Abbreviated Injury Scale: Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).Injury Severity Score: An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Trauma Severity Indices: Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.Accidents, Traffic: Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.Wounds, Nonpenetrating: Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.Trauma Centers: Specialized hospital facilities which provide diagnostic and therapeutic services for trauma patients.Craniocerebral Trauma: Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.Brain Injuries: Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.Athletic Injuries: Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.Spinal Cord Injuries: Penetrating and non-penetrating injuries to the spinal cord resulting from traumatic external forces (e.g., WOUNDS, GUNSHOT; WHIPLASH INJURIES; etc.).Reperfusion Injury: Adverse functional, metabolic, or structural changes in ischemic tissues resulting from the restoration of blood flow to the tissue (REPERFUSION), including swelling; HEMORRHAGE; NECROSIS; and damage from FREE RADICALS. The most common instance is MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION INJURY.Occupational Injuries: Injuries sustained from incidents in the course of work-related activities.Accidents, Occupational: Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration: An office in the Department of Labor responsible for developing and establishing occupational safety and health standards.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Anesthesia, General: Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.Anesthesia: A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.Anesthesia, Local: A blocking of nerve conduction to a specific area by an injection of an anesthetic agent.Anesthesia, Epidural: Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected into the epidural space.Anesthesia, Spinal: Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected directly into the spinal cord.Intensive Care Units: Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill patients.Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Epidemiology: Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.Cerebrovascular Disorders: A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Multiple Trauma: Multiple physical insults or injuries occurring simultaneously.Brain Concussion: A nonspecific term used to describe transient alterations or loss of consciousness following closed head injuries. The duration of UNCONSCIOUSNESS generally lasts a few seconds, but may persist for several hours. Concussions may be classified as mild, intermediate, and severe. Prolonged periods of unconsciousness (often defined as greater than 6 hours in duration) may be referred to as post-traumatic coma (COMA, POST-HEAD INJURY). (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p418)Bones of Lower Extremity: The bones of the upper and lower LEG. They include the PELVIC BONES.Basketball: A competitive team sport played on a rectangular court having a raised basket at each end.Boxing: A two-person sport in which the fists are skillfully used to attack and defend.Spinal Injuries: Injuries involving the vertebral column.Head Protective Devices: Personal devices for protection of heads from impact, penetration from falling and flying objects, and from limited electric shock and burn.Bicycling: The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.Sarcoptes scabiei: A species of mite that causes SCABIES in humans and sarcoptic mange in other animals. Specific variants of S. scabiei exist for humans and animals, but many have the ability to cross species and cause disease.Scabies: A contagious cutaneous inflammation caused by the bite of the mite SARCOPTES SCABIEI. It is characterized by pruritic papular eruptions and burrows and affects primarily the axillae, elbows, wrists, and genitalia, although it can spread to cover the entire body.Vacuum: A space in which the pressure is far below atmospheric pressure so that the remaining gases do not affect processes being carried on in the space.Mite Infestations: Infestations with arthropods of the subclass ACARI, superorder Acariformes.Dens in Dente: Anomaly of the tooth, found chiefly in upper lateral incisors. It is characterized by invagination of the enamel at the incisal edge.Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating: Lymphocytes that show specificity for autologous tumor cells. Ex vivo isolation and culturing of TIL with interleukin-2, followed by reinfusion into the patient, is one form of adoptive immunotherapy of cancer.Antiparasitic Agents: Drugs used to treat or prevent parasitic infections.Automobiles: A usually four-wheeled automotive vehicle designed for passenger transportation and commonly propelled by an internal-combustion engine using a volatile fuel. (Webster, 1973)Air Bags: Automotive safety devices consisting of a bag designed to inflate upon collision and prevent passengers from pitching forward. (American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)ManikinsSeat Belts: Restraining belts fastened to the frame of automobiles, aircraft, or other vehicles, and strapped around the person occupying the seat in the car or plane, intended to prevent the person from being thrown forward or out of the vehicle in case of sudden deceleration.Frontal Lobe: The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.Automobile Driving: The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.

Outcome after severe head injury treated by an integrated trauma system. (1/79)

OBJECTIVES: To describe outcome after treatment of severe head injury within an integrated trauma system. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all patients with severe head injury admitted to the Royal London Hospital by the Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) between 1991 and 1994. Type of injury was defined on initial computed tomography of the head and outcomes assessed 12 months after injury using the Glasgow outcome score. RESULTS: 6.5% of HEMS patients had long term severe disability (severe disability or persistent vegetative state on the outcome score); 34.5% made a good recovery. CONCLUSIONS: The concern that a large number of severely disabled long term survivors might result as a consequence of this system of trauma management is not confirmed. The case mix of severity of extracranial injuries in these patients makes comparison with other published series difficult, but these data fit the hypothesis that pre-hospital correction of hypoxia and hypotension after head injury improves outcome.  (+info)

Use of abdominal computed tomography in blunt trauma: do we scan too much? (2/79)

OBJECTIVES: To determine what proportion of abdominal computed tomography (CT) scans ordered after blunt trauma are positive and the applicability and accuracy of existing clinical prediction rules for obtaining a CT scan of the abdomen in this setting. SETTING: A leading trauma hospital, affiliated with the University of Ottawa. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients with blunt trauma admitted to hospital over a 1-year period having an Injury Severity Score (ISS) greater than 12 who underwent CT of the abdomen during the initial assessment. Recorded data included age, sex, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score, ISS, type of injuries, number of abdominal CT scans ordered, and scan results. Two clinical prediction rules were found in the literature that identify patients likely to have intra-abdominal injuries. These rules were applied retrospectively to the cohort. The predicted proportion of positive CT scans was compared with the observed proportion, and the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were estimated. RESULTS: Of the 297 patients entered in the study, 109 underwent abdominal CT. The median age was 32 years, 71% were male and the median ISS was 24. In only 36.7% (40 of 109) of scans were findings suggestive of intra-abdominal injuries. Application of one of the clinical prediction rules gave a sensitivity of 93.8% and specificity of 25.5% but excluded 23% of patients because of a GCS score less than 11. The second prediction rule tested could be applied to all patients and was highly sensitive (92.5%) and specific (100.0%). CONCLUSIONS: The assessment of the abdomen in blunt trauma remains a challenge. Accuracy in predicting positive scans in equivocal cases is poor. Retrospective application of an existing clinical prediction rule was found to be highly accurate in identifying patients with positive CT findings. Prospective use of such a rule could reduce the number of CT scans ordered without missing significant injuries.  (+info)

Sequelae after unintentional injuries to children: an exploratory study. (3/79)

GOAL: To determine the frequency and categories of sequelae related to accidental injuries (of all types) in childhood, a prospective follow up study was conducted on a geographically defined population near Paris, France. METHODS: The study concerned all child residents of one health care district, aged under 15 years, and hospitalised in the two public hospitals of the district, and/or transported by mobile emergency units, after an accident, during a one year period (in 1981-82; n = 785). Initial severity was scored using the injury severity score (ISS). Sequelae were defined as established impairments (leading or not to disabilities), identified by physicians, reporting their clinical diagnosis or complaints by the child and/or the family. RESULTS: After a follow up period of 3.6-29.2 months after the accident, six children died and 78 (10%) were lost to follow up. Among the 701 others, 73 (10.4%) presented 80 sequelae, major (limiting daily activities) in 44 children (6.3%), with no gender difference. These increased significantly with age. The main causes of major sequelae were eye injuries and sports related injuries to the limbs. ISS did not correlate well with sequelae, but the maximum abbreviated injury scale appeared to be a better predictor of long term functional prognosis. CONCLUSION: Prospective follow up and population based studies are still needed, especially on children's injuries initially perceived as benign, such as most of the sports related injuries in our study.  (+info)

Trends in incidence of pediatric injury hospitalizations in Pennsylvania. (4/79)

OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed short-term trends in pediatric injury hospitalizations. METHODS: We used a population-based retrospective cohort design to study all children 15 years or younger who were admitted to all acute care hospitals in Pennsylvania with traumatic injuries between 1991 and 1995. RESULTS: Injuries accounted for 9% of all acute hospitalizations for children. Between 1991 and 1995, admissions of children with minor injuries decreased by 29% (P < .001). However, admissions for children with moderate (P = .69) or serious (P = .41) injuries did not change. CONCLUSIONS: Significant declines in pediatric admissions for minor injuries were noted and may reflect both real reductions in injury incidence and changes in admission practices over the period of the study.  (+info)

Intracranial pressure monitoring and outcomes after traumatic brain injury. (5/79)

OBJECTIVE: Uncontrolled intracranial hypertension after traumatic brain injury (TBI) contributes significantly to the death rate and to poor functional outcome. There is no evidence that intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring alters the outcome of TBI. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that insertion of ICP monitors in patients who have TBI is not associated with a decrease in the death rate. DESIGN: Study of case records. METHODS: The data files from the Ontario Trauma Registry from 1989 to 1995 were examined. Included were all cases with an Injury Severity Score (ISS) greater than 12 from the 14 trauma centres in Ontario. Cases identifying a Maximum Abbreviated Injury Scale score in the head region (MAIS head) greater than 3 were selected for further analysis. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to investigate the relationship between ICP and death. RESULTS: Of 9001 registered cases of TBI, an MAIS head greater than 3 was recorded in 5507. Of these patients, 541 (66.8% male, mean age 34.1 years) had an ICP monitor inserted. Their average ISS was 33.4 and 71.7% survived. There was wide variation among the institutions in the rate of insertion of ICP monitors in these patients (ranging from 0.4% to over 20%). Univariate logistic regression indicated that increased MAIS head, ISS, penetrating trauma and the insertion of an ICP monitor were each associated with an increased death rate. However, multivariate analyses controlling for MAIS head, ISS and injury mechanism indicated that ICP monitoring was associated with significantly improved survival (p < 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: ICP monitor insertion rates vary widely in Ontario's trauma hospitals. The insertion of an ICP monitor is associated with a statistically significant decrease in death rate among patients with severe TBI. This finding strongly supports the need for a prospective randomized trial of management protocols, including ICP monitoring, in patients with severe TBI.  (+info)

Patterns of injury among drivers hospitalized in Level-I Trauma Centers: have frontal airbags made a difference? (6/79)

This study describes the injuries of drivers discharged from Level-I Trauma Centers between 1995-1997. Differences in the drivers' injuries and outcomes by airbag deployment status and gender were evaluated using Chi 2 and T-tests. Data on 1,065 drivers (66 with airbags, 423 females) were obtained from the Massachusetts Registry of Motor Vehicle and Trauma Registries. Once admitted to trauma centers, drivers with airbags did not differ from drivers without airbags regarding the number, type, clustering, severity or outcome of their injuries. The only exception was that female drivers sustained more fractures to the upper extremities and less injuries to blood vessels and certain traumatic complications (p < 0.05).  (+info)

Factors influencing pediatric injury in side impact collisions. (7/79)

Side impacts collisions pose a great risk to children in crashes but information about the injury mechanisms is limited. The heights and weights of children vary widely and as a result, the injury patterns may vary across the pediatric age range. This study involves a case series of children in side impact collisions who were identified through Partners for Child Passenger Safety, a large child-focused crash surveillance system. The aim of the current study was to use in-depth crash investigations to identify injury mechanisms to children in side impact collisions. 93 children in 55 side impact crashes were studied. 23% (n = 22) of the children received an AIS > or = 2 (clinically significant) injury. In these 22 children, head (39%), extremity (22%), and abdominal injuries (17%) were the most common significant injuries. The cases revealed that serious injuries occur even in minor crashes. Cases that illustrate body region-specific injury mechanisms are discussed.  (+info)

Who can give a pediatric trauma history for children injured in bicycle crashes? (8/79)

Emergency Departments are important sites for injury surveillance but the quality of data collected has not been evaluated. This prospective cohort study assessed the ability of various respondents to provide circumstantial information following pediatric bicyclist trauma. A semi-structured survey tool was administered in the Emergency Department of a Level One Pediatric Trauma Center for 448 child bicyclists. The injured child provided more complete information when compared to witnesses and Emergency Medical Services personnel. No one respondent type provided the complete history. To obtain thorough injury circumstantial information, multiple respondents should be interviewed utilizing a semi-structured questionnaire.  (+info)

The number of seriously injured road users is used both as an indicator of traffic safety trends in Sweden and in more specific studies of, for example, different road user groups. A seriously injured person is defined as a person who suffers injuries that lead to permanent medical impairment of at least 1 percent. The term very seriously injured is used as a complement and is defined correspondingly but refers to injuries that lead to permanent medical impairment of at least 10 percent. In practice, the level of impairment is not known at the time of the accident, and therefore the number of seriously and very seriously injured persons are forecasted. The basis for the forecasts are Strada, the national database for road traffic accidents in Sweden, and a method developed by Folksam (a Swedish insurance company) that estimates the risk that a persons injuries will lead to permanent medical impairment in the future. The aim of this study is to present the size of the uncertainty of the ...
Statistics show that more than 7.5% of the South African population is living with a permanent disability.. Many of the people living with these disabilities have been under-compensated by the relevant schemes and funds since the medical professionals dealing with their assessments do not have the training on how to complete these assessments and claims. This could result in significant financial and reputational costs to the patient and medical professionals. ...
Dr. Thomas Gennarelli, an internationally renowned clinician and researcher in the field of traumatic head injuries, was appointed to the faculty at the Medical College of Wisconsin as a professor in 1999 and fulfilled the administrative duties as chair of the Department during 1999-2008. Dr. Gennarelli founded The Froedtert Hospital & The Medical College of Wisconsin CIREN Center, the tenth center of the Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network (CIREN) of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US Department of Transportation. He has published 406 original research papers, written 41 book chapters and four editions of "The Abbreviated Injury Scale," the international standard for determining the severity of bodily injuries. These have resulted in over 17,000 citations of his personal writing in other scientific publication and another 60,000 citation of the AIS versions for which he was responsible. He has served as an editorial advisor for a dozen peer-reviewed journals, a ...
g. impact speed, angle, and mass, can be used as the basis for defining standards for impact tests. Some of the main real world in-depth accidents studies across Europe include the "German In Depth selleck catalog investigation Accident Study" (GIDAS) [10] in Germany, the Co-operative Crash Injury Study (CCIS) [11] and. "On The Spot" (OTS) [12] in the United Kingdom, the "In-Depth Car Accident Analysis" (EDA) of INRETS in France [13] and the SafetyNet project operating until 2008 in six European countries [14]. For the in-depth study of road accidents focused on the PTW, the "Motorcycle Accident In depth Study" (MAIDS) [15] project is the reference Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical for this type of vehicles. In the United States the "National Accident Sampling System "(NASS) [16] and the "Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network" (CIREN) [17] are the main in-depth. accident research systems, and in Japan there is a collaborative study by "Japan Automobile Research Institute" (JARI), ...
Largest Internet Trauma Care Site - Covers all aspects of injury prevention, evaluation and management. Includes an email Discussion group, Conference listings, Trauma Imagebank, Fellowship database. Home of Trauma Moulage on the Internet.
Chromatrap® offers an optimised unique buffer chemistry that provides the leading solution for the isolation of high quality and high yield chromatin.
Shepherd Center has been working in the Brain Injury Research field for years. Clinical trials are performed to grow our knowledge of brain injury.
In 1990 NIOSH established the NIOSH Centers for Agricultural Disease and Injury Research, Education, and Prevention (Agricultural Centers) as part of an agricultural health and safety initiative. Agricultural Centers have been established in eight different regions of the United States. The Agricultural Centers conduct research, education, and prevention projects that target the nations most press
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TAM. A4 , 34 PAG. -Entrevistas com: Mad Dragzter, Ungodly, Ophiolatry, Impetuous Rage, Mortal Wish,Senandioma, Blaster, Herege, Mortoriom, Toxicarm, Fright Night, Nosferatu, Statik Magik, In Infernal War, A Tribute To The Plague E Crust The Cross Zine. E mais de 80 comentarios de CDs, demos, publicaçõese shows (incluindo toda a mine-turne da Mystifier perlo Sul do Brasil). Biografia de Gustave Doré, Sex Trash, Witchhammer e Insaintfication. Conto de JH Necro "A Obsseção Pela Parte", Textos livres e ateisticos de Fabiano Teixeira "A Morte da Divindade" e "Putrefato Sabor", poesia de Kleide Keite e muito mais... ...
This invention relates to a sampling system for collecting a sample in a septum closed container. It provides for a reservoir of a predetermined volume which captures a sample and it further provides for routing of the captured sample from the reservoir to the septum closed container.
List of Water Sampling System companies, manufacturers and suppliers for the Monitoring and Testing industry on Environmental XPRT
SafetyLit: The weekly online update of injury research and prevention literature. SafetyLit is produced by the Center for Injury Prevention Policy and Practice at San Diego State University.
SafetyLit: The weekly online update of injury research and prevention literature. SafetyLit is produced by the Center for Injury Prevention Policy and Practice at San Diego State University.
Tout est dans le titre. Jai essayé pas mal de choses par le biais du forum KASPERSKY, mais le virus est toujours là. Impossible dintervenir sur cette session. Que dois-je faire ? Merci pour votre
What products force kids to seek treatment in U.S. emergency rooms at the rate of one every three minutes? A new study has a surprising answer: toys. Toy-related injuries involving American children have jumped about 40% since 1990, according to an analysis from the Center for Injury Research and...
Fluid sampling systems are disclosed. The sampling system has a flexible plastic container defining an interior chamber and an internal flow path comprising a proximal end and terminating in an open distal end. The flow path extends substantially into the interior chamber, providing the only access into and from the chamber.
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Com o objetivo de fornecer um servi o mais personalizado e gil, armazenamos informa es sobre como voc usa este site. Esse processo realizado por meio de pequenos arquivos de textos chamados cookies. Eles cont m pequenas quantidades de informa o e s o baixados para o seu computador ou outro dispositivo por um servidor deste site. O seu navegador, em seguida, envia esses cookies de volta a cada nova visita. Desta forma, podemos reconhecer e lembrar de suas prefer ncias. Voc pode encontrar informa es mais detalhadas sobre cookies e como funcionam em: http://www.aboutcookies.org/ ...
Com o objetivo de fornecer um servi o mais personalizado e gil, armazenamos informa es sobre como voc usa este site. Esse processo realizado por meio de pequenos arquivos de textos chamados cookies. Eles cont m pequenas quantidades de informa o e s o baixados para o seu computador ou outro dispositivo por um servidor deste site. O seu navegador, em seguida, envia esses cookies de volta a cada nova visita. Desta forma, podemos reconhecer e lembrar de suas prefer ncias. Voc pode encontrar informa es mais detalhadas sobre cookies e como funcionam em: http://www.aboutcookies.org/ ...
A priori, ce CD ne pue pas du cul. Les divers intervenants sont à la hauteur de cette résurrection. Comme dhab, Schenker va r ...
ANTONIUK, Sérgio A. et al. Meningite bacteriana aguda na infância: fatores de risco para complicações agudas e sequelas. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2011, vol.87, n.6, pp.535-540. ISSN 0021-7557. http://dx.doi.org/10.2223/JPED.2138.. OBJETIVO: Estudo retrospectivo que visa avaliar as complicações neurológicas agudas e sequelas neurológicas das meningites bacterianas agudas na infância, a fim de determinar possíveis sinais de alerta. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliadas crianças (entre 1 mês e 14 anos) internadas entre 2003 e 2006, com meningite bacteriana aguda. RESULTADOS: Dos 44 pacientes incluídos, 17 (38,6%) apresentaram complicações neurológicas agudas, sendo crise convulsiva a mais frequente (31,8%). Os pacientes com complicações neurológicas agudas apresentaram com mais frequência: menor contagem de neutrófilos (p = 0,03), crise convulsiva na admissão (p , 0,01) e S. pneumoniae como agente etiológico (p = 0,01). Os fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento de complicações ...
A priori, ce CD ne pue pas du cul. Les divers intervenants sont à la hauteur de cette résurrection. Comme dhab, Schenker va r ...
Mais de 1000 revisores e tradutores profissionais especializados em mais de 500 áreas do conhecimento para tradução de textos para publicação em inglês.
O site oficial do MotoGP, Moto2 e Moto3 inclui cobertura Vídeo em Directo, conteúdos premium e todas as notícias mais recentes.
O site oficial do MotoGP, Moto2 e Moto3 inclui cobertura Vídeo em Directo, conteúdos premium e todas as notícias mais recentes.
Produtos Digitais com preços e condições de pagamento incríveis você encontra na Saraiva. Encontre Cartões Pré-pagos Online, Livro Digital e muito mais.
Produtos Digitais com preços e condições de pagamento incríveis você encontra na Saraiva. Encontre Cartões Pré-pagos Online, Livro Digital e muito mais.
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The Injury Severity Score (ISS) is an established medical score to assess trauma severity. It correlates with mortality, morbidity and hospitalization time after trauma. It is used to define the term major trauma. A major trauma (or polytrauma) is defined as the Injury Severity Score being greater than 15. The AIS Committee of the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine (AAAM) designed and improves upon the scale. The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) is an anatomically based consensus-derived global severity scoring system that classifies each injury in every body region according to its relative severity on a six-point ordinal scale: Minor Moderate Serious Severe Critical Maximal (currently untreatable). There are nine AIS chapters corresponding to nine body regions: Head Face Neck Thorax Abdomen Spine Upper Extremity Lower Extremity External and other. The ISS is based (see below) upon the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS). To calculate an ISS for an injured person, the body is ...
One of the leading causes of death in automotive crashes is traumatic rupture of the aorta (TRA) or blunt aortic injury (BAI). The risk of fatality is high if an aortic injury is not detected and treated promptly. The objective of this study is to investigate TRA mechanisms using finite element (FE) simulations of reconstructed real-world accidents involving aortic injury. For this application, a case was obtained from the William Lehman Injury Research Center (WLIRC), which is a Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network (CIREN) center. In this selected crash, the case vehicle was struck on the left side with a Principal Direction of Force (PDoF) of 290 degrees. The side structure of the case vehicle crushed a maximum of 0.33 m. The total delta-V was estimated to be 6.2 m/s. The occupant, a 62-year old mid-sized male, was fatally injured. The occupant sustained multiple rib fractures, laceration of the right ventricle, and TRA, among other injuries ...
One of the leading causes of death in automotive crashes is traumatic rupture of the aorta (TRA) or blunt aortic injury (BAI). The risk of fatality is high if an aortic injury is not detected and treated promptly. The objective of this study is to investigate TRA mechanisms using finite element (FE) simulations of reconstructed real-world accidents involving aortic injury. For this application, a case was obtained from the William Lehman Injury Research Center (WLIRC), which is a Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network (CIREN) center. In this selected crash, the case vehicle was struck on the left side with a Principal Direction of Force (PDoF) of 290 degrees. The side structure of the case vehicle crushed a maximum of 0.33 m. The total delta-V was estimated to be 6.2 m/s. The occupant, a 62-year old mid-sized male, was fatally injured. The occupant sustained multiple rib fractures, laceration of the right ventricle, and TRA, among other injuries ...
By Eric Sundquist. Many studies have shown the poor suffer more injuries and deaths from crashes than do wealthier residents of a city. A new study suggests that the major reason is that poor people are simply exposed to more traffic and more complex intersections in their neighborhoods.. The study, in the American Journal of Public Health, examined crash injuries at intersections in Montreal. Intersections in poorer neighborhoods saw 3.9 times more cyclist crash injuries than in the richest neighborhoods. For motor vehicle occupants, the rate was for 4.3 higher; for pedestrians it was 6.3 higher.. Mean traffic volume at intersections in the poorest neighborhoods was 2.4 times higher than in the wealthiest neighborhoods. The poorest neighborhoods also had more intersections with arterials and a higher proportion of four-way (as opposed to three-way) intersections. And, relevant to pedestrian and cyclist injuries, a greater number residents in poorer neighborhoods used more vulnerable, non-auto ...
The University of Alberta and the University of California, San Francisco are teaming up to launch the worlds first Open Data Commons for preclinical Spinal Cord Injury research (ODC-SCI).. A consortium of international organizations will be providing $3.3 million CAD to help fund the initiative. The ODC-SCI will improve spinal cord injury research and treatment worldwide by reducing data bias and equipping scientists by making data more accessible.. "The ODC-SCI is a game-changer not only in research, but also for people like me who have an SCI," says Lucas-Osma. "Research often takes years. A worldwide open data commons will give researchers access to important data, and in the end, will improve studies and help us find better ways to treat SCIs. Because thats what its about - improving quality of life for people in my community." ...
The period of student engagement will take place over a period of several years. QISE-NET triplets will be brought into the program during the first year of operation through a series of quarterly proposal solicitations. Solicitations will be made only in the first year, to ensure that all triplets have a chance to fully integrate, mature and make progress on their projects, with a three year duration (renewal yearly by mutual agreement).. The typical award will consist of $10,000 per year to augment - not replace - the students current stipend, and will be used to reimburse travel to and local expenses at the company or national laboratory location for collaborative research, as well as for appropriate associated research expenses. Additional funding will be made available to allow for participation in the annual workshop.. This program will conduct yearly workshops for all of the participants at rotating locations. The workshops form an important mechanism for QISE-NET communications among ...
How do they work?. The curtain airbag activates instantaneously in the event of a side impact crash, deploying from the top of the door rails above the side window. They form a cushion between the driver or passenger and the window and stay in place if the car rolls over to protect their head.. Why do I need them?. Research conducted in the USA estimates that head protecting airbags can reduce driver deaths in the event of a side impact crash by close to 40%*. Without them, in a side impact crash there is little to protect your head from striking the side of the car or rigid objects like trees or poles.. How are curtain airbags different to other types of airbags?. Curtain airbags are one type of head protecting side airbag. There are other kinds too, such as combination head and torso designs.. Combination head and torso airbags mostly activate from the seat, but some types deploy from the door, offering you good protection to both head and body in side impact crashes. However, combination ...
Introduction: Helicopters play an important role in trauma; however, this service comes with safety risks, high transport costs, and downstream care charges. Objective: Our objective was to determine the characteristics of early discharged trauma patients (,24 h length of stay) in order to reduce overtriage. Methodology: Data were obtained from the trauma registries at one of two Level 1 trauma centers. Eligible patients included all scene trauma patients transported by helicopter to the Level 1 trauma centers from January 1, 2016, to December 31, 2017, who had a length of stay of 24 h or less. Patient factors such as age, gender, scene location, loaded miles, and transportation costs were collected. Trauma type, mechanism of injury, Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS), Injury Severity Score, Revised Trauma Score, and prehospital vital signs were documented. Driving distances between the accident scene to local hospital, home of record to local hospital, and home of record to the Level I trauma ...
Results 560 cases were identified; 77% were male and 32% were children ,18 years of age. Rollovers (45%) were most common, followed by striking an object (22%) and ejection/fall (13%). Collisions with a motorised vehicle occurred in 8% of patients. Speeds ,20 mph were associated with higher Max Head Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) scores than those ≤20 mph (p = 0.05). Crashes with speeds ,30 mph had higher Max Head AIS scores than those ≤30 mph (p = 0.014). Higher speeds were also associated with a trend towards lower patient Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores. Only about 20% of victims overall were wearing a helmet. Competitive racers, although helmeted, had more severe head injuries than all other victims. Competitive racers had lower GCS scores than their helmeted non-racing peers (p , 0.05). Non-racers without helmets had lower GCS scores than their helmeted peers (p = 0.003). ...
Characterization of injury severity is crucial to the scientific study of trauma, yet the actual measurement of injury severity began only 50 years ago. In 1969, researchers developed the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) to grade the severity of individual injuries.
... is progressing towards a cure. Several treatments are currently under development to try and provide functional recovery...
Retired Seahawks wideout Ricardo Lockette helped launch the Seattle Science Foundations Spinal Cord Injury Research on Tuesday night. News
(THIS WAS AN INFORMATIVE SPEECH I DID FOR MY COM220 CLASS ON THE STAGES OF SPINAL CORD INJURY RESEARCH. IT ACTED AS AN INTRODUCTION TO MY PERSUASIVE SPEECH...
Background: Admission hyperglycemia is associated with higher morbidity and mortality in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Stress-induced hyperglycemia (SIH), a form of hyperglycemia induced by the stress response, is associated with increased patient mortality following TBI. However, admission hyperglycemia occurs not only in SIH but also in patients with diabetic hyperglycemia (DH). Current information regarding whether trauma patients with SIH represent a distinct group with differential outcomes compared to those with DH remains limited. Methods: Serum glucose concentration ≥200 mg/dL upon arrival at the emergency department was defined as hyperglycemia. Presence of diabetes mellitus (DM) was determined by patient history and/or admission glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level ≥6.5%. In the present study, the patient cohort included those with moderate and severe TBI, as defined by an Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) score ≥3 points in the head, and excluded those who had additional AIS
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to quantify and compare dynamic motion responses between 50th percentile female and male volunteers in rear impact tests. These data are fundamental for developing future occupant models for crash safety development and assessment.. Methods: High-speed video data from a rear impact test series with 21 male and 21 female volunteers at 4 and 8 km/h, originally presented in Siegmund et al. (1997), were used for further analysis. Data from a subset of female volunteers, 12 at 4 km/h and 9 at 8 km/h, were extracted from the original data set to represent the 50th percentile female. Their average height was 163 cm and their average weight was 62 kg. Among the male volunteers, 11 were selected, with an average height of 175 cm and an average weight of 73 kg, to represent the 50th percentile male. Response corridors were generated for the horizontal and angular displacements of the head, T1 (first thoracic vertebra), and the head relative to T1. T-tests were ...
Juniper has put significant investment into network automation development by introducing training programs, cloud-based lab services, testing as a service, and the new Juniper Engineering Network
by Lessard Bonaventure, Paule and Lauzier, Francois and Zarychanski, Ryan and Boutin, Amélie and Shemilt, Michèle and Saxena, Manoj and Zolfagari, Parjam and Griesdale, Donald and Menon, David K and Stanworth, Simon and English, Shane and Chassé, Michaël and Fergusson, Dean A and Moore, Lynne and Kramer, Andreas and Robitaille, Amélie and Myburgh, John and Cooper, Jamie and Hutchinson, Peter and Turgeon, Alexis F and Canadian Traumatic Brain Injury R and Canadian Critical Care Trials Grp and Canadian Critical Care Trials Group and the Canadian Traumatic Brain Injury Research Consortium and the Canadian Critical Care Trials Group and the Canadian Traumatic Brain Injury Research Consortium ...
The BIRC-MS has a reputation for excellence in diagnosing and treating the symptoms resulting from traumatic brain injuries (TBI) as a result of investigators research.
Brain damage in the first week of life is behaviorally and anatomically devastating for a rat. I investigated the use of pre- and/or postnatal experience as interventions that might improve the outcomes in rats with ...
Mrs. Miller acknowledges that her mood is lower than usual, but she thinks it is related to her new onset of disability and that she will "snap out of it" in a few days. She has been subsequently diagnosed with depression by her physiatrist who thinks that her decline in mood and functioning might be addressed through a pharmacological intervention. ...
Nielson JL, Guandique CF, Liu AW, Burke DA, Lash AT, Moseanko R, Hawbecker S, Strand SC, Zdunowski S, Irvine KA, Brock JH, Nout-Lomas YS, Gensel JC, Anderson KD …
According to a University of Arizona (UArizona) study, exposure to blue light in the morning could re-entrain the circadian rhythm and improve sleep p
Get the Mais Gate afternoon weather forecast for today, tomorrow and 15 days including the afternoon high temperature, RealFeel and chance of precipitation for Mais Gate, Haiti from AccuWeather.com
Get the Mais Gate afternoon weather forecast for today, tomorrow and 15 days including the afternoon high temperature, RealFeel and chance of precipitation for Mais Gate, Haiti from AccuWeather.com
Order non-elastic strapping tape at FindTape, including rigid athletic tape used for strapping to limit range of motion. Filtered to Jaybird & Mais brand.
As neoplasias pulmonares primárias são pouco comuns em canídeos. Quando ocorrem nesta espécie verifica-se uma maior predisposição para animais mais velhos e de médio a grande porte. Em canídeos, o tipo histológico mais comum destes tumores é o adenocarcinoma, estando referidos o adenocarcinoma papilífero e o carcinoma bronquíoloalveolar como os mais frequentes. Estes tumores surgem normalmente como uma massa solitária. Os animais afectados são assintomáticos até estado avançado do desenvolvimento tumoral. Quando surgem sintomas, os mais comuns são a tosse e a dispneia. A síndrome paraneoplásica mais frequente é a osteopatia hipertrófica (OH). A radiografia torácica é o método mais utilizado no diagnóstico das neoplasias pulmonares primárias, detectando normalmente uma massa, encaminhando o tratamento para a remoção cirúrgica da mesma e ainda auxiliando à sua localização precisa. Outros métodos de diagnóstico usados frequentemente incluem a tomografia axial ...
Find soil sampling system articles on Environmental XPRT, the worlds largest environmental industry marketplace and information resource.
As played on The Far Side, Phantom 105.2, Tuesday August 4, 10pm-midnight Youll find a Spotify playlist based around last nights show here Florence & The Machine "Dog Days Are Over (Optimo remix)" (Moshi Moshi) Clock Opera "Once And For …. ...
A faixa-título: "Song of the Marching Children", de 18 minutos, parece a versão 2.0 de "Storm and Thunder", mais complexa, com mais Mellotrons, temas mais musicais, mais atmosferas e mais extravagância! A introdução é um pouco longa. Uma sinfonia de Mellotrons é usado neste música. É tão forte como um tema principal de um épico pode ser! A banda explora este achado agradável com muita paciência. Esta canção é o destaque da carreira de banda, a razão pela qual será lembrado em qualquer site progressivo Como todos os bons épicos. ...
Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuus millions of monthly readers. Title: Belvittà - Guia Profissional de Produtos, Author: Mais Estética, Name: Belvittà - Guia Profissional de Produtos, Length: 42 pages, Page: 1, Published: 2013-02-09
Jaybird & Mais Waterproof Tape is known for its strong adhesive quality and water resist features. It comes with a plastic casing for hygienic purposes.
De weg naar een perfecte tuin gaat niet over rozen. Lees over de belevenissen van een tuinkabouter die een echte tuinier wil worden. Boordevol zadenlijsten en heel veel tips en andere tuininformatie.
Tout Mais Le Coller" loosely translates to "everything but the stick," and that is what we went for in this beer that is meant to clone the flavors of an orange cream popcicle. We brewed this cream ale with our friends from Noble Ale Works, adding a confident dosing of both lactose and natural orange flavor, creating a beverage that will remind you of your youth. A sweet and creamy mouthfeel with that unforgetable bittersweet bite of an orange, peel and all. This beer is far from subtle in flavor and is a very fun one to share with friends.. ...
Os produtos Lifeloc são vendidos em mais de 60 países por nossa rede de distribuidores altamente qualificados. Atendemos os setores policial, de cuidados com a saúde e de controle em locais de trabalho.
Esta droga é tem aplicação clinica no tratamento da asma, porém é comumente usada por pessoas que procuram perder peso de maneira rápida, devido à sua atuação nos receptores adrenérgicos beta-2 (veja Suplementos para emagrecer ).. Apesar de ter efeitos similares à adrenalina, a atuação mais específica nos receptores beta origina um efeito mais potente, porém mais sujeito a platôs, devido a facilidade do organismo se adaptar a droga, o que exige doses mais altas e aumenta o potencial de riscos. Além da atuação em receptores adrenérgicos, me recordo de ter ouvido (e lido) algumas pessoas sugerirem a atuação do Clenbuterol ser mediada pela gordura marrom, entretanto isto é improvável em humanos.. Tem se atribuído também efeitos anabólicos e/ou anticatabólicos ao Clenbuterol e outros beta-agonistas, no entanto isto foi verificado somente em animais (DELDAY et al, 1997; HAYES et al, 1998; HUANG et al, 2000; REFELDT et al, 1997; SHARMA et al, 1997; VON DEUSTCH et al, 2000; ...
Tours of the laboratory are ongoing between 5-6:00pm. At 6:00, Dr. Wise Young presents a program on the latest in spinal cord injury research and clinical trials. We answer both group and individual questions as long as people have them. Questions, call 848.445.6573.. ...
NASS is a global multidisciplinary medical society that utilizes education, research and advocacy to foster the highest quality, ethical,​ value- and evidence-based spine care for patients.
NASS is a global multidisciplinary medical society that utilizes education, research and advocacy to foster the highest quality, ethical,​ value- and evidence-based spine care for patients.
A Não+Pêlo oferece serviços de Depilação pelo método de Fotodepilação, temos profissionais altamente qualificados na área de beleza, saúde e cuidados pessoais. Nossa especialidade é a eliminação de pelos por método de Fotodepilação, uma solução muito mais eficaz e duradoura, com um preço inacreditável. Consulte mais detalhes sobre o método de Depilação "Fotodepilação", assim como também nossas promoções disponíveis e informações mais detalhadas sobre a primeira Franquia especializada em Fotodepilação. ...
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Dr. G. spoke with me yesterday and suggested that I go to a hotel for the night so that I could actually get some sleep. Then he went on to tell me that Elisabeth was going to crash and she was going to crash hard, there really wasnt an easy way around it - and perhaps I wouldnt want to see it happen ...
Fluid sampling systems are disclosed. The sampling system has a flexible plastic container defining an interior chamber and an internal flow path comprising a proximal end and terminating in an open distal end. The flow path extends substantially into the interior chamber, providing the only access into and from the chamber.
हम optogenetic सिस्टम के साथ प्रयोग एक औंधा माइक्रोस्कोप के साथ प्रवाह में छवि कोशिकाओं रोगाणुओं की संस्कृतियों और नियमित रूप से रोशन...
우리는 거꾸로 현미경으로 유출 물에 미생물의 문화와 정기적으로 이미지 세포를 조명하기 optogenetic 시스템과 함께 사용 연속 배양 장치를 설계했다. 조명 동적 응답은 며칠에 걸쳐 측정 될 수 있도록 배양 샘플링, 촬상 한 화상 분석이 ...
We ran two shows for over 2000 school children in the region today, but Annie officially opens tomorrow night! The cast, crew and orchestra have worked extremely hard - trust me, I know. Alexandra and I have been there every night rehearsing until past 10:00. But its all worth it to see a truly amazing show come together ...
Há mais de 15 anos no mercado, a Yes! é a marca de cosméticos que mais cresce no Brasil. Temos ampla variedade de produtos com qualidade superior.
A inteligência não é afetada no hipotireoidismo de início tardio, porém a apatia e a letargia dão essa impressão. Apesar do ganho de peso ser possível e freque…
Ao fim de três dias de intensos testes o atual Campeão do Mundo de MotoGP Marc Marquez garantiu o melhor tempo.Segue os tempos registrados dos 3 dias de testes
Mais tu va y jouer quand dans deux mois il sortira sur PS2 aux States. Mais de toute façon tu ny jouait pas déjà sur step sur XBOX ...
Os moradores de Santa Maria tem tudo para comemorar essa virada de ano, pois a cidade está com várias obras em andamento ou com a verba já empenhada para o início logo
Hidroxitirosol pode ser o melhor antioxidante natural com efeitos desconhecidos até agora e para isso expõe uma série de conclusões que relatamos.
Saiba mais sobre os ingredientes e ingredientes chave Eucerin, e pesquise na nossa base de dados para obter informações mais completas.
Saiba mais sobre os ingredientes e ingredientes chave Eucerin, e pesquise na nossa base de dados para obter informações mais completas.
Além de arrasar nas passarelas, a apresentadora de Um Show de Noiva ainda exibe looks estilosos que são inspirações para qualquer mulher. Confira!
Pages 385-389 ZHU H, ZHANG H, WANG Y, CIREN D, DONG H, WU Q, REHMAN MU, NABI F, MEHMOOD K, XU J, LI J DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2016.16753 ...
Ce week-end était mon premier marché de Noël... et peut-être pas mon dernier mais en tout cas plus dans ces conditions!!!! Le week-end sest transformé en samedi seulement car vu
Veja as letras de Maximum The Hormone e ouça Whats Up, People?!, Zetsubou Billy, F, Buiikikaesu!, Yoshu Fukushu e muito mais músicas!
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TOC IN BRAIDE Ingredienti per 4 persone Farina di mais 200gr Acqua 2dl Latte 2dl Sale qb Formaggio di malga 100gr Ricotta fresca 100gr Caprino 100gr Latte
Baseado na arquitetura padrão da indústris, os servidores PRIMERGY são a melhor resposta para o desafio faça mais com menos. Os servidores PRIMERGY ajudam as organizações a melhorar sua eficiência operacional.
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Instrumentação, bem como uma variedade de reagentes com foco em células-tronco para citometria de fluxo, triagem celular, western blotting, ELISAs (ensaio de imunoabsorção enzimática), diferenciação celular e muito mais.
FEEDBACK XTIBIA! Ola caro membros xTibianos! como o fórum esta passando por mudanças em sua infraestrutura e algumas áreas, venho através desse tópico, pedir a colaboração de todos para melhorar com o nosso fórum!, o objetivo desse tópico é que os membros do fórum passem a usar com mais frequênci...
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Debate surrounds the utility of the Biofidelic Rear Impact Dummy (BioRID) anthropomorphic test device (ATD) for providing meaningful biomechanical metrics during rear impact and the appropriate criteria for interpreting the ATD response. In the current study, we performed a comparison of the kinematic and kinetic responses of the BioRID II and Hybrid III ATDs over a range of low- and moderate-speed rear impact conditions. A BioRID II and a midsize male Hybrid III were tested side-by-side in a series of rear impact sled tests. To evaluate occupant response in rear impact, the ATDs were positioned into front row standard production bucket seats, restrained by 3-point safety belts, and subjected to rear impacts with delta-Vs (ΔVs) of 2.2, 3.6, 5.4, and 6.7 m/s (5, 8, 12, and 15 mph). To further evaluate the effects of seat/restraint design on occupant responses, the ATDs were positioned into front row seats with integrated seat belts (all-belts-to-seats) and subjected to rear impacts with ΔVs of ...
Data & statistics on Injury Severity Score by Region: Injury Severity Score by Region, Clinical characteristics of the patients. AIShead, Abbreviated Injury Score for the cephalic region; ISS, Injury Severity Score; Ped., pedestrian; Traf., traffic accident, Total trauma admissions to each Trauma Service for 2002 with ISS |15. The Injury Severity Score, ISS, is a reflection of overall severity and probability of survival based on an anatomical injury severity classification, the AIS or Abbreviated Injury Scale. An ISS | 15 reflects serious injury. Ref: Baker SP, ONeill B, Haddon W, Long WB, The Injury Severity Score: A method for describing patients with ......
My sister had an automobile accident last week --(side impact crash with seatbelt worn). She has a past history of chronic bowel obstructions and 2 days after the accident she was admitted to the hosp...
Spinal Cord Injury Research Program at Mayo Clinic: Studying recovery, secondary complications & wellness for people with spinal cord injuries or diseases.
Learn more about Acute Kidney Injury research and clinical trials from experts at Boston Childrens, ranked best Childrens Hospital by US News.
Abbreviated injury scale MacKenzie EJ, Sacco WJ, Luchter S, et al. (December 2002). "Validating the Functional Capacity Index ... The FCI incorporates ten physical functions and gives each a numerical value on a scale of 0 to 100, with 100 representing no ... Segui-Gomez M, MacKenzie EJ (2003). "Measuring the public health impact of injuries". Epidemiologic Reviews. 25: 3-19. doi: ... Gotschall CS (December 2005). "The Functional Capacity Index, second revision: morbidity in the first year post injury". ...
The Abbreviated Injury Scale is an internationally accepted tool for assessing the injury severity of individual injuries. It ... The AAAM has furthered the development and publishes the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS), a widely used description system for ... This combination of clinical, research and administrative backgrounds forms a unique blend of leaders in traffic injury control ... contains no information on injury aggregation. The AIS codebook is protected by copyright. www.aaam.org. ...
... the Abbreviated Westmead PTA Scale (AWPTAS) assesses patients with mild traumatic brain injury. Although the GOAT has proved ... An abbreviated version has been developed to assess patients with mild traumatic brain injury, the Abbreviated Westmead PTA ... The WPTAS is suitable for patients with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury. An abbreviated version of the WPTAS, ... Mandleberg I. A. (1975). "Cognitive recovery after severe head injury: Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale during post-traumatic ...
... which are quantified with an injury severity score on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS). To assure their blunt trauma ... "The Injury Severity Score: a method for describing patients with multiple injuries and evaluating emergency care". The Journal ... Copes, W.S.; H.R. Champion; W.J. Sacco; M.M. Lawnick; S.L. Keast; L.W. Bain (1988). "The Injury Severity Score revisited". The ... Blunt Trauma Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) protects the wearer against injuries caused by blunt impacts. For law ...
Injuries are along the lines of cuts and scrapes, or minor burns. The Australasian Triage Scale (abbreviated ATS and formally ... Each category is scored from 0 to 5 using the Abbreviated Injury Scale, from uninjured to critically injured, which is then ... The scale has been in use since 1994. The scale consists of 5 levels, with 1 being the most critical (resuscitation), and 5 ... many soft tissue injuries). White / Dismiss (walking wounded): They have minor injuries; first aid and home care are sufficient ...
... from the English maximum abbreviated injury score). Based on this standard, serious injuries are defined as scale 3 and more ( ... Non-incapacitating evident injury: Any injury, other than a fatal injury or an incapacitating injury, which is evident to ... An injury for which a person is detained in hospital as an 'in- patient', injury or any of the following injuries whether or ... Incapacitating injury. Any injury, other than a fatal injury, which prevents the injured person from walking, driving or ...
The ISS is based (see below) upon the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS). To calculate an ISS for an injured person, the body is ... The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) is an anatomically based consensus-derived global severity scoring system that classifies ... each injury in every body region according to its relative severity on a six-point ordinal scale: Minor Moderate Serious Severe ... Copes, W.S.; H.R. Champion; W.J. Sacco; M.M. Lawnick; S.L. Keast; L.W. Bain (1988). "The Injury Severity Score revisited". The ...
Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI) is a very short form of estimating intellectual functioning.[11] ... Each subtest score is tallied and calculated with respect to neurotypical or brain-injury norms. As the WAIS is developed for ... included a non-verbal performance scale.[6][7]. Point scale concept[edit]. In the Binet scales (prior to the 1986 version) ... The Non-Verbal Performance Scale[edit]. The non-verbal performance scale was also a critical difference from the Binet scale. ...
The first cohort included patients with blunt multisystem or blunt mechanism traumas with an Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) ... Patients in the third cohort had a blunt single-system injury with an AIS score ≥ 3 in only one AIS body region, with the ... The cohorts are as follows: Blunt multisystem injury with an AIS > 3 in a least two regions of the body Penetrating truncal ... The second cohort was composed of trauma patients with penetrating truncal injuries with an AIS score ≥ 3 in at least one ...
... may refer to: Abbreviated Injury Scale Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome Athens Insomnia Scale Advanced Info Service, Thai ...
... abbreviated injury scale MeSH N05.715.360.300.715.500.800.325 --- glasgow coma scale MeSH N05.715.360.300.715.500.800.335 --- ... glasgow outcome scale MeSH N05.715.360.300.715.500.800.400 --- injury severity score MeSH N05.715.360.300.715.550 --- nursing ...
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Abbreviated Injury Scale - Acetabular fracture - Acheiropodia - Achilles ... Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal injuries, sports injuries, degenerative ... Soft tissue injury - Southwick angle - Speed's test - Spina bifida occulta - Spinal curvature - Spinal fracture - Spinal fusion ... Crush injury - Crush syndrome - Cubitus valgus - Cubitus varus - Cunningham shoulder reduction - Currarino syndrome Danis-Weber ...
... may refer to: Mallya Aditi International School Maximum Abbreviated Injury Scale, a code used by medical professionals to ... describe the most severe injury that a trauma patient has sustained under the Abbreviated Injury Scale Mild androgen ...
... abbreviated injury scale MeSH N04.452.859.564.800.250 --- glasgow coma scale MeSH N04.452.859.564.800.260 --- glasgow outcome ... scale MeSH N04.452.859.564.800.500 --- injury severity score MeSH N04.452.859.675 --- nursing records MeSH N04.452.859.819 --- ... relative value scales MeSH N04.452.394 --- governing board MeSH N04.452.394.600 --- trustees MeSH N04.452.442 --- hospital ...
The abbreviated injury scale and the Glasgow coma scale are used commonly to quantify injuries for the purpose of triaging and ... Injury prevention strategies are commonly used to prevent injuries in children, who are a high risk population. Injury ... The healing time of an injury depends on various factors including sex, age, and the severity of injury. The symptoms of injury ... Various scales exist to provide a quantifiable metric to measure the severity of injuries. The value may be used for triaging a ...
Orthopaedics Abbreviated Injury Scale Harris Hip Score Injury Severity Score Kocher criteria Mirel's Score NACA score Ottawa ...
... training for medical doctors dealing with trauma Revised Trauma Score Injury Severity Score Abbreviated Injury Scale Triage ... When it comes to managing injuries, head and neck injures require the most care post surgery. Head-injuries are one of the ... In medicine, traumatology (from Greek trauma, meaning injury or wound) is the study of wounds and injuries caused by accidents ... Medical Traumatology can be defined as the study of specializing in the treatment of wounds and injuries caused by violence or ...
... injury is one with a score of 4+ on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) (Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine ... The Head Injury Criterion (HIC) is a measure of the likelihood of head injury arising from an impact. The HIC can be used to ... At a HIC of 1000, there is an 18% probability of a severe head injury, a 55% probability of a serious injury and a 90% ... According to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, head injury risk is evaluated mainly on the basis of head injury ...
... the Abbreviated Westmead PTA Scale (AWPTAS), has been developed to assess patients with mild traumatic brain injury. The WPTAS ... Use of the Westmead PTA scale to monitor recovery of memory after mild head injury. Brain Injury, 18(6), 603-614. Shores, E. A ... The severity of injury is based on the time it takes for an individual to emerge from PTA. The Westmead PTA Scale utilises the ... The WPTAS was designed for patients with closed traumatic brain injury, and subsequent research on the scale has centred on ...
"Abbreviated Injury Scale". trauma.org. Archived from the original on 6 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-23. Abbreviated injury ... Severity of score Abbreviated Injury Score-Code is on a scale of one to six, one being a minor injury and six being maximal ( ... crush injury to the head. The AIS scale is a measurement tool for single injuries. A universally accepted injury aggregation ... The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) is an anatomical-based coding system created by the Association for the Advancement of ...
Based on the Glasgow Coma Scale severity is classified as follows, severe brain injuries score 3-8, moderate brain injuries ... A head injury is any injury that results in trauma to the skull or brain. The terms traumatic brain injury and head injury are ... "TBI , Traumatic Brain Injury , Traumatic Brain Injury Resources , Brain Injury Support , Brain Injury Information". www. ... Diffuse axonal injury[edit]. Main article: Diffuse axonal injury. Diffuse axonal injury, or DAI, usually occurs as the result ...
Abbreviated Injury Scale. *NACA score. Investigations. *Diagnostic peritoneal lavage. *Focused assessment with sonography for ... Overuse injuries[edit]. An overuse injury occurs when a certain activity is repeated frequently, and the body doesn't have ... A Soft tissue injury (STI) is the damage of muscles, ligaments and tendons throughout the body. Common soft tissue injuries ... Rest: It is suggested that you take a break from the activity that caused the injury in order to give the injury time to heal. ...
Abbreviated Injury Scale. *NACA score. Investigations. *Diagnostic peritoneal lavage. *Focused assessment with sonography for ... "Child PTSD Symptom Scale". International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies.. *^ Foa EB, Johnson KM, Feeny NC, Treadwell KR ( ... doi:10.1016/j.injury.2012.02.015. PMID 22409991.. *^ Kassam-Adams N, Marsac ML, Hildenbrand A, Winston F (December 2013). " ... These include the Child PTSD Symptom Scale (CPSS),[115][116] Child Trauma Screening Questionnaire,[117][118] and UCLA ...
Abbreviated Injury Scale. *NACA score. Investigations. *Diagnostic peritoneal lavage. *Focused assessment with sonography for ... "Injury. 41 (4): 329-334. doi:10.1016/j.injury.2009.08.007.. *^ Ringleb, Stacie I.; Dhakal, Ajaya; Anderson, Claude D.; Bawab, ... Many different knee injuries can happen. Three percent of knee injuries are acute traumatic patellar dislocations.[25] Because ... as injury to these structures may occur during the injury or during the reduction process.[3] Subsequent imaging studies are ...
Tumwine sustained facial injuries that led to loss of sight in one eye.[5] In 1984, Tumwine was named Commander of the Army, a ... abbreviated:BA(FA)/Dip. Ed. He specialised in the history of art painting. ... Uganda Small Scale Industries Association (USSIA). *Uganda Leather Allied Industries Association (ULAIA) ...
Obstetrics and gynecology (often abbreviated as OB/GYN (American English) or Obs & Gynae (British English)) are concerned ... Physical medicine and rehabilitation (or physiatry) is concerned with functional improvement after injury, illness, or ... This welfare system the church funded through collecting taxes on a large scale and possessing large farmlands and estates. The ... In Canada and the United States of America, a Doctor of Medicine degree, often abbreviated M.D., or a Doctor of Osteopathic ...
"Abbreviated Injury Scale". trauma.org. Archived from the original on 6 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-23. Abbreviated injury ... Severity of score Abbreviated Injury Score-Code is on a scale of one to six, one being a minor injury and six being maximal ( ... crush injury to the head. The AIS scale is a measurement tool for single injuries. A universally accepted injury aggregation ... The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) is an anatomical-based coding system created by the Association for the Advancement of ...
The ISS is the sum of the squares of the three worst Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) values from three body regions. Patients ... is widely used as a method for rating severity of injury. ... Specific abbreviated injury scale values are responsible for ... The ISS is the sum of the squares of the three worst Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) values from three body regions. Patients ... BACKGROUND: The Injury Severity Score (ISS) is widely used as a method for rating severity of injury. ...
What is abbreviated injury scale? Meaning of abbreviated injury scale medical term. What does abbreviated injury scale mean? ... Looking for online definition of abbreviated injury scale in the Medical Dictionary? abbreviated injury scale explanation free ... abbreviated injury scale. Also found in: Acronyms. Abbreviated Injury Scale. A scoring system for rating the survivability of a ... The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS)[5] was used to assess the severity of injuries, and an Injury Severity Score (ISS)[6] was ...
Using the abbreviated injury severity and glasgow coma scale scores to predict 2-week mortality after traumatic brain injury. ... Using the abbreviated injury severity and glasgow coma scale scores to predict 2-week mortality after traumatic brain injury. ... Using the abbreviated injury severity and glasgow coma scale scores to predict 2-week mortality after traumatic brain injury. ... Using the abbreviated injury severity and glasgow coma scale scores to predict 2-week mortality after traumatic brain injury. ...
This study assessed whether implementing a severity threshold would improve occupational injury surveillance. Methods: Hospital ... incidence are also affected by trends in health care practices and payer coverage that may differentially impact minor injuries ... injury severity; abbreviated injury scale; injury trends; injury surveillance; occupational injuries; hospital discharge data; ... Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Models; Injury-prevention; Preventive-medicine; Surveillance-programs; Workers; Work-environment ...
Committee on Injury Scaling. The abbreviated injury scale, 2005 revision. Park Ridge, IL: American Association for Automotive ... Injury severity was coded with the Abbreviated Injury Scale (4). Investigators also conducted site visits to major shrimp ... Data on nonfatal injuries during the same period were collected from a U.S. Coast Guard database. The nature of injury and body ... Injuries involving the deck winch drum (Figure) had a higher risk for fatal outcomes compared with injuries involving the winch ...
The Abbreviated Injury Scale, 1990 Revision. Des Plains (IL): Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 1990. ... CDC estimated the severity of TBI by using NHDS data, classified according to ICD-9-CM-derived Abbreviated Injury Scale23 (ICD/ ... Brain Injury 1996;10:47-54.. *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. ... Epidemiology of head injury. In: Cooper PR, editor. Head Injury, 3rd ed. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1993;1-25. ...
Injuries are coded according the Abbreviated Injury Scale scoring system, and the Injury Severity Score is calculated from this ... 6. Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine (USA). The Abbreviated Injury Scale. 1990 revision. Des Plaines, ... 5: Factors associated significantly more frequently with major injury (Injury Severity Score6 , 15) than minor injury resulting ... Major injury is also more likely in accidents occurring in rural areas. Sealing of roads and injury prevention programs (such ...
AIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale. TBI, traumatic brain injury.. ... Glasgow Coma Scale ≤8 (%). 36.6. 33.5. 30.3. 33.4. ≤ 0.001. ... Injury Severity Score (MV, SD). 29.2 ± 12.8. 28.6 ± 12.0. 28.2 ± 11.5. 28.7 ± 12.1. 0.100. ...
MacKenzie EJ, Shapiro S, Eastham JN (1985) The abbreviated injury scale and injury severity score. Med Care 23:823-835PubMed ... American Association for Automotive Medicine (1985) Abbreviated injury scale, 1985 revision. American Association for ... American Association for Automotive Medicine (1990) Abbreviated injury scale, 1990 revision. American Association for ... Bull JP, Dickson GR (1991) Injury scoring by TRISS and ISS/age. Injury 21:127-131CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
Registry data were reviewed to identify patients with severe head injury, defined as Head/Neck Abbreviated Injury Scale score ... Analysis of heart-rate variability: a noninvasive predictor of death and poor outcome in patients with severe head injury J ... We measured HRV in patients with severe head injury to assess its potential as a monitoring tool. ...
Abbreviated injury scale. BMI. Body mass index. CNS. Central nervous system. DGU. German Society for Trauma Surgery ... Injury. 2013;44(9):1145-52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2012.10.038.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Boulanger BR, Milzman D, Mitchell K, Rodriguez A. Body habitus as a predictor of injury pattern after blunt trauma. J Trauma. ... Multivariate linear regression model with Glasgow Outcome Scale as dependent variable, including the confounding variables age ...
Table 2 Abbreviated injury scale (AIS), Head Injury Criterion (HIC), and symptoms of head injury19 ... Figure 1 shows HIC versus music tempo and thresholds for severity of head injury according to abbreviated injury scale 1, 2, ... HIC was related to the abbreviated injury scale and established injury thresholds (table 2).⇓ ⇓ It is recognised that there are ... predicts that the activity will result in abbreviated injury scale level 3 injuries, and that the range of motion of the head ...
Technique in obstetric anal-Abbreviated injury scale (AIS). Trauma scale first gesia whereby negative pressure is applied to the ... abbreviated injury scale Management includes laparotomy and leaving the abdomenand age. A logistic regression equation is used ... altered pain response (head injury, spinal cord injury, l Dosage: 50 mg orally once daily, increasing up to 200 mg drugs, etc ... using aTrauma scale derived from the Glasgow coma scale, sys- water column manometer.tolic BP, revised trauma score, ...
... is an Injury Severity Score (ISS) > 15. In contrast, Swiss highly specialized... ... Mortality prediction of head Abbreviated Injury Score and Glasgow Coma Scale: analysis of 7,764 head injuries. J Am Coll Surg. ... Same Abbreviated injury scale values may be associated with different risks to mortality in trauma patients: a cross-sectional ... Gennarelli T. The Abbreviated Injury Scale-1990 revision. Des Plaines: American Association for the Advancement of Automotive ...
Rehabilitation of Executive Functions in Patients with Chronic Acquired Brain Injury with Goal Management Training, External ... Wechsler, D. (1999). Manual for the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation. ... Brain injury, 18, 1067-1081. doi:10.1080/02699050410001672387 Manly, T., Hawkins, K., Evans, J., Woldt, K., & Robertson, I.H. ( ... Mausbach, B.T., Harvey, P.D., Goldman, S.R., Jeste, D.V., & Patterson, T.L. (2007). Development of a brief scale of everyday ...
6. The abbreviated injury scale 1990 revision. Des Plaines, Ill: American Association for the Advancement of Automotive ... The ISS is calculated using the Abbreviated Injury Scale scoring system, which was first introduced in 1969 by the American ... and is calculated as the sum of the square of the highest Abbreviated Injury Scale code in each of the three most severely ... The number of injuries over the 2 years of reported data provides strong evidence of a high burden of injury in Australasia, ...
Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) Cdc-ppt. [PPT - 145 KB] (Sept 2006). Contacts: Maria Segui-Gomez ... Injury Data Classification on Injury Research: The Pedestrian Injuries Case in Mexico Cdc-ppt. [PPT - 1.6 MB] (June 2005). ... Definition of Injury. *Improving Reporting of Work Injuries: Proposal for Developing Definitions for use in Injury Surveys Cdc- ... Injury Indicators: A Validation Tool Cdc-pdf. [PDF - 56 KB]. *Recommendations for Australian Injury Indicators Cdc-ppt. [PPT - ...
AIS-Abbreviated Injury Scale • OR-odds ratio • CI-confidence interval. REFERENCES. *↵. Winston FK, Durbin DR, Kallan MJ, Moll ... Head injuries were followed by face injuries for backless BPB seats and abdominal injuries for high-back BPB seats. Of those ... For both types of BPB seats, head injuries were the most common injury sustained, representing 59% and 73% of injuries for ... abdominal injuries were the second most common injuries for belted children as a result of "seat-belt syndrome" injuries. ...
Abbreviated Injury Scale. GCS. Glasgow Coma Scale. NOM. Non-operative management. ICU. Intensive care unit ... Long-term disability associated with flail chest injury. Am J Surg. 1985;150(3):324-6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar ... Long-term disability after flail chest injury. J Trauma. 1984;24(5):410-4.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar ... Long-term morbidity, pain, and disability after repair of severe chest wall injuries. Am Surg. 2009;75(5):389-94.PubMedGoogle ...
Abbreviated Injury Scale. Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American ... It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for ... Any of a variety of eruptive skin disorders characterized by erythema, oozing, vesiculation, and scaling. Etiology is varied. ... These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS). ...
Abbreviated Injury Scale. Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American ... It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for ... These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS). ... assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. ...
Abbreviated Injury Scale. Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American ... Contrecoup Injury. An injury in which the damage is located on the opposite side of the primary impact site. A blow to the back ... Cold Injury. A physical injury caused by exposure of the body to extremely low ambient temperatures that may lead to loss of ... Smoke Inhalation Injury. Pulmonary injury following the breathing in of toxic smoke from burning materials such as plastics, ...
Abbreviated Injury Scale:. Head. Face. Chest. Abdomen. Extremity. External. ISS:. Systolic BP. ... Trauma Score - Injury Severity Score : TRISS TRISS determines the probability of survival (Ps) of a patient from the ISS and ...
  • It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Ten years later, in 1959, James Gibson, an experimental psychologist who applied traditional epidemiologic methods to the study of injuries, concluded that injuries to a living organism can be produced only by some form of energy exchange ( 6 ). (cdc.gov)
  • METHODS This retrospective observational study was based on the American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Program database, which was searched for all patients with isolated severe blunt head injury who had an ICP monitor placed in the 2-year period from 2013 to 2014. (tripdatabase.com)
  • METHODS Case-control study of 78 children presenting to an accident and emergency (A&E) department having sustained an injury while travelling in a car, and 97 children attending an A&E outpatient clinic with conditions unrelated to road traffic accidents. (bmj.com)
  • This training covers the history of injury scaling methods, coding rules and conventions, and methods for assessing the multiple injury patient. (in.us)
  • See other sections for specific triage tools, methods, and systems Simple triage is usually used in a scene of an accident or "mass-casualty incident" (MCI), in order to sort patients into those who need critical attention and immediate transport to the hospital and those with less serious injuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Development and validation of a complementary map to enhance the existing 1998 to 2008 Abbreviated Injury Scale map. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Here, the authors sought to profile the epidemiology and clinical risk of traumatic spinal injuries (TSIs) in pediatric sports injuries. (thejns.org)
  • From a clinical perspective, trauma secondary to inertial loads belongs to the lower end of the Abbreviated Injury Scale, and no specific diagnostic techniques are available to quantitatively document the injury. (sae.org)
  • This investigation will explore the impact of 8 weeks of citicoline treatment on cognitive function, clinical state and substance use in 40 individuals with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The Wechsler-Bellevue tests were innovative in the 1930s because they: gathered tasks created for nonclinical purposes for administration as a "clinical test battery", used the point scale concept instead of the age scale, and included a non-verbal performance scale. (wikipedia.org)
  • This combination of clinical, research and administrative backgrounds forms a unique blend of leaders in traffic injury control and it is these professionals who comprise the AAAM membership. (wikipedia.org)
  • Injury severity scoring is indispensable in stratifying patients into comparable groups for prospective clinical trials. (medscape.com)
  • In this study, we tested the clinical feasibility and reliability of a novel pre-operative risk scoring system (EDH-MCI scale) in the guidance of surgical decision-making. (jove.com)
  • The WPTAS was designed for patients with closed traumatic brain injury, and subsequent research on the scale has centred on this clinical population. (wikipedia.org)
  • Apply basic principles of injury scoring in clinical and research scenarios. (slideserve.com)
  • The current investigation highlights the possible relationship between parent's mental health status and children's HRQL long after an injury, which should be considered in future investigations and in clinical care. (springer.com)
  • The NSW Trauma Services Plan requires NSW ITIM to monitor and report on the performance of individual Trauma Services to ensure that performance is consistent with the standard of care, and to manage a state-wide clinical injury data collection process. (nsw.gov.au)
  • Clinical neuropsychological assessment: Abbreviating the Halstead Category Test of brain dysfunction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many additions and changes to the measure have been made over time to improve interpretability of the original Clinical Scales. (wikipedia.org)
  • Restructuring the Clinical Scales was the initial step toward addressing the remaining psychometric and theoretical problems of the MMPI-2. (wikipedia.org)
  • The MMPI-2-RF was constructed using a similar rationale used to create the Restructured Clinical (RC) Scales. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study encompasses the largest series of injured bicyclists reported to date and provides important information on the epidemiology of bicycle crashes and risk factors associated with severe injury. (bmj.com)
  • This discovery helped clarify the energy transfer theory of injury causation as the missing component in understanding the epidemiology of traffic injuries ( Figure 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Among those admitted, significantly fewer (p = 0.001) motorcyclists (32.2%) sustained head injury compared with other MVI victims (46.8%) but among the motorcyclists with head injury, more than one third (34.2%) had severe head injury. (bmj.com)
  • American Association for Automotive Medicine (1985) Abbreviated injury scale, 1985 revision. (springer.com)
  • The original WAIS (Form I) was published in February 1955 by David Wechsler, as a revision of the Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Scale, released in 1939. (wikipedia.org)
  • By the 1920s, the Liturgical Movement still did not advocate a full-scale revision of the rite of Mass. However it argued for changes to practices such as: The priest blessing the Host and chalice with many signs of the cross after the consecration, while on the other hand speaking before the consecration of already offering a sacrifice. (wikipedia.org)
  • An AIS-Code of 6 is not the arbitrary code for a deceased patient or fatal injury, but the code for injuries specifically assigned an AIS 6 severity. (wikipedia.org)
  • No international comparisons of non-fatal injury were undertaken as it was agreed at the outset the threats to validity of such an exercise and the difficulties associated with obtaining data precluded this. (cdc.gov)
  • While counting and comparing deaths from injury is less problematic than comparisons of non-fatal injury rates, it can still produce results that are unreliable or difficult to interpret. (cdc.gov)
  • Figure 1 shows a recent comparison of New Zealand with a selection of other similar countries using data on all fatal injuries combined from 2000-2002 1 . (cdc.gov)
  • To analyze fatal and nonfatal injuries involving deck winches in the Southern shrimp fleet during 2000-2011, CDC obtained data from its Commercial Fishing Incident Database and the U.S. Coast Guard. (cdc.gov)
  • During 2000-2011, eight fatal and 27 work-related injuries involving deck winches occurred in the Southern shrimp fleet, which operates in the Gulf of Mexico and off the Atlantic coast from Florida to North Carolina. (cdc.gov)
  • Data on fatal injuries in the Southern shrimp fleet involving winches during 2000-2011 were identified in the Commercial Fishing Incident Database, a CDC surveillance system. (cdc.gov)
  • Comprises order to reduce labour pain and possibly shorten labour.a classification of injuries with each given a 6-digit code (the Thought to act by making the uterus more spherical duringlast indicating severity, with 1 ¼ minor and 6 ¼ fatal). (slideshare.net)
  • 3 As the likelihood of surviving serious injury rises, 4 reducing the burden of non-fatal injury should be a priority. (mja.com.au)
  • Quantifying the burden of injury informs the development of primary prevention strategies for reducing fatal and non-fatal injury rates. (mja.com.au)
  • The influence of factors such as age, motor vehicle involvement, and speed at the time of the crash on the severity of non-fatal injuries is largely unknown. (bmj.com)
  • One purpose was also to adopt this method in a data collection of fatal crashes in Sweden and examine injury causation mechanisms. (diva-portal.org)
  • In this study, a decision analysis was applied to determine the potential reduction in the rate of fatal and nonfatal head injuries associated with crashes, based upon the universal wearing of head protection while riding on ATVs. (cdc.gov)
  • Taking into account the social direct and indirect costs of fatal and nonfatal head injuries at a 5% discount rate, US$364,306 could be saved per injury averted over a 50-year period if there were universal wearing of head protection by ATV drivers. (cdc.gov)
  • AIMS To quantify the increased risk of non-fatal injury when children travel unrestrained in a car, and to identify other preventable risk factors. (bmj.com)
  • 1 Of those children killed or seriously injured in a road traffic accident, 16% are car passengers, 2 and 10% of all fatal injuries to children occur in this group. (bmj.com)
  • 11 12 We report a case-control study of the effectiveness of seat restraint use, which was designed to overcome some of these shortcomings, to quantify the increased risk of non-fatal injury to which children are exposed when they travel unrestrained in a car, and to identify any other potentially preventable risk factors. (bmj.com)
  • 0. No fatal injury occurred during the study period. (bmj.com)
  • The burden of fatal and hospitalised injuries among pedal cyclists is considerable and has been increasing over the last decade. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The objectives of this study were to describe characteristics of occupants in the front and rear rows of model year 2000 and newer vehicles involved in crashes and determine the risk of serious injury for restrained crash-involved rear row occupants and the relative risk of fatal injury for restrained rear row vs. front passenger seat occupants by age group, impact direction, and vehicle model year. (iihs.org)
  • The definitions used in the USA are as follows: Fatal injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Any injury, other than a fatal injury, which prevents the injured person from walking, driving or normally continuing the activities the person was capable of performing before the injury occurred. (wikipedia.org)
  • Non-incapacitating evident injury: Any injury, other than a fatal injury or an incapacitating injury, which is evident to observers at the scene of the crash in which the injury occurred. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was the first Formula One season since 1994 to see an accident with ultimately fatal consequences as Jules Bianchi succumbed to the injuries he sustained during the 2014 Japanese Grand Prix. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kingma J, ten Vergert EM, Werkman HA, ten Duis HJ, Klasen HJ (1994) A turbo pascal program to convert ICD-9CM coded injury diagnosis into injury severity scores: ICDTOAIS. (springer.com)
  • Manual coding of all injuries was performed and ISS and NISS scores were calculated for both versions of the AIS scale. (springer.com)
  • Decreased mental health in parents was associated with lower scores on parent proxy reports and child self-reports of HRQL after injury. (springer.com)
  • Inclusion criteria were age younger than 19 years and head Abbreviated Injury Scale scores of 4, 5, or 6. (thejns.org)
  • The CD-RISC consists of 25 items, which are evaluated on a five point Likert scale ranging from 0-4: not true at all (0), rarely true (1), sometimes true (2), often true (3), and true nearly all of the time (4) - these ratings result in a number between 0-100, and higher scores indicate higher resilience. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scores on the CD-RISC have been compared to several scales designed to measure the same or a similar construct. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery (HRNB) and allied procedures is a comprehensive suite of neuropsychological tests used to assess the condition and functioning of the brain, including etiology, type (diffuse vs. specific), localization and lateralization of brain injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Training of deckhands in first aid and emergency procedures might reduce the severity of injuries when entanglements occur. (cdc.gov)
  • Patients Individuals treated in the emergency department or dying from bicycle related injuries. (bmj.com)
  • In the United States, the toll of bicycle injuries is approximately 900 deaths, 23 000 hospital admissions, 580 000 emergency department visits, and approximately 1.2 million physician office visits each year. (bmj.com)
  • There are now numerous reports in the literature on bicycle injuries from medical examiner offices, hospitals, and emergency departments. (bmj.com)
  • Nearly 180,000 persons die each year from unintentional injuries or from acts of violence, and one in 10 sustains a nonfatal injury serious enough to require treatment in a hospital emergency department ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • This study aimed to determine the injuries sustained by helmeted motorcyclists presenting to the emergency Department (ED). (bmj.com)
  • Inclusion criterion was initial diagnosis 'multiple-organ injury' among patients transported by the Emergency Medical Service (EMS). (aaem.pl)
  • Cases were all 78 children aged 13 years and under presenting to the accident and emergency (A&E) department at the Royal Aberdeen Children's Hospital with injuries sustained in a RTA while travelling as a passenger between December 1989 and November 1990. (bmj.com)
  • Dr. Amado Alejandro Báez MD MSc initiated his involvement with trauma and injuries while working as an Emergency medical Services provider in Santo Domingo Dominican Republic in the early 1990's. (slideserve.com)
  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an important cause of hospital admission for older adults, and in the USA is responsible for over 80 000 emergency department visits annually. (bmj.com)
  • Depending on the injury, treatment required may be minimal or may include interventions such as medications, emergency surgery or surgery years later. (wikipedia.org)
  • Comparing injury rates from different countries can suggest priorities for research and intervention, and provide insights into the effectiveness of prevention strategies. (cdc.gov)
  • This programme of research has been commissioned by the New Zealand Injury Prevention Strategy (NZIPS) secretariat. (cdc.gov)
  • They also inform injury prevention strategies, monitor changing patterns of injury and associated management, and facilitate comparison of management across institutions. (mja.com.au)
  • 2004) World report on road traffic injury prevention. (scirp.org)
  • Lindqvist, K., Timpka, T. and Schelp, L. (2001) Evaluation of inter-organizational traffic injury prevention in a WHO Safe Community. (scirp.org)
  • Lindqvist, K., Timpka, T. and Schelp, L. (1996) Ten years of experiences from a participatory community-based injury prevention program in Motala, Sweden. (scirp.org)
  • Svanstr?m, L. (2000) Evidence-based injury prevention and safety promotion: State-of-the-art. (scirp.org)
  • ED-based injury surveillance is essential to understand disparities, inform targets for prevention programs, and reduce the overall burden of childhood injuries. (nih.gov)
  • Conclusions Prevention of serious bicycle injuries cannot be accomplished through helmet use alone, and may require separation of cyclists from motor vehicles, and delaying cycling until children are developmentally ready. (bmj.com)
  • Such information is necessary to develop prevention strategies for those bicyclist injuries not amenable to the effective protection offered by helmets. (bmj.com)
  • The science of injury prevention and control encompasses activities from primary prevention through treatment and rehabilitation. (cdc.gov)
  • Since 1961, when MMWR was first published by CDC, progress has been made in developing the science of injury prevention and control, creating surveillance systems to capture injury mechanisms and intent, and establishing a scientific framework to address injury prevention and treatment. (cdc.gov)
  • Many public health officials believed that injury prevention was outside the realm of scientific inquiry because it could not be predicted or controlled. (cdc.gov)
  • Injury or accident prevention progressed largely by trial and error. (cdc.gov)
  • It is the first and premier professional multidisciplinary organization dedicated entirely to the prevention and control of injuries from motor vehicle crashes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The benefits of becoming a nationally trained trauma registrar include a standardized approach for valid data collection for use in supporting the trauma programs efforts in research, performance improvement & patient safety, and injury prevention. (in.us)
  • This underscores the development of road safety and injury prevention programmes for cyclists alongside the cycling promotion strategies. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The plan also positions NSW ITIM to develop partnerships with injury stakeholders in order to build an improved critical mass for research and education across the spectrum of trauma prevention care and rehabilitation. (nsw.gov.au)
  • Our data indicate that injury prevention initiatives should focus on home safety. (bmj.com)
  • matching was based on the following criteria: intubation at the accident site, rescue resources, Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) of the body regions, systolic blood pressure, year of the accident, and age. (hindawi.com)
  • Conclusions: Severity restriction may improve occupational injury trend estimates by reducing temporal biases such as increasingly restrictive hospital admission practices, constricting workers' compensation coverage, and decreasing identification/reporting of minor work-related injuries. (cdc.gov)
  • Conclusions Important early predictors of work absence at 12 or 24 months following injury are multidimensional and have a time dependent pattern. (bmj.com)
  • Though Connor and Davidson (2003) did not find gender differences in their sample when developing the CD-RISC, subsequent findings regarding gender differences within the CD-RISC have supported two other conclusions: Higher Resilience in Men Campbell-Sills, Forde, and Stein (2009) found that in a large-scale community sample, men report higher levels of resilience than women when assessed with the CD-RISC. (wikipedia.org)
  • The point scale concept significantly changed the way testing was done by assigning credits or points to each item. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, the application of chamois or chalk over the head, a common practice among safety researchers to detect racial lacerations and head contacts, was found to significantly lower Head Injury Criteria values for all impact locations. (sae.org)
  • The report also provided data showing clearly that helmets significantly reduce the risk of brain injury and death but with no increased risk of crash involvement or neck injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, the CD-RISC significantly negatively correlated with both the Perceived Stress Scale and the Sheehan Stress Vulnerability Scale. (wikipedia.org)
  • The major changes the owners wanted implemented in the next agreement were to significantly reduce the players' percentage of revenue, to extend the regular season from 16 to 18 games, and establish a rookie wage scale and/or rookie salary cap that would limit first-round draft pick compensation. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is necessary to note that the use of resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta may increase bleeding in sites proximal to occlusions, even in the case of minor injuries without active bleeding at the initial diagnosis. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Most data were recorded prospectively, but data on the mechanism of injury, the number of participants on the trampoline at the time of injury, adult supervision and whether the activity occurred at school or in another organised setting were collected retrospectively. (bmj.com)
  • However, the physical examination and mechanism of injury should be used to guide the evaluation and choice of diagnostic testing. (ebmedicine.net)
  • The history and physical examination, combined with the mechanism of injury, should be used to develop a thoughtful and directed diagnostic workup. (ebmedicine.net)
  • During 2000-2011, a total of 35 work-related injuries involving deck winches occurred in the Southern shrimp fleet, an average of three per year. (cdc.gov)