A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. Balm of Gilead is a common name more often referring to POPULUS and sometimes to COMMIPHORA.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen, pyramidal trees with whorled branches and thin, scaly bark. Each of the linear, spirally arranged leaves is jointed near the stem on a separate woody base.
Gymnosperms are a group of vascular plants whose seeds are not enclosed by a ripened ovary (fruit), in contrast to ANGIOSPERMS whose seeds are surrounded by an ovary wall. The seeds of many gymnosperms (literally, "naked seed") are borne in cones and are not visible. Taxonomists now recognize four distinct divisions of extant gymnospermous plants (CONIFEROPHYTA; CYCADOPHYTA; GINKGOPHYTA; and GNETOPHYTA).
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
A plant division of GYMNOSPERMS consisting of cone-bearing trees and shrubs.
The process of embryo initiation in culture from vegetative, non-gametic, sporophytic, or somatic plant cells.
Metabolite of ASCORBIC ACID and the oxidized form of the lactone DEHYDROASCORBIC ACID.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen trees mainly in temperate climates.
Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.
A group of DITERPENES cyclized into 3-ring PHENANTHRENES.
A class of compounds composed of repeating 5-carbon units of HEMITERPENES.
A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE. Members contain cernuosides and other oleanane and hederagenin saponins.
A plant family of the order THEALES, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida, best known for CAMELLIA SINENSIS, which is the source of Oriental TEA.
The saxifrage plant family of the order ROSALES, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. The leaves are alternate and sometimes deeply lobed or form rosettes. The flowers have both male and female parts and 4 or 5 sepals and petals; they are usually in branched clusters. The fruit is a capsule with many seeds.
A plant genus in the family BERBERIDACEAE. The common names of Barberry or Oregon Grape are also used for MAHONIA. The similar-named Bayberry is the unrelated MYRICA. Oregon Grape was classified by Pursh as a Berberis but Nuttall claimed it is different enough to call it a new genus, MAHONIA. Botanists insist on this name while horticulturists stay with Mahonia. They are shrubs with yellow wood and usually three-branched spines at the base of leafstalks. Flowers are yellow, six-petaled and fruit is a berry with one to several seeds. Members contain BERBERINE.
Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.
Systematic identification, development, organization, or utilization of educational resources and the management of these processes. It is occasionally used also in a more limited sense to describe the use of equipment-oriented techniques or audiovisual aids in educational settings. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, December 1993, p132)
The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.
Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.
Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)
All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.
A plant genus of the family CUPRESSACEAE which should not be confused with other cedar and cypress trees of THUJA or CUPRESSUS genera.
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
Board members of an institution or organization who are entrusted with the administering of funds and the directing of policy.
Aid for consistent recording of data such as tasks completed and observations noted.
Global conflict involving countries of Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America that occurred between 1939 and 1945.
Resinous substances which most commonly originate from trees. In addition to resins, they contain oils, cinnamic acid and BENZOIC ACID.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A plant genus of the family CYPERACEAE. The seed contains oligostilbenes (STILBENES).
A plant family of the order ZINGIBERALES, subclass Zingiberidae, class Liliopsida best known for banana (MUSA). The slender false trunk, formed by leaf sheaths of the spirally arranged leaves, may rise to 15 meters (50 feet). There is a crown of large leaves at the top.
Environments or habitats at the interface between truly terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them different from each yet highly dependent on both. Adaptations to low soil oxygen characterize many wetland species.
Sharp instruments used for puncturing or suturing.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.
Travel beyond the earth's atmosphere.
Condition in which no acceleration, whether due to gravity or any other force, can be detected by an observer within a system. It also means the absence of weight or the absence of the force of gravity acting on a body. Microgravity, gravitational force between 0 and 10 -6 g, is included here. (From NASA Thesaurus, 1988)
That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)
A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)
Design, development, manufacture, and operation of heavier-than-air AIRCRAFT.
Reductions in all or any portion of the costs of providing goods or services. Savings may be incurred by the provider or the consumer.

Pervasive influence of large-scale climate in the dynamics of a terrestrial vertebrate community. (1/51)

BACKGROUND: Large-scale climatic variability has been implicated in the population dynamics of many vertebrates throughout the Northern Hemisphere, but has not been demonstrated to directly influence dynamics at multiple trophic levels of any single system. Using data from Isle Royale, USA, comprising time series on the long-term dynamics at three trophic levels (wolves, moose, and balsam fir), we analyzed the relative contributions of density dependence, inter-specific interactions, and climate to the dynamics of each level of the community. RESULTS: Despite differences in dynamic complexity among the predator, herbivore, and vegetation levels, large-scale climatic variability influenced dynamics directly at all three levels. The strength of the climatic influence on dynamics was, however, strongest at the top and bottom trophic levels, where density dependence was weakest. CONCLUSIONS: Because of the conflicting influences of environmental variability and intrinsic processes on population stability, a direct influence of climate on the dynamics at all three levels suggests that climate change may alter stability of this community. Theoretical considerations suggest that if it does, such alteration is most likely to result from changes in stability at the top or bottom trophic levels, where the influence of climate was strongest.  (+info)

Wind-dispersed pollen mediates postglacial gene flow among refugia. (2/51)

A long-term genetic legacy of refugial isolation has been postulated and was demonstrated for maternal refugial lineages for numerous plant and animal species. The lineages were assumed to have remained separated from each other for several glacial periods. The conifer Abies alba Miller, silver fir, is an excellent model to test whether pollen-mediated gene flow may eliminate the genetic imprints of Pleistocene refugial isolation. Two DNA markers with contrasting modes of inheritance were applied to 100 populations covering the entire range of silver fir in Europe. The markers exhibited each two highly conserved alleles based on an insertion/deletion of 80 bp in the fourth intron of the mitochondrial nad5 gene and on a synonymous substitution in the chloroplast psbC gene. The geographical distribution of the maternally inherited mitochondrial variation supported the existence of at least two refugia with two recolonizing maternal lineages remaining largely separated throughout the range. The cline of the nad5 allele frequencies was much steeper than the one of the two psbC alleles. The psbC cline was as wide as the whole range of the species. Our results provide striking evidence that even a species with very long generation times and heavy pollen grains was able to establish a highly efficient pollen-mediated gene flow between refugia. Therefore we postulate that an exchange of genetic information between refugia by range-wide paternal introgression is possible in wind-pollinated plant species.  (+info)

Seasonal and perennial changes in the distribution of water in the sapwood of conifers in a sub-frigid zone. (3/51)

An analysis was made of progressive changes in patterns of cavitation in the sapwood of three species of conifer (Larix kaempferi, Abies sachalinensis, and Picea jezoensis) that were growing in a sub-frigid zone. In all three conifers, all tracheids of the newly forming outermost annual ring were filled with water or cytoplasm during the period from May to August. However, many tracheids in the transition zone from earlywood to latewood lost water in September, presumably through drought-induced cavitation. Cavitated tracheids tended to be continuously distributed in a tangential direction. Subsequently, some earlywood tracheids of the outermost annual ring lost water during the period from January to March. This was associated with freeze-thaw cycles. In the second and third annual rings from the cambium of all three conifers, the lumina of most tracheids in the transition zone from earlywood to latewood contained no water. In contrast, some latewood tracheids near the annual ring boundary and many earlywood tracheids retained water in their lumina. The third annual ring had more cavitated tracheids than the second annual ring. Our observations indicated that cavitation progressed gradually in the tracheids of the conifers and that they were never refilled once cavitation had occurred. The region involved in water transport in conifers did not include the entire sapwood and differed among annual rings.  (+info)

Modeling current and future potential wintering distributions of eastern North American monarch butterflies. (4/51)

Monarch butterflies overwinter in restricted areas in montane oyamel fir forests in central Mexico with specific microclimates that allow the butterflies to survive for up to 5 months. We use ecological niche modeling (ENM) to identify areas adequate for overwintering monarch colonies under both current and future climate scenarios. The ENM approach permits testing and validation of model predictivity, and yields quantitative, testable predictions regarding likely future climate change effects. Our models predicted monarch presence with a high degree of accuracy, and indicated that precipitation and diurnal temperature range were key environmental factors in making locations suitable for monarchs. When we projected monarch distribution onto future climate scenarios (Hadley Centre climate models), we found that conditions were likely to be inadequate across the entire current winter range, particularly owing to increased cool-weather precipitation that could cause increased mortality. This study applies ENM to understanding the seasonal dynamics of a migratory species under climate change, and uses ENM to identify key limiting environmental parameters in species' responses to climate change.  (+info)

The influence of top-down, bottom-up and abiotic factors on the moose (Alces alces) population of Isle Royale. (5/51)

Long-term, concurrent measurement of population dynamics and associated top-down and bottom-up processes are rare for unmanipulated, terrestrial systems. Here, we analyse populations of moose, their predators (wolves, Canis lupus), their primary winter forage (balsam fir, Abies balsamea) and several climatic variables that were monitored for 40 consecutive years in Isle Royale National Park (544 km2), Lake Superior, USA. We judged the relative importance of top-down, bottom-up and abiotic factors on moose population growth rate by constructing multiple linear regression models, and calculating the proportion of interannual variation in moose population growth rate explained by each factor. Our analysis indicates that more variation in population growth rate is explained by bottom-up than top-down processes, and abiotic factors explain more variation than do bottom-up processes. Surprisingly, winter precipitation did not explain any significant variation in population growth rate. Like that detected for two Norwegian ungulate populations, the relationship between population growth rate and the North Atlantic Oscillation was nonlinear. Although this analysis provides significant insight, much remains unknown: of the models examined, the most parsimonious explain little more than half the variation in moose population growth rate.  (+info)

Respiratory symptoms and peak expiratory flow rates among furniture-decoration students. (6/51)

This study was designed to evaluate the effects of furniture production, mainly including fir tree (aberia mulleriana), on respiratory health of young workers and to compare the results with those obtained from previous studies. Sixty-four furniture-decoration students (57 males and 7 females) and 62 controls (54 male, 8 female) from different departments in the same school were included into the study. All participants were assessed with a questionnaire (concerning history of occupational exposure, work-related respiratory and other symptoms, smoking history, previous asthma history), full physical examination, spirometric evaluation and chest radiograph. Participants then performed serial monitoring of peak expiratory flow rates (PEFR) at work and away from work within a month. Mean age of students was 20.9 +/- 3.7 years, 20.5 +/- 2.6 years in controls. There was no difference between study and control groups with regard to age, gender, smoking status and previous asthma history. Reported cough (23.4 % vs. 8.1 %) and shortness of breath (18.8 % vs. 6.5 %) were significantly higher in furniture-decoration students than in controls (p = 0.016 and p = 0.034, respectively). Furniture-decoration students had higher conjunctivitis (34.4 % vs. 9.7 %, p = 0.001) and rhinitis (34.4 % vs. 19.4 %, p = 0.044) history when compared with controls. Both students and controls were normal in terms of respiratory examination. PEF recordings were performed for approximately one month. Diurnal variability greater than 20 % was seen in 12/64 (18.7 %) of students at work, whereas it was detected in 4/62 (6.4 %) of controls (p = 0.034). When comparing for the presence of diurnal variability greater than 20 % in weekends, no difference was found between groups (p = 0.457). In conclusion, early detection of work-related respiratory changes by serial monitoring of peak expiratory flows should save the workers from hazardous respiratory effects of the furniture production, especially in young population.  (+info)

Differentiation of terminal latewood tracheids in silver fir trees during autumn. (7/51)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The differentiation of terminal latewood tracheids of silver fir (Abies alba) trees grown in Slovenia was investigated in autumn/winter 2001/2002. METHODS: The experimental trees were divided into three groups: one with narrow annual rings, width less than 1 mm; one with annual ring widths between 1 and 4 mm; and one group with broad rings larger than 4 mm. The differentiation of terminal latewood tracheids was investigated by light-, electron- and UV-microscopy in tissues sampled in October and November 2001 and March 2002. KEY RESULTS: In the middle of October, cambial divisions did not occur any more in any of the trees. In trees with narrow annual rings, cell wall deposition as well as lignification were completed in terminal latewood tracheids at this date, whereas in trees with annual ring widths of more than 1 mm these processes still continued. Electron microscopy as well as UV microscopy revealed an unlignified inner S(2) layer and the absence of S(3) and warty layers. With increasing distance from the cambium, wall formation and lignification gradually appeared to be completed. Samples of all trees taken in the middle of November only contained differentiated terminal latewood tracheids. At the structural and lignin topochemical level, November and March samples showed completed differentiation of walls of terminal latewood tracheids. CONCLUSIONS: In trees with broader annual rings, the final steps of differentiation of the youngest latewood tracheids near the cambium still continued during autumn, but were finished prior to winter. It was concluded from structural observations that duration of cambial activity is longer in trees with broad annual rings than in trees with narrow rings.  (+info)

Unexpectedly high bacterial diversity in arctic tundra relative to boreal forest soils, revealed by serial analysis of ribosomal sequence tags. (8/51)

Arctic tundra and boreal forest soils have globally relevant functions that affect atmospheric chemistry and climate, yet the bacterial composition and diversity of these soils have received little study. Serial analysis of ribosomal sequence tags (SARST) and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) were used to compare composite soil samples taken from boreal and arctic biomes. This study comprises an extensive comparison of geographically distant soil bacterial communities, involving the analysis of 12,850 ribosomal sequence tags from six composite soil samples. Bacterial diversity estimates were greater for undisturbed arctic tundra soil samples than for boreal forest soil samples, with the highest diversity associated with a sample from an extreme northern location (82(o)N). The lowest diversity estimate was obtained from an arctic soil sample that was disturbed by compaction and sampled from a greater depth. Since samples from the two biomes did not form distinct clusters on the basis of SARST data and DGGE fingerprints, factors other than latitude likely influenced the phylogenetic compositions of these communities. The high number of ribosomal sequences analyzed enabled the identification of possible cosmopolitan and endemic bacterial distributions in particular soils.  (+info)

Synonyms for Abies alba in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Abies alba. 2 synonyms for Abies alba: European silver fir, Christmas tree. What are synonyms for Abies alba?
The Canadian Forest Service promotes the sustainable development of Canadas forests and the competitiveness of the Canadian forest sector
BGCI. 2013. Botanic Gardens Conservation International: Plant Search. Available at: http://www.bgci.org/plant_search.php. Ellenberg, H. 1988. Vegetation Ecology of Central Europe. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.. EUNIS. 2014. Biodiversity Database. Available at: http://eunis.eea.europa.eu/. (Accessed: 2014).. Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the Worlds Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.. Farjon, A. and Filer, D. 2013. An Atlas of the Worlds Conifers. Brill, Leiden/Boston.. Feurdean, A. and Willis, K.J. 2008. Long-term variability of Abies alba in NW Romania: implications for its conservation management. Diversity and Distributions 14: 1004-1017.. IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-2. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 14 September 2017).. Mauri, A., de Rigo, D. and Caudullo, G. 2016. Abies alba in Europe: distribution, habitat, usage and threats. In: San-Miguel-Ayanz,J., de Rigo, D., Caudullo, G., Houston Durrant, T. and Mauri, A. (eds), ...
Novel A-seco-rearranged lanostane triterpenoids from Abies sachalinensis.: From the needles of Abies sachalinensis, novel rearranged lanostane type triterpenes,
Genestra Phyto-Gen Silver Fir Young Shoot - Genestra Silver Fir Young Shoot is a herbal Phyto-Gen formula with silver fir extract. Phytoembryoth
Abies koreana Golden Selection - This seed has been collected from an as of yet unnamed selection in VanDusens collection. Growth of the parent tree appears to be limited, dense and bushy. The cones develop a deep grey-violet colour and mature to dark brown in the late fall. Typical of Abies species, the cones disintegrate to distribute the seed in the early winter. A superb candidate for bonsai. Seed supply is very limited.
Zeiraphera rufimitrana, the red-headed fir tortricid, is a moth of the Tortricidae family. It is found from central Europe to eastern Russia, Mongolia, the Korean Peninsula, China (Jilin, Heilongjiang) and Japan. It was first recorded from the Netherlands by Kuchlein and Naves in 1999. The wingspan is 12-16 mm. Adults are on wing from the end of June to August. The larvae of ssp. truncata feed on Abies sachalinensis. Larvae of the nominate subspecies feed on Abies alba, Abies cephalonica, Abies balsamea, Pinus pinea and Picea excelsa. The larvae feed in buds and on new needles. The infested crowns may stain reddish. Zeiraphera rufimitrana rufimitrana Zeiraphera rufimitrana truncata Oku, 1968 (Japan) tortricidae.com Catalogue of Eucosmini from China (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Eurasian ...
Korean fir (Abies koreana E.H. Wilson), which is a Korean endemic species that has been designated as an endangered species by the International Union..
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Abies koreana - A conifer with a truly elegant form, the Korean Fir has much to recommend it. The deep green needles, silver-white underneath, are evenly spaced on the branches, giving the tree a remarkably tidy appearance. The cones, which sit bolt upright on the branches, are one of this trees most attractive features.
Abies koreana is a slow growing, conical shaped tree with shiny, dark green leaves with 2 whitish bands underneath. The cones are blue-violet before maturity.
Kim, Y.-S., Chang, C.-S., Kim, C.-S. & Gardner, M. 2011. Abies koreana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011. IUCN Red List Category: Endangered. DOI: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-2.RLTS.T31244A9618913.en ...
The effectiveness of forest resources depends on the comprehensiveness and rationality of their consumption and processing into finished products. This article discusses the problem of using solid fir wood greenery residues generated during the industrial production of essential oils. Bioconversion is considered to be the most promising use. The objective of this research was to study the chemical composition of bioconversion products of fir wood greenery-based substrates. The PP-3.2 strain of Pleurotus pulmonarius (Fr.) Quél was used as a biodestructor. In the process of bioconversion, the contents of polysaccharides and lignin substances is reduced to 38% and 28%, respectively. Up to 20% of protein accumulates in bioconversion products of fir wood greenery. The amount of nucleic acids is not more than 1.5 g per kg; the contents of heavy metals, such as mercury, cadmium, arsenic, and lead, do not exceed the maximum permissible concentration standards. The substrate weight loss reaches 15%. When fallen
Definition of abies amabilis in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of abies amabilis. What does abies amabilis mean? Information and translations of abies amabilis in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.
Juvabione, historically known as the paper factor, is the methyl ester of todomatuic acid, both of which are sesquiterpenes (C15) found in the wood of true firs of the genus Abies. They occur naturally as part of a mixture of sesquiterpenes based upon the bisabolane scaffold. Sesquiterpenes of this family are known as insect juvenile hormone analogues (IJHA) because of their ability to mimic juvenile activity in order to stifle insect reproduction and growth. These compounds play important roles in conifers as the second line of defense against insect induced trauma and fungal pathogens. In 1965, Karel Sláma and Carroll Williams made a surprising discovery: paper towels made from the wood of the balsam fir (Abies balsamea, Fig. 1) released vapors that elicited a potent effect on hemipteran bugs of the Pyrrhocoridae family. They named this substance the paper factor. It was thought to contain a mixture of JH-mimicking sesquiterpenes, but it wasnt until 1966 that (+)-juvabione was first ...
It all happened so fast-the unexpected capture, inspection, relocation. Then the cage door swung open. You caught the first glimpse of a land unknown. Curiously, you exited the cage and stepped further into a wilderness. Becoming familiar with this land filled with places to venture helped you eventually call it home. You had no idea that your arrival was vital to restoring predator-prey relationships on Isle Royale. Between fall 2018 and fall 2019, nineteen gray wolves experienced similar first steps on the island ...
The ability of the bark of willow (Salix spp.) to relieve the suffering of pain and fever has been known for at least 2 000 years. The active ingredient in willow bark is salicin, a glucoside that is converted to salicylic acid in the body. Salicylic acid is a component of acetylsalicylic acid, the active ingredient in aspirin, one of the most widely used medicines in the world (see textbox). Today aspirin is produced from synthetic materials [Lust, 1990].[31]. The bark of the North American paper birch (Betula papyrifera) (Figure 6.5) is impervious to water and was used by indigenous tribes in the construction of small, narrow boats known as canoes. Canoes were constructed from large sheets of bark tied together with root fibres of white spruce (Picea glauca) and smeared with the resin of balsam fir (Abies balsamea) [Hora, 1981]. Containers made from the bark of paper birch were also used as containers for collecting sap during the early days of maple sugaring (see Chapter 5).. Figure 6.5 The ...
A replicated study in balsam fir Abies balsamea stands in Quebec, Canada (Darveau et al. 1995) in 1989-92 found that 60 m-wide riparian forest buffer strips retained forest-dwelling breeding bird abundances and a species composition more similar to uncut areas than that of narrower strips. For one year before and three years following clearcutting, birds were surveyed in five buffer strips: 20 m-, 40 m-, 60 m-, and more than 300 m-wide (i.e. undisturbed control) strips, and a 20 m-wide thinned (33% of trees removed) strip. After initial increases in bird densities (30-70%) in all strips in the year after cutting, the 20 m- and 40 m-wide strips exhibited greatest decreases. Three years after cutting, forest species were less abundant (four songbirds becoming virtually absent) than habitat generalists in the 20 m strips (the thinned 20 m strip had densities around 20% less than the unthinned 20 m-wide strip). ...
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Wood of most firs is considered unsuitable for general timber use and is often used as pulp or for the manufacture of plywood and rough timber. Because this genus has no insect or decay resistance qualities after logging, it is generally recommended in construction purposes for indoor use only (e.g. indoor drywall on framing). Fir wood left outside cannot be expected to last more than 12 to 18 months, depending on the type of climate it is exposed to. Nordmann fir, noble fir, Fraser fir and balsam fir are popular Christmas trees, generally considered to be the best for this purpose, with aromatic foliage that does not shed many needles on drying out. Many are also decorative garden trees, notably Korean fir and Fraser fir, which produce brightly coloured cones even when very young, still only 1-2 m (3.3-6.6 ft) tall. Other firs can grow anywhere between 30 and 236 feet (9.1 and 71.9 m) tall. Fir Tree Appreciation Day is June 18. Abies religiosa-sacred fir, is the overwinter host for the monarch ...
Dense foliage in tiered, horizontal branches with blunt, dark green needles with silver underneath. This spherical growing plant is a semi-dwarf and likes
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Involved in defensive oleoresin formation in conifers in response to insect attack or other injury. Involved in diterpene (C20) olefins biosynthesis. Monofunctional enzyme lacking the DXDD motif in the class II active site relevant for the cyclization of geranylgeranyl diphosphate (GGPP). Requires (+)-copalyl diphosphate ((+)-CPP) as substrate, but no activity with GGPP or ent-CPP. Isopimaradiene is the major products of the enzyme followed by sandaracopimaradiene.
Silver Fir Essential Oil Profile includes uses, constituents, aromatic description, extraction method, latin name, safety info and references.
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You can control the relative volume of each track (wolf, moose, and climate) with the slider bars inside each spectrogram. Take a moment to focus on each track, one at a time.. A richer way to interact with this experience begins with a thought from neuroscientist, Seth Horowitz [1]:. You hear anywhere from 20 to 100 times faster than you see, so that everything that you perceive with your ears is coloring every other perception you have and every conscious thought you have. Sound gets in so fast that it modifies all other input and sets the stage for it.. Sound and music also have a powerful capacity to trigger our emotions - peace, anxiety, joy, fear, excitement, love - emotions that shape the quality of our lives [2]. Our emotional response to a sound is partly universal. People from different cultures and experiences tend to respond to particular sounds with similar emotions. Your emotional response to a sound is also personal - for any particular sound there is considerable variation in ...
Three test holes drilled at Windigo in Isle Royale National Park in 1981 indicate that the ophitic basaltic lava flows underlying the area contain little water and cannot be considered a source for public water supply. The holes were 135, 175, and 71 feet deep. One hole yielded about 1 gallon of water perminute; the other two yielded less. Glacial deposits seem to offer the best opportunity for developing a ground-water supply of 5 to 10 gallons per minute....
TRAVERSE CITY, Mich. The gray wolves in Isle Royale National Park in northern Michigan are increasingly threatened, scientists said this week, with...
Abies beshanzuensis. Espèce endémique à la Chine. Un timbre dune série de 4 illustrant des conifères rares de la Chine. Les autres sont tous illustrés ici sous leurs genres respectifs. Abies, le sapin, est représenté sur un timbre de lEspagne (A. pinsapo) et de la Mongolie (A. sibirica). Le timbre chinois ici reproduit est le plus beau des 3.. ...
Order Bjain Abies Nigra Dilution 30 CH:bottle of 100 ml Dilution online at best price in India. Know Bjain Abies Nigra Dilution 30 CH price, specifications, benefits and other information only on 1mg.com
Growth Habit: miniature bun USDA Zone: 5-8 Exposure: full sun Growing Conditions: well drained soils Comments: Narrowly spaced strongly-curled, gray-green needles showing silvery undersides. Growing at a rate of...
Functionality for data analysis and modelling of spatial data, mainly spatial point patterns, in the spatstat family of packages. (Excludes analysis of spatial data on a linear network, which is covered by the separate package spatstat.linnet.) Exploratory methods include quadrat counts, K-functions and their simulation envelopes, nearest neighbour distance and empty space statistics, Fry plots, pair correlation function, kernel smoothed intensity, relative risk estimation with cross-validated bandwidth selection, mark correlation functions, segregation indices, mark dependence diagnostics, and kernel estimates of covariate effects. Formal hypothesis tests of random pattern (chi-squared, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Monte Carlo, Diggle-Cressie-Loosmore-Ford, Dao-Genton, two-stage Monte Carlo) and tests for covariate effects (Cox-Berman-Waller-Lawson, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, ANOVA) are also supported. Parametric models can be fitted to point pattern data using the functions ppm(), kppm(), slrm(), dppm() similar
Forest health is a complex concept including many ecosystem functions, interactions and values. We develop a quantitative system applicable to many forest types to assess tree mortality with respect to stable forest structure and composition. We quantify impacts of observed tree mortality on structure by comparison to baseline mortality, and then develop a system that distinguishes between structurally stable and unstable forests. An empirical multivariate index of structural sustainability and a threshold value (70.6) derived from 22 nontropical tree species datasets differentiated structurally sustainable from unsustainable diameter distributions. Twelve of 22 species populations were sustainable with a mean score of 33.2 (median = 27.6). Ten species populations were unsustainable with a mean score of 142.6 (median = 130.1). Among them, Fagus grandifolia, Pinus lambertiana, P. ponderosa, and Nothofagus solandri were attributable to known disturbances; whereas the unsustainability of Abies balsamea,
La tordeuse des bourgeons de l pinette (TBE) (Choristoneura fumiferana) est le d foliateur le plus important du sapin baumier (Abies balsamea) et de l pinette blanche (Picea glauca). L pinette noire (P. mariana) est consid r e comme un h te de mauvaise qualit pour la TBE cause de sa ph nologie tardive et la haute concentration de compos s secondaire toxiques qui se trouvent dans son feuillage. Cependant, pour la premi re fois, l pinette noire subit des dommages significatifs dans une pid mie qui s vit actuellement sur la c te Nord menant des pertes en volume commercial. Nous posons l hypoth se qu un r chauffement climatique pourrait am liorer la synchronisation entre la TBE et l pinette noire en avan ant le d bourrement de cette essence. Ceci pourrait favoriser la performance de la TBE chez l pinette noire. Il est donc n cessaire de mieux comprendre les bases physiologiques de la relation TBE- pinette noire pour pouvoir d velopper des outils pr dictifs, ce qui permettra d am nager les for ts d ...
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ethyl 3,4-seco-8(14-13R)abeo-17,13-friedo-4(28),7,14,24-lanostatetraen-26,23-olide-23-hydroxy-3-oate: from Abies sachalinensis; structure in first source
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of Hydropriming and Biopriming on Seed Germination and Growth of Two Mexican Fir Tree Species in Danger of Extinction. AU - Zulueta-Rodriguez, Ramon. AU - Hernandez-Montiel, Luis G.. AU - Murillo-Amador, Bernardo. AU - Rueda-Puente, Edgar O.. AU - Lara Capistran, Liliana. AU - Troyo-Dieguez, Enrique. AU - Cordoba-Matson, Miguel V.. PY - 2015/9. Y1 - 2015/9. KW - germination. KW - seedling growth. KW - rhizobacteria. KW - Abies. U2 - 10.3390/f6093109. DO - 10.3390/f6093109. M3 - Artículo. VL - 6. SP - 3109. EP - 3122. JO - Forests. JF - Forests. SN - 1999-4907. IS - 9. ER - ...
How is Association Royale des Architectes de Charleroi (French: Royal Association of Architects of Charleroi; Charleroi, Belgium) abbreviated? ARAC stands for Association Royale des Architectes de Charleroi (French: Royal Association of Architects of Charleroi; Charleroi, Belgium). ARAC is defined as Association Royale des Architectes de Charleroi (French: Royal Association of Architects of Charleroi; Charleroi, Belgium) rarely.
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Why do we need Sodium Ascorbate?. The GLO Gene is absent in many people. Scientists believe that this happened around 60 million years ago. The absence of this gene makes us unable to biosynthesize the specific enzyme L- gulonolactone oxidase. This is an end-stage liver enzyme that bio-converts blood glucose to Ascorbate; without it, our bodies cannot produce any Ascorbate. In the long term, the lack of Ascorbate causes our bones to dissolve and teeth to fall out; in other words, sub-clinical scurvy and a tendency to develop cancer.. Ascorbic Acid is produced in large quantities in almost all animals, e.g. 6 grams a day in goat, or up to 100grams daily if the goat is stressed. But it is not the Ascorbic Acid our body requires, rather a SALT of Ascorbic Acid. A daily supplementation of Ascorbate several times a day is a simple way to make up for this genetic defect.. Robert F. Cathcart, MD another medical pioneer who has had great success with Ascorbate, successfully treating over 25,000 patients ...
Common Name: Golden Spanish fir Growth Habit: broad upright. USDA Zone: 6-8 Exposure: filtered sun Growing Conditions: moist, well-drained soils Root Stock: grafted onto Abies nordmanniana Comments: Yellow foliage...
Mucilage is extruded from the bark of Pseudolarix amabilis and Abies nephrolepis upon injury. The aim of this study was to characterize the structure and chemical contents of mucilage extruded from mucilage cells (MCs) in the bark of these species. A large number of MCs containing translucent or dark materials in their lumina were observed in the secondary phloem of P. amabilis and A. nephrolepis. The translucent or dark materials in MCs stained positive with ruthenium red and PAS, indicating the presence of polysaccharides. The average length and diameter of MC in P. amabilis were 1500 μm and 254 μm, respectively, and the corresponding values for A. nephrolepis were 419 μm and 166 μm. Chemical analysis of low molecular weight fractions prepared from mucilage by HPAEC-PAD showed sucrose, glucose and fructose peaks, and in addition galacturonic acid and fucose peaks. Furthermore, 1H NMR spectra for the high molecular weight fraction showed the signals characteristic of pectin. This demonstrates that
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Abies lasiocarpa, leaf - entire needle image
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Abies lasiocarpa, twig - showing attachment of needles image
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Abies forrestii in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 March 6. Reference page ...
As the Holiday season creeps ever closer, we here at Davina would like to take a moment to talk about an essential oil that truly encapsulates the feeling of Christmas: Balsam Fir. While Balsam Fir essential oil smells like the holidays feel, theres a lot more to this oil than just a cheerful scent. Lets take a look at how to use Balsam Fir Oil. Healing Aid. Balsam Fir essential oil has natural stimulating properties. These properties, when applied to injured skin, can bring more blood to the surface of the skin, and promote quick, natural healing. As a bonus, the extra blood flow can help ease the pain caused by sore or bruised muscles. Before applying this oil topically, be sure to dilute it to at least a 1:1 ratio. Detoxification. Balsam Fir oil contains active compounds that can help the body detoxify itself. Its natural cleansing and anti-bacterial properties can help the body in its endeavors to rid itself of harmful toxins. Simply dilute the oil then rub it on the bottoms of feet, chest ...
In patent-medicine parlance, the term balsam, originally describing an aromatic resin, came to apply generally to an aromatic oily or resinous medicinal preparation, for healing wounds or soothing pain, according to The Oxford English Dictionary (1971). Among early products using the name was Robert Turlingtons Balsam, an English cure-all patented in 1744. By 1750 it was available in bottles, and by 1754 it was being sold in vials in an attempt to eliminate both bottle re-use and product counterfeiting. In the 1760s Turlingtons Balsam was being sold in the United States (Fike 2006, 27). Quite often balsams were cough medicines of their day, including such products as Abietene Cough Balsam, Dr. J.S. Clarks Balsam for the Throat & Lungs, Congreves Celebrated Balsamic Elixir for Cough & Asthma, Mrs. Dinsmores Cough & Croup Balsam, Halls Pulmonary Balsam (a Safe and Speedy Cure for Diseases of the Throat and Lungs), and Mastens Balsam of Horehound (for throat, lungs, & etc.), and so on. ...
In the Dinaric Mountains, the future of silver fir and Norway spruce appears to be uncertain, especially given the threat of climate change to both species and browsing pressure on fir. Stand developm
All firs have soft, flattened needles. Depending on species, the needles vary in length. All types of firs are characterized by their pleasant fragrance. Their needles are always dark green. The balsam fir (Abies balsa mea) and Fraser fir (Abies fraseri) are respectively the most popular and the second most popular Christmas tree in Canada. The balsam fir is found in cooler climates and is therefore found in abundance in Canada.. The Fraser fir is very similar in form and appearance to balsam fir. It is found abundantly in Canada and in some regions of the United States.. To grow, both types of trees demand abundant soil moisture and humid atmosphere. Growth is best on well-drained soils that are somewhat acid. The Scotch pine (Pinus sylvestris) is the third most popular Christmas tree in Canada. It grows in a wide variety of soils and sites. The tree was originally introduced in Canada by European settlers. It is renowned for its dark green foliage and its excellent needle retention. White ...
By Jennifer Donovan, Michigan Technological University. In the Isle Royale Wolf-Moose Studys annual report released today, the researchers say that over the past three years, they have tallied the lowest numbers of wolves ever: nine in 2011-12, eight in 2012-13 and nine in 2013-14. During the same period, predation rates-the proportion of the moose population killed by wolves-also dropped to the lowest ever recorded, while the number of moose doubled, to approximately 1,050 moose.. Wolves are the only predators of moose on the remote island national park in northwestern Lake Superior. The moose population has been increasing because wolf predation has been so low.. Wolves are Inbred. The poor condition of wolf predation on Isle Royale appears to be caused by inbreeding, said John Vucetich, director of Michigan Techs study of the wolves and moose of Isle Royale. In its 56th year, the research project is the longest continuous predator-prey study in the world.. In the annual report, Vucetich ...
Balsam fir (Abies balsamea) essential oil has a scent that is fresh, clean, green, balsamic, coniferous, and sweet. The middle-note scent has an odor inten
Drooping Norway spruce. Synonyms: Abies excelsa var. inversa Gordon, Pinetum, Suppl.: 4 (1862), Picea excelsa var. inversa (Gordon) Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif., ed. 2: 335 (1867), Picea excelsa f. inversa (Gordon) Beissn., Handb. Nadelholzk.: 361 (1891), Pinus abies f. inversa (Gordon) Voss in K.Putlitz & L.Meyer, Landlexikon 4: 770 (1913), Picea abies var. inversa (Gordon) Nash, J. New York Bot. Gard. 18: 89 (1917), Picea abies f. inversa (Gordon) Rehder, Bibl. Cult. Trees: 21 (1959)
Picea mariana (black spruce), Abies balsamea (balsam fir), Juniperus communus (juniper), Acer saccharum (sugar maple), Populus tremuloides (aspen), grasses, and their till substrate were sampled at a site of zinc mineralization in marble of the Grenville Province of southeastern Ontario. A classic dispersal train derived from the mineralization is defined by the distribution of mineralized boulders and by the areal extent of till that is enriched in zinc and cadmium; it is 70-200 m wide and at least 400 m long.The spatial distributions of zinc levels in leaf tissue of P. mariana, A. Balsamea, and grasses are also effective maps of the dispersal train. This results from strong relationships between plant metal levels and till metal levels across the full range of till metal levels. Metal levels in tree rings show a persistent decrease from older to younger wood. ...
Ecosystem-based management aims to maintain the natural proportion of native species over a given landscape. White spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) is a species sensitive to environmental conditions; it is especially demanding in terms of nutrients and its regeneration is negatively affected by clearcut harvesting. Its proportion is now significantly lower than what it was in the preindustrial forests of Québec (Canada). As a native species in boreal Québec, efforts to maintain its proportion in the landscape are undertaken for white spruce, but little is known about the best practices to maximize establishment success of seedlings planted in the balsam fir (Abies balsamea)-white birch (Betula papyrifera) bioclimatic domain. Our general objective was to identify planting practices as related to microsite treatment that favour white spruce sapling survival and size after 11 growing seasons following enrichment planting of sites harvested by mechanized careful logging in an ecosystem-based ...
Ralph - I agree that island wildlife popuations are more susceptible to extinction whether it be due to disease, genetics, parasites, predation or some other envrionmental factor. However, the point I was trying to make is that some opinions expressed on this site try to make the case that a few thousand wolves in the rocky mountain west are going to have a devastating impact on the tens of thousands of elk/deer if the wolves are not managed.. If anything, the wolf/moose dynamic on Isle Royale does a pretty good job at showing how a predator/prey relationship in a mostly enclosed, unmanaged setting hasnt allowed for the wolf to decimate its prey base.. It seems that Elk Hunters point is that we cant use Isle Royale as an example because there are only 25-30 wolves on the island. Im assuming he thinks that the moose population on the island numbers in the tens of thousands and that 25-30 wolves wouldnt have much of an overall impact on such a large population.. Well in 2005 the moose ...
I am a student of environmental sciences at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. I am working on a small project on sustainable use of the Norway spruce (Picea abies=Picea excelsa) for the production of firewood. To estimate the available wood in a stand I am lookin for a biomass table or a formula like y=b0 + b1*dbh^2 where y is the biomass of the tree and dbh is the diameter at breast height. I could find the information for Picea engelmanii but not for Picea abies. Thanks in advance Mathias Tobler ...
Maxwell Norway spruce. Synonyms: Picea excelsa var. Maxwellii, Maxwell, Cat. 1873: ? (1873), Abies excelsa var. Maxwelii, (Maxwell) auct., Garden (London 1871-1927) 5: 231 (1874), Picea abies f. maxwellii, (Maxwell) Rehder, Bibl. Cult. Trees: 23 (1949). Selection: 1860 by Thompson C. Maxwell (1822-1908), T.C. Maxwell & Brothers Nursery in Geneva, United States. Publication: T.C. Maxwell & Brothers Nursery Catalog (1873)
Balsam fir is *the* ingredient of the winter season, and weve selected ten of the best mens grooming products to prove its efficacy.
Conifer diterpene synthases (diTPSs) catalyze the multi-step cycloisomerization of geranylgeranyl diphosphate, or copalyl diphosphate, to a variety of diterpenes in general (i.e., primary) and specialized (i.e., secondary) metabolism. Despite their functional diversity, the known conifer diTPSs are structurally closely related, with variations in three conserved domains, α, β and γ. The catalytic specificity of conifer class I and class I/II diTPSs is predominantly determined by the protein environment of the C-terminal class I active site through stabilization of common and unique carbocation intermediates. Using the crystal structure of Taxus brevifolia taxadiene synthase as template, comparative modeling and mutagenesis of the class I diTPS ent-kaurene synthase from Picea glauca (PgKS) was performed to elucidate the catalytic specificity of PgKS relative to spruce diTPSs of specialized metabolism. N-terminal truncations demonstrated a role for the βγ domain in class I enzyme activity for PgKS,
Used in a growing range of fields, from biology and medicine to astronomy, citizen science involves volunteers gathering data to help scientists answer research questions.. In the case of the spruce budworm outbreak, an innovative project called Budworm Tracker is giving volunteers in eastern Canada the tools to gather and report data on spruce budworm populations - data that is helping scientists monitor and better understand the insect and its spread.. In this initiative, volunteers receive a free Budworm Tracker kit containing a pheromone trap, a data collection sheet and detailed instructions. They hang their trap from a lower branch of a spruce or balsam fir tree near where they live or work.. From mid-June until the end of the summer, these citizen scientists check the trap at least once a week, collecting and counting the moths and recording their findings. Volunteers with a smartphone can report their findings directly on the Budworm Tracker website or use a downloadable app. At the end ...
For gene-enzyme systems in forest trees it is unclear how much structural genetic diversity as compared to diversity of the genetic background contributes to phenotypic variability. The gene-enzyme-system of PEPC-A, phosphoenolpyruvate-carboxylase (PEPCase, EC 4.1.1.3 I), of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) was chosen as an example to investigate the relative importance of the following sources of phenotypic variation in enzyme activity: (1) Variation at the structural PEPC-A-locus with three genotypes, (2) Variation in the genetic background, (3) Variation in growth temperature. The amount, specific activity and catalytic efficiency of PEPCase in crude needle extracts were assessed as quantitative traits. According to our ANOVA results, variation in the genetic background, i.e. epistasis in the general sense, is the most important source of variation compared to variation at the levels of both PEPC-A-genotype or growth temperature. Moreover, evaluation of the kinship partition of the ...
Purchase this Dwarf Norway Spruce Bonsai Tree For Sale (picea abies pygmaea) for sale online. Item will be shipped to you within the week.
Studies on allele length polymorphism designate several glacial refugia for Norway spruce (Picea abies) in the South Carpathian Mountains, but infer only limited expansion from these refugia after the last glaciation. To better understand the genetic dynamics of a South Carpathian spruce lineage, we compared ancient DNA from 10,700 and 11,000-year-old spruce pollen and macrofossils retrieved from Holocene lake sediment in the Retezat Mountains with DNA extracted from extant material from the same site. We used eight primer pairs that amplified short and variable regions of the spruce cpDNA. In addition, from the same lake sediment we obtained a 15,000-years-long pollen accumulation rate (PAR) record for spruce that helped us to infer changes in population size at this site. We obtained successful amplifications for Norway spruce from 17 out of 462 pollen grains tested, while the macrofossil material provided 22 DNA sequences. Two fossil sequences were found to be unique to the ancient material.
Studies on allele length polymorphism designate several glacial refugia for Norway spruce (Picea abies) in the South Carpathian Mountains, but infer only limited expansion from these refugia after the last glaciation. To better understand the genetic dynamics of a South Carpathian spruce lineage, we compared ancient DNA from 10,700 and 11,000-year-old spruce pollen and macrofossils retrieved from Holocene lake sediment in the Retezat Mountains with DNA extracted from extant material from the same site. We used eight primer pairs that amplified short and variable regions of the spruce cpDNA. In addition, from the same lake sediment we obtained a 15,000-years-long pollen accumulation rate (PAR) record for spruce that helped us to infer changes in population size at this site. We obtained successful amplifications for Norway spruce from 17 out of 462 pollen grains tested, while the macrofossil material provided 22 DNA sequences. Two fossil sequences were found to be unique to the ancient material.
This work has been identified as being free of known restrictions under U.S. copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights. The organization that has made this item available believes that the item is in the Public Domain under the laws of the United States, but a determination was not made as to its copyright status under the copyright laws of other countries. (CC Public Domain 1.0 and RightsStatements.org NoC-US 1.0). The original object is available at the Iowa State University Library Special Collections and University Archives ([email protected]). To request higher resolution reproductions of the original see http://archives.lib.iastate.edu/using-our-materials/making-copies/photographs-and-documents ...
Picea abies, commonly called Norway spruce, is a large pyramidal evergreen conifer that is native to the mountains of northern and central Europe east to the Urals. In its native European habitat, it typically matures to 100-150 (occasionally to 200) tall. It has been widely planted in cool and temperate regions of North American where it typically matures to a much shorter 40-60 (less frequently to 100) tall. It is noted for its rapid growth. Primary branches are slightly upturned but secondary branches become pendulous as the tree matures. Branches are clad with spirally-arranged, four-sided, needle-like, deep green leaves which are attached at their bases to tiny pegs. Cylindrical seed bearing cones (to 9 long) are pendulous. In excess of 150 cultivars (mostly dwarf) have been named over the years. Cultivars can be very difficult to distinguish ...
Logging-related damage to forest regeneration is a problem during final cutting in the shelterwood system. In order to compare the effects of logging methods, damage to natural Norway spruce [Picea abies (L.) Karst.] regeneration caused by single- (SGH) and double-grip harvester (DGH) systems was studied in three shelterwoods (132-234 m3 ob ha-1) in Sweden. Between 38 and 65% of the original seedlings (6 400-25 400 ha-1) were dead, had disappeared or were damaged after the final cutting. Regarding the damaged seedlings, 6-25% were mildly, 17-27% moderately and 48-76% seriously damaged. There were no significant differences between the SGH and the DGH systems concerning the frequency, severity, type or cause of damage to the regeneration. The proportion of damaged seedlings increased with increasing stem volume of the shelterwoods. Hence, stem volume ha-1 might be more important than harvester system for the proportion of damaged seedlings. The main conclusion is that final cutting of shelterwood ...
Knitters Pride Royale Fixed Circular Needles - US 17 (12.0mm) - 40 Needles - The Royale circular needles are a gorgeous wool and metal combination. They have added shiny metal tips that taper to a nice sharp point. Knitters Pride Royale Fixed Circular Needles - US 17 (12.0mm) - 40 Needles are available now at Jimmy Beans Wool with Free U.S. Flat Rate shipping for orders over $75, $4 U.S. Flat Rate shipping on all other orders!
Small Balsam is an alien, ground-covering, erect herb,. growing up to 1m.. The flowers are yellow, spurred and up to 18mm.. The fruits are cylindrical pods up to 5cm long. They twist. and explode when touched, scattering the seeds in a. similar way to the related Himalayan Balsam and Busy. Lizzies.. Leaves are gently toothed, alternate, up to 15cm and have. winged leaf stalks.. ...
It is a fortified version of the unique balsam made from 25 herbs. Horse balsam Forte warming is made according to a traditional Swiss recipe. It contains the fruit and flowers of horse chestnut.
Hydrate & Care - Återfuktande och vårdande balsam Vårdande balsam som reder ut, återfuktar och mjukgör torrt och slitet hår. Innehåller ingredienser som reducer...
Kamill Hand & Nail Cream Balsam recenze a zku enosti - Recenze Omlazen .cz Recenze v robku zna ky Kamill, kvalita a zku enosti s v robkem Kamill Hand & Nail Cream Balsam na port le Omlazen .cz
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Knihu „Autovegetatívne rozmnožovanie smreka obyčajného (Picea abies L., Karst.) pochádzajúceho z rôznych imisných oblastí
Picea abies Virgata, Smrk ztepil , Bizardn rostouc smrk, kter dor st v ky 10-15 m, letit exmpl e jsou i vy . Letorosty jsou dlouh a nev tven , asto b vaj m rn p evisl . Vy aduje vlh , m rn kysel , propustn p dy, se stanovi t m na slunci. Velmi cen n d evina pro sv origin ln tvary. Vhodn pou it jako solitera., Jehli nany
Abies pindrow Royle (Himalayan Fir; Pinaceae) has been traditionally used in the treatment of various ailments and reported to contain cyclic polyols as major class of phytoconstit..
Abies pindrow Royle (Himalayan Fir; Pinaceae) has been traditionally used in the treatment of various ailments and reported to contain cyclic polyols ..
The park is in the transitional zone between the temperate deciduous forests to the south and the boreal forests to the north but so close to the northern limit of the zone that the vegetation is overwhelmingly boreal in nature. However, there are southern elements, more or less rare, which point to the temperate zone, like maples, oaks, red ash, large-tooth aspen and yellow birch. Jack pine is the most important tree, followed by black spruce. Quaking aspen and paper birch are very abundant, too. Due to the scarcity of wildfires in recent decades, balsam fir is now very common in the understory. The conifer diversity is remarkable, at least from the European perspective; there are 10 conifer species altogether (3 pines, 2 spruces, fir, larch, white-cedar, juniper and yew) and I sometimes saw 8 species at one glance around me - I wonder if it is possible to see more conifers even in the Sierra Nevada in one place? (Of course, there are more conifer species in the Sierra but they are located in ...
A European insect, commonly called the balsam woolly aphid or chermes, is damaging and killing true fir (Abies) in western Oregon and Washington. Some 350,000 acres are known to be infested. Tree killing has reached the point where concerted action is needed. Major salvage plans are being developed by private, state, and federal forest managers to utilize as much of the dead and dying timber as possible. Studies of the insect and means of controlling it are underway and are being expanded. ...
Leaders: Lynn Ovenden, Joan Heyding, Ian Gough. Meet: The Calabogie Tourist Centre at 9:30:. http://www.ottawavalley.travel/Info_Centre/Ottawa_Valley_Visitor_Information_Centres/Calabogie.html. Sandy Garland has invited us for a Fungi Foray at her property near Calabogie. Ive found coral fungi, jellies, pigs ears, slime moulds, chicken of the woods, lots of gilled mushroom, boletes, and of course polypores. The land is 75 acres of once-cut pine forest, now mixed forest. The oldest pines must be close to 100 years old. Lots of balsam fir, some cedar, maples, beech, aspen, birch (paper and grey), ironwood. A snowmobile trail runs through it and a hydro line cuts across the corner; lots of wet areas and a beaver pond.. Sandys property is about a 1 1/4 hours drive from Ottawa. We will collect fungi for two hours in the morning, have lunch, and then will sort, ID, and display the fungi that has been collected on two tables in the screened porch. Please note that this is not a foray for ...
A pseudoplastic spray mixture was prepared from fenitrothion, polymeric adjuvants and humectants. Three Newtonian spray mixtures were prepared, one each from fenitrothion, aminocarb and mexacarbate respectively, using oils, surfactants and cosolvents. The spray mixtures were sprayed over potted seedlings of balsam fir using a spinning disc atomizer, at an application rate of 1.5 L/ha. Aminocarb and mexacarbate were each sprayed at 70 g active ingredient (AI)/ha, whereas fenitrothion, at 210 g AI/ha. Spray droplets were sampled with Kromekote® cards and deposits were collected on glass plates. Foliar droplets were counted and pesticide concentrations were measured by gas-liquid-chromatography. Physical properties measured were: viscosity-shear rate relationship, surface tension and volatility. The data indicated that the presence of the polymeric adjuvants imparted pseudoplastic behavior to the spray medium. Because of this, the mixture provided a markedly larger droplet size spectrum and much ...
smoldering pine needles and incense ashes Top Notes: Birch Middle Notes: Cedarwood, balsam fir Base Notes: Myrrh, amberwood, oakmoss Perfumer: Bertrand Duchau
Blue Fern Studios Seedlings - Fir Tree. Exquisitely detailed patterned papers, coordinating mediums in a bevy of colors along with gorgeous stamps, chipboard and embellishments. Be inspired in your own style with all of your scrapbooking, mixed media, and altered art projects.
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Typically, wolves consume impressive portions of their prey, eating all but the rumen contents, larger bones, and some hair. They routinely eat what you and I would not dream of eating - the stomach muscles, tendons, marrow, bones, hair and hide. They typically consume 80 to 100% of all that is edible. By wolf standards, every American deer hunter I know, including me, is wasteful. A wolfs gut is not so different from ours that we cant appreciate what it means to resort to eating such parts.. These eating habits make sense: starvation is a very common cause of death for wolves, killing prey requires a tremendous amount of energy and is a life-threatening prospect for a wolf.. Two circumstances give false impressions. First, it may take several days for a pack to consume a carcass, or they may cache it and consume it later. The ultimate utilization of what may appear to be a poorly utilized carcass is routinely verified by merely revisiting the site of a moose carcass at a later ...
UPDATED: The Michigan Dept. of Environmental Quality (DEQ) and the Michigan Dept. of Natural Resources (DNR) have announced a POSTPONEMENT of the EPA task force public meeting on saving Buffalo Reef (from stamp sand) that was scheduled for Tuesday, Dec. 5, at the Lake Linden-Hubbell High School, since predicted snow and high winds for Tuesday would make travel difficult. We will be rescheduling this meeting for early in the new year, but we have no date for that meeting available yet, said Steve Casey, Upper Peninsula district supervisor for the Michigan DEQs Water Resources Division. Once a new date is set we will announce that information to help ensure we have great public attendance at this meeting to jump start the efforts to save Buffalo Reef. An invitation-only Wednesday, Dec. 6, meeting on Buffalo Reef for EPA task force members and scientists is also being postponed until a later date, which will be announced once confirmed. That Dec. 6 session was to be held at the Great Lakes ...
Fast-forward almost three years now and this seedling has grown into a sapling. In this cross section of a three year old lime (Tilia sp.) stem the big cells at the core are the pith. The three concentric rings of brown cells outside of that contain the xylem vessels that conduct water up and down the stem. Theyre dead and their walls are strengthened with woody lignin, producing a strong, rigid support for the fast growing shoot and leaves. The width of those annual rings varies according the growing season - but I suspect that the outer, most recent ring is narrower because this shoot was harvested for microscopic sectioning sometime in mid-summer, before that years annual growth was complete. Take a close look at the outer edge of the outer annual ring of xylem (double click the image to enlarge) and you may just be able to make out a distinct narrow zone of very small blue-stained cells, just a few cells thick (at about 7 oclock on the section). This is the cambium - the thin layer of ...
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Abies sachalinensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T42298A2970610 "M 6.6 - 27km E of Tomakomai, Japan". ... The native conifer species in northern Hokkaido is the Abies sachalinensis (sakhalin fir) The hydrangea hirta species is also ...
"Abies grandis". Gymnosperm Database. "Chamaecyparis lawsoniana". Gymnosperm Database. "How Tall Can Trees Grow?". Retrieved ...
Fruit white; leaves up to 8 centimetres (3.1 in). On Abies. Viscum album subsp. album. Europe, southwest Asia east to Nepal. ...
p. 5. "Picea abies". iucnredlist.org. p. 1. "On the status and distribution of the large carnivores (Mammalia: Carnivora. Brown ...
"Abies beshanzuensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 1998. Retrieved 26 September 2012.old-form url Zhejiang Fengyang ...
July 2019). "Abies alba Mill.): A Community-Generated Genomic Resource". G3. 9 (7): 2039-2049. doi:10.1534/g3.119.400083. PMC ...
Contents A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Abdiunguis Abies Abies milleri - type locality for the species ... "Abies milleri, sp. nov., from the Middle Eocene Klondike Mountain Formation, Republic, Ferry County, Washington". Burke Museum ...
Forests of the glacial period were dominated by various spruces (Picea spp.) and jack pine; fir (Abies spp.) was abundant in ... Red spruce (Picea rubens) and Fraser fir (Abies fraseri) dominate the forest canopy. Cranberry bogs harbor species typical of ...
Abies sp.), ash (Fraxinus sp.), 4 Himalayan cedars (Cedrus deodara) and walnuts (Juglans sp.) are growing with two Bunya pines ...
Abies amabilis In: Gardeners' Chronicle. Neue Folge, Vol 14, 4. Dezember 1880, S. 720, (online). [Some Account of the ... 2. Auflage, R. P. Studley Co., Saint Louis 1875, S. 4-11, (online). Abies subalpina Eng. n. sp. In: American Naturalist. Vol 10 ... In: Botanical Gazette, Vol 3, Nummer 8, 1878, S. 65, (online). A Synopsis of the American Firs (Abies Link). In: Transactions ... Vol 2, 1877, S. 125, (online). On Abies Menziesii and A. Engelmanni. ??? In: Gardeners' Chronicle. Neue Folge, Vol 7, 22. ...
Earle, Christopher J. (2021). "Abies × borisii-regis". The Gymnosperm Database. Retrieved 23 April 2021. Girault, A.A. (1913 ... "Abies borisii-regis / King Boris' fir". American Conifer Society. 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2021. ...
Abies spp.), birch (Betula spp.), aspen (Populus spp.), oak (Quercus spp.), hazel (Corylus avellana L.), and rockrose (Cistus ...
Schorn, Howard; Wehr, Wesley (1986). "Abies milleri, sp. nov., from the Middle Eocene Klondike Mountain Formation, Republic, ... Abies milleri (British Columbia, Canada; Washington, USA) Banksia archaeocarpa (Australia)[citation needed] Chamaecyparis ...
Schorn, Howard; Wehr, Wesley (1986). "Abies milleri, sp. nov., from the Middle Eocene Klondike Mountain Formation, Republic, ...
Schorn, H.; Wehr, W.C. (1986). "Abies milleri, sp. nov., from the Middle Eocene Klondike Mountain Formation, Republic, Ferry ...
Sergio R.S. Cevallos-Ferriz; César Ríos-Santos; Socorro Lozano-García (2019). "Abies cuitlahuacii sp. nov., a mummified late ...
Typical coniferous trees include pines (Pinus spp.), firs (Abies spp.), and spruces (Picea spp.). In some areas of this biome, ...
Schorn, H.E.; Wehr, W.C. (1986). "Abies milleri, sp. nov., from the middle Eocene Klondike Mountain Formation, Republic, Ferry ...
"Abies nordmanniana subsp. equi-trojani (Asch. & Sint. ex Boiss.) Coode & Cullen - The Plant List". www.theplantlist.org. ... for example Abies nordmanniana subsp. equi-trojani). In 1966 he was appointed Senior Botanist in the Botanical Division of the ...
Abies spp.), hemlocks (Tsuga spp.), cannabis (Cannabis sativa spp.), cedars (Cedrus spp.), various Cupressaceae, and juniper ...
phanerolepis Abies homolepis var. umbellata Abies sachalinensis var. gracilis Abies sachalinensis var. nemorensis Juniperus ... Podocarpus chingianus Podocarpus ramosii Podocarpus spathoides Podocarpus subtropicalis Retrophyllum piresii Varieties Abies ...
Pinsapo ( Abies pinsapo Boiss. ) Spruce ( Picea abies ( L. ) H.Karst. ) Oregon cedar ( Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ( A.Murray ) ...
The species of trees are represented by some of the following: Pinus teocote and Pinus rudis; Abies, particularly Abies ...
... abies Houart, 1986. Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 25 April 2010. Ponderia caledonica Houart, ... Species within the genus Ponderia include: Ponderia abies Houart, 1986 Ponderia caledonica Houart, 1988 Ponderia canalifera ( ...
Abies sp.) forest with Corylus cornuta, Sambucus pubens and Taxus canadensis; boreal forests up to an altitude of 300 metres ... with Picea mariana and Abies balsamea; agro-ecosystems with cereals, fruits and legumes, and river ecosystems. Animal species ...
Abies alba, Abies cephalonica, Abies firma, Abies nephrolepis, Abies religiosa, Picea species, Pinus densiflora, Pseudotsuga ... Masui K. (1926). "A study of the mycorrhiza of Abies firma, S. et Z., with special reference to its mycorrhizal fungus ... Picea abies (L.) Karst". Descriptions of Ectomycorrhizae. 3: 25-29. Trappe JM. (1960). "Some probable mycorrhizal associations ...
Abies spp.) trees, although other hosts include chestnut, chinquapin, beech, Keteleeria spp., Lithocarpus spp., and oak. In ...
... abies). This species overwinters as a pupa. It can be a serious pest in conifer plantations. Skinner (1984), Chinery (2007): ...
In its native range, the sycamore is a natural component of birch (Betula sp.), beech (Fagus sp.) and fir (Abies sp.) forests. ...
"Picea rubens - (Abies fraseri) / (Rhododendron catawbiense, Rhododendron maximum) Forest". Nature Serve Explorer. Retrieved 30 ... "Abies fraseri - (Pursh) Poir. ". NatureServe Explorer. Retrieved September 24, 2019. "Euphorbia purpurea - (Raf.) Fern.". ... "Picea rubens - (Abies fraseri) / Vaccinium erythrocarpum / Dryopteris campyloptera / Hylocomium splendens Forest". Nature ... Abies fraseri, G2 Glade spurge, Euphorbia purpurea, G3 Gray's lily, Lilium grayi, G3 Large-leaved grass-of-parnassus, Parnassia ...
Abies (el); Abies, sapins (fr); Abies (da); abete, abeti (it); Abies (et); Abies (pt); Abies (kv); Abies, Baltegle (lv); Abies ... Abies (ro); Abies (he); Abies, Jedla (sk); Abies (pl); Edelgraner, Edelgran, Abies (nb); Abies (az); Abies (os); Abies (sr); ... Abies, Alwitu, Abeto (qu); Abies (de); Abies, Белая піхта (be); Եղևին (hy); Abies, Ели (bg); Abies (pcd); Abies (ka); Abies, ... Abies (frr); Abies (eo); Abies (cs); Abete, Abiete, Abet (an); Abies (udm); Ельніца (be-tarask); Abies, zilverden (nl); Έλατο, ...
Abies concolor [Gord. and Glendl.] Lindl. (white fir) is an important species over much of this area, yet little information is ... Abies concolor growth responses to vegetation changes following shrub removal, northern Sierra Nevada, California. Publications ... Site index curves for white fir (Abies concolor) in Arizona, New Mexico, and southwestern Colorado were developed using height- ...
Abies koreana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T31244A9618913. . Downloaded on 12 December 2017.. ...
Abies ziyuanensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T32320A9696874. . Downloaded on 20 February 2018.. ... Abies ziyuanensis is a rare fir occurring on the highest mountains in Guangxi and on the border with Hunan, in a narrow belt ... Abies ziyuanensis occurs, together with other conifers, scattered in a mixed forest dominated by deciduous broad-leaved trees. ... 1980), this species is closely related to Abies beshanzuensis M.H.Wu, another novelty described around that time. Farjon and ...
1182 Abies alba. Common Names: silver fir, European silver fir Family: Pinaceae (pine Family) ... See Floridatas profile on white fir (Abies concolor) for more on how the firs fit in with other members of the pine family, ... Silver fir differs from the North American white fir (Abies concolor) in having needles less than 1.25 in (30 mm) in length as ... Today Norway spruce (Picea abies) and other species are more commonly available during the holidays. This, no doubt, because ...
Abies nebrodensis This website has limited functionality with javascript off. Please make sure javascript is enabled in your ... For references, please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/help/glossary/european-species-listed-under-article/abies-nebrodensis or ...
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Rock-a-Bye Baby (1958) Approved , 1h 43min , Comedy, Musical , 23 July 1958 (USA) ... Rock-a-Bye Baby See more » Filming Locations:. Colonial Street, Backlot, Universal Studios - 100 Universal City Plaza, ...
Abies guatemalensis is a species of plant in the family pines. It is listed as endangered by IUCN. It is a photoautotroph. ... Life » Cellular » Eukaryotes » Plants » Chloroplastida » Spermatophytes » Gymnosperms » Pinidae » Pinales » Pines » Abies «. ...
Aby JL, Patel M, Sundram U, Benjamin LT.. Pediatr Dermatol. 2014 Jan-Feb;31(1):e36-7. doi: 10.1111/pde.12159. Epub 2013 May 16. ... Bhutani VK, Maisels MJ, Schutzman DL, Castillo Cuadrado ME, Aby JL, Bogen DL, Christensen RD, Watchko JF, Wong RJ, Stevenson DK ... Joshi NS, Gupta A, Allan JM, Cohen RS, Aby JL, Weldon B, Kim JL, Benitz WE, Frymoyer A. ... Joshi NS, Gupta A, Allan JM, Cohen RS, Aby JL, Kim JL, Benitz WE, Frymoyer A. ...
... Mathias Tobler bagi at stars.ch Tue Jun 16 10:56:35 EST 1998 *Previous message: Nonwood Forest Products ... I could find the information for Picea engelmanii but not for Picea abies. Thanks in advance Mathias Tobler *Previous message: ... I am working on a small project on sustainable use of the Norway spruce (Picea abies=Picea excelsa) for the production of ...
Homeopathic Abies Canadensis indications, uses & symptoms from 12 materia medicas, linked and cross referenced. Available 2C- ... Abies Canadensis Pinus Canadensis, Hemlock Spruce, Abies Can. Available in 2C-30C, 200C, 3X-30X, 200X from $6.50. Purchase ... Abies Canadensis most popular Potencies. 6C. 9C. 30C. 200C. Below are the main rubriks (i.e strongest indications or symptoms) ... Mucous membranes are affected by Abies Canadensis. and gastric symptoms are most marked, and a catarrhal condition of the ...
Abies religiosa, the oyamel fir or sacred fir, (known as oyamel in Spanish) is a fir native to the mountains of central and ... Abies religiosa is a medium-sized to large evergreen coniferous tree growing to 25-50 m (82-164 ft) tall with a trunk diameter ... The Plant List "Abies religiosa" at the Encyclopedia of Life Timbers of the New World. Arno Press. 1943. p. 13. ISBN ... The English name derives from the binomial Abies religiosa, literally "religious fir". This comes from the use of its cut ...
Argyresthia abies is a moth of the family Yponomeutidae first described by Hugh Avery Freeman in 1972. It is found in the ... The larvae feed on Abies balsamea. They bore in the terminal twigs of their host plant. mothphotographersgroup Shpeley, D. & ... Nazari, V. (2004). "Species Details: Argyresthia abies". University of Alberta Museums. E.H. Strickland Entomological Museum. ...
Abies recurvata is an evergreen Tree growing to 35 m (114ft 10in) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost ... Abies fraseri. She Balsam, Fraser fir, Southern Balsam Fir. 1. 3. Abies grandis. Grand Fir, Giant Fir, Lowland White Fir. 2. 2 ... Abies recurvata is an evergreen Tree growing to 35 m (114ft 10in) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost ... Abies alba. Silver Fir, Christmas Tree Fir, European Silver Fir, Silver. 2. 3. ...
Genus: Abies. Sectio: A. sect. Pseudopicea Species: Abies forrestii Varietates: A. f. var. ferreana - A. f. var. forrestii - A ... Abies forrestii Coltm.-Rog., Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 65: 150 (1919). Synonyms[edit]. *Homotypic *Abies delavayi var. forrestii ( ... Abies forrestii in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ... Abies forrestii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013. IUCN Red List Category: Least Concern. DOI: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013 ...
Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Abies_guatemalensis&oldid=2341515" ...
"RHS Plantfinder - Picea abies Inversa". Retrieved 25 April 2018.. *^ "RHS Plantfinder - Picea abies Little Gem". Retrieved ... "RHS Plantfinder - Picea abies Acrocona". Retrieved 25 April 2018.. *^ "RHS Plantfinder - Picea abies Clanbrassiliana". ... Picea abies (L.) H. Karst is the accepted name of this species. More than 150 synonyms of Picea abies have been published.[39] ... Picea abies, the Norway spruce[3] or European spruce,[citation needed] is a species of spruce native to Northern, Central and ...
Leo Shapiro set "Abies religiosa (Kunth) Schltdl. & Cham." as an exemplar on "Abies religiosa (Kunth) Schltdl. & Cham.". ... Michаel Frаnkis marked "File:Abies religiosa Chincua 6.jpg" as trusted on the "Abies religiosa (Kunth) Schltdl. & Cham." page. ... Michаel Frаnkis marked "Abies religiosa (Kunth) Schltdl. & Cham." as trusted on the "Abies religiosa" page. ... Abies religiosa is a high mountain species, occurring between 1,200 m and 4,100 m a.s.l., but more commonly between 2100 m and ...
... identification and distribution of Abies lasiocarpa, leaf - entire needle image ... Abies lasiocarpa, leaf - entire needle. click on image to enlarge. © Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 Email full-size image ... IM/I_SB/0412/320/Abies_lasiocarpa,_leaf_-_entire_needle,I_SB41204.jpg. width=320 x height=214 pixels; size=57393 bytes Discover ...
Abies. See also. › biology.burke.washington.edu. › conifersociety.org. › dendro.cnre.vt.edu. › depts.washington.edu. › legacy. ... Abies grandis (Douglas ex D.Don) Lindl., 1833. ›lowland fir. ›lowland white fir. ›silver fir. ›white fir. More ». ›yellow fir. ...
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Abies sachalinensis is an evergreen Tree growing to 30 m (98ft 5in) at a slow rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost ... Abies sibirica. Siberian Fir. Tree. 30.0. - LMH. FSN. M. 0. 1. Abies spectabilis. Himalayan Fir. Tree. 30.0. 6-9 S. LMH. FSN. M ... Abies alba. Silver Fir, Christmas Tree Fir, European Silver Fir, Silver. Tree. 45.0. 5-8 F. LMH. FSN. M. 2. 3. 4. ... Abies sachalinensis is an evergreen Tree growing to 30 m (98ft 5in) at a slow rate.. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not ...
Products containing ABIES (FIR) NEEDLE OIL made by company: Soap for Goodness Sake, LLC ...
Discover RHS expert help and advice on growing, feeding, pruning and propagating plants. Find specific plants with our Plant Finder & Plant Selector.
... identification and distribution of Abies lasiocarpa, twig - showing attachment of needles image ... Abies lasiocarpa, twig - showing attachment of needles. click on image to enlarge. © Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 Email ... IM/I_SB/0412/320/Abies_lasiocarpa,_twig_-_showing_attachment_of_needles,I_SB41203.jpg. width=320 x height=214 pixels; size= ...
fluorescence induction winter stress photoinhibition Picea abies This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check ... Bolhàr-Nordenkampf H.R., Lechner E. (1988) Winter Stress And Chlorophyll Fluorescence in Norway Spruce (Picea abies, L., Karst ... Winter Stress And Chlorophyll Fluorescence in Norway Spruce (Picea abies, L., Karst.). ...
Abies koreana is a slow growing, conical shaped tree with shiny, dark green leaves with 2 whitish bands underneath. The cones ... Abies koreana is a slow growing, conical shaped tree with shiny, dark green leaves with 2 whitish bands underneath. The cones ...
Picea abies. Pine family (Pinaceae). Description: This coniferous tree is 50-120 tall, forming an unbranched straight bole and ... Spruces resemble firs (Abies spp.), but their mature seed cones hang downward from their branches. In contrast, the mature seed ...
  • Resinoid of Abies balsamea (Pinaceae) obtained. (europa.eu)
  • The most commonly imported Christmas tree species are Abies species ("firs"), in particular Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir (Pinaceae). (bioone.org)
  • 1980), this species is closely related to Abies beshanzuensis M.H.Wu, another novelty described around that time. (iucnredlist.org)
  • Today Norway spruce ( Picea abies ) and other species are more commonly available during the holidays. (floridata.com)
  • For references , please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/help/glossary/european-species-listed-under-article/abies-nebrodensis or scan the QR code. (europa.eu)
  • Abies guatemalensis is a species of plant in the family pines . (eol.org)
  • Picea abies , the Norway spruce [3] or European spruce , [ citation needed ] is a species of spruce native to Northern , Central and Eastern Europe . (wikipedia.org)
  • Abies religiosa is a high mountain species, occurring between 1,200 m and 4,100 m a.s.l., but more commonly between 2100 m and 3,100 m, usually on well drained mountain soils of volcanic origin. (eol.org)
  • these are sometimes treated as a separate species, Abies colimensis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cambium of species Abies nephrolepis is the most preferred for bear consumption in Primorsky Krai. (hindawi.com)
  • Typical of Abies species, the cones disintegrate to distribute the seed in the early winter. (plantexplorers.com)
  • Kobliha J, Stejskal J, Lstibůrek M, Typta J, Tomášková I, Jakubův P (2013) Testing of hybrid progenies and various species of genus Abies for forestry, decorating horticulture and christmas tree production. (springer.com)
  • Picea abies (L.) Karst, (common spruce or Norway spruce) is a large evergreen coniferous species native to Northern, Central and Eastern Europe. (mdpi.com)
  • A previous genetic study indicated that the resistance of Norway spruce (Picea abies) to Heterobasidion annosum s.l., a pathogenic basidiomycete species complex, is linked to a quantitative trait loci that associates with differences in fungal growth in sapwood (FGS) that includes a gene, PaLAR3, which encodes a leucoanthocyanidin reductase. (nih.gov)
  • Cystoseira abies-marina is one of the most important brown algae species found in the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean ecosystems and has been reported as a promising source of phenolic compounds, including phlorotannins, with important biological activities. (rsc.org)
  • Carbon (C) content in several forest ecosystem pools, including trees, understory species, downed logs, litter, soil organic and mineral layers, and fine roots, and tree growth were compared in balsam fir ( Abies balsamea ) and black spruce ( Picea mariana ) ecosystems located along a climatic gradient in eastern Canada spanning regions that differed by 4 °C in mean annual temperature. (gc.ca)
  • The firs (genus Abies ) are coniferous evergreens, mostly large, and often dominating mountainous and northern regions of Europe, Asia and North America. (floridata.com)
  • A Monograph of the genus Abies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Specific epithet refers to its similarity to the genus Abies (fir). (missouribotanicalgarden.org)
  • Euro-Mediterranean firs (the genus Abies Mill. (springer.com)
  • See Floridata's profile on white fir ( Abies concolor ) for more on how the firs fit in with other members of the pine family, and see the Japanese black pine ( Pinus thunbergii ) profile for a breakdown of the families of conifers, and the Norway spruce ( Picea abies ) profile for how to identify the most common genera in the pine family. (floridata.com)
  • I am working on a small project on sustainable use of the Norway spruce (Picea abies=Picea excelsa) for the production of firewood. (bio.net)
  • Winter Stress And Chlorophyll Fluorescence in Norway Spruce (Picea abies, L., Karst. (springer.com)
  • Bolhàr-Nordenkampf H.R., Lechner E. (1988) Winter Stress And Chlorophyll Fluorescence in Norway Spruce (Picea abies, L., Karst. (springer.com)
  • In order to compare the effects of logging methods, damage to natural Norway spruce [ Picea abies (L.) Karst. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Picea abies , commonly called Norway spruce, is a large pyramidal evergreen conifer that is native to the mountains of northern and central Europe east to the Urals. (missouribotanicalgarden.org)
  • The climate sensitivity of Norway spruce [ Picea abies (L.) Karst. (springer.com)
  • To investigate the potential of Norway spruce ( Picea abies L. Karst) as a palaeoclimate archive in the southeastern European Alps, tree ring chronologies were developed from trees growing at two sites in Slovenia which differed in their ecological and climatological characteristics. (springer.com)
  • Phenolic stilbene glucosides (astringin, isorhapontin, and piceid) and their aglycons commonly accumulate in the phloem of Norway spruce ( Picea abies ). (plantphysiol.org)
  • In Norway spruce ( Picea abies ) phloem, axial parenchyma forms distinctive, continuous tangential sheets across conducting (i.e. noncollapsed) and nonconducting (i.e. collapsed) tissue. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Here we present nucleotide diversity data from 19 genes putatively involved in photoperiodic response in Norway spruce (Picea abies). (nih.gov)
  • To gain new insights into phloem formation in Norway spruce (Picea abies), we monitored phloem cell production and seasonal variation in the primary and secondary metabolites of inner bark (non-structural carbohydrates and phenolic stilbene glucosides) during the 2012 growing season in southern and northern Finland. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • In keeping with our previous studies, we concentrated primarily on how UV-B radiation affects Norway spruce [ Picea abies (L.) Karst. (frontiersin.org)
  • On sources of variation in expression of phosphoenolpyruvate-carboxylase in Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst. (diva-portal.org)
  • The gene-enzyme-system of PEPC-A, phosphoenolpyruvate-carboxylase (PEPCase, EC 4.1.1.3 I), of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst. (diva-portal.org)
  • Modeling Density and Mechanical Properties in Norway Spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst. (bibsys.no)
  • Density, modulus of elasticity (MOE) and modulus of rupture (MOR) were measured on 1206 boards from 205 Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst. (bibsys.no)
  • Picea abies 'Cupressina' is a fast growing, narrow columnar tree form of Norway spruce with reasonably dense, fastigiate branching holding attractive dark green needles that assume a bluish cast in winter in colder climates. (conifersociety.org)
  • Conifers normally go through a long juvenile period, for Norway spruce ( Picea abies ) around 20 to 25 years, before developing male and female cones. (plantphysiol.org)
  • The larvae feed on Abies balsamea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abies balsamea Hudsonia Group (Balsam fir Hudsonia Group) will reach a height of 1m and a spread of 1.5m after 10-20 years. (shootgardening.co.uk)
  • Comparing carbon pools and tree growth in balsam fir (Abies balsamea [L.] Mill. (gc.ca)
  • Abies concolor usually has longer needles than Abies lasiocarpa which occurs at generally higher elevations. (wnmu.edu)
  • In Abies lasiocarpa, the resin canals are much larger, more central and deeper. (wnmu.edu)
  • Common spruce ( Picea abies L.) is a fast-growing coniferous tree, widely used in several countries for the production of sawn wood, timber and pulp. (mdpi.com)
  • The high altitude spruce-fir ( Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poiret. (usda.gov)
  • Forests of fir ( Abies alba ) in nemoral mountains, often with beech ( Fagus sylvatica ) towards the sub-montane limit, spruce ( Picea abies ) where site conditions are harsher at higher altitudes. (europa.eu)
  • Objective - To develop a fast and environmentally sustainable extraction technique for the extraction of antioxidants from bark of spruce ( Picea abies ) and also to identify the extracted antioxidants that are abundant in spruce bark. (diva-portal.org)
  • Apart from betulin, stilbene glucosides such as astringin, isorhapontin and picied were also extracted from spruce ( Picea abies ) using PFE. (diva-portal.org)
  • Abies koreana is a slow growing, conical shaped tree with shiny, dark green leaves with 2 whitish bands underneath. (backyardgardener.com)
  • Abies koreana 'Blue Emperor' (Korean fir 'Blue Emperor') will reach a height of 3m and a spread of 2.5m after 10-20 years. (shootgardening.co.uk)
  • Silver fir differs from the North American white fir ( Abies concolor ) in having needles less than 1.25 in (30 mm) in length as opposed to needles more than 1.6 in (40 cm) long, and in having young shoots that are gray-brown as opposed to yellow-green. (floridata.com)
  • Abies amabilis, commonly known as the Pacific silver fir, is a fir native to the Pacific Northwest of North America, occurring in the Pacific Coast Ranges and the Cascade Range from the extreme southeast of Alaska, through western British Columbia, Washington and Oregon, to the extreme northwest of California. (definitions.net)
  • Erdelský K, Barančok P (1986a) Cultivating embryos of the silver fir ( Abies alba Mill. (springer.com)
  • An 1885 illustration of P. abies , showing the cones and leaves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cones of P. abies are longer and have pointed scales. (wikipedia.org)
  • The chemical composition, including the enantiomeric excess of the main terpenes, of essential oils from seeds and cones of Abies concolor was studied by chromatographic (GC) and spectroscopic methods (mass spectrometry, nuclear magnetic resonance), leading to the determination of 98 compounds. (mdpi.com)
  • Wajs-Bonikowska A, Szoka Ł, Karna E, Wiktorowska-Owczarek A, Sienkiewicz M. Abies Concolor Seeds and Cones as New Source of Essential Oils-Composition and Biological Activity. (mdpi.com)
  • I could find the information for Picea engelmanii but not for Picea abies. (bio.net)
  • Damage to Picea abies Regeneration After Final Cutting of Shelter. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Combined analysis of nuclear and mitochondrial markers provide new insight into the genetic structure of North European Picea abies. (nih.gov)
  • Seasonal variation in formation, structure, and chemical properties of phloem in Picea abies as studied by novel microtechniques. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Erdelský K, Barančok P (1986b) Growth induction of callus and organ cultures of the fir ( Abies alba Mill. (springer.com)
  • A case study in old-growth fir Abies alba Mill. (springer.com)
  • The fir Abies alba Mill. (springer.com)
  • Abies ziyuanensis occurs, together with other conifers, scattered in a mixed forest dominated by deciduous broad-leaved trees. (iucnredlist.org)
  • Abies spectabilis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) , U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. (wikimedia.org)
  • Abies concolor , commonly called white fir or concolor fir, is primarily native to mountain slopes (3000-9000 feet in elevation) in the western U.S., including the southern Cascades and Sierras from Oregon to southern California and the Rockies from southern Idaho to Arizona and New Mexico. (missouribotanicalgarden.org)
  • Abies pindrow (Royle ex D. Don) Royle, Ill. Bot. (efloras.org)
  • Abies pindrow aerial parts were manually collected from Gulaba Kothi, region of Manali, Himachal Pradesh, India in September, 2012. (ijpsonline.com)
  • islands into adjacent grass bald communities, we investigated effects of cloud immersion on photosynthetic parameters of seedlings of Abies fraseri and R. catawbiense in a grass bald site and A. fraseri in a forest understory. (usda.gov)
  • Citation for this treatment: J. Robert Haller, Nancy J. Vivrette, & James R. Griffin 2012, Abies amabilis , in Jepson Flora Project (eds. (berkeley.edu)
  • What does abies amabilis mean? (definitions.net)
  • Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word abies amabilis . (definitions.net)
  • Are we missing a good definition for abies amabilis ? (definitions.net)
  • What rhymes with abies amabilis ? (definitions.net)
  • Abies religiosa (Kunth) Schltdl. (eol.org)
  • as trusted on the " Abies religiosa " page. (eol.org)
  • Abies religiosa, the oyamel fir or sacred fir, (known as oyamel in Spanish) is a fir native to the mountains of central and southern Mexico (Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, Sierra Madre del Sur) and western Guatemala. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abies religiosa is a medium-sized to large evergreen coniferous tree growing to 25-50 m (82-164 ft) tall with a trunk diameter of up to 2 metres (6.6 ft). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Plant List "Abies religiosa" at the Encyclopedia of Life Timbers of the New World. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oyamel (Abies religiosa)" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • Find JI (2016) Towards industrial production of tree varieties through somatic embryogenesis and other vegetative propagation technologies: Nordmann fir ( Abies nordmanniana (Steven) Spach)-from research laboratory to production. (springer.com)
  • 2. This offer is valid when you buy an ABIES NORDMANNIANA Christmas tree [Article number: 80228363] for £29 in a single transaction from an IKEA store and is subject to availability. (hotukdeals.com)
  • Abies sachalinensis - (F.Schmidt. (pfaf.org)
  • Abies sachalinensis is an evergreen Tree growing to 30 m (98ft 5in) at a slow rate. (pfaf.org)
  • Abies recurvata is an evergreen Tree growing to 35 m (114ft 10in) at a medium rate. (pfaf.org)
  • Kormuťák A, Vooková B (2001) Early growth characteristics of some Abies hybrids. (springer.com)
  • Krajňáková J, Häggman H, Gömöry D (2009) Effect of sucrose concentration, polyethylene glycol and activated charcoal on maturation and regeneration of Abies cephalonica somatic embryos. (springer.com)
  • There has been, and still is, much taxonomic confusion regarding Abies delavayi , at one time it was more or less a catch-all term for several Chinese firs. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Alizoti PG, Fady B, Prada MA, Vendramin GG (2011) EUFORGEN Technical guidelines for genetic conservation and use of Mediterranean firs ( Abies spp. (springer.com)
  • Effect of defoliation on resistance response of Abies sibirica Ledeb. (cabi.org)
  • The effect of defoliation on the resistance response of Siberian fir ( Abies sibirica ) to fungal inoculation was investigated in 3 even-aged stands damaged by the Siberian moth ( Dendrolimus superans sibiricus ) in Krasnoyarsk Territory (Central Siberia, Russia). (cabi.org)
  • Somatic Embryogenesis of Greek Fir ( Abies cephalonica Loud. (springer.com)
  • Aronen TS, Krajňáková J, Häggman HM, Ryynanen LA (1999) Genetic fidelity of cryopreserved embryogenic cultures of open-pollinated Abies cephalonica . (springer.com)
  • Krajňáková J, Häggman H (2016) Somatic Embryogenesis of Abies cephalonica Loud. (springer.com)
  • Krajňáková J, Sutela S, Gömöry D, Vianello A, Häggman H (2011b) Bioenergetic parameters during cryopreservation of two Abies cephalonica embryogenic cell lines. (springer.com)
  • Krajňáková J, Niemi K, Gömöry D, Häggman H (2012) Effects of different ectomycorrhizal fungi on somatic embryogenesis of Abies cephalonica Loud. (springer.com)
  • Are you looking for a cheap Albany, GA (ABY-Southwest Georgia Regional) hotel, a 5 star Albany, GA (ABY-Southwest Georgia Regional) hotel or a family friendly Albany, GA (ABY-Southwest Georgia Regional) hotel? (hotels.com)
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  • Abies concolor has long needles (longest typically over 5cm) which attach individually to the branch and leave a disc like scar when they fall. (wnmu.edu)
  • The Twin-City is an active ABY switcher and buffer that enables you to connect any two amps and drive them simultaneously without noise, loss of gain and without degrading your natural guitar tone. (gbase.com)
  • The Twin-City is a powerful ABY switcher that delivers all of the natural tone, punch and clarity of a true-bypass device without the popping noise of mechanical switches or the induced hum and buzz caused by ground loops. (gbase.com)
  • Higher resistance was associated with the novel allele, which was found in low frequency in the four P. abies populations that we studied. (nih.gov)
  • Argyresthia abies is a moth of the family Yponomeutidae first described by Hugh Avery Freeman in 1972. (wikipedia.org)