Abrus: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain ABRIN.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Abrin: A toxic lectin from the seeds of jequirity, Abrus precatorius L. Very active poison. Five different proteins have so far been isolated: Abrus agglutinin, the component responsible for: hemagglutinating activity, & abrins a-d, the toxic principals each consisting of two peptide chains are held together by disulfide bonds.Education, Pharmacy, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform graduate pharmacists of recent advances in their particular field.Famous PersonsPlant Lectins: Protein or glycoprotein substances of plant origin that bind to sugar moieties in cell walls or membranes. Some carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) from PLANTS also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. Many plant lectins change the physiology of the membrane of BLOOD CELLS to cause agglutination, mitosis, or other biochemical changes. They may play a role in plant defense mechanisms.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Lectins: Proteins that share the common characteristic of binding to carbohydrates. Some ANTIBODIES and carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. PLANT LECTINS are carbohydrate-binding proteins that have been primarily identified by their hemagglutinating activity (HEMAGGLUTININS). However, a variety of lectins occur in animal species where they serve diverse array of functions through specific carbohydrate recognition.Vitamin A: Retinol and derivatives of retinol that play an essential role in metabolic functioning of the retina, the growth of and differentiation of epithelial tissue, the growth of bone, reproduction, and the immune response. Dietary vitamin A is derived from a variety of CAROTENOIDS found in plants. It is enriched in the liver, egg yolks, and the fat component of dairy products.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Abrus: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain ABRIN.Abrin: A toxic lectin from the seeds of jequirity, Abrus precatorius L. Very active poison. Five different proteins have so far been isolated: Abrus agglutinin, the component responsible for: hemagglutinating activity, & abrins a-d, the toxic principals each consisting of two peptide chains are held together by disulfide bonds.Plant Lectins: Protein or glycoprotein substances of plant origin that bind to sugar moieties in cell walls or membranes. Some carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) from PLANTS also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. Many plant lectins change the physiology of the membrane of BLOOD CELLS to cause agglutination, mitosis, or other biochemical changes. They may play a role in plant defense mechanisms.Lectins: Proteins that share the common characteristic of binding to carbohydrates. Some ANTIBODIES and carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. PLANT LECTINS are carbohydrate-binding proteins that have been primarily identified by their hemagglutinating activity (HEMAGGLUTININS). However, a variety of lectins occur in animal species where they serve diverse array of functions through specific carbohydrate recognition.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Dictionaries, MedicalGlycyrrhiza: A genus of leguminous herbs or shrubs whose roots yield GLYCYRRHETINIC ACID and its derivative, CARBENOXOLONE.Dictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Abrus: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain ABRIN.Leishmania donovani: A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and animals and causes visceral leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, VISCERAL). The sandfly genera Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia are the vectors.Antiprotozoal Agents: Substances that are destructive to protozoans.Abrin: A toxic lectin from the seeds of jequirity, Abrus precatorius L. Very active poison. Five different proteins have so far been isolated: Abrus agglutinin, the component responsible for: hemagglutinating activity, & abrins a-d, the toxic principals each consisting of two peptide chains are held together by disulfide bonds.Antiparasitic Agents: Drugs used to treat or prevent parasitic infections.Leishmania: A genus of flagellate protozoa comprising several species that are pathogenic for humans. Organisms of this genus have an amastigote and a promastigote stage in their life cycles. As a result of enzymatic studies this single genus has been divided into two subgenera: Leishmania leishmania and Leishmania viannia. Species within the Leishmania leishmania subgenus include: L. aethiopica, L. arabica, L. donovani, L. enrietti, L. gerbilli, L. hertigi, L. infantum, L. major, L. mexicana, and L. tropica. The following species are those that compose the Leishmania viannia subgenus: L. braziliensis, L. guyanensis, L. lainsoni, L. naiffi, and L. shawi.Leishmaniasis, Visceral: A chronic disease caused by LEISHMANIA DONOVANI and transmitted by the bite of several sandflies of the genera Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia. It is commonly characterized by fever, chills, vomiting, anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, leukopenia, hypergammaglobulinemia, emaciation, and an earth-gray color of the skin. The disease is classified into three main types according to geographic distribution: Indian, Mediterranean (or infantile), and African.Staphylococcus aureus: Potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm-blooded animals. They may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.Plasmodium falciparum: A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.Parasitic Sensitivity Tests: Tests that demonstrate the relative effectiveness of chemotherapeutic agents against specific parasites.Abrus: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain ABRIN.Abrin: A toxic lectin from the seeds of jequirity, Abrus precatorius L. Very active poison. Five different proteins have so far been isolated: Abrus agglutinin, the component responsible for: hemagglutinating activity, & abrins a-d, the toxic principals each consisting of two peptide chains are held together by disulfide bonds.Ribosome Inactivating Proteins, Type 2: Ribosome inactivating proteins consisting of two polypeptide chains, the toxic A subunit and a lectin B subunit, linked by disulfide bridges. The lectin portion binds to cell surfaces and facilitates transport into the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM.Plant Lectins: Protein or glycoprotein substances of plant origin that bind to sugar moieties in cell walls or membranes. Some carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) from PLANTS also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. Many plant lectins change the physiology of the membrane of BLOOD CELLS to cause agglutination, mitosis, or other biochemical changes. They may play a role in plant defense mechanisms.Cinnamomum camphora: A tree, Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl, known as the source of CAMPHOR.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Lectins: Proteins that share the common characteristic of binding to carbohydrates. Some ANTIBODIES and carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. PLANT LECTINS are carbohydrate-binding proteins that have been primarily identified by their hemagglutinating activity (HEMAGGLUTININS). However, a variety of lectins occur in animal species where they serve diverse array of functions through specific carbohydrate recognition.Ribosome Inactivating Proteins: N-Glycosidases that remove adenines from RIBOSOMAL RNA, depurinating the conserved alpha-sarcin loop of 28S RIBOSOMAL RNA. They often consist of a toxic A subunit and a binding lectin B subunit. They may be considered as PROTEIN SYNTHESIS INHIBITORS. They are found in many PLANTS and have cytotoxic and antiviral activity.Single-Domain Antibodies: An immunoglobulin fragment composed of one variable domain from an IMMUNOGLOBULIN HEAVY CHAIN or IMMUNOGLOBULIN LIGHT CHAIN.Ribosome Inactivating Proteins, Type 1: Ribosome inactivating proteins consisting of only the toxic A subunit, which is a polypeptide of around 30 kDa.Abrus: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain ABRIN.Abrin: A toxic lectin from the seeds of jequirity, Abrus precatorius L. Very active poison. Five different proteins have so far been isolated: Abrus agglutinin, the component responsible for: hemagglutinating activity, & abrins a-d, the toxic principals each consisting of two peptide chains are held together by disulfide bonds.Plant Lectins: Protein or glycoprotein substances of plant origin that bind to sugar moieties in cell walls or membranes. Some carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) from PLANTS also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. Many plant lectins change the physiology of the membrane of BLOOD CELLS to cause agglutination, mitosis, or other biochemical changes. They may play a role in plant defense mechanisms.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Lectins: Proteins that share the common characteristic of binding to carbohydrates. Some ANTIBODIES and carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. PLANT LECTINS are carbohydrate-binding proteins that have been primarily identified by their hemagglutinating activity (HEMAGGLUTININS). However, a variety of lectins occur in animal species where they serve diverse array of functions through specific carbohydrate recognition.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.IndiaPlant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Coral Reefs: Marine ridges composed of living CORALS, coral skeletons, calcareous algae, and other organisms, mixed with minerals and organic matter. They are found most commonly in tropical waters and support other animal and plant life.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Intellectual Property: Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Bonding, Human-Pet: The emotional attachment of individuals to PETS.Datura stramonium: A plant species of the genus DATURA, family SOLANACEAE, that contains TROPANES and other SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS.Plant Poisoning: Poisoning by the ingestion of plants or its leaves, berries, roots or stalks. The manifestations in both humans and animals vary in severity from mild to life threatening. In animals, especially domestic animals, it is usually the result of ingesting moldy or fermented forage.Aconitum: A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE. Members contain a number of diterpenoid alkaloids including: aconitans, hypaconitine, ACONITINE, jesaconitine, ignavine, napelline, and mesaconitine. The common name of Wolfbane is similar to the common name for ARNICA.Hippomane: A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE. The trees contain hippomanin A and the latex is a skin irritant.Datura: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain TROPANES. The common name of trumpet flower is also sometimes used for GELSEMIUM.Mydriasis: Dilation of pupils to greater than 6 mm combined with failure of the pupils to constrict when stimulated with light. This condition may occur due to injury of the pupillary fibers in the oculomotor nerve, in acute angle-closure glaucoma, and in ADIE SYNDROME.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Hyoscyamine: The 3(S)-endo isomer of atropine.Hyoscyamus: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE which contains TROPANES.Plants, Toxic: Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.Counterfeit Drugs: Drugs manufactured and sold with the intent to misrepresent its origin, authenticity, chemical composition, and or efficacy. Counterfeit drugs may contain inappropriate quantities of ingredients not listed on the label or package. In order to further deceive the consumer, the packaging, container, or labeling, may be inaccurate, incorrect, or fake.Fraud: Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.Drugs, Chinese Herbal: Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.CambodiaMedicine, Chinese Traditional: A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Phytotherapy: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.Aristolochic Acids: Nitro-phenanthrenes occurring in ARISTOLOCHIACEAE and other plants. They derive from stephanine (APORPHINES) by oxidative ring cleavage. The nitro group is a reactive alkylator (ALKYLATING AGENTS) that binds to biological macromolecules. Ingestion by humans is associated with nephropathy (NEPHRITIS). There is no relationship to the similar named aristolochene (SESQUITERPENES).PhenanthrenesCopyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Privacy: The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Licensure: The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.Genetic Privacy: The protection of genetic information about an individual, family, or population group, from unauthorized disclosure.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act: Public Law 104-91 enacted in 1996, was designed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the healthcare system, protect health insurance coverage for workers and their families, and to protect individual personal health information.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
(1/13) Pulchellin, a highly toxic type 2 ribosome-inactivating protein from Abrus pulchellus. Cloning heterologous expression of A-chain and structural studies.

Pulchellin is a type 2 ribosome-inactivating protein isolated from seeds of the Abrus pulchellus tenuiflorus plant. This study aims to obtain active and homogeneous protein for structural and biological studies that will clarify the functional aspects of this toxin. The DNA fragment encoding pulchellin A-chain was cloned and inserted into pGEX-5X to express the recombinant pulchellin A-chain (rPAC) as a fusion protein in Escherichia coli. The deduced amino acid sequence analyses of the rPAC presented a high sequential identity (> 86%) with the A-chain of abrin-c. The ability of the rPAC to depurinate rRNA in yeast ribosome was also demonstrated in vitro. In order to validate the toxic activity we promoted the in vitro association of the rPAC with the recombinant pulchellin binding chain (rPBC). Both chains were incubated in the presence of a reduced/oxidized system, yielding an active heterodimer (rPAB). The rPAB showed an apparent molecular mass of approximately 60 kDa, similar to the native pulchellin. The toxic activities of the rPAB and native pulchellin were compared by intraperitoneal injection of different dilutions into mice. The rPAB was able to kill 50% of the tested mice with doses of 45 microg x kg(-1). Our results indicated that the heterodimer showed toxic activity and a conformational pattern similar to pulchellin. In addition, rPAC produced in this heterologous system might be useful for the preparation of immunoconjugates with potential as a therapeutic agent.  (+info)

(2/13) Structure-function analysis and insights into the reduced toxicity of Abrus precatorius agglutinin I in relation to abrin.

Abrin and agglutinin-I from the seeds of Abrus precatorius are type II ribosome-inactivating proteins that inhibit protein synthesis in eukaryotic cells. The two toxins share a high degree of sequence similarity; however, agglutinin-I is weaker in its activity. We compared the kinetics of protein synthesis inhibition by abrin and agglutinin-I in two different cell lines and found that approximately 200-2000-fold higher concentration of agglutinin-I is needed for the same degree of inhibition. Like abrin, agglutinin-I also induced apoptosis in the cells by triggering the intrinsic mitochondrial pathway, although at higher concentrations as compared with abrin. The reason for the decreased toxicity of agglutinin-I became apparent on the analysis of the crystal structure of agglutinin-I obtained by us in comparison with that of the reported structure of abrin. The overall protein folding of agglutinin-I is similar to that of abrin-a with a single disulfide bond holding the toxic A subunit and the lectin-like B-subunit together, constituting a heterodimer. However, there are significant differences in the secondary structural elements, mostly in the A chain. The substitution of Asn-200 in abrin-a with Pro-199 in agglutinin-I seems to be a major cause for the decreased toxicity of agglutinin-I. This perhaps is not a consequence of any kink formation by a proline residue in the helical segment, as reported by others earlier, but due to fewer interactions that proline can possibly have with the bound substrate.  (+info)

(3/13) Quantification of L-abrine in human and rat urine: a biomarker for the toxin abrin.

Abrin is a toxic protein found in the jequirity seed. L-Abrine (N-methyl-tryptophan) is also found in the jequirity seed and can be used as a biomarker for abrin exposure. Analysis of L-abrine was added to an existing method for quantifying ricinine as a marker for ricin exposure in human urine and analytically validated. Accuracy and reproducibility were enhanced by including a newly synthesized (13)C(1)(2)H(3)-L-abrine internal standard. One-milliliter urine samples were processed using solid-phase extraction prior to a 6-min high-performance liquid chromatography separation. Protonated molecular ions were formed via electrospray ionization in a triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer and quantified via multiple reaction monitoring. Method validation included the characterization of two enriched urine pools, which were used as quality control materials. Endogenous levels of L-abrine were quantified in a reference range of 113 random urine samples at 0.72 +/- 0.51 ng/mL. Urinary concentrations of L-abrine were monitored in an intentional rat exposure study for up to 48 h. Comparing the results from the human reference range and the animal exposure study indicates that this method is suitable for quantifying L-abrine within 24 h post-exposure. Quantification of L-abrine beyond 24 h is limited by rapid excretion of the biomarker and the level of the L-abrine dose.  (+info)

(4/13) A biophysical elucidation for less toxicity of agglutinin than abrin-a from the seeds of Abrus precatorius in consequence of crystal structure.

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(5/13) Attempted suicide, by mail order: Abrus precatorius.

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(6/13) A recombinant mutant abrin A chain expressed in Escherichia coli can be used as an effective vaccine candidate.

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(7/13) The role of the C-terminal region of pulchellin A-chain in the interaction with membrane model systems.

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(8/13) A new triterpenoid saponin from Abrus precatorius Linn.

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*  Abrin
... is a highly toxic toxalbumin found in the seeds of the rosary pea (or jequirity pea), Abrus precatorius. It has a median ...
*  Abrus
... aureus (Madagascar) Abrus baladensis (Somalia) Abrus bottae (Saudi Arabia, Yemen) Abrus canescens (Africa) Abrus ... Abrus pulchellus (Africa) Abrus sambiranensis (Madagascar) Abrus schimperi (Africa) Abrus somalensis (Somalia) Abrus wittei ( ... Abrus fruticulosus (India) Abrus gawenensis (Somalia) Abrus laevigatus (Southern Africa) Abrus longibracteatus (Laos, Vietnam) ... Abrus madagascariensis (Madagascar) Abrus parvifolius (Madagascar) Abrus precatorius L. - Jequirity (Africa, Australia, ...
*  Abrus canescens
... is a species of flowering plant belonging to the legume family, native to Africa. It is considered almost ... Agbagwa, Ikechukwu Ozoemenam (2007). "Evaluation of Diagnostic Vegetative and Reproductive Characters Among Abrus Species in ... Abrus canescens at the Encyclopedia of Life. ...
*  Abrus precatorius
... leaves and flowers Abrus precatorius flowers Abrus precatorius seeds List of plants of Caatinga vegetation of ... 5. "Saga, Abrus precatorius Linn". StuartXchange. "Abrus precatorius subsp. africanus". www.plantzafrica.com. Retrieved 2016-05 ... Abrus precatorius L. Abrus precatorius Linn. Medicinal Plant Images Database (School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist ... Antibacterial and antifungal activity of methanolic extract of Abrus pulchellus Wall and Abrus precatorius Linn: A comparative ...
*  List of plants of Burkina Faso
Abildgaardia ovata (Burm.f.) Kral Abrus canescens Welw. ex Baker Abrus melanospermus Hassk. Abrus precatorius L. Abutilon ...
*  List of plants of Caatinga vegetation of Brazil
Abrus precatorius L. Aeschynomene brasiliana (Poir.) DC. Aeschynomene evenia Whigh. Aeschynomene falcata (Poir.) DC. ...
*  Ambrus Lele
"Abrus Lele Biography and Olympic Results". sport-reference.com. Retrieved 2010-01-24. ...
*  Toxalbumin
"Abrus Precatorius - Medicinal Uses, Benefits of Abrus". Planetayurveda.com. Retrieved 2015-06-16. Rietschel, Ernst T.; Westphal ... Abrus precatorius, Jatropha curcas, Croton gratissimus and Ricinus communis. Typical toxalbumins are abrin and ricin. Ingestion ...
*  Daramutu
Seeds of Abrus precatorius are traditionally used. Each player controls one of the rows. At her turn, the player takes all the ...
*  Oluwole Babafemi Familoni
Hymenocardiaceae) Abrus precatorius Cissus populnea Flabellaria paniculata Cav., Morinda lucida, Parkia biglobosa (Jacq) Benth ...
*  List of MeSH codes (B06)
... abrus (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.401.025 --- acacia (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.401.051 --- ...
*  Aphanostola intercepta
Adults were reared from larvae found feeding on Abrus precatorius. funet.fi Exotic Microlep. 4: 348 Archived 2015-09-23 at the ...
*  Chirmi
... is a Rajasthani language word for Abrus precatorius / Jequirity. A married girl is climbing on chirmi plant waits for ...
*  Sinorhizobium
isolated from tropical legumes, Sesbania rostrata and Abrus precatorius, respectively". Symbiosis. 34 (1): 53-68. Because no ...
*  Savandurga
Some of the plant species recorded here include: Abrus precatorius L. liana Abutilon indicum (L) Sweet. shrub Acacia ...
*  Huayruro Punco
Abrus precatorius, Ormosia coccinea and Ormosia minor); also meaning something very beautiful, punqu door, pünqu (ü stand for a ...
*  Ormosia
They resemble the seeds of Abrus, snoutbeans (Rhynchosia), and Adenanthera, but are much larger than the former two. In ...
*  Huayruruni
... (possibly from Aymara wayruru red and black seeds of a plant (Abrus precatorius, Ormosia coccinea and Ormosia minor ...
*  Hemiargus ceraunus
The larvae feed on the flowers and seedpods of various woody legumes, including Cassia brachiata, Abrus precatorius and ...
*  Gunja Narasimha Swamy Temple, Tirumakudal Narasipura
The temple gets its name from the Gunja tree (Abrus precatorious) that grows in the front of the main entrance. Sculptures in ...
*  Eurema hecabe
Eggs are laid on Abrus precatorius, Falcataria moluccana, Acacia species, Aeschynomene species and numerous other Leguminosae, ...
*  Curetis thetis
The larva has been recorded as feeding on Pongamia glabra, Derris scandens, Abrus precatorius (Leguminosae), Xylia ...
*  K. V. Ghorpade
He has worked on the toxicity of Abrus precatorius on the maternal and fetal tissues, Kyasanur forest disease and South Indian ...
*  Govardhana sila
This mythology has made the Gunjā (Abrus precatorius) seeds - the bright red seed of a fig tree - also a favourite for native ...
*  Dicerandra immaculata
Invasive plant species that threaten the habitat include Brazilian pepper (Schinus terebinthifolius), rosary pea (Abrus ...
Abrus precatorius - definition of Abrus precatorius by The Free Dictionary  Abrus precatorius - definition of Abrus precatorius by The Free Dictionary
Abrus precatorius synonyms, Abrus precatorius pronunciation, Abrus precatorius translation, English dictionary definition of ... Abrus precatorius. or n , pl -ties 1. other names for Indian liquorice 2. the seed of the Indian liquorice n., pl. -ties. 1. ... It has been reported that Abrus abrin, isolated from the seeds of Abrus precatorius, showed in vitro and in vivo antitumor ... Abrus precatorius - definition of Abrus precatorius by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Abrus+precatorius ...
more infohttp://www.thefreedictionary.com/Abrus+precatorius
Saga/Red Lucky Seed (Abrus precatorius Linn) | CCRC  Saga/Red Lucky Seed (Abrus precatorius Linn) | CCRC
Saga/Red Lucky Seed (Abrus precatorius Linn). Saga. /Red Lucky Seed (Abrus precatorius Linn) ... Abrus agglutinin (AAG), a hetero tetrameric gal beta (1-3) NAc gal specific lectin, is isolated from seeds of Abrus precatorius ... Abrus agglutinin (AAG), a hetero tetrameric gal beta (1-3) NAc gal specific lectin, is isolated from seeds of Abrus precatorius ... Abrin and agglutinin-I from the seeds of Abrus precatorius are type II ribosome-inactivating proteins that inhibit protein ...
more infohttp://ccrc.farmasi.ugm.ac.id/en/?page_id=129
Plants Profile for Abrus precatorius (rosarypea)  Plants Profile for Abrus precatorius (rosarypea)
click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Abrus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ...
more infohttps://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ABPR3
Jequirity (Abrus precatorius) - Vitamin Life  Jequirity (Abrus precatorius) - Vitamin Life
GlucoseGlucose: In streptozotocin-induced diabetic Wistar rats, administration of the aqueous extract of Abrus precatorius ( ... CholesterolCholesterol: In streptozotocin-induced diabetic Wistar rats, administration of the aqueous extract of Abrus ...
more infohttp://www.livingnaturally.com/ns/DisplayMonograph.asp?StoreID=15F522D98A3A417FBE8D6702F135785A&DocID=depletions-jequirity
Abrus - Wikipedia  Abrus - Wikipedia
Abrus aureus (Madagascar) Abrus baladensis (Somalia) Abrus bottae (Saudi Arabia, Yemen) Abrus canescens (Africa) Abrus ... Abrus pulchellus (Africa) Abrus sambiranensis (Madagascar) Abrus schimperi (Africa) Abrus somalensis (Somalia) Abrus wittei ( ... Abrus fruticulosus (India) Abrus gawenensis (Somalia) Abrus laevigatus (Southern Africa) Abrus longibracteatus (Laos, Vietnam) ... Abrus madagascariensis (Madagascar) Abrus parvifolius (Madagascar) Abrus precatorius L. - Jequirity (Africa, Australia, ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abrus
Abrus precatorius : Wikis (The Full Wiki)  Abrus precatorius : Wikis (The Full Wiki)
Abrus precatorius. L.. Abrus precatorius, known commonly as Jequirity, Crab's Eye, Rosary Pea, 'John Crow' Bead, Precatory bean ... The toxin present in Abrus precatorius is a close relative to ricin called abrin. It is a dimer consisting of two protein ... The Tamils use Abrus precatorius seeds of different colors. The red variety with black eye is the most common, but there are ... The seeds of Abrus precatorius are much valued in native jewelry for their bright coloration. The third of the bean with the ...
more infohttp://www.thefullwiki.org/Abrus_precatorius
Abrus canescens - Wikipedia  Abrus canescens - Wikipedia
Abrus canescens is a species of flowering plant belonging to the legume family, native to Africa. It is considered almost ... Agbagwa, Ikechukwu Ozoemenam (2007). "Evaluation of Diagnostic Vegetative and Reproductive Characters Among Abrus Species in ... Abrus canescens at the Encyclopedia of Life. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abrus_canescens
Abrus precatorius L. (PIM 001)  Abrus precatorius L. (PIM 001)
Abrus precatorius L.. 1.2 Family Leguminosae. 1.3 Common name(s) Abrus seed. Aivoeiro. Arraccu-mitim. Buddhist rosary bead. ... They are abrus agglutinin (a haemagglutinin) and the toxic principles abrins [a] to [d].. Abrus agglutinin is a tetramer with a ... Abrus precatorius mature or immature seeds are chewed or ingested.. 5.2 Inhalation Unknown.. 5.3 Dermal Unknown.. 5.4 Eye Cold ... Abrus precatorius is a wild plant that grows best in fairly dry regions at low elevations.. 3.1.3 Distribution It grows in ...
more infohttp://www.intox.org/databank/documents/plant/abruspre/abruspre.htm
Toxins | Free Full-Text | Llama-Derived Single Domain Antibodies Specific for Abrus Agglutinin  Toxins | Free Full-Text | Llama-Derived Single Domain Antibodies Specific for Abrus Agglutinin
The best binders were specific for the Abrus agglutinin, showing minimal binding to purified abrin fractions or unrelated ... Abrus agglutinin (a protein related to abrin but with lower toxicity), ricin, and unrelated proteins. Isolated sdAb were also ... we determined that the commercial toxoid preparation used for the original immunizations contained a high percentage of Abrus ... Abrus agglutinin and distinguish between different crude preparations. ...
more infohttps://www.mdpi.com/2072-6651/3/11/1405
Chemopreventive and anti-breast cancer activity of compounds isolated from leaves of Abrus precatorius L. | SpringerLink  Chemopreventive and anti-breast cancer activity of compounds isolated from leaves of Abrus precatorius L. | SpringerLink
The present study focuses on isolation and evaluation of the anti-cancer activity of compounds from the leaves of Abrus ... Bhardwaj DK, Bisht MS, Mehta CK (1980) Flavonoids from Abrus precatorius. Phytochemistry 19:2040-2041CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Ghosal S, Dutta SK (1971) Alkaloids of Abrus precatorius. Phytochemistry 10:195-198CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... The present study focuses on isolation and evaluation of the anti-cancer activity of compounds from the leaves of Abrus ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13205-018-1395-8
African Journal of Biochemistry Research  - therapeutic effect of an alkaloid-rich fraction of abrus precatorius seed methanol...  African Journal of Biochemistry Research - therapeutic effect of an alkaloid-rich fraction of abrus precatorius seed methanol...
Key words: Abrus precatorius, Sephadex, Drangendoff's reagent, paracetamol. ... The therapeutic effect of an alkaloid-rich fraction of the chloroform-methanol extract of Abrus precatorius seeds on ... The therapeutic effect of an alkaloid-rich fraction of the chloroform-methanol extract of Abrus precatorius seeds on ... Therapeutic effect of an alkaloid-rich fraction of Abrus precatorius seed methanol extract on paracetamol-induced liver damage ...
more infohttps://academicjournals.org/journal/AJBR/article-abstract/E5FAF0A66906
Stock Images of Abrus precatorius; Rosary Pea; Jequirty; Crabs eye; Precatory bean; Mutual Love Bean; Xiang-si-dou;; Steven...  Stock Images of Abrus precatorius; Rosary Pea; Jequirty; Crab's eye; Precatory bean; Mutual Love Bean; Xiang-si-dou;; Steven...
Stock Images of Abrus precatorius; Rosary Pea; Jequirty; Crab's eye; Precatory bean; Mutual Love Bean; Xiang-si-dou;; Steven ... Abrus precatorius; Rosary Pea; Jequirty; Crab's eye; Precatory bean; Mutual Love Bean; Xiang-si-dou; ...
more infohttp://www.stevenfoster.com/photography/imageviewsa/abrus/precatorius/ap1-021310/content/Abrus_precatorius_091025_large.html
Antifungal and antileishmanial activities of fractions and isolated isoflavanquinones from the roots of Abrus precatorius |...  Antifungal and antileishmanial activities of fractions and isolated isoflavanquinones from the roots of Abrus precatorius |...
Song C, Hu Z (1998) Abruquinone A, B, D, E, F, and G from the root of Abrus precatorius. Acta Bot Sin 40:734-739Google Scholar ... Abrus precatorius Antifungal Isoflavanquinones Leishmania Neglected tropical diseases This is a preview of subscription content ... Bhardwaj D, Bisht M, Mehta C (1980) Flavonoids from Abrus precatorius. Phytochemistry 19:2040-2041CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Xiao Z, Wang F, Sun A, Li C, Huang C, Zhang S (2012) A new triterpenoid saponin from Abrus precatorius Linn. Molecules 17:295- ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00580-019-03073-z
Abrus precatorius  Abrus precatorius
... ,Along with other therapeutic applications, The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India has indicated the use of ...
more infohttps://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php/medicinal-plants-pictures-a-details/971-abrus-precatorius
Antiparasitic and antimicrobial isoflavanquinones from Abrus schimperi.  Antiparasitic and antimicrobial isoflavanquinones from Abrus schimperi.
This appears to be the first report of amorphaquinone (1) and pendulone (2) from the genus Abrus. ... The EtOH extract of Abrus schimperi (Fabaceae), collected in Kenya, demonstrated significant activity against Leishmania ...
more infohttp://erepository.uonbi.ac.ke:8080/xmlui/handle/11295/37122
IJPBS Article- Anticancer Activity Of Petroleum Ether Extract Of Abrus Precatorius On Ehrlich Ascitis Carcinoma In  IJPBS Article- Anticancer Activity Of Petroleum Ether Extract Of Abrus Precatorius On Ehrlich Ascitis Carcinoma In
Anticancer Activity Of Petroleum Ether Extract Of Abrus Precatorius On Ehrlich Ascitis Carcinoma In Mice. ...
more infohttp://www.ijpbs.net/details.php?article=828
A new pterocarpan from the leaves of Abrus precatorius L. | PROF. GUANTAI ANASTASIA N.  A new pterocarpan from the leaves of Abrus precatorius L. | PROF. GUANTAI ANASTASIA N.
A new pterocarpan from the leaves of Abrus precatorius L.. Citation:. Malele CN, Lang'at-Thoruwa CC, Guantai AN, Chhabra SC. "A ... compound 1) was isolated from the dichloromethane extract of the leaves of Abrus precatorius L. The. structure of the compound ... new pterocarpan from the leaves of Abrus precatorius L." Academic journals. 2015;9(27):749-754,.. Abstract:. A pterocarpan, 2,3 ...
more infohttps://profiles.uonbi.ac.ke/anguantai/publications/new-pterocarpan-leaves-abrus-precatorius-l
Abrus Precatorius Plant - Coral Bead Vine, Rosary Pea, Gunj  Abrus Precatorius Plant - Coral Bead Vine, Rosary Pea, Gunj
Buy Abrus Precatorius Plant online at low price in India. Huge collection of plants and seeds only at Plants Guru. ✔ Free ... Abrus Precatorius Plant - Coral Bead Vine, Rosary Pea, Gunj. 0 reviews / Write a review ... Abrus Precatorius Plant - Coral Bead Vine, Rosary Pea, Gunj. Common Name(s):. Rosary Pea, Crab's Eyes, Jequirity. Category:. ... Abrus Precatorius Plant - Coral Bead Vine, Rosary Pea, Gunj. ... Product Code: pg-medicinal-plants-abrus-prectarios. * ...
more infohttp://www.plantsguru.com/annual-flowering/abrus-prectarios
Survival after an Intentional Ingestion of Crushed Abrus Seeds - The Western Journal of Emergency Medicine  Survival after an Intentional Ingestion of Crushed Abrus Seeds - The Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Abrus precatorius.. Abrus contains a potent toxin, abrin, along with smaller concentrations of glycyrrhizin, aric acid, and N- ... Abrus precatourius is one of the most potent plant toxins known to man.6 The toxin, a protein, is poorly absorbed in the ... Abrus precatorius seeds contain one of the most potent toxins known to man. However, because of the seed's outer hard coat the ... This involves a 25-year-old male who put 20 Abrus seeds and graphite into a blender, and then drank most of this mixture in a ...
more infohttp://westjem.com/case-report/survival-after-an-intentional-ingestion-of-crushed-abrus-seeds.html
中国科学院南海海洋研究所机构知识库(SCSIO OpenIR): A New Triterpenoid Saponin from Abrus  中国科学院南海海洋研究所机构知识库(SCSIO OpenIR): A New Triterpenoid Saponin from Abrus
A New Triterpenoid Saponin from Abrus precatorius Linn. Xiao, ZH; Wang, FZ; Sun, AJ; Li, CR; Huang, CG; Zhang, S; [email protected] ... Xiao, ZH.,Wang, FZ.,Sun, AJ.,Li, CR.,Huang, CG.,[email protected](2012).A New Triterpenoid Saponin from Abrus precatorius ... Xiao, ZH,et al."A New Triterpenoid Saponin from Abrus precatorius Linn".MOLECULES 17.1(2012):295-302. ... A New Triterpenoid Saponin from Abrus precatorius Linn[J]. MOLECULES,2012,17(1):295-302. ...
more infohttp://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/10016
  • A new pterocarpan from the leaves of Abrus precatorius L. (ac.ke)
  • 2)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl subprogenin D (1), together with six known triterpenoids: subprogenin D (2), abrusgenic acid (3), triptotriterpenic acid B (4), abruslactone A (5), abrusogenin (6) and abrusoside C (7) were isolated from the leaves and stems of Abrus precatorius. (scsio.ac.cn)