Paracentesis: A procedure in which fluid is withdrawn from a body cavity or organ via a trocar and cannula, needle, or other hollow instrument.Ascites: Accumulation or retention of free fluid within the peritoneal cavity.Punctures: Incision of tissues for injection of medication or for other diagnostic or therapeutic procedures. Punctures of the skin, for example may be used for diagnostic drainage; of blood vessels for diagnostic imaging procedures.Peritoneovenous Shunt: An operation for the continuous emptying of ascitic fluid into the venous system. Fluid removal is based on intraperitoneal and intrathoracic superior vena cava pressure differentials and is performed via a pressure-sensitive one-way valve connected to a tube traversing the subcutaneous tissue of the chest wall to the neck where it enters the internal jugular vein and terminates in the superior vena cava. It is used in the treatment of intractable ascites.Aqueous Humor: The clear, watery fluid which fills the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye. It has a refractive index lower than the crystalline lens, which it surrounds, and is involved in the metabolism of the cornea and the crystalline lens. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed, p319)Anterior Chamber: The space in the eye, filled with aqueous humor, bounded anteriorly by the cornea and a small portion of the sclera and posteriorly by a small portion of the ciliary body, the iris, and that part of the crystalline lens which presents through the pupil. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed, p109)Epigastric Arteries: Inferior and external epigastric arteries arise from external iliac; superficial from femoral; superior from internal thoracic. They supply the abdominal muscles, diaphragm, iliac region, and groin. The inferior epigastric artery is used in coronary artery bypass grafting and myocardial revascularization.Chylous Ascites: Presence of milky lymph (CHYLE) in the PERITONEAL CAVITY, with or without infection.Hyphema: Bleeding in the anterior chamber of the eye.Hexanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of hexanol (C6H11OH).Liver Cirrhosis: Liver disease in which the normal microcirculation, the gross vascular anatomy, and the hepatic architecture have been variably destroyed and altered with fibrous septa surrounding regenerated or regenerating parenchymal nodules.Hepatorenal Syndrome: Functional KIDNEY FAILURE in patients with liver disease, usually LIVER CIRRHOSIS or portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL), and in the absence of intrinsic renal disease or kidney abnormality. It is characterized by intense renal vasculature constriction, reduced renal blood flow, OLIGURIA, and sodium retention.Lypressin: The porcine antidiuretic hormone (VASOPRESSINS). It is a cyclic nonapeptide that differs from ARG-VASOPRESSIN by one amino acid, containing a LYSINE at residue 8 instead of an ARGININE. Lys-vasopressin is used to treat DIABETES INSIPIDUS or to improve vasomotor tone and BLOOD PRESSURE.Albumins: Water-soluble proteins found in egg whites, blood, lymph, and other tissues and fluids. They coagulate upon heating.Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome: A complication of OVULATION INDUCTION in infertility treatment. It is graded by the severity of symptoms which include OVARY enlargement, multiple OVARIAN FOLLICLES; OVARIAN CYSTS; ASCITES; and generalized EDEMA. The full-blown syndrome may lead to RENAL FAILURE, respiratory distress, and even DEATH. Increased capillary permeability is caused by the vasoactive substances, such as VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTORS, secreted by the overly-stimulated OVARIES.Hong Kong: The former British crown colony located off the southeast coast of China, comprised of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and New Territories. The three sites were ceded to the British by the Chinese respectively in 1841, 1860, and 1898. Hong Kong reverted to China in July 1997. The name represents the Cantonese pronunciation of the Chinese xianggang, fragrant port, from xiang, perfume and gang, port or harbor, with reference to its currents sweetened by fresh water from a river west of it.Regional Medical Programs: Coordination of activities and programs among health care institutions within defined geographic areas for the purpose of improving delivery and quality of medical care to the patients. These programs are mandated under U.S. Public Law 89-239.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.TaiwanGeorgiaClinical Trials, Phase I as Topic: Works about studies performed to evaluate the safety of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques in healthy subjects and to determine the safe dosage range (if appropriate). These tests also are used to determine pharmacologic and pharmacokinetic properties (toxicity, metabolism, absorption, elimination, and preferred route of administration). They involve a small number of persons and usually last about 1 year. This concept includes phase I studies conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.HandbooksAmish: An ethnic group with shared religious beliefs. Originating in Switzerland in the late 1600s, and first migrating to the mid-Atlantic, they now live throughout Eastern and Mid-Western United States and elsewhere. Communities are usually close-knit and marriage is within the community.PennsylvaniaDictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Pancreatitis: INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS. Pancreatitis is classified as acute unless there are computed tomographic or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographic findings of CHRONIC PANCREATITIS (International Symposium on Acute Pancreatitis, Atlanta, 1992). The two most common forms of acute pancreatitis are ALCOHOLIC PANCREATITIS and gallstone pancreatitis.ArchivesBiological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Pancreatitis, Chronic: INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS that is characterized by recurring or persistent ABDOMINAL PAIN with or without STEATORRHEA or DIABETES MELLITUS. It is characterized by the irregular destruction of the pancreatic parenchyma which may be focal, segmental, or diffuse.Library Services: Services offered to the library user. They include reference and circulation.Libraries, MedicalSyringes: Instruments used for injecting or withdrawing fluids. (Stedman, 25th ed)Anesthetics, Local: Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.Needles: Sharp instruments used for puncturing or suturing.Physician-Patient Relations: The interactions between physician and patient.Amniotic Fluid: A clear, yellowish liquid that envelopes the FETUS inside the sac of AMNION. In the first trimester, it is likely a transudate of maternal or fetal plasma. In the second trimester, amniotic fluid derives primarily from fetal lung and kidney. Cells or substances in this fluid can be removed for prenatal diagnostic tests (AMNIOCENTESIS).Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Informed Consent: Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.Peritoneum: A membrane of squamous EPITHELIAL CELLS, the mesothelial cells, covered by apical MICROVILLI that allow rapid absorption of fluid and particles in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. The peritoneum is divided into parietal and visceral components. The parietal peritoneum covers the inside of the ABDOMINAL WALL. The visceral peritoneum covers the intraperitoneal organs. The double-layered peritoneum forms the MESENTERY that suspends these organs from the abdominal wall.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.American Cancer Society: A voluntary organization concerned with the prevention and treatment of cancer through education and research.Peritoneal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERITONEUM.Abdominal Cavity: The region in the abdomen extending from the thoracic DIAPHRAGM to the plane of the superior pelvic aperture (pelvic inlet). The abdominal cavity contains the PERITONEUM and abdominal VISCERA, as well as the extraperitoneal space which includes the RETROPERITONEAL SPACE.Internal Medicine: A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.Hematology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with morphology, physiology, and pathology of the blood and blood-forming tissues.Cellular Phone: Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.Medical Oncology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of neoplasms.Football: A competitive team sport played on a rectangular field. This is the American or Canadian version of the game and also includes the form known as rugby. It does not include non-North American football (= SOCCER).Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
1868 Three cases of 'dropped hands' from lead 1859 Case of hydrothorax - paracentesis - recovery. 1860 A case of cancer of the ... Three parts; 1855-1874 Two cases of insufficiency of abdominal wall. Plate 1856 On mesenteric disease ending in fatal ... 1877 A case of acute pleuritis - hydrothorax - paracentesis - injection -recovery 1877 A case of aneurism of the aorta. 1880. ... and on the vena azygos 1868 Case of fractured skull with re-union in an Ancient Briton 1868 A case of aneurism of abdominal ...
The diagnosis of SBP requires paracentesis (aspiration of fluid with a needle) from the abdominal cavity. If the fluid contains ... Diagnosis is made by paracentesis (needle aspiration of the ascitic fluid). SBP is diagnosed if the fluid contains neutrophils ... Affected individuals may complain of abdominal pain and worsening ascites. Thirteen percent of patients have no signs or ... Signs and symptoms of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis include fevers, chills, nausea, vomiting, abdominal tenderness, and ...
Abdominal and urogenital hollow organs Inflammation of artery walls and tissue adjacent to nerves is common in tumors of ... Some diagnostic procedures, such as venipuncture, paracentesis, and thoracentesis can be painful. Lumbar puncture In lumbar ... Chemotherapy may cause mucositis, muscle pain, joint pain, abdominal pain caused by diarrhea or constipation, and peripheral ... inducing severe abdominal pain. Pleural carcinomatosis is normally painless. Invasion of soft tissue by a tumor can cause pain ...
In patients with ascites, a diagnosis of peritonitis is made via paracentesis (abdominal tap): More than 250 polymorphonucleate ... The main manifestations of peritonitis are acute abdominal pain, abdominal tenderness and abdominal guarding, which are ... Diffuse abdominal rigidity ("abdominal guarding") is often present, especially in generalized peritonitis Fever Sinus ... as abdominal pain and ileus paralyticus are considered normal in patients who have just undergone abdominal surgery. In most ...
An abdominal CT scan is a more accurate alternate to reveal abdominal organ structure and morphology.[citation needed] Ascites ... 1987). "Comparison of paracentesis and diuretics in the treatment of cirrhotics with tense ascites. Results of a randomized ... Symptoms may include increased abdominal size, increased weight, abdominal discomfort, and shortness of breath. Complications ... This may reveal the size and shape of the abdominal organs, and Doppler studies may show the direction of flow in the portal ...
... weight loss with increased abdominal girth, bloating, intermittent abdominal pain, dyspnea, nonproductive cough may help in ... Treatment of Meigs' syndrome consists of thoracentesis and paracentesis to drain off the excess fluid (exudate), and unilateral ...
Another invention called parasafe, a low cost kit that enables safer abdominal paracentesis, co-invented by Dr. Jagdish ...
The blood accumulates in the space between the inner lining of the abdominal wall and the internal abdominal organs. ... Paracentesis or diagnostic peritoneal lavage Computed tomography Diagnostic laparoscopy or exploratory laparotomy Initial ... The abdominal cavity is highly distensible and may easily hold greater than five liters of blood, or more than the entire ... Vascular accidents, such as rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, iliac aneurysm, or splenic aneurysm. Bleeding due to a ...
... the aggressive use of diuretic medications or the removal of large volumes of ascitic fluid by paracentesis from the abdominal ... Also, large volume paracentesis-which is the removal of ascites fluid from the abdomen using a needle or catheter in order to ... 1987). "Comparison of paracentesis and diuretics in the treatment of cirrhotics with tense ascites. Results of a randomized ... The concomitant infusion of albumin can avert the circulatory dysfunction that occurs after large-volume paracentesis and may ...
Other operations of abdominal region (54.91) Percutaneous abdominal drainage Paracentesis (55) Operations on kidney (55.0) ... Subtotal abdominal hysterectomy (68.4) Total abdominal hysterectomy (68.5) Vaginal hysterectomy (68.6) Radical abdominal ... Intra-abdominal venous shunt transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) (39.2) Other shunt or vascular bypass (39.3) ... Total intra-abdominal colectomy (46) Other operations on intestine (46.1) Colostomy (46.2) Ileostomy (46.3) Other enterostomy ( ...
Some diagnostic procedures, such as lumbar puncture (see post-dural-puncture headache), venipuncture, paracentesis, and ... and abdominal pain due to diarrhea or constipation; hormone therapy, which sometimes causes pain flares; targeted therapies, ...
Pregnancy Distended urinary bladder Abdominal wall cellulitis Distended bowel Intra-abdominal adhesions. Paracentesis at ... also called laparocentesis or abdominal paracentesis) in which the peritoneal cavity is punctured by a needle to sample ... Paracentesis (from Greek κεντάω, "to pierce") is a form of body fluid sampling procedure, generally referring to ... It is used for a number of reasons: to relieve abdominal pressure from ascites to diagnose spontaneous bacterial peritonitis ...
... could reveal nephrolithiasis and bowel gas pattern Symptomatic relief may be provided by paracentesis, which may also diagnose ... Abdominal guarding is the tensing of the abdominal wall muscles to guard inflamed organs within the abdomen from the pain of ... The tensing is detected when the abdominal wall is pressed. Abdominal guarding is also known as 'défense musculaire'. Guarding ... Abdominal migraine Abdominal wall strain/injury Abscess (e.g. iliopsoas) Hepatic or splenic contusion/laceration Incarcerated ...
... needle biopsies or paracentesis (needle drainage of free fluid inside the abdominal cavity). In patients with deranged liver ... Abdominal ultrasonography (also called abdominal ultrasound imaging or abdominal sonography) is a form of medical ... Abdominal ultrasound is commonly used in the setting of abdominal pain or an acute abdomen (sudden and/or severe abdominal pain ... It can be used on the abdominal aorta to detect or exclude abdominal aortic aneurysm. For this purpose, the standard aortic ...
... marked abdominal bloating or distention, and lower abdominal pains (in addition to mild and moderate symptoms). OHSS may be ... paracentesis, and/or intravenous hydration. Shmorgun, Doron; Claman, Paul (2011). "The diagnosis and management of ovarian ... and there may be additional accumulation of ascites with mild abdominal distension, abdominal pain, nausea, and diarrhea. In ... Mild symptoms include abdominal bloating and feeling of fullness, nausea, diarrhea, and slight weight gain. Moderate symptoms ...
Positron emission tomography, bone scans, and paracentesis are of limited use; in fact, paracentesis can cause metastases to ... fluid within the abdominal cavity), while pelvic examination may reveal an ovarian or abdominal mass. An adnexal mass is a ... Fluid from the abdominal cavity can also be analyzed for cancerous cells. If cancer is found, this procedure can also be used ... However, paracentesis can be used in cases where there is no pelvic mass and ascites is still present. A physician suspecting ...
Covering the abdominal cavity is the parietal peritoneum. Symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma include weight loss and abdominal ... If fluid is found, the process of eliminating it is through paracentesis; however the analysis of this fluid has limited ...
1987). "Comparison of paracentesis and diuretics in the treatment of cirrhotics with tense ascites. Results of a randomized ... Blood from the portal venous system may be shunted through the periumbilical veins and ultimately to the abdominal wall veins, ... If a rapid reduction of volume is required, paracentesis is the preferred option. This procedure requires the insertion of a ... In addition to being more rapid than diuretics, 4-5 liters of paracentesis is more successful in comparison to diuretic therapy ...
Abdominal complaints: Abdominal pain is also a common complaint in the primary care and emergency department setting. ... Ultrasound-assisted paracentesis performed by emergency physicians vs the traditional technique: a prospective, randomized ... If that same hypotensive person has back pain instead of a fever, the clinician may see an abdominal aortic aneurysm that is ... Gallbladder disease is a frequent cause of abdominal pain, but can also result in critical illness. Bedside ultrasound assesses ...
The management includes salt restriction, diuretics (spironolactone), paracentesis, and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic ... Abdominal Radiology. 41 (10): 1931-1936. doi:10.1007/s00261-016-0785-9. ISSN 2366-004X. Bloom, S.; Kemp, W.; Lubel, J. (2015-01 ... Abdominal pain or tenderness (when bacteria infect the ascites, as in Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis). Increased spleen size ... Swollen veins on the anterior abdominal wall (sometimes referred to as Caput medusae) Hemorrhoids (swollen or dilated ...
Symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma include weight loss and abdominal pain and swelling due to a buildup of fluid in the ... If fluid is found, the process of eliminating it is through paracentesis; however the analysis of this fluid has limited ...
In people with ascites, a diagnosis of peritonitis is made via paracentesis (abdominal tap): More than 250 polymorphonuclear ... Abdominal painEdit. The main manifestations of peritonitis are acute abdominal pain, abdominal tenderness, abdominal guarding, ... "Acute Abdominal Pain". Merck Manuals Professional Edition. Retrieved 31 December 2017.. *^ a b "Acute Abdominal Pain". Merck ... Diffuse abdominal rigidity ("abdominal guarding") is often present, especially in generalized peritonitis ...
... the aggressive use of diuretic medications or the removal of large volumes of ascitic fluid by paracentesis from the abdominal ... The development of ascites (as shown on this abdominal ultrasound) in cirrhotics that is refractory to the use of diuretic ... 1987). "Comparison of paracentesis and diuretics in the treatment of cirrhotics with tense ascites. Results of a randomized ... The concomitant infusion of albumin can avert the circulatory dysfunction that occurs after large-volume paracentesis and may ...
Severtsev A. N., Stupin V. A. ""Sandostatinum" in abdominal surgery". (Manual for practicing doctors). - "Triada" edition. - ... Severtsev A., Chegin V., Ivanova E. «Surgical treatment of cirrhotic ascites (paracentesis, peritoneovenous shunting, narrow - ...
See also: Category:Abdominal surgical procedures. Subcategories. This category has the following 4 subcategories, out of 4 ...
In human anatomy, inferior epigastric artery refers to the artery that arises from the external iliac artery and anastomoses with the superior epigastric artery. Along its course, it is accompanied by a similarly named vein, the inferior epigastric vein. These epigastric vessels form the lateral border of Hesselbach's triangle, which outlines the area through which direct inguinal hernias protrude. It arises from the external iliac artery, immediately above the inguinal ligament. It curves forward in the subperitoneal tissue, and then ascends obliquely along the medial margin of the abdominal inguinal ring; continuing its course upward, it pierces the transversalis fascia, and, passing in front of the linea semicircularis, ascends between the Rectus abdominis and the posterior lamella of its sheath. It finally divides into numerous branches, which anastomose, above the umbilicus, with the superior epigastric branch of the internal thoracic artery and with the lower intercostal arteries. As ...
... (SBP) is the development of a bacterial infection in the peritoneum causing peritonitis, despite the absence of an obvious source for the infection. It occurs almost exclusively in people with portal hypertension (increased pressure over the portal vein), usually as a result of cirrhosis of the liver. It can also occur in patients with nephrotic syndrome. The diagnosis of SBP requires paracentesis (aspiration of fluid with a needle) from the abdominal cavity. If the fluid contains bacteria or large numbers of neutrophil granulocytes (>250 cells/µL) (a type of white blood cells), infection is confirmed and antibiotics are required to avoid complications. In addition to antibiotics, infusions of albumin are usually administered. Signs and symptoms of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis include fevers, chills, nausea, vomiting, abdominal tenderness, and general malaise. Affected individuals may complain of abdominal pain and ...
In human anatomy, superior epigastric artery refers to a blood vessel that carries oxygenated blood and arises from the internal thoracic artery (referred to as the internal mammary artery in the accompanying diagram). It anastomoses with the inferior epigastric artery at the umbilicus and supplies the anterior part of the abdominal wall and some of the diaphragm. Along its course, it is accompanied by a similarly named vein, the superior epigastric vein. The superior epigastric arteries, inferior epigastric arteries, internal thoracic arteries and left subclavian artery and right subclavian artery / brachiocephalic are collateral vessels to the thoracic aorta and abdominal aorta. If the abdominal aorta develops a significant stenosis and/or blockage (as may be caused by atherosclerosis), this collateral pathway may develop sufficiently, over time, to supply blood to the lower limbs. A congenitally narrowed aorta, due to coarctation, is often associated with ...
... (trade name Removab) is a rat-mouse hybrid monoclonal antibody which is used to treat malignant ascites, a condition occurring in people with metastasizing cancer. It binds to antigens CD3 and EpCAM. It is in clinical trials in the United States currently and is used in Europe. It was developed by Fresenius Biotech and Trion Pharma (Germany). The drug is used for the treatment of malignant ascites in people with EpCAM-positive cancer if a standard therapy is not available. Ascites is an accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity. The usual treatment of malignant ascites is to puncture the peritoneum to let the accumulated fluid drain out. After the puncture, catumaxomab is given as an intraperitoneal infusion. The procedure is repeated four times within about eleven days. It has been shown that puncture free survival can be increased from 11 to 46 days with this treatment. Common adverse effects include fever, nausea and vomiting. Fever and pain should be controlled by giving ...
The superficial iliac circumflex artery (or superficial circumflex iliac), the smallest of the cutaneous branches of the external iliac artery, arises close to the superficial epigastric artery, and, piercing the fascia lata, runs lateralward, parallel with the inguinal ligament, as far as the crest of the ilium. It divides into branches which supply the integument of the groin, the superficial fascia, and the superficial subinguinal lymph glands, anastomosing with the deep iliac circumflex, the superior gluteal and lateral femoral circumflex arteries. In 45% to 50% of persons the superficial circumflex iliac artery and superficial inferior epigastric artery arise from a common trunk. In contrast, 40% to 45% of persons have a superficial circumflex iliac artery and superficial inferior epigastric artery that arise from separate origins [1,2]. The subcutaneous inguinal ring. The great saphenous vein and its tributaries at the fossa ovalis. The great saphenous vein and its tributaries. The femoral ...
... (often abbreviated HRS) is a life-threatening medical condition that consists of rapid deterioration in kidney function in individuals with cirrhosis or fulminant liver failure. HRS is usually fatal unless a liver transplant is performed, although various treatments, such as dialysis, can prevent advancement of the condition. HRS can affect individuals with cirrhosis, severe alcoholic hepatitis, or liver failure, and usually occurs when liver function deteriorates rapidly because of a sudden insult such as an infection, bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract, or overuse of diuretic medications. HRS is a relatively common complication of cirrhosis, occurring in 18% of people within one year of their diagnosis, and in 39% within five years of their diagnosis. Deteriorating liver function is believed to cause changes in the circulation that supplies the intestines, altering blood flow and blood vessel tone in the kidneys. The kidney failure of HRS is a consequence of these ...
肝硬化(德語:Zirrhose,法语:cirrhose,西班牙語:cirrosis,英语:cirrhosis,/sɪˈroʊsɪs/)指的是肝臟因長期受到傷害,導致最後無法正常運作。肝硬化是漫長的過程,在早期通常沒有症狀,隨著疾病的發展,患者可能開始感到容易疲倦、虛弱、下肢水腫、皮膚泛黃、容易瘀青、產生腹水、或是在皮膚上見到如蜘蛛般延展的血管(英语:Spider angioma)等等。腹水一旦發生就可能發生自發性細菌腹膜炎(英语:Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis)。其他與肝硬化相關的疾病與症狀還有肝性腦病變(英语:Hepatic encephalopathy)、由於曲張的食道靜脈(英语:Esophageal varices)破裂而造成的吐血、肝肾综合症、以及肝癌等[5]。肝腦病變可能造成患者意識混亂甚至陷入昏迷[1]。 ...
A medical procedure is a course of action intended to achieve a result in the delivery of healthcare. A medical procedure with the intention of determining, measuring, or diagnosing a patient condition or parameter is also called a medical test. Other common kinds of procedures are therapeutic (i.e., intended to treat, cure, or restore function or structure), such as surgical and physical rehabilitation procedures. "An activity directed at or performed on an individual with the object of improving health, treating disease or injury, or making a diagnosis." "The act or conduct of diagnosis, treatment, or operation." "A series of steps by which a desired result is accomplished." "The sequence of steps to be followed in establishing some course of action." Auscultation Medical inspection (body features) Palpation Percussion (medicine) Vital signs measurement, such as blood pressure, body temperature, or pulse (or heart rate) Lab tests Biopsy test Blood test Stool test Urinalysis Cardiac stress test ...
... is derived from the Latin root words "autos" and "inoculate" that mean "self implanting" or "self infection" or "implanting something from oneself". Autoinoculation can refer to both beneficial medical procedures (e.g. vaccination) as well as non-beneficial or harmful natural processes (e.g. infection or disease). One beneficial autoinoculation medical procedure is when cells are removed from a person's body, medically altered then reinserted ("implanted" or "infected") into the same organism or person again to achieve some diagnostic or treatment aim. For example, stem cell treatments involve the harvesting of stem cells from one's own bone marrow and reintroduction (autoinoculation) of those cells at a later date, sometimes after altering those stem cells. Autoinoculation may also be used for the transplantation of a patient's own healthy bone marrow after recovering from a condition afflicting the tissue. Autoinoculation can also refer to the process by which viruses reproduce ...
... (SBP) is the development of a bacterial infection in the peritoneum causing peritonitis, despite the absence of an obvious source for the infection. It occurs almost exclusively in people with portal hypertension (increased pressure over the portal vein), usually as a result of cirrhosis of the liver. It can also occur in patients with nephrotic syndrome. The diagnosis of SBP requires paracentesis (aspiration of fluid with a needle) from the abdominal cavity. If the fluid contains bacteria or large numbers of neutrophil granulocytes (>250 cells/µL) (a type of white blood cells), infection is confirmed and antibiotics are required to avoid complications. In addition to antibiotics, infusions of albumin are usually administered. Signs and symptoms of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis include fevers, chills, nausea, vomiting, abdominal tenderness, and general malaise. Affected individuals may complain of abdominal pain and ...
... (trade name Removab) is a rat-mouse hybrid monoclonal antibody which is used to treat malignant ascites, a condition occurring in people with metastasizing cancer. It binds to antigens CD3 and EpCAM. It is in clinical trials in the United States currently and is used in Europe. It was developed by Fresenius Biotech and Trion Pharma (Germany). The drug is used for the treatment of malignant ascites in people with EpCAM-positive cancer if a standard therapy is not available. Ascites is an accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity. The usual treatment of malignant ascites is to puncture the peritoneum to let the accumulated fluid drain out. After the puncture, catumaxomab is given as an intraperitoneal infusion. The procedure is repeated four times within about eleven days. It has been shown that puncture free survival can be increased from 11 to 46 days with this treatment. Common adverse effects include fever, nausea and vomiting. Fever and pain should be controlled by giving ...
肝硬化(德語:Zirrhose,法语:cirrhose,西班牙語:cirrosis,英语:cirrhosis,/sɪˈroʊsɪs/)指的是肝臟因長期受到傷害,導致最後無法正常運作。肝硬化是漫長的過程,在早期通常沒有症狀,隨著疾病的發展,患者可能開始感到容易疲倦、虛弱、下肢水腫、皮膚泛黃、容易瘀青、產生腹水、或是在皮膚上見到如蜘蛛般延展的血管(英语:Spider angioma)等等。腹水一旦發生就可能發生自發性細菌腹膜炎(英语:Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis)。其他與肝硬化相關的疾病與症狀還有肝性腦病變(英语:Hepatic encephalopathy)、由於曲張的食道靜脈(英语:Esophageal varices)破裂而造成的吐血、肝肾综合症、以及肝癌等[5]。肝腦病變可能造成患者意識混亂甚至陷入昏迷[1]。 ...
Oedema (also spelled edema) is swelling caused when fluid leaks out of the body's capillaries. (The capillaries are the body's smallest blood vessels.) The fluid builds up and gets trapped in the tissues around the leaking blood vessels.[1] This causes swelling. If there is enough swelling, edema can be seen from outside of the skin. Edema can happen in any part of the body. However, it is easiest to see in the arms and legs, including the hands, ankles, and feet.[1] Edema in the arms and legs is called peripheral edema.[2] Pulmonary edema is fluid in the lungs.[3] Pulmonary edema is dangerous because having fluid in the lungs makes breathing difficult. If pulmonary edema gets bad enough, a person can drown in the fluid.[4] Edema in the abdomen is called ascites.[5] ...
What is abdominal paracentesis? Meaning of abdominal paracentesis medical term. What does abdominal paracentesis mean? ... Looking for online definition of abdominal paracentesis in the Medical Dictionary? abdominal paracentesis explanation free. ... abdominal paracentesis. Paracentesis of the abdominal cavity so that ascitic fluid can be obtained for analysis. ... thoracic paracentesis thoracentesis.. abdominal paracentesis. Etymology: L, abdominis, belly; Gk, para, near, kentesis, ...
Learn more about Abdominal Paracentesis at Portsmouth Regional Hospital DefinitionReasons for ProcedurePossible ... Abdominal paracentesis removes extra fluid from the belly. A needle is inserted into the belly to draw the fluid out. ...
Learn more about Abdominal Paracentesis at Portsmouth Regional Hospital DefinitionReasons for ProcedurePossible ... Ascites is the build-up of fluid in the abdominal cavity. Paracentesis is used to remove a sample of fluid or to drain fluid ... Abdominal fluid can return until the condition causing it has been treated. You may need to have the procedure again. ... Signs of infection, including fever, chills and abdominal pain. *Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or ...
Learn more about Paracentesis Abdominal at Memorial Hospital DefiniciónRazones para realizar el procedimientoFactores de riesgo ... La paracentesis abdominal es un procedimiento en el que se usa una aguja para retirar una muestra de líquido para drenar una ... La paracentesis abdominal puede durar tan poco como 10 -15 minutos, pero se requiere más tiempo si hay una gran cantidad de ... en lugar de realizar la paracentesis repetidamente, se inserta un catéter a través de la pared abdominal y se deja dentro para ...
Paracentesis is used to remove a sample of fluid or to drain fluid that has built up. ... Ascites is the build-up of fluid in the abdominal cavity. ... Abdominal Paracentesis. Definition. Ascites is the build-up of ... fluid in the abdominal cavity. Paracentesis is used to remove a sample of fluid or to drain fluid that has built up. ... Abdominal fluid can return until the condition causing it has been treated. You may need to have the procedure again. ...
Abdominal paracentesis technique may be used to ease the pain by removing the excess fluid. Read more about the procedure & ... before they recommend an abdominal paracentesis surgery to drain the fluid. In an abdominal paracentesis procedure, fluid that ... Ascites is a condition in which fluid accumulates in the abdominal cavity. An abdominal paracentesis procedure is performed to ... When pain and breathing difficulty are noticed because of the fluid buildup, the abdominal paracentesis technique may be used ...
Summerville, K. and Preston, Nancy (2001) Abdominal paracentesis. In: The Royal Marsden Hospital Handbook of Clinical ...
Abdominal paracentesis, more commonly referred to as an ascitic tap, is a procedure that can be performed to collect peritoneal ... Abdominal paracentesis, more commonly referred to as an ascitic tap, is a procedure that can be performed to collect peritoneal ... Abdominal paracentesis. Dr Daniel J Bell ◉ and Dr Matthew Jarvis ◉ et al. ... Paracentesis versus diuretics in the treatment of cirrhotics with tense ascites. Lancet. 1985;1 (8429): 611-2. Pubmed citation ...
Abdominal paracentesis drainage does not increase infection in severe acute pancreatitis: a prospective Study. J Clin ... Outcome benefit of abdominal paracentesis drainage for severe acute pancreatitis patients with serum triglyceride elevation by ... Abdominal paracentesis drainage ahead of percutaneous catheter drainage benefits patients attacked by acute pancreatitis with ... 4. Foglio EJ, Gorelick F. Abdominal paracentesis drainage: which patients with severe acute pancreatitis will benefit? J Clin ...
Learn more about Abdominal Paracentesis at HCA West Florida Division DefinitionReasons for ProcedurePossible ComplicationsWhat ... Abdominal paracentesis removes extra fluid from the belly. A needle is inserted into the belly to draw the fluid out. ...
"Chapter e56 Clinical Procedures Tutorial: Abdominal Paracentesis [video]." Harrisons Principles of Internal Medicine, 18e ... Chapter e56 Clinical Procedures Tutorial: Abdominal Paracentesis [video] Maria A. Yialamas, Anna Rutherford, and Lindsay King; ... and .Chapter e56 Clinical Procedures Tutorial: Abdominal Paracentesis [video]. In: Longo DL, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, ...
Paracentesis. Paracentesis is a procedure to drain extra fluid and make you more comfortable. A doctor puts a needle attached ... Paracentesis can help symptoms for a time, but the extra fluid often returns. If this happens, your doctor may do paracentesis ... When cancer spreads to the abdominal lining, it can cause irritation and stimulate the lining to create extra fluid. ... to a tube into the abdominal cavity to drain the fluid. This can be used in medium to serious cases of ascites. ...
Paracentesis is used to drain excess fluid from the abdomen. Peritoneal mesothelioma patients undergo the procedure for symptom ... Paracentesis is used to drain excess fluid from the abdomen. Peritoneal mesothelioma patients undergo the procedure for symptom ... What Is Paracentesis?. Paracentesis is the removal of abdominal fluid buildup with a hollow needle. There are about 150,000 ... What Is Paracentesis for Mesothelioma?. Mesothelioma paracentesis procedures drain fluid from the abdominal cavity. The ...
... Article information. Korean ... Transarterial embolization for incorrectable abdominal wall hematoma after abdominal paracentesis. Korean J Intern Med. 2019;34 ... After paracentesis, abdominal wall hematoma occurred in a 49-year-old patient with cirrhosis and ascites. On a computed ... Abdominal paracentesis is a treatment or diagnostic option for patients with liver disease. Usually the procedure is minimally ...
Abdominal Paracentesis. (Ascites Fluid Tap; Abdominal Tap). by Editorial Staff And Contributors ... Ascites is the build-up of fluid in the abdominal cavity. Paracentesis is used to remove a sample of fluid or to drain fluid ... Abdominal fluid can return until the condition causing it has been treated. You may need to have the procedure again. ... Signs of infection, including fever, chills and abdominal pain. *Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or ...
Respiratory compromise secondary to ascites Abdominal pain or pressure secondary to ascites (including abdominal compartment ... Outcome benefit of abdominal paracentesis drainage for severe acute pancreatitis patients with serum triglyceride elevation by ... Drugs & Diseases , Clinical Procedures , Paracentesis Q&A What are the indications for a therapeutic paracentesis?. Updated: ... An evidence-based manual for abdominal paracentesis. Dig Dis Sci. 2007 Dec. 52(12):3307-15. [Medline]. ...
Paracentesis is a procedure in which a needle or catheter is inserted into the peritoneal cavity to obtain ascitic fluid for ... Outcome benefit of abdominal paracentesis drainage for severe acute pancreatitis patients with serum triglyceride elevation by ... An evidence-based manual for abdominal paracentesis. Dig Dis Sci. 2007 Dec. 52(12):3307-15. [Medline]. ... The two recommended areas of abdominal wall entry for paracentesis are as follows (see the image below): ...
This space is called the abdominal cavity or peritoneal cavity. ... An abdominal tap is used to remove fluid from the area between ... Peritoneal tap; Paracentesis; Ascites - abdominal tap; Cirrhosis - abdominal tap; Malignant ascites - abdominal tap ... An abdominal tap is used to remove fluid from the area between the belly wall and the spine. This space is called the abdominal ... An abdominal tap can help diagnose the cause of fluid buildup or the presence of an infection. It may also be done to remove a ...
The test is also known as paracentesis or abdominal tap.. How the Test is Performed. ... Paracentesis (peritoneal fluid analysis) - diagnostic. In: Chernecky CC, Berger BJ, eds. Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic ...
... and covers most of the abdominal organs (visceral peritoneum). ... A paracentesis is a procedure in which a hollow needle or tube ... is inserted through the skin and into the abdominal cavity or peritoneum. The peritoneum is the membrane that lines the walls ... A paracentesis may also be called an abdominal tap.. Why a paracentesis is done. A paracentesis is done when a person has a ... A paracentesis is a procedure that uses a hollow needle or plastic tube (catheter) to remove fluid from the abdominal cavity. ...
Paracentesis. Another diagnostic procedure is paracentesis. This involves taking fluid from the abdomen to directly check for ... 15 possible causes of abdominal pain Abdominal pain occurs in the area between the chest and the pelvis. It can relate to ... injuries that cause abdominal trauma, such as knife or gun wounds. Peritonitis can happen to people who have excess fluid in ... The abdominal cavity contains the main parts of the gut, such as the stomach and intestines. It also contains other organs such ...
Paracentesis is essential in determining whether ascites is caused by portal hypertension or by another process. Ascites ... Paracentesis also should be performed when SBP is suggested by the presence of abdominal pain, fever, leukocytosis, or ... Some argue that paracentesis should be performed in all patients with cirrhosis who have ascites at the time of hospitalization ... Comparison of paracentesis and diuretics in the treatment of cirrhotics with tense ascites. Results of a randomized study. ...
Its inserted through the skin and into the abdominal cavity. There is risk of infection, so people who undergo paracentesis ... Paracentesis. This procedure uses a thin, long needle to remove the excess fluid. ... The increased pressure can force fluid into the abdominal cavity, causing ascites. ...
"Paracentesis (Abdominal)." Gomellas Neonatology: Management, Procedures, On-Call Problems, Diseases, and Drugs, 8e Gomella T, ... Paracentesis (Abdominal). In: Gomella T, Eyal FG, Bany-Mohammed F. Gomella T, Eyal F.G., Bany-Mohammed F Eds. Tricia Lacy ... post abdominal surgery, or intussusception. Peritonitis in neonates is most commonly associated with gastrointestinal ...
Abdominal Paracentesis. *Bone Marrow Biopsy. *Bone Marrow Evaluation. *Cardiac MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) of Heart or ...
  • Intra-abdominal Hypertension (IAH) is an entity that was described in the 19th century but which importance has been recognized in the last two decades. (intechopen.com)
  • A paracentesis is done in an outpatient clinic or in a hospital. (cancer.ca)
  • 18 years diagnosed as having abdominal TB began treatment with anti-TB drugs at Gyeongsang National University Hospital, located on the southeast coast of Korea. (springer.com)
  • The pager sounded at a little after 10:00 AM on the morning of Friday, February 8th, and by 2:50 PM the same afternoon, Jerry Leaf and Mike Darwin were air borne, en route to the University of Wisconsin Hospital, located in Madison, Wisconsin. (alcor.org)