An herbicide with strong irritant properties. Use of this compound on rice fields, orchards, sugarcane, rangeland, and other noncrop sites was terminated by the EPA in 1985. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Phenols substituted with one or more chlorine atoms in any position.
A species of BURKHOLDERIA considered to be an opportunistic human pathogen. It has been associated with various types of infections of nosocomial origin.
An herbicide with irritant effects on the eye and the gastrointestinal system.
Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in nature. Some species are pathogenic for humans, animals, and plants.

2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T) is a synthetic auxin, or plant growth regulator, that has been used as an herbicide. It was a component of Agent Orange, which was used as a defoliant during the Vietnam War. 2,4,5-T has been banned in many countries due to concerns about its toxicity and potential health effects.

It is important to note that exposure to 2,4,5-T has been linked to various health issues, including developmental and reproductive problems, as well as an increased risk of cancer. It is classified as a possible human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).

It's also important to note that 2,4,5-T is not used in medical field, it's mainly used as herbicide and defoliant.

Chlorophenols are a group of chemical compounds that consist of a phenol ring substituted with one or more chlorine atoms. They are widely used as pesticides, disinfectants, and preservatives. Some common examples of chlorophenols include pentachlorophenol, trichlorophenol, and dichlorophenol.

Chlorophenols can be harmful to human health and the environment. They have been linked to a variety of adverse health effects, including skin and eye irritation, respiratory problems, damage to the liver and kidneys, and an increased risk of cancer. Exposure to chlorophenols can occur through contact with contaminated soil, water, or air, as well as through ingestion or absorption through the skin.

It is important to handle chlorophenols with care and to follow proper safety precautions when using them. If you are concerned about exposure to chlorophenols, it is recommended that you speak with a healthcare professional for further guidance.

Burkholderia cepacia is a gram-negative, motile bacillus that is commonly found in the environment, particularly in water and soil. It is a conditional pathogen, meaning it can cause infection in individuals with weakened immune systems or underlying lung conditions such as cystic fibrosis.

Infections caused by B. cepacia can be difficult to treat due to its resistance to many antibiotics. The bacteria can colonize the lungs and cause a chronic respiratory infection that can lead to decline in lung function, increased frequency of exacerbations, and even death in some cases. It is also associated with outbreaks in healthcare settings, particularly in patients receiving respiratory therapy or using contaminated medical equipment.

It's important to note that B. cepacia is not typically considered a community-acquired pathogen and is not commonly associated with typical pneumonia or other respiratory infections in healthy individuals.

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is a type of synthetic auxin, which is a plant growth regulator. It is a white crystalline powder with a sour taste and mild characteristic odor. It is soluble in water, alcohol, and acetone, and has a melting point of 130-140°C.

2,4-D is a widely used herbicide that is primarily used to control broadleaf weeds in a variety of settings, including agriculture, lawns, and golf courses. It works by mimicking the natural plant hormone auxin, which causes uncontrolled growth in susceptible plants leading to their death.

In medicine, 2,4-D has been used experimentally as a cytotoxic agent for the treatment of cancer, but its use is not widespread due to its toxicity and potential carcinogenicity. It is important to handle this chemical with care, as it can cause skin and eye irritation, and prolonged exposure can lead to more serious health effects.

Environmental biodegradation is the breakdown of materials, especially man-made substances such as plastics and industrial chemicals, by microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi in order to use them as a source of energy or nutrients. This process occurs naturally in the environment and helps to break down organic matter into simpler compounds that can be more easily absorbed and assimilated by living organisms.

Biodegradation in the environment is influenced by various factors, including the chemical composition of the substance being degraded, the environmental conditions (such as temperature, moisture, and pH), and the type and abundance of microorganisms present. Some substances are more easily biodegraded than others, and some may even be resistant to biodegradation altogether.

Biodegradation is an important process for maintaining the health and balance of ecosystems, as it helps to prevent the accumulation of harmful substances in the environment. However, some man-made substances, such as certain types of plastics and industrial chemicals, may persist in the environment for long periods of time due to their resistance to biodegradation, leading to negative impacts on wildlife and ecosystems.

In recent years, there has been increasing interest in developing biodegradable materials that can break down more easily in the environment as a way to reduce waste and minimize environmental harm. These efforts have led to the development of various biodegradable plastics, coatings, and other materials that are designed to degrade under specific environmental conditions.

"Pseudomonas" is a genus of Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria that are widely found in soil, water, and plants. Some species of Pseudomonas can cause disease in animals and humans, with P. aeruginosa being the most clinically relevant as it's an opportunistic pathogen capable of causing various types of infections, particularly in individuals with weakened immune systems.

P. aeruginosa is known for its remarkable ability to resist many antibiotics and disinfectants, making infections caused by this bacterium difficult to treat. It can cause a range of healthcare-associated infections, such as pneumonia, bloodstream infections, urinary tract infections, and surgical site infections. In addition, it can also cause external ear infections and eye infections.

Prompt identification and appropriate antimicrobial therapy are crucial for managing Pseudomonas infections, although the increasing antibiotic resistance poses a significant challenge in treatment.

IARC considers the chlorophenoxyacetic acids group of chemicals as possibly carcinogenic to humans. In 1963 a production vessel ... Intentional overdoses and unintentional high dose occupational exposures to chlorophenoxy acid herbicides have resulted in ... is a chlorophenoxy acetic acid herbicide used to defoliate broad-leafed plants. It was developed in the late 1940s, synthesized ... 2,4,5-T has since largely been replaced by dicamba and triclopyr. Human health effects from 2,4,5-T at low environmental doses ...
The compound's mechanism of action is to mimic the auxin growth hormone indoleacetic acid (IAA). When sprayed on plants it ... propionic acid. It is a phenoxy herbicide and a plant growth regulator, an analog of 2,4,5-T in which the latter's acetic acid ... As with 2,4,5-T, fenoprop is toxic to shrubs and trees. The name Silvex was used in the USA but it has been banned from use ... "Consumer Factsheet on: 2,4,5-TP (SILVEX)" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-03-11. (ECHA InfoCard ID from Wikidata, Articles containing ...
Holson, Joseph F. (1970). Teratogenic Potential of D-Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (delysid) in the Albino Rat (Master's Thesis). ... Nemec, MarkD; Holson, JosephF; Farr, CraigH; Hood, RonaldD (1998-11-06). "Developmental toxicity assessment of arsenic acid in ... 2, an amaranth dye, and the herbicide 2,4,5‐T (a component of Agent Orange). The FD&C Red No. 2 study was a multi-laboratory ... 3.0.co;2-7. ISSN 1096-9926. PMID 10525206. Holson, J. F; Stump, D. G; Clevidence, K. J; Knapp, J. F; Farr, C. H (2000-05-01). " ...
... historically for those making chlorophenols or chlorophenoxy acid herbicides or in the application of chemicals, notably ... The oral LD50 for guinea pigs is as low as 0.5 to 2 μg/kg body weight, whereas the oral LD50 for hamsters can be as high as 1 ... "Seveso". Retrieved 4 June 2007. "AROUND THE NATION; Times Beach, Mo., Board Moves to Seal Off Town - New York Times". The New ... 72 (4): 393-404. doi:10.1016/j.bcp.2006.01.017. PMID 16545780. Geusau A, Abraham K, Geissler K, Sator MO, Stingl G, Tschachler ...
Phenoxyacetic acids, Acetic acids, Plant growth regulators, IARC Group 2B carcinogens). ... MCPA was discovered at about that time by his ICI group.: Sec 7.1 In the USA, a similar search for an acid with a longer half ... Some Chlorophenoxyacetic Acids". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 63 (6): 1768. doi:10.1021/ja01851a601. "The weed- ... William Templeman found that when indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), the naturally occurring auxin, was used at high concentrations, ...
2 February 2008. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2015. "Stora and Arauco Spend $344 Million ... Milne, Richard (5 July 2017). "Paper groups seek salvation in renewables shift". Financial Times. Archived from the original on ... LEPITREB (5 March 2018). "Stora Enso launches lignin-based phenol". Bioplastics News. Archived from the original on 15 December ... 4 December 2018. Archived from the original on 16 December 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018. "Stora Enso and Sulapac Launch ...
Because Agent Green's only active ingredient was 2,4,5-T, along with the similar Agent Pink, and earlier-produced batches of 2, ... Even prior to Operation Ranch Hand (1962-1971) it was known that a dioxin, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-para-dioxin (TCDD), is ... Agent Green's only active ingredient was 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T), one of the common phenoxy herbicides of ... 4,5-T having higher TCDD-levels, it contained many times the average level of dioxin found in Agent Orange. During much of the ...
5 (3/4): 323-32. Bibcode:2003JNR.....5..323Z. doi:10.1023/A:1025520116015. S2CID 14511383. Ezezika, Obidimma C; Singer, Peter A ... 32 (4): 331-5. doi:10.1016/j.techsoc.2010.10.010. Ewulm (2013). "Entomoremediation - A Novel In-Situ Bioremediation Approach". ... 101 (2): 483-90. Bibcode:2015MarPB.101..483A. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.09.010. PMID 26414316. "Environmental Due Diligence ... Dioxins from Union Carbide used in the production of now-banned pesticide 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid and defoliant Agent ...
Even prior to Operation Ranch Hand (1962-1971) it was known that a dioxin, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-para-dioxin (TCDD), is ... Agent Pink's only active ingredient was 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T), one of the common phenoxy herbicides of ... 4,5-T, and was present in any of the herbicides that used it, but to greater proportion in the earlier Agents, such as Pink. A ... May 5, 1990 (accessed 2013-07-29) Stellman, Jeanne et al. The Extent and patterns of usage of Agent Orange and other herbicides ...
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is used in New Zealand and the Pesticides Board has decided not to prohibit the use of ... Manufacture of 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T) ceased in New Zealand in 1987 and it is no longer sold in New ... Green Party (2 October 2008). "New Zealand sports grounds getting toxic treatment". Green Party. Archived from the original on ... Reports & Testimony". Archived from the original on 5 August 2009. Retrieved 23 May 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original ...
Some batches of 2,4,5-T manufactured for Rainbow Herbicide use were later found to have been contaminated with synthesis- ... 4 April 2012. p. 116. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 December 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2013. Corcoran, Charles A. ( ... ISBN 978-0-08-047610-0. Archives Search Report Findings for Field Testing of 2,4,5-T and Other Herbicides (PDF) (Report). U.S. ... oneofmanyfeathers.com 2/1/2014. Media related to Herbicidal warfare at Wikimedia Commons (Webarchive template wayback links, ...
p. 2. "Green battler dies". The Dominion Post. 5 January 2005. p. A3. Norton 1988, pp. 290. "Values elects troika". The Press. ... p. 2. Bain, Helen (30 August 1999). "Green Party names list candidates". Taranaki Daily News. p. 4. "Green politician dies". ... 5 January 2005. p. 2. Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946-1987: Occasional Publications No ... In 1982 she founded, Residents Against Dioxin, a New Plymouth-based group to cease the production of 2,4,5- ...
had exposure to metal plating solvents and chromic acid documented in September 1982 by the Middle-Brook Regional Health ... 2-3. U.S. Census Bureau. "2010 Census Interactive Population Search for NJ". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 21 September 2017. ... Blue Spruce Chemical was known to have been involved in storing a defoliant labelled "Agent Orange" consisting of 2,4- ... dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T) containing traces of 2,3,7,8- ...
... (TCP) is an organochloride with the molecular formula C6H3Cl3O. It has been used as a fungicide and ... Agent Orange 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (Articles without InChI source, ECHA InfoCard ID ... Precursor chemical used in the production of 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T) and hexachlorophene involves the ... Haynes, p. 3.522 "Hazard Summary - 2,4,5-Trichlorophenol" (PDF). United States Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved 30 ...
2,4-D and 2,4,5-T were herbicides used to make Agent Orange in the Vietnam War. Additionally, cyanide, arsenic, beryllium, ... The cleanup goal for 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (2,4,6-TCP) was 61 μg/L and this goal was achieved by having a well reach less than ... 276 (2): 83-94. doi:10.1016/j.taap.2014.02.012. ISSN 0041-008X. PMID 24589379. Fred C. Hart Associates. (1979). An ... 4 (5): 589-630. doi:10.1002/ajim.4700040503. ISSN 0271-3586. PMID 6353911. Bahadar, Haji; Mostafalou, Sara; Abdollahi, Mohammad ...
It is a benzoic acid rather than a phenoxyacetic acid whose use has grown rapidly since 2016 as crops genetically modified to ... The first group to be discovered act by mimicking the auxin growth hormone indoleacetic acid (IAA). When sprayed on broad-leaf ... When applied as an ester, metabolism in the target plant leads to the parent acid which is responsible for the herbicidal ... Salts and esters of this class of herbicide are active owing to their ability to metabolise to the corresponding parent acid. ...
The battalion moved to Ross-on-Wye soon after its official formation on 4 July 1940. The task was made more difficult by the ... He was promoted to general on 4 June 1950, advanced to Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in the King's Birthday Honours ... Retrieved 2 January 2012. "Correspondence re Royal Awards" (PDF). ISEAS Library. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 April ... 5-9 "Gerald Templer". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/31747 ...
Sep 2015). "Regulation of indole-3-acetic acid biosynthesis by branched-chain amino acids in Enterobacter cloacae UW5". FEMS ... "Synthesis of Indoleacetic Acid from Glutamic Acid and a Proposed Mechanism for the Conversion". Journal of the American ... Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA, 3-IAA) is the most common naturally occurring plant hormone of the auxin class. It is the best known ... Jeong YM, Oh MH, Kim SY, Li H, Yun HY, Baek KJ, Kwon NS, Kim WY, Kim DS (2010). "Indole-3-acetic acid/horseradish peroxidase ...
86 (1): 2-11. Bibcode:2001ER.....86....2A. doi:10.1006/enrs.2001.4244. PMID 11386736. "BBC NEWS - Health - Yushchenko and the ... 5 (3): 161-82. doi:10.1002/ajim.4700050303. PMID 6142642. Robbins, William; Times, Special To the New York (1983-07-17). " ... 106 (1-2): 5-20. Bibcode:1991ScTEn.106....5B. doi:10.1016/0048-9697(91)90016-8. ISSN 0048-9697. PMID 1835132. "Corporate Giant ... 1984). "Health status of workers with past exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin in the manufacture of 2,4,5- ...
Cyhalothrin Cyromazine Davicil DCMU DDT DDT in Australia DDT in New Zealand DDT in the United States Dehydroacetic acid ... Contents: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z See also 1080 1080 usage in New Zealand 2,4-D 2,4-DB ... mixture Brodifacoum Bromadiolone Bromethalin Bromine monochloride Bromomethane Bromoxynil Burgundy mixture Cacodylic acid ... Chlorophacinone Chlorpyrifos Chloropicrin Chlorothalonil Chlortoluron Chromated copper arsenate Cinnamaldehyde Clofibric acid ...
Agent Orange contains a mixture of 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T as well as dioxin contaminants. Members of the Air Force Ranch Hand and ... 4 (1): 80-96. ISSN 0007-5035. "Industrial disasters from Bhopal to present day: why the proposal to make 'ecocide' an ... 28 (4): 327-334. doi:10.1016/0378-4290(92)90018-5. ISSN 0378-4290. Potter, Thomas L.; Marti, Luz; Belflower, Sally; Truman, ... Two of the oldest chemical herbicides used as defoliants are 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 2,4,5- ...
Related compounds are dichloroacetic acid and trichloroacetic acid. Chloroacetic acid was first prepared (in impure form) by ... Like other chloroacetic acids and related halocarbons, chloroacetic acid is a hazardous alkylating agent. The LD50 for rats is ... Chloroacetic acid is prepared industrially by two routes. The predominant method involves chlorination of acetic acid, with ... Chloroacetic acid, industrially known as monochloroacetic acid (MCA), is the organochlorine compound with the formula ClCH2CO2H ...
... phenylacetic acid, indole-3-butyric acid, and indole-3-propionic acid. However, most of the knowledge described so far in auxin ... However, some exogenously synthesized auxins, especially 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and indole-3-butyric acid (IBA), are ... The most important member of the auxin family is indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), which generates the majority of auxin effects in ... Besides IAA there are several other molecules with auxin activity such as indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) (Fig. 1), 4-Cl-IAA, and ...
Like other acid herbicides, current formulations use either an amine salt (often trimethylamine) or one of many esters of the ... These are easier to handle than the acid. The triazine family of herbicides, which includes atrazine, was introduced in the ... In 2013 only two herbicide classes, called Photosystem II and long-chain fatty acid inhibitors, were effective against ryegrass ... It works by inhibiting acetolactate synthase, an enzyme involved in producing branched chain amino acids. Dicamba, a ...
VMO-2 took the brunt of the attack with 13 of its UH-1E Hueys destroyed. The attack killed two Marines and one Navy Corpsman ... 5 November Ho Thi Que a 38 year old ARVN Ranger known as "The Tiger Lady of South Vietnam", was killed during an argument with ... p. 5. "Robert J. Flynn, Shot Down in Vietnam War and Held in China, Dies at 76". New York Times. 24 May 2014. "U.S. Calls ... 5 to 12 March During a visit to Saigon Chief of Staff of the United States Army General Harold Keith Johnson met with senior ...
A team led by American biologist Robert W. Holley published the paper "Structure of a Ribonucleic Acid" in the weekly journal ... the genetic code encoded by DNA to bring together the correct sequence of amino acids in cellular proteins. Holley would be ... March 2, 1965. p. 1. "U.S. Bombers in Mystery Flight- 30 Jets Hop from Base in S. Viet Nam". Chicago Tribune. March 3, 1965. p ... p. 1A-5. "Navy Sink the Oil Patch". The Times. No. 56282. London. 29 March 1965. col C-D, p. 10. "Captain Orders Off Crew; ...
Salicylic acid (SA) is a hormone with a structure related to benzoic acid and phenol. It was originally isolated from an ... The most active JA in plants is jasmonic acid. Jasmonic acid can be further metabolized into methyl jasmonate (MeJA), which is ... Auxins, especially 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and indole-3-butyric acid (IBA), are also commonly applied to stimulate root ... "Silverleaf whitefly induces salicylic acid defenses and suppresses effectual jasmonic acid defenses". Plant Physiology. 143 (2 ...
The other most common color-coded Ranch Hand herbicides were Agent Blue (cacodylic acid) that was primarily used against food ... cacodylic acid (Ansar 138) and its sodium salt sodium cacodylate) used from 1962-1971 in powder and water solution Agent White ... Tordon 101): 21.2% (acid weight basis) triisopropanolamine salts of 2,4-D and 5.7% picloram used 1966-1971 Agent Orange or ... The remaining 5% were sprayed by the U.S. Chemical Corps, other military branches, and the Republic of Vietnam using hand ...
6-endoxohexahydrophthalic acid). During 1952-53, the unit supervised the aerial spraying of 2,4,5-T in Kenya to assess the ... "4 Decades on, U.S. Starts Cleanup of Agent Orange in Vietnam". The New York Times. New York. August 9, 2012. Archived from the ... As a result, the U.S. began a full-scale production of 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T and would have used it against Japan in 1946 during ... On March 2, 2009, the Supreme Court denied certiorari and declined to reconsider the ruling of the Court of Appeals. To assist ...
... quinic acid MeSH D02.241.511.852 - shikimic acid MeSH D02.241.511.902 - sugar acids MeSH D02.241.511.902.107 - ascorbic acid ... edetic acid MeSH D02.241.081.038.455 - egtazic acid MeSH D02.241.081.038.581 - iodoacetic acid MeSH D02.241.081.038.581.400 - ... hexuronic acids MeSH D02.241.081.844.915.400.500 - iduronic acid MeSH D02.241.081.901.177 - aconitic acid MeSH D02.241.081.901. ... muramic acids MeSH D02.241.081.844.562 - neuraminic acids MeSH D02.241.081.844.562.668 - sialic acids MeSH D02.241.081.844. ...
IARC considers the chlorophenoxyacetic acids group of chemicals as possibly carcinogenic to humans. In 1963 a production vessel ... Intentional overdoses and unintentional high dose occupational exposures to chlorophenoxy acid herbicides have resulted in ... is a chlorophenoxy acetic acid herbicide used to defoliate broad-leafed plants. It was developed in the late 1940s, synthesized ... 2,4,5-T has since largely been replaced by dicamba and triclopyr. Human health effects from 2,4,5-T at low environmental doses ...
The solution in water is a weak acid. Formula: C8H5Cl3O3 / C6H2Cl3OCH2COOH. Molecular mass: 255.5 Boiling point: No boiling ... MAK: (inhalable fraction): 2 mg/m3; peak limitation category: II(2); skin absorption (H); pregnancy risk group: C ... Commercial products may contain toxic dioxin (see ICSC 1467 2,3,7,8-TCDD).. If the substance is formulated with solvent(s) also ... The recommendations on this card also apply to salts of 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid. ...
Perfluorohexanoic acid (PFHxA). Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA). Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA). n-Perfluorooctanoic acid (n-PFOA) ... Arsenic (V) acid. Arsenobetaine. Arsenocholine. Arsenous (III) acid. Dimethylarsinic acid. Monomethylarsonic acid. ... Branched Perfluorooctanoic acid (Sb-PFOA). Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS). n-Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (n-PFOS). ... Perfluorobutanoic acid (PFBA). Perfluorobutane sulfonic acid (PFBS). Perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA). Perfluoroheptane sulfonic ...
Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid in Humans Including Applicators Under Field Conditions. Creators: Leng, M. L., J. C. Ramsey, W. H. ... Potential Exposure of Humans to 2, 4, 5 -T and TCDD in the Oregon Coast Ranges. Creators: Newton, Michael, Logan A. Norris ... Potential Exposure of Humans to 2, 4, 5 -T and TCDD in the Oregon Coast Ranges. Creators: Newton, Michael, Logan A. Norris ... Manuscript: Chapter 2: The Military Use of Herbicides in Vietnam, Massive Quantities of Herbicides Were Applied by the United ...
Phosphordithioic acid, O,O-diethyl O-(2 -isopropyl-6-methyl-4 -pyrimidinyl) ester ... 19 - DIVISION 2 - Export * 19 - Export Permit *26 - Conditions Under Paragraph 185(1)(c) of the Act * 26 - Conditions Relating ... SCHEDULE 2(Section 1, paragraphs 2(1)(d) and 4(1)(d), clause 78(1)(a)(iii)(J) and Schedules 3 and 4). Environmentally Hazardous ... Column 2. Column 3. Column 4. Item. Code. CAS Registry NumberFootnote for Environmentally Hazardous Constituentsa. Hazardous ...
2. Crassostrea virginica as an Indicator of Lead Pollution.. 1979. 3. Mysidopsis bahia: An Estuarine Species Suitable for ... 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid/Silvex: Position Document 4.. 1979. 42. 2000 Nonmethane organic compounds (NMOC) and ... 4. Neanthes arenaceodentata (Polychaeta: Annelida), a Proposed Cytogenetic Model for Marine Genetic Toxicology.. 1981. ... 2,3,7,8,-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin Equivalents in Tissues of Birds at Green Bay, Wisconsin, USA.. 1993. ...
Advanced Search Search Help About NIOSHTIC-2 Feedback Terms: pesticide or pesticides or insecticide or insecticides or ... In the course of maintenance activities, workers came into contact with the herbicide 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic-acid (93765 ... The author recommends that exposure to 2,4,5-T be controlled. ... 2,4,5- T). A list of all live births among union members who ... Region-2; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Author Keywords: birth defects; 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid; 2,4,5-T; ...
169/03, s. 2 (2); O. Reg. 255/05, s. 1.. Note: On December 1, 2008, subsection (2) is amended by striking out "or Schedule 5 to ... 1, 2.. 3. Omitted (provides for coming into force of provisions of the English version of this Regulation). O. Reg. 169/03, s. ... 2. (1) A person who, pursuant to section 10 of the Act or otherwise, has an obligation to ensure that water meets a standard ... c1, c2 and ci are the observed concentrations, and C1, C2 and Ci are the maximum acceptable concentrations for each ...
vol.30,No.4,1992. 246-251. 12. Lentinus edodes 에서 분비되는 laccase 의 특성 정인범 · 윤흥덕 · 맹진수 · 강사욱 · 하영칠 · 정가진 · 최형태1 · 김재헌2 vol.30,No.4 ... vol.30,No.4,1992. 265-268. 9. Evidence for two Na^+/H^+ Antiport Systems in Escherichia coli Seo, Sung Yum vol.30,No.4,1992. ... vol.30,No.4,1992. 299-304. 4. Bacillus stearothermophilus 에서 부분 정제한 cytosine deaminase 의 특성 유대식 · 김대현 vol.30,No.4,1992. 305-309 ... vol.30,No.4,1992. 260-264. 10. Bacteriocins in Purple Nonsulfur Bacteria Lee, Sang Seob * · Oh, Tae Jeong · Lee, Hyun Soon ...
The primary result of excessive serum concentrations of salicylic acid is interference with acid�base steadiness. As salicylic ... The acetic acid derivatives, together with indomethacin, had been introduced for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and ... In the liver, the compound is hydrolyzed to meperidinic acid and normeperidine by carboxyesterases and by N-demethylation and ... Eyes must be irrigated with tepid faucet water for 15 minutes following ocular exposure to methyl salicylate or salicylic acid ...
Description: Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid is an organofluorine. compound. Salts of this compound are often used as surfactants ... A z o d y e s ( R e s t r i c t e d A m i n e s 2) ... Polyester(EU): EN 14362-2 [detection limit 20 ppm]. Leather(EU ... Suppliers must maintain records of all compliance and production documents for a minimum of 5 years from the date of production ... IN WITNESS WHEREOF, Vendor have executed this RSL and Production Safety Manual effective on ___________, 20_ _. ...
3-phenoxybenzoic acid Paranitrophenol trans-dichlorovinyl-dimethylcylopropane carboxylic acid Subsample weights Measures of ... cis-dibromovinyl-dimethyl cyclopropane carboxylic acid cis-dichlorovinyl-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylic acid Chloro-dihydro- ... The most widely used fungicides in agriculture are the alkali and metal salts of the alkelenebis-(dithiocarbamate) acids. ... cis-dimethylvinyl-dimethylcyclo-propane carboxylic acid Chloro-hydroxy-methyl-chromen-ol/one DEET Diethylaminomethylpyrimidine- ...
On that day, a reactor explosion in an Italian 2,4,5-T factory owned by the multinational Hoffmann-La Roche caused the release ... The same symptoms were secretly observed by Monsanto after an explosion in a 2,4,5-T factory in Nitro, West Virginia, on March ... The extreme toxicity of this chemical weapon is principally due to 2,4,5-T, a dreadful poison that is characteristically ... The two herbicides were 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T), two chemical ...
mixture of di & trichlorophenoxy acetic acid + TCCD (tetrachlorodienzo-p-dioxin) * commercially available 2,4-D ... avoid excessive O2 administration; may aggrivate peroxidation in lungs*hydrocortisone & furosemide & dialysis ... 2-3 days*duration of a single dose is 2-7 days ... occur w/in 1-2 hrs of exposure (may be delayed w/ skin exposure ...
2,4,5 T (2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid), a dioxin-containing component of the defoliant, Agent Orange, which was used by ... The Organic Consumers Fund is a 501(c)4 allied organization of the Organic Consumers Association, focused on grassroots ...
In this research, garden cress seeds (Lepidium sativum L) were exposed to different phenoxyalkanoic acid herbicides 2,4-D(2,4- ... Toxicity Determination Of Various Phenoxyalkanoic Acid Herbicides Using Cress Seed In Phosphate Contaminated Aqueous Media ... Toxicity Determination Of Various Phenoxyalkanoic Acid Herbicides Using Cress Seed In Phosphate Contaminated Aqueous Media ... acetic acid) in a phosphate contaminated media for 120 h in order to determine the effect of toxicity to root growth. Each ...
2Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, ... Table 2 Association between ESRD risk and acute and cumulative pesticide exposure, adjusted for age and state, among male ... Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2015; 73 1-2 Published Online First: 24 Sep 2015. doi: 10.1136/oemed-2015-103132 ... Acute renal failure induced by bentazone: 2 case reports and a comprehensive review. J Nephrol 2008;21:256-60. ...
cytological effects of 2,4,5-trichloro-phenoxyacetic acid and of dioxin contaminants in 2,4,5-T formulations in another window ... cytological effects of 2,4,5-trichloro-phenoxyacetic acid and of dioxin contaminants in 2,4,5-T formulations ... cytological effects of 2,4,5-trichloro-phenoxyacetic acid and of dioxin contaminants in 2,4,5-T formulations ...
5 (3): 161-82. doi:10.1002/ajim.4700050303. PMID 6142642.. [iii] C.f. Public Law 116-23, the Blue Water Navy Vietnam Veterans ... 1984). "Health status of workers with past exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin in the manufacture of 2,4,5- ... trichlorophenoxyacetic acid: comparison of findings with and without chloracne". Am. J. Ind. Med. ... The dioxin-derivative specifically associated with to Agent Orange is 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), which is one ...
2,4,5-T - Taenia, Tenia. In: Venes D. Venes D(Ed.),Ed. Donald Venes.eds. Tabers® Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary, 24e. McGraw ... 2,4,5-T. ++. C8H5Cl3O3, a widely used herbicide and defoliant against broad-leaved plants (weeds). It is contaminated with the ... "2,4,5-T - Taenia, Tenia." Tabers® Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary, 24e Venes D. Venes D(Ed.),Ed. Donald Venes. McGraw Hill, 2021 ... 2,4,5-t - taenia, tenia. Venes D. Venes D(Ed.),Ed. Donald Venes. (2021). Tabers® Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary, 24e. McGraw ...
... acetic acid FOB Price contact us for price ... 4-chlorophenoxy)acetic acid FOB Price contact us for price Cas ... 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxy)acetic acid FOB Price contact us for price ...
kynurenic acid metabolic process GO:0034275 * cinnamic acid biosynthetic process involved in coumarin metabolism ... 1-(3,5-dichloro-2,6-dihydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)hexan-1-one metabolic process ...
cinnamic acid biosynthetic process involved in flavonoid metabolism GO:0010682 * 1-(3,5-dichloro-2,6-dihydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl) ...
Matched synonyms: … (3-Chlorobenzoylamino)acetic acid ... (3-Chloro-benzoylamino)-acetic acid … Matched iupac: … 2-[(3- ... Matched synonyms: … N-Carbamoylmethyliminodi(acetic acid) ... (CARBAMOYLMETHYL-carboxymethyl-amino)-acetIC ACID … Matched iupac ... Matched synonyms: … (2S)-Amino(carbamoylamino)acetic acid … Matched iupac: … (2S)-2-amino-2-(carbamoylamino)acetic acid … ... Matched synonyms: … [Carbamoyl(methyl)amino]acetic acid … Matched iupac: … 2-[(C-hydroxycarbonimidoyl)(methyl)amino]acetic acid ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Improving risk stratification among veterans diagnosed with prostate cancer. T2 - impact of the 17-gene prostate score assay. AU - Lynch, Julie A.. AU - Rothney, Megan P.. AU - Salup, Raoul R.. AU - Ercole, Cesar E.. AU - Mathur, Sharad C.. AU - Duchene, David A.. AU - Basler, Joseph W.. AU - Hernandez, Javier. AU - Liss, Michael A. AU - Porter, Michael P.. AU - Wright, Jonathan L.. AU - Risk, Michael C.. AU - Garzotto, Mark. AU - Efimova, Olga. AU - Barrett, Laurie. AU - Berse, Brygida. AU - Kemeter, Michael J.. AU - Febbo, Phillip G.. AU - Dash, Atreya. PY - 2018/1/1. Y1 - 2018/1/1. N2 - BACKGROUND: Active surveillance (AS) has been widely implemented within Veterans Affairs medical centers (VAMCs) as a standard of care for low-risk prostate cancer (PCa). Patient characteristics such as age, race, and Agent Orange (AO) exposure may influence advisability of AS in veterans. The 17-gene assay may improve risk stratification and management selection. OBJECTIVES: To compare ...
Under GST, tax slabs are fixed at 0%, 5%, 12%, 18% and 28% ... Acid Oils From Refining: Stearic Acid: Other Stearic Acid Or ... Acid Oils From Refining; Industrial Fatty Alcohols Industrial Monocarboxylic Fatty Acids; Acid Oils From Refining: Oleic Acid. ... Acid Oils From Refining; Industrial Fatty Alcohols Industrial Monocarboxylic Fatty Acids; Acid Oils From Refining: Stearic Acid ... Acid Oils From Refining; Industrial Fatty Alcohols Industrial Monocarboxylic Fatty Acids; Acid Oils From Refining: Stearic Acid ...
The most infamous of these weapons consisted of an equal measure of two powerful herbicides: 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and ... 4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid. Its nickname is Agent Orange.. Aware of the risk of chemical warfare, Mr. Sơn and the other ...
Sialic Acid, (N-Acetyl Neuraminic Acid) * Sialic Acid, (N-Acetyl Neuraminic Acid) ... Methyl (+)2-(4-(2,4 dichlorophenoxy)) propionate (diclofopmethyl) (Hoelan) * Methyl (+)2-(4-(2,4dichlorophenoxy)) propionate ( ... R,R) - 5,2-[4-(4-methylphenyl)-2-buytlamino]-1-1hydroxyethyl salicylamide hydrochloride ...
  • 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (also known as 2,4,5-T), a synthetic auxin, is a chlorophenoxy acetic acid herbicide used to defoliate broad-leafed plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Searching natural products for 'acetic acid' returned 17986 results. (np-mrd.org)
  • Glacial (highly purified) acetic acid contains at least 99.5% acetic acid by weight. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • 2,4-D is a member of the phenoxy family of herbicides it is made from chloroacetic acid and 2,4-dichlorophenol, which is produced by chlorination of phenol, is usually called 2,4-D and it is an organic compound with the chemical formula C8H6Cl2O3. (waterfilteradvisor.com)
  • citation needed] In 1970, the United States Department of Agriculture halted the use of 2,4,5-T on all food crops except rice, and in 1985, the EPA terminated all remaining uses in the U.S. of this herbicide. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the course of maintenance activities, workers came into contact with the herbicide 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic-acid (93765) (2,4,5- T). A list of all live births among union members who worked for the railroad was collected and analyzed. (cdc.gov)
  • The most commonly used pesticide for home and garden was the herbicide 2, 4-D with an estimated use of 3000-4000 tons in those applications, giving an average domestic use per capita of ~ 15g /year. (cdc.gov)
  • C 8 H 5 Cl 3 O 3 , a widely used herbicide and defoliant against broad-leaved plants (weeds). (mhmedical.com)
  • 2-4 D has been much used since mid-1940, its primary use is as a selective herbicide which kills many terrestrial and aquatic broad leaf weeds in pastures, orchards, and cereal crops such as corn, oats, rice, and wheat, it is widely used because it's the cheapest way for farmers to control winter annual weeds by spraying in the fall, often at the lowest recommended rate. (waterfilteradvisor.com)
  • Over 1,500 herbicide products contain 2,4-D as an active ingredient. (waterfilteradvisor.com)
  • Some food like oils, fats, and sugars can be contaminated by this herbicide, a series of studies have shown that people who consume this type of food that has been contaminated with 2-4D, have an increased risk for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and other malignant tumors. (waterfilteradvisor.com)
  • 2) To Spray the herbicide when wind speed does not exceed 6 to 7 mph. (waterfilteradvisor.com)
  • Add 2 to 3 tablespoons of 2,4-D herbicide. (waterfilteradvisor.com)
  • 7)Avoid the treated area until the 2,4-D herbicide has dried completely. (waterfilteradvisor.com)
  • It was developed in the late 1940s, synthesized by reaction of 2,4,5-Trichlorophenol and chloroacetic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Agent Pink contained 100% 2,4,5-T (dioxin contaminates included). (wikipedia.org)
  • Commercial products may contain toxic dioxin (see ICSC 1467 2,3,7,8-TCDD). (ilo.org)
  • 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin Levels in Adipose Tissue of Vietnam Veterans. (epa.gov)
  • The dioxin-derivative specifically associated with to Agent Orange is 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), which is one of the more toxic dioxin-like substances known. (hillandponton.com)
  • Agent Orange was a 50:50 mixture of 2.4.5-trichlorophe-noxyacetic acid (2.4.5-T) and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2.4-D). At the time it was sprayed, 2.3,7,8-Ietrachlorodiben7o-p-dioxin (TCDD) was an unintended contaminant from the production of 2.4.5-T. and was present in Agent Orange and other formulations sprayed in Vietnam. (echo23marines6569.org)
  • 2-Methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic Acid" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (wakehealth.edu)
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "2-Methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic Acid" by people in this website by year, and whether "2-Methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic Acid" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (wakehealth.edu)
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "2-Methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic Acid" by people in Profiles. (wakehealth.edu)
  • 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid/Silvex: Position Document 4. (epa.gov)
  • The recommendations on this card also apply to salts of 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid. (ilo.org)
  • The most widely used fungicides in agriculture are the alkali and metal salts of the alkelenebis-(dithiocarbamate) acids. (cdc.gov)
  • Any of the complex acids that occur as salts in bile, e.g., cholic, glycocholic, and taurocholic acids. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • With proper temperature control during production of 2,4,5-T, TCDD levels can be held to about .005 ppm. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1984. Schecter AJ, Tong HY, Monson SJ, Goss ML. Levels of 2,3,7,8-TCDD in silt samples collected between 1985 and 1986 from rivers in the North and South of Vietnam. (wikipedia.org)
  • The author recommends that exposure to 2,4,5-T be controlled. (cdc.gov)
  • Cox proportional hazards models, adjusted for age and state, were used to estimate associations between ESRD and: (1) ordinal categories of intensity-weighted lifetime use of 39 pesticides, (2) poisoning and high-level pesticide exposures and (3) pesticide exposure resulting in a medical visit or hospitalisation. (bmj.com)
  • Men who work with 2,4-D are at risk for abnormally shaped sperm and other fertility problems it can depend on the amount and duration of exposure and other personal factors. (waterfilteradvisor.com)
  • In the Vietnam War, it was mixed with other compounds called 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid to make the Agent Orange, a compound that has already been proved to be carcinogenic. (waterfilteradvisor.com)
  • It is a building block of proteins, participates in the citric acid and urea cycles, and is a neurotransmitter. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Cometabolism of 2,4,5-T is possible to produce 3,5-dichlorocatechol which, in turn, can be degraded by Pseudomonas bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • This indicated that Pseudomonas sp.1-7 degraded PNP by two different pathways, namely the HQ pathway, and the hydroxyquinol (BT) pathway (also referred to as the 4-NC pathway). (biomedcentral.com)
  • The cloning, sequencing, and characterization of these genes along with the functional PNP degradation studies identified 4-NC, HQ, 4-HS, and MA as intermediates in the degradation pathway of PNP by Pseudomonas sp.1-7. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 2 ] and Pseudomonas sp. (biomedcentral.com)
  • strain PN1, a two component PNP monooxygenase NpsA1A2 was found to catalyze PNP to both HQ and BT in the presence of ascorbic acid as a reducing reagent. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Human health effects from 2,4,5-T at low environmental doses or at biomonitored levels from low environmental exposures are unknown. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2,4,5-T itself is toxic with a NOAEL of 3 mg/kg/day and a LOAEL of 10 mg/kg/day. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yes, 2-4D can be considered a toxic compound, it's a known potential carcinogenic compound in mammals. (waterfilteradvisor.com)
  • Using quercetine combined with 2-4-D may attenuate the toxic effect of it, but there is still the need to regulate 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and maintain the safe levels. (waterfilteradvisor.com)
  • Boric acid is toxic and should be used only rarely. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • 2. This product is highly toxic to fish, shrimp, and bees. (ballyabio.com)
  • The hydroxyquinol (BT) pathway is always used in gram-positive bacteria such as Bacillus sphaericus JS905 [ 7 ] and Rhodococcus opacus SAO101 [ 5 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • It is metabolized primarily by the cyclo-oxygenase or 5-lipoxygenase pathways to produce prostaglandins and leukotrienes, which are important mediators of inflammation. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Evaluation of poly lactic-co-glycolic acid-coated ß-tricalcium phosphate for alveolar ridge preservation: A multicenter randomized controlled trial. (harvard.edu)
  • IARC considers the chlorophenoxyacetic acids group of chemicals as possibly carcinogenic to humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Canada, the use and sale of 2,4,5-T was prohibited after 1985. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2,4,5-T has since largely been replaced by dicamba and triclopyr. (wikipedia.org)
  • Note: On December 1, 2008, subsection (2) is amended by striking out "or Schedule 5 to Ontario Regulation 252/05 (Non-Residential and Non-Municipal Seasonal Residential Systems that Do Not Serve Designated Facilities), as the case may be" at the end. (ontario.ca)
  • Agent Orange, a defoliant used by the British in the Malayan Emergency and the U.S. in the Vietnam War, was equal parts 2,4,5-T and 2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid). (wikipedia.org)
  • The 2, 4, 5,-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid that is present in Monsanto's pesticide is similar to Agent Orange 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid," Fuentes said. (masipag.org)
  • The origins of Agent Orange lie in an obscure laboratory at the University of Chicago where, during World War II, the chairman of the school's biology department, E. J. Kraus, discovered that direct doses of 2,4-D can kill certain broadleaf vegetation by causing the plants to experience sudden, uncontrolled growth not unlike that of cancer cells in the human body. (dissidentvoice.org)
  • 2) because the surface soil contains organic chemicals and metals at concentrations potentially of human health concern, and trespassing occurs. (cdc.gov)
  • The solution in water is a weak acid. (ilo.org)
  • H 3 BO 3 , a white crystalline acid that in water forms a very weak acid solution poisonous to plants and animals. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • A U.S. Navy RF-8 Crusader reconnaissance aircraft photographed an SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missile site under construction in North Vietnam for the first time. (shinetechdev.com)
  • 2. In the early stage of the occurrence of whiteflies such as vegetables and melons, 20-35 ml of 3% bifenthrin aqueous emulsion or 20-25 liters of 10% bifenthrin aqueous emulsion can be used per mu, with 40-60 kg of water Spray control. (ballyabio.com)
  • 3. For inchworms, small green leafhoppers, tea caterpillars, black whiteflies, etc. on tea trees, 1000-1 500 times the liquid spray can be used to prevent and control the 2-3 instar young and nymphs. (ballyabio.com)
  • 4. For the occurrence of aphids, whiteflies, spider mites and other adult and nymphs on cruciferous, cucurbitaceous and other vegetables, you can use 1000-1500 times the spray to control. (ballyabio.com)
  • 5. For the control of mites such as cotton, red spider mites, citrus leaf miners and other pests, you can spray plants with 1000-1500 times the liquid during the egg hatching or full-hatch period and the adult period. (ballyabio.com)
  • 2,4,5-T". Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health Concentrations (IDLH). (wikipedia.org)
  • Equations with 4 independent weather variables for all months prior to the date of hay harvest produced high R2 values for production (82%), and N (80%), P (81%), K (81%) and CA (91%) concentrations. (arizona.edu)
  • Equations with 4 independent weather variables for those months prior to June produced only a moderate R2 value (48%) for production, but produced high R2 values for N (76%), P (74%), K (74%) and Ca (79%) concentrations. (arizona.edu)