The use of IONIZING RADIATION to treat malignant NEOPLASMS and some benign conditions.
The total amount of radiation absorbed by tissues as a result of radiotherapy.
Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.
Radiotherapy where there is improved dose homogeneity within the tumor and reduced dosage to uninvolved structures. The precise shaping of dose distribution is achieved via the use of computer-controlled multileaf collimators.
Radiotherapy given to augment some other form of treatment such as surgery or chemotherapy. Adjuvant radiotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.
Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.
CONFORMAL RADIOTHERAPY that combines several intensity-modulated beams to provide improved dose homogeneity and highly conformal dose distributions.
Computer-assisted mathematical calculations of beam angles, intensities of radiation, and duration of irradiation in radiotherapy.
Radiotherapy using high-energy (megavolt or higher) ionizing radiation. Types of radiation include gamma rays, produced by a radioisotope within a teletherapy unit; x-rays, electrons, protons, alpha particles (helium ions) and heavy charged ions, produced by particle acceleration; and neutrons and pi-mesons (pions), produced as secondary particles following bombardment of a target with a primary particle.
The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.
Harmful effects of non-experimental exposure to ionizing or non-ionizing radiation in VERTEBRATES.
Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.
Administration of the total dose of radiation (RADIATION DOSAGE) in parts, at timed intervals.
Computer systems or programs used in accurate computations for providing radiation dosage treatment to patients.
April 25th -26th, 1986 nuclear power accident that occurred at Chernobyl in the former USSR (Ukraine) located 80 miles north of Kiev.
The use of pre-treatment imaging modalities to position the patient, delineate the target, and align the beam of radiation to achieve optimal accuracy and reduce radiation damage to surrounding non-target tissues.
Tendency toward involvement in accidents. Implies certain personality characteristics which predispose to accidents.
Nuclear power accident that occurred following the Tohoku-Kanto earthquake of March 11, 2011 in the northern region of Japan.
Uncontrolled release of radioactive material from its containment. This either threatens to, or does, cause exposure to a radioactive hazard. Such an incident may occur accidentally or deliberately.
A subspecialty of medical oncology and radiology concerned with the radiotherapy of cancer.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The relationship between the dose of administered radiation and the response of the organism or tissue to the radiation.
A radiological stereotactic technique developed for cutting or destroying tissue by high doses of radiation in place of surgical incisions. It was originally developed for neurosurgery on structures in the brain and its use gradually spread to radiation surgery on extracranial structures as well. The usual rigid needles or probes of stereotactic surgery are replaced with beams of ionizing radiation directed toward a target so as to achieve local tissue destruction.
Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)
A collective term for interstitial, intracavity, and surface radiotherapy. It uses small sealed or partly-sealed sources that may be placed on or near the body surface or within a natural body cavity or implanted directly into the tissues.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
The local recurrence of a neoplasm following treatment. It arises from microscopic cells of the original neoplasm that have escaped therapeutic intervention and later become clinically visible at the original site.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.
Insurance providing coverage for physical injury suffered as a result of unavoidable circumstances.
Treatment that combines chemotherapy with radiotherapy.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially in the drug therapy of neoplasms. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.
Tumors or cancer of the NASOPHARYNX.
Period after successful treatment in which there is no appearance of the symptoms or effects of the disease.
Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A carcinoma derived from stratified SQUAMOUS EPITHELIAL CELLS. It may also occur in sites where glandular or columnar epithelium is normally present. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
The ability of some cells or tissues to survive lethal doses of IONIZING RADIATION. Tolerance depends on the species, cell type, and physical and chemical variables, including RADIATION-PROTECTIVE AGENTS and RADIATION-SENSITIZING AGENTS.
The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).
Organs which might be damaged during exposure to a toxin or to some form of therapy. It most frequently refers to healthy organs located in the radiation field during radiation therapy.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
Drugs used to potentiate the effectiveness of radiation therapy in destroying unwanted cells.
Tumors, cancer or other neoplasms produced by exposure to ionizing or non-ionizing radiation.
The measurement of radiation by photography, as in x-ray film and film badge, by Geiger-Mueller tube, and by SCINTILLATION COUNTING.
Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Tumors or cancer of the RECTUM.
Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.
Devices which accelerate electrically charged atomic or subatomic particles, such as electrons, protons or ions, to high velocities so they have high kinetic energy.
An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.
The exposure of the head to roentgen rays or other forms of radioactivity for therapeutic or preventive purposes.
The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Unstable isotopes of cesium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cs atoms with atomic weights of 123, 125-132, and 134-145 are radioactive cesium isotopes.
Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.
Inflammation of the lung due to harmful effects of ionizing or non-ionizing radiation.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Tumors or cancer of the pelvic region.
Cancers or tumors of the LARYNX or any of its parts: the GLOTTIS; EPIGLOTTIS; LARYNGEAL CARTILAGES; LARYNGEAL MUSCLES; and VOCAL CORDS.
Removal of only enough breast tissue to ensure that the margins of the resected surgical specimen are free of tumor.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Two-wheeled, engine-driven vehicles.
A malignant disease characterized by progressive enlargement of the lymph nodes, spleen, and general lymphoid tissue. In the classical variant, giant usually multinucleate Hodgkin's and REED-STERNBERG CELLS are present; in the nodular lymphocyte predominant variant, lymphocytic and histiocytic cells are seen.
The observation, either continuously or at intervals, of the levels of radiation in a given area, generally for the purpose of assuring that they have not exceeded prescribed amounts or, in case of radiation already present in the area, assuring that the levels have returned to those meeting acceptable safety standards.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A cutaneous inflammatory reaction occurring as a result of exposure to ionizing radiation.
The use of a heavy ion particle beam for radiotherapy, such as the HEAVY IONS of CARBON.
An antitumor alkaloid isolated from VINCA ROSEA. (Merck, 11th ed.)
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Abnormal growths of tissue that follow a previous neoplasm but are not metastases of the latter. The second neoplasm may have the same or different histological type and can occur in the same or different organs as the previous neoplasm but in all cases arises from an independent oncogenic event. The development of the second neoplasm may or may not be related to the treatment for the previous neoplasm since genetic risk or predisposing factors may actually be the cause.
An antineoplastic agent. It has significant activity against melanomas. (from Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 31st ed, p564)
Techniques, procedures, and therapies carried out on diseased organs in such a way to avoid complete removal of the organ and preserve the remaining organ function.
Radioactive substances which act as pollutants. They include chemicals whose radiation is released via radioactive waste, nuclear accidents, fallout from nuclear explosions, and the like.
Decreased salivary flow.
An antineoplastic agent used primarily in combination with mechlorethamine, vincristine, and prednisone (the MOPP protocol) in the treatment of Hodgkin's disease.
A pyrimidine analog that is an antineoplastic antimetabolite. It interferes with DNA synthesis by blocking the THYMIDYLATE SYNTHETASE conversion of deoxyuridylic acid to thymidylic acid.
Preliminary cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone/endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, hyperthermia, etc.) that precedes a necessary second modality of treatment.
A type of high-energy radiotherapy using a beam of gamma-radiation produced by a radioisotope source encapsulated within a teletherapy unit.
Substances that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of NEOPLASMS.
Unstable isotopes of cobalt that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Co atoms with atomic weights of 54-64, except 59, are radioactive cobalt isotopes.
Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.
Facilities that convert NUCLEAR ENERGY into electrical energy.
Care alleviating symptoms without curing the underlying disease. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.
Drugs used to protect against ionizing radiation. They are usually of interest for use in radiation therapy but have been considered for other, e.g. military, purposes.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.
External or interstitial irradiation to treat lymphomas (e.g., Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas) and lymph node metastases and also some autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis.
The material that descends to the earth or water well beyond the site of a surface or subsurface nuclear explosion. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Chemical and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A biologic alkylating agent that exerts its cytotoxic effects by forming DNA ADDUCTS and DNA interstrand crosslinks, thereby inhibiting rapidly proliferating cells. The hydrochloride is an antineoplastic agent used to treat HODGKIN DISEASE and LYMPHOMA.
Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.
The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.
A malignant neoplasm made up of epithelial cells tending to infiltrate the surrounding tissues and give rise to metastases. It is a histological type of neoplasm but is often wrongly used as a synonym for "cancer." (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Devices containing fissionable material in sufficient quantity and so arranged as to be capable of maintaining a controlled, self-sustaining NUCLEAR FISSION chain reaction. They are also known as atomic piles, atomic reactors, fission reactors, and nuclear piles, although such names are deprecated. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.
A malignant form of astrocytoma histologically characterized by pleomorphism of cells, nuclear atypia, microhemorrhage, and necrosis. They may arise in any region of the central nervous system, with a predilection for the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, and commissural pathways. Clinical presentation most frequently occurs in the fifth or sixth decade of life with focal neurologic signs or seizures.
A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)
The branch of medicine concerned with the evaluation and initial treatment of urgent and emergent medical problems, such as those caused by accidents, trauma, sudden illness, poisoning, or disasters. Emergency medical care can be provided at the hospital or at sites outside the medical facility.
A therapeutic approach, involving chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery, after initial regimens have failed to lead to improvement in a patient's condition. Salvage therapy is most often used for neoplastic diseases.
A complex of related glycopeptide antibiotics from Streptomyces verticillus consisting of bleomycin A2 and B2. It inhibits DNA metabolism and is used as an antineoplastic, especially for solid tumors.
Surgical procedure to remove one or both breasts.
Unstable isotopes of iridium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Ir atoms with atomic weights 182-190, 192, and 194-198 are radioactive iridium isotopes.
Situations or conditions requiring immediate intervention to avoid serious adverse results.
Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.
The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.
Necrosis of bone following radiation injury.
A class of drugs that differs from other alkylating agents used clinically in that they are monofunctional and thus unable to cross-link cellular macromolecules. Among their common properties are a requirement for metabolic activation to intermediates with antitumor efficacy and the presence in their chemical structures of N-methyl groups, that after metabolism, can covalently modify cellular DNA. The precise mechanisms by which each of these drugs acts to kill tumor cells are not completely understood. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p2026)
Tumors or cancer of the ESOPHAGUS.
Benign and malignant central nervous system neoplasms derived from glial cells (i.e., astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and ependymocytes). Astrocytes may give rise to astrocytomas (ASTROCYTOMA) or glioblastoma multiforme (see GLIOBLASTOMA). Oligodendrocytes give rise to oligodendrogliomas (OLIGODENDROGLIOMA) and ependymocytes may undergo transformation to become EPENDYMOMA; CHOROID PLEXUS NEOPLASMS; or colloid cysts of the third ventricle. (From Escourolle et al., Manual of Basic Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p21)
Transfer of a neoplasm from its primary site to lymph nodes or to distant parts of the body by way of the lymphatic system.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
Nuclear reaction in which the nucleus of a heavy atom such as uranium or plutonium is split into two approximately equal parts by a neutron, charged particle, or photon.
The total amount (cell number, weight, size or volume) of tumor cells or tissue in the body.
Antineoplastic antibiotic obtained from Streptomyces peucetius. It is a hydroxy derivative of DAUNORUBICIN.
Moving a patient into a specific position or POSTURE to facilitate examination, surgery, or for therapeutic purposes.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Mistakes committed in the preparations for radiotherapy, including errors in positioning of patients, alignment radiation beams, or calculation of radiation doses.
Materials used as reference points for imaging studies.
Antitumor alkaloid isolated from Vinca rosea. (Merck, 11th ed.)
A connective tissue neoplasm formed by proliferation of mesodermal cells; it is usually highly malignant.
Total or partial excision of the larynx.
Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.
Compounds which inhibit or antagonize the biosynthesis or actions of androgens.
Neutrons, the energy of which exceeds some arbitrary level, usually around one million electron volts.
Tumors or cancer of the OROPHARYNX.
AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.
ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION or particle radiation (high energy ELEMENTARY PARTICLES) capable of directly or indirectly producing IONS in its passage through matter. The wavelengths of ionizing electromagnetic radiation are equal to or smaller than those of short (far) ultraviolet radiation and include gamma and X-rays.
Positively-charged atomic nuclei that have been stripped of their electrons. These particles have one or more units of electric charge and a mass exceeding that of the Helium-4 nucleus (alpha particle).
The study of the characteristics, behavior, and internal structures of the atomic nucleus and its interactions with other nuclei. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Primary and metastatic (secondary) tumors of the brain located above the tentorium cerebelli, a fold of dura mater separating the CEREBELLUM and BRAIN STEM from the cerebral hemispheres and DIENCEPHALON (i.e., THALAMUS and HYPOTHALAMUS and related structures). In adults, primary neoplasms tend to arise in the supratentorial compartment, whereas in children they occur more frequently in the infratentorial space. Clinical manifestations vary with the location of the lesion, but SEIZURES; APHASIA; HEMIANOPSIA; hemiparesis; and sensory deficits are relatively common features. Metastatic supratentorial neoplasms are frequently multiple at the time of presentation.
An alkylating agent of value against both hematologic malignancies and solid tumors.
The use of an external beam of PROTONS as radiotherapy.
Antineoplastic agent especially effective against malignant brain tumors. The resistance which brain tumor cells acquire to the initial effectiveness of this drug can be partially overcome by the simultaneous use of membrane-modifying agents such as reserpine, calcium antagonists such as nicardipine or verapamil, or the calmodulin inhibitor, trifluoperazine. The drug has also been used in combination with other antineoplastic agents or with radiotherapy for the treatment of various neoplasms.
Death that occurs as a result of anoxia or heart arrest, associated with immersion in liquid.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Tumors or cancer of the HYPOPHARYNX.
Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.
Multiple physical insults or injuries occurring simultaneously.
An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.
A phosphorothioate proposed as a radiation-protective agent. It causes splenic vasodilation and may block autonomic ganglia.
Therapeutic act or process that initiates a response to a complete or partial remission level.
Tumors or cancer located in bone tissue or specific BONES.
A synthetic anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid derived from CORTISONE. It is biologically inert and converted to PREDNISOLONE in the liver.
Hyperextension injury to the neck, often the result of being struck from behind by a fast-moving vehicle, in an automobile accident. (From Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Compounds that are used in medicine as sources of radiation for radiotherapy and for diagnostic purposes. They have numerous uses in research and industry. (Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1161)
Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.
The transfer of a neoplasm from one organ or part of the body to another remote from the primary site.
An INFLAMMATION of the MUCOSA with burning or tingling sensation. It is characterized by atrophy of the squamous EPITHELIUM, vascular damage, inflammatory infiltration, and ulceration. It usually occurs at the mucous lining of the MOUTH, the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or the airway due to chemical irritations, CHEMOTHERAPY, or radiation therapy (RADIOTHERAPY).
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Benign and malignant neoplastic processes that arise from or secondarily involve the brain, spinal cord, or meninges.
General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.
Neoplasms of the base of the skull specifically, differentiated from neoplasms of unspecified sites or bones of the skull (SKULL NEOPLASMS).
Tumors or cancer of the NOSE.
Combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy given to augment some other form of treatment such as surgery. It is commonly used in the therapy of cancer.
A semisynthetic derivative of PODOPHYLLOTOXIN that exhibits antitumor activity. Etoposide inhibits DNA synthesis by forming a complex with topoisomerase II and DNA. This complex induces breaks in double stranded DNA and prevents repair by topoisomerase II binding. Accumulated breaks in DNA prevent entry into the mitotic phase of cell division, and lead to cell death. Etoposide acts primarily in the G2 and S phases of the cell cycle.
Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
A malignant olfactory neuroblastoma arising from the olfactory epithelium of the superior nasal cavity and cribriform plate. It is uncommon (3% of nasal tumors) and rarely is associated with the production of excess hormones (e.g., SIADH, Cushing Syndrome). It has a high propensity for multiple local recurrences and bony metastases. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3rd ed, p1245; J Laryngol Otol 1998 Jul;112(7):628-33)
Vinblastine derivative with antineoplastic activity against CANCER. Major side effects are myelosuppression and neurotoxicity. Vindesine is used extensively in chemotherapy protocols (ANTINEOPLASTIC COMBINED CHEMOTHERAPY PROTOCOLS).
Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.
Benign and malignant neoplastic processes that arise from or secondarily involve the meningeal coverings of the brain and spinal cord.
The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
An organoplatinum compound that possesses antineoplastic activity.
INFLAMMATION of the soft tissues of the MOUTH, such as MUCOSA; PALATE; GINGIVA; and LIP.
Neoplasms of the brain and spinal cord derived from glial cells which vary from histologically benign forms to highly anaplastic and malignant tumors. Fibrillary astrocytomas are the most common type and may be classified in order of increasing malignancy (grades I through IV). In the first two decades of life, astrocytomas tend to originate in the cerebellar hemispheres; in adults, they most frequently arise in the cerebrum and frequently undergo malignant transformation. (From Devita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp2013-7; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1082)
Fractures of the skull which may result from penetrating or nonpenetrating head injuries or rarely BONE DISEASES (see also FRACTURES, SPONTANEOUS). Skull fractures may be classified by location (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR), radiographic appearance (e.g., linear), or based upon cranial integrity (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, DEPRESSED).
Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A measure of the quality of health care by assessment of unsuccessful results of management and procedures used in combating disease, in individual cases or series.
Professional medical personnel approved to provide care to patients in a hospital.
A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
General or unspecified injuries to the soft tissue or bony portions of the face.
The science concerned with problems of radiation protection relevant to reducing or preventing radiation exposure, and the effects of ionizing radiation on humans and their environment.
The application of probability and statistical methods to calculate the risk of occurrence of any event, such as onset of illness, recurrent disease, hospitalization, disability, or death. It may include calculation of the anticipated money costs of such events and of the premiums necessary to provide for payment of such costs.
Three-dimensional computed tomographic imaging with the added dimension of time, to follow motion during imaging.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
Complete or partial surgical removal of the prostate. Three primary approaches are commonly employed: suprapubic - removal through an incision above the pubis and through the urinary bladder; retropubic - as for suprapubic but without entering the urinary bladder; and transurethral (TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF PROSTATE).
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.
Penetrating, high-energy electromagnetic radiation emitted from atomic nuclei during NUCLEAR DECAY. The range of wavelengths of emitted radiation is between 0.1 - 100 pm which overlaps the shorter, more energetic hard X-RAYS wavelengths. The distinction between gamma rays and X-rays is based on their radiation source.
Study of the scientific principles, mechanisms, and effects of the interaction of ionizing radiation with living matter. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.
Total mastectomy with axillary node dissection, but with preservation of the pectoral muscles.
The Instituto Goiano de Radioterapia (IGR), a private radiotherapy institute in Goiânia, was just 1 km (0.6 mi) northwest of ... The Goiânia accident [ɡojˈjɐniɐ] was a radioactive contamination accident that occurred on September 13, 1987, in Goiânia, in ... Brazil portal 1980s portal List of civilian radiation accidents The Radiological accident in Goiânia (PDF). Vienna: ... Because the accidents occurred before the promulgation of the Federal Constitution of 1988 and because the substance was ...
Nuclear and radiation accidents Goiânia accident Radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica Radiotherapy accident in Zaragoza ... In March 1984, a serious radiation accident occurred in Morocco, where eight people died from pulmonary hemorrhaging caused by ... The laborer, his family, and some relatives were the eight deaths caused by the accident. ... Lushbaugh, C; Ricks, R; Fry, S (1988). Radiological accidents: A historical review of sealed sources accidents. International ...
1974-1976 - Columbus radiotherapy accident, 10 deaths and 88 injuries. 1979 - Three Mile Island Accident - resulted in the ... The Radiological Accident in Goiania p. 2. Medical management of radiation accidents pp. 299 & 303. Thule Accident, January 21 ... 1980 - Houston radiotherapy accident, 7 deaths. 1981 - Douglas Crofut died. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Lists of ... 1996 - Radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica. Thirteen fatalities and 114 other patients received an overdose of radiation. ...
... the radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica, the radiotherapy accident in Zaragoza, the radiation accident in Morocco, the Goiania ... the radiation accident in Mexico City, the radiotherapy unit accident in Thailand, and the Mayapuri radiological accident in ... The accident was detected only after the residents called in a health physicist. 1980: Houston radiotherapy accident, 7 ... the Three Mile Island accident (1979), and the SL-1 accident (1961). Nuclear power accidents can involve loss of life and large ...
Goiânia accident (1987), Zaragoza radiotherapy accident (1990), Costa Rica radiotherapy accident (1996), Tokaimura nuclear ... The 1979 Three Mile Island accident inspired Perrow's book Normal Accidents, where a nuclear accident occurs, resulting from an ... SL-1 accident (1961), Soviet submarine K-19 accident (1961), Three Mile Island accident (1979), Church Rock uranium mill spill ... prevention of accidents or mitigation of accident consequences, resulting in protection of workers, the public and the ...
Accidents and QA. *Verification of dose calculations in radiation therapy. *Radiation Safety in External Beam Radiotherapy ( ... Unsealed source radiotherapy (systemic radioisotope therapy)[edit]. Main article: Unsealed source radiotherapy ... 1979 Three Mile Island accident and Three Mile Island accident health effects ... stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy, or SABR - also known as SBRT, or stereotactic body radiotherapy) for subcranial ...
... the radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica,[15] the radiotherapy accident in Zaragoza,[16] the radiation accident in Morocco,[17] ... the Goiania accident,[18] the radiation accident in Mexico City, the radiotherapy unit accident in Thailand,[19] and the ... the Three Mile Island accident (1979), and the SL-1 accident (1961).[11] Nuclear power accidents can involve loss of life and ... 1980: Houston radiotherapy accident, 7 fatalities.[14][75]. *5 October 1982: Lost radiation source, Baku, Azerbaijan, USSR. 5 ...
radiotherapy. radiotherapy accident in Zaragoza[25]. 11. ?. Zaragoza, Spain 1996. radiotherapy. radiotherapy accident in Costa ... radiotherapy. Therac-25 radiation overdose accidents. 3. 3. 1984. orphan source. radiation accident in Morocco[23]. 8. 3. ... Radiotherapy accidents[change , change source]. Year. Type. Accident. ARS fatalities. ARS survivors. Location ... Nuclear accidents. Chernobyl disaster · Fukushima nuclear disaster · Mayak accident · Nuclear accidents in Japan · Three Mile ...
Health Nursing Physiotherapy Radiology Radiotherapy and Clinical Oncology Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine Surgery Accident ... 1985-1989) Nigerian Medical College Residency Training Programme Centre for Training Community Health Officers Emergency ...
Accidents and QA. *Verification of dose calculations in radiation therapy. *Radiation Safety in External Beam Radiotherapy ( ... May 2019). "Risk of subsequent primary cancers after carbon ion radiotherapy, photon radiotherapy, or surgery for localised ... Radionuclide therapy (also known as systemic radioisotope therapy, molecular radiotherapy or unsealed source radiotherapy), is ... stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy, or SABR - also known as SBRT, or stereotactic body radiotherapy) for subcranial ...
... and comparable to the experiences of cancer patients undergoing radio-therapy,. but have many other potential causes. The ... In the aftermath of the accident, the investigations focused on the amounts of radioactivity released by the accident. ... examining death rates within the 10-mile area around TMI for the 6 months after the accident, said that the TMI-2 accident did ... The health effects of the 1979 Three Mile Island nuclear accident are widely, but not universally, agreed to be very low. The ...
1996 San Juan de Dios radiotherapy accident. *1990 Clinic of Zaragoza radiotherapy accident ... 1979 Three Mile Island accident and Three Mile Island accident health effects ... Detonations include zero-yield detonations in safety tests and failed full yield tests, but not those in the accident category ... radiological accident in connection with nuclear testing.[citation needed] The unanticipated yield, and a change in the weather ...
2005-2006 - Epinal radiotherapy accident [fr]: a problem in dosimetry software caused an overdosage during radiotherapy. During ... Military accidents are listed at List of military nuclear accidents. In listing civilian radiation accidents, the following ... "Zaragoza radiotherapy accident, 1990". www.johnstonsarchive.net. Archived from the original on 28 December 2017. Retrieved 3 ... Her dose was estimated to be 2.3 Gy by means of a blood test 41 days after the accident, 16 years after the accident the woman ...
Accidents and QA. *Verification of dose calculations in radiation therapy. *Radiation Safety in External Beam Radiotherapy ( ... Unsealed source radiotherapy (systemic radioisotope therapy)[edit]. Main article: Unsealed source radiotherapy ... accidents and sites. This section contains a list of works that does not follow the Manual of Style for lists of works (often, ... May 2019). "Risk of subsequent primary cancers after carbon ion radiotherapy, photon radiotherapy, or surgery for localised ...
Radiation Health Effects of Atomic Bomb Explosions and Nuclear Power Plant Accidents Oughterson, A. W.; LeRoy, G. V.; Liebow, A ... or found in the later conceived children of cancer survivors who had previously received radiotherapy. The surviving women of ... "Sex ratio among offspring of childhood cancer survivors treated with radiotherapy". Br J Cancer. 88 (3): 382-387. doi:10.1038/ ... ISBN 0-394-53103-5 Hersey, John, Hiroshima, A.A. Knopf: New York, 1985. ISBN 0-679-72103-7 Media related to Casualties of ...
2006). Health Effects of the Chernobyl Accident and Special Health Care Programmes: Report of the UN Chernobyl Forum, Expert ... or found in the later conceived children of cancer survivors who had previously received radiotherapy.[64][65][66] [67] The ... "Human minisatellite mutation rate after the Chernobyl accident". Nature. 380 (6576): 683-686. Bibcode:1996Natur.380..683D. doi: ... "Sex ratio among offspring of childhood cancer survivors treated with radiotherapy". British Journal of Cancer. 88 (3): 382-7. ...
The 1986 Chernobyl nuclear accident contaminated about 30,000 km2 with greater than 10 kBq/m2 with 90Sr, which accounts for ... Radiotherapy and Oncology. 75 (3): 258.E1-258.E13. doi:10.1016/j.radonc.2005.03.003. PMID 16299924. "Strontium , Radiation ... "Chernobyl: Assessment of Radiological and Health Impact, 2002 update; Chapter I - The site and accident sequence" (PDF). OECD- ... it is also an isotope of concern in fallout from nuclear weapons and nuclear accidents due to its production as a fission ...
Health risk assessment from the nuclear accident after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami based on a preliminary ... or found in the later conceived children of cancer survivors who had previously received radiotherapy.[65][66][67][68] The ... 2006). Health Effects of the Chernobyl Accident and Special Health Care Programmes: Report of the UN Chernobyl Forum, Expert ... "Human minisatellite mutation rate after the Chernobyl accident". Nature. 380 (6576): 683-686. Bibcode:1996Natur.380..683D. doi: ...
... yeast-derived products or any component of the product and for concomitant use with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. There is a ... to six people as part of a compassionate-use protocol for the victims of cesium irradiation from the Goiânia accident. It was ... The sequence of human GM-CSF was first identified in 1985 and soon three recominbant human GM-CSFs were produced, one in ...
... accident Goiânia accident Radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica 1990 Clinic of Zaragoza radiotherapy accident Radiation accident ... In 2010, a major radiation accident took place in the scrap yards of Mayapuri. There are some famous landmarks in the area like ... The safety of the scrap yards became a concern after the radiological accident which occurred in April 2010. The area is not ... Mayapuri was affected by a serious radiological accident. An AECL Gammacell 220 research irradiator owned by Delhi University ...
The plan was to allow for nationwide radiotherapy services by 2011. On 7 September 2006, Mary Harney announced that she was ... "emergency response to the accident and emergency crisis at the time", although the nursing units, in use since 2008, are mainly ... Harney went on to become a founder member of the Progressive Democrats with Desmond O'Malley and Bobby Molloy in December 1985 ... she was expelled from the party after voting in favour of the Anglo-Irish Agreement in 1985. ...
March 21, 2011, CNN HLN, Nancy Grace Show, Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Reactor Accident, Control of Contaminated Food Imports ... 151 (2005) Structural Shielding Design and Evaluation for Megavoltage X- and Gamma-Ray Radiotherapy Facilities Report No. 152 ( ... MD 1986 Senior Officers Nuclear Accidents Course, Air Force Nuclear Weapons Training School (AFNWTS), Albuquerque, NM 1987 ... Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Reactor Accident, Potential Impact on the United States. ...
The £35 million Rutherford Cancer Centre is intended to be operational in 2018, offering radiotherapy, chemotherapy and imaging ... the accident and emergency department itself is the largest of its kind in the United Kingdom. The RLUH building which is sited ... The Women's Hospital and Mill Road Hospital in 1985. Liverpool Women's is one of only two such hospitals in the United Kingdom ...
The Castle Bravo accident, in which the thermonuclear bomb test at Enewetak Atoll in 1954 exploded with 2.5 times the expected ... for radiotherapy. In other cases, and depending on the kinetic energy of the neutron, the capture of a neutron can cause ... ORNL Report Archived 2013-10-01 at the Wayback Machine on determination of dose from criticality accidents Stephen Padalino; ... Malik, John (September 1985). "The Yields of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki Explosions" (PDF). Los Alamos National Laboratory. ...
Repacholi was a co-author of the final WHO report on the health effects of the Chernobyl Accident and co-author of WHO report ... Canada where he worked as a radiotherapy treatment planner for cancer patients. While in Regina, he collaborated with John R ... Repacholi was also active in the study of the health consequences of the Chernobyl accident in the nuclear reactor, in Ukraine ... Belarus was the most affected by the accident and so received much attention. Repacholi was awarded an honorary doctorate in ...
The Country Gentlemen originated in Washington, D.C. as the result of an automobile accident involving members of singer Buzz ... RadioTherapy # RTR-CD-001, 2008. COUNTRY CONCERT The Country Gentlemen, Gusto # 815, 2007. [Attenuated version (8 songs) of ... DARLIN' DARLIN' David Allan Coe, Columbia # 39617, 1985. FOR THE RECORD: THE FIRST TEN YEARS David Allan Coe, with Eddie & ... 1985. (CAS) LAID BACK The Masters, Pinecastle # 1065, 1997. SATURDAY NIGHT FISH FRY The Masters, CMH # 6268, 1990. THE MASTERS ...
Engineers were forced to imagine every unlikely accident, and the potential fallout associated with each accident. The AEC's ... "Sex ratio among offspring of childhood cancer survivors treated with radiotherapy". British Journal of Cancer. "Birth defects ... The nuclear accident still stands as the only accident in commercial nuclear power that led to radiation-related deaths. The ... The nuclear accident also took a heavy toll on the environment, including contamination in urban environments caused by the ...
Despite being a major highway, the condition of the road is poor leading to numerous accidents and fatalities. 16 billion ... In 1994, Sarawak General Hospital Department of Radiotherapy, Oncology & Palliative Care instituted an at-home care, or hospice ... Then, Stephen (13 September 2013). "Repair Pan Borneo Highway now, says Bintulu MP following latest fatal accident". The Star ( ... In 1985 English lost the status of an official language, leaving only Malay. Despite official policy, Sarawak opposition ...
Health risk assessment from the nuclear accident after the 2011 Great East Japan and Tsunami (PDF). World Health Organization. ... or indeed has been found in the later conceived children of cancer survivors who had previously received radiotherapy. The ... Radiation Health Effects of Atomic Bomb Explosions and Nuclear Power Plant Accidents". Oughterson, A. W.; LeRoy, G. V.; Liebow ... "Sex ratio among offspring of childhood cancer survivors treated with radiotherapy". Br J Cancer. 88 (3): 382-387. doi:10.1038/ ...
... is used for unsealed source radiotherapy in nuclear medicine to treat several conditions. It can also be detected by ... Guidelines for Iodine Prophylaxis following Nuclear Accidents (PDF), Geneva: World Health Organization, 1999 "Potable Aqua ... and can be released in nuclear weapons tests and nuclear accidents. However, the short half-life means it is not present in ... See potassium iodide for more information on prevention of radioiodine absorption by the thyroid during nuclear accident, or ...
The Radiological Accident in Goiânia. IAEA. 1988.. *^ Delacroix, D.; Guerre, J. P.; Leblanc, P.; Hickman, C. (2002). ... A wheel type radiotherapy device which has a long collimator to focus the radiation into a narrow beam. The caesium-137 ... Perhaps the best-known case is the Goiânia accident of 1987, in which an improperly-disposed-of radiation therapy system from ... It constitutes most of the radioactivity still left from the Chernobyl accident. Caesium-137 undergoes high-energy beta decay ...
"Deaths and Injuries at Major Accidents at British Football Stadiums". Football Licensing Authority. Archived from the original ... The event also raised cash for the Marina Dalglish Appeal which was contributed towards a radiotherapy centre at University ... Bradford City and Lincoln City, the teams involved in the Bradford City stadium fire, met for the first time since the 1985 ... The occasion was the first in which the two teams had met since the 1985 Bradford City stadium fire that had claimed 56 lives ...
Accidents and QA. *Verification of dose calculations in radiation therapy. *Radiation Safety in External Beam Radiotherapy ( ... Unsealed source radiotherapy (systemic radioisotope therapy)[edit]. Main article: Unsealed source radiotherapy ... 1979 Three Mile Island accident and Three Mile Island accident health effects ... stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy, or SABR - also known as SBRT, or stereotactic body radiotherapy) for subcranial ...
1996 San Juan de Dios radiotherapy accident. *1990 Clinic of Zaragoza radiotherapy accident ... "Normal" accidents, or system accidents, are so-called by Perrow because such accidents are inevitable in extremely complex ... The Three Mile Island accident inspired Charles Perrow's Normal Accident Theory, in which an accident occurs, resulting from an ... The TMI accident enhanced the credibility of anti-nuclear groups, who had predicted an accident,[85] and triggered protests ...
Severity will depend on the hydrostatic pressure difference.[39] A very rapid descent, usually by accident, may exceed the rate ... Eosinophilic, polymorphic, and pruritic eruption associated with radiotherapy. Radiation acne. Radiation-induced cancer. ... Barsky, Steven; Neuman, Tom (2003). Investigating Recreational and Commercial Diving Accidents. Santa Barbara, California: ... High-flow oxygen up to 100% is considered appropriate for diving accidents. Large-bore venous access with isotonic fluid ...
Inskip PD., Thyroid cancer after radiotherapy for childhood cancer. Lühikokkuvõte., Med Pediatr Oncol. mai 2001 ;36(5):568-73 ... with the anatomical effects of accidents and instructions for the performance of operations", tõlkija William Coulson, lk 148, ... Inskip PD., Thyroid cancer after radiotherapy for childhood cancer. Lühikokkuvõte., Med Pediatr Oncol. mai 2001 ;36(5):568-73 ... The Role of Radiotherapy for Thymic Carcinoma, Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol. (2004) 34 (12): 722-726., doi: 10.1093/jjco/hyh141, 2004 ...
1996 San Juan de Dios radiotherapy accident. *1990 Clinic of Zaragoza radiotherapy accident ... Some serious nuclear and radiation accidents have occurred. Nuclear power plant accidents include the SL-1 accident (1961), the ... 1979 Three Mile Island accident and Three Mile Island accident health effects ... Nuclear-powered submarine mishaps include the K-19 reactor accident (1961),[43] the K-27 reactor accident (1968),[44] and the K ...
2005-2006 - Epinal radiotherapy accident [fr]: a problem in dosimetry software caused an overdosage during radiotherapy. During ... "Zaragoza radiotherapy accident, 1990". www.johnstonsarchive.net. Archived from the original on 28 December 2017. Retrieved 3 ... Accidents related to nuclear power that involve fissile materials are listed at List of civilian nuclear accidents. Military ... Her dose was estimated to be 2.3 Gy by means of a blood test 41 days after the accident, 16 years after the accident the woman ...
Benjamin Jesse Folliard, Inspector of Accidents, British Overseas Airways Corporation. Samuel George Forsyth, Export Manager, ... Nellie Bella Reid, Superintendent Radiographer, Radiotherapy Department, Royal Marsden Hospital, London. Rosalie Sperling ... "Member (fourth class)" was renamed "Lieutenant" (LVO) from the 1985 New Year Honours onwards. Fourth Class William Horace ...
Following the accident however, studies of data sets approaching a million births in the EUROCAT database, divided into " ... Health effects on population near nuclear power plants and workers Radiology Radiotherapy Inge Schmitz-Feuerhake Biphasic Model ... However, in medical journals, studies detail that in Sweden in the year of the Chernobyl accident, the birth rate, both ... In the wake of the 1986 Chernobyl accident in Ukraine, Europe-wide anxieties were fomented in pregnant mothers over the ...
... a form of radiotherapy where a sealed radioactive source is placed inside or next to the area requiring treatment. Specific ... iridium-192 sources have been involved in a number of radiological accidents. Three other isotopes have half-lives of at least ... 4, July-August 1985 (5.5 MB PDF Archived 2017-02-01 at the Wayback Machine); and The Kilogram and Measurements of Mass and ...
Cancer treatment has been developed with radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgical oncology. Oral rehydration therapy has been ... disease and accidents. Conditions were poor in the Confederacy, where doctors and medical supplies were in short supply. The ... Durham: Duke University Press 1985. Michael E. Burke, The Royal College of San Carlos [Madrid]: Surgery and Spanish Medical ... Encyclopedia of Medical History (1985) Porter, Roy (1997). The Greatest Benefit to Mankind: A Medical History of Humanity from ...
... and pruritic eruption associated with radiotherapy Fluoroscopy burn Radiation acne Radiation cancer Radiation dermatitis ( ... idiopathic livedo reticularis with cerebrovascular accidents) Solar purpura (actinic purpura, senile purpura) Stasis dermatitis ... Goolamali SK (1985). "Drug eruptions". Postgrad Med J. 61 (720): 925-33. doi:10.1136/pgmj.61.720.925. PMC 2418295. PMID 2932688 ...
David Waldron Smithers, MD, FRCP, Professor of Radiotherapy, University of London. James Sharp Tait, Vice-Chancellor and ... For services to Industrial Accident Prevention. Juliana Hanson, lately Supervisor, Hope School Junior Training Centre, Wigan. ... Bertram Waring, President, West Riding of Yorkshire Accident Prevention Federation. William Edward Watson, Deputy Chief ... "Member (fourth class)" was renamed "Lieutenant" (LVO) from the 1985 New Year Honours onwards. Fourth Class Captain Alastair ...
"National Transportation Safety Board Aviation Accident Final Report, Accident no. LAX98FA008". NTSB.gov. October 12, 1997. ... Harrison's estate complained that during a round of experimental radiotherapy at Staten Island University Hospital, the ... "The jury's verdict flew in the face of the accepted logic of highway accidents, which holds that when a left turn is executed ... "James Dean dies in car accident - Sep 30, 1955 - HISTORY.com". History.com. Retrieved July 8, 2018. Keith Elliot Greenberg ( ...
In September 1987, a radioactive accident occurred in Goiânia, Goiás, after a radiotherapy device was stolen from an abandoned ... This accident motivated in loco, or on-the-spot, inspections of CNEN's Coordination of Nuclear Facilities (Coordenação de ... Authorities considered it a minor accident and stated that the workers and the residents of the area did not face contamination ... INB, the company responsible for the facility, tried to keep the accident secret, but nine employees broke their silence six ...
... compiled by Wm. Robert Johnston. last modified 13 June 2004 ... Leveson, Nancy, and Clark S. Turner, July 1993, "An investigation of the Therac-25 accidents," IEEE Computer, 26:18-41, on line ... A woman who received several treatments from September 1985 to 6 January 1986 developed radiation burns which were not ...
The accidents. A safer modern radiotherapy machine. The Therac-25 went into service in 1983. For several years and thousands of ... Posted in classic hacks, Featured, SliderTagged AECL, Radiotherapy, safety, Software Engineering, Therac-25. Post navigation. ← ... The same radiotherapy technician had been involved in both incidents, so [Fritz] brought her back into the control room to ... On April 11th, 1986, a second accident occurred in Tyler, Texas. This time the patient was being treated for skin cancer on his ...
... the radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica, the radiotherapy accident in Zaragoza, the radiation accident in Morocco, the Goiania ... the radiation accident in Mexico City, the radiotherapy unit accident in Thailand, and the Mayapuri radiological accident in ... The accident was detected only after the residents called in a health physicist. 1980: Houston radiotherapy accident, 7 ... the Three Mile Island accident (1979), and the SL-1 accident (1961). Nuclear power accidents can involve loss of life and large ...
The Therac Accidents*The Therac-25 was a radiotherapy machine sold by AECL ... Accident undesired, unplanned event resulting in specified kind/level of loss. 59. Definitions (2)*Hazard set of conditions on ... The Therac Accidents (5)*East Texas Cancer Centre, Mar 86 man burned in neck and died five months later of complications ... The Therac Accidents (3)*Previous models (Therac 6 and 20) had mechanical interlocks to prevent high-intensity beam use unless ...
radiotherapy. radiotherapy accident in Zaragoza[25]. 11. ?. Zaragoza, Spain 1996. radiotherapy. radiotherapy accident in Costa ... radiotherapy. Therac-25 radiation overdose accidents. 3. 3. 1984. orphan source. radiation accident in Morocco[23]. 8. 3. ... Radiotherapy accidents[change , change source]. Year. Type. Accident. ARS fatalities. ARS survivors. Location ... Nuclear accidents. Chernobyl disaster · Fukushima nuclear disaster · Mayak accident · Nuclear accidents in Japan · Three Mile ...
Nuclear and radiation accidents Goiânia accident Radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica Radiotherapy accident in Zaragoza ... In March 1984, a serious radiation accident occurred in Morocco, where eight people died from pulmonary hemorrhaging caused by ... The laborer, his family, and some relatives were the eight deaths caused by the accident. ... Lushbaugh, C; Ricks, R; Fry, S (1988). Radiological accidents: A historical review of sealed sources accidents. International ...
Accidents and QA. *Verification of dose calculations in radiation therapy. *Radiation Safety in External Beam Radiotherapy ( ... Unsealed source radiotherapy (systemic radioisotope therapy)[edit]. Main article: Unsealed source radiotherapy ... 1979 Three Mile Island accident and Three Mile Island accident health effects ... stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy, or SABR - also known as SBRT, or stereotactic body radiotherapy) for subcranial ...
Accidents and QA. *Verification of dose calculations in radiation therapy. *Radiation Safety in External Beam Radiotherapy ( ... May 2019). "Risk of subsequent primary cancers after carbon ion radiotherapy, photon radiotherapy, or surgery for localised ... Radionuclide therapy (also known as systemic radioisotope therapy, molecular radiotherapy or unsealed source radiotherapy), is ... stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy, or SABR - also known as SBRT, or stereotactic body radiotherapy) for subcranial ...
... the radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica,[15] the radiotherapy accident in Zaragoza,[16] the radiation accident in Morocco,[17] ... the Goiania accident,[18] the radiation accident in Mexico City, the radiotherapy unit accident in Thailand,[19] and the ... the Three Mile Island accident (1979), and the SL-1 accident (1961).[11] Nuclear power accidents can involve loss of life and ... 1980: Houston radiotherapy accident, 7 fatalities.[14][75]. *5 October 1982: Lost radiation source, Baku, Azerbaijan, USSR. 5 ...
Radionuclide Source Terms from Severe Accidents to Nuclear Power Plants With Light Water Reactors. A Report by the ... Radiotherapy in Developing Countries (Vienna, 1-5 Sept. 1986). Proceedings Series - International Atomic Energy Agency ... Properties of Neutron Sources (Proceedings of an Advisory Group Meeting, Leningrad, 9-13 June 1985). ... 10-13 December 1985 and Selected Papers from a Seminar, Copenhagen, 9-13 September 1985). ...
These involved nuclear power plant accidents, nuclear submarine accidents, radiotherapy accidents and other mishaps. ... 11 fatalities - Radiotherapy accident in Zaragoza, Spain, December 1990. Cancer patients receiving radiotherapy; 27 patients ... 13 fatalities - Radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica, 1996. 114 patients received an overdose of radiation from a Cobalt-60 ... 10 fatalities - Columbus radiotherapy accident, 1974-1976, 88 injuries from Cobalt-60 source.[18][22] ...
Radiotherapy accident in Zaragoza. Eleven fatalities and 27 other patients were injured.[6] 6 April 1993 - accident at the ... 1996 - Radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica. Thirteen fatalities and 114 other patients received an overdose of radiation.[5] ... Estimates of the total number of deaths attributable to the accident vary enormously. Despite the accident, Ukraine continued ... The accident raised concerns about the safety of the Soviet nuclear power industry, as well as nuclear power in general, ...
The TAMSA accident is reminiscent of the case of iron bars contaminated with Cobalt-60 that occurred in the mid-1980s in Ciudad ... In 1983, two hospital employees sold the ageing radiotherapy unit, still containing Cobalt-60, as scrap to Yonke Fénix, which ... Accidents recorded over the past 25 years testify to the fact that better governmental control is needed. In 2008, Tubos de ... In 1977 the private Medical Specialties Hospital in Ciudad Juárez illegally obtained a radiotherapy unit containing Cobalt-60 ...
THE ACCIDENT AT THE CHERNOBYL ATOMIC ENERGY STATION AND ITS CONSEQUENCES; DATA PREPARED FOR THE INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY ... "Mortality after Radiotherapy for Ringworm of the Scalp," AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY 127: 713-725. Rossi84 Rossi, Harald ... 16, 1985, Nara City. # # # # #. Next , ToC , Prev back to RIC , CNR , radiation , rat haus , Index , Search ... ANALYSIS OF THE RADIOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES OF THE ACCIDENT AT THE CHERNOBYL NUCLEAR POWER PLANT FOR THE POPULATION OF THE ...
... there are three settings in which radiation accidents can occ... ... from radiotherapy equipment has resulted in several accidents ... Effects observed following the Chernobyl accident. The Chernobyl accident is the most serious nuclear accident to have occurred ... The Chernobyl accident was what is known as a criticality accident-that is, a sudden (within the space of a few seconds) ... The Three Mile Island accident is classified as a thermal accident with no reactor runaway, and was the result of a reactor- ...
The Instituto Goiano de Radioterapia (IGR), a private radiotherapy institute in Goiânia,[1] was just 1 km (0.6 mi) northwest of ... List of civilian radiation accidents. References *1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 The Radiological accident in Goiânia (PDF). ... The Goiânia accident was a radioactive contamination accident that occurred on September 13, 1987, at Goiânia, in the Brazilian ... Goiânia accident. Coordinates: 16°40′29″S 49°15′51″W / 16.6746°S 49.2641°W / -16.6746; -49.2641 (Instituto Goiano de ...
Lee, T. R. Environmental Stress Reactions Following the Chernobyl Accident. In: One Decade After the Chernobyl Accident. ... Lindberg, S., Karlsson, P., Arvidsson, B., Holmberg, E., Lunberg, L. M., Wallgren, A. Cancer Incidence after Radiotherapy for ... Becker, S. M. Psychological Effects of Radiation Accidents. In: Medical Management of Radiation Accidents. Second edition. ... Kemeny, J. G. The Need for Change: The Legacy of TMI, Report of the Presidents Commission on The Accident at Three Mile Island ...
Radiotherapy, osseointegration and hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Periodontol 2000 2003; 33 145-62 * G H F G B Y V O B J F M H D S ... Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging of compressed air divers in diving accidents. Undersea Hyperb Med 2009; 36(1): 33-41 * G L ... Radiotherapy for Merkel cell carcinoma of the skin of the head and neck. Head Neck 1995; 17(2): 96-101 * M V, Dunaev I S, ... Extra-oral craniofacial endosseous implants and radiotherapy. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2003; 32(6): 585-92 * M N P Z A M M E ...
That year, my father was involved in a car accident and fractured his leg.. He was hospitalised for a few months. Once he came ... My father had to go for chemotherapy and radiotherapy. I now realised why the Lord allowed me to take an extra year. I was ... My father had to go for chemotherapy and radiotherapy. I now realised why the Lord allowed me to take an extra year. I was ... His father was involved in a car accident and diagnosed with cancer of the gallbladder. 1986 : Retook the GCE A-Level ...
1 accident in over-thought studies. be up a temperature of cancer-fighting the management. unplug your approaches with the type ... Seedhouse is item Radiotherapy on the Remarkable management of the China National Space Administration and its subject request ... Local accident for FREE movies Cancer drains highest in the youngest symptoms and books and media with Alternating guarantee. ... programming and chapter and whys for Identities with radiotherapy and their caps to be click and Check with the Aussies click ...
RT may increase the risk of cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) [13]. Although there was no patient in the present study who had ... conventionally fractionated radiotherapy; HFX, hypofractionated radiotherapy; IMRT, intensity-modulated radiotherapy; SIB, ... intensity-modulated radiotherapy; 3D CRT, three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy; BED10, biologically effective dose when α/β ... and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D CRT, n = 19) were analyzed. For all patients, radiotherapy was administered at ...
... accident recovery workers; liquidators; radiologists; radiological technologists; radiotherapists; radiotherapy technicians; ... The Chernobyl accident resulted in widespread radioactive contamination of areas populated by millions of people in the three ... In Russia and the Ukraine, no centralized cancer registration system was in place at the time of the accident. Work has been ... From 600,000 to 800,000 persons took part in the cleanup activities to liquidate the consequences of the Chernobyl accident. ...
a) Mainly accidents, intentional self-harm and assault.. (b) Due to processing and classification changes, 1979-1996 rates have ... Improved chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgical techniques, together with screening programs introduced in the 1990s, have ... Endnote 5) This narrowing has been attributed to a decline in motor vehicle accident deaths among young men, a decline in ... These increases have been partly due to lower infant mortality, fewer young people dying in motor vehicle accidents, and fewer ...
1987 Dr Linda Lashford The development of targeted radiotherapy to treat central nervous system tumours. 1988 Dr T H H G ... a trainee paediatrician who was killed in an accident. ... 1985 Dr C R Kennedy Aetiology, pathogenesis and prognosis in ...
Inauguration of Radiotherapy as a New Scientific Specialty by Leopold Freund 100 Years Ago. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 42 ( ... A Most Valuable Accident. New Yorker, (May 2, 1959): 49-92.. Lankford, John and Slavings, Rickey. Gender and Science: Women ... One Century of Radiotherapy in France 1896-1996. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics, 35 (1996): 227 ... The Development of Radiotherapy in Denmark during 100 Years: From Radiology to Oncology. Acta Oncologica, 34 no 8 (1995): 1005 ...
2005-2006 - Epinal radiotherapy accident [fr]: a problem in dosimetry software caused an overdosage during radiotherapy. During ... "Zaragoza radiotherapy accident, 1990". www.johnstonsarchive.net. Archived from the original on 28 December 2017. Retrieved 3 ... Accidents related to nuclear power that involve fissile materials are listed at List of civilian nuclear accidents. Military ... Her dose was estimated to be 2.3 Gy by means of a blood test 41 days after the accident, 16 years after the accident the woman ...
... fatal motor-vehicle accidents, other fatal accidents, rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease, syphilis and sequelae, ... Dewing 1965 (Stephen B.), Radiotherapy of Benign Disease. (311-page book.) Library of Congress Catalog Number LCCN 65-11686. * ... Such correlations do not happen just by accident. Moreover, they have happened in the way one would expect, if medical x-rays ... 1985, 1994 editions of Physician Characteristics & Distribution in the U.S. *Archer 1999 (Victor E.). Letter to John W. Gofman ...
Method of radiotherapy. Radiotherapy can be given as teletherapy (also known as external beam radiotherapy), when a beam of ... Radiation therapy accidents:. There are rigorous procedures in place to minimise the risk of accidental overexposure of ... What radiotherapy involves. When radiotherapy treatment is being given by external beam, its important the patient is in ... Patients having radiotherapy to the head or neck area may need to have a mould made to keep them in the right position. Moulds ...
  • Eighty-five patients with cT1-2N0M0 squamous cell carcinoma of the glottis who had undergone HFX, performed using intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT, n = 66) and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D CRT, n = 19) were analyzed. (e-roj.org)
  • furthermore, there is a lack of sufficient data regarding treatment of EGC by HFX performed using advanced techniques such as intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and/or simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) technique [ 12 ]. (e-roj.org)
  • New technologies, such as Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT), are more effective at targeting the radiation at the tumor, minimizing damage to nearby tissues and reducing side effects. (issuu.com)
  • Following surgery, the patient received chemotherapy for the carcinoma and radiotherapy for the plasmacytoma. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The patient finished chemotherapy and radiotherapy without significant adverse effects. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The patient was offered and accepted chemotherapy and radiotherapy based on previous research results about infiltrating ductal carcinoma and case reports about extramedullary plasmacytoma. (biomedcentral.com)
  • To report on long-term events after short doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) chemotherapy and adjuvant radiotherapy in favorable early-stage Hodgkin's lymphoma. (aacrjournals.org)
  • In 1990, we started a combined modality program of brief chemotherapy with four cycles of ABVD followed by adjuvant radiotherapy in adult patients with clinical stage IA-IIA Hodgkin's lymphoma. (aacrjournals.org)
  • He received a diagnosis of lung cancer in 2005 and died in 2009 despite undergoing 43 chemotherapy treatments and 44 trials of radiotherapy. (hsinjurylaw.com)
  • Are esterified with the Enanthate ester, which purposes, when take in prescribed (known as adjuvant treatment) and following chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. (wtfrly.com)
  • Serious radiation incidents/accidents include the Kyshtym disaster, the Windscale fire, the radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica, the radiotherapy accident in Zaragoza, the radiation accident in Morocco, the Goiania accident, the radiation accident in Mexico City, the radiotherapy unit accident in Thailand, and the Mayapuri radiological accident in India. (wikipedia.org)
  • Radiological accidents: A historical review of sealed sources accidents. (wikipedia.org)
  • December 1990 - Radiotherapy accident in Zaragoza. (blogspot.com)
  • During the years in question (1985-1990), approximately 99% of the mortgage originators paying the commitment fee consummated a sale transaction by delivering a mortgage loan to Freddie Mac. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • External irradiation occurs when individuals are exposed to an extracorporeal radiation source, either point (radiotherapy, irradiators) or diffuse (radioactive clouds and fallout from accidents, figure 1). (iloencyclopaedia.org)
  • glucan might be widely used as radioprotectant that could mitigate the biological effects of radiation exposure both in cases of radiation accidents or in medically used irradiation. (betaglucan.org)
  • Baranov A.E. (1994) Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation after severe uniform total body irradiation: experience from recent (Nyasvizh, Belarus) and previous radiation accidents, Adv. Biosci. (radioprotection.org)
  • On internal irradiation and the health consequences of the chernobyl accident Presented at the sixth conference of the british and irish charity organisations on mitigating the consequences in belarus of the chernobyl catastrophe, london april 6th 2001. (scribd.com)
  • all had received mediastinal irradiation and the median time from radiotherapy to pulmonary sequelae was 76 weeks (range: 50-123 weeks). (aacrjournals.org)
  • As to radiotherapy, we used the extended-field radiotherapy until 1997, and the involved-field radiotherapy thereafter, when data became available on the risk of secondary neoplasia after extensive radiotherapy, with particular emphasis on breast cancer after mantle irradiation in young women ( 14 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • Food irradiation processing : proceedings of an International Symposium on Food Irradiation Processing, held in Washington, D.C., 4-8 March 1985 / jointly organized by the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (who.int)
  • Cost-benefit aspects of food irradiation processing : proceedings of an International Symposium on Cost-Benefit Aspects of Food Irradiation Processing, held in Aix-en-Provence, 1-5 March 1993 / jointly organized by the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Health Organization. (who.int)
  • The subspecialty of oncology concerned with radiotherapy is called radiation oncology . (wikipedia.org)
  • He was appointed Professor of Radiation Oncology at the University of Massachusetts Medical School in 1985. (ncrponline.org)
  • Normal Accidents is a 1984 book by Yale sociologist Charles Perrow , which provides a detailed analysis of complex systems from a social sciences perspective. (wikipedia.org)
  • In March 1984, a serious radiation accident occurred in Morocco, where eight people died from pulmonary hemorrhaging caused by overexposure to radiation from a lost iridium-192 source. (wikipedia.org)
  • March 1984 - Radiation accident in Morocco, eight fatalities. (blogspot.com)
  • A woman who received several treatments from September 1985 to 6 January 1986 developed radiation burns which were not recognized as radiation injuries until another injury occurred in 1987. (johnstonsarchive.net)
  • The prime example of a "major nuclear accident" is one in which a reactor core is damaged and significant amounts of radioactive isotopes are released, such as in the Chernobyl disaster in 1986 and Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster in 2011. (wikipedia.org)
  • Serious nuclear power plant accidents include the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster (2011), the Chernobyl disaster (1986), the Three Mile Island accident (1979), and the SL-1 accident (1961). (wikipedia.org)
  • The worst nuclear accident to date was the Chernobyl disaster which occurred in 1986 in Ukraine. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the worst nuclear accidents to date was the Chernobyl disaster which occurred in 1986 in Ukraine . (wikipedia.org)
  • Following the Chernobyl accident in 1986, in five different countries, the cohort of children who were exposed in their mothers womb to radioisotopes from the releases suffered an excess risk of developing leukemia in their first year of life. (scribd.com)
  • There have been comparatively few fatalities associated with nuclear power plant accidents. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1962 - Radiation accident in Mexico City, four fatalities. (blogspot.com)
  • Flynn D.F., Mihalakis I., Mauceri T., Pins M.R. (1995) Gastrointestinal syndrome after accidental exposure during radiotherapy, in Radiation and the Gastrointestinal Tract (A. Dubois, G.L. King, D.R. Livengood, Eds. (radioprotection.org)
  • September 13, 1987 - Goiania accident. (blogspot.com)
  • 1991. Distribution of Cs-137 soils due to the Goiania accident and decisions for remedial action during the recovery phase. (cdc.gov)
  • Furthermore, because of the potential cardiac toxicity of doxorubicin and pulmonary toxicity of bleomycin (particularly when adjuvant mediastinal radiotherapy is given), the cumulative dose of both these drugs has been reduced by administering a limited number of ABVD courses (two to four). (aacrjournals.org)
  • As of 2014, there have been more than 100 serious nuclear accidents and incidents from the use of nuclear power. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fifty-seven accidents or severe incidents have occurred since the Chernobyl disaster, and about 60% of all nuclear-related accidents/severe incidents have occurred in the USA. (wikipedia.org)
  • Social scientist and energy policy expert, Benjamin K. Sovacool has reported that worldwide there have been 99 accidents at nuclear power plants from 1952 to 2009 (defined as incidents that either resulted in the loss of human life or more than US$50,000 of property damage, the amount the US federal government uses to define major energy accidents that must be reported), totaling US$20.5 billion in property damages. (wikipedia.org)
  • The download apocalypses: prophecies, hrs tried the non-renewable History of the codes, who would compare it firmly in 1981, 1985, and 1994. (ournest.com)
  • I have been a member of the Leicester Symphony Orchestra since 1985 and became principal second violin in 1994. (leicestersymphonyorchestra.co.uk)
  • For all patients, radiotherapy was administered at 60.75 Gy in 27 fractions. (e-roj.org)
  • All patients achieved complete remission at a median of 50 days after the end of radiotherapy (range, 14 to 206 days). (e-roj.org)
  • Patients with T1-2N0 early glottic cancer (EGC) have shown excellent local control and survival rates after undergoing either radiotherapy (RT) or surgical treatment [ 1 ]. (e-roj.org)
  • All patients who are to have radiotherapy need individually tailored treatment so it is given accurately. (findmeacure.com)
  • Multiple primary tumours in patients treated with radiotherapy for breast cancer. (nih.gov)
  • In this work, the quantification of the frequencies of chromosome aberrations and micronuclei were carried out based on cytogenetic analyses of peripheral blood samples from 5 patients with cervical uterine cancer following radiotherapy in order to evaluate the absorbed dose as a result of partial-body exposure to 60 Co source. (scielo.br)
  • We monitored late events and causes of death over 15 years (median follow-up, 120 months) in 120 patients with nonbulky stage IA-IIA Hodgkin's lymphoma, treated with four cycles of ABVD and limited radiotherapy. (aacrjournals.org)
  • In early-stage Hodgkin's lymphoma, the combined modality therapy reduces the risk of relapse compared with radiotherapy alone and is considered, to date, the standard therapy, particularly in clinically staged patients and/or in those with unfavorable prognostic factors ( 1 - 6 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • Making radiotherapy more accessible for all classes and countries will result in positive health benefits to save and improve the lives of cancer patients and positive economic benefits for low and middle-income populations around the world. (issuu.com)
  • The purpose of the study was to determine whether breast cancers (BCs) that develop in women previously irradiated for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) are biologically similar to sporadic BC.We retrospectively reviewed the charts of patients who developed BC after radiotherapy (RT) for HL. (stanford.edu)
  • On June 3, 1985, a woman was being treated for breast cancer. (hackaday.com)
  • A study published in 2005 by the World Health Organization estimates that there may eventually be up to 4,000 additional cancer deaths related to the accident among those exposed to significant radiation levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Radiation therapy or radiotherapy , often abbreviated RT , RTx , or XRT , is therapy using ionizing radiation , generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells and normally delivered by a linear accelerator . (wikipedia.org)
  • To evaluate the results of hypofractionated radiotherapy (HFX) for early glottic cancer. (e-roj.org)
  • Radiotherapy is a way of treating or managing cancer using radiation. (findmeacure.com)
  • Often general practitioners and the public see drugs and surger y as better options also because anti-cancer drugs, backed by the pharmaceutical industr y, are better promoted than radiotherapy. (issuu.com)
  • In the public, fewer than one in ten consider radiotherapy to be a modern form of cancer treatment with 40% describing the procedure as frightening. (issuu.com)
  • Histologic subtypes of breast cancer following radiotherapy for Hodgkin lymphoma. (stanford.edu)
  • Feeling of incomplete bladder emptying and/or those men who have undergone prior pelvic radiotherapy. (salganyc.org)
  • For a variety of applications, e.g., accelerator shielding design, neutrons in radiotherapy, radiation damage studies, etc., it is necessary to carry out transport calculations involving medium-energy (greater than or equal to20 MeV) neutrons. (unt.edu)
  • It moved to its new premises in 1985, leaving behind a caesium-137-based teletherapy unit that had been purchased in 1977. (ipfs.io)
  • Radiotherapy can be given as teletherapy (also known as external beam radiotherapy ), when a beam of radiation is aimed at the area to be treated from a machine located away from the patient. (findmeacure.com)
  • The Goiânia accident was a radioactive contamination accident that occurred on September 13, 1987, at Goiânia , in the Brazilian state of Goiás , after an old radiotherapy source was stolen from an abandoned hospital site in the city. (ipfs.io)
  • Most of the trials pointed that concomitant administration of B-glucan with chemo or radiotherapy reduced the immune depression caused by such treatments and/or accelerated the recovery of white blood cells counts. (betaglucan.org)
  • Goris R.J., Beokhorst P.A., Nuytinck K.S. (1985) Multiple organ failure: generalized autodestructive inflammation, Arch. (radioprotection.org)
  • The risk of cardiovascular events at 5 and 12 years was 5.5% and 14%, with a median latent time of 67 months (range: 23-179 months) from the end of radiotherapy. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Kidney disease children born with low birth weight Prader-Willi syndrome spleen removed in 1998 after an accident, and that you will do very efficiently, effectively and timely by using best steroid cutting cycles. (wtfrly.com)
  • The Global Impact of the Chernobyl Reactor Accident," SCIENCE 242: 1513-1519. (ratical.org)
  • Millions of people globally have died unnecessarily from cancers that could have been treated by radiotherapy. (issuu.com)
  • The radiation source in the Goiânia accident was a small capsule containing about 93 grams (3.3 oz) of highly radioactive caesium chloride (a caesium salt made with a radioisotope , caesium-137 ) encased in a shielding canister made of lead and steel . (ipfs.io)
  • In 1983, two hospital employees sold the ageing radiotherapy unit, still containing Cobalt-60, as scrap to Yonke Fénix, which sold it on to the now defunct state-owned Aceros de Chihuahua (Chihuahua Steel Company). (ipsnews.net)
  • The inspiration for Perrow's books was the 1979 Three Mile Island accident , where a nuclear accident resulted from an unanticipated interaction of multiple failures in a complex system. (wikipedia.org)
  • The development of radioprotective substances has attracted an increasing interest because of their potential use in radiotherapy, counteracting occupational radiation hazards, space exploration, and in research. (e-algae.org)
  • The Chernobyl accident was what is known as a criticality accident -that is, a sudden (within the space of a few seconds) increase in fission leading to a loss of process control. (iloencyclopaedia.org)
  • barrier option of Canadian Servicemen Involved in Decontamination Duties at Chalk River and Observation of Nuclear Bomb Tests ', known for the Department of National Defence by Statistics Canada( Occupational and Environmental Health Research Unit), June 1985. (atlantaflyfishingschool.com)
  • Nuclear-powered submarine accidents include the K-19 (1961), K-11 (1965), K-27 (1968), K-140 (1968), K-429 (1970), K-222 (1980), and K-431 (1985) accidents. (wikipedia.org)
  • July 4, 1961 - Soviet submarine K-19 accident. (blogspot.com)
  • Cells able to incorporate tritiated thymidine in vitro in 6-thioguanine containing shot-term cultures were enumerated in order to determine 6-thioguanine resistant (TGr) variant frequencies in cryopreserved lymphocytes from control indivuals and 3 persons suspected of 60Co exposure from an accident in Cd. (bvsalud.org)
  • The rapid advances in X-ray diagnostic techniques, radiotherapy, and nuclear technology has increased the implementation of strategies to discover effective radioprotectors. (e-algae.org)
  • Ipodate sodium (bilivist, not be used only for kuru and creutzfeldt-jakob parkinson disease, cerebral vascular accident nc nc 11/1 71/6.6 nc 5.4 total complications 35/4.4 133/4 75/12.8 nc *laparoscopic approach. (goodbelly.com)
  • In manual mode, a radiotherapy technician would physically set up various parts of the machine, including the turntable to place one of three devices in the path of the electron beam. (hackaday.com)
  • Our clients are usually down and out after a serious accident, struggling financially, physically, and emotionally. (hsinjurylaw.com)
  • In 1977 the private Medical Specialties Hospital in Ciudad Juárez illegally obtained a radiotherapy unit containing Cobalt-60 that was acquired as contraband from a U.S. supplier. (ipsnews.net)
  • The core of radioactive Cobalt-60 in a radiotherapy unit produces highly penetrating radiation. (ipsnews.net)
  • A nuclear and radiation accident is defined by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as "an event that has led to significant consequences to people, the environment or the facility. (wikipedia.org)
  • Figures suggest that as many as nine out of ten people in low-income countries cannot access radiotherapy treatment. (issuu.com)
  • Twenty years ago the public was told that radiotherapy was a treatment of the past and would be superseded by a magic bullet, but radiotherapy is still a magic bullet. (issuu.com)
  • These increases have been partly due to lower infant mortality, fewer young people dying in motor vehicle accidents, and fewer older men dying from heart disease. (abs.gov.au)
  • Some of the most serious nuclear and radiation accidents by death toll in the world have involved nuclear submarine mishaps. (wikipedia.org)
  • Loss-of-coolant accident, leading to a partial core meltdown and massive radioactive contamination of the cavern, which was then sealed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Leveson, Nancy, and Clark S. Turner, July 1993, "An investigation of the Therac-25 accidents," IEEE Computer , 26:18-41, on line at Computer Science at Virginia Tech [ http://courses.cs.vt.edu/~cs3604/lib/Therac_25/Therac_2.html ]. (johnstonsarchive.net)
  • 6 April 1993 - accident at the Tomsk-7 Reprocessing Complex, when a tank exploded while being cleaned with nitric acid. (blogspot.com)
  • Radioactive fallout from the accident was concentrated in areas of Belarus, Ukraine and Russia. (wikipedia.org)
  • A characterisation can learn up to a accident volumes in some pas, while a detailed 30 tissues is Contrast-enhanced. (diegesundheitsrechtler.de)
  • A wheel type radiotherapy device which has a long collimator to focus the radiation into a narrow beam. (ipfs.io)
  • An academic review of many reactor accident and the phenomena of these events was published by Mark Foreman. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our news stories about accidents, events, injuries, and lawsuits are researched and published by our team of experienced personal injury attorneys and could help you learn more about your personal injury case. (hsinjurylaw.com)
  • The Instituto Goiano de Radioterapia (IGR), a private radiotherapy institute in Goiânia, [1] was just 1 km (0.6 mi) northwest of Praça Cívica, the administrative center of the city. (ipfs.io)
  • mammal tips, a accident INSTITUTE. (fourpawspetresort.ca)
  • Accidents recorded over the past 25 years testify to the fact that better governmental control is needed. (ipsnews.net)
  • Potassium confiance toute acheter ou du viagra en paraaminobenzoate (potaba) in the years (usually when he developed breasts and genitals. (salganyc.org)
  • As a personal history, he had cranial trauma due to car accident approximately 4 months before the presentation, resulting in multiple facial skin lacerations, associated with orbital fracture, right cornea, and anterior chamber of right eye injuries. (frontiersin.org)
  • Rosalyn Yalow and her colleague Solomon Berson removed this barrier to research almost by accident. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • His research areas include nuclear radiation and medical physics, radiobiology, radiotherapy, and radiation protection. (larouchepub.com)
  • Nuclear power accidents can involve loss of life and large monetary costs for remediation work. (wikipedia.org)
  • Accidents related to nuclear power that involve fissile materials are listed at List of civilian nuclear accidents . (wikipedia.org)
  • This time, I’d like to make a quick reflection on radiotherapy, an essential branch of radiology. (issuu.com)