Episode of Care: An interval of care by a health care facility or provider for a specific medical problem or condition. It may be continuous or it may consist of a series of intervals marked by one or more brief separations from care, and can also identify the sequence of care (e.g., emergency, inpatient, outpatient), thus serving as one measure of health care provided.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Peritonitis: INFLAMMATION of the PERITONEUM lining the ABDOMINAL CAVITY as the result of infectious, autoimmune, or chemical processes. Primary peritonitis is due to infection of the PERITONEAL CAVITY via hematogenous or lymphatic spread and without intra-abdominal source. Secondary peritonitis arises from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY itself through RUPTURE or ABSCESS of intra-abdominal organs.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.MELAS Syndrome: A mitochondrial disorder characterized by focal or generalized seizures, episodes of transient or persistent neurologic dysfunction resembling strokes, and ragged-red fibers on muscle biopsy. Affected individuals tend to be normal at birth through early childhood, then experience growth failure, episodic vomiting, and recurrent cerebral insults resulting in visual loss and hemiparesis. The cortical lesions tend to occur in the parietal and occipital lobes and are not associated with vascular occlusion. VASCULAR HEADACHE is frequently associated and the disorder tends to be familial. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch56, p117)Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.Depressive Disorder, Major: Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.Bacteremia: The presence of viable bacteria circulating in the blood. Fever, chills, tachycardia, and tachypnea are common acute manifestations of bacteremia. The majority of cases are seen in already hospitalized patients, most of whom have underlying diseases or procedures which render their bloodstreams susceptible to invasion.Electrocardiography, Ambulatory: Method in which prolonged electrocardiographic recordings are made on a portable tape recorder (Holter-type system) or solid-state device ("real-time" system), while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It is useful in the diagnosis and management of intermittent cardiac arrhythmias and transient myocardial ischemia.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Hypoglycemia: A syndrome of abnormally low BLOOD GLUCOSE level. Clinical hypoglycemia has diverse etiologies. Severe hypoglycemia eventually lead to glucose deprivation of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM resulting in HUNGER; SWEATING; PARESTHESIA; impaired mental function; SEIZURES; COMA; and even DEATH.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Psychotic Disorders: Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Syncope: A transient loss of consciousness and postural tone caused by diminished blood flow to the brain (i.e., BRAIN ISCHEMIA). Presyncope refers to the sensation of lightheadedness and loss of strength that precedes a syncopal event or accompanies an incomplete syncope. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp367-9)Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Electrocardiography: Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.Catheters, Indwelling: Catheters designed to be left within an organ or passage for an extended period of time.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Vomiting: The forcible expulsion of the contents of the STOMACH through the MOUTH.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Monitoring, Physiologic: The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory: Portable peritoneal dialysis using the continuous (24 hours a day, 7 days a week) presence of peritoneal dialysis solution in the peritoneal cavity except for periods of drainage and instillation of fresh solution.Apnea: A transient absence of spontaneous respiration.Kidney Transplantation: The transference of a kidney from one human or animal to another.Bacterial Infections: Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Ventricular Fibrillation: A potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia that is characterized by uncoordinated extremely rapid firing of electrical impulses (400-600/min) in HEART VENTRICLES. Such asynchronous ventricular quivering or fibrillation prevents any effective cardiac output and results in unconsciousness (SYNCOPE). It is one of the major electrocardiographic patterns seen with CARDIAC ARREST.Atrial Fibrillation: Abnormal cardiac rhythm that is characterized by rapid, uncoordinated firing of electrical impulses in the upper chambers of the heart (HEART ATRIA). In such case, blood cannot be effectively pumped into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES). It is caused by abnormal impulse generation.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Depressive Disorder: An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.Neutropenia: A decrease in the number of NEUTROPHILS found in the blood.Peritoneal Dialysis: Dialysis fluid being introduced into and removed from the peritoneal cavity as either a continuous or an intermittent procedure.Tachycardia, Ventricular: An abnormally rapid ventricular rhythm usually in excess of 150 beats per minute. It is generated within the ventricle below the BUNDLE OF HIS, either as autonomic impulse formation or reentrant impulse conduction. Depending on the etiology, onset of ventricular tachycardia can be paroxysmal (sudden) or nonparoxysmal, its wide QRS complexes can be uniform or polymorphic, and the ventricular beating may be independent of the atrial beating (AV dissociation).Fungemia: The presence of fungi circulating in the blood. Opportunistic fungal sepsis is seen most often in immunosuppressed patients with severe neutropenia or in postoperative patients with intravenous catheters and usually follows prolonged antibiotic therapy.Electroencephalography: Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.Drug Therapy, Combination: Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Sleep, REM: A stage of sleep characterized by rapid movements of the eye and low voltage fast pattern EEG. It is usually associated with dreaming.Antimanic Agents: Agents that are used to treat bipolar disorders or mania associated with other affective disorders.Respiratory Sounds: Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.Gastroesophageal Reflux: Retrograde flow of gastric juice (GASTRIC ACID) and/or duodenal contents (BILE ACIDS; PANCREATIC JUICE) into the distal ESOPHAGUS, commonly due to incompetence of the LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER.Respiratory Tract Infections: Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.Syndrome: A characteristic symptom complex.Defibrillators, Implantable: Implantable devices which continuously monitor the electrical activity of the heart and automatically detect and terminate ventricular tachycardia (TACHYCARDIA, VENTRICULAR) and VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION. They consist of an impulse generator, batteries, and electrodes.Sleep Stages: Periods of sleep manifested by changes in EEG activity and certain behavioral correlates; includes Stage 1: sleep onset, drowsy sleep; Stage 2: light sleep; Stages 3 and 4: delta sleep, light sleep, deep sleep, telencephalic sleep.Somnambulism: A parasomnia characterized by a partial arousal that occurs during stage IV of non-REM sleep. Affected individuals exhibit semipurposeful behaviors such as ambulation and are difficult to fully awaken. Children are primarily affected, with a peak age range of 4-6 years.Antidepressive Agents: Mood-stimulating drugs used primarily in the treatment of affective disorders and related conditions. Several MONOAMINE OXIDASE INHIBITORS are useful as antidepressants apparently as a long-term consequence of their modulation of catecholamine levels. The tricyclic compounds useful as antidepressive agents (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, TRICYCLIC) also appear to act through brain catecholamine systems. A third group (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, SECOND-GENERATION) is a diverse group of drugs including some that act specifically on serotonergic systems.Sleep Paralysis: A common condition characterized by transient partial or total paralysis of skeletal muscles and areflexia that occurs upon awakening from sleep or less often while falling asleep. Stimuli such as touch or sound may terminate the episode, which usually has a duration of seconds to minutes. This condition may occur in normal subjects or be associated with NARCOLEPSY; CATAPLEXY; and hypnagogic HALLUCINATIONS. The pathophysiology of this condition is closely related to the normal hypotonia that occur during REM sleep. (From Adv Neurol 1995;67:245-271)Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Diarrhea, Infantile: DIARRHEA occurring in infants from newborn to 24-months old.Otitis Media: Inflammation of the MIDDLE EAR including the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE.Hemorrhage: Bleeding or escape of blood from a vessel.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections: Infections caused by bacteria that show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method.EnglandDrug Administration Schedule: Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Bradycardia: Cardiac arrhythmias that are characterized by excessively slow HEART RATE, usually below 50 beats per minute in human adults. They can be classified broadly into SINOATRIAL NODE dysfunction and ATRIOVENTRICULAR BLOCK.Immunosuppressive Agents: Agents that suppress immune function by one of several mechanisms of action. Classical cytotoxic immunosuppressants act by inhibiting DNA synthesis. Others may act through activation of T-CELLS or by inhibiting the activation of HELPER CELLS. While immunosuppression has been brought about in the past primarily to prevent rejection of transplanted organs, new applications involving mediation of the effects of INTERLEUKINS and other CYTOKINES are emerging.Cardiac Pacing, Artificial: Regulation of the rate of contraction of the heart muscles by an artificial pacemaker.Anemia, Sickle Cell: A disease characterized by chronic hemolytic anemia, episodic painful crises, and pathologic involvement of many organs. It is the clinical expression of homozygosity for hemoglobin S.Myocardial Ischemia: A disorder of cardiac function caused by insufficient blood flow to the muscle tissue of the heart. The decreased blood flow may be due to narrowing of the coronary arteries (CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE), to obstruction by a thrombus (CORONARY THROMBOSIS), or less commonly, to diffuse narrowing of arterioles and other small vessels within the heart. Severe interruption of the blood supply to the myocardial tissue may result in necrosis of cardiac muscle (MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Infection: Invasion of the host organism by microorganisms that can cause pathological conditions or diseases.Anti-Arrhythmia Agents: Agents used for the treatment or prevention of cardiac arrhythmias. They may affect the polarization-repolarization phase of the action potential, its excitability or refractoriness, or impulse conduction or membrane responsiveness within cardiac fibers. Anti-arrhythmia agents are often classed into four main groups according to their mechanism of action: sodium channel blockade, beta-adrenergic blockade, repolarization prolongation, or calcium channel blockade.Schizophrenia: A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Hypotension: Abnormally low BLOOD PRESSURE that can result in inadequate blood flow to the brain and other vital organs. Common symptom is DIZZINESS but greater negative impacts on the body occur when there is prolonged depravation of oxygen and nutrients.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage: Bleeding in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.Sleep: A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.Fever of Unknown Origin: Fever in which the etiology cannot be ascertained.Seizures: Clinical or subclinical disturbances of cortical function due to a sudden, abnormal, excessive, and disorganized discharge of brain cells. Clinical manifestations include abnormal motor, sensory and psychic phenomena. Recurrent seizures are usually referred to as EPILEPSY or "seizure disorder."Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Circadian Rhythm: The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.Wakefulness: A state in which there is an enhanced potential for sensitivity and an efficient responsiveness to external stimuli.Lithium Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain lithium as an integral part of the molecule.Arrhythmias, Cardiac: Any disturbances of the normal rhythmic beating of the heart or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. Cardiac arrhythmias can be classified by the abnormalities in HEART RATE, disorders of electrical impulse generation, or impulse conduction.Esophagus: The muscular membranous segment between the PHARYNX and the STOMACH in the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Syncope, Vasovagal: Loss of consciousness due to a reduction in blood pressure that is associated with an increase in vagal tone and peripheral vasodilation.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Age of Onset: The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.Kidney Failure, Chronic: The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.Tachycardia: Abnormally rapid heartbeat, usually with a HEART RATE above 100 beats per minute for adults. Tachycardia accompanied by disturbance in the cardiac depolarization (cardiac arrhythmia) is called tachyarrhythmia.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)United StatesBulimia: Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as "ox hunger".Self-Injurious Behavior: Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Hemarthrosis: Bleeding into the joints. It may arise from trauma or spontaneously in patients with hemophilia.Administration, Oral: The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Anoxia: Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Ambulatory Care: Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.Periodicity: The tendency of a phenomenon to recur at regular intervals; in biological systems, the recurrence of certain activities (including hormonal, cellular, neural) may be annual, seasonal, monthly, daily, or more frequently (ultradian).Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Suicide, Attempted: The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Graft Survival: The survival of a graft in a host, the factors responsible for the survival and the changes occurring within the graft during growth in the host.RNA, Transfer, Leu: A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying leucine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.Insulin Coma: Severe HYPOGLYCEMIA induced by a large dose of exogenous INSULIN resulting in a COMA or profound state of unconsciousness from which the individual cannot be aroused.Nausea: An unpleasant sensation in the stomach usually accompanied by the urge to vomit. Common causes are early pregnancy, sea and motion sickness, emotional stress, intense pain, food poisoning, and various enteroviruses.Interview, Psychological: A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Malaria, Falciparum: Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.Diabetic Ketoacidosis: A life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus, primarily of TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS with severe INSULIN deficiency and extreme HYPERGLYCEMIA. It is characterized by KETOSIS; DEHYDRATION; and depressed consciousness leading to COMA.Atrial Flutter: Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).Remission, Spontaneous: A spontaneous diminution or abatement of a disease over time, without formal treatment.Anticoagulants: Agents that prevent clotting.Treatment Failure: A measure of the quality of health care by assessment of unsuccessful results of management and procedures used in combating disease, in individual cases or series.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Cross Infection: Any infection which a patient contracts in a health-care institution.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Thrombophlebitis: Inflammation of a vein associated with a blood clot (THROMBUS).Ondansetron: A competitive serotonin type 3 receptor antagonist. It is effective in the treatment of nausea and vomiting caused by cytotoxic chemotherapy drugs, including cisplatin, and has reported anxiolytic and neuroleptic properties.Psychoses, Substance-Induced: Psychotic organic mental disorders resulting from the toxic effect of drugs and chemicals or other harmful substance.Health Care Costs: The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.Affect: The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.Survival Rate: The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.Length of Stay: The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.Esophageal pH Monitoring: Analysis of the HYDROGEN ION CONCENTRATION in the lumen of the ESOPHAGUS. It is used to record the pattern, frequency, and duration of GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX.Heart Conduction System: An impulse-conducting system composed of modified cardiac muscle, having the power of spontaneous rhythmicity and conduction more highly developed than the rest of the heart.Sepsis: Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.Acidosis, Lactic: Acidosis caused by accumulation of lactic acid more rapidly than it can be metabolized. It may occur spontaneously or in association with diseases such as DIABETES MELLITUS; LEUKEMIA; or LIVER FAILURE.Convalescence: The period of recovery following an illness.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Asthma: A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).Morbidity: The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Herpes Genitalis: Infection of the genitals (GENITALIA) with HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS in either the males or the females.Oxygen: An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.Cross-Over Studies: Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Electric Countershock: An electrical current applied to the HEART to terminate a disturbance of its rhythm, ARRHYTHMIAS, CARDIAC. (Stedman, 25th ed)Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Staphylococcal Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS.Schizophrenic Psychology: Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.Tachycardia, Supraventricular: A generic expression for any tachycardia that originates above the BUNDLE OF HIS.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Angina Pectoris, Variant: A clinical syndrome characterized by the development of CHEST PAIN at rest with concomitant transient ST segment elevation in the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM, but with preserved exercise capacity.Pneumonia: Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.MycosesCandidiasis: Infection with a fungus of the genus CANDIDA. It is usually a superficial infection of the moist areas of the body and is generally caused by CANDIDA ALBICANS. (Dorland, 27th ed)Abdominal Pain: Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.Crying: To utter an inarticulate, characteristic sound in order to communicate or express a feeling, or desire for attention.Otitis Media with Effusion: Inflammation of the middle ear with a clear pale yellow-colored transudate.Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections: Infections caused by bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain (positive) when treated by the gram-staining method.LondonCatheter-Related Infections: Infections resulting from the use of catheters. Proper aseptic technique, site of catheter placement, material composition, and virulence of the organism are all factors that can influence possible infection.Survival Analysis: A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.Smog: A mixture of smoke and fog polluting the atmosphere. (Dorland, 27th ed)Disease Progression: The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Liver Transplantation: The transference of a part of or an entire liver from one human or animal to another.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Malta: An independent state consisting of three islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily. Its capital is Valetta. The major island is Malta, the two smaller islands are Comino and Gozo. It was a Phoenician and Carthaginian colony, captured by the Romans in 218 B.C. It was overrun by Saracens in 870, taken by the Normans in 1090, and subsequently held by the French and later the British who allotted them a dominion government in 1921. It became a crown colony in 1933, achieving independence in 1964. The name possibly comes from a pre-Indoeuropean root mel, high, referring to its rocks, but a more picturesque origin derives the name from the Greek melitta or melissa, honey, with reference to its early fame for its honey production. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p719 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p330)Great BritainInfusions, Intravenous: The long-term (minutes to hours) administration of a fluid into the vein through venipuncture, either by letting the fluid flow by gravity or by pumping it.Renal Dialysis: Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.Acid Rain: Acidic water usually pH 2.5 to 4.5, which poisons the ecosystem and adversely affects plants, fishes, and mammals. It is caused by industrial pollutants, mainly sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides, emitted into the atmosphere and returning to earth in the form of acidic rain water.Electrophysiologic Techniques, Cardiac: Methods to induce and measure electrical activities at specific sites in the heart to diagnose and treat problems with the heart's electrical system.Manometry: Measurement of the pressure or tension of liquids or gases with a manometer.Cost of Illness: The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.Antimalarials: Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)Catheterization, Central Venous: Placement of an intravenous CATHETER in the subclavian, jugular, or other central vein.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Drug Combinations: Single preparations containing two or more active agents, for the purpose of their concurrent administration as a fixed dose mixture.Transplantation, Homologous: Transplantation between individuals of the same species. Usually refers to genetically disparate individuals in contradistinction to isogeneic transplantation for genetically identical individuals.Oximetry: The determination of oxygen-hemoglobin saturation of blood either by withdrawing a sample and passing it through a classical photoelectric oximeter or by electrodes attached to some translucent part of the body like finger, earlobe, or skin fold. It includes non-invasive oxygen monitoring by pulse oximetry.Laughter: An involuntary expression of merriment and pleasure; it includes the patterned motor responses as well as the inarticulate vocalization.Antifungal Agents: Substances that destroy fungi by suppressing their ability to grow or reproduce. They differ from FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL because they defend against fungi present in human or animal tissues.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Polysomnography: Simultaneous and continuous monitoring of several parameters during sleep to study normal and abnormal sleep. The study includes monitoring of brain waves, to assess sleep stages, and other physiological variables such as breathing, eye movements, and blood oxygen levels which exhibit a disrupted pattern with sleep disturbances.Angina Pectoris: The symptom of paroxysmal pain consequent to MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA usually of distinctive character, location and radiation. It is thought to be provoked by a transient stressful situation during which the oxygen requirements of the MYOCARDIUM exceed that supplied by the CORONARY CIRCULATION.Gastroenteritis: INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.Heart Transplantation: The transference of a heart from one human or animal to another.Arousal: Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Esophageal and Gastric Varices: Dilated blood vessels in the ESOPHAGUS or GASTRIC FUNDUS that shunt blood from the portal circulation (PORTAL SYSTEM) to the systemic venous circulation. Often they are observed in individuals with portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL).Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.Pacemaker, Artificial: A device designed to stimulate, by electric impulses, contraction of the heart muscles. It may be temporary (external) or permanent (internal or internal-external).Cough: A sudden, audible expulsion of air from the lungs through a partially closed glottis, preceded by inhalation. It is a protective response that serves to clear the trachea, bronchi, and/or lungs of irritants and secretions, or to prevent aspiration of foreign materials into the lungs.Absenteeism: Chronic absence from work or other duty.Meningitis, Bacterial: Bacterial infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space, frequently involving the cerebral cortex, cranial nerves, cerebral blood vessels, spinal cord, and nerve roots.
Fetvanovich The Breed (2001) ... as Boudreaux Star Trek: Voyager episode Critical Care ... as Alien Miner The Huntress episode ... The Next Generation episode Chain of Command: Part 2 ... as Gul Lemec episode Chain of Command: Part 1 ... as Gul Lemec episode ... as Accountant Hunter episode The Contract ... as Kirschbaum The A-Team episode Firing Line episode Dishpan Man ... as Ramon ... 3 Max Headroom episode Lessons ... as Dragul The Blue Iguana ... as Louie Sparks Hooperman episode Aria da Capo Number One with ...
The airfield was used as the location for a UNIT airfield in the second episode of the 1974 Doctor Who story "Planet of the ... In October 1946 when the station was closed and Membury was reduced to care and maintenance status. ... The former airfield tower stood until 1998 when it was demolished. Membury is now jointly owned and operated by Southern ...
Ratings remained low, and the show finished out its run in January 2004, after 129 episodes. List of Becker episodes Television ... Despite everything, his patients and friends are loyal because Becker genuinely cares about them. The series was produced by ... In the final episode, Jake decides to spend an inheritance on a college education. He enrolls to study in Chicago, where can he ... In the last episode, Hector takes over control of the news stand after Jake announces he will be moving to Chicago for college ...
456 Sesame Street: is a brownstone that houses the Day Care Center, operated by Angel. The Furry Arms Hotel: is a Muppet hotel ... Starting season 25 (episode 3136, [1993-1994]) Sesame Street expands their street to Around the Corner. This expansion brought ... Along the way, the book introduces the new characters that debuted in Season 25-Jamal and Angela in the Day Care Center, Sherry ... The story takes place on 456 Sesame Street, where the characters interrupt the activities at the new Day Care Center. The ball ...
Medical care systems for spaceships must include the technology necessary to heal exposure to toxic chemicals and gases, and ... In a few cases, astronauts were brought back to Earth due to episodes of renal colic and arrhythmia, shortening their stays in ... Another problem related to long-term missions has been the design of medical care systems within space craft due to the limited ... Buckey Jr, JC (2006). "Long-duration flight medical planning: Medical care on the way to the moon and Mars". Space Physiology. ...
In the final episode of the show, Rene married Judge Clyde "Turk" Terhune (William Allen Young). In most episodes there was ... The show would have been renewed, but Annie Potts chose instead to care for her family. The series ended with Rene's marriage, ... In every episode, contemporary storylines are interwoven with a storyline from their shared past. Each hour-long episode ... Any Day Now ended after its initial four-season (88 episodes) contract expired. ...
The series was cancelled after 10 episodes, with its final broadcast airing on New Year's Day 1998. Shari Headley as Juanita ... The topics addressed by the series included drug addiction and recovery, HIV and AIDS, foster care, re-integration into society ...
... they only cared about getting Jews to Mandate Palestine - or through ideological affinity". Glenda Abramson wrote in Drama and ... Dave Rich in an article for The Jewish Chronicle in 2017 wrote that Loach is one individual who uses the episode "to try to ... Abramson, Glenda (1998). Drama and Ideology in Modern Israel. Cambridge University Press. pp. 169-70. Hirsh, David (2017). ... Ideology in Modern Israel (1998) that Allen in his play "uses Zionism rather than Nazism as his exemplar of fascism and the ...
The chiropractic portion of the June 4 episode titled 'A Different Way to Heal?' irresponsibly characterized chiropractic care ... a legitimate, research-based form of health care -- as a fraudulent hoax." and that "[t]he producers of your program could not ... criticised a 2002 PBS broadcast which included an episode about chiropractic in which the NCAHF was involved. ACA president, ... For a time between 1998 and 2000, the NCAHF operated under the name National Council for Reliable Health Information (NCRHI). ...
A jucat în mai multe producții de teatru în cadrul școlii, pentru care a fost, încă de pe atunci, foarte apreciată. La vârsta ... TV series: 1 episode Prince of Egypt, TheThe Prince of Egypt The Queen (voice) ... Bunicul din partea tatălui, Pyotr Vassilievich Mironov, a fost un diplomat și colonel rus foarte respectat, care a avut ca ... 1998 Sidoglio Smithee Herself Tracey Takes On... Professor Horen ... Antony and Cleopatra, Royal National Theatre, London, 1998. * ...
In 2007, she travelled to Sweden to interview Queen Silvia of Sweden about her commitment to work with dementia and care of the ... spanning 150 episodes. She has since appeared in many popular television and theatrical productions in Japan, including travel ... Asadora Yanchakure (NHK) 1998-1999 Kinpachi-sensei Part 5 (TBS) 1999-2000 Nekketsu! Shūsaku ga yuku (TV Asahi) 2000 Wakaresase- ...
Already in the first episode, she stole a bag from Meg Cummings and then used the letter inside to play with Ben Evans's mind. ... He thought Paula suspected him, so he kidnapped her and then hired a rapist to take care of her. Paula's fiancé Ricardo Torres ... Rae Chang was introduced in the second episode as a physician, a young doctor. Rae decided to buy a house called Surf Central, ... Jude and Annie started a rocky relationship and eventually ended up together in the final episode. Jude was revealed to be an ...
He joins the show in later episodes as an immigrant from the North Pole, and is very curious and friendly, yet tends to be ... "The work on the show was no longer done with the proper care and sensitivity... it was no longer "Parpar Nechmad"... the name ... Each episode presents the young viewers with familiar situations from everyday life, and offers creative ways of solving ... Aside from the basic plotline, most episodes also include a story told by one or more of the human actors, and sometimes short ...
Appeared in Season 1, Episode 3 of the 2008 series: Stephen Fry in America "Click Nathan Cain, July 1942". voterportal.sos.la. ... documentary about LSP's hospice care of inmates, a program established in 1997. It is directed by journalist Lisa R. Cohen; the ... 1998), documentary directed by Garbus and Stack The Farm: 10 Years Down (2009), documentary directed by Stack Serving Life ( ...
52 episodes of the show were produced by Paul Burnam and the BBC. Summer 1997: 26 episodes Summer 1998: 26 episodes Toonatics ... So you'd better not start watching those crazy cartoons!" But regardless of his Mum's orders, Tommy doesn't care and invites ... Toonatics is a children's television programme that was first broadcast on Children's BBC between the summers of 1997 and 1998 ...
In the pilot episode, he approached his father to make an exception and let him stay out past curfew, and confessed to his ... Like Penny, he had no patience for Urkel's antics and did not care for him at all. The character last appears in the season two ... She refused and he had Myra arrested by the end of that episode when he exposed her for stalking him with illegal spy gear in ... Cool," Steve developed this personality as a way to get Laura to love him, but changed back at the end of the episode due to ...
... having to be cared for by his mother, Florence (who appeared in a single episode, 3.8 "Endangered Species", in which his father ... In episode 6.4 the school signboard shows her as "Mrs A. Watkins", but she was referred to as "Janet" in episode 6.6 and the ... Each episode typically also features half a dozen or more actors whose characters appear in that episode only. Nick Berry as ... In one episode she is shown working as a head librarian. Kenneth Cranham as Charlie Wallace (1996; 2 episodes). Crooked local ...
Episode 1: Pretty Maids All in a Row Originally broadcast 10 May 1998 Lydia Weston, a farm girl from Devon, is hired by Lord ... Episode 4: All on a Summer's Day Originally broadcast 31 May 1998 Isabel Hutchinson and her Great-Aunt Effie arrive at the ... Hutchinson home to oversee the children's care during Elspeth and Nathaniel's absence. The nannies, accompanied by Ned and ... Episode 5: A Pocket Full of Posies Originally broadcast 7 June 1998 Hannah worries about her baby's safety when a typhoid fever ...
In the first episode he drives a Jaguar in contrast to Bobby's Austin Princess and by the last episode is seen to drive a BMW. ... With little option but to pay Barry for taking care of Callum Finnegan, Jacqui agreed to be a surrogate mother for close ... Barry Grant was the only character to have appeared in the first episode in November 1982 and appeared in the final episode in ... In the early episodes Barry strikes up a friendship with the recently widowed Petra Taylor. The two run away for a holiday in ...
... in Episode 3741), Jill (Season 36), Kate Pierson Muppet, Little Miss Muffet (from Episode 4523), Liz Lemon, Lulu, Mariella, ... "Monsters In Day Care"), Little Murray Sparkles, Loretta, Lurlene, Mama Bear (1996-2002), Orange Juice, Phoebe (2001-2002), ... No, Earl (in Episode 3364), Enzo, Farmer McGregory, Forgetful Jones' Dad, Firefighter Jackson, Fish, Frank Lloyd Left, Frazzle ... Crustworthy (2006-2015), Nora Nicks, The Old Woman Who Lives in a Shoe (from Episode 4519), Omagrossa, Pipe Organ, Polly Darton ...
... and the Synaulia took care of the musical parts of Rome of BBC-HBO, Empire of ABC and the New Line Cinema's ... ", "Intorno a Dante", and "Mammi, Pappi e Sirene in Magna Grecia, and the music composition for the first two episodes of the ... Walter Maioli took care of the reproduction of the musical instruments. Among the collaborations of Walter Maioli and Synaulia ... When Michael Hoffman, chose the Synaulia group to participate in the shooting of the movie A Midsummer Night's Dream in 1998, ...
... if during excitement episodes needs acute psychiatric care) Freezing Impulsivity Bizarre/psychotic Sleep problems Urinary or ... self-published source?] WIng, Lorna (1998). "The History of Asperger Syndrome". In Schopler, Eric; Mesibov, Gary B.; Kunce, ...
Season 1. Episode 8. HBO. "The Wire episode guide - episode 08 Lessons". HBO. 2004. Retrieved 2006-07-26. Gloria Muzio on IMDb ... "Refusal of Care" (2005) House M.D. "Hunting" (2005) Third Watch "End of Tour" (2005) "Higher Calling" (2004) "A Ticket Grows in ... Season 1. Episode 5. CBS. "Season 1 crew". HBO. 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-14. Gloria Muzio (director), David Simon (story and ... "Care" (2001) Oz "Orpheus Descending" (2001) Son of the Beach "Miso Honei" (2000) Gloria Muzio (director), Ted Humphrey (writer ...
He is featured in several episodes throughout the series, and made out to be a very superstitious man. When not taking care of ... who was introduced in the episode "Secret Society". She has a magical barrel organ which she spends most of her first episode ... In the episode "Better Dead Than Co-Ed", it is revealed that Baz has a crush on Mildred. He appeared in the Christmas special " ... Later, in the episode "The Lost Chord", she and Clarice help to stop a phony musician seducing Miss Crotchet and robbing every ...
She wrote three scripts for the TV cartoon Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders, including the aired episode "Song of the ... She wrote non-fiction articles on horse care and veterinary medicine which appeared on national and regional magazines. ... 1998) A Steak in Murder (1999) Marinade for Murder (2000) Just Desserts (2002) Fried By Jury (2003) A Puree of Poison (2003) ... 1998) The Road to Balinor (1999) Sunchaser's Quest (1999) Valley of Fear (1999) By Fire, by Moonlight (1999) Search for the ...
These mass killings, coupled with malnutrition and poor medical care, killed between 1.5 and 2 million people, approximately a ... "the bloodiest single episode under Pol Pot's rule". Fleeing the government troops, many leading rebels-including Zone ... Pol Pot[a] (born Saloth Sâr;[b] 19 May 1925 - 15 April 1998) was a Cambodian revolutionary and politician who governed Cambodia ... On 15 April 1998, Pol Pot died in his sleep, apparently of heart failure. His body was preserved with ice and formaldehyde ...
This page contains the abstract Importance of the Type of Provider Seen to Begin Health Care for a New Episode Low Back Pain: ... 24] We found the entry setting to predict future health care utilization, costs and the LBP episode of care duration after ... 3) examine associations between entry setting and duration of episode of care, subsequent health care costs and risk for ... Health Care for a New Episode Low Back Pain: Associations with Future Utilization and Costs This section is compiled by Frank M ...
1997) Hypotonic-hyporesponsive episodes in children hospitalized at 10 Canadian pediatric tertiary-care centres, 1991-1994. Can ... The episodes of 215 of 312 children (69%) met the case definition of HHE. The median follow-up time from the onset of HHE to ... hypotonic-hyporesponsive episode • DTwP = diphtheria-tetanus-whole-cell pertussis vaccine • VAERS = Vaccine Adverse Event ... Duration of episode from 1 min to 48 h Exclusion criteria Known cause of above signs (eg, postictal) Urticaria, wheezing, or ...
4]What triggers an episode of acute low back pain? A case-crossover study. Arthritis Care & Research.doi: 10.1002/acr.22533. ... 13]Diagnostic imaging for low back pain: advice for high-value health care from the American College of Physicians. Annals of ... Most patients with symptoms of back pain seen by the primary care physician relate to nonspecific back pain, which generally ... However, less than 1 percent of all cases evaluated by the primary care physician warrant immediate advanced imaging for ...
However, state and care-seeking sector were stronger determinants of treatment than episode severity, illustrating the need to ... care-seeking, and treatment of childhood diarrhea. Recall error was higher for episodes with onset 8-14 days (31.2%) versus 1-7 ... Using cross-sectional data from three Indian states, we sought to assess the relationship between episode severity and the ... There was a strong correlation between care-seeking and dehydration, fever, vomiting, and increased stool frequency and ...
These regulations require patients who receive home health care services to be under the care of a physician and to be ... The patient must have a documented need for skilled nursing care or physical, occupational or speech therapy. The care must be ... A detailed referral and specific care plan maximize the care to the patient and the reimbursement received by the physician. ... Medicares regulations are often considered the standard of care for all home health agency interactions, even when a patient ...
Fetvanovich The Breed (2001) ... as Boudreaux Star Trek: Voyager episode Critical Care ... as Alien Miner The Huntress episode ... The Next Generation episode Chain of Command: Part 2 ... as Gul Lemec episode Chain of Command: Part 1 ... as Gul Lemec episode ... as Accountant Hunter episode The Contract ... as Kirschbaum The A-Team episode Firing Line episode Dishpan Man ... as Ramon ... 3 Max Headroom episode Lessons ... as Dragul The Blue Iguana ... as Louie Sparks Hooperman episode Aria da Capo Number One with ...
It has become trite to observe that increases in health care costs have become unsustainable. How best for policy to address ... In the literature, episode-based price indexes have defined the good as a completed episode (e.g., the price of treating a ... NONDISEASE-SPECIFIC MEDICAL CARE. A large portion of medical care activities, in terms of costs, can be accounted for by ... DEVELOPING PRICE INDEXES FOR MEDICAL CARE INPUTS AND OUTPUTS. Much of what is required to develop health and health care ...
Management of diabetes mellitus in the Lovelace Health Systems Episodes of care program. Effective Clin Pract 1998;1(1): 5-11. ... Patient care teams in primary care have the potential to improve the quality of care for patients with chronic illness if the ... Thus team care has generally been embraced by most as a criterion for high quality care. Despite its appeal, team care, ... Population based care-Population based care is an approach to planning and delivering care to defined patient populations that ...
Crit Care 2011;15(1):R52. View abstract.. Wong, G. K., Chan, M. T., Boet, R., Poon, W. S., and Gin, T. Intravenous magnesium ... Delgado MG, Calleja S, Suarez L, Pascual J. Recurrent confusional episodes associated with hypomagnesaemia due to esomeprazol. ... Diabetes Care 2006;29(10):2238-2243. View abstract.. van den Bergh, W. M., Algra, A., van Kooten, F., Dirven, C. M., van Gijn, ... Diabetes Care 2011;34(9):2116-2122. View abstract.. Dorhout Mees, S. M., Rinkel, G. J., Feigin, V. L., Algra, A., van den Bergh ...
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 155:A247 (1997).. Peters A, Perz S, Doring A, Stieber J, Koenig W, ... Increased heart rate during an air pollution episode. Presented at the Fourteenth HEI Annual Conference, Boston, MA, April 5-7 ... American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2003;167(8):1117-1123. R827351 (2002). R827351 (Final). R825271 ( ... American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 1998;157:A261.. Lovett EG, Verrier RL, Catalano P, Sioutas C, Murthy ...
This document provides an overview of the evidence-based components of coordinated specialty care programs for the treatment of ... A. RAISE Coordinated Specialty Care for First Episode Psychosis Manuals:. *Coordinated Specialty Care for First Episode ... Coordinated Specialty Care for First Episode Psychosis Manual II: Implementation *This manual provides a concise overview of ... Represents an adaptation of the Coordinated Specialty Care for First Episode Psychosis Manual I: Outreach and Recruitment, and ...
Defendant, a psychiatrist on trial for medical malpractice : an episode in Americas hidden health care crisis by Sara C ... 18 editions published between 1981 and 1998 in English and Undetermined and held by 740 WorldCat member libraries worldwide ... 4 editions published between 1997 and 1998 in English and held by 438 WorldCat member libraries worldwide A sensitive portrayal ...
First episode schizophrenia with long duration of untreated psychosis, pathways to care. Br J Psychiatry 1998; 172 (Suppl. 33 ... Larsen TK, Friis S, Haahr U et al. Early detection and intervention in first episode schizophrenia: a critical review. Acta ... First episode schizophrenia. I. Early course parameters. Schizophrenia Bull 1996; 22: 241-56. *CrossRef, ... Johannessen JO, McGlashan T, Larsen TK et al. Early detection strategies for untreated first episode psychosis. Schizophr Res ...
Health care payment system utilizing an intensity adjustment factor applied to provider episodes of care. ... Health care billing monitor system for detecting health care provider fraud. US6879959 *. Jan 21, 2000. Apr 12, 2005. Quality ... Each line in the list of cases 1010 is associated with a managed care entry dialog 902. The managed care entry dialog 902 ... has led many insurance companies to adopt a strategy known as managed care. A primary component of managed care is a set of ...
1 episode, 1995) (written by - 1 episode, 1989) - Sloppy at day care (1997) ... 1990 Sesame Street (TV Series) (performer - 1 episode) - The Golden Cabbage of Snufertiti (1990) ... (performer: "The Word is ... 2009 Dinner: Impossible (TV Series) (special thanks - 1 episode) - Sesame Street Scramble (2009) ... (special thanks) ... 2003 Little Bill (TV Series) (2 episodes) - The Early Bill/Going Camping (2003) ...
The incidence of new episodes of foot ulceration in type 2 diabetic patients in a primary care setting was 2.1% per year, and ... In 35 of the 73 (48%) episodes of ulceration, the only treatment was provided by the family physician. In the other 38 episodes ... In the Netherlands, the care for patients with type 2 diabetes has shifted from outpatient clinics to primary health care. ... During the study period, there were 73 episodes of ulceration in 52 patients; 56 episodes were unilateral, and 17 were ...
The study randomly assigned those refusing follow-up care or dropping out of follow-up care after hospitalization for severe ... Success rates for ECT have been found as high as 80-90 percent for unipolar and bipolar major depressive episodes and mania ( ... AHCPR (Agency for Health Care Policy and Research). 1993. Clinical Practice Guideline 5. Depression in Primary Care: Volume 2. ... Follow-Up Care. Because of the high post-discharge suicide risk, many hospitals have implemented various forms of follow-up ...
33 years experience at a general hospital and review of 776 episodes from the literature. Medicine (Baltimore). 1998 Sep. 77(5 ... Crit Care Clin. 2004 Oct. 20(4):651-60; viii. [Medline]. *. Mylonakis E, Hohmann EL, Calderwood SB. Central nervous system ...
We report a case of a patient with a lifetime history of 8 episodes of recurrent lymphocytic meningitis. Our findings suggest ... Her eighth episode occurred ,20 years later. During this latest episode, the patient sought care for acute onset of bilateral ... We report a case of a patient with a lifetime history of 8 episodes of recurrent lymphocytic meningitis. Our findings suggest ... This research points toward a mechanism by which IgG2 deficiency might lead to recurrent viral meningitis episodes and the ...
4,595 per ulcer episode (5). The associated costs of care for a foot ulcer approach $28,000 over a 2-year period (3). Other ... New advanced wound care topical dressings are emerging that may improve wound care (10). Moreover, in the past few years, newer ... American Diabetes Association: Consensus Development Conference on Diabetic Foot Wound Care. Diabetes Care 22:1354-1360, 1999. ... The fundamentals of good clinical care include adequate off-loading, frequent debridement, moist wound care, treatment of ...
Asthma Prevalence, Health Care Use and Mortality:United States, 2003-05. CDC National Center for Health Statistics. Available ... 11] It often occurs during recurrent episodes of bronchospasm, as well as in other conditions. The presence of an air-fluid ... Five thousand acute care/emergency department chest radiographs: comparison of requisitions with radiographic findings. J Emerg ... In a British general hospital ED, findings in 695 episodes of acute asthma in adults and children were evaluated. CXRs were ...
Episode 2: preview. Producers have promised that the second episode of Protecting Our Children will be even better than the ... Monday nights episode of the BBC series Protecting Our Children seemed to provoke an even more positive online reaction than ... The couple have already had three children removed after social workers decided they were not fit to care for them and, due to ... Unlike one national newspaper, Community Care does not think it is right to criticise social work practice based on one hour of ...
How much do your state leaders care about families? In South Carolina, Governor David Beasley cares enough to give up..Read ... Clinton Care. DOES IT HARM KIDS?. by: Chuck Colson Category: BreakPoint, Christian Worldview ...
The airfield was used as the location for a UNIT airfield in the second episode of the 1974 Doctor Who story "Planet of the ... In October 1946 when the station was closed and Membury was reduced to care and maintenance status. ... The former airfield tower stood until 1998 when it was demolished. Membury is now jointly owned and operated by Southern ...
The proportion of repeat CT diagnostic episodes in the GPRD is comparable to the incidence recorded in primary care patients, ... Use of a primary care database to determine trends in genital chlamydia testing, diagnostic episodes and management in UK ... We could not estimate what proportion of chlamydia diagnostic episodes recorded in primary care is recorded in other settings ( ... Testing for and diagnostic episodes of CT in primary care have increased since 1990. Testing continues disproportionately to ...
19991997-19981996200120001995SevereClinicalCritical CareMETHODSTertiary careExpenditureRecurrentStudyHospitalsCentersImplicationsEpidemiology37.6PsychosocialPsychologicalDataOnsetSubstantialPsychiatricPatientsPrevalencePediatric1993EstimatesUndertakenHospitalLoad All Episodes2002RESULTSGuidelinesCrit CarePalliative CareExperienced during aPhysiciansSchizophreniaFrequencyOutcomesPrimary care physMedicareScreening programmeChronicInpatient careOutpatient careManagementAureusBurdenYearsPatientInfectionAmerican Journal of Managed CareDiabetes CareIntensive carePatient'sSurgicalIncidenceChiropractic careHarvard MedicaUtilization
- Donald S. Likosky, Ph.D., of the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and colleagues compared expenditures by analyzing a sample of Medicare beneficiaries hospitalized with AMI in 1998 and 1999 (n=105,074) and in 2008 (n=212,329). (medindia.net)
- Results also show mortality within one year of an AMI declined from 36 percent in 1998 through 1999 to 31.7 percent in 2008. (medindia.net)
- In 1999, Kaiser Permanente launched care management programs through CMI that target diabetes, coronary artery disease, hyperlipidemia, asthma, and congestive heart failure. (managedcaremag.com)
- We obtained data from financial years 1997/1998 to 2007/2008 inclusive, for all cases with a primary stroke diagnosis (ICD-10-AM categories) with associated data fields. (frontiersin.org)
- Complexity scores using the Matching Resource to Care (MARC2) measure from CMHT cases in 2004-2005 ( n =1481) are compared with scores in 1997-1998 ( n =3178) in the same locations, before the introduction of the National Service Framework, and before the impact of the creation of integrated mental health trusts in England. (rcpsych.org)
- The 2004-2005 baseline complexity scores are all worse than those in 1997-1998. (rcpsych.org)
- The data from 1997-1998 provide an assessment of the nature of provision by community-based staff in the period prior to the introduction of the National Service Framework for Mental Health, the Mental Health Policy Implementation Guide and other related policy measures. (rcpsych.org)
- The present paper compares case complexity using the Matching Resource to Care (MARC2) measure (Huxley et al , 2000 a , b ) and care programme approach (CPA) status in 1997-1998 with 2004-2005. (rcpsych.org)
- More than 40 000 VAERS reports received between 1996 and 1998 were screened for HHE by a computer algorithm and reviewed, and a telephone follow-up questionnaire was administered to the witness of HHE. (aappublications.org)
- From 1996 to 1998, the number of HHE reports decreased from 99 to 38, when the predominant pertussis vaccine administered to infants changed from whole-cell to acellular. (aappublications.org)
- Intensive Crit Care Nurs 1996;12(4):226-30. (ahrq.gov)
- All episodes of DKA were reported by 225 paediatricians identified as involved in the care of children with diabetes through a separate reporting system between March 1996 and February 1998. (bmj.com)
- Risk behaviors, symptoms, and virologic characteristics were studied among 103 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seroconverters in vaccine preparedness cohorts during 1995-1998. (hptn.org)
- METHODS All cases of cerebral oedema in England, Scotland, and Wales were reported through the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit between October 1995 and September 1998. (bmj.com)
- This finding indicates that data collection with 2-week recall underestimates diarrhea prevalence while overestimating the proportion of severe episodes. (ajtmh.org)
- 16 of 53 (30%) patients had a fourfold or greater increase in vibriocidal titer between 6 and 12 months after an episode of severe cholera, suggesting reexposure to the organism. (ajtmh.org)
- These data and others suggest that an episode of severe cholera protects against symptomatic disease for several years, but reexposure to the organism occurs frequently in an endemic area, with immunological boosts beginning as early as 6 months after severe disease. (ajtmh.org)
- Researchers studied information collected from 2,428 male patients between 2 and 79 years of age with moderate or severe hemophilia B. These patients received care at U.S. hemophilia treatment centers from 1998-2011. (cdc.gov)
- In recent years, treatment of severe acute pancreatitis has shifted away from early surgical treatment to aggressive intensive care. (bmj.com)
- It has been proven that diseases, such as mastocytosis, defects in HLA, or filaggrin genes, increase the risk of severe allergic episodes. (frontiersin.org)
- Sodium lactate versus mannitol in the treatment of intracranial hypertensive episodes in severe traumatic brain-injured patients. (lasvegasemr.com)
- We further speculate varying treatment incidence and prevalence in pregnancy vs postpartum may indicate that the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 peripartum specifier not adequately describes at-risk periods across moderate and severe perinatal psychiatric episodes. (eur.nl)
- A particularly difficult challenge for community treatment of people with serious mental illnesses is the delivery of an acceptable level of care during the acute phases of severe mental illness. (altmetric.com)
- We included all randomised controlled trials of crisis-intervention models versus standard care for people with severe mental illnesses that met our inclusion criteria. (altmetric.com)
- This could have introduced bias because unrecognized episodes might be different (probably less severe) than reported ones. (biomedcentral.com)
- Sign up for Insight Alerts highlighting editor-chosen studies with the greatest impact on clinical care. (aappublications.org)
- Most successful interventions in chronic disease management entail the delegation of responsibility by the primary care doctor to team members for ensuring that patients receive proved clinical and self management support services. (bmj.com)
- its clinical features include episodes of aseptic meningitis followed by complete recovery and unpredictable recurrence ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
- This simple tool may serve as a pivotal clinical decision point in the care of diabetic foot ulcers for early identification of patients who may not respond to standard care and may need additional treatment. (diabetesjournals.org)
- The fundamentals of good clinical care include adequate off-loading, frequent debridement, moist wound care, treatment of infection, and revascularization of ischemic limbs ( 9 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
- To assess the duration of MDE and its clinical and socio-demographic determinants in a study group drawn from the general population with newly originated episodes of major depression. (cambridge.org)
- Clinical and psychosocial origins of chronic depressive episodes. (semanticscholar.org)
- The Danish Health Authority (DHA) was subsequently commissioned to formulate 47 national clinical guidelines to support evidence-based decision making within health areas with a high burden of disease, a perceived large variation in practice, or uncertainty about which care was appropriate. (chiro.org)
- Simply enrolling in a trial and receiving help and support, possibly for the first time, from experienced caring health professionals who caringly enquire about the patients life, may result in substantial clinical improvement. (gwdg.de)
- All patients with blood cultures positive for S. aureus were identified from a retrospective review of the computerized records of the clinical microbiology laboratories between 1 January 1998 and 31 December 2006. (asm.org)
- Patients with chronic conditions generally are not taught how to care for their own illnesses, says Thomas Bodenheimer, MD, a clinical professor in the Department of Family and Community Medicine at the University of California San Francisco Medical School. (managedcaremag.com)
- Hospital and critical care unit admissions are not common but continue to increase, doubling in frequency between 1998 and 2012 ( 7 , 8 ). (frontiersin.org)
- Critical Care Medicine 13.2 (2012): 252. (lasvegasemr.com)
- Though BiPAP is an increasingly common tool used by pediatric critical care physicians and there is promising data suggesting a role for BiPAP in the management of status asthmaticus, more. (bioportfolio.com)
- In the previous issue of Critical Care , Shorr and coworkers [ 1 ] provided new data on the morbidity and cost burden attributable to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)-associated early-onset pneumonia (EOP). (biomedcentral.com)
- RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Data on type 2 diabetes were collected by the Nijmegen Monitoring Project between 1993 and 1998 as part of a study of chronic diseases. (diabetesjournals.org)
- Methods and findings: Using the 1998-2009 Nationwide Inpatient Sample, which provides diagnoses from about 8 million U.S. hospitalizations annually, we examined endocarditis hospitalizations, bacteriology, co-morbidities, outcomes and costs. (harvard.edu)
- Methods We used two datasets of linked hospital admission and death records, the Oxford Record Linkage Study and all-England linked Hospital Episode Statistics, to estimate the risk of lobar pneumonia and other pneumococcal disease (here, all collectively termed pneumococcal disease) in people hospitalised with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression or anxiety. (bmj.com)
- Relative to knowledge about health care expenditure and medical science, much less is known about the return that individuals, and society in general, receive for the investment in health. (nap.edu)
- The National Income and Product Accounts (NIPAs) produced by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and the National Health Expenditure Accounts (NHEAs) produced by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) are the foundational components of the U.S. health care data infrastructure. (nap.edu)
- The authors suggest that although Medicare's current bundled payments may limit spending for patients with AMI within 30 days of the episode, they do not contain spending beyond 30 days, which accounted for most of the expenditure growth. (medindia.net)
- To provide a more current expression of medical expenditures for otitis media, we inflated the 1992 expenditure estimates to 1998 dollars using the Consumer Price Index published by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics. (aappublications.org)
- Schizophrenia is a rare but devastating condition, affecting about 1% of the world's population and resulting in about 2% of the US health care expenditure. (jmir.org)
- 25% of the patients had recurrent episodes. (diabetesjournals.org)
- We report a case of a patient with a lifetime history of 8 episodes of recurrent lymphocytic meningitis. (cdc.gov)
- The syndrome of idiopathic recurrent lymphocytic meningitis was first described in 1944 by French neurologist Pierre Mollaret for 3 patients who had short-lasting episodes of recurrent fever, headache, and vomiting caused by aseptic meningitis ( 4 ). (cdc.gov)
- A recurrent episode predicted shorter duration. (cambridge.org)
- We designed a descriptive prospective study and included information from Danish population registers to study first-time ever and recurrent psychiatric episodes during the perinatal period, including treatment at psychiatric facilities and general practitioners (GPs). (eur.nl)
- RESULTS - The study population of type 2 diabetic patients increased from 511 patient-years in 1993 to 665 in 1998. (diabetesjournals.org)
- A 1998 study identified the total cost of treatment of a lower-extremity ulcer as $4,595 per ulcer episode ( 5 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
- We used the General Practice Research Database (GPRD) as the basis for our study, to study current testing patterns, incidence, treatment and referral of CT in primary care, and how this has changed over time. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- A new study published in JAMA Internal Medicine reveals that Medicare expenses for patients suffering from acute myocardial infarction (AMI, heart attack) saw a substantial increase between 1998 and 2008. (medindia.net)
- Researchers examined Medicare expenses for AMI in part because of large budget deficits in the United States and the high cost of caring for Medicare beneficiaries, according to the study background. (medindia.net)
- Expenses for skilled nursing facilities, hospice, home health agencies, durable medical equipment and outpatient care nearly doubled 31 days or more after hospital admission, according to study results. (medindia.net)
- A potential approach is to extend bundled or episode-based reimbursements to periods beyond 30 days," the study concludes. (medindia.net)
- The study captured expenditures to treat otitis media during a calendar year and should not be interpreted as the cost to treat episodes of otitis media. (aappublications.org)
- This study used data from a large national pediatric cohort to examine patterns of diagnosis of depression, prescription of antidepressants, prescription of pharmacological alternatives to antidepressants, and use of psychosocial care before and after the FDA advisory was issued. (nih.gov)
- This study used population surveys to explore the effect of these new services on the use of traditional providers of unscheduled care, and to improve understanding of help seeking behaviour within the system of unscheduled care. (biomedcentral.com)
- We used incidence rates and Cox proportional hazards models to study hospital-treated injuries and poisonings in 1998-2008. (biomedcentral.com)
- 20. McLaughlin A, McLaughlin B, Elliott J, Campalani G. Noise levels in a cardiac surgical intensive care unit: a preliminary study conducted in secret. (ahrq.gov)
- The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that relatives designated as high EE would report higher subjective burden of care, and would be associated with objective variables that indicate greater illness severity i.e. number of previous hospitalizations and duration of illness. (biomedcentral.com)
- To date, no studies have quantified the incidence and prevalence of perinatal psychiatric episodes treated in primary and secondary care, which we aimed to do in the present study. (eur.nl)
- Separate multivariate models for men and for women were constructed to study the association between employment transitions and episodes of psychological distress (general health questionnaire). (bmj.com)
- The patients in the study experienced significant pain relief for 82 to 84 weeks of 104 weeks, requiring approximately 5 to 6 treatments with an average relief of 19 weeks per episode of treatment. (medsci.org)
- In order to determine the risk of developing cerebral oedema, and its outcome during an episode of DKA, we have completed a national study in England, Scotland, and Wales. (bmj.com)
- Overall, hospitals' net revenues rose 1.1% in 1998 compared with 0.4% in 1997, the department said last week. (modernhealthcare.com)
- In 1998-99 there were 502 private hospitals in Australia. (abs.gov.au)
- Acute care hospitals are hospitals which provide at least minimal medical, surgical or obstetrical services for admitted patient treatment and/or care and provide round the clock comprehensive qualified nursing services. (abs.gov.au)
- In 1998-99 private hospitals comprised 286 acute hospitals, 26 psychiatric hospitals and 190 free-standing day hospital facilities. (abs.gov.au)
- The great bulk of private hospital beds (88%) were in acute hospitals (the type of hospital familiar to most people in Australia, providing surgery, obstetrics or other procedures together with 24 hour nursing care). (abs.gov.au)
- The numbers of acute and psychiatric hospitals had changed little over the 1990s, but the number of free-standing day hospital facilities had grown steadily, with the 72 facilities in 1991-92 more than doubling by 1998-99. (abs.gov.au)
- By 1998-99 these facilities accounted for 6% of private hospital beds and 15% of separations (episodes of patient care) in private hospitals. (abs.gov.au)
- Every day, millions of parents seek health care for sick children, taking them to hospitals, health centres, pharmacists, community health care providers and tradi- tional healers. (who.int)
- Based on the data recorded by 42 US hospitals, those investigators found methicillin resistance to be associated with a significant 4- to 6-day excess in mechanical ventilation, and intensive care unit (ICU) and in-hospital days. (biomedcentral.com)
- Because Shorr and coworkers found that only 499 episodes were recorded in 42 hospitals over 2 years, this suggests that the incidence was unusually low or that EOP was largely under-reported. (biomedcentral.com)
- Researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the U.S. Hemophilia Treatment Center Network analyzed data from a health monitoring system that tracked care and health outcomes of boys and men with hemophilia in the United States. (cdc.gov)
- The emergency care of the patient centers on prompt diagnosis and treatment of potentially life-threatening entities. (medscape.com)
- Fazeelat Aslam, VICE.com, for her piece, " Misconception: The Fake Abortion Clinics of America " on VICE.com, which exposed the false information perpetuated by so-called "crisis pregnancy centers" and the harm they can do to women seeking care and the broader reproductive rights movement as a whole. (plannedparenthood.org)
- In this article I consider the implications of these observations for the structure and functioning of patient care teams in primary care. (bmj.com)
- O'Shaughnessy T. Craniomandibular/temporomandibular/cervical implications of a forced hyper-extension/hyper-flexion episode (ie, whiplash). (erinelster.com)
- 9 By combining medical and behavioral health care services, the United States could save $37.6 billion to $67.8 billion a year. (cdc.gov)
- Amongst cases with identified pathogens, Staphylococcus aureus was the most common, increasing from 37.6% in 1998 to 49.3% in 2009, 53.3% of which were MRSA. (harvard.edu)
- In recent years, there have been programs to improve the training of general practitioners in mental health care and to increase access to psychological, allied mental health, and psychiatric services (ie, the Better Outcomes in Mental Health Care initiative and the Better Access to Mental Health Care initiative). (mja.com.au)
- A retrospective review of claims data identified new entries into health care for LBP. (chiro.org)
- Using cross-sectional data from three Indian states, we sought to assess the relationship between episode severity and the recall, care-seeking, and treatment of childhood diarrhea. (ajtmh.org)
- At the heart of this information chasm is the need for data on how inputs into medical care translate into outputs-completed treatments and procedures-that, in combination with other factors, ultimately affect the population's health. (nap.edu)
- In this report, we provide guidance about what data are needed to measure the outputs produced by the medical care sector. (nap.edu)
- In order for policy makers to pursue actions that reduce costs sensibly, improve performance, and, in general, enhance the efficiency of the national approach to health and medical care, a more systematic approach to compiling data for the purpose of tracking productivity in the sector is needed. (nap.edu)
- An abundance of data accumulated over the past two decades supports the value of early intervention following the first episode of psychosis. (nih.gov)
- 7 High‐quality data on the diagnosis and management of chlamydia in primary care are therefore required for service planning. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- The GPRD contains anonymised data on 4.7% (2.8 million in 2005) of the UK population, recorded in the primary care setting, which are updated within 3 months of recording. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- Data on the duration of major depressive episodes (MDE) in the general population are sparse. (cambridge.org)
- But if we turn to smart technologies and data-a "Connected Care" continuum-to support aging populations, will one Robo-Doc replace multiple human MDs? (voiceamerica.com)
- We tested this hypothesis using all England Hospital Episode Statistics data (1998-2012), within which we identified 23,454 people with ADPKD and 6,412,754 hospital controls. (asnjournals.org)
- Some studies suggested crisis intervention to be more cost-effective than hospital care but all numerical data were either skewed or unusable. (altmetric.com)
- We analysed episode-level data on all obstetric inpatient delivery events (live or stillbirth) between 1 April 1998 and 31 March 2013 ( n = 813,921) using the Scottish Morbidity Record (SMR02). (springer.com)
- Setting Primary care data collected between 1993 and 2013, stored in the CPRD. (bmj.com)
- Analysis We defined incident episodes as those with no preceding diagnostic code for CTS in the past 2 years of data. (bmj.com)
- We report data from national surveillance for cases of cerebral oedema and an independent system of ascertainment of episodes of DKA. (bmj.com)
- A hypotonic-hyporesponsive episode (HHE) is the sudden onset of hypotonia, hyporesponsiveness, and pallor or cyanosis that occurs within 48 hours after childhood immunizations. (aappublications.org)
- Recall error was higher for episodes with onset 8-14 days (31.2%) versus 1-7 days (4.8%) before the survey, and logistic regression analysis showed a trend toward increased severity of less recent compared with more recent episodes. (ajtmh.org)
- 2013). These evidence-based components often come together in specialized early intervention programs that emphasize prompt detection of psychosis, acute care during or following periods of crisis, and recovery-oriented services offered over a 2-3 year period following psychosis onset. (nih.gov)
- Recent studies emphasize continuity of specialized care for up to five years post-psychosis onset in order to consolidate gains achieved through initial treatment (Norman et al. (nih.gov)
- During this latest episode, the patient sought care for acute onset of bilateral diffuse headaches, with pain radiating to the neck. (cdc.gov)
- It deals with the contribution of factors influencing onset of a depressive episode as well as those related to whether this takes a chronic course. (semanticscholar.org)
- The resulting burden to society in terms of costly health care is substantial. (diabetesjournals.org)
- Complaints of the lower extremities are a serious problem because of their high prevalence and substantial impact on functional disability, health care costs, sick leave, and work disability. (bmj.com)
- In 1998, I started writing about the problems in psychiatric drug trials. (whale.to)
- Perinatal psychiatric episodes comprise various disorders and symptom severity, which are diagnosed and treated in multiple treatment settings. (eur.nl)
- Results showed first-time psychiatric episodes treated at inpatient facilities were rare during pregnancy, but increased significantly shortly following childbirth (0.02 vs 0.25 per 1000 births). (eur.nl)
- In comparison, first-time psychiatric episodes treated at outpatient facilities were more common, and showed little variation across pregnancy and postpartum. (eur.nl)
- For every single birth resulting in postpartum episodes treated at inpatient psychiatric facilities, 2.5 births were followed by an episode treated at outpatient psychiatric facility and 12 births by GP-provided pharmacological treatment. (eur.nl)
- That *seems* to suggest that physical therapy *may* entail less expense, or shorter durations of care, or that chiropractic patients are more likely to end up with surgery. (chiro.org)
- Most patients with symptoms of back pain seen by the primary care physician relate to nonspecific back pain, which generally subsides over a few weeks following conservative measures. (gehealthcare.com)
- Patients and families are choosing the option of home care more frequently. (aafp.org)
- These regulations require patients who receive home health care services to be under the care of a physician and to be homebound. (aafp.org)
- Patients (or caregivers) often desire to avoid prolonged expensive care at the end of life. (aafp.org)
- Patients choose to receive care in the home. (aafp.org)
- A patient care team is a group of diverse clinicians who communicate with each other regularly about the care of a defined group of patients and participate in that care. (bmj.com)
- Teams that cross practice or organisational boundaries may create communication and administrative nightmares but are essential for optimising care for many patients. (bmj.com)
- Population based care -Population based care is an approach to planning and delivering care to defined patient populations that tries to ensure that effective interventions reach all patients who need them. (bmj.com)
- OBJECTIVE - To determine the incidence of foot ulceration and lower limb amputation in type 2 diabetic patients in primary health care. (diabetesjournals.org)
- The records of all patients recorded as having diabetic foot problems and those who died, moved to a nursing home, or were under specialist care were included. (diabetesjournals.org)
- In the Netherlands, the care for patients with type 2 diabetes has shifted from outpatient clinics to primary health care. (diabetesjournals.org)
- Studies outside the Netherlands report varying prevalences in type 2 diabetic patients of foot ulceration (2-7%) and of lower limb amputation (0.2-4%) in primary health care ( 4 - 9 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
- In primary health care in the Netherlands, it is estimated that 13% of diabetic patients are at risk for developing foot problems ( 11 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
- The revised recommendation advises education on foot care and inspection annually for all diabetic patients and every 3 months for those who have had previous ulceration or have foot deformities or neuropathy. (diabetesjournals.org)
- The incidence of CT tests, diagnostic episodes, treatments and referrals was measured for all adult patients in the General Practice Research Database between 1990 and 2004. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- An important feature of the Dutch health care system is that patients first have to see their GP before going to a specialist. (bmj.com)
- Depressive symptoms are common in patients with first episode psychosis (FEP) and have serious consequences for them. (biomedcentral.com)
- Riedel and colleagues [ 14 ] found that depressed first-episode schizophrenia patients scored significantly higher on all PANSS subscales (PANSS total, PANSS positive and PANSS negative) both at admission and discharge. (biomedcentral.com)
- They catered for just over a third of all admitted patients who left hospital in the year (34%) and provided 28% of the total days of hospital care. (abs.gov.au)
- Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a serious infectious condition in intensive care unit (ICU) patients, currently related to a high mortality rate. (ersjournals.com)
- Eighty-nine patients (53%) were admitted to an intensive care unit, 46 (27%) to a general pediatric or surgical ward and 33 (20%) to the oncology ward. (nih.gov)
- Recent UK health policy initiatives have focused on introducing new services into the system of unscheduled care, either to provide care or to guide patients to the most appropriate traditional service. (biomedcentral.com)
- Moreover, since some patients are discharged and readmitted during a single episode of endocarditis, our hospitalization figures probably slightly overstate the true incidence of this illness. (harvard.edu)
- For patients with acute (0-3 months) back pain, we suggest offering advice (posture, staying active), reassurance, education and self-management strategies in addition to SMT, usual medical care when deemed beneficial, or a combination of SMT and usual medical care to improve pain and disability. (chiro.org)
- For patients with chronic (>3 months) back pain, we suggest offering advice and education, SMT or SMT as part of a multimodal therapy (exercise, myofascial therapy or usual medical care when deemed beneficial). (chiro.org)
- The association between expressed emotion, illness severity and subjective burden of care in relatives of patients with schizophrenia. (biomedcentral.com)
- The CCrISP® course assists doctors in developing simple, useful skills for managing critically ill patients, and promotes the coordination of multidisciplinary care where appropriate. (surgeons.org)
- These cellular level processes produce end-organ changes that ultimately result in specific risks and preventive care needs, unique emergency situations, and long-term complications for patients. (healio.com)
- There are several areas concerning the primary care of patients with SCD that are unique, all of them a direct result of the disease's pathophysiology. (healio.com)
- Moreover, it has been suggested that antidepressants have no specific action in these disorders: The placebo effect being accentuated in patients receiving antidepressants due to the perception of side effects (Kirsch & Sapirstein, 1998). (gwdg.de)
- After an initial increase between 1993 and 2007, the percentage of prevalent patients with a coded surgical episode began to decrease after 2007 to 27.41% in 2013 (annual percentage change −1.7). (bmj.com)
- It's no less true for being obvious: Educating and managing patients with chronic conditions is an effective way to stabilize overall health care costs. (managedcaremag.com)
- Caring for chronic illness usually features uninformed and passive patients interacting with an unprepared practice team," he says. (managedcaremag.com)
- More managed care plans are looking hard at ways to manage their chronically ill patients," he says. (managedcaremag.com)
- We look at improving care for entire subsets of patients, developing evidence-based care management programs - not only for chronic conditions, but also for the treatment of pain - for geriatric populations and other populations," he says. (managedcaremag.com)
- An article in the Feb. 24, 2003, issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine titled "Physician, Public, and Policymaker Perspectives on Chronic Conditions" reported that most physicians, health care policymakers, and patients believe our health care system fails to meet the needs of people with chronic conditions. (managedcaremag.com)
- After the initial trial, a total of 28 additional episodes of prone position ventilation were performed in nine of the 19 patients. (ovid.com)
- Home health care is the fastest-growing expense in the Medicare program because of the aging population, the increasing prevalence of chronic disease and increasing hospital costs. (aafp.org)
- Although life-threatening episodes are uncommon, these events constitute an unpredictable risk and their prevalence is steadily increasing affecting up to 2% of the population ( 6 ). (frontiersin.org)
- However, in Australia and other countries, government bodies and stroke foundations predict a rise in the prevalence of stroke that is anticipated to increase the burden of stroke across the entire domain of care. (frontiersin.org)
- Patient resides in a home or facility that does not perform skilled care (e.g., not in a nursing home or hospital). (aafp.org)
- The family physician acts as the gatekeeper for hospital-based care. (diabetesjournals.org)
- The Medicare Payment Advisory Commission recommended a 0.7% increase in Medicare hospital payment rates, despite record hospital margins on Medicare inpatient care (See story, p. 8). (modernhealthcare.com)
- Hospital admissions for endocarditis rose from 25,511 in 1998 to 38, 976 in 2009 (12.7 per 100,000 population in 2009). (harvard.edu)
- 5. Snyder C, Anderson G. Do quality improvement organizations improve the quality of hospital care for Medicare beneficiaries? (ahrq.gov)
- Guidelines for Design and Construction of Hospital and Health Care Facilities. (ahrq.gov)
- Results CAP increased by 4.2%/year (95% CI 3.6 to 4.8) from 1998 to 2008, and subsequently much faster at 8.8%/year (95% CI 7.8 to 9.7) from 2009 to 2014. (bmj.com)
- Studies show that 80 percent of overall health care costs results from treating about 20 percent of the population. (managedcaremag.com)
- RESULTS A total of 34 cases of cerebral oedema and 2940 episodes of DKA were identified. (bmj.com)
- Another significant care standard is found in Medical Management of the Home Care Patient: Guidelines for Physicians , published by the American Medical Association (AMA) in 1998. (aafp.org)
- Bartlett J, Kett-White R, Mendelow AD, Miller JD, Pickard J, Teasdale G (1998) Guidelines for the initial management of head injuries: recommendations from the Society of British Neurological Surgeons. (springer.com)
- The foundation mission is to help chronically/terminally ill children deal with their pain and to improve palliative care for chronically and terminally ill children. (voiceamerica.com)
- Lisa has also founded the David Center for Pain and Palliative Care at Hackensack University Medical Center in New Jersey. (voiceamerica.com)
- I am also interested in a range of other questions about health care systems, physicians organizations, provider compensation, health care cost growth, and health care quality. (stanford.edu)
- Pediatricians and nonpediatrician primary care physicians accounted for the largest reductions in new diagnoses. (nih.gov)
- In surveying 1,239 physicians, 1,663 randomly chosen people, and 155 health care policymakers, Partnership researchers found that a majority of all three groups agree it is somewhat or very difficult for people with chronic conditions to obtain adequate care. (managedcaremag.com)
- The real potential of team care to improve health outcomes and reduce healthcare costs is the ability to increase the number and quality of services available. (bmj.com)
- Pregnancies to mothers with type 1 ( n = 3229) and type 2 ( n = 1452) diabetes were identified from the national diabetes database (Scottish Care Information-Diabetes), and perinatal outcomes were compared among women with type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and those without diabetes. (springer.com)
- Medicare's regulations are often considered the standard of care for all home health agency interactions, even when a patient does not have Medicare insurance. (aafp.org)
- As the population continues to age, the strain that will be put on publicly funded programs such as Medicare will only elevate the debate about how best to meet the nation's health care needs. (nap.edu)
- In an invited commentary, Ashish K. Jha, M.D., M.P.H., of the Harvard School of Public Health, writes: "Likosky and colleagues report on patterns of care and spending for Medicare beneficiaries hospitalized for an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). (medindia.net)
- Other areas of research examine Medicare Advantage, prescribing patterns and medication adherence, and he causes and consequences of rising health care spending. (academyhealth.org)
- 25 years who accepted screening in the primary care setting tested positive in pilots for a national screening programme in England. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- 2 , 3 England is now in the process of rolling out an opportunistic National Chlamydia Screening Programme (NCSP) 4 that will rely heavily on screening in primary care. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- Successful chronic disease interventions usually involve a coordinated multidisciplinary care team. (bmj.com)
- most plans are only lately beginning to address chronic care management. (managedcaremag.com)
- Virtually all health plans' benefit structures are calculated to treat people episodically, for acute care rather than chronic care. (managedcaremag.com)
- Finding those 20 percent and getting them the care they need means managed care needs to go beyond utilization review and recognize the need for chronic care management. (managedcaremag.com)
- Over the years, we've gotten better and better at acute care, and the upshot is that although people are living longer, they are now living with more chronic diseases. (managedcaremag.com)
- To determine the extent of testing, diagnostic episodes and management of genital Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infection in UK primary care using a large primary care database. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- 6 However, there is a dearth of information on recent trends in chlamydia testing, diagnoses and management in the primary care setting, against which the effect of the NCSP can be measured. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- His 2008 article in Health Affairs, titled "Impact of Decreasing Copayments on Medication Adherence within Disease Management Program," was awarded the Research Award from the National Institute for Health Care Management. (academyhealth.org)
- This is anticipated to increase the burden of stroke across the entire domain of stroke care, from acute management to rehabilitation and long-term care. (frontiersin.org)
- This was reinforced by Australian research which demonstrated a high mortality rate of unexpected admission to ICU and an average delay in definitive management despite several episodes of medical review. (surgeons.org)
- Their programs go beyond disease management, says Mustille, in that they are highly integrated into primary care protocols. (managedcaremag.com)
- First, the incidence of lower extremity complaints in general practice informs us about the burden of these complaints in the general population-that is, the number of people with new lower extremity complaints that are serious, painful, or troublesome enough to seek medical care. (bmj.com)
- High-EE relatives reported more subjective burden of care in disturbed behaviours and adverse effects areas, but did not perceive more deficits in social role performances. (biomedcentral.com)
- Objective burden of care is meant to indicate its effects on the household (such as effects on health, financial loss and daily chores), whereas subjective burden indicates the extent to which the caregivers perceive the burden of care. (biomedcentral.com)
- Even after taking other health risks-like smoking and obesity-into account, employees at high risk of depression had the highest health care costs during the 3 years after an initial health risk assessment. (cdc.gov)
- David fought hard for two years until he passed away on August 6, 1998 from a lung infection. (voiceamerica.com)
- 13 359 employment transitions from 5092 people aged 16-74 years in the British household panel survey from 1991 to 1998. (bmj.com)
- The patient must have a documented need for skilled nursing care or physical, occupational or speech therapy. (aafp.org)
- A detailed referral and specific care plan maximize the care to the patient and the reimbursement received by the physician. (aafp.org)
- Patient is under the care of a physician. (aafp.org)
- What do the team members other than the doctor do to support patient care? (bmj.com)
- I performed a Medline search for randomised controlled trials of team care using the MeSH heading "patient care team. (bmj.com)
- What is a patient care team? (bmj.com)
- We report an unusual case of serum IgG subclass 2 immunodeficiency in a patient with 8 lifetime episodes of RBLM. (cdc.gov)
- GPs classified the symptoms and diagnosis for each patient at each consultation according to the International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC). (bmj.com)
- Noise in acute patient care areas. (ahrq.gov)
- RACS has officially launched Edition 4 of the Care of the Critically Ill Surgical Patient (CCrISP®) course across Australia and New Zealand. (surgeons.org)
- Care of the Critically Ill Surgical Patient (CCrISP®) is a product of the Royal College of Surgeons of England and was designed by Mr. Iain Anderson, Senior Lecturer in Surgery, Manchester University. (surgeons.org)
- CCrISP® is directed at doctors to advance the practical, theoretical and personal skills necessary for the care of the critically ill surgical patient. (surgeons.org)
- The National Strategy for Sexual Health and HIV mandates the growth of sexually transmitted infection (STI) work in the primary care setting, 5 whereas limited capacity in genitourinary medicine (GUM) services and the wider availability of laboratory tests has encouraged general practitioners (GPs) to provide more STI care. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- The provider chosen for entry into care may predict future health care utilization and costs. (chiro.org)
- One aspect of work in this area involves studying impacts of managed care and related insurance arrangements on things like health care costs, the pricing of physician services, prices for health insurance, and the availability and utilization of medical technologies. (stanford.edu)