Abortion, Induced: Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)Veterinary Medicine: The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.Education, Veterinary: Use for general articles concerning veterinary medical education.Veterinary Drugs: Drugs used by veterinarians in the treatment of animal diseases. The veterinarian's pharmacological armamentarium is the counterpart of drugs treating human diseases, with dosage and administration adjusted to the size, weight, disease, and idiosyncrasies of the species. In the United States most drugs are subject to federal regulations with special reference to the safety of drugs and residues in edible animal products.Abortion, Spontaneous: Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.Abortion, Veterinary: Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.Schools, Veterinary: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of veterinary medicine.Abortion, Criminal: Illegal termination of pregnancy.Pathology, Veterinary: The field of veterinary medicine concerned with the causes of and changes produced in the body by disease.Abortion, Therapeutic: Abortion induced to save the life or health of a pregnant woman. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Veterinarians: Individuals with a degree in veterinary medicine that provides them with training and qualifications to treat diseases and injuries of animals.Abortion Applicants: Individuals requesting induced abortions.Abortion, Missed: The retention in the UTERUS of a dead FETUS two months or more after its DEATH.Abortion, Septic: Any type of abortion, induced or spontaneous, that is associated with infection of the UTERUS and its appendages. It is characterized by FEVER, uterine tenderness, and foul discharge.Abortion, Habitual: Three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions.Legislation, Veterinary: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of veterinary medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.Abortion, Threatened: UTERINE BLEEDING from a GESTATION of less than 20 weeks without any CERVICAL DILATATION. It is characterized by vaginal bleeding, lower back discomfort, or midline pelvic cramping and a risk factor for MISCARRIAGE.Animal DiseasesAbortifacient Agents: Chemical substances that interrupt pregnancy after implantation.Dog Diseases: Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Abortion, Incomplete: Premature loss of PREGNANCY in which not all the products of CONCEPTION have been expelled.Aborted Fetus: A mammalian fetus expelled by INDUCED ABORTION or SPONTANEOUS ABORTION.Abortifacient Agents, Steroidal: Steroidal compounds with abortifacient activity.Animal Technicians: Assistants to a veterinarian, biological or biomedical researcher, or other scientist who are engaged in the care and management of animals, and who are trained in basic principles of animal life processes and routine laboratory and animal health care procedures. (Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Abortion, Eugenic: Abortion performed because of possible fetal defects.Animals, Domestic: Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.Cat Diseases: Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Misoprostol: A synthetic analog of natural prostaglandin E1. It produces a dose-related inhibition of gastric acid and pepsin secretion, and enhances mucosal resistance to injury. It is an effective anti-ulcer agent and also has oxytocic properties.Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal: Non-steroidal chemical compounds with abortifacient activity.Pregnancy, Unplanned: Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.Horse Diseases: Diseases of domestic and wild horses of the species Equus caballus.Zoonoses: Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Pregnancy, Unwanted: Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.Vacuum Curettage: Aspiration of the contents of the uterus with a vacuum curette.Horses: Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.Pregnancy Trimester, First: The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.Biography as Topic: A written account of a person's life and the branch of literature concerned with the lives of people. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)Drug Residues: Drugs and their metabolites which are found in the edible tissues and milk of animals after their medication with specific drugs. This term can also apply to drugs found in adipose tissue of humans after drug treatment.Anatomy, Veterinary: The study of the anatomical structures of animals.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Pregnant Women: Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.Sheep Diseases: Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.Contraception: Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.Pets: Animals kept by humans for companionship and enjoyment, as opposed to DOMESTIC ANIMALS such as livestock or farm animals, which are kept for economic reasons.Sterilization, Reproductive: Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.Animal Welfare: The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.Legislation, Medical: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.Bonding, Human-Pet: The emotional attachment of individuals to PETS.Minors: A person who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded.Fetal Death: Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.Women's Rights: The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Neospora: A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Its species are parasitic in dogs, cattle, goats, and sheep, among others. N. caninum, a species that mainly infects dogs, is intracellular in neural and other cells of the body, multiplies by endodyogeny, has no parasitophorous vacuole, and has numerous rhoptries. It is known to cause lesions in many tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord as well as abortion in the expectant mother.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Cats: The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Personhood: The state or condition of being a human individual accorded moral and/or legal rights. Criteria to be used to determine this status are subject to debate, and range from the requirement of simply being a human organism to such requirements as that the individual be self-aware and capable of rational thought and moral agency.Mifepristone: A progestational and glucocorticoid hormone antagonist. Its inhibition of progesterone induces bleeding during the luteal phase and in early pregnancy by releasing endogenous prostaglandins from the endometrium or decidua. As a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist, the drug has been used to treat hypercortisolism in patients with nonpituitary CUSHING SYNDROME.Contraception Behavior: Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.Reproductive Rights: Reproductive rights rest on the recognition of the basic right of all couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing and timing of their children and to have the information and means to do so, and the right to attain the highest standard of sexual and reproductive health. They also include the right of all to make decisions concerning reproduction free of discrimination, coercion and violence.Birth Rate: The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.Dilatation and Curettage: Dilatation of the cervix uteri followed by a scraping of the endometrium with a curette.Livestock: Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.Pregnancy Outcome: Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Beginning of Human Life: The point at which religious ensoulment or PERSONHOOD is considered to begin.Falconiformes: An order of diurnal BIRDS of prey, including EAGLES; HAWKS; buzzards; vultures; and falcons.Pregnancy Trimester, Second: The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.Goat Diseases: Diseases of the domestic or wild goat of the genus Capra.Coccidiosis: Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA.Animals, LaboratoryPregnancy Trimesters: The three approximately equal periods of a normal human PREGNANCY. Each trimester is about three months or 13 to 14 weeks in duration depending on the designation of the first day of gestation.Parasitic Diseases, Animal: Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.Parental Notification: Reporting to parents or guardians about care to be provided to a minor (MINORS).Pregnancy in Adolescence: Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.Contraceptive Devices: Devices that diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Food Inspection: Examination of foods to assure wholesome and clean products free from unsafe microbes or chemical contamination, natural or added deleterious substances, and decomposition during production, processing, packaging, etc.Uterine Hemorrhage: Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.Ethnobotany: The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.United StatesLife: The state that distinguishes organisms from inorganic matter, manifested by growth, metabolism, reproduction, and adaptation. It includes the course of existence, the sum of experiences, the mode of existing, or the fact of being. Over the centuries inquiries into the nature of life have crossed the boundaries from philosophy to biology, forensic medicine, anthropology, etc., in creative as well as scientific literature. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Goats: Any of numerous agile, hollow-horned RUMINANTS of the genus Capra, in the family Bovidae, closely related to the SHEEP.Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.Swine Diseases: Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.Staphylococcus intermedius: A species of gram-positive bacteria in the family STAPHYLOCOCCACEAE. It is a zoonotic organism and common commensal in dogs, but can cause disease in dogs and other animals. It also can be associated with human disease.Catholicism: The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)Records as Topic: The commitment in writing, as authentic evidence, of something having legal importance. The concept includes certificates of birth, death, etc., as well as hospital, medical, and other institutional records.Brucellosis: Infection caused by bacteria of the genus BRUCELLA mainly involving the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM. This condition is characterized by fever, weakness, malaise, and weight loss.Parity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.Laboratory Animal Science: The science and technology dealing with the procurement, breeding, care, health, and selection of animals used in biomedical research and testing.Illegitimacy: The state of birth outside of wedlock. It may refer to the offspring or the parents.Students, Health Occupations: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program in the health occupations.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Judicial Role: The kind of action or activity proper to the judiciary, particularly its responsibility for decision making.Psittacosis: Infection with CHLAMYDOPHILA PSITTACI (formerly Chlamydia psittaci), transmitted to humans by inhalation of dust-borne contaminated nasal secretions or excreta of infected BIRDS. This infection results in a febrile illness characterized by PNEUMONITIS and systemic manifestations.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Pregnancy, Ectopic: A potentially life-threatening condition in which EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs outside the cavity of the UTERUS. Most ectopic pregnancies (>96%) occur in the FALLOPIAN TUBES, known as TUBAL PREGNANCY. They can be in other locations, such as UTERINE CERVIX; OVARY; and abdominal cavity (PREGNANCY, ABDOMINAL).Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.DairyingXylazine: An adrenergic alpha-2 agonist used as a sedative, analgesic and centrally acting muscle relaxant in VETERINARY MEDICINE.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.Placenta Diseases: Pathological processes or abnormal functions of the PLACENTA.Gynecology: A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the physiology and disorders primarily of the female genital tract, as well as female endocrinology and reproductive physiology.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Sheep: Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.Helminthiasis, Animal: Infestation of animals with parasitic worms of the helminth class. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.Ceremonial Behavior: A series of actions, sometimes symbolic actions which may be associated with a behavior pattern, and are often indispensable to its performance.Coxiella burnetii: A species of gram-negative bacteria that grows preferentially in the vacuoles of the host cell. It is the etiological agent of Q FEVER.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Chlamydophila psittaci: A genus of CHLAMYDOPHILA infecting primarily birds. It contains eight known serovars, some of which infect more than one type of host, including humans.Q Fever: An acute infectious disease caused by COXIELLA BURNETII. It is characterized by a sudden onset of FEVER; HEADACHE; malaise; and weakness. In humans, it is commonly contracted by inhalation of infected dusts derived from infected domestic animals (ANIMALS, DOMESTIC).Religion and Medicine: The interrelationship of medicine and religion.Zolazepam: A pyrazolodiazepinone with pharmacological actions similar to ANTI-ANXIETY AGENTS. It is commonly used in combination with TILETAMINE to obtain immobilization and anesthesia in animals.Pregnancy Complications, Infectious: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Bird Diseases: Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.Endometritis: Inflammation of the ENDOMETRIUM, usually caused by intrauterine infections. Endometritis is the most common cause of postpartum fever.Foot Rot: A disease of the horny parts and of the adjacent soft structures of the feet of cattle, swine, and sheep. It is usually caused by Corynebacterium pyogenes or Bacteroides nodosus (see DICHELOBACTER NODOSUS). It is also known as interdigital necrobacillosis. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 18th ed)Animal Population Groups: Animals grouped according to ecological, morphological or genetic populations.Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Rift Valley Fever: An acute infection caused by the RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS, an RNA arthropod-borne virus, affecting domestic animals and humans. In animals, symptoms include HEPATITIS; abortion (ABORTION, VETERINARY); and DEATH. In humans, symptoms range from those of a flu-like disease to hemorrhagic fever, ENCEPHALITIS, or BLINDNESS.Bacterial Infections: Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.Antiparasitic Agents: Drugs used to treat or prevent parasitic infections.Jurisprudence: The science or philosophy of law. Also, the application of the principles of law and justice to health and medicine.Morals: Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Chlamydophila: A genus of the family CHLAMYDIACEAE comprising gram-negative non CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS-like species infecting vertebrates. Chlamydophila do not produce detectable quantities of glycogen. The type species is CHLAMYDOPHILA PSITTACI.Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Congenital Abnormalities: Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.Tiletamine: Proposed anesthetic with possible anticonvulsant and sedative properties.Maternal Mortality: Maternal deaths resulting from complications of pregnancy and childbirth in a given population.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Fetus: The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Protozoan Infections, Animal: Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa. The infections may be experimental or veterinary.Supreme Court Decisions: Decisions made by the United States Supreme Court.Poultry: Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.Abattoirs: Places where animals are slaughtered and dressed for market.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Staphylococcus: A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, coccoid bacteria. Its organisms occur singly, in pairs, and in tetrads and characteristically divide in more than one plane to form irregular clusters. Natural populations of Staphylococcus are found on the skin and mucous membranes of warm-blooded animals. Some species are opportunistic pathogens of humans and animals.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Lameness, Animal: A departure from the normal gait in animals.Medicine, Traditional: Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.Pathology, Clinical: A subspecialty of pathology applied to the solution of clinical problems, especially the use of laboratory methods in clinical diagnosis. (Dorland, 28th ed.)Obstetrics: A medical-surgical specialty concerned with management and care of women during pregnancy, parturition, and the puerperium.Placenta: A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).BerlinSulfamethazine: A sulfanilamide anti-infective agent. It has a spectrum of antimicrobial action similar to other sulfonamides.Administration, Sublingual: Administration of a soluble dosage form by placement under the tongue.Arcanobacterium: A genus of facultatively anaerobic, gram-positive bacteria in the family ACTINOMYCETACEAE, order ACTINOMYCETALES. They are obligate parasites of the PHARYNX in humans and farm animals.Laboratories: Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Rift Valley fever virus: A mosquito-borne species of the PHLEBOVIRUS genus found in eastern, central, and southern Africa, producing massive hepatitis, abortion, and death in sheep, goats, cattle, and other animals. It also has caused disease in humans.Camelids, New World: Ruminant mammals of South America. They are related to camels.Intrauterine Devices: Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.Veterinary Service, Military: A corps of the armed services concerned with animal medicine, the chief interest of which is the care of government-owned working dogs (as in the military police units), working horses (as in state funerals), and working military dolphins (as in undersea exploration and other activities). In the United States Army Veterinary Corps animal medicine overlaps and interconnects with biomedical research using laboratory research animals. A related activity is laboratory animal care. The Corps provides limited care for privately owned animals of military personnel through non-appropriated funds. Military service veterinarians in the United States Army must be graduates of accredited veterinary schools and must have a state license. (Telephone communication with Lt. Col. William Inskeep II, U.S. Army Veterinary Corps, October 4, 1994)Surgery, Veterinary: A board-certified specialty of VETERINARY MEDICINE, requiring at least four years of special education, training, and practice of veterinary surgery after graduation from veterinary school. In the written, oral, and practical examinations candidates may choose either large or small animal surgery. (From AVMA Directory, 43d ed, p278)Oxytetracycline: A TETRACYCLINE analog isolated from the actinomycete STREPTOMYCES rimosus and used in a wide variety of clinical conditions.Animals, Wild: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Human Characteristics: The fundamental dispositions and traits of humans. (Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Contraception, Postcoital: Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).Nebramycin: A complex of antibiotic substances produced by Streptomyces tenebrarius.Andrology: A scientific or medical discipline concerning the study of male reproductive biology, diseases of the male genital organs, and male infertility. Major areas of interest include ENDOCRINOLOGY; SPERMATOGENESIS; semen analysis; FERTILIZATION; CONTRACEPTION; and CRYOPRESERVATION.Conscience: The cognitive and affective processes which constitute an internalized moral governor over an individual's moral conduct.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Value of Life: The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Veterinary Sports Medicine: The field of veterinary medicine concerned with PHYSICAL FITNESS of animals in sports (horse racing, dog racing, etc.) and the diagnosis and treatment of sports injuries in animals.Environmental Microbiology: The study of microorganisms living in a variety of environments (air, soil, water, etc.) and their pathogenic relationship to other organisms including man.Reference Books, Medical: Books in the field of medicine intended primarily for consultation.Ivermectin: A mixture of mostly avermectin H2B1a (RN 71827-03-7) with some avermectin H2B1b (RN 70209-81-3), which are macrolides from STREPTOMYCES avermitilis. It binds glutamate-gated chloride channel to cause increased permeability and hyperpolarization of nerve and muscle cells. It also interacts with other CHLORIDE CHANNELS. It is a broad spectrum antiparasitic that is active against microfilariae of ONCHOCERCA VOLVULUS but not the adult form.Mastitis, Bovine: INFLAMMATION of the UDDER in cows.Parental Consent: Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.Tick Control: Chemical, biological, or medical measures designed to prevent the spread of ticks or the concomitant infestations which result in tick-borne diseases. It includes the veterinary as well as the public health aspects of tick and mite control.DenmarkUterine Perforation: A hole or break through the wall of the UTERUS, usually made by the placement of an instrument or INTRAUTERINE DEVICES.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Moral Obligations: Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Ruminants: A suborder of the order ARTIODACTYLA whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach, including the capacious RUMEN. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.Magnesium Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain magnesium as an integral part of the molecule.Nurses, Male: Nurses of the male sex.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Laboratory Infection: Accidentally acquired infection in laboratory workers.Administration, Intravaginal: The insertion of drugs into the vagina to treat local infections, neoplasms, or to induce labor. The dosage forms may include medicated pessaries, irrigation fluids, and suppositories.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Brucellosis, Bovine: A disease of cattle caused by bacteria of the genus BRUCELLA leading to abortion in late pregnancy. BRUCELLA ABORTUS is the primary infective agent.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Tylosin: Macrolide antibiotic obtained from cultures of Streptomyces fradiae. The drug is effective against many microorganisms in animals but not in humans.Dissertations, Academic as Topic: Dissertations embodying results of original research and especially substantiating a specific view, e.g., substantial papers written by candidates for an academic degree under the individual direction of a professor or papers written by undergraduates desirous of achieving honors or distinction.Tick Infestations: Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Internship, Nonmedical: Advanced programs of training to meet certain professional requirements in fields other than medicine or dentistry, e.g., pharmacology, nutrition, nursing, etc.ItalyFatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.Hip Dysplasia, Canine: A hereditary disease of the hip joints in dogs. Signs of the disease may be evident any time after 4 weeks of age.
(1/403) Serum immunoglobulins in aborted and non-aborted bovine foetuses.

The concentration of immunoglobulin classes G, M and A (IgG, IgM and IgA) in the sera of 233 aborted and 201 non-aborted foetuses was measured. IgM was first detected in a foetus at day 90 of gestation while IgG and IgA were first detected on day 111 of gestation. Immunoglobulins were detected in 81.5% of aborted foetuses and 32.8% of non-aborted foetuses. Total immunoglobulin concentrations of 20 mg/100 ml or greater were found in 35.2% of aborted foetuses but only in 4.5% of non-aborted foetuses. It is suggested that factors resulting in antigenic stimulation of the foetus may play an important part in bovine abortion.  (+info)

(2/403) Role of polymorphonuclear neutrophils in a murine model of Chlamydia psittaci-induced abortion.

To assess the role of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) in Chlamydia psittaci infection in a pregnant mouse model, pregnant and nonpregnant Swiss OF1 mice were depleted of PMNs by treatment with the RB6-8C5 monoclonal antibody before intraperitoneal infection with C. psittaci serotype 1. Nondepleted mice served as infection controls. Depleted mice aborted earlier and had a much higher mortality rate than nondepleted mice. Bacteriological analysis showed that the number of chlamydiae isolated from the spleens of depleted mice at 5 and 7 days postinfection was 100 times greater than that isolated from nondepleted mice. Histopathological analysis of the placentas of depleted mice showed widespread necrosis of the uteroplacental units, with weak immunoreaction to chlamydial antigen, while the placentas of nondepleted mice showed substantial neutrophil infiltration but no large areas of necrosis, with moderate to strong immunoreaction to chlamydial antigen. The livers of depleted mice showed numerous chlamydial inclusions in the hepatocytes, delayed microgranuloma formation, and in the pregnant animals extensive coagulative periportal necrosis. The livers of nondepleted mice displayed multiple small foci of PMNs and mononuclear cells with microgranuloma formation. Among this group of mice, the pregnant animals always had more hepatic damage than nonpregnant animals. Our results suggest that PMNs play an essential role in the response to C. psittaci primary infection, preventing the uncontrolled multiplication of chlamydiae in the liver and spleen.  (+info)

(3/403) Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene of micro-organism WSU 86-1044 from an aborted bovine foetus reveals that it is a member of the order Chlamydiales: proposal of Waddliaceae fam. nov., Waddlia chondrophila gen. nov., sp. nov.

The structural gene encoding the 16S rRNA of the new obligate intracellular organism presently designated WSU 86-1044T was sequenced and analysed to establish its phylogenetic relationships. The 16S rDNA sequence was most closely related to those of chlamydial species, having 84.7-85.3% sequence similarity, while it had 72.4-73.2% similarity with rickettsia-like organisms. When the sequences of the four species of chlamydiae (Chlamydophila psittaci, Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydophila pneumoniae and Chlamydophila pecorum) were compared, they had > 93% sequence similarity indicating that WSU 86-1044T was not close enough to be in the same family as current Chlamydiaceae members. However, based on the 84.7-85.3% 16S rDNA sequence similarity of WSU 86-1044T and other previously described characteristics, WSU 86-1044T belongs to a novel family within the order Chlamydiales; hence, the proposal of Waddliaceae fam. nov., Waddlia chondrophila gen. nov., sp. nov.  (+info)

(4/403) Experimental infection of pregnant cows with Bacillus licheniformis bacteria.

To study the abortifacient potential and fetoplacental tropism of Bacillus licheniformis bacteria, eight cows in the sixth to eighth month of gestation were inoculated intravenously either once (n = 4) or on four successive days (n = 4) with B. licheniformis at doses ranging from 10(9) to 10(12) colony-forming units. Cows were euthanatized and necropsied prior to abortion (n = 2), at the time of abortion (n = 2), or at calving (n = 4). Live-born calves (n = 5) were euthanatized immediately after delivery and necropsied. B. licheniformis was reisolated from placentomes/endometrium in six of eight (75%) cows and from one fetus aborted 43 days after inoculation. Lesions associated with B. licheniformis were restricted to the pregnant uterus, with the exception of one cow, which developed pneumonia. Necrosis in the fetal compartment of the placenta were present in three of four (75%) cows of both inoculation groups. Lesions were mainly restricted to fetal membranes and especially to the fetal side of the placentomes. Necrosis and diffuse neutrophil infiltrations of both villi and intervillous areas occurred in the fetal part of the placenta, and the placentomal interface was distended by bacteria, neutrophils, erythrocytes, and debris. Within trophoblasts, bacteria were located both free in the cytoplasm and in cytoplasmatic vesicles. Inflammation was present in three of eight (38%) calves. Placental and fetal lesions were similar to those found in cases of spontaneous abortions associated with B. licheniformis. The abortifacient potential of B. licheniformis and the tropism for the bovine placenta is demonstrated here for the first time.  (+info)

(5/403) Participation of embryonic genotype in the pregnancy block phenomenon in mice.

Pregnancy block by male pheromones in mice differs in incidence depending on the combination of strains. Female mice of BALB/cA strain mated with BALB/cA males show a 100% pregnancy block when exposed to males of inbred strain DDK shortly after copulation (Chung et al., Biol Reprod 1997; 57:312-319). In the present study, BALB/cA females mated with the males of other strains--CBA/J, C3H/HeN, C57BL/6Cr, and IXBL--showed higher pregnancy rates (66.6-87. 5%) even when they were exposed to DDK males. In the pharmacological induction of pregnancy block with dopamine agonist (bromocriptine, 4 mg/kg BW), BALB/cA females mated with BALB/cA males showed a 100% pregnancy block. In contrast, BALB/cA females mated with CBA/J, C3H/HeN, and C57BL/6Cr males showed higher pregnancy rates (40-70%). These results suggest that the better pregnancy rate of BALB/cA females mated with alien males may be due to the stronger viability of F(1) embryos. This interpretation was confirmed by an embryo transfer experiment in which a higher implantation rate was observed when BALB/cA embryos grown in BALB/cA females exposed to BALB/cA males were transferred into recipient BALB/cA females exposed to DDK males. These results suggest that the embryonic genotype or viability of the embryo is one factor contributing to the occurrence of pregnancy block by male pheromones in mice.  (+info)

(6/403) Abortifacient effects of a unique class of vasoactive lipids from Pinus ponderosa needles.

Pinus ponderosa needle (PN) ingestion by late pregnant cows results in decreased uterine blood flow, premature parturition, and retained placentae. Further, plasma from PN-fed cows increases caruncular arterial tone (i.e., induces prolonged contraction) in an isolated perfused bovine placentome. A novel class of vasoactive lipids was isolated and identified using a bovine placentome assay-guided fractionation of CH2Cl2 extracts of PN. Placentome perfusion tests indicated that 1-12-dodecanedioyl-dimyristate (14-12-14) was the most potent of the PN lipids for increasing caruncular arterial tone. Late pregnant guinea pigs (GP) were used to evaluate the abortifacient activity of these vasoactive lipids. In Study 1, on d 50 of gestation, part of the control diet was replaced with chopped PN (Diet A) or chopped PN subjected to sequential extraction with diethyl ether (Et2O; Diet B); Et2O and CH2Cl2 (Diet C); and Et2O, CH2Cl2, and methanol (Diet D). The GP on Diets A and B exhibited shorter (P<.01) gestation lengths and reduced (P<.01) pig birth weights than GP on the control diet or Diets C and D. Further, only GP on Diets A and B exhibited retained placentae. In Study 2, on d 50 of gestation, part of the control diet was replaced with chopped PN that had been subjected to exhaustive CH2Cl2 extraction and then infiltrated with either CH2Cl2 alone (Diet E), CH2Cl2 containing 14-12-14 (Diet F), or CH2Cl2 containing isocupressic acid (Diet G); then solvents were evaporated. The GP consuming Diet F had shorter (P<.05) gestation lengths and reduced (P<.05) pig birth weights than did GP consuming Diets E or G. The GP consuming Diet F also exhibited a high incidence of retained placentae. These data provide evidence that a unique class of vasoactive lipids in PN exhibit abortifacient activity in guinea pigs.  (+info)

(7/403) Identification and PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of a variant of the Ibaraki virus from naturally infected cattle and aborted fetuses in Japan.

One hundred fourteen field isolates of the Ibaraki virus (IBAV), a member of the epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus serotype 2 (EHDV-2), were isolated from blood samples of affected and apparently healthy cattle and Culicoides biting midges and from blood samples of dams and internal organs of aborted fetuses during an outbreak of Ibaraki disease in the southern part of Japan in 1997. In this outbreak, 242 cattle showed typical symptoms of the disease, and several hundred dams had miscarriages or stillbirths. The viruses that induced typical Ibaraki disease and reproductive problems among cattle were identical and were antigenically closely related to but distinct from previous isolates of IBAV and EHDV-2. The virus was considered to be a putative agent of this outbreak. Reverse transcription-PCR based on segment 3 of the RNA genome of EHDV-2 and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the PCR products were conducted to compare the genomes of the viruses. The results suggested that the virus isolated in 1997 was a variant of IBAV and might be exotic.  (+info)

(8/403) Detection by PCR of Neospora caninum in fetal tissues from spontaneous bovine abortions.

The routine diagnosis of Neospora caninum abortion is based upon histopathologic changes in fetal tissues and identification of tissue parasites by immunohistochemistry. Confirmation of N. caninum infection by immunohistochemistry has low sensitivity. In the present study, we examined the utility of PCR in detecting N. caninum infection in fetal tissues from spontaneous bovine abortion. DNA was obtained from fresh and formalin-fixed tissues from 61 bovine fetuses submitted for abortion diagnosis. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry determined the true status of N. caninum infection in each fetus. In formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues, PCR detected N. caninum DNA in 13 of 13 true-positive fetuses (100%) and in 1 of 16 true-negative fetuses (6%). In fresh or frozen tissues, PCR detected N. caninum DNA in 10 of 13 true-positive fetuses (77%) and 0 of 11 true-negative fetuses (0%). PCR also detected N. caninum DNA in 6 of 8 fetuses that had typical lesions of N. caninum but were immunohistochemistry negative, indicating a higher sensitivity of PCR in comparison to that of immunohistochemistry. N. caninum DNA was amplified most consistently from brain tissue. PCR detection of N. caninum DNA in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues was superior to that in fresh tissues, presumably because of the increased accuracy of sample selection inherent in histologic specimens.  (+info)

*  Stericycle
... abortion clinics, veterinary and animal hospitals, funeral homes, home healthcare agencies, body art studios, and long-term and ...
*  Parachlamydia acanthamoebae
"Evidence for Parachlamydia in bovine abortion". Veterinary Microbiology. 135 (1-2): 169-174. doi:10.1016/j.vetmic.2008.09.049. ... Parachlamydia and Chlamydiaceae in bovine abortion". Veterinary Microbiology. 152 (3-4): 385-393. doi:10.1016/j.vetmic.2011.05. ... Researchers in Switzerland randomly selected 235 late term abortions in cattle during the breeding season of 2003 and 2004 and ...
*  Thogotovirus
THOV is a significant veterinary pathogen, for example, causing a febrile illness and abortion in sheep. As of February 2015, ... including a febrile illness and abortion in sheep. In artificial laboratory infections, it is highly pathogenic in hamsters and ...
*  Vicky Hartzler
Committee Tea Party Caucus Congressional Cement Caucus Veterinary Medicine Caucus Hartzler is an outspoken opponent of abortion ... She opposes abortion and same-sex marriage. Redistricting after the 2010 U.S. Census removed Cole, Lafayette, Ray and Saline ...
*  Borrelia coriaceae
... and the agent of epizootic bovine abortion". Medical and veterinary entomology. 25 (3): 337-43. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2011. ... putative agent of epizootic bovine abortion". American journal of veterinary research. 55 (11): 1509-15. PMID 7879972. Teglas, ... B. coriaceae is a suspected pathogen in cattle, in which it is suspected to cause abortion (specifically, epizootic bovine ... nov.: Putative Agent of Epizootic Bovine Abortion". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 37 (1): 72-74. doi: ...
*  Toxic abortion
Marasti 61, 71331 Bucharest 32, Romania (2) National Institute of Veterinary Medicine Pasteur, Calea Giulesti 333, Bucharest, ... Toxic abortion is a medical phenomenon of spontaneous abortion, miscarriage, or stillbirth caused by toxins in the environment ... "toxic abortion, gastro-enteritis and abortion with dystrophic and haemorrhagic lesions of the foetus." Cadmium has been ... "a considerable number of cases of toxic abortion" being caused by untreated dental caries. Study of pollution-caused abortion ...
*  Neospora caninum
Abortion in dairy cattle was also observed as a major cause of disease by neosporosis. Although this disease is worldwide, it ... Veterinary Parasitology. 168 (1-2): 121-124. doi:10.1016/j.vetpar.2009.09.055. Retrieved March 3, 2012. Mineo, T.W.P.; A.O.T. ... Arnold, M. "Neospora caninum Abortion in Cattle , Animal & Food Sciences". afs.ca.uky.edu. Dubey, JP; Schares, G; Ortega-Mora, ... In addition to being an important cause of cattle abortions, neosporosis is a significant disease in dogs throughout the world ...
*  History of abortion
... or veterinary medicines. So-called 'backstreet' abortionists were fairly common, although their bloody efforts could be fatal. ... While abortion remains legal in most of the West, this legality is regularly challenged by anti-abortion groups. The Vedic and ... He performed an abortion, then illegal, and was put on trial on charges of procuring abortion. Bourne was eventually acquitted ... In America an abortion reform movement emerged in the 1960s. In 1963 The Society for Human Abortions was formed, providing ...
*  Abortion in the United Kingdom
... or veterinary medicines. So-called "backstreet" abortionists were fairly common, although their bloody efforts could be fatal. ... Lobbying in the United Kingdom Abortion Abortion law Abortion debate Religion and abortion Bibliography Halsbury's Laws of ... 87% of abortions were performed at 12 weeks or less and 1.6% (or 2,914 abortions) occurred after 20 weeks. Abortion is free to ... Direct abortion, that is to say, abortion willed either as an end or a means, is gravely contrary to the moral law." It has ...
*  Cloprostenol
This effect is used in animals to induce estrus and to cause abortion. Cooper, M. (1 January 1981). "Prostaglandins in ... Plumb, DC (2015). "Cloprostenol Sodium". Plumb's Veterinary Drug Handbook (8th ed.). Wiley. ISBN 9781118911938. ... veterinary practice". In Practice. 3 (1): 30-34. doi:10.1136/inpract.3.1.30. ...
*  Eric Robinson (veterinarian)
In 1920 he travelled to the Veterinary High School, Berne where he obtained his doctoral degree of Dr. Med. Vet. for his thesis ... Between 1913 and 1919 he conducted research on Tuberculosis, Contagious Abortion and Botulism. ... Alongside his academic duties, he earned the degree of Doctor of Veterinary Science (DVSc) from the University of South Africa ... That same year he established the first private veterinary practice in Knysna and in 1977 when a younger colleague also ...
*  Veterinary ethics
... abortion, duty of care, rights to refuse treatment). Veterinary ethics does not have such a strong interplay. It is rare to ... They can be seen as the founders of the subject in veterinary ethics. Currently, most veterinary schools teach veterinary ... Veterinary ethics is a system of moral principles that apply values and judgements to the practice of veterinary medicine. As a ... Veterinary ethics combines veterinary professional ethics and the subject of animal ethics. It can be interpreted as a critical ...
*  Toxoplasmosis
Chessa G, Chisu V, Porcu R, Masala G (2014). "Molecular characterization of Toxoplasma gondii Type II in sheep abortion in ... Dubey, J.P. "Swine Toxoplasmosis". Veterinary Division - Animal Health Programs. Archived from the original on 2017-03-22. ... Congenital toxoplasmosis is associated with fetal death and abortion, and in infants, it is associated with neurologic deficits ... Veterinary Parasitology. 169 (3-4): 296-303. doi:10.1016/j.vetpar.2010.01.002. ISSN 0304-4017. Webster JP, Kaushik M, Bristow ...
*  List of MeSH codes (C13)
... abortion, septic MeSH C13.703.039.339 --- abortion, threatened MeSH C13.703.039.422 --- abortion, veterinary MeSH C13.703. ... abortion, habitual MeSH C13.703.039.089.339 --- uterine cervical incompetence MeSH C13.703.039.093 --- abortion, incomplete ... abortion, septic MeSH C13.703.700.680 --- pregnancy complications, parasitic MeSH C13.703.700.715 --- puerperal infection MeSH ... MeSH C13.703.039.173 --- abortion, missed MeSH C13.703.039.256 --- ...
*  Daria Nina Love
In 1988, she became the first woman in Australia to be awarded a Doctor of Veterinary Science on the basis of her work on the " ... This led to her interest in equine viral abortion. In 1978, she was promoted to a senior lectureship. and in 1981 she became ... She was the first woman to be awarded the University of Sydney Medal for Veterinary Science (January 1969) and the first woman ... It is recognised within the Faculty of Veterinary Science and the University of Sydney community generally that she should have ...
*  History of virology
"Isolation of a filterable agent causing arteritis of horses and abortion by mares; its differentiation from the equine abortion ... Zacks MA, Paessler S (January 2010). "Encephalitic alphaviruses". Veterinary Microbiology. 140 (3-4): 281-6. doi:10.1016/j. ... Veterinary Research. 41 (6): 44. doi:10.1051/vetres/2010016. PMC 2850149 . PMID 20197026. Bryans JT, Crowe ME, Doll ER, ...
*  Hydroxyprogesterone acetate
OHPA is or was marketed under the brand name Prodox initially for clinical use and then for veterinary use. J. Elks (14 ... Indications: Secondary amenorrhea, functional uterine bleeding, in- fertility, habitual abortion, dysmen-orrhea and ... In 1960, OHPA was introduced also as Prodox as an oral progestin for veterinary use for the indication of estrus suppression in ... Gordon G. Stocking, director of Upjohn's Veterinary Division, Prodox is a synthetic version of progesterone - one of the ...
*  John Russell Greig
In the First World War he served as a Captain in the Royal Army Veterinary Corps. On demob he joined the Department of ... He is noted for the development of several important animal vaccines: Enzootic abortion in ewes; Braxy and Louping ill. His ... He then began working in the Veterinary Department of the City of Glasgow. He self-financed a trip to Copenhagen to meet ... In 1906 he entered the Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies. He completed his studies in 1911 and was admitted a member of ...
*  Phil Richardson
... which allowed the Oklahoma Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners to establish certification for veterinary technicians (2005); ... He consistently supported anti-abortion legislation and has a 100 percent rating from Oklahomans for Life. Richardson also ... attending Pocasset High School and graduating from Oklahoma State University with a Doctorate in Veterinary Medicine. In 1967, ...
*  Maikel Nabil Sanad
He supports LGBT rights and abortion. Nabil is known also for promoting peaceful relations between Egypt and Israel. In his ... Maikel had his Bachelor in Veterinary Medicine from Asyut University in 2009, then he studied law at Cairo University and ...
*  Caesarean section
A late-term abortion using Caesarean section procedures is termed a hysterotomy abortion and is very rarely performed. Self- ... Saunders Comprehensive Veterinary Dictionary, use caesarean, as do most British works. The online versions of the US-published ... Casey, Francis E. "Elective Abortion". Medscape. Medscape. Archived from the original on 14 December 2004. Retrieved 18 March ...
*  Fenbendazole
Abortions in cattle and death in sheep have been reported. Despite being widely used as a dewormer in many species, toxicity ... Junquera, P. (2015-07-26). "FEBANTEL for veterinary use on DOGS, CATS, CATTLE, SHEEP, GOATS, PIG and POULTRY against roundworms ... Junquera, P. (2015-07-26). "OXFENDAZOLE, anthelmintic for veterinary use on CATTLE, SHEEP, GOATS, HORSES, DOGS and CATS against ... Junquera, P. (2015-07-26). "FENBENDAZOLE, anthelmintic for veterinary use on CATTLE, SHEEP, GOATS, PIG, POULTRY, HORSES, DOGS ...
*  Tritrichomonas blagburni
"Today's Veterinary Practice - NOV-DEC 2013". todaysveterinarypractice.epubxp.com. Retrieved 2015-12-10. "Today's Veterinary ... Infected cattle show signs of pyometra and mid- to late-term abortions. Complete eradication of the parasite continues to be ... "New species of parasite discovered as disease agent in domestic cats » College of Veterinary Medicine » University of Florida ...
*  Virginia Board of Health
... the regulation of abortion facilities never played a prominent role in the Board's work. The Board did regulate abortion ... one member shall be a member of the Virginia Veterinary Medical Association, one member shall be a representative of local ... It is playing a prominent role in abortion access issues. The board is appointed by the Governor for four-year terms. Members ... From 1991 to 2010, bills introduced into the Virginia General Assembly proposed to regulate outpatient abortion clinics, but ...
*  Besnoitiosis
The Merck Veterinary Manual, "Besnoitiosis: Introduction" The Free Dictionary, "Besnoitiosis" The Merck Veterinary Manual, " ... abortion and infertility) Besnoitia bennetti in horses and donkeys (characterized by a widespread, serious dermatitis) ...
*  Obstetric ultrasonography
... though indications of other abnormalities can lead to a decision regarding abortion. Perhaps the most common such test uses a ... but still higher than the 30-80 milliwatts per square cm range of the Statison V veterinary LIPUS device. Doppler ...
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health - Spontaneous abortions among veterinarians  Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health - Spontaneous abortions among veterinarians
Methods The investigation was a retrospective cohort study among all the female members of the Finnish Veterinary Association ( ... Conclusions The results suggest that the veterinarians had an increased risk of spontaneous abortion in the 1970s, but not in ... The risk of spontaneous abortion among the veterinarians was compared with that of all other Finnish women and other upper- ... Results The risk of spontaneous abortion was 10.5% for the veterinarians. In the 1970s, practicing veterinarians had an ...
more infohttps://www.sjweh.fi/show_abstract.php?abstract_id=574
Salmonella dublin abortion in cattle | Veterinary Record  Salmonella dublin abortion in cattle | Veterinary Record
Copyright © 2017 British Veterinary Association. All rights reserved.. 京ICP备15042040号-3 ...
more infohttp://veterinaryrecord.bmj.com/content/93/6/162.2
Advisory: Teens reportedly using veterinary meds for abortions - AnabolicMinds.com  Advisory: Teens reportedly using veterinary meds for abortions - AnabolicMinds.com
... teen-aged girls reportedly taking veterinary medications meant to induce abortion in cows to perform their own abortions. The ... And a drug that meant to give a big a$$ cow an abortion should not be used on a lil 120-200lb girls... just a range. If this is ... Teens reportedly using veterinary meds for abortions ... Advisory: Teens reportedly using veterinary meds for abortions ... It's not a regulated drug that needs to be locked up, either, says May, and many veterinary clinics in the Midwest employ teens ...
more infohttp://anabolicminds.com/forum/news-articles/121258-advisory-teens-reportedly.html
Veterinary and medical aspects of abortion in Danish sheep - DTU Orbit  Veterinary and medical aspects of abortion in Danish sheep - DTU Orbit
Section for Veterinary Diagnostics, Division of Veterinary Diagnostics and Research, National Veterinary Institute, Technical ... Section for Veterinary Diagnostics, Division of Veterinary Diagnostics and Research, National Veterinary Institute, Technical ... Veterinary and medical aspects of abortion in Danish sheep. Research output: Research - peer-review › Journal article - Annual ... Virology, Division of Veterinary Diagnostics and Research, National Veterinary Institute, Technical University of Denmark, ...
more infohttp://orbit.dtu.dk/en/publications/veterinary-and-medical-aspects-of-abortion-in-danish-sheep
Unusual cause of abortions in a dairy herd | Veterinary Record  Unusual cause of abortions in a dairy herd | Veterinary Record
These are among matters discussed in the disease surveillance report for November 2012 from SAC Consulting: Veterinary Services ... Copyright © 2017 British Veterinary Association. All rights reserved.. 京ICP备15042040号-3 ...
more infohttp://veterinaryrecord.bmj.com/content/172/5/121
Resolution to Declare Abortion and Euthanasia Veterinarian Procedures | Medical Society of Virginia  Resolution to Declare Abortion and Euthanasia Veterinarian Procedures | Medical Society of Virginia
Resolution to Declare Abortion a Veterinary Procedure. Submitted by Randall K. Falls, MD (not verified) on October 10, 2018 - 1 ... Abortion as a veterinary procedure Submitted by Rozalyn Love, MD (not verified) on October 10, 2018 - 4:55pm ... Resolution on abortion as veterinary procedure. Submitted by Ike Koziol (not verified) on October 9, 2018 - 11:41pm ... Resolution calling abortion and euthanasia veterinary procedures. Submitted by Helen M. Foster, MD (not verified) on October 10 ...
more infohttps://www.msv.org/get-involved/events/msv-annual-meeting/hod-resolutions/resolution-declare-abortion-and-euthanasia
The Artificial Inoculation of Cattle with the Bacillus of Contagious Abortion by Surface, Frank M.: American Veterinary Review,...  The Artificial Inoculation of Cattle with the Bacillus of Contagious Abortion by Surface, Frank M.: American Veterinary Review,...
American Veterinary Review, September 1913, pp. 1-5 - 1913 - Book Condition: Very Good - 1st Edition - First edition. Offprint ... The Artificial Inoculation of Cattle with the Bacillus of Contagious Abortion. Surface, Frank M.. Published by American ...
more infohttps://www.abebooks.co.uk/Artificial-Inoculation-Cattle-Bacillus-Contagious-Abortion/12835253221/bd
Abortion Screen - Porcine | Carlson College of Veterinary Medicine | Oregon State University  Abortion Screen - Porcine | Carlson College of Veterinary Medicine | Oregon State University
Abortion screens are offered at a 50% discount off of standard list prices. Tests included: Necropsy Ag Animal ... Carlson College of Veterinary Medicine » Oregon Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory. Toggle menu Go to search page ... Carlson College of Veterinary Medicine. Oregon State University. 700 SW 30th Street. Corvallis, OR 97331-4801. 541-737-2141 ... The college is fully accredited by the American Veterinary Medical Association, Council on Education (COE). ...
more infohttps://vetmed.oregonstate.edu/diagnostic/tests/abortion-screen-porcine
Hong Kong Veterinary Association | Disgnosis & Management of Abortion | Matt Colston BM & S, CertSHP, MRCVS  Hong Kong Veterinary Association | Disgnosis & Management of Abortion | Matt Colston BM & S, CertSHP, MRCVS
... abortions with still borns and mummified young. Treatments and disease risks including weight and populations are revised in ... Disgnosis & Management of Abortion. Disgnosis & Management of Abortion. Matt Colston BM & S, CertSHP, MRCVS. on behalf of Sheep ... In November 2013, Matt joined Novartis Animal Health as a Veterinary Technical Advisor to the Farm Animal Team, and ... abortions with still borns and mummified young. Treatments and disease risks including weight and populations are revised in ...
more infohttps://www.wcea.education/app/hkva/elearning/veterinarian/hong-kong-veterinary-association/168305/disgnosis-management-of-abortion
Q fever abortions in ruminants and associated on-farm risk factors in northern Cyprus | BMC Veterinary Research | Full Text  Q fever abortions in ruminants and associated on-farm risk factors in northern Cyprus | BMC Veterinary Research | Full Text
The government veterinary services received a total of 622 reports of third trimester cow abortion cases from the entire ... The veterinary service data base had a total of 1415 abortions among ruminants between October 2008 and September 2009. However ... The C. burnetii abortions and presence of ticks on abortion cow cases seem to follow the gradual fall in temperature as the ... Monthly registered cow abortions (October 2008-September 2009) and temporal trends of C. burnetii related cow abortions ( ...
more infohttps://bmcvetres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1746-6148-7-13
Abortion of a sheep fetus due to Cache Valley Fever Virus - Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory  Abortion of a sheep fetus due to Cache Valley Fever Virus - Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory
Abortion of a sheep fetus due to Cache Valley Fever Virus. August 2, 2018. by Mallory Pfeifer ... Abortion of a sheep fetus due to Cache Valley Fever Virus. By Judy Akins, DVM, MS ... A term sheep fetus was submitted to the Texas A&M Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (TVMDL) for a routine necropsy. The fetus ... This virus can cause outbreaks of spontaneous abortion and congenital malformations in sheep. In a non-pregnant adult animal, ...
more infohttp://tvmdl.tamu.edu/2018/08/02/abortion-of-a-sheep-fetus-due-to-cache-valley-fever-virus/
Base de datos CISDOC  Base de datos CISDOC
Maternal occupational exposures and risk of spontaneous abortion in veterinary practice The objective of this study was to ... It was carried out in the form of a questionnaire survey of all graduates from Australian veterinary schools from 1960 to 2000 ... Increased risks of spontaneous abortion were found among women exposed to anaesthetic gases for ≥1h per week, who performed ... examine the relationship between occupational exposures and spontaneous abortion in female veterinarians. ...
more infohttp://www.ilo.org/dyn/cisdoc2/cismain.listDocs?p_lang=es&p_bsubject=970&p_page=4&p_pagesize=50&p_template=NORMALPAGE
DAYONG LI | Researcher Profile | Symptoma.com  DAYONG LI | Researcher Profile | Symptoma.com
Abortion, Veterinary 2x. Death 1x. Basal Ganglia Diseases Register to see all ... Abortion, Veterinary ❗ Check More at Symptoma.com ...
more infohttps://www.symptoma.com/en/research/profile/d_li_10
OPUS at UTS: Novel polymorphisms in ovine immune response genes and their association with abortion - Open Publications of UTS...  OPUS at UTS: Novel polymorphisms in ovine immune response genes and their association with abortion - Open Publications of UTS...
0707 Veterinary Sciences. en_US. utslib.for. 0707 Veterinary Sciences. en_US. ... Novel polymorphisms in ovine immune response genes and their association with abortion. Darlay, RJ McCarthy, AJ Illot, NE Smith ... The IFNGg.168T allele is shown to be associated with increased risk of a ewe having an abortion, while the IFNGg.285G allele is ... The IFNGg.168T allele is shown to be associated with increased risk of a ewe having an abortion, while the IFNGg.285G allele is ...
more infohttps://opus.lib.uts.edu.au/handle/10453/116512
OPUS at UTS: Neospora abortions in dairy cattle: diagnosis, mode of transmission and control - Open Publications of UTS Scholars  OPUS at UTS: Neospora abortions in dairy cattle: diagnosis, mode of transmission and control - Open Publications of UTS Scholars
Veterinary Parasitology, 2005, 128 (3-4), pp. 231 - 241. Issue Date:. 2005-01. ... Neospora abortions in dairy cattle: diagnosis, mode of transmission and control. Hall, CA Reichel, MP Ellis, JT ... To determine the contribution of neospora caninumm to abortions on a dairy farm in NSW (Australia), determine the mode of ... To determine the contribution of neospora caninumm to abortions on a dairy farm in NSW (Australia), determine the mode of ...
more infohttps://opus.lib.uts.edu.au/handle/10453/3909
No questions in Rodent Diseases - lookformedical.com  No questions in Rodent Diseases - lookformedical.com
Abortion, Veterinary (0) * Actinobacillosis (0) * Aleutian Mink Disease (0) * Anal Gland Neoplasms (0) ...
more infohttps://lookformedical.com/answers/en/questions/diseases/animal-diseases/rodent-diseases
No questions in Vesicular Stomatitis - lookformedical.com  No questions in Vesicular Stomatitis - lookformedical.com
Abortion, Veterinary (0) * Actinobacillosis (0) * Aleutian Mink Disease (0) * Anal Gland Neoplasms (0) ...
more infohttps://lookformedical.com/answers/en/questions/diseases/animal-diseases/vesicular-stomatitis
Dendogram of global Brucella abortus biovar 1 genotypes | Open-i  Dendogram of global Brucella abortus biovar 1 genotypes | Open-i
Abortion, Veterinary/epidemiology/microbiology*. *Brucella abortus/classification/genetics*. *Brucellosis, Bovine/complications ... Reproductive failure was reported for 39.0% of the cows with a loss of calves due to abortion or early death amounting to 19.3 ... Reproductive failure was reported for 39.0% of the cows with a loss of calves due to abortion or early death amounting to 19.3 ...
more infohttps://openi.nlm.nih.gov/detailedresult.php?img=PMC4222555_1746-6148-9-233-2&req=4
Goats (new with animal welfare information) | Infonet Biovision Home.  Goats (new with animal welfare information) | Infonet Biovision Home.
Seek veterinary assistance on any abortion.. Vaginal Prolapse. This is the protrusion of the vagina through the vulva caused by ... Abortion . Abortion is a premature expulsion of the foetus. This may be caused by specific infections i.e., toxoplasma, ... Seek veterinary assistance immediately.. Mummified Kids. Muffified kids are produced if the kid has died in the womb for any ... Seek veterinary assistance immediately. In the meantime, keep the doe warm to prevent shock and keep the uterus as clean as ...
more infohttp://www.infonet-biovision.org/AnimalHealth/Goats-new-animal-welfare-information
Mount dora date night  Mount dora date night
Swimier and cheerful Clint pops his springs of veterinary abortion rhapsodically. Migrant and autistic who twilight's robert is ...
more infohttp://dangkhuong.tk/mount-dora-date-night
  • Objectives The objective of the study was to determine whether female veterinarians have an increased risk of spontaneous abortion and whether the potential risk is related to the type of work veterinarians do. (sjweh.fi)
  • The risk of spontaneous abortion among the veterinarians was compared with that of all other Finnish women and other upper-level employees. (sjweh.fi)
  • Results The risk of spontaneous abortion was 10.5% for the veterinarians. (sjweh.fi)
  • In the 1970s, practicing veterinarians had an increased risk of spontaneous abortion as compared with other Finnish women (adjusted odds ratio 1.8, 95% confidence interval 1.0-3.1) or other upper-level employees (adjusted odds ratio 2.0, 95% confidence interval 1.1-3.4). (sjweh.fi)
  • Conclusions The results suggest that the veterinarians had an increased risk of spontaneous abortion in the 1970s, but not in the 1980s. (sjweh.fi)
  • Methods The investigation was a retrospective cohort study among all the female members of the Finnish Veterinary Association (N=549). (sjweh.fi)
  • The demonstration by modified acid-fast or immunospecific staining of organisms of Brucella morphology in abortion material or vaginal discharges provides presumptive evidence of brucellosis, especially if supported by serological tests. (fao.org)
  • Samples from 24 incidents of abortion and 21 ewes delivering malformed lambs or lambs with ante partum decomposition were submitted. (dtu.dk)
  • In bitches treated after 20 days of gestation, abortion is accompanied by the physiological signs of parturition: fetal expulsion, vaginal discharge, reduced appetite, restlessness and mammary congestion. (viovet.co.uk)
  • Infection in ruminants manifests as keratoconjunctivitis or bacteraemia, which can lead to abortion or meningitis, hence causing production losses due to calf losses through abortion and extra veterinary bills, whilst delaying conception, compromising herd health and reducing milk yield after abortion leading to an average cost of £630 per abortion in a dairy herd. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • It's not a regulated drug that needs to be locked up, either, says May, and many veterinary clinics in the Midwest employ teens. (anabolicminds.com)
  • Stericycle also serves myriad small businesses, which include outpatient clinics, medical and dental offices, abortion clinics, veterinary and animal hospitals, funeral homes, home healthcare agencies, body art studios, and long-term and sub-acute care facilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Veterinarians must be vigilant in storing, prescribing and using veterinary products that can harm humans in light of this most recent trend, cautions AAHA. (anabolicminds.com)
  • Is this resolution stating that only veterinarians should perform abortions or euthanasia? (msv.org)
  • Obgyns should provide comprehensive healthcare for women, including abortion when requested, NOT veterinarians. (msv.org)
  • Percentage of abortion incidents confirmed by laboratory as brucellosis (passive and frequently biased). (fao.org)
  • Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of Q fever abortion using a PCR based method on DNA isolated from aborted foetal abomasal contents and placental tissues from ruminants in northern Cyprus. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This webinar provides a detailed discussion on the significance of loss during conception failure, early embryonic death, abortions with still borns and mummified young. (wcea.education)
  • Human medicine is not veterinary medicine. (msv.org)
  • She joined the newly formed School of Veterinary Medicine and Science in 2006. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Detailed information from the School of Veterinary Medicine at Louisiana State University on the reproduction of horses. (dmoztools.net)
  • Detailed information from the School of Veterinary Medicine at Louisiana State University on mares that fail to cycle, mares that cycle but do not conceive, and mares that cycle normally and conceive but then suffer early embryonic death. (dmoztools.net)
  • A facility in northern Virginia offering a full range of breeding services under veterinary supervision. (dmoztools.net)
  • The American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) issued an advisory on its Web site after hearing that the Wisconsin Veterinary Medical Association alerted the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) to the trend, apparently a way for girls to end unwanted pregnancies without the cost of an abortion or having their parents find out. (anabolicminds.com)
  • The college is fully accredited by the American Veterinary Medical Association, Council on Education (COE). (oregonstate.edu)
  • Section for Veterinary Diagnostics , Division of Veterinary Diagnostics and Research , National Veterinary Institute , Technical University of Denmark , Kemitorvet, 2800, Kgs. (dtu.dk)
  • Abortion is a necessary medical procedure performed by medical doctors. (msv.org)
  • This case report describes for the first time transplacental transmission of N. caninum and abortion due to neosporosis in a tapir. (tapirs.org)
  • In case of partial abortion or no abortion, repeat treatment may be recommended 10 days after treatment, between day 30 and day 45 after mating. (viovet.co.uk)
  • In the absence of available data, the veterinary medicinal product should be used with caution in dogs with chronic obstructive-airway disease and/or cardiovascular disease, particularly bacterial endocarditis. (viovet.co.uk)
  • In bitches confirmed pregnant, a partial abortion was observed in 5% of cases in field trials. (viovet.co.uk)