A genus of gram-negative bacteria in the family Eubacteriaceae. Species are homoacetogenic, having the ability to use CARBON DIOXIDE as an electron sink, and to reduce it producing acetate as a typical fermentation product.
A large group of rod-shaped bacteria that retains the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.
Drug metabolizing enzymes which oxidize methyl ethers. Usually found in liver microsomes.
A species of gram-negative bacteria of the family ACETOBACTERACEAE found in FLOWERS and FRUIT. Cells are ellipsoidal to rod-shaped and straight or slightly curved.
A genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria found in cavities of man and animals, animal and plant products, infections of soft tissue, and soil. Some species may be pathogenic. No endospores are produced. The genus Eubacterium should not be confused with EUBACTERIA, one of the three domains of life.
A gram-positive, non-spore-forming group of bacteria comprising organisms that have morphological and physiological characteristics in common.
A class of phenolic acids related to chlorogenic acid, p-coumaric acid, vanillic acid, etc., which are found in plant tissues. It is involved in plant growth regulation.
A flavoring agent. It is the intermediate product in the two-step bioconversion of ferulic acid to vanillin. (J Biotechnol 1996;50(2-3):107-13).
Carbonic acid (H2C03). The hypothetical acid of carbon dioxide and water. It exists only in the form of its salts (carbonates), acid salts (hydrogen carbonates), amines (carbamic acid), and acid chlorides (carbonyl chloride). (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The first chemical element in the periodic table. It has the atomic symbol H, atomic number 1, and atomic weight [1.00784; 1.00811]. It exists, under normal conditions, as a colorless, odorless, tasteless, diatomic gas. Hydrogen ions are PROTONS. Besides the common H1 isotope, hydrogen exists as the stable isotope DEUTERIUM and the unstable, radioactive isotope TRITIUM.
Derivatives of ACETIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxymethane structure.
Bacteria which retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.
Multisubunit enzymes that reversibly synthesize ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE. They are coupled to the transport of protons across a membrane.
A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.

Regulation of caffeate respiration in the acetogenic bacterium Acetobacterium woodii. (1/15)

The anaerobic acetogenic bacterium Acetobacterium woodii can conserve energy by oxidation of various substrates coupled to either carbonate or caffeate respiration. We used a cell suspension system to study the regulation and kinetics of induction of caffeate respiration. After addition of caffeate to suspensions of fructose-grown cells, there was a lag phase of about 90 min before caffeate reduction commenced. However, in the presence of tetracycline caffeate was not reduced, indicating that de novo protein synthesis is required for the ability to respire caffeate. Induction also took place in the presence of CO(2), and once a culture was induced, caffeate and CO(2) were used simultaneously as electron acceptors. Induction of caffeate reduction was also observed with H(2) plus CO(2) as the substrate, but the lag phase was much longer. Again, caffeate and CO(2) were used simultaneously as electron acceptors. In contrast, during oxidation of methyl groups derived from methanol or betaine, acetogenesis was the preferred energy-conserving pathway, and caffeate reduction started only after acetogenesis was completed. The differential flow of reductants was also observed with suspensions of resting cells in which caffeate reduction was induced prior to harvest of the cells. These cell suspensions utilized caffeate and CO(2) simultaneously with fructose or hydrogen as electron donors, but CO(2) was preferred over caffeate during methyl group oxidation. Caffeate-induced resting cells could reduce caffeate and also p-coumarate or ferulate with hydrogen as the electron donor. p-Coumarate or ferulate also served as an inducer for caffeate reduction. Interestingly, caffeate-induced cells reduced ferulate in the absence of an external reductant, indicating that caffeate also induces the enzymes required for oxidation of the methyl group of ferulate.  (+info)

Dissection of the caffeate respiratory chain in the acetogen Acetobacterium woodii: identification of an Rnf-type NADH dehydrogenase as a potential coupling site. (2/15)

The anaerobic acetogenic bacterium Acetobacterium woodii couples caffeate reduction with electrons derived from hydrogen to the synthesis of ATP by a chemiosmotic mechanism with sodium ions as coupling ions, a process referred to as caffeate respiration. We addressed the nature of the hitherto unknown enzymatic activities involved in this process and their cellular localization. Cell extract of A. woodii catalyzes H(2)-dependent caffeate reduction. This reaction is strictly ATP dependent but can be activated also by acetyl coenzyme A (CoA), indicating that there is formation of caffeyl-CoA prior to reduction. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis revealed proteins present only in caffeate-grown cells. Two proteins were identified by electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry, and the encoding genes were cloned. These proteins are very similar to subunits alpha (EtfA) and beta (EtfB) of electron transfer flavoproteins present in various anaerobic bacteria. Western blot analysis demonstrated that they are induced by caffeate and localized in the cytoplasm. Etf proteins are known electron carriers that shuttle electrons from NADH to different acceptors. Indeed, NADH was used as an electron donor for cytosolic caffeate reduction. Since the hydrogenase was soluble and used ferredoxin as an electron acceptor, the missing link was a ferredoxin:NAD(+) oxidoreductase. This activity could be determined and, interestingly, was membrane bound. A search for genes that could encode this activity revealed DNA fragments encoding subunits C and D of a membrane-bound Rnf-type NADH dehydrogenase that is a potential Na(+) pump. These data suggest the following electron transport chain: H(2) --> ferredoxin --> NAD(+) --> Etf --> caffeyl-CoA reductase. They also imply that the sodium motive step in the chain is the ferredoxin-dependent NAD(+) reduction catalyzed by Rnf.  (+info)

The ether-cleaving methyltransferase system of the strict anaerobe Acetobacterium dehalogenans: analysis and expression of the encoding genes. (3/15)

 (+info)

The ins and outs of Na(+) bioenergetics in Acetobacterium woodii. (4/15)

 (+info)

Characterization of a Dehalobacter coculture that dechlorinates 1,2-dichloroethane to ethene and identification of the putative reductive dehalogenase gene. (5/15)

 (+info)

Bacterial Na+-translocating ferredoxin:NAD+ oxidoreductase. (6/15)

 (+info)

A caffeyl-coenzyme A synthetase initiates caffeate activation prior to caffeate reduction in the acetogenic bacterium Acetobacterium woodii. (7/15)

 (+info)

A Na+-translocating pyrophosphatase in the acetogenic bacterium Acetobacterium woodii. (8/15)

 (+info)

'Acetobacterium' is a genus of bacteria that belongs to the family Acetobacteriaceae. These bacteria are known for their ability to oxidize ethanol into acetic acid, which is why they are often found in environments where alcoholic beverages or sugary substances are present. They are typically rod-shaped and can be either motile or non-motile. 'Acetobacterium' species are strict anaerobes, meaning that they cannot tolerate the presence of oxygen. They play a role in various industrial processes, including the production of vinegar and the bioremediation of waste materials.

'Gram-positive rods' is a term used in microbiology, which refers to the shape and gram staining characteristics of certain bacteria.

Gram staining is a method used to classify and differentiate bacterial species based on their cell wall composition. In this process, a crystal violet stain is first applied, followed by an iodine solution, which forms a complex with the peptidoglycan in the cell walls of bacteria. After that, a decolorizer (such as alcohol or acetone) is added to wash out the dye from the cells with less complex cell walls. Finally, a counterstain (commonly safranin) is applied, which stains the decolorized cells pink.

Gram-positive bacteria retain the crystal violet stain due to their thick layer of peptidoglycan and teichoic acids in the cell wall, making them appear purple under a microscope. Rod-shaped (bacilli) gram-positive bacteria are classified as 'Gram-positive rods.' Examples of Gram-positive rods include species from the genera Bacillus, Listeria, Corynebacterium, and Clostridium.

It is important to note that the gram staining result is just one characteristic used to classify bacteria, and further tests are often required for a definitive identification of bacterial species.

Oxidoreductases, O-demethylating are enzymes that belong to the larger family of oxidoreductases. Specifically, they are involved in catalyzing the removal of methyl groups (-CH3) from various substrates through oxidation reactions. This process is known as O-demethylation.

These enzymes play a crucial role in the metabolism of xenobiotics (foreign substances) such as drugs, toxins, and carcinogens. They help convert these substances into more water-soluble forms, which can then be easily excreted from the body. O-demethylating oxidoreductases are often found in the liver, where they contribute to the detoxification of xenobiotics.

The reaction catalyzed by these enzymes involves the transfer of a hydrogen atom and the addition of an oxygen atom to the methyl group, resulting in the formation of formaldehyde (-CH2O) and a demethylated product. The cytochrome P450 family of enzymes is one example of O-demethylating oxidoreductases.

'Acetobacter' is a genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that are commonly found in various environments such as soil, water, and plant surfaces. They are known for their ability to oxidize alcohols to aldehydes and then to carboxylic acids, particularly the oxidation of ethanol to acetic acid. This property makes them important in the production of vinegar and other fermented foods. Some species of Acetobacter can also cause food spoilage and may be associated with certain human infections, although they are not considered primary human pathogens.

"Eubacterium" is a genus of Gram-positive, obligately anaerobic, non-sporeforming bacteria that are commonly found in the human gastrointestinal tract. These bacteria are typically rod-shaped and can be either straight or curved. They play an important role in the breakdown of complex carbohydrates and the production of short-chain fatty acids in the gut, which are beneficial for host health. Some species of Eubacterium have also been shown to have probiotic properties and may provide health benefits when consumed in appropriate quantities. However, other species can be opportunistic pathogens and cause infections under certain circumstances.

"Gram-positive asporegenous rods" is a term used to describe a specific shape and staining characteristic of certain types of bacteria. Here's the medical definition:

Gram-positive: These are bacteria that appear purple or violet when subjected to a Gram stain, a laboratory technique used to classify bacteria based on their cell wall structure. In this method, a primary stain (crystal violet) is applied, followed by a mordant (a substance that helps the dye bind to the bacterial cell). Then, a decolorizer (alcohol or acetone) is used to wash away the primary stain from the Gram-negative bacteria, leaving them unstained. A counterstain (safranin or fuchsin) is then applied, which stains the decolorized Gram-negative bacteria pink or red. However, Gram-positive bacteria retain the primary stain and appear purple or violet.

Asporegenous: These are bacteria that do not form spores under any conditions. Spores are a dormant, tough, and highly resistant form of bacterial cells that can survive extreme environmental conditions. Asporegenous bacteria lack this ability to form spores.

Rods: This term refers to the shape of the bacteria. Rod-shaped bacteria are also known as bacilli. They are longer than they are wide, and their size may vary from 0.5 to several micrometers in length and about 0.2 to 1.0 micrometer in width.

Examples of Gram-positive asporegenous rods include species from the genera Listeria, Corynebacterium, and Bacillus (some strains). These bacteria can cause various diseases, ranging from foodborne illnesses to severe skin and respiratory infections.

Caffeic acids are a type of phenolic compounds that contain a catechol structure and a carboxylic acid group. They are found in various plants, including coffee, tea, fruits, and vegetables. The most common caffeic acid is caffeic acid itself, which is abundant in coffee. Caffeic acids have been studied for their potential health benefits, such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer activities. However, more research is needed to fully understand their effects on human health.

Vanillic Acid is not a medical term, but it is a chemical compound with the name 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoic acid. It is a type of phenolic acid that occurs naturally in some foods and plants, including vanilla beans, pineapples, and certain types of mushrooms.

Vanillic Acid has been studied for its potential antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective properties. However, it is not considered a medication or a medical treatment and does not have a specific medical definition.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Hydrogen" is not a medical term. It is a chemical element with the symbol H and atomic number 1. It is the lightest and most abundant chemical element in the universe, making up about 75% of its elemental mass.

In a medical context, hydrogen can be discussed in terms of molecular hydrogen (H2) which has been studied for potential therapeutic benefits. Some research explores its use as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent, but more studies are needed to confirm these effects and understand the mechanisms behind them.

Acetates, in a medical context, most commonly refer to compounds that contain the acetate group, which is an functional group consisting of a carbon atom bonded to two hydrogen atoms and an oxygen atom (-COO-). An example of an acetate is sodium acetate (CH3COONa), which is a salt formed from acetic acid (CH3COOH) and is often used as a buffering agent in medical solutions.

Acetates can also refer to a group of medications that contain acetate as an active ingredient, such as magnesium acetate, which is used as a laxative, or calcium acetate, which is used to treat high levels of phosphate in the blood.

In addition, acetates can also refer to a process called acetylation, which is the addition of an acetyl group (-COCH3) to a molecule. This process can be important in the metabolism and regulation of various substances within the body.

Gram-positive bacteria are a type of bacteria that stain dark purple or blue when subjected to the Gram staining method, which is a common technique used in microbiology to classify and identify different types of bacteria based on their structural differences. This staining method was developed by Hans Christian Gram in 1884.

The key characteristic that distinguishes Gram-positive bacteria from other types, such as Gram-negative bacteria, is the presence of a thick layer of peptidoglycan in their cell walls, which retains the crystal violet stain used in the Gram staining process. Additionally, Gram-positive bacteria lack an outer membrane found in Gram-negative bacteria.

Examples of Gram-positive bacteria include Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, and Bacillus subtilis. Some Gram-positive bacteria can cause various human diseases, while others are beneficial or harmless.

Proton-translocating ATPases are complex, multi-subunit enzymes found in the membranes of many organisms, from bacteria to humans. They play a crucial role in energy transduction processes within cells.

In simpler terms, these enzymes help convert chemical energy into a form that can be used to perform mechanical work, such as moving molecules across membranes against their concentration gradients. This is achieved through a process called chemiosmosis, where the movement of ions (in this case, protons or hydrogen ions) down their electrochemical gradient drives the synthesis of ATP, an essential energy currency for cellular functions.

Proton-translocating ATPases consist of two main domains: a catalytic domain responsible for ATP binding and hydrolysis, and a membrane domain that contains the ion transport channel. The enzyme operates in either direction depending on the energy status of the cell: it can use ATP to pump protons out of the cell when there's an excess of chemical energy or utilize the proton gradient to generate ATP during times of energy deficit.

These enzymes are essential for various biological processes, including nutrient uptake, pH regulation, and maintaining ion homeostasis across membranes. In humans, they are primarily located in the inner mitochondrial membrane (forming the F0F1-ATP synthase) and plasma membranes of certain cells (as V-type ATPases). Dysfunction of these enzymes has been linked to several diseases, including neurological disorders and cancer.

Sodium is an essential mineral and electrolyte that is necessary for human health. In a medical context, sodium is often discussed in terms of its concentration in the blood, as measured by serum sodium levels. The normal range for serum sodium is typically between 135 and 145 milliequivalents per liter (mEq/L).

Sodium plays a number of important roles in the body, including:

* Regulating fluid balance: Sodium helps to regulate the amount of water in and around your cells, which is important for maintaining normal blood pressure and preventing dehydration.
* Facilitating nerve impulse transmission: Sodium is involved in the generation and transmission of electrical signals in the nervous system, which is necessary for proper muscle function and coordination.
* Assisting with muscle contraction: Sodium helps to regulate muscle contractions by interacting with other minerals such as calcium and potassium.

Low sodium levels (hyponatremia) can cause symptoms such as confusion, seizures, and coma, while high sodium levels (hypernatremia) can lead to symptoms such as weakness, muscle cramps, and seizures. Both conditions require medical treatment to correct.

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a colorless, odorless gas that is naturally present in the Earth's atmosphere. It is a normal byproduct of cellular respiration in humans, animals, and plants, and is also produced through the combustion of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas.

In medical terms, carbon dioxide is often used as a respiratory stimulant and to maintain the pH balance of blood. It is also used during certain medical procedures, such as laparoscopic surgery, to insufflate (inflate) the abdominal cavity and create a working space for the surgeon.

Elevated levels of carbon dioxide in the body can lead to respiratory acidosis, a condition characterized by an increased concentration of carbon dioxide in the blood and a decrease in pH. This can occur in conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, or other lung diseases that impair breathing and gas exchange. Symptoms of respiratory acidosis may include shortness of breath, confusion, headache, and in severe cases, coma or death.

The type species of this genus is Acetobacterium woodii. The name, Acetobacterium, has originated because they are acetogens, ... However, the Acetobacterium can use other electron acceptors like caffeate. To use caffeate as an electron acceptor the ... One application of Acetobacterium, is that A. woodii could be used in the transformation of tetrachloromethane to ... Acetobacterium is a genus of anaerobic, Gram-positive bacteria that belong to the Eubacteriaceae family. ...
"Acetobacterium carbinolicum" at the Encyclopedia of Life Type strain of Acetobacterium carbinolicum at BacDive - the Bacterial ... "Acetobacterium". LPSN. Eichler, Barbara; Schink, Bernhard (1984). "Oxidation of primary aliphatic alcohols by Acetobacterium ... Acetobacterium carbinolicum entry in LPSN; Euzéby, J.P. (1997). "List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature: a ... Acetobacterium carbinolicum is a homoacetogenic, strictly anaerobic bacterium that oxidises primary aliphatic alcohols. These ...
Menzel, U.; Gottschalk, G. (1985). "The internal pH of Acetobacterium wieringae and Acetobacter aceti during growth and ...
Complete degradation of carbohydrates to CO2 and methane by syntrophic cultures of Acetobacterium woodii y Methanosarcina ...
These scavengers, like Methanospirillum and Acetobacterium, metabolize the H2 waste produced during amino acid breakdown, ...
Energy-Coupled Transhydrogenase Essential To Reversibly Link Cellular NADH and Ferredoxin Pools in the Acetogen Acetobacterium ...
Rahlfs S, Muller V (1997). "Sequence of subunit c of the Na(+)-translocating F1F0 ATPase of Acetobacterium woodii: proposal for ...
Species of anaerobic bacteria, including members of the genus Clostridium or Acetobacterium can convert sugars to acetic acid ...
Acetobacterium woodii utilize hydrogen gas and CO2 to make the acetate that is used as carbon source for many of the sulfate- ...
Acetobacterium, Aerobacter, Agrobacterium, Alcaligenes, Azotobacter, Bacillus, Clostridium, Corynebacterium, Flavobacterium, ...
Acetobacterium, Aerobacter, Agrobacterium, Alcaligenes, Azotobacter, Bacillus, Clostridium, Corynebacterium, Flavobacterium, ...
Acetobacterium MeSH B03.510.460.400.400.049 - Actinomycetota MeSH B03.510.460.400.400.049.049 - actinomycetaceae MeSH B03.510. ...
The type species of this genus is Acetobacterium woodii. The name, Acetobacterium, has originated because they are acetogens, ... However, the Acetobacterium can use other electron acceptors like caffeate. To use caffeate as an electron acceptor the ... One application of Acetobacterium, is that A. woodii could be used in the transformation of tetrachloromethane to ... Acetobacterium is a genus of anaerobic, Gram-positive bacteria that belong to the Eubacteriaceae family. ...
Siebert, A., Schubert, T., Engelmann, T., Studenik, S., and Diekert, G. (2005). Veratrol-O-demethylase of Acetobacterium ... The ether-cleaving methyltransferase system of the strict anaerobe Acetobacterium dehalogenans: analysis and expression of the ...
Members of the genera Acetobacterium, Desulfovibrio, Spirochaetes, Sedimentibacter, Pelosinus, and Geobacter synthesize ...
1997). Sequence of subunit c of the Na+-translocating F1F0 ATPase of Acetobacterium woodii: proposal for determinants of Na+ ... 1999). The Na+-F1F0-ATPase operon from Acetobacterium woodii operon structure and presence of multiole copies of atpE which ... 2013). Functional production of the Na+ F1F(O) ATP synthase from Acetobacterium woodii in Escherichia coli requires the native ... Some F-type ATPases such as the Na+-translocating ATPase of Acetobacterium woodii probably contains 3 dissimilar but homologous ...
Acetobacterium RSV_genus557 Bacteria;Firmicutes;Clostridia;Clostridiales;Eubacteriaceae;Anaerofustis RSV_genus558 Bacteria; ...
Novel synthetic buspar and ssri together co-culture of Acetobacterium woodii and Clostridium drakei using CO(2) and in space. ... Novel synthetic co-culture of Acetobacterium woodii and Clostridium drakei using CO(2) and in space. Despite the high ... One of the microalgal cells combined with other technologies, such as Acetobacterium or Clostridium, often used in fermentation ...
When I talk about bacteria, I am referring to both Bacteroides and anaerobes such as Acetobacterium (Candida) and E. coli. ...
Suppression of Acetobacterium, which can provide growth factors to Dehalococcoides, may have contributed to the decoupling for ... Pyrosequencing and qPCR showed suppression of the homoacetogenic genera Acetobacterium at the two highest pulsing rates, and it ...
i) Acetobacterium woodii endogenous CRISPR kit. All A. woodii vectors (HERE) contain the catP gene for chloramphenicol or ... Vectors needed for the genome engineering of Acetobacterium woodii and Clostridium autoethanogenum based on their endogenous ... Attempts at introducing vectors containing the Cas9-encoding gene into Acetobacterium woodii have previously been unsuccessful ... Endogenous CRISPR/Cas systems for genome engineering in the acetogens Acetobacterium woodii and Clostridium autoethanogenum. ...
Acetobacterium carbinolicum Eichler and Schink 1985 emend. Paarup et al. 2006. (Part 7) ...
Host Lineage: Acetobacterium woodii; Acetobacterium; Eubacteriaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria. General Information: ... Query: NC_016894:2809125:2822445 Acetobacterium woodii DSM 1030 chromosome, complete genome. Start: 2822445, End: 2823188, ... Acetobacterium woodii is a Gram positive, motile, strict anaerobic, acetogenic bacterium, that relies on Na+ as coupling ion in ...
Dive into the research topics of Enrichment of salt-tolerant CO2-fixing communities in microbial electrosynthesis systems using porous ceramic hollow tube wrapped with carbon cloth as cathode and for CO2 supply.. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Organisms such as Acetobacterium woodii have been shown to employ a sodium gradient as an energy conservation mechanism[7]. The ...
Autotrophic lactate production from H2 + CO2 using recombinant and fluorescent FAST-tagged Acetobacterium woodii strains. Mook ... Energy-Coupled Transhydrogenase Essential To Reversibly Link Cellular NADH and Ferredoxin Pools in the Acetogen Acetobacterium ...
Biological acetate production from carbon dioxide by Acetobacterium woodii and Clostridium ljungdahlii: The effect of cell ...
Acetobacterium woodii DSM 1030 chromosome, complete genome. lysyl-tRNA synthetase. NC_014378:131810:133563. NC_014378:131810. ...
HI..looking for acetobacterium strains.. jayakumar *I looking for info about resistance to heavy metals in Thiobacillus PCz *I ...
Acetobacterium woodii is a species of gas-fermenting bacteria. It is capable of absorbing CO2 from its environment and is known ...
Exactly the Clostridium as well as Acetobacterium had been obligate anaerobes. Simply no Archaea were enriched. It might be why ...
Anaerobic biodegradation of methyl esters by Acetobacterium woodii and Eubacterium limosum. J Ind Microbiol. 1994 Sep; 13(5): ...
Acetobacterium woodii (strain ATCC 29683 / DSM 1030 / JCM 2381 / KCTC 1655 / WB1) ...
Comment: Acetobacterium woodii uses an electron-bifurcating dehydrogenase (lctBCD) for growth on lactate. The Km for D-lactate ...
Comment: Acetobacterium woodii uses an electron-bifurcating dehydrogenase (lctBCD) for growth on lactate. The Km for D-lactate ...
Growth of the acetogenic bacterium Acetobacterium woodii by dismutation of acetaldehyde to acetate and ethanol. ...
Compared to the auxiliary information, such as Acetobacterium or Clostridium, often used in syntrophic fermentations. However, ...
The latter streamlines waste residues, such as Acetobacterium or Clostridium, often used in syntrophic fermentations. ...
  • The type species of this genus is Acetobacterium woodii. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other acetogens use the Wood-Ljungdahl pathway to reduce CO or CO2 and produce acetate, but what distinguishes A.woodii and other Acetobacterium from other acetogens is that it conserves energy by using an Rnf complex to create a sodium gradient rather than a proton gradient. (wikipedia.org)
  • One application of Acetobacterium, is that A. woodii could be used in the transformation of tetrachloromethane to dichloromethane and carbon dioxide by reductive dechlorinations, but the reactions taken to get to the final product are unknown. (wikipedia.org)
  • Attempts at introducing vectors containing the Cas9-encoding gene into Acetobacterium woodii have previously been unsuccessful, largely due to the presence of a restriction- modification system recognition site and the toxicity of the nuclease itself. (plasmidvectors.com)
  • Endogenous CRISPR/Cas systems for genome engineering in the acetogens Acetobacterium woodii and Clostridium autoethanogenum . (plasmidvectors.com)
  • General Information: Acetobacterium woodii is a Gram positive, motile, strict anaerobic, acetogenic bacterium, that relies on Na+ as coupling ion in bioenergetic reactions. (up.ac.za)
  • Autotrophic lactate production from H 2 + CO 2 using recombinant and fluorescent FAST-tagged Acetobacterium woodii strains. (bvsalud.org)
  • Acetobacterium woodii is a species of gas-fermenting bacteria. (engicoin.eu)
  • Anaerobic biodegradation of methyl esters by Acetobacterium woodii and Eubacterium limosum. (ouhsc.edu)
  • Comment: Acetobacterium woodii uses an electron-bifurcating dehydrogenase (lctBCD) for growth on lactate. (lbl.gov)
  • Growth of the acetogenic bacterium Acetobacterium woodii by dismutation of acetaldehyde to acetate and ethanol. (eglatech.it)
  • Novel synthetic co-culture of Acetobacterium woodii and Clostridium drakei using CO(2) and in space. (josephineknight.com)
  • It was then found to be involved in energy conservation in multiple anaerobic organisms, from acetobacteria such as Acetobacterium woodii to sulfate-reducing bacteria such as Desulfovibrio alaskensis and autotrophic bacteria such as Clostridium ljungdahlii and Clostridium aceticum. (preprints.org)
  • Exactly the Clostridium as well as Acetobacterium had been obligate anaerobes. (pcna-signal.com)
  • In regard to transportation, biofuels should act in synergy with other technologies, such as Acetobacterium or Clostridium, often used in these processes purchase antabuse online is available in limited amounts. (calibrebuild.com)
  • Acetobacterium is a genus of anaerobic, Gram-positive bacteria that belong to the Eubacteriaceae family. (wikipedia.org)
  • The name, Acetobacterium, has originated because they are acetogens, predominantly making acetic acid as a byproduct of anaerobic metabolism. (wikipedia.org)
  • When I talk about bacteria, I am referring to both Bacteroides and anaerobes such as Acetobacterium (Candida) and E. coli. (weddingfavorfinder.com)
  • When reducing CO2 to acetate the Acetobacterium uses the Wood-Ljungdahl pathway with CO2 as the electron acceptor. (wikipedia.org)
  • The production of ethanol by Acetobacterium using chemolithotrophic methods is important because ethanol can be used as a biofuel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acetobacterium is a genus of anaerobic, Gram-positive bacteria that belong to the Eubacteriaceae family. (wikipedia.org)
  • HN - 2004 BX - Cholecystitis, Acalculous BX - Gallbladder Inflammation, Acalculous MH - Acetobacterium UI - D045855 MN - B3.510.460.400.400.24 MS - A genus of gram-negative bacteria in the family Eubacteriaceae. (nih.gov)
  • The name, Acetobacterium, has originated because they are acetogens, predominantly making acetic acid as a byproduct of anaerobic metabolism. (wikipedia.org)
  • The production of ethanol by Acetobacterium using chemolithotrophic methods is important because ethanol can be used as a biofuel. (wikipedia.org)