2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid: An herbicide with irritant effects on the eye and the gastrointestinal system.Herbicides: Pesticides used to destroy unwanted vegetation, especially various types of weeds, grasses (POACEAE), and woody plants. Some plants develop HERBICIDE RESISTANCE.2-Methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic Acid: A powerful herbicide used as a selective weed killer.Biodegradation, Environmental: Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid: An herbicide with strong irritant properties. Use of this compound on rice fields, orchards, sugarcane, rangeland, and other noncrop sites was terminated by the EPA in 1985. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Alcaligenes: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, motile bacteria that occur in water and soil. Some are common inhabitants of the intestinal tract of vertebrates. These bacteria occasionally cause opportunistic infections in humans.Naphthaleneacetic Acids: Naphthalene derivatives containing the -CH2CCO2H radical at the 1-position, the 2-position, or both. Compounds are used as plant growth regulators to delay sprouting, exert weed control, thin fruit, etc.Cupriavidus necator: A gram-negative, facultatively chemoautotrophic bacterium, formerly called Wautersia eutropha, found in water and soil.Chlorobenzoates: Benzoic acid or benzoic acid esters substituted with one or more chlorine atoms.Herbicide Resistance: Diminished or failed response of PLANTS to HERBICIDES.Delftia acidovorans: A species of gram-negative rod-shaped bacteria found ubiquitously and formerly called Comamonas acidovorans and Pseudomonas acidovorans. It is the type species of the genus DELFTIA.Indoleacetic Acids: Acetic acid derivatives of the heterocyclic compound indole. (Merck Index, 11th ed)Chlorophenols: Phenols substituted with one or more chlorine atoms in any position.Glycolates: Derivatives of ACETIC ACID which contain an hydroxy group attached to the methyl carbon.Propanil: A chlorinated anilide that is used as an herbicide.Plant Growth Regulators: Any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions. There are three primary classes: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Soil Pollutants: Substances which pollute the soil. Use for soil pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.Pesticides: Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.Plant Somatic Embryogenesis Techniques: The process of embryo initiation in culture from vegetative, non-gametic, sporophytic, or somatic plant cells.Gram-Negative Aerobic Bacteria: A large group of aerobic bacteria which show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method. This is because the cell walls of gram-negative bacteria are low in peptidoglycan and thus have low affinity for violet stain and high affinity for the pink dye safranine.Mixed Function Oxygenases: Widely distributed enzymes that carry out oxidation-reduction reactions in which one atom of the oxygen molecule is incorporated into the organic substrate; the other oxygen atom is reduced and combined with hydrogen ions to form water. They are also known as monooxygenases or hydroxylases. These reactions require two substrates as reductants for each of the two oxygen atoms. There are different classes of monooxygenases depending on the type of hydrogen-providing cosubstrate (COENZYMES) required in the mixed-function oxidation.Gravitropism: The directional growth of organisms in response to gravity. In plants, the main root is positively gravitropic (growing downwards) and a main stem is negatively gravitropic (growing upwards), irrespective of the positions in which they are placed. Plant gravitropism is thought to be controlled by auxin (AUXINS), a plant growth substance. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Oxygenases: Oxidases that specifically introduce DIOXYGEN-derived oxygen atoms into a variety of organic molecules.
*  Glyphosate
The first is to react iminodiacetic acid with phosphorous acid and hydrochloric acid (sometimes formed in situ by addition of ... and like all amino acids, exists in different ionic states depending on pH. Both the phosphonic acid and carboxylic acid ... Iminodiacetic acid is usually prepared on-site, such as by reaction of chloroacetic acid with ammonia and calcium hydroxide to ... The chloroacetic acid approach is less efficient than other iminodiacetic acid approaches, owing to the production of calcium ...
*  2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid
D-Dichlorophenoxy Acetic Acid". International Journal of Current Research and Review. 8 (2): 65. CDC - NIOSH Pocket Guide to ... D-Dichlorophenoxy Acetic Acid". International Journal of Current Research and Review. 8 (2): 65-73. NIOSH. Updated June 2014. ... The search for an acid with a longer half life, i.e. a metabolically and environmentally more stable compound, led to 2,4- ... dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T), both phenoxy herbicides and analogs of IAA ...
*  Marsilea minuta
2-3: 123-124. Retrieved 25 August 2017. Sarker, Sujan Kumer; Hossain, A.B.M. Enayet (June 2009). "Pteridophytes of Greater ... 5: 1-4. Retrieved 29 August 2017. Marsilea minuta at iNaturalist Media related to Marsilea minuta at Wikimedia Commons Data ... The leaflets are 0.8-1.7 cm by 1.2-2 cm, mostly glabrous, cuneate or flabellate. The leaves in water are typically not floating ... cinosulfuron, 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, oxyfluorfen, and paraquat. Otherwise it can tolerate high levels of organic ...
*  Daphne Osborne
In the 1970s, she was among the earliest to attempt to isolate nucleic acids from ancient seeds, finding that only very short ... 1965) Regulation of protein and nucleic acid synthesis by gibberellin during leaf senescence. Nature 207: 1176-1177 Osborne DJ ... 1962) Effect of kinetin on protein & nucleic acid metabolism in Xanthium leaves during senescence. Plant Physiology 37: 595-602 ... rather than abscisic acid, is the major regulator of senescence (ageing) and abscission (shedding of parts such as leaves). She ...
*  TauD protein domain
The 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid/alpha-ketoglutarate dioxygenase from Burkholderia sp. (strain RASC) also belongs to this ... In molecular biology, TauD refers to a protein domain that in many enteric bacteria is used to break down taurine (2- ... aminoethanesulphonic acid) as a source of sulphur under stress conditions. In essence, they are domains found in enzymes that ... TfdA from Ralstonia eutropha (Alcaligenes eutrophus) is a 2,4-D monooxygenase. This structure has a number of alpha helices and ...
*  Variovorax paradoxus
Dense biofilms of V. paradoxus can be grown in M9 medium with carbon sources including d-sorbitol, glucose, malic acid, ... thiodipropionic acid and hence the production of polythioesters". Journal of Biotechnology. 209: 85-95. doi:10.1016/j.jbiotec. ... thiodipropionic acid respectively. Found ubiquitously, V. paradoxus has been isolated from a diverse range of environments ... mannitol and sucrose and casamino acids. Production of exopolysaccharide was hypothesized to be a controlling factor in biofilm ...
*  Horizontal gene transfer
Nucleic Acids Res. 42 (16): 10618-10631. doi:10.1093/nar/gku734. PMC 4176335 . PMID 25120263. Chen I, Dubnau D (2004). "DNA ... 4 (8): 801-811. doi:10.1093/gbe/evs055. La Scola B, Desnues C, Pagnier I, Robert C, Barrassi L, Fournous G, Merchat M, Suzan- ... 82 (4): 789-91. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2011.07860.x. PMID 21992544. Ajon M, Fröls S, van Wolferen M, Stoecker K, Teichmann D, ... 4 (6): 1102-15. doi:10.1128/EC.4.6.1102-1115.2005. PMC 1151995 . PMID 15947202. Kondo N, Nikoh N, Ijichi N, Shimada M, Fukatsu ...
*  Rainbow Herbicides
5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T) yielded a more potent herbicide. It was found that 2,4,5-T was contaminated with 2,3,7, ... cacodylic acid (Ansar 138) and its sodium salt sodium cacodylate) used from 1962-71 in powder and water solution Agent White ( ... Tordon 101): 21.2% (acid weight basis) triisopropanolamine salts of 2,4-D and 5.7% picloram used 1966-71 Agent Orange or ... Agent Orange III: 66.6% n-butyl 2,4-D and 33.3% n-butyl ester 2,4,5-T. Enhanced Agent Orange, Orange Plus, or Super Orange (SO ...
*  Scopolin
Steck, Warren (1967). "The Biosynthetic Pathway from Caffeic Acid to Scopolin in Tobacco Leaves". Canadian Journal of ... 69 (4): 810-813. doi:10.1104/pp.69.4.810. PMC 426310 . PMID 16662301. Steck, Warren (1967). "Biosynthesis of Scopolin in ... Hino F, Okazaki M and Miura Y (1982). "Effect of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid on glucosylation of scopoletin to scopolin in ...
*  Somatic embryogenesis
Abscisic acid has been reported to induce somatic embryogenesis in seedlings. After callus formation, culturing on a low auxin ... Gradual removal of auxin and cytokinin and introduction of abscisic acid (ABA) will allow an embryo to form. Using somatic ... as various polysaccharides, amino acids, growth regulators, vitamins, low molecular weight compounds and polypeptides. Several ... 2, p. 85-101. Toonen, M. A. J., Hendriks, T., Schmidt, E. D. L., Verhoeven, H. A., van Kammen, A., and De Vries, S. C. 1994. ...
*  Scopoletin glucosyltransferase
69 (4): 810-813. doi:10.1104/pp.69.4.810. PMC 426310 . PMID 16662301. Betry, P.; Fliniaux, M.A.; Mackova, M.; Gillet, F.; Macek ... 146 (4): 503-507. doi:10.1016/S0176-1617(11)82015-8. ISSN 0176-1617. Molecular and Cellular Biology portal. ... Hino F, Okazaki M, Miura Y (1982). "Effect of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid on glucosylation of scopoletin to scopolin in ...
*  Pesticide application
An example is 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, which will injure broadleaf weeds (dicots) but leave behind grasses (monocots). ... although usually not much more than 1 or 2 meters high. In addition, these sprayers often have very wide booms in order to ...
*  Botany
... including synthesising all their fatty acids, and most amino acids. The fatty acids that chloroplasts make are used for many ... Abscisic acid (ABA) occurs in all land plants except liverworts, and is synthesised from carotenoids in the chloroplasts and ... permanent dead link] Schnurr, J. A.; Shockey, J. M.; De Boer, G. J.; Browse, J. A. (2002). "Fatty Acid Export from the ... For example, the pain killer aspirin is the acetyl ester of salicylic acid, originally isolated from the bark of willow trees, ...
*  Chromotropic acid
... when chromotropic acid in 75% sulfuric acid reacts with formaldehyde. The colouration is specific to this aldehyde and is not ... Chromotropic acid has the formula is (HO)2C10H4(SO3H)2. It can be used for as a reagent in the quantitative determination of ... Chromotropic acid is also used for testing of presence of formaldehyde. The usefulness of this reagent in quantitative ... produced from other organic species such as ketones and carboxylic acids. Safety (MSDS) data Dawson, R.M.C., et al., Data for ...
*  C8H6Cl2O3
The molecular formula C8H6Cl2O3 (molar mass: 221.41 g/mol) may refer to: Dicamba, a herbicide 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, a ...
*  TLR4
34 (2): 168-73. doi:10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.2012.02.013. PMID 22776604. Lan X, Han X, Li Q, Li Q, Gao Y, Cheng T, Wan J, Zhu W ... Toll-like receptor 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TLR4 gene. TLR4 is a transmembrane protein, member of the ... Toll-like receptor 4 has been shown to be important for the long-term side-effects of opioid analgesic drugs. Various μ-opioid ... 115 (1-2): 50-9. doi:10.1016/j.pain.2005.02.003. PMID 15836969. Mohan S, Davis RL, DeSilva U, Stevens CW (October 2010). "Dual ...
*  Cyperus rotundus
... excreting acids that eat away at the teeth). Several pharmacologically active substances have been identified in C. rotundus: α ... 90 (2-3): 195-204. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2003.09.042. PMID 15013181. Manish V. Patel; et al. (October 2010). "Effects of Ayurvedic ... The plant does not tolerate shading and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) slows its growth in pastures and mulch crops. " ... 31 (4): 478-481. doi:10.4103/0974-8520.82046. PMC 3202252 . PMID 22048543. Aegineta Paulus (translation and commentary by ...
*  Rice
This process, called germinated brown rice (GBR), activates enzymes and enhances amino acids including gamma-aminobutyric acid ... Jianguo G. Wu, Chunhai Shia and Xiaoming Zhanga (2003). "Estimating the amino acid composition in milled rice by near-infrared ... 2003). "Biosynthesis of 5-alkylresorcinol in rice: incorporation of a putative fatty acid unit in the 5-alkylresorcinol carbon ... it does not contain all of the essential amino acids in sufficient amounts for good health, and should be combined with other ...
*  Aspergillus penicillioides
... containing acetic acid, propionic acid, isobutyric acid, n-butyric acid, isovaleric acid, and n-valeric acid. When Aspergillus ... However,A. penicillioides can increase free fatty acid content in the oil and produce bad taste. The fungus growing on raw ... Aspergillus penicillioides is used to treat petrochemical effluents with short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) ... 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is a common herbicide for controlling weeds, and it has been reported to be a mutagen. A ...
*  Pesticide
Prominent families of herbicides include phenoxy and benzoic acid herbicides (e.g. 2,4-D), triazines (e.g., atrazine), ureas (e ... Herbicides became common in the 1960s, led by "triazine and other nitrogen-based compounds, carboxylic acids such as 2,4- ... dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, and glyphosate". The first legislation providing federal authority for regulating pesticides was ... The phenoxy and benzoic acid herbicides function similar to plant growth hormones, and grow cells without normal cell division ...
*  2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid
IARC considers the chlorophenoxyacetic acids group of chemicals as possibly carcinogenic to humans. In 1963 a production vessel ... Intentional overdoses and unintentional high dose occupational exposures to chlorophenoxy acid herbicides have resulted in ... 5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (also known as 2,4,5-T), a synthetic auxin, is a chlorophenoxy acetic acid herbicide used to ... 2,4,5-T has since largely been replaced by dicamba and triclopyr. Human health effects from 2,4,5-T at low environmental doses ...
*  Tribulus terrestris
Dicamba and 2,4-D will cause harm to most broad-leaved plants, so the user should take care to avoid over-application. They can ... The flowers are 4-10 mm (0.16-0.39 in) wide, with five lemon-yellow petals, five sepals, and ten stamens. In Southern ... The nutlets are hard and bear two to four sharp spines, 10 mm (0.39 in) long and 4-6 mm (0.16-0.24 in) broad point-to-point. ... 9 (2): 257-65. doi:10.1089/10755530360623374. PMID 12804079. Hong CH, Hur SK, Oh OJ, Kim SS, Nam KA, Lee SK (2002). "Evaluation ...
*  Pesticides in New Zealand
5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T) ceased in New Zealand in 1987 and it is no longer sold in New Zealand. 2,4- ... Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is used in New Zealand and the Pesticides Board has decided not to prohibit the use of the ...
*  Phenoxy herbicide
Chemically, they are carboxylic acids, typically applied in an ester or salt form. First introduced in 1946, these herbicides ... Phenoxy herbicides (or "phenoxies") are a family of chemicals related to the growth hormone indoleacetic acid (IAA). When ... 5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T). 2,4,5-T was later found to be inherently contaminated with the dioxin 2,3,7,8- ... 2,4-D may also contain dioxin impurities, depending on the production method. Agent Orange Western People Thistle and rush ...
*  Poison
... but is chemically converted to toxic formaldehyde and formic acid in the liver. Many drug molecules are made toxic in the liver ... it is also not recommended for ingestion of corrosive chemicals such as acids and alkalis. Cathartics were postulated to ... Indeed, 2,4-D is not a poison, but classified as "harmful" (EU). Many substances regarded as poisons are toxic only indirectly ... 42 (2): 133-143. doi:10.1081/CLT-120037421. PMID 15214617. Vale JA, Kulig K; American Academy of Clinical Toxicology; European ...
*  List of DuPont Experimental Station inventions
Diamine dicarboxylic acid salt' issued and U.S. Patent 2,130,948 'Synthetic fibers', all issued 20 September 1938 D. Tanner, J ... Pedersen Plenish high oleic acid soybean oil Building 356 Potassium titanyl phosphate frequency doubling crystals for eye and ... 328 Nylon intermediates TiPure Titanium dioxide process Ink jet ink technology H2SO4 process New Harvest omega-3 fatty acid ... Reliance herbicides Londax Preemergent herbicides Glean herbicides Accent post-emergent corn herbicide Plenish high oleic acid ...
*  Enlist Weed Control System
2,4-D was one of the main ingredients of Agent Orange, a defoliant used during the Vietnam War that was blamed for many health ... 2,4-D is volatile and by EPA assessment is a hazardous air pollutant that is difficult to contain.[citation needed] According ... Dow added chemicals to the mixture in what it termed "Colex-D technology". 2,4-D is one of the most widely used herbicides in ... As of April 2014 maize and soybeans resistant to 2,4-D and glyphosate had been approved in Canada, and in September 2014 the ...
24-D - 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | AcronymFinder  24-D - 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | AcronymFinder
How is 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid abbreviated? 24-D stands for 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid. 24-D is defined as 2,4- ... Dichlorophenoxyacetic-Acid-(24_D).html',24-D,/a,. Citations. *MLA style: "24-D." Acronym Finder. 2018. AcronymFinder.com 20 Jan ... Dichlorophenoxyacetic-Acid-(24_D).html. *APA style: 24-D. (n.d.) Acronym Finder. (2018). Retrieved January 20 2018 from https ... Dichlorophenoxyacetic-Acid-(24_D).html. *Chicago style: Acronym Finder. S.v. "24-D." Retrieved January 20 2018 from https://www ...
more infohttps://www.acronymfinder.com/2%2C4_Dichlorophenoxyacetic-Acid-
914. Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2,4- (Pesticide residues in food: 1996 evaluations Part II Toxicological)  914. Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2,4- (Pesticide residues in food: 1996 evaluations Part II Toxicological)
The NOAEL was 15 mg/kg bw per day of the acid for maternal toxicity and 30 mg/kg bw per day of the acid for developmental ... Rodwell, D.E. (1985) A dietary two-generation reproduction study in Fischer 344 rats with dichlorophenoxy acetic acid. ... The NOAEL was 10 mg acid-equivalent per kg bw per day for dermal toxicity and 1000 mg acid-equivalent per kg bw per day (the ... The overall NOAELs were approximately 10 mg acid-equivalent per kg bw per day for maternal toxicity and 50 mg acid-equivalent ...
more infohttp://www.inchem.org/documents/jmpr/jmpmono/v96pr04.htm
SW-846 Test Method 4015: Screening for 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid by Immunoassay | Hazardous Waste Test Methods / SW-846 |...  SW-846 Test Method 4015: Screening for 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid by Immunoassay | Hazardous Waste Test Methods / SW-846 |...
SW-846 Test Method 4015: Screening for 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid by Immunoassay. This document explains the procedure for ... Method 4015: Screening for 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid by Immunoassay, part of Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, ... 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) [Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry 94-75-7] is likely to be present. ... screening soils and aqueous matrices to determine whether 2, ...
more infohttps://www.epa.gov/hw-sw846/sw-846-test-method-4015-screening-24-dichlorophenoxyacetic-acid-immunoassay
Comparative uptake and metabolism of 2-[14C]-2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid in callus cultures of monocot (Dioscorea spp.) and...  Comparative uptake and metabolism of 2-[14C]-2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid in callus cultures of monocot (Dioscorea spp.) and...
VIANA, Ana Maria and MANTELL, Sinclair Hugh. Comparative uptake and metabolism of 2-[14C]-2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid in ... Release of 2,4-D from tobacco callus cells upon their transfer to 2,4-D-free medium was detected and the implications of this ... Comparative uptake and metabolism of 2-[14C]-2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid in callus cultures of monocot (Dioscorea spp.) and ... Keywords : Dioscorea spp.; Nicotiana tabacum; plant tissue culture; 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D)-uptake; auxin ...
more infohttp://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_abstract&pid=S0100-84041998000100009&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
Integration and excision of a 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid-d...  Integration and excision of a 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid-d...
Integration and excision of a 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid-degradative plasmid in Alcaligenes paradoxus and evidence of its ... Another new 2,4-D-degrading strain, Pseudomonas pickettii 712, which was isolated from the same field plot but at a different ... A self-transmissible 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D)-degradative plasmid, pKA2, has been identified in a new 2,4-D- ... The integrated plasmid of strain 2811C was excised either precisely or imprecisely after continued transfer on 2,4-D-containing ...
more infohttps://www.mysciencework.com/publication/show/integration-and-excision-of-a-2-4-dichlorophenoxyacetic-acid-degradative-plasmid-in-alcaligenes-paradoxus-and-evidence-of-its-natural-intergeneric-transfer
Characterization of a new 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid degrading plasmid pEST4011: physical map and localization of catabolic...  Characterization of a new 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid degrading plasmid pEST4011: physical map and localization of catabolic...
Restriction mapping, hybridization analysis and enzyme assays established the location of the genes for 2,4-D monooxygenase ( ... 4-D+ and 3-CBA+ phenotype. We present here the physical maps of pEST4011 and pEST4012. In spite of the similarities in ... 2,4-D) and 3-chlorobenzoate (3-CBA). This new 2,4-D degradative plasmid has considerable homology with the regions of pJP4 ... 4-D degradative genes (tfd). Restriction fragment BamHI-B of plasmid pEST4011, which has homology with this region, was cloned ...
more infohttps://www.microbiologyresearch.org/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-139-12-3165
International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds - weedscience.org  International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds - weedscience.org
A new amino acid substitution (Ala-205-Phe) in acetolactate synthase (ALS) confers broad spectrum resistance to ALS-inhibiting ... A novel amino acid substitution Trp574Arg in acetolactate synthase (ALS) confers broad resistance to ALS-inhibiting herbicides ... Identification of a new PSII target site psbA mutation leading to D1 amino acid Leu218Val exchange in the Chenopodium album D1 ... Evolution of a Double Amino Acid Substitution in the 5-Enolpyruvylshikimate-3-Phosphate Synthase in Eleusine indica Conferring ...
more infohttp://weedscience.org/default.aspx
International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds - weedscience.org  International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds - weedscience.org
A New Ala-122-Asn Amino Acid Change Confers Decreased Fitness to ALS-Resistant Echinochloa crus-galli.. Frontiers in Plant ... A new amino acid substitution (Ala-205-Phe) in acetolactate synthase (ALS) confers broad spectrum resistance to ALS-inhibiting ... A novel amino acid substitution Trp574Arg in acetolactate synthase (ALS) confers broad resistance to ALS-inhibiting herbicides ... Identification of a new PSII target site psbA mutation leading to D1 amino acid Leu218Val exchange in the Chenopodium album D1 ...
more infohttp://weedscience.com
Quint Lab:papers of the month - OpenWetWare  Quint Lab:papers of the month - OpenWetWare
cd - Strader et al.: Conversion of endogenous indole-3-butyric acid to indole-3-acetic acid drives cell expansion in ... mq - Santiago et al.: The abscisic acid receptor PYR1 in complex with abscisic acid. Nature 462:665-8 ... Nucleic Acids Res online early. *mq - Geldner: Cell polarity in plants-a PARspective on PINs. Curr Opin Plant Biol 2008, 12:1-7 ... mq - Yin et al.: Structural insights into the mechanism of abscisic acid signaling by PYL proteins. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 16: ...
more infohttps://openwetware.org/wiki/?title=Quint_Lab:papers_of_the_month&oldid=478841
ATSDR - Public Health Statement: Chlorophenols  ATSDR - Public Health Statement: Chlorophenols
2,3,4,5-tetrachlorophenol, 2,3,4,6-tetrachlorophenol, and 2,3,5,6-tetrachlorophenol.� Pentachlorophenol is discussed in ... 2,4-D and 2,4,5- T, the latter of which has been banned, are herbicides often used on food crops that can break down to form 2, ... 2,4-DCP is commonly used for mothproofing. 4-CP is used as a disinfectant in homes, farms, hospitals, and as an antiseptic for ... Except for 2-chlorophenol, which is a liquid at room temperature, all of the chlorophenols are solids. The chlorophenols have a ...
more infohttps://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/phs/phs.asp?id=939&tid=195
IDEALS @ Illinois: Construction of green fluorescent protein plasmids for labeling of herbicide-degrading Delftia acidovorans...  IDEALS @ Illinois: Construction of green fluorescent protein plasmids for labeling of herbicide-degrading Delftia acidovorans...
2,4-Dichlorophenoxypropanoic Acid tfdC Promoter Micromodels Herbicide Degradation. Abstract:. Each year, approximately 46 ... Accidental runoff of herbicides such as 2,4-D and 2,4-DP from human applications is toxic to non-target organisms and harmful ... 4-DP, 2,4-D, and/or oxygen. Two GFP plasmids, designated pKNlacgfp and pKNtfdgfp, were constructed and successfully transformed ... 2,4-D) (EPA, 2005) and 4 million pounds of 2,4-dichlorophenoxypropionate (2,4-DP) (EPA, 2007) herbicides are applied for ...
more infohttps://www.ideals.illinois.edu/handle/2142/26268
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid - Wikipedia  2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid - Wikipedia
D-Dichlorophenoxy Acetic Acid". International Journal of Current Research and Review. 8 (2): 65. CDC - NIOSH Pocket Guide to ... D-Dichlorophenoxy Acetic Acid". International Journal of Current Research and Review. 8 (2): 65-73. NIOSH. Updated June 2014. ... The search for an acid with a longer half life, i.e. a metabolically and environmentally more stable compound, led to 2,4- ... dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T), both phenoxy herbicides and analogs of IAA ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic_acid
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid Inhibition of Castor Bean Lipase | Science  2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid Inhibition of Castor Bean Lipase | Science
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid Inhibition of Castor Bean Lipase Message Subject. (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from ...
more infohttp://science.sciencemag.org/content/110/2848/116
Increased lymphocyte replicative index following 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid herbicide exposure.  - PubMed - NCBI  Increased lymphocyte replicative index following 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid herbicide exposure. - PubMed - NCBI
2000 Apr;11(4):373-80. Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. ... Urinary 2,4-D concentration, an exposure biomarker, may be ... Twelve applicators spraying only 2,4-D provided a blood and urine specimen upon enrollment, several urine samples during the ... Gas chromatography/tandem mass spectroscopy determined urinary 2,4-D levels and standard in-vitro assays determined RI and MF ... Increased lymphocyte replicative index following 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid herbicide exposure.. Figgs LW1, Holland NT, ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10843448?dopt=Abstract
Electroanalytical Methodology for the Direct Determination of 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid in Soil Samples Using a Graphite...  Electroanalytical Methodology for the Direct Determination of 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid in Soil Samples Using a Graphite...
A. G. S. Prado, H. T. Barcelos, A. O. Moura, A. R. Nunes, and E. S. Gil, "Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid anchored on silica-gel ... "Concise revision of methods for determination of the herbicide dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D)," Quimica Nova, vol. 26, no. ... Herbicides derived from weak acids such as the 2,4-D (pKa 2.8) lose protons and are predominantly in the anionic form in soils ... W.-H. Ding, C.-H. Liu, and S.-P. Yeh, "Analysis of chlorophenoxy acid herbicides in water by large-volume on-line ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijelc/2014/308926/
Oxidative stress as a mechanism for toxicity of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D): studies with goldfish gills | Springer...  Oxidative stress as a mechanism for toxicity of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D): studies with goldfish gills | Springer...
2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), at environmentally permitted (1 mg L−1), slightly toxic (10 mg L−1), and highly toxic ( ... Saravanan M, Karthika S, Malarvizhi A, Ramesh M (2011) Ecotoxicological impacts of clofibric acid and diclofenac in common carp ... Fish were exposed to the pesticide in water for 96 h and an additional group of fish were treated by the highest 2,4-D ... Tayeb W, Nakbi A, Trabelsi M, Attia N, Miled A, Hammami M (2010) Hepatotoxicity induced by sub-acute exposure of rats to 2,4- ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10646-013-1136-z
Functionalized polystyrene beads as carriers in release studies of two herbicides: 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and 2-methyl...  Functionalized polystyrene beads as carriers in release studies of two herbicides: 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and 2-methyl...
The acetic acid derivatives 2,4-D (pKa = 3.31 at 25 °C in water) and MCPA (pKa = 3.11 at 25 °C in water) have similar acid-base ... The acid form is responsible for uncontrolled cell division in vascular tissues that can cause the death of plants. Another ... 2017). It has been reported that in a weak acid or neutral medium, both 2,4-D and MCPA can form complexes with bivalent metals ... Furthermore, the ester forms are converted to the acid within the plant. Then accumulation in cells occurs due to passive ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13762-018-2138-4
Effects of olive oil and its fractions on oxidative stress and the livers fatty acid composition in 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic...  Effects of olive oil and its fractions on oxidative stress and the liver's fatty acid composition in 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic...
The liver's fatty acid composition was also significantly modified with 2,4-D exposure. However, extra virgin olive oil and ... and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARs) levels in the liver. The lipophilic fraction supplemented to 2,4-D- treated ... In this study, we assess the effects of virgin olive oil and its fractions on 2,4-D- induced oxidative damage in the liver of ... Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into eight groups of ten each: (C) a control group, (D) group that received 2,4-D (5 mg/ ...
more infohttps://nutritionandmetabolism.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1743-7075-7-80
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid promotes S-nitrosylation and oxidation of actin affecting cytoskeleton and peroxisomal dynamics  2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid promotes S-nitrosylation and oxidation of actin affecting cytoskeleton and peroxisomal dynamics
Also, 2,4-D alters the dynamics of the peroxisome, slowing the speed and shortening the distances by which these organelles are ... 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is a synthetic auxin used as a herbicide to control weeds in agriculture. A high ... 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is a synthetic auxin used as a herbicide to control weeds in agriculture. A high ... 2,4-D (23 mM) promotes leaf epinasty, whereas this process was prevented by EDTA, which can reduce ·OH accumulation. The ...
more infohttps://ore.exeter.ac.uk/repository/handle/10871/18692
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