A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain ABRIN.
A toxic lectin from the seeds of jequirity, Abrus precatorius L. Very active poison. Five different proteins have so far been isolated: Abrus agglutinin, the component responsible for: hemagglutinating activity, & abrins a-d, the toxic principals each consisting of two peptide chains are held together by disulfide bonds.
Protein or glycoprotein substances of plant origin that bind to sugar moieties in cell walls or membranes. Some carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) from PLANTS also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. Many plant lectins change the physiology of the membrane of BLOOD CELLS to cause agglutination, mitosis, or other biochemical changes. They may play a role in plant defense mechanisms.
Proteins that share the common characteristic of binding to carbohydrates. Some ANTIBODIES and carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. PLANT LECTINS are carbohydrate-binding proteins that have been primarily identified by their hemagglutinating activity (HEMAGGLUTININS). However, a variety of lectins occur in animal species where they serve diverse array of functions through specific carbohydrate recognition.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.

Pulchellin, a highly toxic type 2 ribosome-inactivating protein from Abrus pulchellus. Cloning heterologous expression of A-chain and structural studies. (1/13)

Pulchellin is a type 2 ribosome-inactivating protein isolated from seeds of the Abrus pulchellus tenuiflorus plant. This study aims to obtain active and homogeneous protein for structural and biological studies that will clarify the functional aspects of this toxin. The DNA fragment encoding pulchellin A-chain was cloned and inserted into pGEX-5X to express the recombinant pulchellin A-chain (rPAC) as a fusion protein in Escherichia coli. The deduced amino acid sequence analyses of the rPAC presented a high sequential identity (> 86%) with the A-chain of abrin-c. The ability of the rPAC to depurinate rRNA in yeast ribosome was also demonstrated in vitro. In order to validate the toxic activity we promoted the in vitro association of the rPAC with the recombinant pulchellin binding chain (rPBC). Both chains were incubated in the presence of a reduced/oxidized system, yielding an active heterodimer (rPAB). The rPAB showed an apparent molecular mass of approximately 60 kDa, similar to the native pulchellin. The toxic activities of the rPAB and native pulchellin were compared by intraperitoneal injection of different dilutions into mice. The rPAB was able to kill 50% of the tested mice with doses of 45 microg x kg(-1). Our results indicated that the heterodimer showed toxic activity and a conformational pattern similar to pulchellin. In addition, rPAC produced in this heterologous system might be useful for the preparation of immunoconjugates with potential as a therapeutic agent.  (+info)

Structure-function analysis and insights into the reduced toxicity of Abrus precatorius agglutinin I in relation to abrin. (2/13)

Abrin and agglutinin-I from the seeds of Abrus precatorius are type II ribosome-inactivating proteins that inhibit protein synthesis in eukaryotic cells. The two toxins share a high degree of sequence similarity; however, agglutinin-I is weaker in its activity. We compared the kinetics of protein synthesis inhibition by abrin and agglutinin-I in two different cell lines and found that approximately 200-2000-fold higher concentration of agglutinin-I is needed for the same degree of inhibition. Like abrin, agglutinin-I also induced apoptosis in the cells by triggering the intrinsic mitochondrial pathway, although at higher concentrations as compared with abrin. The reason for the decreased toxicity of agglutinin-I became apparent on the analysis of the crystal structure of agglutinin-I obtained by us in comparison with that of the reported structure of abrin. The overall protein folding of agglutinin-I is similar to that of abrin-a with a single disulfide bond holding the toxic A subunit and the lectin-like B-subunit together, constituting a heterodimer. However, there are significant differences in the secondary structural elements, mostly in the A chain. The substitution of Asn-200 in abrin-a with Pro-199 in agglutinin-I seems to be a major cause for the decreased toxicity of agglutinin-I. This perhaps is not a consequence of any kink formation by a proline residue in the helical segment, as reported by others earlier, but due to fewer interactions that proline can possibly have with the bound substrate.  (+info)

Quantification of L-abrine in human and rat urine: a biomarker for the toxin abrin. (3/13)

Abrin is a toxic protein found in the jequirity seed. L-Abrine (N-methyl-tryptophan) is also found in the jequirity seed and can be used as a biomarker for abrin exposure. Analysis of L-abrine was added to an existing method for quantifying ricinine as a marker for ricin exposure in human urine and analytically validated. Accuracy and reproducibility were enhanced by including a newly synthesized (13)C(1)(2)H(3)-L-abrine internal standard. One-milliliter urine samples were processed using solid-phase extraction prior to a 6-min high-performance liquid chromatography separation. Protonated molecular ions were formed via electrospray ionization in a triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer and quantified via multiple reaction monitoring. Method validation included the characterization of two enriched urine pools, which were used as quality control materials. Endogenous levels of L-abrine were quantified in a reference range of 113 random urine samples at 0.72 +/- 0.51 ng/mL. Urinary concentrations of L-abrine were monitored in an intentional rat exposure study for up to 48 h. Comparing the results from the human reference range and the animal exposure study indicates that this method is suitable for quantifying L-abrine within 24 h post-exposure. Quantification of L-abrine beyond 24 h is limited by rapid excretion of the biomarker and the level of the L-abrine dose.  (+info)

A biophysical elucidation for less toxicity of agglutinin than abrin-a from the seeds of Abrus precatorius in consequence of crystal structure. (4/13)

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Attempted suicide, by mail order: Abrus precatorius. (5/13)

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A recombinant mutant abrin A chain expressed in Escherichia coli can be used as an effective vaccine candidate. (6/13)

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The role of the C-terminal region of pulchellin A-chain in the interaction with membrane model systems. (7/13)

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A new triterpenoid saponin from Abrus precatorius Linn. (8/13)

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Define Abrus precatorius. Abrus precatorius synonyms, Abrus precatorius pronunciation, Abrus precatorius translation, English dictionary definition of Abrus precatorius. or n , pl -ties 1. other names for Indian liquorice 2. the seed of the Indian liquorice n., pl. -ties. 1. the Indian licorice, Abrus precatorius, of the...
Gambar 2. Buah saga. Tumbuhan ini banyak tumbuh secara liar di hutan-hutan, ladang-ladang atau sengaja dipelihara di pekarangan. Tumbuh dengan baik pada daerah dataran rendah sampai ketinggian 1000 meter di atas permukaan laut.. 6. Penelitian mekanisme antikanker. Abrin and agglutinin-I from the seeds of Abrus precatorius are type II ribosome-inactivating proteins that inhibit protein synthesis in eukaryotic cells. The two toxins share a high degree of sequence similarity; however, agglutinin-I is weaker in its activity (Bagaria et al., 2006).. Abrus agglutinin (AAG), a hetero tetrameric gal beta (1-3) NAc gal specific lectin, is isolated from seeds of Abrus precatorius. In our previous studies we found that the protein could act as an immunomodulator and immunoadjuvant in native (NA) and heat denatured (HDA) conditions. An anticancer effect of the lectin is reported, but its mode of action is not clearly known (Gosh, 2007).. Daftar Pustaka. Inventaris Tanaman Obat Indonesia, 1994. Ashima ...
The EtOH extract of Abrus schimperi (Fabaceae), collected in Kenya, demonstrated significant activity against Leishmania donovani promastigotes with IC50 value of 3.6 microg/mL. Bioassay-guided fractionation of CHCl3 fraction using Centrifugal Preparative TLC afforded two antiparasitic isoflavanquinones, namely amorphaquinone (1) and pendulone (2). They displayed IC50 values of 0.63 microg/mL and 0.43 microg/mL, respectively, against L. donovani promastigotes. Both the compounds were also evaluated against L. donovani axenic amastigotes and amastigotes in THPI macrophage cultures. In addition, compounds 1 and 2 showed antiplasmodial activity against Plasmodium falciparum D6 and W2 strains, while 2 displayed antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (each IC50 1.44 microg/mL). The 1H and 13C data of 1, not fully assigned previously, were unambiguously assigned using 1D and 2D NMR HMBC and HMQC experiments. In addition, the absolute stereochemistry of ...
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Botanical Name : Abrus precatorius Family: Fabaceae Genus: Abrus Species: A. precatorius Kingdom: Plantae Order: Fabales Synonyms : Abrus minor and A.
Padhi, P (2014) Terminalia bellerica (baheda) inhibits protective autophagy and induces apoptosis in oral cancer cell lines. MSc thesis.. Panda, Madhusmita (2014) Concanavalin A induced autophagy switches to apoptosis. MSc thesis.. Panda, Prashanta Kumar (2017) Autophagy Dependent Cell Death, Senescence and Differentiation by Abrus Agglutinin in Cancer Therapeutics. PhD thesis.. Panda , Himadri Tanaya (2013) Elucidation of the anticancer property of Abrus agglutinin in oral cancer cell lines. MSc thesis.. Patel, Priti (2015) Synergistic Effect of Trichostatin a and Thymoquinone in Inducing Anticancer Activity in Breast Cancer. MSc thesis.. Pradhan, Naina (2011) DNA Methylation and Cancer. MSc thesis.. Pradhan, Sonali (2014) Deciphering the anti-cancer efficacy of azadirachta indica and its role in re-expression of e-cadherin in breast cancer via snail and hdacs. MSc thesis.. Prasad, Sneha (2012) Isolation and characterization of lectins from red seeds of Abrus precatorius. MSc ...
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Abrin is a highly toxic toxalbumin found in the seeds of the rosary pea (or jequirity pea), Abrus precatorius. It has a median toxic dose of 0.7 micrograms per kilogram of body mass when given to mice intravenously (approximately 31.4 times more toxic than ricin, being 22 micrograms per kilogram). The median toxic dose for humans ranges from 10 to 1000 micrograms per kilogram when ingested and is 3.3 micrograms per kilogram when inhaled. Abrin is a ribosome inhibiting protein like ricin, a toxin which can be found in the seeds of the castor oil plant. It is classed as a Select Agent under U.S. law. Abrin is a water-soluble lectin. Abrin in powdered form is yellowish-white. It is a stable substance and can withstand extreme environmental conditions. Though it is combustible, it does not polymerize easily and is not particularly volatile. Abrin is not known to have been weaponised. Abrin naturally occurs in the seeds of the rosary pea, a plant common to tropical regions that is occasionally ...
Interaction of a C-terminal peptide of Bos taurus diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 with model membranes Effect of Hydrophobic Interaction on Structure, Dynamics and Reactivity of Water Topics and Timelines Topics and Timelines Structure and mobility of vanadyl(2+) ion in water adsorbed onto silica gels studied by X- and S-band electron spin resonance spectroscopy and by electron nuclear double resonance spectroscopy The buried shape of an alpine valley from gravity surveys, seismic and ambient noise analysis Isolation and characterization of four type 2 ribosome inactivating pulchellin isoforms from Abrus pulchellus seeds
Hegde, Ramesh and Podder, Sunil K (1998) Evolution of tetrameric lectin Ricinus communis agglutinin from two variant groups of ricin toxin dimers. In: European Journal of Biochemistry, 254 (03). pp. 596-601. Hegde, Ramesh and Podder, Sunil K (1997) A- and B-Subunit Variant Distribution in the Holoprotein Variants of Protein Toxin Abrin: Variants of Abrins I and III Have Constant Toxic A Subunits and Variant Lectin B Subunits. In: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 344 (1). pp. 75-84. Hegde, Ramesh (1992) Coated pits,endosome CURLing and intracellular receptor--ligand trafficking. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 62 (8). pp. 555-564. Hegde, Ramesh and Podder, Sunil K (1991) Studies on the variants of the protein toxins ricin and abrin. In: European Journal of Biochemistry, 204 (1). pp. 155-164. Hegde, Ramesh and Podder, SK and Maitia, TK (1991) Purification and characterization of three toxins and two agglutinins from Abrus precatorius seed by using lactamyl-Sepharose affinity ...
(20S,22S)-3beta,22-dihydroxycucurbita-5(10),24-diene-26,29-dioic acid delta-lactone: triterpenoid from the leaves of Abrus precatorius (Leguminosae); structure in first source
Congratulations to Randy Scheidt, MAI, CCIM, FRICS, on being nominated by the state of Indiana for induction into the NAR RPAC Hall of Fame. Upon review of Scheidts participation history and support, his nomination was accepted. He has become an official member of the Class of 2018 National Association of REALTORS® RPAC Hall of Fame.. The official Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony will occur during the May 2019 REALTORS® Legislative Meetings & Trade Expo, held in Washington, D.C. Additional details about the induction ceremony will be provided soon. As a Hall of Fame member, a plaque bearing Scheidts name will be displayed on the rooftop of the NAR building in Washington, D.C.. Congratulations on this accomplishment!. ...
EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM (LESS THAN 8-HOURS) EXPOSURE: Abrin poisons the cells of the body by blocking (inhibiting) the formation (synthesis) of essential components of cells (proteins). Contact of abrin with the skin, eyes, lungs, or the moist lining of body passages and cavities (mucous membranes) can cause severe irritation, inflammation, and internal bleeding (hemorrhage). The health effects caused by abrin depend on the route of exposure and the amount of abrin to which the patient/victim is exposed. Ingestion of abrin produces severe vomiting (emesis) and diarrhea that may result in serious dehydration (hypovolemic shock) and multi-system organ failure affecting the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, kidneys, liver and pancreas; these effects are potentially fatal. In addition to cough and fever, inhalation of abrin may cause fluid accumulation in the lungs (pulmonary edema) and respiratory distress; these effects are potentially fatal. Illness resulting from exposure to abrin cannot be transmitted ...
EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM (LESS THAN 8-HOURS) EXPOSURE: Abrin poisons the cells of the body by blocking (inhibiting) the formation (synthesis) of essential components of cells (proteins). Contact of abrin with the skin, eyes, lungs, or the moist lining of body passages and cavities (mucous membranes) can cause severe irritation, inflammation, and internal bleeding (hemorrhage). The health effects caused by abrin depend on the route of exposure and the amount of abrin to which the patient/victim is exposed. Ingestion of abrin produces severe vomiting (emesis) and diarrhea that may result in serious dehydration (hypovolemic shock) and multi-system organ failure affecting the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, kidneys, liver and pancreas; these effects are potentially fatal. In addition to cough and fever, inhalation of abrin may cause fluid accumulation in the lungs (pulmonary edema) and respiratory distress; these effects are potentially fatal. Illness resulting from exposure to abrin cannot be transmitted ...
Rebecca McCue has been with the Stanford School of Medicine since 2007. Before joining the Department of Medicine and SCCR, she worked in clinical research related to the fields of Pain Medicine, Neuroscience, and Psychology. She spent time in pediatric research in Philadelphia before moving to Stanford, and has a background in Biological Basis of Behavior from the University of Pennsylvania. In her current role as Associate Director with the SCCR, Rebecca focuses on infrastructure development, organizational efficiencies, community building and workforce satisfaction, and educational development. She is also a member of the Stanford Education and Planning Initiative (SEPI) and the Research Personnel Advisory Committee (RPAC). ...
Boumkaye is a traditional fermented millet-based drink (Pennisetum glaucum L.) produced in Casamance (region in Senegal). Unknown and circumcised beverage, it has therapeutic properties due to aqueous creeper extracts from Abrus pulchellus plant and naturally present during the process. The objective of this work was to investigate the fabrication process of a millet-based beverage as an alternative source of nutrients. The diagnosis of beverage production by monitoring its physical and chemical parameters during two months of storage at room temperature was studied. The established manufacturing process, composed by a production of aqueous extracts after maceration of the Abrus pulchellus vines, a preparation of millet slurry, and a fermentation step to obtain the Boumkaye, has several features. The study of aging process showed probable lactic and alcoholic fermentations. Further, the finished Boumkaye was characterized by a high acidity (pH of 3), an alcohol content of 5 g/100g and contains an
Toxalbumins are toxic plant proteins that disable ribosomes and thereby inhibit protein synthesis, producing severe cytotoxic effects in multiple organ systems. They are dimers held together by a disulfide bond and comprise a lectin (carbohydrate-binding protein) part which binds to the cell membrane and enables the toxin part to gain access to the cell contents. Toxalbumins are similar in structure to the toxins found in cholera, tetanus, diphtheria and botulinum; and their physiological and toxic properties are similar to those of viperine snake venom. Toxalbumins were first described in about 1890 by Ludwig Brieger (1849-1919) and Sigmund Fraenkel (1868-1939), associates of the organic chemist Eugen Baumann. Brieger first used the term toxin. Toxalbumins notably are present in the plant families Leguminosae and Euphorbiaceae, occurring for instance in Robinia pseudoacacia, Abrus precatorius, Jatropha curcas, Croton gratissimus and Ricinus communis. Typical toxalbumins are abrin and ricin. ...
At one end of the testa, there is a scar, called hilum. The hilum is the position of attachment of seed with its stalk, the funiculus. Near the hilum a small opening is present, called micropyle, through which water enters the seed. Sometimes a ridge is present beyond the hilum, opposite the micropyle, it is called raphe. It represents the base of the funiculus which becomes fused with integument. (The testa are of various natures: It may be tough and leathery in gram (Cicer arietinum) and pea (Pisum sativum) of Fabaceae; hard and horny in castor (Ricinus communis) of Euphorbiaceae; soft and fleshy in gourd (Cucurbita maxima) of Cucurbitaceae. The colour of the testa is gene-rally brown, but it may also be black in Indian shot (Canna indica) of Cannaceae; red in carbs eye (Abrus precatorius) of Fabaceae; whitish or yellow in pea (Pisum sativum) of Fabaceae etc. They also vary in appearance, such as smooth in pea, stria-ted in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) of Solanaceae; wrinkled in cumin seed ...
Angra - Acid Rain Lyrics. Miserebus Sanctus, Precatorius Ominmus Miserebus Sanctus, Precatorius Ominmus Miserebus Sanctus, Domine Deo Sabaoth! When the world had
Dr. Jean Lee studies the pathogenesis of infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus. A major focus of her laboratory has been the preclinical evaluation of S. aureus vaccine candidates in rodent models of staphylococcal disease. Her primary effort is directed toward the design and evaluation of a multicomponent S. aureus bioconjugate vaccine expressed in Escherichia coli by glyco-engineering technology. In addition, she has active collaborations (and funding) with laboratories in Chicago and Maryland for the development of other multicomponent S. aureus vaccine candidates. The Lee laboratory has developed and used animal models of S. aureus colonization and infection to study microbial interactions with the naïve host. In a rodent model of nasal carriage, bacterial factors that promote colonization have been identified, and one of these proteins (clumping factor B) was demonstrated to serve as an effective vaccine candidate to reduce colonization. The gastrointestinal tract is an important ...
The duties of this committee shall be to promote the understanding of the function of the GEORGIA REALTORS® POLITICAL ACTION COMMITTEE; to establish individual local membership goals for RPAC contributors; to access requests and make recommendations to the Board of Directors for approval of RPAC local funds for local candidates and/or issues; shall furnish G.A.RS District Congressional RPAC Trustee with input on state candidates and/or issues. The committee has the authorization for the distribution of funds, using criteria to support candidates that best serve the interest of the local real estate industry.. This committee will stimulate political awareness among the members of the Association, monitor license law changes, and analyze and respond to local, state, and national legislation. They also coordinate legislative objectives with the State and National Associations. This committee shall consist of at least 5 members being the Chair, V.P. of Governmental Affairs, Association President, ...
Definition: a plant that produces wood as its structural tissue. Wood is a structural cellular adaptation that allows woody plants to grow from above ground stems year after year, thus making some woody plants the largest and tallest terrestrial plants. Wood is usually primarily composed of xylem cells with cell walls made of cellulose and ...
https://www.chemistryworld.com/podcasts/curare-and-ouabain/3008865.article Podcasts By Jamie Durrani6 April 2018 Jamie Durrani presents a pair of plant-based poisons Ben Valsler Weve got a killer double-bill this week, as Jamie Durrani presents a pair of poisons… Jamie Durrani While the hot black stuff is simmering down to about the volume of a pint, it must not be allowed to scorch. Guarding your hand with a thick green leaf, you anxiously remove individual embers from the fire or, if you think best, shove them closer to the pot and blow gently on them. It is your only means of temperature control in the most delicate and nerve-racking procedure in all the jungle. Illustration of Acokanthera schimperi flowers, leaves, fruit and seeds Source: Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhlers Medizinal-Pflanzen Acokanthera schimperi This is how the early 20th century explorer Richard Gill described how inhabitants of the Amazon rainforest produced the flying death - curare. This alkaloid is extracted from ...
learning and conducting research during a global pandemic. Reduced in-person classes and virtual classes ... facilities present in OSU. She will also cherish her memories in RPAC when she visited the place for swimming ... Guatemala with the Center for Foodborne Illness Research and Prevention. However, he noted that his good .... ...
o Osteoglossomorpha Greenwood, Rosen, Weitzman & Myers, 1966 (bony-tongue fishes and relatives; luukieliset) ,?- †Jiaohichthys pulchellus Ma, 1983 [Jiaohichthyidae] ,?- †Liaoxiichthys longicephalus Su, 1992 ,?- †Nierrkunia liae Su, 1992 ,?- †Suziichthys xinbinensis Su, 1992 ,?- †Ichthyodectiformes Bardeck & Sprinkle, 1969 ,?-o †Juiquanichthyidae Ma, 1984 , ,-- †Juiquanichthys liui Ma, 1984 , ,-- †Changma shenjiawanensis Ma, 1984 , `--o †Qilianichthys Ma, 1984 , ,-- †Q. hanxiaensis Ma, 1984 , `-- †Q. changmaensis Ma, 1984 ,-- †Lycopteridae Liu, Su, Huang & Chang, 1963 [Lycopteriformes] `--+?-o †Kuyangichthidae Liu, Ma & Liu, 1982 , ,-- †Kuyangichthys microdus Liu, Ma & Liu, 1982 , `-- †Pulinia baojiatunensis Ma, 1983 ,-- Hiodontiformes Taverne, 1979 (kuusilmäkalat) `--+--o †Paralycoptera Chang & Chou, 1977; U. Jur. EAs. , ,-- †P. wui Chang & Chou, 1977 , `-- †P. changi Ma & Sun, 1988 `--+-- †Jinanichthys longicephalus Ma & Sun, 1988 `--o Osteoglossiformes ...
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Many seeds, as those of Aegle marmelos, Plumbago, mistletoe, etc., are sticky and are thereby benefited. Pupalia fruits are provided with bunches of spreading, hooked bristles. D. Explosion. Some plants have pods that explode when ripe and shoot out the seeds. Jaculator mechanism of seed dispersal is found in Impatiens Ruellia Abrus Ecballium Answer: 2 Q3. 467) of Papaveraoeae, after the apertures are opened by porous dehiscehcie, as the capsule swings in air, the minute seeds are dispersed through the pores. Some plants, like peas, gorse and flax, have seedpods that dry out once the seeds are ripe. Certain seeds and a few fruits are provided with appendages which act like parachutes in helping them to float in air. B. • The Millennium Seed Bank Partnership at Kew Inspire offline exploration. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. 465). There ...
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The aim of this study is to evaluate the antioxidant activity, α-amylase inhibition activity, estimation of total phenolic and flavonoid content and the toxicity in ten medicinal plants Woodfordia fructicosa, Tectaria coadunate, Prunus cerasoides, Abrus precatorius, Eclipta prostrate, Poranopsis paniculata, Chenopodium album, Oroxylum indicum, Curcuma caesia, and Butea monosperma collected from Gorkha District of Nepal. Methanolic extracts of all the plants showed the presence of different phytoconstituents such as alkaloids, polyphenols, flavonoids, terpenoids, saponins, glycosides, and quinones. The highest radical scavenging was observed in methanol extract of P. cerasoides with IC50 = 7.54±0.223 µg/ml. The potency of the radical scavenging effect of P. cerasoides was about six times greater than standard ascorbic acid (39.85±0.025 µg/ml) taken. P. cerasoides showed high phenol content (805.48±0.024 mg GAE/g extract) whereas total flavonoid content varied
Title: Antidiabetic Potential of Fabaceae Family: An Overview. VOLUME: 6 ISSUE: 3. Author(s):Rathee Permender, Chaudhary Hema, Rathee Sushila, Rathee Dharmender and Kumar Vikash. Affiliation:PDM College of Pharmacy, Bahadurgarh, Haryana, India.. Keywords:Antidiabetic activity, traditional plants, herbal medicine, fabaceae, insulino-mimetic activity, Antidiabetic, Traditional medicinal plants, hypoglycemic plants, Diabetes, adhya roga, Chinese medicine, Abrus precatorius, Acacia arabica, Acacia catechu, albino rats, Acacia melanoxylon, Acacia modesta, Acacia suma, Albizia lebbek, Albizia moluccana, cholesterol level, Arachis hypogaea, hypolipidemic activity, Bauhinia forficata, kaempferitrin, Bauhinia purpurea, flavonoids, cell regeneration, insulin, Bauhinia variegata, Butea monosperma, serum cholesterol, Aldose reductase. Abstract: Diabetes mellitus is a global metabolic epidemic affecting essential biochemical activities in almost every age group. Over the last century changes in human ...
Coccidiosis is caused in chickens by the genus Eimeria spp, and is considered as one of the dominant poultry diseases worldwide. For decades, anticoccidial products have been used for the successful control of this disease. However, long term use of these products has led to the development of resistance. The current study therefore sought to investigate the anticoccidial activity of the methanol leaf extract of Lannea schimperi on experimentally induced Eimeria tenella (E. tenella) infection in broiler chickens in an attempt to provide good alternative therapy due to increasing resistance to the conventional anticoccidial agents. Seven groups (A-G) of 4 birds were used for the experiment and five groups (A-E) were orally inoculated with 1.0 x 103 sporulated oocysts of E. tenella. Groups A, B and C were treated with 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg body weight of L. schimperi methanolic leaf extract respectively and Group D was treated with1.5 mg/ml of amprolium, group E served as negative control. Groups F and G
The African crested rat is a thief, but its loot only becomes obvious if you take a bite out of it. Doing so would give you a mouthful of ouabain, a poison so strong that it can kill an elephant. The rat doesnt make the poison itself. Instead, it pilfers it from the local Acokanthera schimperi tree. It gnaws on the roots and bark, chews them up, and slavers a coarse toxic gel onto the special hairs on its flanks. Local people use the same poison to coat their arrowheads. The rat uses it as a chemical shield.. The crested rat is found throughout eastern Africa. It is normally sluggish but when threatened, it puts on a vivid display. It pulls its head back, turns sideways onto its attacker and parts the grey fur on its flanks using special muscles. These actions draw attention to a leaf-shaped crest of brown hairs on its side, which are encircled by a target of black and white. Its almost as if the rat is daring a predator to bite it.. Any animal that takes up the invitation is in for trouble. ...
Araneae - Spiders of Europe. An identification tool to European spiders with species descriptions, scientific drawings, distributions and other species related informations
be, Giovan Cosimo Bonomo, 1687. Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg( DE) catalogued the filtration besser as a likely polio for some uncertain patients. Konishi( JP) gave a photo of description, independently acquired adults( AucklandNew mercury), changed by Psychiatric ordinary Thousands approximately experiencing their sites( 3299).
Species: P. albifacies - P. calopterus - P. capitalis - P. fumifrons - P. latirostris - P. luluae - P. plumbeiceps - P. pulchellus - P. ruficeps - P. russatus - P. senex - P. sylvia. Name. Poecilotriccus Berlepsch, 1884. Reference. Journal für Ornithologie 32 p.298. ...
Build: Wed Jun 21 18:33:50 EDT 2017 (commit: 4a3b2dc). National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), 6701 Democracy Boulevard, Bethesda MD 20892-4874 • 301-435-0888. ...
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"Abrus Lele". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 2011-09-15. Retrieved 2010- ...
Abrus precatorius: Is a flowering plant better known as "jequirity bean" or "rosary pea" which is notorious for invading warm ... "Abrus precatorius (rosary pea)". www.cabi.org. Retrieved 2020-12-06. Lieurance, Deah; Flory, S. Luke (2020-10-09). "The UF/IFAS ...
Abildgaardia ovata (Burm.f.) Kral Abrus canescens Welw. ex Baker Abrus melanospermus Hassk. Abrus precatorius L. Abutilon ...
Abrus precatorius L. Aeschynomene brasiliana (Poir.) DC. Aeschynomene evenia Whigh. Aeschynomene falcata (Poir.) DC. ...
Seeds of Abrus precatorius are traditionally used. Each player controls one of the rows. At her turn, the player takes all the ...
Hymenocardiaceae) Abrus precatorius Cissus populnea Flabellaria paniculata Cav., Morinda lucida, Parkia biglobosa (Jacq) Benth ...
Family: Fabaceae, Genus Abrus: Abrus laevigatus E.Mey. indigenous Abrus precatorius L. indigenous Abrus precatorius L. subsp. ...
Caterpillars are known to feed on Abrus precatorius. "Species Details : Anoba sinuata Fabricius, 1775". Catalogue of Life. ...
... is an extremely toxic toxalbumin found in the seeds of the rosary pea (or jequirity pea), Abrus precatorius. It has a ... a toxin which can be found in the seeds of Abrus pulchellus. Abrin is classed as a "select agent" under U.S. law. Abrin is only ... the non-toxic hemagglutinin of Abrus precatorius (Q9M6E9; AAG) is also included as the fifth protein under the collective name ...
Annual rainfall in the Baynes is about 200 mm (8 in). Baynes Mountains flora include Abrus kaokoensis, Baynesia lophophora and ... Swanepoel, W.; Kolberg, H. (August 2011). "Abrus kaokoensis (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae-Abreae), a new species from Namibia". ...
"ABRUS LIMITED people - Find and update company information - GOV.UK". find-and-update.company-information.service.gov.uk. ... Director of Abrus Ltd. Laxman was fined £37,000 plus costs of £3,000 under the Planning (Listed Building and Conservation Areas ...
Eggs are laid on Abrus precatorius, Falcataria moluccana, Acacia sp., Aeschynomene species and numerous other Leguminosae, ...
isolated from tropical legumes, Sesbania rostrata and Abrus precatorius, respectively". Symbiosis. 34 (1): 53-68. Because no ...
He introduced to Latin botany from Arabic from Egypt the names Abrus, Abelmoschus, Lablab, Melochia, each of which designated ... The Latin botanical Abrus is the parent of the chemical name Abrin; see abrine @ CNRTL.fr. The Arabic لبلاب lablāb means any ...
Indigenous people recognizing that the weight of Abrus precatorious seeds remains stable have used them as a weighing unit ( ... Sharma, Rajender Kumar (2021). "Physical seed dormancy in Abrus precatorious (Ratti): a scientific validation of indigenous ... Abrus precatorious) remains relatively constant over long periods of time, even under different environmental conditions ( ...
165-210). Sharma, Rajender Kumar (2021). "Physical seed dormancy in Abrus precatorious (Ratti): a scientific validation of ...
... abrus precatorius) of the Saga tree. The Proton Saga is also a well-known national symbol of Malaysia. The Proton Saga saloon ...
... ) isolated from root nodule of the legume Abrus precatorius L.". Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology ...
Abrus precatorius was the medicinal plant most widely cited in ethnobotanical surveys of the region. Although parts of the ...
The main woman's role was given to Nada Abrus, a high-school student from Split. The film was recorded in 35 days during 1968. ... Goran Marković as Ivan Dragomir Čumić as Puso Martin Crvelin as Saša Gordan Pičuljan as Mladen Nada Abrus as Marija, Ivan's ...
Abrus precatorius, Ormosia coccinea and Ormosia minor); also meaning something very beautiful, punqu door, pünqu (ü stand for a ...
During all this, Abrus father says that he wants his daughter to live with him for some time. There she misbehaves with her ...
They resemble the seeds of Abrus, snoutbeans (Rhynchosia), and Adenanthera, but are much larger than the former two. In ...
... (possibly from Aymara wayruru red and black seeds of a plant (Abrus precatorius, Ormosia coccinea and Ormosia minor ...
The larvae feed on the flowers and seedpods of various woody legumes, including Cassia brachiata, Abrus precatorius and ...
Abrus precatorius Acacia auriculiformis Albizia julibrissin Albizia lebbeck Ardisia crenata Ardisia elliptica Asparagus ...
The larva has been recorded as feeding on Pongamia glabra, Derris scandens, Abrus precatorius (Leguminosae), Xylia ...
He has worked on the toxicity of Abrus precatorius on the maternal and fetal tissues, Kyasanur forest disease and South Indian ...
This mythology has made the Gunjā (Abrus precatorius) seeds - the bright red seed of a fig tree - also a favourite for native ...
The larvae feed on Acacia ataxacantha, Dalbergia hostilis, Abrus canescens, Abrus pulabellus and Allophylus species Wikimedia ...
Abrus aureus R.Vig. (Madagascar) Abrus baladensis Thulin [es] (Somalia) Abrus bottae Deflers [fr] (Saudi Arabia, Yemen) Abrus ... ex Baker (Africa) Abrus somalensis Taub. (Somalia) Abrus wittei Baker f. (Zaire) Wikimedia Commons has media related to Abrus ... ex Baker (Africa) Abrus cantoniensis Hance (China) Abrus diversifoliatus Breteler [es] (Madagascar) Abrus fruticulosus Wall. ex ... Madagascar) Abrus precatorius L. - Jequirity (Africa, Australia, Southeast Asia) Abrus pulchellus Wall. ex Voigt (Africa) Abrus ...
Subpages (4): Abrus fruticulosus Abrus precatorius Abrus pulchellus subsp. pulchellus Abrus species ... go through ‎Abrus page with images of species in efloraofindia (done by me). If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us ... Abrus fruticulosus Wight & Arn. (Images by Vijayasankar Raman (Inserted by J.M.Garg)) ... Abrus page with images of species in efloraofindia : 1 post by 1 author. ...
Abrus precatorius Linn. 相思子 Description from Flora of China. Glycine abrus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 753. 1753.. Lianas. Stem ...
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Abrus Precatorius indications and usages ATC and ICD codes, combinations with other active ingredients and trade names ... "Abrus Precatorius". Indications and usages ATC and ICD codes:. ATC codes: N / A. ICD-10 codes: N / A. Alphabetical lists of ... Abrus Precatorius folia extract. Liquiritiae Radix Extract. Menthol. Piper Betle Leaf Extract Enkasari - Kimia Farma ... Abrus Precatorius seed dry extract. Acacia Catechu bark dry extract. Alpinia Officinarum root dry extract. Curcuma Longa root ...
... Tung, T.C.. ... The complete amino acid sequences of the B-chains of abrin-a and abrin-b, toxic proteins from the seeds of Abrus precatorius. ... The complete amino acid sequence of the A-chain of abrin-a, a toxic protein from the seeds of Abrus precatorius. Agricultural ... The complete amino acid sequence of the A-chain of abrin-a, a toxic protein from the seeds of Abrus precatorius. Agricultural ...
Abrus precatorius L. - Determined By: R. W. Long, 1966. Locality:. USA. Florida. Brevard Co.: Merritt Island. 28º 19 5" N -80º ...
Abrus precatorius is a widely distributed tropical medicinal plant with several therapeutic properties. Therefore in the ... From: Antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of Abrus precatorius leaf extracts - an in vitro study ...
Synonyme: Abrus abrus, Abrus minor, Abrus pauciflorus. Abrus precatorius, known commonly as jequirity, Crabs eye, rosary pea, ... Be the first to review "Abrus precatorius" Cancel reply. Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * ...
Luka is CEO of Five, mobile design and development agency with 80 employees, founded in Croatia with offices in New York. Five is focused on the US market, helping brands like Rhapsody, Squarespace, Choice Hotels, Ministry of Sound, and many others, to build their mobile strategy and products. He is also member of the board of Shoutem, a VC funded mobile app creator with 30 employees and 4000+ customers all over the world. Locally he is active as a lecturer, mentor, columnist and author of 3 IT books. ...
Pharmacognosy Research (Pharmacogn Res.). [ISSN: Print -0976-4836, Online - 0974-8490] [http://www.phcogres.com], It provides peer-reviewed original research articles from the field of Natural Products. The journal serves an international audience of scientists and researchers in a variety of research and academia by quickly disseminating research findings related to Medicinal Plants and Natural Products.. It is a peer reviewed journal aiming to publish high quality original research articles, methods, techniques and evaluation reports, critical reviews, short communications, commentaries and editorials of all aspects of medicinal plant research. The journal is aimed at a broad readership, publishing articles on all aspects of pharmacognosy, and related fields. The journal aims to increase understanding of pharmacognosy as well as to direct and foster further research through the dissemination of scientific information by the publication of manuscripts. The submissions of original contributions ...
Abrus canescens is a species of flowering plant belonging to the legume family, native to Africa. It is considered almost ... Agbagwa, Ikechukwu Ozoemenam (2007). "Evaluation of Diagnostic Vegetative and Reproductive Characters Among Abrus Species in ...
Golden money tree with genuine Pyrite stones and natural Abrus seeds. This amazing tree is perfect for any money altar, ... Genuine Money Pyrite Abrus Seed Tree. * $7500 $75.00 Unit price/ per ... Golden money tree with genuine Pyrite stones and natural Abrus seeds. This amazing tree is perfect for any money altar, ... Home › Genuine Money Pyrite Abrus Seed Tree .selector-wrapper select, .product-variants select { margin-bottom: 13px; } ...
Abrus precatorius (commonly known as jequirity bean or rosary pea) is a plant best known for its red seeds; these are valued ... While the leaves of the Abrus precatorius are consumed as a vegetable in central and east Africa, its seeds are very poisonous ...
... the Abrus precatorius most likely originated in southeast Asia. The Jequirity plant resembles pea pods that are about one inch ...
Abrus precatorius seed. Agglutinin. Aivoeiro. Arraccu-mitim. Buddhist rosary bead. Carolina muida. Crabs eyes. Deadly crabs ...
Informace o rostlin soterek obecn - Abrus precatorius
En el Km 9.8 de la carr. de Paraíso a la Barra de ...
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Abrus precatorius, popularly known as kuch or rati&rsq.. ... Abrus precatorius, popularly known as kuch or rati, is used ... Abrus precatorius poisoning leading to hemorrhagic gastroduodenitis- a rare experience ... Abrus precatorius poisoning leading to hemorrhagic gastroduodenitis� a rare experience. Abrus precatorius poisoning leading to ... gastroduodenitis following accidental ingestion of some beans with bright red and black color which was found to be Abrus ...
Effect of steroidal fraction of seeds of Abrus precatorius Linn. on rat testis. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. 1990 ... Effect of steroidal fraction of seeds of Abrus precatorius Linn. on rat testis. ...
Images of Necklace made of Abrus precatorius seeds.The plant is best known for its seeds ♥ Licensed Images, Artwork and Photos ... Necklace made of Abrus precatorius seeds.The plant is best known for its seeds, which are used as beads and in percussion ...
Abrus-gtk-theme GTK3/4 Themes by vinceliuice 0.98.1.1 or later. GTK2 pixbuf engine or the gtk(2)-engines package. Fedora/RedHat ...
abrus precatorius abrus precatorius in hindi abrus precatorius poisoning actaea spicata in hindi actaea spicata q adrenalinum ... Abrus Precatorius. Published On In Materia MedicaMateria Medica by William Boericke ...
The Emergency Response Safety and Health Database: UN Number Index
Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae, Tortoise Plastron, Rhizome of Rehmannia, Semen Cassiae, Abrus Precatorius ...
... abrus precatorius, Prayer beads: Philippine Herbal Therapy - An illustrated compilation by Godofredo Stuart, with botanical ... Abrus precatorius / Wilipedia. (78). Abrus / Wikipedia (79). The medicinal values of Abrus precatorius: a review study / Sonali ... Abrus precatorius L. / Synonyms / The Plant List (38). Ethno botanical and Phytophrmacological potential of Abrus precatorius L ... Abrus precatorius Poisoning: A Retrospective Study of 112 Patients Abrus precatorius Poisoning: A Retrospective Study of 112 ...
Establishment of Cell Suspension Culture and Plant Regeneration in Abrus precatorius L., a Rare Medicinal Plant * Mohammad ... A new protocol has been developed for cell culture and in vitro regeneration of Abrus precatorius that holds enormous ... Establishment of Cell Suspension Culture and Plant Regeneration in Abrus precatorius L., a Rare Medicinal Plant. Notulae ...
Pada daun sirih (Piper betle L) dan Saga (Abrus precantorius L), memiliki potensi sebagai obat fitofarmaka. Karakteristik suatu ... Aktivitas Antibakteri Streptococcus Mutans, pada Daun sirih (Piper betle) dan Daun saga (Abrus Precantorius) ...
Categories: Abrus Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, CopyrightRestricted 1 images ...
  • Abrus is a genus of flowering plants in the pea family, Fabaceae and the only genus in the tribe Abreae. (wikipedia.org)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Effect of steroidal fraction of seeds of Abrus precatorius Linn. (who.int)
  • While the leaves of the Abrus precatorius are consumed as a vegetable in central and east Africa, its seeds are very poisonous. (brunoclaessens.com)
  • The seeds of Abrus precatorius or Gunjja are very consistent in weight, even under different moisture conditions due to the water-impermeable seed-coat. (stuartxchange.ph)
  • Isolation and partial characterisation of highly toxic lectins from Abrus pulchellus seeds. (nih.gov)
  • While the leaves of Abrus precatorius are used in tea, the seeds are highly toxic. (thebeautybrains.com)
  • If you believe your seeds are from Abrus precatorious, wrap them WITHOUT TOUCHING. (arubatoday.com)
  • The shiny red and black seeds of Abrus precatorius subsp. (sanbi.org)
  • Pair of ear-studs, small rods with a few abrus seeds and thin hair tufts at the top. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Inhibition of hormone-induced ethylene synthesis by the indole plant-growth inhibitor from Abrus precatorius seeds. (prota4u.org)
  • Proteids of Seeds of Abrus Precatorius. (henriettes-herb.com)
  • Aruba has its Abrus precatorious or Bonchi Hojada. (arubatoday.com)
  • Abrus precatorious causes total bodily system shut down. (arubatoday.com)
  • Efficiency of heat denatured lectins from Abrus precatorius as immunoadjuvants. (cairn.edu)
  • Izrada Weba : abeceda za webmastere : [Elektroni ka gra a] / Luka Abrus. (foi.hr)
  • Indian liquorice, jequirity bean, crab's eye (En). (prota4u.org)
  • Abrus canescens is a species of flowering plant belonging to the legume family , native to Africa. (plantdollar.com)
  • Abrus precatorius is a poisonous plant which contains one of the most lethal toxins, Abrin, a toxalbumin that inhibits protein synthesis causing cell death. (arubatoday.com)
  • In the current study, the leaf extract of a medicinal plant, Abrus precatorius was used as a reducing agent for CuO·NPs biosynthesis and the formation of NPs was confirmed with various techniques. (researchgate.net)
  • In the present study, green synthesized zinc sulfide nanoparticles (ZnS NPs) from the leaves of the medicinal plant, Abrus precatorius, were characterized and tested for toxicity using Eudrilus eugeniae. (researchgate.net)
  • Ribosome-inactivating proteins and agglutinins from callus and suspension cultures of Ricinus communis L. and Abrus precatorius L. Plant Science (Limerick) 94(1-2): 161-172. (prota4u.org)
  • OBJECTIVE:To establish the HPLC fingerprint of Abrus mollis seed. (bvsalud.org)
  • Madagascar) Abrus baladensis Thulin [es] (Somalia) Abrus bottae Deflers [fr] (Saudi Arabia, Yemen) Abrus canescens Welw. (wikipedia.org)
  • Madagascar) Abrus precatorius L. - Jequirity (Africa, Australia, Southeast Asia) Abrus pulchellus Wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • India) Abrus gawenensis Thulin (Somalia) Abrus kaokoensis Swanepoel & Kolberg (Namibia) Abrus laevigatus E.Mey. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abrus precatorius is a vine native to India and other tropical and subtropical areas of the world, it is a slender, perennial climber with long, pinnate-leafleted leaves that twines around trees, shrubs, and hedges. (arubatoday.com)
  • It contains 13-18 species, but is best known for a single species jequirity (Abrus precatorius). (stuartxchange.ph)
  • Over a 10-year period three species (Abrus precatorius Canavalia virosa and Cocculus hirsutus) were lost and five species (Gloriosa superba Ampelocissus tomentosa Capparis sepiaria Aganosma cymosa and Tiliacora acuminata) were newly added. (lianaecologyproject.com)
  • Pada daun sirih ( Piper betle L ) dan Saga ( Abrus precantorius L ), memiliki potensi sebagai obat fitofarmaka. (ipb.ac.id)
  • Budidaya dan peluang pengembangan saga manis [Cultural practices and development opportunity for Abrus precatorius]. (prota4u.org)
  • A new protocol has been developed for cell culture and in vitro regeneration of Abrus precatorius that holds enormous potentiality for preparation of medicines. (notulaebiologicae.ro)
  • Abrusosides A-D, four novel sweet-tasting triterpene glycosides from the leaves of Abrus precatorius. (prota4u.org)
  • Toxicity of Abrus precatorius in Nubian goats. (prota4u.org)
  • ex Baker (Africa) Abrus cantoniensis Hance (China) Abrus diversifoliatus Breteler [es] (Madagascar) Abrus fruticulosus Wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • ex Baker (Africa) Abrus somalensis Taub. (wikipedia.org)
  • Somalia) Abrus wittei Baker f. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abrus in the Handbook volume indicated above in this database. (prota4u.org)
  • Studies on cytotoxicity and antitumor screening of red and white forms of Abrus precatorius L. (ajol.info)
  • The authors here present a case of acute hemorrhagic gastroduodenitis following accidental ingestion of some beans with bright red and black color which was found to be Abrus precatorius. (scitechnol.com)