A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.
Therapeutic approach tailoring therapy for genetically defined subgroups of patients.
Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
A specialty field of radiology concerned with diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative use of radioactive compounds in a pharmaceutical form.
System of herbal medicine practiced in Japan by both herbalists and practitioners of modern medicine. Kampo originated in China and is based on Chinese herbal medicine (MEDICINE, CHINESE TRADITIONAL).
The art and science of studying, performing research on, preventing, diagnosing, and treating disease, as well as the maintenance of health.
The study and practice of medicine by direct examination of the patient.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
The branch of medicine concerned with the evaluation and initial treatment of urgent and emergent medical problems, such as those caused by accidents, trauma, sudden illness, poisoning, or disasters. Emergency medical care can be provided at the hospital or at sites outside the medical facility.
A field of medicine concerned with developing and using strategies aimed at repair or replacement of damaged, diseased, or metabolically deficient organs, tissues, and cells via TISSUE ENGINEERING; CELL TRANSPLANTATION; and ARTIFICIAL ORGANS and BIOARTIFICIAL ORGANS and tissues.
Therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched some (PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES; DIET; ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.
The traditional Hindu system of medicine which is based on customs, beliefs, and practices of the Hindu culture. Ayurveda means "the science of Life": veda - science, ayur - life.
The discipline concerned with using the combination of conventional ALLOPATHIC MEDICINE and ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE to address the biological, psychological, social, and spiritual aspects of health and illness.
A medical discipline that is based on the philosophy that all body systems are interrelated and dependent upon one another for good health. This philosophy, developed in 1874 by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, recognizes the concept of "wellness" and the importance of treating illness within the context of the whole body. Special attention is placed on the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.
The field of medicine concerned with physical fitness and the diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained in exercise and sports activities.
Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.
Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.
A medical specialty concerned with the use of physical agents, mechanical apparatus, and manipulation in rehabilitating physically diseased or injured patients.
An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.
The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
Surgical shunt allowing direct passage of blood from an artery to a vein. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
Drugs considered essential to meet the health needs of a population as well as to control drug costs.
A branch of medicine concerned with the total health of the individual within the home environment and in the community, and with the application of comprehensive care to the prevention and treatment of illness in the entire community.
Medical specialty concerned with environmental factors that may impinge upon human disease, and development of methods for the detection, prevention, and control of environmentally related disease.
Medical practice or discipline that is based on the knowledge, cultures, and beliefs of the people of KOREA.
Use for general articles concerning medical education.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
A branch of medicine concerned with the role of socio-environmental factors in the occurrence, prevention and treatment of disease.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of SLEEP WAKE DISORDERS and their causes.
Catheters designed to be left within an organ or passage for an extended period of time.
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.
Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.
Devices to be inserted into veins or arteries for the purpose of carrying fluids into or from a peripheral or central vascular location. They may include component parts such as catheters, ports, reservoirs, and valves. They may be left in place temporarily for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
A medical specialty primarily concerned with prevention of disease (PRIMARY PREVENTION) and the promotion and preservation of health in the individual.
Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
The alterations of modes of medical practice, induced by the threat of liability, for the principal purposes of forestalling lawsuits by patients as well as providing good legal defense in the event that such lawsuits are instituted.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
A branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the oral and paraoral structures and the oral management of systemic diseases. (Hall, What is Oral Medicine, Anyway? Clinical Update: National Naval Dental Center, March 1991, p7-8)
Selection of a type of occupation or profession.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
Branch of medicine involved with management and organization of public health response to disasters and major events including the special health and medical needs of a community in a disaster.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
An occupation limited in scope to a subsection of a broader field.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the morphology, physiology, biochemistry, and pathology of reproduction in man and other animals, and on the biological, medical, and veterinary problems of fertility and lactation. It includes ovulation induction, diagnosis of infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss, and assisted reproductive technologies such as embryo transfer, in vitro fertilization, and intrafallopian transfer of zygotes. (From Infertility and Reproductive Medicine Clinics of North America, Foreword 1990; Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, Notice to Contributors, Jan 1979)
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Material prepared from plants.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.
Health as viewed from the perspective that humans and other organisms function as complete, integrated units rather than as aggregates of separate parts.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and management of nuclear medicine services.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
A system of therapeutics founded by Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), based on the Law of Similars where "like cures like". Diseases are treated by highly diluted substances that cause, in healthy persons, symptoms like those of the disease to be treated.
The interdisciplinary field concerned with the development and integration of behavioral and biomedical science, knowledge, and techniques relevant to health and illness and the application of this knowledge and these techniques to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation.
Medicines that can be sold legally without a DRUG PRESCRIPTION.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.
Facilities for the preparation and dispensing of drugs.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
The interactions between physician and patient.
Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM. It is especially concerned with diagnosis and treatment of diseases and defects of the lungs and bronchial tree.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
Undergraduate education programs for second- , third- , and fourth-year students in health sciences in which the students receive clinical training and experience in teaching hospitals or affiliated health centers.
The educational process of instructing.
The self administration of medication not prescribed by a physician or in a manner not directed by a physician.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.
A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
Those physicians who have completed the education requirements specified by the American Academy of Family Physicians.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
Traditional Arabic methods used in medicine in the ARAB WORLD.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
A branch of medicine which deals with sexually transmitted disease.
A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.
Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.
A drugless system of therapy, making use of physical forces such as air, light, water, heat, massage. Treatments are often diet- and nutrition-oriented with attention given to the patient's personal history and lifestyle. (From Cassileth, Alternative Medicine Handbook, 1998, p329)
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Compliance with a set of standards defined by non-governmental organizations. Certification is applied for by individuals on a voluntary basis and represents a professional status when achieved, e.g., certification for a medical specialty.
The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.
The expected function of a member of the medical profession.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
The effect of herbs, other PLANTS, or PLANT EXTRACTS on the activity, metabolism, or toxicity of drugs.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Women licensed to practice medicine.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.
Communication, in the sense of cross-fertilization of ideas, involving two or more academic disciplines (such as the disciplines that comprise the cross-disciplinary field of bioethics, including the health and biological sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences and law). Also includes problems in communication stemming from differences in patterns of language usage in different academic or medical disciplines.
Placement of an intravenous CATHETER in the subclavian, jugular, or other central vein.
A geographic location which has insufficient health resources (manpower and/or facilities) to meet the medical needs of the resident population.
The field of medicine concerned with understanding the biochemical basis of health and disease and involved in developing diagnostic and therapeutic methods that utilize MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques.
The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
The use of DRUGS to treat a DISEASE or its symptoms. One example is the use of ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS to treat CANCER.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.
Services providing pharmaceutic and therapeutic drug information and consultation.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
The branch of medicine concerned with the physiological and pathological aspects of the aged, including the clinical problems of senescence and senility.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.
Mystical, religious, or spiritual practices performed for health benefit.
Insertion of a catheter into a peripheral artery, vein, or airway for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
The vital life force in the body, supposedly able to be regulated by acupuncture. It corresponds roughly to the Greek pneuma, the Latin spiritus, and the ancient Indian prana. The concept of life-breath or vital energy was formulated as an indication of the awareness of man, originally directed externally toward nature or society but later turned inward to the self or life within. (From Comparison between Concepts of Life-Breath in East and West, 15th International Symposium on the Comparative History of Medicine - East and West, August 26-September 3, 1990, Shizuoka, Japan, pp. ix-x)
Those facilities which administer health services to individuals who do not require hospitalization or institutionalization.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The application of scientific knowledge or technology to the field of radiology. The applications center mostly around x-ray or radioisotopes for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes but the technological applications of any radiation or radiologic procedure is within the scope of radiologic technology.
The application of medical knowledge to questions of law.
The application of discoveries generated by laboratory research and preclinical studies to the development of clinical trials and studies in humans. A second area of translational research concerns enhancing the adoption of best practices.
Drugs whose drug name is not protected by a trademark. They may be manufactured by several companies.
Professional medical personnel approved to provide care to patients in a hospital.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.
The use of one's knowledge in a particular profession. It includes, in the case of the field of biomedicine, professional activities related to health care and the actual performance of the duties related to the provision of health care.
Stipends or grants-in-aid granted by foundations or institutions to individuals for study.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
Treatment of disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians. The placement varies with the disease being treated. It is sometimes used in conjunction with heat, moxibustion, acupressure, or electric stimulation.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with management and care of women during pregnancy, parturition, and the puerperium.
Restoration of human functions to the maximum degree possible in a person or persons suffering from disease or injury.
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
access-date=. (help). *^ "Latanoprost Drug Information, Professional". Drugs.com. Archived from the original on 2013-03-29. ... Saline, also known as saline solution, is a mixture of sodium chloride in water and has a number of uses in medicine.[1] ... This has been used in complementary and alternative medicine.[23]. Mechanism of action[edit]. Aerosol-Nebulized hypertonic ... "Nasal xylitol, from Clinical Practice of Alternative Medicine. Alonzo H. Jones, DO. Archived from the original on 8 May 2014. ...
"Workshop report: Access to clinical-trial data and transparency" (PDF). European Medicines Agency. Retrieved 14 April 2013.. ... PLOS Medicine (formerly styled PLoS Medicine)[1] is a peer-reviewed weekly medical journal covering the full spectrum of the ... "European Medicines Agency: Workshop on access to clinical trial data and transparency". UKRIO. 2012-12-18. Retrieved 2013-04-26 ... The PLOS Medicine Editors (1 January 2004). "Prescription for a Healthy Journal". PLOS Medicine. 1 (1): e22. doi:10.1371/ ...
"European Medicines Agency (EMA). Retrieved 2 May 2020.. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public ... "Access to Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIg) , National Blood Authority". www.blood.gov.au. Retrieved 14 November 2019.. ... It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the safest and most effective medicines needed in a ... "Access to Subcutaneous Immunoglobulin (SCIg) , National Blood Authority". www.blood.gov.au. Retrieved 14 November 2019.. ...
"An open access mandate for the National Institutes of Health". Open Medicine. 2 (2): e39-41. PMC 3090178. PMID 21602938 ... Public Access Policy[edit]. Main article: NIH Public Access Policy. In 2008 a Congressional mandate called for investigators ... The NIH Public Access Policy was the first public access mandate for a U.S. public funding agency.[29] ... "New England Journal of Medicine. 364 (6): 535-541. doi:10.1056/NEJMsa1008268. PMID 21306239.. ...
Campaign for Access to Essential Medicines. Retrieved 1 May 2014. Team Praescient. "UNICEF'S Mission to End Hunger: Leveraging ... "MSF: Nutriset patent impeding access to treatment of Severe Acute Malnutrition". Retrieved 8 Nov 2015. Diop el HI, Dossou NI, ... "MSF: Nutriset patent impeding access to treatment of Severe Acute Malnutrition" (PDF). ...
"Regressing or progressing: what next for the doctor/ patient relationship? Open Access". The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Vol. ... European Medicines Agency, Stakeholders and Communication Division (2015). Draft Work plan for the European Medicines Agency ... "Journal of Participatory Medicine. 1 (1): e1. ISSN 2152-7202.. *^ Robinson, James C. (December 2005). "Managed Consumerism In ... Topol, Eric (2015). The Patient Will See You Now: The Future of Medicine is in Your Hands. Basic Books. ISBN 978-0465054749.. ...
"Open Access Is Not for Scientists. It's for Patients. - Speaking of Medicine". 14 June 2012.. ... Brownstein CA, Brownstein JS, Williams DS, Wicks P, Heywood JA (October 2009). "The power of social networking in medicine". ... Wherever possible, PatientsLikeMe has a policy of publishing its research output in open access form, so that patients, ... clinicians, and researchers can easily access their scientific output.[33] Instruments and questionnaires developed on ...
"Jan Aushadhi : An Initiative of Government of India , Generic Medicine Campaign Improving Access to Medicines". janaushadhi.gov ... Generic Medicine [21] Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana' is a campaign launched by the Department of ... It envisages a "Slum Free India" with inclusive and equitable cities in which every citizen has access to basic civic ... Scholarship program to encourage students to take up research careers in the areas of basic sciences, engineering and medicine ...
access-date=. requires ,url=. (help). *^ a b page 157 in:. Elizabeth D Agabegi; Agabegi, Steven S. (2008). Step-Up to Medicine ... "Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 91 (6): 335-338. doi:10.1177/014107689809100618. PMC 1296785 . PMID 9771526.. ... Graves' disease". The New England Journal of Medicine. 358 (24): 2594-2605. doi:10.1056/NEJMcp0801880. ISSN 1533-4406. PMID ... Longo, Dan L.; Smith, Terry J.; Hegedüs, Laszlo (20 October 2016). "Graves' Disease". New England Journal of Medicine. 375 (16 ...
"Access to essential antileishmanial medicines and treatment". Retrieved 16 March 2014.. *^ a b c "Leprosy Today". Retrieved 16 ... The Transformation of Tropical and Global Medicine". Molecular Medicine. 20 (Suppl 1): S24-S30. ISSN 1076-1551. PMC 4374516 . ... "PLOS Medicine. 7 (5): e1000255. ISSN 1549-1676. PMC 2872649 . PMID 20502599. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000255.. ... Access to sanitation was associated with 15 percent lower odds of active trachoma and 33 percent lower odds of C. trachomatis ...
Slonim, Anthony; Pollack, Murray (2006). Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 130. ISBN ... "GasPak System" Archived 2009-09-28 at the Wayback Machine.. Accessed May 3, 2008. ...
Accessed 15 December 2010. *^ Leigh JP; Tancredi D; Jerant A; Kravitz RL (October 2010). "Physician wages across specialties: ... Medicine Diseases caused by biological agents Intensive care medicine Medicine Life support and management of critically ill ... Interdisciplinary sub-specialties of medicine, including *Occupational medicine - branch of clinical medicine that provides ... Internal Medicine Medicine Medical research Anatomy, Biochemistry, Embryology, Genetics, Pharmacology, Toxicology Care of ...
Open Access Emergency Medicine. 2013 (5): 29-32. doi:10.2147/OAEM.S39042.. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ... "Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine. 27 (3): 245-252. ISSN 1536-3724 ... American College of Sports Medicine (March 2009). "American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Progression models in ... access-date=. requires ,url=. (help). *^ "Thigh tourniquet, Roman, 199 BCE-500 CE". sciencemuseum.org.uk. July 2009. Retrieved ...
Accessed 9 August 2011. Mann, John Dixon (1908). Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. Taylor & Francis. pp. 208-13. Bowen, David A ... Accessed 2 August 2011. (2001). Front Line of Defense: The Role of Nurses in Preventing Sentinel Events. Joint Commission ... Accessed 9 August 2011. Archived 9 August 2011. Layton, Julia. "How does death by hanging work?". HowStuffWorks. ... Howell, M A; Guly, H R (1996). "Near hanging presenting to an accident and emergency department". Emergency Medicine Journal. ...
"Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine. 5: 257-265. doi:10.2147/OAJSM.S68932. PMC 4226445. PMID 25395872.. ... "Sports Medicine. 44 (2): 127-137. doi:10.1007/s40279-014-0259-6. PMC 4213388. PMID 25355187.. ... "Journal of Sports Science & Medicine. 13 (3): 702-737. PMC 4126312. PMID 25177202.. ...
access-date=. (help). *^ a b Blumenthal, Ivan (1 June 2001). "Carbon monoxide poisoning". J R Soc Med. The Royal Society of ... Medicine[edit]. See also: Carbon monoxide-releasing molecules. In biology, carbon monoxide is naturally produced by the action ... access-date=. (help). *^ Prockop LD, Chichkova RI (2007). "Carbon monoxide intoxication: an updated review". J Neurol Sci. 262 ... access-date=. (help). *^ "CO in packaged meat". Carbon Monoxide Kills Campaign. Archived from the original on September 26, ...
Access to Medicine Index, 2012 *^ a b Donald G McNeil Jr for The New York Times. 28 June 2010 The Drug Industry: ... a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Novartis Top 20 Products Annual Sales (Novartis Website), accessed 19 October 2013 ... In 2012, Novartis ranked 7th on the Access to Medicine Index,[18]:88 which "ranks companies on how readily they make their ... White House Access for Sale: Michael Cohen, Novartis and the bid to sell access to the Trump administration. Retrieved 21 ...
Accessed 2012-05-28. *^ Huillard d'Aignaux, J. N.; Cousens, S. N.; MacCario, J; Costagliola, D; Alpers, M. P.; Smith, P. G.; ... "Annals of Internal Medicine. 172 (9): 577-582. doi:10.7326/M20-0504. PMC 7081172. PMID 32150748.. ... Accessed 2012-05-28. *^ Smallpox Disease Overview Archived 2013-04-02 at the Wayback Machine, Centers for Disease Control and ... Accessed 2012-05-28. *^ Lauer, Stephen A.; Grantz, Kyra H.; Bi, Qifang; Jones, Forrest K.; Zheng, Qulu; Meredith, Hannah R.; ...
Page accessed January 21, 2007. Sources[edit]. *. Medicine portal. *. Ash, Major M.; Nelson, Stanley J. (2003). Wheeler's ... Page accessed April 1, 2007. *^ Cate, A. R. Ten, Oral Histology: Development, Structure, and Function, 5th ed. (Saint Louis: ... access into the pulp is frequently located centrally on the lingual surface between the incisal edge and the cingulum. At the ...
2015). Harrison's Principal of Internal Medicine, 19e. New York: NY: McGraw-Hill. pp. Ch 405 - via Access Medicine.. CS1 maint ... 2013). Pathophysiology of Disease: An Introduction to Clinical Medicine, Seventh Edition. New York, NY.: McGraw-Hill - via ... "The American Journal of Medicine. 120 (10): 880-885. doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2007.04.022. PMID 17904459.. ... is performed in the nuclear medicine department of a hospital or clinic. Radioiodine collects in the thyroid gland before being ...
Page accessed, June 7, 2016 *^ a b c d O'Brien, M (2003). "The Day I Died". BMJ (Review of TV show). 326 (7383): 288. doi: ... "Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine. 4: 9. doi:10.1186/1747-5341-4-9. PMC 2717997. PMID 19615065.. ... Sam Parnia M.D., Ph.D, is a British[1] associate professor of Medicine at the NYU Langone Medical Center where he is also ... Page accessed April 25, 2016 *^ Palchik Guillermo (2009). "Conference Report: The Nour Foundation Georgetown University & ...
Accessed on: December 15, 2006. *^ Harmening, D. (1999). Modern Blood Banking and Transfusion Practices (4th ed.). Philadelphia ... Tucker, Holly (2012). Blood Work: A Tale of Medicine and Murder in the Scientific Revolution. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978- ... "Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. 56 (3): 238-277. doi:10.1093/jhmas/56.3.238. PMID 11552401.. ... Starr, D (1998). Blood: An Epic History of Medicine and Commerce. Little, Brown and company. pp. 84-87. ISBN 0 316 91146 1. .. ...
access-date=. requires ,url=. (help). *↑ Marc R. Safran; Douglas B. McKeag; Steven P. Van Camp (1998). Sports Medicine. ... Yves Vanlandewijck; Walter Thompson (13 July 2011). Handbook of Sports Medicine and Science, The Paralympic Athlete. John Wiley ...
European Medicines Agency. Human Medicines Database. Zavesca (miglustat) Page Accessed 1 September 2014. "Drug Approval Package ... for the Public Library of Medicine. Miglustat on MedlinePlus Accessed 1 September 2014 Grabowski, GA (2012). "Gaucher disease ... European Medicines Agency 1 April 2003 Scientific discussion related to approval of Zavesca. UK Medicines Information. New ... U.S. National Library of Medicine. Medicine portal. ... Single and Steady State Oral Doses Accessed 1 September 2014 ...
Accessed 17 April 2021. "Prevymis: EPAR - Public assessment report" (PDF). European Medicines Agency. 17 January 2018. " ... U.S. National Library of Medicine. "Letermovir Injection". MedlinePlus. Medicine portal. ... "Prevymis: EPAR - Product Information" (PDF). European Medicines Agency. 1 February 2021. Letermovir Professional Drug Facts. ... and orphan drug status by the European Medicines Agency. It is now approved for prevention of CMV infection and disease in ...
U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM). Medicine portal. ... Accessed 2020-07-29. Maton A, Hopkins J, McLaughlin CW, Johnson ... "Feraccru EPAR". European Medicines Agency (EMA). Archived from the original on 23 November 2019. Retrieved 23 November 2019. ... Text was copied from this source which is © European Medicines Agency. Reproduction is authorized provided the source is ... "Feraccru 30mg hard capsules - Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC)". electronic medicines compendium (emc). 7 February ...
"Kevzara: EPAR - Product Information" (PDF). European Medicines Agency. 2017-09-26. Drugs.com: Sarilumab Monograph. Accessed ... U.S. National Library of Medicine. Medicine portal. ... received US FDA approval on 22 May 2017 and European Medicines ... "Kevzara: Authorisation details". European Medicines Agency. Retrieved 28 September 2017. "Sanofi and Regeneron Report Positive ...
"Adenuric: EPAR - Public Assessment Report" (PDF). European Medicines Agency. 2008-05-28. Teijin Febuxostat Story Page accessed ... U.S. National Library of Medicine. Medicine portal. ... required Takeda to conduct this safety study when the medicine ... "Drug Safety and Availability - FDA adds Boxed Warning for increased risk of death with gout medicine Uloric (febuxostat)". FDA ... "Adenuric". European Medicines Agency - Commission. 17 September 2018. Retrieved 26 February 2019. "Generic Uloric Availability ...
Accessed 2021-03-26. "Ioxaglic acid: List of nationally authorised medicinal products" (PDF). European Medicines Agency. 31 ...
Accessed 19 July 2017. "Zurampic: EPAR - Public assessment report" (PDF). European Medicines Agency. 9 March 2016. pp. 18-19, ... U.S. National Library of Medicine. Medicine portal. ... European Medicines Agency. 9 March 2016. p. 9. Dean L (2019). " ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Duzallo". European Medicines Agency. The European Union. Retrieved 2 October 2020. CS1 ... maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Zurampic: EPAR - Product Information" (PDF). European Medicines Agency. 6 July 2017. FDA ...
Find this book in the National Library of Medicine catalog. Public libraries by state. Alabama ... Contribute to the monthly Open Access reports. * Help disambiguate authors of scholarly papers ...
... including the fields of education and medicine, but also have a strong presence in the agricultural sector.[31] In general, ... Right to Internet access. *Right to property. *Right to public participation. *Right of reply ...
He intended to take a degree in medicine. The main requirements to obtain this, at the time, included demonstrating that he ( ... that numbers contained access to great hidden secrets. Certainty in religion could be discovered only through serious study of ... Between 1598 and 1604, Fludd studied medicine, chemistry and hermeticism on the European mainland following his graduation. His ... Fludd's application of his mystically inclined tripartite theory to his philosophies of medicine and science was best ...
AIDS Clinical Trials Group 320 Study Team". The New England Journal of Medicine. 337 (11): 725-33. doi:10.1056/ ... This caused prices to be raised and limited the number of people who could have access to this possibly life-saving drug.[15] ... Activists protested against this price because it made it harder for people to have access to the drug.[15] ... The New England Journal of Medicine. 337 (11): 734-9. doi:10.1056/nejm199709113371102. PMID 9287228.. ...
In developing nations, access to essential medicines is severely restricted by lack of resources and poverty. Traditional ... holistic medicine, natural medicine, unorthodox medicine, fringe medicine, unconventional medicine, and new age medicine are ... Complementary medicine (CM), complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), integrated medicine or integrative medicine (IM), ... Complementary or integrative medicine Complementary medicine (CM) or integrative medicine (IM) is when alternative medicine is ...
Access to further education abroad made Sâr part of a tiny elite in Cambodia.[39] He and the 21 other selected students sailed ... Cooperative stores selling goods like medicines, cloth, and kerosene were formed, providing goods imported from Vietnam.[176] ... He suffered from aortic stenosis and no longer had access to follow-up treatment for his earlier cancer.[391] A stroke left him ... Party members had better food,[276] with cadres sometimes having access to clandestine brothels.[277] Members of the Central ...
"Best of Show Award Winners Named at the Fifteenth International Molecular Medicine Tri-Conference" (Press release). Cambridge ... "Ingenuity Systems Unveils Early Access to Revolutionary New iReport" (Press release). Ingenuity Systems. September 29, 2011. ... Ingenuity announces early access to Ingenuity iReport 2012 - Ingenuity announces commercial availability of Ingenuity iReport ... wins Best New Product at Molecular Medicine 2009 - Sigma Aldrich launches Your Favorite Gene - Powered by Ingenuity 2009 - BD ...
... in Tomographic Imaging in Nuclear Medicine, Freedman GS, Editor. 1983, The Society of Nuclear Medicine: New York. pp. 142-153. ... In England, the NHS reference cost (2015-2016) for an adult outpatient PET scan is £798, and £242 for direct access services.[ ... "Journal of Nuclear Medicine. 45 (7): 1146-1154. PMID 15235060.. *^ Rudd JH; Warburton EA; Fryer TD; Jones HA; et al. (2002). " ... "Journal of Nuclear Medicine. 16 (3): 210-224. PMID 1113170.. *^ Sweet, W.H.; G.L. Brownell (1953). "Localization of brain ...
"The New England Journal of Medicine. 372 (25): 2423-27. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1500306. hdl:2328/35704. PMC 4547451. PMID 25950269. ... quick access to laboratory services, care for those infected, and proper disposal of the dead through cremation or burial.[1][7 ... "New England Journal of Medicine. 372 (25): 2423-27. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1500306. hdl:2328/35704. ISSN 0028-4793. PMC 4547451. ... Magill A (2013). Hunter's tropical medicine and emerging infectious diseases (9th ed.). New York: Saunders. p. 332. ISBN ...
"The American Journal of Medicine. 118 (12): 1340-1346. doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2005.01.059. PMID 16378774. Retrieved January 30, ... and the preferences of the surgeon cause the selection of one access route over the other.[13] Some tumors do not contain a ... There are two possible options for access to sphenoidal sinus including of endonosal approach (through the nostril) or ...
... a program called Access to Baby and Child Dentistry (ABCD) has helped increase access to dental services by providing dentists ... "New England Journal of Medicine. 368 (18): 1713-1722. doi:10.1056/NEJMsa1212321. ISSN 0028-4793. PMC 3701298. PMID 23635051.. ... Journal of Law and Medicine. 19 (2): 335-53. PMID 22320007. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 29, 2014. Retrieved ... A 2019 New England Journal of Medicine study found that the implementation of work requirements for Medicaid in Arkansas led to ...
The Woman in the Shaman's Body: Reclaiming the Feminine in Religion and Medicine. New York: Bantam. ... the Middle Paleolithic also saw an improvement of the tools themselves that allowed access to a wider variety and amount of ... priests and medicine men were relatively common and integral to religious life.[22] Additionally, it is also possible that ... Journal of environmental medicine. 13 (3): 143-147. doi:10.1080/13590840310001619338. Retrieved 2008-05-04.. ) ...
Painted Bhutanese Medicine Buddha mandala with the goddess Prajnaparamita in center, 19th century, Rubin Museum of Art ... According to the psychologist David Fontana, its symbolic nature can help one "to access progressively deeper levels of the ...
US$ 72) per semester, and provides access to several services, including cultural activities, childcare, refunds for many ... 3.4 Faculty of Medicine. *3.5 Faculty of Psychology. *3.6 Faculty of Social Sciences ...
Bill 97, Increasing Access to Qualified Health Professionals for Ontarians Act, was passed in 2008, requiring the College of ... Posted: 05/23/2011; Academic Medicine. 2011;86(5):559-564. Postgraduate Training Authorization Letter (PTAL) or "California ... Several organizations have put pressure on the government such as the Association For Access to Health Care Services, and ...
Access risks[edit]. Blood was drawn peripherally in a majority of patients, but a central line to jugular/subclavian/femoral ... Mahla RS (2016). "Stem cells application in regenerative medicine and disease threpeutics". International Journal of Cell ... Felfly, H; Haddad, GG (2014). "Hematopoietic stem cells: potential new applications for translational medicine". Journal of ... The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine. 48 (1): 237-43. doi:10.1016/j.ejrnm.2016.12.013.. ...
In medicine, this era brought innovations such as open-heart surgery and later stem cell therapy along with new medications and ... and Jacques Ellul to describe situations where it was not desirable to use very new technologies or those that required access ... Scientific advancement and the discovery of new concepts later allowed for powered flight and advancements in medicine, ... medicine, and computer science, and other fields have been made more complex, such as construction, transportation and ...
If a bad thing happens because of a surgery or medicine that a doctor gives, or because of a miscarriage, it is called a ... pro-choice groups like Planned Parenthood often try to improve people's access to things used to prevent pregnancy (called ... Fetal Medicine: Basic Science and Clinical Practice (Elsevier Health Sciences 1999), page 835. ... Doctors can also prescribe women medicines that can help the miscarriage finish without needing surgery. ...
To expand the access of the population to drugs, incentives have been offered for marketing generic products, which cost an ... Pre-hospital physicians have variable training in emergency care, with training backgrounds ranging from internal medicine to ... Hospital beds in the public sector were distributed as follows: surgery (21%), clinical medicine (30%), pediatrics (17%), ... In larger tertiary hospitals, the ED is divided into the main specialty areas, internal medicine, surgery, psychiatry, ...
"Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine. Retrieved 2014-08-06.. *^ 19 Jan 1951 - Warders witness daring escape from Pentridge ... where prisoners would be permitted access for one hour per day without coming into contact with each other. The panopticons ... "Scientists at the Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine have identified the body of Ned Kelly". ...
In the European Union, the profession of doctor of medicine is regulated. A profession is said to be regulated when access and ... Folk medicine may also be referred to as traditional medicine, alternative medicine, indigenous medicine, or natural medicine. ... Traditional medicine[edit]. Main article: Traditional medicine. Traditional medicine (also known as indigenous or folk medicine ... Early records on medicine have been discovered from ancient Egyptian medicine, Babylonian Medicine, Ayurvedic medicine (in the ...
This gave them access to firearms and made them militarily powerful. For example, over a decade, the Susquehannocks, who'd ... Weslager, C.A. Magic Medicines of the Indians. Signet, 1974. ASIN B001VIUW08. ... As the Delaware were not considered United States citizens, they had no access to the courts, and no way to enforce their ... The Lenape were largely a sedentary people who occupied campsites seasonally, which gave them relatively easy access to the ...
I just picked up "The Poisoner's Handbook: Murder and the Birth of Forensic Medicine in Jazz Age New York" by Deborah Blum, and ... I should be able to access these, otherwise the claim is essentially unsourced--172.150.247.132 23:52, 25 May 2006 (UTC) ...
"Institute of Medicine. 2009. Retrieved 5 September 2015.. *^ Blue, Laura (30 October 2012). "Smoke-Free Laws Are Saving Lives" ... Sen also pointed out the heavy costs that smoking inevitably imposes on every society which grants smokers unrestricted access ... The New England Journal of Medicine. 337 (15): 1052-7. doi:10.1056/NEJM199710093371506. hdl:1765/59780. PMID 9321534.. ... "Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 162 (5): 477-83. doi:10.1001/archpedi.162.5.477. PMC 2948204. PMID 18458195.. ...
HWLA helped narrow the large gap in access to health care among low-income populations by extending health care insurance to ... three teaching and research hospitals affiliated with the Keck School of Medicine of USC and David Geffen School of Medicine at ... as well as access to hospital-based inpatient and outpatient services.[14] It is a county implementation of the state Low ... to increase access to primary, dental, and specialty care services, and to develop Community Partners for the provision of ...
The medicine for the elderly unit, which was built in 2001 and has been retained from the Southern General Hospital,[29] is ... With patient drop-off zones, access to bus services serving the city and its suburbs, a boardwalk connecting the adult and ... The retained buildings include the Maternity Unit, the Institute of Neurological Sciences, the Langlands Unit for medicine of ... emergency care and even a rapid access lift from the emergency helicopter pad on the roof of the adult hospital. For example, ...
It would later acquire colleges of medicine, dentistry, optometry, veterinary medicine, commerce, and journalism in subsequent ... Ohio State also administers two large-scale scholarship programs to ensure access to the university to high-ability students ... Medicine, Optometry, Pharmacy, and Veterinary Medicine. Its purpose is to act as a liaison between these students and the ... The Ohio State College of Medicine is on the southern edge of the central campus. It is home to the James Cancer Hospital, a ...
McCarney R, Fisher P, Spink F, Flint G, van Haselen R. (2002). Can homeopaths detect homeopathic medicines by dowsing? A ... FIX ME (could not access entire article) Claudia Sandlin (1989-11-30). "Divining Ways; Dowsers Use Ancient Art in Many Kinds of ... Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 95: 189-191.. *^ GWUP-Psi-Tests 2004: Keine Million Dollar für PSI-Fähigkeiten ...
"IEEE Access. 4: 959-979. doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2016.2521727.. *^ New Health Hazard:Hackable Medical Implants. MSNBC.com's ... Steven Nissen of the Cleveland Clinic, published in the Archives of Internal Medicine, showed that most medical devices ... In the UK, for example, the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) acts as a CA. In Italy it is the ... Zuckerman, Diana (2011), "Medical Device Recalls and the FDA Approval Process", Archives of Internal Medicine, 171 (11): 1006- ...
"Chemistry: Principles, Patterns, and Applications with Student Access Kit for Mastering General Chemistry (1st ed.). Prentice ... "The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine. 29 (3): 248-62. PMC 2603856. PMID 13409924.. ... Markovchick, Vincent J. & Pons, Peter T. (2003). Emergency medicine secrets. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 223. ISBN 978-1-56053 ... "Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, United States National Academies. 11 February 2004. Archived from the original ...
Better access to generic medicines. Dr Margaret Chan. Director-General of the World Health Organization. Opening remarks at a ... Improving access to medicines is a fundamental, feasible way to improve equity and distribute the benefits of progress more ... By again focusing these technical discussions on access to medicines, we are standing on a common ground in the mandates and ... Many of these patients will require long-term, if not life-long, access to medicines. ...
... New medicines are an integral part of our health care system and can help patients live longer, healthier ... Learn more about access to medicines in the United States, as well as the Medicine Assistance Tool which helps those struggling ... Overview Access to Medicines Overview Insurance Coverage Medicare Patient Assistance Medicaid 340B Drug Pricing Program ... Patient access to the medicines they need is critical both for individuals and for our health care system more broadly. In the ...
We believe all people have the right to access affordable, life-s ... Initiative for Medicines, Access & Knowledge. New York, CA. , ... We believe all people have the right to access affordable, life-saving medicines. ...
Nature Medicine is making the data availability statement in our papers more prominent and its language more transparent. ... To facilitate access to and improve the discoverability of the data in our papers, ... Clarifying access to data. Nature Medicine volume 24, page1293(2018)Cite this article ... To facilitate access to and improve the discoverability of the data in our papers, Nature Medicine is making the data ...
The definitive guide to the multidisciplinary specialty of pharmaceutical medicine, encompassing scientific, medical and ... Publishing open access in this journal. Pharmaceutical Medicine is a hybrid open access journal. Once accepted, authors can ... To publish open access in Pharmaceutical Medicine, authors are required to pay an article-processing charge. ... Benefits of open access. Publishing open access offers a number of benefits, including greater reach and readership for your ...
... one fourth of the worlds population lacks access to essential medicines. In the poorest parts of Africa and Asia this figure ... The aims of MSFs Access Campaign are to:. * push for price cuts to medicines, vaccines, and diagnostic tests by stimulating ... Support MSFs work on access to medicines and other medical issues. * Share this to help raise awareness. ... Today, one fourth of the worlds population lacks access to essential medicines. In the poorest parts of Africa and Asia this ...
The Australian Government will help thousands of Australians to access newly subsidised medicines on the Pharmaceutical ... Providing Better Access to Medicines The Australian Government will help thousands of Australians to access newly subsidised ... PDF printable version of Providing Better Access to Medicines (PDF 26 KB) 12 May 2009. The Government will spend more than $8.2 ... To maintain the sustainability of the PBS so that all Australians can have access to essential affordable medicines, the ...
... former Executive Director of the Medicines Patent Pool, offer their views on access to medicines and the challenges that lie ... The UN High-Level Panel on Access to Medicines and the Lancet Commission on Essential Medicines have called for R&D to be de- ... The UN High-Level Panel on Access to Medicines and the Lancet Commission on Essential Medicines have called for R&D to be de- ... in January 2017 to launch the Access Accelerated partnership to tackle access barriers to NCD medicines in low and lower middle ...
... according to the Access to Medicine Foundation and others. Image via Access to Medicine Foundation Disturbingly, 1 billion ... At least 2 billion people dont have access to medicines they need, ... At least 2 billion people dont have access to medicines they need, according to the Access to Medicine Foundation and others. ... as a companys conduct impacts access to medicine. There are relatively low scores in this area. The Access to Medicine report ...
Therefore, the government here needs to take necessary steps to improve access to medicines as a basic necessity for sustaining ... While in India cancer patients access to medicines is ensured through cheaper generics made possible under compulsory license ... and other chronic diseases depend on access to medicines.. But here is something very interesting happening in Khyber ... In case of Bayer-s nexavar compulsory licence (CL), the company tried to avoid issuance of CL by showing its access window for ...
To ensure access to affordable medicines, particularly in developing countries, is one of the great challenges faced by the ... books.google.com/books/about/Access_to_Affordable_Medicines.html?id=mGdYkZb1C0wC&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareAccess to Affordable ... Access to Affordable Medicines: Developing Responses under the TRIPS Agreement and EC Law. Volume 25 of Europainstitut ... Access to Affordable Medicines: Developing Responses under the TRIPS .... Katharina Gamharter. No preview available - 2011. ...
DOAJ is an online directory that indexes and provides access to quality open access, peer-reviewed journals. ... Information about the open-access journal Veterinary Medicine International in DOAJ. ...
... medicines and products, access to quality affordable services such as health care and the exercise of democratic decision- ... Fighting "trade" pact threats to affordable, accessible medicines. Big Pharma has hijacked "trade" agreements like the North ... This would have locked the United States into our bad policies that keep these medicines, including critical cancer treatments ... agreements that provide special powers for Big Pharma to raise medicine prices, promote the outsourcing of jobs to low-wage ...
A lack of national standards and less than optimal oversight of many inpatient, opioid addiction rehabilitation programs is raising questions about the level of services, personnel, and quality of care many patients are receiving. ...
One third of the world lacks access to essential medicines ... MSF Access Campaign. In response to the need for better ... The aims of MSF Access Campaign are to:. *push for price cuts to medicines, vaccines and diagnostic tests by stimulating the ... As a medical humanitarian organisation, it is fundamentally unacceptable that access to essential medicines is increasingly ... One third of the world does not have access to essential medicines. ...
UN secretary-generals high-level panel on access to medicines. Promoting innovation and access to health technologies. United ... the United Nations high level panel on access to medicines issued a report on promoting innovation and access to health ... Right idea, wrong result-Canadas access to medicines regime. Am J Law Med2008;34:567-84. doi:10.1177/009885880803400404 pmid: ... TRIPS, pharmaceutical patents, and access to essential medicines: a long way from Seattle to Doha. Chic J Int Law2002;3:27-46. ...
Inequities in access to medicines reflect failures in health systems and medicines policy. Access to essential medicines ... 7.2 FACTORS INFLUENCING ACCESS TO MEDICINES. Lack of access to medicines is symptomatic of wider problems relating to the way ... Chapter 7. Access to essential medicines. SUMMARY. • Although the percentage of the worlds population without access to ... Table 7.2 illustrates access in relation to population size.. TABLE 7.2 Number of people without access to essential medicines ...
... provides insights into how plans in the health insurance exchanges and employer plans cover Rheumatoid Arthritis medicines. ... Access Better Coverage educates consumers about the ABCs of health coverage and access to medicines. ... From accessing medicines to intellectual property to drug safety, PhRMA is devoted to advancing public policies that support ... lives through the discovery and development of new medicines and treatments. ...
The United Nations Secretary-Generals High-Level Panel on Access to Medicines hosted the first of two Global Dialogues in ... to discuss the solutions and barriers to increasing access to medicines, vaccines and diagnostics and promoting innovation in ... and alternative sources for R&D financing could be utilised to increase access to medicines without jeopardising innovation. ... participants openly analysed issues such as the tensions between intellectual property laws and access to medicines. ...
DOAJ is an online directory that indexes and provides access to quality open access, peer-reviewed journals. ... Information about the open-access journal Italian Journal of Medicine in DOAJ. ... Italian Journal of Medicine. ITJM, Ital J Med 1877-9344 (Print); 1877-9352 (Online) ...
... sports medicine, wound care, and toxicology. Emergency Medicine International Table of Content ... Open Access journal that provides a forum for doctors, nurses, paramedics and ambulance staff. The journal publishes original ... To receive news and publication updates for Emergency Medicine International, enter your email address in the box below. ... Direct-Acting Oral Anticoagulants: Practical Considerations for Emergency Medicine Physicians, W. Frank Peacock, Zubaid Rafique ...
Open Access journal that publishes original research articles and review articles in all areas of veterinary research. The ... Veterinary Medicine International is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles and review ... It operates a fully open access publishing model which allows open global access to its published content. This model is ... Veterinary Medicine International is included in many leading abstracting and indexing databases. For a complete list, click ...
Maintain national medicines policies and essential medicines lists as the backbone of action to improve access, supported by ... Action to encourage more appropriate medicines use, especially of antimicrobials; d)‎ Better monitoring of access to medicines ... Access to medicines has been a Flagship Priority for the WHO South-East Asia Region since 2014. An earlier version of the ... Access to medicines is at the core of universal health coverage and the Sustainable Development Goals. Despite progress over ...
... that eligible patients in evolving healthcare systems can have access to our innovative and potentially life-saving medicines, ... Through our Access to Medicines strategy, we are expanding on our existing commitments to enhance global health so ... Addressing Barriers to Access by Going Beyond Medicines Affordability, and the provision of medicines, are not the only access ... Access to Medicines Suppliers Sustainable Procurement Supplier Code of Conduct Supplier Diversity Pharmaceutical Supply Chain ...
Access to medicines. International standards & introductory material on access to medicines: click here ... argue Asia-Pacific trade agreement likely to have adverse impact on labour rights, access to medicines, food & healthcare, if ...
... access to non-communicable disease medicines in the developing world based on a systematic analysis of obstacles to access and ... A Framework for Understanding Obstacles to NCD Medicine Access. Obstacles to access to NCD medicines can arise at and need to ... Since NCD medicines offer substantial public health gains, access to medicines is a critical component of NCD care. ... Schemes to provide medicines to developing countries at differential prices, which are critical to maintaining access to anti- ...
... access to non-communicable disease medicines in the developing world based on a systematic analysis of obstacles to access and ... Improving Access to Medicines for Non-Communicable Diseases in the Developing World. by Soeren Mattke, Marla C. Haims, Nono ... The authors provide a framework for understanding the obstacles to access for NCD medicines, review specific issues to be ... Improving Access to Medicines for Non-Communicable Diseases in the Developing World, Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND Corporation, OP ...
DOAJ is an online directory that indexes and provides access to quality open access, peer-reviewed journals. ... Information about the open-access journal African Journal of Emergency Medicine in DOAJ. ... LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Medicine (General) Publishers keywords: Emergency Medicine, Africa, trauma care, paediatrics, ...
Current Genetic Medicine Reports offers review articles on the most significant recent developments in the field, including ... Medicine - Internal Medicine , Current Genetic Medicine Reports - incl. option to publish open access ... In order to give people of all abilities and disabilities access to the content of your figures, please make sure that. ... In order to give people of all abilities and disabilities access to the content of your supplementary files, please make sure ...
... complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) or, increasingly, integrative medicine, there is a certain narrative. Its a ... So how do we reclaim these things for real medicine? When I talk with people about "evil western medicine," I note the last 3 ... in access and usage to these treatments, just as though they were legitimate science-based medicine. ... Thats what medicine is for. Its what we do, or at least try to do, as health care providers. They dont expect to have no ...
  • The past decade brought remarkable gains for health, largely through the scaled-up delivery of commodities, including medicines and vaccines. (who.int)
  • In response to the need for better treatments, vaccines and diagnostic tests, MSF set up its Access Campaign in 1999 to improve care for patients. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
  • push for price cuts to medicines, vaccines, and diagnostic tests by stimulating the production of more affordable generic products. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
  • In part, this is thanks to innovation in vaccines and to medicines reaching increasing numbers of patients. (wipo.int)
  • Access to affordable medicines and vaccines is essential for both universal health coverage and meeting the sustainable development goals. (bmj.com)
  • Hundreds of people from around the world joined online and in-person - from industry, government, civil society groups, multilateral organisations and academia - to discuss the solutions and barriers to increasing access to medicines, vaccines and diagnostics and promoting innovation in health technologies. (news24.com)
  • Recognizing that communicable diseases and neglected tropical diseases also place a disproportionate burden on patients in countries with evolving healthcare systems, we are supporting the development of new medicines and vaccines to address these diseases through non-profit, public-private partnerships, as well as through our Vaccines Business Unit. (takeda.com)
  • GENEVA (Reuters) - A key contender to head the World Trade Organization told Reuters on Tuesday she thinks the body should play a role in helping poorer countries access COVID-19 drugs and vaccines, and this topic should be part of negotiations if she wins. (reuters.com)
  • In 2018 our teams brought quality, lifesaving care to the patients who need it most, and advocated for greater access to drugs, vaccines, and diagnostics. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
  • We set up the MSF Access Campaign in 1999 to push for access to, and the development of, life-saving and life-prolonging medicines, diagnostic tests and vaccines for people in our programmes and beyond. (msf.org)
  • The Index reports that every year, more than six million people in low- to middle-income countries die because the vaccines, medicines and diagnostic tests that they need are either ineffective or do not exist. (mmv.org)
  • 1. Priority R&D is conducted for specific medicines, vaccines, diagnostic tests or other products needed as a priority by people living in low- and middle-in-come countries, as identified by the global health community. (mmv.org)
  • Mercosur: acuerdan reducción en 70% de fármaco clave en trasplantes"- 24 de noviembre de 2018. (business-humanrights.org)
  • Basel, November 20, 2018 - Novartis ranked second in the 2018 Access to Medicine Index (ATMi), up from 3rd place in 2016, in recognition of its long-standing efforts to improve worldwide access to healthcare. (novartis.com)
  • The 2018 Access to Medicine Index [2] launched this week highlights the importance of collaboration in stimulating priority research and development, 1 as exemplified in the areas of malaria among four other diseases. (mmv.org)
  • The 2018 Index analysed how 20 of the world's largest pharmaceutical companies are addressing access to medicines in 106 countries for 77 diseases, conditions and pathogens. (mmv.org)
  • Bad Medicine: How a Political Agenda is Undermining Abortion Care and Access , a 2018 report by the National Partnership for Women & Families, documents this trend. (nationalpartnership.org)
  • In 2018, the well-respected, nonpartisan National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine released a definitive report making clear the harms that medically unnecessary abortion restrictions cause to women around the country. (nationalpartnership.org)
  • Learn more about access to medicines in the United States, as well as the Medicine Assistance Tool which helps those struggling to afford their medicines find and learn about various programs that may be available to make prescription medicines more affordable for them, their loved ones or their patients. (phrma.org)
  • We believe all people have the right to access affordable, life-saving medicines. (idealist.org)
  • To maintain the sustainability of the PBS so that all Australians can have access to essential affordable medicines, the Government is implementing two initiatives. (health.gov.au)
  • books.google.com - To ensure access to affordable medicines, particularly in developing countries, is one of the great challenges faced by the international community. (google.com)
  • Global Trade Watch's mission is to ensure that in this era of globalization, a majority have the opportunity to enjoy economic security, a healthy environment, safe food, medicines and products, access to quality affordable services such as health care and the exercise of democratic decision-making about the matters that affect our lives. (citizen.org)
  • WHO's ongoing World Medicines Survey asks a local medicines expert in each country to estimate the percentage of the population who have access to a minimum list of 20 essential medicines, which are continuously available and affordable at a health facility or medicines outlet, within one hour's walk from the patients' home. (who.int)
  • As health needs in the Region evolve, Member States face increasing challenges in ensuring equitable access to a growing range of quality essential medicines at affordable prices. (who.int)
  • On 13 September 2017, at the 67th session of the WHO Regional Committee for Europe held in Budapest, Hungary, countries adopted a decision to strengthen collaboration to improve access to quality, affordable medicines. (who.int)
  • that is, medicine prices which are affordable for health systems and patients, and that at the same time provide sufficient market incentive for industry to invest in innovation and the production of medicines. (who.int)
  • It is argued that competition is necessary to lower drug prices and improve access to affordable medications. (wikipedia.org)
  • The coalition will partner with countries to help them achieve the World Health Organization target of 80 percent availability of affordable technologies and essential medicines, including generics, required to treat NCDs in both public and private facilities. (path.org)
  • Medicines and technologies for chronic diseases are less available and less affordable for people in low-resource countries,' said Steve Davis, PATH president and CEO. (path.org)
  • A new research study published recently in The Lancet set out to investigate how available and affordable common diabetes medicines like insulin and metformin are in different parts of the world. (diabetesdaily.com)
  • The medication was considered to be affordable when "the cost of medicines was less than 20% of capacity-to-pay (the household income minus food expenditure). (diabetesdaily.com)
  • The aim is to make medicines affordable for everyone in South Africa, in an attempt to improve the overall health of the nation. (fightingmalaria.org)
  • The report stresses that "[e]ssential technologies and medicines have to be available and affordable. (ip-watch.org)
  • Target 9 recommends that a country ensure "an 80% availability of the affordable basic technologies and essential medicines, including generics, required to treat major noncommunicable diseases in both public and private facilities. (ip-watch.org)
  • The Legal Network joined organizations across North America to call for a re-negotiated NAFTA to protect access to affordable medicine. (aidslaw.ca)
  • The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) mandates that health insurance plans include sufficient access to behavioral health providers, but lacks specific guidelines to define sufficient access . (annfammed.org)
  • Our study examines access to outpatient behavioral health care in 1 major metropolitan area after implementation of the Affordable Care Act. (annfammed.org)
  • Despite the provisions of the Affordable Care Act, access to behavioral health care remains limited for private insurance holders. (annfammed.org)
  • It can be said that India has made medicine affordable to thousands and thousands of people across the world. (centad.org)
  • Health officials could purchase lower-priced generic medicines without having to consider the patent status. (who.int)
  • Under Andean Community law, the declaration opens the door to competition of generic medicines with patented brand-name drugs, through use of an internationally recognized legal mechanism called compulsory licensing. (essentialaction.org)
  • Over the last ten years, competition of generic medicines with branded medicines has fueled a revolution in HIV/AIDS treatment. (essentialaction.org)
  • As compulsory licenses open markets to competition, they also help generate the necessary economies of scale to further reduce costs, and incentivize the broader reach of generic medicines. (essentialaction.org)
  • By issuing a compulsory license, a government can authorize competition with patented products, including the importation, domestic production, distribution and/or sale of generic medicines. (essentialaction.org)
  • A new study published in the Journal of Generic Medicines suggests that this may be harming Jordanians' access to medicines due to a delay in the introduction of generic medicines into the market. (nature.com)
  • For this, the price control of all generic medicines in the National List of Essential Medicines should be brought under therapeutic class rather than individual drugs. (centad.org)
  • Lack of access is particularly concentrated in Africa and India. (who.int)
  • This comprehensive approach is focused on countries with less developed and evolving healthcare systems in areas such as Latin America, South East Asia and Africa, where sustainable approaches to tackle barriers that limit access to medicines are needed to make a meaningful impact on patients' lives. (takeda.com)
  • Africa is the least well served continent for access to analgesia. (idpc.net)
  • Part of the challenge in providing medicine to Africa was highlighted by former U.S. President Bill Clinton at a meeting of the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations on February 23, 2009. (wikipedia.org)
  • Small Island Developing States (SIDS) of the WHO Africa Region discussed Pooled Procurement Programme to reduce costs and improve access to quality medicines during a First Technical Meeting held in Mauritius from 16 to 18 July 2019. (who.int)
  • In some of the lowest-income countries in Africa and Asia, more than half of the populations have no regular access to essential medicines. (who.int)
  • MSH reports that 82 percent of people in sub-Saharan Africa seek health care and medicines from retail drug shops -- even though the people staffing them often have little knowledge or training. (msh.org)
  • Visit Medicine Movers to see stories and videos from Ethiopia, Kenya, and South Africa, in conjunction with the Devex and MSH #Access2meds series. (msh.org)
  • We agree, and in September 2016, the United Nations high level panel on access to medicines issued a report on promoting innovation and access to health technologies. (bmj.com)
  • Neurobehavioral HIV Medicine ceased publishing in November 2016. (dovepress.com)
  • Of the orphan medicines (those used to treat rare diseases) licensed by the EMA between 2001 and 2016, 47 per cent are reimbursed for routine use in England, compared to 81 per cent in France, and 93 per cent in Germany. (hsj.co.uk)
  • The Global Strategy and Plan of Action on Public Health, Innovation and Intellectual Property specifically calls for access to user-friendly global databases which contain public information on the administrative status of health-related patents. (who.int)
  • From accessing medicines to intellectual property to drug safety, PhRMA is devoted to advancing public policies that support innovative medical research, improve treatments and yield real results. (phrma.org)
  • Against this backdrop, the issues of access to medicines and intellectual property (IP) have become hotly contested topics. (wipo.int)
  • In my view, the delinkage debate focuses too narrowly on intellectual property and fails to address the multi-faceted and complex issues that prevent so many people from accessing the medicines they need. (wipo.int)
  • However, as innovations of medicines are owned by companies, it is important to recognise that improving access to them is intertwined with international trade laws and intellectual property rights. (bmj.com)
  • They include a target for increasing access to medicines using the flexibilities to protect public health in the major international trade agreement that underpins intellectual property rights-namely, the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). (bmj.com)
  • The Panel was convened in November 2015 by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to address the policy incoherence between intellectual property laws and access to health. (news24.com)
  • With representation from the private and public sectors, as well as from civil society, participants openly analysed issues such as the tensions between intellectual property laws and access to medicines. (news24.com)
  • Okonjo-Iweala, one of two African candidates in the second of three rounds, says she is discussing with members the options for using WTO intellectual property rules to get special licences to deliver COVID-19 medicines to poorer countries. (reuters.com)
  • On Monday October 5 I wrote you about Ecuador's plans to expand access to medicines by issuing compulsory licenses, and about President Correa's vision for intellectual property "as a mechanism for development for the people" (see my post at the bottom of this email for a reminder and an excerpt of President Correa's comments). (essentialaction.org)
  • The declaration follows public pronouncements by President Correa articulating a vision of intellectual property as "a mechanism for development for the people," and is an important step toward access to medicines for all. (essentialaction.org)
  • Reasonable access to medicines can be in conflict with intellectual property and free markets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Second, it considers the tension between intellectual property rights applied to medicines and States' observance of the fundamental right to health. (ssrn.com)
  • Third, it examines the case of access to medicines for the treatment of Hepatitis C, illustrating the barriers to access created by intellectual property and the high prices normally associated with its exercise. (ssrn.com)
  • The conflict has largely revolved around the implementation of an intellectual property system in the developing world, subsequent the adaptation of the TRIPS Agreement, which has made a 20 year pharmaceutical patent protection mandatory for these countries and consequently contributed to high drug prices for patented medicines as well as limited the use of generic drugs. (diva-portal.org)
  • By the terms of this paragraph, the Assembly reaffirmed the right to use the provisions contained in the World Trade Organization Agreement on Trade‑Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, which provides flexibilities for the protection of public health and promotes access to medicines for all. (un.org)
  • The Assembly also reaffirmed the right to use the provisions contained in the Doha Declaration on the Agreement and Public Health, which recognizes that intellectual property protection is important for the development of new medicines and also recognizes the concerns about its effects on prices. (un.org)
  • The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and the research-based pharmaceutical industry today launched a new partnership to promote the accessibility of patent information for health agencies tasked with procurement of medicines. (wipo.int)
  • By again focusing these technical discussions on access to medicines, we are standing on a common ground in the mandates and expertise of our three agencies that empowers us to address one of the most pressing issues in public health today. (who.int)
  • Public health needs innovation, and it needs access to good quality medical products. (who.int)
  • New medicines are an integral part of our health care system and can help patients live longer, healthier lives. (phrma.org)
  • Patient access to the medicines they need is critical both for individuals and for our health care system more broadly. (phrma.org)
  • In the United States, patients can access medicines a number of ways, including through employer-sponsored health plan, a health insurance exchange plan or a program like Medicare or Medicaid. (phrma.org)
  • Sharing of research data is a condition for publication in Nature Research journals , including Nature Medicine , and for receiving grants from many funding agencies, including the US National Science Foundation, the US National Institutes of Health, the Wellcome Trust, Research Councils UK and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. (nature.com)
  • Many of our member companies, operating on a global basis, have programmes in place to support access to medicines in countries where health services are still poor and many companies have established private-public health partnerships in association with Governments across the developing world to secure universal access to healthcare for all. (abpi.org.uk)
  • Moving beyond the supply of medicines in developing countries, pharmaceutical companies are providing training for health workers, education programmes, logistical infrastructure and research into neglected diseases as part of wider strategies supporting poorer countries. (abpi.org.uk)
  • A number of our member companies have donated substantial amounts of medicines to International Health Partners (IHPUK) which works with the UK Government and NGOs to distribute medicines to areas of the world where they are most needed, usually as a result of natural disaster. (abpi.org.uk)
  • This will enable the NPS to continue to support the health professionals in safely and appropriately prescribing medicines. (health.gov.au)
  • The Government will spend $21 million over four years to conduct campaigns with health professionals to improve prescribing of medicines which may include antibiotics, anti-psychotics, pain killers and hypno-sedatives. (health.gov.au)
  • The high cost of medicines is straining health budgets in all countries. (wipo.int)
  • Access to essential medicines appears closely correlated with other indicators of health system performance, such as disability-adjusted life expectancy. (who.int)
  • Inequities in access to medicines reflect failures in health systems and medicines policy. (who.int)
  • In a strategy document for 2000-2003 1 , WHO considers better access to essential medicines a priority health issue. (who.int)
  • This analysis provides insights into how plans in the health insurance exchanges and employer plans cover Rheumatoid Arthritis medicines. (phrma.org)
  • It doesn't matter where you live, people are dying every day in rich and poor countries because they can't afford or access the health services they need," said Michael Kirby, member of the High-Level Panel and chair of the Expert Advisory Group. (news24.com)
  • Access to medicines is at the core of universal health coverage and the Sustainable Development Goals. (who.int)
  • The HLP Meeting discussed these, and recommended that the paper should be revised after the Regional Consultation on access to medicines for universal health coverage (‎16-18 August 2017)‎, so that recommendations from the consultation could be included for consideration by the Seventieth Session of the Regional Committee. (who.int)
  • This working paper and the recommendations from the HLP Meeting and the Regional Consultation on access to medicines for universal health coverage are submitted to the Seventieth Session of the WHO Regional Committee for South-East Asia for its consideration and decision. (who.int)
  • With Takeda's Access to Medicines (AtM) strategy, we are expanding our existing commitments to enhance global health so that eligible patients in evolving healthcare systems can have access to our innovative and potentially life-saving medicines, even if their ability to pay for the full cost of treatment is limited. (takeda.com)
  • Given this purpose, the article focuses narrowly on improving access to medicines, even though health promotion and disease prevention must play a key role in reducing the NCD burden. (rand.org)
  • Because NCDs are not entirely preventable and reversing lifestyle trends and their impact on population health will take time, adequate access to NCD medicines remains essential for mitigating the negative impact of NCDs. (rand.org)
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARBs) alone or in combination have similar effects on cardiovascular and renal outcomes in patients with diabetes, according to a study published by Ferrán Catalá-López and colleagues from the University of Valencia/CIBERSAM and INCLIVA Health Research Institute, Spain, and the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Canada, in this week's PLOS Medicine . (eurekalert.org)
  • Methods: An exploratory research was carried out using a health systems perspective and applying the WHO Framework for Equitable Access to Essential Medicine. (who.int)
  • Findings: A synthesis of evidence found major gaps in essential medicine access in Pakistan driven by weaknesses in the health care system as well as weak pharmaceutical regulation. (who.int)
  • Conclusion: Experience from Pakistan shows that policy concerns related to essential medicine access need integrated responses across various components of the health systems, are poorly addressed by existing evidence, and require an expanded health systems research agenda. (who.int)
  • The WHO Essential Medicines and Health Products Information Portal was designed and is maintained by Human Info NGO . (who.int)
  • MAP International is recognizing World Health Day this April 7 to raise awareness among our supporters of the gaps in access to life-changing medicines. (map.org)
  • Initiated by the World Health Organization (WHO), this day of global health awareness is celebrated each year bringing attention to the needs of people worldwide who lack access to health services. (map.org)
  • Organizations like MAP ensure that quality medicines are delivered properly to trusted health practitioners in countries where many-if not most-of the population has no access to life-saving treatment. (map.org)
  • On October 26, 2009 Ecuador's President Rafael Correa declared access to priority medicines affecting the health of the Ecuadorean population to be a matter of public interest. (essentialaction.org)
  • As so eloquently stated in the Political Constitution of Ecuador, Article 363, in access to medicines, the interests of public health prevail over those of mere profit. (essentialaction.org)
  • The WTO's Doha Declaration also states, "the [TRIPS] Agreement can and should be interpreted and implemented in a manner supportive of WTO Members' right to protect public health and, in particular, to promote access to medicines for all. (essentialaction.org)
  • Rather, it authorizes procedures by which the government can subsequently decide, case-by-case, to issue compulsory licenses for priority medicines (as determined by the Ministry of Public Health), based in public interests such as reducing treatment costs and enabling greater access to treatment. (essentialaction.org)
  • Sofosbuvir's pricing has been at the centre of a global debate over the affordability of prevailing systems of drug development, and the US Senate conducted an 18 month investigation into Gilead's pricing strategy and its consequences for health budgets and patient access. (bmj.com)
  • Access to medicines is essential to universal health coverage, noted Dr Hans Kluge, Director of the WHO Division of Health Systems and Public Health, in his opening presentation. (who.int)
  • Whether trapped behind the front lines of a conflict, living in conditions of extreme poverty, or marginalized by discrimination or neglect, many people around the world have trouble accessing health services. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
  • Clinical psychology is not incorporated into the Ukrainian health system, leaving many in the community without access to mental health care. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
  • Residents of the village of Opytne, in Ukrainian government controlled territory near the destroyed Donetsk Airport, are trapped by the armed conflict and have limited access to health care. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
  • Access To Generic Reproductive Health Supplies Decades Behind Medicines? (ip-watch.org)
  • Norvatis has also increased efforts to further the access to medicine programs it runs in other countries by reaching out to the World Health Organization (WHO) and other nongovernmental organizations. (webwire.com)
  • In 2017, the company reached 46 million patients globally through its access-to-healthcare initiatives, and 15 million people through health education programs. (novartis.com)
  • Access to medicines refers to the reasonable ability for people to get needed medicines required to achieve health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Such access is deemed to be part of the right to health as supported by international law since 1946. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Health Organization states that essential medicines should be available, of good quality, and accessible. (wikipedia.org)
  • New York, September 18, 2017 -A multisectoral partnership today launched a first-of-its-kind global coalition dedicated to increasing access to essential medicines and health products to prevent and treat noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and conditions, including diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. (path.org)
  • We know from our work with health facilities, pharmacies, care providers, and patients that many people with diabetes and cardiovascular disease are not able to access the medicines and products they need at a price they can afford,' said Dr. Kibachio Joseph, head, noncommunicable disease unit, Ministry of Health, Republic of Kenya. (path.org)
  • Coalition members will focus specifically on strengthening health systems and the supply chain for essential medicines and products, financing and costing issues, and advocacy. (path.org)
  • By leveraging the skills, resources, and expertise of members, the coalition will complement existing initiatives, create new opportunities, and raise awareness about the importance of ensuring equal access to health commodities for NCDs,' said Helen McGuire, leader of PATH's NCD program. (path.org)
  • The World Health Organisation estimates that some 5.5 billion people around the globe inhabit countries with low to non-existent access to controlled medicines and have inadequate access to treatment for moderate to severe pain. (idpc.net)
  • While the treaties remain unreformed, the INCB should achieve a better understanding of the manner in which its concerns with restricting diversion and nonmedical use impacts upon the system's public health imperatives, in particular the provision of access to essential medicines. (idpc.net)
  • In 2015, AmeriCares and its corporate partners committed to improving access to mental health care in the United States through targeted gift-in-kind donations of high quality psychiatric medicine for community mental health centers (CMHCs), and the mental health safety net. (clintonfoundation.org)
  • and the National Council of Behavioral Health Services will collaborate on program and partnership development, including making critical connections to regional and local influencers, helping to raise awareness and support for increased access to mental health services for vulnerable populations, and collaborating on development and dissemination of the national survey. (clintonfoundation.org)
  • Not only do "[a]lmost three quarters of all NCD deaths (28 million), and the majority of premature deaths (82%)" occur in low- to middle-income countries," but "major gaps in the affordability and availability of basic health technologies and essential medicines" exist "particularly" in these countries. (ip-watch.org)
  • The report also argues that "[t]he pharmaceutical industry has the responsibility to produce and supply medicines […] meeting appropriate standards of quality, promoting use in line with marketing approval, and providing balanced and truthful information to health-care professionals. (ip-watch.org)
  • Too many people in developing countries are dying because medicines are not available at prices they can afford and health agencies have limited budgets to pay high prices for brand-name drugs. (aidslaw.ca)
  • This submission by the Legal Network, HALCO and PASAN details the rights of prisoners to the equivalent access to health care as people in the community and urges the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care and the Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services to ensure these rights. (aidslaw.ca)
  • Good health requires good oral health, yet millions of Americans lack access to basic oral health care. (nationalacademies.org)
  • Access to oral health care across the life cycle is critical to overall health, and it will take flexibility and ingenuity among multiple stakeholders-including government leaders, oral health professionals, and others-to make this access available. (nationalacademies.org)
  • The IOM's recommendations provide a roadmap for the important and necessary next steps to improve access to oral health care, reduce oral health disparities, and improve the oral health of the nation's vulnerable and underserved populations. (nationalacademies.org)
  • Report Release: Improving Access to Oral Health Care for. (nationalacademies.org)
  • The IOM released its report on access to oral health care on July 13, 2011. (nationalacademies.org)
  • The four years of naturopathic medical education include basic medical sciences, such as anatomy, biochemistry, and pathophysiology, as well as the study and application of natural therapies, such as clinical nutrition, botanical medicine, homeopathy, physical medicine, and health counseling. (healthy.net)
  • The naturopathic approach is dedicated to health promotion and disease prevention, using the best of what both conventional and alternative medicine have to offer. (healthy.net)
  • Proceedings contain the opinion of the presenters, but do NOT reflect the conclusions of the Health and Medicine Division or the National Academies. (nationalacademies.org)
  • Increasing health equity and reducing health disparities requires aligning health care system demands and complexities with individual skills and abilities, and such alignment requires attention to the integration of health literacy, cul-ture competency and language access," said Bernard Rosof, Chief Executive Officer of the Quality in Healthcare Advisory Group, as part of the workshop introduction. (nationalacademies.org)
  • To better understand how the dynamic forces operating in health care today impact the delivery of services in a way that is health literate, cultur-ally competent, and in an appropriate language for patients and their fami-lies, the Roundtable on Health Literacy established an ad hoc committee to plan and conduct a public workshop on the integration of health literacy, cultural competence, and language access services. (nationalacademies.org)
  • This publication summarizes the workshop's presentations and discussions, and it highlights important lessons, practical strategies, and opportunities for improving the integration of health literacy, cultural competence, and language access services in the delivery of health care in the United States. (nationalacademies.org)
  • Based in Brussels, MSF Analysis intends to stimulate reflection and debate on humanitarian topics organised around the themes of migration, refugees, aid access, health policy and the environment in which aid operates. (msf.org)
  • These findings are consistent with similar studies conducted in other regions, suggesting that access to outpatient behavioral health care is limited despite existing ACA regulations. (annfammed.org)
  • Network adequacy, a health plan's ability to offer access to primary and specialty health care providers, is crucial to ensuring access to services. (annfammed.org)
  • The project used a secret shopper methodology, which has been successfully used in other studies evaluating access to health care. (annfammed.org)
  • In developing countries, where an estimated 42 million people are infected with HIV/AIDS, life-saving antiretroviral medicines (ARVs) are available to only 300 000 of the 5-6 million people currently in need of treatment - a crisis that WHO has declared to be a global health emergency. (who.int)
  • It also called on Member States to strengthen health systems, in order to provide universal access to health‑care services that will help to empower those who are vulnerable in addressing their health needs, and to develop evidence‑based training that is sensitive to different cultures and the specific needs of women, children and persons with disabilities. (un.org)
  • An observer for the Holy See said his delegation rejects the interpretation of reproductive health that considers abortion or access to abortion, maternal surrogacy or sterilization as dimensions of the term. (un.org)
  • Israel's representative said women should have equal access to health‑care systems, including sexual and reproductive health services. (un.org)
  • Analysis undertaken by Office of Health Economics Consulting, commissioned by Shire, has shown that England falls behind European counterparts in the speed, and breadth, of reimbursement of rare disease medicines. (hsj.co.uk)
  • Across the country, politicians are enacting anti-abortion laws that ignore evidence and science and mandate how health care providers must practice medicine, regardless of the provider's professional judgment, ethical obligations or the needs of his or her patients. (nationalpartnership.org)
  • For example, due to pervasive inequalities in access to quality health care, women of color are at a higher risk for unintended pregnancy - more than twice as much as white women. (nationalpartnership.org)
  • Results from the workshop will help the Agency define the modalities of proactive access to clinical trial data, in a way that best serves patients and public health in an open and transparent forum. (europa.eu)
  • Pat-INFORMED will clearly link public patent information to registered medicines in a new online global gateway, helping health professionals to navigate the medicine-procurement process for the benefit of their citizens. (wipo.int)
  • Helping ease access to patent information for public health authorities can help them establish smarter procurement strategies, one building block of improved global health," said Mr. Thomas Cueni, Director General IFPMA. (wipo.int)
  • The third edition, MDS-3: Managing Access to Medicines and other Health Technologies reflects the dramatic changes in politics and public health priorities, advances in science and medicine, greater focus on health care systems, increased donor funding, and the advent of information technology that have profoundly affected access to essential medicines over the past 14 years. (msh.org)
  • This week, Devex and Management Sciences for Health (MSH) are discussing innovations for access to medicines in low- and middle-income countries. (msh.org)
  • In Tanzania in 2002, MSH realized the medicines needed for basic treatment are in the government system, but not available to patients -- either because health facilities ran out of stock or were too far away. (msh.org)
  • Access to Medicines (#Access2meds) is a three-week online conversation, hosted by Devex in partnership with Management Sciences for Health, to explore work being done to guarantee access to lifesaving medicines. (msh.org)
  • We're examining how to ensure medicine access for individuals at the last mile, in a way that saves lives, empowers communities, and builds resilient health systems. (msh.org)
  • Nevertheless, the extent of the use of innovative medicines depends greatly on the capacity of the health system to provide them, while financial and administrative restrictions often limit patients' access to them. (frontiersin.org)
  • Furthermore, reduced or delayed access to treatment can bring considerable burden on society due to the significant costs stemming from the consumption of unsuitable health services, the need of treating advanced-stage disease and also the increased productivity losses and disability benefits. (frontiersin.org)
  • Affordability, and the provision of medicines, are not the only access to medicines barriers that patients face. (takeda.com)
  • We are working with a range of partners in SSA to enhance local cancer management capacity, increase access to diagnosis and treatment, and address access barriers for other chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. (takeda.com)
  • We found that specific attitudes and beliefs -- such as expectation of therapeutic benefits, patient-perceived barriers regarding cost and access, and opinions of patients' physician and family members -- may predict patients' use of complementary and alternative medicine following cancer diagnoses," said Dr. Mao. (scienceblogs.com)
  • The new Coalition for Access to NCD Medicines & Products brings together governments, the private sector, philanthropic and academic institutions, and nongovernmental organizations to tackle barriers countries face in procuring, supplying, and distributing essential medicines and technologies and ensuring they are used effectively. (path.org)
  • Various factors create barriers, preventing access to care for vulnerable and underserved populations, such as children and Medicaid beneficiaries. (nationalacademies.org)
  • In particular, significant barriers to new medicines are often experienced by patients with chronic, severe diseases, such as delays or long travel times in getting a prescription or accessing medicines, bureaucratic processes and complex distribution system of pharmaceuticals, as well as high out-of-pocket costs. (frontiersin.org)
  • The need for global, equitable access to medicines is urgent. (aidslaw.ca)
  • The work of the Medicines for Malaria Venture (MMV) and GAVI, the vaccine alliance, are two important examples of progress in terms of research and access. (wipo.int)
  • The Panel received more than 170 contributions and throughout the dialogue, participants discussed how old and new mechanisms - such as medicine patent pools, public-private partnerships, and alternative sources for R&D financing could be utilised to increase access to medicines without jeopardising innovation. (news24.com)
  • According to the company Web site, We look for innovative ways to increase access to medicines. (webwire.com)
  • The report estimates that countries could save about 60% of their pharmaceutical expenditures by shifting from originator medicines to generic products. (who.int)
  • Prior to the TRIPS agreement, countries were free to choose not to grant patents on medicines. (who.int)
  • MSF is also supporting developing countries in codifying into law the "safeguards" that are allowed under international trade rules in order to protect access to medicines. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
  • While the focus at the WTO lay on how countries with insufficient or no manufacturing capacity for pharmaceuticals could make effective use of compulsory licensing, the EC adopted a regulation to promote differential pricing for needed medicines. (google.com)
  • Global Trade Watch has led the fight against corporate-rigged "trade" agreements that provide special powers for Big Pharma to raise medicine prices, promote the outsourcing of jobs to low-wage countries and undermine the food safety and other safeguards on which our families rely. (citizen.org)
  • 1 However, many scholars argue that the TRIPS agreement and the subsequent political declaration designed to support countries' access to medicines-the Doha declaration-does not provide a solution for the poorest countries. (bmj.com)
  • Some countries offered none at all, and many countries excluded medicines. (bmj.com)
  • 5 In these countries, companies were allowed to produce generic equivalents (copies) of medicines that were protected by patents in other countries. (bmj.com)
  • However, it does not affect the production and distribution of generic equivalents of the same medicine in other countries. (bmj.com)
  • The majority of low- and middle-income countries use essential medicines lists in selecting their medicines and are more likely to use these to limit procurement choices than are high-income countries. (who.int)
  • Generic competition and differential pricing can contribute substantially to the affordability of medicines in low-income countries. (who.int)
  • Bulk purchasing, careful price comparison, compulsory licensing and differential pricing schemes may help countries obtain better purchasing prices for medicines. (who.int)
  • Access to essential medicines remains a major objective of people everywhere, and is widely featured as an objective of countries' national medicines policies. (who.int)
  • Table 7.1 shows the distribution of countries by WHO region according to reported levels of access to essential medicines. (who.int)
  • In Europe, 25 of the 46 countries reporting were in the "very high" access group and only three countries were in the "very low" access group, whilst in the African region only 3 of the 45 countries were in the "very high" but 37 countries (over 80%) were in the "very low" and "low to medium" groups. (who.int)
  • Access to innovative medicines and quality healthcare is vital to the well-being of people, yet it remains a significant issue around the world, particularly in countries with evolving healthcare systems. (takeda.com)
  • These PAPs are designed to ensure that eligible patients living in countries with evolving healthcare systems, and prescribed some of our potentially life-saving medicines, are able to access them through innovative, affordability-based approaches. (takeda.com)
  • By making AtM a critical component of Takeda's global R&D approach, our goal is to ensure that our pipeline of innovative medicines can make a meaningful difference to patients' lives in the communities we serve around the world, particularly in countries where access to healthcare and medicines is challenging. (takeda.com)
  • In connection with this meeting, the authors of this article took a first step toward developing a policy research agenda for improving access to NCD medicines in developing countries, a step that the research-based pharmaceutical industry, in particular, can carry forward as part of broader global efforts to combat NCD. (rand.org)
  • In connection with the upcoming meeting, this article is a first step toward developing a policy research agenda, on behalf of the research-based pharmaceutical industry, on how to improve access to NCD medicines in developing countries. (rand.org)
  • Introduction: Inadequate access to essential medicines is a common issue within developing countries. (who.int)
  • For those of us who live in developed countries, it's hard to understand why so many people in the world lack access to even the most basic medicines. (map.org)
  • But in many countries, even hospitals have no medicine or basic equipment to treat patients. (map.org)
  • Doctors in many countries can diagnose patients but have no medicine to treat them. (map.org)
  • Sometimes countries simply lack the financial resources to import the needed quantities of medicines for those in need. (map.org)
  • However, new high-priced medicines in the European Region pose a challenge for most countries, and for some, they remain unaffordable," he added. (who.int)
  • Norway reaffirmed that providing access to certain medicines is a challenge even for high-income countries, and the Netherlands expressed its objection to value-based pricing of medicines. (who.int)
  • In addition to region-specific access to medicine programs in developing countries, Johnson and Johnson has developed the Web site access2wellness.com to help people find ways to get the medicines they need. (webwire.com)
  • The Index measures the performance of the top-20 pharmaceutical companies to improve access to medicines and healthcare in developing countries. (novartis.com)
  • As opportunities for improvement for Novartis, the ATMi identified further embedding our access principles, expanding equitable pricing strategies to cover more countries and leveraging voluntary licensing opportunities. (novartis.com)
  • Biogen Idec commissioned Charles River Associates to examine how access to innovative treatments for multiple sclerosis (MS) varies across European countries, the factors explaining this, and the policy lessons that can be drawn. (crai.com)
  • Availability and affordability of essential diabetes medicines are poor in low-income and middle-income countries. (diabetesdaily.com)
  • Only in a small number of wealthy countries do citizens stand a reasonable chance of gaining adequate access to pain care, though even here room for improvement remains. (idpc.net)
  • In SA, like in most other countries, it is the people who live in large urban areas who have access to the high-volume-low-mark-up retailers able to offer cheaper goods. (fightingmalaria.org)
  • Canada's Access to Medicines Regime (CAMR) is a process established by the Canadian government that allows Canada to enact compulsory licenses to export essential medicines to countries without the capacity to manufacture their own. (wikipedia.org)
  • For many years pharmaceutical patents and their impact on prices have been at the centre of the international debate over insufficient access to lifesaving HIV/AIDS medicines in developing countries. (diva-portal.org)
  • Developing countries, where patents are already in place, have sought to reduce high drug prices by making use of compulsory licensing, a safeguarding practice allowing the production or importation of a generic medicine without the consent of the patent holder. (diva-portal.org)
  • While patent information is publicly available around the world, resources that directly link granted patents to marketed medicines are currently only available publicly in certain countries (e.g. the USA's 'Orange Book') or through private third-party databases. (wipo.int)
  • Managing Drug Supply (MDS) is the leading reference on how to manage essential medicines in developing countries. (msh.org)
  • We need novel approaches to tackle the challenge of NCDs [non-communicable diseases] in poorer countries," asserts Harald Nusser, global head of Novartis Access. (msh.org)
  • Medicine Movers tells the stories of patients in three countries who continue to benefit from pharmaceutical systems, launched during the peak of the AIDS epidemic. (msh.org)
  • Research evidence suggests that there is wide variation in access to new medicines among countries that is often explained by the countries' GDP per capita, as well as differences in the reimbursement and distribution process. (frontiersin.org)
  • The main concern is that of the accessibility and affordability of essential medicines by the layman, especially the poor populace. (centad.org)
  • That's because the United States has a research ecosystem system that fosters and supports medical innovation, as well as a competitive, market-based approach that is used to determine the value of medicines and keep prices down. (phrma.org)
  • Many of these patients will require long-term, if not life-long, access to medicines. (who.int)
  • Patient support and assistance is the top priority for PhRMA's member companies, who are working hard to improve patients' lives through the discovery and development of new medicines and treatments. (phrma.org)
  • Today, Americans have faster access to more medicines than anywhere else in the world and doctors and patients work together to decide which medicine is right for them. (phrma.org)
  • Unfortunately, some policymakers are considering government price-setting proposals that could significantly reduce the medicines available to patients now and in the future. (phrma.org)
  • Access to patient data-whether they are deposited in repositories with controlled access, such as the database of Genotypes and Phenotypes ( dbGaP ) or the European Genome-phenome Archive ( EGA ), or provided upon direct request to investigators-requires additional steps of internal board review and approval to ensure that the purpose of a request is legitimate and bound to the terms consented by patients. (nature.com)
  • Too often, Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) cannot treat patients because the medicines are too expensive, or they are no longer produced. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
  • About 1,000 patients access the program, and without the subsidy the cost to them of the drug would be around $60,000 per year. (health.gov.au)
  • The research-based biopharmaceutical industry is delivering breakthrough medicines for patients. (wipo.int)
  • While in India cancer patients' access to medicines is ensured through cheaper generics made possible under compulsory license, in Pakistan a generous subsidy is provided by multinational pharma companies to afford branded patents for the poor patients. (dawn.com)
  • We challenge the high cost of medicines and the absence of treatment for many of the diseases affecting our patients. (msf.org.uk)
  • Too often we cannot treat patients because the medicines are too expensive, or they are no longer produced. (msf.org.uk)
  • A new study has shed light on how cancer patients' attitudes and beliefs drive the use of complementary and alternative medicine. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Although many cancer patients use complementary and alternative medicine, what drives this usage is unclear. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Do attitudes and beliefs regarding complementary and alternative medicine impact its use among patients with cancer? (scienceblogs.com)
  • the problem is that CAM or "integrative medicine" largely sells patients a bill of goods, goods patients are willing to buy given that there are Very Serious People in White Coats telling them that it's all scientific. (scienceblogs.com)
  • The agreement also offers expanded access to KALYDECO ® (ivacaftor) to include people ages 18 years and older who have the R117H mutation and those patients ages 12 months and older who have one of the nine licensed gating mutations. (yahoo.com)
  • This important agreement, reached in collaboration and partnership with NHS England and NICE, will allow more than 5,000 eligible cystic fibrosis patients in England to have access to CFTR modulators to treat the underlying cause of their disease," said Ludovic Fenaux, Senior Vice President, Vertex International. (yahoo.com)
  • Worldwide, our Access Campaign continued to fight for greater access to and investment in treatments for patients living with diseases like tuberculosis (TB) and HIV/AIDS. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
  • This project has successfully increased access to newer treatments for patients with drug-resistant TB. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
  • 1 The inquiry preceding the report, which was triggered by concerns about inadequate and inequitable access to cancer medicines, had attracted over 200 submissions from doctors, patients, patient advocacy groups and government decision makers. (mja.com.au)
  • They also have a toll-free number for patients without access to a computer. (webwire.com)
  • We are delighted that the Access to Medicine Index has recognized our actions to expand access to medicines and healthcare to underserved patients," said Vasant Narasimhan, CEO of Novartis. (novartis.com)
  • Awareness of these global differences might importantly drive change in access for patients with diabetes," the authors concluded. (diabetesdaily.com)
  • Government failure to provide these medicines would mean that "patients are forced to obtain medicines in the private sector, where prices are generally higher and may be unaffordable for many. (ip-watch.org)
  • Through licensure, naturopathic doctors across California would finally be able to practice to the full scope of their education and training," she continued, "providing their patients with the very medicine which countless individuals across the state have been demanding for years. (healthy.net)
  • However, due to the recent cost-led restrictive reforms of this process, even medicines assessed through this process are unlikely to reach patients in the future. (hsj.co.uk)
  • Failure to avoid what should be preventable shortages is a failure on our part to meet the basic responsibility of modern medicine to keep patients free of harm. (annals.org)
  • Studies in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing invasive management showed conflicting conclusions regarding the effect of access site on outcomes. (annals.org)
  • Randomized trials of radial versus femoral access in invasively managed patients with ACS. (annals.org)
  • However, timely and unimpeded access to appropriate treatment is crucial for patients with chronic, severe diseases, determining the evolutionary course of their disease and their quality of life. (frontiersin.org)
  • In light of the above, the aim of this Research Topic is to assess access to innovative pharmaceutical care for patients across different disease areas and geographical locations, in times of rising healthcare costs and limited healthcare budgets. (frontiersin.org)
  • The protection afforded by patents is an important mechanism by which investors are provided time to reap that return, so they can make investments in new medicines. (theconversation.com)
  • Many argue that pharmaceutical companies push for data exclusivity-seeking to extend their monopolies by advocating for market exclusivity provided by patents and data exclusivity, or protection for new medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our work focuses on laws and policies that affect access to antiretroviral and other medicines, such as patents rules in international trade agreements and domestic legislation regulating the price of medicines. (aidslaw.ca)
  • In terms of innovation the patent system has been highly effective in incentivising biopharmaceutical research and development and in developing new medicines and tomorrow's cures," said Corey Salsberg, Head International IP Policy at Novartis. (news24.com)
  • While advancing access to medicines imperatives, compulsory licensing is compatible with ensuring reasonable compensation for patent holders and supporting medical innovation. (essentialaction.org)
  • Expanding access is complex, and despite our best efforts, there are still opportunities to do more to help ensure our innovation reaches more people. (novartis.com)
  • The purpose of our healthcare policies is to advance medical innovation and also grant access to medicines that otherwise would not be available to underserved or disaster-affected global communities. (pfizer.com)
  • This would impede not only access to potentially life-saving diagnostics, but impede innovation as well. (change.org)
  • Pat-INFORMED will make it easier for procurement experts to assess the patent status of medicines, underlining how a well-designed and implemented patent system incentivizes innovation while making available and accessible key information about patented inventions," said Mr. Gurry. (wipo.int)
  • In 1975, less than half the world's population were estimated to have regular access to essential medicines. (who.int)
  • Almost 2 billion people - one-third of the global population - do not have regular access to essential medicines. (who.int)
  • Although the percentage of the world's population without access to essential medicines has fallen from an estimated 37% in 1987 to around 30% in 1999, the total number of people without access remains between 1.3 and 2.1 billion people. (who.int)
  • 2 New estimates from the 1999 World Medicines Survey show that this fraction has fallen to around one-third. (who.int)
  • Some of the issues affecting access to medicines and products include inefficient procurement practices, inadequate funding models, and pricing mark-ups along the supply chain. (path.org)
  • Since 2001, Brazil has provided hundreds of thousands of people with HIV/AIDS treatment and saved more than US$1 billion through a combined approach of national production of medicines, imports of generics, negotiation and compulsory licensing. (essentialaction.org)
  • Today, India has catapulted itself to the position of key global players in the production of medicines. (centad.org)
  • WIPO Director General Francis Gurry and Mr. Thomas Cueni, Director General of the International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers and Associations (IFPMA), signed an agreement establishing the Patent Information Initiative for Medicines, or "Pat-INFORMED," on the sidelines of the Assemblies of the Member States of WIPO. (wipo.int)
  • The report notes that 67% of the research to develop high-priority medicines with lower commercial value is being conducted in partnerships, rather than independently by these global manufacturers. (forbes.com)
  • Access to medicines has been a Flagship Priority for the WHO South-East Asia Region since 2014. (who.int)
  • The Access to Medicines Index is a vital resource, shining a light on what is and isn't working in R&D and access to medicines in the field of priority diseases," said David Reddy, CEO of MMV. (mmv.org)
  • Thomas B. Cueni (right), Director General at the International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers & Associations (IFPMA), offers an industry perspective on the hurdles to access and the challenges that lie ahead in the search for innovative healthcare solutions. (wipo.int)
  • In principle, pharmaceutical companies can earn very substantial returns from subsidies or prizes paid for the successful development of a new medicine, vaccine or diagnostic. (news24.com)
  • Getting the best diagnostic and treatment outcomes from available specimens relies of the practice of medicine, which the FDA is not supposed to regulate. (change.org)
  • The relationship between the pharmaceutical industry and healthcare professionals (HCPs) and healthcare organisations (HCOs) plays a vital role in the development and delivery of life-enhancing and life-saving medicines. (abpi.org.uk)
  • Actions by WHO (‎1)‎ Foster inter-country and regional cooperation in procurement, pricing and regulation of medical products, focused on the four agreed priorities, with short- and medium-term deliverables, (‎2)‎ Technical support to build capacity as needed, (‎3)‎ Support improved data on access to and use of medicines, with a focus on antimicrobials. (who.int)
  • Member States agreed on the importance of collaborating to share best practices on pricing and reimbursement and strategic procurement, to advance access to medicines. (who.int)
  • The Pat-INFORMED initiative launched today by IFPMA and WIPO is an important step to reduce uncertainty and improve transparency in medicines procurement. (wipo.int)
  • By adding the information on the global patent status from patent-holding companies to that from national patent offices, the process for procurement agencies and others to determine the scope of patent protection for medicines will be markedly improved. (wipo.int)
  • This would have locked the United States into our bad policies that keep these medicines, including critical cancer treatments, outrageously expensive and export our failed system to Mexico and Canada. (citizen.org)
  • It's a narrative promoted by CAM proponents that does its best to convince the public that there is nothing unusual, untoward, or odd about CAM use, even though much of CAM consists of treatments that are based on prescientific concepts of human physiology and pathology, such as traditional Chinese medicine or homeopathy. (scienceblogs.com)
  • In other words, it's a narrative designed to "normalize" CAM usage (and therefore CAM practice), making it no different than the usage of treatments rooted in scientific medicine. (scienceblogs.com)
  • No one can deny that improved medical treatments and equity of access to them are essential to improving our community's quality of life. (theconversation.com)
  • CRA found that significant inequalities in access to MS treatments persist in 2013. (crai.com)
  • Whilst conventional CF treatments target the symptoms, precision medicines tackle the underlying genetic mutations which cause the condition. (cysticfibrosis.org.uk)
  • The declaration could lead to government policies that expand access to medicines. (essentialaction.org)
  • At least 2 billion people don't have access to medicines they need , according to the Access to Medicine Foundation and others . (forbes.com)
  • However, the absolute number of people without access has remained almost unchanged, at about 1.7 billion. (who.int)
  • Getting the right medicines to the people who need them at the time they need them remains a major challenge. (who.int)
  • Table 7.2 shows that about 30% of the world's population, or between 1.3 and 2.1 billion people, are estimated not to have access to the essential medicines they need. (who.int)
  • KALYDECO ® (ivacaftor) is the first medicine to treat the underlying cause of CF in people with specific mutations in the CFTR gene. (yahoo.com)
  • Compulsory licenses authorize generic competition with patented medicines, reducing costs and enabling more people to access treatment. (essentialaction.org)
  • As a result, four million people worldwide now have access to life-saving drugs. (essentialaction.org)
  • Over the last ten years, generic competition has produced a revolution in HIV/AIDS treatment, reducing prices for first-line antiretrovirals from around $10,000 to around $100 per year, and enabling over four million people worldwide to access treatment. (essentialaction.org)
  • Brazil has provided treatment to hundreds of thousands of people living with HIV/AIDS and saved well over US$1 billion through its combined medicines strategy of domestic production, importation, negotiation and compulsory licensing. (essentialaction.org)
  • MSF is using innovative approaches to fight HIV and TB and ensure that people have greater access to treatment. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
  • The issue of access is also very important, ensuring that people who need these drugs will have access to them. (mmv.org)
  • This coalition will add great momentum to the government of Kenya's ongoing efforts to ensure that people can access the treatment they need. (path.org)
  • Two precision medicines that help to treat the underlying cause of cystic fibrosis have been licensed for use in the UK, while others are currently being tested on people with CF to determine how they work. (cysticfibrosis.org.uk)
  • The Trust has been campaigning hard to ensure that people with CF can access innovative precision medicines. (cysticfibrosis.org.uk)
  • Orkambi is the second precision medicine to be licensed in the UK for people with CF and treats the F508del mutation, which around 50% of people with CF have. (cysticfibrosis.org.uk)
  • Billions of people cannot access the medicines they need because they are too expensive or too toxic. (msf.ie)
  • Public-private partnerships are key to ensuring innovations help medicines affordably reach the people who need them most. (msh.org)
  • The purpose of the pricing regulations is to increase the transparency of medicine prices, and to limit what pharmacies can charge customers for medicines. (fightingmalaria.org)
  • The European Medicines Agency is inviting expressions of interest in its workshop on access to clinical-trial data and transparency on 22 November 2012. (europa.eu)
  • However, this study, along with others, argue that stronger protection schemes can limit access to medicines in the developing world. (nature.com)
  • There are other issues beyond the R&D that affect access to medicines. (forbes.com)
  • If pharmacies in rural areas and townships are forced to close, it will severely affect access to medicines and decrease the provision of medical services in isolated communities. (fightingmalaria.org)
  • Become a donor or member and support our work to advance access to medicines. (haiweb.org)
  • The coalition is unique in several ways, from its multisectoral approach of engaging stakeholders across sectors at all levels to its focus on increasing access to medicines and products and providing technical and advocacy expertise both at the country and global levels. (path.org)
  • Your recent remarks position Ecuador to advance the politics and principle of access to medicines for all, in Latin America and around the world. (essentialaction.org)
  • The wider developments driving healthcare spending, and the systemic challenges that limit access to high-quality, safe and effective medicines around the world, need to be considered. (wipo.int)
  • Our AtM strategy also goes beyond medicines by encompassing efforts in areas such as Research & Development (R&D), philanthropy, donations and healthcare capacity building. (takeda.com)
  • This is why Takeda's AtM strategy also goes beyond medicines by encompassing efforts in areas such as R&D , philanthropy, donations and healthcare capacity building. (takeda.com)
  • Importantly, our patient-centric approach to R&D goes beyond the development and provision of medicines, and strives for sustainable patient impact through local healthcare capacity building. (takeda.com)
  • Seamless Access to Healthcare Folders with Strong Privacy Guarantees. (igi-global.com)
  • Pervasive healthcare on its side strive to remove location and time constraints to access patient's healthcare folders. (igi-global.com)
  • Naturopathic medicine is a patient-centered approach to healthcare that focuses on science-based lifestyle, nutritional, and botanical therapies. (healthy.net)
  • In 2007, Brazil issued a compulsory license for the HIV/AIDS medicine efavirenz. (essentialaction.org)
  • my experience has been that almost no one in the world will die this year because of the cost or the lack of availability of AIDS medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main question is whether the compulsory licensing system as prescribed in the recent Decision is an ample means of improving access to patented AIDS medicines in the developing world. (diva-portal.org)
  • It also leads to inequitable access to essential goods among different socioeconomic groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Open access articles in Springer Nature journals are published under Creative Commons licences. (springer.com)
  • However, we also argue that compulsory licences, one of the flexibilities enabled by the Doha declaration, can be used to increase access to essential medicines when used as a threat. (bmj.com)
  • Therefore, the government here needs to take necessary steps to improve access to medicines as a basic necessity for sustaining life and quality of life. (dawn.com)
  • b)‎ Information sharing on medicines quality, through SEARN. (who.int)
  • These related to weaknesses in medicine registration and quality assurance systems, unclear and counterproductive pricing policies, irrational prescribing and sub-optimal drug availability. (who.int)
  • Duan-fang Liao (MD,PhD), the former president of Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, is now a Professor and the Director of Province Key Laboratory for Quality Evaluation of Bulk Herbs of Hunan, and Vice Director of the State Key Laboratory of Traditional Chinese Medicine Powder and Innovative Medicine of China. (benthamscience.com)
  • Internal Medicine Open Access is maintaining the quality of articles through its strict peer review process. (omicsonline.org)
  • Concurrently, AmeriCares will work with its longstanding pharmaceutical gift-in-kind donors to identify and encourage the donation of, and secure a variety of, high quality psychiatric medicine that can be provided to these new network partners at no cost. (clintonfoundation.org)
  • To summarize evidence from recent, high-quality trials that compared clinical outcomes occurring with radial versus femoral access in invasively managed adults with ACS. (annals.org)
  • Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated ( VRTX ) today announced an access agreement with NHS England for all currently licensed Vertex cystic fibrosis (CF) medicines and any future indications of these medicines. (yahoo.com)
  • If government is truly concerned about increasing access to medicines, it should eliminate all taxes on pharmaceuticals and other medical devices. (fightingmalaria.org)
  • To access all of our content, please subscribe now . (ip-watch.org)
  • This collection of over 175 e-journals offers unlimited access to highly-cited, forward-thinking content in full-text PDF and XML with no DRM. (igi-global.com)
  • Despite a massive worldwide push to improve access to contraceptives, generic manufacturers say they're not yet getting a good share of the pie. (ip-watch.org)
  • PLOS Medicine publishes research and commentary of general interest with clear implications for patient care, public policy or clinical research agendas. (plos.org)
  • Research translation involves optimizing the production of new medicines and lengthy pre-clinical and clinical testing to determine whether new medicines are safe and effective. (theconversation.com)
  • The factors that need to be looked upon while endeavoring to make medicines accessible to the populace are drug pricing, rational use of drugs, drug promotion, promotion of generic drugs, strengthening of Pharma PSUs and Small Scale Industries, clinical trials, IPR and Access to Medicines and going beyond TRIPS. (centad.org)
  • The workshop follows the Agency's decision to proactively publish clinical-trial data and enable access to full data sets by interested parties. (europa.eu)
  • The Australian Government will help thousands of Australians to access newly subsidised medicines on the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme and life saving drugs. (health.gov.au)
  • The Government will spend more than $8.2 billion on essential medicines in 2009-10, and thousands of Australians will be helped by being able to access newly subsidised medicines on the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme and life saving drugs. (health.gov.au)
  • Access to Medicines has prioritized needs for specific types of drugs, and found the response of Pharma not always in alignment. (forbes.com)
  • How are we campaigning for access to these drugs? (cysticfibrosis.org.uk)
  • Find out more about the work we're doing to extend access to precision medicines by clicking on the different drugs below, finding out how we're campaigning in your area , joining a campaign or exploring our campaign timeline and latest news . (cysticfibrosis.org.uk)
  • One third of the world does not have access to essential medicines. (msf.org.uk)
  • The World Medicines Situation: Chapter 7. (who.int)
  • For only R75 per month , you have access to a world of in-depth analyses, investigative journalism, top opinions and a range of features. (news24.com)
  • The authors provide a framework for understanding the obstacles to access for NCD medicines, review specific issues to be confronted within each obstacle in the developing world, identify promising ideas for improving access to NCD medicines, and point to several highly promising areas for the research-based pharmaceutical industry to focus on as it develops its NCD policy research program in close collaboration with other key stakeholders. (rand.org)
  • By advancing access to these medicines, we are working with our partners towards the day when no one in world will suffer or die from malaria. (mmv.org)
  • The issue of access to medicine is becoming increasingly important to pharmaceutical companies as evidenced by the increased development of access to medicine programs in the developing world. (webwire.com)
  • The articles published in the journal are Open Access i.e, freely accessible to readers all around the world. (omicsonline.org)
  • What do you think about the disparity in diabetes medication access across the world and different communities? (diabetesdaily.com)
  • With this in mind, Novartis has launched Novartis Access, a new program to provide governments, nongovernmental organizations and other public-sector customers access to a portfolio of medicines at a price of $1 per treatment per month to treat cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, breast cancer and respiratory illnesses. (msh.org)
  • The UN High-Level Panel on Access to Medicines and the Lancet Commission on Essential Medicines have called for R&D to be de-linked from drug prices. (wipo.int)
  • Big Pharma has hijacked "trade" agreements like the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) to expand their monopoly power and keep medicine prices high. (citizen.org)
  • Heart medicines, cancer medicines, medicines against opportunistic infections and more are also often sold at prices far beyond peoples' ability to pay. (essentialaction.org)
  • Globally, competition has consistently proven the most effective method to reduce medicine prices, and ensure prices continue to fall over time. (essentialaction.org)
  • The Prescription Medicines Code of Practice Authority (PMCPA) was established by The Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry to operate the ABPI Code of Practice for the Pharmaceutical Industry independently of the ABPI. (abpi.org.uk)
  • The TRIPS Agreement is argued to have the greatest effect on the pharmaceutical industry and access to medicines. (wikipedia.org)
  • The report finds the pharmaceutical industry continues to mature in its approach to access to medicines, with models for good practice in areas such as planning and licensing for access. (mmv.org)
  • WIPO and IFPMA , the global trade association representing the research-based pharmaceutical industry, are co-sponsors of the initiative, which originated in the industry's efforts to add clarity to the patent information around medicines. (wipo.int)