Groundwater: Liquid water present beneath the surface of the earth.Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Water Pollution, Chemical: Adverse effect upon bodies of water (LAKES; RIVERS; seas; groundwater etc.) caused by CHEMICAL WATER POLLUTANTS.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)Water Pollutants: Substances or organisms which pollute the water or bodies of water. Use for water pollutants in general or those for which there is no specific heading.Arsenic: A shiny gray element with atomic symbol As, atomic number 33, and atomic weight 75. It occurs throughout the universe, mostly in the form of metallic arsenides. Most forms are toxic. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), arsenic and certain arsenic compounds have been listed as known carcinogens. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Uranium: Uranium. A radioactive element of the actinide series of metals. It has an atomic symbol U, atomic number 92, and atomic weight 238.03. U-235 is used as the fissionable fuel in nuclear weapons and as fuel in nuclear power reactors.Biodegradation, Environmental: Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.Water Pollutants, Radioactive: Pollutants, present in water or bodies of water, which exhibit radioactivity.Water Wells: Constructions built to access underground water.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Trichloroethylene: A highly volatile inhalation anesthetic used mainly in short surgical procedures where light anesthesia with good analgesia is required. It is also used as an industrial solvent. Prolonged exposure to high concentrations of the vapor can lead to cardiotoxicity and neurological impairment.Water Movements: The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.Drinking Water: Water that is intended to be ingested.Radioactive Waste: Liquid, solid, or gaseous waste resulting from mining of radioactive ore, production of reactor fuel materials, reactor operation, processing of irradiated reactor fuels, and related operations, and from use of radioactive materials in research, industry, and medicine. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Water Purification: Any of several processes in which undesirable impurities in water are removed or neutralized; for example, chlorination, filtration, primary treatment, ion exchange, and distillation. It includes treatment of WASTE WATER to provide potable and hygienic water in a controlled or closed environment as well as provision of public drinking water supplies.Soil Pollutants: Substances which pollute the soil. Use for soil pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.Fertilizers: Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.Geology: The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Environmental Remediation: Removal of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS or contaminants for the general protection of the environment. This is accomplished by various chemical, biological, and bulk movement methods, in conjunction with ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING.Geological Phenomena: The inanimate matter of Earth, the structures and properties of this matter, and the processes that affect it.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Tetrachloroethylene: A chlorinated hydrocarbon used as an industrial solvent and cooling liquid in electrical transformers. It is a potential carcinogen.BangladeshNitrates: Inorganic or organic salts and esters of nitric acid. These compounds contain the NO3- radical.Arsenic Poisoning: Disorders associated with acute or chronic exposure to compounds containing ARSENIC (ARSENICALS) which may be fatal. Acute oral ingestion is associated with gastrointestinal symptoms and an encephalopathy which may manifest as SEIZURES, mental status changes, and COMA. Chronic exposure is associated with mucosal irritation, desquamating rash, myalgias, peripheral neuropathy, and white transverse (Mees) lines in the fingernails. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1212)Geologic Sediments: A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)Hydrology: Science dealing with the properties, distribution, and circulation of water on and below the earth's surface, and atmosphere.Manure: Accumulations of solid or liquid animal excreta usually from stables and barnyards with or without litter material. Its chief application is as a fertilizer. (From Webster's 3d ed)Water Pollution, RadioactiveGeobacter: A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, metal-reducing bacteria in the family Geobacteraceae. They have the ability to oxidize a variety of organic compounds, including AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS.Chloroflexi: Phylum of green nonsulfur bacteria including the family Chloroflexaceae, among others.Agricultural Irrigation: The routing of water to open or closed areas where it is used for agricultural purposes.Refuse Disposal: The discarding or destroying of garbage, sewage, or other waste matter or its transformation into something useful or innocuous.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Geological Processes: Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.Halogenation: Covalent attachment of HALOGENS to other compounds.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Water Quality: A rating of a body of water based on measurable physical, chemical, and biological characteristics.NebraskaCreosote: A greasy substance with a smoky odor and burned taste created by high temperature treatment of BEECH and other WOOD; COAL TAR; or resin of the CREOSOTE BUSH. It contains CRESOLS and POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS which are CARCINOGENS. It has been widely used as wood preservative and in PESTICIDES and had former use medicinally in DISINFECTANTS; LAXATIVES; and DERMATOLOGIC AGENTS.Ethylene Dichlorides: Toxic, chlorinated, saturated hydrocarbons. Include both the 1,1- and 1,2-dichloro isomers. The latter is considerably more toxic. It has a sweet taste, ethereal odor and has been used as a fumigant and intoxicant among sniffers. Has many household and industrial uses.Sewage: Refuse liquid or waste matter carried off by sewers.Gasoline: Volative flammable fuel (liquid hydrocarbons) derived from crude petroleum by processes such as distillation reforming, polymerization, etc.Dichloroethylenes: Toxic chlorinated unsaturated hydrocarbons. Include both the 1,1- and 1,2-dichloro isomers. Both isomers are toxic, but 1,1-dichloroethylene is the more potent CNS depressant and hepatotoxin. It is used in the manufacture of thermoplastic polymers.Water Cycle: Circulation of water among various ecological systems, in various states, on, above, and below the surface of the earth.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Waste Management: Disposal, processing, controlling, recycling, and reusing the solid, liquid, and gaseous wastes of plants, animals, humans, and other organisms. It includes control within a closed ecological system to maintain a habitable environment.Wetlands: Environments or habitats at the interface between truly terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them different from each yet highly dependent on both. Adaptations to low soil oxygen characterize many wetland species.Metals, Heavy: Metals with high specific gravity, typically larger than 5. They have complex spectra, form colored salts and double salts, have a low electrode potential, are mainly amphoteric, yield weak bases and weak acids, and are oxidizing or reducing agents (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Toluene: A widely used industrial solvent.Amphipoda: An order of mostly marine CRUSTACEA containing more than 5500 species in over 100 families. Like ISOPODA, the other large order in the superorder Peracarida, members are shrimp-like in appearance, have sessile compound eyes, and no carapace. But unlike Isopoda, they possess thoracic gills and their bodies are laterally compressed.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Filtration: A process of separating particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or a liquid, by passing the fluid carrier through a medium that will not pass the particulates. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Vinyl Chloride: A gas that has been used as an aerosol propellant and is the starting material for polyvinyl resins. Toxicity studies have shown various adverse effects, particularly the occurrence of liver neoplasms.Isopoda: One of the largest orders of mostly marine CRUSTACEA, containing over 10,000 species. Like AMPHIPODA, the other large order in the superorder Peracarida, members are shrimp-like in appearance, have sessile compound eyes, and no carapace. But unlike Amphipoda, they possess abdominal pleopods (modified as gills) and their bodies are dorsoventrally flattened.DNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.Petroleum: Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.Water Resources: Environmental reservoirs of water related to natural WATER CYCLE by which water is obtained for various purposes. This includes but is not limited to watersheds, aquifers and springs.Benzene: Toxic, volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbon byproduct of coal distillation. It is used as an industrial solvent in paints, varnishes, lacquer thinners, gasoline, etc. Benzene causes central nervous system damage acutely and bone marrow damage chronically and is carcinogenic. It was formerly used as parasiticide.Xylenes: A family of isomeric, colorless aromatic hydrocarbon liquids, that contain the general formula C6H4(CH3)2. They are produced by the destructive distillation of coal or by the catalytic reforming of petroleum naphthenic fractions. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Geographic Information Systems: Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.Geographic Mapping: Creating a representation of areas of the earth or other celestial bodies, for the purpose of visualizing spatial distributions of various information.Microbial Consortia: A group of different species of microorganisms that act together as a community.Proteobacteria: A phylum of bacteria consisting of the purple bacteria and their relatives which form a branch of the eubacterial tree. This group of predominantly gram-negative bacteria is classified based on homology of equivalent nucleotide sequences of 16S ribosomal RNA or by hybridization of ribosomal RNA or DNA with 16S and 23S ribosomal RNA.Benzene DerivativesSulfates: Inorganic salts of sulfuric acid.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Nitrogen Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain nitrogen as an integral part of the molecule.Deltaproteobacteria: A group of PROTEOBACTERIA represented by morphologically diverse, anaerobic sulfidogens. Some members of this group are considered bacterial predators, having bacteriolytic properties.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Hydrobiology: The study of aquatic life inhabiting bodies of water, including growth, morphology, physiology, genetics, distribution, and interactions with other organisms and the environment. It includes MARINE HYDROBIOLOGY.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Oxidation-Reduction: A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).MiningEnterovirus: A genus of the family PICORNAVIRIDAE whose members preferentially inhabit the intestinal tract of a variety of hosts. The genus contains many species. Newly described members of human enteroviruses are assigned continuous numbers with the species designated "human enterovirus".Methane: The simplest saturated hydrocarbon. It is a colorless, flammable gas, slightly soluble in water. It is one of the chief constituents of natural gas and is formed in the decomposition of organic matter. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Arsenates: Inorganic or organic salts and esters of arsenic acid.Environmental Pollution: Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.Waste Disposal, Fluid: The discarding or destroying of liquid waste products or their transformation into something useful or innocuous.Thiothrix: A genus of colorless, filamentous, rod-shaped bacteria in the family THIOTRICHACEAE, containing sulfur globules. Thiothrix species are found as components of BIOFILMS in irrigation systems and wastewater treatment plants, and in marine environments as endosymbionts.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.ChlorobenzenesComamonas: A genus of gram-negative, straight or slightly curved rods which are motile by polar flagella and which accumulate poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate within the cells.Perchlorates: Compounds that contain the Cl(=O)(=O)(=O)O- structure. Included under this heading is perchloric acid and the salts and ester forms of perchlorate.Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated: Hydrocarbon compounds with one or more of the hydrogens replaced by CHLORINE.Mars: The fourth planet in order from the sun. Its two natural satellites are Deimos and Phobos. It is one of the four inner or terrestrial planets of the solar system.Bromides: Salts of hydrobromic acid, HBr, with the bromine atom in the 1- oxidation state. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Ferric Compounds: Inorganic or organic compounds containing trivalent iron.Chromium: A trace element that plays a role in glucose metabolism. It has the atomic symbol Cr, atomic number 24, and atomic weight 52. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP85-002,1985), chromium and some of its compounds have been listed as known carcinogens.Soil Pollutants, Radioactive: Pollutants, present in soil, which exhibit radioactivity.Industrial Waste: Worthless, damaged, defective, superfluous or effluent material from industrial operations.Maine
Rao, N. Srinivasa (December 1998). "MHPT.BAS: a computer program for modified Hill-Piper diagram for classification of ground water ... Sadashivaiah, C.; Ramakrishnaiah, C.R.; Ranganna, G. (2008). "Hydrochemical Analysis and Evaluation of Groundwater Quality in ...
Groundwater, USGS - U.S. Geological Survey Office of. "Information for New MODFLOW Users". water.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2017-10-12 ... In hydrogeology, groundwater flow is often modeled numerically by the finite element method and finite difference method. These ... Flow of fluids is simulated using numerical methods, and this shows how ground water moves, or how motions of the molten outer ... It is a free and open-source program that uses the finite difference method as the framework to model groundwater conditions. ...
ISBN 0-473-02959-6. "Groundwater" (PDF). Marlborough District Council. c. 2004. p. 34. Archived from the original (PDF) on ... As of 2017, there is an initiative to have Ward renamed as Flaxbourne. List of rivers of New Zealand Peter Dowling (editor) ( ... Retrieved 9 June 2017. Land Information New Zealand - Search for Place Names Coordinates: 41°51′S 174°11′E / 41.850°S 174.183 ... Lewis, Oliver (9 June 2017). "Campaign for a new town name". The Press. p. A4. ...
Ingham County's Surface and Groundwater Resources. Lansing, Michigan: Ingham County Health Department. 2000. "Groundwater". ... Retrieved 2017-04-06. McKenna, Brian (2001-10-17). "Deep, Dark and Wonderous, the Saginaw Aquifer". Retrieved 2017-04-06. ... Retrieved 2017-04-06. Westjohn, D.B.; Weaver, T.L. (1996). Hydrogeologic Framework of Pennsylvanian and Late Mississippian ...
Ground Water. 20 (3): 298-302. doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1982.tb01350.x. "Well remediation and rehabilitation". Groundwater ... It also affects groundwater flow in aquifer, such as permeable reactive barrier and microbial enhanced oil recovery. In the ... van Beek, C.G.E.M.; van der Kooij, D. (1982). "Sulfate-reducing bacteria in ground water from clogging and non-clogging shallow ... Bioclogging can be observed when water is withdrawn from aquifer (below groundwater table) through a water well. Over months ...
"Radionuclides in Groundwater". U.S. NRC. nrc.gov. Retrieved 2 October 2017. The Database on Nuclear Power Reactors - IAEA ... The natural nuclear reactors formed when a uranium-rich mineral deposit became inundated with groundwater that acted as a ... Detectable Strontium-90 in ground water and the general environment can be traced to weapons testing and the Chernobyl accident ... Retrieved 2017-01-12. Kragh, Helge (1999). Quantum Generations: A History of Physics in the Twentieth Century. Princeton NJ: ...
NAPLs tend to contaminate soil and groundwaters. Many common groundwater contaminants such as chlorinated solvents and many ... They do not mix readily with water and therefore flow separately from ground water. If the NAPL is denser than water, like ... Innovations in ground water and soil cleanup--From concept to commercialization: Washington, D.C., National Academies Press, ... Ground Water Issue. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved May 27, 2017. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ...
"Groundwater Investigation Pavillion." EPA. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12 ... Sep 27, 2012 Diesel in Water Near Fracking Confirms EPA Tests Wyoming Disputes EPA Office Website Groundwater Investigation: ... 2010 the United States Environmental Protection Agency opened an investigation into the possible contamination of groundwater ... "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved ...
"Groundwater Supply System". www.nyc.gov. Retrieved 2017-04-19. "New York City's Water Supply System Map". New York City ...
"Fluoride alert for groundwater," The Telegraph, Calcutta, Friday 11 January 2008.[1] MacDonald, L. "Water and Health:An ... "Fluoride alert for groundwater". The Telegraph, Calcutta. 11 January 2008. Retrieved 4 February 2017. Khandare, AL; Harikumar, ... for the establishment of clinics Fluoride in groundwater presents a public health problem in Jharkhand. A recent survey led by ... Retrieved 2 February 2017. "High time to make most of mahua - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2 February 2017. " ...
"Groundwater Resources of Jefferson County, Kentucky - Topography". Groundwater Resources in Kentucky. Kentucky Geological ... Retrieved April 20, 2017. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. "U.S. Decennial Census". United ...
6-7 "Sandstone aquifers". Groundwater Atlas of the United States. USGS. Archived from the original on March 9, 2012. Retrieved ... 1982, p. 113 Olcott, Perry G. "Regional Summary". Ground Water Atlas of the United States: Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin ... Olcott, Perry G. "Jacobsville and Crystalline-Rock Aquifers". Ground Water Atlas of the United States: Iowa, Michigan, ... Vanlier, Kenneth E. (1963). "Water Investigation 1: Reconnaissance of the Ground-Water Resources of Alger County, Michigan" ( ...
Harter, Thomas (2009). "Agricultural Impacts on Groundwater Nitrate" (PDF). Southwest Hydrology. 8: 22-23. "Groundwater Shock: ... In California's Groundwater Bulletin 118, a chart, linked below, illustrates the number of non-compliant public supply wells ... The Turlock Basin is a sub-basin of the San Joaquin Valley groundwater basin found within Stanislaus County and Merced County ... The sinking has destroyed thousands of groundwater well casings and has the potential to damage aqueducts, roads, bridges, and ...
Groundwater, Ben (2007-01-16). "Are you a backpacker, or a poshpacker?". blogs.smh.com.au. "Begpacking: Why I refuse to judge ... Retrieved 2017-10-18. Caprioglio O'Reilly, Camille (2006). "From Drifter to Gap Year Tourist Mainstreaming Backpacker Travel". ... "Notorious begpacker barred from entering S'pore, goes around the world begging". 2017-04-13. Backpacking at Curlie (based on ... westerners busking to fund gap year travels". 2017-04-12. " ...
Drinking water quality in the United States "National Primary Drinking Water Regulations (Summary tables)". Ground Water and ... Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2017-03-21. "How EPA Regulates Drinking Water Contaminants". EPA. ...
Groundwater, Colin (19 June 2017). "Review: Lorde, Melodrama". Pretty Much Amazing. Archived from the original on 5 January ... On 14 September 2017, a remix version featuring vocals by R&B singers Khalid and SZA and rapper Post Malone was released. She ... 2017. Bowman, Lisa (8 August 2017). "Watch Lorde invite Tove Lo on stage for a duet of 'Homemade Dynamite'". NME. Archived from ... Retrieved 1 September 2017. Abad-Santos, Alex (27 August 2017). "Lorde had the flu. She performed at the VMAs anyway". Vox.com ...
Central Ground Water Board. Retrieved 2013-01-06. Karkare, Aakash. "'Ramayana' to 'Karmaphal Data Shani': Inside India's one- ... ". "Midmark sets up medical device manufacturing plant in Gujarat". 22 June 2017. ...
Groundwater, Ben (30 April 2013). "Why trains are better than planes". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 1 May 2013. von ... Retrieved 2017-01-02. "What's new this month". European Rail Timetable (Winter 2016/2017 edition), p. 3. UK: European Rail ... Retrieved 2017-01-02. Fahrplanwechsel. In: Eisenbahn-Revue International, Heft 11/2002, ISSN 1421-2811, S. 498 f. ...
About 90% of public water systems in the U.S. obtain their water from groundwater. However, since systems served by groundwater ... Orange County Groundwater Replenishment System. Orange County Groundwater Replenishment System Case Study Archived 2012-03-31 ... "Orange County's Groundwater Replenishment Dystem: Potable reuse for the best available water" (PDF). Archived from the original ... The City of El Paso's (Texas, USA) water sources include groundwater aquifers and surface water from the Rio Grande. In order ...
Andy Groundwater (18 April 2017). "Plaque In Memory of "Piping Great" Unveiled in Aberdeen". Evening Express. Retrieved 13 June ... Retrieved 13 June 2017. "Pipe Major George S. McLennan A Gordon for Me". Box and Fiddle. March 1998. Hamish McLennan. "Tunes ... Retrieved 13 June 2017. "McLennan, George Stewart". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University ...
Groundwater, Colin (30 October 2017). "Review: Fever Ray, Plunge". Pretty Much Amazing. Retrieved 31 October 2017. Jex, Andy ( ... In his review for Pretty Much Amazing, Colin Groundwater said, "Plunge is a worthy addition to Dreijer's career discography, ... "AllMusic's Best of 2017". AllMusic. Retrieved 8 December 2017. "The A.V. Club's 20 Best Albums of 2017". The A.V. Club. 7 ... Retrieved 8 December 2017. Gerardi, Matt (31 October 2017). "Fever Ray is more alive than ever on the wild, thrilling Plunge". ...
"Predicting groundwater arsenic contamination in Southeast Asia from surface parameters". Nature Geoscience. 1 (8): 536-542. doi ... Inorganic minerals generally enter surface water and ground water via storm water runoff or through the Earth's crust. ... Sources where water may be obtained include: Ground sources such as groundwater, springs, hyporheic zones and aquifers ... While instances of cholera, typhoid and diarrhea were reduced, other problems emerged due to polluted groundwater. Sixty ...
Groundwater most often becomes contaminated naturally; however, contamination may also occur from mining or agriculture. ... "USGS NAWQA Arsenic in Groundwater". Archived from the original on 2010-05-31. "Study Finds an Increase in Arsenic Levels in ... August 10, 2011) Concentration of selected toxic metals in groundwater and some cereals grown in Shibganj area of Chapai ... Inorganic arsenic trioxide found in ground water particularly affects voltage-gated potassium channels, disrupting cellular ...
Wagner, Wolfgang (2011). Groundwater in the Arab Middle East. New York: Springer. p. 141. ISBN 9783642193514. Retrieved 2 ... Retrieved 2 February 2017. Betts, Alison (1996). The Harra and the Hamad : excavations and surveys in Eastern Jordan, vol. 1. ... Retrieved 2 February 2017. Harris, Nathaniel (2003). "Syrian+desert" Atlas of the world's deserts. New York: Fitzroy Dearborn. ... Retrieved 2 February 2017. "Syrian Desert". Archived from the original on January 13, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-13. CS1 maint: ...
Safawi, Jordan, a town Umm el-Jimal, village with ancient ruins DOS Jordan Wagner, Wolfgang (2011). Groundwater in the Arab ... Retrieved 2 February 2017. "Jebel 'Aneiza, Saudi Arabia". geographic.org. Retrieved 2 February 2017. Philip's world atlas (New ... Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 January 2017. Ministry of Agriculture Total area of trees by province report of 2008 ...
... as well as severe land subsidence in some low-lying areas of town due to excess pumping of groundwater in the 1960s (see ... Baytown and surrounding communities once relied on groundwater for its needs, but severe land subsidence has forced much the ...
Select 2017 high quality Wholesale Ground Water Detector products in best price from certified Chinese Under Ground Detector ... Ground Water Finder, Ground Water Detection, Dzd-6A 500m Underground Water Detector, Water ... FOB Price: US $1 / Piece Min. ... Underground Water Detection Ground Water Finder Groundwater Detector FOB Price: US $5 / Piece Min. Order: 1 Piece ... Ground Water Finder, Geoelectric Water Detector, Geoelectric Water Finder, Ves Water ... FOB Price: US $1 / Piece Min. Order: 1 ...
... soil and groundwater) articles on Environmental XPRT, the worlds largest environmental industry marketplace and information ... Optimal design of groundwater-level monitoring networks Groundwater monitoring plays a significant role in groundwater ... The importance of groundwater monitoring Groundwater monitoring is an essential element in any environmental information system ... Surveying for 600-Meter-Deep Groundwater in Kenya - Case Study The importance of groundwater cant be overstated. Its crucial ...
... the magnitude of groundwater source contribution to the xylem water mixture (defined as the proportion of groundwater ... The role of groundwater as a resource in sustaining terrestrial vegetation is widely recognized. But the global prevalence and ... Prevalence and magnitude of groundwater use by vegetation: a global stable isotope meta-analysis. Jaivime Evaristo and Jeffrey ... Our results suggest that while groundwater influence is globally prevalent, its proportional contribution to the total ...
Groundwater Sustainability - Long Island, New York Home. Groundwater sustainability can best be defined as the development and ... Groundwater sustainability can be best defined as the development and use of groundwater in a manner that can be maintained for ... Long Island Groundwater Sustainability Study Progress Report Long Island Groundwater Sustainability Study Progress Report ... Groundwater-Flow Modeling - Long Island, New York Home. Numerical models provide a means to synthesize existing hydrogeologic ...
... the magnitude of groundwater source contribution to the xylem water mixture (defined as the proportion of groundwater ... But the global prevalence and magnitude of groundwater use by vegetation is unknown. Here we perform a meta-analysis of plant ... Our results suggest that while groundwater influence is globally prevalent, its proportional contribution to the total ... We show that the prevalence of groundwater use by vegetation (defined as the number of samples out of a universe of plant ...
Groundwater is rain or melted ice that filters through Earths rocky layers to pool in aquifers -- a process that can take ... Groundwater is pumped to the surface with wells for drinking and irrigation, and supplies about a third of human water needs. ... New groundwater has more tritium, a short-lived isotope of hydrogen, as it was more recently exposed to Earths atmosphere and ... So-called "fossil" groundwater -- more than 12,000 years old -- trickled into sub-surface aquifers long before it could be ...
Groundwater-Dependent Ecosystems (or GDEs) are ecosystems that rely upon groundwater for their continued existence. Groundwater ... Bogs, are also a type of wetland that is not directly reliant on groundwater but uses the presence of groundwater to provide ... and even groundwater). With a few exceptions, the interaction between various ecosystems and their respective groundwater is a ... in some instances wetlands feed off of perched groundwater which is groundwater separated from the regular water table by an ...
"Sustainable Groundwater Management Act". groundwater.ucdavis.edu. Retrieved 2016-04-03. "Groundwater Sustainability Program". ... Groundwater is being pumped in excess of the natural rate of replenishment which in return is lowering the groundwater table. ... Groundwater is out of sight which makes it difficult to monitor it, especially when the groundwater basins boundaries reach ... "Sustainable groundwater management" is defined in the SGMA as the management and use of groundwater that can be maintained ...
was found liable Tuesday in a long-running lawsuit over groundwater contamination caused by the gasoline additive MTBE, and the ... The chemical was added to gasoline to reduce smog but was found to travel farther and faster in groundwater than gasoline ... was found liable Tuesday in a long-running lawsuit over groundwater contamination caused by the gasoline additive MTBE, and the ... The panel awarded the state all $236 million it was seeking from Exxon Mobil to monitor and remediate groundwater contaminated ...
Regional groundwater, Groundwater flow systems. This international symposium will examine the current state of the regional ... and organized by the IAH Commission on Regional Groundwater Flow in cooperation with the IAH Commission on Groundwater and ... Commissions & Networks Contributing to the science of groundwater and undertaking outreach, education and training Publications ... National Chapters Local professional, scientific and social benefits and promotion of sustainable groundwater use ...
Assessment of groundwater quality is an important aspect of water security, which is the key to ensure sustainable development ... Robins NS (2002) Groundwater quality in Scotland: major ion chemistry of the key groundwater bodies. Sci Total Environ 294(1): ... Wu M, Wu J, Liu J, Wu J, Zheng C (2015) Effect of groundwater quality on sustainability of groundwater resource: a case study ... Central Groundwater Board (2012) Groundwater information booklet-Yadgir district, Karnataka. CGWB South Western region ...
It was established that rain is the main source of groundwater recharge. The groundwater system seems to retain the stable ... Oxtobee JPA, Novakowski KS (2003) Groundwater-surface water interaction in a fractured rock aquifer. Groundwater 41(5):667-681 ... Fractured rock aquifer Groundwater recharge Groundwater flow Stable isotopes Pumping test Malawi ... indicating potential for groundwater flow across the fault and highlighting that the fault may be acting as a groundwater ...
... attitudes toward a winter wheat-fallow policy in the groundwater funnel area and the farmer level of trust in government policy ... wheat-fallow cropping system in a groundwater funnel area in Hebei. The main factors affecting farmers willingness to fallow ... some policy implications are put forward to improve the effectiveness of the winter wheat fallowing policy in the groundwater ... considering only the impact of winter wheat on groundwater, the proposed compensation standard for farmers who accept the ...
Concentration of Cr6+ in groundwater was detected to further study chromium contamination. Cr6+ and Cd in groundwater were ... Mean concentrations of toxic metals in groundwater decreased in the order of Cr , Zn , Cu , Cd , Ni , Pb , Hg , As. ... However, if there was no curtain prevention, groundwater leakage would have adverse impact on water quality of Xiangjiang River ... The results indicated that when groundwater in the brownfield leaked with valid curtain prevention, the water quality in ...
While hundreds of local agencies across California draft their plans to ensure the sustainability of groundwater basins, water ... Californians rely on groundwater for about 40 percent of their water supply in average years and much more in dry years. ... There are 515 groundwater basins in California, 127 of which are over-drafted, which means the amount of water pumped out ... "Groundwater sustainability agencies need to make tough choices now to be able to get their communities through the very hard ...
Nitrate in groundwater in Europe This website has limited functionality with javascript off. Please make sure javascript is ... groundwater bodies and transitional, coastal and marine waters, on the quantity of Europes water resources, and on the ... For references, please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/daviz/groundwater-nitrate-3 or scan the QR code. ...
Ground Water and Drinking Water. *Ground Water and Drinking Water Home. *Basic Information ... If the information you are looking for is not here, you may be able to find it on the EPA Web Archive or the January 19, 2017 ...
Ground Water and Drinking Water. *Ground Water and Drinking Water Home. *Basic Information ... If the information you are looking for is not here, you may be able to find it on the EPA Web Archive or the January 19, 2017 ...
... soil and groundwater) news on Environmental XPRT, the worlds largest environmental industry marketplace and information ... The article was published in National Ground Water Associations flagship technical journal, Groundwater®. While there are ... at the upcoming Groundwater Solutions: Innovating to Address Emerging Issues for Groundwater Resources conference, August 8-9 ... Simple solutions for assessing unconventional gas sites focus of paper in Groundwater A recently published scientific paper ...
Further, there is no controlling, federal appellate authority holding that the ,i,Winters,/i, doctrine applies to groundwater. ... Further, there is no controlling, federal appellate authority holding that the Winters doctrine applies to groundwater. ...
Three studies from UTAs CLEAR Lab detect harmful pathogenic bacteria in Texas groundwater near natural gas extraction sites. ... "Our latest published research has revealed that harmful bacteria can be quite prevalent in Texas groundwater, especially waters ... that could be exploited for the bioremediation of groundwaters that are contaminated with chemical solvents. The two bacteria ... focused on characterizing microbial communities in the groundwater overlying the Barnett Shale and Eagle Ford Shale formations. ...
How important is groundwater? Groundwater, which is in aquifers below the surface of the Earth, is one of the Nations most ... What is groundwater? Groundwater is water that exists underground in saturated zones beneath the land surface. The upper ... Sustainability of ground-water resources. The pumpage of fresh ground water in the United States in 1995 was estimated to be ... How Well Do You Know Groundwater Groundwater, which flows out of sight through aquifers beneath our feet, is one of the ...
Analytical Groundwater Mechanics Strack, Otto D. L. Published: August 2017Published: August 2017 ... Published: February 2017Published: October 2016. Volume 3 £74.99. $100.00 USD. Select book type. Hardback. eBook. Add to cart ... Published: January 2017Published: January 2017 £60.00. $64.00 USD. Select book type. Paperback. eBook. Add to cart Order ... Published: April 2017Published: April 2017Published: May 2017 £85.00. £42.99. $44.00 USD. Select book type. Hardback. Paperback ...
The river water and groundwater from Lagbe town in Benin Republic were collected and analyzed for physical, chemical and ... "Physico-Chemical and Bacterial Characteristics of Groundwater and Surface Water Quality in the Lagbe Town: Treatment Essays ... Evaluation of Groundwater Quality using Multivariate Statistical Techniques and GIS-A Case Study ... Hydrochemical characterization of shallow and deep groundwater in Basement Complex areas of southern Kebbi State, Sokoto Basin ...
Please join us for an Environmental Forum with Anita Milman, Landreth Visiting Fellow at Stanfords Program on Water in the West and Associate Professor at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Anita Milman is the current Landreth Visiting Fellow at Water in the West.
  • The locations of the proposed groundwater wells will be selected by reviewing geologic, hydrologic, and water-quality information from the existing observation network. (usgs.gov)
  • Now, researchers have found traces of modern-era rainwater in wells that bring "fossil" groundwater to the surface -- pointing to a contamination risk. (yahoo.com)
  • Groundwater is pumped to the surface with wells for drinking and irrigation, and supplies about a third of human water needs. (yahoo.com)
  • Against expectations, however, the team found that about half of "fossil" groundwater wells they studied contained detectable levels of tritium, indicating the presence of younger water. (yahoo.com)
  • Groundwater in about 15% of the sampling wells were found to be unsuitable for domestic purpose based on TDS and about 17% were unsuitable based on uranium concentration. (springer.com)
  • Geochemical, stable isotopic and hydraulic data further revealed hydraulic connection between two wells juxtaposed across Ntcheu Fault, indicating potential for groundwater flow across the fault and highlighting that the fault may be acting as a groundwater conduit across it. (springer.com)
  • The USGS monitors wells to evaluate the effect of groundwater depletion and recharge, and provides vital information to those who depend on groundwater resources. (usgs.gov)
  • Using monitoring wells installed next to gas well pads and above gas well laterals, previously undocumented responses to drilling and a gas well casing breach were observed, although groundwater impacts arising from the process of hydraulic fracturing were not detected. (pnas.org)
  • Twenty-four isolated intervals within these wells were sampled monthly over 2 years and groundwater pressures were recorded before, during, and after seven shale gas wells were drilled, hydraulically fractured, and placed into production. (pnas.org)
  • Perturbations in groundwater pressures were detected at hilltop monitoring wells during drilling of nearby gas wells and during a gas well casing breach. (pnas.org)
  • As of the end of 2017, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (PADEP) had issued 302 letters to homeowners documenting incidences of presumed groundwater contamination from oil and gas development ( 2 ), and in that time 10,908 unconventional wells were drilled in Pennsylvania ( 3 ). (pnas.org)
  • 2002) with new information including treatment-system totalizer data, recent water-level and chemistry data, and data collected from new wells to discern trends in contaminant migration and groundwater flow that may be useful for ongoing remediation efforts. (unt.edu)
  • To track groundwater pollution at Stinson Beach, the research team obtained a permit from the National Park Service to install a network of 120 monitoring wells near a large septic system close to a beach parking lot that collects wastewater from nearby homes and public toilets. (bio-medicine.org)
  • This network of wells allowed researchers to collect groundwater samples and assess the degree of contamination flowing from the septic system, through the beach and out to sea. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Following the discovery of perchlorate in portions of the Rialto-Colton groundwater basin in 1997, WVWD and the city of Rialto shut down wells in the impacted area. (sbsun.com)
  • However, the highest estimated tritium concentrations in precipitation for the study site were much lower than the WHO limits for drinking water, and the concentrations decreased to almost background level at the wells by mixing with groundwater. (nih.gov)
  • Groundwater tritium concentrations at the wells showing large spatial variations in the study area. (nih.gov)
  • Groundwater supplies water to wells and springs and is an important source of water for public water systems and private wells in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • An estimated 43 million Americans get their water from private groundwater wells, which are not subject to EPA regulations. (cdc.gov)
  • Private groundwater wells can provide safe, clean water. (cdc.gov)
  • Sampling occurred at groundwater wells installed during previous sampling programs used to monitor movement of contaminants released from Waste Management Area C. Groundwater, soil gas, and plant samples were collected to observe vertical profiles of stable and radioactive carbon at 22 sampling locations between the release point and Duke Swamp. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Potentially explosive methane gas leaking from energy wells may travel extensively through groundwater and pose a safety risk, according to a new study by University of Guelph researchers. (phys.org)
  • Researchers at the U of G-based G360 Institute for Groundwater Research found the gas is highly mobile in groundwater, travelling far beyond the shale wells where it is drilled and changing the water chemistry . (phys.org)
  • This is adduced to deterioration of groundwater quality mostly from shallow boreholes and dug wells. (springer.com)
  • USGS maintains a network of active wells to provide basic statistics about groundwater levels. (usgs.gov)
  • The fact the groundwater we drink has to run through our yards, fields and roadways before reaching our wells ought to make us very careful about how we treat the landscape. (caryinstitute.org)
  • Here in the Northeast, our groundwater is commonly contaminated by excessive salt (from road salt), gasoline from leaky storage tanks, nitrate (from sewage and fertilizers), or industrial chemicals such as the tetrachloroethene that has contaminated wells in southern Dutchess. (caryinstitute.org)
  • Once contaminated, groundwater is difficult to clean up, and it's usually expensive and awkward to find alternative sources of water to replace contaminated wells. (caryinstitute.org)
  • If we pump too much groundwater from our wells, the water table will drop, and springs and small streams will dry up and disappear. (caryinstitute.org)
  • Groundwater arsenic data were compiled from 10,489 wells sampled between 1992 and 2017. (utexas.edu)
  • Groundwater levels at indicator wells, end of February 2017 (from Hydrological Summary for the UK: February 2017). (theguardian.com)
  • Seawater intrusion and deep salt water upconing result in general high SO42- concentrations in groundwater near the shoreline, where localized SO42- anomalies are also due to the dissolution of sebkha deposits for few wells in the nearby sebkhas. (ugent.be)
  • A GSA is a locally controlled organization in the State's high- and medium-priority groundwater basins and they are responsible for preparing a groundwater sustainability plan (GSP), implementing SGMA on a basin-wide scale, and coordinating with neighbors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yet the law requires them to incorporate climate change into their plans, which is extremely difficult to do on the scale of a groundwater basin, even with more funding and expertise. (ucsusa.org)
  • Supervisors Arnold, John Peschong (1st District, which falls over part of the Paso basin), and Lynn Compton (4th District, which falls over part of the Santa Maria basin) voted to establish the county as the groundwater management agency for all the areas of any basin not already covered by a GSA-at no extra cost to those landowners. (newtimesslo.com)
  • Contamination of vast sections of the groundwater basin from Alhambra to City of Industry was first detected in 1979 and listed as a Superfund site in 1984. (sgvtribune.com)
  • The California Sustainable Groundwater Management Act's intent is to ensure all beneficial uses supported by the groundwater basin be protected from over pumping. (wwdmag.com)
  • Using this as a case study, the AGU monograph Groundwater Vulnerability: Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster is devoted to the problem of groundwater vulnerability, where the results of long-term field and modeling investigations of radionuclide transport in soil and groundwater, within the Ukrainian part of the Dnieper River basin (Kyiv region of Ukraine), are discussed. (ellibs.com)
  • The use of VLF-EM in sedimentary basins has not been fully understood and has not attracted substantial usage in groundwater exploration, specifically in coastal Niger Delta. (springer.com)
  • The study has validated the effectiveness of VLF technique usage in sedimentary basins for the delineation of groundwater quality, but not without important hydrogeochemical data. (springer.com)
  • Many groundwater basins in California remain significantly overdrawn. (edf.org)
  • Spatial analysis shows that the magnitude of groundwater source contribution increases with aridity. (criticalzone.org)
  • Boosted regression tree (BRT) models revealed intricate interactions among geomorphological landform features (stream slope, elevation, network length, contributing area, and channel confinement) and seasonal precipitation patterns (winter, spring, and summer months) that together were robust predictors of spatial and temporal variation in groundwater influence on stream temperatures. (usgs.gov)
  • The country exporting the most crops produced using irreplaceable groundwater is Pakistan, with 29% of global non-renewable sources embedded in trade - closely followed by the US (27%), with India (12%) in third place. (blogspot.com)
  • The method based on oxidation-coagulation-adsorption at optimized pH (OCOP) using NaHCO 3 , KMnO 4 and FeCl 3 as pH conditioner, oxidant and coagulant, respectively, is an efficient and low-cost method for removal of arsenic from groundwater that has been gaining popularity in India. (iwaponline.com)
  • The objective of the study is to bring out an integrated approach for assessment of groundwater quality for drinking and irrigation purposes. (springer.com)
  • Annapoorna H, Janardhana MR (2015) Assessment of groundwater quality for drinking purpose in rural areas surrounding a defunct copper mine. (springer.com)
  • The authors provide a comprehensive review of existing literature on the assessment of groundwater vulnerability and then describe an improved methodology, which is developed based on integration of the methods of hydrogeological zonation and modeling of anomalously fast migration of radioactive contaminants from the land surface toward groundwater. (ellibs.com)
  • Many professionals believe that sharing knowledge and experience on groundwater matters on a worldwide scale and across disciplines is an effective strategy to identify and promote optimal approaches to the assessment, development and management of groundwater resources. (elsevier.com)
  • Large-scale sewering practices have also reduced groundwater levels and discharge to surface-receiving waters. (usgs.gov)
  • For the latest study, presented at a European Geosciences Union meeting in Vienna, a research team set out to determine how old Earth's groundwater really is. (yahoo.com)
  • New groundwater has more tritium, a short-lived isotope of hydrogen, as it was more recently exposed to Earth's atmosphere and surface, tainted by nuclear tests since about the 1950s. (yahoo.com)
  • The study began as a collaboration between Reeves' faculty advisers, Rosemary Knight, a geophysicist who studies groundwater systems, and Howard Zebker, a geophysicist and electrical engineer who uses satellite-based remote sensing techniques to study the Earth's surface. (innovations-report.com)
  • Scientists have found specialized bacteria as deep as three miles below the Earth's surface, living happily at 140 degrees Fahrenheit without any oxygen, and we don't yet know how deep the groundwater ecosystem extends. (caryinstitute.org)
  • A third study, "MALDI-TOF MS for the identification of cultivable organic-degrading bacteria in contaminated groundwater near unconventional natural gas extraction sites," published in the journal Microorganisms , identified two unique species of bacteria, Pseudomonas stutzeri and Acinetobacter haemolyticus, that could be exploited for the bioremediation of groundwaters that are contaminated with chemical solvents. (uta.edu)
  • Ayotte JD, Gronberg JM, Apodaca LE (2011) Trace elements and radon in groundwater across the United States, 1992-2003. (springer.com)
  • Our study provides a framework to estimate effects of groundwater seepage on stream temperature in unsampled locations. (usgs.gov)
  • In the short term, the effects of groundwater pumping seems to be minimal on the temple structures (+/- 3mm) but there are implications in the long term. (southeastasianarchaeology.com)
  • Documenting the origins, residence times, and movement of groundwater and the solutes that it contains is critical to understanding hydrogeological systems. (edu.au)
  • To quantify prevalence of groundwater influence, we compute prevalence point estimates and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using a random-effects model with the source paper as the unit of analysis (see Methods). (nature.com)
  • PATNA: A team of the Centre for Biological Sciences (CBS) at Central University of South Bihar (CUSB) has found two strains of bacteria that reduce the arsenic concentration in groundwater. (indiatimes.com)
  • Two of the studies, published in Science of the Total Environment , focused on characterizing microbial communities in the groundwater overlying the Barnett Shale and Eagle Ford Shale formations. (uta.edu)
  • The metagenomic study of a "stressed" microbial community in groundwater near a former waste disposal pond site on DOE's Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) revealed microbes with an overabundance of genes involved in DNA recombination and repair and other defense mechanisms for dealing with contaminants and other environmental stresses. (innovations-report.com)
  • In this study, we examined the microbial diversity in a monitoring well completed in perched‐intermediate groundwater contaminated by RDX, and examined the response of the microbial population to biostimulation under varying geochemical conditions. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Now, in the first study of its kind, Stanford University researchers have tracked a plume of polluted groundwater from a septic system to one of Northern California's top recreational beaches. (bio-medicine.org)
  • R. Paulsen, C. Smith, and D. O'Rourke, Peconic estuary: a preliminary analysis of the relationship between submarine groundwater discharge (sdg) and submerged aquatic vegetation in the peconic estuary , U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., Wash, USA, 2004. (hindawi.com)
  • In previous experiments at Stinson Beach, Boehm and her colleagues recorded a spike in phytoplankton following a period of nitrogen-rich groundwater discharge. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Five other projects were initiated under SERDP to develop technologies for treatment of mixed contaminant groundwater plumes, specifically per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) comingled with chlorinated solvents. (serdp-estcp.org)
  • The state and national averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015-2017. (ewg.org)
  • Groundwater in karst areas with 15,000 km² extension (18% of national territory) and groundwater in porous media with 10,000 km² (12% of national territory) form the most important groundwater resources of Austria. (europa.eu)
  • This observance highlights how important groundwater is to people's health and the environment. (cdc.gov)