Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.
The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.
Application of fingers with light pressure to the surface of the body to determine consistence of parts beneath in physical diagnosis; includes palpation for determining the outlines of organs.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Assessment of sensory and motor responses and reflexes that is used to determine impairment of the nervous system.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Inspection and PALPATATION of female breasts, abdomen, and GENITALIA, as well as obtaining a gynecological history. (from Dictionary of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs.
Expenditure of energy during PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Intensity of exertion may be measured by rate of OXYGEN CONSUMPTION; HEAT produced, or HEART RATE. Perceived exertion, a psychological measure of exertion, is included.
The auxiliary health profession which makes use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction of anatomic or physiological origin.
Act of listening for sounds within the body.
Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
An infant during the first month after birth.
Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
Abnormal number or structure of chromosomes. Chromosome aberrations may result in CHROMOSOME DISORDERS.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A characteristic symptom complex.
Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
Instructional materials used in teaching.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Harmful and painful condition caused by overuse or overexertion of some part of the musculoskeletal system, often resulting from work-related physical activities. It is characterized by inflammation, pain, or dysfunction of the involved joints, bones, ligaments, and nerves.
Diagnostic procedures, such as laboratory tests and x-rays, routinely performed on all individuals or specified categories of individuals in a specified situation, e.g., patients being admitted to the hospital. These include routine tests administered to neonates.
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.
Part of the body in humans and primates where the arms connect to the trunk. The shoulder has five joints; ACROMIOCLAVICULAR joint, CORACOCLAVICULAR joint, GLENOHUMERAL joint, scapulathoracic joint, and STERNOCLAVICULAR joint.
Mapping of the KARYOTYPE of a cell.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Forcible or traumatic tear or break of an organ or other soft part of the body.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Enlargement of the liver.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Penetrating wounds caused by a pointed object.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
Disease involving a spinal nerve root (see SPINAL NERVE ROOTS) which may result from compression related to INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; SPINAL CORD INJURIES; SPINAL DISEASES; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations include radicular pain, weakness, and sensory loss referable to structures innervated by the involved nerve root.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Pain in the joint.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
Mapping of the linear order of genes on a chromosome with units indicating their distances by using methods other than genetic recombination. These methods include nucleotide sequencing, overlapping deletions in polytene chromosomes, and electron micrography of heteroduplex DNA. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 5th ed)
A vague complaint of debility, fatigue, or exhaustion attributable to weakness of various muscles. The weakness can be characterized as subacute or chronic, often progressive, and is a manifestation of many muscle and neuromuscular diseases. (From Wyngaarden et al., Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p2251)
A cutaneous pouch of skin containing the testicles and spermatic cords.
The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Act of listening for sounds within the heart.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
Unilateral or bilateral pain of the shoulder. It is often caused by physical activities such as work or sports participation, but may also be pathologic in origin.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Clinical conditions caused by an abnormal chromosome constitution in which there is extra or missing chromosome material (either a whole chromosome or a chromosome segment). (from Thompson et al., Genetics in Medicine, 5th ed, p429)
Radiographic examination of the breast.
Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.
Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the eye; may also be hereditary.
Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
General or unspecified injuries involving organs in the abdominal cavity.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Heart sounds caused by vibrations resulting from the flow of blood through the heart. Heart murmurs can be examined by HEART AUSCULTATION, and analyzed by their intensity (6 grades), duration, timing (systolic, diastolic, or continuous), location, transmission, and quality (musical, vibratory, blowing, etc).
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
General or unspecified injuries to the neck. It includes injuries to the skin, muscles, and other soft tissues of the neck.
Entrapment of the MEDIAN NERVE in the carpal tunnel, which is formed by the flexor retinaculum and the CARPAL BONES. This syndrome may be associated with repetitive occupational trauma (CUMULATIVE TRAUMA DISORDERS); wrist injuries; AMYLOID NEUROPATHIES; rheumatoid arthritis (see ARTHRITIS, RHEUMATOID); ACROMEGALY; PREGNANCY; and other conditions. Symptoms include burning pain and paresthesias involving the ventral surface of the hand and fingers which may radiate proximally. Impairment of sensation in the distribution of the median nerve and thenar muscle atrophy may occur. (Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p45)
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
Usual level of physical activity that is less than 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most days of the week.
Act of striking a part with short, sharp blows as an aid in diagnosing the condition beneath the sound obtained.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Inflammation or irritation of a bursa, the fibrous sac that acts as a cushion between moving structures of bones, muscles, tendons or skin.
The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.
An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.
Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.
Clinical syndrome describing overuse tendon injuries characterized by a combination of PAIN, diffuse or localized swelling, and impaired performance. Distinguishing tendinosis from tendinitis is clinically difficult and can be made only after histopathological examination.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The articulation between the head of the HUMERUS and the glenoid cavity of the SCAPULA.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Pathological conditions involving the HEART including its structural and functional abnormalities.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.
The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.
Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.
The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.
Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.
Absent or reduced sensitivity to cutaneous stimulation.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Wounds caused by objects penetrating the skin.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Text editing and storage functions using computer software.
The determination of the nature of a disease or condition, or the distinguishing of one disease or condition from another. Assessment may be made through physical examination, laboratory tests, or the likes. Computerized programs may be used to enhance the decision-making process.
The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Persons trained in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY to make use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction.
Removal and examination of tissue obtained through a transdermal needle inserted into the specific region, organ, or tissue being analyzed.
VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.
Use of ultrasound for imaging the breast. The most frequent application is the diagnosis of neoplasms of the female breast.
A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.
Unanticipated information discovered in the course of testing or medical care. Used in discussions of information that may have social or psychological consequences, such as when it is learned that a child's biological father is someone other than the putative father, or that a person tested for one disease or disorder has, or is at risk for, something else.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.
Pain in the pelvic region of genital and non-genital origin and of organic or psychogenic etiology. Frequent causes of pain are distension or contraction of hollow viscera, rapid stretching of the capsule of a solid organ, chemical irritation, tissue ischemia, and neuritis secondary to inflammatory, neoplastic, or fibrotic processes in adjacent organs. (Kase, Weingold & Gershenson: Principles and Practice of Clinical Gynecology, 2d ed, pp479-508)
Techniques used to carry out clinical investigative procedures in the diagnosis and therapy of disease.
The rear surface of an upright primate from the shoulders to the hip, or the dorsal surface of tetrapods.
Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.
Instruments intended to detect and study sound produced by the heart, lungs, or other parts of the body. (from UMDNS, 1999)
A graphic device used in decision analysis, series of decision options are represented as branches (hierarchical).
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Activity engaged in for pleasure.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
Mechanical compression of nerves or nerve roots from internal or external causes. These may result in a conduction block to nerve impulses (due to MYELIN SHEATH dysfunction) or axonal loss. The nerve and nerve sheath injuries may be caused by ISCHEMIA; INFLAMMATION; or a direct mechanical effect.
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
A clinical syndrome with acute abdominal pain that is severe, localized, and rapid in onset. Acute abdomen may be caused by a variety of disorders, injuries, or diseases.
Pressure, burning, or numbness in the chest.
A benign tumor resulting from a congenital malformation of the lymphatic system. Lymphangioendothelioma is a type of lymphangioma in which endothelial cells are the dominant component.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
A condition characterized by the dilated tortuous veins of the SPERMATIC CORD with a marked left-sided predominance. Adverse effect on male fertility occurs when varicocele leads to an increased scrotal (and testicular) temperature and reduced testicular volume.
Subjective cutaneous sensations (e.g., cold, warmth, tingling, pressure, etc.) that are experienced spontaneously in the absence of stimulation.
The time span between the beginning of physical activity by an individual and the termination because of exhaustion.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
UTERINE BLEEDING from a GESTATION of less than 20 weeks without any CERVICAL DILATATION. It is characterized by vaginal bleeding, lower back discomfort, or midline pelvic cramping and a risk factor for MISCARRIAGE.
Discomfort or more intense forms of pain that are localized to the cervical region. This term generally refers to pain in the posterior or lateral regions of the neck.
Harm or hurt to the ankle or ankle joint usually inflicted by an external source.
Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Radiographic visualization of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, i.e., within the peritoneal cavity.
Any fluid-filled closed cavity or sac that is lined by an EPITHELIUM. Cysts can be of normal, abnormal, non-neoplastic, or neoplastic tissues.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
The symptom of PAIN in the cranial region. It may be an isolated benign occurrence or manifestation of a wide variety of HEADACHE DISORDERS.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image. This type of ultrasonography is well-suited to identifying the location of high-velocity flow (such as in a stenosis) or of mapping the extent of flow in a certain region.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
A medical specialty concerned with the use of physical agents, mechanical apparatus, and manipulation in rehabilitating physically diseased or injured patients.
Pathological processes involving the male reproductive tract (GENITALIA, MALE).
Congenital, inherited, or acquired anomalies of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM, including the HEART and BLOOD VESSELS.
Congenital structural deformities, malformations, or other abnormalities of the cranium and facial bones.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with frequency-shifted ultrasound reflections produced by moving targets (usually red blood cells) in the bloodstream along the ultrasound axis in direct proportion to the velocity of movement of the targets, to determine both direction and velocity of blood flow. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Acquired, familial, and congenital disorders of SKELETAL MUSCLE and SMOOTH MUSCLE.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
Endoscopic examination, therapy and surgery of the joint.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
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A thorough physical examination; A minimum battery of laboratory screening tests, including complete blood count with leukocyte ... A mental status examination to identify abnormalities in mood, intellectual function, memory, and personality. Particular ... An examination of the CDC 1994 criteria applied to several hundred patients found that the diagnosis could be strengthened by ... January 1996). "An examination of the working case definition of chronic fatigue syndrome". Am. J. Med. 100 (1): 56-64. doi: ...
Third, there are no underlying illnesses that are more likely to be causing the abnormalities. Physical examination is usually ... Also, the examination findings are not specific for silicosis. Pulmonary function testing may reveal airflow limitation, ... but abnormalities may be detected by x-ray. Chronic cough and exertional dyspnea (shortness of breath) are common findings. ...
A thorough physical examination could be carried out to assess the symptoms.[19] ... The condition can also be diagnosed early in the prenatal stage if there are any abnormalities seen in the ultrasound. [18] A ... When the child's chromosomal abnormality occurs due to one of the parents' balanced translocation, the chances of another child ... delayed development and a variety of physical problems including heart defects. Research shows that almost 88.5% of people with ...
Physical examination in a thin patient may detect a palpable abdominal or flank mass caused by the enlarged kidney. ... Structural abnormalities of the junctions between the kidney, ureter and bladder that lead to hydronephrosis can occur during ... The choice of imaging depends on the clinical presentation (history, symptoms and examination findings). In the case of renal ... The most common causes of hydronephrosis in children are anatomical abnormalities. These include vesicoureteral reflux, ...
While a physical examination does not reveal any gross physiological abnormalities, orthostatic intolerance has been noted. It ... Being able to attribute soldier's heart to a physical cause provided an "honorable solution" to all vested parties, as it left ... yet upon examination some time later he appeared generally healthy. In 1876 surgeon Arthur Davy attributed the symptoms to ...
A physical examination will also take place to identify abnormalities such as hirsutism, abdominal masses, infection, cysts or ... Male assessment also starts with a history and physical examination to look for any visible abnormalities. Investigations of ... hymen Septate hymen Uterine abnormalities Duplicate uterus Unicornate uterus Septate uterus Vaginal abnormalities Transverse ... ejaculation Certain genetic diseases Cervical abnormalities Cervical agenesis Cervical duplication Hymen abnormalities ...
Physical examination and brain imaging examinations show normal results, and an EEG shows no specific abnormalities as well. ... Physical examination and brain imaging examinations show normal results, and EEG shows no specific abnormalities as well. PNKD ... Physical examination and brain imaging examinations show normal results, and EEG shows no specific abnormalities as well. PED ... The attacks are triggered by exercise and other physical exertion, and usually last from minutes to an hour. Attacks usually ...
Physical examination reveals characteristic symptoms of the condition especially the abnormalities in the skin surface of ... The diagnosis of harlequin-type ichthyosis relies on both physical examination and certain laboratory tests. Physical ... Abnormal findings in physical assessments usually result in employing other diagnostic tests to ascertain the diagnosis. ... complications result from infection due to fissuring of the hyperkeratotic plates and respiratory distress due to physical ...
Regular physical examinations (including pap smears) help detect early signs of infections or abnormalities. Not delaying ... The physical abuse related to infertility may result from this and the emotional stress that comes with it. In some countries, ... Examination and imaging An endometrial biopsy, to verify ovulation and inspect the lining of the uterus. Laparoscopy, which ... Chromosomal abnormalities causing female infertility include Turner syndrome. Oocyte donation is an alternative for patients ...
Elbow flexion is usually only performed when joint abnormality is found during physical examination. Flexion may be performed ... age of the horse and the day of examination, discontinuation of a prepurchase examination based solely on a failed forelimb ... and then the horse is immediately trotted off and its gait is analyzed for abnormalities and unevenness. Flexions stretch the ...
... physical examination and chest radiography. Typical signs and symptoms include direct effects of the physical trauma, such as ... However, blood gas levels may show no abnormality early in the course of pulmonary contusion. Chest X-ray is the most common ... To diagnose pulmonary contusion, health professionals use clues from a physical examination, information about the event that ... ISBN 0-07-137069-2. Ciesla ND (June 1996). "Chest physical therapy for patients in the intensive care unit" (PDF). Physical ...
In acute and subacute cases, physical examination usually reveals dry crackles. At least 5% of cases include pulmonary arterial ... hearing abnormalities, hypothalamic and pituitary abnormalities, chronic meningitis, and peripheral neuropathy. Myelopathy, ... Low or moderate-intensity physical training has been shown to improve fatigue, psychological health, and physical functioning ... Marcellis R, Van der Veeke M, Mesters I, Drent M, De Bie R, De Vries G, Lenssen A (June 2015). "Does physical training reduce ...
... is diagnosed by a physician after a physical examination and sometimes after further neurologic examination as well ... In these cases, abnormalities of the legs are the main focus of the attention. ... As monoplegia is fairly rare, after physical examination of a patient complaining of monoplegia, sometimes weakness of an ... After neurologic examination of the limb, a diagnosis of a monoplegic limb can be given if the patient receives a Medical ...
... physical examination, and other medical tests as appropriate. The physical examination for evaluating vaginal bleeding ... These are focused on finding the source of the bleeding and looking for any abnormalities that could cause bleeding. In ...
Physical examination of the shoulder to feel for injury and discover the limits of movement, location of pain, and extent of ... X-rays do not show tendons or the bursae but may be helpful in ruling out bony abnormalities or arthritis. The doctor may ... Doctors usually diagnose a dislocation by a physical examination, but X-rays are taken to confirm the diagnosis and to rule out ... E. J. Hegedus; A. Goode; S. Campbell; A. Morin; M. Tamaddoni; C. T. Moorman III; C. Cook (2007). "Physical Examination Tests of ...
The physical examination of a patient with spinal stenosis will give the physician information about exactly where nerve ... Some important factors that should be investigated are any areas of sensory abnormalities, numbness, irregular reflexes, and ... The process usually begins with a medical history and physical examination. X-ray and MRI scans are typically used to determine ... The medical history is the most important aspect of the examination as it will tell the physician about subjective symptoms, ...
The heart in most people with palpitation is completely normal in its physical structure, but occasionally abnormalities such ... so routine physical examination and ECG remain important in the assessment of palpitation. Blood tests, particularly tests of ... Similarly, physical and mental stress may contribute to the occurrence of palpitation, possibly due to the depletion of certain ... Nevertheless, findings such as a heart murmur or an abnormality of the ECG, which could point to the probable diagnosis, may be ...
No characteristic laboratory abnormalities are approved to diagnose CFS; while physical abnormalities can be found, no single ... The CDC states that a medical history should be taken and a mental and physical examination should be done to aid diagnosis. ... poorer pre-illness physical fitness, attributing symptoms to physical illness, belief that a long recovery time is needed, as ... physical functioning, general health, physical role, and social functioning; however, the sub scales for "role emotional" and ...
Physical examination occasionally reveals signs of disease, but is otherwise normal. Cranial nerve abnormalities are reported ...
Besides a physical examination, the physician will need imaging techniques to determine the character of the malformation: ... Patients with uterine abnormalities may have associated renal abnormalities including unilateral renal agenesis. ...
Examination of her skin, arms, and legs revealed no swelling, no abnormalities, and three small cuts on her right knee and ... When asked, she specifically and repeatedly denied receiving any physical blows by hands. Further examination showed no ...
... physical examination, and other medical tests as appropriate. The physical examination for evaluating vaginal bleeding ... These are focused on finding the source of the bleeding and looking for any abnormalities that could cause bleeding. In ... An examination under anesthesia (EUA) may be necessary to exclude a vaginal foreign body or tumor, although instruments ... Endocervical polyps are visible at the time of a gynecologic examination using a vaginal speculum, and can often be removed ...
History and physical examination are central to the diagnostic workup in nephrology. This may include inquires regarding family ... Structural abnormalities of the kidneys are identified with imaging tests. These may include Medical ultrasonography/ultrasound ... Examination typically includes an assessment of volume state, blood pressure, skin, joints, abdomen and flank. Examination of ... If a physician passes the examination, then he or she can become a nephrology specialist. Typically, nephrologists also need ...
Physical examinationEdit. Fundoscopy should always be performed in children with craniosynostosis.[44] It is used to find ... Abnormalities in the skull baseEdit. Impaired venous outflow is often caused by a hypoplastic jugular foramen.[23] This causes ... The three main elements of analysis include medical history, physical examination and radiographic analysis.[citation needed] ... Other parts of the physical examination include the measurement of the head circumference, the assessment of the skull ...
There are a number of rare cases of diabetes that arise due to an abnormality in a single gene (known as monogenic forms of ... It is recommended that all people with type 2 diabetes get regular eye examinations.[13] There is weak evidence suggesting that ... lack of physical activity, poor diet, stress, and urbanization.[10][32] Excess body fat is associated with 30% of cases in ... High levels of physical activity reduce the risk of diabetes by about 28%.[73] Evidence for the benefit of dietary changes ...
Post-mortem examination of AD patients have shown decreased levels of acetylcholinesterase. [11C]PMP is used to map the ... A further advantage of statistical image reconstruction techniques is that the physical effects that would need to be pre- ... so that areas of abnormality on the PET imaging can be more perfectly correlated with anatomy on the CT images. This is very ... April 2005). "Radiation exposure of patients undergoing whole-body dual-modality 18F-FDG PET/CT examinations". J. Nucl. Med. 46 ...
The examination of preserved museum specimens has found Borrelia DNA in an infected Ixodes ricinus tick from Germany that dates ... The abnormalities seen in the SPECT images are very similar to those seen in people with cerebral vacuities and Creutzfeldt- ... Lyme disease is diagnosed based on symptoms, objective physical findings (such as erythema migrans (EM) rash, facial palsy, or ... Examination of a dog for ticks after being in a tick-infested area is an important precautionary measure to take in the ...
Diagnosis of a thyroglossal duct cyst requires a medical professional, and is usually done by a physical examination. It is ... Radioactive iodine or technetium (a radioactive metallic element) is used in this procedure to show any abnormalities of the ... Thyroglossal Duct Cysts are the second most common neck abnormalities after lymphadenopathy[18] ...
traditionally, the digital rectal examination (DRE) was considered an essential part of the physical examination for all trauma ... The physician spreads the buttocks apart and will usually examine the external area (anus and perineum) for any abnormalities ... Digital rectal examination (DRE; Latin: palpatio per anum, PPA) is an internal examination of the rectum, performed by a ... "Digital Rectal Examination". Healthline. 26 June 2017. Retrieved 31 March 2018.. *^ New York Magazine - Vol. 28, No. 11. " ...
History and physical examination are central to the diagnostic workup in nephrology. The history typically includes the present ... Structural abnormalities of the kidneys are identified with imaging tests. These may include Medical ultrasonography/ultrasound ... The physical examination typically includes an assessment of volume state, blood pressure, heart, lungs, peripheral arteries, ... Examination of the urine (urinalysis) allows a direct assessment for possible kidney problems, which may be suggested by ...
With causal closure, no physical event has a cause outside the physical domain, and with physical determinism, the future is ... Historically, most of the philosophical effort invested in resolving the dilemma has taken the form of close examination of ... Frith, CD; Blakemore, S; Wolpert, DM (2000). "Explaining the symptoms of schizophrenia: abnormalities in the awareness of ... Accounts of libertarianism subdivide into non-physical theories and physical or naturalistic theories. Non-physical theories ...
... and physical examination. Special attention should be focused on the neurovascular exam both before and after reduction, as ... However, cross-sectional imaging can subsequently be used to better define and evaluate abnormalities that may be missed or not ... Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 11(11), 507-513. *^ a b Skelley, Nathan W.; McCormick, Jeremy J.; Smith, ... In addition to improved visualization of bony abnormalities, MRI permits for a more detailed inspection of the joint-supporting ...
"Journal of Physical Therapy Science. 26 (12): 1997-1998. doi:10.1589/jpts.26.1997. PMC 4273076. PMID 25540516.. ... "Means for compensating for foot abnormalities". freepatentsonline.com. Retrieved 13 November 2016.. ... "Clinical Examination of the Foot and Ankle" (PDF). Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice. 32 (1): 105-132. doi:10.1016/j. ...
To illustrate this, Hirschfeld describes a case where a doctor said that if the ultrasound examination revealed "some fetal ... There is a commitment in Cuba to the triple diagnosis (physical/psychological/social) at all levels. ... notes that pregnant women may be forced to undergo abortions if fetal abnormalities are detected or forcibly placed under ... regular medical examinations, general vaccinations and other measures to prevent the outbreak of disease. All the population ...
Physical examination findings can help a physician make the diagnosis of FH. Tendon xanthomas are seen in 20-40% of individuals ... Abnormalities in the ARH gene, also known as LDLRAP1, were first reported in a family in 1973.[14] In contrast to the other ... Physical signsEdit. High cholesterol levels normally do not cause any symptoms. Yellow deposits of cholesterol-rich fat may be ... The Norwegian physician Dr Carl Müller first associated the physical signs, high cholesterol levels and autosomal dominant ...
Physical activity[edit]. A 2005 systematic review found no relationship between the amount of physical activity and the risk of ... Based on the person's symptoms and findings from the examination and from these tests, the physician may order tests on blood ... Specific abnormalities in the NCV results may suggest, for example, that the person has a form of peripheral neuropathy (damage ... Physical therapy plays a large role in rehabilitation for individuals with ALS. Specifically, physical, occupational, and ...
Confirmed by examination of the tumor under a microscope[4]. Treatment. Surgical resection, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, ... Congenital liver abnormalities, such as Caroli's syndrome (a specific type of five recognized choledochal cysts), have been ... The most common physical indications of cholangiocarcinoma are abnormal liver function tests, jaundice (yellowing of the eyes ... The disease is confirmed by examination of cells from the tumor under a microscope.[4] It is typically an adenocarcinoma (a ...
The next day a post-mortem examination was performed by Virchow and his assistant. They found that the larynx was extensively ... Although he anticipated full recovery, the fractured femur never healed, and restricted his physical activity. His health ... His book was the first to describe the techniques of autopsy specifically to examine abnormalities in organs, and retain ... Azar, HA (1997). "Rudolf Virchow, not just a pathologist: a re-examination of the report on the typhus epidemic in Upper ...
... infectious disease is nearly always initiated by consulting the patient's medical history and conducting a physical examination ... are used to produce images of internal abnormalities resulting from the growth of an infectious agent. ... Culture techniques will often use a microscopic examination to help in the identification of the microbe. Instruments such as ...
I believe it would be regarded more as the neurological part of a physical examination - see psychiatric assessment, in any ... phobias and preoccupations are bolded because they are the main categories of thought content abnormalities. To follow WP: ... Mental status examination has been listed as one of the Social sciences and society good articles under the good article ... Mental status examination is within the scope of WikiProject Autism, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of all ...
The standard diagnostic workup of suspected kidney disease includes a medical history, physical examination, a urine test, and ... Chronic kidney disease is defined as prolonged kidney abnormalities (functional and/or structural in nature) that last for more ...
Exercise, sport and physical activity. Physical activity can influence people's psychological[193] and physical health.[194] ... In comparison with other animal studies,[253][254] examination of neuroendocrine and neuroimmune responses in plasma revealed a ... HPA axis abnormalities are likely predicated on strong negative feedback inhibition of cortisol, itself likely due to an ... The risk of developing PTSD is increased in individuals who are exposed to physical abuse, physical assault, or kidnapping.[49] ...
In addition to the physical abnormalities, people with SCS also experience growth delays, which results in a relatively short ... Further examination revealed that these mice had only minor skull, hand, and foot defects similar to those seen in SCS. The ... The physical abnormalities resulting from SCS are typically mild and only require a minor surgical procedure or no procedure at ... develop new abnormalities and typically show significant neurological abnormalities. An increased parental age may play a role ...
O'Connor, Simon; Talley, Nicholas Joseph (2001). Clinical Examination: A Systematic Guide to Physical Diagnosis. Cambridge, MA ... Gait abnormality. *Scissor gait. *Cerebellar ataxia. *Festinating gait. *Marche à petit pas ...
... the proposed disease model of abnormality was subjected to analysis and considered normality to be relative to the physical, ... The medical examinations of recruits revealed that thousands of apparently healthy adults suffered mental difficulties. This ... Physical activityEdit. For some people, physical exercise can improve mental as well as physical health. Playing sports, ... The Lancet Global Health[142] acknowledges that there are well over 1,000 published articles covering physical health in Africa ...
The diagnosis of cerebral palsy has historically rested on the person's history and physical examination. A general movements ... These gait patterns are among the most common gait abnormalities in children with cerebral palsy. However, orthopaedic ... "Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America. 26 (1): 57-67. doi:10.1016/j.pmr.2014.09.005. PMC 4258234. PMID ... "Evidence for increasing physical activity in children with physical disabilities: a systematic review". Developmental Medicine ...
Main article: Physical exercise. Exercise is often recommended as a means of improving motor skills, fitness, muscle and bone ... as well as genetic testing to identify DNA abnormalities associated with specific myopathies and dystrophies. ... University of Dundee article on performing neurological examinations (Quadriceps "strongest"). *Muscle efficiency in rowing ... The heart has a claim to being the muscle that performs the largest quantity of physical work in the course of a lifetime. ...
The information required for diagnosis is typically collected from a history and physical examination of the person seeking ... It may indicate either degree of abnormality on a continuum or kind of abnormality in a classification. It's influenced by non- ... A diagnosis based significantly on laboratory reports or test results, rather than the physical examination of the patient. For ... physical examination and various diagnostic tests.. A diagnostic test is any kind of medical test performed to aid in the ...
This process includes a medical history, family history (pedigree), a detailed physical examination, reviewing objective data ... Finally, chromosome abnormalities are often detected in cancer samples. A large number of different methods have been developed ... Examples of chromosome abnormalities include aneuploidy, chromosomal rearrangements, and genomic deletion/duplication disorders ... Molecular tests are also used in the diagnosis of syndromes involving epigenetic abnormalities, such as Angelman syndrome, ...
Digital rectal examination (DRE) may allow a doctor to detect prostate abnormalities. Cystoscopy shows the urinary tract from ... The monitoring process may involve serial PSA, physical examination of the prostate, and/or repeated biopsies. The goal of ... "American Cancer Society Guidelines on Nutrition and Physical Activity for Cancer Prevention" (pdf). Last Revised: 1/11/2012. ... Research, World Cancer Research Fund ; American Institute for Cancer (2007). Food, nutrition, physical activity, and the ...
"OPETA: Neurologic Examination". Online physical exam teaching assistant. The UF College of Medicine Harrell Center. Archived ... Friedreich's ataxia has gait abnormality as the most commonly presented symptom.[1] The word is from Greek α- [a negative ... Schmitz TJ, O'Sullivan SB (2007). "Examination of Coordination". Physical rehabilitation. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis. pp. 193-225 ... Physicians can find evidence of sensory ataxia during physical examination by having patients stand with their feet together ...
Diagnosing ALL begins with a thorough medical history, physical examination, complete blood count, and blood smears. While many ... Laboratory tests that might show abnormalities include blood count, kidney function, electrolyte, and liver enzyme tests.[17] ... Blood tests and bone marrow examination[3]. Differential diagnosis. Infectious mononucleosis, acute myeloid leukemia, ... Adding physical exercises to the standard treatment for adult patients with haematologicl malignancies like ALL may result in ...
Menstrual abnormalities. Patients with PCOS have abnormal menstruation patterns attributed to chronic anovulation. (The patient ... Physical Examination. Hirsutism and virilizing signs. Patients may have excessive body hair in a male distribution pattern, as ...
Other components of the physical examination include an evaluation of the spine and extremities. Screening tests such as ... A limited physical examination should emphasize cardiac auscultation with provocative maneuvers to screen for hypertrophic ... 3 Even when cardiac abnormalities are detected, the leading disqualifiers are rhythm and conduction abnormalities, systemic ... The preparticipation physical examination. Mayo Clin Proc. 1998;73:419-29.. 4. Corrado D, Basso C, Schiavon M, Thiene G. ...
Physical examination revealed no abnormalities. Her temperature was 100.4ºF (38ºC). ... Physical examination findings. The patient had a low-grade fever of 100.6ºF (38.1ºC). Examination of heart, lungs, and abdomen ... did not demonstrate an acute abnormality. *How does the physical examination and laboratory information change the differential ... On physical examination, the patient had a fever of 105°F (40.6ºC) and a maculopapular rash on her legs, including the soles of ...
Report of Abnormality. If the spinal screening indicates that a student may have abnormal spinal curvature, the individual ... These provisions do not apply to any physical examination or screening that is permitted or required by an applicable state law ... The required notification applies to nonemergency, invasive physical examinations or screenings that are:. *Required as a ... Physical Fitness Assessment. Annually, a district shall assess the physical fitness of students in grade 3 or higher in a ...
Pupillary abnormalities [84] The oculomotor apparatus can be involved at any level, including the extraocular muscles (EOM), ... Physical Examination. Physical signs parallel symptoms and depend on the organ systems that are damaged by vasculitic ischemia ... Value of ophthalmologic examination in diagnosing temporal arteritis. JAMA. 2002 Mar 27. 287(12):1528-9. [Medline]. ... The clinician should conduct a head and neck, ophthalmologic, and neurologic examination and assess vital signs and blood ...
This installment of Focus on the Physical provides a systematic framework to identify normal, abnormal, and atypical foot ... Examination of the newborn foot: positional and structural abnormalities Adv Neonatal Care. 2002 Oct;2(5):248-58. ... The current theories of pathogenesis are provided, along with a step-by-step approach to the examination of the foot. A series ... A discussion of the diagnostic studies used to differentiate these abnormalities is provided, along with a brief overview of ...
Physical Examination. *Post-Menopausal Problems. *Postpartum Depression. *Pregnancy. *Prenatal Care and Counseling ... Pap Smear Abnormalities. *Pap Tests and Pelvic Exams. *Pelvic Exams. *Pelvic Pain ...
Physical examination revealed mild abdominal tenderness. In laboratory tests, serum lipase was 65 U/L (normal level 60 U/L), ... Abnormalities on computed tomography of the pancreas. BMJ 2017; 358 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.j3979 (Published 07 ...
History, physical examination, weight. Electrolyte abnormalities. Serum electrolytes. Metabolic acidosis. Serum electrolytes. ... such as imaging showing polycystic kidney disease or kidney biopsy abnormalities, with follow-up measurements annually; yellow ...
... abnormalities on physical examination; electrocardiogram results; and chest radiographs.. Several factors limit the usefulness ... abnormalities on lung or thorax physical examination; pulmonary function test results; and chest radiographs. ... With regard to other abnormalities on physical examination, the AFHS reported no significant differences between Ranch Hands ... abnormalities on physical examination, electrocardiogram results, and chest radiographs. ...
Physical examination revealed no abnormalities.. Blood tests showed an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate of 35 mm/h ( ...
Complete Physical Examination. Each patient must undergo a complete, fully documented physical examination by the program ... and cardiac abnormalities; dermatologic sequelae of addiction; vital signs; general appearance of head, eyes, ears, nose, ... History of physical or sexual abuse. Some patients enter an OTP with a history of physical or sexual abuse, which frequently ... Medical assessments (e.g., physical examinations, blood work) and psychosocial assessments also are necessary to gather ...
Physical examination showed no abnormalities. Laboratory values, including levels of sodium, potassium, liver enzymes, ...
Physical examination with no abnormalities. *Willing to consent to participate in the study follow-up ... In the investigators judgment, with clinical significance of penis abnormalities, or has received penile prosthesis ...
Physical examination did not reveal any additional abnormalities.. Initial laboratory results showed severe lactate acidosis ( ... Additional physical examination was completely normal. Laboratory results all were in the normal range except for slightly ... Visits to a well-infant clinic and a check-up by the pediatrician did not reveal any abnormalities. Because of the problems ...
General physical examination revealed no abnormalities; the patient was anicteric and had no palpable lymphadenopathy. The ... noted that the inv(16) was often associated with intestinal cases [13]. Our patient did not have this abnormality. Standard ... Further studies linking cytogenic abnormalities with the location of the tumors may permit more targeted therapies. ... On histological examination, MS typically shows a diffuse and infiltrative population of myeloblasts and granulocytes on H&E ...
The physical examination revealed no abnormalities; body condition and hydration status were normal. ... Physical examination is often unremarkable on admission, but clinical signs indicating the cause (amaurosis, circling) or ... To investigate the aetiology, a brain MRI scan was performed (Figures 1 and 2). Examination of the images revealed fluid ... In the present case, the lesion location as revealed by MRI examination is strongly indicative of a pituitary cleft cyst, and ...
... physical, neurological, ophthalmological, and dental examinations; hearing tests; urinary protein level; and occult blood by a ... Abnormalities at delivery, gestational age, and birth weight did not differ significantly across the three groups (table 1). ... Personal and physical data on pregnancy provided by the mother included maternal age at birth, planned and actual date of ... Personal, physical, and laboratory data from the infants birth to 3 years of age included gestational age at birth; ...
Physical examination reveals no abnormalities that require continued hospitalization.. *. There is no evidence of excessive ... periodic evaluations and physical examinations, and necessary screenings ...
A physical examination involves the doctor:. *pressing on your tummy to feel for any abnormalities ... Physical examination. Your GP may suggest a physical examination to try to find the cause of your heavy bleeding. ... A pelvic examination should not be carried out without your consent.. Further tests. If they have not been able to identify the ... Before carrying out a pelvic examination, your doctor will explain the procedure to you and why its necessary. ...
No abnormalities were found during physical examination. Her body mass index was 21.5 kg/m2. Transvaginal ultrasound revealed a ... Her physical exam was unremarkable. Her body mass index was 22 kg/m2. An endometrial thickness of 2.3 cm was measured during ...
Number of Participants With Physical Examination Abnormalities Description A full physical examination was planned to be done, ... A full physical examination was planned to be done, at a minimum, assessment of the skin (including injection site), head, eyes ... microscopic examination (if blood or protein was abnormal). Number of participants with no clinically significant abnormalities ... Number of Participants With Clinically Significant Urinalysis Abnormalities by Dipstick Method Description Urine samples were ...
No abnormalities were found on physical examination. Examination of a skin specimen, which the patient thought contained worms ... Her cognition was normal, and clinical examination found no abnormalities.. She was treated briefly with thioridazine (40 mg ... Score on Folstein Mini Mental State Examination was 28/30. Neurological examination revealed signs of peripheral neuropathy of ... During the examination, he pointed to several "bugs" on his legs, which were actually pieces of skin peeling from superficial ...
Findings of the medical history and physical examination include the following:. Normal. *No pain, growths, or abnormalities ... A thorough medical history and physical examination can often help rule out other possible causes of your symptoms, such as a ... initial evaluation by your doctor will include a medical history and physical examination. A medical history includes an ... Include a pelvic examination if symptoms indicate a possible pelvic infection or urethritis. ...
Physical examination showed no abnormalities. ECG revealed sinus rhythm. Posteroanterior chest x-ray (Figure 1A) showed a large ...
The United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) assesses a physicians ability to apply knowledge, concepts, and ... Physical examination shows no abnormalities. Pelvic examination shows a normal appearing vagina, cervix, uterus, and adnexa. ... Physical examination shows dry mucous membranes, erosion of enamel on the lingual surface of the front teeth, and hypertrophy ... Examination shows no abnormalities. Her hemoglobin concentration is 9 g/dL, hematocrit is 28%, and mean corpuscular volume is ...
On physical examination, she is afebrile. She has an erythematous, oval macular lesion, 7 to 8 cm in diameter, in her left ... axilla, with enhanced central erythema; no other abnormalities are noted. How should her case be managed? ...
... causes vary from physical obstructions, diseases of other organs or tissues, reduced saliva, and Alzheimers disease. Dysphagia ... Physical examination. The physical examination is of limited value in suggesting causes for dysphagia. Abnormalities of the ... Evaluation and diagnosis of the cause of dysphagia include history, physical examination, endoscopy, X-rays, esophageal ... Congenital abnormalities of the esophagus. These abnormalities are present from birth and are almost always discovered in ...
Similarly, the physical examination often fails to reveal distinctive abnormalities. Helpful diagnostic aids may include a ... A physical examination will include examination of the mouth, nose and throat to look for narrowing or obstruction, or unusual ... A physical exam will include examination of the throat to look for narrowing or obstruction. Blood pressure is also measured. ... Some patients being treated for head and neck cancer develop OSA as a result of physical changes in the muscles and other ...
  • If you have symptoms of a urinary tract infection (UTI), your initial evaluation by your doctor will include a medical history and physical examination. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • Include a pelvic examination if symptoms indicate a possible pelvic infection or urethritis . (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • A thorough medical history and physical examination can often help rule out other possible causes of your symptoms, such as a vaginal yeast infection , sexually transmitted infection , or prostatitis . (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • Symptoms are due to pelvic abnormalities. (merckmanuals.com)
  • This helps your doctor determine if your symptoms are caused by any abnormalities within your bladder such as bladder stones or tumors. (healthline.com)
  • The authors investigated neurological antibodies and neurophysiological abnormalities in patients exposed to molds at home who developed symptoms of peripheral neuropathy (i.e., numbness, tingling, tremors, and muscle weakness in the extremities). (ei-resource.org)
  • Nerve conduction studies revealed 4 patient groupings: (1) mixed sensory-motor polyneuropathy (n = 55, abnormal), (2) motor neuropathy (n = 17, abnormal), (3) sensory neuropathy (n = 27, abnormal), and (4) those with symptoms but no neurophysiological abnormalities (n = 20, normal controls). (ei-resource.org)
  • Men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are offered a full physical examination, including a digital rectal examination, as part of their initial assessment. (nice.org.uk)
  • NICE clinical guideline 97 recommends physical examination at initial assessment guided by urological symptoms and other medical conditions. (nice.org.uk)
  • The nature and pattern of the symptoms and physical signs of neurological disease allow inferences to be drawn about the sites of the lesions causing them. (britannica.com)
  • These will check for abnormalities in the womb or ovaries, such as fibroids or adenomyosis. (www.nhs.uk)
  • A physical examination used to check for abnormalities of the rectum or prostate. (cancer.ca)
  • Chest radiographic findings vary, but abnormalities are usually more striking than the findings upon physical examination. (medscape.com)
  • Airway abnormalities which may cause obstruction (patients with stridor, craniofacial abnormalities). (starship.org.nz)
  • It is often associated with other craniofacial abnormalities, including Crouzon syndrome, Apert syndrome, Pfeiffer syndrome, and Saethre-Chotzen syndrome. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Evaluation and diagnosis of the cause of dysphagia include history, physical examination, endoscopy , X-rays , esophageal manometry , esophageal impedance, esophageal acid testing, and tests for the diagnosis of muscular dystrophy and metabolic myopathies. (medicinenet.com)
  • Careful physical examination generally allows the clinician to make the diagnosis of plantar fasciitis. (medscape.com)
  • Based on the history, physical examination, and imaging studies, what is the differential diagnosis? (lww.com)
  • Includes descriptions of common abnormalities to aid students with diagnosis. (google.com.au)
  • The patient was competent and the history he relayed in addition to the physical exam made a strong case for the presumptive diagnosis. (epmonthly.com)
  • The patient was followed on consultations and five CSF examinations were done during a follow up period of a month, when the diagnosis was finally established. (scielo.br)
  • The diagnosis of Meniere's disease is primarily made from the history and physical examination. (medicinenet.com)
  • Cardiac follow-up was accomplished at another institution where the diagnosis of OCA was also established based on cutaneous features (white hair and white skin that does not tan) and ocular findings (nystagmus, reduced iris pigment with iris translucency, and reduced retinal pigment with visualization of choroidal blood vessels on ophthalmoscopic examination). (springer.com)
  • Before carrying out a pelvic examination, your doctor will explain the procedure to you and why it's necessary. (www.nhs.uk)
  • A pelvic examination should not be carried out without your consent . (www.nhs.uk)
  • The gynecologist will then perform a detailed physical examination including a pelvic examination. (bellaonline.com)
  • Physical examination, including neurological examinations, revealed no abnormalities. (frontiersin.org)
  • Physical and neurological examinations were unremarkable. (isciii.es)
  • Rather, the most common abnormalities leading to disqualification are musculoskeletal conditions, followed by other cardiac problems. (aafp.org)
  • No specific physical findings are evident in recurrent pyogenic cholangitis (RPC). (medscape.com)
  • There are standard evaluations, which may be ordered depending on the findings of the history and physical examination. (bellaonline.com)
  • The sections in this chapter of other health outcomes include chloracne, porphyria cutanea tarda, other metabolic and digestive disorders (diabetes mellitus, alterations in hepatic enzymes, lipid abnormalities, and gastrointestinal ulcers), immune system disorders (immune modulation, autoimmunity), and a number of circulatory and respiratory disorders. (nap.edu)
  • Chronic sinusitis can result from recurring episodes of acute sinusitis or it can be caused by other health conditions like asthma and allergic rhinitis, immune disorders, or structural abnormalities in the nose like deviated septum or nasal polyps. (umm.edu)
  • The physician looks for structural abnormalities, such as testicular tumors. (livestrong.com)
  • Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte abnormality during acute attacks, occurring in 40% of patients and presenting as SIADH. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, gait abnormalities from trauma to part of the leg will improve as the leg heals. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Physical therapy almost always helps with short-term or long-term gait disorders. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Play media Foot drop is a gait abnormality in which the dropping of the forefoot happens due to weakness, irritation or damage to the common peroneal nerve including the sciatic nerve, or paralysis of the muscles in the anterior portion of the lower leg. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patient risk factors for adverse events have been shown to include patients less than one year of age and ASA physical status III & IV. (starship.org.nz)
  • Neural autoantibodies and neurophysiologic abnormalities in patients exposed to molds in water-damaged buildings. (ei-resource.org)
  • In children and older patients, consider other bony abnormalities. (medscape.com)
  • However, patients do not have the breathing abnormalities that characterize sleep apnea and they do not show a reduction in blood oxygen levels. (umm.edu)
  • Performing a digital rectal examination is essential to assess the size of the prostate and to detect abnormalities that might indicate malignancy. (nice.org.uk)
  • A routine test that is used to detect abnormalities of the prostate gland. (nice.org.uk)
  • The cause of caries involves various physical, biological, environmental, and lifestyle factors-for example, cariogenic bacteria, inadequate salivary flow, insufficient exposure to fluoride, and poor oral hygiene, 5 and the crucial event in the clinical course is the initial acquisition of Streptococcus mutans . (bmj.com)
  • On admission, clinical examination did not reveal any remarkable features. (bioone.org)
  • Her cognition was normal, and clinical examination found no abnormalities. (mja.com.au)
  • The best preparation for the examination is broad-based learning that establishes a strong general understanding of concepts and principles in the basic and clinical sciences. (usmle.org)
  • books.google.com.au - Relied on by thousands of medical professionals, MOSBY'S PHYSICAL EXAMINATION HANDBOOK is a comprehensive, portable clinical reference for physical exams. (google.com.au)
  • Relied on by thousands of medical professionals, MOSBY'S PHYSICAL EXAMINATION HANDBOOK is a comprehensive, portable clinical reference for physical exams. (google.com.au)
  • Clinical examination revealed fixation of the patient's gaze to the right, with normal pupillary reflexes. (ajnr.org)
  • On physical examination, the woman seemed healthy and was not in acute distress. (lww.com)
  • Histologic examination of an acute lesion typically shows transmural inflammation with a mixed inflammatory infiltrate that is frequently accompanied by fibrinoid necrosis. (frontiersin.org)
  • Clinically important abnormalities on physical examination, electrocardiogram (ECG), or laboratory evaluations. (pfizer.com)
  • Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by progressive vascular manifestations (cerebral, thoracic, and abdominal arterial/aortic aneurysms and/or dissections) and skeletal abnormalities (sternal anomalies, scoliosis, joint laxity, arachnodactyly, talipes equinovarus). (springer.com)
  • This installment of Focus on the Physical provides a systematic framework to identify normal, abnormal, and atypical foot deformities in the newborn period. (nih.gov)
  • Results of the physical examination, including HEENT and chest examination, were normal. (nap.edu)
  • The differential for an abnormal PR interval begins with exclusion of abnormality due to normal PR variability. (neurologyadvisor.com)
  • Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in the left eye was hand motion, and fundus examination revealed a hyperemic optic disk with blurred margins, swelling, retinal folds, dilated veins, and normal size arteries. (frontiersin.org)
  • On examination, the patient has normal vital signs and is afebrile. (epmonthly.com)
  • Rectal examination is normal. (epmonthly.com)
  • General physical examination was normal. (scielo.br)
  • The neurologic examination was normal, except for a slight neck rigidity. (scielo.br)
  • Some doctors perform electrocardiograms as part of a normal yearly physical examination. (wisegeek.com)
  • On examination, she had no focal neurologic signs, normal visual acuity, and no visual field defects. (ajnr.org)
  • Estaba previamente diagnosticado de síndrome de Noonan basándose en su fenotipo especial (Turner-like), baja estatura, presencia de malformación cardíaca, retraso en la maduración ósea y sexual, y cariotipo normal. (isciii.es)
  • If the obstetrician detects abnormalities, prenatal testing may need to be done on the fetus. (infoplease.com)
  • The personal and family history of the athlete reveals 64 to 78 percent of conditions that could prohibit or alter sports participation, making it a more sensitive tool than the physical examination. (aafp.org)
  • A directed history taking and physical examination should precede sedation. (starship.org.nz)
  • This classic text still provides the best foundation for performing physical examinations and taking the patient's history. (ecampus.com)
  • A male physical exam may begin with a discussion between the physician and patient about health history, medications taken, heredity, living environment, diet, exercise and any additional concerns. (livestrong.com)
  • Once a history has been taken, the physician will do a general examination of the muscular system, skeletal system, skin, heart and lungs. (livestrong.com)
  • She had no history of other joint or bone abnormalities. (lww.com)
  • Because a patient's age, family history of thyroid disease or previous exposure to radiation increases the possibility of malignancy, the patient history is an extremely important component of the examination. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Examination of her right lower extremity revealed no palpable mass or deformity. (lww.com)
  • 3] Many thyroid abnormalities result in palpable and often visible gland enlargements. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Specific causes include physical obstruction of the pharynx or esophagus, diseases of the brain, diseases of the smooth muscle of the esophagus, diseases of the skeletal muscle of the pharynx, and miscellaneous diseases. (medicinenet.com)
  • Finally imaging such as an ultrasound or hysterosalpingogram can indicate if there is tubal obstruction or other uterine abnormalities. (bellaonline.com)
  • The abdominal examination revealed a mildly distended abdomen with moderate tenderness over the epigastrium. (hindawi.com)
  • Physical examination revealed mild abdominal tenderness. (bmj.com)
  • Physical examination discloses the mother's uterine size and estimates the length of her pregnancy. (infoplease.com)
  • i) Congenital or traumatic abnormalities of the external canal or tympanic membrane. (wa.gov)
  • Evidence of local arrangements to ensure that men with LUTS are offered a full physical examination, including a digital rectal examination, as part of their initial assessment. (nice.org.uk)
  • Proportion of men with LUTS who receive a full physical examination, including a digital rectal examination, as part of their initial assessment. (nice.org.uk)
  • Numerator - the number of men in the denominator who receive a full physical examination, including a digital rectal examination, as part of their initial assessment. (nice.org.uk)
  • Service providers ensure that systems are in place to provide a full physical examination, including a digital rectal examination, for men with LUTS, as part of their initial assessment. (nice.org.uk)
  • Healthcare professionals ensure that they offer men with LUTS a full physical examination, including a digital rectal examination, as part of their initial assessment. (nice.org.uk)
  • An examination of the abdomen and external genitalia, and a digital rectal examination. (nice.org.uk)
  • When offering a digital rectal examination, healthcare professionals should provide information about the examination that reflects any religious, ethnic, transgender or cultural needs and takes into account learning disabilities, or difficulties in communication or reading. (nice.org.uk)
  • It is important to carry out a full physical examination so that abnormalities of the abdomen and external genitalia are not missed and left untreated. (nice.org.uk)
  • Men with LUTS are offered a full physical examination, which includes the healthcare professional feeling inside the rectum to check the prostate gland, as part of their initial assessment. (nice.org.uk)
  • The full physical examination also revealed no other abnormalities. (ajnr.org)
  • Physical examination showed left lower quadrant peritonitis. (medworm.com)
  • Neurological examination revealed signs of peripheral neuropathy of the lower limbs. (mja.com.au)
  • The authors concluded that exposure to molds in water-damaged buildings increased the risk for development of neural autoantibodies, peripheral neuropathy, and neurophysiologic abnormalities in exposed individuals. (ei-resource.org)
  • An understanding of the bull's reproductive system will also help the producer better understand breeding soundness examinations, reproductive problems and breeding impairments. (missouri.edu)
  • Clinicians should consider an underlying illness if warmth, erythema, or effusion is noted on examination of the heel. (medscape.com)
  • Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) is a rare multisystemic disorder characterized by vascular and skeletal abnormalities, with considerable intra- and interfamilial variability. (springer.com)
  • Microscopic examination revealed a benign tumour proliferation composed of adipose tissue with no signs of malignancy (Fig. 3a, Fig. 3b). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • We studied the relationship of prostate cancer to anthropometry and self-reported physical activity among 5377 African-American and Caucasian participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I cohort. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Men who reported low levels of nonrecreational physical activity had increased risk of prostate cancer compared with very active men. (aacrjournals.org)
  • In light of the above, recent data from the National Center for Health Statistics provided an opportunity to examine prospectively in a large cohort of United States men the role of a variety of anthropometric measurements as well as selfreported physical activity levels in the subsequent development of prostate cancer. (aacrjournals.org)
  • It is also good practice to identify abnormalities, such as prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate) and associated conditions, which might affect bladder function. (nice.org.uk)
  • Visits to a well-infant clinic and a check-up by the pediatrician did not reveal any abnormalities. (aappublications.org)
  • Examine your lower back, abdomen, and the area just above where the pelvic bone and the lower abdomen meet for tenderness, pain, or abnormalities. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • There was no obesity and craniofacial abnormality. (ispub.com)
  • Identification of causal and contributing factors enable researchers and safety physical examinations to determine their specialists to develop strategies for preventing future similar medical ability to perform duties without incidents. (cdc.gov)
  • Eye, nose and paranasal sinuses showed no abnormalities. (scielo.br)
  • Physical examination demonstrated no abnormalities besides a fever. (ersjournals.com)
  • Vascular ulcer generally requires a careful examination and evaluation from the surgeon to identify the extent of the damage whether partial or complete amputation is necessary or if amputation is necessary at all. (amazonaws.com)
  • Physical exams assess all systems of the body to determine your overall health. (livestrong.com)
  • The scrotum provides physical protection to the testicle and helps regulate the temperature for optimum spermatozoa development. (missouri.edu)
  • Your urine will be tested for any abnormalities, including blood. (healthline.com)
  • A district shall provide the results of individual student performance on the physical fitness assessment to TEA . (tasb.org)
  • The results of individual student performance on the physical fitness assessment instrument are confidential and may be released only in accordance with state and federal law. (tasb.org)
  • Depending on the results, the fertility doctor may suggest that your husband have a detailed physical examination by an Urologist. (bellaonline.com)
  • Although the cause of Meniere's disease is unknown, it probably results from an abnormality in the way fluid of the inner ear is regulated. (medicinenet.com)
  • Not infrequently in RPC, upon careful physical examination, hepatomegaly or an enlarged tender gallbladder can be palpated in the RUQ. (medscape.com)
  • Pain due to Achilles tendonitis or bursitis is typically distinguished from plantar fasciitis on careful physical examination. (medscape.com)
  • 3 Even when cardiac abnormalities are detected, the leading disqualifiers are rhythm and conduction abnormalities, systemic hypertension and valvular heart disease, 4 not the cardiac abnormalities listed in the opening paragraph. (aafp.org)
  • Record vital signs, noting any abnormalities of heart rate or rhythm. (cdc.gov)
  • On physical examination, she is afebrile. (nih.gov)
  • Blood tests for detection of abnormalities like anemia, high or low blood sugar are advised. (news-medical.net)
  • He was diagnosed after a physical examination showed abnormalities in his blood and prompted further tests. (organicconsumers.org)