Atmosphere Exposure Chambers
A small cluster of chemoreceptive and supporting cells located near the bifurcation of the internal carotid artery. The carotid body, which is richly supplied with fenestrated capillaries, senses the pH, carbon dioxide, and oxygen concentrations in the blood and plays a crucial role in their homeostatic control.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
Body Temperature Regulation
Pulmonary Gas Exchange
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
Encyclopedias as Topic
The physiological strain index applied to heat-stressed rats. (1/1981)A physiological strain index (PSI) based on heart rate (HR) and rectal temperature (Tre) was recently suggested to evaluate exercise-heat stress in humans. The purpose of this study was to adjust PSI for rats and to evaluate this index at different levels of heat acclimation and training. The corrections of HR and Tre to modify the index for rats are as follows: PSI = 5 (Tre t - Tre 0). (41.5 - Tre 0)-1 + 5 (HRt - HR0). (550 - HR0)-1, where HRt and Tre t are simultaneous measurements taken at any time during the exposure and HR0 and Tre 0 are the initial measurements. The adjusted PSI was applied to five groups (n = 11-14 per group) of acclimated rats (control and 2, 5, 10, and 30 days) exposed for 70 min to a hot climate [40 degrees C, 20% relative humidity (RH)]. A separate database representing two groups of acclimated or trained rats was also used and involved 20 min of low-intensity exercise (O2 consumption approximately 50 ml. min-1. kg-1) at three different climates: normothermic (24 degrees C, 40% RH), hot-wet (35 degrees C, 70% RH), and hot-dry (40 degrees C, 20% RH). In normothermia, rats also performed moderate exercise (O2 consumption approximately 60 ml. min-1. kg-1). The adjusted PSI differentiated among acclimation levels and significantly discriminated among all exposures during low-intensity exercise (P < 0.05). Furthermore, this index was able to assess the individual roles played by heat acclimation and exercise training. (+info)
Thermal adaptation analyzed by comparison of protein sequences from mesophilic and extremely thermophilic Methanococcus species. (2/1981)The genome sequence of the extremely thermophilic archaeon Methanococcus jannaschii provides a wealth of data on proteins from a thermophile. In this paper, sequences of 115 proteins from M. jannaschii are compared with their homologs from mesophilic Methanococcus species. Although the growth temperatures of the mesophiles are about 50 degrees C below that of M. jannaschii, their genomic G+C contents are nearly identical. The properties most correlated with the proteins of the thermophile include higher residue volume, higher residue hydrophobicity, more charged amino acids (especially Glu, Arg, and Lys), and fewer uncharged polar residues (Ser, Thr, Asn, and Gln). These are recurring themes, with all trends applying to 83-92% of the proteins for which complete sequences were available. Nearly all of the amino acid replacements most significantly correlated with the temperature change are the same relatively conservative changes observed in all proteins, but in the case of the mesophile/thermophile comparison there is a directional bias. We identify 26 specific pairs of amino acids with a statistically significant (P < 0.01) preferred direction of replacement. (+info)
Desiccation resistance in interspecific Drosophila crosses. Genetic interactions and trait correlations. (3/1981)We used crosses between two closely related Drosophila species, Drosophila serrata and D. birchii, to examine the genetic basis of desiccation resistance and correlations between resistance, physiological traits, and life-history traits. D. serrata is more resistant to desiccation than D. birchii, and this may help to explain the broader geographical range of the former species. A comparison of F2's from reciprocal crosses indicated higher resistance levels when F2's originated from D. birchii mothers compared to D. serrata mothers. However, backcrosses had a resistance level similar to that of the parental species, suggesting an interaction between X-linked effects in D. serrata that reduce resistance and autosomal effects that increase resistance. Reciprocal differences persisted in hybrid lines set up from the different reciprocal crosses and tested at later generations. Increased desiccation resistance was associated with an increased body size in two sets of hybrid lines and in half-sib groups set up from the F4's after crossing the two species, but size associations were inconsistent in the F2's. None of the crosses provided evidence for a positive association between desiccation resistance and glycogen levels, or evidence for a tradeoff between desiccation resistance and early fecundity. However, fecundity was positively correlated with body size at both the genetic and phenotypic levels. This study illustrates how interspecific crosses may provide information on genetic interactions between traits following adaptive divergence, as well as on the genetic basis of the traits. (+info)
Thermal compensation in protein and RNA synthesis during the intermolt cycle of the American lobster, Homarus americanus. (4/1981)1. The in vitro rates of incorporation of precursors into protein and RNA and the concentration of RNA were measured in tissues of intermolt and premolt lobsters acclimated to 5 degrees C and 20 degrees C. Midgut gland, abdominal muscle and gill of intermolt lobsters respond to temperature acclimation by a compensatory translation of the rate-temperature (R-T) curves with respect to the rates of incorporation of 3H-leucine and 3H-uridine into the acid-insoluble fraction. Midgut gland and muscle of premolt animals exhibit either no compensation or inverse compensation; gill tissue exhibits a rotation of the R-T curve. 2. The existence of the complete de novo pathway of pyrimidine biosynthesis is demonstrated in the class Crustacea. NaH14 CO2 is incorporated into orotic acid and orotic-14 C-acid is incorporated into the acid-insoluble fraction. 3. Both the concentration of RNA and the rates of incorporation of precursors of both the salvage and de novo pyrimidine pathways are enhanced in the midgut gland of premolt lobsters, relative to intermolt tissue, under conditions of warm-acclimation. (+info)
Acclimation of Arabidopsis leaves developing at low temperatures. Increasing cytoplasmic volume accompanies increased activities of enzymes in the Calvin cycle and in the sucrose-biosynthesis pathway. (5/1981)Photosynthetic and metabolic acclimation to low growth temperatures were studied in Arabidopsis (Heynh.). Plants were grown at 23 degrees C and then shifted to 5 degrees C. We compared the leaves shifted to 5 degrees C for 10 d and the new leaves developed at 5 degrees C with the control leaves on plants that had been left at 23 degrees C. Leaf development at 5 degrees C resulted in the recovery of photosynthesis to rates comparable with those achieved by control leaves at 23 degrees C. There was a shift in the partitioning of carbon from starch and toward sucrose (Suc) in leaves that developed at 5 degrees C. The recovery of photosynthetic capacity and the redirection of carbon to Suc in these leaves were associated with coordinated increases in the activity of several Calvin-cycle enzymes, even larger increases in the activity of key enzymes for Suc biosynthesis, and an increase in the phosphate available for metabolism. Development of leaves at 5 degrees C also led to an increase in cytoplasmic volume and a decrease in vacuolar volume, which may provide an important mechanism for increasing the enzymes and metabolites in cold-acclimated leaves. Understanding the mechanisms underlying such structural changes during leaf development in the cold could result in novel approaches to increasing plant yield. (+info)
Cold acclimation of guinea pig depressed contraction of cardiac papillary muscle. (6/1981)Guinea pigs were exposed to 5 degrees C for 3 wk, and the contractions of myocardial papillary muscle were compared with preparations dissected from control animals kept at approximately 25 degrees C. Developed tension of the papillary muscle per cross-sectional area was significantly (t-test, P < 0.05) decreased after cold exposure (19,200 +/- 8,160 vs. 3,020 +/- 2,890 dyne/cm2; 1 Hz). Time to peak tension was significantly faster in cold-exposed guinea pigs (126.4 +/- 11.1 ms; 1 Hz) than in controls (162.7 +/- 8. 7 ms). The magnitude of the developed tension after application of ryanodine (2 mM) to muscles from cold-exposed animals was decreased to 37.5 +/- 8.3% of control at 1 Hz, whereas in muscles from control animals, tension was decreased to 82.4 +/- 7.7%. The ryanodine-sensitive component of contraction was not significantly changed in control guinea pigs at frequencies >0.5 Hz, whereas in muscles from cold-acclimated guinea pigs, there was a "positive staircase." These results suggested that reversal of the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger is predominantly involved in the positive staircase in control guinea pigs, whereas rate-dependent increases in the Ca2+ store in the sarcoplasmic reticulum may be involved in the staircase after cold acclimation. (+info)
Core temperature and sweating onset in humans acclimated to heat given at a fixed daily time. (7/1981)The thermoregulatory functions of rats acclimated to heat given daily at a fixed time are altered, especially during the period in which they were previously exposed to heat. In this study, we investigated the existence of similar phenomena in humans. Volunteers were exposed to an ambient temperature (Ta) of 46 degrees C and a relative humidity of 20% for 4 h (1400-1800) for 9-10 consecutive days. In the first experiment, the rectal temperatures (Tre) of six subjects were measured over 24 h at a Ta of 27 degrees C with and without heat acclimation. Heat acclimation significantly lowered Tre only between 1400 and 1800. In the second experiment, six subjects rested in a chair at a Ta of 28 degrees C and a relative humidity of 40% with both legs immersed in warm water (42 degrees C) for 30 min. The Tre and sweating rates at the forearm and chest were measured. Measurements were made in the morning (0900-1100) and afternoon (1500-1700) on the same day before and after heat acclimation. Heat acclimation shortened the sweating latency and decreased the threshold Tre for sweating. However, these changes were significant only in the afternoon. The results suggest that repeated heat exposure in humans, limited to a fixed time daily, alters the core temperature level and thermoregulatory function, especially during the period in which the subjects had previously been exposed to heat. (+info)
Heat acclimation increases the basal HSP72 level and alters its production dynamics during heat stress. (8/1981)It has been previously shown that heat acclimation leads to an elevated basal level of 72-kDa heat shock protein (HSP72). Augmented expression of HSP72 is considered as a cytoprotective response. This led us to hypothesize that alterations in the heat shock protein (HSP) defense pathway are an integral part of the heat acclimation repertoire. To investigate this, we studied the temporal profile of basal HSP expression upon acclimation and the dynamics of their accumulation subsequent to acute heat stress (HS). In parallel, HSP72 mRNA level before and after HS was measured. For comparison, HSC mRNA [the constitutive member of 70-kDa HSP (HSP70) family] was measured in similar conditions. Heat acclimation was attained by continuous exposure of rats to 34 degrees C for 0, 1, 2, and 30 days. HS was attained by exposure to 41 or 43 degrees C for 2 h. Thermoregulatory capacity of the rats was defined by rectal temperature, heating rate, and the cumulative heat strain invoked during HS. HSP72 and HSP70 gene transcripts were measured in the left ventricle of the heart by means of Western immunoblotting and semiquantitative RT-PCR, respectively. The resultant acclimatory change comprised a higher resting level of the encoded 72-kDa protein (Delta175%, P < 0.0001). After HS, peak HSP72 mRNA level was attained, 40 and 20 min post-HS at 41 and 43 degrees C, respectively, vs. 60 and 40 min in the nonacclimated group. The subsequent HSP synthesis, however, was dependent on the severity of the cumulative heat strain. At the initial phase of heat acclimation, augmented HSP72 transcription unaccompanied by HSP synthesis was observed. It is concluded that upon heat acclimation, the HSP defense pathway is predisposed to a faster response. At the initial phases of heat acclimation, inability to elevate the HSP cytosolic level rules out their direct cytoprotective role. (+info)
Physiological plasticity increases resilience of ectothermic animals to climate change | Nature Climate Change
Acclimation, a form of physiological plasticity, is the capacity for organisms to physiologically adjust to temperature variation. Such changes can potentially reduce climate change impacts on animal populations. Research synthesizing the current state of knowledge about physiological plasticity in ectotherms shows that freshwater and marine animals seem to have a greater capacity for acclimation than terrestrial ones. Understanding how climate change affects natural populations remains one of the greatest challenges for ecology and management of natural resources. Animals can remodel their physiology to compensate for the effects of temperature variation, and this physiological plasticity, or acclimation, can confer resilience to climate change1,2. The current lack of a comprehensive analysis of the capacity for physiological plasticity across taxonomic groups and geographic regions, however, constrains predictions of the impacts of climate change. Here, we assembled the largest database to date to
Altitude, acclimatization to. Causes, symptoms, treatment Altitude, acclimatization to
Description of disease Altitude, acclimatization to. Treatment Altitude, acclimatization to. Symptoms and causes Altitude, acclimatization to Prophylaxis Altitude, acclimatization to
Temperature acclimatisation of muscle performance in the European Queen Scallop<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Temperature acclimatisation of muscle performance in the European Queen Scallop. AU - Bailey, David Mark. AU - Johnston, I. A.. PY - 2005. Y1 - 2005. N2 - The phenotypic plasticity of muscle performance and locomotory physiology allows the maintenance of essential activity capacity in the face of environmental change, and has been demonstrated in a wide phylogenetic range of eurythermal vertebrates. This study used the scallop, Aequipecten opercularis, as a model eurythermal invertebrate. Animals caught in different seasons demonstrated marked differences in their swimming performance and the relationship between, temperature and performance. When stimulated to swim at natural ranges of temperature, Winter (cold acclimatised), animals accelerated faster than autumn collected animals swimming at the same temperature (x 2 at 11degreesC) and attained higher velocities during jetting. The effects of acclimatisation were confined to the jetting phase and may be a mechanism for the ...
Plants | Free Full-Text | Differential Mechanisms of Photosynthetic Acclimation to Light and Low Temperature in Arabidopsis and...
Photosynthetic organisms are able to sense energy imbalances brought about by the overexcitation of photosystem II (PSII) through the redox state of the photosynthetic electron transport chain, estimated as the chlorophyll fluorescence parameter 1-qL, also known as PSII excitation pressure. Plants employ a wide array of photoprotective processes that modulate photosynthesis to correct these energy imbalances. Low temperature and light are well established in their ability to modulate PSII excitation pressure. The acquisition of freezing tolerance requires growth and development a low temperature (cold acclimation) which predisposes the plant to photoinhibition. Thus, photosynthetic acclimation is essential for proper energy balancing during the cold acclimation process. Eutrema salsugineum (Thellungiella salsuginea) is an extremophile, a close relative of Arabidopsis thaliana, but possessing much higher constitutive levels of tolerance to abiotic stress. This comparative study aimed to characterize the
Repositório Digital de Publicações Científicas: Academic Research on cattles acclimatisation process.
ACADEMIC RESEARCH ON CATTLES ACCLIMATISATION PROCESS Flávio Silva1, Cristina Conceição1,2, Liliana Cachucho3, Catarina Matos1, Ana Lúcia Garrido1, Ana Geraldo1,2, Elsa Lamy2, Fernando Capela e Silva2,4, Paulo Infante5 & Alfredo Pereira1,2, 1Departamento de Zootecnia, Universidade de Évora, Portugal; 2ICAAM, Universidade de Évora, Portugal; 3CEBAL, Beja, Portugal; 4Departamento de Biologia, Universidade de Évora, Portugal; 5Deparatamento de Matemática, Universidade de Évora, Portugal. ABSTRACT Animals welfare and performance is compromised by environmental heat stress, present during summer in the Mediterranean climate. Heat stress effects are well known and widely studied, although the mechanisms of season acclimatisation are less well understood. Throughout the last 20 years, we have been studying this process in the Mediterranean and tropical regions, aiming to understand it better, developing and improving methodologies and search for reliable biomarkers of thermal stress. The ...
Quantification in vivo of the effects of insulin on glucose utilization in individual tissues of warm- and cold-acclimated rats...
Cold-acclimation of rats (3 weeks, 4 degrees C) had no effect on basal rates of glucose production or utilization. Under euglycaemic-clamp conditions, in which the circulating insulin concentration was increased by approx. 50 microunits/ml, cold-acclimated rats showed a greater increase in glucose utilization and a greater suppression of endogenous glucose production. Tissue sites of glucose utilization were investigated by using a tracer dose of 2-deoxy-D-[14C]glucose and a glucose metabolic index determined for each tissue. In 5 h-starved warm-acclimated rats, heart had the highest glucose metabolic index. This was increased further by both cold-acclimation and insulin treatment. The glucose metabolic index of skeletal muscle was 3.5-14-fold lower than that of heart, but, as a result of the large muscle mass, skeletal muscle made the largest contribution to whole-body glucose utilization. White and brown adipose tissue had low glucose metabolic indices in warm-acclimated rats under basal ...
Changes in extreme cold tolerance, membrane composition and cardiac transcriptome during the first day of thermal acclimation...
There were three to four times more features upregulated only in cold-acclimated crabs. These were clustered by strong expression differences (average fourfold difference) between warm- and cold-acclimated crabs (N=404; Fig 2E, Table 1) or weak expression differences (average twofold difference) across acclimation temperature groups (N=1927; Fig. 2F, Table 1).. Cold-acclimated crabs had elevated expression of genes encoding proteins involved in the net production of glucose. Of a total of 36 uniquely annotated features for glucose production or transport genes, 26 (72%) were observed in the clusters that were upregulated by cold acclimation (Fig. 2E,F, Table 1), and 15 of those were strongly induced (10- to 12-fold induction; Table 1, Fig. 2E). Cold acclimation strongly induced glucose production and transport genes including glycogen phosphorylase, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, glucose-6-phosphatase, glucose transporter, glucose repression mediator and sugar transporters such as osmotin ...
Comparative transcriptome analysis of human skeletal muscle in response to cold acclimation and exercise training in human...
Cold acclimation and exercise training were previously shown to increase peripheral insulin sensitivity in human volunteers with type 2 diabetes. Although cold is a potent activator of brown adipose tissue, the increase in peripheral insulin sensitivity by cold is largely mediated by events occurring in skeletal muscle and at least partly involves GLUT4 translocation, as is also observed for exercise training. To investigate if cold acclimation and exercise training overlap in the molecular adaptive response in skeletal muscle, we performed transcriptomics analysis on vastus lateralis muscle collected from human subjects before and after 10 days of cold acclimation, as well as before and after a 12-week exercise training intervention. Cold acclimation altered the expression of 756 genes (422 up, 334 down, P | 0.01), while exercise training altered the expression of 665 genes (444 up, 221 down, P | 0.01). Principal Component Analysis, Venn diagram, similarity analysis and Rank-rank Hypergeometric Overlap
Effects of transportation, relocation, and acclimation on phenotypes and functional characteristics of peripheral blood...
Nonhuman primates from domestic sources constitute a small, but critical, proportion of animals studied in research laboratories. Many of these nonhuman primates are raised at one facility and subsequently transported/relocated to another facility for research purposes. We examined the effects of transport, relocation, and acclimation on the phenotype and function of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in a group of rhesus monkeys that were transported by road for approximately 21 hours from one facility to another. Using a panel of human antibodies and a set of standardized human immune assays, we evaluated the phenotype of lymphocyte subsets by flow, mitogen-specific immune responses of PBMCs in vitro, and levels of circulating cytokines and cortisol in plasma at various time points including immediately before transport, immediately upon arrival, and after approximately 30 days of acclimation. Analyses of blood samples revealed that CD3+ T-cell and CD20+ B-cell populations had ...
Proteomic analysis of cardiac response to thermal acclimation in the e by W. Wesley Dowd, Nishad Jayasundara et al.
Cardiac function is thought to play a central role in determining thermal optima and tolerance limits in teleost fishes. Investigating proteomic responses to temperature in cardiac tissues may provide insights into mechanisms supporting the thermal plasticity of cardiac function. Here, we utilized a global proteomic analysis to investigate changes in cardiac protein abundance in response to temperature acclimation (transfer from 13°C to 9, 19 and 26°C) in a eurythermal goby, Gillichthys mirabilis. Proteomic data revealed 122 differentially expressed proteins across acclimation groups, 37 of which were identified using tandem mass-spectrometry. These 37 proteins are involved in energy metabolism, mitochondrial regulation, iron homeostasis, cytoprotection against hypoxia, and cytoskeletal organization. Compared with the 9 and 26°C groups, proteins involved in energy metabolism increased in 19°C-acclimated fish, indicating an overall increase in the capacity for ATP production. Creatine kinase
Intraspecific differences in metabolic rate of Chroeomys olivaceus (Rodentia: Muridae): the effect of thermal acclimation in...
NOVOA, F. Fernando; RIVERA-HUTINEL, Antonio; ROSENMANN, Mario y SABAT, Pablo. Intraspecific differences in metabolic rate of Chroeomys olivaceus (Rodentia: Muridae): the effect of thermal acclimation in arid and mesic habitats. Rev. chil. hist. nat. [online]. 2005, vol.78, n.2, pp.215-227. ISSN 0716-078X. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-078X2005000200004.. Studies of metabolic capacities in rodents have been largely studied at an inter-specific levels, but physiological capacities of populations belonging to the same species have received lesser attention. Here we studied the maximum and basal metabolic rates of two populations of the rodent Chroeomys olivaceus dwelling in habitats with contrasting temperature and rainfall regimes, and to test if differences in metabolic capacities are due to local adaptation or acclimatization effect. After four weeks of acclimation to 25 ºC and 10 ºC, the BMR and MMR were determined in individuals from the northern population of Caleta Loa, and the southern ...
Arabidopsis] Postdoc on cold acclimation at MPIMP, Germany.
A post-doctoral fellowship is available for up to three years to investigate the molecular mechanisms of cold acclimation in Arabidopsis. Initially, the candidate should complete two well-established projects that continue our recent studies (see Hannah et al., 2005, PLoS Genet. 1, e26, http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.0010026; Hannah et al., 2006, Plant Physiol. 142, http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.106.081141). The first uses real-time PCR and expression profiling to investigate interactions between cold and other signalling pathways. The second project investigates the role of novel proteins in determining freezing tolerance. These high-interest candidates were selected from our earlier profiling studies and homozygous KO mutants are already available. These are being screened for differences in freezing tolerance using established protocols, and for molecular phenotypes using transcript and metabolite profiling. The candidate will have access to the extensive institute facilities and ...
Continuous selection pressure to improve temperature acclimation of Tisochrysis lutea - Inria
Temperature plays a key role in outdoor industrial cultivation of microalgae. Improving the thermal tolerance of microalgae to both daily and seasonal temperature fluctuations can thus contribute to increase their annual productivity. A long term selection experiment was carried out to increase the thermal niche (temperature range for which the growth is possible) of a neutral lipid overproducing strain of Tisochrysis lutea. The experimental protocol consisted to submit cells to daily variations of temperature for 7 months. The stress intensity, defined as the amplitude of daily temperature variations, was progressively increased along successive selection cycles. Only the amplitude of the temperature variations were increased, the daily average temperature was kept constant along the experiment. This protocol resulted in a thermal niche increase by 3°C (+16.5 %), with an enhancement by 9 % of the maximal growth rate. The selection process also affected T. lutea physiology, with a feature generally
Carlile Coaches Forum
ALTITUDE TRAINING AND ITS EFFECTS ON HIGHLY-TRAINED SWIMMERS The scientific evidence associated with altitude acclimatization and performance in elite swimmers is reviewed extensively in the yet-to-be-published paper, Altitude training and elite swimmers. The authors are: Brent S. Rushall, Michael J. Buono, and Anthony A. Sucec, Professors of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences at San Diego State University, and Alan D. Roberts, Associate-Professor of Sports Studies at the University of Canberra. The article is the most detailed and up-to-date treatment of the topic available. Initial attention is paid to the manner in which the human body acclimatizes (adapts) to passive and active stresses. Those reactions are then meshed with the published works on altitude acclimatization that are valid for swimming. With altitude training featuring as an expensive part of the annual plans of several nations, it is of value to consider the summary implications of this research article. . . . acclimatization ...
Functional genomic analysis of corals from natural CO2-seeps reveal core molecular responses involved in acclimatization to...
Little is known about the potential for acclimatization or adaptation of corals to ocean acidification and even less about the molecular mechanisms underpinning these processes. Here we examine global gene expression patterns in corals and their intracellular algal symbionts from two replicate population pairs in Papua New Guinea that have undergone long-term acclimatization to natural…
An impressive capacity for cold tolerance plasticity protects against ionoregulatory collapse in the disease vector Aedes...
Larvae and adults of A. aegypti are clearly capable of cold acclimation when presented with a change in larval or adult acclimation temperature. In the present study, we compared the effects of development or adult acclimation at only two temperatures (15 and 25°C), but demonstrate that this difference of 10°C was sufficient to substantially alter chill tolerance in this important vector of disease. Cold-acclimated larvae and adults more rapidly recovered from chill coma following cold stress, and had significantly higher survival following chronic cold. After 12-16 h at 2°C, very few larvae acclimated to 15°C showed any signs of chilling injury while ∼30% of larvae acclimated to 25°C were clearly suffering from neuromuscular injury that prevented them moving in a coordinated manner (Fig. 2B).. Chilling injury has been repeatedly associated with a systemic loss of ion balance in several terrestrial insects, including members of Hemiptera, Diptera, Blattodea, Lepidoptera and Orthoptera ...
Dynamic Plastid Redox Signals Integrate Gene Expression and Metabolism to Induce Distinct Metabolic States in Photosynthetic...
Plants possess acclimation responses in which structural reconfigurations adapt the photosynthetic apparatus to fluctuating illumination. Long-term acclimation involves changes in plastid and nuclear gene expression and is controlled by redox signals from photosynthesis. The kinetics of these signals and the adjustments of energetic and metabolic demands to the changes in the photosynthetic apparatus are currently poorly understood. Using a redox signaling system that preferentially excites either photosystem I or II, we measured the time-dependent impact of redox signals on the transcriptome and metabolome of Arabidopsis thaliana. We observed rapid and dynamic changes in nuclear transcript accumulation resulting in differential and specific expression patterns for genes associated with photosynthesis and metabolism. Metabolite pools also exhibited dynamic changes and indicate readjustments between distinct metabolic states depending on the respective illumination. These states reflect ...
Heights and haematology: The story of haemoglobin at altitude<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Heights and haematology. T2 - The story of haemoglobin at altitude. AU - Windsor, Jeremy S.. AU - Rodway, George W. PY - 2007/3. Y1 - 2007/3. N2 - In order to compensate for the low partial pressure of oxygen at altitude, the human body undergoes a number of physiological changes. A vital component in this process is the increase in the concentration of circulating haemoglobin. The role of HIF-1α, erythropoietin and red blood cells in this acclimatisation process is described, together with the fall in plasma volume that increases the concentration of haemoglobin in the early stages of hypoxic exposure.. AB - In order to compensate for the low partial pressure of oxygen at altitude, the human body undergoes a number of physiological changes. A vital component in this process is the increase in the concentration of circulating haemoglobin. The role of HIF-1α, erythropoietin and red blood cells in this acclimatisation process is described, together with the fall in plasma volume ...
Acclimatization - Wikipedia
Acclimatisation (also called acclimation or acclimatation) is the process in which an individual organism adjusts to a change in its environment (such as a change in altitude, temperature, humidity, photoperiod, or pH), allowing it to maintain performance across a range of environmental conditions. Acclimatization occurs in a short period of time (hours to weeks), and within the organisms lifetime (compared to adaptation, which is a development that takes place over many generations). This may be a discrete occurrence (for example, when mountaineers acclimate to high altitude over hours or days) or may instead represent part of a periodic cycle, such as a mammal shedding heavy winter fur in favor of a lighter summer coat. Organisms can adjust their morphological, behavioral, physical, and/or biochemical traits in response to changes in their environment. While the capacity to acclimate to novel environments has been well documented in thousands of species, researchers still know very little ...
Swimming Science Bulletin
To maximize oxygen transport at altitude, one needs to proportionally alter all links in the delivery, extraction, and utilization phases of the aerobic mechanism that results from the acclimatization process (Sutton, 1994). The elements of major change indicated above acclimate at different times (Smith & Sharkey, 1984). One can cautiously assume that the asynchronous development of the segments of the aerobic system will not accommodate the most effective acclimatization in the early stages. If the term of altitude residence is long enough, eventually all changes will be completed and maximal acclimated aerobic function will have occurred. Despite those changes, oxygen delivery at altitude will still be less than that of sea-level if aerobic fitness was fully trained prior to going to altitude (Sutton, 1994). Maximum physiological capacities are not enhanced by altitude acclimatization. However, submaximal utilizations do change and are associated with improved altitude performance. The longer ...
Sujith Puthiyaveetil - Interdisciplinary Life Science - PULSe - Purdue University
Our laboratory studies the molecular strategies used by plants, algae and cyanobacteria to maximize their photosynthetic efficiency in an unpredictable and at times rapidly changing light environment. Photosystems are pigment-protein complexes that perform light harvesting and primary light-driven electron transport reactions of photosynthesis. Two spectrally and functionally distinct photosystems participate in the oxygen-evolving photosynthesis of plants, algae and cyanobactetia. Light quality gradients that favour one photosystem over the other initiate a remarkable acclimatory response known as the photosystem stoichiometry adjustment, wherein the relative abundance of the two photosystems is adjusted so as to correct the energy conversion at the rate-limiting photosystem. In this acclimatory response the photosynthetic electron transport provides a feedback regulatory signal that controls the expression of the nuclear-encoded photosystem II (PS II) antenna genes and the chloroplast-encoded ...
Hematological adaptations to prolonged heat acclimation in endurance-trained males - Forskning - Region Hovedstaden
Heat acclimation is associated with plasma volume (PV) expansion that occurs within the first week of exposure. However, prolonged effects on hemoglobin mass (Hbmass) are unclear as intervention periods in previous studies have not allowed sufficient time for erythropoiesis to manifest. Therefore, Hbmass, intravascular volumes, and blood volume (BV)-regulating hormones were assessed with 5½ weeks of exercise-heat acclimation (HEAT) or matched training in cold conditions (CON) in 21 male cyclists [(mean ± SD) age: 38 ± 9 years, body weight: 80.4 ± 7.9 kg, VO2peak: 59.1 ± 5.2 ml/min/kg]. HEAT (n = 12) consisted of 1 h cycling at 60% VO2peak in 40°C for 5 days/week in addition to regular training, whereas CON (n = 9) trained exclusively in cold conditions (,15°C). Before and after the intervention, Hbmass and intravascular volumes were assessed by carbon monoxide rebreathing, while reticulocyte count and BV-regulating hormones were measured before, after 2 weeks and post intervention. Total ...
Birding close to Lhasa - altitude acclimatization
Just before entering the site we had two Grey-backed Shrikes along the road. When parking the car on the northern side of the wetland, several Citrine Wagtails and Hoopoes welcomed us. Citrine Wagtails and Oriental Skylarks were the most typical and numerous species today. Also very rewarding was three Himalayan Griffon Vultures soaring above the hills. This is the species that the Tibetan people use for their sky burials. Apparently there was a dead Yak in the mountains, and I guess the Vultures were dribbling for a bite of that one. Two Red-billed Choughs were also a new experience for me, as were some Russet Sparrows in a group of Eurasian Tree Sparrows. The local varieties of birds include Black Redstarts of the subspecies rufiventris and Twites (subspecies rufostrigata). The White Wagtails are a fine mixture of the subspecies leucopsis and alboides ...
Cold Water Acclimatization | LoneSwimmer
This post was a companion to HABITUATION, both of which I wrote in early 2010. Since I revisited and largely rewrote that as Cold Water Habituation, my plan was to do the same in this post also. Acclimatization (acclimatisation for those of us who forego the use of the z) is a different factor to habituation. While…
Differences between temperate and tropical birds in seasonal acclimatization of thermoregulatory traits<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Differences between temperate and tropical birds in seasonal acclimatization of thermoregulatory traits. AU - Pollock, Henry S.. AU - Brawn, Jeffrey D.. AU - Agin, Timothy J.. AU - Cheviron, Zachary. N1 - Funding Information: Acknowledgements - We thank Blair Wolf, for helpful discussions and insightful guidance on avian thermal physiology; Phred Benham, Nate Senner, Nick Sly, Maria Stager, Jon Velotta, Cole Wolf and two anonymous reviewers for comments on the manuscript; T. J. Benson, for statistical guidance; Jan Bellington, Spencer Landsman, Renee and Michael Pollock, and Zak and Erica Sutton for generously allowing us to catch birds at their feeders; and finally, all of the field technicians who spent long nights collecting these data, including John Andrews, Kristina Bartowitz, Yocelin Bello, Fernando Cediel, Noah Horsley, Jason Huska, Sean MacDonald, Stephanie Meyers, Simon Nockold, Diego Rincón-Guarín, Chris Wagner, Tyler Winter and Kittie Yang. Funding - This research ...
Seasonal acclimatization and latitudinal compensation in metabolism: do they exist? - NERC Open Research Archive
Clarke, Andrew. 1993 Seasonal acclimatization and latitudinal compensation in metabolism: do they exist? Functional Ecology, 7 (2). 139-149. https://doi.org/10.2307/2389880 Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy ...
02 June- 2018: Dingboche Acclimatization Day - Mega Adventures International
02 June- 2018: Dingboche Acclimatization Day,. Todays day started with an early morning wake up call at 5:30 am and I couldnt pull myself out of the bed and hike was supposed to be until Nagakarsang (5,090 mt./ 16,699 ft.) from where we could have observed majestic view of Himalayas however weather got cold and windy and I decided to go for half way in order to conserve my energy for the next day.. ...
Why Choose Aventuras Patagonicas? - Aventuras Patagonicas
We use three to four camps (depending on weather, team acclimatization and logistics) from Base Camp on up. Most companies use 2 to 3 camps maximum. We feel strongly about giving you the best possible chance to summit. By using more camps, or extra rest days, your chance to acclimatize and summit dramatically increases. It would be easier and more economical for us to use only two camps, but we do not. We want you to have the opportunity to achieve the best acclimatization possible. Sometimes our teams take rest days above Base Camp to help with acclimatization. This can vary depending on trip circumstances, acclimatization, weather, etc.. ...
Acclimatization of a Methanogenic Consortium To Polychlorinated Compounds in a Fixed Film Stationary Bed Reactor | DIAL.pr -...
With the objective of destruction of organic toxic or recalcitrant compounds by a microbial anaerobic mixed population, a new concept has been devised : the Destox concept. It has been applied here to the destruction of a toxic mixture of about 30 polychlorinated aliphatic compounds (PAC-MIX 1), including 51% of hexachloro-1,3-butadiene. The basic step for initiating the degradation is thought to be reductive dechlorination by microbial interspecies hydrogen transfer in a system using at all times a non-toxic co-substrate as major source of carbon and energy. In an upflow laboratory-scale reactor with a fixed-film stationary-bed, fed with a co-substrate, amounts of 48 mg/litre working volume per day of PAC-MIX 1 have been added during intermittent periods of time. This paper presents, over a period of 421 days, the evolution from a situation of complete inhibition of all microbial activity, from fermentative to methanogenic, into a situation of partial acclimatization, the fermentative and ...
Acclimatization (Topic) - Oconee Regional Library System
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All our products require time to acclimatize to the conditions they will be installed.. Please go to the appropriate link below to learn more on the acclimatization requirements for our products.. ...
Effects of transportation, relocation, and acclimation on phenotypes and functional characteristics of peripheral blood...
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EBC Day 06 - Acclimatisation at Namche Bazaar | Ramonfadli.com
The day started off slow with a bit of coffee and lemon tea before I went out to look around the quaint little shops scattered around Namche Bazaar
PRIME PubMed | Once- and twice-daily heat acclimation confer similar heat adaptations, inflammatory responses and exercise...
PubMed journal article Once- and twice-daily heat acclimation confer similar heat adaptations, inflammatory responses and exercise tolerance improvement were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone or iPad.
A global survey of gene regulation during cold acclimation in Arabidopsis thaliana :: MPG.PuRe
Autor: Hannah, M. A. et al.; Genre: Zeitschriftenartikel; Im Druck veröffentlicht: 2005; Open Access; Keywords: false discovery rate|br/|freezing-tolerance|br/|low-temperature|br/|transcription factors|br/|water-deficit|br/|microarray experiments|br/|signal-transduction|br/|cdna microarray|br/|expression|br/|stress; Titel: A global survey of gene regulation during cold acclimation in Arabidopsis thaliana
When They Are Hot - Football Toolbox
Even light or moderate exercise thats easy to perform in cool conditions can become extremely difficult during an athletes first exposure to hot weather in a long while. However, repeated exposure to a hot environment produces physiological changes that improve work capacity and thermoregulation. This acclimatization process is one of the most critical concepts to understand in order to keep athletes safe in the heat.. Acclimatization occurs through a series of adaptations in the body, including decreased heart rate, decreased internal temperature, and increased plasma volume and sweat rate. Essentially, the body learns that its response to exercise shouldnt be the same on an 85-degree day as on a 65-degree day. Over time, the same amount of work in hot weather becomes less physically stressful, and an athlete can work harder and longer without an increased health risk.. How exactly to structure an acclimatization period varies based on an athletes initial conditioning level, body ...
Rustificação in vitro em diferentes ambientes e aclimatização de microplantas de Comanthera mucugensis Giul. subsp. mucugensis
ALONE, Lima-Brito et al. In vitro hardening in different enviroment and acclimatization of microplants of Comanthera mucugensis Giul. subsp. mucugensis. Rev. Ciênc. Agron. [online]. 2016, vol.47, n.1, pp.152-161. ISSN 0045-6888. http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/1806-6690.20160018.. The present study evaluated the influence of photon flux density and the type of culture vessel seal on the hardening of in vitro plants and on the survival of seedlings acclimatized of C. mucugensis subsp. mucugensis, in order to increase the survival during acclimatization. Micropropagated shoots were maintained under three different levels of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR): 60; 120 and 300 µmol m-2 s-1. Forty days after inoculation, the PVC that was used to close the tubes was exchanged for three different types of seals: PVC, caps and cotton. At 60 days of cultivation the plants were analyzed as anatomy, loss of water and growth. For acclimatization, some plants were transferred to green houses and covered ...
Mature leaves of vegetation transferred from low to high light typically | Thioredoxin Reductase and its Inhibitors
Mature leaves of vegetation transferred from low to high light typically increase their photosynthetic capacity. photosynthetic capacity (accession Wassilewskija\4 (Ws\4) shows a strong dynamic acclimation of buy PFK-158 photosynthetic capacity, increasing (collection is therefore a useful tool to study the dynamic acclimation response in mutant and to the related mutant, is essential for the growth and development of knockout vegetation are viable and display phenotypically normal growth under standard laboratory growth conditions. Only under variable growth conditions has a obvious growth phenotype been shown (Athanasiou can be induced under a range of treatments and at various developmental phases, as well as in a number of mutants impaired in carbon rate of metabolism or its rules. In crazy\type vegetation, expression is definitely induced in imbibed seeds (Finch\Savage vegetation, concentrating on the regulatory events occurring at an early stage in acclimation to improved light, when GPT2 ...
Publikationen von André Scheffel | Max-Planck-Institut für Molekulare Pflanzenphysiologie
Zuther, E.; Lee, Y. P.; Erban, A.; Kopka, J.; Hincha, D. K.: Natural Variation in Freezing Tolerance and Cold Acclimation Response in Arabidopsis thaliana and Related Species. In: Survival Strategies in Extreme Cold and Desiccation: Adaptation Mechanisms and Their Applications, S. 81 - 98 (Hg. Iwaya-Inoue, M.; Sakurai, M.; Uemura, M.). Springer Singapore, Singapore (2018 ...
Acclim SW Inverts F
BobF,. When acclimating Lysmata amboinensis - 11/09/06 Alight thank you I will read on WetWebMedia. One more quick question When acclimating Lysmata amboinensis. What is the best method to use? ,Very slow drip into an open container... a length of air-line tubing either tied to reduce flow, or a nut, couple of washers, and bolt to pinch/restrict. Bob Fenner,. Re: step by step acclimation for shrimp Hey Craig, I need to ask you if its possible to e-mail me with a step by step process for acclimating cleaner shrimp or CBS. Heres my acclimation method: 1. float bag for 15-20 min (livestock from LFS) 2. open bag and add water from tank (1 shot glass) every 10 minutes until volume of water in bag doubles. 3. pour half of the water from bag, then repeat step 2 until volume doubles. 4. release livestock (shrimp dies within 2 hours and some dont survive the acclimation process) Im doing this process with the bag afloat in my tank (lights off). The whole process takes me about 2.5-3 hours to ...
Respiratory control during air-breathing exercise in humans following an 8 h exposure to hypoxia. - Oxford Neuroscience
Hypoxic exposure lasting a few hours results in an elevation of ventilation and a lowering of end-tidal P(CO2) (P(ET(CO2))) that persists on return to breathing air. We sought to determine whether this increment in ventilation is fixed (hypothesis 1), or whether it increases in proportion to the rise in metabolic rate associated with exercise (hypothesis 2). Ten subjects were studied on two separate days. On 1 day, subjects were exposed to 8h of isocapnic hypoxia (end-tidal P(O2) 55 Torr) and on the other day to 8 h of euoxia as a control. Before and 30 min after each exposure, subjects undertook an incremental exercise test. The best fit of a model for the variation in P(ET(CO2)) with metabolic rate gave a residual squared error that was approximately 20-fold less for hypothesis 2 than for hypothesis 1 (p|0.005, F-ratio test). We conclude that the alterations in respiratory control induced during early ventilatory acclimatization to hypoxia better reflect those associated with hypothesis 2 rather than
Note on Acclimatization
I couldnt reconcile this with another datum about high altitude climbing, which is that it can be dangerous to go down when you are acclimatized, spend time low, then climb back up. I think I realized whats happening in this case. When you go down after altitude, your cells will compress from the added pressure. You will retain the red blood cells, perhaps even produce more, now that your body is more comfortable. When you climb back up, you will feel great, not being much restrained from the low oxygen. However, your cells will still expand, and if you dont give it the time to do so slowly and uniformly, you will get sick. Edemas occur when cells of different kinds expand at different rates in the low pressure of high altitudes ...
Everest and Lhotse 2021: Acclimatization hike - Alpine Ascents International
Hello Everyone,. Today we went on another hike to help acclimatize our bodies to a new altitude of 18,500ft. It was a bit cloudy today so we didnt get to see all of the spectacular views we normally do on this hike but still a great hike. Everyone is feeling better each day here at Basecamp as we adjust to the altitude. Tomorrow we will begin some of our review and practice on crossing ladders, then we will spend the next few days doing this in the lower Khumbu icefall. We are all healthy, and doing well here in Basecamp!. Thanks for following along,. Ben ...
Euryhalin teleosts can live in freshwater as well as in seawater. The success of their survival depends then on their osmotic acclimation capacities. The objective of my work is to describe acclimation processes in the salted water at the rainbow trout by a study coupling functional genomic and genetic approaches. From a first differential gill transcriptomic study, a list of candidates genes was established. This study also allowed to investigate the physiological answer to a hyperosmotic kinetics ...
Library of Dr. Thomas G. Mathews: Acclimatization in the Andes
Out of experimental data that have not yet been published and in the light of relevant historical material, Dr. Monge has drawn certain conclusions about biological effects in high altitudes. The whole is presented as a preliminary study to be followed by a series of scientific papers. Three themes are interwoven in this fascinating account of altitude effects on man. They are, (1) the conclusions drawn from the experimental work of the Institute of Andean Biology, of which Dr. Monge is director; (2) the evidence in the chronicles of early Peru that the fair treatment of natives was one of the earliest policy conceptions of Inca government; and (3) successive colonial and republican governments of Peru, over a long period of time, have largely neglected problems of human conservation that arise among the highland population ...
Fumbling Towards Endurance: Acclimatization 8 Months Later
Where this has all led to now is that I feel like living this high up was a pretty big challenge for the first several months. A challenge that my body took months to adapt to and to figure out. Now that I have made that adaptation I am beginning to feel like it is to my advantage to live at this altitude. It actually reminds me a lot of when I first moved to Juneau. It took me over a year to adapt to the terrain (super steep and in many areas super technical) in Juneau and turn what seemed like a negative thing into a very positive thing. In the case of the altitude I think a huge portion of this adaptation is purely physical, but I also dont discount that a large part of this is mental. For months I hard a very hard time accepting the way I feel when I run at 8,500+ ft. I just kept waiting for it to feel better. And day after day it just kept feeling pretty crappy, especially when I went up to 10, 11, 12k, and above. Now it still feels kind of crappy when I go up that high, but Ive come to ...
THE USE OF CHLOROPHYLL FLUORESCENCE TO DETERMINE THE EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT ACCLIMATION TEMPERATURES ON STRAWBERRY LEAVES EXPOSED...
This research was conducted to understand the effects of different acclimation temperatures on strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) leaves exposed to mild frost damage. Measurement of chlorophyll fluorescence (Fv/Fm) is a quick method for determining cold damage to the plant photosynthetic apparatus. Potted strawberry plants of the cultivars Honeoye and Chandler were grown in a temperature controlled (24-26°C day, 18°C night) greenhouse in East Lansing, MI, USA until the plants had five fully expanded leaves. Plants were then exposed to either 4°C, 8°C or 12°C in three temperature controlled rooms for two days before being exposed to a simulated mild frost at -2°C for six hours. A completely randomized plot design was used for this experiment with twenty plants in each treatment plot. Control plants were untreated. Plants exposed to -2°C were brought back to the greenhouse where chlorophyll fluorescence was measured for five consecutive days. Leaves exposed to -2°C were not affected by ...
Regulation and characterization of four CBF transcription factors from Brassica napus, Plant Molecular Biology | 10.1023/A...
Read Regulation and characterization of four CBF transcription factors from Brassica napus, Plant Molecular Biology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Temporal changes in the fatty acid composition and fluidity of gill and hemocyte membranes during thermal acclimation of the...
The fatty acid composition and fluidity of gill phospholipids and hemocyte membranes of a eurytherrnal bivalve, Placopecten magellanicus, were investigated following a 10°C reduction in acclimation temperature. The time course of the acclimation response from 15 to 5°C was also monitored over a 21-day period. Membrane physical properties were measured by means of an electron spin resonance (ESR) spin-labeling technique, using 5-doxyl stearic acid (5-SASL) as a probe. Changes in the fluidity of gill membranes were analyzed by incorporating 5-SASL into vesicles made from total gill phospholipid (PL). Membrane fluidity measurements showed that cold-acclimated scallop membranes were more fluid than those of warm-acclimated animals. However, the order parameter of 5-SASL was greatest during the first six days of the reduction in temperature, indicating a more rigid gill membrane structure. The fluidity of gill and hemocyte membranes were negatively correlated with the proportion of 20:5n-3 (r = ...
Frontiers | Post-exercise Hot Water Immersion Elicits Heat Acclimation Adaptations That Are Retained for at Least Two Weeks |...
Heat acclimation by post-exercise hot water immersion (HWI) on six consecutive days reduces thermal strain and improves exercise performance during heat stress. However, the retention of adaptations by this method remains unknown. Typically, adaptations to short-term, exercise-heat-acclimation (max in the heat (33°C, 40% RH) before (PRE) and 24 h after (POST) the HWI intervention (n = 13) and then at 1 week (WK 1) and 2 weeks (WK 2) after the HWI intervention (n = 9). Heat acclimation involved a 40-min treadmill run (65% max) on six consecutive days in temperate conditions (20°C), followed by ≤40 min HWI (40°C). Post-exercise HWI induced heat acclimation adaptations that were retained for at least 2 weeks, evidenced by reductions from PRE to WK 2 in: resting rectal core temperature (Tre, −0.36 ± 0.25°C), Tre at sweating onset (−0.26 ± 0.24°C), and end-exercise Tre (−0.36 ± 0.37°C). Furthermore, mean skin temperature (Tsk) (−0.77 ± 0.70°C), heart rate (−14 ± 10 beats⋅min-1),
Hemoglobina y testosterona: importancia en la aclimatación y adaptación a la altura
GONZALES, Gustavo F.. Hemoglobin and testosterone: importance on high altitude acclimatization and adaptation. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2011, vol.28, n.1, pp.92-100. ISSN 1726-4634.. The different types of response mechanisms that the organism uses when exposed to hypoxia include accommodation, acclimatization and adaptation. Accommodation is the initial response to acute exposure to high altitude hypoxia and is characterized by an increase in ventilation and heart rate. Acclimatization is observed in individuals temporarily exposed to high altitude, and to some extent, it enables them to tolerate the high altitudes. In this phase, erythropoiesis is increased, resulting in higher hemoglobin and hematocrit levels to improve oxygen delivery capacity. Adaptation is the process of natural acclimatization where genetical variations and acclimatization play a role in allowing subjects to live without any difficulties at high altitudes. Testosterone is a hormone that regulates ...
Differential expression of duplicated LDH-A genes during temperature acclimation of weatherfish Misgurnus fossilis: functional...
ePIC (electronic Publication Information Center) is the official repository for publications and presentations of Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI)
White blood cell and hormonal responses to 4300 m altitude before and after intermittent altitude exposure | Clinical Science |...
Recent studies have demonstrated that brief daily IAE (intermittent altitude exposure) was equally as effective as continuous altitude residence in inducing physiological adaptations consistent with altitude acclimatization. Although the positive benefits of IAE have been clearly defined, the potential negative consequences of IAE on health, specifically the immune system, remain undefined. The present study determined the effects of IAE on WBC (white blood cell) and hormonal responses during rest and exercise at 4300 m altitude. Six lowlanders (age, 23±2 years; body weight, 77±6 kg; values are means±S.E.M.) completed a V̇O2max (maximal O2 uptake) and submaximal cycle ergometer test during a 30-h SL (sea level) exposure and during a 30 h exposure to 4300 m altitude-equivalent once before (PreIAE) and once after (PostIAE) a 3-week period of IAE (4 h·day−1, 5 days·week−1, 4300 m). The submaximal cycle ergometer test consisted of two consecutive 15-min work bouts at 40% and 70% of ...
Including plant acclimation to temperature change improves climate models - Purdue University
Including plants acclimation to changes in temperature could significantly improve the accuracy of climate models, a Purdue University study shows.
Effect of sauna-based heat acclimation on plasma volume and heart rate variability | SpringerLink
We investigated the effect of post-exercise sauna bathing on plasma volume (PV) expansion and whether such responses can be tracked by changes in heart rat
Dynamic Regulation of Aquaglyceroporin Expression in Erythrocyte Cultu by Venkateshwar Mutyam, Matthew V. Puccetti et al.
Copes gray treefrog, Hyla chrysoscelis,is a freeze-tolerant anuran which accumulates and distributes glycerol as a cryoprotectant before freezing. We hypothesize that HC-3, an aquaglyceroporin member of the MIP family of water pores, may play an important role in the process of freeze tolerance by mediating transmembrane passage of glycerol and water during cold-acclimation. The objectives of this study were two-fold: to examine HC-3 protein abundance and cellular localization in erythrocytes from cold- and warm-acclimated frogs and to develop and characterize an erythrocyte cell culture system for examining HC-3 gene regulation. Compared with warm-acclimated frogs, erythrocytes from cold-acclimated frogs had higher HC-3 protein expression and enhanced plasma membrane localization. Furthermore, erythrocytes from cold- and warm-acclimated frogs maintained in culture at 4 and 20°C exhibited time- and temperature-dependent regulation of HC-3 expression and an increase in the abundance of high molecular
IJMS | Free Full-Text | The Influence of Light Quality, Circadian Rhythm, and Photoperiod on the CBF-Mediated Freezing...
Low temperature adversely affects crop yields by restraining plant growth and productivity. Most temperate plants have the potential to increase their freezing tolerance upon exposure to low but nonfreezing temperatures, a process known as cold acclimation. Various physiological, molecular, and metabolic changes occur during cold acclimation, which suggests that the plant cold stress response is a complex, vital phenomenon that involves more than one pathway. The C-Repeat Binding Factor (CBF) pathway is the most important and well-studied cold regulatory pathway that imparts freezing tolerance to plants. The regulation of freezing tolerance involves the action of phytochromes, which play an important role in light-mediated signalling to activate cold-induced gene expression through the CBF pathway. Under normal temperature conditions, CBF expression is regulated by the circadian clock through the action of a central oscillator and also day length (photoperiod). The phytochrome and phytochrome
Everest Base Camp Trek Day 3: Acclimatization & Namche Bazaar
Everest Base Camp Trek Day 3: Acclimatization & Namche Bazaar/ Photographs and advice from a world travel expert discussing altitude sickness
The best acclimatization schedule for Everest base camp
The best acclimatization schedule for Everest base camp. You need to spend 3 nights in Namche Bazaar and give your body the chance to adjust the low oxygen.
NAOSITE : Nagasaki Universitys Academic Output SITE: Analysis of the Mechanisms of Heat Acclimatization : Comparison of Heat...
In order to clarify the mechanisms of heat acclimatization to tropical climates by permanent residence, changes in oral temperature due to heat load were compared in 10 male subjects in Chiang Mai, Thailand (tropical region) and 10 male subjects in Nagasaki, Japan (temperate region). Mean annual ambient temperature is 16.6℃ in Nagasaki and 25.9℃ in Chiang Mai. The experiments for the Thai subjects were performed in Chiang Mai and those for the Japanese subjects in Nagasaki during each regions hottest months. The constitutional characteristics of the Thai subjects were a little shorter and slightly leaner than the Japanese. After staying at rest in the experimental room at 32℃ and 35% of relative humidity for at least 30 min, the lower legs were immersed into a hot water bath of 43℃ for 30 min. Mean initial oral temperature was 37.06±0.07℃ in Japanese and 37.12±0.05℃ in Thai subjects (P,0.05). Oral temperature rose after heat load and reached to 37.54±0.06℃ and 37.59±0.06℃ in ...
Hosteria Tambopaxi Hotel Cotopaxi Volcano Ecuador Acclimatization Centre Center Cotopaxi National Park - Tambopaxi
Under the majesty of the Cotopaxi Volcano and surrounded by five other volcanoes of the Cordillera de los Andes, lies Hosteria Tambopaxi. This hotel in Cotopaxi, Ecuador is the only ecolodge and acclimatization center situated at an altitude of 3,750 meters above sea level, in the heart of the Cotopaxi National Park
ESKIMO1 is a key gene involved in water economy as well as cold acclimation and salt tolerance | BMC Plant Biology | Full Text
Drought is a major social and economic problem resulting in huge yield reduction in the field. Todays challenge is to develop plants with reduced water requirements and stable yields in fluctuating environmental conditions. Arabidopsis thaliana is an excellent model for identifying potential targets for plant breeding. Drought tolerance in the field was successfully conferred to crops by transferring genes from this model species. While involved in a plant genomics programme, which aims to identify new genes responsible for plant response to abiotic stress, we identified ESKIMO1 as a key gene involved in plant water economy as well as cold acclimation and salt tolerance. All esk1 mutants were more tolerant to freezing, after acclimation, than their wild type counterpart. esk1 mutants also showed increased tolerance to mild water deficit for all traits measured. The mutants improved tolerance to reduced water supply may be explained by its lower transpiration rate and better water use efficiency (WUE),
Asymbiotic seed germination, in vitro seedling development, and greenhouse acclimatization of the threatened terrestrial orchid...
Procedures for asymbiotic seed germination and seedling acclimatization were developed for Bletia purpurea, a threatened North America native terrestrial o
Acclimatization (Topic) - Rome Jervis Public Library
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Acclimatization (Topic) - Oshkosh Public Library
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Variation in freezing tolerance, water content and carbohydrate metabolism of floral buds during deacclimation of contrasting...
Read Variation in freezing tolerance, water content and carbohydrate metabolism of floral buds during deacclimation of contrasting blackcurrant cultivars, Acta Physiologiae Plantarum on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
09: Frost hardiness of coniferous seedlings: Principles and applications - Reforestation, Nurseries and Genetics Resources
The external factors that influence frost hardiness such as temperature, light, moisture and nutrients are examined as well as the internal biochemical changes that are associated with hardiness. Several types of freezing such as intra- and intercellular freezing are identified and its resulting injury. It is shown that frost hardiness occurs in two stages and that differential frost hardiness between various types of tissue is important, particularly when assessing injury. The various methods for testing frost hardiness are examined. Those that have practical application, and are used operationally such as the detailed browning test (whole seedling assessment) and electrical conductivity method are discussed in detail as are the semioperational electrical impedance methods. Methods that have operational potential, but require further development are identified, with particular emphasis on the differential thermal analysis (DTA) technique. The importance to the tree grower of frost hardiness and the
Arabidopsis HDA6 is required for freezing tolerance
Many plants exhibit altered gene expression patterns in response to low nonfreezing temperatures and an increase in freezing tolerance in a phenomenon known as cold acclimation. Here we show, for the first time, that the histone deacetylase gene HDA6 is required for cold acclimation and freezing tol …
JARS 49n4 - Exploring the Complexities of Plant Hardiness
The mechanisms described above - collectively referred to as acclimation - are triggered within the plant by environmental cues, of which the most important are seasonal changes in daylength and temperature. Differences among plant species range from the purely photoperiodic in which temperature plays almost no role to those that are purely temperature-controlled with no response to photoperiod (i.e., daylength). Most plants fall somewhere between these two extremes. In spring, once daylength extends beyond a certain point - known as critical daylength - deacclimation is initiated in photo-periodically sensitive species, active growth is triggered, and the plant will not become quiescent again until the shortened daylengths again trigger acclimation the following fall. Because the daylengths differ throughout the year at different distances from the equator, the cues that trigger spring growth (and winter acclimation as well) in a plant of Floridian provenance will be slightly different than ...
Of course, since the air pressure is much lower at higher altitudes, there is less of a potential driving oxygen to the tissues. The body uses many mechanisms to compensate for this decrease in potential, and those mechanisms are called acclimation. Among the important changes that are a part of high-altitude acclimation are increases in the total volume of air inspired (first stage of the oxygen cascade) and an increase in the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood (second stage of the oxygen cascade). If one goes to a high altitude faster than the body is able to adjust, then various symptoms set in. Everyone can expect to experience hyperventilation, tachycardia (speeding heart) and palpitations (feeling the heart beat), and troubles with sleeping and digestion. In about half of the people who go above 4240 m, more serious problems begin which signal the onset of acute mountain sickness. These include headache, insomnia, nausea, decreased urine, and incoordination. These symptoms can ...
Genetic analysis of the pnp-deaD genetic region reveals membrane lipoprotein NlpI as an independent participant in cold...
The cold acclimatization response in many bacterial species is a tightly regulated process, which ensures the correct folding of macromolecules. In enterobacteria, this response is in part dependent on polynucleotide phosphorylase, which is encoded by the gene pnp. Based on transcriptional analysis of the pnp locus of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, we show that pnp and the adjacent membrane lipoprotein nlpI gene form an operon with both genes contributing independently to the cold acclimatization response at 15 °C. Our findings thereby define a new role for NlpI in bacterial cold acclimatization.. ...
KAKEN - Research Projects | Mechanism of heat acclimation-induced improvement of salivary secretion in rats (KAKENHI-PROJECT...
Principal Investigator：SHIDO Osamu, Project Period (FY)：2011 - 2013, Research Category：Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Section：一般, Research Field：Environmental physiology (including Physical medicine and Nutritional physiology)
Photosynthetic acclimation (photoacclimation) is the process whereby leaves alter their morphology and/or biochemistry to optimise photosynthetic efficiency and productivity according to long-term changes in the light environment. Three-dimensional (3D) architecture of plant canopies impose complex light dynamics, but the drivers for photoacclimation in such fluctuating environments are poorly understood. A technique for high-resolution 3D reconstruction was combined with ray tracing to simulate a daily time course of radiation profiles for architecturally contrasting field-grown wheat canopies. An empirical model of photoacclimation was adapted to predict the optimal distribution of photosynthesis according to the fluctuating light patterns throughout the canopies. Whilst the photoacclimation model output showed good correlation with field-measured gas exchange data at the top of the canopy, it predicted a lower optimal light saturated rate of photosynthesis (Pmax) at the base. Leaf Rubisco and ...
Kona update, heat acclimation, female athletes are not men, and the dangers of taking NSAIDs during ironman - Kona ironman...
Hi Folks, well we are having a blast here in Kona. We are settling in well, training is strong, recovery even better, and we are now settled into the heat and humidity as the body has had time to adjust. It takes time to acclimate to high heat and humidity (also called acclimatization - I am going…
One-step production of C6-C8 carboxylates by mixed culture solely grown on CO | Biotechnology for Biofuels | Full Text
This study aimed at producing C6-C8 medium-chain carboxylates (MCCAs) directly from gaseous CO using mixed culture. The yield and C2-C8 product composition were investigated when CO was continuously fed with gradually increasing partial pressure. The maximal concentrations of n-caproate, n-heptylate, and n-caprylate were 1.892, 1.635, and 1.033 mmol L−1, which were achieved at the maximal production rates of 0.276, 0.442, and 0.112 mmol L−1 day−1, respectively. Microbial analysis revealed that long-term acclimation and high CO partial pressure were important to establish a CO-tolerant and CO-utilizing chain-elongating microbiome, rich in Acinetobacter, Alcaligenes, and Rhodobacteraceae and capable of forming MCCAs solely from CO. These results demonstrated that carboxylate and syngas platform could be integrated in a shared growth vessel, and could be a promising one-step technique to convert gaseous syngas to preferable liquid biochemicals, thereby avoiding the necessity to coordinate syngas
Based on the results that we have observed, it can be concluded, as hypothesized, that the expedition to Mount Denali results in a tighter coupling between the processes involved in ATP utilization and the processes involved in ATP synthesis. Moreover, the metabolic adaptations that were observed occurred in the absence of changes in mitochondrial potential. Evidence that a tighter coupling has occurred is indicated by the lower muscle IMP (used as a more sensitive indicator of changes in ATP) and higher PCr levels (observed during exercise following the expedition). Moreover, as in the earlier study (14), lower muscle lactates also were found, suggesting a possible reduction in glycolytic flux rate with acclimatization.. The similarity in findings between this study and an earlier study (14) is noteworthy given the different test conditions and altitude exposures. In the earlier study, acclimatization was examined following 3-wk residence at 4,300 m. The subjects were studied under carefully ...
Galiba, Gábor Ottó Dr. | MTA MGI
Novák A, Boldizsár Á, Ádám É, Kozma-Bognár L, Majláth I, Båga M, Tóth B, Chibbar R, Galiba G (2016) Light-quality and temperature dependent CBF14 gene expression modulates freezing tolerance in cereals. J. Exp. Bot. 67:1285-1295. doi: 10.1093/jxb/erv526. Gulyás Zs, Boldizsár A, Novák A, Szalai G, Pál M, Galiba G, Kocsy G (2014) Central role of the flowering repressor ZCCT2 in the redox control of freezing tolerance and the initial development of flower primordia in wheat. BMC Plant Biol. 14:91. doi: 10.1186/1471-2229-14-91. Kocsy G,Tari I, Vanková R, Zechmann B, Gulyás Zs, Poór P, Galiba G (2013) Redox control of plant growth and development. Plant Sci. 211:77- 91. doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2013.07.004. Soltész A, Smedley M, Vashegyi I, Galiba G, Harwood W, Vágújfalvi A (2013) Transgenic barley lines prove the involvement of TaCBF14 and TaCBF15 in the cold acclimation process and in frost tolerance. J. Exp. Bot. 64:1849-1862. doi:10.1093/jxb/ert050. Galiba G, Vágújfalvi A, Li ...
Smoking is associated with the incidence of AMS: a large-sample cohort study | Military Medical Research | Full Text
We found that the incidence of AMS of the smoking group decreased by 10% compared with that of the nonsmoking group. This result contrasts with previous studies on AMS risk factors in tourists and climbers [1-3] but confirms a tendency noted in another prospective cohort study (crude OR 0.66, 95% CI 0.41-1.07, P = 0.09) . Our results are consistent with the results of Wu et al., who reported an 11% decrease in the incidence of AMS in smokers compared with nonsmokers. Hultgren  believes that smoking may increase the incidence of AMS and is not conducive to high altitude acclimatization because a larger amount of CO hemoglobin in smokers blood will increase the likelihood of hypoxia. Although the incidence of AMS in the smoking population was lower than that in the nonsmoking population, the incidences of mental status changes and cough in smokers at high altitude were 4% and 7% higher than nonsmokers under the same conditions.. Our results showed slower cerebral blood flow velocities in ...
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Carlos Monge. Acclimatization in the Andes
It is the author's thesis that life at high altitudes deserves a new biology concerned with beings adapted to reduced atmospheric oxygen tension. This field of biology illustrates the principle that the reactions of living organisms are related to the duration as well as to the intensity of imposed stresses. There is every extreme in response ranging from the vomiting newcomer to the hard-working, healthy resident. The research conducted by the author and his associates has been in two directions. He has looked back to the history of the inhabitants of the uplands of the Andes. This region, lying above 10,000 feet altitude, has been the home of millions of people for hundreds of years.
The protein encoded by this gene is the beta subunit of a heterodimeric core-binding transcription factor belonging to the PEBP2/CBF transcription factor family which master-regulates a host of genes specific to hematopoiesis (e.g., RUNX1) and osteogenesis (e.g., RUNX2). The beta subunit is a non-DNA binding regulatory subunit; it allosterically enhances DNA binding by alpha subunit as the complex binds to the core site of various enhancers and promoters, including murine leukemia virus, polyomavirus enhancer, T-cell receptor enhancers and GM-CSF promoters. Alternative splicing generates two mRNA variants, each encoding a distinct carboxyl terminus. In some cases, a pericentric inversion of chromosome 16 [inv(16)(p13q22)] produces a chimeric transcript consisting of the N terminus of core-binding factor beta in a fusion with the C-terminal portion of the smooth muscle myosin heavy chain 11. This chromosomal rearrangement is associated with acute myeloid leukemia of the M4Eo subtype. Two ...
The entrance of every single batch of gilts has to pursue two objectives: on the one hand the performance of good quarantine protocols is needed to ensure that newly arrived gilts will not introduce new heterologous strains of PRRS in swine. On the other hand performance of good acclimatisation protocols prior to service is fundamental to ensure that gilts are well immunised and are not shedding PRRS virus. Monitoring the whole process is essential in order to achieve these objectives.. Focusing on the acclimatisation process, there are two different and widely used strategies to protect against PRRS in swine. On the one hand, we can use modified live virus PRRS vaccines. The vaccination protocol is usually two doses before the first insemination, separated by 3 or 4 weeks, although some vaccines have demonstrated efficacy with a single dose prior to mating. The objective of vaccines is to induce protection against the farms strain and also against any strains that may enter into the farm. On ...
Rest and acclimatization day in Namche Bazaar. Pictures of Namche Bazaar.
Namche Bazaar is the capital of the Khumbu ( Everest ) region in Nepal, in the middle of the Himalaya. The town has no roads and is a frequent stop for trekkers going to Everest. It is the ideal place to acclimatize for the altitude, before trekking higher.
BioSolarRoof - First Biosolar-Roof in Sion - part of the ACCLIMATIZATION PROGRAMME
Private villa with Thermal Solar Panels on the flat roof (source: N.Baumann). The Canton of Valais is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland, situated in the southwestern part of the country, around the valley of the Rhône from its headwaters to Lake Geneva, separating the Pennine Alps from the Bernese Alps. The canton is simultaneously one of the driest regions of Switzerland in its central Rhône valley and among the wettest, having large amounts of snow and rain up on the highest peaks found in Switzerland.. Designing the Biosolar roof -selecting Substrates. The first challenge was to locate a good local substrate -because of the extreme climate in the region. At the final mixture consisted of sub soil (soil excavated from the site). This subsoil also consists of small pieces of slate like rock. To this was added a mixture of gravel/crushed bricks.. ...
Little Shag Notice 1955 (SR 1955/181) (as at 16 August 2012) - New Zealand Legislation
This note is not part of the notice, but is intended to indicate its general effect.]. This notice provides for the issue by the Acclimatization Society or by the Secretary for Internal Affairs of authorities for the taking of little shags on certain trout waters in the Auckland, Tauranga, and Rotorua Acclimatization Districts where the taking of little shags is considered necessary for the adequate conservation of trout stocks in those waters, and sets out the conditions on which those authorities may be issued. ...
THE DANGER OF INDISCRIMINATE ACCLIMATIZATION IN THE CASE OF MAMMALS AND BIRDS | Science
Thank you for your interest in spreading the word about Science.. NOTE: We only request your email address so that the person you are recommending the page to knows that you wanted them to see it, and that it is not junk mail. We do not capture any email address.. ...
striped panchax male and female
Another thing that you should note is that Golden Wonder Killifish are extremely sensitive to water conditions, so you should put them through an acclimation process, and you should not rush the process. Lagos Red Killifish Male aquarium fish Killi Aphyosemion bitaeniatum. This fish is adapted to live in brackish water. The basic colours of this fish are blue and red. The good thing is that most water in the US seems moderate, so you might not need to adjust the hardness or the pH of the water. I really enjoy the aquarium hobby and love sharing my experience with others. The body of the male is well marked with rows of red spots which extend into the dorsal, caudal and anal fins. The body is bronze in color with some golden sparkly scales, and the back half is accented with dark vertical stripes. What kind of behavior does the Aplocheilus lineatus have? These fish have greenish flanks, bronze back, and scales that have a metallic gold appearance. 1 Male and 1 Female. Panchax grows in the upper ...
Most recent papers with the keyword middle | Read by QxMD
Recent research has shown that nitric oxide (NO) produced by nitric oxide synthases (Nos) is an inhibitor of ion transporter activity and a modulator of epithelial ion transport in fish but little is known on changes in the Nos/NO system during osmotic stress. We hypothesized that the Nos/NO system responds to salinity changes as an integrated part of the acclimation process. Expression and localization of nos1/Nos1 and nos2/Nos2 were investigated in gill, kidney and intestine of FW- and SW-transferred trout using qPCR, Western blotting and immunohistochemistry, along with expressional changes of major ion transporters in the gill ...
STRESS CONDITIONING TO HYPERCAPNIC SEAWATER IN THE PACIFIC GEODUCK PAN by Samuel J. Gurr
Expansion and enhancement of sustainable shellfish production is necessary to prevent overexploitation of wild stock and satisfy international trade, but hatchery rearing poses a critical production bottleneck due partially to environmental stressors such as ocean acidification. Given that stress conditions exacerbated by anthropogenic activity are projected to intensify in the near-future, long-lived molluscs, such as Pacific geoduck Panopea generosa (known lifespan up to 168 years), may rely on intragenerational acclimation to buffer against rapid environmental change. While acute stressors can be detrimental, environmental stress conditioning can improve performance. For example, moderate oxidative stress (i.e. temperature, irradiance, and dietary restriction) shows evidence of dose-dependent benefits for many taxa, however stress acclimation remains understudied in marine invertebrates, despite being threatened by climate change stressors. To test the hypothesis that physiological status is altered
The induction and decay of heat acclimatisation in trained athletes. - PubMed - NCBI
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Jupiter HealthHeat Acclimation: Performing When The Heat Is On » Jupiter Health
With Gold Coast 50 Kurrawa to Duranbah & Back just around the corner it is a good time to discuss heat acclimation, debunks some myths and touch on some strategies you can use to perform better in summer.. Gold Coast 50 is certainly one of our favourite events each year. Really well run and with 50km, 30km, 15km, 5km and 2 x 25km Relay options there really is something for everyone.. ...
Changes in brain glycolipid content in rats with different tolerance to hypoxia at acclimation to low temperatures
Abstract: Acclimation of rats to cooling (+3 C for 30 days) is accompanied by changes in the content of gangliozides, cerebrozides and sulfatides of brain during 6 hours, returned to the control level in next periods of acclimation. Changes in the content of sulfatides, and in smaller degree of cerebrozides and gangliozides depend from hypoxic stability of rats ...
Library of Congress Classification:Class S -- Agriculture
Grazing 87............................................Acclimatization 89............................................ ...
Muza, SR; Fulco, CS; Cymerman, A (2004). "Altitude Acclimatization Guide". U.S. Army Research Inst. Of Environmental Medicine ... However, above 8,000 metres (26,000 ft), (in the "death zone"), altitude acclimatization becomes impossible. There is a ... Athletes also can take advantage of altitude acclimatization to increase their performance. The same changes that help the body ...
... acclimatization and physical conditioning of each individual. At this altitude, few people feel comfortable and many start to ... "Altitude Acclimatization Guide.". US Army Research Inst. of Environmental Medicine Thermal and Mountain Medicine Division ...
Altitude sickness will affect most climbers to some extent, depending on the degree of acclimatization. Although the normal ... Muza, SR; Fulco, CS; Cymerman, A (2004). "Altitude Acclimatization Guide". US Army Research Inst. Of Environmental Medicine ...
Effects of high altitude on humans
Any positive acclimatization effects may be negated by a de-training effect as the athletes are usually not able to exercise ... The human body can adapt to high altitude through both immediate and long-term acclimatization. At high altitude, in the short ... Athletes can also take advantage of altitude acclimatization to increase their performance. The same changes that help the body ... Levine, BD; Stray-Gundersen, J (July 1997). ""Living high-training low": effect of moderate-altitude acclimatization with low- ...
But acclimatization requires days or even weeks. Failure to acclimatize may result in altitude sickness, including high ... When PO2 drops, the body responds with altitude acclimatization. Additional red blood cells are manufactured; the heart beats ... Muza, SR; Fulco, CS; Cymerman, A (2004). "Altitude Acclimatization Guide". US Army Research Inst. Of Environmental Medicine ... Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) "Outdoor Action Guide to High Altitude: Acclimatization and Illnesses". Outdoor Action ...
Muza, SR; Fulco, CS; Cymerman, A (2004). "Altitude Acclimatization Guide". US Army Research Inst. Of Environmental Medicine ... part of the acclimatization process which in turn helps to relieve symptoms. Acetazolamide is still effective if started early ...
Muza, SR; Fulco, CS; Cymerman, A (2004). "Altitude Acclimatization Guide". US Army Research Inst. Of Environmental Medicine ...
Wilderness medical emergency
Muza, SR; Fulco, CS; Cymerman, A (2004). "Altitude Acclimatization Guide.". US Army Research Inst. of Environmental Medicine ...
This technique is also helpful for acclimatization. While it is the original style in which high mountains were climbed, ... Muza, SR; Fulco, CS; Cymerman, A (2004). "Altitude Acclimatization Guide". US Army Research Inst. Of Environmental Medicine ... because of the speed of the ascent relative to an expedition-style climb there is less time for acclimatization For the highest ... almost always with a carefully planned program of acclimatisation. There are two main styles of mountaineering ...
Sudan National Botanical Garden
Reproduction unit - acclimatization. Genetic Resources Conservation Unit. Classification unit An exchange unit with ...
Levine, BD; Stray-Gunderson, J (2001). The effects of altitude training are mediated primarily by acclimatization rather than ... Muza, SR; Fulco, CS; Cymerman, A (2004). "Altitude Acclimatization Guide". US Army Research Inst. Of Environmental Medicine ...
"AMERICAN ACCLIMATIZATION SOCIETY." The New York Times, Nov. 15, 1877, p. 2. "Invasive Species: European Starling" National ... Schieffelin belonged to the American Acclimatization Society, a group that aimed to help exchange plants and animals from one ... In the 19th century, such acclimatization societies were fashionable and supported by the scientific knowledge and beliefs of ... Ritvo, Harriet (2012). "Going Forth and Multiplying: Animal Acclimatization and Invasion". Environmental History. 17: 2012. doi ...
Parties will typically spend two nights in Dingboche for acclimatization purposes. The village relies heavily on tourists with ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Muza, SR; Fulco, CS; Cymerman, A (2004). "Altitude Acclimatization Guide.". US Army ...
For high-altitude climbers, a typical acclimatization regimen might be to stay a few days at a base camp, climb up to a higher ... Altitude acclimatization is necessary for some people who move rapidly from lower altitudes to intermediate altitudes (e.g., by ... Pre-acclimatization is when the body develops tolerance to low oxygen concentrations before ascending to an altitude. It ... Altitude acclimatization is the process of adjusting to decreasing oxygen levels at higher elevations, in order to avoid ...
From Lukla, travellers will take two days to reach the village Namche Bazaar, an altitude acclimatization stop for those ... Namche Bazaar Muza, SR; Fulco, CS; Cymerman, A (2004). "Altitude Acclimatization Guide". US Army Research Inst. of ...
Acclimatization is required, and even experienced and physically fit trekkers may suffer some degree of altitude sickness. A ... Muza, SR; Fulco, CS; Cymerman, A (2004). "Altitude Acclimatization Guide". US Army Research Inst. Of Environmental Medicine ...
Climbers then hike to Base Camp, which usually takes six to eight days, allowing for proper altitude acclimatisation in order ... A sea-level dweller exposed to the atmospheric conditions at the altitude above 8,500 m (27,900 ft) without acclimatisation ... Achieving even this level of performance requires prolonged altitude acclimatisation, which takes 40-60 days for a typical ... Muza, SR; Fulco, CS; Cymerman, A (2004). "Altitude Acclimatization Guide". US Army Research Inst. Of Environmental Medicine ...
Occupational heat stress
Physiologically, acclimatization to heat will allow a worker's body to more efficiently cool itself when exposed to high ... Acclimatization can occur over different time periods for different people, but NIOSH recommends allowing workers to be exposed ... "Heat Stress Acclimatization , NIOSH , CDC". www.cdc.gov. 2020-02-20. Retrieved 2020-11-03. "Criteria for a recommended standard ... On the first day of an acclimatization process, workers without previous heat exposure should be asked to complete, at most, 20 ...
"An experiment in acclimatization". New Scientist. 1962-11-29. "Edholm Point". Geographic Names Information System. United ...
Elbrus climbing routes
Acclimatization walk from hotel. Ascend cable car system to Garabashi Huts or Leaprus hut . Possible acclimatisation walk to ... Acclimatisation walk to Pastukhova Rocks. Possible attempt on summit if very well acclimatised on arrival. Attempt on Elbrus. ...
2007 Indian Army Everest Expedition
Week-long acclimatization starts. 17 April 2007. The advanced base camp( ABC) at 21,000 feet, established. Next stage of ... acclimatization starts . Preparation start for setting up camp 1. 21-28 April 2007. Establish Camp 1, 23,000 feet. 28 April ...
Institutes of Agriculture of Bydgoszcz
Plant Breeding and Acclimatization; Zootechnics; Land development; Animal physiology and Nutrition Sciences; Potato research; ... Seat of the Institute of Plant Breeding and Acclimatization, (Polish: Instytut Hodowli i Aklimatyzacji Roślin, IHAR), at 10 ... Bydgoszcz branch of the Institute of Plant Breeding and Acclimatization (Polish: Instytut Hodowli i Aklimatyzacji Roślin (IHAR ...
Acclimatization is the foremost issue at this height. Altitude sickness can occur at this height due to lack of oxygen. The ... "Ladakh Marathon - Acclimatization Issues". Ladakh Marathon. Archived from the original on 17 September 2015. Retrieved 22 ...
Sudhir Kumar Walia
When asked about his attack on Zulu Top without acclimatization, Maj Sudhir said: "Sir, you know that I'm a pahari (from the ... mountains). I don't need acclimatization." After the Kargil War ended, his team was assigned the duty of fighting terrorism in ...
"Acclimatisation Society". The New Zealand Herald. 1878-11-05. p. 3. Retrieved 2017-10-22. "Acclimatisation Society". Auckland ... "Acclimatisation Society. Annual Meeting". Daily Southern Cross. 1870-03-10. p. 4. Retrieved 2017-10-22. "Acclimatisation ... "Acclimatisation Society". The New Zealand Herald. 1872. p. 3. Retrieved 2017-10-22. Tony M. Dugdale, Paul D. Champion, Sarah M ... "ACCLIMATISATION. (New Zealand Herald, 1889-04-25)". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz National Library of New Zealand. Retrieved 2017- ...
Azov-Syvash National Nature Park
Acclimatization work began in 1928. The maximum number of red deer (830 heads) was observed here in 1992, fallow deer (1425 ...
Larry F. Grand
Effects on acclimatization and growth. HortScience. 36(2):357-359. Starrett, M.C., F.A. Blazick, S.R. Shafer and L.F. Grand. ...
Among his research works, Edouard Wyss-Dunant coined the term "Death Zone" in an article about acclimatisation published in the ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Wyss-Dunant, Edouard (1953). "Acclimatisation" (PDF). The Mountain World: 110-117. ...
Cold and heat adaptations in humans
There has been a great deal of research done on developmental adjustment, acclimatization, and cultural practices, but less ... "Acclimatization to cold in humans" (PDF). ntrs.nasa.gov/. United States. Retrieved 2016-12-15. Daanen, H. A.; Lichtenbelt, W. D ...
Acclimatization - Wikipedia
Acclimatization occurs in a short period of time (hours to weeks), and within the organisms lifetime (compared to adaptation, ... Acclimatisation (also called acclimation or acclimatation) is the process in which an individual organism adjusts to a change ... Acclimatization to high altitude continues for months or even years after initial ascent, and ultimately enables humans to ... Note: acclimation and acclimatization are two very different terms that are not interchangeable. Acclimation is used under ...
acclimatization | ScienceBlogs
Heat Stress Acclimatization | NIOSH | CDC
Acclimatization is the beneficial physiological adaptations that occur during repeated exposure to a hot environment. ... Maintaining acclimatization. Workers can maintain their acclimatization even if they are away from the job for a few days, such ... Acclimatization schedule. *For new workers, the schedule should be no more than a 20% exposure on day 1 and an increase of no ... Some additional information on maintaining acclimatization:. *It can often be regained in 2 to 3 days upon returning to a hot ...
Acclimatization | biology | Britannica.com
Acclimatization,, any of the numerous gradual, long-term responses of an organism to changes in its environment. Such responses ... For example, in acclimatization to the low pressure of oxygen (hypoxia) in high mountains, animals, including man, improve the ... Thus acclimatization does not invariably mean that a plant or animal is adapted to function at its maximum rate. In the hot ... More About Acclimatization. 3 references found in Britannica articles. Assorted References. *atmospheric pressure* In biosphere ...
Acclimatization - Oxford Reference
Thermoelectric acclimatization - Wikipedia
Thermoelectric acclimatization depends on the possibility of a Peltier Cell of absorbing heat on one side and rejecting heat on ... By changing the configuration it allows both winter and summer acclimatization. These elements are expected to be an effective ... It must be remarked that this acclimatization method ensures the ideal efficiency during summer cooling if coupled with a ... Thermoelectric Heat pumps can be easily used for both local acclimatization for removing local discomfort situations. For ...
Acclimatization to Hot Environments | The BMJ
Altitude acclimatization - definition of altitude acclimatization by The Free Dictionary
altitude acclimatization synonyms, altitude acclimatization pronunciation, altitude acclimatization translation, English ... dictionary definition of altitude acclimatization. A slow physiological adaptation resulting from prolonged exposure to ... altitude acclimatization. Also found in: Encyclopedia. altitude acclimatization. A slow physiological adaptation resulting from ... Some studies suggested that altitude acclimatization is the best strategy for prevention of AMS, and pre-acclimatization before ...
heat acclimatization guidelines | MomsTeam
Home » heat acclimatization guidelines. heat acclimatization guidelines. SmartTeams Talk: Enacting Pro-Active Policies To ... Georgia Heat Acclimatization Guidelines. In 2012 Georgia became the sixth state to adopt heat-acclimatization guidelines to ... Preseason Heat-Acclimatization Guidelines for Secondary School Athletics (Handout). Pre-season heat acclimatization guidelines ... Pre-Season Heat-Acclimatization Guidelines In 2009, the National Athletic Trainers Association (NATA) issued a set of high ...
Georgia Heat Acclimatization Guidelines | MomsTeam
Georgia has become the fifth state to adopt heat-acclimatization guidelines to reduce the risk of exertional heat stroke among ... Pre-Season Heat-Acclimatization Guidelines *Pre-Season Heat Safety Guidelines for High School Sports: States Have Been Slow To ... In addition there were no guidelines dictating these items as they relate to acclimatization or heat stress. We wanted to ... In 2012, Georgia became the sixth state to adopt pre-season heat-acclimatization guidelines to reduce the risk of exertional ...
Altitude acclimatization, training and performance.
In an attempt to maintain aerobic metabolism during increased effort, a series of acclimatization responses occur. Amon ... Acclimatization / physiology*. Altitude*. Humans. Physical Education and Training*. From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U. ... Acclimatization has also been shown to induce alteration in selected properties of the muscle cell, some of which may be ... In an attempt to maintain aerobic metabolism during increased effort, a series of acclimatization responses occur. Among the ...
acclimatization - FasterSkier.com
IHSA Board Approves New Preseason Football Acclimatization Policy
Key items in the Policy include daily and weekly practice time limits for players during the acclimatization period, as well as ... "The day-to-day acclimatization schedule schools will be mandated to use when the season starts in August should also be used ... During their call, the IHSA Board of Directors stressed their desire to see schools implement the Policy 13 acclimatization ... Journal of Athletic Training: Preseason Heat-Acclimatization Guidelines for Secondary School Athletics ...
UKC Forums - Bernese Oberland acclimatisation
Acclimatization Mechanisms During Ascent to 7500m - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Acclimatization Mechanisms During Ascent to 7500m. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of ... Acclimatization improves submaximal exercise economy at 5533 m. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2013 Aug;23(4):458-67. doi: 10.1111/j. ... Acclimatization Mechanisms During Ascent to 7500m. Effects of Ascent Protocol on Acute Mountain Sickness and Cardiorespiratory ... Nocturnal periodic breathing during acclimatization at very high altitude at Mount Muztagh Ata (7,546 m). Am J Respir Crit Care ...
Acclimatization - Biodiversity Heritage Library
Subjects: Acclimatisation Society of Victoria Acclimatization Acclimatization (Plants) Animal introduction Periodicals Plant ... Subjects: Acclimatization Periodicals Victoria Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria Zoology. BHL Collections: BHL ... Subjects: Acclimatization Acclimatization (Plants) Animal introduction Australia Plant introduction. BHL Collections: BHL ... The annual report of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, and report of the annual meeting of the Society. ...
CiNii Articles - Influences of hypothermia on cochlear acclimatization phenomenon.
Mining sand residue in banana plantlet acclimatization
NOMURA, Edson Shigueaki et al. Mining sand residue in banana plantlet acclimatization. Rev. Ceres (Impr.) [online]. 2011, vol. ... chemical and biological characteristics for the acclimatization of banana plantlets produced by micropropagation. This study ... of mining sand residue can be recommended for the acclimatization of banana Grand Naine plantlets. ...
NOTEBOOK: PIAA adopts three-day heat acclimatization program - Sports - The Times-Tribune
Contact, however, is not permitted during the first two days of heat acclimatization, but can take place on the third day. ... Each head football coach must come up with a heat acclimatization proposal and submit it to the school principal for approval. ... No practice session during the heat acclimatization process can last more than three hours. That practice must be followed by a ... It would require all member schools to either complete the three-day heat acclimatization process the week prior to the ...
PIAA football teams begin heat acclimatization practices Monday - Sports - GoErie.com - Erie, PA
... practices.The PIAA put in a policy five years ago that all players must go through five days of heat acclimatization to get ... High school football teams around Pennsylvania will begin the season Monday with heat acclimatization ... PIAA football teams begin heat acclimatization practices Monday. Times-News staff Sunday. Aug 5, 2018 at 6:11 PM Aug 5, 2018 at ... The PIAA put in a policy five years ago that all players must go through five days of heat acclimatization to get used to the ...
Erythrocytes retain hypoxic adenosine response for faster acclimatization upon re-ascent. - PubMed - NCBI
Erythrocytes retain hypoxic adenosine response for faster acclimatization upon re-ascent.. Song A1, Zhang Y1, Han L1, Yegutkin ... Faster acclimatization to high altitude upon re-ascent is seen in humans; however, the molecular basis for this enhanced ... a) Experimental illustration for acclimatization hypoxic adenosine response. (b) Erythrocyte life span was indicated by biotin ... Elevated circulating purinergic components are associated with acclimatization and subsequent hypoxic adenosine response upon ...
The induction and decay of heat acclimatisation in trained athletes. - PubMed - NCBI
Once acclimatisation has been achieved, inactivity results in a decay of favourable adaptations, after only a few days or weeks ... Heat acclimatisation/acclimation involves a complex of adaptations which includes decreased heart rate, rectal temperature, ... The induction and decay of heat acclimatisation in trained athletes.. Armstrong LE1, Maresh CM. ... In attempting to optimise heat acclimatisation, athletes should maintain fluid-electrolyte balance, exercise at intensities ...
Decreased exercise muscle lactate release after high altitude acclimatization.
Blood lactate concentration during exercise decreases after acclimatization to high altitude, but it is not clear whether there ... Acclimatization / physiology*. Adult. Altitude*. Anoxia / metabolism. Exercise / physiology*. Femoral Artery. Humans. Iliac ... While breathing O2-enriched air after acclimatization at a given O2 consumption the venous and arterial lactate concentrations ... Blood lactate concentration during exercise decreases after acclimatization to high altitude, but it is not clear whether there ...
Acclimatization. • Arctic Health
Acclimatization समानार्थी | कोलिन्स अमेरिकी पर्यायकोश
Reduced calcification and lack of acclimatization by coral colonies growing in areas of persistent natural acidification | PNAS
Acclimatization, or the potential for an organism to adjust to changes in an environment via physical modifications, is ... Reduced calcification and lack of acclimatization by coral colonies growing in areas of persistent natural acidification. ... Reduced calcification and lack of acclimatization by coral colonies growing in areas of persistent natural acidification ...
Metabolic Acclimatization to Tropical Heat | The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Just what does acclimatization, through the weeks and months of exposure, mean in terms of mental and physiologic processes? It ... Complete acclimatization to tropical heat has two quite distinct physiologic aspects. One of these is called into play during ... Just what does acclimatization, through the weeks and months of exposure, mean in terms of mental and physiologic processes? It ... Complete acclimatization to tropical heat has two quite distinct physiologic aspects. One of these is called into play during ...
Portobello Marine Laboratory - Acclimatisation - Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand
PhysiologyHypoxiaPhysiologicalAdaptationPlantletsAdaptationsAcuteFluid-electrolyteOxygenAltitude acclimatizationInduceExposureAcclimationSalmon2021HikeVitroZoologyPeaksReversibleRelationBacterialRetentionProcess known as acclimatizationFaster acclimatizationHeat acclimatization programContentAthletesEnvironmentsOrganismSocietiesPIAAAdjustmentPreseasonIssued pre-seasonLack of acclimatizationOccursAthletePlantsBirdsClimateResponsesDiamoxLowlandersProper acclimatizationSeasonal acclimatizationCoralsDecreasesDaysMechanismsOccurIllnessesEfficiencyMountaineersSubjects
- Experienced high altitude mountaineers are familiar with their unique physiology and the rate at which they can advance up a mountain safely using the acclimatization process. (s2kilimanjaro.com)
- It takes many climbers years of experience to understand their physiology and acclimatization schedule. (s2kilimanjaro.com)
- Reduced eENT1 resulting from initial hypoxia is maintained upon re-ascent in humans or re-exposure to hypoxia in mice and accounts for erythrocyte hypoxic memory and faster acclimatization. (nih.gov)
- During hypoxia, at a given O2 consumption the venous and arterial lactate concentrations, the venous and arterial concentration differences, and the net lactate release were lower after acclimatization than during acute altitude exposure. (biomedsearch.com)
- We conclude that the lower lactate concentration in venous and arterial blood during exercise after altitude acclimatization reflected less net release of lactate by the exercising muscles, and that this likely resulted from the acclimatization process itself rather than the hypoxia per se. (biomedsearch.com)
- In spite of dozens of studies over the last 100 years, the basic mechanisms controlling acclimatization to hypoxia remain largely unknown. (nih.gov)
- Exposure to chronic sustained hypoxia (SH), as experienced in high altitudes, elicits an increase in ventilation, named ventilatory acclimatization to hypoxia (VAH). (readbyqxmd.com)
- An insufficient supply of oxygen to the tissues (hypoxia), as is experienced upon high-altitude exposure, elicits physiological acclimatization mechanisms alongside metabolic remodeling. (readbyqxmd.com)
- Very mild exposure to hypoxia for 8 h can induce ventilatory acclimatization in humans. (ox.ac.uk)
- Ventilatory acclimatization to altitude is associated with a progressive increase in ventilation, a progressive decrease in end-tidal PCO2 and a progressive increase in the acute ventilatory sensitivity to hypoxia. (ox.ac.uk)
- Ventilatory acclimatization has been observed with mild exposure to hypoxia when the duration of exposure has been of some length (e.g. days), and with shorter duration exposures (e.g. 8 h) when the degree of hypoxia has been more severe. (ox.ac.uk)
- The purpose of this study was to determine whether short-duration exposures to very mild hypoxia, such as are commonly associated with the reduction in cabin pressure during commercial airline flight, can also induce some degree of ventilatory acclimatization. (ox.ac.uk)
- We conclude that shortterm exposures to very mild hypoxia do induce significant acclimatization within the respiratory control system. (ox.ac.uk)
- Acclimatization is the beneficial physiological adaptations that occur during repeated exposure to a hot environment. (cdc.gov)
- Dhawan, V., Bhojwani, S.S.: Hardening in vitro and morpho-physiological changes in the leaves during acclimatization of micropropagated plants of Leucaena leucocephala (Lam. (springer.com)
- By contrast, heat acclimatization, defined as the physiological and perceptual adaptations conferred by frequent elevations of core temperature, is a mitigation strategy that can be developed and maintained in the home environment in readiness for deployment. (frontiersin.org)
- A recent report from hot and humid field conditions (mean 34°C, 48% relative humidity) highlighted the value of heat acclimatization in a simulated disaster setting by comparing physiological variables of heat acclimatized (HA) and non-heat acclimatized (NHA) responders. (frontiersin.org)
- This seemingly counterintuitive outcome is in contrast to laboratory-based fixed workload research that results in less physiological perturbation following completion of a structured heat acclimatization program ( 8 ). (frontiersin.org)
- Heat acclimatization (or acclimation) confers biological adaptations that reduce physiological strain (e.g., heart rate and body temperature), improve comfort, improve exercise capacity and reduce the risks of serious heat illness during exposure to heat stress. (gssiweb.org)
- The physiological strain induced by the same exercise-heat stress decreases each day of acclimatization. (gssiweb.org)
- Taken together, these findings reveal new information about retention of acclimatization, and can be used as a physiological foundation to explore the molecular mechanisms of acclimatization and its retention. (nih.gov)
- It also mimics the physiological changes associated with acclimatization. (healthline.com)
- Acclimatization occurs in a short period of time (hours to weeks), and within the organism's lifetime (compared to adaptation, which is a development that takes place over many generations). (wikipedia.org)
- The adaptation of populations to change that effects evolution by the selection of genetic capability is a different process from the acclimatization of an individual. (britannica.com)
- Although acclimatization refers basically to adaptation to climate, the term can also be used to describe the adjustments that a person makes to urban, social, or political conditions or the adaptation of a population of plants to conditions of cultivation or of an animal to the unnatural conditions of captivity. (britannica.com)
- Acclimatization occurs in a short period of time (hours to weeks), and within the organism's lifetime (compared to adaptation, which is evolution, taking place over many generations). (wikipedia.org)
- Acclimatization, or the potential for an organism to adjust to changes in an environment via physical modifications, is distinguished from adaptation, or permanent evolutionary modifications made by an organism in response to repeated stressors. (pnas.org)
- To date, slow-response mechanisms such as genetic adaptation have been considered the major determinant of coral reef persistence, with little consideration of rapid-response acclimatization mechanisms. (biologists.org)
- Acclimatization is an immediate time scale adaptation expressing phenotypic plasticity in response to changes of habitat conditions and life style where several variables may change simultaneously. (mitoeagle.org)
- Many features of acclimatization and adaptation are similar, but there are some differences. (encyclopedia.com)
- Marathi Meaning: जूळवून घेण्याची प्रक्रिया किंवा त्याचा परिणाम, अनुकूलन the play is an adaptation of a short novel / The act or process of adapting, or fitting / … Heat acclimatization elicits adaptations that regulate dehydration and hypovolaemia. (momcircle.com)
- To reach fast development, quality and sanity of banana plants, it is necessary the use of adequate substrate with physical, chemical and biological characteristics for the acclimatization of banana plantlets produced by micropropagation. (scielo.br)
- All growth data were significant, indicating that mixtures with a maximum proportion of 75 % of mining sand residue can be recommended for the acclimatization of banana 'Grand Naine' plantlets. (scielo.br)
- After ex vitro transfer, these plantlets might easily be impaired by sudden changes in environmental conditions, and so need a period of acclimatization to correct the abnormalities. (springer.com)
- This review is focused upon contemporary information on the changes in leaf structure, water relations and photosynthesis during acclimatization of plantlets to ex vitro conditions. (springer.com)
- The addition of 5.0 µM of NAA to the basal medium increased the percentage of in vitro rooting and the percentage of survival during acclimatization of canjerana plantlets. (academicjournals.org)
- Plants of four chrysanthemum cultivars propagated in vitro were tested in terms of survival and plantlets quality after acclimatization under fluorescent lamps (FLs) and light-emitting diodes (LEDs). (media.pl)
- Plantlets quality after acclimatization under LEDs or FLs differed in particular cultivars. (media.pl)
- Heat acclimatisation/acclimation involves a complex of adaptations which includes decreased heart rate, rectal temperature, perceived exertion as well as increased plasma volume and sweat rate. (nih.gov)
- Hormonal adaptations (e.g. aldosterone, vasopressin) during heat acclimatisation encourage fluid-electrolyte retention and cardiovascular stability. (nih.gov)
- Once acclimatisation has been achieved, inactivity results in a decay of favourable adaptations, after only a few days or weeks. (nih.gov)
- The magnitude of biological adaptations induced by heat acclimatization depends largely on the intensity, duration, frequency and number of heat exposures (Périard et al. (gssiweb.org)
- Our approach was to characterize acclimatization by measuring changes in arterial oxygenation and hemoglobin concentration [Hb], acute mountain sickness (AMS), cognitive function, and exercise performance in 21 subjects as they acclimatized to 5260 m over 16 days. (nih.gov)
- In attempting to optimise heat acclimatisation, athletes should maintain fluid-electrolyte balance, exercise at intensities greater than 50% VO2max for 10 to 14 days, and avoid factors (e.g. sleep loss, infectious disease) which are known to reduce heat tolerance. (nih.gov)
- For those lacking altitude acclimatization , oxygen is always available. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Given time, the body can adapt to the decrease in oxygen concentration at a specific altitude, process known as acclimatization. (drugster.info)
- A normal person who is acutely exposed to the barometric pressure of the summit of Mt. Everest in a low-pressure chamber will lose consciousness within 2 or 3 minutes, but with the advantages of acclimatization, many climbers have now reached the summit without supplementary oxygen. (encyclopedia.com)
- Effect of increased blood flow on pulmonary circulation before and during high altitude acclimatization ," High Altitude Medicine & Biology, vol. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Some studies suggested that altitude acclimatization is the best strategy for prevention of AMS, and pre-acclimatization before training or competition at altitude might be beneficial (5,18,25). (thefreedictionary.com)
- Roeggla reported that alcohol depressed breathing at high altitudes and impeded high altitude acclimatization (7). (thefreedictionary.com)
- Among other factors the degree of altitude acclimatization determines the risk to develop AMS with a lower risk in well acclimatized compared to non acclimatized persons (4). (thefreedictionary.com)
- Prepare as you would for any marathon, but with more hill work (up and down) and altitude acclimatization , if at all possible. (thefreedictionary.com)
- We're looking for the most efficient and effective approaches to altitude acclimatization ," Muza said. (thefreedictionary.com)
- USARIEM facilities allow for the study of various forms of stress that soldiers may encounter in the field and scientists here are investigating ways to help soldiers adjust to these stressors, including extreme temperature, altitude acclimatization , physical work and training injuries, energy deficit, dehydration, inflammatory stressors, chemicals, sleep deficit, and anxiety and fear. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Effects of high altitude acclimatization on heart rate variability in resting humans. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Altitude acclimatization, training and performance. (biomedsearch.com)
- Decreased exercise muscle lactate release after high altitude acclimatization. (biomedsearch.com)
- Altitude, acclimatization to. (drugster.info)
- Acclimatization has also been shown to induce alteration in selected properties of the muscle cell, some of which may be counterproductive. (biomedsearch.com)
- Heat acclimatization, or acclimation, develops respectively through repeated natural (acclimatization) or artificial (acclimation) heat exposures that are sufficiently stressful to elevate both core and skin temperatures, that induce profuse sweating (Périard et al. (gssiweb.org)
- Usually, about 7-14 d of heat exposure are needed to induce heat acclimatization. (gssiweb.org)
- We have observed striking similarities in erythrocyte homoeostasis during altitude acclimatisation and Plasmodium infection, both of which initially induce an increase in circulating erythropoietin (Epo). (uc3m.es)
- For workers who have had previous experience with the job, the acclimatization regimen should be no more than a 50% exposure on day 1, 60% on day 2, 80% on day 3, and 100% on day 4. (cdc.gov)
- Not only does acclimatization prepare them with a margin of safety but some microorganisms, insects, and plants tolerate experimental exposure at temperatures far colder or warmer than ever occur in nature. (britannica.com)
- Just what does acclimatization, through the weeks and months of exposure, mean in terms of mental and physiologic processes? (ajtmh.org)
- Acclimatization is a critical part of preventing heat illnesses and fatalities, and workers should gradually build up workloads and exposure to heat by taking frequent breaks for water and rest in shade or air conditioning. (osha.gov)
- Optimal heat acclimatization requires a minimum daily heat exposure of about 90 min (can be extended to 2 h and broken into two, 1 h exposures) combined with aerobic exercise, rather than resistance training. (gssiweb.org)
- Athletes should gradually increase the exercise intensity and duration, or just the heat exposure duration, each day of heat acclimatization. (gssiweb.org)
- The thermoregulatory benefits from heat acclimatization are generally complete by 10-14 d of exposure, but small additional benefits can occur afterwards (Sawka et al. (gssiweb.org)
- The benefits of heat acclimatization are retained for ~1 wk and then decay with about 75% lost by ~3 wk, once heat exposure ends. (gssiweb.org)
- To achieve a full appreciation of the acclimatization process, mountaineers must also be familiar with the conditions that may result from high altitude exposure described below. (s2kilimanjaro.com)
- Acclimatisation (also called acclimation or acclimatation) is the process in which an individual organism adjusts to a change in its environment (such as a change in altitude, temperature, humidity, photoperiod, or pH), allowing it to maintain performance across a range of environmental conditions. (wikipedia.org)
- The nouns acclimatization and acclimation (and the corresponding verbs acclimatize and acclimate) are widely regarded as synonymous, both in general vocabulary and in medical vocabulary. (wikipedia.org)
- It has sometimes been asserted that they should be differentiated by reserving acclimatization for a wild/natural process (e.g., shedding heavy winter fur with natural seasonal change) and reserving acclimation for changes occurring in response to an artificial or controlled situation, such as changes in temperature imposed in an experiment. (wikipedia.org)
- Note: acclimation and acclimatization are two very different terms that are not interchangeable. (wikipedia.org)
- Acclimation is used under laboratory conditions, while acclimatization is "in the field" or in nature. (wikipedia.org)
- Acclimatization or acclimation is the process of an organism adjusting to change in its environment , allowing it to survive changes in temperature, water and food availability, other stresses and often relates to seasonal ________ changes. (thefullwiki.org)
- By examining the type of in hospite Symbiodinium and the bacterial community prior acclimation and after thermal challenge, it is shown that short-term acclimatization is not due to a distinct change in the dinoflagellate or prokaryote community. (fiu.edu)
- Salt water acclimatisation makes the salmon more resistant to the skin ulcer bacterium called Tenacibaculum. (nofima.no)
- RMI Guide Jake Beren checks in from Mexico after the team's acclimatization hike. (rmiguides.com)
- Dóaz-PÉrez, J.C., Shackel, K.A., Sutter, E.G.: Effect of in vitro -formed roots and acclimatization of water status and gas exchange of tissue-cultured apple shoots. (springer.com)
- Acclimatization of in vitro apples and plums was examined in four studies: l) Leaf anatomy and water stress of aseptically cultured 'Pixy' plum grown under different environments, 2) Acclimatization of aseptically cultured 'Mac 9' apples to low relative humidity, 3) Stomatal functioning of aseptically cultured 'Mac 9' apple leaves in darkness, mannitol, ABA, and CO₂, and W) Stomatal anatomy and the duration of acclimatization of in vitro 'Mac 9' apples. (oregonstate.edu)
- Chrysanthemum acclimatization can be successfully conducted under LEDs and FLs, however it should be forgone by in vitro rooting. (media.pl)
- acclimatization in A Dictionary of Zoology (3 ed. (oxfordreference.com)
- In contrast to changes that occur during growth and development , acclimatization, as defined above, refers to an adaptive change that is reversible when conditions return to their former condition. (britannica.com)
- The observed reversible effect after acclimatisation of sludge is modelled by a population shift between two aceticlastic methanogens that have different tolerance to cyanide toxicity. (iwaponline.com)
- Objective To assess AMS risk and altitude acclimatisation in relation to smoking. (bmj.com)
- Nofima's fish health scientists have now been involved in testing this in relation to bacterial infection and seawater acclimatisation, and student Marte Fredriksen at the University of Bergen (UiB) has just submitted her master's thesis based on the trials. (nofima.no)
- The complex nature of the coral holobiont translates to multiple possible explanations for acclimatization: acquired thermal tolerance could potentially originate from the host itself, the Symbiodinium , or from the bacterial community associated with the coral. (fiu.edu)
- The cold acclimatization response in many bacterial species is a tightly regulated process, which ensures the correct folding of macromolecules. (wmin.ac.uk)
- Based on transcriptional analysis of the pnp locus of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, we show that pnp and the adjacent membrane lipoprotein nlpI gene form an operon with both genes contributing independently to the cold acclimatization response at 15 °C. Our findings thereby define a new role for NlpI in bacterial cold acclimatization. (wmin.ac.uk)
- Our goals were 1) to describe a phenotype for successful acclimatization and assess its retention and 2) use these findings as a foundation for companion mechanistic studies. (nih.gov)
- We then focused on the retention of acclimatization by having subjects reascend to 5260 m after either 7 (n = 14) or 21 (n = 7) days at 1525 m. (nih.gov)
Process known as acclimatization1
- Lowlanders who go to high altitude undergo a process known as acclimatization, which greatly assists them in tolerating the high altitude. (encyclopedia.com)
- Erythrocytes retain hypoxic adenosine response for faster acclimatization upon re-ascent. (nih.gov)
Heat acclimatization program2
- Last week, the PIAA Board of Directors approved a heat acclimatization program for football only starting this season. (thetimes-tribune.com)
- Figure 1 provides the heart rate, rectal temperature and mean skin temperature responses of persons before and during exercise each day of a 10 d dry-heat acclimatization program (Eichna et al. (gssiweb.org)
- Acclimatization was observed by opening culture jar lids and measuring relative water content, percent of closed stomata in drying studies, darkness studies, and percent survival after a transplant study. (oregonstate.edu)
- In 2012 Georgia became the sixth state to adopt heat-acclimatization guidelines to reduce the risk of exertional heat stroke among high school athletes. (momsteam.com)
- The NFL and NCAA already have instituted pre-season guidelines for acclimatization and the policy changes have been well accepted by coaches and athletes alike,' said Ferrara. (momsteam.com)
- The induction and decay of heat acclimatisation in trained athletes. (nih.gov)
- In response to legislation passed this spring by the Maryland General Assembly the MPSSAA and MSDE have released the mandated model policy regarding preseason practice heat acclimatization for student-athletes to provide guidance in the formation of local policies by each school system. (mpssaa.org)
- Each school system is encouraged to carefully consider this model policy when formulating specific guidelines for acclimatization of student-athletes to warm weather conditions. (mpssaa.org)
- Heat acclimatization is specific to the climatic heat stress (desert or tropic) and physical exercise intensities the athletes are exposed to, which should simulate the expected competitive environment. (gssiweb.org)
- Although acclimatization commonly requires modification of activity, the adaptive changes permit an organism to exploit regions of great seasonal variation and, on occasion, to move in wholly new environments . (britannica.com)
- The Portobello Marine Laboratory, on Otago Peninsula, was built in the early 1900s as a fish hatchery, and was partly funded by several acclimatisation societies. (teara.govt.nz)
- The PIAA put in a policy five years ago that all players must go through five days of heat acclimatization to get used to the heat before camp begins next week. (goerie.com)
- This gradual adjustment to conditions is acclimatization. (britannica.com)
- The Illinois High School Association (IHSA) Board of Directors met via conference call on Wednesday, May 8, 2013, where they approved changes to IHSA Policy 13 , which governs the regulations for safety and heat acclimatization for preseason football practices. (ihsa.org)
- The regulations within the FHSAA heat acclimatization policy are based on medical literature and are considered the minimum regulations for preseason practices while lending guidance in regard to running voluntary conditioning programs. (fhsaa.org)
- Six years after a joint task force of medical groups issued pre-season heat acclimatization guidelines, only 13 state high school athletic associations have moved to adopt them. (momsteam.com)
Lack of acclimatization1
- OSHA's analysis, described in the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report , suggests that the primary risk factor for heat fatalities is the lack of acclimatization programs. (osha.gov)
- Another surprising characteristic of acclimatization is its anticipatory nature-it can develop before the change occurs. (britannica.com)
- Exertional heat illness deaths are preventable with proper acclimatization of the athlete, recognition of the condition and immediate and rapid cooling when heat stroke occurs,' said then-NATA President Marjorie J. Albohm, MS, ATC in announcing Georgia's action. (momsteam.com)
- Heat acclimatization occurs when repeated exercise-heat exposures are sufficiently stressful to invoke profuse sweating and elevate whole-body temperatures. (gssiweb.org)
- During this period, re-acclimatization occurs more rapidly than the initial acclimatization when re-exposed to heat (Weller et al. (gssiweb.org)
- We know that the biggest risk for heat illness is during the first two weeks of practice and that it is essential to establish guidelines that allow for gradual acclimatization of the student athlete to the environment and physical activity. (momsteam.com)
- GAINESVILLE, Fla. - The Florida High School Athletic Association's Board of Directors continued its emphasis on student-athlete safety Monday morning, approving a policy proposal to make changes to the current heat acclimatization policy, using recommendations from its Sports Medicine Advisory Committee. (fhsaa.org)
- Acclimatization to altitude is a necessity for any athlete performing at high levels. (drugster.info)
- An interesting characteristic of seasonal acclimatization appears in animals and plants that become adjusted to cold beyond that which they are likely to encounter. (britannica.com)
- Promotive effects of long-term fertilization on growth of tissue culture-derived Hypericum polyanthemum plants during acclimatization. (momcircle.com)
- Location to another, 7 sentences and more for acclimatization tissue culture-derived Hypericum polyanthemum plants during. (momcircle.com)
- And translation of the word `` nevertheless on growth of tissue culture-derived Hypericum polyanthemum plants during acclimatization 2. (momcircle.com)
- By: Society for the Acclimatisation of Animals, Birds, Fishes, Insects and Vegetables within the United Kingdom. (biodiversitylibrary.org)
- In dealing with acclimatization, the influence of climate upon life can be treated under headings of adjustments to temperature, humidity, salinity, light, pressure, and certain chemical substances in the environment. (britannica.com)
- Whether the consequences of parental effects and the potential for trans-generational acclimatization are beneficial or maladaptive, our work identifies a critical need to expand currently proposed climate change outcomes for corals to further assess rapid response mechanisms that include non-genetic inheritance through parental contributions and classical epigenetic mechanisms. (biologists.org)
- Diamox - Diamox helps the body to breathe faster hence accelerating the acclimatization process. (lehladakhindia.com)
- Diamox has been used to help in acclimatization but it is advisable to consult your physician regarding it as side effects are there especially for those allergic to sulpha drugs. (atishaladakh.com)
- We report that in healthy lowlanders, plasma adenosine levels are rapidly induced by initial ascent to high altitude and achieved even higher levels upon re-ascent, a feature that is positively associated with quicker acclimatization. (nih.gov)
- You may be able to avoid altitude sickness by proper acclimatization. (healthline.com)
- Seasonal acclimatization and latitudinal compensation in metabolism: do they exist? (nerc.ac.uk)
- including a growing body of literature on acclimatization processes in corals ( Brown and Cossins, 2011 ). (biologists.org)
- Remarkably, no studies have yet examined the potential for trans-generational acclimatization to the simultaneous threats of temperature and OA on critical ecosystem engineers such as reef-building corals, likely due to the longer generation times of reef corals. (biologists.org)
- Acclimatization of massive reef-building corals to consecutive heatwaves. (coralcoe.org.au)
- Blood lactate concentration during exercise decreases after acclimatization to high altitude, but it is not clear whether there is decreased lactate release from the exercising muscle or if other mechanisms are involved. (biomedsearch.com)
- Conclusions Smoking slightly decreases the risk of AMS but impairs long-term altitude acclimatisation and lung function during a prolonged stay at high altitude. (bmj.com)
- Workers can maintain their acclimatization even if they are away from the job for a few days, such as when they go home for the weekend. (cdc.gov)
- These include moving up the start date for football practice two days from a Wednesday to a Monday, eliminating live tackling during the summer contact period and requiring schools to follow the day-by-day acclimatization schedule utilized in Policy 13 during summer contact days. (ihsa.org)
- It would require all member schools to either complete the three-day heat acclimatization process the week prior to the official start of practice, or spend the initial three days of practice completing this process. (thetimes-tribune.com)
- Contact, however, is not permitted during the first two days of heat acclimatization, but can take place on the third day. (thetimes-tribune.com)
- Neither the base medium nor the auxin (IBA and NAA) had a significant effect on the survival of micro-cuttings after 60 days of cultivation, but the addition of 5.0 µM of NAA did increase the percentage of rooting and survival during the acclimatization. (academicjournals.org)
- Neither 13 days of acclimatisation nor lifelong residence at high altitude protects against detrimental effects of altitude on match activity profile. (bmj.com)
- Acclimatization generally takes 1 to 3 days at a given altitude. (drugster.info)
- Kumbhakarna ViewPoint 4,420m is one of the best days hiking during your acclimatization period. (thehimalayanodyssey.com)
- It is advisable for clients at high altitude to take it easy and rest for the first few days, which would help you in acclimatization. (atishaladakh.com)
- These rapid mechanisms such as parental effects that can contribute to trans-generational acclimatization (e.g. epigenetics) have, however, been identified as important contributors to offspring response in other systems. (biologists.org)
- Acclimatization can occur in anticipation of a change and enable organisms to survive conditions beyond their natural experience. (academic.ru)
- Acclimatization and Illnesses by Rick Curtis, Director, Outdoor Action Program. (drugster.info)
- It must be remarked that this acclimatization method ensures the ideal efficiency during summer cooling if coupled with a photovoltaic generator. (wikipedia.org)