Abdominal Fat: Fatty tissue in the region of the ABDOMEN. It includes the ABDOMINAL SUBCUTANEOUS FAT and the INTRA-ABDOMINAL FAT.Intra-Abdominal Fat: Fatty tissue inside the ABDOMINAL CAVITY, including visceral fat and retroperitoneal fat. It is the most metabolically active fat in the body and easily accessible for LIPOLYSIS. Increased visceral fat is associated with metabolic complications of OBESITY.Abdomen: That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.Subcutaneous Fat, Abdominal: Fatty tissue under the SKIN in the region of the ABDOMEN.Dietary Fats: Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.Fats: The glyceryl esters of a fatty acid, or of a mixture of fatty acids. They are generally odorless, colorless, and tasteless if pure, but they may be flavored according to origin. Fats are insoluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents. They occur in animal and vegetable tissue and are generally obtained by boiling or by extraction under pressure. They are important in the diet (DIETARY FATS) as a source of energy. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Adipose Tissue: Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.Subcutaneous Fat: Fatty tissue under the SKIN through out the body.Body Fat Distribution: Deposits of ADIPOSE TISSUE throughout the body. The pattern of fat deposits in the body regions is an indicator of health status. Excess ABDOMINAL FAT increases health risks more than excess fat around the hips or thighs, therefore, WAIST-HIP RATIO is often used to determine health risks.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Adiposity: The amount of fat or lipid deposit at a site or an organ in the body, an indicator of body fat status.Obesity, Abdominal: A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Absorptiometry, Photon: A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.Radiography, Abdominal: Radiographic visualization of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, i.e., within the peritoneal cavity.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Waist Circumference: The measurement around the body at the level of the ABDOMEN and just above the hip bone. The measurement is usually taken immediately after exhalation.Ideal Body Weight: Expected weight of a healthy normal individual based on age, sex, and height. Thus, a malnourished person would weigh less than their ideal body weight.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Waist-Hip Ratio: The waist circumference measurement divided by the hip circumference measurement. For both men and women, a waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) of 1.0 or higher is considered "at risk" for undesirable health consequences, such as heart disease and ailments associated with OVERWEIGHT. A healthy WHR is 0.90 or less for men, and 0.80 or less for women. (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2004)Insulin Resistance: Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.Blood Glucose: Glucose in blood.Human Migration: Periodic movement of human settlement from one geographical location to another.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Fat Body: A nutritional reservoir of fatty tissue found mainly in insects and amphibians.Lipids: A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Insulin: A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).Subcutaneous Tissue: Loose connective tissue lying under the DERMIS, which binds SKIN loosely to subjacent tissues. It may contain a pad of ADIPOCYTES, which vary in number according to the area of the body and vary in size according to the nutritional state.Body Constitution: The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Viscera: Any of the large interior organs in any one of the three great cavities of the body, especially in the abdomen.Lipid Metabolism: Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.Chickens: Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.Weight Loss: Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.Leptin: A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.Amyloidosis: A group of sporadic, familial and/or inherited, degenerative, and infectious disease processes, linked by the common theme of abnormal protein folding and deposition of AMYLOID. As the amyloid deposits enlarge they displace normal tissue structures, causing disruption of function. Various signs and symptoms depend on the location and size of the deposits.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Thinness: A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight.TriglyceridesOverweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Metabolic Syndrome X: A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Metabolic Diseases: Generic term for diseases caused by an abnormal metabolic process. It can be congenital due to inherited enzyme abnormality (METABOLISM, INBORN ERRORS) or acquired due to disease of an endocrine organ or failure of a metabolically important organ such as the liver. (Stedman, 26th ed)Lipodystrophy: A collection of heterogenous conditions resulting from defective LIPID METABOLISM and characterized by ADIPOSE TISSUE atrophy. Often there is redistribution of body fat resulting in peripheral fat wasting and central adiposity. They include generalized, localized, congenital, and acquired lipodystrophy.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Glucose Tolerance Test: A test to determine the ability of an individual to maintain HOMEOSTASIS of BLOOD GLUCOSE. It includes measuring blood glucose levels in a fasting state, and at prescribed intervals before and after oral glucose intake (75 or 100 g) or intravenous infusion (0.5 g/kg).Embolism, Fat: Blocking of a blood vessel by fat deposits in the circulation. It is often seen after fractures of large bones or after administration of CORTICOSTEROIDS.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Anti-Obesity Agents: Agents that increase energy expenditure and weight loss by neural and chemical regulation. Beta-adrenergic agents and serotoninergic drugs have been experimentally used in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) to treat obesity.Adiponectin: A 30-kDa COMPLEMENT C1Q-related protein, the most abundant gene product secreted by FAT CELLS of the white ADIPOSE TISSUE. Adiponectin modulates several physiological processes, such as metabolism of GLUCOSE and FATTY ACIDS, and immune responses. Decreased plasma adiponectin levels are associated with INSULIN RESISTANCE; TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS; OBESITY; and ATHEROSCLEROSIS.Whole Body Imaging: The creation of a visual display of the inside of the entire body of a human or animal for the purposes of diagnostic evaluation. This is most commonly achieved by using MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; or POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY.Adipokines: Polypeptides produced by the ADIPOCYTES. They include LEPTIN; ADIPONECTIN; RESISTIN; and many cytokines of the immune system, such as TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR-ALPHA; INTERLEUKIN-6; and COMPLEMENT FACTOR D (also known as ADIPSIN). They have potent autocrine, paracrine, and endocrine functions.Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Fatty Liver: Lipid infiltration of the hepatic parenchymal cells resulting in a yellow-colored liver. The abnormal lipid accumulation is usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES, either as a single large droplet or multiple small droplets. Fatty liver is caused by an imbalance in the metabolism of FATTY ACIDS.Diet, Reducing: A diet designed to cause an individual to lose weight.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Obesity, Morbid: The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Premenopause: The period before MENOPAUSE. In premenopausal women, the climacteric transition from full sexual maturity to cessation of ovarian cycle takes place between the age of late thirty and early fifty.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Adipocytes: Cells in the body that store FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. WHITE ADIPOCYTES are the predominant type and found mostly in the abdominal cavity and subcutaneous tissue. BROWN ADIPOCYTES are thermogenic cells that can be found in newborns of some species and hibernating mammals.Fats, Unsaturated: Fats containing one or more double bonds, as from oleic acid, an unsaturated fatty acid.Body Size: The physical measurements of a body.Cholesterol: The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Dietary Fats, Unsaturated: Unsaturated fats or oils used in foods or as a food.Postmenopause: The physiological period following the MENOPAUSE, the permanent cessation of the menstrual life.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Quantitative Trait Loci: Genetic loci associated with a QUANTITATIVE TRAIT.Physical Fitness: The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Glucose: A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.Fat Necrosis: A condition in which the death of adipose tissue results in neutral fats being split into fatty acids and glycerol.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Lipoproteins: Lipid-protein complexes involved in the transportation and metabolism of lipids in the body. They are spherical particles consisting of a hydrophobic core of TRIGLYCERIDES and CHOLESTEROL ESTERS surrounded by a layer of hydrophilic free CHOLESTEROL; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; and APOLIPOPROTEINS. Lipoproteins are classified by their varying buoyant density and sizes.Asian Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.Bone Density: The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2: A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Crosses, Genetic: Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.Biopsy, Needle: Removal and examination of tissue obtained through a transdermal needle inserted into the specific region, organ, or tissue being analyzed.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
(1/459) Abdominal fat and hip fracture risk in the elderly: the Dubbo Osteoporosis Epidemiology Study.

BACKGROUND: Fat mass, which is a major component of body weight, is directly related to bone mineral density and reduced fracture risk. It is not known whether abdominal fat is associated with hip fracture. The present study was designed to examine the association between abdominal fat and hip fracture in women and men aged 60+ years. METHODS: This was a nested case-control study with one fracture case being matched with two controls of the same age. In women 63 cases were matched with 126 controls, and in men 26 cases were matched with 52 controls. Hip fracture was confirmed by X-ray and personal interview. Other measurements included weight, height, body mass index (BMI), abdominal fat, and femoral neck bone density (FNBMD). Conditional logistic regression model was used to analyse data. RESULTS: The odds ratio of hip fracture risk associated with each 10% lower abdominal fat was 1.5 (95% CI, 1.1 to 2.1) in women and 1.2 (95% CI, 0.7 to 2.0) in men. However after adjusting for FNBMD or body weight, the abdominal fat-fracture association was no longer statistically significant. Similarly, body weight and BMI was each significantly associated with hip fracture risk (in women), but after taking with account the effect of FNBMD, the association become statistically non-significant. CONCLUSION: Lower abdominal fat was associated with an increased risk of hip fracture in elderly women, but the association was not independent of FNBMD or weight. The contribution of abdominal fat to hip fracture risk is likely to be modest.  (+info)

(2/459) Inactivity, exercise, and visceral fat. STRRIDE: a randomized, controlled study of exercise intensity and amount.

Despite the importance of randomized, dose-response studies for proper evaluation of effective clinical interventions, there have been no dose-response studies on the effects of exercise amount on abdominal obesity, a major risk factor for metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. One hundred seventy-five sedentary, overweight men and women with mild to moderate dyslipidemia were randomly assigned to participate for 6 mo in a control group or for approximately 8 mo in one of three exercise groups: 1) low amount, moderate intensity, equivalent to walking 12 miles/wk (19.2 km) at 40-55% of peak oxygen consumption; 2) low amount, vigorous intensity, equivalent to jogging 12 miles/wk at 65-80% of peak oxygen consumption; or 3) high amount, vigorous intensity, equivalent to jogging 20 miles/wk (32.0 km). Computed tomography scans were analyzed for abdominal fat. Controls gained visceral fat (8.6 +/- 17.2%; P = 0.001). The equivalent of 11 miles of exercise per week, at either intensity, prevented significant accumulation of visceral fat. The highest amount of exercise resulted in decreased visceral (-6.9 +/- 20.8%; P = 0.038) and subcutaneous (-7.0 +/- 10.8%; P < 0.001) abdominal fat. Significant gains in visceral fat over only 6 mo emphasize the high cost of continued inactivity. A modest exercise program, consistent with recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control/American College of Sports Medicine (CDC/ACSM), prevented significant increases in visceral fat. Importantly, a modest increase over the CDC/ACSM exercise recommendations resulted in significant decreases in visceral, subcutaneous, and total abdominal fat without changes in caloric intake.  (+info)

(3/459) Increased plasma adiponectin in response to pioglitazone does not result from increased gene expression.

Plasma levels of adiponectin are lower in obese and insulin-resistant subjects compared with lean and insulin-sensitive ones. Thiazolidinediones increase plasma adiponectin levels in diabetic subjects, although the mechanism of this increased plasma adiponectin has not been well studied. In the present study, we compared the plasma levels and adipose tissue expression of adiponectin in subjects with normal (NGT) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and also studied the effects of metformin and pioglitazone on plasma and adipose tissue mRNA level of adiponectin in IGT subjects. IGT subjects had lower plasma adiponectin levels compared with NGT subjects, and similarly IGT subjects had lower adiponectin mRNA levels. In contrast, the increased plasma levels of adiponectin in response to pioglitazone were not associated with increased adiponectin expression in adipose tissue. Metformin did not cause any change in plasma or expression levels of adiponectin. Other adipokines were examined, and both pioglitazone and metformin decreased plasma levels of resistin in IGT subjects, and pioglitazone (but not metformin) decreased plasma levels of leptin. These data suggest that pioglitazone increases plasma adiponectin levels by posttranscriptional regulation in contrast to transcriptional regulation of adiponectin in relation to insulin sensitivity in NGT vs. IGT subjects.  (+info)

(4/459) Rats with steroid-induced polycystic ovaries develop hypertension and increased sympathetic nervous system activity.

BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine and metabolic disorder associated with ovulatory dysfunction, abdominal obesity, hyperandrogenism, hypertension, and insulin resistance. METHODS: Our objectives in this study were (1) to estimate sympathetic-adrenal medullary (SAM) activity by measuring mean systolic blood pressure (MSAP) in rats with estradiol valerate (EV)-induced PCO; (2) to estimate alpha1a and alpha2a adrenoceptor expression in a brain area thought to mediate central effects on MSAP regulation and in the adrenal medulla; (3) to assess hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis regulation by measuring adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and corticosterone (CORT) levels in response to novel-environment stress; and (4) to measure abdominal obesity, sex steroids, and insulin sensitivity. RESULTS: The PCO rats had significantly higher MSAP than controls, higher levels of alpha1a adrenoceptor mRNA in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN), and lower levels of alpha2a adrenoceptor mRNA in the PVN and adrenal medulla. After exposure to stress, PCO rats had higher ACTH and CORT levels. Plasma testosterone concentrations were lower in PCO rats, and no differences in insulin sensitivity or in the weight of intraabdominal fat depots were found. CONCLUSION: Thus, rats with EV-induced PCO develop hypertension and increased sympathetic and HPA-axis activity without reduced insulin sensitivity, obesity, or hyperandrogenism. These findings may have implications for mechanisms underlying hypertension in PCOS.  (+info)

(5/459) High prevalence of metabolic syndrome among men in Okinawa.

We determined the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in Okinawa from cross-sectional results of an annual physical checkup. We also calculated the homeostasis model assessment ratio (HOMA-R) as an index of insulin resistance, and examined the relationship between HOMA-R and MS. We studied 3,839 men (mean age 49.2 years) and 3,146 women (mean age 50.0 years), a total of 6,985 people aged from 30 to 79 years, who underwent an annual physical checkup in our hospital between May 2003 and March 2004. The diagnosis of MS was based on the criteria in the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III: ATP III). Abdominal circumference was assessed in accordance with the diagnostic criteria of the Japan Society for the Study of Obesity. The prevalence of MS was 30.2% in men and 10.3% in women. Mean HOMA-R significantly increased with an increase in the number of ATP III risk factors. Logistic regression analysis with the independent variables of sex, age, and HOMA-R gave an odds ratio of MS of 3.6 for men, 1.4 for a 10-year age increment, and 2.0 for an elevation of HOMA-R above 1.0.  (+info)

(6/459) Short-term predictors of abdominal obesity in children.

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the short-term tracking of abdominal adiposity in children. METHODS: A total of 918 children (477 boys) aged 6-12 years at baseline were followed-up for 2 years. Central obesity was assessed by waist circumference (WaistC), whereas body fat distribution by waist-to-hip ratio. Maturity was assessed by the Khamis-Roche method. Parental fatness and children's cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) were also evaluated. Multiple and logistic regressions were employed to identify the predictors of BMI and WaistC. RESULTS: Tracking of body fatness and body fat distribution was high (r = 0.69-0.86, P < 0.01). More boys remained obese than girls (P < 0.05), whereas a greater percentage of boys moved to a higher quartile of WaistC after the 2-year follow-up (22.0 vs 14.1%, P < 0.01). Sex, child's maturity and WaistC at baseline, CRF, and maternal BMI explained 76% of the variability in BMI and WaistC at the follow-up (n = 290). Children with high WaistC at baseline and low CRF presented 1.9- and 4.3-fold increased risk of remaining in the upper quartile of WaistC at the follow-up (P < 0.01; n = 552). CONCLUSION: Youth with increased WaistC at baseline and low CRF presented an increased chance of maintaining central obesity at the follow-up. More boys than girls moved into a higher quartile of abdominal obesity during the 2-year follow-up period and this should be taken into account in designing programmes for childhood obesity.  (+info)

(7/459) Effect of leptin on insulin resistance of muscle--direct or indirect?

We examined the effect of leptin on the insulin resistance in skeletal muscles by measuring glucose transport. Male Wistar rats were fed rat chow or high-fat diets for 30 days. Before sacrifice, rats fed high-fat diet were subcutaneously injected with leptin (1 mg/kg b.w.) for 3 days. The glucose transport in epitrochlearis and soleus muscles did not differ in the experimental groups under basal conditions, however these values decreased significantly in the rats fed high-fat diet under insulin stimulation (p<0.01). Leptin treatment recovered the decreased glucose transport in epitrochlearis (p<0.05) and soleus muscles (p=0.08). Triglyceride concentrations in soleus muscles were increased significantly in the rats fed high-fat diet as compared to rats fed chow diet (p<0.01), and were decreased significantly by leptin treatment (p<0.01). The glucose transport was measured under basal conditions and after 60 microU/ml of insulin treatment with or without 50 ng/ml of leptin. Leptin had no direct stimulatory effect on glucose transport under both basal and insulin-stimulated conditions in vitro. These results demonstrate that leptin injection to rats fed high-fat diet recovered impaired insulin responsiveness of skeletal muscles and muscle triglyceride concentrations. However, there was no direct stimulatory effect of leptin on insulin sensitivity of skeletal muscles in vitro.  (+info)

(8/459) Administration of recombinant human GHRH-1,44-amide for 3 months reduces abdominal visceral fat mass and increases physical performance measures in postmenopausal women.

OBJECTIVE: A recent study indicated that twice-daily s.c. administration of a high dose of recombinant human GHRH-1,44-amide (GHRH) for 90 days can alter body composition in healthy older men. No data establish whether this is also true in postmenopausal women. The present study tests the hypothesis that the same GHRH regimen applied in women will: (i) elevate both IGF-I and GH concentrations; and (ii) reduce abdominal visceral fat mass, augment total body water and enhance functional performance. DESIGN: Ten postmenopausal volunteers underwent baseline study and then received 1 mg GHRH twice daily s.c. for 3 months. METHODS: Statistical comparisons were made with pre-intervention baseline data. RESULTS: GHRH administration stimulated: (i) a mean 98 +/- 14% elevation of overnight GH concentrations after administration of the peptide for 1 and 3 months (P < 0.005); (ii) a sustained 71 +/- 3.5% rise in IGF-I concentrations over the interval from 2 weeks to 3 months (P < 0.0012); (iii) a 16 +/- 7% reduction in abdominal visceral fat mass (P = 0.029) and a 14 +/- 5% increase in tri-tiated water space (P < 0.025); (iv) an abbreviation of the times required to walk 30 m (P = 0.015) and ascend two flights of stairs (P = 0.003). Most (70%) subjects experienced local skin reactivity. There were no systemic adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: A 3-month regimen of GHRH supplementation in postmenopausal women can stimulate GH and IGF-I production, reduce abdominal visceral fat and improve selected measures of physical performance, while inducing significant local skin reactivity.  (+info)

*  Body composition
These measurements are then used to estimate total body fat. Ultrasound has also been used to measure subcutaneous fat ... This includes the abdominal area, the subscapular region, arms, buttocks and thighs. ... Human fat has a density of 0.9 grams/ml, and 2. The lean (non-fat) components of the human body have an overall density of 1.1 ... fat tissue mass, and fractional contribution of fat. The estimation of body fatness from body density (by means of underwater ...
*  Waist-hip ratio
... axis and has been associated with higher levels of abdominal fat and therefore a higher WHR. Abdominal fat is a marker of ... A primary component of Cushing's syndrome is the accumulation of fat in the abdominal region, and it is hypothesized that ... In contrast, aging males gradually accumulate abdominal fat, and hence increased WHR, in parallel with declining androgen ... and soft drinks may help to prevent abdominal fat accumulation. Anogenital distance Body volume index Digit ratio Physical ...
*  Atheroma
... abdominal fat reduction; aerobic exercise; inhibitors of cholesterol synthesis (known as statins); low normal blood glucose ... This causes thinning and the wall balloons allowing gross enlargement to occur, as is common in the abdominal region of the ... they are not composed of fat cells but of accumulations of white blood cells, especially macrophages, that have taken up ...
*  O-Toluidine
... subcutaneous abdominal fat > lung > heart > abdominal skin > bladder > gastrointestinal tract > bone marrow > brain > muscle > ...
*  Spot reduction
Instead, being on a caloric deficit is recommended for reducing abdominal fat. Toning exercises "Fat loss and weight training ... "The Effect of Abdominal Exercise on Abdominal Fat". Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25 (9): 2559-64. doi:10.1519 ... Instead, fat is lost from the entire body as a result of diet and regular exercise. Muscle growth in the abdominal region does ... Spot reduction refers to the fallacy that fat can be targeted for reduction from a specific area of the body through exercise ...
*  Subcutaneous tissue
"Abdominal fat and what to do about it". Harvard Health Publications. Harvard Medical School. 2006. Retrieved 5 June 2013. ... Subcutaneous fat is found just beneath the skin, as opposed to visceral fat, which is found in the peritoneal cavity, and can ... Subcutaneous fat is the layer of subcutaneous tissue that is most widely distributed. It is composed of adipocytes, which are ... It is used mainly for fat storage. A layer of tissue lies immediately below the dermis of vertebrate skin. It is often referred ...
*  Black-necked grebe
Straker, Lorian Cobra; Jehl, Joseph R. (2017). "Rapid mobilization of abdominal fat in migrating eared grebes". Journal of ... This additional fat is used to power the black-necked grebe's overnight fall migration to its wintering grounds. The fat is ...
*  Mark Mattson
Loss of abdominal fat with maintenance of muscle mass; 3) Reduced blood pressure and heart rate, and increased heart rate ... In a related study, Mattson showed that rats fed with a high-fat, high-glucose diet supplemented with fructose corn syrup ...
*  Epidemiology of metabolic syndrome
19 A chief risk factor for prediabetes is excess abdominal fat. Obesity increases one's risk for a variety of other medical ... migration from rural to urban areas and a higher susceptibility to accumulate abdominal fat and develop more insulin resistance ... The Latin American populations exhibit a high prevalence of abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome, similar or even higher ... refers to a cluster of related risk factors for cardiovascular disease that includes abdominal obesity, diabetes, hypertension ...
*  Adipose tissue
Visceral fat or abdominal fat (also known as organ fat or intra-abdominal fat) is located inside the abdominal cavity, packed ... a method to measure body fat percentage. Body Volume Index - a method to measure abdominal volume and abdominal fat. Blubber - ... are specifically designed to measure abdominal volume and abdominal fat. Excess visceral fat is also linked to type 2 diabetes ... Fat on the Inside: Looking Thin is Not Enough, By Fiona Haynes, About.com Abdominal fat and what to do about it, President & ...
*  Physical fitness
Abdominal fat, specifically visceral fat, is most directly affected by engaging in aerobic exercise. Strength training has been ... and an appropriate immune response are factors that mediate metabolism in relation to the abdominal fat. Therefore, physical ... Research into the benefits of HIIT have revealed that it can be very successful for reducing fat, especially around the ... Westcott, W.L.; La Rosa Loud, R. (2014). "Strength for fat loss training". American Fitness. 32 (1): 18-22. Westerlind, K. C. ( ...
*  Phenolic content in tea
"Green Tea Catechin Consumption Enhances Exercise-Induced Abdominal Fat Loss in Overweight and Obese Adults". Journal of ...
*  Acquired generalized lipodystrophy
Especially, intra-abdominal fat loss is variable. As subcutaneous fat is lost, affected areas show prominent structures of ... ectopic fat deposition, leptin deficiency, and severe metabolic abnormalities such as insulin resistance. Subcutaneous fat loss ... In AGL patients, adipose tissues are insufficient and leads to fat deposition in non-adipose tissues, such as muscle or liver, ... Panniculitis is an inflammatory nodules of the subcutaneous fat, and in this type of AGL, adipose destruction originates ...
*  Isomaltulose
In these studies, abdominal fat decreased with sugar replacement by isomaltulose or when replacing breakfast calories. ... The higher insulin concentration also promotes carbohydrate oxidation at the expense of fat oxidation, thus promoting fat ... a process that supports both fat oxidation and lowering of fat storage. Practical implications seem to be several, higher rates ... When compared with other ingested carbohydrates, isomaltulose allows higher rates of fat oxidation to fuel energy demanding ...
*  Waist
The size of a person's waist or waist circumference, indicates abdominal obesity. Excess abdominal fat is a risk factor for ... It measures the proportion by which fat is distributed around the torso. Waist-hip ratios of 0.7 for women and 0.9 for men have ... Abdominal obesity Alvinolagnia Belly dance Body modification Human body Midriff Navel Rib removal Waist-hip ratio Category: ...
*  Abdominal obesity
... intra-abdominal body fat is related to negative health outcomes independent of total body fat. Intra-abdominal or visceral fat ... Visceral fat, also known as organ fat or intra-abdominal fat, is located inside the peritoneal cavity, packed in between ... Abdominal obesity, also known as central obesity, is when excessive abdominal fat around the stomach and abdomen has built up ... Thiazolidinediones may cause slight weight gain but decrease "pathologic" abdominal fat (visceral fat), and therefore may be ...
*  Caloric restriction mimetic
... which reduces intra-abdominal fat. It improves lipid profile, glucose tolerance, and waist measurement. Therefore, it has ... It enhances the sensitivity of insulin receptors on the surface of muscle and fat cells and activates genes that reduce the ... making fat cells more repsonsive to insulin by binding to their PPAR receptors Agents that modulate sirtuins (called STAC - ...
*  Re'eh
God forbade the abdominal fat of cattle (in Leviticus 3:3), but permitted it in the case of beasts. God forbade consuming the ... This is indicated by Leviticus 7:24, which says, "And the fat of that which dies of itself (נְבֵלָה‬, nebeilah) and the fat of ...
*  Calorie restriction
These include lower levels of total and abdominal fat, circulating insulin, testosterone, estradiol, and inflammatory cytokines ... Ancient medicine, the province of Hippocrates and Galen after him, taught that the very fat were destined to die suddenly more ... Older age of onset, female sex, lower body weight and fat mass, reduced food intake, diet quality, and lower fasting blood ... However, studies designed to test this hypothesis suggest that reduced fat mass is not a major contributor to the longevity ...
*  Shemini (parsha)
God forbade the abdominal fat of cattle (in Leviticus 3:3), but permitted it in the case of beasts. God forbade consuming the ... This is indicated by Leviticus 7:24, which says, "And the fat of that which dies of itself (נְבֵלָה‬, neveilah) and the fat of ... And the Gemara noted that Leviticus 10:15 implies that the breast and thigh were on top of the offerings of fat. But the Gemara ... Even though Leviticus 9:24 reports that "fire came forth from before the Lord and consumed the burnt-offering and the fat on ...
*  Vayishlach
God forbade the abdominal fat of cattle (in Leviticus 3:3), but permitted it in the case of beasts. God forbade eating meat ... And the live fetus' fat is permitted. Rabbi Meir taught that one should not trust butchers to remove the sciatic nerve, but the ... Sages taught that one may trust butchers to remove the sciatic nerve as well as the fat that Leviticus 3:17 and 7:23 forbids. A ...
*  Buried penis
... overlaying abdominal fat, or penile injury. Adults with a buried penis will either live with their condition or undergo weight- ...
*  Body mass index
"Marked regression of abdominal fat amyloid in patients with familial amyloid polyneuropathy during long-term follow-up after ... For men with a BMI of 25, about 20% have a body fat percentage below 20% and about 10% have body fat percentage above 30%. BMI ... Waist circumference is a good indicator of visceral fat, which poses more health risks than fat elsewhere. According to the U.S ... have a high muscle to fat ratio and may have a BMI that is misleadingly high relative to their body fat percentage. BMI is ...
*  Marrow adipose tissue
Visceral abdominal fat (VAT) is a distinct type of WAT that is "proportionally associated with negative metabolic and ... "Abdominal fat is associated with lower bone formation and inferior bone quality in healthy premenopausal women: a transiliac ... "Bone marrow fat accumulation accelerated by high fat diet is suppressed by exercise". Bone. 64: 39-46. doi:10.1016/j.bone. ... "Vertebral Bone Marrow Fat Is Positively Associated With Visceral Fat and Inversely Associated With IGF-1 in Obese Women". ...
*  Comfort food
The provocation of specific hormonal responses leading selectively to increases in abdominal fat is seen as a form of self- ... Self-medication and abdominal obesity". Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 19 (4): 275-80. doi:10.1016/j.bbi.2004.11.004. PMID ...
*  Hibernation
Hibernating Arctic ground squirrels may exhibit abdominal temperatures as low as −2.9 °C, maintaining sub-zero abdominal ... The fat accumulation prior to hibernation in female polar bears enables them to provide a sufficient and warm, nurturing ... Larger species become hyperphagic and eat a large amount of food and store the energy in fat deposits. In many small species, ... She loses 15-27% of her pre-hibernation weight and uses stored fats for energy during times of food scarcity, or hibernation. ...
*  Abdominal exercise
It has been highly disputed whether or not abdominal exercises have any reducing effect on abdominal fat. The aforementioned ... Abdominal exercises are those that affect the abdominal muscles (colloquially known as the stomach muscles or "abs"). Abdominal ... "The Effect of Abdominal Exercise on Abdominal Fat". Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25 (9): 2559-64. doi:10.1519 ... Abdomenizer Abdominal fat Chin-up bar Core (anatomy) Crunches Pilates Roman chair Situps Spot reduction Vispute, Sachin S; ...
Abdominal fat accumulation prevented by unsaturated fat | EurekAlert! Science News  Abdominal fat accumulation prevented by unsaturated fat | EurekAlert! Science News
This is the first study on humans to show that the fat composition of food not only influences cholesterol levels in the blood ... and the risk of cardiovascular disease but also determines where the fat will be stored in the body. The findings have recently ... New research from Uppsala University shows that saturated fat builds more fat and less muscle than polyunsaturated fat. ... Abdominal fat accumulation prevented by unsaturated fat. Uppsala University. Journal. Diabetes. Funder. Swedish Research ...
more infohttps://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-02/uu-afa022414.php
Eplerenone in HIV Associated Abdominal Fat Accumulation - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov  Eplerenone in HIV Associated Abdominal Fat Accumulation - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Eplerenone in HIV Associated Abdominal Fat Accumulation. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility ... Randomized Placebo-controlled Trial to Investigate the Effects of Eplerenone in Patients With HIV-associated Abdominal Fat ... liver fat [ Time Frame: 6 months ]. hepatic (liver) fat as measured by magnetic resonance spectroscopy ... In HIV-infected individuals, aldosterone appears to be higher in individuals with increased belly fat, and increased ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01405456?order=55
Waist Circumference | Angiologist  Waist Circumference | Angiologist
Waist circumference was found to correlate with abdominal fat. Because you can not routinely measure abdominal and visceral fat ... Abdominal fat ("pot belly" or "apple shaped" or "male type") and Hip fat ("pear fat" or "female type"). These pictures might ... Visceral fat is the term used to describe the combined intra - peritoneal and retro-peritoneal fat. ... For years the measure of how fat a person is was founded on their body mass index (BMI). This measure is calculated by dividing ...
more infohttp://www.angiologist.com/general-medicine/waist-circumference/
Body Composition Evaluation in Severe Obesity: A Critical Review
 | MedCrave  Body Composition Evaluation in Severe Obesity: A Critical Review | MedCrave
... such as the difficulty in identifying bony prominences that defines the measure location and the wide layer of abdominal fat ... Fat Mass and Fat Free Mass), three compartment (3C) model (Fat Mass, Total Body Water and Dry Fat Free Mass) and four ... Skin fold thickness estimates body fat based on the fact that approximately half of the body fat content is deposited under the ... percent body fat, body composition, skin folds, densitometry, body fat distribution, waist to hip ratio ...
more infohttp://googlescholar.medcraveonline.com/scholars/article_fulltext/4655
Russian Heart Failure Journal 2009year Insulin resistance syndrome and CHF: an unsolved problem  Russian Heart Failure Journal 2009year Insulin resistance syndrome and CHF: an unsolved problem
... atherogenic lipoprotein profale associated with ibesity and insulin resistance is largely attributable to intra-abdominal fat. ...
more infohttp://lib.rushf.org/journals/RHFJ/2009/1183/
Intra-Abdominal Fat - MeSH - NCBI  Intra-Abdominal Fat - MeSH - NCBI
Intra-Abdominal Fat. Fatty tissue inside the ABDOMINAL CAVITY, including visceral fat and retroperitoneal fat. It is the most ... All MeSH CategoriesAnatomy CategoryTissuesConnective TissueAdipose TissueAdipose Tissue, WhiteAbdominal FatIntra-Abdominal Fat ... metabolically active fat in the body and easily accessible for LIPOLYSIS. Increased visceral fat is associated with metabolic ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh?Db=mesh&Cmd=DetailsSearch&Term=%22Intra-Abdominal+Fat%22%5BMeSH+Terms%5D
Is this how abdominal fat leads to diabetes?  Is this how abdominal fat leads to diabetes?
New research shows that an enzyme produced by the liver causes inflammation in the abdominal fat, raising the risk of insulin ... It is known that being overweight or obese leads to poor health, but it may be less known that abdominal fat is the most ... Medical News Today have recently reported on studies showing that abdominal fat is deeply tied to type 2 diabetes and heart ... But we have some evidence that DPP4 inhibitors in the gut also end up promoting inflammation in fat," he states. "That cancels ...
more infohttps://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/321301.php?sr
Abdominal fat deposition, yummy healthy dinner recipes pinterest  Abdominal fat deposition, yummy healthy dinner recipes pinterest
... abdominal fat deposition, low carb meal planner app, bodybuilding tips, tips to reduce belly fats, when is the best time to ... Even though excess subcutaneous body fat is more benign than excess visceral fat, excess body fat of any kind is unlikely to be ... Subcutaneous abdominal fat is hard to mobilize; that is, it is hard to burn through diet and exercise.. In terms of health, ... Comments to "Abdominal fat deposition". * ElektrA_RaFo. writes: Supplements suggested, "There's nothing to it, however and he ...
more infohttp://s3.amazonaws.com/dietplansx/abdominal-fat-deposition.html
Patterns of Abdominal Fat Distribution  Patterns of Abdominal Fat Distribution
... Diabetes Care 32(3): 481-485. Abstract. OBJECTIVE-The prevalence of abdominal obesity ... to determine the prevalence of abdominal subcutaneous and visceral obesity and to characterize the different patterns of fat ... CONCLUSIONS-Nearly one-third of our sample has abdominal subcutaneous obesity, and ,40% have visceral obesity. Clinical ...
more infohttps://dash.harvard.edu/handle/1/4724751
Acute Diseases Related to Intra-abdominal Fat in Adults | SpringerLink  Acute Diseases Related to Intra-abdominal Fat in Adults | SpringerLink
Acute disease related to intra-abdominal fat are due to inflammation of this fat and include mainly primary epiploic ... Acute disease related to intra-abdominal fat are due to inflammation of this fat and include mainly primary epiploic ... Danse E. (2010) Acute Diseases Related to Intra-abdominal Fat in Adults. In: Taourel P. (eds) CT of the Acute Abdomen. Medical ... Frequency and epidemiology of primary epiploic appendagitis on CT in adults with abdominal pain. J Radiol 89:235-243PubMed ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/174_2010_90
Insulin Sensitivity, Insulin Secretion, and Abdominal Fat | Diabetes  Insulin Sensitivity, Insulin Secretion, and Abdominal Fat | Diabetes
However, there remains debate as to which of the fat depots, visceral abdominal tissue (VAT) or subcutaneous abdominal tissue ( ... Subcutaneous abdominal fat and thigh muscle composition predict insulin sensitivity independently of visceral fat. Diabetes46 : ... Insulin Sensitivity, Insulin Secretion, and Abdominal Fat. Lynne E. Wagenknecht, Carl D. Langefeld, Ann L. Scherzinger, Jill M. ... Insulin Sensitivity, Insulin Secretion, and Abdominal Fat. Lynne E. Wagenknecht, Carl D. Langefeld, Ann L. Scherzinger, Jill M. ...
more infohttps://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/52/10/2490?ijkey=ac897643c9ec01451df29ddacb88dbfce53701bb&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha
Abdominal Fat - Forum on Lipodystrophy and Wasting - TheBody.com  Abdominal Fat - Forum on Lipodystrophy and Wasting - TheBody.com
... it only works for grab-able fat under the skin. Things that help the abdominal contour include, as you say, growth hormone, ... Liposuction is not suited to fat inside the abdomen... ... Abdominal Fat. Jan 21, 2004 As of recently my fat accumulation ... Liposuction is not suited to fat inside the abdomen...it only works for grab-able fat under the skin. Things that help the ... abdominal contour include, as you say, growth hormone, metformin, exercise but cardio and sit ups, and diet (making sure your ...
more infohttp://www.thebody.com/Forums/AIDS/Lipodystrophy/Q153903.html?ic=4003
Abdominal Fat: Predictor for High Blood Pressure  Abdominal Fat: Predictor for High Blood Pressure
The results showed higher amounts of fat in the abdominal area, greater body mass index, and larger waist circumference were ... The focus of the study was to determine whether abdominal fat, as measured by computed tomography scans, predicts who is likely ... The amount of fat in the abdomen may point to a greater risk of developing high blood pressure, according to a study reported ... the researchers concluded that only the extent of fat in the abdomen remained a predictor of hypertension. ...
more infohttp://www.pharmacytimes.com/publications/issue/2004/2004-09/2004-09-4561
AMPK Helps Reduce Abdominal Fat - Life Extension  AMPK Helps Reduce Abdominal Fat - Life Extension
While abdominal fat is unsightly, it is also dangerous and can speed up aging processes.10 Deep abdominal fat morphs into its ... The result was a significant drop in abdominal fat.. The first study showed that abdominal fat deposits fell by 11%.7 In the ... While abdominal fat is unattractive, it is also life-threatening. Abdominal fat generates massive amounts of inflammation- ... total abdominal fat area, body weight, body-fat mass, percent body fat, and body-mass index were decreased in the supplemented ...
more infohttp://www.lifeextension.com/Magazine/2017/SS/Boost-AMPK-To-Reduce-Abdominal-Fat/Page-01
Waist Circumference as Measure of Abdominal Fat Compartments : Figure 5  Waist Circumference as Measure of Abdominal Fat Compartments : Figure 5
b) Plasma triglyceride (TG) and HOMA2-IR for upper and lower halves of the intraperitoneal fat/abdominal subcutaneous fat ... and HOMA2-IR for upper and lower halves of the intraperitoneal fat/abdominal subcutaneous fat ratios for all men. For TG, those ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2013/454285/fig5/
Abdominal Fat Burning Recipes  Abdominal Fat Burning Recipes
... that call for foods rich in nutrients that are thought to be particularly beneficial for those who want to lose belly fat. ... Learn how to create delicious abdominal fat burning dishes that can help you lose stubborn belly fat without compromising your ... Guide to Losing Abdominal Fat ( Home , Diet , Foods , Recipes ). Abdominal Fat Burning Recipes. Wondering how to create ... If you are already familiar with the guidelines of the abdominal fat burning diet, go ahead and start browsing the recipes in ...
more infohttps://www.healwithfood.org/abdominalfat/recipes/
increased abdominal fat pad weight Mammalian Phenotype Term (MP:0009286)  increased abdominal fat pad weight Mammalian Phenotype Term (MP:0009286)
The Mammalian Phenotype (MP) Ontology is a community effort to provide standard terms for annotating phenotypic data. You can use this browser to view terms, definitions, and term relationships in a hierarchical display. Links to summary annotated phenotype data at MGI are provided in Term Detail reports.
more infohttp://www.informatics.jax.org/vocab/mp_ontology/MP:0009286
AMPK Helps Reduce Abdominal Fat - Life Extension  AMPK Helps Reduce Abdominal Fat - Life Extension
While abdominal fat is unsightly, it is also dangerous and can speed up aging processes.10 Deep abdominal fat morphs into its ... The result was a significant drop in abdominal fat.. The first study showed that abdominal fat deposits fell by 11%.7 In the ... While abdominal fat is unattractive, it is also life-threatening. Abdominal fat generates massive amounts of inflammation- ... total abdominal fat area, body weight, body-fat mass, percent body fat, and body-mass index were decreased in the supplemented ...
more infohttps://www.lifeextension.com/Magazine/2017/SS/Boost-AMPK-To-Reduce-Abdominal-Fat/Page-01
Breakthrough: Exercise Can Trim Abdominal Fat! - AnabolicMinds.com  Breakthrough: Exercise Can Trim Abdominal Fat! - AnabolicMinds.com
http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20051013/...e_abdominal_dc By Amy ... Lower abdominal fat? No matter what it won't go away!!!!. By Mr ... shed both visceral fat and the superficial layers of abdominal fat that make for love handles.. The intensity of the exercise ... saw an average decline of 7 percent in both visceral fat and more superficial abdominal fat. In contrast, participants in the ... their stores of visceral fat -- fat that accumulates around the abdominal organs.. In contrast, their peers who remained ...
more infohttp://anabolicminds.com/forum/news-articles/34907-breakthrough-exercise-can.html
Abdominal fat and what to do about it - Harvard Health  Abdominal fat and what to do about it - Harvard Health
As people go through their middle years, their proportion of fat to body… ... Abdominal fat and what to do about it. Visceral fat more of a health concern than subcutaneous fat. Updated: October 9, 2015. ... Research suggests that fat cells - particularly abdominal fat cells - are biologically active. It's appropriate to think of fat ... Fat accumulated in the lower body (the pear shape) is subcutaneous, while fat in the abdominal area (the apple shape) is ...
more infohttps://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/abdominal-fat-and-what-to-do-about-it?utm_source=delivra&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Split+Test+55+Part+240%3A+GB20160224-WeighLess&mid=10627296&ml=93004
  • Visceral fat, along with a high proportion of fat in the liver, is closely associated with increased risk for developing type-2 diabetes. (eurekalert.org)
  • A number of studies have indicated that a higher intake of polyunsaturated fats from plant oils and nuts is associated with a decreased risk of type-2 diabetes, but the reasons for this remain unclear. (eurekalert.org)
  • Thus, gaining weight on excess calories from polyunsaturated fat caused more gain in muscle mass, and less body fat than overeating a similar amount of saturated fat. (eurekalert.org)
  • Despite comparable weight gains between the two diet groups, the surplus consumption of saturated fat caused a markedly greater increase in the amount of fat in the liver and abdomen (especially the fat surrounding the internal organs, visceral fat) in comparison with the surplus consumption of polyunsaturated fat. (eurekalert.org)
  • The researchers were also able to see that over-consumption of saturated fats seems to be able to "turn on" certain genes in fatty tissue that increase the storage of fat in the abdomen and at the same time hamper insulin regulation. (eurekalert.org)
  • The increase in body fat and the distribution of fat in the body was measured using a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI scans) before and after the weight gain, as was the muscle mass in the body. (eurekalert.org)
  • The present study proposes a potential explanation for such an association, showing that polyunsaturated fatty acids can affect fat distribution in the body more favorably than saturated fats, probably by regulating increased energy combustion or decreased storage of visceral fat in connection with calorie-rich diets. (eurekalert.org)
  • The purpose of this study is to test the effects of a drug, eplerenone, along with lifestyle modification to affect sugar metabolism, body fat distribution, and cardiovascular health in HIV-infected individuals. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The project received considerable attention when it started in 2011, partly because the extra calories were ingested in the form of muffins with high fat content, baked in the lab by Fredrik Rosqvist, a doctoral candidate and first author of the study. (eurekalert.org)
  • One half of the subjects were random to eat surplus calories from polyunsaturated fat (sunflower oil), while the other half got their surplus calories from saturated fat (palm oil). (eurekalert.org)
  • Gene activity was measured in the abdominal visceral fat before and after the weight gain with the help of a gene chip that studies several thousand genes at a time. (eurekalert.org)
  • Moreover the total amount of body fat was greater in the saturated fat group, while, on the other hand, the increase in muscle mass was three times less for those who ate saturated fat compared with those who ate polyunsaturated fat. (eurekalert.org)
  • This is the first study on humans to show that the fat composition of food not only influences cholesterol levels in the blood and the risk of cardiovascular disease but also determines where the fat will be stored in the body. (eurekalert.org)
  • In HIV-infected individuals, aldosterone appears to be higher in individuals with increased belly fat, and increased aldosterone appears to be strongly associated with impaired sugar metabolism. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In non-HIV-infected individuals, recent data has shown that aldosterone, a hormone that regulates salt and water balance, is increased in association with increased belly fat and decreased insulin sensitivity. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • If the results regarding increased muscle mass following consumption of polyunsaturated fat can be confirmed in our coming studies, it will potentially be interesting for many elderly people, for whom maintaining muscle mass is of great importance in preventing morbidity", says Ulf Risérus, associate professor at the Department of Public Health and Caring Science and director of the study. (eurekalert.org)
more