Water Quality: A rating of a body of water based on measurable physical, chemical, and biological characteristics.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Water Purification: Any of several processes in which undesirable impurities in water are removed or neutralized; for example, chlorination, filtration, primary treatment, ion exchange, and distillation. It includes treatment of WASTE WATER to provide potable and hygienic water in a controlled or closed environment as well as provision of public drinking water supplies.Drinking Water: Water that is intended to be ingested.Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Bathing Beaches: Beaches, both natural and man-made, used for bathing and other activities.Water Pollutants: Substances or organisms which pollute the water or bodies of water. Use for water pollutants in general or those for which there is no specific heading.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Biological Oxygen Demand Analysis: Testing for the amount of biodegradable organic material in a water sample by measuring the quantity of oxygen consumed by biodegradation of those materials over a specific time period.Water Movements: The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Eutrophication: The enrichment of a terrestrial or aquatic ECOSYSTEM by the addition of nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, that results in a superabundant growth of plants, ALGAE, or other primary producers. It can be a natural process or result from human activity such as agriculture runoff or sewage pollution. In aquatic ecosystems, an increase in the algae population is termed an algal bloom.Lakes: Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.Water SofteningBody Water: Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.Recreation: Activity engaged in for pleasure.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Filtration: A process of separating particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or a liquid, by passing the fluid carrier through a medium that will not pass the particulates. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Water Resources: Environmental reservoirs of water related to natural WATER CYCLE by which water is obtained for various purposes. This includes but is not limited to watersheds, aquifers and springs.Sewage: Refuse liquid or waste matter carried off by sewers.Enterobacteriaceae: A family of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that do not form endospores. Its organisms are distributed worldwide with some being saprophytes and others being plant and animal parasites. Many species are of considerable economic importance due to their pathogenic effects on agriculture and livestock.Water Pollution, Chemical: Adverse effect upon bodies of water (LAKES; RIVERS; seas; groundwater etc.) caused by CHEMICAL WATER POLLUTANTS.Enterococcus: A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria consisting of organisms causing variable hemolysis that are normal flora of the intestinal tract. Previously thought to be a member of the genus STREPTOCOCCUS, it is now recognized as a separate genus.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Waste Water: Contaminated water generated as a waste product of human activity.Sanitation: The development and establishment of environmental conditions favorable to the health of the public.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Groundwater: Liquid water present beneath the surface of the earth.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Chlorine: A greenish-yellow, diatomic gas that is a member of the halogen family of elements. It has the atomic symbol Cl, atomic number 17, and atomic weight 70.906. It is a powerful irritant that can cause fatal pulmonary edema. Chlorine is used in manufacturing, as a reagent in synthetic chemistry, for water purification, and in the production of chlorinated lime, which is used in fabric bleaching.Phytoplankton: Free-floating minute organisms that are photosynthetic. The term is non-taxonomic and refers to a lifestyle (energy utilization and motility), rather than a particular type of organism. Most, but not all, are unicellular algae. Important groups include DIATOMS; DINOFLAGELLATES; CYANOBACTERIA; CHLOROPHYTA; HAPTOPHYTA; CRYPTOMONADS; and silicoflagellates.Swimming PoolsRain: Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Life Support Systems: Systems that provide all or most of the items necessary for maintaining life and health. Provisions are made for the supplying of oxygen, food, water, temperature and pressure control, disposition of carbon dioxide and body waste. The milieu may be a spacecraft, a submarine, or the surface of the moon. In medical care, usually under hospital conditions, LIFE SUPPORT CARE is available. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary)Drinking: The consumption of liquids.Satellite Communications: Communications using an active or passive satellite to extend the range of radio, television, or other electronic transmission by returning signals to earth from an orbiting satellite.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Invertebrates: Animals that have no spinal column.Enterococcaceae: A family of gram-positive bacteria in the order Lactobacillales, phylum Firmicutes.Gas, Natural: A combustible, gaseous mixture of low-molecular weight PARAFFIN hydrocarbons, generated below the surface of the earth. It contains mostly METHANE and ETHANE with small amounts of PROPANE; BUTANES; and higher hydrocarbons, and sometimes NITROGEN; CARBON DIOXIDE; HYDROGEN SULFIDE; and HELIUM. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Hydrology: Science dealing with the properties, distribution, and circulation of water on and below the earth's surface, and atmosphere.Bacterial Load: Measurable quantity of bacteria in an object, organism, or organism compartment.Environmental Policy: A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.Colony Count, Microbial: Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.Household Articles: Various material objects and items in the home. It includes temporary or permanent machinery and appliances. It does not include furniture or interior furnishings (FURNITURE see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS; INTERIOR FURNISHINGS see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS).Aquaculture: Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Geologic Sediments: A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Dental Equipment: The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)Cryptosporidium: A genus of coccidian parasites of the family CRYPTOSPORIDIIDAE, found in the intestinal epithelium of many vertebrates including humans.Industrial Waste: Worthless, damaged, defective, superfluous or effluent material from industrial operations.Bays: An area of water mostly surrounded by land, usually smaller than a gulf, and affording access to the sea.FloridaQuality Improvement: The attainment or process of attaining a new level of performance or quality.TajikistanDiarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Ecological Systems, Closed: Systems that provide for the maintenance of life in an isolated living chamber through reutilization of the material available, in particular, by means of a cycle wherein exhaled carbon dioxide, urine, and other waste matter are converted chemically or by photosynthesis into oxygen, water, and food. (NASA Thesaurus, 1988)Environmental Pollution: Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.Manure: Accumulations of solid or liquid animal excreta usually from stables and barnyards with or without litter material. Its chief application is as a fertilizer. (From Webster's 3d ed)United States Environmental Protection Agency: An agency in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. It was created as an independent regulatory agency responsible for the implementation of federal laws designed to protect the environment. Its mission is to protect human health and the ENVIRONMENT.Ecological and Environmental Processes: Ecosystem and environmental activities, functions, or events.Phosphorus: A non-metal element that has the atomic symbol P, atomic number 15, and atomic weight 31. It is an essential element that takes part in a broad variety of biochemical reactions.Nephelometry and Turbidimetry: Chemical analysis based on the phenomenon whereby light, passing through a medium with dispersed particles of a different refractive index from that of the medium, is attenuated in intensity by scattering. In turbidimetry, the intensity of light transmitted through the medium, the unscattered light, is measured. In nephelometry, the intensity of the scattered light is measured, usually, but not necessarily, at right angles to the incident light beam.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Human Activities: Activities performed by humans.Disinfection: Rendering pathogens harmless through the use of heat, antiseptics, antibacterial agents, etc.Methanobrevibacter: A genus of gram-positive, anaerobic, cocci to short rod-shaped ARCHAEA, in the family METHANOBACTERIACEAE, order METHANOBACTERIALES. They are found in the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or other anoxic environments.Micropore Filters: A membrane or barrier with micrometer sized pores used for separation purification processes.Fertilizers: Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.Nitrates: Inorganic or organic salts and esters of nitric acid. These compounds contain the NO3- radical.Ecotoxicology: The study of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION and the toxic effects of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS on the ECOSYSTEM. The term was coined by Truhaut in 1969.Lesotho: A kingdom in southern Africa, within the republic of SOUTH AFRICA. Its capital is Maseru.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Hygiene: The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Zooplankton: Minute free-floating animal organisms which live in practically all natural waters.Swimming: An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.Metals, Heavy: Metals with high specific gravity, typically larger than 5. They have complex spectra, form colored salts and double salts, have a low electrode potential, are mainly amphoteric, yield weak bases and weak acids, and are oxidizing or reducing agents (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Total Quality Management: The application of industrial management practice to systematically maintain and improve organization-wide performance. Effectiveness and success are determined and assessed by quantitative quality measures.Giardia: A genus of flagellate intestinal EUKARYOTES parasitic in various vertebrates, including humans. Characteristics include the presence of four pairs of flagella arising from a complicated system of axonemes and cysts that are ellipsoidal to ovoidal in shape.Cities: A large or important municipality of a country, usually a major metropolitan center.Ecology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Oocysts: Zygote-containing cysts of sporozoan protozoa. Further development in an oocyst produces small individual infective organisms called SPOROZOITES. Then, depending on the genus, the entire oocyst is called a sporocyst or the oocyst contains multiple sporocysts encapsulating the sporozoites.Inorganic Chemicals: A broad class of substances encompassing all those that do not include carbon and its derivatives as their principal elements. However, carbides, carbonates, cyanides, cyanates, and carbon disulfide are included in this class.City Planning: Comprehensive planning for the physical development of the city.United StatesWaste Disposal, Fluid: The discarding or destroying of liquid waste products or their transformation into something useful or innocuous.Coral Reefs: Marine ridges composed of living CORALS, coral skeletons, calcareous algae, and other organisms, mixed with minerals and organic matter. They are found most commonly in tropical waters and support other animal and plant life.Water Deprivation: The withholding of water in a structured experimental situation.Great Lakes Region: The geographic area of the Great Lakes in general and when the specific state or states are not indicated. It usually includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Arsenic: A shiny gray element with atomic symbol As, atomic number 33, and atomic weight 75. It occurs throughout the universe, mostly in the form of metallic arsenides. Most forms are toxic. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), arsenic and certain arsenic compounds have been listed as known carcinogens. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Nitrobacter: A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria that oxidizes nitrites to nitrates. Its organisms occur in aerobic environments where organic matter is being mineralized, including soil, fresh water, and sea water.Tidal Waves: Water waves caused by the gravitational interactions between the EARTH; MOON; and SUN.BrazilTemperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.EcuadorQuestionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Health ResortsTropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Biota: The spectrum of different living organisms inhabiting a particular region, habitat, or biotope.Agricultural Irrigation: The routing of water to open or closed areas where it is used for agricultural purposes.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Disasters: Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Geographic Information Systems: Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.Disinfectants: Substances used on inanimate objects that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. Disinfectants are classed as complete, destroying SPORES as well as vegetative forms of microorganisms, or incomplete, destroying only vegetative forms of the organisms. They are distinguished from ANTISEPTICS, which are local anti-infective agents used on humans and other animals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Food Quality: Ratings of the characteristics of food including flavor, appearance, nutritional content, and the amount of microbial and chemical contamination.Halogenation: Covalent attachment of HALOGENS to other compounds.NicaraguaOrganic Chemicals: A broad class of substances containing carbon and its derivatives. Many of these chemicals will frequently contain hydrogen with or without oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and other elements. They exist in either carbon chain or carbon ring form.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Gastrointestinal Diseases: Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Refuse Disposal: The discarding or destroying of garbage, sewage, or other waste matter or its transformation into something useful or innocuous.Enterovirus: A genus of the family PICORNAVIRIDAE whose members preferentially inhabit the intestinal tract of a variety of hosts. The genus contains many species. Newly described members of human enteroviruses are assigned continuous numbers with the species designated "human enterovirus".Bacteroidetes: A phylum of bacteria comprised of three classes: Bacteroides, Flavobacteria, and Sphingobacteria.Epidemiological Monitoring: Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.Nebraska
Official website "Nebraska Long Pine Creek (RCWP 17)". NCSU Water Quality Group. Retrieved 2006-12-19. ... "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. "Census of Population ...
McGraw-Hill, 1979 Water quality. Addison-Wesley, 1985 Wastewater Engineering. Mcgraw-Hill College, November 1990 Integrated ... National Water Research Institute, page 12. Dr. George Tchobanoglous Is Awarded the 2003 Clarke Prize], National Water Research ... National Water Research Institute, pages 2-14. "George Tchobanoglous, PhD, P.E" (PDF). National Water Research Institute. ... "Shaping Future Water Policy: The Role of Science". Environmental Science and Policy Program at Michigan State University. ...
2008 Annual Drinking Water Quality Report; City of Pearl; PWS ID# 0610017. City of Pearl Water Department. 2008. ,access-date= ... According to its 2008 Annual Drinking Water Quality Report, Pearl's drinking water comes from the Sparta Sand Aquifer via nine ... The Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality operates the Central Regional Office and the MDEQ Laboratory in ... "Locations and Driving Directions to MDEQ Offices." Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality. Retrieved on September 21, ...
"Hacking River". NSW Water Quality and River Flow Objectives. Government of New South Wales. 1 May 2006. Retrieved 20 August ... The Gewagal people lived mainly by the salt water bays and estuaries of Port Hacking, they also used the fresh water resources ... has also impacted on water quality in the river, resulting in increased turbidity and algal growth. Within the Royal National ... The waters of both creeks combine in the valley below, forming the Hacking River. Kellys Creek rises about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi ...
Aro, Susan (22 May 2014). "EMB-DENR pushes for designation of Bued River as water quality management area". Philippine ... Fontanilla, Giovani Joy (29 June 2014). "Bued pressed as water quality management area". Sun.Star Baguio. Retrieved 3 October ... McManus, edited by Liana T.; Thia-Eng, Chua (1990). The Coastal environmental profile of Lingayen Gulf, Philippines. Manila, ...
p. 4. Keating, Michael (8 June 1983). "How safe water quality fight faces complex labyrinth". The Globe and Mail. p. 4. ... In 1982, Charlton proposed a bill called the Safe Drinking Water Act that would have protected water sources for human ... The NDP won a majority government in the 1990 provincial election, and Charlton was re-elected by a landslide. After the ... Brennan, Richard (2 October 1990). "The new era has started: A cabinet of just regular folks". The Windsor Star. p. A1. "Firing ...
Flowerfield Creek water quality data, Kalamazoo County Environmental Health Bureau. Flowerfield Creek Nature Sanctuary, ... Surface water features include Harrison and Paw Paw Lakes in the northern part of the township. Much of the township lies ... is water. There are no incorporated or unincorporated communities within the boundaries of the township. A village named ... Swartz (1990), p. 8. James C. Woodruff. "LaSalle's Walk on the Wild Side", Michigan History, vol. 83, no. 2 (1999), p. 6-15. ...
Schmoll, Oliver (2006). Protecting Groundwater for Health: Managing the Quality of Drinking-Water Sources. World Health ... so the public water supply for that city was changed over to using water from the Shashe Dam. The Shashe Dam water works, off ... The dam shows traces of human pollution such as litter around and in the water. In February 2009 the Water Utilities ... Water from the dam is brought to Selebi-Phikwe by an underground pipeline. In 1982 it was found that groundwater from the local ...
Samorn Muttamara, S. & Sales, C. L. (1994). Water quality management of the Chao Phraya River (a case study). Environmental ... within its range and it is suspected it is sensitive to water quality. Vidthayanon, C. (2011). "Balantiocheilos ambusticauda". ... Paper presented to the 4th Conference of the International Water History Association, December 2005, Paris. Allen, D.J.; Smith ... Humphrey, S.R. & Bain, J.R. (1990). Endangered animals of Thailand. Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville, 468 pp. ...
Electric power production, improvement of water quality and regulation of flooding wave.) Morava - Vardar (Axios) Navigation ... Many of them don't carry much water, but in rainy years, they are known for causing major floods, which has been a big problem ... Today, the most distant water source in the Morava watershed is the source of the Ibar River, the right and longest tributary ... Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6 PIM "Ivan Milutinović ...
1994). Water quality report to Congress for calendar years 1992 and 1993. Montgomery, Alabama. 111 pp. Alabama Department of ... Impounded waters also experience changes in water chemistry, which could affect survival or reproduction of riverine snails. ... Water quality report to Congress for calendar years 1994 and 1995. Montgomery, Alabama. 144 pp. Heller J. (1990). "Longevity in ... For example, many reservoirs in the Basin currently experience eutrophic (enrichment of a water body with nutrients) conditions ...
Electric power production, improvement of water quality and regulation of flooding wave.) Morava - Vardar (Axios) Navigation ... Water is also used for the irrigation and for the same purpose the artificial lake Parmenac is created on the river, thus ... Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6 PIM "Ivan Milutinović ...
Electric power production, improvement of water quality and regulation of flooding wave.) Morava - Vardar (Axios) Navigation ... its waters are used for irrigation. The most important role river valley has in transportation. It is the natural route for ... Marković (1990): "Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije"; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6 PIM "Ivan ...
... the quality of the water and sand has improved dramatically. The water quality at the beach is tested daily, and is clean to ... While warm water can often be experienced from early July to early September, there can be prolonged periods where water ... Woodbine beach is the westernmost beach in the Beaches, and the series of beaches extend east until the RC Harris Water ... temperature drops to around 10C, due to the upward swirl of chilly deep-lake water (thus unrelated to air temperature). Wild ...
Electric power production, improvement of water quality and regulation of flooding wave.) Morava - Vardar (Axios) Navigation ... Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6 PIM "Ivan Milutinović ...
Electric power production, improvement of water quality and regulation of flooding wave.) Morava - Vardar (Axios) Navigation ... and the surrounding areas are known for their high-quality vineyards. There is also a huge quarry in the gorge ('Ostrovica'), ... Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6 PIM "Ivan Milutinović ...
Hydrology and Water Quality of Whitewater and Rice Lakes in Southeastern Wisconsin. Madison, Wis.: U.S. Geological Survey ( ... The area is also managed by the Whitewater-Rice Lakes Management District, which concerns itself with lake water quality and ... The lake dam is concrete, about 10 feet wide, and when water crests the dam, it flows into Whitewater Creek, which drains into ... Fifty-seven percent more of the lake inflow is from ground water in the ground adjacent the lake. Precipitation (rain, snow, ...
"Water Quality Factors" (PDF). Fairfax County Comprehensive Plan, 2011 edition. County of Fairfax, Virginia. p. 23. Retrieved ... is water. As a suburb of Washington, D.C., Tysons Corner is a part of both the Washington Metropolitan Area and the larger ... "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. "Virginia Official ...
"Variations between continuous and spot-sampling techniques in monitoring a change in river-water quality". Water and ... Standard water quality of Mole and its tributaries has improved since the 1990s. In 1990 the Environment Agency assessed 23% of ... During the second half of the 20th century pollution levels in the river were high, however since 1995 the water quality has ... Water is able to flow out of the river through swallow holes in the bed and banks, decreasing the volume of water carried in ...
... Water Quality Profile Kay Ransom, C. Michael Hogan, Ballard George et al., Environmental Impact Report for the ... However, since the onset of intensive immigration in the mid-1850s, the water quality has diminished, partly due to overgrazing ... Despite the poor aesthetics including turbidity, the water quality is not particularly poor. It has been alleged that the ... The State Water Resources Control Board. Retrieved June 24, 2010. Prunuske Chatham, Inc. (February 1999). Fisheries Enhancement ...
Washington State Department of Ecology water quality monitoring station 43A070: Crab Creek at Irby. ... ISBN 978-0-918664-00-6. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04- ...
It also protects the water quality of the creek by functioning as a retention basin to trap sediment from storm-water runoff. ... The dredging project will improve water quality, as well as boating and fishing conditions. In 2010, lake waters tested ... Lake waters are inhabited by largemouth bass, catfish, bluegill, crappie, and trout. With a license, fishing is permitted. Lake ... The toxin was also reported in the water in 2012-2017. Approximately 50 bright yellow signs are posted along trails around the ...
Eloranta, P.; Kwandrans, J. (2004). "Indicator value of freshwater red algae in running waters for water quality assessment" ( ... A few freshwater species are found in black waters with sandy bottoms and even fewer are found in more lentic waters. Both ... The vast majority of these are marine with about 200 that live only in fresh water. Some examples of species and genera of red ... "Dulse: Palmaria palmata". Quality Sea Veg. Retrieved 2007-06-28. T. F. Mumford & A. Muira (1988). "Porphyra as food: ...
Annual runoff is 10,550,000,000 cubic metres (3.73×1011 cu ft). Water quality is good, with little discharge of sewage and ... "Tibet's biggest water-related project launched". China Tibet Online. 2009-08-06. Retrieved 2015-02-05. "Tibet's largest water ... Tibet's largest water project ... 2011. Tibet's biggest water-related project launched. Qin 2013. Bishop, Peter (2008-07-25). ... Prior to 2011, waste water from Lhasa was discharged untreated into the river. A waste water treatment plant designed to ...
Environmental improvements at Lakeview in recent years included recycling fly ash and safeguarding water quality. The station's ... 1990-1993: $1.1 billion was invested in rehabilitation to increase efficiency and reliability, and the addition of acid gas ... 1984: Launch of acid gas control program and commitment to cutting emissions in half by 1990. 1986: "War on acid gas emissions ... 1989: Hydro announces a major Lakeview rehabilitation between 1990 and 1994, including the addition of acid gas control ...
... increased retention of salt and water by the kidneys, and inappropriate regulation of metabolism by the central nervous system. ... "Carbohydrate quality and human health: a series of systematic reviews and meta-analyses". Lancet. 393 (10170): 434-445. doi ... "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990-2015 ...
Bathing water quality in Europe 1990 - 2013 This website has limited functionality with javascript off. Please make sure ... www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/daviz/bathing-water-quality-in-europe or scan the QR code. ...
Water quality - Determination of sulfate - Gravimetric method using barium chloride ... ISO 9280:1990. Water quality - Determination of sulfate - Gravimetric method using barium chloride. ... 50.20 1990-08-07 Proof sent to secretariat or FDIS ballot initiated: 8 weeks ...
... efforts and achieve a unified coastal water monitoring programme for all waters around the United Kingdom. ... Estuarine water quality monitoring around the estuaries and sea loughs of Northern Ireland and offshore sites (1990-). ... Transmittance and attenuance of the water column; Bacteria taxonomic abundance in water bodies; Electrical conductivity of the ... water column; Chlorophyll pigment concentrations in water bodies; Dissolved oxygen parameters in the water column; Particulate ...
... stacked bars show percentage of bathing water quality for coastal and inland waters together. Number of bathing waters within ... stacked bars show percentage of bathing water quality for coastal and inland waters together. Number of bathing waters within ... stacked bars show percentage of bathing water quality for coastal and inland waters together. Number of bathing waters within ... stacked bars show percentage of bathing water quality for coastal and inland waters together. Number of bathing waters within ...
Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) is a key parameter for assessing water quality BOD is an indicator of the amount of ... The advantages of the BOD microsensor of the present invention include, but are not limited to, a portable water quality ... High chlorination will also result in corrosion of water distribution systems and adds odor to water. Thus, to ensure the ... Chlorination is a cheap and reliable water treatment technique. In the United States, water borne disease has been controlled ...
... production and growth of fish therein and for circulating water therethrough at a rate designed to provide a high rate of water ... waste food and excrement from the water. In addition, parallel flow paths from these filters through a protein skimmer and an ... A filtration and circulation system for maintaining the water quality in a fish tank favorable for promoting the ... ultraviolet sterilizer section, respectively, are provided for lower volume treatment of the water being circulated ...
... and the water-soluble salt of the oxyacid (B) is in a range of 0. 1˜10 parts by weight against 100 parts by weight of the water ... is mixed with a water-absorbent polymer (II) in a proportion of that the water-soluble salt of the polyvalent metal (A) is in a ... which is obtained by mixing in an aqueous medium at least one kind of a water-soluble salt (A) selected from a group of ... with at least one kind of a water-soluble salt (B) selected from a group of monovalent metal salts and ammonium salts, which ...
We investigated the sources and effects of nutrient inputs by comparing water quality at shallow (< 2m deep) nearshore (within ... Summer-Fall Water Quality Is More Indicative of Eutrophication Than Spring. Water quality changes seasonally in Chesapeake Bay ... Second, water quality is very different in nearshore shallow waters than in adjacent stratified estuarine waters. Sampling ... Despite the effects of estuarine mixing, water quality in shallow nearshore waters is very distinct from that of deeper waters ...
Issue paper (Washington (State). Puget Sound Water Quality Authority)). Contributor. Washington (State). Puget Sound Water ... Puget Sound Water Quality Authority, 1990 - Oil pollution of the sea - 126 pages ... agencies Alaska amended barges cargo chemical Clean Water Act comm contingency plans coordinated crude oil damage assessment ... regulations release requirements Resources Management Act response plans Rosario Strait safety Seattle Sound Water Quality SPCC ...
AGU maintains the highest quality standards and promotes best practices across our peer-reviewed journals and books. ... 0495 Water/energy interactions (1878). 0496 Water quality. 0497 Wetlands (1890). 0498 General or miscellaneous. 0499 New fields ... 1876 Water budgets. 1878 Water/energy interactions (0495). 1879 Watershed. 1880 Water management (6334). 1884 Water supply. ... 1831 Groundwater quality. 1830 Groundwater/surface water interaction. 1832 Groundwater transport. 1834 Human impacts (4323). ...
Field/Lab water-quality samples. 1973-05-24 2017-09-05 97 ... Email questions about this site to Pennsylvania Water Science ... Annual Water-Data Report (pdf) **offsite**. 2006 2013 8 OPERATION:. Record for this site is maintained by the USGS Pennsylvania ... Page Contact Information: Pennsylvania Water Data Support Team. Page Last Modified: 2018-03-19 01:08:53 EDT. 0.26 0.25 sdww01. ...
Water quality - Measurement of gross alpha and gross beta activity in non-saline water - Thin source deposit method ... Water quality - Measurement of gross alpha and beta activity concentration in non-saline water - Liquid scintillation counting ... Water quality - Determination of turbidity - Part 2: Semi-quantitative methods for the assessment of transparency of waters ... Water quality - Measurement of gross alpha activity in non-saline water - Thick source method ...
Water Quality and Groundwater Contamination. To reach a realistic baseline on water quality nationally, chemical and physical ... Water quality has deteriorated because of the disposal of wastes in streams, lakes, and aquifers, and water salinity has ... Water Quality. Water circulates through the hydrologic cycle, dissolving elements, sometimes carrying them over great distances ... The water flows through the region months before the optimal time for watering crops. Storage of water-either in artificial ...
2008 Annual Drinking Water Quality Report; City of Pearl; PWS ID# 0610017. City of Pearl Water Department. 2008. ,access-date= ... According to its 2008 Annual Drinking Water Quality Report, Pearls drinking water comes from the Sparta Sand Aquifer via nine ... The Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality operates the Central Regional Office and the MDEQ Laboratory in ... "Locations and Driving Directions to MDEQ Offices." Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality. Retrieved on September 21, ...
Official website "Nebraska Long Pine Creek (RCWP 17)". NCSU Water Quality Group. Retrieved 2006-12-19. ... "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. "Census of Population ...
The papers cover the effect of water quality on urban rivers, long-term water quality trends in the Trinity River, solutions ... How Healthy is the Upper Trinity River?: Biological and Water Quality Perspectives Description: This conference report contains ... that may improve water quality in the river, as well as biological, agricultural and waste-water issues. ... It has profound effects on human health, animals, plants, microorganisms, materials and on air quality. Thus any perturbation ...
The paper reports on how various microbial parameters correlated with modelled water ages and were influenced by water ... to identify relationships that are not discernible using univariate and/or linear analysis methods for drinking water quality. ... Understanding and managing water quality in drinking water distribution system is essential for public health and wellbeing, ... Keywords: drinking water distribution; water quality; water age; SOM drinking water distribution; water quality; water age; SOM ...
... water quality, aquatic, water self-purification, toxicology, detergents, surfactants, environmental safety, education, ... papers, books, articles, ecology, environmental, science, biology, water quality, aquatic, bibliography of Sergei Ostroumov, ... papers, books, articles, ecology, environmental, science, biology, water quality, aquatic, bibliography of Dr. Sergei Ostroumov ... water quality.-Ecologica, 2009, vol. 16, No. 54, p. 25-32 SA OSTROUMOV AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM UPGRADES WATER QUALITY: MULTI-FACTOR ...
... leading to delays in the fulfillment of the Water Framework... ... for the classification of ecological status in marine water ... Establishing the ecological quality status of soft-bottom mining-impacted coastal water bodies in the scope of the Water ... Durán I, Beiras R, (2013) Ecotoxicologically based marine acute Water Quality Criteria for metals intended for protection of ... eds.) (2009) Water Framework Directive intercalibration technical report. Part 3: coastal and transitional waters. JRC ...
Chapter 15: water fluoridation. In: Pontius FW, ed. Water quality and treatment: a handbook of community water supplies. 4th ed ... Consecutive water system: A public water system that buys water from another public water system. For purposes of water ... the public water system that is representative of the water quality in the water system. ... that buys water from another public water system) that purchase water from fluoridated water systems; and ...
The lake also collects water from numerous small streams in the Khirthar Mountains. The area of the lake fluctuates during the ... Key words: Contamination, waste, pollution, environment, fresh water. ... Manchar Lake is the largest fresh water lake in Pakistan, situated in Jamshoro District. It was created in the 1930 when the ... Water quality assessment of Manchar Lake during the month of August and November 2011 by analyzing selected trace elements. ...
Quality Control Laboratory. *Water Quality Control Laboratory. The three remaining laboratories in question at Paxon Polymer ... However, this is a question of fact, and each particular quality control laboratory must be evaluated within the context of ... Clearly there may be some circumstances where a laboratory, even though it may be called a quality control laboratory, meets ... The preamble to the final rule indicates that "most quality control laboratories are not expected to meet the qualification for ...
Water Quality Bulletin 13:13-26.. Okun, D. 1994. The Role of Reclamation and Reuse in Addressing Community Water Needs in ... Quality Criteria for Water Reuse. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.. National Research Council. 1983. Drinking Water ... Saline ground water and its influence on water quality in Israel. Hydrological Service of Israel, Jerusalem. Rep. 1993/6. P. 30 ... Ground Water Recharge Using Waters of Impaired Quality. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. ...
WATER-QUALITY RECORDS. PERIOD OF RECORD - Water years 1951-79, 1990-96, 2002 to current year. ... For water years 2014 onward, choose a water year and parameter and an on-demand Water-Year Summary report will be generated. ... For water years 2006 through 2013, choose a water year and an Annual Water Data Report will be provided. ... Click to hide Water-Year Summary instructions and information * Water-Year Summary reports summarize a year of hydrologic data ...
  • Jordan's water resources and the expected domestic demand by the years 2000 and 2010, detailed. (nap.edu)
  • 2008 . Directive 2008/105/EC of the European Parliament, of the Council of 16 December 2008 on environmental quality standards in the field of water policy,amending,subsequently repealing Council Directives 82/176/EEC,83/513/EEC,84/156/EEC,84/491/EEC,86/280/EEC,amending Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament,of the Council. (wiley.com)
  • Common Implementation Strategy for the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC), Guidance Document No. 27. (wiley.com)
  • By the year 2000 private water corporations operated in 100 countries and 10% of the world's water was privatised. (utexas.edu)
  • In 2000 the World Bank, the UN and some of the largest water corporations met at the second World Water Forum, in Den Haag, Netherlands. (utexas.edu)
  • McBain and Trush (2000) concluded that measuring permeability defined 'the variability in spawning gravel quality with better resolution and at lower cost than substrate composition analysis, but the relationship between permeability and salmonid egg survival is less well known. (krisweb.com)
  • Today's final rule addresses a statutory requirement of the 1996 Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) Amendments to promulgate a regulation which "governs" the recycling of filter backwash water within the treatment process of PWSs. (federalregister.gov)
  • Particles added to the water by certain treatment processes, such as powdered activated carbon (Brazos and O'Conner, 1996) and sand particles, alum or iron flocs and bio- particles originating from biofilters (Ahmad and Amirtharajah, 1998). (scielo.org.za)
  • The first two of these partnerships, the Global Water Partnership (GWP) and the World Water Council (WWC) were formed in 1996 with Ismail Serageldin, the World Bank Vice-President, in the chair of the WWC. (utexas.edu)
  • Only about 10% of the native vegetation of Madagascar remains (Nelson and Horning 1993, Du Puy and Moat 1996), and rain forest conversion continues at an estimated 1.5% per year (Green and Sussman 1990). (ecologyandsociety.org)
  • Average annual runoff was 30 cm from 1965 through 1995 (U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Data, Georgia), of which almost 60 percent occurs during the 20 to 30 storm events each year (Rose, 1996). (usgs.gov)
  • A sample of 3,073 untreated and treated (chlorinated) water from taps (1,594), reservoir used to store treated water (1,033), spring water (96) and private well (350) collected for routine testing between 1996 and 1999 was analyzed by the multiple dilution tube methods used to detect the most probable number of total and fecal coliforms. (scielosp.org)
  • Hepatitis A and hepatitis E became notifiable in China in 1990 and 1996, respectively. (cdc.gov)
  • Throughout the nation, there is little state or federal enforcement of safety standards for drinking water, the report said, even though the Environmental Protection Agency tallied some 250,000 violations from all 50 states during 1991-1992. (baltimoresun.com)
  • F. K. Bangash and S. U. Khan, "Aesthetic Quality Evaluation of Drinking Water of Peshawar Valley," 2001. (hindawi.com)
  • O. H. Sun, S. H. Chung, J. A. Nasir, and N. U. Saba, Drinking Water Quality Monitoring in Islamabad , Islamabad: National Institute of Health & Korea International Cooperation Agency, 2001. (hindawi.com)
  • Annual successional pattern of phytoplankt on life strategy components C-S-R in relation to nutrient accessi bility and water column mixing (After Smayda and Reynolds 2001). (ufl.edu)
  • When we surf, swim or play in sea water that has raw sewage in it we are at risk of: gastroenteritis, ear, nose and throat infections, skin infections, and even hepatitis and e-coli. (sas.org.uk)
  • We collated evidence on the effects of mixing with raw sewage, put pressure on water companies to improve sewerage infrastructure and pushed decision makers for stronger legislation to protect water users. (sas.org.uk)
  • This sewage has to go somewhere, so is discharged into the environment, often water courses, carrying waste towards the ocean. (sas.org.uk)
  • Public utilities were set up in the industrialised world to install complex water delivery and sewage treatment systems. (utexas.edu)
  • Sewage is the wastewater comprising 99.9% water and 0.1% solid particles. (teraganix.com)
  • The chemically treated water causes harmful effects due to toxic chemicals than the organisms which are originally present in the sewage . (teraganix.com)
  • Although many insights have been derived from the view of lakes as bounded systems, defined by the land-water interface, limnologists recognize that lakes must be understood in the landscape context of their catchments (Likens 1984, Wetzel 1990). (ecologyandsociety.org)
  • For references , please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/daviz/bathing-water-quality-in-europe or scan the QR code. (europa.eu)
  • In this paper we explore the application of Self Organising Map techniques to derive such understanding from international data sets, demonstrating how multivariate, non-linear techniques can be used to identify relationships that are not discernible using univariate and/or linear analysis methods for drinking water quality. (mdpi.com)
  • Water-Year Summary reports summarize a year of hydrologic data in a printer-friendly format. (usgs.gov)
  • For water years 2006 through 2013, choose a water year and an Annual Water Data Report will be provided. (usgs.gov)
  • For water years 2005 and earlier, Annual Water Data Reports may be available in digital format . (usgs.gov)
  • The data from sampling and monitoring are used to help the EPA target remedial actions, to evaluate the effectiveness of remedial actions, and to describe long-term water-quality and streamflow trends. (usgs.gov)
  • Zinsser, L.M., 2018, Coeur d'Alene Basin Environmental Monitoring Program, surface water, northern Idaho-Annual data summary, water year 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018-1113, 15 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181113. (usgs.gov)
  • Data collected at 18 streamflow-gaging and water-quality sampling sites in the Coeur d'Alene and Spokane River Basins of northern Idaho were used to estimate mean streamflow‑weighted concentrations and annual loads of total and dissolved cadmium, lead, and zinc, and total phosphorus (TP) and nitrogen (TN) for water years (WYs) 2009-13. (usgs.gov)
  • We also want all water companies to commit to providing data to the service year round, rather than just in the official bathing season. (sas.org.uk)
  • The RMP website provides access to RMP data, information products, and links to other sources of information about water quality in San Francisco Bay. (sfei.org)
  • Monitoring data were analyzed to assess impacts of during and after highway construction on 15 water quality parameters and macroinvertebrate condition using the West Virginia stream condition index (WVSCI). (environmental-expert.com)
  • The study used observed weather data from 1990 to 2010 for the. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Water quality and diatom community data were collected from sites in the Crocodile and Magalies Rivers (Gauteng and North West Province, South Africa) associated with agricultural, urban and natural (reference) adjacent land use respectively. (scielo.org.za)
  • The data collected were subjected to multivariate statistical techniques to analyse spatial and temporal patterns in water quality (principal component analysis) and diatom community structures (non-;metric multidimensional scaling) to elucidate hypothesised differences in community structure per land-;use type. (scielo.org.za)
  • Principle component ordination of water quality describes 56.6% of the variation in data observed, and indicates the separation of reference sites from test sites for low and high flow conditions combined. (scielo.org.za)
  • It was, however, not possible to distinguish between the agricultural and urban land-;use sites using PCA based on water quality data. (scielo.org.za)
  • To allow citizens to make an informed choice of beach, the European Union (EU) publishes an annual report on the quality of coastal and inland bathing areas, based on data reported by EU Member States and other European countries. (environmental-expert.com)
  • All 24 countries with access to the sea have monitored and reported data on their coastal bathing waters. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Assessing water quality in the Catawba River reservoirs using Landsat thematic mapper satellite data. (springer.com)
  • Utility of thematic mapper data to assess water quality in southern Green Bay and west-central Lake Michigan. (springer.com)
  • Although it is not possible to establish a direct relationship between epidemiological and environmental data, it is important to consider microbial water quality in terms of water use. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Data collected in all of these surveys was also valuable for water catchment control and soil conservation. (teara.govt.nz)
  • Data collected from September 24 through 27, 2003, were used to develop and calibrate the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Water Quality Analysis Simulation Program model (hereinafter referred to as the Fargo WASP water-quality model) for a 19.2-mile reach of the Red River of the North. (usgs.gov)
  • We obtained data on cases of hepatitis A reported during 1990-2014 and hepatitis E for 1997-2014 from China's National Notifiable Disease Report System and collated demographic information from the China National Bureau of Statistics. (cdc.gov)
  • 119 5 SYSTEM F R MAINTAINING WATER 3,513,978 5/1970 Newsteder 1.210/169 QUALITY IN MARICULTURE TANK Primary Examiner-Charles N. Hart Attorney-Oblon, Fisher & Spivak ABSTRACT A filtration and circulation system for maintaining the water quality in a fish tank favorable for promoting the production and growth of fish therein and for circulating water therethrough at a rate designed to provide a high rate of water exchange in the tank. (google.co.uk)
  • In low-income settings, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive mothers must choose between breastfeeding their infants and risking transmission of HIV or replacement feeding their infants and risking diarrheal disease from contaminated water. (ajtmh.org)
  • 7,12 Diarrheal disease from contaminated water continues to be a serious problem in developing countries and a lesser, but chronic, problem in developed countries. (scielosp.org)
  • Some relevant shortcomings have been identified in the current approach for the classification of ecological status in marine water bodies, leading to delays in the fulfillment of the Water Framework Directive objectives. (springer.com)
  • Natural variability makes difficult to settle fixed reference values and boundary values for the Ecological Quality Ratios (EQR) for the biological quality elements. (springer.com)
  • Epilithic diatom communities offer a holistic and integrated approach for assessing water quality as they remain in one place for a number of months and reflect an ecological memory of water quality over a period of time. (scielo.org.za)
  • These pollutants cause potential ecological imbalances and direct health hazards to local people who depend on the water and products from agriculture [ 5 , 6 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • Suspended sediment in the water column blocks light, reducing benthic primary productivity and inhibits the ability of benthic plants to recover from impacts of dredging. (ozcoasts.org.au)
  • Many of the chemical changes that influence water quality are driven by reaction kinetics which are temperature dependent, and temperature also influences microbial populations [ 7 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • The purpose of the FBRR is to further protect public health by requiring public water systems (PWSs), where needed, to institute changes to the return of recycle flows to a plant's treatment process that may otherwise compromise microbial control. (federalregister.gov)
  • The last century has been marked by major advances in the understanding of microbial disease risks from water supplies and significant changes in expectations of drinking water safety. (iwaponline.com)
  • We then summarise the role of traditional microbial water quality indicators in reducing levels of waterborne disease in the first half of the 20th century, the subsequent emergence of viral and protozoal pathogens as significant causes of waterborne outbreaks, and increasing recognition of the need for a new approach to address these risks. (iwaponline.com)
  • R. Amin, S. Ali, Z. Anwar, and J. Khattak, "Microbial analysis of drinking water and water distribution system in new urban Peshawar," Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences , vol. 4, pp. 31-737, 2012. (hindawi.com)
  • Food and water in particular have been described as vehicles for the transmission of microbial diseases, among which are those caused by coliforms (1). (biomedsearch.com)
  • The risk of adverse human health impact from waterborne microbial pathogenic agents is potentially highly significant for Californians, especially relative to the risks from residual, unregulated chemical contaminants in domestic water supplies. (gfredlee.com)
  • We compared our measurements inside the subestuaries to measurements by the Chesapeake Bay Program in adjacent estuarine waters outside the subestuaries. (springer.com)
  • We partner with the EPA to conduct long-term water-quality and streamflow monitoring and streamflow measurements in the Coeur d'Alene River Basin, which has been widely impacted by historic mining activities. (usgs.gov)
  • Fecal indicators were found in 70% of household drinking water samples. (ajtmh.org)
  • It appears from the information available today that body contact with waters that meet the fecal coliform and enterococci bacterial standards does not represent a significant public health threat risk. (gfredlee.com)
  • This concern is heightened by the fact that the indicators of the "sanitary quality" of waters, the coliforms and fecal coliforms, are unreliable indicators of the presence of a number of key pathogenic agents including enteric viruses and cyst-forming protozoans. (gfredlee.com)
  • Insufficient treatment or regrowth is suggested by the observation that more than 17% of these treated potable water contained coliform. (scielosp.org)
  • From the initial focus on prevention of waterborne outbreaks, water quality regulations have moved towards adoption of health-based targets to limit infection and disease at the community level. (iwaponline.com)
  • 2011 ). In shallow waters, eutrophication can produce short-term hypoxia at night or during warm, cloudy weather (Tyler et al. (springer.com)
  • In dry season, high nutrient enrichment causes eutrophication which is the indication of toxicity in water bodies especially in small dams, canals or slow flowing shallow rivers due to seasonal water level fluctuations and high rate of evaporation in arid and semi-arid areas. (omicsonline.org)
  • The life of mussels is complex, and reproduction often depends upon a stable habitat - unaltered stream conditions, clean water, and an undisturbed stream bottom. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The habitat of the glochidia is initially in the gills of the female, then in the water column, and finally attached to a suitable host fish. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Many other species are declining where there were once healthy populations or have been locally extirpated due to habitat degradation, poor water quality, and barriers to fish passage. (fws.gov)
  • Drinking water used by 99,000 Marylanders, mainly in rural communities and on military bases, is sometimes contaminated with bacteria, toxic chemicals or dirt particles, says a report released yesterday. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Water systems serving major portions of 10 Maryland cities and towns were cited by regulators at least once in the past two years as exceeding federal standards for contaminants: bacteria, chemicals or dirt particles. (baltimoresun.com)
  • High counts of coliform bacteria turned up in a water system serving 17,000 people at Andrews Air Force Base outside Washington, and excessive levels of the same bacteria were found in water used by 11,000 people at Patuxent River Naval Air Test Center in St. Mary's County. (baltimoresun.com)
  • This comparative study evaluated the bacteriological quality of food and water consumed in Nsukka, Enugu state, Nigeria, using three bacteria enumeration methods. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Bacteria analyses of the water samples were carried out by membrane filtration. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Many of these are kinetic in nature and hence residence time within a system (or water age) may be an indicator of such deterioration [ 1 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • chemical oxygen demand (COD) Indicator of water or effluent quality, which measures oxygen demand by chemical (as distinct from biological) means, using potassium dichromate as the oxidizing agent. (encyclopedia.com)
  • One indicator of water quality is the concentration of total dissolved solids (TDS). (aasv.org)
  • There have been numerous studies that question and indeed denounce the reliability of the coliform group as an indicator of the sanitary quality of bathing/swimming waters and the associated risks to swimmers and other users of beach waters. (gfredlee.com)
  • Sulfate salts are known for their laxative effects and are a common contributor to water TDS. (aasv.org)
  • Some of the variation in response to water quality may be due to other management factors that influence the susceptibility of the pig to diarrhea, or to the gastrointestinal disturbance associated with sulfate-induced osmotic diarrhea. (aasv.org)
  • See schematic diagram of Russian River Basin available from the California Water Science Center. (usgs.gov)
  • We collect water-quality samples 2-4 times per year at 20 sites throughout the basin. (usgs.gov)
  • Ultramafic rocks also are present in the basin including a large body of gabbro (12 km by 1.5 km) mapped along the northern basin divide roughly parallel to State Highway 83 (Vincent and others, 1990). (usgs.gov)
  • 1993. A Proposal for the Development of a Regional Water Master Plan. (nap.edu)
  • 1993. Harnessing international law to determine Israeli-Palestinian water rights: The mountain aquifer. (nap.edu)
  • Water flux--the rates, patterns, and distribution of evaporation, precipitation, runoff, and recharge--is a key component of what we call climate. (ku.edu)
  • They are located near industrial sites and are used for settlement of suspended solids, removal of excess water by evaporation and biological treatment of waste. (orst.edu)
  • much of the water in the Ogallala aquifer probably represents such an accumulation during periods of cooler, wetter climate (see chapter 1 on Kansas water resources). (ku.edu)
  • Although past climate changes can combine with modern withdrawal practices to produce present concerns about "mining ground water," the major focus of this chapter is on the probable consequences of future and presently occurring climate change. (ku.edu)
  • A number of recent studies have considered the impact of climate change on water resources, but most have a national focus and are primarily concerned with changes in water quantity rather than quality. (powells.com)
  • Emission reduction credits (ERCs) from high-quality international climate change mitigation projects will continue to compensate the official travel by German federal employees. (umweltbundesamt.de)
  • Larkum, A.W.D., West, R.J. 1990 Long-term Changes of Seagrass Meadows in Botany Bay, Australia Aquatic Botany, 37 (1): 55-70. (ozcoasts.org.au)
  • Along with food, they remove sediment from the water column making it available for aquatic insects and other bottom dwelling species. (fws.gov)
  • The area of the stream where flowing water extends down into the gravel is also extremely important for aquatic invertebrates, which supply most of the food for young salmon, steelhead and cutthroat trout. (krisweb.com)
  • Moreover, excess levels of contaminants showed up in water systems serving from a few dozen to a few hundred residents at more than 20 mostly rural villages, trailer parks and small housing developments. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Nationwide, more than 15,000 episodic or chronic violations of federal limits on contaminants in drinking water were reported by private and public utilities serving more than 28 million Americans, the report said. (baltimoresun.com)
  • The Clean Water Act has standards for the permitted release of a limited amount of contaminants into waterways. (orst.edu)
  • Pp. 53-64 in The Politics of Scarcity: Water in the Middle East, J. R. Starr, and D. C. Stoll, eds. (nap.edu)
  • Iran has been facing increasingly severe water scarcity in many parts of the country, especially in arid and semi-arid regions. (iwaponline.com)
  • Community concerns about environmental issues and scarcity of water in major cotton-growing areas in Australia have stimulated the industry to improve on-farm water-use efficiency and productivity. (publish.csiro.au)
  • Thus the ECWMP is a programme which facilitates the establishment of a database which will permit the scientifically justifiable classification of all of the Province's saline waters. (bodc.ac.uk)
  • The hepatitis A vaccine was initially introduced into the private market, although some provinces provided subsidies through the World Health Organization Expanded Programme on Immunization ( http://www.wpro.who.int/china/areas/immunization/en/ ). (cdc.gov)
  • Forty years ago, when the federal Clean Water Act was made law, Congress charged a fledgling EPA with the goal of making the nation's waters "fishable and swimmable. (epa.gov)
  • Osceola County commissioners, and a vocal group of cattle ranchers and citrus growers, have just as passionately argued against piping water to Brevard. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • Understanding and managing water quality in drinking water distribution system is essential for public health and wellbeing, but is challenging due to the number and complexity of interacting physical, chemical and biological processes occurring within vast, deteriorating pipe networks. (mdpi.com)
  • Water quality deteriorates as it travels through a drinking water distribution system (DWDS). (mdpi.com)
  • Implementation of these recommendations should contribute to the achievement of continuous levels of optimally fluoridated drinking water for the U.S. population, minimize potential fluoride overfeeds (i.e., any fluoride level that is greater than the recommended control range of the water system), and contribute to the safe operation of all fluoridated water systems. (cdc.gov)
  • Water fluoridation is the deliberate addition of the natural trace element fluorine (in the ionic form as fluoride) into drinking water in accordance with scientific and dental guidelines (1-9). (cdc.gov)
  • Additional comments were obtained from state dental officials, state drinking water personnel, and others (e.g., schools of public health, dental societies, and engineers from private industry). (cdc.gov)
  • Drinking water and sanitation in Nicaragua are provided by a national public utility in urban areas and water committees in rural areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite relatively high levels of investment, access to drinking water in urban areas has barely kept up with population growth, access to urban sanitation has actually declined and service quality remains poor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bacteriological urban drinking water quality was considered acceptable by the WHO based on samples analyzed by the national utility. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Hawaii Drinking Water State Revolving Fund totals $192 million and the Hawaii Department of Health has issued 45 loans totaling $124 million. (epa.gov)
  • Funds to the program also support projects such as capacity development, sanitary surveys, drinking water operator training and technical assistance. (epa.gov)
  • Millions of Americans are exposed to unsafe levels of arsenic, lead, radium and other toxic substances in their drinking water. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Not clear what is meant) of drinking water quality, particularly in association with discolouration. (scielo.org.za)
  • The focus of drinking water quality regulation has moved progressively from simple prevention of detectable waterborne outbreaks towards adoption of health-based targets that aim to reduce infection and disease to a level well below detection limits at the community level. (iwaponline.com)
  • A. A. Patoli, B. B. Patoli, and V. Mehraig, "High prevalence of Multi-drug resistant Escherichia Coli in drinking water samples from Hyderabad," Gomal Journal of Medical Sciences , vol. 8, pp. 23-26, 2010. (hindawi.com)
  • H. Ali and M. S. Akhtar, "Peoples perception about poor quality of drinking water and its impact on human health in rural areas of tehsil Samundri Pakistan," International Journal of Science and Research , vol. 4, pp. 523-528, 2015. (hindawi.com)
  • If you become ill and you were not told that the drinking water was from a private water supply you can take legal action against the owner of the property. (citizensadvice.org.uk)
  • By 2003 more than a billion people, a quarter of the world's population, had no access to safe drinking water. (utexas.edu)
  • The site is well-documented as extensively undermined and is on top of a mine outfall which feeds water to the Lehigh River, which is finally once again a fresh water fishery and the source of drinking water to much of southeastern Pennsylvania," Conrad continued. (mcall.com)
  • Conrad said an additional problem is that the Pagnotti project, which is before DER for approval, also sits on top of the Mauch Chunk Aquifer, which is the source of drinking water for most of Carbon County. (mcall.com)
  • To examine the effect of drinking water high in sulfates on the growth performance, nutrient utilization, and tissue mineral levels of newly weaned pigs housed in a commercial operation. (aasv.org)
  • A n adequate quantity of potable drinking water is a necessity for successful pork production. (aasv.org)
  • EPA is continuing its investment in Hawaii's water infrastructure," said Jared Blumenfeld, EPA's Regional Administrator for the Pacific Southwest. (epa.gov)
  • The state revolving funds are EPA's primary tools for helping communities meet their continuing and significant water infrastructure needs. (epa.gov)
  • Each state maintains revolving loan fund programs, capitalized by the EPA, to provide low cost financing for water quality infrastructure projects. (epa.gov)