Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.
Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.
Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.
April 25th -26th, 1986 nuclear power accident that occurred at Chernobyl in the former USSR (Ukraine) located 80 miles north of Kiev.
Tendency toward involvement in accidents. Implies certain personality characteristics which predispose to accidents.
Nuclear power accident that occurred following the Tohoku-Kanto earthquake of March 11, 2011 in the northern region of Japan.
The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.
Uncontrolled release of radioactive material from its containment. This either threatens to, or does, cause exposure to a radioactive hazard. Such an incident may occur accidentally or deliberately.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
Two-wheeled, engine-driven vehicles.
Insurance providing coverage for physical injury suffered as a result of unavoidable circumstances.
A usually four-wheeled automotive vehicle designed for passenger transportation and commonly propelled by an internal-combustion engine using a volatile fuel. (Webster, 1973)
Gases, fumes, vapors, and odors escaping from the cylinders of a gasoline or diesel internal-combustion engine. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Noise associated with transportation, particularly aircraft and automobiles.
Unstable isotopes of cesium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cs atoms with atomic weights of 123, 125-132, and 134-145 are radioactive cesium isotopes.
Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.
Permanent roads having a line of rails fixed to ties and laid to gage, usually on a leveled or graded ballasted roadbed and providing a track for freight cars, passenger cars, and other rolling stock. Cars are designed to be drawn by locomotives or sometimes propelled by self-contained motors. (From Webster's 3d) The concept includes the organizational and administrative aspects of railroads as well.
Radioactive substances which act as pollutants. They include chemicals whose radiation is released via radioactive waste, nuclear accidents, fallout from nuclear explosions, and the like.
Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.
The observation, either continuously or at intervals, of the levels of radiation in a given area, generally for the purpose of assuring that they have not exceeded prescribed amounts or, in case of radiation already present in the area, assuring that the levels have returned to those meeting acceptable safety standards.
Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.
Facilities that convert NUCLEAR ENERGY into electrical energy.
Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.
Restraining belts fastened to the frame of automobiles, aircraft, or other vehicles, and strapped around the person occupying the seat in the car or plane, intended to prevent the person from being thrown forward or out of the vehicle in case of sudden deceleration.
The process of moving proteins from one cellular compartment (including extracellular) to another by various sorting and transport mechanisms such as gated transport, protein translocation, and vesicular transport.
The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).
The material that descends to the earth or water well beyond the site of a surface or subsurface nuclear explosion. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Chemical and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The branch of medicine concerned with the evaluation and initial treatment of urgent and emergent medical problems, such as those caused by accidents, trauma, sudden illness, poisoning, or disasters. Emergency medical care can be provided at the hospital or at sites outside the medical facility.
Multiple physical insults or injuries occurring simultaneously.
Devices containing fissionable material in sufficient quantity and so arranged as to be capable of maintaining a controlled, self-sustaining NUCLEAR FISSION chain reaction. They are also known as atomic piles, atomic reactors, fission reactors, and nuclear piles, although such names are deprecated. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.
Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.
A stack of flattened vesicles that functions in posttranslational processing and sorting of proteins, receiving them from the rough ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM and directing them to secretory vesicles, LYSOSOMES, or the CELL MEMBRANE. The movement of proteins takes place by transfer vesicles that bud off from the rough endoplasmic reticulum or Golgi apparatus and fuse with the Golgi, lysosomes or cell membrane. (From Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990)
Situations or conditions requiring immediate intervention to avoid serious adverse results.
General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Death that occurs as a result of anoxia or heart arrest, associated with immersion in liquid.
Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.
The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.
The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.
General or unspecified injuries involving the face and jaw (either upper, lower, or both).
An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.
Nuclear reaction in which the nucleus of a heavy atom such as uranium or plutonium is split into two approximately equal parts by a neutron, charged particle, or photon.
Cytoplasmic vesicles formed when COATED VESICLES shed their CLATHRIN coat. Endosomes internalize macromolecules bound by receptors on the cell surface.
Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.
Fractures of the skull which may result from penetrating or nonpenetrating head injuries or rarely BONE DISEASES (see also FRACTURES, SPONTANEOUS). Skull fractures may be classified by location (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR), radiographic appearance (e.g., linear), or based upon cranial integrity (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, DEPRESSED).
Hyperextension injury to the neck, often the result of being struck from behind by a fast-moving vehicle, in an automobile accident. (From Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
General or unspecified injuries to the soft tissue or bony portions of the face.
Design, development, manufacture, and operation of heavier-than-air AIRCRAFT.
Personal devices for protection of heads from impact, penetration from falling and flying objects, and from limited electric shock and burn.
The study of the characteristics, behavior, and internal structures of the atomic nucleus and its interactions with other nuclei. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.
Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Neutrons, the energy of which exceeds some arbitrary level, usually around one million electron volts.
Cellular uptake of extracellular materials within membrane-limited vacuoles or microvesicles. ENDOSOMES play a central role in endocytosis.
An acute brain syndrome which results from the excessive ingestion of ETHANOL or ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
General or unspecified injuries involving organs in the abdominal cavity.
Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.
Damage or trauma inflicted to the eye by external means. The concept includes both surface injuries and intraocular injuries.
The structuring of the environment to permit or promote specific patterns of behavior.
A condition or physical state produced by the ingestion, injection, inhalation of or exposure to a deleterious agent.
A large family of MONOMERIC GTP-BINDING PROTEINS that play a key role in cellular secretory and endocytic pathways. EC 3.6.1.-.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Professional medical personnel approved to provide care to patients in a hospital.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.
A large or important municipality of a country, usually a major metropolitan center.
Injuries involving the vertebral column.
A broad category of proteins involved in the formation, transport and dissolution of TRANSPORT VESICLES. They play a role in the intracellular transport of molecules contained within membrane vesicles. Vesicular transport proteins are distinguished from MEMBRANE TRANSPORT PROTEINS, which move molecules across membranes, by the mode in which the molecules are transported.
The sorting out and classification of patients or casualties to determine priority of need and proper place of treatment.
The status of health in urban populations.
Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
Government required written and driving test given to individuals prior to obtaining an operator's license.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Breaks in bones.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
Coverage by contract whereby one part indemnifies or guarantees another against loss by a specified contingency.
Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
All deaths reported in a given population.
MONOMERIC GTP-BINDING PROTEINS that were initially recognized as allosteric activators of the MONO(ADP-RIBOSE) TRANSFERASE of the CHOLERA TOXIN catalytic subunit. They are involved in vesicle trafficking and activation of PHOSPHOLIPASE D. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC
First aid or other immediate intervention for accidents or medical conditions requiring immediate care and treatment before definitive medical and surgical management can be procured.
A vehicle equipped for transporting patients in need of emergency care.
General or unspecified injuries to the neck. It includes injuries to the skin, muscles, and other soft tissues of the neck.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Injuries of tissue other than bone. The concept is usually general and does not customarily refer to internal organs or viscera. It is meaningful with reference to regions or organs where soft tissue (muscle, fat, skin) should be differentiated from bones or bone tissue, as "soft tissue injuries of the hand".
Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
Vesicles that are involved in shuttling cargo from the interior of the cell to the cell surface, from the cell surface to the interior, across the cell or around the cell to various locations.
The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.
A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)
General or unspecified injuries to the hand.
Particles of any solid substance, generally under 30 microns in size, often noted as PM30. There is special concern with PM1 which can get down to PULMONARY ALVEOLI and induce MACROPHAGE ACTIVATION and PHAGOCYTOSIS leading to FOREIGN BODY REACTION and LUNG DISEASES.
Injuries sustained from incidents in the course of work-related activities.
The killing of one person by another.
A network of membrane compartments, located at the cytoplasmic side of the GOLGI APPARATUS, where proteins and lipids are sorted for transport to various locations in the cell or cell membrane.
A fungal metabolite which is a macrocyclic lactone exhibiting a wide range of antibiotic activity.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Pollutants, present in air, which exhibit radioactivity.
Nitrogen oxide (NO2). A highly poisonous gas. Exposure produces inflammation of lungs that may only cause slight pain or pass unnoticed, but resulting edema several days later may cause death. (From Merck, 11th ed) It is a major atmospheric pollutant that is able to absorb UV light that does not reach the earth's surface.
Comprehensive planning for the physical development of the city.
A system of cisternae in the CYTOPLASM of many cells. In places the endoplasmic reticulum is continuous with the plasma membrane (CELL MEMBRANE) or outer membrane of the nuclear envelope. If the outer surfaces of the endoplasmic reticulum membranes are coated with ribosomes, the endoplasmic reticulum is said to be rough-surfaced (ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM, ROUGH); otherwise it is said to be smooth-surfaced (ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM, SMOOTH). (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
Fractures of the zygoma.
Fractures of the lower jaw.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Automotive safety devices consisting of a bag designed to inflate upon collision and prevent passengers from pitching forward. (American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
Injuries caused by electric currents. The concept excludes electric burns (BURNS, ELECTRIC), but includes accidental electrocution and electric shock.
Tumors, cancer or other neoplasms produced by exposure to ionizing or non-ionizing radiation.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The act of killing oneself.
General or unspecified injuries to the posterior part of the trunk. It includes injuries to the muscles of the back.
A protein complex comprised of COATOMER PROTEIN and ADP RIBOSYLATION FACTOR 1. It is involved in transport of vesicles between the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM and the GOLGI APPARATUS.
General or unspecified injuries to the heart.
Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of medical care.
General or unspecified injuries involving the leg.
The medical specialty which deals with WOUNDS and INJURIES as well as resulting disability and disorders from physical traumas.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
Wounds caused by objects penetrating the skin.
Penetrating stab wounds caused by needles. They are of special concern to health care workers since such injuries put them at risk for developing infectious disease.
Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.
A 700-kDa cytosolic protein complex consisting of seven equimolar subunits (alpha, beta, beta', gamma, delta, epsilon and zeta). COATOMER PROTEIN and ADP-RIBOSYLATION FACTOR 1 are principle components of COAT PROTEIN COMPLEX I and are involved in vesicle transport between the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM and the GOLGI APPARATUS.
Areas of the earth where hydrocarbon deposits of PETROLEUM and/or NATURAL GAS are located.
The specialty or practice of nursing in the care of patients admitted to the emergency department.
The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).
A genetically related subfamily of RAB GTP-BINDING PROTEINS involved in vesicle transport between the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM and the GOLGI APPARATUS and through early Golgi compartments. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC
The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
Loss of the ability to maintain awareness of self and environment combined with markedly reduced responsiveness to environmental stimuli. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp344-5)
Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.
Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.
Harmful effects of non-experimental exposure to ionizing or non-ionizing radiation in VERTEBRATES.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The process of accepting patients. The concept includes patients accepted for medical and nursing care in a hospital or other health care institution.
Cellular release of material within membrane-limited vesicles by fusion of the vesicles with the CELL MEMBRANE.
Specialized hospital facilities which provide diagnostic and therapeutic services for trauma patients.
Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.
A belief or practice which lacks adequate basis for proof; an embodiment of fear of the unknown, magic, and ignorance.
Architecture, exterior and interior design, and construction of facilities other than hospitals, e.g., dental schools, medical schools, ambulatory care clinics, and specified units of health care facilities. The concept also includes architecture, design, and construction of specialized contained, controlled, or closed research environments including those of space labs and stations.
Conveying ill or injured individuals from one place to another.
Bites by snakes. Bite by a venomous snake is characterized by stinging pain at the wound puncture. The venom injected at the site of the bite is capable of producing a deleterious effect on the blood or on the nervous system. (Webster's 3d ed; from Dorland, 27th ed, at snake, venomous)
General or unspecified injuries involving the arm.
TRANSPORT VESICLES formed when cell-membrane coated pits (COATED PITS, CELL-MEMBRANE) invaginate and pinch off. The outer surface of these vesicles is covered with a lattice-like network of COP (coat protein complex) proteins, either COPI or COPII. COPI coated vesicles transport backwards from the cisternae of the GOLGI APPARATUS to the rough endoplasmic reticulum (ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM, ROUGH), while COPII coated vesicles transport forward from the rough endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi apparatus.
Examination of any part of the body for diagnostic purposes by means of X-RAYS or GAMMA RAYS, recording the image on a sensitized surface (such as photographic film).
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
The development of systems to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences in an institutional setting. The concept includes prevention or reduction of adverse events or incidents involving employees, patients, or facilities. Examples include plans to reduce injuries from falls or plans for fire safety to promote a safe institutional environment.
A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.
Specific particles of membrane-bound organized living substances present in eukaryotic cells, such as the MITOCHONDRIA; the GOLGI APPARATUS; ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM; LYSOSOMES; PLASTIDS; and VACUOLES.
The total amount of work to be performed by an individual, a department, or other group of workers in a period of time.
Thin structures that encapsulate subcellular structures or ORGANELLES in EUKARYOTIC CELLS. They include a variety of membranes associated with the CELL NUCLEUS; the MITOCHONDRIA; the GOLGI APPARATUS; the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM; LYSOSOMES; PLASTIDS; and VACUOLES.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Injuries to tissues caused by contact with heat, steam, chemicals (BURNS, CHEMICAL), electricity (BURNS, ELECTRIC), or the like.
Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.
Community health education events focused on prevention of disease and promotion of health through audiovisual exhibits.
A class of morphologically heterogeneous cytoplasmic particles in animal and plant tissues characterized by their content of hydrolytic enzymes and the structure-linked latency of these enzymes. The intracellular functions of lysosomes depend on their lytic potential. The single unit membrane of the lysosome acts as a barrier between the enzymes enclosed in the lysosome and the external substrate. The activity of the enzymes contained in lysosomes is limited or nil unless the vesicle in which they are enclosed is ruptured. Such rupture is supposed to be under metabolic (hormonal) control. (From Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)
Non-fatal immersion or submersion in water. The subject is resuscitable.
Paramedical personnel trained to provide basic emergency care and life support under the supervision of physicians and/or nurses. These services may be carried out at the site of the emergency, in the ambulance, or in a health care institution.
Large hospitals with a resident medical staff which provides continuous care to maternity, surgical and medical patients.
Days commemorating events. Holidays also include vacation periods.
The aggregate business enterprise of building.
A genetically related subfamily of RAB GTP-BINDING PROTEINS involved in transport from the cell membrane to early endosomes. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC
Membrane-limited structures derived from the plasma membrane or various intracellular membranes which function in storage, transport or metabolism.
Emergency care or treatment given to a person who suddenly becomes ill or injured before full medical services become available.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.

Non-fatal injuries sustained by seatbelt wearers: a comparative study. (1/2587)

The injuries sustained by 969 drivers and front-seat passengers in road-traffic accidents were studied. Altogether 196 (20-2%) of the drivers and passengers were wearing seat belts and 773 (79-8%) were not. The injuries among the two groups differed greatly in both severity and distribution. A total of 54 (27-6%) of the seatbelt wearers sustained one or more fractures compared with 300 (38-8%) of the non-wearers, and 18 (9-2%) of the seatbelt wearers were severely injured compared with 300 (38-8%) of the non-wearers. Soft-tissue injuries to the face were sustained by only 29 (14-8%) of the seatbelt wearers compared with 425 (55%) of the non-wearers. Since wearing seatbelts may become compulsory, the type and pattern of injuries to be expected in wearers should be appreciated.  (+info)

The association between sleep apnea and the risk of traffic accidents. Cooperative Group Burgos-Santander. (2/2587)

BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Drowsiness and lack of concentration may contribute to traffic accidents. We conducted a case-control study of the relation between sleep apnea and the risk of traffic accidents. The case patients were 102 drivers who received emergency treatment at hospitals in Burgos or Santander, Spain, after highway traffic accidents between April and December 1995. The controls were 152 patients randomly selected from primary care centers in the same cities and matched with the case patients for age and sex. Respiratory polygraphy was used to screen the patients for sleep apnea at home, and conventional polysomnography was used to confirm the diagnosis. The apnea-hypopnea index (the total number of episodes of apnea and hypopnea divided by the number of hours of sleep) was calculated for each participant. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 44 years; 77 percent were men. As compared with those without sleep apnea, patients with an apnea-hypopnea index of 10 or higher had an odds ratio of 6.3 (95 percent confidence interval, 2.4 to 16.2) for having a traffic accident. This relation remained significant after adjustment for potential confounders, such as alcohol consumption, visual-refraction disorders, body-mass index, years of driving, age, history with respect to traffic accidents, use of medications causing drowsiness, and sleep schedule. Among subjects with an apnea-hypopnea index of 10 or more, the risk of an accident was higher among those who had consumed alcohol on the day of the accident than among those who had not. CONCLUSIONS: There is a strong association between sleep apnea, as measured by the apnea-hypopnea index, and the risk of traffic accidents.  (+info)

Pain after whiplash: a prospective controlled inception cohort study. (3/2587)

OBJECTIVES: In Lithuania, there is little awareness of the notion that chronic symptoms may result from rear end collisions via the so-called whiplash injury. After most such collisions no contact with the health service is established. An opportunity therefore exists to study post-traumatic pain without the confounding factors present in western societies. METHODS: In a prospective, controlled inception cohort study, 210 victims of a rear end collision were consecutively identified from the daily records of the Kaunas traffic police. Neck pain and headache were evaluated by mailed questionnaires shortly after the accident, after 2 months, and after 1 year. As controls, 210 sex and age matched subjects were randomly taken from the population register of the same geographical area and evaluated for the same symptoms immediately after their identification and after 1 year. RESULTS: Initial pain was reported by 47% of accident victims; 10% had neck pain alone, 18% had neck pain together with headache, and 19% had headache alone. The median duration of the initial neck pain was 3 days and maximal duration 17 days. The median duration of headache was 4.5 hours and the maximum duration was 20 days. After 1 year, there were no significant differences between the accident victims and the control group concerning frequency and intensity of these symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: In a country were there is no preconceived notion of chronic pain arising from rear end collisions, and thus no fear of long term disability, and usually no involvement of the therapeutic community, insurance companies, or litigation, symptoms after an acute whiplash injury are self limiting, brief, and do not seem to evolve to the so-called late whiplash syndrome.  (+info)

Abrupt exacerbation of acute subdural hematoma mimicking benign acute epidural hematoma on computed tomography--case report. (4/2587)

A 75-year-old male was hit by a car, when riding a bicycle. The diagnosis of acute epidural hematoma was made based on computed tomography (CT) findings of lentiform hematoma in the left temporal region. On admission he had only moderate occipitalgia and amnesia of the accident, so conservative therapy was administered. Thirty-three hours later, he suddenly developed severe headache, vomiting, and anisocoria just after a positional change. CT revealed typical acute subdural hematoma (ASDH), which was confirmed by emergent decompressive craniectomy. He was vegetative postoperatively and died of pneumonia one month later. Emergent surgical exploration is recommended for this type of ASDH even if the symptoms are mild due to aged atrophic brain.  (+info)

Injury control strategies: extending the quality and quantity of data relating to road traffic accidents in children. (5/2587)

This review describes how an extended database of information can provide the opportunity to go beyond the traditionally distinct health, engineering, and education initiatives in order to identify the effectiveness of more overarching policies for injury control. Such information can be used to raise awareness and to encourage community participation in designing a road traffic accident prevention strategy.  (+info)

Survival of donor leukocyte subpopulations in immunocompetent transfusion recipients: frequent long-term microchimerism in severe trauma patients. (6/2587)

We recently reported detection of a transient increase in circulating donor leukocytes (WBCs) in immunocompetent recipients 3 to 5 days posttransfusion (tx) (Blood 85:1207, 1995). We have now characterized survival kinetics of specific donor WBC subsets in additional tx populations. Eight female elective surgery patients (pts) were sampled pre-tx and on days 1, 3, 5, 7, and 14 post-tx. Ten female trauma pts transfused with a total of 4 to 18 U of relatively fresh red blood cells were sampled up to 1.5 years post-tx. WBC subsets from frozen whole blood were isolated using CD4, CD8 (T cell), CD15 (myeloid), and CD19 (B cell) antibody-coated magnetic beads. Donor WBCs were counted by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of male-specific sex determining region (SRY) sequences. PCR HLA typing and mixed leukocyte reaction (MLR) between recipient and donor WBCs were performed on two of the trauma tx recipients who had long-term chimerism of donor cells post-tx. In 6 of 8 female surgery pts, circulating CD4(+) male donor cells peaked at day 3 or 5 (0.01 to 1 cell/microL), followed by clearance by day 14. In 7 of 10 female trauma pts, we observed multilineage persistence of male donor WBCs (CD4, CD8, CD15, CD19) for 6 months to 1.5 years post-tx at concentrations of 10 to 100 cells/microL. In 2 trauma recipients studied, MLR showed no, or very low, response to WBC of the single donor implicated as the source of microchimerism by HLA typing. Establishment of long-term multilineage chimerism in trauma recipients is probably caused by engraftment of donor stem cells and mutual tolerance between recipient and donor leukocytes. A better understanding of factors determining clearance versus chimerism of transfused leukocytes is critical to prevention of alloimmunization and transfusion-induced graft-versus-host disease, and, potentially, to induction of tolerance for transplantation.  (+info)

Underage drivers are separating drinking from driving. (7/2587)

OBJECTIVES: From 1985 to 1995, drivers younger than 21 years experienced a 50% drop in fatal crashes involving alcohol. This study addresses whether the decrease is explained by young drivers' drinking less or by their separating drinking from driving. METHODS: Nighttime roadside surveys were conducted in 3 communities to test drivers' breath and administer questionnaires on drinking practices. From 1992 to 1996, 34,898 drivers (21% of whom were younger than 21 years) were interviewed. RESULTS: Although drivers younger than 21 years were more likely to have consumed 6 or more drinks on at least 1 occasion during the previous month, a smaller percentage of younger drivers than of older drivers had blood alcohol concentrations of 0.01 or higher. CONCLUSIONS: Younger drivers are more likely than drivers older than 21 years to separate drinking from driving.  (+info)

Measuring community/environmental interventions: the Child Pedestrian Injury Prevention Project. (8/2587)

OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of community/environmental interventions undertaken as part of the Child Pedestrian Injury Prevention Project (CPIPP). SETTING: Three communities (local government areas) in the Perth metropolitan area, Western Australia. METHODS: A quasiexperimental community intervention trial was undertaken over three years (1995-97). Three communities were assigned to either: a community/environmental road safety intervention and a school based road/pedestrian safety education program (intervention group 1); a school based road/pedestrian safety education program only (intervention group 2); or to no road safety intervention (comparison group). Quantification of the various road safety community/environmental activities undertaken in each community during the trial was measured, and a cumulative community activity index developed. Estimates of the volume and speed of vehicular traffic were monitored over a two year period. RESULTS: Greater road safety activity was observed in intervention group 1 compared with the other groups. A significant reduction in the volume of traffic on local access roads was also observed over the period of the trial in intervention group 1, but not in the remaining groups. CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that the various community/environmental interventions initiated in collaboration with CPIPP in intervention group 1 contributed, in part, to the observed reduction in the volume of traffic. A combination of community/environmental interventions and education are likely to reduce the rate of childhood pedestrian injury.  (+info)

The U.S. Department of Transportations National Highway Traffic Safety Administration today released preliminary estimates of crash fatalities in 2020 involving motor vehicle occupants, motorcyclists, and people walking and biking. Alongside the release of the 2020 fatality projections, Early Estimate of Motor Vehicle Traffic Fatalities in 2020, the agency issued two special reports, Early Estimates of Motor Vehicle Traffic Fatalities and Fatality Rate by Sub-Categories in 2020, and Update to Special Reports on Traffic Safety During the COVID-19 Public Health Emergency: Fourth Quarter Data.. While Americans drove less in 2020 due to the pandemic, NHTSAs early estimates show that an estimated 38,680 people died in motor vehicle traffic crashes-the largest projected number of fatalities since 2007. This represents an increase of about 7.2 percent as compared to the 36,096 fatalities reported in 2019. Preliminary data from the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) shows vehicle miles traveled ...
Motor-vehicle crashes (MVCs) are the leading cause of death for persons aged 15-20 years in the United States (1). Although the 11.9 million young drivers aged 15-20 years constituted only 6.7% of the total number of licensed drivers in the United States during 1995, they represented a disproportionate 14% of all drivers involved in fatal MVCs. In addition, adjusting for the number of miles driven, rates of fatal crashes were higher for young drivers than for drivers in any other age group (e.g., the rate for 16-year-olds was 18 times that for persons aged 30-34 years) (2). This report summarizes trends in involvement in fatal MVCs by drivers aged 15-20 years during 1988-1995; these findings document an overall decline in involvement by young drivers in fatal crashes in the United States. This analysis used data from the Fatal Accident Reporting System of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). A driver was defined as an operator of a moving motor vehicle. A fatal MVC was a ...
Read chapter Appendix C: Supplementary Statistical Results: TRB Special Report 265 - An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administrations...
In California, unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death and hospitalization among children under age 16. With over 24 million vehicles, and over 170,000 thousand miles of roadway, virtually every one of Californias 8 million young people are routinely exposed to traffic-related injury, disability and death. Motor vehicle occupant injuries are among the top five causes of both death and hospitalization among children under age 16. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) estimates that, controlling for driver seat belt use and the childs seating position, child restraints are 71% effective in reducing fatality among infants and 54% effective among children aged one to four in passenger cars.. Motor vehicle-related injuries are preventable, yet motor vehicle crashes remain a leading cause of death and disability for children. In California, 4,579 children age four years and younger were hospitalized as a result of motor vehicle occupant injuries in 1994. The ...
The prevalence of prescription opioid use among drivers has increased markedly in the past two decades. The purpose of this study is to assess the associations of prescription opioid use and alcohol use with the risk of fatal crash involvement in US drivers. We performed a population-based case-control study using toxicological testing data from two national data systems. Cases (n = 3606) were drivers involved in fatal motor vehicle crashes selected from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System and controls (n = 15,600) were drivers participating in the 2007 and 2013 National Roadside Surveys of Alcohol and Drug Use by Drivers. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) of fatal crash involvement associated with prescription opioid use with and without the presence of alcohol. Overall, cases were significantly more likely than controls to test positive for prescription opioids (5.0% vs. 3.7%, p | 0.001), alcohol (56.2% vs. 7.1%, p | 0
Data & statistics on Mortality rate from alcohol-related motor vehicle injuries New: Mortality rate from alcohol-related motor vehicle injuries, New Jersey, 1999, 2003, ALCOHOL-RELATED, DRUG-RELATED, AND INJURY DEATHS BY COUNTY OF RESIDENCE NEW JERSEY, 1999 MOTOR VEHICLE INJURIES, Does not include the contribution of alcohol to deaths from road traffic injuries, other injuries, cancer, cardiovascular diseases and other conditions. It is estimated that in 1996, 30 per cent of all drinkers killed in motor vehicle crashes had alcohol levels above the legal limit....
MEEL, B L. Fatal road traffic accidents in the Mthatha area of South Africa, 1993 - 2004. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j. [online]. 2008, vol.98, n.9, pp.716-719. ISSN 2078-5135.. BACKGROUND: Trauma is one of the leading causes of death in the Mthatha area, which is one of the least developed regions of South Africa. Road traffic accidents (RTAs) contribute substantially to the number of such deaths. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the number of fatal RTAs in the Mthatha area, and analyse age and sex of the deceased. METHODS: A review of autopsies performed in the Mthatha General Hospital mortuary was conducted. Data were analysed using the GENSTAT 9 package with a Poisson regression model. RESULTS: There were 2 736 deaths from RTAs over the 12-year period 1993 - 2004 in the Mthatha area. These casualties constituted an average annual rate of 57 deaths per 100 000 population. The highest (69.4/100 000) was in 1998, and the lowest (40.2/100 000) in 2001. Males outnumbered females by 2.6:1 (95% confidence interval ...
INTRODUCTION: injuries represent a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and road traffic crashes accounts for a significant proportion of these injuries. Tanzania is among the countries with high rates of road traffic crashes. The aim of this study was to determine the pattern, associated factors and management of road traffic injury patients in Tanzania. METHODS: a cross-sectional study of patients involved in motor traffic crashes and attended in six public hospitals of Tanzania mainland between April 2014 and September 2014. RESULTS: a total of 4675 road traffic injury patients were seen in studied hospitals, 76.6% were males. Majority (70.2%) were between 18 - 45 years age group. Motorcycles were the leading cause of road traffic crashes (53.4%), and drivers (38.3%) accounted for majority of victims. Fractures accounted for 34.1%, and injuries were severe in 2.2% as determined by the Kampala trauma score II (KTS II). Majorities 57.4% were admitted and 2.2% died at the casualty.
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Automobile Accident Attorney Rochester Ny - Each and every year, countless people take part in a crash that may depart them hurt, dealing with legal cases along with no location to consider for support. Whether or not you may have been in an vehicle, office, or motorbike crash, it can be important to look for …. Automobile Accident Attorney Rochester Ny Read More ». ...
Alcohol is a major factor in traffic accidents. Based on data from the U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), there was an alcohol-impaired traffic fatality every 50 minutes in 2018.. Alcohol-impaired crashes are those that involve at least one driver or a motorcycle operator with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.08 grams per deciliter or above, the legal definition of impaired driving. According to NHTSA 10,511 people died in alcohol-impaired crashes in 2018. Alcohol-impaired crash fatalities accounted for 29 percent of all crash fatalities.. The Federal Bureau of Investigation estimates 1,001,329 drivers were arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol or narcotics in 2018. The arrest rate works out to one arrest for about every 227 licensed drivers in the United States.. The definition of alcohol-impaired driving was consistent throughout the United States until December 2018. All states and the District of Columbia except ...
The funding, from the California Office of Traffic Safety through the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, allows CDPHs Crash Medical Outcomes Data Project to continue to produce useful traffic and medical data to help reduce traffic-related injuries and deaths. Several areas of focus will include more accurately measuring severe injuries, assessing alcohol- and drug-impairment-related crashes and translating data into information that local communities can use to make roadways safer. Individual-level crash data are currently accessible via CDPHs online system, Epicenter ...
There are roughly 260 million vehicles in the United States. A public with lots of vehicles unfortunately has a lot of vehicle accidents. These collisions disproportionately injure and kill teenagers. In response to a dire situation, Congress established the third week of October as National Teen Driver Safety Week. This year it takes place October 18th - 24th.. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration says that motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for 14 - 18 year olds in the US. Teenagers are only 14% of the US population, but account for 30% of the fatal accidents, according to the CDC. A 2007 study showed that teens are aware drunk driving greatly increases the chances of an accident, but that they are not aware of the dangers of distracted driving. Problem areas include speeding, a lack of seat belt use, texting, alcohol use, and distracting passengers. The NHTSA shows that every day, an average of seven teens are killed in vehicle accidents.. For National Teen ...
Background: This paper aims at assessing the effectiveness of introducing road safety onto the political agenda in the year 2004 - and the overall effect of the road safety measures implemented thereafter - on the number of road traffic injured people in Spain. Methods: An evaluation study was performed using an interrupted time-series design. The study population were people injured in road traffic crashes in Spain between the 1st of January 2000 and the 31st of December 2006. The road traffic crashes database of the General Directorate for Traffic was used. The dependent variable was the monthly number of people injured, stratified by sex, age, severity and type of road user. The explanatory variable (intervention) compared the post-intervention period (2004-2006) with the pre-intervention period (2000-2003). Quasi-Poisson regression models were adjusted, controlling for time trend and for seasonality. Results: Results show a reduction in the risk of being injured for both men (RR=0.91; 95%CI: ...
Objective. To assess whether higher mortality rates among individuals in motor vehicle crashes in areas with low population density depend on injury type and severity or are related to the performance of emergency medical services (EMS).. Methods Prehospital and hospital deaths were studied in a population-based cohort of 41 243 motor vehicle crashes that occurred in Sweden between 1998 and 2004. The final multivariable analysis was restricted to 6884 individuals in motor vehicle crashes, to minimise the effects of confounding factors.. Results Crude mortality rates following motor vehicle crashes were inversely related to regional population density. In regions with low population density, the unadjusted rate ratio for prehospital death was 2.2 (95% CI 1.9 to 2.5) and for hospital death 1.5 (95% CI 1.1 to 1.9), compared with a high-density population. However, after controlling for regional differences in age, gender and the type/severity of injuries among 6884 individuals in motor vehicle ...
Objective: The rate of road traffic accidents in Iran per capita and for the number of vehicles is much higher than the average in the world. The present study was conducted to investigate road traffic accidents in Yazd province during 2011-2015.Methods: The present study is a descriptive-analytic study in which data were obtained from data collection forms related to deaths from driving accidents of forensic medicine organizations. Data were entered into SPSS version 23. We calculated the frequency, percentage, and mean indices. We used Fisher exact test for data analysis.Results: In this research, 1437 individuals were studied. The number of deaths in men was three times more than women. Most fatal accidents occurred in the age group of 20-30 years. The most common accident which occurred during these years was the collision of vehicles with each other and in terms of the final cause of death, 1045 people died due to head injuries. In this study, we showed that the incidence decreased from 29.03 in
The study involved 48 patients 50 years of age or older with glaucoma and 47 age-matched persons without the eye disease. Glaucoma patients were almost three times as likely to have experienced one or more falls in the previous year and over six times as likely to have been involved in one or more motor vehicle accidents in the previous five years. They were also more likely to have been at-fault for motor vehicle accidents in which they were involved. The strongest risk factor for these motor vehicle accidents was impaired useful field of view. This research shows higher levels of falls and motor vehicle accidents than found in previous studies. These results have a potential useful application in patient education, licensing of drivers, and intervention programs.. Based on these results, the research group has started a larger prospective study to better understand why patients with glaucoma may be more likely to have falls and motor vehicle accidents, said researcher Sharon A. Haymes, PhD, ...
The number of deaths caused by smoking in the home could be comparable to the numbers of fatalities from road traffic collisions, according to new research led by NUI Galway and funded under the EPAs STRIVE Research Programme.. Indoor Air Pollution and Health is a new in-depth study of air pollution in homes and shows that the concentration of particulate pollution in the homes of smokers who smoke indoors is six times higher than the World Health Organisations recommendation for general outdoor air quality.. This research examined the health impacts of air pollution in homes. It presents new information on levels of indoor air pollutants in homes using solid fuels for heating or cooking and in homes that have a resident smoker. The report highlights the need for public health policy and research professionals to develop interventions to address this.. The research was completed by NUI Galway and researchers at the University of Aberdeen, the Institute of Occupational Medicine, Edinburgh and ...
Drinking and driving is a major risk factor for motor vehicle accidents. Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for youth aged 15-20 years. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), alcohol impaired-driving fatalities accounted for 29% of the total motor vehicle traffic fatalities in the US in 2015.* The rate of drinking and driving among New Mexico high school students has been decreasing since 2003, and decreasing among US high school students since at least 2001. In recent years, NM had a higher rate than the US, but since 2009 there has not been a statistical difference between the tworates. In 2015, the prevalence of past-30-day drinking and driving was 7.4% among NM high school students. Drinking and driving mostly increased in prevalence with increasing grade levels (9th = 6.1%; 10th = 4.6%; 11th = 8.6%; 12th = 9.4%). White (6.0%) and American Indian (6.7%) students had lower rates of drinking and driving than Asian/Pacific Islander (13.8%) ...
The media is often saturated with stories of people receiving huge sums of money for minor or frivolous claims, coupled with those text messages telling us that there is a cheque waiting (as a result of an accident we were involved in nearly three years ago), it is little wonder there is a perception that after an accident a cheque will just be waiting for collection.. This is not the case and nor should it be.. The past two governments are committed to reducing the number of claims arising form Road Traffic accidents taking steps to clamp down on claims for road traffic accidents.. In recent years the government has stepped up measures to clamp down on Claimants making road traffic accident claims. The Criminal Justice and Courts Act 2015 came into force on 13 April 2015, allowing Defendants to seek dismissal of a claim on the basis of fundamental dishonesty and the court is now required to dismiss the whole case if there are any elements of fundamental dishonesty such as exaggeration of ...
An apparatus (10) for helping to protect an occupant of a vehicle (12) comprises a vehicle occupant protection device (14) that is inflatable between a part (16) of the vehicle and a vehicle occupant. The apparatus (10) also comprises an inflation fluid source (24) that is actuatable to direct into the vehicle occupant protection device (14) both gas for initially inflating the vehicle occupant protection device and materials (82, 124) for forming a low-density closed cell foam material in the vehicle occupant protection device. The closed cell foam material assists in maintaining the vehicle occupant protection device (14) in an inflated condition.
How Do Neck injuries from Car Accidents Affect Your Health? - Carrollton, TX. One of the most common injuries that occur during a car accident is a neck injury. Neck injuries can easily happen during car accidents due to the great force of impact that occurs when a vehicle crashes. If you have suffered a neck injury during an automobile accident, it can cause a lot of negative impacts on your life. Here is a closer look at how car accidents cause neck injuries and how to treat them.. How Auto Accident Cause Injuries to the Neck. One of the most common ways that people suffer injuries during car accidents is whiplash. When a car is stopped suddenly by the result of impact, the head whips forward as the body remains stationary due to being buckled in by the seatbelt. When the head violently pitches forward in this manner, it can cause strain and tears on the neck muscles. In severe accidents, the vertebra of the neck can actually be thrown out of alignment. This causes severe pain and ...
Some alarming news from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: traffic deaths are up by 10.4% this year, ... personal injury
Motor vehicle crashes involving impaired driving are a significant public health problem in the U.S. In 1994, there were an estimated 16,900 fatalities in alcohol-related crashes, which is the lowest number in many years (NHTSA, 1995). However, it still represents an average of one alcohol-related fatality every 30 minutes. In addition, an estimated 1.2 million people are injured annually in alcohol-related crashes and the burden of these crashes on society is over $46 billion in direct costs alone (Miller and Blincoe, 1994). Almost 2 in every 5 Americans will be involved in an alcohol-related crash at some time in their lives (NHTSA, 1994) Substantial progress has been made, however, since 1982. In that year, 57% of the 43,945 traffic fatalities were estimated to be alcohol-related (i.e. a driver or pedestrian/bicyclist had a positive blood alcohol concentration (BAC)). This translated to 25,170 alcohol-related traffic deaths. In 1994, the 16,900 alcohol-related traffic deaths represented 42% ...
New Delhi: Union Minister for Road Transport, Sh. Nitin Gadkari has called for all-round efforts by all stakeholders to ensure that deaths due to road accidents are reduced by 50% by 2025. Terming the situation as alarming, the Minister said we stand at number one position in road accidents in the world, ahead of US and China. He was inaugurating the Webinar series being launched by the International Road Federation, India Chapter, on the theme of Road Safety Challenges in India & Preparation of an Action Plan . Some 1.5 lakh people die, and more than 4.5 lakh people are injured in road accidents every year in the country - 415 deaths per day in road accidents. 3.14 per cent of national GDP is the socio-economic loss from these accidents, and 70% of the deaths are in the age group of 18 to 45 years old.. ...
As described in the 2004 World Health Organization/World Bank World report on road traffic injury prevention, road traffic injuries are a worldwide public health problem and a growing cause of death and injury around the world. Each year road crashes kill more than 1.2 million people, and as many as 50 million are injured or disabled as a result. Road traffic crashes are the leading cause of death for children and young people aged 5-29 years, and according to projections from WHO, trauma will remain a global public health concern for the next twenty years. From 2011-2020, the UN/WHO Decade of Action for Road Safety aims to stop and possibly reverse the predicted trend of global road deaths by 2020, thus markedly reducing the global burden of disease caused by road traffic disasters. Accompanying the Decade of Action for Road Safety, this article collection in Journal of Trauma Management and Outcomes aims to be of interest to health professionals, stakeholders related to road safety, and the ...
Karnes is one of more than a dozen counties inundated with traffic from the Eagle Ford Shale energy boom. In the counties most directly affected by Eagle Ford drilling, the biggest jump in fatal traffic accidents has involved commercial vehicles, according to an analysis of TxDOT numbers, increasing from six in 2008 to 24 last year. An exact count of traffic deaths is difficult to come by because local agencies sometimes dont amend crash reports to the Texas Department of Transportation when people die later. While its hard to pinpoint any one factor causing the traffic deaths, county and state officials are trying various ways to make the roads safer again. [...] Jalufka said, by next year, he anticipates another 20,000 to 30,000 people. Big trucks hauling heavy equipment or loads are constantly wearing down the roads and causing damage, and its hard for the county and state to keep up. In April, a pothole sent a vehicle packed with undocumented immigrants bouncing violently along Texas 792.
Social Security disability benefits can be approved for long-term disability caused by the negligence of a motorist. Millions of people are disabled in motor vehicle accidents every year. Serious injury often results in loss of income and permanent disability, in addition to costly medical expenses. An automobile accident involving a bus crash, drunk driving, a motorcycle collision, semi-truck crashes, pedestrian hit-and-run, or bike-auto collision could result in a valid disability claim.. The Disability Champions can help you claim the benefits you are entitled to, if you have suffered traumatic brain or spinal injury, severe burns, amputation, broken bones, or other disabling conditions in a motor collision.. If within the past four years you have sustained long-term injuries as a result of an automobile accident, contact us immediately at The Disability Champions for a free consultation. ...
When you God forbid come across a automobile accident, then the first important thing is to find a clinic which should be known as specialized clinic for that sort of specific injuries and that is sometimes get critical. our doctors do not let any injury go untreated, because any minor injury caused by automobile accident can worsen and cause long-term injury if it is left untreated. Pain Management Institute has been helping patients recover from automobile accidents since 1997, and that sort of long period in treating patients from automobile accidents. Patients who got treated here have experienced our highly advanced treatment procedures first hand, and they can vouch that your complete recovery from injury is what our chief objective. Our team is very experienced in handling the personal injury- related legal paperwork and insurance, and it makes the process as easier as it can be for you.. ... ALAMOSA, COLORADO (ANS) -- Author and Christianity Today writer Philip Yancey was injured in an automobile accident Feb. 25, but has written about his experience in order to quell rumors that are circulating about what happened. On his Web site , the prolific writer of such books as The Jesus I Never Knew, and his latest book on prayer, Yancey says: So many have called to express concern, and a few wild rumors have been floating around, so I thought it would be best to send out an official report of my accident on Sunday, February 25. Im OK! Honest. Yancey says that he was driving alone on a remote highway after a busy weekend speaking in New Mexico. He was on a curvy but not too hilly road, driving at about 65 mph. A curve came up suddenly, and I turned to the left, perhaps too sharply. As you may know, Ford Explorers are rather notorious for fishtailing, and this one did. I tried to correct, but as best as I can reconstruct what happened, my tire slipped off ...
In Turkey, traffic accidents are the major causes of mortality and morbidity. According to the statistics made by Turkish Security Headquarters in the year 2000, 7500 people are killed in the traffic accidents every year. Drivers are mostly blamed for the traffic accidents. Tired, weary, sleepy and absentminded driving are common reasons for traffic accidents due to many reasons. Among these reasons mental and reflex conditions of drivers are significant. Toxoplasmosis is one of the most common zoonoses throughout the world. In immumocomponent adults, toxoplasmosis has no clinical signs or symptoms and infection in such people can only be detected by serological examinations. This kind of latent or dormant toxoplasmosis can be located in neural or muscular tissues and cause prolonged reaction times of the muscles. Extended reaction times also lead to deceleration of the reflexes which could be a major cause of the traffic accidents. By the light of this situation, the incidence of Toxoplasma ...
The role of alcohol in motor vehicle crashes has been recognized almost since the advent of motor vehicles (U.S. Department of Transportation, 1968). As early as 1936, Norway enacted legislation establishing a BAC of 0.05% as the limit for operating a motor vehicle. Still, alcohol persists as a major factor in motor vehicle injury (Cherpitel, 1993). The role of drugs other than alcohol is less clear, particularly when it comes to how extensively they are involved in real world crashes. Several recent studies have reported drugs in patients admitted to hospital for treatment of injury. Soderstrom et al. (1989) reported the presence of marijuana in almost 35 percent of trauma victims admitted to a major trauma center, with motor vehicle crashes accounting for about two-third of the patients studied. Younger patients had a higher rate of marijuana use, and alcohol was more characteristic of motor vehicle crash victims. Other studies examining drug use in trauma victims include Lindenbaum et al. ...
RSV usually causes mild respiratory illness, but it can be serious, especially in infants and older adults. RSV is the most common cause of bronchiolitis and pneumonia in children younger than 1 year of age. In the U.S., RSV infections generally occur during fall, winter, and spring.
Barbone and colleagues observed a significant increase in risk for motor vehicle crashes with use of benzodiazepines and zopiclone in this case-crossover study. A dose-response relation was seen. Analysis according to drug elimination half-life showed that anxiolytics with long half-lives were specifically associated with an increased occurrence of road traffic crashes. Surprisingly, risk associated with benzodiazepine use was highest among drivers , 30 years of age and decreased with advancing age. Among persons ≥ 65 years of age, no increase in risk was found. These results conflict with those of 2 epidemiologic studies that focused on the geriatric population (1, 2). In view of the widespread concerns about the harmful effects of long half-life benzodiazepines on the elderly, the results reported by Barbone and colleagues seem incongruous. There are several possible explanations for these findings, including insufficient statistical power to detect an increased risk in the elderly, reduced ...
The STATS19 system used by all police forces in Great Britain to report road accidents applies a 30-day criterion for recording deaths, so the official statistics for road accidents include not only those who died during or immediately after an accident but also those who died up to a month later. The actual date of death is not included in the STATS19 form, so TRL has recently carried out research to identify the date for those who are known to have died as a result of the road accidents that occurred in 1997. This report presents various detailed analyses of the survival time that were calculated from the data. The survival time distributions are compared with the distributions found in an earlier investigation of the fatal accidents in this country in 1985, and with the distributions from several other countries. A common feature of these distributions is that over 80 per cent of fatalities die within 24 hours of the accident, and this percentage has tended to rise over the years. The reasons ...
An individual worried about an automobile accident and who reports injuries may claim damages for any accidents assuming that they were not to blame the auto
When Colorado motorists witness or come upon a collision, many will stop to provide any assistance they can to those ... Fatal Motor Vehicle Accidents
Georgia Spine & Disc, is the only full service car automobile accidents treatment center in Woodstock. We provide, medical doctors on staff, chiropractic..
Clinical Review: Focused A Systematic Approach to Clinical Determinations of Causation in Symptomatic Spinal Disk Injury Following Motor Vehicle Crash Trauma Michael D. Freeman, PhD, MPH, DC, Christopher
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Crash test dummies. You probably dont think about them very much (if at all), but you may owe them much more than you realize when it comes to your health and safety on the nations roads. Automobile makers use crash test dummies-that is, inanimate, human-like mannequins-to simulate the type and scale of injury that may occur in an automobile accident. Car and truck manufacturers go to great lengths to design and build safe vehicles, and these full-scale anthropomorphic test devices or ADTs take a real beating day after day as they provide data regarding velocity of impact, crushing force, bending, folding, or torque of the body, as well as deceleration rates during test collisions.. U.S., car accidents kill more than 30,000 people each year and injure many more. However, manufacturers work continually to make cars safer and accidents more survivable through crash-testing programs. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, from 1994 to 2009, the fatality rate ...
After a car accident, there are many accusations that are flying around. Especially when nobody is admitting full liability - this is why it is always best to get in touch with a solicitor to discuss your circumstances. If you are being accused of something that you know is not true, visit this website to arrange a meeting with one of Brisbanes leading criminal defence team.. Road traffic accidents can cause a number of different injuries ranging from spinal injuries, head injuries, bruises, soft tissue injuries including tears, sprains and strains, fractures, psychological injuries, head and brain injuries and many others. The compensation amounts vary and will depend on the injuries you received. Click here for road traffic accident help.. ...
Car accidents kill over 40,000 people every year in the United States. In 2003, injuries from car accidents totaled almost 3 million. Some of the more serious injuries resulting from car accidents involve traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury, broken bones, and lacerations. Not only can these injuries cause severe pain and suffering, victims may also have to undergo significant rehabilitation. In some cases, car accident victims sustain permanent injuries. These injuries may affect an individuals ability to return to work and earn a living. Some victims of car accidents have a much lower quality of life due to impairment or disability.. Car accidents oftentimes involve the following:. ...
Synonyms for culpability in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for culpability. 11 synonyms for culpability: blame, responsibility, fault, liability, accountability, blame, fault, guilt, onus, blameworthiness, culpableness. What are synonyms for culpability?
Latent toxoplasmosis, protozoan parasitosis with prevalence rates from 20 to 60% in most populations, is known to impair reaction times in infected subjects, which results, for example, in a higher risk of traffic accidents in subjects with this life-long infection. Two recent studies have reported that RhD-positive subjects, especially RhD heterozygotes, are protected against latent toxoplasmosis-induced impairment of reaction times. In the present study we searched for increased incidence of traffic accidents and for protective effect of RhD positivity in 3890 military drivers. Male draftees who attended the Central Military Hospital in Prague for regular entrance psychological examinations between 2000 and 2003 were tested for Toxoplasma infection and RhD phenotype at the beginning of their 1 to1.5-year compulsory military service. Subsequently, the data on Toxoplasma infection and RhD phenotype were matched with those on traffic accidents from military police records and the effects of RhD phenotype
Cannabis Use and Motor Vehicle Accident Risk: Our primary analysis looked at the risk of a motor vehicle collision while under the influence of cannabis and included all nine studies (relating to 49 411 participants). The pooled risk of a motor vehicle collision while driving under the influence of cannabis was almost twice the risk while driving unimpaired (odds ratio 1.92 (95% confidence interval 1.35 to 2.73); P=0.0003); we noted heterogeneity among the individual study effects (I2=81%).
Road traffic accident claims crop up from collisions within the highways e.g. the motorway and road community. When youve been wounded in a very road traffic accident that wasnt your fault then you could possibly come up with a payment declare. You could have been injured as the driver or passenger of a motor vehicle. This might be your personal car or truck or another persons ...
Traffic safety inequity is not only a matter of underreporting: traffic collisions themselves disproportionately affect residents of color and low-income residents. Understanding this disparity, many cities have implemented Vision Zero initiatives that not only seek to gather more accurate and representative data, but also acknowledge existing inequalities and prioritize interventions in traditionally underserved communities. In low-income neighborhoods and communities of color, a history of inadequate public investment has resulted in unsafe infrastructure conditions and therefore more traffic collisions. Resolving these inequities requires examining how resources are distributed among neighborhoods and what land use patterns are contributing to traffic deaths. Look at the policies, practices and norms that have allowed these disparities to arise in the first place, said Elva Yanez, director of health equity at the Prevention Institute, a health non-profit seeking to advance the practice of ...
DETROIT (AP) - The U.S. governments road safety agency has added another fatality involving a Tesla to the list of crashes it is probing due to the use of partially automated driving systems.. A special crash investigation team was dispatched to a July 26 crash on the Long Island Expressway in New York in which a man was killed by a Tesla Model Y SUV, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration said on Friday.. The death brings to 10 the number of fatal crashes to which the agency has sent a team, nine of which involved Teslas. A total of 12 people were killed. The only fatal crash in which a Tesla wasnt involved was in March of 2018, when an autonomous Uber test vehicle ran down a pedestrian in Tempe, Arizona.. The New York crash is on an updated list of those under investigation by NHTSA that was released on Friday.. The New York Police Department said that early on July 26, a 52-year-old man was hit by a Tesla and killed while changing a flat tire on his vehicle, which was parked on ...

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