Abbreviated Injury Scale: Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).Injury Severity Score: An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Trauma Severity Indices: Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.Accidents, Traffic: Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.Wounds, Nonpenetrating: Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.Trauma Centers: Specialized hospital facilities which provide diagnostic and therapeutic services for trauma patients.Craniocerebral Trauma: Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.Brain Injuries: Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.Athletic Injuries: Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.Spinal Cord Injuries: Penetrating and non-penetrating injuries to the spinal cord resulting from traumatic external forces (e.g., WOUNDS, GUNSHOT; WHIPLASH INJURIES; etc.).Reperfusion Injury: Adverse functional, metabolic, or structural changes in ischemic tissues resulting from the restoration of blood flow to the tissue (REPERFUSION), including swelling; HEMORRHAGE; NECROSIS; and damage from FREE RADICALS. The most common instance is MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION INJURY.
(1/79) Outcome after severe head injury treated by an integrated trauma system.

OBJECTIVES: To describe outcome after treatment of severe head injury within an integrated trauma system. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all patients with severe head injury admitted to the Royal London Hospital by the Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) between 1991 and 1994. Type of injury was defined on initial computed tomography of the head and outcomes assessed 12 months after injury using the Glasgow outcome score. RESULTS: 6.5% of HEMS patients had long term severe disability (severe disability or persistent vegetative state on the outcome score); 34.5% made a good recovery. CONCLUSIONS: The concern that a large number of severely disabled long term survivors might result as a consequence of this system of trauma management is not confirmed. The case mix of severity of extracranial injuries in these patients makes comparison with other published series difficult, but these data fit the hypothesis that pre-hospital correction of hypoxia and hypotension after head injury improves outcome.  (+info)

(2/79) Use of abdominal computed tomography in blunt trauma: do we scan too much?

OBJECTIVES: To determine what proportion of abdominal computed tomography (CT) scans ordered after blunt trauma are positive and the applicability and accuracy of existing clinical prediction rules for obtaining a CT scan of the abdomen in this setting. SETTING: A leading trauma hospital, affiliated with the University of Ottawa. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients with blunt trauma admitted to hospital over a 1-year period having an Injury Severity Score (ISS) greater than 12 who underwent CT of the abdomen during the initial assessment. Recorded data included age, sex, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score, ISS, type of injuries, number of abdominal CT scans ordered, and scan results. Two clinical prediction rules were found in the literature that identify patients likely to have intra-abdominal injuries. These rules were applied retrospectively to the cohort. The predicted proportion of positive CT scans was compared with the observed proportion, and the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were estimated. RESULTS: Of the 297 patients entered in the study, 109 underwent abdominal CT. The median age was 32 years, 71% were male and the median ISS was 24. In only 36.7% (40 of 109) of scans were findings suggestive of intra-abdominal injuries. Application of one of the clinical prediction rules gave a sensitivity of 93.8% and specificity of 25.5% but excluded 23% of patients because of a GCS score less than 11. The second prediction rule tested could be applied to all patients and was highly sensitive (92.5%) and specific (100.0%). CONCLUSIONS: The assessment of the abdomen in blunt trauma remains a challenge. Accuracy in predicting positive scans in equivocal cases is poor. Retrospective application of an existing clinical prediction rule was found to be highly accurate in identifying patients with positive CT findings. Prospective use of such a rule could reduce the number of CT scans ordered without missing significant injuries.  (+info)

(3/79) Sequelae after unintentional injuries to children: an exploratory study.

GOAL: To determine the frequency and categories of sequelae related to accidental injuries (of all types) in childhood, a prospective follow up study was conducted on a geographically defined population near Paris, France. METHODS: The study concerned all child residents of one health care district, aged under 15 years, and hospitalised in the two public hospitals of the district, and/or transported by mobile emergency units, after an accident, during a one year period (in 1981-82; n = 785). Initial severity was scored using the injury severity score (ISS). Sequelae were defined as established impairments (leading or not to disabilities), identified by physicians, reporting their clinical diagnosis or complaints by the child and/or the family. RESULTS: After a follow up period of 3.6-29.2 months after the accident, six children died and 78 (10%) were lost to follow up. Among the 701 others, 73 (10.4%) presented 80 sequelae, major (limiting daily activities) in 44 children (6.3%), with no gender difference. These increased significantly with age. The main causes of major sequelae were eye injuries and sports related injuries to the limbs. ISS did not correlate well with sequelae, but the maximum abbreviated injury scale appeared to be a better predictor of long term functional prognosis. CONCLUSION: Prospective follow up and population based studies are still needed, especially on children's injuries initially perceived as benign, such as most of the sports related injuries in our study.  (+info)

(4/79) Trends in incidence of pediatric injury hospitalizations in Pennsylvania.

OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed short-term trends in pediatric injury hospitalizations. METHODS: We used a population-based retrospective cohort design to study all children 15 years or younger who were admitted to all acute care hospitals in Pennsylvania with traumatic injuries between 1991 and 1995. RESULTS: Injuries accounted for 9% of all acute hospitalizations for children. Between 1991 and 1995, admissions of children with minor injuries decreased by 29% (P < .001). However, admissions for children with moderate (P = .69) or serious (P = .41) injuries did not change. CONCLUSIONS: Significant declines in pediatric admissions for minor injuries were noted and may reflect both real reductions in injury incidence and changes in admission practices over the period of the study.  (+info)

(5/79) Intracranial pressure monitoring and outcomes after traumatic brain injury.

OBJECTIVE: Uncontrolled intracranial hypertension after traumatic brain injury (TBI) contributes significantly to the death rate and to poor functional outcome. There is no evidence that intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring alters the outcome of TBI. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that insertion of ICP monitors in patients who have TBI is not associated with a decrease in the death rate. DESIGN: Study of case records. METHODS: The data files from the Ontario Trauma Registry from 1989 to 1995 were examined. Included were all cases with an Injury Severity Score (ISS) greater than 12 from the 14 trauma centres in Ontario. Cases identifying a Maximum Abbreviated Injury Scale score in the head region (MAIS head) greater than 3 were selected for further analysis. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to investigate the relationship between ICP and death. RESULTS: Of 9001 registered cases of TBI, an MAIS head greater than 3 was recorded in 5507. Of these patients, 541 (66.8% male, mean age 34.1 years) had an ICP monitor inserted. Their average ISS was 33.4 and 71.7% survived. There was wide variation among the institutions in the rate of insertion of ICP monitors in these patients (ranging from 0.4% to over 20%). Univariate logistic regression indicated that increased MAIS head, ISS, penetrating trauma and the insertion of an ICP monitor were each associated with an increased death rate. However, multivariate analyses controlling for MAIS head, ISS and injury mechanism indicated that ICP monitoring was associated with significantly improved survival (p < 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: ICP monitor insertion rates vary widely in Ontario's trauma hospitals. The insertion of an ICP monitor is associated with a statistically significant decrease in death rate among patients with severe TBI. This finding strongly supports the need for a prospective randomized trial of management protocols, including ICP monitoring, in patients with severe TBI.  (+info)

(6/79) Patterns of injury among drivers hospitalized in Level-I Trauma Centers: have frontal airbags made a difference?

This study describes the injuries of drivers discharged from Level-I Trauma Centers between 1995-1997. Differences in the drivers' injuries and outcomes by airbag deployment status and gender were evaluated using Chi 2 and T-tests. Data on 1,065 drivers (66 with airbags, 423 females) were obtained from the Massachusetts Registry of Motor Vehicle and Trauma Registries. Once admitted to trauma centers, drivers with airbags did not differ from drivers without airbags regarding the number, type, clustering, severity or outcome of their injuries. The only exception was that female drivers sustained more fractures to the upper extremities and less injuries to blood vessels and certain traumatic complications (p < 0.05).  (+info)

(7/79) Factors influencing pediatric injury in side impact collisions.

Side impacts collisions pose a great risk to children in crashes but information about the injury mechanisms is limited. The heights and weights of children vary widely and as a result, the injury patterns may vary across the pediatric age range. This study involves a case series of children in side impact collisions who were identified through Partners for Child Passenger Safety, a large child-focused crash surveillance system. The aim of the current study was to use in-depth crash investigations to identify injury mechanisms to children in side impact collisions. 93 children in 55 side impact crashes were studied. 23% (n = 22) of the children received an AIS > or = 2 (clinically significant) injury. In these 22 children, head (39%), extremity (22%), and abdominal injuries (17%) were the most common significant injuries. The cases revealed that serious injuries occur even in minor crashes. Cases that illustrate body region-specific injury mechanisms are discussed.  (+info)

(8/79) Who can give a pediatric trauma history for children injured in bicycle crashes?

Emergency Departments are important sites for injury surveillance but the quality of data collected has not been evaluated. This prospective cohort study assessed the ability of various respondents to provide circumstantial information following pediatric bicyclist trauma. A semi-structured survey tool was administered in the Emergency Department of a Level One Pediatric Trauma Center for 448 child bicyclists. The injured child provided more complete information when compared to witnesses and Emergency Medical Services personnel. No one respondent type provided the complete history. To obtain thorough injury circumstantial information, multiple respondents should be interviewed utilizing a semi-structured questionnaire.  (+info)

*  Injury Severity Score
The ISS is based (see below) upon the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS). To calculate an ISS for an injured person, the body is ... The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) is an anatomically based consensus-derived global severity scoring system that classifies ... each injury in every body region according to its relative severity on a six-point ordinal scale: Minor Moderate Serious Severe ... Copes, W.S.; H.R. Champion; W.J. Sacco; M.M. Lawnick; S.L. Keast; L.W. Bain (1988). "The Injury Severity Score revisited". The ...
*  Abbreviated Injury Scale
"Abbreviated Injury Scale". trauma.org. Archived from the original on 6 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-23. Abbreviated injury ... Severity of score Abbreviated Injury Score-Code is on a scale of one to six, one being a minor injury and six being maximal ( ... crush injury to the head. The AIS scale is a measurement tool for single injuries. A universally accepted injury aggregation ... The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) is an anatomical-based coding system created by the Association for the Advancement of ...
*  Functional Capacity Index
Abbreviated injury scale MacKenzie EJ, Sacco WJ, Luchter S, et al. (December 2002). "Validating the Functional Capacity Index ... The FCI incorporates ten physical functions and gives each a numerical value on a scale of 0 to 100, with 100 representing no ... Segui-Gomez M, MacKenzie EJ (2003). "Measuring the public health impact of injuries". Epidemiologic Reviews. 25: 3-19. doi: ... Gotschall CS (December 2005). "The Functional Capacity Index, second revision: morbidity in the first year post injury". ...
*  Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine
The Abbreviated Injury Scale is an internationally accepted tool for assessing the injury severity of individual injuries. It ... The AAAM has furthered the development and publishes the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS), a widely used description system for ... This combination of clinical, research and administrative backgrounds forms a unique blend of leaders in traffic injury control ... contains no information on injury aggregation. The AIS codebook is protected by copyright. www.aaam.org. ...
*  Blunt trauma personal protective equipment
... which are quantified with an injury severity score on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS). To assure their blunt trauma ... "The Injury Severity Score: a method for describing patients with multiple injuries and evaluating emergency care". The Journal ... Copes, W.S.; H.R. Champion; W.J. Sacco; M.M. Lawnick; S.L. Keast; L.W. Bain (1988). "The Injury Severity Score revisited". The ... Blunt Trauma Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) protects the wearer against injuries caused by blunt impacts. For law ...
*  Triage
Injuries are along the lines of cuts and scrapes, or minor burns. The Australasian Triage Scale (abbreviated ATS and formally ... Each category is scored from 0 to 5 using the Abbreviated Injury Scale, from uninjured to critically injured, which is then ... The scale has been in use since 1994. The scale consists of 5 levels, with 1 being the most critical (resuscitation), and 5 ... many soft tissue injuries). White / Dismiss (walking wounded): They have minor injuries; first aid and home care are sufficient ...
*  Head injury criterion
... injury is one with a score of 4+ on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) (Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine ... The Head Injury Criterion (HIC) is a measure of the likelihood of head injury arising from an impact. The HIC can be used to ... At a HIC of 1000, there is an 18% probability of a severe head injury, a 55% probability of a serious injury and a 90% ... According to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, head injury risk is evaluated mainly on the basis of head injury ...
*  Trauma quality improvement program
The first cohort included patients with blunt multisystem or blunt mechanism traumas with an Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) ... Patients in the third cohort had a blunt single-system injury with an AIS score ≥ 3 in only one AIS body region, with the ... The cohorts are as follows: Blunt multisystem injury with an AIS > 3 in a least two regions of the body Penetrating truncal ... The second cohort was composed of trauma patients with penetrating truncal injuries with an AIS score ≥ 3 in at least one ...
*  AIS
... may refer to: Abbreviated Injury Scale Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome Athens Insomnia Scale Advanced Info Service, Thai ...
*  List of MeSH codes (N05)
... abbreviated injury scale MeSH N05.715.360.300.715.500.800.325 --- glasgow coma scale MeSH N05.715.360.300.715.500.800.335 --- ... glasgow outcome scale MeSH N05.715.360.300.715.500.800.400 --- injury severity score MeSH N05.715.360.300.715.550 --- nursing ...
*  Index of trauma & orthopaedics articles
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Abbreviated Injury Scale - Acetabular fracture - Acheiropodia - Achilles ... Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal injuries, sports injuries, degenerative ... Soft tissue injury - Southwick angle - Speed's test - Spina bifida occulta - Spinal curvature - Spinal fracture - Spinal fusion ... Crush injury - Crush syndrome - Cubitus valgus - Cubitus varus - Cunningham shoulder reduction - Currarino syndrome Danis-Weber ...
*  MAIS
... may refer to: Mallya Aditi International School Maximum Abbreviated Injury Scale, a code used by medical professionals to ... describe the most severe injury that a trauma patient has sustained under the Abbreviated Injury Scale Mild androgen ...
*  List of MeSH codes (N04)
... abbreviated injury scale MeSH N04.452.859.564.800.250 --- glasgow coma scale MeSH N04.452.859.564.800.260 --- glasgow outcome ... scale MeSH N04.452.859.564.800.500 --- injury severity score MeSH N04.452.859.675 --- nursing records MeSH N04.452.859.819 --- ... relative value scales MeSH N04.452.394 --- governing board MeSH N04.452.394.600 --- trustees MeSH N04.452.442 --- hospital ...
*  Major trauma
The abbreviated injury scale and the Glasgow coma scale are used commonly to quantify injuries for the purpose of triaging and ... Injury prevention strategies are commonly used to prevent injuries in children, who are a high risk population. Injury ... The healing time of an injury depends on various factors including sex, age, and the severity of injury. The symptoms of injury ... Various scales exist to provide a quantifiable metric to measure the severity of injuries. The value may be used for triaging a ...
*  Clinical prediction rule
Orthopaedics Abbreviated Injury Scale Harris Hip Score Injury Severity Score Kocher criteria Mirel's Score NACA score Ottawa ...
*  Traumatology
... training for medical doctors dealing with trauma Revised Trauma Score Injury Severity Score Abbreviated Injury Scale Triage ... When it comes to managing injuries, head and neck injures require the most care post surgery. Head-injuries are one of the ... In medicine, traumatology (from Greek trauma, meaning injury or wound) is the study of wounds and injuries caused by accidents ... Medical Traumatology can be defined as the study of specializing in the treatment of wounds and injuries caused by violence or ...
*  Post-traumatic amnesia
... the Abbreviated Westmead PTA Scale (AWPTAS) assesses patients with mild traumatic brain injury. Although the GOAT has proved ... An abbreviated version has been developed to assess patients with mild traumatic brain injury, the Abbreviated Westmead PTA ... The WPTAS is suitable for patients with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury. An abbreviated version of the WPTAS, ... Mandleberg I. A. (1975). "Cognitive recovery after severe head injury: Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale during post-traumatic ...
*  Westmead Post-Traumatic Amnesia Scale
... the Abbreviated Westmead PTA Scale (AWPTAS), has been developed to assess patients with mild traumatic brain injury. The WPTAS ... Use of the Westmead PTA scale to monitor recovery of memory after mild head injury. Brain Injury, 18(6), 603-614. Shores, E. A ... The severity of injury is based on the time it takes for an individual to emerge from PTA. The Westmead PTA Scale utilises the ... The WPTAS was designed for patients with closed traumatic brain injury, and subsequent research on the scale has centred on ...
*  Killed or Seriously Injured
... from the English maximum abbreviated injury score). Based on this standard, serious injuries are defined as scale 3 and more ( ... Non-incapacitating evident injury: Any injury, other than a fatal injury or an incapacitating injury, which is evident to ... An injury for which a person is detained in hospital as an 'in- patient', injury or any of the following injuries whether or ... Incapacitating injury. Any injury, other than a fatal injury, which prevents the injured person from walking, driving or ...
*  Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale
Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI) is a very short form of estimating intellectual functioning. Wechsler ... Each subtest score is tallied and calculated with respect to neurotypical or brain-injury norms. As the WAIS is developed for ... used the point scale concept instead of the age scale, and included a non-verbal performance scale. In the Binet scales (prior ... The non-verbal performance scale was also a critical difference from the Binet scale. Since the "early Binet scale had been ...
*  Japanese Instrument of Surrender
The model of the USS Missouri in the National Museum of the United States Navy at the Washington Navy Yard, has a scale replica ... Cosgrave being blind in one eye from a World War I injury. When the discrepancy was pointed out to General Sutherland, he ... The Japanese initially found this alteration unacceptable-until Sutherland initialed (as an abbreviated signature) each ...
*  Technology and Construction Court
For example, large-scale group personal injury claims are heard by the court, as are disputes arising out of the EU's ... The Technology and Construction Court (commonly abbreviated in practice to the TCC) is a sub-division of the Queen's Bench ...
*  Rivermead post-concussion symptoms questionnaire
Neuropsychological test Post-concussion syndrome Mild traumatic brain injury Concussion grading systems Head injury criterion ... as they have shown to fit poorly to the Rasch model when scored on a single scale. In doing this, each scale forms a ... The Rivermead Post-Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire, abbreviated RPQ, is a questionnaire that can be administered to someone ... "Presence of Post-Concussion Symptoms in Patients With Chronic Pain vs Mild Traumatic Brain Injury". Brain Injury. 17 (3): 199- ...
*  Elly Tumwine
During the fighting between the NRA and the UNLA, Tumwine sustained facial injuries that led to loss of sight in one eye. In ... abbreviated:BA(FA)/Dip. Ed. He specialised in the history of art painting. He subsequently graduated from the Cadet Officers ... Uganda Small Scale Industries Association (USSIA) Uganda Leather Allied Industries Association (ULAIA) Tumwine is married, and ...
*  Crowell, Texas
Todd's son, Denny, died as a teenager from injuries sustained on the football field. His memory is honored each year with an ... Most notable is the one-of-a-kind scale town. The diorama-style exhibits are designed to reflect the historically notable ... According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Crowell has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps. " ...
*  Norovirus
... es from Genogroup II, genotype 4 (abbreviated as GII.4) account for the majority of adult outbreaks of gastroenteritis ... rapid and large-scale detection of recombination events among different evolutionary lineages of viral genomes". BMC ... gene to help trigger symptomatic Crohn's disease in mice that have been subjected to a chemical that causes intestinal injury ...
Injury Severity Score by Region | Zanran  Injury Severity Score by Region | Zanran
... the AIS or Abbreviated Injury Scale. An ISS , 15 reflects serious injury. Ref: Baker SP, O'Neill B, Haddon W, Long WB, The ... AIShead, Abbreviated Injury Score for the cephalic region; ISS, Injury Severity Score; Ped., pedestrian; Traf., traffic accident ... The Injury Severity Score, ISS, is a reflection of overall severity and probability of survival based on an anatomical injury ... statistics on Injury Severity Score by Region: Injury Severity Score by Region, Clinical characteristics of the patients. ...
more infohttp://www.zanran.com/q/Injury_Severity_Score_by_Region
Abbreviated Injury Scale - Wikipedia  Abbreviated Injury Scale - Wikipedia
"Abbreviated Injury Scale". trauma.org. Archived from the original on 6 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-23. Abbreviated injury ... Severity of score Abbreviated Injury Score-Code is on a scale of one to six, one being a minor injury and six being maximal ( ... crush injury to the head. The AIS scale is a measurement tool for single injuries. A universally accepted injury aggregation ... The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) is an anatomical-based coding system created by the Association for the Advancement of ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abbreviated_Injury_Scale
Specific abbreviated injury scale values are responsible for the underestimation of mortality in penetrating trauma patients by...  Specific abbreviated injury scale values are responsible for the underestimation of mortality in penetrating trauma patients by...
The ISS is the sum of the squares of the three worst Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) values from three body regions. Patients ... is widely used as a method for rating severity of injury. ... Specific abbreviated injury scale values are responsible for ... The ISS is the sum of the squares of the three worst Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) values from three body regions. Patients ... BACKGROUND: The Injury Severity Score (ISS) is widely used as a method for rating severity of injury. ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Specific-abbreviated-injury-scale-values/21814109.html
Abbreviated injury scale | definition of abbreviated injury scale by Medical dictionary  Abbreviated injury scale | definition of abbreviated injury scale by Medical dictionary
What is abbreviated injury scale? Meaning of abbreviated injury scale medical term. What does abbreviated injury scale mean? ... Looking for online definition of abbreviated injury scale in the Medical Dictionary? abbreviated injury scale explanation free ... abbreviated injury scale. Also found in: Acronyms. Abbreviated Injury Scale. A scoring system for rating the survivability of a ... The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS)[5] was used to assess the severity of injuries, and an Injury Severity Score (ISS)[6] was ...
more infohttp://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/abbreviated+injury+scale
Effectiveness of Belt Positioning Booster Seats: An Updated Assessment | Articles | Pediatrics  Effectiveness of Belt Positioning Booster Seats: An Updated Assessment | Articles | Pediatrics
AIS-Abbreviated Injury Scale • OR-odds ratio • CI-confidence interval. REFERENCES. *↵. Winston FK, Durbin DR, Kallan MJ, Moll ... Head injuries were followed by face injuries for backless BPB seats and abdominal injuries for high-back BPB seats. Of those ... For both types of BPB seats, head injuries were the most common injury sustained, representing 59% and 73% of injuries for ... abdominal injuries were the second most common injuries for belted children as a result of "seat-belt syndrome" injuries. ...
more infohttp://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/124/5/1281.full
Effectiveness of Belt Positioning Booster Seats: An Updated Assessment | Articles | Pediatrics  Effectiveness of Belt Positioning Booster Seats: An Updated Assessment | Articles | Pediatrics
AIS-Abbreviated Injury Scale • OR-odds ratio • CI-confidence interval. REFERENCES. *↵. Winston FK, Durbin DR, Kallan MJ, Moll ... Head injuries were followed by face injuries for backless BPB seats and abdominal injuries for high-back BPB seats. Of those ... For both types of BPB seats, head injuries were the most common injury sustained, representing 59% and 73% of injuries for ... abdominal injuries were the second most common injuries for belted children as a result of "seat-belt syndrome" injuries. ...
more infohttps://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/124/5/1281?ijkey=cededb3218cf118ae14e65fe491f9783ce64ff9c&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha
Flipped out of control: single-vehicle rollover accidents in the Northern Territory | The Medical Journal of Australia  Flipped out of control: single-vehicle rollover accidents in the Northern Territory | The Medical Journal of Australia
Injuries are coded according the Abbreviated Injury Scale scoring system, and the Injury Severity Score is calculated from this ... 6. Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine (USA). The Abbreviated Injury Scale. 1990 revision. Des Plaines, ... 5: Factors associated significantly more frequently with major injury (Injury Severity Score6 , 15) than minor injury resulting ... Major injury is also more likely in accidents occurring in rural areas. Sealing of roads and injury prevention programs (such ...
more infohttps://www.mja.com.au/journal/2002/176/6/flipped-out-control-single-vehicle-rollover-accidents-northern-territory
Is Prehospital Time Important for the Treatment of Severely Injured Patients? A Matched-Triplet Analysis of 13,851 Patients...  Is Prehospital Time Important for the Treatment of Severely Injured Patients? A Matched-Triplet Analysis of 13,851 Patients...
AIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale. TBI, traumatic brain injury.. ... Glasgow Coma Scale ≤8 (%). 36.6. 33.5. 30.3. 33.4. ≤ 0.001. ... Injury Severity Score (MV, SD). 29.2 ± 12.8. 28.6 ± 12.0. 28.2 ± 11.5. 28.7 ± 12.1. 0.100. ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2019/5936345/tab1/
Evaluation of efficacy and indications of surgical fixation for multiple rib fractures: a propensity-score matched analysis |...  Evaluation of efficacy and indications of surgical fixation for multiple rib fractures: a propensity-score matched analysis |...
Abbreviated Injury Scale. GCS. Glasgow Coma Scale. NOM. Non-operative management. ICU. Intensive care unit ... Long-term disability associated with flail chest injury. Am J Surg. 1985;150(3):324-6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar ... Long-term disability after flail chest injury. J Trauma. 1984;24(5):410-4.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar ... Long-term morbidity, pain, and disability after repair of severe chest wall injuries. Am Surg. 2009;75(5):389-94.PubMedGoogle ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00068-016-0687-0
Reliability of a Skin Diagnostic Device in Assessing Hydration and Erythema.  Reliability of a Skin Diagnostic Device in Assessing Hydration and Erythema.
Abbreviated Injury Scale. Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American ... It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for ... Any of a variety of eruptive skin disorders characterized by erythema, oozing, vesiculation, and scaling. Etiology is varied. ... These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS). ...
more infohttps://www.bioportfolio.com/resources/pmarticle/1843666/Reliability-of-a-Skin-Diagnostic-Device-in-Assessing-Hydration-and-Erythema.html
Anthology of stroke epidemiology in the 20th and 21st centuries: Assessing the past, the present, and envisioning the future.  Anthology of stroke epidemiology in the 20th and 21st centuries: Assessing the past, the present, and envisioning the future.
Abbreviated Injury Scale. Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American ... It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for ... These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS). ... assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. ...
more infohttps://www.bioportfolio.com/resources/pmarticle/2296640/Anthology-of-stroke-epidemiology-in-the-20th-and-21st-centuries-Assessing-the.html
TRAUMA.ORG  TRAUMA.ORG
Abbreviated Injury Scale:. Head. Face. Chest. Abdomen. Extremity. External. ISS:. Systolic BP. ... Trauma Score - Injury Severity Score : TRISS TRISS determines the probability of survival (Ps) of a patient from the ISS and ...
more infohttp://trauma.org/archive/scores/triss.html
Reverse shock index multiplied by Glasgow Coma Scale score (rSIG) is a simple measure with high discriminant ability for...  Reverse shock index multiplied by Glasgow Coma Scale score (rSIG) is a simple measure with high discriminant ability for...
Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, Committee on Injury Scaling. The Abbreviated Injury Scale 2005 Update ... The Injury Severity Score (ISS) [20] consists of Abbreviated Injury Scale [21] codes for the three most severely injured body ... mechanisms and types of injury, Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) codes recorded using AIS 90 Update 98, and the survival state at ... Solid line, shock index ÷ Glasgow Coma Scale score (SI/G); dotted line, shock index × age ÷ Glasgow Coma Scale score (SIA/G). a ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/article/10.1186/s13054-018-2014-0
Encyclopedia of Intensive Care Medicine - Springer Science+Business Media - Literati by Credo  Encyclopedia of Intensive Care Medicine - Springer Science+Business Media - Literati by Credo
Abbreviated Injury Scale. *Abbreviated Laparotomy. *ABCDEs. *Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm. *Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Diagnosis ... Rhabdomyolysis- or Hemolysis-Induced Acute Kidney Injury (AKI). *Rib and/or Sternal Fracture Operative Reduction and Internal ...
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Quantitative MDCT assessment of binder effects after pelvic ring disruptions using segmented pelvic haematoma volumes and...  Quantitative MDCT assessment of binder effects after pelvic ring disruptions using segmented pelvic haematoma volumes and...
Pelvis Pelvic bones Injuries Tomography, X-ray computed Imaging, Three-dimensional Abbreviations. AIS. Abbreviated injury scale ... Krieg J, Mohr M, Ellis T, Simpson T, Madey S, Bottlang M (2005) Emergent stabilization of pelvic ring injuries by controlled ... Pubic symphysis over-ride is suggestive of binder over-reduction in globally unstable injuries. ... Binder reduction corresponds with decreased pelvic haematoma volume in rotationally unstable injuries. ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00330-018-5303-8
Head and neck injury risks in heavy metal: head bangers stuck between rock and a hard bass | The BMJ  Head and neck injury risks in heavy metal: head bangers stuck between rock and a hard bass | The BMJ
Table 2 Abbreviated injury scale (AIS), Head Injury Criterion (HIC), and symptoms of head injury19 ... Figure 1 shows HIC versus music tempo and thresholds for severity of head injury according to abbreviated injury scale 1, 2, ... HIC was related to the abbreviated injury scale and established injury thresholds (table 2).⇓ ⇓ It is recognised that there are ... predicts that the activity will result in abbreviated injury scale level 3 injuries, and that the range of motion of the head ...
more infohttps://www.bmj.com/content/337/bmj.a2825.long
Anaesthesia and Intensive Care A-Z | ElsevierAsia - English  Anaesthesia and Intensive Care A-Z | ElsevierAsia - English
Technique in obstetric anal-Abbreviated injury scale (AIS). Trauma scale first gesia whereby negative pressure is applied to the ... abbreviated injury scale Management includes laparotomy and leaving the abdomenand age. A logistic regression equation is used ... altered pain response (head injury, spinal cord injury, l Dosage: 50 mg orally once daily, increasing up to 200 mg drugs, etc ... using aTrauma scale derived from the Glasgow coma scale, sys- water column manometer.tolic BP, revised trauma score, ...
more infohttps://www.slideshare.net/ElsevierHS/anaesthesia-and-intensive-care-az-elsevierasia
Trauma center need: the American College of Surgeons definition in contrast to Swiss highly specialized medicine regulations-a...  Trauma center need: the American College of Surgeons' definition in contrast to Swiss highly specialized medicine regulations-a...
... is an Injury Severity Score (ISS) > 15. In contrast, Swiss highly specialized... ... Mortality prediction of head Abbreviated Injury Score and Glasgow Coma Scale: analysis of 7,764 head injuries. J Am Coll Surg. ... Same Abbreviated injury scale values may be associated with different risks to mortality in trauma patients: a cross-sectional ... Gennarelli T. The Abbreviated Injury Scale-1990 revision. Des Plaines: American Association for the Advancement of Automotive ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00068-018-1027-3
Tackling the burden of injury in Australasia:  developing a binational trauma registry | The Medical Journal of Australia  Tackling the burden of injury in Australasia: developing a binational trauma registry | The Medical Journal of Australia
6. The abbreviated injury scale 1990 revision. Des Plaines, Ill: American Association for the Advancement of Automotive ... The ISS is calculated using the Abbreviated Injury Scale scoring system, which was first introduced in 1969 by the American ... and is calculated as the sum of the square of the highest Abbreviated Injury Scale code in each of the three most severely ... The number of injuries over the 2 years of reported data provides strong evidence of a high burden of injury in Australasia, ...
more infohttps://www.mja.com.au/journal/2006/185/9/tackling-burden-injury-australasia-developing-binational-trauma-registry
Intraventricular hemorrhage on computed tomography and corpus callosum injury on magnetic resonance imaging in patients with...  Intraventricular hemorrhage on computed tomography and corpus callosum injury on magnetic resonance imaging in patients with...
Abbreviated Injury Scale; CCI = corpus callosum injury; DAI = diffuse axonal injury; GOS-E = Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale; ... Jennett BSnoek JBond MRBrooks N: Disability after severe head injury: observations on the use of the Glasgow Outcome Scale. J ... Scheid RPreul CGruber OWiggins Cvon Cramon DY: Diffuse axonal injury associated with chronic traumatic brain injury: evidence ... Cordobés Fde la Fuente MLobato RDRoger RPérez CMillán JM: Intraventricular hemorrhage in severe head injury. J Neurosurg 58:217 ...
more infohttps://thejns.org/abstract/journals/j-neurosurg/117/2/article-p334.xml?rskey=2sml74&result=2