Deer: The family Cervidae of 17 genera and 45 species occurring nearly throughout North America, South America, and Eurasia, on most associated continental islands, and in northern Africa. Wild populations of deer have been established through introduction by people in Cuba, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and other places where the family does not naturally occur. They are slim, long-legged and best characterized by the presence of antlers. Their habitat is forests, swamps, brush country, deserts, and arctic tundra. They are usually good swimmers; some migrate seasonally. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1362)Antlers: The horn of an animal of the deer family, typically present only in the male. It differs from the HORNS of other animals in being a solid, generally branched bony outgrowth that is shed and renewed annually. The word antler comes from the Latin anteocularis, ante (before) + oculus (eye). (From Webster, 3d ed)Wasting Disease, Chronic: A transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (prion disease) of DEER and elk characterized by chronic weight loss leading to death. It is thought to spread by direct contact between animals or through environmental contamination with the prion protein (PRIONS).Animals, Wild: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.Sin Nombre virus: A species of HANTAVIRUS which emerged in the Four Corners area of the United States in 1993. It causes a serious, often fatal pulmonary illness (HANTAVIRUS PULMONARY SYNDROME) in humans. Transmission is by inhaling aerosolized rodent secretions that contain virus particles, carried especially by deer mice (PEROMYSCUS maniculatus) and pinyon mice (P. truei).Ruminants: A suborder of the order ARTIODACTYLA whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach, including the capacious RUMEN. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.MontanaHornsDisease Reservoirs: Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.IndiaCommodification: The social process by which something or someone comes to be regarded and treated as an article of trade or commerce.Indians, North American: Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.Nursing Homes: Facilities which provide nursing supervision and limited medical care to persons who do not require hospitalization.Tumor Necrosis Factors: A family of proteins that were originally identified by their ability to cause NECROSIS of NEOPLASMS. Their necrotic effect on cells is mediated through TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR RECEPTORS which induce APOPTOSIS.Vancomycin Resistance: Nonsusceptibility of bacteria to the action of VANCOMYCIN, an inhibitor of cell wall synthesis.H-2 Antigens: The major group of transplantation antigens in the mouse.Diptera: An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Erythrocebus patas: A species of the genus ERYTHROCEBUS, subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE. It inhabits the flat open arid country of Africa. It is also known as the patas monkey or the red monkey.Quercetin: A flavonol widely distributed in plants. It is an antioxidant, like many other phenolic heterocyclic compounds. Glycosylated forms include RUTIN and quercetrin.MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Observation: The act of regarding attentively and studying facts and occurrences, gathering data through analyzing, measuring, and drawing conclusions, with the purpose of applying the observed information to theoretical assumptions. Observation as a scientific method in the acquisition of knowledge began in classical antiquity; in modern science and medicine its greatest application is facilitated by modern technology. Observation is one of the components of the research process.Lipoxygenase: An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class primarily found in PLANTS. It catalyzes reactions between linoleate and other fatty acids and oxygen to form hydroperoxy-fatty acid derivatives.Dentigerous Cyst: Most common follicular odontogenic cyst. Occurs in relation to a partially erupted or unerupted tooth with at least the crown of the tooth to which the cyst is attached protruding into the cystic cavity. May give rise to an ameloblastoma and, in rare instances, undergo malignant transformation.Bison: A genus of the family Bovidae having two species: B. bison and B. bonasus. This concept is differentiated from BUFFALOES, which refers to Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Solanum nigrum: A plant species of the genus SOLANUM, family SOLANACEAE that contains steroidal glycosides.Glucosinolates: Substituted thioglucosides. They are found in rapeseed (Brassica campestris) products and related cruciferae. They are metabolized to a variety of toxic products which are most likely the cause of hepatocytic necrosis in animals and humans.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Tropical Medicine: The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.Anisakiasis: Infection with roundworms of the genus ANISAKIS. Human infection results from the consumption of fish harboring roundworm larvae. The worms may cause acute NAUSEA; VOMITING; or penetrate into the wall of the DIGESTIVE TRACT where they give rise to EOSINOPHILIC GRANULOMA in the STOMACH; INTESTINES; or the OMENTUM.Angiostrongylus: A genus of parasitic nematodes of the superfamily METASTRONGYLOIDEA. Two species, ANGIOSTRONGYLUS CANTONENSIS and A. vasorum, infest the lungs of rats and dogs, respectively. A. cantonensis is transmissible to man where it causes frequently fatal infection of the central nervous system.Larva: Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Labor Stage, Third: The final period of OBSTETRIC LABOR that is from the expulsion of the FETUS to the expulsion of the PLACENTA.Anopheles: A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.Cypriniformes: An order of fish with 26 families and over 3,000 species. This order includes the families CYPRINIDAE (minnows and CARPS), Cobitidae (loaches), and Catostomidae (suckers).Equipment Safety: Freedom of equipment from actual or potential hazards.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Device Approval: Process that is gone through in order for a device to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required preclinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance. It is not restricted to FDA.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Cyprinidae: A family of freshwater fish comprising the minnows or CARPS.Mythology: A body of stories, the origins of which may be unknown or forgotten, that serve to explain practices, beliefs, institutions or natural phenomena. Mythology includes legends and folk tales. It may refer to classical mythology or to a body of modern thought and modern life. (From Webster's 1st ed)Melopsittacus: A genus, commonly called budgerigars, in the family PSITTACIDAE. In the United States they are considered one of the five species of PARAKEETS.Melanins: Insoluble polymers of TYROSINE derivatives found in and causing darkness in skin (SKIN PIGMENTATION), hair, and feathers providing protection against SUNBURN induced by SUNLIGHT. CAROTENES contribute yellow and red coloration.Atlantic OceanCzechoslovakia: Created as a republic in 1918 by Czechs and Slovaks from territories formerly part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The country split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia 1 January 1993.World War I: Global conflict primarily fought on European continent, that occurred between 1914 and 1918.AustriaLocation Directories and Signs: Directory signs or listings of designated areas within or without a facility.Poland
  • From their they went by train across Canada, a 10 day trip, seeing the Manitoba floods with water on both sides of the train as it was April 1939 at that time, they went through Red Deer with Elsa commenting on for years after about the many trees that Red Deer had, something she loved as it reminded her of the Sudetenland. (reddeeradvocate.com)
  • For a woman who was to transform film, it is fitting that Maya Deren was born in Russia in 1917, during the birth of the Revolution. (jwa.org)
  • But with Sasha Hammid, she penetrated the world of film, becoming Maya Deren, avant-garde filmmaker. (jwa.org)
  • Considered among the most important figures in the postwar development of personal independent films in the United States, Maya Deren defined her approach: "The great art expressions will come later, as they always have, and they will be dedicated, again to the agony and the experience rather than the incident. (jwa.org)
  • Eventually, Sasha Hammid and Maya Deren divorced. (jwa.org)
  • Maya Deren met her third husband, Teiji Ito, when he was only fifteen years old and she was in her thirties. (jwa.org)
  • Maya Deren was born Eleonora Derenkowsky in Kiev in 1917. (lightcone.org)
  • Maya Deren worked ceaselessly to establish facilities and funding for the independent film movement which subsequently grew up in America. (lightcone.org)
  • Allen EO (1968) Range use, foods, condition, and productivity of white-tailed deer in Montana. (springer.com)
  • The four elements of the lower hind foot (calcaneus, metatarsal, naviculo-cuboid, and tibia) were tested for use as age-independent proxies of body size in white-tailed deer using known aged specimens from Ft. Hood Texas. (unt.edu)
  • Statistical analysis indicates that the calcaneum and the tibia are good proxies of age-independent body size in white-tailed deer. (unt.edu)
  • Images of a few members of the family Cervidae (clockwise from top left) consisting of the red deer , the sika deer , the barasingha , the reindeer , and the white-tailed deer , and the grey brocket , and the elk , and the pudú . (wikipedia.org)
  • The highest concentration of large deer species in temperate North America lies in the Canadian Rocky Mountain and Columbia Mountain regions between Alberta and British Columbia where all five North American deer species ( white-tailed deer , mule deer , caribou, elk , and moose) can be found. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tissue changes in white-tailed deer (Odocoileusvirginianus borealis) with natural lung-worm infections (Protostrongylus and Dictyocaulus). (umich.edu)
  • Tsangpa-Dynastie - Festung der Stadt Shigatse (im Jahr 1938) Die Tsangpa Dynastie (tib. (academic.ru)
  • Im Jahr 1938 isolierte und charakterisierte er als Erster Bakteriophagen und bestimmte sie als Nukleoproteine . (wikipedia.org)
  • Cook CE, Wang Y, Sensabaugh G (1999) A mitochondrial control region and cytochrome b phylogeny of sika deer ( Cervus nippon ) and report of tandem repeats in the control region. (springer.com)
  • Goodman SJ, Tamate HB, Wilson R, Nagata J, Tatsuzawa S, Swanson GM, Pemberton JM, McCullough DR (2001) Bottlenecks, drift and differentiation: the population structure and demographic history of sika deer ( Cervus nippon ) in the Japanese archipelago. (springer.com)
  • Sika deer ( Cervus nippon ) not only produces less methane than bovine, but they also harbor a distinct methanogen community. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Whereas, knowledge of methanogens colonization in the rumen and cecum of sika deer is relatively still unknown, which could provide more insights to the manipulation of gut microbiota during early life. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Here, we examined the development of bacteria and methanogens in the rumen and cecum of juvenile sika deer from birth to post-weaning (1 day, 42 days and 70 days, respectively) based on next generation sequencing. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This study contributes to our knowledge about the microbial succession in GIT of sika deer, that may facilitate the development of targeted strategies to improve GIT function of sika deer. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 2017) revealed that methane per unit was lower in sika deer ( Cervus nippon ) than goat [ 18 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These results suggested that exploring the methanogen development in the GIT of sika deer could provide more insights into the establishment of methanogen community, and the manipulation of ruminant in early life. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, there has not been report on the methanogens development in GIT of sika deer. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Für sein Buch von 1939 Crystalline Enzymes: The Chemistry of Pepsin, Trypsin, and Bacteriophage erhielt Northrop die Daniel Giraud Elliot Medal der National Academy of Sciences , deren Mitglied er seit 1934 war. (wikipedia.org)
  • In compiling this generalised summary use was made of the observations of Brown (1938), Paterson (1942) and the recent age-determinations kindly communicated by Finlay, and by Finlay cited by Benson (1943). (natlib.govt.nz)
  • Deren and Hammid moved to New York, where Deren, often referred to as the Mother of Underground Film, continued her film career, focusing also on her interest in dance. (jwa.org)
  • Hammid collaborated with Deren on her first film, MESHES OF THE AFTERNOON which was shot using a 16mm Bolex in two weeks in 1943. (lightcone.org)
  • After a previously unratified attempt in 1946, the Village of North Red Deer amalgamated with the City of Red Deer on January 1, 1948. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over the course of its incorporation, North Red Deer grew from a population of 304 in 1911 to a population of 698 in 1946. (wikipedia.org)
  • Deren received a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1946 for the purpose of traveling to Haiti in order to photograph Haitian dance. (jwa.org)
  • Though Tyrus worked at The Walt Disney Studios only three years, between 1938 and 1941, his influence on the artistic composition of the animated feature Bambi cannot be overstated," Disney said. (yahoo.com)
  • Geographic distribution of tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) based on serosurveillance of roe deer, the Netherlands, during A) 2010 and B) 2017. (cdc.gov)
  • Therefore, we collected roe deer blood samples during 2017, tested them for TBEV and TBEV-neutralizing antibodies, and compared results with those from 2010 ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The lungs and, in one case the majority of the lung lobes, from two adult male roe deer were submitted to the Wildlife Veterinary Investigation Centre by hunters in April 2015 and April 2017 following the observation of gross abnormalities for the purpose of food safety. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Cervidae) through the use of skeletal remains (excluding the skull) is pelvic suspensory tuberosity presence/absence in white-tailed (Odocoileus virginianus) and black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus columbianus). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Taber (1956) provides a method to determine sex of Cervidae from skeletal remains excluding the skull for white-tailed (Odocoileus virginianus) and black-tailed (O. hemionus columbianus) deer. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Small species of brocket deer and pudús of Central and South America, and muntjacs of Asia generally occupy dense forests and are less often seen in open spaces, with the possible exception of the Indian muntjac . (wikipedia.org)
  • Some deer have a circumpolar distribution in both North America and Eurasia. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1938 Irving Langmuir, recipient of the 1932 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, examined the claim in detail and refuted the estimate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Legendary in Ojai since 1932, The Deer Lodge is now under new ownership as of Jan. 2, 2013 and serving great locally raised grass fed steaks and American classics made with the best of Ojai farm-sourced ingredients seven days a week. (opentable.com)
  • By 1932 the last wild Deer was killed, and the final captive specimen died 6 years later. (blogspot.com)
  • Alldredge WA, Lipscomb JF, Whicker FW (1974) Forage intake rates of mule deer estimated with fallout cesium-137. (springer.com)
  • Anderson AE, Snyder WA, Brown GW (1965) Stomach content analyses related to condition in mule deer, Guadalupe Mountains, New Mexico. (springer.com)
  • Barmore WJ (1969) Pronghorn-mule deer range relationships on the northern Yellowstone winter range. (springer.com)
  • Bartmann RM, Alldredge AW, Neil PH (1982) Evaluation of winter food choices by tame mule deer. (springer.com)
  • and the Capreolinae , including the reindeer (caribou), the roe deer , the mule deer , and the moose . (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2004, Christian Pitra and co-workers published the first molecular phylogeny of Old World deer which advanced our understanding of the Cervinae immeasurably by demonstrating the non-monophyletic status of the red deer/wapiti group, the chital/hog deer group and the swamp deer/Eld's deer group. (springer.com)
  • Deer are widely distributed, with indigenous representatives in all continents except Antarctica and Australia, though Africa has only one native deer, the Barbary stag , a subspecies of red deer that is confined to the Atlas Mountains in the northwest of the continent. (wikipedia.org)
  • At this juncture, Deren attended Smith College, completing her master's degree in English literature in June 1939. (jwa.org)
  • From their they went by train across Canada, a 10 day trip, seeing the Manitoba floods with water on both sides of the train as it was April 1939 at that time, they went through Red Deer with Elsa commenting on for years after about the many trees that Red Deer had, something she loved as it reminded her of the Sudetenland. (reddeeradvocate.com)
  • The interior features two bas relief cast stone panels of woodland animals titled "Deer" and "Bear" executed in 1938 by artist Paul Fiene. (wikipedia.org)
  • A contribution to the life history of the deer lung-worm, Leptostrongylus alpenae (Nemiatoda: Leptostrongylidae), with observations on its incidence and biology. (umich.edu)
  • Anthony RG, Smith NS (1974) Comparison of rumen and fecal analysis to describe deer diets. (springer.com)
  • The author is unaware of any published report on avian tuberculosis infection in deer in India, and this appears to be the first record relating to M. avium infection in cervids. (fao.org)
  • The present communication puts on record the isolation of Mycobacterium avium from the pulmonary tuberculous lesions found in an adult male spotted deer ( Axis axis ) that died in captivity. (fao.org)
  • This study has shown that Varestrongylus capreoli also has the capability to cause significant lung pathology in roe deer and heavy infection could be of clinical significance. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Clearing open areas within forests to some extent may actually benefit deer populations by exposing the understory and allowing the types of grasses, weeds, and herbs to grow that deer like to eat. (wikipedia.org)
  • The White Stag by Kate Seredy won the prestigious Newbery Medal as the Outstanding American book for children in 1938. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is only one mounted Schomburgk's Deer in the entire world (at the Paris Natural History Museum), in addition to a handful of skulls, skins, and antlers. (blogspot.com)
  • Although deer management has focused typically on population-level parameters (e.g., relative density, sex ratios), individual-level health parameters can be used by state agencies, private managers, and hunters to assess the success of management strategies. (eaglehill.us)
  • Population dynamics and economic impact of deer in southern Michigan. (umich.edu)
  • A potential focus was defined by the presence of a TBEV SNT-confirmed or PCR-positive roe deer case. (cdc.gov)
  • Considering the home range size for roe deer, we arbitrarily considered a case within 10 km part of the same focus. (cdc.gov)
  • Thus, an understanding of physiological condition of deer across their range is warranted. (eaglehill.us)
  • A number of toubts good line, has been released from her ture ,iair U)elr 'cn,,, fhare of deer about three and one-half mile from were responded to by Professors Koe- lf Hit more, 'i ne county clerk s office toum Range, was being driven to nK allj nher and others entrance to Sisklwit bay. (loc.gov)
  • Huemul deer ( taruca and Chilean huemul ) of South America's Andes fill the ecological niches of the ibex and wild goat , with the fawns behaving more like goat kids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Parasitic pneumonia is regarded as a common cause of mortality in roe deer and is typically attributed to infection with Dictyocaulus sp. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The lungs of two hunter-shot roe deer in Cornwall showed multiple, raised, nodular lesions associated with numerous protostrongylid-type nematode eggs and first stage larvae. (beds.ac.uk)
  • While often associated with forests, many deer are ecotone species that live in transitional areas between forests and thickets (for cover) and prairie and savanna (open space). (wikipedia.org)
  • The role of early experience in habitat selection by the prairie deer mouse, Peromyscus maniculatus bairdi. (umich.edu)
  • Deer hunting has been a popular activity since at least the Middle Ages and remains a resource for many families today. (wikipedia.org)
  • This section of the Olympic Discovery Trail offers scenic views of Olympic National Park, which was established in 1938 by President Franklin Roosevelt. (traillink.com)
  • Its forests are home to cougars, bears, deer, woodpeckers, golden eagles, mountain goats and peregrine falcons nesting above the trail on Pyramid Mountain. (traillink.com)
  • Hopewell is reached over a semi-improved dirt road from the junction of Deer Trail and Tusas Canyons 5 mi to the east. (nmt.edu)
  • Our results provide baseline physiological data for deer in a nutrientdeficient habitat type. (eaglehill.us)
  • Though managers need to consider nutritional plane of particular habitat types, our results indicate that deer can achieve normal body weights and maintain body condition in nutrient-deficient sites. (eaglehill.us)
  • Further, nutritionally deficient habitat types are of interest because few studies have examined deer health at sites where nutritional plane is low. (eaglehill.us)
  • Before the General Medical Council reached a verdict on Dr. Wakefield, Brian Deer was promising that he was going to report on the data Dr. Wakefield used for his now retracted Lancet paper . (leftbrainrightbrain.co.uk)
  • Also attracted to the semi-tropical barrier island is an array of wildlife, ranging from loggerhead sea turtles to painted buntings, barracudas to sea horses, alligators, pelicans, dolphins and deer, raccoons, Eastern diamondback rattlesnakes and even the rare coral snake. (beaufort.com)