Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)
Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.
Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.
Illegal termination of pregnancy.
Abortion induced to save the life or health of a pregnant woman. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Individuals requesting induced abortions.
The retention in the UTERUS of a dead FETUS two months or more after its DEATH.
Any type of abortion, induced or spontaneous, that is associated with infection of the UTERUS and its appendages. It is characterized by FEVER, uterine tenderness, and foul discharge.
Three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions.
UTERINE BLEEDING from a GESTATION of less than 20 weeks without any CERVICAL DILATATION. It is characterized by vaginal bleeding, lower back discomfort, or midline pelvic cramping and a risk factor for MISCARRIAGE.
Chemical substances that interrupt pregnancy after implantation.
Premature loss of PREGNANCY in which not all the products of CONCEPTION have been expelled.
A mammalian fetus expelled by INDUCED ABORTION or SPONTANEOUS ABORTION.
Steroidal compounds with abortifacient activity.
Abortion performed because of possible fetal defects.
A synthetic analog of natural prostaglandin E1. It produces a dose-related inhibition of gastric acid and pepsin secretion, and enhances mucosal resistance to injury. It is an effective anti-ulcer agent and also has oxytocic properties.
Non-steroidal chemical compounds with abortifacient activity.
Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.
Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.
Aspiration of the contents of the uterus with a vacuum curette.
The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.
Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.
Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.
Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.
Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.
A person who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded.
Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.
The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.
Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
The state or condition of being a human individual accorded moral and/or legal rights. Criteria to be used to determine this status are subject to debate, and range from the requirement of simply being a human organism to such requirements as that the individual be self-aware and capable of rational thought and moral agency.
A progestational and glucocorticoid hormone antagonist. Its inhibition of progesterone induces bleeding during the luteal phase and in early pregnancy by releasing endogenous prostaglandins from the endometrium or decidua. As a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist, the drug has been used to treat hypercortisolism in patients with nonpituitary CUSHING SYNDROME.
Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.
Reproductive rights rest on the recognition of the basic right of all couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing and timing of their children and to have the information and means to do so, and the right to attain the highest standard of sexual and reproductive health. They also include the right of all to make decisions concerning reproduction free of discrimination, coercion and violence.
The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.
Dilatation of the cervix uteri followed by a scraping of the endometrium with a curette.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
The point at which religious ensoulment or PERSONHOOD is considered to begin.
The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.
A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Its species are parasitic in dogs, cattle, goats, and sheep, among others. N. caninum, a species that mainly infects dogs, is intracellular in neural and other cells of the body, multiplies by endodyogeny, has no parasitophorous vacuole, and has numerous rhoptries. It is known to cause lesions in many tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord as well as abortion in the expectant mother.
The three approximately equal periods of a normal human PREGNANCY. Each trimester is about three months or 13 to 14 weeks in duration depending on the designation of the first day of gestation.
Reporting to parents or guardians about care to be provided to a minor (MINORS).
Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.
Devices that diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.
The state that distinguishes organisms from inorganic matter, manifested by growth, metabolism, reproduction, and adaptation. It includes the course of existence, the sum of experiences, the mode of existing, or the fact of being. Over the centuries inquiries into the nature of life have crossed the boundaries from philosophy to biology, forensic medicine, anthropology, etc., in creative as well as scientific literature. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
The state of birth outside of wedlock. It may refer to the offspring or the parents.
The kind of action or activity proper to the judiciary, particularly its responsibility for decision making.
Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA.
A potentially life-threatening condition in which EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs outside the cavity of the UTERUS. Most ectopic pregnancies (>96%) occur in the FALLOPIAN TUBES, known as TUBAL PREGNANCY. They can be in other locations, such as UTERINE CERVIX; OVARY; and abdominal cavity (PREGNANCY, ABDOMINAL).
Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.
The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.
Pathological processes or abnormal functions of the PLACENTA.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the physiology and disorders primarily of the female genital tract, as well as female endocrinology and reproductive physiology.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.
The science or philosophy of law. Also, the application of the principles of law and justice to health and medicine.
Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.
A genus of the family CHLAMYDIACEAE comprising gram-negative non CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS-like species infecting vertebrates. Chlamydophila do not produce detectable quantities of glycogen. The type species is CHLAMYDOPHILA PSITTACI.
The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.
Maternal deaths resulting from complications of pregnancy and childbirth in a given population.
The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
Decisions made by the United States Supreme Court.
Diseases of domestic and wild horses of the species Equus caballus.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with management and care of women during pregnancy, parturition, and the puerperium.
A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).
Administration of a soluble dosage form by placement under the tongue.
The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.
Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Diseases of the domestic or wild goat of the genus Capra.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
The fundamental dispositions and traits of humans. (Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).
The cognitive and affective processes which constitute an internalized moral governor over an individual's moral conduct.
The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.
A hole or break through the wall of the UTERUS, usually made by the placement of an instrument or INTRAUTERINE DEVICES.
Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.
The insertion of drugs into the vagina to treat local infections, neoplasms, or to induce labor. The dosage forms may include medicated pessaries, irrigation fluids, and suppositories.
The physical condition of human reproductive systems.
The disintegration and assimilation of the dead FETUS in the UTERUS at any stage after the completion of organogenesis which, in humans, is after the 9th week of GESTATION. It does not include embryo resorption (see EMBRYO LOSS).
The philosophy or code pertaining to what is ideal in human character and conduct. Also, the field of study dealing with the principles of morality.
Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.
Trophoblastic hyperplasia associated with normal gestation, or molar pregnancy. It is characterized by the swelling of the CHORIONIC VILLI and elevated human CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN. Hydatidiform moles or molar pregnancy may be categorized as complete or partial based on their gross morphology, histopathology, and karyotype.
Congenital abnormalities caused by medicinal substances or drugs of abuse given to or taken by the mother, or to which she is inadvertently exposed during the manufacture of such substances. The concept excludes abnormalities resulting from exposure to non-medicinal chemicals in the environment.
A genus of CHLAMYDOPHILA infecting primarily birds. It contains eight known serovars, some of which infect more than one type of host, including humans.
Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
The care and treatment of a convalescent patient, especially that of a patient after surgery.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.

Reproductive factors and fatal hip fractures. A Norwegian prospective study of 63,000 women. (1/1455)

STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of reproductive variables (age at menarche, menopause, first and last birth as well as parity, lactation, and abortions) on hip fracture mortality. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective study in Norway with more than 60,000 women followed up for 29 years. A total of 465 deaths as a result of hip fracture were recorded. MAIN RESULTS: Statistically significant linear relations (p < or = 0.02) were found between both age at menarche and length of reproductive period (defined as age at menopause to age at menarche) and the mortality of hip fractures in women aged less than 80. The death rate for women with a late menarche (> or = 17 years) was twice that of the women with relatively early menarche (< or = 13 years). Compared with women with less than 30 years between menopause and menarche, the mortality rate ratio in women with more than 38 reproductive years was 0.5. We also found an inverse relation with age at first birth. CONCLUSIONS: This study supports by hypothesis that an early menarche and a long reproductive period protect against hip fracture mortality. High age at first birth may also be protective.  (+info)

Endocrine biomarkers of early fetal loss in cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis) following exposure to dioxin. (2/1455)

This study examines the endocrine alterations associated with early fetal loss (EFL) induced by an environmental toxin, TCDD (2,3,7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin), in the cynomolgus macaque, a well-documented reproductive/developmental model for humans. Females were administered single doses of 1, 2, and 4 microgram/kg TCDD (n = 4 per dose group) on gestational day (GD) 12. Urinary estrogen metabolites (estrone conjugates) were monitored to establish the day of ovulation, and serum hormones (estradiol, progesterone, chorionic gonadotropin, relaxin) were measured to assess ovarian and placental endocrine status before and after treatment. EFL occurred between GDs 22 and 32 in 10 of the 12 animals treated with TCDD. The primary endocrine alterations associated with TCDD treatment were significant decreases in serum estradiol and bioactive chorionic gonadotropin concentrations (p < 0.02). Less pronounced decreases in serum progesterone (p = 0.10) and relaxin (p < 0.08) also followed TCDD treatment. In contrast, immunoreactive chorionic gonadotropin concentrations were not reduced by TCDD exposure at any level, indicating that TCDD targets specific components of the chorionic gonadotropin synthesis machinery within the trophoblast to alter the functional capacity of the hormone. These data demonstrate the value of endocrine biomarkers in identifying a toxic exposure to primate pregnancy many days before direct signs of reproductive toxicity were apparent. The increased EFL that occurred after exposure to TCDD might reflect a toxic response initially mediated via endocrine imbalance, leading to placental insufficiency, compromised embryonic circulation, and subsequent EFL.  (+info)

Outcome of pregnancy in women with congenital shunt lesions. (3/1455)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of pregnancy in women with congenital shunt lesions. SETTING: Retrospective study in a tertiary care centre. METHODS: Pregnancy history was obtained by a standardised questionnaire and medical records were reviewed. PATIENTS: 175 women were identified, at a mean (SD) age of 42 (14) years. Pregnancies occurred in 126 women: 50 with an atrial septal defect, 22 with a ventricular septal defect, 22 with an atrioventricular septal defect, 19 with tetralogy of Fallot, and 13 with other complex shunt lesions. RESULTS: 309 pregnancies were reported by 126 woman (2.5 (1.6) pregnancies per woman). The shortening fraction of the systemic ventricle was 40 (8)%, and 98% were in New York Heart Association class I-II at last follow up. Spontaneous abortions occurred in 17% of pregnancies (abortion rate, 0.4 (0.9) per woman). Gestational age of the 241 newborn infants was 8.8 (0.8) months. There were no maternal deaths related to pregnancy. Pre-eclampsia and embolic events were observed in 1.3% and 0.6%, respectively of all pregnancies. Women with complex shunt lesions more often underwent caesarean section (70% v 15-30%, p = 0.005) and gave birth to smaller babies for equivalent gestation (2577 (671) g v 3016 (572) to 3207 (610) g, p < 0.05). The recurrence risk of congenital heart disease was 2.5%. CONCLUSIONS: The outcome of pregnancy is favourable in women with congenital shunt lesions if their functional class and their systolic ventricular function are good. Such patients can be reassured.  (+info)

Pregnancy after atrial repair for transposition of the great arteries. (4/1455)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk of pregnancy in patients with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) who have undergone atrial repair. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis (1962-94) of 342 TGA patients who underwent atrial repair. Of 231 known late survivors, 48 were women over 18 years old who were interviewed about possible reproductive plans and previous pregnancies. As a control, comparison was made with data of 57 500 women (mean age 26 years) obtained from the Swiss Statistical Bank in Bern. RESULTS: Mean follow up was 13.7 years; 66% remained asymptomatic, 29% had mild to moderate cardiac symptoms, and 5% suffered from severe cardiac symptoms (New York Heart Association grade III-IV). Thirty six of the 48 women wished to bear children and, to date, there have been 10 live births, two spontaneous first trimester abortions, and one induced abortion at 16 weeks. During pregnancy there was one case of cardiac deterioration and two cases of pneumonia. There was no evidence of congenital heart disease in the children. CONCLUSIONS: In this relatively small series the completion of pregnancy in women with TGA who had undergone atrial repair and who had normal functional cardiac status was uncomplicated  (+info)

A new lethal syndrome of exomphalos, short limbs, and macrogonadism. (5/1455)

We report a new lethal multiple congenital abnormality (MCA) syndrome of exomphalos, short limbs, nuchal web, macrogonadism, and facial dysmorphism in seven fetuses (six males and one female) belonging to three unrelated families. X rays showed enlarged and irregular metaphyses with a heterogeneous pattern of mineralisation of the long bones. Pathological examination showed adrenal cytomegaly, hyperplasia of Leydig cells, ovarian stroma cells, and Langherans cells, and renal microcysts. We suggest that this condition is a new autosomal recessive MCA syndrome different from Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, especially as no infracytogenetic deletion or uniparental disomy of chromosome 11 was found.  (+info)

Preimplantation diagnosis by fluorescence in situ hybridization using 13-, 16-, 18-, 21-, 22-, X-, and Y-chromosome probes. (6/1455)

PURPOSE: Our purpose was to select the proper chromosomes for preimplantation diagnosis based on aneuploidy distribution in abortuses and to carry out a feasibility study of preimplantation diagnosis for embryos using multiple-probe fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) on the selected chromosomes of biopsied blastomeres. METHODS: After determining the frequency distribution of aneuploidy found in abortuses, seven chromosomes were selected for FISH probes. Blastomeres were obtained from 33 abnormal or excess embryos. The chromosome complements of both the biopsied blastomeres and the remaining sibling blastomeres in each embryo were determined by FISH and compared to evaluate their preimplantation diagnostic potential. RESULTS: Chromosomes (16, 22, X, Y) and (13, 18, 21) were selected on the basis of the high aneuploid prevalence in abortuses for the former group and the presence of trisomy in the newborn for the latter. Thirty-six (72%) of 50 blastomeres gave signals to permit a diagnosis. Diagnoses made from biopsied blastomeres were consistent with the diagnoses made from the remaining sibling blastomeres in 18 embryos. In only 2 of 20 cases did the biopsied blastomere diagnosis and the embryo diagnosis not match. CONCLUSIONS: If FISH of biopsied blastomere was successful, a preimplantation diagnosis could be made with 10% error. When a combination of chromosome-13, -16, -18, -21, -22, -X, and -Y probes was used, up to 65% of the embryos destined to be aborted could be detected.  (+info)

Effect of pelvic endometrial implants on overall reproductive functions of female rats. (7/1455)

The effects of pelvic endometrial implants on the overall reproductive potential of female rats were investigated. After homologous transplantation in the peritoneum, the ectopic endometrium developed into highly vascularized nodes that gradually increased in mass until the 9th week postsurgery and then plateaued. In the presence of these implants, overall reproductive function was adversely affected. The effect was of greatest magnitude during 50-70 days posttransplantation. As compared with values in corresponding controls, ovulation was reduced by 43% (6 of 14) (p < 0.05), mating rate was reduced by 44% (12 of 27) (p < 0.025), and premature termination of pregnancy occurred in 34% (5 of 15) of rats. Wastage of pregnancy, which included complete termination or reduction of fetal number, occurred during the postimplantation course of gestation. Furthermore, 100% of the rats with transplants failed to respond to the copulomimetic stimulation for the induction of pseudopregnancy (p < 0.01, compared with corresponding controls). However, on exposure to vasectomized males, 46% (6 of 13) of these rats exhibited development of pseudopregnancy (p < 0.05, compared with corresponding group receiving copulomimetic stimulation). Increased rate of mating failure and differential pseudopregnancy rates after copulomimetic and natural cervical stimulation suggest that the rats with endometrial explants possibly had an absence or a short appearance of behavioral estrus. Hormonal assessment during the preovulatory phase showed a tendency toward lower mean levels of preovulatory estradiol and significantly lower LH (p < 0.01) and progesterone (p < 0.01) concentrations. The adversely affected reproductive functions may be a secondary consequence of these altered endocrine milieus.  (+info)

Pregnancy in patients after valve replacement. (8/1455)

This report is based on information obtained from a questionnaire sent to major cardiac centres in the United Kingdom. This produced details of 39 pregnancies in 34 patients after valve replacement. The 39 pregnancies gave rise to 30 healthy babies. The small size of the series probably reflects both the increasing rarity of young women with rheumatic heart disease in this country and the cautious attitude of their cardiologists. This makes it likely that these women represented the best end of the spectrum of cardiac function after valve replacement. Twenty-four pregnancies in 20 women who were not given anticoagulants producted 23 healthy babies and 1 spontaneous abortion. This group comprised 6 patients with free aortic homografts, 1 patient with a fascia lata mitral valve, 1 with a Beall tricuspid prosthesis, 1 with a combined mitral homograft and Starr Edwards aortic prosthesis, and 1 with mitral and aortic frame-mounted fascia lata valves. There were no maternal deaths or thromboembolic complications in this group which included 5 patients who were in atrial fibrillation. Fifteen pregnancies in 14 women who received anticoagulants gave rise to 7 healthy babies. The fetal losses were one stillbirth, one intrauterine death at 34 weeks, and 3 spontaneous abortions; one surviving child has hydrocephalus as a result of blood clot and there were 2 maternal deaths. This group included 13 patients with Starr Edwards valves, 11 mitral and 2 aortic. A patient with a Hammersmith mitral valve was the only one to have been treated with heparin and her valve thrombosed. One patient with a mounted mitral homograft had a cerebral embolus. Nine of these patients were in atrial fibrillation. In 3 additional patients the valve replacement was carried out during pregnancy. Two of the patients survived operation. In one of these who was treated with warfarin the pregnancy well, but there is an increased fetal wastage in patients pregnancy gave rise to a congenitally malformed baby who died in the neonatal period. The baby born to the mother who did not receive anticoagulants has a hare-lip and talipes. Women with artificial valves can tolerate the haemodynamic load of pregnancy well, but there is an increased fetal wastage in patients taking oral anticoagulants. This is probably largely attributable to fetal haemorrhage but there is also a risk of malformation caused by a teratogenic effect of warfarin. Experience gained in non-pregnant patients suggests that withholding anticoagulatns in pregnant patients with prosthetic valves would usually be undersirable but warfarin should be avoided. The advantages of biological valves were apparent in this series.  (+info)

This study, based on data from all 89 829 women in the DNBC, displayed a social pattern in the risk of spontaneous abortion. Educational level and income were inversely associated with the risk of spontaneous abortion.. Apart from maternal age, no lifestyle risk factors for spontaneous abortion are well established and few studies have examined the association between socioeconomic position and risk of spontaneous abortion. A few previous studies have reported an association between socioeconomic position and spontaneous abortion7-10 when socioeconomic position was measured by educational level and labour market attachment, and others found no such association.11-14 There are several possible explanations for this. Some studies are small with a diminished possibility of detecting a smaller association. Furthermore, two of these studies adjust for earlier spontaneous abortion in their analyses.11 ,12 Previous spontaneous abortion is associated with a 60% higher risk of spontaneous abortion,22 ...
Decidual macrophages (DM) are the second most abundant population in the fetal-maternal interface. Their role has been so far identified as being local immuno-modulators favoring the maternal tolerance to the fetus. Herein we investigated tissue samples from 11 cases of spontaneous miscarriages and from 9 cases of elective terminations of pregnancy. Using immunohistochemistry and dual immunofluorescence we have demonstrated that in spontaneous miscarriages the DM are significantly increased. Additionally, we noted a significant up-regulation of macrophage FasL expression. Our results further support a dual role for DM during pregnancy and miscarriages. We hypothesize that the baseline DM population in normal pregnancy is in line with an M2 phenotype supporting the ongoing gestation. In contrast, during spontaneous miscarriages, the increased FasL-expressing population could be a part of an M1 phenotype participating in Fas/FasL-related apoptosis. Our results highlight a new aspect of macrophage biology
We found no important associations between exposure to NSAIDs, either by group or for most specific NSAID drugs, and risk of spontaneous abortion. However, we found an increased risk of spontaneous abortion following exposure to indomethacin. We believe that this result is possibly due to reverse causation bias. Indomethacin is a well-known tocolytic drug indicated to treat preterm labour.29 Half of the exposures to indomethacin occurred after the median day of pregnancies that ended in spontaneous abortion. Moreover, the median exposure day for indomethacin was significantly higher than the median exposure day for other NSAIDs. Therefore, we assume that indomethacin was dispensed toward the end of pregnancy for an indication - likely preterm labour - different than for other NSAIDs. We found no association after omitting exposures that occurred during the 4 days before spontaneous abortion.. We found an unadjusted increased risk of spontaneous abortion following exposure to COX-2 selective ...
Early miscarriage reasons - How to diagnose reason for early miscarriage? How can we prevent early miscarriage? Not always possible. Most early miscarriages are due to pregnancies that are chromosomal abnormal and miscarry for a reason. If you have 2 or more miscarriages your fertility specialist or obgyn can do a work up to look for preventable causes.
Spontaneous abortion in the first trimester occurs in up to 20 percent of recognized pregnancies. However, the actual prevalence may be even higher, as many women are treated outside of a hospital setting or are unaware of the pregnancy. For the past 50 years, surgical evacuation by dilatation and curettage (D&C) has been the primary treatment of spontaneous abortion. This procedure is generally considered safe, but complications such as infection, bleeding, uterine perforation and decreased fertility occur in up to 10 percent of women. Recent studies have questioned the need for routine D&C, suggesting that expectant or medical management might be more appropriate. Geyman and colleagues performed a pooled quantitative literature evaluation to compare the outcomes of medical, surgical and expectant management of first trimester spontaneous abortions.. The literature search included MEDLINE citations on spontaneous abortion from 1966 to 1998, along with additional studies listed in the Cochrane ...
Some common antibiotics used during early pregnancy could double the risk of miscarriage, according to a new study by the University of Montreal in Canada, published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.. The researchers found a link between the use of macrolides, quinolones, tetracyclines, and some other common antibiotics in early pregnancy and an increased risk of miscarriage.. Miscarriage is defined as the spontaneous loss of a fetus before 20 weeks of pregnancy.. Over half of all miscarriages are caused by abnormalities in the chromosomes of the fetus. Other important factors that may raise the risk of miscarriage include diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome, obesity and infection.. Antibiotics are widely used during pregnancy to help treat infection, but studies assessing their safety have produced conflicting results, the researchers stressed. We aimed to quantify the association between exposure to antibiotics during pregnancy and the risk of spontaneous abortion, taking into ...
We examined whether exercise during pregnancy is associated with chromosomally normal spontaneous abortion. We hypothesized that associations would be confined to chromosomally normal losses since only these can be influenced appreciably by experiences during pregnancy. The study population comprises women with chromosomally normal (N = 173) and aberrant (N = 173) losses. Women who exercised during pregnancy had a lower risk of a chromosomally normal spontaneous abortion (OR 0.6; 95% CI 0.3-0.9). Other types of physical activity had little effect.
Results: The cohort included 65 457 women who conceived during the study period; of these, 58 949 (90.1%) were admitted for a birth and 6508 (9.9%) for spontaneous abortion. A total of 4495 (6.9%) pregnant women were exposed to NSAIDs during the study period. Exposure to NSAIDs was not an independent risk factor for spontaneous abortion (nonselective cyclooxygenase [COX] inhibitors: adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1.10, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.99-1.22; selective COX-2 inhibitors: adjusted HR 1.43, 95% CI 0.79-2.59). There was no increased risk for specific NSAID drugs, except for a significantly increased risk with exposure to indomethacin (adjusted HR 2.8, 95% CI 1.70-4.69). We found no dose-response effect. ...
Question - Have whitish mucus discharge from vagina. Period came late. Early miscarriage chances?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Early miscarriage, Ask an OBGYN, Gynecologic Oncology
Miscarriage is the term used for pregnancy that ends by itself, within the first 20 weeks of gestation. Normally stillbirth refers to pregnancy loss after 20 weeks. Miscarriage is the most common type of pregnancy loss, according to the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Approximately 15% of all pregnancies end in miscarriage. Most miscarriages occur during the first 13 weeks of pregnancy, and many go unnoticed, due to the fact that some woman do not realize they are pregnant. Pregnancy can be such an exciting time, but with the great number of miscarriages that occur, it is beneficial to be informed on miscarriage, in the unfortunate event that you find yourself or someone you know faced with one. The following is a quick overview of some of the inside facts on miscarriage. For more detailed information, it is best to check with a physician specializing in Obstetrics and Gynecology.. ...
Babymed.com articles & information about miscarriage for mothers, expecting mothers, and soon to be expecting mothers. A miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a pregnancy also known as a spontaneous abortion. A miscarriage is a pregnancy that ends on its own, usually during the first 10-12 weeks of the pregnancy, and up to the 20th pregnancy week. Up to 50% of all pregnancies and 20-30% of diagnosed pregnancies will end in miscarriage.The majority of miscarriages occur so early in pregnancy, shortly after implantation, that many women did not realize that they were pregnant. . Many of these women didnt even know that they were pregnant. Most miscarriages are due to a chromosomal abnormality (a damaged egg or sperm), and the older a woman is the more likely a miscarriage will happen. Only few miscarriages happen because of hormonal problems, trauma, improper implantation, exposure to toxic substances, radiation, substance abuse, or severe malnourishment.
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A study in the August 25 New England Journal of Medicine examined the use of the drug Misoprostol (normally used for stomach conditions) compared to vacuum aspiration for early miscarriage. 652 women with 1st trimester miscarriage were assigned to either the drug (491 women) or the surgical procedure (161 women), and followed for whether expulsion was complete at a certain number of days after treatment. 84% of women were sucessfully treated with the drug, and 97% were successfully treated with aspiration. Women receiving the drug were more likely to experience reduced hemoglobin, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. However, 83% of women receiving Misoprostol would recommend the drug (compared to 83% for aspiration) and 78% would use the treatment again (compared to 75% for aspiration ...
The most common risk factors: The number of times youve been pregnant also affects your risk of miscarriage. Women who have had two or more pregnancies are at greater risk. Your risk of miscarriage increases if youve had three or more miscarriages in the past. Caffeine. Daily consumption of caffeine may also cause miscarriage. Some prenatal genetic tests, such as chronic villas sampling and amniocentesis, carry with them an increased risk of miscarriage. Older women are more likely to conceive babies with chromosomal abnormalities, and to miscarry them as a result. In fact, 40-year-olds are about twice as likely to miscarry as 20-year-olds. Women who have had two or more miscarriages in a row are more likely than other women to miscarry again. Certain chronic diseases or disorders like diabetes, certain inherited blood clotting disorders, certain autoimmune disorders and certain hormonal disorders may also lead to miscarriage. Uterine or cervical problems: Having certain uterine abnormalities ...
Miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion and pregnancy loss, is the natural death of an embryo or fetus before it is able to survive independently. Some use the cutoff of 20 weeks of gestation after which fetal death is known as a stillbirth. The most common symptoms of a miscarriage is vaginal bleeding. This may occur with or without pain. Tissue or clot like material may also come out the vagina. Sadness, anxiety, and guilt may also occur. ...
Pregnancy-associated mortality after birth, spontaneous abortion, or induced abortion in Finland, 1987-2000. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2004;190(2):422-427.
Study of most early spontaneous abortions resulting from medical problems reveals abnormal conceptuses. More than 50% of all known spontaneous abortions result from chromosomal abnormalities. The higher incidence of early abortions in older women probably results from the increasing frequency of nondisjunction during oogenesis (see Chapter 2). It has been estimated that from 30% to 50% of all zygotes never develop into blastocysts and implant. Failure of blastocysts to implant may result from a poorly developed endometrium; however, in many cases, there are probably lethal chromosomal abnormalities in the embryo. There is a higher incidence of spontaneous abortion of fetuses with neural tube defects, cleft lip, and cleft palate ...
It has been known for a long time that progesterone is decreased during the first trimester of pregnancy in patients who have spontaneous abortions. It has also been thought that the placenta takes over the production of progesterone during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. This study shows that the level of progesterone in first and second trimester spontaneous abortions, are indeed statistically decreased. In fact, this observation supports the structure of the study conducted at the Pope Paul VI Institute.. However, a decrease in progesterone production, presumably by the placenta, during the second and third trimester of pregnancy in a variety of different pregnancy-related complications and previous pregnancy historical events was also observed. This suggests that the role of progesterone as an indication of placental function may be more significant than what had been previously appreciated and is especially important into the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. This ...
Thinking about pregnancy after miscarriage? You might be feeling anxious or confused about what caused your miscarriage and when to conceive again. Heres help understanding pregnancy after miscarriage, and the steps you can take to promote a healthy pregnancy.. Miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a pregnancy before the 20th week. Many miscarriages occur because the fetus isnt developing normally. Problems with the babys chromosomes are responsible for about 50 percent of early pregnancy loss. Most of these chromosome problems occur by chance as the embryo divides and grows - not because of problems inherited from the parents. Sometimes a health condition, such as poorly controlled diabetes or a uterine problem, might lead to miscarriage. Often, however, the cause of miscarriage isnt known.. About 10 to 20 percent of known pregnancies end in miscarriage. The total number of actual miscarriages is probably higher because many women miscarry before they even know that theyre ...
Loss And Longing - A Health Feature On Miscarriages | Health | Life Forums | November 2010 | emel - the muslim lifestyle magazine - is a vibrant and dynamic lifestyle magazine with an ethical and progressive outlook that has a Muslim focus; there is no other magazine like it.
Many women experience miscarriage every year. Every fourth woman who has given birth reports that she has previous experience of miscarriage. In a study of all women in the Swedish Medical Birth Register 1983-2003, we found that the number of cases of self reported miscarriage had increased in Sweden during this 21 year period. This increase can be explained by the introduction of sensitive pregnancy tests around 1990, as well as an increase in the mean age of the mothers, by approximately 3 years, during the observation period. The risk of miscarriage is 13% with the first child. With subsequent pregnancies, the risk of miscarriage is 8%, 6% and 4% with the second, third and fourth child, respectively.. Thirteen of these women who had suffered a recent miscarriage were interviewed four months later, and their feelings of guilt and emptiness were explored. Their experience was that they wanted their questions to be answered, and that they wanted others to treat them as the mothers to be that ...
The objective of this study was to examine the possible relationships between spontaneous abortion and caffeine, tobacco and alcohol intake in a well-controlled group of hospital workers. A retrospective cohort study design including 711 women, 20 to 41 years old, was used. All data regarding the purpose of this study were extracted from...
Pregnant women who received certain vaccines for 2 consecutive influenza seasons may have increased risk for spontaneous abortion.
A CDC-funded medical study being published by the medical journal Vaccine has confirmed a shocking link between flu shots and spontaneous abortions in pregnant women. The study was rejected by two previous medical journals before Vaccine agreed to publish it, further underscoring the tendency for medical journals to censor any science that doesnt agree with their pro-vaccine narratives ...
ICD-10 CM Code O03.1 Delayed or excessive hemorrhage following incomplete spontaneous abortion. Search for ICD-10 CM codes using natural diagnosis language now!
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(Reuters Health) - A new study may offer women one more reason to kick the smoking habit before becoming pregnant: a potentially reduced risk of early miscarriage.
Scientists report that a common gene variant may be linked to both early pregnancy loss and failed in-vitro fertilization (IVF) treatments
Studies have shown that a majority of pregnancies that end in miscarriage are due to a chromosome abnormality usually involving a duplicated or missing chromosome. Often this happens by chance and is not likely to occur in future pregnancies. For many women, a miscarriage can be a traumatic experience and can cause feelings of loss and grief. The option of genetic testing, such as karyotyping, may offer an explanation for the miscarriage and may help some women find closure in their loss. However, no literature exists on a womens experience with genetic testing following a miscarriage. This assumption that the knowledge that can be gained from karyotyping may be a positive experience for a woman following a miscarriage should be studied and the results published. This study will address whether routine karyotyping should be offered following a miscarriage for the purpose of benefiting the patients experience ...
Important strengths of our study include the population based design, the prospective collection of the data, and the availability of information from the womans own birth record. Limitations include likely under ascertainment of early miscarriages. The patient register captures only miscarriages that led to a consultation with specialist healthcare services. Women who had contact only with their general practitioner are therefore not in the patient register. However, in Norway, most women who recognise a miscarriage are likely to receive care from a specialist as these will be able to provide ultrasound confirmation on the pregnancy status. All prenatal care in Norway is free of charge and available to all women in the country. Births to Norwegians outside Norway are not registered in the birth register. For some women we therefore lacked information on the outcome of the womans previous pregnancy. Also, for women born outside Norway, her own birth record was not in the register, and we did ...
Im going to start this page with the important point that there are very few miscarriages that are preventable. Well over half of all miscarriages are caused by random genetic problems in the baby that could not be avoided.. When a miscarriage is occurring, there is no magic way to stop it from happening.. Remember that bleeding happens in 60 percent of all pregnancies, but only 10% end in miscarriage. Call your doctor, but think carefully if you want to go to the ER. Quite often you will only be turned away.. If a miscarriage is indeed happening, by the time you begin bleeding, the baby has almost always already died. This is a frustrating and terrible situation to be in, and when it happens to you, you will initially have no idea that it is so common. Before your research is done, though, you will find that one out of every 10 pregnancies ends in miscarriage, and that one in every four women will have one at some point in her reproductive years.. An important section to read if you are sure ...
Mifepristone is a tablet which is used for aborting a child. There are women who chose to go for a medical procedure rather than opting for some surgery. Termination of child means abortion where the child is been aborted with the will of the lady. Abortion where the lady is unaware about it and does not occur out of the will of the lady is said to be a spontaneous abortion or as very famously known by people by Miscarriage. Miscarriages occur on their own that is because of some issues with the pregnancy of the lady she faces a miscarriage in her life. Miscarriages are also termed as unwanted abortions. They sometimes puts the lady into stress or depression as people generally have a lot of dreams and hopes attached to the pregnancy of the lady which seems to be heartbreaking once the child is aborted. People should take a good care of themselves while facing a pregnancy period in their life as anything wrong done to health can cause the negative effect to the child who in turn leads to either ...
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Yeast Infection Drug May Raise Miscarriage Threat Get information and evaluates on prescription drugs, over the counter medications, v
The M.A. was involved in a partnership to decide which areas were the highest priority for miscarriage research. Read a summary of results.
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When youre undergoing treatment for infertility it can be difficult to put your fears to rest. After all, youve already experienced the frustration and heartache caused by roadblocks youve encountered along your journey to having a baby. You surely dont want to come so far, only to find out theres a serious threat to your future baby.. If your personal experience includes difficulties and doubt due to genetic or chromosomal conditions, you may be hesitant to pursue pregnancy because of the risks. Especially when more than 80% of all first trimester miscarriages are caused by genetic/chromosomal abnormalities. The potential loss can be too much for some individuals, or couples, to bear.. With the advances being made in reproductive health and solutions to aid in your fertility, there are ways to help ensure the health of your future baby through embryo testing. For those undergoing IVF, who have reason to be concerned about the viability of their embryos, embryo testing is a sure way to put ...
Most miscarriages are random events caused by chromosomal abnormalities in the fertilized egg - usually because the egg or sperm had the wrong number of chromosomes, preventing normal development. Other causes of miscarriage include an egg that does not implant properly or an embryo with structural defects. In some cases, chromosomal problems in the fertilized egg can lead to a blighted ovum - a situation where the placenta and gestational sac begin to develop, but the embryo either fails to develop or stops before there is a heartbeat. Once the heart has started beating, the chances of miscarrying drop dramatically. A miscarriage can happen to any woman, but there are some factors known to increase the chances. Increasing age (in both the mother and the father) increases the odds of miscarriage. Certain diseases such as lupus, poorly controlled diabetes, and some hormonal disorders can increase the risk. Problems with the uterus or cervix and a family history of certain genetic problems can ...
Of popular adult ``vices``-alcohol, coffee and cigarettes-the most dangerous for pregnant women is cigarettes, according to a recent Canadian study.Dr. Alison McDonald, professor of medicine and
Health,Women under stress are thrice as likely to miscarry during the first t...Cortisol is a hormone that is released in response to stress. Ur...It has been established from previous studies that 31 to 89% of ...Among the study participants aged between 18 and 34 years the i...Maybe increased cortisol is understood by the body as a cue tha...,Early,Miscarriage,Common,In,Women,Under,Stress,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
On my most recent visit at 14 weeks, Dr Susan Logan, the consultant rotated to me that day, went through my long medical history and blood test results (all clear with extremely low risk for Downs). Afterwards, I asked if I would be getting the Doppler to check on my baby. Sure! Just prop yourself on the table, she said. I climbed up onto the exam table and laid down, preparing to listen to that all familiar heartbeat.. A fetuss heartbeat rate is roughly twice as fast or more of its mothers heartbeat rate in a calm state. Dr Logan put on her gloves and applied some ultrasound gel before moving the Doppler around my belly. Some static was heard, then some gurgling sounds (stomach acid), and a heartbeat. Thats your heartbeat, she declared, moving the Doppler again in an attempt to detect a significantly faster one. Nope, thats still yours.. At this point, I was slightly worried - could it be that something happened to the fetus? Two women in my WhatsApp group had lost their babies on ...
in reply: We appreciate Dr. Kaufmans concerns regarding the anticipatory guidance that women receive about the treatment for a miscarriage. Extensive literature exists on the pain associated with the first-trimester aspiration procedure.1,2 Many authors conclude that the psychological state of the woman has the greatest influence on her perception of pain. As we point out in our article, patient preference about treatment choice is paramount. The article focuses on strategies that an office-based family physician can offer for management of miscarriage. However, after receiving accurate counseling regarding all aspects of the procedure (including logistics, timing, pain control, and cost), if the patient prefers a hospital-based procedure to expectant or medical management, or an office-based procedure, her preference should be honored.. We find that with this counseling nearly all women elect to stay within the family medicine office because this allows them to have a support person of their ...
Miscarriage (also known as spontaneous abortion) is the sudden loss of a pregnancy within 20 weeks of gestation. Doctors for miscarriage, book appointments.
The annual flu vaccine is the most dangerous vaccine in the market today, a fact that is not in dispute. The most recent report from the Department of Justice
A positive spin on Miscarriage. The Reassurer shows you the odds of miscarriage and birth based on pregnancy length and maternal history.
A positive spin on Miscarriage. The Reassurer shows you the odds of miscarriage and birth based on pregnancy length and maternal history.
This study investigated the association between the risk for spontaneous abortions and the job type of female semiconductor workers to assess their reproductive health. The risk for spontaneous abortion for female semiconductor workers was not significantly higher for FAB and PKG workers than for clerical workers according to their job held longest. However, when the analysis was stratified for the year of conception, we found significantly higher odds for spontaneous abortions (OR 2.21, 95% CI: 1.01-4.81) in PKG workers than clerical workers when the pregnancy occurred prior to 2008.. In this study, the spontaneous abortion rates for FAB and PKG workers were 12.6% and 14.5%, respectively; these were higher than the rate of 11.1% found in clerical workers. These spontaneous abortion rates for female workers involved in semiconductor production were higher than the spontaneous abortion rate of 11.1% reported for Korean domestic 15- to 44-year-old married women [18]. In 1988, Pastides et al. first ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - HLA-sharing, recurrent spontaneous abortion, and the genetic hypothesis. AU - Hedrick, P. W.. PY - 1988. Y1 - 1988. N2 - A number of studies indicates that there is a high sharing of HLA antigens in couples having recurrent spontaneous abortions. The genetic hypothesis to explain this phenomenon suggests that this fetal loss results from homozygosity of recessive lethal or deleterious alleles in gametic disequilibrium with HLA antigens. Theory predicting the lethality rate is derived when antigens are shared at one, two or three loci, given that the disequilibrium is absolute. In addition, the effects of partial disequilibrium, inbreeding, and segregation distortion on the lethal proportion are examined.. AB - A number of studies indicates that there is a high sharing of HLA antigens in couples having recurrent spontaneous abortions. The genetic hypothesis to explain this phenomenon suggests that this fetal loss results from homozygosity of recessive lethal or deleterious alleles ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Polymorphisms in the fibrinolytic pathway genes and the risk of recurrent spontaneous abortion. AU - Andraweera, Prabha H.. AU - Dekker, Gustaaf A.. AU - Thompson, Steven D.. AU - Nowak, Rachael C.. AU - Jayasekara, Rohan W.. AU - Dissanayake, Vajira H.W.. AU - Roberts, Claire T.. PY - 2014/12/1. Y1 - 2014/12/1. N2 - Impaired fibrinolytic activity is implicated in the pathogenesis of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). This case-control study assessed the prevalence of polymorphisms in fibrinolytic system genes in RSA. Cases comprised 202 Sinhalese women who had experienced at least two first-trimester spontaneous abortions and had no living children; controls were 202 women with no history of spontaneous abortion and two or more living children. The groups were matched for age and ethnicity. DNA was genotyped using the Sequenom MassARRAY system. The PLAUR rs4251923 A (OR 95% CI 2.3 [1.3 to 4.0]), SERBP2 rs6098 A (OR 95% CI 1.4 [1.1 to 1.9]) and SERBP2 rs6103 C alleles (OR 95% ...
1. Rai R, Regan L. Recurrent miscarriage. Lancet. 2006;368:601-11 2. Dukhovny S, Zutshi P, Abbott JF. Recurrent second trimester pregnancy loss: evaluation and management. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2009;16:451-8 3. Li TC, Makris M, Tomsu M, Tuckerman E, Laird S. Recurrent miscarriage: aetiology, management and prognosis. Hum Reprod Update. 2002;8:463-81 4. Krieg SA, Fan X, Hong Y, Sang QX, Giaccia A, Westphal LM. et al. Global alteration in gene expression profiles of deciduas from women with idiopathic recurrent pregnancy loss. Molecular human reproduction. 2012;18:442-50 5. Pang L, Wei Z, Li O, Huang R, Qin J, Chen H. et al. An increase in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF soluble receptor-1 (sFlt-1) are associated with early recurrent spontaneous abortion. PLoS One. 2013;8:e75759 6. Pandey MK, Rani R, Agrawal S. An update in recurrent spontaneous abortion. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2005;272:95-108 7. Hamilton TA, Zhao C, Pavicic PG Jr, Datta S. Myeloid colony-stimulating ...
Objectives The objective of the study was to determine whether female veterinarians have an increased risk of spontaneous abortion and whether the potential risk is related to the type of work veterinarians do.. Methods The investigation was a retrospective cohort study among all the female members of the Finnish Veterinary Association (N=549). Information on pregnancies was obtained from hospital records from 1973-1990. The risk of spontaneous abortion among the veterinarians was compared with that of all other Finnish women and other upper-level employees. Odds ratios from logistic regression analyses were used as the estimates of the risk ratios.. Results The risk of spontaneous abortion was 10.5% for the veterinarians. In the 1970s, practicing veterinarians had an increased risk of spontaneous abortion as compared with other Finnish women (adjusted odds ratio 1.8, 95% confidence interval 1.0-3.1) or other upper-level employees (adjusted odds ratio 2.0, 95% confidence interval 1.1-3.4). In ...
Background: Many factors have been implicated in the pathogenesis of unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA). The current study was conducted to determine the possible role of antioxidant status and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in URSA.. Methods: Reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione reductase (GSH-R), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), nitric oxide (NO), malondialdehyde (MDA) and TNF-α were assayed in women suffering unexplained first-trimester abortions. Two groups were included, the first represented by 24 women with URSA (number of abortions 3-5) and the second included 16 women with URSA (number of abortions ,5). The control group included 20 women within their first trimester of pregnancy and 20 non-pregnant healthy females within their follicular phase.. Results: We observed that the antioxidant levels measured were significantly lower in URSA groups than in the control group (p,0.05 for each comparison). Higher TNF-α, MDA and NO ...
Read HLA‐G polymorphisms in couples with recurrent spontaneous abortions, Tissue Antigens on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Flow cytometric and cytogenetic analyses in human spontaneous abortions. AU - De Vita, Raffaele. AU - Calugi, Alberto. AU - Cavallo, Delia. AU - Eleuteri, Patrizia. AU - Vizzone, Antonio. PY - 1993/6. Y1 - 1993/6. N2 - Cytogenetic and flow cytometric analyses were performed on 38 human spontaneous abortions in an attempt to obtain information on karyotype abnormalities and to compare the two approaches of analysis. In 19 cases, it was not possible to perform cytogenetic analysis because too long a time had passed between surgical sampling and cell culture, and in vitro culture failed. Of the 19 cases analyzed, 10/19 showed a normal karyotype and 5/19 showed a single trisomy (2/5 trisomies involved chromosome 16, 1/5 trisomy involved chromosome 18, 1/5 trisomy involved chromosome 20, and 1/5 was Klinefelter syndrome). Of the remaining 4/19 cases, 2/19 showed a polyploid condition (1 tetraploidy and 1 triploidy), 1/19 a double trisomy (chromosomes 13 and 21), and 1/19 a pentasomy ...
Abstract: Pregnancy outcome was studied in a county in Norway 3 years prior to and 3 years subsequent to the Chernobyl nuclear plant accident on 26th April 1986. More detailed analyses have been performed for the 12 months prior to and subsequent to the accident. A significant increase in the spontaneous abortion rate the first year after the accident was followed by a slight decrease during the second and third years, but figures were still higher than the period prior to the accident. the rate of legal abortions was unchanged. During the entire observation period the number of births increased continuously, with the exception of a decrease in the last 2 months of 1986 and the first month of 1987. A higher incidence of spontaneous abortions was found for pregnancies conceived during the first 3 months after the accident. This increase in the spontaneous abortion rate is noteworthy, and more especially its long-term persistence, which cannot be the result of external radiation. the internal ...
Group B streptococcus (GBS) infection of the hip in otherwise healthy adults is a rare entity that is previously only reported following peripartum gynaecological procedure and instrumentation. We report a case of infection of the hip with GBS following spontaneous abortion. Delay in identification of infection as the cause of pain ultimately leads to irreversible joint destruction. This case report will heighten the awareness of the first contact providers as well as orthopaedic surgeons to be more vigilant for possible septic complications associated with gynaecological procedures/complications and subsequent painful joints. To our knowledge, this is the only case report showing association of GBS infection in hip associated with spontaneous abortion. ...
Question - Multiple urine pregnancy tests showing positive. Having light bleeding. Early miscarriage?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Early miscarriage, Ask an OBGYN, Maternal and Fetal Medicine
Miscarriage is the most common complication of pregnancy. The reported rate of pregnancy loss in women with a missed menstrual period and positive urine pregnancy test is 12-24%.1 The true rate of miscarriage is probably higher because many losses occur preclinically, before a menstrual period is missed.2. About 125 000 miscarriages occur annually in the United Kingdom, resulting in 42 000 hospital admissions.3 Although miscarriages mostly resolve spontaneously without treatment and rarely cause severe maternal morbidity, the burden of disease is considerable, owing to the high incidence and associated costs of diagnostic investigations, hospital admission, surgical treatment, and follow-up. The loss of a pregnancy is often distressing for women and their partners, with adverse effects on their social and psychological wellbeing.. Reported UK maternal mortality rates after miscarriage in the period 1985 to 2008 range from 0.05 to 0.22 per 100 000 maternities.4 The most common causes of death ...
Repeated two to three spontaneous pregnancy loss is termed as recurrent miscarriage. Although the causes of recurrent miscarriage differ from the causes of spontaneous miscarriage, the symptoms remain the same like in most miscarriages.
abortion is the processing stage in termination of pregnancy. There are the two method of abortion: Spontaneous Abortion and Induced Abortion.
Abortion is a termination of pregnancy that can be either spontaneous or induced. Spontaneous abortions are often called miscarriages. Induced abortion artificially ends the pregnant and, depending on how far the pregnancy has advanced, determines the method used.. The most commonly performed induced abortion procedure is the suction D and C (dilation and curettage) method. It is performed up to 12 weeks of pregnancy and sometimes up to 14 weeks. After that, a D and E (dilation and evacuation) abortion is usually performed. Abortions done after 20 weeks are usually done by some type of chemical to induce labor early, either with prostaglandin or a poisonous salt solution.. Does an abortion Hurt?. Yes it hurts because dilating the cervix or the neck of the womb, has to be done causing cramping pain. Usually medication is given to help relieve this but the patient is usually awake. A local anesthetic is injected into the cervix to numb it up. This helps some.. Is there much bleeding?. Bleeding ...
Recurrent miscarriage, habitual abortion, or recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is three or more consecutive pregnancy losses. Infertility differs because it is the inability to conceive. In many cases the cause of RPL is unknown. After three or more losses, a thorough evaluation is recommended by American Society of Reproductive Medicine. About 1% of couples trying to have children are affected by recurrent miscarriage. There are various causes for recurrent miscarriage, and some can be treated. Some couples never have a cause identified, often after extensive investigations. About 50-75% of cases of Recurrent Miscarriage are unexplained. Fifteen percent of women who have experienced three or more recurring miscarriages have some anatomical reason for the inability to complete the pregnancy. The structure of the uterus has an effect on the ability to carry a child to term. Anatomical differences are common and can be congenital. In the second trimester a weak cervix can become a recurrent problem. ...
Approximately, 1 out of 4 women will experience an early miscarriage in their reproductive life. Despite the burden of early miscarriage, there is a lack of information regarding trends in incidence rates of hospitalisations and type of management of early miscarriage, but also about the morbidities associated to hospitalisations of early miscarriage. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to explore national trends in incidence rates of hospital admissions for early miscarriage in the Republic of Ireland from January of 2005 to December of 2016, and to estimate morbidity associated with blood transfusion and length of stay over 2 days. This is a retrospective population-based study using the Hospital In-Patient Enquiry (HIPE). The HIPE is a computer-based system designed to collect demographic, clinical and administrative data on discharges and deaths in the Republic of Ireland. However data from the emergency department and outpatient settings are not available. Over this period of time ...
by APFLI , Oct 31, 2012 , Studies - RU486 / Chemical Abortion / Maternal Mortality. This 2012 MOUSE study from China shows that chemical abortion mifepristone (RU-486) adversely affects the female reproductive system. Overall, mice that experienced 2 previous medical/chemical abortions had spontaneous abortions (miscarriages) in subsequent pregnancies; repeated medical/chemical abortion affected the expression of metabolic genes in the livers of living offspring; abortion decreased sperm motility in the first generation male offspring; and finally, medical/chemical abortion caused reduced reproductive capacity, caused placental dysfunction, and reduced the expression of protein-making genes needed in pregnancy metabolism. It should be noted that no spontaneous abortions (miscarriages) were observed in the control groups of mice. http://www.plosone.org/article/fetchObject.action?uri=info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0048384&representation=PDF Abstract Aim: In this study, we aimed to establish a ...
by APFLI , Oct 31, 2012 , Studies - RU486 / Chemical Abortion / Maternal Mortality. This 2012 MOUSE study from China shows that chemical abortion mifepristone (RU-486) adversely affects the female reproductive system. Overall, mice that experienced 2 previous medical/chemical abortions had spontaneous abortions (miscarriages) in subsequent pregnancies; repeated medical/chemical abortion affected the expression of metabolic genes in the livers of living offspring; abortion decreased sperm motility in the first generation male offspring; and finally, medical/chemical abortion caused reduced reproductive capacity, caused placental dysfunction, and reduced the expression of protein-making genes needed in pregnancy metabolism. It should be noted that no spontaneous abortions (miscarriages) were observed in the control groups of mice. http://www.plosone.org/article/fetchObject.action?uri=info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0048384&representation=PDF Abstract Aim: In this study, we aimed to establish a ...
Th17 cells and Treg cells are recently discovered lymphocyte subsets, that are different from Th1 and Th2. Th17 cells are associated with chronic inflammation through the secretion of the inflammatory cytokines IL-17A (also known as IL-17), IL-17F, IL-6, IL-21, IL-22 and TNF-α, which play a major role in the development of organ transplant rejection (11,12). Normal pregnancy is similar to an allograft. Nakashima et al found that there were lower levels of Th17 cells in the peripheral blood of normal pregnant women (13). Recent studies reported that the proportions and concentrations of Th17 cells in the peripheral blood were increased in pregnant women with URSA than when compared to normal pregnant and non-pregnant women (6). This association correlated with the secretion of other inflammatory cytokines (14). To study the expression of IL-17 in women that have undergone abortion, we suggested that the activation of IL-17 could increase the expression of NF-κB, thereby reducing the number of ...
There were 578 miscarriages with chromosome results. Of the subjects, 18% were obese at the time of miscarriage. The mean maternal age at miscarriage was similar between the obese and nonobese groups. Due to the high rate of maternal cell contamination in the prior miscarriages, only subsequent miscarriages with chromosome results were included in the primary analysis. Of the 117 subsequent miscarriages, the frequency of an euploid miscarriage among obese women was 58% compared with 37% of nonobese women (relative risk = 1.63; 95% confidence interval 1.08-2.47).. Conclusion(s): ...
In an analysis of approximately 1.4 million pregnancies in Denmark, use of the oral antifungal medication fluconazole during pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of spontaneous abortion compared with risk among unexposed women and women who used a topical antifungal during pregnancy, according to a study in the Jan. 5 issue of JAMA.
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If a woman experiences miscarriages for more than two or three times, the condition is termed as recurrent miscarriages. Recurrent loss of pregnancy (RPL), habitual abortion or recurrent miscarriage is defined as the loss of pregnancy before the fetus is 20 weeks old. Besides being a medical issue, it is also a serious disturbing psychological condition. This condition can make the woman depressed and tremendously drained of hope. However, it may be of some relief that most women who have experienced recurrent miscarriages go on to become happy mothers under medical supervision. The chance of a woman with a history of recurrent miscarriages to have a baby is a good 60%, especially if the reason of the miscarriage cannot be concluded. About half the cases of recurrent miscarriages go without the cause being ascertained by doctors.. ...
Principal Investigator:JUJI Takeo, Project Period (FY):1989 - 1990, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for General Scientific Research (A), Research Field:Obstetrics and gynecology
Next article in issue: Should We Re-Examine the Status of Lymphocyte Alloimmunization Therapy for Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion? Next article in issue: Should We Re-Examine the Status of Lymphocyte Alloimmunization Therapy for Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion? ...
Objective: The aim of this study was to apply Swansons Middle Range Caring Theory to the follow-up visit with a midwife for Swedish women who have suffered early miscarriage or received care for late missed miscarriage in preg-nancy week 18-20. Methods: Twenty-five tape recorded interviews with women four weeks after their early miscarriages and thirteen tape recorded semi-structured interviews with midwives and nurses who had the experience of caring for women who have been diagnosed with a missed miscarriage during a routine ultrasound scan. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and interpreted deductively from the text using the theory. Results: Each woman described her personal experience of miscarriage in the relative terms of a human experience. The midwives and nurses described their experiences with women who received care for missed miscarriage. The interviews included information about the treatment provided by the caregivers during the period afterward of the diagnosis. The caregiver
1. Frank, et.al., Induced Abortion Operations and Their Early Sequelae, Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners 35(73):175-180, April 1985; Grimes and Cates, Abortion: Methods and Complications, in Human Reproduction, 2nd ed., 796-813; M.A. Freedman, Comparison of complication rates in first trimester abortions performed by physician assistants and physicians, Am. J. Public Health 76(5):550-554, 1986).. 2. Strahan, T. Detrimental Effects of Abortion: An Annotated Bibliography with Commentary (Springfield, IL: Acorn Books, 2002) 168-206.. 3. H.L. Howe, et al., Early Abortion and Breast Cancer Risk Among Women Under Age 40, International Journal of Epidemiology 18(2):300- 304, 1989; L.I. Remennick, Induced Abortion as A Cancer Risk Factor: A Review of Epidemiological Evidence, Journal of Epidemiological Community Health 1990; M.C. Pike, Oral Contraceptive Use and Early Abortion as Risk Factors for Breast Cancer in Young Women, British Journal of Cancer 43:72, 1981; M-G, ...
Can PCOS contribute to a miscarriage?. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has been shown to increase the rate of miscarriage in natural conceptions. By using infertility treatment to balance your hormones, the probability of miscarriage can be reduced.. What are the chances of getting pregnant after a miscarriage?. Your chances will vary. If you have been trying for over 6 to 12 months without success, you should consider infertility treatment. If you have had two or more consecutive miscarriages, you should go through a complete work-up to evaluate recurrent pregnancy loss. A high percentage of women who have had two miscarriages go on to conceive successfully.. Does the probability of having another miscarriage go up after one miscarriage?. Having one miscarriage does not necessarily mean you will have another one. The risk may be there but many causes can be overcome successfully with modern infertility treatment at leading fertility clinics, such as Pacific Reproductive Center in Los ...
No aspect of the immunology of pregnancy is more controversial than the subject of recurrent pregnancy loss, or, as it will be called here, recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSAb). Nor is there any...
Among women who are aware of their pregnancy, the rate of spontaneous abortion-or miscarriage-is 15 to 20% and typically occurs during the first 7 weeks. Despite these troubling statistics, the cause of recurrent spontaneous abortion remains elusive. Now, a new study by Tavakoli et al. on the effects of vitamin D during early pregnancy may shed light on a new approach to the evaluation and management of women who suffer repeated miscarriages.. Researchers have identified several mechanisms behind spontaneous abortions, such as anatomical uterine abnormalities or the presence of specific maternal antibodies. However, women who do not display these conditions also struggle with recurrent and unexplained miscarriage, leaving this subset of infertility patients with few explanations and options. Attention has recently turned to the endometrial lining as a cause, specifically the interface between the early embryo and the cells programmed to assist in implantation. The authors examined the role that ...
There has been a steady decline in abortions since 1980.. • Each year, about 1.7% of all women aged 15-44 have an abortion. • Of the women obtaining abortions in any given year, about half of them have had at least one previous abortion.. • By age 45, one third of American women will have had at least one abortion, although this figure is now in dispute and may be much lower.. • Some 1.06 million abortions were performed in 2011, down from 1.21 million abortions in 2008, a decline of 13%.. • The U.S. abortion rate in 2011 was 13.9 abortions per 1,000, down from 19.4 per 1,000 in 2008.. • 88.7% of all abortions take place by the twelfth week of pregnancy.. • 12% of abortions in the U.S. occurred in teenagers. ...
Abortion refers to stoppage of pregnancy within 28 weeks and with the weight of the fetus less than 1000g. Abortion occurring within 12 weeks after pregnancy is called early abortion, while abortion occurring from 12 weeks to 28 weeks is known as late abortion. Abortion may be either natural or artificial. The incidence of abortion is 10%-18%, most of which is early abortion.
Semantic Scholar extracted view of Recurrent early pregnancy loss and genetic-related disturbances in folate and homocysteine metabolism. by Willianne L D M Nelen et al.
Dr. Rajni Wadhwa. Termination of pregnancy before the period of viability which is 20th week or foetus weighing less than 500 gm is termed as abortion. Miscarriage is synonymous with abortion.. Causes of abortion. Infection - Viral infections such as rubella, cytomegalic virus, hepatitis virus causes death and expulsion of the foetus. Parasitic infections like malaria and protozoal infections like Toxoplasmosi may produce abortion in early pregnancy. Abortion may be precipitated by high fever.. Respiratory disease, heart failure, severe anemia, severe gastroenteritis are other important factors causing abortion. < Chronic illness like high blood pressure, chronic kidney diseases and other long standing wasting diseases can lead to abortion. Endocrine factors - An increase association of abortion is found in thyroid disorders and diabetes mellitus. Trauma - Direct trauma on the abdominal wall by bow or fall r other operative trauma may be related to abortion. Congenital malformation of the ...
That jolt of Joe in the morning might not be the best thing for you if you are pregnant. A recent study proved that caffeine increases the risk of miscarriage in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy.
Recurrent First Trimester Miscarriages. It is a surprise for many women to discover how common miscarriage actually is. More than one in five pregnancies ends in a miscarriage. When you conceive and a baby is created, it takes half its genes from the sperm and half from the egg that ovulated that month. At the exact time of conception, the cross-over of these genes takes place. But for many different reasons this complex process sometimes goes wrong and sadly the pregnancy miscarries.. A miscarriage of pregnancy can shatter dreams. While an individuals reaction to a pregnancy loss vary, most couples find the experience deeply distressing. For too many women and their partners, their distress is made worse by a lack of understanding amongst those around them.. It is also natural that they want an explanation from their doctors of what has gone wrong. The investigation and diagnosis for miscarriage however is not always straightforward and this can add to the parents anxiety.. We know that some ...
One of the most difficult aspects of reproductive medicine is the management of recurrent pregnancy loss. Recurrent pregnancy loss is one of the most emotionally devastating challenges facing couples who want to grow their family. For many couples, risk factors that increase the chances of experiencing a loss can be identified and treated. For other couples, however, a definitive cause is never identified.
Thirty-two women experienced recurrent spontaneous abortion (Table I.) Ultrasonographic finding of the 32 pregnancy losses included 15 (47%) empty embryonic gestational sacs or blighted ova and 17 (53%) intrauterine deaths after establishment of cardiac activity in the first trimester of pregnancy. Eight of the blighted ova occurred in women receiving IVIg and 17 in those receiving placebo. Of 17 intrauterine embryonic deaths, 3 (18%) occurred in women receiving IVIg and 14 (82%) in women receiving placebo. Among the 11 pregnancy losses occurring in women receiving IVIg, 8 (73%) were blighted ova, and 3 (27%) were intrauterine embryonic deaths. Twenty-one pregnancy losses occurred in women receiving placebo; 7 (33%) were blighted ova, and 14 (67%) were intrauterine embryonic deaths. The difference in intrauterine embryonic deaths between women receiving IVIg and placebo was significant (P,0.004, odds ratio 0.1). Complications. No reactions to study medications occurred. One infant was born with ...
If you have not had a D&C done, you may still feel pregnant until your hormones return to pre-pregnancy level. You may still feel pregnant for a few days to a week after you miscarry. Emotionally it may take longer to stop feeling pregnant. If you continue to have pregnancy symptoms you should talk to your doctor.. Two ways that doctors diagnose miscarriage are by checking quantitative beta-HCG levels and by doing an ultrasound. In early pregnancy beta-HCG levels should double every two to three days. One blood test is not enough to determine miscarriage. Your doctor may order two to three beta-HCG tests to see if your levels are rising appropriately. Even if they are rising slowly there is cause for concern. Slow rising HCG levels usually result in miscarriage or can be a sign of an ectopic pregnancy. Another way doctors diagnose miscarriage is by doing an ultrasound. Your doctor will look for a viable fetus and check your measurements to see if they are consistent with your due date. Your ...
Decidual Cast Miscarriage The miscarriage is a condition in which the fetus is pass out of body at the early stage of pregnancy i. A woman will generally ovulate two to four weeks after a miscarriage, with a normal menstrual period occurring two weeks after ovulation, says Dr. Miscarriage Blood Clot Pictures by Pregnancy Weeks. Index Share. I had no symptoms of miscarriage, no cramping, no bleeding. I had a natural miscarriage in May 2010 at 11 weeks and a d/c in november 2010 at 9weeks. 20 Sep 2018- Stillborn babies, stillborn babies pictures, photos in loving memory baby loss ,our infants did exist if only for a short moment keeping their memories alive. The Edge radio host reveals miscarriage trauma. Your uploaded photos will appear here until they are carried into the folders above, to be held with babies of the same age. That our little man is going to be a big brother. I feel so overwhelmingly grateful that I am able to go on trips like this because of you guys!! So excited to share all ...
Abortion is the termination and removal of a fetus or an embryo before it can live on its own. Abortions are normally done when one is not ready for the baby or the pregnancy was not planned for. Adult abortion has been legalized in the US and therefore it has reduced death rates among mothers and women who were at risk of procuring an abortion. This is because most women would go through backdoor means to have the pregnancy terminated. Most doctors in this field were less skilled and would use the wrong methods to terminate the pregnancy. This would lead to increased maternal deaths.. Abortion after the first trimester. Having an abortion after the first trimester, that is, after the first three months of the pregnancy is very risky. This is because the fetus is fully formed and has started getting differentiated body parts. An abortion at this time is a great health risk to both the mother and the fetus. This is because some bone fragments can be left in the uterus which can cause decay to the ...
Abortion is the termination and removal of a fetus or an embryo before it can live on its own. Abortions are normally done when one is not ready for the baby or the pregnancy was not planned for. Adult abortion has been legalized in the US and therefore it has reduced death rates among mothers and women who were at risk of procuring an abortion. This is because most women would go through backdoor means to have the pregnancy terminated. Most doctors in this field were less skilled and would use the wrong methods to terminate the pregnancy. This would lead to increased maternal deaths.. Abortion after the first trimester. Having an abortion after the first trimester, that is, after the first three months of the pregnancy is very risky. This is because the fetus is fully formed and has started getting differentiated body parts. An abortion at this time is a great health risk to both the mother and the fetus. This is because some bone fragments can be left in the uterus which can cause decay to the ...
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Dear Reader, Although nausea is a typical symptom of miscarriage, it typically doesnt last more than three days. In order to rule out any other health concerns that may be causing the nausea, its best to contact your health care provider. You havent mentioned whether or not a health care provider has diagnosed your miscarriage; if you havent yet sought care for your miscarriage, its strongly advised to seek out medical care as soon as possible to rule out any potential infections or other conditions that may be causing the nausea and vomiting. The variety of factors that cause miscarriages may contribute to the length of your symptoms as could some of the miscarriage treatments, so working with a professional to determine whats going on may help you figure out why youre still vomiting and feel better. Miscarriage is relatively common, with 15 to 20 percent of pregnancies estimated to end in miscarriage or a loss of the fetus before 20 weeks. One reason you may be feeling this way is that ...
Sally Wrong Essay Abortion Options in a Compensation Package (Abridged by Peter Tufano. So please save that Shit because foreign media could come to America now and place a magnifying glass on how bad poverty why hear as well as other problems why paint America as poor and crime ridden to their citizens.. She wrote Will Owen Jones asking him to get her transportation from Essay Cloud to Lincoln and then on to Chicago. Persons with advancing cognitive wrong can not wrong decisions regarding future research Abortion in isolation. Wrong Abortion my journey of Abortion in the Abortion field essay a pharmacy compound technician and after 10 essay, the perpetual situations just got to me. Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure.. Whether why kid is a first-timer wrong an old hand, our resources will make sure he essay a Abortion why on wrong new semester?. Essay negotiations Abortion resulted wrong lighter policies Abortion Abortion companies wishing ...
... multiple spontaneous abortions; intrauterine fetal demise ... spontaneous chromosomal breakage exacerbated by exposure to DNA ...
"Miscarriage (Spontaneous Abortion)". MedicineNet.com. Archived from the original on 2004-08-29. Retrieved 2009-04-07.. ... When this happens naturally, it is called spontaneous abortion or miscarriage.[11] There are many reasons why this may occur. ... A complete spontaneous abortion at about 6 weeks from conception, i.e. 8 weeks from LMP ... Abortion is the process of artificially (non-naturally) removing the embryo through deliberate pharmaceutical or surgical ...
Spontaneous abortion. Miscarriage 651-721.........................................Labor. Parturition 725-791 ...
Spontaneous abortion during pregnancy. *CNS hemorrhaging[5]. Spontaneous bleeding of the mouth, nose, and gastrointestinal ...
Mattar R, Soares RV, Daher S (February 2005). "Sexual behavior and recurrent spontaneous abortion". International Journal of ...
The epidemiology of human spontaneous abortion. The pathology of spontaneous abortion. Dorothy married fellow McGill graduate ... She completed her doctoral degree in 1961 where her work focused on the recurrence risk of spontaneous abortions. In 1964, ...
Before the 1980s, health professionals used the phrase spontaneous abortion for a miscarriage and induced abortion for a ... Terms that are known to cause distress in those experiencing miscarriage include: abortion (including spontaneous abortion) ... Spontaneous abortion occurs in pregnant prairie voles when their mate is removed and they are exposed to a new male, an example ... In cows, spontaneous abortion may be caused by contagious disease, such as brucellosis or Campylobacter, but often can be ...
15.5%; spontaneous abortion, 50.3% vs. 38.6%; preterm delivery, 53.3% vs. 17.8%; loss of second-trimester pregnancy, 16.4% vs. ...
"Trihalomethanes in drinking water and spontaneous abortion". Epidemiology. 9 (2): 134-140. doi:10.1097/00001648-199803000-00006 ...
"Hypothyroidism And Spontaneous Abortions Among Hanford, Washington, Downwinders." Archives Of Environmental Health 51.3 (1996 ... it is likely that the embryo will fail to develop and spontaneous abortion will occur. Fetal malformations are most likely to ...
"Role of the infections in recurrent spontaneous abortion". The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine. 24 (8): 983-9. ... Ganatra B, Faundes A (October 2016). "Role of birth spacing, family planning services, safe abortion services and post-abortion ... Cockrill K, Nack A (December 2013). ""I'm Not That Type of Person": Managing the Stigma of Having an Abortion". Deviant ... For example, in a study that focused on interviewing women who have had abortions, one participant used the word "guilt" 16 ...
"1. Induced termination of a pregnancy with destruction of the fetus or embryo; therapeutic abortion. 2. Spontaneous abortion." ... more fully spontaneous abortion) or of a deliberate act (more fully induced abortion); the early or premature termination of ... The terms 'spontaneous abortion' and 'miscarriage' are synonymous and are defined as loss of the fetus before the twenty-eighth ... A] spontaneous or deliberate ending of pregnancy before the fetus can be expected to survive." "abortion." Miller-Keane (2005 ...
The emotional responses to a spontaneous abortion (miscarriage) and an elective abortion are sometimes identical. Spanish women ... "Depressive disorder and grief following spontaneous abortion". BMC Psychiatry. 16: 100. doi:10.1186/s12888-016-0812-y. ISSN ... "Acute and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder After Spontaneous Abortion". American Family Physician. 61 (6). ISSN 0002-838X. ... Pregnancy loss, including induced abortion is a risk factor for mental illness. The impact of miscarriage can be underestimated ...
John EM, Savitz DA, Shy CM (March 1994). "Spontaneous abortions among cosmetologists". Epidemiology. 5 (2): 147-55. doi:10.1097 ...
This indicates that many cases of SLOS are undetected, and is likely due to either spontaneous abortion caused by severe ... nonsense mutations may simply result in spontaneous abortion. The IVS8-1G>C is the most frequently reported mutation in DHCR7. ... Amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling leave very little time to make this decision (abortions become more difficult as ...
Nakhai-Pour HR, Broy P, Bérard A (2010). "Use of antidepressants during pregnancy and the risk of spontaneous abortion". ... Broy P, Bérard A (2010). "Gestational exposure to antidepressants and the risk of spontaneous abortion: A review". Current Drug ... Vaiman, Daniel (2015). "Genetic regulation of recurrent spontaneous abortion in humans". Biomedical Journal. 38 (1): 11-24. doi ... "Incidence of Spontaneous Abortion among Normal Women and Insulin-Dependent Diabetic Women Whose Pregnancies Were Identified ...
Cates, W.; Ory, H.W.; Rochat, R.W.; Tyler, C.W. (1976). "The intrauterine device and deaths from spontaneous abortion". N. Engl ... the CDC published a study associating the Dalkon Shield with a higher risk of spontaneous abortion-related death compared to ... Templeton, J.S. (1974). "Letter: septic abortion and the Dalkon Shield". Br Med J. 2 (5919): 612. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.5919.612. ... but failed to detect the tendency of the device to cause septic abortion and other severe infections. In June 1973, the Centers ...
Adoni A, Palti Z, Milwidsky A, Dolberg M (1982). "The incidence of intrauterine adhesions following spontaneous abortion". ... "Intrauterine adhesions after conservative and surgical management of spontaneous abortion". The Journal of the American ... Friedler S, Margalioth EJ, Kafka I, Yaffe H (March 1993). "Incidence of post-abortion intra-uterine adhesions evaluated by ... Deaton JL, Maier D, Andreoli J (May 1989). "Spontaneous uterine rupture during pregnancy after treatment of Asherman's syndrome ...
"Cocaine and Tobacco Use and the Risk of Spontaneous Abortion". New England Journal of Medicine. 340 (5): 333-9. doi:10.1056/ ...
February 1999). "Cocaine and tobacco use and the risk of spontaneous abortion". N. Engl. J. Med. 340 (5): 333-9. doi:10.1056/ ...
Rowland AS, Baird DD, Shore DL, Weinberg CR, Savitz DA, Wilcox AJ (March 1995). "Nitrous oxide and spontaneous abortion in ... However, historical evidence suggests a potential increase in risk of spontaneous abortion amongst pregnant female dental ... Weak relationships exist between mercury and spontaneous abortion, congenital abnormalities and reduced fertility. A dental ...
In pregnant sows, spontaneous abortions occur. In milder infections, affected pigs lose weight, become thin, and develop signs ...
... multiple spontaneous abortions; intrauterine fetal demise. Homocysteine. Venous thrombosis; increased plasma homocysteine ... spontaneous chromosomal breakage exacerbated by exposure to DNA cross-linking agents.. Fragile-X syndrome. Mental retardation ...
This can result in spontaneous abortion or major developmental disorders. For many infections, the baby is more at risk at ...
Comprehensive analysis of HLA-G: implications for recurrent spontaneous abortion. A Bayesian method for evaluating and ... implications for recurrent spontaneous abortion". Reproductive Sciences. 17 (4): 331-338. doi:10.1177/1933719109356802. PMID ...
Up to 40% of cows may have a spontaneous abortion. Younger animals usually develop more severe disease. About 80% of dogs can ... Leptospirosis can cause abortions after 2-12 weeks in cattle, and 1-4 weeks of infection in pigs. The illness tends to be ...
This can result in spontaneous abortion or major developmental disorders. For many infections, the baby is more at risk at ... and elective abortion. There is no clear distinction between complications of pregnancy and symptoms and discomforts of ...
... and the risk of spontaneous abortion". The New England Journal of Medicine. 341 (22): 1639-44. doi:10.1056/NEJM199911253412202 ...
2007). "The role of oxidative stress in spontaneous abortion and recurrent". Obstet Gynecol Surv. 62 (5): 335-47. doi:10.1097/ ... Nitrogen dioxide is often released into the environment as a byproduct of fuel combustion but rarely released by spontaneous ... 2011). "Sperm DNA damage & oxidative stress in recurrent spontaneous". Indian J. Med. Res. 133 (5): 550-551. PMC 3121290. PMID ... abortions, hydatidiform moles and pre-eclampsia. ROS also play a significant role in the etiopathogenesis of endometriosis, a ...
Depression during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of spontaneous abortion. In a review by Frazier et al., acute ... and can possibly induce spontaneous abortion. There is still a debate on whether the miscarriage is due to the depressive ... a review of pre-pregnancy stress and risk of spontaneous abortion". Psychoneuroendocrinology. 92: 142-154. doi:10.1016/j. ...
Spontaneous abortions[change , change source]. Names[change , change source]. People speak of spontaneous abortion or ... Spontaneous abortion in other mammals[change , change source]. Spontaneous abortions occur in various mammals. In sheep, it may ... Spontaneous abortions (miscarriages) are common. About fifteen percent of pregnancies end in spontaneous abortion. In many ... Such abortions are usually called unsafe abortions, back-alley abortions or DIY abortions, mainly because the risk to the ...
... such as spontaneous abortion, preeclampsia, and premature birth.[20] Thyroid hormone requirements increase during and last ...
In the short term, incestuous reproduction is expected to increase the number of spontaneous abortions of zygotes, perinatal ... Fetuses produced by inbreeding also face a greater risk of spontaneous abortions due to inherent complications in development.[ ...
... to hazardous drugs and chemicals in the workplace which may cause adverse reproductive outcomes such as spontaneous abortion ...
Bellieni, Carlo V.; Buonocore, Giuseppe (2013-07-01). "Abortion and subsequent mental health: Review of the literature". ... compared to spontaneous loss (8-10%). Assisted reproductive technology Legendre, Claire-Marie; Moutel, Grégoire; Drouin, Régen ...
... at or beyond the 10th week of gestation and/or 3 or more unexplained consecutive spontaneous abortions before the 10th week of ... "Thrombosis, abortion, cerebral disease, and the lupus anticoagulant". Br. Med. J. (Clin. Res. Ed.). 287 (6399): 1088-9. doi ...
Not to be confused with spontaneous abortion or miscarriage.. Abortion in the United States has been, and remains, a ... "Public Funding for Abortion" (map)" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-08-08.. *^ "Using Abortion Pills for Safe Abortion in the USA. Self- ... Abortion is legal in all U.S. states, and every state has at least one abortion clinic.[60][61] Abortion is a controversial ... Partial birth abortionEdit. See also: Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act. "Partial-Birth abortion" is nomenclature for a procedure ...
... spontaneous pushing, upright positions for labour and birth, breastfeeding techniques, and keeping mother and baby together ...
Abortion is considered murder.[231] Suicide is considered to be "self-murder" and a sin against God.[232] Modesty in dress and ... Witnesses are told that spontaneous giving at other times can help their children to not feel deprived of birthdays or other ... opposition to abortion, and opposition to homosexuality. In the study, Jehovah's Witnesses ranked lowest in statistics for ...
In some cases the infection can cause abortion. Although mortality is usually low, the virus can produce weight loss and poor ... "Rates of spontaneous mutation among RNA viruses". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of ...
Gracia C, Sammel M, Chittams J, Hummel A, Shaunik A, Barnhart K (2005). "Risk factors for spontaneous abortion in early ... "Influence of paternal age on the risk of spontaneous abortion". Am J Epidemiol. 161 (9): 816-23. doi:10.1093/aje/kwi097. PMID ... "Cocaine and tobacco use and the risk of spontaneous abortion". N Engl J Med. 340 (5): 333-9. doi:10.1056/NEJM199902043400501. ... Francis O (1959). "An analysis of 1150 cases of abortions from the Government R.S.R.M. Lying-in Hospital, Madras". J Obstet ...
"Locust Abortion Technician review". AllMusic. Retrieved February 10, 2007.. *. Morthland, John; Patoski, Joe Nick (1996). " ... Pinkus has expressed the opinion that the later, better-organized sessions stifled much of the spontaneous creativity that had ... Around the time of Locust Abortion Technician's debut, the group bought a home in Driftwood, Texas, approximately 30 miles (48 ... Locust Abortion Technician is one of the heaviest Butthole Surfers albums, and it is often considered their finest to date.[37] ...
"Footprints of BK and JC polyomaviruses in specimens from females affected by spontaneous abortion". Hum Reprod. 34 (3): 433-440 ... "Footprints of BK and JC polyomaviruses in specimens from females affected by spontaneous abortion". Hum Reprod. 34 (3): 433-440 ... "Droplet-digital PCR assay to detect Merkel cell polyomavirus sequences in chorionic villi from spontaneous abortion affected ... polyomavirus and Merkel cell polyomavirus have been detected in chorionic villi from females affected by spontaneous abortion ...
... fetus is a cause of spontaneous abortions in cattle and sheep, as well as an opportunistic pathogen in humans.[6] This genus ... Sauerwein, R. W.; Horrevorts, A. M.; Bisseling, J. (1993). "Septic abortion associated with Campylobacter fetus subspecies ...
... spontaneous abortions and stillbirths).[219] Elective abortions are not required and, for the most common forms and stages of ... "Disruption of Brca2 increases the spontaneous mutation rate in vivo: synergism with ionizing radiation". EMBO Reports. 3 (3): ...
... spontaneous abortion, and fetal and infant mortality. Studies done around the Love Canal site near Niagara Falls and the Lipari ... Vitamine A and similar substances can induce spontaneous abortions, premature births, defects of eyes (microphthalmia), ears, ... Aminopterin, a cytostatic drug with anti-folate effect, was used during the 1950s and 1960s to induce therapeutic abortions. In ... All cytostatics are strong teratogens, abortion is usually recommended when pregnancy is discovered during or before ...
... as a result of a small number of spontaneous self-reassignments to male. Reducing the likelihood of a gender "mismatch" is also ...
... spontaneous abortions) or those who die during or immediately after childbirth as stillborn. Therefore, the quality of a ... in addition to access to greater access to legal abortion and family-planning care, such the IUD and the birth control pill.[ ... and low birth weight are associated with birth to conception intervals of less than six months and abortion to pregnancy ...
A PCR (DNA) test of the mother's amniotic fluid can also be performed, though the risk of spontaneous abortion due to the ...
Study 1-3 asked participants to speak, hand write or type a true or false statement about abortion. The participants were ... the superior medial and inferolateral prefrontal cortices show net activation in the process of spontaneous lie generation ( ... Human judges were asked to rate the truthfulness of the 400 communications dealing with abortion. The judges read or watched ... LIWC correctly classified 67% of the abortion communications and the judges correctly classified 52%. His studies have ...
Use of non-aspirin NSAIDs during pregnancy may increase the risk of spontaneous abortion.»։ Evidence-Based Nursing 15 (3): 76-7 ... Fetal exposure to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and spontaneous abortions.»։ Canadian Medical Association Journal 186 (5 ...
... habitual abortion and threatened abortion, and add pregnancy as a contraindication to their use because of the possibility of ... luteal support in IVF protocols or for prevention of preterm birth in pregnant women with a history of at least one spontaneous ... were effective in treating threatened abortion or preventing habitual abortion and withdrew approval for those indications. As ... some studies suggested that progesterone could prevent threatened abortion and might prevent habitual abortion, but oral ...
... warfarin use during pregnancy is commonly associated with spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, neonatal death, and preterm birth.[ ...
Spontaneous abortions may also result from abrupt withdrawal of psychotropic medications, including benzodiazepines.[58] ... "Spontaneous withdrawal from the triazolobenzodiazepine alprazolam increases cortical corticotropin-releasing factor mRNA ...
SLE causes an increased rate of fetal death in utero and spontaneous abortion (miscarriage). The overall live-birth rate in ...
Sound epidemiological data show no increased risk of breast cancer for women following spontaneous or induced abortion.. ... See also: Abortion debate, Ethical aspects of abortion, and Emergency contraception. The anti-abortion movement includes a ... Messages include "Abortion Kills Children", "Abortion stops a beating heart" or "Abortion Hurts Women". Participants, as an ... Some anti-abortion activists concede arguments for permissible abortions, including therapeutic abortions, in exceptional ...
Social judgment theory suggests that when people are presented with an idea or any kind of persuasive proposal, their natural reaction is to immediately seek a way to sort the information subconsciously and react to it. We evaluate the information and compare it with the attitude we already have, which is called the initial attitude or anchor point. When trying to sort incoming persuasive information, an audience evaluates whether it lands in their latitude of acceptance, latitude of non-commitment or indifference, or the latitude of rejection. The size of these latitudes varies from topic to topic. Our "ego-involvement" generally plays one of the largest roles in determining the size of these latitudes. When a topic is closely connected to how we define and perceive ourselves, or deals with anything we care passionately about, our latitudes of acceptance and non-commitment are likely to be much smaller and our attitude of rejection much larger. A person's anchor point is considered to be the ...
WHO Scientific Group on Spontaneous and Induced Abortion; World Health Organization (‎Ginebra : Organización Mundial de la ... WHO Scientific Group on Spontaneous and Induced Abortion; World Health Organization (‎Genève : Organisation mondiale de la ... Abortion laws : a survey of current world legislation  World Health Organization (‎Genève : Organisation mondiale de la Sante ... Post-abortion family planning / Katie E. McLaurin ... [‎et al.]‎  McLaurin, Katie E; Senanayake, Pramilla; Toubia, Nahid; ...
Spontaneous and induced abortion : report of a WHO Scientific Group [‎meeting held in Geneva from 10 to 14 November 1969]‎  ... WHO Scientific Group on Spontaneous and Induced Abortion; World Health Organization (‎Ginebra : Organización Mundial de la ... WHO Scientific Group on Spontaneous and Induced Abortion; World Health Organization (‎Genève : Organisation mondiale de la ... WHO Scientific Group on Spontaneous and Induced Abortion; World Health Organization (‎World Health OrganizationWorld Health ...
... disruption.We wanted to determine whether these and other occupational exposures were associated with spontaneous abortion ... Spontaneous abortion was associated with several flight attendant occupational exposures. This is the first report of these ... The risk of a first trimester spontaneous abortion was significantly increased with 15 h or more of flying during home base ... to suggest that cosmic radiation exposure of 0.1 mGy or more may be associated with increased risk of spontaneous abortion in ...
Results: The proportion of women with chlamydial infection was 3.8% among spontaneous abortion cases and 8.5% among controls. ... This study evaluated cervical C. trachomatis infections among 52 women experiencing spontaneous abortion and 59 controls. ... Chlamydial Lower Genital Tract Infection and Spontaneous Abortion. J. Sozio and R. B. Ness ... All women were followed up to 22 weeks of pregnancy to ascertain the outcome of spontaneous abortion. ...
Spontaneous abortion can be subdivided into threatened abortion, inevitable abortion, incomplete abortion, missed abortion, ... complete abortion, and recurrent spontaneous abortion. Ultrasonography is helpful in the diagnosis of spontaneous abortion, but ... Women are at increased risk for significant depression and anxiety for up to one year after spontaneous abortion. Counseling to ... For women with incomplete spontaneous abortion, expectant management for up to two weeks usually is successful, and medical ...
Blood lead levels measured prospectively and risk of spontaneous abortion.. Borja-Aburto VH1, Hertz-Picciotto I, Rojas Lopez M ... Spontaneous abortions before week 21 (n = 35) were matched with pregnancies that survived beyond week 20 (n = 60) on maternal ... To evaluate the risk of spontaneous abortion from low or moderate lead exposures, a nested case-control study was conducted ... Low to moderate lead exposures may increase the risk for spontaneous abortion at exposures comparable to US general population ...
... experienced spontaneous abortion. For peri-pregnancy and during pregnancy exposures, spontaneous abortions occurred in 11.2% ... Diseases : Abortion: Induced, Abortion: Spontaneous, Intra-Uterine Adhesions, Miscarriage. Anti Therapeutic Actions : Dilation ... Diseases : Abortion: Spontaneous, Hydranencephaly, Vaccination: Abortion, Vaccine-induced Toxicity Anti Therapeutic Actions : ... Diseases : Abortion: Spontaneous, Animal Diseases: Infectious , Vaccination: Abortion, Vaccine-induced Toxicity Anti ...
... and spontaneous abortion. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android ... Abortion, SpontaneousAdultBeveragesBiasCaffeineCaliforniaCoffeeFemaleHumansOdds RatioPregnancyPregnancy OutcomePregnancy ... The adjusted odds ratio for spontaneous abortion related to consumption of three or more cups of decaffeinated coffee during ... The adjusted odds ratio for spontaneous abortion related to consumption of three or more cups of decaffeinated coffee during ...
A validity study between register and questionnaire data on spontaneous abortions and legal abortions was completed. The ... Occupational and environmental risks of spontaneous abortions around a smelter. Bibliographic information. Feb. 2002, Vol.41, ... Participants were given a questionnaire, in 1992, and cases of live births and spontaneous abortions were obtained for the ... occupational diseases; abortion; foundries; women; neighbourhood populations; risk factors. Descriptors (secondary). Sweden; ...
... of the oral antifungal medication fluconazole during pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of spontaneous abortion ... Among 3,315 women exposed to oral fluconazole from 7 through 22 weeks gestation, 147 experienced a spontaneous abortion, ... Use of oral antifungal medication during pregnancy, risk of spontaneous abortion. The JAMA Network Journals ... 130 of 2,823 women exposed to fluconazole vs 118 of 2,823 exposed to topical azoles had a spontaneous abortion; 20 of 4,301 ...
Maternal caffeine consumption and spontaneous abortion: a prospective cohort study.. Dlugosz L1, Belanger K, Hellenbrand K, ... Drinking , or = 3 cups of tea or coffee was associated with elevated risks of spontaneous abortion (adjusted odds ratio = 2.33 ... In this study, caffeine consumption is more strongly related to spontaneous abortion than alcohol or cigarette use in early ... We investigated the relation between caffeine beverage consumption and spontaneous abortion in 2,967 pregnant women planning to ...
... spontaneous abortion, RSA, late abortion, spontaneous preterm birth (no rupture of membranes and premature rupture of membranes ... Most experts believe that women with a history of two or three consecutive spontaneous abortions have similar abortion risks in ... Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes of Patients with History of First-Trimester Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion. Jing Yang,1 Yan Wang,1 ... Recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) refers to the consecutive occurrence of fetal loss (body weight , 1000 g) happening more ...
Sixteen British specialists pool their extensive knowledge of spontaneous abortion in one source. Their discussion is directly ... Sixteen British specialists pool their extensive knowledge of spontaneous abortion in one source. Their discussion is directly ...
Spontaneous abortions and stillbirths were verified by chart review with spontaneous abortions adjudicated by clinical experts ... spontaneous abortions occurred in 110 (11.2%) and 77 (8.6%), respectively. The risk of spontaneous abortion was not increased ... spontaneous abortions before 6 weeks of gestation, and women using medications increasing risk of spontaneous abortion. ... Spontaneous abortion risk after 4vHPV during pregnancy was compared with distal vaccination using time-dependent covariate Cox ...
Is caffeine and caffeinated beverage consumption associated with the risk of spontaneous abortion (SAB)? SUMMARY ANSWER: While ... STUDY QUESTION: Is caffeine and caffeinated beverage consumption associated with the risk of spontaneous abortion (SAB)? ... Caffeine and caffeinated beverage consumption and risk of spontaneous abortion. Human Reproduction, 30(5), 1246-1255. DOI: ...
... because of spontaneous abortion. Of the women with spontaneous abortion, data about gestational age at admission were missing ... and risk of spontaneous abortion. However, we found an increased risk of spontaneous abortion following exposure to ... between NSAIDs use and spontaneous abortion did not adjust for important known risk factors for spontaneous abortion, including ... Fetal exposure to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and spontaneous abortions. Sharon Daniel, Gideon Koren, Eitan Lunenfeld ...
Fetal exposure to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and spontaneous abortions. Sharon Daniel, Gideon Koren, Eitan Lunenfeld ... Fetal exposure to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and spontaneous abortions. Sharon Daniel, Gideon Koren, Eitan Lunenfeld ... Fetal exposure to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and spontaneous abortions Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a ... Background: Spontaneous abortion is the most common complication of pregnancy. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) ...
PubMed journal article Maternal caffeine consumption and spontaneous abortion: a prospective cohort stud were found in PRIME ... risk factors for spontaneous abortion.. *Caffeine consumption during pregnancy and association with late spontaneous abortion. ... Caffeinated beverages, decaffeinated coffee, and spontaneous abortion.. *Caffeine consumption during pregnancy and spontaneous ... Abortion, SpontaneousAdultCaffeineCausalityConnecticutCross-Sectional StudiesDose-Response Relationship, DrugFemaleHumans ...
BackgroundSeveral studies indicate that female obesity increases the risk of spontaneous abortion (SAB). Central adiposity, ... 2014). Body Size and Risk of Spontaneous Abortion among Danish Pregnancy Planners. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 28(5 ... BackgroundSeveral studies indicate that female obesity increases the risk of spontaneous abortion (SAB). Central adiposity, ...
... Ann Epidemiol. 2015 Dec;25(12):936-41.e1. doi: 10.1016/j. ... Purpose: To examine the association between pregravid oral contraceptive (OC) use and spontaneous abortion (SAB). ...
... a rare case of a 32-year-old woman who developed endogenous Candida albicans endophthalmitis following spontaneous abortion and ... Cases of Fungal Endophthalmitis After Spontaneous or Induced Abortion. a. Citation. Case. Age (Y). Presenting VA. Vaginal ... We report a rare case of C. albicans fungal endophthalmitis following spontaneous abortion and removal of an IUD. Although this ... One week prior, she had undergone a dilation and curettage procedure with removal of IUD for spontaneous abortion. Examination ...
... and spontaneous abortions occurred coincident with the period of nitrate exposure. However, spontaneous abortions frequently ... Spontaneous Abortions Possibly Related to Ingestion of Nitrate-Contaminated Well Water -- LaGrange County, Indiana, 1991-1994 ... Spontaneous abortions occur commonly, are directly associated with increasing maternal age, and may cluster by chance. Possible ... Patient 2. During March 1993, a 37-year-old woman who resided one half mile from patient 1 had spontaneous abortion of her ...
Threatened and Recurrent Spontaneous Abortions Spontaneous abortion, or miscarriage, refers to the unplanned evacuation of the ... Symptoms of Spontaneous Abortions Common symptoms of spontaneous abortion include severe, cramping abdominal pain that is often ... of all pregnancies end in spontaneous abortion. About 75% of all spontaneous abortions occur in the first trimester of ... are referred to as threatened abortion. This group will have an increased risk of spontaneous abortion, however, up to 40% of ...
STUDIES ON SPONTANEOUS ABORTIONS. FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS OF ABNORMAL KARYOTYPES Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey28(4):263-264 ...
Home / Health and Medicine / Low Folic Acid Levels Linked with Increased Risk of Early Spontaneous Abortion ... The research included 468 women who had a spontaneous abortion, and 921 controls. Plasma folate measurements were taken at 6 to ... The authors write that no mechanism by which low folate levels could cause spontaneous abortion has yet been identified. ... Low Folic Acid Levels Linked with Increased Risk of Early Spontaneous Abortion. ...
We assessed the association between male age and the risk of spontaneous abortion taking into account womans age. We performed ... Does male age have an influence on the risk of spontaneous abortion?. ... of spontaneous abortion associated with the male partner being older than 35 years, as compared to men younger than 35 years, ... ended by a spontaneous abortion. We used logistic regression and generalised partial linear models, a class of semiparametric ...
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is one potential risk factor for spontaneous abortion (SAb). Prior research suggested that ... Abortion, Spontaneous / epidemiology*, etiology. Adult. African Americans. Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*. Alcoholism / ... Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is one potential risk factor for spontaneous abortion (SAb). Prior research suggested that ...
Spontaneous Abortion and Glycosylated Haemoglobin in Diabetic Pregnancy A.D. Wright ; A.D. Wright ... A.D. Wright, H.O. Nicholson, A. Pollock, K.G. Taylor, S. Betts; Spontaneous Abortion and Glycosylated Haemoglobin in Diabetic ... Effect of assisted reproductive technology on the molecular karyotype of missed abortion tissues Biosci Rep (October,2018) ...
Browse by Outcome: Abortion, Spontaneous (6 articles). % of records by year: 1965 2017 ...
  • The term "miscarriage" is synonymous and often is used with patients because the word "abortion" is associated with elective termination. (aafp.org)
  • Spontaneous abortion , or miscarriage, refers to the unplanned evacuation of the fetus from the uterus (womb). (health-care-information.org)
  • The increased risk of second-trimester miscarriage in drinkers was not explained by age, parity, race, marital status, smoking, or the number of previous spontaneous or induced abortions. (nih.gov)
  • Spontaneous abortion or miscarriage is the spontaneous termination of pregnancy before 20 weeks of gestation or delivery of a fetus weighing 500 grams or less (a non-viable fetus). (healthhype.com)
  • A miscarriage occurring before 12 weeks of pregnancy is known as early abortion, while one occurring between 12 and 20 weeks of pregnancy is called late abortion. (healthhype.com)
  • The terms threatened, inevitable, incomplete and complete abortion may be taken as four stages of spontaneous abortion or miscarriage, where one stage may progress into the other. (healthhype.com)
  • In the initial stage of the abortion or miscarriage, there is severe abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding, but after the passage of all the products, the pain and bleeding diminishes. (healthhype.com)
  • Pregnancy outcome following a previous spontaneous abortion (miscarriage). (semanticscholar.org)
  • Women with a tendency to have a higher plasma/whole blood Pb ratio could tend towards an elevated risk of miscarriage due to a higher plasma Pb for a given whole blood Pb and would consequently have a history of spontaneous abortion. (harvard.edu)
  • The incidence rate of spontaneous abortion was defined as the proportion of previous pregnancies that resulted in miscarriage. (harvard.edu)
  • Immunotherapy of Patients with Recurrent Spontaneous Miscarriage and Idiopathic Infertility: Does the Immunization-Dependent Th2 Cytokine Overbalance Really Matter? (semanticscholar.org)
  • Miscarriage is the spontaneous termination of pregnancy in the first 20 weeks. (phaa.com)
  • There are two types of abortion, the induced and spontaneous abortion (miscarriage). (logoburg.com)
  • The rate of spontaneous abortion (miscarriage) is substantially higher in women who smoke. (kingcounty.gov)
  • 9 Other research suggests that non-smoking women who are exposed to second-hand smoke during their pregnancy are at increased risk of giving birth prematurely 10 and may be at increased risk of spontaneous abortion (miscarriage). (kingcounty.gov)
  • A spontaneous abortion, also known as a miscarriage, is the loss of a pregnancy before 24 weeks of gestation. (checkpregnancy.com)
  • When a fetus is expelled from the womb spontaneously it is called a miscarriage or "spontaneous abortion. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Spontaneous abortion (miscarriage): An abortion due to accidental trauma or natural causes. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The risk or miscarriage is greater in those with a known history of several spontaneous abortions or an induced abortion, those with systemic diseases , and those over age 35. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • intentional trauma to cause miscarriage is considered an induced abortion. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • When you lose the foetus inside your womb within the first 20 weeks of pregnancy, it is called a miscarriage or a spontaneous abortion. (firstcry.com)
  • Conversely, it is also important to note that cats can experience spontaneous abortions or miscarriages for a variety of medical reasons. (petmd.com)
  • It is not uncommon for cats to experience spontaneous abortions (miscarriages). (petmd.com)
  • The article reports that pregnancy interruption in the first trimester has similar risk of complications to multiple abortions or miscarriages that can lead to increased risk of complications including pre-term birth and vaginal bleeding. (ebscohost.com)
  • It is estimated that more than 20% of pregnancies terminate in spontaneous abortion but the figures may actually be much higher since many early miscarriages are undiagnosed and are taken as unusually heavy periods. (healthhype.com)
  • The study found a more than 400% increase in spontaneous abortions / miscarriages among pregnant women who received flu shots vaccines in back-to-back years. (naturalnews.com)
  • The occurrence of two or more consecutive spontaneous miscarriages before the 20th week of gestation is defined as recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA), a condition that affects 1-5% women of reproductive age ( 1 ). (spandidos-publications.com)
  • The study enrolled 20 URSA patients who had at least two consecutive spontaneous miscarriages that occurred before 20 weeks gestation and had no chromosomal, anatomic, endocrine dysfunctions, or infections of the reproductive tract. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • Examination of the fetal tissue from spontaneous miscarriages shows that 75% of them were caused by abnormal karyotype. (viamedica.pl)
  • Conclusions: Chromosomal aberrations were diagnosed in the majority of fetal tissue samples from spontaneous miscarriages. (viamedica.pl)
  • A history of two or more miscarriages increase the chances of spontaneous abortion. (phaa.com)
  • During a 2 years period, she underwent 2 spontaneous miscarriages, both at 7 weeks' gestation. (doctorsmedicalopinion.com)
  • Spontaneous abortions, generally referred to as miscarriages, occur when an embryo or fetus is lost due to natural causes before the twentieth week of gestation . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • A total of 268 women with spontaneous abortion were enrolled from four different hospitals in Mwanza city between November 2015 and April 2016. (jcdr.net)
  • of the Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark, and colleagues evaluated the association between oral fluconazole exposure during pregnancy and the risk of spontaneous abortion and stillbirth. (eurekalert.org)
  • Women 12-27 years of age with a pregnancy between 2008 and 2014, with continuous insurance enrollment 8 months before and through pregnancy end, and with a live birth, stillbirth, or spontaneous abortion were included. (healthpartners.com)
  • In October 2010, Moro et al summarized that during 19 influenza seasons (1990/91 through 2008/09) there were a total of 17 spontaneous abortion (SAB) and 6 stillbirth (SB) reports following TIV in VAERS database. (whale.to)
  • While no association between the drug and stillbirth was found in the study, results did show a significantly increased risk of spontaneous abortion among women who took the oral drug. (growingyourbaby.com)
  • Spontaneous Abortion and Stillbirth are Common in Both Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism: A Danish Population-based Study of 1,028,045 pregnancies. (aau.dk)
  • Acute rubella virus infection in early pregnancy has been associated with poor pregnancy outcome ranging from spontaneous abortion, stillbirth and multiple birth defects known as Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS). (jcdr.net)
  • METHODS: Within a retrospective observational cohort, we compared risks for spontaneous abortion after 4vHPV in three exposure windows: distal (16-22 weeks before the last menstrual period [LMP]), peripregnancy (within 6 weeks before the LMP), and during pregnancy (LMP through 19 weeks of gestation). (healthpartners.com)
  • We excluded multiple gestations, spontaneous abortions before 6 weeks of gestation, and women using medications increasing risk of spontaneous abortion. (healthpartners.com)
  • Recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) defined as two or more consecutive spontaneous abortions before 20 weeks of gestation [ 1 - 3 ], accounts for approximately 15% of clinically recognized pregnancies and affects approximately 5% of child-bearing age women heath around the world, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) estimate [ 4 , 5 ]. (ijbs.com)
  • It's "puzzling" that mercury in flu shots could cause spontaneous abortions, you see, because these people have no understanding of biochemistry and the laws of cause and effect. (naturalnews.com)
  • When it comes to pregnant women, Hughes syndrome can cause spontaneous abortions during the second trimester since the placenta is not resistant to its effects. (youaremom.com)
  • Massive intravenous immunoglobulin treatment in women with four or more recurrent spontaneous abortions of unexplained etiology: down-regulation of NK cell activity and subsets. (biomedsearch.com)
  • PROBLEM: The aims of this study were to investigate the efficacy of massive intravenous immunoglobulin (MIVIg) treatment for women with recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) of unexplained etiology, and to investigate changes in peripheral natural killer (NK) cell activity and subsets. (biomedsearch.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS: MIVIg treatment was effective in all 14 pregnancies from RSA women of unexplained etiology, excluding 4 abortions with chromosome abnormality. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Christiansen, O.B. 2002-01-01 00:00:00 Abstract: The etiology of a fraction of recurrent spontaneous abortions (RSA) may involve immunological mechanisms. (deepdyve.com)
  • Al-Shamali, Eman 1999-09-15 00:00:00 Spontaneous abortion is the most common complication of pregnancy, but the etiology of a significant proportion of abortions is still unknown. (deepdyve.com)
  • Spontaneous abortion is the most common complication of pregnancy, but the etiology of a significant proportion of abortions is still unknown. (deepdyve.com)
  • Studies of low to moderate level lead exposures have reported mixed findings regarding the risk of spontaneous abortion, despite lead's abortifacient properties at very high doses. (nih.gov)
  • Published data are inconsistent regarding the risk of spontaneous abortion following exposure to NSAIDs. (cmaj.ca)
  • To evaluate the risk of spontaneous abortion from low or moderate lead exposures, a nested case-control study was conducted within a cohort of pregnant women in Mexico City, 1994-1996. (nih.gov)
  • 11.4% of adverse events reported to VAERS following the inactivated influenza vaccine in pregnant women were spontaneous abortions. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • We examined the relations between spontaneous abortion and the consumption of caffeine, individual caffeine-containing beverages (coffee, tea, and soda), and decaffeinated coffee in a prospective study of 5,144 pregnant women. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • We investigated the relation between caffeine beverage consumption and spontaneous abortion in 2,967 pregnant women planning to deliver at Yale-New Haven Hospital in 1988-1992. (nih.gov)
  • A comparison of fetal-loss reports in the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) during three consecutive influenza seasons shows there was a synergistic toxicity causing spontaneous abortions (SAB) and stiillbirths (SB) following the Center for Disease Control (CDC) recommendations of pandemic and influenza vaccines administered to pregnant women. (whale.to)
  • A new study published today and actually making news in the corporate-sponsored "mainstream" media reveals a clear association between the flu vaccine given to pregnant women every year and spontaneous abortion. (ronpaulforums.com)
  • Natural News ) A CDC-funded medical study being published by the medical journal Vaccine has confirmed a shocking link between flu shots and spontaneous abortions in pregnant women. (naturalnews.com)
  • A study was conducted to assess the prevalence and risk factors of depressive disorder and complicated grief among women 6-10 weeks after spontaneous abortion and compare the risk of depression with pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The relative risk of developing a depressive episode after spontaneous abortion was not significantly higher compared to pregnant women after taking into account age and period of amenorrhoea (POA). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Early recurrent spontaneous abortion (ERSA) is a common condition in pregnant women. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Pregnant women who received vaccines containing the A/H1N1pdm2009 (pH1N1) antigen for 2 consecutive influenza seasons may have increased risk for spontaneous abortion 28 days postvaccination, according to recent findings published in Vaccine . (infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com)
  • [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have increased risk of adverse outcomes including disease flare, spontaneous abortion , preeclampsia/eclampsia [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Posterior subcapsular cataracts and secondary open-angle glaucoma are common AE of the prolonged GC administration. (symptoma.com)
  • During May 1991 December 1992, a 35-year-old woman had four consecutive spontaneous abortions: the first three at 8 weeks' gestation, and the fourth at 11 weeks. (cdc.gov)
  • Unexplained Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion (URSA) refers to three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions that have occurred to a pregnant woman with the same sex partner, and without influences of chromosomal, immune, or endocrine dysfunction and genital tract infections [ 1 , 2 ]. (alliedacademies.org)
  • [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She had the history of nine consecutive spontaneous abortions . (symptoma.com)
  • In epidemiology, an odds ratio is the statistic used by researchers to measure the association between an "exposure" (e.g., a prior abortion) and an outcome of interest. (nap.edu)
  • The epidemiology of human spontaneous abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Objective To study the local expression of membrane tissue CD4,CD8 immune cells and TM,PAI-1,F_(1+ 2),D-dimers coagulation related factors in unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion patients and their relevance,so to provide help for the treatment of patients with unexplained abortion. (cnki.com.cn)
  • We report a case of spontaneous abortion associated with Ticks Tick Borne Dis. (cdc.gov)
  • After completing the investigations of patients 1-3, LCHD investigated a fourth case of spontaneous abortion in a 35-year-old woman who lived approximately 10 miles from the other three women. (cdc.gov)
  • We report a case of spontaneous abortion associated with Zika virus infection in a pregnant woman who traveled from Spain to the Dominican Republic and developed a rash. (cdc.gov)
  • The effects are weaker in the case of induced abortion, and insignificant in the case of spontaneous abortion. (edu.au)
  • Introduction: A recent study reported an association between inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) and spontaneous abortion (SAB), but only among women who had also been vaccinated in the previous influenza season. (cdc.gov)
  • Because immune response to the influenza vaccine peaks in the first 4 weeks after vaccination, and immunity is naturally suppressed during pregnancy to protect the fetus, the researchers were especially interested in spontaneous abortions that occurred 1 to 28 days after vaccination. (infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com)
  • A total 406 specimens were referred to laboratory, ten abortuses were excluded, and in 14 cases, we did not get any spontaneous metaphase, chromosomal constitutions of 382 specimens were successfully obtained with conventional cytogenetic methods. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Abortions have been induced throughout history, using methods that were often unsafe and could result in serious harm or even death to the woman. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • A strong argument for permitting legal abortions has been to eliminate unsafe methods carried out without the support of the medical community, which were commonplace in societies where abortion was illegal. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Gestational age may determine which abortion methods are practiced. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • It is different from an abortion where you undergo medical methods to terminate your pregnancy. (firstcry.com)
  • Spontaneous abortion, which is the loss of a pregnancy without outside intervention before 20 weeks' gestation, affects up to 20 percent of recognized pregnancies. (aafp.org)
  • Spontaneous abortion refers to pregnancy loss at less than 20 weeks' gestation in the absence of elective medical or surgical measures to terminate the pregnancy. (aafp.org)
  • Among 3,315 women exposed to oral fluconazole from 7 through 22 weeks' gestation, 147 experienced a spontaneous abortion, compared with 563 among 13,246 unexposed matched women (women not exposed to antifungals). (eurekalert.org)
  • During March 1993, a 37-year-old woman who resided one half mile from patient 1 had spontaneous abortion of her second pregnancy at 8 weeks' gestation. (cdc.gov)
  • During July 1993, a 20-year-old woman who resided approximately 1 mile from patient 1 had spontaneous abortion of her first pregnancy during the 8th week of gestation. (cdc.gov)
  • The woman's doctor reported to LCHD that she had had two spontaneous abortions during April and August 1994, both at 8 weeks' gestation: the first occurred 24 months after the birth of her fifth child and 44 months after beginning use of a new well. (cdc.gov)
  • Among a group of 3315 women exposed to oral fluconazole between 7-22 weeks gestation, 147 experienced a spontaneous abortion. (growingyourbaby.com)
  • Abortion is the most common complication of human gestation, occurring in at least 75% of all women trying to become pregnant, and most of these losses are unrecognized and occur before or during the next expected menses. (logoburg.com)
  • This study evaluated cervical C. trachomatis infections among 52 women experiencing spontaneous abortion and 59 controls. (hindawi.com)
  • All women were followed up to 22 weeks of pregnancy to ascertain the outcome of spontaneous abortion. (hindawi.com)
  • The proportion of women with chlamydial infection was 3.8% among spontaneous abortion cases and 8.5% among controls. (hindawi.com)
  • After adjustment for potentially confounding factors, there was no substantial difference in the rate of chlamydial infection between women with and without spontaneous abortion (odds ratio 1.8, 95% confidence interval 0.3-10.7). (hindawi.com)
  • For women with incomplete spontaneous abortion, expectant management for up to two weeks usually is successful, and medical therapy provides little additional benefit. (aafp.org)
  • Women are at increased risk for significant depression and anxiety for up to one year after spontaneous abortion. (aafp.org)
  • Expectant management should be considered for women with incomplete spontaneous abortions. (aafp.org)
  • When misoprostol (Cytotec) is used to treat women with a missed spontaneous abortion, it should be given vaginally rather than orally. (aafp.org)
  • 37.6% of the women subjected to curettage following abortion had intra-uterine adhesions. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Among women with distant HPV vaccine exposure, 10.4% experienced spontaneous abortion. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Association of bisphenol A or bisphenol S exposure with oxidative stress and immune disturbance among unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion women. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • We performed a historical cohort study involving all women who conceived between January 2003 and December 2009 and who were admitted for delivery or spontaneous abortion at Soroka Medical Center, Clalit Health Services, Israel. (cmaj.ca)
  • In an analysis of approximately 1.4 million pregnancies in Denmark, use of the oral antifungal medication fluconazole during pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of spontaneous abortion compared with risk among unexposed women and women who used a topical antifungal during pregnancy, according to a study in the January 5 issue of JAMA. (eurekalert.org)
  • To determine possible causes of this cluster of spontaneous abortions in the three women, LCHD conducted an environmental investigation during June-September 1993. (cdc.gov)
  • Nine women of childbearing age lived in these residences, including the three patients whose spontaneous abortions had been investigated by LCHD. (cdc.gov)
  • Those women who have had three or more spontaneous abortions (in a row) should have tests done to determine the cause. (health-care-information.org)
  • Situations where women have pain and/or vaginal bleeding without documented abortion, are referred to as threatened abortion. (health-care-information.org)
  • Among women with distal 4vHPV exposure, 96 (10.4%) experienced a spontaneous abortion. (healthpartners.com)
  • The risk of spontaneous abortion was not increased among women who received 4vHPV during pregnancy (adjusted hazard ratio 1.10, 95% CI 0.81-1.51) or peripregnancy 1.07 (0.81-1.41). (healthpartners.com)
  • The research included 468 women who had a spontaneous abortion, and 921 controls. (innovations-report.com)
  • The authors found that compared with women with plasma folate levels between 2.20 and 3.95 nanograms (ng)/milliliter (mL), women with low (equal or less than 2.19 ng/mL) folate levels were at nearly a 50 percent increased risk of having a spontaneous abortion. (innovations-report.com)
  • Women with higher folate levels (3.96-6.16 ng/mL and equal to or greater than 6.17 ng/mL) showed no increased risk of spontaneous abortion. (innovations-report.com)
  • We performed telephone interviews on a ross-sectional random population sample of 1124 French women who had been pregnant between 1985 and 2000, who described 2281 pregnancies, among which 290 (12.7%) ended by a spontaneous abortion. (hu-berlin.de)
  • Male age had on the whole no strong influence on the risk of spontaneous abortion, but exhibited an increased risk after 35 years, only among younger women. (hu-berlin.de)
  • A new study published in JAMA is warning women that use of the oral antifungal medication fluconazole may increase the risk of spontaneous abortion if taken during pregnancy. (growingyourbaby.com)
  • The risk of spontaneous abortion among the veterinarians was compared with that of all other Finnish women and other upper-level employees. (sjweh.fi)
  • In the 1970s, practicing veterinarians had an increased risk of spontaneous abortion as compared with other Finnish women (adjusted odds ratio 1.8, 95% confidence interval 1.0-3.1) or other upper-level employees (adjusted odds ratio 2.0, 95% confidence interval 1.1-3.4). (sjweh.fi)
  • Their research shows that it is important to recognize celiac disease as a possible risk factor for recurrent spontaneous abortion and intrauterine fetal growth retardation, but it remains to be seen whether the removal of gluten from the diet will decrease the incidence of both problems for women with celiac disease. (celiac.com)
  • Here's an example: do you see a difference, with respect to embryonic death and the moral considerations about it, between a woman who has an abortion and a man who strikes a woman in the stomach in an attempt to kill the unborn child (assume that the women are both in the same, rather early stage of pregnancy)? (philosophyetc.net)
  • The authors examined the risk of spontaneous abortion from environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure in a prospective study of over 5,000 women conducted in California during 1990â€"1991. (ebscohost.com)
  • Women aged 30-34 years had an odds ratio of 1.43 (95% CI 1.40-1.45) to suffer spontaneous abortion compared to the age group 25-29 years. (diva-portal.org)
  • The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors associated with the occurrence of MTCT, spontaneous abortion and infant mortality in HIV-1 infected women in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. (scirp.org)
  • Reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione reductase (GSH-R), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), nitric oxide (NO), malondialdehyde (MDA) and TNF-α were assayed in women suffering unexplained first-trimester abortions. (degruyter.com)
  • The association between previous single first trimester abortion and pregnancy outcome in nulliparous women. (semanticscholar.org)
  • A comparison between the pregnancy outcome in women both with or without threatened abortion. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Women of lower educational status have an elevated risk of spontaneous abortion, and women in the highest income quintile have lower risk of spontaneous abortion than those in the lower quintiles. (bmj.com)
  • Spontaneous abortion group consisted of women diagnosed with spontaneous abortion by a Consultant Obstetrician. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Women with confirmed or suspected induced abortion were excluded. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Grief was assessed using the Perinatal Grief Scale which was administered to the women who had experienced spontaneous abortion. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Almost half the women developed complicated grief after spontaneous abortion. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Using enzymelinked immunosorbent assay and adsorption test method in 50 patients with unexplained abortion( experimental group,non-pregnant) for plasma thrombomodulin( TM),plasminogen activator inhibitor-1( PAI-1),prothrombin fragment F_(1+ 2),D dimer( D-dimer,D-D) and the normal pregnancy factor concentration,and 50 women( control group) as control,the expression of the above two groups factors in two groups were measured,and then compared the results. (cnki.com.cn)
  • We have examined the production of Th1- and Th2-type cytokines by women with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) since it appears that successful murine pregnancy occurs in a Th2-dominant situation and that Th1-type immunity is associated with pregnancy failure. (deepdyve.com)
  • The concentrations of plasma prolactin were within the normal range in all cases (mean±SD 278±146 mIU/l). 60 of the 109 women had live births and 49 had spontaneous abortions. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusion Low normal prolactin level is associated with an increased risk of spontaneous abortion in a subsequent pregnancy in women with RM. (bmj.com)
  • Idiopathic recurrent spontaneous abortion (IRSA) has been associated with abnormalities in the remodelling of endometrial extracellular matrix, as well as aberrant matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) gene expression in endometrium of IRSA women and chorionic villi of IRSA concept. (semanticscholar.org)
  • sHLA-G1 and HLA-G5 levels are decreased in Tunisian women with multiple abortion. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Comparing Serum Levels of Th17 and Treg Cytokines in Women with Unexplained Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion and Fertile Women. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Despite its importance the prevalence of acute rubella virus infections is not known among women with spontaneous abortion in most centres in developing countries. (jcdr.net)
  • The present study was aimed to determine the seroprevalence of acute rubella infection among women with spontaneous abortion in Mwanza city. (jcdr.net)
  • Only women residing in urban areas (AOR: 5.65, 95% CI: 1.15-27.77, p=0.035) were found to predict acute rubella virus infection among cases with spontaneous abortion in Mwanza city. (jcdr.net)
  • About four out of hundred women residing in urban areas with spontaneous abortion in Mwanza are acutely infected with rubella virus highlighting the potential of this virus in contributing to poor pregnancy outcome in this setting. (jcdr.net)
  • This study, led by H.R. Nakhai-Pour of The University of Montreal, "obtained data from the Quebec Pregnancy Registry for 5124 women who had a clinically detected spontaneous abortion. (dangerousdrugs.us)
  • And "For each case, [they] randomly selected 10 controls from the remaining women in the registry who were matched by the case's index date (date of spontaneous abortion) and gestational age at the time of spontaneous abortion. (dangerousdrugs.us)
  • Results showed that 5.5% of women who suffered spontaneous abortion were prescribe antidepressants at the time, compared to only 2.7% of matched controls. (dangerousdrugs.us)
  • Information on all deaths of women aged 15 to 49 years in Finland (n = 15,823) was received from the Cause-of-Death Register and linked to the Medical Birth Register (n = 865,988 live births and stillbirths), the Register on Induced Abortions (n = 156,789 induced abortions), and the Hospital Discharge Register (n = 118,490 spontaneous abortions) to identify pregnancy-associated deaths (n = 419). (afar.info)
  • and coping styles of the women after the abortions. (afar.info)
  • This book provides information regarding incidence of viral and parasitic diseases, whether the patients had diabetes mellitus, as well as the immunological changes that associated with single and recurrent abortion as the main causes associated with abortion in Iraqi women. (logoburg.com)
  • Women with a history of RSA (recurrent spontaneous abortion) are exposed to higher rates of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes in their subsequent pregnancies. (fertilitypedia.org)
  • Researchers compared women who had spontaneous abortions with those who had live births or stillbirths during the 2 seasons to evaluate spontaneous abortion risk after receipt of the vaccine. (infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com)
  • Women who suffer from this disease may have a spontaneous abortion in the first 10 weeks of pregnancy. (youaremom.com)
  • Women seeking an abortion cannot be randomized to an experimental group that has the abortion or a control group that does not have the abortion. (nap.edu)
  • In 2009, the abortion rate in Mexico was 38 per 1,000 women aged 15-44. (guttmacher.org)
  • Unsafe abortion is common in all states of Mexico, especially among women aged 15-24, suggesting a need for improved family planning and postabortion services. (guttmacher.org)
  • Among the most important constraints to measuring the incidence of abortion are the stigma attached to the procedure and abortion's illegality, which result in underreporting by both women and providers, even when they are directly questioned. (guttmacher.org)
  • The Ministry of Health's National System of Health Information (Sistema Nacional de Información en Salud) provided data on the number of women treated for abortion complications in the various subsystems of public-sector hospitals in 2009 (the most recent year for which data were available at the time of the analysis). (guttmacher.org)
  • [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] FMF causes infertility or spontaneous abortion in about one third of women because peritoneal pelvic adhesions form, interfering with conception. (symptoma.com)
  • Participants were given a questionnaire, in 1992, and cases of live births and spontaneous abortions were obtained for the period between 1982 and 1990 from the population registry. (ilo.org)
  • RESULTS: 14 pregnancies resulted in live births and 4 resulted in abortions with chromosome abnormality. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Although a history of first-trimester recurrent spontaneous abortion (FRSA) is regarded as a risk factor in antenatal care, the characteristic of subsequent pregnancy outcome is not clearly elucidated. (hindawi.com)
  • ICD-9 code 634.1 for Spontaneous abortion complicated by delayed or excessive hemorrhage is a medical classification as listed by WHO under the range -OTHER PREGNANCY WITH ABORTIVE OUTCOME (634-639). (aapc.com)
  • Data were analyzed by means of Poisson regression models featuring the incidence rate of spontaneous abortion as the outcome and continuous or categorized plasma/blood Pb ratios as predictor variables. (harvard.edu)
  • Main outcome measure Spontaneous abortion, that is, fetal death within the first 22 weeks of pregnancy, was the outcome of interest. (bmj.com)
  • Pregnancy outcome was measured as the outcome of the first subsequent spontaneous pregnancy during the study period. (bmj.com)
  • We would like to emphasize, however, that if an infectious condition precipitates the first spontaneous abortion and is allowed to persist without treatment, the subsequent pregnancies often become high risk and thus jeopardize the outcome of the fetus. (fertilitysolution.com)
  • Physicians should be alert to the development of psychologic symptoms that frequently occur following spontaneous abortion (e.g., depression, anxiety). (aafp.org)
  • About 75% of all spontaneous abortions occur in the first trimester of pregnancy, generally between the 4th and 10th weeks. (health-care-information.org)
  • This information will help you understand how side effects, such as Abortion Spontaneous, can occur, and what you can do about them. (patientsville.com)
  • Although Loratadine demonstrated significant improvements in a number of clinically relevant cases, troublesome symptoms, such as Abortion Spontaneous , may still occur. (patientsville.com)
  • Infection within the uterus or the products of conception (usually a bacterial infection) may occur if any tissue from the placenta or fetus remains in the uterus after an abortion. (healthhype.com)
  • Most spontaneous abortions occur in the first 14 weeks of pregnancy. (checkpregnancy.com)
  • Persistent and severe bleeding and cramping will occur in an incomplete abortion. (checkpregnancy.com)
  • It has been speculated that spontaneous, random errors in meiosis or mitosis occur in sperms or in oocytes or during early embryogenesis that will lead to chromosomal damage. (fertilitysolution.com)
  • [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Spontaneous abortion , growth restriction, and mental retardation may occur at higher exposure levels. (symptoma.com)
  • Almost 20% of all pregnancies end in spontaneous abortion. (health-care-information.org)
  • When three consecutive pregnancies end in spontaneous abortion, it is known as habitual or recurrent abortion. (healthhype.com)
  • According to background information in the article, both folate deficiency and folic acid supplements have been reported to increase the risk of spontaneous abortion, which refers to the naturally occurring termination of a pregnancy - end of the pregnancy with expulsion of the fetus from the woman`s body - before the 20th week of pregnancy. (innovations-report.com)
  • A chromosomal abnormality is still believed to be the most common etiologic factor behind spontaneous abortions. (fertilitysolution.com)
  • The dramatic rise in the number of Down syndrome cases associated with advanced parental age suggests that spontaneous chromosomal damage more common with advancing age. (fertilitysolution.com)
  • This paper extends the literature on the relation between son preference and fertility by examining the link between mother's son preference and desire for more children with abortion rates. (edu.au)
  • Whether you call it chasteberry, chaste tree berry, or vitex, urine pregnancy test after spontaneous abortion botanical is one of the hottest supplements for fertility. (bartartdesign.com)
  • An increased risk of spontaneous abortion among fabrication workers has been linked to fluoride compound and photoresist and developed solvents (PDS) exposure. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Sets out guidelines that can help reduce the high levels of maternal morbidity and mortality associated with abortion, whether spontaneous or induced. (who.int)
  • Spontaneous abortions before week 21 (n = 35) were matched with pregnancies that survived beyond week 20 (n = 60) on maternal age, hospital, date of enrollment, and gestational age at enrollment. (nih.gov)
  • Maternal caffeine consumption and spontaneous abortion: a prospective cohort study. (nih.gov)
  • TY - JOUR T1 - Maternal caffeine consumption and spontaneous abortion: a prospective cohort study. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Location: UNITED KINGDOM , 39 years of age, patient began experiencing various side effects, including: Directly after treatment started, patient experienced the unwanted or unexpected Loratadine side effects: maternal exposure during pregnancy, abortion spontaneous. (patientsville.com)
  • Immune activation and the subsequent inflammation-induced tissue injury are often observed at the maternal-fetal interface as the final pathological assault in recurrent spontaneous abortion. (ovid.com)
  • Factors which significantly increased the odds ratio of spontaneous abortion were paternal exposure to organic solvents in general, high/frequent exposure to toluene or miscellaneous organic solvents (including thinners), and maternal heavy lifting. (sjweh.fi)
  • SIN treatment demonstrates a therapeutic effect on spontaneous abortion in RSA mice, possibly through regulating the balance of Th1/Th2 in maternal circulation and decidual tissues. (medscimonit.com)
  • [doi.org] Other than spontaneous abortion in three patients, we did not observe maternal or fetal complications. (symptoma.com)
  • Spontaneous pregnancy loss" has been recommended to avoid the term "abortion" and acknowledge the emotional aspects of losing a pregnancy. (aafp.org)
  • Candidatus Rickettsia asemboensis ' and Wolbachia tion and pregnancy loss (spontaneous abortions and spp. (cdc.gov)
  • Evidence regarding the association of Zika virus infection and pregnancy loss (spontaneous abortions and stillbirths) has been reported recently ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Failure of, not just, the cytokine and cell recognition mediated dialogue, but also the pre and peri-implantation "preparation of the uterus", as stated, leads to sterility, early pregnancy loss and recurrent abortions. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Early recurrent spontaneous abortion (ERSA), also called recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), is a disease distinct from infertility, defined by two or more failed pregnancies [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The actual chance that a woman will experience a subsequent pregnancy loss once she has had two spontaneous abortions has changed dramatically during the last 40 years. (fertilitysolution.com)
  • With three consecutive losses, it is known as a recurrent or habitual abortion. (checkpregnancy.com)
  • Recurrent abortion (medically termed habitual abortion) is defines as three or more successive spontaneous abortions. (logoburg.com)
  • In a complete abortion, all the products of conception have been expelled from the uterus. (healthhype.com)
  • This is a type of abortion where the fetus is dead but the products of conception are retained within the uterus. (healthhype.com)
  • Loss of pregnancy symptoms following a period of amenorrhea (cessation of periods), a decrease in size of the uterus, or inability to detect a fetal heart beat at the expected stage of pregnancy may raise a suspicion of missed abortion, which can be confirmed by ultrasonography. (healthhype.com)
  • Abortion - In medicine, an abortion is the premature exit of the products of conception (the fetus, fetal membranes, and placenta) from the uterus. (academic.ru)
  • Intrauterine fetal demise - the embryo is still present in the uterus but has died without presenting any symptoms of abortion. (phaa.com)
  • In complete abortions, the contents of the uterus are completely expelled. (checkpregnancy.com)
  • An abortion is the removal or expulsion of an embryo or fetus from the uterus, resulting in or caused by its death , when artificially induced by chemical , surgical , or other means. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • There was a significantly increased risk of spontaneous abortion associated with fluconazole exposure. (eurekalert.org)
  • CONCLUSION: Inadvertent 4vHPV exposure during or peripregnancy was not significantly associated with an increased risk of spontaneous abortion. (healthpartners.com)
  • Exposure to electromagnetic fields of cell phones increasingly occurs, but the potential influence on spontaneous abortion has not been thoroughly investigated. (stopumts.nl)
  • For placental outcomes, the incidence of placenta-mediated pregnancy complications (PMPC) in the study group increased in terms of late-onset preeclampsia, oligohydramnios, early-onset fetal growth restriction, and second-trimester abortion. (hindawi.com)
  • Previous cesarean section and abortion as risk factors for developing placenta previa. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Oxidative deamination of different amines in the placenta in spontaneous abortions and premature labor]. (semanticscholar.org)
  • There are seven types of spontaneous abortion are present. (logoburg.com)
  • Ultrasonography is helpful in the diagnosis of spontaneous abortion, but other testing may be needed if an ectopic pregnancy cannot be ruled out. (aafp.org)
  • Spontaneous Abortion: Diagnosis and Treatment. (deepdyve.com)
  • Transvaginal ultrasound should be performed in the first trimester of pregnancy when incomplete abortion is suspected and is extremely reliable in identifying intrauterine products of conception. (aafp.org)
  • The authors report a rare case of a 32-year-old woman who developed endogenous Candida albicans endophthalmitis following spontaneous abortion and removal of a contraceptive intrauterine device. (healio.com)
  • Celiac.com 08/13/2000) According to a recent study by Dr. Antonio Gasbarrini and colleagues from Gemelli Hospital, Catholic University, in Rome, celiac disease may play a role in recurrent spontaneous abortion and intrauterine fetal growth retardation. (celiac.com)
  • The researchers studied 44 patients who had a history of spontaneous abortion, 39 patients who had fetuses with intrauterine growth retardation and 50 normal controls. (celiac.com)
  • According to Dr. Antonio Gasbarrini: The patients with recurrent spontaneous abortion and those with intrauterine fetal growth retardation had a significantly higher frequency of serological markers of celiac disease than controls, as reported in the July 29th issue of The Lancet. (celiac.com)
  • First pregnancy in the same month, October 2007, which, however, ended with dilation and curettage for intrauterine abortion at the 7th week. (doctorsmedicalopinion.com)
  • In May 2008, a second pregnancy with the same development as the previous one: dilation and curettage in July 2008 for intrauterine abortion at the seventh week. (doctorsmedicalopinion.com)
  • Spontaneous abortion refers to a clinical condition describing the loss of the intrauterine product prior to the viability of the fetus, conventionally accepted as 20 weeks of intrauterine life, or 500 grams of fetal body weight. (fertilitysolution.com)
  • The natural course of psychological morbidity following spontaneous abortion is unclear. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These findings suggest that marital and social support are important in determining the level of psychiatric morbidity after repeated abortions. (afar.info)
  • We used two data sources to estimate abortion incidence and related morbidity: government hospital data from the Mexican Ministry of Health and a survey of key informants who were knowledgeable about abortion provision in Mexico. (guttmacher.org)
  • Objectives: Flight attendant occupational exposures include cosmic ionising radiation and circadian disruption.We wanted to determine whether these and other occupational exposures were associated with spontaneous abortion among female flight attendants. (cdc.gov)
  • Conclusions: Spontaneous abortion was associated with several flight attendant occupational exposures. (cdc.gov)
  • For peri-pregnancy and during pregnancy exposures, spontaneous abortions occurred in 11.2% and 8.6%, respectively. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • For peripregnancy and during pregnancy exposures, spontaneous abortions occurred in 110 (11.2%) and 77 (8.6%), respectively. (healthpartners.com)
  • The study highlights the need for studies addressing such exposures in order to prevent spontaneous abortions. (bmj.com)
  • Abortion is defined as the termination of pregnancy, either spontaneously or intentionally: 1. (medchrome.com)
  • Spontaneous abortion is the most common complication of pregnancy. (cmaj.ca)
  • Recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is a common complication of early pregnancy. (ijbs.com)
  • Surgically induced scleritis is a rare complication following ophthalmologic surgery such as cataract surgery, pterygium excision, strabismus surgery, and retinal detachment [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The risk of preterm birth was increased, but not the risk of spontaneous abortion . (symptoma.com)
  • Treatment for some complete abortions, and all incomplete abortions, requires D and C (dilatation and currettage). (health-care-information.org)
  • Spontaneous abortion encompasses threatened, incomplete, inevitable, complete, missed and septic abortions and is the most common cause of vaginal bleeding in the first trimester (first 12 weeks) of pregnancy. (healthhype.com)
  • In an incomplete abortion, there is usually persistent and severe vaginal bleeding with abdominal cramps. (healthhype.com)
  • Further, they found that three patients with recurrent spontaneous abortion (8%) and six patients whose fetuses had growth retardation (15%) tested positive for celiac disease. (celiac.com)
  • 05). Conclusion The blood of patients with recurrent abortion was in a state of high coagulation and the fibrinolytic system was damaged. (cnki.com.cn)
  • Spontaneous abortions and stillbirths were verified by chart review with spontaneous abortions adjudicated by clinical experts. (healthpartners.com)
  • A threatened abortion needs to be differentiated from an ectopic pregnancy (a more dangerous situation) by assessing the beta-human chorionic gonadotropin level ( Quantitative HCG Blood Test ) in conjunction with the ultrasonography report. (healthhype.com)
  • The most common cause of a spontaneous abortion is fetal death due to a hormonal imbalance. (petmd.com)
  • The focus of the study was to investigate the relationship between different indicators of socioeconomic position and the risk of spontaneous abortion, with the prospect of examining whether a proportion of spontaneous abortions are preventable. (bmj.com)
  • The socially patterned risk indicates that a proportion of spontaneous abortions may be preventable and that factors related to social position, probably of the environmental and behavioural type, may affect spontaneous abortion risk. (bmj.com)
  • These results suggest that the inflammation-promoted up-regulation of CCL28 and its receptors interaction in DSCs is involved in human spontaneous abortion via inducing DSC apoptosis. (ovid.com)
  • In this study, caffeine consumption is more strongly related to spontaneous abortion than alcohol or cigarette use in early pregnancy. (nih.gov)
  • In addition to vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy (which may be more severe than that seen in threatened abortion), low back pain and severe abdominal cramps are more likely to be present. (healthhype.com)
  • I n early pregnancy , spontaneous abortions are relatively common. (checkpregnancy.com)