Abortion, Induced: Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)Abortion, Spontaneous: Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.Abortion, Veterinary: Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.Abortion, Criminal: Illegal termination of pregnancy.Abortion, Therapeutic: Abortion induced to save the life or health of a pregnant woman. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Abortion Applicants: Individuals requesting induced abortions.Abortion, Missed: The retention in the UTERUS of a dead FETUS two months or more after its DEATH.Abortion, Septic: Any type of abortion, induced or spontaneous, that is associated with infection of the UTERUS and its appendages. It is characterized by FEVER, uterine tenderness, and foul discharge.Abortion, Habitual: Three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions.Abortion, Threatened: UTERINE BLEEDING from a GESTATION of less than 20 weeks without any CERVICAL DILATATION. It is characterized by vaginal bleeding, lower back discomfort, or midline pelvic cramping and a risk factor for MISCARRIAGE.Abortifacient Agents: Chemical substances that interrupt pregnancy after implantation.Abortion, Incomplete: Premature loss of PREGNANCY in which not all the products of CONCEPTION have been expelled.Aborted Fetus: A mammalian fetus expelled by INDUCED ABORTION or SPONTANEOUS ABORTION.Abortifacient Agents, Steroidal: Steroidal compounds with abortifacient activity.Abortion, Eugenic: Abortion performed because of possible fetal defects.Misoprostol: A synthetic analog of natural prostaglandin E1. It produces a dose-related inhibition of gastric acid and pepsin secretion, and enhances mucosal resistance to injury. It is an effective anti-ulcer agent and also has oxytocic properties.Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal: Non-steroidal chemical compounds with abortifacient activity.Pregnancy, Unplanned: Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.Pregnancy, Unwanted: Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.Vacuum Curettage: Aspiration of the contents of the uterus with a vacuum curette.Pregnancy Trimester, First: The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.Pregnant Women: Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.Contraception: Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.Sterilization, Reproductive: Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.Legislation, Medical: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.Minors: A person who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded.Fetal Death: Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.Women's Rights: The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Personhood: The state or condition of being a human individual accorded moral and/or legal rights. Criteria to be used to determine this status are subject to debate, and range from the requirement of simply being a human organism to such requirements as that the individual be self-aware and capable of rational thought and moral agency.Mifepristone: A progestational and glucocorticoid hormone antagonist. Its inhibition of progesterone induces bleeding during the luteal phase and in early pregnancy by releasing endogenous prostaglandins from the endometrium or decidua. As a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist, the drug has been used to treat hypercortisolism in patients with nonpituitary CUSHING SYNDROME.Contraception Behavior: Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.Reproductive Rights: Reproductive rights rest on the recognition of the basic right of all couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing and timing of their children and to have the information and means to do so, and the right to attain the highest standard of sexual and reproductive health. They also include the right of all to make decisions concerning reproduction free of discrimination, coercion and violence.Birth Rate: The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.Dilatation and Curettage: Dilatation of the cervix uteri followed by a scraping of the endometrium with a curette.Pregnancy Outcome: Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Beginning of Human Life: The point at which religious ensoulment or PERSONHOOD is considered to begin.Pregnancy Trimester, Second: The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.Neospora: A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Its species are parasitic in dogs, cattle, goats, and sheep, among others. N. caninum, a species that mainly infects dogs, is intracellular in neural and other cells of the body, multiplies by endodyogeny, has no parasitophorous vacuole, and has numerous rhoptries. It is known to cause lesions in many tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord as well as abortion in the expectant mother.Pregnancy Trimesters: The three approximately equal periods of a normal human PREGNANCY. Each trimester is about three months or 13 to 14 weeks in duration depending on the designation of the first day of gestation.Parental Notification: Reporting to parents or guardians about care to be provided to a minor (MINORS).Pregnancy in Adolescence: Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.Contraceptive Devices: Devices that diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Uterine Hemorrhage: Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.Life: The state that distinguishes organisms from inorganic matter, manifested by growth, metabolism, reproduction, and adaptation. It includes the course of existence, the sum of experiences, the mode of existing, or the fact of being. Over the centuries inquiries into the nature of life have crossed the boundaries from philosophy to biology, forensic medicine, anthropology, etc., in creative as well as scientific literature. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.Catholicism: The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)Parity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.Illegitimacy: The state of birth outside of wedlock. It may refer to the offspring or the parents.Judicial Role: The kind of action or activity proper to the judiciary, particularly its responsibility for decision making.Coccidiosis: Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA.Pregnancy, Ectopic: A potentially life-threatening condition in which EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs outside the cavity of the UTERUS. Most ectopic pregnancies (>96%) occur in the FALLOPIAN TUBES, known as TUBAL PREGNANCY. They can be in other locations, such as UTERINE CERVIX; OVARY; and abdominal cavity (PREGNANCY, ABDOMINAL).Sheep Diseases: Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.Placenta Diseases: Pathological processes or abnormal functions of the PLACENTA.Gynecology: A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the physiology and disorders primarily of the female genital tract, as well as female endocrinology and reproductive physiology.Pregnancy Complications, Infectious: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Jurisprudence: The science or philosophy of law. Also, the application of the principles of law and justice to health and medicine.Morals: Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Chlamydophila: A genus of the family CHLAMYDIACEAE comprising gram-negative non CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS-like species infecting vertebrates. Chlamydophila do not produce detectable quantities of glycogen. The type species is CHLAMYDOPHILA PSITTACI.Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Congenital Abnormalities: Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.Maternal Mortality: Maternal deaths resulting from complications of pregnancy and childbirth in a given population.Fetus: The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.Supreme Court Decisions: Decisions made by the United States Supreme Court.United StatesHorse Diseases: Diseases of domestic and wild horses of the species Equus caballus.Obstetrics: A medical-surgical specialty concerned with management and care of women during pregnancy, parturition, and the puerperium.Placenta: A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).Administration, Sublingual: Administration of a soluble dosage form by placement under the tongue.Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Intrauterine Devices: Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Goat Diseases: Diseases of the domestic or wild goat of the genus Capra.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Human Characteristics: The fundamental dispositions and traits of humans. (Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Contraception, Postcoital: Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).Conscience: The cognitive and affective processes which constitute an internalized moral governor over an individual's moral conduct.Value of Life: The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Parental Consent: Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.Uterine Perforation: A hole or break through the wall of the UTERUS, usually made by the placement of an instrument or INTRAUTERINE DEVICES.Moral Obligations: Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.Administration, Intravaginal: The insertion of drugs into the vagina to treat local infections, neoplasms, or to induce labor. The dosage forms may include medicated pessaries, irrigation fluids, and suppositories.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Fetal Resorption: The disintegration and assimilation of the dead FETUS in the UTERUS at any stage after the completion of organogenesis which, in humans, is after the 9th week of GESTATION. It does not include embryo resorption (see EMBRYO LOSS).Ethics: The philosophy or code pertaining to what is ideal in human character and conduct. Also, the field of study dealing with the principles of morality.Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Hydatidiform Mole: Trophoblastic hyperplasia associated with normal gestation, or molar pregnancy. It is characterized by the swelling of the CHORIONIC VILLI and elevated human CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN. Hydatidiform moles or molar pregnancy may be categorized as complete or partial based on their gross morphology, histopathology, and karyotype.Abnormalities, Drug-Induced: Congenital abnormalities caused by medicinal substances or drugs of abuse given to or taken by the mother, or to which she is inadvertently exposed during the manufacture of such substances. The concept excludes abnormalities resulting from exposure to non-medicinal chemicals in the environment.Chlamydophila psittaci: A genus of CHLAMYDOPHILA infecting primarily birds. It contains eight known serovars, some of which infect more than one type of host, including humans.Infertility, Female: Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Religion and Medicine: The interrelationship of medicine and religion.Aftercare: The care and treatment of a convalescent patient, especially that of a patient after surgery.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.

Ganglioside GM2-activator protein and vesicular transport in collecting duct intercalated cells. (1/515)

This study describes the molecular characterization of an antigen defined by an autoantibody from a woman with habitual abortion as GM2-activator protein. The patient showed no disorder of renal function. Accidentally with routine serum screening for autoantibodies, an immunoreactivity was found in kidney collecting duct intercalated cells. Three distinct patterns of immunostaining of intercalated cells were observed: staining of the apical pole, basolateral pole, and diffuse cytoplasmic labeling. Ultrastructurally, the immunoreactivity was associated with "studs," which represent the cytoplasmic domain of the vacuolar proton pump in intercalated cells. This pump is subjected to a shuttling mechanism from cytoplasmic stores to the cell membrane, which exclusively occurs in intercalated cells. Peptide sequences of a 23-kD protein purified from rat kidney cortex showed complete identity with corresponding sequences of GM2-activator protein. In the brain, GM2-activator protein is required for hexosaminidase A to split a sugar from ganglioside GM2. Because neither ganglioside GM2 nor GM1 (its precursor) is present in significant amounts in the kidney, the previous finding that this tissue contains the highest level of activator protein in the body was confusing. In this study, a novel role for GM2-activator protein in intercalated cells is proposed, and possible roles in the shuttling mechanism are discussed.  (+info)

Factor V Leiden and antibodies against phospholipids and protein S in a young woman with recurrent thromboses and abortion. (2/515)

We describe the case of a 39-year-old woman who suffered two iliofemoral venous thromboses, a cerebral ischemic infarct and recurrent fetal loss. Initial studies showed high levels of antiphospholipid antibodies (APAs) and a moderate thrombocytopenia. After her second miscarriage, laboratory diagnosis revealed that the woman was heterozygous for the factor V Leiden mutation and had a functional protein S deficiency as well as anti-protein S and anti-beta 2-glycoprotein I antibodies. The impairment of the protein C pathway at various points could well explain the recurrent thromboses in the patient and supports the role of a disturbed protein C system in the pathophysiology of thrombosis in patients with APAs.  (+info)

Possible mechanisms of immunotherapy for maintaining pregnancy in recurrent spontaneous aborters: analysis of anti-idiotypic antibodies directed against autologous T-cell receptors. (3/515)

We examined whether immunotherapy for recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) using paternal lymphocytes induces anti-T-cell receptor (TCR) idiotypic antibodies in RSA patients. The sera of these patients were assessed for inhibitory activity against mixed lymphocyte reactions (MLR) between maternal responder cells and paternal stimulator cells. Sera of four of the five women who maintained pregnancy successfully after immunotherapy showed significant MLR inhibition, whereas none of the five women who had unsuccessful pregnancies showed significant MLR inhibition. These sera inhibited the MLR of autologous responder T-cells, when stimulated with lymphocytes having the same HLA-DR antigens as the patient's husband, but not when stimulated with lymphocytes having unrelated HLA-DR antigens. This MLR inhibitory activity was absorbed by autologous maternal T-lymphoblasts induced by stimulation with lymphocytes having the paternal HLA-DR type but not by those induced by stimulation with lymphocytes having other HLA-DR types. The maternal serum inhibited the proliferation of autologous T-cells, but not of non-autologous T-cells, stimulated with paternal lymphocytes. These results indicate that anti-TCR idiotypic antibodies were induced in RSA patients by immunotherapy. These antibodies may contribute to maintaining pregnancy by negatively regulating maternal T-cells directed against HLA-DR antigens of the fetus.  (+info)

Prevention of recurrent spontaneous abortion by intravenous immunoglobulin: a double-blind placebo-controlled study. (4/515)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in the prevention of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). In a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study, 41 women with a history of unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion were treated with IVIG or saline infusions during pregnancy. The birth of a child was considered a successful outcome. The overall success rate was 77% in the IVIG group compared with 79% in the placebo group. For women with primary RSA the success rates were 82 (IVIG) and 89% (placebo), and for women with secondary RSA the rates were 73 (IVIG) and 70% (placebo). We found no statistically significant difference in treatment results between IVIG and placebo.  (+info)

Neospora caninum infection and repeated abortions in humans. (5/515)

To determine whether Neospora caninum, a parasite known to cause repeated abortions and stillbirths in cattle, also causes repeated abortions in humans, we retrospectively examined serum samples of 76 women with a history of abortions for evidence of N. caninum infection. No antibodies to the parasite were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, immunofluorescence assay, or Western blot.  (+info)

Resection of uterine septum using gynaecoradiological techniques. (6/515)

This paper presents further refinements in our technique for the resection of uterine septum. Fourteen patients [infertility (n = 9) and recurrent miscarriages (n = 5)] underwent in-office resection of a uterine septum under fluoroscopic control. The main outcome measure was complete resection of uterine septum. Resections were carried out using either hysteroscopic scissors in combination with a specially designed uterine balloon catheter, or microlaparoscopy scissors in conjunction with a cervical cannula. In all patients the septum was successfully resected without any intra-operative complications. We conclude that ambulatory gynaecoradiological resection of uterine septa is a safe and simple procedure. It avoids utilization of expensive operating room time, general anaesthesia, and some complications associated with hysteroscopic resection, such as fluid retention and electrolyte imbalance.  (+info)

Endometriosis and unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion: pathological states resulting from aberrant modulation of natural killer cell function? (7/515)

The observation that natural killer (NK) cell activity is abnormally low in endometriosis patients and abnormally high in women with otherwise unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion represents, at present, an intriguing curiosity. There is evidence suggesting that these conditions are associated with an opposite regulation of NK cell behaviour. This review discusses these observations and potential relationships.  (+info)

Implications of sperm chromosome abnormalities in recurrent miscarriage. (8/515)

PURPOSE: Our purpose was to assess the existence of sperm chromosome abnormalities in recurrent pregnancy loss in an assisted reproduction program. METHODS: In this prospective study, 12 sperm samples from couples undergoing in vitro fertilization with two or more first-trimester spontaneous abortions were analyzed. Diploidy and disomy in decondensed sperm nuclei were assessed for chromosomes 13, 18, 21, X, and Y using two- and three-color fluorescence in situ hybridization. RESULTS: Sex chromosome disomy in sperm samples from recurrent abortion couples was significantly increased compared to that from internal controls (0.84% vs 0.37%). In a subpopulation of seven couples who underwent oocyte donation, mean frequencies for sex chromosome disomy (1%) were even higher and diploidy (0.43%) was also significantly increased. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest an implication of sperm chromosome abnormalities in some cases of recurrent pregnancy loss.  (+info)

Background: Many factors have been implicated in the pathogenesis of unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA). The current study was conducted to determine the possible role of antioxidant status and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in URSA.. Methods: Reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione reductase (GSH-R), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), nitric oxide (NO), malondialdehyde (MDA) and TNF-α were assayed in women suffering unexplained first-trimester abortions. Two groups were included, the first represented by 24 women with URSA (number of abortions 3-5) and the second included 16 women with URSA (number of abortions ,5). The control group included 20 women within their first trimester of pregnancy and 20 non-pregnant healthy females within their follicular phase.. Results: We observed that the antioxidant levels measured were significantly lower in URSA groups than in the control group (p,0.05 for each comparison). Higher TNF-α, MDA and NO ...
Correction: Genetic Variants in MicroRNA Machinery Genes Are Associate with Idiopathic Recurrent Pregnancy Loss Risk. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
1. Rai R, Regan L. Recurrent miscarriage. Lancet. 2006;368:601-11 2. Dukhovny S, Zutshi P, Abbott JF. Recurrent second trimester pregnancy loss: evaluation and management. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2009;16:451-8 3. Li TC, Makris M, Tomsu M, Tuckerman E, Laird S. Recurrent miscarriage: aetiology, management and prognosis. Hum Reprod Update. 2002;8:463-81 4. Krieg SA, Fan X, Hong Y, Sang QX, Giaccia A, Westphal LM. et al. Global alteration in gene expression profiles of deciduas from women with idiopathic recurrent pregnancy loss. Molecular human reproduction. 2012;18:442-50 5. Pang L, Wei Z, Li O, Huang R, Qin J, Chen H. et al. An increase in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF soluble receptor-1 (sFlt-1) are associated with early recurrent spontaneous abortion. PLoS One. 2013;8:e75759 6. Pandey MK, Rani R, Agrawal S. An update in recurrent spontaneous abortion. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2005;272:95-108 7. Hamilton TA, Zhao C, Pavicic PG Jr, Datta S. Myeloid colony-stimulating ...
The EVE- technology is intended for determination of intolerance or sensitivity to female sex hormones among women with hormone-related conditions and for further treatment by desensitization procedure inducing a tolerance to the hormones the women are sensitive to.. This study is designed to evaluate the safety and the ability of the EVE- Skin-Test Panel to detect sensitivity to female sex hormones in subjects with Unexplained Recurrent Pregnancy Loss (URPL) and in Control parous, healthy women.. The Skin Test Panel includes four female hormones and three control solutions.. Hormones from the Skin Test Panel are injected intradermally during the luteal phase of the subjects menstrual cycle. The skin reactions are examined by physician for erythema and wheal after 20 minutes and 48 hours and self-assessed by the patient daily for the following month.. Skin response monthly data is analyzed and compared between unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss (UPRL) and healthy groups.. Following ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Polymorphisms in the fibrinolytic pathway genes and the risk of recurrent spontaneous abortion. AU - Andraweera, Prabha H.. AU - Dekker, Gustaaf A.. AU - Thompson, Steven D.. AU - Nowak, Rachael C.. AU - Jayasekara, Rohan W.. AU - Dissanayake, Vajira H.W.. AU - Roberts, Claire T.. PY - 2014/12/1. Y1 - 2014/12/1. N2 - Impaired fibrinolytic activity is implicated in the pathogenesis of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). This case-control study assessed the prevalence of polymorphisms in fibrinolytic system genes in RSA. Cases comprised 202 Sinhalese women who had experienced at least two first-trimester spontaneous abortions and had no living children; controls were 202 women with no history of spontaneous abortion and two or more living children. The groups were matched for age and ethnicity. DNA was genotyped using the Sequenom MassARRAY system. The PLAUR rs4251923 A (OR 95% CI 2.3 [1.3 to 4.0]), SERBP2 rs6098 A (OR 95% CI 1.4 [1.1 to 1.9]) and SERBP2 rs6103 C alleles (OR 95% ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Subsequent pregnancy outcomes in recurrent miscarriage patients with a paternal or maternal carrier of a structural chromosome rearrangement. AU - Sugiura-Ogasawara, Mayumi. AU - Aoki, Koji. AU - Fujii, Tomoyuki. AU - Fujita, Tomio. AU - Kawaguchi, Rie. AU - Maruyama, Tetsuo. AU - Ozawa, Nobuaki. AU - Sugi, Toshitaka. AU - Takeshita, Toshiyuki. AU - Saito, Shigeru. PY - 2008/7/1. Y1 - 2008/7/1. N2 - Information concerning the prognosis of subsequent pregnancies in patients with reciprocal translocations is limited. This study was performed to determine the percentage success rate with first pregnancies after ascertainment of a carrier status. A total of 2,382 couples with a history of two or more consecutive miscarriages were studied in multicenters. The prevalence of an abnormal chromosome in either partner was examined, and subsequent success rates were compared between cases with and without an abnormal karyotype in either partner. A total of 129 couples (5.4%) had an abnormal ...
Th17 cells and Treg cells are recently discovered lymphocyte subsets, that are different from Th1 and Th2. Th17 cells are associated with chronic inflammation through the secretion of the inflammatory cytokines IL-17A (also known as IL-17), IL-17F, IL-6, IL-21, IL-22 and TNF-α, which play a major role in the development of organ transplant rejection (11,12). Normal pregnancy is similar to an allograft. Nakashima et al found that there were lower levels of Th17 cells in the peripheral blood of normal pregnant women (13). Recent studies reported that the proportions and concentrations of Th17 cells in the peripheral blood were increased in pregnant women with URSA than when compared to normal pregnant and non-pregnant women (6). This association correlated with the secretion of other inflammatory cytokines (14). To study the expression of IL-17 in women that have undergone abortion, we suggested that the activation of IL-17 could increase the expression of NF-κB, thereby reducing the number of ...
Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) isnt really a popular topic and not something I thought I would experience after having trouble getting pregnant. Who knew that getting pregnant was only a small step in the right direction?. Recurrent pregnancy loss is a distinct disease from infertility and is defined by two or more failed pregnancies. Some people experience both infertility and loss, like me, and others experience one or the other.. For me, recurrent pregnancy loss and infertility are one and the same. They are what kept me from bringing a baby home from the hospital for seven long years. I am infertile and while IVF helped me conceive, I miscarried every time. Recurrent loss is the ultimate problem for me.. Most miscarriages are due to an abnormal embryo - an unlucky accident, with no underlying medical issue, unless your specific issue is age-related or egg quality related. But, if you have miscarried three times, it is quite unlikely that this is due to three abnormal pregnancies, but rather ...
Recurrent miscarriage, habitual abortion, or recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is three or more consecutive pregnancy losses. Infertility differs because it is the inability to conceive. In many cases the cause of RPL is unknown. After three or more losses, a thorough evaluation is recommended by American Society of Reproductive Medicine. About 1% of couples trying to have children are affected by recurrent miscarriage. There are various causes for recurrent miscarriage, and some can be treated. Some couples never have a cause identified, often after extensive investigations. About 50-75% of cases of Recurrent Miscarriage are unexplained. Fifteen percent of women who have experienced three or more recurring miscarriages have some anatomical reason for the inability to complete the pregnancy. The structure of the uterus has an effect on the ability to carry a child to term. Anatomical differences are common and can be congenital. In the second trimester a weak cervix can become a recurrent problem. ...
1 % of all pregnancies end in habitual/recurrent abortion. In about half of women with habitual abortions (HAB) hereditary or acquired (antiphospholipid antibodies) thrombophilia are observed. The investigators wanted to test whether antithrombotic treatment (Low-Molecular Weight Heparin, LMWH, ASA or both combined)would prevent these women from a subsequent abortion. Depending on thrombophilic status the women included in one of the three sub-studies: HABENOX 1 (mild, single thrombophilia), HABENOX 2 (no known thrombophilia), HABENOX 3 (moderate to severe thrombophilia, with combined thrombophilia or moderate to high titer antiphospholipid antibodies).. Study design: Randomised placebo controlled multicenter study.. Number of patients per study: 90 patients per group, 270 altogether.. Timetable: Starting 2/2002, finishing 31.12.2007.. Time frame: ,37 weeks of gestation and ,24, but ,37 weeks of gestation (premature). Treatment started before 7. gw.. HABENOX 1 and 2:. Study groups:. Group 1 : ...
Read "HLA‐G polymorphisms in couples with recurrent spontaneous abortions, Tissue Antigens" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
If a woman experiences miscarriages for more than two or three times, the condition is termed as recurrent miscarriages. Recurrent loss of pregnancy (RPL), habitual abortion or recurrent miscarriage is defined as the loss of pregnancy before the fetus is 20 weeks old. Besides being a medical issue, it is also a serious disturbing psychological condition. This condition can make the woman depressed and tremendously drained of hope. However, it may be of some relief that most women who have experienced recurrent miscarriages go on to become happy mothers under medical supervision. The chance of a woman with a history of recurrent miscarriages to have a baby is a good 60%, especially if the reason of the miscarriage cannot be concluded. About half the cases of recurrent miscarriages go without the cause being ascertained by doctors.. ...
There were 578 miscarriages with chromosome results. Of the subjects, 18% were obese at the time of miscarriage. The mean maternal age at miscarriage was similar between the obese and nonobese groups. Due to the high rate of maternal cell contamination in the prior miscarriages, only subsequent miscarriages with chromosome results were included in the primary analysis. Of the 117 subsequent miscarriages, the frequency of an euploid miscarriage among obese women was 58% compared with 37% of nonobese women (relative risk = 1.63; 95% confidence interval 1.08-2.47).. Conclusion(s): ...
No aspect of the immunology of pregnancy is more controversial than the subject of recurrent pregnancy loss, or, as it will be called here, recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSAb). Nor is there any...
To describe and analyze the benefit of immunomodulatory drugs for recurrent miscarriages and implantation failures. The literature research was conducted in Medline, Embase and Cochrane Library concerning recurrent miscarriages and implantation failures and steroids, progesterone, intralipids, TNF-α …
Repeated two to three spontaneous pregnancy loss is termed as recurrent miscarriage. Although the causes of recurrent miscarriage differ from the causes of spontaneous miscarriage, the symptoms remain the same like in most miscarriages.
Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) can be defined as more than two to three consecutive miscarriages before 24 weeks gestation. A literature review was done to provide an evidence-based approach to RPL, identifying the risk factors and causes and also looking at the various special investigations that form part of the work-up and trying to assess which have been proven to be effective or of negative impact, and which of the management options lead to a better outcome. We concluded that the following special investigations should be part of the work-up for all patients with RPL: (i) genetic counselling and karyotyping of the abortus; (ii) anticardiolipin antibodies and lupus anticoagulant testing must be done on two occasions, 6 - 8 weeks apart; (iii) all patients qualify for a pelvic ultrasound scan and hysteroscopy; (iv) syphilis testing must be done routinely; and (v) testing of thyroid function and glucose monitoring/glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) measurement must be done in all patients with ...
Institut Marquès has developed specific tests to detect and treat repeated miscarriages and thus provide the best service to our patients.
The pathophysiology of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is still unknown in 50% of the cases. Herein we measure the expression of beta3 integrin subunit, a well-known implantation marker, in women with or without RPL and correlate it with the histological dating of the endometrial tissue. LH-timed endometrial biopsies were obtained from cases (RPL; n = 21, age 33.9+/-4.7) and healthy controls (n = 29; age 29.8+/-4.1) during the mid-secretory phase (post ovulatory day: 8 to 10). Endometrial samples were timed histologically according to Noyes criteria and underwent immunohistochemical staining for beta3 integrin expression. For statistical analysis the semi-quantitative HSCORE was assessed. Type I (beta3 negative in an out-of-phase endometrium) and Type II defect (beta3 negative in an in-phase endometrium) were also analysed. Statistical analysis was done with Student t-test, Mann Whitney U test, ANCOVA and chi square for trend. Significance was set as P < 0.05. The mean (SD) age in controls was lower
OBJECTIVE: To compare epidemiological and obstetric characteristics, etiology and next pregnancy outcomes of women with primary vs. secondary recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study, including 420 patients with two or more consecutive pregnancy losses followed by a subsequent (index) pregnancy, of whom 162 were primary RPL women and 258 were secondary RPL women. All patients were evaluated and treated in the RPL clinic at the Soroka University Medical Center. RESULTS: Live birth rate in the index pregnancy was not statistically different between primary and secondary RPL women (75.9 and 70.9%, respectively). The only significant difference in the etiology evaluation was in abnormal prolactin levels (14.1% of the primary and 1.4% of the secondary RPL group). Women with primary RPL had, at the index pregnancy, significantly higher rates of preterm delivery, fetal growth restriction, and gestational diabetes mellitus. In a multivariable logistic regression ...
Pregnancy loss is the one of the most common obstetrical complications. The majority of pregnancy losses are random or isolated incidences that in many cases are related to genetic abnormalities. However, 2-5 % of reproductive age women experience recurrent miscarriages.1,2 Recurrent pregnancy loss is typically defined as two or three or more consecutive pregnancy losses. Genetic, hormonal, metabolic, uterine anatomical, infectious, environmental, occupational and personal habits, thrombophilia, or immune disorders were reported as possible etiologies.3-6 Despite the many etiologies, a majority of women with recurrent miscarriage have no discernible cause. It has been postulated that immunologic aberrations may be the cause in many of such cases. Immunopathological evaluation of placenta from women with recurrent pregnancy losses of immune etiologies often demonstrate increased inflammatory cell infiltration at the implantation site and increased fibrin deposition on deciduas and/or perivillous
Results 1.2% (6/465) women had hyperprolactinaemia. 109 women with unexplained RM had subsequent pregnancies during the study period. The mean (±SD) age of these women was 31.9±5.2 years. The concentrations of plasma prolactin were within the normal range in all cases (mean±SD 278±146 mIU/l). 60 of the 109 women had live births and 49 had spontaneous abortions. These women were further divided into two subgroups according to the value of their prolactin concentrations. Women with prolactin concentrations above the mean had significantly higher live birth rates (66.7%) than women with prolactin concentrations below the mean (46.9%) (p,0.05).. ...
Objective To study the local expression of membrane tissue CD4,CD8 immune cells and TM,PAI-1,F_(1+ 2),D-dimers coagulation related factors in unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion patients and their relevance,so to provide help for the treatment of patients with unexplained abortion. Methods The CD4/CD8 cells were counted and the CD4/CD8 ratio was calculated by immunocytochemistry. Using enzymelinked immunosorbent assay and adsorption test method in 50 patients with unexplained abortion( experimental group,non-pregnant) for plasma thrombomodulin( TM),plasminogen activator inhibitor-1( PAI-1),prothrombin fragment F_(1+ 2),D dimer( D-dimer,D-D) and the normal pregnancy factor concentration,and 50 women( control group) as control,the expression of the above two groups factors in two groups were measured,and then compared the results. Results Compared with the control group,TM,PAI-1 and F_(1+ 2) were highly expressed,and the expression of D-D was low. The difference between the two groups was
Semantic Scholar extracted view of Recurrent early pregnancy loss and genetic-related disturbances in folate and homocysteine metabolism. by Willianne L D M Nelen et al.
According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM), recurrent pregnancy loss is when a woman has two or more miscarriages (clinical pregnancies) before 20 weeks gestation.. Possible Causes:. ...
Interleukins are a group of immunomodulatory proteins that mediate a variety of immune reactions in the human body. To investigate the association between interleukin gene polymorphisms and recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), we reviewed 21 studies from MEDLINE, EMBASE, OVID SP and PubMed to evaluate RPL-related interleukin gene polymorphisms. Meta-analysis was performed on 12 of the polymorphisms, and a review included the others. Our integrated results indicated that IL-1β (-511C/T) (P = 0.02, 95% CI 0.77[0.62,0.96]), IL-6 (-634C/G) ( ...
This is all about avoiding success after recurrent pregnancy loss time that your body releases eggs from your ovaries, which normally happens in the middle of your pregnxncy. The main sources for this hub are the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Nutrition Program and WebMd. Though Prwgnancy think at 41 years of age, I can hang up the pram. Being a mother is truly a rewarding journey; pregnncy, trials and hardships can never be avoided as they are inevitable. and Zoosk, for example, offer mobile dating where you can log in securely from your smartphone. It may help kids that are suffering in foster homes and recurrrent that they are forgotten. You could also start your own family-oriented social group by inviting all your single-parent friends and their children to some event, such as a picnic or a day at the zoo. Headaches are the result of increased blood circulation caused by pregnancy hormones. Theres the option of displaying onscreen notices, or suspending play when these ...
ICD-9 code 629.81 for Recurrent pregnancy loss without current pregnancy is a medical classification as listed by WHO under the range - OTHER D
Find valuable recurrent pregnancy loss information and solutions with Family Fertility in Lehigh Valley, PA - seek advice from an experienced gynecologist.
Its possible to become pregnant during the menstrual cycle immediately after a miscarriage. But if you and your partner decide to attempt another pregnancy, make sure youre physically and emotionally ready. Ask your health care provider for guidance about when you might try to conceive.. Keep in mind that miscarriage is usually a one-time occurrence. Most women who miscarry go on to have a healthy pregnancy after miscarriage. Less than 5 percent of women have two consecutive miscarriages, and only 1 percent have three or more consecutive miscarriages.. If you experience multiple miscarriages, generally two or three in a row, consider testing to identify any underlying causes - such as uterine abnormalities, coagulation problems or chromosomal abnormalities. If the cause of your miscarriages cant be identified, dont lose hope. About 60 to 80 percent of women with unexplained repeated miscarriages go on to have healthy pregnancies.. PreviousNext ...
MU Health Cares fertility specialists can investigate the root cause of your recurrent pregnancy loss and help you overcome the condition.
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What are the effects of treatments for unexplained recurrent miscarriage? What are the effects of treatments for recurrent miscarriage caused by antiphospholipid syndrome?
Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) has been used ever since the Antiquity for its painkilling and anti-inflammatory effects. Its antiplatelet properties have then extended its indications to the field of coronaropathy and vascular cerebral disease, and finally to vascular placental disease. Aspirin has been widely prescribed since the 1980s to prevent pre-eclampsia, intra-uterine growth retardation and fetal death of vascular origin. It has also been proposed to prevent unexplained recurrent miscarriages. Its use during pregnancy is considered as safe, provided the daily doses do not exceed 100mg. Aspirin has been proven efficient to prevent pre-eclampsia and fetal growth restriction in high-risk patients. The benefits of prescribing aspirin have been demonstrated neither for vascular placental disease prevention in low risk patients, nor in cases of unexplained recurrent miscarriages.
Background:It is not possible to identify the cause of the recurrent early pregnancy loss in approximately half of the cases, and different results have been reported according to estrogen (ER) and progesterone receptors (PR). The objective of this work was to evaluate the PR and ER levels in the endometrium of patients with recurrent early pregnancy loss, and to compare them with those of patients with proven fertility ...
Next article in issue: Should We Re-Examine the Status of Lymphocyte Alloimmunization Therapy for Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion? Next article in issue: Should We Re-Examine the Status of Lymphocyte Alloimmunization Therapy for Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion? ...
Principal Investigator:JUJI Takeo, Project Period (FY):1989 - 1990, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for General Scientific Research (A), Research Field:Obstetrics and gynecology
Hi ladies, just going through my 4th MC. Its heart breaking but I have been referred to St Georges recurrent miscarriage clinic in Tooting. Has anyone had any experience of this clinic and any advice they would like to share? Im considering Dr Shehata but thought I would give my NHS clinic a go, especially as I can get an appt this Thursday. Many thanks
What is the best evidence-based treatment for recurrent miscarriages? The answer may surprise you!. Anyone who has struggled to become pregnant or stay pregnant knows how stressful it can be getting through the first trimester. It is so exciting to get that positive pregnancy test, but then you wait on pins and needles to make it through the first trimester, knowing that your chance for miscarriage drops dramatically once you do. Even then, for women who took a while to conceive or who have a history of pregnancy losses, it can be hard to let go of the worry and enjoy their pregnancy.. A paper published in the journal, BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, an open access, peer-reviewed journal, reviews the current evidence-base for commonly used treatments for recurrent miscarriage. It also makes a compelling argument for the use of acupuncture, not only in the case of recurrent miscarriage, but also in the case of a threatened miscarriage (light to heavy vaginal bleeding in early ...
The study, by medics at University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire (UHCW) NHS Trust and Warwick Medical School, pinpoints how body clock genes are temporarily switched off in the lining of the womb to allow an embryo to implant. Timing of this event is critical for pregnancy. The researchers examined endometrial cells from womb linings of healthy women, and also biopsies from women who had sadly suffered from recurrent pregnancy loss. The study has found that women suffering from recurrent miscarriages may be less able to regulate clock genes in the lining of the womb. The study also provides new insights into how night and shift work could affect female fertility. It is hoped that by identifying the causes behind recurrent miscarriages, that fertility experts will be able to help more prospective parents than ever before. It could have major implications for IVF, as the findings suggest that fertility specialists could, in future, target bio-rhythms in the womb to improve the environment ...
The traditional paradigm suggests that during normal pregnancy maternal immunological tolerance of the allogenic fetus is association with a maternal T-lymphocyte shift from a Th1 to a Th2 phenotype, with the opposite effect reported in patients with recurrent miscarriage. However, studies on maternal peripheral blood are conflicting. In the present study, we characterized the maternal CD4 T-cell effector subsets, including the recently described Th17 subset, during normal pregnancy (cross-sectional cohort, n=71; longitudinal cohort, n=17) and contrasted this with women with recurrent miscarriage (n=24). Longitudinal analysis of peripheral blood from normal pregnancy demonstrated a fall in the percentage of Th17 cells between the first and second trimester (P≤0.05), but no significant changes were observed across gestation or the post-natal period in Th1 or Th2 subsets. In contrast, in women with a history of recurrent miscarriage, an elevated proportion of Th17 (0.314% compared with 0.097%; ...
Among women who are aware of their pregnancy, the rate of spontaneous abortion-or miscarriage-is 15 to 20% and typically occurs during the first 7 weeks. Despite these troubling statistics, the cause of recurrent spontaneous abortion remains elusive. Now, a new study by Tavakoli et al. on the effects of vitamin D during early pregnancy may shed light on a new approach to the evaluation and management of women who suffer repeated miscarriages.. Researchers have identified several mechanisms behind spontaneous abortions, such as anatomical uterine abnormalities or the presence of specific maternal antibodies. However, women who do not display these conditions also struggle with recurrent and unexplained miscarriage, leaving this subset of infertility patients with few explanations and options. Attention has recently turned to the endometrial lining as a cause, specifically the interface between the early embryo and the cells programmed to assist in implantation. The authors examined the role that ...
Can PCOS contribute to a miscarriage?. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has been shown to increase the rate of miscarriage in natural conceptions. By using infertility treatment to balance your hormones, the probability of miscarriage can be reduced.. What are the chances of getting pregnant after a miscarriage?. Your chances will vary. If you have been trying for over 6 to 12 months without success, you should consider infertility treatment. If you have had two or more consecutive miscarriages, you should go through a complete work-up to evaluate recurrent pregnancy loss. A high percentage of women who have had two miscarriages go on to conceive successfully.. Does the probability of having another miscarriage go up after one miscarriage?. Having one miscarriage does not necessarily mean you will have another one. The risk may be there but many causes can be overcome successfully with modern infertility treatment at leading fertility clinics, such as Pacific Reproductive Center in Los ...
I can envisage that we will be able to correct these defects before the patient tries to achieve another pregnancy. In fact, this may be the only way to really prevent miscarriages in these cases.". The team found a shortfall of stem cells is the likely cause of accelerated ageing of the lining of the womb which results in the failure of some pregnancies.. Miscarriage is the most common cause of loss; between 15-25% of pregnancies end in miscarriage and one in 100 women trying to conceive suffer recurrent miscarriages, defined as the loss of three or more consecutive pregnancies.. The study, which is a collaboration between the Universitys Warwick Medical School and Warwick Systems Biology Centre, has been published in the journal Stem Cells. Miscarriage is the most common cause of loss; between 15-25% of pregnancies end in miscarriage and one in 100 women trying to conceive suffer recurrent miscarriages, defined as the loss of three or more consecutive pregnancies.. The researchers examined ...
title:Role of Uterine Shape and Volume Abnormalities in Recurrent Pregnancy Loss (RPL). Author:Satyanarayana A Kongathi, Pratixa Z Chaudhari, Jigisha U Chauhan, Priyanka C Patel, Akshay M Chaudhari. Keywords:Uterine volume, Recurrent Pregnancy Loss, Sonography. Type:Original Article. Abstract:Background: Certain uterine factors like bicornuate, unicornuate and septate uterus being prime examples are more predictably associated and repeated pregnancy loss. These can be accurately investigated by HSG, 2D Transabdominal Sonography and Transvaginal Sonography. Methodology: The present study is a cross-sectional study conducted on the patients of Recurrent Pregnancy Loss (RPL) with history of two or more abortion with no live issue coming to the Outdoor Patient Department (OPD) of Sheth K.M.School of Post Graduate Medicine and Research, Ahmedabad. The study was based on the interview consisting of preformed questionnaire with the cases of RPL followed by the detail investigation by ...
Recurrent Miscarriage: Definitions vary but most would agree it describes a situation where you have had four or possibly three consecutive miscarriages. The chance for any one pregnancy to miscarry is one in six, for two it is one in thirty-six. It can be tempting to rush into having detailed tests after two miscarriages, especially if you have not had any pregnancies that have resulted in a healthy baby. However the chance that a cause will be found is remote and the chance of a treatment being effective is even more remote. Many hospitals now run a recurrent miscarriage clinic. A figure often quoted is that if you have had four pregnancies and all have miscarried, you are still more likely to have a baby at term in the fifth pregnancy than another miscarriage ...
... MD DRCPI, MRCOG, FRCOG Senior Consultant Ob. Gyn. Islamic Hospital Amman-Jordan
The genetic manipulation of human IVF embryos is set to start in the UK for the first time following a licence application by scientists who want to understand why some women suffer rep
In a new trial which began last month, Dr Quenby plans to test these results by giving half of the women she recruits a dummy placebo and the rest a dose of the steroid. Prednisolones side effects include mood swings and increased appetite. However, most women would need to take it for just three months.". I suggest that it is important that any women who get prescribed for this problem be clearly informed that they need to cut out salt and salty food while taking this steroid drug, otherwise they are at great risk of fluid retention and consequent avoidable weight gain. - The fluid retention/weight gain is responsible for the mood swings and increased appetite and can be avoided by sticking to low salt intake. This would also lower the risk of developing many other health problems.. See Sodium in foods. and prescribed steroids and HRT. ...
Recurrent miscarriages or recurring pregnancy loss are a common occurrence for many who are trying to conceive. Ways to understand recurrent miscarriage include testing and a consultation with a doctor. An action plan and communicating with each other can help partners who experience recurring pregnancy loss cope with the psychological trauma of this event.
Assessment of five thrombophilic genetic polymorphisms among couples with habitual abortion]". Gaceta médica de México. 142 (2 ...
... and anticardiolipin antibody in women with idiopathic habitual abortion. A controlled, prospective study of forty-four women". ... idiopathic spontaneous abortion, and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). They are a form of anti-mitochondrial antibody. In SLE ...
These defects can result in a lifelong bleeding tendency, defective wound healing, and habitual abortion. F13B has been shown ...
Indications: Secondary amenorrhea, functional uterine bleeding, in- fertility, habitual abortion, dysmen-orrhea and ... habitual abortion, dysmenorrhea, and premenstrual syndrome. OHPA is a progestogen and acts as an agonist of the progesterone ...
These defects can result in a lifelong bleeding tendency, defective wound healing, and habitual abortion. Coagulation factor ...
Gerhard I, Katzer E, Runnebaum B (1991). "The early pregnancy factor (EPF) in pregnancies of women with habitual abortions". ... Mesrogli M, Maas DH, Schneider J (1988). "[Early abortion rate in sterility patients: early pregnancy factor as a parameter]". ... "A study of early pregnancy factor activity in the sera of patients with unexplained spontaneous abortion". American Journal of ... "Early pregnancy factor as a marker for assessing embryonic viability in threatened and missed abortions". Gynecologic and ...
Recurrent miscarriage ("recurrent pregnancy loss" (RPL) or "habitual abortion") is the occurrence of multiple consecutive ... An induced abortion may be performed by a physician for women who do not want to continue the pregnancy. Self-induced abortion ... Before the 1980s, health professionals used the phrase "spontaneous abortion" for a miscarriage and "induced abortion" for a ... Spontaneous abortion occurs in pregnant prairie voles when their mate is removed and they are exposed to a new male, an example ...
... , habitual abortion, or recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is three or more consecutive pregnancy losses. ...
... and habitual abortion. The Wilson's disease gene (ATP7B) has been mapped to chromosome 13 (13q14.3) and is expressed primarily ...
Stormorken, H; Gjemdal, T; Bjøro, K (1988). "Lupus anticoagulant: a unique case with lupus anticoagulant and habitual abortion ...
... and threatened and habitual abortion. Hartmann KE, Jerome RN, Lindegren ML, Potter SA, Shields TC, Surawicz TS, Andrews JC ( ...
... and has been heavily used for the treatment of habitual abortion. Subsequently, a series of events led to the exploitation of ...
... and has been heavily used for the treatment of habitual abortion. International Agency for Research on Cancer (1979). Sex ...
... and habitual abortion in humans. Intrauterine cannibalism The kinship theory of genomic imprinting Trivers, R.L. (1974). " ... Indeed, abortion of embryos is more common in out-crossing than in self-pollinating plants (seeds in cross-pollinating plants ... In some species, the maternal parent has evolved postfertilization abortion of few seeded pods. Nevertheless, cheating by the ... because the fetus will have a lower quality cut off point for spontaneous abortion than the mother. The mother's quality cut- ...
... habitual abortion and threatened abortion, and add pregnancy as a contraindication to their use because of the possibility of ... were effective in treating threatened abortion or preventing habitual abortion and withdrew approval for those indications. As ... some studies suggested that progesterone could prevent threatened abortion and might prevent habitual abortion, but oral ...
... abortion, habitual MeSH C13.703.039.089.339 --- uterine cervical incompetence MeSH C13.703.039.093 --- abortion, incomplete ... abortion, septic MeSH C13.703.039.339 --- abortion, threatened MeSH C13.703.039.422 --- abortion, veterinary MeSH C13.703. ... abortion, septic MeSH C13.703.700.680 --- pregnancy complications, parasitic MeSH C13.703.700.715 --- puerperal infection MeSH ... MeSH C13.703.039.173 --- abortion, missed MeSH C13.703.039.256 --- ...
... and Habitual Abortion". Surgery, Gynecology, and Obstetrics. 76: 115-122.. *↑ Mari-Carmen Gomez-Cabrera; et al. (2008-01). " ... Vobecky JS, Vobecky J, Shapcott D, Cloutier D, Lafond R, Blanchard R (1976). "Vitamins C and E in spontaneous abortion". ...
When assessing whether the offence is gross special consideration shall be given to whether the act was habitual or for profit ... Act (2005:294). Abortion in Sweden was first legislated by the Abortion Act of 1938. This stated that an abortion could be ... the length of the pregnancy at the time of abortion, method of abortion, and where the abortion was performed. One of the ... The number of abortions among teenagers was 22.5 per 1,000 women in 2009, this means that the abortion rate has decreased by ...
... and habitual offenders", to create the basis for implementing legislative and administrative measures. Since 1941, Rodenberg ... Rodenberg denied his activities in the Reich Central Office for the Combating of Homosexuality and Abortion. He stated that ... and from 1943 was scientific director of the Reich Central Office for the Combating of Homosexuality and Abortion ( ... and also took the position of scientific director of the Reich Central Office for the Combating of Homosexuality and Abortion ( ...
The Court of Appeal set a test whereby the habitual residence of a child could be decided upon. Broadly, test is to look at the ... Right to Life New Zealand Inc v Abortion Supervisory Committee [2012] NZSC 68. Punter v Secretary for Justice [2004] 2 NZLR 28 ... If a child was born overseas and was brought to New Zealand a temporary visa must be granted to the child and the habitual ... If the court concludes that the child is a habitual resident of New Zealand the Adoption Act 1955 applies, however if it ...
Williams, Daniel K. (2013). "5. Sex and the Evangelicals: Gender Issues, the Sexual Revolution, and Abortion in the 1960s". In ... "habitual masturbation". He argued that "nervous disorders, even madness, could be caused by another form of bodily excess - ... Contraception and abortion from the ancient world to the Renaissance. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. p. 4. ISBN 0- ... masturbation is basically the same as abortion. Luther argues that marital act is a way to avoid the sin of masturbation: " ...
Domestic violence must be "habitual" to be considered criminal. Domestic-violence charges were often withdrawn owing to family ... "restrictive abortion laws," the committee asked Paraguay to "take effective action to reduce infant and maternal mortality by, ... inter alia, revising its legislation on abortion ...and ensuring that contraceptives are available to the general public, ...
Based on his results, he concluded that a habitual criminal can be seen as a regression of the human being to his very roots as ... As an example, he indicates child's murder or abortion to be hardly provable, whereas men could easily be found guilty for sex ... Moreover, Pollitz supports Lombroso's description of the habitual female criminal, whose physical built is supposedly very ...
Medical abortion (O05) Other abortion (O06) Unspecified abortion (O07) Failed attempted abortion (O08) Complications following ... Pregnancy care of habitual aborter (O26.3) Retained intrauterine contraceptive device in pregnancy (O26.4) Herpes gestationis ( ... O00) Ectopic pregnancy (O01) Hydatidiform mole (O02) Other abnormal products of conception (O03) Spontaneous abortion (O04) ... abortion and ectopic and molar pregnancy (O10) Pre-existing hypertension complicating pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium ...
634) Spontaneous abortion (635) Legally induced abortion (636) Illegally induced abortion (637) Unspecified abortion (638) ... Habitual aborter currently pregnant (646.4) Peripheral neuritis in pregnancy (646.5) Asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy ( ... Failed attempted abortion (639) Complications following abortion and ectopic and molar pregnancies (640) Hemorrhage in early ... 630) Hydatidiform mole (631) Other abnormal product of conception (632) Abortion, missed (633.1) Ectopic pregnancy, tubal, no ...
Pelvic inflammatory disease · Female infertility (Habitual abortion). Lalaki. Testicular. Orchitis · Hydrocele testis · ...
The role of maternal toxoplasmosis as a risk factor for habitual abortion was investigated. The indirect haemagglutination test ... 2048 much more frequently in women with habitual abortion ... ... Toxoplasmosis among women with habitual abortion  Al Hamdani, ... The present study sought to determine whether the level of anticardiolipin antibodies in women with recurrent abortion differed ...
Al Hamdani, Muna M. & Mahdi, Nadham K. (‎1997)‎. Toxoplasmosis among women with habitual abortion. EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean ... The role of maternal toxoplasmosis as a risk factor for habitual abortion was investigated. The indirect haemagglutination test ... 2048 much more frequently in women with habitual abortion [‎18.5%]‎ than in the normal pregnancy group [‎5.9%]‎. The overall ... Determination of habitual physical activity by means of a portable R-R interval distribution recorder  Masironi, R.; ...
Transcript of Habitual Abortion or Recurrent Pregnancy Loss. Habitual Abortion or Recurrent Pregnancy Loss. Definition. * ... Habitual Abortions or preterm labour.. *Any congenital malformations of the uterus.. McDonalds Operation. *The esthmus uteri ... Repeated Abortion: Repeated successive spontaneous abortion Maternal Causes. Immunological. Fetal Causes. Infections. ... Structural disorders maybe a cause 2nd trimestic abortion.. Syphilis. External Internal. Neoplastic. abdomen.. *Blow to the * ...
1 % of all pregnancies end in habitual/recurrent abortion. In about half of women with habitual abortions (HAB) hereditary or ... Habitual abortion. recurrent abortion. hereditary and acquired. thrombophilia. preeclampsia. premature birth. miscarriage. ... Abortion, Habitual. Abortion, Spontaneous. Pregnancy Complications. Aspirin. Heparin. Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight. Dalteparin ... Low Molecular Weight Heparin and/or Aspirin in Prevention of Habitual Abortion (HABENOX). The safety and scientific validity of ...
... habitual abortion explanation free. What is habitual abortion? Meaning of habitual abortion medical term. What does habitual ... Looking for online definition of habitual abortion in the Medical Dictionary? ... Related to habitual abortion: incomplete abortion, threatened abortion, missed abortion, septic abortion ... habitual abortion. Recurrent abortion Obstetrics The loss of ≥ 3 consecutive pregnancies, or ≥ 3 spontaneous abortions with no ...
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2048 much more frequently in women with habitual abortion (18.5%) than in the normal pregnancy group (5.9%). The overall ... Abstract The role of maternal toxoplasmosis as a risk factor for habitual abortion was investigated. The indirect ... Habitual abortion is generally defined as three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions. Spontaneous abortion has been ... Controversial reports have appeared regarding its role in habitual and sporadic abortion [3-5]. Habitual abortion affected ...
Association of Habitual Abortion with Group B Streptococcus Genital-Tract Infection. Experiences with Intravenous Antibiotic ... It is suggested that Group B Streptococcus is one of the causes of habitual abortions. ... In habitual aborters, as of today, we have eleven successfully treated cases, where a normal pregnancy and normal delivery of a ... small series and does not establish a cause and effect relationship between Group B Streptococcus and habitual abortions, the ...
Habitual Abortion And Athraa. What is Habitual Abortion. Habitual abortion is a form of infertility. When miscarriage occurs ... Symptoms of Habitual Abortion. There are the two main symptoms of Habitual abortion. ... A woman who has suffered two or more terminations of this sort -consecutively is said to be a case of habitual abortion. ... Note: You can contact to Professor Hakim Dilshad Hussain for Further information about Habitual Abortion . ...
... in the treatment of habitual abortion and prevention of abortion in uterus hypoplasticus]. by I Shurkalev et al. ... Gravibinon Schering in the treatment of habitual abortion and prevention of abortion in uterus hypoplasticus].. @article{ ... in the treatment of habitual abortion and prevention of abortion in uterus hypoplasticus].}, author={I Shurkalev and T Ananiev ...
OPERATIONS FOR HABITUAL ABORTION. LASH, ABRAHAM F. LASH, ABRAHAM F. Less Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2(4):1083-1094, ...
CYTOGENETICS OF HABITUAL ABORTION: A REVIEW. KHUDR, GABRIEL KHUDR, GABRIEL Less Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey. 29(5):299- ...
Habitual abortion:. A miscarriage occurring on two or more separate occasions. * Incomplete abortion:. ... Missed abortion:. A miscarriage in which a dead fetus and other products of conception remain in the uterus for four or more ... Complete abortion:. A miscarriage in which all of the products of conception have been expelled and the cervix is closed. * ... Selective abortion:. A term often used to refer to intentional termination of one or more gestational sacs within the uterus, ...
... habitual abortions; parental exposure to mutagens or teratogens; decreased concentration of serum (alpha) fetoprotein in ... The rate of spontaneous abortion in the first trimester is estimated to be 99%, but this high rate of abortion can only ... We found a spontaneous abortion rate after amniocentesis of 8% (1% to 27%). If the rate of spontaneous abortions after ... induced abortion, spontaneous abortion, live birth). The register does not include information on the number of cells analysed ...
Habitual Abortion Br Med J 1952; 1 :923 (Published 26 April 1952) ... Treatment of Septic Abortion Br Med J 1952; 1 :886 (Published 26 April 1952) ... Medico-Legal Aspects of Abortion Br Med J 1952; 1 :915 (Published 26 April 1952) ...
Responsible for 50-60% of 1st TM abortion. ♦ Most common are aneuploidics, which are present m 80% of blighted ova and 5-10% ... RPL is defined as 3 or more consecutive spontaneous abortions before 20 wks of gestation or a fetal weight less than 500 gms ... The reproductive H/o patient is \ ery important as relative risk of abortion increases with no of previous pregnancy failures ... 2 Antiphosphohpid antibodies and investigation of recurrent Abortions M J Hewitt, S M Quenby, P N Baker ...
Abortion, Habitual. Observational. *Northwell Health. Other. *Observational Model: Case Control. *Time Perspective: Cross- ...
Abortion, Spontaneous. Fetal Death. Abortion, Habitual. Pregnancy Complications. Death. Pathologic Processes. Aspirin. ...
Le Vine L. Habitual abortion. A controlled clinical study of progestational therapy. Western Journal of Surgery 1964;; ... SWYER, G. I. and DALEY, D. Progesterone implantation in habitual abortion. Br.Med.J. 5-16-1953;1(4819):1073-1077. View abstract ... GOLDZIEHER, J. W. DOUBLE-BLIND TRIAL OF A PROGESTIN IN HABITUAL ABORTION. JAMA 5-18-1964;188:651-654. View abstract. ... Song, Y. L. and Zhu, L. P. [The fetus protection effects of Zhixue Baotai Decoction on women of early threatened abortion with ...
Abortion -- Spontaneous: A pregnancy loss during the first twenty weeks of gestation. Habitual: When a woman has had three or ... Incomplete: An abortion after which some tissue remains inside the uterus. A D&C must be performed to remove the tissue and ...
L. Levine, "Habitual abortion. A controlled study of progestational therapy," Western Journal of Surgery, Obstetrics, and ...
When three consecutive pregnancies end in spontaneous abortion, it is known as habitual or recurrent abortion. ... Types of Abortion. Threatened Abortion. In threatened abortion, the pregnancy may be at risk of being terminated but in more ... Threatened Abortion. A threatened abortion in some women may lead to a complete abortion, even after adequate rest and other ... Missed Abortion. This is a type of abortion where the fetus is dead but the products of conception are retained within the ...
Habitual or Recurrent: Three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions.. Incomplete: Incomplete expulsion, with some products ... Abortion: Termination of pregnancy before the 20th week of gestation, when the fetus weighs less than 500 grams. ... Has been utilized as a means of inducing abortion in pregnancies of 15 to 20 weeksgestation. ... Elective: Intentional abortion without specific medical indication.. ...
Spontaneous Abortion. --Recurrent (Habitual) Abortion. --Ectopic Pregnancy. --Gestational Trophoblastic Disease (Hydatidiform ...
  • Those who oppose abortion on moral grounds believe that the fetus is human or potentially human and that destruction of the fetal body is tantamount to murder. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Clinical examination and laboratory investigations were carried out for those with habitual abortion in order to exclude other causes of fetal wastage such as malformation of the genital tract, diabetes mellitus, renal disease or Rhesus incompatibility. (who.int)
  • Abortions in the embryonic phase of fetal development were associated with a significantly higher incidence of maternal heterozygosity for FVL. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Early spontaneous abortion (the most prevalent) is usually due to fetal malformations or chromosomal abnormalities. (questia.com)
  • Anti-cardiolipin antibodies (ACA) are antibodies often directed against cardiolipin and found in several diseases, including syphilis, antiphospholipid syndrome, livedoid vasculitis, vertebrobasilar insufficiency, Behçet's syndrome, idiopathic spontaneous abortion, and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). (wikipedia.org)
  • Although delay in carrying out the procedure may increase the risk of complications, no patient should be encouraged to go through with an abortion until she has had time and sufficient counseling to reach a rational decision. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Neospora -like protozoan infection as a major cause of abortion in California dairy cattle. (ajtmh.org)
  • Preabortion counseling in the psychological, religious, and legal aspects of abortion should be readily available, with immediate referral to the proper resources. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The investigators wanted to test whether antithrombotic treatment (Low-Molecular Weight Heparin, LMWH, ASA or both combined)would prevent these women from a subsequent abortion. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • A 31-year-old female patient with the following gynecological and obstetrical history: gestations: 7, abortions 6, births 0, cesareans 1, children alive 1, children dead 0. (scielo.org.co)