2,6-Dichloroindophenol: A dye used as a reagent in the determination of vitamin C.Plasmodium falciparum: A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.Malaria, Falciparum: Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.Binding, Competitive: The interaction of two or more substrates or ligands with the same binding site. The displacement of one by the other is used in quantitative and selective affinity measurements.Protozoan Proteins: Proteins found in any species of protozoan.Plasmodium: A genus of protozoa that comprise the malaria parasites of mammals. Four species infect humans (although occasional infections with primate malarias may occur). These are PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; PLASMODIUM OVALE, and PLASMODIUM VIVAX. Species causing infection in vertebrates other than man include: PLASMODIUM BERGHEI; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; P. vinckei, and PLASMODIUM YOELII in rodents; P. brasilianum, PLASMODIUM CYNOMOLGI; and PLASMODIUM KNOWLESI in monkeys; and PLASMODIUM GALLINACEUM in chickens.Plasmodium vivax: A protozoan parasite that causes vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species is found almost everywhere malaria is endemic and is the only one that has a range extending into the temperate regions.Glucose Dehydrogenases: D-Glucose:1-oxidoreductases. Catalyzes the oxidation of D-glucose to D-glucono-gamma-lactone and reduced acceptor. Any acceptor except molecular oxygen is permitted. Includes EC 1.1.1.47; EC 1.1.1.118; EC 1.1.1.119 and EC 1.1.99.10.Glucose 1-Dehydrogenase: A glucose dehydrogenase that catalyzes the oxidation of beta-D-glucose to form D-glucono-1,5-lactone, using NAD as well as NADP as a coenzyme.PQQ Cofactor: A pyrrolo-quinoline having two adjacent keto-groups at the 4 and 5 positions and three acidic carboxyl groups. It is a coenzyme of some DEHYDROGENASES.Carbohydrate Dehydrogenases: Reversibly catalyze the oxidation of a hydroxyl group of carbohydrates to form a keto sugar, aldehyde or lactone. Any acceptor except molecular oxygen is permitted. Includes EC 1.1.1.; EC 1.1.2.; and 1.1.99.Acinetobacter calcoaceticus: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria found in soil and water. Although considered to be normally nonpathogenic, this bacterium is a causative agent of nosocomial infections, particularly in debilitated individuals.Acinetobacter: A genus of gram-negative bacteria of the family MORAXELLACEAE, found in soil and water and of uncertain pathogenicity.Diospyros: A plant genus of the family EBENACEAE, order Ebenales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida best known for the edible fruit and the antibacterial activity and compounds of the wood.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Proanthocyanidins: Dimers and oligomers of flavan-3-ol units (CATECHIN analogs) linked mainly through C4 to C8 bonds to leucoanthocyanidins. They are structurally similar to ANTHOCYANINS but are the result of a different fork in biosynthetic pathways.Powders: Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Soybeans: An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.Amino Acids: Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.Plant Growth Regulators: Any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions. There are three primary classes: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.Pantothenic Acid: A butyryl-beta-alanine that can also be viewed as pantoic acid complexed with BETA ALANINE. It is incorporated into COENZYME A and protects cells against peroxidative damage by increasing the level of GLUTATHIONE.Niacin: A water-soluble vitamin of the B complex occurring in various animal and plant tissues. It is required by the body for the formation of coenzymes NAD and NADP. It has PELLAGRA-curative, vasodilating, and antilipemic properties.Riboflavin: Nutritional factor found in milk, eggs, malted barley, liver, kidney, heart, and leafy vegetables. The richest natural source is yeast. It occurs in the free form only in the retina of the eye, in whey, and in urine; its principal forms in tissues and cells are as FLAVIN MONONUCLEOTIDE and FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE.Thiamine: 3-((4-Amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl)-5-(2- hydroxyethyl)-4-methylthiazolium chloride.Vitamin B Complex: A group of water-soluble vitamins, some of which are COENZYMES.Niacinamide: An important compound functioning as a component of the coenzyme NAD. Its primary significance is in the prevention and/or cure of blacktongue and PELLAGRA. Most animals cannot manufacture this compound in amounts sufficient to prevent nutritional deficiency and it therefore must be supplemented through dietary intake.Cereals: Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.Mentha spicata: A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE having characteristic flavor.Rhodococcus: A bacterial genus of the order ACTINOMYCETALES.Monoterpenes: Compounds with a core of 10 carbons generally formed via the mevalonate pathway from the combination of 3,3-dimethylallyl pyrophosphate and isopentenyl pyrophosphate. They are cyclized and oxidized in a variety of ways. Due to the low molecular weight many of them exist in the form of essential oils (OILS, VOLATILE).Cyclohexenes: Six-carbon alicyclic hydrocarbons which contain one or more double bonds in the ring. The cyclohexadienes are not aromatic, in contrast to BENZOQUINONES which are sometimes called 2,5-cyclohexadiene-1,4-diones.Acetone: A colorless liquid used as a solvent and an antiseptic. It is one of the ketone bodies produced during ketoacidosis.Mixed Function Oxygenases: Widely distributed enzymes that carry out oxidation-reduction reactions in which one atom of the oxygen molecule is incorporated into the organic substrate; the other oxygen atom is reduced and combined with hydrogen ions to form water. They are also known as monooxygenases or hydroxylases. These reactions require two substrates as reductants for each of the two oxygen atoms. There are different classes of monooxygenases depending on the type of hydrogen-providing cosubstrate (COENZYMES) required in the mixed-function oxidation.Food Preservation: Procedures or techniques used to keep food from spoiling.Color: The visually perceived property of objects created by absorption or reflection of specific wavelengths of light.Clostridium botulinum: A species of anaerobic, gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae that produces proteins with characteristic neurotoxicity. It is the etiologic agent of BOTULISM in humans, wild fowl, HORSES; and CATTLE. Seven subtypes (sometimes called antigenic types, or strains) exist, each producing a different botulinum toxin (BOTULINUM TOXINS). The organism and its spores are widely distributed in nature.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Hot Temperature: Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.Food Storage: Keeping food for later consumption.Food Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.Pentachlorophenol: An insecticide and herbicide that has also been used as a wood preservative. Pentachlorphenol is a widespread environmental pollutant. Both chronic and acute pentachlorophenol poisoning are medical concerns. The range of its biological actions is still being actively explored, but it is clearly a potent enzyme inhibitor and has been used as such as an experimental tool.Chloranil: A quinone fungicide used for treatment of seeds and foliage.Chlorophenols: Phenols substituted with one or more chlorine atoms in any position.Sulfhydryl Compounds: Compounds containing the -SH radical.Glutathione: A tripeptide with many roles in cells. It conjugates to drugs to make them more soluble for excretion, is a cofactor for some enzymes, is involved in protein disulfide bond rearrangement and reduces peroxides.Cysteine: A thiol-containing non-essential amino acid that is oxidized to form CYSTINE.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Glycolates: Derivatives of ACETIC ACID which contain an hydroxy group attached to the methyl carbon.Carbohydrate Epimerases: Enzymes that catalyze the epimerization of chiral centers within carbohydrates or their derivatives. EC 5.1.3.Methylphenazonium Methosulfate: Used as an electron carrier in place of the flavine enzyme of Warburg in the hexosemonophosphate system and also in the preparation of SUCCINIC DEHYDROGENASE.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Alcohol Oxidoreductases: A subclass of enzymes which includes all dehydrogenases acting on primary and secondary alcohols as well as hemiacetals. They are further classified according to the acceptor which can be NAD+ or NADP+ (subclass 1.1.1), cytochrome (1.1.2), oxygen (1.1.3), quinone (1.1.5), or another acceptor (1.1.99).Phenazines
... vitamin k 2 MeSH D02.455.849.291.523.500.922 --- vitamin k 3 MeSH D02.455.849.291.850 --- taxoids MeSH D02.455.849.291.850.777 ... 5-nitro-2-furyl)vinyl)-1,2,4-oxadiazole MeSH D02.640.600.290 --- fanft MeSH D02.640.600.308 --- furagin MeSH D02.640.600.313 ... 6-aminocaproic acid MeSH D02.241.081.193.467 --- hexanoic acids MeSH D02.241.081.193.467.700 --- penicillic acid MeSH D02.241. ... 2,3-diketogulonic acid MeSH D02.241.081.844.300 --- glucaric acid MeSH D02.241.081.844.322 --- gluconates MeSH D02.241.081.844. ...
2,6-Dichlorophenol indophenol, DPIP Formula: C12H6Cl2NNaO2 Formula Wt.: 290.09 CAS: 620-45-1 Characteristic: Dark green; water ... Synonym: 2,6-Dichlorophenol indophenol, DPIP. Formula: C12H6Cl2NNaO2. Formula Wt.: 290.09. CAS: 620-45-1. Characteristic: Dark ... Synonym: 2,6-Dichlorophenol indophenol, DPIP. Formula: C12H6Cl2NNaO2. Formula Wt.: 290.09. CAS: 620-45-1. Characteristic: Dark ... BBS Kits, Grades K-2. Buliding Blocks of Science Kits for Grades K-2 are resuable! Just reorder the fresh supplies you need and ...
Inhibition of Plasmodium falciparum DHODH assessed as reduction of 2,6-dichloroindophenol by competitive binding assay. ...
2,6-Dichloroindophenol sodium salt. CAS: 620-45-1 Molecular Formula: C12H6Cl2NNaO2 Molecular Weight (g/mol): 290.075 InChI Key ... CAS: 7553-56-2 Molecular Formula: I2 Molecular Weight (g/mol): 253.809 InChI Key: PNDPGZBMCMUPRI-UHFFFAOYSA-N Synonym: iodine, ... cyclohexadien-1-one sodium salt PubChem CID: 23697355 ChEBI: CHEBI:948 IUPAC Name: sodium;4-[(3,5-dichloro-4-oxocyclohexa-2,5- ... 1-hydroxy-2-methoxybenzene, pyroguaiac acid PubChem CID: 460 ChEBI: CHEBI:28591 IUPAC Name: 2-methoxyphenol SMILES: COC1=CC=CC= ...
2.. Beltrami AP, Urbanek K, Kajstura J, Yan SM, Finato N, Bussani R, Nadal-Ginard B, Silvestri F, Leri A, Beltrami A, Anversa P ... 6.. Tanaka M, Mokhtari GK, Terry RD, Balsam LB, Lee KH, Kofidis T, Tsao PS, Robbins RC (2004) Overexpression of human copper/ ... italica) sprouts and their effect on the induction of mammalian phase 2 enzymes. J Agric Food Chem 50:6239-6244CrossRefGoogle ... Rats were fed either control diet (sham and control groups) or a diet mixed with 2% dried broccoli sprouts for 10 days. After ...
2-thiobarbituric acid (CHEBI:33202) has role reagent (CHEBI:33893). N-bromosuccinimide (CHEBI:53174) has role reagent (CHEBI: ... 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (CHEBI:66932) has role reagent (CHEBI:33893). 2,6-dichloroindophenol (CHEBI:945) has role reagent ( ... 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (CHEBI:53063) has role reagent (CHEBI:33893). ...
4-(2-Pyridylazo)resorcinol monosodium salt monohydrate. ×Close. 4-(2-Pyridylazo)resorcinol monosodium salt monohydrate ...
The enantioselective synthesis of (R)- and (S)-3-amino-3,4-dihydro-1H-[1,8]naphthyridin-2-one. Tetrahedron: Asymmetry. 2010, 21 ...
Pathway (8) KEGG PATHWAY (8) Chemical substance (4) KEGG COMPOUND (4) Chemical reaction (2) KEGG REACTION (1) KEGG RCLASS (1) ... 2,6-Dichloroindophenol can act as acceptor. cf. EC 1.1.5.2, quinoprotein glucose dehydrogenase.. ... 2) RefSeq(pep) (1) PDBSTR (2) DNA sequence (16) RefSeq(nuc) (2) GenBank (9) EMBL (5) 3D Structure (2) PDB (2) All databases ( ... Gene (348) KEGG ORTHOLOGY (2) KEGG GENES (262) KEGG MGENES (73) RefGene (11) Protein sequence (14) UniProt (9) SWISS-PROT ( ...
Vitamin C, isoflavones, and total phenolic contents as well as antioxidant potentials (determined by 1,1-diphenyl-2- ... PT-2, PT-3, and PT-4, respectively. The yield increment was almost doubled in PT-3 and PT-4 than in the Indolbi treated sprouts ... Il-Doo Kim 1, Sanjeev Kumar Dhungana 2. , Yong-Sung Park 2. , Dong Joon Kim 3 and Dong-Hyun Shin 2,* ... After 1 min, 750 μL of 20% (w/v) aqueous Na2CO3 was added, and the volume was made to 5.0 mL with distilled water. After 2 h of ...
Xin Liu 1,†, Takeshi Ohta 2,†, Takeshi Kawabata 3 and Fusako Kawai 4,* ... 2. Results. 2.1. Comparison of Sequence Motifs and 3D Structure Models for NPEO-DH, OPEO-DH and PEG-DH. The amino acid sequence ... Table 2. Kinetic properties of the purified wild type and mutant NPEO-DHs Activity was measured by DCIP reduction, as described ... Table 2. Kinetic properties of the purified wild type and mutant NPEO-DHs Activity was measured by DCIP reduction, as described ...
Dichloroindophenol titrimetric method. Final action 1968. In AOAC Official Methods of Analysis, 15th edn (ed. K. Helrich), ... Roe, J.H. and Kuether, C. A. (1943) The determination of ascorbic acid in whole blood and urine through the 2,4- ... Ball G.F.M. (1994) Physicochemical methods (excluding HPLC) for determining thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, ... Physicochemical methods (excluding HPLC) for determining thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, pantothenic acid and vitamin ...
2. Dekker, R.F.H. Induction and characterization of a cellobiose dehydrogenase produced by a species of Monilia. J. Gen. ... 6. Hallberg, B.M., Henriksson, G., Pettersson, G. and Divne, C. Crystal structure of the flavoprotein domain of the ... 6-Dichloroindophenol can act as acceptor in vitro.. Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry ...
... dichloroindophenol or ferricyanide as electron acceptors, but at different rates. The greatest turnover of NADH was obtained ... Eur J Biochem. 1988 Sep 15;176(2):377-84.. Purification and characterization of a rotenone-insensitive NADH:Q6 oxidoreductase ... The purified enzyme can use ubiquinone-2, -6 or -10, menaquinone, ... With the natural ubiquinone-6 this value was 500 s-1. The NADH:Q2 oxidoreductase activity shows a maximum at pH 6.2, the NADH: ...
FIGURE 2. FIGURE 2. The production of iturin A in different strains of B. amyloliquefaciens in landy medium. LZ-5, wild-type of ... SMM (sucrose 171.14 g/l, MgCl2⋅6H2O 4.07 g/l, and maleic acid 2.32 g/l) was taken as a stabilizer. The protoplast was ... When the browning index was analyzed after 10 days of storage, there was an increase (p , 0.05) in this index at the 2-days ... A quantity of 5 ml juice was diluted with 2% solution of oxalic acid up to 100 ml and the mixture was centrifuged at 4,000 rpm ...
After 6 min, 0.4 mL of 10% AlCl3 was added. At 6 min, 4 mL of 4% NaOH was added to the mixture. Immediately, the solution was ... After 8 min, 2 mL of 7.5% aqueous Na2CO3 solution was added. The solution was then immediately diluted to a final volume of 25 ... 2, pp. 172-173, 1920. View at Google Scholar. *M. Abid, S. Jabbar, T. Wu et al., "Effect of ultrasound on different quality ... 2. Material and Methods. 2.1. Materials. Apples (Malus pumila Mill. cv. Red Fuji) at the physiologically mature stage with no ...
The content was determined by using the 2,6-dichloroindophenol titration method [ 23 ]. ... in Section 2. The CFD process technology is characterized by many disadvantages including complicated process steps, blanchiing ...
As a demonstration of the latter, we performed a simple inline aqueous-organic extraction of the pH indicator 2,6- ... dichloroindophenol. An aqueous solution of the conjugate base was mixed with hydrochloric acid in continuous flow to protonate ...
4S)-2-METHYL-2,4-PENTANEDIOL. C6 H14 O2. SVTBMSDMJJWYQN-YFKPBYRVSA-N. Ligand Interaction. ... C21 H27 N7 O14 P2. BAWFJGJZGIEFAR-NNYOXOHSSA-N. Ligand Interaction. ... 6-dichloroindophenol (DCIP). Therefore, these SDRs appear to contain a non-exchangeable NAD cofactor and may rely on an ...
Pathway (2) KEGG PATHWAY (2) Chemical substance (7) KEGG COMPOUND (7) Chemical reaction (2) KEGG REACTION (2) All databases (11 ... 2 reduced rubredoxin + NAD(P)+ + H+ = 2 oxidized rubredoxin + NAD(P)H [RN:R02000 R02002]. ... It reduces a number of electron carriers, including benzyl viologen, menadione and 2,6-dichloroindophenol, but rubredoxin is ...
6. Centering, scaling, and transformations: Improving the biological information content of metabolomics data article. 2006 ... 2. Screening and characterization of Lactobacillus strains producing large amounts of exopolysaccharides article. 1998 ... 6-Isopropenyl-3-methyl-2-oxo-oxepanone is, in vitro, hydrolysed to 6-hydroxy-5-isopropenyl-2-methylhexanoate, which is thought ... Chemicals/CAS: 2,6-Dichloroindophenol, 956-48-9; Alcohol Oxidoreductases, EC 1.1.-; carveol dehydrogenase, EC 1.1.1.243; ...
2. Characterization of cytochrome P450 isoenzymes in primary cultures of pig hepatocytes article. 1998 ... 6. Toxicogenomics of bromobenzene hepatotoxicity: A combined transcriptomics and proteomics approach article. 2003 ... Cells of strain BC are short rods that are 0.6 μm wide and 1 to 2 μm long, are motile, and stain gram negative. Strain BC grows ... 6-Isopropenyl-3-methyl-2-oxo-oxepanone is, in vitro, hydrolysed to 6-hydroxy-5-isopropenyl-2-methylhexanoate, which is thought ...
The linker can be an organic moiety such as a hydrocarbon chain (CH2)n, wherein n is an integer from 1 to about 20, or can ... Generally, the array will comprise from two to as many as 100,000 or more per cm2, depending on the size of the pads, as well ... The supporting substrate has a surface area of from about 0.01 μm2 to about 5 cm2 containing between 1 and 1 x 10s ... The apparatus of Claim 25, wherein the antibodies are monoclonal antibodies, or F(ab), F(ab)\ F(ab)2, or Fv fragments thereof. ...
The SB samples were titrated with the blue dye of 2.6-dichloroindophenol until reaching a pink color. ... Figure 2: CIE , , and indicate values of meat products; letters indicate significant differences (. ) between values. ... parameters in the CIE Lab system (Figure 2). The application of 3% of SBE to the recipe of sausages caused a significant (. ) ... 2. Materials and Methods. 2.1. Ingredients. The postrigor pork cuts (m. semimembranosus) and skinned backfat were obtained from ...
Fragment 1 covers 271 bp upstream of pqo and 628 bp of the 5′ end of pqo, fragment 2 the 3′ end of pqo from bp 741 and 49 bp ... TABLE 2. Specific activities of PQO and of the PDHC in cell extracts of different C. glutamicum strains grown in complex medium ... 2. Primer extension analysis of the transcriptional start site of the C. glutamicum pqo gene. The primer extension product is ... As was the case with PQO activity of C. glutamicum WT (Table 2), the CAT activities of C. glutamicum WT(pET-Ppqo) were lower ...
  • STD-NMR demonstrated binding of the potential substrate carveol, the potential product carvone, the inhibitor tricyclazol, and an external redox partner 2,6-dichloroindophenol (DCIP). (rcsb.org)
  • 2,6-Dichlorophenolindophenol (DCIP)-linked formate dehydrogenase activity has been demonstrated for the first time in the cell-free extract of a methylotrophic mycobacterium, Mycobacterium gastri MB19. (elsevier.com)
  • Reconstitution of the extracted lipids to the depleted membrane restores the ability to photo-oxidize P680 reversibly and to reduce DCIP, while stimulating O 2 evolution minimally. (elsevier.com)
  • Addition of the extracted proteins of masses 33-, 23- and 17- kDa produces no further stimulation of DCIP reduction in the presence of an exogenous donor like DPC, but does enhance this rate in the absence of exogenous donors while also stimulating O 2 evolution. (elsevier.com)
  • After thylakoid membranes were solubilized with SDS, the phtosystem II (PSII) particles with high 2, 6-dichloroindophenol (DCIP) photoreduction activity were isolated by SDGUC. (bvsalud.org)
  • To complement the amperometric investigations, spectrophotometric assays were carried out under homogeneous conditions in the presence of a 1-electron non-proton-acceptor, cytochrome c, or a 2-electron-proton acceptor, 2,6-dichloroindophenol (DCIP), respectively. (chromoscience.com)
  • After 10 days the isolated hearts were subjected to ischemia for 20 min and reperfusion for 2 h, and evaluated for cell death, oxidative damage, and Nrf2-regulated phase 2 enzyme activities. (springer.com)
  • Juurlink BH (2001) Therapeutic potential of dietary phase 2 enzyme inducers in ameliorating diseases that have an underlying inflammatory component. (springer.com)
  • The purified enzyme can use ubiquinone-2, -6 or -10, menaquinone, dichloroindophenol or ferricyanide as electron acceptors, but at different rates. (nih.gov)
  • Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most common enzyme deficiency of human erythrocyte affecting more than 400 million people worldwide. (scirp.org)
  • Furthermore, enzyme activities have been detected that catalyze the transfer of electrons from α-NADH to cytochrome c and to 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol and are seemingly localized in the microsomal and soluble fractions, respectively. (elsevier.com)
  • Lithium L-lactate CAS No.27848-80-2 is used as a lactate dehydrogenase substrate and can be used for the detection of L-lactate dehydrogenase enzyme activity and the synthesis of ethyl lactate and benzyl lactate. (yacooscience.com)
  • Chemistry: molecular biology and microbiology enzyme (e.g., ligases (6. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Pancreatic enzyme concentrate containing not less than 2 USP units of lipase, 25 of amylase and 25 of protease activities per mg. (druglead.com)
  • Although the sequence similarities of this family are not high and its members catalyze diverse reactions, this family of flavoenzymes contains a conserved ADP-binding motif (an approximately 30 amino acid region) in its N -terminus and the signature 1 and 2 consensus sequences [ 1 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • The device operates by allowing the activating composiiton, e.g. an organic acid such as citric acid, to diffuse through the increasingly thicker composite matrix to continuously contact the indicating composition, e.g. an acid-base dye indicator such as 2,2',4,4',4",-pentamethoxy triphenylmethanol, to produce a visually observable color change at the temperature being monitored. (google.com)
  • It is produced through using D-glucose fermentation of Pseudomonas fluorescens Kl005 or Arthrobacter globiformis K1022 to produce 2-keto-D-gluconic acid (or calcium salt), followed by being esterified, transformed and refined. (chemicalbook.com)
  • 6-Hydroxy-2,5,7,8tetramethylchroman-2-carboxylic acid (Trolox), Ethylenediaminetetracetic acid (EDTA), Nitroblue tetrazolium chloride (NBT) and Hydrogen peroxide ([H.sub.2][O.sub.2]) were purchased from Sigma Chemical Co. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • PIPES is the common name for piperazine-N,N′-bis(2-ethanesulfonic acid), and frequently used buffering agent in biochemistry. (yacooscience.com)
  • MES is the common name for the compound 2-(N-morpholino)ethanesulfonic acid. (yacooscience.com)
  • Exogenous H 2 S application maintained significantly higher levels of ascorbic acid, flavonoids, total phenolics, reducing sugars and soluble proteins, and lower levels of free amino acids in apple slices compared with controls. (ashs.org)
  • 3. Add 10 mL water to Beaker 1, 10 mL acetone to Beaker 2, 10 mL mineral oil to Beaker 3, and 10 mL acetic acid to Beaker 4. (whizwriters.com)
  • 6. A mutant protein comprising:an amino acid sequence obtained by deletion, replacement, addition, or insertion of at least one amino acid residue of a native-form amino acid sequence of SEQ. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 11. The mutant protein according to claim 2, wherein the mutant protein is one protein selected from(a) a protein having an amino acid sequence of SEQ. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 2. The method of claim 1 wherein the hyaluronic acid comprises a low molecular weight HA having a molecular weight of between about 300 K Daltons and about 500 K Daltons. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 12. The method of claim 1 wherein vitamin C derivative is L-ascorbic acid 2-glucoside (AA2G). (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • abstract = "Addition of BAS 13-338 (4-chloro-5-dim ethylam ino-2-phenyl-3(2H)-pyridazinone) to a suspension of chloroplast thylakoids caused an increase in the I level of chlorophyll fluorescence induction without affecting the F0 level and with a slight decrease in the Fmax level in a manner similar to the addition of DCMU to a thylakoid suspension. (elsevier.com)
  • Oxidation is almost completely inhibited by 1 mm cyanide, but is insensitive to 1 μm antimycin A, 1 μm rotenone, and 2 mm anytal. (elsevier.com)
  • Apple juice pasteurisation at 720-900 W for 60-90 s resulted in a 2-4 logs population reduction. (hindawi.com)
  • In fact, literature boasts of some 2-5% of all oxygen processed by ETC components has been shown to be siphoned off towards incomplete reduction and thus the formation of such ROS as O2. (freecontentweb.com)
  • You will also measure the rate of photosynthesis in isolated chloroplasts using the reduction of the dye 2,6-Dichloroindophenol (DPIP) as the measurement tool. (whizwriters.com)
  • In an attempt to see if frog blood vessels possess a plasma membrane electron transport system, the postcaval vein and aorta isolated from Rana tigrina were tested for their ability to reduce ferricyanide, methylene blue, and 2,6-dichloroindophenol. (ias.ac.in)
  • With a heating value of 27,200 J/g, 2,3-butanediol compares favourably with ethanol (29,100 J/g) and methanol (22,100 J/g) for use as a liquid fuel or fuel additive. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 6-Isopropenyl-3-methyl-2-oxo-oxepanone is, in vitro, hydrolysed to 6-hydroxy-5-isopropenyl-2-methylhexanoate, which is thought to be a dead-end metabolite. (tudelft.nl)
  • Acetoin, 2,3-butanediol, and their derivatives including a novel metabolite 2,3-dihydroxy-3-methylheptan-4-one, accounted for a total of about 96% of all the volatile products. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We examined the relationship between 2 markers of systemic inflammation (fibrinogen and C-reactive protein) and measures of outdoor air pollution estimated for each postcode sector of residence, using models incorporating information on pollutant emissions from multiple sources, and atmospheric dispersion and processing, in 3 representative cross-sectional studies of the English population in 1994, 1998, and 2003. (termsreign.ga)
  • The greatest turnover of NADH was obtained with ubiquinone-2 as acceptor (2500 s-1). (nih.gov)
  • Further investigations showed that H 2 S significantly reduced the accumulation of superoxide radicals, hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ) and malondialdehyde (MDA). (ashs.org)
  • Apple fruits fumigated with H 2 S contained significantly higher activities of ascorbate peroxidase (APX), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR), guaiacol peroxidase (POD) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), and lower activities of lipoxygenase (LOX), phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL), polyphenol oxidase (PPO), and protease relative to controls. (ashs.org)
  • In addition, an ssq1 mutant, which suppressed the metabolic defects associated with the absence of the copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (Sod1) was identified ( 6 ). (pnas.org)
  • Dihydro)carveol-grown cells of R. erythropolis DCL14 contained the following enzymic activities involved in the carveol and dihydrocarveol degradation pathways of this micro-organism: (dihydro)carveol dehydrogenase (both NAD+- and dichlorophenolindophenol-dependent activities), an unknown cofactor-dependent carvone reductase, (iso-)dihydrocarvone isomerase activity, NADPH-dependent dihydrocarvone monooxygenase (Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenase), ε-lactone hydrolase and an NAD+-dependent 6-hydroxy-3-isopropenylheptanoate dehydrogenase. (tudelft.nl)
  • They can be transformed to each other by 2,3-butanediol dehydrogenase in cells. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 6. The method of claim 1, wherein the donor:quinone dehydrogenase is a cellobiose dehydrogenase. (patentgenius.com)
  • These organelles are easily isolated using simple laboratory equipment and their metabolic activity readily measured colorimetrically with the dye 2,6-dichloroindophenol, which changes from blue to colorless when reduced by the electrons produced during respiration. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • All proteins of this family possess three FAD-binding domains and a substrate-binding domain in a contiguous sequence region [ 2 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • TCBQ is a potent alkylating agent, capable of forming covalent adducts with proteins ( 6 ) and with the nucleobases of DNA ( 7 ). (pnas.org)
  • Production of 2-Keto-L-Gulonate, an Intermediate in L-Ascorbate Synthesis, by a Genetically Modified Erwinia herbicola," Science, 230(11): 144-149, 1985. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The enantioselective synthesis of (R)- and (S)-3-amino-3,4-dihydro-1H-[1,aphthyridin-2-one. (alfa.com)
  • Camu-camu ( Myrciaria dubia ), acerola ( Malpighia emarginata ) and cashew apple ( Anacardium occidentale ) are recognized for its high vitamin C content (4, 5), being the camu-camu one of the richest sources of vitamin C ever studied (6). (alanrevista.org)
  • Corynebacterium glutamicum recently has been shown to possess pyruvate:quinone oxidoreductase (PQO), catalyzing the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate to acetate and CO 2 with a quinone as the electron acceptor. (asm.org)
  • Pyruvate:quinone oxidoreductase (PQO) (EC 1.2.2.2) catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate to acetate and CO 2 with a quinone as the physiological electron acceptor. (asm.org)
  • Primary cultures of rat neonatal cardiac myocytes were prepared, and NO 2 − /NO 3 − (NOx) in the culture media was measured using Griess reagent. (onlinejacc.org)
  • While broccoli sprouts increased total glutathione and activities of the phase 2 enzymes glutamate cysteine ligase and quinone reductase in liver, they did not affect these in ischemic-reperfused heart. (springer.com)
  • α-Acetolactate decarboxylase and acetoin:2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol oxidoreductase in XT15, the two key enzymes in acetoin metabolic pathway, were found to be both moderately thermophilic with the identical optimum temperature of 45°C. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In the last 30 years, studies of direct electron transfer (DET) reactions between redox enzymes and electrodes have attracted much interest to understand the background reaction mechanism [1, 2] and thus gain sufficient basic knowledge to be able to establish the basis and to improve the performance of third generation biosensors and enzymatic fuel cells (EFCs) [3-6]. (chromoscience.com)
  • Adsorption models of bio-dyes are proposed based on the 3D structures of PSI and LHCII and the size of particles and inner pores in the TiO 2 film. (nature.com)
  • Butyrylcholinesterase activity and trace element levels in different variants of coronary disease The reductions in sPLA(2)-IIA concentration suggest that A-002 might be an effective anti-atherosclerotic agent. (termsreign.ga)
  • Dehydration of 2,3-butanediol yields the industrial solvent methyl ethyl ketone, which can be hydrogenated to yield high octane isomers, suitable for high quality aviation fuels. (biomedcentral.com)
  • As a demonstration of the latter, we performed a simple inline aqueous-organic extraction of the pH indicator 2,6-dichloroindophenol. (rsc.org)
  • 2. The device of claim 1 wherein said composite matrix further comprises at least one barrier matrix layer laminated to said activator and indicator matrix layers. (google.com)
  • 6. The device of claim 1 wherein said indicator tape matrix layer and said activator tape matrix layers are both independently of variable thickness and said composite matrix is formed by directly laminating together said indicator and activator matrix layers. (google.com)
  • Product accumulation studies identified (4R)-carvone, (1R,4R)-dihydrocarvone, (4R,7R)-4-isopropenyl-7-methyl-2-oxo-oxepanone, (3R)-6-hydroxy-3-isopropenylheptanoate, (3R)-3-isopropenyl -6-oxoheptanoate, (3S,6R)-6-isopropenyl-3-methyl-2-oxo-oxepanone and (5R)-6-hydroxy-5-isopropenyl-2-methylhexanoate as intermediates in the (4R)carveol degradation pathway. (tudelft.nl)
  • which is subsequently oxidized to 3-isopropenyl-6-oxoheptanoate, thereby linking the (dihydro)carveol degradation pathways to the limonene degradation pathway of this micro-organism. (tudelft.nl)
  • It was also established that metal ions are powerful HO-inducing agents and cobalt chloride (CoCl 2 ) was the first metal ion identified with an inducing property. (chemweb.com)
  • In this test, we discover that both CoCl 2 and an inducer of HO-1, hemin, could lead to the promotion of lateral root development, as well as the induction of HO-1 protein expression, HO activity, or LeHO - 1/2 transcripts, in lateral root initiation zone of tomato seedlings. (chemweb.com)
  • Gerard and Roberts [ 6 ] found that heating apple mash with microwave could improve juice yield and quality. (hindawi.com)
  • Mash the solution for 2 minutes. (whizwriters.com)
  • 2. The mutant protein according to claim 1, wherein the mutant protein has a modified conformation such that hydrophobicity in the vicinity of a coenzyme-binding site is higher than that of a wild-type protein. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Here bio-dyes of A. platensis photosystem I (PSI) and spinach light-harvesting complex II (LHCII) are spontaneously sensitized on three types of designed TiO 2 films, to assess the effects of pigment-protein complex on the performance of bio-dye sensitized solar cells (SSC). (nature.com)
  • State Intellectual Property Office of the P. The total color difference was used to characterize the variation of in products color during processing by applying the following equation: The prepared apple slices jurna, in Section 2. (no-pasaran.mobi)
  • 2 Department of Fruit, Vegetable and Nutraceutical Technology, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, 37 Chełmońskiego Str. (hindawi.com)
  • Comments and suggestions on these draft entries should be sent to Dr Andrew McDonald (Department of Biochemistry, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland). (qmul.ac.uk)