Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.
The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.
Performance, usually in school work, poorer than that predicted from aptitude and/or intelligence testing.
Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.
The ability to acquire general or special types of knowledge or skill.
The end-result or objective, which may be specified or required in advance.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Primarily non-verbal tests designed to predict an individual's future learning ability or performance.
Educational institutions.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
Requirements for the selection of students for admission to academic institutions.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The teaching or training of those individuals with hearing disability or impairment.
Test designed to identify students suitable for admission into a graduate or undergraduate curriculum.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Strong desires to accomplish something. This usually pertains to greater values or high ideals.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.
The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
A learning situation involving more than one alternative from which a selection is made in order to attain a specific goal.
Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.
The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
A general term for the complete loss of the ability to hear from both ears.
Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.
A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The educational process of instructing.
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.
Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.
Specialized instruction for students deviating from the expected norm.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Study of coins, tokens, medals, etc. However, it usually refers to medals pertaining to the history of medicine.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
Tests designed to measure intellectual functioning in children and adults.
Impaired ability in numerical concepts. These inabilities arise as a result of primary neurological lesion, are syndromic (e.g., GERSTMANN SYNDROME ) or acquired due to brain damage.
Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Therapeutic act or process that initiates a response to a complete or partial remission level.
Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
A person's view of himself.
One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.
A cognitive disorder characterized by an impaired ability to comprehend written and printed words or phrases despite intact vision. This condition may be developmental or acquired. Developmental dyslexia is marked by reading achievement that falls substantially below that expected given the individual's chronological age, measured intelligence, and age-appropriate education. The disturbance in reading significantly interferes with academic achievement or with activities of daily living that require reading skills. (From DSM-IV)
Care of CHILDREN in the home or in an institution.
The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.
The ability to understand and manage emotions and to use emotional knowledge to enhance thought and deal effectively with tasks. Components of emotional intelligence include empathy, self-motivation, self-awareness, self-regulation, and social skill. Emotional intelligence is a measurement of one's ability to socialize or relate to others.
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
Occasions to commemorate an event or occasions designated for a specific purpose.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
Numeric or quantitative entities, descriptions, properties, relationships, operations, and events.
Standardized objective tests designed to facilitate the evaluation of personality.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.
Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)
Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)
Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.
The upward or downward mobility in an occupation or the change from one occupation to another.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Use for general articles concerning medical education.
Persons with any degree of loss of hearing that has an impact on their activities of daily living or that requires special assistance or intervention.
Management review designed to evaluate efficiency and to identify areas in need of management improvement within the institution in order to ensure effectiveness in meeting organizational goals.
The sum or the stock of words used by a language, a group, or an individual. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
The morphologic and physiological changes of the MUSCLES, bones (BONE AND BONES), and CARTILAGE of the body, i.e., MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, during the prenatal and postnatal stages of development.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A group of Indian Ocean Islands, east of Tanzania. Their capital is Victoria. They were first claimed by the French in 1744 but taken by the English in 1794 and made a dependency of MAURITIUS in 1810. They became a crown colony in 1903 and a republic within the Commonwealth in 1976. They were named for the French finance minister, Jean Moreau de Sechelles, but respelled by the English in 1794. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1102 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p496)
Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.
A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.
Schools for children usually under five years of age.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.
A scheme which provides reimbursement for the health services rendered, generally by an institution, and which provides added financial rewards if certain conditions are met. Such a scheme is intended to promote and reward increased efficiency and cost containment, with better care, or at least without adverse effect on the quality of the care rendered.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.
The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
Learning to respond verbally to a verbal stimulus cue.
The absence of certain expected and acceptable cultural phenomena in the environment which results in the failure of the individual to communicate and respond in the most appropriate manner within the context of society. Language acquisition and language use are commonly used in assessing this concept.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.
A natural, adoptive, or substitute parent of a dependent child, who lives with only one parent. The single parent may live with or visit the child. The concept includes the never-married, as well as the divorced and widowed.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Skills in the use of language which lead to proficiency in written or spoken communication.
The study of the precise nature of different mental tasks and the operations of the brain that enable them to be performed, engaging branches of psychology, computer science, philosophy, and linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological changes during ADOLESCENCE, approximately between the age of 13 and 18.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
The interactions between parent and child.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Financial assistance to impoverished persons for the essentials of living through federal, state or local government programs.
Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
Performance of complex motor acts.
Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)
Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)
Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.
The ability to speak, read, or write several languages or many languages with some facility. Bilingualism is the most common form. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.
Individuals enrolled in a school of pharmacy or a formal educational program leading to a degree in pharmacy.
The individual's experience of a sense of fulfillment of a need or want and the quality or state of being satisfied.
Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.
A dental specialty concerned with the histology, physiology, and pathology of the tissues that support, attach, and surround the teeth, and of the treatment and prevention of disease affecting these tissues.
Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to dental school.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
A cognitive process involving the formation of ideas generalized from the knowledge of qualities, aspects, and relations of objects.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the physiology and diseases of the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas).
Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).
A medical discipline that is based on the philosophy that all body systems are interrelated and dependent upon one another for good health. This philosophy, developed in 1874 by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, recognizes the concept of "wellness" and the importance of treating illness within the context of the whole body. Special attention is placed on the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.
Functions, equipment, and facilities concerned with the preparation and distribution of ready-to-eat food.
Use for articles concerning dental education in general.
The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.
Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (COCHLEAR IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the COCHLEAR NERVE in the inner ear to create sound sensation in patients with residual nerve fibers.
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
State in which an individual perceives or experiences a sensation of unreality concerning the self or the environment; it is seen in disorders such as schizophrenia, affection disorders, organic mental disorders, and personality disorders. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
International organizations which provide health-related or other cooperative services.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
An oversimplified perception or conception especially of persons, social groups, etc.
Senior professionals who provide guidance, direction and support to those persons desirous of improvement in academic positions, administrative positions or other career development situations.
Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.
Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
Female parents, human or animal.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.
Selection of a type of occupation or profession.
The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Compensatory plans designed to motivate physicians in relation to patient referral, physician recruitment, and efficient use of the health facility.
A country of eastern Europe, formerly the province of Bosnia in Yugoslavia, uniting with the province of Herzegovina to form the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1946. It was created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia and recognized by the United States as an independent state. Bosnia takes is name from the river Bosna, in turn from the Indoeuropean root bhog, "current"; Herzegovina is from the Serbian herceg (duke) + -ov (the possessive) + -ina (country or territory).
Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.
All organized methods of funding.
The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.
The process by which an aspect of self image is developed based on in-group preference or ethnocentrism and a perception of belonging to a social or cultural group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.

Predicting developmental outcomes at school entry using a multiple-risk model: four American communities. The Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (1/698)

The contributions of different risk factors in predicting children's psychological and academic outcomes at the end of 1st grade were examined. Using a regression model, levels of ecobehavioral risk were assessed in the following order: specific demographics, broad demographics, family psychosocial status, mother's depressive symptoms, and neighborhood quality. Participants were 337 families from 4 American communities. Predictor variables were assessed in kindergarten, and teacher, parent, and child outcomes (behavioral and academic) were assessed at the end of 1st grade. Results indicated that (a) each level of analysis contributed to prediction of most outcomes, (b) 18%-29% of the variance was predicted in outcomes, (c) a common set of predictors predicted numerous outcomes, (d) ethnicity showed little unique prediction, and (e) the quality of the neighborhood showed small but unique prediction to externalizing problems.  (+info)

Further analysis of the separate and interactive effects of methylphenidate and common classroom contingencies. (2/698)

We evaluated separate and interactive effects between common classroom contingencies and methylphenidate (MPH) on disruptive and off-task behaviors for 4 children with a diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Analogue conditions consisting of contingent teacher reprimands, brief time-out, no interaction, and alone were conducted in a multielement design. Medication status (MPH or placebo) was alternated across days in a superordinate multielement design. Results indicate that (a) the behavioral effects of MPH were influenced by one or more of the analogue conditions for each participant, and (b) time-out was associated with zero or near-zero levels of both disruptive and off-task behavior for 3 of the 4 participants during MPH and placebo conditions. Implications for the clinical effectiveness of MPH and possible behavioral mechanisms of action of MPH in applied settings are discussed.  (+info)

Biochemical hypothyroidism secondary to iodine deficiency is associated with poor school achievement and cognition in Bangladeshi children. (3/698)

Iodine deficiency in pregnancy leads to poor cognitive function in the offspring; however, the effect of concurrent iodine deficiency on school-aged children is not clear. Several studies have shown that school children in iodine-deficient villages have poorer cognitive function than children in iodine-sufficient villages. However, villages differ in many factors that may also detrimentally affect children's development. In addition, the children's nutritional and health status has not usually been taken into account. In this study, we compared the cognitive function and school achievement levels of 170 children who had recently had low thyroxine (T4) levels [T4 /=70 nmol/L (euthyroid)]. The children were matched for school and grade level and came from the same iodine-deficient regions in rural Bangladesh. They were given a battery of cognitive, motor and school achievement tests. We also measured their nutritional status, examined their stools for geohelminths and assessed their home environments. A factor analysis of cognitive and motor function tests yielded two factors, a general cognitive factor and a fine motor factor. The children's height and arm circumference, experience of hunger, parental characteristics and stimulation in the home made independent contributions to their test scores. Controlling for these variables, the hypothyroid children performed worse than the euthyroid children on reading and spelling and the general cognitive factor. These findings indicate that a large number of disadvantages including hypothyroidism are related to the poor development of these children.  (+info)

A comparison of language achievement in children with cochlear implants and children using hearing aids. (4/698)

English language achievement of 29 prelingually deaf children with 3 or more years of cochlear implant (CI) experience was compared to the achievement levels of prelingually deaf children who did not have such CI experience. Language achievement was measured by the Rhode Island Test of Language Structure (RITLS), a measure of signed and spoken sentence comprehension, and the Index of Productive Syntax (IPSyn), a measure of expressive (signed and spoken) English grammar. When the CI users were compared with their deaf age mates who contributed to the norms of the RITLS, it was found that CI users achieved significantly better scores. Likewise, we found that CI users performed better than 29 deaf children who used hearing aids (HAs) with respect to English grammar achievement as indexed by the IPSyn. Additionally, we found that chronological age highly correlated with IPSyn levels only among the non-CI users, whereas length of CI experience was significantly correlated with IPSyn scores for CI users. Finally, clear differences between those with and without CI experience were found by 2 years of post-implant experience. These data provide evidence that children who receive CIs benefit in the form of improved English language comprehension and production.  (+info)

Adversity and psychosocial competence of South African children. (5/698)

Black children in South Africa commonly experience low socioeconomic status and community violence. Parents (N = 625) in a longitudinal study of urbanization responded to structured questionnaires related to resilience, affability, maturity, and school readiness of their six-year olds. SES was found to have an inverse and linear relation to competence at age six; the relationship to violence was curvilinear, with children from moderately safe communities achieving better outcomes than those from very safe or very unsafe ones.  (+info)

Contextual factors in substance use: a study of suburban and inner-city adolescents. (6/698)

Objectives in this research were to examine contextual differences in correlates of substance use among high school students. The focus was on two broad categories of adjustment indices: personal psychopathology (internalizing and externalizing problems) and behaviors reflecting social competence (academic achievement, teacher-rated classroom behaviors, and peer acceptance or rejection). Associations between drug use and each of these constructs were examined in two sociodemographically disparate groups: teens from affluent, suburban families (n = 264), and low socioeconomic status adolescents from inner-city settings (n = 224). Results indicated that suburban youth reported significantly higher levels of substance use than inner-city youth. In addition, their substance use was more strongly linked with subjectively perceived maladjustment indices. Comparable negative associations involving grades and teacher-rated behaviors were found in both groups, and among suburban males only, substance use showed robust positive associations with acceptance by peers. Results are discussed in terms of developmental perspectives on adolescent deviance, contextual socializing forces, and implications for preventive interventions and treatment.  (+info)

Truancy and perceived school performance: an alcohol and drug study of UK teenagers. (7/698)

This study is based on a subsample of 15- and 16-year-old school students from the UK, part of the European School Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD). Information was available on truancy rates, perceived school performance, family structure, lifestyle, and usage of alcohol, cigarettes and illicit drugs in 6409 teenagers. Living in a single-parent family, lack of constructive hobbies, presence of psychiatric symptoms, and an aggressive outgoing delinquent lifestyle bore the strongest associations to truancy and to perceived school performance. There were also strong relationships between both these last two variables and use of alcohol, cigarettes, and illicit drugs. However, the effects of alcohol, cigarettes, and illicit drugs were largely accounted for by other variables. Having at least one parent who both supported the respondent and who exercised some control was predictive of better perceived school performance.  (+info)

Intellectual, neuropsychological, and academic functioning in long-term survivors of leukemia. (8/698)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) on children's cognitive functioning. METHOD: Participants were long-term survivors of ALL treated with cranial irradiation and central nervous system (CNS) chemotherapy (n = 20), or CNS chemotherapy only (n = 21), healthy children (n = 21), and children with chronic asthma (n = 21). The groups were compared on measures of intellectual, neuropsychological, and academic functioning. RESULTS: CNS chemotherapy, with and without cranial irradiation, was associated with significantly lower levels of intellectual and academic functioning. Children with chronic asthma obtained lower scores than healthy controls, but these differences were not significant. Tests of neuropsychological functioning did not consistently separate the groups. CONCLUSIONS: CNS chemotherapy and, to a lesser extent, chronic illness both contribute to the poorer performance of long-term survivors of ALL on measures of intellectual and academic functioning.  (+info)

. Academic Therapy Publications publishes materials for learning disabilities and special education, tests, assessments, parent and teacher resources, hi lo readers, and visual perceptual aids.
Infection with severe malaria in African children is associated with not only a high mortality but also a high risk of cognitive deficits. There is evidence that interventions done a few years after the illness are effective but nothing is known about those done immediately after the illness. We designed a study in which children who had suffered from severe malaria three months earlier were enrolled into a cognitive intervention program and assessed for the immediate benefit in cognitive, academic and behavioral outcomes. This parallel group randomised study was carried out in Kampala City, Uganda between February 2008 and October 2010. Sixty-one Ugandan children aged 5 to 12 years with severe malaria were assessed for cognition (using the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, second edition and the Test of Variables of Attention), academic skills (Wide Range Achievement Test, third edition) and psychopathologic behaviour (Child Behaviour Checklist) three months after an episode of severe malaria.
We examine the effect of alcohol exposure in utero on child academic achievement. As well as studying the effect of any alcohol exposure, we investigate the effect of the dose, pattern, and duration of exposure. We use a genetic variant in the maternal alcohol-metabolism gene ADH1B as an instrument for alcohol exposure, whilst controlling for the childs genotype on the same variant. We show that the instrument is unrelated to an extensive range of maternal and paternal characteristics and behaviours. OLS regressions suggest an ambiguous association between alcohol exposure in utero and childrens academic attainment, but there is a strong social gradient in maternal drinking, with mothers in higher socio-economic groups more likely to drink. In stark contrast to the OLS, the IV estimates show negative effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on child educational attainment. These results are very robust to an extensive set of model specifications. In addition, we show that that the effects are ...
skoolboy has explained, much more eloquently than I can, why achievement gaps matter even if the scores of white, African-American, Hispanic, and Asian students are all rising equally: There are a great many social institutions that sort and rank individuals on the basis of test scores and the competencies they represent. Most of these institutions dont have an unlimited number of positions or slots-rather, individuals are competing against one another for access. When these institutions rely on test scores, and there is an achievement gap among racial/ethnic groups on these tests, the lower-scoring group will be underrepresented. Raising everybodys scores...
Is Californias investment in needy students paying off? Few signs indicate achievement gap is closing, By Jessica Calefati, June 22, 2017, KQED: Californias new system for funding public education has pumped tens of billions of extra dollars into struggling schools, but theres little evidence yet that the investment is helping the most disadvantaged students. A CALmatters analysis of the biggest districts with the greatest clusters of needy children found limited success with the policys goal: to close the achievement gap between these students and their more privileged peers. Instead, results in most of those places show the gap is growing ...
Its not how smart students are but how motivated they are and how they study that determines their growth in math achievement. Thats the main finding of a study that looks at six annual waves of data from a German longitudinal study assessing math ability in 3,520 students in grades five to 10. Students who felt competent; were intrinsically motivated; and avoided rote learning showed more growth in math achievement than those who didnt.
books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/An_Investigation_of_Reading_Achievement.html?id=jxlCAAAAYAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareAn Investigation of Reading Achievement as an Affective Determinant in the Perception of Verbal and Non-verbal Symbols ...
The objectives of this study are to measure quality of life, neuropsychological sequelae and parental stress before and after gene therapy for ADA-SCID. The population to be studied will include up to five patients being treated with gene therapy at the NIH Clinical Center and five of their parents. The design of the study will be a non-randomized, longitudinal psychometric evaluation. Neuropsychological outcome measures will be the following battery: Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence - Third Edition (WPPSI-III) or the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Fourth Edition (WISC-IV); the Wide Range Achievement Test - Fourth Edition (WRAT-4); subtests of the NEPSY; The Expressive One Word Picture Vocabulary Test (EOWPVT); Grooved Pegboard; Continuous Performance Test (CPT); Selective Reminding Test; and the Adaptive Behavior Assessment System- Second Edition. Quality of life will be measured with the PedsQL and parental stress will be measured with the Parenting Stress Index ...
Research suggests there are factors that may exacerbate or otherwise serve as a protective factor for the effects being overweight. This study explores the association between BMI and adolescents academic achievement, and the moderating effects of individual-level (e.g., race/ethnicity) and socio-contextual factors (e.g., economic disadvantage) on this association. Furthermore, research suggests that overweight adolescents are at an increased risk of becoming overweight adults. As such, other developmental outcomes may be impacted as adolescents mature into young adulthood. Given this likelihood, the association between BMI and achievement over time was also tested. Findings suggests an overlapping sphere of influence on BMI and adolescents academic achievement, as well as a consistent effect of BMI on achievement as adolescents enter into young adulthood.
To the Editor:. The article Principals Criticized on Teacher-Retention Decisions (Aug. 8, 2012) contains the following statement about results issued in a report by TNTP, formerly The New Teacher Project: Of the teachers studied, the group identified a subset of about 20 percent as irreplaceables because their students made two or three more months worth of academic progress compared [with] those taught with the average teacher in the district. The statement is fundamentally flawed and represents a common misunderstanding fostered by the testing industry, which prefers to report results in months and years of achievement when all they have is the number of items scored as correct on a particular test: the raw score.. We do not know what an achievement test measures. A persons score on a test of general mental ability and the persons score on an achievement test, which is supposed to reflect what a student has learned in school, are almost interchangeable. A person scoring high on one ...
A study finds that the achievement gap between the most and least wealthy students barely budged and scholars met last week to hash out some reasons why.
Lman Scholarship application; the Statement of Purpose Essay and the Follow on Service Project. Genki An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese Answer Key Second Edition (2011, E. The Foundations college scholarship program bases its awards totally on essays written by the applicants, who need not be Mensa members. Nno, Y! Junk Food is Bad For You, but Junk Reading is Good for You (International Journal of Foreign Language Teaching 1,3: 5 12. 05) Stephen Krashen and Joanne Ujiie! Inagawa, K. If you have been dreading to write an essay, you can now get essays written for you by qualified writers. Eda, Y. Joy proficient essay writing and custom writing services provided by professional academic writers. One Scholarship. Ese tips and strategies can help you make a strong impression. Nsideration is not given. One of the nations largest need based college scholarship programs in the country, the Horatio Alger Scholarship Programs. No, C. Dless Opportunities. This page lists full tuition academic ...
There has been much written about the educational challenges facing the United States of America today. These challenges include, but are not limited, to educational inequity, low test scores, teacher competency and training, and achievement gaps. An era of standards-based reform and comprehensive school reform evolved as a reaction to these challenges. There is also an increase in assessment and accountability of student progress as a part of these educational reform measures. Key elements to school reform include effectively utilizing and collecting data. This includes using data to monitor student achievement and hold districts, schools, and educators accountable for student progress. This also includes making the teacher an integral part of the reform process.; The purpose of this study is to evaluate the design, implementation, and adequacy of data usage to improve student academic achievement in three cases at the district, school, and elementary classroom levels. Three research questions ...
We also investigate differences among students based on their race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status, and find more similarities than differences. This suggests that changes to start times will affect all students rather than just certain demographic groups. We also look at whether start times have a transitory or permanent effect on academic achievement and find that the short-term and long-term effects of later start times are similar to one another. In the long run, the effect is larger for adolescents than for younger students in both subjects, although the difference is not statistically significant in reading. The bottom line is that changes to start times improve math and reading achievement within a year of the change in sunlight exposure for adolescents, and the effects largely persist over time.. Showing up ready-or just showing up?. There are (at least) two reasons why school start times might affect academic achievement. First, later start times relative to sunrise may make it ...
PubMed journal article Lifestyle intervention for improving school achievement in overweight or obese children and adolescent were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
Background: Scholars and policymakers have criticized public education in developed countries for perpetuating health and income disparities. Several studies have examined the ties between green space and academic performance, hypothesizing that green space can foster performance, and, over time, help reduce such disparities. Although numerous reviews have analyzed the link between nature and child health, none have focused on academic achievement. Methods: We identified 13 peer-reviewed articles that examined associations between academic outcomes, types of green spaces, and distances in which green spaces were measured around schools. Results: Of the 122 findings reported in the 13 articles, 64% were non-significant, 8% were significant and negative, and 28% were significant and positive. Positive findings were limited to greenness, tree cover, and green land cover at distances up to 2000 m around schools. End-of-semester grades and college preparatory exams showed greater shares of positive
Studies in the US have found that both exposure to environmental toxins and childrens general health status negatively impact childrens academic achievement. This thesis will be made of up two papers. The first examines the impact of exposure to residential air toxins from a variety of sources on students academic achievement and the second paper incorporates a measure of childrens general health status into the statistical model from the first paper. This thesis employs National Air Toxics Assessment (NATA) risk estimates from a variety of sources and individual-level data collected through a mail survey of fourth and fifth grade school children in El Paso (Texas, USA). Results indicate that both higher levels of residential air toxins are statistically significantly associated with lower grade point averages, even when controlling for caretaker-reported general health status, meaning that there is an independent effect of air pollution on childrens academic achievement outcomes that cannot be
The academic achievement, of children and young people is an issue that concerns governments in many countries. In Nigeria, students performance on standardised examinations has been troublingly low, especially among those from the north of the country. Previous studies on students achievement have focused on inadequate funding, infrastructural decay, parental background factors and pedagogical issues. However, this study considers the psychological aspects of attainment, looking at the relationships between self-concept, locus of control, school motivation, academic achievement and other contextual factors (such as gender) that are likely to have an impact on students performance in school. The aim is to identify some of the factors contributing to low performance in order to generate empirical evidence to inform policy and practice. The study adopts a cross sectional research design with a sequential mixed method approach to data collection and analysis. Standardised questionnaires are used ...
Arts Corps is not just about arts education. As it turns out, our work increasingly sits at the heart of a major tension in education-namely, a profound disagreement about what it will take to achieve equity in education.. Today we hear a lot of talk about the achievement gap. The achievement gap generally refers to the lower academic performance of youth of color and youth from low-income communities as compared to their middle income and white peers on standardized high stakes tests in math and reading. This disparity is real, and most definitely points to a grave concern about equity in education.. It is ironic, however, that the policy efforts that seek to address this achievement gap with a targeted focus on test score improvement, such as those that have dominated education reform efforts for the past 40 years and encoded in federal and local education policy, often manage to increase inequality in education.. Let me give you an example. I have a five-year-old son who is excited, and a ...
Meta-analysis techniques for integrating research findings are utilized in this report to determine the magnitude of the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and academic achievement. Also investigated are the factors which contribute to the large amount of variance in previously reported correlations between these two variables. Over 100 studies yielding 636 correlation coefficients are included in the meta-analysis. Findings indicate that the relationship between SES and academic achievement is probably much weaker than many people have assumed. Findings also indicate that the variance in reported correlations between SES and academic achievement are due to the fact that most of the significant variables which influence the strength of the correlation are directly under the researchers control. Recommendations concerning the most appropriate way of using measures of SES in future research applications are made. (Author/EB)
BACKGROUND: Although studies in neonatal animals show that anesthetics have neurotoxic effects, relevant human evidence is limited. We examined whether children who had surgery during infancy showed deficits in academic achievement.. METHODS: We attempted to contact parents of 577 children who, during infancy, had one of three operations typically performed in otherwise healthy children. We compared scores on academic achievement tests with population norms.. RESULTS: Composite scores were available for 287 patients. The mean normal curve equivalent score was 43.0 ± 22.4 (mean ± SD), lower than the expected normative value of 50, P , 0.0001 by one-sample Student t test; and 35 (12%) had scores below the 5th percentile, more than expected, P , 0.00001 by binomial test. Of 133 patients who consented to participate so that their scores could be examined in relation to their medical records, the mean score was 45.9 ± 22.9, P = 0.0411; and 15 (11%) scored below the 5th percentile, P = 0.0039. Of ...
OBJECTIVE-To examine academic achievement in children with diabetes and to identify predictors of achievement.. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-Participants were 244 children, ages 8-18 years, with type 1 diabetes. Measures included school-administered standardized achievement tests (Iowa Tests of Basic Skills and Iowa Tests of Educational Development [ITBS/ITED]), grade point averages (GPAs), school absences, behavioral assessment, age at disease onset, hospitalizations, and HbA1c. Statistical differences between subgroups of children were evaluated using t test and ANOVA, statistically controlling for socioeconomic status. Regression analyses were carried out to examine predictors of academic performance.. RESULTS-Reading scores and GPA were lower for children with poor metabolic control than for children with average control. Children with hospitalizations for hyperglycemia had lower overall achievement scores than children with better metabolic control and fewer hospitalizations for ...
Forms 3 and 4; Subtests - (a) Reading, (b) Arithmetic Computation, (c) Arithmetic Reasoning, (d) Language Usage, (e) Spelling (Sentence Dictation)(f) Grammar, (g) History, (h) Geography, (i) Nature Study, (j) Health ...
Education inequity is a persistent reality of American culture. As early as kindergarten, there are marked differences in academic performance between racial minority students and their peers. These differences are sustained as students progress through school.. One aspect of students social experience that may help to explain the gap is school climate. A positive school climate has been associated with higher levels of school achievement. Thus, differences in how students of different races experience various aspects of school climate may help explain group differences in achievement.. Recent research studies, conducted by WestEds Health & Justice Program staff and summarized in this report, examined connections between student race, achievement, and school climate in California schools.. The collective findings of these studies support the notion that, just as there is a racial achievement gap, there is a racial school-climate gap in California schools. ...
|p| Purpose. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of family environmental factors on student athletes featuring different levels of sports accomplishment: 1) a low level - no significant achievements (|italic|N |/italic|= 46), 2) a medium level - significant achievements at a regional level (|italic|N |/italic|= 86) and 3) a high level - significant achievements at national and/or international level (|italic|N |/italic|= 33). Methods. The participants were administered a demographic survey and the Athletes Family Environment Questionnaire (AFEQ). Results. One-way ANOVA found that the high achievers families differ from the medium- and low-level achievers in five (out of nine) of the studied family environment factors: children as an important value in family life, sport as an important value in family life, parents involvement in their childs sports career, the overall genetic-environmental conditioning of their childs talent and passion for sports, as well as
The results of structural equation modeling revealed a close model fit for the hypothesized model, which indicates that higher levels of self-determination were positively associated with habituated exercise behavior. In turn, exercise habit strength fostered academic achievement and buffered the debilitative effect of stress, depression, and anxiety on student academic performance. The analysis of model invariance revealed a nonsignificant difference between male and female subjects. ...
The school responds well to Māori and other children whose learning and achievement need acceleration.. Overall, the achievement data at the end of 2016 is lower than national expectations for reading, writing and mathematics. In response, teachers are currently involved in targeted professional learning (PLD) to raise student achievement in mathematics and writing. This PLD is increasing teachers understanding and use of current best practices.. School achievement data shows little disparity for Māori and Pacific children. The school has identified an increasing number of five-year old children arriving with significant oral language needs, which then impact on their progress in reading and writing. Well-planned and researched learning programmes are being used to address this. Student achievement information shows that by Year 4 many of these children have caught up with learning expectations.. Children who need additional learning support to succeed in their learning are identified early. ...
The clear associations between fitness and academic achievement highlighted in the report underline the importance of educating the whole child, said Santiago Taveras, Deputy Chancellor I.A. of the DOEs Office of Teaching and Learning. Under Mayor Bloomberg, the Health Department and the Department of Education have formed a unique partnership to address critical issues in the areas of public health and public education, said Dr. Roger Platt, director of the Office of School Health, which is jointly run by the two agencies. This dual-agency collaboration is a model for how a comprehensive approach to student wellness can help support both student health and academic achievement. Our students need high-quality fitness and health education in order to succeed in school and in life, said Lori Rose Benson, director of Department of Educations Office of Fitness and Health Education. The results of this study reinforce the importance of the work that teachers and administrators throughout ...
Running head: INTERNET USE, ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT, AND WELL-BEING Adolescents Internet Use: Academic Achievement and Well-being Eir Arnbjarnardóttir 2015 BSc in Psychology Author: Eir Arnbjarnardóttir ID
Members of Princetons class of 2009 gathered on Cannon Green Monday, June 1, to celebrate the conclusion of their undergraduate careers in a Class Day ceremony honoring their service and accomplishments.
Taipei, Aug. 10 (CNA) Former Japanese Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori, who led an inter-party delegation of parliamentarians to Taiwan to pay tribute to late Taiwanese President Lee Teng-hui (李登輝) Sunday, expressed his gratitude and admiration for Lees contribution to the development of the Taiwan-Japan relationship.
Low-income children tend to do poorly on academic achievement tests, the centerpiece of the No Child Left Behind Act. A pilot study from Childrens Hospital Bos
Education research over the last 50 years has found a significant relationship between academic achievement and kindergarten entrance age, with kindergarten students who enter school at the earliest ages tending to have lower academic achievement than their counterparts. Other studies have found that student achievement depends on factors such as class attendance rates and socioeconomic factors. Indeed, one issue consistently identified in education research as having a strong correlation to student achievement is student attendance, which makes intuitive sense because students must be present and engaged in school to learn. National research confirms that not only do attendance rates negatively impact student learning in the affected school year, but that students who are chronically absent as early as kindergarten have lower achievement in later grades as well. Since there can be a wide age span for students entering kindergarten, there is reason to also examine the relationship between kindergarten
During those dozen years, metro districts added about 300 minority teachers, barely moving the percentage of people of color leading classrooms in the Twin Cities. In the metro area, 94 percent of teachers are white. Charter schools do better diversifying their teaching staffs, but the schools have seen a decline in minority teachers and students as the number of charters has increased. In 2012, 11 percent of teachers in metro charter schools were minorities and 57 percent of the students were races other than white. Thats a decline from 2001, when 20 percent of teachers and 65 percent of students in metro charter schools were minorities. Minnesota is not alone in the struggle to bring diversity to the teaching ranks. A federal survey from 2008, the latest data available, found that nationwide, just 17 percent of educators were minorities while 40 percent of the countrys students were children of color. Every state in the nation has a diversity gap between the percentage of minority students ...
Results Longer gestation from 23 to 45 weeks was associated with lower risk of poor literacy and numeracy. Adjusted relative risks for being at or below national minimum standard ranged from 1.12 (95% CI 1.03 to 1.22) for late preterm (32-36 weeks) for numeracy, to 1.84 (95% CI 1.48 to 2.30) for early preterm (23-31 weeks) for writing. Within term, every additional week of gestational age was associated with small decreased risks of poor literacy and numeracy (eg, relative risks for poor numeracy 1.10, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.20 for 37 weeks). Population-attributable fractions for poor achievement were highest among children born early term (37-39 weeks) due to their higher population prevalence. ...
Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Child Files, we found that parental report on 12 characteristics of two-year old children can be compiled into a summary index that is predictive of early academic achievement. With further validation, this index could be used in clinical practices as a tool to assess risk for early school failure among preschool children and to assist clinicians in determining the scope and depth of needed preventive care services. This is the first step in a research program whose overarching goal is to assist clinicians in tailoring pediatric preventive care to individual child needs.. The next step in this research program is to test the validity, feasibility and utility of this risk index in a pediatric ambulatory care setting. The instruments predictive ability is only useful if it can feasibly be administered both effectively and efficiently. To date, we have successfully field-tested an expanded and modified version of this instrument in a ...
In Ontario, schools have raised their test scores and graduation rates by providing resources such as full-time student success teachers, who help English-language learners and other students in need.
For Immediate Release CONTACT: Beth Kaplan Wheelock College [email protected] Office: 617-879-2250 Cell: 774-270-6976 East Granby Resident Receives Recognition for Academic Achievement from Wheelock College Boston, MA (July 23, 2015) - Abigail Martin, an East Granby resident, was recently recognized for excellent academic performance this past semester at Wheelock College and placed on the Dean's List. She joins Wheelock College's growing student body on the Dean's List, a universal acknowledgement within the academic arena as a symbol of high achievement. A student is eligible when he or she earns a minimum semester grade-point average of 3.8 (on a 4.0 scale); successfully ...
The Dana Foundation granted funding for further expansion of The CityDance Institute for Dance Education which provides training to dance education professionals teaching the CityDance Early Arts program. Early Arts is an outreach education program that serves more than 25,000 children in the metro DC area each year. The Institute instructs dance teachers in classroom management, dance education pedagogy, offers advanced-level skills for managing specific behavioral and classroom environment issues, teaches how to work with school administrators, how to develop effective lesson plans and educates them on the impact of the arts on academic achievement. In addition, the program trains the teachers on the specific policies and guidelines for CityDance Early Arts Instructors as well as the individual curriculums developed for each Early Arts after-school program. The proposed expanded program includes on-site assessments and training and genre-specific and topic-specific workshops for a total of 64 ...
Bellevue College junior and future vascular sonographer, Ashley Whitman, was one of four nation-wide recipients awarded an Anne Jones Scholarship. The Anne Jones Scholarship Fund of the Society of Vascular Ultrasound grants one $2,500 and three $1,000 annual educational scholarships for eligible students currently enrolled in an accredited dedicated vascular ultrasound technology program which offers an associate or bachelors degree in the profession. It was established in 2005 to honor the many contributions of Anne Jones, RN, BSN RVT RDMS FSVU former SVU President (1985-1986); former Chair of SVUs Government Relations (now Advocacy) Committee. Ashley was selected based on academic achievement, college and community service, financial need, as well as extraordinary enthusiasm and commitment in pursuit of her vascular ultrasound career. Ashley was awarded a $1,000 scholarship.. ...
Scholarship for undergraduate students attending Hofstra University enrolled in the Frank G. Zarb School of Business. Selection based on academic achievement and financial need. Students must file the FAFSA. Deadlines and award amounts may vary. Renewable.. ...
Scholarship for undergraduate students attending California Polytechnic State University. Selection based on academic achievement (minimum 3.5 GPA) and financial need. It is recommended that applicants file the FAFSA as most awards are need based. Number of awards and award amount may vary. Nonrenewable.. ...
Our data provide evidence that physical activity and obesity mediate the association between childhood motor function and adolescents academic achievement. Compromised motor function in childhood may serve as a significant underlying factor for the effects of obesity and physical inactivity on academic underachievement, which has recently attracted attention as a growing global education and public health concern (4). Poor motor activity in the early school years can contribute to setting the child on a negative developmental trajectory.. There is a growing body of literature demonstrating that lifestyle factors such as excess sedentary behavior and an unhealthy diet may compromise childrens cognitive and academic performance (4, 5). Our results partly support previous findings indicating that overweight and obesity (19, 20), especially overconsumption of energy (11, 21) and excess body fat content (22), are adversely linked to cognitive and academic performance in children and youths. On the ...
THE ACHIEVEMENT GAP: THE IMPACT OF INCREASED ENGAGEMENT By CINDY KING Bachelor of Arts/Psychology Texas Tech University Lubbock, Texas 1994 Master of Science/ Psychology University of Central Texas Killeen, Texas 1999 Submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate College of the Oklahoma State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May, 2012 ii THE ACHIEVEMENT GAP: THE IMPACT OF INCREASED ENGAGEMENT Dissertation Approved: Terry Stinnett, Ph.D. Dissertation Adviser Gary Duhon, Ph.D. Brian Poncy, Ph.D. Robert Davis, Ph.D. Outside Committee Member Dr. Sheryl A. Tucker Dean of the Graduate College iii TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter Page I. INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................1 II. REVIEW OF LITERATURE....................................................................................3 Genetic Model ...
White students in Connecticut are about four times more likely to earn advanced scores on academic achievement tests than minorities, according to a new
Academic achievement in adolescents is correlated with 1-carbon metabolism (1-CM), as folate intake is positively related and total plasma homocysteine (tHcy) negatively related to academic success. Because another 1-CM nutrient, choline is essential for fetal neurocognitive development, we hypothesized that choline and betaine could also be positively related to academic achievement in adolescents. In a sample of 15-yr-old children (n = 324), we measured plasma concentrations of homocysteine, choline, and betaine and genotyped them for 2 polymorphisms with effects on 1-CM, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C,T, rs1801133, and phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PEMT), rs12325817 (G,C). The sum of school grades in 17 major subjects was used as an outcome measure for academic achievement. Lifestyle and family socioeconomic status (SES) data were obtained from questionnaires. Plasma choline was significantly and positively associated with academic achievement independent of ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! In this paper the controversial educational topic of class size reduction is addressed. Controlling for a large number of observable characteristics and potential endogeneity in the class size variable, an educational production function is estimated using a quantile regression technique. The conventional wisdom that class size reduction is a viable means to increase scholastic achievement is discounted. Rather, the results point towards a far stronger peer effect through which class size reduction may play an important role. Due to heterogeneity in the newly identified peer effect, class size reduction is shown to be a potentially regressive policy measure.
This paper reports on the childs perception of parental involvement and the effect it has on grades in mathematics, science, social studies, and language arts. The study specifically involved the relationship between the value the children perceive the parents place on education and the value the children themselves place on education, the relationship between the childs perception of parents helping the child with homework in the elementary and middle school years and the amount of time the child spends on homework in high school, and the relationship between the childrens perception of expectations the parents have for him/her and the expectations the children place on themselves. Questionnaires were given to 102 9th graders. The data was analyzed using correlation analyses and a one way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Implications for parents and educators are also noted ...
The Anatomy of Achievement Gaps offers a critical analysis of underachievement problems in American education from interdisciplinary, international, and systems perspectives.
The aim of this study was to identify the specific cognitive, motivational and behavioural predictors of two measures of university students academic achievement (grade point average and student efficacy status), after controlling for dispositional variables and student adjustment at the beginning of college. A representative sample of 250 undergraduate students was followed over a period of 3 years. Hierarchical regression analysis and logistic regression analysis were conducted to check the contribution of the included variables. The hypothesized significant role of cognitive, behavioural and motivational factors in students academic achievement has been confirmed, with the automatic thoughts related to the fear of disappointing parents and time and study environment management skills as the most pronounced predictors for both criteria. Outcome expectation is a significant predictor of the students efficacy status only, while action control beliefs and goal orientations (performance and ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! We examine birth order effects on academic achievement for ten-year-old students using data for the entire population of fifth graders in Norway 2007/2008. The analysis thus adds to a thin empirical literature focusing on birth order effects among young children. We find that being firstborn confers a significant advantage in families with two, three and four children. The analysis makes two other contributions. First, we provide evidence that unless mothers age at childbirth is included among the control variables, only small and imprecise birth order effects are revealed in families with low socioeconomic status. Second, we provide some evidence that the birth order effects differ across families with highly educated and less educated mothers, which lend support to the resource dilution model over the confluence model.
Age and sex differences were tested with structural equation modeling (SEM). The results support a reciprocal effects model, indicating that academic achievement has an effect on academic self-concept (skill development model) and that academic self-concept has an effect on academic achievement (self-enhancement model). Significantly different relationships were found for boys and girls, suggesting a reciprocal effects model for boys and a skill development model for girls. The discussion centers on methodological and theoretical issues. Practical implications are discussed briefly ...
This study examined abstract reasoning ability as a predictor of success in high school algebra controlling for age, motivation, and previous math achievement. A valid and reliable instrument, the Abstract Reasoning Assessment (ARA), a matrix completion instrument based upon a protocol by Embretson (1998), was developed for the study. Motivation was measured using the Personal Achievement Goal Orientations scale (Midgeley, 2000). Previous math achievement was measured using the course grade from the previous years math course. Success in algebra was measured by the final exam grade from a first year high school algebra course. 220 ninth grade students took part in the study. A multiple regression analysis found that abstract reasoning ability explained a significant proportion of the variance in high school algebra performance beyond that explained by previous math achievement, motivation and age. Further, based on effect size, abstract reasoning was a better predictor than previous math ...
This studys aim was to investigate whether self-determined behaviour and achievement motivation impact learners academic performance. Convenient geographic sampling was used to select three pnmary schools in Soshanguve. A likert type questionnaire was used to collect data from 120 learners. Item analyses were preformed to investigate the reliability of subscales. Three hypotheses were tested using analysis of variance and Pearson product moment correlations. The first, which predicted that intrinsic motivation is positively related to academic achievement, was not supported. Both intrinsically and extrinsically motivated learners achieved better in academic tasks than amotivated learners. The second, which predicted a negative correlation between extrinsic motivation extrinsic motivation and academic performance, was also not supported. The third, which predicted that there is a negative correlation between amotivation and academic performance, was confirmed. General conclusions, ...
Good Time Management and Motivation Level Predict Student Academic Success in College On-Line Courses: 10.4018/ijcbpl.2014070104: Student academic success in college on-line courses was examined in relation to motivation, time-management and organzation. Participants included 40 students
Abstract: In education, the government has raised the bar related to expectations placed upon school districts to ensure that school letter grades are high, schools meet growth measures, and proficiency increases. While the bar is heightened, so is the student achievement gap between white students and students of color. Currently, there is not an existing policy, program, or practice that has resulted in the achievement gap closing. Therefore, instead of looking for external solutions, school leaders must look within their school buildings to identify what perceptions, biases, attitudes, and beliefs educators bring with them into the school that influence the work they do with students, especially those within marginalized populations. Deficit thinking is the practice of holding lower expectations for students with demographic, linguistic, and socioeconomic characteristics that do not align with the American dream, also known as the American way. Deficit thinking asserts that the low academic ...
Clinicians looking to obtain an accurate overview of an individuals academic skills can now welcome a new assessment to their toolkit the Academic Achievement Battery (AAB ) by Melissa A.
In this study, the schema-theoretic perspective of understanding general discourse was extended to include graph comprehension. Fourth graders (n = 204) and seventh graders (n = 185) were given a prior-knowledge inventory, a graph test, and the SRA Reading and Mathematics Achievement Tests during four testing sessions. The unique predictors of graph comprehension for Grade 4 included reading achievement, mathematics achievement, and prior knowledge of the topic, mathematical content, and form of the graph. The unique predictors for Grade 7 were the same except that prior knowledge of topic and graphical form were not included. The results suggest that children should be involved in graphing activities to build and expand relevant schemata needed for comprehension,. ...
Sixty-five children born to women who all abused amphetamine during pregnancy have been followed prospectively since their birth in 1976-77. At the age of 14-15 years, information about growth and school achievement was collected from school records. For comparison of school achievements the means of schoolmates were used, and for growth a group of Stockholm children born in the same year. By the age of 14 years only 14 children (22%) had stayed with their biological mothers for the whole period since birth. In the eighth grade, 10 (15%) were one grade lower than indicated by their biological age. The norm for Sweden is less than 5%. The means of the points in mathematics, Swedish language and sports were statistically below those of their classmates. At the age of 10 years the girls were significantly shorter and lighter than their peers born in 1976. At the age of 14 years the boys were statistically taller and heavier than their peers. It can be concluded that maternal amphetamine abuse ...
School leaders and trustees use student achievement information well to set priorities for improving student outcomes. They have further refined these processes over the past two years. They collect and use a range of achievement information to inform strategic goals, programme development and initiatives to improve engagement and achievement of groups of students across the school.. Since 2012 there have been steady improvements in National Certificates of Education Achievement (NCEA) results, particularly at Levels 2 and 3 and for University Entrance, where achievement has mostly been well above schools of similar type. Boys achievement at all NCEA levels has improved to be well above their peers from similar types of schools.. NCEA Level 1 rates of achievement, while above those of similar schools, have declined during that time. Leaders identify the need to use a range of more effective strategies, programmes and interventions to reverse this trend.. Measures to increase percentages of NCEA ...
Determining a childs best daily balance of sleep, activity and relaxation can be a challenge, but if youre hoping to improve their academic results, then its time to cut back on chores and chill time, according to new research from the University of South Australia.
A new study indicates that playing video games for a limited amount of time each week may provide benefits to children, but too much can be detrimental. The findings are published in the Annals of Neurology.. Theres much debate over the potential benefits and risks of video gaming in children and teens. To provide some clarity, Jesus Pujol, MD, of the Hospital del Mar in Spain, and his colleagues investigated the relationship between weekly video game use and certain cognitive abilities and conduct-related problems.. In their study of 2442 children aged 7 to 11 years, the researchers found that playing video games for one hour per week was associated with better motor skills and higher school achievement scores, but no further benefits were observed in children playing more than two hours each week.. The team also found that weekly time spent gaming was steadily linked with conduct problems, peer conflicts, and reduced social abilities, with such negative effects being especially prominent in ...
Apollo Hospitals Dhaka is the only JCI Accredited 425-bed multi-disciplinary super-specialty tertiary care hospital in Bangladesh.
Kindergarten- Grade 2 materials for the Core Knowledge Language Arts (CKLA) program have already been developed and piloted in New York City schools and schools in six other states. Pilot data show CKLA students made statistically significant greater gains in reading achievement, compared to control students using other approaches (balanced literacy and Reading First programs).. Funding is needed to develop and field test CKLA materials for later elementary grades, with immediate focus on completing materials for Grade 3 and preschool. The program consists of two parts: (1) a superior decoding and encoding phonics-based program, and (2) a carefully planned sequence of engaging texts, initially presented orally, designed to impart the knowledge and vocabulary most critical to comprehension and the narrowing of achievement gaps. Relevant background knowledge increases fluency, broadens vocabulary, and enables deeper comprehension. CKLA embeds the teaching of content within the language arts block, ...
Kindergarten readiness refers to the developmental domains that contribute to childrens ability to adapt to the kindergarten classroom, which is often a new and unfamiliar environment. There is no single agreed upon definition of Kindergarten readiness. The domains often included in the definition include, academic skills (e.g., early literacy and mathematics understanding, etc.), social-emotional development (e.g., self-regulation, prosocial behaviour, etc.), and physical development (e.g., motor development, sensory development, etc.). In addition to these competencies, the childs environment and opportunities for learning should also be considered. This includes the childs home environment and their interactions with teachers and peers. When assessing childrens readiness for kindergarten, much of the discussion is focused on the emergence of basic academic skills, including reading, writing, and arithmetic, which are commonly referred to as the three Rs (United States Department of ...
By Stephanie Liou. Greg Walton, assistant professor of psychology (Photo by Linda A. Cicero / Stanford News Service). Like a gnawing stomach or pesky runny nose, a looming stereotype can make it difficult to focus and perform well in school. Based on existing research, black students, Latinos, and women in math and science are known to perform poorly when a mistake could seem to confirm a negative stereotype about their group.. A new study by Stanford psychologists has found that negative stereotypes can also prevent minority students from learning new academic material. But alleviating concerns about stereotypes dramatically improves black students learning.. The idea that a persons work might suffer if he or she believes a poor performance will reinforce a negative stereotype about that persons group is known as stereotype threat. Studies have shown that stereotype threat is a likely cause of educational achievement gaps.. What hadnt been done was to see whether the same stereotype ...
Kwe aq pjilasi, I am Vice Principal - Aboriginal Education for Surrey School district in BC, Canada. (Formerly a coordinator of Library and Information Services for SD38) I teach a Library Administration course and an Aboriginal Issues course for UBC and have a Masters in Educational Technology and Learning Design. I am also proud to claim my Mikmaq heritage. Welalioq for visiting ...
The aim of the study is to investigate the effects of formative assessment on prospective teachers academic achievement, attitudes towards educational measurement and self-regulation skills. In the study, quasi-experimental design including non-equivalent pre-test and post-test control group. There are 40 prospective teachers in each one of the experimental and control group which implemented in the scope of measurement and evaluation course in education faculty. Formative assessment was implemented within the 14-weeks in the experimental group, and summative assessment practices were done in the control group. According to the research results, it is determined that academic achievements of prospective teachers in the experimental group have differentiated significantly to academic achievements of prospective achievement in the control group. There is no statistically significant difference between prospective students attitudes towards measurement and self-regulation in the
McGill one of eight Canadian universities to receive funding from HSBC. By McGill Reporter staff. Mia Morisset, a BCom student at the Desautels Faculty of Management, has been named as a recipient of an HSBC Women in Business Leadership Award - a new, $20,000 scholarship established at Desautels and designed to encourage emerging female Canadian business leaders.. The initiative serves as a reminder that women remain surprisingly underrepresented in the top ranks of the Canadian corporate world. In 2010, women made up 47.3 per cent of the Canadian workforce, but held only 17.7 per cent of senior officer positions at Financial Post 500 companies, according to a survey by Catalyst, a non-profit organization that conducts research on women at work. More than 30 per cent of companies in the study had no women senior officers.. The HSBC Awards will be granted to four female students at Desautels over a five-year period beginning in the current academic year. Selection is based on academic achievement ...
A new study shows that successful implementation of preschool-to-third-grade programs yields benefits in increasing school readiness, improving attendance, and strengthening parental involvement in school education-strategies that can close the achievement gap for children at risk.. Scaling and sustaining effective early childhood programs through school-family-university collaboration was published in the September/October 2017 issue of Child Development by Arthur Reynolds, professor of child development, and colleagues in the Human Capital Research Collaborative (HCRC).. The Child-Parent Center Preschool to Third Grade program (CPC P-3) is a collaborative school reform model designed to improve school achievement and family engagement from ages three to nine. The program provides small classes, intensive learning experiences, menu-based parent involvement, and professional development in co-located sites. In the study, investigators evaluated evidence from two longitudinal studies, the ...
Promotion to the medical portion of the curriculum is based not only on academic achievement, but also on the fitness of the student to enter the profession of medicine. Students may transfer into Rensselaers regular four-year undergraduate program at any time during the premedical portion of the biomedical program. The three years of Rensselaer study include a sound basis in the physical sciences, an introduction to the major concepts and principles of biology and biological research, and ample opportunity to become acquainted with the humanities and social sciences. Students in the biomedical program will take 24 courses at Rensselaer over the three years. During the third summer (the transition between Rensselaer and Albany Medical College), students continue with research projects begun while at Rensselaer. These research projects will be completed during the fourth summer while at Albany Medical College. Students should plan on spending eight weeks of full time study during the summers. ...
The National Potato Council Graduate Student Scholarship is open to graduate students working to improve the future of the U.S. potato industry. Selection is based on academic achievement, leaders...
Annual award for undergraduate or graduate students enrolled at Ohio State University who are pursuing studies leading to a career in the Ohio vegetable industry. Selection based on academic achievements, potential and career goals. Due date, number of award and award amount may vary. Contact the Ohio State University office of Development for the College of Food Agricultural and Environmental Sciences for more information ...
Some of what kids are dealing with is beyond what schools can affect, she says. We need to find ways that schools can beat their demographic odds.. McDermotts research highlights a fascinating and tragic irony. In many cases, demographic divisions and inequalities in our public schools have become more deeply entrenched-and in some places even institutionalized-precisely because government officials were trying to equalize expectations and improve student achievement.. In a 2012 book chapter titled Interstate Governance of Standards and Testing, McDermott explains that national education standards became law in the 1980s with the expectation that common benchmarks for students would result in streamlined professional development materials for teachers. If teachers around the country used similar lessons and had consistent goals, the assumption was that students from every demographic group in every part of the country would have the same shot at meeting the national standards.. In practice, ...
There are a certain group of gamers who love to see whenever a games achievements end up being revealed, especially this early. Assassins Creed Revelations achievements have been revealed on Xbox360Achievements and you can see them here. Of course looking at these achievements can always result in spoiling something so read them at your own risk.. Also if you take a look at them, you will notice that there are a few multiplayer achievements to go along with the title, as well as story specific ones and collectibles which Assassins Creed has been known for. Plus it appears a few achievements have been recycled from Brotherhood, such as raising a trainee up to a master assassin. What do you think of these achievements? Related Articles for this post below ...
Michael Strouse is General Manager and Director of Retail at The Scholastic Store in New York City. With almost 20 years as a childrens retailer, including 13 at Scholastic, Michael has his finger on the pulse of the kids book and toy industry. He blogs on books and parenting at On Our Minds at Scholastic and recounts his own parenting experiences at Two Dads, One Family. Michael has been featured as a speaker on Raising a Reader at the New York Baby Show and was featured as a guest storyteller at the Tribeca Family Festival, in New York Citys Bryant Park and many other special events in the NY/NJ area.. Michael lives with his husband and two kids in NJ, just outside of New York City. ...
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Animation has been regarded as a powerful method to deliver instruction because of its ability to gain attention and present motion. However, studies that investigate the effectiveness of animation have shown inconsistent results. This meta-analytic study examines the effects of animation in facilitating student achievement across various contents in different educational levels. In this assessment, 26 quality studies that involve 3575 subjects are selected and examined according to the criteria for inclusion which focused on experimental studies where the control was static visualization and the treatment effect was animation. The procedure of this meta-analytic assessment and latest progress will be reported and the potential implications for further research, design and application on instructional animation will be discussed. This proposed presentation will be beneficial to educational researchers, instructional designers, k-12 teachers and college instructors and policy makers.. ...
New America Media is a nationwide association of over 700 ethnic media organizations representing the development of a more inclusive journalism. Founded in 1996 by Pacific News Service, New America Media promotes ethnic media by strengthening the editorial and economic viability of this increasingly influential segment of Americas communications industry.
Eventbrite - NZSTA presents NZSTA Student Achievement Wellington - Thursday, 20 May 2021 at St Andrews on The Terrace - Conference Rooms 1 & 2, Wellington, Wellington. Find event and ticket information.
When and What to Cite Style Variations Harvard Style (Name-Year System) Vancouver Style (Citation-Sequence System) Citation-Name System When and What to Cite Academic writing synthesizes original work with the work of others. To avoid plagiarism, give credit for anything taken from another source. Cite information or data that is not common knowledge, someone elses research,
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute - The FPG Child Development Institute is one of the nation`s oldest multidisciplinary institutes for the study of young children and their families. Research and education activities focus on child development and health, especially factors that may put children at risk for developmental problems.
As standards and accountability have become an increasingly prominent feature of the educational landscape, educators have relied more on remedial programs such as summer school and grade retention to help low-achieving students meet minimum academic standards. Yet the evidence on the effectiveness of such programs is mixed, and prior research suffers from selection bias. However, recent school reform efforts in Chicago provide an opportunity to examine the causal impact of these remedial education programs. In 1996, the Chicago Public Schools instituted an accountability policy that tied summer school and promotional decisions to performance on standardized tests, which resulted in a highly non-linear relationship between current achievement and the probability of attending summer school or being retained. Using a regression discontinuity design, we find that the net effect of these programs was to substantially increase academic achievement among third graders, but not sixth graders. In ...
Aim. Recent reports suggest that delayed school entry (DSE) may be beneficial for children with developmental delays. However, studies of the effects of DSE are inconclusive. This study investigated the effects of DSE versus age-appropriate entry (ASE) on childrens academic achievement and attention in middle childhood. Method. 999 children (492 females, 507 males; 472 born preterm) were studied as part of a prospective population-based longitudinal study in Germany. Using a natural experimental design, propensity score matching was applied to create two matched groups who differed only in terms of DSE vs. ASE. Teacher ratings of achievement in mathematics, reading, writing, and attention were obtained in Year 1, and standardized tests were administered at age 8 years. Results. There was no evidence of a difference in the odds of DSE vs. ASE children being rated as above average by teachers in Year 1. In contrast, DSE childrens standardised mean test scores were lower than ASE childrens mean ...
2016: She received a BMI Awards and a Special Citation of Achievement. 2018: She was named The Top Female Artist of All Time in ... She was honored with the Ivor Novello International Achievement award, and in the months following her death, she was named " ... 1997: She received the Ivor Novello Award for International Achievement, at London's Grosvenor House. 2008: She received a ... Omiunu, Gamelial (9 January 2020). "Achievement". USA News Court. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 ...
p. 4. Jackson, W Eric (1965). Achievement. A Short History of the London County Council. London: Longmans. p. 280. "Hayes and ...
Medal Index Card, The National Archive, Kew Jackson, W Eric (1965). Achievement. A short History of the LCC. Longmans. p. 274. ...
"Achievement". rimc.gov.in. Retrieved 10 March 2018. Founder Principal, Cadet College Hasan Abdal Life of Hugh Catchpole RIMC ...
W Eric Jackson (1965). Achievement. A Short History of the London County Council. Longmans. p. 271. Hansard 1803-2005: ...
"Achievement". Retrieved 2020-08-21.. ...
p. 8. Jackson, W Eric (1965). Achievement. A Short History of the London County Council. London: Longmans. p. 257. "New ...
"Achievement". wisbech-Society.co.uk. Retrieved 14 December 2019. "Wisbech First World War family portrait by Lilian Ream part ...
p. 2. Jackson, W Eric (1965). Achievement. A Short History of the London County Council. London: Longmans. p. 279. John ...
Players who unlock the Flesh Pit costume receive the achievement/trophy called "Best... Alternate... EVER!" Mileena (or ... "Mortal Kombat - Best...Alternate...Ever! Achievement". Xbox360achievements.org. Retrieved 2013-11-06. "Mortal Kombat - Best... ...
... achievement; production". In ancient Old Chinese that was used when the Neiye was compiled, the two titular component words had ...
ISBN 978-1-107-60006-5. W Eric Jackson (1965). Achievement. A Short History of the London County Council. Longmans. p. 259. " ...
Jackson, W Eric (1965). Achievement. A Short History of the LCC. London: Longmans. p. 270. Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. ...
"Achievement". Kundanvidyamandir.com. Francisco, Jeroninio; Almeida, Torquato (May 5, 2019). "REX Karmaveer Global Fellowship ...
25-27 "Biography and Video Interview of Jeff Bezos at Academy of Achievement". Achievement. Archived from the original on March ... Robinson (2010), p. 19 "Biography and Video Interview of Jeff Bezos at Academy of Achievement". Achievement.org. Archived from ...
Peters [is]... to be celebrated for [her]... achievement... in bringing the Middle Ages vividly to life in ... crime fiction. ...
Achievement. A Short History of the London County Council. Longmans. p. 267.. ...
Missing or empty ,title= (help) "Achievement of Ministry of Commerce and Industry 2018" (PDF). Godlywood Studio (10 November ... Achievement". About , CR Chaudhary Member of Parliament Nagaur. Retrieved 10 September 2018. Contents Overviews Outlines Lists ...
Jackson, W Eric (1965). Achievement. A Short History of the London County Council. London: Longmans. p. 256. "Savings on Rates ...
Jackson, W Eric (1965). Achievement. A Short History of the LCC. Longmans. p. 273. "No. 34184". The London Gazette. 26 July ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Jackson, W Eric (1965). Achievement. A Short History of the London County Council. ...
Achievement". Coanet.org. Archived from the original on 2011-09-30. Retrieved 2011-11-15. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter ( ...
Wiggan, Greg (2007). "Race, School &. Achievement". Review of Educational Research. 77 (3): 310-333. doi:10.3102/ ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Jackson, W Eric (1965). Achievement. A Short History of the LCC. London: Longmans. p. ...
Jackson, W Eric (1965). Achievement. A Short History of the LCC. London: Longmans. p. 270. Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. ...
Achievement. World Trade Magazines Ltd. 1962. p. 31. Retrieved 3 April 2013. Charlotte Arneson, "The Perfect Jigsaw for Every ...
Achievement. Personal Growth.) documentation as part of every competition in which they compete. LEAP documentation tracks the ...
Achievement. A Short History of the London County Council. Longmans. p. 258. [1] Probate site. Retrieved 22 November 2020. ...
They have achievements in various sectors including science fairs, different olympiads etc. The institution also runs many ... "Achievement". ccpc.edu.bd. Chittagong Cantonment Public College. Archived from the original on 31 October 2016. Retrieved 5 ...
p. 6. Jackson, W Eric (1965). Achievement. A Short History of the London County Council. London: Longmans. p. 259. "Deaths". ...
Students Affected by Achievement Gaps. The term "achievement gap" is often defined as the differences between the test scores ... Issues And Action/More Issues.../Achievement Gaps/Research & Tools/Students Affected by Achievement Gaps ... Back to: Issues And Action / More Issues... / Achievement Gaps / Research & Tools / Students Affected by Achievement Gaps ... But achievement gaps in test scores affect many different groups. Some groups may trail at particular points, for example, boys ...
While each of these policy realms has been undertaken with the purported aim of equalizing educational achievements for all ... McDermotts work examines ways that student achievement is connected to demographics and equity. The scope of her research ... comprehensive access to health care and universal early childhood education could have a big impact on student achievement. ... setting benchmarks alone will not eliminate persistent achievement gaps. ...
Achievement among secondary school students has stalled in the three years since the No Child Left Behind Act was passed, ... Achievement among secondary school students has stalled in the three years since the No Child Left Behind Act was passed, ... While math achievement has improved somewhat at the elementary and middle school levels in nearly all the states studied, the ... Student Achievement. By Kathleen Kennedy Manzo - January 11, 2005 1 min read ...
Achievement First Hartford High School students participate in a daily book club discussion of Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison ... 09.05.2012 - Hartford, CT - Achievement First Hartford High School students participate in a daily book club discussion of " ... 09.05.2012 - Hartford, CT - Achievement First Hartford High School students participate in a daily book club discussion of " ... 09.05.2012 - Hartford, CT - Achievement First Hartford High School students participate in a daily book club discussion of ...
This book started as a symposium on Achievement Motiva- tion at the 1978 American Educational Research Association Convention. ... Achievement theory had by now well surpassed its beginnings in the 1950s and 1960s and was ready for a composite presentation ... Achievement Motivation: Trends in Theory and Research. * Front Matter Pages 1-1 ... Achievement Motivation and Life Span Human Development. * Front Matter Pages 169-169 ...
RAND research measures the effects of various types of school reforms on student achievement, with recent studies focusing on ... The hallmark of a successful education system is increasing or maintaining high student achievement. ... Academic Achievement Gap. Researcher Spotlight. * Christopher Joseph Doss. Associate Policy Researcher. Christopher Doss (he/ ... Academic Achievement. Featured. The hallmark of a successful education system is increasing or maintaining high student ...
FPC holds the record of most runs scored in SM-45 overs limited game. We scored 560/6 in 45 overs in the year 2004 against MTS (Mens Thinking Society) in Suomelinna Fort playing ground where many balls were ...
... achievement gap in education refers to the disparity in academic performance between groups of students. It is most often used ... The "achievement gap" in education refers to the disparity in academic performance between groups of students. The achievement ... In the 1990s, the controversial book, The Bell Curve, claimed that gaps in student achievement were the result of variation in ... Achievement gaps seem likely to remain a focus in the next authorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. The ...
Achievement First Hartford High School students walk a corridor to lunch past a piece of frosted glass with a quote by George ... 09.05.2012 - Hartford, CT - Achievement First Hartford High School students walk a corridor to lunch past a piece of frosted ... 09.05.2012 - Hartford, CT - Achievement First Hartford High School students walk a corridor to lunch past a piece of frosted ... 09.05.2012 - Hartford, CT - Achievement First Hartford High School students walk a corridor to lunch past a piece of frosted ...
... is a colorful clicker game for those who wants not only to get tons of achievements in no time, but also to ... Achievement Machine is a colorful clicker game for those who wants not only to get tons of achievements in no time, but also to ... Achievement Machine is a colorful clicker game for those who wants not only to get tons of achievements in no time, but also to ... A SECRET ACHIEVEMENT #5000. Did you think that it would be that simple? To get a secret achievement youll need to give it your ...
The Achievement Scholarship is available to entering freshmen at the University of Minnesota, Crookston. You must have an ACT ... The Achievement Scholarship is available to entering freshmen at the University of Minnesota, Crookston. You must have an ACT ...
The Achievement Awards Program is a non-competitive awards program which seeks to recognize innovative county government ... What is the Achievement Awards Program?. The Achievement Awards Program is a non-competitive awards program which seeks to ... Achievement Awards. The Achievement Awards Program is a non-competitive awards program which seeks to recognize innovative ... Applications for the 2017 Achievement Awards Program will be submitted online with NACos Achievement Award Application Portal. ...
The Achievement Scholarship is available to incoming students at Occidental College. This award may be renewed for three ... The Achievement Scholarship is available to incoming students at Occidental College. This award may be renewed for three ...
Achievement Wedges. AbleData does not produce, distribute or sell any of the products listed on this website, but we provide ... The Achievement Wedges are child positioning wedges designed for use with children with mobility, neurological, or lower ...
Student Achievement. SMUs Strategic Plan promises to create, expand and impart knowledge through teaching, research and ...
Munich, Germany (PRWEB) September 19, 2018 -- Sep 19 2018 - DAQRI announced that it has achieved Amazon Web Services (AWS) Industrial Software Competency
Re: Achievement. A very emotional capture for the boy on his achievement. I could still remember & feel how it was then ... Achievement. Thank you very much for viewing. Click the image to view it in lightbox.. --------. Nikon D70, Nikon 18-70mm lens ... Re: Achievement. Two things Willie.. 1. Is there any chance of you detailing your B & W conversion is PS; and. 2. I see youve ... Re: Achievement. Hehe. D7000 or 300s? Its a very good shot you have here, just a pity that the man was standing behind the boy ...
2015 Lifetime Achievement Awardees. Barbara E. Ainsworth, Ph.D., M.P.H., F.A.C.S.M., F.N.A.K. - Dr. Ainsworth is a Regents ... IDEA Lifetime Achievement Award, and Carlsbad Chamber of Commerce Lifetime Achievement in Business. ... 2011 Lifetime Achievement Awardees. Sihak Henry Cho - S. Henry Cho is a 9th degree black belt in Tae Kwon Do and is recognized ... 2009 Lifetime Achievement Awardees. Asahel "Ash" E. Hayes, Ed.D. - In a career spanning more than six decades, Dr. Ash Hayes ...
A360P is going to try to get a hold of EA and see if they can award the Achievement to those deserving who did not get ... Were you at the event, and if you didnt get the Achievement, are you going to give it another shot on the 25th? ... Apparently, while people who actually were in the lobby got the Achievement, everyone else who was just listening to the ESPN ... Achievement for NBA Live 07 went down on the 10th, hosted by Achieve360Points.com. It started at 8:00 PM EST and they had the ...
Sondra Crosby, associate professor of health law, ethics & human rights, received the Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal ... The Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal is awarded to members of the Armed Forces, including members of Reserve components ... to service members who have provided commendable service performed commendably in routine duties or exceptional achievements, ...
Achievement color coded. *◄ Scale returning - 1,2 when previously showed 1,2, upgrade 2.9 to 3.5 ... Achievement color coded. by Dave Johnson - Sunday, September 30, 2018, 2:33 AM. ... Is it possible to color code grades/achievement levels for online viewing and exporting? Thanks, for your help. ...
51st International Achievement Summit. In the last sparkling days of summer, the Academy of Achievement gathered in San ... Academy of Achievement member and violin virtuoso Joshua Bell performs for the honorees in Napa Valley.. Even in the ... After a weekend of feeling so diminutive about the work I do in the face of such scientific and global achievement, it was a ... I wanted to write and thank you for my life-changing experience at the Academy of Achievement. I could never have anticipated ...
Use the search facilities below to find out about all the different extra-curricular activities we can include in the HEAR, and what you have to do to gain recognition in each case.. To see a list of all the activities that we can verify, leave the key word field blank and select All Activity Themes.. Alternatively, select a theme you are interested in to do a more specific search.. You can also search by keyword(s) (e.g. Give it a Go) with or without an activity theme. ...
NACo is extending the 2018 Achievement Awards submission deadline one additional week to April 2! , Awards Programs ... Do you still have an innovative county program youd like to submit for an Achievement Award? ... 2020 NACo Achievement Award Winners. NACo is pleased to announce the winners for the 2020 Achievement Awards. NACo recognized ... In order to submit a 2018 Achievement Award, you must have NACo log-in information. If you do not have a NACo log-in, you may ...
... As a technical university it is our prime responsibility to educate tomorrows leaders and to perform first class ... A main challenge is still to involve the TU Delft community at large in clearly visible achievements. Two important tracks in ...
The OGPPH achievements from 1997 through the present including published articles and the launching of the Public Health ...
Achievement may refer to: Achievement (heraldry) Achievement (horse), a racehorse Achievement (video gaming), a meta-goal ... type Need for achievement All pages with titles beginning with Achievement All pages with titles containing Achievement This ... disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Achievement. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to ... defined outside of a games parameters Achievement test for student assessment Achiever, a personality ...
... Awarded to a scientist, from any country, who is recognised internationally ... for his/her continued, outstanding achievements in the field of polymer science. ...
Here is why schools alone cannot close the achievement gap. ... Why Schools Alone Cannot Close Achievement Gap. Achievement gap ... What can schools do to help close the achievement gap?. Schools play a vital role in helping close this gap. Since teachers and ... Lets take a look at some ways schools can help boost achievement results:. * Create a Challenging Curriculum: The idea is to ... What can be done to close the achievement gap?. Health and Development: Research shows that there is an evident impact of ...
  • Sondra Crosby , associate professor of health law, ethics & human rights, received the Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal for superior performance of her duties while serving as senior medical officer for detachment victor in the Operational Health Support Unit in Portsmouth, Va., from March 2016 to October 2019. (bu.edu)
  • COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo. , Feb. 13, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Six honorees representing Junior Achievement operations in seven U.S. cities have been named recipients of the Junior Achievement National Centennial Leadership Award by the Junior Achievement USA Board of Directors. (prnewswire.com)
  • Celebrating its centennial in 2019, Junior Achievement is the world's largest organization dedicated to giving young people the knowledge and skills they need to own their economic success, plan for their future, and make smart academic and economic choices. (prnewswire.com)
  • In the last sparkling days of summer, the Academy of Achievement gathered in San Francisco, California for the 51st International Achievement Summit. (achievement.org)
  • What It Takes is an audio podcast produced by the American Academy of Achievement featuring intimate, revealing conversations with influential leaders in the diverse fields of endeavor: public service, science and exploration, sports, technology, business, arts and humanities, and justice. (achievement.org)
  • But achievement gaps in test scores affect many different groups. (nea.org)
  • And UMass Amherst educational policy expert Kathryn McDermott's research shows that in our increasingly racially and economically stratified society, setting benchmarks alone will not eliminate persistent achievement gaps. (umass.edu)
  • In the past decade, though, scholars and policymakers have begun to focus increasing attention on other achievement gaps, such as those based on sex, English-language proficiency and learning disabilities. (edweek.org)
  • With the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 , closing achievement gaps among these various student groups became a focus of federal education accountability, and schools and districts were required to disaggregate student test scores and other performance data by student characteristics to enable better comparisons between groups. (edweek.org)
  • This created both to greater awareness of racial disparities and to rising concern about other kinds of achievement gaps. (edweek.org)
  • The attention led to more targeted interventions for different groups of students, but had not closed most achievement gaps to an appreciable degree a decade of the law passed. (edweek.org)
  • The National Center for Education Statistics compiles data and explores the achievement gaps between Black and White, and Hispanic and White students to try and determine the changes over time, patterns of achievement, and the reasons for these gaps. (excite.com)
  • The website today will provide scattergraphs that track growth and provide information about achievement gaps based on income or race. (denverpost.com)
  • Taking inspiration from the conclusion of skoolboy's earlier analysis , I performed a basic simulation to demonstrate how black and Hispanic students fare in selection processes given existing NYC achievement gaps. (edweek.org)
  • I generated these data to mirror the achievement gaps that exist in 8th grade math NAEP scores in NYC: the average African-American and Hispanic student scores .83 and .72 standard deviations below the average white score, respectively, and the average Asian student scores .28 standard deviations above it. (edweek.org)
  • Gains in proficiency that do not also close achievement gaps on continuous measures do little to help black and Hispanic kids get ahead. (edweek.org)
  • Since achievement gaps are often larger at the top of the distribution than in the middle and bottom, white and Asian students have an even larger advantage than they appear to based on this simulation. (edweek.org)
  • NACo is extending the 2018 Achievement Awards submission deadline one additional week to April 2! (naco.org)
  • In order to submit a 2018 Achievement Award, you must have NACo log-in information. (naco.org)
  • She adds that improved government programs related to income supports for families, comprehensive access to health care and universal early childhood education could have a big impact on student achievement. (umass.edu)
  • McDermott's work examines ways that student achievement is connected to demographics and equity. (umass.edu)
  • In many cases, demographic divisions and inequalities in our public schools have become more deeply entrenched-and in some places even institutionalized-precisely because government officials were trying to equalize expectations and improve student achievement. (umass.edu)
  • "Stalled in Secondary: A Look at Student Achievement Since the No Child Left Behind Act" is available online from The Education Trust . (edweek.org)
  • The report, conducted by The Education Trust, a Washington-based research organization, is a followup to its Oct. 2004 analysis of student achievement. (edweek.org)
  • The hallmark of a successful education system is increasing or maintaining high student achievement. (rand.org)
  • RAND research measures the effects of various types of school reforms on student achievement, with recent studies focusing on charter schools, No Child Left Behind, reform-oriented teaching, and classroom sizes. (rand.org)
  • By keeping track of student achievement levels and analyzing the results, schools can pinpoint the areas where the students are lacking and make arrangements to fix them. (excite.com)
  • While these measures do have an overall positive effect on closing the achievement gap, such "fragmented" interventions cannot have a long lasting impact, even though they may boost student achievement in the short term. (excite.com)
  • We study the effects of counterfactual teacher-to-classroom assignments on average student achievement in elementary and middle schools in the US. (nber.org)
  • Our findings suggest that changes in within-district teacher assignments could have appreciable effects on student achievement. (nber.org)
  • they raise student achievement through a more efficient deployment of existing teachers. (nber.org)
  • A] strong and committed staff," the teachers wrote, "is the first step to student achievement. (edreform.com)
  • For us," KIPP AMP teacher Emily Fernandez explains, "unionization is ultimately all about student achievement, and the ability of teachers to best serve students at this crucial middle school time in their education. (edreform.com)
  • Unionization is all about student achievement? (edreform.com)
  • I mention in the Times this morning that as long as you have nonessential rules that have more to do with job operations than with student achievement, you are going to have a hard time accomplishing your mission. (edreform.com)
  • For a charter school board that is committed to making student achievement the primary goal of a school, "just cause" might mean a teacher isn't making a measurable impact. (edreform.com)
  • Achievement may refer to: Achievement (heraldry) Achievement (horse), a racehorse Achievement (video gaming), a meta-goal defined outside of a game's parameters Achievement test for student assessment Achiever, a personality type Need for achievement All pages with titles beginning with Achievement All pages with titles containing Achievement This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Achievement. (wikipedia.org)
  • To avoid surprises at end-of-year test time, the Plano Independent School District in Texas wanted a better way to measure student achievement and progress, leaving time to intervene with corrective action when necessary. (sas.com)
  • With the SAS Enterprise Intelligence Suite for Education, the district now looks at how much a student progressed during the year and works with teachers to determine which instructional practices are working (and which are not) to help improve student achievement outcomes. (sas.com)
  • The achievement gap refers to the difference in student achievement level between low-income and/or students of color, and the rest of American students. (wikihow.com)
  • How Does Personalized Learning Affect Student Achievement? (rand.org)
  • The research described in this brief begins to fill this gap by presenting an evaluation of PL schools and student achievement based on fall 2014 and spring 2015 mathematics and reading test scores. (rand.org)
  • With so many innovative ways to reflect on student achievement, you may hesitate to close the books on the school year after all. (scholastic.com)
  • Put a new spin on an old classic by creating a digital collage of work samples and noteworthy projects to showcase student achievement. (scholastic.com)
  • A thorough understanding of the relationship between immigrant student academic achievement and education policy in Canada is critical to the survival and prosperity of Canada. (springer.com)
  • This question has implications for education policy: If community characteristics are strongly associated with student achievement, then efforts to improve student performance must focus on the community as a whole, not just on the school. (ascd.org)
  • Results of a study by Bickel, Smith, and Eagle (2002) suggest that high-poverty neighborhoods can vary in the kinds of support they give their residents and that supportive neighborhoods can mitigate the harmful effects of economic disadvantage on student achievement. (ascd.org)
  • These results suggest that policymakers should not assume that disadvantaged communities have a "culture of poverty" that adversely affects student achievement. (ascd.org)
  • Education Scientific Assembly Student Case Study and Research Paper Awards recognize the writing achievements of current students with clinical laboratory science programs. (ascls.org)
  • As David Sirota notes , "two thirds of student achievement is a product of out-of-school factors-and among the most powerful of those is economic status. (tcf.org)
  • State education officials will introduce a new era in student academic data with today's official rollout of the Colorado Growth Model - a data tool that looks at student achievement over time. (denverpost.com)
  • For example, a student in the 60th growth percentile is progressing as well as or better than 60 percent of Colorado students with the same achievement history. (denverpost.com)
  • While quantitative input measures show little impact, several measures of institutional structures and of the quality of the teaching force can account for significant portions of the large international differences in the level and equity of student achievement. (repec.org)
  • Teaching Styles and Achievement: Student and Teacher Perspectives ," UFAE and IAE Working Papers 958.15, Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica (UAB) and Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica (CSIC). (repec.org)
  • Teaching styles and achievement: Student and teacher perspectives ," Economics of Education Review , Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 184-206. (repec.org)
  • Teaching Styles and achievement: Student and Teacher Perspectives ," Working Papers in Economic Theory 2015/02, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History). (repec.org)
  • Teaching Styles and Achievement: Student and Teacher Perspectives ," Working Papers 869, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics. (repec.org)
  • Teaching styles and achievement: Student and teacher perspectives ," Working Papers wpdea1502, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona. (repec.org)
  • The term "achievement gap" is often defined as the differences between the test scores of minority and/or low-income students and the test scores of their White and Asian peers. (nea.org)
  • This report profiles high-achieving Latino students and the language, culture, and immigration-status issues that can affect their motivation and achievement and examines policy and program options to help the many Latino high achievers. (nea.org)
  • While each of these policy realms has been undertaken with the purported aim of equalizing educational achievements for all students, McDermott's findings show that the results have been anything but equal. (umass.edu)
  • Achievement among secondary school students has stalled in the three years since the No Child Left Behind Act was passed, indicating greater attention is needed for improving the nation's high schools, concludes a report released last week. (edweek.org)
  • The "achievement gap" in education refers to the disparity in academic performance between groups of students. (edweek.org)
  • 09.05.2012 - Hartford, CT - Achievement First Hartford High School students walk a corridor to lunch past a piece of frosted glass with a quote by George Washington Carver. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • The Achievement Scholarship is available to incoming students at Occidental College. (fastweb.com)
  • Students with chronic health conditions may face lower academic achievement, increased disability, fewer job opportunities and limited community interactions as they enter adulthood.2 Because these youth spend a significant amount of their time in schools, it is important to understand the relationship between chronic health conditions and academic achievement. (cdc.gov)
  • Studies show that some students with chronic health conditions have lower academic achievement than students who do not have such conditions, although this relationship varies by condition and can be influenced by additional factors. (cdc.gov)
  • Achievement gap refers to a phenomenon where one group of students (divided according to race, ethnicity or gender) outperforms another group and the difference in performance scores is statistically significant. (excite.com)
  • Parent involvement, without doubt, has a strong impact on the achievement outcomes for students. (excite.com)
  • Economic opportunities for the students' families, access to healthcare and social services, community safety, access to facilities such as libraries and museums etc and access to quality child-care and after-school programs are all determinants of the achievement gap in a particular group of people. (excite.com)
  • Junior Achievement of Northern New England is strategically focused on making the biggest impact possible by partnering with school districts, cities and towns to serve students throughout their Kindergarten to 12th grade education. (idealist.org)
  • Early evidence suggests that personalized learning (PL) can improve achievement for students, regardless of their starting level of achievement. (rand.org)
  • The study, conducted by RAND Corporation researchers for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, compares the achievement of students in PL schools with (1) matched peers attending non-PL schools and (2) national norms. (rand.org)
  • Higher Achievement is a community-based program that aims to improve students' reading and math skills and chances for placement in a high-quality high school, by offering year-round out-of-school-time programming. (childtrends.org)
  • Despite the tremendous challenges facing these immigrant students in their schooling, the children of immigrants in Canada perform compatibly with their peers with Canadian-born parents in educational achievement overall , and the 2 groups have similar labor market outcomes in the long run. (springer.com)
  • Both have been seen in the high academic achievement of immigrant students in Canada. (springer.com)
  • Junior Achievement of South Florida serves 50,000 students each year. (constantcontact.com)
  • These researchers examined the achievement test scores of 292 kindergarten students attending 12 elementary schools in two poor rural counties in western West Virginia. (ascd.org)
  • Controlling for family background and social class, the researchers found that as neighborhoods more closely approximated this model, students' early school achievement was enhanced. (ascd.org)
  • Participating in international projects and placements has also increased the motivation of both staff and students, leading to significantly improved attendance and academic achievement. (britishcouncil.org)
  • Our findings highlight the importance of the source of information, teacher or students, to draw adequate conclusions about the effect of teaching style on achievement. (repec.org)
  • Junior Achievement of Northern California (JA) achieves this mission through teaching students about their expanding roles as individuals, consumers, employees, employers, and productive members of our society. (volunteermatch.org)
  • What Are the Factors That Affect Students' Academic Achievement? (reference.com)
  • Achievement Machine is a colorful clicker game for those who wants not only to get tons of achievements in no time, but also to enjoy real gameplay and various gamemodes! (steampowered.com)
  • We at Playloft don't like boring spamming games, but knowing your true love of achievements and interesting gameplay we've taken the liberty to make both colorful and enjoyable clicker game with lots and lots of achievements. (steampowered.com)
  • Achievement Machine combines both achievement farming and fun gameplay with several modes - find a special icon on the field to start them. (steampowered.com)
  • 3: Trophies/Achievements ------------------------------------------ A: Gameplay specific trophies/achievements ------------------------------------------ 1: A Day's Work (Bronze) - Killed 500 enemies Desciption: see "What I do Best" 2: Aerial Assault (Bronze) - Performed 10 Air Grabs Description: This will probably be one of your first trophies/achievements. (gamesradar.com)
  • Thanks to a generous gift from the Salah Charitable Foundation , Junior Achievement of South Florida can continue preparing youth to be the employees, consumers and business owners of the future through its innovative JA Experience at Lauderhill 6-12 program. (constantcontact.com)
  • Junior Achievement of South Florida is hiring a Classroom Programs Manager that manages our Kindergarten-12th grade classroom programs. (constantcontact.com)
  • Junior Achievement of South Florida inspires and prepares young people to succeed in a competitive, global economy by providing real world training in financial literacy, entrepreneurship and work readiness. (constantcontact.com)
  • We invite you to join us as our top 10 teams compete for the title of Junior Achievement of South Florida Company of the Year! (constantcontact.com)
  • The Achievement Scholarship is available to entering freshmen at the University of Minnesota, Crookston. (fastweb.com)
  • Incoming freshmen can use our scholarship calculator to estimate the academic achievement award for which they may be eligible. (udallas.edu)
  • The student's application for admission serves as the student's application for an Academic Achievement Scholarship. (udallas.edu)
  • For an Academic Achievement Scholarship estimate, visit our Scholarship Calculator . (udallas.edu)
  • The National Achievement Scholarship, in the amount of $2,500 per year, is offered to the top high school senior scorers on the PSAT who mark Section 14 on the PSAT/NMSQT answer sheet, thereby identifying himself or herself as Black American. (udallas.edu)
  • This award can be used in addition to an Academic Achievement Scholarship, but when combined cannot exceed the cost of tuition. (udallas.edu)
  • The National Achievement Scholarship can be used for eight consecutive semesters. (udallas.edu)
  • Programs, whole or in part, that have received a previous NACo Achievement Award. (naco.org)
  • The President's Council on Sports, Fitness & Nutrition (PCSFN) Lifetime Achievement Award is given annually to up to five individuals whose careers have greatly contributed to the advancement or promotion of physical activity, fitness, sports, or nutrition nationwide. (hhs.gov)
  • A360P is going to try to get a hold of EA and see if they can award the Achievement to those deserving who did not get acknowledged during the event. (engadget.com)
  • It is awarded to service members who have provided commendable service performed commendably in routine duties or exceptional achievements, that have not been recognized by a higher award. (bu.edu)
  • Do you still have an innovative county program you'd like to submit for an Achievement Award? (naco.org)
  • Khosla National Award for lifetime achievements in the field of Engineering, 21 Sept 2005, IIT Roorkee. (google.com)
  • GAO discussed its review of an independent certified public accountant's audit of the Civic Achievement Award Program. (gao.gov)
  • The Principal Achievement Award for Outstanding Leadership was established in 1988, to recognize exemplary principals for their contributions to their schools and communities. (fldoe.org)
  • From the nominations,one principal will be named as the state winner of the Principal Achievement Award for Outstanding Leadership. (fldoe.org)
  • Scientific Assembly Professional Achievement Award recognizes outstanding professional achievement of an ASCLS member within his or her chosen academic, scientific, and vocational interest. (ascls.org)
  • The Lifetime Achievement in Neonatal Nursing Award recognizes an individual's longstanding commitment to and profound impact on the field of neonatal nursing. (nann.org)
  • Frank Adamek of General Electric received the 2016 Geoca Mechanical Engineering Achievement Award during a ceremony held recently at the Offshore Technology Conference (OTC) in Houston. (asme.org)
  • The Achievement Awards Program is a non-competitive awards program which seeks to recognize innovative county government programs. (naco.org)
  • What is the Achievement Awards Program? (naco.org)
  • Winners of the 2017 Achievement Awards will be notified the week of April 24, 2017. (naco.org)
  • By applying for the 2017 Achievement Awards, your entry will be in the running for the Counties Matter Challenge: Brilliant Ideas at Work. (naco.org)
  • The 2004 Interactive Achievement Awards were held Thursday night at the Palms Hotel in Las Vegas. (ign.com)
  • Simon Fraser University presents the Staff Achievement Awards annually to recognize Simon Fraser University staff who have demonstrated outstanding achievement within the University or their community. (sfu.ca)
  • Plaques and cash awards are presented to the winning inventors during APL's annual Achievement Awards event. (jhuapl.edu)
  • The Offshore Technology Conference (OTC) will present its 2013 Distinguished Achievement Awards on 5 May at the Annual OTC Dinner to Ken Arnold, senior technical adviser at WorleyParsons, for individual achievement, and to Total Exploration and Production for corporate achievement. (spe.org)
  • The Aging Achievement Awards highlight successful programs in the field, and the Aging Innovations Awards honor the most innovative initiatives. (n4a.org)
  • NEW YORK, May 11, 2016 - ASME (The American Society of Mechanical Engineers) has presented seven awards recognizing technical achievement and distinguished service in the field of petroleum engineering. (asme.org)
  • In 2020, we honored 17 Innovations winners and 27 Achievement winners. (n4a.org)
  • There is extensive literature documenting that children experiencing foster care placement have myriad adverse developmental outcomes, including poor academic achievement. (aappublications.org)
  • Up and down California, the highest-performing schools found it easiest to qualify for a share of $677 million the state is doling out to reward achievement gains. (latimes.com)
  • Would you recommend Junior Achievement of Northern California? (volunteermatch.org)
  • The achievement gap shows up in grades, standardized-test scores, course selection, dropout rates, and college-completion rates, among other success measures. (edweek.org)
  • Is it possible to color code grades/achievement levels for online viewing and exporting? (moodle.org)
  • The definitions of the Basic , Proficient , and Advanced achievement levels for grades 4, 8, and 12 are presented in the tables that follow. (ed.gov)
  • We analyzed the relation between OHP and academic achievement, focusing on reading and math achievement in grades 3 through 8. (aappublications.org)
  • Academic achievement refers to academic performance, educational behaviors, and cognitive skil s. (cdc.gov)
  • In this brief, "academic achievement" refers to academic performance, education-related behavior, and cognitive skil s. (cdc.gov)
  • You set the criteria, we recognize the achievement. (nsc.org)
  • An emerging economic literature over the past decade has made use of international tests of educational achievement to analyze the determinants and impacts of cognitive skills. (repec.org)
  • Achievement (1864-1872) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. (wikipedia.org)
  • What can schools do to help close the achievement gap? (excite.com)
  • He said the intent of the program is to reward excellence and to help motivate the low-performing to improve and close the achievement gap. (latimes.com)
  • This brief describes the relationship between certain chronic health conditions and academic achievement, based on a review of the scientific literature. (cdc.gov)
  • These are examples of chronic health conditions that are commonly observed among school-aged youth, possibly affect academic achievement, or use significant resources when addressed at school. (cdc.gov)
  • We searched PubMed and Medline for peer-reviewed research on academic achievement and chronic health conditions. (cdc.gov)
  • The following sections report current knowledge about the associations between these five chronic health conditions and academic achievement. (cdc.gov)
  • Most of the studies (47 of the 54) focused on asthma or seizure disorders/epilepsy, and their relationship to academic achievement (Table 2). (cdc.gov)
  • Absenteeism, in turn, is associated with lower academic achievement. (cdc.gov)
  • As a result, the district consistently exceeds its achievement and growth benchmarks, boasts a low dropout rate, and the majority of its schools are in the 90th percentile for academic performance. (sas.com)
  • We examine the effect of alcohol exposure in utero on child academic achievement. (nber.org)
  • The present study analyzed the relation between OHP and academic achievement by using statewide longitudinal administrative data from Wisconsin to produce a range of estimates of the potential effect of OHP on achievement, as captured by reading and math scores. (aappublications.org)
  • Language learning correlates with higher academic achievement on standardized test measures. (actfl.org)
  • This study looked at the effects of 20 minutes of daily Spanish instruction on academic achievement. (actfl.org)
  • The author concludes that foreign language instruction does not hinder academic achievement. (actfl.org)
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between cleft laterality and academic achievement in a population-based sample of children with and without isolated oral clefts. (aappublications.org)
  • Academic achievement was evaluated by using high-quality standardized test data on multiple academic domains as well as use of special education. (aappublications.org)
  • Children with left-sided clefts had poorer academic performance than their classmates or children with right-sided clefts, who showed similar academic achievement compared with their unaffected classmates. (aappublications.org)
  • Children with isolated oral clefts have been shown to score lower than unaffected classmates on academic achievement measures and are more likely to require academic support relative to unaffected peers. (aappublications.org)
  • While math achievement has improved somewhat at the elementary and middle school levels in nearly all the states studied, the same was true in just 14 of the 21 states for which high school test scores were analyzed. (edweek.org)
  • However, we found similar deficits across children with past, current, and future exposure to OHP and, in our preferred model, OHP (past, current, or future placement) had no statistically discernible relation with either reading or math achievement. (aappublications.org)
  • What Is the Achievement Motivation Theory? (reference.com)
  • The achievement motivation theory is the theory that people are motivated to succeed by seeking out achievement. (reference.com)
  • A new publication, Environmental Performance Reviews: Achievements in OECD Countries , summarises lessons learned from peer reviews of 29 OECD countries (1), which systematically assess countries' achievements with respect to their environmental domestic objectives and international commitments. (oecd.org)
  • Alternatively, if OHP significantly compromises achievement, this unintended consequence would have important implications for policy and practice. (aappublications.org)
  • In short, the achievement gap has real implications for black and Hispanic kids as they move through their educational careers: they are more likely to be placed in low ability groups in integrated schools, less likely to be selected for gifted and talented programs, and less likely to attend the college of their choice. (edweek.org)
  • This chapter reviews the economic literature on international differences in educational achievement, restricting itself to comparative analyses that are not possible within single countries and placing particular emphasis on studies trying to address key issues of empirical identification. (repec.org)
  • The Economics of International Differences in Educational Achievement ," IZA Discussion Papers 4925, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). (repec.org)
  • The Economics of International Differences in Educational Achievement ," Discussion Papers 09-013, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research. (repec.org)
  • The Economics of International Differences in Educational Achievement ," CESifo Working Paper Series 3037, CESifo Group Munich. (repec.org)
  • The Economics of International Differences in Educational Achievement ," NBER Working Papers 15949, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc. (repec.org)
  • For example, if children in care have a history of low achievement, then a continued achievement gap may simply demonstrate that placement does not compensate for past disadvantage. (aappublications.org)
  • Among others, one school it found enrolled a majority of children who were eligible for subsidized lunches yet who still had high achievement. (epi.org)
  • The teaching of Spanish in the elementary schools and the effects on achievement in other selected subject areas. (actfl.org)
  • When these institutions rely on test scores, and there is an achievement gap among racial/ethnic groups on these tests, the lower-scoring group will be underrepresented. (edweek.org)
  • Only by reducing the achievement gap can we increase the chances that members of racial/ethnic minority groups can get ahead in society via selective social institutions. (edweek.org)
  • Their passion for and commitment to the Junior Achievement mission is representative of the tremendous dedication of the countless business leaders, educators, volunteers and other community supporters who have been so essential in ensuring JA's success at a local, national and global level. (prnewswire.com)
  • Many studies have shown that family characteristics can significantly affect children's development and school achievement. (ascd.org)
  • Because of the achievement gap, black and Hispanic children are left behind in many selection processes that potentially - and significantly - affect their life chances. (edweek.org)
  • The study also compares achievement effects between charter and noncharter schools implementing PL. (rand.org)
  • One problem that has puzzled observers of education for some time is the fact that after controlling for poverty, black achievement is still lower than white achievement, and some conclude from this that they have now disposed of background characteristics and can be certain that an important cause of the achievement gap must be poorly qualified and motivated teachers and/or low teacher expectations. (epi.org)
  • A close cooperation between school and home can become one of the key pillars of closing the achievement gap. (excite.com)
  • There are many factors at play in the creation and perpetuation of the achievement gap, including school funding, teacher education, and discrimination. (wikihow.com)
  • While closing the achievement gap is a monumental task and requires systemic changes in school funding policy and government, you can take small steps to close the gap in your classroom or community. (wikihow.com)
  • Learn more about your local school district's commitment to closing the achievement gap by attending school board meetings. (wikihow.com)
  • Attend a school board meeting and address your concerns about the achievement gap at the district level. (wikihow.com)
  • The effect of middle school foreign language study on verbal achievement as measured by three subtests of the Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills [Abstract]. (actfl.org)
  • Higher Achievement also offers additional services to help with the transition to high school, including a family night at the end of 7th grade, with a group discussion for parents about high school applications, and two-day visits to high-quality high schools with guided discussions about the schools during the summer before 8th grade. (childtrends.org)
  • Beginning at 11 a.m., the public will be able to click on a new website, schoolview.org , to delve into how well their school, district and state are doing at pushing achievement and growth. (denverpost.com)
  • This book started as a symposium on Achievement Motiva- tion at the 1978 American Educational Research Association Convention. (springer.com)
  • Achievement theory had by now well surpassed its beginnings in the 1950s and 1960s and was ready for a composite presentation and profile of the recent research and theories of motivation. (springer.com)
  • Along with the introduction of a new framework, new achievement level descriptions and cut scores were established. (ed.gov)
  • For each achievement level listed, the scale score that corresponds to the beginning of that level is shown in parentheses. (ed.gov)
  • Children in OHP settings had achievement test scores at least 0.6 SD below average. (aappublications.org)
  • Those who are motivated by achievement work hard and push themselves to the limit of their ability in order to improve their work and get tangible results. (reference.com)
  • Awarded to a scientist, from any country, who is recognised internationally for his/her continued, outstanding achievements in the field of polymer science. (rsc.org)
  • At Epsom, Achievement started 1/3 favourite for the Oaks in a field of eight on a cold and cloudy day. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a study that included nearly 3,000 adults from Denmark, a diagnosis of meningococcal, pneumococcal, or Haemophilus influenzae meningitis in childhood was associated with lower educational achievement and economic self-sufficiency in adult life, according to a study in the April 24 issue of JAMA. (redorbit.com)
  • Casper Roed, M.D., of Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark, and colleagues conducted a study to estimate educational achievement and economic self-sufficiency among children surviving bacterial meningitis compared with the general population. (redorbit.com)
  • Siblings of meningococcal meningitis patients also had lower educational achievements, while educational achievements of siblings of pneumococcal and H influenzae meningitis patients did not differ substantially from those in the general population," the researchers write. (redorbit.com)
  • These findings suggest that the association with lower educational achievement and economic self-sufficiency in adult life may apply particularly to pneumococcal and H influenzae meningitis, whereas for meningococcal meningitis the lower educational achievement may be family related. (redorbit.com)
  • Game: X-Men Origins: Wolverine System: PS3/Xbox 360 Rated: Mature Genre: Action Adventure By: NineInchNails --------------------------------------------------------------------- This an achievement guide for X-Men: Origins Wolverine. (gamesradar.com)