Acetic Acid: Product of the oxidation of ethanol and of the destructive distillation of wood. It is used locally, occasionally internally, as a counterirritant and also as a reagent. (Stedman, 26th ed)Handling (Psychology): Physical manipulation of animals and humans to induce a behavioral or other psychological reaction. In experimental psychology, the animal is handled to induce a stress situation or to study the effects of "gentling" or "mothering".Ethiodized Oil: Ethyl ester of iodinated fatty acid of poppyseed oil. It contains 37% organically bound iodine and has been used as a diagnostic aid (radiopaque medium) and as an antineoplastic agent when part of the iodine is 131-I. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Ice: The solid substance formed by the FREEZING of water.Enbucrilate: A tissue adhesive that is applied as a monomer to moist tissue and polymerizes to form a bond. It is slowly biodegradable and used in all kinds of surgery, including dental.Ice Cover: A thick mass of ICE formed over large regions of land; RIVERS; LAKES; ponds; or SEAWATER.Drug Contamination: The presence of organisms, or any foreign material that makes a drug preparation impure.Minor Planets: Small solar system planetary bodies including asteroids. Most asteroids are found within the gap lying between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.BenzocycloheptenesSodium Oxybate: The sodium salt of 4-hydroxybutyric acid. It is used for both induction and maintenance of ANESTHESIA.Taste: The ability to detect chemicals through gustatory receptors in the mouth, including those on the TONGUE; the PALATE; the PHARYNX; and the EPIGLOTTIS.Taste Buds: Small sensory organs which contain gustatory receptor cells, basal cells, and supporting cells. Taste buds in humans are found in the epithelia of the tongue, palate, and pharynx. They are innervated by the CHORDA TYMPANI NERVE (a branch of the facial nerve) and the GLOSSOPHARYNGEAL NERVE.Smell: The ability to detect scents or odors, such as the function of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS.EuropeQuality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Indoleacetic Acids: Acetic acid derivatives of the heterocyclic compound indole. (Merck Index, 11th ed)Acetyl Coenzyme A: Acetyl CoA participates in the biosynthesis of fatty acids and sterols, in the oxidation of fatty acids and in the metabolism of many amino acids. It also acts as a biological acetylating agent.Acetates: Derivatives of ACETIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxymethane structure.Acetobacter: A species of gram-negative bacteria of the family ACETOBACTERACEAE found in FLOWERS and FRUIT. Cells are ellipsoidal to rod-shaped and straight or slightly curved.Cerumen: The yellow or brown waxy secretions produced by vestigial apocrine sweat glands in the external ear canal.Ear Canal: The narrow passage way that conducts the sound collected by the EAR AURICLE to the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE.Ophthalmic Solutions: Sterile solutions that are intended for instillation into the eye. It does not include solutions for cleaning eyeglasses or CONTACT LENS SOLUTIONS.Kerosene: A refined petroleum fraction used as a fuel as well as a solvent.Ear Diseases: Pathological processes of the ear, the hearing, and the equilibrium system of the body.Otitis Externa: Inflammation of the OUTER EAR including the external EAR CANAL, cartilages of the auricle (EAR CARTILAGE), and the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE.Acetic Anhydrides: Compounds used extensively as acetylation, oxidation and dehydrating agents and in the modification of proteins and enzymes.Anhydrides: Chemical compounds derived from acids by the elimination of a molecule of water.Succinic Anhydrides: A subclass of anhydrides with the general structure of dihydrofurandione. They can be substituted on any carbon atom. They modify and inhibit proteins and enzymes and are used in the acylation of amino- and hydroxyl groups.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Chemistry, Organic: The study of the structure, preparation, properties, and reactions of carbon compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Acetylation: Formation of an acetyl derivative. (Stedman, 25th ed)Phthalic Anhydrides: Phthalic acid anhydrides. Can be substituted on any carbon atom. Used extensively in industry and as a reagent in the acylation of amino- and hydroxyl groups.Maleic Anhydrides: Used in copolymerization reactions, in the Diels-Alder(diene)synthesis, in the preparation of resins, pharmaceuticals and agricultural chemicals. It is a powerful irritant and causes burns.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Food Dispensers, Automatic: Mechanical food dispensing machines.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Postal Service: The functions and activities carried out by the U.S. Postal Service, foreign postal services, and private postal services such as Federal Express.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
  • Global And China Indole-3-acetic Acid (IAA) Industry 2017 Market. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • The Global And China Indole-3-acetic Acid (IAA) Industry 2017 Market Research Report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Indole-3-acetic Acid (IAA) industry. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • The Indole-3-acetic Acid (IAA) market analysis is provided for the international market including development history, competitive landscape analysis, and major regions' development status. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • What's more, the Indole-3-acetic Acid (IAA) industry development trends and marketing channels are analyzed. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) is a ubiquitous molecule playing regulatory roles in many living organisms. (nih.gov)
  • Tryptophan (Trp) and its indolic precursors are the sources of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), certain glucosinolates, and phytoalexins ( 3 ). (pnas.org)
  • In his Statement of Grounds of Appeal filed on 12 May 1992 and during the oral proceedings held on 29 July 1993, the Appellant contended that document (1) disclosed a process for the production of acetic acid by carbonylating a mixture of methanol and methyl acetate in a molar ratio of 0.001:1 to 2:1 using a homogenous catalyst system comprising rhodium and a metal halide. (epo.org)
  • An anaerobic production of acetic acid by fermentation can employ homoacetogenic bacteria in an aqueous solution of fermentable substrates, especially sugar, with the result of increased acetic-acid concentrations (over 3%), when the substrate solution initially used in the fermentation already contains acetic acid, for example, from a previous fermentation. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Biotechnology and Bioengineering, "Production of Acetic Acid by Clostridium Thermoaceticum in Batch and Continuous Fermentations", vol. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • entitled "Catalyst Systems for the One Step Gas Phase Production of Acetic Acid from Ethylene, Processes of Making and Using the Same", herein incorporated by reference. (google.com)
  • Indian Oil Corp (IOC) is looking to set up a second joint venture in petrochemicals, this time with BP for production of acetic acid. (icis.com)
  • As an ACS grade Reagent, Spectrum Chemical manufactured Acetic Acid is used as the quality standard against which other substances are graded and has met the toughest regulatory standards for quality and purity. (fishersci.com)
  • Striking a balance between basic chemistry and chemical engineering, this up-to-date reference discusses important aspects of acetic acid and its major derivatives, including chemistry, methods of preparation and manufacture, and synthesis, as well as current and emerging downstream technologies. (hubpages.com)
  • But Reliance Industries has talked about building plants for acetic acid and derivatives at Jamnagar, Gujarat. (icis.com)
  • The bactericidal activities of acidic hypochlorite solutions that had been adjusted to pH 5·0 with hydrochloric acid, acetic acid, citric acid, lactic acid, formic acid, phosphoric acid or sulphuric acid against Bacillus subtilis spores were compared. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • TechSci Research calculated market size for organic acid market in South America using a bottom-up approach, where manufacturers value sales data for standard types (acetic acid, citric acid, formic acid, etc.) were recorded as well as forecast for the future years. (bharatbook.com)
  • It contains Acetic Acid , the key ingredient at a pH of 2.5 The different parts of our body have different levels of pH. (wn.com)
  • Acetic acid is one of the most versatile organic chemicals manufactured today with applications in almost every industry. (bp.com)
  • Its proprietary processing technologies help to reduce the production costs and environmental impact of its plants, and also enable to maintain competitive advantage in PTA (Puri﫿ed terephthalic acid) and acetic acid line of business. (marketsandmarkets.com)
  • Irrigation of the urinary bladder with acetic acid solution in a concentration of 0.25% has been shown to exert an antimicrobial action against a variety of microorganisms (especially ammonia-forming bacteria) that frequently gain access to the urinary bladder in patients who require prolonged indwelling urethral catheterization. (nih.gov)
  • 0.25% Acetic Acid Irrigation, USP is indicated as a constant or intermittent bladder rinse to help prevent the growth and proliferation of susceptible urinary pathogens (especially ammonia-forming bacteria) in the management of patients who require prolonged placement of an indwelling urethral catheter. (nih.gov)
  • Pure, water-free acetic acid is a colourless liquid that absorbs water from the environment, and freezes at 16.5 °C (62 °F) to a colourless crystalline solid as seen on the picture right. (hubpages.com)
  • As non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists have shown analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties in vitro and in vivo , this study aims to investigate the role of ketamine, a noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist, in acetic acid-induced rat colitis. (scirp.org)
  • In the present study, we have evaluated the protective effects of ketamine, a noncompetitive N-methyl-D-asp- artate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, against acetic acid-induced colitis in rats. (scirp.org)
  • ICIS has a network of locally based reporters providing coverage of regional Acetic acid markets. (icis.com)