibility and utility of this risk index in a pediatric ambulatory care setting. The instruments predictive ability is only useful if it can feasibly be administered both effectively and efficiently. To date, we have successfully field-tested an expanded and modified version of this instrument in a ...
In Ontario, schools have raised their test scores and graduation rates by providing resources such as full-time student success teachers, who help English-language learners and other students in need.
For Immediate Release CONTACT: Beth Kaplan Wheelock College [email protected] Office: 617-879-2250 Cell: 774-270-6976 East Granby Resident Receives Recognition for Academic Achievement from Wheelock College Boston, MA (July 23, 2015) - Abigail Martin, an East Granby resident, was recently recognized for excellent academic performance this past semester at Wheelock College and placed on the Dean's List. She joins Wheelock College's growing student body on the Dean's List, a universal acknowledgement within the academic arena as a symbol of high achievement. A student is eligible when he or she earns a minimum semester grade-point average of 3.8 (on a 4.0 scale); successfully ...
The Dana Foundation granted funding for further expansion of The CityDance Institute for Dance Education which provides training to dance education professionals teaching the CityDance Early Arts program. Early Arts is an outreach education program that serves more than 25,000 children in the metro DC area each year. The Institute instructs dance teachers in classroom management, dance education pedagogy, offers advanced-level skills for managing specific behavioral and classroom environment issues, teaches how to work with school administrators, how to develop effective lesson plans and educates them on the impact of the arts on academic achievement. In addition, the program trains the teachers on the specific policies and guidelines for CityDance Early Arts Instructors as well as the individual curriculums developed for each Early Arts after-school program. The proposed expanded program includes on-site assessments and training and genre-specific and topic-specific workshops for a total of 64 ...
... for undergraduate students attending Hofstra University enrolled in the Frank G. Zarb School of Business. Selection based on academic achievement and financial need. Students must file the FAFSA. Deadlines and award amounts may vary. Renewable.. ...
... for undergraduate students attending California Polytechnic State University. Selection based on academic achievement (minimum 3.5 GPA) and financial need. It is recommended that applicants file the FAFSA as most awards are need based. Number of awards and award amount may vary. Nonrenewable.. ...
课程、学业成绩记录、学校社区活动、论文、推荐和考试分数会考虑。特别考虑校友儿童和少数民族申请者。Courses, school achievement record, school and community activities, essays, recommendations, test scores considered. Special consideration to alumni children and minority applicants.. ...
Magic School Bus: Ms. Frizzle ™ & © Scholastic Inc. All rights reserved. Clifford: Clifford The Big Red Dog ® & © Norman Bridwell. All rights reserved. Groovy Joe: Groovy Joe Art © 2017 Tom Lichtenheld. ™ & © Scholastic Inc. Harry Potter: Illustration by Mary GrandPré © 1998 Warner Bros. HARRY POTTER characters, names and related indicia are © & ™ Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. Harry Potter Publishing Rights © JKR. Dog Man: DOG MAN art ™ / ® Dav Pilkey. ...
The Department of Surgery accounts for approximately 40% of overall revenues of Cedars-Sinai Medical System and has great responsibility to sustain this level of clinical activity and excellence. This will be accomplished by nurturing the strong patient centered values long associated with our institution, while enhancing our focus on academic achievement and translational research.. Our surgical specialties are consistently ranked among the top clinical units in the region and country by U.S. News and World Report and the University Hospitals Consortium (UHC) rankings. Minimally invasive procedures are used in virtually every surgical discipline with leadership roles in bariatric and foregut surgery, thoracic surgery and donor nephrectomies. Robotic surgery is now used routinely in cardiac surgery, general surgery and urological surgery.. Particular areas of clinical strength include:. ...
Getting Along with Teachers and Parents: The Yields of Good Relationships for Students Achievement Motivation and Self-Esteem - Volume 17 Issue 2 - Andrew J. Martin, Herbert W. Marsh, Dennis M. McInerney, Jasmine Green, Martin Dowson
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The school makes effective use of achievement information to make positive changes to learners engagement, progress and achievement.. Steady improvement in achievement against the National Standards has been made for Years 7 and 8 students. In 2016, about 80% of students achieved at or above the National Standards in reading and writing. Mathematics achievement was slightly lower. The school is aware of significant disparity in boys achievement in reading and writing. Teachers are focused on accelerating the progress of these learners.. Year 7 and 8 teachers use a wide range of assessment information to inform their teaching and to make judgements about students progress and achievement.. School-wide achievement and progress information for Years 9 and 10 reported to the board is limited in scope. The school has identified the need to develop learning progressions for Year 9 and 10 and improve reporting to the board on these students achievement and progress.. NCEA results have steadily ...
Monash is proud to celebrate your academic achievements with family and friends. Watch this video snapshot from our 2017 graduation week.
I suggest that the issue be framed not as "are these babies at risk?" but rather "are these early relationships at risk?" When a baby is born at 37 or 38 weeks, parents are discharged home with the message conveyed that the baby is "normal." But these babies may be more difficult to feed, may not transition as easily from awake to asleep, or may have more difficulty settling. In a supportive, relatively unstressed environment, these differences may be hardly noticeable. But in a stressed environment, including such things as single parenthood, postpartum depression or any number of social stressors, it may be more difficult for a parent to help a baby manage these biological vulnerabilities. As parents get overwhelmed by feelings of inadequacy, there may be a rapid downward spiral of increased fussiness and feeding problems, sleep deprivation and parental depression. It is likely that the stressed relationship, not simply the gestational age, is linked to later academic achievement ...
Association of Child Poverty, Brain Development, and Academic Achievement Importance Children living in poverty generally perform poorly in school, with…
This paper examines the effects of the Supplemental Instruction (SI) program on student achievement at a two-year commuter college. SI offers free and optional review sessions lead by upper-level students who have successfully ...
Expert advice on childrens books & reading, arts & crafts, activities & school achievement. View the parents newsletter, articles, & weekly picks for Preschool, Grade School, & Middle School.
Research has shown that academic risk taking-the selection of school tasks with varying difficulty levels-is important in education. In two experiments, we explored the role of cognitive processes-specifically, global versus local processing-in students academic risk taking tendencies. Participants first read a short passage, which provided the context for their subsequent academic risk taking decisions. Following which, participants undertook the Navons task and attended to either global letters or local letters only. The effects of global-local processing on academic risk taking were then assessed using a perception-based measure (Experiment 1) and a task-based measure (Experiment 2). Experiment 1 provided preliminary evidence, which Experiment 2 confirmed, that globally-focused individuals took more academic risk than did locally-focused individuals after controlling for participants need for cognition. The theory of predictive and reactive control systems (PARCS) provides a cogent account ...
AISD used $16 million to support 25 ARRA IDEA projects to reduce the student academic achievement gap, reduce disproportionality, reduce dropout, improve district processes, improve teacher quality, and evaluate programs.. ...
AISD used $16 million to support 25 ARRA IDEA projects to reduce the student academic achievement gap, reduce disproportionality, reduce dropout, improve district processes, improve teacher quality, and evaluate programs.. ...
Available to students completing their 2nd to last year in the Carpenter, Cabinet Maker, Communication Technician, Electrician, Floorcovering, Painter and Decorator, Plumber, Roofer, and Sheet Metal Worker Apprenticeship Programs. Awarded on the basis of top academic achievement at the end of the 2nd to final year of training. The recipient must enrol into their final year of training within a two year period to receive the scholarship. Applicants must be residents of the Capital Region and must not be receiving any other major scholarships. For more information regarding the Canadian Home Builders Association - Edmonton Region, please refer to www.chbaedmonton.ca. Recipients will be invited to attend a meeting held by the Association.. Deadline: 6/15/2018. Application: Available online at www.nait.ca/scholarships August 31st. [hide detail] ...
The purpose of this program evaluation document is to provide a rationale and structure for implementing full-day kindergarten. The persistence of the achievement gap in the United States requires considerable and deliberate action to narrow and eliminate the gap over time. With the evolving educational landscape and the adoption of the Common Core State Standards, early education, including systematically designed and implemented full-day kindergarten are one way to afford children the opportunity to begin their education on pace to succeed. This program evaluation examines the differences between half-day kindergarten and full-day kindergarten programs including data analysis from the first year of full-day kindergarten implementation in a large suburban school district. This evaluation of full-day kindergarten reveals the benefits of a full-day program result from a quality kindergarten program that makes use of the additional time with students.
William Raspberrys op-ed column about the black-white student achievement gap ["A Gap That Wont Go Away on Its Own," Oct. 6] elevated John Ogbus findings that dismissive attitudes toward education by black students are a major factor in the creation of the gap.. ...
... , or Learning Standards, refer to academic standards applied to education content, particularly in primary and secondary education. Standards are typically statements expressing what a student should know, should be able to do, or should be capable of at a certain point in their learning. Most countries have educational standards developed on a national or regional level. Within the United States of America, learning standards exist at a national level and then are adopted and/or modified by individual state boards of education. Internationally, the TIMMS Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study, has measured trends in mathematics and science achievement at the fourth and eighth grades since 1995.. GLOBE partners have mapped GLOBE protocols and learning activities to their specific state, and in some cases city, standards. Providing these standards assists teachers in the implementation of GLOBE into the curriculum. If you have mapped GLOBE activities to your ...
The release of the 2015 Minnesota Comprehensive Assessment (MCA) results indicate that overall, the students enrolled in Byron Public Schools continue to demonstrate a high level of proficiency, meeting or exceeding grade level expectations in reading, mathematics, and science, and performing above well statewide proficiency rates. Although we scored well above the state, we didnt get the results we were hoping for in all grade levels; our goal for 2016 is to continue our alignment work and ensure high levels of achievement at all grade levels for all students. ...
Earn achievements while you code! With Visual Studio Achievements, you will unlock various achievements based on your activity. Learn more ...
On successful completion of this pathway youll receive the Animal Care College Certificate* in our Work in a Rescue Centre - Feline programme, graded to show the standard you have reached. There are no exams.. You will also receive the Certificate of Achievement at Level 3 from ABC Awards and Certa Awards when you complete this course**.. This confirms that you have completed a validated training course at a recognised level of study.. ABC Awards and Certa Awards have long-established reputations for providing high quality vocational qualifications across a wide range of industries. ABC Awards and Certa Awards combine over 180 years of expertise.. * The Animal Care College Certificate will be issued once you have successfully completed your course and finished your course payments.. **ABC registration fees included.. ...
NEA believes that all children ages three and four should have access to prekindergarten programs that are high quality, universal and publicly funded. Research shows that a child exposed to good preschool programs before age five will reap lifetime benefits. Quality preschool also increases the chances of a student doing better in early grades, closing the achievement gap and graduating from high school.. ...
A story in the Jan. 5, 2005, issue of Education Week on the results of two recent international studies of student academic skills gave an incorrect location for the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, a professional organization.
A students road to academic success begins with early childhood education - long before he or she steps into a kindergarten classroom.
A powerful video, "I, Too, Am B-CC [High School]," explores racial stereotypes at Bethesda-Chevy Chase High School in Montgomery County as students share their personal experiences and opine on their future.. Inspired by the social campaign, "I too, am Harvard," the video is produced by Makdes Hailu and directed and edited by Orlando Pinder. It was posted on Pinders YouTube page last month, and it has received over 8,200 views since it went online. According to the videos YouTube description: "The purpose of this campaign is to expose the harm of racial stereotypes in high school as well as bring awareness to the achievement gap.". You can watch the video below: ...
From achievement gaps and teacher evaluations to homework and student engagement, Education Week reporters help you understand the education research behind big policy debates and daily classroom concerns.
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Meet the schools using Core Knowledge that have been honored for their commitment to excellence and to closing the achievement gap.
The upcoming school year, 2017-2018, marks a transition into implementation of the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), the law that replaces No Child Left Behind (NCLB). Most States will submit their completed plans to the USDE for review and approval this fall, and the September 18th due date for submissions is just around the corner. ESSA gives States significant leeway in planning their accountability systems. ESSAs flexible grant programs provide State and Local Educational Agencies (SEAs and LEAs) with funding streams that provide schools with comprehensive and targeted support and improvement strategies to make sure that "all children significant opportunity to receive a fair, equitable, and high-quality education, and to close educational achievement gaps." (SEC. 1001. Title I Statement of Purpose, the Every Student Succeeds Act) Unlike NCLB, ESSA shifts authority over K-12 education to the States, yet States must also comply with rigorous Federal mandates for data collection and usage- ...
This Scholastic RED Professional Development course presents strategies and instructional techniques readers use before, during, and after reading to get meaning from text.
Research shows that maternal education influences childrens academic performance indirectly through the quality of the home environment. In this study, we tested the role of 12 variables within the...
Last week four of us from the CSU Office of the Chancellor went 20 miles east to Cal State Long Beach, where we met with the president, provost, faculty, and a phalanx of administrators. Among our campuses their record for graduating students and reducing achievement gaps is unusually strong, and we wanted to learn how…
NAHT is proud to be part of the Fair Education Alliance - a coalition committed to closing the achievement gap between young people from our poorest communities and their wealthier peers.
News flash: Do you want to know the best way to solve the economic problems in America? By closing the education achievement gap. Thats right. If we ...
By Getting Smart Staff - New iNACOL Report provides overview of Course Access as a state solution to opportunity and achievement gaps in K-12 education.
When youve been dubbed ``Americas Top Performing Urban School District your strategies to reduce a nagging achievement gap are worth noting -- and maybe even duplicating.The Houston Independent
Last week the World Economic Forum released its Global Gender Gap Report (Hausmann et al. 2010). As expected, the data in the report illustrates a significant and persistent pay and achievement gap between males and females around the world.
Here is a column idea for Paul Krugman (you remember him - he used to be talked about, before the Times Reject debacle?). The setting is Princeton, NJ, which is Krugmans hometown. The theme is the minority achievement gap in...
|img src=http://media.mmo-champion.com/images/news/2011/november/d3.png style=margin-bottom:-2px; margin-right:0px; vertical-align:bottom /| Whats New in the Closed Beta Armory Stats - Player Achievement Points Distribution Today we are taking a look at the achievement points distribution of Level 90 players. There are 7.6 million characters and 2.9 million accounts that make up this sample. Main character is defined as the character with the most achievement points on an account.
Complete Seeing Stars before the first flag zombie appears. So, I cleared this achievement a week or two ago, and I thought Id share. For this achievement, I really dont have any methodologies to share this with. Why? Because admittedly, this achievement is really, really hard! Instead, Ill provide you with some tips on how…
Summative Essay 1 is designed to assess students ability to structure an argument, as well as their ability to engage with secondary material. Summative Essay 2 is designed to assess students ability to write a critical essay that makes an argument about the text, uses secondary criticism, and that, as part of its argument, engages with aspects of literary form and style. Half of the mark for Summative 3 for attendance and participation is awarded on the basis of attendance, which includes punctual arrival at seminars. The second half of this mark is awarded on the basis of participation in seminars and study groups. Together these activities enable students to develop written communication skills and to develop their ideas about and understanding of the subject and the core academic skills of research and analysis associated with it.. ...
We want to be sure that students selected for the program have the academic skills and personal maturity to be successful in a college environment. With that in mind our admissions staff evaluates each application individually.. We also understand that some students may have an excellent GPA but may struggle with standardized tests (or vice versa), or perhaps you had a difficult semester due to external circumstances. This is why your essay is important to us; it is your chance to tell us more about yourself than just your grades and test scores.. ...
We are home and so Im wondering what to do with the kids. The weather has gotten nice. Philip, Thomas, and Sarah are spending a good number of hours riding their new bikes. I also find it a good time to help strengthen their academic skill. I bought these place mats you can write on. Philips has addition problems, Thomas has multiplication problems, and Sarah has ABCs to write. I have Philip doing his Fast for words computer program everyday, and Thomas is watching science DVDs (he got a pretty bad grade in science). Home schooling is not legal in Germany. They are really cracking down on parents who teach their kids at home. The parents must pay large fines, and even risk losing their kids and going to jail. I would love to home school Philip. I can not do it...except during vacations! So part of our stay cation includes home work ...
Kaplans nursing entrance exam practice test helps determine whether a student has the academic skills to perform effectively in a school of nursing.
THEY CALL IT the summer learning gap, the summer slide and, in fancy circles, academic atrophy.By whatever name, its the decline in academic skills experienced by some students during the
Actually, the formulation and sharing of various skills and the field for existing definitions and classifications of hedging as a new computer was purchased to complete the process, you thought that all staff are consulted about the literature chapter. An academic literacies approach. Piche is a far wider context as children experience science via atti- tudes, processes, and the institution has changed since the mid 1976s. Additionally, analysis variance anova was used for the difference. Null hypothesis 1. There is a rhe- torical issue, but it all on the work and the writing process stages for the source of information fluency. G the humans clearly preferred white noise to die is a norm-referenced standardized achievement test. Increasing visibility the visibility of student achievements. J. Elspeth stuckey argues that literacy, rather than leaving them unspoken. Keep in mind, too, that the editor of a count noun and verb. That is the easiest techniques to identify the direct phrase, ...
Were back to school and soon children will be bringing home loads of homework. For many children academic tasks such as worksheets, projects and homework can feel overwhelming! In Dr...
We want you to join us at Monsignor Michael OLeary Catholic School! Our team of professional teachers, support staff and leaders are ready to focus on your childs academic, spiritual, social and physical development. By choosing a Catholic school, your child will receive a distinct, faith-filled educational experience that we know will help prepare them for a positive future ...
Hours: Monday - Wednesday: 10:00 AM - 6:00 PM. Thursday: 10:00 AM - 4:00 PM. Friday: 10:00 AM - 2:00 PM. Sunday: 5:00 PM - 9:00 PM. Biology and chemistry are often referred to as "killer courses". We can help. Our student tutors have taken these classes and may have had your instructor. They will break down complicated concepts and give advice on how to best study these difficult courses. We provide:. ...
Im not sure thats entirely true. The principal mechanism of loss would presumably be excisions during misalignment in meiosis. But every such misalignment produces two gamete products, one longer and one shorter. So in a purely neutral scenario, a population could not purge itself of its junk by this means. It could drift out, but just as likely not. Add into that the fact that the shorter gametes will be more frequently deleterious (since excision is more likely to do damage), and you have a bias against shortening. Interacting with these factors we have the cost of the extra DNA, but this is only assumed to be significant. For a multicellular organism, its the material cost of adding this fractional extra DNA to a soma, which is already a pretty expensive suit (but which presumably pays for itself). Even in a single-celled organism, shortening will only be selected if the advantage in the current population is significant. The genomes that could shed it all might be lean, but the kind of ...
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Summarizes frequent uses of standardized achievement tests including screening, determining eligibility, and monitoring progress.
学习成绩 的翻译结果:learning achievement;academic achievement;academic performance||双语例句|英文例句|相关文摘
Get an answer for What is the positive correlation between fitness exercise and academic performance?just need info and find homework help for other Science questions at eNotes
VPD will present our groups nano-biomedical research on the "Academic Day" event at CMH and CMRC on April 6, 2007. This will be an opportunity for the group to interact with clinical physicians and practitioners about role of magnetic nanostructures in MR imaging and therapeutics.. ...
The newest Washington Assessment of Student Learning--the tests that the state uses to gauge students academic achievement, as well as schools success or failure under the US "No Child Left Behind Act"-- was just released. ...
Supplemental Instruction (SI) is a series of weekly study sessions offered for students enrolled in historically difficult courses. Session times and locations subject to change. Please check with SI leader for details.. ...
Research Question: What role does teacher recruitment and retention play in creating student achievement in urban schools? What keeps teachers in the
In interviews marking publication of Spinraza and gene therapy trial reports, a researcher and Cure SMA talk about achievements, concerns and possibilities.
In an interview, it is acceptable to brag to a certain extent. You should be able to describe your proudest achievement in an interview. The interviewer may even ...
After a week-long break, the 5.3 PTR is getting some updates! Theres a new promotional mount for Hearthstone, some vanity items tied to the Darkspear Rebellion, a pet that changes appearance based on the seasons, and new Brawlers Guild achievements.
Defeat Flame Leviathan with at least 3 Orbital Defense Systems active in 10-player mode. In the Legacy Raid Achievements category. Always up to date.
Hi all, Just looking for some advice regarding the Tranquil Master meta achievement for killing all the Shas. I only need to kill the Sha of Despair to complete the meta, so tonight I went through the questline until I was given the quest to kill him. Upon downing him in the basement of the Temple of the Red Crane I received credit for killing him for the quest, but not the meta ach. I tried abandoning the quest and reaccepting and relogging/rezoning with no luck. Are there any known
Our mission is to promote student achievement and preparation for global competitiveness by fostering educational excellence and ensuring equal access.. ...
Notable professional achievements[edit]. Titles and scores[edit]. *First perfect game on live national television: Jack ...
Special achievements[edit]. *The Hunter Huss Chess Team won the 2004-2005, 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 3A Chess State Championships ...
Academic achievement[edit]. In 2011, the school district was rated "academically acceptable" by the Texas Education Agency.[5] ...
Academic achievement[edit]. Karns City Area School District was ranked 177th out of the 498 ranked Pennsylvania school ... 2 Academic achievement *2.1 Junior Senior High School *2.1.1 Dual enrollment ... The school was identified as a Bronze level school for academic programs and student achievement. ... ability and achievement test scores); hearing, vision, motor, and speech/language screening; and review by the Instructional ...
Achievements in mathematics[edit]. Apollonian metric[edit]. In 1934, Barbilian published his article[4] describing metrization ...
Mathematical achievements[edit]. In mathematics, there is a distinction between insight and formulating or working through a ... His achievements were to be fully understood much later, well after his untimely death in 1920. For example, his work on the ... commemorating his achievements in the field of number theory,[71] and a new design was issued on 26 December 2011, by the India ...
Achievements[edit]. *He also holds the record for the most number of dismissals as wicketkeeper in all forms of international ... These matches include a victory over Australia, an achievement which Pollock could not manage. ...
Achievements, rankings and impact[edit]. Rankings[edit]. *Dental School ranked one of world's highest [20] overall. ...
Achievements[edit]. Urea cycle (Krebs-Henseleit cycle)[edit]. While working at the Medical Clinic of the University of Freiburg ... It is awarded for outstanding achievements in biochemistry and molecular biology.[43][44] ...
IQ/achievement tests[edit]. IQ tests purport to be measures of intelligence, while achievement tests are measures of the use ... and academic achievement tests (e.g. WIAT, WRAT, Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Achievement-III) are designed to be administered to ... IQ (or cognitive) tests and achievement tests are common norm-referenced tests. In these types of tests, a series of tasks is ... A score on a well-constructed test is believed to reflect a psychological construct such as achievement in a school subject, ...
Technological and scientific achievements[edit]. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by ... Among the other achievements, one worth mentioning is the first suspension bridge in Continental Europe (1832), the first ...
Achievements of his reign. Henri IV on Horseback Trampling his Enemy. Bronze, circa 1615-1620. From France, probably Paris. ...
Achievements[edit]. *Won over $1.5 million in prize money. *First horse to win 2 consecutive World Cup Final titles 1988 ...
The Martin Gardner Lifetime Achievement Award. Awarded to author and entertainer Steve Allen at the First World Skeptic ... This award is given to those who has "shown outstanding commitment and ability in communicating the achievements, methods, and ... Allen was recognized for his lifetime achievement "in cultivating the public appreciation of critical thinking and science".[43 ...
Achievements[edit]. *Christiaan Eijkman (The Director of Javanese Medical Doctor School, the earlier form of Universitas ...
Julianne Michelle - For her magnificent achievements in raising funds for charities. References[edit]. *^ a b Crouse, Richard ( ... The Former Child Star Lifetime Achievement Awards[edit]. ★ Drew Barrymore. ★ Johnny Whitaker ... 10.3 The Former Child Star Lifetime Achievement Awards. *10.4 The Outstanding Young Performer in a Television Commercial Award ...
Competition achievements[edit]. Olympic Games[edit]. All Olympic ice hockey tournaments between 1920 and 1968 also counted as ...
Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT-R). Public schools[edit]. Main article: List of state achievement tests in the United ... Ability/ Achievement tests[edit]. Ability/ Achievement tests are used to evaluate a student's or worker's understanding, ... State achievement tests are standardized tests. These may be required in American public schools for the schools to receive ... A general distinction is usually made between tests of ability/ aptitude (intelligence tests) versus tests of achievement ( ...
Achievements[edit]. Among his awards, in 1995 Nielsen received UCLA's Jack Benny Award.[47] In 1988, he became the 1,884th ...
Achievements[edit]. *Aanchal Thakur won bronze in the Alpine Ejder 3200 Cup organised by the Federation Internationale de Ski. ...
Lifetime Achievement Award Bee Gees Won [140] Band members[edit]. Barry Gibb played rhythm guitar. During the early 1970s, ...
To add onto his achievements Joel was inducted into the Rock 'n Roll Hall of Fame in 1999. Ray Charles made the induction ... A banner was raised in his honor marking this achievement. On December 1, 2007, Joel premiered his new song "Christmas in ...
Awards and achievements. Preceded by. Georgia Gould. USA Cross-Country Mountain Bike National Champion. 2012. Succeeded by. TBD ...
Academic achievement[edit]. In 2009, the school district was rated "recognized" by the Texas Education Agency.[2] ...
Academic achievement[edit]. In 2009, the school district was rated "academically acceptable" by the Texas Education Agency.[1] ...
Health Risk Behaviors and Academic Achievement pdf icon[PDF - 2 pages]. *Alcohol Use and Academic Achievement pdf icon[PDF - 2 ... Drug Use and Academic Achievement pdf icon[PDF - 2 pages]. *Unintentional Injuries and Academic Achievement pdf icon[PDF - 2 ... Coordinated school health programs and academic achievement: A systematic review of the literatureexternal icon. J Sch Health ... Do health and education agencies in the United States share responsibility for academic achievement and health? A review of 25 ...
Figure 1 - The most important achievements in 3D printing in pharmaceutical and biomedical applications. How it Works. Among ... This review is aimed at the newest development and achievements in the field of pharmaceutical and biomedical research from the ... The current achievements include multifunctional drug delivery systems with accelerated release characteristic, adjustable and ... 3D Printing in Pharmaceutical and Medical Applications - Recent Achievements and Challenges * Orphan Drug Patents: Concerns ...
Students Affected by Achievement Gaps. The term "achievement gap" is often defined as the differences between the test scores ... Issues And Action/More Issues.../Achievement Gaps/Research & Tools/Students Affected by Achievement Gaps ... Back to: Issues And Action / More Issues... / Achievement Gaps / Research & Tools / Students Affected by Achievement Gaps ... But achievement gaps in test scores affect many different groups. Some groups may trail at particular points, for example, boys ...
... At the beginning of the 20th century, for every 1000 ...
While each of these policy realms has been undertaken with the purported aim of equalizing educational achievements for all ... McDermotts work examines ways that student achievement is connected to demographics and equity. The scope of her research ... comprehensive access to health care and universal early childhood education could have a big impact on student achievement. ... setting benchmarks alone will not eliminate persistent achievement gaps. ...
Achievement First Hartford High School students participate in a daily book club discussion of Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison ... 09.05.2012 - Hartford, CT - Achievement First Hartford High School students participate in a daily book club discussion of " ... 09.05.2012 - Hartford, CT - Achievement First Hartford High School students participate in a daily book club discussion of " ... 09.05.2012 - Hartford, CT - Achievement First Hartford High School students participate in a daily book club discussion of ...
This book started as a symposium on Achievement Motiva- tion at the 1978 American Educational Research Association Convention. ... Achievement theory had by now well surpassed its beginnings in the 1950s and 1960s and was ready for a composite presentation ... Achievement Motivation: Trends in Theory and Research. * Front Matter Pages 1-1 ... Achievement Motivation and Life Span Human Development. * Front Matter Pages 169-169 ...
RAND research measures the effects of various types of school reforms on student achievement, with recent studies focusing on ... The hallmark of a successful education system is increasing or maintaining high student achievement. ... Academic Achievement Gap. Researcher Spotlight. * Christopher Joseph Doss. Associate Policy Researcher. Christopher Doss (he/ ... Academic Achievement. Featured. The hallmark of a successful education system is increasing or maintaining high student ...
FPC holds the record of most runs scored in SM-45 overs limited game. We scored 560/6 in 45 overs in the year 2004 against MTS (Mens Thinking Society) in Suomelinna Fort playing ground where many balls were ...
... achievement gap in education refers to the disparity in academic performance between groups of students. It is most often used ... The "achievement gap" in education refers to the disparity in academic performance between groups of students. The achievement ... In the 1990s, the controversial book, The Bell Curve, claimed that gaps in student achievement were the result of variation in ... Achievement gaps seem likely to remain a focus in the next authorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. The ...
The social cost to high-achieving black students for allegedly acting white among their peers may extend to other student groups when they are in the racial minority.
Among other recommendations to close achievement gaps, it suggests that communities provide universal access to high-quality ... Educators now have the information and the means to close achievement gaps between current student performance and the high ... Among other recommendations to close achievement gaps, it suggests that communities provide universal access to high-quality ... Published in Print: December 8, 2004, as Achievement Gaps Back to Top ...
Achievement First Hartford High School students walk a corridor to lunch past a piece of frosted glass with a quote by George ... 09.05.2012 - Hartford, CT - Achievement First Hartford High School students walk a corridor to lunch past a piece of frosted ... 09.05.2012 - Hartford, CT - Achievement First Hartford High School students walk a corridor to lunch past a piece of frosted ... 09.05.2012 - Hartford, CT - Achievement First Hartford High School students walk a corridor to lunch past a piece of frosted ...
Achievement Gaps. "Are State Assessments Comparable to the NAEP? Exploring Sociological and Political Factors Related to State/ ...
The Achievement Scholarship is available to entering freshmen at the University of Minnesota, Crookston. You must have an ACT ... The Achievement Scholarship is available to entering freshmen at the University of Minnesota, Crookston. You must have an ACT ...
The Achievement Awards Program is a non-competitive awards program which seeks to recognize innovative county government ... What is the Achievement Awards Program?. The Achievement Awards Program is a non-competitive awards program which seeks to ... Achievement Awards. The Achievement Awards Program is a non-competitive awards program which seeks to recognize innovative ... Applications for the 2017 Achievement Awards Program will be submitted online with NACos Achievement Award Application Portal. ...
... MSc.CFT Graduate Employability. Couple and Family Therapy graduates are employed in diverse settings ... Source URL: https://www.uoguelph.ca/family/student-achievement Links. [1] https://www.uoguelph.ca/family/couple-and-family- ... 5] https://www.uoguelph.ca/family/CFT-student-achievement. [6] https://www.uoguelph.ca/family/graduate-admissions-requirements ...
... names NUWAY the recipient of its 2019 Organizational Achievement Award. NAADAC, the... ... names NUWAY the recipient of its 2019 Organizational Achievement Award. NAADAC, the nations largest membership organization ...
The TA Center on Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports has been established by the Office of Special Education Programs, US Department of Education to give schools capacity-building information and technical assistance for identifying, adapting, and sustaining effective school-wide disciplinary practices ...
Exposure to television before preschool can result in higher student achievement later in life, a research report suggests. ... Published in Print: March 8, 2006, as Television and Achievement Back to Top ...
The Achievement Scholarship is available to incoming students at Occidental College. This award may be renewed for three ... The Achievement Scholarship is available to incoming students at Occidental College. This award may be renewed for three ...
American Achievement Scholarship is available to students residing in Hampden, Hampshire, or Franklin County. You must be ... The African- American Achievement Scholarship is available to students residing in Hampden, Hampshire, or Franklin County. You ...
Published in Print: October 1, 2014, as Minority Student Achievement Related Stories ...
Achievement Wedges. AbleData does not produce, distribute or sell any of the products listed on this website, but we provide ... The Achievement Wedges are child positioning wedges designed for use with children with mobility, neurological, or lower ...
Student Achievement. SMUs Strategic Plan promises to create, expand and impart knowledge through teaching, research and ...
  • But achievement gaps in test scores affect many different groups. (nea.org)
  • And UMass Amherst educational policy expert Kathryn McDermott's research shows that in our increasingly racially and economically stratified society, setting benchmarks alone will not eliminate persistent achievement gaps. (umass.edu)
  • In the past decade, though, scholars and policymakers have begun to focus increasing attention on other achievement gaps, such as those based on sex, English-language proficiency and learning disabilities. (edweek.org)
  • With the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 , closing achievement gaps among these various student groups became a focus of federal education accountability, and schools and districts were required to disaggregate student test scores and other performance data by student characteristics to enable better comparisons between groups. (edweek.org)
  • This created both to greater awareness of racial disparities and to rising concern about other kinds of achievement gaps. (edweek.org)
  • The attention led to more targeted interventions for different groups of students, but had not closed most achievement gaps to an appreciable degree a decade of the law passed. (edweek.org)
  • Educators now have the information and the means to close achievement gaps between current student performance and the high academic standards set for all students, concludes a report by the National Association of State Boards of Education. (edweek.org)
  • Among other recommendations to close achievement gaps, it suggests that communities provide universal access to high-quality preschool, target existing resources toward students who need them most, and keep more highly qualified teachers and principals in high-need schools. (edweek.org)
  • The National Center for Education Statistics compiles data and explores the achievement gaps between Black and White, and Hispanic and White students to try and determine the changes over time, patterns of achievement, and the reasons for these gaps. (excite.com)
  • "Examining the Gaps in Mathematics Achievement Among Racial-Ethnic Groups, 1972-1992," is available online from RAND Corporation . (edweek.org)
  • In contrast to the improvements from 1972 to 1992, the period from 1992 to 2002 was marked by "pervasive, profound, and persistent" achievement gaps, according to the ETS study, which was presented last month at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association in Montreal. (edweek.org)
  • While this article focuses on the achievement gap in the United States, the gap in achievement between lower income students and higher income students exists in all nations and it has been studied extensively in the U.S. and other countries, including the U.K. Various other gaps between groups exist around the globe as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health-Related Behaviors and Academic Achievement Among High School Students - United States, 2015. (cdc.gov)
  • The term "achievement gap" is often defined as the differences between the test scores of minority and/or low-income students and the test scores of their White and Asian peers. (nea.org)
  • While each of these policy realms has been undertaken with the purported aim of equalizing educational achievements for all students, McDermott's findings show that the results have been anything but equal. (umass.edu)
  • The "achievement gap" in education refers to the disparity in academic performance between groups of students. (edweek.org)
  • 09.05.2012 - Hartford, CT - Achievement First Hartford High School students walk a corridor to lunch past a piece of frosted glass with a quote by George Washington Carver. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • The Achievement Scholarship is available to incoming students at Occidental College. (fastweb.com)
  • The African- American Achievement Scholarship is available to students residing in Hampden, Hampshire, or Franklin County. (fastweb.com)
  • Students with chronic health conditions may face lower academic achievement, increased disability, fewer job opportunities and limited community interactions as they enter adulthood.2 Because these youth spend a significant amount of their time in schools, it is important to understand the relationship between chronic health conditions and academic achievement. (cdc.gov)
  • Studies show that some students with chronic health conditions have lower academic achievement than students who do not have such conditions, although this relationship varies by condition and can be influenced by additional factors. (cdc.gov)
  • Achievement gap refers to a phenomenon where one group of students (divided according to race, ethnicity or gender) outperforms another group and the difference in performance scores is statistically significant. (excite.com)
  • By keeping track of student achievement levels and analyzing the results, schools can pinpoint the areas where the students are lacking and make arrangements to fix them. (excite.com)
  • Parent involvement, without doubt, has a strong impact on the achievement outcomes for students. (excite.com)
  • Economic opportunities for the students' families, access to healthcare and social services, community safety, access to facilities such as libraries and museums etc and access to quality child-care and after-school programs are all determinants of the achievement gap in a particular group of people. (excite.com)
  • The National Achievement Scholarship is available to students entering the University of Richmond. (fastweb.com)
  • Some express concern that records of student achievement do not reflect the fine work of teachers who prevent underachievers from failing, students who nonetheless end up with relatively low grades. (edweek.org)
  • For us," KIPP AMP teacher Emily Fernandez explains, "unionization is ultimately all about student achievement, and the ability of teachers to best serve students at this crucial middle school time in their education. (edreform.com)
  • Two studies unveiled last month paint a fuller picture of the persistent achievement gap in mathematics that separates the nation's black and Latino students from their higher-achieving white peers, and the kinds of efforts that might-or might not-help to eliminate it. (edweek.org)
  • Oftentimes, educational researchers focus on education policy in thinking about the achievement gap, but we also need to think about extending that to welfare policy," said Mark Berends of Vanderbilt University, the lead author of the RAND study, "and to think about extending opportunities not only to students but to parents of students in schools. (edweek.org)
  • His study draws on four different federal databases to analyze the achievement-gap trends among high school seniors between 1972 and 1992, a period when black and Latino students seemed to be catching up with white students. (edweek.org)
  • For instance, those coursetaking improvements were linked to 60 percent of the decrease seen in the achievement gap between white and black students within schools, the report says. (edweek.org)
  • The achievement gap refers to the difference in student achievement level between low-income and/or students of color, and the rest of American students. (wikihow.com)
  • The Academic Achievement Award is open to entering first-year and transfer students at the University of Colorado at Denver. (fastweb.com)
  • Early evidence suggests that personalized learning (PL) can improve achievement for students, regardless of their starting level of achievement. (rand.org)
  • The study, conducted by RAND Corporation researchers for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, compares the achievement of students in PL schools with (1) matched peers attending non-PL schools and (2) national norms. (rand.org)
  • Developed within a social-cognitive framework, achievement goal theory proposes that students' motivation and achievement-related behaviors can be understood by considering the reasons or purposes they adopt while engaged in academic work. (wikipedia.org)
  • Students' achievement orientations were shown to be predictive of academic performance, specifically, students with high achievement orientation tended to value competence, expect success and seek challenges, while students with low achievement motivation tended to expect failure and avoid challenges. (wikipedia.org)
  • Under No Child Left Behind, achievement tests have taken on an additional role of assessing proficiency of students. (wikipedia.org)
  • Better teaching practices are expected to increase the amount learned in a school year, and therefore to increase achievement scores, and yield more "proficient" students than before. (wikipedia.org)
  • When writing achievement test items, writers usually begin with a list of content standards (either written by content specialists or based on state-created content standards) which specify exactly what students are expected to learn in a given school year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Students with higher mental ability as demonstrated by IQ tests and those who are higher in conscientiousness (linked to effort and achievement motivation) tend to achieve highly in academic settings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Parent's academic socialization is a term describing the way parents influence students' academic achievement by shaping students' skills, behaviors and attitudes towards school. (wikipedia.org)
  • In other words, students with higher need for achievement have greater academic performance.Bad dietary habits can create the disadvantage of a lack of motivation Self-Control, in the academic setting, is related self-discipline, self-regulation, delay of gratification and impulse control. (wikipedia.org)
  • Junior Achievement works with local businesses and organizations to deliver experiential programs on the topics of financial literacy, work readiness, and entrepreneurship to students in kindergarten through high school. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1975, Junior Achievement introduced its first in-school program, Project Business, featuring volunteers from the local business community teaching middle school students about business and personal finance. (wikipedia.org)
  • This theory explains a lack of motivation in students as a result of the students' belief in achievement ideology. (wikipedia.org)
  • She describes this as the "paradox of underachievement," a discrepancy between a student's ideology and their actual achievement (i.e., when students do not do well in school despite their support of the achievement ideology). (wikipedia.org)
  • High Achievement is an innovative[citation needed] option school established by the Cleveland Metropolitan School District (CMSD) and Cuyahoga Community College (Tri-C). High Achievement prepares high school students for technological careers or higher education in a resource-rich learning environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • High Achievement is a dual enrollment program in which high school students in the Cleveland Metropolitan School District whom attend Whitney Young High School attend a half day of school at Whitney Young and then attend classes on the Tri-C campuses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Students may apply to High Achievement in the Spring term of their sophomore year. (wikipedia.org)
  • The National Achievement Test (NAT), is a set of examinations taken in the Philippines by students in Years 6, 10, and 12. (wikipedia.org)
  • provide empirical information on the achievement level of pupils/students in Grades Six, Ten, and Twelve to serve as guide for policy makers, administrators, curriculum planners, supervisors, principals and teachers in their respective courses of action. (wikipedia.org)
  • The summits were originally attended by high school students chosen based on their academic achievement and extracurricular activities. (wikipedia.org)
  • The General Achievement Test (GAT) is a test of general knowledge and skills in written communication, mathematics, science and technology, humanities, the arts and social sciences taken by all Victorian students prior to completing their VCE. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Achievement Improvement Monitor (AIM) program was a testing scheme used to monitor the development of literacy and numeracy skills of school students in Victoria, Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mathematics, Engineering, Science Achievement (MESA) is an academic preparation program for pre-college, community college and university-level students. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2008 MESA was named a finalist by Excelencia in Education as one of the nation's most effective community college programs to increase educational opportunities and improve achievement for Latino students. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Institute for Student Achievement (ISA) is a "high school turnaround partner" for public school districts attempting to improve high school education, particularly for at-risk students. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Stanford Achievement Test Series is used to measure academic knowledge of elementary and secondary school students. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Illinois State Achievement Test reports out Lexile measures for students in grades 3-8. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, achievement tests are sometimes used to measure or evaluate aspects of education for which they are not designed, including how well a school is educating its students. (wikipedia.org)
  • Junior Achievement of South Florida was founded locally in 1959 by the Fort Lauderdale Rotary Club and served just 373 high school students during its first year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Junior Achievement programs reached 44,000 Broward and South Palm Beach County students during the 2009-2010 school year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Junior Achievement of South Florida offers age-appropriate curricula to ensure that students understand their roles as future members of the business community. (wikipedia.org)
  • Credits are awarded through students passing unit standards or achievement standards. (wikipedia.org)
  • Together the participants initiated a project for developing and sustaining a regional network of 15 suburban districts that would be committed to working together to enhance the achievement and well-being of all students. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Consortium seeks to measurably and appreciably reduce the disparities in achievement and educational engagement between African American and Hispanic students and their Caucasian and Asian peers both within and among the collective districts that belong to the Consortium. (wikipedia.org)
  • The achievement gap in the United States refers to the observed, persistent disparity in measures of educational performance among subgroups of U.S. students, especially groups defined by socioeconomic status (SES), race/ethnicity and gender. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research into the causes of the disparity in academic achievement between students from different socioeconomoic and racial backgrounds has been ongoing since the 1966 publication of the Coleman Report (officially titled "Equality of Educational Opportunity"), commissioned by the U.S. Department of Education, which found that a combination of home, community, and in-school factors have an impact on academic performance and contribute to the achievement gap. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to American educational psychologist David Berliner, home and community environments have a stronger impact on school achievement than in-school factors, in part, because students spend more time outside of school than in school. (wikipedia.org)
  • The graphs below show the achievement gap on this assessment between black and white students and between Hispanic and white students in the U.S. over time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Annette Lareau suggested that students who lack middle-class cultural capital and have limited parental involvement are likely to have lower academic achievement than their better resourced peers. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Puerto Rican Tests of Academic Achievement -Spanish: Pruebas Puertorriqueñas de Aprovechamiento Académico (PPAA)- are a set of standardized achievement tests provided by the Department of Education of Puerto Rico that evaluate the academic achievement of students in Puerto Rico. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another achievement test which is sometimes used instead of the PIAT-R is the Wechsler Individual Achievement Test - Third Edition. (wikipedia.org)
  • She adds that improved government programs related to income supports for families, comprehensive access to health care and universal early childhood education could have a big impact on student achievement. (umass.edu)
  • McDermott's work examines ways that student achievement is connected to demographics and equity. (umass.edu)
  • The hallmark of a successful education system is increasing or maintaining high student achievement. (rand.org)
  • RAND research measures the effects of various types of school reforms on student achievement, with recent studies focusing on charter schools, No Child Left Behind, reform-oriented teaching, and classroom sizes. (rand.org)
  • Exposure to television before preschool can result in higher student achievement later in life, a research report suggests. (edweek.org)
  • Five Orange County parents, backed by a group that says it defends religious liberty, have filed a lawsuit challenging the state's CLAS student achievement test, which has come under legal assault across the state as anti-family and inappropriate for children. (latimes.com)
  • A person's score on a test of general mental ability and the person's score on an achievement test, which is supposed to reflect what a student has learned in school, are almost interchangeable. (edweek.org)
  • Student delegates from 25 countries gather in Kailua-Kona, Hawaii for the International Achievement Summit. (achievement.org)
  • While these measures do have an overall positive effect on closing the achievement gap, such "fragmented" interventions cannot have a long lasting impact, even though they may boost student achievement in the short term. (excite.com)
  • However, measurable student achievement is seldom included among these goals. (edweek.org)
  • Instead, in most school systems, they are evaluated according to what an administrator--on the basis of the infrequent, formal classroom visits-- thinks student achievement will be. (edweek.org)
  • Teachers have opposed the use of student-achievement data in their evaluations on several grounds. (edweek.org)
  • Others object to the use of student-achievement data in evaluating teachers on the grounds that teachers will teach to the test and will give "soft" grades, and that teachers have little control over the climate for learning in their schools. (edweek.org)
  • A final reservation about placing new emphasis on actual student achievement in teacher evaluation is that it overlooks the contribution that inspirational teachers make in stimulating student interest in learning. (edweek.org)
  • Weighting for student characteristics is not precise enough to permit grading each teacher on a scale based upon student achievement. (edweek.org)
  • A] strong and committed staff," the teachers wrote, "is the first step to student achievement. (edreform.com)
  • Unionization is all about student achievement? (edreform.com)
  • I mention in the Times this morning that as long as you have nonessential rules that have more to do with job operations than with student achievement, you are going to have a hard time accomplishing your mission. (edreform.com)
  • For a charter school board that is committed to making student achievement the primary goal of a school, "just cause" might mean a teacher isn't making a measurable impact. (edreform.com)
  • To avoid surprises at end-of-year test time, the Plano Independent School District in Texas wanted a better way to measure student achievement and progress, leaving time to intervene with corrective action when necessary. (sas.com)
  • How Does Personalized Learning Affect Student Achievement? (rand.org)
  • The research described in this brief begins to fill this gap by presenting an evaluation of PL schools and student achievement based on fall 2014 and spring 2015 mathematics and reading test scores. (rand.org)
  • In this study, I present new empirical evidence on whether assignment to a same-gender teacher influences student achievement, teacher perceptions of student performance, and student engagement. (nber.org)
  • Within-student comparisons based on these data indicate that assignment to a same-gender teacher significantly improves the achievement of both girls and boys as well as teacher perceptions of student performance and student engagement with the teacher's subject. (nber.org)
  • Achievement test scores are often used in an educational system to determine what level of instruction for which a student is prepared. (wikipedia.org)
  • Math-Verbal Achievement Gap Psychological testing Test (student assessment) High stakes test Hawaii Department of Education. (wikipedia.org)
  • Academic achievement or (academic) performance is the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their short or long-term educational goals. (wikipedia.org)
  • As with need achievement theory, social scientists who support test anxiety theory look to how a student evaluates her/his ability to succeed. (wikipedia.org)
  • If a student fully believes in the achievement ideology, failure can only be a result of lack of ability or lack of effort. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Achievement School District (ASD) is a school system in Tennessee providing academic intervention in the lowest performing schools in Tennessee, with the goal of increasing student achievement in those schools. (wikipedia.org)
  • Increasing Student Achievement: What State NAEP Test Scores Tell Us is a RAND study of educational reform in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Institute for Student Achievement website, accessed October 6, 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • ISA's model for school improvement is framed by what its website describes as seven "research-based principles" leading to greater student achievement and improved high school graduation and "college-going" rates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Student teams-achievement divisions (STAD) is a Cooperative learning strategy in which small groups of learners with different levels of ability work together to accomplish a shared learning goal. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Illinois Standards Achievement Test (ISAT) measured individual student achievement relative to the Illinois Learning Standards. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Computerized Achievement Levels Test is a student achievement test, and is more commonly referred to as the Northwest Achievement Levels Test (NALT), the paper version of the test. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Northwest Achievement Levels Test (NALT) is the paper version of the Computerized Achievement Levels Test, a test of student achievement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since then, Junior Achievement has gradually expanded its activities and broadened its scope to encompass an ever-widening student population. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Delaware Valley Minority Student Achievement Consortium began as an initiative of the Penn Center for Educational Leadership in the Graduate School of Education at the University of Pennsylvania, in collaboration with the School District of Cheltenham Township, and in partnership with the Pennsylvania Department of Education. (wikipedia.org)
  • Student Achievement and School Accountability Programs (SASA) is a division of the Office of Elementary and Secondary Education (OESE) of the U.S. Department of Education (ED) that administers programs of financial assistance to State and local education agencies (LEA) and to colleges and universities. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Accountability Group is responsible for ensuring that States develop and update the accountability systems used to hold school districts and schools responsible for student achievement under Title I, Part A as amended by the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). (wikipedia.org)
  • Mexican singer-songwriter Marco Antonio Solís has been given the Lifetime Achievement twice, once in 2005 and again in 2016, to commemorate his 30th and 40th anniversary as a recording artist respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • Soon afterward, at a Motivation in Education Conference at University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, it became apparent that due to this emergence of motivation what was needed was a comprehensive perspective as to the state of the art of achievement theory. (springer.com)
  • Achievement theory had by now well surpassed its beginnings in the 1950s and 1960s and was ready for a composite presentation and profile of the recent research and theories of motivation. (springer.com)
  • Research on achievement motivation can be traced back to the 1940s following the seminal work of David McClelland and colleagues who established the link between achievement and motivations (see Need for achievement). (wikipedia.org)
  • Personality researchers have explored aspects of achievement motivation as an aspect of identity, whereas social psychologists have focused on the thought patterns that arise across various contexts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, there are inconclusive results over which individual factors successfully predict academic performance, elements such as test anxiety, environment, motivation, and emotions require consideration when developing models of school achievement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ford describes four theories related to achievement ideology - need achievement, text anxiety, social learning and attribution theories: Social scientists who advocate this theory believe that one's achievement is a product of the motivation to succeed times the motivation to avoid failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • David C. McClelland's and his associates' investigations of achievement motivation have particular relevance to the emergence of leadership. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2002) is a psychological test to assess a broad construct of job-related achievement motivation. (wikipedia.org)
  • AMI is assessing 17 dimensions of work related achievement motivation. (wikipedia.org)
  • From its inception in the early 1960s to 2002, the Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal could not be approved by the commanding officers of ships, submarines, aviation squadron, or shore activities who held the rank of Commander (O-5). (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2002, Sandra L. Barnes, offered that people who believe in the American achievement ideology most likely blame underachievement on attitudinal or moral differences among individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • IRI Achievement Award Address)", Research-Technology Management, Vol. 45, No. 6 (November-December 2002). (wikipedia.org)
  • The math-verbal achievement gap is a phenomenon first observed by Richard Rothstein in a brief 2002 article written in The New York Times. (wikipedia.org)
  • Junior Achievement (also JA or JA Worldwide) is a non-profit youth organization founded in 1919 by Horace A. Moses, Theodore Vail, and Winthrop M. Crane. (wikipedia.org)
  • The following year, the organization's name was changed to the Junior Achievement Bureau. (wikipedia.org)
  • The name was modified in 1926 to Junior Achievement, Inc. Following World War II, the organization grew from a regional into a national organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, Junior Achievement is the world's largest organization dedicated to giving young people the knowledge and skills they need to own their economic success, plan for their future, and make smart academic and economic choices. (wikipedia.org)
  • Programs are delivered by more than 237,000 Junior Achievement volunteers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, Junior Achievement Worldwide has regional offices in Junior Achievement USA, JA Middle East and Africa (INJAZ Al-Arab), JA YE Europe, JA Asia Pacific, JA Americas, and JA Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several other organizations have joined Junior Achievement, such as Vlajo in Belgium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Junior Achievement: A History. (wikipedia.org)
  • Colorado Springs, CO: Junior Achievement Inc. p. 153. (wikipedia.org)
  • What Is Junior Achievement? (wikipedia.org)
  • Since its inception, Junior Achievement has been committed to "experiential learning. (wikipedia.org)
  • Taking it to the next level, Junior Achievement of South Florida created the JA World Huizenga center at Broward College that houses two new programs: JA BizTown and JA Finance Park. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Outstanding Achievement Medal is a single grade decoration of the Philippines awarded by the Secretary of National Defense. (wikipedia.org)
  • These symbols represent outstanding achievement and honor, respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Merchant Marine Medal for Outstanding Achievement is a decoration of the United States Merchant Marine awarded by the United States Maritime Administration. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Women of Outstanding Achievement Photographic Exhibition was an annual event organised by the UKRC. (wikipedia.org)
  • Significant research and a consistent pattern of results have demonstrated that an individual's achievement orientation in a particular domain can be characterized by one of two distinct achievement profiles: mastery orientation or performance orientation. (wikipedia.org)
  • and/or impact and importance of the individual's achievement that made a significant contribution that enables NASA to accomplish its mission. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ultimately, Barnes argues that success is best reached when one has an achievement-oriented attitude coupled with the actual ability to accomplish one's goals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Is it possible to color code grades/achievement levels for online viewing and exporting? (moodle.org)
  • We analyzed the relation between OHP and academic achievement, focusing on reading and math achievement in grades 3 through 8. (aappublications.org)
  • Features of the Record of School Achievement include: a list of courses undertaken in Years 10, 11 and 12 statewide grades (A-E) achieved at the end of Years 10 and 11 results in optional tests of literacy and numeracy a record of extra-curricular achievements The RoSA replaces the School Certificate, which was awarded for the last time in 2011. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Career Achievement Award, also referred to as the Career Achievement Medal, is an award of the Volcanology and Igneous Petrology Division of the Geological Association of Canada. (wikipedia.org)
  • The NASA Early Career Achievement Medal (ECAM) is awarded to any Government employee for unusual and significant performance during the first 10 years of an individual's early career (i.e., entry-level professional in a scientific, engineering, administrative professional or technical position) in support of the Agency. (wikipedia.org)
  • Where a child lives can have a significant effect on his or her educational opportunities and academic achievement, according to a study examining disparities across five school districts on Long Island outside New York City. (edweek.org)
  • It was a portfolio of documentation related to a pupil's academic and non-academic achievements, typically including GCSE certificates, certificates from extracurricular activities, school reports and anything else of relevance, presented in an official-looking folder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical education and academic achievement in elementary school: data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study. (cdc.gov)
  • These are examples of chronic health conditions that are commonly observed among school-aged youth, possibly affect academic achievement, or use significant resources when addressed at school. (cdc.gov)
  • A close cooperation between school and home can become one of the key pillars of closing the achievement gap. (excite.com)
  • There are many factors at play in the creation and perpetuation of the achievement gap, including school funding, teacher education, and discrimination. (wikihow.com)
  • While closing the achievement gap is a monumental task and requires systemic changes in school funding policy and government, you can take small steps to close the gap in your classroom or community. (wikihow.com)
  • Learn more about your local school district's commitment to closing the achievement gap by attending school board meetings. (wikihow.com)
  • Attend a school board meeting and address your concerns about the achievement gap at the district level. (wikihow.com)
  • The effect of middle school foreign language study on verbal achievement as measured by three subtests of the Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills [Abstract]. (actfl.org)
  • Cumulative GPA and completion of educational degrees such as High School and bachelor's degrees represent academic achievement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Achievement First is a charter school network in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2006, a staff member of the Center for Democracy and Citizenship was invited by the Educational Society for Malopolska (MTO) in Poland to lead Public Achievement training for educators and school administrators from the Balkans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Agrawal Given IRI Achievement Award" Purdue University's School of Chemical Engineering, Nov. 6, 2007, accessed Feb. 8, 2012. (wikipedia.org)
  • High Achievement first opened its doors in Beachwood, Ohio to 15 juniors and 15 seniors who attend Whitney M. Young High School in Cleveland, Ohio on Monday, August 24, 2009. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2. identify and analyze variations on achievement levels across the years by region, division, school and other variables 3. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tennessee received funding from the federal government to create the Achievement School District when it won Race to the Top, a United States Department of Education contest created to spur innovation and reforms in state and local district K-12 education. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malika Anderson was named the superintendent of the Achievement School District in November 2015 by the Tennessee Department of Education.She was preceded by Chris Barbic, who served in the role from 2011 to 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • Achievement Advisory Council For Potential Achievement School District Schools" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • Lincoln Achievement Center is a thirteen-year (K-12) special needs school of the Gary Community School Corporation in Gary, Indiana, United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reporting and Analysis for Improvement through School Self-Evaluation (RAISE) RAISEonline is a new web-based system which disseminates school performance data and will replace the current Ofsted Performance and Assessment (PANDA) reports and the DfES Pupil Achievement Tracker (PAT) in 2007 to coincide with the availability of 2006 validated National Curriculum data. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Education Achievement Authority (EAA or Authority) is the governing body of the Education Achievement System (EAS or System), a Michigan statewide school system for failing schools. (wikipedia.org)
  • The National Record of Achievement was a folder given to secondary school pupils in the United Kingdom in the 1990s and early 2000s. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Record of School Achievement (RoSA) is an Australian qualification issued by the New South Wales Education Standards Authority in New South Wales. (wikipedia.org)
  • The National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA) is the official secondary school qualification in New Zealand. (wikipedia.org)
  • Attempts to minimize the achievement gap by improving equality of access to educational opportunities have been numerous but fragmented, such as affirmative action, multicultural education, finance equalization,[clarification needed] and interventions to improve school testing, teacher quality and accountability. (wikipedia.org)
  • This can be seen as a negative emotional reaction, however in turn, as we learned from David McClelland, the need for achievement will take its course in different ways. (wikipedia.org)
  • David McClelland suggested other characteristics and attitudes of achievement-motivated people: Achievement is more important than material or financial reward. (wikipedia.org)
  • A performance-avoidance orientation describes individuals who strive to avoid looking incompetent, or less able than their peers by cultivating an appearance of effortless achievement. (wikipedia.org)
  • The achievement is perceived as outstanding or significant by peers and/or impacted target groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • The present study analyzed the relation between OHP and academic achievement by using statewide longitudinal administrative data from Wisconsin to produce a range of estimates of the potential effect of OHP on achievement, as captured by reading and math scores. (aappublications.org)
  • This achievement gap reveals a growing disparity in the United States between the rising national average on the math portions of the college entry SAT and ACT exams, as opposed to the flat-lining verbal portions on the same tests. (wikipedia.org)
  • The IRI Achievement Award, established by the Industrial Research Institute (IRI) in 1973, is awarded "to honor outstanding accomplishment in individual creativity and innovation that contributes broadly to the development of industry and to the benefit of society. (wikipedia.org)
  • In November 23, 2008, actor Terrence Howard presented Mariah with the honor of the achievement award once again for her 2008 world record of having the most number one singles on Billboard's Hot 100 chart than any solo artist in music history, which includes Elvis Presley. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eligibility should be determined by measuring contributions against the following examples of achievement: Accomplished supervisory or nonsupervisory duties in an outstanding manner, setting an example of achievement for others to follow. (wikipedia.org)
  • The NASA Exceptional Engineering Achievement Medal (abbreviated EEAM) was established by NASA in 1981 to recognize unusually significant engineering contributions towards achievement of aeronautical or space exploration goals. (wikipedia.org)