Abdominal Cavity: The region in the abdomen extending from the thoracic DIAPHRAGM to the plane of the superior pelvic aperture (pelvic inlet). The abdominal cavity contains the PERITONEUM and abdominal VISCERA, as well as the extraperitoneal space which includes the RETROPERITONEAL SPACE.Cryptorchidism: A developmental defect in which a TESTIS or both TESTES failed to descend from high in the ABDOMEN to the bottom of the SCROTUM. Testicular descent is essential to normal SPERMATOGENESIS which requires temperature lower than the BODY TEMPERATURE. Cryptorchidism can be subclassified by the location of the maldescended testis.Embryonic Development: Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS.Spermatic Cord Torsion: The twisting of the SPERMATIC CORD due to an anatomical abnormality that left the TESTIS mobile and dangling in the SCROTUM. The initial effect of testicular torsion is obstruction of venous return. Depending on the duration and degree of cord rotation, testicular symptoms range from EDEMA to interrupted arterial flow and testicular pain. If blood flow to testis is absent for 4 to 6 h, SPERMATOGENESIS may be permanently lost.Blastocyst: A post-MORULA preimplantation mammalian embryo that develops from a 32-cell stage into a fluid-filled hollow ball of over a hundred cells. A blastocyst has two distinctive tissues. The outer layer of trophoblasts gives rise to extra-embryonic tissues. The inner cell mass gives rise to the embryonic disc and eventual embryo proper.Embryo, Mammalian: The entity of a developing mammal (MAMMALS), generally from the cleavage of a ZYGOTE to the end of embryonic differentiation of basic structures. For the human embryo, this represents the first two months of intrauterine development preceding the stages of the FETUS.Abdominal NeoplasmsTestis: The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.Pneumoperitoneum: A condition with trapped gas or air in the PERITONEAL CAVITY, usually secondary to perforation of the internal organs such as the LUNG and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, or to recent surgery. Pneumoperitoneum may be purposely introduced to aid radiological examination.Embryonic and Fetal Development: Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS or FETUSES.Child Nutrition Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease of children, infants or adolescents.Child Day Care Centers: Facilities which provide care for pre-school and school-age children.Galago: A genus of the family Lorisidae having four species which inhabit the forests and bush regions of Africa south of the Sahara and some nearby islands. The four species are G. alleni, G. crassicaudatus, G. demidovii, and G. senegalensis. There is another genus, Euoticus, containing two species which some authors have included in the Galago genus.Larrea: A plant genus of the family ZYGOPHYLLACEAE. It is sometimes called chaparral but that is a generic word which is used with a number of other plants. Members contain NORDIHYDROGUAIARETIC ACID.Abdomen: That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.Peritoneal Lavage: Washing out of the peritoneal cavity. The procedure is a diagnostic as well as a therapeutic technique following abdominal trauma or inflammation.Setaria Nematode: A genus of parasitic nematodes found in the peritoneal cavity of wild or domestic cattle or equines.Embryology: The study of the development of an organism during the embryonic and fetal stages of life.Umbilical Cord: The flexible rope-like structure that connects a developing FETUS to the PLACENTA in mammals. The cord contains blood vessels which carry oxygen and nutrients from the mother to the fetus and waste products away from the fetus.Chiropractic: An occupational discipline founded by D.D. Palmer in the 1890's based on the relationship of the spine to health and disease.Manipulation, Chiropractic: Procedures used by chiropractors to treat neuromusculoskeletal complaints.Fetal Blood: Blood of the fetus. Exchange of nutrients and waste between the fetal and maternal blood occurs via the PLACENTA. The cord blood is blood contained in the umbilical vessels (UMBILICAL CORD) at the time of delivery.Umbilical Veins: Venous vessels in the umbilical cord. They carry oxygenated, nutrient-rich blood from the mother to the FETUS via the PLACENTA. In humans, there is normally one umbilical vein.Umbilical Arteries: Specialized arterial vessels in the umbilical cord. They carry waste and deoxygenated blood from the FETUS to the mother via the PLACENTA. In humans, there are usually two umbilical arteries but sometimes one.Histology: The study of the structure of various TISSUES of organisms on a microscopic level.Diabetes Insipidus, Nephrogenic: A genetic or acquired polyuric disorder characterized by persistent hypotonic urine and HYPOKALEMIA. This condition is due to renal tubular insensitivity to VASOPRESSIN and failure to reduce urine volume. It may be the result of mutations of genes encoding VASOPRESSIN RECEPTORS or AQUAPORIN-2; KIDNEY DISEASES; adverse drug effects; or complications from PREGNANCY.Nephrogenic Fibrosing Dermopathy: A chronic, acquired, idiopathic, progressive eruption of the skin that occurs in the context of RENAL FAILURE. It is sometimes accompanied by systemic fibrosis. The pathogenesis seems to be multifactorial, with postulated involvement of circulating fibrocytes. There is a strong association between this disorder and the use of gadolinium-based contrast agents.FloridaKidney: Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.Abdominal Wall: The outer margins of the ABDOMEN, extending from the osteocartilaginous thoracic cage to the PELVIS. Though its major part is muscular, the abdominal wall consists of at least seven layers: the SKIN, subcutaneous fat, deep FASCIA; ABDOMINAL MUSCLES, transversalis fascia, extraperitoneal fat, and the parietal PERITONEUM.Aquaporin 2: Aquaporin 2 is a water-specific channel protein that is expressed in KIDNEY COLLECTING DUCTS. The translocation of aquaporin 2 to the apical PLASMA MEMBRANE is regulated by VASOPRESSIN, and MUTATIONS in AQP2 have been implicated in a variety of kidney disorders including DIABETES INSIPIDUS.Diabetes Insipidus: A disease that is characterized by frequent urination, excretion of large amounts of dilute URINE, and excessive THIRST. Etiologies of diabetes insipidus include deficiency of antidiuretic hormone (also known as ADH or VASOPRESSIN) secreted by the NEUROHYPOPHYSIS, impaired KIDNEY response to ADH, and impaired hypothalamic regulation of thirst.Chronic Pain: Aching sensation that persists for more than a few months. It may or may not be associated with trauma or disease, and may persist after the initial injury has healed. Its localization, character, and timing are more vague than with acute pain.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Gastroenterology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the physiology and diseases of the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas).Pain Management: A form of therapy that employs a coordinated and interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those experiencing pain.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Joint Loose Bodies: Fibrous, bony, cartilaginous and osteocartilaginous fragments in a synovial joint. Major causes are osteochondritis dissecans, synovial chondromatosis, osteophytes, fractured articular surfaces and damaged menisci.Pain, Intractable: Persistent pain that is refractory to some or all forms of treatment.Gastroschisis: A congenital defect with major fissure in the ABDOMINAL WALL lateral to, but not at, the UMBILICUS. This results in the extrusion of VISCERA. Unlike OMPHALOCELE, herniated structures in gastroschisis are not covered by a sac or PERITONEUM.Hernia, Diaphragmatic: Protrusion of abdominal structures into the THORAX as a result of congenital or traumatic defects in the respiratory DIAPHRAGM.Eye Evisceration: The surgical removal of the inner contents of the eye, leaving the sclera intact. It should be differentiated from ORBIT EVISCERATION which removes the entire contents of the orbit, including eyeball, blood vessels, muscles, fat, nerve supply, and periosteum.Abdominal Muscles: Muscles forming the ABDOMINAL WALL including RECTUS ABDOMINIS, external and internal oblique muscles, transversus abdominis, and quadratus abdominis. (from Stedman, 25th ed)Hernia, Umbilical: A HERNIA due to an imperfect closure or weakness of the umbilical ring. It appears as a skin-covered protrusion at the UMBILICUS during crying, coughing, or straining. The hernia generally consists of OMENTUM or SMALL INTESTINE. The vast majority of umbilical hernias are congenital but can be acquired due to severe abdominal distention.Intestine, Small: The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.Hernia, Ventral: A hernia caused by weakness of the anterior ABDOMINAL WALL due to midline defects, previous incisions, or increased intra-abdominal pressure. Ventral hernias include UMBILICAL HERNIA, incisional, epigastric, and spigelian hernias.
(1/97) Schistosomiasis mansoni in low transmission areas: abdominal ultrasound.

In endemic areas with low prevalence and low intensity of infection, the diagnosis of hepatic pathology due to the Schistosoma mansoni infection is very difficult. In order to establish the hepatic morbidity, a double-blind study was achieved in Venezuelan endemic areas, with one group of patients with schistosomiasis and the other one of non-infected people, that were evaluated clinically and by abdominal ultrasound using the Cairo classification. Schistosomiasis diagnosis was established based on parasitologic and serological tests. The increase of the hepatic size at midclavicular and midsternal lines (in hepatometry) and the hard liver consistency were the clinical parameters able to differentiate infected persons from non infected ones, as well as the presence of left lobe hepatomegaly detected by abdominal ultrasound. The periportal thickening, especially the mild form, was frequent in all age groups in both infected and uninfected patients. There was not correlation between the intensity of infection and ultrasound under the current circumstances. Our data suggest that in Venezuela, a low endemic area of transmission of schistosomiasis, the hepatic morbidity is mild and uncommon. The Cairo classification seems to overestimate the prevalence of periportal pathology. The specificity of the method must be improved, especially for the recognition of precocious pathology. Other causes of hepatopathies must be investigated.  (+info)

(2/97) Sympathetic neural activation in visceral obesity.

BACKGROUND: Muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) is elevated in obese humans. However, the potential role of abdominal visceral fat as an important adipose tissue depot linking obesity to elevated MSNA has not been explored. Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that MSNA would be increased in men (age=18 to 40 years, body mass index < or =35 kg/m2) with higher abdominal visceral fat (HAVF; n=13, abdominal visceral fat=118.1+/-15.8 cm2) compared with their age- (28.7+/-2.4 versus 25.5+/-2.0 years, P>0.05), total fat mass-matched (20.6+/-2.1 versus 20.8+/-2.4 kg, P>0.05) and abdominal subcutaneous fat-matched (230.6+/-24.9 versus 261.4+/-34.8 cm(2), P>0.05) peers with lower abdominal visceral fat levels (LAVF; n=13, visceral fat= 73.0+/-6.0 cm2). METHODS AND RESULTS: MSNA (microneurography), body composition (dual energy x-ray absorptiometry), and abdominal visceral and subcutaneous fat (computed tomography) were measured in 37 sedentary men across a wide range of adiposity. MSNA was approximately 55% higher in men with HAVF compared with men with LAVF (33+/-4 versus 21+/-2 bursts/min, P<0.05). Furthermore, MSNA was more closely associated with the level of abdominal visceral fat (r=0.65, P<0.05) than total fat mass (r=0.323, P<0.05) or abdominal subcutaneous fat (r=0.27, P=0.05). The relation between MSNA and abdominal visceral fat was independent of total body fat (r=0.61, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study indicate that MSNA is elevated in men with visceral obesity. Our observations are consistent with the idea that abdominal visceral fat is an important adipose tissue depot linking obesity with sympathetic neural activation in humans. Furthermore, these findings may have important implications for understanding the increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases in individuals with visceral obesity.  (+info)

(3/97) The effect of intra-abdominal pressure on the generation of 8-iso prostaglandin F2alpha during laparoscopy in rabbits.

BACKGROUND: Carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum induces peritoneal oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to verify the effect of intra-abdominal pressure on oxidative stress in the peritoneum and on post-operative adhesion formation. METHODS: Forty-one rabbits underwent laparoscopic surgery: either gasless, or with CO(2)-pneumoperitoneum at pressures of 5, 10 or 15 mmHg. Serial parietal peritoneal biopsies were taken at various time-points: immediately after reaching the abdominal cavity, 30, 60, 90 and 120 min afterwards, and 15 min after abdominal desufflation. 8-iso prostaglandin F(2alpha) (8-iso PGF(2alpha)), a marker of oxidative stresss, was assayed by enzyme immunoassay and adhesion formation was scored by second-look laparoscopy on day 14. RESULTS: The gasless group showed no significant changes in 8-iso PGF(2alpha). Conversely, significant changes occurred in CO(2)-pneumoperitoneum in a time- and pressure-dependent manner. Adhesions developed only in the CO(2)-pneumoperitoneum groups, and total adhesion score was correlated with the amount of CO(2) insufflated and intra-abdominal pressure, but not with 8-iso PGF(2alpha), which was correlated with intra-abdominal pressure. CONCLUSION: Intra-abdominal pressure increased 8-iso PGF(2alpha) in the parietal peritoneum in a graded fashion, whilst gasless laparoscopy had no impact. It also influenced the frequency and severity of adhesion formation, but no causal link was found between 8-iso PGF(2alpha) and post-operative adhesion formation.  (+info)

(4/97) Granulomatous uveitis associated with vaccination in the atlantic salmon.

This study addressed histologic and immunopathologic changes in ocular tissues and investigated the distribution of major histocompatibility class II (MHC class II)-positive cells in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) suffering from severe postvaccination disease. Twenty-nine fish with generalized inflammation, probably a result of vaccination, were investigated. One individual that had escaped vaccination was included in the study. Material was investigated by cultivation methods for fungi and bacteria. Histology using conventional staining procedures and immunohistochemistry with antisera against MHC class II beta chain were performed. No growth was observed from the cultivation investigations. Histology revealed occlusion of the lumen in the larger choroid vessels and in the choriocapillaris, inflammatory infiltrations and loss of structure in the choroid rete, and, in some cases, aggregations of multinucleated giant cells (MGC) and Splendore-Hoeppli material. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated massive MHC class II+ cellular infiltrations in the uveal tract. Such infiltrations were also seen in the ventral ciliary cleft, a condition that is associated with glaucoma. Immunoreactive cells included dendritelike cells, epithelioid cells, and MGCs. The endothelia of smaller vessels were frequently MHC class II+, and immunoreactive infiltrations were seen in the optic nerve in several individuals. No pathologic changes were detected in the unvaccinated individual. In conclusion, generalized inflammatory reactions in fish may lead to severe ocular inflammation, occlusion of uveal vessels, and perivascular changes with MHC class II+ upregulation in cells in the uveal tract and optic nerve.  (+info)

(5/97) Abdominal wall closure with ePTFE--Goretex Dual Mesh after detensive laparotomy for abdominal compartment syndrome.

INTRODUCTION: Detensive laparotomy is the first choice treatment for abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). Tension free closure of the abdominal wall with the use of prosthesis is a broadly diffused technique; the polypropylene and the ePTFE (expanded polytetrafluoroethylene--Goretex Dual Mesh) are the most commonly used materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report our experience on five patients affected by ACS submitted to detensive laparotomy and positioning of a wide Goretex Dual Mesh prosthesis. RESULTS: In our initial experience ACS has been treated with success through detensive laparotomy and there were no complications related to the use of Goretex. DISCUSSION: Even though limited, our initial clinical experience is favorable to the use of Goretex Dual Mesh as first choice material for reconstruction of the abdominal wall after detensive laparotomy for ACS.  (+info)

(6/97) Moderate increase in intraabdominal pressure attenuates gastric mucosal oxygen saturation in patients undergoing laparoscopy.

BACKGROUND: Perioperative disturbances of microvascular blood flow and oxygenation in the intestinal tract have been hypothesized to play an important role in development of the multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Herein, increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) has been identified as a key factor in the initiation of the pathophysiologic cascade. The authors hypothesized that increasing the IAP by intraperitoneal insufflation of carbon dioxide attenuates microvascular oxygen saturation in gastric mucosa. They tested this hypothesis in a prospective, observational study in 16 patients scheduled to undergo elective diagnostic laparoscopy. METHODS: The authors continuously assessed microvascular oxygen saturation in gastric mucosa by reflectance spectrophotometry. Simultaneously systemic oxygen saturation, heart rate, arterial blood pressure, and ventilation-derived variables were measured noninvasively. During general anesthesia and controlled mechanical ventilation, baseline values were obtained. Thereafter, the IAP was increased to 8 and 12 mmHg, respectively, followed by a control period after desufflation. RESULTS: The increase in IAP from baseline to 8 mmHg decreased microvascular oxygen saturation in gastric mucosa from 69+/-7% (mean +/- SD) to 63+/-8% at 8 mmHg IAP (P <0.05), with a further significant reduction to 54+/-13% at 12 mmHg IAP (P <0.01). Microvascular oxygen saturation in gastric mucosa recovered rapidly to baseline level (66 +/- 10%) after release of increased IAP. In striking contrast to regional mucosal oxygen saturation, systemic oxygenation did not change with either of the interventions. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that increasing intraabdominal pressure to moderate levels, commonly applied to induce a surgical pneumoperitoneum, decreases gastric mucosal oxygen saturation.  (+info)

(7/97) Intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide induces dynamic migration of Gr-1high polymorphonuclear neutrophils in the murine abdominal cavity.

Intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 100 microg) in mice resulted in the disappearance of almost all proteose peptone-induced polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) with high-level fluorescence for the cell surface marker Gr-1 (Gr-1(high)) at 15 min postinjection, followed by doubling of their proportion at 30 min postinjection. High staining levels of 3'-acetyl-2'-carboxyl-6',7'-(dihyropyran-2'-one)-5 or 6-carboxyfluorescein diacethoxylmethyl ester-labeled PMNs injected into the peritoneal cavity were detected in mesenteric lymph nodes 15 min postinjection of LPS. Therefore, the time of decrease of Gr-1(high) PMNs coincided with that of the increase in cell accumulation in mesenteric lymph nodes. Since milk fat globule-EGF factor 8 (MFG-E8), which is secreted by macrophages, bound many PMNs exhibiting Gr-1(high) and Gr-1(medium) at 30 min postinjection of LPS, the staining level of annexin V on those cells was very low because its binding site is the same as the receptor for MFG-E8. At 60 min postinjection of LPS, the proportion of Gr-1(high) PMNs decreased, and almost all Gr-1(medium) PMNs tended to shift to the right compared with those at 30 min postinjection. The geomeans of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) expression on PMNs at 15, 30, and 60 min postinjection of LPS were 63, 66, and 24%, respectively, compared with that on normal PMNs, indicating that the expression of TLR4 decreases in response to exposure to LPS. Our results suggest that LPS induced PMN death and that many PMNs expressing Gr-1(high) undergo apoptosis 180 min postinjection of LPS.  (+info)

(8/97) Potential therapeutic role of histatin derivative P-113d in experimental rat models of Pseudomonas aeruginosa sepsis.

BACKGROUND: Morbidity and mortality from Pseudomonas aeruginosa sepsis remain high despite the availability of antibiotics to which the microorganism is sensitive. METHODS: The in vitro activity of histatin derivative P-113d was investigated against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In addition, its in vivo efficacy was studied in 3 rat models of infection: intraperitoneal injection of 1 mg of P. aeruginosa 10 lipopolysachharide, intraperitoneal injection of 2 x 10(10) cfu of P. aeruginosa ATCC 27853, and intra-abdominal sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture. Rats received isotonic sodium chloride solution parenterally (control groups), 1 mg of P-113d/kg of body weight, 1 mg of polymyxin B/kg of body weight, or 20 mg of imipenem/kg of body weight. Main outcomes measured were abdominal exudate and plasma bacterial growth, plasma concentrations of endotoxin and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)- alpha, and lethality. RESULTS: The in vivo studies showed that all compounds reduced lethality, when compared with results for the control group. Overall, P-113d exhibited a slightly lower antimicrobial activity than did imipenem, even though P-113d achieved a substantial decrease in plasma concentrations of endotoxin and TNF- alpha, compared with the imipenem. No statistically significant differences for antimicrobial and antiendotoxin activities were noted between P-113d and polymyxin B. DISCUSSION: These results provide evidence for double antiendotoxin and antimicrobial activity for P-113d and point to its potential use for the treatment of severe infections.  (+info)

*  Ridgling
As a young male animal reaches puberty, the testicles, which originally were inside the abdominal cavity, move down the ... depending on the location inside the body cavity. An undescended testicle is not a serious or life-threatening condition, ...
*  Diagnostic peritoneal lavage
... in the abdominal cavity. This procedure is performed when intra-abdominal bleeding (hemoperitoneum), usually secondary to ... Abdominal CT and contrast duodenography may complement lavage in stable patients, but in an unstable or uncooperative persons, ... but logistics limit its practical application in acute abdominal trauma. The procedure was first described in 1965 by Hauser ... peritoneal lavage is a means of rapidly diagnosing intra-abdominal injury requiring laparotomy, but has largely been replaced ...
*  Abdominal cavity
The abdominal cavity is a large body cavity in humans and many other animals that contains many organs. It is a part of the ... The abdominal cavity of humans is divided into 4 quadrants: the right upper quadrant (RUQ), the left upper quadrant (LUQ), the ... The abdominal cavity is lined with a protective membrane termed the peritoneum. The inside wall is covered by the parietal ... Coelom "Abdominal cavity". Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-Ak - Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, Illinois: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc ...
*  Postcholecystectomy syndrome
Ultrasound of the abdominal cavity. General and biochemical blood. Intravenous cholangiography. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy for ... This is because upper abdominal pain and gallstones are both common but are not always related. Chronic diarrhea in ... Postcholecystectomy syndrome describes the presence of abdominal symptoms after surgical removal of the gallbladder ( ...
*  Peritoneal ligament
round ligament triangular ligament "Abdominal cavity". Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-Ak - Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, IL: ... Peritoneal ligaments are folds of peritoneum that are used to connect viscera to viscera or the abdominal wall. There are ...
*  Hinchey Classification
"Perforation" in this sense refers to rupture of the diverticulum, resulting in air leaking into the abdominal cavity. If the ... Intestinal perforation allowing feces into abdominal cavity). The Hinchey classification is useful as it guides surgeons as to ... the presence of pus in the abdominal cavity) Hinchey IV - feculent peritonitis. ( ... This classically causes lower abdominal pain, changes in bowel habits (diarrhea or constipation) and signs of inflammation ( ...
*  Superior mesenteric vein
Abdominal cavity.Superior mesenteric vein.Deep dissection. "Mesenteric vein superior". Medcyclopaedia. GE. Archived from the ... which originates from the abdominal aorta. Tributaries of the superior mesenteric vein drain the small intestine, large ...
*  Testicle
3) Protection from abdominal cavity pressure changes. One argument for the evolution of external testes is that it protects the ... The pain involved travels up from each testicle into the abdominal cavity, via the spermatic plexus, which is the primary nerve ... testes from abdominal cavity pressure changes caused by jumping and galloping. 4) Protection against DNA damage. Mild, ... Males have two testicles of similar size contained within the scrotum, which is an extension of the abdominal wall. Scrotal ...
*  Portal vein
Hepatic portal vein.Abdominal cavity.Deep dissection. Hepatic portal vein.Visceral surface of liver. Anatomy photo:38:12-0109 ...
*  Peritoneal mesothelioma
Covering the abdominal cavity is the parietal peritoneum. Symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma include weight loss and abdominal ...
*  List of dangerous snakes
Intraperitoneal : Venom is injected into the abdominal cavity. The most commonly tested methods are subcutaneous and ... General symptoms of drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, violent abdominal pain and vertigo often occur, as does a mild pyrexial ... Human symptoms of a Western Brown snake bite are headache, nausea/vomiting, abdominal pain, severe coagulopathy and sometimes, ... Other effects include headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, dizziness, collapse or convulsions. There may also ...
*  Anatomical terminology
... the abdominal cavity can be divided into either nine regions or four quadrants. Quadrants The abdomen may be divided into four ... is a thin membrane that covers the walls of organs in the thoracic and abdominal cavities. The serous membranes have two layers ... the parietal peritoneum surrounds the abdominal cavity. Older set of terminology shown in Parts of the Human Body: Posterior ... refers to a cavity wall). Between the parietal and visceral layers is a very thin, fluid-filled serous space, or cavity. For ...
*  Entomological evidence collection
The abdominal cavity and chest's organs were not identifiable. Some decaying tissue was still attached to the pelvis and ...
*  Suprapubic cystostomy
The connection does not go through the abdominal cavity. Urinary flow may be blocked by swelling of the prostate (benign ... Need to rule out bladder cancer in cases of clot retention Lower abdominal incisions with likelihood of adhesions Pelvic ...
*  Onychophora
... an abdominal cavity divided into pericardial and perivisceral cavities; respiration via tracheae; and similar embryonic ... The slime glands themselves are deep inside the body cavity, each at the end of a tube more than half the length of the body. ... While it is not known whether the rear end is open or closed, from the front, it opens directly into the body cavity. Since ... Deep within the oral cavity lie the sharp, crescent-shaped "jaws", or mandibles, which are strongly hardened and resemble the ...
*  Development of the digestive system
The peritoneum, a serum membrane that forms the lining of the abdominal cavity, forms in the gut layers and in places ... The thoracic cavity is divided into the pericardial cavity and two pleural cavities for the lungs by the pleuropericardial ... The diaphragm divides the body cavity into the thoracic and peritoneal cavities. It develops from four components: the septum ... Another defect is gastroschisis, a congenital defect in the anterior abdominal wall through which the abdominal contents freely ...
*  Superior mesenteric artery
... Abdominal cavity.Superior mesenteric artery.Deep dissection. Redaelli CA, Schilling MK, Büchler MW ( ... "Posterior Abdominal Wall: Branches of the Abdominal Aorta" Anatomy image:8008 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center Anatomy ... In human anatomy, the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) arises from the anterior surface of the abdominal aorta, just inferior ... can be compressed between the SMA and the abdominal aorta at this location, leading to nutcracker syndrome). the third part of ...
*  Gastrointestinal perforation
On x-rays, gas may be visible in the abdominal cavity. Gas is easily visualized on x-ray while the patient is in an upright ... A hole allows intestinal contents to enter the abdominal cavity. The entry of bacteria results in a condition known as ... Symptoms include severe abdominal pain and tenderness. When the hole is in the stomach or early part of the small intestine the ... Gastrointestinal perforation results in severe abdominal pain intensified by movement, nausea, vomiting and hematemesis. Later ...
*  Abdominal aortic aneurysm
The bleeding can be retroperitoneal or into the abdominal cavity. Rupture can also create a connection between the aorta and ... An abdominal aortic aneurysm is usually diagnosed by physical exam, abdominal ultrasound, or CT scan. Plain abdominal ... Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA or triple A) is a localized enlargement of the abdominal aorta such that the diameter is greater ... A ruptured AAA is a clinical diagnosis involving the presence of the triad of abdominal pain, shock, and a pulsatile abdominal ...
*  Peritoneal carcinomatosis
Extra-abdominal conditions such as carcinoma breast, carcinoma lung and malignant melanoma involve the peritoneal cavity ... Splenic fragments can become implanted anywhere in the abdominal cavity. With imaging splenosis appears as dense well ... The peritoneum is a mesothelial lining covering the abdominal cavity (parietal peritoneum) and intraperitoneal organs (visceral ... A 32 year old male patient, a case of abdominal tuberculosis. A and B. Ileocecal wall thickening (straight arrow), patulous IC ...
*  Abdomen
The abdominal cavity is upper part of the pelvic cavity. It is attached to the thoracic cavity by the diaphragm. Structures ... The boundary of the abdominal cavity is the abdominal wall in the front and the peritoneal surface at the rear. The abdomen ... Abdominal obesity is a condition where abdominal fat or visceral fat, has built up excessively between the abdominal organs. ... Abdominal fat Abdominal trauma Abdominal wall Abdomen. (n.d.). Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Accessed: 22 Oct 2007 Abdomen ...
*  Yinlong
... was discovered with seven gastroliths preserved in the abdominal cavity. Gastroliths, stones stored in the digestive ...
*  Evan O'Neill Kane
Kane says it was particularly useful for illuminating the abdominal cavity. Kane advocated, and practiced, tattooing newborn ...
*  Anatomical terms of location
Viscus can also be used to mean "organ". For example, the stomach is a viscus within the abdominal cavity. Directional and ... For example, the parietal peritoneum is the lining on the inside of the abdominal cavity. Parietal can also refer specifically ... associated with organs within the body's cavities. For example, the stomach is covered with a lining called the visceral ... pertaining to the wall of a body cavity. ...
*  Stomach
Anatomy photo:37:06-0103 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "Abdominal Cavity: The Stomach" Brunicardi, F. Charles; ... It is in the left upper part of the abdominal cavity. The top of the stomach lies against the diaphragm. Lying behind the ...
*  Development of the reproductive system
... on the lateral aspect of the corresponding mesonephric duct as a tubular invagination of the cells lining the abdominal cavity ... ostium of the fallopian tube remains from the anterior extremity of the original tubular invagination from the abdominal cavity ... The orifice of the invagination remains open, and undergoes enlargement and modification to form the abdominal ostium of the ... The abdominal opening of the left uterine tube. g. Round ligament, corresponding to gubernaculum. h. Situation of the hymen. i ...
*  Abdominal aorta
The abdominal aorta is the largest artery in the abdominal cavity. As part of the aorta, it is a direct continuation of the ... to the renal arteries and superior to the iliac bifurcation The abdominal aorta supplies blood to much of the abdominal cavity ... such as used for abdominal aortic aneurysms, is between the outer margins of the aortic wall. Abdominal aorta Cardiovascular ... The abdominal aorta's venous counterpart, the inferior vena cava (IVC), travels parallel to it on its right side. Above the ...
Definition of Abdominal cavity  Definition of Abdominal cavity
Abdominal cavity: The cavity within the abdomen, the space between the abdominal wall and the spine. The abdominal cavity is ...
more infohttps://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=2082
Abdominal cavity seroma excision  Abdominal cavity seroma excision
Now is to have the abdominal wall cavit ... pt had abdominal mass excised approximately 7 mos ago. Has been ... Now is to have the abdominal wall cavity seroma excised.Any ideas????. Thanks ... pt had abdominal mass excised approximately 7 mos ago. Has been coming in off and on for aspiration of seroma. ... Anterior Abdominal Wall Soft Tissue Seroma. By [email protected] in forum General Surgery ...
more infohttps://www.aapc.com/memberarea/forums/40651-abdominal-cavity-seroma-excision.html
Abdominal cavity - Wikipedia  Abdominal cavity - Wikipedia
The abdominal cavity is labeled 3 in this image, and together with the pelvic cavity (4) it makes up the abdominopelvic cavity ... The abdominal cavity is a large body cavity in humans[1] and many other animals that contains many organs. It is a part of the ... Organs of the abdominal cavity include the stomach, liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, small intestine, kidneys, large ... The abdominal cavity is lined with a protective membrane termed the peritoneum. The inside wall is covered by the parietal ...
more infohttps://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdominal_cavity
Abdominal cavity | Define Abdominal cavity at Dictionary.com  Abdominal cavity | Define Abdominal cavity at Dictionary.com
Abdominal cavity definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it ... abdominal cavity in Medicine Expand. abdominal cavity n. The space bounded by the abdominal walls, diaphragm, and pelvis and ... abdominal cavity in Culture Expand. abdominal cavity [(ab-dom-uh-nuhl)]. The cavity within the abdomen that contains the ... These ligaments are stretched across the abdominal cavity and are attached to the abdominal walls. ...
more infohttp://www.dictionary.com/browse/abdominal-cavity
Abdominal cavity - Wikipedia  Abdominal cavity - Wikipedia
The abdominal cavity is a large body cavity in humans and many other animals that contains many organs. It is a part of the ... The abdominal cavity of humans is divided into 4 quadrants: the right upper quadrant (RUQ), the left upper quadrant (LUQ), the ... The abdominal cavity is lined with a protective membrane termed the peritoneum. The inside wall is covered by the parietal ... Coelom "Abdominal cavity". Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-Ak - Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, Illinois: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdominal_cavity
Foundational Model of Anatomy - Abdominal cavity - Classes | NCBO BioPortal  Foundational Model of Anatomy - Abdominal cavity - Classes | NCBO BioPortal
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#Abdominal_Cavity SYN LOOM ... http://www.co-ode.org/ontologies/galen#AbdominalCavity GALEN LOOM http://phenomebrowser.net/ontologies/mesh/mesh.owl#A01.923. ... http://www.semanticweb.org/pallabi.d/ontologies/2014/2/untitled-ontology-11#AbdominalCavity MCCL LOOM ... Space of abdominal compartment. Cavity of compartment of abdomen. Cavity of abdominal compartment ...
more infohttps://bioportal.bioontology.org/ontologies/FMA/?p=classes&conceptid=http://purl.org/sig/ont/fma/fma12266
Abdominal cavity | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org  Abdominal cavity | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org
The abdominal cavity is divided into two major compartments, the peritoneum and retroperitoneum, early in fetal development. ... The abdominal cavity is divided into two major compartments, the peritoneum and retroperitoneum, early in fetal development. ... which provides a pathway for the extension of intra-abdominal disease. ...
more infohttps://radiopaedia.org/articles/abdominal-cavity
Article Metrics] Characteristics of abdominal cavity drainage fluid in Chinese patients | CIA  Article Metrics] Characteristics of abdominal cavity drainage fluid in Chinese patients | CIA
The levels of sugar and protein were 3 (0-37) mmol/L and 39 (1-272) g/L. The total amount of abdominal cavity drainage fluid, ... The total amount, density, and pH of the abdominal cavity drainage fluid were 204 (0-6,195) mL, 1.032 (1.011-1.047) kg/m3, and ... Keywords: abdominal cavity drainage fluid, People's Republic of China, gastrointestinal tumors, postoperative complications, ... Abdominal cavity drainage fluid can be used as an early diagnostic tool of postoperative complications, and observing its ...
more infohttps://www.dovepress.com/article_metric.php?article_id=20155
Combined EUS-Guided Abdominal Cavity Drainage and Cystogastrostomy for the Ruptured Pancreatic Pseudocyst : Figure 1  Combined EUS-Guided Abdominal Cavity Drainage and Cystogastrostomy for the Ruptured Pancreatic Pseudocyst : Figure 1
Figure 1: (a) CT shows a large cyst in the upper abdominal area. (b) EUS shows the cyst wall was 3 mm. The wall was not adhered ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/grp/2013/785483/fig1/
What are the consequences if testicles fail to descend from the abdominal cavity during embryo development? | eNotes  What are the consequences if testicles fail to descend from the abdominal cavity during embryo development? | eNotes
What are the consequences if testicles fail to descend from the abdominal cavity during embryo development?' and find homework ... What are the consequences if testicles fail to descend from the abdominal cavity during embryo development?. ...
more infohttps://www.enotes.com/homework-help/what-consequences-testes-failed-descend-from-107993
EP0739604A1 - Device for removing tissues out of the abdominal cavity 
        - Google Patents  EP0739604A1 - Device for removing tissues out of the abdominal cavity - Google Patents
This thrusts the sack out of the insertion bush and into the abdominal cavity. ... and which is inside the cavity when the sack is fully inserted apart from its end opening. When the sack is pulled out far ... The flexible sack (18) with end opening is inserted in the cavity via the bush (18). Between the sack bottom (32) and its end ... Bauchdecke abdominal wall 12 12 Bauchhöhle abdominal cavity 14 14 Führungsstab Corporate Office 16 16 Gewindehülse threaded ...
more infohttps://patents.google.com/patent/EP0739604A1/en
openarchives.gr | Malignant mesenchymatous tumor of the abdominal cavity  openarchives.gr | Malignant mesenchymatous tumor of the abdominal cavity
We report on a case of such tumor of the abdominal cavity in a 45 year-old woman, presented with epigastric pain, anorexia and ... The CT-scanning revealed the presence of multiple solid tumors in the peritoneal cavity. On the exploratory laparotomy at least ... We report on a case of such tumor of the abdominal cavity in a 45 year-old woman, presented with epigastric pain, anorexia and ... Malignant mesenchymatous tumor of the abdominal cavity URI: https://www.openarchives.gr/aggregator-openarchives/edm/gastro/ ...
more infohttps://www.openarchives.gr/aggregator-openarchives/edm/gastro/000025-article_view_211?language=en
openarchives.gr | Malignant mesenchymatous tumor of the abdominal cavity  openarchives.gr | Malignant mesenchymatous tumor of the abdominal cavity
We report on a case of such tumor of the abdominal cavity in a 45 year-old woman, presented with epigastric pain, anorexia and ... The CT-scanning revealed the presence of multiple solid tumors in the peritoneal cavity. On the exploratory laparotomy at least ... We report on a case of such tumor of the abdominal cavity in a 45 year-old woman, presented with epigastric pain, anorexia and ... Malignant mesenchymatous tumor of the abdominal cavity URI: https://www.openarchives.gr/aggregator-openarchives/edm/gastro/ ...
more infohttps://www.openarchives.gr/aggregator-openarchives/edm/gastro/000025-article_view_211
Compare Current Klebsiella+Pneumoniae+Infection+Of+Abdominal+Cavity+Lining Drugs and Medications with Ratings & Reviews  Compare Current Klebsiella+Pneumoniae+Infection+Of+Abdominal+Cavity+Lining Drugs and Medications with Ratings & Reviews
... abdominal+cavity+lining? Find a list of current medications, their possible side effects, dosage, and efficacy when used to ... treat or reduce the symptoms of klebsiella+pneumoniae+infection+of+abdominal+cavity+lining ... Considering taking medication to treat klebsiella+pneumoniae+infection+of+abdominal+cavity+lining? Below is a list of common ... medications used to treat or reduce the symptoms of klebsiella+pneumoniae+infection+of+abdominal+cavity+lining. Follow the ...
more infohttps://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/condition-2123/klebsiella+pneumoniae+infection+of+abdominal+cavity+lining
ANAT 1625 Embryology of the Gut - the loop enters the umbilical cord and on its return to the abdominal cavity a further 180...  ANAT 1625 Embryology of the Gut - the loop enters the umbilical cord and on its return to the abdominal cavity a further 180...
the loop enters the umbilical cord and on its return to the abdominal cavity, a further 180 degrees. ... Unformatted text preview: the loop enters the umbilical cord and on its return to the abdominal cavity, a further 180 degrees. ... 1 Abdomen Muscles of the anterior abdominal wall External oblique abdominis Origin 1. ...
more infohttps://www.coursehero.com/file/6564427/ANAT-1625-Embryology-of-the-Gut/
Development - Development The kidney develops in a ridge in the posterior wall of abdominal cavity Nephrogenic cord 3 different...  Development - Development The kidney develops in a ridge in the posterior wall of abdominal cavity Nephrogenic cord 3 different...
Development The kidney develops in a ridge in the posterior wall of abdominal cavity - Nephrogenic cord 3 different systems ( ... Development The kidney develops in a ridge in the posterior wall of abdominal cavity ---- Nephrogenic cord 3 different systems ...
more infohttps://www.coursehero.com/file/6566205/Development/
Could loose endo clips in abdominal cavity  be the cause for chronic pain?  Could loose endo clips in abdominal cavity be the cause for chronic pain?
Could loose endo clips in abdominal cavity be the cause for chronic pain?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and ... Endo clips loose in abdominal cavity and found at the site of chronic pain. Could they be the cause? Doctors can't find any ... Follow-up: Could loose endo clips in abdominal cavity be the cause for chronic pain? 1 hour later ... Could loose endo clips in abdominal cavity be the cause for chronic pain?. ...
more infohttp://www.healthcaremagic.com/premiumquestions/Could-loose-endo-clips-in-abdominal-cavity-be-the-cause-for-chronic-pain/94674
Abdominal Cavity Definition - Annahamilton.me  Abdominal Cavity Definition - Annahamilton.me
... abdominal cavity definition quizlet,abdominal cavity easy definition,abdominal cavity kidney definition,abdominal cavity med ... abdominal cavity medical definition,abdominal cavity peritoneum definition,abdominal cavity short definition,abdominal pelvic ... cavity definition,definition of abdominal cavity,Annahamilton.me ... Abdominal Cavity Definition. Abdominal Cavity Definition. In ... abdominal cavity anatomy definition,abdominal cavity definition,abdominal cavity definition biology, ...
more infohttp://annahamilton.me/abdominal-cavity-definition.html
Organs In Abdominal Cavity - nanoprom.info  Organs In Abdominal Cavity - nanoprom.info
Organs In Abdominal Cavity abdominal cavity organs of the abdominal cavity include the stomach liver gallbladder spleen ... endocrine organs located in the abdominal cavity,organs in left abdominal cavity,organs in the abdominal cavity of a pig,organs ... cavity anatomy the abdominal cavity is lined by the peritoneum a membrane that covers not only the inside wall of the cavity ... present in abdominal cavity,two organs in the upper abdominal cavity, ...
more infohttp://nanoprom.info/organs-in-abdominal-cavity/
  • The SMV lies to the anatomical right of the similarly named artery, the superior mesenteric artery, which originates from the abdominal aorta. (wikipedia.org)
  • Blood supply and lymphatic drainage of the testes and scrotum are distinct: The paired testicular arteries arise directly from the abdominal aorta and descend through the inguinal canal, while the scrotum and the rest of the external genitalia is supplied by the internal pudendal artery (itself a branch of the internal iliac artery). (wikipedia.org)
  • In human anatomy, the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) arises from the anterior surface of the abdominal aorta, just inferior to the origin of the celiac trunk, and supplies the intestine from the lower part of the duodenum through two-thirds of the transverse colon, as well as the pancreas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Located under this portion of the superior mesenteric artery, between it and the aorta, are the following: left renal vein - travels between the left kidney and the inferior vena cava (can be compressed between the SMA and the abdominal aorta at this location, leading to nutcracker syndrome). (wikipedia.org)
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA or triple A) is a localized enlargement of the abdominal aorta such that the diameter is greater than 3 cm or more than 50% larger than normal diameter. (wikipedia.org)
  • The abdominal aorta is the largest artery in the abdominal cavity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The abdominal aorta begins at the level of the diaphragm, crossing it via the aortic hiatus, technically behind the diaphragm, at the vertebral level of T12. (wikipedia.org)
  • It runs parallel to the inferior vena cava, which is located just to the right of the abdominal aorta, and becomes smaller in diameter as it gives off branches. (wikipedia.org)
  • The abdominal aorta is clinically divided into 2 segments: The Paravisceral segment, off which the visceral branches arise The Infrarenal segment, inferior to the renal arteries and superior to the iliac bifurcation The abdominal aorta supplies blood to much of the abdominal cavity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The abdominal aorta lies slightly to the left of the midline of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • CT scan showing the liver and a kidney A transverse contrast enhanced CT scan demonstrating an abdominal aortic aneurysm of 4.8 by 3.8 cm The standard aortic measurement on abdominal ultrasonography, such as used for abdominal aortic aneurysms, is between the outer margins of the aortic wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • The space between the visceral and parietal layers of lateral plate mesoderm is the primitive body cavity. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result of the cephalocaudal and lateral folding of the embryo, a portion of the endoderm-lined yolk sac cavity is incorporated into the embryo to form the primitive gut. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are, from the outside to the inside: external oblique, internal oblique, and transverse abdominal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Strength is gained by the criss-crossing of fibers, such that the external oblique are downward and forward, the internal oblique upward and forward, and the transverse abdominal horizontally forward. (wikipedia.org)
  • The transverse abdominal muscle is flat and triangular, with its fibers running horizontally. (wikipedia.org)
  • During surgery on the abdominal cavity, and especially on the chest pain impulses from the reflexogenic zones of the heart, lungs, great vessels, and so on, break tormoznoj-excitatory processes in the Central nervous system, which leads to disorder of the Central regulation mechanisms of vital systems of the body. (medicalency.com)
  • The thoracic cavity is divided into the pericardial cavity and two pleural cavities for the lungs by the pleuropericardial membranes. (wikipedia.org)
  • By degree of invasiveness of surgical procedures: Minimally-invasive surgery involves smaller outer incision(s) to insert miniaturized instruments within a body cavity or structure, as in laparoscopic surgery or angioplasty. (wikipedia.org)
  • I suggest you to have abdominal CT to see if there is no inflammation in the clips area. (healthcaremagic.com)
  • This classically causes lower abdominal pain, changes in bowel habits (diarrhea or constipation) and signs of inflammation (fever/chills, nausea/vomiting). (wikipedia.org)
  • Alcohol and hypertension: The inflammation caused by prolonged use of alcohol and hypertensive effects from abdominal edema which leads to hemorrhoids, esophageal varices, and other conditions, is also considered a long-term cause of AAA. (wikipedia.org)
  • You undergo baby title books endlessly, wondering what to call your how can a pregnancy occur in the abdominal cavity of pleasure. (lagaleriactiva.com)
  • Tens of thousands of ladies in additional than 127 international locations have used this infertility remedy to get pregnant and conceive naturally and are now proud how can a pregnancy occur in the abdominal cavity of beautiful kids. (lagaleriactiva.com)
  • The only rule there's on whether or not to have sex during your pregnancy is how can a pregnancy occur in the abdominal cavity or not or not you're feeling snug having sex. (lagaleriactiva.com)