Law Enforcement: Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Criminal Law: A branch of law that defines criminal offenses, regulates the apprehension, charging and trial of suspected persons, and fixes the penalties and modes of treatment applicable to convicted offenders.Jurisprudence: The science or philosophy of law. Also, the application of the principles of law and justice to health and medicine.Antitrust Laws: Those federal and state laws, and their enforcement, that protect trade and commerce from unlawful restraints and monopolies or unfair business practices.Legislation, Medical: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.State Government: The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.RestaurantsMinors: A person who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded.Civil Rights: Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from accessed 1/31/2003)Abortion, Legal: Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)Motorcycles: Two-wheeled, engine-driven vehicles.Patient Freedom of Choice Laws: Laws requiring patients under managed care programs to receive services from the physician or other provider of their choice. Any willing provider laws take many different forms, but they typically prohibit managed-care organizations from having a closed panel of physicians, hospitals, or other providers.Judicial Role: The kind of action or activity proper to the judiciary, particularly its responsibility for decision making.Head Protective Devices: Personal devices for protection of heads from impact, penetration from falling and flying objects, and from limited electric shock and burn.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Seat Belts: Restraining belts fastened to the frame of automobiles, aircraft, or other vehicles, and strapped around the person occupying the seat in the car or plane, intended to prevent the person from being thrown forward or out of the vehicle in case of sudden deceleration.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)United StatesAccidents, Traffic: Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.Smoke-Free Policy: Prohibition against tobacco smoking in specific areas to control TOBACCO SMOKE POLLUTION.Liability, Legal: Accountability and responsibility to another, enforceable by civil or criminal sanctions.Euthanasia: The act or practice of killing or allowing death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)Social Control, Formal: Control which is exerted by the more stable organizations of society, such as established institutions and the law. They are ordinarily embodied in definite codes, usually written.Automobile Driving: The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Tobacco Smoke Pollution: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.Patient Rights: Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital's posting of a list of patient rights.Firearms: Small-arms weapons, including handguns, pistols, revolvers, rifles, shotguns, etc.Parental Notification: Reporting to parents or guardians about care to be provided to a minor (MINORS).Licensure: The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.Lawyers: Persons whose profession is to give legal advice and assistance to clients and represent them in legal matters. (American Heritage Dictionary, 3d ed)Ethics, Medical: The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.Mandatory Programs: Programs in which participation is required.Social Control Policies: Decisions for determining and guiding present and future objectives from among alternatives.Police: Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Suicide, Assisted: Provision (by a physician or other health professional, or by a family member or friend) of support and/or means that gives a patient the power to terminate his or her own life. (from APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed).Judaism: The religion of the Jews characterized by belief in one God and in the mission of the Jews to teach the Fatherhood of God as revealed in the Hebrew Scriptures. (Webster, 3d ed)Malpractice: Failure of a professional person, a physician or lawyer, to render proper services through reprehensible ignorance or negligence or through criminal intent, especially when injury or loss follows. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Parental Consent: Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.Physics: The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Drug and Narcotic Control: Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.Legislation, Drug: Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Fractals: Patterns (real or mathematical) which look similar at different scales, for example the network of airways in the lung which shows similar branching patterns at progressively higher magnifications. Natural fractals are self-similar across a finite range of scales while mathematical fractals are the same across an infinite range. Many natural, including biological, structures are fractal (or fractal-like). Fractals are related to "chaos" (see NONLINEAR DYNAMICS) in that chaotic processes can produce fractal structures in nature, and appropriate representations of chaotic processes usually reveal self-similarity over time.Euthanasia, Passive: Failing to prevent death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy by the withdrawal or withholding of life-prolonging treatment.Freedom: The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.Tobacco Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.Patient Advocacy: Promotion and protection of the rights of patients, frequently through a legal process.Legislation, Pharmacy: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of pharmacy, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.Homicide: The killing of one person by another.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Informed Consent: Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Supreme Court Decisions: Decisions made by the United States Supreme Court.Air Pollution, Indoor: The contamination of indoor air.Neuropsychology: A branch of psychology which investigates the correlation between experience or behavior and the basic neurophysiological processes. The term neuropsychology stresses the dominant role of the nervous system. It is a more narrowly defined field than physiological psychology or psychophysiology.Personal Autonomy: Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Abortion, Criminal: Illegal termination of pregnancy.Religion and Medicine: The interrelationship of medicine and religion.Moral Obligations: Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.Public Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.Bioethical Issues: Clusters of topics that fall within the domain of BIOETHICS, the field of study concerned with value questions that arise in biomedicine and health care delivery.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Child Advocacy: Promotion and protection of the rights of children; frequently through a legal process.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.United States Government Agencies: Agencies of the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT of the United States.Mental Competency: The ability to understand the nature and effect of the act in which the individual is engaged. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed).Surrogate Mothers: Women who allow themselves to be impregnated with the understanding that the offspring are to be given over to the parents who have commissioned the surrogate.Insanity Defense: A legal concept that an accused is not criminally responsible if, at the time of committing the act, the person was laboring under such a defect of reason from disease of the mind as not to know the nature and quality of the act done or if the act was known, to not have known that what was done was wrong. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed)Taxes: Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.KentuckyDisclosure: Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.Commitment of Mentally Ill: Legal process required for the institutionalization of a patient with severe mental problems.Infanticide: The killing of infants at birth or soon after.Morals: Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.Women's Rights: The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.Reproductive Rights: Reproductive rights rest on the recognition of the basic right of all couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing and timing of their children and to have the information and means to do so, and the right to attain the highest standard of sexual and reproductive health. They also include the right of all to make decisions concerning reproduction free of discrimination, coercion and violence.Torture: The intentional infliction of physical or mental suffering upon an individual or individuals, including the torture of animals.Lobbying: A process whereby representatives of a particular interest group attempt to influence governmental decision makers to accept the policy desires of the lobbying organization.Defensive Medicine: The alterations of modes of medical practice, induced by the threat of liability, for the principal purposes of forestalling lawsuits by patients as well as providing good legal defense in the event that such lawsuits are instituted.Euthanasia, Active, Voluntary: Active euthanasia of a patient at the patient's request and/or with the patient's consent.Marketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.Physical Phenomena: The entities of matter and energy, and the processes, principles, properties, and relationships describing their nature and interactions.Presumed Consent: An institutional policy of granting authority to health personnel to perform procedures on patients or to remove organs from cadavers for transplantation unless an objection is registered by family members or by the patient prior to death. This also includes emergency care of minors without prior parental consent.Right to Die: The right of the patient or the patient's representative to make decisions with regard to the patient's dying.Bioethics: A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.Child Restraint Systems: Devices used to protect and restrain infant and child automotive passengers.Compensation and Redress: Payment, or other means of making amends, for a wrong or injury.Hippocratic Oath: An oath, attributed to Hippocrates, that serves as an ethical guide for the medical profession.Insurance Benefits: Payments or services provided under stated circumstances under the terms of an insurance policy. In prepayment programs, benefits are the services the programs will provide at defined locations and to the extent needed.Embryo Research: Experimentation on, or using the organs or tissues from, a human or other mammalian conceptus during the prenatal stage of development that is characterized by rapid morphological changes and the differentiation of basic structures. In humans, this includes the period from the time of fertilization to the end of the eighth week after fertilization.Human Rights Abuses: Deliberate maltreatment of groups of humans beings including violations of generally-accepted fundamental rights as stated by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Mandatory Reporting: A legal requirement that designated types of information acquired by professionals or institutions in the course of their work be reported to appropriate authorities.Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: An Act prohibiting a health plan from establishing lifetime limits or annual limits on the dollar value of benefits for any participant or beneficiary after January 1, 2014. It permits a restricted annual limit for plan years beginning prior to January 1, 2014. It provides that a health plan shall not be prevented from placing annual or lifetime per-beneficiary limits on covered benefits. The Act sets up a competitive health insurance market.Expert Testimony: Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act: Public Law 104-91 enacted in 1996, was designed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the healthcare system, protect health insurance coverage for workers and their families, and to protect individual personal health information.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Nature: The system of all phenomena in space and time; the totality of physical reality. It is both a scientific and philosophic concept appearing in all historic eras. (Webster 2d; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Mentally Ill Persons: Persons with psychiatric illnesses or diseases, particularly psychotic and severe mood disorders.Ethical Analysis: The use of systematic methods of ethical examination, such as CASUISTRY or ETHICAL THEORY, in reasoning about moral problems.Dangerous Behavior: Actions which have a high risk of being harmful or injurious to oneself or others.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Withholding Treatment: Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.MassachusettsForensic Psychiatry: Psychiatry in its legal aspects. This includes criminology, penology, commitment of mentally ill, the psychiatrist's role in compensation cases, the problems of releasing information to the court, and of expert testimony.Local Government: Smallest political subdivisions within a country at which general governmental functions are carried-out.Economic Competition: The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.Posthumous Conception: Conception after the death of the male or female biological parent through techniques such as the use of gametes that have been stored during his or her lifetime or that were collected immediately after his or her death.Euthanasia, Active: The act or practice of killing for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person or animal from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)Consumer Advocacy: The promotion and support of consumers' rights and interests.Medical Futility: The absence of a useful purpose or useful result in a diagnostic procedure or therapeutic intervention. The situation of a patient whose condition will not be improved by treatment or instances in which treatment preserves permanent unconsciousness or cannot end dependence on intensive medical care. (From Ann Intern Med 1990 Jun 15;112(12):949)Legislation, Food: Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Genetic Privacy: The protection of genetic information about an individual, family, or population group, from unauthorized disclosure.Catholicism: The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)Life: The state that distinguishes organisms from inorganic matter, manifested by growth, metabolism, reproduction, and adaptation. It includes the course of existence, the sum of experiences, the mode of existing, or the fact of being. Over the centuries inquiries into the nature of life have crossed the boundaries from philosophy to biology, forensic medicine, anthropology, etc., in creative as well as scientific literature. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Beginning of Human Life: The point at which religious ensoulment or PERSONHOOD is considered to begin.Paternalism: Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.Privacy: The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Contracts: Agreements between two or more parties, especially those that are written and enforceable by law (American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). It is sometimes used to characterize the nature of the professional-patient relationship.Abortion, Induced: Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)Democracy: A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Alcoholic Intoxication: An acute brain syndrome which results from the excessive ingestion of ETHANOL or ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Wounds, Gunshot: Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.Cities: A large or important municipality of a country, usually a major metropolitan center.Philosophy: A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)Criminal Psychology: The branch of psychology which investigates the psychology of crime with particular reference to the personality factors of the criminal.Codes of Ethics: Systematic statements of principles or rules of appropriate professional conduct, usually established by professional societies.Government: The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.Protective Devices: Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.Forensic Medicine: The application of medical knowledge to questions of law.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Public Facilities: An area of recreation or hygiene for use by the public.Nonlinear Dynamics: The study of systems which respond disproportionately (nonlinearly) to initial conditions or perturbing stimuli. Nonlinear systems may exhibit "chaos" which is classically characterized as sensitive dependence on initial conditions. Chaotic systems, while distinguished from more ordered periodic systems, are not random. When their behavior over time is appropriately displayed (in "phase space"), constraints are evident which are described by "strange attractors". Phase space representations of chaotic systems, or strange attractors, usually reveal fractal (FRACTALS) self-similarity across time scales. Natural, including biological, systems often display nonlinear dynamics and chaos.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Pregnant Women: Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.Ethics Committees, Clinical: Hospital or other institutional ethics committees established to consider the ethical dimensions of patient care. Distinguish from ETHICS COMMITTEES, RESEARCH, which are established to monitor the welfare of patients or healthy volunteers participating in research studies.Viscosity: The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Automobiles: A usually four-wheeled automotive vehicle designed for passenger transportation and commonly propelled by an internal-combustion engine using a volatile fuel. (Webster, 1973)European Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.Animal Experimentation: The use of animals as investigational subjects.State Health Plans: State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.Theology: The study of religion and religious belief, or a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings (from online Cambridge Dictionary of American English, 2000 and WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database, 1997)Fraud: Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.Government Publications as Topic: Discussion of documents issued by local, regional, or national governments or by their agencies or subdivisions.Mathematics: The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Legal Guardians: A legal concept for individuals who are designated to act on behalf of persons who are considered incapable of acting in their own behalf, e.g., minors and persons found to be not mentally competent.Reproductive Techniques, Assisted: Clinical and laboratory techniques used to enhance fertility in humans and animals.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Ethics: The philosophy or code pertaining to what is ideal in human character and conduct. Also, the field of study dealing with the principles of morality.CaliforniaHealth Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.New YorkLiving Wills: Written, witnessed declarations in which persons request that if they become disabled beyond reasonable expectation of recovery, they be allowed to die rather than be kept alive by extraordinary means. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Stochastic Processes: Processes that incorporate some element of randomness, used particularly to refer to a time series of random variables.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Medical Tourism: Travel to another country for the purpose of medical treatment.Great BritainPublic Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Empirical Research: The study, based on direct observation, use of statistical records, interviews, or experimental methods, of actual practices or the actual impact of practices or policies.Eye Movements: Voluntary or reflex-controlled movements of the eye.VermontBiomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Models, Neurological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Insurance: Coverage by contract whereby one part indemnifies or guarantees another against loss by a specified contingency.Religion and SciencePhilosophy, MedicalSyringes: Instruments used for injecting or withdrawing fluids. (Stedman, 25th ed)Oculomotor Muscles: The muscles that move the eye. Included in this group are the medial rectus, lateral rectus, superior rectus, inferior rectus, inferior oblique, superior oblique, musculus orbitalis, and levator palpebrae superioris.Organizational Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.Abortion Applicants: Individuals requesting induced abortions.Wedge Argument: An assertion that an action apparently unobjectionable in itself would set in motion a train of events leading ultimately to an undesirable outcome. (From Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995)Vivisection: The cutting of or surgical operation on a living animal, usually for physiological or pathological investigation. (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dict, 10th ed)Differential Threshold: The smallest difference which can be discriminated between two stimuli or one which is barely above the threshold.ItalyTime Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Automobile Driver Examination: Government required written and driving test given to individuals prior to obtaining an operator's license.Product Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.Advance Directives: Declarations by patients, made in advance of a situation in which they may be incompetent to decide about their own care, stating their treatment preferences or authorizing a third party to make decisions for them. (Bioethics Thesaurus)United States Dept. of Health and Human Services: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.Beneficence: The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Using the laws of the Actor model, Hewitt and Baker proved that any Actor that behaves like a function is continuous in the ... Implementations of the Actor model are free to make use of threads and locks in any way that is compatible with the laws for ... Two years after Greif published her operational model, Carl Hewitt and Henry Baker published the Laws for Actors. ... Hewitt, Carl; Baker, Henry (August 1977). "Laws for Communicating Parallel Processes". International Federation for Information ...
Columbia Journal of Law and Social Problems, 49(4), 501-549".. *^ Cross, T.L (2014). "Child welfare in Indian country: A story ... 2004). American Indian Law in a Nutshell. Eagan, MN: West Publishing.. *. Goldstein, Joseph; Freud, Anna; Solnit, Albert J. ( ... In some cases the state will look to the Adoption and Safe Families Act to deny such a transfer based on that law's time ... Indian heritage and the treatment of it has a unique history in United States law. A.J.S. has both Indian and non-Indian ...
... such as dietary laws, giving to the poor, or pilgrimages. In particular, there is no real TM community: practitioners do not ... "Constitutional Law ... Separating Church and State". ABA Journal. 64: 144.. *^ Humes, C.A. (2005). "Maharishi Mahesh Yogi: ... Ashman, Allan (Jan 1978). "What's New in the Law". American Bar Association Journal. 64: 144.. ...
... many countries have penalties for violating seatbelt laws.[15] ... Law. *Air transport agreement *Bermuda Agreement (UK-US, 1946- ...
The law was passed on July 28, 1876. Despite the new legislation, a conflict arose whether "Austritt" (secession) was required ... In contrast, a third middle opinion held by Hirsch's descendants (his son-in-law and successor Rabbi Solomon Breuer, his ... ISBN 0-87306-696-0. Horeb: A philosophy of Jewish laws. Soncino Press, 1981. ISBN 0-900689-40-4. The Pentateuch - with ... authorities in Jewish law) to this effect (see Selected Writings, "These and Those", where Schwab himself disagrees). At the ...
"American Journal of International Law. 72 (4). Retrieved 25 November 2017.. *^ Panda, Ankit (26 September 2017). "Would North ... Military Law Review. Department of the Army. 82: 114-121. ISSN 0026-4040. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 December 2016 ... Territorial sea, as defined by the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea,[1] is a belt of coastal waters ... "PREAMBLE TO THE UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON THE LAW OF THE SEA". Retrieved 27 April 2016.. ...
Yearbook of the International Law Commission, 1949, p. 43. *^ text in Department of State Bulletin, September 30, 1945, p. 485 ... "American Journal of International Law. 72 (4). Retrieved 25 November 2017.. *^ Panda, Ankit (26 September 2017). "Would North ... Territorial waters or a territorial sea, as defined by the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea,[1] is a belt ... Military Law Review. Department of the Army. 82: 114-121. ISSN 0026-4040. Retrieved 21 July 2014.. ...
Bill Faulkner; Eric Laws; Gianna Moscardo (20 March 2004). Embracing and Managing Change in Tourism: International Case Studies ...
He studied law and founded the firm of solicitors Victor Mishcon & Co in Brixton in 1937. He served in the Army during World ... In 1994 he was made an Honorary Member of the Law Society for life "in recognition of his distinguished career as a solicitor ... In 1988, Victor Mishcon & Co merged with part of Bartletts de Reya, forming the law firm Mishcon de Reya. Mishcon played a ... UCL LAWS. University College London. Retrieved 5 November 2016 "No. 47531". The London Gazette. 12 May 1978. p. 5717. Biography ...
The law also provided for less stringent definitions of such crimes as adultery and desertion for husbands than it did for ... The permiso marital was abolished in 1975; laws against adultery were cancelled in 1978; and divorce was legalized in 1981. ... During Franco's years, Spanish law discriminated strongly against married women. Without her husband's approval, referred to as ... Fertig, 1978. *^ Iván T. Berend, An Economic History of Twentieth-Century Europe, New York: NY, Cambridge University Press, ...
Law. *Air transport agreement *Bermuda Agreement (UK-US, 1946-78). *Bermuda II Agreement (UK-US, 1978-2008) ...
Law. *Air transport agreement *Bermuda Agreement (UK-US, 1946-78). *Bermuda II Agreement (UK-US, 1978-2008) ...
... law enforcement, etc. When flying for an airline, pilots are usually referred to as airline pilots, with the pilot in command ...
Kimble and Gerard spend the entire film on opposite sides of the law. Before long, though, we realize we're rooting for both of ... "One represents the law, the other justice - and it's the increasingly intimate relationship between them that provides the ...
"On Cassini's laws". Astronomicheskii Zhurnal. 55: 113-122. Bibcode:1978SvA....22...64B. Connor, Elizabeth (1947). "The Cassini ... dark area on Iapetus Cassini-Huygens Mission to Saturn Cassini's identity for Fibonacci numbers Cassini's laws His name may ... Augusto De Ferrari (1978), "Cassini, Giovan Domenico" Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani 21 (Rome: Istituto dell'Enciclopedia ... Italian) De Ferrari, Augusto (1978). "Cassini, Giovan Domenico". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani (in Italian). ...
Laws and Treaties. Washington, 1904. Vol. 2, p. 594. See e.g. Papers relating to Talks and Councils held with the Indians in ... Laws and Treaties. Washington, 1904. Vol. 2, p. 594. White, Richard: "The Winning of the West: The Expansion of the Western ... Laws and Treaties. Washington, 1904. Vol. 2, p. 594. Brown, Dee (1962). The Fetterman Massacre. Lincoln: University of Nebraska ... 1978), pp. 319-343, quote p. 340. Serial 1308, 40th Congress, 1st Session, Vol. 1, Senate Executive Document No. 13, p. 127. ...
He obtained his master's degree in law in Constitutional & International Law from the Campus Centre of OULC in 1963. Markandeya ... Election Laws (Reforms) Act, 1997 (submitted to Law Commission of India) House of the People & State Assemblies (Special ... In challenge to this law, Markandeya argued that all that was required was to strike down naughty "not" - which found favor ... Union Of India". 2009-07-02. Retrieved 2015-04-23. "A.S. Narayana Deekshitulu Etc vs State Of Andhra Pradesh And ...
Laws and Treaties. Washington, 1904. Vo. 2, p. 1002, Kappler, Charles J.: Indian Affairs. Laws and Treaties. Washington, 1904. ... Laws and Treaties. Washington, 1904. Vol. 2, p. 1008. Hoxie, Frederick E.: Parading Through History. The making of the Crow ... Tom Custer, and his brother-in-law, Lt. James Calhoun, accompanied him. Custer's troops traveled along the top of Yellowstone ... 1978), pp. 319-343, p. 342. Kappler, Charles J.: Indian Affairs. ...
Laws and Treaties. Washington, 1904. Vol. 1, pp. 264-265. "Treaty of Fort Laramie with Sioux, Etc., 1851." 11 StatsAffairs: ... Laws and Treaties. Washington, 1904. Vol. 2, pp. 1008-1011. (Treaty with the Crows, 1868). American Memory. Indian Land ... Laws and Treaties - Vol. II: Treaties. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1904, pp. 594-596. Through Oklahoma State ... Laws and Treaties. Washington, 1904. Vol. 2, p. 594. ...
"Differential Rate Laws". Chemical Kinetics. Daru, János; Stirling, András (2014). "Divided Saddle Theory: A New Idea for Rate ... Chandler, David (1978). "Statistical mechanics of isomerization dynamics in liquids and the transition state approximation". J ...
Laws and Treaties. Washington, 1904, Vol. 2, p. 594. Ewers, John C.: Intertribal Warfare as a Precursor of Indian-White Warfare ... Laws and Treaties. Washington, 1904, Vol. 2, p. 1008. Hoxie, Frederick E.: Parading Through History. The making of the Crow ... Laws and Treaties. Washington, 1904, Vol. 2, p. 1002. "Charles Braden". Military Times. Retrieved 1 November 2016. Colonel ... 1978), pp. 319-343, p. 342. Kappler, Charles J.: Indian Affairs. ...
Economics, Law, politician, Minister of the Economy and Finance. 11. 5 July 2011 - present. Christine Lagarde. France. Law, ... Law, Economics, League of Nations, BIS. 4. 1 September 1963 - 31 August 1973. Pierre-Paul Schweitzer. France. Law, Central ... Law, MBA, politician, Minister of the Economy. 10. 1 November 2007 - 18 May 2011. Dominique Strauss-Kahn. France. ... Law, Central Banker. 3. 21 November 1956 - 5 May 1963. Per Jacobsson. Sweden. ...
Session Laws of Utah. Utah State Legislature (1945). Chapter 61: State Roads and Routes. Session Laws of Utah. Route 120. From ... A 1927 law gave it the number and extended it west to the Nevada state line, where it became SR 25 to Panaca. In 1935, the ... Session Laws of Utah. Route 18. From Enterprise Junction on route 1, near St. George, northerly via Central and Enterprise to ... Session Laws of Utah. 18. From Enterprise Junction near St. George, northerly via Central, and Enterprise to Modena, thence, ...
Slovene Animal Protection Act (in Slovene language) "5199 Animal Protection Law - Article 8". Laws , Regulations in Turkey. ... Dev-Sco Publications p.13 Finnish Animal Protection Law (in Finnish) French Animal Protection Law (in French) A review of the ... Detroit College of Law. Accessed September 2011. Ear Cropping: Correct or Cruel? Briarlea Bouvier Kennel. Accessed September ... A Discussion of the Controversy and the Role of Law in Preventing Unnecessary Cosmetic Surgery on Dogs Michigan State ...
tr.) (1992). The Arthashastra, New Delhi: Penguin, ISBN 978-0-14-044603-6, p.822 Law, B.C. (1973). Tribes in Ancient India, ... Raychaudhuri, Hemchandra (1972). Political History of Ancient India, Calcutta: University of Calcutta, p.83 Law, B.C. (1973). ... The Laws of Manu. Delhi: Cosmo Publications. p. 279. ISBN 978-81-7755-876-0. Pargiter, F.E. (1972) [1922]. Ancient Indian ... Thapar, Romila (1978, reprint 1996). Ancient Indian Social History: Some Interpretations, New Delhi: Orient Longman, ISBN 978- ...
Interpreting the laws of kashrut in Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14:3-21, in 1997, the Committee on Jewish Law and Standards of ... "Ethics and Ritual: The Foundations of the Biblical Dietary Laws." In Religion and Law: Biblical, Jewish, and Islamic ... ISBN 1-57345-852-X. (Mormon dietary laws). Samson Raphael Hirsch. Horeb: A Philosophy of Jewish Laws and Observances. ... "Take this book of the law." The Gemara reported that Rabbi Johanan interpreted Deuteronomy 31:26, "Take this book of the law," ...
... unconventional application of a natural law, but also from the creativity and novelty of the discovery of the law itself. This ... it may not be appropriate for discoveries of previously unknown laws of nature: In my view, Mayo did not fully take into ... Dyk said, "The Mayo/Alice framework works well when the abstract idea or law of nature in question is well known and ... I]f the breadth of the claim is sufficiently limited to a specific application of the new law of nature discovered by the ...
May, R. M.; Beddington, J. R.; Clark, C. W.; Holt, S. J.; Laws, R. M. (1979). "Management of Multispecies Fisheries". Science. ... May, R. M.; Beddington, J. R.; Clark, C. W.; Holt, S. J.; Laws, R. M. (1979). "Management of Multispecies Fisheries". Science. ... Beddington, J. R.; Free, C. A.; Lawton, J. H. (1978). "Characteristics of successful natural enemies in models of biological ...
The Law Commission and the Scottish Law Commission. Statute Law Revision: Ninth Report. Law Com 87. SLC 48. Cmnd 7189. HMSO. ... This Schedule was repealed by section 1(1) of, and Part IV of Schedule 1 to, the Statute Law (Repeals) Act 1995. Statute Law ( ... It implemented recommendations contained in the ninth report on statute law revision, by the Law Commission and the Scottish ... The Statute Law (Repeals) Act 1978 (c 45) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. This Act was partly in force in ...
While most of the provisions in the 1884 Law seemed reasonable, enforcing the law was virtually impossible. The expanse of the ... After years of small, similar laws created, an Israeli antiquities law was finally enacted in 1978. Israel found its roots in ... The Antiquities Law of the State of Israel of 1978 is the law put in place by Israel to eliminate the problem of illegal ... The Antiquities Law of the State of Israel of 1978 was put in place by Israel to eliminate the problem of illegal activities ...
This publication is the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (P.L. 95-619). The purposes of this act are to provide for the regulation of interstate commerce, to reduce the growth in demand for energy in the United States, and to conserve nonrenewable energy resources produced in this nation and elsewhere, without inhibiting beneficial economic growth. Titles include: (1) Residential Energy Conservation; (2) Energy Conservation Programs for Schools and Hospitals and Buildings Owned by Units of Local Governments and Public Care Institutions; (3) Energy Efficiency of Certain Products and Processes; (4) Federal Energy Initiatives; and (5) Additional Energy-Related Measures. (Author/MR)
The Rise and Fall of Democratic Universalism: Health Care Reform in Italy, 1978-1994 Maurizio Ferrera Maurizio Ferrera ... In 1978, a sweeping reform created the first national health service of continental Europe: Italys Servizio Sanitario ... Maurizio Ferrera; The Rise and Fall of Democratic Universalism: Health Care Reform in Italy, 1978-1994. J Health Polit Policy ... Law 1 April 1995; 20 (2): 275-302. doi: ...
Appropriations Law. *Bid Protests. *Appropriations Law. *Other Legal Functions. *Other Legal Resources ... Changes in Natural Gas Prices and Supplies Since Passage of the Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978. EMD-81-73: Published: Jun 4, ... Consumer prices during the first quarter of 1980 were 33 percent higher than the average 1978 prices. Aproximately 40 cents of ...
1978, water policy message contained the following objectives: improved planning and efficient management of federal water ... Appropriations Law. *Bid Protests. *Appropriations Law. *Other Legal Functions. *Other Legal Resources ... Review of the Presidents June 6, 1978, Water Policy Message. CED-79-2: Published: Nov 6, 1978. Publicly Released: Nov 6, 1978. ... The Presidents June 6, 1978, water policy message contained the following objectives: improved planning and efficient ...
Person permitted by law to attend upon pregnant women, but not permitted by law to make blood tests in Nevada, shall cause a ... A person other than a physician who is permitted by law to attend a pregnant woman, but who is not permitted by law to take ... Any other person permitted by law to attend pregnant women but not permitted by law to take blood samples shall have a sample ... Every other person permitted by law to attend upon pregnant women in the State but not permitted by law to take such specimens ...
The law applies to buildings, programs, and services. Under the law, public accommodations may have to provide "auxiliary aids ... Workplace Laws Not Enforced by the EEOC. The following laws, prohibiting discrimination or regulating workplace issues, are not ... This law is enforced by individuals, not a federal agency.. Civil Rights Act of 1866 & Civil Rights Act of 1871 - CRA - 42 U.S ... This law requires certain employers to grant up to 12 weeks of leave during a 12 month period to eligible employees who need ...
3) Community property laws. The term community property laws means the community property laws of a State, a foreign country ... 18) Any provision of Federal, State, or local law, or common law claims permitted under Federal, State, or local law- ... by the operation of any law or rule of law (including res judicata), refund or credit of such overpayment (to the extent ... Public Law 115-97. .. Pub. L. 115-123,. div. D, title II, §41107(b), Feb. 9, 2018, 132 Stat. 158. , provided that: The ...
"Free voter IDs are costly, Harvard Law report finds - Harvard Law Today". Harvard Law Today. Retrieved January 11, 2017.. ... Moritz College of Law. Retrieved March 13, 2013.. *^ a b "Everything Youve Ever Wanted to Know About Voter ID Laws". ... "Photo ID Law". Indiana Secretary of State. Retrieved June 21, 2013.. *^ "Voter ID Now Kansas Law". Retrieved June ... Type of Law. Key Dates and Notes Alabama. 2014. Photo ID (non-strict). Law tightened in 2011 to require photo ID as of 2014,[ ...
These laws also make it illegal to retaliate against a person because he or she complained about discrimination, filed a charge ... Coke obtained her B.A. from Loyola University in 1990 and her J.D. from Mercer University School of Law in 1994. In 1995, she ... Firm partner J. David Richeson in particular is Board Certified as a Specialist in Labor and Employment Law, and is a recipient ... ELIZABETH COKE is a partner at Richeson & Coke, P.A., practicing in the area of labor and employment law. Ms. ...
... law-enforcement sources said." One US law-enforcement official complains, "We had teams of investigators frothing at the mouth ... to state the White Houses position on newly passed laws. It also assails the 1972 War Powers Resolution and other laws that ... The law infringes on the right of a president to keep information secret, Roberts argues. Later, he will argue that the 12-year ... Source: CBS News]Mohammed Jamal Khalifa, a brother-in-law to bin Laden, is arrested in the US. He is held for visa fraud, but ...
... it is once again time to round up and review the new laws impacting California employers. United States Employment and HR ... "Local Law"). In the event English law deprives you of any legal protection which is accorded to you under Local Law, then these ... Current law mandates sexual assault prevention training for businesses with more than 50 employees. The new law would cover ... If you live outside the United Kingdom, English law shall apply only to the extent that English law shall not deprive you of ...
Developments in the Law, supra, n. 12, at 1170; see also Sprogis v. United Air Lines, Inc., 444 F.2d at 1205 (Stevens, J., ... See, e.g., n. 30, supra. A broad cost-differential defense was proposed and rejected when the Equal Pay Act became law. ... It set a wide variety of effective dates for different provisions of the new law; some of the rules will not be fully effective ... The District Court considered the question of when petitioners could be charged with knowledge of the state of the law, see ...
As the existence of disclosure laws in many states suggests, 6 information concerning who supports or opposes a ballot measure ... Yet, the inadequacy of disclosure laws was a major reason for the adoption of the Berkeley ordinance. Section 101(d) of the ... See Public Communications Office, Federal Election Commission, Campaign Finance Law 81 (1981). See also Mastro, Costlow, & ... 250 ceiling on contributions to encourage disclosure so long as it vigorously enforces its already stringent disclosure laws. ...
A former convener of the New Zealand Law Societys Criminal Law Committee and a member of the former New Zealand Law ... A member of the New Zealand Law Societys Rule of Law Committee and distinguished Auckland law professor, Mike Taggart, died on ... with emphasis on insurance law, adminstrative law and medical law.... More about Philip Hunter Cook, 1952 - 2010. ... He studied law at Victoria University of Wellington, graduating in 1972.On graduation he worked as a law clerk with the old and ...
Jpn. 45:1127 (1978); Y. Noda, S. Nishihara, and Y. Yamada,J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 53:4241 (1984).Google Scholar ... A 17:455 (1978); M. Grant and J. D. Gunton,Phys. Rev. B 28:5496 (1983).Google Scholar ...
A. The Law36. The Supreme Court last considered the law of tying in Jefferson Parish.37 East Jefferson Hospital, in Jefferson ... good can be a per se violation of the antitrust laws.2 The law presumes that tying allows a firm to leverage market power from ... Why Do Firms Bundle And Tie? Evidence From Competitive Markets And Implications For Tying Law. This document is available in ... I. Tying: The Law and the Economics Literature Tying is an anomaly in United States antitrust doctrine. It is per se illegal ...
Beggs, W. D. A., Graham, J. C., Monk, T. H., Shaw, M. R. W., & I., H. C. (1972b). Can Hicks law and Fitts law be combined? ... Parng, A. K. (1988). Automated test of Fitts law and effects of target width and control/display gain using a digitizer tablet ... Olson, W. A. (1986). Effects of logarithmically rescalling display gain on a Fitts law task (Report No. (AFIT/CI/NR-87-6T (88 ... Shehab, R. L., & Schlegel, R. E. (1993). A test of Fitts law in a dual-task paradigm. Proceedings of the Human Factors and ...
... an experienced Family law firm located in San Francisco, CA. Contact Law & Mediation Offices of Vivian L. Holley today. ... Together the two firms provide the full spectrum of services in family law.. PRACTICE AREAS INCLUDE:. - Family Law. - Mediation ... Collaborative Law Option. Collaborative Law is a private, confidential and cooperative practice which utilizes specially ... In contested and high conflict family law cases, the firm also associates with Nathan James of the Lombard Law Group, who is a ...
201, 381 N.E.2d 279 (1978). RULE:. One element of a cause of action for medical malpractice is proof of the standard of care by ...
See also: UK labour law, Canadian labour law, Australian labour law, European labour law, German labour law, French labour law ... Trade and international law[edit]. Main articles: International labor law and International trade law ... See also: US employment discrimination law, European labour law, and UK employment discrimination law ... Labor law has increasingly converged with corporate law,[326] and in 2018 the first federal law, the Reward Work Act was ...
Surveillance Program Blatant Violation of Law - But many experts on national security law say the CIA program is a violation of ... Source: CBS News]Mohammed Jamal Khalifa, a brother-in-law to bin Laden, is arrested in the US. He is held for visa fraud, but ... The US decides to deport Mohammed Jamal Khalifa, bin Ladens brother-in-law, who was arrested in the US in mid-December 1994 ( ... This is apparently the first time KSM has come to the attention of US law enforcement. Transaction records show the money was ...
Surveillance Program Blatant Violation of Law - But many experts on national security law say the CIA program is a violation of ... Source: CBS News]Mohammed Jamal Khalifa, a brother-in-law to bin Laden, is arrested in the US. He is held for visa fraud, but ... This is apparently the first time KSM has come to the attention of US law enforcement. Transaction records show the money was ... A business card from Mohammed Jamal Khalifa, bin Ladens brother-in-law, is found. Sixty-two thousand dollars in cash is also ...
Law professor John Yoo writes a lengthy essay for the California Law Review entitled "The Continuation of Politics by Other ... August 21, 1996: War Crimes Act Becomes Law. The War Crimes Act (HR 3680) becomes Public Law No: 104-192. It prohibits ... the law enforcement officers are bureaucrats in a system that has always respected the rule of law and the Hitler government ... 237) His wife and children live at an al-Qaeda communications hub that is run by his father in law, Ahmed al-Hada. The hub is ...
  • In 1995, she was admitted to practice law before the Florida State Bar, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida, and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit. (
  • Dec. 19, 2006: The Maryland Court of Appeals rules that executions cannot continue in Maryland until the legislature approves regulations for lethal injection procedures or passes a law saying that such rules are not required. (
  • This section was repealed by section 1(1) of, and Part IV of Schedule 1 to, the Statute Law (Repeals) Act 1995. (
  • J Health Polit Policy Law (1995) 20 (2): 275-302. (
  • Professor David Lyons joined Boston University School of Law in 1995, teaching upper-level courses focusing on the intersection of philosophy and the law. (
  • After earning advanced degrees in philosophy, he taught at Cornell University from 1964 to 1995, where he was a Susan Linn Sage Professor of Philosophy and Professor of Law, served as chairman of the philosophy department, helped develop the Program on Ethics and Public Life and received the Clark Distinguished Teaching Award. (
  • The Law of the People's Republic of China on the Maternal and Infant Health Care (MIHCL), enacted in 1995, sparked widespread concerns, criticisms and in some cases fierce outcries in the Western scientific community. (
  • The Law of the People's Republic of China on the Maternal and Infant Health Care (MIHCL) was enacted in 1995. (
  • Bobrow M (1995) Redrafted Chinese law remains eugenic. (
  • 2) in proposed or final form on or after May 1, 1978, if such regulation has an effective date on or before December 31, 1983. (
  • In this realist view (Manicas & Secord, 1983) of social psychology and the law, the researcher employs traditional experimental methods to study the underlying causal mechanisms that give rise to litigation. (
  • Consumer prices during the first quarter of 1980 were 33 percent higher than the average 1978 prices. (
  • Justia › US Law › Case Law › Federal Courts › Courts of Appeals › Seventh Circuit › 1980 › Claude Wardle, Sr., Plaintiff-appellant, v. Central States, Southeast and Southwest Areas Pension Fu. (
  • Section 1(1) was repealed by Group 2 of Part IX of Schedule 1 to the Statute Law (Repeals) Act 1998. (
  • The Orders in Council made under section 3(2) have lapsed because of the repeal made to that section by the Statute Law (Repeals) Act 1998. (
  • The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics and the Law (Palgrave Macmillan, 1998). (
  • Anonymous editorial (1998) China's 'eugenics' law still disturbing despite relabelling. (
  • Breyer S (1998) The interdependence of science and law. (
  • Syllabus for oct/2016 NCA criminal law exam. (
  • or through a law school or County or District Court House law Case law may also be available electronically through commercial services such as LexisNexis / Quicklaw or eCarswell.INTERNET ACCESS TO CASE LAW Select cases identified in the Syllabus may be available via the internet at the following web sites:  Supreme Court of Canada decisions (http://scc. (
  • Firm partner J. David Richeson in particular is Board Certified as a Specialist in Labor and Employment Law, and is a recipient of Martindale Hubbell's AV-Preeminent rating, indicating the highest levels of professional excellence. (
  • 1 In the United States, tying by a firm with market power in the tying good can be a per se violation of the antitrust laws. (
  • 2 The law presumes that tying allows a firm to leverage market power from one good to another. (
  • In contested and high conflict family law cases, the firm also associates with Nathan James of the Lombard Law Group, who is a Certified Family Law Specialist, former San Francisco Deputy District Attorney, and experienced litigator who views family law cases through a trial lawyer's eyes with an objective of settlement out of court. (
  • Indiana in 2006 became the first state to enact a strict photo ID law, a law that was upheld two years later by the U.S. Supreme Court. (
  • Modern US labor law mostly comes from statutes passed between 1935 and 1974 , and changing interpretations of the US Supreme Court . (
  • In 1978, the Supreme Court in Stump v. Sparkman2held that the doctrine forbade a suit against an Indiana judge who had authorized the sterilization of a slightly retarded 15-year-old girl under the guise of an appendectomy. (
  • The doctrine of judicial immunity from federal civil rights suits dates only from the1967 Supreme Court decision in Pierson v. Ray, 386 U.S. 547 (1967), which found a Mississippi justice of the peace immune from a civil rights suit when he tried to enforce illegal segregation laws. (
  • the Supreme Court of Canada recognized a common law defence in Levis (City) v. 714. (
  • Essays in Law and Economics III: Financial Markets and Insurance (Maklu Uitgevers, 1997). (
  • Canadian College of Medical Geneticisits (1997) China's eugenics law: position statement of the Canadian college of medical geneticists. (
  • Ms. Coke obtained her B.A. from Loyola University in 1990 and her J.D. from Mercer University School of Law in 1994. (
  • By Peter Watts QC Emeritus Professor Brian Coote CBE FRSNZ died on 15 July 2019, aged 89.Professor Coote taught generations of law students at the University of Auckland between 1961 and his retirement at the end of 1994. (
  • The law defines death in all Australian jurisdictions (eg, in s 41 of the Human Tissue Act 1982 [Vic]) as either "irreversible cessation of all functions of the brain" (brain death) or as "irreversible cessation of circulation of blood in the body" (circulatory death), but it does not define irreversible or how to determine irreversibility ( Box ). (
  • 1978. Detection of electrophilic metabolites of halogenated olefins with 4-(4-nitrobenzyl) pyridine (NBP) or with Salmonella-typhimurium [Abstract]. (
  • David B. Lyons, Ethics and the Rule of Law , (forthcoming). (
  • David B. Lyons, "Slavery and the Rule of Law in Early Virginia," in Confronting Injustice: Moral History and Political Theory 14, David B. Lyons, ed. (
  • The information has been obtained from the Principles of Federal Appropriations Law , commonly known as the "GAO Red Book. (
  • We have focused our attention on the more common questions in the areas of procurement, travel, agreement, government purchase card, and appropriations law that affect MRP (APHIS, AMS, and GIPSA). (
  • This website should be used as a general guide and starting point as it is impossible to cover all aspects and situations of appropriations law. (
  • Since 1978, the attorneys at Richeson & Coke, P.A. have been representing public and private employers in all types of labor and employment matters, from preventative counseling and labor law compliance to arbitration and litigation of disputes. (
  • With over 30 years of experience practicing in this highly specialized area, the attorneys at Richeson & Coke, P.A. have an in-depth understanding of the complex laws and procedural requirements that govern the management of employees. (
  • Richeson & Coke, P.A. takes a team approach to representation, leveraging the collective expertise of its attorneys, each of whom possesses a wealth of experience in labor law issues. (
  • In family law matters including divorces, Ms. Holley usually mediates alone with couples and parties without additional costly attorneys present. (
  • Whether the client needs legal advice regarding discrimination, wage and hour laws, or workplace safety to minimize exposure to liability, Richeson & Coke, P.A. can offer effective legal assistance. (
  • By Nick Butcher Retired District Court Judge Robert Kerr who died on 18 May will be remembered as a man who was passionate about the law, to the point of being practically airtight prepared for any case or legal issue he encountered.Judge Kerr, who was known as Bob to. (
  • 4 It is a subject that has been debated periodically in the history of law and tests the integrity of legal decision-making in many areas that rely on numerical interpretations of human policies and actions. (
  • David McCord , Professor of Law, Drake University Law School, observed that the legal literature on this subject tends to categorize precedent along legal and not mathematical lines, further impeding a consistent approach to this type of proof or analysis. (
  • Nor is it to deny that there are worthwhile natural law theories much more concerned with foundational issues in ethics and political theory than with law or legal theory. (
  • Legal theorists who present or understand their theories as "positivist", or as instances of "legal positivism", take their theories to be opposed to, or at least clearly distinct from, natural law theory. (
  • Natural law theorists, on the other hand, did not conceive their theories in opposition to, or even as distinct from, legal positivism (contra Soper 1992 at 2395). (
  • But because legal theories conceived of by their authors as positivist are, by and large, dominant in the milieux of those likely to be reading this entry, it seems appropriate to refer to those theories along the way, in the hope of overcoming misunderstandings that (while stimulating certain clarifications and improvements of natural law theorizing) have generated some needless debate. (
  • As listed by Green 2003 (having observed that "No legal philosopher can be only a legal positivist"), these further questions (which "legal positivism does not aspire to answer") are: What kinds of things could possibly count as merits of law? (
  • The dominance of English common-law countries in prospects for financial development in the legal-origins debate has been debunked by recent findings. (
  • We have been involved in a wide, yet carefully selected, range of issues and activities, spanning from submitting legal argument that expands areas of law that may be unfamiliar to the judiciary, to supporting human rights victims in designing effective national advocacy campaigns, to engaging alongside victims to legally challenge the discrimination and/or denial of their rights. (
  • Current index to legal periodicals, Seattle: M.G. Gallagher Law Library, University of Washington School of Law. (
  • When viewing a listing, consider the state advertising restrictions to which lawyers and law firms must adhere, as well as our West Legal Directory disclaimers . (
  • His eight books include studies of utilitarianism and moral rights, the nature of law and legal interpretation, the work of Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill, and the problem of confronting grave injustices in American law and political theory. (
  • This article and the chart below cover the relevant laws relating to dispensaries in those states that allow the legal sale of medical marijuana and adult marijuana use. (
  • You are responsible for the law each decision describes.html)  Canadian Legal Information Institute (http://www. (
  • Cases and Materials on Criminal Law and Procedure, 11th ed. (
  • Law and the Social Sciences 109 (Russell Sage Foundation, 1987). (
  • Statute Law (Repeals) Act Halsbury's Statutes. (
  • Current Law Statutes Annotated 1978. (
  • Justia US Law US Codes and Statutes Rhode Island General Laws 2012 Rhode Island General Laws Title 11 - Criminal Offenses Chapter 11-31 - Obscene and Objectionable Publications and Shows Chapter 11-31-1 - Circulation of obscene publications and shows. (
  • While most of the provisions in the 1884 Law seemed reasonable, enforcing the law was virtually impossible. (
  • Among the more significant bills are changes to the state's minimum wage law and restrictions on forum and choice of law provisions in employment contracts. (
  • Employers should review their standard employment agreements containing forum selection and choice of law provisions, as well as severability clauses, to determine whether revision is necessary in light of the new legislation. (
  • The terms of an employer - public agency agreement (e.g. lease), the provisions of public law, the good will of the public agency, a grower's or group of growers' willingness to make or finance corrections, or other circumstances may permit achievement of corrections within a reasonable time period. (
  • Kent Roach, Criminal Law, 6th ed. (
  • Don Stuart, Canadian Criminal Law, 7th ed. (
  • Don Stuart et al, Learning Canadian Criminal Law, 13th ed. (
  • The optional materials are not necessary in order to write the NCA exam in Criminal Law, but candidates should be aware that they are available. (
  • common law defences are available under Canadian criminal law and can still be created by the courts. (
  • This law makes it illegal for employers to discriminate with respect to hiring, firing, or recruitment or referral for a fee, based on an individual's citizenship or immigration status, or national origin (Title VII prohibits to national origin discrimination for employers with 15 or more employees). (
  • These laws also make it illegal to retaliate against a person because he or she complained about discrimination, filed a charge of discrimination, or participated in an employment discrimination investigation or lawsuit. (
  • These equality laws generally prevent discrimination in hiring, terms of employment, and make discharge because of a protected characteristic unlawful. (
  • This law requires certain employers to grant up to 12 weeks of leave during a 12 month period to eligible employees who need time off because of a "serious health condition" that they or someone in their family is experiencing. (
  • His passion for the law and how it could be made more accessible and workable shone through in his judgments which resisted complexity. (
  • Fitts' law: Optimization of initial ballistic impulses for aimed movements (69): University of Michigan. (
  • Prediction of head movement time using Fitts' law. (
  • The generality of Fitts' law. (
  • Can Hick's law and Fitts' law be combined? (
  • Fitts' law, a one-dimensional model of human movement, is commonly applied to two-dimensional target acquisition tasks on interactive computing systems. (
  • An example is Fitts' law, a speed-accuracy model of human movement developed from research in man-machine systems for air traffic control [4, (
  • The contribution of the present paper is in extending Fitts' law to 2D target acquisition tasks and in alleviating common weaknesses in applying the model. (
  • Most Fitts' law research employs a task paradigm consistent with Figure 1 [e.g., 9, 14, (
  • There is no federal law against unjust discharge , and most states also have no law with full protection against wrongful termination of employment . (
  • This dual character of positive law is presupposed by the well-known slogan "Unjust laws are not laws. (
  • In law school Kitch was comment editor for the University of Chicago Law Review and a member of the Order of the Coif. (
  • He also has been a visiting professor of law at Stanford, Michigan, New York University, Brooklyn Law School and Georgetown University. (
  • Articles on 'Patents, The Chicago School of Law and Economics' and 'Henry Simons,' in Peter Newman, ed. (
  • The existence of these chasms causes the entire theory of evolution to collapse, and that is precisely the reason these chasms are not broadcasted in school curricula: chasms such as the origin of matter as well as the laws which govern it [see Miller, 2007 for a discussion on the origin of matter]. (
  • Seattle: M.G. Gallagher Law Library, University of Washington School of Law. (
  • Neubauer Family Assistant Professor, University of Chicago Law School. (
  • This is especially true for those who intend the paper to satisfy their law school writing requirement. (
  • Decades ago, the Harvard law professor Laurence H. Tribe wrote a stinging denunciation of the use of mathematics at trial, saying that the 'overbearing impressiveness' of numbers tends to 'dwarf' other evidence. (
  • The Antiquities Law of the State of Israel of 1978 was put in place by Israel to eliminate the problem of illegal activities with artifacts. (
  • This law makes it illegal to discriminate against people with disabilities in all programs, activities, and services offered by state and local government agencies. (
  • Though state laws requiring some sort of identification at voting polls go back to 1950, no state required a voter to produce a government-issued photo ID as a condition for voting before the 2006 election. (
  • In states with non-strict voter ID laws, other methods of validation are allowed, which vary by state. (
  • The impetus for the new law is a legislative concern that California employees are being required to enforce contract rights in out of state forums and under state laws that may lack many of the employee protections otherwise provided for under California law. (
  • Over the 20th century, federal law created minimum social and economic rights , and encouraged state laws to go beyond the minimum to favor employees. (
  • Business Organization Law: State or Federal? (
  • GHSA maintains data on state laws surrounding a number of highway safety issues . (
  • Below is information regarding laws in the state of Delaware. (
  • Please note that GHSA does not compile any additional data on state laws other than what is presented in these pages. (
  • Their legality is upheld under state law and federal Constitution. (
  • Thanks also to participants in Fordham Law School's faculty workshop, Michigan State University's Roundtable on New Administrative Law Scholarship, N.Y.U.'s Colloquium on Constitutional Theory, and Ohio State University Moritz College of Law's faculty workshop. (
  • If your preference is peaceful cost-effective resolution, then the lawyers with the Mediation and Law Offices of Vivian L. Holley offer a wide array of options maximizing your likelihood of getting the result you seek in a cost effective manner. (
  • He has directed NEH summer seminars for lawyers, judges, and law professors and has taught in California's continuing judicial education program. (
  • Under this law, all artifacts discovered during excavation were the property of the National Museum in Constantinople and were sent there.While the law can be seen as the first step towards regulation, it can also be seen as imperialism since the Ottoman Empire's desired to gain material from its territories rather than for the preservation of the archaeological legacy. (
  • Thus, under the INA, employers cannot hire only U.S. citizens or lawful permanent residents unless required to do so by federal law, regulation, executive order, or government contract. (
  • Electronic media law and regulation, Boston: Focal Press, 2007 (5th ed. (
  • Law and Finance ," Working Paper 19451, Harvard University OpenScholar. (
  • Phil Bates is Lecturer in Law at The Open University. (
  • He has taught Family Law and Child Law at the University of Reading, and at King's College London. (
  • Students claiming Dixon's politics and gender had prevented her reappointment staged a week-long sit-in at the administration buildings, but a review committee under the direction of Hanna Gray (later University President, 1978-1993) failed to reverse the decision. (
  • A Symposium on Sotirios A. Barber's The Fallacies of States' Rights and Michael S. Greve's The Upside-Down Constitution , 94 Boston University Law Review 1395 (2014). (
  • David B. Lyons, "Reason, Morality, and Constitutional Compliance," in Symposium On Constitutional Obligation and Disobedience: A Symposium on Abner S. Green's Against Obligation and Louis Michael Seidman's On Constitutional Disobedience , 93 Boston University Law Review 1381 (2013). (
  • David B. Lyons, "Constitutional Principles," in Symposium Originalism and Living Constitutionalism: A Symposium on Jack Balkin's Living Originalism and David Strauss's The Living Constitution , 92 Boston University Law Review 1237 (2012). (
  • David B. Lyons, "Courage and Political Resistance," in Symposium , 90 Boston University Law Review (2010). (
  • A Conference on Ronald Dworkin's Forthcoming Book, 90 Boston University Law Review (2010). (
  • This shift due to temperature is called Wien's displacement law . (