Abortion, Induced: Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)Abortion, Spontaneous: Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.Abortion, Veterinary: Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.Abortion, Criminal: Illegal termination of pregnancy.Abortion, Therapeutic: Abortion induced to save the life or health of a pregnant woman. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Abortion Applicants: Individuals requesting induced abortions.Abortion, Missed: The retention in the UTERUS of a dead FETUS two months or more after its DEATH.Abortion, Septic: Any type of abortion, induced or spontaneous, that is associated with infection of the UTERUS and its appendages. It is characterized by FEVER, uterine tenderness, and foul discharge.Abortion, Habitual: Three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions.Abortion, Threatened: UTERINE BLEEDING from a GESTATION of less than 20 weeks without any CERVICAL DILATATION. It is characterized by vaginal bleeding, lower back discomfort, or midline pelvic cramping and a risk factor for MISCARRIAGE.Abortifacient Agents: Chemical substances that interrupt pregnancy after implantation.Abortion, Incomplete: Premature loss of PREGNANCY in which not all the products of CONCEPTION have been expelled.Aborted Fetus: A mammalian fetus expelled by INDUCED ABORTION or SPONTANEOUS ABORTION.Abortifacient Agents, Steroidal: Steroidal compounds with abortifacient activity.Abortion, Eugenic: Abortion performed because of possible fetal defects.Misoprostol: A synthetic analog of natural prostaglandin E1. It produces a dose-related inhibition of gastric acid and pepsin secretion, and enhances mucosal resistance to injury. It is an effective anti-ulcer agent and also has oxytocic properties.Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal: Non-steroidal chemical compounds with abortifacient activity.Pregnancy, Unplanned: Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.Pregnancy, Unwanted: Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.Vacuum Curettage: Aspiration of the contents of the uterus with a vacuum curette.Pregnancy Trimester, First: The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.Pregnant Women: Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.Contraception: Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.Sterilization, Reproductive: Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.Legislation, Medical: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.Minors: A person who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded.Fetal Death: Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.Women's Rights: The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Personhood: The state or condition of being a human individual accorded moral and/or legal rights. Criteria to be used to determine this status are subject to debate, and range from the requirement of simply being a human organism to such requirements as that the individual be self-aware and capable of rational thought and moral agency.Mifepristone: A progestational and glucocorticoid hormone antagonist. Its inhibition of progesterone induces bleeding during the luteal phase and in early pregnancy by releasing endogenous prostaglandins from the endometrium or decidua. As a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist, the drug has been used to treat hypercortisolism in patients with nonpituitary CUSHING SYNDROME.Contraception Behavior: Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.Reproductive Rights: Reproductive rights rest on the recognition of the basic right of all couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing and timing of their children and to have the information and means to do so, and the right to attain the highest standard of sexual and reproductive health. They also include the right of all to make decisions concerning reproduction free of discrimination, coercion and violence.Birth Rate: The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.Dilatation and Curettage: Dilatation of the cervix uteri followed by a scraping of the endometrium with a curette.Pregnancy Outcome: Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Beginning of Human Life: The point at which religious ensoulment or PERSONHOOD is considered to begin.Pregnancy Trimester, Second: The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.Neospora: A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Its species are parasitic in dogs, cattle, goats, and sheep, among others. N. caninum, a species that mainly infects dogs, is intracellular in neural and other cells of the body, multiplies by endodyogeny, has no parasitophorous vacuole, and has numerous rhoptries. It is known to cause lesions in many tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord as well as abortion in the expectant mother.Pregnancy Trimesters: The three approximately equal periods of a normal human PREGNANCY. Each trimester is about three months or 13 to 14 weeks in duration depending on the designation of the first day of gestation.Parental Notification: Reporting to parents or guardians about care to be provided to a minor (MINORS).Pregnancy in Adolescence: Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.Contraceptive Devices: Devices that diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Uterine Hemorrhage: Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.Life: The state that distinguishes organisms from inorganic matter, manifested by growth, metabolism, reproduction, and adaptation. It includes the course of existence, the sum of experiences, the mode of existing, or the fact of being. Over the centuries inquiries into the nature of life have crossed the boundaries from philosophy to biology, forensic medicine, anthropology, etc., in creative as well as scientific literature. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.Catholicism: The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)Parity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.Illegitimacy: The state of birth outside of wedlock. It may refer to the offspring or the parents.Judicial Role: The kind of action or activity proper to the judiciary, particularly its responsibility for decision making.Coccidiosis: Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA.Pregnancy, Ectopic: A potentially life-threatening condition in which EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs outside the cavity of the UTERUS. Most ectopic pregnancies (>96%) occur in the FALLOPIAN TUBES, known as TUBAL PREGNANCY. They can be in other locations, such as UTERINE CERVIX; OVARY; and abdominal cavity (PREGNANCY, ABDOMINAL).Sheep Diseases: Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.Placenta Diseases: Pathological processes or abnormal functions of the PLACENTA.Gynecology: A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the physiology and disorders primarily of the female genital tract, as well as female endocrinology and reproductive physiology.Pregnancy Complications, Infectious: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Jurisprudence: The science or philosophy of law. Also, the application of the principles of law and justice to health and medicine.Morals: Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Chlamydophila: A genus of the family CHLAMYDIACEAE comprising gram-negative non CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS-like species infecting vertebrates. Chlamydophila do not produce detectable quantities of glycogen. The type species is CHLAMYDOPHILA PSITTACI.Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Congenital Abnormalities: Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.Maternal Mortality: Maternal deaths resulting from complications of pregnancy and childbirth in a given population.Fetus: The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.Supreme Court Decisions: Decisions made by the United States Supreme Court.United StatesHorse Diseases: Diseases of domestic and wild horses of the species Equus caballus.Obstetrics: A medical-surgical specialty concerned with management and care of women during pregnancy, parturition, and the puerperium.Placenta: A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).Administration, Sublingual: Administration of a soluble dosage form by placement under the tongue.Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Intrauterine Devices: Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Goat Diseases: Diseases of the domestic or wild goat of the genus Capra.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Human Characteristics: The fundamental dispositions and traits of humans. (Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Contraception, Postcoital: Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).Conscience: The cognitive and affective processes which constitute an internalized moral governor over an individual's moral conduct.Value of Life: The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Parental Consent: Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.Uterine Perforation: A hole or break through the wall of the UTERUS, usually made by the placement of an instrument or INTRAUTERINE DEVICES.Moral Obligations: Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.Administration, Intravaginal: The insertion of drugs into the vagina to treat local infections, neoplasms, or to induce labor. The dosage forms may include medicated pessaries, irrigation fluids, and suppositories.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Fetal Resorption: The disintegration and assimilation of the dead FETUS in the UTERUS at any stage after the completion of organogenesis which, in humans, is after the 9th week of GESTATION. It does not include embryo resorption (see EMBRYO LOSS).Ethics: The philosophy or code pertaining to what is ideal in human character and conduct. Also, the field of study dealing with the principles of morality.Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Hydatidiform Mole: Trophoblastic hyperplasia associated with normal gestation, or molar pregnancy. It is characterized by the swelling of the CHORIONIC VILLI and elevated human CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN. Hydatidiform moles or molar pregnancy may be categorized as complete or partial based on their gross morphology, histopathology, and karyotype.Abnormalities, Drug-Induced: Congenital abnormalities caused by medicinal substances or drugs of abuse given to or taken by the mother, or to which she is inadvertently exposed during the manufacture of such substances. The concept excludes abnormalities resulting from exposure to non-medicinal chemicals in the environment.Chlamydophila psittaci: A genus of CHLAMYDOPHILA infecting primarily birds. It contains eight known serovars, some of which infect more than one type of host, including humans.Infertility, Female: Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Religion and Medicine: The interrelationship of medicine and religion.Aftercare: The care and treatment of a convalescent patient, especially that of a patient after surgery.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
(1/1455) Reproductive factors and fatal hip fractures. A Norwegian prospective study of 63,000 women.

STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of reproductive variables (age at menarche, menopause, first and last birth as well as parity, lactation, and abortions) on hip fracture mortality. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective study in Norway with more than 60,000 women followed up for 29 years. A total of 465 deaths as a result of hip fracture were recorded. MAIN RESULTS: Statistically significant linear relations (p < or = 0.02) were found between both age at menarche and length of reproductive period (defined as age at menopause to age at menarche) and the mortality of hip fractures in women aged less than 80. The death rate for women with a late menarche (> or = 17 years) was twice that of the women with relatively early menarche (< or = 13 years). Compared with women with less than 30 years between menopause and menarche, the mortality rate ratio in women with more than 38 reproductive years was 0.5. We also found an inverse relation with age at first birth. CONCLUSIONS: This study supports by hypothesis that an early menarche and a long reproductive period protect against hip fracture mortality. High age at first birth may also be protective.  (+info)

(2/1455) Endocrine biomarkers of early fetal loss in cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis) following exposure to dioxin.

This study examines the endocrine alterations associated with early fetal loss (EFL) induced by an environmental toxin, TCDD (2,3,7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin), in the cynomolgus macaque, a well-documented reproductive/developmental model for humans. Females were administered single doses of 1, 2, and 4 microgram/kg TCDD (n = 4 per dose group) on gestational day (GD) 12. Urinary estrogen metabolites (estrone conjugates) were monitored to establish the day of ovulation, and serum hormones (estradiol, progesterone, chorionic gonadotropin, relaxin) were measured to assess ovarian and placental endocrine status before and after treatment. EFL occurred between GDs 22 and 32 in 10 of the 12 animals treated with TCDD. The primary endocrine alterations associated with TCDD treatment were significant decreases in serum estradiol and bioactive chorionic gonadotropin concentrations (p < 0.02). Less pronounced decreases in serum progesterone (p = 0.10) and relaxin (p < 0.08) also followed TCDD treatment. In contrast, immunoreactive chorionic gonadotropin concentrations were not reduced by TCDD exposure at any level, indicating that TCDD targets specific components of the chorionic gonadotropin synthesis machinery within the trophoblast to alter the functional capacity of the hormone. These data demonstrate the value of endocrine biomarkers in identifying a toxic exposure to primate pregnancy many days before direct signs of reproductive toxicity were apparent. The increased EFL that occurred after exposure to TCDD might reflect a toxic response initially mediated via endocrine imbalance, leading to placental insufficiency, compromised embryonic circulation, and subsequent EFL.  (+info)

(3/1455) Outcome of pregnancy in women with congenital shunt lesions.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of pregnancy in women with congenital shunt lesions. SETTING: Retrospective study in a tertiary care centre. METHODS: Pregnancy history was obtained by a standardised questionnaire and medical records were reviewed. PATIENTS: 175 women were identified, at a mean (SD) age of 42 (14) years. Pregnancies occurred in 126 women: 50 with an atrial septal defect, 22 with a ventricular septal defect, 22 with an atrioventricular septal defect, 19 with tetralogy of Fallot, and 13 with other complex shunt lesions. RESULTS: 309 pregnancies were reported by 126 woman (2.5 (1.6) pregnancies per woman). The shortening fraction of the systemic ventricle was 40 (8)%, and 98% were in New York Heart Association class I-II at last follow up. Spontaneous abortions occurred in 17% of pregnancies (abortion rate, 0.4 (0.9) per woman). Gestational age of the 241 newborn infants was 8.8 (0.8) months. There were no maternal deaths related to pregnancy. Pre-eclampsia and embolic events were observed in 1.3% and 0.6%, respectively of all pregnancies. Women with complex shunt lesions more often underwent caesarean section (70% v 15-30%, p = 0.005) and gave birth to smaller babies for equivalent gestation (2577 (671) g v 3016 (572) to 3207 (610) g, p < 0.05). The recurrence risk of congenital heart disease was 2.5%. CONCLUSIONS: The outcome of pregnancy is favourable in women with congenital shunt lesions if their functional class and their systolic ventricular function are good. Such patients can be reassured.  (+info)

(4/1455) Pregnancy after atrial repair for transposition of the great arteries.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk of pregnancy in patients with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) who have undergone atrial repair. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis (1962-94) of 342 TGA patients who underwent atrial repair. Of 231 known late survivors, 48 were women over 18 years old who were interviewed about possible reproductive plans and previous pregnancies. As a control, comparison was made with data of 57 500 women (mean age 26 years) obtained from the Swiss Statistical Bank in Bern. RESULTS: Mean follow up was 13.7 years; 66% remained asymptomatic, 29% had mild to moderate cardiac symptoms, and 5% suffered from severe cardiac symptoms (New York Heart Association grade III-IV). Thirty six of the 48 women wished to bear children and, to date, there have been 10 live births, two spontaneous first trimester abortions, and one induced abortion at 16 weeks. During pregnancy there was one case of cardiac deterioration and two cases of pneumonia. There was no evidence of congenital heart disease in the children. CONCLUSIONS: In this relatively small series the completion of pregnancy in women with TGA who had undergone atrial repair and who had normal functional cardiac status was uncomplicated  (+info)

(5/1455) A new lethal syndrome of exomphalos, short limbs, and macrogonadism.

We report a new lethal multiple congenital abnormality (MCA) syndrome of exomphalos, short limbs, nuchal web, macrogonadism, and facial dysmorphism in seven fetuses (six males and one female) belonging to three unrelated families. X rays showed enlarged and irregular metaphyses with a heterogeneous pattern of mineralisation of the long bones. Pathological examination showed adrenal cytomegaly, hyperplasia of Leydig cells, ovarian stroma cells, and Langherans cells, and renal microcysts. We suggest that this condition is a new autosomal recessive MCA syndrome different from Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, especially as no infracytogenetic deletion or uniparental disomy of chromosome 11 was found.  (+info)

(6/1455) Preimplantation diagnosis by fluorescence in situ hybridization using 13-, 16-, 18-, 21-, 22-, X-, and Y-chromosome probes.

PURPOSE: Our purpose was to select the proper chromosomes for preimplantation diagnosis based on aneuploidy distribution in abortuses and to carry out a feasibility study of preimplantation diagnosis for embryos using multiple-probe fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) on the selected chromosomes of biopsied blastomeres. METHODS: After determining the frequency distribution of aneuploidy found in abortuses, seven chromosomes were selected for FISH probes. Blastomeres were obtained from 33 abnormal or excess embryos. The chromosome complements of both the biopsied blastomeres and the remaining sibling blastomeres in each embryo were determined by FISH and compared to evaluate their preimplantation diagnostic potential. RESULTS: Chromosomes (16, 22, X, Y) and (13, 18, 21) were selected on the basis of the high aneuploid prevalence in abortuses for the former group and the presence of trisomy in the newborn for the latter. Thirty-six (72%) of 50 blastomeres gave signals to permit a diagnosis. Diagnoses made from biopsied blastomeres were consistent with the diagnoses made from the remaining sibling blastomeres in 18 embryos. In only 2 of 20 cases did the biopsied blastomere diagnosis and the embryo diagnosis not match. CONCLUSIONS: If FISH of biopsied blastomere was successful, a preimplantation diagnosis could be made with 10% error. When a combination of chromosome-13, -16, -18, -21, -22, -X, and -Y probes was used, up to 65% of the embryos destined to be aborted could be detected.  (+info)

(7/1455) Effect of pelvic endometrial implants on overall reproductive functions of female rats.

The effects of pelvic endometrial implants on the overall reproductive potential of female rats were investigated. After homologous transplantation in the peritoneum, the ectopic endometrium developed into highly vascularized nodes that gradually increased in mass until the 9th week postsurgery and then plateaued. In the presence of these implants, overall reproductive function was adversely affected. The effect was of greatest magnitude during 50-70 days posttransplantation. As compared with values in corresponding controls, ovulation was reduced by 43% (6 of 14) (p < 0.05), mating rate was reduced by 44% (12 of 27) (p < 0.025), and premature termination of pregnancy occurred in 34% (5 of 15) of rats. Wastage of pregnancy, which included complete termination or reduction of fetal number, occurred during the postimplantation course of gestation. Furthermore, 100% of the rats with transplants failed to respond to the copulomimetic stimulation for the induction of pseudopregnancy (p < 0.01, compared with corresponding controls). However, on exposure to vasectomized males, 46% (6 of 13) of these rats exhibited development of pseudopregnancy (p < 0.05, compared with corresponding group receiving copulomimetic stimulation). Increased rate of mating failure and differential pseudopregnancy rates after copulomimetic and natural cervical stimulation suggest that the rats with endometrial explants possibly had an absence or a short appearance of behavioral estrus. Hormonal assessment during the preovulatory phase showed a tendency toward lower mean levels of preovulatory estradiol and significantly lower LH (p < 0.01) and progesterone (p < 0.01) concentrations. The adversely affected reproductive functions may be a secondary consequence of these altered endocrine milieus.  (+info)

(8/1455) Pregnancy in patients after valve replacement.

This report is based on information obtained from a questionnaire sent to major cardiac centres in the United Kingdom. This produced details of 39 pregnancies in 34 patients after valve replacement. The 39 pregnancies gave rise to 30 healthy babies. The small size of the series probably reflects both the increasing rarity of young women with rheumatic heart disease in this country and the cautious attitude of their cardiologists. This makes it likely that these women represented the best end of the spectrum of cardiac function after valve replacement. Twenty-four pregnancies in 20 women who were not given anticoagulants producted 23 healthy babies and 1 spontaneous abortion. This group comprised 6 patients with free aortic homografts, 1 patient with a fascia lata mitral valve, 1 with a Beall tricuspid prosthesis, 1 with a combined mitral homograft and Starr Edwards aortic prosthesis, and 1 with mitral and aortic frame-mounted fascia lata valves. There were no maternal deaths or thromboembolic complications in this group which included 5 patients who were in atrial fibrillation. Fifteen pregnancies in 14 women who received anticoagulants gave rise to 7 healthy babies. The fetal losses were one stillbirth, one intrauterine death at 34 weeks, and 3 spontaneous abortions; one surviving child has hydrocephalus as a result of blood clot and there were 2 maternal deaths. This group included 13 patients with Starr Edwards valves, 11 mitral and 2 aortic. A patient with a Hammersmith mitral valve was the only one to have been treated with heparin and her valve thrombosed. One patient with a mounted mitral homograft had a cerebral embolus. Nine of these patients were in atrial fibrillation. In 3 additional patients the valve replacement was carried out during pregnancy. Two of the patients survived operation. In one of these who was treated with warfarin the pregnancy well, but there is an increased fetal wastage in patients pregnancy gave rise to a congenitally malformed baby who died in the neonatal period. The baby born to the mother who did not receive anticoagulants has a hare-lip and talipes. Women with artificial valves can tolerate the haemodynamic load of pregnancy well, but there is an increased fetal wastage in patients taking oral anticoagulants. This is probably largely attributable to fetal haemorrhage but there is also a risk of malformation caused by a teratogenic effect of warfarin. Experience gained in non-pregnant patients suggests that withholding anticoagulatns in pregnant patients with prosthetic valves would usually be undersirable but warfarin should be avoided. The advantages of biological valves were apparent in this series.  (+info)

*  Recurrent miscarriage
... , habitual abortion, or recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is three or more consecutive pregnancy losses. ... Aneuploidy may be a cause of a random spontaneous as well as recurrent pregnancy loss. Aneuploidy is more common with advanced ...
*  Septic abortion
Eschenbach, D. (2015). "Treating spontaneous and induced septic abortions". Obstetrics and Gynecology. 125 (5). doi:10.1097/AOG ... If the septic abortion is not treated quickly and effectively, the woman may die. A septic abortion can occur when bacteria ... Eschenbach, D (2015). "Treating spontaneous and induced septic abortions". Obstetrics & Gynecology. 125 (5). doi:10.1097/AOG. ... Also, sexually transmitted infections (STI) such as chlamydia may cause septic abortion. The risk of a septic abortion is ...
*  Embryo
When this happens naturally, it is called spontaneous abortion or miscarriage. There are many reasons why this may occur. The ... "Miscarriage (Spontaneous Abortion)". MedicineNet.com. Archived from the original on 2004-08-29. Retrieved 2009-04-07. ... Abortion is the process of artificially (non-naturally) removing the embryo through deliberate pharmaceutical or surgical ... In species which produce multiple embryos at the same time, miscarriage or abortion of some embryos can provide the remaining ...
*  Dorothy Warburton
The epidemiology of human spontaneous abortion. The pathology of spontaneous abortion. Dorothy married fellow McGill graduate ... She completed her doctoral degree in 1961 where her work focused on the recurrence risk of spontaneous abortions. In 1964, ...
*  Miscarriage
Before the 1980s, health professionals used the phrase "spontaneous abortion" for a miscarriage and "induced abortion" for a ... Spontaneous abortion occurs in pregnant prairie voles when their mate is removed and they are exposed to a new male, an example ... In cows, spontaneous abortion may be caused by contagious disease, such as brucellosis or Campylobacter, but often can be ... Miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion and pregnancy loss, is the natural death of an embryo or fetus before it is ...
*  Diethylstilbestrol
15.5%; spontaneous abortion, 50.3% vs. 38.6%; preterm delivery, 53.3% vs. 17.8%; loss of second-trimester pregnancy, 16.4% vs. ...
*  Pre-eclampsia
Mattar R, Soares RV, Daher S (February 2005). "Sexual behavior and recurrent spontaneous abortion". International Journal of ...
*  Miscarriage and grief
The emotional responses to a spontaneous abortion (miscarriage) and an elective abortion are sometimes identical. Spanish women ... "Depressive disorder and grief following spontaneous abortion". BMC Psychiatry. 16. doi:10.1186/s12888-016-0812-y. ISSN 1471- ... "Acute and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder After Spontaneous Abortion". American Family Physician. 61 (6). ISSN 0002-838X. ... Pregnancy loss, including induced abortion is a risk factor for mental illness. The impact of miscarriage can be underestimated ...
*  Disinfection by-product
"Trihalomethanes in drinking water and spontaneous abortion". Epidemiology. 9 (2): 134-140. doi:10.1097/00001648-199803000-00006 ...
*  African swine fever virus
In pregnant sows, spontaneous abortions occur. In milder infections, affected pigs lose weight, becoming thin, and develop ...
*  Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome
This indicates that many cases of SLOS are undetected, and is likely due to either spontaneous abortion caused by severe ... nonsense mutations may simply result in spontaneous abortion. The IVS8-1G>C is the most frequently reported mutation in DHCR7. ... Amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling leave very little time to make this decision (abortions become more difficult as ...
*  Miscarriage risks
Nakhai-Pour HR, Broy P, Bérard A (2010). "Use of antidepressants during pregnancy and the risk of spontaneous abortion". ... Broy P, Bérard A (2010). "Gestational exposure to antidepressants and the risk of spontaneous abortion: A review". Current drug ... Vaiman, Daniel (2015). "Genetic regulation of recurrent spontaneous abortion in humans". Biomedical Journal. 38 (1): 11-24. doi ... "Incidence of Spontaneous Abortion among Normal Women and Insulin-Dependent Diabetic Women Whose Pregnancies Were Identified ...
*  Dalkon Shield
Cates W, Ory HW, Rochat RW, Tyler CW (1976). "The intrauterine device and deaths from spontaneous abortion". N. Engl. J. Med. ... In 1975 the CDC published a study associating the Dalkon Shield with a higher risk of spontaneous abortion-related death ... "CURRENT TRENDS IUD SAFETY: REPORT OF A NATIONWIDE PHYSICIAN SURVEY". Templeton JS (1974). "Letter: septic abortion and the ... but failed to detect the tendency of the device to cause septic abortion and other severe infections. In June 1973 the CDC ...
*  Asherman's syndrome
Adoni A, Palti Z, Milwidsky A, Dolberg M (1982). "The incidence of intrauterine adhesions following spontaneous abortion". Int ... "Intrauterine adhesions after conservative and surgical management of spontaneous abortion". J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc. 9 (2 ... Deaton JL, Maier D, Andreoli J (1989). "Spontaneous uterine rupture during pregnancy after treatment of Asherman's syndrome". ... abortion) to remove retained products of conception. The cavity of the uterus is lined by the endometrium. This lining is ...
*  Impact of Event Scale - Revised (IES-R)
"Acute and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder After Spontaneous Abortion". American Family Physician. 61 (6). ISSN 0002-838X. ... It has also been used to assess the presence and degree of trauma associated with miscarriage, induced abortion and other types ... Bellieni, Carlo V.; Buonocore, Giuseppe (2013). "Abortion and subsequent mental health: Review of the literature". Psychiatry ...
*  Maternal health
2011). Role of the infections in recurrent spontaneous abortion. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, 24, 983-989. ... Third, emergency obstetric care to address the major causes of maternal death which are haemorrhage, sepsis, unsafe abortion, ...
*  Occupational hazards in dentistry
Rowland AS, Baird DD, Shore DL, Weinberg CR, Savitz DA, Wilcox AJ (March 1995). "Nitrous oxide and spontaneous abortion in ... However, historical evidence suggests a potential increase in risk of spontaneous abortion amongst pregnant female dental ... Weak relationships exist between mercury and spontaneous abortion, congenital abnormalities and reduced fertility. ...
*  Nickel
Vaktskjold, A; Talykova, L. V; Chashchin, V. P; Odland, Jon Ø; Nieboer, E (2008). "Spontaneous abortions among nickel-exposed ...
*  Nickel(II) sulfate
Vaktskjold, A.; Talykova, L. V.; Chashchin, V. P.; Odland, J. O.; Nieboer, E. (2008). "Spontaneous abortions among nickel- ...
*  Smoking and pregnancy
"Cocaine and Tobacco Use and the Risk of Spontaneous Abortion". New England Journal of Medicine. 340 (5): 333-9. doi:10.1056/ ...
*  Nitrogen dioxide poisoning
al (2007). "The role of oxidative stress in spontaneous abortion and recurrent". Obstet Gynecol Surv. 62 (5): 335-47. doi: ... Nitrogen dioxide is often released into the environment as a byproduct of fuel combustion but rarely released by spontaneous ... 2011). "Sperm DNA damage & oxidative stress in recurrent spontaneous". Indian J. Med. Res. 133 (5): 550-551. PMC 3121290 . PMID ... spontaneous destruction of red blood cells). Acute and chronic exposure also reduces glutathione reductase, an enzyme that ...
*  Vertically transmitted infection
This can result in spontaneous abortion or major developmental disorders. For many infections, the baby is more at risk at ...
*  Complications of pregnancy
This can result in spontaneous abortion or major developmental disorders. For many infections, the baby is more at risk at ... Perineal tearing is the spontaneous (unintended) tearing of the skin and other soft tissue structures which, in women, separate ... and elective abortion. There is no clear distinction between complications of pregnancy and symptoms and discomforts of ...
*  Drugs in pregnancy
February 1999). "Cocaine and tobacco use and the risk of spontaneous abortion". N. Engl. J. Med. 340 (5): 333-9. doi:10.1056/ ...
*  Venlafaxine
Nakhai-Pour HR, Broy P, Bérard A (2010). "Use of antidepressants during pregnancy and the risk of spontaneous abortion". ... Broy P, Bérard A (2010). "Gestational exposure to antidepressants and the risk of spontaneous abortion: A review". Current drug ... "Predictors of spontaneous and systematically assessed suicidal adverse events in the treatment of SSRI-resistant depression in ...
*  Obstetric ultrasonography
1996). "The Length of the Cervix and the Risk of spontaneous Premature Delivery". New England Journal of Medicine. 334 (9): 567 ... though indications of other abnormalities can lead to a decision regarding abortion. Perhaps the most common such test uses a ...
*  Ibuprofen
"Use of non-aspirin NSAIDs during pregnancy may increase the risk of spontaneous abortion". Evidence-Based Nursing. 15 (3): 76-7 ... "Fetal exposure to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and spontaneous abortions". Canadian Medical Association Journal. 186 (5 ...
Socioeconomic position and the risk of spontaneous abortion: a study within the Danish National Birth Cohort | BMJ Open  Socioeconomic position and the risk of spontaneous abortion: a study within the Danish National Birth Cohort | BMJ Open
To study spontaneous abortion is difficult since a great part of spontaneous abortions happen very early in the pregnancy ... To study spontaneous abortion is difficult since a great part of spontaneous abortions happen very early in the pregnancy ... A total of 4062 pregnancies resulted in a spontaneous abortion. Of these, 2146 were first trimester spontaneous abortions and ... 12 Previous spontaneous abortion is associated with a 60% higher risk of spontaneous abortion,22 suggesting that women vary in ...
more infohttp://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/2/3/e001077
Tumor necrosis factor-α and oxidant status are essential participating factors in unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortions :...  Tumor necrosis factor-α and oxidant status are essential participating factors in unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortions :...
Keywords: antioxidant; free radicals; miscarriage; tumor necrosis factor-α; unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion ... Association of tumor necrosis factor-α gene promoter polymorphisms (-308G/A, -238G/A) with recurrent spontaneous abortion: a ... Tumor necrosis factor-α and oxidant status are essential participating factors in unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortions ... Tumor necrosis factor-α and oxidant status are essential participating factors in unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortions ...
more infohttps://www.degruyter.com/view/j/cclm.2007.45.issue-7/cclm.2007.138/cclm.2007.138.xml
Alteration of Th17 and Foxp3+ regulatory T cells in patients with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion before and after...  Alteration of Th17 and Foxp3+ regulatory T cells in patients with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion before and after...
Treg therapy contributed to successful pregnancy and reduced the rate of spontaneous abortion of abortion-prone mice (20). ... Alteration of Th17 and Foxp3+ regulatory T cells in patients with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion before and after ... two or more consecutive spontaneous miscarriages before the 20th week of gestation is defined as recurrent spontaneous abortion ... A SNP in pri-miR-10a is associated with recurrent spontaneous abortion in a Han-Chinese population. Oncotarget. 7:8208-8222. ...
more infohttps://spandidos-publications.com/etm/14/2/1114
Recurrent Miscarriage | Repeated Miscarriage | Miscarriage  Recurrent Miscarriage | Repeated Miscarriage | Miscarriage
Although the causes of recurrent miscarriage differ from the causes of spontaneous miscarriage, the symptoms remain the same ... Repeated two to three spontaneous pregnancy loss is termed as recurrent miscarriage. ... Chromosomal abnormalities have been implicated as a direct cause of spontaneous abortion wherein autosomal trisomy, polypliodi ... Also known as recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) and habitual abortion, it can have severe effect on the emotional state of the ...
more infohttp://www.onlymyhealth.com/what-recurrent-miscarriage-1315288072
Diagnosis of Septic Abortion with Point-of-care Ultrasound - The Western Journal of Emergency Medicine  Diagnosis of Septic Abortion with Point-of-care Ultrasound - The Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Spontaneous Rectus Sheath Hematoma. *. Most Read Posts. *Verbal De-escalation of the Agitated Patient: Consensus Statement of ... 1. Unsafe abortion - global and regional estimates of the incidence of unsafe abortion and associated mortality in 2008. 2011:1 ... Septic abortion is a life-threatening infection associated with unsafe abortion practices that is diagnosed clinically and ... Our ultrasound video demonstrates septic abortion-associated uterine free air, a novel finding that has yet to be discussed in ...
more infohttp://westjem.com/images-in-emergency-medicine/diagnosis-of-septic-abortion-with-point-of-care-ultrasound.html
Loratadine Abortion Spontaneous Side Effects  Loratadine Abortion Spontaneous Side Effects
View Abortion Spontaneous Loratadine side effect risks. Female, 32 years of age, weighting 152.1 lb, was diagnosed with ... Is Abortion Spontaneous a common side effect of Loratadine? ... Abortion Spontaneous This Abortion Spontaneous side effect was ... Loratadine Abortion Spontaneous Side Effect Reports. Home → Loratadine → Abortion Spontaneous The following Loratadine Abortion ... Abortion Spontaneous This Abortion Spontaneous Loratadine side effect was reported by a physician from DE on Aug 21, 2013. A ...
more infohttp://patientsville.com/loratadine/abortion-spontaneous.htm
NIOSHTIC-2  Publications Search - 20044604 - Spontaneous abortion in flight attendants.  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20044604 - Spontaneous abortion in flight attendants.
... disruption.We wanted to determine whether these and other occupational exposures were associated with spontaneous abortion ... Spontaneous abortion was associated with several flight attendant occupational exposures. This is the first report of these ... The risk of a first trimester spontaneous abortion was significantly increased with 15 h or more of flying during home base ... to suggest that cosmic radiation exposure of 0.1 mGy or more may be associated with increased risk of spontaneous abortion in ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/niosh/nioshtic-2/20044604.html
Management of Spontaneous Abortion - - American Family Physician  Management of Spontaneous Abortion - - American Family Physician
Spontaneous abortion can be subdivided into threatened abortion, inevitable abortion, incomplete abortion, missed abortion, ... complete abortion, and recurrent spontaneous abortion. Ultrasonography is helpful in the diagnosis of spontaneous abortion, but ... Women are at increased risk for significant depression and anxiety for up to one year after spontaneous abortion. Counseling to ... For women with incomplete spontaneous abortion, expectant management for up to two weeks usually is successful, and medical ...
more infohttps://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1243.html
Chlamydial Lower Genital Tract Infection and
Spontaneous Abortion  Chlamydial Lower Genital Tract Infection and Spontaneous Abortion
Results: The proportion of women with chlamydial infection was 3.8% among spontaneous abortion cases and 8.5% among controls. ... This study evaluated cervical C. trachomatis infections among 52 women experiencing spontaneous abortion and 59 controls. ... Chlamydial Lower Genital Tract Infection and Spontaneous Abortion. J. Sozio and R. B. Ness ... All women were followed up to 22 weeks of pregnancy to ascertain the outcome of spontaneous abortion. ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/idog/1998/154391/abs/
Spontaneous Abortion | Springer for Research & Development  Spontaneous Abortion | Springer for Research & Development
Sixteen British specialists pool their extensive knowledge of spontaneous abortion in one source. Their discussion is directly ... Sixteen British specialists pool their extensive knowledge of spontaneous abortion in one source. Their discussion is directly ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/book/10.1007%2F978-1-4471-1918-0
Spontaneous Abortions ! Symptoms and Psychological Effects  Spontaneous Abortions ! Symptoms and Psychological Effects
Threatened and Recurrent Spontaneous Abortions Spontaneous abortion, or miscarriage, refers to the unplanned evacuation of the ... Symptoms of Spontaneous Abortions Common symptoms of spontaneous abortion include severe, cramping abdominal pain that is often ... of all pregnancies end in spontaneous abortion. About 75% of all spontaneous abortions occur in the first trimester of ... are referred to as threatened abortion. This group will have an increased risk of spontaneous abortion, however, up to 40% of ...
more infohttp://www.health-care-information.org/diseases/abortions.htm
Oral Antifungal Fluconazole Linked to Spontaneous Abortion  Oral Antifungal Fluconazole Linked to Spontaneous Abortion
Among a group of 3315 women exposed to oral fluconazole between 7-22 weeks gestation, 147 experienced a spontaneous abortion. ... results did show a significantly increased risk of spontaneous abortion among women who took the oral drug. ... in JAMA is warning women that use of the oral antifungal medication fluconazole may increase the risk of spontaneous abortion ... in Copenhagen evaluated the association between oral fluconazole exposure during pregnancy and the risk of spontaneous abortion ...
more infohttps://www.growingyourbaby.com/oral-antifungal-fluconazole-linked-to-spontaneous-abortion/
Spontaneous Abortion and Termination of Pregnancy in Cats | petMD  Spontaneous Abortion and Termination of Pregnancy in Cats | petMD
Learn more about spontaneous abortion and termination of pregnancy in cats here. ... Cats can experience spontaneous abortions or miscarriages for a variety of medical reasons. ... If your cat has experienced a spontaneous abortion, the most common thing you may notice is abnormal vaginal bleeding; in some ... Conversely, it is also important to note that cats can experience spontaneous abortions or miscarriages for a variety of ...
more infohttps://www.petmd.com/cat/conditions/reproductive/c_ct_abortion_termination_of_pregnancy
Caffeine and caffeinated beverage consumption and risk of spontaneous abortion | RTI  Caffeine and caffeinated beverage consumption and risk of spontaneous abortion | RTI
Is caffeine and caffeinated beverage consumption associated with the risk of spontaneous abortion (SAB)? SUMMARY ANSWER: While ... STUDY QUESTION: Is caffeine and caffeinated beverage consumption associated with the risk of spontaneous abortion (SAB)? ... Caffeine and caffeinated beverage consumption and risk of spontaneous abortion. Human Reproduction, 30(5), 1246-1255. DOI: ...
more infohttps://www.rti.org/publication/caffeine-and-caffeinated-beverage-consumption-and-risk-spontaneous-abortion
Maternal caffeine consumption and spontaneous abortion: a prospective cohort study.  - PubMed - NCBI  Maternal caffeine consumption and spontaneous abortion: a prospective cohort study. - PubMed - NCBI
Maternal caffeine consumption and spontaneous abortion: a prospective cohort study.. Dlugosz L1, Belanger K, Hellenbrand K, ... Drinking , or = 3 cups of tea or coffee was associated with elevated risks of spontaneous abortion (adjusted odds ratio = 2.33 ... In this study, caffeine consumption is more strongly related to spontaneous abortion than alcohol or cigarette use in early ... We investigated the relation between caffeine beverage consumption and spontaneous abortion in 2,967 pregnant women planning to ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8728437?dopt=Abstract
Spontaneous Abortions & Horrific Births - THE BHOPAL MEDICAL APPEAL  Spontaneous Abortions & Horrific Births - THE BHOPAL MEDICAL APPEAL
Spontaneous Abortions & Horrific Births. Home / WHAT HAPPENED / Health Holocaust / Spontaneous Abortions & Horrific Births ...
more infohttp://bhopal.org/what-happened/health-holocaust/spontaneous-abortions/
Body Size and Risk of Spontaneous Abortion among Danish Pregnancy Planners | RTI  Body Size and Risk of Spontaneous Abortion among Danish Pregnancy Planners | RTI
BackgroundSeveral studies indicate that female obesity increases the risk of spontaneous abortion (SAB). Central adiposity, ... 2014). Body Size and Risk of Spontaneous Abortion among Danish Pregnancy Planners. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 28(5 ... BackgroundSeveral studies indicate that female obesity increases the risk of spontaneous abortion (SAB). Central adiposity, ...
more infohttps://www.rti.org/publication/body-size-and-risk-spontaneous-abortion-among-danish-pregnancy-planners
Use of oral antifungal medication during pregnancy, risk of spontaneous abortion | EurekAlert! Science News  Use of oral antifungal medication during pregnancy, risk of spontaneous abortion | EurekAlert! Science News
... of the oral antifungal medication fluconazole during pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of spontaneous abortion ... Among 3,315 women exposed to oral fluconazole from 7 through 22 weeks' gestation, 147 experienced a spontaneous abortion, ... Use of oral antifungal medication during pregnancy, risk of spontaneous abortion. The JAMA Network Journals ... 130 of 2,823 women exposed to fluconazole vs 118 of 2,823 exposed to topical azoles had a spontaneous abortion; 20 of 4,301 ...
more infohttps://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-01/tjnj-uoo010416.php
PRIME PubMed | Maternal caffeine consumption and spontaneous abortion: a prospective cohort stud  PRIME PubMed | Maternal caffeine consumption and spontaneous abortion: a prospective cohort stud
PubMed journal article Maternal caffeine consumption and spontaneous abortion: a prospective cohort stud were found in PRIME ... risk factors for spontaneous abortion.. *Caffeine consumption during pregnancy and association with late spontaneous abortion. ... Caffeinated beverages, decaffeinated coffee, and spontaneous abortion.. *Caffeine consumption during pregnancy and spontaneous ... Abortion, SpontaneousAdultCaffeineCausalityConnecticutCross-Sectional StudiesDose-Response Relationship, DrugFemaleHumans ...
more infohttps://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8728437/Maternal_caffeine_consumption_and_spontaneous_abortion:_a_prospective_cohort_study_
Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes of Patients with History of First-Trimester Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion  Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes of Patients with History of First-Trimester Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion
... Jing Yang,1 Yan Wang,1 ... Although a history of first-trimester recurrent spontaneous abortion (FRSA) is regarded as a risk factor in antenatal care, the ... and second-trimester abortion. Patients in the study group were more likely to suffer from placenta accreta, placenta increta, ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2017/4359424/abs/
Image Gallery : Menstrual Cycle Characteristics: Associations With Fertility and Spontaneous Abortion : Epidemiology  Image Gallery : Menstrual Cycle Characteristics: Associations With Fertility and Spontaneous Abortion : Epidemiology
Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy ...
more infohttp://journals.lww.com/epidem/pages/imagegallery.aspx?year=2006&issue=01000&article=00011
Miscarriage (Spontaneous Abortion) Causes and Dangers | Healthhype.com  Miscarriage (Spontaneous Abortion) Causes and Dangers | Healthhype.com
Causes of Spontaneous Abortion. There are certain causes, as well as risk factors, which may lead to a spontaneous abortion. ... Spontaneous abortion or miscarriage is the spontaneous termination of pregnancy before 20 weeks of gestation or delivery of a ... Types of Abortion. Threatened Abortion. In threatened abortion, the pregnancy may be at risk of being terminated but in more ... The terms threatened, inevitable, incomplete and complete abortion may be taken as four stages of spontaneous abortion or ...
more infohttps://www.healthhype.com/what-is-spontaneous-abortion-types-of-miscarriage-in-pregnancy.html
Recognized spontaneous abortion in mid-pregnancy and patterns of pregnancy alcohol use.  Recognized spontaneous abortion in mid-pregnancy and patterns of pregnancy alcohol use.
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is one potential risk factor for spontaneous abortion (SAb). Prior research suggested that ... Abortion, Spontaneous / epidemiology*, etiology. Adult. African Americans. Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*. Alcoholism / ... Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is one potential risk factor for spontaneous abortion (SAb). Prior research suggested that ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Recognized-spontaneous-abortion-in-mid/22440690.html
Study: Flu Shot Associated with Spontaneous Abortion in Pregnant Women  Study: Flu Shot Associated with Spontaneous Abortion in Pregnant Women
Association of spontaneous abortion with receipt of inactivated influenza vaccine containing H1N1pdm09 in 2010-11 and 2011-12. ... We sought to determine if receipt of vaccine containing pH1N1 was associated with spontaneous abortion (SAB). ... media reveals a clear association between the flu vaccine given to pregnant women every year and spontaneous abortion. The ...
more infohttp://healthimpactnews.com/2017/study-flu-shot-associated-with-spontaneous-abortion-in-pregnant-women/
  • The study enrolled 20 URSA patients who had at least two consecutive spontaneous miscarriages that occurred before 20 weeks gestation and had no chromosomal, anatomic, endocrine dysfunctions, or infections of the reproductive tract. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • Reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione reductase (GSH-R), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), nitric oxide (NO), malondialdehyde (MDA) and TNF-α were assayed in women suffering unexplained first-trimester abortions. (degruyter.com)
  • Impaired antioxidant defense and an increase in oxidative reactive species may be responsible for recurrent abortion due to possible damage produced by their generation. (degruyter.com)
  • After adjustment for potentially confounding factors, there was no substantial difference in the rate of chlamydial infection between women with and without spontaneous abortion (odds ratio 1.8, 95% confidence interval 0.3-10.7). (hindawi.com)
  • A comparison of fetal-loss reports in the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) during three consecutive influenza seasons shows there was a synergistic toxicity causing spontaneous abortions (SAB) and stiillbirths (SB) following the Center for Disease Control (CDC) recommendations of pandemic and influenza vaccines administered to pregnant women. (whale.to)
  • This study evaluated cervical C. trachomatis infections among 52 women experiencing spontaneous abortion and 59 controls. (hindawi.com)
  • A completed abortion is clinically diagnosed when all products of conception (POC) are expelled, the uterus is contracted, and the cervical os is closed [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • In pregnancies of greater than 12-week gestation, the POC, including fetal membranes and fetal or placental tissue, may be retained in the vagina or cervical os, resulting in an incomplete abortion [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Cervical evaluation alone has been found to be unreliable in distinguishing between complete and incomplete abortion. (hindawi.com)
  • In October 2010, Moro et al summarized that during 19 influenza seasons (1990/91 through 2008/09) there were a total of 17 spontaneous abortion (SAB) and 6 stillbirth (SB) reports following TIV in VAERS database. (whale.to)
  • Location: UNITED KINGDOM , 39 years of age, patient began experiencing various side effects, including: Directly after treatment started, patient experienced the unwanted or unexpected Loratadine side effects: maternal exposure during pregnancy, abortion spontaneous. (patientsville.com)
  • Maternal caffeine consumption and spontaneous abortion: a prospective cohort study. (nih.gov)
  • TY - JOUR T1 - Maternal caffeine consumption and spontaneous abortion: a prospective cohort study. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Third, emergency obstetric care to address the major causes of maternal death which are haemorrhage, sepsis, unsafe abortion, hypertensive disorders and obstructed labour. (wikipedia.org)
  • We investigated the relation between caffeine beverage consumption and spontaneous abortion in 2,967 pregnant women planning to deliver at Yale-New Haven Hospital in 1988-1992. (nih.gov)
  • A new study published this month and actually making news in the corporate-sponsored "mainstream" media reveals a clear association between the flu vaccine given to pregnant women every year and spontaneous abortion. (healthimpactnews.com)
  • In addition to vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy (which may be more severe than that seen in threatened abortion), low back pain and severe abdominal cramps are more likely to be present. (healthhype.com)
  • In an incomplete abortion, there is usually persistent and severe vaginal bleeding with abdominal cramps. (healthhype.com)
  • Initial reports in the medical literature raised questions about whether its efficacy in preventing pregnancy and expulsion rate were as good as those claimed by the manufacturer, but failed to detect the tendency of the device to cause septic abortion and other severe infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Exposure to electromagnetic fields of cell phones increasingly occurs, but the potential influence on spontaneous abortion has not been thoroughly investigated. (stopumts.nl)
  • Nitrogen dioxide is often released into the environment as a byproduct of fuel combustion but rarely released by spontaneous combustion. (wikipedia.org)
  • For placental outcomes, the incidence of placenta-mediated pregnancy complications (PMPC) in the study group increased in terms of late-onset preeclampsia, oligohydramnios, early-onset fetal growth restriction, and second-trimester abortion. (hindawi.com)
  • The paper titled "Anti-GBM of Pregnancy: Acute Renal Failure Resolved after Spontaneous Abortion, Plasma Exchange, Hemodialysis, and Steroids" [ 1 ], published in Case Reports in Nephrology, has been retracted as it was submitted for publication without the knowledge and approval of all the other coauthors. (hindawi.com)