Viscera: Any of the large interior organs in any one of the three great cavities of the body, especially in the abdomen.Portal System: A system of vessels in which blood, after passing through one capillary bed, is conveyed through a second set of capillaries before it returns to the systemic circulation. It pertains especially to the hepatic portal system.Pneumoperitoneum: A condition with trapped gas or air in the PERITONEAL CAVITY, usually secondary to perforation of the internal organs such as the LUNG and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, or to recent surgery. Pneumoperitoneum may be purposely introduced to aid radiological examination.Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Splanchnic Circulation: The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS supplying the abdominal VISCERA.Abdominal Cavity: The region in the abdomen extending from the thoracic DIAPHRAGM to the plane of the superior pelvic aperture (pelvic inlet). The abdominal cavity contains the PERITONEUM and abdominal VISCERA, as well as the extraperitoneal space which includes the RETROPERITONEAL SPACE.Portal Vein: A short thick vein formed by union of the superior mesenteric vein and the splenic vein.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Ammonia: A colorless alkaline gas. It is formed in the body during decomposition of organic materials during a large number of metabolically important reactions. Note that the aqueous form of ammonia is referred to as AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE.Intestinal Perforation: Opening or penetration through the wall of the INTESTINES.Abdominal Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving organs in the abdominal cavity.Oncorhynchus: A genus of the family SALMONIDAE (salmons and trouts). They are named for their hooked (onco) nose (rhynchus). They are usually anadromous and occasionally inhabit freshwater. They can be found in North Pacific coastal areas from Japan to California and adjacent parts of the Arctic Ocean. Salmon and trout are popular game and food fish. Various species figure heavily in genetic, metabolism, and hormone research.Mesenteric Veins: Veins which return blood from the intestines; the inferior mesenteric vein empties into the splenic vein, the superior mesenteric vein joins the splenic vein to form the portal vein.Bivalvia: A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of mussels; clams; OYSTERS; COCKLES; and SCALLOPS. They are characterized by a bilaterally symmetrical hinged shell and a muscular foot used for burrowing and anchoring.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Digestive System Physiological Phenomena: Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.Urea: A compound formed in the liver from ammonia produced by the deamination of amino acids. It is the principal end product of protein catabolism and constitutes about one half of the total urinary solids.Abdominal Muscles: Muscles forming the ABDOMINAL WALL including RECTUS ABDOMINIS, external and internal oblique muscles, transversus abdominis, and quadratus abdominis. (from Stedman, 25th ed)Anisakis: A genus of nematodes of the superfamily ASCARIDOIDEA. Its organisms are found in the stomachs of marine animals and birds. Human infection occurs by ingestion of raw fish that contain larvae.Abomasum: The fourth stomach of ruminating animals. It is also called the "true" stomach. It is an elongated pear-shaped sac lying on the floor of the abdomen, on the right-hand side, and roughly between the seventh and twelfth ribs. It leads to the beginning of the small intestine. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical: Surgical shunt allowing direct passage of blood from an artery to a vein. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Hypogastric Plexus: A complex network of nerve fibers in the pelvic region. The hypogastric plexus distributes sympathetic fibers from the lumbar paravertebral ganglia and the aortic plexus, parasympathetic fibers from the pelvic nerve, and visceral afferents. The bilateral pelvic plexus is in its lateral extent.Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of animals.Liver Circulation: The circulation of BLOOD through the LIVER.Abdomen: That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Visceral Afferents: The sensory fibers innervating the viscera.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Digestive System: A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).Situs Inversus: A congenital abnormality in which organs in the THORAX and the ABDOMEN are opposite to their normal positions (situs solitus) due to lateral transposition. Normally the STOMACH and SPLEEN are on the left, LIVER on the right, the three-lobed right lung is on the right, and the two-lobed left lung on the left. Situs inversus has a familial pattern and has been associated with a number of genes related to microtubule-associated proteins.Amino Acids: Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.Sheep: Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Gastrointestinal Tract: Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).Food Preservation: Procedures or techniques used to keep food from spoiling.Fatty Acids, Volatile: Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Celiac Artery: The arterial trunk that arises from the abdominal aorta and after a short course divides into the left gastric, common hepatic and splenic arteries.Medicago sativa: A plant species of the family FABACEAE widely cultivated for ANIMAL FEED.Hernia, Diaphragmatic: Protrusion of abdominal structures into the THORAX as a result of congenital or traumatic defects in the respiratory DIAPHRAGM.Hepatic Veins: Veins which drain the liver.Rupture, Spontaneous: Tear or break of an organ, vessel or other soft part of the body, occurring in the absence of external force.Intestines: The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.Dietary Proteins: Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.Catheters, Indwelling: Catheters designed to be left within an organ or passage for an extended period of time.Vascular Access Devices: Devices to be inserted into veins or arteries for the purpose of carrying fluids into or from a peripheral or central vascular location. They may include component parts such as catheters, ports, reservoirs, and valves. They may be left in place temporarily for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes.Propionates: Derivatives of propionic acid. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxyethane structure.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Abdominal Wall: The outer margins of the ABDOMEN, extending from the osteocartilaginous thoracic cage to the PELVIS. Though its major part is muscular, the abdominal wall consists of at least seven layers: the SKIN, subcutaneous fat, deep FASCIA; ABDOMINAL MUSCLES, transversalis fascia, extraperitoneal fat, and the parietal PERITONEUM.Glutamine: A non-essential amino acid present abundantly throughout the body and is involved in many metabolic processes. It is synthesized from GLUTAMIC ACID and AMMONIA. It is the principal carrier of NITROGEN in the body and is an important energy source for many cells.Regional Blood Flow: The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Mechanoreceptors: Cells specialized to transduce mechanical stimuli and relay that information centrally in the nervous system. Mechanoreceptor cells include the INNER EAR hair cells, which mediate hearing and balance, and the various somatosensory receptors, often with non-neural accessory structures.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Stomach: An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.3-Hydroxybutyric Acid: BUTYRIC ACID substituted in the beta or 3 position. It is one of the ketone bodies produced in the liver.Hernia, Ventral: A hernia caused by weakness of the anterior ABDOMINAL WALL due to midline defects, previous incisions, or increased intra-abdominal pressure. Ventral hernias include UMBILICAL HERNIA, incisional, epigastric, and spigelian hernias.Amino Acids, Essential: Amino acids that are not synthesized by the human body in amounts sufficient to carry out physiological functions. They are obtained from dietary foodstuffs.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Lactates: Salts or esters of LACTIC ACID containing the general formula CH3CHOHCOOR.Laparotomy: Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Pelvis: The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.Physical Stimulation: Act of eliciting a response from a person or organism through physical contact.Afferent Pathways: Nerve structures through which impulses are conducted from a peripheral part toward a nerve center.Digestion: The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.Peritonitis: INFLAMMATION of the PERITONEUM lining the ABDOMINAL CAVITY as the result of infectious, autoimmune, or chemical processes. Primary peritonitis is due to infection of the PERITONEAL CAVITY via hematogenous or lymphatic spread and without intra-abdominal source. Secondary peritonitis arises from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY itself through RUPTURE or ABSCESS of intra-abdominal organs.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Absorption: The physical or physiological processes by which substances, tissue, cells, etc. take up or take in other substances or energy.Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Fish Diseases: Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).
  • The device is used to provide access therethrough and via an incision to the. (google.com)
  • The device is used to provide access therethrough and via an incision to the interior of a hollow anatomical structure such as a vessel, an organ or the like during surgery, especially minimally invasive surgery. (google.com)
  • Midline abdominal incision is one of the most common and versatile incisions for abdominal surgery because this allows access to nearly all of the organs in the abdomen and the retroperitoneum, if deemed necessary. (educationindex.com)
  • Upper Midline * Incision can be extended superiorly for processes or operations that involve the upper abdominal viscera or require additional exposure. (educationindex.com)
  • Incision should not penetrate the peritoneum otherwise any adhesion with the peritoneum may be and main purpose of open access technique is lost. (laparoscopyhospital.com)
  • The blunt tip gently moves aside internal viscera as it enters the bodyso after the initial incision there is no further cutting, just a gentle separation of the tissues that reunite post-procedure. (bio-medicine.org)
  • A collapsible disposable retainer device for insertion beneath an abdominal incision for temporarily retaining viscera inside the abdominal cavity of a patient during closure of an abdominal incision following surgery. (google.es)
  • Primary ExaminerAldrich F. Medbery Attorney, Agent, or FirmChernoff & Vilhauer {ABSTRACT A collapsible disposable retainer device for insertion beneath an abdominal incision for temporarily retaining viscera inside the abdominal cavity of a patient during closure of an abdominal incision following surgery. (google.es)
  • 1 DISPOSABLE VISCERAL RETAINER BACKGROUND OF THE lNVENTlON This invention relates to a collapsible disposable shield or retainer, sometimes known as a retractor device for insertion beneath an abdominal incision for temporarily retaining viscera inside the abdominal cavity of a patient during suturing of an abdominal incision following surgery. (google.es)
  • Thus, it would be advantageous to provide a retainer device which would both temporarily retain the intestines and other viscera while the abdominal incision is being closed and protect them from damage during suture. (google.es)
  • Heretofore a reusable piece of thick, flexible material, typically an oblong piece of latex rubber approximately 8 inches long, 4 inches wide and l/l6th of an inch in thickness with a center reinforcing piece, referred to as a fish in the surgical profession, has been placed between the abdominal incision and viscera during suture to minimize the aforementioned problems. (google.es)
  • Presently, it is considered a relative contraindication, because newer technology and advanced experience allow safe access to the thoracic or abdominal cavities with either an open technique or Veress needle insertion at a site remote from the previous incision. (blogs.com)
  • in many cases multiple small incisions are the only access necessary to perform complicated procedures that would otherwise require a large wound. (laparoscopyhospital.com)
  • This rigid attachment of the organ to the abdominal wall allows subsequent surgical procedures to be performed without large incisions and without constant surgical assistance to maintain proper access to the interior of the organ. (patents.com)
  • Being a Complete Compend of Anatomy, including the Anatomy of the Viscera, a Section of Surgical Anatomy, a Chapter on Dental Anatomy, Numerous Tables, and Adopting the Newer Nomenclature Designated the Basle Nomenclature, Commonly Called BNA. (annals.org)
  • Human Atlas of topographical, functional and clinical anatomy viscera. (springer.com)
  • At netterreference.com you can access the selected images and downloads as well as videos from Netter's 3-D Interactive Anatomy. (elsevier.com)
  • Whether the proposed procedure can be carried out is solely a function of the anatomy and the surgeon's experience when dealing with adhesions using minimal access techniques. (blogs.com)
  • Once the mesh is in place, it is important that the mesh serve as a barrier over the defect in order to restrict the lower viscera in the patient's abdomen from protruding through the defect. (google.de)
  • Rarely, it may Key words: Laparoscopic-assisted resection - Gastroin- manifest as an acute abdomen due to viscus strangulation, testinal hemorrhage - Jejunal leiomyoma requiring emergency surgery. (scribd.com)
  • While no criticism was expressed over the dissection of corpses in the context of education in medical schools, the same rights of access to the viscera of human beings were not taken to extend automatically to the general public. (jhu.edu)
  • This deals 1d6 points of Constitution damage as the parasite burrow s through viscera before attaching itself to the target's brain or spinal cord (or equivalent). (d20pfsrd.com)
  • 7. The access device of claim 6 , wherein a longitudinal length of the dilator is sufficiently long so that the distal tip of the needle body lies within the dilator at least when the needle is in the second position. (google.com)
  • Access to the distal aorta (and not merely a device and upper-genital-tract infection. (bigsurlandtrust.org)
  • This new access point may represent a safe, fast, and easy way to create pneumoperitoneum, as well as a promising alternative to Palmer's point in patients who are not candidates for classic midline entry. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • 2. The access device of claim 1 , wherein the needle comprises at least one tang engaging the track. (google.com)
  • 6. The access device of claim 1 , wherein the needle is configured to slide along at least a portion of the track between a first position and a second position, the second position being on a proximal side of the first position, the first locking mechanism inhibiting further proximal movement of the needle when the needle is in the second position. (google.com)
  • 8. The access device of claim 6 , wherein the first locking mechanism comprises a slot in the track, the slot being arranged perpendicular to the longitudinal axis and being configured to receive the at least one tang of the needle at least when the needle is in the second position. (google.com)
  • In World Laparoscopy Hospital, we have changed from the Veress needle access technique to what is referred to as the Scandinavian technique. (laparoscopyhospital.com)
  • Hollow viscus injuries (HVIs) are uncommon but potentially catastrophic condi-tions with high mortality and morbidity rates. (dovepress.com)
  • New technologies have improved the success and reproducibility of these single-access approaches, including the use of flexible laparoscopes, flexible instruments, and internal retractors. (springer.com)
  • Surgical access devices having wound closure features incorporated as part of the device are provided. (patents.com)
  • This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0). (mdpi.com)
  • Open access peer-reviewed scientific and medical journals. (dovepress.com)
  • Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields. (omicsonline.org)
  • After seeing benefit of open access technique many surgeons started using open access technique routinely in all their patients. (laparoscopyhospital.com)
  • This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0). (mdpi.com)
  • A new high-definition genome sequence of the sea cucumber provides molecular insights into its ability to regenerate, according to a new study publishing 12 October in the open access journal PLOS Biology by Xiaojun Zhang, Lina Sun, Hongsheng Yang and Jianhai Xiang, of the Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and colleagues. (phys.org)
  • This study aimed to purify and characterize one class of compound, the saponins, from the viscera of the Australian sea cucumber Holothuria lessoni . (mdpi.com)
  • AAAS login provides access to Science for AAAS members, and access to other journals in the Science family to users who have purchased individual subscriptions. (sciencemag.org)
  • As part of this control program, contact between the carcass and stationary parts of the viscera table, foot guards, any potentially unclean equipment on the kill floor ( e.g. high bench) or any other carcass shall be minimized prior to final carcass inspection. (gc.ca)
  • To explore bioactive polysaccharides from the byproducts of squid processing, a heteropolysaccharide, named SV2-1, was isolated from the viscera of squid Ommastrephes bartrami by autolysis, anion-exchange and gel-permeation chromatography and measured for its neuroprotective activity. (mdpi.com)
  • The iliac crest was positioned just below the table break, and the table was flexed mildly to maximize potential access to the L4-5 disc space. (thejns.org)
  • Lung tissue from pairs of animals, 1 with abscesses and another without, were collected from near one another on the viscera table to ensure that pairs of phenotypically extreme animals came from the same lot. (unl.edu)
  • But the Commission shows that access to medicines is a pandemic thought, irrespective of country income. (gadaika.ru)
  • From accessing medicines to thinker capital goods to treatment safety, PhRMA is doting to advancing openly policies that support innovative medical examination, fix up treatments and income licit results. (kramskoy.info)