Acetobacteraceae: A family of gram-negative aerobic bacteria consisting of ellipsoidal to rod-shaped cells that occur singly, in pairs, or in chains.Gluconacetobacter: A genus in the family ACETOBACTERACEAE comprised of acetate-oxidizing bacteria.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Rhodospirillaceae: A family of phototrophic bacteria, in the order Rhodospirillales, isolated from stagnant water and mud.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Rhodopseudomonas: A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped, phototrophic bacteria found in aquatic environments. Internal photosynthetic membranes are present as lamellae underlying the cytoplasmic membrane.Phototrophic Processes: Processes by which phototrophic organisms use sunlight as their primary energy source. Contrasts with chemotrophic processes which do not depend on light and function in deriving energy from exogenous chemical sources. Photoautotrophy (or photolithotrophy) is the ability to use sunlight as energy to fix inorganic nutrients to be used for other organic requirements. Photoautotrophs include all GREEN PLANTS; GREEN ALGAE; CYANOBACTERIA; and green and PURPLE SULFUR BACTERIA. Photoheterotrophs or photoorganotrophs require a supply of organic nutrients for their organic requirements but use sunlight as their primary energy source; examples include certain PURPLE NONSULFUR BACTERIA. Depending on environmental conditions some organisms can switch between different nutritional modes (AUTOTROPHY; HETEROTROPHY; chemotrophy; or phototrophy) to utilize different sources to meet their nutrients and energy requirements.Carotenoids: The general name for a group of fat-soluble pigments found in green, yellow, and leafy vegetables, and yellow fruits. They are aliphatic hydrocarbons consisting of a polyisoprene backbone.Ochromonas: A genus of GOLDEN-BROWN ALGAE in the family Ochromonadaceae, found mostly in freshwater. They bear two unequal FLAGELLA and are heterotrophic.Rhodospirillum: A genus of gram-negative, spiral bacteria that possesses internal photosynthetic membranes. Its organisms divide by binary fission, are motile by means of polar flagella, and are found in aquatic environments.Gluconobacter oxydans: A rod-shaped to ellipsoidal, gram-negative bacterium which oxidizes ethanol to acetic acid and prefers sugar-enriched environments. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)Gluconobacter: A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped to ellipsoidal bacteria occurring singly or in pairs and found in flowers, soil, honey bees, fruits, cider, beer, wine, and vinegar. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)Rhodospirillales: An order of photosynthetic bacteria representing a physiological community of predominantly aquatic bacteria.Acetobacter: A species of gram-negative bacteria of the family ACETOBACTERACEAE found in FLOWERS and FRUIT. Cells are ellipsoidal to rod-shaped and straight or slightly curved.Peptide Synthases: Ligases that catalyze the joining of adjacent AMINO ACIDS by the formation of carbon-nitrogen bonds between their carboxylic acid groups and amine groups.Pseudomonadaceae: A family of gram-negative bacteria usually found in soil or water and including many plant pathogens and a few animal pathogens.Bees: Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.Honey: A sweet viscous liquid food, produced in the honey sacs of various bees from nectar collected from flowers. The nectar is ripened into honey by inversion of its sucrose sugar into fructose and glucose. It is somewhat acidic and has mild antiseptic properties, being sometimes used in the treatment of burns and lacerations.Isoptera: An order of insects, restricted mostly to the tropics, containing at least eight families. A few species occur in temperate regions of North America.Gastrointestinal Tract: Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).Zygosaccharomyces: A genus of ascomycetous fungi of the family Saccharomycetaceae, order SACCHAROMYCETALES.Metagenome: A collective genome representative of the many organisms, primarily microorganisms, existing in a community.Lactobacillus: A genus of gram-positive, microaerophilic, rod-shaped bacteria occurring widely in nature. Its species are also part of the many normal flora of the mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina of many mammals, including humans. Pathogenicity from this genus is rare.Cytochromes a1: A subclass of heme a containing cytochromes have a reduced alpha-band absorption of 587-592 nm. They are primarily found in microorganisms.Cytochrome a Group: Cytochromes (electron-transporting proteins) in which the heme prosthetic group is heme a, i.e., the iron chelate of cytoporphyrin IX. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p539)Acetic Acid: Product of the oxidation of ethanol and of the destructive distillation of wood. It is used locally, occasionally internally, as a counterirritant and also as a reagent. (Stedman, 26th ed)Gluconacetobacter xylinus: A species of acetate-oxidizing bacteria, formerly known as Acetobacter xylinum.Ananas: A plant genus of the family BROMELIACEAE known for the edible fruit that is the source of BROMELAINS.Panicum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The seed is one of the EDIBLE GRAINS used in millet cereals and in feed for birds and livestock (ANIMAL FEED). It contains diosgenin (SAPONINS).Wetlands: Environments or habitats at the interface between truly terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them different from each yet highly dependent on both. Adaptations to low soil oxygen characterize many wetland species.Biohazard Release: Uncontrolled release of biological material from its containment. This either threatens to, or does, cause exposure to a biological hazard. Such an incident may occur accidentally or deliberately.Containment of Biohazards: Provision of physical and biological barriers to the dissemination of potentially hazardous biologically active agents (bacteria, viruses, recombinant DNA, etc.). Physical containment involves the use of special equipment, facilities, and procedures to prevent the escape of the agent. Biological containment includes use of immune personnel and the selection of agents and hosts that will minimize the risk should the agent escape the containment facility.Laboratory Infection: Accidentally acquired infection in laboratory workers.Gentian Violet: A dye that is a mixture of violet rosanilinis with antibacterial, antifungal, and anthelmintic properties.Ethnobotany: The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Medicine, Traditional: Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.Interior Design and Furnishings: The planning of the furnishings and decorations of an architectural interior.Classification: The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.Political Systems: The units based on political theory and chosen by countries under which their governmental power is organized and administered to their citizens.Apium graveolens: A plant species of the family APIACEAE. The stalks are a food source.Coumaphos: A organothiophosphorus cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an anthelmintic, insecticide, and as a nematocide.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Longevity: The normal length of time of an organism's life.Ants: Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)Biotechnology: Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Epidemiology: Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.Reference Books, Medical: Books in the field of medicine intended primarily for consultation.BooksTextbooks as Topic: Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.): An agency of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that conducts and supports programs for the prevention and control of disease and provides consultation and assistance to health departments and other countries.

Microbial reduction of Fe(III) in acidic sediments: isolation of Acidiphilium cryptum JF-5 capable of coupling the reduction of Fe(III) to the oxidation of glucose. (1/68)

To evaluate the microbial populations involved in the reduction of Fe(III) in an acidic, iron-rich sediment, the anaerobic flow of supplemental carbon and reductant was evaluated in sediment microcosms at the in situ temperature of 12 degrees C. Supplemental glucose and cellobiose stimulated the formation of Fe(II); 42 and 21% of the reducing equivalents that were theoretically obtained from glucose and cellobiose, respectively, were recovered in Fe(II). Likewise, supplemental H(2) was consumed by acidic sediments and yielded additional amounts of Fe(II) in a ratio of approximately 1:2. In contrast, supplemental lactate did not stimulate the formation of Fe(II). Supplemental acetate was not consumed and inhibited the formation of Fe(II). Most-probable-number estimates demonstrated that glucose-utilizing acidophilic Fe(III)-reducing bacteria approximated to 1% of the total direct counts of 4', 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole-stained bacteria. From the highest growth-positive dilution of the most-probable-number series at pH 2. 3 supplemented with glucose, an isolate, JF-5, that could dissimilate Fe(III) was obtained. JF-5 was an acidophilic, gram-negative, facultative anaerobe that completely oxidized the following substrates via the dissimilation of Fe(III): glucose, fructose, xylose, ethanol, glycerol, malate, glutamate, fumarate, citrate, succinate, and H(2). Growth and the reduction of Fe(III) did not occur in the presence of acetate. Cells of JF-5 grown under Fe(III)-reducing conditions formed blebs, i.e., protrusions that were still in contact with the cytoplasmic membrane. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of JF-5 demonstrated that it was closely related to an Australian isolate of Acidiphilium cryptum (99.6% sequence similarity), an organism not previously shown to couple the complete oxidation of sugars to the reduction of Fe(III). These collective results indicate that the in situ reduction of Fe(III) in acidic sediments can be mediated by heterotrophic Acidiphilium species that are capable of coupling the reduction of Fe(III) to the complete oxidation of a large variety of substrates including glucose and H(2).  (+info)

Acetogenic and sulfate-reducing bacteria inhabiting the rhizoplane and deep cortex cells of the sea grass Halodule wrightii. (2/68)

Recent declines in sea grass distribution underscore the importance of understanding microbial community structure-function relationships in sea grass rhizospheres that might affect the viability of these plants. Phospholipid fatty acid analyses showed that sulfate-reducing bacteria and clostridia were enriched in sediments colonized by the sea grasses Halodule wrightii and Thalassia testudinum compared to an adjacent unvegetated sediment. Most-probable-number analyses found that in contrast to butyrate-producing clostridia, acetogens and acetate-utilizing sulfate reducers were enriched by an order of magnitude in rhizosphere sediments. Although sea grass roots are oxygenated in the daytime, colorimetric root incubation studies demonstrated that acetogenic O-demethylation and sulfidogenic iron precipitation activities were tightly associated with washed, sediment-free H. wrightii roots. This suggests that the associated anaerobes are able to tolerate exposure to oxygen. To localize and quantify the anaerobic microbial colonization, root thin sections were hybridized with newly developed (33)P-labeled probes that targeted (i) low-G+C-content gram-positive bacteria, (ii) cluster I species of clostridia, (iii) species of Acetobacterium, and (iv) species of Desulfovibrio. Microautoradiography revealed intercellular colonization of the roots by Acetobacterium and Desulfovibrio species. Acetogenic bacteria occurred mostly in the rhizoplane and outermost cortex cell layers, and high numbers of sulfate reducers were detected on all epidermal cells and inward, colonizing some 60% of the deepest cortex cells. Approximately 30% of epidermal cells were colonized by bacteria that hybridized with an archaeal probe, strongly suggesting the presence of methanogens. Obligate anaerobes within the roots might contribute to the vitality of sea grasses and other aquatic plants and to the biogeochemistry of the surrounding sediment.  (+info)

Description of Gluconacetobacter sacchari sp. nov., a new species of acetic acid bacterium isolated from the leaf sheath of sugar cane and from the pink sugar-cane mealy bug. (3/68)

A new species of the genus Gluconacetobacter, for which the name Gluconacetobacter sacchari sp. nov. is proposed, was isolated from the leaf sheath of sugar cane and from the pink sugar-cane mealy bug, Saccharicoccus sacchari, found on sugar cane growing in Queensland and northern New South Wales, Australia. The nearest phylogenetic relatives in the alpha-subclass of the Proteobacteria are Gluconacetobacter liquefaciens and Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus, which have 98.8-99.3% and 97.9-98.5% 16S rDNA sequence similarity, respectively, to members of Gluconacetobacter sacchari. On the basis of the phylogenetic positioning of the strains, DNA reassociation studies, phenotypic tests and the presence of the Q10 ubiquinone, this new species was assigned to the genus Gluconacetobacter. No single phenotypic characteristic is unique to the species, but the species can be differentiated phenotypically from closely related members of the acetic acid bacteria by growth in the presence of 0.01% malachite green, growth on 30% glucose, an inability to fix nitrogen and an inability to grow with the L-amino acids asparagine, glycine, glutamine, threonine and tryptophan when D-mannitol was supplied as the sole carbon and energy source. The type strain of this species is strain SRI 1794T (= DSM 12717T).  (+info)

Magnesium insertion by magnesium chelatase in the biosynthesis of zinc bacteriochlorophyll a in an aerobic acidophilic bacterium Acidiphilium rubrum. (4/68)

To elucidate the mechanism for formation of zinc-containing bacteriochlorophyll a in the photosynthetic bacterium Acidiphilium rubrum, we isolated homologs of magnesium chelatase subunits (bchI, -D, and -H). A. rubrum bchI and -H were encoded by single genes located on the clusters bchP-orf168-bchI-bchD-orf320-crtI and bchF-N-B-H-L as in Rhodobacter capsulatus, respectively. The deduced sequences of A. rubrum bchI, -D, and -H had overall identities of 59. 8, 40.5, and 50.7% to those from Rba. capsulatus, respectively. When these genes were introduced into bchI, bchD, and bchH mutants of Rba. capsulatus for functional complementation, all mutants were complemented with concomitant synthesis of bacteriochlorophyll a. Analyses of bacteriochlorophyll intermediates showed that A. rubrum cells accumulate magnesium protoporphyrin IX monomethyl ester without detectable accumulation of zinc protoporphyrin IX or its monomethyl ester. These results indicate that a single set of magnesium chelatase homologs in A. rubrum catalyzes the insertion of only Mg(2+) into protoporphyrin IX to yield magnesium protoporphyrin IX monomethyl ester. Consequently, it is most likely that zinc-containing bacteriochlorophyll a is formed by a substitution of Zn(2+) for Mg(2+) at a step in the bacteriochlorophyll biosynthesis after formation of magnesium protoporphyrin IX monomethyl ester.  (+info)

Evaluation of a fluorescent lectin-based staining technique for some acidophilic mining bacteria. (5/68)

A fluorescence-labeled wheat germ agglutinin staining technique (R. K. Sizemore et al., Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56:2245-2247, 1990) was modified and found to be effective for staining gram-positive, acidophilic mining bacteria. Bacteria identified by others as being gram positive through 16S rRNA sequence analyses, yet clustering near the divergence of that group, stained weakly. Gram-negative bacteria did not stain. Background staining of environmental samples was negligible, and pyrite and soil particles in the samples did not interfere with the staining procedure.  (+info)

Development and application of small-subunit rRNA probes for assessment of selected Thiobacillus species and members of the genus Acidiphilium. (6/68)

Culture-dependent studies have implicated sulfur-oxidizing bacteria as the causative agents of acid mine drainage and concrete corrosion in sewers. Thiobacillus species are considered the major representatives of the acid-producing bacteria in these environments. Small-subunit rRNA genes from all of the Thiobacillus and Acidiphilium species catalogued by the Ribosomal Database Project were identified and used to design oligonucleotide DNA probes. Two oligonucleotide probes were synthesized to complement variable regions of 16S rRNA in the following acidophilic bacteria: Thiobacillus ferrooxidans and T. thiooxidans (probe Thio820) and members of the genus Acidiphilium (probe Acdp821). Using (32)P radiolabels, probe specificity was characterized by hybridization dissociation temperature (T(d)) with membrane-immobilized RNA extracted from a suite of 21 strains representing three groups of bacteria. Fluorochrome-conjugated probes were evaluated for use with fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) at the experimentally determined T(d)s. FISH was used to identify and enumerate bacteria in laboratory reactors and environmental samples. Probing of laboratory reactors inoculated with a mixed culture of acidophilic bacteria validated the ability of the oligonucleotide probes to track specific cell numbers with time. Additionally, probing of sediments from an active acid mine drainage site in Colorado demonstrated the ability to identify numbers of active bacteria in natural environments that contain high concentrations of metals, associated precipitates, and other mineral debris.  (+info)

Identification of acetic acid bacteria by RFLP of PCR-amplified 16S rDNA and 16S-23S rDNA intergenic spacer. (7/68)

DNA corresponding to 16S rDNA and the 165-23S rDNA intergenic spacer (ITS) from 22 reference strains of acetic acid bacteria, representing the diversity of the family Acetobacteraceae, and 24 indigenous acetic acid bacteria isolated from wine fermentations were analysed by PCR-RFLP. Frateuria aurantia LMG 1558T and Escherichia coli ATCC 11775T were included as outgroups. PCR-amplified products of about 1450 bp were obtained from the 16S rDNA of all the strains and products of between 675 and 800 bp were obtained from the 16S-23S rDNA ITS. PCR products were digested with 4-base-cutting restriction enzymes in order to evaluate the degree of polymorphism existing among these strains. Of the enzymes tested, Taql and Rsal were the most discriminatory and showed no intraspecific variations in the restriction patterns. Restriction analysis of the 16S rDNA with these enzymes is proposed as a rapid and reliable method to identify acetic acid bacteria at the level of genus and species (or related species group) and its applicability to identification of indigenous acetic acid bacteria was demonstrated. The same degree of distinction as that for the 16S rDNA analysis was obtained within reference strains of acetic acid bacteria by PCR-RFLP of the 16S-23S rDNA ITS. However, 16S-23S rDNA ITS restriction patterns of strains isolated from wine did not match those of any of the reference strains. Thus, PCR-RFLP of the 16S-23S rDNA ITS is not a useful method to identify isolates of acetic acid bacteria at the species level, although it may be an adequate method to detect intraspecific differentiation.  (+info)

Asaia siamensis sp. nov., an acetic acid bacterium in the alpha-proteobacteria. (8/68)

Five bacterial strains were isolated from tropical flowers collected in Thailand and Indonesia by the enrichment culture approach for acetic acid bacteria. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the isolates were located within the cluster of the genus Asaia. The isolates constituted a group separate from Asaia bogorensis on the basis of DNA relatedness values. Their DNA G+C contents were 58.6-59.7 mol%, with a range of 1.1 mol%, which were slightly lower than that of A. bogorensis (59.3-61.0 mol%), the type species of the genus Asaia. The isolates had morphological, physiological and biochemical characteristics similar to A. bogorensis strains, but the isolates did not produce acid from dulcitol. On the basis of the results obtained, the name Asaia siamensis sp. nov. is proposed for these isolates. Strain S60-1T, isolated from a flower of crown flower (dok rak, Calotropis gigantea) collected in Bangkok, Thailand, was designated the type strain ( = NRIC 0323T = JCM 10715T = IFO 16457T).  (+info)

Granulibacter bethesdensis ATCC ® BAA-1260D-5™ Designation: Genomic DNA from Granulibacter bethesdensis strain CGDNIH1 TypeStrain=False Application:
Asaia bogorensis is a species of acetic acid bacterium. It is Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped and peritrichously flagellated. It was first isolated from specimens of Bauhinia purpurea and Plumbago auriculata. Its type strain is 71T (= NRIC 0311T = JCM 10569T). it is potentially pathogenic. Yamada, Y.; Katsura, K.; Kawasaki, H.; Widyastuti, Y.; Saono, S.; Seki, T.; Uchimura, T.; Komagata, K. (2000). "Asaia bogorensis gen. nov., sp. nov., an unusual acetic acid bacterium in the alpha-Proteobacteria". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 50 (2): 823-829. doi:10.1099/00207713-50-2-823. ISSN 1466-5026. PMID 10758893. Tuuminen, T.; Heinasmaki, T.; Kerttula, T. (2006). "First Report of Bacteremia by Asaia bogorensis, in a Patient with a History of Intravenous-Drug Abuse". Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 44 (8): 3048-3050. doi:10.1128/JCM.00521-06. ISSN 0095-1137. PMC 1594642 . PMID 16891542. ANO, Yoshitaka; TOYAMA, Hirohide; ADACHI, Osao; MATSUSHITA, Kazunobu (2008). ...
Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) from patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) fail to produce microbicidal concentrations of reactive oxygen species (ROS) due to mutations in NOX2. Patients with CGD suffer from severe, life-threatening infections and inflammatory complications. Granulibacter bethesdensis is an emerging Gram-negative pathogen in CGD that resists killing by PMN of CGD patients (CGD PMN) and inhibits PMN apoptosis through unknown mechanisms. Microarray analysis was used to study mRNA expression in PMN from healthy subjects (normal PMN) and CGD PMN during incubation with G. bethesdensis and, simultaneously, in G. bethesdensis with normal and CGD PMN. We detected upregulation of antiapoptotic genes (e.g., XIAP and GADD45B) and downregulation of proapoptotic genes (e.g., CASP8 and APAF1) in infected PMN. Transcript and protein levels of inflammation- and immunity-related genes were also altered. Upon interaction with PMN, G. bethesdensis altered the expression of ROS ...
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is characterized by frequent infections, most of which are curable. Granulibacter bethesdensis is an emerging pathogen in patients with CGD that causes fever and necrotizing lymphadenitis. However, unlike typical CGD organisms, this organism can cause relapse after clinical quiescence. To better define whether infections were newly acquired or recrudesced, we use comparative bacterial genomic hybridization to characterize 11 isolates obtained from 5 patients with CGD from North and Central America. Genomic typing showed that 3 patients had recurrent infection months to years after apparent clinical cure. Two patients were infected with the same strain as previously isolated, and 1 was infected with a genetically distinct strain. This organism is multidrug resistant, and therapy required surgery and combination antimicrobial drugs, including long-term ceftriaxone. G. bethesdensis causes necrotizing lymphadenitis in CGD, which may recur or relapse.
Saccharibacter is a bacterial genus from the family of Acetobacteraceae. Up to now there is only one species of this genus known (Saccharibacter floricola). Jojima, Y; Mihara, Y; Suzuki, S; Yokozeki, K; Yamanaka, S; Fudou, R (November 2004). "Saccharibacter floricola gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel osmophilic acetic acid bacterium isolated from pollen". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 54 (Pt 6): 2263-7. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.02911-0. PMID 15545468. Kazunobu, Matsushita; Hirohide, Toyama; Naoto, Tonouchi; Akiko, Okamoto-Kainuma (2016). Acetic Acid Bacteria: Ecology and Physiology. Springer,. ISBN 4-431-55933-7. González, edited by Alfonso V. Carrascosa, Rosario Muñoz, Ramón (2011). Molecular Wine Microbiology (1. ed.). Burlington: Elsevier Science. ISBN 0-08-096258-0. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) LPSN bacterio.net González, edited by Alfonso V. Carrascosa, Rosario Muñoz, Ramón (2011). Molecular Wine Microbiology (1. ed.). Burlington: Elsevier ...
Here, we show that an alpha-proteobacterium of the genus Asaia is stably associated with larvae and adults of Anopheles stephensi, an important mosquito vector of Plasmodium vivax, a main malaria agent in Asia. Asaia bacteria dominate mosquito-associated microbiota, as shown by 16S rRNA gene abundance, quantitative PCR, transmission electron microscopy and in situ-hybridization of 165 rRNA genes. In adult mosquitoes, Asaia sp. is present in high population density in the female gut and in the male reproductive tract. Asaia sp. from An. stephensi has been cultured in cell-free media and then transformed with foreign DNA. A green fluorescent protein-tagged Asaia sp. strain effectively lodged in the female gut and salivary glands, sites that are crucial for Plasmodium sp. development and transmission. The larval gut and the male reproductive system were also colonized by the transformed Asaia sp. strain. As an efficient inducible colonizer of mosquitoes that transmit Plasmodium sp., Asaia sp. may ...
ID DDL_GLUOX Reviewed; 303 AA. AC Q5FUJ2; DT 15-JAN-2008, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot. DT 01-MAR-2005, sequence version 1. DT 22-NOV-2017, entry version 93. DE RecName: Full=D-alanine--D-alanine ligase {ECO:0000255,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00047}; DE EC=6.3.2.4 {ECO:0000255,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00047}; DE AltName: Full=D-Ala-D-Ala ligase {ECO:0000255,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00047}; DE AltName: Full=D-alanylalanine synthetase {ECO:0000255,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00047}; GN Name=ddl {ECO:0000255,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00047}; OrderedLocusNames=GOX0161; OS Gluconobacter oxydans (strain 621H) (Gluconobacter suboxydans). OC Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Alphaproteobacteria; Rhodospirillales; OC Acetobacteraceae; Gluconobacter. OX NCBI_TaxID=290633; RN [1] RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=621H; RX PubMed=15665824; DOI=10.1038/nbt1062; RA Prust C., Hoffmeister M., Liesegang H., Wiezer A., Fricke W.F., RA Ehrenreich A., Gottschalk G., Deppenmeier U.; RT "Complete genome sequence of the acetic acid bacterium ...
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Alphaproteobacteria; Rhodospirillales; Acetobacteraceae; Swingsia; unclassified ...
Application of molecular techniques for identification and enumeration of acetic acid bacteria: Los principales objetivos de la tesis son el desarrollo de técnicas de biología molecular rápidas y fiables para caracterizar bacterias acéticas. Las bacterias acéticas son las principales responsables del picado de los vinos y de la producción de vinagre. Sin embargo, existe un desconocimiento importante sobre su comportamiento y evolución. Las técnicas de enumeración y de identificación basadas en características fisico-químicas existentes son lentas y poco fiables mientras que las técnicas moleculares utilizadas son muy lentas y excesivamente caras y no son aplicables en un trabajo de rutina en el laboratorio ni adecuadas para una gran cantidad de muestras. En primer lugar se ha conseguido identificar a nivel de especie, mediante dos técnicas de biología molecular como son la PCR-RFLP del rDNA 16S y PCR-RFLP del rDNA 16S-23S ITS. Se lograron identificar todas las especies de ...
Biohazard level, growth media and temperature, gram stain, industrial applications and more information for Acidocella aminolytica.
Public art is a community asset that expresses a places positive sense of identity and values. The Long Beach Redevelopment Agency (RDA), in partnership wi
Сибирский федеральный университет (СФУ) входит в топ-15 вузов России. Ведущие научные школы Красноярска. Лучший в России кампус. Мировые индустриальные партнёры
W kompozycjach Wren mieszaj si trzy elementy: sample akustycznych instrument w, delikatne d wi ki syntezator w o bajkowym klimacie oraz laptopowe efekty imituj ce odg osy przyrody. Nie ma tu adnych bit w - chyba, e za takie uznamy abstrakcyjne chrz sty i szelesty, w kt re zanurzone zostaj pozosta e elementy muzyki producentki. W efekcie, dominuj na albumie oniryczne melodie, tkane z kameralnych pasa y fortepianu ("Ballad Of A Daydream") i gitary ("Closure"), uzupe nianych subtelnymi tonami klawiszy ("Hand Stitched"), kt re momentami imituj r wnie brzmienia akustycznych instrument w - wibrafonu ("Myself And Movement") czy klawesynu ("Sea Grass"). Chwilami Wren pozwala sobie na wi ksz dawk laptopowego noise`u - zbli a si wtedy do stylistyki Fennesza czy innych artyst w z Mego lub Touch ("She Smiles When He Calls Her Friend"). W niekt rych nagraniach s ycha r wnie inspiracj azjatyckim folklorem - to przede wszystkim "Myself And Movement" i "Fawn" o zdecydowanie orientalnej melodyce. Laptopowy ...
Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus ATCC ® 49037D-5™ Designation: Genomic DNA from Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus strain PA1 5 TypeStrain=True Application:
Acetic acid bacteria are microorganisms that can profoundly influence the quality of wine. Surprisingly, little research has been done on these microorganisms in the winemaking field. The object of this study was to investigate the occurrence of acetic acid bacteria in South African red wine fermentations and to identify the dominant species occurring. Acetic acid bacteria were isolated and enumerated from small-scale and commercial red must fermentations in 1998 and 1999, respectively. The initial occurrence of acetic acid bacteria in the must was shown to vary with cell numbers ranging from 106-107 to 104-105 cfu/ml for the 1998 and 1999 musts, respectively. The acetic acid bacteria decreased to 102-103 cfu/ml in musts having a low pH (≤3.6), whereas in some musts having a high pH (≥3.7), the cell numbers increased during fermentation. During the process of cold soaking, the cell numbers of acetic acid bacteria also increased until inoculation with commercial wine yeast. Gluconobacter ...
There is a need to reduce the negative polluting influence of mineral nitrogen fertilizers and to develop a more sustainable climate smart agriculture capable of meeting our future food security needs. Biological nitrogen fixation can have a role in this if it can be applied to the major food crop plants. Certain strains of the obligate nitrogen-fixing bacterial endophyte Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus have the necessary attributes for this role. An extra-ordinary endophyte this bacterium is one of relatively few that has mechanisms to cope with high levels of sucrose, an acidic pH, a wide range of oxygen environments, nitrogen fixation, as well as having respiratory chain attributes that make it a possible candidate eukaryote proto-mitochondria. Having a small genome relative to other endophytes, it is typical of facultative intracellular colonizers, with a life cycle that involves horizontal transfer to other high sucrose species via insects and potential vertical transfer through seeds. Every
The citrate cycle (TCA cycle, Krebs cycle) is an important aerobic pathway for the final steps of the oxidation of carbohydrates and fatty acids. The cycle starts with acetyl-CoA, the activated form of acetate, derived from glycolysis and pyruvate oxidation for carbohydrates and from beta oxidation of fatty acids. The two-carbon acetyl group in acetyl-CoA is transferred to the four-carbon compound of oxaloacetate to form the six-carbon compound of citrate. In a series of reactions two carbons in citrate are oxidized to CO2 and the reaction pathway supplies NADH for use in the oxidative phosphorylation and other metabolic processes. The pathway also supplies important precursor metabolites including 2-oxoglutarate. At the end of the cycle the remaining four-carbon part is transformed back to oxaloacetate. According to the genome sequence data, many organisms seem to lack genes for the full cycle [MD:M00009], but contain genes for specific segments [MD:M00010 M00011 ...
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Alphaproteobacteria; Rhodospirillales; Acetobacteraceae; Acetobacter; Acetobacter pasteurianus; Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. ...
Dugongs are large creatures, up to 3 meters long and weighing 400 kilograms. Even though they have small ears and eyes, their hearing and eyesight are excellent. Their heads are round and the mouth on then large fleshy snout faces down towards the seabed, which makes it easy for dugongs to feed on their favourite food - the young shoots of sea grasses. These grow in the muddy beds of shallow waters in northern Australia. Because they graze on sea grasses, dugongs are commonly called sea cows. Dugongs also have moustaches - heavy bristles that are excellent tor helping find the sea grasses in the murky water stirred up when they tear out the whole plant, roots and all. They manoeuvre the sea grasses into their mouths with their sensitive upper lip ...
According to scientific recommendations, paratransgenesis is one of the solutions for improving the effectiveness of the Global Malaria Eradication Programme. In paratransgenesis, symbiont microorganisms are used for distorting or blocking the parasite life-cycle, affecting the fitness and longevity of vectors or reducing the vectorial competence. It has been revealed recently that bacteria could be used as potent tools for double stranded RNA production and delivery to insects. Moreover, findings showed that RNase III mutant bacteria are more competent for this aim. Asaia spp. have been introduced as potent paratransgenesis candidates for combating malaria and, based on their specific features for this goal, could be considered as effective dsRNA production and delivery tools to Anopheles spp. Therefore, we decided to characterize the rnc gene and its related protein to provide the basic required information for creating an RNase III mutant Asaia bacterium. Asaia bacteria were isolated from field
Acetic acid bacteria are well known by their capabilities to produce a wide spectrum of biotechnologically important products. Components of the cells and their metabolic products, such as cryptic plasmids, restriction endonucleases and methyltransferases, and enzymes of saccharide metabolism, have found versatility in modern biotechnologies. On an industrial scale, the ability to produce organic acids, e.g., acetic acid, gluconic acids, and propionic acid, is used. (in Slovak ...
Nigerias proposed 2018 budget document confirms that the African nation will obtain the Chengdu Pakistan Aeronautical Complex JF-17 fighter.. The nations 2018 budget allocation document indicates that N13.1 billion ($36 million) will be earmarked as partial payment for three JF-17s. The payment will also cover support equipment and spares.. This makes Nigeria the first buyer of the type to be officially named, although programme officials have long said there is strong interest for the type in the developing world.. At the Paris air show in June 2015, a Pakistani air force official told FlightGlobal that a "contract had been signed" with an Asian country.. The Asian country has yet to be officially named, but is believed to be Myanmar. Images on Chinese social media have shown a JF-17 in Myanmar air force markings.. Powered by the Klimov RD-93 engine, the JF-17 is pitched as a low-cost fighter for developing world air forces. Following feedback from prospective customers, a two seat version ...
Especially during the holiday season when sweet breads abound, you may run across recipes that call for osmotolerant yeast (also called SAF Gold, as it comes in a gold-colored package; SAF is the brand.). Osmotolerant yeast is a special strain of instant dry yeast that performs better in high-sugar doughs than other yeasts do. In small amounts, sugar enhances fermentation, but when the amount of sugar exceeds about 5% of the flour weight, it impedes fermentation by pulling water away from the yeast. (If youre a science geek, you probably know that sugar creates osmotic pressure, and if youre not, you probably dont care.). SAF Gold is available from a number of online sources. However, if you cant get it and have recipe that calls for it, you can use regular instant yeast (SAF Red, for example), and just increase the amount by about 30%.. ...
Acetic acid bacteria (AAB) are well known for oxidizing different ethanol-containing substrates into various types of vinegar. They are also used for production of some biotechnologically important products, such as sorbose and gluconic acids. However, their presence is not always appreciated since certain species also spoil wine, juice, beer and fruits. To be able to follow AAB in all these processes, the species involved must be identified accurately and quickly. Because of inaccuracy and very time-consuming phenotypic analysis of AAB, the application of molecular methods is necessary. Since the pairwise comparison among the 16S rRNA gene sequences of AAB shows very high similarity (up to 99.9%) other DNA-targets should be used. Our previous studies showed that the restriction analysis of 16S-23S rDNA internal transcribed spacer region is a suitable approach for quick affiliation of an acetic acid bacterium to a distinct group of restriction types and also for quick identification of a ...
Pure Anada is handcrafted in the Canadian prairies from fresh, wholesome ingredients. We love seeing the goodness of nature, incorporated into each of our products. Luxurious plant oils, nourishing butters and ethically mined minerals are combined to create products for you to enjoy. Traditional cosmetics are formulated with synthetic chemicals that may contribute to our personal toxic burden. You deserve better, and we hope to make it easier for you to choose clean, effective and affordable beauty . ...
The Environmental Industrys Worldwide Telephone Directory. Business To Business Yellow Pages with over 350,000 listings worldwide.
Adao, R., Kolesar, M., and Morales, E. (2010). Shift-share designs: Theory and inference. Arellano, M. (1987). Computing robust standard errors for within-groups estimators. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 49(4):431-434. Athey, S. and Imbens, G. (2018). Design-based Analysis in Difference-In-Differences Settings with Staggered Adoption. Working Paper, arXiv:1808.05293 Barrios, T., Diamond, R., Imbens, G. W., and Kolesar, M. (2012). Clustering, spatial correlations, and randomization inference. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 107(498):578-591. Bertrand, M., Duflo, E., and Mullainathan, S. (2004). How much should we trust diff in-diff estimates? Quarterly Journal of Economics, page 24975. Bester, C. A., Conley, T. G., and Hansen, C. B. (2011). Inference with dependent data using cluster covariance estimators. Journal of Econometrics, 165(2):137 - 151. Brewer, M., Crossley, T. F., and Joyce, R. (2013). Inference with Difference-in-Differences Revisited. IZA Discussion ...
Novel pharmaceutically/cosmetically-active aromatic polyenic compounds have the structural formula (I): and are useful for the treatment of a wide variety of disease states, whether human or veterinary, for example dermatological, rheumatic, respiratory, cardiovascular, bone and ophthalmological disorders, as well as for the treatment of mammalian skin and hair conditions/disorders.
adidas by Stella McCartney Run Trail Jacket at SHOPBOP.COM - FASTEST FREE SHIPPING WORLDWIDE. Buy adidas by Stella McCartney Online
Spinning Reels-Shimano Stella Handle Double Handle 100mm Twinpower Vanquish... Double Livre nniupa743-clearance up to 70% - www.belgraviaweddingquarter.com
Stellas parents no longer see their daughter as a dying 2-year-old, but as a child who is navigating death. They are following her lead.
Naij.com News ★ Stella Oduahs son Etoromi died a few days in a hospital at Abuja after he was rushed in and he was said to have died of brain bleeding.
McCartneys winter 2017 collection draws on her many worlds - including womens wear, the Beatles and her father Paul McCartney.
Acetic acid bacteria are known for their ability to oxidize ethanol to acetic acid. This study investigated to identify dominant strain acetic acid bacteria involving in fermented juice of mango and capable to produce Vinegar, total of 4 bacteria (CRSBAN-BVA1, CRSBAN-BVK1, CRSBAN-BVK2, CRSBAN-BVI1) bacteria strains were preselected ¶for the analyses. The strains were examined with biochemical, physiological and phenotypical methods such as Gram die, catalase and oxidase test, ethanol oxidation to acetic acid, and over to CO2 and H2O and also metabolism of carbohydrate was tested, for their affiliation to the genera of acetic acid bacteria. Subsequently, genotypic identification was conducted by sequencing the gene coding for 16S rRNA of one targeted strain and phylogenetic analysis was realized throughout 16S rRNA sequences. The results showed that one of the isolated strain (CRSBAN-BVA1) present 99. 90% of similarity in the sequence 16S rRNA region with Acetobacter tropicalis. It demonstrated
Background 5-Ketofructose (5-KF) has recently been identified as a promising non-nutritive natural sweetener. Gluconobacter oxydans strains have been developed that allow efficient production of 5-KF from fructose by plasmid-based expression of the fructose dehydrogenase genes fdhSCL of Gluconobacter japonicus. As plasmid-free strains are preferred for industrial production of food additives, we aimed at the construction of efficient 5-KF production strains with the fdhSCL genes chromosomally integrated.. Results For plasmid-free 5-KF production, we selected four sites in the genome of G. oxydans IK003.1 and inserted the fdhSCL genes under control of the strong P264 promoter into each of these sites. All four recombinant strains expressed fdhSCL and oxidized fructose to 5-KF, but site-specific differences were observed suggesting that the genomic vicinity influenced gene expression. For further improvement, a second copy of the fdhSCL genes under control of P264 was inserted into the second-best ...
SB Seagrass Fingers. The Super Bird Sea Grass Fingers bird toy by Super Bird Creations is a colorful and highly interactive toy that will have your bird occupied for hours! This toy features sea grass braids, tubes, coconut shell, and palm hul.
Contamination of bacteria in large-scale yeast fermentations is a serious problem and a threat to the development of successful biofuel production plants. Huge research efforts have been spent in order to solve this problem, but additional ways must still be found to keep bacterial contaminants from thriving in these environments. The aim of this project was to develop process conditions that would inhibit bacterial growth while giving yeast a competitive advantage. Lactic acid bacteria are usually considered to be the most common contaminants in industrial yeast fermentations. Our observations support this view but also suggest that acetic acid bacteria, although not so numerous, could be a much more problematic obstacle to overcome. Acetic acid bacteria showed a capacity to drastically reduce the viability of yeast. In addition, they consumed the previously formed ethanol. Lactic acid bacteria did not show this detrimental effect on yeast viability. It was possible to combat both types of bacteria by
Looking for online definition of AAB in the Medical Dictionary? AAB explanation free. What is AAB? Meaning of AAB medical term. What does AAB mean?
Daylilies derive their name from the fact that each flower lives only one day. Just keep in mind that they are prolific and repeat bloomers, so there is usually another bloom to take the place of the departed. Daylilies, native to eastern Asia, are herbaceous perennials that can handle both wet and dry conditions, heat and cold, and shade and full sun. Stella dOro, also spelled Stella de Oro, is a compact hybrid daylily that grows to 2 feet tall with an equal spread and produces small, fragrant gold flowers. Stella is hardy in USDA Zones 4 through 9 and into zone 10 in California only.. ...
Best-in-class solutions for those pet parents looking for high protein and nutrient dense dog kibble options.Why We Love It Pea-free, lentil-free & potato-free Wholesome grains including brown rice, pearled barley, oatmeal, quinoa and millet Made in Stella & Chewys own Wisconsin kitchen, with no ingredients fr
Stella Luk is the Country Director of Dimagi Software Innovations Pvt. Ltd., which handles programs small, large, and national-scale in India, Myanmar, and other parts of Asia. Stella has collaborated with health and development organizations across India and in various countries in West Africa to develop mobile job aids for facility- and community-based healthcare workers…
Perfect for picky eaters! Dogs naturally crave meat, much like they ate in the wild. Thats why every batch of Stellas Super Beef Meal Mixers starts with 95% beef (always grass-fed!), organs and bone plus 100% organic certified fruits and vegetables to guarantee your pet is eating as nature intended. Every recipe from
Information on the #320AAB html color code with its RGB and HSL make up, lighter and darker colors, analogous colors, and trinary colors.
Product - "e;Stella Doro"e; Breakfast Treats, Cookies, Original ingredients with allergy, intolerance and sensitivity details
Stella Collins joins us for a discussion focusing on empathy in learning design, it includes topics like learner generated content and personalising learning.
The CJAI 92.1 Top 30(Stella, ON)for the week ending December 5, 2017; !earshot magazine features campus/community radio charts, cd reviews, articles and interviews, label profiles and more.
The pin-up inspired Stella McCartney Cherie Sneezing Contour Balconette Bra features a modern update that we love. Its everyday wearability meshed with...
Dr. Stella Immanuel Boasts Cure for COVID-19 ~ The examination of Dr. Immanuel should not begin with the legitimacy of her claim, but rather in the...
Visit Healthgrades for information on Dr. Dominick Stella, MD Find Phone & Address information, medical practice history, affiliated hospitals and more.
stella thank you for this post. Please this is a very important notice. one actress blessings obi.she is fair, pretty and has great shape, during the surulere winnis days. she featured so much in ernest obi movies but suddenly disappeared both from winnis where she frequents and also the industry. The rumour then was that he was dating her. i liked her alot then but we werent close.Please I am just concerned about her well being and I pray shes ok.. ReplyDelete ...
Acetobacteraceae, e.g. Rhodopila globiformis. *Rhizobiales *Bradyrhizobiaceae, e.g. Rhodopseudomonas palustris. * ...
Rickettsiaceae, Anaplasmataceae, Rhodospirillaceae, Acetobacteraceae, Bradyrhiozobiaceae, Brucellaceae and Bartonellaceae). ...
30%, members of the Firmicutes) and Acetobacteraceae (approx. 55%, members of the Proteobacteria). Other less common bacterial ... such as Acetobacteraceae and Lactobacillaceae) if compared to fruit-eating species such as Drosophila hydei, Drosophila ...
... is a bacterial genus from the family of Acetobacteraceae. Up to now there is only one species of this genus ...
... is a genus of bacteria from the family of Acetobacteraceae. Parte, A.C. "Belnapia". www.bacterio.net. "Belnapia". www. ...
... is a genus of bacteria from the family of Acetobacteraceae. Up to now there is only one species of this genus known ( ... the First Sequenced Kozakia Strain from the Family Acetobacteraceae". Genome Announcements. 2 (3): e00594-14-e00594-14. doi: ...
nov., a distinctive pathogenic acetic acid bacterium in the family Acetobacteraceae". Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. Pt 11. 56: ...
The Acetobacteraceae comprise the acetic acid bacteria, which are heterotrophic and produce acetic acid during their ... The Rhodospirillales are an order of Proteobacteria, with two families: the Acetobacteraceae and the Rhodospirillaceae. ...
... is a Gram-negative and non-motile bacterial genus from the family of Acetobacteraceae. Up to now there is only ...
Acetic acid bacteria are members of the family Acetobacteraceae. TerminologyEdit. *The abbreviation for species is sp. (plural ...
... is a genus of Gram-negative, aerobic and rod-shaped bacteria from the family of Acetobacteraceae which occur in tropical ...
... is a Gram-negative and non-motile genus of bacteria from the family of Acetobacteraceae with one known species ( ...
... acetobacteraceae MeSH B03.440.400.425.100.100 --- Acetobacter MeSH B03.440.400.425.100.110 --- Acidiphilium MeSH B03.440. ... acetobacteraceae MeSH B03.660.050.663.050.010 --- Acetobacter MeSH B03.660.050.663.050.020 --- Acidiphilium MeSH B03.660. ...
... such as Pectobacterium Acetic acid bacteria are members of the family Acetobacteraceae The abbreviation for species is sp. ( ...
... is a family of gram-negative bacteria. The type genus is Acetobacter. Ten genera from Acetobacteraceae make up ... Acetobacteraceae page on the List of Prokaryotic Names with Standing "Family Acetobacteraceae". List of Prokaryotic Names with ... Acetobacteraceae was proposed as a family for Acetobacter and Gluconobacter based on rRNA and DNA-DNA hybridization comparisons ...
Acetobacteraceae, Bradyrhiozobiaceae, Brucellaceae e Bartonellaceae). Estas sinaturas moleculares proporcionan novos métodos ...
Acetobacteraceae is a family of gram-negative bacteria. The type genus is Acetobacter. Ten genera from Acetobacteraceae make up ... Acetobacteraceae page on the List of Prokaryotic Names with Standing "Family Acetobacteraceae". List of Prokaryotic Names with ... Acetobacteraceae was proposed as a family for Acetobacter and Gluconobacter based on rRNA and DNA-DNA hybridization comparisons ...
Proteome IDi ,p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the ,a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome,/a>. It consists of the characters UP followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.,p>,a href=/help/proteome_id target=_top>More...,/a>,/p> ...
What is Acetobacteraceae? Meaning of Acetobacteraceae medical term. What does Acetobacteraceae mean? ... Looking for online definition of Acetobacteraceae in the Medical Dictionary? Acetobacteraceae explanation free. ... redirected from Acetobacteraceae). Also found in: Encyclopedia. acetic acid bacteria. Any of a family of bacteria that oxidize ... Other members of this microbial family, Acetobacteraceae, are used in the vinegar-making industry and arent known to cause ...
Acetobacteraceae, e.g. Rhodopila globiformis. *Rhizobiales *Bradyrhizobiaceae, e.g. Rhodopseudomonas palustris. * ...
A Newly Discovered Bacterium in the Family Acetobacteraceae. Available for licensing and commercial development is a newly ... A Newly Discovered Bacterium in the Family Acetobacteraceae. Available for licensing and commercial development is a newly ... discovered bacterium in the Acetobacteraceae family. This bacterium was isolated, characterized and grown from lymph nodes of a ... discovered bacterium in the Acetobacteraceae family. This bacterium was isolated, characterized and grown from lymph nodes of a ...
Step 22: Lactobacillales, Acetobacteraceae, Yeast. In many recipes and explanations about sourdough you will be told that it ... True acetobacteraceae need oxygen and ethanol to produce acetic acid. The full list of microorganisms in a sourdough can be ... It decreases the chance acetobacteraceae proliferate in the sourdough and produce formic acid or other bad tasting chemicals. ...
Acetobacteraceae. 0.024. 0.047. -. 20. 4. 0. Actinobacteria. Actinomycetales (O)c. 0.024. 0.047. -. 18. 4. 0. ...
Acetobacteraceae; Gluconacetobacter. OX NCBI_TaxID=272568; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from ...
Acetobacteraceae; Acidiphilium. OX NCBI_TaxID=349163 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ABQ29063.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000000245}; RN [1] { ...
Familia: Acetobacteraceae. Genus: Gluconacetobacter. Species: Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus Name[edit]. Gluconacetobacter ...
Familia: Acetobacteraceae. Genus: Granulibacter Species: Granulibacter bethesdensis - References[edit]. *NCBI link: ...
Acetobacteraceae bacterium AT-5844. 344. FemAB family PEP-CTERM system-associated protein. Roseomonas sp. CQN31 ...
and unclassified Acetobacteraceae, which were previously found in associations with insects relying on sugar-based diets ( ... Acetobacteraceae (e.g., Asaia), Enterococcaceae (e.g., Enterococcus), and of Bacillaceae (e.g., Bacillus) are the most- ...
Acetobacteraceae Enterobacteriaceae. Sphingomonadaceae Proteobacteriaspecies Total number of species. 4.1.2. Firmicutes The ...
Acetobacteraceae; Gluconobacter. OX NCBI_TaxID=290633; RN [1] RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=621H ...
Acetobacteraceae; Granulibacter. OX NCBI_TaxID=391165; RN [1] RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=ATCC ...
Acetobacteraceae, Family acetobacteraceae, Acetobacteraceae (ex Henrici 1939) Gillis and De Ley 1980, Family Acetobacteraceae ( ... Ontology: Acetobacteraceae. (C0085461) Definition (NCI) A taxonomic family of bacterium in the phylum Proteobacteria that ... A species of gram-negative bacteria of the family ACETOBACTERACEAE found in FLOWERS and FRUIT. Cells are ellipsoidal to rod- ... Aka: Aerobic Gram Negative Rod, Pseudomonadaceae, Legionellaceae, Brucella, Flavobacterium, Alcaligenes, Acetobacteraceae, ...
Origin and effect of Alpha 2.2 Acetobacteraceae in honey bee larvae and description of Parasaccharibacter apium gen. nov., sp. ... In a previous study, Alpha-2.2 (closely related to genera within the Acetobacteraceae family) was shown to largely colonise the ... Acetobacteraceae alpha-2.1 (LDA = 4.9789 and P , 0.0001) and Snodgrassella (LDA = 4.9832 and P , 0.0001) in the foraging bee, ... Acetobacteraceae), Alpha-2.2 ("Parasaccharibacter" or Bombella)18,19, Beta (Snodgrassella alvi)20, Bifido ( ...
Bactiera; Protobcteria; Alphaproteobacteria; Rhodospirllales; Acetobacteraceae; Gluconacetobacter; Acetobacter xylinum Other ...
Bacteria; Proteobacteria; AlphaProteobacteria; Rhodospirillales; Acetobacteraceae Species. Acetobacter aceti; Acetobacter ...
Acetobacteraceae. 1. 0. 0. 0. Sphingomonas panni, Sphingomonas sp.. Sphingomonadaceae. 2. 1. 1. 0. ...
Rickettsiaceae, Anaplasmataceae, Rhodospirillaceae, Acetobacteraceae, Bradyrhiozobiaceae, Brucellaceae and Bartonellaceae). ...
The family Acetobacteraceae: the genera Acetobacter, Acidomonas, Asaia, Gluconacetobacter, Gluconobacter, and Kozakia, p 163- ...
nov., a distinctive pathogenic acetic acid bacterium in the family Acetobacteraceae. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2006;56:2609-16 ... Members of the family Acetobacteraceae have been isolated from various tropical fruits, fermented foods, flowers, and soil (13 ... Within the past 5 years, infections with other Acetobacteraceae spp. in 6 patients have been described. Acetobacter ... Granulibacter bethesdensis is a recently described gram-negative bacterium in the family Acetobacteraceae; it has been isolated ...
Acetobacteraceae #, UncTepi3 Burkholderiales Comamonadaceae #, Unc004ii Clostridiales Christensenellaceae #, Unc00re8 ...
  • [ 6 ] [ 9 ] Análises filoxenéticas e indeis conservados en gran cantidade doutras proteínas fornecen evidencias de que as Alphaproteobacteria se ramificaron antes ca moitos outros filos e clases de bacterias, agás as Betaproteobacteria e Gammaproteobacteria . (wikipedia.org)
  • 1,0 1,1 O nome científico en latín do taxon é Alphaproteobacteria , polo que se pasa ao galego como alfaproteobacterias. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, about 50 strains, belonging to the families Lactobacillaceae , Leuconostocaceae , and Acetobacteraceae , which are frequently encountered in spoilage incidents, were used for the establishment of a reference spectra database upon optimization of sample preparation. (mbaa.com)
  • Gluconobacter oxydans je gram-negativna bakterija koja ne tvori endospore i pripada obitelji Acetobacteraceae. (unizg.hr)
  • This is the first reported case of invasive human disease caused by any of the Acetobacteraceae," according to the article. (bio-medicine.org)
  • We found that, depending on their genetic background, young flies had microbiota of different diversities that converged with age to the same Acetobacteraceae-dominated pattern in healthy flies. (ox.ac.uk)