Acetobacter: A species of gram-negative bacteria of the family ACETOBACTERACEAE found in FLOWERS and FRUIT. Cells are ellipsoidal to rod-shaped and straight or slightly curved.Gluconacetobacter xylinus: A species of acetate-oxidizing bacteria, formerly known as Acetobacter xylinum.Acetic Acid: Product of the oxidation of ethanol and of the destructive distillation of wood. It is used locally, occasionally internally, as a counterirritant and also as a reagent. (Stedman, 26th ed)Cellulose: A polysaccharide with glucose units linked as in CELLOBIOSE. It is the chief constituent of plant fibers, cotton being the purest natural form of the substance. As a raw material, it forms the basis for many derivatives used in chromatography, ion exchange materials, explosives manufacturing, and pharmaceutical preparations.Acetobacteraceae: A family of gram-negative aerobic bacteria consisting of ellipsoidal to rod-shaped cells that occur singly, in pairs, or in chains.Cacao: A tree of the family Sterculiaceae (or Byttneriaceae), usually Theobroma cacao, or its seeds, which after fermentation and roasting, yield cocoa and chocolate.Pseudomonadaceae: A family of gram-negative bacteria usually found in soil or water and including many plant pathogens and a few animal pathogens.Cytochromes a1: A subclass of heme a containing cytochromes have a reduced alpha-band absorption of 587-592 nm. They are primarily found in microorganisms.Cytochrome a Group: Cytochromes (electron-transporting proteins) in which the heme prosthetic group is heme a, i.e., the iron chelate of cytoporphyrin IX. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p539)Gluconacetobacter: A genus in the family ACETOBACTERACEAE comprised of acetate-oxidizing bacteria.UTP-Glucose-1-Phosphate Uridylyltransferase: An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of UDPglucose from UTP plus glucose 1-phosphate. EC 2.7.7.9.Dihydroxyacetone: A ketotriose compound. Its addition to blood preservation solutions results in better maintenance of 2,3-diphosphoglycerate levels during storage. It is readily phosphorylated to dihydroxyacetone phosphate by triokinase in erythrocytes. In combination with naphthoquinones it acts as a sunscreening agent.omega-Chloroacetophenone: A potent eye, throat, and skin irritant. One of its uses is as a riot control agent.Oxaloacetates: Derivatives of OXALOACETIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that include a 2-keto-1,4-carboxy aliphatic structure.Mangifera: A plant genus of the family ANACARDIACEAE best known for the edible fruit.Hydroxymercuribenzoates: Hydroxylated benzoic acid derivatives that contain mercury. Some of these are used as sulfhydryl reagents in biochemical studies.Saccharum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE widely cultivated in the tropics for the sweet cane that is processed into sugar.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Glucosyltransferases: Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of glucose from a nucleoside diphosphate glucose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.Dental Pellicle: A thin protein film on the surface of DENTAL ENAMEL. It is widely believed to result from the selective adsorption of precursor proteins present in SALIVA onto tooth surfaces, and to reduce microbial adherence to the TEETH.BooksSubcutaneous Tissue: Loose connective tissue lying under the DERMIS, which binds SKIN loosely to subjacent tissues. It may contain a pad of ADIPOCYTES, which vary in number according to the area of the body and vary in size according to the nutritional state.Biohazard Release: Uncontrolled release of biological material from its containment. This either threatens to, or does, cause exposure to a biological hazard. Such an incident may occur accidentally or deliberately.Containment of Biohazards: Provision of physical and biological barriers to the dissemination of potentially hazardous biologically active agents (bacteria, viruses, recombinant DNA, etc.). Physical containment involves the use of special equipment, facilities, and procedures to prevent the escape of the agent. Biological containment includes use of immune personnel and the selection of agents and hosts that will minimize the risk should the agent escape the containment facility.Laboratory Infection: Accidentally acquired infection in laboratory workers.Gentian Violet: A dye that is a mixture of violet rosanilinis with antibacterial, antifungal, and anthelmintic properties.Uridine Diphosphate Glucose: A key intermediate in carbohydrate metabolism. Serves as a precursor of glycogen, can be metabolized into UDPgalactose and UDPglucuronic acid which can then be incorporated into polysaccharides as galactose and glucuronic acid. Also serves as a precursor of sucrose lipopolysaccharides, and glycosphingolipids.Uridine Diphosphate SugarsVicia sativa: A plant species of the genus VICIA, family FABACEAE. The seed is used for food and contains THIOCYANATES such as prunasin, cyanoalanine, cyanogen, and vicine.Alcohol Dehydrogenase: A zinc-containing enzyme which oxidizes primary and secondary alcohols or hemiacetals in the presence of NAD. In alcoholic fermentation, it catalyzes the final step of reducing an aldehyde to an alcohol in the presence of NADH and hydrogen.Ethanol: A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Alcohol Oxidoreductases: A subclass of enzymes which includes all dehydrogenases acting on primary and secondary alcohols as well as hemiacetals. They are further classified according to the acceptor which can be NAD+ or NADP+ (subclass 1.1.1), cytochrome (1.1.2), oxygen (1.1.3), quinone (1.1.5), or another acceptor (1.1.99).Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Crotonates: Derivatives of BUTYRIC ACID that include a double bond between carbon 2 and 3 of the aliphatic structure. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that include the aminobutryrate structure.Citric Acid Cycle: A series of oxidative reactions in the breakdown of acetyl units derived from GLUCOSE; FATTY ACIDS; or AMINO ACIDS by means of tricarboxylic acid intermediates. The end products are CARBON DIOXIDE, water, and energy in the form of phosphate bonds.PyruvatesCitratesCarbon: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Budgets: Detailed financial plans for carrying out specific activities for a certain period of time. They include proposed income and expenditures.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Oxygen Consumption: The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)Fertilizers: Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.IndiaCrops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Succinates: Derivatives of SUCCINIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain a 1,4-carboxy terminated aliphatic structure.Carboxylic Acids: Organic compounds containing the carboxy group (-COOH). This group of compounds includes amino acids and fatty acids. Carboxylic acids can be saturated, unsaturated, or aromatic.Metabolic Engineering: Methods and techniques used to genetically modify cells' biosynthetic product output and develop conditions for growing the cells as BIOREACTORS.GluconatesCitric Acid: A key intermediate in metabolism. It is an acid compound found in citrus fruits. The salts of citric acid (citrates) can be used as anticoagulants due to their calcium chelating ability.Ustilago: A genus of basidiomycetous smut fungi comprising the loose smuts.

Digestion of crystalline cellulose substrates by the clostridium thermocellum cellulosome: structural and morphological aspects. (1/162)

The action of cellulosomes from Clostridium thermocellum on model cellulose microfibrils from Acetobacter xylinum and cellulose microcrystals from Valonia ventricosa was investigated. The biodegradation of these substrates was followed by transmission electron microscopy, Fourier-transform IR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis, as a function of the extent of degradation. The cellulosomes were very effective in catalysing the complete digestion of bacterial cellulose, but the total degradation of Valonia microcrystals was achieved more slowly. Ultrastructural observations during the digestion process suggested that the rapid degradation of bacterial cellulose was the result of a very efficient synergistic action of the various enzymic components that are attached to the scaffolding protein of the cellulosomes. The degraded Valonia sample assumed various shapes, ranging from thinned-down microcrystals to crystals where one end was pointed and the other intact. This complexity may be correlated with the multi-enzyme content of the cellulosomes and possibly to a diversity of the cellulosome composition within a given batch. Another aspect of the digestion of model celluloses by cellulosomes is the relative invariability of their crystallinity, together with their Ialpha/Ibeta composition throughout the degradation process. Comparison of the action of cellulosomes with that of fungal enzymes indicated that the degradation of cellulose crystals by cellulosomes occurred with only limited levels of processivity, in contrast with the observations reported for fungal enzymes. The findings were consistent with a mechanism whereby initial attack by a cellulosome of an individual cellulose crystal results in its 'commitment' towards complete degradation.  (+info)

The respiratory system and diazotrophic activity of Acetobacter diazotrophicus PAL5. (2/162)

The characteristics of the respiratory system of Acetobacter diazotrophicus PAL5 were investigated. Increasing aeration (from 0.5 to 4.0 liters of air min(-1) liter of medium(-1)) had a strong positive effect on growth and on the diazotrophic activity of cultures. Cells obtained from well-aerated and diazotrophically active cultures possessed a highly active, membrane-bound electron transport system with dehydrogenases for NADH, glucose, and acetaldehyde as the main electron donors. Ethanol, succinate, and gluconate were also oxidized but to only a minor extent. Terminal cytochrome c oxidase-type activity was poor as measured by reduced N, N,N,N'-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine, but quinol oxidase-type activity, as measured by 2,3,5,6-tetrachloro-1,4-benzenediol, was high. Spectral and high-pressure liquid chromatography analysis of membranes revealed the presence of cytochrome ba as a putative oxidase in cells obtained from diazotrophically active cultures. Cells were also rich in c-type cytochromes; four bands of high molecular mass (i.e., 67, 56, 52, and 45 kDa) were revealed by a peroxidase activity stain in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. KCN inhibition curves of respiratory oxidase activities were biphasic, with a highly resistant component. Treatment of membranes with 0.2% Triton X-100 solubilized c-type cytochromes and resulted in a preparation that was significantly more sensitive to cyanide. Repression of diazotrophic activity in well-aerated cultures by 40 mM (NH(4))(2)SO(4) caused a significant decrease of the respiratory activities. It is noteworthy that the levels of glucose dehydrogenase and putative oxidase ba decreased 6. 8- and 10-fold, respectively. In these cells, a bd-type cytochrome seems to be the major terminal oxidase. Thus, it would seem that glucose dehydrogenase and cytochrome ba are key components of the respiratory system of A. diazotrophicus during aerobic diazotrophy.  (+info)

Acid hydrolysis of bacterial cellulose reveals different modes of synergistic action between cellobiohydrolase I and endoglucanase I. (3/162)

Intact and partially acid hydrolyzed cellulose from Acetobacter xylinum were used as model substrates for cellulose hydrolysis by 1,4-beta-D-glucan-cellobiohydrolase I (CBH I) and 1,4-beta-D-endoglucanase I (EG I) from Trichoderma reesei. A high synergy between CBH I and EG I in simultaneous action was observed with intact bacterial cellulose (BC), but this synergistic effect was rapidly reduced by acid pretreatment of the cellulose. Moreover, a distinct synergistic effect was observed upon sequential endo-exo action on BC, but not on bacterial microcrystalline cellulose (BMCC). A mechanism for endo-exo synergism on crystalline cellulose is proposed where the simultaneous action of the enzymes counteract the decrease of activity caused by undesirable changes in the cellulose surface microstructure.  (+info)

Identification of essential amino acids in the bacterial alpha -mannosyltransferase aceA. (4/162)

The alpha-mannosyltransferase AceA from Acetobacter xylinum belongs to the CaZY family 4 of retaining glycosyltransferases. We have identified a series of either highly conserved or invariant residues that are found in all family 4 enzymes as well as other retaining glycosyltransferases. These residues included Glu-287 and Glu-295, which comprise an EX(7)E motif and have been proposed to be involved in catalysis. Alanine replacements of each conserved residue were constructed by site-directed mutagenesis. The mannosyltransferase activity of each mutant was examined by both an in vitro transferase assay using recombinant mutant AceA expressed in Escherichia coli and by an in vivo rescue assay by expressing the mutant AceA in a Xanthomonas campestris gumH(-) strain. We found that only mutants K211A and E287A lost all detectable activity both in vitro and in vivo, whereas E295A retained residual activity in the more sensitive in vivo assay. H127A and S162A each retained reduced but significant activities both in vitro and in vivo. Secondary structure predictions of AceA and subsequent comparison with the crystal structures of the T4 beta-glucosyltransferase and MurG suggest that AceA Lys-211 and Glu-295 are involved in nucleotide sugar donor binding, leaving Glu-287 of the EX(7)E as a potential catalytic residue.  (+info)

Characterization of a major cluster of nif, fix, and associated genes in a sugarcane endophyte, Acetobacter diazotrophicus. (5/162)

A major 30.5-kb cluster of nif and associated genes of Acetobacter diazotrophicus (syn. Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus), a nitrogen-fixing endophyte of sugarcane, was sequenced and analyzed. This cluster represents the largest assembly of contiguous nif-fix and associated genes so far characterized in any diazotrophic bacterial species. Northern blots and promoter sequence analysis indicated that the genes are organized into eight transcriptional units. The overall arrangement of genes is most like that of the nif-fix cluster in Azospirillum brasilense, while the individual gene products are more similar to those in species of Rhizobiaceae or in Rhodobacter capsulatus.  (+info)

Gluconacetobacter entanii sp. nov., isolated from submerged high-acid industrial vinegar fermentations. (6/162)

Acetic acid bacteria have been isolated from submerged high-acid spirit vinegar fermentations in the Southern part of Germany. Four strains (LTH 4560T, LTH 4341, LTH 4551 and LTH 4637) were characterized in more detail and it was revealed that they have in common certain properties such as requirement of acetic acid, ethanol and glucose for growth, and no over-oxidation of acetate. Growth occurs only at total concentrations (sum of acetic acid and ethanol) exceeding 6.0%. A method for their preservation was developed. Comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA revealed sequence similarities of >99% between strain LTH 4560T and the type strains of the related species Gluconacetobacter hansenii. However, low levels of DNA relatedness (<41 %) were determined in DNA-DNA similarity studies. In addition, specific physiological characteristics permitted a clear identification of the strains within established species of acetic acid bacteria. The strains could also be differentiated on the basis of the distribution of IS element 1031 C within the chromosome. Based on these results, the new species Gluconacetobacter entanii sp. nov. is proposed for strain LTH 4560T ( = DSM 13536T). A 16S-rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probe was constructed that was specific for G. entanii, and the phylogenetic position of the new species was derived from a 16S-rRNA-based tree.  (+info)

Transfer of Acetobacter oboediens Sokollek et al 1998 and Acetobacter intermedius Boesch et al. 1998 to the genus Gluconacetobacter as Gluconacetobacter oboediens comb. nov. and Gluconacetobacter intermedius comb. nov. (7/162)

Acetobacter oboediens Sokollek et al. 1998 and Acetobacter intermedius Boesch et al. 1998 are transferred to the genus Gluconacetobacter as Gluconacetobacter oboediens comb. nov. and Gluconacetobacter intermedius comb. nov. because, on the basis of their 16S rRNA gene sequences, the type strains of both species are located in the cluster of the genus Gluconacetobacter along with those of Gluconacetobacter xylinus, Gluconacetobacter europaeus, Gluconacetobacter hansenii, Gluconacetobacter liquefaciens (the type species) and Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus. The significance of growth on mannitol agar and the presence of a ubiquinone isoprenologue composed of Q-10 is discussed for characterization of the genus Gluconacetobacter.  (+info)

Characterization of acetic acid bacteria in traditional acetic acid fermentation of rice vinegar (komesu) and unpolished rice vinegar (kurosu) produced in Japan. (8/162)

Bacterial strains were isolated from samples of Japanese rice vinegar (komesu) and unpolished rice vinegar (kurosu) fermented by the traditional static method. Fermentations have never been inoculated with a pure culture since they were started in 1907. A total of 178 isolates were divided into groups A and B on the basis of enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus-PCR and random amplified polymorphic DNA fingerprinting analyses. The 16S ribosomal DNA sequences of strains belonging to each group showed similarities of more than 99% with Acetobacter pasteurianus. Group A strains overwhelmingly dominated all stages of fermentation of both types of vinegar. Our results indicate that appropriate strains of acetic acid bacteria have spontaneously established almost pure cultures during nearly a century of komesu and kurosu fermentation.  (+info)

Acetobacter aceti has yet to be reported as a pathogenic microbe to humans or animals. Acetobacter aceti does not produce any toxins, enzymes, or any viruses that harm any human or animal. Since Acetobacter aceti is ubiquitous in nature and there is contact of this bacterium on all animals on a frequent basis. Acetobacter aceti is not a portion of normal flora of bacteria on human skin. The only potential pathology it could present is if presented in mass quantities, an allergic or immune response could occur. Acetobacter aceti does produce alcohols, meaning if consumed in large quantities, these alcohols could affect the central nervous system, causing intoxication via alcohol, a byproduct of Acetobacter aceti, although alcoholism or intoxication is not due to the bacterium. Acetobacter aceti is known to cause rotting and browning discoloration in fruits such as apples, pears, and citrus products. Acetobacter aceti is known for causing pink disease in pineapple, which is the turning of the ...
Acetobacter is a genus of acetic acid bacteria. Acetic acid bacteria are characterized by the ability to convert ethanol to acetic acid in the presence of oxygen. Of these, the genus Acetobacter is distinguished by the ability to oxidize lactate and acetate into carbon dioxide and water. Bacteria of the genus Acetobacter have been isolated from industrial vinegar fermentation processes and are frequently used as fermentation starter cultures. In 1998, two strains of Acetobacter isolated from red wine and cider vinegar were named Acetobacter oboediens and Acetobacter pomorum. In 2000, Acetobacter oboediens and Acetobacter intermedius were transferred to Gluconacetobacter on the basis of 16S rRNA sequencing. In 2002, Acetobacter cerevisiae and Acetobacter malorum were identified by 16S rRNA sequence analysis of Acetobacter strains. In 2006, a strain of Acetobacter isolated from spoiled red wine was named Acetobacter oeni. Parte, A.C. "Acetobacter". www.bacterio.net. Cleenwerck I; Vandemeulebroecke ...
The membrane-bound alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) activity of Acetobacter pasteurianus NCI1380 was enhanced more than 10-fold by the addition of ethanol to the medium. In order to elucidate the mechanism of the ethanol induction, a gene cluster encoding the dehydrogenase and cytochrome c subunits of ADH was cloned from this strain, and its nucleotide sequence was determined. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequences and the NH2-terminal sequences determined with purified proteins showed that the dehydrogenase and cytochrome c subunits contained typical signal peptides of 35 and 26 amino acids, respectively. Transcriptional analysis of the cloned genes by primer extension revealed that the gene cluster was transcribed from two different promoters upstream from the dehydrogenase gene. One (59 bp upstream of the ATG start codon) of the two promoters was used in the presence of ethanol, whereas the other (232 bp upstream of the ATG start codon) was used in the absence of ethanol. Immunoblot ...
A Tn5-based transposon bearing the kil gene (killing protein), mediating controlled export of periplasmic proteins into the culture medium, was constructed (Tn5-KIL3). This transposon contained the kil gene of the ColE1 plasmid under the growth-phase-dependent promoter of the fic gene (filamentation induced by cAMP) of Escherichia coli, an interposon located upstream of kil, a kanamycin/neomycin-resistance gene, a multiple cloning site and the mob site. The transposition of Tn5-KIL3 to Acetobacter methanolicus showed a moderate transposition frequency (10(-5)-10(-6)). By insertion of a Bacillus hybrid beta-glucanase (bgl) as a model protein into the transposon (Tn5-LF3) it was shown that the secretion function as well as the gene of the target protein had been transferred to and stably integrated into the chromosome of A, methanolicus, and that the transposition of Tn5-LF3 was non-specific. beta-Glucanase was highly overexpressed and secreted into the medium during stationary phase. Total and ...
Acetobacter tropicalis cyto3, cyto1, cyto2, adhA, adhB genes for cytochrome o ubiquinol oxidase subunit III, cytochrome o ubiquinol oxidase subunit I, cytochrome o ubiquinol oxidase subunit II, hypothetical protein, membrane-bound alcohol dehydrogenase subunit I, membrane-bound alcohol dehydrogenase subunit II, complete cds, strain: NBRC ...
Biohazard level, growth media and temperature, gram stain, industrial applications and more information for Acetobacter senegalensis.
Acetic acid bacteria are known for their ability to oxidize ethanol to acetic acid. This study investigated to identify dominant strain acetic acid bacteria involving in fermented juice of mango and capable to produce Vinegar, total of 4 bacteria (CRSBAN-BVA1, CRSBAN-BVK1, CRSBAN-BVK2, CRSBAN-BVI1) bacteria strains were preselected ¶for the analyses. The strains were examined with biochemical, physiological and phenotypical methods such as Gram die, catalase and oxidase test, ethanol oxidation to acetic acid, and over to CO2 and H2O and also metabolism of carbohydrate was tested, for their affiliation to the genera of acetic acid bacteria. Subsequently, genotypic identification was conducted by sequencing the gene coding for 16S rRNA of one targeted strain and phylogenetic analysis was realized throughout 16S rRNA sequences. The results showed that one of the isolated strain (CRSBAN-BVA1) present 99. 90% of similarity in the sequence 16S rRNA region with Acetobacter tropicalis. It demonstrated
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Alphaproteobacteria; Rhodospirillales; Acetobacteraceae; Acetobacter; Acetobacter pasteurianus; Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. ...
Acetobacter pasteurianus strain CECT 824 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequence; and 16S-23S ribosomal RNA intergenic spacer, tRNA-Ile and tRNA-Ala genes, complete ...
The citrate cycle (TCA cycle, Krebs cycle) is an important aerobic pathway for the final steps of the oxidation of carbohydrates and fatty acids. The cycle starts with acetyl-CoA, the activated form of acetate, derived from glycolysis and pyruvate oxidation for carbohydrates and from beta oxidation of fatty acids. The two-carbon acetyl group in acetyl-CoA is transferred to the four-carbon compound of oxaloacetate to form the six-carbon compound of citrate. In a series of reactions two carbons in citrate are oxidized to CO2 and the reaction pathway supplies NADH for use in the oxidative phosphorylation and other metabolic processes. The pathway also supplies important precursor metabolites including 2-oxoglutarate. At the end of the cycle the remaining four-carbon part is transformed back to oxaloacetate. According to the genome sequence data, many organisms seem to lack genes for the full cycle [MD:M00009], but contain genes for specific segments [MD:M00010 M00011 ...
In Japan, the polished rice vinegar komesu and the unpolished rice vinegar kurosu are traditional seasonings that are made through saccharification of rice, alcohol fermentation, and oxidation of ethanol to acetic acid. The traditional and most common method for producing these vinegars is called static surface acetic acid fermentation: an alcoholic liquid with vinegar, called moromi, is fermented in covered containers to prevent bacterial contamination; after a few days, a crepe pellicle of acetic acid bacteria, which are generally in the Acetobacter genera, covers the moromi surface and the fermentation is allowed to continue for about a month. Weak acid acetate is a typical product of microbial metabolism and is known for its cytotoxic effects like the retardation of growth. This is related to the "weak lipophilic nature of the undissociated acid that enables the molecule to cross the cytoplasmic membrane" (Steiner and Sauer 2001). This movement of molecules is thought to throw off ion ...
Most acidophile organisms have evolved extremely efficient mechanisms to pump protons out of the intracellular space in order to keep the cytoplasm at or near neutral pH. Therefore, intracellular proteins do not need to develop acid stability through evolution. However, other acidophiles, such as Acetobacter aceti, have an acidified cytoplasm which forces nearly all proteins in the genome to evolve acid stability.[7] For this reason, Acetobacter aceti has become a valuable resource for understanding the mechanisms by which proteins can attain acid stability. Studies of proteins adapted to low pH have revealed a few general mechanisms by which proteins can achieve acid stability. In most acid stable proteins (such as pepsin and the soxF protein from Sulfolobus acidocaldarius), there is an overabundance of acidic residues which minimizes low pH destabilization induced by a buildup of positive charge. Other mechanisms include minimization of solvent accessibility of acidic residues or binding of ...
Video created by Hebrew University of Jerusalem for the course Synapses, Neurons and Brains . During this module we will have a special lecture which will be given by Prof. Israel Nelken from the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, who will discuss ...
DNA methylation (chemical changes in the DNA molecule) is a very basic aspect of animal cell biology involved in the regulation of a large number of physiological, developmental and pathological processes. The foundations of this field were laid, almost exclusively, through the work of Cedar and Razin. Born in the US in 1943, Howard Cedar received his Ph.D. from New York University in 1970. From 1971 to 1973, he was a research associate at the National Institutes of Health in the US. Prof. Cedar has been associated with the Hebrew University of Jerusalem since 1973 in the Department of Cellular Biochemistry and Human Genetics at the Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School. He is the incumbent of the Harry and Helen L. Brenner Chair in Molecular Biology and is a member of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Born in Israel in 1935, Aharon Razin received his Ph.D. in 1967, from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He was a research fellow at the California Institute of Technology in ...
According to Mr. Shoseyov, a professor of plant molecular biology, protein engineering and nano-biotechnology at The Hebrew University in Jerusalem, Chef-it can imitate the flavor effect of different cooking styles, such as grilling, baking, and frying.. A prototype of this machine, located at the Hebrew Universitys Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment in Rehovot, in central Israel, currently takes 10 minutes to print a single burger, Mr. Shoseyov told Calcalist in an interview Tuesday. Chef-its team is hard at work bringing the printing time down to three minutes, he added.. The companys first target markets include coworking spaces, offices, and food trucks, Mr. Shoseyov said. The company successfully printed its first burger six months ago and is expecting to hit the market within two years.. A fast and convincing alternative to meat, Chef-It is setting out to deliver products that are environmentally-friendly and potentially healthier than traditional processed foods. Cellulose, ...
Biohazard level, growth media and temperature, gram stain, industrial applications and more information for Acetobacter orleanensis.
Lambic beer production processes are characterized by a temporal succession of well-adapted microbial species. Temporal metagenomic analysis of a Belgian, traditional, lambic beer production process, which was examined microbiologically and metabolomically before, confirmed that the microbial diversity is limited. Moreover, it allowed to link the consumption and production of certain compounds to specific microbial groups or species. Fermentation characteristics, such as the conversion of malic acid into lactic acid and acetoin production, were retrieved and could be attributed to specific microorganisms, namely Pediococcus damnosus and Acetobacter species, respectively. Traits previously ascribed to brewery-specific Dekkera bruxellensis strains were confirmed during the lambic beer production process examined multiphasically; in particular, the higher production of 4-ethylguaiacol compared to 4-ethylphenol was further shown by mass spectrometric analysis. Moreover, the absence of phenolic acid
...A team of scientists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem has found a...Smell plays an important role in our lives: It influences the way in w...Scent in flowers and plants is used to attract pollinating insects lik...In research that was published recently in the Plant Biotechnology ...,Scent,on,demand:,Hebrew,University,scientists,enhance,the,scent,of,flowers,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
Video created by Hebrew University of Jerusalem for the course Synapses, Neurons and Brains . In this module we will discuss the Electrifying brain - passive electrical signals. We will show that neurons are electrical device and learn what ...
Video created by Hebrew University of Jerusalem for the course Synapses, Neurons and Brains . In this module we will discuss the Electrifying brain - passive electrical signals. We will show that neurons are electrical device and learn what ...
Eighteen gram-negative bacilli and cocci were selected from 40 isolates in naturally fermenting nipa sap from Paombong, Bulacan. When grown and screened in pasteurized nipa sap, 10 high acetic acid-yielding isolates were further selected. Based on their morphological and physiological characteristics, they were identified as Acetobacter aceti subsp. aceti, A. paradoxus subsp. paradoxus, six isolates of A. ascendens subsp. ascendens, A. lovaniensis subsp. lovaniensis and A. rancens subsp. pasteurianus ...
January 2, 2018 , British and Israeli research institutions will team up to work on four joint projects concerning stem cells over the course of a three-year period, the British Council announced last month. They will be awarded £1.5 million ($2,033,175 million) for their efforts by the Britain Israel Research and Academic Exchange (BIRAX) program, a £10 million ($13.5 million) initiative of the British Council to invest in significant research from the cooperation of British and Israeli scientists. The projects will develop stem cell treatments for diabetes, heart disease, leukemia, anemia, and Alzheimers, according to the British Council. The new round partners together British scientists from Edinburgh University, Exeter University, University of Cambridge, and the University of Glasgow with Israeli scientists from Weizmann Institute of Science, the Technion - Israel Institute for Technology, and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. One of the projects will have a Weizmann Institute of ...
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem is the 11th best university in the world for Mathematics, according to the 2017 Global Ranking of Academic Subjects.
A new, groundbreaking study by the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) found a way to transform skin cells into the three major stem cell types that comprise early-stage embryos. This work has significant implications for modeling embryonic disease and placental dysfunctions, as well as paving the way to create whole embryos from skin cells.. As published in Cell Stem Cell, Dr. Yossi Buganim of HUs Department of Developmental Biology and Cancer Research and his team discovered a set of genes capable of transforming murine skin cells into all three of the cell types that comprise the early embryo: the embryo itself, the placenta and the extraembryonic tissues, such as the umbilical cord. In the future, it may be possible to create entire human embryos out of human skin cells, without the need for sperm or eggs. This discovery also has vast implications for modeling embryonic defects and shedding light on placental dysfunctions, as well as solving certain infertility problems by creating human ...
The consortium includes Prof. Dani Zamir of the Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment of the Hebrew University. Other scientists in the project are from Argentina, Belgium, China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Spain, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States.. When Columbus brought tomato seed from America to the old world some 500 years ago, he probably never imagined that it would be such a major contributor to human nutrition, health, culinary pleasure and international cooperation. ...
Funded by FP7 Marie Curie fellowship (EU), then by Marie Heim-Voegtlin (SNF) career grant. PhD from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem 2008, with Prof. Yossi Gruenbaum, on the functional analysis of lamin proteins in C. elegans. First postdoc in Prof. Eran Meshorer at the Hebrew University on chromatin organization in embryonic pluripotent stem cells ...
With the current outbreak of the flu season in Israel, hospitals are reporting overcrowding, and doctors are advising people who have not yet been vaccinated against flu to get their shots.. Surprisingly, however, three physicists - one from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and two others from Michigan State University - have developed an unconventional, theoretical strategy for intensive but limited vaccination against infectious diseases (such as flu) that would replace the practice of mass inoculation over a prolonged period. The physicists developed their theory using a technique borrowed from quantum mechanics.. How does it work? The program is based on accelerating the natural extinction of the disease through selective vaccination.. Prof. Baruch Meerson of the Racah Institute of Physics at the Hebrew University explains the strategy:. "Consider an unfortunate situation when an infectious disease has spread over a population, and a certain portion of the population is sick. Most of the ...
Lab rat. Cedar says he was not the best student in NYUs MD/PhD program, but he did enjoy learning about the life sciences. "I was infatuated with general biology principles. It was the beginning of the molecular biology revolution," says Cedar. After three years of medical school and clinical rotations, Cedar chose to work with James Schwartz, who started at NYU as a microbiologist and then became a neurobiologist, using the sea slug Aplysia to study how memory works. Part of Schwartzs research included examining how learning affects chromatin structure. Cedar was Schwartzs first graduate student. "Its very good to be the first graduate student; you get a lot of attention," says Cedar. He studied E. colis synthesis of L-asparaginase, which catalyzes the hydrolysis of the amino acid asparagine to aspartic acid, and purified asparagine synthetase from the bacterium to study how that enzyme catalyzes the reverse reaction, using aspartate to produce the amino acid in vitro. Cedar enjoyed ...
A STUDENT IN THE MILITARY DOCTORS TRAINING COURSE AT THE HEBREW UNIVERSITY AND THE MEDICAL CORPS WAS CHOSEN AS OUTSTANDING CADET IN INTERNATIONAL COURSE OF MILITARY MEDICINE IN THE USA December 4, 2017. The following is based on an article translated from Ynet on December 4, 2017. http://www.ynet.co.il/articles/0,7340,L-5040648,00.html Ofek Arieli, a student in […]. ...
According to the Initiative for Measuring Performance, "research matters more than anything else in defining the best institutions," which is why the Hebrew University is consistently ranked among the top 100 universities worldwide.. Renowned for their pioneering efforts and the scope of their scientific inquiry, the investigators at the Hebrew University Faculty of Medicine produce over one-quarter of all Israeli medical and biological research papers each year. The importance of their results is evidenced by their inclusion in over 950 scientific publications annually and the more than 30 patents Faculty members are awarded yearly for their innovative approaches to complex medical challenges.. The Faculty of Medicines researchers and scientists receive numerous international funding grants with almost one in five preclinical researchers a recipient of a prestigious European Research Council award. As the volume and value of the Faculty of Medicines contributions to medical and scientific ...
damage_to_normal_dna_is_a_hallmark_of_cancer_cells_although_it_had_previously_been_known_that_damage_to_normal_cells_is_caused_by_stress_to_their_dna_replication_when_cancerous_cells_invade_the_molecular_basis_for_this_remained_unclear_
CNGBdb provides a vast amount of Streptococcus pasteurianus data resources and biological information for research and paper in literature, gene, variation, protein, sequence, project, sample, experiment and assembly database.
The stiffer the ink, the harder it is for them to move. If the hydrogel is too stiff, however, Acetobacter secretes less cellulose, researchers said.
A priority queue, or heap, is a data structure that accepts items in any order and emits them in sorted order. In previous exercises we have implemented priority queues using leftist heaps, pairing heaps, and maxiphobic heaps, and we have used them in sorting algorithms, a prime number generator, calculating the minimum spanning tree of…
A priority queue, or heap, is a data structure that accepts items in any order and emits them in sorted order. In previous exercises we have implemented priority queues using leftist heaps, pairing heaps, and maxiphobic heaps, and we have used them in sorting algorithms, a prime number generator, calculating the minimum spanning tree of…
Yoram, I tried it once out of a kit my colleague purchased, and it worked suprisingly well. 5 min ligation using one microliter of a 50 microliter PCR reaction gave about 200 colonies 60:40 white:blue. Screening showed 80% recombination. Im waiting for sequencing data now, but these results are similar to what my colleague has found, and his first cloning was successful. I might add that the PCR reaction I used was from degenerate oligos, and the products were rather small, which this method clones preferentially. However,I havent has results from shotgun ligations this good since 1986. Good luck, Bill McKendree USDA-ARS Orlando, FL On 9 Jan 1998, Yoram Gerchman wrote: , Any one had experience with TOPO PCR cloning kit? How many colony can one , expect and what yield? , , ......................................................................... , Yoram Gerchman , Division of Microbial & Molecular Ecology , The Institute of Life Sciences , Hebrew University of Jerusalem , Givat Ram, Jerusalem ...
All of our genetic information is encoded in DNA. In order for genes to be expressed as functional proteins in our cells, they must first be copied (or transcribed) into single-stranded RNA molecules, known as messenger RNA (mRNA). These genetic instructions are then translated into amino acid sequences that make up proteins. Recently, a new type of RNA was discovered that forms in a closed, continuous loop, rather than in a linear molecule - known as circular RNA (circRNA). It turns out that circRNA are abundant in cells, but they are very poorly understood. Despite this, these RNA molecules seem to play a role in the development and progression of degenerative diseases. A recently published study from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem has given us a better idea of how circRNA are produced in the cell ...
A native Montrealer, Dr. Wainberg was a Professor in the Departments of Microbiology and Immunology, Pediatrics, and Medicine at McGill University. He received his Bachelor of Science degree from McGill and his Ph.D. from Columbia University in New York. After working at the Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School in Jerusalem as a post doctoral research fellow and lecturer, he joined the LDI as a staff investigator in 1974. ...
... is a PhD student at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in the fields of Physics and Computational Biology. Her research focuses on the analysis of genetic networks and specific regulatory modules within them. Mor explores questions that deal with the way functionality drives architecture and vice versa, the genetic sources of host-pathogen interactions, how organisms can efficiently switch between phenotypic modes according to a changing environment, how different layers of regulation contribute to the functionality of the network, and more. The insights she hopes to provide can contribute both to effective synthetic design of regulatory mechanisms and to the understanding of the genetic origins of different diseases. ...
Diabetics chances of developing dementia or Alzheimers disease could be significantly reduced thanks to a new molecule created by researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. High levels of sugar in the blood have been identified as a risk factor in dementia, impaired cognition, and a decline of brain function in diabetics and non-diabetics alike. The chance of diabetics developing Alzheimers disease is twice as high as those not suffering …Read More. ...
Eurographics Symposium on Rendering (2005) Kavita Bala, Philip Dutré (Editors) Colorization by Example R. Irony 1, D. Cohen-Or 1, and D. Lischinski 2 1 Tel-Aviv University 2 The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Video created by Hebrew University of Jerusalem for the course Synapses, Neurons and Brains . In this module we will discuss the Electrifying brain - passive electrical signals. We will show that neurons are electrical device and learn what ...
We are located in the Australian wing of the Mount Scopus campus of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. It is in the immediate vicinity of the library of the School of Education.. map. ...
ScienceDaily (Apr. 5, 2009) - Can peoples differing reactions to situations of stress be attributed at least in part to genetic differences and do those differences affect men and women in different ways - with the edge seemingly favoring the women? Research conducted at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem would seem to indicate that the answer to both questions is yes.. Some people appear to be resilient to difficult conditions, whereas others react adversely to such challenges, incurring a range of physical and mental disorders. Much research has shown that the way in which the brain and body adapt to acute and chronic stress are critical for physical and mental health. Further, according to a recent report by the World Health Organization (WHO), stress will be the second leading cause of mortality worldwide over the next 20 years.. It is generally believed that the genetic code plays a prominent role in different responses to stress. It has been estimated that the heredity factor determines ...
Researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed molecules that inhibit fish reproduction and consequently boost growth rates.
Expatriates could soon be able to discover whether or not their child is likely to develop autism, following a study at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Shop DO NOT USE - SKU#82976 at Staples. Choose from our wide selection of DO NOT USE - SKU#82976 and get fast & free shipping on select orders.
However, Hebrew University professor and former Foreign Ministry legal adviser Robi Sabel said that much of the media discussion misunderstood the High Courts opinion on the issue. He said the court did not endorse the use of enhanced interrogation to thwart a ticking bomb scenario, but that in such a scenario there would not be a basis to convict a Shin Bet agent for reasonably using enhanced interrogation ...
Compost heaps consist of decomposing organic matter.The accompanying high temperatures and moist conditions add to the fact that these heaps are ideal breeding gounds for bacteria
I ended up with the data as seen to the left. Each "Heapshot" iteration represents opening, then closing, an untitled window with no data in it.. The "Heap Growth" and "Still Alive" columns provide a summation of all of the objects in that heapshot that still exist in all subsequent samplings of the heap. That is, in Heapshot 3, there were 36.08K of allocations spread across 260 allocation events that continued to exist throughout the rest of the run.. Specifically: the values in those columns represent permanent heap growth.. When creating, then closing, an untitled document there should be, ideally, no heap growth. That there is ~35K per document of permanent heap growth indicates that a leak does exist (regardless of what leaks said above).. Note that as you continue to iterate, you might see the values of previous Heapshot samples decrease. That is because objects allocated in that sample - at that heap mark - have been released. That is, every single object listed in that table - all ...
For the acetic acid production are considered three kind of bacteria: Clostridium aceticum; Acetobacter woodii; and Clostridium ...
Acetobacter, Pseudomonas and Gluconobacter. In its pure form, it is a white to off-white powder. It can also be made by ...
"Re-examination of the genus Acetobacter, with descriptions of Acetobacter cerevisiae sp. nov. and Acetobacter malorum sp. nov ...
Kasai T, Suzuki I, Asai T (1962). "[Glyoxylic oxidase system in Acetobacter.]". Koso Kagaku Shimpojiumu. 17: 77-81. Molecular ...
Acetobacter SCOBY William Theodore Brann (1889). A Practical Treatise on the Manufacture of Vinegar and Acetates, Cider, and ... Currently, the preferred naming is Acetobacter aceti. Mother of vinegar can also form in store-bought vinegar if there is some ... 8. ed., Thieme press, Stuttgart "Acetobacter aceti". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 19 May 2016. Food portal. ...
KING TE, CHELDELIN VH (1956). "Oxidation of acetaldehyde by Acetobacter suboxydans". J. Biol. Chem. 220 (1): 177-91. PMID ... Tanenbaum SW (1956). "The metabolism of Acetobacter peroxidans. I. Oxidative enzymes". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 21 (2): 335-342 ...
The type genus is Acetobacter. Ten genera from Acetobacteraceae make up the acetic acid bacteria. Acetobacteraceae was proposed ... and Intergenic Similarities of the Ribosomal Ribonucleic Acid Cistrons of Acetobacter and Gluconobacter". International Journal ... as a family for Acetobacter and Gluconobacter based on rRNA and DNA-DNA hybridization comparisons in 1980. Acetobacteraceae ...
Seurinck J, Van, de Voorde A, Van Montagu M (July 1983). "A new restriction endonuclease from Acetobacter pasteurianus". ... Grones J, Turna J (March 1993). "Some properties of restriction endonuclease ApaBI from Acetobacter pasteurianus". Biochim ... "Acetobacter xylinus"". Agric Biol Chem. 47: 2871-9. doi:10.1271/bbb1961.47.2871. ...
Nov., Incorporating Acetobacter methanolicus as Acidomonas methanolica comb. Nov". International Journal of Systematic ... formerly known as Acetobacter methanolicus The name Acidomonas derives from: Latin adjective acidus, sour, acid; Latin feminine ...
Nov., Incorporating Acetobacter methanolicus as Acidomonas methanolica comb. Nov". International Journal of Systematic ...
Sugisaki H, Maekawa Y, Kanazawa S, Takanami M (October 1982). "New restriction endonucleases from Acetobacter aceti and ...
"Purification and characterization of aldehyde dehydrogenase of Acetobacter aceti". Agric. Biol. Chem. 45: 1889-1890. doi: ...
2. The polyol dehydrogenases of Acetobacter suboxydans and Candida utilis". Biochem. J. 64 (3): 385-94. PMC 1199748 . PMID ...
2. The polyol dehydrogenases of Acetobacter suboxydans and Candida utilis. Biochem. J. 64, 385-394.[www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov PMID ...
Adachi and colleagues discovered that PQQ was also found in Acetobacter. A novel aspect of PQQ is its biosynthesis in bacteria ...
Regulation of cellulose synthesis in Acetobacter xylinum by cyclic diguanylic acid P. Ross Nature, 1987 Benach, J; Swaminathan ... "Regulation of cellulose synthesis in Acetobacter xylinum by cyclic diguanylic acid". Nature. 325 (6101): 279-81. doi:10.1038/ ...
Ameyama M (1978). "Crystalline 2-ketogluconate reductase from Acetobacter ascendens, the second instance of crystalline enzyme ... crystallization and properties of 2-ketogluconate reductase from Acetobacter rancens". Agric. Biol. Chem. 40: 175-184. doi: ... in genus Acetobacter". Agric. Biol. Chem. 42: 2057. doi:10.1271/bbb1961.42.2057. Chiyonobu T, Shinagawa E, Adachi O, Ameyama M ...
V. Isolation of alpha-hydroxy-gamma-ketoglutarate (HKG) in Acetobacter suboxydans". Biochemistry. 5 (7): 2392-8. doi:10.1021/ ...
Benziman, M., Perez, L. (1965)."The participation of vitamin K in malate oxidation by Acetobacter xylinum". Biochemical and ...
"The synthesis of cellulose in cell-free extracts of Acetobacter xylinum". J. Biol. Chem. 232 (2): 627-36. PMID 13549448. ...
This drink contains Gluconacetobacter xylinus.[36][37] It also contains Zygosaccharomyces sp., Acetobacter pasteurianus, A. ...
acetan (Acetobacter xylinum) alginate (Azotobacter vinelandii) cellulose (Acetobacter xylinum) chitosan (Mucorales spp.) ...
If the wine is exposed to oxygen, Acetobacter bacteria will convert the ethanol into acetic acid. This process is known as the ... Two notable exceptions to this are Acetobacter and the lactic acid bacteria. In red wines, acidity helps preserve and stabilize ...
Cozier, G.E.; Giles, I.G.; Anthony, C. (1995). "The structure of the quinoprotein alcohol dehydrogenase of Acetobacter aceti ... Reactivity with ubiquinone of pyrroloquinoline quinone-dependent alcohol dehydrogenases purified from Acetobacter aceti and ... "A novel type of formaldehyde-oxidizing enzyme from the membrane of Acetobacter sp. SKU 14". Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 70 (4 ... while NAD-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase in ethanol assimilation in Acetobacter pasteurianus SKU1108". J. Biosci. Bioeng. 96 ( ...
STRUCTURE OF THE CELLULOSE SYNTHESIZED BY THE ACTION OF ACETOBACTER XYLINUS ON FRUCTOSE AND GLYCEROL." Canadian Journal of ... T. Yoshino, T. Asakura, and K. Toda, "Cellulose production by Acetobacter pasteurianus on silicone membrane," Journal of ... Polysaccharide synthesis by the action of Acetobacter xylinus on carbohydrates and related compounds." Canadian Journal of ... S. Williams and R. Cannon, "Alternative Environmental Roles for Cellulose Produced by Acetobacter xylinum," Applied and ...
In 2002, Acetobacter cerevisiae and Acetobacter malorum were identified by 16S rRNA sequence analysis of Acetobacter strains. ... In 2006, a strain of Acetobacter isolated from spoiled red wine was named Acetobacter oeni. Parte, A.C. "Acetobacter". www. ... In 1998, two strains of Acetobacter isolated from red wine and cider vinegar were named Acetobacter oboediens and Acetobacter ... In 2000, Acetobacter oboediens and Acetobacter intermedius were transferred to Gluconacetobacter on the basis of 16S rRNA ...
What is Acetobacter xylinum? Meaning of Acetobacter xylinum medical term. What does Acetobacter xylinum mean? ... Looking for online definition of Acetobacter xylinum in the Medical Dictionary? Acetobacter xylinum explanation free. ... Acetobacter. (redirected from Acetobacter xylinum). Also found in: Encyclopedia. Acetobacter. /Ace·to·bac·ter/ (ah-se″to-bak´ ... Acetobacter. A genus of rod-shaped, flagellated or nonmotile bacteria that oxidise ethanol to acetic acid.. Habitat Acetobacter ...
... Andrew Hui ahui at julian.uwo.ca Mon Feb 9 15:09:00 EST 1998 *Previous message: DNA and errors ... Hi Im trying to produce cellulose in an agitated culture using acetobacter xylinum subsp. sucrofermentans. I read an article ...
But I believe Acetobacter grows mostly as a pellicle on , the surface of liquids. This presents a much tougher problem. If ... acetobacter xylinum growth rate?. Emir Khatipov khatipovNO at NOuchicago.edu Thu Aug 29 12:12:49 EST 2002 *Previous message: ... If you can get the Acetobacter to grow in suspended culture, any of the methods , mentioned will work. ...
Acetobacter cerevisiae at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Acetobacter cerevisiae at BacDive - the Bacterial ... Valera, Maria José; Torija, Maria Jesús; Mas, Albert; Mateo, Estibaliz (2013). "Acetobacter malorum and Acetobacter cerevisiae ... with descriptions of Acetobacter cerevisiae sp. nov. and Acetobacter malorum sp. nov". International Journal of Systematic and ... Acetobacter cerevisiae is a species of Gram negative acetic acid bacteria. Its type strain is LMG 1625T (= DSM 14362T = NCIB ...
Acetobacter pomorum; Acetobacter subgen. Acetobacter aceti; Acetobacter syzygii; Acetobacter tropicalis; Acetobacter sp.. ... Acetobacter calcoaceticus; Acetobacter cerevisiae; Acetobacter cibinongensis; Acetobacter diazotrophicus; Acetobacter ... Acetobacter lovaniensis; Acetobacter malorum; Acetobacter orientalis; Acetobacter orleanensis; Acetobacter pasteurianus; ... Acetobacter bacteria, such as Acetobacter diazotrophicus that can be isolated from coffee plants or sugarcane, are acid- ...
Regulation of cellulose synthesis in Acetobacter xylinum by cyclic diguanylic acid.. Ross P, Weinhouse H, Aloni Y, Michaeli D, ... A model system to study the mechanism of cellulose biogenesis is the bacterium Acetobacter xylinum which produces pure ...
"Whole-genome analyses reveal genetic instability of Acetobacter pasteurianus.". Azuma Y., Hosoyama A., Matsutani M., Furuya N. ... Acetobacter pasteurianus is an acetic acid bacterium traditionally used in the production of fermented food; strain NBRC 3283 ( ... Proteomes - Acetobacter pasteurianus (strain NBRC 3283 / LMG 1513 / CCTM 1153). Basket 0 ... This proteome is part of the Acetobacter pasteurianus (strain NBRC 3283 / LMG 1513 / CCTM 1153) pan proteome (fasta) ...
... industrial applications and more information for Acetobacter orleanensis. ... Acetobacter orleanensis was isolated from beer. A synonym for Acetobacter orleanensis is Acetobacter aceti subsp. orleanensis. ... Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Alphaproteobacteria; Rhodospirillales; Acetobacteraceae; Acetobacter. Industrial uses or economic ...
... industrial applications and more information for Acetobacter indonesiensis. ... Acetobacter indonesiensis can rarely cause infections. Usually in immunocomprimised patients.. Disclaimer: This information is ... Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Alphaproteobacteria; Rhodospirillales; Acetobacteraceae; Acetobacter. Industrial uses or economic ...
The crystal structure of Acetobacter aceti PurE was determined to a resolution of 1.55 A and is compared with the known ... The crystal structure of Acetobacter aceti PurE was determined to a resolution of 1.55 A and is compared with the known ... PurE (N5-carboxyaminoimidazole Ribonucleotide Mutase) from the acidophile Acetobacter aceti. *DOI: 10.2210/pdb1U11/pdb ... Acidophilic adaptations in the structure of Acetobacter aceti N5-carboxyaminoimidazole ribonucleotide mutase (PurE).. Settembre ...
Acetobacter tropicalis NBRC 101654Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,F7VH60,F7VH60_9PROT Oxidoreductase OS=Acetobacter tropicalis NBRC 101654 OX=749388 GN=ATPR_2709 PE=3 SV=1 ... cellular organisms › Bacteria › Proteobacteria › Alphaproteobacteria › Rhodospirillales › Acetobacteraceae › Acetobacter › ...
The Acetobacter diazotrophicus SRT4 gene encoding levansucrase (EC 2.4.1.10) (IsdA) was isolated from a genomic library. The ... Molecular characterization of the levansucrase gene from the endophytic sugarcane bacterium Acetobacter diazotrophicus SRT4.. ...
Structure of endo-beta-1,4-glucanase CMCax from Acetobacter xylinum. *DOI: 10.2210/pdb1WZZ/pdb ... Structural characterization of the Acetobacter xylinum endo-beta-1,4-glucanase CMCax required for cellulose biosynthesis.. ... Acetobacter xylinum (= Gluconacetobacter xylinus), determined at 1.65-A resolution. CMCax falls into the glycoside hydrolase ...
View Stock Photo of Acetobacter Aceti Bacteria A Species Found In Vinegar Lm X600. Find premium, high-resolution photos at ...
The transfer of the glucosyl moiety from uridine diphosphate glucose in the presence of Acetobacter xylinum cell-free extracts ...
Coloured scanning electron micrograph of Acetobacter bacteria and Schizosaccharomyces yeast cells in a culture of Kombucha ... Acetobacter and Schizosaccharomyces. Coloured scanning electron micrograph of Acetobacter bacteria and Schizosaccharomyces ... Acetobacter (purple) is rod-shaped, Gram-negative and motile. It is one of the acetic acid bacteria. Schizosaccharomyces (oval ...
Induction by ethanol of alcohol dehydrogenase activity in Acetobacter pasteurianus.. H Takemura, K Kondo, S Horinouchi, T Beppu ... Induction by ethanol of alcohol dehydrogenase activity in Acetobacter pasteurianus.. H Takemura, K Kondo, S Horinouchi, T Beppu ... Induction by ethanol of alcohol dehydrogenase activity in Acetobacter pasteurianus.. H Takemura, K Kondo, S Horinouchi, T Beppu ... Induction by ethanol of alcohol dehydrogenase activity in Acetobacter pasteurianus. Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a ...
Citrate cycle (TCA cycle) - Acetobacter pasteurianus IFO 3283-07 [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML ...
Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of several Acetobacter sp. bacteria (blue/green) on wood. Acetobacter are rod- ... Acetobacter bacteria are used in industry to turn wines, beers and spirits into wine vinegar, malt vinegar and spirit vinegar ... Keywords: acetobacter, acetobacter on, bacteria, bacteria forming, bacterial, bacteriology, bacterium, gram-negative bacteria, ... Caption: Acetobacter bacteria. Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of several Acetobacter sp. bacteria (blue/green) on ...
... aStructure of cellulose Acetobacter xylinum 000100753 269__ $$a2003 000100753 260__ $$c2003 000100753 336__ $$aJournal Articles ...
A digitonin-solubilized cellulose synthase was prepared from Acetobacter xylinum. When this enzyme was incubated under ... Synthesis of Fibrils in Vitro by a Solubilized Cellulose Synthase from Acetobacter xylinum ... Synthesis of Fibrils in Vitro by a Solubilized Cellulose Synthase from Acetobacter xylinum ... Synthesis of Fibrils in Vitro by a Solubilized Cellulose Synthase from Acetobacter xylinum ...
We report a case of Acetobacter indonesiensis pneumonia in a 51-year-old woman after bilateral lung transplantation. We found 2 ... Acetobacter indonesiensis bacteremia in child with metachromatic leukodystrophy. Emerg Infect Dis. 2016;22:1681-3. DOIPubMed ... Acetobacter indonesiensis pneumonia after lung transplant. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14:997-8. DOIPubMed ... The genus Acetobacter encompasses a group of acetic acid-producing organisms that can survive at low pH, largely occupy ...
ascendens (Henneberg 1898) and Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. paradoxus (Frateur 1950) as Acetobacter ascendens sp. nov., comb ... Acetobacter oryzifermentans sp. nov., isolated from Korean traditional vinegar and reclassification of the type strains of ... Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Alphaproteobacteria; Rhodospirillales; Acetobacteraceae; Acetobacter. Data source. GenBank (Assembly ...
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