Abortion, Induced: Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)Abortion, Spontaneous: Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.Abortion, Veterinary: Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.Abortion, Criminal: Illegal termination of pregnancy.Abortion, Therapeutic: Abortion induced to save the life or health of a pregnant woman. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Abortion Applicants: Individuals requesting induced abortions.Abortion, Missed: The retention in the UTERUS of a dead FETUS two months or more after its DEATH.Abortion, Septic: Any type of abortion, induced or spontaneous, that is associated with infection of the UTERUS and its appendages. It is characterized by FEVER, uterine tenderness, and foul discharge.Abortion, Habitual: Three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions.Abortion, Threatened: UTERINE BLEEDING from a GESTATION of less than 20 weeks without any CERVICAL DILATATION. It is characterized by vaginal bleeding, lower back discomfort, or midline pelvic cramping and a risk factor for MISCARRIAGE.Abortifacient Agents: Chemical substances that interrupt pregnancy after implantation.Abortion, Incomplete: Premature loss of PREGNANCY in which not all the products of CONCEPTION have been expelled.Aborted Fetus: A mammalian fetus expelled by INDUCED ABORTION or SPONTANEOUS ABORTION.Abortifacient Agents, Steroidal: Steroidal compounds with abortifacient activity.Abortion, Eugenic: Abortion performed because of possible fetal defects.Misoprostol: A synthetic analog of natural prostaglandin E1. It produces a dose-related inhibition of gastric acid and pepsin secretion, and enhances mucosal resistance to injury. It is an effective anti-ulcer agent and also has oxytocic properties.Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal: Non-steroidal chemical compounds with abortifacient activity.Pregnancy, Unplanned: Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.Pregnancy, Unwanted: Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.Vacuum Curettage: Aspiration of the contents of the uterus with a vacuum curette.Pregnancy Trimester, First: The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.Pregnant Women: Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.Contraception: Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.Sterilization, Reproductive: Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.Legislation, Medical: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.Minors: A person who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded.Fetal Death: Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.Women's Rights: The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Personhood: The state or condition of being a human individual accorded moral and/or legal rights. Criteria to be used to determine this status are subject to debate, and range from the requirement of simply being a human organism to such requirements as that the individual be self-aware and capable of rational thought and moral agency.Mifepristone: A progestational and glucocorticoid hormone antagonist. Its inhibition of progesterone induces bleeding during the luteal phase and in early pregnancy by releasing endogenous prostaglandins from the endometrium or decidua. As a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist, the drug has been used to treat hypercortisolism in patients with nonpituitary CUSHING SYNDROME.Contraception Behavior: Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.Reproductive Rights: Reproductive rights rest on the recognition of the basic right of all couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing and timing of their children and to have the information and means to do so, and the right to attain the highest standard of sexual and reproductive health. They also include the right of all to make decisions concerning reproduction free of discrimination, coercion and violence.Birth Rate: The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.Dilatation and Curettage: Dilatation of the cervix uteri followed by a scraping of the endometrium with a curette.Pregnancy Outcome: Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Beginning of Human Life: The point at which religious ensoulment or PERSONHOOD is considered to begin.Pregnancy Trimester, Second: The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.Neospora: A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Its species are parasitic in dogs, cattle, goats, and sheep, among others. N. caninum, a species that mainly infects dogs, is intracellular in neural and other cells of the body, multiplies by endodyogeny, has no parasitophorous vacuole, and has numerous rhoptries. It is known to cause lesions in many tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord as well as abortion in the expectant mother.Pregnancy Trimesters: The three approximately equal periods of a normal human PREGNANCY. Each trimester is about three months or 13 to 14 weeks in duration depending on the designation of the first day of gestation.Parental Notification: Reporting to parents or guardians about care to be provided to a minor (MINORS).Pregnancy in Adolescence: Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.Contraceptive Devices: Devices that diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Uterine Hemorrhage: Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.Life: The state that distinguishes organisms from inorganic matter, manifested by growth, metabolism, reproduction, and adaptation. It includes the course of existence, the sum of experiences, the mode of existing, or the fact of being. Over the centuries inquiries into the nature of life have crossed the boundaries from philosophy to biology, forensic medicine, anthropology, etc., in creative as well as scientific literature. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.Catholicism: The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)Parity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.Illegitimacy: The state of birth outside of wedlock. It may refer to the offspring or the parents.Judicial Role: The kind of action or activity proper to the judiciary, particularly its responsibility for decision making.Coccidiosis: Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA.Pregnancy, Ectopic: A potentially life-threatening condition in which EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs outside the cavity of the UTERUS. Most ectopic pregnancies (>96%) occur in the FALLOPIAN TUBES, known as TUBAL PREGNANCY. They can be in other locations, such as UTERINE CERVIX; OVARY; and abdominal cavity (PREGNANCY, ABDOMINAL).Sheep Diseases: Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.Placenta Diseases: Pathological processes or abnormal functions of the PLACENTA.Gynecology: A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the physiology and disorders primarily of the female genital tract, as well as female endocrinology and reproductive physiology.Pregnancy Complications, Infectious: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Jurisprudence: The science or philosophy of law. Also, the application of the principles of law and justice to health and medicine.Morals: Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Chlamydophila: A genus of the family CHLAMYDIACEAE comprising gram-negative non CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS-like species infecting vertebrates. Chlamydophila do not produce detectable quantities of glycogen. The type species is CHLAMYDOPHILA PSITTACI.Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Congenital Abnormalities: Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.Maternal Mortality: Maternal deaths resulting from complications of pregnancy and childbirth in a given population.Fetus: The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.Supreme Court Decisions: Decisions made by the United States Supreme Court.United StatesHorse Diseases: Diseases of domestic and wild horses of the species Equus caballus.Obstetrics: A medical-surgical specialty concerned with management and care of women during pregnancy, parturition, and the puerperium.Placenta: A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).Administration, Sublingual: Administration of a soluble dosage form by placement under the tongue.Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Intrauterine Devices: Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Goat Diseases: Diseases of the domestic or wild goat of the genus Capra.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Human Characteristics: The fundamental dispositions and traits of humans. (Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Contraception, Postcoital: Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).Conscience: The cognitive and affective processes which constitute an internalized moral governor over an individual's moral conduct.Value of Life: The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Parental Consent: Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.Uterine Perforation: A hole or break through the wall of the UTERUS, usually made by the placement of an instrument or INTRAUTERINE DEVICES.Moral Obligations: Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.Administration, Intravaginal: The insertion of drugs into the vagina to treat local infections, neoplasms, or to induce labor. The dosage forms may include medicated pessaries, irrigation fluids, and suppositories.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Fetal Resorption: The disintegration and assimilation of the dead FETUS in the UTERUS at any stage after the completion of organogenesis which, in humans, is after the 9th week of GESTATION. It does not include embryo resorption (see EMBRYO LOSS).Ethics: The philosophy or code pertaining to what is ideal in human character and conduct. Also, the field of study dealing with the principles of morality.Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Hydatidiform Mole: Trophoblastic hyperplasia associated with normal gestation, or molar pregnancy. It is characterized by the swelling of the CHORIONIC VILLI and elevated human CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN. Hydatidiform moles or molar pregnancy may be categorized as complete or partial based on their gross morphology, histopathology, and karyotype.Abnormalities, Drug-Induced: Congenital abnormalities caused by medicinal substances or drugs of abuse given to or taken by the mother, or to which she is inadvertently exposed during the manufacture of such substances. The concept excludes abnormalities resulting from exposure to non-medicinal chemicals in the environment.Chlamydophila psittaci: A genus of CHLAMYDOPHILA infecting primarily birds. It contains eight known serovars, some of which infect more than one type of host, including humans.Infertility, Female: Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Religion and Medicine: The interrelationship of medicine and religion.Aftercare: The care and treatment of a convalescent patient, especially that of a patient after surgery.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.

Reproductive factors and fatal hip fractures. A Norwegian prospective study of 63,000 women. (1/1455)

STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of reproductive variables (age at menarche, menopause, first and last birth as well as parity, lactation, and abortions) on hip fracture mortality. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective study in Norway with more than 60,000 women followed up for 29 years. A total of 465 deaths as a result of hip fracture were recorded. MAIN RESULTS: Statistically significant linear relations (p < or = 0.02) were found between both age at menarche and length of reproductive period (defined as age at menopause to age at menarche) and the mortality of hip fractures in women aged less than 80. The death rate for women with a late menarche (> or = 17 years) was twice that of the women with relatively early menarche (< or = 13 years). Compared with women with less than 30 years between menopause and menarche, the mortality rate ratio in women with more than 38 reproductive years was 0.5. We also found an inverse relation with age at first birth. CONCLUSIONS: This study supports by hypothesis that an early menarche and a long reproductive period protect against hip fracture mortality. High age at first birth may also be protective.  (+info)

Endocrine biomarkers of early fetal loss in cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis) following exposure to dioxin. (2/1455)

This study examines the endocrine alterations associated with early fetal loss (EFL) induced by an environmental toxin, TCDD (2,3,7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin), in the cynomolgus macaque, a well-documented reproductive/developmental model for humans. Females were administered single doses of 1, 2, and 4 microgram/kg TCDD (n = 4 per dose group) on gestational day (GD) 12. Urinary estrogen metabolites (estrone conjugates) were monitored to establish the day of ovulation, and serum hormones (estradiol, progesterone, chorionic gonadotropin, relaxin) were measured to assess ovarian and placental endocrine status before and after treatment. EFL occurred between GDs 22 and 32 in 10 of the 12 animals treated with TCDD. The primary endocrine alterations associated with TCDD treatment were significant decreases in serum estradiol and bioactive chorionic gonadotropin concentrations (p < 0.02). Less pronounced decreases in serum progesterone (p = 0.10) and relaxin (p < 0.08) also followed TCDD treatment. In contrast, immunoreactive chorionic gonadotropin concentrations were not reduced by TCDD exposure at any level, indicating that TCDD targets specific components of the chorionic gonadotropin synthesis machinery within the trophoblast to alter the functional capacity of the hormone. These data demonstrate the value of endocrine biomarkers in identifying a toxic exposure to primate pregnancy many days before direct signs of reproductive toxicity were apparent. The increased EFL that occurred after exposure to TCDD might reflect a toxic response initially mediated via endocrine imbalance, leading to placental insufficiency, compromised embryonic circulation, and subsequent EFL.  (+info)

Outcome of pregnancy in women with congenital shunt lesions. (3/1455)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of pregnancy in women with congenital shunt lesions. SETTING: Retrospective study in a tertiary care centre. METHODS: Pregnancy history was obtained by a standardised questionnaire and medical records were reviewed. PATIENTS: 175 women were identified, at a mean (SD) age of 42 (14) years. Pregnancies occurred in 126 women: 50 with an atrial septal defect, 22 with a ventricular septal defect, 22 with an atrioventricular septal defect, 19 with tetralogy of Fallot, and 13 with other complex shunt lesions. RESULTS: 309 pregnancies were reported by 126 woman (2.5 (1.6) pregnancies per woman). The shortening fraction of the systemic ventricle was 40 (8)%, and 98% were in New York Heart Association class I-II at last follow up. Spontaneous abortions occurred in 17% of pregnancies (abortion rate, 0.4 (0.9) per woman). Gestational age of the 241 newborn infants was 8.8 (0.8) months. There were no maternal deaths related to pregnancy. Pre-eclampsia and embolic events were observed in 1.3% and 0.6%, respectively of all pregnancies. Women with complex shunt lesions more often underwent caesarean section (70% v 15-30%, p = 0.005) and gave birth to smaller babies for equivalent gestation (2577 (671) g v 3016 (572) to 3207 (610) g, p < 0.05). The recurrence risk of congenital heart disease was 2.5%. CONCLUSIONS: The outcome of pregnancy is favourable in women with congenital shunt lesions if their functional class and their systolic ventricular function are good. Such patients can be reassured.  (+info)

Pregnancy after atrial repair for transposition of the great arteries. (4/1455)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk of pregnancy in patients with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) who have undergone atrial repair. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis (1962-94) of 342 TGA patients who underwent atrial repair. Of 231 known late survivors, 48 were women over 18 years old who were interviewed about possible reproductive plans and previous pregnancies. As a control, comparison was made with data of 57 500 women (mean age 26 years) obtained from the Swiss Statistical Bank in Bern. RESULTS: Mean follow up was 13.7 years; 66% remained asymptomatic, 29% had mild to moderate cardiac symptoms, and 5% suffered from severe cardiac symptoms (New York Heart Association grade III-IV). Thirty six of the 48 women wished to bear children and, to date, there have been 10 live births, two spontaneous first trimester abortions, and one induced abortion at 16 weeks. During pregnancy there was one case of cardiac deterioration and two cases of pneumonia. There was no evidence of congenital heart disease in the children. CONCLUSIONS: In this relatively small series the completion of pregnancy in women with TGA who had undergone atrial repair and who had normal functional cardiac status was uncomplicated  (+info)

A new lethal syndrome of exomphalos, short limbs, and macrogonadism. (5/1455)

We report a new lethal multiple congenital abnormality (MCA) syndrome of exomphalos, short limbs, nuchal web, macrogonadism, and facial dysmorphism in seven fetuses (six males and one female) belonging to three unrelated families. X rays showed enlarged and irregular metaphyses with a heterogeneous pattern of mineralisation of the long bones. Pathological examination showed adrenal cytomegaly, hyperplasia of Leydig cells, ovarian stroma cells, and Langherans cells, and renal microcysts. We suggest that this condition is a new autosomal recessive MCA syndrome different from Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, especially as no infracytogenetic deletion or uniparental disomy of chromosome 11 was found.  (+info)

Preimplantation diagnosis by fluorescence in situ hybridization using 13-, 16-, 18-, 21-, 22-, X-, and Y-chromosome probes. (6/1455)

PURPOSE: Our purpose was to select the proper chromosomes for preimplantation diagnosis based on aneuploidy distribution in abortuses and to carry out a feasibility study of preimplantation diagnosis for embryos using multiple-probe fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) on the selected chromosomes of biopsied blastomeres. METHODS: After determining the frequency distribution of aneuploidy found in abortuses, seven chromosomes were selected for FISH probes. Blastomeres were obtained from 33 abnormal or excess embryos. The chromosome complements of both the biopsied blastomeres and the remaining sibling blastomeres in each embryo were determined by FISH and compared to evaluate their preimplantation diagnostic potential. RESULTS: Chromosomes (16, 22, X, Y) and (13, 18, 21) were selected on the basis of the high aneuploid prevalence in abortuses for the former group and the presence of trisomy in the newborn for the latter. Thirty-six (72%) of 50 blastomeres gave signals to permit a diagnosis. Diagnoses made from biopsied blastomeres were consistent with the diagnoses made from the remaining sibling blastomeres in 18 embryos. In only 2 of 20 cases did the biopsied blastomere diagnosis and the embryo diagnosis not match. CONCLUSIONS: If FISH of biopsied blastomere was successful, a preimplantation diagnosis could be made with 10% error. When a combination of chromosome-13, -16, -18, -21, -22, -X, and -Y probes was used, up to 65% of the embryos destined to be aborted could be detected.  (+info)

Effect of pelvic endometrial implants on overall reproductive functions of female rats. (7/1455)

The effects of pelvic endometrial implants on the overall reproductive potential of female rats were investigated. After homologous transplantation in the peritoneum, the ectopic endometrium developed into highly vascularized nodes that gradually increased in mass until the 9th week postsurgery and then plateaued. In the presence of these implants, overall reproductive function was adversely affected. The effect was of greatest magnitude during 50-70 days posttransplantation. As compared with values in corresponding controls, ovulation was reduced by 43% (6 of 14) (p < 0.05), mating rate was reduced by 44% (12 of 27) (p < 0.025), and premature termination of pregnancy occurred in 34% (5 of 15) of rats. Wastage of pregnancy, which included complete termination or reduction of fetal number, occurred during the postimplantation course of gestation. Furthermore, 100% of the rats with transplants failed to respond to the copulomimetic stimulation for the induction of pseudopregnancy (p < 0.01, compared with corresponding controls). However, on exposure to vasectomized males, 46% (6 of 13) of these rats exhibited development of pseudopregnancy (p < 0.05, compared with corresponding group receiving copulomimetic stimulation). Increased rate of mating failure and differential pseudopregnancy rates after copulomimetic and natural cervical stimulation suggest that the rats with endometrial explants possibly had an absence or a short appearance of behavioral estrus. Hormonal assessment during the preovulatory phase showed a tendency toward lower mean levels of preovulatory estradiol and significantly lower LH (p < 0.01) and progesterone (p < 0.01) concentrations. The adversely affected reproductive functions may be a secondary consequence of these altered endocrine milieus.  (+info)

Pregnancy in patients after valve replacement. (8/1455)

This report is based on information obtained from a questionnaire sent to major cardiac centres in the United Kingdom. This produced details of 39 pregnancies in 34 patients after valve replacement. The 39 pregnancies gave rise to 30 healthy babies. The small size of the series probably reflects both the increasing rarity of young women with rheumatic heart disease in this country and the cautious attitude of their cardiologists. This makes it likely that these women represented the best end of the spectrum of cardiac function after valve replacement. Twenty-four pregnancies in 20 women who were not given anticoagulants producted 23 healthy babies and 1 spontaneous abortion. This group comprised 6 patients with free aortic homografts, 1 patient with a fascia lata mitral valve, 1 with a Beall tricuspid prosthesis, 1 with a combined mitral homograft and Starr Edwards aortic prosthesis, and 1 with mitral and aortic frame-mounted fascia lata valves. There were no maternal deaths or thromboembolic complications in this group which included 5 patients who were in atrial fibrillation. Fifteen pregnancies in 14 women who received anticoagulants gave rise to 7 healthy babies. The fetal losses were one stillbirth, one intrauterine death at 34 weeks, and 3 spontaneous abortions; one surviving child has hydrocephalus as a result of blood clot and there were 2 maternal deaths. This group included 13 patients with Starr Edwards valves, 11 mitral and 2 aortic. A patient with a Hammersmith mitral valve was the only one to have been treated with heparin and her valve thrombosed. One patient with a mounted mitral homograft had a cerebral embolus. Nine of these patients were in atrial fibrillation. In 3 additional patients the valve replacement was carried out during pregnancy. Two of the patients survived operation. In one of these who was treated with warfarin the pregnancy well, but there is an increased fetal wastage in patients pregnancy gave rise to a congenitally malformed baby who died in the neonatal period. The baby born to the mother who did not receive anticoagulants has a hare-lip and talipes. Women with artificial valves can tolerate the haemodynamic load of pregnancy well, but there is an increased fetal wastage in patients taking oral anticoagulants. This is probably largely attributable to fetal haemorrhage but there is also a risk of malformation caused by a teratogenic effect of warfarin. Experience gained in non-pregnant patients suggests that withholding anticoagulatns in pregnant patients with prosthetic valves would usually be undersirable but warfarin should be avoided. The advantages of biological valves were apparent in this series.  (+info)

This study, based on data from all 89 829 women in the DNBC, displayed a social pattern in the risk of spontaneous abortion. Educational level and income were inversely associated with the risk of spontaneous abortion.. Apart from maternal age, no lifestyle risk factors for spontaneous abortion are well established and few studies have examined the association between socioeconomic position and risk of spontaneous abortion. A few previous studies have reported an association between socioeconomic position and spontaneous abortion7-10 when socioeconomic position was measured by educational level and labour market attachment, and others found no such association.11-14 There are several possible explanations for this. Some studies are small with a diminished possibility of detecting a smaller association. Furthermore, two of these studies adjust for earlier spontaneous abortion in their analyses.11 ,12 Previous spontaneous abortion is associated with a 60% higher risk of spontaneous abortion,22 ...
Decidual macrophages (DM) are the second most abundant population in the fetal-maternal interface. Their role has been so far identified as being local immuno-modulators favoring the maternal tolerance to the fetus. Herein we investigated tissue samples from 11 cases of spontaneous miscarriages and from 9 cases of elective terminations of pregnancy. Using immunohistochemistry and dual immunofluorescence we have demonstrated that in spontaneous miscarriages the DM are significantly increased. Additionally, we noted a significant up-regulation of macrophage FasL expression. Our results further support a dual role for DM during pregnancy and miscarriages. We hypothesize that the baseline DM population in normal pregnancy is in line with an M2 phenotype supporting the ongoing gestation. In contrast, during spontaneous miscarriages, the increased FasL-expressing population could be a part of an M1 phenotype participating in Fas/FasL-related apoptosis. Our results highlight a new aspect of macrophage biology
We found no important associations between exposure to NSAIDs, either by group or for most specific NSAID drugs, and risk of spontaneous abortion. However, we found an increased risk of spontaneous abortion following exposure to indomethacin. We believe that this result is possibly due to reverse causation bias. Indomethacin is a well-known tocolytic drug indicated to treat preterm labour.29 Half of the exposures to indomethacin occurred after the median day of pregnancies that ended in spontaneous abortion. Moreover, the median exposure day for indomethacin was significantly higher than the median exposure day for other NSAIDs. Therefore, we assume that indomethacin was dispensed toward the end of pregnancy for an indication - likely preterm labour - different than for other NSAIDs. We found no association after omitting exposures that occurred during the 4 days before spontaneous abortion.. We found an unadjusted increased risk of spontaneous abortion following exposure to COX-2 selective ...
Early miscarriage reasons - How to diagnose reason for early miscarriage? How can we prevent early miscarriage? Not always possible. Most early miscarriages are due to pregnancies that are chromosomal abnormal and miscarry for a reason. If you have 2 or more miscarriages your fertility specialist or obgyn can do a work up to look for preventable causes.
Spontaneous abortion in the first trimester occurs in up to 20 percent of recognized pregnancies. However, the actual prevalence may be even higher, as many women are treated outside of a hospital setting or are unaware of the pregnancy. For the past 50 years, surgical evacuation by dilatation and curettage (D&C) has been the primary treatment of spontaneous abortion. This procedure is generally considered safe, but complications such as infection, bleeding, uterine perforation and decreased fertility occur in up to 10 percent of women. Recent studies have questioned the need for routine D&C, suggesting that expectant or medical management might be more appropriate. Geyman and colleagues performed a pooled quantitative literature evaluation to compare the outcomes of medical, surgical and expectant management of first trimester spontaneous abortions.. The literature search included MEDLINE citations on spontaneous abortion from 1966 to 1998, along with additional studies listed in the Cochrane ...
Some common antibiotics used during early pregnancy could double the risk of miscarriage, according to a new study by the University of Montreal in Canada, published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.. The researchers found a link between the use of macrolides, quinolones, tetracyclines, and some other common antibiotics in early pregnancy and an increased risk of miscarriage.. Miscarriage is defined as the spontaneous loss of a fetus before 20 weeks of pregnancy.. Over half of all miscarriages are caused by abnormalities in the chromosomes of the fetus. Other important factors that may raise the risk of miscarriage include diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome, obesity and infection.. Antibiotics are widely used during pregnancy to help treat infection, but studies assessing their safety have produced conflicting results, the researchers stressed. "We aimed to quantify the association between exposure to antibiotics during pregnancy and the risk of spontaneous abortion, taking into ...
We examined whether exercise during pregnancy is associated with chromosomally normal spontaneous abortion. We hypothesized that associations would be confined to chromosomally normal losses since only these can be influenced appreciably by experiences during pregnancy. The study population comprises women with chromosomally normal (N = 173) and aberrant (N = 173) losses. Women who exercised during pregnancy had a lower risk of a chromosomally normal spontaneous abortion (OR 0.6; 95% CI 0.3-0.9). Other types of physical activity had little effect.
Question - Have whitish mucus discharge from vagina. Period came late. Early miscarriage chances?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Early miscarriage, Ask an OBGYN, Gynecologic Oncology
Babymed.com articles & information about miscarriage for mothers, expecting mothers, and soon to be expecting mothers. A miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a pregnancy also known as a spontaneous abortion. A miscarriage is a pregnancy that ends on its own, usually during the first 10-12 weeks of the pregnancy, and up to the 20th pregnancy week. Up to 50% of all pregnancies and 20-30% of diagnosed pregnancies will end in miscarriage.The majority of miscarriages occur so early in pregnancy, shortly after implantation, that many women did not realize that they were pregnant. . Many of these women didnt even know that they were pregnant. Most miscarriages are due to a chromosomal abnormality (a damaged egg or sperm), and the older a woman is the more likely a miscarriage will happen. Only few miscarriages happen because of hormonal problems, trauma, improper implantation, exposure to toxic substances, radiation, substance abuse, or severe malnourishment.
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A study in the August 25 New England Journal of Medicine examined the use of the drug Misoprostol (normally used for stomach conditions) compared to vacuum aspiration for early miscarriage. 652 women with 1st trimester miscarriage were assigned to either the drug (491 women) or the surgical procedure (161 women), and followed for whether expulsion was complete at a certain number of days after treatment. 84% of women were sucessfully treated with the drug, and 97% were successfully treated with aspiration. Women receiving the drug were more likely to experience reduced hemoglobin, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. However, 83% of women receiving Misoprostol would recommend the drug (compared to 83% for aspiration) and 78% would use the treatment again (compared to 75% for aspiration ...
The most common risk factors: The number of times youve been pregnant also affects your risk of miscarriage. Women who have had two or more pregnancies are at greater risk. Your risk of miscarriage increases if youve had three or more miscarriages in the past. Caffeine. Daily consumption of caffeine may also cause miscarriage. Some prenatal genetic tests, such as chronic villas sampling and amniocentesis, carry with them an increased risk of miscarriage. Older women are more likely to conceive babies with chromosomal abnormalities, and to miscarry them as a result. In fact, 40-year-olds are about twice as likely to miscarry as 20-year-olds. Women who have had two or more miscarriages in a row are more likely than other women to miscarry again. Certain chronic diseases or disorders like diabetes, certain inherited blood clotting disorders, certain autoimmune disorders and certain hormonal disorders may also lead to miscarriage. Uterine or cervical problems: Having certain uterine abnormalities ...
Miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion and pregnancy loss, is the natural death of an embryo or fetus before it is able to survive independently. Some use the cutoff of 20 weeks of gestation after which fetal death is known as a stillbirth. The most common symptoms of a miscarriage is vaginal bleeding. This may occur with or without pain. Tissue or clot like material may also come out the vagina. Sadness, anxiety, and guilt may also occur. ...
Pregnancy-associated mortality after birth, spontaneous abortion, or induced abortion in Finland, 1987-2000. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2004;190(2):422-427.
Study of most early spontaneous abortions resulting from medical problems reveals abnormal conceptuses. More than 50% of all known spontaneous abortions result from chromosomal abnormalities. The higher incidence of early abortions in older women probably results from the increasing frequency of nondisjunction during oogenesis (see Chapter 2). It has been estimated that from 30% to 50% of all zygotes never develop into blastocysts and implant. Failure of blastocysts to implant may result from a poorly developed endometrium; however, in many cases, there are probably lethal chromosomal abnormalities in the embryo. There is a higher incidence of spontaneous abortion of fetuses with neural tube defects, cleft lip, and cleft palate ...
Thinking about pregnancy after miscarriage? You might be feeling anxious or confused about what caused your miscarriage and when to conceive again. Heres help understanding pregnancy after miscarriage, and the steps you can take to promote a healthy pregnancy.. Miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a pregnancy before the 20th week. Many miscarriages occur because the fetus isnt developing normally. Problems with the babys chromosomes are responsible for about 50 percent of early pregnancy loss. Most of these chromosome problems occur by chance as the embryo divides and grows - not because of problems inherited from the parents. Sometimes a health condition, such as poorly controlled diabetes or a uterine problem, might lead to miscarriage. Often, however, the cause of miscarriage isnt known.. About 10 to 20 percent of known pregnancies end in miscarriage. The total number of actual miscarriages is probably higher because many women miscarry before they even know that theyre ...
Loss And Longing - A Health Feature On Miscarriages | Health | Life Forums | November 2010 | emel - the muslim lifestyle magazine - is a vibrant and dynamic lifestyle magazine with an ethical and progressive outlook that has a Muslim focus; there is no other magazine like it.
Many women experience miscarriage every year. Every fourth woman who has given birth reports that she has previous experience of miscarriage. In a study of all women in the Swedish Medical Birth Register 1983-2003, we found that the number of cases of self reported miscarriage had increased in Sweden during this 21 year period. This increase can be explained by the introduction of sensitive pregnancy tests around 1990, as well as an increase in the mean age of the mothers, by approximately 3 years, during the observation period. The risk of miscarriage is 13% with the first child. With subsequent pregnancies, the risk of miscarriage is 8%, 6% and 4% with the second, third and fourth child, respectively.. Thirteen of these women who had suffered a recent miscarriage were interviewed four months later, and their feelings of guilt and emptiness were explored. Their experience was that they wanted their questions to be answered, and that they wanted others to treat them as the mothers to be that ...
The objective of this study was to examine the possible relationships between spontaneous abortion and caffeine, tobacco and alcohol intake in a well-controlled group of hospital workers. A retrospective cohort study design including 711 women, 20 to 41 years old, was used. All data regarding the purpose of this study were extracted from...
Pregnant women who received certain vaccines for 2 consecutive influenza seasons may have increased risk for spontaneous abortion.
A CDC-funded medical study being published by the medical journal Vaccine has confirmed a shocking link between flu shots and spontaneous abortions in pregnant women. The study was rejected by two previous medical journals before Vaccine agreed to publish it, further underscoring the tendency for medical journals to censor any science that doesnt agree with their pro-vaccine narratives ...
ICD-10 CM Code O03.1 Delayed or excessive hemorrhage following incomplete spontaneous abortion. Search for ICD-10 CM codes using natural diagnosis language now!
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(Reuters Health) - A new study may offer women one more reason to kick the smoking habit before becoming pregnant: a potentially reduced risk of early miscarriage.
Scientists report that a common gene variant may be linked to both early pregnancy loss and failed in-vitro fertilization (IVF) treatments
Studies have shown that a majority of pregnancies that end in miscarriage are due to a chromosome abnormality usually involving a duplicated or missing chromosome. Often this happens by chance and is not likely to occur in future pregnancies. For many women, a miscarriage can be a traumatic experience and can cause feelings of loss and grief. The option of genetic testing, such as karyotyping, may offer an explanation for the miscarriage and may help some women find closure in their loss. However, no literature exists on a womens experience with genetic testing following a miscarriage. This assumption that the knowledge that can be gained from karyotyping may be a positive experience for a woman following a miscarriage should be studied and the results published. This study will address whether routine karyotyping should be offered following a miscarriage for the purpose of benefiting the patients experience ...
Mifepristone is a tablet which is used for aborting a child. There are women who chose to go for a medical procedure rather than opting for some surgery. Termination of child means abortion where the child is been aborted with the will of the lady. Abortion where the lady is unaware about it and does not occur out of the will of the lady is said to be a spontaneous abortion or as very famously known by people by Miscarriage. Miscarriages occur on their own that is because of some issues with the pregnancy of the lady she faces a miscarriage in her life. Miscarriages are also termed as unwanted abortions. They sometimes puts the lady into stress or depression as people generally have a lot of dreams and hopes attached to the pregnancy of the lady which seems to be heartbreaking once the child is aborted. People should take a good care of themselves while facing a pregnancy period in their life as anything wrong done to health can cause the negative effect to the child who in turn leads to either ...
Yeast Infection Drug May Raise Miscarriage Threat Get information and evaluates on prescription drugs, over the counter medications, v
The M.A. was involved in a partnership to decide which areas were the highest priority for miscarriage research. Read a summary of results.
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When youre undergoing treatment for infertility it can be difficult to put your fears to rest. After all, youve already experienced the frustration and heartache caused by roadblocks youve encountered along your journey to having a baby. You surely dont want to come so far, only to find out theres a serious threat to your future baby.. If your personal experience includes difficulties and doubt due to genetic or chromosomal conditions, you may be hesitant to pursue pregnancy because of the risks. Especially when more than 80% of all first trimester miscarriages are caused by genetic/chromosomal abnormalities. The potential loss can be too much for some individuals, or couples, to bear.. With the advances being made in reproductive health and solutions to aid in your fertility, there are ways to help ensure the health of your future baby through embryo testing. For those undergoing IVF, who have reason to be concerned about the viability of their embryos, embryo testing is a sure way to put ...
Most miscarriages are random events caused by chromosomal abnormalities in the fertilized egg - usually because the egg or sperm had the wrong number of chromosomes, preventing normal development. Other causes of miscarriage include an egg that does not implant properly or an embryo with structural defects. In some cases, chromosomal problems in the fertilized egg can lead to a blighted ovum - a situation where the placenta and gestational sac begin to develop, but the embryo either fails to develop or stops before there is a heartbeat. Once the heart has started beating, the chances of miscarrying drop dramatically. A miscarriage can happen to any woman, but there are some factors known to increase the chances. Increasing age (in both the mother and the father) increases the odds of miscarriage. Certain diseases such as lupus, poorly controlled diabetes, and some hormonal disorders can increase the risk. Problems with the uterus or cervix and a family history of certain genetic problems can ...
Of popular adult ``vices``-alcohol, coffee and cigarettes-the most dangerous for pregnant women is cigarettes, according to a recent Canadian study.Dr. Alison McDonald, professor of medicine and
Health,Women under stress are thrice as likely to miscarry during the first t...Cortisol is a hormone that is released in response to stress. Ur...It has been established from previous studies that 31 to 89% of ...Among the study participants aged between 18 and 34 years the i...Maybe increased cortisol is understood by the body as a cue tha...,Early,Miscarriage,Common,In,Women,Under,Stress,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
in reply: We appreciate Dr. Kaufmans concerns regarding the anticipatory guidance that women receive about the treatment for a miscarriage. Extensive literature exists on the pain associated with the first-trimester aspiration procedure.1,2 Many authors conclude that the psychological state of the woman has the greatest influence on her perception of pain. As we point out in our article, patient preference about treatment choice is paramount. The article focuses on strategies that an office-based family physician can offer for management of miscarriage. However, after receiving accurate counseling regarding all aspects of the procedure (including logistics, timing, pain control, and cost), if the patient prefers a hospital-based procedure to expectant or medical management, or an office-based procedure, her preference should be honored.. We find that with this counseling nearly all women elect to stay within the family medicine office because this allows them to have a support person of their ...
The annual flu vaccine is the most dangerous vaccine in the market today, a fact that is not in dispute. The most recent report from the Department of Justice
A positive spin on Miscarriage. The Reassurer shows you the odds of miscarriage and birth based on pregnancy length and maternal history.
A positive spin on Miscarriage. The Reassurer shows you the odds of miscarriage and birth based on pregnancy length and maternal history.
If you think you might have a complication you should go to a doctor immediately. If you live in a place where abortion is a crime and you dont have doctor you trust, you can still access medical care. You do not have to tell the medical staff that you tried to induce an abortion; you can tell them that you had a spontaneous miscarriage. Doctors have the obligation to help in all cases.. The symptoms are exactly the same and the doctor will not be able to see or test for any evidence of an abortion, as long as the pills have completely dissolved. If you took the pills vaginally, you must check with your finger to make sure that they are dissolved. Traces of the pills may be found in the vagina up to four days after inserting them.. ...
When The Daily Dish spoke to Jenni in early August, she said she was just about to embark on her second round of IVF. "I think I will have another baby, I hope. And whatever way that comes. Im optimistic for the chance," Jenni said. "I appreciate everybodys support. Ive had so much of it from the Bravo audience and obviously people I dont know, and I am so grateful for that." However, Jenni said that there is a part of her that is prepared for the worst-case scenario. "I am so positive, and Im also at a point where I wasnt even about that six months ago, maybe, where Ive surrendered a little bit, too," she explained. "And I think if we can all get to that place in our life with certain things, it will free us. It will set us free. So yes, Im optimistic, absolutely, but I also have surrendered to what a beautiful life I have and how lucky I am and if this isnt Gods plan for me, if this isnt what should be, then it wont be, and thats OK, too. But Im a fighter. Im not gonna give up ...
Exogenous agents. Numerous exogenous agents have been implicated in fetal losses but few if any studies have stratified by sporadic and recurrent losses. None have taken into account the obvious confounding variable that the loss could have involved an aneuploid embryo or fetus. Of course, every pregnant woman is exposed to low doses of ubiquitous agents. Rarely are data adequate to determine with confidence the role these exogenous factors play in early pregnancy losses.. Outcomes following exposures to exogenous agents can usually be derived only on the basis of case-control studies. In such studies, women experiencing an adverse event (e.g., abortion) recalled exposure to the agent in question more often than controls. However, case-control studies have inherent biases. The primary bias is accuracy of recall, control women having less incentive to recall antecedent events than subjects experiencing an abnormal outcome. Employers also naturally attempt to limit exposure to women of ...
A young patient married for last 7 years, was looking forward to having a baby. Her first pregnancy in 2011 ended in a spontaneous miscarriage. She conceived again in 2012 and unfortunately miscarried at 7 weeks. She was advised certain tests and it came to light that the patient was infected with HIV.. The couple came to Fortis Hospital (Gurgaon) to meet Dr. (Prof.) Suneeta Mittal and was evaluated completely and offered assisted conception. Couples who are discordant for some transmissible infection can still have a baby with this technique. Having a child through natural conception was not an option as this would risk the husband of acquiring the same infection. So an intrauterine Insemination was planned. The husbands semen was collected, processed and washed and injected directly into Mrs. As uterine cavity at the right time of cycle, synchronising the process with egg rupture. The destiny favoured this time and she got pregnant in very first cycle. The pregnancy was followed up for 9 ...
Using a newly developed technique to culture mouse and human embryos in vitro beyond implantation, PDN researchers led by Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz show how alteration of the first morphological transformation can lead to pregnancy termination
I was keeping a wonderful secret from you for a while. I was pregnant again, and in a few more days there would have been a sonogram at 8.5 weeks, and we would have found a lovely, healthy fetus with a strong heartbeat and thats when I was going to tell you. Except it didnt go that way, again.. I had another miscarriage on Thursday, at 7.5 weeks pregnant. That makes three miscarriages in ten months, for those of you playing along at home. (Two spontaneous abortions and one chemical pregnancy, for those of you playing with the Advanced Medical Lingo board.) Spotting started Wednesday afternoon, got a bit heavier on Thursday morning, and Thursday afternoon found Billy and me at the doctors office, getting that much-anticipated sonogram a week early and finding no heartbeat.. My baby died. Another baby dead.. Since Thursday, the bleeding has picked up pace. No great, crushing contraction followed by an expulsion like the first miscarriage. No sad, pedestrian period like the second one, at just ...
Hi All, I had two early miscarriages (4w and 5w). In both pregnancies, the Progesterone levels were decreasing. But my GP refused to give any supplements stating that it is not common to give them in Australia. Then HCG stopped increasing - page 2
You may have heard that women are more fertile after an early miscarriage, but are told to wait before trying again. Learn what the research says.
I had a previous miscarriage at 6 weeks and I barely had symptoms of pregnancy. This pregnancy feels like a pregnancy. Strong symptoms and I saw the heartbeat at 7 weeks and measuring fine. With that I was told the chances have dropped to 5%. once I get to 12 weeks it will drop to 3%. with that said...
It is very difficult to differentiate between an early miscarriage and a period that has come later than usual. Every woman has her monthly cycle at an interval
... is a pregnancy loss in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy. About 1 in 10 women will miscarry in the first trimester (first 13 weeks of pregnancy). There are different types of miscarriage.
A miscarriage is a failed intrauterine pregnancy that ends before 20 weeks from the last menstrual period. A brief review of the events of early pregnancy will help in the understanding of miscarriage.A womans reproductive system includes the uterus
From disability and miscarriage risk to diets during pregnancy, these are Contemporary OB/GYNs selections for five of the most noteworthy obstetric studies that were published in December 2019.. ...
Miscarriage is a spontaneous abortion of the fetus in a pregnancy. Vaginal bleeding or spotting may be common in the initial pregnancy, but other than that it
Miscarriage is a spontaneous abortion of the fetus in a pregnancy. Vaginal bleeding or spotting may be common in the initial pregnancy, but other than that it
I went to the doctor yesterday for my first sonogram. We thought I was about 10 weeks along but I only measured about 6 weeks and 3 days. After reviewing the sonogram, the doctor informed me that the yolk sac seemed to be collapsing. After she told me this, I just sat there. I didnt ask any questions. Now that I have digested this information, I realize that I am very confused. Am I losing my baby? Or is the baby already gone? I just feel very in the dark about this. My husband is very supportive but I can see it is having a major strain on him as well. The doctor should be calling me in a few hours. I have had no signs of miscarriage, other than this empty feeling in my heart from not knowing what is going on. Prayers would be greatly appreciated ...
Question - 5 weeks pregnant, suspected to have miscarriage, tests show high HcG levels, advised ultrasound in a couple of days. Cause?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Miscarriage, Ask an OBGYN, Gynecologic Oncology
Little is known about the costs and consequences of abortions to women and their households. Our aim was to study both costs and consequences of induced and spontaneous abortions and complications. We carried out a ...
Little is known about the costs and consequences of abortions to women and their households. Our aim was to study both costs and consequences of induced and spontaneous abortions and complications. We carried out a ...
A miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a pregnancy, typically in the first trimester. Around 10 to 20% of known pregnancies end in miscarriage.
So I went back to my RE who mentioned Loven.ox when he did my septum removal. He now is really reluctant to give it to me because of the risk of stroke and I have nothing on paper to say I absolutely need it. The risk is very low, but then again so is my situation Im in now...and he says if he keeps dishing it out someone is going to be the one with that happening. I understand his point. My OB thinks I need it and I have yet to meet the MFM I will have when pregnant for their opinion. I lose sleep over it. I feel like I really need to be on it because I dont want to look back if it happens again and think "what if I took it?" I cant help but keep thinking these miscarriages are not happening early. We always see strong heartbeats. I have to do something....but there is the other part of me that is scared. I am a Mom first, and I need to stay healthy for my daughter. I am constantly thinking about it. I know its not an easy drug to take. Injecting my stomach everyday, bruising, etc...but I ...
Conceiving after miscarriage is possible as soon as the female sex hormones turn back to normal. The most secure sign for this is the menstrual period. Once it appears, the chances for conceiving significantly rise. How long will it take for the regular menstrual period to appear after miscarriage is different in e
Lead poisoning remains the most common environmental hazard for children throughout the United States, affecting approximately 240,000 children ages six years and younger.. Lead is a metal found in the environment that can be neurotoxic and carcinogenic to humans. It is inhaled or ingested and carried throughout the body in the bloodstream. All organ systems are susceptible to damage. Pregnant women, babies, and children under six years of age are especially vulnerable.. During pregnancy, lead poisoning can result in spontaneous abortions, stillbirth, and low birth weight. Lead stored long-term in bones and teeth can also get released back into the bloodstream and compromise fetal brain development. Lead poisoning disrupts normal brain development in infancy and early childhood when major bodily systems are newly forming and developing. Even low levels of lead poisoning can lead to lower IQ, learning disabilities, behavioral problems (e.g., hyperactivity, aggressive behavior), speech delay, and ...
Hi, the short story is in my siggie. The long story is REALLY long. I have conceived naturally 6 times. Two ended in ectopic, the other four in early miscarriages. I have done IVF with PGD twice, and had only two normal embryos to - page 3
Im 37 and been ttc for 3 months. I had an early miscarriage a few weeks ago... but trying again! I cam across this article: Aspirin-a-day could b
Do you know about Miscarriage Causing Foods and Drinks that you should Avoid in Early Pregnancy. Here is the list of Top 10 abortion inducing fruits and vegetables for a pregannct women. Raw or cooked consumption of this items in any form may cause threat to your baby. There are also other food items which is beleived to…
If the pregnancy is terminated spontaneously without any effort before the 20th week it is called as miscarriage or abortion. It is believed that 10-20% of
My first pregnancy ended in a missed miscarriage. After waiting for over a month for my body to miscarry naturally, I resorted to medical management with
I hope everyone is doing well. I had my 1st OB appt this past Tuesday. U/S went great. I took my 4 yr daughter too. She loved seeing the babies on TV. Everything looks great. Heart rates were 171 and 167. The OB already told me that he recommended a C section because I had one with my daughter. He also wanted me to think about a amio ( totally do not know how to spell that). He wanted it because my daughter was born small and amio would give us genetic information if these babies were to be born small. The results would not change my plan of care @ all and since he gave me the miscarriage rates (1/200 with twins) I do not think I am going to do it. Does anyone have any thoughts? My next u/s and appt is July 6th for lab testing and measurements ...
Lou - I understand your fears but I would not do either. TO risk a 1 in 100 miscarriage rate for CVS or 1 in 200/300 for amnio did not sound acceptable to me. You can go through the nuchal test with AFP test, then the level II US and quad blood test, if you are concerned by then, I would recommend an amnio not CVS. You went trough so much it is not worth the risk. I almost did an amnio with our son cause some results came out high but by the level II it was fine and my odds were so low I chose not to do anything. I will do the same now. But this is a very personal decision, my two cousins did CVS and were fine but they get pregnant at the drop of a hat ...
This study investigated the association between the risk for spontaneous abortions and the job type of female semiconductor workers to assess their reproductive health. The risk for spontaneous abortion for female semiconductor workers was not significantly higher for FAB and PKG workers than for clerical workers according to their job held longest. However, when the analysis was stratified for the year of conception, we found significantly higher odds for spontaneous abortions (OR 2.21, 95% CI: 1.01-4.81) in PKG workers than clerical workers when the pregnancy occurred prior to 2008.. In this study, the spontaneous abortion rates for FAB and PKG workers were 12.6% and 14.5%, respectively; these were higher than the rate of 11.1% found in clerical workers. These spontaneous abortion rates for female workers involved in semiconductor production were higher than the spontaneous abortion rate of 11.1% reported for Korean domestic 15- to 44-year-old married women [18]. In 1988, Pastides et al. first ...
Objectives The objective of the study was to determine whether female veterinarians have an increased risk of spontaneous abortion and whether the potential risk is related to the type of work veterinarians do.. Methods The investigation was a retrospective cohort study among all the female members of the Finnish Veterinary Association (N=549). Information on pregnancies was obtained from hospital records from 1973-1990. The risk of spontaneous abortion among the veterinarians was compared with that of all other Finnish women and other upper-level employees. Odds ratios from logistic regression analyses were used as the estimates of the risk ratios.. Results The risk of spontaneous abortion was 10.5% for the veterinarians. In the 1970s, practicing veterinarians had an increased risk of spontaneous abortion as compared with other Finnish women (adjusted odds ratio 1.8, 95% confidence interval 1.0-3.1) or other upper-level employees (adjusted odds ratio 2.0, 95% confidence interval 1.1-3.4). In ...
Background: Many factors have been implicated in the pathogenesis of unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA). The current study was conducted to determine the possible role of antioxidant status and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in URSA.. Methods: Reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione reductase (GSH-R), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), nitric oxide (NO), malondialdehyde (MDA) and TNF-α were assayed in women suffering unexplained first-trimester abortions. Two groups were included, the first represented by 24 women with URSA (number of abortions 3-5) and the second included 16 women with URSA (number of abortions ,5). The control group included 20 women within their first trimester of pregnancy and 20 non-pregnant healthy females within their follicular phase.. Results: We observed that the antioxidant levels measured were significantly lower in URSA groups than in the control group (p,0.05 for each comparison). Higher TNF-α, MDA and NO ...
Read "HLA‐G polymorphisms in couples with recurrent spontaneous abortions, Tissue Antigens" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Flow cytometric and cytogenetic analyses in human spontaneous abortions. AU - De Vita, Raffaele. AU - Calugi, Alberto. AU - Cavallo, Delia. AU - Eleuteri, Patrizia. AU - Vizzone, Antonio. PY - 1993/6. Y1 - 1993/6. N2 - Cytogenetic and flow cytometric analyses were performed on 38 human spontaneous abortions in an attempt to obtain information on karyotype abnormalities and to compare the two approaches of analysis. In 19 cases, it was not possible to perform cytogenetic analysis because too long a time had passed between surgical sampling and cell culture, and in vitro culture failed. Of the 19 cases analyzed, 10/19 showed a normal karyotype and 5/19 showed a single trisomy (2/5 trisomies involved chromosome 16, 1/5 trisomy involved chromosome 18, 1/5 trisomy involved chromosome 20, and 1/5 was Klinefelter syndrome). Of the remaining 4/19 cases, 2/19 showed a polyploid condition (1 tetraploidy and 1 triploidy), 1/19 a double trisomy (chromosomes 13 and 21), and 1/19 a pentasomy ...
Abstract: Pregnancy outcome was studied in a county in Norway 3 years prior to and 3 years subsequent to the Chernobyl nuclear plant accident on 26th April 1986. More detailed analyses have been performed for the 12 months prior to and subsequent to the accident. A significant increase in the spontaneous abortion rate the first year after the accident was followed by a slight decrease during the second and third years, but figures were still higher than the period prior to the accident. the rate of legal abortions was unchanged. During the entire observation period the number of births increased continuously, with the exception of a decrease in the last 2 months of 1986 and the first month of 1987. A higher incidence of spontaneous abortions was found for pregnancies conceived during the first 3 months after the accident. This increase in the spontaneous abortion rate is noteworthy, and more especially its long-term persistence, which cannot be the result of external radiation. the internal ...
Group B streptococcus (GBS) infection of the hip in otherwise healthy adults is a rare entity that is previously only reported following peripartum gynaecological procedure and instrumentation. We report a case of infection of the hip with GBS following spontaneous abortion. Delay in identification of infection as the cause of pain ultimately leads to irreversible joint destruction. This case report will heighten the awareness of the first contact providers as well as orthopaedic surgeons to be more vigilant for possible septic complications associated with gynaecological procedures/complications and subsequent painful joints. To our knowledge, this is the only case report showing association of GBS infection in hip associated with spontaneous abortion. ...
Miscarriage is the most common complication of pregnancy. The reported rate of pregnancy loss in women with a missed menstrual period and positive urine pregnancy test is 12-24%.1 The true rate of miscarriage is probably higher because many losses occur preclinically, before a menstrual period is missed.2. About 125 000 miscarriages occur annually in the United Kingdom, resulting in 42 000 hospital admissions.3 Although miscarriages mostly resolve spontaneously without treatment and rarely cause severe maternal morbidity, the burden of disease is considerable, owing to the high incidence and associated costs of diagnostic investigations, hospital admission, surgical treatment, and follow-up. The loss of a pregnancy is often distressing for women and their partners, with adverse effects on their social and psychological wellbeing.. Reported UK maternal mortality rates after miscarriage in the period 1985 to 2008 range from 0.05 to 0.22 per 100 000 maternities.4 The most common causes of death ...
Repeated two to three spontaneous pregnancy loss is termed as recurrent miscarriage. Although the causes of recurrent miscarriage differ from the causes of spontaneous miscarriage, the symptoms remain the same like in most miscarriages.
Abortion is a termination of pregnancy that can be either spontaneous or induced. Spontaneous abortions are often called miscarriages. Induced abortion artificially ends the pregnant and, depending on how far the pregnancy has advanced, determines the method used.. The most commonly performed induced abortion procedure is the suction D and C (dilation and curettage) method. It is performed up to 12 weeks of pregnancy and sometimes up to 14 weeks. After that, a D and E (dilation and evacuation) abortion is usually performed. Abortions done after 20 weeks are usually done by some type of chemical to induce labor early, either with prostaglandin or a poisonous salt solution.". Does an abortion Hurt?. "Yes it hurts because dilating the cervix or the neck of the womb, has to be done causing cramping pain. Usually medication is given to help relieve this but the patient is usually awake. A local anesthetic is injected into the cervix to numb it up. This helps some.". Is there much bleeding?. "Bleeding ...
Recurrent miscarriage, habitual abortion, or recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is three or more consecutive pregnancy losses. Infertility differs because it is the inability to conceive. In many cases the cause of RPL is unknown. After three or more losses, a thorough evaluation is recommended by American Society of Reproductive Medicine. About 1% of couples trying to have children are affected by recurrent miscarriage. There are various causes for recurrent miscarriage, and some can be treated. Some couples never have a cause identified, often after extensive investigations. About 50-75% of cases of Recurrent Miscarriage are unexplained. Fifteen percent of women who have experienced three or more recurring miscarriages have some anatomical reason for the inability to complete the pregnancy. The structure of the uterus has an effect on the ability to carry a child to term. Anatomical differences are common and can be congenital. In the second trimester a weak cervix can become a recurrent problem. ...
by APFLI , Oct 31, 2012 , Studies - RU486 / Chemical Abortion / Maternal Mortality. This 2012 MOUSE study from China shows that chemical abortion mifepristone (RU-486) adversely affects the female reproductive system. Overall, mice that experienced 2 previous medical/chemical abortions had spontaneous abortions (miscarriages) in subsequent pregnancies; repeated medical/chemical abortion affected the expression of metabolic genes in the livers of living offspring; abortion decreased sperm motility in the first generation male offspring; and finally, medical/chemical abortion caused reduced reproductive capacity, caused placental dysfunction, and reduced the expression of protein-making genes needed in pregnancy metabolism. It should be noted that no spontaneous abortions (miscarriages) were observed in the control groups of mice. http://www.plosone.org/article/fetchObject.action?uri=info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0048384&representation=PDF Abstract Aim: In this study, we aimed to establish a ...
by APFLI , Oct 31, 2012 , Studies - RU486 / Chemical Abortion / Maternal Mortality. This 2012 MOUSE study from China shows that chemical abortion mifepristone (RU-486) adversely affects the female reproductive system. Overall, mice that experienced 2 previous medical/chemical abortions had spontaneous abortions (miscarriages) in subsequent pregnancies; repeated medical/chemical abortion affected the expression of metabolic genes in the livers of living offspring; abortion decreased sperm motility in the first generation male offspring; and finally, medical/chemical abortion caused reduced reproductive capacity, caused placental dysfunction, and reduced the expression of protein-making genes needed in pregnancy metabolism. It should be noted that no spontaneous abortions (miscarriages) were observed in the control groups of mice. http://www.plosone.org/article/fetchObject.action?uri=info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0048384&representation=PDF Abstract Aim: In this study, we aimed to establish a ...
Th17 cells and Treg cells are recently discovered lymphocyte subsets, that are different from Th1 and Th2. Th17 cells are associated with chronic inflammation through the secretion of the inflammatory cytokines IL-17A (also known as IL-17), IL-17F, IL-6, IL-21, IL-22 and TNF-α, which play a major role in the development of organ transplant rejection (11,12). Normal pregnancy is similar to an allograft. Nakashima et al found that there were lower levels of Th17 cells in the peripheral blood of normal pregnant women (13). Recent studies reported that the proportions and concentrations of Th17 cells in the peripheral blood were increased in pregnant women with URSA than when compared to normal pregnant and non-pregnant women (6). This association correlated with the secretion of other inflammatory cytokines (14). To study the expression of IL-17 in women that have undergone abortion, we suggested that the activation of IL-17 could increase the expression of NF-κB, thereby reducing the number of ...
There were 578 miscarriages with chromosome results. Of the subjects, 18% were obese at the time of miscarriage. The mean maternal age at miscarriage was similar between the obese and nonobese groups. Due to the high rate of maternal cell contamination in the prior miscarriages, only subsequent miscarriages with chromosome results were included in the primary analysis. Of the 117 subsequent miscarriages, the frequency of an euploid miscarriage among obese women was 58% compared with 37% of nonobese women (relative risk = 1.63; 95% confidence interval 1.08-2.47).. Conclusion(s): ...
In an analysis of approximately 1.4 million pregnancies in Denmark, use of the oral antifungal medication fluconazole during pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of spontaneous abortion compared with risk among unexposed women and women who used a topical antifungal during pregnancy, according to a study in the Jan. 5 issue of JAMA.
Principal Investigator:JUJI Takeo, Project Period (FY):1989 - 1990, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for General Scientific Research (A), Research Field:Obstetrics and gynecology
Next article in issue: Should We Re-Examine the Status of Lymphocyte Alloimmunization Therapy for Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion? Next article in issue: Should We Re-Examine the Status of Lymphocyte Alloimmunization Therapy for Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion? ...
Can PCOS contribute to a miscarriage?. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has been shown to increase the rate of miscarriage in natural conceptions. By using infertility treatment to balance your hormones, the probability of miscarriage can be reduced.. What are the chances of getting pregnant after a miscarriage?. Your chances will vary. If you have been trying for over 6 to 12 months without success, you should consider infertility treatment. If you have had two or more consecutive miscarriages, you should go through a complete work-up to evaluate recurrent pregnancy loss. A high percentage of women who have had two miscarriages go on to conceive successfully.. Does the probability of having another miscarriage go up after one miscarriage?. Having one miscarriage does not necessarily mean you will have another one. The risk may be there but many causes can be overcome successfully with modern infertility treatment at leading fertility clinics, such as Pacific Reproductive Center in Los ...
No aspect of the immunology of pregnancy is more controversial than the subject of recurrent pregnancy loss, or, as it will be called here, recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSAb). Nor is there any...
Among women who are aware of their pregnancy, the rate of spontaneous abortion-or miscarriage-is 15 to 20% and typically occurs during the first 7 weeks. Despite these troubling statistics, the cause of recurrent spontaneous abortion remains elusive. Now, a new study by Tavakoli et al. on the effects of vitamin D during early pregnancy may shed light on a new approach to the evaluation and management of women who suffer repeated miscarriages.. Researchers have identified several mechanisms behind spontaneous abortions, such as anatomical uterine abnormalities or the presence of specific maternal antibodies. However, women who do not display these conditions also struggle with recurrent and unexplained miscarriage, leaving this subset of infertility patients with few explanations and options. Attention has recently turned to the endometrial lining as a cause, specifically the interface between the early embryo and the cells programmed to assist in implantation. The authors examined the role that ...
There has been a steady decline in abortions since 1980.. • Each year, about 1.7% of all women aged 15-44 have an abortion. • Of the women obtaining abortions in any given year, about half of them have had at least one previous abortion.. • By age 45, one third of American women will have had at least one abortion, although this figure is now in dispute and may be much lower.. • Some 1.06 million abortions were performed in 2011, down from 1.21 million abortions in 2008, a decline of 13%.. • The U.S. abortion rate in 2011 was 13.9 abortions per 1,000, down from 19.4 per 1,000 in 2008.. • 88.7% of all abortions take place by the twelfth week of pregnancy.. • 12% of abortions in the U.S. occurred in teenagers. ...
Abortion refers to stoppage of pregnancy within 28 weeks and with the weight of the fetus less than 1000g. Abortion occurring within 12 weeks after pregnancy is called early abortion, while abortion occurring from 12 weeks to 28 weeks is known as late abortion. Abortion may be either natural or artificial. The incidence of abortion is 10%-18%, most of which is early abortion.
Semantic Scholar extracted view of Recurrent early pregnancy loss and genetic-related disturbances in folate and homocysteine metabolism. by Willianne L D M Nelen et al.
Dr. Rajni Wadhwa. Termination of pregnancy before the period of viability which is 20th week or foetus weighing less than 500 gm is termed as abortion. Miscarriage is synonymous with abortion.. Causes of abortion. Infection - Viral infections such as rubella, cytomegalic virus, hepatitis virus causes death and expulsion of the foetus. Parasitic infections like malaria and protozoal infections like Toxoplasmosi may produce abortion in early pregnancy. Abortion may be precipitated by high fever.. Respiratory disease, heart failure, severe anemia, severe gastroenteritis are other important factors causing abortion. < Chronic illness like high blood pressure, chronic kidney diseases and other long standing wasting diseases can lead to abortion. Endocrine factors - An increase association of abortion is found in thyroid disorders and diabetes mellitus. Trauma - Direct trauma on the abdominal wall by bow or fall r other operative trauma may be related to abortion. Congenital malformation of the ...
That jolt of Joe in the morning might not be the best thing for you if you are pregnant. A recent study proved that caffeine increases the risk of miscarriage in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy.
Recurrent First Trimester Miscarriages. It is a surprise for many women to discover how common miscarriage actually is. More than one in five pregnancies ends in a miscarriage. When you conceive and a baby is created, it takes half its genes from the sperm and half from the egg that ovulated that month. At the exact time of conception, the cross-over of these genes takes place. But for many different reasons this complex process sometimes goes wrong and sadly the pregnancy miscarries.. A miscarriage of pregnancy can shatter dreams. While an individuals reaction to a pregnancy loss vary, most couples find the experience deeply distressing. For too many women and their partners, their distress is made worse by a lack of understanding amongst those around them.. It is also natural that they want an explanation from their doctors of what has gone wrong. The investigation and diagnosis for miscarriage however is not always straightforward and this can add to the parents anxiety.. We know that some ...
One of the most difficult aspects of reproductive medicine is the management of recurrent pregnancy loss. Recurrent pregnancy loss is one of the most emotionally devastating challenges facing couples who want to grow their family. For many couples, risk factors that increase the chances of experiencing a loss can be identified and treated. For other couples, however, a definitive cause is never identified.
Thirty-two women experienced recurrent spontaneous abortion (Table I.) Ultrasonographic finding of the 32 pregnancy losses included 15 (47%) empty embryonic gestational sacs or blighted ova and 17 (53%) intrauterine deaths after establishment of cardiac activity in the first trimester of pregnancy. Eight of the blighted ova occurred in women receiving IVIg and 17 in those receiving placebo. Of 17 intrauterine embryonic deaths, 3 (18%) occurred in women receiving IVIg and 14 (82%) in women receiving placebo. Among the 11 pregnancy losses occurring in women receiving IVIg, 8 (73%) were blighted ova, and 3 (27%) were intrauterine embryonic deaths. Twenty-one pregnancy losses occurred in women receiving placebo; 7 (33%) were blighted ova, and 14 (67%) were intrauterine embryonic deaths. The difference in intrauterine embryonic deaths between women receiving IVIg and placebo was significant (P,0.004, odds ratio 0.1). Complications. No reactions to study medications occurred. One infant was born with ...
If you have not had a D&C done, you may still feel pregnant until your hormones return to pre-pregnancy level. You may still feel pregnant for a few days to a week after you miscarry. Emotionally it may take longer to stop feeling pregnant. If you continue to have pregnancy symptoms you should talk to your doctor.. Two ways that doctors diagnose miscarriage are by checking quantitative beta-HCG levels and by doing an ultrasound. In early pregnancy beta-HCG levels should double every two to three days. One blood test is not enough to determine miscarriage. Your doctor may order two to three beta-HCG tests to see if your levels are rising appropriately. Even if they are rising slowly there is cause for concern. Slow rising HCG levels usually result in miscarriage or can be a sign of an ectopic pregnancy. Another way doctors diagnose miscarriage is by doing an ultrasound. Your doctor will look for a viable fetus and check your measurements to see if they are consistent with your due date. Your ...
Decidual Cast Miscarriage The miscarriage is a condition in which the fetus is pass out of body at the early stage of pregnancy i. "A woman will generally ovulate two to four weeks after a miscarriage, with a normal menstrual period occurring two weeks after ovulation," says Dr. Miscarriage Blood Clot Pictures by Pregnancy Weeks. Index Share. I had no symptoms of miscarriage, no cramping, no bleeding. I had a natural miscarriage in May 2010 at 11 weeks and a d/c in november 2010 at 9weeks. 20 Sep 2018- Stillborn babies, stillborn babies pictures, photos in loving memory baby loss ,our infants did exist if only for a short moment keeping their memories alive. The Edge radio host reveals miscarriage trauma. Your uploaded photos will appear here until they are carried into the folders above, to be held with babies of the same age. That our little man is going to be a big brother. I feel so overwhelmingly grateful that I am able to go on trips like this because of you guys!! So excited to share all ...
Abortion is the termination and removal of a fetus or an embryo before it can live on its own. Abortions are normally done when one is not ready for the baby or the pregnancy was not planned for. Adult abortion has been legalized in the US and therefore it has reduced death rates among mothers and women who were at risk of procuring an abortion. This is because most women would go through backdoor means to have the pregnancy terminated. Most doctors in this field were less skilled and would use the wrong methods to terminate the pregnancy. This would lead to increased maternal deaths.. Abortion after the first trimester. Having an abortion after the first trimester, that is, after the first three months of the pregnancy is very risky. This is because the fetus is fully formed and has started getting differentiated body parts. An abortion at this time is a great health risk to both the mother and the fetus. This is because some bone fragments can be left in the uterus which can cause decay to the ...
... multiple spontaneous abortions; intrauterine fetal demise ... spontaneous chromosomal breakage exacerbated by exposure to DNA ...
"Miscarriage (Spontaneous Abortion)". MedicineNet.com. Archived from the original on 2004-08-29. Retrieved 2009-04-07.. ... When this happens naturally, it is called spontaneous abortion or miscarriage.[11] There are many reasons why this may occur. ... A complete spontaneous abortion at about 6 weeks from conception, i.e. 8 weeks from LMP ... Abortion is the process of artificially (non-naturally) removing the embryo through deliberate pharmaceutical or surgical ...
Spontaneous abortion during pregnancy. *CNS hemorrhaging[5]. Spontaneous bleeding of the mouth, nose, and gastrointestinal ...
The epidemiology of human spontaneous abortion. The pathology of spontaneous abortion. Dorothy married fellow McGill graduate ... She completed her doctoral degree in 1961 where her work focused on the recurrence risk of spontaneous abortions. In 1964, ...
Before the 1980s, health professionals used the phrase "spontaneous abortion" for a miscarriage and "induced abortion" for a ... Spontaneous abortion occurs in pregnant prairie voles when their mate is removed and they are exposed to a new male, an example ... In cows, spontaneous abortion may be caused by contagious disease, such as brucellosis or Campylobacter, but often can be ... Miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion and pregnancy loss, is the natural death of an embryo or fetus before it is ...
15.5%; spontaneous abortion, 50.3% vs. 38.6%; preterm delivery, 53.3% vs. 17.8%; loss of second-trimester pregnancy, 16.4% vs. ...
Mattar R, Soares RV, Daher S (February 2005). "Sexual behavior and recurrent spontaneous abortion". International Journal of ...
"Trihalomethanes in drinking water and spontaneous abortion". Epidemiology. 9 (2): 134-140. doi:10.1097/00001648-199803000-00006 ...
The emotional responses to a spontaneous abortion (miscarriage) and an elective abortion are sometimes identical. Spanish women ... "Depressive disorder and grief following spontaneous abortion". BMC Psychiatry. 16. doi:10.1186/s12888-016-0812-y. ISSN 1471- ... "Acute and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder After Spontaneous Abortion". American Family Physician. 61 (6). ISSN 0002-838X. ... Pregnancy loss, including induced abortion is a risk factor for mental illness. The impact of miscarriage can be underestimated ...
"Hypothyroidism And Spontaneous Abortions Among Hanford, Washington, Downwinders." Archives Of Environmental Health 51.3 (1996 ... it is likely that the embryo will fail to develop and spontaneous abortion will occur. Fetal malformations are most likely to ...
"1. Induced termination of a pregnancy with destruction of the fetus or embryo; therapeutic abortion. 2. Spontaneous abortion." ... more fully spontaneous abortion) or of a deliberate act (more fully induced abortion); the early or premature termination of ... The terms 'spontaneous abortion' and 'miscarriage' are synonymous and are defined as loss of the fetus before the twenty-eighth ... A] spontaneous or deliberate ending of pregnancy before the fetus can be expected to survive." "abortion." Miller-Keane (2005 ...
This indicates that many cases of SLOS are undetected, and is likely due to either spontaneous abortion caused by severe ... nonsense mutations may simply result in spontaneous abortion. The IVS8-1G>C is the most frequently reported mutation in DHCR7. ... Amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling leave very little time to make this decision (abortions become more difficult as ...
Nakhai-Pour HR, Broy P, Bérard A (2010). "Use of antidepressants during pregnancy and the risk of spontaneous abortion". ... Broy P, Bérard A (2010). "Gestational exposure to antidepressants and the risk of spontaneous abortion: A review". Current drug ... Vaiman, Daniel (2015). "Genetic regulation of recurrent spontaneous abortion in humans". Biomedical Journal. 38 (1): 11-24. doi ... "Incidence of Spontaneous Abortion among Normal Women and Insulin-Dependent Diabetic Women Whose Pregnancies Were Identified ...
Cates W, Ory HW, Rochat RW, Tyler CW (1976). "The intrauterine device and deaths from spontaneous abortion". N. Engl. J. Med. ... In 1975 the CDC published a study associating the Dalkon Shield with a higher risk of spontaneous abortion-related death ... "CURRENT TRENDS IUD SAFETY: REPORT OF A NATIONWIDE PHYSICIAN SURVEY". Templeton JS (1974). "Letter: septic abortion and the ... but failed to detect the tendency of the device to cause septic abortion and other severe infections. In June 1973 the CDC ...
Adoni A, Palti Z, Milwidsky A, Dolberg M (1982). "The incidence of intrauterine adhesions following spontaneous abortion". Int ... "Intrauterine adhesions after conservative and surgical management of spontaneous abortion". J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc. 9 (2 ... Deaton JL, Maier D, Andreoli J (1989). "Spontaneous uterine rupture during pregnancy after treatment of Asherman's syndrome". ... abortion) to remove retained products of conception. The cavity of the uterus is lined by the endometrium. This lining is ...
"Acute and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder After Spontaneous Abortion". American Family Physician. 61 (6). ISSN 0002-838X. ... It has also been used to assess the presence and degree of trauma associated with miscarriage, induced abortion and other types ... Bellieni, Carlo V.; Buonocore, Giuseppe (2013). "Abortion and subsequent mental health: Review of the literature". Psychiatry ...
2011). Role of the infections in recurrent spontaneous abortion. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, 24, 983-989. ... Third, emergency obstetric care to address the major causes of maternal death which are haemorrhage, sepsis, unsafe abortion, ...
Fetal cells from accidental spontaneous or voluntarily selected abortions; Blastocyst or parthenogenetic split blastocyst ...
Rowland AS, Baird DD, Shore DL, Weinberg CR, Savitz DA, Wilcox AJ (March 1995). "Nitrous oxide and spontaneous abortion in ... However, historical evidence suggests a potential increase in risk of spontaneous abortion amongst pregnant female dental ... Weak relationships exist between mercury and spontaneous abortion, congenital abnormalities and reduced fertility. ...
In pregnant sows, spontaneous abortions occur. In milder infections, affected pigs lose weight, becoming thin, and develop ...
"Cocaine and Tobacco Use and the Risk of Spontaneous Abortion". New England Journal of Medicine. 340 (5): 333-9. doi:10.1056/ ...
February 1999). "Cocaine and tobacco use and the risk of spontaneous abortion". N. Engl. J. Med. 340 (5): 333-9. doi:10.1056/ ...
al (2007). "The role of oxidative stress in spontaneous abortion and recurrent". Obstet Gynecol Surv. 62 (5): 335-47. doi: ... Nitrogen dioxide is often released into the environment as a byproduct of fuel combustion but rarely released by spontaneous ... 2011). "Sperm DNA damage & oxidative stress in recurrent spontaneous". Indian J. Med. Res. 133 (5): 550-551. PMC 3121290 . PMID ... spontaneous destruction of red blood cells). Acute and chronic exposure also reduces glutathione reductase, an enzyme that ...
This can result in spontaneous abortion or major developmental disorders. For many infections, the baby is more at risk at ...
This can result in spontaneous abortion or major developmental disorders. For many infections, the baby is more at risk at ... Perineal tearing is the spontaneous (unintended) tearing of the skin and other soft tissue structures which, in women, separate ... and elective abortion. There is no clear distinction between complications of pregnancy and symptoms and discomforts of ...
Spontaneous abortions[change , change source]. Names[change , change source]. People speak of spontaneous abortion or ... Spontaneous abortion in other mammals[change , change source]. Spontaneous abortions occur in various mammals. In sheep, it may ... Spontaneous abortions (miscarriages) are common. About fifteen percent of pregnancies end in spontaneous abortion. In many ... Such abortions are usually called unsafe abortions, back-alley abortions or DIY abortions, mainly because the risk to the ...
Keywords: antioxidant; free radicals; miscarriage; tumor necrosis factor-α; unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion ... Association of tumor necrosis factor-α gene promoter polymorphisms (-308G/A, -238G/A) with recurrent spontaneous abortion: a ... Tumor necrosis factor-α and oxidant status are essential participating factors in unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortions ... Tumor necrosis factor-α and oxidant status are essential participating factors in unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortions ...
Abortion, Habitual. Immune System Diseases. Abortion, Spontaneous. Pregnancy Complications. Hormones. Histamine phosphate. ... Recurrent Abortions. Recurrent Miscarriages. Hormones. Skin tests. Allergen. Immunotherapy. Hypersensitivity. Skin reaction. ...
Eschenbach, D. (2015). "Treating spontaneous and induced septic abortions". Obstetrics and Gynecology. 125 (5). doi:10.1097/AOG ... If the septic abortion is not treated quickly and effectively, the woman may die. A septic abortion can occur when bacteria ... Eschenbach, D (2015). "Treating spontaneous and induced septic abortions". Obstetrics & Gynecology. 125 (5). doi:10.1097/AOG. ... Also, sexually transmitted infections (STI) such as chlamydia may cause septic abortion. The risk of a septic abortion is ...
WHO Scientific Group on Spontaneous and Induced Abortion; World Health Organization (‎Ginebra : Organización Mundial de la ... WHO Scientific Group on Spontaneous and Induced Abortion; World Health Organization (‎Genève : Organisation mondiale de la ... Abortion laws : a survey of current world legislation  World Health Organization (‎Genève : Organisation mondiale de la Sante ... Post-abortion family planning / Katie E. McLaurin ... [‎et al.]‎  McLaurin, Katie E; Senanayake, Pramilla; Toubia, Nahid; ...
Spontaneous and induced abortion : report of a WHO Scientific Group [‎meeting held in Geneva from 10 to 14 November 1969]‎  ... WHO Scientific Group on Spontaneous and Induced Abortion; World Health Organization (‎Ginebra : Organización Mundial de la ... WHO Scientific Group on Spontaneous and Induced Abortion; World Health Organization (‎Genève : Organisation mondiale de la ... WHO Scientific Group on Spontaneous and Induced Abortion; World Health Organization (‎World Health OrganizationWorld Health ...
... disruption.We wanted to determine whether these and other occupational exposures were associated with spontaneous abortion ... Spontaneous abortion was associated with several flight attendant occupational exposures. This is the first report of these ... The risk of a first trimester spontaneous abortion was significantly increased with 15 h or more of flying during home base ... to suggest that cosmic radiation exposure of 0.1 mGy or more may be associated with increased risk of spontaneous abortion in ...
Results: The proportion of women with chlamydial infection was 3.8% among spontaneous abortion cases and 8.5% among controls. ... This study evaluated cervical C. trachomatis infections among 52 women experiencing spontaneous abortion and 59 controls. ... Chlamydial Lower Genital Tract Infection and Spontaneous Abortion. J. Sozio and R. B. Ness ... All women were followed up to 22 weeks of pregnancy to ascertain the outcome of spontaneous abortion. ...
Spontaneous abortion can be subdivided into threatened abortion, inevitable abortion, incomplete abortion, missed abortion, ... complete abortion, and recurrent spontaneous abortion. Ultrasonography is helpful in the diagnosis of spontaneous abortion, but ... Women are at increased risk for significant depression and anxiety for up to one year after spontaneous abortion. Counseling to ... For women with incomplete spontaneous abortion, expectant management for up to two weeks usually is successful, and medical ...
Blood lead levels measured prospectively and risk of spontaneous abortion.. Borja-Aburto VH1, Hertz-Picciotto I, Rojas Lopez M ... Spontaneous abortions before week 21 (n = 35) were matched with pregnancies that survived beyond week 20 (n = 60) on maternal ... To evaluate the risk of spontaneous abortion from low or moderate lead exposures, a nested case-control study was conducted ... Low to moderate lead exposures may increase the risk for spontaneous abortion at exposures comparable to US general population ...
... and spontaneous abortion. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android ... Abortion, SpontaneousAdultBeveragesBiasCaffeineCaliforniaCoffeeFemaleHumansOdds RatioPregnancyPregnancy OutcomePregnancy ... The adjusted odds ratio for spontaneous abortion related to consumption of three or more cups of decaffeinated coffee during ... The adjusted odds ratio for spontaneous abortion related to consumption of three or more cups of decaffeinated coffee during ...
... of the oral antifungal medication fluconazole during pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of spontaneous abortion ... Among 3,315 women exposed to oral fluconazole from 7 through 22 weeks gestation, 147 experienced a spontaneous abortion, ... Use of oral antifungal medication during pregnancy, risk of spontaneous abortion. The JAMA Network Journals ... 130 of 2,823 women exposed to fluconazole vs 118 of 2,823 exposed to topical azoles had a spontaneous abortion; 20 of 4,301 ...
Maternal caffeine consumption and spontaneous abortion: a prospective cohort study.. Dlugosz L1, Belanger K, Hellenbrand K, ... Drinking , or = 3 cups of tea or coffee was associated with elevated risks of spontaneous abortion (adjusted odds ratio = 2.33 ... In this study, caffeine consumption is more strongly related to spontaneous abortion than alcohol or cigarette use in early ... We investigated the relation between caffeine beverage consumption and spontaneous abortion in 2,967 pregnant women planning to ...
Spontaneous and induced abortion : report of a WHO Scientific Group [‎meeting held in Geneva from 10 to 14 November 1969]‎  ... WHO Scientific Group on Spontaneous and Induced Abortion; World Health Organization (‎World Health OrganizationWorld Health ... Studying unsafe abortion : a practical guide  World Health Organization. Maternal Health and Safe Motherhood Programme (‎World ...
... Jing Yang,1 Yan Wang,1 ... Although a history of first-trimester recurrent spontaneous abortion (FRSA) is regarded as a risk factor in antenatal care, the ... and second-trimester abortion. Patients in the study group were more likely to suffer from placenta accreta, placenta increta, ...
... spontaneous abortion, RSA, late abortion, spontaneous preterm birth (no rupture of membranes and premature rupture of membranes ... Most experts believe that women with a history of two or three consecutive spontaneous abortions have similar abortion risks in ... Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes of Patients with History of First-Trimester Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion. Jing Yang,1 Yan Wang,1 ... Recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) refers to the consecutive occurrence of fetal loss (body weight , 1000 g) happening more ...
Sixteen British specialists pool their extensive knowledge of spontaneous abortion in one source. Their discussion is directly ... Sixteen British specialists pool their extensive knowledge of spontaneous abortion in one source. Their discussion is directly ...
Is caffeine and caffeinated beverage consumption associated with the risk of spontaneous abortion (SAB)? SUMMARY ANSWER: While ... STUDY QUESTION: Is caffeine and caffeinated beverage consumption associated with the risk of spontaneous abortion (SAB)? ... Caffeine and caffeinated beverage consumption and risk of spontaneous abortion. Human Reproduction, 30(5), 1246-1255. DOI: ...
Learn more about spontaneous abortion and termination of pregnancy in cats here. ... Cats can experience spontaneous abortions or miscarriages for a variety of medical reasons. ... If your cat has experienced a spontaneous abortion, the most common thing you may notice is abnormal vaginal bleeding; in some ... Conversely, it is also important to note that cats can experience spontaneous abortions or miscarriages for a variety of ...
... because of spontaneous abortion. Of the women with spontaneous abortion, data about gestational age at admission were missing ... and risk of spontaneous abortion. However, we found an increased risk of spontaneous abortion following exposure to ... between NSAIDs use and spontaneous abortion did not adjust for important known risk factors for spontaneous abortion, including ... Fetal exposure to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and spontaneous abortions. Sharon Daniel, Gideon Koren, Eitan Lunenfeld ...
PubMed journal article Maternal caffeine consumption and spontaneous abortion: a prospective cohort stud were found in PRIME ... risk factors for spontaneous abortion.. *Caffeine consumption during pregnancy and association with late spontaneous abortion. ... Caffeinated beverages, decaffeinated coffee, and spontaneous abortion.. *Caffeine consumption during pregnancy and spontaneous ... Abortion, SpontaneousAdultCaffeineCausalityConnecticutCross-Sectional StudiesDose-Response Relationship, DrugFemaleHumans ...
BackgroundSeveral studies indicate that female obesity increases the risk of spontaneous abortion (SAB). Central adiposity, ... 2014). Body Size and Risk of Spontaneous Abortion among Danish Pregnancy Planners. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 28(5 ... BackgroundSeveral studies indicate that female obesity increases the risk of spontaneous abortion (SAB). Central adiposity, ...
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... Ann Epidemiol. 2015 Dec;25(12):936-41.e1. doi: 10.1016/j. ... Purpose: To examine the association between pregravid oral contraceptive (OC) use and spontaneous abortion (SAB). ...
... a rare case of a 32-year-old woman who developed endogenous Candida albicans endophthalmitis following spontaneous abortion and ... Cases of Fungal Endophthalmitis After Spontaneous or Induced Abortion. a. Citation. Case. Age (Y). Presenting VA. Vaginal ... We report a rare case of C. albicans fungal endophthalmitis following spontaneous abortion and removal of an IUD. Although this ... One week prior, she had undergone a dilation and curettage procedure with removal of IUD for spontaneous abortion. Examination ...
Spontaneous and induced abortion : report of a WHO Scientific Group [‎meeting held in Geneva from 10 to 14 November 1969]‎  ... WHO Scientific Group on Spontaneous and Induced Abortion; World Health Organization (‎Ginebra : Organización Mundial de la ... WHO Scientific Group on Spontaneous and Induced Abortion; World Health Organization (‎Genève : Organisation mondiale de la ... WHO Scientific Group on Spontaneous and Induced Abortion; World Health Organization (‎World Health OrganizationWorld Health ...
  • Reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione reductase (GSH-R), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), nitric oxide (NO), malondialdehyde (MDA) and TNF-α were assayed in women suffering unexplained first-trimester abortions. (degruyter.com)
  • A completed abortion is clinically diagnosed when all products of conception (POC) are expelled, the uterus is contracted, and the cervical os is closed [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • In a complete abortion, all the products of conception have been expelled from the uterus. (healthhype.com)
  • Loss of pregnancy symptoms following a period of amenorrhea (cessation of periods), a decrease in size of the uterus, or inability to detect a fetal heart beat at the expected stage of pregnancy may raise a suspicion of missed abortion, which can be confirmed by ultrasonography. (healthhype.com)
  • Failure of, not just, the cytokine and cell recognition mediated dialogue, but also the pre and peri-implantation "preparation of the uterus", as stated, leads to sterility, early pregnancy loss and recurrent abortions. (eurekaselect.com)
  • In complete abortions, the contents of the uterus are completely expelled. (checkpregnancy.com)
  • A septic abortion can occur when bacteria enters the uterus. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the 2006 WHO Frequently asked clinical questions about medical abortion, the presence of remaining products of conception in the uterus (as detected by obstetric ultrasonography) after a medical abortion is not an indication for surgical intervention (that is, vacuum aspiration or dilation and curettage). (wikipedia.org)
  • Objective To study the local expression of membrane tissue CD4,CD8 immune cells and TM,PAI-1,F_(1+ 2),D-dimers coagulation related factors in unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion patients and their relevance,so to provide help for the treatment of patients with unexplained abortion. (cnki.com.cn)
  • Cervical evaluation alone has been found to be unreliable in distinguishing between complete and incomplete abortion. (hindawi.com)