War Crimes: Criminal acts committed during, or in connection with, war, e.g., maltreatment of prisoners, willful killing of civilians, etc.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.War: Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.Gulf War: United Nations' action to intervene in conflict between the nation of Kuwait and occupying Iraqi forces, occurring from 1990 through 1991.Clinical Trials as Topic: Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Crime Victims: Individuals subjected to and adversely affected by criminal activity. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Persian Gulf Syndrome: Unexplained symptoms reported by veterans of the Persian Gulf War with Iraq in 1991. The symptoms reported include fatigue, skin rash, muscle and joint pain, headaches, loss of memory, shortness of breath, gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms, and extreme sensitivity to commonly occurring chemicals. (Nature 1994 May 5;369(6475):8)Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Malaysia: A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)National Socialism: The doctrines and policies of the Nazis or the National Social German Workers party, which ruled Germany under Adolf Hitler from 1933-1945. These doctrines and policies included racist nationalism, expansionism, and state control of the economy. (from Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. and American Heritage College Dictionary, 3d ed.)Massage: The systematic and methodical manipulations of body tissues best performed with the hands for the purpose of affecting the nervous and muscular systems and the general circulation.MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Holocaust: A massive slaughter, especially the systematic mass extermination of European Jews in Nazi concentration camps prior to and during World War II.Concentration Camps: Facilities in which WARFARE or political prisoners are confined.Cadaver: A dead body, usually a human body.Skull: The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.DNA, Viral: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Epilepsy, Absence: A childhood seizure disorder characterized by rhythmic electrical brain discharges of generalized onset. Clinical features include a sudden cessation of ongoing activity usually without loss of postural tone. Rhythmic blinking of the eyelids or lip smacking frequently accompanies the SEIZURES. The usual duration is 5-10 seconds, and multiple episodes may occur daily. Juvenile absence epilepsy is characterized by the juvenile onset of absence seizures and an increased incidence of myoclonus and tonic-clonic seizures. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p736)Jews: An ethnic group with historical ties to the land of ISRAEL and the religion of JUDAISM.Conflict of Interest: A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.Inventors: Persons or entities that introduce a novel composition, device, or process, as well as improvements thereof.Human Experimentation: The use of humans as investigational subjects.Research Subjects: Persons who are enrolled in research studies or who are otherwise the subjects of research.Ethics Committees, Research: Hospital or other institutional committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects. Federal regulations (the "Common Rule" (45 CFR 46)) mandate the use of these committees to monitor federally-funded biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects.Disclosure: Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.Genetic Vectors: DNA molecules capable of autonomous replication within a host cell and into which other DNA sequences can be inserted and thus amplified. Many are derived from PLASMIDS; BACTERIOPHAGES; or VIRUSES. They are used for transporting foreign genes into recipient cells. Genetic vectors possess a functional replicator site and contain GENETIC MARKERS to facilitate their selective recognition.PaperEssaysCongresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.Consensus Development Conferences as Topic: Presentations of summary statements representing the majority agreement of physicians, scientists, and other professionals convening for the purpose of reaching a consensus--often with findings and recommendations--on a subject of interest. The Conference, consisting of participants representing the scientific and lay viewpoints, is a significant means of evaluating current medical thought and reflects the latest advances in research for the respective field being addressed.Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.World War II: Global conflict involving countries of Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America that occurred between 1939 and 1945.GermanyBooksMoscowArkansasBulimia: Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as "ox hunger".United StatesWilliams Syndrome: A disorder caused by hemizygous microdeletion of about 28 genes on chromosome 7q11.23, including the ELASTIN gene. Clinical manifestations include SUPRAVALVULAR AORTIC STENOSIS; MENTAL RETARDATION; elfin facies; impaired visuospatial constructive abilities; and transient HYPERCALCEMIA in infancy. The condition affects both sexes, with onset at birth or in early infancy.RussiaNurses, Community Health: Nurses whose work combines elements of both primary care nursing and public health practice and takes place primarily outside the therapeutic institution. Primary nursing care is directed to individuals, families, or groups in their natural settings within communities.Hockey: A game in which two parties of players provided with curved or hooked sticks seek to drive a ball or puck through opposite goals. This applies to either ice hockey or field hockey.Veterinarians: Individuals with a degree in veterinary medicine that provides them with training and qualifications to treat diseases and injuries of animals.Physician Executives: Physicians who serve in a medical and administrative capacity as head of an organized medical staff and who also may serve as liaison for the medical staff with the administration and governing board.New York CityCeremonial Behavior: A series of actions, sometimes symbolic actions which may be associated with a behavior pattern, and are often indispensable to its performance.Diving: An activity in which the organism plunges into water. It includes scuba and bell diving. Diving as natural behavior of animals goes here, as well as diving in decompression experiments with humans or animals.LatviaSiberia: A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.Baltic States: The collective name for the republics of ESTONIA; LATVIA; and LITHUANIA on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p111)Estonia
War Crimes Trials. Protocol 3309, SS Female Overseers in Auschwitz She regularly moved between the Auschwitz I camp and ... After the war, many survivors testified of her notoriously brutal beatings. She carried out indoor selections wearing a white ... "Auschwitz Concentration Camp". Female Nazi war criminals. Capital Punishment UK. Retrieved 10 August 2012. Margot Drexler (1908 ... was a prison guard at Nazi concentration camps during World War II. Before her enlistment as an SS auxiliary, she worked at an ...
During the Nuremberg Trials, Weichs was implicated in war crimes and was scheduled to take part in the Hostages Trial. He was ... During the Nuremberg Trials, Weichs was implicated in war crimes committed while suppressing the partisans. He was removed from ... After the war he remained in the newly created Reichswehr where he worked at a number of General Staff positions. Transferred ... For the German invasion of Poland beginning World War II in 1939, Weichs was appointed head of his own Army Corps "Weichs". ...
She was tried with SS personnel by a British court at the Ravensbrück War Crimes Trials. She was convicted of perpetrating war ... Dorothea Binz (16 March 1920 - 2 May 1947) was a supervisor at Ravensbrück concentration camp during the Second World War. Born ... Women and Nazis: Perpetrators of Genocide and Other Crimes During Hitler's Regime, 1933-1945. Academia Press, Palo Alto CA, ... Women and Nazis: Perpetrators of Genocide and Other Crimes During Hitler's Regime, 1933-1945, Wendy Adele-Marie Sarti, Academia ...
War Department, Research Analyst, Nuremberg War Crimes Trials, 1946-1947. Married Philipp Fehl December 11, 1945. Mother of two ... War Department, Research Analyst, Nuremberg War Crimes Trials, 1946-1947. Married Philipp Fehl December 11, 1945. Mother of two ... United States citizen since 1944. U.S. Army Service 1945-1946, Psychiatric Social Worker, U.S. ... United States citizen since 1944. U.S. Army Service 1945-1946, Psychiatric Social Worker, U.S. ...
He was found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity. On October 1, 1946 he was sentenced to death by hanging. The ... he became one of the defendants at the Nuremberg Trials. During his trial he resumed his childhood practice of Catholicism and ... In the immediate aftermath of World War II, this latter role was obscured both by the lack of court evidence and by deliberate ... The General Government was the location of four of the seven extermination camps of World War II in which the most extreme ...
1921 - Leipzig War Crimes Trials held. 1922 Grosszschocher (de), Leutzsch, Paunsdorf (de), and Wahren (de) become part of city ... Franz A.J. Szabo (2013). "Chronology of Major Events". The Seven Years War in Europe: 1756-1763. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317- ... 1756 - City occupied by Prussian forces during the Seven Years' War. 1759 August: "Prussians withdraw from Leipzig." September ... 1945 April - Allied ground advance arrives. July - City under Soviet control. Population: 584,593. 1950 International Johann ...
The Australian War Crimes Court held a series of trials of accused war criminals at Los Negros between June 1950 and April 1951 ... World War 2 Pacific Island Guide",. Retrieved 3 Dec 2011. "Trials Conclude at Los Negros" Sydney Morning Herald, 10 Apr 1951. ... Los Negros was formerly a Japanese base during World War II, and was heavily assaulted on February 29, 1944 by Allied forces, ... After its capture by allied forces, Los Negros was developed over the spring and summer of 1944 into an important air and sea ...
In 1948, during the Hostages Trial in Nuremberg, Felmy was accused of war crimes in Greece and was given a sentence of 15 years ... During World War I, Felmy commanded a squadron on the Turkish Front. After the war, he remained in the German military. Felmy ... Felmy was convicted as a war criminal in 1948. Felmy was born on 28 May 1885 in Berlin. In 1904, he joined the Imperial Army ... By the beginning of World War II, Felmy commanded Air Fleet 2 (Luftflotte 2) of the Luftwaffe. On 12 January, he was dismissed ...
The diaries were retrieved after the war and used as evidence in war crime trials of several Japanese officers. Biography ... construction of the railroad and also provided accounts of various war crimes committed by his captors. Before he was ... At this stage, the death rate of A Force was a little over 13%, a much lower rate than in other prisoner of war parties. Much ... He was commander of the 22nd Infantry Brigade during the final stages of the Battle of Singapore in the Second World War. ...
United Nations War Crimes Commission (1997). Law Reports of Trials of War Criminals. Wm. S. Hein Publishing. pp. 31-32. ISBN ... He served in World War I first as a cavalry officer then as a pilot in the Luftstreitkräfte. After the war he worked as a ... living beyond the pre-war borders of Nazi Germany. However, when the Second World War began VOMI took charge of the ... At the end of World War II, Lorenz was captured and held in an internment camp in England. He was sentenced to 20 years in ...
After the war, these crimes were tried at what became known as the Doctors' Trial, and the abuses perpetrated led to the ... The Soviets prosecuted some of the Unit 731 members during its Khabarovsk War Crime Trials. In November 2006, Doctor Akira ... Not all subjects involved in the trials have been compensated or notified that they were subjects of such trials. From the ... A 1996 clinical trial in Kano, Nigeria involving the Pfizer drug Trovan to treat meningitis resulted in 200 children being ...
At Meyer's war crimes trial in December 1945, he was found guilty of inciting his troops to commit murder and of being ... Priestman, Karen (2003). The Kurt Meyer Case: The Press and the Canadian People's Response to Canada's First War Crimes Trial. ... After the war's end, several members of the division, including Kurt Meyer, were convicted of war crimes. The idea for the ... The division committed several war crimes while en route to and during the early battles in Normandy, including the Ascq and ...
... was not known when he was tried in absentia at the Military War Crimes Trial at Metz on 23 December 1953 for his war crimes. ... Some information was learned in post-war trials as to the project proposed by Hirt. August Hirt fled Strasbourg in September ... "German Documents Among the War Crimes Records of the Judge Advocate Division, Headquarters, United States Army, Europe" (PDF). ... The war in the East gives us the opportunity to fill the gap. We have the opportunity to acquire a tangible scientific document ...
He was tried at the Einsatzgruppen Trial for his crimes, including crimes against humanity, war crimes and membership in three ... Jager Report (in Spanish) Nuremberg War Crimes Trial Proceedings, Einsatzgruppen Trial, Opinion and Judgment, November 1947. ... 4, Einsatzgruppen Trial Proceedings. Einsatzgruppen Trial, Case 9, Ohlendorf Indictment, November 1947. Einsatzgruppen Trial, ... Wer war was vor und nach 1945. Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, Zweite aktualisierte Auflage, Frankfurt am Main 2005, p. 55. Mark ...
... he commanded the Lowland District in Scotland before serving as President of the Military Court for War Crimes Trial of German ... He later served on the staff of the War Office from 1934-1936. During the Second World War Hakewill-Smith initially served as ... was a senior British Army officer who served in both World War I and World War II. Hakewill-Smith was born in Kimberley, ... After the war he remained in the army and served with the British Military Mission to South Russia in 1920, and in 1921 he was ...
At Meyer's war crimes trial in December 1945, the incident at the Abbaye formed the core of the charges. In total, five charges ... The Kurt Meyer Case: The Press and the Canadian People's Response to Canada's First War Crimes Trial. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier ... Casual Slaughters and Accidental Judgments: Canadian War Crimes Prosecutions, 1944-1948. Toronto: The Osgoode Society for ... the Canadian War Crimes Commission (CWCC), led by Lieutenant-Colonel Bruce Macdonald, strove to discover the details of the ...
Law Reports of Trials of War Criminals. Selected and Prepared by the United Nations War Crimes Commission. Volume IV. London: ... "Yamashita hanged for crimes of war". Arizona Republic. February 23, 1946. CASE NO. 21; TRIAL OF GENERAL TOMOYUKI YAMASHITA; ... After the war, Yamashita was tried for war crimes committed by troops under his command during the Japanese defense of the ... "The Yamashita War Crimes Trial Revisited" from Issue 2, Volume 1, September 1998 The Electronic Journal of Military History ...
... the town where most of the early Yugoslavian War Crimes trials were held, mainly against Yugoslav Partisans. He was imprisoned ... As a naval officer he participated in World War I serving in the fleet based in Rijeka. In 1919 he was assigned to War Navy of ... For his merits and war records he was decorated with the Order of the Crown of King Zvonimir 3rd Class, on 13 June 1942 from ... Ustashi Crimes of Genocide. Belgrade: Stručna knjiga. Bulajić, Milan (2002). Jasenovac: The Jewish-Serbian Holocaust (the role ...
He was brought to the Nuremberg trials as a prisoner to deal with war crime charges, but finally no prosecution was filed, as ... During the final years of World War II, numerous plants and factories in Berlin and other major cities were destroyed by Allied ... To prevent further losses, manufacturing was moved to alternative places and regions not affected by the air war. The goal was ... As head of a company important for the production of war materials, the German government enqueued him among the " ...
War Crimes Office (1948). "Nazi Crimes on Trial: The Dachau Trials. Trials by U.S. Army Courts in Europe 1945 - 1948". U.S. ... "Former SS member faces trial for war crimes in the Netherlands". World Socialist Web Site. International Committee of the ... "World War II Magazine.. *. Ripley, Tim (2004). The Waffen-SS at War: Hitler's Praetorians 1925-1945. Zenith Imprint. ISBN 0- ... Hannes, Heer; Naumann, Klaus (2000). War of Extermination: The German Military in World War II 1941-1944. Berghahn. ISBN 1- ...
She was placed on trial for war crimes. On 22 May 1946 a British court handed her a sentence of 15 years imprisonment for her ... She was tried for war crimes in 1946. In 1941, Heise joined the SS Women's Auxiliary and, on 21 November 1941, arrived at ... already confirmed war crimes. She was released after 10 years by West German judiciary. Gertrud Heise was last reported alive ... Translation of title: Trials of Nazi criminals after 1945 by the example of John Hille and Gertrud Heise. Silke Schäfer (6 ...
Berger stated during his trial for war crimes (1948), that Hitler had considered a threat to execute 35,000 POWs, unless the ... Phil Lamason List of German World War II POW camps Prisoner of war Prisoner-of-war camp "Lamsdorf Death March 1945". Retrieved ... Trials of War criminals before the Nuernberg [sic] Military Tribunals under Control Council Law No 10, Vol. XIII (Washington, D ... Item 6(a) called for "preparations for moving prisoners of war to the rear". This prolonged the war for hundreds of thousands ...
After the Second World War, Koch stood trial in Poland and was convicted in 1959 of war crimes and sentenced to death. The ... He faced charges of war crimes for the extermination of 400,000 Poles, but was never indicted for his crimes in Ukraine. Found ... In World War I he served without distinction as a soldier from 1915 to the end of the war in 1918. He later fought as a member ... Koch's pre-war rule in East Prussia was characterized by efforts to collectivize the local agriculture and ruthlessness in ...
... where he reported on the Tokyo War Crimes Trials. He traveled widely in East and Southeast Asia, then covered Central and South ... There came to know Zhou Enlai, who was stationed in the city during the war as representative of the Chinese Communist Party. ... His other travels during the war included a 1938 visit to Yan'an, the Chinese Communist wartime headquarters, and a 1944 trip ... Archibald Trojan Steele (25 June 1903 Toronto, Ontario - 26 February 1992 Sedona, Arizona) was an American foreign or war ...
... the occupation force and security for the Nuremberg Trials which was charging the remaining high-ranking Nazis for war crimes. ... for military operations in Europe during World War II. During the "Cold War" era, the battalion was assigned to VII Corps, ... where it conducted extensive enemy prisoner of war operations. In April 1991, the battalion supervised the evacuation of ... From December 1944 to June 1945 the battalion conducted port security operations in Antwerp, Belgium, and was cited in the ...
Could someone more familiar with the Somali Civil War take a look at this article, please ? Thanks in advance.) --PFHLai 02:37 ... A genocide trial doesn't take place very often. But a murder investigation? Puh-lease. We've got millions of them every year. ... In the Netherlands, a country with a crime rate comparable to that of the UK, there are four murders every week. This event in ... Ethiopian planes bomb Somalia as it admits its troops are at war with the Islamic Courts Union. --TheFEARgod (Ч) 13:20, 24 ...
War crimes trials[edit]. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to ... On January 26, 1946, the military tribunal of the Baltic Military District began a trial of a group of Nazi war criminals, ... Swain, Geoff, Between Stalin and Hitler: class war and race war on the Dvina. RoutledgeCurzon, 2004. ... During the war years, many of them were expelled to the interior of Russia, while others escaped from the war zone.[citation ...
Nuremberg War Crimes Trials, 1945-1949.. *Oral Arguments Before the Supreme Court of the United States, 1955-2002.. ... 7-8, 1941; D-Day, June 6-7, 1944; V-E Day, May 8, 1945; V-J Day, August 14-15, 1945.. ...
War Crimes Trials. Protocol 3309, SS Female Overseers in Auschwitz She regularly moved between the Auschwitz I camp and ... After the war, many survivors testified of her notoriously brutal beatings. She carried out indoor selections wearing a white ... "Auschwitz Concentration Camp". Female Nazi war criminals. Capital Punishment UK. Retrieved 10 August 2012. Margot Drexler (1908 ... was a prison guard at Nazi concentration camps during World War II. Before her enlistment as an SS auxiliary, she worked at an ...
He was found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity. On October 1, 1946 he was sentenced to death by hanging. The ... he became one of the defendants at the Nuremberg Trials. During his trial he resumed his childhood practice of Catholicism and ... In the immediate aftermath of World War II, this latter role was obscured both by the lack of court evidence and by deliberate ... The General Government was the location of four of the seven extermination camps of World War II in which the most extreme ...
Luneberg Trials, War Crimes Trials Surrender of Japanese Forces 1945, Second World War ... Demobilisation, Second World War Home Front, UK, Second World War Dig for Victory, Propaganda Campaigns Second World War Allied ... British War Work 1939-1945 Burma 1942-1945 Holocaust Royal Air Force 1939-1945 Tanks and Armoured Fighting Vehicles 1939-1945 ... Germany (pre 1945 and post 1990) DE France GB Germany (Federal Republic or West) DE Netherlands NL Portugal PT Sweden SE ...
War Crimes Office (1948). "Nazi Crimes on Trial: The Dachau Trials. Trials by U.S. Army Courts in Europe 1945 - 1948". U.S. ... "Former SS member faces trial for war crimes in the Netherlands". World Socialist Web Site. International Committee of the ... "World War II Magazine.. *. Ripley, Tim (2004). The Waffen-SS at War: Hitlers Praetorians 1925-1945. Zenith Imprint. ISBN 0- ... Hannes, Heer; Naumann, Klaus (2000). War of Extermination: The German Military in World War II 1941-1944. Berghahn. ISBN 1- ...
... was not known when he was tried in absentia at the Military War Crimes Trial at Metz on 23 December 1953 for his war crimes.[3] ... World War I, post-war education and joining the Nazi partyEdit. Hirt was the son of a Swiss business man. In 1914, he ... "German Documents Among the War Crimes Records of the Judge Advocate Division, Headquarters, United States Army, Europe" (PDF). ... Some information was learned in post-war trials as to the project proposed by Hirt. ...
Other trialsEdit. Main articles: Khabarovsk War Crime Trials and Nanjing War Crimes Tribunal ... Post-war events and reactionsEdit. The parole-for-war-criminals movementEdit. In 1950, after most Allied war crimes trials had ... "Class B" war criminals were those found guilty of war crimes per se, and "Class C" war criminals were those guilty of crimes ... War Crimes Trials in the Wake of Decolonization and Cold War in Asia, 1945-1956. (Palgrave Macmillan, Cham, 2016) online ...
1946 Nuremberg Doctors Trial The individuals who conducted Nazi experiments during WWII were tried separately from other war ... They were found guilty of "crimes against humanity.". See http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/references/nurcode.htm for more information. ... and enrolled in a Phase I dose-escalation trial at the University of Pennsylvania. The clinical trial involved the injection of ... During the trial at Nuremberg, the judges codified fundamental ethical principles for the conduct of research. The Nuremberg ...
Seven months afterwards, the Nuremberg War Crime Trials began.. The Wannsee conference was indeed a conglomeration of the ... He listed exemptions as well: the Jews aged 65 and above and the Jewish who were veterans of the First World War and had been ... First, the laws to discriminate the Jews from the civil society were enacted long before World War II. The concentration camps ... Millions of Soviet prisoners of war were murdered or died of starvation, maltreatments, diseases, and infections under highly ...
Germanys War. The last chapter posted was about the crimes that Germany did not ... During the Doctors Trial at Nuremberg, Dr. Karl Brandt and the other defendants were infuriated at the moral high ground taken ... Crimes Committed by Communist Inmates at Buchenwald. In addition to crimes committed by Germans, many of the crimes committed ... Germanys War by John Wear, Chapter 9: Crimes Committed in German Concentration Camps. April 22, 2020 , Categories: Guest ...
World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, killing an estimated 50 to 85 million people from 1939 to 1945. The ... Following the Nuremberg trials, the medical atrocities committed by the Third Reich came to light, leading the medical ... for the crime it signifies. ... 14 Ways World War II Directly Shaped the Way We Live Now Kellen ... 36 LISTS World War IILists about life for soldiers and civilians alike during the Second Great War, which raged from 1939-1945. ...
As for the term "war crimes", Vasily Kononovs lawyer and other respected experts have called the Kononov vs. Latvia trial an ... The former Soviet Republic accuses Kononov - a veteran of the Second World War who holds Russian citizenship - of war crimes. ... Thus Kononov has - again - been named guilty by the European human rights judicial body of the war crimes he was accused of by ... The difference is that during those trials - Nazis were sued for their actions in the Second World War, when Kononov is being ...
Cramers Experiences in the Trials of German Saboteurs and Japanese War Leaders Summer 2009, Vol. 41, No. 2 By Fred L. Borch ... or Tokyo War Crimes Trial, as it is more commonly known, was the Pacific counterpart to the war crimes trials held in Nuremberg ... Primary materials on the Tokyo War Crimes Trial are in various locations. Records of the War Crimes Branch, in Records of the ... The best published primary source on the trial is R. John Pritchard and Sonia M. Zaide, eds., The Tokyo War Crimes Trial, 22 ...
at the Nuremberg Trials, no-one testified on their behalf. No war crime reparations have been paid to the X as a. people.. ... the X people by way of war crime reparations.. 1992. Germany "sells" X asylum seekers back to Romania for $21 million, and ... By the end of the war, 70-80% of the X population had been annihilated by Nazis. No Xs were called to testify. ... French president links Xs to crime calling their camps sources of prostitution and child exploitation. French. authorities ...
Supreme Court Justice Robert H. Jackson, chief prosecutor at the Nuremberg war trials, testified yesterday thnt he. and British ... much worse crimes against the Poles. Jackson said that Russia, as nn ally, could not have been indicted 1 at Nuremberg for ... Get access to this page with a Free Trial. Click to view larger version November 12, 1952. The Courier News from Blytheville, ... rly In World War II. The committee has reported to Congress that Russian secret police , committed the murders to prepare for a ...
Martin thought the documents would be used as evidence in war crimes trials, but Patton kept them as a personal souvenir. In ... One of Martins duties was to discover evidence for the planned war crimes trials. On April 27, 1945, an informant took Martin ... One of Martins duties was to discover evidence for the planned war crimes trials. On April 27, 1945, an informant took Martin ... One of Martins duties was to discover evidence for the planned war crimes trials. In April, Martin apprehended a German ...
war crimes trials, role in planning for, 41-42. Yalta Conference report, role in writing, 36-38 Ross, Charles G., 51, 60, 61, ... In that one he came out for a large sales tax to finance the war and what was coming on after the war. The President had always ... of Trumans didnt interfere in the war the way the similar Civil War committee used to interfere. You know, they used to go ... for their conduct of the war. Roosevelt took full advantage of that by pointing out that they were winning the war, the Germans ...
Hours after Japans surrender in World War II, Vietnamese communist Ho Chi Minh declares the independence of Vietnam from ... Cold War. * 1987 Trial of Mathias Rust begins * Crime. * 1998 A UN court hands down the first international conviction for ... Trial of Mathias Rust begins. The trial of Mathias Rust, the 19-year-old pilot who flew his Cessna plane into Red Square in May ... Aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay, Japan formally surrenders to the Allies, bringing an end to World War II. By the summer ...
Later was skipper of Air-Sea Rescue Crash Boats and a war crimes investigating officer. With a Harvard M.B.A., he is now CEO of ... He later competed on four U.S. World Bobsled Championship teams and in three Olympic trials. Now a veterinarian. Lawrence ... Received his M.D. degree in 1944 from Yale and served as a captain in the U.S. Army Medical Corps 1945-1947. Was chief ... Gorman (Hamp) Burnett 47--A football and track letter-holder who debuted with the 1944 gridiron team, the first coached by ...
buy The Nuremberg War Crimes Trial, website person once to be Paul and Jayda then to member! Paul Golding hinted for two ... buy The Nuremberg War Crimes Trial, 1945 46: of ThreeAuthors NoteThis period of the Land of Prydain is not a concerning or ... The independent buy The Nuremberg War Crimes Trial, 1945 46: A of deep success seized just s the anti-virus we ve the Weimar ... Buy The Nuremberg War Crimes Trial, 1945 46: A Documentary History 1997. by Jerome 3.8 ...
I agree that war crimes were perpetrated by all the warring factions in the former Yugoslavia. I do not agree that these crimes ... Testifying in the Milosevic trial about the coverage he had seen in the Western news media, Dietmar Hartwig, the chief of the ... supports not only the current air war but also its unlimited escalation. It thereby authorizes the commission of war crimes, ... should be indicted for war crimes and crimes against humanity, including "unlawful killings, abductions, enforced ...
Australian War Memorial, 54 1010/4/24; evidence before The Tokyo war crimes trial, edited by R.J. Pritchard, S.M. Zaide and D.C ... 4. The Tokyo war crimes trial, says 50 men, 22 women and ten stretcher cases were killed. p. 40,196. ... Yuki Tanaka, Hidden horrors: Japanese war crimes in World War II, Westview Press, Boulder, 1966, p. 88. ... and Sister Bullwinkel was among those who gave evidence at the Tokyo war crimes trials in December 1946. The Australian Womens ...
Drauz was put on trial and executed by American occupation forces for war crimes in 1946. Drauz was born in Heilbronn in ... From War to Peace (New York: HarperCollins, 2009, ISBN 978-0-06-054037-1), p. 62 "Trials by U.S. Army Courts in Europe 1945 - ... a war crime under the Third Geneva Convention. In his defense he stated that the American pilot represented "Anglo-American air ... At wars end in May 1945, Drauz was already being sought by the US Army because of his involvement in the summary execution of ...
Cold War. * 1959 Antarctica made a military-free continent * Crime. * 2004 Defense presents its case in Hamptons murder trial ... Defense presents its case in Hamptons murder trial. On this day in 2004, the defense for Daniel Pelosi, an electrician on trial ... World War I. 1919 New state declared in the Balkans. Share this: *facebook ... Crown Prince Alexander, the son of the ailing king of Serbia who had commanded Serbian armies in the Great War, was named ...
  • During World War I when the Russian armies retreated from Courland (April 1915), the Russian military authorities expelled thousands of Jews to the provinces of the interior. (wikipedia.org)
  • This has been documented at the so-called Doctors' Trial at Nuremburg, which opened on Dec. 9, 1946, and ended on July 19, 1947. (paulcraigroberts.org)
  • But this was not to be, for in 1946 Cramer made history again when he was called out of retirement and donned his uniform to serve as the sole American judge on the 11-nation war crimes tribunal in Tokyo, Japan. (archives.gov)
  • One of the most fanatical and violent NSDAP leaders in the last days of the war, Drauz was put on trial and executed by American occupation forces for war crimes in 1946. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Nuremberg Trials were held from November 20, 1945 to October 1, 1946. (listverse.com)
  • At the approach of the Red Army in 1945, Höss fled Auschwitz and went into hiding in Germany under the name Franz Lang. He was tracked down by Hanns Alexander, a German Jew who had fled Berlin in the 1930's, and was arrested by the Allied military police in 1946, who handed him over to the Polish authorities. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • More precisely, this law makes it a crime to question (" contester ") the reality of any of the "crimes against humanity" as defined in 1945 and punished in 1946 by the judges of the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, a court established exclusively by the victors exclusively to judge the vanquished. (codoh.com)
  • Images and testimony related to the Nuremberg Trials held at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany in October 1946. (criticalpast.com)
  • Only in 1946 he joined the Soviet-Lithuanian war and became a Lithuanian partisan of "Sakalas" regiment, "Gelezinis vilkas" ("Iron Wolf") brigade, of "Tauras" military district. (axishistory.com)
  • Early in 1946, Charles Vogel-one of Jack and Martin's attorney uncles, who had worked in the Judge Advocate General's Corps during World War I-began sending letters and questionnaires to those who had made it home from Berga. (amherst.edu)
  • An important example of a legal failure to support the protocol occurred at the 1946-1948 International Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE), just when it might be expected that Imperial Japan would be charged for its chemical and biological warfare (CBW) waged against China from the late 1930s into World War II. (springer.com)
  • The trials were held in the city of Nuremberg , Bavaria , Germany , from 1945 to 1946, at the Palace of Justice . (thefullwiki.org)
  • It was held from November 21, 1945 to October 1, 1946. (thefullwiki.org)
  • October 18, 1945 and October 1, 1946. (weebly.com)
  • Manstein gave testimony at the main Nuremberg trials of war criminals in August 1946, and prepared a paper that, along with his later memoirs, helped cultivate the myth of the clean Wehrmacht -the myth that the German armed forces were not culpable for the atrocities of the Holocaust . (cfapps.io)
  • The U.S. government's investigation of all the factors leading to the Second World War in 1946 came to the conclusion that without IG Farben the Second World War would simply not have been possible . (dr-rath-foundation.org)
  • Hnrriman, ambassador to Russia between 1943 and 1945, and his daughter, Mrs.' Stanley 6. (newspapers.com)
  • In the studies conducted in Indiana, researchers exposed 241 inmates in Terre Haute to gonorrhea in 1943 and 1944. (patheos.com)
  • Berezowskyj's service as an SS guard from April 1943 until July 1945 included duty at a camp in Poniatowa, Poland, on a horrific day in November 1943 when thousands of Jewish slaves were executed, government lawyers said. (courant.com)
  • Berezowskyj said he escaped from Ukraine to Germany in 1943, after the Russians killed his father and sister, and worked as a laborer and farmer for the rest of the war. (courant.com)
  • The Morgenthau Plan, more formally known as the Treasury Plan for the Treatment of Germany, was devised by Assistant Treasury Secretary Harry Dexter White and Secretary Henry R. Morgenthau Jr. in the summer of 1944. (fpp.co.uk)
  • Margot Elisabeth Dreschel, also spelled Drechsler, or Drexler (17 May 1908, Neugersdorf - May/June 1945, Bautzen), was a prison guard at Nazi concentration camps during World War II. (wikipedia.org)
  • August Hirt (28 April 1898 - 2 June 1945) was an anatomist with Swiss and German nationality who served as a chairman at the Reich University in Strasbourg during World War II . (wikipedia.org)
  • War crimes were committed by the Empire of Japan in many Asian-Pacific countries during the period of Japanese imperialism , primarily during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II . (wikipedia.org)
  • Airmen of the Imperial Japanese Army Air Service and Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service were not included as war criminals because there was no positive or specific customary international humanitarian law that prohibited the unlawful conduct of aerial warfare either before or during World War II. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Imperial Japanese Army Air Service took part in conducting chemical and biological attacks on enemy nationals during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II and the use of such weapons in warfare were generally prohibited by international agreements signed by Japan, including the Hague Conventions (1899 and 1907) , which banned the use of "poison or poisoned weapons" in warfare. (wikipedia.org)
  • Japan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs states that the country acknowledges its role in causing "tremendous damage and suffering" during World War II, especially in regard to the IJA entrance into Nanjing during which Japanese soldiers killed a large number of non-combatants and engaged in looting and rape . (wikipedia.org)
  • These events reached their height during the Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937-45 and the Asian and Pacific campaigns of World War II (1941-45). (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, many of the crimes committed by Japanese personnel during World War II broke Japanese military law , and were subject to court martial , as required by that law. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United Nations adopted The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which was inspired by atrocities committed during World War II and states the conviction that human rights needed to be preserved at the international level. (nihtraining.com)
  • National Socialist Germany established an immense camp system before and during World War II comprising at least 43 different types of camps. (paulcraigroberts.org)
  • 1 In the previous chapter we established that Germany did not use concentration camps during World War II to commit genocide against European Jewry. (paulcraigroberts.org)
  • In this chapter we will examine some of the crimes that were committed in the German concentration camps during and after World War II. (paulcraigroberts.org)
  • The onset and escalation of World War II provided the rationalization for most of Germany's illegal human medical experimentation. (paulcraigroberts.org)
  • World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, killing an estimated 50 to 85 million people from 1939 to 1945. (ranker.com)
  • Read on for more on how World War II changed the world in ways both large and small. (ranker.com)
  • The United Nations was founded in 1945 to prevent another conflict with the horrific consequences of World War II. (ranker.com)
  • The Colossus was the first programmable, electronic, digital computer, developed during World War II by British codebreakers. (ranker.com)
  • One week later, America was plunged into World War II. (archives.gov)
  • The admiral heads a top-level group of witnesses appearing he- fore a special committee investigating the massacre of 15,000 Polish officers and Intellectuals at Katyn , Forest, Western Russia, ««rly In World War II. (newspapers.com)
  • On December 8, 1941, following the attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States entered World War II. (ushmm.org)
  • Hours after Japan's surrender in World War II , Vietnamese communist Ho Chi Minh declares the independence of Vietnam from France. (history.com)
  • He was also Member of the Reichstag from 1933 until the collapse of the Third Reich after World War II. (wikipedia.org)
  • World War II ended the prominence of the Jewish Community. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the end of World War II, several meetings were held between the United Kingdom, Russia, and the United States to decide what to do with the Nazis. (listverse.com)
  • The onset and escalation of World War II provided the rationale for most of Germany's illegal human medical experimentation. (codoh.com)
  • When he died in 1858, the United States was scarcely a Pacific power, and it was not until the end of World War II that the Bonins came under official American administration. (americanheritage.com)
  • Before World War II there was a substantial Danube Swabian minority resident here. (wn.com)
  • The Communist regime of Josip Broz Tito expelled almost all of them at the end of World War II after 1945. (wn.com)
  • World War II U.S. Navy schematic of Japanese I-15 (Type B1) class submarine. (navy.mil)
  • Allied capture of Cherbourg France, during World War II. (criticalpast.com)
  • Flashbacks of a variety of Nazi crimes against humanity during the years of World War II. (criticalpast.com)
  • The first concentration camps were established in Germany before World War II. (polskieradio.pl)
  • The following is an 11,000 word article by William Underwood, a professor at Kurume Kogyo University, regarding Japan's use of forced Chinese labor during World War II. (ohmynews.com)
  • She is still remembered as one of the most vile war criminals of World War II, nicknamed the 'Witch of Buchenwald' in German or the 'Bitch of Buchenwald' in English. (schoolhistory.co.uk)
  • By the time World War II broke out in 1939, the camps were also being used to house and often kill Jews, whose total annihilation was one of the Nazis' main aims. (schoolhistory.co.uk)
  • The victim of this lengthy and costly (to the Gentile tax-payers) jewdicial persecution was and still is, at the time of this writing, Ernst Zündel, who is the only man on this planet who risks going to prison for discussing World War II. (faem.com)
  • What this proves, to the knowledgeable observer, is that World War II is still going on and never ended in 1945, as we have been misled to believe by the jewsmedia and goy stooges of our respective Zionist Occupation Governments. (faem.com)
  • Chemical weapons were not used in World War II, but the military industrial complex in all the warring nations increased the efficiency of their weapons with the addition of aircraft carriers, submarines, heavy four engine bombers and fast fighter aircraft. (eaec.org)
  • After World War II ended in 1945, the Soviet Union turned on England, France and the United States and the relations between these countries cooled considerably to the point that there was a state of political and military tension. (eaec.org)
  • Ghosts of World War II shattered Walter Berezowskyj's quiet retirement in suburban Connecticut as the government identified him Tuesday as a guard at Nazi slave- labor camps and sought to revoke his citizenship. (courant.com)
  • As the U.S. involvement in World War II intensified, the military did away with the deferment policy. (amherst.edu)
  • Once World War II ended, China expected to revive these charges at the IMTFE in Tokyo. (springer.com)
  • A little-known World War II atrocity at last rises to the surface. (usatoday.com)
  • World War II had ended a few months earlier. (phoenixnewtimes.com)
  • During and after World War II, the sale of whiskey was tightly regulated by the federal government. (phoenixnewtimes.com)
  • The interview includes Fouts' personal experiences while assigned to the Submarine Base during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and his subsequent service aboard the submarine USS Pogy in the Pacific Theater during World War II. (unt.edu)
  • The interview includes Bigelow's personal experiences about being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boyhood in North Dakota, various jobs during the Great Depression, and enlisting in the Navy. (unt.edu)
  • The interview includes Crouse's personal experiences about combat in the Philippines during World War II, the Japanese surrender in Yokohama Harbor, and being present during the post-war U.S. occupation of Japan. (unt.edu)
  • A World War II U-boat crew are stranded in northern Canada. (imdb.com)
  • It was technically a "defensive" alliance, which was one reason the Japanese didn't declare war on the Soviet Union after Hitler invaded in June 1941. (navy.mil)
  • Germany's fortunes in the war had taken an unfavourable turn in December 1941, and in the following year during the catastrophic Battle of Stalingrad , Manstein commanded a failed relief effort (" Operation Winter Storm ") in December. (cfapps.io)
  • Female Nazi war criminals. (wikipedia.org)
  • That being said, some members of the Liberal Democratic Party in the Japanese government such as former prime minister Junichiro Koizumi and current Prime Minister Shinzō Abe have prayed at the Yasukuni Shrine , which includes convicted Class A war criminals in its honored war dead. (wikipedia.org)
  • The individuals who conducted Nazi experiments during WWII were tried separately from other war criminals because of their professional status as physicians and the horrendous and unique nature of their crimes. (nihtraining.com)
  • The problem with Operation Paperclip was that Nazi war criminals were being protected and smuggled out of Germany. (listverse.com)
  • Nuremberg, November 20, 1945--The trials of Nazi war criminals begins in a city still in ruins, barely six months after the Germans' surrender. (worldcat.org)
  • However, he also stated that war criminals must pay for their crimes and that in accordance with the Moscow Document which he himself had written, they should be tried at the places where the crimes were committed. (thefullwiki.org)
  • industry to aid British exports, were indeed put into effect, in the directive 1067 which the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff finally issued to Eisenhower, the main parts of the Morgenthau Plan, including orders to liquidate entire classes of suspected Nazi war criminals upon simple identification, and to leave the German nation to 'stew in its own juice,' were not formally implemented. (fpp.co.uk)
  • They have been accused of conducting a series of human rights abuses against civilians and prisoners of war throughout East Asia and the western Pacific region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Japan did not sign the 1929 Geneva Convention on the Prisoners of War (except the 1929 Geneva Convention on the Sick and Wounded ), though in 1942, it did promise to abide by its terms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The depositions, affidavits, and reports that comprise the collection are varied in scope, but most center on German maltreatment of prisoners - both political prisoners and prisoners of war - with a handful of items relating to larger issues in intelligence and counter intelligence. (umass.edu)
  • German prisoners of war marching under guard, with hands on their heads. (criticalpast.com)
  • By the end of the war, some Soviet prisoners of war were given a choice of starvation rations or employment as Trawniki men, Browning said. (courant.com)
  • Along with promoting the rights of prisoners of war and the protection of hospital ships, the conventions addressed specific weapons. (springer.com)
  • In 1949 he was tried in Hamburg for war crimes and was convicted on nine of seventeen counts, including the poor treatment of prisoners of war and failing to protect civilian lives in his sphere of operations. (cfapps.io)
  • On April 27, 1945, an informant took Martin and his two man team to a bank vault in Eichstatt, where they discovered an original copy of the Nuremberg Race Laws, signed by Adolf Hitler. (ushmm.org)
  • I will instead attempt to include a substantial representative portion of the crimes that were committed, including crimes committed by the Germans, the Allies, and inmates in the camps. (paulcraigroberts.org)
  • It allowed the Allies to gather a ton of military intelligence from the Germans, but was destroyed after the war to maintain project secrecy. (ranker.com)
  • When Japan formally surrendered to the Allies on September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh felt emboldened enough to proclaim the independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam. (history.com)
  • At the Potsdam Conference in August 1945, the Allies returned for the first ownership and empire of the door. (krugerquarterhorses.com)
  • In a short period of time,' Mahmood Mamdani writes of Europe in the aftermath of the Second World War, 'the Allies had carried out the most far-reaching ethnic cleansing in the history of Europe … the overriding principle here was that there must be a safe home for survivors' ( LRB , 7 November ). (lrb.co.uk)
  • After the war, Ilse was arrested by the victorious Allies. (schoolhistory.co.uk)
  • Anthony Eden, British foreign secretary (1940-1945).and later prime minister, dismissed Morgenthau's and Lord Cherwell's lobbying, in a hitherto unpublished document, as a piece of gratuitous impertinence: 'These ex-Germans,' wrote Eden, 'seem to wish to wash away their ancestry in a bath of hate. (fpp.co.uk)
  • Instead, it was decided that the top members of the Third Reich would be hunted down, put on trial, and possibility given the death penalty. (listverse.com)
  • The last chapter posted was about the crimes that Germany did not commit. (paulcraigroberts.org)
  • The next two are about the crimes that Germany did commit. (paulcraigroberts.org)
  • Our examination will show that while numerous crimes were committed by Germany in its concentration camps, most of the deaths of the camp inmates occurred from natural causes. (paulcraigroberts.org)
  • By February 1945, he was in Germany with his unit. (ushmm.org)
  • He fought in the Battle of the Bulge and reached Germany in early February 1945. (ushmm.org)
  • Deutsche Volkszeitung , Soviet paper in occupied East Germany, 31 July 1945). (whale.to)
  • Thus, it is not surprising to learn that during several trials in Germany, it emerged that the testimony of witnesses from eastern Europe had been orchestrated by communist authorities. (whale.to)
  • As a web of their war in World War I and the leaving Treaty of Versailles, Germany returned Alsace-Lorraine, Northern Schleswig, and Memel. (krugerquarterhorses.com)
  • BERLIN - A 92-year-old former SS private will go on trial this fall in Germany on 5,230 counts of being an accessory to murder, accused of helping the Nazis' Stutthof concentration camp function, a Hamburg court said Thursday. (nytimes.com)
  • During the 1920s, Germany was in turmoil as a result of World War I. The country's economy was in dire straits and this created an opportunity for more extreme political factions to win support. (schoolhistory.co.uk)
  • It was against the Treaty of Versailles that had imposed punitive reparations on Germany after its defeat in 1918, and was violently opposed to communists and Jews, the latter of which it saw as running global capitalism and profiting from the war. (schoolhistory.co.uk)
  • During the war, Germany conquered and occupied most of Europe and Northern Africa . (thefullwiki.org)
  • In late October, Matt and Elvira Smith travelled from Chicago to Germany at the invitation of Wolfenb ttel Mayor, Thomas Pink, to participate in the dedication of a memorial plaque at the building where Matt's Uncle, 360th BS Sergeant Sheppard Kerman (R)(POW/KIA) was murdered by his Nazi captors on Mission 248 in September 1944 after he parachuted from his disabled B-17. (303rdbg.com)
  • Veteran 359th tailgunner and the Bishop Emeritus of Corpus Christi, the Most Reverend Rene Henry Gracida sent a personal message via Matt to Mayor Pink and the residents of his city stating "I pray that the celebration may be a source of healing for the people of Germany and the United States, suffering as we do from the effects of the terrible war that divided us. (303rdbg.com)
  • He rose to the rank of captain by the end of the war and was active in the inter-war period helping Germany rebuild her armed forces. (cfapps.io)
  • 1931 Under an agreement with I.G. Farben, ALCOA accepts a restriction on the production of magnesium in the U.S, hampering the war effort, while Germany itself stepped up production. (infiniteunknown.net)
  • Mengele sailed to Argentina in July 1949, assisted by a network of former SS members , he initially lived in and around Buenos Aires , then fled to Paraguay in 1959 and Brazil in 1960, while being sought by West Germany , Israel , and Nazi hunters such as Simon Wiesenthal who wanted to bring him to trial. (wikivisually.com)
  • Joseph Stalin ordered a biological war laboratory to be built at the Leningrad Military Academy even though the Soviet Union had signed the 1925 Geneva Convention which outlawed the use of chemical and biological weapons during war. (eaec.org)
  • Up until the Eichmann trial Israel had almost nothing to say about Holocaust victims, as if embarrassed that they had not offered more resistance to the Nazis. (lrb.co.uk)
  • I, Eric Thomson, was among those who witnessed and survived the First Great Holocaust Thought-Crime Trial in 1984 through 1985, under the Zionist Occupation Government of Soviet Canada. (faem.com)
  • Belzec, Galicia, Kolomyja had not yet come into my vocabulary, but the more I thought about it, the more I dabbled in Holocaust literature and the more I sensed the injustice of post-war retribution for the men who had committed what appeared to me as the world's greatest crime. (jewishgen.org)
  • More than 60,000 people were killed at the Nazi German camp built east of Danzig, which today is the Polish city of Gdansk, including Jews, political prisoners, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses and Polish civilians and resistance fighters after the brutal suppression of the 1944 Warsaw uprising. (nytimes.com)
  • The first attempt at killing the people accommodated in this area launched in May 1944 had been thwarted by the desperate resistance the men put up defending themselves by means of spades and clubs. (blogspot.cz)
  • In 1942 he made history when, in concert with U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle, he prosecuted German U-boat saboteurs at a military commission, becoming the first Judge Advocate General since the Civil War to prosecute at this type of tribunal. (archives.gov)
  • A war crimes investigation photo of the disfigured leg of Maria Kusmierczuk, a Ravensbrueck inmate, who was subjected to medical experiments with sulphonamide drugs in 1942. (ushmm.org)
  • The "Extraordinary State Commission" (ESC, from Russian ЧГК, an acronym for Чрезычайная Государственная Комисссия) was created in November 1942 in order to detect and investigate "crimes perpetrated by the German Fascist Invaders" and the damage caused by them. (inconvenienthistory.com)
  • Short video about the crimes of the Nazis and collaborators in Latvia in 1942-44. (blogspot.com)
  • After the war he returned to Kolomyja where he discovered his loss: 37 near and dear relatives had all perished, believed murdered in local forests, the Janowska camp, and the extermination camp of Belzec. (jewishgen.org)
  • It was said that Article 7 of the European Convention on Human Rights had been violated when the man was found guilty of war crimes in 1998. (rt.com)
  • American journalist Martha Gellhorn (1908-1998) was one of the first female war correspondents ever and one of the best American war reporters of the twentieth century. (encyclopedia.com)
  • An investigation into how World War 2 shaped the modern world reveals that, much like World War 1 , technological innovation flourishes during wartime. (ranker.com)
  • Investigation of the camp area by Judge Włodzimierz Bednarz in 1945 apparently included excavation of pits containing human remains, even though such excavation is not mentioned in the report about Chelmno issued by the Central Commission for Investigation of German Crimes in Poland . (blogspot.com)
  • After obtaining his Master s and Doctorate with University College London, he now specializes in the investigation of Nazi war crimes and the destruction of the European Jewish communities 1933-1945. (jewishgen.org)
  • The war crimes involved the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) and the Imperial Japanese Navy under Emperor Hirohito and they resulted in the deaths of millions of people. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to Japanese civil and military personnel, Koreans and Taiwanese who were forced to serve in the military of the Empire of Japan were also found to have committed war crimes as part of the Japanese Imperial Army. (wikipedia.org)
  • For the rest of that war, Cramer served as the top lawyer in the Army. (archives.gov)
  • At the end of this military duty, Cramer briefly returned to the prosecuting attorney's office before he and his fellow Guardsmen were again federalized for World War I. Then Captain Cramer went overseas in January 1918 and was sent to the Army General Staff College in Langres, France. (archives.gov)
  • He enlisted in the German Army at the start of World War I and advanced to the rank of Feldwebel (Sergeant) by 1918. (wikipedia.org)
  • There were unknown number of German soldiers left in Lithuania after Red Army occupied it again in 1944. (axishistory.com)
  • For the first time in history an international tribunal composed of the Allied countries and representatives of Nazi-occupied countries would punish the leaders of a regime and an army who were responsible for crimes committed. (weebly.com)
  • Born into an aristocratic Prussian family with a long history of military service, Manstein joined the army at a young age and saw service on both the Western and Eastern Front during the First World War (1914-18). (cfapps.io)
  • We can only speculate about Harry Dexter White's purpose in canvassing a plan which would have ruined the largest country in Central Europe, the last bastion that would protect Western Europe from the Red Army in post-war years. (fpp.co.uk)
  • After the war, some high ranking Nazis managed to evade capture. (listverse.com)
  • British War Cabinet documents, released on 2 January, 2006, have shown that as early as December 1944, the Cabinet had discussed their policy for the punishment of the leading Nazis if captured. (thefullwiki.org)
  • He listed exemptions as well: the Jews aged 65 and above and the Jewish who were veterans of the First World War and had been injured and wounded, and those who were iron cross winners to be confined in the constructed concentration camps (at Theresienstasdt). (exclusivepapers.com)
  • Jews contributed to Latvia 's development until the Northern War (1700-1721), which decimated Latvia's population. (wikipedia.org)
  • During World War I when the Russian armies retreated from Courland (April 1915), the Russian military authorities expelled thousands of Jews to the provinces of the interior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ohlendorf testified for the prosecution at the Nuremberg trial that his unit was responsible for the killing of 90,000 Jews in southern Russia during the year that he was the commander. (whale.to)
  • 2 million Jews were victims of those crimes. (polskieradio.pl)
  • Contact Us: To sign shop The Jews in Italy under Fascist struggles want through the drink and work readers via the searching d. virus: We speak no review with the war or the change. (anthonyflood.com)
  • The leaders are usually characterized the shop The Jews in Italy under Fascist and Nazi Rule, 1922 1945 of CPI( M) from a blue main suggestion to that of genotype of clinical and non-profit No. country. (anthonyflood.com)
  • Essays by Others Your shop The Jews in Italy under Fascist and Nazi Rule, 1922 1945 contains translocated the preclinical country of months. (anthonyflood.com)
  • Before the German occupation on 19th March 1944, the arrival of many Jewish refugees increased the total number of Jews in Hungary to about one million. (churchinhistory.org)
  • Among the reasons for such antipathy against Jews may be that there are many people living in Hungary now who remember that the leaders of the short-lived Communist regime there after the First World War in 1919 were Jews. (churchinhistory.org)
  • After the war most of the Communist leaders in Hungary, installed by the occupying Soviet forces, were Jews. (churchinhistory.org)
  • Some war crimes were committed by Japanese military personnel during the late 19th century, but most Japanese war crimes were committed during the first part of the Shōwa Era , the name which was given to the reign of Emperor Hirohito , until the surrender of the Empire of Japan in 1945. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Canada, during an`earlier trial in 1985, Zündel had been sentenced to 15 months in prison. (vho.org)
  • In The Gestapo and German Society: Enforcing Racial Policy, 1933-1945 , 215-252. (ushmm.org)
  • Apart from ascertaining the extent of the war damage and the war crimes imputed to the Germans, the commissions had the additional task to identify the parties to be blamed, i. e. members of the Wehrmacht , the SS and the Einsatzgruppen of the SD . (inconvenienthistory.com)
  • This study "clarifies the psychology and status of the Japanese people from 1931, when Japan's military expansion started, to 1945, when Japan was defeated in the Pacific war. (asiabookroom.com)
  • Allied authorities found that Koreans and Taiwanese serving in the forces of the Empire of Japan also committed war crimes. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the eight-year war, Mao Zedong's Chinese communists supported the Viet Minh, while the United States aided the French and anti-communist Vietnamese forces. (history.com)
  • The cold war was fought using Special Forces, spies and covert operations by aircraft and submarines. (eaec.org)
  • Among these are the grants to Congress of authority "to declare War," to raise, maintain, and make rules for federal military forces, and "to provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Some historical estimates of the number of deaths which resulted from Japanese war crimes range from 3 to 14 million through massacre , human experimentation , starvation , and forced labor that was either directly perpetrated or condoned by the Japanese military and government. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since only analogous inferences could be drawn from animal experiments, the use of human experimentation during the war was deemed necessary to help in the German war effort. (paulcraigroberts.org)
  • The designation General Government was chosen in reference to the Government General of Warsaw, a civil entity created in the area by the German Empire during World War I. This district existed from 1914 to 1918 together with an Austro-Hungarian-controlled Military Government of Lublin alongside the short-lived Kingdom of Poland of 1916-1918, a similar rump state formed out of the then-Russian-controlled parts of Poland. (wikipedia.org)
  • Details the Warsaw Rising of 1944 including atrocities that inspired it, planning and organizing the uprising, logistics of the battles, and eventual defeat. (ushmm.org)
  • Discusses the destruction of Warsaw and the failed insurrection of August 1944. (ushmm.org)
  • Vogel passed his findings on to the War Crimes Branch of the U.S. War Department, but first, with his determination and outrage mounting, he demanded and received assurance that the information would be used to help build the case against those who ran the camp. (amherst.edu)
  • Dr Joseph Goebbels, Nazi propaganda minister, made enough capital from it to inflict tens of thousands of extra casualties on British and American troops in the battles that followed its publication, and in the autumn 1944 U.S. presidential election campaign Roosevelt's opponent Thomas Dewey lost no time in pointing this out. (fpp.co.uk)
  • As Maha Bandula prepared to attack Chittagong, in March 1824 Governor-General Amherst declared war on Burma. (beck.org)
  • The large-scale ways WWII changed the world are well-known: the Holocaust's decimation of Jewish culture, the use of atomic bombs on Japan, and the wide swath of death and destruction caused the Axis powers in Europe are all commonly cited ways World War 2 changed history. (ranker.com)
  • On this day in 2004, the defense for Daniel Pelosi, an electrician on trial for the killing of his girlfriend's estranged husband, R. Theodore "Ted" Ammon, a wealthy investment banker, begins presenting its case in a Riverhead, New York, courtroom. (history.com)
  • 2006 Trial begins in a Califormia federal court for Barry Byron "The Baron" Mills, Tyler Davis "The Hulk" (or "Bull") Bingham, Edgar Wesley "The Snail" Hevle and Christopher Overton Gibson, leaders of the multi-prison gang Aryan Brotherhood , accused of ordering or participating in 15 murders or attempted murders since 1980. (safran-arts.com)
  • Before the war, Mengele had received doctorates in anthropology and medicine, and began a career as a researcher, he joined the Nazi Party in 1937 and the SS in 1938. (wikivisually.com)
  • Before that, prosecutors would have to provide evidence a specific guard was involved in a specific killing - often a next-to impossible task given the circumstances of the crimes committed in concentration camps and death camps and the scarcity of surviving witnesses. (nytimes.com)
  • This nearly happened at the start of the war, when millions of Soviet soldiers were encircled, captured and sent to death camps where they perished of starvation and ill-treatment. (marxist.com)
  • On 1 November 1944, she went to Flossenbürg concentration camp as an Oberaufseherin and as a trainer of enlisted overseers. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Rehbogen trial was the first use of the reasoning to charge and try a concentration camp guard instead of a death camp guard. (nytimes.com)
  • A Hamburg court says a 92-year-old former SS private will go on trial on 5,230 counts of accessory to murder on allegations he helped the Stutthof concentration camp function in his role as a guard. (wate.com)
  • The fact that the outbreak of the Crimean War in 1853 coincided with the 400th anniversary of the Fall of Byzantium inspired a new upswing of imperialistic dreams. (executedtoday.com)
  • The battlefield carnage and economic disruption caused by the Crimean War (1853-1856) and the American Civil War (1861-1865) were deplored. (springer.com)
  • Because of his age at the time of the alleged crimes, he will be tried in juvenile court and faces a possible six months to 10 years in prison if convicted. (nytimes.com)
  • In February 1944, Nazi troops surrounded and burned down a barn in Latvia, killing 12 partisans sheltering inside, including two women and a baby. (rt.com)
  • The nineteenth-century rise of national armies and industrial advances in weaponry began a pattern of increasingly destructive conflicts-the mass slaughter of troops and ruination of terrain-followed by valiant attempts to restrict the conduct of war, which were then followed by worse wars with more dangerously powerful and efficient weapons. (springer.com)
  • They comprise those activities necessary "to wage war successfully," including the raising of troops, the provision of equipment and supplies, the mobilization of opinion, and the maintenance of security in loyal areas (during civil war or insurgency) or on the home front (during foreign war). (encyclopedia.com)
  • She was using her maiden surname, Bimko, when she testified in 1945 before the British military court in Luneburg. (nytimes.com)
  • After the war, he spent some time in a British internment hospital but disappeared, went underground, escaped to Argentina, and later to Paraguay, where he became a citizen in 1959. (leninimports.com)
  • British Prime Minister Winston Churchill had then advocated a policy of summary execution in some circumstances with the use of an Act of Attainder to circumvent legal obstacles, and was only dissuaded from this by talks with US leaders later in the war. (thefullwiki.org)
  • In the war the British had lost 15,000 men, mostly to disease, and tens of thousands of Burmans died. (beck.org)
  • moreover Mr Churchill needed his support on military issues including joint British strategic control of the atomic bomb (the Hyde Park agreement which was signed on September 18, 1944) and Britain's participation in the war in the Pacific. (fpp.co.uk)
  • Additionally, Crawford talks about his assignments to Clark Air Force Base, Philippines, and Korea, as a forward air observer, his role as an airborne radar operator during the Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis, his various activities with the NASA Space Program, and clandestine missions with the CIA and Air America over Cambodia during the Vietnam War. (unt.edu)
  • After the war, he fled to South America where he evaded capture for the rest of his life. (wikivisually.com)
  • The defendants' dock and members of the defense counsel during the Doctors' Trial. (weebly.com)
  • The criminal acts have already been committed, and since they have been committed, if it were possible to derive some new knowledge concerning immunity to malaria from these acts, it would yet be another crime not to permit this man to finish documenting the results of his years of research. (paulcraigroberts.org)
  • In the closing years of the war. (newspapers.com)
  • Up to at least 1958, some thirteen years after the end of the war, he was in the phone book in Buenos Aires so could have been traced via there. (leninimports.com)
  • On Aug. 9, 1993, Hosokawa Morihiro became the first non-LDP prime minister in 38 years and, in his inaugural press conference, stated his belief that Japan had waged "a war of aggression, a war that was wrong. (ohmynews.com)
  • Tina Heinrichs-Langer was 17 years old in 1944 when her family sheltered the group of American soldiers, known as the Wereth 11. (usatoday.com)
  • A few months later Farben received a formal Reich contract calling for the enlargement of Leuna so that production would reach three hundred thousand tons per year by 1937, with Farben's sales guaranteed for ten years - until June 30, 1944 - on a cost-plus basis. (dr-rath-foundation.org)
  • Victims of the dreadful Thirty Years War in the 17th century - by far the worst war in Europe until the 20th century. (newsweek.com)
  • Thousands of service men were killed on both sides, but no one complained, since each side was equally guilty of waging covert war. (eaec.org)