A congenital condition where the greater portions of the cerebral hemispheres and CORPUS STRIATUM are replaced by CSF and glial tissue. The meninges and the skull are well formed, which is consistent with earlier normal embryogenesis of the telencephalon. Bilateral occlusions of the internal carotid arteries in utero is a potential mechanism. Clinical features include intact brainstem reflexes without evidence of higher cortical activity. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p307)
A "smooth brain" malformation of the CEREBRAL CORTEX resulting from abnormal location of developing neurons during corticogenesis. It is characterized by an absence of normal convoluted indentations on the surface of the brain (agyria), or fewer and shallower indentations (pachygryia). There is a reduced number of cortical layers, typically 4 instead of 6, resulting in a thickened cortex, and reduced cerebral white matter that is a reversal of the normal ratio of cerebral white matter to cortex.
A genus of gram-negative bacteria characteristically appearing in chains of several segmenting organisms. It occurs in man and arthropod vectors and is found only in the Andes region of South America. This genus is the etiologic agent of human bartonellosis. The genus Rochalimaea, once considered a separate genus, has recently been combined with the genus Bartonella as a result of high levels of relatedness in 16S rRNA sequence data and DNA hybridization data.
Infections by the genus BARTONELLA. Bartonella bacilliformis can cause acute febrile anemia, designated Oroya fever, and a benign skin eruption, called verruga peruana. BARTONELLA QUINTANA causes TRENCH FEVER, while BARTONELLA HENSELAE is the etiologic agent of bacillary angiomatosis (ANGIOMATOSIS, BACILLARY) and is also one of the causes of CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE in immunocompetent patients.
A self-limiting bacterial infection of the regional lymph nodes caused by AFIPIA felis, a gram-negative bacterium recently identified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and by BARTONELLA HENSELAE. It usually arises one or more weeks following a feline scratch, with raised inflammatory nodules at the site of the scratch being the primary symptom.
Encyclopedias as Topic
A kingdom in the eastern Himalayas on the northeast border of India, bounded on the north by Tibet, on the east by Assam, on the south by Assam and West Bengal, and on the west by Sikkim and Tibet. From 1720 to 1970 it was under Chinese or Indian domination. In 1971 it became a member of the United Nations. The name comes from the Sanskrit bhota, the name for Tibet, + anta, end, with reference to its location at the southern extremity of Tibet. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p144 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p64)
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
Charlie The Raccoons on Ice (TV) (1981) .... Schaeffer The Trolls and the Christmas Express (TV) (1981) .... Voice The Raccoons ... Narrator The Christmas Raccoons (TV) (1980) .... Schaeffer Last of the Red-Hot Dragons (TV) (1980) .... King Lion News from ... Schaeffer The Raccoons (TV) (Main Character) (1985-1991) .... Schaeffer/Mr. Mammoth/Bear/Mr. Willow/Squaredance Caller Hello ... and the Lost Star (TV) (1983) .... Schaeffer The Raccoons: Let's Dance! (TV) (1984) .... ...
Cecil M. Harden
Under the Flood Control Act of 1938, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers designed and built the lake by damming Big Raccoon Creek ... Cecil M. Harden at Find a Grave "Cecil M. Harden Lake, Raccoon State Recreation Area" (PDF). Indiana Department of Natural ... Indiana's Department of Natural Resources administers recreational uses of the lake in the Raccoon State Recreational Area. ... See also: "Cecil M. Hardin Lake (Raccoon SRA)". Indiana Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved September 24, 2019. Also: " ...
1980 Here Come Raccoons!, Holt-Rinehart-Winston. 1977 I Met a Traveler, Harper and Row. 1977 It's Really Christmas, Greenwillow ... 1984 The Trip and Other Sophie and Gussie Stories, Macmillan. 1976 Co-authored with Phoebe Hoban Ready-Set-Robot!, Harper & Row ... 1984 Liar, Liar, Pants on Fire! Greenwillow. 1985 Lost in the Museum, Greenwillow. 1979 No Good in Art, Greenwillow. 1980 See ... 1984 Arthur's Honey Bear. Harper & Row. 1974 Arthur's Loose Tooth. Harper & Row. 1985 Arthur's Pen Pal. Harper & Row. 1976 ...
Porter, Roger (17 December 1992). "May I recommend the raccoon, sir?". South China Morning Post. p. 21. Media related to ... p. 2. Leung, Carolyn (17 June 1984). "Canton may be restaurant's next port of call". South China Morning Post. p. 12. Leung, ... The building replaced the Shatin Floating Restaurant that opened in 1963 and was towed to Guangzhou in 1984. The relocation was ... Hung-kee (24 June 1984). "Owners of mansion". South China Morning Post. p. 19. "Shatin to get concrete 'floating' restaurant". ...
Oconomowoc High School
The Raccoons have been a successful baseball program since the 1900s. The baseball program has won conference 25 times, ... The Raccoons were conference champions in 1984, 1985, and 1986. They were state runners-up in 1991 and 1996. Neary coached ... Oconomowoc's mascot is Rocky, a raccoon. The mascot was formerly named Cooney, which was changed due to the negative ... Johnson, Alec (June 18, 2018). "Oconomowoc middle schoolers painted a raccoon mural on the side of a downtown restaurant". ...
"Canine distemper in wild raccoons (Procyon lotor) at the Metropolitan Toronto Zoo." The Canadian Veterinary Journal 25, no. 2 ( ... 1984): 63. Dubé, Caroline, Kay G. Mehren, Ian K. Barker, Brian L. Peart, and Aru Balachandran. "Retrospective investigation of ...
For Children; Illustrator Jane Thayer, Clever Raccoon, Morrow (New York, NY), 1981. Melvin Berger, Why I Cough, Sneeze, Shiver ... Will It Rain?, Greenwillow (New York, NY), 1984. Henry's Fourth of July, Greenwillow (New York, NY), 1985. When Francie Was ... Roma Gans, Rock Collecting, Crowell (New York, NY), 1984. Franklyn Mansfield Branley, Snow Is Falling, Crowell (New York, NY), ... 1984, for Geraldine's Blanket Caldecott Honor Book, 1986 1987 for When Francie Was Sick and Snow Is Falling Children's Choice ...
Dietary biology of the Eurasian eagle-owl
Eurasian badgers, wild boars and raccoon dogs and raccoons, the latter two both where non-native in Germany, have also ... Raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides), averaging 6,500 g (14.3 lb), have been preyed on in Asia as well. Other relatively ... Aliev, F. F., & Sanderson, G. C. (1966). Distribution and status of the raccoon in the Soviet Union. The Journal of Wildlife ... and raccoon (Procyon lotor) have also been preyed on by eagle-owls, which is presumed to incidentally benefit the prey taken in ...
Coon Creek (West Fork Cuivre River tributary)
Coon Creek was so named on account of raccoons in the area. List of rivers of Missouri U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names ... 1984 rev.) Wellsville, MO, and Buell, Mo, 7.5 Minute Topographic Quadrangles, USGS, 1973 "Montgomery County Place Names, 1928- ...
Giffen and Mantlo created Rocket Raccoon in Marvel Preview #7 (Summer 1976). Giffen is best known for his long runs ... He was a throwaway character,' says artist Keith Giffen, who co-created Rocket - originally named Rocky Raccoon, after the ... "The Rise of Guardians of the Galaxy's Rocket Raccoon". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on August 1, 2014. ' ... In August 1984, a third volume of the Legion of Super-Heroes series was launched by Levitz and Giffen. Giffen plotted and ...
This underestimation is probably due to multiple recurrent mutations as the divergence between the red panda and the raccoon is ... It was classified in the raccoon family because of morphological similarities of the head, colored ringed tail, and other ... Georges Cuvier first described Ailurus as belonging to the raccoon family in 1825; this classification has been controversial ... ISBN 90-5103-026-6 Glatston, A.R. (compiler) (1994). "The Red Panda, Olingos, Coatis, Raccoons, and their Relatives: Status ...
The show featured a forest ranger accompanied by a puppet raccoon named Rosco; the show won an Emmy Award. Looney Tunes and ... The station also carried the NASL Seattle Sounders from 1974 to 1981 and the MISL Tacoma Stars from 1984 to 1986. From 1954 to ...
Frisco High School
In 2019 Coach Jeff Harbert Lead the Raccoons to Football District Champions. The Frisco Raccoons compete in these sports ... Frisco High School is the only known high school in the United States to have a raccoon as an official mascot. In 2015, the ... Prior to 2002 the athletic team was known as the "Coons", but the name was changed to "Raccoons" that year. Superintendent Rick ... FISD Online :: Frisco High School Namesake "Frisco's Raccoon Mascot dubbed worthy of winning a costume contest , Dallas Morning ...
Gloria D. Miklowitz
Save That Raccoon (1978) Did You Hear What Happened to Andrea? (1979) The Love Bombers (1980) Close to the Edge (1983) Carrie ... After the Bomb After the Bomb (1984) Week One (1987) The Marshmallow Caper (1971) Sad Song, Happy Song (1973) Turning Off (1973 ... Loves Superman (1983) Day the Senior Class Got Married: A Novel (1983) Runaway (1984) The War Between the Classes (1985) Love ...
The Christmas Raccoons (1980) The Raccoons (1987-1988) The Nutcracker Prince (1990) Tooth Fairy, Where Are You? (1991) The ... The Raccoons on Ice (1981 - designer, animation director, character designer, original characters) The Raccoons and the Lost ... He directed The Raccoons series as well as the feature film The Nutcracker Prince. Schibli wrote and illustrated the children's ... The Raccoons: Let's Dance! (1984 - designer) The Care Bears Battle the Freeze Machine (1984 - storyboard artist) The Nutcracker ...
... an episode of The Raccoons "Moving In", an episode of Rob & Big "Moving In", a former TV-show on MTV. Pat Croce: Moving In, a ... Moving In may refer to: Moving In (album), a 1996 Chris Potter recording "Moving In", the European title for the 1984 film ...
The Christmas Raccoons (1980) The Raccoons on Ice (1981) The Raccoons and the Lost Star (1983) The Raccoons: Let's Dance! (1984 ... The Raccoons (1985-1991) The Christmas Raccoons (1980) The Raccoons on Ice (1981) The Raccoons and the Lost Star (1983) The ... The Christmas Raccoons (1980) The Raccoons on Ice (1981) The Raccoons and the Lost Star (1983) The Raccoons: Let's Dance! (1984 ... The Christmas Raccoons (1980) The Raccoons on Ice (1981) The Raccoons and the Lost Star (1983) The Raccoons: Let's Dance! (1984 ...
With the exceptions of the bush dog, the raccoon dog and some domestic breeds of Canis lupus, canids have relatively long legs ... "Raccoon dog - Nyctereutes procyonoides. WAZA - World Association of Zoos and Aquariums". Archived from the original on 10 April ... Ikeda, Hiroshi (August 1986). "Old dogs, new tricks: Asia's raccoon dog, a venerable member of the canid family is pushing into ... Kauhala, K.; Saeki, M. (2004). Raccoon Dog«. Canid Species Accounts. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Pridobljeno 15 April 2009 ...
Torreya State Park
Some of the mammals there include deer, squirrel, raccoon, opossum, fox, skunk, rabbit, bobcat and black bear. Dozens of ... It was one of the first federally listed endangered plant species in the United States in 1984. It is a Critically endangered ...
Gallivan also had a cameo as the voice of sportcaster Ferlin Fielddigger in the 1981 animated TV special, The Raccoons on Ice. ... His colour commentator for 28 years was Dick Irvin Jr., from 1966 until Gallivan's retirement in 1984. On October 9, 1970, he ... builder category 1984 - Hockey Hall of Fame Media Honouree 1985 - St. Francis Xavier University bestowed upon him an honorary ... until her death three years prior to his final year on Hockey Night in Canada in 1984. In the early 1940s, Eileen transferred ...
In a conversation lasting several hours, Brooks and Faulkner spent most of their time discussing dogs and raccoon hunting. " ... 1984. Timeline Archived 2009-01-17 at the Wayback Machine at NEH website. Cleanth Brooks, "Literature in a Technological Age" ...
1957 Australian instructional series The Raccoons: Let's Dance!, 1984 TV special of The Raccoons Let's Dance, a segment of ...
Raccoon Creek: "Narraticon" (Lenape) meaning Raccoon Salem River: Varkens Kill (Hogg Creek) Mullica River, named for an early ... "The Kepharts: Cohawkin, Raccoon Creek, Narraticon all names left by Lenni-Lenape in Gloucester County". Bibliography Barton, H ... Roncace, Kelly (May 14, 2012). "What's in a Name? Raccoon Creek". South Jersey Times. Retrieved July 22, 2013. " ... the Swedes bought of the Indians the whole district from Cape May to Raccoon creek; and, in order to unite these English with ...
... raccoon, quail, dove and many more bird species are plentiful around the lake. Bald eagles are commonly observed. Coyote, red ... Construction began in May 1977 and was completed in 1984. The shoreline is accentuated by steep bluffs. Boating, hiking, ...
... while fighting off raccoons. Pieces of bread move along a factory line while the raccoons try to eat the bread and switch off ... The player is required to keep the machinery running and also scare away the raccoons. If the player succeeds, the delivery ... Comic Bakery is a computer game for the MSX, made by Konami in 1984 and later ported to Commodore 64 by Imagine Software. The ...
It is also highly similar to mink enteritis virus (MEV), and the parvoviruses of raccoons and foxes. It is possible that CPV2 ... There are variants of CPV2 called CPV-2a and CPV-2b, identified in 1979 and 1984 respectively. Most of canine parvovirus ...
In 1981, he voiced Dan the forest ranger in The Raccoons on Ice, the second of four specials serving as a predecessor to the ... He also sang several songs for the special, all of which were included on the 1983 album Lake Freeze and the 1984 album The ... Raccoons: Let's Dance!. In 1990, he contributed to the last studio collaboration between Alan Parsons and Eric Woolfson, ...
... as well as raccoons, opossums, rabbits and for flushing birds. In the 20th century these dogs became increasingly rare and in ... In 1984 the Mountain Feist Association was formed; in 1985 this was replaced by the American Treeing Feist Association, and ...
Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge
96(1):34-47 Garmestani, A. S., Percival, H. F. Raccoon Removal Reduces Sea Turtle Nest Depredation in the Ten Thousand Islands ... 30:62-65 Atwood, J. L., Kelly, P. R. 1984. Fish Dropped on Breeding Colonies as Indicators of Least Tern Food Habits. ...
Reading readiness in the United States
1970). Ringo the Raccoon. US: Ideals Publishing Corporation Cushman, Jean. (1980). We Help Mommy. Wisconsin: Western Publishing ... 1984). Clifford's Kitten. New York: Scholastic Inc. Bruna, Dick. (1986). I Am a Clown. NY: Methuen Children's Books Bruna, Dick ...
... raccoons, opossums, skunks, turtles, large fish, felids, and canids, including domesticated ones. The most prolific natural ... Station, Delta Waterfowl and Wetlands Research (1984). Annual Report. The Station.. *^ a b c Moulton, Judy (7 November 2014). ... Leedy, Daniel L.; Adams, Lowell W. (1984). A Guide to Urban Wildlife Management. National Institute for Urban Wildlife.. ...
List of largest mammals
The largest living procyonid is the raccoon (Procyon lotor) of North American, having a body length of 40 to 70 cm (16 to 28 in ... Simon & Schuster/Touchstone Books (1984), ISBN 978-0-671-42805-1 *^ Elasmotherium caucasicum by ~sinammonite on deviantART ...
Crab-eating raccoon (P. cancrivorus). *Raccoon (P. lotor). *Cozumel raccoon (P. pygmaeus) ... a b Macdonald, David (1984). The Encyclopedia of Mammals. New York: Fun Facts on File. P. 31. ISBN 0-87196-871-1 ...
... stoats and raccoon dogs. May also appear Muskrat, American mink, raccoon. ... Previous mayors include Stanisław Apoznański (25.05.1984-13.12.1985), Stefan Skąpski (26.03.1986-4.06.1990), Bogdan Zdrojewski ...
Evolution of mammals
Tracks of a raccoon-sized mammaliaform representing the morphofamily Ameghinichnidae are described from the Early Cretaceous ( ... Tracks from the Early Cretaceous of Angola show the existence of raccoon-size mammals 118 Million years ago. ... Kermack, D.M.; Kermack, K.A. (1984). The evolution of mammalian characters. Croom Helm. ISBN 978-0709915348. .. ...
Other English names used in the past include fire fox, fire cat, red cat, fox bear, bright panda, and Himalayan raccoon.[35 ... The Red Panda, Olingos, Coatis, Raccoons, and Their Relatives (PDF). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. ISBN 2-8317-0046-9. Retrieved 9 ... It is not a bear, nor closely related to the giant panda, nor a raccoon, nor a lineage of uncertain affinities. Rather it is a ... Virginia C. Holmgren (1990). Raccoons. Capra Press. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-88496-312-7. After the giant panda was named, the ...
Wildlife includes coyotes, grey foxes, bobcats, opossums, rabbits, raccoons, other small mammals as well as variety of small ... The museum was opened in 1984 and contains many articles from this battle as well as some from the Cristero War. Inside are ...
Boitani, Luigi (1984). Simon & Schuster's Guide to Mammals. Simon & Schuster/Touchstone Books, ISBN 978-0-671-42805-1 ...
Great blue heron
Raccoon predation on Great Blue Herons. Auk 68:235. *^ Hjertaas, D. G. 1982. Great Blue Herons and raccoons at Nicolle Flats. ... and raccoons (Procyon lotor) are known to take larger nestlings or fledglings and, in the latter predator, many eggs.[ ... a b Simpson, K. 1984. Factors affecting reproduction in Great Blue Herons (Ardea herodias). Master's Thesis. Univ. Brit. Col. ... Dolesh, Richard J. (April 1984). "Lord of the Shallows - The Great Blue Heron". National Geographic. Vol. 165 no. 4. pp. 540- ...
... raccoons, wild turkeys, and eastern gray squirrels are also found throughout Massachusetts. In more rural areas in the western ... "1984 Presidential General Election Results-Massachusetts". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved May 5, ... Additionally, Massachusetts provided Reagan with his smallest margins of victory in both the 1980 and 1984 elections. ... has not given its Electoral College votes to a Republican in a presidential election since Ronald Reagan carried it in 1984. ...
... common raccoon (Procyon lotor), wolverine (Gulo gulo), American black bear (Ursus americanus), brown bear (Ursus arctos), ... Lumsden, Harry G. (1984). "The Pre-Settlement Breeding Distribution of Trumpeter, Cygnus buccinator, and Tundra Swans, C. ... In 1984, Harry G. Lumsden posited that trumpeter swans may have been extirpated from eastern Canada by native people armed with ...
... although other mammals such as raccoons (Procyon lotor), opossums (Didelphis virginiana), and coyotes (Canis latrans) can serve ... From 1979 - 1984, possum control was stopped due to lack of funding. In spite of regular and frequent TB testing of cattle ...
... is a New World family of the order Carnivora. It comprises the raccoons, coatis, kinkajous, olingos, olinguitos ... This is apparent in their German names: a raccoon is called a Waschbär (washing bear, as he "washes" his food before eating), a ... While they do have carnassial teeth, these are poorly developed in most species, especially the raccoons. Apart from the ... Procyonids are relatively small animals, with generally slender bodies and long tails, though the common raccoon tends to be ...
Crab-eating raccoon (P. cancrivorus). *Raccoon (P. lotor). *Cozumel raccoon (P. pygmaeus) ... Boitani, Luigi (1984). Simon & Schuster's Guide to Mammals. Simon & Schuster/Touchstone Books, ISBN 978-0-671-42805-1 ...
But in spite of these precautions, American crocodile eggs sometimes fall prey to raccoons (arguably the most virulent natural ... such as opossums and raccoons appeared to be the primary prey of American crocodiles. In Haiti, adults appeared to live ...
Common garter snake
... raccoons, foxes, wild turkeys, and domestic cats and dogs. ... Arnold, S.J.; Bennett, A.F. (1984). "Behavioural Variation in ...
Predators of eggs and nestlings include raccoons (Procyon lotor), Virginia opossums (Didelphis virginiana), striped skunks ( ... MacCracken, J. G.; Uresh, D. W. (1984). "Coyote foods in the Black Hills, South Dakota". The Journal of Wildlife Management: ...
Sierra Madre Occidental
Raccoons, hog-nosed skunk, and hooded skunk live in the mountains. The white-nosed coati lives on the western slopes, and the ... Huspeni, Jeffrey; Kesler, Stephen; Ruiz, Joaquin; Tuta, Zane; Sutter, John; Jones, Lois (1984). "Petrology and geochemistry of ...
Studies on raccoons in the Southeast have yielded infection rates ranging from 47% to as low as 15.5%. Armadillo ... Karsten V, Davis C, Kuhn R (June 1992). "Trypanosoma cruzi in wild raccoons and opossums in North Carolina". J Parasitol. 78 (3 ... The primary wildlife reservoirs for Trypanosoma cruzi in the United States include opossums, raccoons, armadillos, squirrels, ... "Seroprevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi in raccoons from South Carolina and Georgia". J Wildl Dis. 38 (1): 75-83. doi:10.7589/0090 ...
Raccoon, opossum, partridges, prairie hen, and frogs were among the fare Mark Twain recorded as part of American cuisine.[ ... O'Connell, Margaret A. (1984). Macdonald, D. (ed.). The Encyclopedia of Mammals. New York: Facts on File. pp. 830-837. ISBN 978 ...
Crab-eating raccoon (P. cancrivorus). *Raccoon (P. lotor). *Cozumel raccoon (P. pygmaeus) ... Boitani, Luigi (1984). Simon and Schuster's Guide to Mammals. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-43727-5. .. ...
For example, principal predators of the black oystercatcher's eggs include raccoons, skunks, mink, river and sea otters, gulls ... Leonard J. V. Compagno (1984). Sharks of the World: An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Food ...
Raccoons inform conspecifics about feeding grounds by droppings left on commonly shared latrines. A similar information system ... Emlen, S.T. (1984) Cooperative breeding in birds and mammals. In Krebs, J.R. & Davies, N.B. (Eds.) " Behavioural Ecology. An ... Grafen, A. (1984) Natural selection, kin selection and group selection. In Krebs, J.R. & Davies, N.B. (Eds.) '' Behavioural ...
Thousand Oaks, California
California raccoon, Virginia opossum, Audubon's cottontail, long-tailed weasel, Botta's pocket gopher, ring-tailed cat, ... City of Thousand Oaks (1984). 20 Years: Thousand Oaks. Ventura Printing. Page 11-12. ... City of Thousand Oaks (1984). 20 Years: Thousand Oaks. Ventura Printing. Page 12-13. ... City of Thousand Oaks (1984). 20 Years: Thousand Oaks. Ventura Printing. Page 16. ...
Crab-eating raccoon (P. cancrivorus). *Raccoon (P. lotor). *Cozumel raccoon (P. pygmaeus) ... of Canada lynx furs-the average number of pelts exported from Canada and the United States fell from 35,669 in 1980-1984 to ...
Crab-eating raccoon (P. cancrivorus). *Raccoon (P. lotor). *Cozumel raccoon (P. pygmaeus) ... Best, R. C. (1984). "Digestibility of ringed seals by the polar bear". Can. J. Zool. 63: 1033-1036. doi:10.1139/z85-155.. ...
Raccoons, foxes, and seabirds may raid nests or hatchlings may be eaten within minutes of hatching as they make their initial ... Mrosovsky, N.; Hopkins-Murphy, S. R.; Richardson, J. I. (17 August 1984). "Sex Ratio of Sea Turtles: Seasonal Changes". Science ...
Crab-eating raccoon (P. cancrivorus). *Raccoon (P. lotor). *Cozumel raccoon (P. pygmaeus) ... Sheppey, K., & Bernard, R. T. F. (1984). Relative brain size in the mammalian carnivores of the Cape Province of South Africa. ... Eloff, F. C. (1984). "Food ecology of the Kalahari lion Panthera leo vernayi". Koedoe. 27 (2): 249-258. doi:10.4102/koedoe. ...
The Blue Planet
The extreme spring tides allow opportunists to forage further, and raccoons are shown tackling a red rock crab. Some larger ...
Cozumel raccoon - Wikipedia
The Cozumel raccoon (Procyon pygmaeus), also called the pygmy raccoon, is a critically endangered species of island raccoon ... It is also known as dwarf raccoon, Cozumel Island raccoon, and Cozumel raccoon bear. Clinton Hart Merriam first described the ... Therefore, the Cozumel raccoon was listed as the only distinct species of the genus Procyon besides the common raccoon and the ... Apart from its smaller size and more rounded snout, the Cozumel raccoon is similar in appearance to the common raccoon. The fur ...
The Raccoons and the Lost Star - Wikipedia
It came after the first two Raccoons seasonal specials, which were The Christmas Raccoons (1980) and The Raccoons on Ice (1981 ... In the United States, where The Raccoons specials were in the top 10 in Nielsen ratings, The Raccoons and the Lost Star was the ... Len Carlson - Bert Raccoon / Pig General Michael Magee - Cyril Sneer / Snag Bob Dermer - Ralph Raccoon / Bears Dottie West - ... "Promotional back cover, The Raccoons and the Lost Star". gilsinan.com. Retrieved 2013-10-18. The Raccoons and the Lost Star at ...
Skunk and Raccoon Rabies in the Eastern United States: Temporal and Spatial Analysis - Volume 9, Number 9-September 2003 -...
Temporal regression analysis showed that the number of rabid raccoons predicted the number of rabid skunks through time, with a ... In areas where the raccoon rabies virus variant is enzootic, spatio-temporal analysis does not provide evidence that this ... Spatial analysis indicated that epizootics in raccoons and skunks moved in a similar direction from 1990 to 2000. ... an epizootic of raccoon rabies has spread throughout the eastern United States. A concomitant increase in reported rabies cases ...
Raccoon Roundworm Eggs near Homes and Risk for Larva Migrans Disease, California Communities - Volume 9, Number 12-December...
Where raccoon densities are high, education of the public and removal of raccoons may be necessary. ... The presence of B. procyonis eggs in raccoon latrines was common, widespread, and closely associated with human habitation. ... The raccoon roundworm, Baylisascaris procyonis, is increasingly recognized as a cause of serious or fatal larva migrans disease ... the potential for infection in three northern California communities by determining the density and distribution of raccoon ...
Raccoon Roundworm Encephalitis --- Chicago, Illinois, and Los Angeles, California, 2000
Raccoons infected with BP inhabit most of the United States; the highest prevalence of BP infection in raccoons (68%--82%) ... raccoon feces. Raccoons typically defecate at the base of or in raised forks of trees or on raised horizontal surfaces such as ... Chicago suburb where raccoons are common. A field study conducted in September 2000 revealed several sites of raccoon fecal ... Raccoon feces also can be found on woodpiles, decks, rooftops, and in attics, garages, and haylofts. Feces usually are dark and ...
A log-linear model for predicting risk factors for rabies positivity in raccoons in Virginia, 1984-1987
Ocular, naso-maxillary, and neural anomalies in raccoons, Procyon lotor (L.).
Congenital ocular and related anomalies were studied in two unrelated young raccoons. One animal was anophthalmic and had ... Congenital ocular and related anomalies were studied in two unrelated young raccoons. One animal was anophthalmic and had ... 6417348 - Ocular, naso-maxillary, and neural anomalies in raccoons, procyon lotor (l.).. 25444558 - Fever of unknown origin ( ...
Raccoon - New World Encyclopedia
... the North American raccoon, the northern raccoon, or even simply as "the raccoon," since the two other raccoon species in the ... The Cozumel raccoon (Procyon pygmaeus), also called the pygmy raccoon, is a critically endangered species of raccoon ... P. lotor also goes by such common names as "North American raccoon,", "northern raccoon,", the "raccoon,", and ... These are the Bahaman raccoon and Guadeloupe raccoon, which are very similar to each other; the Tres Marias raccoon, which is ...
Raccoon & D.M. River Nitrate: Historical Nuggets - Chris Jones, IIHR Research Engineer
Raccoon Roundworm (Baylisascaris procyonis) Encephalitis: Case Report and Field Investigation | American Academy of Pediatrics
Raccoons. Eleven raccoons were necropsied, and all were found to be infected with adult or immature B procyonis. Subsequent to ... The existing raccoon latrines were cleaned up. A year later there were ongoing raccoon problems with over a dozen newly ... B procyonis infection is a possibility wherever raccoons reside. Raccoons are able to adapt to mans environment and can be ... Baylisascaris procyonis is a common and widespread parasite of raccoons in the United States and Canada. With large raccoon ...
Behavioral Development of Terrestrial Carnivores | SpringerLink
Aspects of raccoon (Procyon lotor) social organization. Canadian J. Zool 56:260-271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Movements of female raccoons and their young as determined by radio-tracking. Anim. Behav. Monogr. 4:1-43.Google Scholar ... Dissolution of raccoon sibling bonds. J. Mamm. 58:427-428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Acoustic recognition between mother and cubs in raccoons (Procyon lotor). Behaviour 96:130-163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
Dingwall, Laima 1953- [WorldCat Identities]
Raccoons by Laima Dingwall( Book ). 19 editions published between 1984 and 2004 in 3 languages and held by 1,088 WorldCat ... Text and photographs describe the physical characteristics and behavior of the raccoon ... Miscellanea Nature North American river otter Opossums Otters Owls Polar bear Porcupines Rabbits Raccoon Red fox Riddles, ... 8 editions published between 1984 and 1990 in English and held by 349 WorldCat member libraries worldwide Stories, puzzles and ...
Bartonella clarridgeiae and Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii exposure in captive wild canids in Brazil | Epidemiology &...
2 Rabid Raccoons Prompt 2nd Quarantine - tribunedigital-orlandosentinel
... indefinite quarantine on pets Monday on 15 square miles in the Winter Park area after the discovery of two more rabid raccoons ... The discoveries last week bring to eight the number of rabid raccoons found in the county this year and puts Orange ahead of ... Williams, of animal control, said a rabid raccoon captured last Tuesday was so vicious it broke off its teeth trying to bite ... My Lord, I was within 3 feet of this rabid raccoon, said Patterson, 62, of 1313 Richmond Drive. He growled and started to ...
Transabdominal Migration of the Testis | SpringerLink
CDC Media Relations: MMWR News Synopsis for January 4, 2002
Raccoon Roundworm Encephalitis - Chicago, Illinois, and Los Angeles, California, 2000. Severe or fatal encephalitis occurs in ... Raccoons infected with BP have been found throughout the United States. Multidrug-Resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae - ... Raccoon Roundworm Encephalitis - Chicago, Illinois, and Los Angeles, California, 2000. *Multidrug-Resistant Streptococcus ... in the small intestine of raccoons. PRESS CONTACT:. Peter Schantz, M.D.. CDC, National Center for Infectious Diseases. (770) ...
Coccidia of the World
Host: Procyon lotor (Raccoon) *References: Inabnit et al. 1972; Levine and Ivens 1981 FAMILY: Ursidae (bears). *Eimeria ailuri ... FAMILY: Procyonidae (coati, kinkagou, raccoon). *Eimeria nasuae Carini and Grechi, 1938 *Host: Nausa narica (White-nosed coati ... Coccidiosis in raccoons: Eimeria nuttalii n. sp., parasite of Procyon lotor. Parasitology 24: 574-575. Yakimoff, V.L., and ... in raccoons in Illinois. Abstract no. 12 from the 36th annual Midwestern Conference of Parasitologists, University of Iowa, ...
Raccoon - Wikipedia
The raccoon (/raˈkun/, Procyon lotor), whiles spelt racoon, forby kent as the common raccoon, North American raccoon, ... Raccoon Tracks-general information aboot raccoons. *Raccoons - Living with Wildlife-information aboot dealing wi urban raccoons ... Pet raccoons[eedit , eedit soorce]. Raccoons are whiles kept as pets, whilk is discouraged bi mony experts acause the raccoon ... Raccoons and humans[eedit , eedit soorce]. Conflicts[eedit , eedit soorce]. A skunk an a Californie raccoon (P. s. psora) share ...
Northeastern Naturalist, Volume 18, Number 4 (2011): 395-410
A multiresolution assessment of Raccoon den selection. Journal of Wildlife Management 68(1):179-187. Hewitt, D.G., and R.L. ... Hunyadi, B.W. 1984. Ruffed Grouse restoration in Missouri. Pp. 21-35, in W.L. Robinson (Ed.). Ruffed Grouse Management: State ... 1985, Gullion 1965, Hunyadi 1984). At Fort Drum, birds were captured 11 September-5 October 2007 and 4 September-6 November ...
Tuesday, September 18, 1984 crossword by Nancy McCarthy
Torreya State Park - Wikipedia
Poetry in Periodicals - Marge Piercy
"Silk Confetti", raccoon 14, January 1984.. "The Chuppah", Lilith, Vol. 11, Fall-Winter 1983. ... 2, Fall 1984.. "Still Life", "The Listmaker", "Going into town to vote in the storm", Manhattan Poetry Review 4, Winter 1984-5. ... 1, 1984.. "Tashlich", "Return of the prodigal darling", "How we make nice", "The place where everything changed", Negative ... "The wine", International Women Artists Archive News, December 1984.. "The sun and the moon in the morning sky of Charlotte," ...
Prevalence of Baylisascaris procyonis and implications for reintroduced woodrat populations in Southern Illinois. - Free Online...
Periodic monitoring of eastern woodrat and raccoon populations in southern Illinois should continue. Control of raccoon ... Raccoon (Procyon lotor and Allies). Pages 611-634 in G. A. Feldhamer, B. C. Thompson, and J. A. Chapman, editors. Wild mammals ... Likely sites for raccoon latrines (downed logs and prominent rocks) were examined along the route, flagged, and a GPS location ... Raccoons are well known for their tendency to gravitate toward urban and suburban areas for easier access to food, with ...
AmphibiaWeb - Rana areolata
red panda - Everything2.com
raccoon. Giant panda. Red ink stains one red, black ink stains one black. Every poem about thunder was written under the ... Another name for the "red panda," an Asian creature about the size and appearance of a large raccoon with rusty fur, a white- ... Like the giant panda, a debate goes on as to whether this panda is most closely related to raccoons, bears, or what. ... Mayr, E. (1986) Uncertainty in science: is the giant panda a bear or a raccoon? Nature 323, 769-771 OBrien, S.J., Nash, W.G., ...
Wallace E. Sugden, 91 - tribunedigital-chicagotribune
DIET OF THE CANEBRAKE RATTLESNAKE (CROTALUS HORRID US A TRICA UDA TUS): AN ADDITIONAL RECORD AND REVIEW. - Free Online Library
A raccoon (Procyon lotor) is the largest mammalian prey item reported (Martin & Wood 1955). Birds comprise a relatively minor ... Copeia, 1984:976-981. Rosene, W. 1969. The bobwhite quail: its life and management. Rutgers Univ. Press, New Brunswick, 418 pp ... 1984) describe the predatory behavior of C. horridus as "sit-and-wait." Assuming C. horridus atricaudatus utilizes a similar ... 1984), C. horridus is an opportunistic predator consuming small terrestrial rodents in proportion to their abundance. Tree ...
Procyon lotor (raccoon)
... had raccoons using their properties. However, 89% did not consider raccoons a nuisance, even though 33% believed that raccoons ... Dissolution of raccoon sibling bonds. Journal of Mammalogy, 58:427-428. Fritzell EK, 1978. Habitat use by prairie raccoons ... Management of raccoons (Procyon lotor) in Ontario, Canada: do human intervention and disease have significant impact on raccoon ... When raccoons become a problem. When raccoons become a problem. Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada: PEI Fisheries, ...
ASMscience | Raccoon Roundworm Infect
B. procyonis is the large ascarid parasite of raccoons. The biology, morphology, and ecology of B. procyonis are similar to ... The problem of urbanized raccoons exemplifies the growing disconnect between the public's conceptions about wildlife and ... a discussion of the biology and behavior of raccoons is prerequisite to subsequent discussions of epidemiology, pathogenesis, ... A young raccoon prowling around an urban house at night in northern California. Large numbers of raccoons thrive in suburbia ...
ProcyonFoxesNorth AmericaBaylisascaris1985Infection in raccoonsLotorNyctereutesAmong raccoonsRabid raccoonsYoung raccoonsParasiteRange of the raccoon19811983Fecal contaminationPopulationsBatsRabies virusLatrine sitesProcyonis eggsCrab-eating2000DensitiesSkunksPrevalence1998SkunkFecesEncephalitisDeerOral rabiesGenusTerrestrialCozumel IslandNocturnalOmnivorousEndemicMinksLatrinesSpeciesFemalesPredationBehaviorParasitesEcologyHabitatsVirginiaHabitatCaliforniaAdultDistemperTemporal1996CommonHumansMammalsDentitionVaccinationUnusuallySnakesWildlife
- The Cozumel raccoon (Procyon pygmaeus), also called the pygmy raccoon, is a critically endangered species of island raccoon endemic on Cozumel Island off the coast of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. (wikipedia.org)
- Clinton Hart Merriam first described the Cozumel raccoon as morphologically distinctive from its mainland relative, the common raccoon subspecies Procyon lotor hernandezii, in 1901. (wikipedia.org)
- Therefore, the Cozumel raccoon was listed as the only distinct species of the genus Procyon besides the common raccoon and the crab-eating raccoon in the third edition of Mammal Species of the World. (wikipedia.org)
- The raccoon, Procyon lotor , is a free-ranging mammal found throughout urban and rural areas of North America. (cdc.gov)
- Raccoon (sometimes racoon ) is the common name for any of the New World mammals comprising the genus Procyon of the Carnivora family Procyonidae, and particularly is associated with the common raccoon, P. lotor . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Procyon , the taxonomic unit in which raccoons are placed, is a genus in the mammalian family Procyonidae and order Carnivora . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Procyon lotor is the most familiar species and is known as the "common racoon," the North American raccoon, the northern raccoon, or even simply as "the raccoon," since the two other raccoon species in the genus are native only to the tropics and are considerably lesser-known. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Raccoons (Procyon lotor) have a wide geographic distribution in North America and population densities are often quite high (Gehrt 2003). (thefreelibrary.com)
- The USDA, Wildlife Services cooperative oral rabies vaccination (ORV) program uses a live vaccinia virus-vectored (genus Orthopoxvirus ) vaccine, Raboral V-RG ® (V-RG), to vaccinate specific wildlife species against rabies virus in several regions of the U.S. Several naturally occurring orthopoxviruses have been found in North America, including one isolated from asymptomatic raccoons ( Procyon lotor ). (beds.ac.uk)
- Baylisascaris procyonis is a parasitic nematode, or helminth, endemic to raccoon ( Procyon lotor )  populations  . (kenyon.edu)
- The raccoon ( Procyon lotor ) appeared to be the sole maintenance source for terrestrial animal rabies in Florida. (bioone.org)
- The American mink Mustela vison, raccoon dog Nyctereutes procyonoides and raccoon Procyon lotor are introduced carnivores in Europe. (bioone.org)
- Nina Marano] Dr. King, foxes, raccoons, and bats play an important role in the ecology of infectious diseases, such as rabies. (cdc.gov)
- The disease in wildlife--especially skunks, foxes, raccoons, and bats-- has become more prevalent in recent years, accounting for approximately 85% of all reported cases of animal rabies every year since 1976. (cdc.gov)
- The south central skunk strain is the most common strain in Texas and this strain can spill over to other wildlife such as foxes and raccoons. (houstonpettalk.com)
- Other sequences corresponding to mites from humans, raccoon dogs, foxes, jackal and dogs from various geographical areas were retrieved from GenBank. (biomedcentral.com)
- An 829 nucleotide region of the CDV N gene was analyzed in 19 CDV field strains isolated from minks, raccoon dogs and foxes in China between 2005 and 2007. (biomedcentral.com)
- High E. multilocularis PP in raccoon dogs and golden jackals correlated with high PP in foxes. (biomedcentral.com)
- 3 %, raccoon dogs and golden jackals could play a similar role as foxes. (biomedcentral.com)
- In North America, variants of rabies virus are maintained in the wild by several terrestrial carnivore species, including raccoons, skunks, and a number of bat species. (cdc.gov)
- Large numbers of raccoons thrive in suburbia throughout North America and in other countries where they have been introduced. (asmscience.org)
- The raccoon roundworm, Baylisascaris procyonis , is increasingly recognized as a cause of serious or fatal larva migrans disease in humans and animals. (cdc.gov)
- Adult Baylisascaris procyonis removed from the small intestine of a raccoon. (cdc.gov)
- One of these, the raccoon roundworm, Baylisascaris procyonis (Nematoda: Ascaridoidea) ( Figure 1 ), is a well-known cause of visceral, ocular, and neural larva migrans in humans and other animals ( 1 - 3 ). (cdc.gov)
- Baylisascaris procyonis (BP), a common roundworm found in the small intestine of raccoons, causes severe or fatal encephalitis (neural larva migrans [NLM]) in a variety of birds and mammals, including humans ( 1--8 ). (cdc.gov)
- Baylisascaris procyonis is a common and widespread parasite of raccoons in the United States and Canada. (aappublications.org)
- Baylisascaris procyonis , the raccoon ascarid, is inherently pathogenic and is likely to produce severe central nervous system (CNS) disease. (aappublications.org)
- Their large population sizes and ubiquitous distribution make raccoons an important vector for parasites and diseases including distemper, rabies, and the roundworm Baylisascaris procyonis (Mitchell et al. (thefreelibrary.com)
- Raccoons can carry the intestinal parasite, Baylisascaris procyonis, which can can cause serious problems in humans. (cabi.org)
- This is an image of Baylisascaris procyonis adults obtained from a raccoon. (kenyon.edu)
- An image of adult B. procyonis worms can be seen at the right (Figure 1) .Though raccoons are found throughout the United States, Baylisascaris procyonis -infected raccoons are most prevalent in the Midwest, the West Coast, the mid-Atlantic, and the Northeast  . (kenyon.edu)
Infection in raccoons1
- Dirofilaria tenuis causes heartworm infection in raccoons and infrequently causes human disease. (readbyqxmd.com)
- This represents an example of insular dwarfism, and the animals are, on average, about 18% shorter and 45% lighter than the subspecies of common raccoon found on the local mainland, P. lotor shufeldti. (wikipedia.org)
- The "common raccoon," P. lotor , also known simply as "the raccoon," is the most widely distributed species, with a natural range from southern Canada to Panama . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- The raccoon dog, which goes by the scientific name Nyctereutes procyonoides , does look quite a bit like an American raccoon. (koryoswrites.com)
- Development of young and parental care of raccoon dog, Nyctereutes procyonoides viverrinus TEMMICK, in captivity. (tanuki-club.com)
- ABS: Studies on the growth of young and parental care of the raccoon dog, Nyctereutes procyonoides viverrinus TEMMINCK, in captivity. (tanuki-club.com)
- ABS: Utilization pattern of latrines by raccoon dogs, Nyctereutes procyonoides, was studied on a small island in western Kyushu, Japan. (tanuki-club.com)
- Home range utilization of a raccoon dog, Nyctereutes procyonoides viverrinus, TEMMINCK in a small islet in Western Kyushu. (tanuki-club.com)
- ABS: The growth, size, and fat reserves of the raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) were studied in Finland in 1986-90. (tanuki-club.com)
- The life-cycle of E. multilocularis involves small rodent intermediate hosts such as arvicolids and wild or domestic canid definitive hosts such as the red fox ( Vulpes vulpes ), the Arctic fox ( Vulpes lagopus ), the raccoon dog ( Nyctereutes procyonoides ) or the dog ( Canis lupus f. familiaris ). (biomedcentral.com)
- Despite the incredibly high prevalence of B. procyonis among raccoons, the animals display no symptoms upon infection  . (kenyon.edu)
- Temporal regression analysis showed that the number of rabid raccoons predicted the number of rabid skunks through time, with a 1-month lag. (cdc.gov)
- Moreover, in a growing number of counties in Massachusetts and Rhode Island, the number of rabid skunks has surpassed the number of rabid raccoons. (cdc.gov)
- Orange County health officials slapped an indefinite quarantine on pets Monday on 15 square miles in the Winter Park area after the discovery of two more rabid raccoons, including one ''that was crazier than a hoot owl. (orlandosentinel.com)
- The discoveries last week bring to eight the number of rabid raccoons found in the county this year and puts Orange ahead of the state in reported rabies cases. (orlandosentinel.com)
- Congenital ocular and related anomalies were studied in two unrelated young raccoons. (biomedsearch.com)
- 1998). The parasite has little to no effect on the raccoon host and is rarely fatal except in cases of severe infection (Kazacos 2001, Gehrt 2003). (thefreelibrary.com)
- B. procyonis is the large ascarid parasite of raccoons. (asmscience.org)
- Some sources say that up to 90% of adult raccoons in any given geographic area have been found to be infected with B. procyonis , and that the range of the parasite appears to be extending to include the southeastern United States as well  . (kenyon.edu)
Range of the raccoon2
- The Raccoons and the Lost Star is the third of four animated television specials leading up to the animated television series The Raccoons and debuted on December 13, 1983. (wikipedia.org)
- ticks were screened for spirochetes and serum samples from white-tailed deer (odocoileus virginianus) were assayed for antibodies to borrelia burgdorferi during 1983-1984. (liverpool.ac.uk)
- the clinical and geographic characteristics of 679 patients who met the clinical definition of lyme disease and who had antibody titers of greater than or equal to 1: 128 to borrelia burgdorferi for a two year period, 1983-1984, are described. (liverpool.ac.uk)
- A field study conducted in September 2000 revealed several sites of raccoon fecal contamination positive for BP eggs in the yard. (cdc.gov)
- An extensive field survey of the patient's residence and the surrounding community was performed to investigate raccoon abundance and to determine the extent of raccoon fecal contamination and B procyonis eggs in the environment. (aappublications.org)
- In such a role, raccoons help in maintaining the balance of prey populations and provide food for other animals. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- With large raccoon populations occurring in many areas, the potential risk of human infection with B procyonis is high. (aappublications.org)
- The prevalence of raccoons and their latrine sites may have a direct impact on other wildlife species, including woodrat populations. (thefreelibrary.com)
- Raccoons are considered peridomestic, meaning they frequently have close contact with human populations  , a trend that is increasing as humans further invade previously undeveloped habitats  . (kenyon.edu)
- Colonial Pest Control specializes in controlling house pests common to Boston - pests like bats, raccoons, termites, bed bugs and much more. (colonialpest.com)
- In areas where the raccoon rabies virus variant is enzootic, spatio-temporal analysis does not provide evidence that this rabies virus variant is currently cycling independently among skunks. (cdc.gov)
- Beginning in 1990, a concomitant increase in the number of cases of skunks infected with the raccoon rabies virus variant has occurred in these states ( Figure 1c,d ). (cdc.gov)
- Whether the increasing number of cases in skunks is a result of spillover from raccoons or the raccoon rabies virus variant has begun to circulate independently within the skunk population remains unclear. (cdc.gov)
- Overall, raccoons pre-immunized (n = 10) with a recombinant raccoonpox virus vaccine (RCN-F1) responded to vaccination with V-RG with lower rabies virus neutralizing antibody (VNA) titers than those which were not pre-immunized (n = 10) and some failed to seroconvert for rabies VNA to detectable levels. (beds.ac.uk)
- Raccoons develop communal latrine sites used by various individuals (Gehrt 2003, Page et al. (thefreelibrary.com)
- The presence of B. procyonis eggs in raccoon latrines was common, widespread, and closely associated with human habitation. (cdc.gov)
- There was abundant evidence of B procyonis eggs associated with numerous sites of raccoon defecation around the patient's residence and elsewhere in the community. (aappublications.org)
- The tropical "crab-eating raccoon," P. cancrivorus , ranges from Costa Rica through most areas of South America east of the Andes down to northern Argentina and Uruguay . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Spatial analysis indicated that epizootics in raccoons and skunks moved in a similar direction from 1990 to 2000. (cdc.gov)
- The raccoons live in densities of about 17-27 individuals per km2. (wikipedia.org)
- However, individuals do not appear to defend territories to any great extent, and their close relative, the common raccoon, can exist at very high densities when food is abundant. (wikipedia.org)
- The establishment of rabies in this species has raised public health concerns about an increased risk for rabies transmission to the human population because the raccoons are well adapted to living at unusually high densities in urban and suburban environments ( 4 , 5 ). (cdc.gov)
- Where raccoon densities are high, education of the public and removal of raccoons may be necessary. (cdc.gov)
- In the eastern US, risk of contracting Lyme disease is higher in fragmented forests with high rodent densities and low numbers of resident fox, opossum, and raccoons. (news-medical.net)
- The establishment of an independent cycle of rabies in the skunk population may have serious consequences for rabies vaccine baiting programs because the current oral vaccine for raccoons is not as effective in skunks ( 10 ). (cdc.gov)
- Raccoons eat both plant and animal matter, and often share habitat with skunks or opossums  , which can also be infected by nematodes related to B. procyonis  . (kenyon.edu)
- Live traps are more often used by private "nuisance" animal control trappers for trapping raccoons, cats, skunks, etc. (animalliberationfront.com)
- We assessed the potential for infection in three northern California communities by determining the density and distribution of raccoon latrines, where transmission primarily occurs, and the prevalence of eggs at private residences. (cdc.gov)
- The primary objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of B. procyonis in the local raccoon population inhabiting areas of woodrat reintroductions. (thefreelibrary.com)
- 1998), or following vaccinations, including rabies (Hemachudha et al 1988) and swine influenza (Langmuir et al 1984), or surgical procedures (Aranson and Asbury 1968). (webmedcentral.com)
- We have not had a confirmed case of rabies in a skunk since 1984. (houstonpettalk.com)
- Humans become infected with BP by ingesting soil or other materials (e.g., bark or wood chips) contaminated with raccoon feces containing BP eggs ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
- This report describes two cases of BP encephalitis in residents of Chicago and Los Angeles and illustrates the importance of reducing exposure to raccoons and their feces in U.S. urban areas. (cdc.gov)
- It is estimated that raccoons shed up to 20,000 eggs per gram of feces  , while only 5,000 eggs or fewer is sufficient to infect a human  . (kenyon.edu)
- The home range and the number of individuals in the area are established by means of a bait-marking method which is a new technique developed in this study taking notice of the peculiar behaviour of the raccoon dog to defecate its feces daily on a definite fecal pile site. (tanuki-club.com)
- We report a case of severe raccoon roundworm ( B procyonis ) encephalitis in a young child to illustrate the unique clinical, diagnostic, and treatment aspects, as well as public health concerns of B procyonis infection. (aappublications.org)
- In addition to the aforementioned cases, at least 12 cases of severe or fatal BP encephalitis have been identified since 1984 in the United States. (cdc.gov)
- In addition, many deer and at least 20 raccoons populated their property and surroundings. (aappublications.org)
- As a novel potential control method, several states have initiated raccoon vaccination programs using an oral rabies vaccine ( 6 - 9 ). (cdc.gov)
- Oral rabies vaccination (ORV) programs for raccoons are common in the eastern U.S. Raboral V-RG ® (V-RG) is the only licensed oral rabies vaccine for wildlife in the U.S. This vaccine utilizes a live vaccinia virus (genus Orthopoxvirus ) vector. (beds.ac.uk)
- As members of the family Procyonidae and the subfamily Procyoninae, raccoons are placed with coatis (comprising the genus Nasua ), mountain coatis (genus Nasuella ), and the ringtails and cacomistles (genus Bassariscus ). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- CPV is a nonenveloped, linear, single‐stranded DNA virus with a genome of approximately 5 kb, and it belongs to the genus Parvovirus, together with feline panleukopenia virus, mink enteritis virus, raccoon parvovirus, and porcine parvovirus. (intechopen.com)
- Islands usually lack terrestrial mammals, especially carnivores, making the Cozumel raccoon and the others unique. (wikipedia.org)
-  The diet o the omnivorous raccoon, whilk is uisually nocturnal , consists o aboot 40% invertebrates , 33% plant fuids, an 27% vertebrates . (wikipedia.org)
- at a major endemic focus in new jersey, 50% of 290 adult ixodes dammini collected in the fall of 1984 were infected with the lyme disease spirochete (borrelia burgdorferi), which was statistically higher than the rate found in the 202 adult ticks (39.6%) examined during the spring. (liverpool.ac.uk)
- The first American minks were brought to European fur farms in the late 1920s, when also the first raccoons were released, and raccoon dogs were released in the 1930s. (bioone.org)
- The numbers of American minks and raccoon dogs increased rapidly, and today they are widely distributed in Europe. (bioone.org)
- Although there is some variation depending on the species in question, raccoons range from 20-40 inches (51-100 cm) in length (including the tail) and weigh between 10 and 35 pounds (4.5 and 16 kg). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- There are three extant species of raccoon. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- In the first decades efter its diskivery bi the members o the expedeetion o Christopher Columbus (the first person tae leave a written record aboot the species), taxonomists thocht the raccoon wis sib tae mony different species, includin dugs , cats , brocks an parteecularly beirs . (wikipedia.org)
- It was one of the first federally listed endangered plant species in the United States in 1984. (wikipedia.org)
- This raccoon dog achievement is often touted on the species fact sheets, but it's important to note that most raccoon dogs don't actually do a great deal of hibernating in the strictest sense of the word. (koryoswrites.com)
- Little is known about the predation or competition of the raccoon with the native fauna in Europe. (bioone.org)
- To understand why there is an increasing human risk for infection with B. procyonis , a discussion of the biology and behavior of raccoons is prerequisite to subsequent discussions of epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment. (asmscience.org)
- Raccoons harbor a wide variety of infectious agents and parasites, many of which are zoonotic. (cdc.gov)
- Experimental and field data indicate that raccoons may play an important role in influenza disease ecology and pose a risk to agriculture and human health. (cdc.gov)
- On the island, the raccoon inhabits a range of habitats, but is primarily limited to the mangrove forests and sandy wetlands in the northwest tip of the island. (wikipedia.org)
- The oreeginal habitats o the raccoon is deciduous an mixed wid , but due tae thair adaptability thay hae stendit thair range tae mountainous auries, coastal marshes , an urban auries , whaur some homeowners consider them tae be pests . (wikipedia.org)
- Visit the European Union web site at [http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/natura2000/management/habitats/models_en.htm] to download a copy of the Habitat Management Model for the above community. (marinespecies.org)
- In the late 1970s, an epizootic of raccoon rabies was reported on the Virginia/West Virginia border attributed to the translocation of raccoons from the southeastern United States ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
- The epizootiology of raccoon rabies in the eastern United States has been investigated in several states, including Virginia ( 11 , 12 ), Connecticut ( 13 ), and Maryland ( 14 , 15 ). (cdc.gov)
- The wird "raccoon" wis adoptit intae Inglis frae the native Powhatan term, as uised in the Virginia Colony . (wikipedia.org)
- The habitat specificity of Cozumel raccoons is in large part due to the type of foods they consume. (wikipedia.org)
- Woodrats routinely collect and store items from their habitat, including raccoon scat. (thefreelibrary.com)
- The habitat of raccoons extends from Canada to Panama, meaning that raccoons, the definitive hosts for B. procyonis , are distributed widely across the United States  . (kenyon.edu)
- ABS: Pattern of habitat utilization, home range and food habits of a raccoon dog are studied in a small islet, Takashima, western Kyushu. (tanuki-club.com)
- The small population size and high population density in this islet are explained by the confined circumstances of habitat in the one hand and by the specific modes of life of the raccoon dog, that they can live together in a small area with cooperative utilization of the habitat on the other. (tanuki-club.com)
- A young raccoon prowling around an urban house at night in northern California. (asmscience.org)
- Wood volunteers for the rescue team and has participated in more than 70 rescues this year, including more than 30 involving raccoons with distemper. (thisweeknews.com)
- Models have been developed to describe the spatial and temporal patterns of raccoon rabies epizootics ( 16 - 18 ). (cdc.gov)
- GBS has been shown to be associated with viral or bacterial infections, including Campylobacter jejuni (Kaldor and Speed 1984, Hariharan et al 1996), Borrelia burgdorferi (Sigal and Tatum 1988), Brucella melitensis (Namiduru et al. (webmedcentral.com)
- Data from molecular clock studies implies a divergence date from the common raccoon of anywhere between 26,000 and 69,000 years ago. (wikipedia.org)
- Apart from its smaller size and more rounded snout, the Cozumel raccoon is similar in appearance to the common raccoon. (wikipedia.org)
- Eighteen days before admission, the child's parents had observed that he had dirt on his mouth while playing beneath a cluster of trees in a nearby yard in a Chicago suburb where raccoons are common. (cdc.gov)
- The intelligence and adaptability of the common raccoon has equipped it to survive in a wide range of environments and it is one one of the few medium-to-large-sized animals that have enlarged their range since human encroachment began (another is the coyote ). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- The common raccoon has a natural range from southern Canada to Panama , and has been introduced to continental Europe. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Raccoons are common, widely distributed animals that frequently come into contact with wild waterfowl, with agricultural operations, and with humans. (cdc.gov)
- There are some thematic elements that did not exist in the first two specials, such as the Raccoons' world being separate from that of the humans, but it is the first one to develop the look and feel of the series. (wikipedia.org)
- Raccoon hindfeet have been described as plantigrade (with soles touching the ground), similar to those of humans and bears , and their entire sole is on the ground when standing, although they might also be described as semi-plantigrade since they move at times with their heels off the ground. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Coonhound paralysis (CHP), first described in 1954 is a neurological condition of dogs that resembles GBS of humans, and it occurs in coonhounds in 1-2 weeks following a raccoon bite or scratch (Kingma and Catcott 1954). (webmedcentral.com)
- Opossums and raccoons are called 'dilution hosts' because they not only draw ticks away from humans, they also kill attached ticks while grooming and eat smaller mammals that feed ticks. (caryinstitute.org)
- Cat and dog fleas are the most likely fleas to affect humans, though rats and raccoons nesting in a home can also carry fleas. (kingcounty.gov)
- The Montauk animal has lost its upper canines and incisors (you can even see the empty sockets), and if you're surprised by the length of the Montauk animal's limbs, note that - like a lot of mammals we ordinarily assume to be relatively short-legged - raccoons are actually surprisingly leggy (claims that the limb proportions of the Montauk carcass are unlike those of raccoons are not correct). (mysteriousuniverse.org)
- The match for a raccoon is perfect once we compare the dentition and proportions. (mysteriousuniverse.org)
- The effect of naturally occurring antibodies to orthopoxviruses on successful V-RG vaccination in raccoons is the focus of this study. (beds.ac.uk)
- It is unknown whether previous exposure to these North American orthopoxviruses can inhibit the effectiveness of V-RG vaccination in raccoons. (beds.ac.uk)
- Unless an unusually heavy infection occurs in juvenile raccoons, B. procyonis causes little or no clinical disease in its natural host. (cdc.gov)
- The easiest way to discourage predatory cats, snakes, raccoons, and chipmunks is to mount the house on a metal pole, or use a metal predator guard on a wood post. (fws.gov)
- The problem of urbanized raccoons exemplifies the growing disconnect between the public's conceptions about wildlife and the reality of the public health risks that uncontrolled wildlife can pose. (asmscience.org)
- Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge was established on March 14, 1984. (fws.gov)
- The wildlife of raccoons are to carry the virus today. (forumotion.com)