A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain ABRIN.
A toxic lectin from the seeds of jequirity, Abrus precatorius L. Very active poison. Five different proteins have so far been isolated: Abrus agglutinin, the component responsible for: hemagglutinating activity, & abrins a-d, the toxic principals each consisting of two peptide chains are held together by disulfide bonds.
Protein or glycoprotein substances of plant origin that bind to sugar moieties in cell walls or membranes. Some carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) from PLANTS also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. Many plant lectins change the physiology of the membrane of BLOOD CELLS to cause agglutination, mitosis, or other biochemical changes. They may play a role in plant defense mechanisms.
Proteins that share the common characteristic of binding to carbohydrates. Some ANTIBODIES and carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. PLANT LECTINS are carbohydrate-binding proteins that have been primarily identified by their hemagglutinating activity (HEMAGGLUTININS). However, a variety of lectins occur in animal species where they serve diverse array of functions through specific carbohydrate recognition.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
A genus of leguminous herbs or shrubs whose roots yield GLYCYRRHETINIC ACID and its derivative, CARBENOXOLONE.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Educational programs designed to inform graduate pharmacists of recent advances in their particular field.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and animals and causes visceral leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, VISCERAL). The sandfly genera Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia are the vectors.
Substances that are destructive to protozoans.
Drugs used to treat or prevent parasitic infections.
A genus of flagellate protozoa comprising several species that are pathogenic for humans. Organisms of this genus have an amastigote and a promastigote stage in their life cycles. As a result of enzymatic studies this single genus has been divided into two subgenera: Leishmania leishmania and Leishmania viannia. Species within the Leishmania leishmania subgenus include: L. aethiopica, L. arabica, L. donovani, L. enrietti, L. gerbilli, L. hertigi, L. infantum, L. major, L. mexicana, and L. tropica. The following species are those that compose the Leishmania viannia subgenus: L. braziliensis, L. guyanensis, L. lainsoni, L. naiffi, and L. shawi.
A chronic disease caused by LEISHMANIA DONOVANI and transmitted by the bite of several sandflies of the genera Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia. It is commonly characterized by fever, chills, vomiting, anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, leukopenia, hypergammaglobulinemia, emaciation, and an earth-gray color of the skin. The disease is classified into three main types according to geographic distribution: Indian, Mediterranean (or infantile), and African.
Ribosome inactivating proteins consisting of two polypeptide chains, the toxic A subunit and a lectin B subunit, linked by disulfide bridges. The lectin portion binds to cell surfaces and facilitates transport into the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM.
A tree, Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl, known as the source of CAMPHOR.

Pulchellin, a highly toxic type 2 ribosome-inactivating protein from Abrus pulchellus. Cloning heterologous expression of A-chain and structural studies. (1/13)

Pulchellin is a type 2 ribosome-inactivating protein isolated from seeds of the Abrus pulchellus tenuiflorus plant. This study aims to obtain active and homogeneous protein for structural and biological studies that will clarify the functional aspects of this toxin. The DNA fragment encoding pulchellin A-chain was cloned and inserted into pGEX-5X to express the recombinant pulchellin A-chain (rPAC) as a fusion protein in Escherichia coli. The deduced amino acid sequence analyses of the rPAC presented a high sequential identity (> 86%) with the A-chain of abrin-c. The ability of the rPAC to depurinate rRNA in yeast ribosome was also demonstrated in vitro. In order to validate the toxic activity we promoted the in vitro association of the rPAC with the recombinant pulchellin binding chain (rPBC). Both chains were incubated in the presence of a reduced/oxidized system, yielding an active heterodimer (rPAB). The rPAB showed an apparent molecular mass of approximately 60 kDa, similar to the native pulchellin. The toxic activities of the rPAB and native pulchellin were compared by intraperitoneal injection of different dilutions into mice. The rPAB was able to kill 50% of the tested mice with doses of 45 microg x kg(-1). Our results indicated that the heterodimer showed toxic activity and a conformational pattern similar to pulchellin. In addition, rPAC produced in this heterologous system might be useful for the preparation of immunoconjugates with potential as a therapeutic agent.  (+info)

Structure-function analysis and insights into the reduced toxicity of Abrus precatorius agglutinin I in relation to abrin. (2/13)

Abrin and agglutinin-I from the seeds of Abrus precatorius are type II ribosome-inactivating proteins that inhibit protein synthesis in eukaryotic cells. The two toxins share a high degree of sequence similarity; however, agglutinin-I is weaker in its activity. We compared the kinetics of protein synthesis inhibition by abrin and agglutinin-I in two different cell lines and found that approximately 200-2000-fold higher concentration of agglutinin-I is needed for the same degree of inhibition. Like abrin, agglutinin-I also induced apoptosis in the cells by triggering the intrinsic mitochondrial pathway, although at higher concentrations as compared with abrin. The reason for the decreased toxicity of agglutinin-I became apparent on the analysis of the crystal structure of agglutinin-I obtained by us in comparison with that of the reported structure of abrin. The overall protein folding of agglutinin-I is similar to that of abrin-a with a single disulfide bond holding the toxic A subunit and the lectin-like B-subunit together, constituting a heterodimer. However, there are significant differences in the secondary structural elements, mostly in the A chain. The substitution of Asn-200 in abrin-a with Pro-199 in agglutinin-I seems to be a major cause for the decreased toxicity of agglutinin-I. This perhaps is not a consequence of any kink formation by a proline residue in the helical segment, as reported by others earlier, but due to fewer interactions that proline can possibly have with the bound substrate.  (+info)

Quantification of L-abrine in human and rat urine: a biomarker for the toxin abrin. (3/13)

Abrin is a toxic protein found in the jequirity seed. L-Abrine (N-methyl-tryptophan) is also found in the jequirity seed and can be used as a biomarker for abrin exposure. Analysis of L-abrine was added to an existing method for quantifying ricinine as a marker for ricin exposure in human urine and analytically validated. Accuracy and reproducibility were enhanced by including a newly synthesized (13)C(1)(2)H(3)-L-abrine internal standard. One-milliliter urine samples were processed using solid-phase extraction prior to a 6-min high-performance liquid chromatography separation. Protonated molecular ions were formed via electrospray ionization in a triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer and quantified via multiple reaction monitoring. Method validation included the characterization of two enriched urine pools, which were used as quality control materials. Endogenous levels of L-abrine were quantified in a reference range of 113 random urine samples at 0.72 +/- 0.51 ng/mL. Urinary concentrations of L-abrine were monitored in an intentional rat exposure study for up to 48 h. Comparing the results from the human reference range and the animal exposure study indicates that this method is suitable for quantifying L-abrine within 24 h post-exposure. Quantification of L-abrine beyond 24 h is limited by rapid excretion of the biomarker and the level of the L-abrine dose.  (+info)

A biophysical elucidation for less toxicity of agglutinin than abrin-a from the seeds of Abrus precatorius in consequence of crystal structure. (4/13)

 (+info)

Attempted suicide, by mail order: Abrus precatorius. (5/13)

 (+info)

A recombinant mutant abrin A chain expressed in Escherichia coli can be used as an effective vaccine candidate. (6/13)

 (+info)

The role of the C-terminal region of pulchellin A-chain in the interaction with membrane model systems. (7/13)

 (+info)

A new triterpenoid saponin from Abrus precatorius Linn. (8/13)

 (+info)

Define Abrus precatorius. Abrus precatorius synonyms, Abrus precatorius pronunciation, Abrus precatorius translation, English dictionary definition of Abrus precatorius. or n , pl -ties 1. other names for Indian liquorice 2. the seed of the Indian liquorice n., pl. -ties. 1. the Indian licorice, Abrus precatorius, of the...
Gambar 2. Buah saga. Tumbuhan ini banyak tumbuh secara liar di hutan-hutan, ladang-ladang atau sengaja dipelihara di pekarangan. Tumbuh dengan baik pada daerah dataran rendah sampai ketinggian 1000 meter di atas permukaan laut.. 6. Penelitian mekanisme antikanker. Abrin and agglutinin-I from the seeds of Abrus precatorius are type II ribosome-inactivating proteins that inhibit protein synthesis in eukaryotic cells. The two toxins share a high degree of sequence similarity; however, agglutinin-I is weaker in its activity (Bagaria et al., 2006).. Abrus agglutinin (AAG), a hetero tetrameric gal beta (1-3) NAc gal specific lectin, is isolated from seeds of Abrus precatorius. In our previous studies we found that the protein could act as an immunomodulator and immunoadjuvant in native (NA) and heat denatured (HDA) conditions. An anticancer effect of the lectin is reported, but its mode of action is not clearly known (Gosh, 2007).. Daftar Pustaka. Inventaris Tanaman Obat Indonesia, 1994. Ashima ...
The EtOH extract of Abrus schimperi (Fabaceae), collected in Kenya, demonstrated significant activity against Leishmania donovani promastigotes with IC50 value of 3.6 microg/mL. Bioassay-guided fractionation of CHCl3 fraction using Centrifugal Preparative TLC afforded two antiparasitic isoflavanquinones, namely amorphaquinone (1) and pendulone (2). They displayed IC50 values of 0.63 microg/mL and 0.43 microg/mL, respectively, against L. donovani promastigotes. Both the compounds were also evaluated against L. donovani axenic amastigotes and amastigotes in THPI macrophage cultures. In addition, compounds 1 and 2 showed antiplasmodial activity against Plasmodium falciparum D6 and W2 strains, while 2 displayed antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (each IC50 1.44 microg/mL). The 1H and 13C data of 1, not fully assigned previously, were unambiguously assigned using 1D and 2D NMR HMBC and HMQC experiments. In addition, the absolute stereochemistry of ...
PlantsGuru.com: Buy Abrus Precatorius Plant online at low price in India. Huge collection of plants and seeds only at Plants Guru. ✔ Free Shipping ✔ All India Delivery
Botanical Name : Abrus precatorius Family: Fabaceae Genus: Abrus Species: A. precatorius Kingdom: Plantae Order: Fabales Synonyms : Abrus minor and A.
Padhi, P (2014) Terminalia bellerica (baheda) inhibits protective autophagy and induces apoptosis in oral cancer cell lines. MSc thesis.. Panda, Madhusmita (2014) Concanavalin A induced autophagy switches to apoptosis. MSc thesis.. Panda, Prashanta Kumar (2017) Autophagy Dependent Cell Death, Senescence and Differentiation by Abrus Agglutinin in Cancer Therapeutics. PhD thesis.. Panda , Himadri Tanaya (2013) Elucidation of the anticancer property of Abrus agglutinin in oral cancer cell lines. MSc thesis.. Patel, Priti (2015) Synergistic Effect of Trichostatin a and Thymoquinone in Inducing Anticancer Activity in Breast Cancer. MSc thesis.. Pradhan, Naina (2011) DNA Methylation and Cancer. MSc thesis.. Pradhan, Sonali (2014) Deciphering the anti-cancer efficacy of azadirachta indica and its role in re-expression of e-cadherin in breast cancer via snail and hdacs. MSc thesis.. Prasad, Sneha (2012) Isolation and characterization of lectins from red seeds of Abrus precatorius. MSc ...
All contents Copyright 1999-2018 Genius Central and Vitamin Life. All rights reserved. This internet site is hosted by Genius Central, a Web site service provider to natural health stores nationwide. Genius Central and Vitamin Life have no means of independently evaluating the safety or functionality of the products offered by their suppliers and affiliates and thus can neither endorse nor recommend products. Information presented is of a general nature for educational and informational purposes only. Statements about products and health conditions have not been evaluated by the US Food and Drug Administration. Products and information presented herein are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent disease. If you have any concerns about your own health, you should always consult with a physician or other healthcare professional. Your use of this site indicates your agreement to be bound by our Terms and Conditions ...
Abrin is a highly toxic toxalbumin found in the seeds of the rosary pea (or jequirity pea), Abrus precatorius. It has a median toxic dose of 0.7 micrograms per kilogram of body mass when given to mice intravenously (approximately 31.4 times more toxic than ricin, being 22 micrograms per kilogram). The median toxic dose for humans ranges from 10 to 1000 micrograms per kilogram when ingested and is 3.3 micrograms per kilogram when inhaled. Abrin is a ribosome inhibiting protein like ricin, a toxin which can be found in the seeds of the castor oil plant. It is classed as a Select Agent under U.S. law. Abrin is a water-soluble lectin. Abrin in powdered form is yellowish-white. It is a stable substance and can withstand extreme environmental conditions. Though it is combustible, it does not polymerize easily and is not particularly volatile. Abrin is not known to have been weaponised. Abrin naturally occurs in the seeds of the rosary pea, a plant common to tropical regions that is occasionally ...
Interaction of a C-terminal peptide of Bos taurus diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 with model membranes Effect of Hydrophobic Interaction on Structure, Dynamics and Reactivity of Water Topics and Timelines Topics and Timelines Structure and mobility of vanadyl(2+) ion in water adsorbed onto silica gels studied by X- and S-band electron spin resonance spectroscopy and by electron nuclear double resonance spectroscopy The buried shape of an alpine valley from gravity surveys, seismic and ambient noise analysis Isolation and characterization of four type 2 ribosome inactivating pulchellin isoforms from Abrus pulchellus seeds
Hegde, Ramesh and Podder, Sunil K (1998) Evolution of tetrameric lectin Ricinus communis agglutinin from two variant groups of ricin toxin dimers. In: European Journal of Biochemistry, 254 (03). pp. 596-601. Hegde, Ramesh and Podder, Sunil K (1997) A- and B-Subunit Variant Distribution in the Holoprotein Variants of Protein Toxin Abrin: Variants of Abrins I and III Have Constant Toxic A Subunits and Variant Lectin B Subunits. In: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 344 (1). pp. 75-84. Hegde, Ramesh (1992) Coated pits,endosome CURLing and intracellular receptor--ligand trafficking. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 62 (8). pp. 555-564. Hegde, Ramesh and Podder, Sunil K (1991) Studies on the variants of the protein toxins ricin and abrin. In: European Journal of Biochemistry, 204 (1). pp. 155-164. Hegde, Ramesh and Podder, SK and Maitia, TK (1991) Purification and characterization of three toxins and two agglutinins from Abrus precatorius seed by using lactamyl-Sepharose affinity ...
(20S,22S)-3beta,22-dihydroxycucurbita-5(10),24-diene-26,29-dioic acid delta-lactone: triterpenoid from the leaves of Abrus precatorius (Leguminosae); structure in first source
EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM (LESS THAN 8-HOURS) EXPOSURE: Abrin poisons the cells of the body by blocking (inhibiting) the formation (synthesis) of essential components of cells (proteins). Contact of abrin with the skin, eyes, lungs, or the moist lining of body passages and cavities (mucous membranes) can cause severe irritation, inflammation, and internal bleeding (hemorrhage). The health effects caused by abrin depend on the route of exposure and the amount of abrin to which the patient/victim is exposed. Ingestion of abrin produces severe vomiting (emesis) and diarrhea that may result in serious dehydration (hypovolemic shock) and multi-system organ failure affecting the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, kidneys, liver and pancreas; these effects are potentially fatal. In addition to cough and fever, inhalation of abrin may cause fluid accumulation in the lungs (pulmonary edema) and respiratory distress; these effects are potentially fatal. Illness resulting from exposure to abrin cannot be transmitted ...
EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM (LESS THAN 8-HOURS) EXPOSURE: Abrin poisons the cells of the body by blocking (inhibiting) the formation (synthesis) of essential components of cells (proteins). Contact of abrin with the skin, eyes, lungs, or the moist lining of body passages and cavities (mucous membranes) can cause severe irritation, inflammation, and internal bleeding (hemorrhage). The health effects caused by abrin depend on the route of exposure and the amount of abrin to which the patient/victim is exposed. Ingestion of abrin produces severe vomiting (emesis) and diarrhea that may result in serious dehydration (hypovolemic shock) and multi-system organ failure affecting the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, kidneys, liver and pancreas; these effects are potentially fatal. In addition to cough and fever, inhalation of abrin may cause fluid accumulation in the lungs (pulmonary edema) and respiratory distress; these effects are potentially fatal. Illness resulting from exposure to abrin cannot be transmitted ...
Rebecca McCue has been with the Stanford School of Medicine since 2007. Before joining the Department of Medicine and SCCR, she worked in clinical research related to the fields of Pain Medicine, Neuroscience, and Psychology. She spent time in pediatric research in Philadelphia before moving to Stanford, and has a background in Biological Basis of Behavior from the University of Pennsylvania. In her current role as Associate Director with the SCCR, Rebecca focuses on infrastructure development, organizational efficiencies, community building and workforce satisfaction, and educational development. She is also a member of the Stanford Education and Planning Initiative (SEPI) and the Research Personnel Advisory Committee (RPAC). ...
Boumkaye is a traditional fermented millet-based drink (Pennisetum glaucum L.) produced in Casamance (region in Senegal). Unknown and circumcised beverage, it has therapeutic properties due to aqueous creeper extracts from Abrus pulchellus plant and naturally present during the process. The objective of this work was to investigate the fabrication process of a millet-based beverage as an alternative source of nutrients. The diagnosis of beverage production by monitoring its physical and chemical parameters during two months of storage at room temperature was studied. The established manufacturing process, composed by a production of aqueous extracts after maceration of the Abrus pulchellus vines, a preparation of millet slurry, and a fermentation step to obtain the Boumkaye, has several features. The study of aging process showed probable lactic and alcoholic fermentations. Further, the finished Boumkaye was characterized by a high acidity (pH of 3), an alcohol content of 5 g/100g and contains an
Toxalbumins are toxic plant proteins that disable ribosomes and thereby inhibit protein synthesis, producing severe cytotoxic effects in multiple organ systems. They are dimers held together by a disulfide bond and comprise a lectin (carbohydrate-binding protein) part which binds to the cell membrane and enables the toxin part to gain access to the cell contents. Toxalbumins are similar in structure to the toxins found in cholera, tetanus, diphtheria and botulinum; and their physiological and toxic properties are similar to those of viperine snake venom. Toxalbumins were first described in about 1890 by Ludwig Brieger (1849-1919) and Sigmund Fraenkel (1868-1939), associates of the organic chemist Eugen Baumann. Brieger first used the term toxin. Toxalbumins notably are present in the plant families Leguminosae and Euphorbiaceae, occurring for instance in Robinia pseudoacacia, Abrus precatorius, Jatropha curcas, Croton gratissimus and Ricinus communis. Typical toxalbumins are abrin and ricin. ...
At one end of the testa, there is a scar, called hilum. The hilum is the position of attachment of seed with its stalk, the funiculus. Near the hilum a small opening is present, called micropyle, through which water enters the seed. Sometimes a ridge is present beyond the hilum, opposite the micropyle, it is called raphe. It represents the base of the funiculus which becomes fused with integument. (The testa are of various natures: It may be tough and leathery in gram (Cicer arietinum) and pea (Pisum sativum) of Fabaceae; hard and horny in castor (Ricinus communis) of Euphorbiaceae; soft and fleshy in gourd (Cucurbita maxima) of Cucurbitaceae. The colour of the testa is gene-rally brown, but it may also be black in Indian shot (Canna indica) of Cannaceae; red in carbs eye (Abrus precatorius) of Fabaceae; whitish or yellow in pea (Pisum sativum) of Fabaceae etc. They also vary in appearance, such as smooth in pea, stria-ted in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) of Solanaceae; wrinkled in cumin seed ...
Angra - Acid Rain Lyrics. Miserebus Sanctus, Precatorius Ominmus Miserebus Sanctus, Precatorius Ominmus Miserebus Sanctus, Domine Deo Sabaoth! When the world had
Dr. Jean Lee studies the pathogenesis of infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus. A major focus of her laboratory has been the preclinical evaluation of S. aureus vaccine candidates in rodent models of staphylococcal disease. Her primary effort is directed toward the design and evaluation of a multicomponent S. aureus bioconjugate vaccine expressed in Escherichia coli by glyco-engineering technology. In addition, she has active collaborations (and funding) with laboratories in Chicago and Maryland for the development of other multicomponent S. aureus vaccine candidates. The Lee laboratory has developed and used animal models of S. aureus colonization and infection to study microbial interactions with the naïve host. In a rodent model of nasal carriage, bacterial factors that promote colonization have been identified, and one of these proteins (clumping factor B) was demonstrated to serve as an effective vaccine candidate to reduce colonization. The gastrointestinal tract is an important ...
Definition: a plant that produces wood as its structural tissue. Wood is a structural cellular adaptation that allows woody plants to grow from above ground stems year after year, thus making some woody plants the largest and tallest terrestrial plants. Wood is usually primarily composed of xylem cells with cell walls made of cellulose and ...
https://www.chemistryworld.com/podcasts/curare-and-ouabain/3008865.article Podcasts By Jamie Durrani6 April 2018 Jamie Durrani presents a pair of plant-based poisons Ben Valsler Weve got a killer double-bill this week, as Jamie Durrani presents a pair of poisons… Jamie Durrani While the hot black stuff is simmering down to about the volume of a pint, it must not be allowed to scorch. Guarding your hand with a thick green leaf, you anxiously remove individual embers from the fire or, if you think best, shove them closer to the pot and blow gently on them. It is your only means of temperature control in the most delicate and nerve-racking procedure in all the jungle. Illustration of Acokanthera schimperi flowers, leaves, fruit and seeds Source: Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhlers Medizinal-Pflanzen Acokanthera schimperi This is how the early 20th century explorer Richard Gill described how inhabitants of the Amazon rainforest produced the flying death - curare. This alkaloid is extracted from ...
o Osteoglossomorpha Greenwood, Rosen, Weitzman & Myers, 1966 (bony-tongue fishes and relatives; luukieliset) ,?- †Jiaohichthys pulchellus Ma, 1983 [Jiaohichthyidae] ,?- †Liaoxiichthys longicephalus Su, 1992 ,?- †Nierrkunia liae Su, 1992 ,?- †Suziichthys xinbinensis Su, 1992 ,?- †Ichthyodectiformes Bardeck & Sprinkle, 1969 ,?-o †Juiquanichthyidae Ma, 1984 , ,-- †Juiquanichthys liui Ma, 1984 , ,-- †Changma shenjiawanensis Ma, 1984 , `--o †Qilianichthys Ma, 1984 , ,-- †Q. hanxiaensis Ma, 1984 , `-- †Q. changmaensis Ma, 1984 ,-- †Lycopteridae Liu, Su, Huang & Chang, 1963 [Lycopteriformes] `--+?-o †Kuyangichthidae Liu, Ma & Liu, 1982 , ,-- †Kuyangichthys microdus Liu, Ma & Liu, 1982 , `-- †Pulinia baojiatunensis Ma, 1983 ,-- Hiodontiformes Taverne, 1979 (kuusilmäkalat) `--+--o †Paralycoptera Chang & Chou, 1977; U. Jur. EAs. , ,-- †P. wui Chang & Chou, 1977 , `-- †P. changi Ma & Sun, 1988 `--+-- †Jinanichthys longicephalus Ma & Sun, 1988 `--o Osteoglossiformes ...
Exif Keywords: Natur, nature, animals, tiere, kriechtiere, Reptilien, reptiles, Terrarium, Vivarium, sauria, echsen, lizards, agamen, agama, anoles, anolis, gekko, gecko, skink, dragon, chamaeleon, chamaeleon, Terraristik, ...
Many seeds, as those of Aegle marmelos, Plumbago, mistletoe, etc., are sticky and are thereby benefited. Pupalia fruits are provided with bunches of spreading, hooked bristles. D. Explosion. Some plants have pods that explode when ripe and shoot out the seeds. Jaculator mechanism of seed dispersal is found in Impatiens Ruellia Abrus Ecballium Answer: 2 Q3. 467) of Papaveraoeae, after the apertures are opened by porous dehiscehcie, as the capsule swings in air, the minute seeds are dispersed through the pores. Some plants, like peas, gorse and flax, have seedpods that dry out once the seeds are ripe. Certain seeds and a few fruits are provided with appendages which act like parachutes in helping them to float in air. B. • The Millennium Seed Bank Partnership at Kew Inspire offline exploration. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. 465). There ...
Ammonium Dihydrogen Phosphate NH4H2PO4 bulk & research qty manufacturer. Properties, SDS, Applications, Price. Free samples program. Term contracts & credit cards/PayPal accepted.
The aim of this study is to evaluate the antioxidant activity, α-amylase inhibition activity, estimation of total phenolic and flavonoid content and the toxicity in ten medicinal plants Woodfordia fructicosa, Tectaria coadunate, Prunus cerasoides, Abrus precatorius, Eclipta prostrate, Poranopsis paniculata, Chenopodium album, Oroxylum indicum, Curcuma caesia, and Butea monosperma collected from Gorkha District of Nepal. Methanolic extracts of all the plants showed the presence of different phytoconstituents such as alkaloids, polyphenols, flavonoids, terpenoids, saponins, glycosides, and quinones. The highest radical scavenging was observed in methanol extract of P. cerasoides with IC50 = 7.54±0.223 µg/ml. The potency of the radical scavenging effect of P. cerasoides was about six times greater than standard ascorbic acid (39.85±0.025 µg/ml) taken. P. cerasoides showed high phenol content (805.48±0.024 mg GAE/g extract) whereas total flavonoid content varied
Title: Antidiabetic Potential of Fabaceae Family: An Overview. VOLUME: 6 ISSUE: 3. Author(s):Rathee Permender, Chaudhary Hema, Rathee Sushila, Rathee Dharmender and Kumar Vikash. Affiliation:PDM College of Pharmacy, Bahadurgarh, Haryana, India.. Keywords:Antidiabetic activity, traditional plants, herbal medicine, fabaceae, insulino-mimetic activity, Antidiabetic, Traditional medicinal plants, hypoglycemic plants, Diabetes, adhya roga, Chinese medicine, Abrus precatorius, Acacia arabica, Acacia catechu, albino rats, Acacia melanoxylon, Acacia modesta, Acacia suma, Albizia lebbek, Albizia moluccana, cholesterol level, Arachis hypogaea, hypolipidemic activity, Bauhinia forficata, kaempferitrin, Bauhinia purpurea, flavonoids, cell regeneration, insulin, Bauhinia variegata, Butea monosperma, serum cholesterol, Aldose reductase. Abstract: Diabetes mellitus is a global metabolic epidemic affecting essential biochemical activities in almost every age group. Over the last century changes in human ...
Coccidiosis is caused in chickens by the genus Eimeria spp, and is considered as one of the dominant poultry diseases worldwide. For decades, anticoccidial products have been used for the successful control of this disease. However, long term use of these products has led to the development of resistance. The current study therefore sought to investigate the anticoccidial activity of the methanol leaf extract of Lannea schimperi on experimentally induced Eimeria tenella (E. tenella) infection in broiler chickens in an attempt to provide good alternative therapy due to increasing resistance to the conventional anticoccidial agents. Seven groups (A-G) of 4 birds were used for the experiment and five groups (A-E) were orally inoculated with 1.0 x 103 sporulated oocysts of E. tenella. Groups A, B and C were treated with 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg body weight of L. schimperi methanolic leaf extract respectively and Group D was treated with1.5 mg/ml of amprolium, group E served as negative control. Groups F and G
The African crested rat is a thief, but its loot only becomes obvious if you take a bite out of it. Doing so would give you a mouthful of ouabain, a poison so strong that it can kill an elephant. The rat doesnt make the poison itself. Instead, it pilfers it from the local Acokanthera schimperi tree. It gnaws on the roots and bark, chews them up, and slavers a coarse toxic gel onto the special hairs on its flanks. Local people use the same poison to coat their arrowheads. The rat uses it as a chemical shield.. The crested rat is found throughout eastern Africa. It is normally sluggish but when threatened, it puts on a vivid display. It pulls its head back, turns sideways onto its attacker and parts the grey fur on its flanks using special muscles. These actions draw attention to a leaf-shaped crest of brown hairs on its side, which are encircled by a target of black and white. Its almost as if the rat is daring a predator to bite it.. Any animal that takes up the invitation is in for trouble. ...
Araneae - Spiders of Europe. An identification tool to European spiders with species descriptions, scientific drawings, distributions and other species related informations
be, Giovan Cosimo Bonomo, 1687. Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg( DE) catalogued the filtration besser as a likely polio for some uncertain patients. Konishi( JP) gave a photo of description, independently acquired adults( AucklandNew mercury), changed by Psychiatric ordinary Thousands approximately experiencing their sites( 3299).
Species: P. albifacies - P. calopterus - P. capitalis - P. fumifrons - P. latirostris - P. luluae - P. plumbeiceps - P. pulchellus - P. ruficeps - P. russatus - P. senex - P. sylvia. Name. Poecilotriccus Berlepsch, 1884. Reference. Journal für Ornithologie 32 p.298. ...
Build: Wed Jun 21 18:33:50 EDT 2017 (commit: 4a3b2dc). National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), 6701 Democracy Boulevard, Bethesda MD 20892-4874 • 301-435-0888. ...
Global antibody supplier and research reagent supplier to the life science community. Find antibodies and reagents all backed by our Guarantee+.
Abrus precatorius: Is a flowering plant better known as "jequirity bean" or "rosary pea" which is notorious for invading warm ... "Abrus precatorius (rosary pea)". www.cabi.org. Retrieved 2020-12-06. Lieurance, Deah; Flory, S. Luke (2020-10-09). "The UF/IFAS ...
Abildgaardia ovata (Burm.f.) Kral Abrus canescens Welw. ex Baker Abrus melanospermus Hassk. Abrus precatorius L. Abutilon ...
Abrus precatorius L. Aeschynomene brasiliana (Poir.) DC. Aeschynomene evenia Whigh. Aeschynomene falcata (Poir.) DC. ...
"Abrus Lele Biography and Olympic Results". sport-reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-04-18. Retrieved 2010-01-24 ...
Seeds of Abrus precatorius are traditionally used. Each player controls one of the rows. At her turn, the player takes all the ...
Hymenocardiaceae) Abrus precatorius Cissus populnea Flabellaria paniculata Cav., Morinda lucida, Parkia biglobosa (Jacq) Benth ...
Family: Fabaceae, Genus Abrus: Abrus laevigatus E.Mey. indigenous Abrus precatorius L. indigenous Abrus precatorius L. subsp. ...
Caterpillars are known to feed on Abrus precatorius. "Species Details : Anoba sinuata Fabricius, 1775". Catalogue of Life. ...
... is an extremely toxic toxalbumin found in the seeds of the rosary pea (or jequirity pea), Abrus precatorius. It has a ... a toxin which can be found in the seeds of Abrus pulchellus. Abrin is classed as a "Select Agent" under U.S. law. Abrin is only ... the non-toxic hemagglutinin of Abrus precatorius (Q9M6E9; AAG) is also included as the fifth protein under the collective name ...
Adults were reared from larvae found feeding on Abrus precatorius. Savela, Markku (August 1, 2016). "Aphanostola intercepta ...
Annual rainfall in the Baynes is about 200 mm (8 in). Baynes Mountains flora include Abrus kaokoensis, Baynesia lophophora and ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Swanepoel, W.; Kolberg, H. (August 2011). "Abrus kaokoensis (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae ...
... is a Rajasthani language word for Abrus precatorius / Jequirity. A married girl is climbing on Chirmi plant waits for ...
Eggs are laid on Abrus precatorius, Falcataria moluccana, Acacia sp., Aeschynomene species and numerous other Leguminosae, ...
isolated from tropical legumes, Sesbania rostrata and Abrus precatorius, respectively". Symbiosis. 34 (1): 53-68. Because no ...
He introduced to Latin botany from Arabic from Egypt the names Abrus, Abelmoschus, Lablab, Melochia, each of which designated ... The Latin botanical Abrus is the parent of the chemical name Abrin; see abrine @ CNRTL.fr. The Arabic لبلاب lablāb means any ...
The later, also validates the use of Abrus precatorious seeds as weighing unit (Ratti) by indigenous people. Mechanical ... Sharma, Rajender Kumar (2021). "Physical seed dormancy in Abrus precatorious (Ratti): a scientific validation of indigenous ... Abrus precatorious) remains constant for longer period of time, even under different environmental conditions (moisture, ...
165-210). Sharma, Rajender Kumar (2021). "Physical seed dormancy in Abrus precatorious (Ratti): a scientific validation of ...
... abrus precatorius) of the Saga tree. The Proton Saga is also a well-known national symbol of Malaysia. The Proton Saga saloon ...
... ) isolated from root nodule of the legume Abrus precatorius L.". Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology ...
The main woman's role was given to Nada Abrus, a high-school student from Split. The film was recorded in 35 days during 1968. ... Goran Marković as Ivan Dragomir Čumić as Puso Martin Crvelin as Saša Gordan Pičuljan as Mladen Nada Abrus as Marija, Ivan's ...
Abrus precatorius, Ormosia coccinea and Ormosia minor); also meaning something very beautiful, punqu door, pünqu (ü stand for a ...
During all this, Abrus father says that he wants his daughter to live with him for some time. There she misbehaves with her ...
They resemble the seeds of Abrus, snoutbeans (Rhynchosia), and Adenanthera, but are much larger than the former two. In ...
... (possibly from Aymara wayruru red and black seeds of a plant (Abrus precatorius, Ormosia coccinea and Ormosia minor ...
The larvae feed on the flowers and seedpods of various woody legumes, including Cassia brachiata, Abrus precatorius and ...
Abrus precatorius Acacia auriculiformis Albizia julibrissin Albizia lebbeck Ardisia crenata Ardisia elliptica Asparagus ...
The larva has been recorded as feeding on Pongamia glabra, Derris scandens, Abrus precatorius (Leguminosae), Xylia ...
He has worked on the toxicity of Abrus precatorius on the maternal and fetal tissues, Kyasanur forest disease and South Indian ...
The temple gets its name from the Gunja(Gulaganji in Kannada) tree (Abrus precatorius) that grows in the front of the main ...
Abrus aureus R.Vig. (Madagascar) Abrus baladensis Thulin [es] (Somalia) Abrus bottae Deflers [fr] (Saudi Arabia, Yemen) Abrus ... ex Voigt (Africa) Abrus sambiranensis R.Vig. (Madagascar) Abrus schimperi Hochst. ex Baker (Africa) Abrus somalensis Taub. ( ... ex Baker (Africa) Abrus cantoniensis Hance (China) Abrus diversifoliatus Breteler [es] (Madagascar) Abrus fruticulosus Wall. ex ... India) Abrus gawenensis Thulin (Somalia) Abrus kaokoensis Swanepoel & Kolberg (Namibia) Abrus laevigatus E.Mey. (Southern ...
The species is considered most similar to Abrus schimperi. Abrus kaokoensis is only known from three locations in Namibia, all ... Abrus kaokoensis grows as a woody suffrutex (subshrub) 0.3-1.0 metre (1-3 ft) tall. The leaves consist of four to eight pairs ... Abrus kaokoensis is a plant in the legume family Fabaceae, native to Namibia. The species is named for the countrys Kaokoveld ... "Abrus kaokoensis". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 3 May 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged ...
click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Abrus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ...
Abrus precatorius synonyms, Abrus precatorius pronunciation, Abrus precatorius translation, English dictionary definition of ... Abrus precatorius. or n , pl -ties 1. other names for Indian liquorice 2. the seed of the Indian liquorice n., pl. -ties. 1. ... It has been reported that Abrus abrin, isolated from the seeds of Abrus precatorius, showed in vitro and in vivo antitumor ... Abrus precatorius - definition of Abrus precatorius by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Abrus+precatorius ...
GlucoseGlucose: In streptozotocin-induced diabetic Wistar rats, administration of the aqueous extract of Abrus precatorius ( ... CholesterolCholesterol: In streptozotocin-induced diabetic Wistar rats, administration of the aqueous extract of Abrus ...
The best binders were specific for the Abrus agglutinin, showing minimal binding to purified abrin fractions or unrelated ... Abrus agglutinin (a protein related to abrin but with lower toxicity), ricin, and unrelated proteins. Isolated sdAb were also ... we determined that the commercial toxoid preparation used for the original immunizations contained a high percentage of Abrus ... Abrus agglutinin and distinguish between different crude preparations. ...
Abrus precatorius. L.. Abrus precatorius, known commonly as Jequirity, Crabs Eye, Rosary Pea, John Crow Bead, Precatory bean ... The toxin present in Abrus precatorius is a close relative to ricin called abrin. It is a dimer consisting of two protein ... The Tamils use Abrus precatorius seeds of different colors. The red variety with black eye is the most common, but there are ... The seeds of Abrus precatorius are much valued in native jewelry for their bright coloration. The third of the bean with the ...
The present study focuses on isolation and evaluation of the anti-cancer activity of compounds from the leaves of Abrus ... Bhardwaj DK, Bisht MS, Mehta CK (1980) Flavonoids from Abrus precatorius. Phytochemistry 19:2040-2041CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Ghosal S, Dutta SK (1971) Alkaloids of Abrus precatorius. Phytochemistry 10:195-198CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... The present study focuses on isolation and evaluation of the anti-cancer activity of compounds from the leaves of Abrus ...
View Name Sources Download CSV Download BibTeX Bibliography for Abrus+repens by Page ...
Abrus precatorius L.. 1.2 Family Leguminosae. 1.3 Common name(s) Abrus seed. Aivoeiro. Arraccu-mitim. Buddhist rosary bead. ... They are abrus agglutinin (a haemagglutinin) and the toxic principles abrins [a] to [d].. Abrus agglutinin is a tetramer with a ... Abrus precatorius mature or immature seeds are chewed or ingested.. 5.2 Inhalation Unknown.. 5.3 Dermal Unknown.. 5.4 Eye Cold ... Abrus precatorius is a wild plant that grows best in fairly dry regions at low elevations.. 3.1.3 Distribution It grows in ...
Abrus precatorius Linn. Vernacular Names :- Assam : Latuwani ; Bengal : Chunhati ; Bombay : Ghungchi ; English : Indian ... Abrus precatorius Linn. (Papilionaceae). used in traditional medicine could cure rheumatism. *Abrus precatorius Linn. or ratti ... Abrus precatorius Linn. (Papilionaceae). used in traditional medicine could cure rheumatism. By Ashwani Kumar , September 12th ... Abrus precatorius Linn. Vernacular Names :- Assam : Latuwani ; Bengal : Chunhati ; Bombay : Ghungchi ; English : Indian ...
Leaves of Abrus precatorius are sweet and traditionally used to treat cough, malaria, snake bites and boils. This study ... Leaves of Abrus precatorius are sweet and traditionally used to treat cough, malaria, snake bites and boils. This study ... Leaves of Abrus precatorius are sweet and traditionally used to treat cough, malaria, snake bites and boils. This study ... Chemical analysis of leaves of Abrus precatorius. Paul E. D.*. *Paul E. D.* ...
Abrus precatorius (Rosary Pea) is also commonly known as Gunja. Here we are explaining its Uses, Benefits, Dosage and ... Rosary Pea (Abrus precatorius). Better known as Rosary pea, Crabs eye and popularly known as Gunja in Hindi, Abrus precatorius ... Abrus precatorius is a very strong herb and when given in a little bit of overdose, it may lead to severe vomiting and ... Recent Research on Abrus Precatorius. Ethanolic seed extracts of Gunja can help in delay the progression of cataract. ...
Key words: Abrus precatorius, Sephadex, Drangendoffs reagent, paracetamol. ... The therapeutic effect of an alkaloid-rich fraction of the chloroform-methanol extract of Abrus precatorius seeds on ... The therapeutic effect of an alkaloid-rich fraction of the chloroform-methanol extract of Abrus precatorius seeds on ... Therapeutic effect of an alkaloid-rich fraction of Abrus precatorius seed methanol extract on paracetamol-induced liver damage ...
Abrus precatorius L. - Determined By: R. P. Wunderlin, 1985. Locality:. USA. Florida. Lee Co.: Railroad tracks E of Iona Road, ...
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
Stock Images of Abrus precatorius; Rosary Pea; Jequirty; Crabs eye; Precatory bean; Mutual Love Bean; Xiang-si-dou;; Steven ... Abrus precatorius; Rosary Pea; Jequirty; Crabs eye; Precatory bean; Mutual Love Bean; Xiang-si-dou; ...
Song C, Hu Z (1998) Abruquinone A, B, D, E, F, and G from the root of Abrus precatorius. Acta Bot Sin 40:734-739Google Scholar ... Abrus precatorius Antifungal Isoflavanquinones Leishmania Neglected tropical diseases This is a preview of subscription content ... Bhardwaj D, Bisht M, Mehta C (1980) Flavonoids from Abrus precatorius. Phytochemistry 19:2040-2041CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Xiao Z, Wang F, Sun A, Li C, Huang C, Zhang S (2012) A new triterpenoid saponin from Abrus precatorius Linn. Molecules 17:295- ...
One step Purification and Characterisation of Abrin Toxin from Abrus Precatorius Seeds * Swati Banger DRDO-Defence Research and ... In the present work, we have extracted and purified the abrin toxin from Abrus precatorius seeds. The toxin was purified using ... Abrin is a plant toxin obtained from Abrus precatorius seeds. It belongs to the type II ribosomal inactivating proteins (RIPs) ... One step Purification and Characterisation of Abrin Toxin from Abrus Precatorius Seeds. Defence Life Science Journal, 4(4), 231 ...
Abrus seeds are the agents by which the Chamàr or "Native Skinner" caste of India carry on the felonious poisoning of cattle ... Abrus has been used for centuries by the Hindus, who employ the seeds as an external application in skin affections, ulcers, ... Abrus is a dangerous drug, and is employed only in eye disorders requiring the substitutive action of a violent drug ... Some oculists prefer to use abrus seeds in an impalpable powder.. Related Drug.-Cassia Absus, Linné; furnishes flattish, ...
Anticancer Activity Of Petroleum Ether Extract Of Abrus Precatorius On Ehrlich Ascitis Carcinoma In Mice. ...
... ,Along with other therapeutic applications, The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India has indicated the use of ...
abrus_precatorius compound_leaves creeping_herb extensive_creeper Fabaceae Gunja Jequirity kuch Lalkuch Mahabharata Rokta ... Roti, Kuch or Jequirity (Abrus precatorius, family: Fabaceae) is a deciduous creeping woody herb. It grows naturally on fallow ...
The seeds are variously administered internally in nervous disorders, but much caution is needed in the use of the seeds as they possess a strong blood-coagulant, which may cause death ...
This appears to be the first report of amorphaquinone (1) and pendulone (2) from the genus Abrus. ... The EtOH extract of Abrus schimperi (Fabaceae), collected in Kenya, demonstrated significant activity against Leishmania ...
Literature review abrus precatorius. Article Review. The writer used the right keywords, worked professionally, and fulfilled ... Abrus precatorius Annotation Report. The root of Abrus precatorius , Indian liquorice, is sometimes used as a substitute for ... The root of Abrus precatorius , Indian liquorice, is sometimes used as a substitute for liquorice; the seeds are toxic and ... Mentioned in? References in periodicals archive? A review on therapeutic utilities and purificatory procedure of Gunja Abrus ...
Citation: Abrus pulchellus Wall. ex Thw., Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 91. 1859; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 175. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. ...
Saga/Red Lucky Seed (Abrus precatorius Linn). Saga. /Red Lucky Seed (Abrus precatorius Linn) ... Abrus agglutinin (AAG), a hetero tetrameric gal beta (1-3) NAc gal specific lectin, is isolated from seeds of Abrus precatorius ... Abrus agglutinin (AAG), a hetero tetrameric gal beta (1-3) NAc gal specific lectin, is isolated from seeds of Abrus precatorius ... Abrin and agglutinin-I from the seeds of Abrus precatorius are type II ribosome-inactivating proteins that inhibit protein ...
Poisoning due to white seed variety of Abrus precatorius. Pillay, V V; Bhagyanathan, P V; Krishnaprasad, R; Rajesh, R R; ... Abrus/poisoning , Adult , Diarrhea/etiology , Humans , Male , Medicine, Traditional , Phytotherapy , Plant Poisoning , Plants, ... We report an unusual case of poisoning involving the white seed variety of Abrus precatorius that caused serious manifestations ... Abrus / Diarrhea Type of study: Case report Language: English Year: 2005 Type: Article ...
Abrus. Species:. precatorius. Family:. Fabaceae. Uses (Ethnobotany):. Seeds are used as standards of weight and measurement in ...
  • Abrus is a genus of flowering plants in the pea family, Fabaceae and the only genus in the tribe Abreae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abrus kaokoensis is a plant in the legume family Fabaceae, native to Namibia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Roti, Kuch or Jequirity ( Abrus precatorius , family: Fabaceae) is a deciduous creeping woody herb. (floraofbangladesh.com)
  • The EtOH extract of Abrus schimperi (Fabaceae), collected in Kenya, demonstrated significant activity against Leishmania donovani promastigotes with IC50 value of 3.6 microg/mL. (ac.ke)
  • Jequirity bean , ( Abrus precatorius ), also called rosary pea , or Indian licorice , plant of the pea family ( Fabaceae ), found in tropical regions. (britannica.com)
  • Hutchkinson is no fan of Catholics and proposes a way to dispense of them by using rosaries made of the seeds of Abrus precatorius , the rosary seed plant. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The compounds come from the weedy vine Abrus precatorius , commonly known as the rosary pea, which grows in tropical regions worldwide. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Extracted from the rosary pea-a weedy vine, Abrus precatorius , native to Florida-these saponins are 30 to 100 times sweeter than sucrose. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Better known as Rosary pea, Crab's eye and popularly known as Gunja in Hindi, Abrus precatorius is a slender, climbing herb with peculiar bright red seeds. (planetayurveda.com)
  • Rosary pea (Abrus precatorius) with enlarged view of the poisonous seeds. (britannica.com)
  • and rosary pea (Abrus precatorius), a nasty invasive. (miamiherald.com)
  • rosary pea (Abrus precatorius), ?lantana (Lantana camara), and cogongrass? (audubon.org)
  • Abrin is a highly toxic toxalbumin found in the seeds of the rosary pea (or jequirity pea), Abrus precatorius. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abrin and agglutinin, lectins from the seeds of Abrus precatorius are type II ribosome-inactivating proteins that inhibit protein synthesis in eukaryotic cells. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • It has been reported that Abrus abrin, isolated from the seeds of Abrus precatorius , showed in vitro and in vivo antitumor properties by the induction of apoptosis. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The selected sdAb were evaluated for their ability to bind to commercial abrin as well as abrax (a recombinant abrin A-chain), purified abrin fractions, Abrus agglutinin (a protein related to abrin but with lower toxicity), ricin, and unrelated proteins. (mdpi.com)
  • The best binders were specific for the Abrus agglutinin, showing minimal binding to purified abrin fractions or unrelated proteins. (mdpi.com)
  • Through gel analysis and the behavior of anti-abrin monoclonal antibodies, we determined that the commercial toxoid preparation used for the original immunizations contained a high percentage of Abrus agglutinin, explaining the selection of Abrus agglutinin binders. (mdpi.com)
  • Used in conjunction with anti-abrin monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies, these reagents can fill a role to discriminate between the highly toxic abrin and the related, but much less toxic, Abrus agglutinin and distinguish between different crude preparations. (mdpi.com)
  • The toxin present in Abrus precatorius is a close relative to ricin called abrin . (thefullwiki.org)
  • Abrin, which consists of abrus agglutinin, and toxic lectins abrins [a] to [d] are the five toxic glycoproteins found in the seeds (Budavari, 1989). (intox.org)
  • Abrin is a plant toxin obtained from Abrus precatorius seeds. (drdo.gov.in)
  • In the present work, we have extracted and purified the abrin toxin from Abrus precatorius seeds. (drdo.gov.in)
  • Abrin is an extremely toxic plant protein derived from the seeds of the plant Abrus precatorius . (cdc.gov)
  • A new crystal form of abrin-a from the seeds of Abrus precatorius has been obtained by vapor diffusion method. (nebraska.edu)
  • Abrus contains a potent toxin, abrin, along with smaller concentrations of glycyrrhizin, aric acid, and N-methyltryptophal. (westjem.com)
  • Abrin is a toxic protein obtained from the seeds of Abrus precatorius (jequirity bean), which is similar in structure and properties to ricin. (springer.com)
  • A biophysical elucidation for less toxicity of agglutinin than abrin-a from the seeds of Abrus precatorius in consequence of crystal structure. (qxmd.com)
  • A chimeric protein of abrin and Abrus precatorius agglutinin that neutralizes abrin mediated lethality in mice. (qxmd.com)
  • Isolation of antitumor proteins abrin-A and abrin-B from Abrus precatorius. (qxmd.com)
  • A characterization of abrin A from the seeds of the Abrus precatorius plant. (qxmd.com)
  • They are abrus agglutinin (a haemagglutinin) and the toxic principles abrins [a] to [d]. (intox.org)
  • Abrus agglutinin is a tetramer with a molecular weight of 134,900. (intox.org)
  • Maiti, "Immunomodulatory role of native and heat denatured agglutinin from Abrus precatorius " International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, vol. (premiopoesiadiliegro.info)
  • Abrus agglutinin (AAG), a hetero tetrameric gal beta (1-3) NAc gal specific lectin, is isolated from seeds of Abrus precatorius. (ugm.ac.id)
  • Abrus agglutinin, a ribosome inhibiting protein II (RIP II) family lectin, is a heterotetrameric glycoprotein of molecular weight 134 kDa which is composed of two A chains (N-glycosidase activity on 60S eukaryotic ribosome) and two B chains (galactose binding site) linked through a disulphide bridge. (nitrkl.ac.in)
  • Here we studied the anti cancer activity of Abrus agglutinin in various oral cancer cell lines. (nitrkl.ac.in)
  • The protein synthesis inhibitory activity of Abrus agglutinin (IC50) in various oral cell lines is 7.5 µg, 6 µg , 1.25 µg, 56.66 µg in HEp2, RPMI-2650, FaDu, HaCaT respectively. (nitrkl.ac.in)
  • Isolation of four isotoxic proteins and one agglutinin from jequiriti bean ( Abrus precatorius ). (springer.com)
  • This appears to be the first report of antileishmanial activity of compounds 1 and 2 from the genus Abrus against cutaneous leishmaniasis and validates the use of A. precatorius in treating dermatology diseases. (springer.com)
  • This appears to be the first report of amorphaquinone (1) and pendulone (2) from the genus Abrus. (ac.ke)
  • Abrus precatorius Linn. (science20.com)
  • A review on therapeutic utilities and purificatory procedure of Gunja Abrus precatorius Linn. (premiopoesiadiliegro.info)
  • The FT-IR profile screening is aimed to focus on the bioactive chemical components analysis of aqueous extract of Abrus precatorius Linn plant leafs. (innovareacademics.in)
  • The results confirm the fact that leaf of Abrus precatorius Linn plant possesses different bioactive functional chemical components and generated the FT-IR spectrum profile for the medicinally important plant. (innovareacademics.in)
  • 14. Gawade B, Farooqui M. Screening of FT-IR Profile for Phytoconstituents in Hydroalcoholic Extract of Abrus precatorius Linn. (innovareacademics.in)
  • Amylase Inhibitory Activity of Abrus precatorius Linn. (innovareacademics.in)
  • A New Triterpenoid Saponin from Abrus precatorius Linn[J]. MOLECULES,2012,17(1):295-302. (scsio.ac.cn)
  • 2012).A New Triterpenoid Saponin from Abrus precatorius Linn. (scsio.ac.cn)
  • Madagascar) Abrus schimperi Hochst. (wikipedia.org)
  • The species is considered most similar to Abrus schimperi. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antiparasitic and antimicrobial isoflavanquinones from Abrus schimperi. (ac.ke)
  • The seeds of Abrus precatorius are much valued in native jewelry for their bright coloration. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Olsnes S. Toxic and nontoxic lectins from Abrus precatorius . (springer.com)
  • The therapeutic effect of an alkaloid-rich fraction of the chloroform-methanol extract of Abrus precatorius seeds on paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity in rats was investigated in this study. (academicjournals.org)
  • ex Baker (Africa) Abrus cantoniensis Hance (China) Abrus diversifoliatus Breteler [es] (Madagascar) Abrus fruticulosus Wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • India) Abrus gawenensis Thulin (Somalia) Abrus kaokoensis Swanepoel & Kolberg (Namibia) Abrus laevigatus E.Mey. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abrus seeds are the agents by which the Chamàr or "Native Skinner" caste of India carry on the felonious poisoning of cattle for the purpose of securing their hides. (henriettes-herb.com)
  • The medicinal value of Indian herb Abrus Precatorius used in herbal medicines in India. (disabled-world.com)
  • Abrus precatorius is a vine native to India and other tropical and subtropical areas of the world. (westjem.com)
  • Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant potential of Sphaeranthus indicus and Abrus precatorius leaves. (rjptonline.org)
  • Toxicity of Abrus precatorius. (bvsalud.org)
  • Niyogi SK, Rieders F. Toxicity studies with fractions from Abrus precatorius seed kernels. (springer.com)
  • Abrus precatorius, popularly known as 'kuch' or 'rati', is used in weighing gold, making jewelry and children's play. (scitechnol.com)
  • Madagascar) Abrus baladensis Thulin [es] (Somalia) Abrus bottae Deflers [fr] (Saudi Arabia, Yemen) Abrus canescens Welw. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2011. Anthocyanidin 3-galactosides from flowers of Abrus canescens Bak Full Text. (uib.no)
  • Madagascar) Abrus precatorius L. - Jequirity (Africa, Australia, Southeast Asia) Abrus pulchellus Wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abrus kaokoensis grows as a woody suffrutex (subshrub) 0.3-1.0 metre (1-3 ft) tall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abrus kaokoensis is only known from three locations in Namibia, all in Epupa Constituency near the Angola border. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite its presence in a limited number of locations, Abrus kaokoensis is not considered threatened. (wikipedia.org)
  • A natural threat to Abrus kaokoensis comes from blister beetles, who consume the plant's flowers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemopreventive and anti-breast cancer activity of compounds isolated from leaves of Abrus precatorius L. (springer.com)
  • The present study focuses on isolation and evaluation of the anti-cancer activity of compounds from the leaves of Abrus precatorius . (springer.com)
  • Leaves of Abrus precatorius are sweet and traditionally used to treat cough, malaria, snake bites and boils. (academicjournals.org)
  • Choi Y, Hussain R, Pezzuto J, Kinghorn A, Morton J (1989) Abrusosides A-D, four novel sweet-tasting triterpene glycosides from the leaves of Abrus precatorius. (springer.com)
  • A new pterocarpan from the leaves of Abrus precatorius L. (ac.ke)
  • H(100), leaves, roots of Abrus. (africamuseum.be)
  • H(100), leaves of Abrus precatorius L. subsp. (africamuseum.be)
  • H(139) male, leaves of Abrus decoction (H2O) , VO. (africamuseum.be)
  • H(139) male, leaves ashes of Abrus. (africamuseum.be)
  • H(002), leaves maceration in H2O of Abrus precatorius L. subsp. (africamuseum.be)
  • 2)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl subprogenin D (1), together with six known triterpenoids: subprogenin D (2), abrusgenic acid (3), triptotriterpenic acid B (4), abruslactone A (5), abrusogenin (6) and abrusoside C (7) were isolated from the leaves and stems of Abrus precatorius. (scsio.ac.cn)
  • Abrus precatorius is a slender, perennial climber that twines around trees, shrubs, and hedges. (intox.org)
  • Abrus abrus (L.) W. Wight, nom. (usda.gov)
  • Abrus precatorius is a very strong herb and when given in a little bit of overdose, it may lead to severe vomiting and purgation. (planetayurveda.com)
  • This is in consonance with that of an earlier report on certain under-utilized legumes such as Abrus precatorius , Mucuna pruriens var. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Abrus precatorius seeds contain one of the most potent toxins known to man. (westjem.com)
  • I checked the ingredients of the medicine and it said Abrus Precatorius 3x , Aconitum napellus 3x , Viburnum Opulus 3x and Calendula 3x . (abchomeopathy.com)
  • We present a case of a man who survived an intentional ingestion of crushed Abrus seeds after he was treated with aggressive gastric decontamination and supportive care. (westjem.com)
  • Chutima L, Sinenart S, Prasat K (2004) Antitubercular and antiplasmodial constituents of Abrus precatorius. (springer.com)