Acetobacter: A species of gram-negative bacteria of the family ACETOBACTERACEAE found in FLOWERS and FRUIT. Cells are ellipsoidal to rod-shaped and straight or slightly curved.Gluconacetobacter xylinus: A species of acetate-oxidizing bacteria, formerly known as Acetobacter xylinum.Acetic Acid: Product of the oxidation of ethanol and of the destructive distillation of wood. It is used locally, occasionally internally, as a counterirritant and also as a reagent. (Stedman, 26th ed)Cellulose: A polysaccharide with glucose units linked as in CELLOBIOSE. It is the chief constituent of plant fibers, cotton being the purest natural form of the substance. As a raw material, it forms the basis for many derivatives used in chromatography, ion exchange materials, explosives manufacturing, and pharmaceutical preparations.Acetobacteraceae: A family of gram-negative aerobic bacteria consisting of ellipsoidal to rod-shaped cells that occur singly, in pairs, or in chains.Cacao: A tree of the family Sterculiaceae (or Byttneriaceae), usually Theobroma cacao, or its seeds, which after fermentation and roasting, yield cocoa and chocolate.Pseudomonadaceae: A family of gram-negative bacteria usually found in soil or water and including many plant pathogens and a few animal pathogens.Cytochromes a1: A subclass of heme a containing cytochromes have a reduced alpha-band absorption of 587-592 nm. They are primarily found in microorganisms.Cytochrome a Group: Cytochromes (electron-transporting proteins) in which the heme prosthetic group is heme a, i.e., the iron chelate of cytoporphyrin IX. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p539)Gluconacetobacter: A genus in the family ACETOBACTERACEAE comprised of acetate-oxidizing bacteria.UTP-Glucose-1-Phosphate Uridylyltransferase: An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of UDPglucose from UTP plus glucose 1-phosphate. EC 2.7.7.9.Dihydroxyacetone: A ketotriose compound. Its addition to blood preservation solutions results in better maintenance of 2,3-diphosphoglycerate levels during storage. It is readily phosphorylated to dihydroxyacetone phosphate by triokinase in erythrocytes. In combination with naphthoquinones it acts as a sunscreening agent.omega-Chloroacetophenone: A potent eye, throat, and skin irritant. One of its uses is as a riot control agent.Oxaloacetates: Derivatives of OXALOACETIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that include a 2-keto-1,4-carboxy aliphatic structure.Mangifera: A plant genus of the family ANACARDIACEAE best known for the edible fruit.Hydroxymercuribenzoates: Hydroxylated benzoic acid derivatives that contain mercury. Some of these are used as sulfhydryl reagents in biochemical studies.Saccharum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE widely cultivated in the tropics for the sweet cane that is processed into sugar.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
(1/162) Digestion of crystalline cellulose substrates by the clostridium thermocellum cellulosome: structural and morphological aspects.

The action of cellulosomes from Clostridium thermocellum on model cellulose microfibrils from Acetobacter xylinum and cellulose microcrystals from Valonia ventricosa was investigated. The biodegradation of these substrates was followed by transmission electron microscopy, Fourier-transform IR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis, as a function of the extent of degradation. The cellulosomes were very effective in catalysing the complete digestion of bacterial cellulose, but the total degradation of Valonia microcrystals was achieved more slowly. Ultrastructural observations during the digestion process suggested that the rapid degradation of bacterial cellulose was the result of a very efficient synergistic action of the various enzymic components that are attached to the scaffolding protein of the cellulosomes. The degraded Valonia sample assumed various shapes, ranging from thinned-down microcrystals to crystals where one end was pointed and the other intact. This complexity may be correlated with the multi-enzyme content of the cellulosomes and possibly to a diversity of the cellulosome composition within a given batch. Another aspect of the digestion of model celluloses by cellulosomes is the relative invariability of their crystallinity, together with their Ialpha/Ibeta composition throughout the degradation process. Comparison of the action of cellulosomes with that of fungal enzymes indicated that the degradation of cellulose crystals by cellulosomes occurred with only limited levels of processivity, in contrast with the observations reported for fungal enzymes. The findings were consistent with a mechanism whereby initial attack by a cellulosome of an individual cellulose crystal results in its 'commitment' towards complete degradation.  (+info)

(2/162) The respiratory system and diazotrophic activity of Acetobacter diazotrophicus PAL5.

The characteristics of the respiratory system of Acetobacter diazotrophicus PAL5 were investigated. Increasing aeration (from 0.5 to 4.0 liters of air min(-1) liter of medium(-1)) had a strong positive effect on growth and on the diazotrophic activity of cultures. Cells obtained from well-aerated and diazotrophically active cultures possessed a highly active, membrane-bound electron transport system with dehydrogenases for NADH, glucose, and acetaldehyde as the main electron donors. Ethanol, succinate, and gluconate were also oxidized but to only a minor extent. Terminal cytochrome c oxidase-type activity was poor as measured by reduced N, N,N,N'-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine, but quinol oxidase-type activity, as measured by 2,3,5,6-tetrachloro-1,4-benzenediol, was high. Spectral and high-pressure liquid chromatography analysis of membranes revealed the presence of cytochrome ba as a putative oxidase in cells obtained from diazotrophically active cultures. Cells were also rich in c-type cytochromes; four bands of high molecular mass (i.e., 67, 56, 52, and 45 kDa) were revealed by a peroxidase activity stain in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. KCN inhibition curves of respiratory oxidase activities were biphasic, with a highly resistant component. Treatment of membranes with 0.2% Triton X-100 solubilized c-type cytochromes and resulted in a preparation that was significantly more sensitive to cyanide. Repression of diazotrophic activity in well-aerated cultures by 40 mM (NH(4))(2)SO(4) caused a significant decrease of the respiratory activities. It is noteworthy that the levels of glucose dehydrogenase and putative oxidase ba decreased 6. 8- and 10-fold, respectively. In these cells, a bd-type cytochrome seems to be the major terminal oxidase. Thus, it would seem that glucose dehydrogenase and cytochrome ba are key components of the respiratory system of A. diazotrophicus during aerobic diazotrophy.  (+info)

(3/162) Acid hydrolysis of bacterial cellulose reveals different modes of synergistic action between cellobiohydrolase I and endoglucanase I.

Intact and partially acid hydrolyzed cellulose from Acetobacter xylinum were used as model substrates for cellulose hydrolysis by 1,4-beta-D-glucan-cellobiohydrolase I (CBH I) and 1,4-beta-D-endoglucanase I (EG I) from Trichoderma reesei. A high synergy between CBH I and EG I in simultaneous action was observed with intact bacterial cellulose (BC), but this synergistic effect was rapidly reduced by acid pretreatment of the cellulose. Moreover, a distinct synergistic effect was observed upon sequential endo-exo action on BC, but not on bacterial microcrystalline cellulose (BMCC). A mechanism for endo-exo synergism on crystalline cellulose is proposed where the simultaneous action of the enzymes counteract the decrease of activity caused by undesirable changes in the cellulose surface microstructure.  (+info)

(4/162) Identification of essential amino acids in the bacterial alpha -mannosyltransferase aceA.

The alpha-mannosyltransferase AceA from Acetobacter xylinum belongs to the CaZY family 4 of retaining glycosyltransferases. We have identified a series of either highly conserved or invariant residues that are found in all family 4 enzymes as well as other retaining glycosyltransferases. These residues included Glu-287 and Glu-295, which comprise an EX(7)E motif and have been proposed to be involved in catalysis. Alanine replacements of each conserved residue were constructed by site-directed mutagenesis. The mannosyltransferase activity of each mutant was examined by both an in vitro transferase assay using recombinant mutant AceA expressed in Escherichia coli and by an in vivo rescue assay by expressing the mutant AceA in a Xanthomonas campestris gumH(-) strain. We found that only mutants K211A and E287A lost all detectable activity both in vitro and in vivo, whereas E295A retained residual activity in the more sensitive in vivo assay. H127A and S162A each retained reduced but significant activities both in vitro and in vivo. Secondary structure predictions of AceA and subsequent comparison with the crystal structures of the T4 beta-glucosyltransferase and MurG suggest that AceA Lys-211 and Glu-295 are involved in nucleotide sugar donor binding, leaving Glu-287 of the EX(7)E as a potential catalytic residue.  (+info)

(5/162) Characterization of a major cluster of nif, fix, and associated genes in a sugarcane endophyte, Acetobacter diazotrophicus.

A major 30.5-kb cluster of nif and associated genes of Acetobacter diazotrophicus (syn. Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus), a nitrogen-fixing endophyte of sugarcane, was sequenced and analyzed. This cluster represents the largest assembly of contiguous nif-fix and associated genes so far characterized in any diazotrophic bacterial species. Northern blots and promoter sequence analysis indicated that the genes are organized into eight transcriptional units. The overall arrangement of genes is most like that of the nif-fix cluster in Azospirillum brasilense, while the individual gene products are more similar to those in species of Rhizobiaceae or in Rhodobacter capsulatus.  (+info)

(6/162) Gluconacetobacter entanii sp. nov., isolated from submerged high-acid industrial vinegar fermentations.

Acetic acid bacteria have been isolated from submerged high-acid spirit vinegar fermentations in the Southern part of Germany. Four strains (LTH 4560T, LTH 4341, LTH 4551 and LTH 4637) were characterized in more detail and it was revealed that they have in common certain properties such as requirement of acetic acid, ethanol and glucose for growth, and no over-oxidation of acetate. Growth occurs only at total concentrations (sum of acetic acid and ethanol) exceeding 6.0%. A method for their preservation was developed. Comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA revealed sequence similarities of >99% between strain LTH 4560T and the type strains of the related species Gluconacetobacter hansenii. However, low levels of DNA relatedness (<41 %) were determined in DNA-DNA similarity studies. In addition, specific physiological characteristics permitted a clear identification of the strains within established species of acetic acid bacteria. The strains could also be differentiated on the basis of the distribution of IS element 1031 C within the chromosome. Based on these results, the new species Gluconacetobacter entanii sp. nov. is proposed for strain LTH 4560T ( = DSM 13536T). A 16S-rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probe was constructed that was specific for G. entanii, and the phylogenetic position of the new species was derived from a 16S-rRNA-based tree.  (+info)

(7/162) Transfer of Acetobacter oboediens Sokollek et al 1998 and Acetobacter intermedius Boesch et al. 1998 to the genus Gluconacetobacter as Gluconacetobacter oboediens comb. nov. and Gluconacetobacter intermedius comb. nov.

Acetobacter oboediens Sokollek et al. 1998 and Acetobacter intermedius Boesch et al. 1998 are transferred to the genus Gluconacetobacter as Gluconacetobacter oboediens comb. nov. and Gluconacetobacter intermedius comb. nov. because, on the basis of their 16S rRNA gene sequences, the type strains of both species are located in the cluster of the genus Gluconacetobacter along with those of Gluconacetobacter xylinus, Gluconacetobacter europaeus, Gluconacetobacter hansenii, Gluconacetobacter liquefaciens (the type species) and Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus. The significance of growth on mannitol agar and the presence of a ubiquinone isoprenologue composed of Q-10 is discussed for characterization of the genus Gluconacetobacter.  (+info)

(8/162) Characterization of acetic acid bacteria in traditional acetic acid fermentation of rice vinegar (komesu) and unpolished rice vinegar (kurosu) produced in Japan.

Bacterial strains were isolated from samples of Japanese rice vinegar (komesu) and unpolished rice vinegar (kurosu) fermented by the traditional static method. Fermentations have never been inoculated with a pure culture since they were started in 1907. A total of 178 isolates were divided into groups A and B on the basis of enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus-PCR and random amplified polymorphic DNA fingerprinting analyses. The 16S ribosomal DNA sequences of strains belonging to each group showed similarities of more than 99% with Acetobacter pasteurianus. Group A strains overwhelmingly dominated all stages of fermentation of both types of vinegar. Our results indicate that appropriate strains of acetic acid bacteria have spontaneously established almost pure cultures during nearly a century of komesu and kurosu fermentation.  (+info)

*  Vinegar
Yeast) (acetobacter) Flow chart - coconut water -----------------------------→ ethyl alcohol ----------------------------→ ...
*  Acetobacter
In 2002, Acetobacter cerevisiae and Acetobacter malorum were identified by 16S rRNA sequence analysis of Acetobacter strains. ... In 2006, a strain of Acetobacter isolated from spoiled red wine was named Acetobacter oeni. Parte, A.C. "Acetobacter". www. ... In 1998, two strains of Acetobacter isolated from red wine and cider vinegar were named Acetobacter oboediens and Acetobacter ... In 2000, Acetobacter oboediens and Acetobacter intermedius were transferred to Gluconacetobacter on the basis of 16S rRNA ...
*  Acetobacter pomorum
... at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Acetobacter pomorum at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... Sokollek, S. J.; Hertel, C.; Hammes, W. P. (1998). "Description of Acetobacter oboediens sp. nov. and Acetobacter pomorum sp. ... Acetobacter pomorum is a bacterium first isolated from industrial vinegar fermentations. Its type strain is LTH 2458T. ...
*  Acetobacter malorum
... at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Acetobacter malorum at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... Valera, Maria José; Torija, Maria Jesús; Mas, Albert; Mateo, Estibaliz (2013). "Acetobacter malorum and Acetobacter cerevisiae ... with descriptions of Acetobacter cerevisiae sp. nov. and Acetobacter malorum sp. nov". International Journal of Systematic and ... Acetobacter malorum is a bacterium. Its type strain is LMG 1746T (= DSM 14337T). Cleenwerck, I. (2002). "Re-examination of the ...
*  Acetobacter fabarum
... is a bacterium. Its type strain is LMG 24244T (= DSM 19596T). A. fabarum is a cocoa-specific acetic acid ... "Acetobacter fabarum sp. nov., an acetic acid bacterium from a Ghanaian cocoa bean heap fermentation". Int. J. Syst. Evol. ... ijs.sgmjournals.org/content/58/9/2180.full Type strain of Acetobacter fabarum at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase ... "Oxidation of Metabolites Highlights the Microbial Interactions and Role of Acetobacter pasteurianus during Cocoa Bean ...
*  Acetobacter cerevisiae
... at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Acetobacter cerevisiae at BacDive - the Bacterial ... Valera, Maria José; Torija, Maria Jesús; Mas, Albert; Mateo, Estibaliz (2013). "Acetobacter malorum and Acetobacter cerevisiae ... with descriptions of Acetobacter cerevisiae sp. nov. and Acetobacter malorum sp. nov". International Journal of Systematic and ... Acetobacter cerevisiae is a species of Gram negative acetic acid bacteria. Its type strain is LMG 1625T (= DSM 14362T = NCIB ...
*  Acetobacter aceti
... is an obligate aerobe, which means that it requires oxygen to grow. Acetobacter aceti is economically ... Acetobacter aceti is a Gram-negative bacterium that moves using its peritrichous flagella. Louis Pasteur proved it to be the ... "Acetobacter aceti Final Risk Assessment - Biotechnology Program Under Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) - US EPA". epa.gov. ... Studies are still being conducted on other species on the genus Acetobacter because 15 other species have been found in rotting ...
*  Acidogenesis
For the acetic acid production are considered three kind of bacteria: Clostridium aceticum; Acetobacter woodii; and Clostridium ...
*  Zinc gluconate
Acetobacter, Pseudomonas and Gluconobacter. In its pure form, it is a white to off-white powder. It can also be made by ...
*  List of microorganisms used in food and beverage preparation
"Re-examination of the genus Acetobacter, with descriptions of Acetobacter cerevisiae sp. nov. and Acetobacter malorum sp. nov ...
*  Glyoxylate oxidase
Kasai T, Suzuki I, Asai T (1962). "[Glyoxylic oxidase system in Acetobacter.]". Koso Kagaku Shimpojiumu. 17: 77-81. Molecular ...
*  Mother of vinegar
Acetobacter SCOBY William Theodore Brann (1889). A Practical Treatise on the Manufacture of Vinegar and Acetates, Cider, and ... Currently, the preferred naming is Acetobacter aceti. Mother of vinegar can also form in store-bought vinegar if there is some ... 8. ed., Thieme press, Stuttgart "Acetobacter aceti". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 19 May 2016. Food portal. ...
*  Aldehyde dehydrogenase (NAD(P)+)
KING TE, CHELDELIN VH (1956). "Oxidation of acetaldehyde by Acetobacter suboxydans". J. Biol. Chem. 220 (1): 177-91. PMID ... Tanenbaum SW (1956). "The metabolism of Acetobacter peroxidans. I. Oxidative enzymes". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 21 (2): 335-342 ...
*  Acetobacteraceae
The type genus is Acetobacter. Ten genera from Acetobacteraceae make up the acetic acid bacteria. Acetobacteraceae was proposed ... and Intergenic Similarities of the Ribosomal Ribonucleic Acid Cistrons of Acetobacter and Gluconobacter". International Journal ... as a family for Acetobacter and Gluconobacter based on rRNA and DNA-DNA hybridization comparisons in 1980. Acetobacteraceae ...
*  List of restriction enzyme cutting sites: A
Seurinck J, Van, de Voorde A, Van Montagu M (July 1983). "A new restriction endonuclease from Acetobacter pasteurianus". ... Grones J, Turna J (March 1993). "Some properties of restriction endonuclease ApaBI from Acetobacter pasteurianus". Biochim ... "Acetobacter xylinus"". Agric Biol Chem. 47: 2871-9. doi:10.1271/bbb1961.47.2871. ...
*  Acidomonas
Nov., Incorporating Acetobacter methanolicus as Acidomonas methanolica comb. Nov". International Journal of Systematic ... formerly known as Acetobacter methanolicus The name Acidomonas derives from: Latin adjective acidus, sour, acid; Latin feminine ...
*  Acidomonas methanolica
Nov., Incorporating Acetobacter methanolicus as Acidomonas methanolica comb. Nov". International Journal of Systematic ...
*  List of restriction enzyme cutting sites: Ba-Bc
Sugisaki H, Maekawa Y, Kanazawa S, Takanami M (October 1982). "New restriction endonucleases from Acetobacter aceti and ...
*  Aldehyde dehydrogenase (pyrroloquinoline-quinone)
"Purification and characterization of aldehyde dehydrogenase of Acetobacter aceti". Agric. Biol. Chem. 45: 1889-1890. doi: ...
*  Mannitol dehydrogenase (cytochrome)
2. The polyol dehydrogenases of Acetobacter suboxydans and Candida utilis". Biochem. J. 64 (3): 385-94. PMC 1199748 . PMID ...
*  Norman Lowther Edson
2. The polyol dehydrogenases of Acetobacter suboxydans and Candida utilis. Biochem. J. 64, 385-394.[www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov PMID ...
*  Pyrroloquinoline quinone
Adachi and colleagues discovered that PQQ was also found in Acetobacter. A novel aspect of PQQ is its biosynthesis in bacteria ...
*  Cyclic di-GMP
Regulation of cellulose synthesis in Acetobacter xylinum by cyclic diguanylic acid P. Ross Nature, 1987 Benach, J; Swaminathan ... "Regulation of cellulose synthesis in Acetobacter xylinum by cyclic diguanylic acid". Nature. 325 (6101): 279-81. doi:10.1038/ ...
*  Gluconate 2-dehydrogenase
Ameyama M (1978). "Crystalline 2-ketogluconate reductase from Acetobacter ascendens, the second instance of crystalline enzyme ... crystallization and properties of 2-ketogluconate reductase from Acetobacter rancens". Agric. Biol. Chem. 40: 175-184. doi: ... in genus Acetobacter". Agric. Biol. Chem. 42: 2057. doi:10.1271/bbb1961.42.2057. Chiyonobu T, Shinagawa E, Adachi O, Ameyama M ...
*  Oxalomalate lyase
V. Isolation of alpha-hydroxy-gamma-ketoglutarate (HKG) in Acetobacter suboxydans". Biochemistry. 5 (7): 2392-8. doi:10.1021/ ...
Acetobacter - Wikipedia  Acetobacter - Wikipedia
In 2002, Acetobacter cerevisiae and Acetobacter malorum were identified by 16S rRNA sequence analysis of Acetobacter strains. ... In 2006, a strain of Acetobacter isolated from spoiled red wine was named Acetobacter oeni. Parte, A.C. "Acetobacter". www. ... In 1998, two strains of Acetobacter isolated from red wine and cider vinegar were named Acetobacter oboediens and Acetobacter ... In 2000, Acetobacter oboediens and Acetobacter intermedius were transferred to Gluconacetobacter on the basis of 16S rRNA ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acetobacter
Acetobacter xylinum | definition of Acetobacter xylinum by Medical dictionary  Acetobacter xylinum | definition of Acetobacter xylinum by Medical dictionary
What is Acetobacter xylinum? Meaning of Acetobacter xylinum medical term. What does Acetobacter xylinum mean? ... Looking for online definition of Acetobacter xylinum in the Medical Dictionary? Acetobacter xylinum explanation free. ... Acetobacter. (redirected from Acetobacter xylinum). Also found in: Encyclopedia. Acetobacter. /Ace·to·bac·ter/ (ah-se″to-bak´ ... Acetobacter. A genus of rod-shaped, flagellated or nonmotile bacteria that oxidise ethanol to acetic acid.. Habitat Acetobacter ...
more infohttp://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Acetobacter+xylinum
Mathematical modelling of bacterial cellulose production by acetobacter xylinum  using rotating biological fermentor  Mathematical modelling of bacterial cellulose production by acetobacter xylinum using rotating biological fermentor
Researchers have produced BC using a synthetic media or using coconut water and inoculating with Acetobacter xylinum in a ... Mathematical modelling of bacterial cellulose production by acetobacter xylinum using rotating biological fermentor. Login ... Mathematical modelling of bacterial cellulose production by acetobacter xylinum using rotating biological fermentor. ... BC is synthesized by Acetobacter xylinum extracellularly in a suitable substrate media. ...
more infohttp://dl.lib.mrt.ac.lk/handle/123/10895
Production of bacterial cellulose by Acetobacter xylinum through utilizing acetic acid hydrolysate of bagasse as low-cost...  Production of bacterial cellulose by Acetobacter xylinum through utilizing acetic acid hydrolysate of bagasse as low-cost...
Keywords: Bacterial cellulose; Acetobacter xylinum; Acetic acid; Bagasse. Contact information: a: State Key Laboratory of Pulp ... Acetobacter xylinum ATCC 23767 was obtained from Guangdong Microbial Culture Center (Guangzhou, China). The bagasse was ... In this study, bacterial cellulose was synthesized by Acetobacter xylinum with the acetic acid hydrolysate of bagasse used as ... When the dosage of activated carbon was 0% (m/V), Acetobacter xylinum did not produce bacterial cellulose; the furfuraldehyde ...
more infohttps://bioresources.cnr.ncsu.edu/resources/production-of-bacterial-cellulose-by-acetobacter-xylinum-through-utilizing-acetic-acid-hydrolysate-of-bagasse-as-low-cost-carbon-source/
Glycosylated Triterpenoid Saponin: a Specific Inhibitor of Diguanylate Cyclase from Acetobacter xylinum. Biological Activity...  Glycosylated Triterpenoid Saponin: a Specific Inhibitor of Diguanylate Cyclase from Acetobacter xylinum. Biological Activity...
... the key regulatory enzyme of the cellulose synthesizing apparatus of the bacterium Acetobacter xylinum. This compound and an ... the key regulatory enzyme of the cellulose synthesizing apparatus of the bacterium Acetobacter xylinum. This compound and an ...
more infohttp://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a029352
Acetobacter xylinum mutation  Acetobacter xylinum mutation
... Andrew Hui ahui at julian.uwo.ca Mon Feb 9 15:09:00 EST 1998 *Previous message: DNA and errors ... Hi I'm trying to produce cellulose in an agitated culture using acetobacter xylinum subsp. sucrofermentans. I read an article ...
more infohttp://www.bio.net/bionet/mm/microbio/1998-February/011568.html
acetobacter xylinum growth rate?  acetobacter xylinum growth rate?
But I believe Acetobacter grows mostly as a pellicle on , the surface of liquids. This presents a much tougher problem. If ... acetobacter xylinum growth rate?. Emir Khatipov khatipovNO at NOuchicago.edu Thu Aug 29 12:12:49 EST 2002 *Previous message: ... If you can get the Acetobacter to grow in suspended culture, any of the methods , mentioned will work. ...
more infohttp://www.bio.net/bionet/mm/microbio/2002-August/021735.html
Acetobacter xylinum - microbewiki  Acetobacter xylinum - microbewiki
2] University of Ottawa, "Acetobacter xylinum". uOttawa IGEM. 2009 [3] Skinner P., Cannon R. "Acetobacter xylinum an Inquiry ... Acetobacter xylinum is a non-pathogenic mesophile identified by A.J Brown in 1886 due to its ability to produce cellulose [1]. ... M.R. "Cellulose Biosynthesis in Acetobacter Xylinum". DermaFill Case Studies. [5] Gluconacetobacter xylinus genome sequencing ... 8] Surma-Ślusarska B., Presler S., Danielewicz D., "Characteristics of Bacterial Cellulose Obtained from Acetobacter Xylinum ...
more infohttps://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php/Acetobacter_xylinum
Acetobacter orleanensis  Acetobacter orleanensis
... industrial applications and more information for Acetobacter orleanensis. ... Acetobacter orleanensis was isolated from beer. A synonym for Acetobacter orleanensis is Acetobacter aceti subsp. orleanensis. ... Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Alphaproteobacteria; Rhodospirillales; Acetobacteraceae; Acetobacter. Industrial uses or economic ...
more infohttp://thelabrat.com/protocols/Bacterialspecies/Acetobacterorleanensis.shtml
Acetobacter indonesiensis  Acetobacter indonesiensis
... industrial applications and more information for Acetobacter indonesiensis. ... Acetobacter indonesiensis can rarely cause infections. Usually in immunocomprimised patients.. Disclaimer: This information is ... Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Alphaproteobacteria; Rhodospirillales; Acetobacteraceae; Acetobacter. Industrial uses or economic ...
more infohttp://thelabrat.com/protocols/Bacterialspecies/Acetobacterindonesiensis.shtml
Acetobacter pomorum - Wikipedia  Acetobacter pomorum - Wikipedia
Acetobacter pomorum at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Acetobacter pomorum at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... Sokollek, S. J.; Hertel, C.; Hammes, W. P. (1998). "Description of Acetobacter oboediens sp. nov. and Acetobacter pomorum sp. ... Acetobacter pomorum is a bacterium first isolated from industrial vinegar fermentations. Its type strain is LTH 2458T. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acetobacter_pomorum
SYNTHESIS OF CELLULOSE BY ACETOBACTER XYLINUM | JCB  SYNTHESIS OF CELLULOSE BY ACETOBACTER XYLINUM | JCB
The transfer of the glucosyl moiety from uridine diphosphate glucose in the presence of Acetobacter xylinum cell-free extracts ...
more infohttp://jcb.rupress.org/content/25/2/191
Acetobacter  Acetobacter
nov., Acetobacter tropicalis sp. nov., Acetobacter orleanensis (Henneberg 1906) comb. nov., Acetobacter lovaniensis (Frateur ... nov., Acetobacter tropicalis sp. nov., Acetobacter orleanensis (Henneberg 1906) comb. nov., Acetobacter lovaniensis (Frateur ... nov., Acetobacter tropicalis sp. nov., Acetobacter orleanensis (Henneberg 1906) comb. nov., Acetobacter lovaniensis (Frateur ... nov., Acetobacter tropicalis sp. nov., Acetobacter orleanensis (Henneberg 1906) comb. nov., Acetobacter lovaniensis (Frateur ...
more infohttp://www.bacterio.net/acetobacter.html
Structure of cellulose Acetobacter xylinum - Infoscience  Structure of cellulose Acetobacter xylinum - Infoscience
... aStructure of cellulose Acetobacter xylinum 000100753 269__ $$a2003 000100753 260__ $$c2003 000100753 336__ $$aJournal Articles ...
more infohttps://infoscience.epfl.ch/record/100753/export/hm
Acetobacter and Schizosaccharomyces - Stock Image - B220/0907 - Science Photo Library  Acetobacter and Schizosaccharomyces - Stock Image - B220/0907 - Science Photo Library
Coloured scanning electron micrograph of Acetobacter bacteria and Schizosaccharomyces yeast cells in a culture of 'Kombucha' ... Acetobacter and Schizosaccharomyces. Coloured scanning electron micrograph of Acetobacter bacteria and Schizosaccharomyces ... Acetobacter (purple) is rod-shaped, Gram-negative and motile. It is one of the acetic acid bacteria. Schizosaccharomyces (oval ...
more infohttps://www.sciencephoto.com/media/11488/view/acetobacter-and-schizosaccharomyces
ATPR 2709 - Oxidoreductase - Acetobacter tropicalis NBRC 101654 - ATPR 2709 gene & protein  ATPR 2709 - Oxidoreductase - Acetobacter tropicalis NBRC 101654 - ATPR 2709 gene & protein
Acetobacter tropicalis NBRC 101654Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,F7VH60,F7VH60_9PROT Oxidoreductase OS=Acetobacter tropicalis NBRC 101654 OX=749388 GN=ATPR_2709 PE=3 SV=1 ... cellular organisms › Bacteria › Proteobacteria › Alphaproteobacteria › Rhodospirillales › Acetobacteraceae › Acetobacter › ...
more infohttps://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/F7VH60
Acetobacter bacteria on wood - Stock Image B220/1083 - Science Photo Library  Acetobacter bacteria on wood - Stock Image B220/1083 - Science Photo Library
Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of several Acetobacter sp. bacteria (blue/green) on wood. Acetobacter are rod- ... Acetobacter bacteria are used in industry to turn wines, beers and spirits into wine vinegar, malt vinegar and spirit vinegar ... Keywords: acetobacter, acetobacter on, bacteria, bacteria forming, bacterial, bacteriology, bacterium, gram-negative bacteria, ... Caption: Acetobacter bacteria. Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of several Acetobacter sp. bacteria (blue/green) on ...
more infohttp://www.sciencephoto.com/media/11654/view
KEGG PATHWAY: Citrate cycle (TCA cycle) - Acetobacter pasteurianus IFO 3283-07  KEGG PATHWAY: Citrate cycle (TCA cycle) - Acetobacter pasteurianus IFO 3283-07
Citrate cycle (TCA cycle) - Acetobacter pasteurianus IFO 3283-07 [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML ...
more infohttp://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/show_pathway?apu00020+APA07_06250
Synthesis of Fibrils in Vitro by a Solubilized Cellulose Synthase from Acetobacter xylinum | Science  Synthesis of Fibrils in Vitro by a Solubilized Cellulose Synthase from Acetobacter xylinum | Science
A digitonin-solubilized cellulose synthase was prepared from Acetobacter xylinum. When this enzyme was incubated under ... Synthesis of Fibrils in Vitro by a Solubilized Cellulose Synthase from Acetobacter xylinum ... Synthesis of Fibrils in Vitro by a Solubilized Cellulose Synthase from Acetobacter xylinum ... Synthesis of Fibrils in Vitro by a Solubilized Cellulose Synthase from Acetobacter xylinum ...
more infohttp://science.sciencemag.org/content/230/4727/822
  • Controlled secretion into the culture medium of a hybrid beta-glucanase by Acetobacter methanolicus mediated by the kil gene of Escherichia coli located on a Tn5-derived transposon", APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY , vol. 47, 1997, pp. 530-536. (uni-bielefeld.de)