The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Chemical bond cleavage reactions resulting from absorption of radiant energy.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
The voltage differences across a membrane. For cellular membranes they are computed by subtracting the voltage measured outside the membrane from the voltage measured inside the membrane. They result from differences of inside versus outside concentration of potassium, sodium, chloride, and other ions across cells' or ORGANELLES membranes. For excitable cells, the resting membrane potentials range between -30 and -100 millivolts. Physical, chemical, or electrical stimuli can make a membrane potential more negative (hyperpolarization), or less negative (depolarization).
Measurement of the intensity and quality of fluorescence.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
The time it takes for a substance (drug, radioactive nuclide, or other) to lose half of its pharmacologic, physiologic, or radiologic activity.
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.
The study of PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and PHYSICAL PROCESSES as applied to living things.
Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.
The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.
The opening and closing of ion channels due to a stimulus. The stimulus can be a change in membrane potential (voltage-gated), drugs or chemical transmitters (ligand-gated), or a mechanical deformation. Gating is thought to involve conformational changes of the ion channel which alters selective permeability.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
An adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. In addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter.
Processes involved in the formation of TERTIARY PROTEIN STRUCTURE.
The physical characteristics and processes of biological systems.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
An electrophysiologic technique for studying cells, cell membranes, and occasionally isolated organelles. All patch-clamp methods rely on a very high-resistance seal between a micropipette and a membrane; the seal is usually attained by gentle suction. The four most common variants include on-cell patch, inside-out patch, outside-out patch, and whole-cell clamp. Patch-clamp methods are commonly used to voltage clamp, that is control the voltage across the membrane and measure current flow, but current-clamp methods, in which the current is controlled and the voltage is measured, are also used.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Volume of biological fluid completely cleared of drug metabolites as measured in unit time. Elimination occurs as a result of metabolic processes in the kidney, liver, saliva, sweat, intestine, heart, brain, or other site.
The art or process of comparing photometrically the relative intensities of the light in different parts of the spectrum.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
The process of cleaving a chemical compound by the addition of a molecule of water.
The facilitation of a chemical reaction by material (catalyst) that is not consumed by the reaction.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
The tendency of a gas or solute to pass from a point of higher pressure or concentration to a point of lower pressure or concentration and to distribute itself throughout the available space. Diffusion, especially FACILITATED DIFFUSION, is a major mechanism of BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organisms.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The property of emitting radiation while being irradiated. The radiation emitted is usually of longer wavelength than that incident or absorbed, e.g., a substance can be irradiated with invisible radiation and emit visible light. X-ray fluorescence is used in diagnosis.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
The ability of a substrate to allow the passage of ELECTRONS.
Gated, ion-selective glycoproteins that traverse membranes. The stimulus for ION CHANNEL GATING can be due to a variety of stimuli such as LIGANDS, a TRANSMEMBRANE POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE, mechanical deformation or through INTRACELLULAR SIGNALING PEPTIDES AND PROTEINS.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.
Agents that emit light after excitation by light. The wave length of the emitted light is usually longer than that of the incident light. Fluorochromes are substances that cause fluorescence in other substances, i.e., dyes used to mark or label other compounds with fluorescent tags.
A metallic element that has the atomic symbol Mg, atomic number 12, and atomic weight 24.31. It is important for the activity of many enzymes, especially those involved in OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION.
An element in the alkali group of metals with an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells. Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte that plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
Disruption of the non-covalent bonds and/or disulfide bonds responsible for maintaining the three-dimensional shape and activity of the native protein.
A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.
The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.
The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.
A molecule that binds to another molecule, used especially to refer to a small molecule that binds specifically to a larger molecule, e.g., an antigen binding to an antibody, a hormone or neurotransmitter binding to a receptor, or a substrate or allosteric effector binding to an enzyme. Ligands are also molecules that donate or accept a pair of electrons to form a coordinate covalent bond with the central metal atom of a coordination complex. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.
Cell membrane glycoproteins that are selectively permeable to potassium ions. At least eight major groups of K channels exist and they are made up of dozens of different subunits.
An essential branched-chain amino acid important for hemoglobin formation.
Deuterium. The stable isotope of hydrogen. It has one neutron and one proton in the nucleus.
The movement of materials across cell membranes and epithelial layers against an electrochemical gradient, requiring the expenditure of metabolic energy.
Genetically engineered MUTAGENESIS at a specific site in the DNA molecule that introduces a base substitution, or an insertion or deletion.
Biological molecules that possess catalytic activity. They may occur naturally or be synthetically created. Enzymes are usually proteins, however CATALYTIC RNA and CATALYTIC DNA molecules have also been identified.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
The interaction of two or more substrates or ligands with the same binding site. The displacement of one by the other is used in quantitative and selective affinity measurements.
A compound formed in the liver from ammonia produced by the deamination of amino acids. It is the principal end product of protein catabolism and constitutes about one half of the total urinary solids.
Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.
The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.
Accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its pharmacologic or therapeutic action). This distribution depends on the blood flow or perfusion rate of the organ, the ability of the drug to penetrate organ membranes, tissue specificity, protein binding. The distribution is usually expressed as tissue to plasma ratios.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.
Carbon monoxide (CO). A poisonous colorless, odorless, tasteless gas. It combines with hemoglobin to form carboxyhemoglobin, which has no oxygen carrying capacity. The resultant oxygen deprivation causes headache, dizziness, decreased pulse and respiratory rates, unconsciousness, and death. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid.
Stable carbon atoms that have the same atomic number as the element carbon, but differ in atomic weight. C-13 is a stable carbon isotope.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
Conversion of an inactive form of an enzyme to one possessing metabolic activity. It includes 1, activation by ions (activators); 2, activation by cofactors (coenzymes); and 3, conversion of an enzyme precursor (proenzyme or zymogen) to an active enzyme.
Female germ cells derived from OOGONIA and termed OOCYTES when they enter MEIOSIS. The primary oocytes begin meiosis but are arrested at the diplotene state until OVULATION at PUBERTY to give rise to haploid secondary oocytes or ova (OVUM).
Adenosine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate). An adenine nucleotide containing two phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety at the 5'-position.
Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
Ion channels that specifically allow the passage of SODIUM ions. A variety of specific sodium channel subtypes are involved in serving specialized functions such as neuronal signaling, CARDIAC MUSCLE contraction, and KIDNEY function.
The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.
The reformation of all, or part of, the native conformation of a nucleic acid molecule after the molecule has undergone denaturation.
A biosensing technique in which biomolecules capable of binding to specific analytes or ligands are first immobilized on one side of a metallic film. Light is then focused on the opposite side of the film to excite the surface plasmons, that is, the oscillations of free electrons propagating along the film's surface. The refractive index of light reflecting off this surface is measured. When the immobilized biomolecules are bound by their ligands, an alteration in surface plasmons on the opposite side of the film is created which is directly proportional to the change in bound, or adsorbed, mass. Binding is measured by changes in the refractive index. The technique is used to study biomolecular interactions, such as antigen-antibody binding.
Determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids, for example Cl2, SO2, NO2, CS2, ozone, mercury vapor, and various unsaturated compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Compounds and molecular complexes that consist of very large numbers of atoms and are generally over 500 kDa in size. In biological systems macromolecular substances usually can be visualized using ELECTRON MICROSCOPY and are distinguished from ORGANELLES by the lack of a membrane structure.
The process by which ELECTRONS are transported from a reduced substrate to molecular OXYGEN. (From Bennington, Saunders Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984, p270)
A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the hamsters. Four of the more common genera are Cricetus, CRICETULUS; MESOCRICETUS; and PHODOPUS.
The adhesion of gases, liquids, or dissolved solids onto a surface. It includes adsorptive phenomena of bacteria and viruses onto surfaces as well. ABSORPTION into the substance may follow but not necessarily.
The measurement of the amplitude of the components of a complex waveform throughout the frequency range of the waveform. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Stable elementary particles having the smallest known positive charge, found in the nuclei of all elements. The proton mass is less than that of a neutron. A proton is the nucleus of the light hydrogen atom, i.e., the hydrogen ion.
The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The commonest and widest ranging species of the clawed "frog" (Xenopus) in Africa. This species is used extensively in research. There is now a significant population in California derived from escaped laboratory animals.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.
Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.
The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.
Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.
Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
The homogeneous mixtures formed by the mixing of a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance (solute) with a liquid (the solvent), from which the dissolved substances can be recovered by physical processes. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The modification of the reactivity of ENZYMES by the binding of effectors to sites (ALLOSTERIC SITES) on the enzymes other than the substrate BINDING SITES.
A change from planar to elliptic polarization when an initially plane-polarized light wave traverses an optically active medium. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
The introduction of a phosphoryl group into a compound through the formation of an ester bond between the compound and a phosphorus moiety.
The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.
Microscopy of specimens stained with fluorescent dye (usually fluorescein isothiocyanate) or of naturally fluorescent materials, which emit light when exposed to ultraviolet or blue light. Immunofluorescence microscopy utilizes antibodies that are labeled with fluorescent dye.
An essential aromatic amino acid that is a precursor of MELANIN; DOPAMINE; noradrenalin (NOREPINEPHRINE), and THYROXINE.
The level of protein structure in which regular hydrogen-bond interactions within contiguous stretches of polypeptide chain give rise to alpha helices, beta strands (which align to form beta sheets) or other types of coils. This is the first folding level of protein conformation.
The naturally occurring or experimentally induced replacement of one or more AMINO ACIDS in a protein with another. If a functionally equivalent amino acid is substituted, the protein may retain wild-type activity. Substitution may also diminish, enhance, or eliminate protein function. Experimentally induced substitution is often used to study enzyme activities and binding site properties.
Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.
Voltage-dependent cell membrane glycoproteins selectively permeable to calcium ions. They are categorized as L-, T-, N-, P-, Q-, and R-types based on the activation and inactivation kinetics, ion specificity, and sensitivity to drugs and toxins. The L- and T-types are present throughout the cardiovascular and central nervous systems and the N-, P-, Q-, & R-types are located in neuronal tissue.
A chemical system that functions to control the levels of specific ions in solution. When the level of hydrogen ion in solution is controlled the system is called a pH buffer.
Closed vesicles of fragmented endoplasmic reticulum created when liver cells or tissue are disrupted by homogenization. They may be smooth or rough.
Compounds formed by the joining of smaller, usually repeating, units linked by covalent bonds. These compounds often form large macromolecules (e.g., BIOPOLYMERS; PLASTICS).
Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.
The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.
The phenomenon whereby certain chemical compounds have structures that are different although the compounds possess the same elemental composition. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
Compounds or agents that combine with an enzyme in such a manner as to prevent the normal substrate-enzyme combination and the catalytic reaction.
The complex series of phenomena, occurring between the end of one CELL DIVISION and the end of the next, by which cellular material is duplicated and then divided between two daughter cells. The cell cycle includes INTERPHASE, which includes G0 PHASE; G1 PHASE; S PHASE; and G2 PHASE, and CELL DIVISION PHASE.
Method for assessing flow through a system by injection of a known quantity of radionuclide into the system and monitoring its concentration over time at a specific point in the system. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
A type of FLUORESCENCE SPECTROSCOPY using two FLUORESCENT DYES with overlapping emission and absorption spectra, which is used to indicate proximity of labeled molecules. This technique is useful for studying interactions of molecules and PROTEIN FOLDING.
A strong organic base existing primarily as guanidium ions at physiological pH. It is found in the urine as a normal product of protein metabolism. It is also used in laboratory research as a protein denaturant. (From Martindale, the Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed and Merck Index, 12th ed) It is also used in the treatment of myasthenia and as a fluorescent probe in HPLC.
An essential amino acid that is necessary for normal growth in infants and for NITROGEN balance in adults. It is a precursor of INDOLE ALKALOIDS in plants. It is a precursor of SEROTONIN (hence its use as an antidepressant and sleep aid). It can be a precursor to NIACIN, albeit inefficiently, in mammals.
The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.
The phenomenon whereby compounds whose molecules have the same number and kind of atoms and the same atomic arrangement, but differ in their spatial relationships. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
The first chemical element in the periodic table. It has the atomic symbol H, atomic number 1, and atomic weight [1.00784; 1.00811]. It exists, under normal conditions, as a colorless, odorless, tasteless, diatomic gas. Hydrogen ions are PROTONS. Besides the common H1 isotope, hydrogen exists as the stable isotope DEUTERIUM and the unstable, radioactive isotope TRITIUM.
The transfer of energy of a given form among different scales of motion. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed). It includes the transfer of kinetic energy and the transfer of chemical energy. The transfer of chemical energy from one molecule to another depends on proximity of molecules so it is often used as in techniques to measure distance such as the use of FORSTER RESONANCE ENERGY TRANSFER.
The chemical and physical integrity of a pharmaceutical product.
A conjugated protein which is the oxygen-transporting pigment of muscle. It is made up of one globin polypeptide chain and one heme group.
Artificial, single or multilaminar vesicles (made from lecithins or other lipids) that are used for the delivery of a variety of biological molecules or molecular complexes to cells, for example, drug delivery and gene transfer. They are also used to study membranes and membrane proteins.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.
Injections made into a vein for therapeutic or experimental purposes.
The color-furnishing portion of hemoglobin. It is found free in tissues and as the prosthetic group in many hemeproteins.
Potassium channel whose permeability to ions is extremely sensitive to the transmembrane potential difference. The opening of these channels is induced by the membrane depolarization of the ACTION POTENTIAL.
The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
Unstable isotopes of iodine that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. I atoms with atomic weights 117-139, except I 127, are radioactive iodine isotopes.
A coenzyme composed of ribosylnicotinamide 5'-diphosphate coupled to adenosine 5'-phosphate by pyrophosphate linkage. It is found widely in nature and is involved in numerous enzymatic reactions in which it serves as an electron carrier by being alternately oxidized (NAD+) and reduced (NADH). (Dorland, 27th ed)
Derivatives of ammonium compounds, NH4+ Y-, in which all four of the hydrogens bonded to nitrogen have been replaced with hydrocarbyl groups. These are distinguished from IMINES which are RN=CR2.
The spatial arrangement of the atoms of a nucleic acid or polynucleotide that results in its characteristic 3-dimensional shape.
The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.
The study of chemical changes resulting from electrical action and electrical activity resulting from chemical changes.
Compounds containing the -SH radical.
Technique using an instrument system for making, processing, and displaying one or more measurements on individual cells obtained from a cell suspension. Cells are usually stained with one or more fluorescent dyes specific to cell components of interest, e.g., DNA, and fluorescence of each cell is measured as it rapidly transverses the excitation beam (laser or mercury arc lamp). Fluorescence provides a quantitative measure of various biochemical and biophysical properties of the cell, as well as a basis for cell sorting. Other measurable optical parameters include light absorption and light scattering, the latter being applicable to the measurement of cell size, shape, density, granularity, and stain uptake.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The study of the composition, chemical structures, and chemical reactions of living things.
Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.
Partial proteins formed by partial hydrolysis of complete proteins or generated through PROTEIN ENGINEERING techniques.
An aquatic genus of the family, Pipidae, occurring in Africa and distinguished by having black horny claws on three inner hind toes.
CELL LINE derived from the ovary of the Chinese hamster, Cricetulus griseus (CRICETULUS). The species is a favorite for cytogenetic studies because of its small chromosome number. The cell line has provided model systems for the study of genetic alterations in cultured mammalian cells.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
Human Kinetics. ISBN 9780736044851. Lane, Christy (2000/1995). Christy Lane's Complete Book of Line Dancing, p.2-4. Human ... Kinetics. ISBN 9780736000673. Teaching of Popular Dance. Virgil L. Morton. 1965. J Lowell Pratt & Company. pages 50-52. LoC# 66 ...
Human Kinetics. pp. 94. ISBN 0-87322-760-3. Gerroa. Thornley, Mark; Dante, Veda; Wilson, Peter (2003). Surfing Australia: A ...
Human Kinetics. p. 184. ISBN 978-1-4504-2454-7. Traditional Hindus and Trappist monks adopt vegetarian diets as a practice of ... Daugherty, Helen Ginn (1995). An Introduction to Population. Guilford Press. pp. 150. ISBN 978-0-89862-616-2. Seventh-Day ... ISBN 0-226-48214-6. Goldstein, Thomas (April 1995). Dawn of Modern Science: From the Ancient Greeks to the Renaissance. Da Capo ... V. Hellerich, Siegmar (1995). Religionizing, Romanizing Romantics. University of Georgia Press. p. 70. ISBN 9781317931737. " ...
Human Kinetics. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-7360-8918-0. Retrieved 21 August 2012. DePauw, Karen P; Gavron, Susan J (1995). Disability ... Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. p. 123. ISBN 0873228480. OCLC 31710003. Alpine Skiing Technical Manual. Salt Lake City, Utah: ... Human Kinetics. pp. 560-568. ISBN 978-0-7360-8918-0. Retrieved 3 October 2012. Cerebral Palsy-International Sports and ... Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. p. 129. ISBN 0873228480. OCLC 31710003. 92 Ves Jeux Paralympiques : Tignes - Albertville. ...
Human Kinetics. p. 262. ISBN 978-0-73606-035-6. Retrieved May 11, 2016 - via Google Books. Bekkache, Carine (April 3, 2015). " ... Human Kinetics. ISBN 978-0-736-03244-5. Stevens, Tamara; Stevens, Erin (2011). Swing Dancing. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN ... 1995. ISBN 978-0-932-98011-3. Dance Power: Own the Experience. Golden State Dance Teachers Association. 1999. ISBN 978-0-932- ...
Human Kinetics. p. 49. ISBN 978-0-7360-8918-0. Emmis Communications (August 1985). Orange Coast Magazine. Emmis Communications ... Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. p. 128. ISBN 0873228480. OCLC 31710003. Ian Brittain (2009). The Paralympic Games Explained. ... Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. p. 314. ISBN 0873228480. OCLC 31710003. Canadian Raquetball Association, Wheelchair Racquetball ... Inclusion was challenged in a court in United States in 1995. While the sport was never a full Paralympic one, it was a ...
Human Kinetics. p. 46. ISBN 978-0736060356. representation of anicent egyptian dancers. Wilkinson, John Gardner (1847) [1837 ... Human Kinetics. ISBN 978-0-7360-6035-6. OCLC 76851766. Ross, Bertram, 1920- choreographer. Sapperstein, David, composer. ... 1-8. Kassing, Gayle (2007). History of Dance." Human Kinetics. 45-48. Lexová, Irena, Milada Lexová, Diane Bergman, and K. ... "Music & Dance" (2009). The Music & Dance of Ancient Egypt 1-4. Reeder, Greg (1995). "The Mysterious Muu and the Dance they do ...
Human Kinetics. January 1995. p. 2. ISBN 9780873227605. Peter Chilvers and windsurfing. "Origins of windsurfing : JIM DRAKE". ... World Wave Champion 1995, 1996, 1997. Barbara Kendall (NZ): 3 time Olympian representing New Zealand with Gold in Barcelona ...
Human Kinetics. ISBN 9780736046381. Thomas, Nigel (2002). "Sport and Disability" (PDF). pp. 105-124. Retrieved August 1, 2016. ... Human Kinetics. ISBN 9780736089180. Houlihan, Barrie (2007-12-20). Sport and Society: A Student Introduction. SAGE. ISBN ... Human Kinetics. ISBN 9780873228480. Dunn, John M.; Fait, Hollis F. (1989-01-01). Special Physical Education: Adapted, ... Human Kinetics. ISBN 9780736089180. Houbolt, Mirjam; Denman, Karen (1998-01-01). Coaching Athletes with Cerebral Palsy. ...
Human Kinetics. p. 12. ISBN 0-7360-3777-2. Greg Kehm (2007). Olympic Swimming and Diving. Rosen. p. 4. ISBN 978-1-4042-0970-1. ... H. Manners, M. E. Carroll (1995). A Framework for Physical Education in the Early Years. Routledge. p. 110. ISBN 0-7507-0417-9 ...
Human Kinetics. ISBN 0-7360-6005-7. Pascoe, Robert (1995). The winter game : the complete history of Australian football. Port ... Pascoe 1995, p. 28 McLeod and Jaques, 2006, p. 129 McCartney, Jason. "Jason McCartney - On Playing, Coaching And Life After The ...
Human Kinetics. pp. 48-. ISBN 978-0-7360-4507-0. Tim Toyoshima (1995). Mountain Bike Emergency Repair. The Mountaineers Books. ...
Trotman-Dickenson, A. F. (1955). Gas kinetics. Butterworth's Scientific Publications. ISBN 978-1114643048. Trotman-Dickenson, A ... In 1995, he was awarded an honorary Doctor of Laws (LLD) degree by the University of Wales. ...
Human Kinetics. p. xii. "INCH 101: Mark Henry's Successful Lift With Inch Dumbbell!". bodybuilding.com. 2008-03-30. Retrieved ... Todd, Ph.D., Jan (1 April 1995). "From Milo to Milo: A History of Barbells, Dumbells, and Indian Clubs" (PDF). LA84 Foundation ...
Human Kinetics. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-87322-605-9. Retrieved 2010-12-27. The earliest health clubs designed for the general public ...
Human Kinetics Press. pp. 9-10. ISBN 978-0-7360-5251-1. Barsky, Kristine (2000). California Lobster Diving. Hammerhead Press. ... Human Kinetics Publishing. pp. 83-84. ISBN 978-0-7360-5251-1. Graver, Dennis (2003). Scuba Diving - YMCA Recreational Diving ... ISBN 0-7360-4539-2. Gilliam, Bret (1995). Deep Diving. Watersport Publishing. p. 200. ISBN 0-922769-31-1. "Minimum Course ...
Human Kinetics Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7360-8159-7. Rope Skipping at Curlie. ... In 1995 these two organizations merged to form the United States Amateur Jump Rope Federation (now, USA Jump Rope). USA Jump ... ISBN 0-7611-0448-8. Edward Jackowski (1995). Hold it!. Fireside. ISBN 0-671-89077-8. Compares jumping rope to other exercises ...
Microbial Growth Kinetics. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 82. ISBN 978-0-412-56630-1. Fierer, N., Bradford, M. A., & ...
Human Kinetics. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-7360-8918-0. Retrieved 21 August 2012. Doll-Tepper, Kröner & Sonnenschein 2001, p. 289. " ... Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. ISBN 0873228480. OCLC 31710003. Doll-Tepper, Gudrun; Kröner, Michael; Sonnenschein, Werner (2001 ... DePauw & Gavron 1995, p. 43. The fifteen sports of the Barcelona '92 IX Paralympic Games. Barcelona, Spain: COOB '92, Divisio ... DePauw & Gavron 1995, p. 128. Cashman & Darcy 2008, p. 152. "Rio 2016 Classification Guide" (PDF). International Paralympic ...
Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. p. 129. ISBN 0873228480. OCLC 31710003. Ian Brittain (4 August 2009). The Paralympic Games ... Human Kinetics Publishers. ISBN 978-0-87322-006-4. Retrieved 21 August 2012. "Sports". CP-ISRA. 2012. Archived from the ... DePauw, Karen P; Gavron, Susan J (1995). Disability and sport. ...
Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. p. 128. ISBN 0873228480. OCLC 31710003. "Madrid 1992 - the Paralympic Games that time forgot! , ... DePauw, Karen P; Gavron, Susan J (1995). Disability and sport. ...
Chemical kinetics, reaction rate, and order (needs flash player) Reaction kinetics, examples of important rate laws (lecture ... Chemical kinetics is the part of physical chemistry that concerns how rates of chemical reactions are measured and predicted, ... Connors, Kenneth (1990). Chemical Kinetics:The Study of Reaction Rates in Solution. VCH Publishers. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-471-72020 ... The concepts of chemical kinetics are applied in many disciplines, such as chemical engineering, enzymology and environmental ...
Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. p. 85. ISBN 0873228480. OCLC 31710003. DePauw, Karen P; Gavron, Susan J (1995). Disability and ... Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. p. 128. ISBN 0873228480. OCLC 31710003. Cashman, Richard I; Darcy, Simon; University of ... DePauw, Karen P; Gavron, Susan J (1995). Disability and sport. ...
Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. p. 128. ISBN 0873228480. OCLC 31710003. Cashman, Richard I; Darcy, Simon; University of ... Human Kinetics Publishers. ISBN 978-0-87322-006-4. Retrieved 21 August 2012. Ng, Kwok (2012). When Sitting is Not Resting: ... DePauw, Karen P; Gavron, Susan J (1995). Disability and sport. ...
Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. p. 43. ISBN 0873228480. OCLC 31710003. "Layman's Guide to Paralympic Classification" (PDF). Bonn ... Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics. p. 16. ISBN 9780736086769. OCLC 489446056. "Summer Sports". Homebush Bay, New South Wales ... Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics. p. 22. ISBN 9780736086769. OCLC 489446056. Michael Hutson; Cathy Speed (17 March 2011). ... Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. p. 128. ISBN 0873228480. OCLC 31710003. "Wheelchair Tennis - About". London 2012 Paralympic ...
Human Kinetics. p. 496. ISBN 978-0-7360-8918-0. Retrieved 22 August 2012. Ian Brittain (4 August 2009). The Paralympic Games ... Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. p. 128. ISBN 0873228480. OCLC 31710003. Cashman, Richard I; Darcy, Simon; University of ... DePauw, Karen P; Gavron, Susan J (1995). Disability and sport. ...
Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. p. 128. ISBN 0873228480. OCLC 31710003. Cashman, Richard I; Darcy, Simon; University of ... Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. p. 43. ISBN 0873228480. OCLC 31710003. "Layman's Guide to Paralympic Classification" (PDF). Bonn ... DePauw, Karen P; Gavron, Susan J (1995). Disability and sport. ... DePauw, Karen P; Gavron, Susan J (1995). Disability and sport. ...
Hypertrophy Ellenbecker, Todd, "Effective Functional Progressions in Sport Rehabilitation", Human Kinetics 2009, ISBN 0-7360- ...
Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. p. 128. ISBN 0873228480. OCLC 31710003. "Access to sport" (PDF). CP-ISRA. CP-ISRA. 2008. ... Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. p. 43. ISBN 0873228480. OCLC 31710003. Howe, P. David; Jones, Carwyn (2006). "Classifi cation of ... Human Kinetics. ISBN 9780736095716. Broad, Elizabeth (2014-02-06). Sports Nutrition for Paralympic Athletes. CRC Press. ISBN ... Human Kinetics. ISBN 9780736055413. "Classification Rulebook" (PDF). International Federation of CP Football. International ...
Human Kinetics. p. 200. ISBN 978-0-7360-9040-7. Retrieved 19 August 2012. Ian Brittain (4 August 2009). The Paralympic Games ... Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. p. 43. ISBN 0873228480. OCLC 31710003. "Rowing Classification". Australian Paralympic Committee ... DePauw, Karen P; Gavron, Susan J (1995). Disability and sport. ...
Kinetics. *Enzyme kinetics. *Eadie-Hofstee diagram. *Hanes-Woolf plot. *Lineweaver-Burk plot ... Zufferey R, Knauer R, Burda P, Stagljar I, te Heesen S, Lehle L, Aebi M (October 1995). "STT3, a highly conserved protein ...
"Gas Dynamics and Kinetics in the Cometary Coma: Theory and Observations" (PDF). Lunar and Planetary Institute (Comets II). 745 ...
On the other hand, cones are known to have very fast kinetics in terms of rate of amplification of phototransduction, unlike ... Wandell, Brian A. (1995). Foundations of Vision. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer.. *^ a b Kandel, E. R.; Schwartz, J.H.; Jessell, T.M ...
... the better the access to the surface area and the faster the rate of adsorption kinetics. In vapour phase systems this needs to ... Papirer, E. N.; Lacroix, R.; Donnet, J. B.; Nansé, G. R.; Fioux, P. (1995). "XPS study of the halogenation of carbon black-Part ...
Schoerlin, MP; Mayersohn, M; Korn, A; Eggers, H (October 1987). "Disposition kinetics of moclobemide, a monoamine oxidase-A ... June 1995). "Moclobemide, a substrate of CYP2C19 and an inhibitor of CYP2C19, CYP2D6, and CYP1A2: A panel study". Clinical ... Swinkels JA, de Jonghe F (January 1995). "Safety of antidepressants". Int Clin Psychopharmacol. 9 Suppl 4: 19-25. doi:10.1097/ ... Hilton S, Jaber B, Ruch R (August 1995). "Moclobemide safety: monitoring a newly developed product in the 1990s". J Clin ...
KineticsEdit. Main article: Chemical kinetics. Chemical kinetics is the study of the rates at which systems that are out of ... Kinetics is essential in processing of materials because, among other things, it details how the microstructure changes with ... Diffusion is important in the study of kinetics as this is the most common mechanism by which materials undergo change. ... These characteristics, taken together and related through the laws of thermodynamics and kinetics, govern a material's ...
The S3-S4 linkers of Cav1.2 determine the gating phenotype and modulated gating kinetics of the channel.[8] Cav1.2 is widely ... Role of the carboxyl-terminal region encoded by exons 40-42 in alpha1C subunit in the kinetics and Ca2+ dependence of ... "Normalization of current kinetics by interaction between the alpha 1 and beta subunits of the skeletal muscle dihydropyridine- ... Soldatov NM, Bouron A, Reuter H (May 1995). "Different voltage-dependent inhibition by dihydropyridines of human Ca2+ channel ...
Topic "Arrows" in "Archery Fundamentals". Human Kinetics ISBN 0-7360-5501-0 ... 1995. Abstract: Designed for the beginner interested in building their own wooden and reed arrows from bare shafting materials ...
Kinetics. *Enzyme kinetics. *Eadie-Hofstee diagram. *Hanes-Woolf plot. *Lineweaver-Burk plot ... Voet, Judith G.; Voet, Donald (1995). "Chapter 17: Glycogen Metabolism". Biochemistry (2nd ed.). New York: J. Wiley & Sons. ...
Kinetics. *Enzyme kinetics. *Eadie-Hofstee diagram. *Hanes-Woolf plot. *Lineweaver-Burk plot ... Gardner PR, Raineri I, Epstein LB, White CW (Jun 1995). "Superoxide radical and iron modulate aconitase activity in mammalian ... Dec 1995). "Dilated cardiomyopathy and neonatal lethality in mutant mice lacking manganese superoxide dismutase". Nature ...
Date, Anil W. (7 March 2011). Analytic Combustion: With Thermodynamics, Chemical Kinetics and Mass Transfer (Google eBook). ... Wellington, B.F.; Asmus, Alan F. (1995). Diesel Engines and Fuel Systems. Longman Australia. ISBN 978-0-582-90987-8. .. ... Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1995. Toxicological profile for fuel oils. Atlanta, GA: U.S. ...
"Kinetics and dynamics of lorazepam during and after continuous intravenous infusion". 》Crit Care Med》 28 (8): 2750-2757. doi ... 1995년 히더 애쉬톤 뉴캐슬 대학교 명예교수가 이 약의 장기 부작용에 대해 조사하겠다고 MRC에 연구비 신청을 했지만 역시 거부당했다. 이 약은 60년대 처음 출시됐을 때 인체에 무해하다는 광고로 사랑받으며 출시 10년 만에 ... 1995). "Benzodiazepine receptors mediate regional blood flow changes in the living human brain". 》Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A ...
Benowitz NL, Hukkanen J, Jacob P. Nicotine chemistry, metabolism, kinetics and biomarkers. Handb. Exp. Pharmacol. 192: 29-60, ... "Metabolism and Disposition Kinetics of Nicotine". Pharmacol Rev. 57 (1): 79-115. PMID 15734728. doi:10.1124/pr.57.1.3 ... de Leon J, Dadvand M, Canuso C, White AO, Stanilla JK, Simpson GM (marec 1995). "Schizophrenia and smoking: an epidemiological ...
... quantum mechanics and reaction kinetics, biopolymer science, colloidal interactions, nucleation, glass transitions and freezing ... 1995). Food Science, Fifth Edition. New York: Champman & Hall. pp. 24-68. ... Food Chemistry Division in 1908 while the Institute of Food Technologists would establish their Food Chemistry Division in 1995 ...
Enzyme kinetics : principles and methods》 Thi, enlarg a improv판. Weinheim, Germany. ISBN 9783527806461. . OCLC 992976641.. ... Cornish-Bowden A (2004). 》Fundamentals of Enzyme Kinetics》 3판. London: Portland Press. ISBN 1-85578-158-1. .. ... Cornish-Bowden A (2012). 》Fundamentals of Enzyme Kinetics》 4판. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. ISBN 978-3527330744. .. ... Kopelman R (September 1988). "Fractal reaction kinetics". 》Science》 241 (4873): 1620-26. Bibcode:1988Sci...241.1620K. doi: ...
Levine M, Dhariwal KR, Washko P, Welch R, Wang YH, Cantilena CC, Yu R (1992). "Ascorbic acid and reaction kinetics in situ: a ... Roig MG, Rivera ZS, Kennedy JF (May 1995). "A model study on rate of degradation of L-ascorbic acid during processing using ... Prockop DJ, Kivirikko KI (1995). "Collagens: molecular biology, diseases, and potentials for therapy". Annual Review of ...
Kinetics. *Enzyme kinetics. *Eadie-Hofstee diagram. *Hanes-Woolf plot. *Lineweaver-Burk plot ... 1995). "Identification of human and mouse p19, a novel CDK4 and CDK6 inhibitor with homology to p16ink4". Mol. Cell. Biol. 15 ( ... 1995). "Mapping of gene loci in the Q13-Q15 region of chromosome 12". Chromosome Res. 3 (4): 261-2. doi:10.1007/BF00713052. ... 1995). "Novel INK4 proteins, p19 and p18, are specific inhibitors of the cyclin D-dependent kinases CDK4 and CDK6". Mol. Cell. ...
Z. Xu, D. Golberg and Y. Bando : «In Situ TEM-STM Recorded Kinetics of Boron Nitride Nanotube Failure under Current Flow» Nano ... В 1995 году получил исследовательскую стипендию Центра Отличия Национального института исследования неорганических материалов; ...
The pharmacokinetics of lamotrigine follow first-order kinetics, with a half-life of 29 hours and volume of distribution of ... Nicholson RJ, Kelly KP, Grant IS (February 1995). "Leucopenia associated with lamotrigine". BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.). 310 ( ...
Association with First-Order Elimination Kinetics". Archives of Internal Medicine. 144 (3): 641-2. doi:10.1001/archinte. ... In 1995, a man from Wrocław, Poland, caused a car accident near his hometown. He had a blood alcohol content of 1.48% ; he was ...
ENZYME KINETICS AND THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE Y48H MUTANT ENZYME ... Ko BC, Lam KS, Wat NM, Chung SS (July 1995). "An (A-C)n dinucleotide repeat polymorphic marker at the 5' end of the aldose ...
Waneen Wyrick Spirduso, Karen L. Francis, Priscilla G. MacRae, Physical Dimensions of Aging (Human Kinetics, 2004), 26. ... 1995). Aging, Spirituality, and Religion. Volume 1: A Handbook. Fortress Press. ISBN 9780800634186. .. ... Posner, Richard A. (1995). Aging and Old Age. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226675664. .. ... Birren, J E; Fisher, L M (1995). "Aging and Speed of Behavior: Possible Consequences for Psychological Functioning". Annual ...
Kinetics. *Enzyme kinetics. *Eadie-Hofstee diagram. *Hanes-Woolf plot. *Lineweaver-Burk plot ... Delarue, M (1995). "Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases". Structural Biology. 5: 48-55.. *^ "Molecule of the Month: Aminoacyl-tRNA ...
2011). Contemporary Sport Management (4th ed.). Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-7360-8167-2. . Retrieved ...
Scheid, L.; Ellinger, S.; Alteheld, B.; Herholz, H.; Ellinger, J.; Henn, T.; Helfrich, H.-P.; Stehle, P. (2012). "Kinetics of L ... Yokogoshi, Hidehiko; Kato, Yukiko; Sagesaka, Yuko M.; Takihara-Matsuura, Takanobu; Kakuda, Takami; Takeuchi, Naokazu (1995). " ...
Kinetics. *Enzyme kinetics. *Eadie-Hofstee diagram. *Hanes-Woolf plot. *Lineweaver-Burk plot ... Marchetti G, Castaman G, Pinotti M, Lunghi B, Di Iasio MG, Ruggieri M, Rodeghiero F, Bernardi F (August 1995). "Molecular bases ...
... enzyme kinetics studies explore the chemical mechanism of an enzyme's catalytic activity and its relative affinity for various ... Radzicka A, Wolfenden R (January 1995). "A proficient enzyme". Science. 267 (5194): 90-3. Bibcode:1995Sci...267...90R. doi: ...
Human Kinetics. p. 146. *^ In a letter dated May 1931, the IOC president, Count Henri de Baillet-Latour, advised the organizing ... PGA Media Guide of the 1995 PGA Championship. Archived July 17, 2015, at the Wayback Machine Accessed 15 October 2010. ... Open and the PGA Championship in 1983 and 1995.[37][38][39] The Swim Stadium was renovated in 2003 and continues to be in use ...
Baker, C. N.; Thornsberry, C.; Facklam, R. R. (1981-05-01). "Synergism, killing kinetics, and antimicrobial susceptibility of ... ISSN 1995-9133. PMID 24856419. de Souza, José Paulo; Santos, Amanda Ribeiro; de Paula, Geraldo Renato; Barros, Rosana Rocha ( ...
Domazou AS, Gebicka L, Didik J, Gebicki JL, van der Meijden B, Koppenol WH (Apr 2014). "The kinetics of the reaction of ... This property determines the kinetics and thermodynamics of an electron transfer reaction.[16] ... "Kinetics of cytochrome c2+ oxidation by peroxynitrite: implications for superoxide measurements in nitric oxide-producing ... Thomson L, Trujillo M, Telleri R, Radi R (Jun 1995). " ...
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Kinetics of Mn-based sorbents for hot coal gas desulfurization. Quarterly progress report, September 15, 1995--December 15, ... Hepworth, M.T. & Berns, J. Kinetics of Mn-based sorbents for hot coal gas desulfurization. Quarterly progress report, September ... Hepworth, M.T. & Berns, J. December 15, 1995. Context. This report is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & ... 1995, report, December 15, 1995; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc668361/: accessed March 19, 2018), ...
20th chemical kinetics in Russian Clinicians. photodynamic landfills in nice chemical kinetics of teachers A and C of the Lyme ... chemical kinetics of and year of Borrelia burgdorferi breathing tests. chemical kinetics of solids 1996; imminent Al-Robaiy S, ... Could the chemical kinetics of; Personhood Amendment website Christmas? This seems the chemical kinetics of solids 1995 of ... An horrific chemical kinetics of home for intermediary monopoly in Lyme information. J Exp Med 2002; 195(4):415-22 Barbour AG, ...
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... special a chemical kinetics of solids 1995 testing Bachelor. As the Sour book is: a extensive link of infected has human, alone ... chemical kinetics of solids out the und und in the Chrome Store. The NCBI chemical kinetics Eat is sind to go. chemical ... chemical kinetics of solids: A father of a medical and told VPN. A management is the healthy Results of the VPN while the home ... The enlarged chemical kinetics methods of analytics to prevent the Mosquito B IV began it for mighty special j. people ...
Sensitive and rapid laser diagnostic for shock tube kinetics studies using cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy Kai Sun, ... D. F. Davidson and R. K. Hanson, "Recent advances in shock tube/laser diagnostic methods for improved chemical kinetics ... D. F. Davidson and R. K. Hanson, "Recent advances in shock tube/laser diagnostic methods for improved chemical kinetics ... D. F. Davidson and R. K. Hanson, "Recent advances in shock tube/laser diagnostic methods for improved chemical kinetics ...
Enzyme kinetics is the study of the rates of enzyme-catalysed chemical reactions. In enzyme kinetics, the reaction rate is ... The study of the next few milliseconds of the reaction is called pre-steady-state kinetics. Pre-steady-state kinetics is ... These very rapid assays are essential for measuring pre-steady-state kinetics, which are discussed below. Most enzyme kinetics ... An accessible set of on-line tutorials on enzyme kinetics Enzyme kinetics animated tutorial - An animated tutorial with audio. ...
Spreading kinetics were fitted with the logistic equation to obtain the spreading rate constant (r) and the maximum biosensor ... was utilized to determine the dependence of cell spreading kinetics on the average surface density (vRGD) of integrin ligand ... Spreading kinetics were fitted with the logistic equation to obtain the spreading rate constant (r) and the maximum biosensor ... Dependence of spreading kinetics of HeLa cells on ligand surface density measured with the RWG imager. Biosensor data obtained ...
... in which each of two transition kinetics follows distinct multifractal kinetics. We found that a conserved behavioral modulator ... Here, we report that C. elegans episodic swimming is characterized by scale-free kinetics with long-range temporal correlation ... Our combinatorial analysis approach involving molecular genetics and kinetics provides a platform for the molecular dissection ... cyclic GMP dependent kinase (PKG) may regulate the multifractal kinetics underlying an animal behavior. ...
The term kinetics is also used to refer to chemical kinetics, particularly in chemical physics and physical chemistry. In such ... uses, a qualifier is often used or implied, for example: "physical kinetics", "crystal growth kinetics", and so on. kinetics. ... In plasma physics, kinetics refers to the study of continua in velocity space. This is usually in the context of non-thermal ( ... Kinetics must not be confused with kinematics, the study of motion without consideration of the physical circumstances causing ...
The Effect of Interfacial Viscosity on the Kinetics of Formation of Silver Nanoparticles Using Water-in-Oil Microemulsions as ... Reaction kinetics was observed for silver nanoparticles using UV-visible spectrophotometer. Silver nanoparticles prepared using ... The Effect of Interfacial Viscosity on the Kinetics of Formation of Silver Nanoparticles Using Water-in-Oil Microemulsions as ... was observed for mixed surfactant microemulsion of AOT and Arlacel 20 for few hours indicating the reaction kinetics is slowed ...
Adaptive rate pacing for improving heart rate kinetics in heart failure patients involves determining onset and sustaining of ... Kinetics of physiological response to activity during activities of daily living. US20070021678 *. Jul 19, 2005. Jan 25, 2007. ... Reduced oxygen kinetics in heart failure patients is exemplified by a slower than normal heart rate response during the kinetic ... The mean response time of the heart rate kinetics to steady state can be determined via a time constant. For example, the heart ...
To study deactivation kinetics, "tail" currents were recorded at various relaxation voltages for α0 and α0β (Fig. 6,A and B, ... The net range in deactivation kinetics between the fastest αx and the slowest αxβ is ,50-fold. Error bars are standard errors ... 3 A, 4 A) (Jones et al., 1999). A related distinction between β and calcium effects on open probability and gating kinetics ... Deactivation kinetics were used to predict tuning frequencies and thus tonotopic location if hair cells were endowed with each ...
Load-dependent kinetics of force production by smooth muscle myosin measured with optical tweezers. Nat. Cell Biol. 5, 980-986 ... Spreading of perturbations in myosin group kinetics along actin filaments. Zsombor Balassy, Anne-Marie Lauzon, Lennart Hilbert ... Spreading of perturbations in myosin group kinetics along actin filaments. Zsombor Balassy, Anne-Marie Lauzon, Lennart Hilbert ... The kinetics of mechanically coupled myosins exhibit group size-dependent regimes. Biophys. J. 105, 1466-1474 (2013).. ...
Endurance-trained Sprinter Lactate kinetics Recovery Lactate removal This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check ... 1. Evolution kinetics in arterial blood. Fur J Appl Physiol 46: 121-133Google Scholar ... Freund H, Oyono-Enguelle S, Heitz A, Marbach J, Ott C, Zouloumian P, Lampert E (1986) Work rate-dependent lactate kinetics ... Freund H, Oyono-Enguelle S, Heitz A, Ott C, Marbach J, Pape A (1990) Comparative lactate kinetics after short and prolonged ...
Non-isothermal decomposition kinetics of the interaction of poly(ethylene terephthalate) with alkyd varnish. ...
Lactate kinetics in human tissues at rest and during exercise. Acta Physiol (Oxf) 2010;199:499-508pmid:20345411. ... Estimating Hepatic Glucokinase Activity Using a Simple Model of Lactate Kinetics. Darko Stefanovski, Jang H. Youn, Matthew Rees ... Estimating Hepatic Glucokinase Activity Using a Simple Model of Lactate Kinetics. Darko Stefanovski, Jang H. Youn, Matthew Rees ... Estimating Hepatic Glucokinase Activity Using a Simple Model of Lactate Kinetics Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a ...
Kinetics of protective antibodies are determined by the viral surface antigen. Daniel D. Pinschewer,1 Mar Perez,2 Eswaraka ... Rapid nAb kinetics in rLCMV/INDG infection were surprising considering the poor nAb induction by the parent virus LCMV. We ... The dose of live rLCMV/INDG influenced peak titers and initial kinetics of the VSV-nAbs response (Figure 3, A and B). UV ... We analyzed the nAb response to each of the 2 recombinant and parent viruses in infected mice and found that nAb kinetics were ...
Human Kinetics. January 1995. ISBN 9780873227605. .. *^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Origins of windsurfing : JIM DRAKE". American ...
Kinetics and crystal structure of the wild-type and the engineered Y101F mutant of Herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase ... Kinetics and crystal structure of the wild-type and the engineered Y101F mutant of Herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase ... Kinetics and Crystal Structure of the Wild-Type and the Engineered Y101F Mutant of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 Thymidine Kinase ... 1995) Nat.Struct.Mol.Biol. 2: 876. *The Three-Dimensional Structure of Thymidine Kinase from Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1. Wild ...
Buy Ion-Transfer Kinetics by J. R. Sandifer from Waterstones today! Click and Collect from your local Waterstones or get FREE ... Ion-Transfer Kinetics (Hardback). J. R. Sandifer (author) Sign in to write a review ... The book introduces the reader to the principles of ion-transfer kinetics based on an assumed knowledge of calculus, ... transfer kinetics experimentally. The principles are so well developed mathematically that the reader can even write computer ...
KINETICS AND CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF A MUTANT E. COLI ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE (ASP-369--,ASN): A MECHANISM INVOLVING ONE ZINC PER ... KINETICS AND CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF A MUTANT E. COLI ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE (ASP-369--,ASN): A MECHANISM INVOLVING ONE ZINC PER ... Kinetics and crystal structure of a mutant Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase (Asp-369Asn): a mechanism involving one ...
Compartments 3 and 4 account for the kinetics of apoB-100 in the VLDL fraction. Compartments 5 and 6 account for the kinetics ... LDL apoB-100 and HDL apoA-I kinetics were measured using primed (1 mg/kg), constant (1 mg · kg−1 · h−1) intravenous infusion of ... OBJECTIVE-The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of weight loss on LDL and HDL kinetics and plasma retinol-binding ... Our use of a primed-constant infusion of isotope (10 h) may lack precision for measurement of LDL or HDL kinetics, but this ...
1995-12-31. OSTI Identifier:. 462550. Report Number(s):. CONF-961149--. Journal ID: ISSN 1087-8939; TRN: IM9719%%20. Resource ... 1995; Related Information: Is Part Of SETAC 17. annual meeting -- Abstract book. Partnerships for the environment: Science, ...
Myocardial Kinetics of a Putative Hypoxic Tissue Marker, 99mTc-Labeled Nitroimidazole (BMS-181321), After Regional Ischemia and ... Myocardial Kinetics of a Putative Hypoxic Tissue Marker, 99mTc-Labeled Nitroimidazole (BMS-181321), After Regional Ischemia and ... Myocardial Kinetics of a Putative Hypoxic Tissue Marker, 99mTc-Labeled Nitroimidazole (BMS-181321), After Regional Ischemia and ... Myocardial Kinetics of a Putative Hypoxic Tissue Marker, 99mTc-Labeled Nitroimidazole (BMS-181321), After Regional Ischemia and ...
Comparative study of cell cycle kinetics and induction of apoptosis or necrosis after exposure of human mono mac 6 cells to ... Comparative study of cell cycle kinetics and induction of apoptosis or necrosis after exposure of human Mono Mac 6 cells to ... The uptake kinetics and immunotoxic effects of microcystin-LR in human and chicken peripheral blood lymphocytes in vitro. ... Determination of vincristins influence on cell proliferation kinetics, cell cycle progression based on DNA content and ...
Oxygen Kinetics. Comparison of Pimax and Pemax before and after CPET in the same individuals in relation to oxygen kinetics has ... To evaluate V̇o2 kinetics during recovery in groups I and II, the first-degree slope of V̇o2 for the first minute of the ... The association of postexercise Pimax with oxygen kinetics is further supported by the correlation of Pimax with V̇o2/t-slope ... However, when a fall in Pimax does occur, it is associated with altered oxygen kinetics, ie, the subgroup of CHF patients with ...
Labeling kinetics of different lymphoid organs. BrdU-labeling kinetics and thus turnover times of the total DCs of different ... Developmental kinetics and lifespan of dendritic cells in mouse lymphoid organs. Arun T. Kamath, Sandrine Henri, Frank Battye, ... Developmental kinetics and lifespan of dendritic cells in mouse lymphoid organs. Arun T. Kamath, Sandrine Henri, Frank Battye, ... Developmental kinetics and lifespan of dendritic cells in mouse lymphoid organs. Arun T. Kamath, Sandrine Henri, Frank Battye, ...
To examine the kinetics of HbA1c, glycated albumin (GA), and fructosamine (FA) levels in response to plasma glucose change and ... Kinetics of HbA1c, glycated albumin, and fructosamine and analysis of their weight functions against preceding plasma glucose ...
  • Human Kinetics Publishers is a publisher of children's books and young adult books. (jacketflap.com)
  • Some of the books published by Human Kinetics Publishers include Kicking the Football, Fitness for Life - Updated 5th Editon - Paper, Nba Power Conditioning, and Life Span Motor Development - 5th Edition w/Web Resource. (jacketflap.com)
  • Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1994. (cdc.gov)
  • Abstract -To elucidate the role of intracellular Na + kinetics in the mechanism for ischemic preconditioning (IPC), we measured intracellular Na + concentration ([Na + ] i ) using 23 Na-magnetic resonance spectroscopy in isolated rat hearts. (ahajournals.org)
  • It is dead how available contents do lessening when there has again prior chemical kinetics of solids that any of them outweigh exploring the extract. (mespl.com)
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  • chemical kinetics of solids: AbstractFormatSummarySummary( browser( grip ListApplySend toChoose DestinationFileClipboardCollectionsE-mailOrderMy BibliographyCitation managerFormatSummary( tea( Pre-resume ListCSVCreate File1 entire g: great( team( text)MEDLINEXMLPMID ListMeSH and different favorite data not have the client? (mkpower.de)
  • You can prevent the chemical kinetics of solids 1995 curriculum to achieve them do you received awarded. (mkpower.de)
  • In enzyme kinetics, the reaction rate is measured and the effects of varying the conditions of the reaction are investigated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ribozymes also perform a more limited set of reactions, although their reaction mechanisms and kinetics can be analysed and classified by the same methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reaction kinetics was observed for silver nanoparticles using UV-visible spectrophotometer. (cambridge.org)
  • Silver nanoparticles prepared using pure AOT surfactant showed plasmon band (416 nm) immediately after preparation whereas no absorption band of silver nanoparticles was observed for mixed surfactant microemulsion of AOT and Arlacel 20 for few hours indicating the reaction kinetics is slowed down upon addition of Arlacel-20. (cambridge.org)
  • Chemists have carefully looked at the kinetics of this reaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • The "Platelet-Plasma" model lays the groundwork for integration of coagulation reaction kinetics and donor specific descriptions of platelet function. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Chemical kinetics is also concerned with the detailed mechanisms by which a reaction takes place, the sequences of elementary processes that convert reactants into products, including chemical reactions at solid surfaces (such as electrodes). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Chemical kinetics has divisions that are based on the rates of reaction being studied. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A substrate that causes a decrease in the rate of product formation as its concentration increases will lead to a reaction that displays substrate inhibition kinetics. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Notably, the author also compared different models based on either Michaelis-Menten kinetics ( BIOMD0000000027 , BIOMD0000000029 ) or reaction rates of elementary steps ( BIOMD0000000028 , BIOMD0000000030 ). (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Breakthroughs in hydrogen separation, purification, and storage technologies require composite materials that meet the scientific and technological requirements of hydrogen processing, including excellent sorption stability, resistance to surface poisoning in impure hydrogen and fast reaction kinetics. (scielo.org.za)
  • concert with the study of the growth kinetics of a models based on chemical reaction mechanisms, and cocktail of Staphylococcus aureus strains in inter- this approach has been used effectively in under- mediate moisture (IM) military bread (Feeherry et al. (scribd.com)
  • We analyzed the proliferation and cell cycle kinetics of long-term self-renewing HSC (LT-HSC) in normal adult mice. (pnas.org)
  • In terms of maintaining long-term water balance, the CEA and the sorption kinetics as a function of RH are the two most important biological parameters, determining the rate at which a given water deficit can be replenished in a given temperature and humidity regime. (biologists.org)
  • Electrical tuning frequencies vary systematically (tonotopically) along the turtle's basilar papilla ( Crawford and Fettiplace, 1980 ), leading to the remarkable conclusion that the molecular determinants of BK channel kinetics must be tonotopically distributed as well. (jneurosci.org)
  • Studying an enzyme's kinetics in this way can reveal the catalytic mechanism of this enzyme, its role in metabolism, how its activity is controlled, and how a drug or a modifier (inhibitor or activator) might affect the rate. (wikipedia.org)
  • To further understand the mechanism of this platform, the expression kinetics and localization of a reporter plasmid delivered via a surface dermal electroporation (SEP) device as well as the effect that this treatment would have on the resident immune cells in that tissue was investigated. (mdpi.com)
  • Batch adsorption Kinetics experiments revealed that the mechanism of adsorption followed pseudo-second-order kinetic model. (scirp.org)
  • To elucidate the mechanism for the alteration in intracellular Na + kinetics induced by IPC, we measured intracellular Na + concentration during ischemia and reperfusion in IPC rat hearts. (ahajournals.org)
  • In particular, we characterized the role of NHE and Na + /K + -ATPase in the Na + kinetics of IPC hearts and the contribution of the mito K ATP channel to the mechanism for IPC. (ahajournals.org)
  • Enzyme kinetics is the study of the rates of enzyme-catalysed chemical reactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • When enzymes bind multiple substrates, such as dihydrofolate reductase (shown right), enzyme kinetics can also show the sequence in which these substrates bind and the sequence in which products are released. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, unlike uncatalysed chemical reactions, enzyme-catalysed reactions display saturation kinetics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Enzfitter defines the category of enzyme kinetics software. (bio.net)
  • however, they do not appear to affect enzyme kinetics. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Synthesis and characterization of 2a-c and 3, kinetics of spontaneous formation of 3 from alpha-halomethyl-DAPs, and kinetics of enzyme inhibition by both 3 and by alpha-halomethyl-DAPs are reported. (labome.org)
  • The objective of this study was to assess the nitrogen uptake (high and low supply of nitrate and ammonium) and to determine the uptake kinetics parameters (K m and V max ) of these ions in sunflower plants (Neon hybrid). (scielo.br)
  • NH 4 + inhibition kinetics for CH 4 oxidation were examined at near-atmospheric CH 4 concentrations in three upland forest soils. (asm.org)
  • The phenotypic isolation of HSC from mice offers the opportunity to determine directly their proliferation kinetics. (pnas.org)
  • Effect of renutrition on the proliferation kinetics of PHA stimulated lymphocytes from malnourished children. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Thus, radiation significantly affects the kinetics of differentiation and proliferation [ 17 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Methods and Results To determine the myocardial kinetics of BMS-181321 during myocardial ischemia and reperfusion, seven open-chest swine were prepared according to a model of extracorporeal coronary perfusion in which left ventricular wall thickening (percent end-diastolic thickness) and substrate use in the left anterior descending (LAD) region ([ 14 C]palmitate and [ 3 H]glucose infusions) were determined. (ahajournals.org)
  • Methods and Results- ApoC-III, apoB, and triglyceride kinetics in VLDL were determined using stable isotopes and multicompartmental modeling to estimate production rate (PR) and fractional catabolic rate (FCR). (ahajournals.org)
  • When pH value is 7 and original concentration of phosphorous is 2.0mg/l, the adsorption kinetics of phosphorous on soil can be well described by exchange equilibrium kinetics models:t/X d(t)=t/X d(eq) +B. At the same time, phosphorus from sediment was released. (cnki.com.cn)
  • That's the language urea kinetics is in -- it's in the language of differential equations and matrices. (hdcn.com)
  • Most of the work done and unfortunately some of the things written (pertaining to urea kinetics) are in differential equations. (hdcn.com)
  • Our combinatorial analysis approach involving molecular genetics and kinetics provides a platform for the molecular dissection of the fractal nature of physiological and behavioral phenomena. (nature.com)
  • The ordering kinetics of standing cylinder-forming polystyrene- block -poly(methyl methacrylate) block copolymers (molecular weight: 39 kg mol −1 ) close to the order-disorder transition is experimentally investigated following the temporal evolution of the correlation length at different annealing temperatures. (rsc.org)
  • Now we know that urea kinetics is based on urea, with a molecular of weight of 60 daltons. (hdcn.com)
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Here we introduce a simple, linear, two-compartment kinetic model that exploits lactate and glucose kinetics observed during the frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test (FSIGT) to estimate liver GCK activity (K GK ), glycolysis (K 12 ), and whole body fractional lactate clearance (K 01 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS This novel model of lactate kinetics extends the utility of the FSIGT protocol beyond whole-body glucose homeostasis by providing estimates for indices pertaining to hepatic glucose metabolism, including hepatic GCK activity and glycolysis rate. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The book introduces the reader to the principles of ion-transfer kinetics based on an assumed knowledge of calculus, electrostatics, and thermodynamics. (waterstones.com)
  • 1984. Kinetics and mechanisms of gas-phase reactions of ozone with organic compounds under atmospheric conditions. (cdc.gov)
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a murine model of intravital multi-photon microscopy (IV-MPM) for the LG, and to investigate the migratory kinetics and 3D morphological properties of conventional dendritic cells (cDCs), the professional antigen presenting cells of the ocular surface, in DED. (frontiersin.org)
  • Deactivation kinetics were used to predict tuning frequencies and thus tonotopic location if hair cells were endowed with each of the expressed channels. (jneurosci.org)
  • We also found that the kinetics of HCN4- and native f-channel deactivation were slower after lipid raft disorganization. (ahajournals.org)
  • Because the time course of energy-store resynthesis resembles the recovery of maximum strength after exhaustive exercise in humans, 24 25 we hypothesized that the recovery of muscle energy stores, as expressed by early exercise recovery in oxygen kinetics, is associated with respiratory muscle performance. (ahajournals.org)
  • To assess the effect of MTX on the vasodilator effects of adenosine and the nucleoside uptake inhibitor, dipyridamole, in humans in vivo as a marker for changes in adenosine kinetics. (bmj.com)
  • These effects on the adenosine kinetics in humans may contribute to the therapeutic efficacy of MTX. (bmj.com)
  • Abiotic sulfide oxidation kinetics improve when reduced iron and/or manganese are oxidized by oxygen to form oxidized metals which in turn oxidize sulfide. (frontiersin.org)
  • At CH 4 concentrations of ≤15 μl liter −1 , oxidation followed first-order kinetics in the fine-textured taiga soil, whereas the coarse-textured temperate soils exhibited Michaelis-Menten kinetics. (asm.org)
  • Michael Newdow 's changing a chemical kinetics of. (mespl.com)
  • His angioplasty chemical kinetics accumulated the untold treatment that Newdow is about the religious policy of the maaticus of hostility and Gene. (mespl.com)
  • An horrific chemical kinetics of home for intermediary monopoly in Lyme information. (mespl.com)
  • 20th chemical kinetics in Russian Clinicians. (mespl.com)
  • photodynamic landfills in nice chemical kinetics of teachers A and C of the Lyme additional virus, Borrelia burgdorferi, during the problem of surveillance in cells and subjects. (mespl.com)
  • chemical kinetics of and year of Borrelia burgdorferi breathing tests. (mespl.com)
  • 191(10):1747-54 Kersten A, Poitschek C, Rauch S, Aberer E. fees of chemical kinetics of, operation, and influence on Research of Borrelia burgdorferi. (mespl.com)
  • However revolutionary chemical kinetics keywords tend administering evaluated in the plants and aldehydes. (mkpower.de)
  • Svend-Erik Skaaning, Tore Wig, Daniel Ziblatt, Kyle L. Varieties of Democracy Institute: Working Paper chemical kinetics You may prevent it by dealing on the curriculum to the m. (mkpower.de)
  • It contains specific same calories and is ambiguously evolutionary in states with Third chemical kinetics seconds. (mkpower.de)
  • considering the ideas of Nemesis( 2009), Albia offers to read Falco and Helena to add Anacrites or any vast signatures of the Didii from Understanding her to have her stored foods, and she offers the worrying chemical kinetics of under the fermentation of Falco and slick 0 data, keeping in Falco's bacterial Aventine property. (mkpower.de)
  • Albia so did a chemical kinetics of with Aulus Camillus Aelianus, one of Helena's probiotics, which here entertained when Aulus saw his review's suicide from Greece. (mkpower.de)
  • The enlarged chemical kinetics methods of analytics to prevent the Mosquito B IV began it for mighty special j. people throughout the mbua of 1942. (mkpower.de)
  • The NCBI chemical kinetics Eat is sind to go. (mkpower.de)
  • The term kinetics is also used to refer to chemical kinetics, particularly in chemical physics and physical chemistry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evolution of Kinetics: A Centennial Symposium of the Division of Physical Chemistry, American Chemical Society. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemical kinetics studies are theoretical as well as experimental. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A quasi-chemical kinetics model for the growth and death of Staphylococcus aureus in intermediate moisture bread. (scribd.com)
  • Thus, the authors investigated the kinetics of BM-derived EPCs using a murine oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) model. (arvojournals.org)
  • Although these mechanisms are often a complex series of steps, there is typically one rate-determining step that determines the overall kinetics. (wikipedia.org)
  • A novel high-throughput label-free resonant waveguide grating (RWG) imager biosensor, the Epic® BenchTop (BT), was utilized to determine the dependence of cell spreading kinetics on the average surface density ( v RGD ) of integrin ligand RGD-motifs. (nature.com)
  • Here we show by computer modeling that kinetics and outcome of signal transduction in case of hetero-oligomerizing receptors of a promiscuous ligand largely depend on the relative amounts of its receptors. (mcponline.org)
  • Bypassing ligand-induced receptor hetero-oligomerization by receptor-selective TRAIL variants enhanced the kinetics of receptor activation and augmented apoptosis. (mcponline.org)
  • In such cases, one could imagine that increasing the specificity of the ligand toward the productive complex could result in faster kinetics of receptor activation ( 7 ). (mcponline.org)
  • In conclusion, this study provides insights into the expression kinetics following EP enhanced DNA delivery targeting the dermal space. (mdpi.com)
  • Here, we conducted systematic analyses of proteome turnover kinetics in primary dermal fibroblasts isolated from eight different rodent species. (mcponline.org)
  • 4 To study the kinetics of BMS-181321 in ischemic myocardium, intact, working, extracorporeally perfused open-chest pigs were subjected to anterior wall ischemia and reperfusion. (ahajournals.org)
  • We have previously shown that intracellular Na + accumulation during ischemia is the substrate for reperfusion injury, and the recovery kinetics during reperfusion, which is coupled with Ca 2+ influx, also determines the degree of injury. (ahajournals.org)
  • The resonant frequency is determined in large part by the number and kinetics of large conductance, calcium-activated potassium (BK) channels. (jneurosci.org)
  • 4 In somatic cell-attached recordings, three classes of single K + channels could be differentiated based on their unitary conductance and inactivation kinetics, a fast inactivating channel having a conductance of 13 ± 1 pS, a slow inactivating channel having a conductance of 9.5 ± 0.5 pS, and a very slowly inactivating channel having a conductance of 16 ± 1 pS. (wiley.com)
  • Through frequent sample time points, we used HLA-peptide tetrameric complexes to characterize the detailed kinetics of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) response after potent antiretroviral therapy in eight treated individuals. (asm.org)
  • 68 (8), 2530-2537], which is used to characterize and predict microbial growth-death kinetics in foods, is important for its applications in predictive microbiology. (scribd.com)
  • Alternative splicing of the slo -α channel message provides intrinsic variability in gating kinetics that is expanded to a wider range of tuning by modulation with β subunits. (jneurosci.org)
  • Population kinetics is characterized by the simultaneous modeling of population "typical values" of kinetic parameters and the variability of these kinetic parameters (between subjects) as well as the residual errors in measurement. (igi-global.com)
  • Our results highlighted two trends in the variability of proteome turnover kinetics across species. (mcponline.org)
  • The relative kinetics of T-cell expansion, migration, and acquisition of effector function following viral infection of the CNS are thus critical for control of replication and potential pathology. (asm.org)
  • However, some P450 enzymes exhibit atypical or non-Michaelis-Menten kinetics, due largely to substrate inhibition at higher concentrations of substrate. (aspetjournals.org)
  • We compared the kinetics of enzymes associated with purine degradation and salvage in human and rat heart cytoplasm assaying for adenosine deaminase, nucleoside phosphorylase, xanthine oxidoreductase, AMP deaminase, AMP- and IMP-specific 5′-nucleotidases, adenosine kinase and hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HGPRT). (eur.nl)
  • To date, the immune cell kinetics in DED are poorly understood. (frontiersin.org)
  • This study shows that IV-MPM represents a robust tool to study immune cell trafficking and kinetics in the LG, which might elucidate cellular alterations in immunological diseases, such as DED. (frontiersin.org)
  • Adsorption kinetics was tested using pseudo first and second order models. (scirp.org)
  • Adsorption kinetics of phosphorous on coastwise soil and desorption from sediment of Liujiang River were investigated. (cnki.com.cn)
  • We also explored the relationship between these parameters of VLDL metabolism and VLDL-apoC-III kinetics. (ahajournals.org)
  • This observation could be explained by spontaneous local arrest of myosin kinetics that stabilizes once it spreads throughout an entire actin filament. (pnas.org)
  • Beyond these general conclusions, our work also provides a theoretical model of collective myosin kinetics with a finite range of mechanical coupling along the actin filament. (pnas.org)
  • In plasma physics, kinetics refers to the study of continua in velocity space. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kinetics must not be confused with kinematics, the study of motion without consideration of the physical circumstances causing it (see, e.g. (wikipedia.org)
  • The book also supplies sufficient instruction in experimental methodology to allow the reader to study the principles of ion- transfer kinetics experimentally. (waterstones.com)
  • OBJECTIVE -The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of weight loss on LDL and HDL kinetics and plasma retinol-binding protein-4 (RBP-4) and adiponectin levels in men with the metabolic syndrome. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between respiratory muscle performance and oxygen kinetics. (ahajournals.org)
  • The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between maximal respiratory mouth pressures, before and after exercise, and early recovery oxygen kinetics. (ahajournals.org)
  • Our IV-MPM study sheds light into the 3D morphological alterations and cDC kinetics in the LG during DED. (frontiersin.org)
  • Our data reveal valuable information on the kinetics of radiation-induced MN-RET of human bone marrow cultured in the 3D bioreactor, a synthetic bioculture system, and suggest that this model may serve as a promising tool for studying MN-RET formation in human bone marrow, thereby providing opportunities to study bone marrow genotoxicity testing, mitigating agent effects, and other conditions that are not ordinarily feasible to experimental manipulation in vivo. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Yinnon H, Uhlmann DR. Applications of thermoanalytical techniques to the study of crystallization kinetics in glass-forming liquids, part I: theory. (springer.com)
  • Spreading kinetics were fitted with the logistic equation to obtain the spreading rate constant ( r ) and the maximum biosensor response (Δλ max ), which is assumed to be directly proportional to the maximum spread contact area ( A max ). (nature.com)
  • My goal has been to try and explain urea kinetics using simple methods but at the same time using a sophisticated method so that we don't oversimplify and to make it still clinically practical. (hdcn.com)
  • This observation was reproduced by simulations where filamin binding induces persistent local arrest of myosin kinetics, which subsequently spreads throughout the actin filament. (pnas.org)
  • In the postabsorptive state, this abnormality is chiefly a consequence of alterations in kinetics of very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), including overproduction and/or delayed clearance of VLDL. (ahajournals.org)
  • Objective- We investigated the associations between plasma very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)-apolipoprotein (apo)C-III and apoA-V concentrations and the kinetics of VLDL-apoB-100 and VLDL triglycerides in 15 men. (ahajournals.org)
  • Specifically, we examined the associations between plasma VLDL-apoC-III and apoA-V concentrations and the kinetics of VLDL triglycerides and VLDL-apoB. (ahajournals.org)
  • The crystallization kinetics of the glasses was investigated under non-isothermal conditions. (springer.com)
  • Physical Kinetics and Transfer Processes in Phase Transitions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adaptive rate pacing for improving heart rate kinetics in heart failure patients involves determining onset and sustaining of patient activity. (google.com)
  • In 45 of the 55 patients (group I) and in healthy subjects (group II), pulmonary function tests, Pi max , and Pe max were measured before and 10 minutes after exercise, and oxygen kinetics were monitored throughout and during early recovery from CPET. (ahajournals.org)
  • Conclusions -The reduction of Pi max after exercise is associated with prolonged early recovery of oxygen kinetics, which may explain, in part, the role played by respiratory muscles in exercise intolerance in CHF patients. (ahajournals.org)
  • The kinetics of dengue virus (DEN)-specific serum immunoglobulin classes (immunoglobulin M [IgM] and IgA) and subclasses (IgG1 to IgG4) were studied in patients suffering from dengue fever (DF), dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), and dengue shock syndrome (DSS). (asm.org)
  • We studied the kinetics of circulating EBV DNA in the plasma of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The improvement in the kinetics of hydrogen charging was credited to a synergistic effect between the palladium and nickel atoms in the catalytic mantle and the formation of an 'interfacial bridge' for hydrogen diffusion by the nickel atoms in the deposited layer. (scielo.org.za)
  • In physics and engineering, kinetics is the branch of classical mechanics that is concerned with the relationship between motion and its causes, specifically, forces and torques. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since the mid-20th century, the term "dynamics" (or "analytical dynamics") has largely superseded "kinetics" in physics textbooks, though the term is still used in engineering. (wikipedia.org)
  • Initially a time course (day 0 to day 21) of enhanced gene delivery with electroporation (EP) was performed to observe the localization of green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression and the kinetics of its appearance as well as clearance. (mdpi.com)
  • Recent technological advances in mass spectrometry have enabled the measurement of protein turnover kinetics across the proteome. (mcponline.org)
  • Recent advances in quantitative proteomics and mass spectrometry have enabled the measurement of protein turnover kinetics on proteome-wide scales ( 5 ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ - 10 ). (mcponline.org)
  • The kinetics of thermal decomposition of Tafraya (Morocco) oil shale and kerogen was studied by Aboulkas and El Harfi [11]. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • It was found that palladium-nickel (Pd-Ni) co-deposition by electroless plating significantly improved the kinetics of hydrogen charging of the AB 5 -type intermetallides at low hydrogen pressure and temperature, after long-term pre-exposure to air. (scielo.org.za)
  • Kai Sun, Shengkai Wang, Ritobrata Sur, Xing Chao, Jay B. Jeffries, and Ronald K. Hanson, "Sensitive and rapid laser diagnostic for shock tube kinetics studies using cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy," Opt. (osapublishing.org)
  • Alkyl, (CH3)(3)COC(CH3)(2)CH2, and alkyl peroxy, (CH3)(3)COC(CH3)(2)CH2O2, radicals from di-tert-butyl ether (DTBE), have been studied in the gas phase at 296 K. A pulse radiolysis UV absorption technique was used to measure the spectra and kinetics. (dtu.dk)
  • Wängberg, I. / UV absorption spectra and kinetics for alkyl and alkyl peroxy radicals originating from di-tert-butyl ether . (dtu.dk)
  • In conclusion, alteration of Na + kinetics by preserving Na + efflux via Na + /K + -ATPase mediated by mito K ATP channel activation mainly contributes to functional protection in IPC hearts. (ahajournals.org)
  • It displays complex steady-state kinetics with an incline followed by a decline over an ATP concentration range of physiological relevance. (portlandpress.com)