Refusal to Treat: Refusal of the health professional to initiate or continue treatment of a patient or group of patients. The refusal can be based on any reason. The concept is differentiated from PATIENT REFUSAL OF TREATMENT see TREATMENT REFUSAL which originates with the patient and not the health professional.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Intention to Treat Analysis: Strategy for the analysis of RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS AS TOPIC that compares patients in the groups to which they were originally randomly assigned.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Phytotherapy: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Medicine, Traditional: Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Drug Therapy, Combination: Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Clinical Trials as Topic: Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Antineoplastic Agents: Substances that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of NEOPLASMS.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Cell Line, Tumor: A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Genetic Therapy: Techniques and strategies which include the use of coding sequences and other conventional or radical means to transform or modify cells for the purpose of treating or reversing disease conditions.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Anti-Inflammatory Agents: Substances that reduce or suppress INFLAMMATION.Administration, Oral: The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.Combined Modality Therapy: The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Drug Evaluation, Preclinical: Preclinical testing of drugs in experimental animals or in vitro for their biological and toxic effects and potential clinical applications.Mice, Inbred C57BLNeoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.United StatesDrug Administration Schedule: Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.Ethnobotany: The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.Antiviral Agents: Agents used in the prophylaxis or therapy of VIRUS DISEASES. Some of the ways they may act include preventing viral replication by inhibiting viral DNA polymerase; binding to specific cell-surface receptors and inhibiting viral penetration or uncoating; inhibiting viral protein synthesis; or blocking late stages of virus assembly.Drug Delivery Systems: Systems for the delivery of drugs to target sites of pharmacological actions. Technologies employed include those concerning drug preparation, route of administration, site targeting, metabolism, and toxicity.Stents: Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Plant Preparations: Material prepared from plants.Drug Combinations: Single preparations containing two or more active agents, for the purpose of their concurrent administration as a fixed dose mixture.Patient Selection: Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Analgesics: Compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS.Immunologic Factors: Biologically active substances whose activities affect or play a role in the functioning of the immune system.Administration, Topical: The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.Apoptosis: One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Immunotherapy: Manipulation of the host's immune system in treatment of disease. It includes both active and passive immunization as well as immunosuppressive therapy to prevent graft rejection.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Antibodies, Monoclonal: Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Antiprotozoal Agents: Substances that are destructive to protozoans.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Cryotherapy: A form of therapy consisting in the local or general use of cold. The selective destruction of tissue by extreme cold or freezing is CRYOSURGERY. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Numbers Needed To Treat: Number of patients who need to be treated in order to prevent one additional bad outcome. It is the inverse of Absolute Risk Reduction.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Ethnopharmacology: The study of the actions and properties of medicinal agents, often derived from PLANTS, indigenous to populations or ETHNIC GROUPS.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Adrenal Cortex HormonesAlgorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Medicine, East Asian Traditional: Medical practice or discipline that is based on the knowledge, cultures, and beliefs of the people in EAST ASIA.Glucocorticoids: A group of CORTICOSTEROIDS that affect carbohydrate metabolism (GLUCONEOGENESIS, liver glycogen deposition, elevation of BLOOD SUGAR), inhibit ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE secretion, and possess pronounced anti-inflammatory activity. They also play a role in fat and protein metabolism, maintenance of arterial blood pressure, alteration of the connective tissue response to injury, reduction in the number of circulating lymphocytes, and functioning of the central nervous system.Genetic Vectors: DNA molecules capable of autonomous replication within a host cell and into which other DNA sequences can be inserted and thus amplified. Many are derived from PLASMIDS; BACTERIOPHAGES; or VIRUSES. They are used for transporting foreign genes into recipient cells. Genetic vectors possess a functional replicator site and contain GENETIC MARKERS to facilitate their selective recognition.Immunosuppressive Agents: Agents that suppress immune function by one of several mechanisms of action. Classical cytotoxic immunosuppressants act by inhibiting DNA synthesis. Others may act through activation of T-CELLS or by inhibiting the activation of HELPER CELLS. While immunosuppression has been brought about in the past primarily to prevent rejection of transplanted organs, new applications involving mediation of the effects of INTERLEUKINS and other CYTOKINES are emerging.Molecular Targeted Therapy: Treatments with drugs which interact with or block synthesis of specific cellular components characteristic of the individual's disease in order to stop or interrupt the specific biochemical dysfunction involved in progression of the disease.Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal: Anti-inflammatory agents that are non-steroidal in nature. In addition to anti-inflammatory actions, they have analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions.They act by blocking the synthesis of prostaglandins by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, which converts arachidonic acid to cyclic endoperoxides, precursors of prostaglandins. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis accounts for their analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions; other mechanisms may contribute to their anti-inflammatory effects.Mice, Inbred BALB CAnti-Infective Agents: Substances that prevent infectious agents or organisms from spreading or kill infectious agents in order to prevent the spread of infection.Drug Discovery: The process of finding chemicals for potential therapeutic use.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Off-Label Use: The practice of prescribing or using a drug outside the scope of the drug's official approved label as designated by a regulatory agency concerning the treatment of a particular disease or condition.Embolization, Therapeutic: A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.Laser Therapy: The use of photothermal effects of LASERS to coagulate, incise, vaporize, resect, dissect, or resurface tissue.Medicine, Chinese Traditional: A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.Stem Cell Transplantation: The transfer of STEM CELLS from one individual to another within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or between species (XENOTRANSPLANTATION), or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). The source and location of the stem cells determines their potency or pluripotency to differentiate into various cell types.Dermatologic Agents: Drugs used to treat or prevent skin disorders or for the routine care of skin.Herbal Medicine: The study of medicines derived from botanical sources.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Cell Survival: The span of viability of a cell characterized by the capacity to perform certain functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, some form of responsiveness, and adaptability.Phototherapy: Treatment of disease by exposure to light, especially by variously concentrated light rays or specific wavelengths.Clinical Protocols: Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.Survival Analysis: A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Antimalarials: Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.Drug Design: The molecular designing of drugs for specific purposes (such as DNA-binding, enzyme inhibition, anti-cancer efficacy, etc.) based on knowledge of molecular properties such as activity of functional groups, molecular geometry, and electronic structure, and also on information cataloged on analogous molecules. Drug design is generally computer-assisted molecular modeling and does not include pharmacokinetics, dosage analysis, or drug administration analysis.Hypoglycemic Agents: Substances which lower blood glucose levels.Drug Synergism: The action of a drug in promoting or enhancing the effectiveness of another drug.Inflammation: A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.Anticonvulsants: Drugs used to prevent SEIZURES or reduce their severity.Blood Vessel Prosthesis: Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.Acupuncture Therapy: Treatment of disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians. The placement varies with the disease being treated. It is sometimes used in conjunction with heat, moxibustion, acupressure, or electric stimulation.Treatment Failure: A measure of the quality of health care by assessment of unsuccessful results of management and procedures used in combating disease, in individual cases or series.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Antifungal Agents: Substances that destroy fungi by suppressing their ability to grow or reproduce. They differ from FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL because they defend against fungi present in human or animal tissues.Patient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Medicine, Ayurvedic: The traditional Hindu system of medicine which is based on customs, beliefs, and practices of the Hindu culture. Ayurveda means "the science of Life": veda - science, ayur - life.Injections, Intralesional: Injections introduced directly into localized lesions.Antimanic Agents: Agents that are used to treat bipolar disorders or mania associated with other affective disorders.Central Nervous System Agents: A class of drugs producing both physiological and psychological effects through a variety of mechanisms. They can be divided into "specific" agents, e.g., affecting an identifiable molecular mechanism unique to target cells bearing receptors for that agent, and "nonspecific" agents, those producing effects on different target cells and acting by diverse molecular mechanisms. Those with nonspecific mechanisms are generally further classed according to whether they produce behavioral depression or stimulation. Those with specific mechanisms are classed by locus of action or specific therapeutic use. (From Gilman AG, et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p252)Drug Approval: Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Bacterial Infections: Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.Enzyme Inhibitors: Compounds or agents that combine with an enzyme in such a manner as to prevent the normal substrate-enzyme combination and the catalytic reaction.Cyclohexanecarboxylic AcidsMice, Nude: Mutant mice homozygous for the recessive gene "nude" which fail to develop a thymus. They are useful in tumor studies and studies on immune responses.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Bandages: Material used for wrapping or binding any part of the body.Wound Healing: Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.Inhibitory Concentration 50: The concentration of a compound needed to reduce population growth of organisms, including eukaryotic cells, by 50% in vitro. Though often expressed to denote in vitro antibacterial activity, it is also used as a benchmark for cytotoxicity to eukaryotic cells in culture.Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy: Therapies that involve the TRANSPLANTATION of CELLS or TISSUES developed for the purpose of restoring the function of diseased or dysfunctional cells or tissues.Survival Rate: The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.Neuralgia: Intense or aching pain that occurs along the course or distribution of a peripheral or cranial nerve.Surgical Procedures, Minimally Invasive: Procedures that avoid use of open, invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device.Injections: Introduction of substances into the body using a needle and syringe.Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized: Antibodies from non-human species whose protein sequences have been modified to make them nearly identical with human antibodies. If the constant region and part of the variable region are replaced, they are called humanized. If only the constant region is modified they are called chimeric. INN names for humanized antibodies end in -zumab.Analgesics, Opioid: Compounds with activity like OPIATE ALKALOIDS, acting at OPIOID RECEPTORS. Properties include induction of ANALGESIA or NARCOSIS.Injections, Intravenous: Injections made into a vein for therapeutic or experimental purposes.Ischemia: A hypoperfusion of the BLOOD through an organ or tissue caused by a PATHOLOGIC CONSTRICTION or obstruction of its BLOOD VESSELS, or an absence of BLOOD CIRCULATION.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Vascular Surgical Procedures: Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols: The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially in the drug therapy of neoplasms. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.Drug Interactions: The action of a drug that may affect the activity, metabolism, or toxicity of another drug.Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays: In vivo methods of screening investigative anticancer drugs, biologic response modifiers or radiotherapies. Human tumor tissue or cells are transplanted into mice or rats followed by tumor treatment regimens. A variety of outcomes are monitored to assess antitumor effectiveness.Drug Resistance, Bacterial: The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Antineoplastic Protocols: Clinical protocols used to inhibit the growth or spread of NEOPLASMS.Catheterization: Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.Antitubercular Agents: Drugs used in the treatment of tuberculosis. They are divided into two main classes: "first-line" agents, those with the greatest efficacy and acceptable degrees of toxicity used successfully in the great majority of cases; and "second-line" drugs used in drug-resistant cases or those in which some other patient-related condition has compromised the effectiveness of primary therapy.Injections, Intramuscular: Forceful administration into a muscle of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the muscle and any tissue covering it.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Dental Care for Chronically Ill: Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.Drug Resistance, Neoplasm: Resistance or diminished response of a neoplasm to an antineoplastic agent in humans, animals, or cell or tissue cultures.Blotting, Western: Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.Molecular Structure: The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Gene Transfer Techniques: The introduction of functional (usually cloned) GENES into cells. A variety of techniques and naturally occurring processes are used for the gene transfer such as cell hybridization, LIPOSOMES or microcell-mediated gene transfer, ELECTROPORATION, chromosome-mediated gene transfer, TRANSFECTION, and GENETIC TRANSDUCTION. Gene transfer may result in genetically transformed cells and individual organisms.Cognitive Therapy: A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.Mice, Knockout: Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.Hyperhidrosis: Excessive sweating. In the localized type, the most frequent sites are the palms, soles, axillae, inguinal folds, and the perineal area. Its chief cause is thought to be emotional. Generalized hyperhidrosis may be induced by a hot, humid environment, by fever, or by vigorous exercise.Antipruritics: Agents, usually topical, that relieve itching (pruritus).Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Single-Blind Method: A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.Debridement: The removal of foreign material and devitalized or contaminated tissue from or adjacent to a traumatic or infected lesion until surrounding healthy tissue is exposed. (Dorland, 27th ed)Delayed-Action Preparations: Dosage forms of a drug that act over a period of time by controlled-release processes or technology.Catheter Ablation: Removal of tissue with electrical current delivered via electrodes positioned at the distal end of a catheter. Energy sources are commonly direct current (DC-shock) or alternating current at radiofrequencies (usually 750 kHz). The technique is used most often to ablate the AV junction and/or accessory pathways in order to interrupt AV conduction and produce AV block in the treatment of various tachyarrhythmias.Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)Acupuncture Points: Designated locations along nerves or organ meridians for inserting acupuncture needles.Drug Costs: The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).Cytokines: Non-antibody proteins secreted by inflammatory leukocytes and some non-leukocytic cells, that act as intercellular mediators. They differ from classical hormones in that they are produced by a number of tissue or cell types rather than by specialized glands. They generally act locally in a paracrine or autocrine rather than endocrine manner.Gastrointestinal Diseases: Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Drug Therapy: The use of DRUGS to treat a DISEASE or its symptoms. One example is the use of ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS to treat CANCER.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Photochemotherapy: Therapy using oral or topical photosensitizing agents with subsequent exposure to light.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Health Care Costs: The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.Prostatic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.Liver Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the LIVER.Cell Differentiation: Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.Orthopedic Procedures: Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.Immunoglobulins, Intravenous: Immunoglobulin preparations used in intravenous infusion, containing primarily IMMUNOGLOBULIN G. They are used to treat a variety of diseases associated with decreased or abnormal immunoglobulin levels including pediatric AIDS; primary HYPERGAMMAGLOBULINEMIA; SCID; CYTOMEGALOVIRUS infections in transplant recipients, LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA, CHRONIC; Kawasaki syndrome, infection in neonates, and IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA.Surgical Flaps: Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.Dentists: Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Drug Carriers: Forms to which substances are incorporated to improve the delivery and the effectiveness of drugs. Drug carriers are used in drug-delivery systems such as the controlled-release technology to prolong in vivo drug actions, decrease drug metabolism, and reduce drug toxicity. Carriers are also used in designs to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery to the target sites of pharmacological actions. Liposomes, albumin microspheres, soluble synthetic polymers, DNA complexes, protein-drug conjugates, and carrier erythrocytes among others have been employed as biodegradable drug carriers.Constriction, Pathologic: The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.Cell Transplantation: Transference of cells within an individual, between individuals of the same species, or between individuals of different species.Radiology, Interventional: Subspecialty of radiology that combines organ system radiography, catheter techniques and sectional imaging.Administration, Inhalation: The administration of drugs by the respiratory route. It includes insufflation into the respiratory tract.Botulinum Toxins, Type A: A serotype of botulinum toxins that has specificity for cleavage of SYNAPTOSOMAL-ASSOCIATED PROTEIN 25.Antirheumatic Agents: Drugs that are used to treat RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS.Bone Density Conservation Agents: Agents that inhibit BONE RESORPTION and/or favor BONE MINERALIZATION and BONE REGENERATION. They are used to heal BONE FRACTURES and to treat METABOLIC BONE DISEASES such as OSTEOPOROSIS.Polyethylene Glycols: Polymers of ETHYLENE OXIDE and water, and their ethers. They vary in consistency from liquid to solid depending on the molecular weight indicated by a number following the name. They are used as SURFACTANTS, dispersing agents, solvents, ointment and suppository bases, vehicles, and tablet excipients. Some specific groups are NONOXYNOLS, OCTOXYNOLS, and POLOXAMERS.Plant Bark: The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.Neoplasm Transplantation: Experimental transplantation of neoplasms in laboratory animals for research purposes.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Administration, Cutaneous: The application of suitable drug dosage forms to the skin for either local or systemic effects.Complementary Therapies: Therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched some (PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES; DIET; ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.Angiogenesis Inhibitors: Agents and endogenous substances that antagonize or inhibit the development of new blood vessels.Artemisinins: A group of SESQUITERPENES and their analogs that contain a peroxide group (PEROXIDES) within an oxepin ring (OXEPINS).Brain Neoplasms: Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation: Transfer of MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS).Placebos: Any dummy medication or treatment. Although placebos originally were medicinal preparations having no specific pharmacological activity against a targeted condition, the concept has been extended to include treatments or procedures, especially those administered to control groups in clinical trials in order to provide baseline measurements for the experimental protocol.
Treat. Malacol. 167, 333. Sutcharit C., Naggs F., Wade C. M., Fontanilla I. & Panha S. (2010). "The new family Diapheridae, a ... Griffiths O. (1996). Gonospira madgei. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Archived 27 June 2014 at the Wayback Machine. ... Griffiths O. (1996). Gonospira teres. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Archived 27 June 2014 at the Wayback Machine. ... Griffiths O. 1996. Gonospira uvula. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Archived 27 June 2014 at the Wayback Machine. ...
Treat. Malacol. 166, 332. Sutcharit C., Naggs F., Wade C. M., Fontanilla I. & Panha S. (2010). "The new family Diapheridae, a ... Griffiths O. (1996). Gonidomus sulcatus. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Archived 27 June 2014 at the Wayback Machine ... doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2009.00598.x. Griffiths O. (1996). Gonidomus newtoni. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. ...
Jesuit Missions amongst the Huron
Development of analogs of thalidomide
The resolution of compound 3 was accomplished by treating it with N-acetyl-L-leucine yielding 3S. The final step then uses ... In vitro assays on apoptosis in MM cells have been shown, when treated with thalidomide and its analogs, to upregulate the ... EMA has also approved it to treat MM in combination with prednisone and/or melphalan. Orphan indications by the FDA include ... The Cbz-L-glutamine is treated with CDI in refluxing THF to yield Cbz-aminoglutarimide. To remove the Cbz protecting group ...
"Kenya's Dutch treat". Flightglobal. Nairobi. Archived from the original on 25 June 2014. O'Toole, Kevin (7 June 1995). "Foreign ... 8 May 1996. Archived from the original on 28 August 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2012. "No haste, just speed". Flightglobal.com. ... 1 March 1996. Archived from the original on 28 August 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2012. "World Airline Directory - Kenya Airways ... Gilpin, Kenneth N. (16 July 1996). "G.E. Gives Airbus a $2.5 Billion Jet Order". The New York Times. Archived from the original ...
CXCR5 - Википедия
It is also used in women to treat breast cancer, as a component of hormone therapy to treat low estrogen levels and menopausal ... PEP is used as an intramuscular injection for estrogen therapy of prostate cancer in men. It is also used to treat breast ... Treat. 39 (1): 87-92. PMID 8738608. [...] In a study with parenteral estrogen therapy of patients with metastatic breast cancer ... it can be treated by depriving it of androgens. Estradiol produces its therapeutic benefits mainly via exertion of negative ...
Effects of cannabis
Experiments in which babies were treated with CBD followed by THC showed that CBD treatment was associated with a substantial ... "Trick or treat from food endocannabinoids?". Nature. 396 (6712): 636-7. Bibcode:1998Natur.396..636D. doi:10.1038/25267. PMID ... Di Tomaso, Emmanuelle; Beltramo, Massimiliano; Piomelli, Daniele (1996). "Brain cannabinoids in chocolate". Nature (Submitted ...
Effects of long-term benzodiazepine use
A study found that of 42 patients treated with alprazolam, up to a third of long-term users of the benzodiazepine drug ... Like alcohol, benzodiazepines are commonly used to treat insomnia in the short term (both prescribed and self-medicated), but ... Ashton H (1991). "Protracted withdrawal syndromes from benzodiazepines". J Subst Abuse Treat. benzo.org.uk. 8 (1-2): 19-28. doi ... but no brain abnormalities have been found in patients treated long term with benzodiazepines. When benzodiazepine users cease ...
Breast Cancer Res Treat. 41 (1): 1-13. doi:10.1007/BF01807031. PMID 8932871. Riesenberg, R; Oberneder, R; Kriegmair, M; Epp, M ... Kvalheim, G (1996). "Detection of occult tumor cells in bone marrow and blood in breast cancer patients-methods and clinical ... Franklin, WA; Shpall, EJ; Archer, P; Johnston, CS; Garza-Williams, S; Hami, L; Bitter, MA; Bast, RC; Jones, RB (1996). " ... Vissers, CJ; Flohil, CC; De Jong, AA; Dinjens, WN; Bosman, FT (1996). "A new monoclonal antibody for specific ...
History of Arkansas
We cannot treat negroes... as prisoners of war": Racial Atrocities and Reprisals in Civil War Arkansas." Civil War History 42.3 ... in JSTOR Urwin, Gregory J.W. "'We cannot treat negroes... as prisoners of war': Racial Atrocities and Reprisals in Civil War ... After General Benjamin Butler decided to treat slaves flocking to his Union lines as contraband of war, plantation owners began ... He was reelected to the Presidency in 1996 and served until January 2001. Changing racial attitudes and growth in jobs have ...
"General Treat's Vocabulary of Narragansett." In Papers of the Thirteenth Algonquian Conference. Ottawa: Carleton University, ... Bragdon, Kathleen J. (1996). Native People of Southern New England, 1500-1650. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press. ... Goddard, Ives (Volume Editor, 1996). Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 17(Languages). Washington, DC: Smithsonian ...
Hoss's Steak and Sea House
Obesity and fertility
Preventing or treating obesity in women has a positive effect on fertility rates. As simple as modifying lifestyle choices in ... "Treating Obesity". NHS. Sinclair, Kevin. "Declining fertility, insulin resistance and fatty acid metabolism in dairy cows : ... Testosterone therapy is likely to improve hormone imbalances and treat erectile dysfunction. Weight loss can be achieved ... Hollmann, Michaela; Runnebaum, Benno; Gerhard, Ingrid (1996-09-01). "Infertility: Effects of weight loss on the hormonal ...
Effects of cannabis
Experiments in which mice were treated with CBD followed by THC showed that CBD treatment was associated with a substantial ... "Trick or treat from food endocannabinoids?". Nature. 396 (6712): 636-7. Bibcode:1998Natur.396..636D. doi:10.1038/25267. PMID ... Di Tomaso, Emmanuelle; Beltramo, Massimiliano; Piomelli, Daniele (1996). "Brain cannabinoids in chocolate". Nature. 382 (6593 ... 1996. The Merck Index, 12th ed., Merck & Co., Rahway, New Jersey "Cannabis Chemistry". Erowid.org. http://www.druglibrary.org/ ...
Treat. 75 (3): 203-12. doi:10.1023/a:1019915101457. hdl:1807.1/208. PMID 12353809. S2CID 11234211.. ... knockout mice or mice treated with the PR antagonist mifepristone show delayed (albeit eventually normal, due to estrogen ... Kenney NJ, Smith GH, Rosenberg K, Cutler ML, Dickson RB (1996). "Induction of ductal morphogenesis and lobular hyperplasia by ...
Mills, Jon (2005). Treating Attachment Pathology. Aronson/Rowman & Littlefield. p. 231. ISBN 978-0-7657-0132-9. Fonagy et al. ... a new way to treat BPD. Mentalization based treatment (MBT), rooted in attachment theory, is based on the idea that people with ... Fonagy, P. (1996). "Attachment, the development of the self, and its pathology in personality disorders". Psychomedia: 26-32. ... Fonagy 1996. "Goethe Award for Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Scholarship". Canadian Psychological Association. ...
1997): Treating Preschool Children. Hoboken, NJ: Jossey-Bass. ISBN 0-7879-0877-0 Steiner, Hans. (1997): Treating School-Age ... Treating Adolescents. Hoboken, NJ: Jossey-Bass. ISBN 0-7879-0206-3 Steiner, Hans. ( ... 1996) One of 327 Best Mental Health Experts, Good Housekeeping (1994) Fellow, American Psychiatric Association (1992). After ...
Women For Sobriety
Treating Addictive Behaviors. Springer. pp. 285-298. ISBN 0-306-45852-7. Kaskutas, Lee A. (1996). "A Road Less Traveled: ... Kaskutas, Lee Ann (1996). "Predictors of Self Esteem Among Members of Women for Sobriety". Addiction Research & Theory. 4 (3): ... Kaskutas, Lee Ann (1 May 1996). "Pathways to Self-Help Among Women for Sobriety". The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol ... cited in Kaskutas, Lee Ann (1996). "Predictors of Self Esteem Among Members of Women for Sobriety". Addiction Research & Theory ...
"A fizzpop treat of youth and strength". The Herald. 16 March 1996. Retrieved 9 July 2016. Adams, Rob (17 May 2014). "Martyn ... 8 January 1996. Retrieved 9 July 2016. Perry, Tim (7 February 1998). "Pop: At full Celt". The Independent. Retrieved 10 July ... He was back performing in the Glasgow Royal Concert Hall in January 1996. After writing scores for stage and television, he ... He played at Edinburgh Hogmanay events in 1995 and 1996. He released Bothy Culture in 1998 on the Rykodisc label. One ...
Polygamy in Christianity
There are two surgical procedures which are commonly used to treat sagittal synostosis. The matter of which procedure is ... superior is still heavily debated amongst the surgeons treating this condition, however it is generally agreed upon that ... Lajeunie E, Le Merrer M, Bonaïti-Pellie C, Marchac D, Renier D (March 1996). "Genetic study of scaphocephaly". American Journal ... Huang MH, Gruss JS, Clarren SK, Mouradian WE, Cunningham ML, Roberts TS, Loeser JD, Cornell CJ (October 1996). "The ...
... models and nutrient cycles have traditionally been treated separately, but there is a strong functional connection ... Rickleffs, Robert, E. (1996). The Economy of Nature. University of Chicago Press. p. 678. ISBN 0-7167-3847-3.. ... Kormondy, E. J. (1996). Concepts of ecology (4th ed.). New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. p. 559. ISBN 0-13-478116-3.. .mw-parser- ... Polis, G. A.; Strong, D. R. (1996). "Food web complexity and community dynamics" (PDF). The American Naturalist. 147 (5): 813- ...
After 24 weeks of treatment, 24 patients of the 28 patients who were treated with the three drugs were able to have viral load ... is a protease inhibitor used as a component of highly active antiretroviral therapy to treat HIV/AIDS. It is soluble white ... Cohen J (June 1996). "Protease inhibitors: a tale of two companies". Science. 272 (5270): 1882-3. Bibcode:1996Sci...272.1882C. ... "Urinary NO3 excretion and renal failure in indinavir-treated patients". Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research ...
The placebo effect is the concept that patients will perceive an improvement after being treated with an inert treatment. The ... They mislead cancer patients, who are encouraged not only to pay their last penny but to be treated with something that ... A survey of Americans found that 88 percent thought that "there are some good ways of treating sickness that medical science ... Spinal manipulation aims to treat "vertebral subluxations" which are claimed to put pressure on nerves. Chiropractic was ...
Sihanouk settled into his palace and was well treated. He was allowed to travel abroad, in October addressing the UN ... people although the latter were usually treated harshly and this led some commentators to believe extermination was the ... In July 1996, a mutiny broke out among the Khmer Rouge and in August it was announced that Ieng Sary, Y Chhean, and Sok Pheap ... By the end of 1996, the Khmer Rouge had lost almost all the territory they held in the interior of Cambodia, being restricted ...
... an individual ceases to be the son of the soil and should be treated as an alien. Here, in this land, there can be no objection ... a b Marie Cruz Gabriel, Rediscovery of India, A silence in the city and other stories, Published by Orient Blackswan, 1996, ... "Postcolonial Studies - Since 1996, Deepika Bahri has created and maintained content for Postcolonial Studies @ Emory with her ... Jaffrelot, Hindu Nationalist Movement 1996, p. 39. sfn error: no target: CITEREFJaffrelot,_Hindu_Nationalist_Movement1996 (help ...
2000 United States Census
Saint Barnabas Medical Center
The center treats 400 patients annually. The center also provides education and outreach programs through sponsorship from ... The center is equipped to treat pediatric through geriatric burn patients with 12-bed intensive care unit, 18-bed burn step- ... Saint Barnabas Medical Center currently treats about 35,000 inpatients and close to 90,000 Emergency Department patients per ... In 1996, the Federal Trade Commission approved Saint Barnabas Health Care System to form a statewide health system. The system ...
Health-care workers treating people with Ebola are at greatest risk of infection. The risk increases when they do not have ... As of July 2015[update], no medication has been proven safe and effective for treating Ebola. By the time the Ebola virus ... On 12 October, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirmed that a nurse in Texas, Nina Pham, who had treated ... If any of these contacts comes down with the disease, they should be isolated, tested and treated. Then the process is repeated ...
Carol Fowler Durham
Level of measurement
The evidence needed was the presence of additive structure - a concept comprehensively treated by the German mathematician Otto ... are treated as interval scales, many researchers would argue that they are more appropriately categorized as ordinal scales. ... although some theoreticians have argued they can be treated as interval or ratio scales. However, there is little prima facie ... Cliff, N. (1996). Ordinal Methods for Behavioral Data Analysis. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. ISBN 0-8058-1333-0 ...
Flutamide, a pure antagonist of the androgen receptor, is effective in treating acne in women. It appears to reduce ... People may apply antibiotics to the skin or take them orally to treat acne. They work by killing C. acnes and reducing ... Ablative lasers (such as CO2 and fractional types) have also been used to treat active acne and its scars. When ablative lasers ... Therefore, it is useful in treating individuals with acne who are also affected by post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. ...
Atascadero State Hospital
Health in Nepal
Nepal has successfully improved coverage of effective interventions to prevent or treat the most important causes of child ... Nepal Family Health Survey 1996, Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys, and World Health Organization estimations over time have ... nutrition management and rehabilitation The hospital-based nutrition management and rehabilitation program treats severe ... since 1996, with increases in the coverage and number of ANC visits (60% for at least four antenatal visits) in 2014, rates of ...
Brown SM, Lamberts DW, Reid TW, Nishida T, Murphy CJ (Jul 1997). "Neurotrophic and anhidrotic keratopathy treated with ... and rat studies suggest that NK1RAs may be useful in treating or limiting long term sequelae from such infections. ... Derocq JM, Ségui M, Blazy C, Emonds-Alt X, Le Fur G, Brelire JC, Casellas P (Dec 1996). "Effect of substance P on cytokine ...
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
See also: List of conditions treated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Indications. Indications for stem cell ... The patient is then treated with high-dose chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy with the intention of eradicating the ... Other conditions treated with stem cell transplants include sickle-cell disease, myelodysplastic syndrome, neuroblastoma, ... Mucositis is treated with pain medications plus intravenous infusions to prevent dehydration and malnutrition. ...
Crabs may also be treated in this way; tough-shelled species are more likely to be drilled, and soft-shelled crabs are torn ... Wells, J. (1996). "Cutaneous respiration in Octopus vulgaris". The Journal of Experimental Biology. 199: 2477-2483. PMID ... Pascal, Santiago; Gestal, Camino; Estevez, J.; Arias, Christian Andrés (1996). "Parasites in commercially-exploited cephalopods ...
Yerba mansa is used as an antimicrobial, an antibacterial, and to treat vaginal candidiasis. Yerba mansa is used to treat ... An infusion of roots can be taken as a diuretic to treat rheumatic diseases like gout by ridding the body of excess uric acid, ... University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ, 1996. Sencoval, Annette. Home Grown Healing Traditional Home Remedies from Mexico. ...
"Presidential Candidate Says Federal Law Should Treat Pot Like Alcohol". NORML. December 4, 2003. Retrieved December 27, 2019.. ... saying that he was treated unfairly by the intelligence community; in December 2017, Flynn pleaded guilty to lying to the FBI.[ ... In 1996, he was quoted as saying that "life begins at conception", and he has also voted in favor of banning partial birth ... In 1996, Kucinich was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, representing the 10th district of Ohio. He defeated two- ...
respect for persons - the patient (and the person treating the patient) have the right to be treated with dignity. ... About 90% of medical visits can be treated by the primary care provider. These include treatment of acute and chronic illnesses ... Contemporary medicine applies biomedical sciences, biomedical research, genetics, and medical technology to diagnose, treat, ... Before this, medical doctors treated both humans and other animals. Modern scientific biomedical research (where results are ...
... with many researchers treating it at least tentatively as the most primitive member of Theropoda. ... Novas, F.E. (1996). "Dinosaur Monophyly". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 16 (4): 723-741. doi:10.1080/02724634.1996. ... In 1996, Novas went further by supporting a theropod position for Herrerasaurus with a phylogenetic analysis, which placed it ...
List of Dragon Ball GT episodes
Everyone has been treating her like a child lately, and she is getting frustrated. When it's time for blast-off, Vegeta decides ... and she emotionally thanks Giru and apologizes for treating him so badly. When Goku and Trunks arrive, they find a nearby oasis ... Baby Saga (1996-1997). No. Title Direction Screenplay Original air date English air date ... Black Star Dragon Ball Saga/Lost Episodes (1996). No. Title Direction Screenplay Original air date English air date ...
Many other procedures are used by chiropractors for treating the spine, other joints and tissues, and general health issues. ... Chiropractors, especially in America, have a reputation for unnecessarily treating patients. In many circumstances the focus ... Liddle, Sarah D.; Pennick, Victoria (2015-09-30). "Interventions for preventing and treating low-back and pelvic pain during ... instead of attempting to also treat other problems, but the more expansive view of chiropractic is still widespread.[54 ...
Aa low testosterone level (hypogonadism) in men may be treated with testosterone administration. Prostate cancer may be treated ... In preadolescent male rats, neonatal rats treated with flutamide developed more depression-like symptoms compared to control ... Wright AS, Thomas LN, Douglas RC, Lazier CB, Rittmaster RS (December 1996). "Relative potency of testosterone and ...
Lithium carbonate is used as a mood stabiliser in psychiatry to treat bipolar disorder (manic-depression) in daily doses of ... which is dangerous as the required dosage of lithium to treat bipolar disorder is only slightly lower than the toxic dosage.[ ... Peterson, I. (11 May 1996). "Creating, cooling, trapping francium atoms" (PDF). Science News. 149 (19): 294. doi:10.2307/ ... Connelly, Neil G.; Geiger, William E. (1996). "Chemical Redox Agents for Organometallic Chemistry". Chemical Reviews. 96 (2): ...
Miniature and Toy Poodles must not be treated like babies; they must not be picked up and carried around constantly and without ... Addison's can cause fatal sodium/potassium imbalances, but if caught early and treated with lifelong medication, most dogs can ... The Canadian Kennel Club admitted the Standard Poodle for hunting trials in 1996 and the American Kennel Club in 1998, ...
Surveillance for Nonfatal Occupational Injuries Treated in Hospital Emergency Departments -- United States, 1996
An estimated 3.3 million persons aged greater than or equal to 16 years were treated for occupational injuries in EDs in the ... TABLE 1. Estimated incidence of occupational injuries treated in hospital emergency departments, by sex and age group of worker ... Surveillance for Nonfatal Occupational Injuries Treated in Hospital Emergency Departments -- United States, 1996 CDCs National ... TABLE 2. Estimated incidence of occupational injuries treated in hospital emergency departments, by anatomic site and physician ...
American Diabetes Association Postgraduate Course, 1996: Monitoring Glucose, Defining Diabetes, and Treating Obesity | Diabetes...
American Diabetes Association Postgraduate Course, 1996: Monitoring Glucose, Defining Diabetes, and Treating Obesity. ... American Diabetes Association Postgraduate Course, 1996: Monitoring Glucose, Defining Diabetes, and Treating Obesity ... American Diabetes Association Postgraduate Course, 1996: Monitoring Glucose, Defining Diabetes, and Treating Obesity ... American Diabetes Association Postgraduate Course, 1996: Monitoring Glucose, Defining Diabetes, and Treating Obesity ...
Study of gamma-ray detector performance of Cd1-xZnxTe crystal treated by different etchants | (1996) | Chen | Publications |...
How is hyperbaric oxygen therapy used to treat central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO)?
Stair-Related Injuries to Young Children Treated in US Emergency Departments, 1999-2008 | Articles | Pediatrics
... because the NEISS only includes injuries treated in EDs. Other injuries may be treated by the caretaker, in urgent care centers ... Injuries among infants treated in emergency departments in the United States, 2001-2004. Pediatrics. 2008;121(5):930-937pmid: ... Thus, a young child is treated in a US ED, on average, every 6 minutes for a stair-related injury. Mean childs age was 2.0 ... Stair-Related Injuries to Young Children Treated in US Emergency Departments, 1999-2008. Ashley E. Zielinski, Lynne M. Rochette ...
Patent US7820643 - Methods of treating fibromyalgia syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome and pain - Google Patents
In particular, the use of milnacipran to treat FMS, CFS, and pain is disclosed. ... The present invention provides a method of treating fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS), chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), and pain in an ... Methods of treating fibromyalgia. US6635675. Nov 5, 2001. Oct 21, 2003. Cypress Bioscience, Inc.. Method of treating chronic ... Method for treating pain. US20030082214. Aug 17, 2001. May 1, 2003. Williams Robert O.. Topical compositions and methods for ...
Patent US6613045 - Method and apparatus for treating venous insufficiency - Google Patentsuche
After treating one section of the vein, the catheter and the electrode can be repositioned intraluminally within the vein to ... The catheter is introduced into a patient and positioned within the section of the vein to be treated. The electrode radiates ... treat different sections of the vein until all desired venous sections and valves are repaired and rendered functionally ... whichever has yet to be treated. The catheter can then be used to treat incompetent venous sections in the other vein system. ...
Patent US20030171335 - Antisense antiviral agent and method for treating ssRNA viral infection - Google Patents
The sample may be treated to remove unwanted components and/or to treat the heteroduplex species in the sample to remove ... The mice were treated with PMO antisense to the HCV nucleic sequence spanning the AUG site of the first open reading frame, ... Method for treating enterovirus or rhinovirus infection using antisense antiviral compounds. US8524684. May 11, 2012. Sep 3, ... The results show greater than 75% inhibition of the viral titer of HRV-16 when treated with PMO antisense to the HRV-14. While ...
Decreased Morning Serum Cortisol Levels in Children With Asthma Treated With Inhaled Fluticasone Propionate | American Academy...
Todd et al19 reported acute adrenal insufficiency in a 6-year-old girl with asthma treated with a prolonged course of 1000 μg/ ... Decreased Morning Serum Cortisol Levels in Children With Asthma Treated With Inhaled Fluticasone Propionate. Nemr Eid, Ronald ... Growth and adrenal suppression in asthmatic children treated with high-dose fluticasone propionate. Lancet.1996;348 :27- 29. ... Children with moderate-to-severe persistent asthma treated with inhaled FP were included in the study. The inclusion criteria ...
Patent US20060041242 - System and method of treating stuttering by neuromodulation - Google Patentsuche
Techniques for treating epilepsy by brain stimulation and drug infusion. US5794203 *. 22. M rz 1994. 11. Aug. 1998. Kehoe; ... Method of treating movement disorders by brain stimulation and drug infusion. US6128538 *. 29. Nov. 1999. 3. Okt. 2000. ... Techniques for treating anxiety disorders by brain stimulation and drug infusion. US6463328 *. 10. Jan. 2000. 8. Okt. 2002. ... Methods for Treating Central Pain Syndrome and Other Pain Related Pathologies. US20100325746 *. 9. Aug. 2006. 23. Dez. 2010. ...
Improved survival in the Danish center-treated cystic fibrosis patients: results of aggressive treatment. - PubMed - NCBI
Mama) He Treats Your Daughter Mean - Wikipedia
Mama) He Treats Your Daughter Mean" is a song written by Johnny Wallace and Herbert J. Lance and recorded by Ruth Brown in 1952 ... "Cover versions of (Mama) He Treats Your Daughter Mean written by Herb Lance, Charles Singleton, John Wallace Jr". ... Deffaa, Chip (1996). Blue Rhythms: Six Lives in Rhythm and Blues. University of Illinois Press. p. 35. " ...
Treat Her Right (Sawyer Brown song) - Wikipedia
"Treat Her Right" is a song written by Ava Aldridge and Lenny LeBlanc, and recorded by American country music group Sawyer Brown ... "Treat Her Right" debuted at number 74 on the U.S. Billboard Hot Country Singles & Tracks for the week of March 23, 1996. ... It was released in March 1996 as the third single from the album This Thing Called Wantin and Havin It All. The song reached ... "Best of 1996: Country Songs". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. 1996. Retrieved July 20, 2013. Lyrics of this song at ...
How is potassium hydroxide used to treat molluscum contagiosum?
How and when to treat molluscum contagiosum and warts in children. Pediatr Ann. 2005 Mar. 34(3):211-21. [Medline]. ... encoded search term (How is potassium hydroxide used to treat molluscum contagiosum?) and How is potassium hydroxide used to ... Capriotti K, Stewart K, Pelletier J, Capriotti J. Molluscum Contagiosum Treated with Dilute Povidone-Iodine: A Series of Cases ... Molluscum contagiosum in atopic dermatitis treated with 0.1% tacrolimus ointment. Australas J Dermatol. 2004 Aug. 45(3):184-5. ...
4159 patients treated with aspirin and proton pump inhibitors were matched with an equal number of patients not treated with ... Patients treated with clopidogrel were excluded.. Main outcome measures The risk of the combined end point of cardiovascular ... We excluded patients treated with clopidogrel owing to the recent controversy related to the effects of its use with proton ... In aspirin treated patients with first time myocardial infarction there was an increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events ...
What is meant by intention to treat analysis? Survey of published randomised controlled trials | The BMJ
For articles in the BMJ and Lancet, we also carried out a full text search for "intention to treat" or "intent to treat" on the ... Intention to treat in clinical trials. In: Pearce KE, ed. Statistical issues in drug research and development. New York: Marcel ... Intention to treat gives a pragmatic estimate of the benefit of a change in treatment policy rather than of potential benefit ... Intention-to-treat analysis: implications for quantitative and qualitative research. Int J Epidemiol 1992; 21: 837-841. ...
Two-year seizure reduction in adults with medically intractable partial onset epilepsy treated with responsive neurostimulation...
About one third of the subjects had already been treated with vagus nerve stimulation, and about one third had already had a ... The rate of acute and chronic hemorrhages and the rate of infections of the implant site in subjects treated with the RNS ... C. Bouton, Cracking the neural code, treating paralysis and the future of bioelectronic medicine, Journal of Internal Medicine ... Specific adverse events of special relevance with any implanted device to treat seizures include hemorrhage and implant site ...
Popular Articles & Stories for July 24, 1996 - latimes
1996 in the Los Angeles Times news archives, including an extensive archive and timeline that can be browsed by date, keyword ... Boy Treated for Bites After Pit Bull Attack ANDREW D. BLECHMAN. *. Realty Firm OKd to Take Over Business Park LORENZA MUN~OZ. ... What happened on July 24, 1996. BUSINESS. *. MTA, Agencies Must Pay Up to $2.5 Billion to U.S., IRS Rules SCOT J. PALTROW, ...
AMS4116B: Aluminum Alloy, Bars, Rods, and Wire, 1.0Mg - 0.60Si - 0.30Cu - 0.20Cr (6061-T4), Cold Finished, Solution Heat...
Efns guía para el status epiléptico - English
CPSE should be treated (GPP).initially in the same way as GCSE (GPP). Subtle SEevolving from previously overt GCSE in most ... Treat- 1029-1035. ment of convulsive status epilepticus. Recommendations5. Wu YW, Shek DW, Garcia PA, Zhao S, Johnston SC. of ... Nine patients were treated with antibiotics be- is highly recommended (GPP) to provide the highestcause of infection indicating ... Refractory GCSE is treated by anaesthetic doses of barbiturates, midazolam or propofol; the anaesthetics are titrated against ...
Patent US20040106846 - Treating urinary incontinence - Google Patents
Urinary incontinence can be treated minimally invasively. One treatment includes positioning the sling on an anterior portion ... A surgical device for use in a minimally invasive procedure to treat urinary incontinence can include a dilator coupled to a ... Examples of such methods include, but are not limited to, freeze-drying, protease treating, and acid treating the tissue to ... Treating urinary incontinence. US20010053916 *. 5 Jun 2001. 20 Dec 2001. Rioux Robert F.. Methods and devices for the treatment ...
Patent US6517863 - Compositions and methods for treating nails and adjacent tissues - Google Patents
Compositions and methods for treating nails and adjacent tissues are disclosed. The compositions include non-interlinked ... Methods for treating conditions of the nail unit. US9498612. 7 Mar 2014. 22 Nov 2016. Hallux, Inc.. Method of treating ... Methods for treating conditions of the nail unit. US8758730 *. 19 Feb 2010. 24 Jun 2014. B.R.A.I.N. Biotechnology Research And ... A method of treating nails comprising applying the medicating device of claim 11. to the nails for a sufficient amount of time ...
Patent US5284206 - Formation treating - Google Patents
Disclosed are processes for treating a subterranean formation to improve the permeability distribution by reducing the ... A volume of treating fluid equivalent to about 20% of the pore volume being treated is required. As an example, if it is ... In applying our methods, the treating liquid described above is mixed with gas on the surface to form the aerosol treating ... This invention pertains to a method of treating formations. More particularly, this invention pertains to a method for treating ...
Patent US6358269 - Method of treating peripheral bronchopleural fistulas - Google Patents
A method of treating peripheral bronchopleural fistula using a collagen matrix hemostatic pad. The method includes the ... Method for treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. US7824366. 10 Dec 2004. 2 Nov 2010. Portaero, Inc.. Collateral ... Method for treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. US8062315. 12 Feb 2008. 22 Nov 2011. Portaero, Inc.. Variable ... A method of treating peripheral bronchopleural fistula using a collagen matrix hemostatic pad. The method includes the ...
Mahony, Treated in Rome Hospital for Leg Injury, Won't Miss Conclave - latimes
AMS4650C: Copper-Beryllium Alloy, Bars, Rods, Shapes, and Forgings 98Cu - 1.9Be Solution Heat Treated Tb00 (A) - SAE...
Tasty Bits a Dutch Treat - Volume 16, Number 1-January 2010 - Emerging Infectious Diseases journal - CDC
The fruit was meant to whet the senses and stimulate the appetite as were the shellfish, a didactic treat, what with their ... Potter P. Tasty Bits a Dutch Treat. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2010;16(1):178-179. doi:10.3201/eid1601.ac1601.. ... Mince pie, flavored with currants and spices, was a treat for special occasions, as were imported lemons and olives. Salt and ... Potter, P. (2010). Tasty Bits a Dutch Treat. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 16(1), 178-179. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1601. ...
Outcomes of Treated Human Granulocytic Ehrlichiosis Cases - Volume 8, Number 4-April 2002 - Emerging Infectious Diseases...
Among the 85 previously treated patients, the median interval since onset of illness was 24 months. Compared with 102 controls ... Few previous studies have evaluated the long-term serologic profile of treated HGE. Results of one study of treated HGE ... In another study of HGE patients, not all of whom were treated, Bakken et al. detected E. equi antibodies in 11 (46%) of 24 ... Outcomes of Treated Human Granulocytic Ehrlichiosis Cases. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2002;8(4):398-401. doi:10.3201/ ...
Ann Therese Olzinski-Kunze, M.D. - Breast Cancer - Cancers We Treat - Wilmot Cancer Institute - University of Rochester...
19971999Diabetes1995GlucoseObesityMETHODSEmergency DepartmentsHeat TreatedInfectionsMethodSuccessfullyInventionCyclophosphamidePreviously treatedPatients With LeukemiaRadiationEffectivenessInflammatoryEstimateProteasePublicationYears were treatedDERMATITISPeripheralInitially treatedMalariaAntihypertensiveTreatmentClinicalInjuriesRecurrentBreast CancerVitroMolecularElectrodeSurvivalTherapiesUrinaryINFECTIONFluidOnsetLiteratureCompositionBoneAntidoteEffectivelyCases
- O'Brien and McLellan (1996) reviewed and compared treatment literature for addictive disorders and three common health problems-hypertension, diabetes, and asthma. (nap.edu)
- The sustained decrease of uric acid clearance in treated diabetes may support the prolonged kidney biochemical alterations observed after tight glycemic control, and this regulation is likely mediated by the sustained decrease of AMPK activity and the induction of inflammation. (nature.com)
- El psilio rubio puede disminuir los niveles de azúcar en la sangre en las personas con diabetes. (medlineplus.gov)
- A device and method are provided for treating obesity by implanting an electrode in the duodenum and stimulating the duodenum with a stimulator, causing the pylorus to contract. (google.es)
- providing electrical stimulation to the duodenum of the patient, for a predetermined period of time after ingestion of a meal, to control contraction of a pylorus of the patient and thereby treat obesity. (google.es)
- providing electrical stimulation to the duodenum of a patient to control the contraction of the pylorus and thereby treat obesity, wherein providing electrical stimulation comprises providing stimulation pulses from the electronic circuitry to the duodenum through the at least one electrode and thereby affecting the contraction of the pylorus. (google.es)
- The invention relates to a stimulation device and method for stimulating a portion of the gastrointestinal tract and in one particular embodiment to a device and method for stimulating the duodenum to control the pylorus and/or to treat obesity. (google.es)
- In particular, the present invention relates to methods of treating fibromyalgia syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome, and pain with a sub-class of dual serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors characterized by a non-tricyclic structure and inhibit the reuptake of norepinephrine to an equal or greater extent than they inhibit the reuptake of serotonin. (google.com)
- Exact methods based on the binomial distribution were used to construct a 95% confidence interval for the true proportion of abnormal readings among those treated, and the Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to test for a significant difference between cortisol levels taken before and after the switch. (aappublications.org)
- This invention relates to improved partial lung resection procedures and more particularly to improved methods of treating peripheral bronchopleural fistulas. (google.co.uk)
- The present invention generally relates to fluid treating and, more particularly, to apparatus and methods which are especially adapted for providing for improved treatment of fluids. (google.es)
- The experimental wastewater had been pre-treated through a series of physicochemical methods, but the water still contained a high concentration of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and had poor biodegradability. (mdpi.com)
- CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) uses the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) for surveillance of nonfatal occupational injuries treated in hospital emergency departments (EDs). (cdc.gov)
- 5 years treated in US emergency departments. (aappublications.org)
- and the vast majority of malaria infections need to be treated with ACTs. (scidev.net)
- They include drugs like efavirenz , nevirapine , delavirdine , etravirine and rilpivirine which are taken in combination with other drugs to treat HIV infections. (medindia.net)
- Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is a combination of medications used to treat HIV infections. (medindia.net)
- The present invention provides a method of treating fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS), chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), and pain in an animal subject. (google.com)
- 1. A method for treating nails comprising applying a composition comprising an effective, nail-enhancing amount of non-interlinked particles of bioactive glass to the nails for a sufficient amount of time to provide that a layer of hydroxyapatite or other calcium phosphate crystals is formed on the nail and ions from the bioactive glass penetrate layers of the nails to form hydroxyapatite crystals within the layers of the nails. (google.ca)
- 13. A method of treating nails comprising applying the medicating device of claim 11 to the nails for a sufficient amount of time to form a layer of hydroxyapatite or other calcium phosphate minerals that is at least about 0.2 microns in thickness. (google.ca)
- 10. A method as recited in claim 1 wherein the volume of treating fluid injected into the formation is sufficient to coat the mineral surfaces in the more permeable interval for a distance of from 1/2 to 1 foot from the wellbore. (google.co.uk)
- 11. A method as recited in claim 1 wherein the concentration of the furfuryl alcohol oligomer in the treating liquid is from 20 to 80 percent by volume based on the total volume of the treating liquid. (google.co.uk)
- A method of treating peripheral bronchopleural fistula using a collagen matrix hemostatic pad. (google.co.uk)
- What is needed is an approved method of treating peripheral bronchopleural fistulas that does not have the above stated drawbacks. (google.co.uk)
- These and other objects arc met by providing a method of treating peripheral bronchopleural fistulas by applying a collagen matrix hemostatic pad (i.e. (google.co.uk)
- 65. A method for treating a solid tumor comprising administering to the human an effective amount of an anti-interleukin-1 receptor accessory protein (IL1RAP) antibody with specificity for an extracellular domain of human IL1RAP wherein cells of the solid tumor express IL1RAP. (freepatentsonline.com)
- A fluid treating method for treating fluid to reduce the concentration of undesirable metal constituents contained therein is disclosed. (google.es)
- In the 20 years since the initial description of the number needed to treat, 1 this method of expressing the efficacy of an intervention has become widely used. (cmaj.ca)
- 1. A method for treating systemic manifestations of an infectious non- intestinal disease associated with pathogenic organisms or molecules in a mammal, said method comprising orally administering to said mammal IgY antibodies obtained from the egg of a domestic fowl hen which has been actively immunized against said pathogenic organisms by injection of the hen with an immunogen containing immunogenic determinants specific to elicit said antibodies. (google.it)
- The comparability of these data argue that addiction is similar to these three common medical illnesses in that they all can be treated successfully in many patients, but none can be cured and all four often require retreatment. (nap.edu)
- We report a case of fracture nonunion of the sacrum and pubic rami that resulted from non-operative initial treatment, which was treated successfully using bone grafting through a posterior approach and CT-guided percutaneous iliosacral screw fixation combined with anterior external fixation. (hindawi.com)
- At present, both primary and metastatic RCC tumors may be successfully treated using stereotactic approaches, which utilize steep dose gradients to maximally preserve function and avoid toxicity of adjacent organs including liver, uninvolved kidney, bowel, and spinal cord regions. (mdpi.com)
- One of the few compounds that can successfully treat malaria is artemisinin - derived from the Chinese shrub Artemisia annua . (scidev.net)
- One of the few options for successfully treating malaria today is using artemisinin - a compound derived from the shrub Artemisia annua - in combination with other anti-malarial drugs. (scidev.net)
- The invention is a novel compound for treating cancer, Demethylpenclomedine, which is a derivative of the drug Penclomedine. (fda.gov)
- The invention relates to a blood vessel treating assembly comprising: an artificial blood vessel inner layer such as an artificial tunica-intima or the like for replacing a section of blood vessel inner layer previously removed from a blood vessel and/or for covering a predetermined length of damaged. (google.com.au)
- Preliminary studies on this species treated with cyclophosphamide or vinblastine sulfate showed that the maximum response for micronucleus induction by these agents was 24 h after injection. (scielo.br)
- Adult specimens of Astyanax bimaculatus (Characidae), popularly known as lambari, weighing 5 to 25 g were treated with vinblastine sulfate (N = 36) or cyclophosphamide (N = 48). (scielo.br)
- Among the 85 previously treated patients, the median interval since onset of illness was 24 months. (cdc.gov)
- We conducted an exploratory case-control study of patients previously treated for HGE to assess health status, symptoms, and changes in serologic status. (cdc.gov)
- In four open-label, 1-year-long international randomized trials, we contrasted the immunogenicity of insulin lispro versus regular human insulin (RHI) in patients previously treated with insulin who had IDDM or NIDDM. (diabetesjournals.org)
- No evidence was noted that insulin lispro differs in immunogenicity from RHI in previously treated IDDM and NIDDM patients. (diabetesjournals.org)
Patients With Leukemia2
- PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of T-cell depleted bone marrow and G-CSF stimulated peripheral stem cell transplantation in treating patients with leukemia, lymphoblastic lymphoma, myelodysplastic syndrome, or aplastic anemia. (bioportfolio.com)
- PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well donor bone marrow transplant works in treating patients with leukemia, lymphoma, or nonmalignant hematologic disorders. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of radiation therapy following chemotherapy in treating children with CNS relapse from acute lymphoblastic leukemia. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Taking proanthocyanidin, a chemical found in grape seed extract, three times daily for 6 months does not reduce breast tissue hardness, pain, or tenderness in people treated with radiation therapy for breast cancer. (medlineplus.gov)
- 1 Clinical effectiveness may be overestimated if an intention to treat analysis is not done. (bmj.com)
- PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of carmustine in treating patients who are undergoing surgery for recurrent malignant glioma. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of high-dose cytarabine plus idarubicin in treating patients with newly diagnosed acute or chronic myelogenous leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The goal of this study was to evaluate the presence of resistance mutations and genetic polymorphisms in the NS3 genomic region of HCV from 37 patients infected with HCV genotype 1 had not been treated with protease inhibitors. (scielo.br)
- This study shows that resistance mutations and genetic polymorphisms are present in the NS3 region of HCV in patients who have not been treated with protease inhibitors, data that are important in determining the efficiency of this new class of drugs in Brazil. (scielo.br)
Years were treated1
- For example, although the mortality relative risk reduction with antihypertensive therapy is similar across risk strata (about 9%-12%), the number needed to treat for antihypertensive therapy to prevent 1 death over 5 years ranges from 1157 in healthy young women to 17 in older men with other cardiovascular risk factors. (cmaj.ca)
- Improved survival in the Danish center-treated cystic fibrosis patients: results of aggressive treatment. (nih.gov)
- Conclusion In aspirin treated patients with first time myocardial infarction, treatment with proton pump inhibitors was associated with an increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events. (bmj.com)
- Picato ® is a field directed therapy, which treats actinic keratosis lesions within the treatment area, in two or three days [ 2 ] , [ 7 ] , the shortest duration when compared to weeks or months with other actinic keratosis patient-applied treatments. (prnewswire.co.uk)
- For imatinib-treated patients, CR was defined as phlebotomy-free within the first 18 months of treatment, hematocrit level of .45 (45%) or less for men and .42 (42%) or less for women, platelet count of 400 × 10 9 /L or less, and absence of splenomegaly if spleen was initially palpable. (bloodjournal.org)
- Upon completion of this section, you should be able to describe the principal treatment strategy for treating and managing TCE poisoning. (cdc.gov)
- A review of the literature and their experiences in journal club and critical appraisal settings led Chong and colleagues to also express concern that many clinicians appear to hold "the impression that NNT [number needed to treat] values in and of themselves are broadly comparable" and display "an implicit belief that an unadjusted NNT value adequately captures the overall worth of a treatment. (cmaj.ca)
- Although the number needed to treat may appear to be an absolute measure of clinical benefit, it is in fact specific to a single comparison in a single study because it is the reciprocal of the difference in event rates between 2 treatment options. (cmaj.ca)
- To determine whether or not the weight (and fat) loss induced by oleoyl-oestrone treatment results only as a consequence of decreased food intake, we compared treated animals with a pair-fed model. (cambridge.org)
- With its large size and long follow-up, ALLHAT offers a unique opportunity to determine the relative effects of these treatments on year-1 K + and the potential impact of these perturbations on long-term (3-7 years) cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients treated in diverse clinical practice settings. (ahajournals.org)
- The number needed to treat is an aggregate measure of clinical benefit that represents the number of patients who would need to be treated to prevent 1 additional adverse event. (cmaj.ca)
- 1 However, I have also been struck by the extent to which discussions of a therapy's number needed to treat, and even comparisons between therapies on this basis, are accepted at face value. (cmaj.ca)
- In this article, I explore the factors (beyond the efficacy of a therapy) that influence the number needed to treat and that must be taken into account when comparing these values between therapies. (cmaj.ca)
- Given the many heuristics that guide medical decision-making, it is not surprising that the number needed to treat has also been embraced by those wishing to compare 2 or more therapies. (cmaj.ca)
- Although the relative efficacy of drug therapies is often similar across patient subgroups at different risk, the number needed to treat varies inversely with baseline risk. (cmaj.ca)
- c) allowing the injected aerosol treating fluid to remain in the formation for a period of time sufficient to accomplish at least partial polymerization of the polymerizable compound, thereby reducing the permeability of the more permeable layer of the formation, so an increased portion of the subsequently injected oil recovery fluid enters the second interval. (google.co.uk)
- The fluid treated is often water, preferably, drinking water. (google.es)
- However there is a debate about the validity of excluding specific cases within each of these categories from an intention to treat analysis. (bmj.com)
- The 1996 cases were detected by laboratory-based surveillance within the Marshfield Clinic system, a network that provides health care to persons in northern and northwestern Wisconsin. (cdc.gov)
- For rIFNα-treated cases, complete hematologic response (CR) was defined as no need for phlebotomy, a sustained hematocrit level of less than .45 (45%) for men and less than .42 (42%) for women, and platelet count of 600 × 10 9 /L or less. (bloodjournal.org)
- Hospitals have adequate stocks of antidotes to treat most cases of cholinesterase inhibitor toxicity. (cdc.gov)