Acetobacterium: A genus of gram-negative bacteria in the family Eubacteriaceae. Species are homoacetogenic, having the ability to use CARBON DIOXIDE as an electron sink, and to reduce it producing acetate as a typical fermentation product.Gram-Positive Rods: A large group of rod-shaped bacteria that retains the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.Oxidoreductases, O-Demethylating: Drug metabolizing enzymes which oxidize methyl ethers. Usually found in liver microsomes.Acetobacter: A species of gram-negative bacteria of the family ACETOBACTERACEAE found in FLOWERS and FRUIT. Cells are ellipsoidal to rod-shaped and straight or slightly curved.Eubacterium: A genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria found in cavities of man and animals, animal and plant products, infections of soft tissue, and soil. Some species may be pathogenic. No endospores are produced. The genus Eubacterium should not be confused with EUBACTERIA, one of the three domains of life.Gram-Positive Asporogenous Rods: A gram-positive, non-spore-forming group of bacteria comprising organisms that have morphological and physiological characteristics in common.Caffeic Acids: A class of phenolic acids related to chlorogenic acid, p-coumaric acid, vanillic acid, etc., which are found in plant tissues. It is involved in plant growth regulation.Vanillic Acid: A flavoring agent. It is the intermediate product in the two-step bioconversion of ferulic acid to vanillin. (J Biotechnol 1996;50(2-3):107-13).Carbonic Acid: Carbonic acid (H2C03). The hypothetical acid of carbon dioxide and water. It exists only in the form of its salts (carbonates), acid salts (hydrogen carbonates), amines (carbamic acid), and acid chlorides (carbonyl chloride). (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Hydrogen: The first chemical element in the periodic table. It has the atomic symbol H, atomic number 1, and atomic weight [1.00784; 1.00811]. It exists, under normal conditions, as a colorless, odorless, tasteless, diatomic gas. Hydrogen ions are PROTONS. Besides the common H1 isotope, hydrogen exists as the stable isotope DEUTERIUM and the unstable, radioactive isotope TRITIUM.Acetates: Derivatives of ACETIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxymethane structure.Gram-Positive Bacteria: Bacteria which retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.Proton-Translocating ATPases: Multisubunit enzymes that reversibly synthesize ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE. They are coupled to the transport of protons across a membrane.Sodium: A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
(1/15) Regulation of caffeate respiration in the acetogenic bacterium Acetobacterium woodii.

The anaerobic acetogenic bacterium Acetobacterium woodii can conserve energy by oxidation of various substrates coupled to either carbonate or caffeate respiration. We used a cell suspension system to study the regulation and kinetics of induction of caffeate respiration. After addition of caffeate to suspensions of fructose-grown cells, there was a lag phase of about 90 min before caffeate reduction commenced. However, in the presence of tetracycline caffeate was not reduced, indicating that de novo protein synthesis is required for the ability to respire caffeate. Induction also took place in the presence of CO(2), and once a culture was induced, caffeate and CO(2) were used simultaneously as electron acceptors. Induction of caffeate reduction was also observed with H(2) plus CO(2) as the substrate, but the lag phase was much longer. Again, caffeate and CO(2) were used simultaneously as electron acceptors. In contrast, during oxidation of methyl groups derived from methanol or betaine, acetogenesis was the preferred energy-conserving pathway, and caffeate reduction started only after acetogenesis was completed. The differential flow of reductants was also observed with suspensions of resting cells in which caffeate reduction was induced prior to harvest of the cells. These cell suspensions utilized caffeate and CO(2) simultaneously with fructose or hydrogen as electron donors, but CO(2) was preferred over caffeate during methyl group oxidation. Caffeate-induced resting cells could reduce caffeate and also p-coumarate or ferulate with hydrogen as the electron donor. p-Coumarate or ferulate also served as an inducer for caffeate reduction. Interestingly, caffeate-induced cells reduced ferulate in the absence of an external reductant, indicating that caffeate also induces the enzymes required for oxidation of the methyl group of ferulate.  (+info)

(2/15) Dissection of the caffeate respiratory chain in the acetogen Acetobacterium woodii: identification of an Rnf-type NADH dehydrogenase as a potential coupling site.

The anaerobic acetogenic bacterium Acetobacterium woodii couples caffeate reduction with electrons derived from hydrogen to the synthesis of ATP by a chemiosmotic mechanism with sodium ions as coupling ions, a process referred to as caffeate respiration. We addressed the nature of the hitherto unknown enzymatic activities involved in this process and their cellular localization. Cell extract of A. woodii catalyzes H(2)-dependent caffeate reduction. This reaction is strictly ATP dependent but can be activated also by acetyl coenzyme A (CoA), indicating that there is formation of caffeyl-CoA prior to reduction. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis revealed proteins present only in caffeate-grown cells. Two proteins were identified by electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry, and the encoding genes were cloned. These proteins are very similar to subunits alpha (EtfA) and beta (EtfB) of electron transfer flavoproteins present in various anaerobic bacteria. Western blot analysis demonstrated that they are induced by caffeate and localized in the cytoplasm. Etf proteins are known electron carriers that shuttle electrons from NADH to different acceptors. Indeed, NADH was used as an electron donor for cytosolic caffeate reduction. Since the hydrogenase was soluble and used ferredoxin as an electron acceptor, the missing link was a ferredoxin:NAD(+) oxidoreductase. This activity could be determined and, interestingly, was membrane bound. A search for genes that could encode this activity revealed DNA fragments encoding subunits C and D of a membrane-bound Rnf-type NADH dehydrogenase that is a potential Na(+) pump. These data suggest the following electron transport chain: H(2) --> ferredoxin --> NAD(+) --> Etf --> caffeyl-CoA reductase. They also imply that the sodium motive step in the chain is the ferredoxin-dependent NAD(+) reduction catalyzed by Rnf.  (+info)

(3/15) The ether-cleaving methyltransferase system of the strict anaerobe Acetobacterium dehalogenans: analysis and expression of the encoding genes.

 (+info)

(4/15) The ins and outs of Na(+) bioenergetics in Acetobacterium woodii.

 (+info)

(5/15) Characterization of a Dehalobacter coculture that dechlorinates 1,2-dichloroethane to ethene and identification of the putative reductive dehalogenase gene.

 (+info)

(6/15) Bacterial Na+-translocating ferredoxin:NAD+ oxidoreductase.

 (+info)

(7/15) A caffeyl-coenzyme A synthetase initiates caffeate activation prior to caffeate reduction in the acetogenic bacterium Acetobacterium woodii.

 (+info)

(8/15) A Na+-translocating pyrophosphatase in the acetogenic bacterium Acetobacterium woodii.

 (+info)

*  Acetobacterium
The type species of this genus is Acetobacterium woodii. The name, Acetobacterium, has originated because they are acetogens, ... However, the Acetobacterium can use other electron acceptors like caffeate. To use caffeate as an electron acceptor the ... One application of Acetobacterium, is that A.woodii could be used in the transformation of tetrachloromethane to ... Acetobacterium is a genus of anaerobic, Gram-positive bacteria that belong to the Eubacteriaceae family. ...
*  Acetobacterium carbinolicum
LPSN Acetobacterium carbinolicum at the Encyclopedia of Life Type strain of Acetobacterium carbinolicum at BacDive - the ... Parte, A.C. "Acetobacterium". Www.bacterio.net. Eichler, Barbara; Schink, Bernhard (1984). "Oxidation of primary aliphatic ... Acetobacterium carbinolicum is a homoacetogenic anaerobe bacteria that oxidises primary aliphatic alcohols. ... "Characterization of the psychrotolerant acetogen strain SyrA5 and the emended description of the species Acetobacterium ...
*  Acidophile
Menzel, U.; Gottschalk, G. (1985). "The internal pH of Acetobacterium wieringae and Acetobacter aceti during growth and ...
*  Acidogenesis
Complete degradation of carbohydrates to CO2 and methane by syntrophic cultures of Acetobacterium woodii y Methanosarcina ...
*  Syntrophy
These scavengers, like Methanospirillum and Acetobacterium, metabolize the H2 waste produced during amino acid breakdown, ...
*  Na+-transporting two-sector ATPase
Rahlfs S, Muller V (1997). "Sequence of subunit c of the Na(+)-translocating F1F0 ATPase of Acetobacterium woodii: proposal for ...
*  Acetogen
Acetobacterium woodii utilize hydrogen gas and CO2 to make the acetate that is used as carbon source for many of the Sulfate- ...
*  Firmicutes
... order Lactobacillales Lactobacillus Leuconostoc Clostridia Acetobacterium Clostridium Eubacterium Heliobacteria Heliospirillum ...
*  Vitamin B12
Acetobacterium, Aerobacter, Agrobacterium, Alcaligenes, Azotobacter, Bacillus, Clostridium, Corynebacterium, Flavobacterium, ...
*  List of MeSH codes (B03)
Acetobacterium MeSH B03.510.460.400.400.049 --- Actinobacteria MeSH B03.510.460.400.400.049.049 --- actinomycetaceae MeSH ...
Single-carbon catabolism in acetogens: analysis of carbon flow in Acetobacterium woodii and Butyribacterium methylotrophicum by...  Single-carbon catabolism in acetogens: analysis of carbon flow in Acetobacterium woodii and Butyribacterium methylotrophicum by...
Single-carbon catabolism in acetogens: analysis of carbon flow in Acetobacterium woodii and Butyribacterium methylotrophicum by ... methylotrophicum or Acetobacterium woodii was grown in the presence of a second one-carbon substrate indicated two trends: when ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Single-carbon-catabolism-in-acetogens/6411684.html
A Tetrahydrofolate-Dependent O-Demethylase, LigM, Is Crucial for Catabolism of Vanillate and Syringate in Sphingomonas...  A Tetrahydrofolate-Dependent O-Demethylase, LigM, Is Crucial for Catabolism of Vanillate and Syringate in Sphingomonas...
"Acetobacterium dehalogenans" (13), Acetobacterium woodii (2), and Moorella thermoacetica (18). In the vanillate degradation ... O-Demethylase from Acetobacterium dehalogenans substrate specificity and function of the participating proteins. Eur. J. ...
more infohttp://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC1064056/?lang=en-ca
Acetobacterium - Wikipedia  Acetobacterium - Wikipedia
The type species of this genus is Acetobacterium woodii. The name, Acetobacterium, has originated because they are acetogens, ... However, the Acetobacterium can use other electron acceptors like caffeate. To use caffeate as an electron acceptor the ... One application of Acetobacterium, is that A.woodii could be used in the transformation of tetrachloromethane to ... Acetobacterium is a genus of anaerobic, Gram-positive bacteria that belong to the Eubacteriaceae family. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acetobacterium
Acetobacterium carbinolicum - Wikipedia  Acetobacterium carbinolicum - Wikipedia
LPSN Acetobacterium carbinolicum at the Encyclopedia of Life Type strain of Acetobacterium carbinolicum at BacDive - the ... Parte, A.C. "Acetobacterium". Www.bacterio.net. Eichler, Barbara; Schink, Bernhard (1984). "Oxidation of primary aliphatic ... Acetobacterium carbinolicum is a homoacetogenic anaerobe bacteria that oxidises primary aliphatic alcohols. ... "Characterization of the psychrotolerant acetogen strain SyrA5 and the emended description of the species Acetobacterium ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acetobacterium_carbinolicum
Acetobacterium bakii  Acetobacterium bakii
"Draft genome sequence of Acetobacterium bakii DSM 8293, a potential psychrophilic chemical producer through syngas fermentation ...
more infohttp://www.uniprot.org/proteomes/UP000036873
Fermentation of methoxyacetate to glycolate and acetate by newly isolated strains of Acetobacterium sp.  Fermentation of methoxyacetate to glycolate and acetate by newly isolated strains of Acetobacterium sp.
... * Home ... Fermentation of methoxyacetate to glycolate and acetate by newly isolated strains of Acetobacterium sp.. Publikationstyp:. ... Fermentation of methoxyacetate to glycolate and acetate by newly isolated strains of Acetobacterium sp.. In: Archives of ... Fermentation_of_methoxyacetate_to_glycolate_and_acetate_by_newly_isolated_strains_of_acetobacterium_sp_1990.pdf. 168. ...
more infohttps://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/8699
Mechanism of anaerobic ether cleavage : conversion of 2-phenoxyethanol to phenol and acetaldehyde by Acetobacterium sp.  Mechanism of anaerobic ether cleavage : conversion of 2-phenoxyethanol to phenol and acetaldehyde by Acetobacterium sp.
... * Home ... Mechanism of anaerobic ether cleavage : conversion of 2-phenoxyethanol to phenol and acetaldehyde by Acetobacterium sp.. ... Mechanism of anaerobic ether cleavage : conversion of 2-phenoxyethanol to phenol and acetaldehyde by Acetobacterium sp.. In: ... 2-Phenoxyethanol is converted into phenol and acetate by a strictly anaerobic Gram-positive bacterium Acetobacterium strain ...
more infohttps://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/7470
Extremophiles Page 1  Extremophiles Page 1
Acetobacterium tundrae Simankova et al. (ATCC® BAA-996™) ATCC® Number: BAA-996™ Strain Designations: Z-4493 [DSM 9173] ...
more infohttps://www.atcc.org/en/Products/Cells_and_Microorganisms/Bacteria/Extremophiles.aspx?dsNav=Ro:0,Up:Page_Product_Listing&slp=1
Extremophiles Page 1  Extremophiles Page 1
Acetobacterium tundrae Simankova et al. (ATCC® BAA-996™) ATCC® Number: BAA-996™ Strain Designations: Z-4493 [DSM 9173] ...
more infohttps://www.atcc.org/en/Products/Cells_and_Microorganisms/Bacteria/Extremophiles.aspx?dsNav=Ro:0&slp=1
Patent US5882882 - Gel matrix with redox purple for testing and characterizing microorganisms - Google Patents  Patent US5882882 - Gel matrix with redox purple for testing and characterizing microorganisms - Google Patents
Acetobacterium, Butyrvibrio, and Thermoanaerobacter). The following table lists the organisms included in the suprageneric ...
more infohttp://www.google.com/patents/US5882882?dq=645576
Journal of The Royal Society Interface  Journal of The Royal Society Interface
2011 Reaction engineering analysis of hydrogenotrophic production of acetic acid by Acetobacterium woodii. Biotechnol. Bioeng. ... autotrophic growth is 7.4 g of acetate per litre per day at a partial hydrogen pressure of 1700 mbar with Acetobacterium woodii ...
more infohttp://rsif.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/12/102/20140715.full
Prokaryota - Wikispecies  Prokaryota - Wikispecies
Chadefaud, M. & Emberger, L. (eds.). 1960. Traité de botanique systématique. Masson et Cie., Paris. Tome I. Les végétaux non vasculaires (Cryptogamie), par M. Chadefaud, 1960, 1 vol. de 1016 pages, [7]. Tome II. Les végétaux vasculaires, par L. Emberger, 1960, deux fascicules, 1540 pages, [8], [9]. Monde vivant ...
more infohttps://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Prokaryota
Energetics and Application of Heterotrophy in Acetogenic Bacteria | Applied and Environmental Microbiology  Energetics and Application of Heterotrophy in Acetogenic Bacteria | Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Acetobacterium tundrae sp. nov., a new psychrophilic acetogenic bacterium from tundra soil. Arch Microbiol 174:440-447. doi: ... The ins and outs of Na+ bioenergetics in Acetobacterium woodii. Biochim Biophys Acta 1787:691-696. doi:10.1016/j.bbabio.2008.12 ... Acetobacterium, a new genus of hydrogen-oxidizing, carbon dioxide-reducing, anaerobic bacteria. Int J Syst Bacteriol 27:355-361 ... ATP formation coupled to caffeate reduction by H2 in Acetobacterium woodii NZva16. Arch Microbiol 150:447-451. doi:10.1007/ ...
more infohttps://aem.asm.org/content/82/14/4056.full
DSMZ: Catalogue Microorganisms  DSMZ: Catalogue Microorganisms
Acetobacterium tundrae. DSM-9173. Acetobacterium tundrae. Acetobacterium wieringae. DSM-1911. Acetobacterium wieringae. ATCC ... Acetobacterium woodii. DSM-1030. Acetobacterium woodii. ATCC 29683, JCM 2381. Acetobacteroides hydrogenigenes. DSM-24657. ... Acetobacterium malicum. Acetobacterium paludosum. DSM-8237. Acetobacterium paludosum. Acetobacterium sp.. DSM-2396. ... Acetobacterium sp.. DSM-5193. Acetobacterium sp.. Acetobacterium sp.. DSM-8909. Acetobacterium sp.. ...
more infohttps://www.dsmz.de/catalogues/catalogue-microorganisms.html?tx_dsmzresources_pi3%5Bpage%5D=3&cHash=032169b5bbce485a9d9cb25de3451c6e
Poehlein A[au] - PubMed - NCBI  Poehlein A[au] - PubMed - NCBI
Methanol metabolism in the acetogenic bacterium Acetobacterium woodii.. Kremp F, Poehlein A, Daniel R, Müller V. ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?cmd=search&term=Poehlein+A%5Bau%5D&dispmax=50
Aggregation of sulphate-reducing bacteria and homo-acetogenic bacteria in a lab-scale gas-lift reactor | Water Science and...  Aggregation of sulphate-reducing bacteria and homo-acetogenic bacteria in a lab-scale gas-lift reactor | Water Science and...
and Acetobacterium sp.. Our experiments with H2/CO2 showed that aggregates with pumice particles, i.e. biofilms, as well as ... Presence of CO also led to formation of a layered biomass structure in which the Acetobacterium sp. were more at the outside of ...
more infohttps://iwaponline.com/wst/article/32/8/85/4801/Aggregation-of-sulphate-reducing-bacteria-and-homo
TCDB » SEARCH  TCDB » SEARCH
Acetobacterium woodii [33952] Number of TMSs:. 4. Substrate. cations Cross database links:. ...
more infohttp://www.tcdb.org/search/result.php?tc=1.A.77.3.17
Energy Conservation Associated with Ethanol Formation from H2 and CO2 in Clostridium autoethanogenum Involving Electron...  Energy Conservation Associated with Ethanol Formation from H2 and CO2 in Clostridium autoethanogenum Involving Electron...
Acetobacterium, a new genus of hydrogen-oxidizing, carbon dioxide-reducing, anaerobic bacteria. Int J Syst Bacteriol 27:355-361 ... Energy metabolism of Acetobacterium woodii growing on H2 and CO2 at pH 7. (A) Metabolic scheme showing how acetic acid is ... The internal pH of Acetobacterium wieringae and Acetobacter aceti during growth and production of acetic acid. Arch Microbiol ... The ferredoxin: NAD+ oxidoreductase (Rnf) from the acetogen Acetobacterium woodii requires Na+ and is reversibly coupled to the ...
more infohttps://jb.asm.org/content/197/18/2965
Enumeration of bacteria forming acetate from H2 and CO2 in anaerobic habitats | SpringerLink  Enumeration of bacteria forming acetate from H2 and CO2 in anaerobic habitats | SpringerLink
Formation of acetate by cell extracts of Acetobacterium woodii. Arch. Microbiol. 114, 143-148 (1977)Google Scholar ... Balch, W. E., Schoberth, S., Tanner, R. S., Wolfe, R. S.: Acetobacterium, a new genus of hydrogen-oxidizing, carbon-dioxide- ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00423066
  • Our research suggests that Clostridium species are involved with the breakdown of coal and Acetobacterium species are able to utilize substrates produced by the coal degradation. (montana.edu)
  • The work Anaerobic biodegradation of hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) by Acetobacterium malicum strain HAAP-1 isolated from methanogenic mixed culture represents a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in Engineer Research and Development Center Library . (library.link)