Abdomen: That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.Abdomen, Acute: A clinical syndrome with acute abdominal pain that is severe, localized, and rapid in onset. Acute abdomen may be caused by a variety of disorders, injuries, or diseases.Radiography, Abdominal: Radiographic visualization of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, i.e., within the peritoneal cavity.Abdominal Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving organs in the abdominal cavity.Abdominal NeoplasmsLaparotomy: Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.Abdominal Wound Closure Techniques: Methods to repair breaks in abdominal tissues caused by trauma or to close surgical incisions during abdominal surgery.Thorax: The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Abdominal Cavity: The region in the abdomen extending from the thoracic DIAPHRAGM to the plane of the superior pelvic aperture (pelvic inlet). The abdominal cavity contains the PERITONEUM and abdominal VISCERA, as well as the extraperitoneal space which includes the RETROPERITONEAL SPACE.Abdominal Pain: Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.Abdominal Wall: The outer margins of the ABDOMEN, extending from the osteocartilaginous thoracic cage to the PELVIS. Though its major part is muscular, the abdominal wall consists of at least seven layers: the SKIN, subcutaneous fat, deep FASCIA; ABDOMINAL MUSCLES, transversalis fascia, extraperitoneal fat, and the parietal PERITONEUM.Intestinal Obstruction: Any impairment, arrest, or reversal of the normal flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS toward the ANAL CANAL.Pneumoperitoneum: A condition with trapped gas or air in the PERITONEAL CAVITY, usually secondary to perforation of the internal organs such as the LUNG and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, or to recent surgery. Pneumoperitoneum may be purposely introduced to aid radiological examination.Appendicitis: Acute inflammation of the APPENDIX. Acute appendicitis is classified as simple, gangrenous, or perforated.Mesenteric Cyst: A rare intra-abdominal tumor in the MESENTERY. Mesenteric cysts are usually benign and can be very large fluid-filled (2000 mL) lesions.Pelvis: The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.Intestinal Perforation: Opening or penetration through the wall of the INTESTINES.Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy: The application of a vacuum across the surface of a wound through a foam dressing cut to fit the wound. This removes wound exudates, reduces build-up of inflammatory mediators, and increases the flow of nutrients to the wound thus promoting healing.Wounds, Nonpenetrating: Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.Torsion Abnormality: An abnormal twisting or rotation of a bodily part or member on its axis.Abdominal Muscles: Muscles forming the ABDOMINAL WALL including RECTUS ABDOMINIS, external and internal oblique muscles, transversus abdominis, and quadratus abdominis. (from Stedman, 25th ed)Rupture, Spontaneous: Tear or break of an organ, vessel or other soft part of the body, occurring in the absence of external force.Pelvic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the pelvic region.Wounds, Stab: Penetrating wounds caused by a pointed object.Compartment Syndromes: Conditions in which increased pressure within a limited space compromises the BLOOD CIRCULATION and function of tissue within that space. Some of the causes of increased pressure are TRAUMA, tight dressings, HEMORRHAGE, and exercise. Sequelae include nerve compression (NERVE COMPRESSION SYNDROMES); PARALYSIS; and ISCHEMIC CONTRACTURE.Laparoscopy: A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.Thoracic Injuries: General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.Fatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.Colonic Diseases: Pathological processes in the COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).Pupa: An inactive stage between the larval and adult stages in the life cycle of insects.Ileal Diseases: Pathological development in the ILEUM including the ILEOCECAL VALVE.Omentum: A double-layered fold of peritoneum that attaches the STOMACH to other organs in the ABDOMINAL CAVITY.Wounds, Penetrating: Wounds caused by objects penetrating the skin.Peritoneal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERITONEUM.Hemoperitoneum: Accumulations of blood in the PERITONEAL CAVITY due to internal HEMORRHAGE.Lymphangioma, Cystic: A cystic growth originating from lymphatic tissue. It is usually found in the neck, axilla, or groin.Wounds, Gunshot: Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.Appendectomy: Surgical removal of the vermiform appendix. (Dorland, 28th ed)Hernia, Ventral: A hernia caused by weakness of the anterior ABDOMINAL WALL due to midline defects, previous incisions, or increased intra-abdominal pressure. Ventral hernias include UMBILICAL HERNIA, incisional, epigastric, and spigelian hernias.Tuberculosis, Splenic: Infection of the spleen with species of MYCOBACTERIUM.Buttocks: Either of two fleshy protuberances at the lower posterior section of the trunk or HIP in humans and primate on which a person or animal sits, consisting of gluteal MUSCLES and fat.Cysts: Any fluid-filled closed cavity or sac that is lined by an EPITHELIUM. Cysts can be of normal, abnormal, non-neoplastic, or neoplastic tissues.Surgical Wound Dehiscence: Pathologic process consisting of a partial or complete disruption of the layers of a surgical wound.Appendix: A worm-like blind tube extension from the CECUM.Intussusception: A form of intestinal obstruction caused by the PROLAPSE of a part of the intestine into the adjoining intestinal lumen. There are four types: colic, involving segments of the LARGE INTESTINE; enteric, involving only the SMALL INTESTINE; ileocecal, in which the ILEOCECAL VALVE prolapses into the CECUM, drawing the ILEUM along with it; and ileocolic, in which the ileum prolapses through the ileocecal valve into the COLON.Radiography, Thoracic: X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs.Thoracic NeoplasmsTreatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Abscess: Accumulation of purulent material in tissues, organs, or circumscribed spaces, usually associated with signs of infection.Wandering Spleen: A congenital or acquired condition in which the SPLEEN is not in its normal anatomical position but moves about in the ABDOMEN. This is due to laxity or absence of suspensory ligaments which normally provide peritoneal attachments to keep the SPLEEN in a fixed position. Clinical symptoms include ABDOMINAL PAIN, splenic torsion and ISCHEMIA.Splenic RupturePneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis: A condition characterized by the presence of multiple gas-filled cysts in the intestinal wall, the submucosa and/or subserosa of the INTESTINE. The majority of the cysts are found in the JEJUNUM and the ILEUM.Cholecystitis: Inflammation of the GALLBLADDER; generally caused by impairment of BILE flow, GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, infections, or other diseases.Peritoneal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the PERITONEUM.Ribs: A set of twelve curved bones which connect to the vertebral column posteriorly, and terminate anteriorly as costal cartilage. Together, they form a protective cage around the internal thoracic organs.Sigmoid Diseases: Pathological processes in the SIGMOID COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).Ultrasonography: The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.Splenic DiseasesUterine Perforation: A hole or break through the wall of the UTERUS, usually made by the placement of an instrument or INTRAUTERINE DEVICES.Peritonitis: INFLAMMATION of the PERITONEUM lining the ABDOMINAL CAVITY as the result of infectious, autoimmune, or chemical processes. Primary peritonitis is due to infection of the PERITONEAL CAVITY via hematogenous or lymphatic spread and without intra-abdominal source. Secondary peritonitis arises from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY itself through RUPTURE or ABSCESS of intra-abdominal organs.Ascites: Accumulation or retention of free fluid within the peritoneal cavity.Hernia, Abdominal: A protrusion of abdominal structures through the retaining ABDOMINAL WALL. It involves two parts: an opening in the abdominal wall, and a hernia sac consisting of PERITONEUM and abdominal contents. Abdominal hernias include groin hernia (HERNIA, FEMORAL; HERNIA, INGUINAL) and VENTRAL HERNIA.Lipectomy: Removal of localized SUBCUTANEOUS FAT deposits by SUCTION CURETTAGE or blunt CANNULATION in the cosmetic correction of OBESITY and other esthetic contour defects.Surgical Mesh: Any woven or knit material of open texture used in surgery for the repair, reconstruction, or substitution of tissue. The mesh is usually a synthetic fabric made of various polymers. It is occasionally made of metal.Drosophila: A genus of small, two-winged flies containing approximately 900 described species. These organisms are the most extensively studied of all genera from the standpoint of genetics and cytology.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Foreign Bodies: Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.Retroperitoneal Space: An area occupying the most posterior aspect of the ABDOMINAL CAVITY. It is bounded laterally by the borders of the quadratus lumborum muscles and extends from the DIAPHRAGM to the brim of the true PELVIS, where it continues as the pelvic extraperitoneal space.Pseudomyxoma Peritonei: A condition characterized by poorly-circumscribed gelatinous masses filled with malignant mucin-secreting cells. Forty-five percent of pseudomyxomas arise from the ovary, usually in a mucinous cystadenocarcinoma (CYSTADENOCARCINOMA, MUCINOUS), which has prognostic significance. Pseudomyxoma peritonei must be differentiated from mucinous spillage into the peritoneum by a benign mucocele of the appendix. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Cecal Diseases: Pathological developments in the CECUM.Hernia: Protrusion of tissue, structure, or part of an organ through the bone, muscular tissue, or the membrane by which it is normally contained. Hernia may involve tissues such as the ABDOMINAL WALL or the respiratory DIAPHRAGM. Hernias may be internal, external, congenital, or acquired.Retroperitoneal NeoplasmsAbdominal Abscess: An abscess located in the abdominal cavity, i.e., the cavity between the diaphragm above and the pelvis below. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Diverticulitis: Inflammation of a DIVERTICULUM or diverticula.Back: The rear surface of an upright primate from the shoulders to the hip, or the dorsal surface of tetrapods.Jejunal Diseases: Pathological development in the JEJUNUM region of the SMALL INTESTINE.Peritoneal Lavage: Washing out of the peritoneal cavity. The procedure is a diagnostic as well as a therapeutic technique following abdominal trauma or inflammation.Enterocolitis, Neutropenic: A syndrome characterized by inflammation in the ILEUM, the CECUM, and the ASCENDING COLON. It is observed in cancer patients with CHEMOTHERAPY-induced NEUTROPENIA or in other immunocompromised individuals (IMMUNOCOMPROMISED HOST).Entomology: A discipline or occupation concerned with the study of INSECTS, including the biology and the control of insects.Fascia: Layers of connective tissue of variable thickness. The superficial fascia is found immediately below the skin; the deep fascia invests MUSCLES, nerves, and other organs.Diverticulum: A pouch or sac developed from a tubular or saccular organ, such as the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Drosophila Proteins: Proteins that originate from insect species belonging to the genus DROSOPHILA. The proteins from the most intensely studied species of Drosophila, DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER, are the subject of much interest in the area of MORPHOGENESIS and development.Radiation Dosage: The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).Sutures: Materials used in closing a surgical or traumatic wound. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Astacoidea: A superfamily of various freshwater CRUSTACEA, in the infraorder Astacidea, comprising the crayfish. Common genera include Astacus and Procambarus. Crayfish resemble lobsters, but are usually much smaller.Megacolon: Dilatation of the COLON, often to alarming dimensions. There are various types of megacolon including congenital megacolon in HIRSCHSPRUNG DISEASE, idiopathic megacolon in CONSTIPATION, and TOXIC MEGACOLON.Colostomy: The surgical construction of an opening between the colon and the surface of the body.Dermoid Cyst: A tumor consisting of displaced ectodermal structures along the lines of embryonic fusion, the wall being formed of epithelium-lined connective tissue, including skin appendages, and containing keratin, sebum, and hair. (Stedman, 25th ed)Elephantiasis: Hypertrophy and thickening of tissues from causes other than filarial infection, the latter being described as ELEPHANTIASIS, FILARIAL.Suture Techniques: Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).Incidental Findings: Unanticipated information discovered in the course of testing or medical care. Used in discussions of information that may have social or psychological consequences, such as when it is learned that a child's biological father is someone other than the putative father, or that a person tested for one disease or disorder has, or is at risk for, something else.Stomach Rupture: Bursting of the STOMACH.Vacuum: A space in which the pressure is far below atmospheric pressure so that the remaining gases do not affect processes being carried on in the space.Ileal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer in the ILEUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).Tuberculosis, Gastrointestinal: TUBERCULOSIS that involves any region of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, mostly in the distal ILEUM and the CECUM. In most cases, MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS is the pathogen. Clinical features include ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and palpable mass in the ileocecal area.Bezoars: Concretions of swallowed hair, fruit or vegetable fibers, or similar substances found in the alimentary canal.Drainage: The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.Hematoma: A collection of blood outside the BLOOD VESSELS. Hematoma can be localized in an organ, space, or tissue.Thigh: The portion of the leg in humans and other animals found between the HIP and KNEE.Digestive System Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.Colitis, Ischemic: Inflammation of the COLON due to colonic ISCHEMIA resulting from alterations in systemic circulation or local vasculature.Stomach Volvulus: Twisting of the STOMACH that may result in gastric ISCHEMIA and GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION. It is often associated with DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA.Chylous Ascites: Presence of milky lymph (CHYLE) in the PERITONEAL CAVITY, with or without infection.Actinomycosis: Infections with bacteria of the genus ACTINOMYCES.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Skin Diseases, Papulosquamous: A group of dermatoses with distinct morphologic features. The primary lesion is most commonly a papule, usually erythematous, with a variable degree of scaling on the surface. Plaques form through the coalescing of primary lesions.Peritonitis, Tuberculous: A form of PERITONITIS seen in patients with TUBERCULOSIS, characterized by lesion either as a miliary form or as a pelvic mass on the peritoneal surfaces. Most patients have ASCITES, abdominal swelling, ABDOMINAL PAIN, and other systemic symptoms such as FEVER; WEIGHT LOSS; and ANEMIA.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Insufflation: The act of blowing a powder, vapor, or gas into any body cavity for experimental, diagnostic, or therapeutic purposes.Bees: Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.Colon, Sigmoid: A segment of the COLON between the RECTUM and the descending colon.Hepatomegaly: Enlargement of the liver.Pneumoperitoneum, Artificial: Deliberate introduction of air into the peritoneal cavity.Umbilicus: The pit in the center of the ABDOMINAL WALL marking the point where the UMBILICAL CORD entered in the FETUS.Injury Severity Score: An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.Intestine, Small: The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.Diaphragm: The musculofibrous partition that separates the THORACIC CAVITY from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY. Contraction of the diaphragm increases the volume of the thoracic cavity aiding INHALATION.Larva: Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.Jejunal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer in the JEJUNUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).Thoracic Wall: The outer margins of the thorax containing SKIN, deep FASCIA; THORACIC VERTEBRAE; RIBS; STERNUM; and MUSCLES.Peritoneum: A membrane of squamous EPITHELIAL CELLS, the mesothelial cells, covered by apical MICROVILLI that allow rapid absorption of fluid and particles in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. The peritoneum is divided into parietal and visceral components. The parietal peritoneum covers the inside of the ABDOMINAL WALL. The visceral peritoneum covers the intraperitoneal organs. The double-layered peritoneum forms the MESENTERY that suspends these organs from the abdominal wall.Adrenal Gland Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the ADRENAL GLANDS.Meckel Diverticulum: A congenital abnormality characterized by the outpouching or sac formation in the ILEUM. It is a remnant of the embryonic YOLK SAC in which the VITELLINE DUCT failed to close.Cholecystitis, Acute: Acute inflammation of the GALLBLADDER wall. It is characterized by the presence of ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and LEUKOCYTOSIS. Gallstone obstruction of the CYSTIC DUCT is present in approximately 90% of the cases.Rectus Abdominis: A long flat muscle that extends along the whole length of both sides of the abdomen. It flexes the vertebral column, particularly the lumbar portion; it also tenses the anterior abdominal wall and assists in compressing the abdominal contents. It is frequently the site of hematomas. In reconstructive surgery it is often used for the creation of myocutaneous flaps. (From Gray's Anatomy, 30th American ed, p491)Drosophila melanogaster: A species of fruit fly much used in genetics because of the large size of its chromosomes.Radionuclide Imaging: The production of an image obtained by cameras that detect the radioactive emissions of an injected radionuclide as it has distributed differentially throughout tissues in the body. The image obtained from a moving detector is called a scan, while the image obtained from a stationary camera device is called a scintiphotograph.Ovarian Diseases: Pathological processes of the OVARY.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Hydronephrosis: Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.Pancreatitis: INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS. Pancreatitis is classified as acute unless there are computed tomographic or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographic findings of CHRONIC PANCREATITIS (International Symposium on Acute Pancreatitis, Atlanta, 1992). The two most common forms of acute pancreatitis are ALCOHOLIC PANCREATITIS and gallstone pancreatitis.Splenic Infarction: Insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the spleen due to emboli, thrombi, vascular torsion, or pressure that produces a macroscopic area of necrosis. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction: A type of ILEUS, a functional not mechanical obstruction of the INTESTINES. This syndrome is caused by a large number of disorders involving the smooth muscles (MUSCLE, SMOOTH) or the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Splenectomy: Surgical procedure involving either partial or entire removal of the spleen.Whole Body Imaging: The creation of a visual display of the inside of the entire body of a human or animal for the purposes of diagnostic evaluation. This is most commonly achieved by using MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; or POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY.Ovarian Cysts: General term for CYSTS and cystic diseases of the OVARY.Intestinal Volvulus: A twisting in the intestine (INTESTINES) that can cause INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION.Thermoluminescent Dosimetry: The use of a device composed of thermoluminescent material for measuring exposure to IONIZING RADIATION. The thermoluminescent material emits light when heated. The amount of light emitted is proportional to the amount of ionizing radiation to which the material has been exposed.Phlebitis: Inflammation of a vein, often a vein in the leg. Phlebitis associated with a blood clot is called (THROMBOPHLEBITIS).Mesentery: A layer of the peritoneum which attaches the abdominal viscera to the ABDOMINAL WALL and conveys their blood vessels and nerves.Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Ultrasonography, Prenatal: The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.Respiratory-Gated Imaging Techniques: Timing the acquisition of imaging data to specific points in the breathing cycle to minimize image blurring and other motion artifacts. The images are used diagnostically and also interventionally to coordinate radiation treatment beam on/off cycles to protect healthy tissues when they move into the beam field during different times in the breathing cycle.Multiple Trauma: Multiple physical insults or injuries occurring simultaneously.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Cholecystectomy: Surgical removal of the GALLBLADDER.Insect Proteins: Proteins found in any species of insect.Abbreviated Injury Scale: Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).Biopsy: Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.Head: The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.Aorta, Abdominal: The aorta from the DIAPHRAGM to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries.Skin Diseases, Parasitic: Skin diseases caused by ARTHROPODS; HELMINTHS; or other parasites.Barium Sulfate: A compound used as an x-ray contrast medium that occurs in nature as the mineral barite. It is also used in various manufacturing applications and mixed into heavy concrete to serve as a radiation shield.Pain, Referred: A type of pain that is perceived in an area away from the site where the pain arises, such as facial pain caused by lesion of the VAGUS NERVE, or throat problem generating referred pain in the ear.Stomach: An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.Intestinal Diseases: Pathological processes in any segment of the INTESTINE from DUODENUM to RECTUM.Subcutaneous Tissue: Loose connective tissue lying under the DERMIS, which binds SKIN loosely to subjacent tissues. It may contain a pad of ADIPOCYTES, which vary in number according to the area of the body and vary in size according to the nutritional state.Foreign-Body Migration: Migration of a foreign body from its original location to some other location in the body.Choristoma: A mass of histologically normal tissue present in an abnormal location.Cystostomy: Surgical creation of an opening (stoma) in the URINARY BLADDER for drainage.Metamorphosis, Biological: Profound physical changes during maturation of living organisms from the immature forms to the adult forms, such as from TADPOLES to frogs; caterpillars to BUTTERFLIES.Hernia, Diaphragmatic, Traumatic: The type of DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA caused by TRAUMA or injury, usually to the ABDOMEN.Cystadenoma, Mucinous: A multilocular tumor with mucin secreting epithelium. They are most often found in the ovary, but are also found in the pancreas, appendix, and rarely, retroperitoneal and in the urinary bladder. They are considered to have low-grade malignant potential.Appendiceal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the APPENDIX.Adrenal Gland Diseases: Pathological processes of the ADRENAL GLANDS.Extravasation of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Materials: The escape of diagnostic or therapeutic material from the vessel into which it is introduced into the surrounding tissue or body cavity.Infarction: Formation of an infarct, which is NECROSIS in tissue due to local ISCHEMIA resulting from obstruction of BLOOD CIRCULATION, most commonly by a THROMBUS or EMBOLUS.Herniorrhaphy: Surgical procedures undertaken to repair abnormal openings through which tissue or parts of organs can protrude or are already protruding.Rupture: Forcible or traumatic tear or break of an organ or other soft part of the body.Diverticulitis, Colonic: Inflammation of the COLONIC DIVERTICULA, generally with abscess formation and subsequent perforation.Situs Inversus: A congenital abnormality in which organs in the THORAX and the ABDOMEN are opposite to their normal positions (situs solitus) due to lateral transposition. Normally the STOMACH and SPLEEN are on the left, LIVER on the right, the three-lobed right lung is on the right, and the two-lobed left lung on the left. Situs inversus has a familial pattern and has been associated with a number of genes related to microtubule-associated proteins.Cryptorchidism: A developmental defect in which a TESTIS or both TESTES failed to descend from high in the ABDOMEN to the bottom of the SCROTUM. Testicular descent is essential to normal SPERMATOGENESIS which requires temperature lower than the BODY TEMPERATURE. Cryptorchidism can be subclassified by the location of the maldescended testis.Mesothelioma, Cystic: A peritoneal mesothelioma affecting mainly young females and producing cysts of variable size and number lined by a single layer of benign mesothelial cells. The disease follows a benign course and is compatible with a normal life expectancy, requiring occasionally partial excision or decompression for relief of pain or other symptoms. Malignant potential is exceptional. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1345)Grasshoppers: Plant-eating orthopterans having hindlegs adapted for jumping. There are two main families: Acrididae and Romaleidae. Some of the more common genera are: Melanoplus, the most common grasshopper; Conocephalus, the eastern meadow grasshopper; and Pterophylla, the true katydid.Liver Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the LIVER.Colectomy: Excision of a portion of the colon or of the whole colon. (Dorland, 28th ed)Emergency Treatment: First aid or other immediate intervention for accidents or medical conditions requiring immediate care and treatment before definitive medical and surgical management can be procured.Diptera: An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).Physical Examination: Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.Radiopharmaceuticals: Compounds that are used in medicine as sources of radiation for radiotherapy and for diagnostic purposes. They have numerous uses in research and industry. (Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1161)Spiders: Arthropods of the class ARACHNIDA, order Araneae. Except for mites and ticks, spiders constitute the largest order of arachnids, with approximately 37,000 species having been described. The majority of spiders are harmless, although some species can be regarded as moderately harmful since their bites can lead to quite severe local symptoms. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, p508; Smith, Insects and Other Arthropods of Medical Importance, 1973, pp424-430)Diagnostic Errors: Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Respiratory Mechanics: The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.Intestinal Fistula: An abnormal anatomical passage between the INTESTINE, and another segment of the intestine or other organs. External intestinal fistula is connected to the SKIN (enterocutaneous fistula). Internal intestinal fistula can be connected to a number of organs, such as STOMACH (gastrocolic fistula), the BILIARY TRACT (cholecystoduodenal fistula), or the URINARY BLADDER of the URINARY TRACT (colovesical fistula). Risk factors include inflammatory processes, cancer, radiation treatment, and surgical misadventures (MEDICAL ERRORS).Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Bandages: Material used for wrapping or binding any part of the body.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Tissue Adhesions: Pathological processes consisting of the union of the opposing surfaces of a wound.Groin: The external junctural region between the lower part of the abdomen and the thigh.Urinary Bladder Diseases: Pathological processes of the URINARY BLADDER.Flight, Animal: The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.Radiometry: The measurement of radiation by photography, as in x-ray film and film badge, by Geiger-Mueller tube, and by SCINTILLATION COUNTING.Radiography: Examination of any part of the body for diagnostic purposes by means of X-RAYS or GAMMA RAYS, recording the image on a sensitized surface (such as photographic film).Ileus: A condition caused by the lack of intestinal PERISTALSIS or INTESTINAL MOTILITY without any mechanical obstruction. This interference of the flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS often leads to INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION. Ileus may be classified into postoperative, inflammatory, metabolic, neurogenic, and drug-induced.Vena Cava, Inferior: The venous trunk which receives blood from the lower extremities and from the pelvic and abdominal organs.Urinary Bladder Calculi: Stones in the URINARY BLADDER; also known as vesical calculi, bladder stones, or cystoliths.Genes, Insect: The functional hereditary units of INSECTS.Pheochromocytoma: A usually benign, well-encapsulated, lobular, vascular tumor of chromaffin tissue of the ADRENAL MEDULLA or sympathetic paraganglia. The cardinal symptom, reflecting the increased secretion of EPINEPHRINE and NOREPINEPHRINE, is HYPERTENSION, which may be persistent or intermittent. During severe attacks, there may be HEADACHE; SWEATING, palpitation, apprehension, TREMOR; PALLOR or FLUSHING of the face, NAUSEA and VOMITING, pain in the CHEST and ABDOMEN, and paresthesias of the extremities. The incidence of malignancy is as low as 5% but the pathologic distinction between benign and malignant pheochromocytomas is not clear. (Dorland, 27th ed; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1298)
(1/299) Primary repair of cornual rupture occurring at 21 weeks gestation and successful pregnancy outcome.

The successful delivery in a 31 year old woman at 33 weeks gestation is reported, after repair to a cornual rupture which occurred at 21 weeks gestation. The patient exhibited acute abdominal pain and pending shock. Emergency laparotomy showed a cornual rupture and an intrauterine vital fetus having intact amnion membrane. On the patient's family's insistence, primary repair for a cornual rupture was performed and preservation of the fetus attempted. Postoperatively, tocolytic agent with ritodrine hydrochloride was administered and close follow-up of the patient was uneventful. The patient had a smooth obstetric course until 33 weeks gestation when premature rupture of the membranes occurred, soon followed by the onset of labour. She underwent an elective Caesarean section and delivered a normal male fetus weighing 2140 g with Apgar scores at 1, 5 and 10 min of 6, 8, and 9 respectively. Because of this successful outcome, we suggest that primary repair for such an unusual patient should be accepted.  (+info)

(2/299) Pelvic abscess in the second half of pregnancy after oocyte retrieval for in-vitro fertilization: case report.

We describe a very late manifestation of pelvic abscesses after oocyte retrieval for in-vitro fertilization (IVF). In a twin pregnancy achieved after intracytoplasmic sperm injection, rupture of bilateral ovarian abscesses occurred at the end of the second trimester. An emergency laparotomy was necessary because of an acute abdomen. This complication led to severe maternal and neonatal morbidity, preterm birth and neonatal death. The rare occurrence of acute abdomen in pregnancy due to pelvic infection and the non-specific symptoms of a pelvic abscess after oocyte retrieval for IVF are discussed.  (+info)

(3/299) Neutrophil activation in sickle cell disease.

Vascular occlusion is the main cause of the morbidity and mortality observed in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). Increasing evidence indicates that (activated) neutrophils could play an important role in the initiation and propagation of vaso-occlusive processes in SCD. In this study, the activation state of neutrophils in sickle cell patients was analyzed by determining the level of expression of neutrophil antigens such as CD62L, CD11b, CD66b, CD63, and Fcgamma receptors. We also analyzed plasma levels of lactoferrin, elastase, soluble (s)CD16 (sFcgammaRIII), and serum levels of soluble (s)CD62L (sL-selectin) as neutrophil activation markers in these patients. Significant differences were observed in the activation state of neutrophils in non-symptomatic sickle cell patients compared to healthy HbAA controls as exemplified by significant decrease in L-selectin expression, enhanced expression of CD64, and increased levels of soluble markers like sL-selectin, elastase, and sCD16. During vaso-occlusive crisis the differences were even more pronounced. These results show neutrophils to be activated in sickle cell patients, suggesting a role of importance in the pathophysiology of sickle cell disease.  (+info)

(4/299) Non-traumatic acute abdomen: videolaparoscopic approach.

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Although videolaparoscopy has been considered a safe method for many elective procedures, its use in traumatic and non-traumatic acute abdomen needs to be evaluated. The aim of this article is to evaluate the role of videolaparoscopy in non-traumatic acute abdomen as a method of diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: Between January 1992 and December 1996, 462 patients' charts were reviewed, retrospectively. Patients were admitted to the emergency room of Sao Rafael Hospital with symptoms of non-traumatic acute abdomen. Routine investigation of abdominal pain was performed in all patients, followed by videolaparoscopy. The laparoscopic procedures were done with four main purposes: diagnosis (ie, enteritis); diagnosis and treatment (ie, appendicitis); treatment only, when the diagnosis was known (ie, acute cholecystitis); and in cases where the conversion to conventional laparotomy was necessary, indicating the best incision. RESULTS: The vast majority of patients had inflammatory causes of acute abdomen (82.03%); others causes were hemoperitoneum (11.03%), bowel obstruction (3.25%), perforation of a hollow viscera (1.74%), vascular occlusion (1.3%), and negative laparoscopy (0.65%). CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that laparotomy was necessary in only 7.14% of the patients. The videolaparoscopic approach was used for diagnosis (99.35%) and treatment (92.86%) of patients with acute abdomen.  (+info)

(5/299) Measurement for breath concentration of hydrogen and methane in horses.

This study concerns the establishment of a simple testing method for breath concentration of hydrogen and methane in horses. Twenty-eight healthy thoroughbreds and 24 Arabians were used. Breath samples were collected using one-minute closed circulatory respiration through an aluminum bag filled with 10 liters of pure oxygen, which was mounted on the subjects by means of a face mask. Breath samples obtained, were analyzed by gas chromatography. A significant correlation in both hydrogen and methane levels was observed for samples collected at separate times. These findings confirmed the usefulness of our approach for testing breath concentrations of hydrogen and methane in horses.  (+info)

(6/299) Survey of surgical emergencies in a rural population in the Northern Areas of Pakistan.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of specific surgical emergencies in a mountainous rural community in the Northern Areas of Pakistan and to assess use of existing health services, and outcomes related to acute surgical illness events. METHOD: A cross-sectional population-based survey was conducted. Interviewers visited each of 118 villages in the study area (population 100000), selected a random sample from a total of 9900 households, and interviewed the oldest premenopausal female member (n = 836). Questions were focused on injury, acute abdomen, and/or maternal morbidity occurring in the past year. Cases were included as surgical emergencies when one or more index clinical features indicating a potential for surgical intervention were present. Mortality from a wider range of surgical emergencies was also elicited based on the respondent's lifetime knowledge of the household. RESULTS: The incidence rates were 1531/100000 persons per year for injuries; 1364/100000 for acute abdomen, and 16462/100000 for maternal morbidity. The rate of injuries was 2.7 times higher and that of acute abdomen twice as high in males as in females. The injury rate decreased with advancing age, being 13 times higher in children < 5 years than in adults > 40. By contrast, the rate for acute abdomen showed a rise with advancing age, being 8 times higher in the > 40 age group than in under-fives. Burns, falls and road accidents, in that order, were the commonest forms of injury accounting for 82% of 138 cases. Of 43 burn casualties, 46% were in the age group < 5 years; there was no gender bias. Of 71 casualties from falls and road accidents, 85% were aged 6-40 years; there was 6 : 1 male predominance. The maternal morbidity rate was highest in the age group 25-35 years and may be attributed to the high pregnancy rate in this age bracket. Of 408 patients with acute surgical illness, 85% were managed initially at home or close to home in a health centre, dispensary or civil hospital; 32% eventually sought specialist surgical care. The overall rate for minor and major surgical procedures was 411/100000 persons per year (lowest estimate), and appeared to be low. The rate of operative deliveries at 11.8/1000 deliveries (lowest estimate) was particularly low. The mortality rates were correspondingly high: 55/100000 persons per year for injuries and for acute abdomen (lowest estimates). The maternal mortality ratio was particularly high at 8.9/1000 deliveries (lowest estimate). Annual mortality rates derived from deaths recalled during the respondent's lifetime in the household (mean period = 26 years), tended to corroborate the results of the 1-year survey. CONCLUSION: The incidence rates for broad categories of serious acute surgical illness in the study population far exceeded the rates of acute surgical intervention. Mortality rates were correspondingly high. Such evidence points to a large unmet surgical need and ought to spur improvements in the health service.  (+info)

(7/299) Hemoperitoneum is an initial presentation of recurrent granulosa cell tumors of the ovary.

Ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors account for less than 5% of all ovarian carcinoma, of which granulosa cell tumors account for 70%. These tumors have a propensity for indolent growth and late recurrence; they may even occur 25 years after initial treatment. We report a 44-year-old woman with hemoperitoneum (acute abdomen) after initial treatment 10 years earlier for granulosa cell tumor of the ovary. This case re-emphasizes the need for long-term follow-up in patients with stromal cell tumors of the ovary and considers the possibility of recurrence when presented with acute abdomen after conservative treatment.  (+info)

(8/299) A British family with herediatary pancreatitis.

A family with hereditary pancreatitis is described. Nine family members definitely have had pancreatitis, whilst 15 more are suspected of having the disease. The condition presents as recurrent attacks of epigastric or central abdominal pain, sometimes radiating to the back, often associated with vomiting. The attacks of pain usually last three to four days. The inheritance fits well with an autosomal dominant pattern with limited penetrance, as it does in other families described in the literature. There is no aminoaciduria as has been described in some previously reported families. The attacks of pain start in childhood or young adult life (mean age of onset inthis family is 12-6 years) and appear to cease in this family by the age of 40 years. The diagnosis of pancreatitis in members of the family who have had confirmed pancreatitis was made by finding a raised serum amylase concentration in four cases, at laparotomy in four cases, and by pancreatic calcification seen on radiography in one case, The literature on the condition is reviewed, and it is speculated that the condition may have been underdiagnosed in Britain.  (+info)

*  Abdominal guarding
Guarding is a characteristic finding in the physical examination for an abruptly painful abdomen (an acute abdomen) with ... Abdominal guarding is the tensing of the abdominal wall muscles to guard inflamed organs within the abdomen from the pain of ...
*  Valentino's syndrome
In medicine, Valentino's syndrome is pain presenting in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen caused by a duodenal ulcer with ... Acute Appendicitis: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2013 Edition: ScholarlyBrief. ScholarlyEditions. 2013. p. 36 ...
*  McBurney's point
... is the name given to the point over the right side of the abdomen that is one-third of the distance from the ... Deep tenderness at McBurney's point, known as McBurney's sign, is a sign of acute appendicitis. The clinical sign of referred ... Thus, this sign is highly useful but neither necessary nor sufficient to make a diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Also, the ... Tenderness at McBurney's point suggests the evolution of acute appendicitis to a later stage, and thus, the increased ...
*  Abdominal pain
Acute abdomen can be defined as severe, persistent abdominal pain of sudden onset that is likely to require surgical ... One of the most common conditions associated with acute abdominal pain is acute appendicitis. Traumatic: blunt or perforating ... Common causes of pain in the abdomen include gastroenteritis and irritable bowel syndrome. About 10% of people have a more ... Such tests include: Computed tomography of the abdomen/pelvis Abdominal or pelvic ultrasound Endoscopy and/or colonoscopy The ...
*  Abdominal trauma
The small intestine takes up a large part of the abdomen and is likely to be damaged in penetrating injury. The bowel may be ... Acute Surgical Management. World Scientific Publishing Company. pp. 327-33. ISBN 981-238-681-5. Archived from the original on ... Abdominal trauma is an injury to the abdomen. It may be blunt or penetrating and may involve damage to the abdominal organs. ... People injured in motor vehicle collisions may present with a "seat belt sign," bruising on the abdomen along the site of the ...
*  Acute abdomen
Acute appendicitis Acute peptic ulcer and its complications Acute cholecystitis Acute pancreatitis Acute intestinal ischemia ( ... Acute abdomen of the ischemic variety is usually due to: A thromboembolism from the left side of the heart, such as may be ... An acute abdomen refers to a sudden, severe abdominal pain. It is in many cases a medical emergency, requiring urgent and ... Acute ischemic abdomen is a surgical emergency. Typically, treatment involves removal of the region of the bowel that has ...
*  Gastrointestinal perforation
Langell, JT; Mulvihill, SJ (May 2008). "Gastrointestinal perforation and the acute abdomen". The Medical clinics of North ... In any case, the abdomen becomes rigid with tenderness and rebound tenderness. After some time the abdomen becomes silent and ... "Acute Perforation". Merck Manuals. Archived from the original on July 10, 2016. Retrieved June 30, 2016. Sharma AK, Sharma RK, ... Patient stops passing flatus and motion, abdomen is distended. The symptoms of esophageal rupture may include sudden onset of ...
*  Psoas sign
Cope's early diagnosis of the acute abdomen (21st ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-517545-X. Acute appendicitis ... Huang, Ih-Ping; Smith, C Daniel (August 2006). "Cope's Early Diagnosis of the Acute Abdomen, 21st Edition". Annals of Surgery. ... ISBN 978-93-5025-944-3. Augustin, Goran (12 May 2014). Acute Abdomen During Pregnancy. Springer. p. 8. ISBN 978-3-319-05422-3. ... is a medical sign that indicates irritation to the iliopsoas group of hip flexors in the abdomen, and consequently indicates ...
*  Alder's sign
ISBN 978-93-5025-838-5. Augustin, Goran (12 May 2014). Acute Abdomen During Pregnancy. Springer. pp. 8-. ISBN 978-3-319-05422-3 ...
*  Arapov's contracture
Augustin, Goran (12 May 2014). Acute Abdomen During Pregnancy. Springer. p. 8. ISBN 978-3-319-05422-3. ...
*  Appendix (anatomy)
The acute abdomen and intestinal obstruction". In Parks, Rowan W.; Garden, O. James; Carter, David John; Bradbury, Andrew W.; ... The appendix is usually located in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen, near the right hip bone. The base of the appendix ... Its position within the abdomen corresponds to a point on the surface known as McBurney's point. The appendix is connected to ... Pain often begins in the center of the abdomen, corresponding to the appendix's development as part of the embryonic midgut. ...
*  Haleh Sahabi
She had the symptoms of acute abdomen; nevertheless, a final diagnosis could have been made only through autopsy." However, ... I witnessed signs of beating on the left side of her abdomen right below her ribs, and guess that it should have been a severe ...
*  Peritonitis
One part or the entire abdomen may be tender. Complications may include shock and acute respiratory distress syndrome. Causes ... Peritonitis is an example of an acute abdomen. Diffuse abdominal rigidity ("abdominal guarding") is often present, especially ... Peritonitis is inflammation of the peritoneum, the lining of the inner wall of the abdomen and cover of the abdominal organs. ... However, peritonitis may also be caused by the rare case of a sterile foreign body inadvertently left in the abdomen after ...
*  Paracentesis
Absolute contraindication is acute abdomen that requires surgery. Relative contraindications are:[citation needed] Pregnancy ... The patient is positioned in the bed with the head elevated at 45-60 degrees to allow fluid to accumulate in lower abdomen. ... After cleaning the side of the abdomen with an antiseptic solution, the physician numbs a small area of skin and inserts a ...
*  Zachary Cope
Early Diagnosis of the Acute Abdomen 1939 - Pioneers in Acute Abdominal Surgery - Oxford 1947 - The Diagnosis of the Acute ... 1965 - A History of the Acute Abdomen Between the ages of 75 years and 85 years, Cope wrote seven biographies including William ... Balfour, Tom (2006). "Review: Cope's Early Diagnosis of the Acute Abdomen". Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 99 (1): ... Cope, Zachary; Silen, William (January 2010). Cope's Early Diagnosis of the Acute Abdomen (22nd ed.). New York: Oxford ...
*  Alvarado score
Augustin, Goran (12 May 2014). Acute Abdomen During Pregnancy. Springer. p. 8. ISBN 978-3-319-05422-3. Douglas, CD (14 October ... A score of 5 or 6 is compatible with the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. A score of 7 or 8 indicates a probable appendicitis, ... Kalan, M; Talbot, D; Cunliffe, WJ; Rich, AJ (Nov 1994). "Evaluation of the modified Alvarado score in the diagnosis of acute ... Chan, MY; Teo, BS; Ng, BL (September 2001). "The Alvarado score and acute appendicitis". Annals of the Academy of Medicine, ...
*  Lassa fever
"Lassa fever presenting as acute abdomen: a case series". Virology Journal. 10: 124. doi:10.1186/1743-422X-10-123. PMC 3639802 ... After an incubation period of six to 21 days, an acute illness with multiorgan involvement develops. Nonspecific symptoms ... "A prospective study of maternal and fetal outcome in acute Lassa fever infection during pregnancy". BMJ. 297 (6648): 584-7. doi ...
*  Obturator sign
Cope's early diagnosis of the acute abdomen (21st ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-517545-X. Acute appendicitis ... Huang, Ih-Ping; Smith, C Daniel (August 2006). "Cope's Early Diagnosis of the Acute Abdomen, 21st Edition". Annals of Surgery. ... In the clinical context, it is performed when acute appendicitis is suspected. In this condition, the appendix becomes inflamed ...
*  Mesenteric ischemia
Cope, Zachary; Silen, William (April 2005). Cope's Early Diagnosis of the Acute Abdomen (21st ed.). New York: Oxford University ... Acute disease often presents with sudden severe pain. Symptoms may come on more slowly in those with acute on chronic disease. ... In the case of prompt diagnosis and therapy, acute mesenteric ischemia can be reversible. Acute mesenteric ischemia was first ... Treatment of acute ischemia may include stenting or medications to break down the clot provided at the site of obstruction by ...
*  Carnett's sign
Thomson H, Francis DM (November 1977). "Abdominal-wall tenderness: A useful sign in the acute abdomen". Lancet. 2 (8047): 1053- ... In medicine, Carnett's sign is a finding on clinical examination in which (acute) abdominal pain remains unchanged or increases ... Cartwright SL, Knudson MP (April 2008). "Evaluation of acute abdominal pain in adults". Am Fam Physician. 77 (7): 971-8. PMID ... usually in the lower abdomen. There is frequently a plausible precipitating factor such as local trauma, a bout of coughing or ...
*  Epiploic appendagitis
Omental infarction: Omental infarction is uncommon reason for acute abdomen. It is similar to acute appendicitis. The pain is ... Implications of diagnostic imaging of the acute abdomen iRADiX Radiology Teaching file Epiploic Appendagitis Macrorad ... or central regions of the abdomen. There is sometimes nausea and vomiting. The symptoms may mimic those of acute appendicitis, ... Patients with acute epiploic appendagitis do not normally report a change in bowel habits, while a small number may have ...
*  Sri Siddhartha Medical College
Causes of decreased vision after cataract surgery ( < 6/24 ). Surgery Acute abdomen - correlation between clinical radiological ...
*  Ectopic decidua
Balta, Anita (2014). "Deciduosis of the Appendix Manifesting as Acute Abdomen in Pregnancy". ACTA CHIRURGICA LATVIENSIS (1). ...
*  Docusate
... is contraindicated in patients with appendicitis, acute abdomen, or ileus. It is not suitable for the treatment of ...
*  Infarction
It has to be differentiated from other causes of acute abdomen. Limb: Limb infarction is an infarction of an arm or leg. Causes ... Although it can occur asymptomatically, the typical symptom is severe pain in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen, sometimes ...
*  Falana
Fore wings with acute apex. Outer margin excised below apex, and produced to a rounded lobe at center and point at vein 2. A ... Abdomen with dorsal tuft on first segment, keeled below, with pairs of flattened scale-like plates. Femur with scaly tufts at ...
*  Splenic infarction
It has to be differentiated from other causes of acute abdomen. An abdominal CT scan is the most commonly used modality to ... rare cause of acute abdomen, only seldom requires splenectomy. Case report and literature review". Ann Ital Chir. 78 (6): 529- ... Although it can occur asymptomatically, the typical symptom is severe pain in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen, sometimes ... Görg C, Seifart U, Görg K (2004). "Acute, complete splenic infarction in cancer patient is associated with a fatal outcome". ...
Acute Abdomen and Appendicitis - Lets Talk Health  Acute Abdomen and Appendicitis - Let's Talk Health
... acute abdomen'. Conditions resulting in an acute abdomen can cause serious complications, sometimes even death. ... Acute abdomen refers to the clinical situation in which a sudden change in the condition of the intra-abdominal organs - ... Let us consider the most common cause of acute abdomen , appendicitis , and learn about the diagnosis and treatment . ... AbdomenAbdominoplastyAbnormal Utrine BleedingACacidityACL injuriesAcoustic neuroma in childrenActive ChildrenAcute Abdomen and ...
more infohttps://www.apollohospitals.com/lets-talk-health/acute-abdomen-and-appendicitis-2/
Acute abdomen - Wikipedia  Acute abdomen - Wikipedia
Acute appendicitis Acute peptic ulcer and its complications Acute cholecystitis Acute pancreatitis Acute intestinal ischemia ( ... Acute abdomen of the ischemic variety is usually due to: A thromboembolism from the left side of the heart, such as may be ... An acute abdomen refers to a sudden, severe abdominal pain. It is in many cases a medical emergency, requiring urgent and ... Acute ischemic abdomen is a surgical emergency. Typically, treatment involves removal of the region of the bowel that has ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acute_abdomen
Acute appendicitis synonyms, Acute appendicitis antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com  Acute appendicitis synonyms, Acute appendicitis antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com
Antonyms for Acute appendicitis. 3 words related to appendicitis: inflammation, redness, rubor. What are synonyms for Acute ... Acute appendicitis was the most common cause of acute abdomen (56.. Acute abdomen; pre and post-laparotomy diagnosis ... redirected from Acute appendicitis). Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Encyclopedia.. Related to Acute appendicitis: chronic ... Visceral pain associated with ailments such as gallstones, acute pancreatitis, acute appendicitis, and diverticulitis are the ...
more infohttps://www.freethesaurus.com/Acute+appendicitis
abdomen acute Protocols and Video...  'abdomen acute' Protocols and Video...
Abdomen, Acute: A clinical syndrome with acute abdominal pain that is severe, localized, and rapid onset. Acute abdomen may be ...
more infohttps://www.jove.com/keyword/abdomen+acute
Acute Abdomen  Acute Abdomen
... (Acute Abdominal Pain; Severe Stomach Ache; Abdominal Cramps; Surgical Abdomen). by Amanda Barrett, MA. ... "Acute abdomen" is the medical term used for pain in the abdomen that usually comes on suddenly and is so severe that one may ... This Acute Abdomen page on EmpowHER Women's Health works best with javascript enabled in your browser.. Toggle navigation ... The symptoms of acute abdomen have a variety of causes. If you experience any one of them, see your physician. *Persistent, ...
more infohttp://www.empowher.com/media/reference/acute-abdomen
The Equine Acute Abdomen, 3rd Edition | Wiley  The Equine Acute Abdomen, 3rd Edition | Wiley
The Equine Acute Abdomen, Third Editionis the preeminent text on diagnosing and treating acute abdominal diseases in horses, ... The definitive guide to acute abdominal disorders in equine patients, fully updated and revised to reflect the latest ... The Equine Acute Abdomen, Third Editionis the preeminent text on diagnosing and treating acute abdominal diseases in horses, ... The Equine Acute Abdomen, 3rd Edition. Anthony T. Blikslager (Editor), Nathaniel A. White II (Editor), James N. Moore (Editor) ...
more infohttps://www.wiley.com/en-us/The+Equine+Acute+Abdomen%2C+3rd+Edition-p-9781119063261
Wiley-VCH - The Equine Acute Abdomen  Wiley-VCH - The Equine Acute Abdomen
Sons The Equine Acute Abdomen Written and edited by leading experts on equine digestive diseases, The Equine Acute Abdomen, ... The Equine Acute Abdomen, Third Editionis the preeminent text on diagnosing and treating acute abdominal diseases in horses, ... The Equine Acute Abdomen. Blikslager, Anthony T. / White, Nathaniel A. / Moore, James N. / Mair, Tim S. (eds.) ... Imaging of the Abdomen. Anne Desrochers. Chapter 24. Decision for Surgery and Referral. Nathaniel A. White. Chapter 25. ...
more infohttp://www.wiley-vch.de/de?option=com_eshop&view=product&isbn=9781119063216&title=The%20Equine%20Acute%20Abdomen
Acute abdomen | Define Acute abdomen at Dictionary.com  Acute abdomen | Define Acute abdomen at Dictionary.com
Acute abdomen definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it up ... A serious condition within the abdomen characterized by sudden onset, pain, tenderness, and muscular rigidity, and usually ...
more infohttps://www.dictionary.com/browse/acute-abdomen
Small Bowel Perforation due to Gossypiboma Caused Acute Abdomen  Small Bowel Perforation due to Gossypiboma Caused Acute Abdomen
... Tahsin Colak, Tolga Olmez, Ozgur Turkmenoglu, and Ahmet Dag ... Tahsin Colak, Tolga Olmez, Ozgur Turkmenoglu, and Ahmet Dag, "Small Bowel Perforation due to Gossypiboma Caused Acute Abdomen ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/cris/2013/219354/cta/
Spontaneous Uterine Perforation of Pyometra Presenting as Acute Abdomen  Spontaneous Uterine Perforation of Pyometra Presenting as Acute Abdomen
S. F. Lim, S. L. Lee, A. K. H. Chiow, C. S. Foo, A. S. Y. Wong, and S. M. Tan, "Rare cause of acute surgical abdomen with free ... A differential diagnosis in acute abdomen," Annales Chirurgiae et Gynaecologiae, vol. 74, no. 6, pp. 294-295, 1985. View at ... Spontaneous Uterine Perforation of Pyometra Presenting as Acute Abdomen. Toshihiro Kitai,1 Kentaro Okuno,1 Hiromi Ugaki,1 ... P. K. Saha, P. Gupta, R. Mehra, P. Gael, and A. Huria, "Spontaneous perforation of pyometra presented as an acute abdomen: a ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/criog/2014/738568/
ESGAR Acute Abdomen Workshop  ESGAR Acute Abdomen Workshop
"The ESGAR Acute Abdomen Workshop, Helsinki, Finland, 29/08/2019-30/08/2019 has been accredited by the European Accreditation ... Acute biliary conditions. J.B.C.M. Puylaert, The Hague/NL. 14:50. Acute pancreatitis: diagnosis and intervention. T. Talvikki ...
more infohttps://www.esgar.org/index.php?id=271
Acute Abdomen | SpringerLink  Acute Abdomen | SpringerLink
The acute abdomen refers to an acute abdominal pain with an unclear etiology of less than 24-h duration. It is a common ... The acute abdomen refers to an acute abdominal pain with an unclear etiology of less than 24-h duration. It is a common ... Acute Abdomen Acute Urinary Retention Renal Infarction Ureteral Colic Abdominal Disorder These keywords were added by machine ... Imkamp F. (2014) Acute Abdomen. In: Merseburger A., Kuczyk M., Moul J. (eds) Urology at a Glance. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-54859-8_24
Vesalius Clinical Folios: The Acute Abdomen  Vesalius Clinical Folios: The Acute Abdomen
Multiple other conditions can mimic an acute surgical abdomen: the prodromal phase of herpes zoster (see shingles (herpes ... Clinical Folios: Abdomen, Biliary/Pancreatic, Breast, Cardiothoracic, Colorectal, Embryology, Genitourinary, Gynecology, Head ...
more infohttp://www.vesalius.com/cfoli_frms.asp?VID=1236&StartFrame=25&tnVID=1237
Vesalius Clinical Folios: The Acute Abdomen  Vesalius Clinical Folios: The Acute Abdomen
Clinical Folios: Abdomen, Biliary/Pancreatic, Breast, Cardiothoracic, Colorectal, Embryology, Genitourinary, Gynecology, Head ... The superior mesenteric artery (see SMA embolus), with its acute angled takeoff is particularly vulnerable and dangerous ... ischemia results in hyperperistalsis and severe colicy pain out of proportion to the findings on palpating the abdomen. Because ...
more infohttp://www.vesalius.com/cfoli_frms.asp?VID=1236&StartFrame=19&tnVID=1237
The acute abdomen - a surgical emergency - DoctorMyhill  The acute abdomen - a surgical emergency - DoctorMyhill
An acute abdomen is a surgical emergency in which the patient must be seen urgently by a doctor - DON'T WASTE TIME WITH THIS ... Common causes of acute abdomen. There may be several causes, with a further array of symptoms: Appendicitis. Starts with ... THE ACUTE ABDOMEN IS ALWAYS DIFFICULT, EVEN FOR EXPERIENCED DOCTORS. GET HELP! ... An acute abdomen should always been considered with any bowel symptom. The early warning symptoms are often the same as for ...
more infohttps://drmyhill.co.uk/wiki/The_acute_abdomen
Medical Dictionary: Acute Abdomen - CureResearch.com  Medical Dictionary: Acute Abdomen - CureResearch.com
Medical dictionary definition of Acute Abdomen as a medical term including diseases, symptoms, treatments, and other medical ... Medical Dictionary: Acute Abdomen Medical dictionaries: Medical dictionary, Medical malpractice dictionary, Medical Acronymns/ ...
more infohttp://cureresearch.com/medical/acute_abdomen.htm
Acute Abdomen During Pregnancy | Springer for Research & Development  Acute Abdomen During Pregnancy | Springer for Research & Development
... and efficiently treat most of the acute abdominal disorders that may be encountered in the pregnant patient, whether associated ... Acute Abdomen During Pregnancy is designed to meet the needs of both the gynecologist and the general or abdominal surgeon, who ... such as acute appendicitis and acute cholecystitis. The principles underlying diagnosis and therapy are clearly explained. ... This book will help the reader to recognize, diagnose, and efficiently treat most of the acute abdominal disorders that may be ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-319-05422-3
The Acute Abdomen. | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of Physicians  The Acute Abdomen. | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of Physicians
The Acute Abdomen.. Ann Intern Med. 1974;81:143. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-81-1-143_9 ... diagnostic signs and the mechanisms behind them in the major acute problems of abdominal disease. ...
more infohttps://annals.org/aim/article-abstract/688685/acute-abdomen
Sabinet | The acute abdomen : review  Sabinet | The acute abdomen : review
... acute abdomen' is used to describe a spectrum of gynaecological, medical, surgical and urological conditions, ranging from ... The term "acute abdomen" is used to describe a spectrum of gynaecological, medical, surgical and urological conditions, ranging ... n Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum - The acute abdomen : review * Navigate this Journal ...
more infohttp://journals.co.za/content/medog/26/2/EJC187834
Helical Computed Tomography in Evaluation of Selected Cases of Acute Abdomen  Helical Computed Tomography in Evaluation of Selected Cases of Acute Abdomen
During the last years, a trend towards increased use of computed tomography in patients with acute abdomen can be seen. ... Contrast-enhanced CT was highly sensitive for acute aortic syndrome and therefore the CT imaging protocols must be adjusted in ... Aortic Aneurysm Rupture and acute cholecystitis). According to this work findings, non-contrast CT after ultrasound is ... Acute abdomen is a common presentation in emergency medicine. It represents 5% to 10% of all Emergency Department (ED) visits. ...
more infohttp://scirp.org/journal/paperinformation.aspx?paperid=50777
  • Acute cholecystitis, caused by gallstones in the gallbladder. (apollohospitals.com)
  • The aim of the present study was to investigate the possibility of optimizing Helical CT parameters in the protocol and emphasize the CT features of selected cases of disorders related acute abdominal complain at the Emergency Department both in general and in a number of selected conditions (Urolithiasis, Aortic Aneurysm Rupture and acute cholecystitis). (scirp.org)
  • High small intestinal ileus caused by obstruction of the horizontal segment of the duodenum due to acute gastric dilatation is a rare, potentially fatal (gastric necrosis, gastric rupture) complication of extreme overeating. (aerzteblatt.de)
  • As opposed to common abdominal pain, which can be caused by minor issues such as constipation or gas, acute abdominal pain can signal a variety of more serious conditions, some of which require immediate medical care and/or surgery. (empowher.com)
  • A serious condition within the abdomen characterized by sudden onset, pain, tenderness, and muscular rigidity, and usually requiring emergency surgery. (dictionary.com)
  • Her abdomen was distended, with tenderness in the lower portion. (hindawi.com)
  • It manifests on physical examination as rebound tenderness, or pain upon removal of pressure more than on application of pressure to the abdomen. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wang, J.H., Shen, S.H., Huang, S.S. and Chang, C.Y. (2008) Prospective Comparison of Unenhanced Spiral Computed Tomography and Intravenous Urography in the Evaluation of Acute Renal Colic. (scirp.org)
  • Emergency Radiology of the Abdomen: Imaging Features and Differential Diagnosis for a Timely Management Approach. (wikipedia.org)
  • This chapter focuses specifically on immunosuppressed patients who present with an acute abdomen and the differential diagnosis, presentation, and management of each of these pathologies. (springer.com)
  • Contrast-enhanced CT was highly sensitive for acute aortic syndrome and therefore the CT imaging protocols must be adjusted in order to minimize dose from radiation. (scirp.org)
  • Mindelzun, R.E. and Jeffrey, R.B. (1999) The Acute Abdomen: Current CT Imaging Techniques. (scirp.org)
  • 2004) Acute Aortic Dissection: Population-Based Incidence Compared with Degenerative Aortic Aneurysm Rupture. (scirp.org)
  • Jastaniah, S. and Salih, A. (2014) Helical Computed Tomography in Evaluation of Selected Cases of Acute Abdomen. (scirp.org)
  • The ESGAR Acute Abdomen Workshop, Helsinki, Finland, 29/08/2019-30/08/2019 has been accredited by the European Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (EACCME®) with 12 European CME credits (ECMEC®s). (esgar.org)
  • The psoas sign, also known as Cope's psoas test or Obraztsova's sign, is a medical sign that indicates irritation to the iliopsoas group of hip flexors in the abdomen, and consequently indicates that the inflamed appendix is retrocaecal in orientation (as the iliopsoas muscle is retroperitoneal). (wikipedia.org)
  • case report In an unusual presentation of an acute abdomen, the attending doctors had to make a choice of whether or not to operate. (journals.co.za)