Abies: A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. Balm of Gilead is a common name more often referring to POPULUS and sometimes to COMMIPHORA.Pulsatilla: A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE. Members contain cernuosides and other oleanane and hederagenin saponins.Picea: A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen, pyramidal trees with whorled branches and thin, scaly bark. Each of the linear, spirally arranged leaves is jointed near the stem on a separate woody base.Theaceae: A plant family of the order THEALES, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida, best known for CAMELLIA SINENSIS, which is the source of Oriental TEA.Saxifragaceae: The saxifrage plant family of the order ROSALES, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. The leaves are alternate and sometimes deeply lobed or form rosettes. The flowers have both male and female parts and 4 or 5 sepals and petals; they are usually in branched clusters. The fruit is a capsule with many seeds.Berberis: A plant genus in the family BERBERIDACEAE. The common names of Barberry or Oregon Grape are also used for MAHONIA. The similar-named Bayberry is the unrelated MYRICA. Oregon Grape was classified by Pursh as a Berberis but Nuttall claimed it is different enough to call it a new genus, MAHONIA. Botanists insist on this name while horticulturists stay with Mahonia. They are shrubs with yellow wood and usually three-branched spines at the base of leafstalks. Flowers are yellow, six-petaled and fruit is a berry with one to several seeds. Members contain BERBERINE.StigmasterolKorea: Former kingdom, located on Korea Peninsula between Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea on east coast of Asia. In 1948, the kingdom ceased and two independent countries were formed, divided by the 38th parallel.Feedback: A mechanism of communication within a system in that the input signal generates an output response which returns to influence the continued activity or productivity of that system.Chromatography, Supercritical Fluid: A CHROMATOGRAPHY method using supercritical fluid, usually carbon dioxide under very high pressure (around 73 atmospheres or 1070 psi at room temperature) as the mobile phase. Other solvents are sometimes added as modifiers. This is used both for analytical (SFC) and extraction (SFE) purposes.Chamaecyparis: A plant genus of the family CUPRESSACEAE which should not be confused with other cedar and cypress trees of THUJA or CUPRESSUS genera.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Biomass: Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.SwitzerlandGymnosperms: Gymnosperms are a group of vascular plants whose seeds are not enclosed by a ripened ovary (fruit), in contrast to ANGIOSPERMS whose seeds are surrounded by an ovary wall. The seeds of many gymnosperms (literally, "naked seed") are borne in cones and are not visible. Taxonomists now recognize four distinct divisions of extant gymnospermous plants (CONIFEROPHYTA; CYCADOPHYTA; GINKGOPHYTA; and GNETOPHYTA).Wood: A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.Botany: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.Coniferophyta: A plant division of GYMNOSPERMS consisting of cone-bearing trees and shrubs.Carex Plant: A plant genus of the family CYPERACEAE. The seed contains oligostilbenes (STILBENES).Musaceae: A plant family of the order ZINGIBERALES, subclass Zingiberidae, class Liliopsida best known for banana (MUSA). The slender false trunk, formed by leaf sheaths of the spirally arranged leaves, may rise to 15 meters (50 feet). There is a crown of large leaves at the top.Wetlands: Environments or habitats at the interface between truly terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them different from each yet highly dependent on both. Adaptations to low soil oxygen characterize many wetland species.Needles: Sharp instruments used for puncturing or suturing.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Biopsy, Needle: Removal and examination of tissue obtained through a transdermal needle inserted into the specific region, organ, or tissue being analyzed.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Citrullus: A plant genus of the family CUCURBITACEAE known for the edible fruit.Vegetables: A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.Tannins: Polyphenolic compounds with molecular weights of around 500-3000 daltons and containing enough hydroxyl groups (1-2 per 100 MW) for effective cross linking of other compounds (ASTRINGENTS). The two main types are HYDROLYZABLE TANNINS and CONDENSED TANNINS. Historically, the term has applied to many compounds and plant extracts able to render skin COLLAGEN impervious to degradation. The word tannin derives from the Celtic word for OAK TREE which was used for leather processing.Plant Bark: The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.Lichens: Any of a group of plants formed by a symbiotic combination of a fungus with an algae or CYANOBACTERIA, and sometimes both. The fungal component makes up the bulk of the lichen and forms the basis for its name.Pinus ponderosa: A plant species of the genus PINUS that contains isocupressic acid.Apatites: A group of phosphate minerals that includes ten mineral species and has the general formula X5(YO4)3Z, where X is usually calcium or lead, Y is phosphorus or arsenic, and Z is chlorine, fluorine, or OH-. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Plant Stems: Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Annonaceae: The custard-apple plant family of the order Magnoliales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. Some members provide large pulpy fruits and commercial timber. Leaves and wood are often fragrant. Leaves are simple, with smooth margins, and alternately arranged in two rows along the stems.Morocco: A country located in north Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, with a southern border with Western Sahara, eastern border with Algeria. The capital is Rabat.Crowns: A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.Coleus: A plant genus of the family Lamiaceae. The species of Coleus should be distinguished from PLECTRANTHUS BARBATUS - which is also known as Coleus forskohlii.Pasteurellosis, Pneumonic: Bovine respiratory disease found in animals that have been shipped or exposed to CATTLE recently transported. The major agent responsible for the disease is MANNHEIMIA HAEMOLYTICA and less commonly, PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA or HAEMOPHILUS SOMNUS. All three agents are normal inhabitants of the bovine nasal pharyngeal mucosa but not the LUNG. They are considered opportunistic pathogens following STRESS, PHYSIOLOGICAL and/or a viral infection. The resulting bacterial fibrinous BRONCHOPNEUMONIA is often fatal.Ships: Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.Lamiaceae: The mint plant family. They are characteristically aromatic, and many of them are cultivated for their oils. Most have square stems, opposite leaves, and two-lipped, open-mouthed, tubular corollas (united petals), with five-lobed, bell-like calyxes (united sepals).
(1/51) Pervasive influence of large-scale climate in the dynamics of a terrestrial vertebrate community.

BACKGROUND: Large-scale climatic variability has been implicated in the population dynamics of many vertebrates throughout the Northern Hemisphere, but has not been demonstrated to directly influence dynamics at multiple trophic levels of any single system. Using data from Isle Royale, USA, comprising time series on the long-term dynamics at three trophic levels (wolves, moose, and balsam fir), we analyzed the relative contributions of density dependence, inter-specific interactions, and climate to the dynamics of each level of the community. RESULTS: Despite differences in dynamic complexity among the predator, herbivore, and vegetation levels, large-scale climatic variability influenced dynamics directly at all three levels. The strength of the climatic influence on dynamics was, however, strongest at the top and bottom trophic levels, where density dependence was weakest. CONCLUSIONS: Because of the conflicting influences of environmental variability and intrinsic processes on population stability, a direct influence of climate on the dynamics at all three levels suggests that climate change may alter stability of this community. Theoretical considerations suggest that if it does, such alteration is most likely to result from changes in stability at the top or bottom trophic levels, where the influence of climate was strongest.  (+info)

(2/51) Wind-dispersed pollen mediates postglacial gene flow among refugia.

A long-term genetic legacy of refugial isolation has been postulated and was demonstrated for maternal refugial lineages for numerous plant and animal species. The lineages were assumed to have remained separated from each other for several glacial periods. The conifer Abies alba Miller, silver fir, is an excellent model to test whether pollen-mediated gene flow may eliminate the genetic imprints of Pleistocene refugial isolation. Two DNA markers with contrasting modes of inheritance were applied to 100 populations covering the entire range of silver fir in Europe. The markers exhibited each two highly conserved alleles based on an insertion/deletion of 80 bp in the fourth intron of the mitochondrial nad5 gene and on a synonymous substitution in the chloroplast psbC gene. The geographical distribution of the maternally inherited mitochondrial variation supported the existence of at least two refugia with two recolonizing maternal lineages remaining largely separated throughout the range. The cline of the nad5 allele frequencies was much steeper than the one of the two psbC alleles. The psbC cline was as wide as the whole range of the species. Our results provide striking evidence that even a species with very long generation times and heavy pollen grains was able to establish a highly efficient pollen-mediated gene flow between refugia. Therefore we postulate that an exchange of genetic information between refugia by range-wide paternal introgression is possible in wind-pollinated plant species.  (+info)

(3/51) Seasonal and perennial changes in the distribution of water in the sapwood of conifers in a sub-frigid zone.

An analysis was made of progressive changes in patterns of cavitation in the sapwood of three species of conifer (Larix kaempferi, Abies sachalinensis, and Picea jezoensis) that were growing in a sub-frigid zone. In all three conifers, all tracheids of the newly forming outermost annual ring were filled with water or cytoplasm during the period from May to August. However, many tracheids in the transition zone from earlywood to latewood lost water in September, presumably through drought-induced cavitation. Cavitated tracheids tended to be continuously distributed in a tangential direction. Subsequently, some earlywood tracheids of the outermost annual ring lost water during the period from January to March. This was associated with freeze-thaw cycles. In the second and third annual rings from the cambium of all three conifers, the lumina of most tracheids in the transition zone from earlywood to latewood contained no water. In contrast, some latewood tracheids near the annual ring boundary and many earlywood tracheids retained water in their lumina. The third annual ring had more cavitated tracheids than the second annual ring. Our observations indicated that cavitation progressed gradually in the tracheids of the conifers and that they were never refilled once cavitation had occurred. The region involved in water transport in conifers did not include the entire sapwood and differed among annual rings.  (+info)

(4/51) Modeling current and future potential wintering distributions of eastern North American monarch butterflies.

Monarch butterflies overwinter in restricted areas in montane oyamel fir forests in central Mexico with specific microclimates that allow the butterflies to survive for up to 5 months. We use ecological niche modeling (ENM) to identify areas adequate for overwintering monarch colonies under both current and future climate scenarios. The ENM approach permits testing and validation of model predictivity, and yields quantitative, testable predictions regarding likely future climate change effects. Our models predicted monarch presence with a high degree of accuracy, and indicated that precipitation and diurnal temperature range were key environmental factors in making locations suitable for monarchs. When we projected monarch distribution onto future climate scenarios (Hadley Centre climate models), we found that conditions were likely to be inadequate across the entire current winter range, particularly owing to increased cool-weather precipitation that could cause increased mortality. This study applies ENM to understanding the seasonal dynamics of a migratory species under climate change, and uses ENM to identify key limiting environmental parameters in species' responses to climate change.  (+info)

(5/51) The influence of top-down, bottom-up and abiotic factors on the moose (Alces alces) population of Isle Royale.

Long-term, concurrent measurement of population dynamics and associated top-down and bottom-up processes are rare for unmanipulated, terrestrial systems. Here, we analyse populations of moose, their predators (wolves, Canis lupus), their primary winter forage (balsam fir, Abies balsamea) and several climatic variables that were monitored for 40 consecutive years in Isle Royale National Park (544 km2), Lake Superior, USA. We judged the relative importance of top-down, bottom-up and abiotic factors on moose population growth rate by constructing multiple linear regression models, and calculating the proportion of interannual variation in moose population growth rate explained by each factor. Our analysis indicates that more variation in population growth rate is explained by bottom-up than top-down processes, and abiotic factors explain more variation than do bottom-up processes. Surprisingly, winter precipitation did not explain any significant variation in population growth rate. Like that detected for two Norwegian ungulate populations, the relationship between population growth rate and the North Atlantic Oscillation was nonlinear. Although this analysis provides significant insight, much remains unknown: of the models examined, the most parsimonious explain little more than half the variation in moose population growth rate.  (+info)

(6/51) Respiratory symptoms and peak expiratory flow rates among furniture-decoration students.

This study was designed to evaluate the effects of furniture production, mainly including fir tree (aberia mulleriana), on respiratory health of young workers and to compare the results with those obtained from previous studies. Sixty-four furniture-decoration students (57 males and 7 females) and 62 controls (54 male, 8 female) from different departments in the same school were included into the study. All participants were assessed with a questionnaire (concerning history of occupational exposure, work-related respiratory and other symptoms, smoking history, previous asthma history), full physical examination, spirometric evaluation and chest radiograph. Participants then performed serial monitoring of peak expiratory flow rates (PEFR) at work and away from work within a month. Mean age of students was 20.9 +/- 3.7 years, 20.5 +/- 2.6 years in controls. There was no difference between study and control groups with regard to age, gender, smoking status and previous asthma history. Reported cough (23.4 % vs. 8.1 %) and shortness of breath (18.8 % vs. 6.5 %) were significantly higher in furniture-decoration students than in controls (p = 0.016 and p = 0.034, respectively). Furniture-decoration students had higher conjunctivitis (34.4 % vs. 9.7 %, p = 0.001) and rhinitis (34.4 % vs. 19.4 %, p = 0.044) history when compared with controls. Both students and controls were normal in terms of respiratory examination. PEF recordings were performed for approximately one month. Diurnal variability greater than 20 % was seen in 12/64 (18.7 %) of students at work, whereas it was detected in 4/62 (6.4 %) of controls (p = 0.034). When comparing for the presence of diurnal variability greater than 20 % in weekends, no difference was found between groups (p = 0.457). In conclusion, early detection of work-related respiratory changes by serial monitoring of peak expiratory flows should save the workers from hazardous respiratory effects of the furniture production, especially in young population.  (+info)

(7/51) Differentiation of terminal latewood tracheids in silver fir trees during autumn.

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The differentiation of terminal latewood tracheids of silver fir (Abies alba) trees grown in Slovenia was investigated in autumn/winter 2001/2002. METHODS: The experimental trees were divided into three groups: one with narrow annual rings, width less than 1 mm; one with annual ring widths between 1 and 4 mm; and one group with broad rings larger than 4 mm. The differentiation of terminal latewood tracheids was investigated by light-, electron- and UV-microscopy in tissues sampled in October and November 2001 and March 2002. KEY RESULTS: In the middle of October, cambial divisions did not occur any more in any of the trees. In trees with narrow annual rings, cell wall deposition as well as lignification were completed in terminal latewood tracheids at this date, whereas in trees with annual ring widths of more than 1 mm these processes still continued. Electron microscopy as well as UV microscopy revealed an unlignified inner S(2) layer and the absence of S(3) and warty layers. With increasing distance from the cambium, wall formation and lignification gradually appeared to be completed. Samples of all trees taken in the middle of November only contained differentiated terminal latewood tracheids. At the structural and lignin topochemical level, November and March samples showed completed differentiation of walls of terminal latewood tracheids. CONCLUSIONS: In trees with broader annual rings, the final steps of differentiation of the youngest latewood tracheids near the cambium still continued during autumn, but were finished prior to winter. It was concluded from structural observations that duration of cambial activity is longer in trees with broad annual rings than in trees with narrow rings.  (+info)

(8/51) Unexpectedly high bacterial diversity in arctic tundra relative to boreal forest soils, revealed by serial analysis of ribosomal sequence tags.

Arctic tundra and boreal forest soils have globally relevant functions that affect atmospheric chemistry and climate, yet the bacterial composition and diversity of these soils have received little study. Serial analysis of ribosomal sequence tags (SARST) and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) were used to compare composite soil samples taken from boreal and arctic biomes. This study comprises an extensive comparison of geographically distant soil bacterial communities, involving the analysis of 12,850 ribosomal sequence tags from six composite soil samples. Bacterial diversity estimates were greater for undisturbed arctic tundra soil samples than for boreal forest soil samples, with the highest diversity associated with a sample from an extreme northern location (82(o)N). The lowest diversity estimate was obtained from an arctic soil sample that was disturbed by compaction and sampled from a greater depth. Since samples from the two biomes did not form distinct clusters on the basis of SARST data and DGGE fingerprints, factors other than latitude likely influenced the phylogenetic compositions of these communities. The high number of ribosomal sequences analyzed enabled the identification of possible cosmopolitan and endemic bacterial distributions in particular soils.  (+info)

*  Abies forrestii
Abies chayuensis) A. forrestii var. forrestii (syn. Abies chengii) A. forrestii var. georgei - George's fir A. forrestii var. ... Abies forrestii is a species of conifer in the family Pinaceae. It is endemic to China. It was named after George Forrest (1873 ... Zhang, D.; Katsuki, T. & Rushforth, K. (2013). "Abies forrestii". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013: e. ... Abies forrestii. Flora of China. eFloras.org. ...
*  Abies sachalinensis
... who initially thought it to be a variety of Abies veitchii. Abies nephrolepis(khingan fir) is known to be the closest relative ... Abies sachalinensis, the Sakhalin fir, is a species of conifer in the family Pinaceae(pine family). It is found in Sakhalin ... Needles cover the shoots above and on the sides similar to the Abies veitchii, Needle length is .5 to 1.4 inches long (1.2-3.5 ... It is a used for cultivations in gardens and arboreta in Russia, Northern Europe, England, and USA The Abies Sachalinesis is ...
*  Abies grandis
It can also referred to as "white fir" lumber, an umbrella term also referring to Abies amabilis, Abies concolor, and Abies ... Abies grandis USDA Plants Profile of Abies grandis (grand fir) Interactive Distribution Map of Abies grandis Jepson eFlora: ... Abies grandis CalFlora Database: Abies grandis (grand fir). ... Abies grandis (grand fir, giant fir, lowland white fir, great ... Abies grandis is a large evergreen coniferous tree growing to 40-70 m (exceptionally 100 m) tall and with a trunk diameter of ...
*  Abies holophylla
... , also called needle fir or Manchurian fir, is a species of fir native to mountainous regions of northern Korea ... Katsuki, T.; Zhang, D & Rushforth, K. (2013). "Abies holophylla". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013: e. ... Conifer Specialist Group (1998). "Abies holophylla". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for ...
*  Abies bracteata
doi:10.1007/s10592-005-9049-x. CalFlora Database: Abies bracteata (Santa Lucia fir) Jepson Flora Project Treatment: Abies ... Abies bracteata, the bristlecone fir or Santa Lucia fir, is a rare fir, confined to slopes and the bottoms of rocky canyons in ... Gymnosperm Database: Abies bracteata Photos of foliage Rogers, David Perfect Pattern of Silvan Perfection on the Symmetrical ... Conifer Specialist Group (1998). "Abies bracteata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for ...
*  Abies fabri
... is closely related to Abies delavayi and Abies forrestii, which replace it to the south and southwest respectively ... Abies fabri (Faber's fir) is a conifer species in the family Pinaceae. It is endemic to Sichuan in western China, occurring on ... There are two subspecies: Abies fabri subsp. fabri. Central and western Sichuan, in areas with heavy summer monsoon rainfall. ... Xiang, Q. & Rushforth, K. (2013). "Abies fabri". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013: e.T42280A2969319. doi: ...
*  Abies homolepis
Liu, T. S. (1971). A Monograph of the genus Abies. National Taiwan University. Conifers Around the World: Abies homolepis - ... Abies homolepis, the Nikko fir (in Japanese ウラジロモミ, urajiro-momi) is a fir native to the mountains of central and southern ... Katsuki, T.; Zhang, D; Rushforth, K. & Farjon, A. (2013). "Abies homolepis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. ... ISBN 3-444-70130-6. Conifer Specialist Group (1998). "Abies homolepis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. ...
*  Abies fargesii
The Plant List Abies fargesii Franch. Liguo Fu; Nan Li; Thomas S. Elias & Robert R. Mill. "Abies fargesii". Flora of China. ... Abies fargesii can grow very large and be up to 40 metres (130 ft) tall. It is endemic to central China where it is found in ... Abies fargesii (Chinese: 巴山冷杉) is a species of fir, a coniferous tree in the Pinaceae family. Its common name is Farges' fir, ... The cones of the given fir are 0.8 to 1.5 by 1.3-2 centimetres (0.51-0.79 in). Abies fargesii is a timber tree used in ...
*  Abies vejarii
... is a species of fir native to northeastern Mexico, in the states of Coahuila and Nuevo León, where it grows at ... A Handbook of the World's Conifers by Altos Farjon Farjon, A. (2013). "Abies vejarii". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species ...
*  Abies densa
... also has smaller cones with bracts relatively longer than in Abies spectabilis. Zhang, D; Christian, T.; Carter, G ... Sometimes lumped with Abies spectabilis, a species of more westerly distribution, Abies densa differs from the former in ... Abies densa (Bhutan fir) is a conifer species in the family Pinaceae. It is sometimes included in the East Himalayan fir (A. ... Also called the Himalayan alpine fir, Abies densa is a dominant conifer in the upper coniferous belt of the central and eastern ...
*  Abies kawakamii
... is a species of conifer in the Pinaceae family. It is found only in Taiwan. First described in 1908 by Bunzō ... Abies kawakamii is exclusively native to the island of Taiwan, and is one of the southernmost true firs (together with A. ... Thomas, P.; Liao, W. & Yang, Y. (2013). "Abies kawakamii". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013: e. ... Hayata as a variety of Abies mariesii, a high-mountain fir native to Japan; the next year it was elevated to species rank by ...
*  Abies nebrodensis
... as Abies alba var. nebrodensis. Thomas, P. (2009). "Abies nebrodensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. ... Abies nebrodensis, the Sicilian fir, is a fir native to the Nebrodi and Madonie mountains in northern Sicily. It is a medium- ... It is closely related to silver fir, Abies alba, which replaces it in the Apennine Mountains of Italy and elsewhere further ... Abies nebrodensis. - distribution map, genetic conservation units and related resources. European Forest Genetic Resources ...
*  Abies fanjingshanensis
... is a species of conifer in the Pinaceae family. It is found only in China, on Fanjing Mountain in ... Yang, Y.; Zhang, D; Li, N.; Luscombe, D. & Rushforth, K. (2013). "Abies fanjingshanensis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened ...
*  Abies ziyuanensis
... is a species of fir, a conifer in the Pinaceae family. It is only known from four locations in Guangxi and ... A. ziyuanensis is related to Abies beshanzuensis, another threatened fir endemic to China. While the population was in the ... "Abies ziyuanensis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2011: e.T32320A9696874. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-2.RLTS. ...
*  Abies nephrolepis
It is closely related to Abies sachalinensis, Abies koreana, Abies veitchii, and Abies sibirica, which replace it to the east, ... Abies nephrolepis, commonly known as Khingan fir, is a species of fir native to northeastern China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin ... The range abuts that of A. sibirica and hybrids occur where they meet; these have been named as Abies × sibirico-nephrolepis ... Cirrus Digital Manchurian Fir Zhang, D; Katsuki, T. & Rushforth, K. (2013). "Abies nephrolepis". The IUCN Red List of ...
*  Abies guatemalensis
... or the Guatemalan fir is an evergreen tree native to Central America and is the southernmost member of the ... Sørensen, M.; Kollmann, J. & Gardner, M. (2013). "Abies guatemalensis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013: e. ... "Abies Guatemalensis". The Gymnosperm Database. 2006. Retrieved 2017-12-04. Silba, John (1986). "Encyclopedia coniferae". ... genus Abies being spread to the south lower than 14° N. Its range is from southern (less from western and central) Mexico in ...
*  Abies hidalgensis
... is a species of conifer in the pine family, Pinaceae. It is endemic to Mexico, where it is known only from ... Abies hidalgensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. Downloaded on 04 April 2015. Debreczy, Z. and Rácz ... I. (2003). A re-assessment of the new taxa of firs (Abies Mill.) reported from Mexico in 1995. Studia Bot Hung 34 81-110.. ...
*  Abies cephalonica
... or Greek fir is a fir native to the mountains of Greece, primarily in the Peloponnesos and the island of ... Media related to Abies cephalonica at Wikimedia Commons Photos of trees in Peloponnesos, Greece (captions in Italian; "abete ... Gardner, M. & Knees, S. (2011). "Abies cephalonica". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2011: e.T38320A101026687. ... " = Greek Fir, "pino nero" = Black Pine) Photo of a cone Abies cephalonica. Distribution map, genetic conservation units and ...
*  Abies cilicica
... in Ehden cedar reserve, Lebanon Abies cillicica cones Abies cilicica, close-up Gardner, M. & Knees, S. (2013). " ... Abies cilicica, commonly known as Cilician fir or Taurus fir, is a species of conifer in the Pinaceae family. It is found in ... Abies cilicica and Cedrus libani, together with Acer hyrcanum subsp. Tauricolum and Sorbus torminalis subsp. Orientalis, are ... Abies cilicica. Distribution map, genetic conservation units and related resources. European Forest Genetic Resources Programme ...
*  Abies durangensis
"Plant Name Details for Abies durangensis". IPNI. Retrieved October 6, 2009. Christopher J. Earle (June 11, 2006). "Abies ... Abies durangensis is a species of conifer in the Pinaceae family. It was described botanically by Maximino Martínez in 1942 and ... is found only in Mexico (Durango, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Jalisco and Sinaloa). Farjon, A. (2013). "Abies durangensis". The IUCN ...
*  Abies balsamea
... or balsam fir is a North American fir, native to most of eastern and central Canada (Newfoundland west to ... Abies balsamea var. phanerolepis (bracted balsam fir or Canaan fir) - bracts subtending seed scales longer, visible on the ... "Abies balsamea". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 12 Oct 2016 - via The ... Hunt, Richard S. "Abies balsamea". Flora of North America (FNA). Missouri Botanical Garden. 2 - via eFloras.org. Gymnosperm ...
*  Abies amabilis
... , commonly known as the Pacific silver fir, is a fir native to the Pacific Northwest of North America, occurring ... Abies amabilis, The Gymnosperm Database. Accessed 31 July 2012. C.M. Hogan, 2008 Gymnosperm database, 2008 Flora of North ... Foliage bottom Foliage top Cone growth Farjon, A. (2013). "Abies amabilis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013 ... America, 2008 Trees portal Gymnosperm Database: Abies amabilis (2011) C.Michael Hogan (2008) Aesculus californica, ...
*  Abies chensiensis
... , the Shensi fir, is a fir native to Gansu, Hubei, Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan in China and Arunachal Pradesh in ... "Abies chensiensis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2011: e.T42274A10675568. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-2.RLTS. ...
*  Abies recurvata
... is a species of conifer in the Pinaceae family. It is found only in China. Abies recurvata is a distinct fir ... Media related to Abies recurvata at Wikimedia Commons Conifer Specialist Group 1998. Abies recurvata. 2006 IUCN Red List of ... Abies recurvata is a small to medium-sized tree mostly with conical crown, occasionally reaching a height of 40 m, and a trunk ... Abies recurvata has 4-8 centimetres (1.6-3.1 in) long ovoid or cylindrical-ovoid, gray- or purplish blue cones; the bracts are ...
*  Abies bornmuelleriana
Abies nordmanniana) and Grecian fir (Abies cephalonica). Its native range is limited to northern Turkey, near the Black Sea ... Abies bornmuelleriana, the Turkish fir is a rare, coniferous evergreen tree, most likely a natural hybrid between Caucasian fir ... Warren, R.; Johnson, E.W. A Guide to the Firs (Abies spp.) of the Arnold Arboretum (PDF). Retrieved 18 October 2016. Alizoti, P ... Abies bornmuelleriana. Distribution map, genetic conservation units and related resources. European Forest Genetic Resources ...
Category:Abies - Wikimedia Commons  Category:Abies - Wikimedia Commons
Vernacular names [edit wikidata 'Category:Abies' linked to current category] [edit wikidata 'Abies' main topic of 'Category: ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Abies&oldid=299312198" ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Abies
Abies alba  Abies alba
1182 Abies alba. Common Names: silver fir, European silver fir Family: Pinaceae (pine Family) ... See Floridata's profile on white fir (Abies concolor) for more on how the firs fit in with other members of the pine family, ... Silver fir differs from the North American white fir (Abies concolor) in having needles less than 1.25 in (30 mm) in length as ... Today Norway spruce (Picea abies) and other species are more commonly available during the holidays. This, no doubt, because ...
more infohttps://floridata.com/Plants/Pinaceae/Abies%20alba/1182
Abies koreana (Korean Fir)  Abies koreana (Korean Fir)
Abies koreana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T31244A9618913. . Downloaded on 12 December 2017.. ...
more infohttp://www.iucnredlist.org/details/links/31244/0
Abies ziyuanensis (Ziyuan Fir)  Abies ziyuanensis (Ziyuan Fir)
Abies ziyuanensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T32320A9696874. . Downloaded on 20 February 2018.. ... Abies ziyuanensis is a rare fir occurring on the highest mountains in Guangxi and on the border with Hunan, in a narrow belt ... Abies ziyuanensis occurs, together with other conifers, scattered in a mixed forest dominated by deciduous broad-leaved trees. ... 1980), this species is closely related to Abies beshanzuensis M.H.Wu, another novelty described around that time. Farjon and ...
more infohttp://www.iucnredlist.org/details/summary/32320/0
Abies Canadensis  Abies Canadensis
Homeopathic Abies Canadensis indications, uses & symptoms from 12 materia medicas, linked and cross referenced. Available 2C- ... Abies Canadensis Pinus Canadensis, Hemlock Spruce, Abies Can. Available in 2C-30C, 200C, 3X-30X, 200X from $6.50. Purchase ... Abies Canadensis most popular Potencies. 6C. 9C. 30C. 200C. Below are the main rubriks (i.e strongest indications or symptoms) ... Mucous membranes are affected by Abies Canadensis. and gastric symptoms are most marked, and a catarrhal condition of the ...
more infohttps://abchomeopathy.com/r.php/Abies-c
Keyword: Abies concolor | Rocky Mountain Research Station  Keyword: Abies concolor | Rocky Mountain Research Station
Abies concolor [Gord. and Glendl.] Lindl. (white fir) is an important species over much of this area, yet little information is ... Abies concolor growth responses to vegetation changes following shrub removal, northern Sierra Nevada, California. Publications ... Site index curves for white fir (Abies concolor) in Arizona, New Mexico, and southwestern Colorado were developed using height- ...
more infohttps://www.fs.fed.us/rmrs/keywords/abies-concolor
Abies nebrodensis
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  European Environment Agency  Abies nebrodensis - European Environment Agency
Abies nebrodensis This website has limited functionality with javascript off. Please make sure javascript is enabled in your ... For references, please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/help/glossary/european-species-listed-under-article/abies-nebrodensis or ...
more infohttps://www.eea.europa.eu/help/glossary/european-species-listed-under-article/abies-nebrodensis?utm_source=EEASubscriptions&utm_medium=RSSFeeds&utm_campaign=Generic
Abies guatemalensis - Wikispecies  Abies guatemalensis - Wikispecies
Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Abies_guatemalensis&oldid=2341515" ...
more infohttps://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Abies_guatemalensis
Abies pindrow - Wikispecies  Abies pindrow - Wikispecies
Genus: Abies. Sectio: A. sect. Momi Species: Abies pindrow Varietates: A. p. var. brevifolia ... Abies pindrow (D.Don) Royle References[edit]. *Illustrations of the Botany ... of the Himalayan Mountains ... 1 (10): 350 (1839 ... Abies pindrow in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published ... Abies pindrow in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 12. ...
more infohttps://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Abies_pindrow
Biomass of Picea abies  Biomass of Picea abies
... Mathias Tobler bagi at stars.ch Tue Jun 16 10:56:35 EST 1998 *Previous message: Nonwood Forest Products ... I could find the information for Picea engelmanii but not for Picea abies. Thanks in advance Mathias Tobler *Previous message: ... I am working on a small project on sustainable use of the Norway spruce (Picea abies=Picea excelsa) for the production of ...
more infohttp://www.bio.net/bionet/mm/ag-forst/1998-June/010230.html
Picea abies - Wikipedia  Picea abies - Wikipedia
"RHS Plantfinder - Picea abies 'Inversa'". Retrieved 25 April 2018.. *^ "RHS Plantfinder - Picea abies 'Little Gem'". Retrieved ... "RHS Plantfinder - Picea abies 'Acrocona'". Retrieved 25 April 2018.. *^ "RHS Plantfinder - Picea abies 'Clanbrassiliana'". ... Picea abies (L.) H. Karst is the accepted name of this species. More than 150 synonyms of Picea abies have been published.[39] ... Picea abies, the Norway spruce[3] or European spruce,[citation needed] is a species of spruce native to Northern, Central and ...
more infohttps://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norway_spruce
Abies guatemalensis Rehder
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Encyclopedia of Life  Abies guatemalensis Rehder - Encyclopedia of Life
Abies guatemalensis is a species of plant in the family pines. It is listed as endangered by IUCN. It is a photoautotroph. ... Life » Cellular » Eukaryotes » Plants » Chloroplastida » Spermatophytes » Gymnosperms » Pinidae » Pinales » Pines » Abies «. ...
more infohttps://eol.org/pages/1061765
Blogger: User Profile:  aby  Blogger: User Profile: aby
Blogger is a free blog publishing tool from Google for easily sharing your thoughts with the world. Blogger makes it simple to post text, photos and video onto your personal or team blog.
more infohttps://www.blogger.com/profile/13078988084225680789
Abies recurvata  PFAF Plant Database  Abies recurvata PFAF Plant Database
Abies recurvata is an evergreen Tree growing to 35 m (114ft 10in) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost ... Abies fraseri. She Balsam, Fraser fir, Southern Balsam Fir. 1. 3. Abies grandis. Grand Fir, Giant Fir, Lowland White Fir. 2. 2 ... Abies recurvata is an evergreen Tree growing to 35 m (114ft 10in) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost ... Abies alba. Silver Fir, Christmas Tree Fir, European Silver Fir, Silver. 2. 3. ...
more infohttps://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Abies+recurvata
Abies recurvata  PFAF Plant Database  Abies recurvata PFAF Plant Database
Abies recurvata is an evergreen Tree growing to 35 m (114ft 10in) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost ... Abies fraseri. She Balsam, Fraser fir, Southern Balsam Fir. 1. 3. Abies grandis. Grand Fir, Giant Fir, Lowland White Fir. 2. 2 ... Abies recurvata is an evergreen Tree growing to 35 m (114ft 10in) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost ... Abies alba. Silver Fir, Christmas Tree Fir, European Silver Fir, Silver. 2. 3. ...
more infohttps://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Abies+recurvata
Abies lasiocarpa, leaf - entire needle image  Abies lasiocarpa, leaf - entire needle image
... identification and distribution of Abies lasiocarpa, leaf - entire needle image ... Abies lasiocarpa, leaf - entire needle. click on image to enlarge. © Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 Email full-size image ... IM/I_SB/0412/320/Abies_lasiocarpa,_leaf_-_entire_needle,I_SB41204.jpg. width=320 x height=214 pixels; size=57393 bytes Discover ...
more infohttp://www.discoverlife.org/mp/20p?see=I_SB41204
Helios Homeopathy - Picea abies  Helios Homeopathy - Picea abies
Picea abies, the Norway spruce, is a species of spruce native to Northern, Central and Eastern Europe. It has branchlets that ...
more infohttps://www.helios.co.uk/shop/picea-abies
Abies koreana
( Korean Fir )  Abies koreana ( Korean Fir )
Abies koreana is a slow growing, conical shaped tree with shiny, dark green leaves with 2 whitish bands underneath. The cones ... Abies koreana is a slow growing, conical shaped tree with shiny, dark green leaves with 2 whitish bands underneath. The cones ...
more infohttps://www.backyardgardener.com/plantname/abies-koreana-korean-fir/
Sacred Fir - Abies religiosa - Overview - Encyclopedia of Life  Sacred Fir - Abies religiosa - Overview - Encyclopedia of Life
Leo Shapiro set "Abies religiosa (Kunth) Schltdl. & Cham." as an exemplar on "Abies religiosa (Kunth) Schltdl. & Cham.". ... Michаel Frаnkis marked "File:Abies religiosa Chincua 6.jpg" as trusted on the "Abies religiosa (Kunth) Schltdl. & Cham." page. ... Michаel Frаnkis marked "Abies religiosa (Kunth) Schltdl. & Cham." as trusted on the "Abies religiosa" page. ... Abies religiosa is a high mountain species, occurring between 1,200 m and 4,100 m a.s.l., but more commonly between 2100 m and ...
more infohttp://eol.org/pages/1033062/overview
Norway Spruce (Picea abies)  Norway Spruce (Picea abies)
Picea abies. Pine family (Pinaceae). Description: This coniferous tree is 50-120' tall, forming an unbranched straight bole and ... Spruces resemble firs (Abies spp.), but their mature seed cones hang downward from their branches. In contrast, the mature seed ...
more infohttp://illinoiswildflowers.info/trees/plants/nor_spruce.html
Abies Nigra  Abies Nigra
... For enhancing immune function, increasing energy, relieving fever. Ailments include discomfort from swollen ...
more infohttps://seacoast.com/Abies-Nigra
Picea abies  - Plant Finder  Picea abies - Plant Finder
Picea abies, commonly called Norway spruce, is a large pyramidal evergreen conifer that is native to the mountains of northern ...
more infohttps://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?taxonid=284987&isprofile=0&pt=9&tt=1
Abies lasiocarpa, twig - showing attachment of needles image  Abies lasiocarpa, twig - showing attachment of needles image
... identification and distribution of Abies lasiocarpa, twig - showing attachment of needles image ... Abies lasiocarpa, twig - showing attachment of needles. click on image to enlarge. © Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 Email ... IM/I_SB/0412/320/Abies_lasiocarpa,_twig_-_showing_attachment_of_needles,I_SB41203.jpg. width=320 x height=214 pixels; size= ...
more infohttp://www.discoverlife.org/mp/20p?see=I_SB41203
Abies lasiocarpa ( Alpine Fir ) | Backyard Gardener  Abies lasiocarpa ( Alpine Fir ) | Backyard Gardener
Abies lasiocarpa or Rocky Mountain Fir, is a very large evergreen, reaching 100 to 160 feet tall, with a typical spire form. ... Abies lasiocarpa or Rocky Mountain Fir, is a very large evergreen, reaching 100 to 160 feet tall, with a typical spire form. ...
more infohttps://www.backyardgardener.com/plantname/abies-lasiocarpa-alpine-fir/
Abies marocana | Conifers  Abies marocana | Conifers
Root Stock: grafted onto Abies frazeri. Comments: A tall and narrow drought-resistant tree with very stiff blue-green needles ...
more infohttp://www.bloomriver.com/home/br2/page_19_7/abies_marocana.html
  • 2009) of the Central American Abies species suggests that A. guatemalensis should be a synonym of A. religiosa subsp. (iucnredlist.org)
  • There has been a marked decrease in the population of Abies guatemalensis, particularly in Guatemala where most of the population occurs. (iucnredlist.org)
  • Up until the 19th century Abies guatemalensis was still plentiful in the western highlands of Guatemala and locally widespread in the 1940s, however, by the late 1950s most stands had been heavily exploited except for a small number of sites on national lands where cutting is prohibited (Standley and Steyermark 1958). (iucnredlist.org)
  • A. guatemalensis is usually associated with several highland conifers, such as Abies religiosa, Cupressus lusitanica, Pinus ayacahuite , P. hartwegii, P. michoacana, P. montezumae and P. pseudostrobus. (iucnredlist.org)
  • Abies guatemalensis is a species of plant in the family pines . (eol.org)
  • Abies kawakamii is exclusively native to the island of Taiwan, and is one of the southernmost true firs (together with A. fansipanensis, native to Vietnam, and A. guatemalensis, from Mexico and Guatemala). (wikipedia.org)
  • Abies guatemalensis or the Guatemalan fir is an evergreen tree native to Central America and is the southernmost member of the genus Abies being spread to the south lower than 14° N. Its range is from southern (less from western and central) Mexico in the north to Honduras and El Salvador in the south. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abies grandis (grand fir, giant fir, lowland white fir, great silver fir, western white fir, Vancouver fir, or Oregon fir) is a fir native to the Pacific Northwest and Northern California of North America, occurring at altitudes of sea level to 1,800 m. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abies grandis is a large evergreen coniferous tree growing to 40-70 m (exceptionally 100 m) tall and with a trunk diameter of up to 2 m. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are two varieties, probably better treated at subspecies rank though not yet formally published as such: Abies grandis var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also called the Himalayan alpine fir, Abies densa is a dominant conifer in the upper coniferous belt of the central and eastern Himalayas from Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, and adjacent Tibet to Burma (Myanmar) in altitudes between 2800 and 3700 m. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abies sibirica, the Siberian fir, is a coniferous evergreen tree native to the taiga east of the Volga River and north of 67°40' North latitude in Siberia through Turkestan, northeast Xinjiang, Mongolia and Heilongjiang. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abies recurvata - Mast. (pfaf.org)
  • Abies recurvata is an evergreen Tree growing to 35 m (114ft 10in) at a medium rate. (pfaf.org)
  • Abies recurvata is a distinct fir species usually recognized by the needles on its leaders mostly recurved or reflexed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abies recurvata is a small to medium-sized tree mostly with conical crown, occasionally reaching a height of 40 m, and a trunk diameter of 0.8 metres (2 ft 7 in). (wikipedia.org)
  • Abies holophylla, also called needle fir or Manchurian fir, is a species of fir native to mountainous regions of northern Korea, southern Ussuriland, and China in the provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin, and Liaoning. (wikipedia.org)
  • For references , please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/help/glossary/european-species-listed-under-article/abies-nebrodensis or scan the QR code. (europa.eu)
  • Abies nebrodensis, the Sicilian fir, is a fir native to the Nebrodi and Madonie mountains in northern Sicily. (wikipedia.org)
  • A. ziyuanensis is related to Abies beshanzuensis, another threatened fir endemic to China. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abies ziyuanensis occurs, together with other conifers, scattered in a mixed forest dominated by deciduous broad-leaved trees. (iucnredlist.org)
  • Conifers Around the World: Abies densa - Himalayan Alpine Fir. (wikipedia.org)
  • n. 75) Conifers Around the World: Abies cilicica - Cilician Fir. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abies numidica is a medium-sized to large evergreen tree growing to 20-35 meters tall, with a trunk up to 1 meter diameter. (wikipedia.org)
  • Algerian fir, Abies numidica, is occasionally grown as an ornamental tree in parks and larger gardens. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2009 at Berenice Troglodytica, the Egypto-Roman port on the Red Sea, archaeologists found: "two blocks of resin from the Syrian fir tree (Abies cilicica), one weighing about 190 g and the other about 339 g, recovered from 1st-century AD contexts in one of the harbor trenches. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abies bracteata, the bristlecone fir or Santa Lucia fir, is a rare fir, confined to slopes and the bottoms of rocky canyons in the Santa Lucia Mountains on the central coast of California, United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abies ziyuanensis is a rare fir occurring on the highest mountains in Guangxi and on the border with Hunan, in a narrow belt between 1,650 m and 1,750 m asl. (iucnredlist.org)