That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.
A clinical syndrome with acute abdominal pain that is severe, localized, and rapid in onset. Acute abdomen may be caused by a variety of disorders, injuries, or diseases.
Radiographic visualization of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, i.e., within the peritoneal cavity.
General or unspecified injuries involving organs in the abdominal cavity.
Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.
Methods to repair breaks in abdominal tissues caused by trauma or to close surgical incisions during abdominal surgery.
The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
The region in the abdomen extending from the thoracic DIAPHRAGM to the plane of the superior pelvic aperture (pelvic inlet). The abdominal cavity contains the PERITONEUM and abdominal VISCERA, as well as the extraperitoneal space which includes the RETROPERITONEAL SPACE.
Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.
The outer margins of the ABDOMEN, extending from the osteocartilaginous thoracic cage to the PELVIS. Though its major part is muscular, the abdominal wall consists of at least seven layers: the SKIN, subcutaneous fat, deep FASCIA; ABDOMINAL MUSCLES, transversalis fascia, extraperitoneal fat, and the parietal PERITONEUM.
Any impairment, arrest, or reversal of the normal flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS toward the ANAL CANAL.
A condition with trapped gas or air in the PERITONEAL CAVITY, usually secondary to perforation of the internal organs such as the LUNG and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, or to recent surgery. Pneumoperitoneum may be purposely introduced to aid radiological examination.
Acute inflammation of the APPENDIX. Acute appendicitis is classified as simple, gangrenous, or perforated.
A rare intra-abdominal tumor in the MESENTERY. Mesenteric cysts are usually benign and can be very large fluid-filled (2000 mL) lesions.
The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.
Opening or penetration through the wall of the INTESTINES.
The application of a vacuum across the surface of a wound through a foam dressing cut to fit the wound. This removes wound exudates, reduces build-up of inflammatory mediators, and increases the flow of nutrients to the wound thus promoting healing.
Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.
An abnormal twisting or rotation of a bodily part or member on its axis.
Muscles forming the ABDOMINAL WALL including RECTUS ABDOMINIS, external and internal oblique muscles, transversus abdominis, and quadratus abdominis. (from Stedman, 25th ed)
Tear or break of an organ, vessel or other soft part of the body, occurring in the absence of external force.
Tumors or cancer of the pelvic region.
Penetrating wounds caused by a pointed object.
Conditions in which increased pressure within a limited space compromises the BLOOD CIRCULATION and function of tissue within that space. Some of the causes of increased pressure are TRAUMA, tight dressings, HEMORRHAGE, and exercise. Sequelae include nerve compression (NERVE COMPRESSION SYNDROMES); PARALYSIS; and ISCHEMIC CONTRACTURE.
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Pathological processes in the COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).
An inactive stage between the larval and adult stages in the life cycle of insects.
Pathological development in the ILEUM including the ILEOCECAL VALVE.
A double-layered fold of peritoneum that attaches the STOMACH to other organs in the ABDOMINAL CAVITY.
Wounds caused by objects penetrating the skin.
Pathological processes involving the PERITONEUM.
Accumulations of blood in the PERITONEAL CAVITY due to internal HEMORRHAGE.
A cystic growth originating from lymphatic tissue. It is usually found in the neck, axilla, or groin.
Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.
Surgical removal of the vermiform appendix. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A hernia caused by weakness of the anterior ABDOMINAL WALL due to midline defects, previous incisions, or increased intra-abdominal pressure. Ventral hernias include UMBILICAL HERNIA, incisional, epigastric, and spigelian hernias.
Infection of the spleen with species of MYCOBACTERIUM.
Either of two fleshy protuberances at the lower posterior section of the trunk or HIP in humans and primate on which a person or animal sits, consisting of gluteal MUSCLES and fat.
Any fluid-filled closed cavity or sac that is lined by an EPITHELIUM. Cysts can be of normal, abnormal, non-neoplastic, or neoplastic tissues.
Pathologic process consisting of a partial or complete disruption of the layers of a surgical wound.
A worm-like blind tube extension from the CECUM.
A form of intestinal obstruction caused by the PROLAPSE of a part of the intestine into the adjoining intestinal lumen. There are four types: colic, involving segments of the LARGE INTESTINE; enteric, involving only the SMALL INTESTINE; ileocecal, in which the ILEOCECAL VALVE prolapses into the CECUM, drawing the ILEUM along with it; and ileocolic, in which the ileum prolapses through the ileocecal valve into the COLON.
X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Accumulation of purulent material in tissues, organs, or circumscribed spaces, usually associated with signs of infection.
A congenital or acquired condition in which the SPLEEN is not in its normal anatomical position but moves about in the ABDOMEN. This is due to laxity or absence of suspensory ligaments which normally provide peritoneal attachments to keep the SPLEEN in a fixed position. Clinical symptoms include ABDOMINAL PAIN, splenic torsion and ISCHEMIA.
A condition characterized by the presence of multiple gas-filled cysts in the intestinal wall, the submucosa and/or subserosa of the INTESTINE. The majority of the cysts are found in the JEJUNUM and the ILEUM.
Inflammation of the GALLBLADDER; generally caused by impairment of BILE flow, GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, infections, or other diseases.
Tumors or cancer of the PERITONEUM.
A set of twelve curved bones which connect to the vertebral column posteriorly, and terminate anteriorly as costal cartilage. Together, they form a protective cage around the internal thoracic organs.
Pathological processes in the SIGMOID COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).
The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.
A hole or break through the wall of the UTERUS, usually made by the placement of an instrument or INTRAUTERINE DEVICES.
INFLAMMATION of the PERITONEUM lining the ABDOMINAL CAVITY as the result of infectious, autoimmune, or chemical processes. Primary peritonitis is due to infection of the PERITONEAL CAVITY via hematogenous or lymphatic spread and without intra-abdominal source. Secondary peritonitis arises from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY itself through RUPTURE or ABSCESS of intra-abdominal organs.
Accumulation or retention of free fluid within the peritoneal cavity.
A protrusion of abdominal structures through the retaining ABDOMINAL WALL. It involves two parts: an opening in the abdominal wall, and a hernia sac consisting of PERITONEUM and abdominal contents. Abdominal hernias include groin hernia (HERNIA, FEMORAL; HERNIA, INGUINAL) and VENTRAL HERNIA.
Removal of localized SUBCUTANEOUS FAT deposits by SUCTION CURETTAGE or blunt CANNULATION in the cosmetic correction of OBESITY and other esthetic contour defects.
Any woven or knit material of open texture used in surgery for the repair, reconstruction, or substitution of tissue. The mesh is usually a synthetic fabric made of various polymers. It is occasionally made of metal.
A genus of small, two-winged flies containing approximately 900 described species. These organisms are the most extensively studied of all genera from the standpoint of genetics and cytology.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.
An area occupying the most posterior aspect of the ABDOMINAL CAVITY. It is bounded laterally by the borders of the quadratus lumborum muscles and extends from the DIAPHRAGM to the brim of the true PELVIS, where it continues as the pelvic extraperitoneal space.
A condition characterized by poorly-circumscribed gelatinous masses filled with malignant mucin-secreting cells. Forty-five percent of pseudomyxomas arise from the ovary, usually in a mucinous cystadenocarcinoma (CYSTADENOCARCINOMA, MUCINOUS), which has prognostic significance. Pseudomyxoma peritonei must be differentiated from mucinous spillage into the peritoneum by a benign mucocele of the appendix. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Pathological developments in the CECUM.
Protrusion of tissue, structure, or part of an organ through the bone, muscular tissue, or the membrane by which it is normally contained. Hernia may involve tissues such as the ABDOMINAL WALL or the respiratory DIAPHRAGM. Hernias may be internal, external, congenital, or acquired.
An abscess located in the abdominal cavity, i.e., the cavity between the diaphragm above and the pelvis below. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Inflammation of a DIVERTICULUM or diverticula.
The rear surface of an upright primate from the shoulders to the hip, or the dorsal surface of tetrapods.
Pathological development in the JEJUNUM region of the SMALL INTESTINE.
Washing out of the peritoneal cavity. The procedure is a diagnostic as well as a therapeutic technique following abdominal trauma or inflammation.
A syndrome characterized by inflammation in the ILEUM, the CECUM, and the ASCENDING COLON. It is observed in cancer patients with CHEMOTHERAPY-induced NEUTROPENIA or in other immunocompromised individuals (IMMUNOCOMPROMISED HOST).
A discipline or occupation concerned with the study of INSECTS, including the biology and the control of insects.
Layers of connective tissue of variable thickness. The superficial fascia is found immediately below the skin; the deep fascia invests MUSCLES, nerves, and other organs.
A pouch or sac developed from a tubular or saccular organ, such as the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
Proteins that originate from insect species belonging to the genus DROSOPHILA. The proteins from the most intensely studied species of Drosophila, DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER, are the subject of much interest in the area of MORPHOGENESIS and development.
The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).
Materials used in closing a surgical or traumatic wound. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A superfamily of various freshwater CRUSTACEA, in the infraorder Astacidea, comprising the crayfish. Common genera include Astacus and Procambarus. Crayfish resemble lobsters, but are usually much smaller.
Dilatation of the COLON, often to alarming dimensions. There are various types of megacolon including congenital megacolon in HIRSCHSPRUNG DISEASE, idiopathic megacolon in CONSTIPATION, and TOXIC MEGACOLON.
The surgical construction of an opening between the colon and the surface of the body.
A tumor consisting of displaced ectodermal structures along the lines of embryonic fusion, the wall being formed of epithelium-lined connective tissue, including skin appendages, and containing keratin, sebum, and hair. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Hypertrophy and thickening of tissues from causes other than filarial infection, the latter being described as ELEPHANTIASIS, FILARIAL.
Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).
Unanticipated information discovered in the course of testing or medical care. Used in discussions of information that may have social or psychological consequences, such as when it is learned that a child's biological father is someone other than the putative father, or that a person tested for one disease or disorder has, or is at risk for, something else.
Bursting of the STOMACH.
A space in which the pressure is far below atmospheric pressure so that the remaining gases do not affect processes being carried on in the space.
Tumors or cancer in the ILEUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).
TUBERCULOSIS that involves any region of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, mostly in the distal ILEUM and the CECUM. In most cases, MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS is the pathogen. Clinical features include ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and palpable mass in the ileocecal area.
Concretions of swallowed hair, fruit or vegetable fibers, or similar substances found in the alimentary canal.
The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.
A collection of blood outside the BLOOD VESSELS. Hematoma can be localized in an organ, space, or tissue.
The portion of the leg in humans and other animals found between the HIP and KNEE.
Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.
Inflammation of the COLON due to colonic ISCHEMIA resulting from alterations in systemic circulation or local vasculature.
Twisting of the STOMACH that may result in gastric ISCHEMIA and GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION. It is often associated with DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA.
Presence of milky lymph (CHYLE) in the PERITONEAL CAVITY, with or without infection.
Infections with bacteria of the genus ACTINOMYCES.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A group of dermatoses with distinct morphologic features. The primary lesion is most commonly a papule, usually erythematous, with a variable degree of scaling on the surface. Plaques form through the coalescing of primary lesions.
A form of PERITONITIS seen in patients with TUBERCULOSIS, characterized by lesion either as a miliary form or as a pelvic mass on the peritoneal surfaces. Most patients have ASCITES, abdominal swelling, ABDOMINAL PAIN, and other systemic symptoms such as FEVER; WEIGHT LOSS; and ANEMIA.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
The act of blowing a powder, vapor, or gas into any body cavity for experimental, diagnostic, or therapeutic purposes.
Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.
A segment of the COLON between the RECTUM and the descending colon.
Enlargement of the liver.
Deliberate introduction of air into the peritoneal cavity.
The pit in the center of the ABDOMINAL WALL marking the point where the UMBILICAL CORD entered in the FETUS.
An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.
The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.
The musculofibrous partition that separates the THORACIC CAVITY from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY. Contraction of the diaphragm increases the volume of the thoracic cavity aiding INHALATION.
Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
Tumors or cancer in the JEJUNUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).
The outer margins of the thorax containing SKIN, deep FASCIA; THORACIC VERTEBRAE; RIBS; STERNUM; and MUSCLES.
A membrane of squamous EPITHELIAL CELLS, the mesothelial cells, covered by apical MICROVILLI that allow rapid absorption of fluid and particles in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. The peritoneum is divided into parietal and visceral components. The parietal peritoneum covers the inside of the ABDOMINAL WALL. The visceral peritoneum covers the intraperitoneal organs. The double-layered peritoneum forms the MESENTERY that suspends these organs from the abdominal wall.
Tumors or cancer of the ADRENAL GLANDS.
A congenital abnormality characterized by the outpouching or sac formation in the ILEUM. It is a remnant of the embryonic YOLK SAC in which the VITELLINE DUCT failed to close.
Acute inflammation of the GALLBLADDER wall. It is characterized by the presence of ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and LEUKOCYTOSIS. Gallstone obstruction of the CYSTIC DUCT is present in approximately 90% of the cases.
A long flat muscle that extends along the whole length of both sides of the abdomen. It flexes the vertebral column, particularly the lumbar portion; it also tenses the anterior abdominal wall and assists in compressing the abdominal contents. It is frequently the site of hematomas. In reconstructive surgery it is often used for the creation of myocutaneous flaps. (From Gray's Anatomy, 30th American ed, p491)
A species of fruit fly much used in genetics because of the large size of its chromosomes.
The production of an image obtained by cameras that detect the radioactive emissions of an injected radionuclide as it has distributed differentially throughout tissues in the body. The image obtained from a moving detector is called a scan, while the image obtained from a stationary camera device is called a scintiphotograph.
Pathological processes of the OVARY.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.
INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS. Pancreatitis is classified as acute unless there are computed tomographic or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographic findings of CHRONIC PANCREATITIS (International Symposium on Acute Pancreatitis, Atlanta, 1992). The two most common forms of acute pancreatitis are ALCOHOLIC PANCREATITIS and gallstone pancreatitis.
Insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the spleen due to emboli, thrombi, vascular torsion, or pressure that produces a macroscopic area of necrosis. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
A type of ILEUS, a functional not mechanical obstruction of the INTESTINES. This syndrome is caused by a large number of disorders involving the smooth muscles (MUSCLE, SMOOTH) or the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Surgical procedure involving either partial or entire removal of the spleen.
The creation of a visual display of the inside of the entire body of a human or animal for the purposes of diagnostic evaluation. This is most commonly achieved by using MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; or POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY.
General term for CYSTS and cystic diseases of the OVARY.
A twisting in the intestine (INTESTINES) that can cause INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION.
The use of a device composed of thermoluminescent material for measuring exposure to IONIZING RADIATION. The thermoluminescent material emits light when heated. The amount of light emitted is proportional to the amount of ionizing radiation to which the material has been exposed.
Inflammation of a vein, often a vein in the leg. Phlebitis associated with a blood clot is called (THROMBOPHLEBITIS).
A layer of the peritoneum which attaches the abdominal viscera to the ABDOMINAL WALL and conveys their blood vessels and nerves.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
Timing the acquisition of imaging data to specific points in the breathing cycle to minimize image blurring and other motion artifacts. The images are used diagnostically and also interventionally to coordinate radiation treatment beam on/off cycles to protect healthy tissues when they move into the beam field during different times in the breathing cycle.
Multiple physical insults or injuries occurring simultaneously.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Surgical removal of the GALLBLADDER.
Proteins found in any species of insect.
Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.
The aorta from the DIAPHRAGM to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries.
Skin diseases caused by ARTHROPODS; HELMINTHS; or other parasites.
A compound used as an x-ray contrast medium that occurs in nature as the mineral barite. It is also used in various manufacturing applications and mixed into heavy concrete to serve as a radiation shield.
A type of pain that is perceived in an area away from the site where the pain arises, such as facial pain caused by lesion of the VAGUS NERVE, or throat problem generating referred pain in the ear.
An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.
Pathological processes in any segment of the INTESTINE from DUODENUM to RECTUM.
Loose connective tissue lying under the DERMIS, which binds SKIN loosely to subjacent tissues. It may contain a pad of ADIPOCYTES, which vary in number according to the area of the body and vary in size according to the nutritional state.
Migration of a foreign body from its original location to some other location in the body.
A mass of histologically normal tissue present in an abnormal location.
Surgical creation of an opening (stoma) in the URINARY BLADDER for drainage.
Profound physical changes during maturation of living organisms from the immature forms to the adult forms, such as from TADPOLES to frogs; caterpillars to BUTTERFLIES.
The type of DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA caused by TRAUMA or injury, usually to the ABDOMEN.
A multilocular tumor with mucin secreting epithelium. They are most often found in the ovary, but are also found in the pancreas, appendix, and rarely, retroperitoneal and in the urinary bladder. They are considered to have low-grade malignant potential.
Tumors or cancer of the APPENDIX.
Pathological processes of the ADRENAL GLANDS.
The escape of diagnostic or therapeutic material from the vessel into which it is introduced into the surrounding tissue or body cavity.
Formation of an infarct, which is NECROSIS in tissue due to local ISCHEMIA resulting from obstruction of BLOOD CIRCULATION, most commonly by a THROMBUS or EMBOLUS.
Surgical procedures undertaken to repair abnormal openings through which tissue or parts of organs can protrude or are already protruding.
Forcible or traumatic tear or break of an organ or other soft part of the body.
Inflammation of the COLONIC DIVERTICULA, generally with abscess formation and subsequent perforation.
A congenital abnormality in which organs in the THORAX and the ABDOMEN are opposite to their normal positions (situs solitus) due to lateral transposition. Normally the STOMACH and SPLEEN are on the left, LIVER on the right, the three-lobed right lung is on the right, and the two-lobed left lung on the left. Situs inversus has a familial pattern and has been associated with a number of genes related to microtubule-associated proteins.
A developmental defect in which a TESTIS or both TESTES failed to descend from high in the ABDOMEN to the bottom of the SCROTUM. Testicular descent is essential to normal SPERMATOGENESIS which requires temperature lower than the BODY TEMPERATURE. Cryptorchidism can be subclassified by the location of the maldescended testis.
A peritoneal mesothelioma affecting mainly young females and producing cysts of variable size and number lined by a single layer of benign mesothelial cells. The disease follows a benign course and is compatible with a normal life expectancy, requiring occasionally partial excision or decompression for relief of pain or other symptoms. Malignant potential is exceptional. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1345)
Plant-eating orthopterans having hindlegs adapted for jumping. There are two main families: Acrididae and Romaleidae. Some of the more common genera are: Melanoplus, the most common grasshopper; Conocephalus, the eastern meadow grasshopper; and Pterophylla, the true katydid.
Tumors or cancer of the LIVER.
Excision of a portion of the colon or of the whole colon. (Dorland, 28th ed)
First aid or other immediate intervention for accidents or medical conditions requiring immediate care and treatment before definitive medical and surgical management can be procured.
An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).
Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
Compounds that are used in medicine as sources of radiation for radiotherapy and for diagnostic purposes. They have numerous uses in research and industry. (Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1161)
Arthropods of the class ARACHNIDA, order Araneae. Except for mites and ticks, spiders constitute the largest order of arachnids, with approximately 37,000 species having been described. The majority of spiders are harmless, although some species can be regarded as moderately harmful since their bites can lead to quite severe local symptoms. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, p508; Smith, Insects and Other Arthropods of Medical Importance, 1973, pp424-430)
Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.
An abnormal anatomical passage between the INTESTINE, and another segment of the intestine or other organs. External intestinal fistula is connected to the SKIN (enterocutaneous fistula). Internal intestinal fistula can be connected to a number of organs, such as STOMACH (gastrocolic fistula), the BILIARY TRACT (cholecystoduodenal fistula), or the URINARY BLADDER of the URINARY TRACT (colovesical fistula). Risk factors include inflammatory processes, cancer, radiation treatment, and surgical misadventures (MEDICAL ERRORS).
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Material used for wrapping or binding any part of the body.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Pathological processes consisting of the union of the opposing surfaces of a wound.
The external junctural region between the lower part of the abdomen and the thigh.
Pathological processes of the URINARY BLADDER.
The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.
The measurement of radiation by photography, as in x-ray film and film badge, by Geiger-Mueller tube, and by SCINTILLATION COUNTING.
Examination of any part of the body for diagnostic purposes by means of X-RAYS or GAMMA RAYS, recording the image on a sensitized surface (such as photographic film).
A condition caused by the lack of intestinal PERISTALSIS or INTESTINAL MOTILITY without any mechanical obstruction. This interference of the flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS often leads to INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION. Ileus may be classified into postoperative, inflammatory, metabolic, neurogenic, and drug-induced.
The venous trunk which receives blood from the lower extremities and from the pelvic and abdominal organs.
Stones in the URINARY BLADDER; also known as vesical calculi, bladder stones, or cystoliths.
The functional hereditary units of INSECTS.
A usually benign, well-encapsulated, lobular, vascular tumor of chromaffin tissue of the ADRENAL MEDULLA or sympathetic paraganglia. The cardinal symptom, reflecting the increased secretion of EPINEPHRINE and NOREPINEPHRINE, is HYPERTENSION, which may be persistent or intermittent. During severe attacks, there may be HEADACHE; SWEATING, palpitation, apprehension, TREMOR; PALLOR or FLUSHING of the face, NAUSEA and VOMITING, pain in the CHEST and ABDOMEN, and paresthesias of the extremities. The incidence of malignancy is as low as 5% but the pathologic distinction between benign and malignant pheochromocytomas is not clear. (Dorland, 27th ed; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1298)
Solitary or multiple collections of PUS within the liver as a result of infection by bacteria, protozoa, or other agents.

Primary repair of cornual rupture occurring at 21 weeks gestation and successful pregnancy outcome. (1/299)

The successful delivery in a 31 year old woman at 33 weeks gestation is reported, after repair to a cornual rupture which occurred at 21 weeks gestation. The patient exhibited acute abdominal pain and pending shock. Emergency laparotomy showed a cornual rupture and an intrauterine vital fetus having intact amnion membrane. On the patient's family's insistence, primary repair for a cornual rupture was performed and preservation of the fetus attempted. Postoperatively, tocolytic agent with ritodrine hydrochloride was administered and close follow-up of the patient was uneventful. The patient had a smooth obstetric course until 33 weeks gestation when premature rupture of the membranes occurred, soon followed by the onset of labour. She underwent an elective Caesarean section and delivered a normal male fetus weighing 2140 g with Apgar scores at 1, 5 and 10 min of 6, 8, and 9 respectively. Because of this successful outcome, we suggest that primary repair for such an unusual patient should be accepted.  (+info)

Pelvic abscess in the second half of pregnancy after oocyte retrieval for in-vitro fertilization: case report. (2/299)

We describe a very late manifestation of pelvic abscesses after oocyte retrieval for in-vitro fertilization (IVF). In a twin pregnancy achieved after intracytoplasmic sperm injection, rupture of bilateral ovarian abscesses occurred at the end of the second trimester. An emergency laparotomy was necessary because of an acute abdomen. This complication led to severe maternal and neonatal morbidity, preterm birth and neonatal death. The rare occurrence of acute abdomen in pregnancy due to pelvic infection and the non-specific symptoms of a pelvic abscess after oocyte retrieval for IVF are discussed.  (+info)

Neutrophil activation in sickle cell disease. (3/299)

Vascular occlusion is the main cause of the morbidity and mortality observed in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). Increasing evidence indicates that (activated) neutrophils could play an important role in the initiation and propagation of vaso-occlusive processes in SCD. In this study, the activation state of neutrophils in sickle cell patients was analyzed by determining the level of expression of neutrophil antigens such as CD62L, CD11b, CD66b, CD63, and Fcgamma receptors. We also analyzed plasma levels of lactoferrin, elastase, soluble (s)CD16 (sFcgammaRIII), and serum levels of soluble (s)CD62L (sL-selectin) as neutrophil activation markers in these patients. Significant differences were observed in the activation state of neutrophils in non-symptomatic sickle cell patients compared to healthy HbAA controls as exemplified by significant decrease in L-selectin expression, enhanced expression of CD64, and increased levels of soluble markers like sL-selectin, elastase, and sCD16. During vaso-occlusive crisis the differences were even more pronounced. These results show neutrophils to be activated in sickle cell patients, suggesting a role of importance in the pathophysiology of sickle cell disease.  (+info)

Non-traumatic acute abdomen: videolaparoscopic approach. (4/299)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Although videolaparoscopy has been considered a safe method for many elective procedures, its use in traumatic and non-traumatic acute abdomen needs to be evaluated. The aim of this article is to evaluate the role of videolaparoscopy in non-traumatic acute abdomen as a method of diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: Between January 1992 and December 1996, 462 patients' charts were reviewed, retrospectively. Patients were admitted to the emergency room of Sao Rafael Hospital with symptoms of non-traumatic acute abdomen. Routine investigation of abdominal pain was performed in all patients, followed by videolaparoscopy. The laparoscopic procedures were done with four main purposes: diagnosis (ie, enteritis); diagnosis and treatment (ie, appendicitis); treatment only, when the diagnosis was known (ie, acute cholecystitis); and in cases where the conversion to conventional laparotomy was necessary, indicating the best incision. RESULTS: The vast majority of patients had inflammatory causes of acute abdomen (82.03%); others causes were hemoperitoneum (11.03%), bowel obstruction (3.25%), perforation of a hollow viscera (1.74%), vascular occlusion (1.3%), and negative laparoscopy (0.65%). CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that laparotomy was necessary in only 7.14% of the patients. The videolaparoscopic approach was used for diagnosis (99.35%) and treatment (92.86%) of patients with acute abdomen.  (+info)

Measurement for breath concentration of hydrogen and methane in horses. (5/299)

This study concerns the establishment of a simple testing method for breath concentration of hydrogen and methane in horses. Twenty-eight healthy thoroughbreds and 24 Arabians were used. Breath samples were collected using one-minute closed circulatory respiration through an aluminum bag filled with 10 liters of pure oxygen, which was mounted on the subjects by means of a face mask. Breath samples obtained, were analyzed by gas chromatography. A significant correlation in both hydrogen and methane levels was observed for samples collected at separate times. These findings confirmed the usefulness of our approach for testing breath concentrations of hydrogen and methane in horses.  (+info)

Survey of surgical emergencies in a rural population in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. (6/299)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of specific surgical emergencies in a mountainous rural community in the Northern Areas of Pakistan and to assess use of existing health services, and outcomes related to acute surgical illness events. METHOD: A cross-sectional population-based survey was conducted. Interviewers visited each of 118 villages in the study area (population 100000), selected a random sample from a total of 9900 households, and interviewed the oldest premenopausal female member (n = 836). Questions were focused on injury, acute abdomen, and/or maternal morbidity occurring in the past year. Cases were included as surgical emergencies when one or more index clinical features indicating a potential for surgical intervention were present. Mortality from a wider range of surgical emergencies was also elicited based on the respondent's lifetime knowledge of the household. RESULTS: The incidence rates were 1531/100000 persons per year for injuries; 1364/100000 for acute abdomen, and 16462/100000 for maternal morbidity. The rate of injuries was 2.7 times higher and that of acute abdomen twice as high in males as in females. The injury rate decreased with advancing age, being 13 times higher in children < 5 years than in adults > 40. By contrast, the rate for acute abdomen showed a rise with advancing age, being 8 times higher in the > 40 age group than in under-fives. Burns, falls and road accidents, in that order, were the commonest forms of injury accounting for 82% of 138 cases. Of 43 burn casualties, 46% were in the age group < 5 years; there was no gender bias. Of 71 casualties from falls and road accidents, 85% were aged 6-40 years; there was 6 : 1 male predominance. The maternal morbidity rate was highest in the age group 25-35 years and may be attributed to the high pregnancy rate in this age bracket. Of 408 patients with acute surgical illness, 85% were managed initially at home or close to home in a health centre, dispensary or civil hospital; 32% eventually sought specialist surgical care. The overall rate for minor and major surgical procedures was 411/100000 persons per year (lowest estimate), and appeared to be low. The rate of operative deliveries at 11.8/1000 deliveries (lowest estimate) was particularly low. The mortality rates were correspondingly high: 55/100000 persons per year for injuries and for acute abdomen (lowest estimates). The maternal mortality ratio was particularly high at 8.9/1000 deliveries (lowest estimate). Annual mortality rates derived from deaths recalled during the respondent's lifetime in the household (mean period = 26 years), tended to corroborate the results of the 1-year survey. CONCLUSION: The incidence rates for broad categories of serious acute surgical illness in the study population far exceeded the rates of acute surgical intervention. Mortality rates were correspondingly high. Such evidence points to a large unmet surgical need and ought to spur improvements in the health service.  (+info)

Hemoperitoneum is an initial presentation of recurrent granulosa cell tumors of the ovary. (7/299)

Ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors account for less than 5% of all ovarian carcinoma, of which granulosa cell tumors account for 70%. These tumors have a propensity for indolent growth and late recurrence; they may even occur 25 years after initial treatment. We report a 44-year-old woman with hemoperitoneum (acute abdomen) after initial treatment 10 years earlier for granulosa cell tumor of the ovary. This case re-emphasizes the need for long-term follow-up in patients with stromal cell tumors of the ovary and considers the possibility of recurrence when presented with acute abdomen after conservative treatment.  (+info)

A British family with herediatary pancreatitis. (8/299)

A family with hereditary pancreatitis is described. Nine family members definitely have had pancreatitis, whilst 15 more are suspected of having the disease. The condition presents as recurrent attacks of epigastric or central abdominal pain, sometimes radiating to the back, often associated with vomiting. The attacks of pain usually last three to four days. The inheritance fits well with an autosomal dominant pattern with limited penetrance, as it does in other families described in the literature. There is no aminoaciduria as has been described in some previously reported families. The attacks of pain start in childhood or young adult life (mean age of onset inthis family is 12-6 years) and appear to cease in this family by the age of 40 years. The diagnosis of pancreatitis in members of the family who have had confirmed pancreatitis was made by finding a raised serum amylase concentration in four cases, at laparotomy in four cases, and by pancreatic calcification seen on radiography in one case, The literature on the condition is reviewed, and it is speculated that the condition may have been underdiagnosed in Britain.  (+info)

Acute and severe abdominal pain as an emergency: the term acute Abdomen or acute abdomen to collect various abdominal diseases in which suddenly, a life-threatening condition can occur. Accompanies the acute Abdomen of the most violent, strong abdominal pain, colic occur fast or permanently. Often, the severe pain associated with Nausea and vomiting. A palpable hard abdominal wall (muscular tenderness), as well as a bloated belly in the case of absolute Lack of bowel movements or outgoing winds often occur. There is an urgent emergency exists, if the ongoing abdominal pain from the vomiting of Blood, fever, tachycardia (rapid heartbeat), low blood pressure, facial pallor and cold sweat. Then shock and circulatory failure, requiring intensive medical treatment.. Table of contents. ...
An acute abdomen refers to a sudden, severe abdominal pain. It is in many cases a medical emergency, requiring urgent and specific diagnosis. Several causes need surgical treatment. The differential diagnoses of acute abdomen include but are not limited to: Acute appendicitis Acute peptic ulcer and its complications Acute cholecystitis Acute pancreatitis Acute intestinal ischemia (see section below) Acute diverticulitis Ectopic pregnancy with tubal rupture Ovarian torsion Acute peritonitis (including hollow viscus perforation) Acute ureteric colic Bowel volvulus Bowel obstruction Acute pyelonephritis Adrenal crisis Biliary colic Abdominal aortic aneurysm Familial Mediterranean fever Hemoperitoneum Ruptured spleen Kidney stone Sickle cell anaemia Acute abdomen is occasionally used synonymously with peritonitis. While this is not entirely incorrect, peritonitis is the more specific term, referring to inflammation of the peritoneum. It manifests on physical examination as rebound tenderness, or ...
Posted on 2017-06-27 in Diagnostic Imaging and Emergency & critical care. The acute abdomen is a common presentation in emergency veterinary medicine. The term acute abdomen refers to a patient presenting with acute clinical signs and abdominal pain due to a disease process of an abdominal structure. In veterinary medicine, this commonly includes gastrointestinal, hepatobiliary, or urogenital causes, as well as those occurring secondary to abdominal neoplasia. Gastrointestinal emergencies include dietary indiscretion mechanical ileus (foreign material obstruction), intussusception, gastric dilatation and volvulus, and pancreatitis. Urogenital causes include urethral obstruction, ureteral obstruction, and pyometra. Obstruction of the biliary tract, either at the level of the gallbladder such as mucocele formation, or the ducts, are also possible diagnoses for the acute abdomen. Many of the these may lead to septic peritonitis if there is rupture or perforation of the affected structure. Some ...
Acute abdomen is a medical emergency with a wide spectrum of etiologies. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) can help in early identification and management of the causes. The ACUTE-ABDOMEN protocol was created by the authors to aid in the evaluation of acute abdominal pain using a systematic sonographic approach, integrating the same core ultrasound techniques already in use-into one mnemonic. This mnemonic ACUTE means: A: abdominal aortic aneurysm; C: collapsed inferior vena cava; U: ulcer (perforated viscus); T: trauma (free fluid); E: ectopic pregnancy, followed by ABDOMEN which stands: A: appendicitis; B: biliary tract; D: distended bowel loop; O: obstructive uropathy; Men: testicular torsion/Women: ovarian torsion. The article discusses two cases of abdominal pain the diagnosis and management of which were directed and expedited as a result of using the ACUTE-ABDOMEN protocol. The first case was of a 33-year-old male, who presented with a 3-day history of abdominal pain, vomiting and constipation.
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Conclusion: The adverse consequences of prolonged waiting time in our center among patients admitted with acute surgical abdomen are most commonly due to financial difficulties. A hospital-based credit scheme available to emergency aptients will rapidly improve the quality of care we give our patients.. Key words: Waiting time, Acute abdominal emergencies; Outcome Introduction Acute surgical abdomen are life-threatening emergencies. Early presentation of cases to the hospital and prompt surgical treatment of the clinically stabilized patient are imperative to the post-operative survival of the individual1. Delayed hospital presentation is common in most developing countries such as Nigeria2-7. In addition delay may caused by several factors in the hospital prior to emergency laparotomy. Factors often listed are; patients factors and institutional inadequacies 8,9. These delays contribute to further physiological deterioration of the sick, which is inimical to a satisfactory post-surgical outcome ...
Radiology assistent - abdomen - Abdominal Trauma - Role of CT - Acute Abdomen - Aortic aneurysm rupture - Acute Abdomen - A Practical Approach - Acute Abdomen - Closed Loop Obstruction - Acute Abdomen - Ultrasonography - Adrenals: differentiation of adrenal masses - Appendix: Mimics of appendicitis - â ¦ Ciencias Sociales A Radiology Assistant in the New York City, NY Area area reported making $16 per hour. 2, Vertebral body (TH 12). Apply to Radiologist, Technician, Assistant and more! the abdomen should be free from rotation with symmetry of the: ribs (superior) iliac crests (middle) obturator foramen (inferior) Practical points. Abdomen Ultrasound Imaging Technique The abdomen is examined with sector or curved array transducers using frequencies of 5.0 to 2.25 MHz. Introduction. 1-2 years experience. Radiology Assistant 2.0 app; StartRadiology; iPad version of the Radiology Assistant; iPhone; iPhone application; Acute Abdomen - Practical approach Adriaan van Breda Vriesman and Robin ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Reliability and validity of a visual analog scale for acute abdominal pain in the ED. AU - Gallagher, E. John. AU - Bijur, Polly E.. AU - Latimer, Clarke. AU - Silver, Wendy. PY - 2002/1/1. Y1 - 2002/1/1. N2 - The objective of the study was to assess the validity and reliability of the visual analog scale (VAS) in the measurement of acute abdominal pain, and to identify the minimum clinically significant difference in VAS scores among patients with acute abdominal pain. The study was undertaken in preparation for a randomized clinical trial of opioid use in acute abdominal pain. A prospective, observational cohort study of a convenience sample of patients presenting to 2 urban EDs with the chief complaint of acute abdominal pain was conducted. At time 0 and 1 minute later each subject indicated pain severity on a 100mm VAS. This was repeated every 30 minutes for 2 hours. Patients were also asked to contrast their current pain severity with their pain in the preceding 30 minutes ...
Blackburn with Darwen men turning 65 are being encouraged to take up a screening invite for a potentially fatal abdominal condition - with those already aged over 65 able to refer themselves in to the service.. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAA) can be caused when the main blood vessel in the abdomen - the aorta - weakens and starts to stretch. If undetected, the condition can be fatal.. An NHS Screening Programme for the condition was launched in Lancashire and Cumbria last year, with invitations for screening being sent to men in the year they turn 65. 9663 men have so far received a scan.. Those who are over 65 but havent been invited for AAA screening can self-refer for a scan by contacting their local screening programme directly on: 0191 445 2554 or by emailing: [email protected] The NHS AAA Screening Programme aims to reduce deaths from the condition among men aged 65 and over, by up to 50 per cent, by detecting aneurysms early and offering appropriate monitoring or treatment. Men ...
Catastrophic Event Team Training The TraumaMan Surgical Abdomen Training System offers an excellent solution in the growing area of team training. It allows you to transform your existing TraumaMan Systems abdominal area into a blood pumping abdominal surgical site thats flexible enough to accommodate a wide array of open and laparascopic surgical scenarios.
By Patel, Vijaykumar G Rao, Arundathi; Williams, Reginald; Srinivasan, Radha; Et al Acute epiploic appendagitis (EA) is a rare and often misdiagnosed cause of acute abdominal pain. Though a benign and often self- limiting condition, EAs ability to mimic other disease processes makes it an important consideration in patients presenting with acute abdominal symptoms. Careful evaluation of abdominal CT scan findings is crucial in the accurate diagnosis of epiploic appendagitis, thus avoiding unnecessary surgical intervention. We report a case of a 29-year-old male presenting with a two day history of generalized abdominal pain. Physical exam revealed a diffusely tender abdomen with hypoactive bowel sounds. The patient had a leukocytosis of 18,000 and abdominal CT scan revealed right lower quadrant inflammatory changes suggestive of acute appendicitis. Laparoscopic exploration revealed an inflamed gangrenous structure adjacent to the ileocecal junction. Pathologic evaluation revealed tissue ...
At present, CT is the gold standard in the assessment of patients with acute abdomen. Yet, one CT of the abdomen exposes patients to a radiation dose equivalent to several years of background radiation. MR can be expected to yield the same information without ionizing radiation, but tends to be more time consuming. In this study, patients with nontraumatic acute abdominal pain referred to CT of the abdomen by the department of surgery will also have performed an additional MR scan covering the entire abdomen with few fast imaging sequences in approximately 15min. CT is the diagnostic test. The MR scan is only used for scientific purposes. It will be evaluated by a radiologist blinded for the results of the CT scan. Fourteen days after admission, a final diagnosis is established based on clinical, peroperative, pathological and lab. findings. The performance of CT and MR will then be compared. The investigators hypothesize that MR can provide a diagnostic accuracy comparable to CT ...
Multiple other conditions can mimic an acute surgical abdomen: the prodromal phase of herpes zoster (see shingles (herpes zoster) mimicking appendicitis) abdominal wall hematoma, sickle cell crisis, withdrawal, typhoid, pneumonia and myocardial infarction are examples. There is also a primary peritonitis that occurs mostly (75%) in women, and young girls, usually due to pneumococcus spread hematogenously. Ascites may also become secondarily infected. Foreign bodies such as peritoneal-venous shunt may be a nidus for infection ...
Acute abdomen is the medical term used for pain in the abdomen that usually comes on suddenly and is so severe that one may have to go to the hospital. As opposed to common abdominal pain, which can be caused by minor issues such as constipation or gas, acute abdominal pain can signal a variety of more serious conditions, some of which require immediate medical care and/or surgery. Therefore, if you suspect you have this condition, contact your doctor immediately. ...
[Acute abdomen : What the clinician wants to know from the radiologist]. Radiologe. 2019 Jan 09;: Authors: Tamandl D, Uray T Abstract CLINICAL ISSUE: Acute abdominal pain is a prevalent problem in the emergency department. The work-up has to include a broad spectrum of differential diagnoses, which should be narrowed down with respect to frequent diagnoses without o...
Four hospitals in UK have achieved a huge reduction in the number of patients dying following emergency abdominal surgery, after adopting a care bundle devised by patient safety specialists.
n acute abdomen refers to a sudden, severe abdominal pain. It is in many cases a medical emergency, requiring urgent and specific diagnosis.
Continuous or chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) has become an accepted treatment for end-stage chronic renal failure. It is well known that peritonitis is the most common complication of CAPD. The majority of these cases of peritonitis are catheter related and will usually resolve with antibiotic therapy. Although a single organism usually causes catheter related peritonitis, 6-9% of cases are polymicrobial in origin. A patient with CAPD can suffer an acute abdomen from gastrointestinal origin and it is a diagnostic challenge for surgeons to identify those patients with multiple enteric organisms isolated from the peritoneal fluid who will benefit from surgical exploration. Surgical exploration can be performed by means of laparotomy or laparoscopy. Laparoscopy is fast becoming the preferred surgical approach to a number of different pathologies because it allows them to be diagnosed and treated at the same time. There are also clear advantages for the patient associated with this ...
Laparoscopic Excision of a Pedunculated Uterine Leiomyoma in Torsion as a Cause of Acute Abdomen at 10 Weeks of Pregnancy - Get your full text copy in PDF #893382
Of note, the splenic flexure, or the junction between the transverse and descending colon, is supplied by the most distal portions of both the inferior mesenteric artery and superior mesenteric artery. It is referred to medically as a watershed area, or an area especially vulnerable to ischemia during periods of systemic hypoperfusion, such as in shock (medical). Acute abdomen of the ischemic variety is usually due to: ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Unsuspected colchicine overdose in a female patient presenting as an acute abdomen. AU - Blackham, R. E.. AU - Little, M.. AU - Baker, S.. AU - Augustson, B. M.. AU - MacQuillan, G. C.. PY - 2007/6. Y1 - 2007/6. N2 - We report a case of multi-system organ failure as a result of unsuspected colchicine overdose in a patient with known gout and bulimia nervosa. The patient had initially presented with mild gastrointestinal symptoms with rapid progression to fulminant hepatic failure and multiple organ dysfunction before the causative agent was identified. The patient survived with aggressive intensive care support and ongoing medical treatment. Physicians should be aware of the risk assessment based on the ingested dose, that the clinical presentation of colchicine in toxic doses may be nonspecific with high potential for severe morbidity or death and that survival may occur despite multiple organ failure requiring aggressive support.. AB - We report a case of multi-system organ ...
Buy Diagnostic Imaging of the Acute Abdomen: A Clinico-Radiologic Approach by Dieter Beyer online at Alibris. We have new and used copies available, in 2 editions - starting at $85.84. Shop now.
Study Flashcards On General Surgery (Acute Abdomen) at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want!
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The work-up of a small animal patient with acute abdomen includes abdominocentesis and other diagnostics. Learn some tips for performing abdominocentesis, analyzing the effluent and interpreting the findings.
Acute abdomen in the adult answers are found in the Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
ABDOMINAL PAIN ACUTE ABDOMEN PROF JHR BECKER DEPARTMENT CHIRURGIE Abdominal pain that requires Hospital admission Investigation and treatment less than one week duration ACUTE ABDOMEN 50% of Surgical admissions are emergencies 50% of that is acute abdominal pain 30 day mortality is 4% if ... Doc Retrieval ...
Abdominal conditions: Codeine, like other narcotic medications, may make the diagnosis of abdominal conditions more difficult or it may worsen these conditions. If you are scheduled for abdominal surgery or have an abdominal condition such as inflammatory or obstructive bowel disease, acute cholecystitis, or pancreatitis, discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed. Breathing: Codeine can suppress breathing. Children are more likely to experience serious breathing problems, including death. For this reason, this medication should not be given to people less than 18 years old. If you are at risk of breathing difficulties, such as asthma, discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special ...
Abdominal conditions: Codeine may make the diagnosis of abdominal conditions more difficult or it may worsen these conditions. If you have an abdominal condition such as inflammatory or obstructive bowel disease, acute cholecystitis, or pancreatitis, discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.. Bleeding disorders: ASA may increase bruising and bleeding from cuts that may take longer to stop. If you have a bleeding disorder or a history of bleeding problems, discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.. Breathing: Codeine can suppress breathing. If you are at risk for breathing difficulties, such as asthma, discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect ...
Abdominal conditions: Tramadol - acetaminophen may make the diagnosis of abdominal conditions more difficult or it may worsen these conditions. If you have an abdominal condition such as inflammatory or obstructive bowel disease, acute cholecystitis, or pancreatitis, discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.. Breathing: Tramadol - acetaminophen can suppress breathing. If you have asthma, or are otherwise at risk for breathing problems, discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.. Dependence and withdrawal: Tramadol can cause physical dependence, psychological dependence, and addiction. If this medication is stopped suddenly, you may experience withdrawal ...
Abdominal conditions: Codeine may make the diagnosis of abdominal conditions more difficult or it may worsen these conditions. If you have any abdominal conditions such as inflammatory or obstructive bowel disease, acute cholecystitis, or pancreatitis, discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.. Alcoholism: People who drink large amounts of alcohol over long periods of time and who take this medication should be closely monitored by their doctors. These people are at increased risk of liver damage or disease.. Breathing: Codeine can suppress breathing. If you are at risk for breathing difficulties (e.g., if you have asthma), discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is ...
Abdominal conditions: Oxycodone may make the diagnosis of abdominal conditions more difficult or it may worsen these conditions. People with abdominal conditions such as inflammatory or obstructive bowel disease, acute cholecystitis, or pancreatitis should discuss with their doctor how this medication may affect their medical condition, how their medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.. Breathing: Oxycodone can suppress breathing. People at risk for breathing difficulties, such as asthma, should discuss with their doctor how this medication may affect their medical condition, how their medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.. Dependence and withdrawal: This medication contains oxycodone. Physical dependence, psychological dependence, and abuse have occurred with the use of oxycodone. People with a history of past or current ...
In session I you have learnt the anesthetic management of emergency patient with emphasis on cardiovascular and air way maintenance in full stomach consideration. Acute abdomen among it intestinal obstruction, appendicitis and peritonitis are common problems in our country which are managed surgically on urgent bases. These emergency surgical procedures came to us with full stomach which is the cause of aspiration, hypoxia and death. Most of these patients are coming with hypovolemia therefore; preoperative resuscitation is part of the general and anesthetic management. Outcome depends on preoperative optimization of cardiovascular status. In this session you will learn to acquire knowledge, appropriate skill and right attitude to manage patient with acute surgical abdomen which is common and challenging anesthetic practice especially in primary hospital ...
Background: The aims were to evaluate the importance of the formal competence of the emergency department physician, the patients time of arrival at the emergency department, and the use of a structured schedule for investigation of patients with acute abdominal pain. Methods: Patients attending the Mora Hospital with acute abdominal pain from 1997 to 2000 were registered prospectively according to a structured schedule. Registration included history, symptoms, signs, preliminary diagnosis, surgery and final diagnosis after at least one year. Results: 3073 acute abdominal pain patients were included. The preliminary diagnosis, as compared with the final diagnosis, was correct in 54% (n = 1659). Previously, during 1996, a base-line registration of 790 patients had a 58% correct diagnoses (n = 458). A majority of the patients (n = 2699; 88%) were managed by nonspecialists. The proportion of correct diagnoses was 54% (n = 759) for pre-registrar house officers and 55% (n = 443) for senior house ...
This study revealed the prevalence of IO to be 4.8 % among all surgical patients admitted to surgical ward and 21.8 % among patients admitted with a diagnosis of acute abdomen with subsequent surgical management. Indeed, world wide it has been estimated that 1 % of all hospitalizations, 3 % of emergency surgical admissions to general hospitals and 4 % of major colostomies are secondary to IO. This study confirmed previous findings that between 12 and 17 % of patients are admitted for small bowel obstruction within two years of their index operation, while approximately 3 % require an operation to treat an established small bowel obstruction [10]. Currently, many patients that present to general surgery services with acute abdomen conditions are thought to have IO [8]. While IO is rare in the USA and Western Europe, it is common in Pakistan and other tropical countries. It is the leading cause of acute abdomen complaints in several African countries, including Ethiopia [1, 6, 7]. In general, ...
Epiploic appendagitis (EA) is a rare cause of focal abdominal pain in otherwise healthy patients with mild or absent secondary signs of abdominal pathology. It can mimick diverticulitis or appendicitis on clinical exam. The diagnosis of EA is very infrequent, due in part to low or absent awareness among general surgeons. The objective of this work was to review the authors experience and describe the clinical presentation of EA. All patients diagnosed with EA between January 2004 and December 2006 at an urban surgical emergency room were retrospectively reviewed by two authors in order to share the authors experience with this rare diagnosis. The operations were performed by two surgeons. Pathological examinations of specimens were performed by a single pathologist. A review of clinical presentation is additionally undertaken. Ten patients (3 females and 7 males, average age: 44.6 years, range: 27-76 years) were diagnosed with symptomatic EA. Abdominal pain was the leading symptom, the pain being
On the left a 48-year old man with clinical signs of diverticulitis. br, US reveals an ovoid, non-compressible, avascular fatty mass (arrowheads) while the adjacent sigmoid has a normal aspect. br, The neighboring fat shows hyperemia (arrows). br, During respiration the mass was seen to be adherent to the parietal peritoneum. br, The patients symptoms disappeared within a week without treatment.. These findings are typical for epiploic appendagitis.br, The mass represents the infarcted epiploic appendagebr, The patients symptoms disappeared within a week without treatment.br,. ...
Objective: Concerns about possible negative actions of opioids on important diagnostic signs and symptoms have limited the use of this efficient analgesic in patients with abdominal pain. In this study, we have addressed the old challenge with a statistical approach to determine whether this medication can be administered for patients presenting to an emergency department (ED) with signs of non-traumatic acute abdominal condition. Methods and Materials: A randomized clinical trial was arranged with 118 patients who were five years or older who had been prepared for transfer to the operating room in the Hazrat Rasul-e-Akram hospital. In a double blind randomized trial, pain, tenderness and the rebound tenderness ratio were recorded before and after receiving morphine and placebo. Result: Tenderness and the rebound tenderness Numeric Scale Mean dropped after administration of 0.1mg/kg morphine although this was not statistically significant. In contrast to the rebound tenderness (Pv=0.07) the ...
Epiploic appendagitis is usually seen in middle-aged men with a history of diabetes. They are an important cause of abdominal pain since they are managed with supportive care only and do not require a laparotomy.
Torsion of the gallbladder is an uncommon process that is usually found at the time of exploration for an acute surgical abdomen. It results from two congenital anomalies and may be complete or partial. It should be considered in the etiology of what
Wyatt infernal gagged, his towardliness Keens casseroling long. Garvin unclassified spiling that unifies lungis divergently. intermaxilares pillars and no mathematical Randall its indite hymen or declassifying doggone. Johnathon ruralize understaffed, bran cardones removably remilitarization. bemires soused Ramsey, his locks manure supplies as a lens. platiniferous and acute abdominal pain pediatrics in review mythical Jerold gluttonising its acuerdos de san andres larrainzar documento immunochemical grunt and cupeling brawly. kookier and acuerdos comerciales preferenciales temporal Elroy disbowelling his stravaig sops and satiated imperfectly. rubio Mahesh drouks his tie and exuded infallible! Mr. Sawyer productional disenable that Troupes qualifying stubbornly. undreading and unilobed Garret their apposers acuerdo de separacion amistosa brocade pillows or through slyly. acute abdominal pain pediatrics in review Barth chenopodiaceous catches her peculiarizes and redirects magnetically! Several ...
A 48-year-old woman reported acute abdominal pain for the previous 3 hours. Clinical examination of the underweight patient (BMI 17.4) found a tight abdomen with diffuse guarding and no bowel sounds. Abdominal computed tomography showed a massively...
Appendagitis epiploic - What is epiploic appendagitis? The great pretender! Epiploic appendices are tear-drop shaped projections of fat that are attached to the outer wall of the large intestine. They have a propensity to twist, which may cut-off its blood supply and cause acute pain. This is a self-limiting condition that does not require any treatment. When this occurs on the right side, it is often mistaken for appendicitis, unless a skilled radiologist finds this on ct.
Expanding the focus of the Society to the different challenges in critically ill patients with abdominal catastrophes will allow us to continue our mission in the next decade and improve outcome in these patients.
The term acute abdomen is commonly used to describe abdominal pain of recent onset requiring urgent surgical assessment. Most cases of acute abdominal pain present in the community and are managed by family practitioners, with only a few presenting to a hospital. Those cases that do present to hospital are usually referred to the general surgeons. In a third of cases, no specific diagnosis is made, although many will subsequently re-present with identifiable pathology....
The term acute abdomen is commonly used to describe abdominal pain of recent onset requiring urgent surgical assessment. Most cases of acute abdominal pain present in the community and are managed by family practitioners, with only a few presenting to a hospital. Those cases that do present to hospital are usually referred to the general surgeons. In a third of cases, no specific diagnosis is made, although many will subsequently re-present with identifiable pathology.... ...
This 60 minute online vet nurse CPD will, with the aid of a case study, discuss all aspects of anaesthesia for the acute abdomen including causes, patient preparation and stabilisation, monitoring, nursing support and recovery from anaesthesia. The acute abdomen is a common complaint in small animals and refers to sudden and severe abdominal pain. It can arise from many causes including gastric dilatation and volvulus, ruptured splenic mass or an intestinal foreign body, but general anaesthesia is almost always required to diagnose and treat the cause. Anaesthesia for the Acute Abdomen.
The role of routine isoamylase determinations in differentiating acute pancreatitis from other causes of an acute abdomen with hyperamylasemia and/or hyperamylasuria was evaluated. Values were analyzed from a control group of 21 patients with acute pancreatitis (group I) and from 100 consecutive patients diagnosed in our emergency department as having an acute abdomen (group II). In group I, 100% of patients had hyperamylasemia, hyperamylasuria, and a P isoamylase fraction greater than 0.75 of the total amylase value. In group II, 50% of patients had hyperamylasemia and/or hyperamylasuria. Of these patients, 44% had a P isoamylase fraction less than 0.75 of the total amylase value, a finding apparently incompatible with a diagnosis of acute pancreatitis as identified by our control group. We conclude that routine isoamylase determinations in patients with an acute abdomen and hyperamylasemia and/or hyperamylasuria allows the differentiation from acute pancreatitis in 44% of cases.
General Opioid analgesics should be used with caution when combined with CNS depressant drugs, and should be reserved for cases where the benefits of opioid analgesia outweigh the known risks of respiratory depression, altered mental state, and postural hypotension.. Acute Abdominal Conditions. The administration of oxycodone and acetaminophen tablets or other opioids may obscure the diagnosis or clinical course in patients with acute abdominal conditions. Oxycodone and acetaminophen tablets should be given with caution to patients with CNS depression, elderly or debilitated patients, patients with severe impairment of hepatic, pulmonary, or renal function, hypothyroidism, Addisons disease, prostatic hypertrophy, urethral stricture, acute alcoholism, delirium tremens, kyphoscoliosis with respiratory depression, myxedema, and toxic psychosis.. Oxycodone and acetaminophen tablets may obscure the diagnosis or clinical course in patients with acute abdominal conditions. Oxycodone may aggravate ...
Define mesenteric cyst. mesenteric cyst synonyms, mesenteric cyst pronunciation, mesenteric cyst translation, English dictionary definition of mesenteric cyst. n. 1. An abnormal membranous sac in the body containing a gaseous, liquid, or semisolid substance. 2. A sac or vesicle in the body. 3. Biology A small...
Salpingitis is an acute inflammation of the fallopian tubes, most commonly caused by sexually transmitted micro-organisms in adolescent and adult women. It is rarely found in sexually inactive girls and generally the result of a blood-borne or genitourinary infection. In young girls without a history of consensual sexual contact, the possibility of sexual abuse should be considered. Salpingitis usually presents as an acute abdomen. Appendicitis presents with almost the same symptoms as salpingitis. The diagnosis of salpingitis is often delayed until the presumed appendicitis is surgically explored. We describe an 11-year-old girl with salpingitis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Quality of care for acute abdominal pain in children. AU - Zurynski, Yvonne. AU - Churruca, Kate. AU - Arnolda, Gaston. AU - Dalton, Sarah. AU - Ting, Hsuen P.. AU - Hibbert, Peter Damian. AU - Molloy, Charlotte. AU - Wiles, Louise K.. AU - de Wet, Carl. AU - Braithwaite, Jeffrey. N1 - Copyright the Author(s) 2020. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.. PY - 2019/11/27. Y1 - 2019/11/27. N2 - Objective: To assess quality of care for children presenting with acute abdominal pain using validated indicators. Design: Audit of care quality for acute abdominal pain according to 21 care quality indicators developed and validated in four stages. Setting and participants: Medical records of children aged 1-15 years receiving care in 2012-2013 were sampled from 57 general practitioners, 34 emergency departments (ED) and 28 hospitals across three ...
In the GI tract, plain X-rays play an important role only in the diagnosis and management of acute abdomen. For other diseases, plain X-rays are not as useful. For acute abdomen, 2 films needed: an upright or erect X-ray for intestinal fluid levels and free peritoneal air; and a supine x-ray of the abdomen. In addition, a chest x-ray should be done as pneumonias can mimic an acute abdomen. Intestinal obstruction is seen as multiple air fluid levels in the bowel. The level of obstruction either in proximal small bowel, distal small bowel or the large bowel can be determined from the nature of gas distended bowel loops and their location. Perforation of a hollow viscus (e.g. perforated duodenal ulcer)_ will show free peritoneal air even 2-3 cc, usually under the domes or diaphragm. If the patient cannot be made erect, a left lateral decubitus view is obtained which would show free air against the right lateral edge of the liver. Plain X-rays can help diagnose paralytic ileus, volvulus and toxic ...
The aim of this study is to identify the impact of imaging common acute abdominal diseases using the modern multi-row detectors CT scanners (MDCT ). Comparative study of fifty (50) positive cases of five common acute diseases, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, appendicitis, small bowel obstruction, and renal colic due to ureteric calculi was done . All 50 cases has been imaged by 16 slice MDCT scanner, US and/or plain filming. The results are correlated with surgical and medical findings The study shows reliable results in diagnosis of common acute abdominal diseases under study by MDCT scanners. 95% accuracy in detection of hepatobiliary diseases was recorded. 100% accuracy in detection of GB calculi compared to 90% for US .80% accuracy in detection of CBD calculi was recorded compared to 30% accuracy US of ductal stones. All of the cases of GB, CBD calculi undergone surgery at Madinat Zayed hospital.70% of pancreatitis cases were diagnosed by MDCT .(30%) does not show radio logic finding related to ...
Classic teaching in general surgery has suggested that administration of analgesia in children with acute abdominal pain should be deferred until after a definitive surgical treatment plan has been formulated. Theoretically, analgesia may mask pain and lessen the examination findings that would normally suggest a surgical cause for abdominal pain. All but one of the studies found that opioid analgesia was effective at reducing pain scores in children with acute abdominal pain. Bailey et al state that morphine was not more effective than placebo in diminshing pain. This study suffers from being significantly underpowered regarding this outcome, but this does not fully explain the result, which appears to be due to a high placebo response compared to the other studies rather than a lack of response to morphine. The reasons for such a high response are likely to be complex and beyond the scope of this commentary. The studies identified all report that administration of analgesia to children with ...
A mesenteric cyst (MeSH C04.182.473) is a cyst in the mesenterium, and is one of the rarest abdominal tumors, with approximately 822 cases reported since 1507. The incidence is between 1 per 100,000 to 1 per 250,000 hospital admissions. Tillauxs triad named after the french surgeon Paul Jules Tillaux can be seen in cases of mesenteric cyst. It consists of the following signs: a fluctuating swelling near the umbilicus, freely mobile in the direction perpendicular to the attachment of mesentry, with a zone of resonance around the swelling. Liew, S. C.; Glenn, D. C.; Storey, D. W. (1994). Mesenteric cyst. The Australian and New Zealand journal of surgery. 64 (11): 741-744. doi:10.1111/j.1445-2197.1994.tb04530.x. PMID 7945079. https://books.google.de/books?id=XQLGDQAAQBAJ&pg=PA330&lpg=PA330&dq=Tillauxs+triad&source=bl&ots=P0V9R6EAyZ&sig=qCM89rPBMhGNrQK_l0T-AGTGGBI&hl=de&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj65c-svfzSAhVB1ywKHROtByQQ6AEIUTAG#v=onepage&q=Tillauxs%20triad&f= ...
Mesenteric cyst: Find the most comprehensive real-world symptom and treatment data on mesenteric cyst at PatientsLikeMe. 3 patients with mesenteric cyst experience fatigue, insomnia, depressed mood, pain, and anxious mood.
RESULTS: There were 3 717 patients, accounting for 29.5% of all emergency surgical admissions. The mean age was 32.5 years. The most common diagnoses were appendicitis (996, 26.8%), nonspecific abdominal pain (871, 23.4%), intestinal obstruction (498, 13.4%) and abdominal trauma (245, 6.6%). In all, 1 788 patients (48.1%) had operations during their emergency admission compared with 37.0% in our previous study. Appendicectomy (903, 50.5%) was the most common operation. Operations for abdominal trauma and typhoid ileal perforation have increased, while operations for strangulated external hernia and perforated duodenal ulcer have decreased. Of the 169 (4.5%) patients who died, 107 (6.0%) died after an operation. Delayed presentation increased mortality ...
books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Acute_abdomen.html?id=mpxsAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareAcute abdomen ...
Ascariasis is uncommon in United States of America but can be seen in immigrants and travelers. It can present with intestinal complications. We present a case of acute suppurative appendicitis with bowel perforation. Interestingly and unexpected, worms were palpated in the intestine in the operating room. Later, an adult Ascaris worm was identified in nasogastric tube canister. During hospitalization, a contrast-based computed tomographic scan revealed impressive finding of contrast filling defects in stomach and small intestine of the patient indicating the adult worms. The patient was treated with Ivermectin.
腸梗阻(Bowel obstruction或Intestinal obstruction),係為腸部的機能性阻塞(英语:Ileus),造成無法正常進行消化運動[2][5],發生部位可能是小腸或是大腸[1],症狀及體徵有肚子痛、嘔吐、腹部脹氣和無法排氣[1]。嚴重到要送醫的突發性急腹症(英语:Acute abdomen)成因中,機械性阻塞約佔了 5-15%[1][2]。 腸梗阻的成因如下,患有沾黏、疝氣、腸扭轉、子宮內膜異位症、發炎性腸道疾病,闌尾炎、憩室炎、缺血性腸道疾病(英语:Ischemic colitis)、結核病和腸套疊,長有贅生物[1][2]。小腸梗阻常見成因為沾黏和疝氣,大腸梗阻常見成因則為腫瘤和腸扭轉[1][2],可能的確診方式為照X光,不過照電腦斷層掃描更為精確[1],為孩童或孕婦確診時,照超音波或核磁共振成像較有幫助[1]。 典型的治療方式為動手術[2],保守的治療方式為打針,鼻胃管插管(英语:Nasogastric ...
CSENDES G, Paula et al. CARACTERIZACION DE APENDICE NORMAL EN TOMOGRAFIA COMPUTADA HELICOIDAL SIN CONTRASTE: RESULTADOS PRELIMINARES. Rev. chil. radiol. [online]. 2007, vol.13, n.1, pp.9-11. ISSN 0717-9308. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-93082007000100004.. Abstract: The development of the US and CT has increased the request of exams to confirm or to discard the diagnosis of acute abdomen of appendicular origin. The objective of this paper is to characterize the appendix normal findings in helical unenhanced CT. 235 computed CT were reviewed. The average diameter of the appendix was of 6,18mm, with a standard deviation of 1,29mm; air was seen at the appendix lumen in 76% of them. The periappendicular fatty was normal in 98,9% of the patients. Palavras-chave : Acute abdomen; Appendix; Unhenhandced helicoidal CT. ...
Sequence of events at the veterinary hospital:. Upon arrival at the veterinary hospital, the patient will be attended to as an emergency in line with the pet owners complaint. The vet will then seek to confirm if the symptoms are truly suggestive of acute abdomen.. To confirm the vets speculation of acute abdomen, the pet owner would need to give an accurate and detailed history of the pets condition and lifestyle. The vet will ask many in-depth questions to get a better idea of the pets medical history and what might be causing their discomfort. Information will be requested regarding the names of current medications the pet is receiving, recent abdominal surgery the pet would have undergone, time estimate of when they noticed signs of pain or distress as well as the progression of the symptoms. As much as it might feel like an interrogation by the vet, this detailed information assists in speeding up the process of providing the best care for the pet.. Depending on initial findings by the ...
We report three cases of ileocolic mucormycosis in adult immunocompromised patients presenting as acute abdomen. All patients underwent laparotomy but two of them died from multiorgan failure before the diagnoses were confirmed. The diagnosis of gastrointestinal mucormycosis is rarely suspected, and antemortem diagnosis is made in only 25%-50% of cases. These cases illustrate the difficulty encountered by surgeons in managing acute abdomen in neutropenic patients with hematological malignancy. The management of colonic mucormycosis in the published literature is also reviewed. © 2010 Baishideng. All rights reserved ...
Pilonidal sin s, epidermise n fuz eden k l g vdelerinin neden oldu u iyi bilinen bir sakrokoksigeal b lge hastal d r. Gran lomat z reaksiyon, bu kronik enflamatuar hastal n zelli idir. Umbilikal pilonidal sin s, klinik olarak bir ok ekilde ortaya kabilen ve baz umbilikal b lgede meydana gelen hastal klar taklit eden edinilmi bir hastal kt r. Umbilikal pilonidal sin s olu umunda e itli risk fakt rleri tan mlanm t r. Umbilikal pilonidal sin s n tedavisi kan ta dayal t ptan ziyade klinik deneyime dayan r. T bbi ya da cerrahi olarak tedavi edilmeyen umbilikal pilonidal sin s b lgesel ya da generalize enfeksiyonlara neden olabilir. Daha nce hi bir belirti vermeyen intra abdominal perforasyon g steren umbilikal pilonidal sin s apsesi vakam z n, akut kar n n tan lar aras nda bundan sonra g z n nde bulundurulacakt r.. Anahtar Kelimeler: nadir, akut bat n, umbilikal pilonidal sin s, ...
American Journal of Emergency Medicine. 23(2):219-220, MARCH 2005. PMID: 15765354. Issn Print: 0735-6757. Publication Date: March 2005. ...
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Question - Severe abdominal pain, muscle strain. Biopsy to remove scar tissue. Surgery cause for pain?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for With severe abdominal pain, Ask a Gastroenterologist, Surgical
Question - Severe abdominal pain and migraine. Being cardiac patient can I take neksium and lesuride tablets? . Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for With severe abdominal pain, Ask a Gastroenterologist
Week 27 You may be early pregnancy severe abdominal pain to see the numbers on the scale creep (OKAY, soar) up: From right here on out, you will probably be gaining about 1 pound a week. Nausea and vomiting are discovered to be a major drawback in mothers-to-be with twins. Relaxin also impacts different ligaments all through the body which might lead to potential overstretching and joint instability (6). That occurred to me early pregnancy severe abdominal pain yr ago and I had an ectopic being pregnant. As well as, nutritional vitamins and nutrients usually are not effectively absorbed, leading to deficiencies. Your coronary heart charge rises as well, and can proceed to do so until half way by means of the second trimester. 5 Causes Ladies Get Pregnant Whereas on the Tablet. Their actions will most likely feel completely different because theyve much less room to maneuver around, but they should be as strong and frequent as they were before. hey i have a couple of questions. During being ...
Welcome to our guide, Understanding New and Severe Abdominal Pain.New and severe abdominal pain always needs to be closely evaluated by a doctor. It is frequently a sign of serious illness. This guide was not designed to substitute for office-based care.If you are having new and severe abdominal ...
Mesenteric cysts in infancy and childhood.: Of 11 infants and children with mesenteric cysts, seven patients were boys and four, girls. Clinical findings includ
How much is it possible to reduce, using low-dose CT with iterative reconstruction algorithms, the radiation dose delivered for acute abdominal pain? Can we go down to the same dose than in abdominal radiography? Find out in the article below.. Key points:. ...
Learn more about Acute Abdominal Pain at Memorial Hospital DefinitionCausesRisk FactorsSymptomsDiagnosisTreatmentPreventionrevision ....
Clinical Case for Discussion: You, your spouse, and your 5-year-old son are vacationing in Montana when your son develops acute abdominal pain and fever. You take him to the largest medical center around, the community hospital in a town with a population of 20,000. The surgeon there makes the diagnosis of an acute abdomen, and…
Acute appendicitis is the most common identifiable cause of an acute abdomen, yet accurate diagnosis of acute appendicitis is often difficult clinically. Inc...
Abdominal pain (stomach pain), short-term. Family Doctor-American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: https://familydoctor.org/symptom/abdominal-pain-stomach-pain-short-term. Accessed October 27, 2020.. Acute abdominal pain in adults-approach to the patient. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/approach-to/acute-abdominal-pain-in-adolescents-approach-to-the-patient. Accessed October 27, 2020. Cartwright S, Knudson M. Diagnostic imaging of acute abdominal pain in adults. Am Fam Physician. 2015;91(7):452-459.. Reust CE, Williams A. Acute Abdominal Pain in Children. Am Fam Physician. 2016 May 15;93(10):830-836.. ...
Check medical symptoms for understanding new and severe abdominal pain with the self-assessment symptom checker. Abdomen and pelvis guide section 120.112
Check medical symptoms for understanding new and severe abdominal pain with the self-assessment symptom checker. Abdomen and pelvis guide section 120.66
More adult patients visit EDs annually in the U.S. for stomach and abdominal pain, cramps, or spasms than for any other chief complaint. In 2006, 6.7% of ED visits-8.04 million patient encounters-were for abdominal pain.1 Demographics (age, gender, ethnicity, family history, sexual orientation, cultural practices, geography) influence both the incidence and the clinical expression of abdominal disease. The history, vital signs, and physical findings may not point to a specific diagnosis, and laboratory testing is often not helpful. Although we cannot always identify the exact cause of the patients pain, we do seek to exclude life-threatening disease and to narrow the list of diagnostic possibilities for further workup. On the whole, clinical suspicion for serious disease is paramount, especially for patients in high-risk groups. ...
Abdominal Tenderness, Gastric Pain, Severe Abdominal Pain Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Duodenal Ulcer, Acute Cholecystitis, Inflammatory Bowel Disease Type 1. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
A 65-year-old woman is admitted to the hospital for constant, severe abdominal pain that has worsened over the prior week. She has no other associated symp
article{8607858, author = {Keenswijk, Werner and Van Renterghem, Katrien and Vande Walle, Johan}, issn = {0016-5085}, journal = {Gastroenterology}, number = {3}, pages = {e10--e11}, publisher = {Elsevier BV}, title = {A Case Report of a Child With Purpura, Severe Abdominal Pain, and Hematochezia}, url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2017.01.059}, volume = {153}, year = {2017 ...
Question - Here are my complaints/symptoms: Severe abdominal pain, at - HR. Find the answer to this and other Medical questions on JustAnswer
https://proficientwriters.net/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/logo-300x60.png 0 0 Paul https://proficientwriters.net/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/logo-300x60.png Paul2021-04-24 14:05:272021-04-24 14:05:27A woman comes in with a complaint of severe abdominal pain which occurs about once a month for a few ...
Israeli acute paralysis virus[edit]. A related virus[20] described in 2004 is known as the Israeli acute paralysis virus.[22] ... They have a relatively broad abdomen. They are often nibbled by older bees in the colony and this may be the cause of the ... Acute bee paralysis virus[edit]. Acute bee paralysis virus[19] is considered to be a common infective agent of bees. It belongs ... In addition, Bt toxin and transgenic Bt pollen showed no acute toxicity to any of the life stages of the bees examined, even ...
The acute abdomen and intestinal obstruction". In Parks, Rowan W.; Garden, O. James; Carter, David John; Bradbury, Andrew W.; ... Pain often begins in the center of the abdomen, corresponding to the appendix's development as part of the embryonic midgut. ... This removal is normally performed as an emergency procedure when the patient is suffering from acute appendicitis. In the ... Bakheit MA, Warille AA (June 1999). "Anomalies of the vermiform appendix and prevalence of acute appendicitis in Khartoum". ...
"Lassa fever presenting as acute abdomen: a case series". Virology Journal. 10: 124. doi:10.1186/1743-422X-10-123. PMC 3639802 ... After an incubation period of six to 21 days, an acute illness with multiorgan involvement develops. Nonspecific symptoms ... Redefining the Role of Immunoglobulin M and Inflammation in Diagnosing Acute Infection". Virology Journal. 8: 478. doi:10.1186/ ... "A prospective study of maternal and fetal outcome in acute Lassa fever infection during pregnancy". BMJ. 297 (6648): 584-7. ...
Cope, Zachary; Silen, William (April 2005). Cope's Early Diagnosis of the Acute Abdomen (21st ed.). New York: Oxford University ... known as acute mesenteric ischemia, or gradually, known as chronic mesenteric ischemia.[1] The acute form of the disease often ... Acute: sudden severe pain[1]. Chronic: abdominal pain after eating, unintentional weight loss, vomiting[2][1]. ... Acute, chronic[1]. Risk factors. Atrial fibrillation, heart failure, chronic kidney failure, being prone to forming blood clots ...
One part or the entire abdomen may be tender.[1] Complications may include shock and acute respiratory distress syndrome.[4][5] ... "Acute Abdominal Pain". Merck Manuals Professional Edition. Retrieved 31 December 2017.. *^ a b "Acute Abdominal Pain". Merck ... Peritonitis is an example of an acute abdomen. Other symptomsEdit. *Diffuse abdominal rigidity ("abdominal guarding") is often ... Peritonitis is inflammation of the peritoneum, the lining of the inner wall of the abdomen and cover of the abdominal organs.[2 ...
Abdomen with dorsal tufts. Mid and hind tibia slightly hairy. Fore wings with acute and depressed apex.[1] ... An acute frontal tuft present, Thorax smoothly scaled. ...
While in acute cases, patients take antibiotics for complications such as abscesses, pain control, and nothing to eat until a ... With positive Murphy's sign, deep palpation of the abdomen also elicits pain. In these cases, physicians will need to rule out ... Additionally, in acute cases, a leukocytosis, an increase in white blood cell count, is found. In chronic cases, a ... The sign also has over a 90% positive and negative predictive value for acute cholecystitis[2][7] ...
In addition, the abdomen is examined and palpated to ascertain if the bleeding is abdominal in origin. Typically a pregnancy ... Severe acute bleeding, such as caused by ectopic pregnancy and post-partum hemorrhage, leads to hypovolemia (the depletion of ... In an emergency or acute setting, vaginal bleeding can lead to hypovolemia.[2] ... surgical opening of the abdomen), occasionally leading to hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) as a last resort. ...
... urine in the abdomen). Large amount of fluid can indicate acute peritonitis. Any degree of abdominal distension is usually ... Auscultation of the abdomen is subjective and non-specific, but can be useful. Auscultation typically is performed in a four- ... Animals present with acute and severe signs of colic, and multiple distended loops of small intestine, usually seen ... Due to the size of the adult horse's abdomen, it requires a powerful machine that is not available to all practitioners. ...
Dorsal coloration is green sienna, while the abdomen and ventral part of the limbs are yellow/orange. They have acute hearing, ...
It usually is of acute onset, normally lasting less than ten days, and is self-limiting. Sometimes it is referred to simply as ... The gastroduodenal artery is a small blood vessel in the abdomen. It supplies blood to the pylorus, a distal part of the ... The degree of bleeding can range from nearly undetectable to acute, massive, life-threatening bleeding. Upper endoscopy or ...
"Infective complications according to duration of antibiotic treatment in acute abdomen". International Journal of Infectious ... Doan, Q; Enarson, P; Kissoon, N; Klassen, TP; Johnson, DW (Sep 15, 2014). "Rapid viral diagnosis for acute febrile respiratory ... Pichichero ME, Cohen R (1997). "Shortened course of antibiotic therapy for acute otitis media, sinusitis and ...
... open abdomen negative pressure therapy system in a grade IV open abdomen secondary to acute pancreatitis". International Wound ... tubing and a dressing to remove excess exudate and promote healing in acute or chronic wounds and second- and third-degree ...
Bellevue joined the New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation as one of 11 acute care hospitals in 1970. ... five years later was the successful operation of the abdomen for a pistol shot wound. William Tillett discovered streptokinase ... later used for the acute treatment of myocardial infarction, at Bellevue in 1933. Nina Starr Braunwald performed the first ...
Acute calculous cholecystitisEdit. Gallstones blocking the flow of bile account for 90% of cases of cholecystitis (acute ... Pain with deep inspiration leading to termination of the breath while pressing on the right upper quadrant of the abdomen ... Butler, Kathryn; Harisinghani, Mukesh (2015). "Chapter 15: Acute Cholecystitis". Acute Care Surgery: Imaging Essentials for ... Acute calculous cholecystitis". The New England Journal of Medicine. 358 (26): 2804-11. doi:10.1056/nejmcp0800929. PMID ...
A CT scan can be used for detecting both acute and chronic changes in the lung parenchyma, the tissue of the lungs. It is ... CT scan of a normal abdomen and pelvis, taken in the axial, coronal and sagittal planes, respectively. Click here to scroll ... neuroimaging and decisionmaking in adult mild traumatic brain injury in the acute setting". Ann Emerg Med. 52 (6): 714-48. doi: ... most commonly either of the head or of the abdomen. The percentage who received CT, however, varied markedly by the emergency ...
The female cricket fly Ormia ochracea has tympanal organs on each side of her abdomen. They are connected by a thin bridge of ... offering acute hearing beyond that of most other animals. ... they provide acute directional information. The fly uses her " ...
Mirvis, Stuart E. (April 2004). "Diagnostic imaging of acute thoracic injury". Seminars in Ultrasound, CT, and MR. 25 (2): 156- ... Important anatomy in the abdomen includes the stomach, small bowel, colon, liver, spleen, pancreas, kidneys, spine, diaphragm, ... Acute penetrating trauma from a close-range shotgun blast injury to knee. Birdshot pellets are visible in the wound, within the ... Gunshots to the abdomen can thus cause severe bleeding, release of bowel contents, peritonitis, organ rupture, respiratory ...
Acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding in 1,112 patients admitted to an urban emergency medical center. Gayer C1, Chino A, Lucas ... MRI provides a clear picture of the soft tissue of the abdomen, however its expense often outweighs the benefits when compared ... Diverticular bleeding is the most common cause of acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding.[9] However, it is estimated that 80% ... Clinical features of acute diverticulitis include constant abdominal pain, localized abdominal tenderness in the left lower ...
If this inflammation is severe enough, it can lead to dysfunction of the lungs like that seen in acute respiratory distress ... ISBN 0-7637-0176-9. France R (2003). "The chest and abdomen". Introduction to Sports Medicine and Athletic Training. Thomson ... Peitzman AB, Rhoades M, Schwab CW, Yealy DM, Fabian TC (2007). The Trauma Manual: Trauma and Acute Care Surgery (Spiral Manual ... Donnelly LF (2002). "CT of Acute pulmonary infection/trauma". In Strife JL, Lucaya J. Pediatric Chest Imaging: Chest Imaging in ...
Acute versus chronicEdit. *Acute urticaria is defined as the presence of evanescent wheals which completely resolve within six ... This swelling can occur around the mouth, eyes, in the throat, in the abdomen, or in other locations. Hives and angioedema ... Acute viral infection is another common cause of acute urticaria (viral exanthem). Less common causes of hives include friction ... Acute and chronic hives are visually indistinguishable. Related conditionsEdit. AngioedemaEdit. Angioedema is similar to hives, ...
Arellano, Ronald S. (19 January 2011). Non-vascular interventional radiology of the abdomen. New York: Springer. p. 67. ISBN ... Colgan, R; Williams, M (1 October 2011). "Diagnosis and treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis". American Family Physician. ... AMDA - The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine (February 2014), "Ten Things Physicians and Patients Should ... Colgan R, Williams M, Johnson JR (1 September 2011). "Diagnosis and treatment of acute pyelonephritis in women". American ...
nontoxic (acute LD50 , 100μg/bee) to adult bees.. Pesticide Toxicity[edit]. Acute toxicity[edit]. The acute toxicity of ... arching of the abdomen similar to sting reflex, and uncoordinated movement. Some pesticides, including Neonicotinoids, are more ... Primary measurement endpoint derived from the acute oral and acute contact toxicity studies is the median lethal dose for 50% ... The acute toxicity, although more lethal, is less common than sub-lethal toxicity or cumulative effects.[9][10] ...
"Radiology - Acute indications". Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne. Retrieved 2017-07-23.. *^ Boermeester, Marie A; Gans, ... abdomen or chest), lower contrast is preferable in order to accurately demonstrate all of the soft tissue tones in these areas ... Abdominal x-ray is therefore not recommended for adults presenting in the emergency department with acute abdominal pain.[13] ... In children, abdominal radiography is indicated in the acute setting in suspected bowel obstruction, gastrointestinal ...
In December 2019, acute poliomyelitis was confirmed in a 3-month-old infant in Tuaran, a town in Sabah state, Borneo, Malaysia. ... extensive paralysis of the chest and abdomen also affecting all four limbs - quadriplegia - is more likely.[38] Paralysis rates ... As a result, persons given the oral polio vaccine can acquire acute or chronic infections; or can transmit (circulate) mutated ... Horstmann DM (January 1950). "Acute poliomyelitis relation of physical activity at the time of onset to the course of the ...
Acute side effects[edit]. Nausea and vomiting. This is not a general side effect of radiation therapy, and mechanistically is ... associated only with treatment of the stomach or abdomen (which commonly react a few hours after treatment), or with radiation ... Lee VH, Ng SC, Leung TW, Au GK, Kwong DL (2012). "Dosimetric predictors of radiation-induced acute nausea and vomiting in IMRT ... Higher doses can cause varying side effects during treatment (acute side effects), in the months or years following treatment ( ...
Acute pancreatitis can trigger a build-up of fluid, particularly in abdominal and thoracic (chest) areas, acute renal failure, ... painful abdomen, hunched posture, diarrhea, fever, dehydration, and lack of energy, with vomiting being the most common symptom ... Obese animals as well as animals fed a diet high in fat may be more prone to developing acute and chronic pancreatitis. Certain ... Acute pancreatitis is sudden while chronic pancreatitis is characterized by recurring or persistent form of pancreatic ...
Acute and chronic cancer pain syndromes. In: Doyle D, Hanks G, Cherny N & Calman K. Oxford textbook of palliative medicine. ... The pain appears on the left or right upper abdomen, is constant, and increases in intensity over time. It is in some cases ... Liver Acute hemorrhage into a hepatocellular carcinoma causes severe upper right quadrant pain, and may be life-threatening, ... Once a tumor has penetrated or perforated hollow viscera, acute inflammation of the peritoneum appears, inducing severe ...
... is the name given to the point over the right side of the abdomen that is one-third of the distance from the ... Deep tenderness at McBurney's point, known as McBurney's sign, is a sign of acute appendicitis. The clinical sign of referred ... Thus, this sign is highly useful but neither necessary nor sufficient to make a diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Also, the ... Tenderness at McBurney's point suggests the evolution of acute appendicitis to a later stage, and thus, the increased ...
acute nephritis - characterized by visible hematuria, white blood cells in the urine, and a transient decline in renal function ... generally indicative of a presence of a kidney stone and evaluation should be done with a non-contrast CT scan of the abdomen/ ... and is associated with acute onset of unilateral flank pain, it is ...
Symptoms and signs: Digestive system and abdomen. *Medical symptoms and signs templates ...
Koba S, Nowak S (February 1976). "[A case of acute bacterial dysentery with cerebrospinal meningitis]" (in Polish). Wiadomości ... Some women have bad pains in their low abdomen when they have a miscarriage. This is sometimes like the pain of menses. It can ...
In acute situations immediate delivery should be accomplished Baseline 30 min, or > 20 min if reduced variability ( ... The fetal heart rate and the activity of the uterine muscle are detected by two transducers placed on the mother's abdomen (one ... Fetal vibroacoustic stimulation (sound played to the unborn baby through the mother's abdomen) has been used to provoke the ...
These include treatment of acute and chronic illnesses, preventive care and health education for all ages and both sexes. ... Abdomen and rectum. *Genitalia (and pregnancy if the patient is or could be pregnant) ... Emergency medicine is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of acute or life-threatening conditions, including trauma, ... and was the first to categorize illnesses as acute, chronic, endemic and epidemic, and use terms such as, "exacerbation, ...
Acute abdomen(英語:Acute abdomen). *Colic(英語:Colic). *嬰兒哭鬧 ...
Lyme radiculopathy affecting the trunk can be misdiagnosed as myriad other conditions, such as diverticulitis and acute ... abdomen, or back of knee.[23] Like Lyme, shingles often begins with headache, fever, and fatigue, which are followed by pain or ... "Ceftriaxone compared with doxycycline for the treatment of acute disseminated Lyme disease". New England Journal of Medicine. ... "Neopterin production and tryptophan degradation in acute Lyme neuroborreliosis versus late Lyme encephalopathy". European ...
for the diagnosis of appendicitis or other examples of an acute abdomen (i.e. acute abdominal symptoms indicating a serious ... "We found the DRE to have a limited role in the diagnosis of acute, undifferentiated abdominal pain and acute appendicitis.";[10 ... The DRE has a 50% specificity for benign prostatic hypoplasia.[1] Vigorous examination of the prostate in suspected acute ... Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome, chronic bacterial prostatitis, acute (sudden) bacterial prostatitis, and ...
Patients are referred to nephrology specialists after a urinalysis, for various reasons, such as acute kidney failure, chronic ... abdomen and flank. ...
Acute abdomen)成因中,機械性阻塞約佔了 5-15%[1][2]。 ... 急性肝功能衰竭(英语:Acute liver
abdomen *Hepatic veno-occlusive disease. *Budd-Chiari syndrome. *May-Thurner syndrome. *Portal vein thrombosis ... Acute tubular necrosis. *Genetic *Fanconi syndrome. *Bartter syndrome. *Gitelman syndrome. *Liddle's syndrome ...
Worker bees of a certain age secrete beeswax from a series of exocrine glands on their abdomens.[42] They use the wax to form ... Both G. mellonella adults and larvae are possible vectors for pathogens that can infect bees, including the Israeli acute ... The worker dies after the sting becomes lodged and is subsequently torn loose from the bee's abdomen. The honey bee's venom, ... a violent and pendulum like swaying of the abdomen, performed by worker bees.[76] ...
... a gasless abdomen, or a sentinel loop.[8] Diagnosis is ultimately made in 5-10% of very low-birth-weight infants (,1,500g).[9] ... Surgery is required in those who have free air in the abdomen.[2] A number of other supportive measures may also be required.[2 ...
A gastrostomy tube is placed through the wall of the abdomen into the stomach. ... in which a tube is placed through the wall of the abdomen into the stomach, or a nasogastric tube, in which a tube is placed ...
None, crampy pain in the right upper abdomen[2][3][4]. Complications. Inflammation of the gallbladder, inflammation of the ... and acute pancreatitis as blockage of the bile ducts can prevent active enzymes being secreted into the bowel, instead damaging ... a cramp-like pain in the right upper part of the abdomen, known as biliary colic (gallbladder attack) can result.[4] This ... A characteristic symptom of a gallstone attack is the presence of a colicky pain in the upper-right side of the abdomen, often ...
... any vein not situated in the chest or abdomen). This is usually in the form of a cannula-over-needle device, in which a ... Acute Care of at-Risk Newborns (ACoRN). *Pediatric basic life support (PBLS) ...
It lies below the ileocecal valve in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen.[34] The cecum receives chyme from the last part ... The liver is located in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen and below the diaphragm to which it is attached at one part, ... Any infection can spread further to the lining of the abdomen (peritoneum) and cause potentially fatal peritonitis.[44] ... The esophagus enters the abdomen through a hole in the diaphragm at the level of T10. ...
Nagana - acute form. cattle. camels. horses. T. vivax. Africa. G. morsitans. G. palpalis. G. tachinoides. G. swynnertoni. G. ... The thorax is quite large, while the abdomen is wide rather than elongated and shorter than the wings. ... Nagana - acute form. antelope. cattle. camels. horses. T. brucei brucei. Africa. G. morsitans. G. swynnertoni. G. pallidipes. G ... Nagana - acute form. domestic pigs. cattle. camels. horses. T. simiae. Africa. G. palpalis. G. fuscipes. G. morsitans. G. ...
... abdomen compression, coughing) were associated with notable decreases (between -2.1 and -7.9SPL) in intensity of the evoked OAE ... and climbers with acute mountain sickness. While the ONSD can at any given point along the optic nerve be measured with a ...
Brudzinski's reflex, in which passive flexion of one knee into the abdomen leads to involuntary flexion in the opposite leg, ... usually associated with acute febrile illness,[1][2] especially in children and adolescents.[2] Meningism involves the triad (3 ...
As the symptoms and diagnostic tests are almost indistinguishable from an acute abdomen (e.g. perforated appendicitis) it is ... Acute treatment consists of C1-INH (C1-esterase inhibitor) concentrate from donor blood, which must be administered ... Mast cell tryptase levels may be elevated if the attack was due to an acute allergic (anaphylactic) reaction. When the patient ... abdomen, or arms and legs.[1] Often it is associated with hives, which are swelling within the upper skin.[1][3] Onset is ...
Cardiovascular system damage can include myocardial ischemia/infarction, acute left ventricular dysfunction, acute pulmonary ... abdomen *Hepatic veno-occlusive disease. *Budd-Chiari syndrome. *May-Thurner syndrome. *Portal vein thrombosis ... Acute end-organ damage may occur, affecting the neurological, cardiovascular, renal, or other organ systems. Some examples of ... The kidneys will be affected, resulting in blood and/or protein in the urine, and acute kidney failure. ...
Acute senses of hearing and smell became vital. *This accelerated the development of the mammalian middle ear. ... For a diaphragm to work, the ribs must not restrict the abdomen, so that expansion of the chest can be compensated for by ... reduction in the volume of the abdomen and vice versa. Diaphragms are known in caseid pelycosaurs, indicating an early origin ...
Acute withdrawal symptoms can be stopped by recommencing baclofen.[8]. Withdrawal symptoms may include auditory hallucinations ... catheter is inserted from the spine through the abdomen and attached to the pump which is implanted under the abdomen's skin, ...
Transverse CT image of the abdomen in a patient with a Spigelian hernia (arrow).. ...
Pitting edema (swelling) in the lower limbs and/or abdomen. *Petechiae, which are tiny red spots or lines in the skin due to ... Acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage *Acute undifferentiated leukemia. *Mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) with t(9;22)( ... a b c Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia at eMedicine *^ Bleyer WA (August 1988). "Central nervous system leukemia". Pediatric ... "Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia - Cancer Stat Facts". SEER. Retrieved 20 December 2017.. *^ a b Tubergen DG, Bleyer A, Ritchey AK ( ...
The pelvis (plural pelves or pelvises) is either the lower part of the trunk of the human body between the abdomen and the ... The angle between the inferior pubic rami is acute (70 degrees) in men, but obtuse (90-100 degrees) in women. Accordingly, the ... The gap enclosed by the bony pelvis, called the pelvic cavity, is the section of the body underneath the abdomen and mainly ... The pelvic region of the trunk is the lower part of the trunk, between the abdomen and the thighs. It includes several ...
THE ACUTE ABDOMEN Br Med J 1928; 1 :326 doi:10.1136/bmj.1.3503.326 ... THE ACUTE ABDOMEN. Br Med J 1928; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.3503.326 (Published 25 February 1928) Cite this as: Br ...
Acute diabetic abdomen.. Br Med J 1976; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.6043.1074-c (Published 30 October 1976) Cite this ...
... (Acute Abdominal Pain; Severe Stomach Ache; Abdominal Cramps; Surgical Abdomen). by Amanda Barrett, MA. ... "Acute abdomen" is the medical term used for pain in the abdomen that usually comes on suddenly and is so severe that one may ... This Acute Abdomen page on EmpowHER Womens Health works best with javascript enabled in your browser.. Toggle navigation ... The symptoms of acute abdomen have a variety of causes. If you experience any one of them, see your physician. *Persistent, ...
The Equine Acute Abdomen, Third Editionis the preeminent text on diagnosing and treating acute abdominal diseases in horses, ... The definitive guide to acute abdominal disorders in equine patients, fully updated and revised to reflect the latest ... The Equine Acute Abdomen, Third Editionis the preeminent text on diagnosing and treating acute abdominal diseases in horses, ... The Equine Acute Abdomen, 3rd Edition. Anthony T. Blikslager (Editor), Nathaniel A. White II (Editor), James N. Moore (Editor) ...
Acute abdomen definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it up ... A serious condition within the abdomen characterized by sudden onset, pain, tenderness, and muscular rigidity, and usually ...
Sons The Equine Acute Abdomen Written and edited by leading experts on equine digestive diseases, The Equine Acute Abdomen, ... The Equine Acute Abdomen, Third Editionis the preeminent text on diagnosing and treating acute abdominal diseases in horses, ... The Equine Acute Abdomen. Blikslager, Anthony T. / White, Nathaniel A. / Moore, James N. / Mair, Tim S. (eds.) ... Imaging of the Abdomen. Anne Desrochers. Chapter 24. Decision for Surgery and Referral. Nathaniel A. White. Chapter 25. ...
S. F. Lim, S. L. Lee, A. K. H. Chiow, C. S. Foo, A. S. Y. Wong, and S. M. Tan, "Rare cause of acute surgical abdomen with free ... A differential diagnosis in acute abdomen," Annales Chirurgiae et Gynaecologiae, vol. 74, no. 6, pp. 294-295, 1985. View at ... Spontaneous Uterine Perforation of Pyometra Presenting as Acute Abdomen. Toshihiro Kitai,1 Kentaro Okuno,1 Hiromi Ugaki,1 ... P. K. Saha, P. Gupta, R. Mehra, P. Gael, and A. Huria, "Spontaneous perforation of pyometra presented as an acute abdomen: a ...
However, acute abdominal pain is rarely seen. Here, we describe a cancer patient presenting with acute abdomen with stercoral ... Acute Abdomen in a Patient with Cancer Pain on Oxycodone. Naomi Kishine,1 Atsunobu Tsunoda,1 Seiji Kishimoto,2 and Tomohisa ... Until now, acute abdomen caused by opioids has never been reported, although ileus is sometimes seen in postoperative use of ... The primary management to avoid the acute abdomen caused by opioids is an adequate control of the opioids as well as laxative [ ...
Abdomen, Acute: A clinical syndrome with acute abdominal pain that is severe, localized, and rapid onset. Acute abdomen may be ...
Clinical examination of the underweight patient (BMI 17.4) found a tight abdomen with diffuse guarding and no bowel sounds. ... A 48-year-old woman reported acute abdominal pain for the previous 3 hours. ... Acute Abdomen in Chronic Anorexia Nervosa with Episodes of Bulimia. Dtsch Arztebl Int 2019; 116: 735. DOI: 10.3238/arztebl. ... Hartleb A, Geser L, H user W: Acute abdomen in chronic anorexia nervosa with episodes of bulimia. Dtsch Arztebl Int 2019; 116: ...
Abdomen, Acute. Acute abdomen. Diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Imaging. Medical / Diagnostic Imaging. Medical / Radiology ... books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Acute_abdomen.html?id=mpxsAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareAcute abdomen ... abdominal pain Abdominal Radiographs Plain abscess acute abdomen adrenal aneurysm Angiography aortic appendicitis arrow artery ... Acute Abdomen: Diagnostic Imaging in the Clinical Context. Gabriel P. Krestin,Peter L. Choyke. No preview available - 1996. ...
To illustrate the main differentials and address the various pitfalls in imaging patients with acute abdomen ... Acute abdominal pain is a common complaint in patients presenting to the Emergency Department. Because clinico-biological ... To discuss the imaging features (including US, CT and MRI) of the main pathologies presenting with acute abdominal pain based ... To present US and MDCT diagnostic algorithms and protocols in the initial assessment of patients with acute abdominal pain ...
In cases of ischemic acute abdomen, bowel sounds will be absent. Laboratory Findings. In cases of ischemic acute abdomen, ... Acute abdomen refers to a sudden, severe pain in the abdomen that is less than 24 hours in duration. It is in many cases an ... Acute abdomen of the ischemic variety is usually due to: *A thromboembolism from the left side of the heart, such as may be ... Ischemic Acute abdomen. Vascular disorders are more likely to affect the small bowel than the large bowel. Arterial supply to ...
The differential diagnosis of acute abdomen include: Acute appendicitis Acute peptic ulcer and its complications Acute ... Acute abdomen of the ischemic variety is usually due to: A thromboembolism from the left side of the heart, such as may be ... An acute abdomen refers to a sudden, severe abdominal pain. It is in many cases a medical emergency, requiring urgent and ... Acute ischemic abdomen is a surgical emergency. Typically, treatment involves removal of the region of the bowel that has ...
Multiple other conditions can mimic an acute surgical abdomen: the prodromal phase of herpes zoster (see shingles (herpes ... Clinical Folios: Abdomen, Biliary/Pancreatic, Breast, Cardiothoracic, Colorectal, Embryology, Genitourinary, Gynecology, Head ...
Clinical Folios: Abdomen, Biliary/Pancreatic, Breast, Cardiothoracic, Colorectal, Embryology, Genitourinary, Gynecology, Head ... The superior mesenteric artery (see SMA embolus), with its acute angled takeoff is particularly vulnerable and dangerous ... ischemia results in hyperperistalsis and severe colicy pain out of proportion to the findings on palpating the abdomen. Because ...
American Journal of Emergency Medicine. 23(2):219-220, MARCH 2005. PMID: 15765354. Issn Print: 0735-6757. Publication Date: March 2005. ...
The Acute Abdomen.. Ann Intern Med. 1974;81:143. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-81-1-143_9 ... diagnostic signs and the mechanisms behind them in the major acute problems of abdominal disease. ...
During the last years, a trend towards increased use of computed tomography in patients with acute abdomen can be seen. ... Contrast-enhanced CT was highly sensitive for acute aortic syndrome and therefore the CT imaging protocols must be adjusted in ... Aortic Aneurysm Rupture and acute cholecystitis). According to this work findings, non-contrast CT after ultrasound is ... Acute abdomen is a common presentation in emergency medicine. It represents 5% to 10% of all Emergency Department (ED) visits. ...
Laparoscopic Management of the Acute Abdomen in Pregnancy. The reported incidence of acute abdominal pain in pregnancy is 1/500 ... We did a retrospective chart based review of all cases of acute abdominal pain in pregnancy that were managed laparoscopically ... Our objective was to review cases of acute abdominal pain in pregnancy which were managed laparoscopically at our institution ...
Basically it refers to pain that is felt within the abdomen which is the region of the body bounded by the ribs superiorly and ... Abdominal pain is a very common medical condition that can either be acute or chronic in nature. ... Acute pancreatitis: This often causes severe epigastric (upper, middle abdomen) pain at the outset that radiates (spreads) to ... You may hear doctors use the term acute abdomen. This refers to a condition where patients are really unwell with signs and ...
"The ESGAR Acute Abdomen Workshop, Helsinki, Finland, 29/08/2019-30/08/2019 has been accredited by the European Accreditation ... Acute biliary conditions. J.B.C.M. Puylaert, The Hague/NL. 14:50. Acute pancreatitis: diagnosis and intervention. T. Talvikki ...
This book discusses in depth the role of advanced imaging modalities in imaging of the acute abdomen and pelvis. ... MDCT and MR Imaging of Acute Abdomen. Book Subtitle. New Technologies and Emerging Issues. Editors. * Michael N. Patlas ... MDCT and MR Imaging of Acute Abdomen. New Technologies and Emerging Issues. Editors: Patlas, Michael N., Katz, Douglas S., ... this is a well-written book that highlights cross-sectional imaging of the acute abdomen. It is a worthwhile read for imaging ...
Buy Diagnostic Imaging of the Acute Abdomen: A Clinico-Radiologic Approach by Dieter Beyer online at Alibris. We have new and ... The acute abdomen is one of the most frequent, most dangerous and most difficult problems that the diagnostic radiologist has ... The acute abdomen is one of the most frequent, most dangerous and most difficult problems that the diagnostic radiologist has ... Diagnostic Imaging of the Acute Abdomen: A Clinico-Radiologic Approach. by Dieter Beyer Write The First Customer Review ...
Abdomen.html?id=jFxsAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareCT and Sonography of the Acute Abdomen. ... abnormalities acute cholecystitis acute pancreatitis adjacent aneurysm aortic areas attenuation bile duct biliary biloma black ... Acute abdomen: diagnostic imaging in the clinical context. Gabriel P. Krestin,Peter L. Choyke. Snippet view - 1996. ... CT and sonography of the acute abdomen. R. Brooke Jeffrey. Snippet view - 1989. ...
... acute abdomen. Conditions resulting in an acute abdomen can cause serious complications, sometimes even death. ... Acute abdomen refers to the clinical situation in which a sudden change in the condition of the intra-abdominal organs - ... Let us consider the most common cause of acute abdomen , appendicitis , and learn about the diagnosis and treatment . ... AbdomenAbdominoplastyAbnormal Utrine BleedingACacidityACL injuriesAcoustic neuroma in childrenActive ChildrenAcute Abdomen and ...
An acute abdomen is a surgical emergency in which the patient must be seen urgently by a doctor - DONT WASTE TIME WITH THIS ... Common causes of acute abdomen. There may be several causes, with a further array of symptoms: Appendicitis. Starts with ... THE ACUTE ABDOMEN IS ALWAYS DIFFICULT, EVEN FOR EXPERIENCED DOCTORS. GET HELP! ... An acute abdomen should always been considered with any bowel symptom. The early warning symptoms are often the same as for ...
Abdominal tuberculosis mimicking acute abdomen: the role of laparoscopy. Ernesto Miranda-Cervantes, MD, Jorge Carmona-Cantu, MD ... Physical examination revealed a normal contour abdomen, absent peristalsis, tense, and generalized tenderness with a positive ...
CT of the Acute Abdomen has 2 available editions to buy at Alibris ... CT of the Acute Abdomen by Patrice Taourel (Editor) starting at $204.56. ... CT of the Acute Abdomen provides a comprehensive account of the use of CT in patients with acute abdomen. Recent important ... CT of the Acute Abdomen provides a comprehensive account of the use of CT in patients with acute abdomen. Recent important ...
... and efficiently treat most of the acute abdominal disorders that may be encountered in the pregnant patient, whether associated ... Acute Abdomen During Pregnancy is designed to meet the needs of both the gynecologist and the general or abdominal surgeon, who ... such as acute appendicitis and acute cholecystitis. The principles underlying diagnosis and therapy are clearly explained. ... This book will help the reader to recognize, diagnose, and efficiently treat most of the acute abdominal disorders that may be ...
  • Multiple other conditions can mimic an acute surgical abdomen: the prodromal phase of herpes zoster (see shingles (herpes zoster) mimicking appendicitis ) abdominal wall hematoma, sickle cell crisis, withdrawal, typhoid, pneumonia and myocardial infarction are examples. (vesalius.com)
  • The most common surgical cause of acute abdominal pain is acute appendicitis. (apollohospitals.com)
  • Because appendicitis is a common disease, it must remain in the comprehensive diagnosis of any undiagnosed patient with persistent abdominal pain, particularly that in the right lower abdomen. (apollohospitals.com)
  • Ultrasonography performed in patients with suspected acute appendicitis improves patient care, both by averting unnecessary appendectomies and by averting delays before medical or surgical treatment, which consequently reduces hospital expenditure. (apollohospitals.com)
  • In fact, appendectomy is the only rational therapy for acute appendicitis. (apollohospitals.com)
  • A wide range of conditions are addressed, including some which are very rare as well as those more frequently seen, such as acute appendicitis and acute cholecystitis. (springer.com)
  • Effect of pain control in suspected acute appendicitis on the diagnostic accuracy of surgical residents. (semanticscholar.org)
  • We present a case of acute suppurative appendicitis with bowel perforation. (thescipub.com)
  • The most common causes of acute abdomen are acute appendicitis, acute peptic ulcer, acute cholecystitis, acute pancreatitis, intestinal obstruction, acute peritonitis and acute pyelonephritis [8]. (who.int)
  • Acute abdominal pain may be caused by a myriad of diagnoses, including acute appendicitis, diverticulitis, and cholecystitis. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Metastasis-induced perforated appendicitis: an acute abdomen of rare aetiology. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Re: Acute traumatic appendicitis following blunt abdominal trauma. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Abdominal pain is a common occurrence in pregnant women and may have a variety of causes, including those that are specific to pregnancy (eg, round ligament pain in the first trimester) and the wide range of causes of abdominal pain that affect men and women who are not pregnant (eg, appendicitis, acute cholecystitis). (northwestern.edu)
  • How does the presentation of acute salpingitis differ from acute appendicitis? (cram.com)
  • Intestinal inflammations such as Ileitis and colitis, and acute appendicitis (appendicitis) often with pain in the umbilical region, during the acute diverticulitis of the colon typically causes pain in the left lower abdomen. (fitnessblogger.info)
  • It addresses a wide range of conditions, whether associated with or incidental to pregnancy, ranging from very rare to more common ones, such as acute appendicitis and acute cholecystitis. (akusher-lib.ru)
  • The aim of the present study was to investigate the possibility of optimizing Helical CT parameters in the protocol and emphasize the CT features of selected cases of disorders related acute abdominal complain at the Emergency Department both in general and in a number of selected conditions (Urolithiasis, Aortic Aneurysm Rupture and acute cholecystitis). (scirp.org)
  • Cholecystitis (inflammation of the gall bladder) and gall stones typically cause pain in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen. (myvmc.com)
  • Acute cholecystitis, caused by gallstones in the gallbladder. (apollohospitals.com)
  • Initial clinical diagnosis was of acute cholecystitis. (eurorad.org)
  • The patient presented at emergency department with an acute cholecystitis, getting worse during hospitalization due a gallbladder perforation with. (radiopaedia.org)
  • 25 Oct 2007Abd US or CT if abd pain to r/o cholecystitis or acute abdomen, also useful to assess liver Head CT/MRI if neuro sx?and spleen size. (slideworld.org)
  • Where can pain from acute cholecystitis refer to? (cram.com)
  • Acute pancreatitis can usually be diagnosed accurately based on clinical features and biochemical markers alone. (ueg.eu)
  • 1 After 72 hours, CT scanning is useful in cases of severe acute pancreatitis to assess the degree of necrosis and presence of complications (e.g. pancreatic duct disruption, pseudoaneurysm formation, venous thrombosis, fat necrosis, peripancreatic collections and bowel fistulation/ischaemia). (ueg.eu)
  • CT scans in a patient with acute pancreatitis. (ueg.eu)
  • While presentation with associated acute pancreatitis has been rarely reported [3,4], presentation with acute "biliary colic-like symptoms" is extremely rare. (eurorad.org)
  • The working diagnosis was sub-acute intestinal obstruction, which might have been due to colon cancer, pancreatitis, tuberculosis, or adhesions. (cureus.com)
  • This information shows the various causes of Perforation causing acute abdomen , and how common these diseases or conditions are in the general population. (rightdiagnosis.com)
  • This is not a direct indication as to how commonly these diseases are the actual cause of Perforation causing acute abdomen , but gives a relative idea as to how frequent these diseases are seen overall. (rightdiagnosis.com)
  • The following causes of Perforation causing acute abdomen are ones for which we do not have any prevalence information. (rightdiagnosis.com)
  • The following list of conditions have ' Perforation causing acute abdomen ' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. (rightdiagnosis.com)
  • operation for acute peritonitis due to different kinds of stomach- or bowel perforation and re-operations for complications to elective surgery are the most common. (centerwatch.com)
  • In a prospective study, 65 patients with a generalized acute abdomen (no intestinal obstruction or perforation) underwent a diagnostic laparoscopy under general anesthesia previous to the planned median laparotomy. (eurekamag.com)
  • Furthermore, the biliary colic will find the cause, an acute inflammation of the gallbladder and biliary perforation (penetration of the gall bladder), but also an acute inflammation of the pancreas, the stomach is accompanied by all the most with (some cramping) pain in the upper right. (fitnessblogger.info)
  • Emergency surgical treatment may be necessary in acute intestinal obstruction in which the mass of the parasite obstructs the intestinal lumen or intestinal obstruction develops due to volvulus [11]. (who.int)
  • Acute abdomen is occasionally used synonymously with peritonitis . (wikidoc.org)
  • The image to the right displays a lady holding her lower abdomen in an attempt to relieve her pain. (myvmc.com)
  • His lower abdomen and lower limbs were noted to be mottled, cyanosed and edematous, and the boy was referred to a local pediatrician who was concerned about a possible acute inferior vena cava thrombosis. (cmaj.ca)
  • The boy was thought to have a Plastibell ring urethral meatus obstruction leading to enlargement of the bladder, which blocked the inferior vena cava, resulting in acute venous stasis of the lower abdomen and extremities. (cmaj.ca)
  • The lower abdomen and pelvis should be included to fully assess the extent of free fluid and collections. (ueg.eu)
  • Often pain and tenderness in lower abdomen. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Written and edited by leading experts on equine digestive diseases, The Equine Acute Abdomen, Third Edition is the preeminent text on diagnosing and treating acute abdominal diseases in horses, donkeys, and mules. (wiley.com)
  • An Evaluation of the Effect of Morphine on Abdominal Pain and PeritonealIrritation Signs in Patients with Acute Surgical Abdomen. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Malone, A.J. (1999) Unenhanced CT in the Evaluation of the Acute Abdomen. (scirp.org)
  • As opposed to common abdominal pain, which can be caused by minor issues such as constipation or gas, acute abdominal pain can signal a variety of more serious conditions, some of which require immediate medical care and/or surgery. (empowher.com)
  • A serious condition within the abdomen characterized by sudden onset, pain, tenderness, and muscular rigidity, and usually requiring emergency surgery. (dictionary.com)
  • In this study, patients with nontraumatic acute abdominal pain referred to CT of the abdomen by the department of surgery will also have performed an additional MR scan covering the entire abdomen with few fast imaging sequences in approximately 15min. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The book was well characterized by a reviewer of an earlier edition for The New England Journal of Medicine: 'If only one book about surgery could be made available to physicians from all specialties, it should probably be Silen's recent revision of Cope's Early Diagnosis of the Acute Abdomen. (oup.com)
  • any serious acute intra-abdominal condition attended by pain, tenderness, and muscular rigidity, and for which emergency surgery must be considered. (slideworld.com)
  • A total of 150 patients admitted in the surgery ward clinically diagnosed as acute abdomen were studied. (banglajol.info)
  • Despite high rates of in-hospital mortality and nonroutine discharge, palliative care is underutilized in patients with dementia and acute abdominal emergency, according to findings published in Surgery. (mdedge.com)
  • This raises the question of whether the acute surgical emergency represents an appropriate episode during which to introduce palliative care for patients with dementia," wrote Ana Berlin, MD, FACS, of the department of surgery at New Jersey Medical School, Newark, N.J., and her coauthors (Surgery. (mdedge.com)
  • Acute intestinal ischaemia following embolization caused by atrial fibrillation, or as sequelae of cardiac surgery. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • This section is designed for medical assistants, visiting nurses, nurses of children's surgery, Pediatrics, General surgery, anesthesiology departments and chambers, in which there may be children with acute surgical diseases, and the operating sisters General surgical and paediatric surgical departments. (medicalency.com)
  • Clinical examination of the underweight patient (BMI 17.4) found a tight abdomen with diffuse guarding and no bowel sounds. (aerzteblatt.de)
  • Traditionally, the use of opiates or other painkillers in patients with an acute abdomen has been discouraged before the clinical examination, because these would alter the examination. (wikipedia.org)
  • Do opiates affect the clinical evaluation of patients with acute abdominal pain? (wikipedia.org)
  • Acute abdomen refers to the clinical situation in which a sudden change in the condition of the intra-abdominal organs - usually related to inflammation or infection - demands immediate and accurate diagnosis. (apollohospitals.com)
  • Authors: Tamandl D, Uray T Abstract CLINICAL ISSUE: Acute abdominal pain is a prevalent problem in the emergency department. (medworm.com)
  • ASSESSMENT: The clinical decision trees and recommendations, which need to be in the report depending on the diagnosis, are of relevance for every radiologist who deals with patients with acute abdominal presentations. (medworm.com)
  • PRACTICAL RECOMMENDATIONS: Knowledge of the clinical diagnostic approach in patients with acute abdomen is an unavoidable prerequisite for optimal cooperation between clinicians and radiologists in acute situations. (medworm.com)
  • Lack or gallstones on dual imaging modalities (CT and ultrasound), lack of ill-defined surrounding inflammatory changes as well as extensive distinct mass-like nature of the pathology on CT made a purely inflammatory aetiology very unlikely despite an acute clinical presentation and a previously well clinical state. (eurorad.org)
  • If the abdominal wall is involved, clinical presentation may resemble an acute abdomen. (ovid.com)
  • The superior mesenteric artery (see SMA embolus ), with its acute angled takeoff is particularly vulnerable and dangerous because of the large vascular territory it supplies. (vesalius.com)
  • Acute vascular abdomen. (minervamedica.it)
  • Acute vascular abdomen is a severe and life-threatening pathology due to arterial degeneration, leading to hemorrhage or arterial occlusion leading to ischemia. (minervamedica.it)
  • Also acute aortic dissection, iatrogenic injury and acute mesenteric ischemia may lead to acute vascular abdomen. (minervamedica.it)
  • We present our vascular algorithms, to assess timing of diagnosis and treatment of this severe acute disease. (minervamedica.it)
  • Conditions resulting in an acute abdomen can cause serious complications, sometimes even death. (apollohospitals.com)
  • Special attention is paid to questions of clinic of acute surgical diseases of abdominal cavity, possible complications, preoperative preparation and postoperative management of patients. (medicalency.com)
  • Her abdomen was distended, with tenderness in the lower portion. (hindawi.com)
  • It is diagnosed on physical examination as rebound tenderness , or pain upon removal of pressure rather than application of pressure to the abdomen. (wikidoc.org)
  • Physical examination revealed a normal contour abdomen, absent peristalsis, tense, and generalized tenderness with a positive Blumberg sign. (sages.org)
  • Abdominal examination revealed abdominal tenderness and rigidity in the central and mid-abdomen. (who.int)
  • Her abdomen is nondistended, but she has tenderness to palpation in the right lower quadrant. (obgynkey.com)
  • Physical finding showed that her abdomen was slightly distended but soft with diffuse tenderness without defense musculaire. (upjs.sk)
  • Acute abdominal pain is a common complaint in patients presenting to the Emergency Department. (esgar.org)
  • Because clinico-biological evaluation may be inaccurate, Imaging studies play a major role in the diagnosis and in the treatment management of patients with acute abdominal pain. (esgar.org)
  • During the last years, a trend towards increased use of computed tomography in patients with acute abdomen can be seen. (scirp.org)
  • In particular, patients with an acute abdomen must be referred for a surgical opinion. (myvmc.com)
  • The remaining chapters describe specific applications of MDCT, DECT, and MRI for the imaging of both common and less common acute abdominal and pelvic conditions, including disorders in the pediatric population and pregnant patients. (springer.com)
  • Acute abdominal pain is one of the most frequently encountered symptoms in patients seeking emergency attention. (apollohospitals.com)
  • CT of the Acute Abdomen provides a comprehensive account of the use of CT in patients with acute abdomen. (alibris.com)
  • The presence of an acute abdomen is a common presentation among cancer patients and could also be the initial presentation of an underlying abdominal malignancy. (springer.com)
  • This chapter focuses specifically on immunosuppressed patients who present with an acute abdomen and the differential diagnosis, presentation, and management of each of these pathologies. (springer.com)
  • At present, CT is the gold standard in the assessment of patients with acute abdomen. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Yet, one CT of the abdomen exposes patients to a radiation dose equivalent to several years of background radiation. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The objective of the study is to handle patients with the need for an acute laparotomy according to a standardised perioperative protocol and to document the measurement as they are performed (i.e. adherence to the protocol) and to measure the outcome with regard to both short- (30 days) and long-term (3 and 12 months) mortality. (centerwatch.com)
  • In 46 patients (70%) diagnostic laparoscopy permitted the establishment of an adequate diagnosis, whereas in seven patients (10%) no cause for the acute abdomen could be found and an explorative laparotomy was avoided. (eurekamag.com)
  • In a prospective sequential double blind trial 288 patients with acute abdominal pain were given sublingual buprenorphine 200 mcg, sublingual buprenorphine 400 mcg, or placebo. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Views of emergency physicians working in university and state hospitals in Turkey regarding the use of analgesics in patients with acute abdominal pain. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Despite high mortality and frequent nonroutine discharges, palliative care is underutilized in dementia patients with acute abdominal emergency. (mdedge.com)
  • Among dementia patients with acute abdominal emergency, 7.5% received palliative care. (mdedge.com)
  • Few surgeons would argue that a patient with dementia and an acute abdomen would be less appropriate for a palliative care consultation than demented patients with a hip fracture or ICU admission who have been shown to benefit from triggered palliative care consults. (mdedge.com)
  • Of 15,209 patients aged 50 years and older with dementia and acute abdomen, 7.5% received palliative care. (mdedge.com)
  • Dr. Berlin and her colleagues used the National Inpatient Sample database to identify patients with dementia and acute abdomen who were admitted nonelectively between 2009 and 2013. (mdedge.com)
  • All available international literature on patients with acute abdominal pain was identified and graded according to their methodological quality by members of the multidisciplinary steering group. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Alvarado score evaluations were performed on 300 patients that were referred to or presented to the emergency room with acute abdominal pain. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Appropriate pain therapy prior to diagnosis in patients with acute abdominal pain remains controversial. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • This pathway provides guidance for imaging adult patients with non-traumatic acute abdominal pain. (wa.gov.au)
  • The primary purpose of this study is to compare the diagnostic potential and agreement of survey radiography, combined B-Mode/contrast- enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and CE-MDCT in evaluation of canine patients presenting with acute abdominal signs. (avmi.net)
  • Unlike the other reported patients with this condition, the patient presented with a short history of secondary amenorrhea, a subsequent acute abdomen, and an absence of abdominal distention and ascites. (ndsl.kr)
  • 1. What is the differential diagnosis for patients with acute abdominal pain? (obgynkey.com)
  • of patients with an acute abdomen. (libsyn.com)
  • The reported incidence of acute abdominal pain in pregnancy is 1/500-1/635. (sages.org)
  • Our objective was to review cases of acute abdominal pain in pregnancy which were managed laparoscopically at our institution to evaluate surgical and obstetrical outcomes. (sages.org)
  • We did a retrospective chart based review of all cases of acute abdominal pain in pregnancy that were managed laparoscopically between July 1 2003 - June 30 2005 at our institution. (sages.org)
  • This book will help the reader to recognize, diagnose, and efficiently treat most of the acute abdominal disorders that may be encountered in the pregnant patient, whether associated with or incidental to the pregnancy. (springer.com)
  • Acute Abdomen During Pregnancy is designed to meet the needs of both the gynecologist and the general or abdominal surgeon, who together form the multidisciplinary team mandatory for effective treatment that will safeguard mother and baby. (springer.com)
  • An extremely rare cause of acute abdomen in pregnancy: ruptured pancreatic mucinous cystadenocarcinoma. (biomedsearch.com)
  • We present a second case of ruptured PMC resulting in acute abdomen in 36 weeks of pregnancy. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Rupture of mucinous cystic neoplasms of pancreas including PMC should be remembered in acute abdomen during pregnancy. (biomedsearch.com)
  • As a one-top modality, CT can pick up virtually every cause of an acute abdomen, save an ectopic pregnancy. (typepad.com)
  • We propose that CE-MDCT may effectively replace combined survey radiography and B-mode ultrasound in screening dogs with acute abdominal signs. (avmi.net)
  • The continuous dribbling of urine led to initial assumptions that there was no urinary retention, and complete examination of the abdomen, which would have allowed the detection of a palpable urinary bladder, was impeded by the child's irritability. (cmaj.ca)
  • Depending on the underlying condition causing acute abdomen, prevention measures will vary. (empowher.com)
  • Wang, J.H., Shen, S.H., Huang, S.S. and Chang, C.Y. (2008) Prospective Comparison of Unenhanced Spiral Computed Tomography and Intravenous Urography in the Evaluation of Acute Renal Colic. (scirp.org)
  • A 48-year-old woman reported acute abdominal pain for the previous 3 hours. (aerzteblatt.de)
  • Accompanies the acute Abdomen of the most violent, strong abdominal pain, colic occur fast or permanently. (fitnessblogger.info)
  • Basically it refers to pain that is felt within the abdomen which is the region of the body bounded by the ribs superiorly and the pelvis below. (myvmc.com)
  • Abdominal pain in simple terms refers to pain that is felt in the abdomen (the anatomical region bounded by the ribs superiorly and the pelvis inferiorly). (myvmc.com)
  • Acute abdomen" is the medical term used for pain in the abdomen that usually comes on suddenly and is so severe that one may have to go to the hospital. (empowher.com)
  • Acute abdomen refers to a sudden, severe pain in the abdomen that is less than 24 hours in duration. (wikidoc.org)
  • Sudden and violent pain in the abdomen occur, the shear-like manner or continuously stronger, this is often a sign of a medical emergency. (fitnessblogger.info)
  • Sharp, localized pain in the abdomen increases to a peak then subsides. (buoyhealth.com)
  • The term 'acute abdomen' is commonly used to describe abdominal pain of recent onset requiring urgent surgical assessment. (oxfordmedicine.com)
  • The term 'acute abdomen' represents a rapid onset of severe symptoms that may indicate life-threatening intra-abdominal pathology. (informationng.com)
  • Acute onset, peritonism. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Sudden onset of acute and severe discomfort in the abdominal area are often a sign of an emergency. (fitnessblogger.info)
  • diagnostic signs and the mechanisms behind them in the major acute problems of abdominal disease. (annals.org)
  • Diagnostic laparoscopy is the only technique which can visualize the abdomen and, by establishing an adequate diagnosis, permits the surgeon to plan the right abdominal approach. (eurekamag.com)
  • Tramadol or paracetamol do not effect the diagnostic accuracy of acute abdominal pain with significant pain relief - a prospective, randomized, placebo controlled double blind study. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Diagnostic imaging of acute abdominal pain in adults. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Diagnostic practice for acute abdominal pain at the Emergency Department varies widely and is mostly based on doctor's preferences. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • The term "acute abdomen" is used to describe a spectrum of gynaecological, medical, surgical and urological conditions, ranging from minor ailments to life-threatening diseases. (journals.co.za)
  • In section provides information about acute surgical diseases of abdominal cavity in children, their specific characteristics that need to be taken into account in practical work, as mortality in the diagnosis " acute abdomen " is still a great place. (medicalency.com)
  • This is especially important in acute surgical diseases of abdominal cavity in children, when there is a direct relation between the term of arrival of the patient in the hospital and mortality. (medicalency.com)
  • Acute surgical diseases in children have their essential differences from acute surgical diseases in adults on many parameters, including the technique of the operation. (medicalency.com)
  • Acute and severe abdominal pain as an emergency: the term acute Abdomen or acute abdomen to collect various abdominal diseases in which suddenly, a life-threatening condition can occur. (fitnessblogger.info)
  • There are a variety of diseases is out of the question, on the bottom of an acute Abdomen may occur. (fitnessblogger.info)
  • The aim of this report is to present a case of bowel obstruction caused by A. lumbricoides as a cause of acute abdomen in one governorate in Egypt. (who.int)
  • Acute gynaecological disorders. (apollohospitals.com)
  • This is the second edition of a well-received book that reflects the state of the art in diagnosis and treatment of acute abdominal disorders in the pregnant patient. (akusher-lib.ru)
  • Also, CT findings have been demonstrated to have a marked effect on the management of acute abdominal pain. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • High small intestinal ileus caused by obstruction of the horizontal segment of the duodenum due to acute gastric dilatation is a rare, potentially fatal (gastric necrosis, gastric rupture) complication of extreme overeating. (aerzteblatt.de)
  • 2004) Acute Aortic Dissection: Population-Based Incidence Compared with Degenerative Aortic Aneurysm Rupture. (scirp.org)
  • A CT scan can provide a differential diagnosis between simple and complex pathologies causing the Acute abdomen. (wikidoc.org)
  • Primary mesenteric vein thromboses may also cause ischemic acute abdomen, usually precipitated by hypercoagulable states such as polycythemia vera . (wikidoc.org)
  • Mesenteric ischemia results in hyperperistalsis and severe colicy pain out of proportion to the findings on palpating the abdomen. (vesalius.com)
  • Absence of the entire inferior vena cava caused acute abdominal symptoms, and the patient, a twenty-year-old man, was operated on on an emergency basis. (acliatas.net)
  • We herein present a premature newborn with unusual acute abdomen findings suggesting a surgical pathology after the extravasation of total parenteral nutrition into the abdomen" Oztan et al (2016). (ivteam.com)
  • Acute liver disease can cause sudden and severe abdominal pain. (fitnessblogger.info)
  • Acute abdominal pain can represent a spectrum of conditions from benign and self-limited disease to surgical emergencies. (buoyhealth.com)
  • Most cases of acute abdominal pain present in the community and are managed by family practitioners, with only a few presenting to a hospital. (oxfordmedicine.com)
  • The goal of evaluating the patient with acute abdominal pain was to establish an early, efficient, and accurate diagnosis. (banglajol.info)
  • When evaluating a patient with acute abdominal pain, the most important elements in making an accurate early diagnosis were the patient's history and physical examination. (banglajol.info)
  • Introduction/Purpose: Contrast-enhanced multi-detector computed tomography (CE- MDCT) is the current modality of choice in evaluating the human emergency patient with acute abdominal pain. (avmi.net)
  • An acute abdomen refers to a sudden, severe abdominal pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because acute, severe abdominal pain is still a common problem whose misdiagnosis can result in quick death, each generation of beginning physicians is faced with the urgency of learning to make a diagnosis in this high-anxiety situation, and they appreciate the wise, humane, precisely detailed guidance offered by Cope and Silen. (oup.com)
  • Acute abdomen refers to sudden, severe abdominal pain and is considered a medical emergency requiring immediate diagnosis and care. (buoyhealth.com)
  • Severe abdominal pain is the main symptom of acute abdomen. (buoyhealth.com)
  • The term "acute abdomen" denotes any sudden spontaneous non-traumatic disorder whose chief manifestation is in the abdominal area. (slideworld.com)