Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.
A United States organization of distinguished scientists and engineers established for the purpose of investigating and reporting upon any subject of art or science as requested by any department of government. The National Research Council organized by NAS serves as the principal operating agency to stimulate and support research.
An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.
Identifies, for study and analysis, important issues and problems that relate to health and medicine. The Institute initiates and conducts studies of national policy and planning for health care and health-related education and research; it also responds to requests from the federal government and other agencies for studies and advice.
A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. Through basic and clinical biomedical research and training, it conducts and supports research with the objective of cancer prevention, early stage identification and elimination. This Institute was established in 1937.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports research program related to diseases of the heart, blood vessels, lung, and blood; blood resources; and SLEEP WAKE DISORDERS. From 1948 until October 10, 1969, it was known as the National Heart Institute. From June 25, 1976, it was the National Heart and Lung Institute. Since October 1997, the NHLBI has also had administrative responsibility for the NIH Woman's Health Initiative.
A medical specialty concerned with the study of the structures, functions, and diseases of the nervous system.
A component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with research, overall planning, promoting, and administering mental health programs and research. It was established in 1949.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
An institute of the CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION which is responsible for assuring safe and healthful working conditions and for developing standards of safety and health. Research activities are carried out pertinent to these goals.
Discussions, descriptions or catalogs of public displays or items representative of a given subject.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports basic and applied research to better understand, treat, and ultimately prevent infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases. It was established in 1948.
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of SLEEP WAKE DISORDERS and their causes.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It supports and conducts research, both basic and clinical, on the normal and diseases nervous system. It was established in 1950.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. Through basic and clinical biomedical research and training, it conducts and supports research into the nature of the aging process and diseases associated with the later stages of life. The Institute was established in 1974.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
An infant during the first month after birth.
A branch of psychology which investigates the correlation between experience or behavior and the basic neurophysiological processes. The term neuropsychology stresses the dominant role of the nervous system. It is a more narrowly defined field than physiological psychology or psychophysiology.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
Financial support of research activities.
Societies whose membership is limited to scientists.
The recognition of professional or technical competence through registration, certification, licensure, admission to association membership, the award of a diploma or degree, etc.
A subspecialty of Pediatrics concerned with the newborn infant.
Promotion and protection of the rights of children; frequently through a legal process.
The expected function of a member of the medical profession.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
Treatment of disease by exposure to light, especially by variously concentrated light rays or specific wavelengths.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
Persons as individuals (e.g., ABORTION APPLICANTS) or as members of a group (e.g., HISPANIC AMERICANS). It is not used for members of the various professions (e.g., PHYSICIANS) or occupations (e.g., LIBRARIANS) for which OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS is available.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.
A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports basic and applied research for a national program in diabetes, endocrinology, and metabolic diseases; digestive diseases and nutrition; and kidney, urologic, and hematologic diseases. It was established in 1948.
Schedule giving optimum times usually for primary and/or secondary immunization.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It was initially established to investigate the broad aspects of human development as a means of understanding developmental disabilities, including mental retardation, and the events that occur during pregnancy. It now conducts and supports research on all stages of human development. It was established in 1962.
Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Devices that babies can suck on when they are not feeding. The extra sucking can be comforting to the babies and pacify them. Pacifiers usually are used as a substitute for the thumb in babies who suck on their thumb or fingers almost constantly.
Those individuals engaged in research.
The principles of proper conduct concerning the rights and duties of the professional, relations with patients or consumers and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the professional and interpersonal relations with patient or consumer families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Groups set up to advise governmental bodies, societies, or other institutions on policy. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
An assertion that an action apparently unobjectionable in itself would set in motion a train of events leading ultimately to an undesirable outcome. (From Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995)
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports basic and applied research to reduce the burden of human illness and dysfunction from environmental causes by, defining how environmental exposures, genetic susceptibility, and age interact to affect an individual's health. It was established in 1969.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It supports a comprehensive research portfolio that focuses on the biological, social, behavioral and neuroscientific bases of drug abuse on the body and brain as well as its causes, prevention, and treatment. NIDA, NIAAA, and NIMH were created as coequal institutes within the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration in 1974. It was established within the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH in 1992.
Brief accounts or narratives of an incident or event.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Care of infants in the home or institution.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Societies whose membership is limited to nurses.
A sleep disorder characterized by grinding and clenching of the teeth and forceful lateral or protrusive jaw movements. Sleep bruxism may be associated with TOOTH INJURIES; TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDERS; sleep disturbances; and other conditions.
Vaccines used to prevent infection by MUMPS VIRUS. Best known is the live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had mumps or been immunized with live mumps vaccine. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The branch of medicine dealing with the fetus and infant during the perinatal period. The perinatal period begins with the twenty-eighth week of gestation and ends twenty-eight days after birth. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
A medical specialty concerned with the skin, its structure, functions, diseases, and treatment.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
The practice of nursing by a registered or licensed nurse to care for a specific patient in a health facility or in the home.
Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Communication, in the sense of cross-fertilization of ideas, involving two or more academic disciplines (such as the disciplines that comprise the cross-disciplinary field of bioethics, including the health and biological sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences and law). Also includes problems in communication stemming from differences in patterns of language usage in different academic or medical disciplines.
A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A medical specialty concerned with the hypersensitivity of the individual to foreign substances and protection from the resultant infection or disorder.
Fixation and immobility of a joint.
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
Two or more vaccines in a single dosage form.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
An ethylmercury-sulfidobenzoate that has been used as a preservative in VACCINES; ANTIVENINS; and OINTMENTS. It was formerly used as a topical antiseptic. It degrades to ethylmercury and thiosalicylate.
Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.
Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports research on the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the eye and visual system. It was originally part of the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Blindness. The National Eye Institute was established in 1968.
Former kingdom, located on Korea Peninsula between Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea on east coast of Asia. In 1948, the kingdom ceased and two independent countries were formed, divided by the 38th parallel.
Accumulation of BILIRUBIN, a breakdown product of HEME PROTEINS, in the BLOOD during the first weeks of life. This may lead to NEONATAL JAUNDICE. The excess bilirubin may exist in the unconjugated (indirect) or the conjugated (direct) form. The condition may be self-limiting (PHYSIOLOGICAL NEONATAL JAUNDICE) or pathological with toxic levels of bilirubin.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
A dental specialty concerned with the histology, physiology, and pathology of the tissues that support, attach, and surround the teeth, and of the treatment and prevention of disease affecting these tissues.
Suspensions of killed or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa), antigenic proteins, synthetic constructs, or other bio-molecular derivatives, administered for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious and other diseases.
Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.
The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Localized reduction of blood flow to brain tissue due to arterial obstruction or systemic hypoperfusion. This frequently occurs in conjunction with brain hypoxia (HYPOXIA, BRAIN). Prolonged ischemia is associated with BRAIN INFARCTION.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The abrupt and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age, remaining unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history. (Pediatr Pathol 1991 Sep-Oct;11(5):677-84)
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.
Techniques used to carry out clinical investigative procedures in the diagnosis and therapy of disease.
General or unspecified injuries involving the leg.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Substances added to pharmaceutical preparations to protect them from chemical change or microbial action. They include ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS and antioxidants.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
A surgical specialty concerned with the structure and function of the eye and the medical and surgical treatment of its defects and diseases.
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
Selection of a type of occupation or profession.
Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
A disease of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) that is characterized by fluctuating SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS; TINNITUS; episodic VERTIGO; and aural fullness. It is the most common form of endolymphatic hydrops.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It seeks to improve oral, dental and craniofacial health through research, research training, and the dissemination of health information by conducting and supporting basic and clinical research. It was established in 1948 as the National Institute of Dental Research and re-named in 1998 as the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
On the job training programs for personnel carried out within an institution or agency. It includes orientation programs.
The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
Devices used to protect and restrain infant and child automotive passengers.
Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.
Study of the principles and practices of library administration and services.
Societies whose membership is limited to pharmacists.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts research focused on improving the treatment and prevention of alcoholism and alcohol-related problems to reduce the health, social, and economic consequences of this disease. NIAAA, NIMH, and NIDA were created as coequal institutes within the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration in 1974. It was established within the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH in 1992.
Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.
The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
Those physicians who have completed the education requirements specified by the American Academy of Family Physicians.
Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.
Equipment and furniture used by infants and babies in the home, car, and play area.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
An agency of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that conducts and supports programs for the prevention and control of disease and provides consultation and assistance to health departments and other countries.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Simultaneous and continuous monitoring of several parameters during sleep to study normal and abnormal sleep. The study includes monitoring of brain waves, to assess sleep stages, and other physiological variables such as breathing, eye movements, and blood oxygen levels which exhibit a disrupted pattern with sleep disturbances.
A combined vaccine used to prevent MEASLES; MUMPS; and RUBELLA.
Use for general articles concerning medical education.
Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.
Voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be as one's own child, usually with legal confirmation.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
Seizures that occur during a febrile episode. It is a common condition, affecting 2-5% of children aged 3 months to five years. An autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance has been identified in some families. The majority are simple febrile seizures (generally defined as generalized onset, single seizures with a duration of less than 30 minutes). Complex febrile seizures are characterized by focal onset, duration greater than 30 minutes, and/or more than one seizure in a 24 hour period. The likelihood of developing epilepsy (i.e., a nonfebrile seizure disorder) following simple febrile seizures is low. Complex febrile seizures are associated with a moderately increased incidence of epilepsy. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p784)
A proteolytic enzyme in the serine protease family found in many tissues which converts PLASMINOGEN to FIBRINOLYSIN. It has fibrin-binding activity and is immunologically different from UROKINASE-TYPE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR. The primary sequence, composed of 527 amino acids, is identical in both the naturally occurring and synthetic proteases.
Instructional materials used in teaching.
A game in which a round inflated ball is advanced by kicking or propelling with any part of the body except the hands or arms. The object of the game is to place the ball in opposite goals.
Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)
The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.
Facilities which provide care for pre-school and school-age children.
Works about lists of drugs or collections of recipes, formulas, and prescriptions for the compounding of medicinal preparations. Formularies differ from PHARMACOPOEIAS in that they are less complete, lacking full descriptions of the drugs, their formulations, analytic composition, chemical properties, etc. In hospitals, formularies list all drugs commonly stocked in the hospital pharmacy.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
The posture of an individual lying face down.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
The process of observing, recording, or detecting the effects of a chemical substance administered to an individual therapeutically or diagnostically.
Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.
The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
The application of discoveries generated by laboratory research and preclinical studies to the development of clinical trials and studies in humans. A second area of translational research concerns enhancing the adoption of best practices.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Yellow discoloration of the SKIN; MUCOUS MEMBRANE; and SCLERA in the NEWBORN. It is a sign of NEONATAL HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA. Most cases are transient self-limiting (PHYSIOLOGICAL NEONATAL JAUNDICE) occurring in the first week of life, but some can be a sign of pathological disorders, particularly LIVER DISEASES.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Injuries resulting in hemorrhage, usually manifested in the skin.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of pharmacy.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The educational process of instructing.
Liquid formulations for the nutrition of infants that can substitute for BREAST MILK.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.

Burnet Oration: living in the Burnet lineage. (1/422)

Scientific discoveries are not made in isolation. Innovation depends on resources, both intellectual and physical. A primary requirement is the development and maintenance of appropriate institutions. Such structures do not emerge by chance, but arise from opportunity, political will and the continued efforts and commitment of many people over long periods. Suitable buildings, laboratories and state-of-the-art equipment are obviously necessary, but hardware alone is of little value in the absence of a vibrant research culture. The key characteristics of the latter are intellectual foment, open debate and a body of wisdom and knowledge about the particular subject area. Rolf Zinkernagel and 1 played a part in triggering a paradigm shift in the understanding of T cell recognition, a contribution recognized by the 1996 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. In our Nobel lectures, we both discussed briefly why it was that the John Curtin School of Medical Research (JCSMR) of 1973-75 provided a milieu that facilitated the emergence of the underlying experiments and ideas. My intention here is to discuss in more detail the scientific lineages that put this physical and intellectual environment in place, focusing particularly on the influence of Sir Frank Macfarlane (Sir Mac) Burnet as we celebrate his centenary year.  (+info)

Informatics at the National Institutes of Health: a call to action. (2/422)

Biomedical informatics, imaging, and engineering are major forces driving the knowledge revolutions that are shaping the agendas for biomedical research and clinical medicine in the 21st century. These disciplines produce the tools and techniques to advance biomedical research, and continually feed new technologies and procedures into clinical medicine. To sustain this force, an increased investment is needed in the physics, biomedical science, engineering, mathematics, information science, and computer science undergirding biomedical informatics, engineering, and imaging. This investment should be made primarily through the National Institutes of Health (NIH). However, the NIH is not structured to support such disciplines as biomedical informatics, engineering, and imaging that cross boundaries between disease- and organ-oriented institutes. The solution to this dilemma is the creation of a new institute or center at the NIH devoted to biomedical imaging, engineering, and informatics. Bills are being introduced into the 106th Congress to authorize such an entity. The pathway is long and arduous, from the introduction of bills in the House and Senate to the realization of new opportunities for biomedical informatics, engineering, and imaging at the NIH. There are many opportunities for medical informaticians to contribute to this realization.  (+info)

Health related research in Bangladesh: MEDLINE based analysis. (3/422)

BACKGROUND: Health research is not a priority sector in Bangladesh. By and large, physicians and academicians are neither interested nor are they properly trained to conduct quality research. The objective of this study is to quantify the volume of researches related to health in Bangladesh with a view to propose remedial measures. METHODS: Data regarding health research, originating from Bangladesh during the period of 1990-1996, were extracted from MEDLINE database using certain inclusion criteria. Data on name of the institution, main author (Bangladeshi or foreigner), country of publication, and research topics were abstracted and analyzed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: A total of 580 (on average 83 per year) articles met the inclusion criteria. About two-third (64.0%) of the researches were from International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh, followed by Institute of Post Graduate Medicine & Research with 5.7%. Seven medical colleges and one dental college collectively contributed 5.8%. Infectious diseases was the single largest (54.8%) topic dealt with, followed by non-infectious diseases (7.7%), and nutrition and nutrition-related diseases (6.9%). CONCLUSION: The number of research articles from Bangladesh is very small possibly owing to the lack of proper training and funding shortage. Incorporating research methodology in both graduate and postgraduate medical education, appointing researchers in clinical and academic departments and allocating more funding towards research activities are necessary to boost health related research activities in Bangladesh.  (+info)

A treasure house of comparative embryology. (4/422)

The Embryo Collection of the Hubrecht Laboratory is a treasure house of comparative embryology. It is the largest and most important collection of its kind in the world, and consists of thousands of vertebrate embryos stored in alcohol, or prepared as histological sections. Many elusive species are included in the collection, some represented by complete developmental series. The accompanying archives offer a remarkable insight into the methods used to collect embryos form wild animals, as well as the motives behind the founders of the collection. Carefully maintained, documented and catalogued, the collection is available for study by all interested scientists. We argue that this collection is one of the greatest biodiversity resources in existence.  (+info)

The EFQM excellence model: European and Dutch experiences with the EFQM approach in health care. European Foundation for Quality Management. (5/422)

One way to meet the challenges in creating a high performance organization in health care is the approach of the European Foundation for Quality Management (EFQM). The Foundation is in the tradition of the American Malcolm Baldrige Award and was initiated by the European Commission and 14 European multi-national organizations in 1988. The essence of the approach is the EFQM Model, which can be used as a self-assessment instrument on all levels of a health care organization and as an auditing instrument for the Quality Award. In 1999 the EFQM Model was revised but its principles remained the same. In The Netherlands many health care organizations apply the EFQM Model. In addition to improvement projects, peer review of professional practices, accreditation and certification, the EFQM Approach is used mainly as a framework for quality management and as a conceptualization for organizational excellence. The Dutch National Institute for Quality, the Instituut Nederlandse Kwaliteit, delivers training and supports self-assessment and runs the Dutch quality award programme. Two specific guidelines for health care organizations, 'Positioning and Improving' and 'Self-Assessment', have been developed and are used frequently. To illustrate the EFQM approach in The Netherlands, the improvement project of the Jellinek Centre is described. The Jellinek Centre conducted internal and external assessments and received in 1996, as the first health care organization, the Dutch Quality Prize.  (+info)

A national survey of policies on disclosure of conflicts of interest in biomedical research. (6/422)

BACKGROUND: Conflicts of interest pose a threat to the integrity of scientific research. The current regulations of the U.S. Public Health Service and the National Science Foundation require that medical schools and other research institutions report the existence of conflicts of interest to the funding agency but allow the institutions to manage conflicts internally. The regulations do not specify how to do so. METHODS: We surveyed all medical schools (127) and other research institutions (170) that received more than $5 million in total grants annually from the National Institutes of Health or the National Science Foundation; 48 journals in basic science and clinical medicine; and 17 federal agencies in order to analyze their policies on conflicts of interest. RESULTS: Of the 297 institutions, 250 (84 percent) responded by March 2000, as did 47 of the 48 journals and 16 of the 17 federal agencies. Fifteen of the 250 institutions (6 percent)--5 medical schools and 10 other research institutions--reported that they had no policy on conflicts of interest. Among the institutions that had policies, there was marked variation in the definition and management of conflicts. Ninety-one percent had policies that adhered to the federal threshold for disclosure ($10,000 in annual income or equity in a relevant company or 5 percent ownership), and 9 percent had policies that exceeded the federal guidelines. Only 8 percent had policies requiring disclosure to funding agencies, only 7 percent had such policies regarding journals, and only 1 percent had policies requiring the disclosure of information to the relevant institutional review boards or to research subjects. Twenty journals (43 percent) reported that they had policies requiring disclosure of conflicts of interest. Only four federal agencies had policies that explicitly addressed conflicts of interest in extramural research, and all but one of the agencies relied primarily on institutional discretion. CONCLUSIONS: There is substantial variation among policies on conflicts of interest at medical schools and other research institutions. This variation, combined with the fact that many scientific journals and funding agencies do not require disclosure of conflicts of interest, suggests that the current standards may not be adequate to maintain a high level of scientific integrity.  (+info)

Community outreach at biomedical research facilities. (7/422)

For biomedical researchers to fulfill their responsibility for protecting the environment, they must do more than meet the scientific challenge of reducing the number and volume of hazardous materials used in their laboratories and the engineering challenge of reducing pollution and shifting to cleaner energy sources. They must also meet the public relations challenge of informing and involving their neighbors in these efforts. The experience of the Office of Community Liaison of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in meeting the latter challenge offers a model and several valuable lessons for other biomedical research facilities to follow. This paper is based on presentations by an expert panel during the Leadership Conference on Biomedical Research and the Environment held 1--2 November 1999 at NIH, Bethesda, Maryland. The risks perceived by community members are often quite different from those identified by officials at the biomedical research facility. The best antidote for misconceptions is more and better information. If community organizations are to be informed participants in the decision-making process, they need a simple but robust mechanism for identifying and evaluating the environmental hazards in their community. Local government can and should be an active and fully informed partner in planning and emergency preparedness. In some cases this can reduce the regulatory burden on the biomedical research facility. In other cases it might simplify and expedite the permitting process or help the facility disseminate reliable information to the community. When a particular risk, real or perceived, is of special concern to the community, community members should be involved in the design, implementation, and evaluation of targeted risk assessment activities. Only by doing so will the community have confidence in the results of those activities. NIH has involved community members in joint efforts to deal with topics as varied as recycling and soil testing. These ad hoc efforts are more likely to succeed if community members and groups have also been included in larger and longer term advisory committees. These committees institutionalize the outreach process. This can provide the facility with vocal and influential allies who create an independent line of communication with the larger community.  (+info)

Diet quality, nutrient intake, weight status, and feeding environments of girls meeting or exceeding recommendations for total dietary fat of the American Academy of Pediatrics. (8/422)

OBJECTIVES: To compare the diet quality and weight status of girls consuming diets meeting the recommendation of the American Academy of Pediatrics for dietary fat with those of girls consuming >30% of energy from fat and to examine relationships between girls' dietary fat intake, mothers' nutrient intakes, and mothers' child-feeding practices. DESIGN: Participants were 192 white girls and their mothers, who were divided into 2 groups: >30% of energy from fat (high fat [HF]) or +info)

Funding in support of Regulation of fetal growth by hypoxia and nutritional deprivation - Awarded by LHRI. Funding in support of Randomized controlled trial of food elimination for treatment of primary headache in children - Awarded by CHRI. Funding in support of Regulation of IGF-1 bioavailability in intrauterine growth restriction: maternal and decidual IGFBP-1 hyperphosphorylation - Awarded by CHRI. Funding in support of The Role of IGFBP-1 Phosphorylation in Human Fetal and Postnatal Growth in Very Preterm Infants - Awarded by Childrens Health Research Institute (CHRI). Funding in support of The Role of IGFBP-1 Phosphorylation in Human Fetal and Postnatal Grwoth in Very Preterm Infants - Lawson Health Research Institute (LHRI). Funding in support of Functional Recovery in Critically Ill Children: The WEE-COVER Longitudinal Cohort Study - Awarded by Academic Medical Organization of Southwestern Ontario (AMOSO). Funding in support of Study of the Current Model of Care for ...
Funding in support of Maternal Virtual Infant Nutrition Support Clinic (MAVINS clinic) - Awarded by AHSC AFP Innovation Fund. Funding in support of A Family Integrated Care Model for the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit - Awarded by Canadian Institutes of Health Research Institute (CIHR). Funding in support of Enhancing Breast Milk Production with Domperidone in Mothers of Preterm Neonates (EMPOWER Trial) - Awarded by Canadian Institute of Health Research (CIHR). Funding in support of Bipolar Disorder: Screening, Prevalence and Neonatal Outcomes - Awarded by Ontario Mental Health Foundation. Funding in support of Post Discharge Nutrition Support for Preterm Infants in Southwestern Ontario - Awarded by AMOSO-Academic Medical Organization of Southwestern Ontario. Funding in support of The World Health Organization Global Survey for Maternal and Perinatal Outcomes in Canada - Awarded by Canadian Institute of Health Research (CIHR). ...
Research outputs, collaborations and relationships for Galicia Sur Health Research Institute (IISGS) published between 1 December 2019 - 30 November 2020 as tracked by the Nature Index.
VISION. The American Health Research Institute (AHRI), a Public Health Research entity exits to narrow health disparities in the United States. The purpose of the Institute will continue to be fulfilled with its vision, which includes the recruitment of the best and willing to work methodologists from diversified disciplines that define public health core and essential functions. By this collaboration and integration of minds, this will create synergism in design, conduct, interpretation and application of evidence in health disparities narrowing. With this synergistic structure, the AHRI will ensure valid and reliable evidence from national, regional and local databases that will provide the opportunity for spatial, time-spatial and race/ethnic specific intervention in health disparities narrowing. This strategy will place AHRI as one of the leading associates in geo-epidemiologic and racial/ethnic mapping of disease by the year 2020. PHILOSOPHY AND OBJECTIVES. The AHRI was conceived in 2009 in ...
Tuesday, February 27, 2018. The Stanford Child Health Research Institute will officially launch a new seminar series starting March, highlighting current research and the latest developments in maternal child health. This premier event serves as forum for engaging in conversations with other researchers and scientists across the Stanford community who are dedicated to solving health issues in this field.. Anthony Oro, MD PhD, the Eugene and Gloria Bauer Professor of Dermatology and co-director of the CHRI, chairs the education committee that oversees the Institutes educational and development initiatives, including the seminars.. Our mission is to create a collaborative community that brings together the best and brightest minds from across the University and beyond to discuss and solve high-level challenges facing the research community, said Dr. Oro. The seminars provide a platform to showcase the incredible work being done in maternal and child health, as well as our commitment to ...
Health, ...SEATTLE WA; ARLINGTON VA; and DEERFIELD ILIn recognition of his sig...Dr. Wagner founded Group Health Research Institute (GHRI) in 1983. It ...A professor of health services at the University of Washington School ... Dr. Wagner provides innovation and excellence in everything he does ...,Group,Health,Research,Institute,founder,Dr.,Ed,Wagner,wins,William,B.,Graham,Prize,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
CAPHRI is one of Maastricht Universitys Schools, with a focus on Healthcare Innovation and Public Health Research. We aim to improve peoples health by performing the highest quality, multidisciplinary research across the complete Healthcare Chain, ranging from Prevention and Primary Care to Rehabilitation and Elderly Care. CAPHRI attracts top scientists from around the world to contribute to this mission and offers a comprehensive PhD training programme for young scientists. Please find out more about our Organisation, our Research or join us as a PhD candidate.. ...
In a new study from Lawson Health Research Institute and Western University, researchers partnered with youth receiving care at the First Episode Mood and Anxiety Program (FEMAP) at London Health Sciences Centre (LHSC) to better understand personal perspectives on care and treatment outcomes.
The Womens Health Research Institute provides a broad array of programs that help researchers make new dicoveries, let scholars educate scientists of the future, and help all women receive better, more personalized healthcare.
The Retinoblastoma protein (pRB) has long been studied for its role in cell growth and the prevention of cancer. In a new Lawson Health Research Institute study, scientists have discovered that pRB plays another, larger role with the potential to enhance therapies for cancer and other diseases such as HIV.
Diana S.M. Buist, PhD, senior investigator at Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute, answered these questions. A: Whether women had had breast cancer in the past or not, they…
Niroo Research Institute has no obligation to monitor the Communication Services. However, Niroo Research Institute reserves the right to review materials posted to a Communication Service and to remove any materials in its sole discretion. Niroo Research Institute reserves the right to terminate your access to any or all of the Communication Services at any time without notice for any reason whatsoever.. Niroo Research Institute reserves the right at all times to disclose any information as necessary to satisfy any applicable law, regulation, legal process or governmental request, or to edit, refuse to post or to remove any information or materials, in whole or in part, in Niroo Research Institutes sole discretion.. Always use caution when giving out any personally identifying information about yourself or your children in any Communication Service. Niroo Research Institute does not control or endorse the content, messages or information found in any Communication Service and, therefore, Niroo ...
​Janelia Research Campus started as an idea sketched on the back of a napkin. Today, it stands as a research campus where scientists ask, learn, and collaborate on some of neurobiologys biggest unknowns. How did Janelia go from a concept to bustling campus? Part of the answer lies in the first group of scientists, the pioneers of our research, who took a chance on Janelia. They began to build the foundation of scientists, staff, visitors, and friends behind the collaborative culture that drives our science forward.
Looking for Agricultural Scientific Research Institutes? Find out information about Agricultural Scientific Research Institutes. scientific institutions that conduct research on agriculture.Agricultural scientific research institutes have several fundamental tasks. They conduct... Explanation of Agricultural Scientific Research Institutes
Magee-Womens Research Institute and Foundation is the largest research institute in the U.S. devoted exclusively to womens health research.
YANDA MEDICAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE is one of the five core parts in YANDA INTERNATIONAL HEALTH CITY (YANDA INTERNATIONAL HOSPITAL, YANDA GOLDEN AGE HEALTH NURSING CENTER, YANDA MEDICAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE, YANDA INTERNATIONAL MEDICAL AND NURSING TRAINING INSTITUTE and YANDA INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE CENTER) and as well as an open medical study organization characterized by internationalization, marketization and information.. YANDA MEDICAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE caries out with the management system of open platform, current account, optimized resources and science and technology application and has established three institutes and one center, namely, molecular diagnosis and biochip research institute, stem cell and regenerative medicine research institute, laboratory medicine institute and biology treatment center under the principle of considering in the long run and developing with a steady pace. Taking the world advanced medical technology such as stem cell treatment, gene treatment and ...
Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute is one of Canadas top-funded health research institutes. Our research discoveries have improved quality of life and changed how health care is delivered and received.
Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute is one of Canadas top-funded health research institutes. Our research discoveries have improved quality of life and changed how health care is delivered and received.
Michigan House Speaker Andy Dillon, right, visited the Life Sciences Institute on Friday to meet with stem cell researchers from across the U-M campus. Pictured from left are: Mark Burton of Dillons staff; Sean Morrison, director of the Center for Stem Cell Biology; Jack Mosher, assistant research scientist at the Life Sciences Institute; Kirk Profit, director of Governmental Consultant Services Inc.; Marty Fischoff, managing director of the A. Alfred Taubman Medical Research Institute; Cynthia Wilbanks, vice president for government relations; Liz Barry, managing director of the Life Sciences Institute; Gary Smith and Sue OShea, co-directors of the Consortium for Stem Cell Therapies; Dr. Eva Feldman, director of the A. Alfred Taubman Medical Research. (Photo by Jennifer Farina, Life Sciences Institute) ...
The location, personnel, and motivation for scientific research have undergone significant changes in the last quarter of the 20th century. Today, graduate students are often situated in research institutes that are separated from their host university and have their own research focus and administration. In Toronto, the University Health Network, Samuel Lunenfeld and Hospital for Sick Children research institutes, among others, host a large number of graduate students: 373, 94, and approximately 500, respectively (1-3). These students are not hospital employees and have identical rights and needs as graduate students located in the university proper. Too often, the unique station of graduate students in hospital-based research institutes is lost in the midst of high-pressure science.. Research institutes are primarily answerable to the foundations and corporate partners that provide funding. In turn, foundations and corporations are accountable to their sponsors and stockholders. Sponsors and ...
Latest news - Advance Medicare Research Institute Hospital, Photos - Advance Medicare Research Institute Hospital, Videos - Advance Medicare Research Institute Hospital.Advance Medicare Research Institute Hospital updates on Rediff News
7 Vacancies at ICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute. Apply Before 17th November,2014. Name of the Government Organization: ICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute. ICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute invites applications for the following posts:. Job Designation: Young Professionals-I. Number of Vacancy: 07 (Seven). Place of Work: Jhansi. Last Date To Apply: 17th November,2014. Contact Address: ICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute,Pahuj Dam,Gwalior Road,Jhansi-284 002. Advertisement Details: Employment News (8 - 14 November) Page 37. ...
From a pure academic concern, what I believe is that every scientist and scientific argument should be open to discussion and criticism. This is the crucial component of recording progress in scientific discoveries and making corrections if there is any misconceptions. In this case, there should be no hesitation or restriction on raising voice of professionals on this matter. When I read your warning on paying attention on signing this petition if tenure is not obtained, I felt like this is something against the followers of a dogmatic believe or political ideology. Are these people raising concerns about a religion and its prophet? Do they treat Darwinism as a religion and Darwin as their prophet, and These clearly show that the scientific community is biased toward the Darwinian views, ignore any scientific counter thinking, and even hunt those raising this issues. In this regard, I support everyone who risk their career for the sake of professionalism. Thanks. Dr. Abdulkadir ...
U-M Life Sciences Institute Saltiel Life Sciences Symposium Game Changers: Technologies that are Rewriting the Future of the Life ...
Scientists at the University of Michigan Life Sciences Institute have discovered how one type of enzyme allows a microorganism to produce molecules with a wide range of potentially beneficial activities - from fighting insects to killing fungus.. Hapalindoles compose a large class of structurally diverse natural products made by cyanobacteria. Their structural diversity is reflected in the widely varying activities of the products, including antibacterial, antifungal and insecticidal activities. Until recently, relatively little was known about how nature manages to develop these diverse organic compounds from the same starting material. Now, researchers in the lab of David Sherman, Ph.D., at the LSI have shown that the various structural arrangements in this class all arise from a central starting point and all begin their transformations through a novel class of enzymes.. By solving the structure of an enzyme called a Stig (for Stigonemataceae) cyclase, the U-M researchers were able to ...
For the AHLA Life Sciences Institute, Epstein Becker Green attorney Bradley M. Thompson presented an update on combination products. ...
Competing interests JA: consulting fees: Bristol-Myers Squibb, Sanofi-Aventis and Eli Lilly. Lecture fees: AstraZeneca, Novartis, Merck, Sharp & Dohme and Sanofi-Aventis. Research funding: AstraZeneca. BN and MN: none. DLB: advisory board: Cardax, Elsevier Practice Update Cardiology, Medscape Cardiology, Regado Biosciences. Board of directors: Boston VA Research Institute, Society of Cardiovascular Patient Care. Chair: American Heart Association Get With The Guidelines Steering Committee. Data monitoring committees: Duke Clinical Research Institute, Harvard Clinical Research Institute, Mayo Clinic, Population Health Research Institute. Honoraria: American College of Cardiology (Senior Associate Editor, Clinical Trials and News,, Belvoir Publications (Editor in Chief, Harvard Heart Letter), Duke Clinical Research Institute (clinical trial steering committees), Harvard Clinical Research Institute (clinical trial steering committee), HMP Communications (Editor in Chief, Journal of Invasive ...
How is the brain wired to produce behaviors critical for life? This is one of the central scientific questions being addressed at the Janelia Farm campus of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI). The HHMI scientists are making amazing progress at Janelia Farm, working in multidiscplinary teams are using both bottom-up and top-down approaches, in a new state-of-the-art $500M facility.. The ultimate aim, of course, is to understand behaviors of the human brain, but the sheer complexity of our brain makes this a daunting challenge. Instead, the HHMI scientists are studying organisms, such as fruit flies and C. elegans (a type of microscopic worm), with relatively simpler nervous systems. Since evolution tends to conserve form and function across species, lessons learned by studying the brains and behaviors of these animals can be used to understand that of humans.. Broadly speaking, the problem is being attacked from two directions. In the bottom-up approach, Drs. Scheffer, Chklovskii, and ...
The EMGO⁺ Institute is in transition towards the Amsterdam Public Health research institute (APH) by merging its EMGO⁺ research with the public health research of the AMC. This transition is part of the future alliance between VUmc and AMC, which is foreseen to materialize early 2018 pending approval by a number of overarching Dutch governmental bodies In order to allow for a smooth transition regarding the research agendas of Academic Medical Centers from January 2017 onwards all our EMGO⁺ activities are now officially part of APH, i.e. one of the eight research institutions of the alliance However, at the same time all current EMGO+ affairs are being settled properly until the end of 2017, because of the current funding cycle of EMGO+. APH is led by Martine de Bruijne, MD, PhD.. For more information about the Amsterdam Public Health research institute we kindly refer you to the APH website.. ...
Becoming the manager of the Drosophila and Media Prep Shared Resources at Janelia has been quite a change from being Gerry Rubins lab manager at UC-Berkeley for 23 years. Moving from a lab with a single focus to a facility comprised of multiple labs with various directions of research has been an exciting transformation for my career. I have enjoyed assembling a group of talented individuals who are an integral part of the science at Janelia.
PDF Version For Release July 19, 2011. KANSAS CITY, Mo. - The Kansas City Area Life Sciences Institute (KCALSI) today announced four regional recipients of the 2011 Research Development Grants awarded to research projects that explore the genetic basis of diseases affecting children.. The KCALSI grants are funded by the Paul Patton Charitable Trust, Bank of America, Corporate Co-Trustee. Each recipient will receive a $50,000 grant that supports additional study on a particular research project, thus better positioning the recipients to apply for significantly larger federal grants.. Making local funds available for research projects is a huge boost for our regional scientists, said Dr. Dan Getman, president of KCALSI. The $750,000 that has been given to our 13 grantees from 2007 to 2010 has generated $5.4 million in awarded and pending federal funding for these scientists projects.. A unique aspect of this years awards is that two of the grants support projects from colleges of veterinary ...
Biography: Allison (Allie) Carter is a feminist researcher, writer, and activist. Her work focuses on contemporary issues in sexuality, health, and human rights. Over the past eight years, she has conducted various quantitative and qualitative studies on the experiences and unmet needs of hidden, silenced, or under-researched populations, including, in particular, women living with HIV. She works from a community-based research model, engaging communities affected by epidemics as full partners within the research process. Her current research involves developing new methodological approaches to studies of sexual well-being with a unique interest in understanding how social, cultural, and political issues frame intimacy and personal lives in the context of infectious diseases. In addition, she is a co-investigator on 10 Canadian Institutes of Health Research studies investigating the social determinants of HIV and sexual health among women in Canada. Allie has published 29 scientific articles and ...
Winthrop-University Hospital is pleased to announce that it has been awarded a $1,000,000 grant by the Regional Economic Development Council to support the construction of its brand new, 94,000 square foot Research Institute, already under construction at the corner of Mineola Boulevard and Second Street in Mineola. Groundbreaking took place several weeks ago and the construction is already underway.. The new, ultra modern Research Institute will consolidate clinical and bench research for all of Winthrops ongoing research initiatives. In addition to research on diabetes, obesity and the cardiometabolic complications that arise from those conditions, Winthrops Research Institute will focus on other pressing national and local health issues, including reducing premature births and treating conditions related to aging, such as Alzheimers disease and arthritis. The new facility will bring all the hospitals researchers together in a translational atmosphere that will foster collaboration, dialog, ...
Grant Support: By grants HG002213, HG006500, HD077671, HG006993, AG013846, RR000533, RR010284, and TR001102 from the National Institutes of Health.. Disclosures: Dr. Christensen reports grants from the National Human Genome Research Institute during the conduct of the study. Dr. Bhatt reports grants from Amarin Pharma, AstraZeneca, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Eisai, Ethicon, Medtronic, Sanofi Aventis, The Medicines Company, Roche, Pfizer, Forest Laboratories, and Ischemix; other from Flowco Solutions, PLx Pharma, Takeda Pharmaceuticals, Medscape Cardiology, Regado Biosciences, Boston VA Research Institute, Clinical Cardiology, Department of Veterans Affairs, St. Jude Medical, Biotronik, and Cardax Pharmaceuticals; personal fees from Duke Clinical Research Institute, Mayo Clinic, Population Health Research Institute, American College of Cardiology, Belvoir Publications, Slack Publications, WebMD, Elsevier, HMP Communications, Harvard Clinical Research Institute, and Journal of the American College of ...
The Institute exists to develop the evidence underpinning public health strategies. It provides a national institute of excellence for the measurement and interpretation of biochemical, functional and dietary indicators of nutritional status and health. At ANAHRI, seven teams of Investigators dedicate their research to improving the nutrition and health of infants, children and youth.
Biography: Dr. Soren Gantt is an Associate Professor with the Division of Infectious Diseases in the Department of Pediatrics, UBC Faculty of Medicine, BC Childrens Hospital and CFRI. An accomplished virologist, Dr. Gantts main research focus is on how common infections affect immunocompromised children and adults.. Trained as an MD/PhD at New York University, Dr. Gantt is a skilled pediatric infectious disease specialist with expertise in translational research on viral infections in children. With his background and experience, he is well positioned to contribute to the diagnosis, management, treatment and prevention of viral infections, and his work has the potential to contribute to the burgeoning field of vaccine development for herpes family viruses such as Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, and herpes simplex. Dr. Gantt is an excellent fit for the translational research activities of the Centre for Understanding and Preventing Infection in Children and BC Womens Oak Tree Clinic, ...
The core functions of public health stresses the importance of assessment in meeting the substance of public health, which are disease control and health promotions. The assessment component of the public health core function is achieved through the joint effort of epidemiology and biostatistics. Health policy ensures that public health services are provided for the populations in need of such services. The understanding of the populations in need depends on the magnitude of the health problems and the existing resources to address such problems. Therefore findings from epidemiologic studies should serve as the building blocks for health policy formulation and implementation. In the light of this, unless policy formulation builds on health research findings that utilized sound epidemiologic principles and methods in their designs and reality in their statistical modeling of the data, health issues will remain unaddressed appropriately in our nation. ...
Co-PIs: Jennifer Cochran, PhD, Bioengineering and Chemical Engineering; Edward Graves, PhD, Radiation Oncology; Mark Smith, PhD, Institute for Chemical Biology; Yoon-Jae Cho, MD, Neurology. Project Title: Generation and use of novel glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activators to correct G6PD deficiency; application for neonatal jaundice ...
Nuala is a lecturer and researcher in the Department of Management and Marketing at the Kemmy Business School in the University of Limerick. Her areas of focus include Strategic Management, Leadership and Organisational Behaviour. She has been a lecturer at the University College Cork, UCD Michael Smurfit Graduate Business School, University College Dublin, The National College of Ireland, NUI Galway and currently in University of Limerick. Prior to becoming a full time lecturer Nuala has worked in industry where her main responsibilities included HR Business Management, Organisational Development, Team Development and Learning Organisation Management. This experience has led to a wide range of teaching, research and publication interests in the broad area of leadership development, strategic management and general organisational behaviour. She is currently carrying out research with the University Limerick Hospital Group and the Irish Blood Transfusion Service in the area of Leadership and ...
Tuohy, D. & Cooney, A. (2019 - online open access). Older womens experiences of aging and health: An interpretive phenomenological study. Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine. OBrien, B., Tuohy, D., Fahy, A. & Markey, K. (2019). Home Students Experiences of Intercultural Learning: A Qualitative Descriptive Design. Nurse Education Today. 74: 25-30. McCarthy, J., Graham, M.M., Tuohy, D., OBrien, B., Fahy, A., Hennessy, T. OSullivan, D. & Markey, K. (2018). Potential and challenges for learning during acute medical/surgical placement for intellectual disability, mental health and midwifery students. Nurse Education in Practice. 28: 135-140. National Undergraduate Curriculum Working Group. (2017). National Undergraduate Curriculum for Chronic Disease Prevention and Management Part 1: Making Every Contact Count for Health Behaviour Change. Health Service Executive, ...
A new medical imaging system that could dramatically improve cancer detection in women with dense breast tissue is moving to the next stage. With testing of a prototype almost finished, clinical trials may begin this year using a high-resolution, high-sensitivity Positron Emission Mammography (PEM) detector thats been developed by Lakehead University and the Thunder Bay Regional Health Research Institute with help from local partners.. Our device can be used as a primary screening tool for women for whom mammography doesnt see small lesions or women who have a higher-than-average risk of breast cancer, such as those with dense breast tissue, explains Dr. Alla Reznik, a professor in Lakeheads Physics department.. Reznik is the Canada Research Chair in Physics of Molecular Imaging and is a Chief Scientific Officer at Radialis Medical - the first joint venture between Lakehead and the Health Research Institute. Since arriving in Thunder Bay a decade ago, she has been working to improve early ...
From EWG: The known extent of the contamination of U.S. communities with PFCs - highly fluorinated toxic chemicals, also known as PFASs, that have been linked… View More Mapping a Contamination Crisis ...
by Bridget Hanna The Exposome, a term coined by Christopher Wild in 2005, describes environmental exposures as basically anything that is not genomic. As such… View More Bridget Hanna, SSEHRI Postdoc, Participates in Emorys Summer Course on the Exposome ...
A new study found that nearly 1 in 4 overweight American women believes her body weight as normal, while conversely, around 1 in 6 normal weight women regards herself as overweight.
AHRI reserves the right in special circumstances to accept late applications or to extend the above date to facilitate further searches. Furthermore, AHRI reserves the right not to make an appointment. Please consider your application unsuccessful if you have not been contacted within 4 weeks of the closing date ...
REFERENCE: The case of the disappearing teaspoons: longitudinal cohort study of the displacement of teaspoons in an Australian research institute. (2005) BMJ 331:1498-1500 ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To determine the overall rate of loss of workplace teaspoons and whether attrition and displacement are correlated with the relative value of the teaspoons or type of tearoom. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Research institute employing about 140 people. SUBJECTS: 70 discreetly numbered teaspoons placed in tearooms around the institute and observed weekly over five months. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence of teaspoon loss per 100 teaspoon years and teaspoon half life. RESULTS: 56 (80%) of…
Dr. Lis current research interests include evaluating the neurotoxic potential of industrial and agricultural chemicals and application of quantitative risk assessment approaches and statistical methods to toxicity endpoints. Dr. Li served on the National Academy of Sciences National Research Council Committee on Toxicity Testing and Assessment of Environmental Agents in the 21st century, and multiple EPA Science Advisory Boards (SAB), including recent appointments to evaluate research on hydraulic fracturing and the toxicology and risk assessment for chemicals. She has served on international and national panels on the integration of in vivo and in vitro screening methods and development of databases for prioritizing chemicals for further testing and regulatory decision-making. She has been a member of several International Life Science Institute Committees on adult and developmental neurotoxicity testing (DNT), and toxicity testing strategies for pesticides. Dr. Li served on the U.S. expert ...
Follow the links below to read articles that we found useful in writing this article:. Ross CA. Vitamin A. In: Coates PM, Betz JM, Blackman MR, et al., eds. Encyclopedia of Dietary Supplements. 2nd ed. London and New York: Informa Healthcare; 2010:778-91. Ross A. Vitamin A and Carotenoids. In: Shils M, Shike M, Ross A, Caballero B, Cousins R, eds. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease. 10th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006:351-75.. Solomons NW. Vitamin A. In: Bowman B, Russell R, eds. Present Knowledge in Nutrition. 9th ed. Washington, DC: International Life Sciences Institute; 2006:157-83.. The Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention Study Group. The effect of vitamin E and beta carotene on the incidence of lung cancer and other cancers in male smokers. N Engl J Med 1994;330:1029-35.. Johnson EJ, Russell RM. Beta-Carotene. In: Coates PM, Betz JM, Blackman MR, et al., eds. Encyclopedia of Dietary Supplements. 2nd ed. London and New York: Informa Healthcare; ...
Department of Oral Biological and Medical Sciences, 4.401 Life Sciences Institute, University of British Columbia, 2350 Health Sciences Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z3, Canada.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 4.401 Life Sciences Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z3, Canada.Centre for Blood Research, 4.401 Life Sciences Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z3, Canada. ...
The Beckman Research Institute of City of Hope (BRI) is a not-for-profit medical research facility located at and partnering with the City of Hope National Medical Center in Duarte, CA, United States. It is dedicated to studying normal and abnormal biological processes which may be related to cancer, diabetes, HIV/AIDS and other life-threatening diseases. Both basic and clinical research are carried out in cooperation with the City of Hope National Medical Center. The institute itself is organized into more than a dozen departments and divisions. As of 2013, the director is Steven T. Rosen. The Beckman Research Institute also hosts the Irell & Manella Graduate School of Biological Sciences whose founding dean was Arthur Riggs. City of Hope was founded by the Jewish Consumptive Relief Association as a tuberculosis sanatorium, the Los Angeles Sanatorium, in 1913. As tuberculosis was increasingly controlled by use of antibiotics, executive director Samuel H. Golter proposed that the institution ...
A group of scientists led by Dr. Abdelilah Arredouani from the Diabetes Research Center at the Qatar Biomedical Research Institute (QBRI), a research institute of Hamad bin Khalifa University (HBKU), and Dr. Mario Falchi from the Department of Twin Research at Kings College in London, have conducted a study that could aid in the early prevention of the development of metabolic disorders ...
A group of scientists led by Dr. Abdelilah Arredouani from the Diabetes Research Center at the Qatar Biomedical Research Institute (QBRI), a research institute of Hamad bin Khalifa University (HBKU), and Dr. Mario Falchi from the Department of Twin Research at Kings College in London, have conducted a study that could aid in the early prevention of the development of metabolic disorders ...
Calcutta Medical Research Institute in Diamond Harbour Road, Kolkata. Book Appointment, Consult Doctors Online, View Doctor Fees, Contact Number, Address for Calcutta Medical Research Institute - Dr. Sabyasachi Mitra | Lybrate
Volunteer with Prostate Cancer Research Institute. Find Prostate Cancer Research Institute volunteering opportunities at VolunteerMatch!
The independent research institutes in San Diego owe their existence to the farsightedness of civic leaders. The Scripps Research Institutes earliest roots go back to its 1924 founding by San Diego philanthropist Ellen Browning Scripps as a small clinic focused on diabetes. Today, it is the largest independent research institute in the country. In the 1960s, the City of San Diego donated 27 acres to Jonas Salk to build the Salk Institute for Biological Studies and zoned the spectacular Torrey Pines Mesa for the development of science and technology. UC San Diego and the major independent institutes which now include Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute along with numerous others, form a dense concentration of research and development that has contributed to the creation of hundreds of companies that form the life science and technology sectors in San Diego. More than 26,000 workers now congregate around the Torrey Pines Mesa, which has become a scientific mecca for the worlds best ...
A symposium on Osteoarthritis of the knee and hip joint was held at the AO Center Davos, Switzerland on July 28, 2017. The symposium was organized by the Musculoskeletal Regeneration Program of the AO Research Institute (ARI) in collaboration with Prof Markus Wimmer from the Department of Orthopaedics of the Rush University Medical Center​ in Chicago, US. Prof Mauro Alini, Head of the Musculoskeletal Regeneration Program, and Wimmer welcomed the audience by explaining the origins of their collaboration. In fact, the cooperation between Alini and Wimmer started in 1999 at the AO Research Institute Davos with the development of a novel pin-on-ball bioreactor system for cartilage tissue engineering and related research. Since then these cartilage bioreactors have been further developed both in Davos and in Chicago, and have resulted in numerous publications about mechanical effects on cartilage repair and chondrogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells. During the morning sessions of the symposium, ...
The Digital Enterprise Research Institute (DERI) is a former research institute at NUI Galway. It is now part of the Insight Centre for Data Analytics. Insight was established in 2013 by Science Foundation Ireland with funding of €75m.[1] DERIs focus is research into the Semantic Web and linked data. It was originally established as a Centre for Science, Engineering and Technology (CSET) in 2003 with funding from Science Foundation Ireland. Additional funding sources were EU Framework Programs, Enterprise Ireland, IRCSET, and industry. ...
Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI) is a multi-super-speciality, quaternary care hospital with an enviable international faculty, reputed clinicians, including super-sub-specialists and speciality nurses, supported by cutting-edge technology. A premium referral hospital, it endeavours to be the Mecca of Healthcare for Asia Pacific and beyond. Set on a spacious 11-acre campus with 1000 beds, this Next Generation Hospital is built on the foundation of Trust and rests on four strong pillars: Talent, Technology, Service and Infrastructure. ortis Memorial Research Institute is accredited by National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers (NABH) and follow the policies of the board to cater to much desired needs of the patients and to set quality benchmarks in healthcare industry. On the other hand, the blood bank at FMRI is accredited by NABH by its extensive service delivery in the related domain. Our laboratory services are also accredited by National Accreditation Board
Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI) is a multi-super-speciality, quaternary care hospital with an enviable international faculty, reputed clinicians, including super-sub-specialists and speciality nurses, supported by cutting-edge technology. A premium referral hospital, it endeavours to be the Mecca of Healthcare for Asia Pacific and beyond. Set on a spacious 11-acre campus with 1000 beds, this Next Generation Hospital is built on the foundation of Trust and rests on four strong pillars: Talent, Technology, Service and Infrastructure. ortis Memorial Research Institute is accredited by National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers (NABH) and follow the policies of the board to cater to much desired needs of the patients and to set quality benchmarks in healthcare industry. On the other hand, the blood bank at FMRI is accredited by NABH by its extensive service delivery in the related domain. Our laboratory services are also accredited by National Accreditation Board
Recipients of this award over the past 10 years include: Miranda Spessot (15), Michael Rac (14), Shairoz Jamal (13), Carolyn Skoworodko (12), Natasha Reaney (11), Sarah Ramey (10), Ian Semple (09), Kristen Reid (08), Raktim Mitra (07), Markus Moos (06).. Andrew Sacret (05) and David Fitzpatrick (08) each won a Canadian Institute of Planners Presidents Award for Young Planners.. Marcus Moos (06) and Nicholas Danford (13) each won a Canadian Institute of Planners Past President - Thomas Adams Scholarship.. Katherine Sparkes (08) won the Canadian Institute of Planners Presidents Scholarhip.. Sarah Ramey (10), Henry McQueen (11), Anya Paskovic (12) and Per Lundberg (14) each won a Canadian Institute of Planners Past President - Horace Seymour Scholarship.. Hillary Morgan (13) and Dilys Huang (15) each won a Canadian Institute of Planners Past President - Humphrey Carver Scholarship.. Anna Froehlich (12), Jonathan Pradinuk (13) and Sarah Nielsen (14) each won a Vancouver ...
The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) works with partners worldwide to enhance the roles that livestock play in food security and poverty alleviation, principally in Africa and Asia. The outcomes of these research partnerships help people in developing countries keep their farm animals alive and productive, increase their livestock and farm productivity in sustainable ways, find profitable markets for their animal products, and reduce the risk of livestock-related human diseases.. ILRI is a non-profit institution with a staff of about 700 and an annual operating budget of about US$80 million. ILRI is an international research institute co-hosted by Kenya and Ethiopia. It works through a network of regional and country offices and projects in East, South and Southeast Asia, Central, East, Southern and West Africa.. In the developing world, livestock are the fastest-growing part of agriculture. Due to population growth and other drivers of change, many of the developing worlds ...
Recruitment for Csir-central Food Technological Research Institute for the post of Senior Project Fellow.CSIR-CENTRAL FOOD TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE Recruitment and Sarkari Naukri for the Post of SENIOR PROJECT FELLOW Job Description Eligible candidates....
Welcome to Montreal Childrens Hospital Research Institute | Montreal Childrens Hospital Research Institute, McGill University Health Centre, Canada. Find admission contact, job vacancies, courses, programs, degrees, scholarships
TY - BOOK. T1 - Petroleum Technology at Danish Research Institutes. AU - Withauthor, Risø. PY - 1987. Y1 - 1987. M3 - Book. SN - 87-550-1338-4. BT - Petroleum Technology at Danish Research Institutes. PB - Risø National Laboratory. CY - Roskilde. ER - ...
Metro Hospital & Research Institute in Vadodara: Get complete information about Metro Hospital & Research Institute in Vadodara and its doctors list by speciality with complete address, appointment phone numbers, reviews, services and Website Detail | Sehat

No FAQ available that match "academies and institutes"

No images available that match "academies and institutes"