Abdomen: That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.Abdomen, Acute: A clinical syndrome with acute abdominal pain that is severe, localized, and rapid in onset. Acute abdomen may be caused by a variety of disorders, injuries, or diseases.Radiography, Abdominal: Radiographic visualization of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, i.e., within the peritoneal cavity.Abdominal Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving organs in the abdominal cavity.Abdominal NeoplasmsLaparotomy: Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.Abdominal Wound Closure Techniques: Methods to repair breaks in abdominal tissues caused by trauma or to close surgical incisions during abdominal surgery.Thorax: The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Abdominal Cavity: The region in the abdomen extending from the thoracic DIAPHRAGM to the plane of the superior pelvic aperture (pelvic inlet). The abdominal cavity contains the PERITONEUM and abdominal VISCERA, as well as the extraperitoneal space which includes the RETROPERITONEAL SPACE.Abdominal Pain: Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.Abdominal Wall: The outer margins of the ABDOMEN, extending from the osteocartilaginous thoracic cage to the PELVIS. Though its major part is muscular, the abdominal wall consists of at least seven layers: the SKIN, subcutaneous fat, deep FASCIA; ABDOMINAL MUSCLES, transversalis fascia, extraperitoneal fat, and the parietal PERITONEUM.Intestinal Obstruction: Any impairment, arrest, or reversal of the normal flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS toward the ANAL CANAL.Pneumoperitoneum: A condition with trapped gas or air in the PERITONEAL CAVITY, usually secondary to perforation of the internal organs such as the LUNG and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, or to recent surgery. Pneumoperitoneum may be purposely introduced to aid radiological examination.Appendicitis: Acute inflammation of the APPENDIX. Acute appendicitis is classified as simple, gangrenous, or perforated.Mesenteric Cyst: A rare intra-abdominal tumor in the MESENTERY. Mesenteric cysts are usually benign and can be very large fluid-filled (2000 mL) lesions.Pelvis: The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.Intestinal Perforation: Opening or penetration through the wall of the INTESTINES.Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy: The application of a vacuum across the surface of a wound through a foam dressing cut to fit the wound. This removes wound exudates, reduces build-up of inflammatory mediators, and increases the flow of nutrients to the wound thus promoting healing.Wounds, Nonpenetrating: Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.Torsion Abnormality: An abnormal twisting or rotation of a bodily part or member on its axis.Abdominal Muscles: Muscles forming the ABDOMINAL WALL including RECTUS ABDOMINIS, external and internal oblique muscles, transversus abdominis, and quadratus abdominis. (from Stedman, 25th ed)Rupture, Spontaneous: Tear or break of an organ, vessel or other soft part of the body, occurring in the absence of external force.Pelvic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the pelvic region.Wounds, Stab: Penetrating wounds caused by a pointed object.Compartment Syndromes: Conditions in which increased pressure within a limited space compromises the BLOOD CIRCULATION and function of tissue within that space. Some of the causes of increased pressure are TRAUMA, tight dressings, HEMORRHAGE, and exercise. Sequelae include nerve compression (NERVE COMPRESSION SYNDROMES); PARALYSIS; and ISCHEMIC CONTRACTURE.Laparoscopy: A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.Thoracic Injuries: General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.Fatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.Colonic Diseases: Pathological processes in the COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).Pupa: An inactive stage between the larval and adult stages in the life cycle of insects.Ileal Diseases: Pathological development in the ILEUM including the ILEOCECAL VALVE.Omentum: A double-layered fold of peritoneum that attaches the STOMACH to other organs in the ABDOMINAL CAVITY.Wounds, Penetrating: Wounds caused by objects penetrating the skin.Peritoneal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERITONEUM.Hemoperitoneum: Accumulations of blood in the PERITONEAL CAVITY due to internal HEMORRHAGE.Lymphangioma, Cystic: A cystic growth originating from lymphatic tissue. It is usually found in the neck, axilla, or groin.Wounds, Gunshot: Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.Appendectomy: Surgical removal of the vermiform appendix. (Dorland, 28th ed)Hernia, Ventral: A hernia caused by weakness of the anterior ABDOMINAL WALL due to midline defects, previous incisions, or increased intra-abdominal pressure. Ventral hernias include UMBILICAL HERNIA, incisional, epigastric, and spigelian hernias.Tuberculosis, Splenic: Infection of the spleen with species of MYCOBACTERIUM.Buttocks: Either of two fleshy protuberances at the lower posterior section of the trunk or HIP in humans and primate on which a person or animal sits, consisting of gluteal MUSCLES and fat.Cysts: Any fluid-filled closed cavity or sac that is lined by an EPITHELIUM. Cysts can be of normal, abnormal, non-neoplastic, or neoplastic tissues.Surgical Wound Dehiscence: Pathologic process consisting of a partial or complete disruption of the layers of a surgical wound.Appendix: A worm-like blind tube extension from the CECUM.Intussusception: A form of intestinal obstruction caused by the PROLAPSE of a part of the intestine into the adjoining intestinal lumen. There are four types: colic, involving segments of the LARGE INTESTINE; enteric, involving only the SMALL INTESTINE; ileocecal, in which the ILEOCECAL VALVE prolapses into the CECUM, drawing the ILEUM along with it; and ileocolic, in which the ileum prolapses through the ileocecal valve into the COLON.Radiography, Thoracic: X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs.Thoracic NeoplasmsTreatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Abscess: Accumulation of purulent material in tissues, organs, or circumscribed spaces, usually associated with signs of infection.Wandering Spleen: A congenital or acquired condition in which the SPLEEN is not in its normal anatomical position but moves about in the ABDOMEN. This is due to laxity or absence of suspensory ligaments which normally provide peritoneal attachments to keep the SPLEEN in a fixed position. Clinical symptoms include ABDOMINAL PAIN, splenic torsion and ISCHEMIA.Splenic RupturePneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis: A condition characterized by the presence of multiple gas-filled cysts in the intestinal wall, the submucosa and/or subserosa of the INTESTINE. The majority of the cysts are found in the JEJUNUM and the ILEUM.Cholecystitis: Inflammation of the GALLBLADDER; generally caused by impairment of BILE flow, GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, infections, or other diseases.Peritoneal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the PERITONEUM.Ribs: A set of twelve curved bones which connect to the vertebral column posteriorly, and terminate anteriorly as costal cartilage. Together, they form a protective cage around the internal thoracic organs.Sigmoid Diseases: Pathological processes in the SIGMOID COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).Ultrasonography: The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.Splenic DiseasesUterine Perforation: A hole or break through the wall of the UTERUS, usually made by the placement of an instrument or INTRAUTERINE DEVICES.Peritonitis: INFLAMMATION of the PERITONEUM lining the ABDOMINAL CAVITY as the result of infectious, autoimmune, or chemical processes. Primary peritonitis is due to infection of the PERITONEAL CAVITY via hematogenous or lymphatic spread and without intra-abdominal source. Secondary peritonitis arises from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY itself through RUPTURE or ABSCESS of intra-abdominal organs.Ascites: Accumulation or retention of free fluid within the peritoneal cavity.Hernia, Abdominal: A protrusion of abdominal structures through the retaining ABDOMINAL WALL. It involves two parts: an opening in the abdominal wall, and a hernia sac consisting of PERITONEUM and abdominal contents. Abdominal hernias include groin hernia (HERNIA, FEMORAL; HERNIA, INGUINAL) and VENTRAL HERNIA.Lipectomy: Removal of localized SUBCUTANEOUS FAT deposits by SUCTION CURETTAGE or blunt CANNULATION in the cosmetic correction of OBESITY and other esthetic contour defects.Surgical Mesh: Any woven or knit material of open texture used in surgery for the repair, reconstruction, or substitution of tissue. The mesh is usually a synthetic fabric made of various polymers. It is occasionally made of metal.Drosophila: A genus of small, two-winged flies containing approximately 900 described species. These organisms are the most extensively studied of all genera from the standpoint of genetics and cytology.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Foreign Bodies: Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.Retroperitoneal Space: An area occupying the most posterior aspect of the ABDOMINAL CAVITY. It is bounded laterally by the borders of the quadratus lumborum muscles and extends from the DIAPHRAGM to the brim of the true PELVIS, where it continues as the pelvic extraperitoneal space.Pseudomyxoma Peritonei: A condition characterized by poorly-circumscribed gelatinous masses filled with malignant mucin-secreting cells. Forty-five percent of pseudomyxomas arise from the ovary, usually in a mucinous cystadenocarcinoma (CYSTADENOCARCINOMA, MUCINOUS), which has prognostic significance. Pseudomyxoma peritonei must be differentiated from mucinous spillage into the peritoneum by a benign mucocele of the appendix. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Cecal Diseases: Pathological developments in the CECUM.Hernia: Protrusion of tissue, structure, or part of an organ through the bone, muscular tissue, or the membrane by which it is normally contained. Hernia may involve tissues such as the ABDOMINAL WALL or the respiratory DIAPHRAGM. Hernias may be internal, external, congenital, or acquired.Retroperitoneal NeoplasmsAbdominal Abscess: An abscess located in the abdominal cavity, i.e., the cavity between the diaphragm above and the pelvis below. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Diverticulitis: Inflammation of a DIVERTICULUM or diverticula.Back: The rear surface of an upright primate from the shoulders to the hip, or the dorsal surface of tetrapods.Jejunal Diseases: Pathological development in the JEJUNUM region of the SMALL INTESTINE.Peritoneal Lavage: Washing out of the peritoneal cavity. The procedure is a diagnostic as well as a therapeutic technique following abdominal trauma or inflammation.Enterocolitis, Neutropenic: A syndrome characterized by inflammation in the ILEUM, the CECUM, and the ASCENDING COLON. It is observed in cancer patients with CHEMOTHERAPY-induced NEUTROPENIA or in other immunocompromised individuals (IMMUNOCOMPROMISED HOST).Entomology: A discipline or occupation concerned with the study of INSECTS, including the biology and the control of insects.Fascia: Layers of connective tissue of variable thickness. The superficial fascia is found immediately below the skin; the deep fascia invests MUSCLES, nerves, and other organs.Diverticulum: A pouch or sac developed from a tubular or saccular organ, such as the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Drosophila Proteins: Proteins that originate from insect species belonging to the genus DROSOPHILA. The proteins from the most intensely studied species of Drosophila, DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER, are the subject of much interest in the area of MORPHOGENESIS and development.Radiation Dosage: The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).Sutures: Materials used in closing a surgical or traumatic wound. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Astacoidea: A superfamily of various freshwater CRUSTACEA, in the infraorder Astacidea, comprising the crayfish. Common genera include Astacus and Procambarus. Crayfish resemble lobsters, but are usually much smaller.Megacolon: Dilatation of the COLON, often to alarming dimensions. There are various types of megacolon including congenital megacolon in HIRSCHSPRUNG DISEASE, idiopathic megacolon in CONSTIPATION, and TOXIC MEGACOLON.Colostomy: The surgical construction of an opening between the colon and the surface of the body.Dermoid Cyst: A tumor consisting of displaced ectodermal structures along the lines of embryonic fusion, the wall being formed of epithelium-lined connective tissue, including skin appendages, and containing keratin, sebum, and hair. (Stedman, 25th ed)Elephantiasis: Hypertrophy and thickening of tissues from causes other than filarial infection, the latter being described as ELEPHANTIASIS, FILARIAL.Suture Techniques: Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).Incidental Findings: Unanticipated information discovered in the course of testing or medical care. Used in discussions of information that may have social or psychological consequences, such as when it is learned that a child's biological father is someone other than the putative father, or that a person tested for one disease or disorder has, or is at risk for, something else.Stomach Rupture: Bursting of the STOMACH.Vacuum: A space in which the pressure is far below atmospheric pressure so that the remaining gases do not affect processes being carried on in the space.Ileal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer in the ILEUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).Tuberculosis, Gastrointestinal: TUBERCULOSIS that involves any region of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, mostly in the distal ILEUM and the CECUM. In most cases, MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS is the pathogen. Clinical features include ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and palpable mass in the ileocecal area.Bezoars: Concretions of swallowed hair, fruit or vegetable fibers, or similar substances found in the alimentary canal.Drainage: The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.Hematoma: A collection of blood outside the BLOOD VESSELS. Hematoma can be localized in an organ, space, or tissue.Thigh: The portion of the leg in humans and other animals found between the HIP and KNEE.Digestive System Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.Colitis, Ischemic: Inflammation of the COLON due to colonic ISCHEMIA resulting from alterations in systemic circulation or local vasculature.Stomach Volvulus: Twisting of the STOMACH that may result in gastric ISCHEMIA and GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION. It is often associated with DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA.Chylous Ascites: Presence of milky lymph (CHYLE) in the PERITONEAL CAVITY, with or without infection.Actinomycosis: Infections with bacteria of the genus ACTINOMYCES.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Skin Diseases, Papulosquamous: A group of dermatoses with distinct morphologic features. The primary lesion is most commonly a papule, usually erythematous, with a variable degree of scaling on the surface. Plaques form through the coalescing of primary lesions.Peritonitis, Tuberculous: A form of PERITONITIS seen in patients with TUBERCULOSIS, characterized by lesion either as a miliary form or as a pelvic mass on the peritoneal surfaces. Most patients have ASCITES, abdominal swelling, ABDOMINAL PAIN, and other systemic symptoms such as FEVER; WEIGHT LOSS; and ANEMIA.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Insufflation: The act of blowing a powder, vapor, or gas into any body cavity for experimental, diagnostic, or therapeutic purposes.Bees: Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.Colon, Sigmoid: A segment of the COLON between the RECTUM and the descending colon.Hepatomegaly: Enlargement of the liver.Pneumoperitoneum, Artificial: Deliberate introduction of air into the peritoneal cavity.Umbilicus: The pit in the center of the ABDOMINAL WALL marking the point where the UMBILICAL CORD entered in the FETUS.Injury Severity Score: An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.Intestine, Small: The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.Diaphragm: The musculofibrous partition that separates the THORACIC CAVITY from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY. Contraction of the diaphragm increases the volume of the thoracic cavity aiding INHALATION.Larva: Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.Jejunal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer in the JEJUNUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).Thoracic Wall: The outer margins of the thorax containing SKIN, deep FASCIA; THORACIC VERTEBRAE; RIBS; STERNUM; and MUSCLES.Peritoneum: A membrane of squamous EPITHELIAL CELLS, the mesothelial cells, covered by apical MICROVILLI that allow rapid absorption of fluid and particles in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. The peritoneum is divided into parietal and visceral components. The parietal peritoneum covers the inside of the ABDOMINAL WALL. The visceral peritoneum covers the intraperitoneal organs. The double-layered peritoneum forms the MESENTERY that suspends these organs from the abdominal wall.Adrenal Gland Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the ADRENAL GLANDS.Meckel Diverticulum: A congenital abnormality characterized by the outpouching or sac formation in the ILEUM. It is a remnant of the embryonic YOLK SAC in which the VITELLINE DUCT failed to close.Cholecystitis, Acute: Acute inflammation of the GALLBLADDER wall. It is characterized by the presence of ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and LEUKOCYTOSIS. Gallstone obstruction of the CYSTIC DUCT is present in approximately 90% of the cases.Rectus Abdominis: A long flat muscle that extends along the whole length of both sides of the abdomen. It flexes the vertebral column, particularly the lumbar portion; it also tenses the anterior abdominal wall and assists in compressing the abdominal contents. It is frequently the site of hematomas. In reconstructive surgery it is often used for the creation of myocutaneous flaps. (From Gray's Anatomy, 30th American ed, p491)Drosophila melanogaster: A species of fruit fly much used in genetics because of the large size of its chromosomes.Radionuclide Imaging: The production of an image obtained by cameras that detect the radioactive emissions of an injected radionuclide as it has distributed differentially throughout tissues in the body. The image obtained from a moving detector is called a scan, while the image obtained from a stationary camera device is called a scintiphotograph.Ovarian Diseases: Pathological processes of the OVARY.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Hydronephrosis: Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.Pancreatitis: INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS. Pancreatitis is classified as acute unless there are computed tomographic or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographic findings of CHRONIC PANCREATITIS (International Symposium on Acute Pancreatitis, Atlanta, 1992). The two most common forms of acute pancreatitis are ALCOHOLIC PANCREATITIS and gallstone pancreatitis.Splenic Infarction: Insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the spleen due to emboli, thrombi, vascular torsion, or pressure that produces a macroscopic area of necrosis. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction: A type of ILEUS, a functional not mechanical obstruction of the INTESTINES. This syndrome is caused by a large number of disorders involving the smooth muscles (MUSCLE, SMOOTH) or the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Splenectomy: Surgical procedure involving either partial or entire removal of the spleen.Whole Body Imaging: The creation of a visual display of the inside of the entire body of a human or animal for the purposes of diagnostic evaluation. This is most commonly achieved by using MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; or POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY.Ovarian Cysts: General term for CYSTS and cystic diseases of the OVARY.Intestinal Volvulus: A twisting in the intestine (INTESTINES) that can cause INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION.Thermoluminescent Dosimetry: The use of a device composed of thermoluminescent material for measuring exposure to IONIZING RADIATION. The thermoluminescent material emits light when heated. The amount of light emitted is proportional to the amount of ionizing radiation to which the material has been exposed.Phlebitis: Inflammation of a vein, often a vein in the leg. Phlebitis associated with a blood clot is called (THROMBOPHLEBITIS).Mesentery: A layer of the peritoneum which attaches the abdominal viscera to the ABDOMINAL WALL and conveys their blood vessels and nerves.Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Ultrasonography, Prenatal: The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.Respiratory-Gated Imaging Techniques: Timing the acquisition of imaging data to specific points in the breathing cycle to minimize image blurring and other motion artifacts. The images are used diagnostically and also interventionally to coordinate radiation treatment beam on/off cycles to protect healthy tissues when they move into the beam field during different times in the breathing cycle.Multiple Trauma: Multiple physical insults or injuries occurring simultaneously.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Cholecystectomy: Surgical removal of the GALLBLADDER.Insect Proteins: Proteins found in any species of insect.Abbreviated Injury Scale: Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).Biopsy: Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.Head: The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.Aorta, Abdominal: The aorta from the DIAPHRAGM to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries.Skin Diseases, Parasitic: Skin diseases caused by ARTHROPODS; HELMINTHS; or other parasites.Barium Sulfate: A compound used as an x-ray contrast medium that occurs in nature as the mineral barite. It is also used in various manufacturing applications and mixed into heavy concrete to serve as a radiation shield.Pain, Referred: A type of pain that is perceived in an area away from the site where the pain arises, such as facial pain caused by lesion of the VAGUS NERVE, or throat problem generating referred pain in the ear.Stomach: An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.Intestinal Diseases: Pathological processes in any segment of the INTESTINE from DUODENUM to RECTUM.Subcutaneous Tissue: Loose connective tissue lying under the DERMIS, which binds SKIN loosely to subjacent tissues. It may contain a pad of ADIPOCYTES, which vary in number according to the area of the body and vary in size according to the nutritional state.Foreign-Body Migration: Migration of a foreign body from its original location to some other location in the body.Choristoma: A mass of histologically normal tissue present in an abnormal location.Cystostomy: Surgical creation of an opening (stoma) in the URINARY BLADDER for drainage.Metamorphosis, Biological: Profound physical changes during maturation of living organisms from the immature forms to the adult forms, such as from TADPOLES to frogs; caterpillars to BUTTERFLIES.Hernia, Diaphragmatic, Traumatic: The type of DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA caused by TRAUMA or injury, usually to the ABDOMEN.Cystadenoma, Mucinous: A multilocular tumor with mucin secreting epithelium. They are most often found in the ovary, but are also found in the pancreas, appendix, and rarely, retroperitoneal and in the urinary bladder. They are considered to have low-grade malignant potential.Appendiceal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the APPENDIX.Adrenal Gland Diseases: Pathological processes of the ADRENAL GLANDS.Extravasation of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Materials: The escape of diagnostic or therapeutic material from the vessel into which it is introduced into the surrounding tissue or body cavity.Infarction: Formation of an infarct, which is NECROSIS in tissue due to local ISCHEMIA resulting from obstruction of BLOOD CIRCULATION, most commonly by a THROMBUS or EMBOLUS.Herniorrhaphy: Surgical procedures undertaken to repair abnormal openings through which tissue or parts of organs can protrude or are already protruding.Rupture: Forcible or traumatic tear or break of an organ or other soft part of the body.Diverticulitis, Colonic: Inflammation of the COLONIC DIVERTICULA, generally with abscess formation and subsequent perforation.Situs Inversus: A congenital abnormality in which organs in the THORAX and the ABDOMEN are opposite to their normal positions (situs solitus) due to lateral transposition. Normally the STOMACH and SPLEEN are on the left, LIVER on the right, the three-lobed right lung is on the right, and the two-lobed left lung on the left. Situs inversus has a familial pattern and has been associated with a number of genes related to microtubule-associated proteins.Cryptorchidism: A developmental defect in which a TESTIS or both TESTES failed to descend from high in the ABDOMEN to the bottom of the SCROTUM. Testicular descent is essential to normal SPERMATOGENESIS which requires temperature lower than the BODY TEMPERATURE. Cryptorchidism can be subclassified by the location of the maldescended testis.Mesothelioma, Cystic: A peritoneal mesothelioma affecting mainly young females and producing cysts of variable size and number lined by a single layer of benign mesothelial cells. The disease follows a benign course and is compatible with a normal life expectancy, requiring occasionally partial excision or decompression for relief of pain or other symptoms. Malignant potential is exceptional. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1345)Grasshoppers: Plant-eating orthopterans having hindlegs adapted for jumping. There are two main families: Acrididae and Romaleidae. Some of the more common genera are: Melanoplus, the most common grasshopper; Conocephalus, the eastern meadow grasshopper; and Pterophylla, the true katydid.Liver Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the LIVER.Colectomy: Excision of a portion of the colon or of the whole colon. (Dorland, 28th ed)Emergency Treatment: First aid or other immediate intervention for accidents or medical conditions requiring immediate care and treatment before definitive medical and surgical management can be procured.Diptera: An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).Physical Examination: Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.Radiopharmaceuticals: Compounds that are used in medicine as sources of radiation for radiotherapy and for diagnostic purposes. They have numerous uses in research and industry. (Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1161)Spiders: Arthropods of the class ARACHNIDA, order Araneae. Except for mites and ticks, spiders constitute the largest order of arachnids, with approximately 37,000 species having been described. The majority of spiders are harmless, although some species can be regarded as moderately harmful since their bites can lead to quite severe local symptoms. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, p508; Smith, Insects and Other Arthropods of Medical Importance, 1973, pp424-430)Diagnostic Errors: Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Respiratory Mechanics: The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.Intestinal Fistula: An abnormal anatomical passage between the INTESTINE, and another segment of the intestine or other organs. External intestinal fistula is connected to the SKIN (enterocutaneous fistula). Internal intestinal fistula can be connected to a number of organs, such as STOMACH (gastrocolic fistula), the BILIARY TRACT (cholecystoduodenal fistula), or the URINARY BLADDER of the URINARY TRACT (colovesical fistula). Risk factors include inflammatory processes, cancer, radiation treatment, and surgical misadventures (MEDICAL ERRORS).Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Bandages: Material used for wrapping or binding any part of the body.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Tissue Adhesions: Pathological processes consisting of the union of the opposing surfaces of a wound.Groin: The external junctural region between the lower part of the abdomen and the thigh.Urinary Bladder Diseases: Pathological processes of the URINARY BLADDER.Flight, Animal: The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.Radiometry: The measurement of radiation by photography, as in x-ray film and film badge, by Geiger-Mueller tube, and by SCINTILLATION COUNTING.Radiography: Examination of any part of the body for diagnostic purposes by means of X-RAYS or GAMMA RAYS, recording the image on a sensitized surface (such as photographic film).Ileus: A condition caused by the lack of intestinal PERISTALSIS or INTESTINAL MOTILITY without any mechanical obstruction. This interference of the flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS often leads to INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION. Ileus may be classified into postoperative, inflammatory, metabolic, neurogenic, and drug-induced.Vena Cava, Inferior: The venous trunk which receives blood from the lower extremities and from the pelvic and abdominal organs.Urinary Bladder Calculi: Stones in the URINARY BLADDER; also known as vesical calculi, bladder stones, or cystoliths.Genes, Insect: The functional hereditary units of INSECTS.Pheochromocytoma: A usually benign, well-encapsulated, lobular, vascular tumor of chromaffin tissue of the ADRENAL MEDULLA or sympathetic paraganglia. The cardinal symptom, reflecting the increased secretion of EPINEPHRINE and NOREPINEPHRINE, is HYPERTENSION, which may be persistent or intermittent. During severe attacks, there may be HEADACHE; SWEATING, palpitation, apprehension, TREMOR; PALLOR or FLUSHING of the face, NAUSEA and VOMITING, pain in the CHEST and ABDOMEN, and paresthesias of the extremities. The incidence of malignancy is as low as 5% but the pathologic distinction between benign and malignant pheochromocytomas is not clear. (Dorland, 27th ed; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1298)

Embryonal feather growth in the chicken. (1/2268)

Prenatal feather growth development in the chicken was studied in 7 body regions in HH stages 27-45, using direct measurements, specific histological and immunohistochemical methods, and scanning electron microscopy. The results from measurements of absolute length values, and, particularly, growth rate development in each HH stage revealed a distinct phase of most intensive growth in HH stage 40-41, which was preceded by feather follicle insertion and accompanied by the occurrence of alpha-keratins in barbule cells. Specific regional evaluation demonstrated that growth in the feather follicles of abdominal skin generally showed the slowest progression from absolute values and that in the feather filaments of the developing wings the most rapid progression occurred during HH stage 40-41 from growth rate values.  (+info)

A pilot study on the human body vibration induced by low frequency noise. (2/2268)

To understand the basic characteristics of the human body vibration induced by low frequency noise and to use it to evaluate the effects on health, we designed a measuring method with a miniature accelerometer and carried out preliminary measurements. Vibration was measured on the chest and abdomen of 6 male subjects who were exposed to pure tones in the frequency range of 20 to 50 Hz, where the method we designed was proved to be sensitive enough to detect vibration on the body surface. The level and rate of increase with frequency of the vibration turned out to be higher on the chest than on the abdomen. This difference was considered to be due to the mechanical structure of the human body. It also turned out that the measured noise-induced vibration negatively correlated with the subject's BMI (Body Mass Index), which suggested that the health effects of low frequency noise depended not only on the mechanical structure but also on the physical constitution of the human body.  (+info)

Mechanisms of acute inflammatory lung injury induced by abdominal sepsis. (3/2268)

Sequestration of neutrophils and release of histotoxic mediators are considered important for the development of pathologic alterations of the lung defined as adult respiratory distress syndrome. Mechanisms of inflammatory lung injury caused by abdominal sepsis were investigated using the colon ascendens stent peritonitis (CASP) model that closely mimics the human disease. In the CASP model, a continuous leakage of intraluminal bacteria into the peritoneal cavity is induced by implantation of a stent in the ascending colon, generating a septic focus. In contrast to the cecal ligation and puncture model of peritonitis, survival of mice following CASP surgery is dependent on IFN-gamma, but independent of tumor necrosis factor (TNF). Here we show that the systemic inflammation induced by CASP surgery results in a rapid and profound increase of lung vascular permeability that was associated with the activation and recruitment of neutrophils to the lung. Activation of circulating granulocytes was characterized by increased production of serine proteinases and reactive oxygen metabolites, as well as elevated expression of cell surface Mac-1. Expression of MIP-2, KC, MIP-1alpha and E-selectin mRNA in lung was strongly increased within 3 h following CASP surgery, whereas up-regulation of IP-10, MCP-1 and P-selectin was delayed. In contrast, induction of RANTES, LIX, ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 mRNA was weak or not detectable after CASP surgery. Importantly, recruitment of leukocytes to the lung was normal in lipopolysaccharide-resistant mice, and was not affected by antibody neutralization of TNF or the chemokines MIP-2 and KC.  (+info)

Gallium-67 scintigraphy and intraabdominal sepsis. Clinical experience in 140 patients with suspected intraabdominal abscess. (4/2268)

In 140 patients with suspected intraabdominal abscess, studies were made using gallium-67 citrate and technetium-99m labeled radiopharmaceuticals. Gallium-67 scintigrams correctly localized 52 of 56 intraabdominal abscesses confirmed at surgical operation or necropsy. In an additional 20 patients in whom findings on scintigrams were abnormal, there were clinically established infections. Sixty-one patients in whom findings on scintigrams were normal were conservatively managed and discharged from the hospital; none proved to have an abscess. Four false-negative and three false-positive studies were recorded. Gallium-67 scintigraphy is a useful noninvasive diagnostic adjunct that should be employed early in the evaluation of patients with suspected intraabdominal sepsis.  (+info)

Endogenous nitric oxide in the maintenance of rat microvascular integrity against widespread plasma leakage following abdominal laparotomy. (5/2268)

1. The role of nitric oxide (NO) in the maintenance of microvascular integrity during minor surgical manipulation has been evaluated in the rat. 2. The NO synthase inhibitors, NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 5 mg kg(-1), s.c.) and N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA, 50 mg kg(-1), s.c.) had no effect on microvascular leakage of radiolabelled albumin over 1 h in the stomach, duodenum, jejunum, colon, lung and kidney in the un-operated conscious or pentobarbitone-anaesthetized rat. 3. In contrast, in anaesthetized rats with a midline abdominal laparotomy (5 cm), L-NAME (1-5 mg kg(-1), s.c.) or L-NMMA (12.5-50 mg kg(-1), s.c.) dose-dependently increased gastrointestinal, renal and pulmonary vascular leakage, effects reversed by L-arginine pretreatment (300 mg kg(-1), s.c., 15 min). These actions were not observed in anaesthetized rats that had only received a midline abdominal skin incision (5 cm). 4. Pretreatment with a rabbit anti-rat neutrophil serum (0.4 ml kg(-1), i.p.), 4 h before laparotomy, abolished the plasma leakage induced by L-NAME in all the organs investigated. 5. These results indicate that the following abdominal laparotomy, inhibition of constitutive NO synthase provokes vascular leakage in the general microcirculation, by a process that may involve neutrophils. Such effects could thus confound studies on the microvascular actions of NO synthase inhibitors using acute surgically prepared in vivo models. The findings thus suggest that constitutively-formed NO has a crucial role in the maintenance of acute microvascular integrity following abdominal surgical intervention.  (+info)

Interleukin-1beta in immune cells of the abdominal vagus nerve: a link between the immune and nervous systems? (6/2268)

Intraperitoneal administration of the cytokine interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) induces brain-mediated sickness symptoms that can be blocked by subdiaphragmatic vagotomy. Intraperitoneal IL-1beta also induces expression of the activation marker c-fos in vagal primary afferent neurons, suggesting that IL-1beta is a key component of vagally mediated immune-to-brain communication. The cellular sources of IL-1beta activating the vagus are unknown, but may reside in either blood or in the vagus nerve itself. We assayed IL-1beta protein after intraperitoneal endotoxin [lipopolysaccharide (LPS)] injection in abdominal vagus nerve, using both an ELISA and immunohistochemistry, and in blood plasma using ELISA. IL-1beta levels in abdominal vagus nerve increased by 45 min after LPS administration and were robust by 60 min. Plasma IL-1beta levels increased by 60 min, whereas little IL-1beta was detected in cervical vagus or sciatic nerve. IL-1beta-immunoreactivity (IR) was expressed in dendritic cells and macrophages within connective tissues associated with the abdominal vagus by 45 min after intraperitoneal LPS injection. By 60 min, some immune cells located within the nerve and vagal paraganglia also expressed IL-1beta-IR. Thus, intraperitoneal LPS induced IL-1beta protein within the vagus in a time-frame consistent with signaling of immune activation. These results suggest a novel mechanism by which IL-1beta may serve as a molecular link between the immune system and vagus nerve, and thus the CNS.  (+info)

Transrectal ultrasonography in the assessment of congenital vaginal canalization defects. (7/2268)

Our aim was to evaluate the reliability of transrectal ultrasonography in the preoperative assessment of congenital vaginal canalization defects. We studied nine patients, six with suspected Rokitansky syndrome and three with suspected complete transverse septum. Before corrective surgery all the patients underwent pelvic examination, transabdominal and transrectal ultrasonography. The ultrasonographic findings were compared with the surgical ones. Transrectal ultrasonography provided an accurate map of the pelvic organs showing the precise distances between the urethra and bladder anteriorly, rectum posteriorly, retrohymenal fovea caudally, and pelvic peritoneum cranially. Transrectal ultrasonography produced a picture that corresponded perfectly with the real anatomical situation. Conversely, abdominal ultrasonography provided inadequate images in six of our nine patients, and magnetic resonance imaging was responsible for a mistaken diagnosis in one patient with suspected transverse vaginal septum. In conclusion, if our results are confirmed in larger series, transrectal ultrasonography could be considered as a diagnostic procedure of choice in the assessment of vaginal canalization defects.  (+info)

Effects of weight loss on regional fat distribution and insulin sensitivity in obesity. (8/2268)

Weight loss (WL) decreases regional depots of adipose tissue and improves insulin sensitivity, two parameters that correlate before WL. To examine the potential relation of WL-induced change in regional adiposity to improvement in insulin sensitivity, 32 obese sedentary women and men completed a 4-month WL program and had repeat determinations of body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and computed tomography) and insulin sensitivity (euglycemic insulin infusion). There were 15 lean men and women who served as control subjects. VO2max was unaltered with WL (39.2 +/- 0.8 vs. 39.8 +/- 1.1 ml x fat-free mass [FFM](-1) x min(-1)). The WL intervention achieved significant decreases in weight (100.2 +/- 2.6 to 85.5 +/- 2.1 kg), BMI (34.3 +/- 0.6 to 29.3 +/- 0.6 kg/m2), total fat mass (FM) (36.9 +/- 1.5 to 26.1 +/- 1.3 kg), percent body fat (37.7 +/- 1.3 to 31.0 +/- 1.5%), and FFM (59.2 +/- 2.3 to 55.8 +/- 2.0 kg). Abdominal subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue (SAT and VAT) were reduced (494 +/- 19 to 357 +/- 18 cm2 and 157 +/- 12 to 96 +/- 7 cm2, respectively). Cross-sectional area of low-density muscle (LDM) at the mid-thigh decreased from 67 +/- 5 to 55 +/- 4 cm2 after WL. Insulin sensitivity improved from 5.9 +/- 0.4 to 7.3 +/- 0.5 mg x FFM(-1) x min(-1) with WL. Rates of insulin-stimulated nonoxidative glucose disposal accounted for the majority of this improvement (3.00 +/- 0.3 to 4.3 +/- 0.4 mg x FFM(-1) x min(-1)). Serum leptin, triglycerides, cholesterol, and insulin all decreased after WL (P < 0.01). After WL, insulin sensitivity continued to correlate with generalized and regional adiposity but, with the exception of the percent decrease in VAT, the magnitude of improvement in insulin sensitivity was not predicted by the various changes in body composition. These interventional weight loss data underscore the potential importance of visceral adiposity in relation to insulin resistance and otherwise suggest that above a certain threshold of weight loss, improvement in insulin sensitivity does not bear a linear relationship to the magnitude of weight loss.  (+info)

Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC) are an under-reported but major cause of perioperative morbidity and mortality. The aim of this prospective, contemporary, multicentre cohort study of unselected patients undergoing major elective abdominal surgery was to determine the incidence and effects of PPC. Data on all major elective abdominal operations performed over a 2-week period in December 2014 were collected in six hospitals. The primary outcome measure of PPC at 7 days was used. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to investigate how different factors were associated with PPC and the effects of such complications. Two hundred sixty-eight major elective abdominal operations were performed, and the internal validation showed that the data set was 99 % accurate. Thirty-two (11.9 %) PPC were reported at 7 days. PPC was more common in patients with a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease compared to those with no history (26.7 vs. 10.2 %, p | 0.001). PPC was not associated
Introduction: Assessment of dehydration in the preoperative setting is of potential clinical value. The present study uses urine analysis and plasma volume kinetics, which have both been validated against induced changes in body water in volunteers, to study the incidence and severity of dehydration before open abdominal surgery begins. Methods: Thirty patients (mean age 64 years) had their urine analysed before major elective open abdominal surgery for colour, specific weight, osmolality and creatinine. The results were scored and the mean taken to represent a dehydration index. Thereafter, the patients received an infusion of 5ml/kg of Ringers acetate intravenously for over 15min. Blood was sampled for 70min and the blood haemoglobin concentration used to estimate the plasma volume kinetics. Results: Distribution of fluid occurred more slowly (Pless than0.01) and the elimination half-life was twice as long (median 40min, not significant) in the 11 patients (37%) diagnosed to be moderately ...
NEW YORK, May 30, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:. Epidemiology: Major Abdominal Surgery - A key risk factor for deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism [1]. http://www.reportlinker.com/p0536561/Epidemiology-Major-Abdominal-Surgery---A-key-risk-factor-for-deep-vein-thrombosis-and-pulmonary-embolism.html?utm_source=prnewswire&utm_medium=pr&utm_campaign=NoCategory [1]. Introduction. In 2010, Datamonitor estimates that there were 7.4 million major abdominal surgeries in the seven major markets. This number is not expected to change significantly, growing to 8.1 million surgeries in 2020.. Features and benefits. * Gain insight to market potential, including a robust 10-year epidemiology forecast of major abdominal surgeries.. * Understand the key epidemiologic risk factors associated with major abdominal surgery and how it is related to deep vein thrombosis.. Highlights. Datamonitors epidemiologists expect to see a ...
The success of any open surgical procedure requires, in part, a wisely chosen incision based upon sound anatomic principles.Incisions for open abdominal surgery will be reviewed here. Closure of the abdominal wall and complications of abdominal wall
Variable ventilation has been shown to improve lung function and reduce lung damage as well as inflammation in different models of the acute respiratory distress syndrome. Also, variable ventilation is able to recruit lungs. The present study will investigate whether variable as compared to non-variable ventilation improves post-operative lung function and reduces systemic inflammation in patients submitted to open abdominal surgery ...
The virtual doctor has found 28 conditions that can cause Abdominal Pain in the Left Lower Abdomen and Repeated Nausea and Vomiting. There are 2 common conditions that can cause Abdominal Pain in the Left Lower Abdomen and Repeated Nausea and Vomiting. There are 7 somewhat common conditions that can cause Abdominal Pain in the Left Lower Abdomen and Repeated Nausea and Vomiting. There are 9 uncommon conditions that can cause Abdominal Pain in the Left Lower Abdomen and Repeated Nausea and Vomiting. There are 10 rare conditions that can cause Abdominal Pain in the Left Lower Abdomen and Repeated Nausea and Vomiting.
Background and aims. Approximately 20% of acute pancreatitis progresses to a severe form characterised by multiple extrapancreatic organ dysfunction. Elevated intra-abdominal pressure (IAP), a frequent finding in these patients, further adds to the mortality. Currently used prognostication indices have their own set of limitations. We evaluated IAP at intensive care unit (ICU) admission as a predictor of mortality in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). Methods. A retrospective analysis of 50 patients with SAP admitted to the ICU of a tertiary-care Indian institute over a period of 3 years was done. Data relating to demographic profile, cause of pancreatitis, ICU admission, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score, IAP, interventions instituted and mortality were analysed. Results. Biliary stones (38%) were the most common cause of acute pancreatitis. Survivors differed from non-survivors with respect to organ failure, APACHE II
Open abdominal surgery may be required in cases of severe pelvic adhesion or serious organ synechia due to previous open abdominal surgery. In the event where an operation is performed by a surgeon with inadequate expertise of laparoscopic surgery, more complications may develop in comparison with that of open abdominal surgery ...
DISCUSSION. Preoperative assessment of patients scheduled to undergo upper abdominal surgery assists the physician in determining preoperative risk. Physiological changes that occur after laparotomy, including alterations in lung volume, ventilatory gas exchange and respiratory defense mechanisms, impose an increased risk of pulmonary complications for susceptible patients. In this study we observed a PPC incidence of 14% (58/408). However, other studies have shown a wide variation, between 10 and 80% in the incidence of PPCs following abdominal surgery.7-10,26,27 This variation occurs because in the literature there is no standard definition of PPCs and so the discrepancy between these findings is understandable. In this study the relatively low incidence of pulmonary complications was due to the fact that patients was undergoing prophylactic measures to avoid such complications, as recommended by the ethical committee. Bronchoconstriction was the most frequent complication observed (50% = ...
Incentive spirometry for prevention of postoperative pulmonary complications in upper abdominal surgery answers are found in the Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of lidocaine/epinephrine test dose administration on the PK profile of a single epidural dose of DepoDur (extended-release epidural morphine) in patients undergoing major upper abdominal surgery. A secondary objective was to evaluate the safety and efficacy profile ...
Radiation-induced intestinal injuries (RIII) commonly occur in patients who suffer from pelvic or abdominal cancer. Nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a key transcriptional regulator of antioxidant, and the radioprotective role of Nrf2 is found in bone marrow, lung, and intestine, etc. Here, we investigated the effect of Nrf2 knockout on radiation-induced intestinal injuries using Nrf2 knockout (Nrf2−/−) mice and wild-type (Nrf2+/+) C57BL/6J mice following 13 Gy abdominal irradiation (ABI). It was found that Nrf2 knockout promoted the survival of irradiated mice, protected the crypt-villus structure of the small intestine, and elevated peripheral blood lymphocyte count and thymus coefficients. The DNA damage of peripheral blood lymphocytes and the apoptosis of intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) of irradiated Nrf2−/− mice were decreased. Furthermore, compared with that of Nrf2+/+ mice, Nrf2 knockout increased the number of Lgr5+ intestinal stem cells (ISCs) and their daughter
To the editor: I found Bell and colleagues article (1) to be timely, because the problem they discuss is distressingly common in the hospital. The data are not particularly surprising but do represent an excellent summary.. As a consultant gastroenterologist, I am particularly interested to learn that the sites of infection found at autopsy of patients with bacteremia included seven peritoneal abscesses. Typically, such a patient has a paralytic ileus with vague and shifting abdominal findings. What to do! As the authors point out, the patients condition is often so precarious as to preclude some diagnostic maneuvers.. What methods have ...
Epicephin Vial Composition : Active ingredient: ceftrtaxone (as the disodium salt). Epicepbln contains approximately 83 mg {3.6 mEq) of sodium per gram of
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Video documentation allows detailed analyses of surgical procedures. It enhances technical improvement by facilitating establishment of standardized
This study set out to investigate the influence of emergency major abdominal surgery on CD4 count among HIV positive patients. We found that major surgery did not significantly reduce CD4 count.. The exact mechanism of CD4 reduction is said to be due to several factors; cell lysis, autoimmune mechanism, anergy, effect of super antigens, apoptosis and virus specific immune responses [6].. Auto immune responses may be evoked by shared structural homology between MHC class II molecules and cellular humoral immune responses directed towards HIV proteins which cross react against self HLA antigens on T cells causing immune destruction.. The role of anergy in CD4 dysfunction is by binding of the glycoprotein 120 to CD4.. Molecules causing them to be refractory to further stimulation and destruction by HIV.. Super antigens are microbial or viral antigens capable of activation of many T-cells, in HIV infection; they render T-cells more susceptible to HIV.. All these factors are worsened by stress which ...
Patient: Why does my lower abdomen hurt when I lie in the prone position?. Doctor: Hello,Thank you for your query at AskTheDoctor.comI understand your concern.Though there is no direct relationsh ip between lying prone and pain in the lower abdomen, it needs to be evaluated by doing an Ultrasound whole abdomen. If there is a liver enlargement due to infections, the pain could arise because of a pressure symptom. Also, a kidney stone or a stone in the urinary tract can cause similar symptoms. But there will be associated symptoms like painful micturition, bleeding in the urine, increase in urinary urgency, e.t.cSo it is better you meet your physician and get a schedule for Ultrasound Whole Abdomen to know the exact cause. If the Ultrasound is normal, then there is nothing to worry about.Hope this was helpful.Regards.. ...
If you are involved in a car accident, please call the office immediately. High levels of stress hormones in the mothers body reduce oxygen to the uterus. Misdiagnosed Miscarriages are fairly common. Due to the pressure exerted by the uterus, urination are still very frequent. Pinky pregnancy second showing early. A large of people has been benefited by getting liposuction done by them. As you do not see any symptoms or signs pain on both sides of lower abdomen early pregnancy pregnancy then it is possible that pain in breast is due to PMS or you are closer to getting your periods. Being a spiritual person is synonymous with being a person whose highest priority is to be loving to ahdomen and others. Your pain on both sides of lower abdomen early pregnancy bet is to follow her lead. Its no easy journey. I was shocked to find out that I was pregnant again just 4 months after the ectopic. Antihistamines and topical steroids may be used to treat pruritus, and systemic corticosteroids may be used ...
If you happen to do make it to (or past) week forty, you may try a number of methods to naturally induce labor on your own But when you reach week forty two of pregnancy prevention of pregnancy induced hypertension, youll be formally thought-about overdue, at which point your doctor will induce labor if it doesnt start on its own. Im filming in my nursery so in case can down syndrome be diagnosed during pregnancy marvel what the background is all about. Be sure you maintain your self and loosen up as a lot as doable. In a nutshell, a superb relationship along with your healthcare provider throughout pregnancy throbbing pain in lower abdomen during pregnancy of immense profit. My throbbing pain in lower abdomen during pregnancy really got here out bottom first as a substitute of foot but i really feel reasured that ought to ive one other breech delievery it does not must be as hectic, worrying and stressful as last time. Batzofin could begin by prescribing a medication reminiscent of Clomid ...
Lower abdomen discomfort can be a symptom of multiple health disorders. Learn the possible causes for feeling heavy in your lower abdomen and what to do.
Question - Having pain in abdominal area, passing thick white watery clumps after having sex. Cause?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Gential infections, Ask an OBGYN, Gynecologic Oncology
I have pain in my anus and lower abdominal area. Right below my belly button. When I cough I have huge sharp pain. Also,when I poop I get the pain and I literally have to get off the toilet and bend ...
Question - what can cause stomach aches and bad odor in abdominal area ?. Ask a Doctor about when and why Ultra sound is advised, Ask a Gastroenterologist, Surgical
Background Surgical access to the abdomen is required for many operative procedures, with approximately 4 million open abdominal surgeries occurring annually in the United States. The measures used to close the abdomen may vary from physician to physician, depending on training, circumstance, and comfort level.
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List of causes of Abdomen sensitivity and Breathing difficulties and Lower abdomen inflammation, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
List of 50 causes for Abdomen rash and Hand and foot rashes in children and Lower abdomen tingling, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
Pain in right upper abdomen - What causes the pain on the right upper abdomen just some centimeters below rib cage? Could be several.... Things, but gall bladder problems are the classic causes. If it continues, please see your doctor.
Full text of Master Techniques in Colon and Rectal Surgery : Abdominal Operations 1st ed. (2012) Editor: Wexner, Steven D.; Fleshman, James W. is available through [email protected] For USC users only. Requires USC network connection. Allows limited number of simultaneous connections.. Usage Restrictions ...
Ceftriaxone is indicated for the treatment of sepsis, meningitis, abdominal infections (peritonitis, infections of the biliary and gastro intestinal tracts), infections of the bones, joints, soft tissue, skin and/or wounds infections in patients with impaired defense mechanism, renal and urinary tract infections, respiratory tract infections, particularly pneumonia, and ear, nose and throat infections, genital infections including gonorrhoea.
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My 28 years old wife had a C-section delivery two years back. She has been |b|experiencing severe pain in the right side of her lower abdomen|/b| even before that. It stays for 3-4 days and moves around from right to left. It is also accompanied with the lower back pain. The frequency of this pain is around once a month and it does not have any connection with her periods. After an ultrasound, it was found that she has 3-4 small size cysts in the right ovary. She had been given a course of antibiotic medicines. This gave her minor relief for a couple of months but then the pain started again. She also experiences severe pain during the first two days of the menstrual cycle. It is so bad that she cannot even go to work. How can my wife get rid of this pain?
Pain in my lower abdomen. Im a female. I also have a lot of bloating. 2 days of pain. I had a cat scan yesterday and - Answered by a verified Doctor
Best options for [Upper Or Lower Abdomen With Contrast CT Scan] cost in [ Thane] and across India at certified labs. Get Discount.
This article is going to talk about lower abdomen pain during pregnancy for women. It will discuss the causes and ways that you can handle your pain safely.
This is my first pregnancy and I am experiencing some pain in my lower abdomen I am 17 weeks along and just want to get advice as to if it is normal or not. I just saw my baby boy during an ultrasound
24 yrs old Male asked about Lower abdomen pain, 1 doctor answered this and 18 people found it useful. Get your query answered 24*7 only on | Practo Consult
28 yrs old Male asked about Pain in lower abdomen, 1 doctor answered this and 65 people found it useful. Get your query answered 24*7 only on | Practo Consult
Burning in lower abdomen can be caused by several conditions, including appendicitis, pelvic inflammation disease and others. Seek medical help and do not diagnose by yourself.
Patient: I have pain in my lower abdomen. When I touch my side it seems as if I have a swelling . It is tender and cylindrical in shape and also seems like a large mass in my left side as well ...
Fluttering in the lower abdomen indicates muscle fatigue, overactivity of the central nervous system, early signs of pregnancy or an electrolyte imbalance, according to SteadyHealth. Problems with...
Im 30 weeks pregnant and Im having really bad sharp pains in my lower abdomen and lower back.. and starting to feel - Answered by a verified OB GYN Doctor
I have been having lower abdomen pain for the last couple of days. It can get really painful when I stand up and walking but also ... Read more on Netmums
USG Lower Abdomen: View Cost, Purpose, Preparation, Preparation, and Book at lowest prices from Labs and diagnostic centers in your city on 1mg.com.
See how others experience numbness in lower abdomen. Join the community to connect with others like you and learn about their real-world experiences.
Question - I have a sharpish painin the right lower abdomen on the pelvic - A4. Find the answer to this and other Medical questions on JustAnswer
Background: Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC) are of the major reasons for death. Prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV) and delayed extubation are leading to the incidence of more seriously complications. The effect of hyperinflation has not been investigated in control of these complications in patients who have been weaned from mechanical ventilation and are undergoing T-tube support. Aim: Investigation of MHI effect on oxygenation of patients following abdominal surgery and T-tube support. Method: This clinical trial was performed on 40 patients undergoing abdominal surgery and T-tube support hospitalized in intensive care units of hospitals in Mashhad, Iran, in 2015-2016. The participants were divided randomly into two experimental and control groups. In the experimental group, MHI technique was performed using Mapleson circuit for three twenty-minute periods. The control group received routine hospital care. The two groups were compared for PaO2, PaCO2 and SpO2 before intervention, 5 and
Restrictive versus liberal fluid therapy in major abdominal surgery. Study Description. The RELIEF trial is a pragmatic international, randomized, assessor-blinded trial, of 3000 patients at increased risk of complications while undergoing major abdominal surgery. Patients were randomised to receive a restrictive or liberal intravenous-fluid regimen during and up to 24 hours after surgery. The primary outcome was disability-free survival at 1 year. Key secondary outcomes were acute kidney injury at 30 days, renal-replacement therapy at 90 day and a composite of septic complications, surgical-site infection, or death.. During and up to 24 hours after surgery, 1490 patients in the restrictive fluid group had a median intravenous-fluid intake of 3.7 litres (interquartile range, 2.9 to 4.9), as compared with 6.1 litres (interquartile range, 5.0 to 7.4) in 1493 patients in the liberal fluid group (P,0.001). The rate of disability-free survival at 1 year was 81.9% in the restrictive fluid group and ...
Meeting for a consultation with a doctor specializing in vascular medicine will give you time to speak with them about conditions or symptoms you have been experiencing relating to the circulatory system outside of the heart. Blockages that occur in the peripheral arteries or veins, or problems with the lymphatic system can be treated by a vascular medicine specialist. At the consultation, they will go over your medical records and possibly order further testing to give you a diagnosis and suggest a treatment plan or surgery ...
A Primary Care Consultation is the first medical care received before a referral is issued. Primary care physicians can evaluate, refer, prescribe prescription medications, or suggest treatment options ...
I am havinv chest pains that start in the upper abdomen and continue up through my sternum area. Frequency is growing. Pain is a dull but annoying one. What can This topic is answered by a medical expert.
sore abdomen - MedHelps sore abdomen Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for sore abdomen. Find sore abdomen information, treatments for sore abdomen and sore abdomen symptoms.
The Abdominal Ultrasound pocketcard app is a comprehensive pocketsized sonography report template It describes normal ultrasound findings and the most common pathologies of the main abdominal organs as well as adjacent organsbrbrThe app
So One Night I Was Just Sitting On My Couch, And All Of A Sudden I Felt A Sharp Stabbing Pain On My Lower Right Side Of My Abdomen And I Thought It Was Nothing At First So I Didnt Tell Anyone Then It Didnt Really Go Away So I Told My Gramma And S
The virtual doctor has found 29 conditions that can cause Abdomen Swollen and Painful Right Upper Abdominal. There is 1 common condition that can cause Abdomen Swollen and Painful Right Upper Abdominal. There are 6 somewhat common conditions that can cause Abdomen Swollen and Painful Right Upper Abdominal. There are 6 uncommon conditions that can cause Abdomen Swollen and Painful Right Upper Abdominal. There are 16 rare conditions that can cause Abdomen Swollen and Painful Right Upper Abdominal.
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Just as in other therapies for cancer, malnourished patients undergoing radiation therapy have increase morbidity and mortality. Radiation therapy can contribute directly to the malnutrition. The effect on the severity of malnutrition and amount of weight loss id dependent on the radiation dose, duration, volume of therapy, and body site being irradiated. Nutritional alterations may be site specific to local therapy. Example of this are nausea and vomiting caused by central nervous system irradiation, and enteritis and malabsorption caused by abdominal irradiation. These acute effects usually improve but may cause the dose of radiation to be limited which, in turn, leads to poorer response rates. As with chemotherapy, there is no evidence that provision of nutritional support to patients receiving radiotheraphy can influence the end result. ...
The first step in reducing your belly fat is to reduce the amount of processed foods youre eating. This doesnt simply mean foods you purchase at the grocery store that say "processed" on the label. Were talking about refined sugars and flours and most carbs in general.. Cut back on your carb intake dramatically and you will start to shed fat from your entire body - your belly being one of those areas.. However, this alone isnt enough to sustain any noticeable fat loss. Youre going to have to put the work in and boost your exercise regimen and boost the amount of energy you burn compared to what you put in.. If youre dropping down to a diet of 1200 calories per day, which is a great way to go in order to lose belly fat, then you want to make sure youre burning at least 2000 calories per day. Familiarize yourself with the caloric content of many foods and learn how much work you have to do to burn off calories.. For eating in particular, try eating smaller portions of four to six meals per ...
As the pill is still getting out of your system, Im sure its nothing to worry about, unless the pain becomes unbearable. If you are lucky it could be early implantation ...
Dr. Wolfe responded: "Pinched nerve"?. You may have what is commonly called a "|a href="/topics/pinched-nerve" track_data="{
like many others here .. id say .. of course go to the doctor .. but remember .. its just a human, in a room, who will hopefully have the knowledge you require, and the will to care to help ... but being human .. its kinda pot luck as to what you will get .. the main thing is, that they refer you to specialist if required .,. but never solely rely on someone to care to help you as much as you would care to help yourself ... Never rely on anyone but yourself, to care the way you require... so well done for researchin yourself .. def keep that up ... but the stress your goin thru alone aint worth it .. go get it checked out so you can relax and get yr life back in order ...
Im only a month off orientation, working in PICU so this is a little new to me. I recently took care of a three month old baby post abdominal surgery. This poor kid has a reanastamosis, lysis of
Cele mai eficiente exercitii pentru abdomen Ai nevoie doar de motivatie, de respect pentru propria persoana pentru a avea un abdomen perfect. Acum ceva timp am gasit cateva exercitii pentru abdomen foarte faine si ma bucur sa vi le fac si voua cunoscute.
Cele mai eficiente exercitii pentru abdomen Ai nevoie doar de motivatie, de respect pentru propria persoana pentru a avea un abdomen perfect. Acum ceva timp am gasit cateva exercitii pentru abdomen foarte faine si ma bucur sa vi le fac si voua cunoscute.
海词词典,最权威的学习词典,专业出版abdomen retractor是什么意思,abdomen retractor的用法,abdomen retractor翻译和读音等详细讲解。海词词典:学习变容易,记忆很深刻。
Frequency-domain techniques for characterizing ocular and abdominal tissue are being investigated in our laboratories. Results of tissue-characterization processing, often displayed in graphical or numerical format, are also being displayed in image format. This allows for viewing the spatial distribution of the particular parameter being studied. This capability may prove to be important clinically, since it provides a means for visualizing and comparing different pathologies, monitoring changes due to treatment, and imaging the extent of disease processes. The displayed parameters are derived from clinical data bases of independently verified pathologies, as well as an analytic model that relates spectral parameters to physical properties ...
Patients who have major abdominal surgery should be able to control their pain at home by taking the same number of opioids that they did the day before they were discharged, according to a study that offers this measure as a guideline for...
SmartHealth Screening non-invasive ultrasound health services veins artery heart preventative testing exam noninvasive SmartHealth Screening, Cardiac Vascular Abdominal Ultrasound Diagnostic and Preventative Wellness Screening exams for early detection of disease process in veins, arteries, heart, liver, kidney, gallbladder. Locations Santa Clara, CA in Sunnyvale, Mountain View 877-650-0650 We only use ARDMS Registered Sonographers and Technologists, Reading MDs are board certified cardiovascular surgeons
so my fiance and i had sex about 2 hours ago (nothing rough or crazy), and ever since i have this terrible pressure in my lower abdomen and pain in my lower. ...
Ok so I just noticed this the other day and it comes and goes but I have a mild bulge in my lower abdomen right above my hairline. I called my dr. but didnt get much reassurance/info, there is also mild cramping right where the swelling/bulge is. anyone knows what this could be? Im a FTM (first time mom) and can be a little parinoid.
Learn more about Abdominal Ultrasound medical procedure, risk, preparation, definitions, what to expect after and results at FindaTopDoc.
Abdomen definition is - the part of the body between the thorax and the pelvis; also : the cavity of this part of the trunk containing the chief viscera. How to use abdomen in a sentence.
The Board needed a mere two pages to set forth its opinion in this affirmance of a Section 2(e)(1) mere descriptiveness refusal of the mark STERNALVEST for therapeutic thoracic/abdominal compression vest used for the purposes of stabilizing, immobilizing, and compressing any type of medical condition including an open wound or closed medical condition or for any preoperative and/or postoperative surgical procedure." One must ask, Would You Have Appealed? In re Joseph S. Pongratz, Serial No. 76697006 (June 24, 2011) [not precedential ...
Shapewear  | CoCooN Thermal Abdomen Slimmer Brief 1404 - The Abdomen Thermal Slimmer Short is designed to tighten your Abdomen. It features a Rubberflex Thermal ...
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Hello all, My story: About 7 years ago I started to feel pain in my lower right abdominal area, it was so bad I finally went to the doctors. This is
A bloated belly will make you feel uncomfortable and sometimes can be very painful. Also, a bloated tummy can make the most confident person feel self conscious about themselves…especially when you cannot fit into your pants. Stomach bloating can occur very quickly, and without any warning.. Bloating is, in very easy terminology, swelling that result from fluid or air. Any time it happens within the abdominal region, the trigger is most often intestinal tract gas, but you can find other culprits as well. Practically everyone will suffer from the outcomes of bloating every now and again in their life, either as a direct result of an intolerance to several foods substance, by their diet or in the way that they eat or drink. Right here are some from the reasons:. 1. Numerous of the meals we consume these days are processed with several additives to enhance shelf life, taste, texture and general high quality from the foods. With numerous people weight conscious in the present culture, a large ...
People are using some means to lose abdomen fat, but it is about alarming to see that not a lot of them are accomplishing things the appropriate way. The afterward are some of the capital things you cSome Means to Lose Abdomen Fat
A 30-minute class can burn as many as 500 calories, according to My Fit. It also helps build your stamina, improve overall strength and increase endurance. Because spinning bikes can be adjusted to provide more or less resistance, you can choose a level with which youre comfortable. Heavier resistance also means you will be providing your lower body and even your abdominal region with an effective workout. My Fit says spinning classes help you lose inches, shape your body, tone muscles and burn fat ...
I am experiencing pain in my lower left side of my tummy only after I relieve myself….whether I go out soft or firmer …I feel like a ball is running in my lower abdomen which causes me pain that makes me want to hold that area. it lasts for about 15 -20 seconds. I do not experience any nausea ...
HiI am new here. a few months ago I went to the dr because I was having sharp pain in my lower abdomen. My second ultrasound gave the following results: Uterus is retro erred measuring 9.5 X 5.7 X...
I am 12 wks with twins. Just recently, I started getting these sharp pains in my right lower abdomen. As time goes by, the pains are on the lower right, left and...
Its almost like AF heard me talking about her yesterday because she showed up with a vengeance this morning! I woke up early this morning to pee, and had the most full feeling in my lower abdomen. After I peed I still felt so much pressure, and realized AF was here. I took some Advil…
I am having these little twinges in my lower abdomen. What does this mean. Am I ovulating or is this a sign of pregnancy? I am supposed to be ovulating now but opk is negative.
A rather large spotted Kassina (males 38.5-42.2 mm) from Zanzibar. The eyes are very large and protruding. Tips of digits extremely flattened. No red patches on the side of lower abdomen and hind limbs. The dorsum is covered by black to slate-grey blotches separated by thin pale grey lines. Distribution and Habitat ...
Current and accurate information for patients about childrens (pediatric) ultrasound of the abdomen. Learn what your child might experience, how to prepare your child for the exam, benefits, risks and more.
A baby boy in India was born with his own "twin" inside his abdomen - an extremely rare condition called "fetus in fetu."
Ultrasound continues to be one of the most important diagnostic tools in medicine and is used by a wide range of healthcare professionals across many
Two x-rays, anterior-posterior views of the chest and upper abdomen both labelled 4A, radio-opaque dye evidently showing a cyst in the left lung wh...
Borm Bruckmeier Publishing LLC | ... The No. 1 of medical Pocket Guides - pregnancy wheel, medical apps, app development, medical app development and more
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Large number of people who want and know how to remove fat from the stomach because they are not satisfied with how their stomach looks
i m 25wks preg having pain at a point midway between abdomen and chest in the midline below breast..is this what everyone calls gas bloating ?it increases after
Learn more about CT Scan of the Abdomen at Grand Strand Medical Center DefinitionReasons for TestPossible ComplicationsWhat to ExpectCall Your Doctorrevision ...
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Andrena crataegi, female, abdomen image
Question - pain/ache in lower right abdomen, it is not painful to the - 7K. Find the answer to this and other Medical questions on JustAnswer
Coolsculpting on the abdomen is perfect to freeze fat away. Learn how much you could save on Coolsculpting with ZendyHealth. Contact us today!
The human abdomen is divided into regions by anatomists and physicians for purposes of study, diagnosis, and therapy.[1][2] In ... The left lower quadrant (LLQ) of the human abdomen is the area left of the midline and below the umbilicus. The LLQ includes ... Diagram showing which organs (or parts of organs) are in each quadrant of the abdomen ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Quadrant_(abdomen)&oldid=742786347" ...
abdomen or chest), lower contrast is preferable in order to accurately demonstrate all of the soft tissue tones in these areas ...
The relations of the viscera and large vessels of the abdomen. Seen from behind, the last thoracic vertebra being well raised. ... The nerve travels into the abdomen, where its fibers synapse in the renal ganglia.. ... that arise from the sympathetic trunk in the thorax and travel inferiorly to provide sympathetic innervation to the abdomen. ...
Abdomen. Sympathetic. *paravertebral ganglia: Lumbar ganglia. *prevertebral ganglia: *Celiac ganglia. *Aorticorenal. *Superior ...
It usually affects limbs, though the face, neck and abdomen may also be affected. In an extreme state, called elephantiasis, ... abdomen, and pelvic cavities follows an internal route.[5] Eventually, the lymph vessels empty into the lymphatic ducts, which ...
Abdomen. Sympathetic. *paravertebral ganglia: Lumbar ganglia. *prevertebral ganglia: *Celiac ganglia. *Aorticorenal. *Superior ...
Abdomen. Sympathetic. *paravertebral ganglia: Lumbar ganglia. *prevertebral ganglia: *Celiac ganglia. *Aorticorenal. *Superior ...
Abdomen/pelvis. .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}. regions. *Epigastrium. *Hypochondrium ...
... s are mostly scavengers, but some are omnivorous or predatory.[9]:739-740 The abdomen of the earwig is flexible and ... Abdomen: Cerci are unsegmented and resemble forceps. The ovipositor in females is reduced or absent. ... It aims the discharges by revolving the abdomen, a maneuver that enables it simultaneously to use its pincers in defense.[26] ... Earwigs have characteristic cerci, a pair of forceps-like pincers on their abdomen, and membranous wings folded underneath ...
The pararectal lymph nodes are in contact with the muscular coat of the rectum. They drain the descending iliac and sigmoid parts of the colon and the upper part of the rectum; their efferents pass to the preaortic glands.. ...
abdomen voiced velar fricative Greek γάτα [ˈɣata] cat voiceless labialized velar approximant English which[a] [ʍɪtʃ] which ...
Abdomen. Sympathetic. *paravertebral ganglia: Lumbar ganglia. *prevertebral ganglia: *Celiac ganglia. *Aorticorenal. *Superior ...
Abdomen. Distended - hepatomegaly with fatty liver, ascites may be present. Cardiovascular. Bradycardia, hypotension, reduced ... Problems with physical or mental development, poor energy levels, swollen legs and abdomen[1][2]. ... and swollen legs and abdomen.[1][2] People also often get infections and are frequently cold.[2] The symptoms of micronutrient ...
Front of abdomen, showing surface markings for arteries and inguinal canal. (Inguinal canal is tube at lower left.) ... down the abdomen, and through the inguinal canals to reach the scrotum. Each testicle then descends through the abdominal wall ...
Abdomen orange. Forewings reddish brown, usually with a greenish tinge and irrorated with dark specks. An oblique antemedial ...
... most commonly either of the head or of the abdomen. The percentage who received CT, however, varied markedly by the emergency ... orally administered contrast agents are frequently used when examining the abdomen. These are frequently the same as the ...
... of a normal abdomen and pelvis, taken in the axial, coronal and sagittal planes, respectively. Click here to scroll ... most commonly either of the head or of the abdomen. The percentage who received CT, however, varied markedly by the emergency ... orally administered contrast agents are frequently used when examining the abdomen. These are frequently the same as the ...
Chest and abdomen Dermatitis herpetiformis Intensely itchy rash with red bumps and blisters Elbows, knees, back or buttocks ...
Small, brown, like geometrid moths; antennae not clubbed; long slim abdomen. Hesperiidae. Skippers. Small, darting flight; ... The abdomen consists of ten segments and contains the gut and genital organs. The front eight segments have spiracles and the ... As in all insects, the body is divided into three sections: the head, thorax, and abdomen. The thorax is composed of three ... They have cylindrical bodies, with ten segments to the abdomen, generally with short prolegs on segments 3-6 and 10; the three ...
Aortic aneurysm (abdomen) An abdominal aortic aneurysm is swelling of the main abdominal artery and can cause sudden chest pain ... Aortic dissection (abdomen) An abdominal aortic dissection is a medical emergency and causes sudden abdominal or back pain. ... "Point tenderness - abdomen". Retrieved 14 February 2015. see http://symptomchecker.webmd.com/multiple-symptoms?symptoms=pain-or ...
The rectus abdominis spans the front of the abdomen and is the most prominent of the abdominal muscles. The transversus ... Both muscles compress the abdomen, and the rectus abdominis also flexes the spine forward, although it does not execute this ... abdominis lies deep within the abdomen, wrapping around the entire abdominal area. ...
Abdomen and obliques (belly). *Crunch (i). *Leg raise (c). *Russian twist (c) ...
... occurs when substances, such as air (gas) or fluid, accumulate in the abdomen causing its expansion.[1] It ... In both of these disorders, fluid accumulates in the abdomen and creates a sensation of fullness. Abdominal distension can also ...
Gaining a "six pack" requires both abdominal muscle hypertrophy training and fat loss over the abdomen-which can only be done ...
Goblet squat - a squat performed while holding a kettlebell next to one's chest and abdomen with both hands. ...
A 13-year-old boy presented with a 1-year history of a gradually distending abdomen that was associated with constitutional ... He was markedly cachexic with a grossly distended abdomen (Fig. 1) that was difficult to palpate. Shifting dullness was ... An X-ray of the abdomen revealed a grossly distended large intestine. Ultrasound showed increased ascitic fluid. A total ...
The human abdomen is divided into regions by anatomists and physicians for purposes of study, diagnosis, and therapy.[1][2] In ... The left lower quadrant (LLQ) of the human abdomen is the area left of the midline and below the umbilicus. The LLQ includes ... Diagram showing which organs (or parts of organs) are in each quadrant of the abdomen ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Quadrant_(abdomen)&oldid=742786347" ...
abdomen (plural abdomens or abdomina) *(obsolete) The fat surrounding the belly. [Attested from the mid 16th century until the ... First attested in 1541.[1] Borrowed from Middle French abdomen, from Latin abdomen, possibly from abdō ("conceal"), from ab (" ... abdomen. Further reading[edit]. *"abdomen" in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the ... Catalan: abdomen (ca) m, buc (ca) m, panxa (ca) f, ventre (ca) m ... Slovene: trebuh (sl) m, abdomen m. *Spanish: abdomen (es) m, ...
In humans the wall of the abdomen is a muscular structure covered by fascia, fat, and skin. The abdominal cavity is lined with ... In insects, crustacea, and some other arthropods, the term abdomen refers to the entire rear portion of the body. The Columbia ... abdomen, in humans and other vertebrates, portion of the trunk between the diaphragm and lower pelvis. In humans the wall of ... The abdomen of the female also contains the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus. The navel, or umbilicus, an exterior scar on ...
... Resources. Please Note: By clicking a link to any resource listed on this page, you will be leaving this ...
A complete ultrasound of the abdomen evaluates all of the abdominal organs. A limited ultrasound of the abdomen evaluates one ... Ultrasonido: abdomen. What It Is. An abdominal ultrasound is a safe and painless test that uses sound waves to make images of ... abnormal fluid in the abdomen. Abdominal ultrasounds can be used to guide procedures such as needle biopsies or catheter ... A technician (sonographer) trained in ultrasound imaging will spread a clear, warm gel on the skin of the abdomen. This gel ...
It is also used to look at blood vessels and lymph nodes in the abdomen. A doctor may order a CAT scan to find the cause of ... en españolTomografía computada: abdomen. What It Is. An abdominal CAT scan is a painless test that uses a specialized X-ray ...
Abdomen, in human anatomy, the body cavity lying between the chest or thorax above and the pelvis below and from the spine in ... insect: Abdomen. The abdomen consists of a maximum of 11 segments, although this number commonly is reduced by fusion. ... homopteran: Abdomen. The abdomen, typically 11-segmented, appears to have only 7 or 8 segments because the last few segments ... body regions: head, thorax, and abdomen. In most forms a narrow constriction at the anterior (front) end of the abdomen ...
abdomen* *1.* In vertebrates, the region of the body that contains the internal organs other than the heart and lungs. In ... In Crustacea, the abdomen bears limbs which are to a greater or lesser extent segmentally arranged and the abdomen is not ... abdomen (ab-dŏm-ĕn) n. the part of the body cavity below the chest (see thorax), from which it is separated by the diaphragm. ... abdomen 1. In vertebrates, the region of the body that contains the internal organs other than the heart and lungs. In Mammalia ...
An abdominal X-ray is a safe and painless test that uses a small amount of radiation to make an image of a persons abdomen ( ... One or two pictures of the abdomen are usually taken to get a view of the area from different angles. ... belly). During the examination, an X-ray machine sends a beam of radiation through the abdomen, and an image is recorded on ...
Copes early diagnosis of the acute abdomen. 20th ed. New York: Oxford University Press; 2001.Google Scholar ... The most common causes of acute abdomen in the older age group are cholecystitis, appendicitis, perforated peptic ulcer disease ... Pelaez C.A., Agarwal N. (2012) The Surgical Abdomen. In: Pitchumoni C., Dharmarajan T. (eds) Geriatric Gastroenterology. ...
カテゴリ「Abdomen」にあるメディア. このカテゴリに属する 62 個のファイルのうち、 62 個を表示しています。 ... Abdomen contains: Parts of gastro-intestinal tract from stomach to rectum, abdominal aorta, vena cava inferior, kidneys, liver ... Multidendritic-sensory-neurons-in-the-adult-Drosophila-abdomen-origins-dendritic-morphology-and-1749-8104-4-37-S1.ogv 12秒、 512 ... Multidendritic-sensory-neurons-in-the-adult-Drosophila-abdomen-origins-dendritic-morphology-and-1749-8104-4
... Resources. Please Note: By clicking a link to any resource listed on this page, you will be leaving the ...
Acute diabetic abdomen.. Br Med J 1976; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.6043.1074-c (Published 30 October 1976) Cite this ...
A swollen abdomen is when your belly area is bigger than usual. ... A swollen abdomen that is caused by eating a heavy meal will go ... For a swollen abdomen caused by malabsorption, try changing your diet and limiting milk. Talk to your health care provider. ... Acute abdomen. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 20th ed. Philadelphia ... For a swollen abdomen due to other causes, follow the treatment prescribed by your provider. ...
THE ABDOMEN. Download a copy of this study guide *Clinical Examination of the Abdomen *Anterior Abdominal Wall *Inguinal Region ... Boundaries of the Abdomen: *Superior Boundary: The diaphragm. It extends to ICS-5 superiorly (at the median line; it is more ... found in the lower 1/4 of the abdomen.. *It has several names, but it is one continuous plane of fascia, just outside the ... CLINICAL EXAMINATION OF THE ABDOMEN. Two kinds of pain: *Visceral Pain: Deep, throbbing, delocalized pain, associated with the ...
Module Title: Abdomen-Visible Human Image Info: Transverse section through the abdomen Created by: Lynn Bry Contact Email:[email protected] ... Abdomen-Visible Human You selected: kidney. This section shows both kidneys. These organs filter the blood, removing toxins and ...
Module Title: Abdomen-Visible Human Image Info: Transverse section through the abdomen Created by: Lynn Bry Contact Email:[email protected] ... Abdomen-Visible Human You selected: spinal cord. The spinal cord can be seen within the vertebral column - note its size ...
The abdomen is an area of the body a health care provider can easily examine by touch. The provider can feel growths and organs ... Abdomen. In: Ball JW, Dains JE, Flynn JA, Solomon BS, Stewart RW, eds. Seidels Guide to Physical Examination. 9th ed. St Louis ... Acute abdomen. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 20th ed. Philadelphia ... Abdominal point tenderness is the pain you feel when pressure is placed over a certain part of the belly area (abdomen). ...
... is the classic text covering radiology of the abdomen as it relates to the progression of disease within an organ and from on ... Dynamic Radiology of the Abdomen, extensively revised and updated, ... Meyers Dynamic Radiology of the Abdomen, extensively revised and updated, is the classic text covering radiology of the ... Clinical Embryology of the Abdomen: Normal and Pathologic Anatomy Bruce R. Javors, Hiromu Mori, Morton A. Meyers, Ronald H. ...
The bulge at the waistline and into the low abdomen is the result of not working these muscles efficiently. The low abdominal ... The strength and muscle tone, achieved through this exercise, not only flattens the low abdomen but also decreases the ... The bulge at the waistline and into the low abdomen is the result of not working these muscles efficiently. The low abdominal ... The strength and muscle tone, achieved through this exercise, not only flattens the low abdomen but also decreases the ...
earlier i had a cramp-like pain in the lower left abdomen which lasted for 15 minutes. it was as if i had dysmenorrhoea but ... Lower left abdomen pain? earlier i had a cramp-like pain in the lower left abdomen which lasted for 15 minutes. it was as if i ... what could have... show more earlier i had a cramp-like pain in the lower left abdomen which lasted for 15 minutes. it was as ... looking at the more common causes of sever prolonged pain in the lower abdomen. Id have to say constipation....people forget ...
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Shop CafePress for Abdomen Water Bottles. Find great designs on high quality durable Stainless Steel Water Bottles and Sport ... Shop our wide variety of Abdomen Water Bottles to express your personality and shrink your environmental footprint. People ...
Re: Sarcoma abdomen. 7 Oct 2018 19:43 in response to CRUK Nurse Catherine Although it was said in August the mass was from the ... Re: Sarcoma abdomen. 9 Oct 2018 19:51 in response to CRUK Nurse Martin Today the clinical nurse rang with the type and subtype ... Re: Sarcoma abdomen. 11 Oct 2018 13:26 in response to Seaside01 I hope everything goes as well. It is tough waiting for ... Re: Sarcoma abdomen. 28 Aug 2018 10:38 in response to Seaside01 Hello and thanks for posting, ...
  • The abdomen also contains the kidneys and spleen. (webmd.com)
  • The spleen, kidneys, and adrenal glands also lie within the abdomen, along with many blood vessels including the aorta and inferior vena cava. (wikipedia.org)
  • oregonlive , "Grand jury finds no criminal wrongdoing by Portland police in fatal shooting of Lane C. Martin, 31, in SE Portland," 14 Oct. 2019 Russell French was shot in his chest and abdomen and lost a kidney. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Now i don't feel the pain in the abdomen but when i feel like some sort of pain radiating to my left chest and rarely to my right chest, but i feel better by massaging by neck,upper back and some times the tummy.whenever i press my abdomen, i can feel the pain there. (medhelp.org)
  • Imaging by computed tomography or a T2 weighted MRI of the head, neck, and chest, and abdomen can help localize the tumor. (wikipedia.org)
  • The body of a crustacean is composed of segments, which are grouped into three regions: the cephalon or head, the thorax, and the pleon or abdomen. (wikipedia.org)
  • The human abdomen is divided into regions by anatomists and physicians for purposes of study, diagnosis , and therapy . (wikipedia.org)
  • The left lower quadrant (LLQ) of the human abdomen is the area left of the midline and below the umbilicus . (wikipedia.org)
  • Encyclopædia Britannica , first edition, art: human thorax and abdomen Illustration of the organs in the human abdomen and thorax from the first edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica , vol. 1, plate XIX, figure 1. (britannica.com)
  • looking at the more common causes of sever prolonged pain in the lower abdomen. (yahoo.com)
  • Commonly a burning pain in the lower abdomen is the result of a urinary tract infection (UTI) and may be associated with loin pain, fever and increased frequency of passing urine. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • The white line (Latin: linea alba) is a fibrous structure that runs down the midline of the abdomen in humans and other vertebrates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Meyers' Dynamic Radiology of the Abdomen , extensively revised and updated, is the classic text covering radiology of the abdomen as it relates to the progression of disease within an organ and from one organ to another. (springer.com)
  • Emergency Radiology of the Abdomen: Imaging Features and Differential Diagnosis for a Timely Management Approach. (wikipedia.org)
  • The abdomen bears pleopods, and ends in a telson, which bears the anus, and is often flanked by uropods to form a tail fan. (wikipedia.org)