Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length
Bacterial Typing Techniques
Molecular Sequence Data
Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Use of groESL as a target for identification of Abiotrophia, Granulicatella, and Gemella species. (1/3)(+info)
Clonal analysis of the microbiota of severe early childhood caries. (2/3)(+info)
Phylogenetic group- and species-specific oligonucleotide probes for single-cell detection of lactic acid bacteria in oral biofilms. (3/3)(+info)
Endocarditis, bacterial is an infection of the inner lining of the heart (endocardium) and the heart valves. It is caused by bacteria that enter the bloodstream and attach themselves to the heart valves or other areas of the heart. The infection can cause inflammation, damage to the heart valves, and the formation of scar tissue, which can lead to heart failure or other complications. Bacterial endocarditis is typically treated with antibiotics, but surgery may be necessary in some cases to repair or replace damaged heart valves. It is a serious condition that requires prompt medical attention.
Gram-positive bacterial infections are infections caused by bacteria that stain positively with the Gram stain, a common laboratory test used to differentiate between different types of bacteria. Gram-positive bacteria have a thick peptidoglycan layer in their cell walls, which stains pink or purple with the Gram stain. Gram-positive bacterial infections can affect various parts of the body, including the skin, respiratory system, urinary tract, and bloodstream. Some common examples of gram-positive bacterial infections include strep throat, pneumonia, cellulitis, and endocarditis. Treatment for gram-positive bacterial infections typically involves the use of antibiotics, which are medications that can kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria. The choice of antibiotic will depend on the specific type of bacteria causing the infection and the severity of the infection. In some cases, hospitalization may be necessary for more severe infections.
RNA, Ribosomal, 16S is a type of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) that is found in bacteria and archaea. It is a small subunit of the ribosome, which is the cellular machinery responsible for protein synthesis. The 16S rRNA is located in the 30S subunit of the ribosome and is essential for the binding and decoding of messenger RNA (mRNA) during translation. The sequence of the 16S rRNA is highly conserved among bacteria and archaea, making it a useful target for the identification and classification of these organisms. In the medical field, the 16S rRNA is often used in molecular biology techniques such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing to study the diversity and evolution of bacterial and archaeal populations. It is also used in the development of diagnostic tests for bacterial infections and in the identification of antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria.
DNA, ribosomal, refers to the specific type of DNA found within ribosomes, which are the cellular structures responsible for protein synthesis. Ribosomal DNA (rDNA) is transcribed into ribosomal RNA (rRNA), which then forms the core of the ribosome. The rRNA molecules are essential for the assembly and function of the ribosome, and the rDNA sequences that code for these molecules are highly conserved across different species. Mutations in rDNA can lead to defects in ribosome function and can be associated with various medical conditions, including some forms of cancer and inherited disorders.
Bacteremia is a medical condition in which bacteria are present in the bloodstream. It is a serious condition that can lead to sepsis, a life-threatening condition that occurs when the body's response to an infection causes widespread inflammation and organ damage. Bacteremia can be caused by a variety of bacteria, including Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli. It can be diagnosed through blood cultures, which involve taking a sample of blood and growing the bacteria in a laboratory to confirm the presence of the bacteria. Treatment for bacteremia typically involves antibiotics to kill the bacteria and manage the symptoms of the infection.
Streptococcal infections are a group of illnesses caused by bacteria of the genus Streptococcus. These bacteria can cause a wide range of infections, including throat infections (strep throat), skin infections (impetigo), ear infections, and pneumonia. Streptococcal infections are typically spread through contact with infected individuals or contaminated surfaces, and they can be treated with antibiotics. Some types of streptococcal infections can also cause more serious complications, such as rheumatic fever and post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis, which can damage the kidneys.
DNA, Bacterial refers to the genetic material of bacteria, which is a type of single-celled microorganism that can be found in various environments, including soil, water, and the human body. Bacterial DNA is typically circular in shape and contains genes that encode for the proteins necessary for the bacteria to survive and reproduce. In the medical field, bacterial DNA is often studied as a means of identifying and diagnosing bacterial infections. Bacterial DNA can be extracted from samples such as blood, urine, or sputum and analyzed using techniques such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or DNA sequencing. This information can be used to identify the specific type of bacteria causing an infection and to determine the most effective treatment. Bacterial DNA can also be used in research to study the evolution and diversity of bacteria, as well as their interactions with other organisms and the environment. Additionally, bacterial DNA can be modified or manipulated to create genetically engineered bacteria with specific properties, such as the ability to produce certain drugs or to degrade pollutants.
Lactic acid bacteria
Infective Endocarditis Workup: Approach Considerations, Blood and Urine Studies, Blood Culture
Infective Endocarditis Clinical Presentation: History, Physical Examination, Complications
Small Things Considered
References | Isolation Precautions | Guidelines Library | Infection Control | CDC
John Greene | Moffitt
Name Taxonomy in SILVA v123
DeCS 2020 - June 23, 2020 version
Code System Concept
DeCS 2019 - June 12, 2019 version
DeCS 2018 - July 31, 2018 version
DeCS 2017 - July 04, 2017 version
DeCS 2018 - July 31, 2018 version
Infective Endocarditis: Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiology
Introduction To Diagnostic Microbiology For The Laboratory Sciences 2nd Edition : Maria Dannessa Delost : 9781284199734 |...
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MH DELETED MN ADDED MN
- Closing The Brief Case: A Variant on a Classic-Abiotrophia defectiva Endocarditis with Discitis. (bvsalud.org)
- Resistance to Meropenem or Imipenem among Abiotrophia and Granulicatella species is rare. (labriegorural.es)
- Antimicrobial susceptibility testing is very difficult for Abiotrophia and Granulicatella due to their fastidious nature. (phongthuyxam.com)
- Significant associations between the microbiota and dental caries were identified: Positive associations of Capnocytophaga and Tannerella suggest that these taxa may be deleterious to dental health while negative associations of Granulicatella, Fusobacterium, and Abiotrophia suggest taxa potentially beneficial or benign contributors to dental health. (kyu.ac.ug)
- Genetic heterogeneities and phenotypic characteristics of strains of the genus Abiotrophia and proposal of Abiotrophia para-adiacens sp. (nih.gov)
- AN - coordinate IM with COLORECTAL NEOPLASMS or specifics (IM) HN - 2011 MH - Abiotrophia UI - D058835 MN - B3.510.550.30.14 MS - A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic bacteria in the family AEROCOCCACEAE. (nih.gov)