Radiotherapy: The use of IONIZING RADIATION to treat malignant NEOPLASMS and some benign conditions.AccidentsRadiotherapy Dosage: The total amount of radiation absorbed by tissues as a result of radiotherapy.Accidents, Traffic: Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.Radiotherapy, Conformal: Radiotherapy where there is improved dose homogeneity within the tumor and reduced dosage to uninvolved structures. The precise shaping of dose distribution is achieved via the use of computer-controlled multileaf collimators.Radiotherapy, Adjuvant: Radiotherapy given to augment some other form of treatment such as surgery or chemotherapy. Adjuvant radiotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.Accidents, Occupational: Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated: CONFORMAL RADIOTHERAPY that combines several intensity-modulated beams to provide improved dose homogeneity and highly conformal dose distributions.Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted: Computer-assisted mathematical calculations of beam angles, intensities of radiation, and duration of irradiation in radiotherapy.Radiotherapy, High-Energy: Radiotherapy using high-energy (megavolt or higher) ionizing radiation. Types of radiation include gamma rays, produced by a radioisotope within a teletherapy unit; x-rays, electrons, protons, alpha particles (helium ions) and heavy charged ions, produced by particle acceleration; and neutrons and pi-mesons (pions), produced as secondary particles following bombardment of a target with a primary particle.Combined Modality Therapy: The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.Radiation Injuries: Harmful effects of non-experimental exposure to ionizing or non-ionizing radiation in VERTEBRATES.Accident Prevention: Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.Dose Fractionation: Administration of the total dose of radiation (RADIATION DOSAGE) in parts, at timed intervals.Radiotherapy, Computer-Assisted: Computer systems or programs used in accurate computations for providing radiation dosage treatment to patients.Chernobyl Nuclear Accident: April 25th -26th, 1986 nuclear power accident that occurred at Chernobyl in the former USSR (Ukraine) located 80 miles north of Kiev.Radiotherapy, Image-Guided: The use of pre-treatment imaging modalities to position the patient, delineate the target, and align the beam of radiation to achieve optimal accuracy and reduce radiation damage to surrounding non-target tissues.Accidents, HomeAccident Proneness: Tendency toward involvement in accidents. Implies certain personality characteristics which predispose to accidents.Fukushima Nuclear Accident: Nuclear power accident that occurred following the Tohoku-Kanto earthquake of March 11, 2011 in the northern region of Japan.Radioactive Hazard Release: Uncontrolled release of radioactive material from its containment. This either threatens to, or does, cause exposure to a radioactive hazard. Such an incident may occur accidentally or deliberately.Radiation Oncology: A subspecialty of medical oncology and radiology concerned with the radiotherapy of cancer.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation: The relationship between the dose of administered radiation and the response of the organism or tissue to the radiation.Accidents, AviationRadiosurgery: A radiological stereotactic technique developed for cutting or destroying tissue by high doses of radiation in place of surgical incisions. It was originally developed for neurosurgery on structures in the brain and its use gradually spread to radiation surgery on extracranial structures as well. The usual rigid needles or probes of stereotactic surgery are replaced with beams of ionizing radiation directed toward a target so as to achieve local tissue destruction.Head and Neck Neoplasms: Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)Brachytherapy: A collective term for interstitial, intracavity, and surface radiotherapy. It uses small sealed or partly-sealed sources that may be placed on or near the body surface or within a natural body cavity or implanted directly into the tissues.Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.Neoplasm Recurrence, Local: The local recurrence of a neoplasm following treatment. It arises from microscopic cells of the original neoplasm that have escaped therapeutic intervention and later become clinically visible at the original site.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Neoplasm Staging: Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.Insurance, Accident: Insurance providing coverage for physical injury suffered as a result of unavoidable circumstances.Chemoradiotherapy: Treatment that combines chemotherapy with radiotherapy.UkraineWounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols: The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially in the drug therapy of neoplasms. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the NASOPHARYNX.Disease-Free Survival: Period after successful treatment in which there is no appearance of the symptoms or effects of the disease.Brain Neoplasms: Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Carcinoma, Squamous Cell: A carcinoma derived from stratified SQUAMOUS EPITHELIAL CELLS. It may also occur in sites where glandular or columnar epithelium is normally present. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Survival Rate: The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.Radiation Tolerance: The ability of some cells or tissues to survive lethal doses of IONIZING RADIATION. Tolerance depends on the species, cell type, and physical and chemical variables, including RADIATION-PROTECTIVE AGENTS and RADIATION-SENSITIZING AGENTS.Radiation Dosage: The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).Organs at Risk: Organs which might be damaged during exposure to a toxin or to some form of therapy. It most frequently refers to healthy organs located in the radiation field during radiation therapy.Survival Analysis: A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.Radiation-Sensitizing Agents: Drugs used to potentiate the effectiveness of radiation therapy in destroying unwanted cells.Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced: Tumors, cancer or other neoplasms produced by exposure to ionizing or non-ionizing radiation.Radiometry: The measurement of radiation by photography, as in x-ray film and film badge, by Geiger-Mueller tube, and by SCINTILLATION COUNTING.Lung Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Rectal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the RECTUM.Chemotherapy, Adjuvant: Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.Particle Accelerators: Devices which accelerate electrically charged atomic or subatomic particles, such as electrons, protons or ions, to high velocities so they have high kinetic energy.Cisplatin: An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.Cranial Irradiation: The exposure of the head to roentgen rays or other forms of radioactivity for therapeutic or preventive purposes.Automobile Driving: The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Cesium Radioisotopes: Unstable isotopes of cesium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cs atoms with atomic weights of 123, 125-132, and 134-145 are radioactive cesium isotopes.Prostatic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.Radiation Pneumonitis: Inflammation of the lung due to harmful effects of ionizing or non-ionizing radiation.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Pelvic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the pelvic region.Laryngeal Neoplasms: Cancers or tumors of the LARYNX or any of its parts: the GLOTTIS; EPIGLOTTIS; LARYNGEAL CARTILAGES; LARYNGEAL MUSCLES; and VOCAL CORDS.Mastectomy, Segmental: Removal of only enough breast tissue to ensure that the margins of the resected surgical specimen are free of tumor.Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Motorcycles: Two-wheeled, engine-driven vehicles.Hodgkin Disease: A malignant disease characterized by progressive enlargement of the lymph nodes, spleen, and general lymphoid tissue. In the classical variant, giant usually multinucleate Hodgkin's and REED-STERNBERG CELLS are present; in the nodular lymphocyte predominant variant, lymphocytic and histiocytic cells are seen.Radiation Monitoring: The observation, either continuously or at intervals, of the levels of radiation in a given area, generally for the purpose of assuring that they have not exceeded prescribed amounts or, in case of radiation already present in the area, assuring that the levels have returned to those meeting acceptable safety standards.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Radiodermatitis: A cutaneous inflammatory reaction occurring as a result of exposure to ionizing radiation.Heavy Ion Radiotherapy: The use of a heavy ion particle beam for radiotherapy, such as the HEAVY IONS of CARBON.Vincristine: An antitumor alkaloid isolated from VINCA ROSEA. (Merck, 11th ed.)Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Neoplasms, Second Primary: Abnormal growths of tissue that follow a previous neoplasm but are not metastases of the latter. The second neoplasm may have the same or different histological type and can occur in the same or different organs as the previous neoplasm but in all cases arises from an independent oncogenic event. The development of the second neoplasm may or may not be related to the treatment for the previous neoplasm since genetic risk or predisposing factors may actually be the cause.Dacarbazine: An antineoplastic agent. It has significant activity against melanomas. (from Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 31st ed, p564)Organ Sparing Treatments: Techniques, procedures, and therapies carried out on diseased organs in such a way to avoid complete removal of the organ and preserve the remaining organ function.Radioactive Pollutants: Radioactive substances which act as pollutants. They include chemicals whose radiation is released via radioactive waste, nuclear accidents, fallout from nuclear explosions, and the like.Xerostomia: Decreased salivary flow.Procarbazine: An antineoplastic agent used primarily in combination with mechlorethamine, vincristine, and prednisone (the MOPP protocol) in the treatment of Hodgkin's disease.Fluorouracil: A pyrimidine analog that is an antineoplastic antimetabolite. It interferes with DNA synthesis by blocking the THYMIDYLATE SYNTHETASE conversion of deoxyuridylic acid to thymidylic acid.Neoadjuvant Therapy: Preliminary cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone/endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, hyperthermia, etc.) that precedes a necessary second modality of treatment.Radioisotope Teletherapy: A type of high-energy radiotherapy using a beam of gamma-radiation produced by a radioisotope source encapsulated within a teletherapy unit.Antineoplastic Agents: Substances that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of NEOPLASMS.Cobalt Radioisotopes: Unstable isotopes of cobalt that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Co atoms with atomic weights of 54-64, except 59, are radioactive cobalt isotopes.Craniocerebral Trauma: Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.Spinal NeoplasmsNuclear Power Plants: Facilities that convert NUCLEAR ENERGY into electrical energy.Palliative Care: Care alleviating symptoms without curing the underlying disease. (Stedman, 25th ed)Adenocarcinoma: A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.Radiation-Protective Agents: Drugs used to protect against ionizing radiation. They are usually of interest for use in radiation therapy but have been considered for other, e.g. military, purposes.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung: A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.Lymphatic Irradiation: External or interstitial irradiation to treat lymphomas (e.g., Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas) and lymph node metastases and also some autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis.EnglandRadioactive Fallout: The material that descends to the earth or water well beyond the site of a surface or subsurface nuclear explosion. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Chemical and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Mechlorethamine: A biologic alkylating agent that exerts its cytotoxic effects by forming DNA ADDUCTS and DNA interstrand crosslinks, thereby inhibiting rapidly proliferating cells. The hydrochloride is an antineoplastic agent used to treat HODGKIN DISEASE and LYMPHOMA.Uterine Cervical Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.Pelvis: The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.Carcinoma: A malignant neoplasm made up of epithelial cells tending to infiltrate the surrounding tissues and give rise to metastases. It is a histological type of neoplasm but is often wrongly used as a synonym for "cancer." (From Dorland, 27th ed)Nuclear Reactors: Devices containing fissionable material in sufficient quantity and so arranged as to be capable of maintaining a controlled, self-sustaining NUCLEAR FISSION chain reaction. They are also known as atomic piles, atomic reactors, fission reactors, and nuclear piles, although such names are deprecated. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Power Plants: Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.Glioblastoma: A malignant form of astrocytoma histologically characterized by pleomorphism of cells, nuclear atypia, microhemorrhage, and necrosis. They may arise in any region of the central nervous system, with a predilection for the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, and commissural pathways. Clinical presentation most frequently occurs in the fifth or sixth decade of life with focal neurologic signs or seizures.Kaplan-Meier Estimate: A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)Emergency Medicine: The branch of medicine concerned with the evaluation and initial treatment of urgent and emergent medical problems, such as those caused by accidents, trauma, sudden illness, poisoning, or disasters. Emergency medical care can be provided at the hospital or at sites outside the medical facility.Salvage Therapy: A therapeutic approach, involving chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery, after initial regimens have failed to lead to improvement in a patient's condition. Salvage therapy is most often used for neoplastic diseases.Bleomycin: A complex of related glycopeptide antibiotics from Streptomyces verticillus consisting of bleomycin A2 and B2. It inhibits DNA metabolism and is used as an antineoplastic, especially for solid tumors.Mastectomy: Surgical procedure to remove one or both breasts.Great BritainIridium Radioisotopes: Unstable isotopes of iridium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Ir atoms with atomic weights 182-190, 192, and 194-198 are radioactive iridium isotopes.Emergencies: Situations or conditions requiring immediate intervention to avoid serious adverse results.Wounds, Nonpenetrating: Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.Naval Medicine: The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.Osteoradionecrosis: Necrosis of bone following radiation injury.Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating: A class of drugs that differs from other alkylating agents used clinically in that they are monofunctional and thus unable to cross-link cellular macromolecules. Among their common properties are a requirement for metabolic activation to intermediates with antitumor efficacy and the presence in their chemical structures of N-methyl groups, that after metabolism, can covalently modify cellular DNA. The precise mechanisms by which each of these drugs acts to kill tumor cells are not completely understood. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p2026)Esophageal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the ESOPHAGUS.Glioma: Benign and malignant central nervous system neoplasms derived from glial cells (i.e., astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and ependymocytes). Astrocytes may give rise to astrocytomas (ASTROCYTOMA) or glioblastoma multiforme (see GLIOBLASTOMA). Oligodendrocytes give rise to oligodendrogliomas (OLIGODENDROGLIOMA) and ependymocytes may undergo transformation to become EPENDYMOMA; CHOROID PLEXUS NEOPLASMS; or colloid cysts of the third ventricle. (From Escourolle et al., Manual of Basic Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p21)Lymphatic Metastasis: Transfer of a neoplasm from its primary site to lymph nodes or to distant parts of the body by way of the lymphatic system.Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Nuclear Fission: Nuclear reaction in which the nucleus of a heavy atom such as uranium or plutonium is split into two approximately equal parts by a neutron, charged particle, or photon.Thoracic NeoplasmsTumor Burden: The total amount (cell number, weight, size or volume) of tumor cells or tissue in the body.Doxorubicin: Antineoplastic antibiotic obtained from Streptomyces peucetius. It is a hydroxy derivative of DAUNORUBICIN.Patient Positioning: Moving a patient into a specific position or POSTURE to facilitate examination, surgery, or for therapeutic purposes.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Radiotherapy Setup Errors: Mistakes committed in the preparations for radiotherapy, including errors in positioning of patients, alignment radiation beams, or calculation of radiation doses.Fiducial Markers: Materials used as reference points for imaging studies.Vinblastine: Antitumor alkaloid isolated from Vinca rosea. (Merck, 11th ed.)Sarcoma: A connective tissue neoplasm formed by proliferation of mesodermal cells; it is usually highly malignant.Laryngectomy: Total or partial excision of the larynx.Cyclophosphamide: Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.Androgen Antagonists: Compounds which inhibit or antagonize the biosynthesis or actions of androgens.Fast Neutrons: Neutrons, the energy of which exceeds some arbitrary level, usually around one million electron volts.Oropharyngeal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the OROPHARYNX.Motor Vehicles: AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Ships: Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.Radiation, Ionizing: ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION or particle radiation (high energy ELEMENTARY PARTICLES) capable of directly or indirectly producing IONS in its passage through matter. The wavelengths of ionizing electromagnetic radiation are equal to or smaller than those of short (far) ultraviolet radiation and include gamma and X-rays.Heavy Ions: Positively-charged atomic nuclei that have been stripped of their electrons. These particles have one or more units of electric charge and a mass exceeding that of the Helium-4 nucleus (alpha particle).Nuclear Physics: The study of the characteristics, behavior, and internal structures of the atomic nucleus and its interactions with other nuclei. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Supratentorial Neoplasms: Primary and metastatic (secondary) tumors of the brain located above the tentorium cerebelli, a fold of dura mater separating the CEREBELLUM and BRAIN STEM from the cerebral hemispheres and DIENCEPHALON (i.e., THALAMUS and HYPOTHALAMUS and related structures). In adults, primary neoplasms tend to arise in the supratentorial compartment, whereas in children they occur more frequently in the infratentorial space. Clinical manifestations vary with the location of the lesion, but SEIZURES; APHASIA; HEMIANOPSIA; hemiparesis; and sensory deficits are relatively common features. Metastatic supratentorial neoplasms are frequently multiple at the time of presentation.Lomustine: An alkylating agent of value against both hematologic malignancies and solid tumors.Proton Therapy: The use of an external beam of PROTONS as radiotherapy.Nimustine: Antineoplastic agent especially effective against malignant brain tumors. The resistance which brain tumor cells acquire to the initial effectiveness of this drug can be partially overcome by the simultaneous use of membrane-modifying agents such as reserpine, calcium antagonists such as nicardipine or verapamil, or the calmodulin inhibitor, trifluoperazine. The drug has also been used in combination with other antineoplastic agents or with radiotherapy for the treatment of various neoplasms.Drowning: Death that occurs as a result of anoxia or heart arrest, associated with immersion in liquid.Food Contamination, RadioactiveIncidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the HYPOPHARYNX.Drug Administration Schedule: Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.Multiple Trauma: Multiple physical insults or injuries occurring simultaneously.Positron-Emission Tomography: An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.Amifostine: A phosphorothioate proposed as a radiation-protective agent. It causes splenic vasodilation and may block autonomic ganglia.Remission Induction: Therapeutic act or process that initiates a response to a complete or partial remission level.Bone Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer located in bone tissue or specific BONES.Prednisone: A synthetic anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid derived from CORTISONE. It is biologically inert and converted to PREDNISOLONE in the liver.Whiplash Injuries: Hyperextension injury to the neck, often the result of being struck from behind by a fast-moving vehicle, in an automobile accident. (From Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Radiopharmaceuticals: Compounds that are used in medicine as sources of radiation for radiotherapy and for diagnostic purposes. They have numerous uses in research and industry. (Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1161)Accidental Falls: Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.Neoplasm Metastasis: The transfer of a neoplasm from one organ or part of the body to another remote from the primary site.Mucositis: An INFLAMMATION of the MUCOSA with burning or tingling sensation. It is characterized by atrophy of the squamous EPITHELIUM, vascular damage, inflammatory infiltration, and ulceration. It usually occurs at the mucous lining of the MOUTH, the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or the airway due to chemical irritations, CHEMOTHERAPY, or radiation therapy (RADIOTHERAPY).Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Central Nervous System Neoplasms: Benign and malignant neoplastic processes that arise from or secondarily involve the brain, spinal cord, or meninges.Thoracic Injuries: General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.Skull Base Neoplasms: Neoplasms of the base of the skull specifically, differentiated from neoplasms of unspecified sites or bones of the skull (SKULL NEOPLASMS).Nose Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the NOSE.Chemoradiotherapy, Adjuvant: Combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy given to augment some other form of treatment such as surgery. It is commonly used in the therapy of cancer.Etoposide: A semisynthetic derivative of PODOPHYLLOTOXIN that exhibits antitumor activity. Etoposide inhibits DNA synthesis by forming a complex with topoisomerase II and DNA. This complex induces breaks in double stranded DNA and prevents repair by topoisomerase II binding. Accumulated breaks in DNA prevent entry into the mitotic phase of cell division, and lead to cell death. Etoposide acts primarily in the G2 and S phases of the cell cycle.Cause of Death: Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.Esthesioneuroblastoma, Olfactory: A malignant olfactory neuroblastoma arising from the olfactory epithelium of the superior nasal cavity and cribriform plate. It is uncommon (3% of nasal tumors) and rarely is associated with the production of excess hormones (e.g., SIADH, Cushing Syndrome). It has a high propensity for multiple local recurrences and bony metastases. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3rd ed, p1245; J Laryngol Otol 1998 Jul;112(7):628-33)Vindesine: Vinblastine derivative with antineoplastic activity against CANCER. Major side effects are myelosuppression and neurotoxicity. Vindesine is used extensively in chemotherapy protocols (ANTINEOPLASTIC COMBINED CHEMOTHERAPY PROTOCOLS).Trauma Severity Indices: Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.Meningeal Neoplasms: Benign and malignant neoplastic processes that arise from or secondarily involve the meningeal coverings of the brain and spinal cord.JapanPostoperative Care: The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Injury Severity Score: An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Carboplatin: An organoplatinum compound that possesses antineoplastic activity.Stomatitis: INFLAMMATION of the soft tissues of the MOUTH, such as MUCOSA; PALATE; GINGIVA; and LIP.Astrocytoma: Neoplasms of the brain and spinal cord derived from glial cells which vary from histologically benign forms to highly anaplastic and malignant tumors. Fibrillary astrocytomas are the most common type and may be classified in order of increasing malignancy (grades I through IV). In the first two decades of life, astrocytomas tend to originate in the cerebellar hemispheres; in adults, they most frequently arise in the cerebrum and frequently undergo malignant transformation. (From Devita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp2013-7; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1082)Skull Fractures: Fractures of the skull which may result from penetrating or nonpenetrating head injuries or rarely BONE DISEASES (see also FRACTURES, SPONTANEOUS). Skull fractures may be classified by location (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR), radiographic appearance (e.g., linear), or based upon cranial integrity (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, DEPRESSED).Preoperative Care: Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Treatment Failure: A measure of the quality of health care by assessment of unsuccessful results of management and procedures used in combating disease, in individual cases or series.Medical Staff, Hospital: Professional medical personnel approved to provide care to patients in a hospital.Prostate-Specific Antigen: A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.Facial Injuries: General or unspecified injuries to the soft tissue or bony portions of the face.Health Physics: The science concerned with problems of radiation protection relevant to reducing or preventing radiation exposure, and the effects of ionizing radiation on humans and their environment.Actuarial Analysis: The application of probability and statistical methods to calculate the risk of occurrence of any event, such as onset of illness, recurrent disease, hospitalization, disability, or death. It may include calculation of the anticipated money costs of such events and of the premiums necessary to provide for payment of such costs.Four-Dimensional Computed Tomography: Three-dimensional computed tomographic imaging with the added dimension of time, to follow motion during imaging.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Prostatectomy: Complete or partial surgical removal of the prostate. Three primary approaches are commonly employed: suprapubic - removal through an incision above the pubis and through the urinary bladder; retropubic - as for suprapubic but without entering the urinary bladder; and transurethral (TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF PROSTATE).Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Protective Devices: Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.Gamma Rays: Penetrating, high-energy electromagnetic radiation emitted from atomic nuclei during NUCLEAR DECAY. The range of wavelengths of emitted radiation is between 0.1 - 100 pm which overlaps the shorter, more energetic hard X-RAYS wavelengths. The distinction between gamma rays and X-rays is based on their radiation source.LondonRadiation ProtectionRadiobiology: Study of the scientific principles, mechanisms, and effects of the interaction of ionizing radiation with living matter. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Rectum: The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.
Nuclear and radiation accidents Goiânia accident Radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica Radiotherapy accident in Zaragoza ... Lushbaugh, C; Ricks, R; Fry, S (1988). Radiological accidents: A historical review of sealed sources accidents. International ... In March 1984, a serious radiation accident occurred in Morocco, where eight people died from pulmonary hemorrhaging caused by ... The laborer, his family, and some relatives were the eight deaths caused by the accident. ...
Accidents and QA. *Verification of dose calculations in radiation therapy. *Radiation Safety in External Beam Radiotherapy ( ... Unsealed source radiotherapy (systemic radioisotope therapy)[edit]. Main article: Unsealed source radiotherapy ... 1979 Three Mile Island accident and Three Mile Island accident health effects ... stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy, or SABR - also known as SBRT, or stereotactic body radiotherapy) for subcranial ...
1974-1976 - Columbus radiotherapy accident, 10 deaths and 88 injuries. 1979 - Church Rock Uranium Mill spill in New Mexico. ... The Radiological Accident in Goiania p. 2. Medical management of radiation accidents pp. 299 & 303. Thule Accident, January 21 ... 1996 - Radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica. Thirteen fatalities and 114 other patients received an overdose of radiation. ... 1980 - Houston radiotherapy accident, 7 deaths. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Lists of nuclear disasters and ...
... the radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica,[15] the radiotherapy accident in Zaragoza,[16] the radiation accident in Morocco,[17] ... the Goiania accident,[18] the radiation accident in Mexico City, the radiotherapy unit accident in Thailand,[19] and the ... the Three Mile Island accident (1979), and the SL-1 accident (1961).[11] Nuclear power accidents can involve loss of life and ... 1980: Houston radiotherapy accident, 7 fatalities.[14][75]. *5 October 1982: Lost radiation source, Baku, Azerbaijan, USSR. 5 ...
Accidents and QA. *Verification of dose calculations in radiation therapy. *Radiation Safety in External Beam Radiotherapy ( ... Unsealed source radiotherapy (systemic radioisotope therapy)Edit. Main article: Unsealed source radiotherapy ... stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy, or SABR - also known as SBRT, or stereotactic body radiotherapy) for subcranial ... Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, often abbreviated RT, RTx, or XRT, is therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of ...
radiotherapy. radiotherapy accident in Zaragoza[25]. 11. ?. Zaragoza, Spain 1996. radiotherapy. radiotherapy accident in Costa ... radiotherapy. Therac-25 radiation overdose accidents. 3. 3. 1984. orphan source. radiation accident in Morocco[23]. 8. 3. ... Radiotherapy accidents[change , change source]. Year. Type. Accident. ARS fatalities. ARS survivors. Location ... Nuclear accidents. Chernobyl disaster · Fukushima nuclear disaster · Mayak accident · Nuclear accidents in Japan · Three Mile ...
... and comparable to the experiences of cancer patients undergoing radio-therapy,. but have many other potential causes. The ... In the aftermath of the accident, the investigations focused on the amounts of radioactivity released by the accident. ... examining death rates within the 10-mile area around TMI for the 6 months after the accident, said that the TMI-2 accident did ... The health effects of the 1979 Three Mile Island nuclear accident are widely, but not universally, agreed to be very low. The ...
... yeast-derived products or any component of the product and for concomitant use with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The sequence ... to six people as part of a compassionate-use protocol for the victims of cesium irradiation from the Goiânia accident. It was ... of human GM-CSF was first identified in 1985 and soon three recominbant human GM-CSFs were produced, one in bacteria, one in ...
Accidents and QA. *Verification of dose calculations in radiation therapy. *Radiation Safety in External Beam Radiotherapy ( ... Unsealed source radiotherapy (systemic radioisotope therapy)[edit]. Main article: Unsealed source radiotherapy ... accidents and sites. This section contains a list of works that does not follow the Manual of Style for lists of works (often, ... May 2019). "Risk of subsequent primary cancers after carbon ion radiotherapy, photon radiotherapy, or surgery for localised ...
2005-2006 - Epinal radiotherapy accident (fr): a problem in dosimetry software caused an overdosage during radiotherapy. During ... "Zaragoza radiotherapy accident, 1990". www.johnstonsarchive.net. Retrieved 3 January 2018. The Radiological Accident at the ... Military accidents are listed at List of military nuclear accidents. In listing civilian radiation accidents, the following ... Accidents related to nuclear power that involve fissile materials are listed at List of civilian nuclear accidents. ...
Accidents and QA Verification of dose calculations in radiation therapy Radiation Safety in External Beam Radiotherapy (IAEA). ... The effect of radiotherapy on control of cancer has been shown to be limited to the first five years after surgery, ... External beam radiotherapy (teletherapy) began at the turn of the century with relatively low voltage (. 3.0.CO;2-I. PMID ... Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, often abbreviated RT, RTx, or XRT, is therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of ...
A coroner's inquest into the deaths determined that the accident was most likely caused by driver inattention. King was winner ... He received six weeks of chemotherapy and radiotherapy for throat cancer discovered in October 2003, which was in remission by ... 1985), Moriori (1989), and The Penguin History of New Zealand (July 2003), the latter of which was, by February 2004, into its ... 1985) Death of the Rainbow Warrior (1986) New Zealand (1987) After the War: New Zealand since 1945 (1988) One of the boys?: ...
2006). Health Effects of the Chernobyl Accident and Special Health Care Programmes: Report of the UN Chernobyl Forum, Expert ... or found in the later conceived children of cancer survivors who had previously received radiotherapy. The surviving women of ... "Sex ratio among offspring of childhood cancer survivors treated with radiotherapy". British Journal of Cancer. 88 (3): 382-7. ... "Human minisatellite mutation rate after the Chernobyl accident". Nature. 380 (6576): 683-686. Bibcode:1996Natur.380..683D. doi: ...
2006). Health Effects of the Chernobyl Accident and Special Health Care Programmes: Report of the UN Chernobyl Forum, Expert ... or found in the later conceived children of cancer survivors who had previously received radiotherapy.[64][65][66] [67] The ... "Human minisatellite mutation rate after the Chernobyl accident". Nature. 380 (6576): 683-686. Bibcode:1996Natur.380..683D. doi: ... "Sex ratio among offspring of childhood cancer survivors treated with radiotherapy". British Journal of Cancer. 88 (3): 382-7. ...
... accident Goiânia accident Radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica 1990 Clinic of Zaragoza radiotherapy accident Radiation accident ... The safety of the scrap yards became a concern after the radiological accident which occurred in April 2010. The area is not ... In April 2010, the locality of Mayapuri was affected by a serious radiological accident. An AECL Gammacell 220 research ... in Mexico City List of civilian radiation accidents Orphan source Radioactive scrap metal X-ray Ionizing radiation Nuclear ...
The 1986 Chernobyl nuclear accident contaminated about 30,000 km2 with greater than 10 kBq/m2 with 90Sr, which accounts for 5% ... Radiotherapy and Oncology. 75 (3): 258.E1-258.E13. doi:10.1016/j.radonc.2005.03.003. "Strontium , Radiation Protection , US EPA ... "Chernobyl: Assessment of Radiological and Health Impact, 2002 update; Chapter I - The site and accident sequence" (PDF). OECD- ... it is also an isotope of concern in fallout from nuclear weapons and nuclear accidents due to its production as a fission ...
Health risk assessment from the nuclear accident after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami based on a preliminary ... or found in the later conceived children of cancer survivors who had previously received radiotherapy.[65][66][67][68] The ... 2006). Health Effects of the Chernobyl Accident and Special Health Care Programmes: Report of the UN Chernobyl Forum, Expert ... "Human minisatellite mutation rate after the Chernobyl accident". Nature. 380 (6576): 683-686. Bibcode:1996Natur.380..683D. doi: ...
The £35 million centre is intended to be operational in 2018, offering radiotherapy, chemotherapy and imaging services. Proton ... the accident and emergency department itself is the largest of its kind in the United Kingdom. The RLUH building which is sited ... The Women's Hospital and Mill Road Hospital in 1985. Liverpool Women's is one of only two such hospitals in the United Kingdom ...
The plan was to allow for nationwide radiotherapy services by 2011. On 7 September 2006, Mary Harney announced that she was ... "emergency response to the accident and emergency crisis at the time", although the nursing units, in use since 2008, are mainly ... Harney went on to become a founder member of the Progressive Democrats with Desmond O'Malley and Bobby Molloy in December 1985 ... she was expelled from the party after voting in favour of the Anglo-Irish Agreement in 1985. ...
The Castle Bravo accident, in which the thermonuclear bomb test at Enewetak Atoll in 1954 exploded with 2.5 times the expected ... for radiotherapy. In other cases, and depending on the kinetic energy of the neutron, the capture of a neutron can cause ... ORNL Report on determination of dose from criticality accidents Stephen Padalino; Heather Oliver & Joel Nyquist. "DT neutron ... Malik, John (September 1985). "The Yields of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki Explosions" (PDF). Los Alamos National Laboratory. ...
Therac-25 Leveson, N.G.; Turner, C.S. (1993-07-01). "An investigation of the Therac-25 accidents". Computer. 26 (7): 18-41. doi ... Some embedded systems used in radiotherapy machines failed so catastrophically that they administered lethal doses of radiation ... 1985) [1982]. Software Engineering. Addison-Wesley. ISBN 0-201-14229-5. Meyer, Bertrand (April 4, 2013). "The origin of " ...
IORT stands for Intra Operative Radio Therapy and TARGIT stands for TARGeted Intra Operative Radio Therapy. IORT is a technique ... admitted in March 1967 and before the end of the year several wards had been opened together with the Polyclinic and Accident ... Radio-therapy is delivered over 20-50 minutes by oncologists and medical physicists. Once treatment is completed, the ... This is usually delivered using External Beam Radio Therapy (EBRT). Treatment is started a few weeks after surgery or ...
The Radiological Accident in Goiânia. IAEA. 1988.. *^ Delacroix, D.; Guerre, J. P.; Leblanc, P.; Hickman, C. (2002). ... A wheel type radiotherapy device which has a long collimator to focus the radiation into a narrow beam. The caesium-137 ... Perhaps the best-known case is the Goiânia accident of 1987, in which an improperly-disposed-of radiation therapy system from ... It constitutes most of the radioactivity still left from the Chernobyl accident. Caesium-137 undergoes high-energy beta decay ...
... and pruritic eruption associated with radiotherapy Fluoroscopy burn Radiation acne Radiation cancer Radiation dermatitis ( ... idiopathic livedo reticularis with cerebrovascular accidents) Solar purpura (actinic purpura, senile purpura) Stasis dermatitis ... Goolamali SK (1985). "Drug eruptions". Postgrad Med J. 61 (720): 925-33. doi:10.1136/pgmj.61.720.925. PMC 2418295 . PMID ...
Following the accident however, studies of data sets approaching a million births in the EUROCAT database, divided into " ... Health effects on population near nuclear power plants and workers Radiology Radiotherapy Inge Schmitz-Feuerhake Biphasic Model ... However, in medical journals, studies detail that in Sweden in the year of the chernobyl accident, the birth rate, both ... In the wake of the 1986 Chernobyl accident in Ukraine, Europe-wide anxieties were formented in pregnant mothers over the ...
"Deaths and Injuries at Major Accidents at British Football Stadiums". Football Licensing Authority. Archived from the original ... The event also raised cash for the Marina Dalglish Appeal which was contributed towards a radiotherapy centre at University ... Bradford City and Lincoln City, the teams involved in the Bradford City stadium fire, met for the first time since the 1985 ... The occasion was the first in which the two teams had met since the 1985 Bradford City stadium fire that had claimed 56 lives ...
... compiled by Wm. Robert Johnston. last modified 13 June 2004 ... Leveson, Nancy, and Clark S. Turner, July 1993, "An investigation of the Therac-25 accidents," IEEE Computer, 26:18-41, on line ... A woman who received several treatments from September 1985 to 6 January 1986 developed radiation burns which were not ...
The accidents. A safer modern radiotherapy machine. The Therac-25 went into service in 1983. For several years and thousands of ... Posted in classic hacks, Featured, SliderTagged AECL, Radiotherapy, safety, Software Engineering, Therac-25. Post navigation. ← ... The same radiotherapy technician had been involved in both incidents, so [Fritz] brought her back into the control room to ... On April 11th, 1986, a second accident occurred in Tyler, Texas. This time the patient was being treated for skin cancer on his ...
The Therac Accidents*The Therac-25 was a radiotherapy machine sold by AECL ... Accident undesired, unplanned event resulting in specified kind/level of loss. 59. Definitions (2)*Hazard set of conditions on ... The Therac Accidents (5)*East Texas Cancer Centre, Mar 86 man burned in neck and died five months later of complications ... The Therac Accidents (3)*Previous models (Therac 6 and 20) had mechanical interlocks to prevent high-intensity beam use unless ...
radiotherapy. radiotherapy accident in Zaragoza[25]. 11. ?. Zaragoza, Spain 1996. radiotherapy. radiotherapy accident in Costa ... radiotherapy. Therac-25 radiation overdose accidents. 3. 3. 1984. orphan source. radiation accident in Morocco[23]. 8. 3. ... Radiotherapy accidents[change , change source]. Year. Type. Accident. ARS fatalities. ARS survivors. Location ... Nuclear accidents. Chernobyl disaster · Fukushima nuclear disaster · Mayak accident · Nuclear accidents in Japan · Three Mile ...
Nuclear and radiation accidents Goiânia accident Radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica Radiotherapy accident in Zaragoza ... Lushbaugh, C; Ricks, R; Fry, S (1988). Radiological accidents: A historical review of sealed sources accidents. International ... In March 1984, a serious radiation accident occurred in Morocco, where eight people died from pulmonary hemorrhaging caused by ... The laborer, his family, and some relatives were the eight deaths caused by the accident. ...
Accidents and QA. *Verification of dose calculations in radiation therapy. *Radiation Safety in External Beam Radiotherapy ( ... Unsealed source radiotherapy (systemic radioisotope therapy)[edit]. Main article: Unsealed source radiotherapy ... 1979 Three Mile Island accident and Three Mile Island accident health effects ... stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy, or SABR - also known as SBRT, or stereotactic body radiotherapy) for subcranial ...
Accidents and QA. *Verification of dose calculations in radiation therapy. *Radiation Safety in External Beam Radiotherapy ( ... Unsealed source radiotherapy (systemic radioisotope therapy)Edit. Main article: Unsealed source radiotherapy ... stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy, or SABR - also known as SBRT, or stereotactic body radiotherapy) for subcranial ... Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, often abbreviated RT, RTx, or XRT, is therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of ...
1974-1976 - Columbus radiotherapy accident, 10 deaths and 88 injuries. 1979 - Church Rock Uranium Mill spill in New Mexico. ... The Radiological Accident in Goiania p. 2. Medical management of radiation accidents pp. 299 & 303. Thule Accident, January 21 ... 1996 - Radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica. Thirteen fatalities and 114 other patients received an overdose of radiation. ... 1980 - Houston radiotherapy accident, 7 deaths. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Lists of nuclear disasters and ...
... the radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica,[15] the radiotherapy accident in Zaragoza,[16] the radiation accident in Morocco,[17] ... the Goiania accident,[18] the radiation accident in Mexico City, the radiotherapy unit accident in Thailand,[19] and the ... the Three Mile Island accident (1979), and the SL-1 accident (1961).[11] Nuclear power accidents can involve loss of life and ... 1980: Houston radiotherapy accident, 7 fatalities.[14][75]. *5 October 1982: Lost radiation source, Baku, Azerbaijan, USSR. 5 ...
Radionuclide Source Terms from Severe Accidents to Nuclear Power Plants With Light Water Reactors. A Report by the ... Radiotherapy in Developing Countries (Vienna, 1-5 Sept. 1986). Proceedings Series - International Atomic Energy Agency ... Properties of Neutron Sources (Proceedings of an Advisory Group Meeting, Leningrad, 9-13 June 1985). ... 10-13 December 1985 and Selected Papers from a Seminar, Copenhagen, 9-13 September 1985). ...
These involved nuclear power plant accidents, nuclear submarine accidents, radiotherapy accidents and other mishaps. ... 11 fatalities - Radiotherapy accident in Zaragoza, Spain, December 1990. Cancer patients receiving radiotherapy; 27 patients ... 13 fatalities - Radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica, 1996. 114 patients received an overdose of radiation from a Cobalt-60 ... 10 fatalities - Columbus radiotherapy accident, 1974-1976, 88 injuries from Cobalt-60 source.[18][22] ...
Radiotherapy accident in Zaragoza. Eleven fatalities and 27 other patients were injured.[6] 6 April 1993 - accident at the ... 1996 - Radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica. Thirteen fatalities and 114 other patients received an overdose of radiation.[5] ... Estimates of the total number of deaths attributable to the accident vary enormously. Despite the accident, Ukraine continued ... The accident raised concerns about the safety of the Soviet nuclear power industry, as well as nuclear power in general, ...
The TAMSA accident is reminiscent of the case of iron bars contaminated with Cobalt-60 that occurred in the mid-1980s in Ciudad ... In 1983, two hospital employees sold the ageing radiotherapy unit, still containing Cobalt-60, as scrap to Yonke Fénix, which ... Accidents recorded over the past 25 years testify to the fact that better governmental control is needed. In 2008, Tubos de ... In 1977 the private Medical Specialties Hospital in Ciudad Juárez illegally obtained a radiotherapy unit containing Cobalt-60 ...
THE ACCIDENT AT THE CHERNOBYL ATOMIC ENERGY STATION AND ITS CONSEQUENCES; DATA PREPARED FOR THE INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY ... "Mortality after Radiotherapy for Ringworm of the Scalp," AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY 127: 713-725. Rossi84 Rossi, Harald ... 16, 1985, Nara City. # # # # #. Next , ToC , Prev back to RIC , CNR , radiation , rat haus , Index , Search ... ANALYSIS OF THE RADIOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES OF THE ACCIDENT AT THE CHERNOBYL NUCLEAR POWER PLANT FOR THE POPULATION OF THE ...
... there are three settings in which radiation accidents can occ... ... from radiotherapy equipment has resulted in several accidents ... Effects observed following the Chernobyl accident. The Chernobyl accident is the most serious nuclear accident to have occurred ... The Chernobyl accident was what is known as a criticality accident-that is, a sudden (within the space of a few seconds) ... The Three Mile Island accident is classified as a thermal accident with no reactor runaway, and was the result of a reactor- ...
The Instituto Goiano de Radioterapia (IGR), a private radiotherapy institute in Goiânia,[1] was just 1 km (0.6 mi) northwest of ... List of civilian radiation accidents. References *1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 The Radiological accident in Goiânia (PDF). ... The Goiânia accident was a radioactive contamination accident that occurred on September 13, 1987, at Goiânia, in the Brazilian ... Goiânia accident. Coordinates: 16°40′29″S 49°15′51″W / 16.6746°S 49.2641°W / -16.6746; -49.2641 (Instituto Goiano de ...
Lee, T. R. Environmental Stress Reactions Following the Chernobyl Accident. In: One Decade After the Chernobyl Accident. ... Lindberg, S., Karlsson, P., Arvidsson, B., Holmberg, E., Lunberg, L. M., Wallgren, A. Cancer Incidence after Radiotherapy for ... Becker, S. M. Psychological Effects of Radiation Accidents. In: Medical Management of Radiation Accidents. Second edition. ... Kemeny, J. G. The Need for Change: The Legacy of TMI, Report of the Presidents Commission on The Accident at Three Mile Island ...
Radiotherapy, osseointegration and hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Periodontol 2000 2003; 33 145-62 * G H F G B Y V O B J F M H D S ... Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging of compressed air divers in diving accidents. Undersea Hyperb Med 2009; 36(1): 33-41 * G L ... Radiotherapy for Merkel cell carcinoma of the skin of the head and neck. Head Neck 1995; 17(2): 96-101 * M V, Dunaev I S, ... Extra-oral craniofacial endosseous implants and radiotherapy. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2003; 32(6): 585-92 * M N P Z A M M E ...
That year, my father was involved in a car accident and fractured his leg.. He was hospitalised for a few months. Once he came ... My father had to go for chemotherapy and radiotherapy. I now realised why the Lord allowed me to take an extra year. I was ... My father had to go for chemotherapy and radiotherapy. I now realised why the Lord allowed me to take an extra year. I was ... His father was involved in a car accident and diagnosed with cancer of the gallbladder. 1986 : Retook the GCE A-Level ...
... accident recovery workers; liquidators; radiologists; radiological technologists; radiotherapists; radiotherapy technicians; ... The Chernobyl accident resulted in widespread radioactive contamination of areas populated by millions of people in the three ... In Russia and the Ukraine, no centralized cancer registration system was in place at the time of the accident. Work has been ... From 600,000 to 800,000 persons took part in the cleanup activities to liquidate the consequences of the Chernobyl accident. ...
a) Mainly accidents, intentional self-harm and assault.. (b) Due to processing and classification changes, 1979-1996 rates have ... Improved chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgical techniques, together with screening programs introduced in the 1990s, have ... Endnote 5) This narrowing has been attributed to a decline in motor vehicle accident deaths among young men, a decline in ... These increases have been partly due to lower infant mortality, fewer young people dying in motor vehicle accidents, and fewer ...
1987 Dr Linda Lashford The development of targeted radiotherapy to treat central nervous system tumours. 1988 Dr T H H G ... a trainee paediatrician who was killed in an accident. ... 1985 Dr C R Kennedy Aetiology, pathogenesis and prognosis in ...
Inauguration of Radiotherapy as a New Scientific Specialty by Leopold Freund 100 Years Ago. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 42 ( ... A Most Valuable Accident. New Yorker, (May 2, 1959): 49-92.. Lankford, John and Slavings, Rickey. Gender and Science: Women ... One Century of Radiotherapy in France 1896-1996. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics, 35 (1996): 227 ... The Development of Radiotherapy in Denmark during 100 Years: From Radiology to Oncology. Acta Oncologica, 34 no 8 (1995): 1005 ...
  • Millions of people globally have died unnecessarily from cancers that could have been treated by radiotherapy. (issuu.com)
  • The purpose of the study was to determine whether breast cancers (BCs) that develop in women previously irradiated for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) are biologically similar to sporadic BC.We retrospectively reviewed the charts of patients who developed BC after radiotherapy (RT) for HL. (stanford.edu)
  • Leukaemias constitute 3% of all cancers worldwide (Linet 1985). (iloencyclopaedia.org)
  • External irradiation occurs when individuals are exposed to an extracorporeal radiation source, either point (radiotherapy, irradiators) or diffuse (radioactive clouds and fallout from accidents, figure 1). (iloencyclopaedia.org)
  • Food irradiation processing : proceedings of an International Symposium on Food Irradiation Processing, held in Washington, D.C., 4-8 March 1985 / jointly organized by the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (who.int)
  • Cost-benefit aspects of food irradiation processing : proceedings of an International Symposium on Cost-Benefit Aspects of Food Irradiation Processing, held in Aix-en-Provence, 1-5 March 1993 / jointly organized by the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Health Organization. (who.int)
  • Radiation therapy or radiotherapy , often abbreviated RT , RTx , or XRT , is therapy using ionizing radiation , generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells and normally delivered by a linear accelerator . (wikipedia.org)
  • For a variety of applications, e.g., accelerator shielding design, neutrons in radiotherapy, radiation damage studies, etc., it is necessary to carry out transport calculations involving medium-energy (greater than or equal to20 MeV) neutrons. (unt.edu)
  • Kidney disease children born with low birth weight Prader-Willi syndrome spleen removed in 1998 after an accident, and that you will do very efficiently, effectively and timely by using best steroid cutting cycles. (wtfrly.com)
  • In 1983, two hospital employees sold the ageing radiotherapy unit, still containing Cobalt-60, as scrap to Yonke Fénix, which sold it on to the now defunct state-owned Aceros de Chihuahua (Chihuahua Steel Company). (ipsnews.net)
  • The development of radioprotective substances has attracted an increasing interest because of their potential use in radiotherapy, counteracting occupational radiation hazards, space exploration, and in research. (e-algae.org)
  • barrier option of Canadian Servicemen Involved in Decontamination Duties at Chalk River and Observation of Nuclear Bomb Tests ', known for the Department of National Defence by Statistics Canada( Occupational and Environmental Health Research Unit), June 1985. (atlantaflyfishingschool.com)
  • These increases have been partly due to lower infant mortality, fewer young people dying in motor vehicle accidents, and fewer older men dying from heart disease. (abs.gov.au)
  • Leveson, Nancy, and Clark S. Turner, July 1993, "An investigation of the Therac-25 accidents," IEEE Computer , 26:18-41, on line at Computer Science at Virginia Tech [ http://courses.cs.vt.edu/~cs3604/lib/Therac_25/Therac_2.html ]. (johnstonsarchive.net)
  • April 6, 1993 - accident at the Tomsk-7 Reprocessing Complex, when a tank exploded while being cleaned with nitric acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a personal history, he had cranial trauma due to car accident approximately 4 months before the presentation, resulting in multiple facial skin lacerations, associated with orbital fracture, right cornea, and anterior chamber of right eye injuries. (frontiersin.org)
  • Our news stories about accidents, events, injuries, and lawsuits are researched and published by our team of experienced personal injury attorneys and could help you learn more about your personal injury case. (hsinjurylaw.com)
  • In 1985, CNSNS identified 17,636 buildings, including shopping centres and public buildings, 1,276 of which had higher than natural background levels of radiation. (ipsnews.net)
  • Incidence of childhood leukemias appeared to rise in the early 1980s, with rates increasing from 3.3 cases per 100,000 in 1975 to 4.6 cases per 100,000 in 1985. (projectcure.com)
  • The impact of nuclear accidents has been a topic of debate since the first nuclear reactors were constructed in 1954, and has been a key factor in public concern about nuclear facilities . (wikipedia.org)
  • Niveaux d'intervention dérivés pour la limitation des doses au public dans le cas d'un accident nucléaire ou d'une urgence radiologique : principes, procédures et données. (who.int)