General or unspecified injuries involving organs in the abdominal cavity.
Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.
Multiple physical insults or injuries occurring simultaneously.
An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.
Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.
Restraining belts fastened to the frame of automobiles, aircraft, or other vehicles, and strapped around the person occupying the seat in the car or plane, intended to prevent the person from being thrown forward or out of the vehicle in case of sudden deceleration.
General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.
Wounds caused by objects penetrating the skin.
Devices used to protect and restrain infant and child automotive passengers.
Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.
Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.
Penetrating wounds caused by a pointed object.
Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.
Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.
Penetrating and non-penetrating injuries to the spinal cord resulting from traumatic external forces (e.g., WOUNDS, GUNSHOT; WHIPLASH INJURIES; etc.).
Adverse functional, metabolic, or structural changes in ischemic tissues resulting from the restoration of blood flow to the tissue (REPERFUSION), including swelling; HEMORRHAGE; NECROSIS; and damage from FREE RADICALS. The most common instance is MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION INJURY.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.

Non-fatal injuries sustained by seatbelt wearers: a comparative study. (1/444)

The injuries sustained by 969 drivers and front-seat passengers in road-traffic accidents were studied. Altogether 196 (20-2%) of the drivers and passengers were wearing seat belts and 773 (79-8%) were not. The injuries among the two groups differed greatly in both severity and distribution. A total of 54 (27-6%) of the seatbelt wearers sustained one or more fractures compared with 300 (38-8%) of the non-wearers, and 18 (9-2%) of the seatbelt wearers were severely injured compared with 300 (38-8%) of the non-wearers. Soft-tissue injuries to the face were sustained by only 29 (14-8%) of the seatbelt wearers compared with 425 (55%) of the non-wearers. Since wearing seatbelts may become compulsory, the type and pattern of injuries to be expected in wearers should be appreciated.  (+info)

Use of ultrasonography in the patient with acute renal trauma. (2/444)

The purpose of this study was to assess the use of emergent ultrasonographic examination in acute traumatic renal injuries. Over a 3 year period, prospective data of all patients who had an emergency ultrasonogram were recorded. Thirty-two patients with 37 renal injuries were studied retrospectively to identify in how many patients the sonogram detected free fluid or a renal parenchymal abnormality. Free fluid in the abdomen was identified in 19 of 32 patients (59%). However, 12 of these 19 patients had concomitant injury, such as splenic rupture requiring splenectomy, severe liver lacerations, or bowel lacerations requiring repair, that were possible causes of the free fluid. Eliminating these patients, only seven of 20 patients with isolated renal injuries had free fluid in the abdomen (35%), whereas 13 of 20 patients (65%) had no evidence of free fluid. All seven patients with free fluid had moderate or severe renal injuries. Renal parenchymal abnormalities were identified on ultrasonograms in eight of 37 (22%) of injured kidneys. The abnormalities were detected more commonly in cases of severe injury (60%). In conclusion, acute injuries of the kidney from blunt abdominal trauma often are associated with significant splenic, hepatic, or bowel trauma. Isolated renal injuries frequently occur without the presence of free fluid in the abdomen. Furthermore, the ultrasonogram of the kidney often is normal with acute renal injuries, but it is more likely to be abnormal with severe (grade II or greater) renal injuries. Sonography may be used in the triage of patients with blunt abdominal trauma and possible renal injury. However, a negative ultrasonogram does not exclude renal injury, and, depending on clinical and laboratory findings, other imaging procedures such as computed tomography should be performed.  (+info)

Production of phospholipase C (alpha-toxin), haemolysins and lethal toxins by Clostridium perfringens types A to D. (3/444)

To obtain high yields of extracellular enzymes and toxins for immunological analysis, type culture collection strains of Clostridium perfringens types A to D and 28 fresh isolates of C. perfringens type A from humans were grown in fermenters under controlled conditions in a pre-reduced proteose peptone medium. The type culture collection strains all showed different characteristics with respect to growth rates and pH optima for growth. Production of phospholipase C (alpha-toxin), haemolysin and lethal activity varied considerably between the different types. Growth and extracellular protein production in fermenters with pH control and static or stirred cultures were compared. Production of all extracellular proteins measured was markedly improved by cultivation in fermenters with pH control. Strain ATCC13124 produced five times more phospholipase C than any of 28 freshly isolated strains of C. perfringens type A, grown under identical conditions. Haemolytic and lethal activities of the ATCC strain were equal or superior to the activities of any of the freshly isolated strains. There were no differences in the bacterial yields and in the production of extracellular toxins between type A strains isolated from clinical cases of gas gangrene and abdominal wounds, and those isolated from faecal samples from healthy persons.  (+info)

Abdominal injuries and sport. (4/444)

Serious abdominal injuries resulting from sport are rare. The potential for misdiagnosis is significant and the consequences may be serious. Patients with abdominal pain should be taken very seriously and investigated with appropriate diagnostic equipment. Sporting bodies have a responsibility to address safety within a particular sport and to change the rules where necessary as injury patterns are identified.  (+info)

Aortic rupture as a result of low velocity crush. (5/444)

A case of aortic disruption in a 35 year old lorry driver is described. This occurred as a result of a low velocity crushing force. Clinicians should be aware that this mechanism of injury may result in aortic disruption as well as the more commonly mentioned severe deceleration force.  (+info)

Power Doppler ultrasonography: alternative to computed tomography in abdominal trauma patients. (6/444)

The aim of this study was to determine if power Doppler ultrasonography, contrast enhanced when necessary, can be used as an alternative to computed tomography in the diagnosis of trauma-related organ rupture or hematoma. Fifteen patients who had sustained abdominal trauma but who had normal results on B-mode scans were included in the study. Twenty organs (13 livers and 7 spleens) were examined with both contrast-enhanced computed tomography and power Doppler ultrasonography in a blinded fashion. Ultrasonographic contrast was used in five patients. Lack of contrast enhancement (computed tomography) or lack of color in power color Doppler ultrasonography in all or part of the organ was taken as a sign of rupture or hematoma. Five ruptures were detected with both modalities (two hepatic and three splenic). Thus, ultrasonography showed no false-positive or false-negative studies when compared to the computed tomographic results. No significant difference was found in the estimated size of the damaged area between the two types of investigation. The study indicates that power color Doppler ultrasonography may be considered an alternative when a computed tomographic scan of a trauma patient is impossible.  (+info)

Blunt abdominal injuries. (7/444)

The management of blunt abdominal injury (BAI) has undergone quite significant changes over recent years. The emphasis is now on the recognition and limitation of the underlying metabolic insult associated with severe abdominal injury. The concepts of damage control and non-operative management while seeming diametrically opposed have both found favour in selected patient groups. The interventional radiologist has opened a new dimension in the control of inaccessible bleeding and is able to contribute to non-operative approaches. The complimentary use of the methods of investigation available for BAI will also improve the accuracy and specificity of diagnosis allowing more appropriate management. Embracing these new concepts of management by all institutions dealing with trauma victims will hopefully reduce the morbidity and mortality of BAI.  (+info)

A foreign body in the spinal canal. A case report. (8/444)

An 18-year-old man who presented with weakness in his lower limbs, had an upper motor neurone lesion at the D12-L1 level. At laminectomy two stone-like objects were found which proved to be bundles of tiny pieces of wood. They are thought to have entered the cord through an abdominal penetrating injury sustained six years previously.  (+info)

Abdominal injuries refer to damages or traumas that occur in the abdomen, an area of the body that is located between the chest and the pelvis. This region contains several vital organs such as the stomach, liver, spleen, pancreas, small intestine, large intestine, kidneys, and reproductive organs. Abdominal injuries can range from minor bruises and cuts to severe internal bleeding and organ damage, depending on the cause and severity of the trauma.

Common causes of abdominal injuries include:

* Blunt force trauma, such as that caused by car accidents, falls, or physical assaults
* Penetrating trauma, such as that caused by gunshot wounds or stabbing
* Deceleration injuries, which occur when the body is moving at a high speed and suddenly stops, causing internal organs to continue moving and collide with each other or the abdominal wall

Symptoms of abdominal injuries may include:

* Pain or tenderness in the abdomen
* Swelling or bruising in the abdomen
* Nausea or vomiting
* Dizziness or lightheadedness
* Blood in the urine or stool
* Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
* Rapid heartbeat or low blood pressure

Abdominal injuries can be life-threatening if left untreated, and immediate medical attention is necessary to prevent complications such as infection, internal bleeding, organ failure, or even death. Treatment may include surgery, medication, or other interventions depending on the severity and location of the injury.

Nonpenetrating wounds are a type of trauma or injury to the body that do not involve a break in the skin or underlying tissues. These wounds can result from blunt force trauma, such as being struck by an object or falling onto a hard surface. They can also result from crushing injuries, where significant force is applied to a body part, causing damage to internal structures without breaking the skin.

Nonpenetrating wounds can cause a range of injuries, including bruising, swelling, and damage to internal organs, muscles, bones, and other tissues. The severity of the injury depends on the force of the trauma, the location of the impact, and the individual's overall health and age.

While nonpenetrating wounds may not involve a break in the skin, they can still be serious and require medical attention. If you have experienced blunt force trauma or suspect a nonpenetrating wound, it is important to seek medical care to assess the extent of the injury and receive appropriate treatment.

Multiple trauma, also known as polytrauma, is a medical term used to describe severe injuries to the body that are sustained in more than one place or region. It often involves damage to multiple organ systems and can be caused by various incidents such as traffic accidents, falls from significant heights, high-energy collisions, or violent acts.

The injuries sustained in multiple trauma may include fractures, head injuries, internal bleeding, chest and abdominal injuries, and soft tissue injuries. These injuries can lead to a complex medical situation requiring immediate and ongoing care from a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals, including emergency physicians, trauma surgeons, critical care specialists, nurses, rehabilitation therapists, and mental health providers.

Multiple trauma is a serious condition that can result in long-term disability or even death if not treated promptly and effectively.

The Injury Severity Score (ISS) is a medical scoring system used to assess the severity of trauma in patients with multiple injuries. It's based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS), which classifies each injury by body region on a scale from 1 (minor) to 6 (maximum severity).

The ISS is calculated by summing the squares of the highest AIS score in each of the three most severely injured body regions. The possible ISS ranges from 0 to 75, with higher scores indicating more severe injuries. An ISS over 15 is generally considered a significant injury, and an ISS over 25 is associated with a high risk of mortality. It's important to note that the ISS has limitations, as it doesn't consider the number or type of injuries within each body region, only the most severe one.

Traffic accidents are incidents that occur when a vehicle collides with another vehicle, a pedestrian, an animal, or a stationary object, resulting in damage or injury. These accidents can be caused by various factors such as driver error, distracted driving, drunk driving, speeding, reckless driving, poor road conditions, and adverse weather conditions. Traffic accidents can range from minor fender benders to severe crashes that result in serious injuries or fatalities. They are a significant public health concern and cause a substantial burden on healthcare systems, emergency services, and society as a whole.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Seat Belts" are not a medical term. They are an automotive safety device designed to secure the occupants of a vehicle against harmful movement that may result during a collision or a sudden stop. Seat belts are typically made of webbing material and consist of a lap belt that goes across the hips and a shoulder belt that goes over the shoulder and chest. When used correctly, seat belts help to reduce the risk of serious injury or death in automobile accidents.

Thoracic injuries refer to damages or traumas that occur in the thorax, which is the part of the body that contains the chest cavity. The thorax houses vital organs such as the heart, lungs, esophagus, trachea, and major blood vessels. Thoracic injuries can range from blunt trauma, caused by impacts or compressions, to penetrating trauma, resulting from stabbing or gunshot wounds. These injuries may cause various complications, including but not limited to:

1. Hemothorax - bleeding into the chest cavity
2. Pneumothorax - collapsed lung due to air accumulation in the chest cavity
3. Tension pneumothorax - a life-threatening condition where trapped air puts pressure on the heart and lungs, impairing their function
4. Cardiac tamponade - compression of the heart caused by blood or fluid accumulation in the pericardial sac
5. Rib fractures, which can lead to complications like punctured lungs or internal bleeding
6. Tracheobronchial injuries, causing air leaks and difficulty breathing
7. Great vessel injuries, potentially leading to massive hemorrhage and hemodynamic instability

Immediate medical attention is required for thoracic injuries, as they can quickly become life-threatening due to the vital organs involved. Treatment may include surgery, chest tubes, medications, or supportive care, depending on the severity and type of injury.

Penetrating wounds are a type of traumatic injury that occurs when an object pierces through the skin and underlying tissues, creating a hole or cavity in the body. These wounds can vary in severity, depending on the size and shape of the object, as well as the location and depth of the wound.

Penetrating wounds are typically caused by sharp objects such as knives, bullets, or glass. They can damage internal organs, blood vessels, nerves, and bones, leading to serious complications such as bleeding, infection, organ failure, and even death if not treated promptly and properly.

The management of penetrating wounds involves a thorough assessment of the wound and surrounding tissues, as well as the identification and treatment of any associated injuries or complications. This may include wound cleaning and closure, antibiotics to prevent infection, pain management, and surgery to repair damaged structures. In some cases, hospitalization and close monitoring may be necessary to ensure proper healing and recovery.

A child restraint system (CRS) is a device designed to protect children from harm during vehicle collisions. Also known as child safety seats or car seats, CRSs are typically composed of a frame, cushioning, and harnesses or shields to secure the child in place. They are required by law in many jurisdictions and are an important part of keeping children safe while traveling in vehicles.

CRSs are designed to be used in conjunction with vehicle seat belts, and they come in a variety of sizes and styles to accommodate children of different ages, weights, and heights. Infant seats are designed for newborns and small babies, and they typically face the rear of the vehicle. Convertible seats can be used in both rear-facing and forward-facing positions, and they are suitable for larger infants and toddlers. Booster seats are designed for older children who have outgrown their convertible seats but are not yet large enough to use a seat belt alone.

When installing a CRS, it is important to follow the manufacturer's instructions carefully to ensure that it is used correctly. The harness or shield should be adjusted to fit snugly against the child's body, and the CRS should be secured tightly in the vehicle using the seat belt or LATCH system. It is also important to make sure that the CRS is positioned at the correct angle to prevent the child's head from flopping forward during a collision.

CRSs have been shown to be highly effective in reducing the risk of injury and death in vehicle crashes. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), the use of CRSs reduces the risk of fatal injury by 71% for infants and 54% for toddlers. However, it is important to note that CRSs are not foolproof, and they should be used in conjunction with other safety measures, such as seat belts and airbags, to provide maximum protection for children in vehicles.

The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) is a standardized system used by healthcare professionals to classify the severity of traumatic injuries. The scale assigns a score from 1 to 6 to each injury, with 1 indicating minor injuries and 6 indicating maximal severity or currently untreatable injuries.

The AIS scores are based on anatomical location, type of injury, and physiological response to the injury. For example, a simple fracture may be assigned an AIS score of 2, while a life-threatening head injury may be assigned a score of 5 or 6.

The AIS is used in conjunction with other scoring systems, such as the Injury Severity Score (ISS) and the New Injury Severity Score (NISS), to assess the overall severity of injuries sustained in a traumatic event. These scores can help healthcare professionals make informed decisions about patient care, triage, and resource allocation.

A wound is a type of injury that occurs when the skin or other tissues are cut, pierced, torn, or otherwise broken. Wounds can be caused by a variety of factors, including accidents, violence, surgery, or certain medical conditions. There are several different types of wounds, including:

* Incisions: These are cuts that are made deliberately, often during surgery. They are usually straight and clean.
* Lacerations: These are tears in the skin or other tissues. They can be irregular and jagged.
* Abrasions: These occur when the top layer of skin is scraped off. They may look like a bruise or a scab.
* Punctures: These are wounds that are caused by sharp objects, such as needles or knives. They are usually small and deep.
* Avulsions: These occur when tissue is forcibly torn away from the body. They can be very serious and require immediate medical attention.

Injuries refer to any harm or damage to the body, including wounds. Injuries can range from minor scrapes and bruises to more severe injuries such as fractures, dislocations, and head trauma. It is important to seek medical attention for any injury that is causing significant pain, swelling, or bleeding, or if there is a suspected bone fracture or head injury.

In general, wounds and injuries should be cleaned and covered with a sterile bandage to prevent infection. Depending on the severity of the wound or injury, additional medical treatment may be necessary. This may include stitches for deep cuts, immobilization for broken bones, or surgery for more serious injuries. It is important to follow your healthcare provider's instructions carefully to ensure proper healing and to prevent complications.

A laparotomy is a surgical procedure that involves making an incision in the abdominal wall to gain access to the abdominal cavity. This procedure is typically performed to diagnose and treat various conditions such as abdominal trauma, tumors, infections, or inflammatory diseases. The size of the incision can vary depending on the reason for the surgery and the extent of the condition being treated. Once the procedure is complete, the incision is closed with sutures or staples.

The term "laparotomy" comes from the Greek words "lapara," which means "flank" or "side," and "tome," which means "to cut." Together, they describe the surgical procedure that involves cutting into the abdomen to examine its contents.

Gunshot wounds are defined as traumatic injuries caused by the penetration of bullets or other projectiles fired from firearms into the body. The severity and extent of damage depend on various factors such as the type of firearm used, the distance between the muzzle and the victim, the size and shape of the bullet, and its velocity.

Gunshot wounds can be classified into two main categories:

1. Penetrating gunshot wounds: These occur when a bullet enters the body but does not exit, causing damage to the organs, tissues, and blood vessels along its path.

2. Perforating gunshot wounds: These happen when a bullet enters and exits the body, creating an entry and exit wound, causing damage to the structures it traverses.

Based on the mechanism of injury, gunshot wounds can also be categorized into low-velocity (less than 1000 feet per second) and high-velocity (greater than 1000 feet per second) injuries. High-velocity gunshot wounds are more likely to cause extensive tissue damage due to the transfer of kinetic energy from the bullet to the surrounding tissues.

Immediate medical attention is required for individuals with gunshot wounds, as they may experience significant blood loss, infection, and potential long-term complications such as organ dysfunction or disability. Treatment typically involves surgical intervention to control bleeding, remove foreign material, repair damaged structures, and manage infections if present.

A stab wound is a type of penetrating trauma to the body caused by a sharp object such as a knife or screwdriver. The injury may be classified as either a stabbing or a puncture wound, depending on the nature of the object and the manner in which it was inflicted. Stab wounds typically involve a forceful thrusting motion, which can result in damage to internal organs, blood vessels, and other structures.

The depth and severity of a stab wound depend on several factors, including the type and length of the weapon used, the angle and force of the strike, and the location of the wound on the body. Stab wounds to vital areas such as the chest or abdomen can be particularly dangerous due to the risk of internal bleeding and infection.

Immediate medical attention is required for stab wounds, even if they appear minor at first glance. Treatment may involve wound cleaning, suturing, antibiotics, and in some cases, surgery to repair damaged tissues or organs. In severe cases, stab wounds can lead to shock, organ failure, and even death if left untreated.

A brain injury is defined as damage to the brain that occurs following an external force or trauma, such as a blow to the head, a fall, or a motor vehicle accident. Brain injuries can also result from internal conditions, such as lack of oxygen or a stroke. There are two main types of brain injuries: traumatic and acquired.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused by an external force that results in the brain moving within the skull or the skull being fractured. Mild TBIs may result in temporary symptoms such as headaches, confusion, and memory loss, while severe TBIs can cause long-term complications, including physical, cognitive, and emotional impairments.

Acquired brain injury (ABI) is any injury to the brain that occurs after birth and is not hereditary, congenital, or degenerative. ABIs are often caused by medical conditions such as strokes, tumors, anoxia (lack of oxygen), or infections.

Both TBIs and ABIs can range from mild to severe and may result in a variety of physical, cognitive, and emotional symptoms that can impact a person's ability to perform daily activities and function independently. Treatment for brain injuries typically involves a multidisciplinary approach, including medical management, rehabilitation, and supportive care.

Athletic injuries are damages or injuries to the body that occur while participating in sports, physical activities, or exercise. These injuries can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

1. Trauma: Direct blows, falls, collisions, or crushing injuries can cause fractures, dislocations, contusions, lacerations, or concussions.
2. Overuse: Repetitive motions or stress on a particular body part can lead to injuries such as tendonitis, stress fractures, or muscle strains.
3. Poor technique: Using incorrect form or technique during exercise or sports can put additional stress on muscles, joints, and ligaments, leading to injury.
4. Inadequate warm-up or cool-down: Failing to properly prepare the body for physical activity or neglecting to cool down afterwards can increase the risk of injury.
5. Lack of fitness or flexibility: Insufficient strength, endurance, or flexibility can make individuals more susceptible to injuries during sports and exercise.
6. Environmental factors: Extreme weather conditions, poor field or court surfaces, or inadequate equipment can contribute to the risk of athletic injuries.

Common athletic injuries include ankle sprains, knee injuries, shoulder dislocations, tennis elbow, shin splints, and concussions. Proper training, warm-up and cool-down routines, use of appropriate protective gear, and attention to technique can help prevent many athletic injuries.

Spinal cord injuries (SCI) refer to damage to the spinal cord that results in a loss of function, such as mobility or feeling. This injury can be caused by direct trauma to the spine or by indirect damage resulting from disease or degeneration of surrounding bones, tissues, or blood vessels. The location and severity of the injury on the spinal cord will determine which parts of the body are affected and to what extent.

The effects of SCI can range from mild sensory changes to severe paralysis, including loss of motor function, autonomic dysfunction, and possible changes in sensation, strength, and reflexes below the level of injury. These injuries are typically classified as complete or incomplete, depending on whether there is any remaining function below the level of injury.

Immediate medical attention is crucial for spinal cord injuries to prevent further damage and improve the chances of recovery. Treatment usually involves immobilization of the spine, medications to reduce swelling and pressure, surgery to stabilize the spine, and rehabilitation to help regain lost function. Despite advances in treatment, SCI can have a significant impact on a person's quality of life and ability to perform daily activities.

Reperfusion injury is a complex pathophysiological process that occurs when blood flow is restored to previously ischemic tissues, leading to further tissue damage. This phenomenon can occur in various clinical settings such as myocardial infarction (heart attack), stroke, or peripheral artery disease after an intervention aimed at restoring perfusion.

The restoration of blood flow leads to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammatory mediators, which can cause oxidative stress, cellular damage, and activation of the immune system. This results in a cascade of events that may lead to microvascular dysfunction, capillary leakage, and tissue edema, further exacerbating the injury.

Reperfusion injury is an important consideration in the management of ischemic events, as interventions aimed at restoring blood flow must be carefully balanced with potential harm from reperfusion injury. Strategies to mitigate reperfusion injury include ischemic preconditioning (exposing the tissue to short periods of ischemia before a prolonged ischemic event), ischemic postconditioning (applying brief periods of ischemia and reperfusion after restoring blood flow), remote ischemic preconditioning (ischemia applied to a distant organ or tissue to protect the target organ), and pharmacological interventions that scavenge ROS, reduce inflammation, or improve microvascular function.

Retrospective studies, also known as retrospective research or looking back studies, are a type of observational study that examines data from the past to draw conclusions about possible causal relationships between risk factors and outcomes. In these studies, researchers analyze existing records, medical charts, or previously collected data to test a hypothesis or answer a specific research question.

Retrospective studies can be useful for generating hypotheses and identifying trends, but they have limitations compared to prospective studies, which follow participants forward in time from exposure to outcome. Retrospective studies are subject to biases such as recall bias, selection bias, and information bias, which can affect the validity of the results. Therefore, retrospective studies should be interpreted with caution and used primarily to generate hypotheses for further testing in prospective studies.

Seat belts reduce the incidence of injuries such as head injury and chest injury, but present a threat to such abdominal organs ... Falls and sports are also frequent mechanisms of abdominal injury in children. Abdominal injury may result from child abuse and ... Abdominal trauma is an injury to the abdomen. Signs and symptoms include abdominal pain, tenderness, rigidity, and bruising of ... Injuries associated with intra-abdominal trauma include rib fractures, vertebral fractures, pelvic fractures, and injuries to ...
Pancreatic injuries occur in under 5% of blunt abdominal trauma cases. The severity of pancreatic injury depends primarily on ... Injuries to the nervous system include brain injury, spinal cord injury, and nerve injury. Trauma to the brain causes traumatic ... Injuries to the gallbladder are typically associated with injuries to other abdominal organs. The intestines are susceptible to ... Abdominal injuries are typically caused by traffic accidents, assaults, falls, and work-related injuries, and physical ...
Liver injuries constitute 5% of all traumas, making it the most common abdominal injury. Generally nonoperative management and ... In the 1880s a severe liver injury would in most cases prove fatal in the first 24 hours after sustaining the injury. Before ... Common causes of this type of injury are blunt force mechanisms such as motor vehicle accidents, falls, and sports injuries. ... A large majority of people who sustain this injury also have another accompanying injury. Imaging, such as the use of ...
Injury. 35 (3): 299-308. doi:10.1016/s0020-1383(03)00063-9. PMID 15124800. Pringle, J. H. (1916). "The interpelvi-abdominal ... Pringle's casebooks demonstrate the standard skull charts he devised for the recording of head injuries and the precise site ... In describing his experience in dealing with liver injury he observed that portal triad occlusion controlled the bleeding from ... 1910 Pringle, J. H. (1909). "Some Notes on the Interpelvi-Abdominal Amputation, with a Report of Three Cases". The Lancet. 173 ...
Affected by an abdominal injury in her first Olympics, May finished fifth with partner Holly McPeak in the 2000 Sydney Olympics ... Springer, Steve (August 13, 2004). "May shrugs off abdominal injury". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 18, 2008. "SUMMER ...
Abdullah F, Nuernberg A, Rabinovici R (January 2003). "Self-inflicted abdominal stab wounds". Injury. 34 (1): 35-9. doi:10.1016 ... Oyo-Ita, Angela; Chinnock, Paul; Ikpeme, Ikpeme A. (2015-11-13). "Surgical versus non-surgical management of abdominal injury ... Stab wounds can result from self-infliction, accidental nail gun injuries, and stingray injuries, however, most stab wounds are ... ISBN 978-0-07-178184-8. Jodati, A.; Safaei, N.; Toufan, M.; Kazemi, B. (2011). "A unique nail gun injury to the heart with a ...
"Blunt abdominal trauma patients are at very low risk for intra-abdominal injury after emergency department observation". West J ... The priority in assessing blunt trauma in sports injuries is separating contusions and musculo-tendinous injuries from injuries ... "The utility of seat belt signs to predict intra-abdominal injury following motor vehicle crashes". Traffic Injury Prevention. ... Blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) represents 75% of all blunt trauma and is the most common example of this injury. 75% of BAT ...
The oblique strain is a common baseball injury, particularly in pitchers. In both batters and pitchers it can affect the ... Lumbar triangle External abdominal oblique muscle. Anterior abdominal wall. Deep dissection. Anterior view. This article ... The abdominal external oblique muscle (also external oblique muscle, or exterior oblique) is the largest and outermost of the ... Posterior part of abdominal external oblique muscle labeled. The subcutaneous inguinal ring. Transverse section through the ...
Olamide David, 14, Nigerian actor, abdominal injury. Melvin Day, 92, New Zealand artist. Jo de Winter, 94, American actress ( ... David G. Hartwell, 74, American editor, publisher and critic, injuries from a fall. Hung-ta Chang, 102, Chinese botanist. Brian ... George Alexandru, 58, Romanian theater and film actor, complications from an abdominal infection. Fazu Aliyeva, 83, Russian ... Black, 53, British singer-songwriter ("Wonderful Life"), head injuries sustained in a traffic collision. Bernard Cookson, 79, ...
This resulted in an internal abdominal injury. He was transferred to a Mumbai hospital, where according to the actor, he went ... Due to Bachchan's injury, the ending was also changed. The original script showed Amitabh dying after Kader Khan shot him. But ... The film is also infamous for a fight scene with co-star Puneet Issar, during which Bachchan had a near-fatal injury due to a ... Despite the critical injury, Bachchan recovered remarkably and resumed shooting on 7 January 1983. In the final cut of the film ...
It is defined classically as a seat belt sign (seat belt marks on the body) plus an intra-abdominal organ injury (e.g. bowel ... It is indicative of an internal injury in as many as 30% of cases seen in the emergency department. Disruption of the abdominal ... Wotherspoon, Sonya; Chu, Kevin; Brown, Anthony FT (1 March 2001). "Abdominal injury and the seat‐belt sign". Emergency Medicine ... Apart from the medical aspects of injury, there are some legal issues associated with seat belt injuries. If your seat belt ...
Other associated injuries that may occur include damage to blood vessels in the chest, myocardial rupture, head and abdominal ... The injury can also occur when the chest suddenly flexes, in the absence of an impact. In the case of an injury sustained ... Management involves treating associated injuries; people with sternal fractures but no other injuries do not need to be ... Guilt published a handbook recording sternal fractures as a rare injury found in severe trauma. The injury became more common ...
He sustained a catastrophic abdominal and spinal injury. While still on the battlefield, he said simply, "They got me in the ... Leighton underwent emergency abdominal surgery at Louvencourt. However, he survived only a short time, dying of his wounds on ...
Brière was kept out of the lineup for 32 games due to an abdominal injury suffered in January that required surgery and a two- ... "Flyers dealt blow by Briere's abdominal injury". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. October 24, 2008. Retrieved November 12, ... Less than a month into the 2008-09 season, on October 22, Brière suffered another abdominal tear requiring surgery. He was ... "Flyer C Briere out a month with groin injury". Sporting News. December 3, 2008. Retrieved December 5, 2008.[permanent dead link ...
Yet, CT scan is the best alternative for diagnosing intra-abdominal injury. Computed tomography provides an overall better ... Abdominal x-ray is therefore not recommended for adults with acute abdominal pain presenting in the emergency department. The ... Suspected abdominal mass In suspected intussusception, an abdominal x-ray does not exclude intussusception but is useful in the ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Abdominal X-rays. X-ray Acute abdomen Abdominal pain Medical imaging Chest x-ray ...
Trollope, Matt (16 January 2020). "De Minaur out of AO2020 with abdominal injury". Retrieved 7 May 2021. "De ... He also withdrew from the Australian Open due to the same injury. De Minaur returned from injury in February and played at the ... Following the Australian Open, de Minaur suffered a groin injury, sidelining him for two months. At Wimbledon, De Minaur won ... He withdrew from the first edition of the Adelaide International due to an abdominal strain. ...
Bristol, Wright, 1930 The Abdominal Injuries of Warfare. Bristol, Wright, 1939. Sir Charles Bell, his life and times, with E A ... War injuries of the chest and abdomen. Br. J. Surg., Supplement 3., 1955. Cecil Wakeley, 'Taylor, Sir Gordon Gordon- (1878-1960 ...
One of them had suffered an abdominal injury. The professor criticized Jacobson for writing about a character with an abdominal ... Due to an injury Jacobson was forced to leave the medical field. Jacobson is known for his depth of research with the FBI's ... He practiced for nearly nine years but his career was cut short when an injury to his wrists forced him to take an ... If you were going to write about something like war and abdominal wounds, you needed to know what you were talking about. While ...
Richard Gasquet (withdrew due to abdominal injury) 11. John Isner (third round) 12. Jo-Wilfried Tsonga (first round) 13. ... Rafael Nadal was the reigning champion, but withdrew due to a right wrist injury. The top eight seeds receive a bye into the ... Nick Kyrgios (withdrew due to left forearm injury) 05. Bernard Tomic (qualified) 06. Tobias Kamke (first round) 07. Blaž Rola ( ...
Ridley suffered an abdominal injury during the game and was ruled out for the rest of the season. Overall, Ridley finished the ... "WR Ridley out for season with abdominal injury". December 9, 2019. Retrieved December 9, 2019. "Calvin Ridley 2019 ... McElhaney, Tori (November 5, 2021). "The Falcons place Calvin Ridley on the non-football injury list". ...
Arenas battled a strained abdominal muscle injury all season. Arenas teamed up with shooting guard Larry Hughes (22.0 points ... But my intentions are not to leave." Arenas only played eight games during the 2007-08 season, due to a knee injury, before he ... Due to the lingering injuries from April 2007, Arenas would not make his season debut until March 28, 2009, scoring 15 points ...
Ramsey was furthermore affected by a recurring abdominal injury. His preference for ball play rather than simply clearing it ... On 3 March 1945, against Luton Town at the Dell, Ramsey was switched to inside-left because of injuries elsewhere in the team; ... Ramsey missed matches during the 1954-55 season through injury, and in April 1955 suffered what he called "a terrible roasting ... he was left out of the squad for a match against Wales in October 1953 because of injury. He was reinstated for the following ...
Shortly after feeling well enough to return, Hoskins aggravated the abdominal injury, and was placed back on the injured list, ... "Phillies' Rhys Hoskins out for season with abdominal injury". The Athletic. August 26, 2021. Retrieved August 28, 2021. "Rhys ... Hoskins sustained an abdominal tear during the course of the 2021 season. He was placed on the injured list due to a left groin ... On March 29, 2023, Hoskins was placed on the 60-day injury list in order to make room on the 40-man roster to add Cristian ...
Barrett, Cassie; Smith, Danny (August 2012). "Recognition and management of abdominal injuries at athletic events". ... Injuries of abdomen, lower back, lumbar spine and pelvis, Sports injuries). ... McGown, Andy T. (2004-01-01). "Blunt Abdominal and Chest Trauma". International Journal of Athletic Therapy and Training. 9 (1 ... Intravia, Jessica M.; DeBerardino, Thomas M. (2013-04-01). "Evaluation of Blunt Abdominal Trauma". Clinics in Sports Medicine. ...
Lack of abdominal development reduces overall strength of movement. Stamina is reduced, and the back is predisposed to injury. ... The horse will wing in, possibly leading to an interference injury or overload injury of the splint bone. Base wide, toed-in: ... injury to the sesamoid bones is likely. Weakness to supporting ligaments due to post leg or injury to suspensory will result in ... Strong abdominals go with a strong back, which is suitable for carrying a rider's weight and engaging the haunches. Should not ...
Brown: Tending to abdominal injury". October 4, 2023. Retrieved October 5, 2023. ... Brown would visit training staff with an ankle injury. This injury would cause St. Brown to miss their Week 4 matchup against ... He started the 2023 season with injuries that caused him to miss the fourth quarter of their Week 2 game. Pro Bowl selection ( ... Brown dealing with ankle injury in Week 3 vs. Vikings". Archived from the original on December 25, ...
Nadal returned to Wimbledon for the first time in three years; however he incurred an abdominal injury during the tournament. ... Nadal, on the other hand, was upset in the second round, partially due to a hip injury sustained during the match. That injury ... Federer was unable to compete due to a persistent knee injury while Nadal returned to compete, after a lengthy six-month injury ... A back injury ended Murray's season prematurely, but he finished fourth in the rankings and was the only player besides Nadal ...
Rafael Nadal (withdrew due to abdominal injury) 02. Novak Djokovic (final) 03. Roger Federer (semifinals) 04. Alexander Zverev ... Kyle Edmund (withdrew due to knee injury) 13. Fabio Fognini (third round) 14. Stefanos Tsitsipas (second round) 15. Diego ...
Ureteral injury is not uncommon and occurs in 0.2 per 1,000 cases of vaginal hysterectomy and 1.3 per 1,000 cases of abdominal ... The injury usually occurs in the distal ureter close to the infundibulopelvic ligament or as a ureter crosses below the uterine ... The first abdominal hysterectomy recorded was by Ephraim McDowell. He performed the procedure in 1809 for a mother of five for ... Hormonal effects or injury of the ureter were considered as possible explanations. In some cases the renal cell carcinoma may ...
Abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting. Lightheadedness, confusion, headaches, loss of consciousness. High spinal injuries may ... Abdominal compartment syndrome defined as an increase in intra-abdominal pressure to > 20 mmHg with organ dysfunction. ... the current evidence supports limiting the use of fluids for penetrating thorax and abdominal injuries allowing mild ... "Results from the International Conference of Experts on Intra-abdominal Hypertension and Abdominal Compartment Syndrome. II. ...
On January 13, 2022, he underwent surgery for an abdominal injury and was ruled out 6-8 weeks. On February 10, Blazers interim ... "Damian Lillard 'Most Likely' Done for Season with Abdominal Injury, Blazers GM Says". Bleacher Report. Archived from the ... Windhorst, Brian (January 12, 2022). "Portland Trail Blazers' Damian Lillard has surgery for abdominal injury". ... On January 30, Lillard was selected to his fifth All-Star nod but was unable to participate due to a groin injury. He missed ...
"Minor abdominal injury to Ferguson depletes New Zealand further for tri-series". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 8 October 2022. Nurul ... Lockie Ferguson was ruled out due to an abdominal injury. Source: ESPNcricinfo Advanced to the final Bangladesh won the toss ...
Injuries to major abdominal vessels are uncommon but highly lethal vascular crises. Predictably, exsanguinating hemorrhage is ... encoded search term (Abdominal Vascular Injuries) and Abdominal Vascular Injuries What to Read Next on Medscape ... Abdominal vascular injuries. Tangential gunshot injury to the inferior vena cava repaired by means of lateral venorrhaphy ( ... Abdominal vascular injuries. Tangential gunshot injury to the inferior vena cava repaired by means of lateral venorrhaphy ( ...
What theyre saying: I think its obvious that if I keep going the injury is going to be worse and worse, and thats the thing ... Why it matters: The 22-time majors champion withdrew due to an abdominal tear, ending his hopes of a calendar-year Grand Slam. ... Driving the news: The Spaniard beat American Taylor Fritz on Wednesday in five sets but needed to call a trainer for his injury ...
Seahawks running back Marshawn Lynch will travel to Philadelphia this week to try to learn more about his abdominal injury. ... Seahawks running back Marshawn Lynch will travel to Philadelphia this week to try to learn more about his abdominal injury. Nov ... Marshawn Lynch did not play in Sundays 29-13 victory over the San Francisco 49ers because of an abdominal injury, and now the ... Week 13 Injury Report: Seahawks at Cowboys Details on the Seahawks injury situation heading into their Week 13 matchup against ...
Background: Thoraco-abdominal impalement injuries are rare. Very few cases are reported in literature. There are no set ... ROLE OF ENDOSCOPY IN THORACO ABDOMINAL IMPALEMENT INJURY. Ajay H Bhandarwar, MS, FMAS, FIAGES, FAIS, FICS, FBMS, FLCS, Shekhar ... We present this case of thoraco-abdominal rod impalement injury. Experience regarding role of endoscopy in management is not ... Objective: To share our experience of role of endoscopy in management of thoraco-abdominal rod impalement injury. ...
Learn what to do if someone suffers an injury to their abdomen. ... An abdominal injury can cause serious damage to internal organs ... Look for injuries such as a bad cut, or bruises around the persons belly button or sides. Bruises may be a sign of bleeding ... A person could be bleeding internally if they have an injury to their abdomen (their tummy or stomach area) and may need urgent ... If the person is unconscious and you need to check for injuries or give lifesaving first aid, then dont delay. ...
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Centers RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
Overview of Abdominal Trauma - Etiology, pathophysiology, symptoms, signs, diagnosis & prognosis from the MSD Manuals - Medical ... Splenic hematomas Splenic Injury Splenic injury usually results from blunt abdominal trauma. Patients often have abdominal pain ... Pain from splenic injury Splenic Injury Splenic injury usually results from blunt abdominal trauma. Patients often have ... spleen Splenic Injury Splenic injury usually results from blunt abdominal trauma. Patients often have abdominal pain, sometimes ...
In [patients with anterior abdominal stab wounds] does [laparoscopy] reliably detect [intra-abdominal injury / peritoneal ... Laparoscopy as method for injury detection in anterior abdominal stab wounds. * Report By: Laura Morrow - ST1 Emergency ...
... and ICU Clinical Pathway for Children with Blunt Abdominal Solid Organ Injury. Solid Organ Injury Suspected. Patient Cohort. ... The addition of PO contrast does not improve detection of intra-abdominal injury and should be avoided unless directed by the ... Increasing degrees of abdominal tenderness are associated with increased risk of injury ... This pathway is intended to treat children who present to the Emergency Department with suspected solid organ injuries to the ...
Information about the SNOMED CT code 49011004 representing Internal injury of abdominal organ. ... Injury of trunk 48125009. Injury of abdomen 128069005. Abdominal cavity injury 284005003. Internal injury of abdominal organ ... Internal injury of abdominal organs with open wound into cavity 20784007. *Internal injury of abdominal organs without open ... Injury of multiple intra-abdominal organs 212489008. *Injury of multiple intra-abdominal organs without open wound into ...
This study examines whether delayed surgery in abdominal trauma patients resulted in an increase in missed diagnoses. ... Has the pendulum swung too far?; The impact of missed abdominal injuries in the era of nonoperative management. Citation Text: ... This study examines whether delayed surgery in abdominal trauma patients resulted in an increase in missed diagnoses. ... High delayed and missed injury rate after inter-hospital transfer of severely injured trauma patients. ...
493 open and closed thoraco-abdominal or abdomino-thoracic injuries, 114 of them with involvement of the diaphragm. 1956-1975. ...
... and excessive pressure exerted on the abdominal wall. ... Abdominal trauma also called Blunt Abdominal Trauma, or BAT, ... Atlanta Personal Injury Lawyers Discuss Abdominal Compartment Syndrome At Montlick Injury Attorneys, our Atlanta personal ... Catastrophic Injury What Auto Accident Traumatic Brain Injury Victims Need to Know About Their Injury There are few car ... What is Blunt Abdominal Trauma (BAT)?. Abdominal trauma also called Blunt Abdominal Trauma, or BAT, occurs when a persons ...
NO STAR FOR JAPAN: Brett Herbutz also passes Olympic qualifier due to abdominal muscle injury , Yellow tigers. Yetta Claytone ... The Yellow Tiger started the tournament with a minor abdominal muscle injury, but played the first four group stage matches ... She got some rest against Serbia, but the tear in her abdominal muscle was too much for her to take any further risk. ...
... of all injuries and illnesses in the workplace and cost the nation an estimated 20 to 50 billion dollars per year ... Increase Intra-Abdominal Pressure (IAP). While this theory remains controversial, some believe that if the pressure is ... Back injuries account for nearly 20% of all injuries and illnesses in the workplace and cost the nation an estimated 20 to 50 ... Reduce Injuries in Certain Workplaces. There have been anecdotal case reports of injury reduction in workplaces using back ...
Injuries to major abdominal vessels are uncommon but highly lethal vascular crises. Predictably, exsanguinating hemorrhage is ... encoded search term (Abdominal Vascular Injuries) and Abdominal Vascular Injuries What to Read Next on Medscape ... Abdominal vascular injuries. Tangential gunshot injury to the inferior vena cava repaired by means of lateral venorrhaphy ( ... Abdominal vascular injuries. Tangential gunshot injury to the inferior vena cava repaired by means of lateral venorrhaphy ( ...
Early laparotomy and timely reconstruction for patients with abdominal electrical injury: Five Case Reports and Literature ...
Key words: abdominal injuries; hemoperitoneum; sensitivity; specificity; ultrasonography; wounds, nonpenetrating How to cite ... Key words: abdominal injuries; hemoperitoneum; sensitivity; specificity; ultrasonography; wounds, nonpenetrating Reception date ... García Vera C, Ibáñez Pradas V. En pacientes con trauma abdominal cerrado, la ecografía abdominal sólo es prescindible en caso ... García Vera C, Ibáñez Pradas V. En pacientes con trauma abdominal cerrado, la ecografía abdominal sólo es prescindible en caso ...
Increase Intra-Abdominal Pressure (IAP). Remind Workers to Lift Properly. Stiffen the Spine. Reduce Bending Motions. Reduce ... Back injuries account for nearly 20% of all injuries and illnesses in the workplace and cost the nation an estimated 20 to 50 ... Reduce Injuries in Certain Workplaces. There have been anecdotal case reports of injury reduction in workplaces using back ... DO BACK BELTS PREVENT INJURY?. A LACK OF SCIENTIFIC SUPPORT. HOW DID NIOSH COME TO THESE CONCLUSIONS ABOUT BACK BELTS?. WHAT ...
It also refers to injury in the area between the legs, called the perineum. ... It also refers to injury in the area between the legs, called the perineum. ... A genital injury is an injury to male or female sex organs, mainly those outside the body. ... A genital injury is an injury to male or female sex organs, mainly those outside the body. ...
... type of firearm causing injury, presence of large vessel injury and extremity injury, presence of thoracic injury requiring ... Patients aged between 6 months and 17 years who suffered penetrating abdominal firearm injuries (PAFI) as a result of the civil ... Despite improvements in technology and surgical techniques, abdominal injuries caused by firearms in children are traumatic ... In this study, factors affecting mortality and complications in penetrating abdominal firearm injuries caused by high-velocity ...
Abdominal pain *Liver injury * Central nervous system signs and symptoms *Headache *Lethargy ...
Group II, I: Penetrating but occult injuries, need secondary abdominal survey.. Local wound exploration to rule out any ... Classification of Abdominal Stab Wounds. I. Not penetrating the peritoneal cavity.. II. Penetrating but not damaging the organs ... Emergency clinicians manage stab wound (SW) injuries now more than ever. This topic review will discuss the evaluation and ... A-allergies, M- medication, P- past medical experience, L- last oral intake, E- events surrounding the injury (Penetrating ...
Results of an abdominal echogram were normal. Result of a blood film to identify Plasmodium falciparum was positive for ... She had no previous history of needlestick injury. She notified the hospital occupational medicine department of her injury on ... falciparum infection after a needlestick injury may be rare; however, such an injury can be potentially severe in nonimmune ... Microbiological hazards of occupational needlestick and "sharps" injuries. J Appl Bacteriol. 1987;62:385-402.PubMedGoogle ...
In this presentation, we will talk about different imaging patterns of abdominal solid organs injuries and the latest AAST ... Traumatic injuries of the pancreas are uncommon and often difficult to diagnose owing to subtle imaging findings, confounding ... It is important that radiologists be familiar with the liver, spleen and kidney injury grading system based on CT features that ... In the past, patients with blunt trauma underwent laparotomy for detection and potential treatment of traumatic injuries. ...
... or during recovery from abdominal surgeries. Free shipping on orders $100+. Professional pricing available. ... The Thermoskin Abdominal Binder provides even compression and support for abdomen and rib related injuries and may be useful ... The Abdominal Binder can be worn directly after trauma (unlike thermal supports). Support Level: Stabilising / Warmth Level: ... The Thermoskin Abdominal Binder is ONE SIZE FITS MOST. Height: 23cm (9"). Adjustable Length: 60cm-158cm (23.5"-62.5"). How to ...
This review details the evaluation and management of traumatic injuries in pediatric patients and gives some recommendations ... This review details the evaluation and management of traumatic injuries in pediatric patients and gives some recommendations ... Resource limitations in LMICs make it necessary to develop injury prevention strategies and optimize the use of locally ... available resources when injury prevention measures fail. This will lead to the achievement of the best possible outcomes for ...
Imaging of Abdominal and Pelvic Injuries *S. Leschka, H. Alkadhi, L. Husmann, S. Wildermuth ... Traumatic Injuries: Imaging of Peripheral Muskuloskeletal Injuries *M. A. Müller, S. Wildermuth, K. Bohndorf ... Vascular Injuries of the Thorax: Multi-Detector-Row CT and 3D Imaging *H. Alkadhi, S. Leschka, S. Wildermuth ... Imaging of Thoracic Injuries *G. Gavelli, G. Napoli, P. Bertaccini, G. Battista, R. Fattori ...
It can also lead to physical and mental fatigue resulting in errors, injuries, and accidents. ... GI issues such as abdominal pain, constipation, and heartburn. *. Higher rates of heart disease and high blood pressure ...
  • They need immediate resuscitation & exploration of abdominal cavity. (
  • Puncture injuries result in a cavity in the tissue. (
  • Background: Penetrating abdominal trauma (PAT) typically involves the violation of the abdominal cavity by a gun-shot wound (GSW) or stab wound Recently several studies have favored a more conservative approach as opposed to mandatory exploratory laparotomy. (
  • Common injuries include bite wounds, lacerations, facial injury, neck and spinal cord injury (particularly when a smaller animal is shaken by the larger animal), perforation of the abdominal cavity and underlying organs and perforation of the chest cavity.Injuries that result from bite wounds, falls from heights, or other accidents may cause similar signs to those caused by an automobile accident. (
  • The abdominal cavity contains the spleen, liver, bowel, pancreas and kidney (among other organs). (
  • Advances in imaging technologies, in particular for CT, have caused a paradigm shift in the detection and management of abdominal blunt trauma. (
  • In the past, patients with blunt trauma underwent laparotomy for detection and potential treatment of traumatic injuries. (
  • These data suggest that clinical examination of the abdomen is valid in awake and alert blunt trauma patients, regardless of the presence of other injuries. (
  • Injuries to humans can occur intentionally or unintentionally and may be caused by blunt trauma, penetrating trauma, burning, toxic exposure, asphyxiation, or overexertion. (
  • Blunt trauma injuries are caused by the forceful impact of an external object. (
  • Injuries from blunt trauma may cause internal bleeding and bruising from ruptured capillaries beneath the skin, abrasion from scraping against the superficial epidermis, lacerated tears on the skin or internal organs, or bone fractures. (
  • Crush injuries are a severe form of blunt trauma damage that apply large force to a large area over a longer period of time. (
  • An abdominal injury can cause serious damage to internal organs , and a person could bleed to death. (
  • Penetrating trauma to the chest below the fourth intercostal space (or nipple line) should also be evaluated as a potential abdominal wound because of the location of abdominal organs within the chest during the respiratory cycle. (
  • A genital injury is an injury to male or female sex organs, mainly those outside the body. (
  • Such injury can affect the reproductive organs and the bladder and urethra. (
  • Patients ' sociodemographic information, time to surgery , number of abdominal organs injured, type of firearm causing injury , presence of large vessel injury and extremity injury , presence of thoracic injury requiring thoracotomy in addition to laparotomy , colostomy , penetrating abdominal trauma index, pediatric trauma score (PTS), and shock status were evaluated. (
  • Regular physical activity is also crucial, as it helps strengthen the abdominal muscles and improves blood flow to the organs in the abdomen. (
  • When the abdominal organs are healthy, they can efficiently carry out their functions, ensuring proper digestion and nutrient absorption. (
  • If your doctor recommends an abdominal ultrasound for your liver, gallbladder, spleen, or pancreas, eating a fatty meal before the test will limit the technician's view of those organs. (
  • Because of the anatomical position of the major vascular structures in the abdomen, injuries to these vessels have a high probability of association with other major injuries in the abdomen, particularly to the small bowel. (
  • In contrast, approximately 30% of all vascular injuries observed in civilians occur in the abdomen. (
  • A person could be bleeding internally if they have an injury to their abdomen (their tummy or stomach area) and may need urgent help until an ambulance arrives. (
  • injury may be confined to the abdomen or be accompanied by severe, multisystem trauma. (
  • Bladder Trauma External bladder injuries are caused by either blunt or penetrating trauma to the lower abdomen, pelvis, or perineum. (
  • At Montlick Injury Attorneys, our Atlanta personal injury attorneys have represented countless people facing all types of injuries, including a significant proportion of those who sustained trauma to the abdomen. (
  • Adjustable compression and even support for abdomen and rib-related injuries. (
  • The Thermoskin Abdominal Binder provides even compression and support for abdomen and rib related injuries and may be useful during recovery from abdominal surgeries. (
  • 1. Position the abdominal binder over the affected area, either abdomen or ribs. (
  • Given that the abdomen is an important source of occult bleeding, routine use of abdominal CT scans has become increasingly common and has predictably yielded many negative studies as well as finding clinically irrelevant abnormalities. (
  • Prospective randomized trials to find the best prophylactic agent and duration to reduce penetrating injury infections of all the areas we examined (CNS, maxillofacial, thorax, abdomen and orthopedic) are desperately needed and could easily be performed at large trauma centers. (
  • An abdominal aortic aneurysm occurs when the walls of the arteries become weak and bulge out in the part of the aorta that passes through the abdomen. (
  • Low-velocity penetration injuries are caused by sharp objects, such as stab wounds, while high-velocity penetration injuries are caused by ballistic projectiles, such as gunshot wounds or injuries caused by shell fragments. (
  • Abdominal gunshot wounds: an urban trauma centre experience with 300 consecutive patients Ann Surg, Vol 208, 1988, pp 362-370. (
  • The patient is a 44-year-old male with a past medical history significant for intravenous (IV) drug use, candidal endocarditis status (post bioprosthetic aortic valve replacement, 9 years prior to presentation), now in remission who presented with generalized abdominal pain, which started 6 days prior, with associated nausea and vomiting. (
  • The penetrating abdominal trauma index and PTS were found to be effective in predicting mortality and morbidity in pediatric patients with PAFI. (
  • This review details the evaluation and management of traumatic injuries in pediatric patients and gives some recommendations for improvements to trauma care in LMICs. (
  • The addition of PO contrast does not improve detection of intra-abdominal injury and should be avoided unless directed by the Trauma Surgical team. (
  • Majority of impalement injuries are managed by thoracotomy or laparotomy or combined exploration. (
  • Early laparotomy and timely reconstruction for patients with abdominal electrical injury: Five Case Reports and Literature Review elec. (
  • This pathway is intended to treat children who present to the Emergency Department with suspected solid organ injuries to the liver, spleen, or kidney. (
  • It is important that radiologists be familiar with the liver, spleen and kidney injury grading system based on CT features that was established by the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST). (
  • Asuquo ME, Bassey OO, Etiuma AU, Ugare G, Ogbu N. A prospective study of penetrating abdominal trauma at the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Southern Nigeria. (
  • Non-operative management in penetrating abdominal trauma: Is it feasible at a level 11 trauma centre? (
  • Emergency clinicians manage stab wound (SW) injuries now more than ever. (
  • This topic review will discuss the evaluation and management of abdominal stab wounds. (
  • Navsaria PH, Berli JU, Edu S, Nicol AJ, Non-operative management of abdominal stab wounds: an analysis of 186 patients. (
  • Van Brussel M, Van Hee R. Abdominal stab wounds: a five year patient review. (
  • Thoraco-abdominal impalement injuries are rare. (
  • We present this case of thoraco-abdominal rod impalement injury. (
  • To share our experience of role of endoscopy in management of thoraco-abdominal rod impalement injury. (
  • SafetyLit: 493 open and closed thoraco-abdominal or abdomino-thoracic injuries, 114 of them with involvement of the diaphragm. (
  • There are few car accident injuries as devastating as a traumatic brain injury. (
  • The problem is your headache could be no big deal or a warning sign of a traumatic brain injury. (
  • Follow the links below to find WebMD's comprehensive coverage about how an abdominal aortic aneurysm is contracted, how to treat it, and much more. (
  • An abdominal ultrasound is one of the primary tests used to find an abdominal aortic aneurysm. (
  • If you are having an abdominal ultrasound for an aortic aneurysm, your doctor may have you fast (no food or liquid, except water) for 8 to 12 hours before your test. (
  • Traumatic injuries of the pancreas are uncommon and often difficult to diagnose owing to subtle imaging findings, confounding multi-organ injuries, and nonspecific clinical signs. (
  • To our best knowledge, it is the first study that integrated miR-127 and the inflammatory injuries of the pancreas and the lung. (
  • Midline supramesocolic hemorrhage or hematoma (superior to the transverse mesocolon) is usually caused by injury to the suprarenal aorta, the celiac axis, the proximal superior mesenteric artery (SMA), or the proximal renal artery. (
  • Midline inframesocolic hemorrhage or hematoma results from infrarenal aorta or inferior vena cava (IVC) injury (see the image below). (
  • Lateral perirenal hematoma or hemorrhage suggests injury to the renal vessels or kidneys. (
  • Lateral pelvic hematoma or hemorrhage indicates injury to the iliac artery, the iliac vein, or both. (
  • Hepatoduodenal ligament hematoma or hemorrhage indicates injury to the portal vein, the hepatic artery, or both. (
  • Another mechanism of injury is related to a direct crush or blow to the major vessels, resulting in an intimal tear with thrombosis or vessel rupture and hemorrhage. (
  • Hemorrhagic shock from intra-abdominal hemorrhage often leads to metabolic acidosis accompanied by coagulopathy and hypothermia-the so-called lethal triad of trauma. (
  • Lacerations Associated injuries hemorrhage immediately. (
  • Hemorrhage due to low-grade solid organ injury, minor vascular laceration, or hollow viscus laceration is often low-volume, with minimal physiologic consequences. (
  • Abdominal packing and planned reoperation is a lifesaving technique for temporary control of hemorrhage in severely injured patients. (
  • TBS: Total body surface area, IAP: intra-abdominal pressure, IAH: intra-abdominal hypertension, ACS: abdominal compartment syndrome. (
  • She had to leave work early on July 3 because of generalized pain and a temperature of 39°C. The patient's mother is a biologist and was aware that her daughter had sustained a needlestick injury while drawing blood from a patient in whom malaria was suspected. (
  • Lillard has also sat out five previous games due to the same stomach injury, which has been a literal pain since before the season even tipped-off. (
  • Abdominal pain could be the result of internal bruising, but it could also indicate a more serious problem, such as internal bleeding. (
  • If you experience abdominal pain along with abdominal swelling, dizziness, and fainting, you should go to the hospital right away. (
  • Appendicitis affects 5% of Americans, making it the most common cause of acute abdominal pain requiring surgery in the U.S., according to The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. (
  • Sometimes the pain occurs suddenly, and it can be very severe, different from other abdominal pain you've felt before. (
  • Initial vitals were stable and pertinent physical exam findings included open abdominal wall ulcers with multiple scratch marks and lower abdominal pain on palpation. (
  • Abdominal ultrasounds are performed on people who have unexplained abdominal pain or have had abdominal injuries. (
  • You may have some mild discomfort as the wand is moved over the area of your abdominal pain. (
  • This study examines whether delayed surgery in abdominal trauma patients resulted in an increase in missed diagnoses . (
  • Current treatment options for blunt solid organ injuries include non- operative management, angioembolization, and surgery. (
  • Thermoskin is an important adjunct in helping rehabilitate injuries as it allows soft tissue to become fully extensible and more responsive to therapy and exercise following surgery, lay-off or overuse injury. (
  • However, before the CT scan was performed, the surgery resident or attending documented the abdominal exam, specifically "positive" versus "negative" for their concern for intraabdominal injuries. (
  • Lung protective mechanical ventilation significantly improved intraoperative pulmonary oxygenation function and pulmonary compliance in patients experiencing various abdominal laparoscopic surgeries, but it could not ameliorate early postoperative atelectasis and oxygenation function on the first day after surgery. (
  • The commonest organ injury was perforation of the small intestine. (
  • Because there were few studies on the association between workplace use of back belts and injuries, NIOSH also reviewed studies of the relationship between back belt use and forces exerted on the spine during manual lifting. (
  • Increase intra-abdominal pressure (IAP), which may counter the forces on the spine? (
  • The definition of distracting injuries used in this paper came from a 2012 study regarding c-spine clearance in distracting injuries (Rose 2012). (
  • This is dangerous in trauma patients because it may exacerbate a cervical spine injury. (
  • Its use is restricted to those patients in whom cervical spine injury has been excluded. (
  • It also aids in maintaining a healthy weight, as the abdominal muscles provide support to the spine and help in maintaining good posture. (
  • This striking difference between combat and noncombat vascular trauma can be attributed to the low energy of missiles from civilian handguns and the short prehospital transit times in urban settings, which make it more likely that a civilian with penetrating abdominal vascular injury will survive long enough to reach surgical care. (
  • Despite improvements in technology and surgical techniques , abdominal injuries caused by firearms in children are traumatic with high complication rates and mortality . (
  • Although some intraabdominal injuries were identified via CT scan in patients with negative abdominal examinations (with and without distracting injuries), none required urgent surgical intervention or transfusion. (
  • In summary, large advances in morbidity and mortality have been achieved by coupling antimicrobial therapy with aggressive surgical management following penetrating traumatic injury, however, many exciting opportunities exist for providers in the field to improve care and outcomes for patients suffering these terrible injuries. (
  • A review of posttraumatic bowel injuries in Ibadan. (
  • This involves a weakness in the abdominal wall, where bowel can sometimes protrude through, especially with increased pressure (which is why it bulges out when you increase your intraabdominal pressure when doing a sit-up like motion). (
  • On the other hand, poor abdominal health can lead to digestive issues, such as indigestion, acid reflux, or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). (
  • The administration of hydrocodone bitartrate and homatropine methylbromide or other narcotics may obscure the diagnosis or clinical course of patients with acute abdominal conditions. (
  • PORTLAND - Portland Trail Blazers guard Damian Lillard will undergo further evaluation and consultation concerning his lower abdominal tendinopathy, the team announced today. (
  • Traumatic injury is caused by an external object making forceful contact with the body, resulting in a wound. (
  • Perforated injuries result in an entry wound and an exit wound, while puncture wounds result only in an entry wound. (
  • The nature and severity of abdominal injuries vary widely depending on the mechanism and forces involved, thus generalizations about mortality and need for operative repair tend to be misleading. (
  • The Abdominal Trauma Index and mechanism of injury were similar for the two groups. (
  • Under this system, injuries are classified by mechanism of injury, objects/substances producing injury, place of occurrence, activity when injured, the role of human intent, and additional modules. (
  • The actual cause of infection in penetrating trauma injury remains unclear but is likely multifactorial, to include impaired host immune response, the environment of the injury, mechanism of injury and anatomic location. (
  • In these cases, the mechanism of the sudden stop can result in various types of intra-abdominal injuries. (
  • Injuries can occur in any part of the body, and different symptoms are associated with different injuries. (
  • These symptoms could mean your headache is most likely stemming from whiplash, a concussion, or an even more serious head injury. (
  • To find out more about some of the delayed injury symptoms you should watch out for after a car accident, continue reading. (
  • A person who has recently suffered injuries in a car accident frequently experiences an adrenaline rush that obscures their physical symptoms. (
  • They were divided into head injuries, torso injuries, and long bone fractures. (
  • Furthermore, narcotics produce adverse reactions which may obscure the clinical course of patients with head injuries. (
  • Injuries can include head injuries, spinal cord injuries, broken bones, pulmonary contusions and internal bleeding. (
  • Head injuries can result in coma, dementia, seizures or death. (
  • Head injuries are responsible for most fatalities and long-term disabilities associated with bicycling. (
  • While such systems are currently unfeasible in many LMICs, it is essential that capabilities for managing acute onset, severe but reversible disease and injuries are available in any country around the world ( 8 ). (
  • Ingestion of sodium hydroxide can cause severe corrosive injury to the lips, tongue, oral mucosa, esophagus, and stomach. (
  • Major trauma is a severe traumatic injury that has the potential to cause disability or death. (
  • The severity of the injury is divided into three grades-Grade I (mild), Grade II (moderate), and Grade III (severe). (
  • Lung injury (LI) is commonly involved in 15%~60% of severe AP, and severe LI is likely to trigger acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and respiratory failure (RF). (
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that the top five etiologies for unintentional injuries are road traffic accidents (RTAs), falls, burns, drowning and poisoning ( 3 - 6 ) (Figure 1 ). (
  • No patients were excluded on basis of intoxication or number/severity of distracting injuries. (
  • The injury severity score (ISS) is a medical score to assess trauma severity. (
  • Penetrating injuries may or may not penetrate the peritoneum and, even if they do, they may not cause organ injury. (
  • Blunt injury may alternatively cause only a hematoma in a solid organ or the wall of a hollow viscus. (
  • Imaging in Abdominal Trauma: Solid Organ Injuries', Iranian Congress of Radiology , 38(2), pp. 56-56. (
  • Carrick MM, Morrison CA, Pham HQ, Norman MA, Marvin B, Lee J, Wall MJ, Mattox KL " Modern management of traumatic subclavian artery injuries: a single institution's experience in the evolution of endovascular repair. . (
  • Graham JM, Mattox KL, Feliciano DV, DeBakey ME " Vascular injuries of the axilla. . (
  • Extrahepatic bile duct injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy -- own material. (
  • Driven into the ground by a defender and later seen pointing to the right side of his chest, Brees was ruled out with a rib injury. (
  • These are significant injuries and Brees will miss multiple weeks as his chest recovers. (
  • Animals with chest injuries require one to two weeks of exercise restriction. (
  • Patients who experience significant deceleration often have injuries to other parts of the body, including the thoracic aorta. (
  • Other, usually larger, animals may attack pets causing serious trauma or injury. (
  • This type of injury most typically arises in car accidents, especially those involving high speeds, where the force of the crash causes the body to propel sideways or forward, either into a seatbelt, the steering wheel, dashboard, or the frame of the actual vehicle. (
  • It can also lead to physical and mental fatigue resulting in errors, injuries, and accidents. (
  • Traffic accidents are the most common form of deadly injury, causing about one-third of injury-related deaths. (
  • If the cyclist does not land on an outstretched hand or on the top of the shoulder, facial injuries are the next type of injury that may occur in cycling accidents. (
  • In this study, factors affecting mortality and complications in penetrating abdominal firearm injuries caused by high-velocity bullets and shrapnel in children as a result of the civil war in Syria were evaluated. (
  • Patients underwent abdominal CT scanning routinely, as prior to the study. (
  • Additionally, managing stress levels and getting enough sleep are important factors in maintaining abdominal health, as stress and lack of sleep can disrupt digestion and contribute to abdominal discomfort. (
  • Total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) involves the removal of both the body of the uterus and the cervix whereas subtotal abdominal hysterectomy (SAH) conserves the cervix [5]. (
  • This injury involves the separation of the acromion (A) (part of the scapula or shoulder blade) from the clavicle (C) or the collarbone. (
  • Intentional injuries may be acts of violence against others or self-inflicted against one's own person. (
  • Therefore, any issues or imbalances in the abdominal region can have a profound impact on one's health. (
  • Certain types of injuries are more common in developed countries or developing countries. (
  • Studies on these types of injuries found that external bruising is a strong indicator for internal injury. (
  • Medical evaluation in these types of injuries is critical. (
  • Penetrating injuries directly disrupt the vessel wall or create intimal flaps secondary to the blast effect. (
  • Group II, I: Penetrating but occult injuries, need secondary abdominal survey. (
  • Under this system injuries are classified by nature, part of body affected, source and secondary source, and event or exposure. (
  • Risk factors for mortality and morbidity in Syrian refugee children with penetrating abdominal firearm injuries: an 1-year experience. (
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the abscess, sepsis, and mortality rates associated with duration of abdominal packing. (
  • Based on these results, we conclude that although abdominal packing is a useful technique in the severely injured patient, it is associated with greater morbidity and mortality when the duration of packing exceeds 72 hours. (
  • 2.3% of this cohort had intraabdominal injuries on CT. (
  • Distracting injuries do not seem to diminish the efficacy of clinical abdominal examination for the diagnosis of clinically significant abdominal injury. (
  • The nerves, muscles, ligaments, and tendons in the neck and shoulder can be injured during a car collision, and these injuries are not necessarily apparent right away. (
  • The incidence of abdominal vascular injuries in military conflicts is surprisingly low: generally less than 5% of all vascular injuries. (
  • A prospective trial is not feasible in military patients owing to dangerous conditions of injury but a trial examining infection pathogenesis and bacterial pathogen-specific outcomes by evaluating host immune response using modern genomic and proteomic molecular techniques would provide valuable information and could be carried out at a large academic trauma center. (
  • Poor abdominal health can lead to digestive disorders, such as bloating, constipation, or diarrhea. (
  • Several major health organizations have established systems for the classification and description of human injuries. (
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) developed the International Classification of External Causes of Injury (ICECI). (
  • The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics developed the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS). (
  • The Orchard Sports Injury and Illness Classification System (OSIICS), previously OSICS, is used to classify injuries to enable research into specific sports injuries. (