EsterasesCarboxylic Ester Hydrolases: Enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of carboxylic acid esters with the formation of an alcohol and a carboxylic acid anion.Naphthol AS D Esterase: Hydrolytic enzyme activity used as a histocytochemical test for the presence of esterases in tissue. Substrate used is 3-hydroxy-4'-nitro-2-naphthanilide chloroacetate (naphthol AS-D).Sterol Esterase: An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and some other sterol esters, to liberate cholesterol plus a fatty acid anion.Acetylesterase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of acetate esters and water to alcohols and acetate. EC 3.1.1.6.Carboxylesterase: Carboxylesterase is a serine-dependent esterase with wide substrate specificity. The enzyme is involved in the detoxification of XENOBIOTICS and the activation of ester and of amide PRODRUGS.Isoflurophate: A di-isopropyl-fluorophosphate which is an irreversible cholinesterase inhibitor used to investigate the NERVOUS SYSTEM.EstersParaoxon: An organophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as a pesticide.Hydrolysis: The process of cleaving a chemical compound by the addition of a molecule of water.Complement C1 Inhibitor Protein: An endogenous 105-kDa plasma glycoprotein produced primarily by the LIVER and MONOCYTES. It inhibits a broad spectrum of proteases, including the COMPLEMENT C1R and the COMPLEMENT C1S proteases of the CLASSICAL COMPLEMENT PATHWAY, and the MANNOSE-BINDING PROTEIN-ASSOCIATED SERINE PROTEASES. C1-INH-deficient individuals suffer from HEREDITARY ANGIOEDEMA TYPES I AND II.Complement C1 Inactivator Proteins: Serum proteins that inhibit, antagonize, or inactivate COMPLEMENT C1 or its subunits.Substrate Specificity: A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.Triacetin: A triglyceride that is used as an antifungal agent.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Pseudocholinesterase: An aspect of cholinesterases.Lipase: An enzyme of the hydrolase class that catalyzes the reaction of triacylglycerol and water to yield diacylglycerol and a fatty acid anion. It is produced by glands on the tongue and by the pancreas and initiates the digestion of dietary fats. (From Dorland, 27th ed) EC 3.1.1.3.Tritolyl Phosphates: A mixture of isomeric tritolyl phosphates. Used in the sterilization of certain surgical instruments and in many industrial processes.NitrophenolsAmino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Phenylmethylsulfonyl Fluoride: An enzyme inhibitor that inactivates IRC-50 arvin, subtilisin, and the fatty acid synthetase complex.Electrophoresis, Starch Gel: Electrophoresis in which a starch gel (a mixture of amylose and amylopectin) is used as the diffusion medium.Angioedema: Swelling involving the deep DERMIS, subcutaneous, or submucosal tissues, representing localized EDEMA. Angioedema often occurs in the face, lips, tongue, and larynx.Reagent Strips: Narrow pieces of material impregnated or covered with a substance used to produce a chemical reaction. The strips are used in detecting, measuring, producing, etc., other substances. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Insecticide Resistance: The development by insects of resistance to insecticides.Acetylcholinesterase: An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ACETYLCHOLINE to CHOLINE and acetate. In the CNS, this enzyme plays a role in the function of peripheral neuromuscular junctions. EC 3.1.1.7.Butyrylcholinesterase: An aspect of cholinesterase (EC 3.1.1.8).Xylans: Polysaccharides consisting of xylose units.Organophosphorus Compounds: Organic compounds that contain phosphorus as an integral part of the molecule. Included under this heading is broad array of synthetic compounds that are used as PESTICIDES and DRUGS.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.CholinesterasesNaphthols: Naphthalene derivatives carrying one or more hydroxyl (-OH) groups at any ring position. They are often used in dyes and pigments, as antioxidants for rubber, fats, and oils, as insecticides, in pharmaceuticals, and in numerous other applications.Enzyme Stability: The extent to which an enzyme retains its structural conformation or its activity when subjected to storage, isolation, and purification or various other physical or chemical manipulations, including proteolytic enzymes and heat.Insecticides: Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.Ophiostoma: A genus of fungi in the family Ophiostomataceae, order OPHIOSTOMATALES. Several species are the source of Dutch elm disease, which is spread by the elm bark beetle.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Coumaric Acids: Hydroxycinnamic acid and its derivatives. Act as activators of the indoleacetic acid oxidizing system, thereby producing a decrease in the endogenous level of bound indoleacetic acid in plants.Umbelliferones: 7-Hydroxycoumarins. Substances present in many plants, especially umbelliferae. Umbelliferones are used in sunscreen preparations and may be mutagenic. Their derivatives are used in liver therapy, as reagents, plant growth factors, sunscreens, insecticides, parasiticides, choleretics, spasmolytics, etc.Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel: Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.Naphthaleneacetic Acids: Naphthalene derivatives containing the -CH2CCO2H radical at the 1-position, the 2-position, or both. Compounds are used as plant growth regulators to delay sprouting, exert weed control, thin fruit, etc.Histocytochemistry: Study of intracellular distribution of chemicals, reaction sites, enzymes, etc., by means of staining reactions, radioactive isotope uptake, selective metal distribution in electron microscopy, or other methods.Xylosidases: A group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of alpha- or beta-xylosidic linkages. EC 3.2.1.8 catalyzes the endo-hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-xylosidic linkages; EC 3.2.1.32 catalyzes the endo-hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-xylosidic linkages; EC 3.2.1.37 catalyzes the exo-hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-linkages from the non-reducing termini of xylans; and EC 3.2.1.72 catalyzes the exo-hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-linkages from the non-reducing termini of xylans. Other xylosidases have been identified that catalyze the hydrolysis of alpha-xylosidic bonds.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Receptors, Prostaglandin E, EP4 Subtype: A subtype of prostaglandin E receptors that specifically couples to GS ALPHA GTP-BINDING PROTEIN SUBUNITS and subsequently activates ADENYLYL CYCLASES. The receptor may also signal through the activation of PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL 3-KINASE.Receptors, Prostaglandin E, EP2 Subtype: A subtype of prostaglandin E receptors that specifically couples to GS ALPHA GTP-BINDING PROTEIN SUBUNITS and subsequently activates ADENYLYL CYCLASES.Calcitonin: A peptide hormone that lowers calcium concentration in the blood. In humans, it is released by thyroid cells and acts to decrease the formation and absorptive activity of osteoclasts. Its role in regulating plasma calcium is much greater in children and in certain diseases than in normal adults.Receptors, Prostaglandin E, EP1 Subtype: A subtype of prostaglandin E receptors that specifically couples to GTP-BINDING PROTEIN ALPHA SUBUNIT, GQ and the subsequently activates TYPE C PHOSPHOLIPASES. Additional evidence has shown that the receptor can act through a calcium-dependent signaling pathway.Receptors, Prostaglandin E, EP3 Subtype: A subtype of prostaglandin E receptors that specifically couples to GTP-BINDING PROTEIN ALPHA SUBUNIT, GI and subsequently inhibits ADENYLYL CYCLASES.Glycerylphosphorylcholine: A component of PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINES or LECITHINS, in which the two hydroxy groups of GLYCEROL are esterified with fatty acids. (From Stedman, 26th ed) It counteracts the effects of urea on enzymes and other macromolecules.Trichlorfon: An organochlorophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide for the control of flies and roaches. It is also used in anthelmintic compositions for animals. (From Merck, 11th ed)Lysophospholipase: An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a single fatty acid ester bond in lysoglycerophosphatidates with the formation of glyceryl phosphatidates and a fatty acid. EC 3.1.1.5.Leptophos: An organothiophosphate insecticide.Terphenyl Compounds: Compounds consisting of benzene rings linked to each other in either ortho, meta or para positions. Permitted are any substitutions, but ring fusion to any of the benzene rings is not allowed.
Haslam E, Stangroom JE (April 1966). "The esterase and depsidase activities of tannase". Biochem. J. 99 (1): 28-31. PMC 1264952 ... tannase may also have an esterase activity (hydrolysis of terminal ester functional groups that are attached to only one of the ... Bhat TK, Singh B, Sharma OP (1998). "Microbial degradation of tannins--a current perspective". Biodegradation. 9 (5): 343-57. ...
2003). "Catalog of 680 variations among eight cytochrome p450 ( CYP) genes, nine esterase genes, and two other genes in the ... Molecular cloning of a novel esterase involved in the metabolic activation of arylamine carcinogens with high sequence ... "Entrez Gene: AADAC arylacetamide deacetylase (esterase)". Probst MR, Jenö P, Meyer UA (1991). "Purification and ... "Determination of lumenal orientation of microsomal 50-kDa esterase/N-deacetylase". Biochemistry. 37 (28): 10336-44. doi:10.1021 ...
Winrow CJ, Hemming ML, Allen DM, Quistad GB, Casida JE, Barlow C (2003). "Loss of neuropathy target esterase in mice links ... Quistad GB, Barlow C, Winrow CJ, Sparks SE, Casida JE (2003). "Evidence that mouse brain neuropathy target esterase is a ... van Tienhoven M, Atkins J, Li Y, Glynn P (2002). "Human neuropathy target esterase catalyzes hydrolysis of membrane lipids". J ... "Neuropathy target esterase and a homologous Drosophila neurodegeneration-associated mutant protein contain a novel domain ...
Also other esterase enzymes as CaE and BChE are inhibited by AzM. In general AzM exposure can be better detected by AChE ... Ferrari, A (2011). "Effects of azinphos methyl and carbaryl on Rhinella arenarum larvae esterases and antioxidant enzymes". ... Nebeker, A.V. (1998). "Impact of guthion on survival and growth of the frog Pseudacris regilla and the salamanders Ambystoma ...
2003). "Catalog of 680 variations among eight cytochrome p450 ( CYP) genes, nine esterase genes, and two other genes in the ... "Entrez Gene: UCHL3 ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal esterase L3 (ubiquitin thiolesterase)". Dennissen FJ, Kholod N, Hermes DJ, ... Wada H, Kito K, Caskey LS, Yeh ET, Kamitani T (October 1998). "Cleavage of the C-terminus of NEDD8 by UCH-L3". Biochem. Biophys ...
In the breakdown process of modafinil, modafinil is primarily hydrolyzed by an esterase or amidase enzyme into modafinil acid. ... 1998). "Comparison of the Single-Dose Pharmacokinetics and Tolerability of Modafinil and Dextroamphetamine Administered Alone ...
"Biochemical and molecular characterization of the extracellular esterase from Streptomyces diastatochromogenes". Journal of ... Momose, I; Chen, W; Nakamura, H; Naganawa, H; Iinuma, H; Takeuchi, T (January 1998). "Polyketomycin, a new antibiotic from ... ISBN 0-412-25450-6. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Buckingham, Executive ed.: J. (1998). Fourth Supplement (1. ed ... Kaneko, Satoshi; Higashi, Kazuaki; Yasui, Tsuneo; Kusakabe, Isao (January 1998). "Substrate specificity of α-l- ...
... hydrolysis by esterases, mainly paraoxonase to form ulifloxacin, the active metabolite). Unchanged ulifloxacin is predominantly ... Kawahara S (1998). "[Chemotherapeutic agents under study]". Nippon Rinsho (in Japanese). 56 (12): 3096-9. PMID 9883617. ...
"Influence of three diets on susceptibility of selected insecticides and activities of detoxification esterases of Helicoverpa ... December 1998. EPA-738-F-98-019. Blanco, Carlos (2012). "Heliothis virescens and Bt cotton in the United States". GM Crops and ...
... (EC 3.4.21.42, C1 esterase, activated complement C1s, complement C overbar 1r, C1s) is a protein ... C1 esterase and acrosin, for peptide p-nitroanilide substrates". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. 996 (1-2): 89-94. doi:10.1016/ ... "Structural and circular-dichroism studies on the interaction between human C1-esterase inhibitor and C1s". The Biochemical ... Endo Y, Takahashi M, Nakao M, Saiga H, Sekine H, Matsushita M, Nonaka M, Fujita T (November 1998). "Two lineages of mannose- ...
doi:10.1016/S0169-5347(03)00069-7. Wang, S; Fang, W; Wang, C; St; Leger, RJ (2011). "Insertion of an Esterase Gene into a ... 1998). Formulation of microbial biopesticides, beneficial microorganisms, nematodes and seed treatments. Dordrecht, Netherlands ...
... with special reference to esterases associated with insecticide resistance. Bulletin of Entomological Research 88, 513-526. ... Loxdale, H.D., Brookes, C.P., Wynne, I.R. & Clark, S.J. (1998) Genetic variability within and between English populations of ...
In enzymology, juvenile hormone esterase (JH esterase) is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of juvenile hormone. For ... Other names in common use include JH esterase, juvenile hormone esterase, and juvenile hormone carboxyesterase. Juvenile ... JH esterase and JH epoxide hydrolase are crucial in terminating the action of JH. The role of juvenile hormone binding proteins ... Juvenile hormone esterase is induced by factors naturally occurring in the head of insects. In addition, it is induced by ...
... is a neuropathy target esterase enzyme that in humans is encoded by the PNPLA6 gene. Neuropathy target esterase is a ... Neuropathy target esterase is an enzyme with phospholipase B activity: It sequentially hydrolyses both fatty acids from the ... Read DJ, Li Y, Chao MV, Cavanagh JB, Glynn P (September 2009). "Neuropathy target esterase is required for adult vertebrate ... Chang PA; Liu ChY; Chen R; Wu YJ (2006). "Effect of over-expression of neuropathy target esterase on mammalian cell ...
The esterase domain is similar in structure to Streptomyces scabies esterase, and to acetylhydrolase, thioesterase I and ... the receptor-binding haemagglutinin domain is inserted into a surface loop of the esterase domain, and the esterase domain is ... The esterase region of HEF is responsible for the destruction of the receptor, an action that is carried out by neuraminidase ... The haemagglutinin-esterase glycoprotein HEF must be cleaved by the host's trypsin-like proteases to produce two peptides (HEF1 ...
Hepatic and plasma esterases Half-life distribution: 2.7 minutes Half-life redistribution: 29 minutes Half-life elimination: ... 2.9 to 5.3 hours Etomidate is highly protein-bound in blood plasma and is metabolised by hepatic and plasma esterases to ... Bergen, JM; Smith, DC (1998). "A review of etomidate for rapid sequence intubation in the emergency department". J Emerg Med. ... Tomlin, Sarah L.; Jenkins, Andrew; Lieb, William R.; Franks, Nicholas P. (1998). "Stereoselective Effects of Etomidate Optical ...
Ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal esterase L3-the gene UCHL3 Alpha synuclein Parkinson disease Proteasome GRCh38: Ensembl release 89 ... "Entrez Gene: UCHL1 ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal esterase L1 (ubiquitin thiolesterase)". Das C, Hoang QQ, Kreinbring CA, ... Wada H, Kito K, Caskey LS, Yeh ET, Kamitani T (Oct 1998). "Cleavage of the C-terminus of NEDD8 by UCH-L3". Biochemical and ... Leroy E, Boyer R, Polymeropoulos MH (Dec 1998). "Intron-exon structure of ubiquitin c-terminal hydrolase-L1". DNA Research. 5 ( ...
"Combined activation of methyl paraben by light irradiation and esterase metabolism toward oxidative DNA damage". Chemical ... 1998). "Some alkyl hydroxy benzoate preservatives (parabens) are estrogenic". Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. 153 (1): 12- ...
Haslam E, Stangroom JE (April 1966). "The esterase and depsidase activities of tannase". Biochem. J. 99 (1): 28-31. PMC 1264952 ... Nielsen J, Nielsen PH, Frisvad JC (1998). "Fungl depside, guisinol, from a marine derived strain of Emericella unguis". ...
Hui DY, Kissel JA (1991). "Sequence identity between human pancreatic cholesterol esterase and bile salt-stimulated milk lipase ... 1994). "[Cloning, determination of primary structure, and expression of the C-terminal segment of human cholesterol-esterase/ ... 1992). "Structure of the human pancreatic cholesterol esterase gene". Biochemistry. 31 (26): 6077-81. doi:10.1021/bi00141a017. ... 1998). "Molecular cloning of the bile salt-dependent lipase of ferret lactating mammary gland: an overview of functional ...
Both monoblasts and promonocytes stain positive for non-specific esterase (NSE), however NSE may often be negative. ... Oct 1998). "Secondary leukemia following high cumulative doses of etoposide in patients treated for advanced germ cell tumors ...
When the fruit body is injured and the latex is exposed, an esterase enzyme (an enzyme that splits esters into an acid and an ... Grgurinovic C. (1998). "Mycena in Australia: Section Lactipedes". Botanical Journal of Scotland. 50 (2): 199-208. doi:10.1080/ ... mellea, was raised to species level and renamed M. thunderboltensis in 1998. The variety candida was described by Jakob Emanuel ...
Because only influenza virus C produces esterase, In Situ Esterase Assays provide a quick and inexpensive method of detecting ... Type C is the only influenza virus to express the enzyme esterase. This enzyme is similar to the enzyme neuraminidase produced ... Wagaman PC, Spence HA, O'Callaghan RJ (May 1989). "Detection of influenza C virus by using an in situ esterase assay". J. Clin ... hemagglutinin-esterase fusion (HEF). These glycoproteins allow for attachment and fusion of viral and cellular membranes. ...
"Influence of three diets on susceptibility of selected insecticides and activities of detoxification esterases of Helicoverpa ... doi:10.1016/0022-1910(94)90101-5. Yeon Choi, Man; Tanaka, Minoru; Kataoka, Hiroshi; Saeng Boo, Kyung; Tatsuki, Sadahiro (1998- ...
"Functional expression of an ajmaline pathway-specific esterase from Rauvolfia in a novel plant-virus expression system". Planta ... Whitmer, S.; Verpoorte, R.; Canel, C. (1998). "Influence of auxins on alkaloid accumulation by a transgenic cell line of ... 1998). "Effects of over-expression of strictosidine synthase and tryptophan decarboxylase on alkaloid production by cell ...
... extent to which fluorescein dilaurate is broken down to yield lauric acid can be detected as a measure of pancreatic esterase ... 1998. doi:10.1016/S0091-6749(18)30566-9. PMID 9673591. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-07-24.. ...
In enzymology, juvenile hormone esterase (JH esterase) is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of juvenile hormone. For ... Other names in common use include JH esterase, juvenile hormone esterase, and juvenile hormone carboxyesterase. Juvenile ... JH esterase and JH epoxide hydrolase are crucial in terminating the action of JH. The role of juvenile hormone binding proteins ... Juvenile hormone esterase is induced by factors naturally occurring in the head of insects. In addition, it is induced by ...
KUGIMIYA WATARU ET AL: "Molecular cloning and structure of the gene for esterase from a thermophilic bacterium, Bacillus ... HUDDLESTON S ET AL: "The identification and partial characterisation of a novel inducible extracellular thermostable esterase ... www.google.co.ukhttp://www.google.co.uk/patents/EP0880590A4?cl=en&utm_source=gb-gplus-sharePatent EP0880590A4 - Esterases. ... 2 Dec 1998. AK. Designated contracting states:. Kind code of ref document: A1 ...
... the esterase domain of viral haemagglutinin-esterase surface glycoproteins (influenza C virus, coronaviruses and toroviruses) [ ... SGNH hydrolase-type esterase domain (IPR013830). Short name: SGNH_hydro Overlapping homologous superfamilies *SGNH hydrolase ... This entry represents the SGNH hydrolase-type esterase domain, which has a similar fold to flavoproteins, namely a three-layer ... A novel variant of the catalytic triad in the Streptomyces scabies esterase.. Nat. Struct. Biol. 2 218-23 1995 ...
Sequences for esterase A from S. chrysomallus X2 (EstA S.c), esterase III from Pseudomonas fluorescens (EstIII P.f), esterase A ... This unambiguously identifies the estA gene product as an esterase. Furthermore, the plasmid-encoded esterase activity was ... we describe for the first time a cell-bound esterase from a streptomycete. Previously described cell-bound esterases from other ... Esterase sequences show the conserved motif G-X1-S-X2-G containing the active-site serine representing the nucleophilic residue ...
... is a neuropathy target esterase enzyme that in humans is encoded by the PNPLA6 gene. Neuropathy target esterase is a ... Neuropathy target esterase is an enzyme with phospholipase B activity: It sequentially hydrolyses both fatty acids from the ... Read DJ, Li Y, Chao MV, Cavanagh JB, Glynn P (September 2009). "Neuropathy target esterase is required for adult vertebrate ... Chang PA; Liu ChY; Chen R; Wu YJ (2006). "Effect of over-expression of neuropathy target esterase on mammalian cell ...
2008). Feruloyl esterases (or ferulic acid esterases) or cinnamoyl esterases are carbohydrate esterase class of enzymes which ... Pectin Lignin-carbohydrate complexes Pectin methyl esterase Feruloyl esterase Cinnamoyl esterase Glucuronoyl esterase ... Pectin methyl esterases, feruloyl/cinnamoyl esterases and glucuronoyl esterases play a significant role in plant biomass ... glucuronoyl esterases share various industrial applications in common with feruloyl esterases. Glucuronoyl esterases are ...
The esterase active site of PToV HE closely resembles those of BCoV HE and HEF (Fig. 3A). BToV-Breda HE, however, displays a ... 1999) The hemagglutinin-esterase of mouse hepatitis virus strain S is a sialate-4-O-acetylesterase. J Virol 73:4721-4727. ... 4A) (10). Scrutiny of the PToV HE esterase site revealed a subtle yet conspicuous difference from the other HEs in the region ... Structure of the PToV and BToV HE esterase sites and comparison to BCoV HE and HEF. (A) Superposition of PToV HE (orange), BCoV ...
This esterase-diminished strain was no longer able to grow on defined minimal medium supplemented with tributyrin as the sole ... We scored a greater number of active esterase clones in the thermophilic bacterium than in the mesophilic E. coli. From several ... Four open reading frames (ORFs) were found which did not share significant similarity to known esterase enzymes. Two of the ... which based on their primary structures could not be assigned to known esterase or lipase families, were purified and ...
Esterase of bakers yeast. III. The ester/acid ratio in model solution. J. Inst. Brew. 88 1982 34 38 ... Roles of esterase and alcohol acetyltransferase on production of isoamyl acetate in Hansenula mrakii. J. Agric. Food Chem. 45 ... Isoamyl acetate-hydrolyzing esterase activity in strain YPHT/YEp24-IAH1 was eight times higher than that of control strain YPHT ... Isoamyl acetate-hydrolyzing esterase and AATFase activities of transformants were compared after culturing of the cells in YPD ...
A novel gene ( fae-xuan) encoding a feruloyl esterase was identified through functional screening. Primary... ... Expanding the feruloyl esterase gene family of Aspergillus niger by characterization of a feruloyl esterase, FaeC. New ... The feruloyl esterase system of Talaromyces stipitatus: production of three discrete feruloyl esterases, including a novel ... Identification of two feruloyl esterases in Dickeya dadantii 3937 and induction of the major feruloyl esterase and of pectate ...
Leukocyte esterase reagent strips for the rapid diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection. J Arthroplast. 2012;27:8-11. https ... Aggarwal VK, Tischler E, Ghanem E, Parvizi J. Leukocyte esterase from synovial fluid aspirate: a technical note. J Arthroplasty ... The alpha-defensin immunoassay and leukocyte esterase colorimetric strip test for the diagnosis of periprosthetic infection: a ... Tischler EH, Cavanaugh PK, Parvizi J. Leukocyte esterase strip test: matched for musculoskeletal infection society criteria. J ...
C1 esterase inhibitor deficiency, airway compromise, and anesthesia. Anesth Analg 1998; 87:480-8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Acquired C1 esterase inhibitor deficiency. Anaesthesia 1986; 41:838-40.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ... C1-esterase inhibitor in ACE inhibitor-induced severe angioedema of the tongue (German). Anaesthesiol Reanim 2001; 26:133-7. ... Effect of activation and inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system on plasma PAI-1. Hypertension 1998; 32:965-71.PubMedGoogle ...
From 2001 to 2004, a slight reduction in α-Esterase (EST) and β-EST activity together with a gradual increase of p-nitrophenyl ... In contrast, higher Esterase activity, studied with three substrates, was found in all examined populations collected in 2001. ... Serum esterases. 1. Two types of esterases (A and B) hydrolysing p-nitrophenyl acetate, propionate and butyrate, and a method ... Esterases. Kuby AK, Kuby SE, Kuby SA, eds. Study of Enzymes VII. London and New York: CRC Press; 563-579.. ...
Colorimetric detection of reaction products is typically preferred for initial surveys of acetyl xylan esterase (AcXE) activity ... A colorimetric assay for the determination of acetyl xylan esterase or cephalosporin C acetyl esterase activities using 7-amino ... A new family of carbohydrate esterases is represented by a GDSL hydrolase/acetylxylan esterase from Geobacillus ... Acetyl xylan esterase Colorimetric assays pNP-acetate α-Naphthyl acetate 4-Methylumbelliferyl acetate Acetylated ...
Directed evolution of a thermostable esterase. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 12809-12813. doi:10.1073/pnas.95.22.12809. ... 1998). Engineering an enzyme to resist boiling. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 2056-2060. doi:10.1073/pnas.95.5.2056. ... 1998). All-atom empirical potential for molecular modeling and dynamics studies of proteins. J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 3586-3616. ... 1998). Protein thermostability in extremophiles. Biochimie. 80, 933-941. doi:10.1016/S0300-9084(00)88890-2. ...
Characterization of esterase EstCS2. Because the sequence of EstCS2 is closely related to the polyurethane esterase from Deftia ... Screening of esterase clones and DNA sequence analysis. Screening a metagenomic fosmid library for esterase-positive clones was ... The esterase showed highest activity with p- nitrophenyl caproate (pNPC, C6) among the p- nitrophenyl esters tested, while p- ... The polyurethane esterase indicator plate was prepared with a sonicated emulsion of 0.5% poly DEGA in 20 mM Tris-HCl at pH 8.0 ...
The leukocyte esterase test (LET) is a dipstick test that is applied to urine specimens to screen for urinary tract ... Urinary leukocyte esterase screening test for asymptomatic chlamydial and gonococcal infections in males. JAMA 1989;262:2562--6 ... Finally, the urine leukocyte esterase test, which has a low sensitivity but is inexpensive, has been used to select specimens ... Reappraising the value of urine leukocyte esterase testing in the age of nucleic acid amplification. Sex Transm Dis 1998;25:322 ...
Esterase-Based Resistance: The esterase-based resistance mechanisms have been most extensively studied in Culex mosquitoes and ... The commonest amplified esterase-based mechanism involves the co-amplification of two esterases, esta21 and estß21 in C. ... Amplified esterases are expressed at different levels. For example, there is four-fold more estß than esta in resistant C. ... Amplification of an esterase gene is responsible for insecticide resistance in a Californian Culex mosquito. Science233:778-780 ...
Feruloyl Esterase Protocols. From OpenWetWare. Revision as of 09:46, 29 March 2012 by Michael A. Speer. (talk , contribs) (→‎ ... 2008). "Influence of inoculating forage with lactic acid bacterial strains that produce ferulate esterase on ensilage and ... These are methods to screen for and assay Ferulic-acid Esterase activity. ... 2002). "A spectrophotometric assay for feruloyl esterases." Analytical Biochemistry 309(1): 96-101. ...
2008). "Influence of inoculating forage with lactic acid bacterial strains that produce ferulate esterase on ensilage and ... These are methods to screen for and assay Ferulic-acid Esterase activity. ... 2002). "A spectrophotometric assay for feruloyl esterases." Analytical Biochemistry 309(1): 96-101. ... "Detection of ferulic acid esterase production by Bacillus spp. and lactobacilli." Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 50(2 ...
... knowledge about the esterases (feruloyl esterases) implicated is still limited. Feruloyl esterases are the enzymes involved in ... S5 in the supplemental material). Therefore, the Est_1092 esterase from L. plantarum is not only a feruloyl esterase which ... Spectrophotometric assays for esterase activity and substrate specificity.Esterase activity was determined by a ... These results confirmed that Est_1092 is an esterase able to hydrolyze hydroxycinnamic esters. Apart from the feruloyl esterase ...
Part 3: Structural Effects on the Release Kinetics of Esterase-sensitive Prodrugs of Amines Bioorg. Med. Chem. 1998, 6, 417- ... Wang, B.; Shan, D.; Wang, W.; Zhang, H.; Gudmundsson, O.S.; Borchardt, R.T. Synthesis of Coumarin-Based, Esterase-Sensitive ... Studies of an Esterase-sensitive Cyclic Prodrug of DADLE, an Opioid Peptide Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 1996, 6, 2823-2826. ... Synthesis and Evaluation of Novel Coumarin-Based Esterase-Sensitive Cyclic Prodrugs of Peptidomimetic RGD Analogs with Improved ...
Cholesteryl esterase-treated LDL augments oxidized LDL-mediated cholesteryl ester deposition in mouse peritoneal macrophages. ...
Kambhampati, S., R. Brossard & M.W. Dryden. Rapid assay for the detect-ion of esterases in the cat flea Ctenocephal-ides felis ... QI Yi-ming. A study on comparison of esterase isoenzyme on different strains of Xenopsylla cheopis (Rothschild). Journal of the ... Purification and characterization of the cat flea juvenile hormone esterases. 91. ...
An overview of the evolution of overproduced esterases in the mosquito Culex pipiens. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 353: ...
  • Enzymes containing this domain act as esterases and lipases, but have little sequence homology to true lipases [ PMID: 10801485 , PMID: 15522763 ]. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Esterase sequences show the conserved motif G-X 1 -S-X 2 -G containing the active-site serine representing the nucleophilic residue in the catalytic triad of these enzymes ( 4 , 13 ). (asm.org)
  • Among the carbohydrate-active enzymes (CAZy), carbohydrate esterases stand first during the process of enzymatic conversion of plant biomass, as these enzymes de-esterify the plant biomass and make it accessible for the hydrolytic enzymes such as cellulases, hemicellulases, ligninolytic and pectinases. (springer.com)
  • Whereas, lignin-carbohydrate complex de-esterifying enzymes are classified among CE1 (feruloyl esterase) and CE15 (glucuronoyl esterase) classes. (springer.com)
  • Four open reading frames (ORFs) were found which did not share significant similarity to known esterase enzymes but contained the conserved GXSXG motif regularly found in lipolytic enzymes. (frontiersin.org)
  • Fiber degradability, chemical composition and conservation characteristics of alfalfa haylage ensiled with exogenous fbrolytic enzymes and a ferulic acid esterase-producing inoculant. (springer.com)
  • To identify the production of enzymes that help with direct penetration by the pathogen, esterase activity, both in mycelial discs and in spore suspensions of the fungus in water and in modified Van Etten nutrient solution, was measured. (gsajournals.org)
  • The results provide valuable evidence for the ability of R.stolonifer to directly penetrate unwounded stone fruits, probably due to the production of esterase enzymes. (gsajournals.org)
  • While some esterases remove methoxyl side chains, thus enhancing the possibility of successful infection of plant tissue, others remove the groups which prevent access of the substrate to the active site resulting in the improvement of the rate at which main-chain-degrading enzymes hydrolyze the polysaccharide backbone. (readabstracts.com)
  • Many kinds of esters occur in nature and enzymes that degrade them, esterases, are ubiquitous in living organisms. (scribd.com)
  • Given the diversity of xylan structures, a complete hydrolysis of xylan involves the synergistic action of main chain degrading enzymes, including endo-β-1,4-xylanases (EC 3.2.1.8) and β-D-xylosidases (EC 3.2.1.37), and side group cleaving enzymes, including α-L-arabinofuranosidases (EC 3.2.1.55), α-glucuronidases (EC 3.2.1.139), acetyl xylan esterases (AXEs) (EC 3.1.1.72), and feruloyl esterases (EC 3.1.1.73). (biomedcentral.com)
  • The enzymes esterase, malic dehydrogenase, phosphoglicoisomerase and peroxidase were polymorphic in one or both cultivars. (ishs.org)
  • Database searches with the complete protein sequence deduced from the estA nucleotide sequence revealed the highest similarities to two cell-bound esterases from psychrotrophic pseudomonads ( 11 , 14 ) (43% identity to both) and to the ethyl chrysanthemate esterase from Arthrobacter globiformis ( 15 ) (38% identity) (Fig. 2 ). (asm.org)
  • They share 30% sequence identity and are equally identical to subunit 1 of the influenza C virus hemagglutinin-esterase fusion (HEF) protein. (pnas.org)
  • 1993. Malathion disposition in dermally and orally treated rats and its impact on the blood serum acetylcholine esterase and protein profile. (cdc.gov)
  • In addition, the hemagglutinin-esterase gene capable of encoding a protein of 439 amino acids (aa) was identified. (asm.org)
  • The putative functional site for acetylesterase activity was present in the HE protein as Phe-Gly-Asp-Ser (FGDS), suggesting that the SDAV HE protein might have retained the esterase activity. (asm.org)
  • 1998). "Acute intermittent nicotine treatment produces regional increases of basic fibroblast growth factor messenger RNA and protein in the tel-and diencephalon of the rat" Neuroscience, vol. 83(3): 723-740. (patentgenius.com)
  • No. A 003), a PDE-resistant activator of protein kinase A. During metabolic activation by esterases Sp-cAMPS and butyrate are released. (biolog.de)
  • Strong evidence implicates the small GTP-binding protein Rho in the formation of focal adhesions and stress fibers ( Hall 1998 ). (rupress.org)
  • Complement component 1s ( EC 3.4.21.42 , C1 esterase , activated complement C1s , complement C overbar 1r , C1s ) is a protein involved in the complement system . (wikipedia.org)
  • Variant plants provided profiles of dissociated protein, esterase, peroxidase and polyphenoloxidase not observed among the normal plants. (ishs.org)
  • Structure of the haemagglutinin-esterase-fusion glycoprotein of influenza C virus. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Of particular interest in this study is that ethyl and isopropyl analogs of natural JHs were NOT cleaved by the esterase, showing that it is methyl ester specific. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1998) added the ethyl ferulate solution directly to the media immediately before pouring the plates, and used a final concentration of 2mg/mL while Hassan and Pattat (2011) added it to the top agar at a stated concentration of 0.05mg/ml. (openwetware.org)
  • To make the classification available to the community, we have created the CAZy database ( www.cazy.org ), which has been meticulously curated and updated since its first version in 1998. (univ-mrs.fr)
  • JH esterase and JH epoxide hydrolase are crucial in terminating the action of JH. (wikipedia.org)
  • This entry represents the SGNH hydrolase-type esterase domain, which has a similar fold to flavoproteins, namely a three-layer alpha/beta/alpha structure, where the beta-sheets are composed of five parallel strands. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • 1998. Insecticides: Organophosphates and carbamates. (cdc.gov)
  • To test this hypothesis, we constructed yeast strains with different numbers of copies of the AATFase gene ( ATF1 ) and the isoamyl acetate-hydrolyzing esterase gene ( IAH1 ) and used these strains in small-scale sake brewing. (asm.org)
  • The activities of esterases, mixed function oxidases and cytochrome P-450 were higher in the resistant strains. (cnki.com.cn)
  • Hemagglutinin esterases (HEs), closely related envelope glycoproteins in influenza C and corona- and toroviruses, mediate reversible attachment to O -acetylated sialic acids (Sias). (pnas.org)
  • To increase the amount of isoamyl acetate in sake mash, two approaches are possible: (i) overproduction of AATFase and (ii) disruption of the esterase(s) that acts on isoamyl acetate. (asm.org)
  • This esterase-diminished strain was no longer able to grow on defined minimal medium supplemented with tributyrin as the sole carbon source and could be used as a host to screen for metagenomic DNA fragments that could complement growth on tributyrin. (frontiersin.org)
  • 1998). "Vasculogenesis, angiogenesis, and growth factors: Ephrins enter the fray at the border" Cell, vol. 93: 661-664. (patentgenius.com)
  • The study period includes the advent of PulseNet (a national molecular subtyping network for outbreak detection) in 1998 and the Listeria Initiative (enhanced surveillance for outbreak investigation) in 2004. (cdc.gov)
  • Structure-guided biochemical analysis of the esterase domains revealed that a functionally, but not structurally conserved arginine-Sia carboxylate interaction is critical for the binding and positioning of glycosidically bound Sias in the catalytic pocket. (pnas.org)
  • These efficient de-esterases will have various applications including pretreatment of plant biomass, food, beverage, pulp and paper, textile, pharmaceutical and biofuel industries. (springer.com)
  • PHOSMET (addendum) JMPR 1998 First draft prepared by T.C. Marrs Department of Health London, United Kingdom Explanation Evaluation for acceptable daily intake Delayed neuropathy Unscheduled DNA synthesis in vivo Comments Toxicological evaluation References Explanation Phosmet was evaluated toxicologically by the Joint Meeting in 1978 (Annex 1, reference 30), when a temporary ADI of 0-0.005 mg/kg bw was allocated. (inchem.org)