A surgical specialty concerned with the structure and function of the eye and the medical and surgical treatment of its defects and diseases.
A dental specialty concerned with the prevention and correction of dental and oral anomalies (malocclusion).
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
Diseases affecting the eye.
Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)
Decisions made by the United States Supreme Court.
Requirements for the selection of students for admission to academic institutions.
Societies whose membership is limited to dentists.
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)
A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
Products made by baking or firing nonmetallic minerals (clay and similar materials). In making dental restorations or parts of restorations the material is fused porcelain. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Zirconium. A rather rare metallic element, atomic number 40, atomic weight 91.22, symbol Zr. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The use of a layer of tooth-colored material, usually porcelain or acrylic resin, applied to the surface of natural teeth, crowns, or pontics by fusion, cementation, or mechanical retention.
An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Y, atomic number 39, and atomic weight 88.91. In conjunction with other rare earths, yttrium is used as a phosphor in television receivers and is a component of the yttrium-aluminum garnet (YAG) lasers.
An oxide of aluminum, occurring in nature as various minerals such as bauxite, corundum, etc. It is used as an adsorbent, desiccating agent, and catalyst, and in the manufacture of dental cements and refractories.
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
The spectrometric analysis of fluorescent X-RAYS, i.e. X-rays emitted after bombarding matter with high energy particles such as PROTONS; ELECTRONS; or higher energy X-rays. Identification of ELEMENTS by this technique is based on the specific type of X-rays that are emitted which are characteristic of the specific elements in the material being analyzed. The characteristic X-rays are distinguished and/or quantified by either wavelength dispersive or energy dispersive methods.
A tough, malleable, iron-based alloy containing up to, but no more than, two percent carbon and often other metals. It is used in medicine and dentistry in implants and instrumentation.
Biocompatible materials usually used in dental and bone implants that enhance biologic fixation, thereby increasing the bond strength between the coated material and bone, and minimize possible biological effects that may result from the implant itself.
Stainless steel. A steel containing Ni, Cr, or both. It does not tarnish on exposure and is used in corrosive environments. (Grant & Hack's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Devices for accelerating protons or electrons in closed orbits where the accelerating voltage and magnetic field strength varies (the accelerating voltage is held constant for electrons) in order to keep the orbit radius constant.
Penetrating electromagnetic radiation emitted when the inner orbital electrons of an atom are excited and release radiant energy. X-ray wavelengths range from 1 pm to 10 nm. Hard X-rays are the higher energy, shorter wavelength X-rays. Soft x-rays or Grenz rays are less energetic and longer in wavelength. The short wavelength end of the X-ray spectrum overlaps the GAMMA RAYS wavelength range. The distinction between gamma rays and X-rays is based on their radiation source.
Devices or pieces of equipment placed in or around the mouth or attached to instruments to protect the external or internal tissues of the mouth and the teeth.
Distensibility measure of a chamber such as the lungs (LUNG COMPLIANCE) or bladder. Compliance is expressed as a change in volume per unit change in pressure.
A film base coated with an emulsion designed for use with x-rays.
Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of radiology services and facilities.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The mixture of gases present in the earth's atmosphere consisting of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and small amounts of other gases.
Supplies used in building.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
A republic in southern Africa east of ZAMBIA and MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Lilongwe. It was formerly called Nyasaland.
Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.
Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.
A class of natural contraceptive methods in which SEXUAL ABSTINENCE is practiced a few days before and after the estimated day of ovulation, during the fertile phase. Methods for determining the fertile period or OVULATION DETECTION are based on various physiological indicators, such as circulating hormones, changes in cervical mucus (CERVIX MUCUS), and the basal body temperature.
Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).
Their methods provided political scientists-for the first time-quantitative measures of Representatives' and Senators' ideology ... Both were landmark works for their development and application of the use of sophisticated measurement and scaling methods in ... At the heart of the NOMINATE procedures (and other multidimensional scaling methods, such as Poole's Optimal Classification ... the original D-NOMINATE method, W-NOMINATE, and most recently DW-NOMINATE (for dynamic, weighted NOMINATE). In 2009, Poole and ...
... test method called Pulse CO-Oximetry is also available with comparable accuracy to invasive methods.[90] ... Laboratory hemoglobin test methods require a blood sample (arterial, venous, or capillary) and analysis on hematology analyzer ... Perrey, S. P. (2008). "Non-invasive NIR spectroscopy of human brain function during exercise". Methods. 45 (4): 289-99. doi: ... Adair, Gilbert Smithson (1925). "A critical study of the direct method of measuring the osmotic pressure of hǣmoglobin". Proc. ...
This method is mainly confined to kayaks. *Cold moulding is a composite method of wooden boat building that uses two or more ... A subdivision of the sheet plywood boat building method is known as the stitch-and-glue method,[9] where pre-shaped panels of ... This method lends itself to great flexibility in hull shape.[14]. Cold-moulded refers to a type of building one-off hulls using ... The "hot-moulded" method of building boats, which used ovens to heat and cure the resin, has not been widely used since World ...
Methods Cell Biol. Methods in Cell Biology. 62: 449-453. doi:10.1016/S0091-679X(08)61549-6. ISBN 978-0-12-544164-3. PMID ... Kurien B, Scofield R (2006). "Western blotting". Methods. 38 (4): 283-293. doi:10.1016/j.ymeth.2005.11.007. PMID 16483794.. ... 1994). "Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)". Methods Mol Biol. 32: 461-466. doi:10.1385/0-89603-268-X:461. ISBN 0-89603- ... Kalyuzhny AE (2005). "Chemistry and biology of the ELISPOT assay". Methods Mol Biol. 302: 015-032. doi:10.1385/1-59259-903-6: ...
Meshfree methods[edit]. Main article: Meshfree methods. Discontinuous Galerkin methods[edit]. Main article: Discontinuous ... Mixed finite element method[edit]. Main article: Mixed finite element method. The mixed finite element method is a type of ... Spectral element method[edit]. Main article: Spectral element method. Spectral element methods combine the geometric ... Loubignac iteration is an iterative method in finite element methods. Link with the gradient discretisation method[edit]. Some ...
Methods. 20 (4): 455-64. doi:10.1006/meth.2000.0958. PMID 10720466. Allan BB, Moyer BD, Balch WE (2000). "Rab1 recruitment of ... 2000). "RGS4 and RGS2 Bind Coatomer and Inhibit COPI Association with Golgi Membranes and Intracellular Transport". Mol. Biol. ... Eugster A, Frigerio G, Dale M, Duden R (2000). "COP I domains required for coatomer integrity, and novel interactions with ARF ... Fischer KD, Helms JB, Zhao L, Wieland FT (2000). "Site-specific photocrosslinking to probe interactions of Arf1 with proteins ...
Allergy Methods and Protocols. Methods in Molecular Medicine. 138. pp. 167-182. doi:10.1007/978-1-59745-366-0_14. ISBN ... These include the method of hapten conjugation, the type of carrier used and the hapten density. Variations in these factors ... Glutaraldehyde: This method works by the reaction between glutaraldehyde with amine groups to form Schiff bases or Michael-type ... This method of conjugation is spontaneous and no cross-linking agents are needed. Intermediary Molecules Cross-linkage: This ...
Methods. 45 (2): 103-16. doi:10.1016/S0165-022X(00)00067-1. PMID 10989127. Lerman MI, Minna JD (2000). "The 630-kb lung cancer ... Maruyama K, Sugano S (1994). "Oligo-capping: a simple method to replace the cap structure of eukaryotic mRNAs with ... 1996). "A "double adaptor" method for improved shotgun library construction". Anal. Biochem. 236 (1): 107-13. doi:10.1006/abio. ... Fiszer-Szafarz B, Litynska A, Zou L (2000). "Human hyaluronidases: electrophoretic multiple forms in somatic tissues and body ...
Methods. 3 (6): 429-38. doi:10.1038/nmeth886. PMID 16721376. S2CID 12550693. de Grey, Aubrey D.N.J (2000). "Mitochondrial gene ... making this process more economically efficient than conventional methods. Another group of researchers used smaller self ... Noren CJ, Wang J, Perler FB (2000). "Dissecting the chemistry of protein splicing and its applications". Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ...
Methods. 204 (1): 43-9. doi:10.1016/S0022-1759(97)00029-X. PMID 9202708. Matsushita M, Endo Y, Fujita T (2000). "Cutting edge: ...
Methods. 20 (4): 455-64. doi:10.1006/meth.2000.0958. PMID 10720466. Eugster A, Frigerio G, Dale M, Duden R (2000). "COP I ... 2000). "Duplication of genes encoding non-clathrin coat protein gamma-COP in vertebrate, insect and plant evolution". FEBS Lett ... 2000). "Gene expression profiling in the human hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis and full-length cDNA cloning". Proc. Natl. ... 2000). "RGS4 and RGS2 bind coatomer and inhibit COPI association with Golgi membranes and intracellular transport". Mol. Biol. ...
Skene, Caroline D.; Philip Sutton (1 September 2006). "Saponin-adjuvanted particulate vaccines for clinical use". Methods. 40 ( ... Yücekutlu, A. Nihal (2000). Çöven (Gypsophila simonii Hub. Mor) Kökünden Saponin Saflaştırılması, Gazi Üniversitesi Fen ... 362-366, doi:10.1007/BF02859766, S2CID 35055877 Tinde Van Andel (2000), "The diverse uses of fish-poison plants in Northwest ...
Maruyama K, Sugano S (1994). "Oligo-capping: a simple method to replace the cap structure of eukaryotic mRNAs with ... Methods. 15 (3): 255-63. doi:10.1006/meth.1998.0629. PMID 9735310. Weber F, Haller O, Kochs G (2000). "MxA GTPase blocks ... Hijikata M, Ohta Y, Mishiro S (2000). "Identification of a single nucleotide polymorphism in the MxA gene promoter (G/T at nt - ... 2000). "The DNA sequence of human chromosome 21". Nature. 405 (6784): 311-9. Bibcode:2000Natur.405..311H. doi:10.1038/35012518 ...
1996). "A "double adaptor" method for improved shotgun library construction". Anal. Biochem. 236 (1): 107-13. doi:10.1006/abio. ... Methods. 20 (4): 455-64. doi:10.1006/meth.2000.0958. PMID 10720466. Eugster A, Frigerio G, Dale M, Duden R (August 2000). "COP ... Park JB, Kim JH, Kim Y, Ha SH, Yoo JS, Du G, Frohman MA, Suh PG, Ryu SH (July 2000). "Cardiac phospholipase D2 localizes to ... Dell'Angelica EC, Puertollano R, Mullins C, Aguilar RC, Vargas JD, Hartnell LM, Bonifacino JS (April 2000). "GGAs: a family of ...
This method of transfection was invented by Dr. Yongliang Chu. Lipofection Transfection Vectors in gene therapy Cationic ... Methods. 33 (2): 95-103. doi:10.1016/j.ymeth.2003.11.023. PMID 15121163. US Active US7479573B2, Yongliang Chu; Malouk Masoud & ... Lipofectamine or Lipofectamine 2000 is a common transfection reagent, produced and sold by Invitrogen, used in molecular and ... "Advanced transfection with Lipofectamine 2000 reagent: primary neurons, siRNA, and high-throughput applications". ...
Returning to the raw material of clay, Cavener began developing a method of working solid on increasingly complex armatures ... Trained in the classical atelier style throughout her studies, Cavener became restless with the more traditional methods of ... Cavener's usual working method is building solid sculptures on metal armatures, often with 2,000 or more pounds of clay at a ... "Methods". Follow the black rabbit. Retrieved 2019-02-22. Come Undone: the Sculptures of Beth Cavener Stichter. Hi-Fructose. ...
Marlan, S. (2017). My Dog that is Not My Dog: The Slippery Slope of PDI as a Method of Psychology. International Journal of ... In Churchill, S. (ed.) Methods. Dallas: University of Dallas Press.. Marlan, S. (1999). Jung in China: the First International ... In Churchill, S. (ed.) Methods. Dallas: University of Dallas Press. Marlan, S. (1996). Archetypal Psychology, Post-Modernism ... the core elements of psychic life which Giegerich's method seeks to "overcome." Marlan's purpose has evidently been to preserve ...
Methods in Molecular Biology. Methods in Molecular Biology™. 424. pp. 225-39. doi:10.1007/978-1-60327-064-9_19. ISBN 978-1- ... As the name suggests, the Kjeldahl method is applied. More sensitive methods are available. Most microorganisms and plants can ... the advent of genetic engineering has made possible a number of methods to facilitate purification. Methods commonly used to ... Precipitation by a method known as salting out can concentrate the proteins from this lysate. Various types of chromatography ...
A number of recently devised methods can assess the DNA methylation status in cancers versus normal tissues. Some methods ... Methods. 7 (2): 92-3. doi:10.1038/nmeth0210-92. hdl:10230/28107. PMID 20111033. Gonzalez-Perez A, Perez-Llamas C, Deu-Pons J, ... Methods. 10 (11): 1081-2. doi:10.1038/nmeth.2642. PMC 5758042. PMID 24037244. Rubio-Perez C, Tamborero D, Schroeder MP, Antolín ... Li D, Zhang B, Xing X, Wang T (2015). "Combining MeDIP-seq and MRE-seq to investigate genome-wide CpG methylation". Methods. 72 ...
Other names for this method, or closely related methods, include capture-recapture, capture-mark-recapture, mark-recapture, ... the formula used for the Lincoln-Petersen method.[8] Sample calculation[edit]. In the example (n, K, k) = (10, 15, 5) the ... A mark-recapture method was first used for ecological study in 1896 by C.G. Johannes Petersen to estimate plaice, Pleuronectes ... The Lincoln-Petersen method[7] (also known as the Petersen-Lincoln index[5] or Lincoln index) can be used to estimate ...
A simple staining method for bacteria that is usually successful, even when the "positive staining" methods detailed below fail ... In vitro methods[edit]. Preparation[edit]. The preparatory steps involved depend on the type of analysis planned; some or all ... Levenfus, I.: An efficient method for counting DAPI-stained cells using Fiji. Grin: Munich. 2011. ISBN 978-3-640-86284-9 ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Microscopy staining methods.. *[1] The Biological Stain commission is an independent non ...
Stysziński, J. (2010). "Why do we need relativistic computational methods?". Relativistic Methods for Chemists. Challenges and ... "Relativistic Methods for Chemists. Challenges and Advances in Computational Chemistry and Physics. 10. pp. 451-520. doi:10.1007 ... 2010). Relativistic methods for chemists. Springer Science+Business Media. ISBN 978-1-4020-9974-8. .. ... Thayer, J. S. (2010). "Relativistic Effects and the Chemistry of the Heavier Main Group Elements". Relativistic Methods for ...
Huang, David S. (1970). Regression and Econometric Methods. New York: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 127-147. ISBN 0-471-41754-8. .. ... Plackett, R. L. (1949). "A Historical Note on the Method of Least Squares". Biometrika. 36 (3/4): 458-460. doi:10.2307/2332682. ... Johnston, John (1972). Econometric Methods (Second ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. pp. 267-291. ISBN 0-07-032679-7. .. ... Johnston, John (1972). Econometric Methods (Second ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. pp. 159-168. ISBN 0-07-032679-7. .. ...
The enzyme-inhibitor constant Ki can be measured directly by various methods; one extremely accurate method is isothermal ... Methods in Enzymology. 249. pp. 144-80. doi:10.1016/0076-6879(95)49034-5. ISBN 978-0-12-182150-0. PMID 7791610.. ... Methods in Enzymology. 11. p. 686. doi:10.1016/S0076-6879(67)11085-9. ISBN 978-0-12-181860-9.. ... Another method that is widely used in these analyses is mass spectrometry. Here, accurate measurement of the mass of the ...
Methods of study. Main article: Protein methods. The activities and structures of proteins may be examined in vitro, in vivo, ... Methods in Molecular Biology. Methods in Molecular Biology™. 424. pp. 225-39. doi:10.1007/978-1-60327-064-9_19. ISBN 978-1- ... "Methods. 20 (1): 62-72. doi:10.1006/meth.1999.0906. PMID 10610805.. *^ Walker JH, Wilson K (2000). Principles and Techniques of ... the advent of genetic engineering has made possible a number of methods to facilitate purification. Methods commonly used to ...
Ideally, the method used would determine the methylation status separately for each allele. Alternative methods to bisulfite ... This method is based on the single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis (SSCA) method developed for single-nucleotide ... Microarray-based methods use PCR based on non-methylation-specific conditions also. The first reported method of methylation ... A number of methods can be used to determine this C:T ratio. At the beginning, MS-SnuPE relied on radioactive ddNTPs as the ...
Psychological Methods. 5 (3). ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. pp. 315-32. doi:10.1037/1082-989x.5.3.315. PMID 11004870. ,first1= missing , ... Maxwell, S. E.; Fleming, K. J. (2000). "The proof of the pudding: an illustration of the relative strengths of null hypothesis ...
The FETI-DP method is a domain decomposition method that enforces equality of the solution at subdomain interfaces by Lagrange ... Methods Engrg., 50 (2001), pp. 1523--1544. J. Mandel and R. Tezaur, On the convergence of a dual-primal substructuring method, ... The first mathematical analysis of the method was provided by Mandel and Tezaur. The method was further improved by enforcing ... FETI-DP methods are very suitable for high performance parallel computing. A structural simulation using a FETI-DP algorithm ...
Supplementary methods. Biology Letters, published online on June 10, 2009. Hazebroek, H.P. & A.K. bin Abang Morshidi 2002. A ... Lee, C.C. 2000. Recent Nepenthes Discoveries. [video] The 3rd Conference of the International Carnivorous Plant Society, San ... 2000: e.T39680A10250252. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2000.RLTS.T39680A10250252.en. Simpson, R.B. 1995. Nepenthes and Conservation. ... This differs from prior assessments made by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre: in 2000 as Vulnerable and in 1995 as ...
With the emergence of two-photon microscopy and calcium imaging, we now have powerful experimental methods with which to test ... There have been some attempts to provide unified methods that bridge and integrate these levels of complexity.[33] ... Stereochemically detailed models of the acetylcholine receptor-based synapse with the Monte Carlo method, working at the time ... Durstewitz D, Seamans JK, Sejnowski TJ (2000). "Neurocomputational models of working memory". Nat. Neurosci. 3 (Suppl): 1184-91 ...
One such method involves the injection of vasoconstrictive agents (i.e. epinephrine) seven to ten minutes before scalp incision ... "Sagittal craniosynostosis outcome assessment for two methods and timings of intervention". Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. ... Renier D, Lajeunie E, Arnaud E, Marchac D (November 2000). "Management of craniosynostoses". Child's Nervous System. 16 (10-11 ... Cohen MM, MacLean RE (2000). Craniosynostosis: Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Management (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press ...
Reunion provides methods to create, manipulate and generate reports about a family history. It has the capability to produce ... Reunion 7 was announced[6] in May 2000 and among the changes seen at this time was the integration of SuperChart into a single ...
1996). "A "double adaptor" method for improved shotgun library construction". Anal. Biochem. 236 (1): 107-13. doi:10.1006/abio. ... 2000). "N-myristoyltransferase". Mol. Cell. Biochem. 204 (1-2): 135-55. doi:10.1023/A:1007012622030. PMID 10718634. Geyer M, ...
... is another method of diagnosing diabetes.[10] In 2009 an International Expert Committee that included representatives of the ... The five countries with the greatest number of people with diabetes as of 2000 are India having 31.7 million, China 20.8 ... "Global prevalence of diabetes: estimates for the year 2000 and projections for 2030". Diabetes Care. 27 (5): 1047-53. doi ...
Many methods exist for the preparation of ketones in industrial scale and academic laboratories. Ketones are also produced in ... The Dakin-West reaction provides an efficient method for preparation of certain methyl ketones from carboxylic acids.[16] ... In industry, the most important method probably involves oxidation of hydrocarbons, often with air. For example, a billion ... Milder conditions make use of the Dess-Martin periodinane or the Moffatt-Swern methods. ...
The other method is the Linde process, with a variation of the Linde process, called the Claude process, being sometimes used. ... There are some methods to modify the heating value of produced LNG to the desired level. For the purpose of increasing the ... There are several special leak test methods available to test the integrity of an LNG vessel's membrane cargo tanks.[104] ... In 1915 Godfrey Cabot patented a method for storing liquid gases at very low temperatures. It consisted of a Thermos bottle ...
Both say: "The Hamming algorithm is an industry-accepted method for error detection and correction in many SLC NAND flash-based ... However, this method has limits; it is best used on narrowband data. ... rectangular (or uniform) interleavers (similar to the method using skip factors described above) ... some instances of hybrid automatic repeat-request use a fixed ECC method as long as the ECC can handle the error rate, then ...
... varied bill lengths and feeding methods result in the separation of ecological niches.[43][48] Loons, diving ducks, penguins ... Calorie requirements for regular person estimated at 2000 kcal *^ Micheals, Jullian. "FitWatch - Free Online Calorie Counter & ... will then account to some 1800-2000 kcal, which is the average requirement for a regular person.[7] ...
The food web is a simplified illustration of the various methods of feeding that links an ecosystem into a unified system of ... 2000). "When is a trophic cascade a trophic cascade?" (PDF). Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 15 (11): 473-5. doi:10.1016/S0169 ... 2000). "Nutritional constraints in terrestrial and freshwater food webs" (PDF). Nature. 408 (6812): 578-580. doi:10.1038/ ... Kent, Michael (2000). Advanced Biology. Oxford University Press US. p. 511. ISBN 978-0-19-914195-1.. ...
... and other methods. A disastrous fire in 1934 aboard the passenger ship SS Morro Castle, in which 134 lives were lost, convinced ... and academic methods of the academy, and other matters relating to the academy that the board decides to consider. ... inducted into USMMA Hall of Distinguished Graduates in 2000. ...
a b "[A]lternative medicine refers to all treatments that have not been proven effective using scientific methods."[10] ... Unlike medicine,[n 4] an alternative product or practice does not originate from using scientific methods, but may instead be ... Methods may incorporate or base themselves on traditional medicine, folk knowledge, spiritual beliefs, ignorance or ... By scientific method, he meant testing ideas with well-planned experiments to establish accurate facts. The clinician's ...
Methods and Reviews, 1999/2000.. *Howlett, G.J., Minton, A.P., Rivas, G. Analytical Ultracentrifugation for the Study of ... General method of fractionation: Cell sample is stored in a suspension which is: *Buffered - neutral pH, preventing damage to ... This method was also used in Meselson and Stahl's famous experiment in which they proved that DNA replication is semi- ... This method is commonly used to separate organelles and membranes found in cells. Organelles generally differ from each other ...
It is mass-produced using modern methods, and contains apple concentrate and sugar. It is fermented with a controlled yeast ... Strongbow also sponsored Leeds United Football Club from 2000-2003.[30] Strongbow reputedly paid £3 million a year for the ... Between 1998 and 2000 Strongbow sales rose by 30 per cent.[27] ... Production methods[edit]. Now-discontinued original United ...
... given the nature of the mass grave and DC-Cam's methods, which are more likely to produce an under-count of bodies rather than ... Wessinger, Catherine (2000). Millennialism, Persecution, and Violence: Historical Cases. Syracuse University Press. p. 282. ... The party's main area of growth was in the rural provinces and by 1965 membership was at 2000.[128] In April 1965, Sâr ...
"As far as the national tradition of this land is concerned, it never considers that with a change in the method of worship, an ... Moreover, they considered his method of "passive resistance" effeminate and humiliating.[42] ... Abdul Gafoor Abdul Majeed Noorani (2000). The RSS and the BJP: A Division of Labour. LeftWord Books. p. 60. ISBN 978-81-87496- ... Manfred B. Steger, Gandhi's dilemma: nonviolent principles and nationalist power, Published by Macmillan, 2000, ISBN 978-0-312- ...
Digit pair method of divisibility by 7 This method uses 1, −3, 2 pattern on the digit pairs. That is, the divisibility of any ... Pohlman-Mass method of divisibility by 7. The Pohlman-Mass method provides a quick solution that can determine if most integers ... Another method is multiplication by 3. A number of the form 10x + y has the same remainder when divided by 7 as 3x + y. One ... Pohlman-Mass method of divisibility by 7, examples: Is 98 divisible by seven? 98 -, 9 − (8×2) = 9 − 16 = −7 YES (Step A) Is 634 ...
... the offbeat/onbeat motif method is much more common."[61] With this type of guajeo motif, the three-side of clave is expressed ... Stewart, Alexander (2000). "Funky Drummer: New Orleans, James Brown and the Rhythmic Transformation of American Popular Music ...
The Bureau uses a method called imputation to assign a number of residents to addresses where residents cannot be reached after ... While nationwide the imputation method added .4% to the population, the rate in Utah was .2%. The state challenged that the use ... The state of Utah then filed another lawsuit alleging that the statistical methods used in computing the state populations were ... This automatic software data compiling method, called allocation, was designed to counteract mistakes and discrepancies in ...
... in next-generation sequencing and comparative genomics have enabled the development of robust and reliable molecular methods ... Pericone, Christopher D.; Overweg, Karin; Hermans, Peter W. M.; Weiser, Jeffrey N. (2000). "Inhibitory and Bactericidal Effects ... Until the year 2000 out of 60,000 yearly cases 40% and out of the 30,000 cases in the year 2015 30% of the infections were ...
a b (Bhattacharya 2000). *^ Oberlies, Thomas (2007). "Chapter Five: Aśokan Prakrit and Pāli". In Cardona, George; Jain, Danesh ... Bhattacharya 2000, pp. 16). *^ "Bengali". UCLA Language Materials project. University of California, Los Angeles. Retrieved ... Bhattacharya, T (2000). "Bengali". In Gary, J. and Rubino. C. Encyclopedia of World's Languages: Past and Present (Facts About ... Haldar, Gopal (2000). Languages of India. National Book Trust, India. ISBN 81-237-2936-7.. ...
Friedman, Daniel; Sunder, Shyam (1994), Experimental Methods: A Primer for Economists, Cambridge University Press. ... Nicholson, Walter (2000), Intermediate Microeconomics (8th ed.), Harcourt. *^ Bronfenbrenner, Martin (1955), "Two Concepts of ... Ritter, Lawrence S.; Silber, William L.; Udell, Gregory F. (2000). Principles of Money, Banking, and Financial Markets (10th ...
... or via Bayes penalty methods[43][44] or via I.J. Good's roughness method[45][46] may yield superior performance to expectation- ... Alternative methods of scanning include x-ray computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and functional ... Methods and Strategies of Research. 11th edition. Pearson. p. 151. ISBN 978-0205239399. .. ... Besides its established role as a diagnostic technique, PET has an expanding role as a method to assess the response to therapy ...
In field or mobile hospitals, the most common and sensitive diagnostic methods are real-time PCR and ELISA.[99] In 2014, with ... Diagnostic method. Finding the virus, viral RNA, or antibodies in blood[1]. ... are methods best used in the early stages of the disease and also for detecting the virus in human remains.[6][98] Detecting ... Other possible methods of transmission are being studied.[61] ... isolation of the virus with cell culture methods is often not ...
In 2000, Kruger and Dunning were awarded an Ig Nobel Prize, in satirical recognition of the scientific work recorded in "their ...
... which restricts certain hunting methods or taking or killing mallards.[133] ... Fergus, Charles; Hansen, Amelia (2000). Wildlife of Pennsylvania and the Northeast. Stackpole Books. ISBN 9780811728997. .. ... Moss, Stephen; Cottridge, David (2000). Attracting Birds to Your Garden. New Holland Publishers. ISBN 9781859740057. .. ...
Called the drift method, one locks the telescope in position and measures the time for the visible disc pass through the field ... Burnham, R. (2000). Great Comets. Cambridge University Press. p. 127. ISBN 9780521646000. . Retrieved 2017-01-08.. ...
In addition to improving tool making methods, the Middle Paleolithic also saw an improvement of the tools themselves that ... Lerro, Bruce (2000). From earth spirits to sky gods Socioecological Origins of Monotheism. Lanham MD: Lexington Press. p. 327. ... Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press, 2000. *^ Marx, Karl; Friedrich Engels (1848). The Communist Manifesto. London. p. 87 ... a b Bahn, Paul (1996) "The atlas of world archeology" Copyright 2000 The Brown Reference Group PLC ...
Cliff, N. (1996). Ordinal Methods for Behavioral Data Analysis. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. ISBN 0-8058-1333-0 ... van den Berg, G. (1991). Choosing an analysis method. Leiden: DSWO Press ... Luce, R. D. (2000). Utility of uncertain gains and losses: measurement theoretic and experimental approaches. Mahwah, N.J.: ...
During this time: the sites of the first extermination camps were selected, different methods of killing were tested, Jewish ... Although other methods of extermination, such as the cyanic poison Zyklon B, were already being used at other Nazi killing ... Bauer, Yehuda (2000). Rethinking the Holocaust. Yale University Press. p. 5. ISBN 0300093004. .. ... Braham, Randolph L. (2000). The Politics of Genocide. Wayne State University Press. p. 34. ISBN 0814326919. .. ...
Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website ...
Clinical Methods in Ophthalmology. [Mandal Debasish Chakravarty Arup Datta Himadri; Jaypee Brothers (Jaypeedigital)] -- This ... Clinical Methods in Ophthalmology. Author:. Mandal Debasish Chakravarty Arup Datta Himadri; Jaypee Brothers (Jaypeedigital). ... u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> Clinical Methods in Ophthalmology<\/span>@en<\/a> ;. \u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema: ... http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/1097211352<\/a>> # Clinical Methods in Ophthalmology<\/span>\n. \u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \n ...
This comprehensive collection of detailed affinity chromatography methods ... ... methods and protocols. [Pascal Bailon;] -- Annotation,p,Affinity chromatography is a powerful tool, with exquisite specificity ... methods a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Chromatography, Affinity--methods"@en ;. . ... schema:name "Methods in molecular biology ;" ;. . methods_in ...
Method Number Listing - Method Numbers 0000-2000. Method Numbers 0000-2000. Method No.. Method Name. ... NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods 4th Edition - Method Numbers 0000-2000. ... NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods (2003-154) - Method Num 0-2000 ...
METHODS: The growth charts were developed with data from five national health examination surveys and limited supplemental data ... methods and development.. Kuczmarski RJ1, Ogden CL, Guo SS, Grummer-Strawn LM, Flegal KM, Mei Z, Wei R, Curtin LR, Roche AF, ... The 2000 CDC growth charts were developed with improved data and statistical procedures. Health care providers now have an ... This report provides detailed information on how the 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth charts for ...
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NCHS Regression Bridging Method Bridging methodology developed by NCHS bridges the multiple-race group population counts to ... Although efforts were made to use the best available data and methods to produce the bridged-race estimates, the modeling ... More specifically, race bridging is a method used to make multiple-race and single-race data collection systems sufficiently ... The guidance document contains a detailed discussion of various bridging methods. Why does NCHS use bridged-race population ...
Although efforts were made to use the best available data and methods to produce these estimates, the modeling process ... so it was necessary to develop a bridging method so that race-specific vital rates could be calculated. It is also important ... The guidance document contains a detailed discussion of bridging methods. Vital rates are based on information obtained from ... File layout for the Bridged-Race Vintage 2004 Postcensal Files, 2000-2004 There is one file for the full Vintage 2004 ...
Methods for Treating Missing Data: The decennial census was the federal governments largest and most complex peacetime operati ... This motivates the methods described below.. Finally, the most important deficiency with the current method that the Census ... method optimized for that situation, and that method might be very sophisticated and computationally intensive, given the focus ... This method is also closely related to the methods described in Schafer (1997). Using a Bayesian ...
The Roles of Gender and Affirmative Action Attitude in Reactions to Test Score Use Methods1. Authors. *. Donald M. Truxillo,. ... Moreover, women with negative AA attitudes and men rated banding with preferences lower than the other two methods, but women ... methods: top-down selection. banding with random selection, and banding with preferences. In a study of 94 upper-division and ... graduate business students, AA attitude was associated with different reactions to TSU methods in terms of fairness and ...
Single-particle light interaction methods - Part 1: Light interaction considerations ... Determination of particle size distribution - Single-particle light interaction methods - Part 1: Light interaction ... 50.20 2000-06-22 Proof sent to secretariat or FDIS ballot initiated: 8 weeks ...
Read Research Methods in Applied Settings: An Integrated Approach to Design and Analysis now at Questia. ... Research Methods in Applied Settings: An Integrated Approach to Design and Analysis - 2000, Page 213 by Jeffrey A. Gliner, ... Research Methods in Applied Settings: An Integrated Approach to Design and Analysis. By Jeffrey A. Gliner; George A. Morgan , ... Publication information: Book title: Research Methods in Applied Settings:An Integrated Approach to Design and Analysis. ...
Incidence of AIDS cases in Spanish penal facilities through the capture-recapture method, 2000. Euro Surveill. 2003;8(9):pii= ... Incidence of AIDS cases in Spanish penal facilities through the capture-recapture method, 2000 ...
Test method for hardness of monolithic ceramics at room temperature ... Fine ceramics (advanced ceramics, advanced technical ceramics) - Test method for hardness of monolithic ceramics at room ...
Application of syntactic methods of pattern recognition for data mining and knowledge discovery in medicine Author(s): Marek R ... These methods allow to recognize and describe in a very efficient way the aforementioned lesions on images obtained as a result ... This method is particularly useful for specialist morphological analysis of shapes of selected organs of abdominal cavity ... Additionally, in order to support the analysis of the correct structure of renal pelvis a method using the tree grammar for ...
Standard Test Method for Coating Weight (Mass) of Metallic Coatings on Steel by X-Ray Fluorescence , aluminum zinc-coating, ... Standard Test Method for Coating Weight (Mass) of Metallic Coatings on Steel by X-Ray Fluorescence. SUPERSEDED (click for ... 1.1 This test method covers the use of X-ray fluorescence (XRF) for determining the coating weight (mass) of metallic coatings ... 1.2 This test method is applicable to the coatings covered by the following ASTM specifications: A591/A591M, A599/A599M, A623, ...
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Any method that undermines the skill and economic base is suitable. So is any method which destroys the sense of self and ... Methods of Genocide: The Abuses of the Soundscape in Extermination Gordon Rumson Other Voices, v.2, n.1 (February 2000) ... may actually be viewed as a coercive method of sensory reeducation to suit the methods of the imperialist nations. For as ... Methods of Genocide. The outright murder of large groups of people, the forced expulsions, the pogroms, are all vastly complex ...
Methods of test Determination of air barrier containment of laminar flow safety cabinets from SAI Global ... Buy AS 1807.22-2000 Cleanrooms, workstations, safety cabinets and pharmaceutical isolators - ... Cleanrooms, workstations, safety cabinets and pharmaceutical isolators - Methods of test List of methods and apparatus. ... Sets out the method for determining the containment by the air barrier as indicated by the integrity of the air barrier and the ...
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It aimed to identify the characteristics of the women most likely to use/not use modern methods of contraception in Malawi. The ... Who is Using Modern Methods of Contraception in Malawi? Evidence from the Malawi Demographic and Health Survey 2000. ... Who is Using Modern Methods of Contraception in Malawi? Evidence from the Malawi Demographic and Health Survey 2000. (2000) ... Who is Using Modern Methods of Contraception in Malawi? Evidence from the Malawi Demographic and Health Survey 2000. ...
Now that this group has optimized a new method by which to isolate and expand these hMSCs (please see companion paper by this ... The Cellometer Auto 2000 recorded cell viability, size, and count. The group was successful in its pursuit of a system that is ... Cellometer Auto 2000 participates in new method for manufacturing human umbilical cord mesenchymal stromal cells on an ...
... and free choice of different birth methods including waterbirths and other alternative birth methods. Our aim was to determine ... Other birth methods such as standing, supported by a rope, on the mat or on all fours are much less popular. The impact of our ... METHODS: In a total of 9,418 births between 1991 and 1997 [new birth concept KSF (KSF = Kantonsspital Frauenfeld)] , the ... CONCLUSION: Alternative birth methods and in particular waterbirths are very sought after. This popular pressure insisting upon ...
Laser Diffraction Methods General Principles - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. ... The resulting particle size distribution may be different from those obtained by methods based on other physical principles (e. ... Particle size analysisLaser diffraction methods Part 1: General principles. This Australian Standard was prepared by Committee ... Particle size analysisLaser diffraction methods, Part 1: General principles. The objective of this Standard is to provide ...
An SNJ 2000-2003 follow-up cohort consisting of 66,983 neonates was extracted from the nationwide, population-based health ... neurodevelopmental sequelae in comparison to a reference general-population neonate cohort of 12,579 individuals born in 2000. ... Methods. Databases. This retrospective, population-based study was conducted using data from the Taiwan NHIRD released by the ... 1, 2000 to Dec. 31, 201010. From this SSD, subjects born within 31 days between Jan. 1, 2000 to Dec. 31, 2003 were extracted as ...
... prevalence and mortality in children under 5 subnationally in Africa for 2000-2017, using surveys covering 1.46 million ... modelling shows an overall decline in morbidity and mortality due to lower respiratory infections in Africa from 2000 to 2017, ... Methods. Overview. For this study, LRIs were defined as diseases of the lower airways including pneumonia and bronchiolitis. ... A mixed‐methods evaluation of stakeholder perspectives on pediatric pneumonia in Nigeria-priorities, challenges, and champions ...
Methods. The birth certificates of all states (except California) and the District of Columbia for 2000 provided to Centers for ... METHODS. We analyzed birth certificates for all infants who were born in 49 states and the District of Columbia, representing ... In 2000, 15.1% of births to women who smoked at least 1.5 packs of cigarettes were LBW, compared with 9.7% of births to women ... In 2000, just 14% to 15% of Hispanic, non-Hispanic API, and black women who smoked smoked half a pack of cigarettes or more, ...
Methods. Study Design and Setting. We performed a serial cross-sectional analysis of pediatric hospitalizations in 2000, 2003, ... METHODS: We performed a serial, cross-sectional analysis of a nationally representative sample of children hospitalized with ... Trends in Bronchiolitis Hospitalizations in the United States, 2000-2009. Kohei Hasegawa, Yusuke Tsugawa, David F.M. Brown, ... Trends in deaths from respiratory illness in children in England and Wales from 1968 to 2000. Thorax. 2005;60(12):1035-1038pmid ...
METHODS: Data on age, sex, diagnosis, and surgical procedures were extracted from the Danish National Patient Register for the ... The overall annual incidence of meniscal procedures per 100,000 persons in Denmark doubled from 164 in 2000 to 312 in 2011 (i.e ... Large increase in arthroscopic meniscus surgery in the middle-aged and older population in Denmark from 2000 to 2011.. Thorlund ... Number of meniscal procedures in Denmark (all codes) divided into age groups for the years 2000-2011. Blue: men; red: women; ...
  • OBJECTIVE -To describe the changes in demographics, antidiabetic treatment, and glycemic control among the prevalent U.S. adult diagnosed type 2 diabetes population between the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) III (1988-1994) and the initial release of NHANES 1999-2000. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS -The study population was derived from NHANES III ( n = 1,215) and NHANES 1999-2000 ( n = 372) subjects who reported a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes with available data on diabetes medication and HbA 1c . (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Glycemic control rates declined from 44.5% in NHANES III (1988-1994) to 35.8% in NHANES 1999-2000. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Recently, the initial 1999-2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data have been released, providing an opportunity for further analysis. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • This report describes the changes in demographics, general drug treatment, and glycemic control among the prevalent U.S. adult diagnosed type 2 diabetes population between NHANES III (1988-1994) and NHANES 1999-2000. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The study population was derived from both the NHANES III (1988-1994) and the initial release of NHANES 1999-2000 ( 10 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • For our analysis, we defined the study sample as the 1,686 subjects in NHANES III (1988-1994) and the 533 subjects in NHANES 1999-2000 aged ≥20 years who responded "yes" to the question "Other than during pregnancy, has a doctor ever told you that you had diabetes or sugar diabetes? (diabetesjournals.org)
  • In 1999-2000 the odds of an elective section were lower for women at the bottom of the social class hierarchy than those at the top (RII = 0.87, 0.76-1.00) and also lower in women in the most deprived areas compared to those in the most affluent (RII = 0.85, 0.73-0.99). (biomedcentral.com)
  • A total of 859 9-year-olds were included in two cross-sectional studies conducted in 1999-2000 and 2005. (biomedcentral.com)
  • From 1999-2000 to 2005, there have been increases in 9-year-olds measures of adiposity even though the BMI did not change. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Data were collected in two cross-sectional studies: the European Youth Heart Study, carried out in 1999-2000 and the Physical Activity among Norwegian Children Study, carried out in 2005. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Previously released rates for 2000 and 2001 utilized 1990-based postcensal estimates of the July 1, 2000 and July 1, 2001 resident population for denominators(5-8). (cdc.gov)
  • Objectives: The 1990-1 British national probability sample survey of sexual attitudes and lifestyles (Natsal 1990) was repeated in 1999-2001 (Natsal 2000) to update population estimates of risk behaviours, and assess change over time. (bmj.com)
  • 3- 5 The survey was repeated (Natsal 2000, Natsal-II) in 1999-2001 6- 8 to update our knowledge of sexual lifestyles in the United Kingdom and to provide estimates of change over time. (bmj.com)
  • It contains events related to the event Between October 2000 and September 10, 2001: British Banking Company Profiles Fifteen 9/11 Hijackers as High-Risk Likely Terrorists . (historycommons.org)
  • This article published in Communicable Diseases Intelligence Volume 25, No 2, April 2001 contains the 2000 annual report of the Australian Gonococcal Surveillance Programme, which monitors the antibiotic susceptibility of Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolated in all States and Territories. (worldaidsday.org.au)
  • L'incidence des méningites à H. influenzae type b a diminué de près de 100 % après la mise en œuvre du programme national de vaccination en 2001, alors que celle des cas dus à S. pneumoniae et N. meningitidis est restée stable. (who.int)
  • Conclusions: The results are consistent with improved reporting accuracy for some sensitive behaviours in Natsal 2000, in line with greater social tolerance and improved survey methodology. (bmj.com)
  • The estimates on this file are based on Census 2000 and result from bridging the Vintage 2008 postcensal estimates with 31 race groups (the 31 race groups used in Census 2000 in accordance with the 1997 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for the collection of data on race and ethnicity) to the four race categories specified under the 1977 OMB standards ( 2 , 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The 2000 decennial census collected race and ethnicity data in accordance with the 1997 standards. (cdc.gov)
  • This report provides detailed information on how the 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth charts for the United States were developed, expanding upon the report that accompanied the initial release of the charts in 2000. (nih.gov)
  • The birth certificates of all states (except California) and the District of Columbia for 2000 provided to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics were analyzed. (aappublications.org)
  • Clinical caries examinations were conducted on 482 children between ages 3-5 from 37 Maryland Head Start Centers in 2000. (nih.gov)
  • Le taux d'analgésie rachidienne et péridurale a été maintenu à environ 13%, tandis que le taux moyen en Suisse a doublé et atteint 23% en 1997. (afar.info)
  • METHODS: In a total of 9,418 births between 1991 and 1997 [new birth concept KSF (KSF = Kantonsspital Frauenfeld)] , the changing pattern of birth methods and birth management in our clinic under the influence of the new birth concept were analysed. (afar.info)
  • Highlights of trends in OPD utilization from 1997 through 2000 are also presented. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Trends are based on NHAMCS data from 1997 through 2000. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • To improve diagnosis and care for patients with drug-resistant TB, we examined the epidemiology and risk factors associated with acquired drug resistance during 2000-2015 among TB patients in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. (cdc.gov)
  • Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database, we conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of patients treated from 2000-2009. (springer.com)
  • We describe trends in epidemiology, microbiological characteristics and treatment outcome in Denmark between 2000 and 2009. (ersjournals.com)
  • ong Liu ### October 24, 2000 Abstract In [6], the Ghost Fluid Method (GFM) was developed to capture the boundary conditions at a contact discontinuity in the inviscid compressible Euler equations. (psu.edu)
  • ABSTRACT We studied motorcycle-related injuries in Tehran from 23 August 1999 to 21 September 2000 in 6 hospitals. (who.int)
  • ABSTRACT We reviewed the epidemiologic features and trends for 771 cases of meningitis in Oman from January 2000 to December 2005. (who.int)
  • We used Bayesian geostatistical modelling to estimate LRI incidence, prevalence and mortality in children under 5 subnationally in Africa for 2000-2017, using surveys covering 1.46 million children and 9,215,000 cases of LRI. (nature.com)
  • Although childhood deaths due to LRIs are estimated to have fallen by more than 28.5% in Africa since 2000, this reduction is not geographically uniform, and LRIs still caused more than 432,000 deaths in children under 5 in 2017 (ref. 1 ). (nature.com)
  • During 2000-2017, a total of 170,878 active component service members underwent a first-occurring vasectomy, for a crude overall incidence rate of 8.6 cases per 1,000 person-years (p-yrs). (health.mil)
  • Crude annual vasectomy rates among service men increased slightly between 2000 and 2017. (health.mil)
  • During 2000-2017, 170,878 service men underwent vasectomies (rate: 8.6 cases per 1,000 p-yrs). (health.mil)
  • The 2000 CDC growth charts were developed with improved data and statistical procedures. (nih.gov)
  • Thus, beginning with the 2000 data year, the numerators and denominators for vital rates have incompatible race data. (cdc.gov)
  • The effectiveness of this treatment of nonresponse, in comparison with other methods currently available, and current techniques that might be used to estimate the variance of statistics derived from long-form-sample data in the presence of nonresponse, are examined in this appendix. (nap.edu)
  • 1 Item nonresponse is often amenable to more sophisticated missing data methods because the responses that are available may be used to help predict the missing values. (nap.edu)
  • The 4 separated years (2000, 2003, 2006, and 2009) of national discharge data included 544 828 weighted discharges with bronchiolitis. (aappublications.org)
  • In the period 1992-2000, the Public Health Laboratory Service Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre collected standardized epidemiologic data on 1,877 general outbreaks of Norovirus (formerly "Norwalk-like virus") infection in England and Wales. (cdc.gov)
  • The data we present were collected by routine surveillance of general outbreaks of infectious intestinal diseases in England and Wales from 1992 to 2000 ( 4 , 21 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The method is best combined with diagnostic plots of the data which display the spatial and intensity trends. (psu.edu)
  • The Australian Mycobacterium Reference Laboratory Network collected and analysed laboratory data on new diagnoses of disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in the year 2000. (health.gov.au)
  • Descriptive epidemiological analysis of longitudinal data on ACL reconstructions (July 2000 - June 2015) in the National Hospital Morbidity Database. (mja.com.au)
  • We reviewed refugee health assessment data and medical charts to evaluate the health status of HIV-infected refugees who arrived in Minnesota during 2000-2007, prior to this 2010 policy change. (mdpi.com)
  • The data presented in this report were collected from the 2000 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS). (unboundmedicine.com)
  • This retrospective study analyzed the data generated between 2000 and 2009 (10,013 Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria). (hindawi.com)
  • Methods: Repeated cross-sectional data from the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey of noninstitutionalized colorectal cancer-free Medicare enrollees ages 65 to 80 years interviewed in 2000 ( n = 8,355), 2003 ( n = 7,922), and 2005 ( n = 7,646). (aacrjournals.org)
  • The prevalence of gout in practice in the UK and Germany in the years 2000-5 was 1.4%, consistent with previous UK data for 1990-9. (bmj.com)
  • This was a population-based observational study of data from 50,994 adults aged 18 to 90 years who responded to the 2000 to 2005 Medical Expenditures Panel Surveys. (jabfm.org)
  • 22 Using national data from the 2000 to 2005 Medical Expenditures Panel Surveys (MEPSs), 23 linked with the National Death Index (NDI) through 2006, 24 this study examined the association between self-reported BMI and all-cause mortality among US adults and the degree to which BMI moderates mortality risk in diabetes and hypertension during up to 6 years of follow-up. (jabfm.org)
  • We analysed data from January 2000 to December 2010 inclusive. (bmj.com)
  • 2011) Mathematics download Bayes and Empirical Bayes Methods for Data and book discussion: a book across humanities. (sinnsoft.de)
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  • Schmittgen TSA HDAC clinical trial TD: Analysis of Relative Gene Expression Data Using Real-Time Quantitative PCR and the 2 -ΔΔ C T Method. (micrornaassay.com)
  • 4000 6000 Glauber - Nch ® 0.00 0.04 0.08 0.12 v2 {2} 0.00 0.02 0.04 v3 {2} 0 10 20 30 40 50 Centrality % 0 2000 4000 6000 KLN 0 10 20 30 40 50 Centrality % 0.00 0.04 0.08 0.12 0 10 20 30 40 50 Centrality % 0.00 0.02 0.04 Data points: ALICE Collaboration, Pb-Pb collisions at √ sNN = 2.76 TeV B. B. Abelev et al. (speakerdeck.com)
  • Published maps of global tree cover derived from Landsat data have indicated substantial changes in forest area from 2000 to 2012. (springer.com)
  • Using published global tree cover data, forest and forest interior areas were mapped in 2000 and 2012. (springer.com)
  • Longitudinal and cross-sectional study based on questionnaire data from 2000 and 2010, including approximately 1,600 Norwegian doctors. (springer.com)
  • There regards a download Transcription Factor Protocols (Methods in Molecular Biology Vol 130) 2000 with the identity you provide finding for, and it cannot exacerbate changed. (sahara-blues.com)
  • This European Standard, a part of the BS EN 12350 series, describes two methods for the determination of air content of compacted fresh concrete, made with normal weight or relatively dense aggregate of maximum size 63 mm. (bsigroup.com)
  • Determination de la teneur en air. (bsigroup.com)
  • Results 5770 fewer deaths from coronary heart disease occurred in 2010 than would be expected if the 2000 mortality rates had persisted (8042 rather than 13 813). (bmj.com)
  • Using information from general practice medical record reviews we examined trends in rates of different forms of diagnosed coronary heart disease in the British Regional Heart Study during 20 years of follow-up, from 1978-80 to 1998-2000. (bmj.com)
  • 2 Such guidance was not reflected in the National Service Framework (NSF) for coronary heart disease document published in 2000, and anecdotal reports suggest that this may have led to an inefficient use of resources. (bmj.com)
  • 1 In 2000, the AGSP also conducted a programme-specific quality assurance (QA) programme. (worldaidsday.org.au)
  • This study examines the impact of Eritrea's Roll Back Malaria Programme: 2000-2004 and the effects and possible interactions between the public health interventions in use. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Acin E , Gomez P. , Hernando P. , Corella I . Incidence of AIDS cases in Spanish penal facilities through the capture-recapture method, 2000. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • An SNJ 2000-2003 follow-up cohort consisting of 66,983 neonates was extracted from the nationwide, population-based health insurance database in Taiwan to survey the accumulative incidence of long-term (7-year) neurodevelopmental sequelae in comparison to a reference general-population neonate cohort of 12,579 individuals born in 2000. (nature.com)
  • The respective average incidence and mortality rates of SNJ in Taiwan were 7.1% (5.86-8.46%) and 0.39% (0.29-0.51%) between 2000 and 2003 10 . (nature.com)
  • To examine temporal trend in the national incidence of bronchiolitis hospitalizations, use of mechanical ventilation, and hospital charges between 2000 and 2009. (aappublications.org)
  • The incidence of appendiceal cancer increased by 54 % from 2000 (0.63 per 100,000) to 2009 (0.97 per 100,000 population). (springer.com)
  • Although appendiceal cancer is rare, the incidence increased significantly in the USA from 2000 to 2009. (springer.com)
  • In 2000 there was a peak of 548 new cases resulting in an incidence rate of 10.3 per 100 000 population, due to an increasing number of immigrants arriving from high-incidence countries [ 9 ]. (ersjournals.com)
  • Thus, the estimates in this file are based on Census 2000. (cdc.gov)
  • The 2000 census, continuing with a pattern typical of all recent censuses, experienced an appreciable amount of nonresponse for characteristics information from households, especially on the long form. (nap.edu)
  • To analyze the spatial distribution of the four-year cancer mortality rates in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil, from 2000 to 2015. (scielosp.org)
  • Ecological design study, in which mortality from neoplasia was analyzed, from 2000 to 2015, for the municipalities of Mato Grosso State. (scielosp.org)
  • Annual percentage change was calculated by the ratio of the linear regression coefficient to the cancer mortality rates in Mato Grosso State at the beginning of the analyzed period (2000 to 2003). (scielosp.org)
  • A method for regeneration-treatment of cartilage would be most useful, and could be performed at an earlier stage of a joint damage, thus reducing the number of patients needing artificial joint replacement surgery. (justia.com)
  • With such preventative methods of treatment, the number of patients developing osteoarthritis would also decrease. (justia.com)
  • Cells grown using these methods were used as autologous transplants into knee joints in patients. (justia.com)
  • In 2000, patients saw one or more physicians (i.e., staff physician, resident/intern, or other physician) at approximately 79 percent of visits. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The study population was trauma patients admitted to emergency rooms (ERs) of 6 general hospitals in Tehran during a 13-month period (from 23 August 1999 to 21 September 2000). (who.int)
  • My download The finite element method found she is loved seen for pages, but I discover her naturalism is n't read. (pamela-bradford.de)
  • Moreover, women with negative AA attitudes and men rated banding with preferences lower than the other two methods, but women with positive AA attitudes did not Results are discussed in terms of applicant reactions models, implications for organizations and future research. (wiley.com)
  • Print-tip loess normalization provides a well-tested general purpose normalization method which has given good results on a wide range of arrays. (psu.edu)
  • Objective To estimate the health-related economic costs attributable to smoking in China for persons aged 35 and older in 2003 and in 2008 and to compare these costs with the respective results from 2000. (bmj.com)
  • RESULTS: During 2000, an estimated 83.3 million visits were made to hospital OPDs in the United States, about 30.4 visits per 100 persons. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Results: The response rate (66.8% Natsal 1990, 65.4% Natsal 2000) and completeness of reporting abortion were unchanged (84% Natsal 1990, 86% Natsal 2000). (bmj.com)
  • We used the results of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2016 to describe the patterns of death and disability among those living in Greece from 2000 to 2010 (pre-austerity) and 2010 to 2016 (post-austerity), and compared trends in health outcomes and health expenditure to those in Cyprus and western Europe. (healthdata.org)
  • TY - JOUR T1 - National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2000 outpatient department summary. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • 7 This report describes the bacteriologically confirmed diagnoses for the year 2000. (health.gov.au)
  • Almost 80 laboratories performed culture for mycobacteria in 2000 (Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia Quality Assurance Program) with nearly all isolates of MTBC being referred to one of the five laboratories comprising the AMRLN for specific identification and drug susceptibility testing. (health.gov.au)
  • Between 2000 and 2010 a total of 4193 positive NTM isolates from humans were recorded. (bmj.com)
  • In 2000 the in vitro susceptibility of 3,468 isolates of gonococci was determined by standardised methods. (worldaidsday.org.au)
  • The sources of isolates remained relatively unchanged in 2000. (worldaidsday.org.au)
  • There were 3,547 gonococcal isolates referred to or else isolated in AGSP laboratories in 2000 and the distribution and site of infection of these isolates are shown in the Table. (worldaidsday.org.au)
  • The present study describes the clinical and molecular epidemiologic findings of NCL in Border Collies in Japan for 12 years, between 2000 and 2011. (hindawi.com)
  • This is a retrospective study conducted at the Microbiology section of the Medical Laboratories of the Saint George Hospital-University Medical Center in Beirut and covering ten years (2000 to 2009). (hindawi.com)
  • With nearly 40 years of air medical experience, Air Methods is the preferred partner for hospitals and one of the largest community-based providers of air medical services. (yahoo.com)
  • 2] Intrauterine methods require clinic visits for installation and removal or replacement (if desired) only once every several years (5-12), depending on the device. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a retrospective review for The Rolling Stone Album Guide (2004), Rob Sheffield dismissed No Guru, No Method, No Teacher as a "cranky self-imitation", with Morrison complaining about "how you don't understand him because you live in an 'Ivory Tower,' though he obviously hadn't listened to any music in years except his own. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antimicrobial susceptibility was tested by the disk diffusion method, and ESBL production was detected by synergy with third-generation cephalosporins and amoxiclav. (hindawi.com)
  • In addition, it examines the susceptibility profiles of E. coli between 2000 and 2009. (hindawi.com)
  • However, the increasing use of non-culture based methods of diagnosis has the potential to reduce the number of cultures available for susceptibility testing. (worldaidsday.org.au)
  • Of these, 3,468 (97.8%) remained viable for susceptibility testing in 2000. (worldaidsday.org.au)
  • Design Prospective cohort study covering the period 1978-80 to 1998-2000. (bmj.com)
  • This study was designed to estimate the relative risk of death associated with long-term exposure to PM 2.5 by region and age groups in a U.S. population of elderly, for the period 2000-2005. (nih.gov)
  • In the period 2000-2004, approximately 874,000 ITNs were distributed and 13,109 health workers and community health agents were trained on malaria case management. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The quantity and volume of doses of fluoroquinolone given over a six year period (2000 to 2005) were provided by the hospital pharmacy system, and the number of inpatient hospital bed days were extracted from central databases. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Screening tests for 63,416 women and over 90,000 pregnancies (more than 84.5% of pregnancies in the studied region) in the time period between 01.01.2000 and 31.12.2007 were analysed. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We included only women for whom it could be assumed that their last test in a given pregnancy was conducted in the period from 01.01.2000 to 31.12.2007. (biomedcentral.com)
  • not if you give the ' Download ' download The finite element method, this is also Search that the description enters to the pheromone with the opinion moved on it. (pamela-bradford.de)
  • The EQ Edge takes download The finite element method not is into what it focuses to change a first intimate autobiography, shame, quotient number, search, existence, concept or indeterminacy. (pamela-bradford.de)
  • We searched Medline (PubMed and Ovid), Cochrane, and DARE databases and restricted our search to articles published in English from January 2000 through December 2011. (cdc.gov)
  • Publication year: 2000. (questia.com)
  • BIRMNGHAM, Ala., Jan. 09, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Air Methods , the leading air medical service provider, announced today that it recently signed a contract with the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) that will allow third-year emergency medicine residents to assist the Alabama LifeSaver program with providing emergency care. (yahoo.com)
  • Air Methods ( www.airmethods.com ) is the leading air medical service, delivering lifesaving care to more than 70,000 people every year. (yahoo.com)
  • The estimated rate of MPS in the UK for the year 2000 was 1200 per million population. (bmj.com)
  • Methods: Taking Natsal 2000 (11 161 respondents) and Natsal 1990 (13 765 respondents aged 16-44) we compared the response rate, sample representativeness, reporting of abortion last year (relative to official statistics), and selected attitudes. (bmj.com)
  • Methods with little or nothing to do or remember, or that require a clinic visit less than once per year are said to be non-user dependent, forgettable or top-tier methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • For many hormonal methods, clinic visits must be made every three months to a year to renew the prescription. (wikipedia.org)
  • This Standard is identical with and has been reproduced from ISO 13320-1:1999, Particle size analysisLaser diffraction methods, Part 1: General principles. (scribd.com)
  • The resulting particle size distribution may be different from those obtained by methods based on other physical principles (e.g. sedimentation, sieving). (scribd.com)
  • We therefore aimed to examine temporal trends in bronchiolitis hospitalizations between 2000 and 2009 by using a nationally representative sample. (aappublications.org)
  • CONCLUSION : Les méthodes de naissance alternatives, en particulier les naissances aquatiques, sont très recherchées. (afar.info)
  • In this study, we analyzed the trends and drivers of antibiotic consumption from 2000 to 2015 in 76 countries and projected total global antibiotic consumption through 2030. (pnas.org)
  • Between 2000 and 2015, antibiotic consumption, expressed in defined daily doses (DDD), increased 65% (21.1-34.8 billion DDDs), and the antibiotic consumption rate increased 39% (11.3-15.7 DDDs per 1,000 inhabitants per day). (pnas.org)
  • Forest area loss alone from 2000 to 2012 underestimates ecological risks from forest fragmentation. (springer.com)
  • Email claims the easiest ebook spectral methods in matlab of keen g to issue for ongoing lymphomas. (4-buescher.de)
  • Special issue: Macrosystems ecology: Novel methods and new understanding of multi-scale patterns and processes. (springer.com)
  • IRS coverage increased with the combined amount of DDT and Malathion used rising from 6,444 kg, in 2000 to 43,491 kg, in 2004, increasing the population protected from 117,017 to 259,420. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This method is particularly useful for specialist morphological analysis of shapes of selected organs of abdominal cavity conducted to diagnose disease symptoms occurring in the main pancreatic ducts, upper segments of ureters and renal pelvis. (spie.org)
  • The main aims of this study are to describe the changes in the lifetime prevalence of suicidal feelings from 2000 to 2010 and the possible predictors of serious suicidal thoughts in 2010 among Norwegian doctors. (springer.com)
  • The objective is to assess global and regional changes in forest fragmentation in relation to the change of forest area from 2000 to 2012. (springer.com)
  • Intrauterine methods, implants and sterilization fall into this category. (wikipedia.org)
  • Attitudes were significantly changed in Natsal 2000 relative to Natsal 1990-for example, increased tolerance of male homosexual sex, OR (95% CI) 2.10 (1.93-2.29) men and 2.95 (2.74 to 3.18) women. (bmj.com)
  • The Wall Street Journal calls him "a longtime associate and supporter of President Bush's family who gave a benediction at the Republican National Convention in Philadelphia in August 2000. (historycommons.org)
  • Citation Query Statistical Methods for Identifying Differentially Expressed Genes in Replicated cDNA Microarray Experiments. (psu.edu)
  • Citation Query A boundary condition capturing method for poisson's equation on irregular domains. (psu.edu)
  • Of all visits made to hospital OPDs in 2000, private insurance (38.5 percent), Medicaid (22.1 percent), and Medicare (16.9 percent) were listed as the leading primary expected source of payment. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Analysis of the correct morphology of these organs is possible with the application of the sequential and tree method belonging to the group of syntactic methods of pattern recognition. (spie.org)
  • Additionally, in order to support the analysis of the correct structure of renal pelvis a method using the tree grammar for syntactic pattern recognition to define its correct morphological shapes has been presented. (spie.org)
  • We performed a serial cross-sectional analysis of pediatric hospitalizations in 2000, 2003, 2006, and 2009, by using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's (HCUP) Kids' Inpatient Database (KID), compiled by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (aappublications.org)
  • The feasibility of our approach is demonstrated by the analysis of stability and bifurcations of several discrete biological models using implementations of algebraic methods. (springer.com)
  • Graph-theoretic methods for the analysis of chemical and biochemical networks. (springer.com)
  • We begin by considering some methods of stability analysis based on the digraph of the Jacobian matrix. (springer.com)
  • Comprehensive Analysis Method for Vehicle/Pedestrian Collisions," SAE Technical Paper 2000-01-0846, 2000, https://doi.org/10.4271/2000-01-0846 . (sae.org)
  • A method of fatigue life estimation for the spot-welds of vehicle body structures by means of Finite Element Analysis (FEA) was studied. (sae.org)
  • FINDINGS: Our study shows that alternative birth methods are very popular. (afar.info)
  • The test method is intended to be used for "on-line" measurements of coating on continuous production lines. (astm.org)
  • In a prospective study, 1030 randomly selected French general practitioners completed questionnaires about three unselected outpatients with osteoarthritis, and about their own practice, knowledge, and agreement with the EULAR 2000 recommendations. (bmj.com)
  • Recommendations for management of knee osteoarthritis were developed in 2000 by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 2 and the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR 3 These recommendations, which particularly concern pharmacological and non-pharmacological first line therapeutic management of outpatients with knee osteoarthritis, are expected to be useful in improving practice. (bmj.com)
  • The collection includes classic, current, and state-of-the-art methods, all written by experts who have perfected them in their laboratories. (worldcat.org)
  • 2013) Mathematics download Bayes and Empirical Bayes Methods for and storytelling travel: syntactic, useful and inclusive. (sinnsoft.de)
  • Our aims in this prospective survey were, first, to document adherence to the EULAR 2000 recommendations about first line non-pharmacological and pharmacological therapeutic management of knee osteoarthritis in general practice in France, and second, to identify factors influencing adherence to these recommendations. (bmj.com)
  • Using a medical cost accounting method to calculate disease-specific medical costs, Chen et al 8 estimated the total medical costs attributable to smoking in 1988 in China at ¥2.3 billion (US$0.28 billion using the exchange rate of ¥8.2784 to US$1). (bmj.com)