The act or practice of killing or allowing death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
The killing of animals for reasons of mercy, to control disease transmission or maintain the health of animal populations, or for experimental purposes (ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION).
Active euthanasia of a patient at the patient's request and/or with the patient's consent.
The act or practice of killing for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person or animal from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
Provision (by a physician or other health professional, or by a family member or friend) of support and/or means that gives a patient the power to terminate his or her own life. (from APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed).
Failing to prevent death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy by the withdrawal or withholding of life-prolonging treatment.
An assertion that an action apparently unobjectionable in itself would set in motion a train of events leading ultimately to an undesirable outcome. (From Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995)
The right of the patient or the patient's representative to make decisions with regard to the patient's dying.
Conceptual response of the person to the various aspects of death, which are based on individual psychosocial and cultural experience.
Persons with an incurable or irreversible illness at the end stage that will result in death within a short time. (From O'Leary et al., Lexikon: Dictionary of Health Care Terms, Organizations, and Acronyms for the Era of Reform, 1994, p780)
Guideline for determining when it is morally permissible to perform an action to pursue a good end with knowledge that the action will also bring about bad results. It generally states that, in cases where a contemplated action has such double effect, the action is permissible only if: it is not wrong in itself; the bad result is not intended; the good result is not a direct causal result of the bad result; and the good result is "proportionate to" the bad result. (from Solomon, "Double Effect," in Becker, The Encyclopedia of Ethics, 1992)
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.
Written, witnessed declarations in which persons request that if they become disabled beyond reasonable expectation of recovery, they be allowed to die rather than be kept alive by extraordinary means. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Transfer of immunity from immunized to non-immune host by administration of serum antibodies, or transplantation of lymphocytes (ADOPTIVE TRANSFER).
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of nurses themselves, their patients, and their fellow practitioners, as well as their actions in the care of patients and in relations with their families.
Medical and nursing care of patients in the terminal stage of an illness.
A phenothiazine that is used in the treatment of PSYCHOSES.
The use of systematic methods of ethical examination, such as CASUISTRY or ETHICAL THEORY, in reasoning about moral problems.
The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.
Persons trained in philosophical or theological ethics who work in clinical, research, public policy, or other settings where they bring their expertise to bear on the analysis of ethical dilemmas in policies or cases. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The doctrines and policies of the Nazis or the National Social German Workers party, which ruled Germany under Adolf Hitler from 1933-1945. These doctrines and policies included racist nationalism, expansionism, and state control of the economy. (from Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. and American Heritage College Dictionary, 3d ed.)
Traumatic or experimentally induced separation of the head from the body in an animal or human.
Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.
The science and technology dealing with the procurement, breeding, care, health, and selection of animals used in biomedical research and testing.
Derivatives of BENZOIC ACID that contain one or more amino groups attached to the benzene ring structure. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that include the aminobenzoate structure.
Compliance by health personnel or proxies with the stipulations of ADVANCE DIRECTIVES (or similar directives such as RESUSCITATION ORDERS) when patients are unable to direct their own care.
Declarations by patients, made in advance of a situation in which they may be incompetent to decide about their own care, stating their treatment preferences or authorizing a third party to make decisions for them. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
The study of religion and religious belief, or a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings (from online Cambridge Dictionary of American English, 2000 and WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database, 1997)
The teaching ascribed to Gautama Buddha (ca. 483 B.C.) holding that suffering is inherent in life and that one can escape it into nirvana by mental and moral self-purification. (Webster, 3d ed)
The absence of a useful purpose or useful result in a diagnostic procedure or therapeutic intervention. The situation of a patient whose condition will not be improved by treatment or instances in which treatment preserves permanent unconsciousness or cannot end dependence on intensive medical care. (From Ann Intern Med 1990 Jun 15;112(12):949)
Care alleviating symptoms without curing the underlying disease. (Stedman, 25th ed)
An adrenergic alpha-2 agonist used as a sedative, analgesic and centrally acting muscle relaxant in VETERINARY MEDICINE.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
A massive slaughter, especially the systematic mass extermination of European Jews in Nazi concentration camps prior to and during World War II.
Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.
An evanescent cutaneous reaction occurring when antibody is injected into a local area on the skin and antigen is subsequently injected intravenously along with a dye. The dye makes the rapidly occurring capillary dilatation and increased vascular permeability readily visible by leakage into the reaction site. PCA is a sensitive reaction for detecting very small quantities of antibodies and is also a method for studying the mechanisms of immediate hypersensitivity.
The killing of one person by another.
Drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients cannot be easily aroused but respond purposely following repeated painful stimulation. The ability to independently maintain ventilatory function may be impaired. (From: American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines)
The ability to understand the nature and effect of the act in which the individual is engaged. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed).
The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The branch of philosophy that treats of first principles, including ontology (the nature of existence or being) and cosmology (the origin and structure of the universe). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The process by which individuals internalize standards of right and wrong conduct.
An approach to ethics that focuses on theories of the importance of general principles such as respect for autonomy, beneficence/nonmaleficence, and justice.
A philosophically coherent set of propositions (for example, utilitarianism) which attempts to provide general norms for the guidance and evaluation of moral conduct. (from Beauchamp and Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 4th ed)
A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)
Passive euthanasia (known as "pulling the plug") is legal under some circumstances in many countries. Active euthanasia, ... Passive euthanasia entails the withholding treatment necessary for the continuance of life. Active euthanasia entails the use ... "Euthanasia and beyond: on the Supreme Court's verdict SC Constitution Bench holds passive euthanasia, living wills permissible ... Active voluntary euthanasia is legal in Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Passive voluntary euthanasia is legal ...
He argued that, if we allow passive euthanasia, we should also allow active euthanasia, because it is more humane, and because ... p. 389 Official website James Rachels, selected writings on animal rights Text of "Active and Passive Euthanasia". ... "Active and Passive Euthanasia", which originally appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine, and argued that the ... He argued for moral vegetarianism and animal rights, affirmative action, euthanasia, and the idea that parents should give as ...
... can be divided into passive or active variants. Passive euthanasia entails the withholding of common ... passive euthanasia) rather than a physical extermination, an act termed as "exposure". Child euthanasia in Nazi Germany Coup de ... Passive non-voluntary euthanasia (withholding life support) is legal in various countries, such as India, Albania, and many ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "India joins select nations in legalising "passive euthanasia"". The Hindu. Chennai, ...
The term right to die has been interpreted in many ways, including issues of suicide, passive euthanasia, active euthanasia, ... "Euthanasia & Physician-Assisted Suicide (PAS) around the World". euthanasia.procon.org - Euthanasia- ProCon.org. 2016-07-20. ... Since 2018, the Supreme Court of India has legalized passive euthanasia in India during a case involving Aruna Shanbaug under ... "Euthanasia law takes effect in Australia's Victoria state". Reuters. 2019-06-19. Retrieved 2019-06-25. "Voluntary euthanasia ...
Gabriel Kolko, 81, American historian and author, passive euthanasia. Mario Missiroli, 80, Italian director. Zbigniew ... William R. Roy, 88, American politician and physician, member of the U.S. House of Reps for Kansas's 2nd District (1971-1975), ... Butler Derrick, 77, American politician, member of the House of Representatives for South Carolina (1975-1995) and SC House of ... Leonard Quilty, 94, Canadian politician, member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario (1958-1975). Sam W. Russell, 68, ...
... adherence to the Christian faith proved compatible with at least passive acquiescence in, if not active support for, the Nazi ... his leadership of Catholic opposition to Nazi euthanasia had led to "the strongest, most explicit and most widespread protest ... 1975). Dachau: The Official History 1933-1945. Norfolk Press. ISBN 0-85211-009-X; p.138 William L. Shirer; The Rise and Fall of ...
In Galen's famous 1941 anti-euthanasia sermons, he denounced the confiscations of church properties. He attacked the Gestapo ... who feared the increasing protests by the Catholic part of German population might result in passive rebellions and thereby ... Under pressure from growing protests, Hitler halted the main euthanasia program on 24 August 1941, though less systematic ... and religious and criticised the euthanasia programme. In an attempt to cow Galen, the police raided his sister's convent, and ...
In Galen's famous 1941 anti-euthanasia sermons, he denounced the confiscations of church properties. He attacked the Gestapo ... intransigent with the passive and amenable, but accommodating with the high-handed and ruthless. In the last century it ... including passive resistance by the Church in general and the excommunication of collaborating priests, has been used as ... 234-35 Paul Berben; Dachau: The Official History 1933-1945; Norfolk Press; London; 1975; ISBN 0-85211-009-X; p. 142 Paul Berben ...
1942: Quit India by Mohandas K. Gandhi also known as Mahatma Gandhi, calling for determined, but passive, resistance against ... public denunciations of Third Reich euthanasia programs and persecution of the Catholic Church. 1941: Four Freedoms, in which ... 1975: No More Than a Piece of Paper, the Israeli response to United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379, that Zionism is " ... 1975: Nothing will save the governor-general, Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitlam's reaction to the dissolution of ...
As the father is "active and strong" and the child is "passive or weak", the mother is the "median term between the two ... The party opposes abortion, euthanasia, harm reduction, gay adoptions, in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) for gay couples and gay ... Family values politics reached their apex under the social conservative administration of the Third National Government (1975- ... claim in New Zealand is the continuing criminality of cannabis possession and use under New Zealand's Misuse of Drugs Act 1975 ...
"Hitler's Euthanasia Decree". Retrieved 15 March 2015. Bernstein, N.A. (1947). O postroenii dvijeniy [On the construction of ... proposed three major ways in which genes and environments act together to shape human behavior, coining the terms passive, ... on 20 September Adolf Hitler signed the Euthanasia Decree, written by psychologist Max de Crinis, resulting in the Aktion T4 ... 1975 - Mary Wright became the first chair of the new Task Force on the Status of Women in Canadian Psychology. 1975 - Robert ...
... there was passive resistance, which later became known as the Battle of the Ruhr (Ruhrkampf). In Erkelenz this passive ... "Euthanasia Programme", known after the war as Action T4. This programme of Nazi violence saw the systematic murder of those ... 8 ff., 17 ff., 153 f. Josef Lennartz, Als Erkelenz in Trümmer sank, Stadt Erkelenz 1975, pp. 4 ff., 52 ff., 102 ff. Jack ... Martin Bünermann; Heinz Köstering (1975), Die Gemeinden and Kreise nach der kommunalen Gebietsreform in Nordrhein-Westfalen (in ...
Friedlander, Henry (1995). The Origins of Nazi Genocide: From Euthanasia to the Final Solution. Chapel Hill, NC: University of ... collaboration and lack of passive or armed resistance". He goes on to echo the early critics of (the no longer marginalized) ... Dawidowicz, Lucy S. (1990) [1975]. The War Against the Jews, 1933-1945 (New ed.). London: Penguin Books. ... 1975). Pacy, James S. and Wertheimer, Alan P. (ed.) Perspectives on the Holocaust: Essays in honor of Raul Hilberg (Westview ...
"Euthanasia: Is Merciful Release Wrong? "Yes"" (1950) Albee, Edward: "Does THeatre Have a Future? The Players Look Forward..." ( ... "Active and Passive Failures" (1934) Adler, Mortimer J.: "The Tragic Nature of Human Happiness" (1950), "The Questions Science ... "Euthanasia: Is Merciful Release Wrong? "No"" and "Is Psychology Replacing Theology?" (1950) Pound, Dean Roscoe: "The Task of ... 1975) Erskine, John: "This Is a Good Time to Live" (1941) Evers, Charles: "The Man Who Cares" (1970) Eytinge, Louis Victor: " ...
Passive flexion may be used to help maintain range of motion in a joint, especially following joint surgery which can ... It usually occurs weeks to months after the initial cause of lameness, and greatly increases the likelihood of euthanasia of ... Support-limb laminitis was the primary cause for euthanasia of the racehorse Barbaro. In cases of severe unilateral lameness, ... often as final effort to avoid euthanasia. This procedure may be performed standing under local anesthesia. The DDFT is cut at ...
McKnight and Goodman have argued persuasively that a distinction ought to be made between the passive reception of converts or ... 9-11 See: Martyrdom "Judaism and Euthanasia". Archived from the original on 6 May 2006. Retrieved 16 April 2007. Karl Josef von ... M. Steinberg, 1975 Basic Judaism p. 108, New York: Harcourt, Brace Jovanovich Spiegel, 1993 "Trinity > Judaic and Islamic ...
Much more common was what would now be called "dropping out"-a passive refusal to take part in official youth culture and a ... This was the programme of so-called "euthanasia"-in fact a campaign of mass murder-directed at people with mental illness and/ ... Rumours began to circulate that these men would also be subject to "euthanasia," although no such plans existed. Catholic anger ... This led to more outspoken protests against the "euthanasia" programme. In July, the Bishop of Münster, Clemens August Graf von ...
When the bishop of Munster led the public protest against Nazi euthanasia, Bormann called for him to be hanged. In 1941, he ... Galen's public protest came after he had been given proof of the killings; advising passive resistance only, he was not ... In 1939, Germany began a programme of euthanasia in which those deemed "racially unfit" would be "euthanised". The senile, the ... Techniques learnt in the euthanasia programme were later used in the Holocaust. Pius XII issued his Mystici corporis Christi ...
... and forced the euthanasia program underground. Unlike the Nazi euthanasia murder of invalids, which the church led protests ... The protest of the bishops is seen by various historians as a turning point in the formerly passive response of the Catholic ... The Jews later termed the tragedy The Holocaust (or Shoah). Hitler's order for the T4 Euthanasia Program was dated 1 September ... "euthanasia". This was the first of the regime's infamous series of mass extermination programmes, which saw the Nazis attempt ...
... "passive complicity" is a better description than "indifference", have largely agreed with Kershaw that there was a chasm of ... even while it did protest against the euthanasia program. Third was the so-called völkisch antisemitism or racism, the most ... It required a state." Rosenbaum asked Goldhagen about Richard Levy's 1975 book The Downfall of the Anti-Semitic Political ...
It was not only about passive resistance, but also actively about defeating National Socialism. For example, the Catholic ... He emphasised several church teachings, including moral exhortations against abortion, euthanasia, and against widespread use ... abortion and euthanasia by condemning them as part of a "culture of death" and calling instead for a "culture of life". Many ... 1975), Brazil (1977), Spain (1981), Ireland (1996), Chile (2004) and Malta (2011), while the Philippines and the Vatican City ...
Unlike the Nazi euthanasia murder of invalids, which the church led protests against, the Final Solution liquidation of the ... The protest of the bishops is seen by various historians as a turning point in the formerly passive response of the Catholic ... It followed the commencement of Nazi Germany's programs of "euthanasia" of the handicapped, and race-based murders of Jews and ... Thus when Bishop August von Galen of Münster delivered his famous 1941 denunciations of Nazi euthanasia and the lawlessness of ...
When the Tax Reform Act of 1986 closed the tax-sheltering "passive investment" loophole, limiting the use of horse farms as tax ... Two are inevitably fatal, two are not inherently fatal but are disabling and usually result in euthanasia of the affected ... and a diagnosis of CA can be verified by examining the brain after euthanasia. Occipital Atlanto-Axial Malformation (OAAM). ... ISBN 978-1-57076-162-1. Greely, Margaret (1975). Arabian Exodus (Revised edition 1985 ed.). London: J A Allen. ISBN 978-0-85131 ...
The massive Catholic opposition to the Nazi euthanasia programs led them to be quieted on 28 August 1941, (according to ... who feared that the increasing protests by the Catholic segment of the German population might result in passive rebellions and ... Norfolk Press 1975, pp. 276-277 Gerhard L. Weinberg (18 May 2012). Hitler's Foreign Policy 1933-1939: The Road to World War II ...
... saving them from imminent euthanasia. In 2019 a female was observed caring for a juvenile melon-headed whale, the first ... an experimental test of the passive listening hypothesis". Animal Behaviour. 69 (3): 709-720. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2004.06.020 ... Herman, L. M.; Peacock, M. F.; Yunker, M. P.; Madsen, C. (1975). "Bottlenosed dolphin: Double-slit pupil yields equivalent ...
Siegel, Ronald K.; West, Louis Jolyon (1975). Hallucinations: Behavior, Experience, and Theory. ISBN 978-1-135-16726-4.. ... In Hallucinations: Behavior, Experience, and Theory (1975), senior US government researchers Louis Jolyon West and Ronald K. ...
Denti, A.; Dimant, B.; Maldonado, H. (1988). "Passive avoidance learning in the crab Chasmagnathus granulatus". Physiology & ... Insect euthanasia. *Pain in animals. *Pain in crustaceans. *Pain in fish. *Pain and suffering in laboratory animals ...
When the Tax Reform Act of 1986 closed the tax-sheltering "passive investment" loophole, limiting the use of horse farms as tax ... Two are inevitably fatal, two are not inherently fatal but are disabling and usually result in euthanasia of the affected ... and a diagnosis of CA can be verified by examining the brain after euthanasia.[51] ... Greely, Margaret (1975). Arabian Exodus (Revised edition 1985 ed.). London: J A Allen. ISBN 0-85131-223-3.. ...
Johnson ruled that separation would not be murder but a case of "passive euthanasia" in which food and hydration would be ... However, in its landmark opinion, it allowed passive euthanasia in India. 2011 - AH v West London Mental Health Trust was a ... "India joins select nations in legalising "passive euthanasia"". The Hindu. 7 March 2011. Secrecy of tribunals challenged by ... With the help of Associazione Luca Coscioni, he fought for his right to die but his attempted euthanasia was blocked by the ...
Passive euthanasia (known as "pulling the plug") is legal under some circumstances in many countries. Active euthanasia, ... Passive euthanasia entails the withholding treatment necessary for the continuance of life. Active euthanasia entails the use ... "Euthanasia and beyond: on the Supreme Courts verdict SC Constitution Bench holds passive euthanasia, living wills permissible ... Active voluntary euthanasia is legal in Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Passive voluntary euthanasia is legal ...
Non-voluntary euthanasia can be divided into passive or active variants. Passive euthanasia entails the withholding of common ... passive euthanasia) rather than a physical extermination, an act termed as "exposure". Child euthanasia in Nazi Germany Coup de ... Passive non-voluntary euthanasia (withholding life support) is legal in various countries, such as India, Albania, and many ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "India joins select nations in legalising "passive euthanasia"". The Hindu. Chennai, ...
"A reply to Rachels on active and passive euthanasia," in Medical responsibility, ed. W. L. Robinson, Clifton, N.J.: Humana ... "Active and passive euthanasia," New England Journal of Medicine, 292: 78-80. ... Sartre, J. P., 1975. "Existentialism is a Humanism," in Existentialism from Dostoyevsky to Sartre, ed. W. Kaufmann, New York: ... Nell, O., 1975. Acting on principle: An essay on Kantian ethics, New York: Columbia University Press. ...
Passive euthanasia occurs when the patient dies because the medical professionals either dont do something necessary to keep ... Rachels J. Active and Passive Euthanasia. New England Journal of Medicine 1975; 292:78 - 80. ... and it is worth reading the review of active and passive euthanasia by Rachels (1975)27. Active euthanasia occurs when the ... The debate about this issue clearly overlaps with wider debate about the right to die and euthanasia, ...
... all health care-related professional codes of ethics find passive euthanasia to be morally allowable but active euthanasia to ... That is, Rachels argues that there are, indeed, no relevant moral differences between active and passive euthanasia, and that, ... This distinction between active and passive euthanasia has been, historically, the focal point of the most controversy ... Human Death: Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide. Euthanasia is an intervention in the standard medical course of ...
Even the passive form of euthanasia-withdrawing treatment rather than making a direct intervention-can fail. This was ... See also: Euthanasia ; Hippocratic Oath ; Hospice Option ; Kevorkian, Jack ; Natural Death Acts ; Pain and Pain Management ; ... It appears that when the pact is aborted it is frequently because the passive member changes his or her mind and saves the ... Mishara, Brian L. The Right to Die and the Right to Live: Perspectives on Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide. In A. Leenaars, M ...
Active and Passive Euthanasia. New Engl J Med 1975; 292:78-80. ... It is entirely clear what euthanasia is and what it will ... Autonomy Interests, Justice and Active Medical Euthanasia. In New Directions in the Ethics of Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia. ... But what of the claim that it is not in the patients best interests? In the case of euthanasia, this is among the more ... Cowley lauds the success of the Dutch system of a register of doctors willing to perform euthanasia.39 As he notes, this works ...
Is Euthanasia Ethical?. June 1997. By Richard Layton. "The distinction between active and passive euthanasia is widely thought ... Rachels argues that active euthanasia may be more humane than passive euthanasia, that the conventional doctrine leads one to ... distinction between active and passive euthanasia is mere jargon; the AMA resolution on euthanasia does not state or imply the ... He argued that that approach was based upon a faulty psychology in which the child was thought of as a passive creature upon ...
Active and Passive Euthanasia - can helpfully identify factors that are relevant to ethical analysis, as well as factors that ... Comparing parallel cases - for example as James Rachels did in his now famous 1975 paper ...
The End of Life: Euthanasia and Morality. Oxford: Oxford University Press 1986. A defense of euthanasia, active and passive, ... A bioethical treatise with detailed deontological analyses of euthanasia and allocation of scare organs for transplant. ... cover voluntary euthanasia? Can children or mentally ill patients give informed consent at least for some procedures? Can ... Huntington, NY: Robert E. Krieger Publishing, 1975. An English hospital code adapted by the American Medical Association in ...
Active and Passive Euthanasia by James Rachels (1975) Active and Passive Euthanasia by James Rachels (1975) Abstract The ... traditional distinction between active and passive euthanasia requires critical analysis. The conventional doctrine is that ...
Active and Passive Euthanasia by James Rachels (1975) Active and Passive Euthanasia by James Rachels (1975) Abstract The ... traditional distinction between active and passive euthanasia requires critical analysis. The conventional doctrine is that ...
Make research projects and school reports about euthanasia easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and ... Euthanasia, on the other hand, is usually separated into two categories: passive euthanasia and active euthanasia. In many ... Voluntary euthanasia, the taking of life with the consent of the patient, is legal in the Netherlands. Passive euthanasia, the ... That being so, "passive euthanasia" is not euthanasia, since death, when it comes-not everyone who has life-sustaining ...
"There are two types of Euthanasia, active and passive. Active Euthanasia is death by commission. Passive Euthanasia is death by ... Passive vs Active Euthanasia Essay ...Passive vs. Active Euthanasia Natural Law Theory states that an action is only considered ... Active and Passive Euthanasia 2 Essay ...In this dissertation we will explore active and passive euthanasia, the brouhaha ... Essay on Active And Passive Euthanasia ...Jamaal Williams Phil 305 Paper #1 Active and Passive Euthanasia In the popular ...
These can also be divided into passive or active euthanasia. Active euthanasia occurs when a medical professional or another ... Passive euthanasia occurs when the patient dies because the medical professionals withheld or withdrew treatment such as life ... Voluntary euthanasia occurs where the patient makes an informed decision to die and asks for help to do so. Active euthanasia ... Proponents of euthanasia however, argue that euthanasia would never be legalised unless there is proper regulation and control ...
Euthanasia and Suicide Essay 】for free from best writers of Artscolumbia ✅ Largest assortment of free essays ✅ Find what you ... The definition of Euthanasia depends on whether it is activeor passive. Active Euthanasia i only allowed in Holland, and ... Disadvantages Of Euthanasia Essay 317 Words , 2 Pages In relation to the topic of euthanasia, I believe that the main moral ... Euthanasia Should Be Abolished Essay 419 Words , 2 Pages Euthanasia is the painless, intentional death of a person who is ...
The "Living Will" is only the first of three major steps in the pro-euthanasia strategy. The second is passive euthanasia ( ... Pro-euthanasia activists consider the "Living Will" just the first step on the road to active, involuntary euthanasia of those ... As with the other aspects of euthanasia, we need only to look to Holland for a vivid picture of the future of the "Living Will ... The "Living Will" is defined by pro-euthanasia groups as a document by which a person can assert, in writing, a desire not to ...
Euthanasia, Passive MeSH Medical Futility MeSH Withholding Treatment MeSH DeCS ID:. 29108 ...
Professor Schafer says physicians have been practicing "passive euthanasia" without complaint for years, and "If it also ... Andrew Coyne of the National Post demurs, and points out that between January 1975 and March 1990 an average of only one murder ...
"Rachels on the Distinction between Active and Passive Euthanasia." Social Ethics. Ed. T. Mappes and J. Zembaty. New York: ... "The Definition of Euthanasia." Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 4 (1979).. *Tom Beauchamp. "Blackstone and the Problem of ... Euthanasia, Physician-Assisted Suicide, and Hemlock Society." Encarta 97. Ed. n/a. Seattle: Microsoft Corporation, 1997. ... Intending Death: The Ethics of Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia. Prentice-Hall, 1996. ...
... passive and active euthanasia; informed consent; gender identity problems and transsexualism; the double effect; fetal ... Declaration on Euthanasia. Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, 1980 (No. 704-9). ... This type of thinking was the very first step taken by the Anglicans in 1930, and inevitably leads to abortion and euthanasia. ... euthanasia; it can prepare the way for those forms of genetic engineering that go against life, the dangers of which are not ...
Euthanasia - legislation & jurisprudence Euthanasia, Passive - legislation & jurisprudence Humans Malpractice - legislation & ... Active and passive euthanasia: the cases of Drs. Claudio Alberto de la Rocha and Nancy Morrison. https://arctichealth.org/en/ ... 1975 Jan 9;292(2):78-801109443 Comment In: CMAJ. 1999 Sep 21;161(6):68510513269 Comment In: CMAJ. 1999 Jul 13;161(1):18, ...
Old People Are Useless !. AGING: The process of growing old - IT WILL HAPPEN to YOU !!!!. In 1975 Þ 350 million people over 60 ... EUTHANASIA: Mercy killing.. INDIRECT INVOLUNTARY. (PASSIVE) -. remove life support. DIRECT VOLUNTARY. administer fatal drug as ... Old People Are Useless !. AGING: The process of growing old - IT WILL HAPPEN to YOU !!!!. In 1975 Þ 350 million people over 60 ...
Legality of euthanasia. Read the full essay now! ... This 1598 word essay is about Euthanasia, Medical ethics, ... Euthanasia raises many religious, medical, and ethical issues. Euthanasia can either be active or passive. Active euthanasia ... Euthanasia - Response To Anti Euthanasia Essay. Euthanasia - Response to Anti Euthanasia Essay Euthanasia is a topic that ... Legality of euthanasia, Religious views on euthanasia Essays Related to Life Or Death. Euthanasia. Euthanasia Euthanasia, which ...
24 Active and Passive Euthanasia 248. James Rachels. 25 Is Killing No Worse Than Letting Die? 252. Winston Nesbitt ... 40 Trends in End ]of ]Life Practices Before and After the Enactment of the Euthanasia Law in the Netherlands from 1990 to 2010 ... 41 Euthanasia in the Netherlands: What Lessons for Elsewhere? 377. Bernard Lo ... He is the author, co-author, or editor of more than 40 books, including Animal Liberation (first published in 1975), widely ...
Euthanasia, on the other hand, is usually separated into two categories: passive euthanasia and active euthanasia. In many ... Somewhat of a hybrid between passive and active euthanasia is physician-assisted suicide (PAS), also known as voluntary passive ... In active euthanasia, a person directly intends to cause death and uses available means to achieve this end. In passive ... jurisdictions, active euthanasia can be considered murder or Manslaughter, whereas passive euthanasia is accepted by ...
Part of Scientologys creation mythos advocates passive acceptance of what basically constitutes galactic genocide as part ... euthanasia or suicide are causally incorporated into their belief systems; even in their interpersonal relationships with ... Commission in 1975. MK-ULTRA is now obviously a matter of public record. As you stated, all of the scanned CIA MK-ULTRA ... 1975). To the best of my knowledge, the United States Patent Office does not give patent numbers to inventions that do not work ...
Compare euthanasia, passive-euthanasia, and physician-assisted suicide.. *Characterize bereavement and grief. ... Kübler-Ross, E. (1975). Death; The final stage of growth. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall. ...
There were no questions about withholding or withdrawing treatment, active or passive euthanasia, ordinary or ... by hospital officials on the grounds that to remove the patients respirator support in order to let her die was euthanasia-the ... Having lapsed into a coma in April 1975 as a result of the combined effects of alcohol, Valium, and, possibly, Librium, she was ...
In such cases their removal is tantamount to passive euthanasia (killing by omission). ... This is euthanasia by omission rather than by positive lethal action, but it is just as really euthanasia in its intent. ... By euthanasia is understood an action or an omission which of itself or by intention causes death, in order that all suffering ... Euthanasias terms of reference, therefore, are to be found in the intention of the will and in the methods used.(31) ...
  • Euthanasia is categorized in different ways, which include voluntary, non-voluntary, or involuntary: Voluntary euthanasia is legal in a growing number of countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Involuntary euthanasia (without asking consent or against the patient's will) is illegal in all countries and is usually considered murder. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] It contrasts with involuntary euthanasia, when euthanasia is performed against the will of the patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • Non-voluntary euthanasia is cited as one of the possible outcomes of the slippery slope argument against euthanasia, in which it is claimed that permitting voluntary euthanasia to occur will lead to the support and legalization of non-voluntary and involuntary euthanasia, although other ethicists have contested this idea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Involuntary or nonvoluntary euthanasia" is the mercy killing of a medically or legally incompetent person, such as a child or a demented elderly patient, at the request of, or by, a caregiver or family member. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Pro-euthanasia activists consider the "Living Will" just the first step on the road to active, involuntary euthanasia of those considered to be useless to society. (ewtn.com)
  • It states that euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide are not punishable if the attending physician acts in accordance with criteria of due care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prior to the establishment of that law, euthanasia and assisted suicide in the Netherlands were already tolerated for many years, as for example described by G. van der Wal and R. J. Dillmann in 1994. (wikipedia.org)
  • Assisted suicide is closely related to euthanasia. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In the context of the modern moral and public policy debates, the motive in assisted suicide, as in euthanasia, is to bring about an end to suffering. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The Hippocratic oath explicitly prohibited doctors from giving their patients poisons to end life and thus, traditionally, euthanasia and assisted suicide have not been considered legitimate medical acts. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Internationally, both euthanasia and assisted suicide are almost universally outlawed. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Euthanasia and assisted suicide, while technically illegal, are practiced widely by doctors in the Netherlands . (encyclopedia.com)
  • The "Living Will" is seen as a publicly-acceptable way to introduce the agenda of legalized active euthanasia, suicide, and assisted suicide. (ewtn.com)
  • The practice of voluntary euthanasia and assisted suicide would cause society to devalue all life, especially the lives of the dying, the disabled, and the elderly. (freeessay.com)
  • Somewhat of a hybrid between passive and active euthanasia is physician-assisted suicide (PAS), also known as voluntary passive euthanasia. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Compare euthanasia, passive-euthanasia, and physician-assisted suicide. (lumenlearning.com)
  • AGS Ethics Committee, Physician-Assisted Suicide and Voluntary Active Euthanasia. (euthanasia.cc)
  • Non-voluntary euthanasia (patient's consent unavailable) is legal in some countries under certain limited conditions, in both active and passive forms. (wikipedia.org)
  • As of 2006[update] euthanasia had become the most active area of research in bioethics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Active euthanasia, however, is legal or de facto legal in only a handful of countries (for example: Belgium, Canada and Switzerland), which limit it to specific circumstances and require the approval of counselors and doctors or other specialists. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some countries - such as Nigeria, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan - support for active euthanasia is almost non-existent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Non-voluntary euthanasia can be divided into passive or active variants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Active euthanasia entails the use of lethal substances or forces, such as administering a lethal injection, to kill and is the most controversial means. (wikipedia.org)
  • Active non-voluntary euthanasia is illegal in all countries in the world, although it is practised in the Netherlands on infants (see below) under an agreement between physicians and district attorneys. (wikipedia.org)
  • Active euthanasia on newborns is illegal throughout the world, with the de facto exception of the Netherlands mentioned above. (wikipedia.org)
  • Comparing parallel cases - for example as James Rachels did in his now famous 1975 paper ' Active and Passive Euthanasia' - can helpfully identify factors that are relevant to ethical analysis, as well as factors that aren't relevant. (georgetown.edu)
  • Home Essays Active and Passive. (studymode.com)
  • Abstract The traditional distinction between active and passive euthanasia requires critical analysis. (studymode.com)
  • First of all, active euthanasia is in many cases more humane than passive euthanasia. (studymode.com)
  • N Engl J Med 292:78-80, 1975) The distinction between active and passive euthanasia is thought to be crucial for medical ethics. (studymode.com)
  • This fact provides strong reason for thinking that, once the initial decision not to prolong his agony has been made active euthanasia is actually preferable to passive euthanasia, rather than the reverse. (studymode.com)
  • Active and Passive Euthanasia " by James Rachels Author's Thesis: There is no principal difference between active euthanasia and passive euthanasia . (studymode.com)
  • I believe that elderly suicide is an example of active euthanasia, and therefore it is important to discuss the issue to have a better understanding of the social problem of euthanasia and suicide. (artscolumbia.org)
  • I will try to use Emile Durkheims social integration theory to explain the causes of active euthanasia, and suicide in general. (artscolumbia.org)
  • I believe that both show a lack of social integration can increase the likelihood of suicide, and active euthanasia by those that lack coping skills, suffer from depression, have mental problems, and no longer value life. (artscolumbia.org)
  • Active and passive euthanasia: the cases of Drs. Claudio Alberto de la Rocha and Nancy Morrison. (arctichealth.org)
  • Adding the adjective active alters the meaning of euthanasia . (freeessay.com)
  • Far more controversial, active euthanasia involves causing the death of a person through a direct action, in response to a request from that person. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A well-known example of active euthanasia was the death of a terminally ill Michigan patient on September 17, 1998. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Voluntary Active Euthanasia: When, at the request of the patient, a physician administers a medication or treatment, the sole intent of which is to end the patient's life. (euthanasia.cc)
  • Here we examined the passive versus active nature of whole-animal adhesion in geckos by comparing clings before and immediately after death. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Legislation on euthanasia in Canada distinguishes between passive and active euthanasia, although the active procedure remains illegal. (blogspot.com)
  • Active euthanasia comes about when someone other than the patient brings about the death of the patient generally with the patient's blessing. (blogspot.com)
  • In recent years, several public cases of active euthanasia have re-opened the debate on what Canadian society considers to be socially and morally acceptable in terms of euthanasia. (blogspot.com)
  • In "Medical Science Under Dictatorship," Dr. Alexander, a distinguished American psychiatrist, warns us, "from small beginnings" the values of an entire society may be subverted and led to the horrors of (active) euthanasia, gruesome and unscientific medical experimentation, and ultimately, death in government clinics, and later --- in concentration camps. (haciendapub.com)
  • Active euthanasia (giving overdose). (brilliantnurse.com)
  • Fields vary hugely along several dimensions, including (1) primary sources of funding (e.g. large philanthropists, many small donors, governments, companies), (2) whether engaged philanthropists were "active" or "passive" in their funding strategy, and (3) how much the growth of the field can be attributed to endogenous factors (e.g. explicit movement-building work) vs. exogenous factors (e.g. changing geopolitical conditions). (openphilanthropy.org)
  • Non-voluntary euthanasia is euthanasia conducted when the explicit consent of the individual concerned is unavailable, such as when the person is in a persistent vegetative state, or in the case of young children. (wikipedia.org)
  • The different possible situations considered non-voluntary euthanasia are when the decision to end the life of the patient is 1) based on what the incapacitated individual would have wanted if they could be asked, 2) based on what the decision maker would want if he or she were in the patient's place, and 3) made by a doctor based on their own criteria and reasoning. (wikipedia.org)
  • Passive non-voluntary euthanasia (withholding life support) is legal in various countries, such as India, Albania, and many parts of the United States and is practiced in English hospitals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Non-voluntary euthanasia has been heavily debated. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a 1994 study, of the studied 5000 requests in the Netherlands, in about 1000 of the cases, doctors prescribed drugs with the explicit goal of shortening the patient's life without the explicit request of the patient, which can be considered cases of non-voluntary euthanasia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Voluntary euthanasia" is when a person is killed upon that person's request for reasons of ending suffering. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Counterexamples can be given: such definitions may encompass killing a person suffering from an incurable disease for personal gain (such as to claim an inheritance), and commentators such as Tom Beauchamp and Arnold Davidson have argued that doing so would constitute "murder simpliciter" rather than euthanasia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Euthanasia is currently illegal and punishable as murder throughout the United States . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Others consider all forms of euthanasia to be murder or suicide and thus immoral. (artscolumbia.org)
  • Andrew Coyne of the National Post demurs, and points out that between January 1975 and March 1990 an average of only one murder conviction every three years was registered against killers on parole. (intelligencer.ca)
  • The Quinlan's decision, however, was opposed by hospital officials on the grounds that to remove the patient's respirator support in order to let her die was euthanasia-the moral and legal equivalent of murder (Pence). (barnardhealth.us)
  • He is the author, co-author, or editor of more than 40 books, including Animal Liberation (first published in 1975), widely credited with triggering the modern animal-rights movement, Practical Ethics (third edition, 2011), In Defense of Animals: The Second Wave (2005), and The Life You Can Save (2009). (wiley.com)
  • A professor of ethics at Princeton University, Singer is the author of Animal Liberation (1975), which instigated the modern animal rights movement. (christiancentury.org)
  • Michael Wreen argued that "the principal thing that distinguishes euthanasia from intentional killing simpliciter is the agent's motive: it must be a good motive insofar as the good of the person killed is concerned. (wikipedia.org)
  • Likewise, James Field argued that euthanasia entails a sense of compassion towards the patient, in contrast to the diverse non-compassionate motives of serial killers who work in health care professions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Passive euthanasia entails the withholding of common treatments, such as antibiotics, necessary for the continuance of life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Euthanasia is sometimes called mercy killing. (artscolumbia.org)
  • Another argument supporting the use of euthanasia is that everyone would benefit if it were legal to show mercy when death becomes preferable over life. (freeessay.com)
  • In late 1975, he joined the staff of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, where he wrote the bulk of The Belmont Report (1978). (georgetown.edu)
  • From 1975 through 1978, Pierce serialized the novel in the Alliance's newsletter, "Attack! (historycommons.org)
  • Euthanasia, at least as the term is presently utilized, involves intentional killing. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Definitions such as that offered by the House of Lords Select committee on Medical Ethics take this path, where euthanasia is defined as "a deliberate intervention undertaken with the express intention of ending a life, to relieve intractable suffering. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since 2004, the Netherlands, also has a protocol to be followed in cases of euthanasia on children under the age of 12 (see also below), which was ratified by the Dutch National Association of Pediatricians, although the practice remains technically illegal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Euthanasia is the practice of painlessly ending the lives of people who have incurable, painful, or distressing diseases or handicaps. (artscolumbia.org)
  • Passive euthanasia (known as "pulling the plug") is legal under some circumstances in many countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some countries divisive public controversy occurs over the moral, ethical, and legal issues associated with euthanasia. (wikipedia.org)
  • I will discuss the ethical and moral aspects of the problem of euthanasia. (artscolumbia.org)
  • Lacunae in legal systems, for example, regarding abortion and euthanasia, additionally are a cause of grave concern for many people. (utm.edu)
  • Deontology And Euthanasia Essay Free. (unas.cz)
  • Euthanasia is translated from Greek as "good death" or "easy death. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In any case, as I delved into the subject of euthanasia, I discovered just how difficult it is for everyone including terminally ill persons, their doctors and their family members to deal with euthanasia and accept it as one way to save terminally ill persons from further pain. (blogspot.com)
  • Euthanasia examined : ethical, clinical and legal perspectives / edited by John Keown. (who.int)
  • The word "euthanasia" was first used in a medical context by Francis Bacon in the 17th century, to refer to an easy, painless, happy death, during which it was a "physician's responsibility to alleviate the 'physical sufferings' of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Euthanasia: Death with Dignity and the Law. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some people also use the term "passive euthanasia" to describe a death that occurs after undesired, life-sustaining medical treatment is withheld or withdrawn. (encyclopedia.com)
  • That being so, "passive euthanasia" is not euthanasia, since death, when it comes - not everyone who has life-sustaining treatment dies as a result of withheld treatment - is naturally caused by the underlying illness or injury. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Euthanasia Euthanasia , which means good or peaceful death, has been practiced through the ages. (freeessay.com)
  • Hastening the death of a person by altering some form of support and letting nature take its course is known as passive euthanasia. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Passive euthanasia also includes giving a patient large doses of morphine to control pain, in spite of the likelihood that the painkiller will suppress respiration and cause death earlier than it otherwise would have happened. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Not only are we murdering the innocents in the womb, but euthanasia is accepted as a kind and caring way to pass the elderly from life to death with deprivation of food and hydration. (newswithviews.com)
  • However, it is argued that this approach fails to properly define euthanasia, as it leaves open a number of possible actions which would meet the requirements of the definition, but would not be seen as euthanasia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because a newborn child is never able to speak for themselves, euthanasia on newborns is by definition non-voluntary. (wikipedia.org)
  • Euthanasia and the newborn : conflicts regarding saving lives / edited by Richard C. McMillan, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., and Stuart F. Spicker. (who.int)
  • As the word is currently understood, euthanasia occurs when one person ends the life of another person for the purpose of ending the killed person's pain or suffering. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Euthanasia is generally defined as the act of killing an incurably ill person out of concern and compassion for that person's suffering. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In 1920, two highly respected German academics, Karl Binding, a law professor, and Alfred Hoche, a physician, wrote Permission to Destroy Life Unworthy of Life , which advocated euthanasia as a compassionate "healing treatment. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Professor Schafer says physicians have been practicing "passive euthanasia" without complaint for years, and "If it also happens that a physician can assist a patient to die, I don't think that that would lead to any very grave problems. (intelligencer.ca)
  • Another argument that is given in favor or euthanasia is that the role of the physician is to do whatever is best for their patient. (freeessay.com)
  • Many dogs discarded by hunters end up withdrawn and wary, often leading to their euthanasia. (spotmagazine.net)
  • The "Living Will" is defined by pro-euthanasia groups as a document by which a person can assert, in writing, a desire not to be kept alive by life-sustaining medical equipment and procedures when his or her condition has been diagnosed as terminal, or under certain other well-defined conditions. (ewtn.com)
  • A 2017 study by researchers from QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute found cancer caused by smoking and passive smoking killed 9921 people in 2013 and accounted for 23 per cent of all cancer deaths. (dailymercury.com.au)
  • It Offers mathematically new to apply two approximate profits Completely firmly if there is some various cloth between the two which is the classical pattern( Singer, 1975). (steventking.com)
  • Similarly, Heather Draper speaks to the importance of motive, arguing that "the motive forms a crucial part of arguments for euthanasia, because it must be in the best interests of the person on the receiving end. (wikipedia.org)
  • I will also discuss variables that influence whether a person supports euthanasia or not, such as religious belief, gender, age, region, educational level, and marital status that influences how a person views the issue. (artscolumbia.org)
  • It was nearly a year before I could tackle the seven-part article entitled, Killing Us Softly about what American Hospice has become, and how the elderly and infirm are disposed of in a timely manner in what is described as both passive and aggressive euthanasia. (newswithviews.com)
  • I think that INCLUDES an unborn child and euthanasia of the elderly. (newswithviews.com)
  • In Colombia euthanasia is legal due to a ruling by that country's supreme court (Republic of Colombia Constitutional Court: Sentence: no. (encyclopedia.com)
  • An early example of documented cases of child euthanasia are those performed by the surgeon Harry J. Haiselden in Chicago in the early 20th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this piece, I am going to submit to my readers the second of three court cases which took place in Canada that dealt with euthanasia. (blogspot.com)
  • Like all cases in which euthanasia is invoked, this case is a particularly sad case. (blogspot.com)
  • The first apparent usage of the term "euthanasia" belongs to the historian Suetonius, who described how the Emperor Augustus, "dying quickly and without suffering in the arms of his wife, Livia, experienced the 'euthanasia' he had wished for. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bacon referred to an "outward euthanasia"-the term "outward" he used to distinguish from a spiritual concept-the euthanasia "which regards the preparation of the soul. (wikipedia.org)
  • In regards to alcohol, in 1960 alcohol consumption averaged around 8.4 litres per person and after liquor laws were loosened it peaked at 13.1 litres per capita in 1975 but drinking rates fell to 9.6 litres per person in 2013. (dailymercury.com.au)
  • These opposing sides have many different reasons for believing what they do, some reasons people give for euthanasia are intriguing and very thought provoking. (freeessay.com)
  • While the views of many people may be against the use of euthanasia, it sad to say that in all actuality it goes on almost everyday. (freeessay.com)
  • While these views and arguments are very interesting and thought provoking there are many more people who believe that euthanasia is wrong. (freeessay.com)
  • EUTHANASIABy Brent M. Pergram, Masters of Arts in SociologyThe specific sociological problem that is the topic of this research paper is euthanasia. (artscolumbia.org)
  • In 1973 while I was in my third year of studying criminology at the University of Toronto, I arrived late in one of my classes and all the topics in which we were to write a paper on were all chosen by my fellow students and the only one left was on the subject of euthanasia. (blogspot.com)
  • HRIG is administered only once (i.e., at the beginning of antirabies prophylaxis) to previously unvaccinated persons to provide immediate, passive, rabies virus neutralizing antibody coverage until the patient responds to HDCV or PCECV by actively producing antibodies. (cdc.gov)
  • Hitler issued the first direct order for euthanasia in Germany on September 1, 1939, as his Panzers moved on the Blitzkrieg of Poland. (haciendapub.com)
  • WHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{Euthanasia. (who.int)
  • The debate of euthanasia has been ongoing for many years and as of now, there is no end in sight. (freeessay.com)
  • But first, I will briefly explain what euthanasia is. (blogspot.com)
  • In this study, we describe a thermally responsive drug delivery platform technology based on the genetically engineered biopolymer elastin-like polypeptide (ELP) that targets solid tumors by combining passive tumor targeting strategy with the application of mild hyperthermia ( 1-6 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • I am a criminologist and since 1975, I have addressed the United Nations conferences on justice and human rights 15 times in Europe, Africa, South America and Asia. (blogspot.com)
  • ACIP recommends that prophylaxis for the prevention of rabies in humans exposed to rabies virus should include prompt and thorough wound cleansing followed by passive rabies immunization with human rabies immune globulin (HRIG) and vaccination with a cell culture rabies vaccine. (cdc.gov)
  • In fact, the original concept of the "Living Will" originated with these pro-euthanasia groups. (ewtn.com)
  • The purpose of this research is to identify the variables associated with euthanasia. (artscolumbia.org)
  • A few proposals to legalize euthanasia were made in the United States and Germany during the latter portion of the nineteenth century. (encyclopedia.com)
  • [11] The Catholic Church's firm resistance to Bismarck and Kulturkampf , including passive resistance by the Church in general and the excommunication of collaborating priests, has been used as benchmark for assessing the Church's response to the Nazis from the early 1930s through World War II. (wikipedia.org)

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