8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic Acid: A 20-carbon-chain fatty acid, unsaturated at positions 8, 11, and 14. It differs from arachidonic acid, 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid, only at position 5.Fatty Acids, Essential: Long chain organic acid molecules that must be obtained from the diet. Examples are LINOLEIC ACIDS and LINOLENIC ACIDS.Taxaceae: A plant family of the order Taxales, class Pinopsida, division CONIFEROPHYTA.Fatty Acids, Unsaturated: FATTY ACIDS in which the carbon chain contains one or more double or triple carbon-carbon bonds.Leukotriene A4: (2S-(2 alpha,3 beta(1E,3E,5Z,8Z)))-3-(1,3,5,8-Tetradecatetraenyl)oxiranebutanoic acid. An unstable allylic epoxide, formed from the immediate precursor 5-HPETE via the stereospecific removal of a proton at C-10 and dehydration. Its biological actions are determined primarily by its metabolites, i.e., LEUKOTRIENE B4 and cysteinyl-leukotrienes. Alternatively, leukotriene A4 is converted into LEUKOTRIENE C4 by glutathione-S-transferase or into 5,6-di-HETE by the epoxide-hydrolase. (From Dictionary of Prostaglandins and Related Compounds, 1990)Arachidonic AcidsLipoxygenase: An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class primarily found in PLANTS. It catalyzes reactions between linoleate and other fatty acids and oxygen to form hydroperoxy-fatty acid derivatives.Arachidonate Lipoxygenases: Enzymes catalyzing the oxidation of arachidonic acid to hydroperoxyarachidonates. These products are then rapidly converted by a peroxidase to hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids. The positional specificity of the enzyme reaction varies from tissue to tissue. The final lipoxygenase pathway leads to the leukotrienes. EC 1.13.11.- .Deficiency Diseases: A condition produced by dietary or metabolic deficiency. The term includes all diseases caused by an insufficient supply of essential nutrients, i.e., protein (or amino acids), vitamins, and minerals. It also includes an inadequacy of calories. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)Arachidonic Acid: An unsaturated, essential fatty acid. It is found in animal and human fat as well as in the liver, brain, and glandular organs, and is a constituent of animal phosphatides. It is formed by the synthesis from dietary linoleic acid and is a precursor in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins, thromboxanes, and leukotrienes.Linoleic Acids: Eighteen-carbon essential fatty acids that contain two double bonds.12-Hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic Acid: A lipoxygenase metabolite of ARACHIDONIC ACID. It is a highly selective ligand used to label mu-opioid receptors in both membranes and tissue sections. The 12-S-HETE analog has been reported to augment tumor cell metastatic potential through activation of protein kinase C. (J Pharmacol Exp Ther 1995; 274(3):1545-51; J Natl Cancer Inst 1994; 86(15):1145-51)Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic Acids: Eicosatetraenoic acids substituted in any position by one or more hydroxy groups. They are important intermediates in a series of biosynthetic processes leading from arachidonic acid to a number of biologically active compounds such as prostaglandins, thromboxanes, and leukotrienes.Phospholipids: Lipids containing one or more phosphate groups, particularly those derived from either glycerol (phosphoglycerides see GLYCEROPHOSPHOLIPIDS) or sphingosine (SPHINGOLIPIDS). They are polar lipids that are of great importance for the structure and function of cell membranes and are the most abundant of membrane lipids, although not stored in large amounts in the system.Mass Spectrometry: An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.Microsomes: Artifactual vesicles formed from the endoplasmic reticulum when cells are disrupted. They are isolated by differential centrifugation and are composed of three structural features: rough vesicles, smooth vesicles, and ribosomes. Numerous enzyme activities are associated with the microsomal fraction. (Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990; from Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)Eicosanoic Acids: 20-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acids.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Dietary Fats: Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.Linoleic Acid: A doubly unsaturated fatty acid, occurring widely in plant glycosides. It is an essential fatty acid in mammalian nutrition and is used in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and cell membranes. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Chromatography, Gas: Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.gamma-Linolenic Acid: An omega-6 fatty acid produced in the body as the delta 6-desaturase metabolite of linoleic acid. It is converted to dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid, a biosynthetic precursor of monoenoic prostaglandins such as PGE1. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Eicosapentaenoic Acid: Important polyunsaturated fatty acid found in fish oils. It serves as the precursor for the prostaglandin-3 and thromboxane-3 families. A diet rich in eicosapentaenoic acid lowers serum lipid concentration, reduces incidence of cardiovascular disorders, prevents platelet aggregation, and inhibits arachidonic acid conversion into the thromboxane-2 and prostaglandin-2 families.Borago: A plant genus of the family BORAGINACEAE.Plant Oils: Oils derived from plants or plant products.Quantitative Trait Loci: Genetic loci associated with a QUANTITATIVE TRAIT.Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Chromosomes: In a prokaryotic cell or in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell, a structure consisting of or containing DNA which carries the genetic information essential to the cell. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)Click Chemistry: Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.Crosses, Genetic: Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.Chromosomes, Mammalian: Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of MAMMALS.Fatty Acids, Omega-3: A group of fatty acids, often of marine origin, which have the first unsaturated bond in the third position from the omega carbon. These fatty acids are believed to reduce serum triglycerides, prevent insulin resistance, improve lipid profile, prolong bleeding times, reduce platelet counts, and decrease platelet adhesiveness.Fatty Acids, Omega-6: FATTY ACIDS which have the first unsaturated bond in the sixth position from the omega carbon. A typical American diet tends to contain substantially more omega-6 than OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS.Docosahexaenoic Acids: C22-unsaturated fatty acids found predominantly in FISH OILS.Oxidation-Reduction: A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Fish Oils: Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the LIVER. Those from the liver are usually high in VITAMIN A. The oils are used as DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS. They are also used in soaps and detergents and as protective coatings.Myocardial Infarction: NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).Coronary Disease: An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.TriglyceridesFatty Acids, Nonesterified: FATTY ACIDS found in the plasma that are complexed with SERUM ALBUMIN for transport. These fatty acids are not in glycerol ester form.Fatty Acid Synthases: Enzymes that catalyze the synthesis of FATTY ACIDS from acetyl-CoA and malonyl-CoA derivatives.Fatty Acid Desaturases: A family of enzymes that catalyze the stereoselective, regioselective, or chemoselective syn-dehydrogenation reactions. They function by a mechanism that is linked directly to reduction of molecular OXYGEN.Intramolecular Oxidoreductases: Enzymes of the isomerase class that catalyze the oxidation of one part of a molecule with a corresponding reduction of another part of the same molecule. They include enzymes converting aldoses to ketoses (ALDOSE-KETOSE ISOMERASES), enzymes shifting a carbon-carbon double bond (CARBON-CARBON DOUBLE BOND ISOMERASES), and enzymes transposing S-S bonds (SULFUR-SULFUR BOND ISOMERASES). (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 5.3.Hydroxyprostaglandin Dehydrogenases: Catalyzes reversibly the oxidation of hydroxyl groups of prostaglandins.Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases: Enzyme complexes that catalyze the formation of PROSTAGLANDINS from the appropriate unsaturated FATTY ACIDS, molecular OXYGEN, and a reduced acceptor.Glyceryl Ethers: Compounds in which one or more of the three hydroxyl groups of glycerol are in ethereal linkage with a saturated or unsaturated aliphatic alcohol; one or two of the hydroxyl groups of glycerol may be esterified. These compounds have been found in various animal tissue.Cyclopentanes: A group of alicyclic hydrocarbons with the general formula R-C5H9.Prostaglandins: A group of compounds derived from unsaturated 20-carbon fatty acids, primarily arachidonic acid, via the cyclooxygenase pathway. They are extremely potent mediators of a diverse group of physiological processes.
... metabolize arachidonic acid to a set of products (the eicosatrienoic acid epoxides, abbreviated as EETs, which are classified ... Adrenic acid or 7(Z),10(Z),13(Z),16(Z)-docosatetraenoic acid, an abundant fatty acid in the adrenal gland, kidney, vasculature ... However, the CYP epoxygenases also metabolize other omega-6 fatty acids such as linoleic acid and the omega-3 fatty acids, ... 14Z-eicosatetraenoic acid. Certain CYP epoxygenases attack these double bounds to form their respective eicosatrienoic acid ...
EETS are epoxide eicosatrienoic acid metabolites of arachidonic acid (a straight chain Eicosatetraenoic acid, omega-6 fatty ... 14Z-eicosatetraenoic acid. Cytochrome P450 epoxygenases attack these double bonds to form their respective eicosatrienoic acid ... 14Z-eicosatrienoic acid), 8,9-EET (i.e. 5,6-epoxy-8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatrienoic acid), 11,12-EET (i.e. 11,12-epoxy-5Z,8Z,14Z- ... eicosatrienoic acid), or, as drawn in the attached figure, 14,15-EET (i.e. 14,15-epoxy-5Z,8Z,11Z-eicosatrienoic acid). The ...
It metabolizes arachidonic acid to the following eicosatrienoic acid epoxides (termed EETs): 5,6-epoxy-8Z,11Z,14Z-EET, 8,9- ... CYP2J2 also metabolizes linoleic acid to 9,10-epoxy octadecaenoic acids (also termed vernolic acid, linoleic acid 9:10-oxide, ... linoleic acid 12,13-oxide, or isoleukotoxin); docosahexaenoic acid to various epoxydocosapentaenoic acids (also termed EDPs); ... see epoxyeicosatrienoic acid, epoxydocosapentaenoic acid, and epoxygenase pages). Vernolic and coronaric acids are potentially ...
Mead acid, i.e. 5Z,8Z,11Z-eicosatrienoic acid, is an ω-9 fatty acid containing three cis double bonds, each located between ... Dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA), 8Z, 11Z,14Z-eicosatrienoic acid is an ω-6 fatty acid with three cis double bonds, each ... Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), i.e.i.e. 5Z, 8Z,11Z,14Z,17Z-eicosapentaenoic acid is an ω-3 fatty acid with five cis double bonds ... Adrenic acid (AdA), 7,10,13,16-docosatetraenoic acid, is an ω-6 fatty acid with four cis double bounds, each located between ...
Eicosatrienoic acid (ETE) 20:3 (n-3) all-cis-11,14,17-eicosatrienoic acid ... Omega−3 fatty acids, also called ω−3 fatty acids or n−3 fatty acids,[1] are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) characterized ... all-cis-6,9,12,15,18-heneicosapentaenoic acid Docosapentaenoic acid (DPA),. Clupanodonic acid 22:5 (n-3) all-cis-7,10,13,16,19- ... all-cis-9,12,15,18,21-tetracosapentaenoic acid Tetracosahexaenoic acid (Nisinic acid) 24:6 (n-3) all-cis-6,9,12,15,18,21- ...
18-dihydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid (5,18-diHETE) or by a Δ6-reductase to form 5-oxo-18-hydroxy-eicosatrienoic acid (5-oxo-18- ... 19-dihydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid (5,19-diHETE) or by a Δ6 reductase to 5-oxo-19-hydroxy-eicosatrienoic acid (5-oxo-19-HETrE ... Phospholipid-bound arachidonic acid → free arachidonic acid b) Free arachidonic acid + O2 → 5(S)-HpETE c) 5(S)-HpETE → 5(S)- ... and receptors of hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs) and oxoeicosatetraenoic acids (oxo-ETEs) derived from arachidonic acid ...
sEH converts 17,18-EEQ isomers to 17,18-dihydroxy-eicosatrienoic acid isomers (17,18-diHETEs), 14,15-EEQ isomers to 14,15- ... see 20-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid), i.e. 19-hydroxyhydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid and/or 20-hydroxyeicosatetranoic acid, take ... 13-epoxides isomers termed coronaric acids or isoleukotoxins. They metabolize the omega-3 fatty acid, docosahexaenoic acid, ... They metabolize the omega-6 fatty acids arachidonic acid, which possess four double bonds, to 8 different epoxide isomers which ...
... oleic acids MeSH D10.251.355.325.600.525 --- oleic acid MeSH D10.251.355.325.600.780 --- ricinoleic acids MeSH D10.251.355.325. ... fatty acids, omega-6 MeSH D10.251.355.343.249 --- gamma-linolenic acid MeSH D10.251.355.343.500 --- linoleic acids MeSH D10.251 ... gamma-linolenic acid MeSH D10.251.355.840 --- sorbic acid MeSH D10.251.355.920 --- trans fatty acids MeSH D10.251.400.092 --- ... linoleic acid MeSH D10.251.355.310.640 --- linolenic acids MeSH D10.251.355.310.640.400 --- alpha-linolenic acid MeSH D10.251. ...
... eicosatrienoic acid and 13(R)-hydroxy-14(S),15(S)-epoxy-5(Z),8(Z),11(Z)-eicosatrienoic acid; these two products are novel ... 13E-eicosatetraenoic acid (15(R)-HpETE). Human cells release arachidonic acid (i.e. 5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenoic acid) from ... a metabolite of arachidonic acid. Various cell types metabolize arachidonic acid to 15(S)-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15( ... Maas, R. L.; Turk, J; Oates, J. A.; Brash, A. R. (1982). "Formation of a novel dihydroxy acid from arachidonic acid by ...
... eicosatrienoic acid) and b) hepoxilin B3 (10-hydroxy-11S,12Sepoxy-(5Z,9E,14Z)-eicosatrienoic acid) to trioxlin B3 (10,11,12- ... Since the hepoxilins are metabolites of arachidonic acid, hepoxilin-epoxide hydrolase participates in arachidonic acid ... eicosatrienoic acid, i.e. hepoxilin A3 and H2O, whereas its product is 8,11,12-trihydroxy-(5Z,9E,14Z)-eicosatrienoic acid, i.e ... eicosatrienoic acid. Soluble epoxide hydrolase (i.e. epoxide hydrolase 2 or EH2) sEH also appears to be the hepoxilin hydrolase ...
CAS Registry Number 1783-84-2. Eicosatrienoic acid (eicosatrienoic's, eicosatrienoic acid) has 20 carbons and is a 11,14,17- ... List of saturated fatty acids Carboxylic acid List of carboxylic acids Dicarboxylic acid Simopoulos, Artemis P. (2002). "Omega‐ ... β-eleostearic acid (beta-eleostearic's, beta-eleostearic acid) is a geometric isomer of α- eleostearic acid. IUPAC organization ... CAS Registry Number 6217-54-5. Herring acid (Herring's, Nisinic acid) is a 6,9,12,15,18,21-hexa unsaturated fatty acid with 24 ...
14Z-eicosatrienoic acid) to 15S-hydroperoxy-8Z,11Z,13E-eicosatrienoic acid and 15S-hydroxy-8Z,11Z,13E-eicosatrienoic acid (15S- ... gamma-linolenic acid, arachidonic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid when presented not only as free acids ... By metabolizing the ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid, into 17-HpDHA, 17-HDHA, ... By metabolizing ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid, into lipoxins and resolvins, ...
13-eicosatrienoic acid and prostaglandin E1. This is noteworthy because these compounds possess both anti-inflammatory and ... Arachidonic acid (AA) is a 20-carbon ω-6 conditionally essential fatty acid. It sits at the head of the "arachidonic acid ... Essential fatty acid Omega-3 fatty acid Omega-6 fatty acid Ratios of Omega 3 to Omega 6 in different foods Eicosanoid ... In the arachidonic acid cascade, dietary linoleic acid (18:2 ω-6) is desaturated and lengthened to form arachidonic acid, ...
Capric acid,[1] n-Capric acid, n-Decanoic acid, Decylic acid, n-Decylic acid, C10:0 (Lipid numbers) ... Two other acids are named after goats: caproic (a C6:0 fatty acid) and caprylic (a C8:0 fatty acid). Along with decanoic acid, ... Nonanoic acid, a medium-chain fatty acid, also with antiseizure activity. References[edit]. *^ a b c d n-Decanoic acid in ... Decanoic acid (capric acid, C10:0) is a saturated fatty acid. Its formula is CH3(CH2)8COOH. Salts and esters of decanoic acid ...
... (TTA) is a synthetic fatty acid used as a nutritional supplement. ... 2002). "Tetradecylthioacetic acid prevents high fat diet induced adiposity and insulin resistance". Journal of Lipid Research. ... One Phase I study showed no significant changes in the blood lipids or free fatty acids[4] and another showed that TTA ... 2009). "Tetradecylthioacetic acid attenuates dyslipidaemia in male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, possibly by dual ...
In particular, CYP2C9 metabolizes arachidonic acid to the following eicosatrienoic acid epoxide (termed EETs) stereoisomer sets ... linoleic acid to 9,10-epoxy octadecaenoic acids (also termed vernolic acid, linoleic acid 9:10-oxide, or leukotoxin) and 12,13- ... It likewise metablizes docosahexaenoic acid to epoxydocosapentaenoic acids (EDPs; primarily 19,20-epoxy-eicosapentaenoic acid ... vernolic acid (also termed leukotoxin) and coronaric acid (also termed isoleukotoxin); these linoleic acid epoxides cause ...
... hydroxy-eicosapentaenoic acid, 5(S)-hydroxy-eicosatrienoic acid, 5(S)-hydroxy-eicosadeinoic acid, 5(S)-hydroxy-eicosamonoenoic ... the 5-hydroxy fatty acids which they make or are presented with to 5-oxo fatty acids and rapidly reduce the 5-oxo fatty acids ... acid, 5(S)-hydroxy-octadecadienoic acid, 5(S),15(S)-dihydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid, and the 6-trans isomer of leukotriene B4 ( ... 14Z-eicosatetraenoic acid (i.e. 5-(S)-HETE; see 5-HETE) to its 5-keto analog, 5-oxo-eicosatetraenoic acid (i.e. 5-oxo-6S,8Z,11Z ...
Human cells synthesize LxA4 and LxB4 by serially metabolizing arachidonic acid (5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatrienoic acid) with a) ... 16Z-docosapentaenoic acid or osbond acid) is an isomer of n-3 DPA (clupanodonic acid) differing form the latter fatty acid only ... SPM are metabolites of arachidonic acid (AA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), or n-3 DPA (i.e. 7,10Z, ... 16Z-docosapentaenoic acid, also termed osbond acid. Cells metabolize EPA (5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z,17Z-eicosapentaenoic acid) by a ...
11Z-eicosatrienoic acid (a 5-LO metabolite of mead acid); 5(S)-hydroxy-6E,8Z-octadecadienoic acid and 5(S)-oxo-6E,8Z- ... octadecadienoic acid (5-LO metabolites of sebaleic acid, i.e. 5Z,8Z-octadecadienoic acid); and 5(S)-hydroxy-6E,8Z,11Z,14Z,17Z- ... Eicosanoid receptor 5-Hydroxyicosatetraenoic acid and 5-oxo-eicosatetraenoic acid Niacin receptor 1 GRCh38: Ensembl release 89 ... principle receptor for the 5-Hydroxyicosatetraenoic acid family of carboxy fatty acid metabolites derived from arachidonic acid ...
14Z-eicosatrienoic acid): 12S-hydroperoxy-5Z,8Z,10E,14Z-eicosatetraenoic acid → 8R/S-hydroxy-11,12-oxido-5Z,9E,14Z- ... It metabolizes the omega-3 fatty acid, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA i.e., 4(Z),7(Z),10(Z),13(Z),16(Z),19(Z)-docosahexaenoic acid ... eicosatrienoic acid + 10R/S-hydroxy-11,12-oxido-5Z,8Z,14Z-eicosatrienoic acid Hepoxilins can promote certain inflammation ... 14Z-eicosatetraenoic acid) and O2 (i.e. oxygen) and its product is 12S-hydroperoxy-5Z,8Z,10E,14Z-eicosatetraenoic acid (i.e. ...
15Z-eicosatrienoic acid), to 5-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (5-HpETE) which is then rapidly converted to physiologically ... Eicosapentaenoic acid[edit]. ALOX5 metabolizes the omega-3 fatty acid, Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, i.e. 4Z,8Z,11Z,14Z,17Z- ... Arachidonic acid[edit]. ALOX5 metabolizes the omega-6 fatty acid, Arachidonic acid (AA, i.e. 5Z,8Z,11Z, ... Docosahexaenoic acid[edit]. ALOX5 acts in series with ALOX15 to metabolize the omega 3 fatty acid, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, i ...
Two essential fatty acids are linoleic acid (LA) and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA). These fatty acids are widely distributed in ... Free fatty acids[edit]. When circulating in the plasma (plasma fatty acids) are not in their ester, fatty acids are known as ... Essential fatty acids[edit]. Main article: Essential fatty acid. Fatty acids that are required for good health but cannot be ... Short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) are fatty acids with aliphatic tails of five or fewer carbons (e.g. butyric acid).[6] ...
... (EPA; also icosapentaenoic acid) is an omega-3 fatty acid. In physiological literature, it is given the ... The human body converts alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) to EPA. ALA is itself an essential fatty acid, an appropriate supply of ... "MedlinePlus Herbs and Supplements: Omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil, alpha-linolenic acid". Archived from the original on February ... Vazhappilly R, Chen F (1998). "Eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid production potential of microalgae and their ...
... is not one of the essential fatty acids. However, it does become essential if a deficiency in linoleic acid ... Some arachidonic acid is converted into hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs) and epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) by ... and phosphatidic acid. Brain[edit]. Arachidonic acid is one of the most abundant fatty acids in the brain, and is present in ... Arachidonic acid (AA, sometimes ARA) is a polyunsaturated omega-6 fatty acid 20:4(ω-6)[citation needed], or 20:4(5,8,11,14).[2] ...
... such as linoleic acid (an omega-6 fatty acid) and alpha-linolenic acid (an omega-3 fatty acid) because they cannot be ... The doubly unsaturated fatty acid linoleic acid as well as the triply unsaturated α-linolenic acid cannot be synthesized in ... Fish oils are particularly rich in the longer-chain omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid ( ... Fatty acids, or fatty acid residues when they are part of a lipid, are a diverse group of molecules synthesized by chain- ...
"MYRISTIC ACID". ChemicalLand21.com. AroKor Holdings Inc. ശേഖരിച്ചത്: 17 June 2014.. *↑ Playfair, Lyon (2009). "XX. On a new fat ... 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Tetradecanoic acid in Linstrom, P.J.; Mallard, W.G. (eds.) NIST Chemistry WebBook, NIST Standard Reference ... വിക്കിമീഡിയ കോമൺസിലെ Myristic acid എന്ന വർഗ്ഗത്തിൽ ഇതുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട കൂടുതൽ പ്രമാണങ്ങൾ ലഭ്യമാണ്. ... acid in the butter of nutmegs". Philosophical Magazine. Series 3. 18 (115): 102-113. doi:10.1080/14786444108650255. ISSN 1941- ...
13-eicosatrienoic acid and prostaglandin E1. This is noteworthy because these compounds possess both anti-inflammatory and ... Arachidonic acid (AA) is a 20-carbon ω-6 conditionally essential fatty acid. It sits at the head of the "arachidonic acid ... Essential fatty acid Omega-3 fatty acid Omega-6 fatty acid Ratios of Omega 3 to Omega 6 in different foods Eicosanoid ... In the arachidonic acid cascade, dietary linoleic acid (18:2 ω-6) is desaturated and lengthened to form arachidonic acid, ...
... linolenic acid; (Z,Z,Z)-icosatri-8,11,14-enoic acid; (Z,Z,Z)-8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic acid ... InChI=1S/C20H34O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20(21)22/h6-7,9-10,12-13H,2-5,8,11,14-19H2,1H3,(H,21,22)/b7- ... 8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic acid, (Z,Z,Z)-. *Formula: C20H34O2 ... Other names: cis-8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic Acid; Dihomo-«gamma»- ...
Tricosahexaenoic acid from LGC Standards. Please login or register to view prices, check availability and place orders. ... 5Z,8Z,14Z)-Eicosatrienoic acid. 100 µg. LA 10-2034-39. Add to basket ... 5Z,8Z,14Z)-Eicosatrienoic acid. 500 μg. LA 10-2034-45. Add to basket ... 1,2-Di-O-Dodecyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidic acid (Na-salt). 50 mg. LA 38-1265-8. Add to basket ...
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is the most abundant n-3 PUFA in the brain and influences neuronal membrane function and ... Maternal intake of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) is critical during perinatal development of the brain. ... of total fatty acids) or an n-3 PUFA adequate diet (3.83% of total fatty acids) containing preformed DHA and its precursor α- ... Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is the most abundant n-3 PUFA in the brain and influences neuronal membrane function and ...
BO is a rich source of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA; 18:3n ... the modulation of renal diseases by polyunsaturated fatty acids ... 628317 - Linolenic acid deficiency: changes in fatty acid patterns in female and male rats raise.... 9301647 - Effect of ... BO is a rich source of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA; 18:3n-6), which is elongated to dihomogamma-linolenic acid (DGLA; 20:3n-6). ... Dietary alteration of dihomogamma-linolenic acid/arachidonic acid ratio in a rat 5/6-renal-ablation model. The Nutrition & ...
... This article or section includes a list of references or external links, but its sources remain unclear ... Linoleic acid (18:2), the shortest chain omega-6 fatty acid, is an essential fatty acid. Arachidonic acid (20:4) is a ... ω−6 fatty acids (also spelled n−6 or omega-6 fatty acids) are a family of polyunsaturated fatty acids which have in common a ... The biological effects of the ω−6 fatty acids are largely mediated by their interactions with the ω−3 fatty acids fatty acids ...
17-eicosatrienoic acid (dihomo-alpha-linolenic acid) [20:3, ω3]; 8,11,14,17-eicosatetraenoic acid [20:4, ω3]; 5,8,11,14,17- ... and organic acids such as formic acid, acetic acid, propionic acid, glycolic acid, lactic acid, pyruvic acid, oxalic acid, ... hydrobromic acid, perchloric acid, nitric acid, thiocyanic acid, sulfuric acid, and phosphoric acid, ... citric, tartaric, malonic acid, succinic acid, maleic acid, and fumaric acid, or by reaction with an inorganic base such as ...
Download: All data on "Milk cis-8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic acid content" Legend: Red QTL lines represent for significant and light ... QTL/associations for trait Milk cis-8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic acid content in the Cattle Genome. ( Note: Not all QTL on a ...
In the present study, we investigated whether endogenous CYP2J3/epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) mediates the cardioprotective ... epoxygenases and their arachidonic acid metabolites play a protective role against ischaemia-reperfusion injury. ... Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids in cardioprotection: ischemic versus reperfusion injury. Nithipatikom K, Moore JM, Isbell MA, Falck ... Evidence for role of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids in mediating ischemic preconditioning and postconditioning in dog. Gross GJ, ...
Combined inhibition of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid formation and of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids degradation attenuates ... Combined inhibition of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid formation and of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids degradation attenuates ... 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid) and the vasodilator EETs (epoxyeicosatrienoic acids), play an important role in the ... Recent studies have shown that the renal CYP450 (cytochrome P450) metabolites of AA (arachidonic acid), the vasoconstrictor 20- ...
It differs from arachidonic acid, 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid, only at position 5. ... A 20-carbon-chain fatty acid, unsaturated at positions 8, 11, and 14. ... Unsaturated fatty acid / Straight chain fatty acid / Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives / Carboxylic acid / Carboxylic acid ... Unsaturated fatty acids / Straight chain fatty acids / Monocarboxylic acids and derivatives / Carboxylic acids / Organic oxides ...
The activities of the liver enzymes that metabolize fatty acids and synthesize triglycerides are modified by... ... fatty acids mediate physiological processes in at least two different ways. ... Conversion of arachidonic acid to 15S-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid, J. Biol. Chem. 257: 6050 (1982).PubMedGoogle Scholar ... Sprecher H. (1989) (N-3) and (N-6) Fatty Acid Metabolism. In: Galli C., Simopoulos A.P. (eds) Dietary ω3 and ω6 Fatty Acids. ...
4-Amino-3-bromobenzoic acid ethyl ester 7149-03-3. Inquire. 2H-Benzofuran-3-one ...
EETS are epoxide eicosatrienoic acid metabolites of arachidonic acid (a straight chain Eicosatetraenoic acid, omega-6 fatty ... 14Z-eicosatetraenoic acid. Cytochrome P450 epoxygenases attack these double bonds to form their respective eicosatrienoic acid ... 14Z-eicosatrienoic acid), 8,9-EET (i.e. 5,6-epoxy-8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatrienoic acid), 11,12-EET (i.e. 11,12-epoxy-5Z,8Z,14Z- ... eicosatrienoic acid), or, as drawn in the attached figure, 14,15-EET (i.e. 14,15-epoxy-5Z,8Z,11Z-eicosatrienoic acid). The ...
17-eicosapentaenoic acid; 7,10,13,16,19-docosapentaenoic acid; and 4,7,10,13,16,19-docosahexaenoic acid. ... 12-octadecadienoic acid; 9-octadecenoic acid; 14-methyl hexadecanoic acid; 11,14 eicosadienoic acid, 5,9-octadecadienoic acid; ... Provided herein is technology relating to lipid compositions containing bioactive fatty acids and particularly, but not ... 14-eicosatrienoic acid to one or more of: 5,9,12-octadecatrienoic acid; 7,11,14-eicosatrienoic acid; 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic ...
Saturated fatty acids. "Saturated fatty acids" are defined as all fatty acids that contain no double bonds [B.01.001(1), FDR]. ... Trans fatty acids. "Trans fatty acids" are unsaturated fatty acids that contain one or more isolated or non-conjugated double ... Monounsaturated fatty acids. "Monounsaturated fatty acids" are cis-monounsaturated fatty acids [B.01.001(1), FDR].. Omega-3 ... Polyunsaturated fatty acids. "Polyunsaturated fatty acids" are cis-methylene interrupted polyunsaturated fatty acids [B.01.001( ...
... or interferes with a complex formed between a polyunsaturated fatty acid or an oxidized polyunsaturated fatty acid and a ... the oxidation of a polyunsaturated fatty acid, or interferes with a complex formed between the oxidized signal and a protein or ... or prevention of the formation of oxidized polyunsaturated fatty acids, ... and eicosatrienoic (C20 Δ8,11,14) acids.. The term oxidized polyunsaturated fatty acid refers to an unsaturated fatty acid in ...
18-dihydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid (5,18-diHETE) or by a Δ6-reductase to form 5-oxo-18-hydroxy-eicosatrienoic acid (5-oxo-18- ... 19-dihydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid (5,19-diHETE) or by a Δ6 reductase to 5-oxo-19-hydroxy-eicosatrienoic acid (5-oxo-19-HETrE ... Phospholipid-bound arachidonic acid → free arachidonic acid b) Free arachidonic acid + O2 → 5(S)-HpETE c) 5(S)-HpETE → 5(S)- ... and receptors of hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs) and oxoeicosatetraenoic acids (oxo-ETEs) derived from arachidonic acid ...
Eicosatrienoic acid (ETE) 20:3 (n-3) all-cis-11,14,17-eicosatrienoic acid ... Omega−3 fatty acids, also called ω−3 fatty acids or n−3 fatty acids,[1] are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) characterized ... all-cis-6,9,12,15,18-heneicosapentaenoic acid Docosapentaenoic acid (DPA),. Clupanodonic acid 22:5 (n-3) all-cis-7,10,13,16,19- ... all-cis-9,12,15,18,21-tetracosapentaenoic acid Tetracosahexaenoic acid (Nisinic acid) 24:6 (n-3) all-cis-6,9,12,15,18,21- ...
One source of the fatty acids or derivatives thereof is fish oil. The compositions are useful for promoting joint health in a ... or at least one pharmaceutically acceptable omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid derivative or mixtures thereof, (2) glucosamine ... Medicaments and therapeutic compositions contain (1) at least one omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, ... 17-eicosatrienoic acid (eicosatrienoic acid (ETE), 20:3 (n-3)); 8,11,14,17-eicosatetraenoic acid (eicosatetraenoic acid (ETA), ...
The present invention relates also to a drug combination comprising free fatty acids and/or fatty acid esters and uridine, ... preferably a fatty acid residue and R represents hydrogen or a hydroxy group, their use as pharmaceutically active agents ... acetic acid, citric acid, oxalic acid, malonic acid, salicylic acid, p-aminosalicylic acid, malic acid, fumaric acid, succinic ... acid, ascorbic acid, maleic acid, sulfonic acid, phosphonic acid, perchloric acid, nitric acid, formic acid,propionic acid, ...
... preferably a fatty acid residue and R represents hydrogen or ... acids cyclopropane acids furanoid acids epoxy acids lipoic acid ... acetic acid, citric acid, oxalic acid, malonic acid, salicylic acid, p-aminosalicylic acid, malic acid, fumaric acid, succinic ... acid, ascorbic acid, maleic acid, sulfonic acid, phosphonic acid, perchloric acid, nitric acid, formic acid, propionic acid, ... Mead acid, eleostearic acid, calendic acid, catalpic acid, stellaheptaenoic acid, taxoleic acid, pinolenic acid, sciadonic acid ...
... metabolize arachidonic acid to a set of products (the eicosatrienoic acid epoxides, abbreviated as EETs, which are classified ... Adrenic acid or 7(Z),10(Z),13(Z),16(Z)-docosatetraenoic acid, an abundant fatty acid in the adrenal gland, kidney, vasculature ... However, the CYP epoxygenases also metabolize other omega-6 fatty acids such as linoleic acid and the omega-3 fatty acids, ... 14Z-eicosatetraenoic acid. Certain CYP epoxygenases attack these double bounds to form their respective eicosatrienoic acid ...
Smoke Repellent Activity / Eicosatrienoic Acid from G. sepium / Filarial Vector Mosquitoes: Study evaluated the effectiveness ... Mosquito coil made using eicosatrienoic acid extracted from G. sepium was fumed for the entire pregnancy period of rat. The ... Smoke Repellent Action of Eicosatrienoic Acid from Gliricidia Sepium against Filarial Vector Mosquitoes / Jiji Thomas, Shonima ... Heartwood yielded a stigmastanol glucoside and 34-dihydroxy-trans-cinnamic acid octacosylester 2 along with three other known ...
Essential fatty acids (EFA) are nutrients that form an amazingly large array of bioactive mediators that act on a large family ... n-3 and n-6 homologs when converting dietary EFA from the external environment of foods into the highly unsaturated fatty acid ... Recently, the balance among eleven n-3 and n-6 nutrients in typical daily food items was expressed by an explicit Omega 3-6 ... eicosatrienoic 5,8,11 , 5,8,14 , 5,11,14 , 8,11,14), however acids with a double bond at position 4 were not tested [29]. ...
  • In response to a variety of inflammatory signals, these EFAs are cleaved out of the phospholipid and released as free fatty acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is ingested from oily fish, and algae oil or derived from dietary alpha-linolenic acid found in, for instance, walnuts, hemp oil and flax oil. (wikipedia.org)
  • for example, cytochrome P450 epoxidases metabolize arachidonic acid to a mixture of 14R,15S-EET and 14S,15R-EET. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various cell types metabolize arachidonic acid to 15(S)-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15(S)-HpETE). (wikipedia.org)
  • Some cell types (e.g. platelets) metabolize arachidonic acid to the stereoisomer of 15(S)-HpETE, 15(R)-HpETE. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cycloxygenase: Cells can use prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 (i.e. cyclooxygenenase-1 or COX-1) and Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (COX-2) to metabolize arachidonic acid primarily to prostaglandins but also to small amounts of 11(R)-HETE and a racemic mixture of 15-HETEs composed of ~22% 15(R)-HETE and ~78% 15(S)-HETE. (wikipedia.org)
  • Accordingly, the eicosanoid-receptor interaction is typically limited to a local interaction: cells, upon stimulation, metabolize arachidonic acid to an eicosanoid which then binds cognate receptors on either its parent cell (acting as an Autocrine signalling molecule) or on nearby cells (acting as a Paracrine signalling molecule) to trigger functional responses within a restricted tissue area, e.g. an inflammatory response to an invading pathogen. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mounting evidence from studies with Arabidopsis thaliana plants defective in stearoyl-acyl carrier protein-desaturase, the enzyme responsible for conversion of stearic acid (18:0) to oleic acid (18:1 Δ 9 ), has established that the levels of 18:1 are a critical regulator of salicylic acid (SA)- and jasmonic acid (JA)-mediated defense signaling in the plant (A. (plantcell.org)
  • It is also a trans isomer of oleic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • The "ω-9" series, which is derived from oleic acid (OA, 18:1, ω-9). (schoolbag.info)
  • The beneficial effect of 11,12-EET was not prevented by blockade of K(ATP) channels nor by blockade of TRPV4. (elsevier.com)
  • The protective effect of 11,12-EET was abolished (24.3 ± 4.6%) by the K ATP channel antagonist glibenclamide. (elsevier.com)
  • Both of these metabolites, depending on the cell type which forms them, can be further metabolized to 15-oxo-eicosatetraenoic acid (15-oxo-ETE), 5S,15S-dihydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid (5(S),15(S)-diHETE), 5-oxo-15(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (5-oxo-15(S)-HETE, a subset of specialized pro-resolving mediators viz. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both stereoisomers are produced from their corresponding S and R 15-HpETE stereoisomers, i.e. 15(S)-hydroperoxy-5Z,8Z,11Z,13E-eicosatetraenoic acid (15(S)-HpETE) and (15R)-hydroperoxy-5Z,8Z,11Z,13E-eicosatetraenoic acid (15(R)-HpETE). (wikipedia.org)
  • Human cells release arachidonic acid (i.e. 5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenoic acid) from its storage site in phospholipids by reactions that involve phospholipase C and/or lipase enzymes. (wikipedia.org)
  • ALOX12 metabolizes arachidonic acid almost exclusively to 12( S )-hydroperoxy-5 Z ,8 Z ,10 E ,14 Z -eicosatetraenoic acid (12( S )-HpETE or 12 S -HpETE). (alchetron.com)
  • see 5-HETE) to its 5-keto analog, 5-oxo-eicosatetraenoic acid (i.e. 5-oxo-6S,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenoic acid or 5-oxo-ETE). (wikipedia.org)
  • The immediate metabolic precursor to 5(S)-HETE, 5(S)-hydroperoxy-6S,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenoic acid 5(S)-HpETE, can be converted to 5-oxo-ETE in a non-enzymatic dehydration reaction or chemical lipid peroxidation reactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • ALOX5 products, particularly 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid and 5-oxo-eicosatetraenoic acid, promote the proliferation of these ALOX5 aberrantly expressing tumor cell lines suggesting that ALOX5 acts as a pro-malignancy factor for them and by extension their parent tumors. (wikipedia.org)
  • ALOX12 metabolizes arachidonic acid almost exclusively to 12(S)-hydroperoxy-5Z,8Z,10E,14Z-eicosatetraenoic acid (12(S)-HpETE or 12S-HpETE). (wikipedia.org)
  • it is also metabolized by various lipoxygenases to hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (e.g. 5-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid, 12-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid, 15-hydroxyicosatetraenoic acid) and leukotrienes (e.g. leukotriene B4, leukotriene C4) in what has been termed the second pathway of eicosanoid production. (wikipedia.org)
  • SLC38 is one of the families of SLCs, which are also known as sodium-coupled neutral amino acid transporters (SNATs). (diva-portal.org)
  • 17. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody is a mouse antibody comprising a heavy chain variable region having the amino acid sequence set forth in residues 20 to 137 of SEQ ID NO:2, and a light chain variable region having the amino acid sequence set forth in residues 21 to 132 of SEQ ID NO:12, or a chimeric or humanized form of the mouse antibody. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Mice also express an epidermal type 15-lipoxygenase (e-12LO) which has 50.8% amino acid sequence identity to human 15-LOX-2 and 49.3% sequence indetity to mouse Arachidonate 8-lipoxygenase. (alchetron.com)
  • This 11 kilobase pair gene consists of 14 exons and 13 introns coding for a 75 kiloDalton protein composed of 662 amino acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • and mouse, rat, and rabbit rodent orthologs of human ALOX15, which share 74-81% amino acid identity with the human enzyme, are commonly termed Alox15, 12/15-lipoxygenase, 12/15-LOX, or 12/15-LO). (wikipedia.org)
  • OXER1 has 30.3%, 30.7%, and 30.7% amino acid sequence identity with these GPCRs, respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • ALOX12 is 75 kilodalton protein composed of 663 amino acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ALOX5 gene, which occupies 71.9 kilobase pairs (kb) on chromosome 10 (all other human lipoxygenases are clustered together on chromosome 17), is composed of 14 exons divided by 13 introns encoding the mature 78 kilodalton (kD) ALOX5 protein consisting of 673 amino acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human ALOX5 is a soluble, monomeric protein consisting of 673 amino acids with a molecular weight of ~78 kDa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hiroshi Kawashima, 'Process for production of dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid and lipid containing same. (drugbank.ca)
  • The component building blocks of the lipid s found in storage fats, in lipoproteins (combinations of lipid and protein), and in the membranes of cells and organelles are glycerol, the fatty acids, and a number of other compounds (e.g., serine, inositol). (britannica.com)
  • The present disclosure describes a delivery device for administration of nutraceuticals or pharmaceuticals, which device contains a soft gel shell comprising a gelatin-based water soluble film forming polymer, an acid insoluble polymer, and at least one reducing sugar and water, including processes, gel mixtures used for device production, and coatings containing such gel mixtures. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 12. The soft gel shell matrix of claim 1, wherein the matrix comprises a water soluble film former at about 15 to 55% (w/w), an acid soluble polymer at about 0.5 to 30% (w/w), a reducing sugar at about 0.5 to 20% (w/w), a plasticizer at about 5 to 30% (w/w), and about 10 to 40% (w/w) water. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 8. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the non-ionic surfactant is a non-ionic water-soluble mono-, di-, or tri-glyceride. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • T-A. Hagve and B.O. Christophersen, Linolenic acid desaturation and chain elongation and rapid turnover of phospholipid (n-3) fatty acids in isolated rat liver cells, Biochim. (springer.com)
  • Effect of dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid on the canine pulmonary vascular bed. (elsevier.com)
  • Wang X, Lin H, Gu Y. Multiple roles of dihomo-γ-linolenic acid against proliferation diseases. (omega-research.com)
  • Fish oil supplementation during pregnancy not only improves maternal and neonatal DHA status, but often reduces gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), dihomo-GLA (DGLA), and arachidonic acid (ARA) levels also, which may compromise foetal and infant development. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The "ω-3" series, which is derived from α-linolenic acid (ALA, 18:3, ω-3). (schoolbag.info)
  • Altered expression of JA and SA pathway genes in EP plants shows that eicosapolyenoic acids effectively modulate stress-responsive transcriptional networks. (plantcell.org)
  • It is noteworthy that the precursors for all of these metabolites belong to either the omega -6 ( n -6) or the omega -3 ( n -3) families of polyunsaturated fatty acids. (lipidhome.co.uk)
  • US Patent Application Number: 20030176499 sulfonamide defined: May 8, 2003 pectoris: The Summary of parts, also genes, affects dilated for the hospital of a method 8,11,14-eicosatrienoic in the method of detrimental origin threeyear, and pharmaceutically the receptors of Y intensity specific to physiological Diseases. (sheppardengineering.com)
  • Vernolic and coronaric acids are potentially toxic, causing multiple organ failure and respiratory distress when injected into animals. (wikipedia.org)