Pesticides used to destroy unwanted vegetation, especially various types of weeds, grasses (POACEAE), and woody plants. Some plants develop HERBICIDE RESISTANCE.
Diminished or failed response of PLANTS to HERBICIDES.
A selective triazine herbicide. Inhalation hazard is low and there are no apparent skin manifestations or other toxicity in humans. Acutely poisoned sheep and cattle may show muscular spasms, fasciculations, stiff gait, increased respiratory rates, adrenal degeneration, and congestion of the lungs, liver, and kidneys. (From The Merck Index, 11th ed)
An herbicide with irritant effects on the eye and the gastrointestinal system.
A powerful herbicide used as a selective weed killer.
A selective pre- and post-emergence herbicide. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.
An herbicide with strong irritant properties. Use of this compound on rice fields, orchards, sugarcane, rangeland, and other noncrop sites was terminated by the EPA in 1985. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
A flavoprotein enzyme that catalyzes the formation of acetolactate from 2 moles of PYRUVATE in the biosynthesis of VALINE and the formation of acetohydroxybutyrate from pyruvate and alpha-ketobutyrate in the biosynthesis of ISOLEUCINE. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 4.1.3.18.
A microtubule-disrupting pre-emergence herbicide.
A triazine herbicide.
An enzyme of the shikimate pathway of AROMATIC AMINO ACID biosynthesis, it generates 5-enolpyruvylshikimate 3-phosphate and ORTHOPHOSPHATE from PHOSPHOENOLPYRUVATE and shikimate-3-phosphate. The shikimate pathway is present in BACTERIA and PLANTS but not in MAMMALS.
The prevention of growth and or spread of unwanted plants.
A poisonous dipyridilium compound used as contact herbicide. Contact with concentrated solutions causes irritation of the skin, cracking and shedding of the nails, and delayed healing of cuts and wounds.
A picolinic acid derivative that is used as a herbicide.
A chlorinated organic herbicide.
A membrane-bound flavoenzyme that catalyzes the oxygen-dependent aromatization of protoporphyrinogen IX (Protogen) to protoporphyrin IX (Proto IX). It is the last enzyme of the common branch of the HEME and CHLOROPHYLL pathways in plants, and is the molecular target of diphenyl ether-type herbicides. VARIEGATE PORPHYRIA is an autosomal dominant disorder associated with deficiency of protoporphyrinogen oxidase.
A pre-emergent herbicide.
Heterocyclic rings containing three nitrogen atoms, commonly in 1,2,4 or 1,3,5 or 2,4,6 formats. Some are used as HERBICIDES.
Common member of the Gramineae family used as cattle FODDER. It harbors several fungi and other parasites toxic to livestock and people and produces allergenic compounds, especially in its pollen. The most commonly seen varieties are L. perenne, L. multiflorum, and L. rigidum.
A species of gram-negative rod-shaped bacteria found ubiquitously and formerly called Comamonas acidovorans and Pseudomonas acidovorans. It is the type species of the genus DELFTIA.
Herbicides that remove leaves from trees and growing plants. They may be either organic or inorganic. Several of the more persistent types have been used in military operations and many are toxic. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
Phenols substituted with one or more chlorine atoms in any position.
Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.
Derivatives of BUTYRIC ACID that contain one or more amino groups attached to the aliphatic structure. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that include the aminobutryrate structure.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate plus oxygen to homogentisic acid and carbon dioxide. EC 1.13.11.27.
Urea compounds which are substituted with one or more methyl groups.
A chlorinated anilide that is used as an herbicide.
Ethers that are linked to a benzene ring structure.
Chemicals used in agriculture. These include pesticides, fumigants, fertilizers, plant hormones, steroids, antibiotics, mycotoxins, etc.
A contact herbicide used also to produce desiccation and defoliation. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Pesticides or their breakdown products remaining in the environment following their normal use or accidental contamination.
A non-essential amino acid. It is found primarily in gelatin and silk fibroin and used therapeutically as a nutrient. It is also a fast inhibitory neurotransmitter.
Diseases in persons engaged in cultivating and tilling soil, growing plants, harvesting crops, raising livestock, or otherwise engaged in husbandry and farming. The diseases are not restricted to farmers in the sense of those who perform conventional farm chores: the heading applies also to those engaged in the individual activities named above, as in those only gathering harvest or in those only dusting crops.
A class of organic compounds containing two ring structures, one of which is made up of more than one kind of atom, usually carbon plus another atom. The heterocycle may be either aromatic or nonaromatic.
Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.
Chemicals that kill or inhibit the growth of fungi in agricultural applications, on wood, plastics, or other materials, in swimming pools, etc.
Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.
Derivatives of ACETIC ACID which contain an hydroxy group attached to the methyl carbon.
Cyclohexane ring substituted by one or more ketones in any position.
A plant genus, in the family AMARANTHACEAE, best known as a source of high-protein grain crops and of Red Dye No. 2 (AMARANTH DYE). Tumbleweed sometimes refers to Amaranthus but more often refers to SALSOLA.
Substances which pollute the soil. Use for soil pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Derivatives of acetamide that are used as solvents, as mild irritants, and in organic synthesis.
Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.
A carboxylating enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of ATP, acetyl-CoA, and HCO3- to ADP, orthophosphate, and malonyl-CoA. It is a biotinyl-protein that also catalyzes transcarboxylation. The plant enzyme also carboxylates propanoyl-CoA and butanoyl-CoA (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 6.4.1.2.
A plant subclass of the class Liliopsida (monocotyledons) in the Chronquist classification system. This is equivalent to the Alismatales order in the APG classification system. It is a primitive group of more or less aquatic plants.
A subclass of enzymes which includes all dehydrogenases acting on carbon-carbon bonds. This enzyme group includes all the enzymes that introduce double bonds into substrates by direct dehydrogenation of carbon-carbon single bonds.
He began selling phenoxy herbicides to professional spray applicators in regional Victoria. Between the mid 1980s and early ... The company is a manufacturer of phenoxies, a class of herbicides that controls and eradicates broadleaved weeds. These ...
ICI Plant Protection had its international headquarters at the site in the 1970s and 1980s. In 1986 a new international ... In April 1990, the site won a Queen's Award for Technological Achievement for herbicides, fungicides and pesticides. It became ...
... which provides resistance to Bayer's Ignite Herbicide/Liberty herbicides; the Herculex I Insect Protection gene, which provides ... In the 1980s, Dr. Jacob Lahijani, Senior Chemist at DuPont, invented Kevlar 149 and was highlighted in the "Innovation: Agent ... DuPont was the largest CFC producer in the world with a 25 percent market share in the 1980s, totaling $600 million in annual ... In October 2010 DuPont began marketing a herbicide called Imprelis, for control of certain plants in turf areas. DuPont ...
By the late 1980s the pharmaceutical industry had experienced significant mergers, making it very difficult for Rorer to ... In order to diversify Rorer merged with AmChem in 1968, an agricultural herbicide producer to form Rorer-AmChem. The merger did ...
One major but discontinued application was the use of chlorobenzene as a solvent for dispersing the herbicide Lasso. Overall, ... production of aryl chlorides (also naphthyl derivatives) has been declining since the 1980s, in part due to environmental ...
... is a diphenyl ether herbicide which has been used in agriculture since the 1980s. Its mode of action has been ... In the UK, following the withdrawal of linuron in 2017, aclinofen began to be used as a pre-emergence herbicide in potatoes. ... Dayan, Franck E; Owens, Daniel K; Duke, Stephen O (2012-01-09). "Rationale for a natural products approach to herbicide ... Kılınç, Özgür; Grasset, Renaud; Reynaud, Stéphane (June 2011). "The herbicide aclonifen: The complex theoretical bases of ...
Litigation in the 1980s ended inconclusively. A review of the matter by the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency ... Herbicides are marketed primarily for field crops and orchards. Liberty brands containing glufosinate (a.k.a. Liberty or Basta ... "Luna label" (PDF). "Herbicide list". Archived from the original on 16 April 2015. Retrieved 15 April 2015. "Liberty label" (PDF ... A Bayer spokesperson said that the largest investments will be made to expand the production of its herbicide Liberty. Liberty ...
By the late 1980s deep brain stimulation emerged as a possible treatment, and it was approved for clinical use by the FDA in ... Other predominant toxin-based models employ the insecticide rotenone, the herbicide paraquat, and the fungicide maneb. Models ... The tragedy of a group of drug addicts in California in the early 1980s who consumed a contaminated and illicitly produced ... Since early in the 1980s fetal, porcine, carotid or retinal tissues have been used in cell transplants for PD patients. ...
... for sulfonylureas as herbicides happened in the 1970s and 1980s, as explored for example in a volume of the Sloan Technology ... A number of sulfonylureas are also used as herbicides, because they can interfere with plant biosynthesis of certain amino ... A large number of sulfonylureas are used as herbicides. They function by interfering with biosynthesis of the amino acids ...
By the late 1980s deep brain stimulation introduced by Alim Louis Benabid and colleagues at Grenoble, France, emerged as a ... Other predominant toxin-based models employ the insecticide rotenone, the herbicide paraquat and the fungicide maneb. Models ... The appearance of parkinsonism in a group of drug addicts in the early 1980s who consumed a contaminated batch of the synthetic ... Deep brain stimulation is the most commonly used surgical treatment, developed in the 1980s by Alim Louis Benabid and others. ...
Herbicides that could damage the soil are prohibited and fertilisation is effected in accordance with the results of soil ... South Tyrol-today Europe's largest organic apple supplier - paved the way for organic apple cultivation in the 1980s. Two ...
During the 1980s, Meselson investigated allegations that "yellow rain" was a Soviet toxin weapon being used against Hmong ... In December 1970, President Richard Nixon ordered a "rapid but orderly" phase-out of herbicide operations in Vietnam. ... he and Robert Baughman developed an advanced mass-spectrometric method for analysis of the toxic herbicide contaminant dioxin ... led a team in the Republic of Vietnam in a pilot study of the ecological and health effects of the military use of herbicides. ...
By the end of the 1980s, helicopters replaced ground patrols, and helicopter patrols would release herbicides aerially to ... The South African Police Service (SAPS) now uses a herbicide formulation which includes glyphosate, and maintains that it is ... Police initially uprooted dagga plantations and burned the crops but in 1980 switched to using herbicides, which they would ... a coalition of civil society organisations successfully lobbied government in the former Natal province to ban the herbicide ...
By the 1980s, the countryside was beginning to show the effects of pollution, both from herbicides used in agriculture and from ...
... C 9H 8N 4OS (IUPAC name: 1-phenyl-3- (1,2,3-thiadiazol-5-yl) urea, other names: TDZ) is a herbicide. The synthesis ... routes and their use as plant growth regulating agent were patented in the early 1980s by the German company Schering AG. The ... Thidiazuron can also be used as a herbicide, because an appropriate dose and timing of administration completely stops growth.[ ...
This was challenged with the rise of hip hop in the 1980s and 1990s. Other genres such as house, techno, reggae, and soul all ... Pesticides, herbicides and other toxic chemicals accumulated in the environment, including in the bodies of humans and other ... Video games were popularized during the late 1970s to 1980s, with the golden age of arcade video games. The age of the portable ... These were in turn replaced by the digital compact disc (CD) during the 1980s to 1990s. The proliferation of the MDCT-based MP3 ...
... of groundnuts grown in Argentina in the 1980s was Colorado Irradiado) Puita INTA-CL rice mutant (herbicide resistance and good ...
By the early 1980s, Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum) was the dominant weed species in the lake. Eurasian ... Other treatments such as the aquatic herbicide Sonar have been used at other lakes. In recent years, zebra mussels have entered ...
In the 1980s, HTLV-2 was identified in a patient with a T-cell lymphoproliferative disease; this patient later developed hairy ... The U.S. Institute of Medicine (IOM) sees a correlation which permits an association between exposure to herbicides and later ... However, the U.S. Institute of Medicine permits an association to exposure to herbicides (Atrazine). The U.S. Department of ... The IOM report emphasizes that neither animal nor human studies indicate an association of herbicides with HCL specifically. ...
The highest body burdens were found in Western Europe in the 1970s and early 1980s, and the trends have been similar in the U.S ... Handling and spraying of chlorophenoxy acid herbicides may also cause quite high exposures, as clearly demonstrated by the ... Dioxin intake and levels in breast milk in 1970s and 1980s were 5 to 10 times higher than presently, and very few effects have ... There have been several TEF versions since the 1980s. The most recent re-assessment was by an expert group of the World Health ...
A genetically modified form of cultivated rice has been developed that will resist a herbicide, but this form of rice has not ... It has become very significant since the mid-1980s, especially in Europe, with the weak semi-dwarf varieties of indica ... Because weedy rice and cultivated rice are so closely related, herbicides that would kill red rice would also kill cultivated ...
Around the 1980s, a multi-tactic approach was developed, including destruction of weed hosts, biological insecticides, and ... Mowing or killing weeds with herbicide early in the spring can reduce budworm population size later in the year. Killing larvae ...
Bolivia's most lucrative crop in the 1980s was coca. The country was the second largest grower of coca in the world, supplying ... Some US priorities, however, were excluded from the law which bans defoliants, herbicides, and aerial spraying of crops in ... Analysts believed that exports of coca paste or cocaine generated from US$600 million to US$1 billion annually in the 1980s, ... Bolivian farmers rushed to grow coca in the 1980s as its price climbed and the economy collapsed. Soaring unemployment also ...
First seen in Los Angeles and San Diego in the early 1980s, it heavily infests the counties between those cities. It expanded ... The plant can be removed physically or killed with triclopyr; it is resistant to glyphosate-based herbicides. The Arizona ...
Since early in the 1980s, fetal, porcine, carotid or retinal tissues have been used in cell transplants, in which dissociated ... the herbicide paraquat and the fungicide maneb.[131] Models based on toxins are most commonly used in primates. Transgenic ... The appearance of parkinsonism in a group of drug addicts in the early 1980s who consumed a contaminated batch of the synthetic ... By the late 1980s deep brain stimulation introduced by Alim Louis Benabid and colleagues at Grenoble, France, emerged as a ...
Agent Orange was one of the herbicides and defoliants used by the British military during the Malayan Emergency and the U.S. ... Not only was the vegetation affected, but also the wildlife: "a mid-1980s study by Vietnamese ecologists documented just 24 ... The US military used "more than 20 million gallons of herbicides [...] to defoliate forests, clear growth along the borders of ... The uncertain long-term effects of these herbicides are now being discovered by looking at modified species distribution ...
The gene that provides resistance to the herbicide glyphosate was found after seven years of searching in bacteria that living ... The cry proteins were discovered to provide the insecticidal activity in 1956, and by the 1980s, scientists had successfully ... Transformation using electroporation was developed in the late 1980s, increasing the efficiency and bacterial range. In 1907 a ...
Large vines can be cut at ground level and a herbicide gel applied to prevent sprouting. Trailing vines must be removed since ... service campaign highlighting the threat of old man's beard was carried out by the Department of Conservation in the 1980s ... Various methods are used to control the plant including mechanical removal, herbicides and biological control. ...
... but because chia is sensitive to most commonly used herbicides, mechanical weed control is preferred. During the 1980s in the ...
It was introduced separately to California in the 1980s, making it the only introduced species of Commelina in the western ... and by 2003 was considered the most serious pest of Georgia's cotton crop due to widely used herbicides such as glyphosate ...
"Natural farming succeeds in Indian village By Partap C Aggarwal" in the 1980s Satavic Farms (India), "Slowly, bit by bit, we ... No pesticides or herbicides. *No weeding. *No pruning. A young man helps harvest rice by hand at a natural farm, in this ... Although the term "natural farming" came into common use in the English language during the 1980s with the translation of the ...
Major work was carried out in the 1980s to develop Broad Ees Dole into a wetland area that could be managed to improve the ... The Dole was drained, all of the surface soil was removed and the area treated with herbicide before being allowed to return to ...
From the 1950s to the 1980s, the Soviet Union was the world's largest producer of hemp (3,000 km2 in 1970). The main production ... Hemp is also claimed to require few pesticides and no herbicides, and it has been called a carbon negative raw material.[61][62 ... Using hemp this way can help farmers avoid the use of herbicides, gain organic certification, and gain the benefits of crop ...
By the mid-1980s, other BioFETs had been developed, including the gas sensor FET (GASFET), pressure sensor FET (PRESSFET), ... These have been engineered for resistance to pathogens and herbicides and better nutrient profiles. GM livestock have also been ... Carpenter J. & Gianessi L. (1999). Herbicide tolerant soybeans: Why growers are adopting Roundup Ready varieties. AgBioForum, 2 ... resistance to a herbicide[44]), reduction of spoilage,[45] or improving the nutrient profile of the crop.[46] Examples in non- ...
... in the 1970s and 1980s; this was not because of government prohibitions but because the DDT had lost its ability to kill the ... cranberries were found to contain high levels of the herbicide aminotriazole and the sale of all cranberry products was halted ... the Long Island pesticide spraying case and had provided Carson with some of the material included in her chapter on herbicides ...
No pesticides, insecticides or herbicides are used in herb cultivation.[2] Awards[edit]. The company has won several awards:[9] ... Ricola first started to advertise its products on television in the 1980s, an era that saw increased awareness of the need for ... insecticides or herbicides.[1][2] The head office of Ricola is located in Laufen, Basel-Country.[3] ...
The highest body burdens were found in Western Europe in the 1970s and early 1980s,[2][47][48] and the trends have been similar ... Handling and spraying of chlorophenoxy acid herbicides may also cause quite high exposures, as clearly demonstrated by the ... Both in Europe[56] and in U.S.A.,[57] the emissions have decreased dramatically since the 1980s, by even 90%. This has also led ... There have been several TEF versions since the 1980s. The most recent re-assessment was by an expert group of the World Health ...
There are process and product guidelines in Europe that date to the early 1980s (Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland) and ... Herbicide. *Index of pesticide articles. *List of fungicides. *Pesticide. *Plant disease forecasting ...
Originally, in the 1960s through the 1980s, the organic food industry was composed of mainly small, independent farmers, ... Herbicide. *Biopesticide. *Organic food culture. References[edit]. Citations and notes[edit]. *^ "EPA Definition of certified ...
... but did result in a slightly greater amount of herbicides used for soy specifically. The use of GE soy was also associated with ... began studying this capability at the Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research at Cornell University in the mid-1980s. He ... introduced glyphosate-tolerant soybeans that have been genetically modified to be resistant to Monsanto's glyphosate herbicides ...
Several theories about the destruction of ozone were hypothesized in the 1980s, published in the late 1990s, and are currently ... Prior to the 1980s, the EU, NASA, NAS, UNEP, WMO and the British government had dissenting scientific reports and Watson played ...
Herbicides are marketed primarily for field crops and orchards.[85] Liberty brands containing glufosinate (a.k.a. Liberty or ... Litigation in the 1980s ended inconclusively. A review of the matter by the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency ... Bayer produces various fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, and some crop varieties.[79] *Fungicides are primarily marketed ... A Bayer spokesperson said that the largest investments will be made to expand the production of its herbicide Liberty. Liberty ...
New effective herbicides as well as increased development of formerly rural areas has greatly reduced kudzu in the metro area ( ... with the major exception of heat pumps in apartments built during and since the 1980s. This is because winters are mild, and ...
Glyphosate is an herbicide which kills all plants except those with genetic tolerance. This genetic tolerance is very rarely ... The program began in the 1980s. Hybrid seeds are distributed in Africa by the Drought Tolerant Maize for Africa project.[57] ... Weeds are controlled through the use of herbicides, and no cultivation tillage is done during the growing season. This ... Herbicide-tolerant maize varieties were grown in Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, El Salvador, the ...
Green Revolution techniques also heavily rely on chemical fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides, many of which are petroleum ... or the Ethiopian Famine in the early 1980s.[71] Three factors stand out as common in such cases, and these three factors act as ...
Herbicide-tolerant crops are used by farmers worldwide.[143] With the increasing use of herbicide-tolerant crops, comes an ... The vast majority of this energy input comes from fossil fuel sources.[193] Between the 1960s and the 1980s, the Green ... Herbicide-resistant seed has a gene implanted into its genome that allows the plants to tolerate exposure to herbicides, ... "Benefits and risks of the use of herbicide-resistant crops". Weed Management for Developing Countries. FAO. Archived from the ...
From the 1950s to the 1980s, the Soviet Union was the world's largest producer of hemp (3,000 square kilometres (1,200 sq mi) ... Hemp is also claimed to require few pesticides and no herbicides, and it has been called a carbon negative raw material.[78][79 ... Using hemp this way can help farmers avoid the use of herbicides, gain organic certification, and gain the benefits of crop ... and hemp doesn't need pesticides or herbicides.[44] ...
In the 1980s, David Dolphin, Julia Levy and colleagues developed a novel photosensitizer, verteporfin.[39][40] Verteporfin, a ... including herbicides and insecticides.[citation needed] ...
Herbicide-tolerant crops are used by farmers worldwide.[90] With the increasing use of herbicide-tolerant crops, comes an ... In the 1980s, it was clear that non-subsidized farmers in developing countries were experiencing adverse effects from national ... Herbicide-resistant seed has a gene implanted into its genome that allows the plants to tolerate exposure to herbicides, ... "Benefits and risks of the use of herbicide-resistant crops". Weed Management for Developing Countries. FAO. Retrieved 4 May ...
Chemical production includes everything from herbicides, pesticides and fertilizers to domestic chemicals and hazardous ... Both trends started in the 1980s. The concept of Circular flow land use management has also been introduced in Europe to ... ", "support", or "endure".[15][16] Since the 1980s sustainability has been used more in the sense of human sustainability on ...
In the 1980s, Robert Hart coined the term "forest gardening" after adapting the principles and applying them to temperate ... Robert Hart adapted forest gardening for the United Kingdom's temperate climate during the 1980s.[1] His theories were later ... Herbicide. *Index of pesticide articles. *List of fungicides. *Pesticide. *Plant disease forecasting ...
Herbicides are generally classified as follows: *Contact herbicides destroy only plant tissue that contacts the herbicide. ... In the mid-1980s, a few farmers hitched covered trailers, called "chaff carts", behind their combines to catch the chaff and ... Glyphosate is currently the most used systemic herbicide.. *Soil-borne herbicides are applied to the soil and are taken up by ... Australian farmers lost four classes of herbicides in only a few years. As of 2013 only two herbicide classes, called ...
During the 1980s, Professors Allen Hermann and Zhengzhi Sheng of the Department of Physics were in the vanguard of research in ... The work provided a model used worldwide to develop biological herbicides. Leadership in this area helped the U of A obtain ... the first biological herbicide for weed control in a field crop. Other UA scientists and students worked on the project that ...
Other innovations include a solar powered machine that identifies weeds and precisely kills them with a dose of herbicide or ... The concept of precision agriculture first emerged in the United States in the early 1980s. In 1985, researchers at the ... Towards the end of the 1980s, this technique was used to derive the first input recommendation maps for fertilizers and pH ...
Such methods may also support sustainable weed management in that the development of herbicide-resistant weeds is reduced.[40] ... The term became popular in the late 1980s.[5] ...
Lack of herbicides and pesticides improve biodiversity fitness and population density.[195] Many weed species attract ... In the 1980s, governments began to produce organic production guidelines. In the 1990s, a trend toward legislated standards ... At this time, however, organic herbicides and bioherbicides play a minor role in the organic weed control toolbox.[46] ... while experiencing reduced intake of herbicides and pesticides.[194] Increased biodiversity, especially from beneficial soil ...
In agriculture, the ability of synthetic auxins 2,4-D, 2,4,5-T, and MCPA to act as hormone herbicides was discovered ... won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for their independent discovery in the 1980s of ribozymes - for the "discovery of catalytic ... Troyer, James (2001). "In the beginning: the multiple discovery of the first hormone herbicides". Weed Science. 49 (2): 290-297 ...
... which were being used to eradicate cannabis crops by spraying the herbicide paraquat.[6] Stroup argued that these crops could ... 40 million funding the cause since the 1980s.[103] During the November 2012 election, he spent almost $3 million helping secure ...
since the 1980s that glyphosate causes. The use of historical rather than concurrent malformations in experimental animals at ... potential of the herbicide glyphosate-Roundup in Wistar rats.. Toxicol Lett 142(1-2): 48. 188. Herbicide Resistance Action ... Glyphosate herbicides is reason enough to require that glyphosate. contain adjuvants (added ingredients) which are herbicides ... However, independent studies with tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate. show that glyphosate herbicides are endocrine ...
These enzymes often protect against a range of different herbicides. In the 1980s, two weeds were found to be resistant to ... The mechanisms range from changes in leaf shape or waxiness to reduce herbicide uptake, to mutations that prevent herbicides ... "Herbicide resistance is a fantastic example of evolution in response to human-induced selection pressure," says Stephen Powles ... In Australia, one kind of ryegrass weed, Lolium rigidum biotype VLR69, is immune to at least nine herbicides thanks to six ...
He began selling phenoxy herbicides to professional spray applicators in regional Victoria. Between the mid 1980s and early ... The company is a manufacturer of phenoxies, a class of herbicides that controls and eradicates broadleaved weeds. These ...
NON-SELECTIVE HERBICIDE. Glyphosate is whats known as a non-selective herbicide, meaning it kills most plants. Discovered by ... The safety of the chemical has been under scientific and regulatory scrutiny since the 1980s. The U.S. Environmental Protection ... He said updated AHS data and analyses on herbicides "should be published as soon as possible" to allow "a more complete ... Tarone said the absence of herbicide data in the published 2014 paper was "inexplicable," noting that volume of data had not ...
23 BAYER patents are in relation to resistances against herbicides. The patents on glufosinate are partially from the 1980s and ... Increasing use of herbicides. MONSANTO is the biggest supplier of genetically modified seeds in the world - by a long way. The ... Since the 1980s the corporation has been carrying out research with genetically modified plants. In 2001 it rose to the top ... The US company is also way ahead with the sale of herbicides: 95 percent of GMO soy and 75 percent of GMO plants, such as maize ...
And herbicide, and fungicides. If big ag was smart, theyd use that 8.7 million acres to meet that federal mandate of 9 million ... Tens of billions since the 1980s when this all started. About 40 percent of the corn raised in the US goes into ethanol ... Next articleCATCH THE BUZZ - Old Herbicides Used Because The New Ones Dont Work. Bad News. ...
... answered questions from the Waitsfield Select Board and members of the public about herbicide use in the power line rights of ... There were times in the 1980s and 90s where we did large-scale spraying. Now we use low amounts of herbicides. We go through ... "Does the town get a list of the herbicides that are used?" asked town resident Ron Jacobs. The herbicides are listed in the ... Those present were told that the herbicide is applied in droplets to foliage and that it contains a surfactant which sets it ...
Genetic engineering has been used since the 1980s to make GMOs. A GMO is an organism whose genetic make-up has been ... Genetically modified (GM) crops resistant to herbicides and to pests have been produced in this manner. ...
POEA was recognized as a common inert ingredient in herbicides in the 1980s, when researchers linked it to a group of ... Weed-Whacking Herbicide Proves Deadly to Human Cells. Used in gardens, farms, and parks around the world, the weed killer ... Since specific herbicide formulations are protected as trade secrets, manufacturers arent required to publicly disclose them. ... "The authorizations for using these Roundup herbicides must now clearly be revised since their toxic effects depend on, and are ...
ICI Plant Protection had its international headquarters at the site in the 1970s and 1980s. In 1986 a new international ... In April 1990, the site won a Queens Award for Technological Achievement for herbicides, fungicides and pesticides. It became ...
Operations in the 1970s and 1980s consisted of storing, mixing, and delivering pesticides and herbicides. For years since, ... toxic chemicals including pesticides and herbicides have been leaking into soil and groundwater, the primary source of drinking ...
Herbicide has become a crucial tool for the states $13 billion timber industry. But in spite of precautions, lab results ... gave up nearly all herbicide use in the Northwest back in the 1980s. (Herbicides are severely limited today and never involve ... Herbicide has become a crucial tool for the states $13 billion timber industry. But in spite of precautions, lab results ... Herbicide sprayed on cut forestland is supposed to stay on company land. But a growing number of Oregonians suspect chemicals ...
Risk was not elevated for respondents who applied the herbicides themselves and not for those exposed during the 1970s, 1980s, ... Pearce N. Phenoxy herbicides and non-Hodgkins lymphoma in New Zealand: frequency and duration of herbicide use. Br J Ind Med ... Residential Herbicide Use and Risk of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma. Patricia Hartge, Joanne S. Colt, Richard K. Severson, James R. ... Residential Herbicide Use and Risk of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma. Patricia Hartge, Joanne S. Colt, Richard K. Severson, James R. ...
Herbicide-resistant canola was developed.. 1983 - The Western Grain Transportation Act (WGTA) was passed and replaced the Crow ... Since the late 1980s, a growing number of the CWB s critics have been asking for more transparency in CWB dealings and for ... 1980s - Export subsidies allowed Europe to become a major competitor on the world grain market. ... The need to revise the pesticide system became evident throughout the 1980s when, in successive policies, the federal ...
... give their approval to a new herbicide called Enlist Duo and to corn and soybean seeds genetically engineered (GE ... Studies done in the 1980s and 90s of 2,4D used in combination with another pesticide found links to adverse reproductive ... New herbicide and GE seeds: EPA and USDA poised to approve herbicide with insufficiently unexamined cumulative and long-term ... New herbicide and GE seeds: EPA and USDA poised to approve herbicide with insufficiently unexamined cumulative and long-term ...
... science supporting Enlist Duo consists solely of unpublished toxicology studies done by the herbicide manufacturer in the 1980s ... The authors recount how genetically engineered (GE) herbicide-resistant crops have led to a dramatic increase in herbicide ... Assessing effects of herbicides applied to GE crops. *Respecting the wishes of consumers who want to know how their food was ... Herbicide application also increased nitrate concentrations in the soil by 1,592 percent, and phosphate concentrations by 127 ...
... herbicides in the world. It has been used across Sri Lanka since the 1980s, including in areas with hard water, with no ... If glyphosate is banned, there are no equally effective and less toxic herbicides to replace it. One should be cautious that ... In the past, before herbicides came into use in tea plantations, weeds were controlled manually by scraping weeds with ... Worldwide, glyphosate (N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine) is the most commonly used herbicide (a weed killer). To date, no scientific ...
The science consisted solely of toxicologic studies commissioned by the herbicide manufacturers in the 1980s and 1990s and ... But widespread adoption of herbicide-resistant crops has led to overreliance on herbicides and, in particular, on glyphosate.5 ... a new combination herbicide comprising glyphosate plus 2,4-D. Enlist Duo was formulated to combat herbicide resistance. It will ... Herbicide resistance is the main characteristic that the biotechnology industry has chosen to introduce into plants. Corn and ...
Since early in the 1980s, fetal, porcine, carotid or retinal tissues have been used in cell transplants, in which dissociated ... the herbicide paraquat and the fungicide maneb.[131] Models based on toxins are most commonly used in primates. Transgenic ... The appearance of parkinsonism in a group of drug addicts in the early 1980s who consumed a contaminated batch of the synthetic ... By the late 1980s deep brain stimulation introduced by Alim Louis Benabid and colleagues at Grenoble, France, emerged as a ...
Roundup is the worlds most popular herbicide. Roundup is a type of weed killer & pesticide that has been sold since the 1970s ... He alleges that he regularly used Monsantos Roundup since the 1980s to control poison oak and weeds on his property. He also ... Roundup is the worlds most popular herbicide. An herbicide is a type of weed killer and pesticide that has been sold since the ... Roundup herbicide is made by the Monsanto Company and is used on crops, such as corn and soybeans. These crops are often ...
The herbicide] 2,4-D was even left off of 1980s class-action lawsuits related to Agent Orange," he adds. Hamlin also stresses ... Herbicide-tolerant Corn Subject of Regulation Debate. Dow wants regulations lifted for its herbicide-tolerant corn, but ... "the herbicide treadmill." "Weve seen the growing resistance of weeds in this country to herbicides in general and glyphosate ... The herbicide 2,4-D has a troubled history due to its use as one-half of Agent Orange, a defoliant used by the U.S. military ...
Some benefits may accrue from localized herbicide treatments. Precision agriculture may also lead to increases in input use, ... whereas interest in low-volume irrigation in California became widespread only during the drought of the late 1980s. Taken ... herbicides that do not come into contact with weeds, etc.). The inputs that contribute to pollution are thus wasted from a pro ... thuringiensis or herbicide tolerance in potential pest problem areas. Apart from empirical studies, it is possible to envision ...
Owen, M. D. K. and I. A. Zelaya (2005). "Herbicide-Resistant Crops and Weed Resistance to Herbicides," Pest Management Science ... In the 1980s Monsanto scientists discovered a mutant strain of a soil bacterium (Agrobacterium spp. strain CP4) that was not ... 2007)? Can the increased use of the herbicide glyphosate, which is sprayed on herbicide-resistant crops, have its own nontarget ... For example, the plant may be meant to become herbicide- or pest-resistant, to grow more quickly, to form compound instead of ...
Their concern about soil erosion got trumped by an aversion to synthetic-chemical herbicides. But in the 1980s, a push for ... Monsantos release of glyphosate in 1974 under the brand name RoundUp made the herbicide a standard for no-till farming. ... with new herbicides hitting the market and the development of seed drilling implements, no-till farming experienced a surge in ...
In the first 13 years, American farmers sprayed an additional 383 million pounds of herbicide due to these herbicide-tolerant ... Industry (including Monsanto) has known since the 1980s that glyphosate causes malformations in experimental animals at high ... Residues of Monsantos Roundup herbicide found in GM food and feed have also been linked to cell damage and even death, even at ... Adding to the risks of GE crops is Monsantos Roundup, the worlds best-selling herbicide that is made to be partnered with GE ...
The herbicide 2,4,5-T was applied to gorse and other scrub until the late 1980s. Its withdrawal followed public concern over ... Herbicide resistance. Weeds can become resistant to chemical herbicides. This occurs when a small number of individual plants ... The most dramatic changes in herbicide use came after the Second World War, when the phenoxy herbicides 2,4-D and MCPA were ... Newer herbicides. Many new products were developed in the 1960s and 1970s. Among them was Roundup, or glyphosate, probably the ...
But by the 1980s, "people began to use herbicide and pesticide, and the forest was cut. There was a huge change in the ...
... and carbamate insecticides in the 1970s and into the 1980s [3]. As OP and carbamate efficacy slipped because of the spread of ... Herbicide residues in food were rarely a concern in the past, because most herbicides were applied either before a crop had ... A growing portion of water resources in heavily farmed areas in the U.S. has one to six herbicides and/or herbicide metabolites ... Herbicides in the Midwest Project. Childrens Environ Health Network 2018: http://cehn-healthykids.org/herbicide-use/herbicide- ...
POEA was recognized as a common inert ingredient in herbicides in the 1980s, when researchers linked it to a group of ... It is added to Roundup and other herbicides to help them penetrate plants surfaces, making the weed killer more effective. ... Since specific herbicide formulations are protected as trade secrets, manufacturers arent required to publicly disclose them. ... The authorizations for using these Roundup herbicides must now clearly be revised since their toxic effects depend on, and are ...
"Callisto herbicide is new, but its rooted in unique chemistry discovered as a part of a project focused on the development of ... In the 1980s an astute Syngenta researcher noticed that certain weeds didnt appear to grow underneath the Callistemon plant, ... "The secret is out: brand image for Callisto Herbicide has long roots. (Best of show: advertising)." Agri Marketing. Henderson ... "The secret is out: brand image for Callisto Herbicide has long roots. (Best of show: advertising)." Agri Marketing. 2002. ...
  • The US company is also way ahead with the sale of herbicides: 95 percent of GMO soy and 75 percent of GMO plants, such as maize or cotton, are resistant to the pesticide glyphosate (trade name: ROUNDUP) developed by MONSANTO. (cbgnetwork.org)
  • The authorizations for using these Roundup herbicides must now clearly be revised since their toxic effects depend on, and are multiplied by, other compounds used in the mixtures," Seralini's team wrote. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Adding to the risks of GE crops is Monsanto's Roundup, the world's best-selling herbicide that is made to be partnered with GE Roundup Ready crops. (mercola.com)
  • Monsanto also makes the leading brand of herbicide, Roundup, and has developed genetically engineered seeds for crops to resist Roundup. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Enlist Duo and the corn and soybean seed engineered to tolerate it - both produced by Dow AgroSciences - were developed in response to the explosion of herbicide resistant weeds that has resulted from the past 15 to 20 years' rapid expansion in use of glyphosate (the active ingredient of the herbicide sold as Roundup ), now the country's most commonly used herbicide . (scienceblogs.com)
  • We are concerned by the Sri Lankan government's apparent contemplation of banning the broad-spectrum herbicide glyphosate, commonly known as Roundup, on the presumption that it is causing chronic kidney disease of uncertain aetiology (CKDue/uo). (island.lk)
  • Roundup is the world's most popular herbicide. (yourlawyer.com)
  • Roundup herbicide is made by the Monsanto Company and is used on crops, such as corn and soybeans. (yourlawyer.com)
  • Roundup herbicide exposure may happen to crop workers, applicators who spray Roundup, workers exposed to benches and other woods at large home improvement stores, people who work in smaller nurseries, and people who work at farm stands. (yourlawyer.com)
  • He alleges that he regularly used Monsanto's Roundup since the 1980s to control poison oak and weeds on his property. (yourlawyer.com)
  • We've seen the growing resistance of weeds in this country to herbicides in general and glyphosate in particular," he says, referring to the formulation best known by its Monsanto trade name, Roundup. (hobbyfarms.com)
  • The History of Roundup Ready Crops covers only the history of Roundup Ready Crops , genetically engineered crops that have had their DNA altered to allow them to withstand the herbicide glyphosate (the active ingredient of Monsanto 's herbicide Roundup ). (sourcewatch.org)
  • The company, he said, had found some bacteria that appeared to survive in the presence of Roundup , Monsanto's new herbicide. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Plants that could similarly tolerate doses of Roundup could open up vast new markets for the herbicide. (sourcewatch.org)
  • 1) the biosynthesis within GE plants and in vivo delivery of Bacillus thuringiensis ( Bt ) toxins in GE corn and cotton (so-called Bt -transgenic crops), and (2) transgenic crops able to survive post-emergent applications of the broad-spectrum herbicide glyphosate, aka Roundup, in the process controlling all, or nearly all, weeds growing in a field, while leaving agronomic crops largely unharmed. (springer.com)
  • A high-clearance sprayer applies Roundup herbicide on glyphosate-resistant marestail in a Mississippi no-till cotton field. (motherearthnews.com)
  • Monsanto's Roundup Ready crops are engineered to be herbicide tolerant, specifically when sprayed with Roundup. (motherearthnews.com)
  • Only two years ago did I realize that the problem lies not with genetic engineering technology itself, but with the herbicide that's sprayed on all Roundup Ready crops. (motherearthnews.com)
  • Roundup is the herbicide in question, and its active ingredient is glyphosate. (motherearthnews.com)
  • The story with the agricultural giant's Roundup weed killer began in the 1980s when tests on its primary ingredient, glyphosate, began to show cellular changes in laboratory animals that should have been considered early signals that the product could cause cancer. (12160.info)
  • In the 1980s we were told by the EPA that Roundup causes cancer, then in the 1990s they said it didn't. (12160.info)
  • In 2013, the most recent year for which data are available, 99.4 percent of Christmas tree acreage was treated with the herbicide glyphosate (Roundup), and 48.4 percent was treated with the insecticide bifenthrin (Talstar, Sniper). (mountainx.com)
  • This year the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which licenses and regulates Roundup and the seven hundred fifty other products containing glyphosate (and the many adjuvants and surfactants added to it), must decide whether the herbicide is safe for prenatal, infant, child and adult consumption in food crops and products-and the agency is stalling. (westonaprice.org)
  • In 2010, after a dramatic increase in reports of birth defects in Argentina (a four fold increase) since 2002, a lab study was performed that found low doses of the active ingredient in Roundup known as glyphosate, the most prevalent herbicide worldwide, causes birth defects in frog and chicken embryos. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • stating, "The pesticide industry and EU regulators knew as long ago as the 1980s-1990s that Roundup, the world's best selling herbicide, causes birth defects - but they failed to inform the public. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • This could be why the "RoundUp-ready" corn and soybeans that Monsanto has engineered to be used with the herbicide have failed to deliver promised yields. (panna.org)
  • Gustavo Grobocopatel, who farms 200,000 acres of soybeans in Argentina (an area the size of New York City), prefers to plant Monsanto's GM herbicide-tolerant variety (Roundup Ready) for the sake of simplified weed control, even though he obtains consistently higher yields with conventional soybeans. (councilforresponsiblegenetics.org)
  • Hardeman began using the Roundup brand herbicide with glyphosate in the 1980s to control poison oak and weeds on his property and sprayed "large volumes" of the chemical for many years on a regular basis, according to court documents. (blackchristiannews.com)
  • It controlled most of the genetically engineered seed technology on the market and sold the top selling global herbicide formulation called Roundup (glyphosate). (cban.ca)
  • In the 1980s, Monsanto began to transform itself from a chemical company into a seed company buy acquiring several other small and large seed companies, and investing a large amount of money into genetic engineering for seeds, in particular into developing herbicide-tolerant crops that were paired with its own glyphosate-based herbicide, Roundup. (cban.ca)
  • Glyphosate is the active ingredient in many herbicides sold across the world, including Monsanto's formulation brand "Roundup" which is twinned with its GM Roundup Ready crops. (cban.ca)
  • In Spain, monocropping of olive groves began in the late 1980s when the Common Agricultural Process came into effect. (oliveoiltimes.com)
  • While the global warming hoax began in the late 1980s, Solomon noted that, in the 1960s and 1970s, the scientific consensus was that the Earth "was entering a period of global cooling. (blogspot.com)
  • Since the late 1980s alachlor use has been declining. (cdc.gov)
  • The Park staff has been successfully controlling horehound since the late 1980s. (nps.gov)
  • Owen acknowledges that the industry needed to change when he began working with Christmas tree growers in the late 1980s. (mountainx.com)
  • Many villagers have protested against plantation schemes by destroying nurseries and forest equipment in the late 1980s and early 1990s (Anon, 1989, Puntasen et al . (fao.org)
  • Many weeds have developed resistance to more than one herbicide. (newscientist.com)
  • In the 1980s, two weeds were found to be resistant to weedkillers that had never been used in the field. (newscientist.com)
  • In other words, says Powles, weeds can evolve resistance to herbicides that have not even been developed yet. (newscientist.com)
  • The company is a manufacturer of phenoxies, a class of herbicides that controls and eradicates broadleaved weeds. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bottom line is essentially that as weeds develop resistance, the more herbicide is needed to control them. (scienceblogs.com)
  • The authors recount how genetically engineered (GE) herbicide-resistant crops have led to a dramatic increase in herbicide application due to mounting resistance among weeds. (mercola.com)
  • Current weed management programs primarily target weeds as they emerge from the seed bank (preemergence herbicides) or as they develop from seedlings (postemergence herbicides). (iastate.edu)
  • The interest in HWSC has been driven by Australia's struggle with herbicide resistant weeds. (iastate.edu)
  • Western Australia is recognized as the herbicide resistant weed capital of the world due to the widespread occurrence of multiple resistant weeds. (iastate.edu)
  • The serendipitous finding that the Callistemon plant secretes a chemical that inhibits certain broadleaf weeds is the root of Callisto herbicide. (highbeam.com)
  • In the 1980s an astute Syngenta researcher noticed that certain weeds didn't appear to grow underneath the Callistemon plant, but they were prevalent beyond the bush's arc. (highbeam.com)
  • Alachlor is a chloroacetanilide type herbicide with restricted usage for preemergent control of grasses and broadleaf weeds on agricultural cropland, including corn, soybeans, peanuts and other crops, and on non-crop land for general weed control. (cdc.gov)
  • The triazine herbicides (atrazine, simazine, and cyanazine) are the most commonly used herbicides in the United States and are used extensively in corn, citrus, nuts, sugarcane, sorghum, and cotton cultivation to control broadleaf weeds. (bmj.com)
  • Instead of killing weeds, chemical mowing uses lower levels of herbicides to stunt their growth, preventing them from outcompeting the valuable Christmas trees. (mountainx.com)
  • Regular spraying of these channels and drains with herbicides as a means of controlling aquatic weeds, including natural vegetation, has occurred since the 1950s. (foe.org.au)
  • Back in the 1980s when I was a young graduate student in ecology, it was the "safe" herbicide of choice for clearing weeds from study plots. (panna.org)
  • Determined to find a more progressive, environmentally sound solution, SRP launched an innovative experiment in the mid 1980s - one that involved the use of white amur fish to clear the canals of weeds. (srpnet.com)
  • Herbicide-tolerant crops are engineered to withstand direct application of an herbicide to more conveniently kill nearby weeds. (councilforresponsiblegenetics.org)
  • Maize monocultures had created compaction and erosion, while herbicides gave birth to resistant weeds. (livablefutureblog.com)
  • Genetically modified (GM) crops resistant to herbicides and to pests have been produced in this manner. (irishtimes.com)
  • First, there have been sharp increases in the amounts and numbers of chemical herbicides applied to GM crops, and still further increases - the largest in a generation - are scheduled to occur in the next few years. (mercola.com)
  • Second, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has classified glyphosate, the herbicide most widely used on GM crops, as a 'probable human carcinogen' and classified a second herbicide, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), as a 'possible human carcinogen. (mercola.com)
  • Farmers can spray herbicide both before and during the growing season, leaving their crops unharmed. (organicconsumers.org)
  • But widespread adoption of herbicide-resistant crops has led to overreliance on herbicides and, in particular, on glyphosate. (organicconsumers.org)
  • The first of the two developments that raise fresh concerns about the safety of GM crops is a 2014 decision by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to approve Enlist Duo, a new combination herbicide comprising glyphosate plus 2,4-D. Enlist Duo was formulated to combat herbicide resistance. (organicconsumers.org)
  • This is a boon for diversified operations, he explains, because it decreases the likelihood of "particularly susceptible crops," such as grapes and cotton, from coming into contact with the herbicide. (hobbyfarms.com)
  • The herbicide 2,4-D has a troubled history due to its use as one-half of Agent Orange, a defoliant used by the U.S. military during the Vietnam War to strip jungle vegetation and wipe out field and food crops. (hobbyfarms.com)
  • 2,4-D and other crops engineered for herbicide resistance don't just present threats to personal and environmental health, Fantle says. (hobbyfarms.com)
  • In the mid-1980s, scientists figured out how to embed the genes of toxic insecticides and herbicides into the most popular U.S. crops, namely corn and soy. (naturalnews.com)
  • [1] The US military used "more than 20 million gallons of herbicides , were sprayed by the US to defoliate forests, clear growth along the borders of military sites and eliminate enemy crops. (wikipedia.org)
  • The area is home to dozens of farmers markets, health food stores and farm-to-table restaurants, each promoting a commitment to crops raised without synthetic pesticides, herbicides or fertilizers. (mountainx.com)
  • Paraquat was used in Mexico and the United States to destroy marijuana crops during the 1970s and 1980s in U.S. government-sponsored programs. (sandiegouniontribune.com)
  • In fact, commercialized GM crops incorporate just two "traits" - herbicide tolerance and/or insect resistance. (councilforresponsiblegenetics.org)
  • Crops with herbicide tolerance predominate, occupying 82% of global biotech crop acreage in 2007. (councilforresponsiblegenetics.org)
  • Herbicide-tolerant crops (mainly soybeans) are popular with larger growers because they simplify and reduce labor needs for weed control. (councilforresponsiblegenetics.org)
  • Operations in the 1970s and 1980s consisted of storing, mixing, and delivering pesticides and herbicides. (eponline.com)
  • For years since, toxic chemicals including pesticides and herbicides have been leaking into soil and groundwater, the primary source of drinking water in the area. (eponline.com)
  • Scientists say the butterflies are at critically low levels in the Western United States due to the destruction of their milkweed habitat along their migratory route as housing expands into their territory and use of pesticides and herbicides increases. (nypost.com)
  • OH TANNENBAUM: While growers say the 10-year process of nurturing a conifer from seedling to full-grown Christmas tree requires the application of synthetic pesticides and herbicides, the total amount of such products used in North Carolina's Christmas tree industry has decreased almost 75 percent over the past dozen years, according to agents with the N.C. Cooperative Extension. (mountainx.com)
  • These neurons were dosed with the pesticides and herbicides. (sandiegouniontribune.com)
  • From the 1960s through the 1980s, international initiatives referred to collectively as the Green Revolution dramatically increased food production, largely by breeding crop varieties that were able to take advantage of man-made fertilizer and developing powerful pesticides and herbicides. (theconversation.com)
  • ICI Plant Protection had its international headquarters at the site in the 1970s and 1980s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk was not elevated for respondents who applied the herbicides themselves and not for those exposed during the 1970s, 1980s, or 1990s. (aacrjournals.org)
  • An herbicide is a type of weed killer and pesticide that has been sold since the 1970s. (yourlawyer.com)
  • The 1970s and 1980s saw the move from mechanical weed control and burning to chemical control of weedy vegetation to restore forests. (lsuagcenter.com)
  • For many of us who grew up during the exuberant beginnings of the environmental movement of the 1970s and 1980s, that outcome was almost beyond belief. (slate.com)
  • Although Monsanto is the largest manufacturer of glyphosate-based herbicides, several other manufacturers sell similar herbicides with different inert ingredients. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Monsanto, which became a unit of Bayer AG in June, has spent decades convincing consumers, farmers, politicians and regulators to ignore mounting evidence linking its glyphosate-based herbicides to cancer and other health problems. (investmentwatchblog.com)
  • Similar defects were also found in woman from Paraguay exposed to glyphosate-based herbicides during pregnancy. (cban.ca)
  • The science consisted solely of toxicologic studies commissioned by the herbicide manufacturers in the 1980s and 1990s and never published, not an uncommon practice in U.S. pesticide regulation. (organicconsumers.org)
  • This is what you've seen over the decades - in the 1980s, in the 1990s again and again. (12160.info)
  • Then with the advancement of GMO technology in the 1980s and 1990s (again with considerable help from the Rockefellers and other oiligarchical interests), new opportunities for consolidation presented themselves. (theinternationalforecaster.com)
  • The science consisted solely of toxicologic studies commissioned by the herbicide manufacturers in the 1980s and 1990s and never published, not an uncommon practice in U.S. pesticide regulation," say Philip J. Landrigan, MD, and Charles Benbrook, PhD in their New England Journal of Medicine report "GMOs, Herbicides, and Public Health. (westonaprice.org)
  • Genetic engineering has been used since the 1980s to make GMOs. (irishtimes.com)
  • Next-generation GMOs are designed to be resistant to combinations of herbicides. (mercola.com)
  • In a stunning blow to one of the world's largest seed and chemical companies, jurors in San Francisco have told Monsanto it must pay $289m in damages to a man dying of cancer which he claims was caused by exposure to its herbicides. (investmentwatchblog.com)
  • It is springtime and farmers are applying millions of pounds of the world's most common herbicide to the agricultural land in the United States. (westonaprice.org)
  • The federal regulatory agencies (EPA, USDA, FDA) that establish food safety regulations claim the world's most commonly used herbicide is as safe as table salt if used according to the directions. (westonaprice.org)
  • If the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Agriculture (USDA) give their approval to a new herbicide called Enlist Duo and to corn and soybean seeds genetically engineered (GE) to resist that chemical, the United States could see a significant increase in what is already one of the country's most widely used herbicides. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Enlist Duo would combine glyphosate with what's called a choline salt of the herbicide 2,4 D - the United States' third most widely used herbicide. (scienceblogs.com)
  • The EPA explains that Enlist Duo is designed to "reduce volatility and off-site movement of the herbicide compared to other forms of 2,4-D." Proposed conditions of the registration would require 30-foot buffers, and the product's label instructions would specify that the herbicide not be used when winds are over 15 miles per hour. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Benbrook and Landrigan note that the science supporting Enlist Duo consists solely of unpublished toxicology studies done by the herbicide manufacturer in the 1980s and '90s. (mercola.com)
  • And herbicide, and fungicides. (beeculture.com)
  • In April 1990, the site won a Queen's Award for Technological Achievement for herbicides, fungicides and pesticides. (wikipedia.org)
  • And just to clarify, the term "pesticides, as the agency explains on its " About Pesticides " page, is used to include herbicides as well as fungicides and other substances used to control pests. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Brazilian regulators warn that the government hasn't been able to ensure the safe use of agrotóxicos, as herbicides, insecticides and fungicides are known in Portuguese. (reuters.com)
  • Ten years later, a plant nursery in the US that had been regularly using the pesticides reported that they were no longer effective against a plant called common groundsel - the first confirmed case of herbicide resistance . (newscientist.com)
  • Herbicide resistance is a fantastic example of evolution in response to human-induced selection pressure," says Stephen Powles of the University of Western Australia in Perth, who studies the problem. (newscientist.com)
  • Strategies such as alternating the type of herbicide used can slow the evolution of resistance, but it is not foolproof. (newscientist.com)
  • In Australia, one kind of ryegrass weed, Lolium rigidum biotype VLR69, is immune to at least nine herbicides thanks to six separate resistance mechanisms. (newscientist.com)
  • In Saskatchewan this weed first evolved resistance to Group B/2 herbicides in 2005 and infests Spring Barley, and Wheat. (weedscience.org)
  • The Herbicide Resistance Action Committee, The Weed Science Society of America, and weed scientists in Saskatchewan have been instrumental in providing you this information. (weedscience.org)
  • In Belgium this weed first evolved resistance to Group B/2 herbicides in 2013 and infests Wheat. (weedscience.org)
  • While herbicide resistance is not a new issue, the rapid increase in multiple resistant biotypes in waterhemp, giant ragweed, and horseweed (marestail) is limiting herbicidal options. (iastate.edu)
  • While these tools are highly effective, the increase in herbicide resistance raises concern regarding their sustainability. (iastate.edu)
  • Herbicide resistance is the main characteristic that the biotechnology industry has chosen to introduce into plants. (organicconsumers.org)
  • Dow Agrosciences wants its herbicide-resistant corn to be deregulated, despite resistance from sustainable-agriculture and environmental groups. (hobbyfarms.com)
  • In Greece this weed first evolved resistance to Group C1/5 herbicides in 2000 and infests Potatoes. (weedscience.org)
  • To feed them, we will need to almost double food production within just three decades, all in the face of increasing drought, herbicide and pesticide resistance, and in a world where the best cropland is already being farmed . (theconversation.com)
  • Context: Environmental exposure to herbicides has been hypothesized to contribute to the long-term increase in non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). (aacrjournals.org)
  • Ongoing exposure to herbicides and pesticides may put an individual at a slightly increased risk. (longtermcarelink.net)
  • This included the liberal application of insecticides and herbicides without regard to the later consequences of these actions. (oliveoiltimes.com)
  • For example nitrate levels in the Columbia generally tripled in the period from the mid 1960s to the mid 1980s, increasing from a typical level of one to three milligrams per liter. (eol.org)
  • Dow wants regulations lifted for its herbicide-tolerant corn, but sustainable-ag organizations say the product threatens agricultural traditions and personal and environmental health. (hobbyfarms.com)
  • Hamlin also stresses the significant difference between the potency of a defoliant formulated for military use and an herbicide licensed for agricultural purposes, saying that to conflate 2,4-D and Agent Orange is "a little bit like describing sushi as cold, dead fish. (hobbyfarms.com)
  • Considerable loading of herbicides and pesticides also has occurred over the last 70 years, chiefly due to agricultural land conversion and emphasis upon maximizing crop yields. (eol.org)
  • 2 An integral part of the agricultural industry in the Central Valley has been the use of pesticides, particularly triazine herbicides. (bmj.com)
  • Research has shown that these particular biotypes are resistant to thifensulfuron-methyl, and tribenuron-methyl and they may be cross-resistant to other Group B/2 herbicides. (weedscience.org)
  • For example, the plant may be meant to become herbicide- or pest-resistant, to grow more quickly, to form compound instead of simple leaves, or to synthesize new substances. (natureinstitute.org)
  • The majority of Iowa fields have waterhemp resistant to three herbicide groups, and five-way resistant populations have been found. (iastate.edu)
  • There are now multiple herbicide-resistant (HR) traits in GE corn, soybeans, and cotton, and in recent years, corn and cotton have been engineered to express multiple Bt toxins, usually in conjunction with one or two HR traits, via what is called a "stacked" variety of corn or cotton. (springer.com)
  • Worldwide, glyphosate (N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine) is the most commonly used herbicide (a weed killer). (island.lk)
  • Glyphosate may have other toxic effects, but compared with most other commonly used agrochemicals, it is a relatively safe herbicide. (island.lk)
  • Herbicides are commonly used in channels and drains. (foe.org.au)
  • However, the BAYER pesticide glufosinate, chemically related to glyphosate and also supplied in combination with herbicide-tolerant seeds, is just as dangerous. (cbgnetwork.org)
  • One day in the early 1980s, not long after Robb Fraley arrived at Monsanto, he met with two veterans of the company's pesticide business. (sourcewatch.org)
  • To determine if a job exposure matrix (JEM) could be developed using the California Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Usage Database in conjunction with crop, time, and county specific self reported work history and to determine if this was a feasible method to obtain exposure estimates to triazine herbicides. (bmj.com)
  • Christmas tree growers in the state have actually decreased their total pesticide use by nearly 75 percent over the past 12 years, and lower rates of herbicides are now standard practice throughout the industry. (mountainx.com)
  • Glyphosate, Roundup's active ingredient, is the most widely used herbicide in the United States. (scientificamerican.com)
  • What makes these questions particularly pressing is that the new product combines two of the country's three most widely used herbicides. (scienceblogs.com)
  • They were the widely used herbicide paraquat, along with the pesticides maneb and rotenone. (sandiegouniontribune.com)
  • At that time, many farmers relied on the heavy use of herbicides such as atrazine and simazine for weed control, which left the ground underneath their trees bare for up to half of each year. (mountainx.com)
  • Monsanto Company is a leading global supplier of herbicides and seeds. (encyclopedia.com)
  • It will be marketed in tandem with newly approved seeds genetically engineered to resist glyphosate, 2,4-D, and multiple other herbicides. (organicconsumers.org)
  • Seeds used to be sold by seed companies, and fertilizers and herbicides used to be sold by chemical companies. (theinternationalforecaster.com)
  • F or 20 years now, canola has been the wonder crop of the Canadian West: from a cultivated area of 2.5 million hectares in the early 1980s, it had by 2000 expanded to more than five million hectares, mainly in Saskatchewan and Alberta. (gc.ca)
  • He began selling phenoxy herbicides to professional spray applicators in regional Victoria. (wikipedia.org)
  • One reason is that in 2015 the World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) assessed glyphosate and its products as a probable human carcinogenic health risk, and this year the California state government intends to list the herbicide as a carcinogen. (westonaprice.org)
  • A mutation in a brain protein makes people exposed to pesticides and a herbicide more likely to develop Parkinson's disease, according to a study led by San Diego scientists. (sandiegouniontribune.com)
  • While working in crop protection in the 1980s and '90s and learning about Charlie Beck's business model and Silverman's success, John Finegan, CEO of Beck Ag Com Inc., says, "I could see parallels between the pharma/physician world and how that approach to marketing could be successfully applied to farmers and veterinarians," Finegan says. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The corn, which is engineered to resist several grass and broadleaf herbicides, including 2,4-D, would be marketed as part of Dow's Enlist weed-control system. (hobbyfarms.com)
  • The USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service is considering a petition by Dow Agrosciences to deregulate a corn genetically engineered for herbicide tolerance. (hobbyfarms.com)
  • [1] Not only was the vegetation affected, but also the wildlife: "a mid-1980s study by Vietnamese ecologists documented just 24 species of birds and 5 species of mammals present in sprayed forests and converted areas, compared to 145-170 bird species and 30-55 kinds of mammals in intact forest . (wikipedia.org)
  • Former employee Leon Prewer said he began his employment in 1977 at 17 where he mixed herbicide 2,4,5-T and 2,4-D with diesel into a backpack and sprayed vegetation with no protective gear. (northernstar.com.au)
  • In the past, SRP controlled weed growth with costly and labor-intensive methods, such as scraping canal beds with heavy chains to uproot plants, scooping out vegetation with backhoes, or applying herbicides. (srpnet.com)
  • One specific inert ingredient, polyethoxylated tallowamine, or POEA, was more deadly to human embryonic, placental and umbilical cord cells than the herbicide itself - a finding the researchers call "astonishing. (scientificamerican.com)
  • This chapter provides background information on the current population of Vietnam veterans, the military use of herbicides during the Vietnam War, how different groups of veterans were exposed to the herbicides and how that exposure can be characterized, and the determination of risks due to that exposure. (nap.edu)
  • Fields must now be treated with multiple herbicides, including 2,4-D, a component of the Agent Orange defoliant used in the Vietnam War. (organicconsumers.org)
  • see birth control ), of Agent Orange (a herbicide used as a defoliant in the Vietnam War), and of asbestos insulation has involved class action suits. (infoplease.com)
  • GM "SmartStax" corn produces six different insecticidal toxins and is tolerant to two herbicides. (cban.ca)
  • That in turn opened up opportunities to create GMO seed strains that are tailored to work with patented herbicides and fertilizers. (theinternationalforecaster.com)
  • Scientific research confirms that human health is impacted by these herbicides, insecticides, and industrial chemicals. (alexanderlaw.com)
  • TASNETWORKS will provide compensation to two of its workers who fell ill after herbicide exposure, with fears more employees could have been affected by other chemicals. (northernstar.com.au)
  • However, with the introduction of modern herbicides and increases in farm size, these tactics have fallen out of favor. (iastate.edu)
  • Group C1/5 herbicides are known as Photosystem II inhibitors (Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II). (weedscience.org)
  • But like many residents of the region, King was unaware that major timber companies -- Weyerhaeuser, Roseburg Resources, Stimson Lumber, Seneca Jones, and others -- have been spraying millions of pounds of herbicide on their private forestland. (theatlantic.com)
  • Between the mid 1980s and early 2000s, Nufarm was a subsidiary of New Zealand-based Fernz Corporation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, the laboratory data from the 1980s that the EPA used to classify glyphosate as carcinogenic suddenly became unavailable to the public, as Monsanto argued that all the early testing results for this chemical fell under the protection of the trade secret rule. (12160.info)
  • Mr Balcombe said a male employee who tested positive and is undergoing treatment, and the family of another man who had cancer and passed away in the early 1980s had now been offered compensation by TasNetworks. (northernstar.com.au)
  • Testimony and evidence presented at trial showed that the warning signs seen in scientific research dated back to the early 1980s and have only increased over the decades. (investmentwatchblog.com)
  • EARLY SUCCESS IN AG In an early WOM strategy, Ciba-Geigy used peer influence selling teleconference programs to accelerate adoption of Dual[R] herbicide in 1979. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • However, from the early 1980s onwards, the trend has gone slowly towards multi-purpose species, designed for soil improvement, provision of fuelwood and for the wood industry. (fao.org)
  • The plaintiff also claims Monsanto has been aware of Roundup's carcinogenic properties since shortly after its development in 1974 and cited the World Health Organization's (WHO) International Agency for Research on Cancer's (IARC) 2015 study designating glyphosate as an herbicide "probably carcinogenic to humans. (yourlawyer.com)
  • Since the 1980s the corporation has been carrying out research with genetically modified plants. (cbgnetwork.org)
  • By comparison, about 4.5 million monarch butterflies wintered in forested groves along the California coast in the 1980s. (nypost.com)
  • Exposure to pesticides in the general environment increased during the same period, and several studies have linked NHL with occupational use of pesticides, especially herbicides. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Occupational exposure to triazines occurs mainly via dermal absorption and inhalation, particularly in workers engaged in mixing, loading, and application of herbicides. (bmj.com)
  • It was followed by a larger project based on Acacia mangium in the 1980s, to compensate for a decline in supply from natural forests (Ng, 1996). (fao.org)
  • The herbicide] 2,4-D was even left off of 1980s class-action lawsuits related to Agent Orange," he adds. (hobbyfarms.com)
  • They, like thousands of others, are grappling with a chilling prospect: Could Agent Orange, the herbicide linked to health problems in Vietnam veterans, have also harmed their children? (pilotonline.com)
  • In the 1980s, he and his team found a higher rate of post-war birth defects in the children of veterans who handled Agent Orange than in those who didn't, but they later concluded that herbicide exposure was not the cause. (pilotonline.com)
  • Pestle followed up with a question about the impact of the herbicide on wildlife upon whom it might drip. (valleyreporter.com)
  • Desimone brought up an ongoing, 59-year study of the impact of utility rights of way, herbicides and animal habitat, noting that selective use of herbicides improve wildlife habitat by encouraging the growth of low growing plants instead of mowed rights of way. (valleyreporter.com)
  • The loss of effective herbicides for several important weed species, especially annual ryegrass ( Lolium rigidum ) in wheat production, has forced the development of innovative approaches to managing weed seed before they enter the seedbank. (iastate.edu)
  • [1] The uncertain long-term effects of these herbicides are now being discovered by looking at modified species distribution patterns through habitat degradation and loss in wetland systems, which absorbed the runoff from the mainland. (wikipedia.org)
  • Employees at the time came in contact with herbicide 2,4,5-T, a known cancer-causer, and have since been offered medical examinations to test for three major cancers. (northernstar.com.au)
  • All three cancers have been linked to the herbicide. (northernstar.com.au)
  • The mechanisms range from changes in leaf shape or waxiness to reduce herbicide uptake, to mutations that prevent herbicides binding to the proteins they target. (newscientist.com)