The largest order of CRUSTACEA, comprising over 10,000 species. They are characterized by three pairs of thoracic appendages modified as maxillipeds, and five pairs of thoracic legs. The order includes the familiar shrimps, crayfish (ASTACOIDEA), true crabs (BRACHYURA), and lobsters (NEPHROPIDAE and PALINURIDAE), among others.
A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)
A state in northeastern Australia. Its capital is Brisbane. Its coast was first visited by Captain Cook in 1770 and its first settlement (penal) was located on Moreton Bay in 1824. The name Cooksland was first proposed but honor to Queen Victoria prevailed. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p996 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p441)
Ecological and Environmental Phenomena
A family of the order Rodentia which contains 49 genera. Some of the more common genera are MARMOTA, which includes the marmot and woodchuck; Sciurus, the gray squirrel, S. carolinensis, and the fox squirrel, S. niger; Tamias, the eastern and western chipmunk; and Tamiasciurus, the red squirrel. The flying squirrels, except the scaly-tailed Anomaluridae, also belong to this family.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
The branch of physics that deals with sound and sound waves. In medicine it is often applied in procedures in speech and hearing studies. With regard to the environment, it refers to the characteristics of a room, auditorium, theatre, building, etc. that determines the audibility or fidelity of sounds in it. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
Oceans and Seas
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
Molecular Sequence Data
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The album had a cover design by Mick Haggerty, featuring two sharks with only their fins visible burrowing through a lawn that ... Ronnie Montrose put the band together after having released a solo album Open Fire in 1978, after having disbanded the hard ...
Tour de Nesle affair
... in John Anthony Burrow and Ian P. Wei (eds). Medieval Futures: Attitudes to the Future in the Middle Ages, Woodbridge: The ... Myers, A. R. (1978) England in the Late Middle Ages. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. De Pisan, Christine. (2003) The Treasure of ...
Burrows, William E. (1999). This New Ocean: The Story of the First Space Age. Modern Library. p. 432. ISBN 0-375-75485-7. The ... In 1951, science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke forecast that a man would reach the Moon by 1978. On 16 August 2006, the ...
Guthrie Theater production history
... book by Jo Swerling and Abe Burrows Noises Off - by Michael Frayn The Great Leap - by Lauren Yee Cyrano de Bergerac - by Edmond ... ISBN 1-932472-39-8. Levy, Jacqueline (1978). The Guthrie Theater. Minneapolis: The Guthrie Theater. Sullivan, Dan (May 8, 1963 ... 1978-80) Stages: Thrust stage on Vineland Place, The Other Place, Guthrie 2 on the West Bank Directors (Vineland Place): Rae ...
Australian Government Film
Saffron Burrows Love and Other Catastrophes (1996) - nominated for 5 AFI awards Dating the Enemy (1996) - Guy Pearce and ... Mouth to Mouth (1978) - AFI Nominee Kim Krejus My Brilliant Career (1979) - AFI winner for Best Film Notable Australian ... 1978) - Winner of 8 AFI awards including Best Film and Best Actor: Bill Hunter. ...
2020 NFL season
Week 2 Joe Burrow broke the record for most completions in a game by a rookie with 37. The previous record of 36 was shared by ... Joe Burrow became the first rookie to record 300+ passing yards in three consecutive games. Aaron Rodgers became the 11th ... Cincinnati, by virtue of having the worst record in 2019, held the first overall selection and selected QB Joe Burrow out of ... Shook, Nick (April 23, 2020). "Cincinnati Bengals pick Joe Burrow No. 1 in 2020 draft". National Football League. Archived from ...
He also appeared with Lauren Bacall in the Abe Burrows comedy Cactus Flower in 1965 and with Dorothy Loudon in The Fig Leaves ... In 1978, he was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical for his role as Dan Connors in the Broadway musical The ...
This was found in a disturbance near the King Stone probably caused by animal burrowing. During the excavation, the Nine Ladies ... Barnatt, John (1978). Stone Circles of the Peak. London: Turnstone Books. ISBN 978-0855000882. Barnatt, John (1987). "Bronze ...
Halston and Stephen Burrows in a fashion showdown. The event became an international fashion extravaganza with style writers ... Cleveland caught the attention of designers such as Jacques Tiffeau and Stephen Burrows. At age 18, she was signed to ... In 1978, Cleveland married male model Martin Snaric; the two later divorced. In 1982 she married Dutch former model and fashion ...
Bergeron Marc-André Bergeron Yves Bergeron Alexandre Bolduc Michaël Bournival Mathieu Biron Michel Brière Alexandre Burrows ... and were called the Shawinigan Dynamos from 1973 to 1978. The Cataractes play their home games at the Centre Gervais Auto. The ... Robidas Dominic Roussel Daniel Shank Patrick Traverse Radim Vrbata 1969-73 Shawinigan Bruins 1973-78 Shawinigan Dynamos 1978- ...
Barnett, O.W., Randles, J.W. and Burrows, P.M. (1987). Phytopathology 77: 791. Bays, D.C. and Demski, J.W. (1986). Plant Dis. ... Hampton, R., Beczner, L., Hagedorn, P., Bos, L., Inouye, T., Barnett, O.W., Musil, M. and Meiners, J. (1978). Phytopathology 68 ...
Notably, the Katberg Formation frequently yields burrow casts left by Lystrosaurus. The lower Katberg Formation is known to ... Bordy, Emese M.; Sztanó, Orsolya; Rubidge, Bruce S.; Bumby, Adam (2011-03-01). "Early Triassic vertebrate burrows from the ... Keyser, A. W., and Smith, R. M. H. (1978). Vertebrate biozonation of the Beaufort Group with special reference to the western ...
He collaborated with Simon Maddrell, Yves Pichon, Michael Bate, Malcolm Burrows and Roger Moreton and his students included ... Treherne, John E. (1978). "Neuronal adaptability". Trends in Neurosciences. 1 (2): 152-153. doi:10.1016/0166-2236(78)90095-4. ...
Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge
... burrowing owl, gray wolf, grizzly bear, least tern, mountain plover, northern leopard frog, pallid sturgeon, piping plover, ... Over time, the wilderness area would expand to 20,819 acres (84.25 km2). Finally, on April 25, 1978, the United States ...
This character can also be found burrowing her way into the good graces/heart/mind of one of the Big Three [Kirk, Spock, and ... ISBN 0-8122-3098-1. Byrd, Patricia (Spring 1978). "Star Trek Lives: Trekker Slang". American Speech. Durham, North Carolina: ...
Rhossili Bay ends in the northern formation of Llangenydd Burrows and the islet of Burry Holms. The final stretch of Glamorgan ... Retrieved 3 January 2010.[permanent dead link] D.H. New; A.L. Benjamin; K.S. Miles (February 1978). "Some features of the ...
Here they create burrows in soft substrates in the comparatively deep waters of the continental shelf and slope. Branchiostegus ... There are currently 18 recognized species in this genus: Branchiostegus albus Dooley, 1978 Branchiostegus argentatus (G. Cuvier ...
... with book by Abe Burrows. the play differs significantly from the book. It satirizes Mead's own career by depicting the rise of ... In 1968 he moved back to Switzerland, but then returned to Great Britain in 1978. He died in London in August 1994. Mead's best ...
Yale School of Medicine
Burrow (1992-1997) David Aaron Kessler (1997-2003): pediatrician, lawyer and former commissioner of the Food and Drug ... 1951-1978): Sterling Professor of Psychiatry, researcher of schizophrenia Lafayette Mendel (1921-1935): biochemist, discoverer ...
He said: No one could have conceivably imagined suicide bombers burrowing into our society and then emerging all in the same ... Van Don, Tran (1978). Our Endless War: Inside Vietnam. San Rafael, CA: Presidio Press. Chace, James (1984). Endless War: How We ... 1978). American historian James Chace argues in his book Endless War: How we got involved in Central America (1983) that US ...
... burrow and cast within the soil, creating horizontal burrows in upper 10-30 cm of soil (endogeic); and (3) worms that construct ... either for food or to plug its burrow. Once in the burrow, the worm will shred the leaf, partially digest it and mingle it with ... Physical: The earthworm's burrowing creates a multitude of channels through the soil and is of great value in maintaining the ... Stimulation of these causes the earthworm to very quickly retreat (perhaps contracting into its burrow to escape a bird). The ...
1993-94 in English football
17 September 1993 - Liverpool sign West Ham United defender Julian Dicks for £1.5million, with Mike Marsh and David Burrows ... the veteran midfielder who played 84 times for England between 1978 and 1986. 24 May 1994 - Matt Le Tissier, who has been ...
... shavings of the stems of Dolichandra quadrivalvis are added to bait which is left overnight near the burrows of crabs. The ... doi:10.1016/s0305-1978(99)00076-9. PMID 10725592. Goldblatt, Peter; Gentry, Alwyn H. (1979). "Cytology of Bignoniaceae". ...
List of NCAA football records
Clemson: Every record Joe Burrow broke as all-time great season ends with national championship". CBS Sports. Retrieved 14 ... Joe Burrow, LSU, 2019 FCS: 57 - Jeremiah Briscoe, Sam Houston State, 2016 Div II: 54 - Dusty Bonner, Valdosta State, 2000Zach ... Joe Burrow, LSU, 2019 FCS: 61 - Willie Totten, Mississippi Valley, 1984 Div II: 55 - Dusty Bonner, Valdosta State, 2000 Div III ... Joe Burrow, LSU, 2019, 5671 passing, 369 rushing FCS: 5,799 - Steve McNair, Alcorn State, 1994, 4,863 passing, 936 rushing Div ...
... are expelled from the pouch into the mother's burrow. At around six months of age, they leave the burrow and have no more ... Because the animal burrows, it must tolerate very high levels of carbon dioxide in inspired air, and will voluntarily remain in ... By the time the puggle is around 200 g (7.1 oz), it is left in the burrow while the mother forages for food, and it reaches ... They live alone, and, apart from the burrow created for rearing young, they have no fixed shelter or nest site. They do not ...
Marilyn Monroe in popular culture
Larry Burrows, Ed Clark, William Claxton, Howell Conant, David Conover, Bruce Davidson, Loomis Dean, Alfred Eisenstaedt, John ... 1978) Howard Finster: Marilyn Monroe (1999) James Gill: Marilyn Tryptych (1962) Pink Marilyn (2008) Douglas Gordon: Self- ...
English unjust enrichment law
Academic writers such as Professor Birks and Professor Burrows have argued that claims to the traceable substitute of one's ... A Burrows, J Edelman and E McKendrick, Cases and Materials on the Law of Restitution (2nd Ed, OUP, Oxford, 2007). ... Andrew Burrows, The Law of Restitution (3rd ed, 2011); Graham Virgo, The Principles of the Law of Restitution (3rd ed, 2015); ... Andrew Burrows, The Law of Restitution (2011, 3rd ed) 64-5. Kleinwort Benson Ltd v Birmingham City Council  4 All ER 733 ...
List of University of Oxford people in academic disciplines
Montagu Burrows (All Souls) Muriel St. Clare Byrne (Somerville) Richard Carew (Christ Church) Humphrey Carpenter (Keble) Sir ... Dean of Norwich 1978-83, Provost of Southwark 1983-94 Robert Ellis (Regent's Park) Mark Elvins (Greyfriars) Austin Farrer ( ...
1998-99 in English football
Cardiff City took the final automatic promotion spot, as Frank Burrows brought immediate success to the club in his second ... "Steve Bruce , Football Stats , No Club , Age 52 , 1978-1999". Soccer Base. Archived from the original on 7 June 2008. Retrieved ...
Villa Mapelli Mozzi
of Mr David Burrows, of Pincents Farm, Theale, Berkshire, and of Mrs Susan Burrows, of 2 Walton Street, London, SW3, is to be ...
The Darkness Within: 13 Films That Burrow into Our Psyches - PopMatters
Energetics of burrowing by the cirratulid polychaete Cirriformia moorei | Journal of Experimental Biology
volume of the crack-shaped burrow. rate of O2 consumption. wCr. width of crack (m). WCr. work to extend the burrow by fracture ... flux of water into the burrow to fill the space opened by the worm as it burrows (labeled 3 in Fig. A1) and exchange of burrow ... A1). The increase in burrow volume (dVCr/dt) was approximated as: (A3 assuming the burrow is an elliptic cylinder with the half ... External work to burrow in gelatin by fracture is the sum of the work of fracture to elongate the burrow ahead of the worm (WCr ...
MarLIN - The Marine Life Information Network - Seapens, including Funiculina quadrangularis, and burrowing megafauna in...
Burrow morphology of the echiuran worm Maxmuelleria lankesteri (Echiura: Bonelliidae), and a brief review of the burrow ... Both Pennatula phosphorea and Virgularia mirabilis can burrow and move into and out of their own burrows. It is probable ... Both Pennatula phosphorea and Virgularia mirabilis can burrow and move into and out of their own burrows. It is probable ... Burrow openings and shafts indicated the presence of the burrowing crustaceans Callianassa subterranea, Goneplax rhomboides and ...
The burrowing origin of modern snakes | Science Advances
D) Xenopeltis unicolor, a burrowing species. (E) Hypothetical ancestor of crown snakes, predicted as burrowing with 70.1% ... and burrowing. We also tested the putative burrowing habit of the hypothetical ancestor of crown snakes, as reconstructed from ... A burrowing life-style predated modern snakes, but it remained as the main, if not exclusive (6), habit for basal lineages ... 3B). Burrowing species have an average negative score on principal component 1 (−0.097), whereas aquatic species have an ...
Scent gland constituents of the Middle American burrowing python, Loxocemus bicolor (Serpentes: Loxocemidae) : Zeitschrift für...
Analysis by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry of the scent gland secretions of male and female Middle American burrowing ... The Middle American burrowing python (Loxocemus bicolor Cope) occurs in moist to dry forests from southwestern Mexico through ... Scent gland constituents of the Middle American burrowing python, (Serpentes: Loxocemidae). *Effects of extracts and compounds ... Analysis by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry of the scent gland secretions of male and female Middle American burrowing ...
MarLIN - The Marine Life Information Network - Burrowing megafauna and Maxmuelleria lankesteri in circalittoral mud
Burrowing megafauna and Maxmuelleria lankesteri in circalittoral mud. JNCC 2015. SS.SMu.CFiMu.MegMax. Burrowing megafauna and ... A5.362 - Burrowing megafauna and Maxmuelleria lankesteri in circalittoral mud. JNCC 2015. SS.SMu.CFiMu.MegMax - Burrowing ... Observations on the burrows and burrowing behaviour of two mud-dwelling decapod crustaceans, Nephrops norvegicus and Goneplax ... Burrow morphology of the echiuran worm Maxmuelleria lankesteri (Echiura: Bonelliidae), and a brief review of the burrow ...
History of New York City (prehistory-1664) - Wikipedia
Nitric oxide anion
Avian Conservation and Ecology: Influence of vegetation on the nocturnal foraging behaviors and vertebrate prey capture by...
Influence of vegetation on the nocturnal foraging behaviors and vertebrate prey capture by endangered Burrowing Owls. Avian ... Factors associated with nest- and roost-burrow selection by Burrowing Owls (Athene cunicularia) on the Canadian prairies. ... The efficacy of this effort with respect to increasing the foraging success of Burrowing Owls is not clear, because Burrowing ... Effects of food on reproduction in Burrowing Owls (Athene cunicularia) during three stages of the breeding season. Dissertation ...
Jaws 2 (1978) - IMDb
Jaws 2 (1978) PG , 1h 56min , Adventure, Drama, Horror , 16 June 1978 (USA) ... Referenced in Saturday Night Live: Frank Zappa (1978) See more » Soundtracks. Teach Me Tonight (uncredited) Music by Gene de ... The studio agreed to forgive his leaving The Deer Hunter (1978) if he did Jaws 2, which they would count as the two remaining ... Roy Scheider did not originally want to appear in Jaws 2, but had recently left the production of The Deer Hunter (1978), which ...
Nosferatu (1922) - PopMatters
Jerboa - definition of jerboa by The Free Dictionary
New Hypothesis for Cause of Epidemic among Native Americans, New England, 1616-1619 - Volume 16, Number 2-February 2010 -...
Abstracts Database | National Criminal Justice Reference Service
Author: S BURROW. Publication Date: 1978. Abstract 8. VIOLENCE TOWARDS CHILDREN - MEDICAL LEGAL ASPECTS (FROM VIOLENCE AND ... JUVENILE JUSTICE (FROM AMERICAN LAW - ANNUAL SURVEY, 1977, 1978, BY D S WISE AND A S LACHMAN - SEE NCJ-53652). NCJ Number 53656 ... CRIMINOLOGIST - CONSULTING IN THE PSYCHO-SOCIAL SECTOR (FROM NOTES ON CRIMINOLOGY AND SOCIAL PATHOLOGY, 1978). NCJ Number 55098 ... Journal JUVENILE AND FAMILY COURT JOURNAL Volume29 Issue4 Dated(NOVEMBER 1978) Pages3-11. Publication Date: 1978. ...
Temporal constraints and female preference for burrow width in the fiddler crab,Uca mjoebergi | SpringerLink
Once a female selects a mate, she copulates in his burrow and remains there until releasing her aquatic larvae. U. mjoe ... Since male size was positively correlated to burrow width, females were selecting wide burrows and effectively incubating at ... Once a female selects a mate, she copulates in his burrow and remains there until releasing her aquatic larvae. U. mjoebergi ... We propose that females are selecting burrows to influence incubation rate and ensure timely release of their larvae. Female U ...
Environmental conditions in burrows of two species of African mole-rat , Georhychus capensis and Cryptomys damarensis -...
Both species are completely fossorial and inhabit closed burrow systems. Tunnels of G. capensis burrows had a mean diameter of ... and from 19.6 to 29.3 8C in burrows of C. damarensis by comparison with an ambient range of 8.6 to 30.8 8C. Thus a burrowing ... Temperature varied between 18.5 and 24.2 8C in burrows of G. capensis by comparison with an ambient range of 16.9 to 26.8 8C; ... In both species, the mean concentration of CO2 was higher, and mean concentration of O2 lower, in burrows than in the ...
Lenape - Wikipedia
Edwin G. Burrows and Mike Wallace, 1999, p.5. *^ Utz, Axel (2011). Cultural exchange, imperialist violence, and pious missions ... Burrows, Edward G. and Mike. Wallace. Gotham: A History of New York City to 1989. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. ISBN 0 ... Middle Atlantic Press, 1978. ISBN 978-0-912608-06-8.. *Weslager, C.A. The English on the Delaware: 1610-1682. Rutgers ... Goddard, Ives (1978). "Delaware". In Trigger, Bruce G. Handbook of North American Indians. vol. 15: Northeast. Washington. pp. ...
Murray Valley encephalitis: a review of clinical features, diagnosis and treatment | The Medical Journal of Australia
James Knox, Raquel U Cowan, Joseph S Doyle, Matthew K Ligtermoet, John S Archer, James N C Burrow, Steven Y C Tong, Bart J ... 17. Burrow JN, Whelan PI, Kilburn CJ, et al. Australian encephalitis in the Northern Territory: clinical and epidemiological ... Sydney: Australian Medical Publishing Company, 1978.. *9. Nicholls N. A method for predicting Murray Valley encephalitis in ... Australian encephalitis in Western Australia, 1978-1991. Med J Aust 1993; 158: 591-595. ...
How Burrowing Owls Lead To Vomiting Anarchists (Or SF's Housing Crisis Explained) - TechCrunch
Theyve argued that its to protect the citys burrowing owl population. (The city council even created a feral cat taskforce ... The true culprit behind our housing problems: let us deflect blame to Mountain Views burrowing owl! (Photo: Wikimedia Commons ... How Burrowing Owls Lead To Vomiting Anarchists (Or SFs Housing Crisis Explained). ... In 1978, the U.S.s manufacturing employment peaked and the noise and grit of the blue-collar factories that once fueled the ...
Leptodactylus cunicularius Sazima and Bokermann, 1978 | Amphibian Species of the World
Rabbit-burrow Frog (Heyer, Heyer, and de Sá, 2008, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 845: 1). ... Leptodactylus cunicularius Sazima and Bokermann, 1978 Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: ... Leptodactylus cunicularius Sazima and Bokermann, 1978, Rev. Brasil. Biol., 38: 904. Holotype: WCAB 48000, by original ...
Mount Allison University | Record | Departed Allisonians
Leptopelis bocagii (Günther, 1865) | Amphibian Species of the World
Bocages Burrowing Frog (Broadley, 1971, Puku, 6: 120; Broadley, 1973, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 10: 23). ... Bocages Burrowing Tree Frog (Largen and Spawls, 2010, Amph. Rept. Ethiopia Eritrea: 133). ... Bocages Burrowing Leaf-frog (Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 16). ... 2, 6: 23, suggested that MBL T.15-232 might by syntypes (these destroyed by 1978 fire); two specimens received by BMNH from MBL ...
Renal Disorders | SpringerLink
Tips for a Healthy and Safe Home
Proton auroras during the transitional stage of substorm onset | Springer for Research & Development
Lui ATY, Burrows JR (1978) On the location of auroral arcs near substorm onsets. J Geophys Res 83(A7):3342-3348CrossRefGoogle ... Lui and Burrows 1978; Samson et al. 1992; Liang et al. 2009; Donovan et al. 2012; Jiang et al. 2012; Yue et al. 2015). The ... Lui and Burrows 1978; Samson et al. 1992; Donovan et al. 2012), the core new result in this study is that, during the TSSO when ...
Immunizations - National Association of School Nurses
Status assessment and conservation plan for the western burrowing owl in the United States :: Documents
Burrowing Mammals Conservation of those species of burrowing mammals that form Burrowing Owl nest sites is essential for ... Relocations and Artificial Burrows-Relocations are those in which Burrowing Owls are evicted from their occupied burrows and ... Burrowing Owls require a mammal burrow or natural cavity surrounded by sparse vegetation. Burrow availability is often limiting ... Artificial burrows more than 100 m from the eviction burrow may greatly reduce the chances that new burrows will be used. The ...
Species199319921977SedimentEarthworm burrowsRodentConditions in burrows1975Megafauna1989PolychaetesNests1985199419981980Predation2000JuvenilesMammalsLocomotionTortoises1981OwlsHabitat1999BiotopeAbandonHabitsPreyReproductiveFemalesAbundanceBirdsCreatesSoilSnakesConcentrationsPreferenceAquaticPRELIMINARY REPORTCommunallyDataRandallTerrestrialTemperaturesDeepDifferTimeAspectsSystemsSmallSiteFoundRatesAuthorMadeIncreaseStudy
- Communal burrow refers to the habitat built by some species of mammals as a community habitat. (wikipedia.org)
- and there are some species that live in communal groups, but do not construct burrows or any other type of habitat. (wikipedia.org)
- Many different animal species are known to form burrows. (wikipedia.org)
- Some species of Bird will actually make use of burrows built by tortoises, which is an example of simple occupancy. (wikipedia.org)
- Daurian pikas have been observed sharing burrows with several other mammal species. (wikipedia.org)
- The sensitivity of burrowing megafuana and other species is discussed where relevant. (marlin.ac.uk)
- D ) Xenopeltis unicolor , a burrowing species. (sciencemag.org)
- Temperature and respiratory gas (CO2 and O2) concentrations were measured in the foraging tunnels of burrows naturally inhabited by two species of southern African mole-rats, the Cape mole-rat Georhychus capensis and the Damaraland mole-rat Cryptomys damarensis. (semanticscholar.org)
- Both species are completely fossorial and inhabit closed burrow systems. (semanticscholar.org)
- No sediment constructions associated with the burrows were recorded for this species. (cambridge.org)
- The differences in microbial activity, bacterial numbers, and certain bacterial species between the earthworm alimentary canal or burrow and bulk soil indirectly support the hypothesis that the bacterial community structures of these habitats are different from those of the soil. (asm.org)
- DWORSCHAK, P.C. & P. PERVESLER, 1988: Burrows of Callianassa bouvieri NOBILI 1904 from Safaga (Egypt, Red Sea) with some remarks on the biology of the species. (nhm-wien.ac.at)
- Most heteromyids live in complex burrows within the deserts and grasslands of western North America, though species within the Heteromys and Liomys genera are also found in forests . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- This species nests communally in burrows excavated in the soil, many females sharing a common nest entrance. (bwars.com)
- Burrow levels of CO 2 have been reported to be between 3% and 9.5%, depending upon the species and burrow depth (Tenney and Boggs, 1986). (gentoo.net)
- DWORSCHAK, P.C. & J.A. OTT, 1993: Decapod burrows in mangrove-channel and back-reef environments at the Atlantic Barrier Reef, Belize. (nhm-wien.ac.at)
- an apparently isolated population also exists along the Gulf Coast in Franklin County, where its current status was unknown in the early 1990s (Layne 1978, 1992). (iucnredlist.org)
- Populations tend to be larger in sand pine scrub than they are in longleaf pine-turkey oak habitats (Layne 1978), apparently due to the greater acorn production in the former (Layne 1992). (iucnredlist.org)
- Burrows CJ ed 1977. (landcareresearch.co.nz)
- We calculated the external energy per distance traveled from the sum of the work to extend the burrow by fracture and the elastic work done to displace sediment as a worm moves into the newly formed burrow to be 9.7 J kg -1 m -1 in gelatin and 64 J kg -1 m -1 in sediment, much higher than for running or walking. (biologists.org)
- Hunter and Elder, 1989 ) implicitly assumed that sediment plastically deformed around the worm to create a burrow. (biologists.org)
- The sediment is usually extensively burrowed by crustaceans, the most common of which is Nephrops norvegicus , but Callianassa subterranea may also be present (the latter is likely to be under-recorded by grab sampling because it is deep burrowing). (marlin.ac.uk)
- Razor clams burrow into the sediment around the extreme low water mark and in the shallow subtidal and are capable of rapid burrowing if disturbed. (mcsuk.org)
- Isolates obtained from the sides of earthworm burrows were not different from the soil isolates. (asm.org)
- 3 Although, in general, recruitment of seedlings was less in the presence of L. terrestris , recruited seedlings benefited from establishing in the vicinity of earthworm burrows. (wiley.com)
- The strong aggregation of plants in the vicinity of earthworm burrows resulted in plant communities with a more heterogeneous small-scale architecture. (wiley.com)
- Earthworm burrows and middens acted as an important regeneration niche for emergent seedlings by reducing microsite and nutrient limitations. (wiley.com)
Conditions in burrows1
- Rodents in the family Heteromyidae are subject to hypercapnic and hypoxic conditions in burrows. (gentoo.net)
- He went on to study at Trinity College, Cambridge where he was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree in Natural Sciences in 1975 followed by a PhD in 1978 for research investigating free radical reactions by laser magnetic resonance supervised by Brian Arthur Thrush. (wikipedia.org)
- 2004) but differ in the relative abundance of sea pens (SpnMeg) and burrowing megafauna (MegMax). (marlin.ac.uk)
- Hughes (1998a) suggested that the sea pen and burrowing megafauna communities exhibit a mosaic of patches of megafaunal communities depending on the level of disturbance. (marlin.ac.uk)
- Hughes (1998a) also noted that the interaction between burrowing megafauna and sea pens was unknown, although they clearly co-exist. (marlin.ac.uk)
- Therefore, the sensitivity assessment of MegMax concentrates on the important characteristic burrowing megafauna because a significant reduction in their abundance would result in a change in the character or in the loss of the biotope. (marlin.ac.uk)
- Burrowing has been considered to be much more energetically expensive than other forms of locomotion, but it has been argued that the high cost of burrowing is justified because sediments provide habitat and a refuge from predators ( Hunter and Elder, 1989 ). (biologists.org)
- Trevor calculated high energetic cost of burrowing per distance traveled for several polychaetes and suggested that soft-bodied burrowers are less efficient than those with a rigid exoskeleton (e.g. (biologists.org)
- Whereas costs of transport for running, flying and swimming are measured from oxygen consumption rates, previous estimates for burrowing by polychaetes were based on external work converted to metabolic work, assuming an efficiency constant. (biologists.org)
- Trevor measured oxygen consumption rates of burrowing polychaetes but pointed out that his measurements were probably inaccurate and instead used external work to calculate the energetic cost of burrowing ( Trevor, 1978 ). (biologists.org)
- SpnMeg and MegMax support a rich infauna of polychaetes, bivalves, burrowing sea urchins, brittlestars, and sea cucumbers, and a mobile epifauna of crabs and starfish. (marlin.ac.uk)
- Young are born in nests in underground burrows. (iucnredlist.org)
- PERVESLER, P. & P.C. DWORSCHAK, 1985: Burrows of Jaxea nocturna NARDO in the Gulf of Trieste. (nhm-wien.ac.at)
- Kangaroo rats live in arid and semi-arid areas particularly on sandy or soft soils (Howard 1994), which are suitable for burrowing. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- within a period of 2-19 days, individuals used up to several different locations within a single burrow and used 1-3 different tortoise burrows (Layne and Jackson 1994). (iucnredlist.org)
- DWORSCHAK, P.C., 1998: The role of tegumental glands in burrow construction by two Mediterranean callianassid shrimp. (nhm-wien.ac.at)
- 1978, 1980, 1981. (jhu.edu)
- Burrows provide a form of shelter against predation and exposure to the elements and can be found in nearly every biome and among various biological interactions. (wikipedia.org)
- His executive career was spent with Pernod Ricard subsidiary Irish Distillers, where he was CEO from 1978 to 2000, after which he served as deputy chief executive of Pernod Ricard itself until 2005. (aol.com)
- At around 0.5cm length juveniles burrow into sand. (mcsuk.org)
- 25 Burrowing Mammals. (fws.gov)
- A burrow is a hole or tunnel excavated into the ground by an animal to create a space suitable for habitation, temporary refuge, or as a byproduct of locomotion. (wikipedia.org)
- Burrowing through marine sediments has been considered to be much more energetically expensive than other forms of locomotion, but previous studies were based solely on external work calculations and lacked an understanding of the mechanical responses of sediments to forces applied by burrowers. (biologists.org)
- This approach makes comparisons between burrowing and other modes of locomotion difficult. (biologists.org)
- When inactive, it occupies underground burrows, often made within those of gopher tortoises. (iucnredlist.org)
- DWORSCHAK, P.C., 1981: The pumping rates of the burrowing shrimp Upogebia pusilla (PETAGNA)(Decapoda: Thalassinidea). (nhm-wien.ac.at)
- We used GPS dataloggers with digital video recorders to identify foraging modes and locations in which endangered Burrowing Owls ( Athene cunicularia ) captured prey. (ace-eco.org)
- Burrowing Owls searched for, and caught, vertebrate prey in all cover types, but were more likely to kill prey in areas with sparse and less dense vegetative cover. (ace-eco.org)
- Our data show that D. patagonica and modern burrowing squamates share a unique spherical vestibule in the inner ear, as compared with swimmers and habitat generalists. (sciencemag.org)
- Pour de nombreuses esp ces, les tudes ant rieures sur la s lection de l habitat ont t limit es l chelle du domaine vital en raison des restrictions technologiques de l poque, et la compr hension une chelle plus fine n tait souvent pas possible. (ace-eco.org)
- Par cons quent, ces tudes ne cernent sans doute pas le m canisme v ritable derri re les tendances dans la s lection de l habitat, influen ant peut- tre du coup la fa on avec laquelle ces r sultats sont transpos s en actions de conservation. (ace-eco.org)
- The burrows of kangaroo rats provide habitat for other animals and for plant growth. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- The Barbary Ground Squirrel has been observed to occupy mostly rocky environments (Nowak 1999), where it creates burrows in the ground or possible dens within crevices of large rocks. (tolweb.org)
- Although Pachycerianthus multiplicatus is rare in the UK, loss of either burrowing anemone would not lead to a loss of the biotope. (marlin.ac.uk)
- Notes on the feeding habits of burrowing bugs of the genus Adrisa (Heteroptera: Cydnidae). (ndsu.edu)
- If an edible insect wanders by, the spider pounces from its burrow and retreats with its prey. (newyorker.com)
- Plains viscacha live in communal burrow systems in groups containing one or more males, several females, and immatures. (wikipedia.org)
- Our results suggest that within the mating period, females adjust their larval developmental rates by selecting specific burrows in which to incubate their clutches. (springer.com)
- Since male size was positively correlated to burrow width, females were selecting wide burrows and effectively incubating at lower temperatures. (springer.com)
- By incubating in narrower, warmer burrows, these females may increase the developmental rates of larvae. (springer.com)
- We propose that females are selecting burrows to influence incubation rate and ensure timely release of their larvae. (springer.com)
- Also, from pollen analysis, females were found to only visit oak blossom in The Netherlands (Leys, 1978). (bwars.com)
- Links between riparian characteristics and the abundance of common wombat ( Vombatus ursinus ) burrows in an agricultural landscape. (springer.com)
- In turn, their burrows are visited by ground squirrels, and sometimes by burrowing birds. (wikipedia.org)
- Earthworm burrowing creates pore spaces, thus increasing water conductivity and benefitting root growth ( 19 , 44 ). (asm.org)
- 1978. Development of guidelines for contaminated soil and groundwater at U.S. Army installations. (cdc.gov)
- Two hundred and thirty aerobic bacteria were also isolated on general heterotrophic media from casts, burrows, and soil. (asm.org)
- In this study we present the combined results of culture and culture-independent studies on earthworm casts, burrows, and the surrounding agricultural soil over a 3-year period. (asm.org)
- This study provides an extensive comparative data set to test fossoriality quantitatively in stem snakes, and it shows that burrowing was predominant in the lineages leading to modern crown snakes. (sciencemag.org)
- We hypothesize that D. patagonica was a burrower and that crown snakes originated from burrowing ancestors. (sciencemag.org)
- The habit of D. patagonica was estimated by comparing its inner ear with modern snakes in three habit groups: aquatic, terrestrial generalists, and burrowing. (sciencemag.org)
- We also tested the putative burrowing habit of the hypothetical ancestor of crown snakes, as reconstructed from a snake evolutionary tree. (sciencemag.org)
- E ) Hypothetical ancestor of crown snakes, predicted as burrowing with 70.1% probability. (sciencemag.org)
- Freud's friend began fancying that white snakes were crawling over him and that insects were burrowing under his skin. (washingtonpost.com)
- None of these components was significantly different between burrowing and resting worms, and the low increases in oxygen consumption rates or tauropine concentrations predicted from external work calculations were within the variability observed across individuals. (biologists.org)
- Flea fitness is reduced by high fractional concentrations of CO₂ that simulate levels found in their hosts' burrows. (semanticscholar.org)
- They did not leave the burrows at higher concentrations even though they had access to fresh air outside the burrow. (gentoo.net)
- found that desert rodents showed no preference for simulated burrows with ambient air over burrows containing 5% CO 2 . (gentoo.net)
- Once a female selects a mate, she copulates in his burrow and remains there until releasing her aquatic larvae. (springer.com)
- 1978. Therapeutic effects of carbamazepine in affective illness : A preliminary report. (jhu.edu)
- They live in burrows, and, by digging communally, they are able to construct larger and more elaborate burrows than they could on their own. (wikipedia.org)
- Here we present data on energetics of burrowing by Cirriformia moorei . (biologists.org)
- Adult kangaroo rats, on the other hand, are larger and typically weigh between 70-170 grams (Nader 1978), with the larger ranging up to 195 grams (Randall 2004). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
- Generalizing locomotory strategies across animals with hydrostatic skeletons is questionable, however, as the mechanics of burrowing in saturated sediments differ substantially from those of terrestrial crawling ( Dorgan, 2010 ). (biologists.org)
- Activity outside the burrow or den is limited to early morning and late afternoon due to high temperatures during the height of the day. (tolweb.org)
- Golden hamsters, Mesocricetus auratus , collected from a burrow 8 feet deep in a wheat field near Aleppo, Syria, were established as a colony of laboratory animals at the Microbiological Institute of Jerusalem in 1930. (nap.edu)
- Hyperplasia and filament adhesion, with the feeding stage burrowing deep into the fish host's subcutaneous skin layer. (wetwebmedia.com)
- Their personalities differ in terms of how immaculately they keep their burrows," Mason said. (newyorker.com)
- Burrowing incurs a low cost per unit of time. (biologists.org)
- deRivera CE (2005) Long searches for male-defended breeding burrows allow female fiddler crabs, Uca crenulata , to release larvae on time. (springer.com)
- Myxomatosis was introduced to Macquarie in 1978, but over time rabbits developed an immunity to it. (smh.com.au)
- Fossorial rodents, in the wild, spend much of their time in burrows. (gentoo.net)
- Pygmy gerbil are an example of secondary modifiers, as they do not build an original burrow, but will live inside a burrow made by other animals and improve or change some aspects of the burrow for their own purpose. (wikipedia.org)
- Burrow systems of Iranian jerboa (Allactaga firouzi womochel, 1978). (thefreedictionary.com)
- However, because burrowing worms travel at slow speeds, the increase in metabolic rate due to burrowing is predicted to be small. (biologists.org)
- Intuitively, applying small forces that are amplified through mechanical advantage to extend a crack through the substratum should require less work than plastic deformation of the mud, suggesting that external work to burrow was probably overestimated. (biologists.org)
- Specific phylogenetic groups of organisms have also been found in higher numbers in earthworm guts, casts, or burrows, such as Aeromonas hydrophila in Eisenia foetida ( 76 ), fluorescent pseudomonads in Lumbricus terrestris ( 13 ), and Actinobacteria in Lumbricus rubellus ( 41 ). (asm.org)
- A major limitation on measuring the energetic cost of burrowing has been that oxygen consumption measurements in muds are confounded by high abundances of bacteria and fauna that consume oxygen at rates that are difficult to quantify or control. (biologists.org)
- But that word wasn't a thing until at least 1978, when it was first used by author Desmond Bagley in his novel Flyaway . (bestlifeonline.com)
- A trapdoor spider lines its burrow with plaster made from layer upon layer of silk. (newyorker.com)
- Management strategies designed to increase Burrowing Owl foraging success in the Canadian prairies should try to ensure a mosaic of vegetation heights across cover types. (ace-eco.org)
- 1978. Toxicity study in rats dosed with diisopropyl methylphosphonate (DIMP) in their drinking water. (cdc.gov)