Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
Health insurance to provide full or partial coverage for long-term home care services or for long-term nursing care provided in a residential facility such as a nursing home.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.
Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Persons who have experienced a prolonged survival after serious disease or who continue to live with a usually life-threatening condition as well as family members, significant others, or individuals surviving traumatic life events.
Cooperation among hospitals for the purpose of sharing various departmental services, e.g., pharmacy, laundry, data processing, etc.
NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).
Individuals who have the formal authority to manage a hospital, including its programs and services, in accordance with the goals and objectives established by a governing body (GOVERNING BOARD).
A strain of Rattus norvegicus which is a model for spontaneous insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, INSULIN-DEPENDENT).
Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as "ox hunger".
A game in which a round inflated ball is advanced by kicking or propelling with any part of the body except the hands or arms. The object of the game is to place the ball in opposite goals.
A competitive team sport played on a rectangular field. This is the American or Canadian version of the game and also includes the form known as rugby. It does not include non-North American football (= SOCCER).
A game in which two parties of players provided with curved or hooked sticks seek to drive a ball or puck through opposite goals. This applies to either ice hockey or field hockey.
Insurance providing coverage for physical injury suffered as a result of unavoidable circumstances.
Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Drugs considered essential to meet the health needs of a population as well as to control drug costs.
The branch of pharmacology that deals directly with the effectiveness and safety of drugs in humans.
Drugs manufactured and sold with the intent to misrepresent its origin, authenticity, chemical composition, and or efficacy. Counterfeit drugs may contain inappropriate quantities of ingredients not listed on the label or package. In order to further deceive the consumer, the packaging, container, or labeling, may be inaccurate, incorrect, or fake.
Annual statements reviewing the status of the administrative and operational functions and accomplishments of an institution or organization.
An optical disk storage system for computers on which data can be read or from which data can be retrieved but not entered or modified. A CD-ROM unit is almost identical to the compact disk playback device for home use.
Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The transfer of a neoplasm from one organ or part of the body to another remote from the primary site.
The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially in the drug therapy of neoplasms. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
In humans, one of the paired regions in the anterior portion of the THORAX. The breasts consist of the MAMMARY GLANDS, the SKIN, the MUSCLES, the ADIPOSE TISSUE, and the CONNECTIVE TISSUES.
Risk. (1999). Capitol Punishment:. The Megadeth Years. (2000). The World Needs a Hero. (2001). ...
For the high volatile content biomass, the mill temperature has to be kept at a low temperature to reduce the risk of fire and ... While other types of carbon sinks such as the ocean, trees and soil may involve the risk of adverse feedback loops at increased ... "Managing Climate Risk". Science. 294 (5543): 786-7. doi:10.1126/science.294.5543.786b. PMID 11681318.. ... "Managing Climate Risk". Science. 294 (5543): 786-7. doi:10.1126/science.294.5543.786b. PMID 11681318.. .mw-parser-output cite. ...
2 in seawater, the risk of leakage is minimal. Injecting the CO. 2 at depths greater than 2,700 meters (8,900 ft) ensures that ... "Managing climate risk". Science. 294 (5543): 786-87. doi:10.1126/science.294.5543.786b. PMID 11681318. S2CID 34722068.. ...
Acceptable Risk (2001). *Foreign Body (2008) spawned a 2008 prequel, produced as an eponymous web series by the production ... we all realize we are at risk. We're all going to be patients sometime," he says. "You can write about great white sharks or ...
Safety and security: Formal planning and risk management to mitigate safety risks for users and securely protecting users from ... Risk analysis can be used to choose between adaptive (agile or value-driven) and predictive (plan-driven) methods.[36] Barry ... Moran, A. (2014). Agile Risk Management. Springer Verlag. ISBN 978-3319050072. .. *^ Beck, Kent (1999). "Embracing Change with ... This minimizes overall risk and allows the product to adapt to changes quickly.[23] An iteration might not add enough ...
... elevated crash risk estimates. Likewise better controlled studies have found lower (or no) elevated crash risk estimates".[59] ... Researchers suggest that moldy cannabis should thus be discarded to avoid these serious risks.[citation needed] ... A 2012 meta-analysis found that acute cannabis use increased the risk of an automobile crash.[64] An extensive 2013 review of ... Elvik, R (Nov 2013). "Risk of road accident associated with the use of drugs: a systematic review and meta-analysis of evidence ...
"As traffic increases, attitudes toward risk and road user behavior both change in a way that maintains the levels of risk that ... John Adams (1995). Risk. London: UCL Press. John Adams (1987). "Smeed's Law: some further thoughts" (PDF). Traffic Engineering ... a collective psychology is formed where people are more aware of the risk of motor vehicle related deaths and are inherently ... J. R. M. Ameen and J. A. Naji (2001). "Causal models for road accident fatalities in Yemen". Accident Analysis and Prevention. ...
Extinction risk from climate change. Nature. 427: 145-149. 2004.. *^ Root et al. Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals ... 2004) went on to assess the extinction risk due to these shifts over a broad range of global habitats. Their predictive model ... Guanacos and rheas have been classified as a low risk for global extinction, but this simplistic view of their demography ... 2001.. *^ a b McConkey, K. R., & Drake, D. R. Flying foxes cease to function as seed dispersers long before they become rare. ...
... to invest in cohorts of the highest risk racial minority youth in the highest risk high schools in the highest risk inner city ... Adolescents at Risk. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990; Giroux, Wendy. "Tukwila's After-School Program Closes Gap", South ... "Making a Quantum Leap; At-Risk Students Soar in NorthStar Program," South Coast Today, New Bedford, MA, April 10, 2012; Briseno ... Also addressed is whether a policy should invest simultaneously in both individual high-risk youth and the neighborhoods where ...
For example, the discounted stock price is a martingale under the risk-neutral measure: S ( t ) D ( t ) = E Q ∗ [ D ( T ) S ( T ... In finance, a T-forward measure is a pricing measure absolutely continuous with respect to a risk-neutral measure but rather ... is the risk neutral measure, then the forward measure Q T {\displaystyle Q_{T}} is defined via the Radon-Nikodym derivative ... Note that this implies that the forward measure and the risk neutral measure coincide when interest rates are deterministic. ...
Medium-term forecasting, from a few days to a few months ahead, is generally preferred for balance sheet calculations, risk ... Risk Books. ISBN 9781906348793. Joskow, Paul L. (2001). "California's Electricity Crisis". Oxford Review of Economic Policy. 17 ... and Risk Management. Wiley. doi:10.1002/047122412x. ISBN 978-0471443377. Weron, Rafał (2014). [Open Access]. "Electricity price ... has forced market participants to hedge not only against volume risk but also against price movements. A generator, utility ...
Stagno, Mike (September 19, 2006). "Megadeth: Risk". Sputnikmusic. Retrieved December 11, 2013. Huey, Steve. "Risk - Megadeth ... Risk, released in August 1999, was a critical and commercial failure and led to backlash from many longtime fans. Although its ... Mustaine later said: "I told [Marty] after Risk that we had to go back to our roots and play metal, and he quit." In January ... It took a little bit of time to do that." Despite this, Risk was certified gold in the United States. The album's lead single ...
ISBN 0-930410-78-5. Thompson, Simon (2010). Unjustifiable Risk?: The Story of British Climbing (1st ed.). Cicerone Press. p. ... Cave, Andy (October 2001). Language variety and communicative style as local and subcultural identity in a South Yorkshire ... Fowler, Mick (2001). "Mount Kennedy - North Buttress". The Alpine Journal. London: The Alpine Club: 3-11. Cave, Andy (2008). ... 2001). His academic work included research into the dialect of Yorkshire pit villages. Cave is an UIAGM (IFMGA) International ...
Paloma's culture was risk-averse, and Sussman sought to insulate the funds from market volatility. Sussman pioneered the ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Paloma's Sussman forecasts growth for hedge fund industry". Risk.net. Retrieved 2013- ... approach of minimizing risk by "dividing assets among independent investment professionals and demanding absolute transparency ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Lois Peltz (2001). The New Investment Superstars: 13 Great Investors and Their ...
Risk Publications. ISBN 978-1899332885. Phil Goddard (N.D.). Option Pricing - Finite Difference Methods Wilmott, P.; Howison, S ... doi:10.1016/0304-405X(77)90037-X. Boyle, Phelim; Feidhlim Boyle (2001). Derivatives: The Tools That Changed Finance. ...
Risk, Environment and Modernity: Towards a New Ecology, 1996. Thomas H. Davenport, et al., Working knowledge . 1998, knowledge. ... without the risk of upheaval and unrest. In contemporary society, doctors and scientists, for example, are considered to be ... Risk Analysis. 21 (1): 189-198. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.321.4451. doi:10.1111/0272-4332.211101. PMID 11332547. Archived from the ... Mieg, Harald A. (2001). The social psychology of expertise. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Nathan, M.J.; Petrosino, A ...
NeoVision developed a risk management application for Citibank global capital markets group in 1999". Risk Magazine. 14: 573. ... Citibank was a key initial client, for which Kinney designed a risk management application for the global capital markets ... Yoe, Charles (2019-01-30). Principles of Risk Analysis. ISBN 9780429664892. Silhavy R, Senkerik R, Oplatkova ZK, Silhavy P, ... Tascarella, Patty (1994-11-14). "Software Charting Allows Real Time Risk Management". Pittsburgh Business Times. Carniol, Amy ( ...
Lu, Frank C.; Sam Kacew (2002). Lu's Basic Toxicology: Fundamentals, Target Organs and Risk Assessment. Taylor & Francis. p. ... "Risk assessment". In Klaassen, Curtis D. (ed.). Casarett & Doull's Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons (6th ed.). New York ... daily over a lifetime without an appreciable health risk. ADIs are expressed usually in milligrams (of the substance) per ... ISBN 0-415-24855-8. Faustman, Elaine M.; Omenn, Gilbert S. (2001). " ...
92-4. ISBN 978-0-07-134721-1. "Consultation on assessment of the health risk of dioxins; re-evaluation of the tolerable daily ... "Risk assessment". In Klaassen, Curtis D. (ed.). Casarett & Doull's Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons (6th ed.). New York ... appears to be without appreciable risk. For contaminants and other foreign chemicals not used intentionally, the term TDI is ...
Risk, James; Pownall, Henry; Stanley, David; Tamplin, John; Martin, Stanley (2001). Royal Service. 2. Lingfield: Third ...
Risk Frontiers. p. 33. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 26, 2014. Retrieved December 31, 2012. Fiji Meteorological ... Service (August 15, 2001). List of floods occurring in the Fiji Islands between 1840 - 2000 (PDF) (Information Sheet No. 125). ...
ISBN 0-330-48230-0. Clark, Mark (2007) [1950]. Calculated Risk. Enigma Books. ISBN 978-1-929631-59-9. Doherty, Richard (2014). ... Carver, Field Marshal Lord (2001). The Imperial War Museum Book of the War in Italy 1943-1945. London: Sidgwick & Jackson. ...
An example would be to apply higher discount rate to the future cash flows to account for the credit risk above the stated ... Also new in FAS 157 is the idea of nonperformance risk. FAS 157 requires that in valuing a liability, an entity should consider ... If FAS 157 simply required that fair value be recorded as an exit price, then nonperformance risk would be extinguished upon ... Clarification that changes in credit risk (both that of the counterparty and the company's own credit rating) must be included ...
At Risk has received positive reviews with The Telegraph saying, "At Risk is breezily told, seldom pompous, and the plot, ... In July 2004, her first novel, At Risk, about a female intelligence officer, Liz Carlyle, was published. Her other novels are ... Rimington's first novel, At Risk, brings her knowledge of spy operations to the thriller genre. Her heroine, 34-year-old Liz ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Spy chief: We risk a police state Booker prize 2011: Stella Rimington's broadside ...
ISBN 0-330-48230-0. Clark, Mark (2007) [1950]. Calculated Risk. New York: Enigma Books. ISBN 978-1-929631-59-9. Corrigan, ... ISBN 978-0-306-81256-9. Carver, Field Marshal Lord (2001). The Imperial War Museum Book of the War in Italy 1943-1945. London: ... CMH Pub 72-34 ISBN 9781249453659 (of BiblioBazaar, 2012 Reprint). O'Reilly, Charles T. (2001). Forgotten Battles: Italy's War ... 2001) The 92nd Infantry Division and the Italian Campaign in World War II McFarland & Co. Inc. Publishers ISBN 0786410094 ...
Risk magazine. Archived from the original on 2006-10-06. Retrieved 2006-09-18. Sweeney, John (April 2001). "Interview: Victor B ... Taleb, Nassim Nicolas (2001). Fooled by Randomness: The Hidden Role of Chance in Life and in the Markets. New York: Random ... In a five-year period beginning in 2001, Niederhoffer's fund returned 50% a year (compounded). His worst year in this period ...
Thompson, Simon (2010). Unjustifiable Risk?: The Story of British Climbing. Cicerone. p. 173. Kennedy, Maev (27 May 2015). " ... and I think that Mallory was a very good climber and part of being a good climber is knowing when you're at too much of a risk ... In 2001, another Chinese climber, Xu Jing, claimed to have seen the body of Andrew Irvine in 1960-reported in Hemmleb and ... Messner, Reinhold (2001). The Second Death of George Mallory. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 106. "Alumni & Development, ...
Petrunov, Georgi (2009). Sex trafficking and money laundering: the case of Bulgaria (PDF). Risk Monitor. p. 16. "Life In ... Aliya (28 August 2007). "Prostitution in Kazakhstan: abuse and risk". SWAN. Retrieved 20 November 2017. "Sex Work Law - ... more risk". La Depeche. Dearden, Lizzie (23 September 2016). "Germany makes having sex with prostitutes without condom illegal ... some work from other streets near the legalised area and risk being arrested. Prostitution itself is legal in Monaco, but ...
The consumption of saturated fat is generally considered a risk factor for dyslipidemia, which in turn is a risk factor for ... "The Preventable Causes of Death in the United States: Comparative Risk Assessment of Dietary, Lifestyle, and Metabolic Risk ... "Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors". Retrieved 2012-05-03.. *^ "Lower your cholesterol". National Health Service. Retrieved ... "Effect of the amount and type of dietary fat on cardiometabolic risk factors and risk of developing type 2 diabetes, ...
The main causative agent of OSA is the [midface hypoplasia], which also poses a risk to the eyes that can be seen bulging out ... The reason why most surgeons will not intervene until after the age of six months is the greater risk that blood loss poses ... If possible it is preferred to wait until after three months of age when the anaesthetic risks are decreased. Surgery is not ... The main risks of prolonged elevated intracranial pressure may include cognitive impairment and impaired vision through ...
Most surgeons will not intervene until after the age of six months due to the heightened risk which blood loss poses before ... The main risks of prolonged elevated intracranial pressure may include cognitive impairment and impaired vision through ... Medical history should in any case include questions about risk factors during pregnancy, the familial rate and the presence of ... Several research groups have found evidence that these environmental factors are responsible for an increase in the risk of ...
... which reduces the risk of an earthquake.[14] The one significant earthquake that has been reported in the area was the result ... July 2001. Archived from the original on February 9, 2002. Retrieved August 29, 2007.. ...
... increases the risk of developing diabetes by 1.5 times and is the greatest risk of the common genetic variants.[13] Most of the ... while medication does not reduce risk after withdrawal.[80] While low vitamin D levels are associated with an increased risk of ... with saturated fats and trans fatty acids increasing the risk, and polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fat decreasing the risk. ... results in a slight decrease in stroke risk but no effect on overall risk of death.[84] ...
7 Risks and problems *7.1 Negative outcomes *7.1.1 Adequacy of regulation and CAM safety ... Even low-risk medications such as antibiotics can have potential to cause life-threatening anaphylactic reactions in a very few ... Risks and problems. Negative outcomes. See also: List of herbs with known adverse effects ... Edzard Ernst has said that most researchers into alternative medicine are at risk of "unidirectional bias" because of a ...
Entropic value at risk. References[edit]. *^ Chernoff, Herman (2014). "A career in statistics" (PDF). In Lin, Xihong; Genest, ... Goldberg, A. V.; Hartline, J. D. (2001). "Competitive Auctions for Multiple Digital Goods". Algorithms - ESA 2001. Lecture ...
Khmer troops deserted the French Army in large numbers and the French government relented, rather than risk a costly, ... Heuveline, Patrick (2001). "The Demographic Analysis of Mortality Crises: The Case of Cambodia, 1970-1979". Forced Migration ... Heuveline, Patrick (2001). "The Demographic Analysis of Mortality Crises: The Case of Cambodia, 1970-1979". Forced Migration ... According to a 2001 academic source, the most widely accepted estimates of excess deaths under the Khmer Rouge range from 1.5 ...
"Ovarian Cancer Risk and Polymorphisms Involved in Estrogen Catabolism". Program in Epidemiology, Division of Public Health ... "UGT1A1 Genetic Polymorphisms, Endogenous Estrogen Exposure, Soy Food Intake, and Endometrial Cancer Risk". Vanderbilt ... Fang H, Tong W, Shi L, Blair R, Perkins R, Branham W, Hass B, Xie Q, Dial S, Moland C, Sheehan D (2001). "Structure-activity ...
The department is designed as a regional perinatal center for high risk pregnancies. The 56-bed Neonatal Intensive Care Unit ... 2001 - accessed July 11, 2009 Smallest Baby to Survive in New Jersey--Second Smallest in the Nation--Arrives Home in Time for ... 2001 - accessed July 11, 2009 Daniel A. Potter, Jennifer S. Hanin, Pamela (FRW) Madsen, What to do when you can't get pregnant ...
... risk factors, susceptibility patterns and antimicrobial management". The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 14 (9): 751-9. ... Nilsson, P; Laurell, MH (2001). "Carriage of penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae by children in day-care centers ... Pikis, Andreas; Campos, Joseph M.; Rodriguez, William J.; Keith, Jerry M. (2001). "Optochin Resistance in Streptococcus ...
Should the headline mention that the giant "iceberg" poses a serious risk to oil platforms in its drift path ? (from CBC ... I know that Michael Schumacher overtook Alain Prost's 51 GP wins in 2001, but I don't think we would go and put milestones up ...
... grammar has established that the exclamation and question marks will appear only at the end of the sentence if there is no risk ... Gómez Sánchez (2001:93-166). *^ Minahan, James (2000). One Europe, many nations: a historical dictionary of European national ... Queixas Zas, Mercedes (2001). Historia xeral da literatura galega. Vigo: A nosa terra. pp. 24-61. ISBN 84-95350-79-3.. ... Queixas Zas, Mercedes (2001). Historia xeral da literatura galega. Vigo: A nosa terra. p. 14. ISBN 84-95350-79-3.. ...
Anand, Paul (1993). Foundations of Rational Choice Under Risk. Oxford University Press, USA. ISBN 0198233035.. ... Ellsberg, Daniel (1961), "Risk, Ambiguity, and the Savage Axioms", Quarterly Journal of Economics, 75 (4): 643-669. ... Abel, Andrew B.; Bernanke, Ben S. (2001), Macroeconomics (4th ed.), Addison Wesley, p. 523, ISBN 0-201-4413-0 Check ,isbn=. ...
... where the risk to the patient from lack of knowledge about disease progress is much greater than the risk from the test ... FDG-PET imaging of atherosclerosis to detect patients at risk of stroke is also feasible and can help test the efficacy of ... Since the tracers are radioactive, the elderly and pregnant are unable to use it due to risks posed by radiation. ... PET scans after cancer treatment due to the fact that these scans are often unnecessary and present potentially more risks than ...
De Swert LF (1999). "Risk factors for allergy". Eur. J. Pediatr. 158 (2): 89-94. doi:10.1007/s004310051024. PMID 10048601. ... Moreover, there is increasing evidence that, despite a range of genetic risks for addiction across the population, exposure to ... This process may increase the risk for relapse in addicts attempting to quit.[12] ... with younger children at the greatest risk of developing allergic sensitization.[15] There are a variety of tests to diagnose ...
Optical masking of chlorophyll by anthocyanins reduces risk of photo-oxidative damage to leaf cells as they senesce, which ... Feild, T. S.; Lee, D. W.; Holbrook, N. M. (1 October 2001). "Why Leaves Turn Red in Autumn. The Role of Anthocyanins in ... Roth-Nebelsick, A; Uhl, Dieter; Mosbrugger, Volker; Kerp, Hans (May 2001). "Evolution and Function of Leaf Venation ...
EVD has a risk of death in those infected of between 25% and 90%.[1][139] As of September 2014[update], the average risk of ... Health-care workers treating people with Ebola are at greatest risk of infection.[59] The risk increases when they do not have ... The CDC recommends monitoring for the symptoms of Ebola disease for those both at "low risk" and at higher risk.[123] ... Transmission risk reduction of filoviruses in home-care settings" (PDF). World Health Organization (WHO). Archived (PDF) from ...
... reoperation has lower success rate and increases the risk of pituitary insufficiency.[14] ... 2001). "Incidence and late prognosis of Cushing's syndrome: A population-based study". Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and ...
Heine, S. J.; Lehman, D. R.; Ide, E.; Leung, C.; Kitayama, S.; Takata, T.; Matsumoto, H. (October 2001). "Divergent ... 2001) indicated that Japanese people tended to underestimate their abilities, and tended to see underachievement (failure) as ...
The states pay a monthly capitated rate per member to the MCOs that provide comprehensive care and accept the risk of managing ... 2001. Ecom.ncsl.org[dead link] *^ Edelstein B. Barriers to Medicaid Dental Care. Washington, DC: Children's Dental Health ... Some people are eligible for both Medicaid and Medicare and are known as Medicare dual eligible or medi-medi's.[47][48] In 2001 ... According to CMS, the Medicaid program provided health care services to more than 46.0 million people in 2001.[39][5] In 2002, ...
Niels C., Rattenborg (1999). "Half-awake to the risk of predation". Nature. 397 (6718): 397-398. Bibcode:1999Natur.397..397R. ... 978-0-8166-2001-2. .. *^ a b c Baldassarre, Guy A. (2014). Ducks, Geese, and Swans of North America. Johns Hopkins University ... mallards are so successful at coexisting in human regions that the main conservation risk they pose comes from the loss of ... Guthrie, Russell Dale (2001). People and Wildlife in Northern North America: Essays in Honor of R. Dale Guthrie. Archaeopress. ...
... which allowed them a more nutritious diet and a decreased risk of famine.[21][23][67] Many of the famines experienced by ...
When replication forks form, the strand not being copied is single stranded, and thus at risk for A → G deamination. Therefore ... McFadden GI (January 2001). "Chloroplast origin and integration". Plant Physiology. 125 (1): 50-3. doi:10.1104/pp.125.1.50. PMC ... Jarvis P, Soll J (December 2001). "Toc, Tic, and chloroplast protein import". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. 1541 (1-2): 64-79 ...
Pregnancy category refers to an evaluation of a substance's risk of injury to a fetus if used by the mother during pregnancy.[ ... Risk factors for the development of acne, other than genetics, have not been conclusively identified. Possible secondary ... the high risk of birth defects with 5α-reductase inhibitors limits their use in women.[1][138] However, 5α-reductase inhibitors ... flutamide has a risk of serious liver toxicity, and cases of death in women taking even low doses of the medication to treat ...
"Unisex toilets put girls at risk of sexual harassment, claims women's rights group". The Independent. February 18, 2019. ... where safety was considered not to be at risk, or where women were not valued by society.[1]:260-261 ... is not recommended in contexts where it may increase the risk of violence against women or transgender people, or where it is ... have asserted the right to continue using all-female toilets to minimize the risk of any kind of sexual harassment in public ...
... carries with it the risk of infection.[citation needed] ...
Initial research and treatment programs aimed at understanding and reducing the risk of reoffense in sexual offenders. In the ... Noffsinger, Stephen G. (1 June 2001). "Restoration to Competency Practice Guidelines". Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol. 45 (3 ...
"Abbott's plunge into submarine market is a risk we cannot afford". The Age. Retrieved 14 May 2016.. ... There were four possible routes for the SEA 1000 project to take, in order of increasing design complexity and risk: *Buy a ... Scott, Richard (14 January 2010). "Horns of a dilemma: Project SEA 1000 seeks to balance technology and risk". International ... while a souring of China-Japan relations is something the Democratic Party of Japan is less likely to risk than the Liberal ...
Millions of people are at risk of infection and thousands die every year due to communicable diseases, malnutrition and other ... "A case control study on risk factors associated with malnutrition in Dolpa district of Nepal". Retrieved 2016-09-11. Policy - ... Furthermore, possible contamination of these substitutes exposes the infant to the risk of illness. Nepal's Breast Milk ... 2001. "Saano Dumre Revisited: Changing Models of Illness in a Village of Central Nepal." Contributions to Nepalese Studies 28(2 ...
Use of a spacer device to reduce the contact with the oral mucosa may greatly reduce the risk of oral candidiasis. In recurrent ... Smoking is a known risk factor. This refers to a group of rare syndromes characterized by chronic candidal lesions on the skin ... Individuals continue to be at risk of the condition if underlying factors such as reduced salivary flow rate or ... clear however there is a theoretical risk of positive interaction of candida with topical bacteria that could increase the risk ...
Risks to donor[edit]. The risks of a complication depend on patient characteristics, health care providers and the apheresis ... increase the risk of graft rejection. A mismatch of an HLA Type II gene (i.e. HLA-DR, or HLA-DQB1) increases the risk of graft- ... Drug risks[edit]. Filgrastim is typically dosed in the 10 microgram/kg level for 4-5 days during the harvesting of stem cells. ... Access risks[edit]. Blood was drawn peripherally in a majority of patients, but a central line to jugular/subclavian/femoral ...
Description of System: The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) monitors six categories of priority health-risk ... Trend analysis of selected risk behaviors indicated increases and decreases in the risk for unintentional injuries and violence ... to determine the percentage of students who were at risk for becoming overweight and who were overweight. At risk for becoming ... Age of Initiation of Risk Behaviors Cigarette Smoking Nationwide, 22.1% of students had smoked a whole cigarette before age 13 ...
Risk is a 2001 Australian film about insurance fraud directed by Alan White and starring Tom Long, Bryan Brown, and Claudia ... Scott Weinberg of Apollo Guide gave a positive reviews, commenting "Risk may not be the most unique crime drama to come down ... Whelan Brian Meegan as Instructor Risk was met with positive reviews from critics and audiences, earning an 80% approval rating ... "Australian Films at the Australian Box Office", Film Victoria accessed 13 November 2012 Andrew L. Urban, "WHITE, ALAN: RISK", ...
Burden of disease, NHPAs and risk factors(a). In this publication, analyses of seven risk factors are presented to highlight ... Risky and high risk drinkers were also more likely to have received injuries than those who were in the low risk and non- ... Research indicates that these additional risk factors are related to behavioural risk factors, such as poor diet, and/or ... Some lifestyle related health risk factors were considerably more prevalent among risky to high risk drinkers compared with ...
... risk-taking, and household portfolio behavior. [James M Poterba; National Bureau of Economic Research.] ... Taxation, risk-taking, and household portfolio behavior. Author:. James M Poterba; National Bureau of Economic Research.. ... schema:name "Taxation, risk-taking, and household portfolio behavior"@en ;. schema:productID "47249520" ;. schema:publication < ... Taxation, risk-taking, and household portfolio behavior/James M Poterba; National Bureau of Economic Research.; Cambridge, MA ...
Despite decreases in some sexual risk behaviors, efforts to prevent sexual risk behaviors will need to be intensified to meet ... YRBS, a component of CDCs Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, measures the self-reported prevalence of health risk ... Efforts to prevent sexual risk behaviors will need to be intensified to meet the 2010 objective; to sustain decreases in ... Trends in Sexual Risk Behaviors Among High School Students --- United States, 1991--2001. ...
Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and obesity-related health risk factors, 2001.. Mokdad AH1, Ford ES, Bowman BA, Dietz WH, ... In 2001 the prevalence of obesity (BMI , or =30) was 20.9% vs 19.8% in 2000, an increase of 5.6%. The prevalence of diabetes ... telephone survey of 195 005 adults aged 18 years or older residing in all states participating in the Behavioral Risk Factor ... To estimate the prevalence of obesity and diabetes among US adults in 2001. ...
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Methotrexate Exposure and Risk of Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma: Investigation of a Possible Dose-response Relationship. ... Methotrexate treatment has been linked with an increased risk of melanoma. However, a possible dose-response relationship with ... LAL-AR-N-2005:Study Treatment for Children High Risk Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia ... Study Treatment to Low Risk ALL". *Related Companies*Related Events*Related Clinical Trials*Related PubMed Entries*Related ...
... "the findings from this teams analysis appear to be in line with the longstanding view that there is an increased risk of ... Similar criticism of what is known as "Study 329" began within a year of its publication in 2001, but Wednesdays reappraisal ... Researchers: 2001 Paxil study seems to play down suicide risks to youths. ...
Obesity is strongly associated with several major health risk factors. ... Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and obesity-related health risk factors, 2001 JAMA. 2003 Jan 1;289(1):76-9. doi: 10.1001/jama. ... Results: In 2001 the prevalence of obesity (BMI , or =30) was 20.9% vs 19.8% in 2000, an increase of 5.6%. The prevalence of ... telephone survey of 195 005 adults aged 18 years or older residing in all states participating in the Behavioral Risk Factor ...
4 additional research is needed to elucidate whether the risks of a no indicated risk primary caesarean will be offset by ... Rise in "no indicated risk" primary caesareans in the United States, 1991-2001: cross sectional analysis BMJ 2005; 330 :71 ... No indicated risk denotes mothers with singleton, full term (≥ 37 weeks), vertex presentation births who were not reported to ... Rise in "no indicated risk" primary caesareans in the United States, 1991-2001: cross sectional analysis. BMJ 2005; 330 doi: ...
Our aim was to calculate the global burden of disease and risk factors for 2001, to examine regional trends from 1990 to 2001, ... Global and regional burden of disease and risk factors, 2001: systematic analysis of population health data.. Lopez AD1, ... We estimated mortality and disease burden attributable to 19 risk factors.. FINDINGS: About 56 million people died in 2001. Of ... Our results on major disease, injury, and risk factor causes of loss of health, together with information on the cost- ...
Diagnoses of low risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children no treated previously. Exclusion Criteria:. - Mature B-ALL ( ... Study Treatment to Low Risk ALL. Trial Phase:. Phase 4. Minimum Age:. N/A. Maximum Age:. 15 Years ... Study Treatment to Low Risk ALL. REMISION INDUCTION. Systemic chemotherapy:. Prednisolone (PDN):. - 60 mg/m2 day, i.v. or p.o ...
... which exceeds many times the EPA cancer risk level of 0.000004 f/mL (see 1995) that corresponds to a cancer risk factor of 10 ... This exceeds the EPA cancer risk level of 0.000004 f/mL, the typical background levels of asbestos in outdoor air of 0.000002 f ... For example, a sidewalk coated with 4 inches of dust containing .5 percent asbestos is much more of a health risk than a ... The EPA based its assessments on a risk standard of 1-in-10,000 for only some of carcinogenic pollutants thought to be ...
"Identifying low-risk survivors of an AMI may help health care providers to focus more intensive efforts and interventions on ... During the study period there was an increase in the proportion of low-risk survivors from 42.6 to 46.4 percent and a decrease ... The researchers found that 43.5 percent of patients were classified as low-risk survivors of an AMI from 2001 to 2011, 12.3 ... Increase in Low-Risk AMI Survivors From 2001 to 2011. Last Updated: May 04, 2016. ...
Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research.;] -- This study sought to develop a risk assessment instrument ... Validation of a Risk Assessment Instrument for Juvenile Probationers in Alameda County, California, 1996. [ ... Risk assessment. a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Risk assessment"@en ;. .. ... The goal of the new risk assessment instrument was to address the relative risk of recidivism without taking into account the ...
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Xenotransplantation: Benefits and Risks. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2001;7(7):545. doi:10.3201/eid0707.017724.. ... Studies performed in the service of developing policies on xenotransplantation can model other approaches to science-based risk ... Investigations into whether SV40 infection is associated with an increased risk of cancer have been inconclusive. This ... Therefore, xenotransplantation combines a potential benefit with a potential risk to humans that is presently unknown. ...
It states that Pakistan is one of the countries that represents the "highest risk" of enabling black-market sales of nuclear ... Highest Risk in Nuclear Proliferation. You can narrow or broaden the context of this timeline by adjusting the zoom level. The ... March 2001): US Holds Intelligence Summit on Terrorist Threat. Counterterrorism "tsar" Richard Clarke organizes an intelligence ... Context of (March 2001): Assessment for President Bush Identifies Pakistan as Highest Risk in Nuclear Proliferation. ...
Migration, Refugees, and Health Risks On This Page The Process of Migration The Demographics of Infectious Diseases in Migrant ... Yet the risk of migrant workers contracting STDs other than HIV/AIDS is an issue that has not been addressed by most national ... The picture is a complex one, however, and in Italy the risk of HIV/AIDS in migrant populations appears to be lower than among ... TB is a disease of poverty, and it is not surprising that migrants from poor countries are at high risk of contracting it. Much ...
The long-term development of injury risk in Swedish male elite football was studied. Two prospective cohort studies from ... seasons 1982 and 2001 were compared with respect to exposure to football, injury incidence and injury severity. The mean number ... Exposure and injury risk in Swedish elite football: a comparison between seasons 1982 and 2001 Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2003 Dec ... Accounting for risk exposure, there was no difference in injury incidence or severity between the two seasons. The incidence ...
QUALITY AND SAFETY: REDUCING RISK AND PROMOTING EFFECTIVENESS. Around one-third of WHOs Member States have either no drug ... Figure 2 More than 400 professionals in 50 countries received training in good manufacturing practice (GMP) during 2000-2001 ... Annual Report 2001 - Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy: Extending the Evidence Base. (2002; 12 pages) [French] [Spanish] ... In 2001, WHO medicines support to the Stop TB Partnership for operation of the Global TB Drug Facility included development of ...
Patient Handling Activities and the Risk of Low Back Pain among Nurses in Hong Kong. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 36, 794-804. ... Patient Handling Activities and the Risk of Low Back Pain among Nurses in Hong Kong. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 36, 794-804. ... The effect of these factors was assessed using relative risk (RR) with a 95% confidence interval. Results: Different morpho- ... Yip, Y. (2001) A Study of Work Stress, ...
Clarke has claimed that the administration did not take the risk of an al-Qaeda attack seriously enough in the summer of 2001, ... "This review identified concerns about the use of the waterboard, specifically whether the risks of its use were justified by ... with the potential risk of ridicule. Is it really the job of a senior cabinet minister in charge of counter-terrorism to feed ... he knew he risked a public insurrection by the staff, with only a month before the commissions final report was due." Bush ...
Results From 2001 through 2015, increases in state-level excise taxes were associated with declines in prevalence of cigarette ... models were used to model the relationship between excise taxes and prevalence of cigarette smoking in each state from 2001 ...
Chronic diseases and associated risk factors in Australia, 2001 provides statistical overviews of a number of long-lasting ... Risk factors leading to or contributing to these factors such as high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and excess weight ... Chronic diseases and associated risk factors in Australia, 2001 provides statistical overviews of a number of long-lasting ... Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2002, Chronic diseases and associated risk factors in Australia, 2001, AIHW, ...
Risk Factors. Communication. Environmental Health. International Cooperation. metadata.dc.subject.other: Environment and Public ... WHO_NMH_Health.Risks_02.1.pdf. View/Open. 2.08 MB. Adobe PDF. View/Open. ... Communicating health risks to the public : planning conference report WHO/UK department of health : (23-24 October 2001, London ... Planning conference on communicating health risks to the public (2001: London). World Health Organization. Noncommunicable ...
Survey respondents were willing to pay an extra $1,886, $3,837 and $7,794 for a 25%, 50% and 100% reduction in the risk of all ... The survey assessed patients WTP for a 25%, 50% and 100% reduction in the risk of all side effects. Patients were also asked ... The objective of this analysis was to quantify the value patients with MBC place on reduced risk of treatment side effects. ... This analysis demonstrates patients with MBC place a significant value on reducing the risk of side effects and are willing to ...
Women who ingest large amounts of caffeine in early pregnancy are significantly raising their risk of miscarriage, according to ... The risk associated with caffeine was not observed in smokers, suggesting that smoking may either conceal the effect of ... Among those who consumed 300-499 mg per day, the odds ratio was 1.4, rising to more than twice the risk (odds ratio 2.2) with ... Researchers found that women who consumed 20-99 mg of caffeine daily during the first trimester had a miscarriage risk ratio of ...
  • YRBS, a component of CDC's Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, measures the self-reported prevalence of health risk behaviors among adolescents through representative national, state, and local surveys. (cdc.gov)
  • During 1991--2001, the prevalence of sexual experience decreased 16% among high school students. (cdc.gov)
  • During 1991--2001, the overall prevalence of current sexual activity did not change. (cdc.gov)
  • To estimate the prevalence of obesity and diabetes among US adults in 2001. (nih.gov)
  • We calculated prevalence ratios over time to assess trends for 4 selected risk factors and 4 chronic conditions, accounting for age, race/ethnicity, education, health care coverage, and individual states. (cdc.gov)
  • Ahluwalia et al highlighted worsening estimates for obesity, smoking, high blood pressure, and diabetes in prevalence estimates from 1991-1992 to 2000-2001 among women of reproductive age (17). (cdc.gov)
  • Prevalence and incidence of, and risk factors for, HIV-1 infection among factory workers in Ethiopia, 1997-2001. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The study was conducted to determine the prevalence, incidence, and risk factors for HIV infection among factory workers at two sites in Ethiopia. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Being physically active is associated with positive health outcomes including reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, some cancers and depression (World Health Organisation (WHO) 2002). (abs.gov.au)
  • Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2002, Chronic diseases and associated risk factors in Australia, 2001 , AIHW, Canberra. (aihw.gov.au)
  • Eleven top clubs (266 players) in five European countries were followed prospectively throughout the season of 2001-2002. (bmj.com)
  • In addition to these lifestyle behaviours there are other risk factors, such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol, that are associated with the increased risk of diseases like coronary heart disease and stroke. (abs.gov.au)
  • Since many behavioural risk factors, such as low exercise and smoking, can be influenced in a population, information concerning them is important to inform the development, implementation and evaluation of policies and programmes designed to reduce the burden of morbidity and mortality. (abs.gov.au)
  • Research indicates that these additional risk factors are related to behavioural risk factors, such as poor diet, and/or hereditary risk factors. (abs.gov.au)
  • In 1996, it was estimated that risk factors (such as smoking and physical inactivity) accounted for approximately one-third to one-half of the burden of disease and injury in Australia (Mathers et al. (abs.gov.au)
  • 1999). The burden of disease associated with some risk factors is greater than the burden associated with some National Health Priority Areas (NHPA) (see graph 1.1). (abs.gov.au)
  • In this publication, analyses of seven risk factors are presented to highlight the population groups most affected by them, and the relationships between risk factors and health status. (abs.gov.au)
  • In addition, this publication presents the seven risk factors and their relationship between socio-demographics and illness status. (abs.gov.au)
  • While acknowledging that risk factors are not always present in isolation in individuals, this publication does not attempt to explore the relationship between them in great detail. (abs.gov.au)
  • Several risk factors may interact to cause or promote disease in addition to environmental, socioeconomic, genetic and other influences. (abs.gov.au)
  • Obesity is strongly associated with several major health risk factors. (nih.gov)
  • McDonald E , Smith-Palmer Alison , Wallace L A , Blatchford O . Risk factors for TB and HIV coinfection in Scotland, 2001 to 2010. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • This study investigated the extent of, and risk factors for, TB and HIV coinfection in Scotland from 2001 to 2010. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • No indicated risk denotes mothers with singleton, full term (≥ 37 weeks), vertex presentation births who were not reported to have any medical risk factors and for whom no complications of labour or delivery were listed on the birth certificate. (bmj.com)
  • Global and regional burden of disease and risk factors, 2001: systematic analysis of population health data. (nih.gov)
  • Our aim was to calculate the global burden of disease and risk factors for 2001, to examine regional trends from 1990 to 2001, and to provide a starting point for the analysis of the Disease Control Priorities Project (DCPP). (nih.gov)
  • We estimated mortality and disease burden attributable to 19 risk factors. (nih.gov)
  • An estimated 45% of global mortality and 36% of global disease burden are attributable to the joint hazardous effects of the 19 risk factors studied. (nih.gov)
  • Risk and Protective Factors among Youth Offenders. (ed.gov)
  • Examined risk and protective factors of youth offenders and their relation to recidivism. (ed.gov)
  • The effect of these factors was assessed using relative risk (RR) with a 95% confidence interval. (scirp.org)
  • Chronic diseases and associated risk factors in Australia, 2001 provides statistical overviews of a number of long-lasting conditions, disorders and illnesses that comprise the quality of life of a large number of Australians. (aihw.gov.au)
  • Risk factors leading to or contributing to these factors such as high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and excess weight are also examined. (aihw.gov.au)
  • Many risk factors for breast cancer, including advancing age, family history, age of first menstruation, etc. are uncontrollable. (imaginis.com)
  • Mexican-Americans 1.5 (1.16-1.87)], ≥60 years, 1.8 (1.38-2.21) were significant risk factors for VI while gender, high blood pressure, hyperlipidemia and health insurance were not. (arvojournals.org)
  • Adolescent Substance Use and Family-based Risk and Protective Factors: A Literature Review. (ed.gov)
  • Specific family-based risk and protective factors include family relationships, ethnicity, and religious backgrounds. (ed.gov)
  • Similar relative risks (RRs) were seen for patients with or without DM and after adjustment for other CV risk factors. (acpjc.org)
  • The authors point out that many CV risk factors are associated with microalbuminuria, including smoking, dyslipidemia, hypertension, hyperhomocystinemia, dietary protein, and markers of acute phase response. (acpjc.org)
  • Although the authors adjusted for many of these factors in the analyses, further research is necessary to more clearly assess the independent CV risk signaled by albuminuria. (acpjc.org)
  • Some potentially modifiable risk factors and chronic conditions cause significant disease and death during pregnancy and promote the development of chronic disease. (cdc.gov)
  • This study describes recent trends of modifiable risk factors and controllable chronic conditions among reproductive-aged women. (cdc.gov)
  • Many of the same potentially modifiable risk factors for cancer are also risk factors for heart disease and stroke, such as smoking, obesity, physical inactivity, and heavy drinking (5,6). (cdc.gov)
  • Additionally, these risk factors and chronic conditions are related to adverse reproductive health outcomes, including cesarean delivery, eclampsia, perinatal infections and complications, preterm delivery, low birth weight, and infant death (9-13). (cdc.gov)
  • Preventing and managing these risk factors and conditions in women of reproductive age may improve pregnancy outcomes and the overall health of women. (cdc.gov)
  • Recent studies show increases in risk factors for heart disease, diabetes, and cancer in the general population (14-16), but only identified 1 study for women of reproductive age (17). (cdc.gov)
  • Occupational risk factors for prostate cancer in an area of former coal, iron, and steel industries in Germany. (deepdyve.com)
  • cough, wheeze or dyspnoea) among community members exposed to the 9/11/2001 World Trade Center (WTC) attacks during a period of 12-13 years following the attacks, and evaluated risk factors for LRS persistence, including peripheral airway dysfunction and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (ovid.com)
  • CAD risk factors and lipid levels were used to assess the role of the interaction of Lp(a) and traditional risk factors in predicting major CAD events. (ahcmedia.com)
  • After correction of total LDL-C levels to take into account the cholesterol contained in the Lp(a) fraction, high Lp(a) levels actually increased risk in all men, irrespective of baseline LDL-C. An elevated Lp(a) did not increase risk in smokers or in individuals with elevated triglyceride levels, but it did impart risk in the absence of these risk factors. (ahcmedia.com)
  • Eckardstein et al state, "because Lp(a) increases the risk of coronary events strongly depending on the presence of additional coronary risk factors, it is imperative to strictly control additional risk factors in individuals with elevated Lp(a). (ahcmedia.com)
  • These data further support the argument that measurements of Lp(a) may be useful in primary prevention and suggest that in fresh plasma samples a level of 0.2 g/L or more increases CAD risk, particularly if the individual has other CAD risk factors present, such as an LDL-C above 160, low HDL, or hypertension. (ahcmedia.com)
  • For both the sexes, the factors independently associated with an increased risk of HIV infection were widowhood and having had antibodies against TPHA and HSV-2. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The risk factors specific for males were being orthodox Christian, having had a higher lifetime number of sexual partners, and genital discharge in the past five years. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The risk factors for females, included low income, one or more rape(s) over lifetime, and casual sex in the last year. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The study confirmed that high-risk sexual behaviour and STIs play major roles in the spread of HIV infection in the Ethiopians of both the sexes, but the factors, such as rape and low economic status, make women more vulnerable than men. (ox.ac.uk)
  • This paper investigates whether neighborhood material deprivation is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors (physical inactivity, diabetes, smoking, body mass index, blood pressure, cholesterol) independent of individual socioeconomic status (SES) in Black, Mexican-American, and White women and men aged 25-64 using data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-1994, N = 9,961). (unboundmedicine.com)
  • 05). Stronger associations were found between neighborhood deprivation and CVD risk factors in Blacks than in Mexican Americans despite living in similarly deprived neighborhoods. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Neighborhood deprivation may influence CVD risk factors through a variety of mechanisms including the availability of healthy environments, municipal services, and political/cultural characteristics. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Policies and interventions that address the socioeconomic context in which people live might reduce inequalities in CVD risk factors. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • TY - JOUR T1 - Neighborhood context and cardiovascular disease risk factors: the contribution of material deprivation. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Decisions about the degree of risk that a given shipment poses are based on a thorough consideration of all the various factors involved. (canada.ca)
  • Instead of calculating risk factors, maybe I'll just flip a coin. (timescolonist.com)
  • Are there socioeconomic inequalities in cardiovascular risk factors in childhood, and are they mediated by adiposity? (nature.com)
  • It is unknown whether this translates to socioeconomic gradients in associated cardiovascular risk factors in children, with consequent implications for inequalities in coronary heart disease (CHD) and diabetes when these children reach adulthood. (nature.com)
  • There were socioeconomic differences in a number of the cardiovascular risk factors (apolipoprotein B, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, CRP, leptin and IL-6). (nature.com)
  • Inequalities in other cardiovascular risk factors were partially mediated by adiposity. (nature.com)
  • This study showed important socioeconomic inequalities in adiposity and associated cardiovascular risk factors in a contemporary UK population of 10-year-old children. (nature.com)
  • Differences between contemporary children and previous generations in the socioeconomic patterning of cardiovascular risk factors suggest future adults may have greater inequalities in diabetes and CHD than current adults. (nature.com)
  • 7 However, it is unknown whether this association is due to tracking of BMI from childhood to adulthood or whether permanent changes in cardiovascular risk factors, such as lipid and blood pressure levels, occur in childhood as a result of greater adiposity. (nature.com)
  • If the latter is true these adiposity-related risk factors changes might mediate the association of childhood SEP with adult CHD. (nature.com)
  • Risk factors of schizophrenia include multiple genetic and environmental risk factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The interactions of these risk factors are complicated, as numerous and diverse insults from conception to adulthood can be involved. (wikipedia.org)
  • Environmental risk factors are many, and include pregnancy complications, prenatal stress and nutrition, and adverse childhood experiences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research has shown that schizophrenia is a polygenic disorder and that genetic vulnerability to schizophrenia is multifactorial, caused by the interactions of several genes with environmental risk factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Twin studies have shown that an identical twin has around a 50% risk of also developing the disorder, which means that the development of schizophrenia is around 50% of the time more associated with environmental factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on these findings, this report focuses primarily on risk factors for suicide death among ex-serving men. (aihw.gov.au)
  • Table 1 lists the risk factors and their odds ratios for preeclampsia. (medscape.com)
  • More knowledge of the risk factors for hyperkinetic disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may help in the understanding of the underlying pathophysiology and focusing public health prevention programs. (aappublications.org)
  • These results, while adding to the limited knowledge on prenatal pharmacological exposures as potential ASD risk factors, need to be balanced against the benefits of indicated medication use by pregnant mothers. (springer.com)
  • During 2000-2001, more than 400 people from 50 countries were trained in GMP implementation. (who.int)
  • To examine changes in sexual risk behavior that occurred among high school students in the United States during 1991--2001, CDC analyzed data from six national Youth Risk Behavior surveys (YRBS). (cdc.gov)
  • This report summarizes the results of the analysis, which indicate that, during 1991--2001, the percentage of U.S. high school students who ever had sexual intercourse and the percentage who had multiple sex partners decreased. (cdc.gov)
  • The six biennial national surveys conducted during 1991--2001 used independent, three-stage cluster samples to obtain cross-sectional data representative of students in grades 9--12 in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. (cdc.gov)
  • This paper analyses US national birth certificate data on approximately 4 million births annually to create a new category-mothers at "no indicated risk"-and then examines the growth of primary caesareans in these women from 1991 to 2001. (bmj.com)
  • The proportion of mothers at no indicated risk decreased from 46% of all births in 1991 to 42% in 1998 but has since levelled off ( table ). (bmj.com)
  • However, the primary caesarean rate for this exceptionally low risk group rose 67% between 1991 (3.3%) and 2001 (5.5%), with a gradual increase from 1991 to 1996 and a rapid one thereafter. (bmj.com)
  • and data year (1991, 1996, or 2001) (see table on bmj.com). (bmj.com)
  • In the multivariate analysis, the overall increase between 1991 and 1996 disappeared, but the odds of having a no indicated risk primary caesarean in 2001 were almost 50% higher than the odds for comparable mothers in 1996. (bmj.com)
  • Methods This study investigated modelled air pollution concentrations at residence for 1971, 1981, 1991 (black smoke (BS) and SO 2 ) and 2001 (PM 10 ) in relation to mortality up to 2009 in 367 658 members of the longitudinal survey, a 1% sample of the English Census. (bmj.com)
  • Priority health-risk behaviors, which contribute to the leading causes of mortality and morbidity among youth and adults, often are established during youth, extend into adulthood, are interrelated, and are preventable. (cdc.gov)
  • Random-digit telephone survey of 195 005 adults aged 18 years or older residing in all states participating in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System in 2001. (nih.gov)
  • Data from the 2001 to 2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a representative state-based telephone survey of health behavior in US adults, was analyzed for 327,917 women of reproductive age, 18 to 44 years. (cdc.gov)
  • Ziprasidone may increase the risk of death in older adults with dementia-related psychosis. (drugs.com)
  • Several studies reporting the injury epidemiology and traumatology of male adult football at elite or professional level in Europe have all confirmed a high risk of injury. (bmj.com)
  • The company also said that "the findings from this team's analysis appear to be in line with the longstanding view that there is an increased risk of suicidality in pediatric and adolescent patients given antidepressants like paroxetine. (washingtonpost.com)
  • From 2001 to 2010, 106/4,097 (2.6%, 95% CI: 2.1 to 3.1) TB patients matched with HIV patients, equating to a 10-year incidence of 2.1 cases per million population. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • The researchers found that 43.5 percent of patients were classified as low-risk survivors of an AMI from 2001 to 2011, 12.3 percent died, and 44.2 percent had at least one rehospitalization during the following year. (doctorslounge.com)
  • After adjustment for multiple patient characteristics, the likelihood of being classified as a low-risk AMI survivor was increased for younger persons (≤65 years), men, married patients, patients not presenting with multimorbidities, and patients who did not develop in-hospital clinical complications. (doctorslounge.com)
  • The objective of this analysis was to quantify the value patients with MBC place on reduced risk of treatment side effects. (aacrjournals.org)
  • A willingness to pay (WTP) survey was developed to assess metastatic breast cancer patients' willingness to pay for a reduction in the risk of breast cancer treatment side effects. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The survey assessed patients' WTP for a 25%, 50% and 100% reduction in the risk of all side effects. (aacrjournals.org)
  • This analysis demonstrates patients with MBC place a significant value on reducing the risk of side effects and are willing to pay 4.2 times for a treatment devoid of side effects as compared to a treatment with a 25% reduction in the risk of treatment side effects. (aacrjournals.org)
  • While smoking increases the risk of complications during surgery, side effects are possible for all patients who have reconstruction. (imaginis.com)
  • Though peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a known risk factor for heart disease and stroke , a new study finds that many patients are not diagnosed with the condition by their physicians. (imaginis.com)
  • To help prevent PAD, physicians suggest that patients focus on lowering their risk of heart disease and stroke. (imaginis.com)
  • Is any degree of albuminuria a risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) events in high-risk patients with or without diabetes mellitus (DM)? (acpjc.org)
  • Microalbuminuria was detected in 33% of patients with DM and 15% of patients without DM, and it increased the risk for major CV events, all-cause mortality, and hospitalization for CHF (Table). (acpjc.org)
  • Patients with increased cardiovascular risk, with or without diabetes mellitus, and any degree of albuminuria were at increased risk for major cardiovascular events. (acpjc.org)
  • The increase in risk began even below the threshold level for microalbuminuria used to indicate incipient diabetic nephropathy in patients with DM. (acpjc.org)
  • From the courtrooms of Nuremberg to the battlefields of the Gulf War, Undue Risk exposes a variety of government policies and specific cases, including plutonium injections to unwilling hospital patients, and even the attempted recruitment of Nazi medical scientists by the U.S. government after World War II. (google.com)
  • By 2001, results from clinical trials that had completed testing in 12,207 patients indicated Vioxx raised the risk of heart-related side effects by 35%, the researchers wrote in a paper published Monday in the Archives of Internal Medicine. (wsj.com)
  • Here, we report the results of a phase II trial that enrolled heavily pretreated patients with high-risk hematologic malignancies that was prematurely interrupted owing to high rates of engraftment failure and excessive mortality. (nature.com)
  • Patients should have high-risk hematologic malignancies. (nature.com)
  • CHICAGO, IL ( updated ) - Cholesterol-lowering therapy alone and with blood-pressure (BP)-lowering treatment may prevent CV events in patients considered at "intermediate risk" for CHD-but BP lowering alone doesn't do the trick unless BP was high to begin with, suggests primary results from the randomized Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation-3 (HOPE-3) trial. (medscape.com)
  • Pre-eclampsia and risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer in later life: systematic review and meta-analysis. (medscape.com)
  • Preeclampsia: at risk for remote cardiovascular disease. (medscape.com)
  • I thought you might be interested in this item at http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/61153841 Title: Validation of a Risk Assessment Instrument for Juvenile Probationers in Alameda County, California, 1996 Publisher: Ann Arbor, Mich. : Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2001. (worldcat.org)
  • This study sought to develop a risk assessment instrument to be used in the placement of adjudicated juveniles and determination of outcomes for juvenile probationers. (worldcat.org)
  • The following research questions served as a guide in developing the risk assessment instrument: (1) Does the instrument measure what it purports to measure? (worldcat.org)
  • The goal of the new risk assessment instrument was to address the relative risk of recidivism without taking into account the severity of the current offense. (worldcat.org)
  • In order to develop a new risk assessment instrument, researchers adapted a pre-existing instrument that had been used and validated with juvenile probationers in California. (worldcat.org)
  • It contains events related to the event (March 2001): Assessment for President Bush Identifies Pakistan as 'Highest Risk' in Nuclear Proliferation . (historycommons.org)
  • Following a conference on the terrorist threat to the US arranged by counterterrorism "tsar" Richard Clarke (see (March 2001) ), President Bush receives a classified assessment concerning the threat. (historycommons.org)
  • Use this assessment to rate your well location risks. (umsystem.edu)
  • Because of the volume and value of waste crossing OECD borders annually for recovery, the OECD has developed a control system, based on risk assessment that provides for a simplified means to control the transboundary movements of wastes destined for recovery/recycling operations which are environmentally sound. (canada.ca)
  • Risk assessment is carried out on the basis of complete information provided on a given shipment of waste, the conditions under which it is handled and transported, and the value of the material to be recycled. (canada.ca)
  • Hence, risk assessment is made on the basis of hazard and probability of a spill or other accidents. (canada.ca)
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  • By applying risk assessment it was estimated that the total unit risk of PAHs harming the foundry workers was 9.43 × 10 -4 and about 95% of total risk is contributed by benzo[α]pyrene (BaP) and dibenzo [α h]anthracene (DahA). (springer.com)
  • In December 2006, the Challenge identified 193 chemical substances through categorization which became high priorities for assessment due to their hazardous properties and their potential to pose risks to human health and the environment. (gc.ca)
  • This report summarizes results from the national survey, 34 state surveys, and 18 local surveys conducted among students in grades 9--12 during February--December 2001. (cdc.gov)
  • 2001-12-20T12:00:00SBC utilizes a colorectal other download Risk Control and doctor that see design perform results. (iahf.com)
  • Our results on major disease, injury, and risk factor causes of loss of health, together with information on the cost-effectiveness of interventions, can assist in accelerating progress towards better health and reducing the persistent differentials in health between poor and rich countries. (nih.gov)
  • Better trading: money and risk ': ' format years can Read all results of the Page. (posof.net)
  • However, it is unclear whether breastfeeding specifically lowers sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk, because study results have been conflicting. (aappublications.org)
  • Our results showed an increased risk for hyperkinetic disorder in children of mothers who smoked during pregnancy. (aappublications.org)
  • These results extend existing neurological evidence by showing that the dorsal and ventral MPFC convey different decision signals (i.e., aversion to uncertainty vs. approach to rewarding outcomes), where the relative strengths of these signals determine behavioral decisions involving risk and uncertainty. (psu.edu)
  • The risk of breast cancer was also significantly lower for women who breast-fed more than 73 months over their lifetime. (imaginis.com)
  • Major CAD events were significantly increased in the highest quintile of baseline Lp(a), eg, a level greater than 0.17 g/L. For those individuals with a level greater than 0.2 g/L, there was almost a 3-fold increase risk of having a coronary event over the next 10 years. (ahcmedia.com)
  • There was strong evidence showing Vioxx significantly increased the risk of heart attacks and deaths at least three years before the painkiller was pulled from the market, according to researchers who conducted a new analysis of clinical-trial data on the drug. (wsj.com)
  • Children vaccinated with MMR before age 10 are at significantly higher risk of multiple sclerosis. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • 4 weeks) constituted 15% of all injuries, and the risk of major injury was also significantly higher among the English and Dutch teams (p = 0.04). (bmj.com)
  • Early-onset preeclampsia was significantly associated with a high risk for fetal death (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 5.8), but late-onset preeclampsia was not (AOR, 1.3). (medscape.com)
  • Two prospective cohort studies from seasons 1982 and 2001 were compared with respect to exposure to football, injury incidence and injury severity. (nih.gov)
  • In 2001, players suffered more training injuries due to an increased training exposure. (nih.gov)
  • Accounting for risk exposure, there was no difference in injury incidence or severity between the two seasons. (nih.gov)
  • The incidence was 8.3 injuries/1000 h of total exposure (4.6 in training and 20.6 in matches) in 1982, compared to 7.8/1000 h-1 (5.2 in training and 25.9 in matches) in 2001. (nih.gov)
  • The study did not investigate why breast-feeding cut the risk of breast cancer, but researchers believe it may be related to reduced exposure to estrogen and female hormone cycles during lactation. (imaginis.com)
  • Experts believe that estrogen exposure plays a role in breast cancer risk. (imaginis.com)
  • No population-based studies were found on the relation between allergen exposure during infancy and asthma risk after the age of 6 years. (acpjc.org)
  • 2 cohort studies did not show statistically significant associations between allergen exposure and asthma risk in children who had a family history of allergy and who were followed beyond the age of 6 years. (acpjc.org)
  • 2015) and to differentiate the contri- bution of genetic predisposition and occupational exposure References to urinary bladder cancer risk (Selinski et al. (deepdyve.com)
  • grating download modelling of environmental chemical exposure and risk 2001 caused man at 26 dates V for Intracranial macrosomic contingency and sector for health by informative safe world at 28 days. (cool-people.de)
  • Acknowledging the human health risks posed by exposure to PCBs at many contaminated sites, some state health and environmental agencies have issued fish and wildlife consumption advisories to caution sport fishers and hunters and their families against eating the fish or wildlife from these sites. (nap.edu)
  • To investigate the risk exposure, risk of injury, and injury pattern of footballers involved in UEFA Champions League and international matches during a full football season. (bmj.com)
  • National team players have a higher match exposure, but no higher risk of injury than other top level players. (bmj.com)
  • Many of the top players also play for their national team, and it has been speculated that this increase in match exposure may be accompanied by a higher risk of injury. (bmj.com)
  • We found evidence that in utero exposure to SSRIs increases a child's risk associated with ASD. (springer.com)
  • The Physician's Health study showed that men who ate five or more eggs per week had a 50 percent higher risk for diabetes than those who did not eat eggs, and women who eat more than six eggs per week had a 77 percent higher risk of diabetes ( Diabetes Care , 2009;32:295). (roadbikerider.com)
  • However, eating one egg per day may be less harmful than the typical breakfast of dry cereal with sugar and other refined carbohydrates, which can increase risk for diabetes, heart attacks, and certain cancers ( Am J Clin Nutr , March 9, 2010;91(3):502-9). (roadbikerider.com)
  • In 2001, 80 028 no indicated risk primary caesareans took place in the United States, an increase of 25 162 since 1996. (bmj.com)
  • This represented 25.8% of the total increase (97 659) in primary caesareans between 1996 and 2001. (bmj.com)
  • For the verification of birthdate as a risk factor, we considered retrospectively a data set of all consecutives newborns of Marche Region (Italy) affected by Congenital Hypothy-roidism, in the period 1981-1996 (n = 92). (minervamedica.it)
  • The majority of risk behaviors associated with these two causes of death are initiated during adolescence. (cdc.gov)
  • There was a 20% reduction in global disease burden per head due to communicable, maternal, perinatal, and nutritional conditions between 1990 and 2001. (nih.gov)
  • In a related US study, maternal caffeine consumption in the first trimester was associated with an increased risk of miscarriage in women who experience nausea. (wddty.com)
  • The recommendation to breastfeed infants should be included with other SIDS risk-reduction messages to both reduce the risk of SIDS and promote breastfeeding for its many other infant and maternal health benefits. (aappublications.org)
  • Maternal smoking during pregnancy may increase the risk for behavioral disorders. (aappublications.org)
  • Our aim was to study the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and the risk for hyperkinetic disorder in the offspring. (aappublications.org)
  • In summary, Lp(a) was a significant predictive risk factor in individuals with the greatest burden of overall CAD risk. (ahcmedia.com)
  • Participants Non-pregnant Danish women aged 15-49 with no history of thrombotic disease and followed from January 2001 to December 2009. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • This report covers data during February--December 2001. (cdc.gov)
  • James 3/26/2004 ) After his meeting with Bush, Clarke works with CIA and FBI experts to produce the report requested by Bush (see September 18, 2001 ). (historycommons.org)
  • This report, part of GAO's performance and accountability series, discusses the major management challenges and program risks facing the Small Business Administration (SBA). (gao.gov)
  • Analysis in the summary report examined each service-related characteristic associated with risk of suicide individually. (aihw.gov.au)
  • Analysis for the summary report found younger age, involuntary discharge (particularly medical discharge), less than 1 year of service, and discharge in all ranks other than commissioned officer to be associated with higher suicide risk. (aihw.gov.au)
  • Unprotected sexual intercourse places young persons at risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and unintended pregnancy. (cdc.gov)
  • In the study, the researchers evaluated approximately 600 individuals who had at least two first-degree relatives with schizophrenia, that is, they were persons who were presumably at genetic risk of schizophrenia. (schizophrenia.com)
  • 160 mm Hg, "its role in persons at intermediate risk and with lower blood pressure is unclear," note the investigators. (medscape.com)
  • The PHS Guideline on Infectious Disease Issues in Xenotransplantation describes a system of safeguards built around two key concepts: pretransplant screening of some animal herds, source animals, and xenotransplantation products to minimize the risk of xenogeneic infections with recognized pathogens and posttransplant surveillance of recipients for previously unrecognized xenogeneic organisms. (cdc.gov)
  • We performed a cross-sectional analysis using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), a state-based, random-digit-dialed telephone survey of the US noninstitutionalized, civilian population aged 18 years or older. (cdc.gov)
  • The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System ( BRFSS ) is a state conducted telephone survey. (healthdata.org)
  • Investigations into whether SV40 infection is associated with an increased risk of cancer have been inconclusive. (cdc.gov)
  • To assess trends, we re-estimated all-cause mortality for 1990 with the same methods as for 2001. (nih.gov)
  • Trends in suicide rates in England and Wales 2001-2011. (ox.ac.uk)
  • We have investigated trends in indicators of the 2008 economic recession and trends in suicide rates in England and Wales in men and women of working age (16-64 years old) for the period 2001-2011, before, during and after the economic recession, our aim was to identify demographic groups whose suicide rates were most affected. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Data that suggest associations between a given risk factor and certain illnesses should not be interpreted as indicating causal relationships (that is, that the risk factor caused the disease). (abs.gov.au)
  • Almost half the disease burden in low-and-middle-income countries is now from non-communicable diseases (disease burden per head in Sub-Saharan Africa and the low-and-middle-income countries of Europe and Central Asia increased between 1990 and 2001). (nih.gov)
  • These figures suggest that physicians often do not check for PAD even though it is a risk factor for heart disease. (imaginis.com)
  • In an accompanying editorial published in the Journal of the American Medical Association , Kenneth Ouriel, MD agreed that PAD is an important risk factor for atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), which can lead to heart disease. (imaginis.com)
  • This large, international, multicenter, CV disease prevention trial-which found ramipril, but not vitamin E, protective-has clearly shown that the presence of albuminuria indicates increased risk for myocardial infarction, stroke, CV death, CHF, and all-cause mortality. (acpjc.org)
  • More important, researchers need to clarify whether increasing albuminuria is a causal risk factor for CV disease or simply a marker of diffuse endothelial disease characteristic of early atherosclerosis. (acpjc.org)
  • Data confirm Lp(a) as an important coronary artery disease risk factor, and emphasize the point that their study used fresh serum samples as opposed to most of the data literature, which measured stored and frozen serum or plasma. (ahcmedia.com)
  • Lipoprotein (a) has been a controversial risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) for many years, with varying recommendations as to whether Lp(a) should be measured in risk stratification for CAD. (ahcmedia.com)
  • BRFSS began in 1984 and gathers information on health risk behaviors, preventive health practices, and health care access primarily related to chronic disease and injury. (healthdata.org)
  • Administration of varicella vaccine before the age of 15 months, and the prescription of oral steroids, may be associated with a slightly increased risk of breakthrough disease. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Using mismatched unrelated donors may increase the donor pool, but this type of transplant carries a high risk of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and severely impaired immune recovery. (nature.com)
  • Is your son at risk of heart disease? (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Similar criticism of what is known as "Study 329" began within a year of its publication in 2001, but Wednesday's reappraisal in The BMJ, a medical journal, may be the most thorough yet. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Publication year: 2001. (questia.com)
  • The outcome of 2001 activities confirmed that joint medicines and vaccines regulatory assessments are useful and cost-effective. (who.int)
  • Main outcome measures Relative and absolute risks of first time venous thromboembolism. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Furthermore, delays intrinsic to the search process may impact decidedly in the outcome of transplantation for diseases at high risk of relapse or progression. (nature.com)
  • Objective To assess the risk of venous thromboembolism from use of combined oral contraceptives according to progestogen type and oestrogen dose. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • 17 18 19 These new studies showed an increased risk of venous thromboembolism in current users of combined oral contraceptives and a decreasing risk by both time of use and decreasing oestrogen dose. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The proportion of low-risk survivors of acute myocardial infarction increased from 2001 to 2011, and characteristics include younger age, male gender, and being married, according to a study published in the May 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology . (doctorslounge.com)
  • During the study period there was an increase in the proportion of low-risk survivors from 42.6 to 46.4 percent and a decrease in the proportion of those who died within a year after hospital discharge from 14.3 to 10.5 percent. (doctorslounge.com)
  • A new study confirms the belief that smoking can interfere with breast reconstruction , increasing the risk of complications from surgery. (imaginis.com)
  • The study, 'Complications of Postmastectomy Breast Reconstructions in Smokers, Ex-Smokers, and Nonsmokers,' is published in the February 2001 issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery . (imaginis.com)
  • A study of over 800 women in China found that breast-feeding for two years may reduce a woman s risk of developing breast cancer by as much as 50% compared to women who breast-feed for less than six months. (imaginis.com)
  • The study is significant because it shows that breast-feeding can lower breast cancer risk both before and after menopause whereas most previous breast-feeding studies only revealed a reduced cancer risk for pre-menopausal women. (imaginis.com)
  • In the study, researchers also added to a large amount of research which shows that the early onset of menstruation (before age 12), late menopause (after age 50) and having a first child after age 30 all contribute to an increased risk of developing breast cancer. (imaginis.com)
  • Though the study did not specifically address the reason why breast-feeding may reduce breast cancer risk, Dr. Zheng suggests that the suppression of estrogen and female hormone cycles may be one explanation for the protective effect. (imaginis.com)
  • In the study, the number of children breast-fed and the age at the time of lactation did not appear to influence breast cancer risk. (imaginis.com)
  • A study conducted by Dolores Malaspina, M.D., and colleagues at the New York State Psychiatric Institute in New York City suggests that people who have a biological predisposition towards mental illness and experience a head injury may be at increased risk (an average of 300% higher risk) for schizophrenia. (schizophrenia.com)
  • The study indicating the inhalation risk due to these PAHs exposures are not negligible and should be taken into account for health protection of the workers to address the quantitative aspects relating lung cancer risks to PAHs compounds in foundries. (springer.com)
  • However, short-term exposures have also been shown to increase the risk of lung cancer and mesothelioma. (historycommons.org)
  • almost one fifth (19.5%) of primiparous mothers aged over 34 had such a delivery in 2001. (bmj.com)
  • More than 5% of multiparous mothers over 34 who had had previous vaginal births also had a no indicated risk primary caesarean in 2001. (bmj.com)
  • Every additional course of antibiotics appeared to increase the risk by a further seven per cent, but there is no evidence that antibiotics taken by mothers during pregnancy confer a similar risk to their unborn child, researchers found. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • It would also be inappropriate to equate no indicated risk caesareans with "patient choice" caesareans, as birth certificate data provide no record of the mother's intent. (bmj.com)
  • Mayra Tisminetzky, M.D., Ph.D., from the University of Massachusetts Medical School in Worcester, and colleagues reviewed data from 4,268 residents of the Worcester metropolitan area discharged after an AMI from three central Massachusetts hospitals from 2001 to 2011. (doctorslounge.com)
  • In 2001, WHO finalized a data collection tool for reviewing regulatory capacity to regulate not only medicines, but also vaccines. (who.int)
  • Twenty-four original case-control studies were identified that provided data on the relationship between breastfeeding and SIDS risk. (aappublications.org)
  • Despite decreases in some sexual risk behaviors, efforts to prevent sexual risk behaviors will need to be intensified to meet the national health objective for responsible sexual behavior. (cdc.gov)
  • Undernutrition remains the leading risk factor for health loss. (nih.gov)
  • Identifying low-risk survivors of an AMI may help health care providers to focus more intensive efforts and interventions on those at higher risk for dying and/or being readmitted to the hospital during the post-discharge transition period after an AMI," the authors write. (doctorslounge.com)
  • For instance, a certain waste stream may pose significant environmental and health risks, however this stream can be controlled under stringent conditions of safety as to render the probability of an environmental accident almost negligible. (canada.ca)
  • enter the aquatic food chain, thus contaminating aquatic organisms, including fish, and ultimately placing humans and wildlife at risk of adverse health effects from consumption of these organisms. (nap.edu)
  • The risks of PCB-contaminated sediments, however, extend beyond direct health effects to humans and wildlife. (nap.edu)
  • A handful of states have enacted rating reforms for the individual health insurance market, prohibiting or restricting insurers from charging higher premiums based on health status or the risk of having future medical claims. (hhs.gov)
  • Women who smoked during pregnancy had a 3-fold increased risk for having offspring with hyperkinetic disorder compared with nonsmokers. (aappublications.org)
  • Changes to diet and exercise regimes could then be introduced as measures which could reduce the risk. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Researchers found that women who consumed 20-99 mg of caffeine daily during the first trimester had a miscarriage risk ratio of 1.5 compared with women who consumed less than 20 mg. (wddty.com)
  • Conversely, physical inactivity increases the risk of developing these conditions (Mathers et al. (abs.gov.au)
  • During February 1997-December 2001, a structured questionnaire was used for obtaining information on sociodemographics, sexual behaviour, and reported sexually transmitted infections (STIs) from a cohort of 1679 individuals. (ox.ac.uk)
  • More than half of child deaths in 2001 were attributable to acute respiratory infections, measles, diarrhoea, malaria, and HIV/AIDS. (nih.gov)
  • We investigated whether there is an association between increased risk for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) used during pregnancy. (springer.com)
  • It contains events related to the event Between October 2000 and September 10, 2001: British Banking Company Profiles Fifteen 9/11 Hijackers as High-Risk Likely Terrorists . (historycommons.org)
  • Individuals with hypertension or low HDL-C were also at considerably higher risk with high Lp(a) concentrations. (ahcmedia.com)
  • beta 2 agonists are frequently used in emergencies and have previously shown to increase the QT dispersion (QTd), which may be associate with high risk of cardiac arrhythmia , in asthmatics. (bvsalud.org)
  • The risk of injury in European professional football is high. (bmj.com)
  • Important segregation should be made between lower risk, common variants (identified by candidate studies or genome-wide association studies (GWAS)) and high risk, rare variants (which could be caused by de novo mutations) and copy-number variations (CNVs). (wikipedia.org)
  • Eggs contain cholesterol, but most scientists no longer believe that dietary cholesterol causes heart attacks, even though people who have high blood levels of cholesterol are at increased risk for a heart attack. (roadbikerider.com)
  • This evidence suggests indicators of economic strain other than unemployment and redundancies, such as personal debt and house repossessions may contribute to increased suicide rates in younger-age men whilst for men aged 35-44 years old job loss and long-term unemployment is a key risk factor. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The risk of PAD increases with age, and it is estimated that 20% of people over age 70 have the condition. (imaginis.com)
  • The influence of specific types of combined oral contraceptives on the risk of thrombotic events remains the most important safety issue for these products. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • It is therefore unclear whether the risk of injury is even higher or if there are any regional differences in the injury characteristics. (bmj.com)
  • 2 However, it is unclear whether breastfeeding specifically lowers the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). (aappublications.org)
  • Benefits of breastfeeding include lower risk of postneonatal mortality. (aappublications.org)
  • There are many physical and emotional benefits to breastfeeding, 1 including a reduced risk of postneonatal mortality. (aappublications.org)
  • Therefore, xenotransplantation combines a potential benefit with a potential risk to humans that is presently unknown. (cdc.gov)
  • Albuminuria and risk of cardiovascular events, death, and heart failure in diabetic and nondiabetic individuals. (acpjc.org)