Abdominal Fat: Fatty tissue in the region of the ABDOMEN. It includes the ABDOMINAL SUBCUTANEOUS FAT and the INTRA-ABDOMINAL FAT.Intra-Abdominal Fat: Fatty tissue inside the ABDOMINAL CAVITY, including visceral fat and retroperitoneal fat. It is the most metabolically active fat in the body and easily accessible for LIPOLYSIS. Increased visceral fat is associated with metabolic complications of OBESITY.Abdomen: That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.Subcutaneous Fat, Abdominal: Fatty tissue under the SKIN in the region of the ABDOMEN.Dietary Fats: Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.Fats: The glyceryl esters of a fatty acid, or of a mixture of fatty acids. They are generally odorless, colorless, and tasteless if pure, but they may be flavored according to origin. Fats are insoluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents. They occur in animal and vegetable tissue and are generally obtained by boiling or by extraction under pressure. They are important in the diet (DIETARY FATS) as a source of energy. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Adipose Tissue: Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.Subcutaneous Fat: Fatty tissue under the SKIN through out the body.Body Fat Distribution: Deposits of ADIPOSE TISSUE throughout the body. The pattern of fat deposits in the body regions is an indicator of health status. Excess ABDOMINAL FAT increases health risks more than excess fat around the hips or thighs, therefore, WAIST-HIP RATIO is often used to determine health risks.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Adiposity: The amount of fat or lipid deposit at a site or an organ in the body, an indicator of body fat status.Obesity, Abdominal: A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Absorptiometry, Photon: A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.Radiography, Abdominal: Radiographic visualization of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, i.e., within the peritoneal cavity.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Waist Circumference: The measurement around the body at the level of the ABDOMEN and just above the hip bone. The measurement is usually taken immediately after exhalation.Ideal Body Weight: Expected weight of a healthy normal individual based on age, sex, and height. Thus, a malnourished person would weigh less than their ideal body weight.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Waist-Hip Ratio: The waist circumference measurement divided by the hip circumference measurement. For both men and women, a waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) of 1.0 or higher is considered "at risk" for undesirable health consequences, such as heart disease and ailments associated with OVERWEIGHT. A healthy WHR is 0.90 or less for men, and 0.80 or less for women. (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2004)Insulin Resistance: Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.Blood Glucose: Glucose in blood.Human Migration: Periodic movement of human settlement from one geographical location to another.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Fat Body: A nutritional reservoir of fatty tissue found mainly in insects and amphibians.Lipids: A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Insulin: A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).Subcutaneous Tissue: Loose connective tissue lying under the DERMIS, which binds SKIN loosely to subjacent tissues. It may contain a pad of ADIPOCYTES, which vary in number according to the area of the body and vary in size according to the nutritional state.Body Constitution: The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Viscera: Any of the large interior organs in any one of the three great cavities of the body, especially in the abdomen.Lipid Metabolism: Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.Chickens: Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.Weight Loss: Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.Leptin: A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.Amyloidosis: A group of sporadic, familial and/or inherited, degenerative, and infectious disease processes, linked by the common theme of abnormal protein folding and deposition of AMYLOID. As the amyloid deposits enlarge they displace normal tissue structures, causing disruption of function. Various signs and symptoms depend on the location and size of the deposits.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Thinness: A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight.TriglyceridesOverweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Metabolic Syndrome X: A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Metabolic Diseases: Generic term for diseases caused by an abnormal metabolic process. It can be congenital due to inherited enzyme abnormality (METABOLISM, INBORN ERRORS) or acquired due to disease of an endocrine organ or failure of a metabolically important organ such as the liver. (Stedman, 26th ed)Lipodystrophy: A collection of heterogenous conditions resulting from defective LIPID METABOLISM and characterized by ADIPOSE TISSUE atrophy. Often there is redistribution of body fat resulting in peripheral fat wasting and central adiposity. They include generalized, localized, congenital, and acquired lipodystrophy.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Glucose Tolerance Test: A test to determine the ability of an individual to maintain HOMEOSTASIS of BLOOD GLUCOSE. It includes measuring blood glucose levels in a fasting state, and at prescribed intervals before and after oral glucose intake (75 or 100 g) or intravenous infusion (0.5 g/kg).Embolism, Fat: Blocking of a blood vessel by fat deposits in the circulation. It is often seen after fractures of large bones or after administration of CORTICOSTEROIDS.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Anti-Obesity Agents: Agents that increase energy expenditure and weight loss by neural and chemical regulation. Beta-adrenergic agents and serotoninergic drugs have been experimentally used in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) to treat obesity.Adiponectin: A 30-kDa COMPLEMENT C1Q-related protein, the most abundant gene product secreted by FAT CELLS of the white ADIPOSE TISSUE. Adiponectin modulates several physiological processes, such as metabolism of GLUCOSE and FATTY ACIDS, and immune responses. Decreased plasma adiponectin levels are associated with INSULIN RESISTANCE; TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS; OBESITY; and ATHEROSCLEROSIS.Whole Body Imaging: The creation of a visual display of the inside of the entire body of a human or animal for the purposes of diagnostic evaluation. This is most commonly achieved by using MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; or POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY.Adipokines: Polypeptides produced by the ADIPOCYTES. They include LEPTIN; ADIPONECTIN; RESISTIN; and many cytokines of the immune system, such as TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR-ALPHA; INTERLEUKIN-6; and COMPLEMENT FACTOR D (also known as ADIPSIN). They have potent autocrine, paracrine, and endocrine functions.Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Fatty Liver: Lipid infiltration of the hepatic parenchymal cells resulting in a yellow-colored liver. The abnormal lipid accumulation is usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES, either as a single large droplet or multiple small droplets. Fatty liver is caused by an imbalance in the metabolism of FATTY ACIDS.Diet, Reducing: A diet designed to cause an individual to lose weight.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Obesity, Morbid: The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Premenopause: The period before MENOPAUSE. In premenopausal women, the climacteric transition from full sexual maturity to cessation of ovarian cycle takes place between the age of late thirty and early fifty.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Adipocytes: Cells in the body that store FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. WHITE ADIPOCYTES are the predominant type and found mostly in the abdominal cavity and subcutaneous tissue. BROWN ADIPOCYTES are thermogenic cells that can be found in newborns of some species and hibernating mammals.Fats, Unsaturated: Fats containing one or more double bonds, as from oleic acid, an unsaturated fatty acid.Body Size: The physical measurements of a body.Cholesterol: The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Dietary Fats, Unsaturated: Unsaturated fats or oils used in foods or as a food.Postmenopause: The physiological period following the MENOPAUSE, the permanent cessation of the menstrual life.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Quantitative Trait Loci: Genetic loci associated with a QUANTITATIVE TRAIT.Physical Fitness: The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Glucose: A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.Fat Necrosis: A condition in which the death of adipose tissue results in neutral fats being split into fatty acids and glycerol.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Lipoproteins: Lipid-protein complexes involved in the transportation and metabolism of lipids in the body. They are spherical particles consisting of a hydrophobic core of TRIGLYCERIDES and CHOLESTEROL ESTERS surrounded by a layer of hydrophilic free CHOLESTEROL; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; and APOLIPOPROTEINS. Lipoproteins are classified by their varying buoyant density and sizes.Asian Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.Bone Density: The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2: A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Crosses, Genetic: Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.Biopsy, Needle: Removal and examination of tissue obtained through a transdermal needle inserted into the specific region, organ, or tissue being analyzed.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.

Abdominal fat and hip fracture risk in the elderly: the Dubbo Osteoporosis Epidemiology Study. (1/459)

BACKGROUND: Fat mass, which is a major component of body weight, is directly related to bone mineral density and reduced fracture risk. It is not known whether abdominal fat is associated with hip fracture. The present study was designed to examine the association between abdominal fat and hip fracture in women and men aged 60+ years. METHODS: This was a nested case-control study with one fracture case being matched with two controls of the same age. In women 63 cases were matched with 126 controls, and in men 26 cases were matched with 52 controls. Hip fracture was confirmed by X-ray and personal interview. Other measurements included weight, height, body mass index (BMI), abdominal fat, and femoral neck bone density (FNBMD). Conditional logistic regression model was used to analyse data. RESULTS: The odds ratio of hip fracture risk associated with each 10% lower abdominal fat was 1.5 (95% CI, 1.1 to 2.1) in women and 1.2 (95% CI, 0.7 to 2.0) in men. However after adjusting for FNBMD or body weight, the abdominal fat-fracture association was no longer statistically significant. Similarly, body weight and BMI was each significantly associated with hip fracture risk (in women), but after taking with account the effect of FNBMD, the association become statistically non-significant. CONCLUSION: Lower abdominal fat was associated with an increased risk of hip fracture in elderly women, but the association was not independent of FNBMD or weight. The contribution of abdominal fat to hip fracture risk is likely to be modest.  (+info)

Inactivity, exercise, and visceral fat. STRRIDE: a randomized, controlled study of exercise intensity and amount. (2/459)

Despite the importance of randomized, dose-response studies for proper evaluation of effective clinical interventions, there have been no dose-response studies on the effects of exercise amount on abdominal obesity, a major risk factor for metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. One hundred seventy-five sedentary, overweight men and women with mild to moderate dyslipidemia were randomly assigned to participate for 6 mo in a control group or for approximately 8 mo in one of three exercise groups: 1) low amount, moderate intensity, equivalent to walking 12 miles/wk (19.2 km) at 40-55% of peak oxygen consumption; 2) low amount, vigorous intensity, equivalent to jogging 12 miles/wk at 65-80% of peak oxygen consumption; or 3) high amount, vigorous intensity, equivalent to jogging 20 miles/wk (32.0 km). Computed tomography scans were analyzed for abdominal fat. Controls gained visceral fat (8.6 +/- 17.2%; P = 0.001). The equivalent of 11 miles of exercise per week, at either intensity, prevented significant accumulation of visceral fat. The highest amount of exercise resulted in decreased visceral (-6.9 +/- 20.8%; P = 0.038) and subcutaneous (-7.0 +/- 10.8%; P < 0.001) abdominal fat. Significant gains in visceral fat over only 6 mo emphasize the high cost of continued inactivity. A modest exercise program, consistent with recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control/American College of Sports Medicine (CDC/ACSM), prevented significant increases in visceral fat. Importantly, a modest increase over the CDC/ACSM exercise recommendations resulted in significant decreases in visceral, subcutaneous, and total abdominal fat without changes in caloric intake.  (+info)

Increased plasma adiponectin in response to pioglitazone does not result from increased gene expression. (3/459)

Plasma levels of adiponectin are lower in obese and insulin-resistant subjects compared with lean and insulin-sensitive ones. Thiazolidinediones increase plasma adiponectin levels in diabetic subjects, although the mechanism of this increased plasma adiponectin has not been well studied. In the present study, we compared the plasma levels and adipose tissue expression of adiponectin in subjects with normal (NGT) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and also studied the effects of metformin and pioglitazone on plasma and adipose tissue mRNA level of adiponectin in IGT subjects. IGT subjects had lower plasma adiponectin levels compared with NGT subjects, and similarly IGT subjects had lower adiponectin mRNA levels. In contrast, the increased plasma levels of adiponectin in response to pioglitazone were not associated with increased adiponectin expression in adipose tissue. Metformin did not cause any change in plasma or expression levels of adiponectin. Other adipokines were examined, and both pioglitazone and metformin decreased plasma levels of resistin in IGT subjects, and pioglitazone (but not metformin) decreased plasma levels of leptin. These data suggest that pioglitazone increases plasma adiponectin levels by posttranscriptional regulation in contrast to transcriptional regulation of adiponectin in relation to insulin sensitivity in NGT vs. IGT subjects.  (+info)

Rats with steroid-induced polycystic ovaries develop hypertension and increased sympathetic nervous system activity. (4/459)

BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine and metabolic disorder associated with ovulatory dysfunction, abdominal obesity, hyperandrogenism, hypertension, and insulin resistance. METHODS: Our objectives in this study were (1) to estimate sympathetic-adrenal medullary (SAM) activity by measuring mean systolic blood pressure (MSAP) in rats with estradiol valerate (EV)-induced PCO; (2) to estimate alpha1a and alpha2a adrenoceptor expression in a brain area thought to mediate central effects on MSAP regulation and in the adrenal medulla; (3) to assess hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis regulation by measuring adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and corticosterone (CORT) levels in response to novel-environment stress; and (4) to measure abdominal obesity, sex steroids, and insulin sensitivity. RESULTS: The PCO rats had significantly higher MSAP than controls, higher levels of alpha1a adrenoceptor mRNA in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN), and lower levels of alpha2a adrenoceptor mRNA in the PVN and adrenal medulla. After exposure to stress, PCO rats had higher ACTH and CORT levels. Plasma testosterone concentrations were lower in PCO rats, and no differences in insulin sensitivity or in the weight of intraabdominal fat depots were found. CONCLUSION: Thus, rats with EV-induced PCO develop hypertension and increased sympathetic and HPA-axis activity without reduced insulin sensitivity, obesity, or hyperandrogenism. These findings may have implications for mechanisms underlying hypertension in PCOS.  (+info)

High prevalence of metabolic syndrome among men in Okinawa. (5/459)

We determined the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in Okinawa from cross-sectional results of an annual physical checkup. We also calculated the homeostasis model assessment ratio (HOMA-R) as an index of insulin resistance, and examined the relationship between HOMA-R and MS. We studied 3,839 men (mean age 49.2 years) and 3,146 women (mean age 50.0 years), a total of 6,985 people aged from 30 to 79 years, who underwent an annual physical checkup in our hospital between May 2003 and March 2004. The diagnosis of MS was based on the criteria in the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III: ATP III). Abdominal circumference was assessed in accordance with the diagnostic criteria of the Japan Society for the Study of Obesity. The prevalence of MS was 30.2% in men and 10.3% in women. Mean HOMA-R significantly increased with an increase in the number of ATP III risk factors. Logistic regression analysis with the independent variables of sex, age, and HOMA-R gave an odds ratio of MS of 3.6 for men, 1.4 for a 10-year age increment, and 2.0 for an elevation of HOMA-R above 1.0.  (+info)

Short-term predictors of abdominal obesity in children. (6/459)

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the short-term tracking of abdominal adiposity in children. METHODS: A total of 918 children (477 boys) aged 6-12 years at baseline were followed-up for 2 years. Central obesity was assessed by waist circumference (WaistC), whereas body fat distribution by waist-to-hip ratio. Maturity was assessed by the Khamis-Roche method. Parental fatness and children's cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) were also evaluated. Multiple and logistic regressions were employed to identify the predictors of BMI and WaistC. RESULTS: Tracking of body fatness and body fat distribution was high (r = 0.69-0.86, P < 0.01). More boys remained obese than girls (P < 0.05), whereas a greater percentage of boys moved to a higher quartile of WaistC after the 2-year follow-up (22.0 vs 14.1%, P < 0.01). Sex, child's maturity and WaistC at baseline, CRF, and maternal BMI explained 76% of the variability in BMI and WaistC at the follow-up (n = 290). Children with high WaistC at baseline and low CRF presented 1.9- and 4.3-fold increased risk of remaining in the upper quartile of WaistC at the follow-up (P < 0.01; n = 552). CONCLUSION: Youth with increased WaistC at baseline and low CRF presented an increased chance of maintaining central obesity at the follow-up. More boys than girls moved into a higher quartile of abdominal obesity during the 2-year follow-up period and this should be taken into account in designing programmes for childhood obesity.  (+info)

Effect of leptin on insulin resistance of muscle--direct or indirect? (7/459)

We examined the effect of leptin on the insulin resistance in skeletal muscles by measuring glucose transport. Male Wistar rats were fed rat chow or high-fat diets for 30 days. Before sacrifice, rats fed high-fat diet were subcutaneously injected with leptin (1 mg/kg b.w.) for 3 days. The glucose transport in epitrochlearis and soleus muscles did not differ in the experimental groups under basal conditions, however these values decreased significantly in the rats fed high-fat diet under insulin stimulation (p<0.01). Leptin treatment recovered the decreased glucose transport in epitrochlearis (p<0.05) and soleus muscles (p=0.08). Triglyceride concentrations in soleus muscles were increased significantly in the rats fed high-fat diet as compared to rats fed chow diet (p<0.01), and were decreased significantly by leptin treatment (p<0.01). The glucose transport was measured under basal conditions and after 60 microU/ml of insulin treatment with or without 50 ng/ml of leptin. Leptin had no direct stimulatory effect on glucose transport under both basal and insulin-stimulated conditions in vitro. These results demonstrate that leptin injection to rats fed high-fat diet recovered impaired insulin responsiveness of skeletal muscles and muscle triglyceride concentrations. However, there was no direct stimulatory effect of leptin on insulin sensitivity of skeletal muscles in vitro.  (+info)

Administration of recombinant human GHRH-1,44-amide for 3 months reduces abdominal visceral fat mass and increases physical performance measures in postmenopausal women. (8/459)

OBJECTIVE: A recent study indicated that twice-daily s.c. administration of a high dose of recombinant human GHRH-1,44-amide (GHRH) for 90 days can alter body composition in healthy older men. No data establish whether this is also true in postmenopausal women. The present study tests the hypothesis that the same GHRH regimen applied in women will: (i) elevate both IGF-I and GH concentrations; and (ii) reduce abdominal visceral fat mass, augment total body water and enhance functional performance. DESIGN: Ten postmenopausal volunteers underwent baseline study and then received 1 mg GHRH twice daily s.c. for 3 months. METHODS: Statistical comparisons were made with pre-intervention baseline data. RESULTS: GHRH administration stimulated: (i) a mean 98 +/- 14% elevation of overnight GH concentrations after administration of the peptide for 1 and 3 months (P < 0.005); (ii) a sustained 71 +/- 3.5% rise in IGF-I concentrations over the interval from 2 weeks to 3 months (P < 0.0012); (iii) a 16 +/- 7% reduction in abdominal visceral fat mass (P = 0.029) and a 14 +/- 5% increase in tri-tiated water space (P < 0.025); (iv) an abbreviation of the times required to walk 30 m (P = 0.015) and ascend two flights of stairs (P = 0.003). Most (70%) subjects experienced local skin reactivity. There were no systemic adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: A 3-month regimen of GHRH supplementation in postmenopausal women can stimulate GH and IGF-I production, reduce abdominal visceral fat and improve selected measures of physical performance, while inducing significant local skin reactivity.  (+info)

The purpose of this study is to test the effects of a drug, eplerenone, along with lifestyle modification to affect sugar metabolism, body fat distribution, and cardiovascular health in HIV-infected individuals. In non-HIV-infected individuals, recent data has shown that aldosterone, a hormone that regulates salt and water balance, is increased in association with increased belly fat and decreased insulin sensitivity. In HIV-infected individuals, aldosterone appears to be higher in individuals with increased belly fat, and increased aldosterone appears to be strongly associated with impaired sugar metabolism. In this study, the investigators will test the effects of eplerenone, which is a medication that blocks the actions of aldosterone, along with lifestyle modification. The investigators hypothesize that eplerenone may improve sugar metabolism, improve markers of cardiovascular health, and reduce fat accumulation in liver and muscle ...
New research from Uppsala University shows that saturated fat builds more fat and less muscle than polyunsaturated fat. This is the first study on humans to show that the fat composition of food not only influences cholesterol levels in the blood and the risk of cardiovascular disease but also determines where the fat will be stored in the body. The findings have recently been published in the American journal Diabetes.
Caponization results in reduced androgen levels, which leads to abdominal fat accumulation in capons. In this study, we sought to understand the molecular mechanisms behind this fat accumulation. Abdominal fat (AF) content increased significantly (P | 0.05) and serum and AF testosterone levels decreased significantly (P | 0.05 or P | 0.01) after caponization. In AF tissue, 90 differentially expressed genes related to lipid metabolism were screened by gene expression profiling in caponized and sham-treated chickens. Among these, six representative genes were significantly up-regulated (APOA1, SCD, FABP7, RXRG, and FADS2) or down-regulated (FABP3) (P | 0.05 or P | 0.01) and were strongly associated with the PPAR pathway. In addition, cell junction pathways were also enriched. In vitro, Fat content was significantly lower in cells treated with testosterone compared with control cells (P | 0.01), and mRNA levels of RXRG, FABP7, and FABP3 changed accordingly, confirming the effect of testosterone on fat
Initial planned enrolment was 12 months, starting August 2008. Eventual enrolment time was 3+ years - decision made to close end of 2011.. Number of patients initially planned: 94 randomized and 74 completers Final number of patients: 80 randomized and 53 completers. ...
The prevalence of abdominal obesity in Quebec is of increasing concern: it has doubled since 1990, from 21 to 48 percent for women and 14 to 32 percent for men.
A small 12-week clinical trial involving 52 overweight, middle-aged adults with high total and LDL cholesterol has found that those who ate a daily snack of almonds significantly improved a number of cardiovascular risk factors compared to those who ate a banana muffin.. Specifically, they decreased total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol non-HDL-cholesterol and remnant lipoproteins, and reduced abdominal fat mass, waist circumference and leg fat mass (not total weight or fat mass - this is about distribution).. The muffin and the 1.5 oz (42g) of whole natural almonds had the same number of calories. Otherwise, the participants ate the same balanced diet. Participants followed each diet for six weeks, with a two-week "washout" period in between. Adherence to the diets was 85%.. http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-01/pn-nrs010615.php. Berryman CE, West SG, Fleming JA, Bordi PL, Kris-Etherton PM. Effects of Daily Almond Consumption on Cardiometabolic Risk and Abdominal Adiposity in Healthy ...
Supplementation with conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) reduced body fat mass particularly in the legs, and had positive effects on lean body mass, says a new clinical trial.. Writing in this months British Journal of Nutrition, researchers from Norway, led by Jean-Michel Gaullier from Link Medical Research AS, report that overweight and obese subjects randomly supplemented to receive a daily dose of Lipid Nutritions Clarinol CLA ingredient experienced an average loss of 3.4 percent in body fat mass, compared to placebo.. The current study is the first to report that the reduction of body fat mass occurred mostly in the legs and that CLA had a tendency to decrease the amount of abdominal fat mass, which is in line with the observed significant decrease in the waist-hip ratio, wrote Gaullier.. The new study, supported by Lipid Nutrition who also provided the Clarinol supplement, recruited 118 overweight and obese men and women (average age 47.3, BMI 28-32 kg per sq.m) and assigned them to receive ...
Obesity is a global epidemic, which is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and metabolic abnormalities. It is measured by body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-hip ratio (WHR), body fat (BF) distribution and abdominal fat mass, each having its own merits and limitations. Variability in body composition between ethnic groups in South-Asians is significant and may not be truly reflected by BMI alone, which may result in misclassification. This study therefore, aims to determine the frequency of obesity, body fat composition and distribution, in a high risk population of an urban slum of Karachi, Pakistan. This survey included 451 participants selected by systematic sampling who were administered pre-tested questionnaires on socio-demographics, diet and physical activity. Chi-square was used to determine the association between categorical variables and multiple linear regression was used for quantitative variables. A P value of less than 0.05 was considered significant. Classified
of physical activity, smoking and dietary habits.. Waist Circumference. Waist circumference is another widely used measurement to determine abdominal fat content. An excess of abdominal fat, when out of proportion to total body fat, is considered a predictor of risk factors related to obesity. Men with a waist measurement exceeding 40 inches are considered at risk. Women are at risk with a waist measurement of 35 inches or greater.. References:. 1. Ogden CL, Carroll MD, McDowell MA, Flegal KM. Obesity among adults in the United States- no change since 2003-2004. NCHS data brief no 1. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2007 http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/index.html. 2. Katherine M. Flegal; Barry I. Graubard; David F. Williamson; Mitchell H. Gail. Excess Deaths Associated With Underweight, Overweight, and ObesityJAMA, April 20, 2005; 293: 1861 - 1867.. 3. Eric A. Finkelstein, Justin G. Trogdon, Joel W. Cohen, William Dietz, [Health Affairs 28, no. 5 (2009): w822-w831 ...
We found a strong independent relationship between both visceral and subcutaneous adiposity with insulin resistance. Increased levels of fat in these depots were significantly associated with lower SI, the impact of which was enhanced by a significant inverse interaction term. Thus, high levels of fat in both depots lead to substantial insulin resistance. Moreover, the fat measures explained over one-quarter of the model variance (27 of 43.5%), with VAT being a more potent predictor than SAT. The effects were similar across ethnic groups and sex. However, in the obese, there was no statistical evidence of an interaction between VAT and SAT. The relationship between abdominal fat and insulin secretion was quite different: subcutaneous, but not visceral, adiposity was an important correlate of AIR. In this population, age, not fat, explained the greatest proportion of the variance in AIR. When SI is included in the AIR model, both SAT and VAT (inverse) are significant correlates. Finally, VAT ...
Methods for assessment, e.g., anthropometric indicators and imaging techniques, of several phenotypes of human obesity, with special reference to abdominal fat content, have been evaluated. The correlation of fat distribution with age, gender, total body fat, energy balance, adipose tissue lipoprote …
Abdominal fat is one of the things most commonly cited when people are asked what they would change about themselves. More technically known as central obes
Excessive abdominal fat tissue diagnosis and consultation (costs for program #268339) ✔ Alfried Krupp Hospital in Essen-Steele ✔ Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, Aesthetic and Hand Surgery ✔ BookingHealth.com
At Shen Therapies, we have long known the health implications of excess abdominal fats on everything from minor health complaints, right through to decreasing your fertility. Excess abdominal fats lead to inflammatory diseases processes in the body and they also lead to excess bad hormones and we are now calling these "Obestrogens". This is why health authorities are worried about the increasing weights and abdominal fats in adults and in children, because it is quite literally leading them to early graves.. In April 2016, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) reevaluated the impact of weight control through modifiable dietary and lifestyle risk factors on lowering cancer risk. They defined overweight and obesity as abnormal or excessive body fat accumulation negatively affecting health.. Obesity affected approximately 640 million adults worldwide in 2014, a 6-fold increase from 1975, and 110 million youth in 2013, doubled since 1980. Deaths caused by overweight and obesity ...
Joseph AM, Venkatasubramanian G, Sharma PS. A six-to-ten weeks follow-up study on the effects of olanzapine on abdominal fat and other metabolic parameters in patients with psychoses--an imaging-based study with controls. East Asian Arch Psychiatry. 2011 Mar;21(1):10-6. ...
Abdominal fat, or visceral fat, is a particularly harmful type of fat sitting around your organs. The first two weeks of loss of abdominal fat is most important because diet and exercise changes can cause relatively large weight loss in a short time. Please adjust your lifestyle to learn the truth about how the body stores and eliminates belly fat, and reduce fat to the utmost. ...
Health,Fat tissue around the abdomen is an abominable sight indeed. Further...Rothwell and colleague Chris Pemberton actively involved in Chris...Dr Sarah Rothwell explained that heart-attack sufferers portraying...Dr Sarah Rothwell said Our study shows the heart only recovers 6...Previous research has substantiated the numerous harmful proteins ...,The,Big,Issue,About,Abdominal,Fat,Tissue,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Although her that extra belly fat can believe is ugly, is only part of the problem. Extra abdominal fat is also very dangerous to health.. As you can see how the weight loss system weight starts to be ready for all the body parts. Those who try to lose will eventually lead to healthy diets and physical activity plan of the fat in the abdomen.. If you want to reduce weight and abdominal fat is a good idea to hire an internal trainer and coach, who teaches you what to do and you stay motivated to do it. The secret is not the best coaching and help, is not likely to get ahead, or even stop and blank for the wind to get the weight.. Decreasing body fat levels calls for positive approaches do not come from the diet pills or diet drinks. the secret is in the speed and weight reduction plans in our professional trainer or coach or get an untrusted source.. Regular Exercise helps in stomach, heart problems, reduce shaking. This is not the most favorable case, but at least it keeps the body moves. Is a ...
Excess fat on your chest and abs not only obscures your six-pack, but it may pose a serious health risk. An ample abdomen is a symptom of excess visceral...
M. Evans and Company, New York, NY 1998 pg. 49 4 Bjorntorp P., Metabolic Difference between visceral and subcutaneous abdominal fat. Diabetes Metab, 2000. 263 pg. 10-12
This cracked me up. It takes a university funded study to figure this out. Hahahaha. http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20051013/...e_abdominal_dc By Amy
Some diseases and conditions could be responsible for your abdominal fat. Mita Majumdar | Updated: April 24, 2017 6:15 pm Visceral fat or unhealthy belly fat that surrounds the liver and other organs in the abdomen puts you at risk for serious health problems, such as, metabolic syndrome, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes. But,…
A new study has revealed that obese people with excess visceral fat (abdominal fat that surrounds the bodys internal organs) have an increased risk for the development of Type 2 diabetes.
Next article in issue: The impact of maternal high-fat feeding on liver and abdominal fat accumulation in adult offspring under a long-term high-fat diet Next article in issue: The impact of maternal high-fat feeding on liver and abdominal fat accumulation in adult offspring under a long-term high-fat diet ...
Background: Abdominal fat distributions are reportedly strongly associated with metabolic risks in type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, research on fat distribution in adolescents with type 2 diabetes mellitus has been limited.. Aim: To investigate fat distribution characteristics in adolescents with type 2 diabetes mellitus for comparison to those with simple obesity in Japan.. Design/Methods: Sixty-one adolescents 10 to 15 years of age with simple obesity or type 2 diabetes mellitus, who visited our outpatient clinics between 2002 and 2018, were enrolled in this study with ethics approval. Simple obesity was defined as a BMI ≥95%ile without. Serum lipids, ALT and HbA1c were measured without fasting. Visceral fat area (VFA) and subcutaneous fat area (SFA) were investigated using umbilical level CT scans. Subjects were classified into 2 subgroups: simple obesity group (n=38) or the type 2 diabetes mellitus group (n=23).. Results: Comparisons between the 2 groups are shown in Table 1. VFA and the ...
Adipose tissue was obtained from six women undergoing liposuction twice at 6-mo intervals. Samples obtained bilaterally from abdomen, inner thigh, and outer thigh had fatty acids quantified by gas chromatography. There were no important differences between sides or over time. The saturates 14:0, 16:0, 18:0, and 20:0 were higher in abdominal adipose than in outer thigh (P < 0.002 for all); 16:1 and 18:1 omega 9 were lower in abdomen vs outer thigh (P < 0.01), whereas 18:1 omega 7 and 20:1 omega 9 were unchanged. Polyunsaturates 18:2 omega 6, 20:3 omega 6, and 20:4 omega 6 were higher in outer thigh than in abdomen (P < 0.06), and inner thigh values were intermediate. These changes in fatty acid composition resulted in lower mean triglyceride melting points from abdomen to inner thigh to outer thigh, and suggest that temperature may influence the selection process determining the variation in adipose fatty acid composition with anatomical location. Because the site-specific differences included ...
Research continues to reveal that consuming grapefruit benefits weight loss in a a major way.† The key may be an enzyme called AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which appears to get activated by an organic compound in grapefruit called nootkatone. When AMPK gets activated, it encourages the bodys energy-producing processes, like glucose uptake, for example, which helps boost metabolism. That, in turn, can encourage weight loss. AMPK is generally activated during exercise to help muscles use stored sugar and fat for energy.. An animal study published in the American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism demonstrated how long-term intake of nootkatone "significantly reduced high-fat and high-sucrose diet-induced body weight gain, abdominal fat accumulation, and the development of hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, and hyperleptinemia." The study concluded that not only can grapefruits nootkatone likely help to prevent obesity, but it can also improve overall physical ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Abdominal adiposity by ultrasonography. T2 - A "pocket" database for reference standard in Italian people. AU - Bazzocchi, Alberto. AU - Ponti, Federico. AU - Diano, Danila. AU - Moio, Antonio. AU - Albisinni, Ugo. AU - Pasquali, Renato. AU - Battista, Giuseppe. PY - 2014/12/1. Y1 - 2014/12/1. N2 - Aims To provide a reference standard database of ultrasonographic parameters of abdominal adiposity in healthy people.Methods Italian non-obese volunteers among blood donors were enrolled in 5 age bands (from 18 to 70 year-old) to reach the threshold of 25 males and 25 females per single band (total: 250). All subjects were measured for weight, height and waist circumference and underwent ultrasonography (US) by an expert radiologist for the assessment of several abdominal fat thicknesses (minimum and maximum subcutaneous fat thickness, maximum preperitoneal fat thickness, intrabdominal fat thickness, aorto-mesenteric thickness, and mesenteric fat thickness). In addition, US data were ...
Mouse study provides important clue as to how females stay healthier than males, even as body fat increases. October 23, 2018. Science Daily/York University. In a new study, researchers found that the abdominal fat on female mice had more blood vessels than the fat on male mice, and that this protected the health of the female mice as they gained fat from eating a high-fat diet.. Published today in Frontiers in Physiology -- Vascular Physiology, the research focuses on the differences between abdominal fat in obese male and female mice. A team of researchers under the direction of Professor Tara Haas found that the abdominal fat on female mice had more blood vessels than the fat on male mice, and that this protected the health of the female mice as they gained fat from eating a high-fat diet.. Males and females develop fat tissue differently and also differ in susceptibility to cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance and diabetes. However, the underlying biology behind why fat tissue in ...
Rationale: A high waist circumference is associated with an increased risk for type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and CVD in patients with a BMI in a range between 25 and 34.9 kg/m2 (82). Monitoring changes in waist circumference over time may be helpful, in addition to measuring BMI, since it can provide an estimate of increased abdominal fat even in the absence of a change in BMI. Furthermore, in obese patients with metabolic complications, changes in waist circumference are useful predictors of changes in CVD risk factors (537). There are ethnic and age-related differences in body fat distribution that modify the predictive validity of waist circumference as a surrogate for abdominal fat (526). These variations may partly explain differences between ethnic or age groups in the power of waist circumference or waist-to-hip (WHR) ratio to predict disease risks (429, 543). In some populations, waist circumference is a better indicator of relative disease risk than is BMI: examples ...
Recently, the use of waist circumference (WC) has been substituting the BMI as a measure of obesity and health. Waist circumference has been found to strongly correlate with adverse cardio-vascular events or diseases such as diabetes. This correlation between waist circumference and bad health is stronger than that of BMI.. Waist circumference correlates with bad health stronger than BMI does. The logic behind this shift in health policy makers attitude lies in the fact that not all fat is the same. More and more scientific data is coming in, showing that fatty tissue is not just a storage for calories but rather a living, functioning organ that is capable of communicating with the rest of the body.. It turns out that there are two main fat distributions that can be identified in people: Abdominal fat ("pot belly" or "apple shaped" or "male type") and Hip fat ("pear fat" or "female type"). These pictures might clear things up a bit more:. ...
Aim: To examine the relationship between birth weight (BW) and abdominal adiposity in adolescents.. Research Design and Methods: A total of 284 adolescents (49.3% females) aged 14.9±1.2 years were included in the study. BW and gestational age were obtained from parental records. Abdominal adiposity (in three regions: R1, R2, and R3), trunk and total body fat mass (FM) were measured by DXA. Regional FM indexes (FMI=FM/height2) were thereafter calculated (Trunk FMI and abdominal FMI R1, R2, and R3).. Results: BW was negatively associated with abdominal FMI R1, R2 and R3 independently of total FM, gestational age, gender, breastfeeding duration, pubertal stage, physical activity and socioeconomic status (all P,0.01).. Conclusions: Our study shows an inverse association between BW and abdominal adiposity in adolescents, independently of total FM and other potential confounders. These findings suggest that fetal nutrition, as reflected by BW, may have a programming effect on abdominal adiposity ...
Wormser, D., Di Angelantonio, E., Sattar, N. , Collins, R., Thompson, S. and Danesh, J. (2011) Body-mass index, abdominal adiposity, and cardiovascular risk - Authors reply. Lancet, 378(9787), p. 228. (doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(11)61122-7) ...
Ah, done with knockout mice, not with an actual ACE inhibitor. Thats always questionable, because you dont know what other developmental stages have been affected by the gene knockout that could be responsible for the reduced fat (and, really, its not quite correct to say it reduces body fat, since it sounds like those mice never actually put on that fat). Thats a different scenario than reducing fat in someone who already is overweight. Im not quite sure that abdominal fat in mice translates well to abdominal fat in people either ...
There is a saying about what matters in real estate: location, location, location. The same holds true for your personal real estate. When you look in a mirror, where do you see extra pounds?. Weighing too much is harmful, but the location of those extra pounds can worsen the risk. Simply put, extra weight around your middle puts you at greater risk for heart disease.. "For both men and women, abdominal fat carries the greatest health risk," says Dr. James M. Rippe, associate professor of medicine at Tufts University School of Medicine and author of 26 health and fitness books, including The Healthy Heart for Dummies. He says the so-called apple-shaped body is more dangerous because abdominal fat cells cause greater metabolic changes. Those changes can include insulin resistance (a forerunner of diabetes) and a faster heartbeat.. The body mass index (BMI) has become the standard way to learn the healthy weight for your height. In general, BMI can accurately determine if you are of normal weight, ...
Walking is an excellent exercise for burning calories and for improving cardiovascular fitness. Recent research has revealed that fast walking is superior to slow walking, especially for reducing abdominal fat. Overweight women who walked at a fast pace lost significantly more abdominal fat than those who walked at a slow pace, even though both groups did the same amount of walking over the six-month study period.
Do you notice a big bulge around your midsection when you stare in the mirror? Are you wondering how it got there? The honest truth is most people a so busy with their day to day lives that they had no idea they were putting on so much weight. One of the most affected areas is you midsection the par
How does visceral abdominal fat area compare to waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio as an indicator of a high-risk factor for hyperglycemia?
The biggest reason that occasional fasting functions for weight loss are it allows you to consume fewer unhealthy calories.. The many various methods entail skipping foods during the fasting intervals. Unless you repay when you eat a lot more throughout the consuming ranges, you will then be ingesting a lot fewer energy.. As outlined by a recent 2014 review study, occasional fasting can cause significant fat loss. With this review, occasional fasting discovered to lessen weight by 3-8Per cent over 3-24 days.. When evaluating the rate of weight loss, individuals misplaced about .55 lbs (.25 kg) a week with occasional fasting, but 1.65 kilos (.75 kilograms) weekly with different-time fasting.. Individuals also shed 4-7Percent in their midsection circumference, suggesting they shed abdominal fat.. These outcomes are very impressive, and so they do show that irregular fasting can be quite a helpful weight-loss assist.. All that said, the key benefits of sporadic fasting go way beyond just fat loss. ...
Millions of people in the world are suffering from excess abdominal fat which is not only making them look unattractive, it also has a negative outcome on their health.
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People, who have excessive abdominal fat are more likely to acquire heart disease and cancer than individuals having similar body mass index (BMI) but carrying their fat in other places, a study has revealed.
Obesity is associated with reduced memory and thinking skills in adults aged 60 to 70, especially those with greater amounts of abdominal fat, according to a new study.
So Ive been trying to lose some weight (read: abdominal fat) for the past 2 months or so, and until last week, I stayed pretty stable at around 195 pounds (Im 6 ft, male, 20). However, starting at m...
Our previous research revealed that lots of proteins as well as the known allergens of never have been fully characterized. main allergens5. Although there are numerous things that trigger allergies BMS-790052 2HCl in the new atmosphere, such as for example those within dirt mites, pollen, cockroaches, fungi and pet feathers, a lot more than 70C80% of asthma individuals are sensitized to dirt mites, while significantly less than 40% asthma individuals are sensitized to additional airborne allergens, recommending that there could be some unfamiliar mechanisms where dirt mites facilitate the introduction of allergic illnesses6. Imbalance of Th1 and Th2 response is definitely the main pathogenesis of allergic disease7,8. Dendritic cells (DCs) catch allergens and present allergen info to T cells9. There are a variety of pattern reputation receptors (PRRs), such as for example Toll-like receptors (TLRs), on the top of DCs that recognize microbial items10. Allergen-primed DCs activate naive T cells to ...
Effect of Dietary Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) on Abdominal Fat Deposition in Yellow-feather Broiler Chickens and Its Possible Mechanism - Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA);Yellow-feather Broiler Chicken;Adipose Tissue;Somatropic Axis;Adiponectin;
According to the National Institutes of Health, a high Waist Circumference (WC) is associated with an increased risk for type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension and cardiovascular disease when the BMI is between 25 and 34.9. (A BMI greater than 25 is considered overweight and a BMI greater than 30 is considered obese.) Waist Circumference can be useful for those people categorized as normal or overweight in terms of BMI. (For example, an athlete with increased muscle mass may have a BMI greater than 25 - making him or her overweight on the BMI scale - but a Waist Circumference measurement would most likely indicate that he or she is, in fact, not overweight). Changes in Waist Circumference over time can indicated an increase or decrease in abdominal fat. Increased abdominal fat is associated with an increased risk of heart disease.. To determine your Waist Circumference, locate the upper hip bone and place a measuring tape around the abdomen (ensuring that the tape measure is horizontal). ...
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES There is a lack of studies on obesity measured by outer abdominal fat (OAF), which describes abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness with regard to spino-pelvic parameters. We investigated OAF and its physiologic values on computed tomography (CT) scans with regard to age, gender, facet joint (FJ) arthritis, FJ orientation, lumbar lordosis (LL) and pelvic incidence (PI). MATERIAL AND METHOD CT scans of 620 individuals, with a mean age of 42.5 years were reviewed. OAF, lumbar FJs, LL and PI were evaluated. RESULTS OAF showed a mean value of 19.7 millimeters (mm). It significantly increased with age until 70 years and decreased thereafter (p ⩽ 0.0001). There was no significant gender difference. OAF was significantly increased with FJ arthritis (p=0.01), but not with FJ orientation. OAF was not significantly associated with LL or PI.CONCLUSION: OAF on CT scans has a mean value of 19.7 millimeters. It is higher in the older age groups until 70 years. As a novelty ...
Authors: Ö. Hakan MUĞLALI, Ahmet ERGÜN, Soner DOĞAN, İlker DIBIRDIK, N. Kemal NAZAROĞLU, Ayhan GÜLER, Gökhan OBA Abstract: This study has been done to determine to effect of force-feeding on fatty liver production and blood parameters of native and Romanov geese. In the study; 22 native and 18 Romanov adult ganders were used. Cramming period lasted 35 days. In the blood samples taken different part of the study, were analysed for fatty acids, like triglyceid, cholesterol, HDL and LDL and hepatic enzymes, like SGOT, SGPT and ALP. Fatty acids levels increased with the paralel accumilation of fat in the body and also hepatic enzyme levels increased paralel with the tissue destruction. Carcas, fatty liver and abdominal fat content of Romanov and native geese were 5300.00±225.30 - 4085.55±279.98 g, 350.32±18.12 - 277.36±8.06 g and 722.22±44.18 - 509.54±83.08 g respectively. Lauric, myristic, palmytic, stearic, oleic, linoleic, acid contents of liver samples of treatment goups were ...
If you answered yes to any one of the above questions, the BioBelt may be the perfect fit for you!. The BioBelt generates Smooth Far Infrared Rays from 8 unique gem stones to reduce abdominal fat, provide relief from back pain, and deliver thermotherapeutic treatment to the abdominal area (increasing serotonin and heat shock protein). Versatile and adjustable, the BioBelt is an easy way to integrate the benefits of Smooth Far Infrared technology into your daily life. The BioBelt has a completely different vibration from the BioMat.. High Blood Pressure, Diabetes and Cholesterol are but a few of the prevalent diseases that are suffered by many people today, and usually occur due to excessive abdominal fat. The main reason abdominal fat increases in our body is deeply related to hypothermia. Our internal organs need warmth in order to conduct effective digestion and maintain our immune system.. Have you tried diet after diet and perhaps even lost weight, only to remain frustrated with stubborn ...
... abdominal fat reduction; aerobic exercise; inhibitors of cholesterol synthesis (known as statins); low normal blood glucose ... This causes thinning and the wall balloons allowing gross enlargement to occur, as is common in the abdominal region of the ... they are not composed of fat cells but of accumulations of white blood cells, especially macrophages, that have taken up ...
... subcutaneous abdominal fat > lung > heart > abdominal skin > bladder > gastrointestinal tract > bone marrow > brain > muscle > ...
Visceral fat[edit]. See also: Abdominal obesity. Visceral fat or abdominal fat[8] (also known as organ fat or intra-abdominal ... are specifically designed to measure abdominal volume and abdominal fat. Excess visceral fat is also linked to type 2 diabetes, ... "Reduce Abdominal Fat". Estrogen causes fat to be stored around the pelvic region, hips, butt and thighs (pelvic region). ... "Abdominal fat and what to do about it". President & Fellows of Harvard College. September 2005. Visceral fat more of a health ...
... develop severe and persisting abdominal pain that is disproportionate to their abdominal findings".[15] ... Pereira JM, Sirlin CB, Pinto PS, Jeffrey RB, Stella DL, Casola G (2004). "Disproportionate fat stranding: a helpful CT sign in ... abdominal pain was present in 95% (median of 24 hours duration). The other three patients presented with shock and metabolic ... A hyper active stage occurs first, in which the primary symptoms are severe abdominal pain and the passage of bloody stools. ...
Instead, being on a caloric deficit is recommended for reducing abdominal fat. Toning exercises "Fat loss and weight training ... "The Effect of Abdominal Exercise on Abdominal Fat". Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25 (9): 2559-64. doi:10.1519 ... Instead, fat is lost from the entire body as a result of diet and regular exercise. Muscle growth in the abdominal region does ... Spot reduction refers to the fallacy that fat can be targeted for reduction from a specific area of the body through exercise ...
"Abdominal fat and what to do about it". Harvard Health Publications. Harvard Medical School. 2006. Retrieved 5 June 2013. ... Subcutaneous fat is found just beneath the skin, as opposed to visceral fat, which is found in the peritoneal cavity, and can ... Subcutaneous fat is the layer of subcutaneous tissue that is most widely distributed. It is composed of adipocytes, which are ... It is used mainly for fat storage. A layer of tissue lies immediately below the dermis of vertebrate skin. It is often referred ...
Straker, Lorian Cobra; Jehl, Joseph R. (2017). "Rapid mobilization of abdominal fat in migrating eared grebes". Journal of ... This additional fat is used to power the black-necked grebe's overnight fall migration to its wintering grounds. The fat is ...
Loss of abdominal fat with maintenance of muscle mass; 3) Reduced blood pressure and heart rate, and increased heart rate ... In a related study, Mattson showed that rats fed with a high-fat, high-glucose diet supplemented with fructose corn syrup ...
19 A chief risk factor for prediabetes is excess abdominal fat. Obesity increases one's risk for a variety of other medical ... migration from rural to urban areas and a higher susceptibility to accumulate abdominal fat and develop more insulin resistance ... The Latin American populations exhibit a high prevalence of abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome, similar or even higher ... refers to a cluster of related risk factors for cardiovascular disease that includes abdominal obesity, diabetes, hypertension ...
"Abdominal fat and what to do about it". Harvard Health Publications. Harvard Medical School. 2006. Retrieved 5 June 2013.. ... Subcutaneous fat is found just beneath the skin, as opposed to visceral fat, which is found in the peritoneal cavity,[12] and ... Subcutaneous fatEdit. Cross-sections of the torso of a person of normal weight (left) and an obese person (right), taken by CT ... Subcutaneous fat is the layer of subcutaneous tissue that is most widely distributed.[1] It is composed of adipocytes, which ...
Thickness of the rectus abdominis muscle and the abdominal subcutaneous fat tissue. Kim, Jungmin; Lim, Hyoseob; Lee, Se Il; Kim ... An abdominal muscle strain, also called a pulled abdominal muscle, is an injury to one of the muscles of the abdominal wall. A ... "Thickness of Rectus Abdominis Muscle and Abdominal Subcutaneous Fat Tissue in Adult Women: Correlation with Age, Pregnancy, ... Anterior abdominal wall. Deep dissection. Anterior view. Example of a man with a visible rectus abdominis Divarication of ...
Visceral fat or abdominal fat (also known as organ fat or intra-abdominal fat) is located inside the abdominal cavity, packed ... a method to measure body fat percentage. Body Volume Index - a method to measure abdominal volume and abdominal fat. Blubber - ... are specifically designed to measure abdominal volume and abdominal fat. Excess visceral fat is also linked to type 2 diabetes ... Fat on the Inside: Looking Thin is Not Enough, By Fiona Haynes, About.com Abdominal fat and what to do about it, President & ...
In summary, although abdominal or visceral fat tissue is best described to contribute to metabolic disease, abdominal fat is by ... A prime example would be subcutaneous fat tissue found in the abdominal region. Accumulation of fat tissue in this region may ... There are grounds for suspicion that sick abdominal fat tissue may produce factors that cause subcutaneous fat tissue to also ... In summary, it has been known for decades that adverse changes in fat cell and fat tissue anatomy result in sick fat which ...
"Trans Fat Diet Induces Abdominal Obesity and Changes in Insulin Sensitivity in Monkeys". Obesity. 15 (7): 1675-1684. doi: ... The high trans fat group gained 30% more belly fat compared to their lower trans fat counterparts. The researchers concluded ... A diet high in protein and fat, but with fewer carbohydrates A diet low in fat, emphasizing whole grains, fruit and vegetables ... Fat, in particular is emulsified by bile produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder where it is released to the small ...
Abdominal fat, specifically visceral fat, is most directly affected by engaging in aerobic exercise. Strength training has been ... and an appropriate immune response are factors that mediate metabolism in relation to the abdominal fat. Therefore, physical ... Research into the benefits of HIIT have revealed that it can be very successful for reducing fat, especially around the ... Westcott, W.L.; La Rosa Loud, R. (2014). "Strength for fat loss training". American Fitness. 32 (1): 18-22. Westerlind, K. C. ( ...
"Green Tea Catechin Consumption Enhances Exercise-Induced Abdominal Fat Loss in Overweight and Obese Adults". Journal of ...
"Comparable Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training and Prolonged Continuous Exercise Training on Abdominal Visceral Fat ... Fat oxidation[edit]. A 2007 study examined HIIT's physiological effects on fat oxidation in moderately active women.[27] The ... The study found that seven sessions of HIIT over a 2-week period improved whole body fat oxidation and the capacity for ... A 2010 systematic review of HIIT summarized the results of HIIT on fat loss and stated that HIIT can result in modest ...
In these studies, abdominal fat decreased with sugar replacement by isomaltulose or when replacing breakfast calories. ... The higher insulin concentration also promotes carbohydrate oxidation at the expense of fat oxidation, thus promoting fat ... a process that supports both fat oxidation and lowering of fat storage. Practical implications seem to be several, higher rates ... When compared with other ingested carbohydrates, isomaltulose allows higher rates of fat oxidation to fuel energy demanding ...
In their abdominal cavities, large amounts of white-colored fat are stored beneath the intersegmental membrane. Foundresses can ... In some cases, the queen may be smaller than some of the worker wasps on the nest, weighing less and having a lower fat content ... Heavier wasps, as well as those with more fat content, typically have greater ovarian development; dry weight is typically more ... Much of P. annularis's dominance hierarchy is dependent on dry weight, residue weight, wing length, and fat content. Females ...
The size of a person's waist or waist circumference, indicates abdominal obesity. Excess abdominal fat is a risk factor for ... It measures the proportion by which fat is distributed around the torso. Waist-hip ratios of 0.7 for women and 0.9 for men have ... Abdominal obesity Alvinolagnia Belly dance Body modification Human body Midriff Navel Rib removal Waist-hip ratio Category: ...
Olsen KE, Sletten K, Westermark P (1998). "Extended analysis of AL-amyloid protein from abdominal wall subcutaneous fat biopsy ...
... "hard fat", distinct from the visceral fat that occurs in the abdominal cavity and is called "soft fat" and leaf lard. ... Like other types of pig fat, fatback may be rendered to make a high quality lard, and is one source of salt pork. Finely diced ... It consists of the layer of adipose tissue (subcutaneous fat) under the skin of the back, with or without the skin (pork rind ... Vegetable fats. *Bassia tallow (Illipé butter, Katiau butter, Mohrah butter, Phulwa butter) ...
Extracardiac biopsies of tissues of the kidney, liver, peripheral nerve, or abdominal fat can be used to confirm the presence ...
While the fat returned somewhat to the treated area, most of the increased fat occurred in the abdominal area. Visceral fat - ... Pieces of fat can wind up in the lungs, or even the brain. Fat emboli may cause permanent disability or, in some cases, be ... While the suctioned fat cells are permanently gone, after a few months overall body fat generally return to the same level as ... and Long-Term Effects of Abdominal Lipectomy on Weight and Fat Mass in Females: A Systematic Review". Obesity Surgery. 25 (10 ...
... which reduces intra-abdominal fat. It improves lipid profile, glucose tolerance, and waist measurement. Therefore, it has ... It enhances the sensitivity of insulin receptors on the surface of muscle and fat cells and activates genes that reduce the ... making fat cells more repsonsive to insulin by binding to their PPAR receptors Agents that modulate sirtuins (called STAC - ...
The yolk sac (2) surrounding the yolk (3) contains protein and fat rich nutrients that are absorbed by the embryo via vessels ( ... This is because they use their abdominal muscles to breathe during locomotion. The last species to have been studied is the red ...
The correlation between abdominal fat and metabolic dysfunction has since been validated in many studies, and waist ... In the early 1980s, we analyzed the metabolic profile of 930 men and women and concluded that an abdominal distribution of fat ... visceral fat is only one of many ectopic fat depots used when the subcutaneous adipose tissue cannot accommodate excess fat ...
Other detailed studies have shown that increased visceral/intra-abdominal fat is a marker of increased ectopic fat in other ... preponderance of abdominal fat and a large waist circumference are characterized by both increased visceral/intra-abdominal fat ... rather than subcutaneous fat, and was based on venous drainage of visceral/intra-abdominal fat into the portal circulation and ... abdominal fat distribution can now be considered a marker of ectopic fat in many sites. Moreover, these studies support ectopic ...
The correlation between abdominal fat and metabolic dysfunction has since been validated in many studies, and waist ... In the early 1980s, we analyzed the metabolic profile of 930 men and women and concluded that an abdominal distribution of fat ... visceral fat is only one of many ectopic fat depots used when the subcutaneous adipose tissue cannot accommodate excess fat ...
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... found that there is a direct correlation between the level of visceral fat in the abdomen and the risk of developing dementia. ... Having higher levels of abdominal fat during middle age may increase a persons risk of developing dementia, it has been ... Having higher levels of abdominal fat during middle age may increase a persons risk of developing dementia, it has been ... found that there is a direct correlation between the level of visceral fat in the abdomen and the risk of developing dementia. ...
Top 5 Foods that Fight Abdominal Fat. Posted on 17. Jan, 2011 by admin in Blog ... Here for your FREE presentation with important tips on fat burning foods and weird workouts for guys to lose abdominal fat. ... to share with you 5 Top Foods That Fight Abdominal Fat! ... that burn belly fat faster than typical cardio ... 3 Common Foods that is marketed as "healthy" that will increase your stomach fat… You want to stay AWAY from these! ...
... Obesity (Silver ... The effects of consuming traditional (~15%) versus higher (~35%) protein intakes as three or six meals/day on abdominal fat, ... Total body fat (BF) and abdominal BF (ABF), body weight (BW), TEM, and fasting biomarkers were assessed at the end of CON, BAL ...
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Excess abdominal fat places health middle-aged people at a higher risk of dementia in later life, researchers have found. ... Excess abdominal fat places health middle-aged people at a higher risk of dementia in later life, researchers have found. ... particularly the visceral fat component of abdominal obesity, and risk of dementia and Alzheimers disease. ...
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  • A low carbohydrate diet has the potential to reduce abdominal fat and adverse lipid changes in patients with type 2 diabetes. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • The aim was to study the role played by the lipid component, in other words, dietary fat, in the build-up of abdominal fat, in adolescents. (medindia.net)
  • After the intervention, whole-body fat reduction and serum lipid profile modification were similar in the HIIT and MICT groups. (srce.hr)
  • OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on lipid metabolism, glycemic control, total body and central abdominal fat, blood pressure (BP), and arterial pulse wave velocity (APWV) in overweight postmenopausal females with type 2 diabetes. (garvan.org.au)
  • The present study proposes a potential explanation for such an association, showing that polyunsaturated fatty acids can affect fat distribution in the body more favorably than saturated fats, probably by regulating increased energy combustion or decreased storage of visceral fat in connection with calorie-rich diets. (eurekalert.org)
  • Substitute whole grains -- like whole-wheat bread or pasta, brown rice or quinoa -- in place of refined grains, like white bread, and look to olive oil, nuts, seeds and avocado as sources of fat, instead of fried foods, butter and fatty dairy products, which contain unhealthy saturated fats. (livestrong.com)
  • An amino acid substitution in the human intestinal fatty acid binding protein is associated with increased fatty acid binding, increased fat oxidation, and insulin resistance. (semanticscholar.org)
  • This condition allows small fats (fatty acids) to leave fat cells and enter the blood, then enter the muscle cells where fat can then be used as energy. (huggies-cdn.net)
  • However, when blood insulin levels are high (most commonly after a meal that is rich in sugars), fatty acids are unable to exit fat cells which sends fatty acids packing, but back into fat cells. (huggies-cdn.net)
  • While the early stages, based on gross appearance, have traditionally been termed fatty streaks by pathologists, they are not composed of fat cells but of accumulations of white blood cells, especially macrophages, that have taken up oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL). (wikipedia.org)
  • Even though excess subcutaneous body fat is more benign than excess visceral fat, excess body fat of any kind is unlikely to be health-promoting. (amazonaws.com)
  • It will take over a month for a man weighing 150 lbs and with 10 percent body fat to die from starvation, and death will not be typically caused by too little body fat being left for use as a source of energy. (amazonaws.com)
  • This means that someone with a 34-inch waist (measured at the navel) may have a lower body fat percentage than someone with a 33-inch waist. (amazonaws.com)
  • The increase in body fat and the distribution of fat in the body was measured using a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI scans) before and after the weight gain, as was the muscle mass in the body. (eurekalert.org)
  • Moreover the total amount of body fat was greater in the saturated fat group, while, on the other hand, the increase in muscle mass was three times less for those who ate saturated fat compared with those who ate polyunsaturated fat. (eurekalert.org)
  • Thus, gaining weight on excess calories from polyunsaturated fat caused more gain in muscle mass, and less body fat than overeating a similar amount of saturated fat. (eurekalert.org)
  • Our data showed that consumption of oat reduced body weight, BMI, body fat and the waist-to-hip ratio. (springer.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to test the effects of a drug, eplerenone, along with lifestyle modification to affect sugar metabolism, body fat distribution, and cardiovascular health in HIV-infected individuals. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The oxygen cost was markedly increased in some but not all of the women, even when their overall body fat was similar. (eurekalert.org)
  • Age, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), percentage of overall body fat (as determined by hydrostatic or underwater weighing), and pulmonary function at rest all were similar among all the women. (eurekalert.org)
  • Not all body fat is the same. (lifeextension.com)
  • Although scientists are still deciphering the roles of individual hormones, it's becoming clear that excess body fat, especially abdominal fat, disrupts the normal balance and functioning of these hormones. (harvard.edu)
  • Therefore, implementing a few components for reducing body fat will be appropriate. (infobarrel.com)
  • Visceral, subcutaneous, and total abdominal fat were measured using CT, while DEXA was used to measure central abdominal and total body fat. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Thus, the first objective of this study was to measure body fat distribution in Asian Indians in relation to type 2 diabetes. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) is usually used to measure total body fat ( 15 ) but recently has also been used to measure central abdominal fat ( 16 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • HOW TO get rid of visceral fat: Deemed the most dangerous type of body fat, visceral fat is considered harmful because of where it's stored in the body. (express.co.uk)
  • But while it's the most dangerous body fat it's actually the easiest to lose. (express.co.uk)
  • 3. Boring repetitive cardio exercise routines are NOT the best way to lose body fat and uncover those six pack abs. (truthaboutabs.com)
  • This tiny hormone devours body fat. (atozfitness.com)
  • Twelve-week HIIT and MICT programmes with equivalent oxygen cost resulted in similar whole-body fat loss in overweight women. (srce.hr)
  • Postpubertal development of total and abdominal percentage body fat : an 8-year longitudinal study. (diva-portal.org)
  • Total percentage body fat (%BF) and abdominal percentage body fat (abd%BF) were measured at baseline and after a mean time of 28, 68, and 92 months using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). (diva-portal.org)
  • Studies using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) showed that TPs of different ages and gender have a lower percentage of total body fat than healthy sedentary controls, mostly due to lower accumulation of fat mass in the trunk ( 8 - 10 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • To be honest, most diet pills are pure garbage and won't even help you to lose body fat any faster. (stomachfatisugly.net)
  • Most people think it's a 'fact' that you need hours and hours of cardio exercise routines each week to lose body fat. (stomachfatisugly.net)
  • Below are the REAL Facts About Losing Your Ugly Body Fat and Getting a Flat Stomach. (stomachfatisugly.net)
  • Participants in the control group that only performed cardiovascular training without weight training lost up to one percent of their total body fat, while women who performed weight training twice a week reduced their body fat by nearly four percent. (steadyhealth.com)
  • OBJECTIVE: The influence of diet on body fat has not been quantified independently of genetic influences, although both are held to contribute to regulation of body fat stores. (garvan.org.au)
  • With genetic and environmental factors controlled in 90 monozygotic pairs, differences in the intake of energy, fat, or protein were not related to intrapair differences in total and central body fat. (garvan.org.au)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Using validated dietary measures and direct measures of body fat and excluding underreporters, no relationship between dietary fat and body fat was found in middle-aged women, particularly after controlling for genetic and some environmental factors. (garvan.org.au)
  • MRI allows for longitudinal quantitative analysis of body fat composition in rats: an analysis of sibutramine-associated changes at the group level. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Quantification of human body fat tissue percentage by MRI. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The aim of this study was to determine to what extent differences in metabolic health in very obese women are explained by differences in body fat distribution, insulin resistance and level of physical activity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging was used to determine body fat distribution. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Higher levels of abdominal body fat are associated with an increase in" by Alyce Russell, Agnieszka Kepka et al. (edu.au)
  • Increased body fat may be associated with an increased risk of developing an underlying pro-inflammatory state, thus leading to a greater risk of developing certain chronic diseases. (edu.au)
  • Previous research demonstrated that body mass index, a rudimentary yet gold standard indication for body fat used in many types of public health research, is weakly associated with immunoglobulin G N-glycans, particularly a reduction in galactosylation. (edu.au)
  • The current study aimed to determine the association between increased levels of body fat and immunoglobulin G N-glycans, comparing a number of different available methods. (edu.au)
  • As well as calculating body mass index and the waist-to-hip and waist-to-height ratios using anthropometry, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry was performed to gain an accurate measure of total and area specific body fat. (edu.au)
  • Overall, there was a decreased abundance of glycans containing galactose as levels of body fat, and particularly abdominal fat, increased. (edu.au)
  • Thus, accurate measures of body fat should be considered in future N-glycan biomarkers studies. (edu.au)
  • Catechins are antioxidant compounds found significantly in green tea leaves and are good for body fat loss. (101healthyrecipes.com)
  • That is a problem faced by too many people - a 2008 Mayo Clinic research recommended that the amount of stomach fat and the percentage of excess body fat in general, may represent more worrying numbers than those on the scale. (buyproactoldietpills.com)
  • The study found that more than the half of American adults considered to have "normal body weight" , according to their body mass index ( BMI ), actually have high body fat percentages - over 20 percent for males and 30 percent for females along with metabolic and/or heart disturbances. (buyproactoldietpills.com)
  • Body fat percentage can be calculated in several ways, starting from calipers that measure subcutaneous fat in zones such as your upper arm and the waist, to more high-tech techniques involving special x-rays. (buyproactoldietpills.com)
  • Total body fat and abdominal fat were measured. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 0.001), but not RP fat, SC fat or total body fat. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Did you know that not all body fat is created equal? (edenpilates.com)
  • Learn about the different types of body fat and why different people store fat in different places. (edenpilates.com)
  • This mode of operation was initially surprising because body fat was considered to be a largely inactive substance. (euvival.com)
  • Middle-age spread seems to hit most men at some time, while women increasingly become aware of both their gender's impact on where body fat increasingly likes to hangout. (huggies-cdn.net)
  • An average human adult will store roughly 15 kilograms of fat in their body fat cells (adipocytes). (huggies-cdn.net)
  • We generally develop our adipocytes at specific times such as during infancy, adolescence and as a consequence of increased body fat. (huggies-cdn.net)
  • Studies show that men gather more visceral fat, and women more subcutaneous fat (with a higher percentage of body fat generally). (huggies-cdn.net)
  • With these 22 year fat-fighting tips, you can do two inches off your intake and lose body fat fast in as much as two people. (allods-zone.ru)
  • Fat Fathers contain a cottage of ingredients to help you get a leg up in the war against body fat. (allods-zone.ru)
  • CONCLUSIONS -Visceral and central abdominal fat showed a strong association with type 2 diabetes. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The association of visceral fat measured by CT and central abdominal fat measured by DEXA has not been studied in an Asian-Indian population, and their relationship with anthropometric variables is also not clear. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Thus, the second objective of our study was to correlate visceral and central abdominal fat with each other and with anthropometric parameters. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • This study examined 1) the relationship between recent diet and total body and central abdominal fat in middle-aged female twins independent of genetic and important environmental factors and 2) evidence of interaction between diet and genetic predisposition. (garvan.org.au)
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Measurements in 436 healthy female twins (aged 58 +/- 10 years) included dietary intake by food frequency questionnaire (validated against a 7-day food diary, n = 162), BMI, total body and central abdominal fat by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and environmental covariates (smoking habit, hormone replacement, and physical activity) by standardized questionnaire. (garvan.org.au)
  • The role of dietary factors in determining total body and central abdominal fat appears to have been overestimated in past cross-sectional studies. (garvan.org.au)
  • RESULTS: Six months of HRT resulted in significant reductions in waist-to-hip ratio (-0.03+/-0.01 vs. 0.01+/-0.009, P = 0.007), HbA1c (-0.34+/-0.24 vs. 0.6+/-0.4%, P = 0.04), total cholesterol (-0.6+/-0.1 vs. 0.2+/-0.2 mmol/l, P = 0.001), central abdominal fat (-175+/-51 vs. -24+/-56 g, P = 0.05), and improved physical functioning (P = 0.05), compared with observation. (garvan.org.au)
  • Total body and regional fat content will be measured using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) before and after the intervention (4 months). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In total, seventeen glycan peaks were found to be associated with the fat measures, with the android-to-gynoid ratio, measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, as well as the waist-to-height ratio explaining the most variation in the glycan peaks. (edu.au)
  • This study was designed to examine the relation between insulin sensitivity, chronic inflammation and central fat distribution in non-diabetic volunteers in Taiwanese. (biomedcentral.com)
  • RESULTS: Intake of dietary fat (total and subtype) and carbohydrates was not related to BMI or to total or central fat, confirmed in quintile analysis. (garvan.org.au)
  • Eat balanced and healthy diet , replacing meals that are full of carbohydrates and saturated fats with low-fat foods like fresh fruit and whole grains - weight control is very important for your overall health. (buyproactoldietpills.com)
  • The metabolism is also able to convert fats into carbohydrates to maintain blood sugar levels and nourish the brain. (euvival.com)
  • Best fat burners for abs are carbohydrates processed to get you went natty appointments for. (allods-zone.ru)
  • It's important to do this intelligently, however, continuing to consume a healthy amount of calories, and making sure you get all of the vital building blocks of life, including fats, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. (bebeautyps.com)
  • Its primary role in the body is to regulate energy (by producing blood sugar or metabolizing carbohydrates, protein and fats) and mobilize it to areas where is it most needed so, cortisol levels tend to peak in the early morning and then gradually decline throughout the day. (flashfree.me)
  • Find out what might be the cause of your abdominal pain Your free comprehensive online resource on abdominal pain. (takamatu-kinen.info)
  • Do not drink beer or any carbonated drinks as they are also common causes of stomach gas.You can consult a naturopath Perth that can help you address your specific condition and treat the cause of your abdominal pain. (fatbash.com)
  • Research suggests that fat cells - particularly abdominal fat cells - are biologically active. (harvard.edu)
  • Waist Fat relations are probably not easy to survey and extract some meanings from without some other factor being taken into account. (amazonaws.com)
  • The results showed that all groups lowered their fat mass, body weight (by 19 to 23 pounds), percent fat, and waist and hip girths (by 3 to 4 inches in hips and 4 inches in waists) to a similar degree. (news-medical.net)
  • Subcutaneous fat located at the waist - the pinchable stuff - can be frustratingly difficult to budge, but in normal-weight people, it's generally not considered as much of a health threat as visceral fat is. (harvard.edu)
  • However, for any given BMI, Asian Indians have greater waist-to-hip ratios and abdominal fat ( 8 , 9 ) than Europeans. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • While losing fat from your abdominal area can make great impact to heart health and your overall health, your overall body weight is still very important, primarily because it provides an easy target for you to aim with weight control , and due to the fact that overall weight reduction will also cut inches from your waist. (buyproactoldietpills.com)
  • 2006). Accumulating evidence suggests that high intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) has the potential to be an effective exercise protocol for reducing fat of overweight individuals, especially at the abdominal level (Boutcher 2011, Kessler 2012). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Gynostemma pentaphyllum reduces abdominal fat in overweight adults that were otherwise healthy. (lifeextension.com)
  • Effect of high-intensity interval training protocol on abdominal fat reduction in overweight chinese women: a. (srce.hr)
  • 2015). 'Effect of high-intensity interval training protocol on abdominal fat reduction in overweight chinese women: a randomized controlled trial', Kinesiology , 47. (srce.hr)
  • Zhang H, K. Tong T, Qiu W, Wang J, Nie J, He Y. Effect of high-intensity interval training protocol on abdominal fat reduction in overweight chinese women: a randomized controlled trial. (srce.hr)
  • The objective of the study was to compare the whole-body and abdominal fat loss resulting from high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with that from moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) with equivalent oxygen cost in overweight women. (srce.hr)
  • However, this advantage affects fewer women who are severely overweight, as the abundant fat deposits make them sweat a lot. (euvival.com)
  • Mediterranean diet that comprises of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish and fats from either extra-virgin olive oil or nuts helps prevent diabetes, find researchers. (medindia.net)
  • Researchers found that persons sleeping less than five hours at night gained more abdominal fat over a five year period, versus those who averaged over six hours per night. (sleepfoundation.org)
  • When it comes to being short of breath during exercise, how fat is distributed on the body is a more significant factor than overall body fatness or lung function, say researchers at the Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Presbyterian Hospital of Dallas, and the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center. (eurekalert.org)
  • It is not yet clear whether increased shortness of breath in these women is simply the result of increased weight and forces on the lungs, or if increased fat on the surface of the abdominal area decreases lung volume, causing the sensation of shortness of breath, say the researchers. (eurekalert.org)
  • As the evidence against abdominal fat mounts, researchers and clinicians are trying to measure it, correlate it with health risks, and monitor changes that occur with age and overall weight gain or loss. (harvard.edu)
  • NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Couch potatoes may quickly accumulate a type of deep abdominal fat that contributes to diabetes and other metabolic problems -- but regular exercise can prevent or even reverse the process, according to researchers. (anabolicminds.com)
  • Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center analyzed two types of interventions - lifestyle modification (exercise) and pharmacological (medicine) - to learn how best to defeat fat lying deep in the belly. (brightsurf.com)
  • To find out, the researchers evaluated changes in visceral fat in 3,602 participants over a 6-month period measured by a CT or MRI exam. (brightsurf.com)
  • Dr. Neeland said researchers previously thought of fat as inert storage, but over the years this view evolved and fat is now seen as an active organ. (brightsurf.com)
  • For the study, published in the journal Mayo Clinic Proceedings, the researchers evaluated changes in visceral fat in 3,602 participants over a six-month period measured by a CT or MRI exam. (independentpharmacy.co.za)
  • Mind you, the women in this particular study were premenopausal, namely because the researchers say that hormonal declines naturally lead to deposits of fat in the midsection. (flashfree.me)
  • When the capsules were injected into the abdomens of the mice subjects, the researchers found that the injected cells acted like "missionaries" that converted existing abdominal white fat cells into heat-generating brown fat cells. (newatlas.com)
  • Although the mice regained some weight over time, the researchers then found that the mice saw a reduction of roughly 20 percent in the amount of abdominal fat. (newatlas.com)
  • Most of your daily calories should come from minimally processed foods, with a focus on fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins and healthy fats. (livestrong.com)
  • While this deep abdominal fat may not make itself apparent in the form of a spare tire, it is linked to a number of ill health effects, including a higher risk of type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol and heart disease. (anabolicminds.com)
  • Choose monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, which are present in vegetable oils, nuts and fish, over saturated and trans fats, which are present in full-fat dairy and meat. (chron.com)
  • Medical News Today have recently reported on studies showing that abdominal fat is deeply tied to type 2 diabetes and heart disease . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A number of studies have indicated that a higher intake of polyunsaturated fats from plant oils and nuts is associated with a decreased risk of type-2 diabetes, but the reasons for this remain unclear. (eurekalert.org)
  • A high level of visceral fat can increase the risk of serious health conditions such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease. (express.co.uk)
  • The ratio between abdominal/upper arms SATv was larger in the controls vs. tennis players (69% P = 0.001). (frontiersin.org)
  • After correcting for age and sex, IP fat was the only significant predictor of IR (r2 = 58%, p = 0.001). (biomedcentral.com)
  • They found that women with higher amounts of abdominal fat required more oxygen during exertion. (eurekalert.org)
  • He adds that it is important that we obtain more information as to the cause of breathlessness on exertion in people with high amounts of abdominal fat. (eurekalert.org)
  • Research has shown, however, that women have higher cortisol levels than men, and that certain women -especially those with greater amounts of abdominal fat - may be reacting to a large disruption in the release of cortisol that causes a greater than normal difference between morning and evening levels of the hormone. (flashfree.me)