ABO Blood-Group System: The major human blood type system which depends on the presence or absence of two antigens A and B. Type O occurs when neither A nor B is present and AB when both are present. A and B are genetic factors that determine the presence of enzymes for the synthesis of certain glycoproteins mainly in the red cell membrane.Blood Group Antigens: Sets of cell surface antigens located on BLOOD CELLS. They are usually membrane GLYCOPROTEINS or GLYCOLIPIDS that are antigenically distinguished by their carbohydrate moieties.Rh-Hr Blood-Group System: Erythrocyte isoantigens of the Rh (Rhesus) blood group system, the most complex of all human blood groups. The major antigen Rh or D is the most common cause of erythroblastosis fetalis.Blood Grouping and Crossmatching: Testing erythrocytes to determine presence or absence of blood-group antigens, testing of serum to determine the presence or absence of antibodies to these antigens, and selecting biocompatible blood by crossmatching samples from the donor against samples from the recipient. Crossmatching is performed prior to transfusion.MNSs Blood-Group System: A system of universal human blood group isoantigens with many associated subgroups. The M and N traits are codominant and the S and s traits are probably very closely linked alleles, including the U antigen. This system is most frequently used in paternity studies.Kell Blood-Group System: Multiple erythrocytic antigens that comprise at least three pairs of alternates and amorphs, determined by one complex gene or possibly several genes at closely linked loci. The system is important in transfusion reactions. Its expression involves the X-chromosome.Blood Group Incompatibility: An antigenic mismatch between donor and recipient blood. Antibodies present in the recipient's serum may be directed against antigens in the donor product. Such a mismatch may result in a transfusion reaction in which, for example, donor blood is hemolyzed. (From Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984).Lewis Blood-Group System: A group of dominantly and independently inherited antigens associated with the ABO blood factors. They are glycolipids present in plasma and secretions that may adhere to the erythrocytes. The phenotype Le(b) is the result of the interaction of the Le gene Le(a) with the genes for the ABO blood groups.P Blood-Group System: A blood group related to the ABO, Lewis and I systems. At least five different erythrocyte antigens are possible, some very rare, others almost universal. Multiple alleles are involved in this blood group.Glycophorin: The major sialoglycoprotein of the human erythrocyte membrane. It consists of at least two sialoglycopeptides and is composed of 60% carbohydrate including sialic acid and 40% protein. It is involved in a number of different biological activities including the binding of MN blood groups, influenza viruses, kidney bean phytohemagglutinin, and wheat germ agglutinin.Duffy Blood-Group System: A blood group consisting mainly of the antigens Fy(a) and Fy(b), determined by allelic genes, the frequency of which varies profoundly in different human groups; amorphic genes are common.Erythroblastosis, Fetal: A condition characterized by the abnormal presence of ERYTHROBLASTS in the circulation of the FETUS or NEWBORNS. It is a disorder due to BLOOD GROUP INCOMPATIBILITY, such as the maternal alloimmunization by fetal antigen RH FACTORS leading to HEMOLYSIS of ERYTHROCYTES, hemolytic anemia (ANEMIA, HEMOLYTIC), general edema (HYDROPS FETALIS), and SEVERE JAUNDICE IN NEWBORN.Isoantibodies: Antibodies from an individual that react with ISOANTIGENS of another individual of the same species.Erythrocytes: Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Placenta Diseases: Pathological processes or abnormal functions of the PLACENTA.Trichophytin: Antigens from the genus TRICHOPHYTON. Trichophytin has been used in studies of immunological responses to these dermatophytes.Forssman Antigen: A glycolipid, cross-species antigen that induces production of antisheep hemolysin. It is present on the tissue cells of many species but absent in humans. It is found in many infectious agents.Erythrocyte Membrane: The semi-permeable outer structure of a red blood cell. It is known as a red cell 'ghost' after HEMOLYSIS.von Willebrand Factor: A high-molecular-weight plasma protein, produced by endothelial cells and megakaryocytes, that is part of the factor VIII/von Willebrand factor complex. The von Willebrand factor has receptors for collagen, platelets, and ristocetin activity as well as the immunologically distinct antigenic determinants. It functions in adhesion of platelets to collagen and hemostatic plug formation. The prolonged bleeding time in VON WILLEBRAND DISEASES is due to the deficiency of this factor.
(1/1160) Infantile cystinosis in France: genetics, incidence, geographic distribution.

A national distribution of 66 French patients, from 49 sibships, has been studied. Segregation analysis, using the maximum likelihood method, was found to agree with the theoretical values expected in recessive autosomal inheritance. The birthplaces of these patients show an unequal geographic distribution of cystinosis, the incidence being higher in Western France. Compared with the total number of live births during the period 1959 to 1972, the minimum incidence of the condition in the province of Brittany is 1 per 25 909, and the gene frequency 0.0062. In the rest of France, the minimum incidence is 1 per 326,440 and the gene frequency 0.0018. Application of Dahlberg's formula gives a similar result. The mean inbreeding coefficient is 530 X 10(-5), a figure 23 times higher than the mean coefficient of France. An indirect test of inbreeding, the distance between parental birthplaces, was studied, first using the French administrative boundaries, second by using kilometers. This distance was constantly smaller for the parents of patients than for the parents of controls. Analysis of two erythrocyte polymorphisms (ABO and Rh) showed a large excess of group A patients when compared with overall French data. These findings are difficult to interpret on genetic grounds. The genetic reasons for the unequal geographic distribution of cystinosis in France are discussed.  (+info)

(2/1160) Acquisition of human blood group antigens by Schistosoma mansoni.

Juvenile forms of Schistosoma mansoni (schistosomula) have been cultured in human blood of various specificities and tested for the presence of blood group substances on their surfaces. The tests employed were survival following transfer into rhesus monkeys immunized against human blood substances, mixed agglutination reactions, and immunofluorescence. A, B, H AND Lewisb+ antigens were expressed at the surface when the parasites were cultured in blood of appropriate specificities. Rhesus, M N S, AND Duffy antigens could not be detected on the parasite surface following culture. The evidence suggests that the expressed blood group antigens are of host origin and are acquired by the parasite during culture, probably in the form of glycolipids or megaloglycolipids. It is likely that these substances are also acquired by parasites in the bloodstream of man. They may serve to mask surface parasite antigens, and so enable schistosomes to evade parasite-specific humoral or cellular immune responses.  (+info)

(3/1160) H (0) blood group determinant is present on soluble human L-selectin expressed in BHK-cells.

In the present study we show that the H (0) blood group determinant Fuc alpha1-2Gal beta1-4GlcNAc beta1-R is present on N-linked glycans of soluble human L-selectin recombinantly expressed in baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells. The glycans were isolated using complementary HPLC techniques and characterized by a combination of exoglycosidase digestion and mass spectrometry. The linkage of the fucose residues was determined by incubation of the glycans with specific fucosidases. The H blood determinant Fuc alpha1-2Gal beta1-4GlcNAc beta1 was detected for bi-, 2,4 branched tri- and tetraantennary structures. To our knowledge, the proposed oligosaccharide structures represent a new glycosylation motif for recombinant glycoproteins expressed on BHK cells.  (+info)

(4/1160) Poly-N-acetyllactosamine synthesis in branched N-glycans is controlled by complemental branch specificity of I-extension enzyme and beta1,4-galactosyltransferase I.

Poly-N-acetyllactosamine is a unique carbohydrate that can carry various functional oligosaccharides, such as sialyl Lewis X. It has been shown that the amount of poly-N-acetyllactosamine is increased in N-glycans, when they contain Galbeta1-->4GlcNAcbeta1-->6(Galbeta1-->4GlcNAcbeta1 -->2)Manalpha1-->6 branched structure. To determine how this increased synthesis of poly-N-acetyllactosamines takes place, the branched acceptor was incubated with a mixture of i-extension enzyme (iGnT) and beta1, 4galactosyltransferase I (beta4Gal-TI). First, N-acetyllactosamine repeats were more readily added to the branched acceptor than the summation of poly-N-acetyllactosamines formed individually on each unbranched acceptor. Surprisingly, poly-N-acetyllactosamine was more efficiently formed on Galbeta1-->4GlcNAcbeta1-->2Manalpha-->R side chain than in Galbeta1-->4GlcNAcbeta1-->6Manalpha-->R, due to preferential action of iGnT on Galbeta1-->4GlcNAcbeta1-->2Manalpha-->R side chain. On the other hand, galactosylation was much more efficient on beta1,6-linked GlcNAc than beta1,2-linked GlcNAc, preferentially forming Galbeta1-->4GlcNAcbeta1-->6(GlcNAcbeta1-->2)Manalph a1-->6Manbeta -->R. Starting with this preformed acceptor, N-acetyllactosamine repeats were added almost equally to Galbeta1-->4GlcNAcbeta1-->6Manalpha-->R and Galbeta1-->4GlcNAcbeta1-->2Manalpha-->R side chains. Taken together, these results indicate that the complemental branch specificity of iGnT and beta4Gal-TI leads to efficient and equal addition of N-acetyllactosamine repeats on both side chains of GlcNAcbeta1-->6(GlcNAcbeta1-->2)Manalpha1-->6Manbet a-->R structure, which is consistent with the structures found in nature. The results also suggest that the addition of Galbeta1-->4GlcNAcbeta1-->6 side chain on Galbeta1-->4GlcNAcbeta1-->2Man-->R side chain converts the acceptor to one that is much more favorable for iGnT and beta4Gal-TI.  (+info)

(5/1160) A predominantly hydrophobic recognition of H-antigenic sugars by winged bean acidic lectin: a thermodynamic study.

The thermodynamics of binding of winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus) acidic agglutinin to the H-antigenic oligosaccharide (Fucalpha1-2Galbeta1-4GlcNAc-oMe) and its deoxy and methoxy congeners were determined by isothermal titration calorimetry. We report a relatively hydrophobically driven binding of winged bean acidic agglutinin to the congeners of the above sugar. This conclusion is arrived, from the binding parameters of the fucosyl congeners, the nature of the enthalpy-entropy compensation plots and the temperature dependence of binding enthalpies of some of the congeners. Thus, the binding site of winged bean acidic agglutinin must be quite extended to accommodate the trisaccharide, with non-polar loci that recognize the fucosyl moiety of the H-antigenic determinant.  (+info)

(6/1160) Normal human serum contains natural antibodies reactive with autologous ABO blood group antigens.

It is widely accepted that the serum of healthy individuals contains natural antibodies only against those blood group A or B antigens that are not expressed on the individual's red blood cells. The mechanisms involved in tolerance to autologous blood group antigens remain unclear. In the present study, we show that IgM and IgG antibodies reactive with autologous blood group antigens are present in the immunoglobulin fraction of normal human serum. Natural IgG anti-A antibodies purified by affinity chromatography from IgG of individuals of blood group A exhibited an affinity for A trisaccharide antigen in the micromolar range and agglutinated A red cells at sixfold higher concentrations than those required for agglutination with affinity-purified anti-A IgG of individuals of blood group B. Whereas autoantibodies reactive with self A and B antigens are readily detected in purified IgG and IgM fractions, their expression is restricted in whole serum as a result of complementary interactions between variable regions of antibodies. These observations suggest that tolerance to autologous ABO blood group antigens is dependent on peripheral control of antibody autoreactivity.  (+info)

(7/1160) Purification and characterization of an anti-(A+B) specific lectin from the mushroom Hygrophorus hypothejus.

A lectin (HHL) was isolated from the fruiting body of the mushroom Hygrophorus hypothejus by a combination of affinity chromatography on stromas of group B erythrocytes embedded in polyacrylamide gel, and DEAE-trisacryl and gel filtration chromatography. Its molecular mass, as determined by gel filtration, is estimated to be 68000 kDa and its structure is tetrameric with four identical subunits assembled with non-covalent bonds. HHL agglutinates specifically A and B blood group erythrocytes and in hemagglutination inhibition assays, exhibits sugar-binding specificity toward lactose, the anomeric alpha form being more effective than the beta form.  (+info)

(8/1160) Alteration of sialyl Lewis epitope expression in pterygium.

PURPOSE: Mucin-related antigens are abundantly expressed by the cells of the normal human conjunctiva. The pattern of these antigens in pterygium, and especially the role of Galbeta1-3GlcNAc alpha2,3-sialyltransferase (ST3Gal III), sialyltransferase necessary to build the sialyl-Le(a) (Lewis(a)) antigen, were studied. METHODS: Immunoperoxidase staining was performed on 28 pterygia using different monoclonal antibodies: anti-M1 (against the peptidic core of gastric mucins encoded by MUC 5AC gene), anti-Le(a)(7LE), anti-sialyl Le(a)(NS 19-9), and anti-Le(b)(2-25LE). A serologic Lewis determination was done in 18 patients. ST3Gal III sialyltransferase expression was also studied in 10 healthy conjunctiva and 10 pterygia by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate-dehydrogenase was used as an endogenous internal control. RESULTS: First, Le(a), sialyl Le(a), and Le(b) immunoreactivities either decreased or were no longer detectable in pterygium goblet cells as opposed to normal conjunctiva. Second, unlike in pterygium, the Lewis immunoreactivity, which is mainly located in the surface epithelial cells in the normal conjunctiva, was occasionally restricted to the epithelial cells of the deep layers. However, M1 mucins did show an identical pattern expression in a normal conjunctiva and pterygium. ST3Gal III expression was significantly lower in pterygium (0.20+/-0.02 AU [arbitrary units]) than in normal conjunctiva (0.95+/-0.12 AU). CONCLUSIONS: ST3Gal III gene is less expressed in pterygium than in normal conjunctiva. This observation could explain the decrease of sialyl Le(a) expression observed in pterygium by immunohistology.  (+info)

*  Kell antigen system
... as they are the most immunogenic antigens after those of the ABO and Rhesus blood group systems. McLeod phenotype (or McLeod ... The Kell antigen system (also known as Kell-Cellano system) is a group of antigens on the human red blood cell surface which ... Dean L. "The Kell blood group -- Blood Groups and Red Cell Antigens". NCBI Bookshelf. National Center for Biotechnology ... Allen FH Jr; Krabbe SM; Corcoran PA (1961). "A new phenotype (McLeod) in the Kell blood-group system". Vox Sang. 6 (5): 555-60 ...
*  Human blood group systems
"ABO" system, (and Rhesus D system) all blood belongs to one of four major groups: A±, B±, AB±, or O±. The presence (+) or ... The term human blood group systems is defined by International Society of Blood Transfusion as systems in the human species ... ISBT Table of blood group antigens within systems, updated August 2008. BGMUT Blood Group Antigen Gene Mutation Database at ... For example, the h/h blood group, also known as Oh or the Bombay blood group, is a rare blood type.[citation needed] ISBT (2016 ...
*  ABO blood group system
Inheritance patterns of blood groups. Australian Red Cross Blood Service. Retrieved 30 October 2013. "ABO blood group system". ... The ABO blood group". Blood Groups and Red Cell Antigens. Retrieved 24 March 2007. Farr A (1 April 1979). "Blood group serology ... Kidd blood group The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica (2017-07-18). "ABO blood group system". Encyclopædia Britannica. ... ABO at BGMUT Blood Group Antigen Gene Mutation Database at NCBI, NIH ABO blood groups, antibodies and antigens explained ...
*  Glycosylation
... also underpins the ABO blood group system. It is the presence or absence of glycosyltransferases which dictates ... which blood group antigens are presented and hence what antibody specificities are exhibited. This immunological role may well ... Glycosylation also plays a role in cell-to-cell adhesion (a mechanism employed by cells of the immune system) via sugar-binding ... These can be divided into four groups: disorders of protein N-glycosylation, disorders of protein O-glycosylation, disorders of ...
*  Mendelian traits in humans
Inheritance patterns of blood groups. Australian Red Cross Blood Service. Retrieved 30 October 2013. "ABO blood group system". ... Blood groups that children may inherit from their parents. Blood type distribution by country Consanguinity CRISPR DNA repair ... December 14, 2002 Singh, G; Johns, MM; Paul, G (1982). "Paternity testing: analysis of six blood groups and HLA markers, with ... "Blood-grouping tests in undisputed paternity proceedings". JAMA. 164: 249-250. doi:10.1001/jama.1957.02980030025006. "Mommy's ...
*  Cis AB
1993;64(2):120-3. Molecular genetic analysis of the ABO blood group system: 2. cis-AB alleles. Yamamoto F1, McNeill PD, ... in the ABO gene which complicates the basic inheritance pattern and blood-transfusion compatibility matching for ABO blood ... When testing paternity or maternity by ABO blood group alone, it is possible to have a paradoxical result in the rare instance ... 2004 Jul;87(1):41-3. The serological and genetic basis of the cis-AB blood group in Korea. Cho D1, Kim SH, Jeon MJ, Choi KL, ...
*  Isoantibodies
ISBN 978-0-7167-8590-3. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ABO blood group system Alloimmunity Antibodies. ... on the RBCs of other blood groups. In a person with A blood group, the plasma will contain isoantibodies against B antigens, so ... Isoantibodies are seen in people with different blood groups. The anti-A or anti-B isoantibodies or both (also called ... in the first years of life can cross react with ABO-incompatible red blood cells when it comes in contact with during blood ...
*  Transferase
The A and B transferases are the foundation of the human ABO blood group system. Both A and B transferases are ... "Human ABO Gene". Retrieved 2 December 2013. Kidd, Kenneth. "ABO blood group (transferase A, alpha 1-3-N- ... "ABO ABO blood group (transferase A, alpha 1-3-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; transferase B, alpha 1-3-galactosyltransferase ... ISBN 978-0-19-850673-7. O'Neil D. "ABO Blood Groups". Human Blood: An Introduction to Its Components and Types. Behavioral ...
*  1900 in science
Karl Landsteiner makes the first discovery of blood types, identifying the ABO blood group system. Jokichi Takamine and Keizo ...
*  Aimi Nakamura
Her ABO blood group system is type A. Her hobby and special skill is swimming. She played Miyabi Aizawa in the television drama ...
*  Glycosyltransferase
The ABO blood group system is determined by what type of glycosyltransferases are expressed in the body. The ABO gene locus ... whole cell-based systems using either endogenous glycosyl donors or cell-based systems containing cloned and expressed systems ... Mannosyl groups may be transferred to tryptophan to generate C-mannosyl tryptophan, which is relatively abundant in eukaryotes ... This results in H antigen remaining unchanged in case of O groups. The combination of glycosyltransferases by both alleles ...
*  Names for the number 0 in English
The use of O as a number can lead to confusion as in the ABO blood group system. Blood can either contain antigen A (type A), ... blood type O' is usually written with a letter O and not with a number 0 as in most other European languages. "Zilch" is a ...
*  FUT1
"Missense mutation of FUT1 and deletion of FUT2 are responsible for Indian Bombay phenotype of ABO blood group system". ... Kelly RJ, Ernst LK, Larsen RD, Bryant JG, Robinson JS, Lowe JB (June 1994). "Molecular basis for H blood group deficiency in ... H blood group)". Ball SP, Tongue N, Gibaud A, Le Pendu J, Mollicone R, Gérard G, Oriol R (July 1991). "The human chromosome 19 ... beta-D-galactoside 2-alpha-L-fucosyltransferase cDNA that can form the H blood group antigen". Proceedings of the National ...
*  Polymorphism (biology)
All the common blood types, such as the ABO blood group system, are genetic polymorphisms. Here we see a system where there are ... Polymorphisms in this gene are the basis of the Duffy blood group system. In humans, a mutant variant at a single site in the ... Although a polymorphism can be controlled by alleles at a single locus (e.g. human ABO blood groups), the more complex forms ... Which Encodes the Major Subunit of the Duffy Blood Group System and the Receptor for the Plasmodium vivax Malaria Parasite". ...
*  FUT2
1997). "Missense mutation of FUT1 and deletion of FUT2 are responsible for Indian Bombay phenotype of ABO blood group system". ... 1996). "Molecular genetic analysis of the human Lewis histo-blood group system. II. Secretor gene inactivation by a novel ... Isolation of a candidate for the human Secretor blood group locus". J. Biol. Chem. 270 (9): 4632-9. doi:10.1074/jbc.270.9.4632 ... 1995). "Molecular cloning of a human genomic region containing the H blood group alpha(1,2)fucosyltransferase gene and two H ...
*  Von Willebrand factor
With respect to the glycosylation, vWF is one of only a few proteins that carry ABO blood group system antigens. Multimers of ... Occurrence is not affected by ADAMTS13, and the only significant genetic factor is the person's blood group.High plasma vWF ... Levy GG, Motto DG, Ginsburg D (July 2005). "ADAMTS13 turns 3". Blood. 106 (1): 11-7. doi:10.1182/blood-2004-10-4097. PMID ... rapid blood flow in narrow blood vessels, see below). vWF binds to other platelet receptors when they are activated, e.g., by ...
*  Genetic history of indigenous peoples of the Americas
The ABO blood group system is widely credited to have been discovered by the Austrian Karl Landsteiner, who found three ... Blood groups are inherited from both parents. The ABO blood type is controlled by a single gene (the ABO gene) with three ... and biologists have reached a similar conclusion based on analysis of Amerindian language groups and ABO blood group system ... May 2010). "Blood group O alleles in Native Americans: implications in the peopling of the Americas". Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. ...
*  ABO (gene)
Histo-blood group ABO system transferase is an enzyme with glycosyltransferase activity, which is encoded by the ABO gene in ... "Molecular genetic analysis of variant phenotypes of the ABO blood group system". Blood. 88 (7): 2732-7. PMID 8839869. RHD (gene ... Yamamoto F, Clausen H, White T, Marken J, Hakomori S (May 1990). "Molecular genetic basis of the histo-blood group ABO system ... Yamamoto F, McNeill PD, Yamamoto M, Hakomori S, Harris T (1993). "Molecular genetic analysis of the ABO blood group system: 3. ...
*  Reference genome
The ABO blood group system differs among humans, but the human reference genome contains only an O allele (although the other ... The human and mouse reference genomes are maintained and improved by the Genome Reference Consortium (GRC), a group of fewer ... ten male and ten female volunteers were invited to make an appointment with the project's genetic counselors and donate blood ...
*  Hemolytic disease of the newborn (ABO)
The ABO blood group system is the best known surface antigen system, expressed on a wide variety of human cells. For Caucasian ... The father will either have blood group A, with genotype AA or AO, or more rarely, have blood group AB, with genotype AB. Blood ... also known as ABO HDN) maternal IgG antibodies with specificity for the ABO blood group system pass through the placenta to the ... For example, when a mother of genotype OO (blood group O) carries a fetus of genotype AO (blood group A) she may produce IgG ...
*  Rh blood group system
It is the second most important blood group system, after the ABO blood group system. The Rh blood group system consists of 50 ... The Rh blood group system (including the Rh factor) is one of thirty-five known human blood group systems. ... This term strictly refers only to the most immunogenic D antigen of the Rh blood group system, or the Rh− blood group system. ... suffix to the ABO blood type. However, other antigens of this blood group system are also clinically relevant. These antigens ...
*  Blood type (non-human)
Antigens from the human ABO blood group system are also found in apes and Old World monkeys, and the system traces back to the ... H/h blood groups in non-humans at BGMUT Blood Group Antigen Gene Mutation Database at NCBI, NIH MNS blood groups in non-humans ... proved to be counterparts of the human MNS and Rh-Hr blood group systems, respectively. Two blood group systems have been ... Data on blood groups of chimpanzees, baboons, and macaques. Two complex chimpanzee blood group systems, V-A-B-D and R-C-E-F ...
*  Race and genetics
It was later discovered that the ABO blood group system is not just common to humans, but shared with other primates, and ... Before the discovery of DNA, scientists used blood proteins (the human blood group systems) to study human genetic variation. ... It was expected that groups with similar proportions of blood groups would be more closely related, but instead it was often ... "The ABO blood group is a trans-species polymorphism in primates". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109 (45): ...
*  Blood transfusion
All donated blood should also be tested for the ABO blood group system and Rh blood group system to ensure that the patient is ... European Blood Alliance, an association of not for profit Blood Establishments. Blood Groups and Red Cell Antigens. Free online ... Using another's blood must first start with donation of blood. Blood is most commonly donated as whole blood intravenously and ... Jan Janský also discovered the human blood groups in 1907 which he classified blood into four groups I, II, III, IV. Titled in ...
*  The Compatibility Gene
... from Karl Landsteiner's discovery of the ABO blood group system onwards, permit organ transplants to take place. The ... One specialised area is the immune system, with its own ultra-variable set of proteins. They are not only complicated, but have ... These last are elements of the immune system which recognise cancer cells as non-self and kill them, defend against infection ... The Compatibility Gene is a 2014 book about the discovery of the mechanism of compatibility in the human immune system by ...
*  Norovirus
"Norwalk virus infection and disease is associated with ABO histo-blood group type". J. Infect. Dis. 188 (1): 176-7. doi:10.1086 ... and persons with weakened immune systems. Symptoms may become life-threatening in these groups if dehydration or electrolyte ... Functional FUT2 fucosyltransferase transfers a fucose sugar to the end of the Histo-blood group ABO(H) precursor in ... Tan M, Hegde RS, Jiang X (2004). "The P Domain of Norovirus Capsid Protein Forms Dimer and Binds to Histo-Blood Group Antigen ...
*  Self-experimentation in medicine
Karl Landsteiner's discovery of the ABO blood group system in 1900 was based on an analysis of blood samples from six members ... In the last test his eyes were bloodied as blood vessels burst in his eyes. These tests were carried out for the US Air Force ... With this in place, over a 3-month period, he conducted a number of experiments linking his nervous system with the internet. N ... An issue peculiar to AIDS vaccine research is that the test will leave HIV antibodies in the volunteers blood, causing the ...
ABO blood group system | Definition, Blood Type, & ABO Antigens | Britannica.com  ABO blood group system | Definition, Blood Type, & ABO Antigens | Britannica.com
ABO blood group system, classification of human blood as determined by the presence or absence of A and B antigens on red blood ... race: Mendelian heredity and the development of blood group systems. Once the ABO blood group system was discovered and was ... ABO blood group system, the classification of human blood based on the inherited properties of red blood cells (erythrocytes) ... More About ABO blood group system. 6 references found in Britannica articles. Assorted References. *major reference* In blood ...
more infohttps://www.britannica.com/science/ABO-blood-group-system
ABO blood group system  ABO blood group system
What is ABO blood group system? ABO blood group system meaning. ABO blood group system sense. ABO blood group system FAQ. ABO ... ABO blood group system definition. Explain ABO blood group system. ... ABO blood group system. Search Dictionary: ABO blood group system Definition. *(n) a classification system for the antigens of ... ABO blood group system. English Dictionary -> Letter A -> ... ABO blood group system Synonyms. *ABO blood group system. *ABO ...
more infohttp://www.wordthrill.com/define/ABO+blood+group+system/
ABO blood group system synonyms, ABO blood group system antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com  ABO blood group system synonyms, ABO blood group system antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com
Antonyms for ABO blood group system. 2 synonyms for ABO blood group system: ABO group, ABO system. What are synonyms for ABO ... Synonyms for ABO blood group system in Free Thesaurus. ... ABO blood group system synonyms, ABO blood group system ... ABO blood group system. Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.. Related to ABO blood group system: Rh ... Synonyms for ABO blood group system. a classification system for the antigens of human blood. Synonyms. *ABO group ...
more infohttps://www.freethesaurus.com/ABO+blood+group+system
Recombinant Human Blood Group Antigen Precursor protein (ab113153)  Recombinant Human Blood Group Antigen Precursor protein (ab113153)
Buy our Recombinant Human Blood Group Antigen Precursor protein. Ab113153 is a full length protein produced in Escherichia coli ... This protein is the basis of the ABO blood group system. The histo-blood group ABO involves three carbohydrate antigens: A, B, ... ABO A3 transferase. *ABO blood group (transferase A alpha 1-3 N acetylgalactosaminyltransferase transferase B alpha 1 3 ... The manganese ion interacts with the beta-phosphate group of UDP and may also have a role in catalysis. ...
more infohttp://www.abcam.com/recombinant-human-blood-group-antigen-precursor-protein-ab113153.html
IBIMA Publishing Relationship between ABO Blood Groups and Helicobacter Pylori Infection among Patients with Dyspepsia  IBIMA Publishing Relationship between ABO Blood Groups and Helicobacter Pylori Infection among Patients with Dyspepsia
The ABO blood group system is the most important in human blood transfusion. The blood group antigens present on RBC are ... in blood group A, 50 % in blood group B and 35.3 % in blood group AB (Table 3 ). Thus, the frequency of blood group O in H. ... The ABO blood group system is the most important in human blood transfusion. This system is used as a genetic marker in studies ... Determination of ABO Blood Group Antigens. The ABO blood group was determined for each patient by the conventional ...
more infohttp://ibimapublishing.com/articles/JVM/2016/688370/
ABO Blood Group and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Two Prospective Cohort Studies | Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and...  ABO Blood Group and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Two Prospective Cohort Studies | Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and...
ABO blood group system, age, sex, risk factors and cardiac infarction. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 1985;4:241-249. ... The highest risk was observed for blood group AB, followed by blood groups B and A. The association between ABO blood group and ... Assessment of ABO Blood Group. The assessment of ABO blood group has been described in detail elsewhere.23 Briefly, in both the ... ABO blood group has been associated with plasma lipid levels; in particular, the A blood group has been noted to have higher ...
more infohttp://atvb.ahajournals.org/content/32/9/2314.full
Clinical Conditions due to Type II Hypersensitivity Reaction | Human Immunology  Clinical Conditions due to Type II Hypersensitivity Reaction | Human Immunology
ABO blood group system was the first blood group system recognized. ABO blood group is the most important blood group system in ... Next to ABO blood group system. Rhesus (Rh) system is the most important blood group system. Rh system was demonstrated by ... Therefore group AB individual can be transfused with A / B / AB / O blood groups and hence the AB blood group individuals are ... A recipient belonging to A blood group naturally has anti-B antibodies in his blood. If B / AB group blood is given to him, the ...
more infohttp://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/immunology/clinical-conditions-due-to-type-ii-hypersensitivity-reaction-human-immunology/28073
ABO blood group - SNPedia  ABO blood group - SNPedia
The ABO blood group system is the best known blood typing system, determining blood group type as A, B, AB, or O, and thereby ... SNPs in the ABO gene determine the alleles present and thereby predict ABO blood group type. ... However, determination of blood group type can be via genosets is shown in this spreadsheet or this more complicated and ... Retrieved from "https://www.SNPedia.com/index.php?title=ABO_blood_group&oldid=1297070" ...
more infohttps://www.snpedia.com/index.php/ABO_blood_group
ABO Blood Group as a Model for Platelet Glycan Modification in Arterial ThrombosisSignificance | Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis,...  ABO Blood Group as a Model for Platelet Glycan Modification in Arterial ThrombosisSignificance | Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis,...
The ABO blood group system revisited: a review and update. Immunohematology. 2009;25:48-59. ... ABO Blood Group, Thrombosis, and ACS. ABO blood group phenotype is determined by the expression of specific antigens on red ... In the past, studies have associated ABO blood groups with CVD, whereby non-type O blood groups are associated with higher risk ... Several studies have demonstrated a relationship between ABO blood group and acute coronary syndromes, where O blood group has ...
more infohttp://atvb.ahajournals.org/content/35/7/1570
Human Blood Groups, 2nd Edition | Hematology | Medicine, Nursing & Dentistry | Subjects | Wiley  Human Blood Groups, 2nd Edition | Hematology | Medicine, Nursing & Dentistry | Subjects | Wiley
2 ABO, H, and Lewis systems.. 3 MNS Blood Group System.. 4 P Blood Groups. ... Yet, in the six years since the first edition of Human Blood Groups was published, new blood groups have been discovered, ... Contains latest information on the genes for various blood groups. * More information on the functional aspects of blood groups ... several blood group genes have been cloned, and the molecular backgrounds of numerous blood group variants have been worked out ...
more infohttps://www.wiley.com/en-us/Human+Blood+Groups%2C+2nd+Edition-p-9781405140072
Erythroblastosis Fetalis - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention  Erythroblastosis Fetalis - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention
ABO Incompatibility. The ABO system is another system of blood grouping discovered by Karl Landsteiner, for which he received ... the blood group is B. When both A and B antigens are present, the blood group is AB. If both A or B are absent, the blood group ... Incompatibility arising from Minor Blood Groups. There are other minor blood group antigens that the fetus may carry, which can ... The Rh system of blood grouping is based on the presence or absence of the Rh factor on the surface of RBC. This factor is an ...
more infohttp://www.medindia.net/patientinfo/erythroblastosis-fetalis.htm?utm_source=medindia&utm_medium=widget&utm_content=&utm_campaign=whatsnew
HumanPhysiology2011 - 05. Hematology  HumanPhysiology2011 - 05. Hematology
The major blood typing groups are the ABO system and the Rh system.. ABO system. Everyone inherits 2 genes that control the ... blood typing system. Also include on your chart, which blood types are compatible.. . Antigen & Antibody BLOOD GROUP. ... 3. Composition of the blood part 2- red blood cell antigens and blood typing, Blood clotting, Dissolution of clots.. Red Blood ... GENERAL COMPOSITION OF BLOOD '. There are two types of blood cells that are in the formed elements of blood. They are red blood ...
more infohttps://humanphysiology2011.wikispaces.com/05.+Hematology?responseToken=049a58021e84124f103e0725aabb187d4
ABO blood group system - Wikipedia  ABO blood group system - Wikipedia
Inheritance patterns of blood groups. Australian Red Cross Blood Service. Retrieved 30 October 2013. "ABO blood group system". ... The ABO blood group". Blood Groups and Red Cell Antigens. Retrieved 24 March 2007. Farr A (1 April 1979). "Blood group serology ... Kidd blood group The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica (2017-07-18). "ABO blood group system". Encyclopædia Britannica. ... ABO at BGMUT Blood Group Antigen Gene Mutation Database at NCBI, NIH ABO blood groups, antibodies and antigens explained ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ABO_blood_group_system
ABO blood group system - wikidoc  ABO blood group system - wikidoc
ABO blood groups, antibodies and antigens explained YouTube educational video. *Encyclopædia Britannica, ABO blood group system ... Based on this he classified human bloods into three groups, namely group A, group B, and group C. He defined that group A blood ... Kidd blood group. References. *↑ The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica (2017-07-18). "ABO blood group system". Encyclopædia ... "The ABO blood group system and Plasmodium falciparum malaria". Blood. 110 (7): 2250-2258. doi:10.1182/blood-2007-03-077602. ...
more infohttp://wikidoc.org/index.php/ABO_blood_group_system
The ABO Blood Group System  The ABO Blood Group System
... ) as well as the differences in their chemical structures in this interactive tutorial. ... As well as the ABO blood group systems, 29 other blood group systems have been identified. These blood groups have names such ... Introduction to the ABO Blood Group System:. Red Blood cells make (synthesize) several types of surface marker molecules. ... The ABO blood group antigens are genetically determined, and the incidence of each group varies by race. ...
more infohttps://www.getbodysmart.com/blood-composition-properties-functions/abo-blood-group-system
Synonyms and Antonyms for abo-blood-group-system | Synonym.com  Synonyms and Antonyms for abo-blood-group-system | Synonym.com
9. blood (n.). the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped through the body by the heart and contains plasma, blood cells, ... 2. system (n.). a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole ... 7. system (n.). a group of physiologically or anatomically related organs or parts ... Synonym.com 2001-2018 Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Education, all rights reserved. Database is based on WordNet 3.0, a lexical ...
more infohttps://www.synonym.com/synonyms/abo-blood-group-system
ABO BLOOD GROUP SYSTEM LECTURE SLIDE 003: ABO phenotype is a hereditary trait. - blood group abo  ABO BLOOD GROUP SYSTEM LECTURE SLIDE 003: ABO phenotype is a hereditary trait. - blood group abo
What You Had Better Know About ABO Blood Groups' and a variety of topics relating to the ABO blood groups were discussed, ... on the molecular genetic basis of histo-blood group ABO system. The title of his talk was ' ... including 'From History to Modern Genetics', 'From Red Blood Cell to Kidney, Hair, Seminal Fluid', 'From Blood Transfusion, ... ABO BLOOD GROUP SYSTEM LECTURE SLIDE 003: ABO phenotype is a hereditary trait. ...
more infohttps://sites.google.com/site/bloodgroupabo/abo-blood-group-system-lecture-slide-3
Heredity and ABO Blood group system - interactive simulations - eduMedia  Heredity and ABO Blood group system - interactive simulations - eduMedia
An individual of group O blood, does not possess A or B antigens on the red blood cells but the plasma contains both anti-A and ... An individual of group AB blood, simultaneously possesses both the A and B antigen on the red blood cells, but no anti-A or ... In an individual of group A blood, the red blood cells present, at their surface, the type A antigens only. The plasma only ... Also it addresses the inheritance of blood groups by using a pedigree chart. Red blood cells (called erythrocytes) are the ...
more infohttps://www.edumedia-sciences.com/en/media/315-heredity-and-abo-blood-group-system
ABO BLOOD GROUP SYSTEM LECTURE SLIDE 072: Two additional cDNA libraries were constructed and screened. - blood group abo  ABO BLOOD GROUP SYSTEM LECTURE SLIDE 072: Two additional cDNA libraries were constructed and screened. - blood group abo
What You Had Better Know About ABO Blood Groups' and a variety of topics relating to the ABO blood groups were discussed, ... on the molecular genetic basis of histo-blood group ABO system. The title of his talk was ' ... including 'From History to Modern Genetics', 'From Red Blood Cell to Kidney, Hair, Seminal Fluid', 'From Blood Transfusion, ... ABO BLOOD GROUP SYSTEM LECTURE SLIDE 072: Two additional cDNA libraries were constructed and screened. ...
more infohttps://sites.google.com/site/bloodgroupabo/abo-blood-group-system-lecture-slide-72
ABO Blood-Group System -- Popular Works (Concept) - Augusta-Richmond County Public Library System  ABO Blood-Group System -- Popular Works (Concept) - Augusta-Richmond County Public Library System
ABO Blood-Group System -- Popular Works The Resource ABO Blood-Group System -- Popular Works Label ABO Blood-Group System -- ... Context of ABO Blood-Group System -- Popular Works Subject of. * Eat right for your baby : the individualized guide to ... Data Citation of the Concept ABO Blood-Group System -- Popular Works. Copy and paste the following RDF/HTML data fragment to ... 1 Items that are about the Concept ABO Blood-Group System -- Popular Works ...
more infohttp://augusta.library.link/resource/lGn3gZrKkQs/
more