17-Hydroxycorticosteroids: A group of hydroxycorticosteroids bearing a hydroxy group at the 17-position. Urinary excretion of these compounds is used as an index of adrenal function. They are used systemically in the free alcohol form, but with esterification of the hydroxy groups, topical effectiveness is increased.11-Hydroxycorticosteroids: A group of corticosteroids bearing a hydroxy group at the 11-position.Hydroxycorticosteroids: A group of corticosteroids carrying hydroxy groups, usually in the 11- or 17-positions. They comprise the bulk of the corticosteroids used systemically. As they are relatively insoluble in water, salts of various esterified forms are often used for injections or solutions.17-Ketosteroids: Steroids that contain a ketone group at position 17.Hydrocortisone: The main glucocorticoid secreted by the ADRENAL CORTEX. Its synthetic counterpart is used, either as an injection or topically, in the treatment of inflammation, allergy, collagen diseases, asthma, adrenocortical deficiency, shock, and some neoplastic conditions.Ketosteroids: Steroid derivatives formed by oxidation of a methyl group on the side chain or a methylene group in the ring skeleton to form a ketone.Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry: A microanalytical technique combining mass spectrometry and gas chromatography for the qualitative as well as quantitative determinations of compounds.Hydrolysis: The process of cleaving a chemical compound by the addition of a molecule of water.Yang Deficiency: In the YIN-YANG system of philosophy and medicine, a lack of vital energy (called yangxu in Chinese). It manifests itself in various systemic and organic diseases. (The Pinyin Chinese-English Dictionary, 1979)Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Metabolome: The dynamic collection of metabolites which represent a cell's or organism's net metabolic response to current conditions.Metabolomics: The systematic identification and quantitation of all the metabolic products of a cell, tissue, organ, or organism under varying conditions. The METABOLOME of a cell or organism is a dynamic collection of metabolites which represent its net response to current conditions.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Complementary Therapies: Therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched some (PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES; DIET; ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Alberta: A province of western Canada, lying between the provinces of British Columbia and Saskatchewan. Its capital is Edmonton. It was named in honor of Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p26 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p12)British Columbia: A province of Canada on the Pacific coast. Its capital is Victoria. The name given in 1858 derives from the Columbia River which was named by the American captain Robert Gray for his ship Columbia which in turn was named for Columbus. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p178 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p81-2)Genomics: The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.Health Records, Personal: Longitudinal patient-maintained records of individual health history and tools that allow individual control of access.Academies and Institutes: Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Newspapers: Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)Chemistry, Clinical: The specialty of ANALYTIC CHEMISTRY applied to assays of physiologically important substances found in blood, urine, tissues, and other biological fluids for the purpose of aiding the physician in making a diagnosis or following therapy.Decision Support Techniques: Mathematical or statistical procedures used as aids in making a decision. They are frequently used in medical decision-making.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Patient Participation: Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health.Decision Making, Computer-Assisted: Use of an interactive computer system designed to assist the physician or other health professional in choosing between certain relationships or variables for the purpose of making a diagnostic or therapeutic decision.Werner Syndrome: An autosomal recessive disorder that causes premature aging in adults, characterized by sclerodermal skin changes, cataracts, subcutaneous calcification, muscular atrophy, a tendency to diabetes mellitus, aged appearance of the face, baldness, and a high incidence of neoplastic disease.ArchivesBiological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Directories as Topic: Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)RecQ Helicases: A family of structurally-related DNA helicases that play an essential role in the maintenance of genome integrity. RecQ helicases were originally discovered in E COLI and are highly conserved across both prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Genetic mutations that result in loss of RecQ helicase activity gives rise to disorders that are associated with CANCER predisposition and premature aging.BooksSteroids: A group of polycyclic compounds closely related biochemically to TERPENES. They include cholesterol, numerous hormones, precursors of certain vitamins, bile acids, alcohols (STEROLS), and certain natural drugs and poisons. Steroids have a common nucleus, a fused, reduced 17-carbon atom ring system, cyclopentanoperhydrophenanthrene. Most steroids also have two methyl groups and an aliphatic side-chain attached to the nucleus. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Allied Health Occupations: Occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians, and are qualified by special training and, frequently, by licensure to work in supporting roles in the health care field. These occupations include, but are not limited to, medical technology, physical therapy, physician assistant, etc.Library Collection Development: Development of a library collection, including the determination and coordination of selection policy, assessment of needs of users and potential users, collection use studies, collection evaluation, identification of collection needs, selection of materials, planning for resource sharing, collection maintenance and weeding, and budgeting.Textbooks as Topic: Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.Book SelectionReference Books, Medical: Books in the field of medicine intended primarily for consultation.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Publications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Cellular Phone: Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.ConnecticutMobile Applications: Computer programs or software installed on mobile electronic devices which support a wide range of functions and uses which include television, telephone, video, music, word processing, and Internet service.Computers, Handheld: A type of MICROCOMPUTER, sometimes called a personal digital assistant, that is very small and portable and fitting in a hand. They are convenient to use in clinical and other field situations for quick data management. They usually require docking with MICROCOMPUTERS for updates.Anthropology: The science devoted to the comparative study of man.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.

Radioimmunoassay for 11-deoxycortisol using iodine-labeled tracer. (1/89)

A simple and sensitive radioimmunoassay for 11-deoxycortisol was developed. The antiserum produced in rabbits by immunizing with a complex of 11-deoxycortisol-3-oxime and bovine serum albumin (BSA) has little cross-reactivity with other endogenous steroids. The immunoassay procedure requires only one-step ethanol denaturation of binding proteins in plasma and extraction by an organic solvent can be omitted. Furthermore, use of 125I-labeled tracer significantly simplify the counting procedure. The method is sensitive enough to detect 1 microng/100 ml of 11-deoxycortisol. Plasma 11-deoxycortisol levels measured by this method after the administration of a single dose of metyrapone ranged from 5.0 to 19.2 microng/100 ml, whereas they were 0 to 4.0 microng/100 ml in hypopituitary patients. It is concluded that this simple method is useful for the routine assay of plasma 11-deoxycortisol as a parameter of the metyrapone tests.  (+info)

A case of renin-producing adrenocortical cancer. (2/89)

Here we report a case of a renin-producing adrenocortical carcinoma. A 57-year-old woman was referred to our hospital complaining of thirst and generalized muscle weakness. She was diagnosed as being hypertensive and diabetic with associated hypokalemia and she had a hard elastic mass with a diameter of 10 cm on the left side of her neck. An abdominal computed tomography scan revealed a suprarenal mass on the left side (8.5 x 8 x 6.5 cm). Endocrinological examination demonstrated a marked elevation in the patient's serum glucocorticoid and sex steroid hormones as well as plasma renin activity. Histological examination of a sample taken from the neck mass revealed a metastasis from an adrenal carcinoma, which was stained positively with antibodies against cytochrome P450 and renin, establishing the diagnosis of a renin-producing adrenocortical carcinoma. Trilostane was effective in reducing serum cortisol levels, but mitotane was ineffective.  (+info)

Nonchromatographic radioimmunoassay of plasma 11-deoxycortisol, for use in the metyrapone test, with polyethylene glycol as the precipant. (3/89)

We have developed a simple, reliable radioimmunoassay for plasma 11-deoxycortisol. The method does not require chromatography but instead makes use of a simple extraction procedure which, in combination with the antibody characteristics, is highly specific for the metyrapone test. Polyethylene glycol was used to separate free and antibody-bound steroid. The smallest amount measurable is 15 pg (2.0 mug/liter of plasma). The method is shown to be precise and accurate. Intraassay precision of the method for two plasma pools was 26.7 plus or minus 2.5 mug/liter (CV equals 9.4%) and 61.2 plus or minus 3.7 mug/liter (CV equals 6.0%). The respective inter-assay precision was 27.0 plus or minus 1.7 mug/liter (CV equals 6.3%) and 59.9 plus or minus 2.3 mug/liter (CV equals 3.8%). The validity of the assay was further verified by evaluating the plasma 11-deoxycortisol response to metyrapone administration. The relative simplicity of the method and the commercial availability of all reagents, including antisera, makes this radioimmunoassay procedure practical for use in clinical laboratories.  (+info)

The biochemical study of intermaxillary fixation (IMF) stress in oral surgery inpatients. (4/89)

Although intermaxillary fixation (IMF) is performed to treat the patients with maxillary fracture, this procedure is very stressful to the patients. IMF has been reported to increase noradrenaline (NA) release in the brain and elevate plasma corticosterone contents in the rat. These changes were significantly attenuated by diazepam, an anxiolytic of the benzodiazepine family. These results suggest that IMF could greatly affect the pituitary-adrenal system as a stress. In the present study, in order to examine the influence of IMF on the human body function, we measured levels of 17-hydrocorticosteroids (17-OHCS) and 17-ketosteroid (17-KS), which are metabolites of the adreno-cortical hormone cortisol, in the urine of inpatients undergoing IMF. The subjects were requested to fill out a questionnaire on irritableness caused by IMF. In these patients, urinary 17-OHCS levels were significantly increased after IMF and well correlated to the results of the questionnaire. The finding suggested that urinary 17-OHCS levels reflect stress related to IMF, and that such stress mainly causes an irritated feeling. Natural killer cell activity (NK activity), which is considered to be related to stress, was measured in these patients. The relationship between 17-OHCS levels and NK activity was examined in reference to the results of the questionnaire. Questionnaire showed that most patients noted insomnia and an irritated feeling during IMF. To examine the influence of anxiolytic agents on stress related to IMF, an anxiolytic agent, ethyl loflazepate, was administered during IMF, and urinary 17-OHCS levels were measured. There was no correlation between 17-OHCS levels and NK activity in the patients. Furthermore, no correlation was observed between visual analogue scale (VSA) and NK activity. Increases in 17-OHCS levels in the group treated with ethyl loflazepate, an anxiolytic of the benzodiazepine family, were significantly lower than in the untreated group. This suggests that ethyl loflazepate reduced stress responses to IMF. It has been reported that NK activity is reduced inpatients with depression or chronic fatigue syndrome. However, NK activity may not be affected by mechanical stress such as IMF. The finding that an anxiolytic agent, ethyl loflazepate, inhibited stress responses to IMF further suggests that anxiolytic drugs are very useful for treatment of irritated feeling of the patients undergoing IMF.  (+info)

Involvement of the cholinergic pathway in the pathogenesis of pituitary Cushing's syndrome. (5/89)

Transsphenoidal adenomectomy is currently the first choice for treatment of patients with pituitary ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome. However, pharmacotherapy is prescribed for some patients, e.g., unsuccessful surgery. We treated a woman in whom pituitary Cushing's syndrome was improved while she was on antimuscarinic cholinergic agents, atropine sulphate and pirenzepine hydrochloride. The diminished effect of anticholinergics on ACTH and cortisol was incidentally identified in an inferior petrosal sinus sampling procedure. A single intramuscular injection of atropine significantly decreased both ACTH (43.9 pg/ml to less than 12.0; normal, 12.0-40.0 pg/ml) and cortisol (29.9 microg/dl to 13.6; normal, 7.6-23.6 microg/dl). An M1-muscarinic receptor specific antagonist, pirenzepine hydrochloride, also had a diminishing effect on these hormones and this inhibiting effect was partially blocked by the simultaneous administration of an anticholinesterase agent, pyridostigmine bromide. Chronic oral ingestion of these agents led to improvement in clinical symptoms, and urinary 17-hydroxycorticosteroid and 17-ketosteroid levels were at normal to upper-normal levels. This is the first documentation of involvement of the cholinergic system in the pathogenesis of pituitary Cushing's syndrome.  (+info)

Parallel radioimmunoassay for plasma cortisol and 11-deoxycortisol. (6/89)

We describe a direct, rapid, and specific procedure for the parallel radioimmunoassay for cortisol and 11-deoxycortisol in plasma. The plasma sample is used directly, after heat inactivation of the natural cortisol-binding protein. The radioimmunoassay utilizes antibodies generated in rabbits by steroids congugated at their 3-oxo position to thyroglobulin. Ammonium sulfate is used to separate bound and free steroids. Our cortisol antibody and an 11-deoxycortisol antibody obtained elsewhere cross reacted negligibly with each other or with other steroids that might be present in plasma. Radioimmunoassays were therefore developed for both steroids in only 1.25 mul of plasma. The intra- and inter-assay coefficients of variation for both steroids were less than 10%, with a sensitivyt of 4 mug/liter. Steroid values obtained by a competitive protein binding method were consistently higher than those of the present method, suggesting that the former is measuring total corticosteroids. This simple approach requires only 4 h for the specific measurement of both cortisol and 11-deoxycortisol in 20 samples of plasma.  (+info)

A natural history of adrenocorticotropin-independent bilateral adrenal macronodular hyperplasia (AIMAH) from preclinical to clinically overt Cushing's syndrome. (7/89)

A 49-year-old man was referred to our hospital for the treatment of gallstones in 1993. Bilateral adrenal nodular masses were detected incidentally by abdominal computed tomography. He had no clinical signs of Cushing's syndrome such as central obesity, striae of skin and diabetes mellitus. We performed cholecystectomy and partial adrenalectomy of right adrenal gland as a biopsy, and diagnosed him as preclinical Cushing's syndrome due to adrenocorticotropin-independent bilateral adrenal macronodular hyperplasia (AIMAH) based on endocrinological and histological examinations. We followed him up for 7 years. During the observation period, the sizes of both adrenal glands increased gradually, and finally serum cortisol level increased beyond normal range, and he showed a Cushingoid appearance such as moon face and central obesity. His skin became atrophic and very fragile, and the bone mineral density of his lumbar spine was extremely low. Serum cortisol level was elevated, and plasma ACTH level was always suppressed. Urinary excretion of 17-hydroxycorticosteroid and free cortisol were increased. Diurnal rhythm of cortisol and ACTH was completely lost and high dose (8 mg/day) dexamethasone did not suppress urinary 17-hydroxycorticosteroid excretion. He became clinically overt Cushing's syndrome. We recommended total adrenalectomy, but he refused it. It is important to know the natural history of preclinical Cushing's syndrome due to AIMAH when choosing an adequate treatment.  (+info)

Enzyme induction by enflurane in man. (8/89)

Concentrations of 6-beta-hydroxycortisol (6-OHF), a polar metabolite of cortisol formed in the endoplasmic reticulum (microsomes) of the liver, and 17-hydroxycorticosteroids (17-OHCS) were measured in the urines of six healthy adult male volunteers exposed to a mean of 9.6 MAC-hours of enflurane anesthesia as an index of possible enzyme induction. The ratio of 6-OHF to 17-OHCS in 24-hour urine specimens collected five days before anesthesia was compared with the ratio of these metabolites in 24-hour urine specimens collected 16 to 18 hours after anesthesia. The ratio of 6-OHF to 17-OHCS increased markedly in five and decreased slightly in one volunteer following anesthesia. The results indicate that enflurane may cause induction of hepatic microsomal enzymes.  (+info)

Semantic Scholar extracted view of Chemical method for the determination of 17-hydroxycorticosteroids and 17-ketosteroids in urine following hydrolysis with beta-glucuronidase. by Elizabeth M. Glenn et al.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Circadian urinary glucocorticoid and rhythmic blood pressure coordination. AU - Halhuber, M. J.. AU - Cornelissen-Guillaume, Germaine G. AU - Bartter, F. C.. AU - Delea, C. S.. AU - Kreze, A.. AU - Mikulecky, M.. AU - Müller-Bohn, T.. AU - Siegelová, J.. AU - Dušek, J.. AU - Schwartzkopff, O.. AU - Halberg, F.. PY - 2002/1/1. Y1 - 2002/1/1. N2 - Circadian variations in urinary 17-hydroxycorticosteroids (17-OHCS) and blood pressure were examined in patients (n=42) with MESOR-hypotension, MESOR-normotension and MESOR-hypertension with no known endocrine disorder. Relations were sought between adrenocortical function and blood pressure. All data were evaluated using the Halberg cosinor analysis. In this study, in a separate group of patients (n=21), life expectancy was also examined as a function of the circadian blood pressure amplitude.. AB - Circadian variations in urinary 17-hydroxycorticosteroids (17-OHCS) and blood pressure were examined in patients (n=42) with ...
Antinuclear Antibody Screen (ANA); Anti Strptolysin-O (ASO); Calcium (Ca); Chem 6 [Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN); Creatinine; Electrolytes [ Carbon Dioxide (CO2); Chloride (CL); Potassium (K); Sodium (Na) ]; Complete Blood Count [
Effect of altered acid-base balance, induced by the intravenous infusion of either hydrochloric acid or sodium bicarbonate, on adrenocortical function in anesthetized dogs was studied. The secretory activity of the adrenal cortex was determined by measuring 17-hydroxycorticosteroids in adrenal venous blood. Adrenocortical stimulation occurred in dogs with a profound decrease in arterial ph and bicarbonate concentration in the presence of a normal arterial CO2 tension (acid infusions) and in dogs with increased arterial CO2 tension and bicarbonate concentration in the presence of a normal arterial ph (bicarbonate infusions). It is concluded that concomitant alterations in both arterial ph and CO2 tension are not required to initiate an adrenocortical response, and it is suggested that a suitable change in either of these factors may act as a pituitary-adrenocortical stimulus.. ...
53-35-0 - GNFTWPCIRXSCQF-UJXAPRPESA-N - 6beta-Hydroxycortisol - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information.
E. coli Source ß-Glucuronidases
ß-Glucuronidase is a ~290 kDa tetrameric protein with an isoelectric point of 4.8.1 Unlike the enzyme preparations from mollusks that naturally contain ß-glucuronidase and sulfatase activities in almost equal amounts, the preparation of ß-glucuronidase from E. coli is essentially free of sulfatase activity. The enzyme from E. coli has a high rate of hydrolytic activity and it retains this activity during hydrolysis better than similar enzymes that are more sensitive to changes in the concentration of ß-glucuronide conjugates. The enzyme preparation from E. coli has been shown to be useful for determining the presence of androsterone, 17-hydroxycorticosteroids, and estriol in urine.2 The E. coli enzyme has also been shown to be more active against estrogen conjugates than other sources of the enzyme.3
Optimal pH: 6-7

References
1. Kim, D-H, et al., Biol. Pharm.
Since oxidative cellular damage contributes to the development of cancers, heart disease and ageing, the synthesis of antioxidative agents which are able to either prevent or mitigate oxidative stress to cells is an important area of investigation. Combinatorial chemistry has had a profound impact on the discovery and optimisation of potential lead compounds, especially in the medicinal field. This review details recent examples of combinatorial chemistry dealing with the synthesis of novel antioxidants with an emphasis on solid phase compound synthesis and parallel library synthesis.. Full text not available from this repository.. ...
The metyrapone test has been improved by specific measurement of plasma 11-deoxycortisol. This simplified method measures 11-deoxycortisol and cortisol in a sample of 0.1 ml of plasma after a standard dose of metyrapone. In normal patients, after metyrapone ingestion, plasma 11-deoxycortisol rises from a base line of 0.8 ± 0.8 µg/100 ml to 16.8 ± 4.4 µg/100 ml, and plasma cortisol falls from 13.5 ± 5.1 µg/100 ml to 3.3 ± 2.8 µg/100 ml. After metyrapone 11-deoxycortisol is reduced only in adrenocorticotrophin (ACTH) deficiency. Patients with hypopituitarism or chronic corticoid therapy and 9 of 12 acromegalics had subnormal levels. Patients with the "empty sella" syndrome or trophic hormone deficiency other than ACTH had normal levels. In primary hypothyroidism postmetyrapone 11-deoxycortisol is significantly greater than in normals. This difference is thought to be caused by delayed metabolic clearance of the steroid. Simultaneous measurement of serum cortisol affords an internal ...
Looking for online definition of 11-deoxycortisol in the Medical Dictionary? 11-deoxycortisol explanation free. What is 11-deoxycortisol? Meaning of 11-deoxycortisol medical term. What does 11-deoxycortisol mean?
The adrenal glands, ovaries, testes, and placenta produce steroid hormones, which can be subdivided into 3 major groups: mineral corticoids, glucocorticoids, and sex steroids. Synthesis proceeds from cholesterol along 3 parallel pathways, corresponding to these 3 major groups of steroids, through successive side-chain cleavage and hydroxylation reactions. At various levels of each pathway, intermediate products can move into the respective adjacent pathways via additional, enzymatically catalyzed reactions (see Steroid Pathways in Special Instructions).. 21-Deoxycortisol is an intermediate steroid in the glucocorticoid pathway. While the main substrate flow in glucocorticoid synthesis proceeds from 17-hydroxyprogesterone via 21-hydroxylation to 11-deoxycortisol and then, ultimately, to cortisol, a small proportion of 17-hydroxyprogesterone is also hydroxylated at carbon number 11 by 11-beta-hydroxylase 1 (CYP11B1), yielding 21-deoxycortisol. This in turn can also serve as a substrate for ...
11-Deoxycortisol, also known as cortodoxone (INN) or cortexolone, as well as 17α,21-dihydroxyprogesterone or 17α,21-dihydroxypregn-4-ene-3,20-dione,[1] is a glucocorticoid steroid hormone. It was first synthesized by Tadeusz Reichstein, and has also been referred to as Reichsteins Substance.[1] On April 5, 1952, biochemist Durey Peterson and microbiologist Herbert Murray at Upjohn published the first report of a breakthrough fermentation process for the microbial 11α-oxygenation of steroids (e.g. progesterone) in a single step by common molds of the order Mucorales.[2] 11α-oxygenation of Compound S produces 11α-hydrocortisone, which can be chemically oxidized to cortisone, or converted by further chemical steps to 11β-hydrocortisone (cortisol). 11-Deoxycortisol acts as a glucocorticoid, though is less potent than cortisol. It can be synthesized from 17α-hydroxyprogesterone. In 11β-hydroxylase deficiency, 11-deoxycortisol levels increase dramatically, causing hypertension (as opposed to ...
A new drug formulation of the adrenal cortex (AC) inhibitor o,p′-DDD (chloditan) was developed as a solution for i.v. injection. Its effects on glucocorticoid hormone production by human AC tissue culture and AC function in dogs were studied. A concentration range of 0.005 - 5.0 mg/mL was established by adding 5% o,p′-DDD solution to the culture medium. Cultivation of specimens of human adrenocortical tissue in the presence of o,p′-DDD solution caused after 24 h a dose-dependent decrease of 11-hydroxycorticosteroid (11-HCS) content by 11.0 - 69.8%. The 11-HCS content in dog blood plasma decreased by an average of 3.5 times; the response to synthetic 1 - 24-corticotropin stimulation, by three times, with daily administration for 3 d of 10 mL of the solution. The 11-HCS blood level was still reduced two weeks after withdrawal of the drug. The proposed o,p′-DDD solution showed adrenocorticolytic activity and could be recommended for clinical trials.
The reference range of urinary 17-ketosteroids is as follows: Males: 10-20 mg (34-69 µmol)/24 h Females: 5-15 mg (17-52 µmol)/24 h
I have 5g of Formestane in NP Penetrate from about 1 1/2 years ago. I shake the bottle every week or two. The bottle has been kept in a cool dark
so i got the formestane, but am waiting on the penetrate. Just looking for an eta on it anybody has the time. Thanks in advance, and as always, NP i
Looking for online definition of 17-ketosteroids in the Medical Dictionary? 17-ketosteroids explanation free. What is 17-ketosteroids? Meaning of 17-ketosteroids medical term. What does 17-ketosteroids mean?
A sample of venous blood and a 24 hour urine collection may be collected for this test. Methods used collect a sample for this test vary. Depending on the method used, you may need a sample collected more than once, over multiple days, or at specific times. Ask the healthcare worker to explain the details of this test to you. Venous blood: When a blood sample from a vein is needed, a vein in your arm is usually selected. A tourniquet (large rubber strap) may be secured above the vein. The skin over the vein will be cleaned, and a needle will be inserted. You will be asked to hold very still while your blood is collected. Blood will be collected into one or more tubes, and the tourniquet will be removed. When enough blood has been collected, the healthcare worker will take the needle out. 24 hour urine collection: For a 24-hour urine collection, all of the urine that you pass over a 24-hour time period must be collected. If you are in the hospital, a healthcare worker will collect your urine. You ...
Anti-estrogen Steroids Powder Formestane Lentaron CAS 566-48-3 Quick Detail: Name: Formestane Other name: Lentaron; CAS: 566-48-3 MF: C19H26O3 MW: 302.41 Assay: 99% Appearance:White powder. Formestane Description: Formestane is currently one of the...
Free cortisol is useful in the detection of patients with Cushings syndrome for whom free cortisol concentrations are elevated.. ...
Hello! My 8yo son is home at least once/month for stomachaches. Most recently, it was about 2.5 weeks ago (he is home again today). The last time, he may ...
Natural antioxidants and plant-derived compounds provide a strong defense against cellular damage caused by free-radical induced oxidative stress [16, 17]. Free-radicals and various reactive oxygen species are produced during cellular metabolism in all living systems and are responsible for oxidative cellular damage in human beings. To reduce this damage, some sort of defense mechanism is needed, and indeed, several types of natural and artificial antioxidants are used to control oxidative stress. In particular, plant-derived compounds are a potent source of novel antioxidant activity [18]. Bibenzyl derivatives isolated from D. moniliforme were examined for their antioxidant capacity using DPPH free-radical scavenging assay [11, 13, 14], a popular tool because of its simplicity and high sensitivity. This assay works on the principle that any hydrogen donor is an antioxidant. Thus, a compounds antioxidant effect is proportional to the disappearance of DPPH radicals in test samples [19].. The ...
A better testing choice is the Metyrapone test.. Unlike ACTH which requires an injection, the metyrapone drug can be given PO orally. The metyrapone test is superior to the ACTH stimulation test because evaluates both hypothalamic and adrenal function. HCG stimulates testicular production of testosterone without impairing fertility, and is therefore a preferred treatment in the er age group. He was also given a small dosage of natural thyroida half grain tablet daily.. Additional treatment protocols were also given as outlined by Dr. Jim had hypothalamic damage from MDMA drug use which caused his low hormone levels and chronic fatigue. LH and FSH then travel to the testicle to stimulate testosterone LH and sperm production FSH.. Chronic recreational drug use with Ecstasy. For Part Three, Click Here Low Testosterone From Pain Pills by Jeffrey Dach MD Dr John Crisler on HCG for Symptoms of Low Testosterone Low Testosterone Diagnosis and Treatment by Jeffrey Dach MD More articles on Low ...
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In vivo and in vitro effects of AVP and V1a receptor antagonist on Cushings syndrome due to ACTH-independent bilateral macronodular adrenocortical hyperplasia.
Looking for online definition of 17-ketosteroids or what 17-ketosteroids stands for? 17-ketosteroids is listed in the Worlds largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms
Exacerbation of autoimmune thyroid dysfunction after unilateral adrenalectomy in patients with Cushings syndrome due to an adrenocortical adenoma
This video explains Cushings syndrome and how to differentiate between different types of Cushings syndrome and also how to treat Cushings syndrome ...
Cushings syndrome was first discovered by Harvey Cushing. In this situation, your body is damaged by an overload of cortisol. This can cause diabetes, high blood pressure and slow metabolism. - Cushings syndrome - Slow Metabolism - Low Carb at BellaOnline
Cushings Syndrome Definition - Cushings syndrome is a disorder that occurs when the body is exposed to abnormally high levels of the hormone...
Information about this survey and your consent to participate Patients with Cushings syndrome report decreased quality of life before and after surgical treatment. We are investigators at the U.S. National Institutes of Health who care for patients with Cushings syndrome. We want to learn more about the patients experience during the post-surgical recovery phase with…
Surgical stress is the systemic response to surgical injury and is characterized by activation of the sympathetic nervous system, endocrine responses as well as immunological and haematological changes. Measurement of surgical stress is used in anaesthesia, physiology and surgery. Analysis of the surgical stress response can be used for evaluation of surgical techniques and comparisons of different anaesthetic protocols. Moreover they can be performed both in the intraoperative or postoperative period. If there is a choice between different techniques for a surgical procedure, one method to evaluate and compare the surgical techniques is to subject one group of patients to one technique, and the other group of patients to another technique, after which the surgical stress responses triggered by the procedures are compared. The technique with the least surgical stress response is considered the best for the patient. Similarly, a group of patients can be subjected to a surgical procedure where one ...
Thirty-four patients with Cushings Syndrome: our clinical experience in the past 20 years/ Otuz dort Cushings Sendromu olgusu: 20 yillik klinik deneyimlerimiz.
As this eMedTV Web page explains, Cushings disease can cause symptoms like weight gain, fatigue, excessive hair growth, and hypertension. This article identifies several other possible signs and symptoms of this condition.
Cushings syndrome is considered to be a rare disorder that results from prolonged exposure to glucocorticoids. However, there are few epidemiological studies to provide adequate data to describe the incidence and prevalence of the condition accurately. Most cases are diagnosed between the ages of 20 and 50, although any individual may be affected at any age.
Shares of Corcept Therapeutics Inc. soared 57 percent in extended trade Friday, after the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Korlym as the first therapy to treat high blood sugar in adults suffering from a hormonal disorder called endogenous Cushings syndrome.
SILVER SPRING, Md., Feb. 17, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- FDA Approves Korlym for Patients With Endogenous Cushings Syndrome.
D. Lynn Loriaux, M.D., Ph.D. N Engl J Med 2017; 376:1451-1459April 13, 2017DOI: 10.1056/NEJMra1505550 More than a century ago, Harvey Cushing introduced the term
When it comes to traveling in a car with your dog, safety should be paramount for you both. However, a recent study from Volvo Car USA found some surprising statistics. ...
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Metyrapone: An inhibitor of the enzyme STEROID 11-BETA-MONOOXYGENASE. It is used as a test of the feedback hypothalamic-pituitary mechanism in the diagnosis of CUSHING SYNDROME.
Specifically, Barnaby has been studying the growth of kinetin-based nanostructures and the growth of selenium nanoparticles as biocompatible materials for drug delivery for prevention of oxidative cellular damage. She has been examining the potential of these materials as radical scavengers and investigating their efficiency as supports for enzymes such as glutathione peroxidase, which plays a vital role in prevention of oxidative damage. These materials have been found to survive in live cell cultures of normal rat kidney cells, which is promising and she hopes that she will be soon be moving on to conduct in vivo studies. She has already presented at conferences such as the New York American Chemical Society undergraduate research symposium, the Columbia University undergraduate research symposium, the Fordham undergraduate research symposium, and ECSC, which involved undergraduate participants from colleges and universities all over the East Coast ...
Rank Status Study 1 Recruiting Study to Evaluate CORT125134 in Patients With Cushings Syndrome Condition: Cushings Syndrome Intervention: Drug: CORT125134 2 Recruiting Cushings Disease Complications Condition: Cushings Disease Intervention: Other: Exams and questionnaires 3 Recruiting The Accuracy of Late Night Urinary Free Cortisol/Creatinine and Hair Cortisol in Cushings Syndrome Diagnosis Condition: Cushing Syndrome Intervention: 4 Recruiting Treatment for Endogenous Cushings Syndrome Condition: Endogenous Cushings Syndrome Intervention: Drug: COR-003 5 Recruiting Saliva Cortisol Measurement as a Screening Test for Suspicious Cushings Syndrome in Children. Condition: Cushings Syndrome Intervention: Other: Children refered to the obesity clinic 6 Recruiting Safety and Efficacy of LCI699 for the Treatment of Patients With Cushings Disease Condition: Cushings Disease Intervention: Drug: LCI699 7 Recruiting Treatment of Cushings Disease With R-roscovitine Condition: Cushings Disease ...
Rank Status Study 1 Recruiting Study to Evaluate CORT125134 in Patients With Cushings Syndrome Condition: Cushings Syndrome Intervention: Drug: CORT125134 2 Recruiting Cushings Disease Complications Condition: Cushings Disease Intervention: Other: Exams and questionnaires 3 Recruiting The Accuracy of Late Night Urinary Free Cortisol/Creatinine and Hair Cortisol in Cushings Syndrome Diagnosis Condition: Cushing Syndrome Intervention: 4 Recruiting Treatment for Endogenous Cushings Syndrome Condition: Endogenous Cushings Syndrome Intervention: Drug: COR-003 5 Recruiting Saliva Cortisol Measurement as a Screening Test for Suspicious Cushings Syndrome in Children. Condition: Cushings Syndrome Intervention: Other: Children refered to the obesity clinic 6 Recruiting Safety and Efficacy of LCI699 for the Treatment of Patients With Cushings Disease Condition: Cushings Disease Intervention: Drug: LCI699 7 Recruiting Treatment of Cushings Disease With R-roscovitine Condition: Cushings Disease ...
To examine the production of steroids with potential oocyte maturation-inducing or pheromonal activity in the goldfish (Carassius auratus) we have incubated mature ovaries of this species with 17-[3H]hydroxyprogesterone. The metabolites in the unconjugated, glucuronide, and sulfate fractions were identified by chromatography, microchemical reaction, and, in most cases, crystallization to constant specific activity. A major metabolite, present in all three fractions, was tentatively identified as 5 alpha-pregnane-3 beta,7 alpha,17,20 beta-tetrol. Although 17,20 beta-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17,20 beta-P) was found in only low yield (as a sulfate), the presence of the tetrol indicates that it is synthesized in high yield but very rapidly metabolized. The relative proportions of 17,20 alpha-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17,20 alpha-P), 11-deoxycortisol (17,21-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3,20-dione) and 17,20 beta,21-trihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17,20 beta,21-P) varied significantly between incubations and ...
This drug was approved for use in patients with endogenous Cushings syndrome who have type 2 diabetes or glucose intolerance and are not candidates for surgery or who have not responded to prior surgery. Korlym should never be used (contraindicated) by pregnant women.. Prior to FDAs approval of Korlym, there were no approved medical therapies for the treatment of endogenous Cushings syndrome.. Endogenous Cushings syndrome is a serious, debilitating and rare multisystem disorder. It is caused by the overproduction of cortisol (a steroid hormone that increases blood sugar levels) by the adrenal glands. This syndrome most commonly affects adults between the ages of 25 and 40. About 5,000 patients will be eligible for Korlym treatment, which received an orphan drug designation by the FDA in 2007.. Korlym blocks the binding of cortisol to its receptor. It does not decrease cortisol production but reduces the effects of excess cortisol, such as high blood sugar levels.. The safety and efficacy of ...
English - Chinese Bio-chemistry Dictionary. By: Joe Hing Kwok Chu. Back to Biochemistry Dictionary Main page. Adrenocortical Hormone, Page 1 Page 1 (index 11-deoxycortisol~18-hydroxycorticosterone). page 2 (3b-hydroxydehydrogenase~cardiac inhibiting factor). page 3 (circadian rhythms ~ dexamethasone). page 4 (metyrapone test ~ stress reaction). page 5 (tetrahydrocortisol ~ water test). Go to Next page ...
Cushings Syndrome Endrocrineinfo.com Cushing syndrome occurs when your body is exposed to elevated degrees of the hormone cortisol for quite a long time. The most usual cause of Cushing syndrome, occasionally called hypercortisolism, is the use of oral corticosteroid medication. The status may also happen when your body makes an excessive amount of cortisol. Too much cortisol can produce a […]. » Read more ...
DefinitionExogenous Cushing syndrome is a form of Cushing syndrome that occurs in people taking glucocorticoid (also called corticosteroid) hormones.
Too much cortisol in the body isnt just a sign of stress; it can also lead to Cushings syndrome (hypercortisolism). Learn about causes, symptoms and prevention.
Approximately 25,000 Americans are living with Cushings syndrome but our understanding of the disease is still severely lacking.
... hydroxycorticosteroids MeSH D06.472.040.585.353 --- 11-hydroxycorticosteroids MeSH D06.472.040.585.353.118 --- aldosterone MeSH ... 17-diol MeSH D06.472.334.851.968.750 --- androstenediol MeSH D06.472.334.851.968.875 --- androstenedione MeSH D06.472.334.851. ... 17-ketosteroids MeSH D06.472.040.502.112 --- androstenedione MeSH D06.472.040.502.195 --- androsterone MeSH D06.472.040.502.497 ... 17-hydroxycorticosteroids MeSH D06.472.040.585.478.195 --- cortisone MeSH D06.472.040.585.478.225 --- cortodoxone MeSH D06.472. ...
... (OHCSs) are corticosteroids that have an additional hydroxy (-OH) group. There are two main positions ... 11-hydroxycorticosteroids (11-OHCSs) include: aldosterone corticosterone hydrocortisone 17-hydroxycorticosteroids (17-OHCSs) ... where the hydroxy group may be added: at carbon atom 11, and at carbon atom 17. ...
The 17-hydroxycorticosteroids (17-OHCS) test measures the level of 17-OHCS in the urine. ... A higher than normal level of 17-OHCS may indicate:. *A type of Cushing syndrome caused by a tumor in the adrenal gland that ... 17-OHCS is a product formed when the liver and other body tissues break down the steroid hormone cortisol. ... The urine volume and urine creatinine are often done with 17-OHCS test at the same time. This helps the provider interpret the ...
Hydroxycorticosteroids, 17 (adrenal gland hormone) level. Service Code: 83491, Service Type: Medical ...
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Chemical method for the determination of 17-hydroxycorticosteroids and 17-ketosteroids in urine following hydrolysis with beta- ... Chemical method for the determination of 17-hydroxycorticosteroids and 17-ketosteroids in urine following hydrolysis with beta- ... A procedure for the measurement of urinary 17-hydroxycorticosteroids, aldosterone acid-labile conjugate, and free plasma ... article{Glenn1953ChemicalMF, title={Chemical method for the determination of 17-hydroxycorticosteroids and 17-ketosteroids in ...
The blood cortisone, ACTH, and 24 h urine 17-OHCS, which were widely admitted as diadynamic criteria of KDS-Yang in clinic of ... 17, pp. 5635-5642, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus ... 17, no. 1, pp. 50-52, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus ... The serum cortisone, ACTH, and 24 h urine 17-OHCS were measured using ELISA kits (Groundwork Biotechnology Diagnosticate Ltd., ...
porter silber hydrazone, 17-hydroxycorticosteroids. Regulation Description. 17-Hydroxycorticosteroids (17-ketogenic steroids) ...
17- Ketosteroids. Plasma. 25-125 Fg/dL. 34.67W. 866-4334 nmol/L. ... Hydroxycorticosteroids. Plasma. Male. Female. After 24 USP. ...
Hydroxycorticosteroids (OHCSs) are corticosteroids that have an additional hydroxy (-OH) group. There are two main positions ... 11-hydroxycorticosteroids (11-OHCSs) include: aldosterone corticosterone hydrocortisone 17-hydroxycorticosteroids (17-OHCSs) ... where the hydroxy group may be added: at carbon atom 11, and at carbon atom 17. ...
Introduction. Following is a breakdown of 510(k) exempt and Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)/Quality System exemptions listed by device class. All devices in this list are 510(k) exempt unless further qualified by a footnote. Only devices annotated by (*) are also exempt from GMP except for general recordkeeping requirements and compliant files.. Class I Devices. FDA has exempted almost all class I devices (with the exception of Reserved Devices from the premarket notification requirement, including those devices that were exempted by final regulation published in the Federal Registers of December 7, 1994, and January 16, 1996. Some 510(k) exemptions annotated with \#\ are with certain limitations as noted in the footnotes. It is important to confirm the exempt status and any limitations that apply with 21 CFR Parts 862-892. Limitations of device exemptions are covered under 21 CFR xxx.9, where xxx refers to Parts 862-892.. If a manufacturers device falls into a generic category of exempted ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
A group of hydroxycorticosteroids bearing a hydroxy group at the 17-position. Urinary e... more. 9. 20. Details. ... 17. Details. 6-Mercaptopurine. An antimetabolite antineoplastic agent with immunosuppressant properties. It interferes... more ...
Urinary excretion of 17-ketosteroids was diminished. No alterations in the results of clinical chemical tests for liver ... Urinary 17-hydroxy-corticosteroids were reduced in both cases; however, plasma 17-hydroxy-corticosteroid levels and cortisol ... No change wee seen in urinary 17-ketosteroids or 11-oxy-corticosteroids nor any other signs of improvement in her adrenal ... Urinary 17-ketosteroids and 17-hydroxy-corticosteroids were decreased and plasma 17-hydroxy-corticosteroids were slightly ...
17-Ketosteroids in urine. mg/24 hrs. 8-20 Adult M. 20. 25. 40. ...
... is the most comprehensive urinary hormone metabolism evaluation designed to assist in the prevention and treatment of hormone-related symptoms and conditions. Buy Complete Hormones online with free shipping!
17-KS); thyroid-stimulating hormone; and electrocardiogram (ECG). Primary nursing diagnosis. Diagnosis. Altered nutrition: Less ... cortisol, corticosterone, cortisone, 11-dehydroxycortisone, desoxycorticosterone, 17-hydroxy-11-desoxycorticosterone, ...
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1957 Feb;17(2):296-316. [PubMed]. *GRANT AP. Werners syndrome (progeria in the adult). Ulster Med J. 1957 May 1;26(1):65-70. [ ... I. The determination of 17-hydroxycorticosteroids. Biochem J. 1955 Jul;60(3):453-460. [PubMed] ...
17. Steroid Effects on Heterologously-Transplanted Human Tumors. Discussion 18. Steroid-Induced Tumors in Animals. Discussion V ... 5. The Effects of Steroids on the Levels of the Plasma 17-Hydroxycorticosteroids and the Serum Protein-Bound Iodine. Discussion ... Comparison of the Antitumor Effects of 17α-Methyl-19-Nortestosterone and Testosterone Propionate in Advanced Mammary Carcinoma ... the effects of steroids on the levels of the plasma 17-hydroxycorticosteroids and the serum protein-bound iodine; and the ...
Chicken 17-Hydroxycorticosteroids,17-OHCS ELISA kit EK0058 人白介素1可溶性受体Ⅱ(IL-1sRⅡ)ELISA试剂盒 Human soluble interleukin-1 receptor Ⅱ, ... 鸡17羟皮质类固醇(17
ELISA试剂盒Chicken17-Hydroxycorticosteroids,17-OHCSELISAkit人白介素1可 ... Chicken 17-Hydroxycorticosteroids,17-OHCS ELISA kit 人白介素1可溶性受体Ⅱ(IL-1sRⅡ)ELISA试剂盒 Human soluble interleukin-1 receptor Ⅱ,IL-1sRⅡ ... 鸡17羟
Chemical Name: 11ß, 17, 21-trihydroxypregn-4-ene-3,20-dione. CAS Number: 50-23-7. Hydrocortisone, Hydrocortisone Acetate (EENT) ... Possible decrease in urinary excretion of 17-hydroxycorticosteroids from excessive systemic levels of hydrocortisonec g i j ...
Jacene, H. A., Filice, R., Kasecamp, W. & Wahl, R. L., Jan 1 2009, In : Journal of Nuclear Medicine. 50, 1, p. 8-17 10 p.. ... 17α-Hydroxylase deficiency in a genetic male and female sibling pair. Sills, I. N., MacGillivray, M. H., Amrhein, J. A., Migeon ... 17β-estradiol inhibits apoptosis of endothelial cells. Alvarez, R. J., Gips, S. J., Moldovan, N., Wilhide, C. C., Milliken, E. ... 17β-Estradiol reduces stroke injury in estrogen-deficient female animals. Rusa, R., Alkayed, N. J., Crain, B. J., Traystman, R ...
if the patient is normal, build up of 11-deoxycortisol (which doesnt inhibit ACTH) will lead to increased 17- ... if the patient has abnormal HPA axis function the metyrapone will not elicit increased urine 17-hydroxycorticosteroids ...
  • A 21-carbon steroid that is converted from PREGNENOLONE by STEROID 17-ALPHA-HYDROXYLASE. (rightdiagnosis.com)
  • On high-protein diet, significant decreases in adrenal contents of cholesterol and ascorbic acid were noticed, while on high fat diet marked increases of both variables in nucleic acids contents, acid and alkaline phosphatase activities and urinary steroid metabolites [17-OS and 17-OHCS] were detected on high intake of protein and fat. (who.int)
  • Study of the daily thythms of free 17-oxycorticosteroids in blood plasma of patients with tumors of the spinal cord and spine, discogenic pain syndrome, and of those who underwent plastic surgery for cranial defects revealed disturbances in the biorhythms of the adrenal cortex in patients with tumors of the spinal cord before operation. (meta.org)
  • The secretory activity of the adrenal cortex was determined by measuring 17-hydroxycorticosteroids in adrenal venous blood. (physiology.org)
  • The hydroxycorticosteroids are mostly the mineralocorticoids and are mainly produced in the zona glomerulosa layer (the outermost layer of the adrenal gland) of the adrenal cortex. (citizendium.org)
  • Urinary concentrations of 17-OHCS were significantly related to mood inventory scales of anxiety and well-being, with concentrations of epinephrine significantly correlated with anxiety scores. (ovid.com)
  • Also, curcumin increased the level of 17-ketosteroid reductase enzyme and subsequently increased the testosterone level in cadmium induced testicular damage and in gallic acid induced testicular toxicity . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 46,XY disorder of sex development due to 17-beta hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3 deficiency: a plea for timely genetic testing. (pills2021.ru)
  • Sixty-three (14.5%) had 11 hydroxylase deficiencie, 11 (2.5%) had 3βhydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency, 3 (0.7%) lipoid adrenal hyperplasia, 5 girls (1.2%) 17-hydroxylase deficiency and 4 patients (0.9%) had hyperreninemic hypoaldosteronism. (ac.ir)
  • Formation of estradiol-17(3-C'4 from testosterone-3-C14 by surviving human ovarian slices. (springer.com)